Albert Augustus Newman.




ALBERT AUGUSTUS NEWMAN.  Arkansas City, the largest municipality in Cowley County, was laid out in the spring of 1870, a few weeks after the county government was organized, and the town was incorporated in 1872.The Santa Fe Railroad reached the town in 1879, and with the development of water power and other facilities the place enjoyed a steady and consecutive growth. These facts are briefly stated at the beginning of the sketch of Albert Augustus Newman because he was, after the initial event of the layout out of the townsite, the most dominant figure in the growing destiny of the city for a period of half a century.

Mr. Newman, who was attracted to Arkansas City in 1870, was born at Weld, Maine, January 19, 1843, and died July 31, 1922, when in his eightieth year. He was of English and New England Colonial ancestry. His grandfather, Ebenezer Newman, was born at Billerica, Massachusetts, in 1791, son of a Revolutionary soldier, and spent the greater part of his life on his farm in Maine. He died in 1857. His wife, Judith Dowse, was born at Billerica, and also died at Weld. Augustus G. Newman, father of Albert Augustus, was born at Weld in 1821, was a merchant, and died in 1893. Several times he came to Kansas as a visitor. He was a Republican and held local offices in Maine, and was an active member of the Free Will Baptist Church. He married Caroline Beedy, who was born in Maine in 1821 and died in 1895. All three of their sons became prominent in Kansas: Albert A.; George W. Newman, who developed a large dry goods house at Emporia; and Fred C. Newman, who became president of the Citizens National Bank of Emporia.

Albert Augustus Newman was educated in common schools and high school in Maine, attended the Maine State Seminary at Lewiston, and at the age of nineteen enlisted, in 1862, in the Tenth Maine Infantry. He was transferred to the Twenty-ninth Maine Infantry and served in many battles of the war, including Antietam and Chancellorsville, and was with Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley campaign. After the war he was a dry goods merchant at Fayetteville, Tennessee, three years, and in 1868 came to Kansas, locating in the new town of Emporia, where he was a general merchant until he moved to Arkansas City, where he established a pioneer mercantile business. This business from a small beginning developed with the growth of the town to one of the largest department stores in the Southwest. For many years it has been known as the Newman Dry Goods Company, and his two sons succeeded him in its management and control.

Giving Arkansas City a store consistent with the importance of the town as a gateway to the Southwest was only one of Mr. Newman’s many enterprises fraught with public interest. He helped organize the Cowley County Bank, the second bank in Arkansas City, and the first organized under state laws, and was its president from 1874 for a number of years. He was one of the founders of the Home National Bank. He and associates developed the water power of the Arkansas River by means of a canal into the Walnut River. He and associates built the first flour mill in southern Kansas on Walnut River, and the mill furnished all the flour used by the Indians in Indian Territory. Mr. Newman was engaged in freighting flour to Fort Sill and to other army posts during 1876-77. He sold his mill in 1879. Later he was director and president of the Arkansas City Milling Company. He was one of the founders of the Arkansas City Water Company and the Arkansas City Gas & Electric Light Company, and was president of both corporations for a number of years. These public utilities were sold to the Kansas Gas & Electric Light Company in 1915. Mr. Newman was president of the Newman Investment Company, president of the Land & Power Company of Arkansas City, and was president of the Three K Cattle Company, owning and operating an extensive cattle business in old Indian Territory. He was for two terms mayor of Arkansas City. The capital for the building of a great many homes and business structures in Arkansas City came from him. He was a trustee of the Presbyterian Church, and in Masonry was affiliated with Crescent Lodge No. 133, A. F. And A. M.; Bennett Chapter No. 41, Royal Arch Masons; Arkansas City Commandery No. 30, Knights Templar, Wichita Consistory of the Scottish Rite, and Salina Temple of the Mystic Shrine.

He married at Weld, Maine, in 1869, Miss Mary M. Houghton, and on September 6, 1919, they celebrated their golden wedding anniversary. Mrs. Newman at the age of eighty-one still occupies the old home at 301 North B Street, a substantial house which Mr. Newman built in 1873. She was the mother of three children.

The son, Earl Granville Newman, was born in Arkansas City, October 23, 1879, and exemplified many of the able business qualities of his father. He was educated in public schools and at the age of sixteen went into his father’s store, growing up in the business, and the credit for its later expansion and development is largely due to this young business man. He became manager of the store and vice president, and after his father’s death was made president of the company. The Newman Dry Goods Company in 1917 occupied its new home, one of the best equipped department store buildings in the entire state. Earl G. Newman was president of the company at the time of his death on October 31, 1926, at the age of forty-seven. He was a Knight Templar and thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason, member of Midian Temple of the Mystic Shrine at Wichita, a member of the Arkansas City Rotary Club, Country Club, Chamber of Commerce, Retailers Association, and was also president of the Newman Investment Company and vice president of the Land & Power Company.

Earl G. Newman married June 16, 1908, Miss Gertrude T. Waterhouse, of Quincy, Massachusetts. She occupies a beautiful home at 303 North B Street, adjoining the old Newman homestead, and has taken a prominent part in the social life of the city, being a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution and the Christian Science Church. Mrs. Earl G. Newman has five children: Adeline, born April 21, 1909, and Katherine, born January 25, 1911, both students in the Senior High School of Arkansas City; Earl Granville, Jr., born October 14, 1913, attending the Junior High School; Caroline, born October 6, 1915; and Alice Gertrude, born February 9, 1918.

The present executive head of the Newman Dry Goods Company and of a number of other interests created and developed by the late Albert Augustus Newman is his second son, Albert L. Newman, who was born in Arkansas City, September 9, 1881. He graduated from high school in 1900 and for two and a half years was a student in Kansas University. He then became associated with his father’s dry goods business for two years, but afterwards was made manager of the Land & Power Company, the holding company which owned and operated the electric light and water power until the utilities were sold to the Kansas Gas & Electric Company in 1915, and the Land & Power Company then retained the real estate. Albert L. Newman had executive charge of the Kansas Gas & Electric Company at Arkansas City from 1915 to 1921, For two years following he was in the automobile business, and in 1923 he returned to enact his part in the management of the Newman Dry Goods Company and became its president after his brother died in October, 1926. In addition he is secretary-treasurer of the Newman Investment Company and treasurer of the Land & Power Company. Albert L. Newman is a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason, member of Midian Temple of the Mystic Shrine and the Masonic Grotto, is a member of the Rotary Club, Arkansas City County Club, Chamber of Commerce, and during the World war was chairman of several committees having in charge the patriotic program. He is a member of the Presbyterian Church. On February 19, 1908, he married Miss Mate McMillen, of Arkansas City, where she was born. She attended school there and graduated from high school at Logansport, Indiana, and from the State Teachers College at Pittsburg, Kansas. Mrs. Albert L. Newman is a member of the Shakespeare Club and active in the social life of her home city. They have four children: Albert W., born in Arkansas City, December 2, 1908, a graduate of the local high school, spent two years in Kansas University, and is a member of the Phi Delta Theta college fraternity, of which his father is also a member; George Frederick, born May 20, 1911, attending high school; Harry E., born July 8, 1912, a student in Junior High School; and Rodney Lee, born June 28, 1923.

The daughter of the late A. A. Newman is Pearl N., now the wife of Col. William F. Hase, an officer of the United States Army, formerly chief-of-staff under General Summerall in the Hawaiian Islands and now in command of Fort Winfield Scott at San Francisco. Colonel and Mrs. Hase have two children: Mary Elizabeth and Hilda Houghton.

                                                  Albert Augustus Newman.

Albert Augustus Newman was of English and New England Colonial ancestry. His grandfather, Ebenezer Newman, was born at Billerica, Massachusetts, in 1791, son of a Revolutionary soldier, and spent the greater part of his life on his farm in Maine. He died in 1857. His wife, Judith Dowse, was born at Billerica, and also died at Weld, Maine. Augustus G. Newman, father of Albert Augustus, was born at Weld, Maine, in 1821, was a merchant, and died in 1893. Several times he came to Kansas as a visitor. He was a Republican and held local offices in Maine, and was an active member of the Free Will Baptist Church. He married Caroline Beedy, who was born in Maine in 1821 and died in 1895. All three of their sons became prominent in Kansas: Albert A.; George W. Newman, who developed a large dry goods house at Emporia; and Fred C. Newman, who became president of the Citizens National Bank of Emporia. His sisters were Mary (Newman) Haywood and Hattie (Newman) Purington.

Albert Augustus Newman was educated in common schools and high school in Maine, attended the Maine State Seminary at Lewiston, and at the age of nineteen enlisted, in 1862, in the Tenth Maine Infantry. He was transferred to the Twenty-ninth Maine Infantry and served in many battles of the war, including Antietam and Chancellorsville, and was with Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley campaign. Albert A. Newman married at Weld, Maine, in 1869, Miss Mary M. Houghton, and on September 6, 1919, they celebrated their golden wedding anniversary. Mrs. Newman at the age of 81 still occupied the old home at 301 North B Street, a substantial house which Mr. Newman built in 1873. They had three children: Earl Granville; Albert L.; and Pearl N. (Hase).

                          EBENEZER NEWMAN, SR., AND DESCENDANTS.

Ebenezer Newman, Sr. (1767/1839) married Sarah Dowse (1762/1855) m-1782

Lucretia Newman (1780/1861) married Isaac Storer

Ebenezer Newman, Jr. (1791/1857) married Judith Dowse (M-1814) 1796/1879

Sally Newman, b-2/1/1815 d-1816

Prescott Newman, b-10/11/1816

Sally Newman b 4/10/1817

Ebenezer Newman, 3rd 1829/1910 married Marinda ?,

    married 2nd, Polly Dyer.

Eva Newman married Charles A. Toothaker

Augustus G. Newman 1821- 1893 married Caroline Beedy, 1821 - 1895.

Albert Augustus Newman (1-19-1843/7-31-1922) married Mary M.


Earl Granville Newman married Gertrude T. Waterhouse

Adeline Newman

Katherine Newman

Earl Granville Newman, Jr.

Caroline Newman

Alice Gertrude Newman

Albert L. Newman married Mate McMillen

Albert W. Newman

George Frederick Newman

Harry E. Newman

Rodney Lee Newman

Pearl N. Newman married William F. Hase

Mary Elizabeth Hase

Hilda Houghton Hase   

May (Mary) C. Newman married Rufus C. Haywood

Frederick C. Newman

George Washington Newman

Weld, Maine is on the western border of the state, about 100 miles from Portland, Maine. It was first settled about 1782.

Ebenezer Newman, Sr., came from Andover, New Hampshire. He was a soldier of the Revolution and received a wound in his leg at the battle of Long Island, which was the cause of his death. He married Sarah Dowse of Billerica, Massachusetts, and soon settled in Dearing, New Hampshire, where they remained until 1799, when they removed to Andover, Maine, and lived there until 1805, when they came to Weld, Maine.

Benjamin Dowse, (who married Hannah Frost Mears in 1749) the father of Sarah and grandfather of Judith, was at the Lexington Alarm, turned out in Col. Ebenezer Bridge’s regiment. He was a corporal at White Plains, and marched to reinforce the Northern Army at Bennington under Col. Jonathan Reed.    

Benjamin Dowse m1749, Hannah Frost Mears, b1728

Sarah m 1782, Ebenezer Newman, Sr.

Ebenezer Newman, Jr., m 1814, Judith Dowse, 1796-1879.

Abigail m1782, Josiah Newman

Josiah Newman, Jr., 1783-1865, m 2nd, Nancy Holland

Arabella Rarren Newman, 1818-1887


                                           ALBERT AUGUSTUS NEWMAN.

A. A. Newman was the son of Augustus G. Newman and Caroline (Beedy) Newman of Weld, Maine. Had two younger brothers named George Washington (G. W.) and Fred (F. C.) Newman. Sisters were Mary (Newman) Haywood and Hattie (Newman) Purington. Daniel Beedy is thought to have been a close maternal relative.    

                         Some Oral History concerning Albert Augustus Newman.

Volume One of the books BETWEEN THE RIVERS, copyrighted in 1969 by Ruth Norris Berger and Bess Riley Oldroyd, pages 65 through 68, had an article about A. A. Newman contributed by Mrs. Albert L. Newman.

ALBERT AUGUSTUS NEWMAN, a Yankee of considerable vision came out of the Civil War convinced that the Middle West had great potential. As a consequence, he spent the next fifty years living in and working for Arkansas City.

In 1862 when he was nineteen years old he withdrew from Maine State Seminary at Lewiston and enlisted in the Union Army. He came under fire in some of the great battles, and even on his first day of service was ordered to go gather his equipment from one of the dead Union soldiers in a nearby filed. He marched up the Shenandoah Valley with Sherman’s gallant men. He tells in his war diary while wintering in Vicksburg of scouting the district for apples and selling them to the other soldiers. He thus manifested early his merchant instinct.

After coming out of the Army, Mr. Newman and his foster brother, T. H. McLaughlin, went to Fayetteville, Tennessee, and operated a dry-goods store. But when it became known in the village that they were “Damn Yankees,” they were ordered to leave. Mr. Newman, who was a Mason, was allowed to leave in an orderly manner, but his partner was not. When McLaughlin heard he was to be “tarred and feathered” and ridden out of town on a rail, he climbed out a back window of their living quarters over the store and escaped in the middle of the night.

             A. A. Newman Met Major William E. Sleeth in Fayetteville, Tennessee.

Major Sleeth (no relation to Newman) was born in Cambridge, Ohio, and served four years in the Civil War, where he rose to the rank of major in the Seventeenth Army Corps of the 78th Ohio Volunteers. After the war he taught school for four years, after which he spent three years in the lumber business in Fayetteville, Tennessee. It was there that he met A. A. Newman and T. H. McLaughlin, who were in business there. In the year 1869 Sleeth came to Emporia, Kansas, later locating in El Dorado. He came to Arkansas City in March 1870. He was a member of the Arkansas City Town Company and was its secretary. He made the first plat of the town.

[Note: Much of the following that was gathered about people from Maine must be taken with a “grain of salt” as it has many inaccuracies. MAW August 7, 2000.]

Volume One of BETWEEN THE RIVERS had an article written by Walter Hutchison in 1945 on page 113, that mentions people coming from Maine.

                                                        MAINE COLONY.

                              Prominent Group Among Early Residents of A. C.

In the early 1870s there was a group of citizens in Arkansas City known as the “Franklin County Maine Colony,” all of whom came from the same town, Phillips, in that state.

The pioneers of the Maine group cast their lot in southern Kansas and saw a future in Arkansas City, investing heavily in real estate and business ventures.

The “Maine Colony” threw a party at the home of Mr. and Mrs. H. P. Farrar. Attending this affair was a group of 25 or 30 persons, all former residents of Maine, accompanied by their children. Mr. and Mrs. Albert Worthley were the last to survive. They were the parents of Mrs. Edna Worthley Underwood.

H. P. Farrar, early day banker, came to Arkansas City in 1870. His brother, Fred, came a few years later.

Someone tried to recall group who attended the Farrar party. They came up with the following:

Mr. and Mrs. Harry Farrar.

Mr. and Mrs. Fred Farrar.

Mr. and Mrs. Albert Worthley.

Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Newman.

Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Gooch.

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Howard.

Mr. and Mrs. George Howard.

Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Prescott.

Mr. and Mrs. S. S. Lambert.

Mr. and Mrs. R. C. Haywood.

Mr. and Mrs. Brad Beal.

Mr. and Mrs. T. H. McLaughlin.

Mr. and Mrs. O. P. Houghton.

Mr. and Mrs. T. K. Houghton.

Some of the descendants:

A. A. Newman: Albert and Earl Newman.

T. K. Houghton: Mrs. Charles Sills.

Charles Howard: Mrs. Frank Vogel.

George B. Howard: Harry V. Howard.

Harry Farrar: Mrs. Lester Mitchell and Foss Farrar.

          Granddaughter: Frances Farrar Guyot.

[Note: Research of Census for Creswell Township reveals that Farrar came later than 1871. Mr. Hutchison did not do his “home work” in compiling this article.]

                           Continuation of Oral History from Mrs. Albert L. Newman.

In 1868 Mr. Newman made his way to Emporia, Kansas, to open another general store. That store still operates there under the Newman name. A brother, George W. Newman, 21 years old, took over the store in 1870 when “A. A.” was attracted to the Indian lands of southern Kansas, and the Indian Territory. These were being opened up for trade and Mr. Newman secured a contract with the government to grind grain for the Indians near the infant town of Arkansas City.

                                 Newspaper Items Pertaining to A. A. Newman.

Emporia News, August 21, 1868.

Two gentlemen were here this week from Maine, looking up a business location. They were much pleased with the town and country and will probably locate.

                                               [Could this be Newman? YES!]   

Emporia News, September 4, 1868.

                                                  NEW DRY GOODS FIRM.

As will be seen by their advertisement in today’s paper, Messrs. Newman & Houghton have purchased the store formerly owned by Mr. Pyle, in Jones’ new building. These gentlemen are lately from Maine, and have had a long experience in the mercantile business. They advertise what they can and will do. All they ask is a fair trial. We hope they may meet with encouragement and have a fair share of the patronage of the public. They go to work as though they understood their business, and as though they intend to do a fair legitimate trade with those who may favor them with their custom. We wish them abundant success.

Emporia News, September 4, 1868.

                                                              NEW FIRM!

                                                      Goods Cheap for Cash!

The undersigned having bought out the stock of W. A. Pyle at a greatly reduced price, would respectfully call the attention of the citizens of Emporia and surrounding country to the fact that they can and will sell

                                                            DRY GOODS,

GROCERIES, BOOTS AND SHOES, CLOTHING, Notions & Queensware, Cheaper than they can be bought elsewhere in SOUTHERN KANSAS.

We buy our Goods at first hand in New York and Boston, and save second profits paid by merchants buying in Chicago, St. Louis, or Leavenworth.

All Goods Warranted as Represented or MONEY REFUNDED.

                                                             Give us a Trial.

                                                 NEWMAN & HOUGHTON,

                                            180 Commercial Street, EMPORIA.

Emporia News, September 25, 1868.

We are glad to know the new firm of Newman & Houghton are doing a lively business. One of the firm is now absent after new goods. They intend to bring on a stock that will not be excelled in quantity or quality.

Emporia News, October 16, 1868.

                                   NEWMAN & HOUGHTON’S NEW GOODS.

The attraction for a few days has been at the new store of Newman & Houghton, in Jones’ building, next door north of Fraker & Peyton’s. On Monday night they commenced receiving their new goods direct from New York, and their store is now one of the best stocked in the place. Their goods must be cheap as they are shipped direct from New York, and they save the profits of western wholesale merchants. Their stock embraces everything in the line of ladies’ dress goods, clothing, groceries, etc. These gentlemen are determined not to be out-done in any respect. They are newcomers, and we hope our people will call and examine their stock and prices before making their purchases, as they hope, by close application to business and fair dealing to merit their share of the public patronage.


Emporia News, October 16, 1868.

                                                    Great Reduction in Prices.

Best Green Teas at $1.50 per pound.

Choice Black Ties at $1.25 per pound.

                                                 NEWMAN & HOUGHTON.

Emporia News, October 16, 1868.

                                                           Low Prices Win.

A large stock of fancy cassimeres, satinets, jeans, tweeds, repellants, ladies’ cloth, flannels and linseys, which we will sell at lower prices than the same quality of goods were ever sold in this market. Call and see

                                                 NEWMAN & HOUGHTON.

Emporia News, October 16, 1868.

                                                       Shawls and Balmorals.

Choice styles of ladies and gents shawls; also a splendid assortment of balmorals, the cheapest in the market.

                                                 NEWMAN & HOUGHTON.


Emporia News, November 13, 1868.

                                                         Cheapest and Best.

The new stock of clothing, boots, and shoes, at 180 Commercial street.

                                                 NEWMAN & HOUGHTON.

                                                             Just Received.

Latest styles of gents hats and caps, ladies’ furs and fur trimmed hoods, breakfast shawls, sontags, nubias, and scarfs; also children’s and misses hoods.

                                                 NEWMAN & HOUGHTON.

Emporia News, December 18, 1868.

Newman & Houghton have just received a large stock of new goods.

Emporia News, January 1, 1869.

                                                         CARD. Dr. Morris.

Goods have arrived, and he is now ready for professional business. His office is over Newman & Houghton’s store. The Doctor prepares a specific remedy for the cure of Fever and Ague, which is never known to fail; also Anti-Bilious Pills, a sure preventative of the Ague by correcting the stomach and liver. Mixture and Pills $2.00.

Emporia News, January 8, 1869.

AD. Latest Styles in Caps. Fur, fur-bound and all grades cloth caps for Men and Boys, at NEWMAN & HOUGHTON’S.

Emporia News, February 5, 1869.

                          Instruments Recorded During the Week Ending Feb. 4, 1869.

                     Reported from E. P. Bancroft’s Real Estate and Abstract Office.


                 A. A. Newman to O. P. Houghton, warranty deed for ten lots in Emporia.

Emporia News, February 5, 1869.

The new crop of tea is now on the market, and some of the choicest brands have just been received by NEWMAN & HOUGHTON.

Emporia News, February 5, 1869.

A fine lot of prints and muslins just received by NEWMAN & HOUGHTON.

Emporia News, February 5, 1869.

                                                            Great Bargains.

Shawls, nubias, scarfs, sontags, balmoral skirts, and hosiery are now selling at a great sacrifice at 181 Commercial street. They must be sold in thirty days.

                                              NEWMAN AND HOUGHTON.

Emporia News, March 19, 1869.

Mr. Newman started to Boston and New York on Monday morning to lay in a spring and summer stock for the store of Newman & Houghton.

Emporia News, March 19, 1869.

We are informed that the brother of our townsman, Mr. Newman, of the firm of Newman & Houghton, who arrived here from Maine on Wednesday morning, reports that there was seven feet of snow, on the level, in that State when he left. So badly were the railroads blockaded that he was three days in making fifty miles. Think of that, ye grumblers at the cold weather of Kansas.

Houghton begins to start own business...

Emporia News, April 16, 1869.

Mr. Houghton, of the firm of Newman & Houghton, has let the contract for putting up a business house, 25 x 60 feet, on Commercial street, near B. T. Wright’s hardware store. Messrs. Newman & Houghton have been in business here about a year, and have succeeded in building up a large trade. They are both young men of excellent business qualifications, and possess the energy and perseverance that will succeed anywhere.

Emporia News, April 23, 1869.

                                                            GOOD NEWS.

Newman & Houghton are receiving their extensive stock of goods this week, and those desiring first choice should call early. Their prices are very low. They bought in New York and Boston and shipped direct; therefore, you will not have to pay the profits of the St.. Louis and Leavenworth merchants. Their hats are of the latest styles, in endless variety, and cheap, too. Their Boots and Shoes have to be seen to be appreciated. They can beat the world on ladies’ dress goods. It is useless for us to attempt to enumerate what they have for sale, but will advise all go and see their large stock. All goods guaranteed or money refunded. No trouble to show goods.

Emporia News, April 23, 1869.


                                                Latest Styles and Lowest Prices.

We have just received direct from New York and Boston a large and choice stock of Domestic & Fancy Dry Goods, BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS, CLOTHING, NOTIONS, AND CARPETINGS.

We wish it distinctly understood that we buy at first hand of the Manufacturers and Importers, and will sell at prices to defy competition.

                                                   LOOK AT THE PRICES!!

Best Prints—Merrimac, Cocheco, Spragues, Pacifics, Arnolds, Amoskeng, and Denonels at 12 ½ cents per yard.

Ladies’ Hoop Skirts, 75 cents.

Ladies’ Cotton Hose at $1.50 per dozen.

Boys’ Wool Hats, 50 cents each.

Mens’ Wool Hats, 75 cents each.

Best Imperial Tea, $1.50 per pound.

Best Hyson Tea, $1.50 per pound.

Best Japan Tea, $1.50 per pound.

Best Oolong Tea, $1.25 per pound.

