the Cattleman’s Last Frontier.






                                                 BOUDINOT AND PAYNE.

Elias C. Boudinot first stimulated the homesteaders’ interest in Indian Territory with a series of letters written to newspapers early in 1879. In mid-February he revealed, in the Chicago Times, that the federal government had, after the Civil War, purchased millions of acres of land from tribes in the Territory. By treaties signed in 1866 with the Creeks, Seminoles, Choctaws, and Chickasaws, the government bought approximately 14 million acres for $1,600,530. More than 1 million acres had been assigned to Pottawatomies and Sacs and Foxes, while Wichita held another 743,610 acres under an unratified agreement with Washington. The rest, Boudinot, declared, was public domain. Located west of the 97th meridian and south of the Cherokee Outlet, this land was “well adapted for the production of corn, wheat, and other cereals.” Stimulated by Boudinot’s report, prospective settlers flocked to the Kansas line. Secretary of the Interior Carl Schurz closely followed newspaper accounts of homesteaders’ growing interest in Indian Territory and became alarmed by the situation. He announced that neither the Homestead Act nor any other federal land legislation applied to the purchased acreage. Any settlement in the area would be illegal. Schurz instructed the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to empower Indians to evict intruding farmers.

                                                           David L. Payne

Emporia News, May 14, 1869.

THE NINETEENTH KANSAS REGIMENT. Lieut. Col. W. C. Jones, an estimable officer, was, on the first day of May, at Topeka, presented with a valuable gold watch by his brother officers of the Nineteenth cavalry, as a small token of regard, a dinner and complimentary speeches being the concomitants of the presentation.

Col. W. C. Jones was a general favorite in his regiment, and spared no pains in rendering his battalion efficient, while at the same time he had a due regard for the comfort of his men. We understand that Capt. Payne and Lieut. Steele, both of company “H,” had also watches presented to them by members of the same troop. Leavenworth Bulletin.

Emporia News, July 29, 1870.

Capt. D. L. Payne, of Sedgwick County, called on us a few days ago. He has established a ranch in that county, on the road from El Dorado to Wichita, and intends making a big stock farm. Dave fought for his country during the rebellion, and was a Captain in Governor Crawford’s regiment, which went out against the Indians winter before last. We are glad to know that his prospects are bright for the accumulation of a fortune. He certainly deserves success.

Emporia News, September 9, 1870.

Capt. Payne, of Wichita, known in Kansas as “Oxheart,” was in town a day or two this week. Payne’s friends are as numerous as his acquaintances. He is always welcome.

                                                 PAYNE INVASIONS INTO

                                                     INDIAN TERRITORY

In the spring of 1880, David L. Payne emerged as leader of the farmers who were “booming” for opening the Indian Territory to settlement. Payne, a one-time guide, scout, Kansas legislator, and petty bureaucrat, had met Boudinot in Washington. Both men enjoyed the support of railroads eager to remove barriers to homesteading below Kansas. Boudinot was content to seek lawful means of achieving those ends, but Payne preferred the more direct method of outright invasion. Between May 19, 1880, and August 28, 1882, the boomer leader was four times arrested within Indian Territory—once escorted to its borders and released, and three times jailed, either by Army or civilian authorities. His raids during 1883 occurred with such frequency that the War Department lost count of them. In the military’s view, “The whole history of Payne’s operations is a farce, in which the Government is, of course, at a disadvantage. There is no punishment for Payne and his followers, the law only providing a fine for such transactions—a sort of punishment easily borne by the impecunious crowd which follows this business of intrusion into the Indian Territory.”


Arkansas City Traveler, February 5, 1879.

The bill introduced by Senator Ferry in the Senate a few days ago provided that all able-bodied citizens between the ages of 18 and 45 years, resident within their respective States and Territories, except such as may be exempt by law, shall consti­tute the militia. The militia are to be divided into two classes—active, to be known as National or State guard, as the legislature of each State may prescribe; and inactive, to be known as Reserve militia. The bill proposes to appropriate one million dollars for the purpose of providing arms, ammunition, and other ordnance and quartermaster stores for active service.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 26, 1879.

                                       Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad.

We understand that the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail­road Company have contracted for 80,000 tons of rails, with other material, for the purpose of building a branch, starting at Emporia and running through Greenwood, Elk, and Chautauqua counties to the South line of the State of Kansas, at or near Arkansas City, with a branch from Winfield to Wellington in Sumner County, for which bonds have been voted in Cowley and Sumner counties. This makes about 165 miles of new construction. Subscriptions for the money to build these branches will be offered to the stockholders of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad Company during this month. Boston Journal.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1879

                                                  RAILROAD BUILDING.

                           An Editor of the Courier Interviews Gen. W. B. Strong

                   and is assured that the Santa Fe R. R. will be built from Wichita

                                                 to this point at an early day.

The material for the construction of the road has been purchased. The surveyors and engineers are at work. In a few days the Board of Directors will advertise for bids for the grading. Let the people plant corn and rejoice, for the day of our deliverance is at hand. This year's crops will certainly be shipped by rail from Winfield.

                                                         “We Told You So!”

When at home two weeks ago we talked with many who feared that the proposed railroad from Wichita to Winfield would not be built within the time agreed upon. We were surprised to find so many residents both of the city and of the country distrustful of the intentions of the Santa Fe company. To all such we stated that on account of their attempt to secure occupants for their immense tracts of land in western Kansas, the company could not afford to advertise our county by beginning the construction of their road into it until the rush of the spring immigration is over, but that we were confident the road would be completed the coming summer.

Last Friday we called upon General Manager Strong, and were assured by him that our statement of the case was entirely correct, and that the engineers were then at work making the survey of the route. Mr. Strong stated that the materials for the construction of the road have already been purchased and that he expected within two weeks to send to the COURIER advertise­ments for bids for the grading. He says that the work on the extension will be pushed rapidly until the road is completed, and that if we said to do so he would yet put ten thousand dollars into the hands of our county treasurer as a forfeit to the county if he fails to have the cars running to Winfield by the 30th of September next.

Mr. Strong is a frank, outspoken man. He means exactly what he says, and we are just as confident that our “pass” is to be made “good to Winfield” within six months as we would be if the Santa Fe company had a forfeit of one hundred thousand dollars in the hands of our county treasurer.

The construction of this road is assured. It is a thing of which no man in the county should have any doubt. We believe that the ones who have charge of the enterprise will have the cars running to Winfield long before the fall immigration to the State will begin. The same things that cause delay in beginning work are arguments in favor of the rapid construction of the road when it is commenced.

COWLEY COUNTY FARMERS, YOU WILL CERTAINLY MARKET THIS YEAR'S CROPS AT WINFIELD. Cut out these lines and paste them in your hats so that you may refer to them occasionally for encourage­ment. The same labor that produced and marketed twenty acres of corn last year will double that number this. Instead of being compelled to freight your wheat, forty, fifty, or sixty miles to dispose of it, lying out of doors at night and being exposed in all kinds of weather, you will market your crops at home hereaf­ter and enjoy your evenings with your families.

This spring every available acre of ground should be planted to some kind of paying crop. We should strain every nerve to make our productions as great as possible. The railroad will be of little value to us if we have nothing to ship. This summer breaking plows should be kept moving. (We have taken the advice we give you and shall have every tillable acre of our “points” put into cultivation this season.)  Next fall we should sow one hundred and fifty thousand acres of fall wheat. With a home market our surplus from this crop alone will put us almost out of debt. If we continue in the future, industrious and frugal as we have been in the past, we shall find our county just entering upon an era of prosperity and development such as we have not yet known. Let all plans be made and work done as if the road was already constructed, for the highest authority in connection with the enterprise says it shall be pushed rapidly to completion. We give you not hearsay evidence, but the frank, honest statement of the man who controls.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1879.

General Blair, attorney, and Major Gunn, engineer of the L. L. & G. railroad extension to this place, were in town last Friday and report everything “booming” in relation to their work. Louisburg township, in Montgomery county, voted their bonds by a three-fourths majority. They think that the Elk townships will be carried by even greater majorities. Sumner county is active in the preparation to submit a bond vote and will no doubt put her shoulder to the wheel.

The engineers are out engaged in locating the Cowley, Sumner and Fort Smith railroad, extension of the Wichita branch of the A. T. & S. F. Large amounts of material are in preparation for the work and dirt will soon be flying all along the line from Wichita to Winfield.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1879.

The letter of Col. E. C. Boudinot gives considerable infor­mation in regard to the Indian Territory. Colonel Boudinot is a Cherokee by birth, an orator, and a statesman. His letter shows that 12,000,000 acres of land within the Territory do not belong to any of the tribes, but are absolutely government land.

  This would make 75,000 farms of 160 acres each, or enough for 75,000 families of five persons each, making homes therefore for three hundred and seventy-five thousand persons. These lands it will be remembered are entirely exclusive of any and all reserva­tions of whatsoever kind.

Of the remaining 29,000,000 acres of the different reserva­tions, it is proposed to set apart 100 acres for every man, woman, and child. This would require 10,150,480 acres, as the Indian population is only 48,736, whites 876, negroes 5,000. So far providing all these with their 160 acres each, there would still remain within these reservations nearly 19,000,000 acres for white settlement, in addition to the 12,000,000 above re­ferred to. This would make 118,750 farms of 160 acres each, and counting five persons to a family would make homes for 593,750 persons. This would leave all the Indian lands still intact, and to each Indian family of five persons a farm of 800 acres as they would have 160 acres for each man, woman, and child.

It has been suggested that when the Territory is opened for settlement, and the Indians are given their lands in severalty, that it be fixed so that they cannot sell or convey their lands for a certain period of time, say ten or twenty years, in order that they could not be purchased away from them without ample and sufficient consideration. As a large portion of these people are civilized and many of them educated, it is not likely that their best interest can possibly suffer by the new order of things which is likely to take place in the near future.

—Chetopa Advance.

On April 26, 1879, President Rutherford B. Hayes issued a proclamation warning “certain evil-disposed persons” of the inadvisability of nesting on Indian land.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1879. The engineering corps of the A. T. & S. F. road were survey­ing through Winfield Tuesday. It is said that the company will be throwing dirt on the road to Winfield in less than ten days.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 30, 1879.

Several articles have appeared of late, in the public press, tending to encourage squatter sovereignty in the Indian Territo­ry. A letter from Cornelius Boudinot (who generally flies off at half cock) is also published for the purpose of creating a false impression in the public mind. The act of Congress, establishing the metes and bounds of the Indian Territory, has never been repealed, and is yet the law of the land. That act prescribes that the Territory is set aside for the sole and exclusive use and benefit of Indian tribes, and expressly prohib­its the settlement therein of any other race. The statutes of the United States also make it penal offense for any white person not an employee of Government to locate therein without special permit from lawful authority.

Although it is a fact that some of the five nations ceded to Government large tracts of land that they formerly acquired from the same source, the original bill creating the Territory covers every acre within its limits, and the treaties thus made express­ly affirm that all these lands shall be used on the part of the United States for settling Indian tribes.

If we turn to the early history of this Territory, we find that less than fifty years ago it was uninhabited by any of the five nations, and was known as the Territory of Arkansas. Indian wars, then so common on this continent, rendered it necessary on the part of the general Government to remove the five nations beyond the encroachment of civilization, and hence this territory was formed.

In the early history of the war of the rebellion, two parties arose among the Indians in the Territory, and the full bloods, or Pins, as they were designated, went into the Federal army, while the half breeds were mustered into McCullock's Southern ranks. In the battles that were fought at Pea Ridge, Flat Rock, Cane Hill, and Prairie Grove, the five nations were auxiliary forces and sent a summons of death into many a soldier.

At the close of the rebellion, the question arose whether the rights of the Rebel Indian in the Territory were not confis­cated, and to settle the dispute, the treaty of 1866 was made. That treaty also recites that the Indians shall forever possess and enjoy a perfect right and title to all lands lying within the limits of said Territory.

The ceded lands of twelve or fourteen million acres that squatter sovereignty proposes to cover with her broad wings, cannot be taken for colonization while the Government recognizes the old treaties.

In 1874 Congress passed a law that no more treaties shall be made with any Indian tribe, but left passed treaties undisturbed.

The Forty-fifth Congress passed a law that it shall be unlawful for the Interior Department to remove into the Indian Territory any tribe of Indians from New Mexico or Arizona, the Sioux included. But during all this time it has created no right for white men.

About the time of the first settlement of this reserve, some three thousand people went down onto the “Outlet,” and made settlements. They remained undisturbed a few months only, when Government resolved to put them out, and destroyed all improve­ments.

With this experience, it looks to us that it is a game of hazard that no wise man will play to settle on lands that can only be held by force, and where the incentive to mob and riot so plainly exists.

Whether the policy of the General Government towards the Indian is wholly right or all wrong has been argued by learned men from opposite standpoints, and the question remains unsettled. That the Indian can be taught, and has mind to comprehend a superior condition far above his crude nature, is no longer a question for argument. But whether his advancement in the next decade will meet the requirements to enable him to cope with white settlements that are pressing him on every side admits of serious doubts. The commerce of the “New West” is reaching out, and is making demands for greater room. Our railroads are asking for a right of way through the Indian lands, and seem determined to open up a new era of things. Of this we feel assured, that if the Government takes no steps this season to remove those now going on to these lands, a general rush will follow after autumn harvest that no Congress will feel disposed to drive out. We shall see.


Arkansas City Traveler, May 7, 1879.

The grand rush for the unassigned lands in the Indian Territory is assuming gigantic proportions. If it should prove to be the method of forcing the Territory open to settlement, it will also demonstrate the fact that a comparative minimum number can set at defense the will of the Government, and throttle its very existence.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 7, 1879 - Front Page.

                                          KEEP OUT OF THE TERRITORY.

The following proclamation was issued by the President on the 26th.

WHEREAS, It has become known to me that certain evil dis­posed persons have, within the Territory and jurisdiction of the United States, begun and set on foot preparations for organized and forcible possession of the settlement upon lands of what is known as the Indian Territory, west of the State of Arkansas, which Territory is designated, organized, and described by treaties and laws of the United States and by executive authori­ties as the Indian's country, and as such is only subject to occupation by Indian tribes, officers of the Indian department, military posts, and such persons as may be privileged to reside and trade therein under the intercourse laws of the United States; and

WHEREAS, These laws provide for the removal of all persons residing and trading therein without express permission of the Indian department and agents, and also of all persons whom such agents may deem improper persons to reside in the Indian country.

Now, therefore, for the purpose of properly protecting the interests of Indian nations and tribes as well as the United States in said Indian Territory, and of the duty of enforcing the laws governing the same, I, Rutherford B. Hayes, President of the United States, do admonish and warn all such persons so intending or preparing to remove upon said lands, or into said Territory, without permission of the proper agents of the Indian department against any attempt to so remove or settle upon any of the lands of said Territory. I do further warn and notify any and all such persons who may so offend that they will be speedily and immedi­ately removed therefrom by the agent according to laws made and provided, and if necessary the aid and assistance of the military forces of the United States will be invoked to carry into proper execution the laws of the United States herein referred to.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington on this, the 26th day of April, and year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-nine, and of the indepen­dence of the United States one hundred and third. R. B. HAYES.

Wm. R. EVARTS, Secretary of State.


Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Winfield is soon to become an important railroad center. The Cowley, Sumner & Ft. Smith railroad will be built to this place within four or five months, and the Southern Kansas and Western will not be far behind.

Already a city of near 3,000 inhabitants, the population of Winfield will ere long be doubled, etc.


Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

The building of the Southern Kansas and Western railroad from Independence to Winfield within the next ten months is assured. The franchises are voted along the whole line. Louisburg township voted the bonds some weeks ago by an over­whelming majority. Last week Tuesday the Elk townships voted bonds to the road.

On the same day Cowley county voted the bonds by 1200 majority. The company has deposited $10,850, which now cannot be withdrawn and which it must forfeit to Cowley County if the road is not in operation to Winfield within ten months. Major Gunn, the engineer, and Gen. Blair both assure us that it will be built long before the time given, even before the year 1879 expires.


Arkansas City Traveler, May 14, 1879.

The General Government is placing military force along the line of the Indian Territory for the purpose of resisting inva­sion onto the unassigned lands therein. During the last few days quite a number of teams have passed through our city on their way to these lands. Government having arrested the tide of squatters flowing into the Territory via Coffeyville, Chetopa, and other points in the Southeast part of Kansas, there seems to be a preconcerted movement to rendezvous at, or near here, and all move together for the Territory.

This looks to us like a hasty unwise step. The Government is resolved to put all invaders out of the Territory, and we advise all who are not seeking a pitched battle to keep out of there. Those who really desire to test the strength of Uncle Samuel can go in on their muscle and take the consequences.

The old fraud—C. C. Carpenter—who has led so many of our people into this ambush is a sore backed, crooked legged, cross-eyed cuss. Every old Kansan knows his record for the last fifteen years, and they know him to be a fraud from his incep­tion. Now we will say to all readers of the TRAVELER, don't be led off by any such a creature. You can't afford to bring upon yourselves the trouble and loss his followers will surely meet. Carpenter has fled to parts unknown, and is not to be found by the military when his company is so desirable.

Whenever Congress is disposed to pass an enabling act to organize a Territorial Government, it will be time enough to change your residence. Those who go before this event, will surely come to grief.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 7, 1879.     

                                                      A Scheme of Plunder.

The New York Sun, Democratic, denounces the invasion of the Indian Territory by lawless white men in very bitter language.

It says:

“A scheme of plunder and villainy, greater and bolder, perhaps, than any other that has even been deliberately con­ceived, perfectly organized, and effectively put in operation since the United States came into existence is now in active progress, with its headquarters at Kansas City, its tools in Washington, both in the lobby and on the floor of Congress, and its agents in every part of the Southwest. The name and purpose of the Oklahoma Ring have been vaguely familiar to the public for several years. The development of this Ring's plan to steal the Indian Territory, to grab millions of acres of Government lands, crowding out the civilized tribes and building colossal private fortunes upon the ruins of Government treaties, has come to that stage where it is necessary that full light be let upon its iniquity.”

The Government declares its intention to maintain the laws and prevent the invasion of the Indian Territory. General Sheridan instead of General Pope as first announced will take active measures to enforce the treaties in accordance with the President's proclamation. Twelve hundred troops will compose this first command. More will be forthcoming if necessary. The Capitol.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 14, 1879.

A squad of soldiers are here to keep the invaders out of the Indian Territory.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 14, 1879.

                                             Camp Detachment U. S. Troops.

ARKANSAS CITY, KANS., May 13th, 1879. 

All parties intending to settle in the Indian Territory are hereby notified that such settlement is contrary to law, and if attempted, will be followed by forcible expulsion therefrom.       W. W. BARRETT,

                                                         Lt. Colonel U. S. A.

                                                    Commanding Detachment.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 14, 1879.

We are in receipt of letters from Senator Plumb and Hon. Thomas Ryan expressing views very decidedly against the movement of those who contemplate settlement in the Indian Territory and advising all who wish to avoid trouble to decline going there as it is a direct violation of law.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Our friend, C. M. Scott, was in town last week and furnished us with much interesting news. He is much of the time in the saddle under orders from the Governor and watching the uneasy Indians in the Territory, which business he claims to like better than he did the editing of the Traveler.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 22, 1879 - FRONT PAGE.

EDITOR COURIER:—Perhaps a word from the great Indian and cattle region would interest the readers of your paper. I will be brief and give as much news in as little space as possible.

The cattle drive from Texas, north, has just begun. The first herd of 300 head passed Cimarron ranche north of Camp Supply, for Dodge City about May 5th. Many others are on the trail and the drive will be good this year. Stock wintered in the northern part of the Territory and in the western counties of Kansas, are a little thin, owing to the hard winter and dry spring.

At Caldwell officers of the Cherokee Nation represented they were there for the purpose of “collecting a tax” of the stock men for pasturage in the Territory, and the matter is creating considerable comment and general dissatisfaction. If it is carried out, stock men will be compelled to drive to the Pan Handle of Texas or Western Kansas. The pasturage that these Indians want pay for, is never used by the Indians and has been burned off every fall for years.

About half way between Ft. Reno and Camp Supply, near the Post, we saw millions of young grasshoppers, but they were confined to a space of a few miles, and but little fears were entertained of their taking the red man's corn.

The veto of the army appropriation bill caused considerable uneasiness among the military men of the several posts and will be very embarrassing to both officers and soldiers. Some WHITE HORSE THIEVES ran off thirteen head of ponies belonging to the Cheyenne chief, “Stone Calf,” and soldiers were scouring the country to overtake them but failed to find them. All along the line we heard of several cases of horse stealing.

Thousands of Texas ponies will be driven to Kansas this year. Mr. Kincaid, at Caldwell, lately came up with 300 head, followed by James Steen, with 900 head. Brown, Jennings, Malone, and Scott will be here by the middle or latter part of summer, each with from one to five hundred head, and the probability is that ponies will be cheap.

Tom Donnell and Ben Clarke in the U. S. scouts at Ft. Reno, and Amos Chapman and Harry Cooms, a Pawnee, at Camp Supply. These men have made quite a record already in Indian exploits, and will figure extensively this summer if any trouble should arise.

The Comanches and Kiowas near Ft. Sill raided into Texas lately, and the “Rangers” dropped one of them, “Sun Boy” by name, for which the Indians made another raid and killed Joe Clarke. This took place April 12th.

George and Bob Bent, half-breed sons of old Colonel Bent, for whom Bent's fort was named, are both among the Cheyennes now, raising cattle and farming. The boys have a very interesting history.

There are no buffalo in the Territory at this time, but during June and July they will come east of Camp Supply and into western Kansas, probably within 150 miles of Winfield. Deer are plentiful, and antelope can be found in Harper and Barbour counties. On the Cimarron, near Jones' ranche affords good hunting and fishing. One of our party killed one panther and a number of turkeys while there, and we fished until we were tired of catching them. Owing to the recent raid to settle in the Territory, hunting will not be permitted near the Interior of the Nation. I will be going in a few days, again, and will notify you of any matters of interest.              Yours,      C. M.  [C. M. Scott]

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Mr. Solomon Frazier, of Lazette, called on us last Monday. Mr. Frazier has just returned from the Indian Territory, where he has been to see about the Oklahoma lands, but was ordered back by the U. S. troops stationed there.


Arkansas City Traveler, June 4, 1879.

D. W. BUSHYHEAD, Treasurer of the Cherokee Nation, we are informed, has established an office at Caldwell, for the purpose of collecting taxes on cattle and other stock grazing in the Indian Territory.

We advise the stock men to resist the payment of this tax, and, if necessary, to make a case and test it before Judge Barker, at Fort Smith. We have been through this question, from head to foot, with the Solicitor of the Interior Department, and think we are as well informed on this subject as any agent of the black and tan Cherokee Council. We received a letter from one of our delegation in Congress yesterday morning stating that the agent was already in trouble with the Department, and will not get out soon. Don't pay a cent. We have not space this week, but will say more in our next.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 4, 1879.

It is estimated that there will be 200,000 head of cattle driven from Texas to Kansas this year. The larger part of them are young steers, from one to two years old. They will probably reach the Arkansas valley about the middle of May.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 4, 1879.

                                                    [Report from C. M. Scott.]

                                                THE TERRITORY AGAIN.


I have just completed another little jog into the Territory, and will relate what I saw.

Gen. McNeil was at Ponca Agency on the 22nd, and may go down to Oklahoma to advise the settlers on the North Fork. Troops from Camp Supply and Fort Sill have already been there, and the result was settlers were strung out all along the road on their way back, cursing the country, the soldiers, and above all, the Kansas City Times, and its “pal”—Carpenter.

Agent Howarth will not take charge of the Pawnees, but enjoy himself visiting the Agencies all around. A few years wrestling with the ague at Kiowa and Comanche Agency satisfied him that the Territory, generally, is not a healthy location.

About sixty of the Pawnees are out on a buffalo hunt, and forty are visiting the Wichitas.

We cut across the country from Pawnee to Kaw Agency, making the trip in a day's ride. It is a much nearer route to Arkansas City, and fully as good road as by the way of Ponca.

The Osages were counciling, on our arrival, but we did not stop to hear them. They have a great many ponies. Some very fancy; but few for sale.

Gov. Joe's camp is near the mouth of Salt Creek, about five miles from the crossing point of the Arkansas. The Arkansas ford at Salt Creek is a good one, although the water was four feet deep in the channel.

Up Salt Creek we saw millions of the “fourteen year lo­custs.” In the creek beautiful fish could be seen grabbing at flies as they fell on its surface.

Crops on Grouse creek are looking splendid, and everything has the appearance of thrift.

All cattle men, as well as others, will have to leave the Territory within the next sixty days, in compliance with the order from the Interior Department at Washington. So much for the white settlers rushing in and making fools of themselves, and bringing hardships upon stock men.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 4, 1879.

It is reported that several more companies of soldiers are to be sent to this place in a short time.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 4, 1879.

Rations are being forwarded from Wichita, and other points, to the troops stationed here, and the probability is that they will remain here for some time.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 4, 1879.

A number of emigrants—forty all told—under the leadership of Colonel Bell, Carpenter's right-hand man, who had settled near Ponca Agency, were removed by a detachment of Colonel Barrett's command. They arrived here Friday evening. Bell, in company with some of the other emigrants, returned to get their stock, permission having been obtained from the commanding officer. Should they, or others who have once been removed, enter the Territory again, with a view of settlement, their wagons and utensils will be burned and their stock confiscated. Most of the emigrants are from Missouri.

­      Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

S. A. Morris and Co. have returned from Oklahoma. They report U. S. officers, soldiers, and Indians in abundance, but the settlers cannot remain in the territory.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 11, 1879.

The raid into the Indian Territory has blown out with the South wind.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 11, 1879.

We notice in the Kansas City Journal that the order for the removal of the cattle from the unassigned lands in the Indian Territory has been revoked.

                                                LIEUTENANT CUSHMAN.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 11, 1879.

Lieutenant Cushman and a detachment of ten men arrived here from Coffeyville on Sunday last.

Winfield Courier, June 26, 1879.

A new town has been started at the junction of the Cowley, Sumner & Ft. Smith railroad.

It is called Mulvane.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 9, 1879.

                                                              A BIG DAY.

                                                The Fourth at Arkansas City.

As time rolls his ceaseless course, every twelve months brings around to us the “day we celebrate”—symbolic day of American freedom, not alone for American born, but for those from the uttermost parts as well. In the largest cities and smallest cross-roads there has ever existed a spirit of rivalry on these occasions, each trying to out-do its nearest neighbor in the matter of display and attractions for the multitude.

Our nation’s birthday was probably more generally celebrated this year than in any year since the Centennial; at least this was the case in Cowley county. Patriotism was boiling and seething in every community to such an extent that a union celebration at the county seat was not to be thought of, and extensive preparations were made in four or five localities to honor the memory of the Revolutionary heroes—“every man to his notion, every woman as she wills, and every child as he has been trained.” 

Since the organization of this county, Arkansas City has been front and foremost in all public undertakings, and her efforts are always crowned with success. This year proved no exception to the rule. As soon as it was known that Arkansas City would celebrate the Fourth, the people throughout the central and southern portions of the county knew where to come for a good time, and the committee on arrangements went to work, confident that their expectations would be realized. Nor where they disappointed.

On the night of the 3rd, the clouds rolled up from the north and gave us a liberal sprinkling, but our soil soon absorbed all superfluous moisture, making the traveling most delightful. (You see, some towns have mud, from which, good Lord, deliver us.)  As early as 7 o'clock the gathering of the clams was foreshadowed by the arrival of people from every direction. They came in car­riages, in wagons, on horse, and on foot—“some in rags, some in tags, and some in velvet gowns.”  Long before the hour for the procession to form it became evident that there would hardly be sufficient room on the town site in which to form a procession, so great was the crowd of sight-seers.

About 10 o’clock, however, the Arkansas City cornet band struck up a lively air, and started for the grounds, followed by Lieut. Cushman and detachment of U. S. Regulars; carriage with Judge M. S. Adams, of Wichita, as orator of the day; the Masonic order; then a company of ragamuffins, in wagons and on horseback, dressed in the most outlandish costumes imaginable, and making the air resound with the hideous noise produced upon improvised musical (?) instruments; after which came the citizens and people from all parts of the country, making the longest procession ever witnessed in Cowley county.

When half way to the grounds the immense concourse of people paused to witness the skirmish drill by Lieut. Cushman's detach­ment. This was the prettiest sight of the day, and many an ex-soldier, as he watched this handful of boys in blue, called to mind the days when the cartridges were not blank, and when such performances thinned the number around the camp fires of both the Blue and the Gray. The drill was perfect in every respect, and spoke louder than words of the admirable discipline of the Lieutenant's company.

After reaching the grounds the first thing in order was the speaking. Mr. Amos Walton was the first introduced, and spoke feelingly of those who had laid down their lives that this day might be celebrated. He was followed by Judge M. S. Adams, of Wichita, who gave the main oration of the day. He is an eloquent speaker, and his patriotic utterances found echo in the hearts of his hearers. He has many friends in this city who cherish the warmest regard for him and are ever ready to welcome him to the future city of the border.

In the afternoon the crowd repaired to the race grounds. In the fast running race the first money was won by Patterson's horse, “John Bascom,” the second money by “Tom Thumb,” and the third by a bay horse whose name we failed to learn. This race was followed by fast and slow mule races, which created consider­able fun, and by a fat and lean man's race. The former was won by W. S. Vorris, of Bolton township, and the latter by G. W. Maness, of the same township, we believe.

The pyrotechnic display in the evening was also a success, with the exception of the balloon, which burned in the ascent.

The only failure to mar the complete success of the day was the dance after the fire-works. Our citizens were too tired to feel much interest in tripping the “light fantastic,” especially as it was so late before commencing. Hoping the kind folks of Winfield who came down to enjoy the dance will make due allowance for this failure, our citizens extend them a cordial invitation to return in the near future, when Arkansas City's reputation for hospitality and sociability will be redeemed.

All in all, it was a glorious Fourth, and passed off with more order than has been known on any similar day for years. It is impossible to make an accurate estimate of the crowd. Some say as high as 10,000 or 11,000, but our Washingtonian proclivi­ties forbid us to back such an estimate, and we will concluded by saying that at least 7,000 patriotic souls thronged the streets of Arkansas City on this anniversary.


Arkansas City Traveler, July 9, 1879.

                                               Lieutenant Cushman's Dance.

The finest gathering of people witnessed for many years assembled at the grove on the Walnut last night, in response to a general invitation from Lieut. Cushman to enjoy the hospitalities of the soldiers in a moonlight hop.

Owing to the disturbance in the morning, by which a decrepit Indian was sent to the happy hunting grounds, the Lieutenant feared the people would be backward about turning out, and, for a while, almost abandoned the scheme, but our citizens were in a humor to dance, and before 9 o'clock some 200 of them were on the ground.

A platform seventy feet in length had been built, with seats on three sides, and a raised platform for the musicians. Over­head hung three rows of Chinese lanterns, furnishing ample light, and a dressing room had been provided for the convenience of the ladies.

The dancing commenced at 9 o'clock, and for seven hours over one hundred of the lovers of the mazy kept time to the best of music, furnished by Messrs. Sipes, Speers, Steiner, and Balcom, refreshing themselves with ice cream, cake, and lemonade, supplied by Mr. Maricle. The sum of fifty cents a number was charged, merely to help defray the expenses.

It was a decided success, and all join in pronouncing it the most enjoyable affair of the year, and in returning thanks to the Lieutenant and detachment for the perfect order maintained throughout. Those who failed to attend can only regret their action, and hold themselves in readiness to attend the next one, which will probably be given in two weeks time, and to which we invite our Winfield friends.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 16, 1879.

Several parties have been taking advantage of the privilege granted them to herd cattle in the Territory, and have built houses, planted crops (mostly corn), and settled down to farming. This being against the law, Lieut. Cushman recently notified them to move their houses, fences, etc., or he would send his detach­ment to help them. Last Thursday was the limit fixed for Messrs. Gatliff and Dixon to vacate, but as they had not yet gone, Sergeant Jordan with six men went out to their camp near the old Kickapoo Agency, with orders to bring the parties in and destroy their houses, which they did. This is but the commencement, as there are several other parties now living in the Territory in violation of the law, and the Lieutenant will remove them as fast as he receives his instructions. While such a course falls rather severely on some of the parties, they have themselves only to blame, and must take the consequences. Messrs. Kennedy, Bell, Christy, and others might as well commence breaking up House-keeping on short notice, for their landlord's agents will be around soon.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 16, 1879.

The Semi-Weekly says the Indians are peaceable along the border, which does away with the necessity of U. S. troops at Arkansas City. The Semi-Weekly knows almost as much concerning the object of the troops being stationed here as a hog does about its grandmother. Wouldn't it be a good idea for you newspaper men up in that mud hole to record the disgraceful brawls of your own military men, and not take every occasion to spit your venom at Arkansas City? By getting up early in the morning and attend­ing strictly to business, we hope to make the riffle without any of your kind assistance.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 16, 1879.

On Monday Lieut. Cushman and detachment were in the Territory warning out other parties. Kansas is the place to farm, and the sooner you find it out, the better.

Winfield Courier, July 24, 1879.

The U. S. troops at Arkansas City will give another moon­light hop Friday evening, and invitations have been sent to several of our young people. The dance given by them some time ago was the most brilliant affair ever held at the City, and all who attended are loud in their praises of the courteous and gentlemanly manner in which Lieutenant Cushman and his men treated their guests.


Winfield Courier, July 31, 1879.

On Monday evening of this week the construction train on the C. S. & F. S. railroad was at Brown's Dog Creek Ranche, eighteen miles this side of Wichita. As we go to press we learn that twenty miles of track are laid, to within twenty-five miles of Winfield, and track is being laid at the rate of a mile a day. The grading is nearly completed to within four miles of Winfield.


Winfield Courier, July 31, 1879.

Mr. Robert Weekly has been over on the railroad work between here and Independence and reports that the grading is about completed all the way from Independence to Elk Falls, thirty-six miles, that eight miles of grading this side of Elk Falls is nearly completed, and that work is being done all along to the top of the Flint Hills. The bridging and track laying are in progress and not far behind the grading. The track is already laid up to the Elk county line. He thinks that next week the last division will be contracted for and grading be in progress all along the line to Winfield. The cuts and fills in rock ascending the Flint Ridge will be heavy and expensive and it is there where the work will be pushed with the most vigor. This work when done will put the finishing touches on the most magnif­icent scenery in Kansas.


Winfield Courier, July 31, 1879.

General Manager W. B. Strong, of the A., T. & S. F. rail­road, in company with Mr. Savery and Engineer            came down on Tuesday last to locate the depots at Winfield and Arkansas City. He held conference with many of our citizens and then passed on to Arkansas City. Yesterday morning (Wednesday) he returned and received propositions from citizens concerning the location, considered them, and finally located the depot on the west side of town. The Arkansas City depot is located southwest of town.

Gen. Strong looks bright and hearty after his long struggle in Colorado in the legal “battle of the giants,” in which he has won a substantial victory against unlimited capital and the most crafty adversaries. Such labors might well have given him an appearance of exhaustion. His name is no misnomer as the Jay Gould outfit has discovered to their cost.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 13, 1879.

We understand that Lieutenant Cushman has made a requisition for horses, and that the infantry now stationed here are to be mounted in order that they may the more effectively carry out their orders with reference to parties in the Territory.

Winfield Courier, August 14, 1879.

The Cowley, Sumner & Ft. Smith railroad commenced laying track in this county Wednesday, Aug. 5th, p.m.

Winfield Courier, August 14, 1879.

Part of the men and machinery for the construction of the railroad bridge across the Walnut below Bliss’ mill have arrived and work was commenced yesterday morning.

[A. T. & S. F.]

Winfield Courier, August 21, 1879.

The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad company is one of the best and sounded corporations in the United States. It has probably more railroad track under its control than any one company. The main line from Atchison to Pueblo is 620 miles divided into three divisions viz: “Eastern, Atchison to Nickerson, 229 miles; middle, Nickerson to Sargent, 242 miles; and western, Sargent to Pueblo, 149 miles.”

There are six branches now on the time table, viz:

Kansas City to Topeka: 67 miles

Pleasant Hill to Cedar Junction: 44 miles

Emporia to Eureka: 47 miles

Florence to Eldorado: 29 miles

Newton to Wichita: 27 miles

La Junta to Las Vegas: 216 miles

Add Atchison to Pueblo: 820 miles

Total miles in operation: 1,050 miles

In addition to the above, there will be put in operation this year:

     Wichita to Arkansas City: 56 miles

Mulvane to Caldwell: 36 miles

Eureka to Howard: 35 miles

Florence to McPherson: 50 miles

Las Vegas to Albuquerque: 165 miles

Canon City to Leadville: 108 miles

Amount built in 1879: 450 miles

This will make 1,500 miles of road owned by this company. Besides this the company has leased the Denver & Rio Grande from Denver to Alamosa 210 miles; Pueblo to Canon City, 40 miles; Cucharas to El Moro, 40 miles.

The amount of work that this company under the supervision of General Manager Strong has done this year is incredible, when we consider the difficulties and obstacles it has encountered. Geo. O. Manchester, assistant general manager, has been an invaluable aid. W. F. White, the general passenger and ticket agent, is the right man in the right place, and indeed the whole corps of officers are each especially efficient, otherwise less would have been accomplished.


Arkansas City Traveler, August 27, 1879. Front Page.

                                         FROM THE INDIAN TERRITORY.

                                   STOCK ITEMS, HORSE STEALING, ETC.


It has been about one month since you heard from me, so I write again. You have heard by this time of the murder of the unknown man near Caldwell, at the crossing of the “Shawas-caspah,” on the road to Wellington. He was shot behind the ear with a small pistol, and then placed in a blanket and rolled in the brush. A freighter, happening to break his wagon tongue, went into the thicket to cut a pole, and discovered the body. No clue to the murderer has yet been found.

Caldwell still keeps improving. It is now incorporated as a city of the third-class, with efficient police force to quell the racket of the cowboy. They had their first show last week, being of a minstrel variety, with Van Kelso, formerly cook of the Central Avenue Hotel at Arkansas City, as one of the chief actors. About fifty Arapahos with wagons from Cheyenne Agency passed through town, on their way to Wichita after freight.

We had occasion to go into the Territory, and after a day and a half's journey from Caldwell, brought up at Drum's cattle ranche, at the mouth of Medicine Lodge Creek, where Prof. Norton used to trade with the Indians many years ago. It had been very dry, but since the rain the grass has sprung up like magic, and this section now is one of the finest grazing regions we have seen in all our travels; the grass is the alkali or buffalo, and very nutritious. Mr. Drum has 2,400 head that he holds with two herders. The wages of herders is $25 per month and board. Most cattle men have abandoned night herding, claiming the stock does better, and it is not necessary except in cases of storms. Major Drum's brand is U on the left shoulder. From Medicine Lodge we went to Clay Creek, where we found Mr. Bates, with 900 head of cows and calves, all looking well. He had been compelled to move camp for water, and the rain helped him, so that he can now make a choice of good ground. Mr. Bates is a merchant at Wellington, and leaves the entire care of the cattle to his two men. His brand is a triangle with T attached, placed on the right side of the animal.

From Bates' we went to Johnson's on Eagle Chief Creek. The range here had almost been destroyed for want of rain, and had it been much later would have compelled cattle men to keep out of that section entirely. Mr. Johnson has 1,900 head of stock cattle, and 1,600 more coming up the trail. The Kiowas and Comanches raided his herd as he was coming out of Texas last spring and stole 250 head of large cattle. He will endeavor to have the Agent make them pay for it. He has but three herders with the 1,600 head of cattle, and they seem to get along very well. His brand is 5 with a bar across the top, branded on the hip.

Mr. J. W. Short, on one of the western branches of Turkey Creek, just above where the Ellsworth trail crosses, has forty head of three and four year old cattle, which he offers for $14 per head, and 54 yearlings at $8 each. His two year olds he offers for $12. Here is a bargain for someone wanting to engage in stock. The cattle are half Texan and in good order.

Two men attempted to run off forty head of ponies last week, but were pursued by officers and several shots exchanged. The thieves got in the brush on Salt Fork and made their escape without the ponies.

The blacksmith soldier who deserted from Fort Reno, and took a horse with him, was caught at Wellington. He will probably go to the Leavenworth military prison for five years.

The Dodge City Times was mistaken about the Pawnees killing buffalo on Medicine Lodge Creek. There have been none in that region for more than a year. Deer, antelope, turkeys, and wolves are plentiful, with occasionally a stray elk or bear.

In attempting to cross the North Fork of the Canadian River on the 17th inst., while it was full from bank to bank, our horse mired down in the quicksand and left us to make our way to the shore with gun, saddle bags, etc., on our own back. We landed on the military reserve of Fort Cantonment, the new post, and were accosted by the provost guard, to whom we gave little satisfaction, not being in a humor to talk. He informed us that every person had to have a pass to travel through the Territory. We gently hinted that we preferred to talk with the commanding officer, and were escorted to him. Col. Dodge, being absent, we were not recognized by the new official, but was helped out of the dilemma by the appearance of the Post Scout, Amos Chapman, without producing our papers. Covered with mud and soaking with water, with a small arsenal attached to our person, we well might have been taken for almost any kind of a criminal.

The permanent buildings of the new Post are being erected of stone, on a small mound just north of the temporary post, in a more pleasant and healthy location. There are six companies here of the 23rd Infantry, formerly stationed at Fort Leavenworth. During the absence of Col. Dodge, Capt. George M. Randall, of Co. I, has command. The companies are A, C, D, G, I, and K. The balance of the regiment is at Camp Supply.

Mr. Keating, of Leavenworth, is Post Trader, and has a fine store and stock of goods. They have a saw mill, brick yard, one saloon, one blacksmith, and all the necessary tradesmen here. The health of the soldiers has not been very good, and several deaths have occurred during their short stay. About 23 have deserted this spring, and a number caught and brought back who attempted it. Mr. Bigford of Leavenworth has the hay and wood contract, and is paying laborers $25 per month and board. His contract to furnish wood at the Post is $1.00  per cord, and hay at $7 per ton. Corn retails at one dollar per bushel, and is hard to get. The suttlers say they would buy a quantity if it should be brought in. Board at the citizens' mess house is $5 per week. At the laborers', $2. There is not much amusement here, during the warm weather. In fact the 23rd is not so apt in making amusements as some other regiments. Yours, C. M.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 28, 1879 - Front Page.

                                Territorial Matters - The New Military Post, etc.

                                                  Another Letter from C. M.

                                  FORT CANTONMENT, I. T., August 13, 1879.

FRIEND MILLINGTON: Inasmuch as you have sent me paper and envelopes, I believe you are really anxious to hear from this section, and will endeavor to do my part towards adding to the interest of the COURIER; for I appreciate the fact that you are in earnest in the publication of the best paper in Kansas.

Fort Cantonment is a new military post, established in 1878, and is not completed yet. It is situated on the south side of the North Fork of Canadian River, eight miles below Barrel Springs; twenty miles below Sheridan's Roost, and thirty miles below Cottonwood Grove. It is 130 miles southwest of Winfield, and 160 miles from Wichita.

Fort Cantonment is a six-company Post, commanded by Lieut. Col. Dodge, of the 23rd Infantry. During the Colonel's absence on furlough, Capt. Geo. M. Randall, of Co. I, of Arizona and Indian fame, fills his place. The number of people at the Post, however, will not exceed 700, none of the companies being full; one company having only 27 men.

There are stationed here companies A, C, D, G, I, and K, commanded as follows.

Co. A, 23rd Infantry: Capt. Stilley.

Co. C, 23rd Infantry: Capt. Hallett.

Co. D, 23rd Infantry: Capt. Thos. Smith.

Co. G, 23rd Infantry: Capt. C. Wheatin.

Co. I, 23rd Infantry: Capt. G. W. Randall.

Co. K, 23rd Infantry: Capt. Goodale.

The country about the Post is sandy, with great groves of jack-oaks on the north, and cedar in the canyons, that afford the military wood and lumber. Limestone, building-stone, and sand are also to be found, so that the permanent structure of the Post can be made very substantial at a comparatively low cost.

A telegraph line is being made from Cantonment to Camp Supply and Fort Dodge; also to Fort Reno and Fort Sill. This has long been a “military necessity,” and will greatly facilitate matters in case of Indian troubles.

Corn retails at the sutler's store for $1.00 per bushel, and it is hard to get at that. Beef sells on the block at 5-1/2 cents per lb., and at 6-1/4 cents per lb. where it is cut up to suit purchases. Here and there we notice flour sacks with the brand of the Winfield mills, and quite often your citizens are inquired after.

A number of laborers are employed in making hay and cutting wood, for which they receive $25 per month and board. Mr. Bigford, of Leavenworth, has the hay contract at $7.00 per ton, and the wood contract at $4.90 per cord. A number of Arapaho Indians are engaged in cutting the wood. They were in need of more hands in the hay-field, yet ere this reached you I suppose the demand will be filled, as many parties returning from Leadville and Colorado come by this route to Texas, and are generally in need of money and work.

The sutlers complain of trouble in getting freight from Wichita, for which they pay $1.15 per cwt., for 160 miles of hauling. Most freighters take back a load of bones for which they get $9 per ton at Wichita, giving them a load each way. A ton of buffalo horns is worth $12.

In some sections, where white buffalo hunters operated, these bones are spread over the prairies like snow-flakes. And now that we are on the subject of bones and buffalo, let me give you an idea of the enormous destruction of the red man's cattle.

In the fall, when it is cool enough to keep hides with but little trouble, six or eight men will form a party and locate on the range; generally in the Pan Handle of Texas or south of Red river. They will be armed with Sharp's 16-lb. rifles, calibre 45; that is, the ball will be forty-five one-hundredths of an inch in diameter, and the gun a breech loader, carrying a ball 1700 yards or one mile. They go out regularly every morning and begin the slaughter—for buffalo in that region are always in sight. One man does the shooting and three skin; killing from twenty to forty buffalo a day to the man. When they have a load, they are hauled to Sherman, Texas, and sold for five or six cents a pound. The large bull hides will weigh forty pounds, and net $2.00 each, while those of the cow will weigh but twenty pounds. On an average these men calculate to make $100 per month above all expenses, and many have made that amount in one week, but they generally average $400 each during the four months of the hunting season.

There would have been a fortune for a man to have taken cans to the camps of these hunters, and saved the thousands of beeves left to rot on the prairie. Or if the tallow or tongues had been taken care of, or the meat even dried, it would have paid well and saved it from waste.

Within the past two years there has been comparatively little hunting, as the great mass of buffalo went into New Mexico in the spring of 1877, and have not returned. Old hunters conjecture that when they made the usual attempt to come north in the summer of 1878, it was so dry, and the grass so dried up on the Staked Plains that they could not.

The best hunting now, in the Indian Territory, is on the main Canadian, southwest of Fort Cantonment. There bear, elk, deer, antelope, and turkey are still plentiful, with an occasion­al buffalo now and then, and panthers, wolves, beaver, and otter. The Indians object to whites hunting in the Territory, and they have no authority to hunt there, yet they do. Yours, C. M.

Winfield Courier, August 28, 1879.

Large numbers of our citizens walked up to the railroad last Sunday. About twenty hands are employed on the railroad bridge, and are pushing it along right lively. A large number of rail­roaders were in town Tuesday and the number of plain drunks were quite numerous. There are some men in town who think that they can afford to wet their whistles fifteen or twenty times a day, consequently the flourishing condition of our wet-goods houses. The track is laid to Schwantes' creek, about 24 miles from town, and the cut is being made through the bluff west of town. Thirty days more will anchor the iron horse at “Winfield station.”

Why don't someone take hold and work up an excursion when the road gets in. The iron horse is within about three miles of town, and if we are going to have a grand blow-out, it is about time to start the thing along. Let us “excurst.”


Arkansas City Traveler, September 3, 1879 - Editorial Page.

                                                   Captain Secrist's Murder.

                                           CHETOPA, KANS., Aug. 19, 1879.

Captain Secrist's body has been found. A detail of sol­diers, who left Vinita, I. T., in search of Captain Secrist, conductor of the mail route, who has been missing for some weeks, found his body nearly eaten up by wolves about 180 miles south­west of Vinita, and about 20 miles from the stage line. A large bullet wound was discovered in his head. His body was identified by his clothing, and papers scattered near it. While out there the soldiers were told that there was a gang of some fifty desperadoes in the hills in the neighborhood, and they sent the soldiers word that if they wanted to see them, to come on.

If this band of cut-throats and robbers is as large as repre­sented; and we have good reason to believe it is for the Territo­ry is full of escaped horse thieves and murderers, the border towns of Kansas along the southern line are in great danger from frequent raids from them and some protection to these towns ought to be afforded by the United States authorities.

One town, Caneyville, has been successfully pillaged by them already, and if nothing is done to capture or prevent them they will try their hand on other and larger towns. Will the State or the government afford this protection, or shall these outlaws have things their own way and rob and murder at their pleasure?

The soldiers cannot find any trace of the other men who accompanied Captain Secrist. The supposition is they have also been murdered.

Winfield Courier, September 4, 1879.

Judge McDonald's “teaser” will scarcely be able to get into Congress through editorial work of the character he has been doing on the semi-occasionally for the past few weeks. Something else will be required to rescue him from the political oblivion to which the people have consigned him on account of his foolish and disgraceful course when last in the State Legislature. His political activity abroad will hereafter be limited to lying around the State Capital, at his own expense, full of beer during the sessions of the Legislature, for the purpose of “controlling Manning's vote.”

Winfield Courier, September 4, 1879.

The Southwestern Stage Company brought a splendid bus to town last week, which will run between here and the railroad.

Winfield Courier, September 4, 1879.

The depot for the A., T. & S. F. road is being pushed forward as fast as men and money can do it. It must be completed in thirty days.

Winfield Courier, September 4, 1879.

The railroad from the east is progressing rapidly. The heavy cut, in rock, at the summit of the Flint Hills, is well under way, and work is in progress this side of Grouse creek. We are informed that the track is laid nearly to Elk Falls. They will reach Winfield close upon the heels of the Santa Fe, if they continue building at the present rapid rate.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 10, 1879.

                                              ANOTHER FUTURE GREAT.

                  Arkansas City—Echoes of the Oklahoma “Boom”—A Live Town

                                                 and an Enterprising People.

                                          [Correspondence Kansas City Times.]

                                           ARKANSAS CITY, Aug. 28, 1879.

Fourteen miles by stage brought us to this place, where we arrived at about 8 p.m., and put up at the Central Avenue Hotel. We partook of a very generous supper, doing it ample justice after our evening ride. After supper we strolled up town, where we found our old friend Lieut. Cushman, of the 16th U. S. Infan­try, who, with his company, was quartered near the town. From him we obtained much interesting information relative to affairs across the border, and the Oklahoma “boom.”  Lieut. Cushman and his company have been acting as a post of observation at this point for several weeks, and have been on several scouts into the interior of the Indian country.

In the morning we perambulated around town, and found it to be a stirring place with plenty of sanguine business men and a sufficiency of business houses. The town is located upon a slight elevation, which has an ascending slope in every direc­tion. The town being situated upon the western frontier, and upon the southern border, contains a migratory element from both the frontier and the Indian country. This element is continually shifting, coming and going.

The permanent inhabitants, however, are of a class which, as law-abiding, peaceable citizens, and wide-awake, enterprising people, are behind the people of no town or city in the land. I found here business men who were energetic and wide awake to the interests of their place. The city has a beautiful and very fertile country surrounding it, and I learned, upon inquiry, that there had never yet been a failure of the wheat crop in this vicinity. The corn crop certainly looks extremely well, and we also saw numerous peach orchards, the trees of which were loaded with fruit.

The A., T. & S. F. R. R. is working toward Arkansas City, and the leading men of the place are positive that the road will be completed and trains running to that point within fifty days. The track is already laid to within two or three miles of Winfield, and the grading contract between Winfield and Arkansas City has already been let, and work will be begun at once. It seems to be the intention of the managers of the road to reach Arkansas City just as soon as possible. To this end, therefore, the bridges, mason, and trestle work along the line of road is progressing rapidly, and it is estimated that just as soon as the grading can be completed, the rails will be laid and the road finished. Arkansas City will then be one of the best—in fact, the best railroad town in Southwestern Kansas. Situated as it is, about the center of the line bordering the cattle district in the Indian Territory, and being easy of access from all points along the line, it has excellent advantages as a cattle shipping point.

A number of streams enter the Arkansas river at this place, just below the town, and in consequence the facilities for obtaining a plentiful supply of excellent water for stock is unsurpassed. The Arkansas river runs just to the west and southwest of the town, within half or three-quarters of a mile, and is skirted with a goodly supply of timber, as is also the Walnut, which runs to the east of the place, and empties into the Arkansas river just below town.

The grazing for miles around is excellent, and thousands of cattle may be herded the year round in close proximity to the place, and the grass supply seems to be inexhaustible. There is no doubt but Arkansas City will also be the main supply depot for the entire southern country just as soon as the railroad reaches it.

A large number of Indian agencies and trading posts lie southerly from here and will in the future be supplied from this point. Even at present large numbers of Indians, cattle men, herders from the Territory, cowboys from Texas, and a mixed floating population, come here for their supplies, and thee is no question but the Indian and other trade will grow surprisingly as soon as the railroad can bring in merchandise and take out cattle. The leading cattle men of the country are awake to the importance of this place as a shipping point, and are already busy making extensive preparations for conducting their business on a large scale.

There are two very fine brick church edifices here, and a school house of which some of the towns farther eastward, and of thrice its size, might well be proud. The place has the appear­ance of a thrifty but quiet town three times its age.

                                                                DE VERA.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 17, 1879.