                         All Goods guaranteed as represented, or Money Refunded.

Emporia News, April 30, 1869.

Newman & Houghton have a set of croquet.

Houghton’s store almost completed...

Emporia News, May 14, 1869.

Mr. Houghton’s new business house, next door south of Wright’s hardware store, is nearly completed, and will soon be occupied by McMillan & Fox. It will be one of the largest business rooms in the place.

Emporia News, May 14, 1869.

                                                 [Legal entries...E. P. Bancroft.]

                        S. B. Smith to A. A. Newman, warranty deed w h n w 6 29 11.

Emporia News, June 4, 1869.

                                                  NEW BUSINESS HOUSE.

Messrs. Newman & Houghton have secured a lot on the corner of Mechanics street and Sixth avenue, just east of Gilmore & Hirth’s furniture rooms, and will put up immediately a business house, 26 x 70 feet, two stories high, to be built of brick with iron and glass front, and to be in all respects a first class business house. Business has heretofore been confined almost exclusively to Commercial street, but lots are held at such high figures that men are forced to branch off on the avenues where property is cheaper. We learn that another firm contemplates putting up a business house in the vicinity of this contemplated building.

Emporia News, June 11, 1869.

Newman & Houghton have received direct from New York a choice assortment of fine brown and bleached muslins—[?can’t read first word?], lawns, nansooks, and jaconets. Also, a large assortment of ladies’ hose, gloves, corsets, hoop-skirts, damask piano and table covers, marsailes and star quilts, lace curtains, oil carpetings, etc., which they are selling at extremely low prices.

Emporia News, August 6, 1869.

Mr. Newman, of the firm of Newman & Houghton, has gone East after a large stock of goods.

Emporia News, August 13, 1869.

Newman & Houghton are now selling off their present stock of goods very cheap, to make room for a large and complete stock which their Mr. Newman is now purchasing in New York and Boston.

Emporia News, August 20, 1869.

                                                       STARTLING NEWS.

Various rumors of bank failures, suspension of work on the railroad, and other exciting stories have been afloat in our community for some days past; but the most startling intelligence has just reached us. It has just been ascertained, for a certainty, that Newman & Houghton’s new goods, direct from New York, have reached Topeka, and next week there will be offered at the old stand of Newman & Houghton the largest and finest stock of dry goods, carpets, hats and caps, boots and shoes, etc., ever seen or heard of in Southern Kansas, which will be sold so low as to astonish all the world and the rest of mankind. Come and see for yourselves.

Emporia News, September 3, 1869.

                                                       SOMETHING NEW.

In this age of improvement and progress, almost every day brings something new. Among other new things Newman & Houghton have just received from New York a splendid stock of carpetings, mattings, oil cloths, table covers, etc., which the ladies of Emporia and vicinity are particularly invited to call and examine. A full line of domestics, dress, and fancy goods will be opened in a few days. Also a large and carefully selected stock of hats, caps, boots, shoes, and clothing. Please call and see our goods and prices.

Houghton starts his own store...

Emporia News, September 3, 1869.

O. P. Houghton has bought out the interest of I. D. Fox in the late store of McMillan & Fox. The new firm may be found in the old room near the courthouse, with a heavy stock, and always ready for business.

Emporia News, September 3, 1869.

O. P. HOUGHTON, of the firm of Newman & Houghton, would respectfully inform his old customers and friends, and the public generally, that he has purchased the interest of I. D. Fox in the establishment of McMillan & Fox, No. 128 Commercial street. I shall take equally as much pleasure in selling groceries and woolen goods at my new place of business as I did in measuring calico at my former place.

I have decided, after deliberate consideration, that a city life in Emporia, surrounded by so many congenial spirits, is preferable to herding Texas cattle on the frontier.

Emporia News, September 10, 1869.


                                                       McMillan & Houghton,

                                     DEALERS IN Wool, Woolen Goods, -AND-


New Store, below Wright’s, near the Court House, EMPORIA, KANSAS.

The motto of this firm shall be “Small profits and quick returns.” We are paying the highest market price for WOOL, either in cash or goods.

Our stock of woolen goods is complete. It Cannot be Equaled West of the JACKSONVILLE (ILL.) FACTORIES. To our stock of Woolen Goods we have added a LARGE & COMPLETE STOCK -OF- GROCERIES.

Emporia News, September 10, 1869.

NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. McMillan & Houghton. Newman & Houghton.

Emporia News, September 10, 1869.

[Under Local Notices.]

Just Received. Large stock of Groceries at McMillan & Houghton’s.

Now is the time, and Newman & Houghton’s is the place to select new dresses.

If you want a Blanket that will stand the rub, go to McMillan & Houghton’s.

A splendid stock of Flannels, plain and fancy, just received at Newman & Houghton’s.

Cheap Balmorals and Coverlets, at McMillan & Houghton’s.

For Ladies’ and Gent’s underwear, go to Newman & Houghton’s.

Woolen Blankets. A large stock just received at Newman & Houghton’s.

If you wish to see something new and tasty for table covers, call at Newman & Houghton’s.

First word on the notorious Danford, who became a banker...

Emporia News, September 10, 1869.

NEW AGENCY. Hanna & Danford have opened an office in Jones’ building, over Newman & Houghton’s store, in the room lately occupied as a Presbyterian church, where they will do a general agency business. They will buy and sell lands, furnish abstracts of titles, pay taxes, do conveyancing, insurance, etc. . . .

Emporia News, September 10, 1869.

The Presbyterian Church has leased the upper story of the new building of Truworthy & Tandy, on Commercial street, and will occupy it for a place of worship till they can build. It is a very commodious room, much larger, better ventilated, and in every way more suitable for a growing congregation than the one they have been occupying. It will be ready for use by Sabbath week. Services next Sabbath at the hall over Newman & Houghton’s store, morning and evening. Sabbath school at 9 o’clock a.m.

Both Houghton and Newman are married: Houghton gets married in Emporia. Newman goes back to Maine to get married.

Emporia News, September 24, 1869.

MARRIED. At the residence of W. R. Bradford, Esq., corner of State street and Fifth avenue, September 18th, by Rev. M. L. S. Noyes, Mr. ORRIN P. HOUGHTON, of this city, to Miss MARIA BISBEE, of Sumner, Maine.

MARRIED. At the residence of the bride’s father, in Weld, Maine, September 6th, 1869, by Rev. A. Maxwell, A. A. NEWMAN, of Emporia, and MARY M. HOUGHTON, of Weld.

Newman gets tied up with brother. Houghton joins with McMillan.

Emporia News, September 24, 1869.

                          [New Advertisers. Newman & Bro., McMillan & Houghton.]

McMillan & Houghton are receiving the largest and best stock of Cassimeres and Jeans ever brought to Emporia.

Emporia News, September 24, 1869.

                                                              NEW FIRM.

As will be seen in a new advertisement, G. W. Newman supersedes O. P. Houghton in the dry-goods business. Young Mr. Newman has been in the store some months as a clerk, and has already made many friends by his urbane and gentlemanly deportment. We wish the new firm a rush of customers and drawers full of greenbacks.

Emporia News, September 24, 1869.

RETURNED. Our fellow townsman, A. A. Newman, has returned from Maine, where he had been spending several weeks, a few days ago. As will be seen in the proper place, he brought with him a wife. The lady of O. P. Houghton also accompanied Mr. Newman here. We welcome these gentlemen among the Benedicts of the town, and wish them and their brides a long, happy, and prosperous residence with us.


Emporia News, September 24, 1869.

McMillan & Houghton still have some of that choice corn meal so much praised.

A large stock of home-knit socks, at 60 cents per pair, at McMillan & Houghton’s.

If the ladies want any kind of HEAVY SHOES, all they will have to pay for them will be $1.25 to $2.00, at McMillan & Houghton’s.

Coverlets, Balmorals, and Blankets; any price, color, or quality at McMillan & Houghton’s.

Emporia News, September 24, 1869.


Office over Newman & Houghton’s store.


Emporia News, October 2, 1869.

Newman & Bro. are out with a fine display of business locals. They have the goods, and are bound to sell.

Fine Bleached and brown Table Linens, at remarkably low prices, at NEWMAN & BRO’S.

Carpetings. Best Hartford three ply, Ingrain two ply, Venetian Stair carpet Coir, Matting, Hemp, Oil and Rag Carpetings, at NEWMAN & BRO’S.

Call and see our new plaid dress flannels, shirtings, and Huseys. NEWMAN & BRO.

Woolen and Cotton Yarns, at NEWMAN & BRO’S.

Nice Lot of Zephyrs, at NEWMAN & BRO’S.

New Styles in Ladies’ Shawls. A full line of high colored plaids, at NEWMAN & BRO’S.

Best Goods at lowest prices, at NEWMAN & BRO’S.

A full assortment, best buck and gauntlet Gloves, at NEWMAN & BRO’S.

Kid Gloves, black, white, and fancy colors, at NEWMAN & BRO’S.

Complete Stock of ladies’, gents’, and children’s hosiery, at NEWMAN & BRO’S.

Cotton Bolts and Wadding, at NEWMAN & BRO’S.

Cloakings and ladies’ cloth, at NEWMAN & BRO’S.

Dress Goods and Trimmings, at NEWMAN & BRO’S.

Ladies’ Silk Vests, at NEWMAN & BRO’S.

Best Green Teas @ $1.50 per pound.

Best Black Teas @ $1.25 per pound. at NEWMAN & BRO’S.

McLaughlin arrives on the scene in Emporia...

Emporia News, October 8, 1869.

Messrs. Newman & McLaughlin have commenced the construction of a new business house, 26 x 70, 35 feet high, on the corner of Mechanics Street and Sixth Avenue. The building is to be of stone, with brick front supported by cut stone columns. It is to be finished and ready for occupancy by next May.

Emporia News, October 22, 1869.

AD. LATEST STYLES IN LADIES’ FURS. Russian Fitch, Astracan, River Mink, Siberian Squirrel, French Sable, and Cony Furs, in new styles at prices as low as they can be bought at St. Louis, or any eastern city. Call and examine for yourselves. NEWMAN & BRO.


A FINE ASSORTMENT Ladies Silk and Morocco Vests. NEWMAN & BRO.

LADIES AND GENTS’ Rubber Overshoes at NEWMAN & BRO.’S.

[There were more that I skipped.]

Emporia News, October 22, 1869.

McMillan & Houghton ran their usual ads plus a few new ones. I skipped.

Emporia News, November 12, 1869.

Work on the new business house of Newman & McLaughlin is progressing rapidly. The basement is completed, and the cut stone front for the first story is being put in. This will be, when finished, one of the best buildings in town.

Emporia News, November 19, 1869.

E. T. Sprague has the contract for the wood work on Newman & McLaughlin’s new business house on Sixth Avenue. Mr. Sprague has been here all summer, and has the reputation of being a good workman.

Emporia News, December 3, 1869.

Committee member Temperance program given at Methodist Church: G. W. Newman.

Newman becomes a Stockholder in insurance firm...

Note: Jacob Stotler was the editor of the Emporia newspaper. He later became a member of the town company that settled Arkansas City.

Emporia News, December 10, 1869.

                                           LAMAR INSURANCE COMPANY.

                           Insurance Company secured a local organization in Emporia.

Requisite stock of $10,00 taken on December 7, 1869. Stockholders met in the Real Estate and Insurance office of Dawson & Havenhill, and organized the Emporia branch.

Manager, E. B. Peyton; Local Directors, Jacob Stotler, J. C. Fraker.

                                          Stockholder: A. A. Newman: Merchant.

Emporia News, December 17, 1869.

Newman & Bro. have received the largest stock of Dry Goods now in Emporia, all bought since the decline in gold. They can and will sell them at prices so low as to astonish everyone. Call and examine.

Emporia News, December 17, 1869.

Cash paid for Eggs, Butter, Lard, and Potatoes at McMILLAN & HOUGHTON’s.


Emporia News, December 24, 1869.

Our large stock of Ladies’ Furs will be closed out this month regardless of cost. What more appropriate Christmas present than a nice set of Furs. Look at the prices.

Astrakhan Furs: $15.00

Siberian Fitch: $23.00

French Sable: $8.00

French Coney: $5.00


Emporia News, January 7, 1870.

                                    EMPORIA AND HER BUSINESS HOUSES.

                                             A Glimpse of the Business of 1869.

                                                            DRY GOODS.

The principal houses are Bancroft and McCarter, Newman and Bro., T. G. Wibley, Hall and Bro., J. C. Fraker, and P. G. Hallburg. The first named firm commenced business in October, and has sold at the rate of from eight to ten thousand dollars per month.

Newman Brothers (late Newman and Houghton) have sold during the year in the neighborhood of fifty thousand dollars worth of goods.


Most of the stores above (dry goods) keep groceries, but we have some large establishments exclusively in the grocery and provision business. Bailey and Painter, Gillett and Hadley, McMillan and Houghton, and Wicks and Mayse are the principal firms in this line of trade. They are all doing a splendid business. The houses of McMillan and Houghton and Bailey and Painter have been established during the past year. Wicks and Mayse bought out G. W. Frederick. Bay and Hall, an old house in this trade, went out of business. Besides these houses, J. L. Dalton, Ferguson and Harvey, and John W. Morris do a very considerable grocery trade. Estimate for grocery trade of the town during 1869: $200,000.

                                                      BOOTS AND SHOES.

P. J. Lehnhard, Topliff and French, and William Clapp are the firms in this trade. Messrs. Lehnhard and Clapp have manufactories in connection with their trade, and manufacture extensively. Many of the dry goods establishments keep these articles. No estimate given for sales during 1869.

Skipped Clothing, Hardware Stores, etc. None of the names seemed familiar.

Emporia News, January 7, 1870.

The stone work, after some delay, is resumed on Newman & McLaughlin’s new building, on Sixth Avenue. The walls of the second story are rapidly going up under the hammers of numerous masons.

Emporia News, January 7, 1870.

A LARGE STORE. Newman Bro.’s have one of the largest stocks of dry goods, groceries, and other goods, in town, and are doing an extensive business. We are gratified to note their prosperity. They have a large country trade, and are generally able to furnish their city customers with fresh butter and eggs.

Emporia News, March 4, 1870.

Newman Bros., the young, enterprising and genial men who keep the general store three doors north of this office, have received a lot of muslins and other domestics this week, and a supply of ready-made clothing also, which they will sell low. This is only a shadow of the stock they will receive in a week or two. They are doing a lively business and merit much more.

Emporia News, March 11, 1870.

                                                           Business Notices.

Groceries at reduced rates at McMILLAN & HOUGHTON’S.

Best Hartford three ply carpets at NEWMAN & BRO.’s.

Walnut Valley Times, Friday, March 11, 1870.


A. A. NEWMAN, FATHER AND BROTHER, together with a number of others, passed down the Valley on a prospecting tour this week. They admired Eldorado, of course.

[Newman’s father, Augustus Newman, returned to his home in Weld, Maine after this trip. Daniel Beedy was probably a part of the group. The Arkansas City Republican of April 18, 1885, reports that I. L. Newman was part of that party. We do not know what his relationship to “A. A.” was. RKW]

Walnut Valley Times, March 18, 1870.

We understand that the Newman outfit took a claim near Creswell whereon to build a mill. Milling is a big thing in the Walnut valley.

Emporia News, April 1, 1870.

A. A. Newman, of the firm of Newman Bros., has gone east after goods, which, upon their arrival, will be received in their new storeroom, on the corner of Sixth avenue and Market street. This is a magnificent room, and will be filled with a magnificent stock of goods. The front room above will be occupied as a millinery store, and the basement as a restaurant. Newman Bros. will themselves occupy a portion of the upper story.

Emporia News, April 8, 1870.

NEW GOODS. Newman Brothers will receive in a few days, their large and well-selected stock of spring goods, which the senior member of the firm is now ordering in New York. They are purchasing more heavily than ever before, to satisfy the demands of their extensive and rapidly increasing trade. They expect to be ready to open them on or about the 15th, in their new building on Sixth avenue.

In connection with the above, Mr. Newman will bring on a heavy stock of millinery goods, the largest and finest ever brought to Emporia, which will be opened about the same time, in the spacious and elegant front room above. An excellent milliner from Boston, a lady of ten years’ experience in the East, will return with Mr. Newman. We advise the ladies to delay their purchase of millinery until they have examined their stock.

Emporia News, April 15, 1870.

A. C. Armstrong is fitting up a restaurant in Newman Bros.’ new building. He will have it ready for business next week. Mr. Armstrong has had experience in this line, and will conduct a first-class restaurant in every respect. Boarders will be accommodated by both day and week board.

Emporia News, April 15, 1870.

The plastering of the new storeroom of Newman and McLaughlin, on the corner of Sixth Avenue and Mechanics Street, is probably the best job of the kind in town. We do not know the artists who smeared the mud.

Emporia News, April 15, 1870.

The Social Club will give a social hop in Newman’s new building, corner of Sixth Avenue and Mechanics Street this evening.

Emporia News, April 22, 1870.

Newman & Bro. will move into their new storeroom on the corner of Sixth avenue and Mechanics street the latter part of next week. They are receiving and will continue to receive many new goods. If the ladies wish to see something fine in the way of dress goods, they should go to this store. We will not enter into details until after they move. They speak for themselves in another column.

Emporia News, April 22, 1870.

NEWMAN & BRO. are receiving their mammoth stock of spring goods. They have a fine and complete assortment of Dress Goods, White Goods, Hosiery, Dress Trimmings, Clothing, Carpeting, Hats, Boots and Shoes. They bought in New York and Boston, at lower prices than goods have reached since 1881, and will sell at great bargains. They will move into their new store on Sixth avenue next week. All who wish good goods at low prices, will do well to give them a call.

Emporia News, April 29, 1870.

Newman & Bro.’s double-column advertisement will appear next week. It was expected that they would move into their new building the latter part of this week, but the carpenters have disappointed them, and it will not be ready for occupation until week after next. In the meantime, they are prepared to accommodate everybody with everything in the mercantile line. They are doing an immense trade. We called several times without finding them at leisure.

Emporia News, April 29, 1870.


Would announce that he has fitted up in first-class style a RESTAURANT, Which he proposes to conduct in a first-class manner, in the basement of the new STONE BUILDING OF NEWMAN & BRO., Corner Mechanics Street & Sixth Avenue. He would respectfully invite the patronage of the public.

Emporia News, May 6, 1870.



                                                  NEWMAN & BROTHER’S

                                                      NEW STONE STORE.

                                                      109 SIXTH AVENUE.


We have a large stock and attractive styles of Dress Goods, Black Silks, Japanese Silks, Irish and French Poplins, white and figured Piquet, white, figured, and buff Brilliants, checked and striped Nainsooks, Organdy, Swiss, Book and Mull Muslin, white and colored Tarletons, checked and plain Challiss, French, Scotch, and American Ginghams, Chambrays, etc.

The celebrated brand of PRIZE MEDAL BLACK ALPACAS.

Shawls, Arab Mantles, Paisley, Ristori, and several other beautiful and popular styles.

Ladies’ Skirts, White and Colored, Embroidered and Plain; together with the latest novelties in Hoop Skirts.

Ladies’ Baskets, Morocco Bags and Satchels, and a great variety of the best Gloves and Hosiery.

BAJOU KID GLOVES. Best in the market. Every Pair WARRANTED.

CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, Satinets, Jeans, Cottonades, Linen Drills, CLOAKINGS AND SACKINGS.

We especially request inspection of our assortment of Bleached, Brown, Dice-checked, and Turkey Red TABLE LINENS AND NAPKINS.

                                                MILLINERY!! MILLINERY!!

The largest and most attractive stock ever brought to Emporia. Ladies are respectfully requested to call and examine it. Mrs. C. Kidder, an experienced Milliner, late of Boston, will have charge of this department.

Country Merchants will do well to examine our stock and prices before going East, as we will sell at Leavenworth, Kansas City, or St. Louis Prices.

Emporia News, May 6, 1870.

Newman & Bro. are going to move into their new store next week. They will have the neatest storeroom in town. They have an immense stock of beautiful and cheap goods to move into it. The millinery department, in charge of Mrs. C. Kidder, just from Boston, was opened yesterday, upstairs in the new building. We visited this department yesterday, and we assure the ladies that they will find many bonnets there that they will at sight call sweet, etc.

Emporia News, June 3, 1870.

Newman & Bro. are selling more goods per week since they moved into their new store than they ever did before, a fact that we were very much gratified to learn, and which we are pleased to tell to our readers. Let all who are glad to hear it give them a call, and we are sure their sales will still be enlarged.

Emporia News, June 10, 1870.

                                                        ARKANSAS CITY.

                                 Its Advantageous Location and Flattering Prospects.

The above is the name of a new town located on the site lately occupied by the Creswell town company.

It is located near the junction of the Arkansas and Walnut Rivers, and is surrounded by extensive and rich valleys of land, and plenty of timber. It is at the point where a railroad down the Walnut Valley will form a junction with one up the Arkansas Valley, both of which will be built at no distant day.

It possesses a splendid water power, which Messrs. Beedy & Newman are under contract to improve by the erection of a water flouring and saw mill at an early day.

It now has a splendid steam mill in successful operation, owned by Major Sleeth, late of El Dorado. A shingle manufactory will be in running order in a very few days.

Twelve buildings are up and in process of construction, among which is Woolsey’s hotel, which has a front of fifty feet on the street, and is thirty-two feet deep. There are in the town at present four stores, one hardware, one grocery store, and two that keep a general stock.

Twenty-six buildings are under contract to be put up just as soon as the lumber can be obtained. Among these we may mention buildings for lumber yard and carpenter shop, bakery, restaurant, boot and shoe store, drug store, clothing store, dry goods and clothing store, meat market, stage and express office, book store, cabinet shop, residences, etc.

The Southern Kansas Stage Company will commence running a tri-weekly line of hacks to Arkansas City in about ten days, carrying mail twice a week from El Dorado. They have become interested in the town, and will immediately put up large stables, and make this their headquarters for the stage and express business in Southwestern Kansas.

Many of the new business houses to be put up are large two-story buildings. Among these is a town hall, 25 x 40 feet. A schoolhouse will be erected during the summer.

A ferry will be put in running order across the Arkansas at this point, at an early day, and it is thought much of the Texas cattle business will be done at Arkansas City this summer.

Native lumber is furnished cheaper than at any point in Southern Kansas. Stone is plenty.

A newspaper will be established here during the season. For this object the company offer liberal inducements.

The town company offer great inducements to settlers. No lots are sold, but they are given away to those who will build business houses and residences.

There are plenty of good claims within two to five miles of the town.

The people are enterprising, wide awake, and will do all in their power to assist newcomers.

One or more churches will probably be built this season.

The Arkansas and Walnut Valleys are unsurpassed in the West for fertility of soil, and plentiful supply of timber.

Water has been obtained in Arkansas City at a depth of sixteen feet.

Now is the time to settle in that portion of the country if newcomers want first choice.

Emporia News, July 29, 1870.

Mr. A. A. Newman is having a two-story house built on Sixth Avenue, near Market Street, for Mr. A. N. Harlin, of Boston, Massachusetts. It will be for rent when completed. The first floor will make a good business room, for which it is designed.

Emporia News, August 5, 1870.

A. A. Newman has gone East after new goods.

Emporia News, August 19, 1870.

A. A. Newman is in New York buying goods. The first installment, consisting of a mammoth stock of blankets, flannels, hosiery, coverlets, crash and table linens, etc., has arrived, and they are looking for the arrival of a general assortment of other goods in a few days.  [Yes, they used the word “crash”...???]

Item put in by RKW...

The Arkansas City Traveler of August 24, 1870, made this announcement.

“We in the Walnut Valley have heretofore suffered great inconvenience for lack of a flouring mill. There is no gristmill south of Cottonwood. The price of flour has been high in consequence. But our farmers generally preferred to pay it, rather than haul grain fifty or a hundred miles to a mill.