The following letter concerning the advantages of Arkansas City was taken from the Drovers’ Journal, a daily paper published at the Union Stock Yards of Chicago. It is no paid “puff,” but the honest expressions of one who lately visited our city and contributed his views to the columns of the Journal, that his friends might see what he had seen. It is simply a statement of facts.

The following interesting letter describing a trip to the New West is from the pen of a commission merchant that has recently visited the Territory.

“Since my return from Southern Kansas a week ago, I have daily wanted to say to you that few sections of the great New West have advantages that compare with the Arkansas valley in the State of Kansas. The climate is all that could be desired—mild, salubrious, and healthy; soil cannot be excelled in fertility by any other section. The A., T. & S. F. R. R. is pursuing a liberal policy toward the public, who are true Western energetic people. The company is wide awake and pushing lateral lines, or feeders, North and South from their main line. Fine, thrifty farms and cities spring up as if by magic; where the buffalo roamed a few years ago at will unmolested, is now peopled with thousands of happy homes. For energy, thrift, and enterprise every town and city on the A., T. & S. F. R. R. is a worthy example.

“On the branch to Arkansas City, in Cowley County, is situated Sedgwick City, Wichita, and Winfield, all thriving, neat little cities, with a class of buildings for business purposes that would do credit to Illinois cities and towns of five times the age and triple the population. The terminus of this branch of the railroad will be at Arkansas City, near the Indian Terri­tory line, beyond which the company cannot build the road further South until the Congress of the United States and the Indians’ consent is obtained. This fact, together with its fine locality, being situated on a fine, high rise of land, overlooking as fine an agricultural region as is found in America, the trade of the Indian Territory will largely center here. The merchants, bankers, and produce traders are all good, sound, honorable business-men, as a sojourn with them of a day or two fully convinced us; they have that peculiar faculty of making strangers feel at home whenever they meet them. The cattle trade of the Territory and Northern Texas will largely drift to this point for shipment over the A., T. & S. F. R. R., which, with its liberal policy and business foresight, will be a principle factor in the great growing cattle trade of the Southwest. All its appoint­ments are simply first-class for passenger and freight traffic. Much older roads farther East might profit by copying the policy of this star railroad company.”


Arkansas City Traveler, September 17, 1879.

                                                          A Bold Robbery.

Mr. James Keith, who lives on Beaver Creek, near the State line, several miles east of Arkansas City, came into town last Thursday night, barefoot and almost worn out, giving evidence of having been pretty roughly used. From him the following story was obtained.

It seems that on Sunday, September 7, Mr. Keith started for home from Wellington, where he had received $500 by express from Eureka, Greenwood County. He rode as far as Grouse Creek that day, and at night stopped with J. O. Wilkinson. In the morning he mounted his horse and started for home. After riding about an hour, as near as he can recollect, a stranger stepped out of some bushes, and walking toward him, held out his hand, exclaiming:

“Why, how are you?”

Mr. Keith supposed he had met the man at some cattle camp, but did not recognize him. Instead of shaking hands, however, the stranger grasped the bridle, and just then a man came up from behind and struck Keith on the back of the head with a gun. Keith knew no more until they had him bound hand and foot in the bushes, where two more men were secreted, and where they kept him the entire day, threatening to blow his brains out in case he made any noise. After night they tied him to the horse, bucked and gagged him, and started toward the Territory. They crossed the Arkansas river, and about midnight, as near as he could judge, they stopped for a few minutes and brought him a piece of warm corn bread. This was the first he had eaten since breakfast at Wilkinson's, and all he ate until he reached town Thursday night. About three or four o'clock Tuesday morning the crossed some creek, which is supposed to be Deer creek. They stopped before daybreak in some timber, and here they kept Mr. Keith two days and nights, turning him loose early Thursday morning, after taking his boots from him and treating him most brutally.

It is needless to say his $500 was taken, together with all the loose change about him, amounting in all to $510. He was weak from long fasting and cruel treatment, and after walking all day in the direction they told him was home, he arrived in Bolton Township Thursday evening, almost dead from fatigue.

Rudolph Hoffmaster, Captain of the Stock Protective Union, started out with a few men Friday morning, and succeeded in finding Mr. Keith's horse on Wolf Creek, but could find no trace of the robbers. Mr. Keith has no idea who the robbers were. He says that only one man knew he had that much money in his posses­sion, but he does not suspect him for a moment.

Steps should be taken to stop the wholesale robbery and plunder practiced by the lawless men who roam in the Territory. Every few weeks we hear of some deed similar to the above, and as yet no one has been captured. There is evidently a gang of these men, with their headquarters in the Territory, who make it a business to rob men in the State and take refuge in the Nation. Should one of them happen to be caught by a Cowley County vigi­lance committee, there would be fun for the boys.

Winfield Courier, September 18, 1879.

The work on the railroad bridge went on at full blast all day Sunday.

Winfield Courier, September 18, 1879.

Ye local had the pleasure of a ride behind L. J. Webb's roadsters, last Saturday evening, taking in the depot, railroad bridge, and Bliss mill in the rounds. The south pier of the railroad bridge will be finished by Wednesday, when both gangs will be put on the north pier, and will be worked night and day until it is completed. Mr. Lewis, the contractor, informed us that he intended to have the piers ready for the bridge by the 27th.

Winfield Courier, September 18, 1879.

                                                        Walnut Valley Fair

                                Opens at Winfield Fair Grounds on Sept. 30, '79,

                                                                 WITH A

                                                  Grand Railroad Excursion.

The Cowley, Sumner and Fort Smith railroad will bring in large excusion trains loaded with visitors to celebrate the opening of their road to Winfield.

                                                     A GRAND BARBECUE

will be given on the fair grounds on that day, free to the immense crowd that is expected. Toasts and speeches will be in order. Complete arrangements have been made to insure complete success and general enjoyment. Each day of the five days of the fair will have special attractions in trials of speed and in various other ways. On Thursday, the fourth day of the fair,

                                                 GOVERNOR J. P. ST. JOHN

will deliver the occasional address. One of the attractions of the occasion will be the

                                                   BALLOON ASCENSION.

It will be the largest balloon in the world, sixty-five feet in diameter and ninety feet in height. It is secured at a very large expense, and the proprietor will come with it from Chicago and superintend the ascension. The day is not yet definitely fixed, but probably Tuesday or Wednesday. It will certainly come off one day of the fair. The officers and managers have worked faithfully, and have left nothing undone to make this fair the grandest affair that ever come off in the

                                                     GREAT SOUTHWEST.

Let everybody turn out and have a grand old time. Arrangements will be made if possible for a free excusion from the fair grounds to Wichita and return on the same day during the fair, possibly Tuesday or Wednesday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 24, 1879.

Dr. H. J. Minthorn, of Iowa, will locate in Arkansas City about the first of October. The doctor is a thoroughly educated physician, of several years' practice, and we believe will render entire satisfaction in his profession to our people. He is a brother-in-law to Agent Miles, of the Osage Agency, and will prove an excellent citizen.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 24, 1879. Front Page.

George Eaton, who lives 60 miles south of Coffeyville, in the Cherokee Nation, had a valuable mare stolen from on the night of June the 10th last. Last Monday Judge Tibbils saw her passing through the town, and recognizing her, halted the man in posses­sion and took the mare from him. Ample proof of the ownership and larceny was made before Esq. R. M. Ross, and the man who gave his name as D. Logan, and hails from Arkansas City, took his departure, leaving the mare with the Judge. Chautauqua Journal.

Winfield Courier, September 25, 1879.

Something less than a thousand people visited the railroad last Sunday. The sight of the locomotive seemed to fully repay them for their trouble.

Winfield Courier, September 25, 1879.

The excursion from Wichita and Wellington to the opening of our fair promises to be an immense affair. The railroad people are bound to bring all who wish to come, if it takes three locomotives to haul them.

Winfield Courier, September 25, 1879.

                                                  WALNUT VALLEY FAIR

Opens at Winfield Fair Grounds on Sept. 30, '79, With a Grand Railroad Excursion.

          Winfield to have the Biggest Time Ever Known in the Annals of Cowley Co.

City Authorities of Wichita, Wellington, Arkansas City, other points, will be present.

                      GRAND MILITARY DRILL BY THE 15TH CO., K. S. M.,

                                                 OF WICHITA, AT 11 A.M.

                    Excursion for the Cowley County People Leaves at 12:30 P.M.,

                                Goes to Mulvane and Returns at 4 o'clock P.M.

The committee appointed to make arrangements for the recep­tion of the excursionists next Tuesday, met at the council chamber, Monday. The following is the programme decided upon.

Railroad Trains.

Excursion Trains start at 8 a.m. from Wichita and Welling­ton, arriving at Winfield at 10 a.m. Excursion Train for Winfield and Cowley County starts at 12:30 p.m., going to Mulvane and back, arriving at Winfield at 4:30 p.m. Return Trains to Wichita and Wellington leave Winfield at 5 p.m.

Carriages will be furnished at the depot to carry excursion­ists to any part of the City or Fair Grounds as desired. A committee upon the down train will sell Fair tickets and distribute carriage tickets to excursionists.

Free Barbecue Dinner. At the Fair ground at 12 m.

Grand Military Drill. By 15th Co., K. S. M., of Wichita, in full uniform—commanded by Captain L. N. Woodcock, at 11 a.m.

Procession. Will form  at Depot and march through the principal streets of the city, and thence to Fair ground.

Order of March.

1. Military Band.

2. Military Company.

3. Wichita Fire Department.

4. Saxe Horn Band.

5. Mayors and Councilmen of Wichita, Wellington,

         Arkansas City, and Winfield in carriages.

6. Railroad Officials in carriages.

7. Foreign excursionists in carriages.

8. Citizens of Cowley county in conveyances.

Congratulatory Speech. By Hon. J. Wade McDonald, at 10:45 a.m.

Marshal of the Day. Gen. A. H. Green.

    By order of the Executive Com., M. G. TROUP, Chairman. E. C. MANNING, Secretary.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 1, 1879.

Those who are unacquainted with the Texas cattle drive, and the country 20 miles south, know very little of what has been going on near home for the last few months. We advise this class to drive down and view the trails that have been made by the cattle drive from Pond Creek, to Chetopa and Coffeyville. Through that section of the Territory, the trails run parallel, covering an area of miles north and south that will demonstrate to the thoughtful something of the magnitude of this trade. The present season has forced the practical man to the conclusion that the trails to Caldwell and Dodge City are too far west for a good range and abundant water. For some time local interests at these points have sought to cover these facts; but the time has arrived when the question of local interest is but a drop in the bucket when weighed in the balance of this immense traffic. On the completion of the Santa Fe road, and the erection of good stock yards at this place, our town is happily situated to secure this trade. The route from Pond Creek to Arkansas City is abundantly watered, and well supplied with grass. No better range can be found in the Territory than the section south of this, while within the limits of the county exist some of the best corn and wheat lands in the West.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 1, 1879.

                                                           JIM BARKER.

We refer our readers to the dispatch stating that the notorious desperado Jim Barker, who, with a small gang of follow­ers, robbed Caneyville some time since, has been captured by a party of Cherokees in the Indian Territory. Now let the Governor fork over the five hundred dollars reward to the brave men who risked their lives in capturing the kind of desperadoes. This will undoubtedly break up the nomadic band of murderers and thieves who have held a high carnival of crime in the Territory for some time past, defying the laws of justice as well as the officers of the Federal Government.


The following dispatch to the Kansas City Times explains itself, and will be glad news to the people all along the border of the Indian Territory.

COFFEYVILLE, Kas., Sept. 26. Jim Barker, the Caneyville robber, has just been brought in. He was taken by a posse of Cherokees. They wounded him before his capture.

                                                    ANOTHER ACCOUNT.

COFFEYVILLE, Kas., Sept. 26. A posse of Cherokees have just arrived with the notorious desperado, Jim Barker, who was shot six times on Bird creek, Cherokee Nation. Great excitement exists.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 1, 1879.

Lieut. Barrett's detachment that has been stationed here for some months has been ordered to Ft. Riley.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 1, 1879.

Lieut. Cushman, who went into the Territory some time ago to look after the outlaws, has returned.


Winfield Courier, October 2, 1879.

                               Sedgwick and Sumner Counties Enthuse With Us.

Tuesday was a day long to be remembered by our citizens. Long before the time advertised for the arrival of the excursion train, the ground around the depot was crowded with Cowley's people waiting to welcome the people of Sumner and Sedgwick who were coming to celebrate with us the completion of our first railroad. The city officials were there marshaling their commit­tees to take charge of the ladies, every available vehicle in town being pressed into service to accommodate them. All were on the tip-toe of expectation when the news flashed over the wires that the Wichita train had passed Mulvane, and that there were four hundred ladies and twelve hundred men on board, with the Wellington train just behind with as many more. Then it was that our people realized the full extent of the inundation about to take place. Arrangements had been made to accommodate about five hundred people, but when they began to drop down on us one and two thousand at a time, all these arrangements were upset, and a majority of the people had to get off the train and make their way to town the best way they could.

The procession was formed at the depot, headed by the Wichita Guards and the Wichita Fire Company, followed by a carriage containing the orator of the day, then the city authori­ties of Wichita, Wellington, and Winfield, followed by the Wichita cornet band and ladies in carriages. The procession was fully a mile long. At the grounds Judge McDonald delivered a speech of welcome, which was highly spoken of by all who heard it, and fully sustained the high reputation which he has won as an orator.

After the speech the crowd dispersed for dinner. A table had been prepared for the militia and fire company, and the crowd repaired to the barbecue, where there was plenty for all. After dinner there was a grand drill by the Wichita Guards under Capt. Woodcock, who acquitted themselves nobly. The dance in the evening, for the benefit of our visitors (?) was well attended, a good many of the Wichita people being present by virtue of an invitation issued by the ball committee that their “uniforms would be their passports,” but which proved to be a pretext for making a dollar a piece out of them. With the exception of the ball, and the change in the time of starting the Cowley county excursion train, everything passed off splendidly.

We are sorry that our space does not admit of a more extend­ed account of all that transpired. The crowd from Wichita and Wellington was estimated at four thousand.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 8, 1879. Editorial Page.

One of the great needs of Southern Kansas is a law giving the Federal court in this State concurrent jurisdiction over the Indian Territory. The inconvenience arising from transporting criminals from the western part of the Territory to Ft. Smith for trial is too great to protect either the Indian or the white man, and as a consequence, hundreds of outlaws are allowed to go unmolested who would otherwise be brought to speedy justice. The old idea that a judicial district created for territorial inter­ests solely, is to our mind, hardly practical as it would be a jump at civilization that the Indian is not qualified to meet. Such a court would frequently call for a trial of the white man as well as the Indian by jury, and would be simply placing a panel of Indians in a jury box to try the white race. Let's make the attempt to secure the enactment of a law to give Kansas concurrent jurisdiction over the Indian Territory. What say you newspaper men?

Arkansas City Traveler, October 8, 1879.

Dr. Minthorn has purchased a tract of ground of Robert Mitchell, Esq., northwest of town, and is building a residence. The Dr.'s card appears in this issue of the TRAVELER.


     Office in A. A. Newman's brick building.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 8, 1879.

The Walker Brothers, who have lately established a cattle ranche on Greasy creek, Indian Territory, have lost all of their hay by fire set out by the Indians. This is one of the greatest troubles of cattle men in the Territory.

Winfield Courier, October 9, 1879.

The S. K. & W. railroad bridge across the Walnut is being pushed forward. It will be 200 feet long, set on three piers.

Winfield Courier, October 9, 1879.

On the 10th, tomorrow, we expect the mails will commence to be carried by railroad. This will give us communications with the outer world practically one day earlier than heretofore.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 15, 1879 - FRONT PAGE.

                                                   In Southwestern Kansas.

Railroads are penetrating every section of Southwestern Kansas, and in a few months that beautiful and fertile section of our State will be supplied with abundant transportation facili­ties. The A. T. & S. F. Co. has completed the extension of its Wichita line to Winfield and to Wellington, and these two roads—which branch near the Sumner county line—are being extended southward from Winfield to Arkansas City. The A. T. & S. F. Co. also has a branch completed from Emporia to Eureka, and this line is being extended through Elk County. The L. L. & G. extension from Independence has been completed to Elk Falls, and grading is progressing westward to the Cowley County line. The St. Louis & San Francisco Road is completed from Oswego to Cherryvale, and graded up the Neosho Valley to Fredonia, Wilson County. Work on the Missouri Pacific from Paola, southwest, is being energetical­ly prosecuted, and this company is evidently determined on building a long line through Kansas. It has secured local aid in Miama, Coffey, and Woodson counties, and now has agents in Greenwood and Butler. The completion of all these lines—and they are all legitimate enterprises—will give Southwestern Kansas the best possible transportation facilities. Champion.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 15, 1879.

We acknowledge the receipt of a complimentary to the mili­tary hop, on Thursday night at the City Hotel. Lieutenant Cushman and his detachment are renowned for doing whatever they undertake in the best style, and those who attend will be sure of a good time.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 15, 1879.

The following letter from the Acting Commissioner we publish as interesting reading for those who have held adverse opinions. We are advised that the department will also revoke the order granting the privilege of grazing in the Territory.

                                            DEPARTMENT OF INTERIOR.

                                             OFFICE OF INDIAN AFFAIRS.

                                           WASHINGTON, Sept. 23rd, 1879.

H. D. REESE, Tahlequah, C. N., Indian Territory.

SIR: I am in receipt, by your reference, of a communication to you from J. R. Russell and others asking to be informed whether Cherokees are allowed to live on the Cherokee lands west of the Arkansas river, until it is appropriated for the settle­ment of other Indians.

In reply I have to inform you that the Cherokees will not be permitted to settle and reside in the country west of 96, known as the Cherokee outlet. Very Respectfully,

                                           E. J. BROOKS, Acting Commissioner.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 15, 1879.

The military captured ten desperadoes last Wednesday at the mouth of the Cimarron river. This makes twenty-two of the outfit that have been captured during the last two weeks.

Winfield Courier, October 16, 1879.

A grand military ball is to be given by Lieutenant Cushman's command at Arkansas City, Thursday evening. Many of our young folks will attend, and we predict that all will have a good time, as Lieutenant Cushman knows how to entertain his guests.

Winfield Courier, October 16, 1879.

The County Commissioners on Monday delivered to Joab Mulvane, the first installment of bonds due the C. S. & F. S. railroad company, amounting to seventy-two thousand dollars, and received in exchange therefor seventy-two shares, of one thousand dollars each, of capital stock of that road.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 22, 1879.

Work on the railroad grade is progressing through the bottom north of town.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 22, 1879.

The crossing on the railroad grade southeast of town is in bad condition and should receive the attention of the dads.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 29, 1879.

Dr. Minthorn's family have arrived and settled in their new home northwest of town near Hon. C. R. Mitchell's. The Dr. is a thorough physician, having graduated at the Jefferson college, Pennsylvania, also at the State Medical University of Iowa. Give him a call when you need a physician and he will render you efficient service.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 29, 1879.

We understand that Dr. H. J. Minthorn has decided to make Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas, his home. In leaving this neighborhood of which he has been a member for over twenty years, and in which he practiced his profession for the past six years, the doctor leaves behind him a large circle of friends, who, while they regret to lose him, wish him a large measure of success in his new field of labor. Having been very successful in his practice as well as in building up a large business, we hope a still wider field of usefulness may be opened to him in his chosen locality. West Branch Local Record.

Winfield Courier, October 30, 1879.

The postmaster at Winfield is notified by the Department that the mails from Wichita and the East will be delivered at this office by the railroad on and after the 15th of November. The Stage company will then carry the mail between Winfield and Arkansas City; and Oxford will be supplied direct from Winfield.

The mails will close at 7-1/2 o'clock, p.m., and will be distributed ready for delivery at 7-1/2 a.m.

The postmaster desires to call the attention of the patrons of this office to the fact that the hours for attending to Money Order and registry business are from 8 o'clock, a.m., to 4 o'clock, p.m., and while he is desirous to accommodate at other hours, when possible, it occasions him a large amount of extra work by disarranging the balances of the day in the same manner it would the work of a bank.

Winfield Courier, October 30, 1879.

The L., L. & G. branch railroad is progressing rapidly. The track is laid several miles west of Elk Falls, the grading is nearly completed to Winfield. The bridge at Winfield is pro­gressing and grading is being done all along to Oxford.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 12, 1879.

The portion of a company of U. S. troops so long quartered here, received marching orders for Ft. Riley in the fore part of the week, and left for that point. The boys made many acquain­tances while here, were orderly and well behaved, and go away with the best wishes of our citizens.

Winfield Courier, November 13, 1879.

The line of the east and west road runs through the north cemetery, and yesterday the association was engaged in removing the bodies from that part of the ground comdemned for railroad purposes.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 19, 1879.

                                                       The Indian Territory.

While the question of the relation of the government to, and its dealings with the Indians, seems now at this time to be the all absorbing topic, the most interesting question to the states bordering on the Indian Territory today is to know whether treaties made by a government with its own subjects are to be made a pretext to debar States disconnected from each other by such rights as are claimed by these bands of savages, from that international commerce which it is our just right to claim, and which our people emphatically demand.

Below us in a sister state are inexhaustible beds of coal and some of the finest timber in the world. We have a grain raising section exceeded nowhere in the United States. We demand their products, and they demand ours. At the gateway and ready to connect us is a railway company and railway enterprise. But we are told that we cannot reach this desirable end because certain tribes of Indians hold their lands jointly and the government has agreed not to disturb them.

We hold that all parties protected by this government have yielded up certain rights and claims for the good of all. That a treaty of a government with its own subjects is an anomalous thing at best. That Indians or negroes have no more nor less rights than white men under this government, that if the state backed by the power of the United States, can by force under law, appropriate the land of any man in our state, for the good of the state, and of other states, we have the same right to demand that no people, white or black, have any right to bar our trade and commerce with sister states, whose products we need and who are ready to interchange.

Closing we say the people of this grand valley from the mountains to the mouth of the river demand that an outlet shall be opened from the mountains to the sea, that they may be placed upon the grand trunk line from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and they feel that no location of partially civilized Indians, upon particular bodies of land, is a sufficient excuse for the loss to which they are subject.


Winfield Courier, November 20, 1879.

Notwithstanding the very slow time made, it seems that more passengers come to and leave Winfield on the freight trains, which leave about noon and arrive between 5 and 6 o'clock, p.m., than come and go on the regular passenger and express trains. Some intima-tions have been heard of an intention of the railway company to put on another fast train each way daily to accommo­date this travel.

To persons who wish to visit Kansas City and places further east, the present passenger trains are exactly what is wanted, for these trains connect with the trains on the roads further east, but for persons who wish to go to any other part of this state, a train which should leave and arrive 12 hours earlier and 12 hours later, and make the same time, would save much time and money. Knowing well the energy and enterprise of the managers of the Santa Fe railroad, we could readily believe that this im­provement will be effected in a reasonable time.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 26, 1879.

Dr. Minthorn intends to go to the Ponca Agency to reside, as he has been employed by Agent Whiteman as physician at that place.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 27, 1879 - Front Page.

                                         Outlaws Captured -- Territory Affairs.

ED. COURIER: Matters in the Territory have quieted down, somewhat, since Major Davis, of I Company of 4th Cavalry, sta­tioned at Ft. Sill, made the raid on the outlaws on the Canadian and mouth of the Cimmaron. One desperate, hard-looking character was caught in the brush on the Canadian, near Johnson's store, and two others not far below. Seven were taken in at the dash at the mouth of the Cimmaron, and two escaped. The whole number, giving their names as Milton M. Lukens, Newton Scrimpshire, Andrew W. Woffard, Clay Collins, Lindsey Collins, James Arcena, Eck Ross, Samuel Ryder, and John W. Wilson, were taken to Fort Sill to await identification.

Lieutenant Patch had his leg crushed by his horse shying against a tree, and it had to be amputated. He is now at Pawnee Agency under treatment of the company surgeon.

Hereintofore these men have terrified the residents of the Territory, and as they represented a strong force, no one man cared to interfere with them, but now that they have been routed, the citizens declare that they shall not come back, and have organized and armed a vigilant committee to see that they do not.

The early burns have sprouted up with fresh green grass in the southern part of the Territory, and stock is doing well on it. King's herd of 1,200 ponies are wintering on Pond Creek, near the stage “ranche.” They will be driven to the Nebraska and Iowa market in the spring. It is a mistake about there being no ponies to be driven from Texas next summer, on account of the low prices in the Kansas market. They have to go. Almost all the water privileges in the state are being fenced up and the stock will have to be thinned out. The Trinity, Brazos, and other streams are almost entirely fenced, as well as all the smaller streams. A good rain fell about Oct. 1st, but not enough to swell the streams to last during the winter. C. M. Scott

Arkansas City Traveler, December 3, 1879.

                                                              That Bridge.

ED. TRAVELER. I read with great satisfaction the article in last week's TRAVELER relating to the miserable condition of the bridge across the Arkansas. I have heard consider-able comment in Bolton township on this subject, and we all agree that the TRAVELER has expressed our views on this subject exactly. In reading the Democrat last Saturday I noticed a reply to the TRAVELER article by the trustee of Creswell township that looks more like an effort to vindicate his actions while he has been in office than to show that the bridge is sound and safe, which everybody knows it is not.

Now we are ready to give Walton and Sample due praise for all they have done to keep the old thing upon stilts; but the fact is, all the same, that though scores of teams have daily crossed over without damage, the south span is in a very unsafe condition, and it is the judgment of our best mechanics that it has never been safe since the high water, and is liable to fall most any time.

If the trustee will inquire, he will find that able men as represent the Santa Fe railroad company examined the south span of the bridge and reported that it was in a very unsafe condition for even unloaded wagons to pass over, and this less than sixty days ago.

Several teams have nearly been killed on the south span by the floor of the bridge springing up when the team would chance to step upon the center, because the middle stringer had rotted and fell out. No longer ago than July last, the trustee acknowl­edged the unsafe condition of the bridge by nailing to its timbers in large letters “condemned.”

I do not credit the report that “The trustees are opposed to repairing the bridge and want to see it go down because they have interest west of Arkansas City and want to see the principal crossing of the river on that side of the city.” It is my honest judgment that they have done what they could to keep the crazy old thing from plunging into the depths of the river.

If my communication is not already too long, I would like to add that at a late meeting held in this township to consider the railroad question, a very small number were present, neither did the resolutions express the voice of any respectable number of the township.

Frank Lorry, whom everybody knows, has tried with the sweat of his brow for the last five years to tickle himself into some little notoriety, attempted to run the meeting by pawing and bellowing like an old stag. He got the floor and his terrible wrath soon began to kindle into flame, and the way he went for the people over in Creswell township resembled a flea in a flannel shirt. Frank has a voice that growls like muffled thunder, and whenever he strikes out for a foe, he plunges like the male gender of a Texas calf, and bawls for the sweet pap in the public teat. As soon as he is weaned, we shall hear less of him. More Anon.

                                                         E. Bolton Township.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 3, 1879.

ED. TRAVELER. The people of Bolton are under obligations to you for calling attention to that old rotten hulk dominated south end of the bridge. Why the trustees of Bolton and Creswell tolerate an old Bender drop like the old bridge is beyond the comprehension of ordinary mortals. The only solution must be, that they need a little coffee money, and can earn it easier by repairs than any other way. Or, are they influenced by hash money from those who haven't any freighting to do and care nothing for the lives, limbs, or property of the citizens of Bolton and Creswell. Continue in your good work until a new bridge is built and the masses will thank you. A. S.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 3, 1879.

                                                             East Creswell.

EDITOR TRAVELER. I notice that the TRAVELER is striking at the unsafe condition of our public bridges and while on this subject I would speak a word about the terrible condition of the floor in the Walnut bridge. The people in East Creswell are all obliged to go to town, more or less, and those who pass over the bridge are obliged to dodge around the holes. The people over here would like to see those whose business it is to look after such matters give it close enough attention so that a man of ordinary size can pass over and not fall through. J. T.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 3, 1879.

Welcome, a hundred welcomes, to the Santa Fe railroad company. The construction train has crossed the south bridge at Winfield and is pushing down to our town at the rate of a mile a day. Now is a good time to take steps for a grand celebration in honor of this occasion. Give the railroad officials a hearty welcome and we will receive their friendship in return.

We are advised that an excursion train will pull out soon after the completion of the road to this city and a crowd of people will embrace the opportunity to come down and see what we are doing. Let's show them that we are a live, progressive people, and that we are building a town here with advantages that invite all avocations to come and share with us.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 3, 1879.

It appears that the township trustees can't endure to have the old bridge criticized, and last week, in the patent innards across the street, give the old fraud a health certificate.

The communications to the TRAVELER this week tend to show that those who pass over the bridge, when compelled to come to town, don't have the confidence in it that a democrat always places in a bologna sausage, and hence the difference of opinion.

We feel an interest in the progress and prosperity of this city and whatever tends to render our highways of travel unsafe should be changed for the better. If this city is to be blessed with a large and healthy trade, every avenue leading here must be accessible to the public.

The railroad company propose to make a liberal donation towards building a new span in place of the old one; not because they are under any compulsion, but for the plain reason that it is the only wise policy for corporations that solicit freight and transportation to render the public the best means of reaching them.

We attach no blame to the trustee for trying to make the bridge passable, and no doubt he has done all that any trustee could do; but what we do say is that the railroad company's offer should be made available and those who expect to reap great advantages from the growth of the town should see that the new span is built.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 3, 1879.

There will be a meeting of the citizens of the town on Thursday night, Dec. 4th, at the office of Mitchell & Huey, for the purpose of taking preliminary action to welcome and celebrate the completion of the Santa Fe railroad. Turn out gentlemen and help enthuse.

Winfield Courier, December 4, 1879.

On Monday evening the council passed a resolution instruct­ing the Marshal to close and keep closed the numerous gambling establishments, which have, since the advent of a railroad, sprung up in our midst.

Winfield Courier, December 4, 1879.

Last Sunday morning W. J. Hodges shipped twenty-five car loads of hogs by special train to Kansas City. This is the largest lot of stock ever shipped from Cowley county at one time.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 10, 1879.

Now that the railroad is completed, it is the part of wisdom to open avenues and make tributary to this point every part that can bring trade to our city. A practical route for freight and mail service should be opened in the most direct line from this place to Fort Sill as well as Osage Agency. Much of the road, as now traveled to the Agency, is rough and rocky and several miles indirect. This can be measurably avoided by leaving the line road about ten miles east of Grouse and crossing Beaver creek at a point where the cattle trail crosses the same. From there to Samuel Beveniew's in a southwest direction is an excellent road.

The road the remainder of the way to the Agency could be greatly improved with very little work, and convenience and comfort secured for the outlay. The supplies that go to the Osage are large and are now mostly freighted via Coffeyville. It is to the interest of this town to turn this travel and freight in this direction and we believe, that with a proper showing, it can be done.

Then again take the route to Ft. Sill. A good road should be opened from this place direct to Jones' ranche on the Cimarron. This would intersect the road running south from Caldwell. The surface of the country on this route is smooth; in fact, it can be made a dry divide road, while wood and water is plenty.

This is a subject worth not only discussion, but prompt action.

With the line of railroad to our town we ought to be able to influence the trade and shipment of most of the supplies that reach Ft. Sill.

There is no reason why other towns should come in and take the lions share in this trade while we possess better advantages than they. If our merchants, mechanics, freighters, and busi­nessmen will come together and discuss these questions, we are sure practical work will come of it. Now is the time to awake from the old Rip Van Winkle slumber and take advantage of oppor­tunities. What say you gentlemen, will you do it?

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 10, 1879.

                                    To the Township Board of Bolton Township.

Messrs. W. B. Skinner, Frank Lorry, and all other citizens of Bolton.

From many conversations with you and from the tone of the resolu­tions and communications published in the newspapers, I am convinced you wish to be relieved of your liabilities of future repairs, and the erection of a new portion to the south end of the bridge.

I have talked to a great many of the citizens of Arkansas City in regard to this bridge controversy, and I am confident that the city will do what is right and that she will at any time you may choose, meet your township board, and any committee you may select, and at said conference agree in regard to the bridge and the cattle drive. I feel sure by taking this course you can save many dollars in future taxes.

I know if Bolton will permit cattle to be driven at all times of the year, on and over the trail to the Arkansas river, during next summer, or so long as Mr. W. B. Strong may so desire, in that event this city will agree to, and will erect anew, that part at the south end where the old part now stands.

Now, gentlemen of Bolton, what say you? Do you wish to get rid of the old bridge? Will you consent to the cattle drive?

There is no use in so much talk and no action. I mean business, and if you mean business, come over, or if you won't come, and wish us to meet you in Bolton, name the time and place, and let's understand ourselves and settle definitely our present and future interests in this matter, and may there be peace on both sides of the turbulent Arkansas river for many days.          M. R. LEONARD.

Arkansas City, Dec. 8th, 1879.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 10, 1879.

                                                          Bridge Question.

Editor Traveler:

SIR: I have written some articles lately as an official of Cresswell township, which I deemed necessary in justice to Mr. Sample and myself, and now I wish to offer a few words as a citizen of the southern part of the county, in regard to matters in controversy between a portion of the citizens of Bolton township and Arkansas City; matters which say the Winfield papers are representing as very serious indeed, but which I think will be settled without any of their assistance whatever.

I find in a recent issue of the Semi-Weekly a set of resolu­tions purporting to represent Bolton Township feeling, handed into the paper by Frank Lorry, with the statement that they were refused by the home papers  Let us see now as to the action of the home papers. I myself asked Mr. Dewesse, whose name is appended to the resolutions as chairman, about them. And he said he did not know anything about them, and he would not publish them. He did not believe it was the sentiment of Bolton.

Here is a quotation from a recent issue of the TRAVELER, the writer of which I believe to be one of the most prominent in advocating what he believes to be for the best interests of Bolton.

“If my communication is not already too long, I would like to add that a late meeting held in this township to consider the railroad question, a very small number were present, neither did the resolution express the voice of any respectable number of the township.”

Now this gentleman was at the meeting; and if his statement is true, then what shall we think of the man who rushes to Winfield to do his printing.

Now let us say a few words in regard to a square, honest, manly understanding of the differences in this controversy, and then go to work in a square, manly way to settle the questions  I would suggest first, that as full a meeting of the citizens of Bolton as can be called together meet at some central point, that a full delegation of the citizens of this city meet with them, and consider every proposition which they have to make. That in the mean-time the work on the road which has been agreed on be thoroughly prosecuted, that the bridge as it stands be put in shape that there can be no possible quibble about danger in passing over it, and immediate measures be inaugurated for one or more new spans as soon as the city can command the ability to accomplish it.

Let a committee of citizens from both townships take into consideration what will be for the best interests of all knowing it is the intention of the city to do all in her power to induce and hold trade.

I am satisfied that the people of Bolton will only insist upon that which they have a right to demand, and which is their just due if they are forced to come to this side of the river with their produce. Am I right, in the language of the great, “let us have peace.”

                                                             A. WALTON.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 10, 1879.

Editor Traveler:

What has happened? How or when did Winfield learn that we are to have a railroad down here? Listen to the last Courier. “Track laying on the extension to Arkansas City has commenced, etc.” Why, dear friends, over in Winfield, let us tell you that this railroad started from Wichita to come here and never intend­ed to make anything but a way station of your town, and it was always intended that this city should be the terminus of the road, for a time at least.

To all our Winfield friends we extend an invitation to embrace the first opportunity to visit our beautiful city, and see what a live place it is. We hope none of you will be dis­couraged thereby, and cease your efforts to build up your own town, because in a few years at farthest, we expect to take you in as one of the suburbs of our growing city. Do not relax your efforts a particle, and then when we are all united in one grand city, you can congratulate yourselves that you did something toward building up the grand city of the southwest.

It is already said you are so wealthy and take such an interest in Bolton township that you have offered to assist the railroad company to build through that township to the state line. No doubt these are slanderous reports gotten up to injure you, but a few men of Bolton have become so excited over the idea of having a railroad in the township that there is a danger that they will do something desperate while under the impression that Winfield will foot all bills. These excited citizens do not wait to consider the impracticability of having cattle pens two or three miles from water, as well as some other bad features in the matter. They ought to know at once that you will not be account­able, peculiarly, for any further trouble or expense and all the world may know that the terminus of the railroad is at Arkansas City.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 10, 1879.

At a bridge meeting held at Spring Side school house, it was resolved that our trustee be requested not to expend any more money on the old part of the bridge, as said bridge is regarded as unsafe and in an unsound condition.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 10, 1879.

The track has been laid south of Winfield towards Arkansas City on the Santa Fe railroad, and will be completed to the terminus about the holidays, as it has only about six miles remaining to be laid.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 10, 1879.

The mechanics are hard at work building the depot, and it will be finished about the 25th. The building is 20 feet by 80, or the same size of those at Wellington and Winfield. The tool house for the section hands is completed.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 10, 1879.

Kansas has 78 townships along the Indian Territory, and measures 468 miles long. It has 25 townships east of the 6th principal meridian and 43 west of it. Arkansas City is four miles west of the 97th meridian and 3 ranges or 18 miles east of the 6th principal meridian.

Camp Supply is 150 miles west of Arkansas City and 36 miles south, or 186 miles distant. It is situated between Wolf and Beaver creeks that make the head of the North Canadian.

Fort Cantonment is ten townships south and sixteen town­ships west, or one hundred and fifty-six miles distant from Arkansas City.

Fort Reno is 130 miles southwest.

Arkansas City is the supply point for 14,342 Indians, besides the U. S. soldiers at different forts, and the cattlemen and cowboys of the Territory.

                                                            C. M. SCOTT.

Winfield Courier, December 11, 1879.

Capt. C. M. Scott returned from an extended trip in the Territory last Thursday. The adventures which the Captain encounters during these scouts would make an interesting novel.

Winfield Courier, December 11, 1879.

The trackmen on the A., T. & S. F. are laying rail toward Arkansas City at the rate of a mile a day, Sunday including. They expect to run into the depot at that place by the 15th inst.

Winfield Courier, December 11, 1879.

At a business meeting of the “Winfield Rifles,” last Friday evening, a uniform was adopted and committees appointed to make arrangements for a grand ball to be given under the auspices of the company on Christmas night.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 17, 1879.

At a meeting in Bolton township last Friday night, Deacon Skinner introduced resolu-tions that were adopted, whitewashing the action of Frank Lorry on railroad questions, and appointing a committee of conference to consult with citizens of Cresswell township relative to the policy to be passed towards the bridge and other business as may be important to both townships.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 17, 1879.

It is a very common occurrence for men who commit crime in Kansas to make their escape into the Indian Territory. Having reached there, they claim immunity from punishment and are ready for a life of the outlaw. Many of these charmers are secluded in the western part of the Territory, though by far the greater number are making homes among the natives of the Five Nations.

If an intelligent observer should travel through that part of the Territory lying East of the 96 degree of longitude he will be struck with the large number of white population claiming rights in the Territory by virtue of various concessions. Scores of white men are there without authority from the general Govern­ment, but claim protection under the local laws of the tribes, prescribing citizenship to those who intermarry with the Indian.

Now, the white race can well afford to spare those who, as a general rule, from choice, adopt the domestic relations of an inferior race, but does the Indian derive any advantage thereby? What can be the scale of society for generations to come that has for its progenitors a vagrant vicious class? It has long been the policy of the Government to keep the Territory intact from the grasp of the white man, but during the elapse of time, he has gone in by stealth, and this element now enacts the local laws of the most important tribes.

The criminal records of the Federal court at Fort Smith bear testimony that more crimes are committed within the territory than can be brought to trial at that renowned bar of justice. No thoughtful man will presume that left to itself, the present condition of things will improve in the Indian Territory. The reader will ask, Is there a remedy for these evils?  We believe so. If Congress should pass an act to open this Territory to the actual settler, the problem would soon be solved. But, say some, “This would be doing injustice to the Indian; we can't afford to break faith with the red man; he is our ward and entitled to our protection.” This is pretty logic provided it does no violence to the rights of the white race. We confess that we are of the brotherhood who believe that the white man is as good as any, and entitled to some rights as well as the Indian. We search in vain for authority in the organic law of this government to make treaty with Indian tribes. If the Indian is solely the ward of this government, by what right is he clothed with the importance of a Foreign power and treaties ratified for his special benefit? But if Congress can never get ready to open the Territory to the actual settler, justice to the citizens of Kansas demands that an act be passed prescribing to the Federal Courts of this district concurrent jurisdiction over the Indian Territory.

The large influx of population into southwest Kansas for the last two years will demand, at least, an annual session of the Federal Court on the southern border of the State; and with the Territory attached to this judicial district, no locality offers as many advantages for the business of a Federal Court as Arkansas City.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 17, 1879.

C. C. Carpenter is in St. Louis trying to revive the Oklahoma boom. Those who were so badly sold on this question last spring will be slow to repeat the experiment just now.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 17, 1879.

Lieut. Cushman's ankle was dislocated at Fort Garland, Colorado, and he will return to Fort Riley to remain during the winter.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 17, 1879.

                                                     The Santa Fe Railroad.

The Chicago Tribune says, on the authority of Mr. W. B. Strong, vice-president and general manager of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad, who has been in this city during the last few days, we are enabled to say that the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe will within two years from now not only have one line to the Pacific coast, but three, and all attempts of Gould to thwart them in their designs can no longer be of any avail.

The reports that the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe has suc­ceeded in wrestling the St. Louis & San Francisco railroad from the clutches of Gould are confirmed by Mr. Strong. An arrange­ment has been perfected by which the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad company gets a half interest in the old charter of the Atchison and Pacific railroad, known as the thirty-fifth paral­lelogram, owned by the St. Louis and San Francisco, and to which a large and valuable land grant is attached.

The two roads will build jointly on this charter from the main line of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad at Albuquerque, due west to Los Angeles, and thence north to San Francisco, and the track will be owned jointly by both roads.

The line has been surveyed, and there are no obstacles in the way of this speedy completion. Work is to be commenced at once, and will be pushed forward with all possible speed and energy, and it is expected to have it completed and in running order within two years from date. This line to the Pacific will be considerably shorter than the Union Pacific, and, as it runs through a more southern latitude, will not be blockaded by snow during the winter, but will be in good working order all the year round. Leavenworth Press.

Winfield Courier, December 18, 1879.

It is expected that the railroad track will be laid into Arkansas City next week.

Winfield Courier, December 18, 1879.

On last Friday eighteen car loads of wheat were shipped from Winfield station.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 24, 1879.

                                                 The Railroad is Completed.

The last rail that connects Arkansas City with other rail­road towns was laid yesterday [December 23, 1879].

Come, ye who seek new homes, to this promised land. Here you will find a rich soil, good climate, intelligent people, excellent schools, orthodox churches, and stalwart republicans. What more can you wish below the clouds?

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 24, 1879.

                                                    CHEROKEE NATION.

W. P. Adair, big little chief of the Cherokee nation, is on the war path against any move-ment towards opening to the actual settler the Indian Territory. He has a large stock of cheap talk and prates about the terrible scenes that will follow the consum­mation of such an act. He is reported as saying that “The different tribes in the Territory can muster, for actual warfare, 15,000 bucks and that he very much doubts the ability of the United States army to conquer them.”

Adair was a cheap Colonel of bushwhackers during the late unpleasantness and the prowess he exhibits should be viewed from that standpoint. When he talks about the terrible scenes of bloodshed on the border adjoining the States that would follow in case of rupture, he proves his status for real intelligence, to be but a small fractional part of man.

The TRAVELER expresses the opinion of thousands, when it says to W. P. Adair that the present status of the Indian Terri­tory cannot long exist, and that it only remains for Congress to say when the white man may enter there. Whenever that time arrives, the white race will ask no standing army to give protec­tion, but a half dozen counties on the border will volunteer to settle the question in less time than required to mature a bank note. Adair, no doubt, forms his judgment of the fighting capacity of the white race from the late Indian wars with the General Government. This estimate is good for nothing as the Government has generally seen fit to send only squads of soldiers against Indian warfare.

The Creek Indians possess a reservation one hundred miles square, and their numbers nearly equal those of the largest tribes. Yet that nation today is governed by the negro element, while the native is largely in the minority. If we cross the line into the Cherokee reservation we find the full blood, or Pin Indian, and the half breed as opposing parties.

The treaty of 1866 galvanized the rebel Indian, who was generally a half-breed, and restored him to equality, with the full-blood. Each party is extremely jealous of the other, and with a large fund in the U. S. Treasury to stimulate sordid action, a constant strife is maintained.

It has been a custom with the Cherokees for several years to send to Washington a delegation to represent the party in power in their government with full authority to draw exorbitant pay, drink rot gut, and grow fat. Our exchanges announce that W. P. Adair has gone to Washington with a delegation to resist the encroachments of the white man. Sift this statement to the naked fact and it simply means that the delegation have gone to Wash­ing­ton to feather their nest with the school fund. Surely, no congressmen will be bulldozed with the threat of 15,000 Indian warriors on our border, while no community in this latitude will allow its equilibrium to be disturbed with such childish prattle. The day has at last dawned when the white man is as good as the red man, and he will not peaceably submit to be pushed aside and deprived of a home, while the public domain is given to the Indian.

A just and ready solution to this Indian problem is reached by giving to each member of a tribe 160 acres in several­ty, with the power to convey until the lapse of one generation. Clothe him with the responsibility of a citizen and give him the privi­lege of the elective franchise as contingent with his knowledge of the elementary branches of education, and then teach him that “He who toils not, neither shall he reap,” and civiliza­tion will soon follow.

Winfield Courier, December 25, 1879.

The railroad has reached Arkansas City. We congratulate our wide awake friends of the seaport. By the way, cannot we have a celebration and go down there and help our neighbors shout.

Winfield Courier, December 25, 1879.

The military ball to be given ty the Winfield Rifles, at the Opera House New Year's Eve, promises to be a grand affair. The committee are sparing no pains to make it a success.

Winfield Courier, January 1, 1880.

Last Tuesday the C. S. & F. S. railroad company received its second installment of Cowley county bonds, $50,000, the amount due on the completion of the road to Arkansas City. This makes the total amount issued to that company $128,000.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 7, 1880.

Buyers have commenced to ship hogs via the railroad and this is a great improvement over the old way of driving.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 7, 1880.

On every side can be seen new life and the evidence of prosperity in Arkansas City. A town is building here at the terminus of the Cowley, Sumner, and Ft. Smith Rail Road and no matter what rival localities may say, just come and see for yourself.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 7, 1880.

The passenger train is crowded with people since the comple­tion of the Road to Arkansas City. Farms are changing hands and large preparations are going forward to open new farms and to put more land in cultivation. Roll in, now is the time to improve the opportunity.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 7, 1880.

An editor in Winfield has been so long without a square meal that he howls piteously for the people of Arkansas City to get up a railroad excursion and invite him down to the terminus. Come down, Bro. Allison, we will stuff your belly, and then you will feel friendly, won't you?

Arkansas City Traveler, January 7, 1880.

Eight thousand head of stock cattle are to be furnished the Indians in the Indian Territory by the Government the coming season.


Winfield Courier, January 8, 1880.

New Year's eve the Winfield Rifles held their first grand military ball, which was even more successful than the most sanguine of the members anticipated. The hall was tastefully decorated with flags, with the stage arranged to represent a company encampment. The crowd in attendance was immense, over a hundred tickets being sold.

At 12 o'clock an election for “Daughter of the Regiment” was announced, which was the most exciting feature of the evening. Five ladies were placed in nomination, and after a lively contest of half an hour, the friends of Miss Clara Brass carried the day and their favorite was declared “Daughter of the Regiment.” The receipts of the entertainment amounted to two hundred dollars.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 14, 1880.

The A., T. & S. F. railroad company commenced running trains to Arkansas City regu-larly yesterday. This recalls the time when, a few years since, a delegation of pioneers, prominent among whom were Profs. Kellogg and Norton, started from this place to locate a “future great city” somewhere in the Southwest. Arkansas City is the outgrowth of this enterprise, and we are pleased to believe it is destined to be a leading city of South­ern Kansas. Emporia News. [Date not given by Emporia paper.]


Arkansas City Traveler, January 21, 1880. Editorial Page.

                                                 The Territory of Oklahoma.

Washington, Jan. 15. The Senate Committee on Territories, some days ago, referred to a sub-committee, composed of Senators Vest, Butler, and Logan, the question of the organization of the Indian Territory into a Territorial Government. The sub-committee, after several sessions, directed Senator Vest to prepare a bill providing for the establishment of the Territory of Oklahoma, and the appointment by the President of the usual Territorial officers. The legislative branch of the proposed Territorial Government is to consist of the Council of thirteen members and the house of twenty-six. Representatives are ap­pointed among the several tribes according to the number of qualified voters. Any male Indian twenty-one years of age, who has adopted the customs of civilized life, will be entitled to vote. Lands are to be surveyed, and each person who is a member of a tribe occupying a reservation within the limits of the Territory is entitled to a homestead of 160 acres. Adults can select their own homesteads, and minors by their guardians. The alienation of homesteads is prohibited for twenty years. For an Indian to become a citizen he must be a resident of the United States for five years, a resident of the Territory, and have a good moral character for two years. Such Indians are to be paid the cash value in proportion of the funds of the tribe held in trust by the United States, and the bill also repeals all acts granting lands in the Territory to railroads upon the extinguish­ment of the Indian title, and sections 16 and 36 are reserved for school purposes. The sub-committee, and, in fact, the full committee, are very doubtful as to the right of Congress to dispossess the Indians of their lands, and they will so frame their bill as to prevent those objections which the Indian tribes within the Territory have hitherto made against the organization of a Territorial form of government, and will endeavor to protect them in their rights by every means within the power of Congress.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 21, 1880.

The readers of the TRAVELER who reside on the border will read with interest the status of the bill introduced in Congress for the organization of the Territory of Oklahoma. Several of our exchanges from more northern localities question the wisdom of opening the Indian Territory to settlement, though in this opinion we do not share. With the Territory organized for settlement, our farmers would find an excellent market for their produce, and our towns on the border would receive trade and activity that nothing else can supply. We think it a very selfish view that excludes from settlement a Territory simply because it may drain from localities some of its population. Senator Vest, who introduced this bill, is a Missouri Democrat, and if his party, in Congress, thinks they can gain any political advantage by organizing the Territory for settlement, we feel certain that it will be done before the first day of June. As a party measure it must be utilized before the fall campaign or it will be forever lost to the Democratic party. Momento mori.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 21, 1880.

                                                    Selling Arms to Indians.

Congressman Beltzhoover has introduced a bill in the House to prevent and punish the sale of arms and ammunition to uncivi­lized Indians. The measure should be passed without any opposi­tion. More than half of our Indian troubles may be direct­ly attributed to the fact that the Government has hereto­fore taken no effective steps to prevent the sale of arms and fixed ammunition to savage tribes. The law as it stands prohib­its the sale of rifles and cartridges upon the reserva­tions and to hostile tribes while waging war; but even this vague and unsatis­factory law is not executed. In the neighborhood of every reservation there are dealers in arms at all times ready to supply the largest demands of the Indians. The trade is exceed­ingly profitable, the purchasers usually paying enormous prices in valuable furs for their guns and ammunition.

The officers of the Interior Department know that this traffic is being carried on continually, and it is not unlikely that some of them are permitted to share in its profits as a reward for permitting sales on the reservations. Secretary Schurz maintains that he has no sufficient authority to drive the traders off, and we do not doubt that he is right, though we are far from certain that he would interfere if he could.

The army has no power to meddle with the business. It is inconceivable why this condition of affairs should have been permitted to continue so long; to permit it to continue longer would be little less than criminal. In one sense it is rather late in the day to interfere, because there is hardly an able-bodied savage Indian in the West who is not at present supplied with a small arsenal of the most destructive arms known to modern science.

During the Sioux war two years ago, the red warriors were better armed than the soldiers sent against them. The Utes engaged in the Thornburgh massacre all carried long-range Winchester rifles and an endless supply of metallic cartridges; while the soldiers had only carbines—good arms at close range, but no match for the superior rifles in the hands of their savage foes. It would not be easy to take their trusty breech-loaders away from the Indians, but they might be rendered practically harmless by the enactment and strict enforcement of a well-digested law to prevent and punish the sale of any more fixed ammunition to the uncivilized tribes, either on or off their reservations. Of course, the sale of arms should also be pre­vented in the same manner.

No civilized Government would think for a moment of permit­ting the inmates of its penitentiaries and insane asylums to arm themselves with repeating rifles. The savages of the West are even more dangerous to the peace and safety of their civilized neighbors than the same number of convicts and lunatics would be, and the risk of permitting them to be armed with the most ap­proved weapons of modern warfare is far greater.

The Indian traders and sentimentalists of the East will reply that the savages maintain themselves largely by hunting and that they must have arms or die of starvation. This argument should have no weight with any person possessed of common sense. No hunter, either white or red, needs a Winchester rifle in pursuit of game. White hunters do not use that arm at all. It is made for war and not for sport. If the Indians must be permitted to equip themselves for the hunting field, they should be limited in their choice of arms to the shot-gun and the ordinary hunting rifle of small caliber and short range. Their fathers got along very well with bows and arrows, and we have yet to learn that game is more difficult to kill now than it was 50 or 100 years ago. As a matter of fact, the Indians do not buy Winchesters and fixed ammunition for the chase. They do buy both for the purpose of making war upon their white neighbors and the army. They never think of taking the war path until they have purchased a sufficient supply of rifles and cartridges to enable them to carry on a long campaign. For months before the last Ute outbreak the traders who deal with that tribe did a rushing business in the sale of arms and ammunition. They made a great deal of money, and, of course, they will use what influence they have at Washington to prevent the passage of Mr. Beltzhoover's bill. In this they will be aided by the traders who deal with other tribes, but they ought not to have any weight with Con­gress. Surely if the Government is able to prevent the sale of liquor to the Indians, it can also stop the traffic in arms and ammunition.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 22, 1880. Front Page.

ED. COURIER: I have noticed in some of my papers lately, articles written in favor of organizing the Indian Territory into a territory like the other territories of Uncle Sam's domain. It seems to me, and no doubt to thousands of others, that this would be a step in the right direction. Here we have a vast extent of the finest country within the limits of the United States, given over to a pack of landless vagabonds. A country surpassing in the beauty of the climate, the fertility of its soil, and in general features, any State in the federal union, or in the world, abandoned and turned over to make hunting grounds for a few lazy savages. Let us take into consideration the extent of this magnifi­cent country, reveling in the luxuriousness of a semi-tropical climate, and see if there are not homes for every Indian old enough to need one.

The Indian Territory contains 68,991 square miles, or 44,154,240 acres, a larger area, by 410,520 acres than the six New England States together.

The population of the Territory was, in 1870, 68,152.

We find by division, that there are in the Territory 276,964 farms of 160 acres each, or 633 acres for every man, woman, and child in it. Just think of it! 633 acres of the finest land in the world parceled out to one Indian, and you without a foot that you can call your own.

How long is this going to last?

Just so long as the people will let it.

Why not give each Indian 80 acres of land for a home, and let him live on it, or die on it, just as he likes.

There is no provision made to feed and clothe a white man. It seems to us that he must do this himself, or, like the Dutchman's horse, he will die; or, like the man in Winfield, he will be kicked out of doors to lie in the cold, sick or well.

We say, let each Indian have a deed of 80 acres of land; let him make of it a home, just the same as thousands of white people have done and are doing. Do this, and still there are 38,702,080 acres left which might be thrown open for settlement.

The Territory as it is now is a great curse to the law-abiding citizens of the five states which join it. Robbers, cutthroats, and outlaws of all kinds, after committing deviltries of every description in the adjoining states, find a safe and convenient retreat in the territory. It is really the house of a vast number of plug-uglies, thugs, sharpers, swindlers, murder­ers, and horse-thieves, of every grade and color.

Now if we were telling a lie about this, I would say, hang us for it, but everyone knows that we are telling the unvarnished truth.

I hope someone else will come out on this subject, for or against; let us have the sentiment of the people all around. Remember that a white man must work or die.

Only a few days ago an old man in Wisconsin was taken up as a tramp simply because he was walking along the public highway. That was the only reason the man could give, when asked what he was doing. He was old and careworn. The cold winds of many a hard winter had blown over his poor old head, and had helped to silver his hair. Yes, he was somebody's grandpa, too, very likely, but the merciless tramp-law of that state condemned the innocent old man to be taken to Madison. The rough usage on the road, combined with the cold weather, was too much for the old man. So he died! Oh! What a lasting disgrace this is to the law-making body of Wisconsin! May the curse of Almighty God be on such a law as that, is my prayer; but then, he was a white man, you know. He had $12.00 in his pocket, which was found after his death. The idiots did not have sense enough to ask the old man his condition.

Had he been an Indian he would have been taken in, shel­tered, and fed, and sent on his way.

Now, I am not writing this because I hate the Indian. On the contrary, I respect him. But then, I certainly think the white man is as good as an Indian, but the way they are treated now (that is to say, the way the government intends to treat them), I think it a fine thing to be an Indian. Yes, it looks as if they were getting royalty paid them for being Indians. I am certain they would be in far better condition, in a short time, than they are now, were they given this land and made to stay on it, the same as they are on the reservations; then that infernal big fraud and swindle, the Indian Department, would be dead, DEAD! DEAD!!

                                                        J. O. WILKINSON.

Winfield Courier, January 22, 1880.

The office of the engineer of the S. K. & W. railroad has been established in the old Winfield Bank Building. This road has reached Burden, and the track-layers are pushing this way at the rate of a mile a day.


Winfield Courier, January 22, 1880.

A meeting was held at Manning's Hall last Wednesday evening to consider a memorial to Congress asking that a right of way for a railroad be granted through the Indian Territory from Arkansas City to Fort Smith.

Mayor Lynn was called to chair and J. E. Conklin chosen secretary.

A committee, consisting of C. C. Black, C. Coldwell, W. R. Davis, J. L. Horning, and M. L. Robinson, was appointed to prepare a memorial.

Senator Hewson, of Memphis, addressed the meeting, stating the advantages and impor-ance to this section of the country of such a road.

The committee reported a memorial as follows, which was adopted, and the committee instructed to procure signatures and forward.

“The undersigned citizens of Cowley county, in the state of Kansas, would respectfully represent, that this county and the adjacent counties of Kansas are producers of corn, wheat, oats, hay, hogs, and cattle; and that they have large quantities of the commodities named, over and above their own requirements for market; but on account of the present condition of things they are cut off and deprived of their proper and legitimate markets, which should be Memphis, Tennessee; New Orleans, Louisiana; and Little Rock, Arkansas; and the cities and country adjacent to said city. We would further show that our country is almost wholly destitute of timber, while in the state of Arkansas, only a short distance away, there is a superabundance wasting for want of transportation.

We would further show that by building a line of railroad from the line of Kansas at or near Arkansas City, to Fort Smith in the state of Arkansas, relief from all difficulties stated would be obviated.

We would further show that on the 17th day of Dec., 1879, the Hon. H. C. Young of Tennessee, introduced House bill 3032, in which the right of way and charter for said railroad is asked and provided for, and we respectfully request the said bill be enacted into a law and the company or body corporate thereby created be authorized to build a line of railroad and telegraph upon such terms and limitations as Congress may in its wisdom provide.

And we especially solicit and request the support and influence of the Representatives and Senators from the state of Kansas and our sister states, in prefecting and passing this bill.

All of which is most respectfully submitted.”


Winfield Courier, January 22, 1880.

The importance to our section of a railroad down the Arkan­sas river to connect with the Southern railroads at Fort Smith cannot be overestimated. The millers of Little Rock and other cities below want our wheat, and have been paying ten cents a bushel above St. Louis prices. With a railroad connection direct the cost of transportation would be ten to fifteen cents less than it is to St. Louis, and our farmers would get hundreds of thousands of dollars more for their wheat than they would other­wise. Again, our corn, oats, and pork are wanted in the South, and we want their sugar and other products. We now have to pay transportation on all these in the circuitous routes by way of Kansas City and St. Louis, and the difference in freights would be a fortune to our farmers.

The measure proposed is in the right direction, but what should be done is the enactment of a general law of Congress providing for means of procuring right of way for any railroad through the Territory in any part or direction.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, January 28, 1880. Front Page.

We have been informed since our last issue that Congressman Ryan has a bill already before Congress for a general right-of-way through the Indian Territory, not giving it to any particular company or any particular set of men, and we learn further that the Memphis, Little Rock and Fort Smith road belongs to a Boston company, same as also the A. T. & S. F., and whenever the right-of-way is granted the two companies stand ready to commence at both sides of the Territory and push a road rapidly through it. Eagle.


Arkansas City Traveler, January 28, 1880. Editorial Page.

We have a long list of subscribers to a petition asking Congress to create for the Indian Territory an organized govern­ment; and all who believe that the Territory should be open to the actual settler, and have not already signed the petition, we hope will come forward promptly and do so.

We wish to return the petition to the committee which drafted it, in a very few days, and right now is just the time to sign it.

Dispatches from Washington report that large parties in Southwestern Kansas are now organized with a view to invade the Territory without the authority of law. Now, while we are emphatic in our opinion that this Territory should be organized for white settlement, and that the question cannot long remain in suspense, we are equally positive that it is unpolitic and unwise to attempt to force the question by squatter sovereignty. We hope that no reader of the Traveler will take it upon himself to organize the Territory for his particular benefit.

Await the action of Congress and do nothing but what the law will sanction. This is the only wise course, and those who pursue it will always be found on the right side.

We have also a petition to Congress asking for the right-of-way to a railway company from Arkansas City to Fort Smith, and we hope our people will give it their endorsement.

If Congress declines to give the Territory an organized government, then the right-of-way to a railroad from here to Fort Smith is the next best outlook, and will add greatly to the general prosperity.

The view promulgated by some that “as this is now the terminus, we should do every-thing possible to keep it so,” is too narrow for a progressive age and, we believe, will fail to receive general endorsement.

A grand trunk line spanning the Territory and connecting Arkansas City with a southern outlet is the aim indispensable to a bright future. We can't remain a town on a bob tail while we see before us the prospect of a live city on a Grand Trunk, reaching from the Pacific into all parts of the South. Let's sign the petition.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 28, 1880.

Mr. Thomes, of the Santa Fe Engineer Corps, and C. M. Scott, of this city, left here on Sunday last on a tour of observation through the Territory to Fort Smith in the interest of the railroad company.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 28, 1880.

Three U. S. Marshals were in town on Monday last, hunting for parties to put in an appearance at the Fort Smith Federal Court.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 28, 1880.

Fort Reno, Indian Territory, January 18, 1880. Paymaster Broodhead, U. S. A., arrived here on the 15th inst. On the 16th a circular was issued from post headquarters announcing that the troops would be paid on the 17th, commencing at 9 o'clock a.m. Promptly at the hour one of these companies was marched to the Adjutant's office, but after waiting some time, was marched back without being paid, and it was whispered that “something was wrong.”  Soon the rumors flew thick and fast that “the paymaster had been robbed.” The amount was variously stated at from $500 to $26,000. No payment was made, and it was evident that some­thing indeed was very much wrong. The telegraph was soon flash­ing the news to department headquarters at Fort Leavenworth; but none, of course, of the outsiders knew just what was the matter. This morning it is stated by those who are presumed to know that the paymaster's safe was robbed of something over $20,000 while in transit from Leavenworth to this place.

It is stated that a board of officers was assembled yester­day, by authority of the Post Commander, Col. Beaumont, to take such measures as were necessary. The aid of our photographer was also invoked, and a number of negatives of the unlucky safe were taken.

There is a general feeling of sympathy for Major Broodhead; but we of the rank and file suppose that he will not be required to make any part of the loss good. Nevertheless, it must result in great and vexatious inconvenience to him. Times.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 4, 1880. Editorial Page.

We have received information that Patterson & Bros. will drive nineteen thousand head of cattle from Western Texas to Arkansas City for shipment the coming season. The country south and southwest of this has an unlimited range of excellent grass, while the supply of good, fresh water is ample. We are satisfied that if the cattlemen in Western Texas examine the route to Arkansas City, and the many advantages it has over other points, that the large herds will be driven to these stock yards. The railroad company have looked at this matter closely, and have built on the banks of the Arkansas large and substantial yards for the accommodation of the stock men.


Winfield Courier, February 5, 1880.

“The excursion to Wichita by the Winfield Rifles last Thurs­day evening passed off very pleasantly, barring a few hard characters, not belonging to the company, who got too much liquor aboard. The two coaches chartered by the company were comfort­ably filled by about 100 ladies and gentlemen. At the Wichita depot the Rifles were met by the Wichita Guards and were escorted to their armory where they stacked arms and dispersed to the various hotels for supper. The Tremont House seemeed to be the favorite with the boys, and A. N. Deming was compelled to enlarge his culinary department to accommodate them.

“After supper, in company with Frank Smith, of the Beacon, we took in the town, visiting the principal business houses, and finally bringing up at the Opera House, the pride and glory of Wichita, which is truly a magnificent building. The building is one-story, with very high ceilings, and will seat about 1,000 people. It has a gallery running about half-way around the building, and a large vestibule with box offices and waiting rooms complete. Last but not least is the stage, which is 40 x 60, and has been furnished regardless of cost. The scenery and fixtures will compare favorably with that of any theatre west of the Mississippi.

“The drama of the ‘Union Spy,’ by the Wichita Guards, was simply immense. We had heard the piece spoken of highly by those who had seen it, but our anticipations were surpassed by the reality of the play. Judge Campbell as ‘Albert Morton,’ in Andersonville prison, brought tears to the eyes of most of the audience, and even Krets, of the Telegram, was suspiciously handy with his pocket-handerchief.

“One of the Winfield boys, who had been through Libby prison, excused this unmanly condition by saying: ‘If you-you'd a b-b-been there like I was, y-y-you'd a cri-cried, too.’ At half-past twelve the train started homeward, and the time was passed very pleasantly in the ladies’ car, with music and singing. Special credit is due Conductor Siverd, of the A. T. & S. F. for his accommodating manners and gentlemanly conduct during the trip, and also the Southwestern Stage Co., which furnished free trans­portation to and from the depot.”

Winfield Courier, February 5, 1880.

The S. K. & W. railroad company has appointed Mr. Carruthers station agent at this place. Mr. Carruthers was formerly in the employ of the Fort Scott & Gulf railroad, and is a thorough railroad man.

Winfield Courier, February 5, 1880.

The second railroad will reach us next week, and about that time will come a new crop of land-lookers and homeseekers from the more eastern states. Gen. A. H. Green is preparing for a brisk campaign in the land broker business, and will doubtless sell out his stock of farms readily and want more. He will take a few more farms to sell. Call soon.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 11, 1880.

                                                          Oklahoma Again.

The Kansas City Journal says: Our Washington specials yesterday gave the information that the President had been informed that another “invasion” of the Indian Territory was contemplated in the spring, and that they were assured the military would receive orders to guard against it. Of course, the Executive cannot do otherwise, for as long as the law is there, it must be enforced.

We do not know on what grounds this complaint is made, but we see in the circumstance only additional reasons for the speedy passage of the bill organizing a territorial government. Affairs have reached that point when troops will have to be sent every year until bye and bye it will assume such dimensions that military interference will be impractical.

We notice petitions circulating praying for the passage of a law organizing the Territory. This is a better way than by raids, for it is perfectly legal and proper. Public policy cannot always be based upon abstract ideas of right and wrong in practical affairs—and that is the state of the Indian Territory question. The practical thing in this case is that all our history from the time of the Puritans and Penn to the Ute trou­bles, the white man and his methods have come in conflict with the red man and his modes of life. And it is whether one shall stop at an imaginary line, or the other shall conform to the inevitable. It is but one illustration of the law of the surviv­al of the fittest—strongest.

The government cannot afford to maintain this uneasy and lawless condition of affairs. It is lawless in one sense, but then it arises from a perfectly legitimate impulse—the subduing of the earth and cultivating it—which is the fundamental duty of civilization. John Quincy Adams laid down the rule that the earth was given in usufruct to man, and he who tilled it had the right to it, and we have never seen a better title urged.

The Indian Territory has a history that few men today, even our best statesmen, know of or think of. It is one of the earliest fruits of the old slavery question, or the struggle between North and South, and is the fruit of northern victory.

When the Indians were to be removed west of the Mississippi, it was proposed to locate them further north, and had Mr. Calhoun and his partisans succeeded, Iowa and Nebraska would have been dedicated “to the pupilage of the red man,” and appropriated to the use of an Indian museum. But he was defeated, and the Indian Territory was the result.

One of the most remarkable and far-seeing speeches in view of subsequent events that we ever read was delivered on this subject by Samuel F. Vinton, of Ohio, in which it was discussed as a sectional movement on the part of Calhoun to shut out the growth of the free States to the west, and secure the outlet clear for the slave States. It is more than thirty years since we read that speech, but its position and its foresight have been remarkably vindicated.

And now the question returns again, but in a form in which freedom alone is interested—in the work of opening it up to the natural forces of free labor and as homes for men who want to plant there the foundation of a great free State. Congress cannot much longer ignore it, for it is not now a mere question of aboriginal rights, but whether it is to be a barrier to the healthy progress to natural development, in which the legitimate outgrowth of civilization is to be checked and restrained by mere military force—for practically that is the situation today.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 11, 1880.

                                                      Vest's Oklahoma Bill.

                                             [Special to the Kansas City Times.]

WASHINGTON, Feb. 4. Congressman Frost thinks the House Committee on Territories, of which he is a member, will adopt the Vest Oklahoma bill.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 11, 1880. Editorial Page.

                                            The Railway Route to Fort Smith.

Editor Traveler: I have been repeatedly asked since my return regarding the practicability of a railroad route from Arkansas City to Fort Smith, Arkansas, the present terminus of the Little Rock and Ft. Smith railway.

On the 25th of January in company with Mr. John E. Thomes, civil engineer of the A. T. & S. F. railway, we proceeded on horseback to Kaw Agency, a distance of about twenty-five miles, following the Arkansas river to within three miles of the Agency, then crossing through a draw from the Arkansas to Beaver creek; thence down Salt creek about fifteen miles, and up another draw into Hominy creek, then down the latter stream to where it empties into Bird creek, then down Bird creek to the Verdigris river, and down to the Arkansas to Ft. Gibson, a distance of one hundred and ninety miles. On Bird creek and the Verdigris river many bends of the streams were cut off, passing over smooth, high prairie, at an elevation of not more than thirteen hundred feet above the level of the sea, and not to exceed a fifty foot grade.

Along the route was some of the finest farming lands we ever saw; especially in the Verdigris valley, which is frequently more than three miles in width.

The people of Fort Gibson were very anxious to have the road built, and manifested great willingness to take hold of the matter.

Along Bird creek walnut lumber was being cut and sawed to ship to Chicago, for which the contractors were paying $1 per thousand feet in the tree. They could load on about 7,000 feet on one car, and it is said they receive $80 per thousand in Chicago for it. Corn was $1 per bushel at Gibson and it was expected to be $1.50 before corn time next year.

Some of the Cherokees and Creeks were in favor of a railroad while the majority were opposed to it.

Another very good route could be made crossing the Arkansas at this place, then cross back near Kaw Agency, and down from the head of Bird creek by way of Osage Agency. This would necessi­tate two bridges across the Arkansas at a cost of $20,000, and following the Bird creek valley would make the road a crooked one. C. M. SCOTT.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 11, 1880.

C. M. Scott has returned from his trip to Ft. Gibson. He reports that a practical route for a railway through the Territory was found, and now the chief difficulty that exists in the way of connecting us with Ft. Smith is the want of proper legis­lation in Congress on the subject.


Winfield Courier, February 12, 1880.

In the House proceedings of the 5th, we find the following.

Mr. Ryan presented a petition from 1,000 citizens of his State in favor of granting the great lines of railways which are constructed or may hereafter be constructed near the Indian Territory, the right of way through that country. The petition­ers here state that they are willing the territory should remain a home for the Indians, but they ask that it should no longer be an obstruction to the commerce between the different States and Territories. The petition was referred to the committee on railways and canals.


Winfield Courier, February 12, 1880.

Monday evening the track-layers of the S. K. & W. reached the depot at this place, and Tuesday morning the boarding cars were moved down and placed on the switch. The completion of this road will completely settle the chronic croakers who have been so fearful about the future of Winfield. With a direct outlet to Kansas City or St. Louis, and two competing lines of road, one of which is only waiting for an opportunity to build on through the Territory and give us a direct outlet to the Gulf, we will ere long have facilities for marketing our produce second to no county in the state. This is indeed the dawn of an era of prosperity for the farmers of Cowley county.

Winfield Courier, February 12, 1880.

                                                     DEXTER, Feb. 9, 1880.

ED. COURIER: Have not the true interests of Cowley county been shamefully ignored by those who have had the locating of towns on our lines of railway? Would it not be of great benefit to the county, to the whole people of the county, to have one good town, say in the neighborhood of the late Udall, and one other good town in the neighborhood of Grouse valley. What is the situation? A switch and a depot are a few miles northwest of Winfield, while there is no stopping place for trains, no ship­ping point for our products, no point about which capital and population can gather, beyond that station and the county line. This compels a large portion of our people to go far to markets, or else to go out of Cowley county to do their railroad business, and thus help build up a town that contributes not one cent to the wealth of our county. This could have been helped and should have been helped.

How is the situation on the east? Instead of getting one good, enterprising, pushing, thriving, town—a town which would constantly grow in wealth and population—a town that would furnish a good local market for all farm products—a town that would sink no man's capital and smash up no man's business, we have three towns! Who will say that someone will not get scorched by this fire? Who will say that the best interests of eastern Cowley will not suffer by this failure to concentrate the wealth, the population, the trade, and the manufacturing and producing interests of that section in one locality rather than three? We have no interests in any one point more than another along the line of our railroads. The people of the county pay bonds for these roads, and the interests of the people as a whole should be consulted in whatever affects their interests so vitally as does the building up of towns and the consequent concentrations of capital and population. O. T. R.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, February 18, 1880. Editorial Page.

Mr. Ryan, in the early part of last week, presented a petition to Congress from one thousand citizens of this State in favor of granting the great lines of railways which are con­structed or may be hereafter constructed near the Indian Territory, the right of way through that country. The petition favors the Territory remaining the home of the Indians, but asks that it should no longer be an obstruction to the commerce between the different States and Territories. The petition was referred to the committee on railroads and canals.

Mr. Ryan, of Kansas. “Mr. Speaker, I desire to present a memorial of 1,000 citizens of my State, asking that these great lines of commerce which are already constructed to the border of the Indian country shall be granted the right to traverse that Territory. In other words, they ask that that Territory shall be no longer an obstruction to the commerce between the different States and Territories.

“Although that Indian country is the paradise of America, and would make happy homes for millions of people in the east who are homeless, they do not ask to have that Territory opened to settlement, but simply that it shall no longer be allowed to remain an impassable barrier to commerce. They are willing that it shall remain the home for the Indians, and they believe the opening of the lines of commerce will in no wise injure any interest of the Indians, but, on the contrary, will prove a civilizing agency.

“I therefore ask that this memorial be referred to the committee on railways and canals; and I beg to say to that honorable committee that I hope they will give this petition prompt, early, and favorable consideration.”

The Speaker. “The chair hears no objection to the request of this gentleman from Kansas, and the petition will be referred to the committee on railways and canals.”


Arkansas City Traveler, February 18, 1880.

The right of way for a road through the Indian country, west from Fort Smith to Arkansas City, Kansas, is being asked for and should be granted. No one would be damaged by a railroad through the Nation. The houses could be reversed, so as to have the doors in front, and permit a little gleam of civilization to enter into the hearts of the people. Could this road be built at once, the rising generation, in the nations, along the line would be greatly pleased and benefited. Ft. Smith Elevator.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 18, 1880.


The House Committee on Indian affairs have agreed upon the terms of the bill to provide for the punishment of crime in the Indian Territory. At the meeting of the Committee on Friday morning Chairman Scales was instructed to report it to the House. It provides that the laws of the respective States and Territo­ries in which are located Indian reservations, relating to the crimes of murder, manslaughter, arson, rape, burglary, and robbery, shall be deemed and taken to be the law and in force within such reservations; and the district courts of the United States within and for the respective districts in which such reservations may be located in any State, and the territorial courts of the respective territories in which such reservations may be located shall have original jurisdiction over all such offenses which may be committed within such reservations.

In respect to all that portion of the Indian Territory not set apart and occupied by the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chicka­saw, and Seminole Indian Tribes, the provisions of the laws of the State of Kansas relating to the crimes of murder, manslaugh­ter, arson, rape, burglary, and robbery shall be deemed and taken to be the law and in force therein; and the United States dis­trict court for the western district of the State of Kansas, at Fort Scott, shall have exclusive original jurisdiction over all such offenses arising in said portion of the Indian Territo­ry. The place of punishment of any and all said offenses shall be the same as for other like offenses arising within the jurisdiction of said respective courts.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, February 18, 1880. Editorial Column.

Dispatches from Washington report that bills have been introduced into both branches of Congress, and favorably reported by sub-committee, to open the Indian Territory to settlement. Both bills are similar and free from the objections that arose to Senator Vest's measure.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, February 18, 1880. Editorial Column.

One of our exchanges states that a colony is formed at Wichita and Arkansas City to invade the Territory. We have made considerable inquiry on this subject and fail to find that any organization exists for this purpose. While hundreds along the border would rejoice to see Congress take action favorable to the settlement of that boundless waste, we do not believe that a respectable sprinkle of responsible men in this section will be found to invade the Territory in violation of law.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 19, 1880. Front Page.

Mr. Ryan has introduced a bill which is designed to take the place of one concerning which I have written you, and the purpose of which is to permit the several railroad companies that have constructed their roads up to the line of the Indian Territory to build through the Territory, to condemn the right of way to the extent of a hundred feet on each side of the track, and also take material from the adjacent lands, sites for depot purposes, etc. This is a sensible and practical measure, and one that ought to become a law. Should the bill become a law, the Santa Fe road would doubtless push its line from Arkansas City through the Territory at an early day. It will receive strong support whatever its ultimate fate may be.



Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, February 25, 1880.

While we have advocated the opening of the Indian Territory to settlement, we have always been and still are opposed to any invasion of said Territory, until the proper time or in other words not until Congress has by proper action opened the Territo­ry to settlement. There are at this time several bills and amendments pending before that body which have been partially acted upon. In our opinion it is only a question of time when this far famed and much coveted country will be settled by white men and be made to blossom like the rose, an end to which we believe it was originally created.

We herewith append that part of a proclamation recently issued by the President relative to intruding upon said Territo­ry, which may be of some interest to our readers.

“I, Rutherford B. Hayes, President of the United States, do admonish and warn all such persons so intending or preparing to remove upon said lands or into said Territory, without the permission of the proper agents of the Indians, against any attempt to remove or settle on the lands of said Territory; and I do further warn any and all such persons who may so offend, that they will be speedily and immediately removed therefrom by the agent, according to the laws made, and no effort will be spared to prevent an invasion of said Territory, rumors spread by evil disposed persons to the contrary notwithstanding, and, if neces­sary, the aid and assistance of the military forces of the United States will be invoked to carry into proper execution the laws of the United States herein referred to. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be fixed.

“Done at the city of Washington on this, the 12th day of February, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighty, and of the independence of the United States the one hundred and fourth.

“By the President: R. B. HAYES.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 3, 1880. Editorial Page.

                         THE RIGHT OF WAY THROUGH THE TERRITORY.

The bill introduced into Congress by Hon. Thomas Ryan, granting the right of way to a railway company through the Indian Territory, is a just and equitable measure. As the Territory is situated today, it is a great blockade to the commerce between the States as well as a refuge for fugitives from justice. Throughout the States and Territories, with the excep-tion of this Indian Country, companies desiring to build railroads can easily secure the right of way, and the commerce between the States is increased and protected; but when railroads reach the boundary lines of the Indian Territory they are brought to a halt that the Indian may preserve more rights than the white race. If we recall the legislation of Congress for the last twenty-five years, enacted in the interest of the Indian tribes, it reads like a legislative body making natural rights of the white race subservient to a bigoted Indian policy. We hope that Mr. Ryan will press this bill at every opportunity, until the right of way to our Railroads is secured, and civilization, law and order will soon follow. Push the iron horse into the wilderness and the problem how to govern the Indian will be as simple as how to govern the white man.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 3, 1880.

One of the numerous Cowboys who infest the Territory South of this place visited the city one day last week. After imbibing freely of tanglefoot, he proceeded to the City Hotel, where he gave a free and unsolicited exhibition of his skill in the use of firearms by discharging the contents of his revolver through the office floor. A night in the cooler took all the crookedness out of him, when he went on his way rejoicing.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 3, 1880.

A late report reaches us, which however lacks confirmation, that the same party was shot and killed by the Marshal at or in the vicinity of Caldwell the day following his visit here.  He gave his name as Billy Simms.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 3, 1880.

“Several members of the Winfield Rifles and St. John's Battery were in this city last Friday. The military organiza­tions of Winfield represent some of her most intelligent and enterprising citizens, of which she may well be proud, either as soldier or civilian, or both.”

Arkansas City Traveler, March 3, 1880.

“On Saturday night the people of our little city secured a special train and went to Winfield to witness the renowned Military drama, ‘Union Spy,’ under the auspices of the Winfield Military. Although the night was quite cold, some eighty-five citizens gathered at the depot; and boarding the train at 6:20 o'clock, were in Winfield in twenty-four minutes. So far as we have been able to learn, everyone was well pleased with the drama, and we say most emphatically that great credit is due all who participated in the play. The drill of the Winfield Militia was universally applauded and considering the short time this company has mustered, they have reached a higher grade of perfec­tion than many in other parts of the State. The young men who have come upon the stage of action since the close of the rebel­lion, and consequently could have taken no part in that bloody conflict, should witness the drama of the ‘Union Spy,’ for though a miniature of those awful events it will bring to the thoughtful the power to distinguish who were enemies of the Government. With Parson McCabe to lecture and sing his war songs and the people of Winfield to play the ‘Union Spy,’ we would almost take the contract to beat the Democracy in South Carolina.”

Arkansas City Traveler, March 3, 1880.

One Brown, who was formerly a roustabout in this city, went to the Territory and played the desperado. He joined three affinities in that “neglected spot” and together they made a raid on Walker's Store in the Chickasaw Nation about the 21st ultimo. There chanced to be present at the time several citizens and a lad who were in the store. He took in the situation at a glance and unnoticed dropped out of the crowd. He went to the neighbors and rallied a force that attacked the robbers, killing two, and capturing the other two. “A little more grape, Capt. Bragg,” will wind up this kind of business.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 10, 1880.

Some two weeks since D. F. Feagins, a resident of Bolton Township, thought he would go into the Territory and bring out a load of bones. The weather being unfavorable at the appointed time for starting, he hired a neighbor known as “Texas John” to drive the team down for him. After a reasonable time had passed and John failed to return, Feagins became suspicious that all was not right, and went in search of his missing team and driver. The search proved fruitless as he failed to find the lost proper­ty, and has concluded that Texas John didn't go bone hunting at all, but on the contrary has stolen his team, wagon, and harness. He is offering a liberal reward for the recovery of property and apprehension of the thief.


Winfield Courier, March 11, 1880.

Kansas City, March 4: The Board of Trade Hall was filled to overflowing tonight to listen to speeches by Col. Boudinot, Hon. B. J. Franklin, and others, in favor of opening the Indian Territory to settlement.

United States Marshal Allen, who had received instructions from Attorney General Devens to be present at the meeting and read the President's recent proclamation against the invasion of the Territory, at the opening of the meeting, was required to stand, and he executed the order.

The assemblage was made up of and controlled by the best citizens of Kansas City, gathered together to give the expression of their views in regard to the opening up to peaceable settle­ment of the Indian Territory, and had no sympathy with the forcible invasion sentiment. The meeting adopted a lengthy memorial to Congress, with the accompanying resolution, embodying some strong points in favor of opening the Territory, and praying Congress to take such action as is consistent with the best interests of all concerned, and will soonest bring about the desired end.


Winfield Courier, March 11, 1880.


A meeting of the citizens of Walnut will be held in the school-house near the brewery on the evening of the 17th inst., at early candle-light, for the purpose of organizing a farmer's stock protective association. Everybody interested in the matter are requested to be present.


W. COWEN, S. CURE, A. B. GRAHAM, JOEL MACK. March 8, 1880.


Arkansas City Traveler,Wednesday, March 17, 1880. Front Page.

                                             WASHINGTON, March 6, 1880.

"The question of


Was again before the Cabinet, on Tuesday. The information received by the Interior department indicates that the movement is very strong and well organized. The question came up as to how far the U. S. troops could go in making arrests. It was decided that they should be first called upon by some officer of the Indian department before arresting would-be squatters; the call to partake of the nature of a formal demand for troops under the President's proclamation. . . ."  COWLEY.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 17, 1880.

Lieut. Pardee, 23rd Infantry, is in the city. He is in command of a detachment of soldiers who are on patrol duty between this point and Caldwell. There is likewise a detachment on similar duty between here and Coffeyville. It is the inten­tion of the Government to keep strong patrol guard upon the line between this State and the Territory; and all parties intending an invasion of the Territory are warned to desist from such measures. Otherwise, they will be the losers.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 18, 1880. Front Page.

ED. COURIER: The people of this country make it a rule never to get excited, but if anything could work them up, the bills now before Congress relating to the Territory would so it.

One of them introduced by Hon. Tom Ryan, to allow the railroads now built to the Nation line, right of way through with one hundred feet each side of the track, and timber enough for ties and building purposes, they very naturally object to. If a railroad wants to build through the Nation, why can't it pay for its right of way and timber just as it would have to do in a state?

This Territory was bought and paid for by the five civilized tribes inhabiting it, paid for with lands ten times as valuable as this, and their title ought to be as good as that of any farmer in Cowley county.

It is just as hard to make these people see why they should give a right of way to any railroad without compensation; as it would be to make a Grouse Creeker let the L., L. & G. run corner wise through his bottom farm and pay him no damages. Only last Sunday I had a talk with Col. M. Curtain, the principal chief of the Choctaws, on the subject. Neither he nor many others of the best men in the country would object to any equitable bill allowing railroads right of way, but they do most seriously object to giving a very large something for a very small nothing.

On the sanctioning question the Indians are pretty evenly divided, while the whites residing here are, of course, all for it. The present head of this tribe is in favor of sectionizing, as are many of the principal Indians.

One clause in the bill now before Congress they object to is that forbidding Indians to sell their lands for twenty-one years. They seem to think that if the country is opened to settlers, the class of people who will rush in from the southern states will make it very unhealthy for a few years, and they want to be allowed to sell out so they can move to the states. It is a mistake to suppose the Indians can't compete with the whites. Take the Choctaw Nation right through and the Indians are equal in intelligence and education to the population of any state south of Mason & Dixon's line.

Just now the weather is delightful; grass is springing up in the bottoms and flowers on the prairies. The recent snow storm hardly reached us, only an hour or two of sleet and some rain.

Encouraged by the high price of cotton last year, everyone is preparing to put in a larger crop this spring.

The winter was so mild that but few cattle died, and we may expect flush times as soon as the cow buyers from Kansas and Missouri get down here, usually about April 1st.

But I must bring this letter to a close lest I should crowd out some more interesting writer, or perhaps be thrown out myself.

Anxiously looking for my next COURIER, I am, Yours respectfully,  V.

                                        COUNCIL HOUSE, C. N. Mar. 4, 1880.

[Our correspondent should remember that it takes an act of Congress to allow any railroad to build through the Territory. We want an act giving the right of way on terms that would be just to all. ED.]


Winfield Courier, March 18, 1880.

Last week we passed over the K. C., L. & S. railroad between Grenola and Oxford, in the daytime, and had a good opportunity to inspect it. Its rails are all steel, and it is thoroughly well constructed and unusually smooth for a new road.

The rise from Grenola and the Cana valley westward to the top of the Flint ridge is one of the triumphs of engineering skill, and Maj. Gunn and his engineers may well be proud of his success. The rise of between 300 and 400 feet is effected in so strategic a manner that one scarcely realizes that he is riding uphill. In our anxiety about the possibility of building a road from the east to Winfield in past years, we spent considerable time in hunting a pass through the Flint ridge, and finally concluded the one now occupied was the best, but we never dreamed that the difficulties would ever be so completely overcome. The rise from the Grouse to Burden seems to have proved at least as difficult, but here, also, the difficulties have been as com­pletely overcome.

Probably no road in Kansas presents so many romantic and interesting features as does the road between Grenola and Oxford.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 24, 1880. Front Page.

                                                  WASHINGTON LETTER.

                                             WASHINGTON, March 13, 1880.

“In the House on Tuesday, Mr. Waddill, from the Indian affairs Committee, reported bill for the relief of settlers on absentee Shawnee lands in Kansas. Mr. Johnston, from the same Committee, reported a bill authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to ascertain and report the amount of money expended and indebtedness assumed by the State of Kansas in repelling and suppressing Indian invasions. Both bills were placed on the House calendar.

                                      “THE INDIAN TERRITORY QUESTION.

“The motion made on Tuesday by Senator Thurman, to refer to the Committee on the judiciary the remonstrance of Indian chiefs against the passage of the bill to establish a United States court in the Indian Territory, was taken up on Wednesday. Mr. Vest opposed the motion, saying the Committee on territories, who reported the bill, included several able lawyers, fully competent to draw a bill, and there was no reason to refer this any more than any other bill to the Committee on the judiciary. Mr. Edmunds thought that a bill to establish a United States court in a territory which had been set aside as an independent domain raised such important judicial questions as to make it a proper subject for consideration by the judiciary Committee. Consider­able debate occurred between Senators Vest, Edmunds, Garland, and Conklin, the latter ably defending the point he had taken, and the bill was finally referred to the judiciary Committee.”


Winfield Courier, March 25, 1880.

The Kansas City Commercial Indicator publishes a special from Texas in reference to the coming drive of cattle from that State to Kansas and other States and Territories this month, which place it at 249,200, the number of cattle each drover will drive being given in detail. Of this number 100,000 have been already disposed of, leaving 200,000 for the open market. The drive will be principally of young cattle. Not more than 29 percent will be beeves.

There have been good rains in southwest­ern Texas recently. The grass is growing very fast and the prospects for an early drive is excellent. The cattle along the coast are wintering well and are in good condition, but in the more northerly coun­ties, they are thin in flesh.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, March 31, 1880. Front Page.

                                                        KANSAS IN 1880.

It is safe to say that the census to be taken next June will give Kansas a population of at least 1,000,000; in 1860 it was but 107,000. Fifteen years ago the population was 138,807; but that was after four years of cruel war.

There were then 130 miles of railway, now there are 3,000; and Kansas built more new miles last year than any other State.

Five counties now have as many school districts as the State contained in 1865. The school fund, one of “the things” that make Kansas proud, has increased to $1,700,000; and when the school lands are all sold, this sum will amount to $13,000,000.

Ten years ago but a small amount of land was under cultiva­tion; and the vast possibilities of the largest end of the State was not conceived. All western Kansas was supposed to be fit only for grazing buffalo and “long horns” from Texas; but now the shaggy Indian cattle have disappeared with their hunters, and shorthorns have driven out the wild droves that every spring were escorted up to our superior pasturage by the broad-brimmed cowboys from Texas.

Five years ago Kansas made little pretension to wheat growing; but in 1878, a crop of 32,000,000, she took the lead in all the Union. In 1879 Kansas grew over 100,000 bushels of corn; and yearly the Kansas farmers are adding to their cattle, sheep, and hogs, to which they feed their corn.

The growth of the State in wealth keeps pace with her advance in other directions. Five years ago capitalists would not lend money on improved farms west of Salina; now they seek investments 100 miles west of that city. Two years ago there were unorganized counties with less than 100 population, with no plowed ground, where now there are thousands of homesteaders and thousands of acres in wheat.

This mighty change is greatly due to the homestead law, which James Buchanan said “would make this nation a country of movers.”  So it has. People have come from all the North, from the border States; the exodists from the South; men and women of worth, of determination; those who love clear skies, good roads, grand scenery; those who have vigor and hope for a competence;— have come and are coming.

Certainly to judge the progress to be made in 1880 by what other years have proved, would not be claiming too much; so we may confidently say that 1880 will be a prosperous one for Kansas. It is to be a year of great increase; a good wheat crop may be already safely predicted, as the winter wheat is now in excellent condition. Next spring the farmers will plant a larger area in corn than ever before; and more of it will be fed out to stock on the farm. The building of school-houses and churches will be continued; money will keep pouring into the State to pay for our produce; and when, at the end of this twelve months, we write the history of 1880, it will be a proud chapter for all Kansas and the friends of Kansas in every land. Kansas Monthly.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, March 31, 1880. Editorial.


The bill now before Congress gives the above Company author­ity to build and operate a line of railroad and telegraph through the Indian Territory from Arkansas City, Kansas, to Fort Smith, Arkansas, following as near as practicable the course of the Arkansas River. The capital stock of the Company is limited to $4,300,000, and the provisions of the bill must be accepted by the corporation within sixty days of its passage. It will then have the benefit of the act of 1875, granting the right of way to railroads through public lands. It is to have power to build through any Indian lands or reservation on obtaining the volun­tary consent of such tribes owning the same, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs interceding for such consent.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 7, 1880. Editorial.

                                                  THE SOUTHERN ROAD.

The proposed railroad from Arkansas City to Fort Smith meets with much favor from all quarters. The Kansas City Price Current has this to say regarding the right of way for the new road.

“One of the most important bills in Congress just now to this section is one asking the permission of the government, by a number of Boston and Kansas capitalists, to build a railroad from Arkansas City, Kansas, down the Arkansas river and through the Indian Nation to Fort Smith, Arkansas.

“There should be no hesitancy in passing this bill. It simply asks the right of way through the Indian country and power to condemn such lands as would be required for their road bed.  In the States such power is easily enough obtained and the lands of farmers through which the proposed road passes is condemned with but little ado about it. But the red man, semi-savage, that pays no taxes, but obstructs the march of civilization, must be treated with more consideration, than the tax payers and support­ers of the government. The Indians should be allowed the same privileges as the whites and protected in their rights, and that is all. This thing of having two policies, a white man's policy and an Indian policy, is dallying with State affairs in such a manner should never be tolerated by such a government as the United States and must lower us in the eyes of foreign nations.”

Arkansas City Traveler, April 14, 1880. Editorial.

                                      A BOOM FOR THE ARKANSAS CITY

                                            AND FORT SMITH RAILWAY.

The TRAVELER has persistently advocated the right of way through the Indian Territory for railway connection with the south.

We were the first to bring this subject before the public as of material advantage to our city and the State at large, and we have no reason to regret such a step, although our course was criticized by some of our leading citizens as one which would retard and injure the growth and prosperity of our city.

To show the feeling and interest manifested at other points in this enterprise, we publish the subjoined report of a meeting recently held in Fort Smith, Arkansas, taken from the Elevator.

“The railroad meeting on Tuesday night was composed mostly of representative men, and the business was conducted in order and to the point. The object being to get an expression of the views of our people as to the right of way through the Indian country to Arkansas City, Kansas, and to ask our Representatives and Senators to use their utmost endeavors to have a bill passed to change the present status of the Indian in the territory composing the five tribes west of Arkansas, etc.

“Col. Fishback called the meeting to order and briefly stated its object. Major J. H. McClure was called on to preside, and Mr. S. A. Williams selected to act as Secretary. Col. Fishback was called on and addressed the meeting in his usual eloquent and forcible style. He gave all the information that he had been able to gather as to the proposed road and read a copy of the bill introduced in the U. S. Senate, by Senator Harris, of Tennessee, and now pending before that body; after concluding his remarks, the Colonel introduced the following resolutions.

“Whereas, the vast grain and food-producing regions of Kansas need an outlet to the cotton producing regions of Arkan­sas, Louisiana, and Mississippi, while our coal, lumber, and early fruit need an outlet to Kansas; and,

“Whereas the Government of the United States claims the right to eminent domain over all its Territories, when a white man's property interests conflict with the public good, and there is no apparent reason why the Indians should be the only inhabit­ants of the country whose supposed interests are superior to this right of the Government; therefore

“Resolved 1st, That we make no unjust request of the Govern­ment in asking that it allow those Railroads which seek to connect these two regions by rail a right of way across the Indian Territory.

“Resolved 2nd, That our Senators and Representatives be requested to vote for the Bill introduced by Senator Harris to grant a right of way across the Indian Territory to the 'Arkansas City and Fort Smith Railway.'

“And Col. John C. Wheeler introduced the following resolutions:

“Whereas, The Government of the United States owes it to the Indians inhabiting the Territory west of us to civilize them; and,

“Whereas, In its experience with the Choctaws, it has had a fair trial of both policies—that of mixing them with the whites and that of segregation; and,

“Whereas, The Choctaw Indians, while living in Mississippi, subject to its laws, intermingling with the whites, and surrounded by their example and influence, were prosperous and happy, and were making rapid strides toward civilization, but upon being removed to their present location and segregated, they have retrograded and are still retrograding; and,

“Whereas, The Cherokees, instead of advancing in civiliza­tion, are using the means furnished by the U. S. Government, for the education of their youth, in keeping a few officials in Washington, and in prejudicing the full-blood part of the people against all civilizing agencies; and,

“Whereas, History does not furnish an instance of a people becoming civilized by living in a state of exclusiveness, and common sense furnishes no reason why it should be expected; and,

“Whereas, It is believed that a large majority of the Indians in this Territory, who have intelligence to appreciate their interests, are in favor of dividing their lands in severalty and opening their country to immigration and civiliza­tion, but dare not speak out in a community where half a dozen desperadoes are enabled to terrorize an entire community, espe­cially, when urged by those who administer the farce of their local law, and who flourish upon the present condition of af­fairs; therefore,

“Resolved, That it is the duty of the Government as guardian of these Indians to cut off all railroad claims, make them citizens, and divide their lands to them in severalty.

“Resolved, That our Senators and Representatives be requested to vote for any bill looking to this end.

“Resolved, That the Fort Smith papers be requested to publish.

“On motion of Col. Clendenning the resolutions as read were unanimously adopted amid vociferous applause, and on further motion, it was resolved that the Secretary furnish an engrossed copy of the resolutions.”


Arkansas City Traveler, April 14, 1880.

                                                     EDITORIAL NOTES.

The Supervising Architect has passed favorably upon the Cowley County stone. It is to be used in the Government build­ings at Topeka. This opens up a new industry in our county. Several carloads of flagging have been shipped to Kansas City to be used for sidewalks.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 14, 1880.

The C. S. & Ft. S., and S. K. & W., roads are both pushing rapidly towards the State line. The objective point of the former is Caldwell, while the latter, from the best information we can obtain will strike the line of the Territory nearly midway between this city and Caldwell, on section sixteen, township thirty-four, range one east. The main object in view, apparently, with both roads, is to control the Texas cattle trade, and no doubt there will be a lively competition spring up between the two companies. But as the former will have the advantage of two shipping points, one at this place, and the other at Caldwell, it is evident that it will at least receive its share.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 14, 1880. Editorial.

                                                           THAT ORDER.

An order has been made by the war department to remove all the cattlemen from the Territory. This will cause a great sacrifice of property as there are thousands of head of cattle herded there; though without warrant of law, an implied right has been recognized by the Government.

If the Cherokees have a lawful right to collect tax for grazing cattle on the outlet, then it follows that the Government has no authority for removing the cattlemen therefrom.

Our next proposition is that if the Government has jurisdic­tion over these lands, then it is clear that the Cherokees have no authority for collecting tax from the cattlemen.

If either view of the case is correct, then a wrong has been practiced by the opposite side.

We have heard this question argued by the ablest men in the Government and yet a division of opinion exists. Whatever controversy may spring from the question, the fact remains that the grass on millions of acres annually burns and goes to waste that could be of benefit in pasturing herds and bringing wealth to the country.

If the Government takes the view that the proper way to restrain people from settling in the Territory is to drive all classes therefrom, then in justice to citizens along the line who own herds that graze in the Territory this order should not apply, as these people do not pretend to make settlement on that “sacred soil.” The order simply disputes the rights of the Cherokees to collect a tax while it provides no protection to the cattlemen who have paid a tax.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1880.

The K. C., L. & S. have decided to extend a branch from Oxford to the State line, near South Haven. Three surveys have been made, the line of the road finally located, and the material is on the ground. It will be completed in a very short space of time.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1880.

Notices have been posted up on the K. C., L. & S. depot threatening prosecution to any person defacing the depot build­ing. This is right. Persons who will sit down and whittle away for a half hour on a building worth $4,000, at this season, ought to spend a year or two “resting up” at Leavenworth.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1880.

A few days ago Mr. McKinley, of Ninnescah township, narrowly escaped a collision with a train on the road leading out from town by Bliss' mill. He had gotten out near the bluff and was on the track with his team when a construction train on the K. C. L. & S. road came backing in towards town. Mr. McKinley had time barely to jerk his horses back from the track and to jump from the wagon when the train was pushing by. The shave was a close one, and hereafter Mr. McKinley will come to town by the west bridge.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1880.

The State Board of Railroad Assessors came in last week by a special train over the K. C. L. & S. The following composed the party: James Smith, Secretary of State; John Francis, State Treasurer; Willard Davis, Attorney General; P. I. Bonebrake, State Auditor; and Lieut. Gov. Humphreys. The Board was accompa­nied by C. C. Baker, of the Commonwealth, Col. O. E. Lenard, of Lawrence; Division Superintendent Barnes; Mr. Ewing of the Thayer Headlight; Mr. Perkins, of the Iola Register, and Mr. Young, of the Independent. They spent the evening looking over the city, taking in the COURIER office in the rounds. They left Thursday morning.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 21, 1880.

At a railroad meeting held in Caldwell on the 15th inst., the citizens subscribed $1,100 in money, 280 acres of land, and 919 town lots as an inducement to secure the branch road of the Southern Kansas and Western railroad.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 21, 1880.

A petition was signed by a large number of stock men of Kansas City last week and forwarded to Senator Vest, at Washing­ton City, protesting against the removal of stock from the Territory, and asking him in connection with Senator Plumb to take such steps as may be necessary to prevent the issuing and carrying into effect of such an order. General Pope stated to Mr. Oaks, General Superintendent of the Kansas City, Ft. Scott & Gulf road, that he knew nothing of such an order and did not think one was to be issued.


Winfield Courier, April 22, 1880.

The extraordinary cut in freights made by the Santa Fe railroad has been the subject of much comment for the past few days. The company is now carrying goods from Kansas City to Winfield and Wellington in car load lots for five cents per hundred, and in broken lots for ten cents. We learn that a pool has already been agreed upon to take effect in a short time. The K. C. L. & S. is making no attempt to compete with the Santa Fe road in rates, and is simply lying low until some adjustment of the matter is reached. The result of this will probably be the establishment of higher rates than have heretofore been charged, and perhaps a discrimination in favor of towns north and east of us which are not touched by both roads, and where each can adjust the tariff to suit themselves. If this proves to be the result of the pool there is fun ahead, for our people will not tamely submit to the dictation of these corporations.

LATER: We learn through Mr. Garvey, agent for the Santa Fe at this place, that the cause of the break was not a desire on their part to force a pool, but solely to protect their shippers from cuts by the K. C., L. & S. to outside parties.

That if a pool is decided upon, he has the word of Mr. Goddard, general freight agent, to the effect that enough of the territory around Winfield will be included in the pool to protect us from discriminations in favor of other towns near us. As the Santa Fe is chiefly interested in Winfield and the management has no favorite town in the vicinity, we may suppose that they will insist on the above conditions.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1880.

The K. C., L. & S. bridge across the Walnut was finished last week. It is a magnificent iron structure and is a credit to the company.


Winfield Courier, April 29, 1880.


About forty members were present at the Arkansas Valley Press Asociation meeting held in Winfield April 17th along with a large number of visitors from different parts of the state.

After the meeting adjourned, the guests were shown around the city by the citizens, in carriages. In the evening a grand ball was given by the citizens at Manning's Hall, after which a banquet was served at the Central Hotel, which was a superb affair, the elite of the city being present, and speeches, toasts, and responses by leading citizens were the order of the evening.

Another report: near one hundred members of the press were in attendance. “It is altogether probable that before another year rolls around, the newspapers of southwestern Kansas will be organized and able to protect themselves against the eastern frauds and bummers who have so long lived and grown rich at the country publisher's expense.”

Another report: “Some fifteen or twenty came in on the Santa Fe and were duly taken in and done for; given complimentaries to the De Grasse concert and tickets to bed. Saturday morning, bright and early, they were taken out to see the many improve­ments, and, of course, the Cowley county stone quarry, court­house, water mills, cemetery, churches, palatial residences and cottage homes, fine hotels and sidewalks, and last but not least, the two breweries. Oh, ye gods! But was not that fruit for the indigent editor?

The evening was spent very pleasantly in dancing and social converse at the opera house. Promptly at 12 o'clock the music ceased, and the friends were invited to the Central Hotel where three forty-foot tables were groaning under a weight of good things and decked with evergreens and flowers. At 3:40 a.m., the party were safely seated in the cars, their faces turned in the direction of home, everyone wishing they could stay in Winfield forever, etc.

Another report: “After a pleasant ride across to Winfield through as beautiful country as there is to be found in Kansas, we landed in the bright, enterprising, and handsome county town of Cowley. Omnibuses and carriages were in attendance, and all the editors and their friends were soon most hospitably cared for. The programme of the citizens' committee provided a theat­rical entertainment for those who arrived on Friday. Carriage drives, boat rides on the small steamer any hour on Saturday, and after the adjournment of the editorial convention, a ball at Manning's splendid opera house followed by a banquet.

The convention met at 2 o'clock p.m., Mr. Hoisington, of the Great Bend Register,  president, in the chair; Mr. Walker, of Peabody, Secretary. The introduction of Mr. McDermott, who welcomed the editorial association in behalf of the citizens was done very gracefully by Mr. Black. Mr. McDermott in well chosen witty and eloquent words welcomed the editors and their friends to the City of Winfield, and tendered the hospitalities of their citizens.

The ball in the evening which was attended by the editors, visitors, and many citizens of Winfield was a brilliant success. The fine hall was built by Col. Manning, and is well adapted to large parties. The landord of the Central House deserves special mention for the large variety, excellent character, and great abundance of the good things prepared for his talbe at the banquet announced at 12 o'clock at the conclusion of the ball. Prof. Lemmon, who was master of ceremonies, succeeded in seating the guests, numbering about one hundred and fifty. Major Ander­son, Judge Hanback, and irrepressible Pangborn opened the  trouble by singing “Carve dat Possum.” Short speeches were made by various parties and the best of feeling prevailed. At 2 o'clock the party broke up and the “good-byes” were reluc-tantly said by the visitors, most of whom left for their homes on the 3:40 morning train.

Another report: “We were greeted as the guests of the city, sumptuously entertained, 'busses and carriages were at the disposal of the editors, and the beautiful city was shown to best advantage, a little steamboat constantly played up and down the Walnut to give the editors what Kansas people seldom enjoy, a steamboat ride—there is fourteen miles of still-water navigation in the Walnut at that place—bands played, and the “crack” military com-pany of the State turned out for dress parade, while flags and banner streamed from housetops.”