“Now however a change is at hand. A wealthy and enterprising firm has fully contracted to begin work on a sawmill and gristmill at this point. The water power on the Walnut River is one of the very best in Kansas—sufficient to run four stones the year round. The contract provides that the mill be completed October 1871.”

Emporia News, August 26, 1870.

Newman Bros. are still receiving goods, notwithstanding their shelves are full, their counters loaded, and every corner heaped with everything imaginable.

Emporia News, September 9, 1870.

A. A. Newman returned last week from New York. Their large storeroom will hardly contain the goods he bought, and which are being received daily.

Emporia News, September 16, 1870.

Millinery! Millinery!! at Wholesale and Retail. They have a large and beautiful stock at Newman & Bro’s, 109 Sixth Avenue, just received from New York, consisting of the latest style of Hats, Bonnets, Ribbons, Feathers, Flowers, Velvets, Laces, and everything in the line of Millinery, together with a splendid assortment of fancy articles for ladies’ wear. Elegant Roman Sashes, the first ever brought to Emporia. Also plain and fancy ribbons for sashes; collars of thread and print lace, Valenciennes, Cluny, etc., of the newest styles; Guipure and thread lace for trimming; Swiss, Cambric, and Hamburg edgings in great variety.

Emporia News, September 23, 1870.

For Sale. One five acre lot in Goodrich’s addition to the town of Emporia. Lot fenced and broke, and one hundred apple trees set out last spring. A splendid chance for Market Gardening. Will be sold cheap, partly on time if desired. Inquire of T. H. McLaughlin, at Newman & Bros. store.

Emporia News, September 23, 1870.


It was our pleasure to spend a few minutes in the handsome millinery establishment of Mrs. Newman the other day, examining the wonderful works of art in that line. The perfection to which the manufacturer of artificial flowers has been brought is one of the wonders of the age. The delicate tints, brilliancy, and harmonious blending of colors, the imitation of nature in all the minutiae that attached to the natural growth and even accident in the lives of the tender ornaments of the natural world, are so skillfully and tastefully portrayed as to surpass in beauty and form even the flowers they were made to represent. Only the fragrance and microscopic peculiarities of the natural are wanting in the artificial to render them equal in value and attractiveness. The skill of human hands, as demonstrated by the exhibitions of Mrs. Newman and Mrs. Kidder, is not confined to their flowers. We were shown a “perfect love of a bonnet,” which our knowledge of terms peculiar to the world of women and fashion is too limited to attempt to describe. Suffice it to say that it cost sixty dollars, and is the prettiest object of the kind we ever beheld. The point lace collars, gorgeous sashes, etc., with which the fair sex adorn their persons, shown to us on this occasion, excited alike our wonder and admiration. The more substantial necessities of domestic economy are to be found in profusion in the store below. A visit to this establishment, reader, will recompense you for coming miles to see.

Emporia News, October 7, 1870.

Newman Bros. are disposing of their immense stock in a lively manner. We stepped into the store the other day, just as they were sending out an order of over $1,200 worth of goods, and as they did not seem to think it a big thing, of course we had to conclude it was nothing unusual.

Walnut Valley Times, December 9, 1870.

                                                      COWLEY COUNTY.

From the Arkansas City Traveler of November the 30 we take the following.

Mr. Beedy is here, and has commenced work upon his water-power. We shall soon have running at this point the best saw-mill and grist-mill in Kansas. Mr. Beedy is a mill-wright of extensive means, and of many years experience. He has built mills on many rivers, from Maine to Oregon. Our people need not entertain the slightest doubt about the matter. Beedy & Newman mean business.

RKW also inserted the following information:

“Mrs. Albert (Mate) Newman said that the mill was built with the grain-receiving bin higher up on the bank of the river. The grain slid by gravity down chutes to the grinder. The mill therefore was built on the east side of the Walnut River where Kansas Avenue intersects the river. The dam extended to the west.”

Emporia News, December 9, 1870.

                                       ARKANSAS CITY—RAPID GROWTH.

This new town, located at the junction of Walnut and Arkansas Rivers, is building up rapidly. We glean a few items in relation to the town from the report of the President—Prof. H. B. Norton—and Executive Committee of the town company, made at a meeting of said Company held in this place last Monday.

The first building was completed in April last, and by a liberal policy in donating lots to those who would build thereon, fifty-six buildings are now up and occupied; twenty more are in process of construction, and will be completed within the next twenty days; twenty-five others are under contract to be built as soon as the materials can be had. It is believed that over 100 buildings will be completed by the 15th of January. This is now the largest town in the Walnut Valley, leaving out El Dorado.

The buildings now occupied include some of good dimensions, such as the City Hotel, just erected by the Town Company, which has a basement and two stories, and the main part being 25 x 30 feet. Many of the business houses are 25 x 40 and two stories high. The Woolsey house, which is in running order, is 22 x 34, with a two-story wing nearly as large.

Among the branches of business now being carried on is the following: Carpenters, dry goods, harness shop, boarding houses, millinery and dress making, land office, bakery, grocery, restaurant, paint shop, blacksmithing, livery stable, wagon making, billiard hall, hotels, hardware and stoves, tin ship, drug store, printing office, clothing store, candle factory, meat market, jewelry store, shoe shop, feed store, soap factory, etc.

Trade is good in the town, and as the Walnut and Arkansas valleys are rich and arable for miles, the country will be thickly settled, and business will steadily grow better. It is so situated, also, as to command the trade of several tribes of Indians, in their new homes in the Indian Territory.

Parties are erecting a large building for the sale and manufacture of agricultural implements; also, for a town hall 25 x 60 feet. Another hotel is underway to be 30 x 50 feet in size, two stories high.

The Southern Kansas Italian Immigration Society has made Arkansas City its headquarters, and has already erected a building for an office. Two hundred families will be located in the vicinity, by the agent, who is already making arrangements for them, early in the Spring. They will engage in silk and grape culture.

The total number of lots donated, so far, for the benefit of the town, by the Company, 253. A large number more are yet to be donated.

A ferry is now running over the Walnut River at the town, and one will soon be running over the Arkansas, and arrangements are being made to cross Texas cattle at this place next season. A road has been laid out south to intersect the well known Chisholm trail, and traders pronounce the route via Arkansas City superior in every respect to the Western trail.

Two of the best saw mills in Southern Kansas are running day and night at Arkansas City, and they cannot supply the demand for lumber. Two shingle machines are also in operation, and to one of the mills is being added a lath mill and gig-saw.

Beedy & Newman who entered into contract last season to improve the water-power near the place, are already at work on a large water mill, which will be running next summer.

The flow of immigration to the town and country is steadily increasing, and the demand for town lots on the liberal terms offered by the company, was never so great as now.

The company will obtain title for their site at an early day, and the town will have a growth next season which will be rapid and permanent. Few towns in Southern Kansas have a better location.

Emporia News, December 30, 1870.

The officers of Emporia Chapter No. 12 and Emporia Lodge No. 12, A. F. and A. M., were installed on Friday evening last. The officers of the chapter are:

                                                  A. A. Newman, M. 3rd Vail.


Emporia News, January 20, 1871.


                                                   NEWMAN & BROTHER.

Emporia News, January 20, 1871.

There is not a handsomer or better kept stock of dry goods in anybody’s town than can be seen in Newman Bros.’ establishment, this city.

Emporia News, February 17, 1871.

Thirteen singers met Wednesday night at the residence of Mr. A. A. Newman, to rehearse the cantata of “The Haymakers,” with a view of giving a concert some evening.

Emporia News, March 10, 1871.

Newman’s Bro.’s sidewalk was piled high with boxes, the other day, from which people said they had received new goods. They keep the neatest store in Kansas, and if they do not have the best of goods, good taste goes for naught in purchasing, and everybody!—well, everybody says they do keep good goods.

Emporia News, April 14, 1871.

Read the splendid large advertisement of Messrs. Newman & Bro. They have just received as fine a stock of dry goods as has ever been brought to this market. Silks and poplins, prints and ginghams, broadcloths and cassimeres, doeskins and tweeds, boots and shoes, hats and caps, and carpets of all kinds and qualities fill their fine storeroom on Sixth avenue as it has never been filled before. Their stock of millinery is also unsurpassed. It would take all the fine words in the dictionary to appropriately describe the beautiful things Mrs. Newman can show you if you will drop in to see them. Their prices are most reasonable.


Emporia News, April 21, 1871.

                                             NEW GOODS!! NEW GOODS!!

Wholesale and Retail.

                                                        NEWMAN & BRO.

Have just received from the Importers and Manufacturers the largest line of Spring and Summer DRESS GOODS Ever brought to Emporia, and will sell at LOWER PRICES than ever.

Black Silks, All Qualities.

Japanese Silks and Poplins, Striped and Checked.

Plain and Fancy SILKS.

Silk Warp Pongees,

Silk Warp Diagonals,

Silk Warp SERGES,

Silk Warp Epinglines,

French Figured Grenadines,


Swiss Mulls,




French Welts, White and Buff.

French and English Prints, French Lawns, Buff Linen Lawns, Buff Linen for suits.

Percales, Marsailes, Piques, French, Scotch, and Chambray Ginghams.


BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, CAPS, Broadcloths, Cassimeres, Diagonals, Doeskins,  Tweeds, Cottonades, Denims, Etc.

Prints and Muslin by the case, bolt or yard.

                                  LIBERAL DISCOUNTS MADE TO DEALERS.

Emporia News, April 28, 1871.

Read the card of Mrs. Newman and Mrs. Kidder in another column, and then go and examine their stock of millinery.

Emporia News, May 5, 1871.



A. A. Newman

T. H. McLaughlin.

O. P. Houghton.


Emporia News, May 12, 1871.

                                               BEEDY & NEWMAN’S MILL.

Without any noise or ostentation, a great work is going on in our midst. Mr. Beedy, with a strong force, is steadily pushing ahead. The dam is almost completed; the machinery for the sawmill has been ordered; the whole establishment will be in running order by October 1st.

A careful estimate gives, at the lowest stage of water, an available force of 270 horse power. Three powerful turbines will at once be put in position; a grist mill, having three run of stones, a sawmill, a lath and shingle mill, will all be speedily running at this point.

The sawmill is about ready to raise. It is thirty-five by fifty-five feet. The flouring mill is 35 x 40 feet, four stories high.

The water power is amply sufficient to run the above mentioned machinery, leaving a large power available for other purposes; of which, more anon.

We cannot too strongly thank, or highly compliment, the business energy which has thus dared to push out into the wilderness, and rear such costly buildings in advance of all productive industry. It will bring its own reward. The people of Cowley County will certainly owe much to Messrs. Beedy and Newman for the good work in which they are engaged. Arkansas City Traveler.

Emporia News, July 7, 1871.

                                      COUNCIL PROCEEDINGS. July 3, 1871.

Col. J. M. Steele declining to serve as an appraiser of the lots fronting on Commercial street between 3rd and 7th avenue for the purpose of assessing against them the curbing, guttering, and macadamizing of the street, Mr. A. A. Newman was appointed instead.

Emporia News, July 21, 1871.

                                                        DISTRICT COURT.

Eliza J. Bell vs. J. B. Bell; judgment against A. A. Newman, garnishee for $21.39, and accruing costs.

Emporia News, July 28, 1871.

A. A. Newman and wife left for the east Monday, where they will spend several weeks.

Emporia News, August 18, 1871.

Newman & Bro. opened a huge pile of boxes yesterday, and “new goods” is their battle cry. They are selling at prices low enough to draw money out of anybody’s pocket, even in these tight times.

Emporia News, August 25, 1871.

                                                        ARKANSAS CITY.

We [Stotler] spent a few days in this beautiful and thriving young town, which sets upon an elevation at the junction of the Arkansas and Walnut Rivers. We were perfectly delighted with the town and surrounding country. If we were going to change our location in this State, we would go to Arkansas City as quick as we could get there. Its location is good for at least two railroads, one down the Walnut and one through the Arkansas valley. The Arkansas valley is much broader and more fertile than we had expected to find it. We firmly believe the Arkansas Valley soil will excel every section in the State in corn and vegetable crops.

In Cowley and Sumner Counties nearly every quarter section has upon it a bona fide settler. Fortunately the speculators were not allowed to get their clutches on an acre of it. On account of this heavy settlement, Arkansas City is bound to have a good trade. She will also receive a share of the Texas trade.

This town has over 100 buildings. Among the rest, and about the largest and best, is the city hotel, kept by our friend, H. O. Meigs. It is the best kept hotel in the Walnut Valley. The table is supplied with good, substantial food, and what is not the case with all tables, it is clean and well cooked; altogether, this is the cleanest, best ventilated, and most homelike public house we have found in our travels lately.

We found here a large number of old Emporia men in business, among whom we may mention O. P. Houghton, Judge McIntire and sons, the Mortons, Charley Sipes, Mr. Page, Mr. Beck, and others. They are all doing well, and have unlimited faith in their town and county.

Beedy & Newman are building a large water mill near the town. They have already expended $8,000 in the enterprise, and will soon be ready for sawing.

Close to the town we found Max Fawcett upon a beautiful piece of land amid grape vines, trees, shrubs, and flowers. He is testing the capabilities of the soil for all kinds of fruits, and has so far the best encouragement. Wherever he is, Max. will be a public benefactor.

We shall go to Arkansas City again in two or three years on the cars. We shall ride up to Meigs’ hotel in a comfortable bus from the depot, and see a town of two thousand inhabitants. You see if we don’t. Cowley is the prettiest, healthiest, and most fertile county we have seen in the State.

Emporia News, September 22, 1871.


We neglected last week to note the return of our popular and wide awake merchant, A. A. Newman, who had been in the east for several weeks, where he bought an immense stock of goods, part of which has already arrived, and the balance will be opened this week. Mrs. Newman accompanied Mr. Newman and purchased heavily for the millinery establishment connected with the store. These goods were expected last evening. This will undoubtedly be good news for the ladies of Emporia.

Emporia News, September 22, 1871.

We learn that the farmers hereabouts are making preparations to sow winter wheat largely this fall. It is the right thing to do. No one should neglect it.

Beedy and Newman will be ready to grind it as soon as harvested. By next fall there will be a heavy demand for flour coming up from the new settlers in the Indian country.

Arkansas City Traveler.

Winfield Messenger, November 1, 1872.

AD: GRINDING. The Arkansas City Water Mill, on the Walnut, is now in successful operation. Custom grinding at all hours. Shelling and bolting without extra charge. BEEDY & NEWMAN, Proprietors.


Winfield Courier, Saturday, January 11, 1873.

The following bills were presented and rejected.

Newman & Houghton, laid over endorsing the County Attorney’s decision.

L. M. McLaughlin, laid over with same action as Newman & Houghton.

Bills allowed:

Newman & Houghton, goods for pauper: $7.45

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 13, 1873.



                                                       MARCH 9TH, 1873.

Action on bills against the county as follows:

L. M. McLaughlin, for coffin furnished pauper in Pleasant Valley Township: Claimed: $12.00. Allowed: $10.00

Bills laid over and rejected as follows:

Bill of Newman, H & Sherburne, not itemized.

Winfield Courier, September 25, 1874.

                                                    Items from the Traveler.


Since the raise of the Arkansas, large shoals of cat and buffalo fish can be seen on the rocks near, and under, Newman’s mill. We never saw so many before. The boys amuse themselves by trying to drop large stones on them as they swim by.


Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

                                             CIVIL DOCKET. FOURTH DAY.

                             No. 469. Wyland J. Keffer, vs. Albert A. Newman, et al.


Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

New Flour. J. P. Woodyard purchased 300 bushels of wheat of A. A. Newman last week, at ninety cents per bushel, and will grind it this week.


Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Cowley County, away down here on the Indian border, is running over with peace and plenty. Her crops were so abundant, the days so delightful, the nights so delicious, her people happy and contented, that indeed:

“If there’s peace to be found in the world,

             A heart that was humble, might hope for it here!”

Arkansas City has the most enterprise, the wealthier mer­chants, and one newspaper well supported by her businessmen. Her merchants advertise extensively, and are drawing a large trade which naturally belongs to Winfield. One of her firms, A. A. Newman & Co., have the government contract to furnish Pawnee Agency with 750,000 pounds of flour, delivered at the Agency. This, besides aiding our wheat market, will furnish employment for a large number of teams. The distance is ninety miles.

                                               THE WINFIELD COURIER.

                                                     CENTENNIAL ISSUE.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 6, 1876.

                                                         ARKANSAS CITY

is located upon a beautiful rise of ground commanding an enchant­ing view of the Arkansas and Walnut valleys. It is about four miles North of the South and six miles East of the West line of the county. The Arkansas passes about one-half mile West, and the Walnut about one-half mile East of the town site and form a junction about two miles and a half to the southeast.

In 1870 the following enterprises were established and were the first of the kind in the city: C. R. Sipes’ hardware store; Sleeth & Bro. saw mill; Richard Woolsey, hotel; Newman & Houghton clothing house (first in the county); Paul Beck, blacksmith shop; E. D. Bowen grocery store; Keith & Eddy drug store; J. I. Mitchell Harness shop; T. A. Wilkinson, restaurant and boarding house; Wm. Speers, first ferry across Arkansas River.


About one year after the organization of Adelphi, a dispen­sation was granted to the craft at Arkansas City, and in due time they received a charter under the name of Crescent Lodge, No. 133, with O. S. Smith, W. M.; E. B. Kager, S. W. Dexter Lodge is spoken of elsewhere.

On the 15th of March, 1875, a dispensation was granted M. L. Read, H. P.; M. C. Baker, K.; John D. Pryor, Scribe; W. C. Robinson, C. H.; A. Howland, P. S.; W. G. Graham, R. A. C.; J. W. Johnston, M. 3rd V.; P. Hill, M. 1st V.; A. A. Newman, member. October 19th, a charter was issued to them under the name Winfield Chapter, R. A. M., No. 31; and on the 26th of the same month the Chapter was instituted by J. C. Bennett, of Emporia. A list of the officers for this year was published last week. This branch of Masonry here is in good working order and in a healthy condition financially.

Haywood a relative of Newman...

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.    

                                                      Channell & Haywood’s.

More goods given away for less money than at any store in Cowley Co. Groceries, Stoneware, and Woodenware, Shelf and Heavy Hardware, Grainite Water. Agricultural implements of every kind! A carload of Studebaker Wagons just received. 150 Gang and Sulky Plows, and Common Breaking and Stirring Plows, will be in by January 1st, 1876.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.    

                                                               Dry Goods!

                                  A. A. NEWMAN & CO., Arkansas City, Kansas.

Our Fall Purchase of Dry Goods, Clothing, etc., has arrived, and we now offer, at challenging prices, the best line of Dry Goods, Clothing, Carpets, Silks, Hats, Caps, Boots, and Shoes ever put on the market in Southern Kansas.

Our trade is not confined to Arkansas City alone: we are willing to compete with or duplicate the prices of Wichita, Leavenworth, or Kansas City. If you don’t believe it, come and see. Our stock of Dry Goods embraces all the latest patterns in prints, and the very best Dress Goods. We have a fine assortment of Farmers, Boys, and Girls Boots, Shoes, and Rubbers. Also, Ladies’ and Gents’ Sewed Boots and Slippers. In Hats and Caps we have every variety, from the Cheapest to the Finest and Most Fashionable Styles. Buck Gloves, Mittens, Muffs, and Comforts.

White and Colored Shirts and Underwear.

Flannels, Muslins, Sheetings, Jeans, etc.

Prints Seven Cents per Yard!

Every variety of Gents’ and Boys’ Clothing, with prices to suit any. WE CAN GIVE YOU A FULL SUIT FROM $5 TO $50.

Sherburne also was a relative of Newman.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.    

                                                            A Rare Chance!

Don’t Fail to be Benefitted By it! $10,000.000 worth of Dry Goods at Cost!

                  For 30 days—From January 20 to February 20, 1876. For Cash Only!

We have on hand a large stock of fall and winter goods purchased in New York and Boston. This Fall, when Goods were Lower than they have been for fifteen years, and we Are Bound to Sell Them To Make Room For Our Spring Stock!  Consequently, we will, as stated above, sell at cost for the time mentioned—namely, 30 days. Come and See for Yourselves!  We will sell you more goods for less money than you ever bought before. Respectfully,

                                                   J. H. SHERBURNE & CO.

Newman and some of his relatives were involved in the “Cowley County Bank.”

Note by RKW: This was the northeast corner of Fifth Avenue and Summit Street. The location is now a portion of the Home National Bank in Arkansas City.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.    


                                              A. A. NEWMAN, PRESIDENT.

                                           W. M. SLEETH, VICE PRESIDENT.

                                                  H. P. FARRAR, CASHIER.

Does a General Banking Business. Interest Allowed on Time Deposits. Domestic and Foreign Exchange Bought and Sold. School Bonds a Specialty.

Collections promptly attended to.


In this issue “Observer” was C. M. Scott...


Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876. Front Page.

                                              ARKANSAS CITY, Jan. 4, 1876.

In my last letter I informed you that Newman & Co. were building a fine brick store room 25 by 100 feet. The fine weather or some other cause has struck S. P. Channell & Co. with the same fever, so that they are now at work digging out the basement, to erect a new brick store room alongside of Newman’s, 25 by 100 feet, same style and finish; and from the way that Houghton & McLaughlin look across the street and see those two splendid brick stores going up, I shouldn’t be astonished if they caught the fever also, and by spring another new brick store will go up on the opposite corner. “Example is a wonderful teacher.”

Pitch in gentlemen, the investment is a safe one, in the opinion of a casual


Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.

The Beethoven Singing Society met at the frame church last Friday evening, and elected the following officers.

President, E. D. Bowen.

Vice President, C. R. Sipes.

Treasurer, Miss Eva Swarts.

Secretary, Mrs. A. A. Newman.

Organist, Mrs. R. C. Haywood.

Director, Prof. E. W. Hulse.

A concert will be given within three weeks.

The following gives an indication that Newman relatives, Houghton and McLaughlin were now living in Arkansas City. O. P. Houghton was mayor at this time.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.    

                                              HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN

Have the largest stock of Dry Goods, Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, Clothing! And Notions, in the Walnut Valley, which they will sell for the next Sixty Days!  Cheaper than any House in the Valley for Ready Pay. We will trade for Cash, Wheat, Oats, Corn, Furs, and Hides, Cattle, Horses, or Mules. We are going to sell!

Our stock of groceries, as usual, is complete, fresh, and cheap!


Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.

RECAP: Albert A. Newman, plaintiff, vs. Edwin L. Chesney and Lewis H. Gardner, defendants. Sum: $1,096.35. Order for the sale of lots one and two and the south half of the northeast quarter of section two in township thirty-four south of range three east, in Cowley County, to satisfy said judgment, attorney’s fees, taxes, and costs, according to the three promis­sory notes and the mortgage given by Edwin L. Chesney to Lewis H. Gardner.

                                      E. S. BEDILION, Clerk of the District Court.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 2, 1876.

Mr. Newman and J. L. Stubbs returned from the Pawnee Agency, last Monday, well pleased with their visit.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 2, 1876.

SOLD OUT. R. A. Houghton has sold his half-interest in the dry goods store to A. A. Newman. Rube says it don’t pay to sell goods on close figures, and then have a man run off every now and then owing him a hundred dollars.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 2, 1876.

A Union Social will be given by Mrs. Newman and Mrs. C. R. Mitchell at Pearson’s Hall, on Wednesday evening, Feb. 9. A cordial invitation is extended to all, and a good time will doubtless be had.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 9, 1876. Front Page.

                                          ARKANSAS CITY, February 8, 1876.

Editor Traveler:

In company with A. A. Newman, we recently paid a visit to the Pawnee Agency, and at your request, will give you a few items.

We left Arkansas City on Thursday. Owing to the rains of late, and the heavy freights that have passed over the road, it was very much cut up; but it is a natural route, and with a few days’ work, would make the best road in this section. Would it not be a wise move for the citizens of this place to take mea­sures to have some improvements made on it?

We arrived at the Agency Friday afternoon; found Agent Burgess and family comfortably located in their new quarters, and to whom we are under obligations for their hospitality, and for much information relative to the progress of the Indians, their management, etc.