Another report: “The editors were met at the depot, placed in carriages, and escorted to the town by the Winfield Guards, who made a handsome appearance in their light uniforms. Winfield with its handsome buildings, and fourteen miles of stone side­walk, was a wonder to all who never saw the place before. The editors paid a visit to the quarries where the wonderful Cowley County stone comes from. Among others they visited the quarry of Babcock, Sarjeant and Smith, and saw the stone which is going to go into the new Government building at Topeka. The stone is what is known as the magnesian lime stone, but is of much finer texture than either the Junction City or Cottonwood. The editors visited the Winfield foundry by special invitation to witness the casting of a fourteen foot column; they also were taken on an excursion seven miles up the Walnut in a beautiful side wheel steamer, which was gaily decorated for the occasion.

“Notwith­standing the pleasure provided, the editors made time to attend some business. They were in session about five hours and covered considerable ground in their deliberations. Nineteen new members joined the association.”

                                        GOLDEN GATE, NEWTON, KANSAS.

“The A. V. E. A. held at Winfield on Saturday last proved, as a social gathering, a grand success, the enjoyable features of which far exceeded any former meeting of the association; as a business meeting, it was—well, yes, it was—very pleasant.

“Through the courtesy of the officers of the Santa Fe road, a special train of three coaches, under the charge of Major Tom Anderson, and Ass't Supt. of Newton, was placed at the disposal of ye editors and invited guests.

“Leaving Newton at eight a.m. with the genial Geo. Manches­ter at the helm, we were soon speeding southward, our engineer throwing gravel in the prairie chickens' faces at a lively rate. A special committee of three, consisting of State Supt. Lemmon, Maj. McDermott, and Lafe Pence, Esq., came up from Winfield on the morning train, and were soon circulating through our train, distributing badges to the fraternity, together with 'bus tickets and hotel and private house billets. All were full of mirth and jollity, and all “went merry as a marriage bell” until we came within about six miles of Wichita, when snap went our bell cord, and looking out, our engine was seen flying down the track envel­oped in a dense cloud of steam and fast widening the distance between it and our train. Coming to a halt, it backed slowly up and we found that an engine flue was burst and the boiler was empty. Taking in the situation at a glance, Maj. Anderson started for a farm house, and securing the services of a bareback rider, dispatched an order to Wichita for another 'motor.'  While waiting, Dickey undertook the task of supplying the ladies with a yaller nosegay. After securing THREE, begged off on the ground that long understanding and a crick in the back interferred with graceful stooping, and he was excused. After a delay of an hour and a half, we were again in motion, and excepting a 'hot box' and the loss of the train chest, no further accident occurred.

“At Winfield the military company and Winfield cornet band waited at the depot from 9 to 11, and failing to get word of our whereabouts, disbanded. Reaching there about noon, 'busses and carriages were soon filled, and we were whirled to our various destinations in different parts of their beautiful city. Ourself and wife were assigned to the home of the Conklin Bros., of the Monitor, whose mother entertained us right royally and in true Engish style. After a refreshing face bath followed by an excellent dinner, we were driven to the Opera House, where the association assembled for business, the details of which we will leave for the secretary's report.

“During the afternoon all who wished were given a steamboat excursion on the river, which proved very enjoyable. At the close of the afternoon session, carriages were provided and a pleasant ride around the city given to all who desired. The evening session was held at the sanctum of Bro. Millington, of the Courier, after which all repaired to the dress ball, complimentaries to which had been given by Bro. Conklin during the afternoon. The 'beauty and the chivalry' of Winfield were out in force, about one hundred participants taking part. It was one of the most enjoyable events of the kind it was ever our good fortune to attend. Previous to the ball Bro. Allison, of the Telegram, distributed with a lavish hand complimentaries to the banquet, and at low twelve all repaired to the Central, where long lines of tables, loaded with every delicacy, awaited the throng. Prof. Lemmon was master of ceremonies, and in a very happy manner did he conduct them. Maj. Anderson 'carved dat possum' as he only can.

“Sufficient credit cannot be given for the princely manner throughout with which the entire party was entertained, and all returned to their homes with feelings of the highest regard not only for the editors, but for all the citizens of the queen city of the Walnut Valley.

“Winfield as a town was our first love, and we have never ceased feeling a strong regard for the place and its great hearted, liberal citizens. Surrounded by rich bottom lands for farming, and upland where ten thousand, thousand cattle can be grazed; possessing as it does unequaled (in our state) natural advantages, consisting of excellent water power, also timber skirting the streams, and the finest building stone in the world, coupled with the enterprising spirit of its citizens, which has resulted in the erection of magnificent churches and public buildings, business blocks, and numerous palatial residences, which are among the finest in the state, it offers inducements to the immigration of capital and labor which are excelled by no city in our glorious state. And we predict for Winfield a future which shall place it in the front rank of noted cities of the great west.”

Another report: “The Editorial Association held at Winfield on Saturday last was the largest convention of the association that has yet been held, sixty members being in attendance. The convention met in Manning's opera house at 2 p.m., and on behalf of the mayor and citizens was warmly welcomed to the city in an appropriate address by Capt. McDermott, extending the hospitalities of the city. This very able address was responded to on behalf of the editorial association by H. X. Devendorf, of Topeka. Shortly after these formal addresses the convention adjourned until 7 o'clock p.m.”


Winfield Courier, April 29, 1880.

“On Saturday last at 8 a.m. we boarded the excursion train at the depot in Newton with thirty or forty of our ladies and gentlemen, invited guests to the Press Association at Winfield. The train was in care of Major T. J. Anderson, whom the Santa Fe authorities always select to conduct their first class excursion trains when they propose to capture the good will and commenda­tions of the public. In this position, for social merriment and general good management, Major Anderson has no superior, if any equal, in the United States. Thoroughly posted in the details of such work, including all the wants of human freight, he is ill at ease without he makes every man, woman, and child under his care as happy as himself; and at all times and under all circumstanc­es, he is the embodiment of gentility, wit, and humor and as happy as can be.

“The train moved out on time and kept up its good record until within six miles of Wichita, when one of the flues of the engine gave way, and the train was delayed for about two hours, while a man could be mounted on horseback and sent to Wichita for another engine. Under the guardian eye and self-inspired amuse­ments at once improvised by Major Anderson, every excursionist was made perfectly contented, and the time passed as though only minutes instead of hours were lost.

“Soon with a new iron horse we were again en route for Winfield. About noon our train passed gracefully across the Walnut river on the new and substantial bridge of the Santa Fe road, and was rushed into the depot at Winfield.

“This being our first visit to Cowley county and Winfield, of which we have heard so much, we will give our first impres­sions of them. The scene at the depot was one of stirring life and animation. The approaches were filled with omnibuses, carriages, etc., and brought together by appropriate and well organized committees, and the editorial fraternity and the other invited guests were carried to all parts of the city, which were freely opened to them. We were driven on Main street where we had a good view of the city and its surroundings.

“To say that we were pleased with the city of Winfield but feebly expresses our feelings. It is laid out a good deal like Newton, and in many respects resembles our city. On a more thorough inspection, we came to the conclusion that, if not the first, it was certainly the second city of the southwest. It is very pleasantly on the south and west banks of the Walnut river at or near its junction with the Timber, gently sloping to the south and east, making drainage easy and natural without grading. It contains a well sustained population of fully three thousand, is most substan­tially built, and has some of the finest business blocks and palatial residence in the state of Kansas. We have not time to speak of particular buildings, locations, etc., but will on future occasions.

“The city, up to this time, has been built up and sustained by the growing necessities of the surrounding rich and productive country, and when it is remembered that Cowley county has an acreage of over 700,000 acres, 300,000 of which is now in a good state of cultivation, and that the population of the county is over 23,000 and that all these broad acres are the very best in Kansas, it is not to be wondered at that Winfield has become, without any artificial inflation or nourishment, one of the subtstantial and thrifty towns of the state. Such is Winfield today, and such has been her surroundings, and such will be for all time to come.

“Now since she has obtained her present prosperous condition simply through the necessities of her rich surroundings and without the aid of railroads, what may we expect will be her future since she has recently become quite a railroad center, with all the added advantages such thoroughfares bring?

“It is our opinion that she is yet in her infancy, with her splendid water power, her inexhaustible quarries of splendid magnesian limestone and flagging, the abundance of walnut, oak, and other hard wood on the banks of all her surrounding streams, her fine brick clay, and her hundreds of thousands of acres of the best farming-lands in Kansas, she will have in ten years ten thousand wealthy, happy, and prosperous people. And in due course of time, for all these reasons and on account of her central location, and the inevitable opening up of the Indian Territory, that garden spot of America, to settlement and im­provement from which she will draw support and tribute, she bids fair to be the great city of southwestern Kansas.”


Winfield Courier, April 29, 1880.

We never felt so contented with our lot as an editor as we did Saturday, at Winfield. For, thanks to our editorial brethren and the rest of the good people of that beautiful city, every newspaper man who presented himself was made to feel as if he had come among friends who had known him and his grand-daddy—not to speak of the rest of the family—for a century or more. After leaving our magnificent city—we allude to Caldwell—we spent Friday afternoon at Wellington, where we had a good time with the Press and Democrat boys. We took pleasure in looking over the improvements of our county seat.

The Wellington and Caldwell delegation took the 5 o'clock train Saturday morning for Winfield. We were met at the depot by D. A. Millington, of the Courier, in charge of the requisite busses and carriages to transport us to our hotel. Millington would have brought along a couple of brass bands, if he had known that the editor of the Caldwell Post was on the train, but not being informed of that fact, he let the musicians rest, so as to get the necessary wind for the day.

We were escorted to the Central Hotel, the head­quarters of the association, and where was assembled the majority of the editors of the valley. Here was assembled as fine an array of genius, wit, and intellect as graced any hotel. The association held three sessions, namely, in the forenoon at 10:30; in the afternoon, and then again in the evening. During the afternoon session the monotony of business transactions was relieved by a very pleasant incident. Miss Mollie Devendorf, a daughter of Mr. H. X. Devendorf, of Topeka, was adopted as the “daughter of the Arkansas Valley Editorial Association.” She is a young lady of very pleasing manners, as “bright as a button” and as “smart as a whip.”

During the day the editors were entertained in every con­ceiv­able way. Hauled around in omnibuses and carriages, steaming about on the beautiful Walnut, marched about, waltzed around, toasted, fed, and serenaded. The military company paraded before us and saluted, and every mother's son of us felt as if he was a “bigger man than General Grant.” Then the ladies smiled on us so that our hair stood on end. In the evening a dress ball was given in our honor at the Opera House. By dress ball, we do not mean to say that balls in Winfield generally were conducted without dress, but we intend to state the fact that the editors of the valley on that “auspicious occasion” brought out their best necktie and put on a clean shirt. After the ball a banquet was served at the Central. It was none of your cracker and cheese affairs, we tell you, and wish that our housekeeper would serve up meals like that every day, without calling on us for an additional outlay. We sincere­ly deplored the necessity of having to depart from our kind hosts, but we were under the painful necessity of escorting some of our Wellington brethren back to the bosoms of their families, for they were too “exuberant” to be left to find their way home all alone.

We sincerely thank our brethren at Winfield for their kind and courteous conduct, and for their royal treatment of us while on our visit, and we pray that they will extend our thanks to the good people of Winfield.


Winfield Courier, April 29, 1880.


The Arkansas Valley Editorial Association held its regular quarterly meeting at Winfield Saturday. The occasion drew together many besides the editors. Some ten or fifteen went down from Topeka, and others joined the procession at different points. From Newton not less than twenty, fully one-half of whom were ladies, went down on a special train from that place Satur­day morning. The special train was run by the A., T. & S. F. railroad to accommodate the editors from the Upper Arkansas Valley, who, by this act of the railroad, saved one day in time. That railroad company, by the way, is all the time doing some­thing to accommodate the public, and we sometimes think that because of their generosity on so many occasions whenever asked, that more is expected of it than from any other railroad company in the state.

There can be no doubt that the A., T. & S. F. do more in the matter of accommodating the public on such occasions than any road in the state, and we guess than any road in the United States.

It was our first visit to Winfield, and while we supposed we were acquainted with the condition of things there, we confess that we were disappointed. We did not suppose it possible for a town over forty miles from a railroad, as Winfield has been till within the past few months, to be built up so substantially and to give such evidence of wealth and solidity as the place shows. Winfield has finer residences than Topeka and the business blocks are fully equal to any here. We presume that our readers in the eastern part of the state will open their eyes wide when they read this, but it is true. There is on every hand signs of wealth and stability that is astonishing to those who stop to remember that it is only about ten years since the first settler went into Cowley county.

The stone quarries, which are just coming into notice, from the fact of the stone from them being accepted with which to build the new post office in Topeka, must take a good deal of money there and help to build up Winfield. The quarry from which the stone is to be brought here is about a mile and a fourth from the depot of the K. C., L. & S. and 1-3/4 from the Santa Fe depot. A track will undoubtedly be laid soon to one or both of these roads. There are in Winfield twelve miles of walk laid with this stone, and it has been used in many buildings in that city. We visited the quarry and should judge that it is inex­haustible and easily got out.

The people of Winfield treated their visitors right royally, taking them over the city and surroundings, giving them boat rides, a ball, and banquet, and opening their houses to them.

It was our good fortune to be cast upon the tender mercy of Frank Williams at the “Williams House,” one of the coziest, cleanest, and most homelike places we have been at for a long time. On the Walnut is a little steamer about twenty-five feet long, with ten feet beam, and a nicely fitted up cabin. This runs with pleasure parties, we believe, up to Arkansas City, some twelve miles. A good many of the editors and their friends took a ride on this steamer, and enjoyed it hugely.

The ball at the Opera House, owned by our old friend. E. C. Manning, was a perfect success. The music was perfect, better than we have heard on similar occasions for a long time. The attendance was large, but not so much so as to be over-crowded. For elegance of dress and appearance, the ladies of Winfield are fully equal to those of any of her sister cities in Kansas. The banquet, which was served at the Central Hotel, was excellent.

State Supt. Lemmon, whose home is in Winfield, was master of ceremonies. We should not neglect to mention that Major T. J. Anderson was with the party from Topeka, and, as usual, kept everyone in a good humor on the way and while at Winfield, especially at the banquet. He was assisted by Judge Hanback and others in story telling and singing.

We would be glad to give a more extended notice of Winfield and her big-hearted generous citizens, but time forbids. We cannot, however, close without returning thanks to W. M. Allison, of the Telegram, and his family, and General Green, for particu­lar favors shown us.

We have given so much space to Winfield that we have little left for the Association. For the present it is enough to say that this meeting was more largely attended than any previous one.

The address of welcome by Mr. McDermott was chuck full of wit and humor. The response on behalf of the Association by H. X. Devendorf was much more than usually well written and eloquently delivered.

The next meeting will be at Wellington, on the 16th of July, and will be held two days, Friday and Saturday.

We shall give the official report when received.

[HON. W. F. WHITE, OF THE A., T. & S. F.]

Winfield Courier, April 29, 1880.

Hon. W. F. White, general passenger and ticket agent of the A., T. & S. F. road, was in this city yesterday canvassing to learn the sentiments of our people and businessmen in relation to a change of the time table on that road. It is proposed that the regular passenger train leave here at 4 o'clock p.m., connecting at Newton with the regular passenger trains both east and west, and reach Kansas City at 5 o'clock in the morning. Returning, leave Kansas City at 11 o'clock p.m., connecting with the east bound and south bound trains at Newton, and reaching Winfield at noon. We are satisfied that this change will be made and be hailed with joy by all our people. Mr. White is one of the most efficient and gentlemanly young men of this great and popular company, and is making hosts of friends throughout the west.


Winfield Courier, April 29, 1880.

We availed ourselves of a kind invitation to attend the meeting of the Arkansas Valley Editorial Association at Winfield, Kansas, on the 17th inst. It was a large gathering of the editorial fraternity of the Southwest. We there met the old veteran editors of the Kansas press: F. P. Baker, Geo. W. Martin, C. G. Coutant, J. H. Folkes, Judge Muse, A. J. Hoisington, Mr. Millington, and younger members of the craft with a great deal of pleasure. It was an assemblage of unusually fine looking men. To the editors of Winfield, Messrs. Millington, Allison, and Conklin, the members of the convention, and invited guests, our obligations for their personal attention. Saturday night there was a ball in Manning's hall, and the beauty of Winfield was there in matchless loveliness, and at midnight the assemblage sat down to a splendid banquet at the Central House, the introduction to which was given by Tom. Anderson, of Topeka, with the song of “Carve dat Possum,” and then full justice was done to the magnificent supper.


Winfield Courier, April 29, 1880.

We arrived at Winfield about noon and were met by a commit­tee of citizens, with half a dozen busses and full a score of carriages in waiting, and were escorted to hotels and private residences, according as the guests had been assigned by the deputation that met us on the train. It was my good fortune to become the guest of Bretton Crapster at the Central Hotel. Messrs. Millington, Conklin, and Allison, the three publishers of the town, as com-mittee, were assiduous in their devotion to the guests. In the afternoon the busses and carriages took us about the city to see the sights.

Winfield is very pleasantly located in the valley of the Walnut, surrounded by hills and old trees, both of respectable height. The town has a substantial thrifty look. It is laid out regularly. The business houses are on several different streets, and are built mainly of stone from the neighboring hills. The sidewalks, of which there is said to be over ten miles in the city, are all made of flagstone. There are many fine residences of stone and brick, though the former predominates  The stone is a white limestone, containing very little or no iron, as very little or no discoloration was noticed, even on the oldest buildings. Beautiful and tastefully laid out gardens, abounding in flowers and shrubbery, were to be seen on every hand. Numer­ous were the gardens containing cherry, plum, apricot, and peach trees, already arrayed in full green, and fairly loaded down with their wealth of white and pink blossoms. Vegetation is fully two weeks in advance of what it is at the Bend.

In the evening I found Leftwich, of the Larned Optic, was very sick; but thanks to Millington of the COURIER,  and other citizens, he was well cared for from his arrival. The physician in attendance said he would fix up Mr. Leftwich so that he would be able to ride home with his friends.

At night the guests and citizens assembled early at the opera house to attend a grand dress ball in honor of the guests. This is a hall capable of seating 700 persons. Now it presented a clear floor space of perhaps 50 by 80 ft., on which twelve sets in quadrille danced at one time and had ample room. There were perhaps 125 couples present, and in all, nearly 300 people were at the ball. The music was exceptionally excellent. It was said to be Fero's band from Wichita. It consisted of five pieces: a square piano, bass viol, violin, cornet, and clarionet. This last would be an accession to any band. Its clear, sweet tones were heard so distinctly in every part of that vast hall that there was no danger of missing the time.

At 11:30 the dance ended, and dancers sped home to avoid being caught in a frightful storm that was coming up from the south. It, however, after sprinking a little and blowing much, passed off to the east.

After midnight a banquet was served at the Central House, and participated in by about 150 persons. Supt. Lemmon was master of ceremonies and commenced by inviting Major Anderson to “Kyarve dat Possum,” which was soon done, the company joining largely in the chorus. Speeches were made by other gentlemen, and altogether the occasion was a very enjoyable one.


Winfield Courier, April 29, 1880.


. . . . In due time an engine arrived, and at half past twelve the train steamed into Winfield, as pretty a little city as lies in Southern Kansas. The band, military company, and citizens, who had awaited our arrival for hours, hearing of the accident to the train, had gone home, but the reception committee were there, with carriages and omnibuses, and in a short time the party were being driven to hotels and private residences, where they had been assigned. It was our good fortune to be placed under the care of Mr. J. P. Short, city clerk, and to him and his excellent lady we owe much for the enjoyment of the day.

At four o'clock the editors, their ladies, and the invited guests, were taken about the city in carriages, and then to the wharf on the Walnut, where was tied up the steamer Necedah, a small steamboat, 31 feet long, built to run on the Walnut. For several hours the little craft was kept busy steaming up and down the river, giving the editors and their ladies an opportunity to try a life on the ocean wave. The Necedah carries twenty passen­gers and navigates the river fourteen miles above the city.

In the evening a grand ball was given at the opera house, and at 12 o'clock a banquet was tendered the guests at the Central Hotel.

The entertainment of the association by the citizens of Winfield was elaborate. No expense, time, or trouble was spared to make the occasion the happiest and most enjoyable since the inauguration of their quarterly meetings. The work of entertain­ing was not left alone to the committees, but each citizen appeared to make the day a pleasant one for visitors. Winfield is a city of 3,000 or 3,500 inhabitants, beautifully located in the Walnut valley, surrounded on the north, west, and south by timber and on the east by a range of hills and mounds. The town is built on a slight elevation, just enough to make the drainage good. It has two railroads, the A., T. & S. F., and the K. C., L. & S.; three newspapers, the Daily Telegram, W. M. Allison, editor; the Monitor, J. E. Conklin, editor, and the COURIER, D. A. Millington, editor.

Nearly every branch of mercantile business is represented. Stores, hotels, banks, mills, foundries, and breweries had the appearance of active business. Owing to their quarries of superior building stone, Winfield has in the whole a better class of buildings than most young towns in Kansas. Their walks are laid with flagstone, and altogether there is a little over ten miles of sidewalk in that lively little city.

Winfield Courier, April 29, 1880.

The K. C., L. & S. is having the main part of the work for the western division done at the Southwestern Machine Works. They claim that they can get it done cheaper and better at Winfield than in any town along the line.

Winfield Courier, April 29, 1880.

Capt. C. M. Scott was in town last Friday. He was on his way to Harper county to sell the stock belonging to the state, consisting of horses, mules, harnesses, wagons, tents, etc.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 5, 1880.

W. B. Strong, General Manager, accompanied by other offi­cials of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad, and a number of Boston capitalists, came down the road Saturday last. They are on a tour of inspection of the entire line.


Winfield Courier, May 6, 1880.

The first train on the K. C., L. & S. railroad carried a large lot of newspaper seeds in a broken package, and scattered them all along the line. Subsequent rains and warm weather have caused them to sprout up at Elk City, Longton, Elk Falls, Grenola, Burden, and Oxford, with four other stations to hear from. The probable dry weather may cause several of these young newspaper sprouts to wilt down and die, but we do not predict. Go in, boys, and win if possible. We admire your pluck.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1880.

Capt. C. M. Scott was in town last Tuesday. He is selling the state ponies used by the Patrol Guard last summer.

Winfield Courier, May 13, 1880.

A special meeting of the Board of County Commissioners was held Tuesday afternoon, for the purpose of appointing someone to represent the county at the meeting of the stockholders of the Cowley, Sumner & Ft. Smith railroad, which will be held at Topeka on the 15th inst. General Manager Strong was empowered to cast such vote.


Arkansas City Traveler, May 19, 1880.

                                                         THE INVASION.

Just now the Indian Territory invasion is attracting no little attention. Within a week several army officers and agents have been in Wichita trying to ascertain the bottom facts. The dispatches assure us that an army of squatters have marched upon the forbidden ground. We don't believe a word of it. Capt. Dave Payne, of this place, with several men, have gone down to the Canadian country. Lieut. Steadman, who was in Wichita Saturday, said he had just returned from an extended tour through the Territory, in which he had not met a half dozen teams. The boom is kept up by a few adventurers, which spirit is backed by corporations anxious for the opening of the lands.

From dis­patches sent to the editor of this paper from the Department, we are satisfied that the Government will remove every man, peace­ably if possible, but remove them at any cost. The special dispatches sent out that the people of Sedgwick County are flocking by hundreds to the Territory are thin canards and without the least foundation in truth.

The Caldwell Commercial says that Captain Pardee with a force of men, conduct­ed by John Meager, had started after Captain Payne's settlement on the Canadian. Wichita Eagle.

We cordially invite the attention of the Kansas City Times to the above.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 19, 1880.

Only one application for cattle license has so far been made to Maj. D. W. Lipe, the treasurer of the Cherokee Nation. Hurry up and pay, gentlemen, and don't keep the Major waiting. Caldwell Post.

The above tax is five cents a head more this year than it was last.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 19, 1880.

The mail carrier from Fort Reno reports the arrival of the first herd of the drive having reached Wild Horse creek, Indian Territory. The herd consisted of two thousand beeves, all through cattle, and all in excellent condition.


Arkansas City Traveler, May 19, 1880.

One of the most important acts of Congress last week to this section was the favorable report of the House Railway Committee, upon the bill incorporating the Cherokee & Arkansas Railroad Company. The bill grants no land except 100 feet on each side of the track for bed way and allows the condemnation of 20 acres for each way station. The route of the proposed road is to be from Arkansas City, in Cowley county, Kansas, down the valley of the Arkansas river to Fort Smith, Arkansas, a distance of about 200 miles. The road will probably cross the M., K. & T. at Muskogee or near Fort Gibson. The completion of such a road will be of vast advantage to our city and this section as it will open up a new southern outlet for western produce and give us a direct line of railroad to Western Arkansas, one of the richest sections of the State. The gentlemen interested in the proposed road are Boston men of large means and credit, and it is thought steps will be taken for its construction as soon as the bill now before Congress becomes a law. Kansas City Price Current.

We are glad the gentlemen of the above paper can see a bonanza for their city in the extension of the Santa Fe road from this place to Fort Smith, but in the abundance of our joy for our enterprising neighbors up the road we would quietly call the attention of businessmen and capitalists to the importance of Arkansas City when this extension is completed. It is a fact that Arkansas City is to be the shipping point for the Santa Fe road in Southern Kansas. We were assured of this no later than last week by an officer of the above road.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 19, 1880.

50,000 head of cattle have passed Fort Worth, Texas, for Kansas. They will be shipped on the new roads on the Kansas border.


Arkansas City Traveler, May 26, 1880. Editorial.

Capt. D. L. Payne, who recently piloted a colony into the Territory for the purpose of occupying the disputed lands of Oklahoma, was arrested by United States troops at Ft. Reno last week. He was acting upon the advice of Hon. Ben Franklin and other eminent jurists in going upon these lands, and claims that he expected nothing less than an arrest in so doing, but thinks it will lead to the judicial settlement of this vexing question. The “judicial settlement” will be nothing more than the ejectment of all parties invading these domains, peaceably if possible, by force if necessary; and the sooner the people accept this view of the case, and turn a deaf ear to the songs of the Kansas City Times and the Hon. Ben Franklin, the better it will be for them. You can't go to stay yet awhile, and you might as well stay away altogether.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 26, 1880.

                                            CATTLE IN THE TERRITORY.

The Caldwell Post states that there are 40,000 head of cattle west of the Chisholm trail in the Indian Territory. The following herds, held east of the trail, south and west of Arkansas City, will swell the number to 60,000.

Cocanut, on the trail: 2,575

Gilch & Wait: 300

Burress, on Salt Fork: 300

Capt. Nipp, on Shawascaspa: 150

Kincaid, on Thompson creek: 600

Bates & Beale, on Thompson creek: 2,000

Gatliff & Dixon, on Bitter creek: 200

Jas. Hamilton & Co., Pond creek: 3,000

Jas. Estus, on Red Rock: 200

Potter, on Red Rock: 300

Badley, on Red Rock: 160

Dean Bros., on Bear creek: 600

Wiley & Libby, on Bear creek: 400

Musgrove, on Polecat: 600

Malalla, on Pond creek: 2,900

Richmond, on Shawascaspa: 600

Riney, on Inman creek: 400

Manning, on Thompson creek: 600

Dunn & Co., on Deer creek: 700

Cloverdale & Stafford, on Bodoc: 300

R. A. Houghton, on Bodoc: 150

In addition to these there are a number along the State line, and several herds in the Nation, the number of which we did not learn.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 26, 1880.

Cocoanut's herd of through Texas cattle, numbering 2,500 head, are now on the trail immediately south of this city, en route for Baxter Springs to be delivered to the purchaser of the same at that place.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 26, 1880.

Mr. A. A. Wiley, formerly of Maple City, has moved his family to Winfield, having rented his farm. He is now giving his entire attention to stock. He is holding his cattle on Red Rock, in the Territory, and reports plenty of rain and excellent grass in that region.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, May 26, 1880. Front Page.

                                             THE SANTA FE DIRECTORS.

As was expected Mr. T. J. Coolidge, of Boston, was chosen president of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad company and all its branches, with scarcely a dissenting voice, in the fact Mr. Nickerson retired of his own motion.

The complete list of the directors and officers of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe road now reads as follows:

DIRECTORS: T. Jefferson Coolidge, Alden Speare, I. T. Burr, C. W. Pierce, B. B. Cheney, C. J. Paine, S. L. Thorndike, G. A. Gardner, all of Boston; W. Powell Mason, of Walpole, N. H.; S. A. Kent, of Chicago; C. K. Holliday, of Topeka; B. F. Stringfellow, of Atchison, L. Severy, of Emporia.

OFFICERS: T. J. Coolidge, President; W. B. Strong, Vice-President and General Manager; E. Wilder, Secretary and Treasurer; G. L. Goodwin, Assistant Secretary and Assistant Treasurer; J. P. Whitehead, General Auditor; E. Young, Auditor; B. L. Thorndike, Comptroller; A. S. Johnson, Land Commissioner. Mr. Coolidge is, of course, President of all branches and auxiliaries of the Santa Fe.


Arkansas City Traveler, June 2, 1880.

The A. T. & S. F. R. R. ran their first train into Caldwell on Saturday, of last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 2, 1880.

South Haven has unanimously agreed to vote eighteen thousand dollars in township bonds to secure the extension of the S. K. & W. R. R. from this city. Sumner County Press.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 2, 1880.

Two more companies of cavalry are expected soon. They will patrol the line to keep out Oklahomaists. One company will probably be stationed here. Caldwell Post.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 2, 1880.

Stock men will take notice that Major Lipe is the only Cherokee tax collector and that he has only one deputy, Judge George O. Sanders. No taxes will be collected elsewhere than at Caldwell, and only by the above named gentlemen so that any persons representing themselves as his deputies are not qualified to make such collection.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 2, 1880.

A detachment of Co. I, 4th U. S. Cavalry, numbering some forty-nine men, and under command of Lieut. Budd, were camped on the Arkansas River west of town last Wednesday and Thursday. They were eight days out from Ft. Reno and on their way to Coffeyville, where they expect to make headquarters until further orders. This was the detachment that recently arrested and escorted to the lines at Caldwell Capt. D. L. Payne, of Oklahoma fame.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 2, 1880.

The south end of the Arkansas River bridge has been repaired and is now in good shape. It is in better condition than it has been for six months. That speaks well for our democratic

assessor. Democrat.

Yes, and now we come to remember the Arkansas bridge was washed away about four years ago, when the same democratic assessor was in office. Of course that “speaks well” for the “democratic” official, doesn't it?

Winfield Courier, June 3, 1880.

We are indebted to Mr. Fred Hunt for the following.

The county clerk's figures show the total taxable property, including real, personal, and railroad, to be $2,889,968. This is an increase over last year of $730,821. The railroad property valuation in the county is $322,112, leaving the real increase in personal and real property $408,821. There are in the county 161,374 acres under cultivation; an increase over last year of 23,792 acres; and 72,112 acres are now green with growing wheat. Over a half-million bushels of old corn are cribbed in bins throughout the county. 21,769 sheep roam over the pleasant slopes; 7,300 horses toil in the fertile fields and help eat the 25,062 tons of prairie hay that were cut in 1879. 5,626 cows furnish the milk from which the busy house-wives have made 31,978 pounds of butter. This partly shows the prosperous condition of Cowley, and her steady advancement in wealth and prosperity, all owing, of course, to Republican rule.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 9, 1880.

There was a convention of stock men at Caldwell last Thurs­day, called for the purpose of taking some action with reference to paying taxes on cattle held in the Territory. After organiz­ing and passing a series of resolutions, they appointed a commit­tee of three to wait on Major Lipe, treasurer of and collector for the Cherokee Nation, informing him that the stock men were willing to pay twenty-five cents per year on every head of cattle held by them in the Territory, but that any heavier tax was considered exorbitant and more than they could afford to pay. Major Lipe, however, refused to entertain their proposition, saying that fifty cents per head was the least he could take, and for all through cattle he should charge at the rate of five cents per head a month. We are informed that this decision will be the cause of many cattle men leaving the Territory: the larger holders driving their cattle further west, while the smaller dealers will probably hold them in some of the border counties, preferring to do a little feeding rather than pay such a high tax. In view of the fact that there is some doubt as to the legality of this tax, and when we think of the great number of cattle on these lands, we think Mr. Lipe will be making money enough at twenty-five cents.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 9, 1880.

L. Kokonut, who recently drove a herd of cattle to Coffeyville, while on the road, came in and purchased a large bill of supplies of Schiffbauer Bros. He expressed himself very much surprised at the showing made by our town and at the accom­modations it afforded to all needing supplies of any kind.


Arkansas City Traveler, June 9, 1880. Back Page.

                                             THE PROPOSED RAILROAD.

The House Railway Committee agreed, on the 6th, to report favorably a bill to incorporate the Cherokee and Arkansas rail­road company with authority to construct and operate a line of railroad and telegraph from Arkansas City, in the State of Kansas, through the Indian Territory, following the general line of the Arkansas river to a point at or near Fort Smith. The capital stock is not to exceed $4,000,000 and shall be divided into shares of $100 each.

Section five of the bill has been amended in the Committee so that no lands shall be granted to the road in aid of this construction through the Indian Territory, except in conformity with existing treaties governing the relations of the United States Government with the Indian tribes living there. The section allows a hundred feet on each side of the track and twenty acres for each way station. It further provides that private property may be condemned in accordance with the law of 1864, relative to the construction of a railroad from the Missou­ri river to the Pacific Ocean. Ex.


Winfield Courier, June 10, 1880.

Capt. David L. Payne's invasion of the Indian Territory has come to grief, as everybody expected.  Payne and his “colonists” have been arrested by a detachment of the Fourth Cavalry, under command of Lieut. Gale.  And there was no fight, notwithstanding Payne's vehement declarations that all of the streams of the Indian Territory would run with gore if any attempt was made to interfere with him and his colonists. Sedan Times.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 16, 1880.

A full company of U. S. troops are now in the city, and will remain for a few days.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 16, 1880.

Capt. Robeson, U. S. A., and company, after buying supplies of Schiffbauer Bros., started south yesterday, we presume on the lookout for Oklahomaites.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 16, 1880.

Mr. F. D. Russell, the general western freight and passenger agent of the St. Louis & San Francisco railway, favored us with a call last week. He was canvassing this section of the country in the interest of his road, with a view to securing a portion of the freight traffic, the main inducement offered by this road being a saving of time. Freight from St. Louis is delivered in this county three days sooner than by way of Kansas City, while the rates are just as cheap, if not cheaper. Mr. Russell is a wide-awake, thorough-going businessman. If all the agents and employees are of his stamp, the road is bound to work up a large business.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 23, 1880.

Ten carloads constituted the first shipment of cattle made from Caldwell over the A. T. & S. F. railroad on Tuesday, June 16, 1880.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 23, 1880.

Water is getting scarce in the Territory, and we learn that Driftwood, Salt Fork, and other streams in the Nation will have to be scraped out in order to obtain water for stock.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 23, 1880.

And now South Haven is considerably worked up at the pros­pect of having a rival town in close proximity. Hunnewell is the new burg’s cognomen, and its location was fixed by the railroad company four miles south of South Haven, on the State line.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 30, 1880.

C. M. Scott brought a young wolf back with him from the Territory, having carried the same in his saddle bag a distance of two hundred miles. This is pretty good for C. M., but a little tough on the wolf—and so young, too.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1880.

Winfield is to be represented in the new town of Hunnewell. Ed. Roland and Bob O'Neal will open a hardware and drug store there next week.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1880.

Several car loads of fat sheep were loaded at the A. T., & S. F. depot Saturday, for shipment to Colorado. They averaged 140 pounds each, and were the finest lot of sheep ever sent out of Cowley.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1880.

A bicyclist was on the streets Tuesday with one of his machines. He is making an effort to introduce them here. The exorbitant price charged is the only thing that deterred several of the boys from purchasing.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 30, 1880.

Capt. C. M. Scott is once more in our midst, after an absence in the Territory of about five weeks. The Captain is looking hearty as usual, as also does his redoubtable aid-de-camp, “Texas Frank,” who yet blooms in all the glory of his Samsonian adornment.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 30, 1880.

We have received a letter from J. H. Sherburne, of Ponca Agency, in which he says he was the party who unhitched Rev. Thompson's horse from the fence surrounding his lots on a recent Sabbath. Mr. Sherburne says he has built a fence around those lots twice, only to have it pulled down by horses hitched thereto during church services. He closes by saying:

“I have kept a notice posted there nine months out of each year for the past two years—long enough for any but a blind man to see. But, then, there are none so blind as those who won't see. I am tired of putting up signs of which no notice will be taken, and put this where all can see it. If you will please be kind enough not to hitch to my fence any more, you will have no trouble in finding your horses. J. H. SHERBURNE.”

Arkansas City Traveler, June 30, 1880.

Let us suggest to the numerous county papers that come to our table that they learn how to spell “Hunnewell.”  It is named for a director in the east and west road.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1880.

Hereafter the K. C. L. & S. will make up all their freight trains at this place.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1880.

The new town of Hunnewell is still booming badly. Over thirty houses are up and ready for business, conspicuous among them being a large two-story saloon and gambling house, a circus tent used for a dance hall, and other concerns for the entertain­ment of the festive cowboy. From two to three trains of cattle are being shipped from there daily.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1880.

Mr. Tim Sullivan is at Hunnewell in charge of Ford & Leonard's new business there. Tim is one of the best boys in Southern Kansas, is a first class businessman, and is fast becoming a necessity to the enterprising firm for whose interests he has worked so faithfully.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 7, 1880.

                                RAILROAD TO ARKANSAS CITY, KANSAS.

The best way to build it is from Ft. Smith, on south side Arkansas river to where the M. K. & T. crosses the Arkansas, and then on the same bridge and up Hominy creek or the Arkansas river. The Choctaw people always desired to unite with the first road to Ft. Smith, and aid in its extension, and we believe will do the same yet. Ft. Smith (Arkansas) Elevator.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 7, 1880.

The cattle drive this summer from Texas to Kansas has been largely composed of young cattle that were contracted for last season, to be delivered at Red Fork ranch and along the Kansas line. A few weeks since 2,200 head of yearlings were delivered at $8.50 per head. From June 10 to June 24, 76,232 head of cattle and 3,172 head of ponies came up the trail, consisting of forty cattle herds and six pony herds.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 7, 1880.

There has been plenty of rain in the Territory, and the streams and water holes are well filled.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 7, 1880.

Parties going on a journey through the Territory can reckon the amount of supplies needed from the following basis, which is generally adopted by the army, and consists of the rations re­quired by one man in one day: Bacon, 3/4 lb.; flour, 1-1/3 oz.; rice, 2 oz.; coffee, 2 oz.; sugar, 3 oz.; potatoes, 6 oz.; beef, 1-1/4 lbs.; beans, 3 oz.; tea, 1/3 oz.; vinegar, 1/2 gill; molasses, 1/12 of a gill.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 8, 1880. Front Page.

George Flatt, formerly city marshal of Caldwell, Sumner county, was killed at that place last Saturday night by the friends of two Texan cow-boys, who were killed last summer by the ex-marshal. Junction City Union.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 14, 1880.

BOLTON RANGERS. All members of this military company are requested to meet at the Bland schoolhouse next Saturday, June 17, at 2 p.m., without fail. There is considerable business of utmost importance to transact. It is the intention to draw new arms for the company, also new uniforms. Don't fail to be on hand. R. HOFFMASTER, Captain.

JOHN LEWIS, Lieutenant.

Winfield Courier, July 15, 1880.

It is reported that Capt. Payne has again invaded the territory, this time from Arkansas City with twenty-five men, and expects reinforcements.  He thinks he is a “bigger man than Uncle Sam.”

Winfield Courier, July 15, 1880.

Capt. C. M. Scott came up from the Territory Monday and spent an hour in our sanctum.

He reports “everything quiet on the border.”

Arkansas City Traveler, July 21, 1880. Editorial Page.

                                                  THE INVASION BOOM.

St. Louis, July 10. The scheme to settle on Government land in the Indian Territory is gaining strength daily, and quite a boom in its favor is being started here. T. D. Craddock, a lawyer, and one of the Oklahoma Company, came here a few days ago to work up the scheme, and has received telegrams from Effingham, Maroa, and other places in Illinois, stating that a number of persons will be here Monday ready to go to the Territory.

Advices are also received from Western Kansas that hundreds of families, who have suffered from drought in that country, are on their way to Oklahoma.

A letter has been received from H. L. L. Hill, an old scout, who was with Capt. Payne last spring, in which he says the party which left Kansas last Sunday arrived safely at their old head­quarters and found the corn and vegetables planted in the spring in fine condition. Jack Bettle, a scout from Texas, was found here, and he stated that a thousand men from Texas would be in the Territory in a few days. Hill wrote from Arkansas City, at which point he telegraphed to numerous parties along the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe and Kansas Pacific railroads, to push on at once. It looks as though the invasion of Territory would be formidable and that if the military are instructed to eject the intruders, there will be a conflict.

The above is published as a sample of the dispatches that have been sent from St. Louis during the past two weeks to eastern papers.

For the benefit of all who contemplate a removal to this land of promise in the Indian Territory, we will state that there is not a word of truth in the foregoing telegram, and parties invading the sacred precincts of Oklahoma will find out to their cost that we speak the truth.

So far as we know, Capt. Payne never was in Arkansas City; certainly not with hundreds of men and an outfit for starting a colony. It is reported that he recently sneaked into the Terri­tory with about thirty men, going by Hunnewell, and a later report says he was captured by a detachment from Ft. Reno. Be that as it may, if he has gone into the Indian Territory again, he will be arrested as soon as the troops can find him, and removed therefrom forthwith, the Kansas City Times and its hirelings to the contrary notwithstanding. The authorities at Washington have a faint idea that they have something to say in this matter.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 21, 1880.

We understand that Taylor Kay and a few other families living near Bitter creek have gone into the Indian Territory, bound for the Oklahoma country. They'll come back.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 21, 1880.

Lieut. Steadman and detachment, stationed at Coffeyville, came in Saturday afternoon, and started on their return trip to Coffeyville, via Kaw and Osage Agencies, Monday evening. Those who think Capt. Payne will not be molested are requested to watch the movements of the troops.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 21, 1880.

Corporal DeLeon, Co. “H,” 19th infantry, was in town Satur­day morning with a scouting party of four, having come over from Caldwell in search of information concerning the movements of Capt. Payne, who was reported to have been in this vicinity. He returned to Caldwell Sunday.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 21, 1880.

                                                       RAILROAD NEWS.

A Boston company have secured a charter for a railroad from Little Rock, on the south side of the river, to this place, with a view of making connection with the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railway at Arkansas City, Kansas. Ft. Smith Elevator.


Winfield Courier, July 22, 1880.

Washington, July 17. General Pope telegraphed to the War Department this morning of the arrest of Payne and 22 of his followers, and asked for instructions as follows. “Am I to understand that the government wishes this gang turned over to the U. S. Marshal at Fort Smith, Arkansas, for trial?” The Secretary of War will order the delivery of Payne and his men to the civil authorities for safe custody, and in the meantime, as some new questions are involved in the case, the matter will be referred to the Attorney General for his opinion as to the mode of civil prosecution to be instituted against them.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1880.

The K. C. L. & S. road is building new stock yards near their bridge on the Walnut. They will also put in a new tank.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1880.

The pool between the two roads at this point has been broken and a “go-as-you-please” rate established. We hope that the differences between the two roads may be speedily adjusted, as the unsettled rates are as disastrous to the consumers as it is to the roads themselves. Let them adopt a fair impartial tariff and stick to it.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 28, 1880.

One Watterman, the thief that stole J. J. Brane's horse on Monday night of last week, was caught by Dan Jones, near Caldwell, last week. The thief was taken to Winfield, and the horse returned to its owner.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 28, 1880.

                                             THE OKLAHOMA OUTLOOK.

                                           [Special of the Kansas City Times.]

Wichita, Kansas, July 24. Judge Lanek, Capt. Hays' attor­ney, has just returned from Pole Cat, Indian Territory, where Col. Payne is held. He has decided to make no move by habeas corpus, as the question of the right of settlement on the ceded lands would not be brought before the courts. He will await the action of the Government to proceed against Payne for trespass, when the whole question can be brought up. He is confident the courts will declare the lands open to settlement.

At a large private meeting of the Oklahoma colony today, it is understood they resolved that in case Payne is turned loose without a trial they will move into Oklahoma at once five thou­sand strong, and will not again submit to military arrest. Hundreds of letters are received daily at headquarters to join the expedition. One party from Arkansas says they can move fifty strong, fully armed with Winchester rifles.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 28, 1880.

From W. B. Skinner we learn that the Texas fever is getting away with the stock in the southern portion of East Bolton. Mr. Chambers has lost ten head; Mr. Bush seven; and several others one or two, making in all, an aggregate of twenty-five head at this writing.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 28, 1880.

A card from Red Fork Ranch, Indian Territory, dated July 20, reports that the cattle drive is not half so heavy as it was a month ago. Most of the stock herds have gone up, and the beef herds are coming up the trail now. There was plenty of rain and grass at that writing.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 28, 1880.

There are a great many herds of cattle held about Pond Creek, Indian Territory, for sale this summer. Yearlings are held firm at $8.50 and $9.00, and some even as high as $12.00; two-year-olds $13.00 and $15.00. The cost in Texas this year is from six to ten dollars per head. It costs about one dollar per head to drive up a herd of 2,000 or more.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 28, 1880.

Hunnewell has a bank.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 28, 1880.

“Boss” herders throughout the Territory get from $50 to $75 per month, while the hands are paid from $20 to $30.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1880.

The K. C., L. & S. railroad company are fitting up commodi­ous and convenient stock yards near the bridge. The work is done in the superior manner usual for that company.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1880.

We hear of a great mortality among cattle in the territory, twenty dying of Texas fever in one lot.


Winfield Courier, July 29, 1880.

Quite a lively freight war has been going on in Cowley and Sumner counties for some time. Cattle have been shipped from Caldwell and Hunnewell in large quantities at $10, $1, and even nothing per car load to Kansas City. Recently common freight rates from Kansas City to Winfield were put at ten cents per 100 pounds. We like competition, but so bitter a war and such spasmodic low rates, besides being damaging to the roads, are really injurious to shippers as placing them in such a state of uncertainty. Steady and fixed rates, as low as is reasonable, are better for everybody concerned.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1880.

If the K. C., L. & S. railroad should ever take a notion to build a branch to Wichita, we suggest that the junction be made at Winfield and go up the Walnut Valley to Douglass, thence to Wichita. The cost would be much less by this route and the necessary aid could be easily raised.


Arkansas City Traveler, August 4, 1880. Front Page.

The government is not dealing justly with Payne and his followers in the attempt of the latter to occupy the public lands in the Indian Territory. These lands are either subject to settlement or they are not, and Payne and his party have either violated the law or they have not.

As they are under arrest by the government they should have a speedy trial and this public land question and the right of the people to occupy those lands should be forever set at rest. The people will hold the authorities to a strict accountability for the manner in which they are dealing with Payne and his follow­ers. All that the friends of the movement ask is that Payne be turned over to the civil authorities and tried without delay, that the rights of the people to occupy the lands in question may be determined.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 4, 1880.

Howard, Rexford & Howard last week discontinued their branch store at Hunnewell, building at that point having about stopped.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 4, 1880.

M. L. Bangs is now in the employ of the K. C., L. & S. railway. M. L. has for many years been connected with the Southwestern Stage Company, and will be missed by the b'hoys.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 4, 1880.

From several persons lately returned, we learn that the Hunnewell boom is decidedly weakening, and scarcely any trade doing but in whiskey and ammunition. Just as we expected.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 4, 1880.

J. P. Musselman, of Grouse, was in town yesterday and informed us that he recently sold all his cattle at good figures. He considered himself fortunate, for cattle both above and below his place are dying with the Texas fever.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 4, 1880.

Will someone who knows please inform the Silverdale Stock Protective Union as to who is secretary of the State Anti-Horse Thief Society?  Address Silverdale, Kansas. The sheriff of the county is requested to communicate with the union for mutual benefit in case of need.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 4, 1880.

                                             KILLED IN THE TERRITORY.

Another of those incidents with which the “cow boys” ' life is so often illustrated took place at the Salt Fork, Indian Territory, resulting in the shooting, by G. W. Padgett, of W. H. Stephens, who has been employed for some time past as boss herder for Maj. Hood of Emporia.

The circumstances were briefly thus: A dispute had arisen as to some cattle which Stephens had picked up on the trail, and which Padgett claimed to have the right to cut out. Several talks were had, and Stephens became very abusive, and even went so far as to use his quirt upon Padgett, in consequence of which the shooting was done. The statement of a large number of herders is to the effect that Stephens was of a very over-bearing and abusive disposition, and constantly quarreling with his men. The murderer attempted to escape, but was captured and carried to Wellington to be examined before Commissioner Jones of that city. We understand the plea of self-defense will be advanced. It is stated that the home of the murdered man was in Comanche county, Texas, from which state also hails the murderer. The body was interred at Wellington by Hubbell & Co., upon the request of Maj. Hood.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 4, 1880.

                                            [Dr. Minthorn, Agency Physician.]

People who are fond of representing that the Ponca Indians are dying off rapidly are requested to note the fact that during the past eight months only five have died at this Agency, which includes the Nez Perces also. As the two tribes number about nine hundred, we agree with Dr. Minthorn, the Agency physician, that the rate of mortality compares favorably with that of any city in the Union.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 4, 1880.

The Little Rock & Fort Smith railway want to extend their line. They now purpose arranging to build a road from Fort Smith to a junction with the M., K. & T. railway south of the Canadian, use the track of the latter to the north bank of the Arkansas, thence build up the north bank of that stream to the line of Kansas and connect with the A., T. & S. F. railway at Arkansas City. Indian Herald.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1880.

The K. C. L. & S. have the track laid west of Wellington nearly to the Harper county line.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1880.

Under the law as it is understood the school districts through which the railroads run get all the benefit of the railroad taxation, while the greater number of school districts in the county, though paying their proportion of interest and principal on the R. R. bond debt, get none of the benefit of the taxation. This is wrong and should be righted.


Arkansas City Traveler, August 11, 1880.

Gibson Station, in the “B. I. T.,” was the scene of excite­ment and carnage lately. A feud between the Cherokee Indians has been developed and growing in intensity for sometime. Finally it culminated in blood, on an open prairie, in sight of Gibson Station. Two Cherokees met seven armed blacks and a fight immediately ensued. One of the Indians was killed and the other badly wounded, while, on the other side, one colored man was slain and five others dyed the sod with their blood. The excite­ment is intense. The glitter of revenge gleams from the fierce eye of the Cherokee as he dons his war paint. The cry among them is, that every colored man must leave their reservation or be killed. The colored folks refuse to go. Many of them were born and bred in the Territory and have Indian blood in their veins. They claim a hereditary interest in the soil and propose to fight until death before surrendering it or being driven from their homes. The handful of troops at the Fort will amount to little or nothing in the fray. Things look bloody in that section. Let our colored friends take warning and give the “B. I. T.” a wide berth, at least for the present. Parsons Republican.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 11, 1880.

                                    THE INDIAN TERRITORY TROUBLES.

Muskogee, Indian Territory, August 3. The Cherokees to the number of about 300 have been in camp for a week past near Gibson Station, and have only been restrained from attacking the negroes by promises that the murderers of young Cobb should be delivered over to them. The Cherokees agreed to wait until today, and if they were not forthcoming they propose to take them, no matter what they cost. A formal demand was made on Chief Checote, of the Creeks, for their surrender, and today D. W. Bushyhead, principal Chief of the Cherokees, W. H. Adair, Assistant Chief, United States Indian Agent Tufts, and the Assistant Chief of the Creeks and Private Secretary of Chief Checote, held a long consul­tation. Checote was too ill to attend.

The result of the conference is not yet known, and is of secondary importance now, as it is strongly rumored that the men who are wanted have already escaped from the country. What action the Cherokees will take cannot even be surmised. They may give it up and go home, or they may attack the negroes at any hour. On Saturday the two parties charged on each other, and had got within speaking distance when a blinding rain storm came up and drove them from the field. On Sunday the Cherokees again mounted to a man, and formed a line of battle, but finally yielded to the persuasion of the Chief. Tomorrow will definitely decide whether it is to be peace or war. Cowan is still alive, but very low.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 11, 1880.

Just by way of keeping in practice, a man was shot over at Hunnewell last Saturday, and another one on Sunday.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 11, 1880.

Al. Burton, who was reported killed in the eastern part of the State last fall, has turned up at Hunnewell, and we under­stand he is now deputy sheriff of Sumner County.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 11, 1880.

The gentle boys have been having some more fun at Hunnewell. On Tuesday of last week a drunken Texas cowboy was setting in front of Schiffbauer's store, and seeing a barrel of coal oil on the sidewalk, he thought it would be so much fun to shoot at it, which he did forthwith. As the oil spurted out he fired again, and continued shooting until the oil was streaming from the barrel in five different places. He then broke three large panes of glass, and rolling his eyes around, declared “he hadn't had so much fun for a year.”  The foregoing little pleasantless, together with his losing a new revolver, cost the gentleman the snug sum of $50. Some of these fine days a cowboy will run against the biggest kind of a stump when he attempts to show himself off in the above style. Some men won't tolerate it.


Winfield Courier, August 12, 1880.

Capt. Payne and three others who are arrested for the second time have been sent to Fort Smith for trial. Fifteen of the Oklahoma company who had been arrested but once were taken to the state line and ordered to skip.


Winfield Courier, August 12, 1880.

“Hackney is a railroad attorney,” is the whine of a few individuals who are engaged in the business of making political capital for Mr. Pyburn.