The tribe numbers about 2,400 persons. Their Reserva­tion as contemplated embraces near 600,000 acres of land. While there is sufficient good land for all farming purposes, the proportion of good land is not so great as that between here and there; but it is adapted to stock growing, being well watered and timbered.

A portion of the tribe moved on their Reservation in June last, since which time they have broken 400 acres of prairie, 90 of which is in fall wheat, and looks fine. Thirty buildings have been erected, principally for the use of employees. This in­cludes a large frame barn, with stabling capacity for fifty horses, granaries, etc. A saw mill has also been erected, at a cost of about $5,000, with which they have cut near 200,000 feet of lumber. An office of cut stone is under process of construc­tion, and when completed, will be a very handsome structure. A very superior quality of building stone is found within easy reach of the Agency—mostly sandstone, but there is a sufficiency of limestone for all purposes.

Indian labor is employed as far as practicable, and they manifest considerable of skill in the use of tools, etc. Quite a  number of full blood Indians are serving apprenticeships at the different trades, and we were informed by those over them that they take quite an interest in their work, and seem anxious to learn.

A day school is in progress, conducted by Miss Burgess and Mrs. Longshore, with an average attendance of 90 scholars, an equal number of boys and girls—something unusual for Indians, as they are almost universally opposed to the education of their girls, and their prejudices can only be overcome by time and an unlimited amount of patience. It being Saturday, we did not have an opportunity of visiting the school, but were informed that they are easily governed, and learn quite readily, several of them being able to read quite intelligently, having only been in school a little over a year.

A portion of their tribe are on their annual hunt, but meeting with poor success. They draw an annuity of $30,000, $15,000 of which they receive in annuity goods. The balance is paid them in cash, semi-annually.

We were shown Indians, who, two years ago, were the wildest of their tribe, but who are now wearing citizens’ clothes, and are evidently anxious to settle down to farming pursuits and follow the “white man’s road.”

The health of the tribe is not so good as on their old Reservation, owing probably to the change of climate. Their sanitary interests are cared for by Dr. Lamb, a very pleasant gentleman and a thorough practitioner.

Agent Burgess has had charge of the tribe for three years, and under his efficient management it is evident the Indians are making rapid strides toward civilization, which is nothing more than a just recompense for his efforts, as he is heartily engaged in his work, and certainly has a very rational method of dealing with his “children,” and if permitted to continue his administra­tion a few years, we may expect to see them become self-sustaining.J. L. S.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 9, 1876.

At the annual meeting of the stockholders of the Cowley County Bank yesterday W. M. Sleeth, T. H. McLaughlin, R. C. Haywood, H. O. Meigs, and A. A. Newman were elected Directors for the year: A. A. Newman, President; W. M. Sleeth, Vice President; H. P. Farrar, Cashier and Secretary.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 16, 1876.

NEW HOUSE. James Allen has the frame erected for a neat residence on First East street, near Mr. Newman’s. The site is one of the most desirable in town, and was given him by the City, under promise he would build.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 23, 1876.

MR. NEWMAN has a $225 pony team—the prettiest to be found in this vicinity.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 1, 1876.

The rut between this place and Newman’s mill has a culvert built over it.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 1, 1876.

Work continues on Newman’s and Haywood’s block; it will cost near $7,000 when completed.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876. Front Page.

                                                   From the Spirit of Kansas.

As another evidence of our growth and prosperity as a five-year-old county, I will state what I believe to be true, from the best information I can get—that for the past five months there have been shipped from Cowley County, on an average, twenty wagon loads of wheat per day, averaging thirty-five bushels to the load—making in all over 107,000 bushels of wheat. I have counted as many as sixty loads per day between this place and Wichita. Some 2,000 bushels of wheat were shipped from our town in one day by Houghton & McLaughlin.

As another evidence of the prosperity of our farmers along the line, one firm in this city—Channell & Haywood (and they are not Grange agents, either)—sold during the past summer and fall 25 wagons, 85 plows, 42 reapers and mowers, 45 cultivators, 3 threshing machines, 10 wheat drills, 6 seeders, 15 sulky rakes, 2 sorghum mills, 10 fanning mills, besides a large number of small farming implements. It is no uncommon sight to see forty or fifty farm wagons in our town in a day.

And every once in awhile, our merchants send large amounts of flour into the Indian Nation to feed the noble red man and his interesting family. In one week, Channell & Haywood, the firm above alluded to, sent over 20,000 pounds of flour to the Sac & Foxes. Newman & Co., the same week sent 25,000 pounds on an 800,000 pound contract with the Osages.

But, notwithstanding these large exports of wheat and flour, our people are not happy. They want a railroad, and at the least mention of the words “railroad meeting,” the people flock togeth­er to see and hear what is going on.

A few weeks ago we had one of the most enthusiastic railroad meetings at Winfield I have ever attended. There must have been 1,500 people on the ground. This city sent a delegation of about 100 of her best citizens, accompanied by our famous silver cornet band.

The usual events of dying, marrying, and being born are still going on, and our city has its quota of each. As the two latter are gaining on the former, it necessitates the building of more houses, both public and private.

I notice preparations for quite a number of new dwellings to be put up this spring. O. P. Houghton, one of our leading mer­chants, has commenced hauling the brick and putting in the sills of his new residence. The Rev. S. B. Fleming is having a neat brick parsonage built that will be ready for occupation in a couple of months. Our grocery merchants, Page & Godehard, each contemplate building this spring. We hear of others who will need a house soon. Our Methodist brethren have contracted for a new church to be completed by the first of June.      OBSERVER.

                                                   Arkansas City, February 27.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

A. A. NEWMAN purchased the entire stock of Sherburne & Stubbs last week, and moved all but the groceries to his store room. We learn that R. A. Houghton purchased the groceries of Mr. Newman and intends keeping a grocery store. He has engaged Mr. S. J. Mantor to take charge of the groceries.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

The Centennial Concert, rendered at the First Church last Saturday evening, by the church choir, was attended by more than one hundred persons. The introduction was made by Rev. Fleming in a manner that did credit to himself and gave spirit to the audience. The musical efforts were of high standing, and attend­ed with success. The characters were interesting and somewhat comical. It struck us as a little funny to see Ethan Allen with his hair parted in the middle, and wearing white pants. George Washington, of the little hatchet fame, was introduced as the father of his country, and afterwards exhibited his skill on the organ in a manner that was “not so slow” for so aged a gentleman.

The characters represented were as follows.

                                            Mrs. John Hancock - Mrs. Newman.

Winfield Courier, March 23, 1876.

                                                      District Court Docket.

The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the April term A. D. 1876, of the District Court of Cowley, and have been placed on the Trial Docket in the following order.

                                             CIVIL DOCKET. FOURTH DAY.

                                           A. A. Newman vs. E. L. Chesney et al.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Mr. Newman and Silas Parker visited the noble nomads of the far West, at the Kaw Agency, this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

MR. A. A. NEWMAN left this morning for New York and Boston, where he will purchase his spring and summer stock of Dry Goods. His present stock is a very large one, and when the new one comes on, it will evidently be the largest in Cowley County. Mr. Newman is a merchant of many years experience, and knows when and where to meet a good market.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

The dam at Newman’s mill has been in danger for several days past.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

J. L. STUBBS is at present clerking in George Newman’s store in Emporia.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 26, 1876.

NEWMAN and CHANNELL & HAYWOOD are building two two-story store rooms, with fifty feet front by 100 feet deep, of brick.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 10, 1876.

NEW GOODS this week at Houghton & McLaughlin’s and A. A. Newman’s.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 10, 1876.

The Ladies’ Society of the Presbyterian Church will meet at Mr. A. A. Newman’s this afternoon at 2 o’clock.

Have never been able to find out if Channell was related to Newman family...MAW

Arkansas City Traveler, May 17, 1876.

MR. AND MRS. CHANNELL will rusticate this summer in the East. Also, Mrs. Newman.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 17, 1876.

The store room of A. A. Newman is crowded to overflowing with his new stock of goods, and the tongues and heels of the proprietor and three clerks are almost constantly in motion. They have everything in the dry goods line, at prices lower than ever, new hats, new shoes, new dress patterns, new clothing, and all the new spring and summer goods are piled up to the ceiling. Call in before the goods are put on the shelves or stowed under the counter if you want to see a model stock.

Cowley County Democrat, May 18, 1876.

                                                      Arkansas City Items.

Newman, Channell, and Haywood’s brick buildings swarm with workmen and are rising every day.

Houghton & McLaughlin, and Newman are rolling in a big stock of goods, and the people are taking them off right along. They propose to duplicate Wichita or any other prices.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 24, 1876.

NEWMAN & CO. sold $500 dollars worth of goods last Saturday.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 24, 1876.

THE DAM AT NEWMAN’S MILL has been washed around on the west side so that the whole current of the river passes through the break. They are at work on it, and expect to have it repaired soon. With the bridge being gone, things look desolate about the mill at present.


Arkansas City Traveler, May 31, 1876.

What Cowley County is to the State, Bolton Township is to Cowley County, the banner wheat raising district. Unless a farmer has over sixty acres of wheat in his field, it is called a “patch.” A. A. Newman & Co. will harvest 200 acres; Reuben Bowers, 187; Henry Pruden, 165; Frank Lorry, 150; E. B. Kager, 150; Oscar Palmer, 150; the Beard Bros., 100; and we don’t know how many farmers 50 and 75 acre fields of the best wheat in the State. The majority of the farmers will use “Headers,” thus saving the expense of binding and shocking the grain. Of course, Bolton wants a railroad. We were told by one of her leading citizens that the township would not cast three dissenting votes to any railroad bond proposition that the Commissioners might submit, whether east, west, north, or south, it matters not to them, they all want a railroad. Courier.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 31, 1876.

A ferry across the Walnut at Newman’s Mill or Harmon’s ford would pay.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 7, 1876.

A crib has been put in at Newman’s mill, and they will grind soon.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 7, 1876.

The crossing is bad and dangerous at the ford at Newman’s mill. We know it.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 14, 1876.

GONE EAST. Mrs. Newman, Mrs. Haywood, and S. P. Channell and wife left for oriental quarters this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 14, 1876.

A wagon load of fish was left on dry land when the bank washed out from the dam at Newman’s mill, last Sunday.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 14, 1876.

MR. NEWMAN has charge of the Water Mills on the Walnut once more, and will see that all who come with grists are accommodated.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 14, 1876.

The marriage ceremony of Mr. Kennedy and Miss Norton was performed by Rev. J. E. Platter, last Wednesday evening, at the residence of Mr. L. C. Norton, and was highly complimented by the competent judges who were in attendance. Mr. and Mrs. Haywood, Mr. and Mrs. Loomis, E. D. Eddy, Miss Sherburne, Mr. Kennedy’s brother, J. H. Sherburne, Mr. and Mrs. Newman, Mrs. Sherburne, and Mr. Burgess, constituted the party, with the parents and members of the family of the bride.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 5, 1876.

CHANNELL & HAYWOOD’s new store room will be completed, and the goods moved in within the next two weeks. Mr. Newman expects to move in his new room this fall.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 26, 1876.

NEWMAN’S mill is grinding again.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 26, 1876.

AT LAST!  The Arkansas City Water Mills are now prepared to do custom grinding. All work done in short order, and satisfac­tion guaranteed. Bring in your grists. A. A. NEWMAN.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 9, 1876.

MR. JOHN GRIMES has sold his wagon shop to Mr. Cline, lately located here, who will conduct the business at the old stand, in the rear of Franklin’s blacksmith shop. Mr. Grimes is working at Newman’s mill.


Arkansas City Traveler, August 9, 1876.

We are informed that Mr. A. A. Newman has offered to build the piers of the old bridge four or five feet higher if the township will bear the expense of putting a new bridge across. This is an offer our people cannot afford to ignore, as the expense on their part will be slight—a mere song, in fact—compared with that of building a new one entire. Considerable of the iron and other material of the former structure can be utilized with little work, thus throwing a large portion of the cost on Mr. Newman. Our businessmen should not remain blind to their interests any longer, but see to it that the bridge is built, either through the voting of bonds or private subscrip­tions, as its absence only serves to drive trade to Winfield. It can hardly be called policy to save at the spigot and lose at the bung.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 16, 1876.

NEWMAN received thirty ponies from the Territory last week.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 6, 1876.

                                                     FLOUR CONTRACT.

MR. A. A. NEWMAN has been awarded another contract to supply the Pawnee Indians with 30,000 pounds of flour. The contract is not so large this time, but more are expected.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 13, 1876.

                                      A HAPPY DAY FOR ARKANSAS CITY.

                     Indian Contracts Awarded to Newman, Channell & Haywood,

                                          To the Amount of $40,000 and over.

We learn by letter that the bids of A. A. Newman, Haywood (of Channell & Haywood), and McLaughlin (of Houghton & McLaughlin), for flour and transportation to the different Agencies south of us have been accepted as follows.

For Sac and Fox Agency, delivered there in indefinite quantities, at $2.48 per 100 lbs., and the following quantities to be delivered at the respective agencies:

For the Kiowa, 220,000 lbs. at $3.29.

For the Wichita, 80,000 lbs. at $3.29.

For the Pawnees, 200,000 lbs. at $2.23.

For the Cheyennes and Arapahos, 260,000 lbs. at $2.97.

For the Osages, indefinite quantity, at $2.19 per 100 lbs.

This will give a cash market for wheat at our very doors, freighting for a number of teams, and employment to many men, and build up for the town a business greater than known before.

Mr. Thomas Lannigan, of Fort Smith, Arkansas, has the contract for beef, and will purchase largely in Cowley and Sumner counties. His contract is for beef on the hoof, at $3.73½ for Kiowa and Comanche, 2,650,000 lbs.; for Cheyenne and Arapaho, 3,000,000 lbs.; Wichita, 550,000 lbs.; Osage, 500,000 lbs.; Pawnee, 1,500,000 lbs., at $3.56.

With the prospect of the Walnut Valley Railroad, the steam­boat that is now on its way, and the general prospects for good crops, we look forward to a bright dawn of the future.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 13, 1876.

There is some talk of organizing a Chapter of the Masonic Lodge at this place. Newman’s hall will make a good room.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 20, 1876.

St. Louis, Sept. 8. The Board of Indian Commissioners completed their labors here today, and most of them left for home tonight. They will go to New York, where the proposals for clothing, etc., will be received and contracts awarded.

Contracts were awarded here to the following parties.

Beef on the hoof: Thomas Lanigan, Arkansas; Mr. Rosenthal, Santa Fe; Messrs. Park, Armour & Co., Chicago; Castner & Spencer, St. Paul; James E. Page, Sioux City.

Bacon: W. E. Richardson & Co., St. Louis; Armour & Co., Chicago.

Corn: F. H. Davis, Omaha.

Flour: C. E. Hodges, Sioux City; Castner & Spencer, St. Paul; N. P. Clark, St. Cloud; N. W. Welles, Schuyler, Neb.; J. G. McGannon, Seneca; Messrs. Newman, Haywood & McLaughlin, Arkansas City; W. S. Spleidgelberry, Santa Fe; and Newman, St. Louis.

Hardbread: James Gameau & Co., St. Louis.

Soap: Goodwin, Beher & Co., St. Louis.

Transportation: Northern Pacific Railroad; D. I. McCann, Omaha; John A. Charles, Sioux City; M. Brunswick, Chicago; A. Staab, Pueblo; Col. Enagle, Cheyenne; Ed. Fenlon, Leavenworth; D. H. Nichols, Cheyenne; O. Hecht, Cheyenne.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 27, 1876.

The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the October term, A. D., 1876, of the District Court, and have been placed on the trial docket in the following order.

                                                          CIVIL DOCKET.

                                           A. A. Newman vs. Jno. P. Woodyard.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 27, 1876.

COTTON. Those who have never seen cotton growing can gratify their curiosity at Mr. Johnson’s, near Newman’s mill. He has a small patch in bloom.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 4, 1876.

WORK continues on Newman’s upper story of the brick building.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 11, 1876.   

A. A. NEWMAN returned with his family last Saturday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 11, 1876.

Newman, Haywood, and McLaughlin want 20,000 bushels of No. 3 and 4 wheat at once, for which they will pay the cash.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 11, 1876.

MR. NEWMAN has purchased an immense stock of goods this fall, that he expects to trade for wheat. He says he has a suit of clothes for every man in town.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 11, 1876.

                                                             FORT SILL.

J. M. JORDON started for Fort Sill last Friday with a load of flour to deliver on Newman’s contract. Silas Ward went with him. He expects to remain in the Territory to work.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 18, 1876.

NEWMAN has blocked the sidewalks and half the streets with his new goods.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 18, 1876.

HOUGHTON & MC. have goods, trunks, groceries, and everything piled sky high in and about their store.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 18, 1876.


NEWMAN, McLAUGHLIN, and HAYWOOD have fifty teams freighting between this place and the Indian Agencies in the Territory. Two or three trips pays for a new Kansas wagon.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 25, 1876.

PERSONS with teams, wanting employment, can find it by calling on Newman, Haywood & McLaughlin at this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 25, 1876.

The crowd at Newman’s store is astonishing. They have worn a hole through the floor where they go in and out, and it is so crowded that goods have to be handed out to customers.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 25, 1876.

The largest sale of merchandise ever made in this place was on last Saturday. Newman, and Houghton & McLaughlin retailed $500 worth each, and in the evening Mr. Newman sold $1,000 worth at wholesale.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 8, 1876.

A. A. NEWMAN bought 1,700 bushels of wheat last Friday, and paid the cash for it. 1,500 bushels he purchased of J. G. Titus, who is to haul it from Winfield.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 8, 1876.

A gentleman asked A. A. Newman what he would take for his house the other day. He said $800. “Make out your deed,” he remarked. “Well, but, ah, are you in a hurry?” “Yes.” “I guess I don’t want to sell.”

Arkansas City Traveler, November 22, 1876.

The crossing at Newman’s mill is very bad, and should be made better.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 22, 1876.

From the top of Newman’s building, some of the finest scenery in the west can be viewed. Go up and take a look.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 22, 1876.

THE BAND BOYS are estimating the practicability of a social dance in Newman’s new building as soon as the floor is laid. Anything for a little amusement is the general exclamation among the young folks.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 6, 1876.

WHY is the boy who rode a bareback horse from Newman’s mill to town in ten minutes like the locomotive on a fast mail train? If you can’t guess it, ask our devil.


Arkansas City Traveler, December 13, 1876.

                                                 MANAGING COMMITTEE.

Mrs. A. A. Newman, Mrs. C. R. Sipes. Mrs. J. I. Mitchell, Mrs. Wm. Newton, Mrs. Wm. Benedict.

                                        COMMITTEE ON CHRISTMAS TREE.

Mrs. C. R. Sipes, Mrs. Dr. Shepard, Mrs. J. Breene, Mrs. R. A. Houghton, Mrs. T. Mantor, Miss M. Thompson, Mrs. L. McLaughlin, Mrs. Kennedy, Mrs. T. R. Houghton, Miss F. Skinner, Mrs. S. P. Channell, W. H. Gray, Mrs. T. H. McLaughlin, Al Mowry, Mrs. James Benedict, L. C. Norton, I. H. Bonsall.

                                                 SOLICITING COMMITTEE.

Mrs. Wm. Benedict, Mrs. C. R. Sipes, Mrs. J. I. Mitchell, Mrs. Dr. Shepard, Mrs. L. McLaughlin, Mrs. Wm. Newton.

                                                NEW ENGLAND KITCHEN.

Mrs. Mary Baker, Mrs. L. C. Norton, Mrs. I. H. Bonsall, Miss M. Houghton, Mr. T. H. McLaughlin, O. P. Houghton, Miss Bowers, Kate Hawkins, Miss Lizzie Ela, J. H. Sherburne, T. R. Houghton, Mr. Ela, J. C. Topliff.

                                                          SUPPER TABLE.

Mrs. S. B. Fleming, Mrs. Dr. Kellogg, Mrs. O. P. Houghton, Mrs. W. S. Ela, Mrs. L. McLaughlin, Mrs. T. O. Bird, Mrs. B. W. Sherburne, Mrs. E. Parker, Mrs. M. Marshall, Mrs. W. B. Skinner, Mrs. T. H. McArthur, Mrs. M. Peede, Mrs. Hartsock, Mrs. Anna Guthrie, H. P. Farrar, J. I. Mitchell, C. R. Sipes.

                                                       TEA AND COFFEE.

Mrs. J. Alexander, Mrs. V. Hawkins.

                                                          FANCY TABLE.

Mrs. E. D. Eddy, Mrs. Wm. Newton, Miss M. Greene, Miss A. Mantor, Miss Delia DeMott.

                                                          OYSTER TABLE.

Mrs. W. J. Mowry, Mrs. Wm. Coombs, Mrs. J. W. Hutchinson, Mrs. L. Theaker, Mrs. W. Packard, Mr. A. A. Newman, Mrs. R. L. Marshall, Dr. Shepard.


Mrs. H. P. Farrar, Prof. Bacon, Mrs. A. A. Newman, W. D. Mowry.


Ed Thompson, Mrs. R. C. Haywood.

                                                             FISH POND.

Miss M. Mitchell, Miss A. Norton, Miss May Benedict, F. Hutchinson.

                                                      TO PROCURE TREE.

J. W. Hutchinson, J. J. Breene, A. O. Porter.

                                                  TO PROCURE OYSTERS.

R. C. Haywood, R. A. Houghton, E. D. Eddy.


Mrs. Dr. Hughes, O. C. Skinner, E. D. Eddy.

                                                         DOOR KEEPERS.

J. D. Guthrie, Wyard Gooch.

                                                PUBLISHING COMMITTEE.

C. M. Scott, H. P. Standley, E. G. Gray.

Admission fee one pound or ten cents.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 13, 1876.

MR. NEWMAN started for Cheyenne Agency and Fort Sill this morning, in a carriage. He will be absent about two weeks.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 13, 1876.

The average market price of wheat at this place is from 55 to 75 cents per bushel, Newman, Haywood, and McLaughlin are buying.


Arkansas City Traveler, December 20, 1876.

                                             THE BRIDGE PROPOSITION.

Next Saturday the people of Creswell Township will be called on to determine whether the Township shall issue $2,000 in bonds to rebuild the bridge across the Walnut River, at or near Newman’s Mill. The petition pre­sented to the Township officers shows one hundred and fifty-four voters in favor of the project, and anxious for the bridge.

There is no doubt but that the bridge is almost an actual necessity, and would not only benefit the farmers both east and west of us, but would add materially to the interests of the town, and the only question to be decided is whether the people of the Township are willing to pay for it. We have experience; the drawbacks of a toll bridge, and those who denounced the ferry. The majority seem to oppose both, more especially since responsible parties have agreed to replace it, in a sub­stantial manner, for $2,000.


Arkansas City Traveler, December 20, 1876.

Festival to be held at Newman’s new building, on Christmas night, Monday, December 25, 1876. Everybody and his wife are expected, and cordially invited to come. Besides the Christmas tree, there will be a charade acted by the ladies and gentlemen of Arkansas City; a Yankee kitchen in “ye olden style” with pumpkin pies and baked beans one hundred years old, fresh and nice, and a supper of modern times, with all the luxuries of the season. Fresh fish from the fish pond, caught on the spot, to order, and oysters from the Walnut. Now, young ladies, remember leap year is drawing to a close, and only a few days are left, and you should not lose the last chance you may have for four years to come. Who knows what fate may have in store for you, or what the fish pond may produce? And everybody should remember that but few of us will be on hand to attend the next Centennial festival, and make the most of this opportunity.

Come, everybody, and have a good time. The Christmas tree will be decorated in the afternoon, and persons wishing to have gifts put on the tree will please hand them to someone of the committee before 4 p.m., as there will be too much to attend to in decorating the hall to receive packages after that hour.

The committee appointed to decorate the tree is as follows:

Ladies—Mrs. Sipes, Mrs. Breene, Mrs. T. Mantor, Mrs. T. H. McLaughlin, Mrs. T. R. Houghton, Mrs. Dr. Hughes, Mrs. Dr. Shepard, Mrs. R. A. Houghton, Miss Mattie Thompson, Miss Kennedy, Miss F. Skinner.

Gentlemen—S. P. Channell, W. H. Gray, James Benedict, I. H. Bonsall, L. McLaughlin, Al. Mowry, L. C. Norton.

Anything left at Bonsall’s photograph gallery before the 25th will be taken care of and put on the tree by the committee.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.

The Masonic supper and entertainment, held in Newman’s new building on St. John’s Day, was generally acknowledged to be one of the best social gatherings that has been held within the past two years. The installation of officers took place at the church, and the ladies were conveyed to the hall while the members of the order marched thereto. After a few minutes, a bountiful supper was placed upon a table seated by more than 70 persons, and for an hour the feast continued until no one cried for more. Then followed the dance, and different games, partici­pated in by all. For those who did not wish to dance, tables with cards, checkers, and dominoes were provided, so that all could be entertained.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.

There were many noticeable features at the Presbyterian Festival, held on the evening of Dec. 25th. The management and execution of the charades was exceedingly well done, and all performed their parts well. Many persons were the recipients of handsome and valued presents. Among them Will. D. Mowry received a beautiful chromo in a fine frame, from the scholars of the Sunday School of which he is Superintendent, and our editor a tasty book of Whittier’s poems, from the ladies of the Presbyte­rian Society. Rev. Fleming was honored with a number and variety of tokens, and received them with great appreciation.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.

The Methodist Festival held on last Monday evening at Newman’s hall was largely attended by the citizens of town, and residents of the country. Many feared on account of the enter­tainment that had preceded it, that it would not be patronized as it should be, but their fears were soon at rest when they saw the numbers gathered at the hall. Everything passed off pleasantly and satisfactory, and a general good time was participated in. The oyster supper was attended by enterprising waiters, and the bivalvular mollusks served in good condition. The supper table, consisting of turkey, cakes, and numerous good things was well displayed with delicate eatables, and was generally well seated. In one corner was the Art Gallery, conducted by ladies, and in another, the Post Office, where letters could be had by paying ten cents each. The net receipts of the entertainment is esti­mated at $90, and besides being a paying institution, it was also socially a success.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.

The amounts of the receipts of the M. E. Festival, as handed in by one of the committee, was as follows.

Amount received for supper: $54.45.

Amount received for apples: $.90.

Amount received from Post Office: $2.53.

Amount received from cake sold at auction: $1.10.

Amount received from cake voted to oldest resident: $13.20.

Amount received from butter duck sold to highest bidder: $4.00.

Amount received from grab bag: $4.61.

Amount received from art gallery: $9.20.


A picture was sold for $2.40, and other minor articles, making in all the whole amount of receipts, $92.99. The $13.20 cake was voted to Mrs. Lucy Endicott (oldest resident), and Marshall Felton re­ceived the $1.10 cake, as it was sold to the highest bidder. Mr. Dupey bid off the duck.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.

After the entertainment at Newman’s building, on last Wednesday evening, several persons lost some knives and forks. If they are found by any to whom they do not belong, please return them to the post office.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.

                                                              SOLD OUT.

A. A. NEWMAN sold his entire stock of dry goods to the old reliable firm of Houghton & McLaughlin, last week, and the goods are being moved to the latter’s store until Newman’s building is completed, when Houghton & McLaughlin will occupy the new room and continue as before (in spite of Indian raids, grasshoppers, or Nick himself), to be the “Old Reliable” green front store, known all over Southern Kansas as the cheapest place to buy any and all kinds of dress goods, dry goods, clothing, groceries, queensware, notions, furs, carpets, etc. They have been here from the first, and will remain to the last. Mr. Newman will now devote his whole time to his mill and Indian contracts.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.

GREAT CREDIT IS DUE MRS. A. A. NEWMAN and other members of the managing committee of the festival on Christmas night for the faithfulness with which they discharged their duties, and for their diligence in striving to make it pleasant and entertaining for the great crowd present. The proceeds of the Presbyterian Festival, after all expenses were paid, amounted to a fraction over $100.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.


We learn that Mr. Newman gave a bond agreeing to complete the Walnut River Bridge for $2,000. He expects it to cost him $2,500, but is willing to pay the additional $500 rather than not have a bridge.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.

R. A. HOUGHTON will remove his grocery store to the room formerly occupied by A. A. Newman, and open up another fresh lot of the best brands of sugar, coffee, tea, tobacco, flour, and all kinds of eatables.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 10, 1877.

The large stock of goods of A. A. Newman & Co., some $10,000 worth, recently purchased by Houghton & McLaughlin, is now being removed to the Green Front, until the New Brick Store is ready for them on the opposite corner.

This, with their own stock of goods, has so crowded their store as to make it almost impossible to get around, and in order to dispose of them before spring, they offer better bargains than any other house this side of Emporia, notice of which will be seen in their new advertisement. This firm was well named “Old Reliable,” having commenced here at the first settlement of the town six years ago, occupying a small room in the building now owned by L. C. Wood, and doing mostly their own hauling.

Business began to increase on their hands so rapidly that they were obliged to have an addition to the building, in all 50 feet long. This store was occupied three years, when, their business still further increasing, they were obliged to build the present large business house, known as the “Green Front,” with several store-houses to hold their immense stock of goods, and now for the fourth time they are compelled to look for larger quarters.

We believe this firm has built up its present very large trade by straightforward dealing, treating all alike, and giving everyone the worth of his or her money. In spite of hard times, grasshopper, and Indian raids, and while nearly every house has changed hands one or more times during the past six years, the “Old Reliable” still holds together, and will continue to hold on to the last—giving all the most goods for the least money of any house in Cowley County.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 10, 1877.

The supremacy and power of mind over matter were strikingly illustrated during last Sunday’s services by the undivided attention which A. A. Newman’s dog, “Bob,” paid to Mr. Fleming’s remarks. He has evidently been the object of much careful training at home, and knows how to listen respectfully, though his exploring propensities will sooner or later lead him into difficulty.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 17, 1877.

The band boys’ entertainment will be given as soon as Newman’s building is plastered.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 17, 1877.

REXFORD and ADAMS had their ears slightly frozen while coming from Newman’s mill last Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 17, 1877.

A. A. NEWMAN has the entire contract for furnishing flour to the Pawnees, Cheyennes, etc., having purchased Houghton & McLaughlin’s, and R. C. Haywood’s interests.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 24, 1877.

                                                BAND BOYS EXHIBITION.

Next week the Band boys will give their exhibition in Newman’s building. The exercises will consist of vocal and instrumental music, farces, Ethiopian delineations, and everything that has any fun in it. If you want a good laugh and to hear fine music, make it convenient to be on hand.


Arkansas City Traveler, January 24, 1877.

                                                  Notice to Bridge Builders.

Sealed proposals will be received by the Board of Township Officers at the office of T. McIntire, until Thursday, March 1st, 1877, at 12 o’clock m., for the purpose of building the super­structure of a bridge, of either iron or wood, across the Walnut River, at or near Newman’s mill: the bridge consisting of two spans, one ninety-four feet and six inches; and the other forty-five feet and six inches in length. Plans and specifications, with bonds for the completion of the bridge, must accompany each and every bid. The Board reserving the privilege of rejecting any and all bids.

            T. McINTIRE, Trustee, W. D. MOWRY, Clerk, WYARD E. GOOCH, Treas.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 24, 1877.

75,000 pounds of flour left this place for Fort Sill last week, to supply the hungry Cheyennes and Arapahos.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 31, 1877.

The concert to be given by the A. C. S. C. Band, conducted by Prof. E. J. Hoyt, has been definitely fixed for Friday eve­ning, February 9th, at which time Newman’s new store-room, in which it is to be held, will be thoroughly completed and fit for occupancy. The entertainment will be interesting and unique, embracing music both vocal and instrumental, comic speeches, burlesques, Ethiopian komicalities, and other side-splitting specialties. The concert will be a first-class affair, and such as the most refined need not fear to attend. The band will be ready to furnish good music for a dance after the concert, if it is so desired. Further particulars will be given in our next issue—“and don’t you forget it.”

Arkansas City Traveler, February 7, 1877.

During the past month it has been generally known that the members of the Arkansas City Silver Cornet Band purposed giving an entertainment, consisting of vocal and instrumental music, character sketches, etc., as soon as Newman’s new building was ready to accommodate them. Their uniform success heretofore has had the one drawback: insufficient stage room and seating capacity. This being remedied, the boys will undoubtedly do themselves greater justice, while the audience can be comfortably seated. They have been fully six weeks preparing themselves. Our brass band is confessedly the best one in the State, outside of Topeka and Leavenworth. Should this concert prove a financial success, the boys contemplate a trip to Wellington, where the performance will be repeated. The price of admission has been fixed at 25 cents, reserved seats 50 cents, and children under ten, 15 cents. No charge for children in arms. Tickets for sale at both the drug stores.

Winfield Courier, February 8, 1877.

On account of the rise in wheat, Newman is losing money on his Indian flour contract.





                                   A JOURNEY TO THE INDIAN COUNTRY.

                     Fort Sill, Wichita, Cheyenne, Kiowa, and Cheyenne Agencies.

At Wichita Agency thirty head of cattle per week, and 2,205 pounds of flour are issued weekly, being only half rations. Captain Leach and Major Lannigan have the beef contract, and A. A. Newman is the contractor for flour.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

Houghton & McLaughlin will continue the grocery trade in their old store building after they remove to Newman’s brick.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

Some thief or thieves stole a rope from Theo. Houghton’s oxen, and appropriated two of A. A. Newman’s poorest ponies last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

                                                                Look Out.

Last week two ponies were stolen from A. A. Newman’s pasture, and a bridle taken from E. B. Kager. Monday evening Charles Roseberry’s mules were loosened rather suspiciously, and a saddle and bridle was found near the rock ford of the Arkansas. Parties have been seen loitering about, with no apparent business, and a few evenings since, someone tried to break into Journey Breene’s house. Dr. Jones took up a pony that was wandering about his place, lately, which had evidently escaped from the rider as the bridle and saddle found near the ford indicate. It is rather early for horse stealing yet, but as soon as the grass is sufficient to afford feed, it will be well enough to keep a look out.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

One of Godfrey’s horses fell from the little bridge near Newman’s Mill last week. The harness was cut and the animal dropped into the creek, and it made its way out.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

Five carpenters all busy finishing Newman’s store room.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

MRS. NEWMAN is visiting friends in Emporia.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

Notice is hereby given that the Board of Creswell Township will issue to the Missouri Valley Bridge Co. on the 1st day of May, A. D. 1877, bonds to the amount of two thousand dollars ($2,000), for the purpose of building a bridge over the Walnut River near Newman’s Mill.  T. McIntire, Trustee; Wyard E. Gooch, Treasurer; W. D. Mowry, Clerk.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

NEWMAN wants all the wheat he can buy.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

                                                         CITY ELECTION.

The election of city officers took place last Monday, quietly and peaceably, with the following result.

Mayor: Dr. Kellogg.

Police Judge: Jas. Christian.

Councilmen: James Benedict, H. P. Farrar, James I. Mitchell, H. Godehard, I. H. Bonsall.

There was another ticket in the field, composed of Wm. Sleeth for Mayor, Judge Christian for Police Judge, and A. A. Newman, O. P. Houghton, E. D. Eddy, J. A. Loomis, and J. T. Shepard, for Councilmen; but as one was composed of, or was generally understood to be “license” men, the issue was made “license” and “anti-license,” and the vote stood 70 for the former and 41 for the latter. Both tickets were composed of the best men of the community.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

In the race for Mayor last Monday, H. D. Kellogg received 72 votes, Major Sleeth 40, and Rev. Thompson 1.

For Police Judge, James Christian received 112 votes, and Rev. David Thompson 1.

For Councilmen, Jas. Benedict received 72, E. P. Farrar 72, Jas. I. Mitchell 72, H. Godehard 71, I. H. Bonsall 71, A. A. Newman 40, O. P. Houghton 40, E. D. Eddy 40, J. A. Loomis 40, Dr. J. T. Shepard 40, Rev. Wingar 1, Rev. Swarts 1, Rev. Will York 1, L. C. Norton 1, J. C. Topliff 3, Sherb Hunt 1.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

NOTICE. Notice is hereby given that the Board of Creswell Township will issue to the Missouri Valley Bridge Co. on the 1st day of May, A. D. 1877, bonds to the amount of two thousand dollars ($2,000), for the purpose of building a bridge over the Walnut River near Newman’s mill.

Signed, T. McINTIRE, Trustee, WYARD E. GOOCH, Treasurer, W. D. MOWRY, Clerk.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877. Editorial Item.

                                                         Railroad Matters.

The committee who went from this place to Augusta, learning that Mr. Young and Gov. Eskridge intended going to Winfield to confer with the people of that place, at the urgent request of one of the citizens and a member of the Railroad Committee of Winfield, sent word for a delegation to come up to agree to a new proposition. A number went, but upon their arrival, found that no agreement could be made, as the Committee of Winfield had stated they could not entertain any proposition from the north, as they had one from the east. Mr. Young and Gov. Eskridge then came to this place and submitted the proposition to Creswell Township to build their road down the west side of the Walnut by Township aid. The same proposition will be submitted to Rock, Nennescah, Vernon, Beaver, Creswell, Bolton, and probably Pleasant Valley Townships, and if the aid is rendered, the road will be built.

In the evening a large and enthusiastic meeting was held at the church, during which a stirring speech was made by Mr. Eskridge, and remarks by Mr. Young, Rev. Fleming, Judge Chris­tian, Amos Walton, Mr. Channell, and others, after which a committee of eleven were appointed as follows, as Managing Committee, with power to appoint Finance, Canvassing, and Sub-Committees: Dr. Hughes, O. P. Houghton, C. M. Scott, A. A. Newman, James Christian, J. C. McMullen, S. B. Fleming, M. R. Leonard, Amos Walton, R. C. Haywood and S. P. Channell.

The Committee then elected Dr. Hughes, President, J. C. McMullen, Vice President, Amos Walton, Secretary, and R. C. Haywood, Treasurer. The hour being late, the Committee then adjourned.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

GEORGE NEWMAN wrote the locals for the Emporia News last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Mr. Newman has wheat that has headed.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

The work on the countering and shelving of Newman’s store room, now occupied by Houghton & McLaughlin, displays workmanship equal to any we have seen in the State. The counters are made with black walnut tops, of one board two feet in width, with oak and pecan finish, giving it a rich appearance and finish.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877. Front Page.

                                                    SOUTHERN KANSAS.


                                A Glimpse of the Happy Land Soon to Be Made

                                                     Accessible by Railroad.

                                     [From the Kansas City Journal of Commerce.]

Arkansas City, Kans., April 18. The trip from Wellington to this place is accomplished by “buck board” and stage, via Winfield, in eight hours.

The ride is recommended to dyspeptics.

This town is keeping pace with the spirit of improvement apparent all over Kansas. Good times are continually at her doors. The brick blocks of Newman and Haywood, and the Methodist church, are among the new buildings. The former is one hundred feet in depth, and two stories in height, with a handsome iron front. The finishing touches are being put upon it, and the goods for its shelves are arriving.

Mr. Haywood is already occupying his block with an immense hardware store. The church is nearly enclosed. One of the latest accessions to the business facilities of the town is the arrival of Mr. Wilson from Leavenworth, with a large stock of dry goods, etc. Mr. Wilson has been well known among a large circle of people in Kansas for the past twelve years, as one of the leading merchants of the State, and has enjoyed to an enviable extent their confidence and respect. His removal to Arkansas City will be a surprise to many who considered him one of the “institutions” of Leavenworth’s commercial and social circles.

He considers the name of this town unfortunate, and suggests that it be changed to “Twin Rivers,” but Brother Scott of the Traveler objects to any new “turn of the tune.” I was about to suggest   BUENA VISTA.

This is a grand country. As one stands here and gazes upon its rivers and forests and boundless sea of prairie beyond, he comprehends something of its possibilities. Here are millions of acres awaiting the plow. Here are forests to supply lumber and fuel. Here are inexhaustible quarries of magnesian limestone, that can be dressed with a saw and the plane.

Here are rivers and springs, whose limpid waters will yet turn myriads of spin­dles. Here is a soil and climate adapted to all the products of the temperate zone.

The rigors of winter never reach this latitude, and the hot sun rays of summer are tempered by a perpetual breeze. Sickness is almost unknown. There are no stagnant pools, no alkali, no miasmatic vapor.

With all the conditions for man’s happiness so admirably prepared, it is no wonder that thousands are flocking to occupy the land.

Here is the wealth of an empire, with resources but hinted at by what has been accomplished.

In 1875, with but one eighth of its area in cultivation, the cash value of the wheat, oats, corn, and potatoes, raised in Cowley County, was $900,000.

This is an unfavorable season, and with the most superficial tillage in many instances, was a good showing.

Arkansas City has a very favorable location, which will be more apparent upon the advent of a railroad. Its natural advan­tages for commanding the grain and produce trade are equal to any town south of Wichita, while as the entry port for Texas cattle it is bound to excel any of its predecessors in their palmiest days. It is particularly fortunate in this respect. East of this the Indians have placed an embargo upon the traffic, and the routes west of this are obstructed by high water in spring, and parched with drouth in summer.

From this point good roads, with streams bridged, lead through the Territory to the forts upon the north and west frontiers of Texas, and directly through the great grazing region of the country.

The supplies for the various Agencies are hauled over these routes. The single item of flour manufactured here last year for the Indians amounted to more than one million pounds.

With these routes well established, with wood and water at convenient intervals for camping purposes, and with no prohibi­tion from herding a million head of cattle on the boundless natural pastures that spread away to the south of the town, it takes no gift of prophecy to see what this point is destined to become in commercial importance.

Its isolation from railroads is the only unpleasant feature about it, and this will exist for only a short time longer.

The “Kansas City, Emporia and Southern” narrow gauge, of which I wrote you from Emporia, is certain to be built, the citizens of this part of the county being determined to have it at any cost.

A road of standard gauge is also being agitated from Inde­pendence west through Montgomery, Chautauqua, Cowley, and Sumner counties. Whether the route finally decided upon will be through Sedan to this point and hence to Caldwell, or striking further north through Longton, Elk Falls, Lazette, and Winfield, will terminate at Wellington, is to be determined somewhat by typogra­phy of the county, but more by the local aid it receives.

At any rate, the era of railroads is drawing upon this county, and “there’s millions in it.” G.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

GEORGE NEWMAN, OF EMPORIA, retails more dry goods than any other house in Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

THE SAW FRAME OF LIPPMANN’S MILL was lost in the river while crossing in a boat at Newman’s mill last Wednesday.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

BRIDGE. Now that the Walnut is down, we presume that no time will be lost in getting the bridge up at Newman’s mill.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

WORK UPON THE BRIDGE PIERS AT NEWMAN’S MILL has been resumed and will be pushed forward to completion as rapidly as possible. If everything progresses favorably, we may expect to have the bridge in position by the middle of July.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

Newman paid $1.57 cash for 86 bushels of old wheat lately.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

Fifty grists of new wheat were ground at Newman’s mill last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

The work on the bridge across the Walnut is delayed for want of lime.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

MR. GRIMES has a fish pen at the mouth of the cave near Newman’s mill, where he keeps his fish alive until he is ready to butcher one.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

The bridge pier on the Walnut washed out last week. It will be rebuilt by Mr. Newman.


Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

Everybody shakes hands with Geo. W. Newman and inquires after the health of little Miss Newman.

Excerpt which pertains to Walnut Bridge only...

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

                                                          THE BRIDGES.

Work on the pier of the Walnut River bridge has been going steadily on for the past week. Mr. Buzzi has the contract and is doing good work. Stones two feet wide by four feet long and one foot thick are frequently put in the pier. The abutment on the east bank is also being rebuilt, and both piers being rip-rapped and built four feet higher. Mr. Gooch is overseeing the work during Mr. Newman’s absence.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

MR. NEWMAN and HAYWOOD have been at Lawrence, looking after the letting of Indian contracts. We have not yet learned if they secured the award, but hope it will be let to someone that will buy the wheat in Cowley County. This year will be a risky one for wheat speculators. If the war continues in Europe, wheat will be high priced; if the war lags or ceases, it will be moderate. Parties bidding should figure on large margins.


Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

Bids for supplies for the Indians were opened at the Central Superintendency, Monday and contracts were awarded as follows.


Berry Bros. & Finney, Arkansas City, 2,700 bushels corn, 58 cents.

A. A. Newman, of Arkansas City, Kansas, 130,000 pounds at Pawnee Agency, Indian Territory, $3.15; 40,000 pounds at Kaw Agency, Indian Territory, $2.40.

Lawrence Journal.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 15, 1877.

                                                    INDIAN CONTRACTS.

It will be seen by an article copied from the Lawrence Journal, that Berry Brothers & Finney, of this place have been awarded the contract for furnishing 2,700 bushels of corn, and A. A. Newman 130,000 pounds of flour, to be furnished at Pawnee Agency, and 40,000 pounds of flour at Kaw Agency.


Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

Seven years ago last Wednesday, we sent forth the first number of the Arkansas City TRAVELER from the roofless shanty on the corner where Newman’s two story brick now stands.

There were few men on the border then compared to those here now, yet every day we look from our door, we can see some of the old residents walking the street. The change is wonderful, and makes it seem as though we had lived a half century.

No farming country in the world ever settled more rapidly, and none ever accomplished more in the same length of time. While we have enjoyed, in the settlement of one new country, we do not have the desire to experience another. The future of Cowley County is almost decided, and that future is one of promised wealth and glory.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877.

The following is the score of the game of base ball played August 23rd, between the east and west sides of Summit Street.






                                               Note: East Side Won—25 to 20.

                                                 UMPIRE: R. C. HAYWOOD.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 5, 1877.

250 head of stock hogs for sale, or will trade for wheat. A. A. Newman.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 12, 1877.

BASE BALL. An enthusiastic meeting was held Monday after­noon at Pearson’s Hall, for the purpose of organizing a base ball association.

The following officers were elected.

Manager: J. H. Sherburne.

Secretary and Treasurer: H. M. Bacon.

Directors: Rev. S. B. Fleming; A. A. Newman; R. C. Haywood; A. W. Berkey; L. P. Woodyard; Will Mowry.

At a meeting of the directors in the evening, a nine was selected which will play Thursday afternoon at 2 o’clock, against the best second nine that can be collected.

A lively game is anticipated, and a general attendance desired. At the close of the game, the association will meet for the transaction of important business, when an opportunity for joining the same will be offered.

It is very desirable that all who are at all interested in athletic sports come at once to the front, and manifest their good will by joining the association.

The boys mean “business,” and should be well backed up. The fall campaign, though a short one, will doubtless be a warm one. Anyway, it will afford lots of fun.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1877.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. Newman, on Tuesday morning, a son, which accounts for the unusual happiness of Mr. Newman.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1877.

MRS. T. H. McLAUGHLIN, who has been visiting relatives in Texas for several weeks, returned Friday evening, accompanied by Miss Hattie Newman, sister of Mrs. Haywood and A. A. Newman, of this place.


Arkansas City Traveler, November 14, 1877.

FRED. NEWMAN, brother of A. A. Newman, is visiting his relatives at this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

                                                          White Flint Corn.

Grown on the farm of J. M. Felton, five miles east of Newman’s mill; was planted the 4th day of June, and yields 50 bushels to the acre; ripens in 90 days from planting. Those wishing to procure this corn for seed can get it at my residence. J. M. FELTON.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

A heavy grist was turned out at Newman’s mill this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 21, 1877.

                                   TWENTY-SIX BUILDINGS UNDER WAY.