That the firm of Hackney & McDonald has been employed to transact some legal business for the Kansas City Lawrence and Southern railroad is a fact. The firm was retained for this purpose more than a year ago, long before Mr. Hackney was men­tioned as a candidate for the State Senate. The engagement was for an indefinite period and is liable to terminate at any time. It was only for the prosecution of certain special cases. The firm was employed because of its recognized ability and not for any political reason. All who know Mr. Hackney are fully satis­fied that such business transactions will not, in the least, influence his action as a legislator. Did they have any influ­ence whatever, it would be to cause him to be more guarded of the people's interests. His ambition and his past fidelity to the public trusts confided to him are a sufficient guarantee of his future faithfulness.

How is it with his Democratic opponent? Was he employed as attorney for the A. T. & S. F. railroad because of his legal ability, or because of his occupying the position of State Senator? Does anyone acquainted with the bar of this city and county believe that this great corporation deliberately selected Mr. Pyburn, from among its members, because of his standing as an attorney? In other words, does one of our readers believe he would ever have been appointed attorney for the Santa Fe railroad at this place, if he had not been our State Senator? He is still our Senator, and while serving in that capacity, receives bread and butter from a railroad corporation. The query is: Did he prostitute his official position for a soft place with a great corporation?

Railroad companies do not employ attorneys because they look wise and are good fellows. It is only after the people have given such fellows the control of sacred interests by putting them into responsible official position that they become valuable to these great corporations.

Now, taking the records of these two men, which is most likely to prove true to the people? Mr. Hackney has never betrayed us, while Mr. Pyburn's position is, at best, a question­able one.

The private citizen, Mr. Hackney, has rendered honorable service as an attorney for both individuals and corporations. He has done this work for compensation. There has been nothing dishonorable in this. It has been such service as every attorney in the county would have been glad to render.

Mr. Hackney has been employed to do that work, because individuals and corporations have had confidence in his ability and integrity. No one can point to a public trust of any kind that he has ever betrayed.

Next winter we shall want just such a man as Mr. Hackney to look after our welfare at Topeka. His interests and ours are identical. He has pledged himself to stand by his constituents.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1880.

Parsons has fifteen saloons, Hunnewell eleven, Wellington nine, Winfield four.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1880.

The Texas cow boys shoot and smash around generally and have their own way at Hunnewell.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 25, 1880.

Capt. Scott came in from the west last Monday, looking hale and hearty.

Capt. C. M. Scott has purchased 500 acres of land near the mouth of Grouse creek, with a view of making it a stock ranche.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 25, 1880.

Al Burton, of some renown at this place, is one of the marshals at Hunnewell, drawing one hundred dollars per month. Al carries lead in his body from old scores and will probably carry more.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 25, 1880.

As the accommodation train was speeding along toward Winfield last Thursday morning, with some eight or nine freight cars in front of the passenger car, a coupling pin broke between the fourth and fifth freight car, when about four miles from Winfield. The engineer did not notice the accident until he had nearly reached Winfield, when he returned for the rest of the train.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 25, 1880.

County Surveyor Haight laid out a new town on the L. L. & G. road in this county last Monday. It is situated in range 8, at the locality heretofore known as Grand View Tank. Mr. Haight is now engaged in making a very elaborate county map for the use of the Register of Deeds. [Note: Town became known as Grand View. MAW]

Arkansas City Traveler, August 25, 1880.

                                        NOTES FROM WESTERN KANSAS.

                                            FORT DODGE, August 20, 1880.

Editor Traveler: It is a matter of surprise to see how fast these western counties are settling up. Sumner may be said to be densely populated, still there are hundreds of acres yet un­claimed, and much of that claimed and improved has not been entered. Harper is well settled with a farming class of people, where they should be stock growers.

Along the line of Barbour can now be seen many houses where last year they were few and far between. This is a recognized stock county, and will become wealthy. In Comanche, Clarke, and Meade counties, where only a year ago nothing but "cow camps" could be found, men are now there with their families—some trying to farm, others raising sheep and cattle. Next to the Pan-handle of Texas the latter three counties excel as a sheep country. The grass is alkali or buffalo grass, very nutritious, and remains green the entire year. In all these counties there are thousands of acres of land to be bought at one dollar per acre on the Cherokee Strip, and that on the Osage lands will be sold this fall to the highest bidder. In many instances timber and water can be had.

Most of the stock cattle held about Caldwell have been sold, and the shipping cattle are being driven to Nickerson, on account of the number of native cattle dying with fever in that vicinity.

At Dodge City yearlings were sold at $8 and $8.50 per head, and some offered for $7 per head after they have been picked over. Colorado sheep are offered in any numbers at $2 per head. They are very thin in flesh, yet if well wintered would prove a profitable investment. The sheep mania seems to be universal, and cattle men are becoming alarmed thereat, claiming that where sheep feed the cattle will die, as sheep bite the grass so close that the hot sun strikes into its heart and soon kills it.

During the past two weeks Western Kansas has had an abun­dance of rain, and the "range" never was better, although grass is too short to make hay.

No one need go west of Barbour County with any intention of farming. There is not rain sufficient to grow corn or wheat. Millet does well, and is a good substitute for corn, and alfalfa or Chinese clover should do equally well. It is a stock country, nothing more.

                                                            C. M. SCOTT.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 25, 1880.

Hunne"hell" is the latest pet name for Sumner County's new town.


Winfield Courier, August 26, 1880.

It is said that in the Wichita convention someone stated that J. Wade McDonald was a soldier in the rebel army, and that in response one delegate stated that he would vote for a rebel soldier full as soon as for a union soldier, and another said that he questioned the democracy of any man who would oppose a man because he wore the grey.

Now, we do not propose that his friends shall be allowed to make capital for him among Democrats by making them believe he was a rebel soldier and killed Republicans. We boldly assert that such is not the case, but that J. Wade McDonald was a soldier in the Twentieth Illinois infantry, a regiment whose preserved banner is emblazoned with the names of Fredericktown, Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Corinth, and Vicksburg; that he killed Democrats, that he was discharged from service on account of wounds received, and that he still carries rebel lead in his thigh. We don't believe he will be a popular candidate with his party.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1880.

W. L. Mullen bought at Caldwell last week five thousand head of Colorado stock wethers. Iowa men bought at the same place seven thousand head at $2.25.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 1, 1880. Front Page.

                                                      CAPT. D. L. PAYNE.

Capt. Payne and five of his comrades, H. H. Stafford, J. K. Jarratt, J. Brophy, A. H. Riggs, and W. H. Smith, were brought in by the military last Friday, after a long detention, and turned over to the U. S. court, at this place. He found here no crimi­nal charge against him, and was set at liberty at once and cited, together with his five comrades, to appear to November term of the U. S. court, to answer charge of going, the second time, into the Indian Territory.

Capt. Payne was very desirous to answer the charge at once, and without delay, but it cannot probably be well attended to by either party—plaintiff or defendant—at present.

It is a very important matter and will, no doubt, be decided by His Honor, Judge Parker, when tried in accordance with the genius of our Republican institutions, consistent with the spirit of the age in which we live, and in the great interests of civilization and advancement, and in the encouragement, as has always been the case, of the hardy, energetic, and bold pioneers of our country, a liberal construction of the law. Ft. Smith Elevator.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 1, 1880. Front Page.

If any of our young friends are pining for glory in the field of journalism, we recommend them to read the following letter from the editor of the Indian Journal. It presents a good opening for a young man who would "just as lieve live as die."  The writer's name is Albert Harvey, formerly of Erie, Pennsylva­nia, and writing to one of home friends, he says:

                     "INDIAN JOURNAL OFFICE, Muskogee, Indian Territory,

                                                              July 5, 1880.

"Brother: Muskogee is in the heart of the Creek Nation—the meanest, most treacherous, and murderous savages on the face of the earth. There are about two thousand Indians here, any amount of negroes, and possibly 1,000 whites. The Indians and negroes largely intermarry, notwithstanding it has been stated they hate each other. The community here is almost wholly lawless, but there is better order here now than a short time ago.

"There are three policemen at Muskogee—all Indians. A man is never arrested. If he steals, or commits any crime to amount to anything, he is run down and shot dead. They used to kill about two men a week here, but since the police have been ap­pointed by the government, there is not usually more than one a month, and then it is generally a drunken Indian who defies the police. The latter have no clubs—using but the cheerful revolver. If they think a man is behaving badly so as to warrant interference, they pull down on him their big weapon. If he doesn't weaken right there, his friends are obliged to carry him and bury him.

"I suppose I am considered general superintendent of the Indian Journal office, as the foreman, devil, compositor, press­man, job printer, and editor most of the time. Being the only man employed in the office, I have a good time.

"In the editorial room two short guns ornament one corner, there are two in my bedroom, one in the composing room, and when I am not asleep, I wear a belt containing two revolvers and thirty-four cartridges. Every man is armed, not on the offen­sive, but because there is no other way here of settling a difficulty.

"I want an associate editor; can you recommend one? ALBERT."


Arkansas City Traveler, September 1, 1880.

A drunken driver upset the stage coach between Skeleton Ranch and Fort Reno, on last Sunday, in which there were several passengers, among them a Mrs. Looney, who was somewhat injured. The whiskey, our informant says, was furnished by the marshal of Wellington. A fine specimen of a law preserving officer he must be to so far forget himself while off duty for a short time as to pour whiskey down a man who has the lives of others in his hands. The stage company promptly discharged the driver, which was right.

Caldwell Commercial.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 1, 1880.

Drury Warren, the well-to-do cattle man of Grouse Creek, made our office a pleasant call last Thursday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 1, 1880.

We had the pleasure of meeting Lieut. Shelley last week, and had quite a chat with him. The Lieutenant was in charge of a squad of men from Coffeyville, who had been scouting for Oklahomaites in the Territory.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 1, 1880.

Hunnewell now has a post office of its very own, with Frank Schiffbauer as postmaster. We congratulate Frank upon his appointment, and hope in his case the pay will be commensurate with the work done. We'll be fooled if it does, though.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 1, 1880.

Richard Boddinghouse, a private in Company A, 16th infantry, stationed here last summer, was recently promoted to the posi­tion of quartermaster's clerk. While at Coffeyville last week he forged orders to the amount of $165 and skipped out with the money thus obtained. The soldiers are after him, but as yet with no success. Before leaving this place he allowed that he was a dead beat. He is a foreigner with a splendid education, but no sense.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 1, 1880.

Mr. Hallowell, United States District Attorney, has been quite a frequent visitor to our city lately, owing to the numer­ous cases brought before the United States Commissioner at this place. He is a most cordial gentleman, and makes new friends at every trip. He is a vigorous prosecutor of crime, but will not lend himself to the prejudices of any parties simply to persecute persons against whom a charge has been manufactured.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1880.

W. L. Mullen has sold the five thousand sheep he bought at Caldwell.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 8, 1880. Front Page.

The Sioux Chiefs Spotted Tail and Red Cloud have taken their children away from the Indian school at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, because corporeal punishment was inflicted there.  “My boys and girls,” said Spotted Tail to the Superintendent, on a recent visit, “shall never be whipped by anyone with my consent. I will not leave them at a school, or any other place, where the whip is used. A whipped boy is apt to grow up a whipped man. Unless he has some spirit or life in him, it is better that he know noth­ing. A whipped man has neither spirit nor life.”

Arkansas City Traveler, September 8, 1880.

Hunnewell has a large three-story frame hotel just completed, but at this writing it is not occupied. A new grocery and liquor house has just opened out. The more the merrier.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 8, 1880.

Mr. and Mrs. Frank Schiffbauer of Hunnewell spent Sunday last in the City. Frank reports business in Hunnewell for the past week as pretty good, over ten thousand head of cattle being shipped East from there in that time.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 8, 1880.

Cattle in the Territory are dying at a great rate. Mr. Warren, of Grouse, we understand intends to ship what steers he now has on hand at once. Mr. Green, of Grouse, and the Dean Brothers have also lost heavily—over fifty head each.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 8, 1880.

One Davis, a Texas man, has driven upon the range selected by Mr. Warren and upon which he had put up some 75 tons of hay for consumption this winter. Quite a time is being had, but we presume the difficulty will be amicably adjusted.


Winfield Courier, September 9, 1880.

                                               WINFIELD, Ks., Sept. 7, 1880.

EDS. COURIER: In the Daily Telegram of Monday is an article entitled “Two Edged Swords,” in which among other falsehoods, is the following:

“Hackney during the last legislature spent the full term there. Knowing Pyburn, Hackney suggested to the Santa Fe people his employment.”

This in the personal organ of Senator Pyburn, is peculiarly significant.

I did not go to Topeka as the paid attorney of any railroad company, as this article charges. The people of Cowley had no railroads. Our bonds had been voted to the Santa Fe company on condition that this company should build the road in a limited time. Before the company had effected the loans necessary to raise the money with which to build this road, the legislature met and immediately was commenced a war on the Kansas roads, seeking by legislation to take the control of them from the men who furnished the money with which to build them, and to place it in the hands of men to be appointed by the Governor.

These movements on the part of the legislature had the effect to so intimidate Boston capitalists who were to furnish the money to build our railroads, that they would not invest. The committee which had been appointed by our citizens were notified that this road could not be built if the proposed legislation should be effected.

Thereupon the committee and citizens of Winfield and Cowley county were alarmed, and applied to me to go to Topeka and try to prevent the passage of what was known as the Rigg's bill. Busy as I was at the time, and much as it cost me in the loss of valuable law business, I was prevailed upon to go for ten days. At the expiration of that time I should have returned, but for the personal solicitation of General Manager Strong, who assured me that the pending legislation was having a disastrous effect upon the attempts of the company to raise the money to build our road. At his request, I remained until some time in February, when I met the men who organized the Southwestern Kansas and Western railroad company. I was chosen one of the directors, went to Kansas City, examined into the matter, and became con­vinced that they meant business and could build the road.

I came home with Gen. Blair, their attorney, and the propo­sition to vote bonds to the east and west railroad was submitted. The proposed legislation was defeated; both roads have been built, and the people have the benefit. I have never received one nickle for the time and money I expended in securing these roads. I am still a director in the latter, having been re-elected since because, as I suppose, of their faith in my honor.

Before I went to Topeka, our people hauled their wheat and hogs 50 to 75 miles to Wichita, and there paid $45 a car to Kansas City. In consequence of the building of these two roads through the county, for the last two months our farmers have been shipping their wheat, hogs, and corn from home to Kansas City for ten dollars a car, and no hauling to Wichita, and have saved enough already to pay the bonded debt.

Then why this railroad howl against me in the Telegram? It is only to try to beat me by any means, fair or foul.

No railroad corporation or agent of one has ever approached me on the subject of what will be my course with regard to rail roads if elected to the senate. No person, corporation, or firm has ever contributed one cent toward my election or the expenses connected therewith either directly or indirectly, and I never said anything to indicate otherwise. When the impersonal columns of the Telegram or its personal owner says aught to the contrary, it or he simply lies, and I mean this statement to be broad and long enough to cover every charge made in that article and that the shoe shall fit him who asserts and him who circulates these lies, let them be whom they may.

The Telegram says because I knew my man, I could get the Santa Fe people to employ him. Now I assert that Pyburn and I were not divided in opinion but stood on the same platform and acted in concert that winter. I had supposed that the company employed Pyburn because of his ability as an attorney, but the ass-tute manager of the Telegram tells us that such is not the case, but that he was appointed at my request because I knew my man. The Telegram intimates that his employment was not on account of his legal ability but for the purpose of controlling his vote on the pending legislation. This is the only inference that can be drawn from the Telegram article. Verily does Pyburn suffer from this insane zeal to vilify me. It is bad to have a fool-friend. If the Telegram keeps going, it will convince its readers that Senator Pyburn is either a fool or a knave, possibly both. I suppose that Mr. Pyburn attends to such legal business as is entrusted to him by the Santa Fe company. The firm of which I am a member does the same for the K. C. L. & S. company. We do this work for pay just as we work for other clients.

And now I pronounce the fusillade of billingsgate with which the columns of the Telegram have been filled, regarding myself, for weeks and months past, as false, malicious, cowardly, and libelous, and the authors of them characterless hypocrites and malicious scoundrels. I invite the small pack of coyotes who contribute to its columns to do their dirtiest. I expect no favors from them in this campaign and will grant none. My public services are well known to the people of the county; and if again wanted, they will elect me to the Senate in spite of such opposi­tion. If not, I shall be content and henceforth give my individ­ual attention to my business. Respectfully, W. P. HACKNEY.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1880.

The K. C. L. & S. railroad is completed to Harper.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1880.

“The cruel war is over.” Last Monday the railroads came to an understanding, and the old rates established. The low rates lasted over two months, during which time thousands of dollars have been saved to the farmers of Cowley county. One firm in Winfield saved on freight alone over twenty-five hundred dollars, and thus been enabled to sell goods about 7 percent lower than they otherwise would. As it was with this firm, so has it been with all the leading firms in Winfield, and today the farmers of Cowley county are getting 7-100 more goods for a dollar than their less fortunate neighbors in Elk and Montgomery counties.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1880.

The A. T. & S. F. R. R. Co. are building a new round house at Mulvane. It is to be the same size of the one here. Arkansas City Democrat.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.     

The Cherokee Indians were recently paid $300,00 on land sales.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.

Captain Scott is on the wing again, having left for Fort Dodge last Saturday, from which point he strikes out for the wilds of Southwestern Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.

Cherokee Jones, who has fenced in Hunnewell, was in town last week. He is now engaged in looking up the coal fields said to exist on the Cherokee strip south of this city.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.

The rates on cattle from Hunnewell to Kansas City are now restored to the old figures—$40 per car. During the “cut” for some weeks past the Santa Fe and K. C., L. & W. roads only charged $10.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.

Mr. Frank Schiffbauer was brought in from Hunnewell last Friday evening, suffering considerably from neuralgia of the bowels. His many friends will be glad to learn that under good medical treatment he is rapidly convalescing.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.

The Arkansas City TRAVELER of last week contains a letter signed “C. M. S.” purporting to have been written at Fort Dodge. Among other things in the aforesaid letter we find the following paragraph, which is as clear and concise a specimen of unmitigat­ed able-bodied lying as we have seen in many a day:

“Most of the stock cattle held about Caldwell have been sold, and shipping cattle are being driven to Nickerson on account of the number of native cattle dying with fever in that vicinity.” Caldwell Commercial, 2d.

The letter signed “C. M. S.” was written at Fort Dodge by a man who knew whereof he spoke, or at least spoke from information he considered reliable. His business necessitates constant traveling throughout the western portion of Kansas, and while it is a matter of perfect indifference to us, we prefer to accept his statements to those made by the thing at the head of the Commercial. C. M. Scott knows more about stock in a day than the Commercial growler ever can learn.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.

The news in regard to the railroad from Arkansas City to Fort Smith is of the most important and encouraging description. As is well known to our readers, all that the Santa Fe asks from Congress is the right of way through the Territory. This came very near being granted at the last session, and the assurances were then made that with the opening of the forty-sixth Congress, one of the earliest acts of the session will be to grant this right. In conversation with agents and traders of the Cherokee Nation, we discover that the Indians are largely reconciled to the building of the road, and that the most important members of the tribe favor it. Another matter is that the Santa Fe is already doing the preliminary work, and that John E. Thomes, division engineer, will be ordered to make the preliminary survey from Arkansas City, commencing sometime this month. In less than three years Cowley county will have a great trunk-line road, uniting the Kansas system of roads with those of the South, bringing to southern Kansas greater prosperity than her citizens ever dreamed of.      Winfield Monitor.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.

Parties wishing to attend the fair at Wichita, from the 14th to the 17th of September, inclusive, can purchase tickets over the A. T. & S. F. road at $1.60 for the round trip. Tickets on sale from the 13th to 17th, to be used on or before the 18th.

Those wishing to attend the Stare Fair held at Lawrence, in Bismarck Grove, September 13th to 18th, inclusive, can purchase tickets over the A. T. & S. F. road for one-half fare for round trip. Tickets for sale from the 13th to 17th, to be used on or before the 19th.

                                                     O. INGERSOLL, Agent.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.

Messrs. Howard & Rexford have just received a choice selec­tion of firearms, among which are included the Evans magazine gun, a perfect gem for sportsmen, capable of being fired twenty-six times without taking from the shoulder, and the celebrated new patent Merwin & Hulbert revolvers. These goods are in various styles, and cannot fail of giving satisfaction to all who can appreciate a perfect and accurate weapon.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.

Burt Tabler, recently sent to Ft. Smith by the U. S. Commis­sioner at this place, was discharged by the United States Dis­trict Attorney for Arkansas at Ft. Smith, on the ground that there was no case against him. Said District Attorney took occasion to remark, in connection with this case, that if half the United States Commissioners in Kansas were dead, the people would be better off. Just so.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.

One Mardrett was arrested and brought here last Monday for trading in the Territory, and will have a hearing before the Commissioner next Friday at noon. This is the man who got away with hides belonging to the Indians lately.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1880.

Cattle have been dying rapidly, below in the Territory.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1880.

Ten thousand head of cattle were shipped at Hunnewell last week.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1880.

Three extra cars were brought down on the Santa Fe Monday for the accommodation of the militia.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1880.

The Winfield Rifles left Monday afternoon for Wichita to participate in the regimental drill at that place this week.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1880.

The Humboldt Rifles passed through Winfield Monday on their way to Wichita. They are a fine body of men, well officered, and have the reputation of being the best drilled company in the State.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 22, 1880. Editorial Page.

                                                    [Report from C. M. Scott.]

                                                       FROM THE WEST.

                       PEARLETTE, Mead [Meade] Co., Kansas, Sept. 15, 1880.

Ed. Traveler: Away out here in Mead [Meade] County, after passing over nearly one hundred miles of only partially settled country, I find a number of settlers on Crooked creek, raising rice or Egyptian corn, sorghum, millet, peanuts, and watermelons, and the crops would all have yielded well had it not been for a hail storm of last week. So long as the farmers confine themselves to the above crops, they will do well enough, but wheat and corn will fail.

In this high, dry, timberless country, good water is ob­tained at a depth of twenty-five feet.

The grass, although short this year on account of dry weather, remains green the whole year, and it is one of the best stock counties in Kansas. Eighty miles farther west you come to the Colorado line, a vast, sandy, and unsettled country.

The great salt well or “sink” is ten miles below here. A few years ago it covered an acre of surface, and suddenly the ground caved in and three acres dropped down twenty feet. People came forty miles and more to see it. The Salt Plains of the Cimarron are about forty miles southeast.

I have seen all of Kansas, the garden patches of the eastern part, the wheat fields of the north, the well watered, the timbered, the flinty ridges, and the stock counties, and I am glad I live in noble young Cowley. C. M.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 22, 1880.

Lieutenant Wood, in charge of a detachment of cavalry, has been in town the past two days. He is hunting deserters.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 22, 1880.

Our U. S. Commissioner and marshal are making a wholesale business in arresting people. That's right—make hay while the sun shines.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 22, 1880.

The Oklahoma boomers had a tent on the grounds at the Wichita fair last week, with maps, charts, etc., and an agent who supplied all the information asked for.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 22, 1880.

C. M. Scott, writing from Dodge City, Kansas, September 13, says: “Farmers can make more money putting up hay this fall than they can on their corn, considering the amount of labor required.”

Arkansas City Traveler, September 22, 1880.

While the express train was speeding along between Arkansas City and Winfield last Friday, a man was seen standing on the track, eyeing the oncoming train with all the indifference imaginable. Supposing he was an escaped lunatic, the engineer “slowed up,” when the man stepped off the track, grinning as if he thought he had done something smart. A well-directed chunk of coal from the fireman would have served him right.


Winfield Courier, September 23, 1880.

We learn that there is some excitement in this county on account of the belief that Dave Payne has been tried at Fort Smith and acquitted on the ground that the law gives any citizen the right to settle and occupy under the preemption, homestead, and town site acts, any lands which belong to the government; and that under this belief many are making arrangements to invade and occupy that certain tract of 36,000 acres in the Territory immediately south of here, which has not been set apart to any particular tribe of Indians.

None of the above beliefs are true. Payne has not been tried, has not been acquitted. He was taken to Fort Smith and there gave his recognizance to appear for trial at the set time,  (In November, we think), and was released. When first found in the Territory, he was arrested, escorted to the line, and told to leave. The second time he was arrested, taken to Fort Smith, and held for trial, as just stated. The next time he will be held in jail for trial.

There is no law to the effect that every tract of land owned by the government is subject to settlement. No one believes that the law gives one a right to settle on the reservations at Leavenworth and other forts. The whole Indian Territory is a reservation for the purpose of establishing the various Indian tribes thereon. Most of it years ago was parceled out to Indian tribes. Within the last ten years five different tribes have been assigned to certain other tracts and what remains is held by law for the purpose of receiving other tribes that may be brought in.

These are the facts in the case and those who go there to settle or speculate will fool away their time and money and get into trouble. Only those who are sharp enough to get away with the money of their dupes will gain anything.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1880.

The two railroads building west into Harper County have come to an agreement and have quit work in building the roads. The K. C., L. & S. had nearly reached Harper City, and the Santa Fe was within eight miles of Anthony.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1880.

It is said that J. Wade McDonald will be withdrawn from the race for Congress by the Democratic committee to carry out a plan for general fusion of the Democratic and Greenback parties.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 29, 1880.

Capt Scott came in from the west last Saturday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 29, 1880.

Jesse Evans was to ship sixteen carloads of cattle from Harper City last week—the first shipped from that place.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 29, 1880.

Dr. Chapel lost three head of cattle from murrain. This disease among cattle is frequently pronounced “Spanish fever.”

Arkansas City Traveler, September 29, 1880.

Sixty-four head of cattle, branded ace of spades, are missing from Shultz’s camp on Sand creek in Clark County, sup­posed to have been stolen and shipped at Caldwell or Hunnewell.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 29, 1880.

Among the names of those who signed treaties with the Cherokees, we find Pa-hah-sau-ga, meaning broken arm; Gag-qua-no, the amorous man; Lear-he-hosh, the man who weans children too soon; Toyt-sa-ag-tah, the ambitious adulterer.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 6, 1880.

The notorious outlaw, West Brown, broke jail at Henrietta, Texas, last Friday, October 1, and made his escape to the Indian Territory. Sheriff Craig, of Clay county, Texas, offers $1,100 reward for his capture. Brown is well known throughout the Territory and southern Kansas as a fearless, reckless man, and a hard character. He participated in the Caneyville, Kansas, robbery, assisted in the murder of Stockstill and Henderson, stock men, and is thought to have been one of the men implicated in the Cowley County Bank robbery in 1878 at this place. For a number of years he has been roaming along the border of Kansas, making his headquarters at the mouth of the Cimarron. More than $2,000 in rewards had been offered for him before he was captured in New Mexico and taken to Henrietta. On one occasion he trav­eled four hundred miles to kill a half-breed Indian who had informed an officer of his whereabouts

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1880.

It is said that 125,000 head of Texas cattle will be win­tered in the territory south of Sumner county.

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1880.

Our party of Oklahoma boomers started for the territory Tuesday. They will be back in about three days.

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1880.

The Santa Fe lion is gobbling up all the little railroad lambs in this vicinity. They can't bleat without suffering for it.


Winfield Courier, October 7, 1880.

From the reports now current, it seems pretty certain that the Santa Fe company is now, or soon will be, the owner of the K. C. L. & S. road. If this is the case, the Santa Fe road now has complete control of the transportation of Southern Kansas. With its main line running through the central part of the state from East to West, its many feeders reaching out from the main line on every hand, and now possessed of another and the only line from which opposition could come, they certainly are masters of the situation.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1880.

The reported purchase of the K. C. L. & S. road has been denied. We are glad of this. With competing lines we are sure to have reasonable rates. With both roads in the hands of one corporation, we might fare worse.


Winfield Courier, October 14, 1880.

Caldwell, Kansas, October 9. Frank Hunt, deputy city marshal of Caldwell, was shot and fatally wounded last night, about half past 10 o'clock, by some unknown party. Hunt was sitting in front of a window in the Red Light saloon, talking with some gentlemen, when the dastardly assassin put a large revolver through the open window and placing it close to Hunt's side, fired. The ball passed through his body and lodged in the opposite side. Hunt was at once taken to his home, where he lies in a critical condition, although his physicians have some hope of his recovery. No better or more harmless a person lived in Caldwell, and yet he was the terror of all evil doers, knowing not the word of fear, and the shooting is considered by all a most cowardly murder. Commonwealth.

Most of the early settlers of this county knew Frank Hunt as our first sheriff and the original hardware merchant on the premises now occupied by S. H. Myton in Winfield.


Winfield Courier, October 14, 1880.

Rev. John W. Hunt, of Davis County, Iowa, has been visiting in this county the past week. He is the father of Frank Hunt, Winfield's earliest hardware merchant, now in Caldwell, and of Mrs. J. H. Evans, of Vernon township. He is sixty-seven years old, but is hale, strong, and fine looking, though he has done much work in his calling. Long may he wave.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 20, 1880.

The quiet city of Caldwell was startled by one of her periodical murders recently. Caldwell is a splendid town—to emigrate from.


Arkansas City Traveler, October 20, 1880.

The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe company has bought the Kansas City, Lawrence & Southern, formerly the Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston. The Kansas, Lawrence & Southern is one of the old Nettleton roads, and runs from Kansas City and Lawrence in a southwesterly direction to Wellington, Kansas, near the line of the Indian Territory, which branches to Coffeyville and to Hunnewell. The distance from Lawrence to Hunnewell is 225 miles, to Wellington 237 miles. The Kansas City branch to Lawrence is 53 miles long, and the Coffeyville branch 16 miles.

The object of the Santa Fe company in securing this proper­ty, was, no doubt, for the purpose of securing a line that will be able to compete with the Missouri, Kansas & Texas, which is controlled by Jay Gould. It is the intention of the Santa Fe people to extend the line as soon as possible through the Indian Territory to a connection with the Texas roads.


Winfield Courier, October 21, 1880.

The coroners jury on the case of Frank Hunt, murdered at Caldwell, found that he was feloniously shot and killed by one David Spear, and that one Loomis was accessory before the fact. Both Spear and Loomis have been apprehended and are in custody. It was a deliberate and atrocious assassination.


Winfield Courier, October 21, 1880.

About 40,000 head of cattle have been shipped over the K. C. L. & S. railroad this season.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 27, 1880.

During his abortive effort at a speech in this city, Charley C. B. seemed very much exercised because our candidate for the State Senate is a personal friend of General Manager Strong, of the Santa Fe railroad. He is not only a personal friend, but he is one of the directors of the company in whose interest a bill is now pending in Congress, giving them the right of way from here to Fort Smith, and our people expect many favors at Hackney's hands in consequence thereof.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1880.

We were highly entertained last Tuesday for an hour by Col. Miles, agent for the Osages and Kaws. He is a highly cultured, warm hearted, and intelligent gentleman, one who understands the situation perfectly, knows his duty, and will do it. It pains him to be obliged to send home the poor man empty, who, living within the borders of Kansas, having worked hard all the season, his crops failing, suffering for want of wood, and with no means to buy it, goes down into the Territory and cuts a load of wood. He thinks the Territory being adapted to stock raising than anything else and that it would be best for Kansas if stock men only were to settle therein. He has no sympathy with the raids of the Oklahoma boomers who are trying to speculate in town lots at the expense of the ignorant.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 3, 1880.

The soldiers are about to leave Caldwell for winter quarters at Fort Leavenworth.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 3, 1880.

Beyond doubt some parties are stealing cattle from the different herds in the Territory. Thomas Hill, on Bitter creek, has lost twenty-one head, ten of them branded 0 on the left hip, and eleven with a diamond brand on right hip, and we have heard of a number of others who have sustained losses.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 10, 1880.

Two families passed through town last Sunday on their way to Oklahoma. Capt. Payne, the famous projector of this scheme, is at present lying sick in Mulvane.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 10, 1880.

From the Fort Smith Elevator we learn that the bill before the Choctaw Council to grant the right of way to a railroad through the Indian Territory from Fort Smith to Paris, Texas, was defeated by a small majority.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 10, 1880.

Some parties went into the Territory about two weeks ago, their prairie schooners emblazoned with the motto, “Oklahoma or Bust.”  They passed through town last Sunday, their prairie schooners emblazoned with the trite but significant tall piece of their motto, and “Bust” written in every lineament.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1880.

A private letter from Ft. Reno informs us that two squads of Sumner county Oklahoma boomers were brought into the fort under arrest the first of last week. There were seven men in one squad and ten in the other. A detachment of soldiers is kept in Oklahoma constantly, and the Indians are also aroused against the invaders. We would repeat the advice hereto­fore given:  If you want to settle in the Territory, just wait until Uncle Sam gives you permission. It is a big undertak­ing to “buck” the United States Government. Wellington Press.


Arkansas City Traveler, November 17, 1880.

                                                     OKLAHOMA AGAIN.

Captain Payne is still confined to his bed at Mulvane, but the boom goes marching on. There was a meeting of the leaders of the movement yesterday, and definite action was taken in regard to the pending expedition to Oklahoma. The muster rolls of the colony show that a force of from 2,000 to 3,000 men can be relied upon to move at the appointed time. The date of the invasion is not made public, nor the place of rendezvous, but it is surmised that there will be a simultaneous advance from various points on the frontier, moving to a com-mon objective point, and that the colonists will go to stay.

We shall be able to give further information as the facts transpire. It is evident that the boys are in dead earnest, and the dying echoes of the November election will mingle with the resounding slogan of “On to Oklahoma.”  Wichita Republican.

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1880.

Capt. Payne, the Oklahoma boomer, is ill with fever at Mulvane.

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1880.

For the last few days there have appeared in this city a hundred or two of excursionists who have strayed from the main channels in which they were directed by the railroad interests. The whole number of visitors to Kansas on these late excursion trains from the east cannot be less than 15,000. The Kansas City Times says that in a single day the Santa Fe sent out sixteen cars loaded with them, the Fort Scott, 22 cars, the Union Pacific, 16. Altogether the Fort Scott has filled about 50 cars, the Santa Fe 60, the Union Pacific 50, and the Missouri Pacific 40, making at least 200.

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1880.

                                                     Winfield, Nov. 16, 1880.

This statement I make to show the farmers that I have been handling hogs in this county in very small margin. I have shipped to Kansas City and Chicago the following number of hogs from Cowley county. October 1st 1879 to November 1st, 1880, 18,224 head, 4,268,087 pounds, cost $168,250.85. W. J. HODGES.


Arkansas City Traveler, November 24, 1880. Editorial Page.

A circular received by Cap. Sanford, of this city, yesterday from the headquarters of Payne’s Oklahoma colony at Wichita, under date of November 20, states that the colonists will cross the Territory line on Monday, December 6, and desires all colo­nists to be on hand at the following places by that time: Caldwell, Arkansas City, and Coffeyville, Kansas; Fort Smith, Arkansas; Dennison, Texas; and such other points as may be most convenient to the objective point—Oklahoma. The circular is signed by D. L. Payne, president, and W. A. Sherman, secretary.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 24, 1880. Editorial Page.

                                                       POPE AND PAYNE.

Gen. John Pope has fired off his annual columbine in the form of an official report, reviewing Indian affairs in the Department of the Missouri. The burden of the document is devoted to the late eruption of the Southern Cheyennes and repeated and pending raids of Capt. Payne into Oklahoma. Gen. Pope details the action of the military authorities in twice removing Payne and his followers, and on the last occasion turning them over to the United States district court of Fort Smith. He says it is certain that Payne and his comrades “fully believe in their right to settle in the Oklahoma district, and are anxious to test the question in the United States courts. He also expresses the belief that it is the intention of the colo­nists to reenter the Territory pending the trial of their case, and under the President’s proclamation it will be necessary to arrest them and repeat the same process. Gen. Pope accordingly urges that the question of their right to settle in the Territory be passed upon as soon as possible by the U. S. court, now in session at Fort Smith.

It is clear from the general tenor of Gen. Pope’s report that he anticipates a formidable raid. He is too well informed not to know that the Oklahoma Colony whose headquarters are in Wichita represents an enlisted force of several thousand men, scattered through Southern Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, and Texas, and that the mass of these recruits will respond to the call for a general movement, advancing simultaneously by front and flank to the heart of Oklahoma.

They commit no trespass upon Indian reservations; they will occupy only the ceded lands, from which the Indian title has been extinguished by Government purchase, and which are designat­ed as “public lands” on the Government maps. It is true also that the executive is prohibited by act of Congress from locating any more Indian tribes upon any public lands, and hence they lie in idleness and implied perpetual isolation from development and civiliza-tion. The position of Capt. Payne and his associates is ably fortified by the elaborate opinion of Col. Broadhead, and Judge Krum and Philips, of the St. Louis bar, a committee ap­pointed to investigate and report upon the subject. What course the executive may pursue in regard to the pending invasion cannot be foreseen. We believe but for the obstinacy of Secretary Schurz, President Hayes, whose first message to the present Congress contained a very decided expression in favor of opening the Indian Territory, would suspend his proclamation and direct Gen. Pope to interpose no further barrier against the settlement of Oklahoma.

But with or without military intervention, we consider the opening of these 14,000,000 acres of public lands a certain and speedy event. It is the public sentiment and temper of the southwest that breech clout barbarism shall no longer block the national highway, and stem the tide of civilization between Kansas and the Gulf. The President could do no wiser act than to order Gen. Pope to suspend offensive operation and give Capt. Payne honorable escort to the public lands.

In any event, we believe before the ides of March are passed, there will 20,000 bona fied settlers tilling the soil and building the capital city of the future State of Oklahoma.

. . .

Arkansas City Traveler, November 24, 1880.

The Caldwell Post says the Oklahoma invaders from that town are on their way back to the line. Uncle Sam. impressed with the dignity and social standing of the outfit, has fur-nished them with a military escort.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 24, 1880.

Capt. D. L. Payne, of Oklahoma fame, who has been lying ill for some time at Mulvane, was removed to Wichita last Friday, where he is now receiving the kind attention of friends. He is convalescing slowly, is considered wholly out of danger, and it is expected will be able to lead the third expedition to the land of Oklahoma, which will probably start about the last of the month or the first of December.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1880.

W. L. Mullen shipped five car loads of hogs Tuesday.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 1, 1880.

Next Monday is the day set for the grand march into Oklaho­ma. The day for marching out has not been determined upon.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 1, 1880.

Captain Robinson, it is currently reported, will be at Caldwell next Saturday, the 4th, with a company of troops, to prevent Southern Kansas from being depopulated by those who fain would recline in the flowery fields of Oklahoma.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 1, 1880.

T. H. B. Ross has the merest luck and the worstest of it of any man on the hill. A couple of weeks ago with a few friends he went down into the Territory to have a little hunt and look around a bit—all of which he did, and had arrived at the Cimarron on his return, when he fell in with a party of soldiers, and accepted a very pressing invitation from them to go back to Fort Reno. It was just as well that he did, for he found com­fortable quarters until the storm was over, when the line of march north was taken and the party arrived here last Monday. Ross is mad, though, because he didn't corral more soldiers. He only brought up five, but they seemed to take it good naturedly, and Ross let them go as soon as they got to the State line. Caldwell Commercial.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 1, 1880.

The signs of the times begin to point unmistakably to an eruption in the near future between some of our Indian Agents and parties hunting in or going through the Territory, the latter claiming that, under the guise of authority, they have been subjected to serious annoyance and inconvenience, which was altogether unjust and uncalled for. It may be out of our prov­ince, but it seems to us that parties hunting in the Territory certainly have some rights which even an Indian Agent is bound to respect. It is to be hoped that there will be no difficulty.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 1, 1880.

Three carloads of hogs were shipped from this place yester­day morning by Mr. Ira Barnett. Mr. Barnett paid to Drury Warren for hogs yesterday $561. We are glad to see that one of our own citizens has taken this matter in his own hands, as heretofore shipments have been mostly made from Winfield instead of Arkansas City.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1880.

Major Powell has eight parties in the field engaged in making a study of the North American Indians: their condition, their habits of life, their languages, their history, etc., as well as taking a census of them. These parties, who are roughing it with tents, mule teams, etc., are scattered throughout Cali­fornia, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, and Arizona, and Major Powell is going to visit them all to ascertain personally how they are progressing with their work; he will probably be absent about two months. The taking of the Indian census was begun October 1st, and will probably not be finished until next spring, owing to the scattered locations of the various tribes. The name of every Indian is written out in full, together with his age, sex, etc., and other statistics are obtained, just the same as of the civilized citizens of the United States, as far as practicable. Besides these eight ethnological parties who are doing this work, there are special agents of the census bureau, who are assisting with the various Indian agents. It is estimated that the total number of Indians in the United States will foot up over 300,000. One of Major Powell's parties has just discovered in New Mexico and Arizona a number of old ruins and pueblos, which means old Indian villages. These are now being carefully explored. In New Mexico they have discovered, west of Santa Fe, the largest collection of ruins ever found on this continent.


Winfield Courier, December 2, 1880.

Capt. Dave Payne and other boomers do not succeed very well in getting up such a grand rush to the Indian Territory as to overpower the government as they assert was done at the Black Hills. Concluding that their inability to repeat the Black Hill experiment arises from the lack of a gold excitement, there are now in circulation canards about the discovery of gold, silver, and lead in the Wichita Mountains, and the boomers are being organized into mining companies.


Winfield Courier, December 2, 1880.

The directors of the following named roads have made an arrangement to consolidate their stocks into one corporation and management called The Kansas City, Topeka and Western Railroad company. The terms of the consolidation are, that the stock of the Kansas City, Lawrence and Southern is to be taken up at 95 cents on the dollar, the stock of the Southern Kansas and Western at 75 cents on the dollar, and the stock of the Sumner county at 75 cents, and the stock of the Kansas City, Topeka and Western substituted therefor at par. This latter stock is to be taken at par and paid for by secured 5 percent 40 year bonds of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad company. The present Lawrence, Topeka and Western railroad is the line from Kansas City to Topeka which has been operated by the A., T. & S. F. under a lease. The K. C., L. & S. is the road from Lawrence (and we think from Olathe) to Independence and Coffeyville.

The S. K. & W. is the road from Independence via Winfield to Harper; and the Sumner county is the branch from Wellington to Hunnewell. It is the S. K. & W. in which Cowley county owns $68,000 of stock. The proposition so far as it affects this county substantially involves the sale of our $68,000 of stock for $51,000 A. T. & S. F. five percent 40 year bonds.

We are inclined to think that this would be a good operation for this county. The bonds would doubtless sell at any time at par in cash while the railroad stock may never be worth more than 75 cents on the dollar and in case of a financial revulsion, it might go down to next to nothing.

There never was a time when railroad stocks were so much in demand as they are at present. The scramble of Jay Gould and several great corporations to get control of so many railroad lines by buying in a majority of their stocks has so inflated railroad stocks that they sell much above their real value. How long this state of things is going to continue cannot now be seen but it is probable that some of these operators will before long get so heavily loaded that there will be a magnificent failure like that of Jay Cook in 1873 when the bubble will burst and railroad stock such as ours will not sell for ten cents on the dollar. At the same time first mortgage and other well secured railroad bonds will be but little affected by the money stringen­cy that would ensue for they must first be paid. The sale of a road to pay such bonds has usually frozen out the stock

entire­ly and rendered it worthless.

We suppose the consolidation will be affected by the direc­tors, whether our county as a stockholder in one of the roads consents or not; but we suppose the exchange of our stock for the bonds cannot be made without a vote of the people. A proposition in relation to the matter has been sent to J. S. Hunt, county clerk, to be laid before the commissioners for their action. We do not know what will be done about it, but presume the commis­sioners would wish to have the matter laid before the people, and would desire to have an expression from as many as possible in relation to the matter.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1880.

The K. C., L. & S. are about putting up a wind machine to pump water for their tank at this place.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1880.

A new warehouse for storing grain is in progress of building at the K. C., L. & S. depot. S. A. Brown & Co., are the proprietors.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 8, 1880. Front Page.

                                            THE OKLAHOMA QUESTION.


Editor Wichita Eagle:

I wish through your paper to give my views of Payne’s raid upon Oklahoma. My purpose is to do what I can to save a few honest, hard working men from being entrapped in a scheme that is not intended for their benefit, and can end only in loss to anyone who has anything to lose, and trouble and difficulty to all who go to Oklahoma in opposition to the national authori­ties.

I echo the sentiments of a large majority of the solid businessmen and farmers of this city and county when I say that no honest laboring man can afford to be used by these Oklahoma boomers. And it is the wish of all such that their scheme shall fail, as it certainly will. There is a sense of justice and honor and a disposition to abide by the law characteristic of the American people that, when the test comes, will knock the wadding out of all such business.

Payne and his coadjutors pretend that there is no act of Congress against his going into the Oklahoma country, so called. But the law is too plain to be explained away on a flimsy techni­cality. The law prohibits anyone going into the Indian country without leave, and makes it the duty of the President to remove all intruders, and for that purpose to use the army if necessary. A second intrusion subjects the intruder to a penalty of one thousand dollars. The phrase “Indian country,” is one of long use and well understood meaning, and includes Oklahoma as much as it does any Indian reservation within the limits of the Indian Territory.

Payne and his crowd laugh at the penalty inasmuch as it is merely a civil liability, and does not subject them to imprison­ment. But before they can succeed in this business, they must have the cooperation of men who are not indifferent to such matters. The only hope they have of success is to precipitate into the country such numbers that the army will be powerless to remove them until Congress shall be forced to recognize and legalize their occupancy. If they could find the precious metals to tempt the cupidity of man, their scheme, lawless as it is, might succeed. But when you ask a man to risk his little all and go to hard work, plowing in the ground, he is in no great haste to do so. The average Oklahoma boomer is little given to plow­ing, except by proxy. He expects to reap a rich harvest by the sweat of other men's brows, and unless they delude a sufficient number of poor workingmen into the idea that by joining the expedition they can better their condition and obtain a valuable homestead in this promised land, their speculations will prove fruitless.

If asked to give the best reason for opposing the Oklahoma raid, I answer, because it is not right. It sets at defiance the laws and treaties of the national government, and the Presi-dent cannot, under his oath of office, permit it to be done, but is charged by every consideration of honor, good faith, and duty to prevent it, by the whole power of the army if necessary.

Much has been said and written derogatory to the policy of treating with the Indians as an independent people, and it is urged that we should regard them as citizens, and subject them to all the duties and responsibilities of other citizens. This sounds very well from our standpoint, and if no other right but ours intervened, there could be no objection to it. But they were an independent people before they came under our jurisdic­tion.

So far as the Indians immediately interested are con­cerned, the policy of recognizing and treating with them as a sovereign independent people originated with the Kingdom of Spain, and while they occupied Spanish dominions. In this relation they became possessed of cer-tain rights. Spain ceded her dominions known as the Territory of Louisiana to France, subject to the treaty rights of the Indians, and in turn the same territory was ceded by France to the United States, by the great Napoleon who required as part of the consideration by which we obtained this magnificent empire, a solemn promise “that we would execute such treaties and articles as may have been agreed upon between Spain and the tribes and nations of Indians, until by mutual consent of the United States and the said tribes or nations other suitable articles shall have been agreed upon.”

We have the power and, if we will, may disregard this stipulation, but not without dishonor. We have certainly gone as far in that direction as fairness will permit. We com-pelled the Indian to submit to extermination or the alternative of a settle­ment in the Indian Territory. He chose the latter with a prom­ise, on our part, that it should be held sacred to him forever.

By treaty certain divisions of territory were set apart for certain tribes and nations, and the remainder, including Oklaho­ma, reserved for the future settlement of other Indians.

The act of Congress prohibiting the settlement of any more Indians in the Indian Territory is a violation of this agreement and ought to be repealed.

If we would civilize the Indian, let us give him an example of truth and justice, as practiced by civilized people. If we would teach him to obey the law, let us show him how law can protect him in the enjoyment of his rights. The Indian is no fool, if he is a barbarian. He knows that the settlement of Oklahoma by whites in the manner proposed is the entering wedge that shall eventually send him adrift, with his papoose and squaw, with no spot on earth that he can call home. He is naturally opposed to it, and he will doubtless resist it with all the force of his savage nature.

Much has been accomplished toward the enlightenment of the Indian during the last twenty years, and much more may be accom­plished by pursuing an enlightened and Christian policy. But it is vain to offer him courts and laws while we exhibit an utter disregard of to him the highest law; to offer him bible and schools while we rob and drive him from his home.

The principal objection the Indian has to white civilization is on account of his appre-hension that it means death to him, and unfortunately the experience of the past is poorly calculated to remove this apprehension.

His rights are as dear to him as ours to us, and he feels his wrongs as we do ours. Perhaps it is very stupid and unrea­sonable in him to do so. Perhaps he should consider it very kind of our Paynes to force him to sacrifice his traditions, tastes, habits, and prejudices in the interests of commerce and agricul­ture.

This is not the first time the people have been called on to vindicate the national honor. Good faith with the Indian is not necessarily antagonistic to the interests of commerce. Convince him that we do not mean a conquest of his country and a destruc­tion of his prosperity, and there will be little trouble in gaining his consent to run railroads through the Territory. It is not necessary to rob him in order to give him the benefits of courts and laws.

We need to give him schools and churches adapted to his nature and surroundings, and thus gradu­ally fit him for citizen­ship, when he will accept the new rela­tion from choice.

I favor every legitimate means of opening up the highways of trade through the Territory; the settlement of all the Indians in the Territory who will go there voluntarily; the establish-ment of courts with special legislation intended to protect the Indian from imposition, and to secure him exclusive control of the soil; the building of schools and railroads at Govern-ment expense, and the use of every other means of encouragement to the Indian to work out the problem of his own civilization.

With such encouragement and security he will, in time, himself build towns and cities, and invite immigration and enterprise. I would like to see the Government, the consent of the Indians being first obtained, construct a double track railroad from Arkansas City through the Territory so as to connect with the southern system of railroads, and give all companies the right to run their cars over it that will comply with such salutary regulations and conditions as may be imposed.

But whatever is done, let it be done on the principle of rigid justice and good faith to the Indians, they being the judge of what is justice and good faith.

                                           Very respectfully, W. P. CAMPBELL.

               Kansas and New Orleans. Railroad Connections and Trade Relations

                                                      With the Great West.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 8, 1880. Editorial Page.

Yesterday morning a States reporter, in his perambulations, called upon Mr. J. L. Gubernator, a well-known citizen of New Orleans, and who has returned to the city after a sojourn of several months in Kansas.

Mr. Gubernator passed most of his time in Kansas with his brother at McPherson, in the southern portion of the State, on a branch of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad.

The Southern or New Orleans branch [these designates are used in order to make the situation clearer] of the Atchison and Topeka leaves the main line at Newton, and has been completed as far south at Arkansas City near the northern boundary of the Indian Territory. This branch is designed to be a great road. At Mulvane, we believe, it sends one branch to run Southwesterly through the cattle regions of Texas, the other is to traverse the Indian Territory to make a junction at Texarkana with the Texas Pacific and over that with the New Orleans Pacific.

This branch has been, as has been said, completed to Arkan­sas City, and the only reason that it is not pushed immediately through the Indian Territory to Texarkana, via Fort Smith, is that, so far, owing to a treaty with the Indians, it has been impossible to obtain the right of way. Hence, in the interest of a few half vagabonds, a great enterprise of vast interest to the civilization and trade of Louisiana and Tennessee are also sufferers from the same treaty, as the Little Rock and Fort Smith railroad, completed between these two points, is at the latter point, on the eastern boundary of the Indian Territory, at a stand still.

From Mr. Gubernator it was learned that, though the great majority of the people of the portions of Kansas in which he sojourned are hostile—even bitter—toward the democratic party, they are anxious to open up commercial relations with New Or­leans. They understand fully that New Orleans is the nearest seaport in America to them, and little more distant than St. Louis or Chicago, and when they get their produce to the latter places they are still many hundreds of miles from the sea.

The farmers of Kansas and other Northwestern regions are now paying fifty-two cents per bushel to transport their wheat to New York; and as soon as the canals and rivers are frozen over, they expect freights to a still higher figure and thus absorb very nearly the results of the labor and investments of the farmers.

On the other hand the farmers of Kansas assume that so soon as they have rail connection with New Orleans, their grain will be transported to the sea for twenty-five cents per bushel.

They also desire access to the great lumber regions of Louisiana and Texas, from which they will be able to obtain an abundance of cheaper and better lumber than they now buy in Wisconsin, and that they can get on cheaper rates of freight.

These are the facts gleaned from a man of close observation and intelligence, and they are only a very few of the multitude of facts which indicate that New Orleans is to become the great metropolis of the magnificent empire lying west of the Mississip­pi, and richer in resources than the now rich regions to the east of that mighty stream. New Orleans State.


Arkansas City Traveler, December 8, 1880.

Lieut. Mason, in command of Company H, 4th cavalry, is now camped in the city, waiting the arrival of Captain Payne and his great invading army. Caldwell Post, 2nd.

It was one of Mason's men who shot Big Snake during Whiteman's administration at Ponca Agency, in the fall of 1879. Mason is a good officer, a man of courage, and will carry out his instructions to the letter. Added to this he is one of the most gentlemanly officers it was ever our pleasure to meet. From the above paper we learn that fifty head of cavalry horses were shipped over the Santa Fe road to Caldwell last week, for the use of Company H.  [NOTE: BELIEVE THIS ITEM WAS IN VOL 2, ABOUT INDIANS.]

Arkansas City Traveler, December 8, 1880. Editorial.

Our own views on this Oklahoma business are withheld this week. In Judge Campbell's and Mr. Bloss' articles, both sides of the question are stated. We are for the material advancement of this country, but do not favor the trampling down of law and justice to accomplish this or any other end. If the Government gives its consent, we are with you, but, however earnestly you may believe in the justness of your cause, you must admit that many of the best legal minds are honestly opposed to this scheme, as well as Government officials. That it should be settled by the courts, and immediately, is evident, and this is all that is asked by Capt. Payne, who is every inch a gentleman.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 8, 1880.

                                                     ON TO OKLAHOMA.

A mass meeting was held last evening in front of the Central Avenue hotel, addressed by Capt. Payne, Major Bloss, and others. The Oklahoma spirit was thoroughly aroused, and an address to the President, presented by one of our citizens, was adopted, asking that the federal troops be not permitted to molest or interfere with the intending settlers. The feeling of our people is that the opening of the Indian Territory will make Arkansas City an emporium and supply point, and everybody shouts: “On to Oklahoma.”

Arkansas City Traveler, December 8, 1880.

                                                THE OKLAHOMA BOOM.


Editor Arkansas City Traveler:

I would like to occupy some of your valuable space in replying to Judge Campbell's article in the Wichita Eagle of last week.

Against Judge Campbell personally I have nothing to say, although I believe he is on record as approving of the so-called invasion of Oklahoma.

I have read very carefully his communica­tion to the Eagle, and find nothing therein in the way of argu­ment on the main question that affects seriously our proposition of entering the public lands of Oklahoma. He indulges in that vein of sentimen­talism peculiar to men who have never examined the question or who, knowing, persist in ignoring the stalwart facts. He says nothing whatever of the laws, the treaties, and the statutes relating to the Oklahoma lands.

By a treaty in 1866 about twelve million acres of the Indian lands were purchased of the Indians, and the Indian title thereby extinguished. In the treaty of purchase the Government indicated that it bought these lands for the purpose of locating upon them freedmen and friendly Indians. By a law of Congress “freedmen” were made citizens, and thereby that part of the treaty was abrogated and annulled. And repeatedly since 1866 Congress has refused to allow any Indians to be put upon these lands—friendly or unfriendly—and a resolution was adopted declaring that no Indians should ever be placed on these lands, except by a special act of Congress first granting permission.

Hence, here are public lands, surveyed and sectionized, not “reserved” for any purpose under heaven; not occupied by either savage or civilized; not set apart by any existing treaty or law; held by the Government exactly and for no higher or better purpose than that which animated the dog in the manger in his proclamation about the hay therein.

Judge Campbell, like Mr. Schurz, knows nothing about this Oklahoma question—or knowing, wilfully perverts the facts and testimony. Campbell, like Schurz, knows only the Fennimore Cooper tribe, while we of Kansas have met the infernal beasts that murdered and outraged the Meeker family. One is the real savage, the other the dream of the novelist— truth and fiction. It is very easy to roll up a hypocritical eye to heaven and talk lugubriously about the original inheritor of the soil;—the same had as well be said for the tiger or ana-conda in their native jungles—especially when you come to talk to the matter-of-fact pioneer who has had to wrest this fair land from the Atlantic to the Pacific from the beast and savage.

Capt. Payne's crusade is a righteous crusade, and it is bound to win. If Judge Campbell and the people who do not understand the question could put away from the minds this mis-take—this total misapprehension of the subject—then it would not be a very difficult matter for them to see that all this country is deeply interested in the success of Capt. Payne's effort to reclaim from waste this magnificent empire, and add it to the wealth of the country.

Mr. Editor, I have trespassed too far already upon your space, but at some future time I hope to be able to write more fully and more satisfactorily in regard to the Oklahoma question. We are going into the public lands of Oklahoma, and we are going to stay.

                                             Respectfully yours, W. W. BLOSS.

Winfield Courier, December 9, 1880.

Though we have had occasion to say some unpleasant things of Judge W. P. Campbell, as a fair and impartial journalist we should say good things of him when we think he deserves it. We expressed our admiration of his course two years ago when he had the manliness to assert his clear and sound views of the currency question in the face of general popular clamor. He now exhibits the same clear, strong sense in an article in the Eagle on the Oklahoma boom. We give an extract. Read it. It will do good.

“To the Editor of the Eagle:

I wish, through the Eagle, to give my views of Payne's raid upon Oklahoma. My purpose is to do what I can to save a few honest, hard-working men from being entrapped into a scheme that is not intended for their benefit, and can only end in loss to anyone who has anything to lose, and trouble and difficulty to all who go to Oklahoma in opposition to the National authorities.

I echo the sentiments of a large majority of the solid businessmen and farmers of this city and county, when I say that no honest laboring man can afford to be used by these Oklahoma boomers. And it is the wish of all such that their scheme will fail, as it certainly will. There is a sense of justice and honor and a disposition to abide by the law characteristic of the American people that when the test comes, will knock the wadding out of all such business.

Payne and his coadjutors pretend that there is no act of Congress against his going into the Oklahoma country, so called. But the law is too plain to be explained away on a flimsy techni­cality. The law prohibits anyone going into the Indian country without leave, and makes it the duty of the President to remove all intruders, and for that purpose to use the army if necessary. A second intrusion subjects the offender to a fine of one thou­sand dollars. The phrase “Indian country” is one of long and well understood meaning and includes Oklahoma as much as it does any Indian reservation, within the limits of the Indian Territory. Payne and his crowd laugh at this penalty inasmuch as it is merely a civil liability, and does not subject them to impris­onment. But before they can succeed in this movement, they must have the cooperation of men who are not indifferent about such matters. The only hope they have of success is to precipitate into the country such numbers that the army will be powerless to remove them until Congress shall be forced to recognize and legalize their occupancy.

If they could find the precious metals to tempt the cupidity of man, their scheme, lawless as it is, might succeed. But when you ask a man to risk his little all, and go to hard work, plowing in the ground, he is in no haste to do so. The average Oklahoma boomer is little given to plowing, except by proxy. He expects to reap a rich harvest from the sweat of other men's brows, and unless they delude a significant number of poor workingmen into the idea that by joining the expedition they can better their condition and obtain a valuable homestead in this promised land, their speculations will prove fruitless.

If asked to give the best reasons for opposing the Oklahoma raid, I answer, because it is not right. It sets at defiance the laws and treaties of the National Government, and the President cannot, under his oath of office, permit it to be done, and is charged by every consideration of honor, good faith, and duty, to prevent it, by the whole power of the army, if necessary.


Winfield Courier, December 9, 1880.

The county Commissioners met last Tuesday to consider the proposition to change the stock in the Southern Kansas and Western railroad belonging to this county at seventy-five cents on the dollar for Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe five percent forty year bonds at par. After a full discussion of the matter, they decided that they were not authorized to make any disposition of the stock without first submitting the question to a vote of the people, giving thirty days notice, and that it was impossible to do this in the limited time given. They however determined to investigate the matter to ascertain what our stock can be sold for, and to ascertain the value and security of the bonds of­fered, and then determine what is best to be done. The general feeling was that we should accept a cash offer or an offer of the bonds of our county at seventy-five cents on the dollar for the stock or even a considerable less. The commissioners desire an expression of the people as to whether they shall call an elec­tion in the matter and under what circumstances.

We would ask some friend in every township and neighborhood to ascertain the sentiment about him and inform us by letter or postal card.

Winfield Courier, December 9, 1880.

Speculation is rife among our people as to what the Santa Fe will do with its two roads at this point. The seeming object of the company in getting possession of the L., L. & G. was to relieve their main line, which is already overburdened with Colorado and New Mexico business. By running some of their trains from Newton down over the L., L. & G. into Kansas City, they would relieve two hundred and fifty miles of the main line. If this prediction proves true, through trains from Kansas City to California may yet go west via Winfield. It is also rumored that the Santa Fe will extend its line from Harper City and connect with the main line at Dodge City, thereby making a more direct route via Winfield to Kansas City for such trains as they desire to run that way. If this is the intention of the company, it will make the old L., L. & G. stock much more valuable than it is at present, which perhaps accounts for their desire to ex­change 5 percent bonds for such stock. The dividends on the stock would be more than interest on their bonds.


Arkansas City Traveler, December 15, 1880. Editorial Page.


Everything has been “Oklahoma” during the past week, and the movements of the Payne colony have been watched with a deep interest by all classes—those in favor of opening the Territory and those advocating the holding of this strip sacred to the rights of the Indians.

It has been known for several days throughout the Eastern States, by means of the metropolitan dailies, that the Oklahoma boomers were to enter the Indian Territory from Arkansas City, on Monday, December 6, the number of colonists being variously stated from two hundred to two thousand. The telegraph has likewise transmitted the important sequel to this intended move—that for quite obvious reasons these hardy pioneers have post­poned their invasion indefinitely, and are now very peacefully traveling back and forth along the State line, casting a wistful eye into the Territory—their actions very much resembling those of a wild animal glaring through the bars of his cage at a coveted piece of meat.

After leaving this city last Saturday morning, the Oklahoma colony moved west to Hunnewell, Lieut. Mason's company of cavalry escorting them to see that they kept within prescribed limits. Lieut. Mason's orders are to turn them back in case an attempt is made to enter the Territory, and if any resistance is made, to shoot their horses and destroy their wagons. At this order the Oklahomaites are very indignant, and declare that such a step will provoke a bloody conflict. But in this these people are headstrong, and doubtless say a good deal for the sake of talk. They don't mean fight.

The rank and file of this Oklahoma army are honest in this business. They believe these lands are public property, and that it is their right and privilege to settle upon them. But their zeal and pluck exceed their judgment. So long as the title to these lands is unsettled, Capt. Payne and his men have no right to make a forcible entry thereon in opposition to the Government. Call it Oklahoma or what you will, when you resist U. S. troops, you are doing wrong. If the law is wrong, have it changed, which can surely be done if clearly proven.

We favor the opening of the Territory as strongly as Capt. Payne or any of those inter-ested in this movement, but we do not countenance any armed resistance to the Government.

It is to the interest of Kansas that this blockade to commerce known as the Indian Territory shall be at least opened to railroads if not to actual settlement, and so far as the settlement of Oklahoma would lead to this result, we are solidly in favor of it. Kansas needs a Southern outlet for her products. We are hopelessly at the mercy of the east and west railroads for transportation to a market whose prices are fixed by Eastern capitalists, and from whose rulings we have no appeal. It is not a local question, but one in which the entire State of Kansas is interested—and equally concerned are the Southern States, where a revival of business is evidenced by a disposition to explore new channels of commerce. To this end do we second the cry to Congress to act speedily on this question—not for the purpose of depriving the Indians of any rights, nor for the furtherance of any pet schemes; but solely for the advancement of the commercial interests of the West and South.

We have no interest in Oklahoma as a speculation—are not even the owner of a gratui-tous certificate of membership in the Oklahoma Town Company, though many of our citi-zens have been more favored in this respect. But we want to see railroads running through the Indian Territory from the border towns of Kansas and Texas, the same as from the cities of Illinois to those of Ohio, through Indiana. And there is no just reason why it should not be done.

We do not care whether such a step necessitates the settle­ment of Oklahoma or any other country. That is not the point with the people of Kansas so much as the securing of a direct Southern outlet for the millions of bushels of grain that they produce.

In our humble opinion, a large portion of Oklahoma backing would drop off if railroads were only allowed to run from any point in Kansas through the Territory below us. Many persons have joined this move in the belief that it is the quickest and surest way to reach a Southern market. If the settlement of Oklahoma is the only way by which this can be done, Congress will be doing a lasting good by giving permission to the Oklahoma boomers to move forward. At all events, let us have railroads through the Territory.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 15, 1880.

Some U. S. transportation wagons and mule teams came in on Monday night's freight train, for the use of the troops in this vicinity.


Winfield Courier, December 16, 1880.

The reports from the boomers along the line of the Indian Territory were so conflicting all last week that on Saturday the COURIER sent a reporter to the field of operation to get the facts.

On Monday the boomers began to arrive and go into camp near Arkansas City. Capt. Dave Payne was on hand and in command. He impressed strangers as a large, good looking gentleman not very talkative, but evidently having a strong purpose, which he meant to carry out as effectively as possible without resisting the troops. Beside them were camped about thirty U. S. cavalrymen under Lieut. Mason. Gen. C. H. Smith, of Gen. Pope's staff was also present. On Tuesday evening the boomers held a meeting with bonfires and illuminations, and Capt. Payne addressed the assem­bly in a moderate speech. Mayor W. W. Bloss, of the Chicago Times was present and made a few remarks. A petition to the president was read.

On Thursday the boomers had accumulated to the number of about eighty men and twenty-five wagons and they broke camp and started on their expedition. They moved on Westward and camped on Bitter Creek on the Kansas side of the line, the troops following in the wake.

It was given out that they would cross the line the next morning. Gen. Smith informed them that his orders were to arrest the “whole outfit” and take them to Fort Reno and there hold them prisoners until released by the govern­ment. Friday morning Capt. Payne did not move as was expected. He was inclined to avoid a collision with the troops. The boomers were hot and dissatis­fied. They wanted to fight and called Capt. Payne a coward. They held a meeting and deposed Payne and elected Major Mains, of Wichita, as their general and leader.

On Saturday morning they took up their line of march, but instead of entering the territory they marched westward and camped at Shoo Fly creek near Hunnewell close to the state line. The troops camped close by, just across the line in the Territo­ry. Col. Coppinger arrived and took command. Accessions to the boomers arrived from Caldwell and other points so that on Sunday there were in camp about fifty wagons and one hundred and eighty men. They are organized in eight military companies under eight captains with Mains at the head.

In a conversation with Col. Coppinger and Lt. Smith, Maj. Mains said they should disregard the president's orders and enter the territory at every hazard unless forbidden by Congress. The horses of the troops are in good condition, but those of the boomers present a scrawny woe begone appearance.


Major Randall with two more companies of cavalry was expect­ed to join Col. Mason on Monday the 13th. One company of cavalry is occupying the Oklahoma town site and picking up stragglers. Other companies are watching the threatened incursions from Texas and other points. It was told at Hunnewell that considerable numbers of boomers had already entered the territory from Caldwell and other points, probably for the purpose of stimulat­ing those at Hunnewell to desperation. Statements of persons who should know show that these reports were not true. Our reporter found both opposing forces in camp at the place near Hunnewell, and first visited the boomer camp where was found about 180 rough but apparently earnest, hardworking men with about fifty wagons.

The reporter was escorted by a gay company of young people, consisting of a versatile reporter for the Monitor, who amused the company on the route with speeches and songs. Mr. Ed. Rolland, Mr. J. Houston, a young attorney, Miss Grace Scoville, and Miss May Roland, Mr. and Mrs. Lem Cook, and Miss Summers were down from Caldwell to see the battle. These visitors together first paid their respects to the boomer camp, and were invited to remain and attend their religious services.

The visitors attend­ed and furnished a part of the music for the occasion. The congregation united in singing, “Hold the fort for we are coming, Oklahoma still. Waive the answer back to Kansas, By thy grace we will.”  The sermon was delivered by the colony chaplain, supple­mented by remarks from another boomer. The reporter forgets their names. A large flag was floating over the camp and the congrega­tion sang, “Rally 'round the flag.”  Capt. Payne was called on and made a few remarks. The general and Lieutenant from the other camp attended the service by special inviation. After services the visitors were invited to partake of refreshments with the boomers, which they did with great relish, for camp life was new and interesting at least to the ladies.

      Capt. Payne and others, including Major Bloss, treated the visitors with cordial coutesy, and made their visit very pleas­ant. They visited the camp of the troops where they were courte­ously received. There was found everything orderly and neat. There were a dozen tents looking trim, forty fine horses standing ready to be saddled and mounted on a moment's notice, and forty well clad and equipped soldier boys ready for action on like notice. One of the saddlers was asked how they expected to cope with so many boomers. He answered that the boomers were not well equipped or disciplined, and that no serious difficulty was expected. He did not think they would attempt to cross the line; but if they did, they would be easily disposed of. Some of the soldiers were practicing shooting at a red handkerchief on a bush, but all were civil and quiet. The contrast between the two camps was very great.

Our reporter thought Hunnewell a hard place to get anything to eat and in other respects. At about 4 o'clock p.m. the visitors left for Arkansas City, where they arrived at 8 o'clock in the evening, returning to Winfield the next day. The conclu­sion arrived at, is that the stories and press reports afloat about the boom are grossly exaggerated.


Winfield Courier, December 16, 1880.

Our stockmen have had a great deal of trouble with their cattle during the late cold snap, through the stock straying off. The Estus brothers lost over one hundred head and other herds are in the same fix. GRANGER.

[GEN. STRONG AND THE A., T. & S. F. R. R.]

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1880.

The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe, whether it ever makes the C., B. & Q. and Vanderbilt combinations or not, is about the biggest institution in the country. In ten years from the C. K., Holiday engine No. 1, and an old second hand passenger coach of the I. L. C. R. R., running over 27 miles of road, she now runs hundreds of engines and passenger coaches over a line of road more than a thousand miles in length, besides a half dozen branches which are themselves important lines. The road is operated independent of stock jobs or politics, being run purely as a matter of business and on business principles. The earnings of the road for the last half of November amounted to $510,000, and the company has ordered fifty new engines, forty new passen­ger coaches, and two thousand five hundred new freight cars. Gould and Vanderbilt have a match in General Strong, the manager of the A., T. & S. F. railroad. In the absence of all consolida­tions or combinations, the road under the lead of Gen. Strong's genius, will in five years be one of the most gigantic enter-pris­es known to civilization. Upon the other hand, a consolidation of the Santa Fe and Burlington will establish a system of roads that will serve a community of interests embrac­ing the entire western half of the United States. It would have lines from Chicago to all principal eastern points, including all the Missouri river cities. Such a consolidation would give a line from Chicago to Denver and the Pacific via the Plattmouth bridge; another from St. Louis via the St. L. & S. F. and Wichi­ta, and from Atchison and Kansas City to the Pacific coast by their own road, which will soon be completed.

This will give them two lines to Gould's one; but the last line possesses immense advantages, in that it reaches Guayamas, on the Gulf of California, shortening up the line to Japan, Australia, and South America, by one thousand miles. And still this is not all. Arrangements have been made with the authori­ties of our sister Republic for the extension of this line to the capital of old Mexico. The magnificent and wonderful results that will follow the completion of the last named line cannot be computed. Eagle.


Winfield Courier, December 16, 1880.

Is it possible that the Winfield Rifles and the St. John Battery are to have free passes to Washington to participate in the ceremonies of inaugurating President Garfield on May 4th?  Such is the outlook of the following communication to Adjt. Gen. Noble, of the Kansas State militia.

                                          WASHINGTON, D. C., Dec. 2, 1880.

To the Adjutant General, State of Kansas, Topeka, Kansas:

SIR:  I have the honor to request that you will furnish this committee with a complete list of all military organizations known to you within your state, as we desire extending to each an invitation to be with us and participate in the parade and festivities in the city on the 4th of March next.

We hope to have an organization from each state in the Union, and shall appreciate any effort on your part to secure a handsome representation from your state.

I have the honor, to be very respectfully your obedient servant,

                                  H. C. CORRIN, Assistant Adjt. Gen. U. S. Army

                       and Cor. Sec. of Executive Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies.


Winfield Courier, December 16, 1880.

It is the evident intention of the Missouri Pacific railway company under the direction of Jay Gould to extend the branch now built to Leroy, Coffey County, by way of Winfield, to the west line of the state at an early day, and probably to continue it through New Mexico to the Pacific.

That company has executed a mortgage on their road to John F. Dillon, of New York, to secure its bonds to the amount of thirty millions of dollars, covering the main line of its road from St. Louis to the Kansas line, 284 miles; the branch to Carondelet, 12 miles; the Booneville branch, 80 miles; the Lexington branch, 55 miles; a branch to be built called the Lexington & Southern, 200 miles; the branch to Atchison, 47 miles; a branch from the state line via Ottawa to Topeka, 200 miles, partly built; and last, but not least, a branch from the east line of Kansas through the counties of Miami, Franklin, Anderson, Coffee, Woodson, Wilson, Elk, Cowley, Sumner, Harper, Barbour, Comanche, Clarke, Meade, Seward, Stevens and Kansas, the entire length of the state, 430 miles. This mortgage is being placed on record in the various counties. A copy of it is on record in the office of Register of Deeds of Cowley county, and covers over thirty pages in the book of records. It covers in the aggregate 1,108 miles of road, built or to be built.

This road will be of great interest to the people of this county as giving us competing lines, a more direct route to the east and to the west, and placing us on the most direct through route between the Atlantic and the Pacific.

It is intimated that Jay Gould does not intend to ask for county or other municipal bonds, on the ground that the stock of the company will be worth as much as any county bonds and he does not wish to exchange stock for bonds.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1880.

We have been informed that a move is under consideration in the Gould circles to extend the Leroy branch of the Missouri Pacific to Winfield.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1880.

Stafford Rowell, of Silverdale, made us a pleasant call last Tuesday. He has been a resident of that township for two years and is getting up a herd of short horn, thoroughbred cattle, which will be valuable in improving the stock of his neighbor­hood.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1880.

We object to the articles in a late Telegram on the value of water for cows. So long as the milk is well watered, who cares a nickel whether or not the cows get water!  Then water is so scarce!  Give the cows a rest, the milk-men will look after the water.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 22, 1880. Front Page.


The following extracts, taken from the regulations furnished by the U. S. Government to the various agents in the Indian Territory, will explain themselves, and we trust all parties having occasion to travel in the Territory will see the advis­ability of conforming thereto, and thus save the agents the necessity of enforcing duties which, however, unpleasant, they have no option but to discharge to the letter.


Section 269. Hereafter no authority will be granted or white person permitted, under any circumstances, to graze cattle or other stock upon Indian reservations without having first obtained the consent of the Indians and the approval of the agent thereto, and in such cases only upon such terms and conditions, and subject to the payment of such rate of compensation for the privilege, as may be prescribed by the agent with the approval of this Department. Agents will notify all unauthorized persons now grazing stock upon their respective reservations that all such stock must be removed at once; and in case such removal is not made within thirty days, the names of such persons, together with the names of witnesses and all material facts in connection therewith, should be reported to this office [i. e., Washington], that proper legal action may be taken in the premises; and like reports should be made in cases where white persons hereafter drive or otherwise convey stock to range and feed upon Indian reservations without consent and approval as aforesaid.

Section 270. Where provision is made by treaty for the establishment of cattle trails across Indian reservations, and such trails have been established with the consent of the Indians and the approval of the Department, cattle men will be permitted to cross such reservations, care being taken by the agent that the established route is not deviated from and that unnecessary time is not consumed upon the reservation.

Section 271. Hereafter, with the above exceptions no white person or persons will be permitted to drive stock across Indian reservations or Indian country without first having obtained the consent of the Indians and the approval of this office. Any violation of this rule should be reported with all the facts in the case to this office in order that appropriate action may be had in the premises.

Section 2184. U. S. Revised Statutes—Every foreigner who shall go into the Indian country without a passport from the Department of the Interior, Superintendent, agent, or sub-agent of Indian Affairs, or officer of the United States commanding the nearest military post on the frontiers, or who shall remain intentionally thereon after the expiration of such passport, shall be liable to a penalty of one thousand dollars. Every such passport shall express the object of such person, the time he is allowed to remain, and the route he is to travel.

                           PROHIBITION OF HUNTING ON INDIAN LANDS.

Section 2137. Every person other than an Indian who, within the limits of any tribe with whom the United States has existing treaties, hunts or traps or takes and destroys any peltries or game, except for subsistence in the Indian country, shall forfeit all the traps, guns, and ammunition in his possession used or procured to be used for that purpose, and all peltries so taken, and shall be liable in addition to a penalty of five hundred dollars.

Section 2147. The Superintendent of Indian Affairs and the Indian agents and sub agents shall have authority to remove from the Indian country all persons found there contrary to law, and the President is authorized to direct the military force to be employed in such removal.


Arkansas City Traveler, December 22, 1880. Editorial Page.

                                                THE OKLAHOMA BOOM.

Caldwell, Kansas, December 18. Two teams and ten recruits joined the colony today from Montgomery County. The couriers from the western counties returned this morning with instructions to make no move at present. Nothing can be learned as to what was done at the secret meeting last night.

At a colony meeting held today, everybody was excluded from camp except members. It is understood to prevent parties from going into the Territory tapping claims.

It was expected that the opposition of the army would have broken up the colony and sent them back to their families, but it seems to have had the opposite effect and they think Congress will soon act and then it will be a race for choice of claims.

Major Randall said today that there need be no fear of an Indian outbreak if the settlers went in by the permission of the Government but that there would be danger if the settlers forced their way in, and the troops attempted to put them out. The Indians would rise, thinking they were helping the Government.

Col. Coppinger left last evening for Leavenworth, leaving Major Randall in command.

The excitement was increased in the camp by the arrival of B. F. Overton, Governor of the Chickasaw Nation; O. N. C. Ducon, of the Cherokees, and G. W. Grayson, of the Creeks. These gentlemen would never be taken for Indians, as they have only a sixteenth of Indian blood in their veins. They registered from Iowa to conceal their identity, but they soon found this unneces­sary, as the colonists were glad to see them. Thos. Cloud, a full-blood, represents the Seminoles. They say that if the Government permits the colony to go to Oklahoma, their people will raise an army of 5,000 and drive them out. They are very bitter.

Mr. Grayson said to the colonists: “We are doing all we can to prevent the opening of the country, and you had just as well go home, for we have bought, and can buy, your Congressmen like so many sheep and cattle.”

They denounced Col. Boudinot as the Benedict Arnold of the Indian race.

A severe norther is blowing, and the staying qualities of the colony is being put to a severe test.

                                           DR. WILSON IN WASHINGTON.

Washington, Dec. 18. Dr. Robert M. Wilson, representative of Capt. Payne’s Oklahoma colonists, arrived today. He expects to call upon the President Monday and urge that his proclamation of last spring be so qualified as to give the colonists a military escort through the Cherokee strip, and permit them to settle upon the Government land in which the Indian title is extinguished by purchases.

                                                      A CRUEL SCHEME.

We have no words at our command strong enough to express our condemnation of the men who have fostered what has been lightly called the “Oklahoma boom,” until it has involved a large number of people in a fruitless crusade which must be productive of absolute suffering and want.

If the telegraphic reports be correct, a body of men, women, and children, in the month of December, exposed to the sudden and sometimes frightful changes of weather common to the Kansas winter, are encamped on the State line, inspired by what seems a fanatical desire to invade the Indian Territory. These people are described as, for the most part, very poor. They are starved out of the western counties. What have they, then, to gain by going to Oklahoma, an unsettled wilderness? They do not need land; they have too much land now. They left their homesteads which they legally possess, only, at the best, to secure other homesteads, but with an alarming probability of losing what they have, and securing nothing. If they stay where they are, they will starve unless fed by the Government or by charity; and if they move to Oklahoma, they will not help the matter. They will make it worse.

One settler could test the question whether Oklahoma is or is not open to settlement as well as a thousand. It needs no “colonizing” in the face of express orders to the contrary, and in defiance of the United States troops. If the disputed terri­tory is open to settlement, there is a way to find it out much more reasonable than that of these poor people.

When Mr. Dave Payne began this business, we stated that the conqueror of a territory was not wrapped up in his pantaloons. Our prediction has been abundantly fulfilled. When it came to facing the troops, Mr. Payne disappeared from the command of the “army of occupation.” Whether he resigned or was deposed is immaterial.

It is said the Oklahoma colonists have a chaplain. If that gentleman believes in the efficacy of his own petitions, he would do well, after a suitable thanksgiving for the disappearance of Payne, to ask that the colonists may escape from the clutches of the men who have been deceiving them; that they may return to their homes, or make new ones in Kansas, and possess their souls in patience until such time as Congress shall decide whether Oklahoma is open to settlement or otherwise. Champion.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 22, 1880.

                                             CHICAGO TIMES ON PAYNE.

Payne is a huge fellow and a professional colonist. He is an American and a typical frontiersman. His reputation was made by leading a colony into the Black Hills on the very heels of the surveying party sent in by the Government. It was a dangerous undertaking. He undertook the work in the pay of railroads chiefly, and the men who paid him live in Chicago today.

Payne penetrated the country at the head of a couple of hundred miners, adventurers, and men gathered from the street corners in the large Western cities. Had not the soldiers gone to the rescue, the whole party would have been annihilated. This was eight years ago.

Then Payne dropped out of sight. He was met in Southern Kansas, peddling corn salve. It was not possible for him to stop anywhere very long. The Black Hills had no attraction for him. No Indian was ever more of a nomad. Finally, he brought up at Fort Scott, so destitute that, it is said, he stole a pair of shoes, was arrested, and imprisoned thirty days for the theft.

Payne is a schemer: bold, unprincipled, and venal. He has adopted the extraordinary pro-fession of a colonist, and has no competitor in the vocation he has chosen. When a railroad or a company of speculators want a party led through a new country, or want reserved Indian lands stolen, or want a wild, dangerous country broken through, they know of no one save Payne to do it for them. It is his profession.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 22, 1880.

The Santa Fe company is putting up ice at Florence, Kansas, at the rate of four carloads per day.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 22, 1880.

Hassard Bros. sold about one thousand sheep in this vicinity last week, moving the remainder to Howard City, where they are feeding some six thousand wethers.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 22, 1880.

Three men came in from Oklahoma last Saturday. In inter­viewing them we inquired as to the number of people in the Oklahoma country, there having been rumors circulated to the effect that colonists were pouring in from other quarters. One of them replied that there were several people there. If his memory served him rightly, he thought there were fully four companies on the ground, but he believed they were paid to make this move—not by the railroads, but by Uncle Sam, who had fitted them out with horses, blue suits, and plenty of ammuni­tion, with instructions to remain there and receive all new comers. Our home-bound friends had been “received” and escorted to Fort Reno, where the North Star was pointed out to them and the information vouchsafed that it was healthier up this way. They thought so, too.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

We have conversed with a great many citizens in relation to the railroad stock owned by this county and the expression so far is almost unanimous that an election should be called to vote on a proposition to authorize the county commissioners to sell our stock in the Southern Kansas and Western and in the Cowley, Sumner and Fort Smith, either or both, at not less than sixty-five cents on the dollar in cash or in the bonds of this county. Of course, they desire to sell at the highest possible rate, but think it better to take even 65 cents than to hold on long for a higher price. If on a close examination of the law, it shall be held that it means that the precise price to be sold at shall be named in the proposition and that it could not legally be sold, at a higher price, it would be necessary to find the highest price that could be obtained; but if, as seems most reasonable, the intent of the law is merely to prohibit the sale of the stock at a lower price than that named in the proposition, but allowing the commissioners to sell at as much higher price as they can after the vote authorizing the sale is carried, then there is no need of any delay in calling the election.

In reply to a letter of inquiry sent to capitalists in Boston by Capt. J. S. Hunt for the commissioners, he received a letter offering sixty-five cents on the dollar for the S. K. & W. stock.

Col. M. L. Robinson has a letter from Robert H. Weems, the bond man of the great financial firm of Donnell, Lawson & Co., which we copy below. From this it will be seen that the writer quotes the K. C., L. & S. stock at 91 to 92. In the consolida­tion the same stock is rated at 95. The S. K. & W. stock which we hold is put into the consolidation at 75. We presume if put on the N. Y. market, it would be quoted at about 72. The letter quotes the A. T. & S. F. bonds offered for our stock at 99.

If we should trade our $68,000 stock at 75 for these bonds and then sell the bonds at 99, it would realize us $50,490 in cash or 74-1/4 cents on the dollar in cash for our stock.

Another idea is that the calling of the election if done during this month need not cost the county but little extra, for the regular township elections are to be held on the first Tuesday in February and the stock elections could be held at the same time and with the same officers of elections.

The following is the letter above mentioned.

Mr. M. L. Robinson, Cashier, Winfield, Kansas.

Dear Sir: Yours of the 9th was duly received, and in reply we beg leave to state that the stock of the Kansas City, Lawrence & Southern R. R. is worth from 91 to 92. The 40 year 5 percent bonds of the A., T. & S. F. R. R. are worth 99 and interest. The consolidation you mention has appeared here in the various papers and as stated by you. This would result in the county securing $54,000 in 5 percent bonds, which are worth par, and we do not think that they will be worth less in the future. The county can undoubtedly trade them off to the Cowley, Sumner and Ft. Smith road. The 7 percent bonds issued by your county will be hard to get, as they are more scattered.

I will be pleased to hear from you further regarding this matter, and anything which I can do for you or for the county will be done most cheerfully and faithfully.

                                               Yours truly, ROBT. H. WEEMS.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

Further advices from the boomers say that they are camped at Caldwell 180 strong, or rather weak. That the troops are camped near them, that their “forward or fight” principles have not rushed them into the territory yet, that the new commander, Maidt, is no more anxious for a fight than Dave Payne, that the leaders are spending their time selling shares in the Oklahoma Town Company at $25 each, and in telegraphing exaggerated accounts of their strength, courage, and determination to the associated press, and that they are awaiting the effect of these dispatches on congress.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

A correspondent of the Globe Democrat predicts an Indian raid from the territory that will penetrate as far as Topeka. If the Indian raid is not more penetrating than the boomer raid on the territory, it will not be dangerous.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

The U. S. Senate rather “sat down on” the Oklahoma boom on Tuesday. Senator Cockrell presented the petition of the boomers, and after discussion as to whether it should be referred to the committee on territories or to committee on Indian affairs, it was ordered to lie on the table.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

While in Arkansas City, Monday, we had the pleasure of meeting W. Heimke, quarter master general. He is a graduate of West Point, and as is usual with West Pointers, he has secured for a wife one of the most handsome women we ever met. Gen. Heimke was down on business in regard to the Oklahoma boom.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

Hon. J. R. Hallowell, U. S. district attorney for Kansas, in company with Capt. Smith, deputy U. S. marshal, honored our city with their presence on last Tuesday. Two livelier, whole-souled fellows cannot be found in Kansas.

The situation is still unchanged in regard to the Oklahoma raiders. They are still at Hunnewell, and the expedition is a failure: more for reason of brave intelligent leadership than anything else. Payne is nothing more than a drunken blather­skite.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

It is claimed by some that the Santa Fe proposition to extend the El Dorado Branch is made at this time for the purpose of heading off the Fort Scott road, and to prevent the county voting bonds to aid its construction through this county, with a branch down the valley to Winfield. No man knows, outside the Fort Scott Company itself, whether they have the money to build or not.

This company, not having the money itself, may have secured the control of this line with the hope of being able to induce capitalists to take hold and build the road; they may be working it up with a view of selling out to some other corpora­tion, or they may have the money to build. It is impossible to tell what they will or will not do until the line is completed to Humboldt, where it will connect with the Missouri, Kansas & Texas road, and until a reasonable amount of work is actually done on the line west of the last named place.

While it is claimed that this company intends building a branch line from El Dorado to Newton, in addition to the direct line to Wichita, it has never been claimed that they intended to build down the valley. “A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush,” and it is fair to presume that the people of the southern portion of the county will take up with the Santa Fe proposition, regardless of any other that may be made. There is nothing in the future as sure as that the El Dorado branch will be extended, if the franchises are voted as specified in the proposition.

Having had some experience with “paper” railroads, we are not willing to believe the Fort Scott road is coming until we can actually see the smoke of the construction engine “on the top of the Flint Hills,” or somewhere else in that immediate vicinity. Eldorado Times.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

                                              Boys! Read This and Consider.

Some years ago a boy in Beloit, Wisconsin, longed for an education, which he was too poor to get even at the price furnished in a Western college. He took a commercial course, and applied himself to strict rules of business.

He enjoyed fun and a “good time” as heartily as any of his fellows; but abstemiousness was his highest feast, and he had not time to “fool away,” as he expressed it.

He determined to make the most of himself, and took for his motto, “Whatever is worth doing at all is worth doing well.”  He pasted this motto in his hat, and as long as the motto stuck to the hat he stuck to the motto. He learned to operate a telegraph instrument at odd moments; but he learned it thoroughly. Master­ing these two things, common bookkeeping and telegraphy, he applied for and obtained the agency for a small and obscure station far out on the railroads in the Northwest. His accurate reports and careful attention to details attracted the attention of his superiors, and he was soon promoted to a better station.

It was frequently noted that he was not merely working for a salary, but for character and standing among men. He has his reward. He has never forgotten his motto. One promotion fol­lowed another solely on his merit, as he had no influential friends to push him into office.

He became Assistant Division Superintendent of the road for which he had worked as an obscure station agent. He rose to the position of Superintendent of another railroad, and was in demand by these great corporations. He made himself a necessity. For some years he has been General Manager of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad, and controls millions of dollars in that gigantic enterprise. He knows all the details of the fifteen hundred miles of railroad under him from the grading of the road bed and laying of a tie to the manipulation of giant corporations in the interest of a thoroughfare to the great Wonderland of the Southwest toward the going down of the sun in the Pacific.

Modest, unassuming, conscientious to a scruple, yet tireless in his energy, William B. Strong stands as a hero in his calling, and will take his place in history among the mighty men who subdue the wilderness by steam, and civilize a land by the locomotive.

Chicago Advance.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

The item of ice alone, is no inconsiderable one, to the A., T. & S. F. Railroad Company, which will be seen by a glance at the following figures, which were given our reporter by Mr. F. M. Smith, purchasing agent of the road.

The Company is storing ice along the entire length of the road, as follows:  700 tons at Lawrence, 500 tons at Topeka, 400 tons at Atchison, 450 tons at Emporia, 500 tons at Florence, 1,500 tons at Florence storehouse, 450 tons at Newton, 400 tons at Sargent, 500 tons at La Junta, 250 tons at Pueblo, 400 tons at Las Vegas, 350 tons at Pueblo, 400 tons at Las Vegas, 350 tons at Gallisteo Junction, 450 tons at Albuquerque, and 400 tons at San Marcial, or a total of 7,200 tons. This ice is to be used for the comfort of passengers by the Santa Fe. Commonwealth.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

                            Items of Interest Gathered at the State Departments.

The Judges of the Supreme Court will meet next Monday for the purpose of consultation and to file opinions.

                                             RAILROAD CONSOLIDATION.

Articles of consolidation were filed in the office of the Secretary of State, yesterday, by the officers of the Kansas City, Lawrence & Southern Railroad, the Southern, Kansas & Western Railroad, and the Sumner County Railroad. The name of the Company will be the Kansas City, Lawrence & Southwestern Rail­road. The articles are signed by H. H. Hunnewell, President, and Chas. Merriam, Secretary, for the S. K. & W., and Geo. H. Nettleton, President and Jas. S. Ford, Secretary, for the Sumner County road.

Commonwealth, 16th.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

A correspondent of the Globe Democrat predicts an Indian raid from the territory that will penetrate as far as Topeka. If the Indian raid is not more penetrating than the boomer raid on the territory, it will not be dangerous.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

The U. S. Senate rather “sat down on” the Oklahoma boom on Tuesday. Senator Cockrell presented the petition of the boomers, and after discussion as to whether it should be referred to the committee on territories or to committee on Indian affairs, it was ordered to lie on the table.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

The first effort of “consolidating” will probably be about January 1st, when the chief telegraph office will be moved from the Santa Fe to the K. C., L. & S. depot.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

The question of railroad transportation is exciting much attention over the country at present. A convention of farmers has been called to meet at Topeka and take the matter into consideration.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

The county commissioners meet on the 24th to consider propositions to purchase the stock in the S. K. & W. railroad. The offer to give A., T. & S. F. bonds at par for the stock at 75 cents is to be held open until February 15th.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

John E. Thomas, engineer for the Santa Fe, spent Tuesday evening in our city. It is his opinion there will be more miles of railroad built the coming year than in any previous one excepting 1872, when there were seven thousand miles of new track laid.

While in Arkansas City, Monday, we had the pleasure of meeting W. Heimke, quarter master general. He is a graduate of West Point, and as is usual with West Pointers, he has secured for a wife one of the most handsome women we ever met. Gen. Heimke was down on business in regard to the Oklahoma boom.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

Hon. J. R. Hallowell, U. S. district attorney for Kansas, in company with Capt. Smith, deputy U. S. marshal, honored our city with their presence on last Tuesday. Two livelier, whole-souled fellows cannot be found in Kansas.

The situation is still unchanged in regard to the Oklahoma raiders. They are still at Hunnewell, and the expedition is a failure: more for reason of brave intelligent leadership than anything else. Payne is nothing more than a drunken blather­skite.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

                                           VERNON CENTRE, Dec. 10, 1880.

EDS. COURIER:  You request an expression of opinion as to what is best to do with the railroad bonds. I have taken some pains to learn the prevailing sentiment of the people in this vicinity in regard to that matter, and find that they very generally, almost unanimously, would prefer $51,000 cash, or its equivalent, to the stock the company now holds. If time is not too precious, the spring election is near at hand and without additional expense the will of the people might find expression there. This seems to be the better way.

                                           Respectfully yours,  E. D. SKINNER.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1880.

There is some excitement over the combination of the Santa Fe and East and West railroads.


Winfield Courier, December 30, 1880.

The commissioners of this county have called a special election to be held on Tuesday, the first day of February, A. D. 1881, to vote upon two propositions:  the one authorizing the sale of the Cowley, Sumner and Fort Smith railroad stock, at not less than 65 cents on the dollar, and the other authorizing the sale of the Southern Kansas and Western railroad stock at or above same limits. This call is made in response to a general expression of the people as far as heard from favoring the submission of the proposition on the terms named.

This expres­sion is not quite unanimous, for at least one of our citizens, whose financial opinions are entitled to as much weight as those of any man in this community, objects decidedly to holding the election, and considers it very imprudent to vote such authority to sell. He holds that the S. K. & W. stock is going to advance and is likely to go up to par, and that the principal object which any parties can have in making proposi­tions to buy this stock is to make a large speculation on it. He thinks it wrong to expose the commissioners to the offers of personal advantage which will be sure to be made to them by parties anxious to buy, and that it will be time enough to vote authority to sell when we have an offer nearly equivalent to par in cash. He does not think that the C. S. & F. S. stock can be sold as high as 65 cents for a long time to come and that it is useless to vote authority to sell at present.

The idea of others with whom we have conversed and of the commissioners is, that with a limited authority to sell they are not required to sell at once, but can hold until it is evident that the best offer is made and the right time to sell has come, and that when such offer comes, it may require so prompt action to avail ourselves of it that there will not be time to submit it to a vote to acquire the authority to sell.

During the time up to the election, on February first, the market will be canvassed as thoroughly as possible, and all the facts in relation to the value and prospects of the stock that can be obtained will be. At the same time offers will be made. If it is thought best, we can then delay for months for more information and more offers.

If the offer of the K. C., T. & W. and the A. T. & S. F. already made should finally be found to be the best, if it shall be found that the bonds offered can be sold at par for cash, the interme­diate trades of S. K. & W. stock at 75 for consolidated stock at par for Santa Fe bonds at par, could be made, provided that they were contingent on the sale of the bonds at par for cash or county bonds are delivered. This would yield the county $51,000 cash for its $68,000 stock on the S. K. & W.

The A., T. & S. F. offer stands until February 15th. By that time we can know more of the value and prospects of the stock, and can then decide whether it is best to accept that offer.

The highest offer yet received in cash direct is 65 cents. We have no fears of the result. We favored the calling of the election. It being called on the day for township elections will not be attended with much extra expense. There is no danger of it being carried against the will of the people, for the law requires a two-thirds vote for either proposition to carry it. If it is best that it be defeated, there are five weeks before the election in which to convince one-third of the voters of such fact.

Our columns will be open to those opposed to present their views in reasonable length. For ourselves we believe it best to vote the authority to sell and shall so advocate until otherwise convinced. We want the taxes reduced in any judicious way that can be devised, and do not wish to miss any chance to reduce our county debt as much as possible.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1880.

Adjutant General Noble has received another letter from the Inaugural Committee in regard to bringing the Kansas militia to Washington, March 14th. The letter states that the militia will have to pay half fare and furnish their own provisions. This will perhaps settle the matter, for no company in the state can afford to go and pay its own expenses.


Winfield Courier, December 30, 1880.

The Telegram has commenced war against the Santa Fe railroad.

Major Tom Anderson has resigned his position with the Santa Fe to go into the wholesale boot and shoe business. We esteem this resignation quite a loss to the Santa Fe, as Major Tom is blessed with as large a stock of good common sense as any man in the state of Kansas.

The Santa Fe has had their engineer go over the ground and report the cost of a road from Eldorado through Douglass to Winfield. If the people want to vote the necessary aid, they can have the road. Such a road would build up Little Dutch and Rock, and at the expense of Winfield.


Arkansas City Traveler, January 5, 1881. Editorial Page.

Wichita, Kansas, December 31, 1880. It is reported here today, on reliable authority, that Maj. Bloss, of the Oklahoma colonists, sent a peremptory challenge to Lieut. Wood, at Caldwell, yesterday. Capt. Parry is there as the second of Maj. Bloss, who also carried the message.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 5, 1881.

                                          PAYNE DEFENDS HIS POSITION.

Fort Smith, Arkansas, December 31. David L. Payne, of Oklahoma fame, by his attorneys, Baker, Krum and Boudinot, of St. Louis, today filed his answer to the suit pending against him in the United States court, for unlawfully entering and remaining in the Indian Territory.

By his answer he avers that he was not at the time charged in the complaint in any part of the Indian country owned or occupied by any Indian tribe at the time charged in the complaint, and for some time prior thereto, he, as a citizen of the United States, was located on lands belonging to the United States exclusively, within the limits of the Indian Territory, and to which no Indian or Indian tribe had any right or title whatever; that his loca­tion and settlement was made upon lands purchased by the United States from the Creek and Seminole Indians by a treaty ratified in August, 1866, and that said lands are a part of the public domain. He denies that he was removed from any part of the Indian country embracing lands belonging to any tribe of Indians or to which any tribe of Indians had any right whatever, but claims that he has been wrongfully and unlawfully ejected from his said settlement upon the public domain by the military forces of the United States, and claims damages in the sum of $20,000.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 5, 1881.

Lieut. Wood, in command of a detachment of soldiers, arrived in town last Monday, and is now encamped on the Walnut near Harmon's ford. He expects to be reinforced shortly.


Arkansas City Traveler, January 5, 1881.

An election has been called by the county commissioners for the purpose of voting on the proposition to sell the county's stock in the Cowley, Sumner & Fort Smith and Southern Kansas & Western railroads—the proceeds to be applied to the payment or purchase of the outstanding bonds of this county. Tuesday, February 1, is the day designated for the election. We under­stand the county is offered seventy-five cents on the dollar for this stock, which is everywhere considered an exceptionally good offer.

Winfield Courier, January 6, 1881.

A new move is being organized to settle the Oklahoma lands. This is to colonize the exodusters there. It is claimed that under the terms of the treaties, these freedmen have a special right to settle on these lands. They say that they have been outraged and driven from the south, that these lands were pur­chased for them, that they are farther south than Kansas or Indiana, and the climate is more congenial to them, and there is no reason that they should not occupy the land. If on examina­tion their position is found to be correct, they will not be interfered with by the government we suppose.

Winfield Courier, January 6, 1881.

Dr. Wilson has called on the president and is perfectly astounded by the ignorance of the president concerning the rights of the Oklahoma boomers.

Dr. Wilson's journey to Washington on behalf of the Oklahoma boomers has proved a complete failure. There is now nothing left for them but to fight or disperse.

Winfield Courier, January 6, 1881.

Conductor Goodyear, of the Caldwell branch of the A. T. & S. F., was in Winfield several days last week.

Winfield Courier, January 6, 1881.

The Santa Fe railroad comes to the front in a most benevo­lent manner with a splendid gift to the poor of Winfield. They propose to carry free of charge from the mines in Trinidad, Colorado, to Winfield two cars of coal. The freight on the coal would amount to $147.20. Is is a large gift, and shows a dispo­sition on the part of the management to extend all the favors possible to the people along their lines. It will certainly bring warmth and gladness to the hearts of many poor families in our city. Mr. Garvey laid the matter before General Freight Agent Goddard, and it was through his efforts that the donation was made.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, January 12, 1881. Editorial Page.

                                                   ANOTHER RAILROAD.

Yesterday afternoon our citizens assembled to hear the agents of Jay Gould make a proposition to this township for another railroad—the extension of the M., K. & T. from Indepen­dence to this point. It is their plan to build this road by township aid alone, and to complete it to Arkansas City by January 1, 1882. The amount of aid asked for is very small. We shall speak at length on this subject next week.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 12, 1881.

A Payne-killer is wanted in Southern Kansas, warranted to remove Payne for good on short notice.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 12, 1881.

From a letter to one of our citizens, we learn that Capt. Payne will be here with the Oklahoma boomers some time this week. He may come, and he may not.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 12, 1881.

Some of the soldier boys had a “bit of a time” last Monday, trying to get up a corner on whiskey. After they had sobered off somewhat, the Lieutenant let them carry logs by way of amusement.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 12, 1881.

We understand Secretary Schurz has instructed Agent Miles to order all white herders off the Osage reservation, and to issue permits only to those who may be employed by widows and orphans.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 12, 1881.

Two gamblers from Caldwell, named Kinney and Philips, came over to this city last Friday, for the purpose of playing the soldiers out of their money. Lieut. Wood notified the authori­ties of their scheme, and on last Monday night the gentlemen were “pulled” at their game by Marshall Sinnott, and on Tuesday the Mayor called for $50 and costs from them. Good for our Mayor. If the game is repeated, they will get a heavier dose next time.


Arkansas City Traveler, January 12, 1881. Page Four.

                                                 THE OKLAHOMA BOYS.

Most of the Oklahoma boys are at home again. Fourteen of these enterprising gentlemen were looking for the editor of the Eagle, headed by chaplain Weaver. For three days we did our principal traveling through alleys and side streets. Maj. Bloss had challenged Lieut. Wood on Friday, and we heard that Payne was a regular peripatetic arsenal. As good luck would have it, we were caught by a divided squad, and, of course, no seven boomers could get away with us. The boys are a jolly set, socially, bright and brave, but the U. S. army is too many for them.

It is said that Dr. Wilson, who went to Washington in behalf of the Oklahoma settlers to try to induce the President to espouse their cause, met with a repulse. President Hayes refused to order or modify his position, and has told Wilson that if the colonists attempted to enter the Indian Territory they will be considered as violators of the law, and treated as such.

However that may be, a secret and confidential circular was sent out on the 28th over Payne’s fist, announcing that, for the time being, they had been stopped and that the next move would be to concentrate five thousand men on the lands before planting time. Our opinion is, and it is the advice for which we charge nothing, that until Congress takes some favorable action it is time and wind thrown away—as for money the boys had none to squander in the first place. Wichita Eagle.

Winfield Courier, January 13, 1881.

Ed. Brown, one of the best engineers on the Gould roads, and Hon. A. J. Mathewson were in town this week en route through the western counties looking over the ground for the new Pacific railroad to be built in the Gould interest from Parsons through Labette, Montgomery, Elk, Cowley, and the counties west to the State line. It is talked that another branch will be built from Leroy by way of Wichita to connect with the road through this county at some point west of here.


Arkansas City Traveler, January 19, 1881. Editorial Page.

                                                   THE NEW RAILROAD.

Respecting the new railroad project, of which we made brief mention last week, there have been no further developments. Messrs. Brown and Matthewson, two prominent men in railroad circles, have been through the southern tier of counties in this State on a tour of observation—their object being to feel the public pulse and report to their chief, Mr. J. Gould. They were not authorized to make any contracts with the townships along the line, but could give the people an idea of what their company would expect or ask in the way of aid.

The projected road is to leave the M., K. & T. at Parsons, and proceed westward as near the State line as possible, township aid being asked the entire distance. For the miles of road built in this county, they will want about $75,000 in township bonds, the road to be completed by the 1st of January, 1882.

Some thirteen miles of railroad will be built in this township, for which they only ask $30,000. In obedience to the request of Winfield parties, Messrs. Brown and Matthewson visited our county seat and listened to a proposition from them, but said their instructions were to go to Arkansas City; and consequently they could not entertain a proposition from Winfield.

It is not the purpose of the company to build to Winfield if they can secure the aid asked for from the southern townships. Our farmers will do well to think and talk of this matter among themselves, that they may be prepared to act intelligently upon the question whenever it is presented for their action. We will gladly publish views on this question from the farmers.


Arkansas City Traveler, January 19, 1881. Editorial Page.

                                                   THE NEW RAILROAD.

The proposed operations of corporations are always involved in more or less of doubt and mystery. Managers of great lines are very reticent and very slow to give information. When the development of a new project has reached a certain stage, then an intelligent editor with that beginning, and scattered information that he can pick up, may be able to outline projects which appear mysterious.

During the past week Gould, through his officers, has obtained charters for two new roads. One running from Le Roy, the present terminus of the Missouri Pacific, through the coun­ties of Coffey, Woodson, Greenwood, Butler, Sedgwick, Kingman, then southwest through Harper, and then west. The other road starts at Parsons, in Labette county, which is the junction of the old M., K. & T., running southwest through the counties of Labette, Montgomery, Chautauqua, Cowley, Sumner, Harper, where it will probably join the first mentioned line.

Last Monday, Ed. B. Brown, who is now president of the Lexington and Southern railroad, and Angell Matthewson, president of Matthewson & Co.'s bank at Parsons, were in this county in the interest of the latter road. Their instructions were to avoid Winfield and proceed directly to Arkansas City. This was done. A meeting was held in that town, and seventy-five thousand dollars of township bonds promised the road from the south tier of townships.

Here you have certain facts, what are the conclusions? It is evident that Gould intends pushing his system of roads west, so as to share with the Santa Fe the rich traffic of the mineral regions. Next, he wants to be as close to the Territory line as possible, so that when it is opened he can go south from any point. It will also give him a larger scope of unoccupied territory.

Our last conclusion is that both these roads are going to be built, and Winfield will not get either, no matter what amount of bonds we may promise. We can go ahead with our meetings and do “our level best,” but “the eyes of the animal is sot.” Monitor.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 19, 1881.          

The soldiers are gone, and our city is without protection.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 19, 1881.

One of Lieut. Wood's soldiers received his discharge in this city on the 16th, having served five years in the regular army.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 19, 1881.