A BUILDING ASSOCIATION WAS FORMED A FEW WEEKS AGO, and entered into by twelve parties, agreeing to build a house each. Since then fourteen more have declared their intention to build. The original twelve were:

S. P. Channell; W. M. Sleeth; A. A. Newman; L. H. Gardner; O. P. Houghton; Gardner Mott; H. P. Farrar; Silas Parker; J. L. Huey; C. R. Sipes; R. C. Haywood; James Wilson.

The additional fourteen are: J. C. McMullen; Thomas Baird; J. Dodwell; Mrs. Dean; C. C. Wolf; E. J. Fitch; Mr. Ray; Wm. Speers; T. A. Gaskill; D. Logan; J. T. Shepard; Kendall Smith; Jas. Benedict; David Finney.

Mr. Gaskill has his house almost enclosed, and the founda­tions and preparations are being made for several others.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 19, 1877.


The following persons were elected officers for the ensuing year, of Crescent Lodge No. 133, A. F. and A. M., at their hall in Newman’s block, on Saturday evening, Dec. 15.

Worshipful Master: Clinton Robert Mitchell.

Senior Warden: Orin C. Smith.

Junior Warden: Sewell Peasley Channell.

Treasurer: Charles R. Sipes.

Secretary: Isaac H. Bonsall.

Tyler: Steven C. Wintin.

The following officers were appointed by the Worshipful Master, on Tuesday evening following.

Senior Deacon: James Benedict.

Junior Deacon: Harry Pearce Farrar.

Senior Stewart: Henry Bear Pruden.

Junior Stewart: William J. Stewart.


Arkansas City Traveler, December 19, 1877.

One of the pleasantest affairs ever witnessed in Arkansas City was the mask party given by Mrs. Haywood last Friday eve­ning, in honor of her sister, Miss Hattie Newman. The house was filled with gentlemen and ladies dressed in every conceivable manner, some wearing the most ridiculous and mirth-provoking costumes imaginable, and with one or two exceptions, they were so completely disguised as to be utterly unrecognizable by their most intimate friends. After unmasking, which was an occasion for considerable merriment, the company amused themselves with music, parlor croquet, and other games for an hour or two, when they were served with an excellent supper. It would be useless to attempt a description of the costumes, many of them baffling the descriptive powers of Dickens; but it is sufficient to say the party was a complete success, and the thanks of the participants are extended to Mr. and Mrs. Haywood for their efforts to make it such.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 2, 1878.

The father and mother of A. A. Newman came all the way from Maine to visit their children.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 9, 1878.

The bridge across the Walnut at Newman’s Mill is complete, but the approach on the west side has not been made yet. The piers are about four feet higher than they originally were, and seem high enough to be out of danger, but the structure of the bridge is very light and should be well tested before accepting it.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 16, 1878.

The wives of members of the Masonic Order are requested to meet at the hall in Newman’s brick tomorrow afternoon at one o’clock. Come prepared to sew carpet.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 16, 1878.

                                                         SOCIAL DANCE.

One of the most pleasant parties of the winter was held at Newman’s hall on Monday evening, under the direction of two or three good citizens of this place. Music was furnished by C. R. Sipes, James Steiner, and Ret Berkey, and the floor managed by I. H. Bonsall and S. P. Channell. A good number were present, and the company enjoyed themselves exceedingly. It was the best selected audience we have seen in Arkansas City since the good old days of long ago, and the secret of it was there was no distinction made on account of surrounding circum­stances. A similar party once every two weeks would add greatly to the social enjoyment of the place.


Arkansas City Traveler, January 30, 1878.

ALL RIGHT. In a few numbers of last week’s issue we men­tioned that about ten feet of the dam at Newman’s mill had broken. It looked so while the water was up, but it was a mistake. It is all right and the mill is grinding every day, making the best flour of any mill in the Southwest. The bridge across the Walnut is finished, a wide road has been made in front of the mill, and it is easy of access from every direction. Bring in your grists if you want good flour.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 20, 1878.

A. A. NEWMAN was awarded the contract at the Pawnee Agency for 65 head of cows, twelve yoke of oxen, 525 bushels of corn, 375 bushels of oats, some pine lumber, and 200,000 shingles. SCHIFFBAUER BROS. were awarded the contract for salt and brooms.

A Leavenworth firm received the contract for the balance, being oil, putty, glass, etc.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 27, 1878.

A. A. NEWMAN sold 8,000 pounds of boneless shoulders and smoked hams to James Boice, of Lake City, Colorado, last week for eight cents per pound, and Schiffbauer Brothers furnished him a large quantity of eggs at five cents per dozen. These hams will go up the mountains on pack mules.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 27, 1878.

ON SUNDAY MORNING about one-third of the west pier of the Walnut River bridge was discovered to have been washed out. Mr. Newman and James Huey, the Township Trustee, immediately engaged four teams and had them work all day Sunday hauling rock to throw in above the pier to save it. It does not interfere with cross­ing, and will be permanently repaired when the water lowers.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 13, 1878.

                                                  ATTENTION FARMERS!!

                                                       THE OLD RELIABLE

                                         ARKANSAS CITY WATER MILLS.

                                                A. A. NEWMAN, Proprietor.

Are Running on Full Time. Custom Grinding a Specialty.

                       FLOUR, BRAN, AND FEED CONSTANTLY ON HAND.

                              Highest Cash Price Paid for Wheat, Corn, and Rye.

                                            SATISFACTION GUARANTEED.

                                            AND ALL FLOUR WARRANTED.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1878.

With two setts of burrs running all day and nearly all night, Newman can hardly keep up to the rush he has for his four X flour, and yet he manages to accommodate all who come with grists to grind.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1878.

There are no vacant rooms in Newman’s brick block on the corner, and had there been a half dozen more, they would have been all occupied. It is well planned, well built, and guarded against fire by a fire wall and iron roof on the top. Newman understands erecting buildings.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1878.

The election of city officers took place last Monday with the following result.


COUNCILMEN: J. T. SHEPARD, 63; WM. SPEERS, 59; THOS. BERRY, 63; C. R. SIPES, 58; I. H. BONSALL, 61; S. P. CHANNELL, 40; A. A. NEWMAN, 37; H. P. FARRAR, 37; E. D. EDDY, 37; T. H. McLAUGHLIN, 40.


                                                 Total number of votes cast: 98.

It is generally supposed that the officers elected will favor granting a saloon license on a proper petition.

Winfield Courier, April 4, 1878.

                                                     Real Estate Transfers.

A. G. Newman and wife to A. A. Newman, 197 lots in Arkansas City, $4,500.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 10, 1878.

WANTED. 50 domestic cows with calves by their sides. Cash will be paid for the same. A. A. NEWMAN.

Winfield Courier, April 11, 1878. Front Page.

                                       Items from the Arkansas City Traveler.

With two sets of burrs running all day and nearly all night, Newman can hardly keep up to the rush he has for his XXXX flour, and yet he manages to accommodate all who come with grists to grind.

Winfield Courier, April 11, 1878.

                                                     Real Estate Transfers.

A. A. Newman and wife to Mahlon Hunter, part of nw 21 34 4, 40 acres, $325.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 8, 1878.

The young folks had a May picnic in Sleeth’s woods last Saturday, and a merry time was had. Swings were fixed for those who delighted in such sport, and the boys were ready to swing the fairer ones; a croquet set was on the ground, and the mallets and balls were in constant use—added to which, and of far greater importance, was the bountiful dinner prepared by the young ladies, washed down with lemonade. Though “ye local” did not reach the grounds until long after the dinner hour, he and his friend were left in undisputed possession of the “scraps” in the baskets, and they managed to make out a meal. We would again solemnly declare, however, that, to the best of our knowledge and belief, neither one of the gentlemen swallowed that apron.

P. S. We have been told that there was a fishing party, on the same day, further up the river, near Newman’s mill. They succeeded in catching a bob-tailed fish and shooting a small snake, after six hours of steady application, and are inclined to think the average fishing party a snare and a delusion.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 22, 1878.

Our town at this time faithfully illustrates the lines of the Irish poet:

“The rich may ride in chaises,

 But the poor must stay at home, be J____s.”

During the past week some ten of our leading businessmen’s wives have gone east and north to spend the summer: Mrs. O. P. Houghton, Mrs. J. L. Huey, Mrs. R. C. Haywood, Mrs. A. A. Newman, Mrs. H. P. Farrar, Mrs. M. Rexford, Mrs. David Thompson, Mrs. Ed. Thompson, Mrs. Wm. Sleeth, Mrs. S. P. Channell.

In about a month from now, what a rich harvest it would be for a traveling show to come along that had attractive female performers. The poor women that are left will have to confine themselves to such home pleasures as picnics and yachting up and down the river on Speers & Walton’s elegant little steamer, while their more favored sisters are inhaling the cool breezes of Lake George and the St. Lawrence River, and feasting on codfish and New England herring.

MRS. JUDGE CHRISTIAN has gone north (to Winfield), also, for a few days, on a visit to her daughter, Mrs. A. W. Berkey.

Mrs. Cramer has got married and gone East also (across the Walnut).

Winfield Courier, May 23, 1878.

Arkansas City takes a holiday trip today. Maj. Sleeth and wife go to Ohio, Mrs. Channell, Mrs. Thompson, and David Thompson go to Canada, Mrs. Newman and Mrs. Haywood go to New England, Charles Gallert and others to California, S. P. Channell goes to Oregon, Dr. Shepard and wife go to Missouri.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 5, 1878.

A number of teams started for Pawnee Agency yesterday, loaded with flour from Newman’s mill.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 5, 1878.

Arkansas City takes a holiday trip today. Maj. Sleeth and wife go to Ohio; Mrs. Channell, Mrs. Thompson, and David Thompson go to Canada; Mrs. Newman and Mrs. Haywood go to New England; Charles Gallert and others go to California; S. P. Channell goes to Oregon; and Dr. Shepard and wife go to Missouri. Courier.

What a lonesome time Scott will have now he is left are all alone. Eldorado Times.

We don’t propose to be left. We’ll excurt and visit the sunny clime of the Lone Star State. You had better come along, Mr. Times. We’ll sleep you in the open air and share our grubs with you, for the sake of your company.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 5, 1878.

THERE were twenty-seven persons on the steamboat last Tuesday week. They were conveyed to the river in a wagon, and from the ford at Harmon’s went to the large island about three miles below the mouth of the Walnut. The trip was enjoyed by all. A. A. Newman and R. A. Houghton unfortunately were tipped from the small row boat into the river while attempting to get on the boat.


Arkansas City Traveler, June 12, 1878.

                           List of Advertising Business Houses of Arkansas City

                                                             and Winfield.

Houghton & McLaughlin, Dry Goods, etc.

James Wilson, Dry Goods, etc.

M. S. Faris, Dry Goods, etc.

Boyer & Wallis, Winfield, Clothing.

Schiffbauer Brothers, Groceries, Queensware.

Hermann Godehard, Groceries, Queensware.

Hoyt & Speers, Groceries, Queensware.

Houghton & Mantor, Groceries and Clothing.

E. D. Eddy, Drugs, Oils, Medicines.

J. A. Loomis, Drugs, Oils, Medicines.

L. H. Gardner, Drugs, Oils, Medicines.

Peter Pearson, Furniture, Picture Frames.

Benedict & Brother, Hardware, Machines.

Schiffbauer Bros. & Co., Hardware, Machines.

C. R. Sipes, Stoves and Tinware.

Finney, Stanton & Hopkins, Livery.

W. H. Walker, Livery.

Harter & Hill, Winfield, Livery.

Albert Horn, Boots and Shoes.

A. A. Newman, Water Mills, Flour and feed.

Grimes & Woolyard, Steam Flour and Saw Mill.

E. Birnbaum, Winfield, Cigar Manufacturer.

T. A. Wilkinson, Winfield, Lumber Dealer.

Cowley County Bank: W. M. Sleeth, President; H. P. Farrar, Cashier.

Citizens’s Bank, Winfield: J. C. McMullen, Pres.

F. N. Earl, Blacksmith and wagon maker.

Sifford & Hutchins, Blacksmith and wagon maker.

Kendall Smith, Blacksmith and wagon maker.

Sheppard & Reed, Physicians.

Dr. J. H. Griffith, Physician.

Dr. A. Trim, Physician.

John A. Alexander, Physician.

Mrs. D. B. Hartsock, Millinery Goods.

Mrs. E. Watson, Millinery, dress making.

J. D. Pryor, Winfield, Loan Agent.

Curns & Manser, Winfield, Loan Agent.

A. J. Mosley, Winfield, Loan Agent.

Huey & Mitchell, Loan Agents.

J. A. Loomis, Loan Agent.

C. R. Mitchell, Attorney and Counselor.

James Christian, Attorney and Counselor.

Amos Walton, Attorney and Counselor.


Central Avenue, Newton Cox, Proprietor.

Arkansas City House, Williams & Maricle, Proprietors.

Williams House, Winfield.

Central House, Winfield.

Tremont House, Wichita.

Richey House, Wichita.

Valley House, Wellington.

James Ridenour, Jeweler and Engraver.

E. E. Bacon, Winfield, Jeweler and Engraver.

L. H. Hope, Winfield, Jeweler and Engraver.

William Wolfe, Builder and Contractor.

W. W. Alexander, Builder and Contractor.

Will. J. Peed, Saddles and Harness.

I. H. Bonsall, Photographer.

George D. Allen, Painter and Glazier.

A. C. Wells, Plasterer and Bricklayer.

John A. Alexander, Dentist.


Arkansas City Traveler, June 19, 1878.

                                              WICHITA, KAS., June 7th, 1878.

While wandering through Cowley a short time since, took in Arkansas City as a matter of course, and I must say that I had no cause to regret the time spent in looking over your beautiful city. I found quite a different class of men from the other towns in the county. While the citizens of Cowley are fully up to the average, I look upon the society of Arkansas City as superior to any in Southern Kansas. The courtesy extended to the stranger by all indicates breeding and education. Your school building would be a credit to a much larger city. The neat looking homes with their well cared for yards, indicate real New England thrift and comfort, while the immense fields of grain surrounding show western pluck and enterprise.

I found a few of the old standby’s that I knew years ago: Bob. Mitchell, Channell, Newman, B. B. Swarts, Houghton, and Walker. I missed our old friend Chamberlain; saw many new faces, but found all alike courteous and gentlemanly; quite a contrast with some other communities that I could name when the first questions are: “What’s he worth?” “Can we use him?” The only stain I noticed was a licensed dram shop. What the good people of your city could be thinking about to permit such a disgrace, I cannot conceive. Financially it’s the worst possible thing for you. Property is bound to depreciate, many of the class of people that you would be glad to welcome as citizens will make that an insurmountable objection, while the class that you don’t want will increase.

I think the moral vein of the matter may be safely left in the hands of the clergy of your city, Messrs. Fleming and Hunt, as I believe them to be sound both in doctrine and practice, and will deliver to saint and sinner his portion in due season. I met many pleasant gentlemen during my short stay with you, and shall not soon forget your beautiful town and the country around it. Yours, etc. RAMBLER.


Arkansas City Traveler, June 19, 1878.

Last Tuesday and Wednesday a very heavy rain fell, swelling the streams to an impassable extent, and carrying off saw logs, wood, wheat, and growing corn along their banks. The abutment of the bridge across the Walnut, south of Winfield, is said to be so badly washed that the bridge will fall, and water surrounded the approach of the bridge at Newman’s mill for more than a day. Mr. Bell, the owner of some sheep, near Park’s schoolhouse, was drowned in Badger Creek while attempting to cross, and the house of Mr. Frew, on Beaver Creek, was washed away and two children drowned, while he was making every effort to save his wife. Dr. Holland’s house was surrounded by water, and the occupants compelled to remain in it twenty-four hours before they were rescued. The Arkansas River rose four feet above the bridge pilings at this place, and carried hundreds of bushels of wheat, in the shock, down the stream. From all parts of the county we learn of its destruction to men, beasts, and the grain in the fields. In Pleasant Valley Township a horse belonging to Mr. Lucas was struck dead by lightning, and hundreds of hogs, young chickens, and ducks drowned. The damage to the county will be severely felt.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 26, 1878.

At the recent opening of bids for Indian supplies, in New York City, A. A. NEWMAN obtained the contract for 1,000,000 pounds of flour, and R. C. HAYWOOD has the contract for furnish­ing wheat and corn, to be delivered at the several agencies. This will make a good market for wheat and corn at home.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 26, 1878.

NEWMAN’s mill is grinding again and running on full time. They have been held back by back-water from the Arkansas.

Winfield Courier, July 4, 1878.

                                                      A Threatened Famine.

C. A. Bliss, G. S. Manser, A. B. Lemmon, E. P. Kinne, J. C. Fuller, M. L. Read, T. R. Bryan, W. M. Allison, J. W. Curns, C. C. Black, D. A. Millington, E. S. Bliss, E. S. Torrance, A. E. Baird, J. B. Lynn, M. G. Troup, M. L. Robinson, J. C. McMullen, E. C. Manning, and probably many others, all with their wives, will make a raid upon Arkansas City, the steam boats, and Newman’s dam on the Fourth. They will seize all the provisions they can find in the city, capture both the “Aunt Sally” and the—the—well, Amos’ steamship, will rip out Newman’s dam, and steam up the Walnut to Winfield, driving a large herd of catfish. Bliss and Harter & Harris will load the steamers with flour at their mills. The party will start at about 9 o’clock a.m.


Arkansas City Traveler, July 10, 1878.

                                     A STEAMBOAT FROM LITTLE ROCK.

                                                   Arrives at Arkansas City.

                                  A Spicy Letter from the Hon. James Christian,

                                                     Who Tells All About It.

                                           ARKANSAS CITY, June 30, 1878.

FRIEND MURDOCK: The steamer “Aunt Sally,” from Little Rock, arrived this morning. Our town is mad with excitement. Men, women, and children, some on foot, some on horseback, others in buggies and wagons, rushed “pell mell” for Harmon’s Ford on the Walnut, to witness a sight that our people have thought of, dreamed of, and prayed for the last six or seven years: a real, living, breathing steamboat; as the children sometimes say, “a sure enough steamboat.”

There she was, puffing and blowing like a thing of life. Some two hundred people rushed on board and examined her all over, from deck to Texas—cabin, engine, boiler, water wheel—all were scrutinized. They were in her and all over her.

Steam being up, the captain invited all hands to a ride up the Walnut as far as Newman’s mill and back. The bank was lined with people and the yells and cheers of those on deck and those on shore made the welkin ring. It was hip!—rip!—huzzah!—one after another. A general good time was had.

In the afternoon three hundred persons went aboard by invita­tion, for a ride down the river. Our cornet band did their best tooting on the occa­sion. Everything was hilarity and joy.

Little preaching was heard in Arkansas City today, you may depend. “Aunt Sally” was in everybody’s mouth.

She will stay until after the 4th, and will try to get up and see Wichita, if possible. The boat is owned by Captains Burke and Lewis, of Little Rock; is 85 feet long, 18 feet wide, and draws 14 inches light, and about two feet when fully loaded; carries 40 tons; made the run from Ft. Smith to this place in six days; met with no difficulty or obstructions on the way; the pilot thinks the river even better above than below Ft. Smith.

At this stage of water a railroad is nowhere alongside of a steamboat. Hurrah for the navigation of the Arkansas! It is no longer a matter of speculation, but is now a fixed fact—a reality. The “Aunt Sally,” the pioneer steamer of this great Southwestern river, has proved it. JAMES CHRISTIAN.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 10, 1878.


Bushels of wheat wanted at Newman’s Mill. No wheat bought unless in good condition.

                                                         A. A. NEWMAN.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 10, 1878.

MR. NEWMAN’s family will return as soon as we are favored with cooler weather, as will also the family of Mr. Haywood. They will be welcomed by a large circle of friends.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 10, 1878.

MR. A. A. NEWMAN returned from the East last Friday night, where he has been for the past six weeks looking after his flour contracts for the several agencies in the Territory. He reports that times are not much better there than here, and complaints of the stringency of the money market are as loud and frequent there as in the West. Mr. Newman’s contracts call for 1,216,500 pounds of flour, as follows.

Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency: 600,000 lbs.

Wichita Agency: 100,000 lbs.

.     Kiowa and Comanche Agency: 300,000 lbs.

Ponca Agency: 150,000 lbs.

Sac and Fox Agency: 66,500 lbs.

He also has the contract for freighting Indian supplies from Wichita to the Ponca Agency, a distance, probably, of eighty-five or ninety miles.

The awarding of the above contracts to Mr. Newman will create a good home market for a large portion of the wheat raised in Cowley and Sumner counties, and he says he will pay cash for what he buys and for the freighting also. This is business, and we guarantee our farmers a better market here than they can get by hauling their grain sixty or seventy miles to Wichita, or by paying twenty or twenty-five cents per bushel to have it hauled.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 17, 1878.

OUR ARKANSAS CITY FRIENDS desired us to visit their “sea­port” and the “Aunt Sally,” to see for ourselves that the Arkan­sas River was navigable. Well, we went down, and they took us a-riding on the Walnut River, and not on the Arkansas at all. So we did not learn anything new, for we always knew the Walnut was navigable. Courier.


Arkansas City Traveler, August 7, 1878.

MR. C. E. UDELL, of St. Louis, has been in town for the past week. He is sent by the Government to inspect the flour fur­nished by Mr. Newman to the agencies below. The flour is to be delivered in monthly installments, and Mr. Udell, or some other gentlemen, will make monthly trips to inspect the flour.

Winfield Courier, August 8, 1878.

Our reporter had the pleasure of meeting Mr. and Mrs. Udell of St. Louis, Missouri, at Arkansas City on Thursday last. Mr. Udell is the government flour inspector and was looking after the Indian contract recently taken by A. A. Newman, of that place.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 14, 1878.

A. A. NEWMAN has been confined to his home with fever for several days past.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 14, 1878.

The string from Newman’s block to Benedict’s upper story is the conductor of the telephone. You can put your ear at one end and your mouth at the other and hear everything that is said.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 21, 1878.

                                                 NO CUSTOM GRINDING.

Owing to the fact that Mr. Newman has a very large Indian contract to fill, and already has every avail­able space filled with grain, no custom grinding will be done for a few days. Notice will be given when they begin to grind again. Grimes & Woodyard will have their steam mill ready before many days, and can accommodate a great many customers.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 4, 1878.

                                           FREE SHOW NEXT SATURDAY.

Given by an old timer, who chal­lenges competition in all of his undertakings. He will give, free of charge to the public, a tight-rope performance that will astonish the aborigines, if not the more enlightened race. Old “Buffalo Joe” is well known far and wide as a “high-flyer” and a good one generally, and will give a Blondin rope walk on a rope 1-1/2 inch in diameter, stretched from the top of Newman’s high brick to the top of the old green front. The brass band will play a polka, which will be danced by Joe on the rope. He will also run a wheelbarrow across, free for any boy to ride, and will walk blindfolded in a sack. He will give his sensational act on the flying bars and ropes below, fall off and break his neck, etc. So you see you shall not be disappointed.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 11, 1878.

New machinery and new bolts are being put in at Newman’s mill.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 11, 1878.

Custom grinding will be resumed at Newman’s mill as soon as there is sufficient water.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 11, 1878.

Lippmann’s mill will be moved in about three weeks to a new body of timber on Grouse Creek, where he will be able to turn out a large quantity of first class lumber to supply as many new ones as may come.

As Lippmann’s log team with six yoke of oxen attached was crossing the log bridge near Newman’s mill, yesterday, the bridge gave way, and upset the wagon in the creek, and pulled one steer in with it. The boys cut the bow of the one that was hanging by the neck, and saved the rest from being pulled in. Mr. Lippmann thinks he will sue the township for damages.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 11, 1878.

While James Ernuf and James Coffee were sawing logs in the woods down at Lippmann’s mill, two wild cats attacked them, and the boys found it difficult to keep out of the way; but by throwing rocks and clubs at them, they managed to get to the mill, when the cats returned to the woods.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 25, 1878.

The small bridge near Newman’s mill has been repaired so that teams can cross with safety.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 25, 1878.