The great march into Oklahoma has not only come to a decided halt, but the columns of the sturdy boomers are fast breaking to pieces, and one by one they are returning to their homes. In consequence of this the military situation has been changed. Co. G, 4th cavalry, Lieut. Wood commanding, left this city last Saturday morning for the Oklahoma country and Fort Reno; Co. H, 4th cavalry, Lieut. Mason commanding, has left Caldwell for Reno, while Co. F, 4th cavalry, Lieut. Martin, will be stationed at some point on the road for a short time.


Winfield Courier, January 20, 1881.

A Payne-killer is wanted in Southern Kansas, warranted to remove Payne for good on short notice.

From a letter to one of our citizens, we learn that Capt. Payne will be here with the Oklahoma boomers sometime this week. He may come, and he may not.

Some of the soldier boys had a “bit of a time” last Monday, trying to get up a corner on whiskey. After they had sobered off somewhat, the Lieutenant let them carry logs by way of amusement.

Two gamblers from Caldwell, named Kinney and Phillips, came over to this city last Friday for the purpose of playing the soldiers out of their money. Lieut. Wood notified the authori­ties of their scheme, and on last Monday night the gentlemen were “pulled” at their game by Marshal Sinnott, and on Tuesday the Mayor called for fifty dollars and costs from them. Good for our Mayor. If the game is repeated, they will get a heavier does next time.


Winfield Courier, January 20, 1881.

We are under obligation to W. F. White, general passenger and ticket agent of the Santa Fe, for a new paper in the inter­est of that road, and called the Santa Fe Trail, and also a map of the United States and Mexico, showing the completion and proposed lines of this vast corporation. Any of our readers desiring the Trail, can be placed on the subscription list free by addressing the editor, Chas. S. Gleed, Topeka.


Winfield Courier, January 20, 1881.

On Tuesday the first day of February is the election for township officers and also the election on the proposition to authorize the county commissioners to sell our railroad stock at not less than 65 cents on the dollar cash.

It is our opinion that the electors of this county should vote in favor of that proposition. The best offer that has been made in cash direct so far is 65 cents for the $68,000 stock in the S. K. & W. road; but the offer to exchange our stock at 75 for consolidated stock of the K. C. T. & W., and the consolidated stock at par for A. T. & S. F. bonds, is thought to be equivalent to 75 cents cash for our stock because the A. T. & S. F. bonds are said to be worth their face. The commissioners could not make this trade unless in the same transaction a purchaser should take the Santa Fe bonds at cash so that in effect the cash would be received when the stock was delivered.

It is possible that still better offers will be made before the stock would be sold. At worst the act of voting the authori­ty would not compel the commissioners to sell at once, or to sell at all for that matter. They could hold until the best offer they could expect was made and then close. Of course, we should expect them to act judiciously and do the best for the county, but we would not advise them to hold so long as to lose the opportunity to avail themselves of the best offer. It is our opinion that if it is found on a thorough investigation that 65 cents cash is the best we can do, we had better sell even at that. There are too many chances that railroad stocks, such as these, may go down in the market to warrant us in holding too long for a better offer than 65.

We urge our readers to consider this matter carefully and vote understandingly, but to vote by all means and let their opinions be felt at the polls.

If the authority is voted, it will probably realize the county about $50,000 in cash for the S. K. & W. stock. There is no offer for the Cowley, Sumner & Fort Smith stock, $128,000. We have out $33,000 ten percent refunding bonds, which will come due in two years, and the proceeds of the sale can soon be used to stop this big interest. The railroad bonds of the county are said to be worth about 97 cents on the dollar in the market, and we can doubtless get all we can pay for at par or less. The S. K. & W. bonds only draw 6 percent, and they are the bonds we should leave for the last.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1881.

Hunnewell wants a newspaper.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1881.

Our railroad stock: to sell, or not to sell?

Not to sell, and don't for a moment forget it.

Vote against the proposition to sell our railroad stock.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1881.

Coal is in good demand—or would be if there were any in town.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1881.

We are informed that the surveyors are now at work on the proposed line of the Gould railroad from Parsons to this city.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1881.

Don't forget that the election for township officers, and to vote for or against the sale of our railroad stock, will be held the same day—Tuesday, February 1, 1881.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1881.

                                                   THE NEW RAILROAD.

Editors Traveler: The proposed route for this new railroad is certainly a good one, and may be of great benefit to us. Besides giving us a direct line to St. Louis, it will give us another western market. But there is something more. They want $75,000 in township bonds from the southern tier of townships in this county—$15,000 from Bolton, $30,000 from Creswell, and $30,000 from the townships further east. Everybody in this section of country, but more especially in Creswell and Bolton townships, is interested in having a good bridge across the Arkansas river. Should we have high waters this spring, we may wake up some fine morning to a knowledge of the fact that we are minus a bridge. Now, we are already heavily in debt, and if we add to this the bonds this railroad asks, and our bridge should happen to leave us, what will we do? What can we do? Either do without a bridge, or go down into our pockets hunting for the money to build another one.

Now for a suggestion. Let the Boards of the two townships come together and make a proposition to Jay Gould’s agents to this effect. If we vote the bonds to this company, they must bind themselves to build us, in connection with the railroad bridge across the Arkansas, a good wagon bridge, which shall be free. It will cost them perhaps $3,000 extra, but that is very little out of the $45,000 wanted from us. If it would cost $5,000, it would still be but one-ninth of the bonds wanted. This, in addition to the benefits we may derive from the rail­road, will give us a good substantial crossing for our own accommodation. BOLTON.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1881.

Remember, if not a vote is cast against the proposition to sell our railroad stock, it will still require 2,920 votes in its favor to carry it. At the last election there were 4,379 votes polled in Cowley County for Congressional candidates. In an election of this nature the law stipulates that two-thirds of the votes in the county shall be cast in the affirmative. The only object in voting against it is to prevent any fraudulent practice at the polls.


Winfield Courier, January 27, 1881.

This is the last issue of the COURIER before the election of Tuesday, February first, at which the two propositions to autho­rize the sale of the railroad stock owned by this county will be carried or defeated. We have conversed with a great number of voters from all parts of the county and the expression has been almost unanimous in favor of the propositions. Yet though there should not be a single vote polled against either proposition, there is great danger that both will be defeated. The affirma­tive vote of two thirds of the electors of the county is required to carry the propositions and there is great danger that less than two thirds of the voters will appear at the polls and vote. . . .

There is not reasonable doubt that it is the best thing that can be done; that now, while railroad stocks are inflated more than ever before, is the time to sell, and not wait for a panic which will make our stocks of even less value than we expected when we voted the bonds.

There is little doubt but we shall be able to realize at least $50,000 for our $68,000 of S. K. & W. stock, and we can take up the 7 percent bonds at par or less, to the extent we desire after providing for canceling our $33,000 of 10 percent bonds.

This will reduce our county debt $50,000, and our yearly interest $4,490, which is a big item in the line of reducing our taxes. Under the same election the time will probably come when we can sell our $128,000 of C. S. & F. S. stock for $83,000 or more, and this will take up the remaining $51,000 of 7 percent bonds and $32,000 of our 6 percent bonds, making a further reduction of our annual interest of $5,490 and leaving us in debt only $96,000 at 6 percent, an annual interest of only $5,760 in place of the $15,740 which we are now paying.

Let every taxpayer turn out and work for both propositions.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 2, 1881. Editorial Page.

                                                    RAILROAD SCHEME.

Washington, Jan. 27. The bill reported favorably by the Senate committee on railroads to incorporate the Cherokee and Arkansas railroad company, is in the nature of a substitute for the entire bill as originally introduced. It gives the company the right of way through the public lands and Indian reserva­tions, subject to existing treaties, 100 feet wide, with twenty acres at each station, not nearer than ten miles of each other, from Arkansas City to Ft. Smith. The capital and stock is not to exceed $4,300,000, in shares of $100. The company must file its acceptance of the terms of the charter in sixty days from the passage of the act, and begin its line within six months and finish it within two years.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 2, 1881.

On last Thursday Mr. Leander Finley bought of Mr. McDougall, of Wichita, a fine thoroughbred short-horn bull, ten months old, for which he paid $75. He is of the noted herds of Pickerel & Sons of Illinois, and the Rochester herds, of Rochester, New York. Mr. Finley has about twenty high-grade cows, three of which are registered, and has sold several fine calves this  season.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 2, 1881.

The Wichita Eagle says that “Captain Dave Payne returned from the border boom rendezvous last week looking particularly hale. Since their chaplain left the boys have suffered greatly for spiritual consolation, which want, combined with cold weather and the prohibitory amendment, conspired to dampen their ardor much more than the mere menace of Uncle Sam's troops.” It just now occurs to us that during the holidays a subscription of something over $100 was raised in this town to induce the boomers' return to Arkansas City. They didn't come back. Did they get the money?

Winfield Courier, February 3, 1881.

TO THE CITIZENS OF WINFIELD AND VICINITY: Having resigned the agency of the Adams Express Company at this place, I will, on February 4th, open an office for the Wells Fargo Express Company in Winfield, at the old room in Manning's building, rear of post office. The Wells Fargo Express Co. will on that date put service on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe R. R., and all its branches, and connect by this line with the Southern Pacific R. R. in New Mexico, making a direct route to San Francisco, California. At Kansas City it will have a joint office with the American Express Co., which company now has a line extending to Boston, Massachusetts, and Portland, Maine. The Wells Fargo Co. will make arrangements with the American Express and with the D. & G. Express Co. in Colorado to waybill direct to all points in their territory, so that the old and popular Wells Fargo Express will control a through line from the Pacific to the Atlantic ocean, and can offer unequaled shipping facilities.

Ship by the Wells Fargo, and order your goods sent by this company from the west, or the American Express if from the east, and you will insure quick and cheap transportation and save trouble and expense. As agent of this company, I shall endeavor to so accommodate the public as to make it a pleasure to deal with the company.

                                        G. H. ALLEN, Agent Wells Fargo Ex. Co.

Winfield Courier, February 3, 1881.

The election of last Tuesday, in which so large a number of electors voted against the sale of the railroad stock belonging to this county, affords the most powerful argument in favor of locating the idiot asylum in this county.

Winfield Courier, February 3, 1881.

The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad company has purchased the Burlington and Santa Fe railroad for $212,000. This road runs from Ottawa to Burlington and is the one known as the “Schofield road.”

Arkansas City Traveler, February 9, 1881.

The bill incorporating the road from Arkansas City to Fort Smith has been recommended for passage, * * * *  There is a good prospect that the bill will pass at this session of Congress. If it does, then Cowley County will boom. Monitor.

This is probably one of the many agencies to be used by the gods in “destroying” Arkansas City, whose doom, according to Conklin, was “foretold centuries ago.” We'll take all this kind of doom they can furnish us, Joe.

Winfield Courier, February 10, 1881.

Commonwealth: The Cherokee Indians will tax horses and cattle 40 cents per year in that portion of the Indian Territory where their title has not been extinguished, being all that portion west of the Arkansas River and North of the Cimarron, excepting the Pawnee, Ponca, and Nez Perces reserves.


Winfield Courier, February 10, 1881.

On Monday morning the county commissioners again called an advisory meeting of the citizens to consider the matter of selling the S. K. & W. stock.

Met at the office of Jennings & Buckman at 11 a.m., about forty citizens being present. Col. J. M. Alexander was chosen chairman and C. C. Black secretary.

It appeared that only two offers were before the commission­ers, that of W. N. Coler & Co., of New York, of 65 cents for the stock, in the county 7 percent, bonds at par, and that of Edwards & Bo., of St. Louis, of 68 cents in cash for the stock.

A long discussion ensued, in which was discussed the rela­tive merits of the two offers, the probability of getting better, and of loss by delay, in which many citizens took part. Finally the meeting passed the following resolution almost unanimously and adjourned.

Resolved, That this meeting advises the county board to sell the $68,000 stock to-day at 68 cents cash or Cowley 7 per cent, bonds at par (unless a better offer is made) to such parties as it shall deem best.

The commissioners then met and agreed to sell the stock to W. N. Coler & Co. for 68 cents cash, amounting to $46,240, the exchange to be made at Read's Bank in Winfield without expense to the county, the bank becoming security that the purchaser shall consummate the trade immediately. As this arrangement saves the county all expense for exchange, transmission, etc., it is an advance over the St. Louis offier.

The treasurer drew on W. N. Coler & Co. for $46,240, accom­panied with the stock, and Read's Bank gave a receipt on deposits to the credit of the county of $46,240 in New York exchange. It is known, we believe, that N. Y. exchange is generally at a premium; never sells for less than par.

Winfield Courier, February 10, 1881.

Since the vote on the propositions to sell our stock, it is claimed that the idiot asylum ought to be located at Arkansas City.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 16, 1881.

The sale of $68,000 of K. C., L. & S. railroad stock held by this county was finally disposed of by the commissioners to Messrs. W. N. Coler & Co., of New York, for 68 cents on the dollar, cash. The sale and transfer of the stock were made through Read's bank, and a certificate of deposit was given to the county treasurer.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 16, 1881.

Messrs. Hill and Bonsall started to meet the surveyors on the proposed Missouri Pacific extension last Thursday, but were prevented by the severe storm from going further than Maple City. The surveyors are at Sedan, and will be here as soon as the weather permits. The people in the townships east of us are largely in favor of the road.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 16, 1881.

We are informed that Mr. P. F. Endicott, one of the oldest settlers in this vicinity, has received for hogs during the past few months the neat little sum of $1,153.85. They were raised on his farm southeast of town, and were shipped to Kansas City by our stock buyer, Mr. Ira Barnett. These facts are submitted to the attention of our farmer friends for their consideration, with the injunction “Go thou and do likewise.”

Arkansas City Traveler, February 16, 1881.

Mr. O. Ingersoll, the genial agent of the Santa Fe railroad at this point, is also agent for the Wells, Fargo express compa­ny, which bills direct to all points west of Kansas City, and will soon perfect arrangements to bill to all eastern points. Mr. Ingersoll has arranged with Mr. Dunn to transfer all express matter to and from his office, which is at the depot. The names of the company and their agent are safe guarantees of satisfac­tion to all who may favor them with their business.


Winfield Courier, February 17, 1881.

We hear that in some parts of the county there is great discontent because the county commissioners sold the stock without at the same time taking up our bonds in exchange there­for. It is complained that the money received for the stock is laying idle while interest is accruing on our bonds, if indeed the money is not being stolen, lost, or squandered.

As we offered in a public meeting the resolution on which the commissioners have acted, and as we advised them to act as they have done, we may as well state the reasons for such action for the benefit of our readers.

In the first place, there is no danger of the money being stolen, lost, or squandered. The proceeds of the stock is in the hands of county treasurer Harden,  where the law requires it to be, and he is responsible on his bond that it shall be appropriated according to law. The law requires that it shall be applied to pay the bonded debt of the county on the orders of the commissioners and if he should pay it out for anything else, he and his securities must make it good.

In the next place it was much more important that the stock should be sold at once than that the bonds should be bought in at once. The price at which the railroad stock could be sold was very precarious and uncertain at best.

Some of this same stock had sold as low as twenty-five cents on the dollar, but the temporary demand for it, caused by the consolidation of the roads, the desire to get up this stock for consolidation stock for the Santa Fe company, caused the stock to advance. Seventy five cents on the dollar was offered for it in 5 percent Santa Fe unsecured bonds, which we did not want nor had any legal right to trade for, bonds which might now be worth 90 cents to par, but are liable to take a grand tumble on the first money stringency or financial panic that should occur.

But a few weeks ago some townships in Sumner County sold through a financial agent some of this same stock at 70-1/2 cents, but paid the agent a commission, so that the stock netted scarcely 69. Since that sale it has been impossible to get an offer of more than 68 cents. In fact, the tendency is evidently to decline; and had we not sold until now, it is doubtful if we could have got more than 65. Should a stringency or panic take place, this stock would go down, down, perhaps to 25 cents again, perhaps to mere nothing.

There is little probability that it will go higher than 68 and it is almost certain that sooner or later it will go down. But we are out of trouble about the future of this stock, for we have sold out for $68,000 of it at 68 cents on the dollar, and have got the money for it, $46,240, safe in the county treasury. If stocks should tumble now, instead of losing we should make money by it. A panic now would help us amazingly about paying our bonded debt, however damaging it would be to all our other interests.

The reason that the commissioners did not take up our bonded debt at once with the money was that the parties buying stock had an option on some $45,000 of our 7 percent 30 year bonded debt and would not sell it to us for less than 104-6/10 cents on the dollar. Our 6 percent bonds were offered at par, but it was better to take up 7 percent at par or what would be still better, get our old ten percent at par or any premium under 12 percent. If we should let the money lay idle a month and then have to take our 7 percent at 104, we should lose nothing for the 6/10 would pay the interest accrued on the bonds during the month. But we shall do better. Already we are offered our 7 percent and 6 percent half and half at par. This, if we accept, is a gain of 2-3/10 percent, sufficient to pay more than four months interest on the bonds. But we do not advise that this offer be accepted. We should reject it promptly. We fully believe that we shall next get an offer of the 7 percent at par, perhaps we may soon get 10 percent at a small premium.

There is not the slightest need of rushing things now. There is no danger that our bonds will advance. There is much more probability of a panic or a financial change that will cause stocks and bonds to go down. We are ready for it; we are in the market to buy, and if our bonds decline, we shall make money by it. Our $46,250 cash will only buy $44,200 of our bonds at the rate the buyers of our stock asked for them. Should our 7 percent decline to 90 cents, we could with our money take up $51,377. of them.

Please be easy, gentlemen. Things are working well. Winfield chaps are not smart enough to steal this money. They cannot give it to Jay Gould for another railroad. It is not so much money as to send our $227,000 of bonded debt up above our reach. Those fellows who bought our 7 percent at 85 will consid­er how little of our debts this money can pay at best and will not know that it will not be stolen or paid to Jay Gould by these border barbarians. They do know that this is drouthy Kansas and that some of the best counties in the state have scaled down their debts fifty percent. They will no doubt think they have done well if they sell even at 90 cents, having got their inter­est and five percent profit besides.


Winfield Courier, February 17, 1881.

                                                   THE THROUGH ROUTE.

The Kansas City, Lawrence & Southern Railroad now completed to Winfield, is 30 miles the shortest, 2 hours the quickest, and the only line running through trains between Winfield and Kansas City. It is the best route to all points east. Close connec­tions are made with all trains at Union Depot, Kansas City. Trains on this line are always on time, thus making connections sure. Through tickets to all points are on sale at the Company's office in Winfield, at lowest rates. If any of your Eastern friends are coming West, write them to purchase tickets via the Through Route, the Kansas City, Lawrence & Southern R. R.

Winfield Courier, February 17, 1881.

The L. L. & G. has put up a water tank near the stock yards, and now have it in running order.

Winfield Courier, February 17, 1881.

“BUCKING SNOW” is what the railroad boys call it, and it certainly was “bucking” on a big scale. Through the courtesy of Superintendent Barnes, we were permitted to ride out to the scene and witness the engines and men at work. The cuts were level full of snow, so solidly packed that it would hold a person up. The largest engine was placed in front to do the “butting.” It would get back a half mile, take a run, and dive into the snow at the rate of forty miles an hour. It would generally dig through the snow about two hundred yards, when men were sent in with shovels to loosen it up. The other four engines would come up behind and after much puffing and blowing, the huge engine would be drawn back, ready for another dive.

The sight was one never to be forgotten. The engineer on the front engine was an old Kansas Pacific man, was used to block­ades, and was as fearless at Satan. He knew the engine which he controlled, and felt his power to govern it. The cut just on the backbone of the divide where the road crosses from the Walnut slope to the Arkansas is about twenty feet deep. The snow here was more solid than usual, and so deep that it reached the headlight of the engine. They reached this last cut about eight o'clock at night, and after examining it, a consultation was held with the engineer as to whether he was willing to attempt to force it as he had the others. He debated the matter for some time and at last told them to “clear the track” and ordered the firemen to “fill her up with coal.”

The start was to be made from the crossing, about a mile back. We took our stand opposite the cut on top of a mound about fifty feet above the track. The moon was almost full, and the track shone bright and glistening way down nearly to the crossing where the giant locomotive stood, with the grim engineer watching the finger of the dial plate on the steam gauge crawl slowly around as the two firemen shoveled in the coal. They were all ready, the finger on the dial showed one hundred and twenty pounds of steam, and the engineer, with one hand on the throttle, gave the signal that he was coming—and he did come! We saw a puff of smoke, and in an instant the locomotive shot down the track toward us. The next thing we knew we were covered with snow from head to foot, with the engine just opposite buried in the drift up to its smoke stack.

It took nearly an hour shovel­ing and pulling by the other engines before she was released from her snowy prison. We were tendered an invitation from Supt. Barnes to ride in with the engineer on his next dive, but owing to a “very bad cold,” we were compelled to forego the pleasure of such an excursion.

Winfield Courier, February 17, 1881.

                                                     THE SNOW STORM.

Last week Cowley County and Southern Kansas was visited by the severest snow storm ever before known. It commenced snowing Thursday evening; the wind was very high, and the snow soon drifted so that travel was completely blocked. The storm continued all day Friday and Friday night. The passenger train on the L., L. & G. came in all right Thursday night, but failed to get through to Wellington, getting stuck in a snow bank about two miles this side. Friday afternoon two large engines passed the depot going west to the rescue of the passengers. They found the train scattered along all the way from Oxford to Wellington, first digging out a coach, then a baggage car, and finally the engine stuck fast in a ten foot snow bank. Altogether, there were five engines and two trains snow bound between Winfield and Wellington, a distance of twenty-five miles. The Friday morning freight on the Santa Fe left Winfield all right, but failed to get through, as did the passenger coming down. No train came in on the Santa Fe until Tuesday. The passenger train came through from Wellington Monday morning, and also the train from Kansas City on the Monday night. This was the first mail from the east since the 10th.

Winfield Courier, February 17, 1881.

                                                           TRADE NOTES.

The past week has been a rough one on business of all kinds, with no shipments of grain or stock, owing to the blockaded condition of the roads. Businessmen and tradesmen have felt the effects of bad weather to a great extent. Prices have undergone no change. We quote wheat at 60 to 68 cents; corn 30 to 33 cents; oats 22 to 25 cents. The produce market is dull. Butter is plenty at 12½ to 15 cents. Hogs are more plenty, at 15 cents. Potatoes, 75 to 81 cents; sweet potatoes, $1. Poultry, no demand; live chickens, $1.25 to $1.50 per dozen; dressed chick­ens and ducks 5 cents per lb.; turkey, 8 to 9 cents. Hides, but few offering, with prices as follows: Green, 6 cents; green salt, 7 cents; dry flint, 12 cents; dry salt, 9 cents; bulls and stags one-half off. Pelts and furs in good demand at fair prices. Wood, dry, $4.55 to $5.55; green, $4; very little on the market. Coal, soft, $6.50 to $7; hard, $15; market entirely out. Hay, receipts exceedingly light: price $4.50 to $6. The stock market is still supplied for butchers' use, who are paying from 2¼ to 2½ cents per pound for cows; and 3 to 3½ cents per pound for steers. The hog market is quiet on account of none shipping; prices are lower than last week ranging from $4 to $4.25. Telegram.

Winfield Courier, February 17, 1881.

For seventy-two hours Winfield was isolated from the rest of the world, and to many it seemed like an age. We have become so accustomed to daily communication with the outside world that a return to the days of the stage-coach and four-day-old papers would be unendurable. It is such occasions as these that make us realize the value of railroads and telegraph wire.


Winfield Courier, February 24, 1881.

In making out the papers for the sale and transfer of the stock in the S. K. & W. railroad from the county to the purchas­er, there were some errors which made the transfer defective and the papers were sent back for correction.

Commissioners Gale and Bullington met at the county clerk's office on Monday of this week and made the proper correction. It is said that they also sent Messrs. James Harden, treasurer, and M. L. Robinson to New York and Boston to buy bonds.

These two gentlemen started east on Monday eve, but we suppose on their own expense and for their own purposes for the Commissioners have no power or authority to put the county to any expense for such a mission. They probably have gone to see the inauguration of the president and other sights and can well afford to do so, but the idea that they expect the county to pay their expenses is preposterous. The idea that they would be of any particular use to the county in finding and buying bonds at a low rate is equally absurd. The state has a financial agency in New York and the bankers of that institution live in the midst of bonds and stocks and know now more about our bonds, where to get them and what they are worth, than two new men could learn in six months. All our Commissioners need to do is to send the funds to the financial agency and instruct them to buy our bonds to the best advantage for the interests of the county. The idea of sending men from here to do the business is absurd and ridicu­lous.

We suppose that the howl raised in some quarters because the bonds were not bought in when the stock was sold, might have worried the commissioners some and made them feel that they ought to hurry up the matter of buying in the bonds in some way, so that when asked to send these experienced intelligent men east to hurry up the matter, without looking up the law or considering the use of sending them, they in their individual capacity and not as commissioners told them to go. But the story soon got out that the commissioners had sent them on this wild goose errand at the expense of the county and then commenced a howl indeed. Almost every man we met made either an angry comment in condemna­tion or a ridiculous comment in disapproval.

We would ask the people interested to keep cool and not to get excited. The commissioners are trying to do the best thing for the interests of the county and will not pay out the people’s money for any expenses not warranted by law.

The gentlemen named have a right to go east and buy bonds for that matter just as we fellows who stay at home have the same right.

Winfield Courier, February 24, 1881.

Treasurer Harden and M. L. Robinson, the committee appointed to buy our bonds, left on Monday’s train for New York and Boston. If bonds are to be had, they will get them.

Winfield Courier, February 24, 1881.

J. W. Nichols, Esq., a route agent of Wells, Fargo & Co.’s Express, was in the city over Sunday, having come here to visit their office in the place and post Mr. Allen, their agent, in the affairs of the company and arrange facilities for the accommoda­tion of their flourishing business, which is prospering finely under the hands of Mr. Allen. Mr. Nichols is an old expressman of many years experience and represents a company which is noted for its liberality to both its employees and patrons, and for fair and honest dealing with the public. Wells, Fargo & Co.’s Express Company has a thirteen years’ lease of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad and all its branches, and hopes by square dealing and close attention to business to win the confi­dence and patronage of the people in this section of country as it has elsewhere.


Winfield Courier, March 3, 1881.

We are very much surprised at an editorial in this week’s COURIER in relation to the subject, “Our Stock and Bonds.”

The following is the official action of the commissioners, and we want to say for Messrs. Gale and Bullington that neither of them were to blame for the necessity that caused the board to take the action detailed below.

On Feb. 21, 1881, the Board of county commissioners met in official session. Present: G. L. Gale, chairman, L. B. Bullington, member, and J. S. Hunt, county clerk.

The board directed the county clerk to correct the journal entry of February 4th and February 7th, 1881. Said entries were accordingly corrected. These errors were informalities in regard to the transfer of the stock of the Southern, Kansas and Western railroad.

On motion of the chairman it was resolved that James Harden, county treasurer of Cowley county, and M. L. Robinson be appoint­ed and empowered as a special committee to take the correct­ed papers relating to the special election, held February 1st, 1881, and AT THE EXPENSE OF COWLEY COUNTY, proceed to Kansas City, Missouri, and have the same approved by Wallace Pratt, attorney, to whom the original papers had been referred by Charles Merriam, trustee; then proceed to New York and Boston and purchase for and in behalf of Cowley County, Kansas, forty-six thousand two hundred and forty dollars worth of the outstanding bonds of the said Cowley County, Kansas, provided the seven percent bonds of the said Cowley County can be purchased at a commission or premium of not more than two and one-half percent; the six percent bonds of said Cowley County at not more than par and accrued interest, and the ten percent bonds of the said Cowley County at a rate correspondingly beneficial to the inter­ests of said county, or any of said specified bonds to the amount of forty-six thousand two hundred and forty dollars worth at as much better rates for the interest of said county as possible. And if the present purchase can be made at such rates or at most one percent of such rates, this committee shall ascertain as much as possible in relation to whom the holders are of such bonds at what rate and the lowest rate any of said bonds can be purchased, etc., and make a full report of all of said items on their return.

Board adjourned.

                                                   J. S. HUNT, County Clerk.

We clip the above from the last Monitor and will remark that when we wrote the editorial in the COURIER alluded to and when we went to press we had not been furnished a copy of the commissioners’ proceedings, and as they are usually furnished the county paper by the clerk, we had not been to the records to examine them. We had heard rumors on the street concerning the proceedings, which struck us as improbable for the reasons then given. Now that we have a copy of the official proceedings, we make the correction by publishing them as above.

We do not wish to do injustice to any parties connected with this matter and are disposed to give to all the credit of desir­ing in their action to accomplish the best interests of the county. We know that the commissioners would act in no other way but for the interests of the county according to their best judgment; but we must be permitted to dissent from the course taken and to hold that there was no use in sending delegates east to buy bonds, and that there is no law to authorize the payment of the expenses of such delegates out of the county treasury. We think a mistake has been made in trying to rush this matter and still believe that a considerable sum of money might be saved for the county by waiting awhile for the holders of our bonds to discover that we are not going to take the first offers at any price, and that they must come down in their prices to value or they cannot sell to us. We believe that we can do better than to pay par and expenses for our 7 percent bonds.


Winfield Courier, March 3, 1881.

On last Tuesday, Feb. 25, there was a panic in Wall street, resulting from the opposition of the national banks to the funding bill and their attempts to coerce the government, and stocks declined largely, ranging from two to seventeen percent decline. Messrs. Robinson and Harden must have arrived in New York at a good time, for we suppose there must have been a pressure to sell our Cowley 7 percent bonds as well as other bonds. If they have chanced upon a time when they could buy at 95, it may not be so bad a scheme after all.


Winfield Courier, March 3, 1881.

                                      Bill Passed the House. Tom Ryan Ahead.

The Cherokee and Arkansas River railroad bill passed the House on the night of the 21st, under a suspension of the rules by the necessary two-thirds vote, but it was a tight squeeze. It went through, however, in good shape. It has yet to pass the Senate, but this will give it such an impetus that we think it will pass the Senate and become a law.

It grants the right of way to the Cherokee and Arkansas river railroad company through the Indian Territory from Arkansas City down the Arkansas river to Fort Smith. It provides for a right of way 200 feet wide with necessary land for depots, shops, switches, etc., to be obtained by methods in harmony with the existing treaties and regulations with the Indian tribes.

Work must commence within six months and must be completed within two years. The enterprise is for the purpose of extending the C. S. & F. S., or in fact, the Santa Fe road to intersect with the Arkansas system of roads and furnish this section of country with a southern and southeastern outlet. The importance of this road to Cowley county cannot be overestimated.

In fact, it will be of the greatest consequence to all the southern and southwestern counties and of great value to the whole State. It will open up an easy and near market for our wheat, corn, pork, and other products for higher prices in the south and will give us easy access to southern seaports and to Europe. At the same time it will reduce the cost of transporta­tion on our sugar, molasses, rice, coffee, and various other southern products which we have to buy. It will give us a new market nearer and better than the east and the west.

The credit of this is due to Hon. Thos. Ryan. It was his bill and he has put in more than two years of hard energetic work to secure its passage. He has met all kinds of opposition and hostility from the Gould and other railroad interests, and from various other sources; and it has needed all his tact, his personal popularity, energy, and perseverance, but in his bright lexicon, “there is no such word as fail.” The fight was a long and hard one and he has won the battle in the House and added another to his many laurels.


Winfield Courier, March 3, 1881.

It will not do to buy the Cowley County 7 percent bonds for more than par for the people will never believe the thing well managed if a higher rate is paid at present. If Coler & Co. have a temporary control of these bonds, as they claim, they may easily prvent the sale at less than 2-1/2 percent premium; but if the County refuses to pay it, the bonds will soon be out of their control and the holders will then sell for what they are worth. Even if they then should refuse to take par or less, there are the ten percents and the six percents to the amount of about $160,000 from which enough can be found to employ our funds and not stand a grab game. There is no need of a rush about it; give a little time for the holders of the different bonds to get anxious and we shall save money by it.


Winfield Courier, March 3, 1881.

The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad Company expected to make a connection with the Southern Pacific by the 1st of March, but, owing to the unusual inclemency of the weather and other obstacles encountered, the connection cannot be completed until about the 15th. The connection will be made at Rio Mimbres, a few miles west of Florida Pass. The point is sixty miles southwest from Fort Thorn, where the Santa Fe road leaves the Rio Grande, and some sixty-five miles northeast of El Paso.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 9, 1881.

The following is Senate concurrent resolution No. 17, by Mr. Hackney, as it passed the Senate:

WHEREAS, A bill incorporating the Cherokee and Arkansas Railroad Company, and giving that company the right to construct and operate a railroad from Arkansas City in Kansas through the Indian Territory to Fort Smith in Arkansas, has passed the lower house of Congress; and

WHEREAS, The commercial and industrial interests of this State demand that such line of railroad be constructed at once; therefore, be it

Resolved, By the Senate of Kansas, the House of Representa­tives concurring therein, that our Senators in Congress are requested to support said bill and use all honorable means to secure its passage.


Winfield Courier, March 10, 1881.

We get the following information from Col. M. L. Robinson, who, with Treasurer James Harden, returned from the east Monday night.

The prices paid for Cowley 7 percents, were $15,000 at par and $29,000 additional at par with 2 ½ percent commission to be paid if we keep the bonds, and with an option of the county to return this last $20,000 at any time within six months and receive the cash and accrued interest.

This gives the county a chance to buy $20,000 of other bonds at any time within six months in case they can be had at such rates that it would be a saving of money to return these on which we have the option.

The situation is that if the county, at the end of six months, decides to return the bonds and take par and accrued interest, it saves $700 interest for the six months; but if it concludes to keep the bonds, it must pay $500 commission, and in that case, it saves $200, net of interest over and above the commission, thus giving the county the vantage ground, all the option and six months to figure for better terms.

Before they left for New York, the best offer we had was $1.05. At that rate the $35,000 now bought would have cost us $36,750, but it has actually cost us only $35,000, a saving of $1,250.

There is still left of the proceeds of the stock $10,740 in cash in the hands of the county treasurer which will be used as fast as may be in buying any bonds which may be picked up at reasonable rates. At present it is impossible to buy more 7 percents at less than $1.05; but by watching for chances, it is thought the amount of $10,740 at less rates. Donnell, Lawson & Co., had $50,000 of our 6 percents for which they asked par but it would be a saving to the county to buy 7 percents at 5 percent premium rather than to pay more than 90 for 6 percents.

It appears that our 7 percents are straight 30 year bonds, while the vote which authorized the issue provided for 10-30s, that is, subject to call after ten years. This mistake in issuing would have proved quite serious had ten years run and were we now able to sell 5 percents at par, for by calling the 7 percents, we could save 2 percent per annum for 20 years or 40 percent, equal to $27,200.

We have not time now before going to press to find out whether the same mistake is true of our $128,600 of six percents. From the above we conclude that Messrs. Robinson and Harden have done well and fully justified the commissioners in sending them.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 16, 1881. Editorial Page.

                                                       THE PAYNE CASE.

Little Rock, Ark., March 9. The case of Capt. Payne, for alleged violation of the intercourse law in the Indian Territory, was begun before United States Judge Parker, at Fort Smith, yesterday, Judge Baker, of St. Louis, defending. Judge Parker defers his decision until May.


Winfield Courier, March 17, 1881.

While the 5-20 three percent, funding bill, requiring national banks to deposit only three percents for security of their circulation, was pending, after having passed the senate and before and after it passed the house, the national banks, for the purpose of raising a scare to defeat the bill made a rush to deposit greenbacks in the treasury to retire their own circula­tion. The amount thus deposited in a few days was about seven­teen millions of dollars.

Whatever effect this movement might have had on the action of President Hayes, he vetoed the bill; and then the banks wanted to withdraw their seventeen millions of green-backs and not retire their circulation. The question arose whether they could be permitted to do so and was discussed in a meeting of Garfield’s new cabinet, and it was decided that it should not be done; that if the banks wanted to increase their circulation again, the law provided a way and they must go through the whole formula again.

Now, as M. L. Robinson says, we do not understand finance as well as we do some other things, and do not know but the best thing for Hayes to do was to veto the bill; but we do not sympa­thize with the banks in their bulldozing efforts to scare the house and the president to defeat the bill, and we are glad that they got picked up at their game.

It would be a dangerous precedent to allow them to deposit millions of treasury notes for the purpose of affecting legisla­tion and then withdraw their funds as soon as the object was accomplished or defeated. Perhaps now that they find it is not so easy to get their money back, they will not be in so great a hurry to surrender their circulation and create a scare the next time.

Winfield Courier, March 17, 1881.

The track connecting the Santa Fe and K. C., L. & S. is almost finished.

Winfield Courier, March 17, 1881.

The Santa Fe company is building a “Y” in the junction of the Santa Fe and the K. C., L. & S. west of town. This is done so that trains may be run from one road to the other.

Winfield Courier, March 17, 1881.

The K. C., L. & S. railroad have put elegant reclining chair cars on their through trains, running from Wellington to Kansas City. We had the pleasure of riding in one of them from Elk Falls to Winfield last week. They are models of neatness and comfort and make the trip to Kansas City a pleasure rather than a bore, as it has heretofore been.

Winfield Courier, March 17, 1881.

The last sad remains of the Oklahoma boom were found frozen to death last week, near the late site of that ill-starred colony. All else but him had fled. It is likely that the “colony” will never more assemble, unless the lands are lawfully open to settlement.

Arkansas City Democrat.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 23, 1881. Front Page.


For seven months past well executed maps of Oklahoma, the prospective capital of the prospective territory of Oklahoma, have been posted in conspicuous places in various parts of the city. The site of the town was claimed by the Oklahoma coloniza­tion company, of which D. L. Payne is President, and other parties prominently connected with the recent invasion of the Indian Territory were officers.

A Globe Democrat reporter met an officer of the company, and, in a general conversation, asked him where the Oklahoma company expected to get its title to Oklahoma, as the company would have no more right to land embraced in the prospective limits of the town than any other settler, should the Territory be declared by the Government subject to settlement.

“That is fixed,” said the enthusiastic Oklahoman.

“How fixed?” asked the reporter.

“The railroads have assured us the land.”

Further conversation disclosed the fact that the officers of the colony have adopted a new scheme to obtain possession of the coveted land site. They claim that according to the construction placed upon a late decision of the Supreme Court, certain rail­roads will be allowed to construct their lines through the Indian Territory. One of the lines is to pass through the land laid out on the map for Oklahoma. The programme of the colony now is to follow the railroad to Oklahoma, build up the town, and then commence settlements along the line of the road on land claimed by the road. As a matter of information to the colonists, however, it might be stated that the railroad has not yet been constructed. Globe Democrat.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 23, 1881.

Payne’s trial at Fort Smith has taken place, and the pre­vailing belief in that vicinity is that the decision will be against him. Payne now tells a very different story regarding his attempted invasion of the Indian Territory, claiming that he did not know anything about the legality of his actions, but simply took the people there to test the matter.

Winfield Courier, March 24, 1881.

W. C. Garvey, station agent at the Santa Fe depot, has now on sale tickets to all principal points in California and Oregon, via the A., T. & S. F. and Southern Pacific. This new route to the “Golden Gate” was opened to the traveling public on Thursday inst., the 17th. Passengers with first and second class tickets are taken through to San Francisco in four and three-quarters days. There is also an emigrant train which makes the time in about eight days. The express train leaving Winfield at 3:55 p.m., makes connections at Newton, with only two changes for the whole distance, at the latter point and at Deming, where the Santa Fe makes connection with the Southern Pacific. This new route is destined to become immensely popular, and will prove a great convenience to parties in this vicinity who may wish to go to California or Oregon.


Winfield Courier, March 24, 1881.

The station here does more business than any other town on the K. C., L. & S., outside of Winfield. Mr. C. S. Jenkins has furnished us the following, showing the amount of business done since the first day of March, 1881, up to Thursday, the 17th. It is now in order for our neighboring towns to produce figures that will beat these or forever hold their peace.

Number pounds freight received: 121,275, forwarded, 13,275.

Amount of cash received: $380.50.

The citizens of Torrance shipped last Saturday a carload of rock to Kansas City, to be inspected by stone masons at that place; and if found saleable rock, we understand the railroad company has promised Torrance a side track, provided they will make to the railroad company a good bond as a guarantee that one hundred carloads of rock will be shipped from that point in one year from date of contract. They have worked hard for railroad accommo-dations, and if they succeed by fair means, no one has a right to complain.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 30, 1881.

                                                OUR STOCK AND BONDS.

The above is the title of a communication from “The Banshee” that appeared in last week’s Monitor, and which, if the true status of the recent sale of stock made by our county commission­ers is given, reflects very unfavorably upon our county clerk.

While we cannot vouch for the statements made, yet we would, but for want of space, publish it intact this week. This matter is one in which all are interested, and a summary of “Banshee’s” article will appear in our next, as well as any new feature that transpires in this matter.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 30, 1881.

In the last three weeks some ten men have left our city for Texas, with a view to pur-chasing cattle: James Henderson, A. M. Smythia, Jack Gilbert, Harry Genthner, Lincoln Small, the Fairclo brothers, Bill Henderson, and Messrs. Tyner and Pond.

Winfield Courier, March 31, 1881.

Gould will extend his LeRoy road to Winfield, where he will connect with his newly acquired air line to St. Louis. Of course, the repair shops will be located here also.

Winfield Courier, March 31, 1881.

In addition to the report that Gould has purchased the K. C., L. & S. railroad, comes the report that he has withdrawn his proposition from Chautauqua county. The proposition was to be voted on yesterday (Tuesday) and had every prospect of carry­ing. If he has withdrawn on the eve of a favorable election, it means something; and that something cannot be favorable to Winfield and Cowley county.

Winfield Courier, March 31, 1881.

A report is current that Jay Gould has purchased the K. C., L. & S. railroad. The report is not yet authenticated, but is believed to be true by most of the employees of the road. If this is a fact, our Arkansas City friends will look down their noses for some time to come. However, we will not kill the fatted calf until Jay tells us something about it himself.

Winfield Courier, March 31, 1881.

A special train passed through on the K. C., L. & S., Monday. It was made up of a dining car, two sleepers, and a reclining chair car, and contained General Manager Strong and President Coolidge of the Santa Fe, and General Manager Nettleton of the K. C., L. & S., with their families. They were out on an inspec­tion of the road.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, April 6, 1881.

                                                OUR STOCK AND BONDS.

The sale of our stock in the S. K. & W. R. R., sometime since, has resulted in quite a rumpus between the newspapers at the county seat, consequent upon alleged mistakes, or to say the least, in formalities committed by a certain county official. It is not our funeral, but if we read the signs of the times aright, the funeral knell to the hopes of some aspirants for county office in the future, have boomed loud and deep. In order that the TRAVELER’s readers may know what is transpiring in this matter, we insert the following from the Monitor, of March 26, 1881, which appeared over the signature of “BANSHEE,” and will sufficiently explain itself.

Editor Monitor: There seems to be a premeditated attempt on the part of the Courier, and those most interested in the success of certain county officers, to cover up the real delinquencies which jeopardized the sale of stock held by this county in the Southern Kansas & Western railroad. This attempt on the part of the Courier is two fold.

First, to vent its spleen against Read’s bank in the inter­est of McMullen, Fuller, Millington, and company.

Second, to shield Captain Hunt.

The Courier, blindly and in an unscrupulous spirit of hate toward M. L. Robinson, sought to attract the attention of the public from the real delinquent, Capt. Hunt, by attacking the county commissioners for sending James Harden and M. L. Robinson East to protect the interests of Cowley county.

It is true that in the first article in the Courier, in regard to this subject, they did not abuse the commissioners in express terms; but they published an editorial stating that it was reported on the street, and that great excitement existed among the people in consequence thereof, that the board of county commissioners had sent Messrs. Harden and Robinson East to perfect the sale of the stock held by the county in the Southern, Kansas & Western railroad, and that such statement was false, and that if they had gone East for such purpose, it was at their own expense and volition, and that the commissioners of Cowley county, being honorable men, would never be guilty of doing such a thing.

With a characteristic cheek which serves the senior editor of that paper so well in times of emergencies, he stated to a guileless public, if such order was made, it was with the under­standing that the committee would pay their own expenses as they had the right and were well able to do; when such editor well knew that the order was not only to send such committee East but also to pay their expenses.

Then the Monitor, true to the facts in defense of the action of the county commissioners, published the official order made by the board of county commissioners, attested by Captain Hunt, county clerk, showing that said committee not only went on order of the board, but also at the expense of Cowley county.

After the committee had returned from the successful trip, wherein they saved to the taxpayers of this county fifty-six thousand dollars, then it was the venerable old fossil of the Courier ate his own words, devoured his own offspring, turned tail on his former publication, and published to the world the action of the county commissioners and justified the same.

In this justification, every man in Cowley county, who is familiar with the facts, will heartily join. In order that the public may know the real status of the case, the writer of this article will state the facts. The people of the county by their votes ordered the commissioners to sell the stock, and they, in pursuance of such order, did sell such stock for sixty-eight cents, and Read’s bank gave to the county treasurer a certificate of deposit for the amount, for which they had Coler & Co.’s draft, and here is where the trouble began.

The county clerk in making out the papers showing the vote, and order of sale, failed to show affirmatively that the sale was legal. This may not have been his fault, for he is not a lawyer, neither has he had the necessary business experience to fill the position he holds, which is unfortunate for him and deplorable as regards the best interests of this county; but worse than all, instead of certifying the order of the board selling our stock in said railroad company, as he should have done, and as any ordi­narily careful clerk would have done, he made out the certifi­cate showing that we had sold our stock in the “Southern, Kansas & Fort Smith” railroad company.

These papers went East with the application for the transfer of the stock to Coler & Co., and, of course, were rejected on the ground that there was no such railroad as the “Southern, Kansas & Fort Smith,” and that the sale of the stock of the “Southern, Kansas & Fort Smith” railroad would not transfer the stock of the Southern, Kansas & Western railroad; hence, the rejection of Coler & Co.’s application, and having failed to obtain what they purchased, they threw back the stock upon the hands of Cowley county.

The time was up for the transfer of this stock, the South­ern, Kansas & Western railroad company had ceased to exist, and the stock held by Cowley county was utterly worthless. The contest for the control of the same on the part of Gould on one hand, and the Santa Fe on the other, which gave it its fictitious value, being ended by the success of the Santa Fe company, and the stock was of no further value.

At this juncture, M. L. Read’s bank, the wealthiest and largest tax-paying institution of the county, promptly took a hand to save the county; and M. L. Robinson, being one of the directors of the Cowley, Sumner & Fort Smith railroad, and being on intimate and friendly terms with the General Manager Strong, of the Santa Fe, went to Topeka and Kansas City, procured an order, delaying the closing of the books of the old Southern, Kansas & Western railroad company—now defunct—until the egre­gious blunder of our county clerk could be rectified.

Robinson came home, a meeting of the county commissioners was convened, and the necessary papers, under the advice of Judge McDonald, of Winfield, and Wallace Pratt, of Kansas City, were made out and the committee sent East, as heretofore stated, to save this county from great financial loss.

Instead of Mr. Robinson being abused in connection with this matter, he is entitled to the heart-felt thanks of all honest men in Cowley county; and but for the insane jealousy of the unfortu­nate occupants on the corner, they would be the first to accord the praise.

In conclusion, I have to state that I have no fight to make on Captain Hunt; I charge him with no criminal negligence, unless it be criminal negligence for a county official to be derelict in duty, either from want of knowledge or criminal carelessness. Certain it is that in this case, but for the prompt action by M. L. Robinson, the county would have absolutely lost fifty-six thousand dollars, as a direct result of Captain Hunt’s gross carelessness.

I have not been a supporter of Mr. Troup of late years; I, in common with many others, fell into the foolish notion that, because a man made a good officer, and held the office a long time, was no reason for his further retention; hence, I voted for Captain Hunt and against Troup, but I am forced to admit that Mr. Troup’s official record is without a blemish, and I, with others who thought as I did, regret the day that saw him step down and out. Certain it is, that the blunders now charged to the county commissioners, and which, if really chargeable at all, are chargeable to the inefficiency of the county clerk; and never would have happened had Mr. Troup retained his old position.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 6, 1881. Editorial Page.

At the meeting of stockmen held at Caldwell, in March last, the privilege of driving through Texas cattle west of the west line of the Nez Perce Agency, and in any direction to shipping points upon the strip of country lying north of that Agency and south of the State line, was accorded.

This action throws our entire State line on the south open to the drive of Texas stock, and as will be readily seen works a great injustice to all owning native stock in the vicinity of the Territory.

Had the “dead line” been placed ten miles south of the State line, with a drive limited to

one mile in width, and leading directly north to the various shipping points, this danger would to a great extent have been avoided.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 6, 1881.

Arkansas City is saved again. We congratulate our little sister that the construction of the Gould road which was to build along the state line three miles south of here has been abandoned. Gould has taken our advice and bought up the S. K. & W. R. R. He said, come to think about it, he could not afford to run around Winfield. Monitor.

Lucky you spoke, Joe, but seeing as how the world is going to end this year anyhow, it ain’t such a narrow escape after all. Thanks.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 6, 1881.

The cattlemen of the Territory have divided their several ranges into districts, and each district is under the immediate supervision of a captain, who will take entire charge thereof. This is a good move, and will materially aid in the rounding up and the tracing of stray cattle.

Winfield Courier, April 7, 1881.

Why don’t the Santa Fe give us a decent express car? Winfield sends out twice as much matter as the Caldwell branch, yet they luxuriate in a carved and painted car, while we have to put up with an improvised cattle car. Why is this thusly?

Arkansas City Traveler, April 13, 1881. Editorial Page.

                                               J. S. HUNT VS. “BANSHEE.”

The following explanation was sent to us with a request that we publish, and wishing that our readers should be able to judge advisedly in this matter, it will be found below.

                                             OFFICE OF COUNTY CLERK,

                                          WINFIELD, KAN., MAR. 29, 1881.

Editor Monitor: I have read the article over the signature of “Banshee” in last week’s issue of your paper, and will briefly reply, even though “Banshee’s” article seems to be devoid of honesty or courtesy, and to have been written with anything but a honorableness of purpose. I wish simply to say, without comment or discussion, that the interests of Cowley county have not been jeopardized to the value of a cent by any certificates that I have made. The certificate in question was not a county but a private matter, and did not affect the county in the sale of the stock. That sale had been consummated in all its details before the certificates were made; the contract of sale had been entered into; the stock had been delivered to Read’s bank for W. N. Coler & Co., in accordance with the contract, and the stock had been paid for by a certificate of deposit of that bank to the amount of $46,240, and which certificate the county treasurer held in his possession.

The county treasurer had receipted for the money to W. N. Coler & Co., which receipt was filed in this office according to law. The sale was not, and could not have been, made on my certificate.

The attorney of W. N. Coler & Co. was here; and all the records of the stock election, on the legality and correctness of which the validity of the sale of the stock alone depended, had been carefully examined by that attorney, together with the county attorney, and found to be legal and correct.

The certificate in question, together with three or four others, was made for the use of W. N. Coler & Co., and was made at the request and dictation of their attorney, for which he offered to pay me, and for which I charged him nothing. The certificates were made in the hurry of the departure of Coler’s agent and attorney on the train, and were not even proofread. In one of the certificates was a simple clerical error of one word, and this is the mole-hill out of which “Banshee” has, for obvious and disreputable reasons, made a seeming mountain.

I will not speak of the almost savageness of what can only be an attack, of the evident intention, and the double disgrace of its being under a nom de plume. The article should be its own condemnation.

                                                  J. S. HUNT, County Clerk.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 13, 1881.

M. L. Read and the banking concern, of which he is the head, has been the recipient of much taffy at the hands of “Banshee,” but feeling assured, upon further inquiry, that in this matter said correspondent was at fault, we give publicity to certain items from the Courier in reference thereto, which, we think, will enable our readers to judge intelligently. We have no feeling in this matter, more than to see that the general inter­ests of our county are well looked to and to give the news; having done which, we leave the case on its merits.

The items referred to above are as follows.

“The ponderous mass of taffy and soft soap with which “Banshee” deluges M. L. about his tremendous power and influence with W. B. Strong, the Santa Fe, and the bears and bulls of Wall street, about his overwhelming patriotism, illustrated by his superhuman efforts to save the county from a loss of fifty six thousand dollars, by first rushing to Topeka and then to New York, is wonderfully translucent. The county was in no danger of being swallowed up by the defaulting shark, Coler & Co. The county had no interest in the matter, and had no occasion to pay M. L.’s expenses to either place. It was Read’s bank that was in danger, and it was for that institution for which he exerted his wonderful powers, which was all right and praiseworthy.

“‘Banshee’ says that M. L. Read’s bank is the ‘wealthiest and largest tax-paying institution in the county.’ Read’s bank is indeed a very wealthy and large tax-paying institution, and ‘Banshee’ is so near the truth in this instance that we will only call it an error, and correct it by stating that the Winfield bank paid, in this county for the year 1880, some $300 more than Read’s bank, and that the former bank and McMullen and Fuller pay $626.25 more taxes than the latter bank with Read and the three Robinsons together. The total taxes of the Winfield bank and the two men is $2,371.08; that of Read’s bank and the four men is $1,744.45. This is a good showing for both and we repeat what we have often said, that Winfield has two of the solidest and soundest banks in Kansas.”

Arkansas City Traveler, April 13, 1881.

Tell Walton, founder of the Mulvane Herald, and an irre­pressible newspaper man, this week assumes the control of the Caldwell Post, having purchased the same of Mr. J. H. Sain.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 13, 1881.

                                            SHEEP SHEARING AND FAIR.

May 4th is the day appointed for a mass meeting to be held at Winfield of all those who are in any way interested in the question of raising and handling sheep. All the sheep owners in the county will be there, and it is expected that a fine collection of sheep will be on the ground, one of the features of the meeting being prizes to the owners of the best animals. Several shearing machines of different pat­terns will be on the ground and be publicly tested as to their efficiency.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 13, 1881.

The Caldwell Commercial is publishing a stock and brand book, containing the laws and rules of the Stock Association, of the Indian Territory; with cuts of all the brands, and the location of the cattle camps of the western part of the Indian Territory, and with the post office address of the owners.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 13, 1881.

The A. T. & S. F., last Monday, put a new passenger coach on the road between this city and Mulvane. It was much needed and will materially add to the pleasure, or rather, relieve the tediousness of traveling.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 20, 1881. Editorial Page.

                                                         THE ROUND UP.

It was decided by the convention of stockmen at Caldwell that the round up would commence on the first day of May, at Monfort Johnson’s ranch on the Canadian. The range was divided into six districts, the following account of which we take from the Commercial’s report.

District No. 1—

includes the country on the North and South Canadians. Tony Day, Captain.

District No. 2—

includes the range of the Kansas City company, Quinlan & Crawford, Greene & Co., Mahone, Stiff & Watkins. R. F. Crawford, captain.

District No. 3—

includes the range of Wilson & Zummerman, Snow, Hatfield, Wood, Hutton, McClellan, and Stewart, the coun­try east of Arkansas City and Chisholm trail road, and as far north as Red Rock. Thos. Hutton, captain.

District No. 4—

includes the range of Messrs. Malaley, Hamilton, Bennett, & Blair; Blair & Battin, Kincaid, B. F. Buzzard, colored; Manning, Rock & Sandborn; Stoller & Reese; Flitch, Birchfield, Warlo & Garland; Beard & Day; Raymond & Lewis; Cooper, and B. Campbell. H. H. Bennett, captain.

District No. 5—

includes the range of Messrs. Pryor, Miller, Drumm, Timberlake & Hall, Schlopp & Billenger, Jewell Bros., Streeter, Erwin Bros., Green & Preston, Blackstone and Campbell. A. Wilson, captain.

District No. 6—

includes the range at Elm Springs and that of Hunter & Evans. J. B. Doyle, captain.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 20, 1881. Editorial Page.

                                                GOULD’S KANSAS ROAD.

The Independence Tribune says “we have as yet no proof or reason to believe that the Gould road extensions in Kansas (three of them, and about 250 miles), have been abandoned, or that the Gould road has purchased the Kansas City, Lawrence & Southern railroad, west from Cherryvale, or that this corporation and the Santa Fe company have pooled, and the former drawn from this county. They are rumors, and only rumors so far.

“The postponement, we have reason to believe, is occasioned by the desire of the Gould management to outrival the Santa Fe company and reach certain points in Old Mexico first, and thereby obtain the franchises, which are very large. The contractors, who were to supply the steel rails, are six months behind in filling contracts. All the steel rail factories are running at their full capacity, and every ship from England brings over loads of rails, nevertheless the demand is now over the supply. Six days may change the market, and materials be plenty.”

Winfield Courier, April 21, 1881.

Quite a jolly party left on the A. T. & S. F. Tuesday afternoon on a pleasure trip to Topeka and Kansas City. The party was composed of Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. Charlie Bahntge, Mrs. Dr. Emerson, Mrs. A. T. Spotswood and children, and Miss Smith. They will be absent several days. M. L. will stop over in Topeka to attend the directors’ meeting of the A. T. & S. F. M. L. Robinson was selected by the commis­sion­ers to vote the Cowley county stock.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 27, 1881.

Hunnewell is now a city, the first election having been held on the 13th inst., resulting in the election of J. A. Hughes as Mayor, and a full complement of other municipal authorities.


Arkansas City Traveler, May 4, 1881.

                                                APPROACHING A CRISIS.

The situation in the Chickasaw Nation is approaching a crisis. The Indian agent at Muskogee has promulgated the following.

To whom it may concern:

In compliance with a command from B. F. Overton, that stock belonging to persons not citizens of the Chickasaw or Choctaw Nations be removed from the Chickasaw country, the Hon. Commis­sioner of Indian Affairs has issued the following instructions to this office.

“Notify cattle men that they must remove their stock from the Chickasaw country on or before the first day of June next, unless permitted to remain longer by the authorities of the Nation.          E. M. MARBLE,

                                     COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS.”

Parties interested will take notice, and govern themselves accordingly.

                                                              J. Q. TUFTS,

                                                          U. S. Indian Agent,

                                       Union Agency, Muskogee, Indian Territory.

April 8, 1881.

A squad of United States soldiers have been ordered from Fort Sill to proceed to the Nation to be used in the enforcement of Overton’s edicts. Caldwell Post.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 4, 1881.

Stockmen in this vicinity are talking up the holding of a meeting for the purpose of protecting native cattle from the Texas drive in the Territory. It is much needed.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 4, 1881.

The first work in the regular order on this spring’s “round ups”, in the Territory, commenced May 1st. Some preparations have been made to facilitate the work, and the boys will doubt­less have a high time during the present month.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 4, 1881.

Capt. C. M. Scott writes us from Red Fork Ranch, Indian Territory, under date of the 22nd ult., as follows. “Only one herd has come up the trail this spring, and that was eighty head of saddle ponies, for Hunter & Evans, on Eagle Chief creek. They drove from Fort Worth, Texas, on the grass without grain. The grass on Skeleton creek and Cimarron is four inches high, and some steers are beef fat.”


Arkansas City Traveler, May 4, 1881.

                                                     TERRITORY ITEMS.

The sale of condemned U. S. Cavalry horses, at Ft. Reno, Indian Territory, on Monday, April 25th, attracted a number of cattle men to the “Post,” and the stock was sold for actually more than it could have been sold for in Kansas. One old black horse, with its sides continually thumping, sold for $11, while the remaining ten had were bid in from $40 to $80.

Many improvements have been made at the “Post,” the most noticeable being the water works.

The ground is thoroughly soaked with water, and the buffalo wallows and water holes are all filled, enabling the cattle to range far out on the prairie.

The range on Skeleton creek is exceedingly fine, and some steers are beef fat already.

Fifty thousand head of cattle have left Texas for Kansas, and will “come up with the grass.”

The drive of horses from the Rio Grand river will commence early this season. Most of the animals are in poor condition.

The “round up” on the South Canadian was held at Manford Johnson’s, May 1st.

The Transporter, published by W. A. Eaton, at Cheyenne Agency, is becoming a valuable medium of advertising the brands of cattle men in the Indian Nation.

Winfield Courier, May 5, 1881.

Hackney & McDonald sold their 3,140 acres of Cherokee strip of land in Spring Creek township last Tuesday for $2.50 per acre, spot cash. It was purchased by Illinois bankers, who will probably hold it for speculative purposes. Messrs. Hackney & McDonald purchased the land over a year ago at Government sale for $1.00 per acre.

Winfield Courier, May 5, 1881.

Cowley county stock men are largely represented on Red Rock and Black Bear creeks in the Territory. Among the number are: Wiley, Eaton, Potter, Estus, Tribby, and Warren; while in other parts of the Territory are Houghton, Henderson, Nipp, Walker Bros., Berry Bros., Dean Bros., Shriver, and others.

Winfield Courier, May 5, 1881.

New Salem is situated ten miles northeast of Winfield on the K. C., L. & S. railroad, and consists of two grocery stores, a post-office, blacksmith shop, and several dwellings. There is a splendid opening for a store of general merchandise.


Winfield Courier, May 5, 1881.

J. J. Estus came up from Red Rock, Indian Territory, last week, and reports grass is coming up slowly, many cattle dying, especially cows and calves. After such a severe winter, they were in poor condition for such a cold backward spring and as a consequence cattle men will lose heavily. The round ups begin this week. SCHOOL BOY.


Arkansas City Traveler, May 11, 1881. Front Page.



WASHINGTON, April 25. The attention of the secretary of the interior was recently called to a circular issued by the Freedmen’s Oklahoma association, of St. Louis, J. Milton Turner, president, and Hannibal C. Carter, general manager.

The circular promised 160 acres of land to every freedman who would go and occupy the public lands of Oklahoma.

Secretary Kirkwood at once referred the circular to the commis­sioner of the general land office, who, in his report says there has never been a period of time since the acquisition by the United States of the territory ceded by France that any lands embraced within the limits of the present Indian Territory have been open to settle­ment or entry by any person whom-soever, under any said public land law.

In one of the Indian treaties, that with the Semi­noles, in March, 1866, about 2,100,000 acres of land were ceded to the United States to locate other Indians and freedmen thereon. The freedmen referred to, the commissioner states, were former slaves of Indian tribes. Miscellaneous emigration even by intended beneficiaries would be unauthorized and illegal.


Arkansas City Traveler, May 11, 1881. Editorial Page.

The time is not far distant when the question of brands will be forcibly brought to the notice of the stockmen holding cattle and horses in the Territory south of us. The same brands are in several instances used by different men, unknowingly, it is true, but it nevertheless results in vexatious losses and troubles, which could be avoided by the adoption of a brand, and the publication of the same in some journal having a general circula­tion among cattle men. There is no law providing for the regis­tration of brands in the Territory, so the necessary steps toward this end must be taken by themselves.


Arkansas City Traveler, May 11, 1881. Editorial Page.

                                                       ANTHONY WEEPS.

The Santa Fe company, last Sunday, had all its available forces to work tearing up the road west of Wellington, known as the Anthony extension; and in a very short time, the whole of the railroad portable property, in the way of iron, ties, etc., was removed from that section of Kansas. The Wellington people are much excited over this proceeding.


Arkansas City Traveler, May 11, 1881. Editorial Page.

                                                           DRIVEN OUT.

Parsons, Kansas, May 7. Word has reached here that the surveyors on the Muskogee & Ft. Smith branch of the Missouri Pacific have been driven off by the Cherokees. Assistant Kelso, of this city, upon the order of General Manager Talmage, left last night for the scene of the difficulty. The Indians are reported as determined. It is not doubted that the Missouri Pacific folks will assert their right to build the road. The later rains have greatly benefited the crops which were never better in this section. Wheat is immense.

Parsons, Kansas, May 7. Judge Kelso, assistant attorney of the Missouri Pacific railroad, has returned from the Indian Territory, having just had an interview with the Cherokees concerning the building of the Muskogee & Ft. Smith Branch. He asks that the preliminary survey might be made, leaving the question of building the road to be determined in the future. Chief Bushyhead, of the Cherokees, said he would take the matter under advisement and answer next week.


Arkansas City Traveler, May 11, 1881. Editorial Page.

                                                          PAYNE (FULL.)

Fort Smith, Ark., May 3. Judge Parker, of the United States district court, has rendered a judgment for the government in the suit of the United States vs. David C. Payne, charged with unlawfully invading the Indian Territory. The penalty under the statutes is $1,000. Six other cases of the same nature were decided in favor of the government.


Arkansas City Traveler, May 11, 1881. Editorial Page.

                                    OKLAHOMA AND TERRITORY NEWS.

There is not a solitary occupant on the townsite of Oklahoma. A detachment of U. S. soldiers and Indian scouts are camped about five miles above the site, waiting for some one to come, when they will be escorted to the Texas line and turned loose. If they come from Texas, they will be escorted to Kansas, and released; the object being, to have them to see all of the Territory they desire. The trail from Arkansas City is very good and very plain, with crossings on Red Rock, Black Bear, and other creeks. After crossing the Cimarron river, the trail is divided into a hundred or more wagon roads, evidently to prevent the authorities from discovering their whereabouts. The country is beautiful, but the location of the townsite dreary, as it is located in a valley, or draw, with scattering jack oaks all about. One mile further south, or about six miles south of the North Canadian river, on a high, prominent prairie mound, would have made a much prettier location.

Oklahoma—“Home of the Red Man,” is just 150 miles from Arkansas City. By going four miles south, 24 miles west, and 108 miles due south, you reach the desired spot, but the deviations on the road makes it foot up 150 miles, or six days drive with a team. The only Indians seen on the route are the Nez Perces, and some Otoes, camped on the Cimarron, until you are greeted by the Cheyenne scouts, who will be glad to meet you, and even care for you.

Some Otoe Indians hunting on the Cimarron river cut down a tree with an eagle’s nest on it, and caught five of the young birds.

The recent rains extended through the Territory, as far as 150 miles south. None of the large streams were impassible up to the fifth of this month, but the Cimarron river was rising rapidly.

Thomas E. Berry has been reappointed Indian trader at Pawnee Agency, for another year. The appointment is a good one, and will be satisfactory to both the whites and Indians.

                                                               C. M. Scott.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 11, 1881.

Hackney and McDonald will test the case of whether the county can tax cattle in the Territory, belonging to citizens of Kansas, when they pay a tax where the cattle are. Mr. Wiley & Libby, on Red Rock creek, Indian Territory, bring the suit.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 11, 1881.

                                                         THE ROUND UP.

All cattle below Salt Fork will be rounded up and cut out by the 15th of this month. Owing to the number of cattle on the range, it will require more time to do the work this year than it did last, but it is expected the round-ups will be completed by the first of June.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 11, 1881.

Messrs. Hackney & McDonald recently sold to Mr. Alex Fuller, acting as agent for Illinois parties, their tract of Cherokee land, in the southern part of the county, being 3,154 acres, for which they received $2.50 per acre cash. The purchasers propose to buy more land in the same neighborhood, fence and stock it with short horned cattle.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 11, 1881.

The keeping of stock in the Indian Territory has, of late years, assumed quite considerable importance as a business, many of our best citizens being engaged therein. Among the Cowley County men now holding stock in the Territory, we may mention the following: On Red Rock and Black Bear creeks are Messrs. Eaton, Potter, Estus, Libby, Wiley, and Warren; while in other parts of the Territory are Houghton, Henderson, Nipp, Walker Bros., Berry Bros., Dean Bros., Shriver, and others.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 11, 1881.

                                           TO STOCK AND CATTLE MEN.

The attention of all parties holding or interested in the stock interests of this section is called to the fact that a meeting of the prominent stockmen of this vicinity will be held on Saturday in the Benedict building, May 21, 1881, for the purpose of taking steps to protect them­selves from the Texas drive (the coming season), by the location of a dead line, etc.

Winfield Courier, May 12, 1881.

Some of our friends would believe as long ago as last summer that Dave Payne had been tried in the U. S. court at Fort Smith for trespassing on the Indian lands and acquitted. We informed them that such was not the case, but that he was awaiting his trial. That trial has recently taken place and he was found guilty and fined one thousand dollars and costs. Several other trespassers were found guilty.

Thus dies the Oklahoma boom just as all sensible persons were sure it would end. We do not think that Payne is very badly beaten. He and his clique probably made a good thing off the stupid fellows who were green enough to pay two dollars each for membership dues and those more stupid chaps who paid $25.00 each for a share in the Oklahoma town company.


Winfield Courier, May 12, 1881.

For several days railroad officials in and around Wellington have been very active, and the people of Anthony, in Harper county, were led to believe that this activity meant the exten­sion of the Wellington branch to that place. The Santa Fe company on Saturday congregated about 1,500 of their workmen at Wellington. The force were under secret orders not to be opened till noon Saturday. At that time the men were ordered to begin taking up the track from the Harper line to Wellington as fast as possible, and remove the ties, rails, etc., to the main line. This work was completed Sunday evening, and nothing was left of the fourteen miles of Harper county railroad but the dirt road­bed. It is probable that the secrecy and haste in which the work was done was to avoid injunctions or legal process to restrain them from so doing. The Wellington and Harper county people are greatly excited over the matter. Some efforts were made to stop the destruction of the track, but without effect. This will be almost a death-blow to Anthony.

Winfield Courier, May 12, 1881. The first work in the regular order on the spring’s “round ups” in the Territory, commenced May 1st. Some preparations have been made to facilitate the work, and the boys will doubtless have a high time during the present month.

Winfield Courier, May 12, 1881. The sale of condemned U. S. cavalry horses, at Fort Reno, Indian Territory, on Monday, April 25th, attracted a number of cattle men to the “Post,” and the stock was sold for actually more than it could have been sold for in Kansas. One old black horse, with its sides contin-ually thumping, sold for $11, while the remaining ten head were bid in from $40 to $80.

Winfield Courier, May 12, 1881. Capt. C. M. Scott writes us from Red Rock Ranch, Indian Territory, under date of the 22nd. ult., as follows: “Only one herd has come up this spring, and that was eighty head of saddle ponies, for Hunter & Evans, on Eagle Chief creek. They drove from Fort Worth, Texas, on the grass without grain. The grass on Skeleton creek and Cimarron is four inches high, and some steers are beef fat.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 18, 1881.

The gross earnings of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad for the past year were $8,556,975.

The Denver and Rio Grande road is laying a third rail from Denver to Pueblo to admit Santa Fe cars.

An official of the Denver and Rio Grande road announces that his company will import ten thousand French laborers, and a corps of engineers, to work on the extension.


Arkansas City Traveler, May 18, 1881.

                                                         TO STOCKMEN.

It will be noticed that in another column mention is made of a meeting to be held by the prominent stockholders of this vicinity at the Canal office in this city next Saturday at 2 p.m. All interested in this business are requested to attend, and give the matter of protecting their herds from the contamination consequent upon the driving of Texas cattle promiscuously over the range occupied by domestic stock due attention.

Action on this matter is rendered necessary by the declara­tion of the stockmen’s convention, held at Caldwell, that “through Texas cattle could be driven anywhere west of the Nez Perce Agency, and anywhere along the State line north of that reservation.” This, as will readily be seen, works a great hardship upon men holding domestic graded stock in the Territory; in fact, virtually renders it impossible, no man being willing to run the risks of infection from the through cattle.

It is talked of locating the dead line west of the Nez Perce reservation, and north to the State line, but whether this would best subserve the varied interests of this vicinity, it is hard to determine; yet everyone admits that something must be done, and, to this end and purpose, the meeting alluded to above was called.

This will give all interested an opportunity to attend and help in the manner tht seems best for the mutual interests involved.


Arkansas City Traveler, May 18, 1881. Editorial Page.

                                               TROUBLE IN THE NATION.

New Orleans, May 14. The Democrat’s Little Rock special says Gov. Overton, of the Chickasaw Nation, has gathered together an army of 300 men, and has issued orders to the effect that Texas cattle raisers, and white men generally, must leave the country before June 1st, or force will be used. A similar situation prevails in the Choctaw Nation. Gov. McCurtin has instructed the sheriffs to immediately organize and arm a militia company to assist in driving out the whites.

The trouble in the Chickasaw Nation is said to have grown out of the refusal of Texans to pay more than twelve and a half cents per head for grazing cattle therein, Gov. Overton demanding twenty-five cents per head.

In the Choctaw Nation the trouble is chiefly in regard to the law allowing white men to live in that country, the Indians holding that nearly all the white population are there without proper authority.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 18, 1881.

Carbolic sheep dip will cure Texas itch on horses.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 18, 1881.

The following table was handed to us with a request to publish. It is claimed to be a correct copy from the books of the County Clerk, and will explain itself.

Railroad valuation, in Cowley County, Kansas, as appears from the records, of the County Clerk, of said county, is $357,895.31.

State tax on same: $1,938.38.

County tax on same: $3,578.89.

County Bond on same: $447.37.

Rail Road: $2,505.23.

Township: $926.30.

Arkansas City: $66.58.

School, and School bond tax: $3,854.41.

TOTAL TAX ON SAME: $13,417.16.

The levy to pay interest, on R. R. bonds, is 7 mills—and the total amount of tax raised, by said levy, is $20,520.05.

                                             Winfield, Kansas, March 1st, 1881.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 18, 1881.

                                           TO STOCK AND CATTLE MEN.

The attention of all parties holding or interested in the stock interests of this section is called to the fact that a meeting of the prominent stockmen, of this vicinity, will be held on Saturday at the canal office at 2 p.m., May 21, 1881, for the purpose of taking steps to protect themselves from the Texas drive (the coming season), by the location of a dead line, etc. etc.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 18, 1881.

Estimated drive of cattle from Northwestern Texas this season, 253,000. Cattle are scarce and very high; they are in fair flesh, yet thinner than most people supposed they would be, owing to the continual wet weather which rotted a great deal of grass.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 18, 1881.

With regard to the contemplated extension of the Santa Fe railroad, from El Dorado to Winfield, the Press says, under date of the 12th inst.:

“Rails and other building material in large quantities have been shipped in, and a large force is now engaged in unloading this material. Grading has not commenced, but is liable to very soon.”

Winfield Courier, May 19, 1881.

Messrs. Kirby & Libby, of Red Rock creek, Indian Territory, bring a suit to determine whether citizens of Kansas are obliged to pay a tax on cattle that are kept in the Territory. The case is in the hands of Hackney & McDonald, and the decision will be looked for with great interest by the people of border counties. The present interests are immense and will grow greater each year. Monitor.

Winfield Courier, May 26, 1881.

Winfield is shipping beef cattle to Denver.


Winfield Courier, May 26, 1881.

Before the Santa Fe railroad was opened up to Colorado and New Mexico, every spring our farmers were compelled to sell eggs at four or five cents a dozen, butter at seven or eight cents a pound, and chickens, lettuce, radishes, rhubarb, peas, potatoes, and other kinds of garden vegetables for almost nothing, and take pay in groceries at much higher prices than are asked now, because they could not get one cent of cash for their produce. Now mark the difference.

All fresh butter that is brought into Winfield finds a ready market at not less than 12-1/2 cents cash, eggs not less than 8-1/2 cents per dozen. Chickens, $2.60 per dozen; peas in pod, $1.75 per bushel, turkeys, dressed poultry, rhubarb, gooseberries, strawberries, onions, potatoes, radishes, lettuce, and other vegetables find ready market at high prices, and a large amount of money is being distributed among the farmers for truck that was formerly comparatively valueless.

A single firm in the city, Snyder & Spotswood, have shipped to Colorado and New Mexico within the last two months, 24,275 dozen eggs. 7,043 pounds of fresh butter, 250 dozen chickens, and quantities of all the other kinds of produce above mentioned.

J. P. Baden & Co., have shipped similar amounts, and others have shipped more or less.

During the summer large quantities of peaches, melons, cherries, grapes, blackberries, etc., will be shipped.

The Santa Fe railroad has created this market for us besides making a new and valuable market for hundreds of carloads of flour, corn, bacon, lard, and hay. This road is the principal factor in making Cowley and other counties rich and independent. It is a nice thing to have money coming in all the year round for all these things for which our county is so peculiarly adapted.

It is in some quarters the style to grumble at this road, to want to “kill the goose that lays these golden eggs,” but when we consider the value of this road to us, the liberality with which it deals with us, the obliging spirit it manifests, the courteous treatment we always receive at the hands of all its officers and employees and the grandeur of its enterprise and its achieve­ments, we feel that we cannot give this corporation with a soul, too much praise.


Winfield Courier, May 26, 1881.

Last Tuesday we noticed four drays loaded down with express matter, wending their way toward the depot, and concluded that it would be a good idea to find out how much produce our merchants were sending out. We forthwith proceeded to gather the facts, and learned enough to astonish even a newspaper reporter.

Messrs. Snyder and Spotswood were first visited. They reported the following shipments, with as much more on hand and not shipped, because of lack of express facilities: 600 dozen eggs, 621 pounds of butter, eight dozen chickens, and 100 pounds of vegetables.

J. P. Baden was next interviewed. He reported shipment of 1,750 pounds of butter, 1,200 dozen eggs, 24 dozen chickens, and 40 baskets of vegetables. While talking with Mr. Baden he remarked that he had paid out, on Monday, over eight hundred dollars for butter and eggs alone. We were inclined to scoff at this assertion, until Mr. Baden brought out his books and showed us stubs in his check book for $761.38 cash paid out, and charges for over $100 in goods. We count this a pretty good day’s work. The total amount of eggs shipped Tuesday was 1,800 dozen, for which our farmers received $180. The total number of pounds of butter was 2,371, worth $308; thirty dozen chickens, worth $75, and eighty baskets of vegetables, worth $50. Total cash value of shipments, $613, and this was only an average day for butter and eggs.

Winfield Courier, May 26, 1881.

Messrs. M. L. Read, S. C. Smith, Captain Lowry, and M. L. Robinson have purchased the grove west of town, known as Lowry’s Grove, and will improve and throw it open for the benefit of the public as a park.


Arkansas City Traveler, June 1, 1881.

                                                         THE ROUND-UP.

Messrs. M. H. Bennett and Marion Blair came in from the round-up in the Territory last Saturday.

The general round-up was commenced on the North Fork of the Canadian, about twenty-five miles east of the Cheyenne Agency, and then worked up to Cantonment, one party working on west of Cantonment and the other swinging over north onto the Cimaron, where they will camp until the other party works up the upper Canadian country, then they will all work down the Canadian, cross over to the Red Rock country, work that up, and return to the Salt Fork and west to the Medicine country. The boys only found about 1,500 cattle south of the Canadian. The cattle are doing finely and are strong enough to stand the racket in good shape. Saddle horses and men are feeling as gay as a Vassar girl on commencement day. Very few dead cattle were found—less than was expected by the most sanguine.

The method obtained by the captains is to gather about three or four thousand head together, then divide them into five bunches, then each district take a bunch, cut out all brands belonging to that district, then exchange with some other dis­trict, and go through it in the same way, until each party has gone through the different bunches of cattle, thereby getting all the cattle that belong to each district together.

Mr. Bennett thinks it will take to the first or fifteenth of August to complete the work before them.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 1, 1881.

Maj. D. W. Lipe, treasurer of the Cherokee Nation, attended the stock meeting, at this place, last Saturday.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 1, 1881.

Dr. H. J. Minthorn, of Ponca Agency, was in town yesterday with his wife and family. Mrs. Minthorn and children left on the afternoon train for Iowa, where they will spend the summer months.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 1, 1881.

The meeting of stockmen, called for last Saturday, met at 2:30 p.m. in the canal office, and organized by electing Dr. J. T. Shepard chairman of the meeting and Dr. S. F. Curry, of Bitter creek, secretary. Owing to the press of business conse­quent upon the round ups now going on in the Territory, the meeting was not as largely attended as could be desired, yet considerable business matters were talked over, and a committee, consisting of Messrs. J. C. Withers, S. J. Rice, and Dr. Z. Carlisle were appointed to confer with the Texas cattle men upon the matter in hand. Their report will be submitted at the next meeting. The meeting then adjourned to meet at the same time and place on Saturday, June 11th, 1881.


Winfield Courier, June 2, 1881.

Railroad valuation in Cowley County, Kansas, as appears from the records of the County Clerk, of said county, is $357,895.31.

State tax on same:                           $ 1,938.38

County tax on same:                                   $ 3,578.89

County bond on same:                                $    447.87

Railroad Bond on same:                              $ 2,505.23

Township tax on same:                                $    926.30

Arkansas City tax on same:             $      66.58

School, and school bond tax:                      $ 3,854.41


Total tax on same:                                 $13,417.16

The levy to pay interest, on R. R. bonds, is 7 mills: and the total amount of tax raised by said levy, is $20,502.05.

We take the above statement from the Traveler. When you take the above showing $20,502.05 as paid by the people in bond tax for R. R., and $13,417.16 paid by the R. R. in tax, you find the balance as paid by the people to be $7,102.89 in excess of what the R. R. pays in. There have been statements going the round of the press and among the people, that the R. R. was paying more into the county treasury than the people were paying out in interest on R. R. bonds. If the above showing is correct, the people need enlightenment. If not correct, who can rectify it? Arkansas City Democrat.

We can throw a little light upon that subject. The interest for one year on the $128,000 of Cowley, Sumner and Fort Smith indebtedness of this county amounted to $7,680, and one year interest on the $68,000 of Southern Kansas and Western $4,760. Total railroad bond interest: $12,440. Last year the county commissioners made a levy for a year and an additional half year to pay the interest up to July 1, 1881, which required $6,220 more and a total of $18,000 to pay the interest for the year and a half.

The 7 mills, if all collected, would raise $1,842 more than was needed, but that allowance was made for possible failures to collect. It turns out that $35,000 of the 7 percent, S. K. & W. bonds were taken up and interest stopped thereon four months before July 1, 1881, which saves the county in interest covered by last year’s assessment: $816.33.

The levy this year will be for only one year’s interest, and the total amount of interest and the total amount of interest for the year will not exceed $10,398.33, while the total assess­ment will probably reach $3,100,000.

A levy of 3-1/2 mills, or half as much as last year’s levy, will produce $10,950 or $550 more than is needed, if all should be collected.

If we add to this the $816, saved by stopping interest under last year’s assess­ment and a probable collection of at least one half of the allowance of $1,842, to help on the year ending July 1, 1882, a levy of 3 mills this year will pay the railroad bond interest up to that time and give a margin of $789.00 for failure to collect the tax.

We must bear in mind that there is no failure to collect any part of the tax on the railroads and no part of the allowance for non-collection is on their account.

The actual amount of taxes they pay on their property in this county is $13,417.16 and the total interest paid on railroad bonds for the current year is $11,623.67. They paid taxes on this property $1,798.49 in excess of what the county pays in interest on the railroad bonds.

Of this tax $1,988.38 is state tax and benefits this county only as it does the balance of the state, say about $145.00, which added to the balance of the tax, $11,478.78, will make the amount of the taxes paid by the railroads, which goes entirely to the benefit of this county, fully equal to the interest the county pays on its railroad bonds for the same time.

In the coming years the yearly interest will not exceed $9,290.00, though we should continue to hold our C. S. & F. S. stock, and though the rate of taxation should be reduced, the railroads will pay taxes for the benefit of the county yearly more money than that sum.

Should we sell our C. S. & S. F. stock anytime within the first ten years of the run of the bonds at not less than 40 cents on the dollar, and apply the proceeds and the interest saved thereby to the sinking of the debt, principal and interest will not have cost our county one cent. We shall have had all the benefits of two railroads which have made us ready markets for our produce at one fourth of our former cost of getting to market, all for a temporary loan of the credit of the county without the expense of a nickel.

We say this much because we have heard grumbling in some parts of the county because of the bond tax and because the COURIER urged people to vote for the bonds. We said then that the railroads would pay in taxes nearly as much as the county would pay in interest; and we are highly gratified by being able to show that our predictions are more than realized.

Winfield Courier, June 2, 1881.

The K. C. Journal in speaking of the egg market of this section says: “Winfield and Wichita hens are having a contest as to which barn yard society can produce the most eggs for the market. At present the score stands, Winfield hens, 48,360 dozen; Wichita hens, 20,640 dozen.

Winfield Courier, June 2, 1881.

Long trains of Texas cattle are being pulled over the East and West Road, from Hunnewell this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 8, 1881.

The recent contracts for Indian supplies, awarded to citi­zens of this town, has resulted in the A. T. & S. F. Company’s putting up additional warehouses for the storing of goods at their depot.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 8, 1881.

N. J. Smith, principal Chief of the North Carolina Chero­kees, has been notified that the Government of the United States has made arrangements with the Southern & Ohio and Mississippi R. R. to transport such of the North Carolina Cherokees as desire to emigrate to the Indian Territory from London, Tennessee, to Muscogee, Indian Territory, and Chief Smith has been directed by the Department of the Interior to proceed to London, Tennessee, and ascertain that those emigrating as Indians are actually such.

The United States Indian Agent at Muscogee, Hon. J. Q. Tufts, has been notified of the arrangement made for transporta­tion, etc., and has been directed to ascertain how many adults and children arrive at Muscogee as emigrating North Carolina Cherokees. The Agent at Muscogee will be notified of the depar­ture from London and arrival at Vinita. Cherokee Advocate.


Winfield Courier, June 9, 1881.

Last Wednesday evening Mr. Adin Post, of Pleasant Valley township, had his team stolen. Thursday morning the captain of the Stock Protective Association of that township was notified of the fact and in a short time sixteen well mounted men were on the trail. The party was divided up, taking different roads. On Friday the party which took the Wichita road captured the thief near El Paso. He had an extra horse, which was afterward found to have been stolen from W. S. Marshall Marks, of the Territory. The thief gave his name as James Jackson. Messrs. J. L. Hon, Burt Eastman, Jerry Smith, and Mirian Croak were the parties who captured him. This is the second time the Pleasant Valley Stock Protective Union has caught their man. Horse thieves will give that neighborhood a wide berth.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 15, 1881.

W. B. Strong & Son went up the Santa Fe Sunday evening, taking with them their outfit and the last vestige of the Wel­lington & Western railroad. Peace to its ashes.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 15, 1881.

Twenty-five herds of horses and cattle have gone up the trail this summer for points in Colorado, Kansas, and Nebraska. The largest herd of cattle was King’s—2,700—and the largest herd of horses was Jenson’s—640. In all 13,500 cattle and 1,750 horses have gone north. Most of the above go to Caldwell.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 15, 1881.

Mr. John W. Ledlie, late of Winfield, called on us last Thursday on his way to the county seat. He had just returned from Texas, where he has been purchasing stock which he is now holding south of here. He reports having made a successful trip; stock being found cheap and in good order, and the weather being favorable, the drive was made without any loss or damage to speak of.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 15, 1881.

L. W. Marks, U. S. Deputy Marshal, and Ed. Mathews passed through the city last Thursday with John Anderson, a Territory cattle man, in charge, whom they were taking to Fort Smith. The trouble arose about some cattle killed by the Indians last year, in which transaction Anderson in some way is said to have been connected.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 15, 1881.

The man who recently escaped from Deputy U. S. Marshal Marks, in the Territory, and afterwards stole a team of horses from A. Post, in this county, will be tried in the State, by which arrangement he will receive, if found guilty, a much more severe punishment than if he were taken to Fort Smith on the charges made against him in the Territory. Satisfactory arrangements were made as to the payment of the reward offered for his arrest.


Arkansas City Traveler, June 15, 1881.

                                                 FROM THE TERRITORY.

Three horse herds have passed up the trail within the past few days. One herd for Dodge City, of four hundred head, and two herds for Caldwell, of four hundred and two hundred and twenty each.

The round-up parties are on Black Bear, having completed the counting south of that creek.

The rivers have all lowered down to their usual low water mark, and travel is not impeded.

Flies and mosquitoes are fearful, and more numerous than ever before at this season of the year.

Only three herds of cattle have as yet passed up the trail, but a number are on the way.

James Hamilton came very near being drowned while crossing one of the rivers below here. He was in a “buckboard” and the harness needed fixing, and he got out to attend to it, when his horse struck him on the head with its fore feet, knocking him senseless. He floated down the stream some distance before he was rescued by some friends who had remained on the bank.

Many cattle men have changed their camps; leaving their “dug-outs” and tenting on higher grounds. LONE STAR.


Arkansas City Traveler, June 22, 1881. Editorial Page.


                                   POLITICAL MURDERS IN THE NATION.

Little Rock, Ark., June 13. Chief L. W. Bushyhead, of the Cherokee Nation, has issued a proclamation for a general election August 1st. Forty members of the national council, together with judge, solicitor, sheriff, and clerk from each district are to be chosen. Two factions, one styling itself the Union party, the other the National party, have tickets in the field, and the canvass is conducted with great bitterness. Several murders are reported and others anticipated. The most brutal of these was that of D. B. Adair, who was canvassing Flint district as a candidate for solicitor, and who, meeting three Indians upon the highway, chatted for awhile with them and complied with their request to take a drink. When in the act of raising the flask of liquor to his lips, one of the party shot him, the ball entering his side and ranging upward to the heart. Adair fell dead on the roadside without uttering a word. The Indians fastened the dead body to Adair’s horse, turned it loose, and the animal carried the ghastly burden to the dead man’s wife and children. It is claimed that friends of the opposing candidate instigated the murder.

The rumor that the independent candidate for sheriff in the same district had been assassinated is denied, a telegram from Fort Smith announcing his safety having been received this morning.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 22, 1881.

Quite a herd of ponies from Texas were brought to town last week, and held for sale at the Stanton Bros.’ Stable. The prices asked were very reasonable, and the animals being a little above the average, a number of sales were effected.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 22, 1881.

R. A. Houghton returned from the Territory last Thursday, where he has been for some time attending to the rounding up of his stock. He reports quite a rushing time, but so far has not recovered his full number by some forty head. These, however, he thinks will turn up shortly.


Winfield Courier, June 23, 1881, and June 30, 1881.

ED. COURIER: It is now customary, I believe, when a party makes a trip anywhere, especially to the Indian Territory, for someone of the number to furnish an account of the same to the newspapers. As one of a squad of nine, who recently made a pilgrimage to the land of the Kaw, I will try to inform your readers of some of the matters and things connected therewith.

The party consisted of F. S. Jennings, Judge Tom Soward, W. R. Stivers, J. H. Albro, Will Whitney, L. H. Webb, E. P. Greer, James Kelly, and last but by no means least, Sol Burkhalter. The latter gentleman furnished the rigs and was of course wagon-master.

Grouse Creek was reached by noon of the first day, said day being, curiously enough, Thursday, June 9th, 1881, which should have been mentioned sooner.

Here a halt was called for dinner, and here also the verdancy of the party began to crop out. The temporary camp was made in a dense jungle on the lee side of a hill with a perpen­dicular front some twenty or thirty feet high. Underbrush, weeds, nettles, vines: pooh [?], but wasn’t it hot! Not a breath of air stirred a leaf in that miserable forest. Yes, it was hot, and some of us thought that spot would compare favorably with a modified hades according to the new version. But we had the shade.

While some of us built a fire and got dinner, Mr. Jennings, Judge Soward, and Will Stivers went in quest of game. Soon word was sent to send another gun and more ammunition, which request being speedily complied with, such a roar of musketing opened out as I’ll wager, the waters of the Grouse had not heard for many a day. Presently the mighty nimrods returned.

“Where’s your game?” chorused we of the bread and butter stay-at-home brigade.

“It crumbled in a hole,” mourned the Judge, “but I think it’s certainly wounded.”

“By the bones of my grandfather,” howled Webb (he never swears), “if those three big stout men with two double barreled shotguns and a rifle, haven’t been banging away at a poor little squirrel.

After dinner the company was formally organized by electing Jim Kelly to the office of         . Brother Greer made the point that this being a civil company, the title should be “president.” This however was promptly rejected. “What?” said the Judge  “Suppose we have trouble with the redskins, which is more than likely, how would it sound to say our President marched us up the hill and then marched us down again. I move it be Captain.” But here the beneficiary declared that would be no miserable captain and unless he be at once made Colonel, he would resign and leave the company to its fate. This settled it and the train moved out after dinner in the following order.

1. The elegant three-seated barouche containing the colo­nel, the major, the judge, Dr. Webb, Sergeant Whitney, and wagon-master Burkhalter, followed by the baggage wagon in which on the seat were Captain Albro and Chaplain Greer, with Will Stivers behind to look after things generally. Brother Greer drove the team, that is he drove it to the foot of the first hill, when the team stopped and would not be driven any further. We all got round the wagon, however, and pushed it up the hill notwithstand­ing the remonstrance of the team.

This Grouse Creek, I verily believe, is enchanted, or at least this company was, for all at once we couldn’t agree as to which side of the stream we were on. Of course, it made no difference, only it depended on a proper solution of this con­founding mystery whether we were going up or down, towards or away from the Territory. Finally we came to a standstill and waited for two gentlemen who were plowing in a field to come to the end of their rows, which were headed off by the road, or more properly cow-path, we were then on. But our consternation was only increased when on inquiring, we found those gentlemen seemed to be as much at a loss as we were ourselves. One said we were on this side of the Grouse and would have to cross over to arrive at our destination; the other said as he had been in the country but a short time and was, unfortunately, from Missouri, really knew nothing about it. Just here a bright intelligent looking girl with a hoe in her hand, cut the miserable knot, not with the hoe, however. She explained by saying that dame nature had, right there, succeeded in reversing the old order, and made the bed so crooked that for a full half mile the water actually ran up stream. But I think if we could have told these good people where we wanted to go lucidly and plainly, they could have told us how to get there. But we couldn’t.        (To be Continued.)

That Trip to the Territory (continued from last week)...

June 30, 1881.

The caravan here parted in the middle, Chaplain Greer believing as he could successively steer the local columns of the COURIER, he certainly ought to be able to steer a two-horse wagon to the mouth of Grouse Creek. So he left us and drove out of sight into the wilderness. We, that is the other rig, took the opposite course. We drove into a pasture fenced with brush; out of that into a cornfield fenced with stone, and traveled down a row of corn about two miles—so we thought—let down a pair of bars and brought up in a cowpen. We were, however, more fortu­nate here for we found a man who could and would not only tell us where to go, but could actually tell us where we at that moment ought to be, instead of driving over his corn and garden patch, as we had done. Will Whitney, however, very adroitly mentioned “that those were the finest hogs he had seen in a long time,” which somewhat mollified the old man, who then told us how to get out. Thus, you see, kind words never die; and a little taffy, which Mr. Whitney after told us, was cheap, applied to the slab sides and ungainly snouts of the old man’s hogs, and got us out of an embarrassing dilemma.

In a short time after bidding good bye to the old man of the good hogs, we arrived at the house of Drury Warren, a gentleman well and favorably known to some of our crowd. Mr. Warren, however, was absent in the territory at the big “round up,” he having some six hundred head of cattle on the range on Black Bear Creek.

Having heard Mr. Warren speak favorably of some of us, and representing ourselves as “some of our best citizens of Winfield, we soon got into the good graces of kindly Mrs. Warren: to about half a bushel of onions, and permission to drive through the field, thus cutting off some three miles of long, hilly road. Let me here remark that Mr. Warren has one of the most valuable farms in Cowley county, or I might say, in the state. He has 520 acres in a body. Two-thirds of it lies in the rich bottom at the very mouth of Grouse Creek, which is in corn, and such corn! The like of which is duly seen on the Illinois and Sangamon river bottoms, and there but seldom.

Here we passed out at the south gate of the state and entered the Territory when Messrs. Greer, Albro, and Stivers caught up with us and when your correspondent shot a squirrel, found a nice spring of water, and where we camped for the first night.

Nothing of any importance happened to us except the bites of some huge mosquitos, which happened rather often.

The next morning we tried fishing in the raging Arkansas with but poor success. An old blood-thirsty villain of a fisher­man, who I have no doubt now was anxious to get us away from there, told us of a good place where he said we would find bass in abundance, well on toward the Kaw agency. Here trouble commenced. Some wanted to pull up stakes and go at once, some wanted to send a scouting party first to spy out the land and report. But the goers-at-once being in the majority, carried the point, so strike the tent, hitch up, and pull out was the order.

Sometime that afternoon we overtook an Indian afoot, leading a dog. Someone of our party asked him some questions, which he wouldn’t answer. Then someone asked him what he intended doing with the dog. He then very politely told us to go to hades, saying, however, the old version pronunciation of that word.

We pitched our tents on the banks of the Arkansas River that night. Another meeting was held at noon to determine whether or not we would move again. The colonel, by virtue of his office, of course, presided. The debate was long, learned, and digni­fied. Greer, Webb, Stivers, Whitney, and Albro, for the move, ably presented their side of the case.

“You see, gentlemen,” said Webb, “that we are on the very verge of starvation. No water, nothing to eat.”

“That shows,” said Jennings, “that you do not know what you are talking about. Here we are on one of the most delightful spots the sun ever shone upon. Look at that mighty river and tell me that there is no water. Look at the countless turkey tracks, and tell me there is no game, nothing to eat. Why, we are here in the very bowels of plenty, and I, for one, won’t move a peg.”

The motion was, however, put and carried, so move it was. That same evening the company arrived at the mouth of Otter Creek, where it empties into the Grouse, and once more the tent was pitched. The next morning, it being Sunday, it was agreed that no fishing, hunting, or euchre be indulged in but that this Sabbath be spent quietly and reverently as became our best citizens.

After breakfast some of the boys thought they would have some fun at the expense of the others. Word was accordingly passed along that a meeting would be held to consider the propri­ety of returning to the camp vacated the day before. The presi­dent being in the seat of course, proclaimed and made known that a meeting would be held at once. Every member being present the trouble began.

“Now, may the devil take me,” said Chaplain Greer, “if this move don’t beat all the moves I ever heard of.”

“I opposed coming here in the first place, but now that we are here, I propose to stay,” said Jennings.

“Me too,” said Judge Soward, “let go who will, I shan’t.”

“Question! Question!” shouted the mob.

The motion being put, the chair declared it carried unani­mously. That was a straw too much.

“Give me my blanket,” groaned Greer, “I can hire a farmer to take me home.”

“Give me my things,” howled Jennings, “I can walk.”

“Don’t take my gun,” yellowed Judge Soward, “I won’t budge an inch.”

Seeing that the joke had gone far enough, the boys were informed of the “sell” and soon all was again serene.

Monday morning, Mr. Greer, having been really in bad health when he started, was found to be much worse. It was accordingly decided to send him home. He was taken by Mr. Burkhalter to Arkansas City, put aboard the train, and we saw him no more.

And, now to conclude, for every good writer must conclude, I have endeavored to chronicle events just as they transpired. If perchance there may be a few little things that didn’t happen exactly as I have said, I certainly cannot be held responsible.

                                                       ONE OF THE NINE.


Arkansas City Traveler, June 29, 1881.

                                         FROM THE INDIAN TERRITORY.

Little Rock, June 25. Intelligence from the Indian Nation states that affairs have reached a crisis. The United States cavalry at Fort Sill have been ordered to report to U. S. Agent Tufts, at Muskogee, to cooperate with the Choctaw militia, under Governor McCurtain, in driving white intruders from the country.

All those not Indians, or intermarried with Indians, are classed as intruders under the law. Although many of them have permits to dwell in the Nation, it is asserted that their papers were illegally issued, and they will be forced to leave.

The Indian militia are in camp near Scuddyvill, three or four hundred strong, and are under orders to effect a junction with the United States troops at Fort McCollister. The greatest terror and distress exists. More than three hundred families are said to have crossed the border in the past ten days, having abandoned their cabins to the flames, their growing crops to destruction, and their stock on the range.

Some of the whites decline to leave, claiming that they hold genuine permits, and will protect themselves if force is used to eject them.

A number of Texans, who have big herds of cattle in the Cherokee Nation, have compromised with Gov. Overton, paying him $15,000 for the privilege of grazing stock until July 15th.

An appeal has been made to the Secretary of the Interior to interfere and protect the whites.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 29, 1881.

A special train, having on board several railroad officials on a tour of inspection, came into our depot about 2 p.m., last Wednesday, and pulled out again after about one hour’s stay.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 29, 1881.

A new parlor car has been put on this run by the Santa Fe company. This adds somewhat to the convenience of travelers, but makes the appearance of the train rather outre, on account of each of the three cars generally run on the passenger train being all of different gauges and colors. The company evidently didn’t go much on appearances in the make-up of this train.


Winfield Courier, June 30, 1881.

Tell W. Walton makes in the last number of his paper, the Caldwell Post, the following statement.

“Last Saturday night, while enroute to Oxford from this city, we were compelled to patronize the K. C. L. & S. road from Winfield to Oxford. We applied at the ticket office for two tickets to Oxford, and tendered our money, a ten dollar bill. After marking the tickets and passing them over the counter, he found he could not make the change; so he said to get on the train and pay the conductor, or get the tickets after we had arrived at Oxford.

“Thinking it would be all right, and having his assurance that it would be, we boarded the train, and after we got out three-fourths of a mile from the station, the conduc­tor came through the car collecting tickets. We tendered our money a second time, but he refused to even look at it or hear an expla­nation of any kind, but stopped the train and compelled us to get off where we were, causing us, with our wife and child, to walk nearly a mile over the rough roads and cross the prairie back to the depot. We had some baggage with us, which we were obliged to carry too, or leave on the prairie. . . .

“This * * on the same evening beat a poor, lone woman out of the last cent she had, in making change for a ticket. She gave him a silver dollar, the last she had, and in return got a ticket for Oxford, costing forty cents, and ten cents in money. He claimed that she only gave him a half dollar, but the bystanders would swear that she gave him a dollar.”

John R. McGuire, of Tisdale, says that the other day he applied to the ticket office at Cherryvale for a ticket to Independence, the price of which was forty cents, and offered a half dollar piece, which was refused as not being the exact change. A feeble woman with two small children just then applied for a ticket to Independence, but failed for the same reason. Just then the train for Independence came along and McGuire and the woman got on board. The conductor came along and demanded tickets. The half dollars were offered and refused on the ground that the conductor would not take money but must have tickets. No amount would do. The only alternative was tickets or get off. The train was stopped and McGuire and the woman and her chil­dren were put out on the prairie two miles from Cherryvale, to which place they had to walk back. The woman could scarcely walk and her exertions would have been fatal had not McGuire been there to carry her small children.

The conductor of this train was not the same man with whom Tell Walton had to deal; but both are brutes, if these statements are true, which we cannot doubt, being made by men of undoubted veracity. We do not now give the names of these conductors because we wish to give them an opportunity to tell their ver­sions of these stories. It is no excuse for them that they were ordered at headquarters not to take money but only tickets for fare, no more than it would excuse them for assassinating a man because he had been ordered to do so. If these conductors believe that such acting is required of them by the company, they are venal hirelings or they would not work for such a company.

We do not believe the managers of this road desire such brutality on the part of their employees. We believe they are accommodating and obliging gentlemen who require their employees to be reasonable and obliging in carrying out such rules as are deemed necessary for the protection of the company and would discharge such brutes as these are alleged to be. Here were civil persons able and anxious to pay their fare and making due efforts to comply with all known rules of the company, and were treated worse than these same conductors would have dared to treat a party of Thugs who had attempted to rob the whole crowd. We do not blame the company for not daring to trust such men to solicit money, but we do blame them if they keep such in their employ knowing what they were.

We think that if the outraged parties should apply to Gen. Nettleton, stating the facts, the cases would be righted as far as possible.


Winfield Courier, June 30, 1881.

Commonwealth: W. F. White, the enterprising and indefatiga­ble passenger agent of the A., T. & S. F. Railroad Company, has devised a scheme and perfected arrangements by which through tickets are now sold at most stations on the line of the A., T. & S. F. to nearly all the minor stations of the east. By the old coupon system, tickets were sold only to important places, and the traveler had to pay local fare from such point or buy a through ticket to some large station beyond his destina­tion, and stop off at his intermediate station, thus paying for more than he received. All this trouble, annoyance, and loss is obviated by the new system. Passengers are ticketed clear through to their destination. The form of tickets is extremely simple, and easily understood, and the most careless traveler will be less likely to be diverted from his route than by the attempted study of the complicated forms heretofore in use. The Santa Fe is always foremost in inaugurating improvements which are likely to contribute to the convenience and profit of the traveling public.

Winfield Courier, June 30, 1881.

A freight train and caboose was over the west part of the K. C. L. & S. road Saturday evening picking up section hands to go over to Moline and repair the track torn out by the floods. The rains that fell in that direction Saturday morning were very heavy.

Winfield Courier, June 30, 1881.

Hugh M. Holmes on Tuesday was crossing the railroad about two and a half miles south of the city with a span of mules and mowing machine, when a train suddenly came in view around a bend. Holmes whipped up his mules and they jumped forward suddenly, separating themselves from the machine, leaving it on the track. The train ground the machine very fine. No other damage done.

Winfield Courier, June 30, 1881.

The Santa Fe road has put on reclining chair cars between Caldwell and Kansas City, and a parlor car between Arkansas City and Mulvane. This makes travel over that road pleasant and easy. The chair cars are models of neatness and comfort, and one can rest in them as comfortably as in a sleeper.


Arkansas City Traveler, July 6, 1881. Front Page.

Nearly 40,000 head of cattle await shipment at Hunnewell.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 6, 1881.

One of the principal blocks in Hunnewell was wiped out by fire.


Arkansas City Traveler, July 6, 1881. Editorial Page.

                                             THE INDIAN PERMIT LAWS.

Washington, D. C., June 27. The Secretary of the Interior today received from the Attorney General his opinion upon the legislative questions involved in the settlement of the troubles growing out of the threatened enforcement by the authorities of the “permit” laws of the Indian Territory. The question as to who are to be considered intruders upon Choctaw and Chickasaw lands, and whether it is the duty of the department of the Indian authorities to remove them, is now definitely settled, as the Secretary has adopted the Attorney General’s opinion. The following telegram, which embraces the main points of the Attor­ney General’s opinion, was sent by Secretary Kirkwood to U. S. Indian Agent Tufts, at Muscogee, Indian Territory, today.

“The Attorney General expresses the opinion that it is the duty of the department, not of the Indians, to remove intruders from the Choctaw and Chickasaw lands; that all persons other than Choctaws and Chickasaws, by birth or adoption, comprised within some one of the excepted classes described in article 7, treaty of 1835, and article 43 of 1866, are intruders; that those excepted are Government employees, their families and servants, employees of Internal improvement companies, travelers, temporary sojourners, holders of permits from the Choctaw and Chickasaw authorities and white persons who are employed under the laws of said Indians as teachers, mechanics, and skilled agriculturist; all others are intruders; that the permit laws are valid, and the right to remain expires with the termination of the permit.

“Promptly notify interested parties and advise them that mea­sures will be speedily taken to execute the laws as construed by the Attorney General. You will be further fully instructed by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs at an early day. Suspend removals until such instructions are received.”

Arkansas City Traveler, July 6, 1881.

The Cherokees have the right to collect tax on Stock in the Territory.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 6, 1881.

It will be seen by the letter from Hon. H. Price, Commis­sioner of Indian Affairs, that the Cherokee Government has the right to impose and collect a tax on cattle, sheep, and horses grazing in the Indian Territory.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 6, 1881.

James C. Henderson advertises his cattle brand in this issue, which you cannot fail to see. It represents the animal with the brand as it appears on all his stock, which, in less than one week, will be seen by more than one thousand persons. The cost of the