An accident of quite a serious nature happened to Mr. A. A. Newman, last Monday morning, at his flouring mill on the Walnut. It would appear that Mr. Newman was superintending the loading of some teams. While standing with his back to the pile of 100 lb. sacks of flour from which the loads were being taken, the stack toppled over upon him, crushing him to the ground. He was quickly rescued from his perilous position and was laid upon the mill floor. An examination was made and very luckily nothing more serious was discovered than several bad bruises and a severely sprained ankle. He was, however, so badly shaken as to be unable to stand for several hours and could not be brought to his home until late in the afternoon. At this writing he is progressing favorably.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 2, 1878.

LOST. Saturday, September 28, between Arkansas City and South Bend, on the road by Newman’s mill, the novel, “Souci,” with the owner’s name written on the fly leaf. The finder will confer a favor by leaving the same at this office.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 16, 1878.

Al. Newman gets about on crutches since his ankle was strained by the flour sacks falling on him.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 16, 1878.

RETURNED. Mrs. Newman, with her two children, Pearl and Earl, returned from a protracted visit to Maine last week, accompanied by her sister, Miss Hattie Houghton, who is gladly welcomed back by the many friends she made on her former visit to this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 24, 1878.

Those flour sacks fell over again last week at Newman’s mill, and broke a man’s ribs. They are now piled up for another local.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 31, 1878.

In a few weeks the TRAVELER office will be moved to the basement of Newman’s brick on the corner.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 27, 1878.

An ox train of twelve wagons passed through town on Friday evening, on their way to Ft. Sill. They were loaded with flour that our enterprising townsman, A. A. Newman, had contracted to supply the Indian service. After taking on a quantity of grocer­ies at Schiffbauer’s, they camped on the south side of town. Now is the time to strike for the Santa Fe railroad.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 4, 1878.

                                            Wheat wanted at Newman’s Mill.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 4, 1878.

We have moved the TRAVELER office into new quarters in the Newman block. We think our office will compare favorably with most others in the Southwest, and we extend a welcome to the friends of the TRAVELER.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 25, 1878.

We are informed by the farmers that A. A. Newman is paying better prices for wheat than they can realize at Wichita, after deducting expense of delivery.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 8, 1879.

The ice at the Rock Ford is over one foot in thickness. The farmers are crossing there with loaded sleighs, while many are hauling their wheat to Newman’s Mill.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 29, 1879.

A. A. Newman has put up a fine awning in front of his new brick.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 19, 1879.

                                                     CUSTOM GRINDING

                                                    AT NEWMAN’S MILL.

                                                        February 1st, 1879.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 5, 1879.

A. A. Newman has been awarded the contract to furnish the Poncas cows with young calves at $27.45 per head.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 12, 1879.

A thief lifted the $125 premium harness from the stable of Geo. Newman, at Emporia, last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 12, 1879.

Joseph Sherburne informs us that the contract to furnish the Ponca’s with cows and calves was awarded to him, and not to A. A. Newman, as published in last week’s TRAVELER.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 26, 1879.

110,000 pounds of flour inspected and started off from Newman’s Mill. Freight teams roll out lively.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 9, 1879.

Work on the new bank building opposite Newman’s brick is progressing finely. Our bank will soon have new quarters fitted up in the latest style.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 9, 1879.

The reunion of the Amateur Club will long be remembered as a most delightful evening. Thanks are due to Mrs. Haywood and Newman for the beautiful table spread for the exhausted troops.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 17, 1879. Front Page.

John A. McGuire and one of his hired men went down to Newman’s mill to catch fish. They succeeded in catching one poor little bass. John is much elated with his success and talks of going again, maybe. John McGuire starts a team to Wichita after goods this morning.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1879.

Now that the fishing season has commenced, and we watch the earnest but weary fisherman returning with a few sun-fish and occasionally a bass or small cat; we are firmer in the opinion that Newman’s dam at the mouth of the Walnut should be supplied with a fishway. While our river and creeks are almost destitute of fish, and the lover of the sport must content himself with a few hard-earned finny specimens, and the lover of the fish go hungry, the river below the dam at Arkansas City fairly swarms with fish every summer. With a clear run from the Mississippi, the number that enters the Walnut must be great; and this was evidenced last summer when Arkansas City turned out over a big fish excitement and found the waters below the dam so full of fish that they rushed into the river and caught them in their arms. Our streets were graced with fishmongers from Arkansas City every day, and we could only gaze in wonder and pay ten cents a pound for glorious fish that should, according to all equity, have waved their tails in our own waters. We like fish, but do not like the idea of paying ten cents a pound for what rightfully belongs to us, or risk immediate death munching the bony bodies of little sun-fish. This is a subject that interests not only the people of this place, but the state at large. No better way could be found in which to stock our river and creeks with fine fish than by the opening of this dam at the mouth of the Walnut. Mr. Newman is violating the law and laying himself liable by not furnishing his dam with a proper fish way, and we think if he has any interest in the matter of stocking our streams with fish, he will do the necessary work. We spoke of this last summer, and we are of more opinion than ever that this is a matter of some importance.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 30, 1879.

We are informed that Mr. A. A. Newman has received another flour contract of about one and a half million pounds, to be delivered in the Territory.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 7, 1879.

A. A. Newman returned from the East last Thursday.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 28, 1879.

                                                     Real Estate Transfers.

A. A. Newman and wife to J. M. Holloway, lts. 9 and 21, blk. 132, Ark. City.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 28, 1879.

On Thursday last a large party of grangers gathered on the banks of the Walnut, southeast of the city, and passed the day in fishing. As A. A. Newman has placed in his dam a fish race, the finny tribe came down the river in shoals, and it looked as though the last fish in the Walnut had come to the angling. About two barrels of fish were caught when the party returned to their homes satisfied with their days work.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 4, 1879.

A. A. Newman is loading a wagon train for Ft. Sill and Wichita Agency.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 11, 1879.

Mr. Bohle, flour inspector, is here inspecting the flour on A. A. Newman’s contract.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 11, 1879.

Mr. Matlack has sold his large supply of wheat that he purchased of the farmers to A. A. Newman.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 18, 1879.

                                                              NO MORE

                                                     CUSTOM GRINDING

                                                    AT NEWMAN’S MILL,

                                                       Until Further Notice.

                                                           June 11th, 1879.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 2, 1879.

The Telegram feels sad at the thought of our city sending people to Winfield to rent buildings. Well, we regret it too; but the fact is, every room is full in this town, while parties are hard at work hauling down here some of those empty houses that you folks built, but failed to rent. They are much cheaper than to purchase the lumber. Why, man, your slur at the noble Arkansas is ungenerous. She bore the Aunt Sally upon her bosom last year, and when the boat reached here, you were mean enough to compel Newman to put in a fish race, to let her up to Winfield!  Shame on you, can’t our town have anything unless you feel like stealing it?

Arkansas City Traveler, July 16, 1879.

This evening Mr. Fred. Newman, brother of our townsman, A. A. Newman, and interested in the dry goods House of George Newman, of Emporia, will lead to the hymeneal altar Miss Hood, daughter of Major Hood, one of the wealthiest cattlemen in the State. The affair promises to be decidedly recherche. The fortunate young couple will leave immediately for the East, and their many friends join in wishing them all the happiness obtain­able on this earth.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 16, 1879.

Mrs. Haywood is at Emporia attending the wedding of her brother, Fred Newman.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 30, 1879.

CHARLES H. SEARING purchased A. A. NEWMAN’S MILL last Saturday, and will hereafter run the same. He will supply the flour necessary to complete Mr. Newman’s contract for the Indian Agencies.

Excerpts from long article...


Arkansas City Traveler, August 13, 1879 - Front Page.

                                                        ARKANSAS CITY

In the Chicago Commercial Advertiser of July 31, we find the following account of our thriving city. While the correspondent speaks in glowing terms, he says nothing more than the truth, of which anyone can be convinced by paying us a visit. After commenting upon other points of interest, he says:

                                                       WHAT THEY HAVE

They have not only an elegant high-school building, but one of the best city schools in Southern Kansas. They have a new model brick church that would honor a city of the first class. They have some fine commercial buildings, notably the Newman block, 22 x 100 feet, with O. P. Houghton’s heavy general stock below and the elegantly finished and furnished Masonic hall, jointly occupied by the Blue Lodge and Chapter, above.

O. P. Houghton has an immense stock of general merchandise, completely filling the lower floors of the Newman block, and has a trade of unusually large volume, reaching well into the Indian Territory. 

Excerpts from article...


Arkansas City Traveler, August 13, 1879.

                                               BONDED INDEBTEDNESS.

1st series—Date, Nov. 26, 1872; due Nov. 26, 1882; amount, $4,500, in nine bonds of $500 each; interest 10 percent, payable annually; for bridge near Newman’s mill.

2nd series—Date, Sept. 20, 1873; due Sept. 1, 1883; amount, $7,500, in seven bonds of $1,000 each and one of $500; interest 10 percent, payable semi-annually; for purchase of Arkansas River bridge.

3rd series—Date, May 1, 1877; one bond of $500; due May 1, 1877; interest 10 percent, payable semi-annually; for Walnut River bridge.

This is a statement of the indebtedness of the township, with the exception of a few unpaid orders of this year. Next week we will attempt to show how this amount has been expended. A. WALTON, Trustee.

R. E. MAXWELL, Clerk.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 20, 1879.

Yesterday Hackney & McDonald perfected the sale of their Salt Springs land. The farm consisted of 159 acres of land, on which are situated the famous mineral springs, and was sold to C. R. Mitchell, of Arkansas City, for the sum of $4,000. Messrs. Hackney & McDonald have held the lands some eighteen months, and make a clear profit of $3,500 on the sale. We congratulate them upon their good fortune. Telegram.

These famous springs are now owned in partnership by C. R. Mitchell and A. A. Newman, of this place. They are both shrewd businessmen, have plenty of capital at their command, and if they don’t make three or four times $3,500 out of this venture, you may have our hat. Bob and Al. seldom make much noise, but they know a good thing when they see it.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 27, 1879.

Messrs. Newman and Mitchell, the gentlemen who lately purchased the mineral springs at Salt City, were at that place last Wednesday, looking out a location for their new hotel, which is to be completed this season. It is stated that the hotel when finished will cost ten thousand dollars, and will have every convenience, bath-rooms, etc., and all modern improvements. Wellington Vidette.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 3, 1879.

Fred Newman and his wife returned to Emporia from their Eastern trip last Friday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 3, 1879.

A. A. Newman has purchased the building formerly occupied by the Arkansas City Bank.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 17, 1879.

Messrs. Newman, Channell, and Searing, of Arkansas City, were in Wellington on Wednesday. While here Messrs. Newman and Searing made arrangements with Messrs. Hickman and Hunter, of this city, for 100,000 pounds of flour, to fulfill their flour contract at the Wichita Agency, Indian Territory. The water in the Walnut River is so low at present that Mr. Searing has partly shut down his mill near Arkansas City and is now making some needed repairs. Wellington Vidette.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 17, 1879.

There have been more bona fide real estate transfers in Arkansas City during the past two weeks than in any other town in Southern Kansas. The main transfer was that of Mr. Van Holmes’ lots to Messrs. Newman, Channell, and McLaughlin, each of these gentlemen purchasing a third, the entire number realizing the neat sum of seven thousand dollars. As a result of this transac­tion nearly all the lots in Arkansas City are owned by residents of the town—not for speculation merely, but for sale to parties wishing to build and improve the town. Messrs. Channell & McLaughlin will sell desirable lots on time to responsible parties, provided they will put up good, substantial buildings.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 17, 1879.

Mr. Nelson, the painter, has a dog “as is a dog.”  Some few weeks ago Mrs. Newman lost a parasol, and the dog coming across it picked it up and carried it home, where he takes everything he can find. Mr. Nelson now has a muff which the dog has found somewhere and brought home for safekeeping. If Mr. Nelson will only train the purp to bring home a few purses, filled with money, we would like to buy him.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 24, 1879.

We are informed that the town lots recently owned by Finley, of Emporia, have been purchased by A. A. Newman, Channell & McLaughlin.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 1, 1879.

Mrs. Newman and Mrs. Matlack have been spending a few days at the Mineral Springs.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 1, 1879.

Dr. Minthorn has rented the office in Mr. Newman’s brick, across the hall from C. R. Mitchell’s. He expects to locate here in a few days.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 8, 1879.

Dr. Minthorn has purchased a tract of ground of Robert Mitchell, Esq., northwest of town, and is building a residence. The Dr.’s card appears in this issue of the TRAVELER.


     Office in A. A. Newman’s brick building.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 8, 1879.

J. M. Wilson, of Douglas, has leased of A. A. Newman, the stone building formerly occupied by Col. McMullen, and will put in a good stock of dry goods.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 15, 1879.

Wheat wanted by A. A. Newman.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 22, 1879.

A. A. Newman paid one dollar per bushel for wheat last Monday morning.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 22, 1879.

Mr. George Newman, of Emporia, is in the city visiting A. A. Newman’s family. Mr. Newman has many friends here who will always welcome him.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 22, 1879.

Newman and Mitchell are erecting a handsome bath house at their mineral springs in Salt City, and in another year there will be a grand rush to that favorite resort.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 29, 1879.

The first social event of the season was given last night at the residence of A. A. Newman, in honor of Mrs. George Newman, of Emporia. At 8 o’clock the elite of the city began to gather, and soon the cottage on the corner was filled with the gay and social, who passed the evening as one of the delightful events of their lives. Mrs. George Newman is an accomplished pianist and the sweet music that filled the midnight hour not only charmed the ear but bore testimony of her talent.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 29, 1879.


Strayed from the premises of James Felton, five miles east of Newman’s mill, on Thursday night, October 23, 1879, one sorrel mare, with white face, white legs, and branded on the left thigh, “U,” six years old, and about 14 hands and 3 inches high. Any person finding or giving any information of the same to W. H. Walker, Arkansas City, or W. B. Smith, Falls township, Sumner county, will be suitably rewarded.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 12, 1879.

The team belonging to A. A. Newman was left with a man to hold a few moments one day last week, and as the man forgot there was a team in his care, it dashed away on a run, and made a complete wreck of his handsome family carriage.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 26, 1879.

Thanks to Mrs. Hawkins for a bushel of the finest Irish potatoes we have yet seen in Cowley County. They were raised on Maj. Hawkins’ farm near Newman’s mill on the Walnut, and will favorably compare with the best that are grown in any latitude.

Excerpts from article...

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 10, 1879.

                                                             Indian Items.

In 1878 A. A. Newman took the contract for the following.

100,000 lbs. of flour at Wichita Agency

300,000 lbs. of flour at Kiowa Agency

600,000 lbs. of flour at Cheyenne Agency

150,000 lbs. of flour at Ponca Agency

 66,000 lbs. of flour at Sac & Fox Agency

In all, 1,216,000 pounds, besides the hauling.

A. A. Newman took the contract to deliver goods from Wichita to Ponca Agency at 83 cents per 100 pounds.

NOTE: What Mr. Haywood hauled for $1.98 per hundred, Mr. Fenlon wanted $2.10; and what Mr. Newman hauled for 83 cents, Mr. Fenlon wanted $1.00.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 10, 1879.


COMMITTEE ON ARRANGEMENTS: Mrs. N. B. Hughes, Mrs. Huey, Mrs. A. A. Newman, Mrs. McClung, Mrs. James Benedict.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 17, 1879.

Mrs. Newman was on Monday evening the recipient of Webber’s best piano: a Christmas present from her husband.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 24, 1879.

Bennett Chapter of Royal Arch Masons elected the following officers at their last regular meeting:

High Priest:  S. P. Channell.

King:  A. A. Newman.

Scribe:  C. R. Mitchell.

Treasurer:  O. P. Houghton.

Secretary:  J. L. Huey.

Captain of the Host:  J. I. Mitchell.

Principal Sojourner:  Jas. Benedict.

Royal Arch Captain:  K. Smith.

Master of 3rd Veil:  Jas. Ridenour.

Master of 2nd Veil:  C. M. Scott.

Master of 1st Veil:  L. McLaughlin.

Tyler:  George Russell.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 14, 1880.

Last Friday evening an ox train came in from the Territory to load with flour for some of the Agencies, and camped near Newman’s mill. As the wagon boss was not around, the boys came into town to have a little spree, and by the time the saloons were closed up they were felling pretty good and started for camp singing, swearing, and boasting that no city marshal could take them.

They awakened all the citizens in the northeast part of town by singing low, vulgar songs as loud as they could, and next morning complaint was made to the marshal, who procured a warrant and undertook to arrest them.

All gave themselves up except one man, who resisted and proposed to fight it out; but after a little scuffling, he was secured and lodged in the calaboose. The other four were taken before the Police Judge and fined $10 and costs each, making $19 for each man. They paid their fines and the train moved on across the river and camped, leaving the man that resisted the officer to board it out at the expense of the city, as he told the wagon boss that was what he intended to do. In the afternoon they took him before the Judge for two offenses: disturbing the peace and resisting an officer. He was found guilty of both, and fined $15 and costs, the costs being $9, making $24, and was committed to the calaboose until it was paid. In about three hours the wagon boss came back and paid the fine, and the whole outfit started for the Territory.


Winfield Courier, January 15, 1880.

Mitchell & Newman still continue to bring forward material for the improvement of the springs, and whenever the weather will permit, are at work.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 28, 1880

Mrs. Kidder, of Emporia, is visiting the family of Al. Newman.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 4, 1880.

                                                            Wedding Bells.

GOOCH - HOUGHTON. Married on Wednesday evening, February 4th, at the First Presbyterian Church in Arkansas City, Mr. Wyatt Gooch and Miss Hattie Houghton, by Rev. McClung.

The groom and bride have resided in this city for several years, and have a large circle of friends. Mrs. A. A. Newman held a reception at her residence from 9:30 to 11:30, receiving a large number of friends from this city, Wichita, and Emporia. An elegant repast was served during the evening, and friends were coming and going until after midnight. This was one of the largest receptions ever held in this city, and was enjoyed by all.

The bride was beautifully attired in silver brocade, white satin, point lace, customary veil of Tulle, orange blossoms, and crepon roses, six button kids, jewelry, and orange buds.

Groom: Customary black, button-hole bouquet, white kids.

First Bridesmaid: Miss Angie Mantor, pink silk and combined with Tarleton and Breton lace, six-button kids.

Second Bridesmaid: Miss Clara Finley, blue silk combined with white Tarleton and Breton lace, six-button kids.

Groomsmen: Will Mowry and Mr. C. Swarts, customary black, white kids.

Ushers: Mr. Sylvester and Mr. F. Farrar.

                                                       LIST OF PRESENTS.

Father and mother of the bride, Weld, Maine, a dozen silver knives and forks, 1 dozen teaspoons, 1 dozen tablespoons, 1 dozen dessert spoons, and butter knife.

Mr. and Mrs. A. G. Newman, Weld, Maine, 2 silver dessert spoons.

Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Newman, elegant family Bible.

Mr. and Mrs. George Newman, Emporia, silver cake basket.

Mr. and Mrs. Fred Newman, Emporia, silver pickle castor.

Mr. and Mrs. R. C. Haywood, beautiful cut glass and silver berry dish.

Mr. and Mrs. R. Houghton, silver service.

Mrs. Kidder and Miss Nellie Jones, Emporia, silver pickle castor.

John Gooch, oil painting, clock, bracket.

Pearl and Earl Newman, 1 dozen solid silver teaspoons.

Miss Nellie Jones, Emporia, a set of glove, handkerchief, and jewel box, velvet and stain hand painted, hand painted locket.

Mrs. Storts, Emporia, Gypsy kettle.

Mr. and Mrs. O. P. Houghton, pair chromos.

Mr. and Mrs. T. McLaughlin, castor.

Mr. and Mrs. Eddy, pearl card case, bottle cologne, silver nut cracker.  Bridesmaid and Groomsmen chromo.

Dr. and Mrs. Hughes, chess table.

J. C. Topliff, hanging lamp.

Mr. and Mrs. S. P. Channell, plant stand.

Mr. and Mrs. W. Benedict, satin lined case with pickle fork, butter knife, and sugar shell.

Mr. and Mrs. J. Benedict, silver pickle castor.

Dr. and Mrs. Kellogg and Mr. and Mrs. Sipes, silver cake and pie knife.

Dr. and Mrs. Shepard and Maj. Sleeth and wife, willow chair.

Mr. and Mrs. Huey, willow work basket.

Mrs. Farrar, hand painted necklace.

Mr. and Mrs. Wilson, bronze vases.

Miss Deming, Wichita, bronze bracket, 2 vases.

Mr. and Mrs. T. Mantor, hanging book case.

Mr. and Mrs. Bonsall, beautiful cut flowers.

From the Ushers, silver card case.

Mrs. Watson, bracket.

Mr. and Mrs. Howard, server.

Mrs. L. Finley, spatter-work tidies.

Miss Chamberlain, Kansas City, vases.

W. Mowry, carving knife and fork.

Miss Kate Hawkins, toilet mat.

Mrs. Campbell, real Irish lace. Dust pan, with this in­scription, “Cleanliness is akin to Godliness.”

A whip, an unknown friend.

Broom, with this inscription:

“And I hold, when on the land,

 That a broomstick in the hand,

 A remarkable conciliating tone implants,

 And so do his sisters and his kuss-ins and his aunts.”

                                                     Compliments of C. M. S.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 4, 1880.    

Mr. A. A. Newman designs to bring to Arkansas City this spring the largest stock of dry goods that has yet been brought into the Southwest. The brick store now occupied by Mr. Houghton will be crowded with goods by Mr. Newman and the rooms in the basement in the rear of the TRAVELER office will be the sales room for carpets.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 4, 1880.

Mr. George Newman, the Merchant Prince of Emporia, and family arrived on last Tuesday morning’s train to attend the wedding of Mr. W. Gooch and Miss Hattie Houghton.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 4, 1880.    

The TRAVELER office was made the recipient of a bountiful supply of wedding cake from Mrs. A. A. Newman, and the office boys would like to see a wedding every evening.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 11, 1880. Editorial Page.

                                  An Exhibit of the Transactions of the Board of

                                         Creswell Township for the Year 1879.

To the Citizens of Creswell Township:

Your township officers having completed their duties for the past year, and having been relieved from further service deem it their duty to make a full and complete report of the state of your township at the time they entered upon the duties assigned them, and also the status at the expiration of their term of office.

The debt of the township at the time we entered the office was in bonds as follows:

Bonds for building Walnut River bridge, $5,000.

Bonds for building Arkansas River bridge, $7,500.

In scrip as follows:

Issue of Chamberlain:  $  171.00

Issue of T. McIntire:    1,724.00

Issue of Jas. L. Huey:      406.71

Total:              $2,301.71

Having published a statement of the indebtedness of Creswell Township after our first meeting, we had reason to expect that the public would want to know in what manner the debts were contracted, and whether public officers had a right to create debts to such an amount, and involve the township for years to come.

The debts were created in the usual manner for the require­ments of the township up to the election of Mr. T. McIntire. We give the following figures in regard to the amount of debt created during that administration.

$1,955 was issued for building a bridge across the Walnut River at Newman’s mill, and on the approaches thereto as follows:

To the Missouri Valley Bridge Company, 4 orders, $50 each, 200; 4 orders, $125 each, $500, due in one year; 4 orders, $700, due in two years.

Same company, payable out of delinquent road tax fund, 3 orders, amount $100.

Same company, payable out of same fund, 7 orders, amount $275.

To A. A. Newman, for extra work on Walnut River pier, 7 orders, $100.

To Cap. Nipp for filling approach on the east to the Walnut River bridge, $50.

To A. A. Newman, extra work on the Walnut River bridge, $5.

To Cap. Nipp, filling approach to Walnut River bridge, $25.

In regard to the building of the Walnut River bridge, the facts are that a vote was taken for the purpose of issuing bonds to build a bridge over the Walnut River, at Newman’s mill. The vote carried, but it was discovered by the parties interested that the township could not legally issue over $500 in bonds. The contract which had been previously made to build a bridge was then changed so as to pay $500 in bonds and the balance in township orders, and said change recorded in township books. The township board taking the vote on bonds as authority to them to build a bridge, certain parties agreeing to take part of the orders at par for cash of the Bridge Company.

The present board finding these transactions on the books deemed the last contract entirely illegal; that the township board had no right whatever to make such a contract, or to bind the citizens in payment of such contract, or to issue any town­ship orders in payment of such a debt so contracted, and believ­ing that the parties knew such a contract and payment in orders to be illegal from the fact that they made a previous legal contract in the manner prescribed by law for the purpose named.

In view of these facts the present board considered it their duty to refuse payment of this scrip until it was made a legal debt under a decision of law.

In view of these facts the present board considered it their duty to refuse payment of this scrip until it was made a legal debt under a decision of law.

It having been confidently assert­ed that our action was repudi­ation, and morally wrong, we are perfectly willing to leave it with the citizens of the township to say whether the parties who knowingly, and because it suited their own purpose, entered into an illegal contract, or the parties who have sworn to do their duty and to pay only legal debts, are most in the wrong.

Report for the past year as follows:

Amount of scrip issued by board, A. Walton, trustee, $864.32.

Scrip paid off as follows:

Issue of A. W. Berkey, Principal $4.15; Interest $.80. Total: $4.95.

Issue of Chamberlain, Principal $170.00, Interest $35.55. Total: $205.55.

Issue of T. McIntire, Principal $404.20, Interest $38.11. Total: $442.31.

Issue of Jas. L. Huey, Principal $387.21, Interest $21.03. Total: $408.24.

Issue of Amos Walton, $864.32, all paid.

There was a portion of indebtedness, acquired under Chamber­lain, not fully shown in the books and interest on bonds not figured. With these exceptions we have made a fair exhibit of the books paying every dollar of indebtedness created by our­selves and $1,060.95, made by others. By order of the board. A. WALTON, Trustee. R. J. MAXWELL, Clerk.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 25, 1880.

Mr. A. A. Newman is in the east purchasing a mammoth stock of goods and will be absent several days.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 3, 1880.

The ladies’ society of the First Presbyterian church will meet at Mrs. Newman’s Friday afternoon at three o’clock.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 10, 1880.

The store room in the Newman building has been undergoing repairs and a thorough cleaning up, preparatory to the arrival of a new stock of goods which are being purchased in the East by Mr. Newman.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 10, 1880.

Salt City is expecting the boom in the near future. Consid­erable improvements are underway, among which is the new hotel building of Messrs. Mitchell & Newman, of this city. These gentlemen are making extensive preparations for the accommodation of a large number of guests who annually visit the mineral springs at that place to partake of the health restoring quali­ties of those wonderful waters.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 24, 1880

A nice bulletin board adorns the corner of the Newman building over the old TRAVELER office.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 24, 1880

LOST. Monday, March 15th, 1880, between Parker’s schoolhouse and Newman’s mill, two ladies’ shawls. Finder will please leave them at this office.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 24, 1880.

Dr. Anderson, formerly a practicing physician of Decatur County, Indiana, has formed a business partnership, in this city, with Dr. J. H. Griffith. See their card elsewhere.


                      Office Up stairs in Newman Building, ARKANSAS CITY, KAN.

Professional calls promptly attended to at all hours day and night. Dr. Griffith gives special attention to the treatment of diseases peculiar to women and children. Dr. Anderson gives special attention to surgical disease and surgical operations.

Excerpts from long article...


Arkansas City Traveler, March 24, 1880.

                                                        CASH ACCOUNT.

Amount of cash received by the City Clerk since March 15th, 1879, to March 14th, 1880, both inclusive.

                         1879 Dec. 19: A. A. Newman, stone for Walker’s well: $2.60

Arkansas City Traveler, March 31, 1880.

Mr. A. A. Newman, after an absence of several weeks spent in the east purchasing a new stock of goods, was expected to arrive home on the one o’clock train this morning.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 21, 1880.

Carpenters are at work replacing the awning in front of Newman’s building.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 21, 1880.

                                                        SUNDAY’S WIND.

Last Sunday was a day long to be remembered by the citizens of Arkansas City. The morning promised a nice day, but soon the wind began to blow at a lively rate from the south and by noon had almost reached a gale, changing to the west. Its fury did not abate until near sundown, when it changed around to the north and became more calm.

In looking over the damage done, we find it extends pretty well over the City. During the entire day the air was dense with flying sand and dust.

The awning in front of the Newman building and Schiffbauer Bros. store was blown to pieces; and in falling, broke five of the large plate glass in the front, which cost $15 each, beside the glass in the door.

A dwelling in the northeast of town was unroofed. A shed in the rear of Brooks livery barn was lifted over into the street and demolished. A flying board came in contact with a window in the City Hotel, which was crushed to atoms. The rafters on Lafe McLaughlin’s new residence at the west end of Fourth Avenue, were badly careened. A shade tree on north Summit street was twisted off and landed out in the street. The loose lumber at the lumber yards was picked up by the wind and promiscuously scattered around. Numerous outbuildings were decapitated, upset, or otherwise more or less damaged. Many of the buildings in town were shaken to such a degree as to seriously alarm the occupants, and not a few were hastily propped against impending danger.

Take it all in all, Sunday can be put down as a windy day, and one it is to be hoped the like of which may not again soon visit Southern Kansas.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 21, 1880.

REAL ESTATE FOR SALE. The following property will be for sale till Saturday evening the 24th inst.

My home place 3/4 of a mile northwest of Arkansas City, consisting of ten acres. Good brick dwelling, Stable, Hennery, Carriage House, etc. Five hundred bearing peach trees, 80 apple trees, and every variety of small fruits in abundance. Also ten acres of cultivated land adjoining the above. Also 40 acres of timber land on the Walnut near Newman’s mill. A bargain is offered in the above property. Inquire at my residence. WM. COOMBS.





As stated last week, this issue of the TRAVELER appears under new management, and in this connection a few remarks with reference to the causes which led to this change will not be out of place. At the request of a large number of the citizens of Arkansas City, we had resolved to commence the publication of a new paper, to be called the Arkansas City Republican, and for that purpose purchased and set up a press and other material in the room now occupied by the TRAVELER.

The late publisher of the TRAVELER having signified his willingness to dispose of that property, and we, from our old-time connection therewith, deeming that as publishers of the TRAVELER we could do better and more work, both for our patrons and ourselves, than by commencing the publication of a third paper in the city, entertained his proposition and negotiations were commenced which resulted in our giving up the Republican enterprise and purchasing the Arkansas City TRAVELER, which will hereafter be published by us at the old office in the basement of Newman’s brick.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 28, 1880.

                        W. E. GOOCH.   ESTABLISHED 1871.   A. A. NEWMAN.

                                                    A. A. NEWMAN & CO.,

             Wholesale Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps, Notions, Carpets.

We would respectfully announce to the citizens of Arkansas City and vicinity that we have now opened and are receiving the largest and most complete stock of Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps, and Notions ever brought to this market. It is our hope that, by strict attention to business, fair dealing and lowest prices, we shall merit and obtain a liberal share of your patronage.

Kansas City, St. Louis, and Chicago prices duplicated.

Thanking you for past favors, we are, very respectfully, yours, A. A. NEWMAN & CO.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 28, 1880.

Rudolph Hoffmaster has rented the Star Restaurant to Mrs. Finney, who will carry on the business henceforth. Mr. Hoffmaster and family have removed to the Salt Springs and are now in charge of the Newman & Mitchell bath rooms at that place.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 28, 1880.

Life’s chequered path is full of woe

‘And perils beset us wherever we go.

The above is apropos of an adventure which befell a party of ladies and gentlemen from this city who were enjoying a picnic in the immediate vicinity of the sanatorium and baths recently built by Newman & Mitchell on the borders of that modern Siloam—Salt Springs. The dramatis personae at this matinee were Mrs. Hutchins, of Iowa, Mrs. Bonsall, Mr. and Mrs. T. C. Bird, and several visitors from Ohio, who one and all did themselves very much proud by the manner in which they rendered their respective parts of this serio-comic escapade.

All were comfortably seated around the orthodox picnic board and reveling in the natural beauties of this classic spot, yet not so absorbed as to prevent them enjoying the goodly comestibles, which were rapidly disappearing before appetites sharpened by a three hours’ ride in a Kansas zephyr.

Suddenly their affrighted gaze beheld a cloud of inky black­ness, here and there rent by forked tongues of flame, which rushing forward with frightful velocity seemed to hiss and crackle in anticipation of the holocaust about to be offered up. The wildest confusion ensued; gentlemen rushed frantically to the rescue of their teams, while the ladies grabbed promiscuously for queensware and rent the air with shrieks of dire distress. ‘Tis always darkest just before dawn, and so in this case, when hope had almost fled and the inevitable was about to be accepted, the raging element sprang towards its prey, but the grass gave out and it sank to rise no more.

Lunch was resumed and each one admitted that collectively there had been somewhat of a scare but insisted that individually it required something more than an ordinary prairie fire to make them start.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 5, 1880.

“TRAVELER Office,” basement of A. A. Newman’s block. Don’t forget it.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 5, 1880.

It is with much pleasure that we call attention to the “ad” of the new firm of A. A. Newman & Co., which appears in this issue. Their magnificent store and show rooms occupy the base­ment and first floor in the corner brick on East Summit street and Fifth avenue. An investigation of their establishment discloses the fact that they have on hand one of the largest and best selected stocks of dry goods, notions, clothing, hats and caps, boots and shoes, ladies’ and gents’ underwear, etc., that has ever been brought to this city. Among the many novelties we specially noticed some choice silk dolmans and fichus, superb gros grain and other silks; satins in all colors, and an inimita­ble assortment of buntings, momie cloths, brocades, and brocatels. Pacific and figured lattice lawns, printed cambrics, etc. An elegant and recherche line of two- to six-button kid gloves in all colors, parasols, ribbons, lace fichus, ties, hosiery, handkerchiefs, and other fancy articles too numerous to mention. The members of the firm, Messrs. A. A. Newman and W. E. Gooch, need no recommendation at our hands, they having been severally identified with the business interests of our town for many years; have earned a reputation for courtesy and square dealing and as businessmen are sans reproche.



Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, May 12, 1880.

                                                      BRINY DRIPPINGS.

                                                     Salt City, May 9, 1880.

Ed. Traveler: In order to be in the style, I must report a goodly quantity of dry weather, much to the detriment of our wheat. A rain anyway soon, however, will guarantee us something over half a crop. Our farmers look somewhat blue, as they are not used to drouths. I would take this occasion to advise the farmers to plant more corn, and not confine themselves so exclu­sively to wheat. A diversity of crops pays better every time.

Eight or ten couples from your city visited our moral village last Wednesday. They passed through town on their way to the bath house, horses prancing, girls driving, and all looking as if they felt their oats. After taking a good bath and gouging the sand out of their eyes, they repaired to McLay’s grove, in which “boundless contiguity of shade” allowed them to enjoy a hearty picnic dinner. The dinner looked tempting, and reminded us of the “aid” days, only we didn’t get some.

Salt City has improved wonderfully during the last six months. Several new buildings have been erected in that time. Berkey’s large stone is nearing completion, and Newman & Mitchell’s bath house would be an ornament to Saratoga. New people are seen on our streets daily, some investing, and others rusticating in the suburbs, where Mr. Hoffmaster, formerly of your city, ministers to their comfort.

Horse races are of frequent occurrence in this place. There were three last Saturday, when several of the boys dropped the dollar they should have invested in a shirt.

With love for all the afflicted, which includes the newspa­permen, we are,

                                                         MY WIFE AND I.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 12, 1880.

Newman is bound that Winfield shall not beat Arkansas City in the way of cheap goods.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 19, 1880.

If you want to see something that discounts anything of its kind ever brought to Arkansas City, step into A. A. Newman & Co.’s store and take a peep at that handsome glove case. Al. says there is no use in half-way doing things, hence he has gone to the expense of a small farm to procure the above case and its complete assortment of gloves.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 9, 1880.

During the storm of last Monday morning, Mahlon Hunter, living just east of Newman’s mill, lost two horses by lightning. The stable and other outbuildings were set on fire by the elec­tric fluid and both horses were instantly killed. No other damage was done.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 16, 1880.

A. A. Newman has returned from New York, where he has been the past week, during which time he secured Government contracts for supplying some 1,400,000 pounds of flour for Territorial consumption. The flour is deliverable here, and will be distrib­uted as follows: 700,000 pounds to Cheyenne, 500,000 pounds to Wichita, and 200,000 pounds to other Agencies. We understand Mr. Searing will manufacture the flour at his mill on the Walnut.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 30, 1880.

A. A. Newman & Co. are again to the front with an entirely new stock of summer and fall goods and notions of every descrip­tion, which constitute a stock that for choice of selection and excellence of quality is seldom seen in the Southwest. Mr. Newman has just returned from the East, where he has been pur­chasing the same, and having bought them himself under circum­stances that enabled him to take every advantage of the markets, we can safely say that this firm will sustain the reputation they have already gained for selling the best goods for the lowest prices.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 30, 1880.

HURRAY FOR THE FOURTH. Just think of it. Lawns 12-1/2 cents a yard at A. A. Newman & Co.’s.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 30, 1880.

Prints 5 cents a yard at A. A. Newman & Co.’s.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 7, 1880.

                                                     TERRITORY ITEMS.

                                            [From the Cheyenne Transporter.]

Mr. Newman, of Arkansas City, received the flour contract for this Agency.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 7, 1880.

Al. Newman holds the money for a nobby hat for either Cap. Nipp or W. Wentworth, to be decided when the ides of November tell us which man got the most electoral votes for President. Nipp is safe for a new hat.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 7, 1880.

Newman heard the census returns from his native town, Weld, Maine, the other day, and says that ten years ago the population was 1,140; but that its increase had been such that at the present time it numbers some 1,050 souls—a falling off of ninety in ten years.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 14, 1880.

Mrs. Wheeler, of Boston, cousin of Mrs. A. A. Newman, is paying her relatives of this place a visit this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 14, 1880.

The good folks of the Presbyterian church will give one of their old-time socials at the residence of Mr. Newman tomorrow evening. All are cordially invited, and we guarantee an enjoy­able time.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 14, 1880.

A number of the elite, among whom were Mr. and Mrs. Newman, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. McLaughlin, Mr. and Mrs. O. P. Houghton, Mrs. Matlack, Mrs. Gooch, and Mrs. Wheeler, went to Ponca Agency yesterday. The trip was in honor of Mrs. Wheeler, now visiting in this city.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 14, 1880.

                                                         30,000 BUSHELS

                                OF WHEAT WANTED AT SEARING’S MILL.

                            INQUIRE OF A. A. NEWMAN OR AT THE MILL.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 14, 1880.

CORSETS JUST RECEIVED. A very large assortment of corsets in various styles and at unprecedentedly low prices at

                                                     A. A. Newman & Co.’s.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 28, 1880. Front Page.

                                                        GEUDA SPRINGS.

Geuda is a Ponca word, meaning healing waters. The springs, eight in number, and all different, are near Salt City, in Sumner County, Kansas. The nearest railroad is Arkansas City, about eight miles southeast of the Springs, although they are within a circle formed through Arkansas City, Winfield, Oxford, Welling­ton, and Hunnewell, all railroad towns. The proprietors, Messrs. Newman and Mitchell, of Arkansas City, have erected a commodious and tasteful bath house at the Springs, and the place is begin­ning to be quite a resort for the ailing. Some remarkable cures of catarrh, rheumatism, and cutaneous diseases are related. There are always camps of invalids in the vicinity. When the analysis is completed, the Commonwealth will probably have more to relate. Enough now, the place is certain to become famous and fashionable. Commonwealth.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 28, 1880.

DENTISTRY. M. B. VAWTER, of Louisville, Kentucky, has located in Arkansas City, and solicits the patronage of the public. Satisfaction guaranteed, or money refunded. Office in Matlack’s brick. References: A. A. Newman and S. Matlack.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 4, 1880.

Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Newman and family took their departure, last Monday, for Minneapolis, where they will make a short stay, visiting relations and friends, and then proceed to their former home in Weld, Maine, to spend two or three months of the heated term. Before returning, Mr. Newman will visit New York, Boston, and other eastern markets, for the purpose of buying in a full stock of fall goods for this market.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 11, 1880.

Mr. A. A. Newman and family, of Arkansas City, and his brother, G. W. Newman, of this city, and family, started Wednes­day for New York, by way of the lakes, a trip that will combine business and pleasure. Emporia Journal.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 18, 1880.

A stone sidewalk is being laid on the south side of A. A. Newman & So.’s store on Fifth Avenue.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 13, 1880.

An incident of a distressing nature happened on our streets, yesterday, about noon, to a stranger as he was coming from the depot. As he approached the store of A. A. Newman & Co., he was observed to become excited, conducting himself very peculiarly, wildly clutching at the air, and finally with a deep groan sank to the earth. Several passers-by ran to his assistance, but for some time he remained unconscious, only opening his eyes for a moment to close them in another spasm. Finally he recovered with a gasp, and as he looked at the pile of boot and shoe boxes in front of A. A. Newman’s store, he shuddered and exclaimed: “Do my eyes deceive my ear sight?”  He desired to be conducted before a notary public, that he might swear to the fact that A. A. Newman & Co. have the largest, best, and cheapest stock of boots and shoes ever brought to this city. Dot ish so!

Arkansas City Traveler, October 27, 1880.

The largest stock of general dry goods ever brought to the city is now being opened at A. A. Newman & Co.’s where bargains of all kinds are daily presented to the hosts of customers who through their store rooms from early morn till dewy eve.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 10, 1880.

Mrs. Al Newman and Mrs. Theoron Houghton returned to Arkan­sas City last Friday, after an extended visit in the Eastern States.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 1, 1880.

Miss Delia Newman, of East Wilton, Maine, arrived in this city yesterday, and proposes making an extended visit with her relatives, Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Newman.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 1, 1880.

Mr. Pratt and wife, of Minneapolis, are visiting the family of A. A. Newman. They contemplate remaining throughout the winter months, Mr. Pratt’s health necessitating a change from the cold climate of Minneapolis.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 8, 1880.

Earl Newman is all boots and overcoat now.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 5, 1881.

Mr. F. C. Newman, of Emporia, is spending a few days with his relatives in this city. It has been three years since Fred was among us, and he now brings a handsome wife and child to share the welcomes of his friends.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 12, 1881.

                                                            THE CANAL.

A mass meeting of our citizens was held in the schoolhouse last Thursday night for the purpose of discussing the merits and demerits of constructing a canal from the Arkansas to the Walnut river. Despite the stinging cold weather, the house was crowded, showing the interest manifested by our people in this import project.

The meeting was called to order by Dr. Chapel, and on motion of A. A. Newman, he was elected chairman. J. C. Topliff was chosen as secretary, and the business of the evening commenced.

I. H. Bonsall was first called for, who prefaced his remarks with the statement that he had no interest in this matter other than as a taxpayer in common with hundreds of our citizens; but he had been requested to lay before the meeting the modus operan­di of this canal project that the voters might act intelli­gently thereon.

For the benefit of all interested we hereby give as clear a statement of the proposition as possible.

It has been several years since the question of a race or canal between the two rivers was first talked of—it being quite apparent that there was considerable fall, and consequently a good water power, to be obtained by so doing. But, while all were satisfied that the fall was there, and were agreed upon the great advantages its successful development would give to our city, it was equally clear that they lacked one essential agent in such an undertaking—the wherewith or cash.

Last spring Mr. James Hill, a gentleman of considerable wealth, came to Arkansas City, and at once purchased property with the intention of making his home here. He is a civil engineer, and has had large experience in railroad building and projects similar to the one now before the people. It was not long ere his attention was called to these two rivers, but until less than two months ago, he had not made a definite proposition to our citizens. After some talk with the leading businessmen, he went before the council with a proposition for the city to furnish aid in the sum of $20,000 and he would guarantee the construction of a canal giving a 500-horsepower, his estimated cost of which was from $40,000 to $50,000. An election being ordered to determine whether the city should vote bonds to further this enterprise, competent and disinterested engineers were sent for, that a survey could be made; and by their report and estimates, the people could be governed. Messrs. Knight & Bontecou, of Kansas City, spent several days at this business, and make the following report.

Fall between the two rivers, 21.8 ft. Length of canal, about three miles. Two estimates were made on the cost of construction.

1. A canal 34 feet wide on surface of water, 6 feet deep, and 10 feet wide on the bottom, will require about 294,000 yards of excavation, at a cost of $44,100; gates for 700-horse­power, $14,000. Total: $58,100.

2. For a canal 32 feet wide on surface of water, 5.5 feet deep, and ten feet wide on bottom, 244,000 cubic yards of excava­tion, $36,600; gates for 500-horsepower, $13,000.

Total: $49,600.

These estimates do not include the usual 10 percent margin claimed by all engineers in giving estimates of cost.

Mr. Hill’s plan is to secure the aid asked for from the city, in which case he guarantees the construction of the canal, let it cost forty, fifty, or sixty thousand dollars.

As soon as the election is held, if favorable, the books of the company will be open for the sale of stock to any desiring to purchase. Shares are to cost $25 each, and each share is to have one vote. The city, by its agent (whomsoever may be chosen to act as such), will be entitled to 800 votes at all meetings and on all questions bearing on the disposition of stock, and the city’s stock shall not be sold or disposed of without consent of a majority of the legal voters in the city.

These books will be open thirty days, at the expiration of which time Mr. Hill will take all stock unsold. Mr. Hill is to give bond for the faithful performance of his contract, bond to be approved by the city’s agents.

Mr. Bonsall dwelt at some length on the advantages offered by this scheme in the way of furnishing employment to the idle ones among us, besides bringing many more people to our city.

Mr. Hill was next called for, and said that as the gentleman preceding him had stated the case very clearly, it now remained for the people to determine whether it was worthy of their sup­port. That it would pay, he did not doubt, as he had no idea of coming here and sinking his money between two rivers. He was confident capitalists would come as soon as the power was ob­tained, as that was the greatest obstacle. It was not necessary to wait for outsiders to come in and build mills. Our own businessmen could make a big thing in building and running flour mills. As proof of this he cited that in 1879 Cowley County raised 700,000 bushels of wheat, and in the coming year it was fair to presume this amount would be increased to 1,000,000 bushels, which could be ground by the mills placed on this canal instead of shipping it away. He for one would put up a mill before waiting on Eastern capital.

A. C. Williams was called up and opposed the project because he thought it cost too much, and he wanted the canal to run on the town site. He was of the opinion that a canal answering all the purposes of the one proposed could be built for $3,000 or $4,000, upon which Mr. Newman promptly guaranteed him a bonus of $2,000 in case he would give bond for the completion of such a canal for $5,000.

C. M. Scott also thought it cost too much money, and while admiring the spirit and grit of the town, suggested that it was too heavy a burden to saddle on a small community.

Mr. Newman believed we had a fair and square proposition before us, and thought every effort of this kind helped to build up our town. Mr. Newman has had large experience with water power, and is strongly in favor of this scheme, believing it will insure lasting success to our city, and that if we are wide awake, we can induce Eastern capitalists to come in.

Many others followed with their opinions for and against, after which Mr. Hill was recalled to answer some points in dispute, and at the close of the meeting the general sentiment was strongly in favor of the canal. The main opposers at the start are now in favor of voting the aid asked, and the bonds will be carried “by a large majority.”

The meeting adjourned to last night, everybody feeling better for having attended.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 12, 1881.

The patrons of livery stables are requested to notice the new advertisement of D. A. McIntire in this issue. He has a good stable and will make it to your interests to patronize him.

AD:                              PARLOR LIVERY, D. A. McINTIRE, Proprietor.

                                                           GOOD TEAMS

                                                Furnished on short notice and at

                                                              Lower Prices

                                                            Than heretofore.

An omnibus is kept for the benefit of excursion parties and meets all trains.

                               Stables on Fifth Avenue, just east of Newman’s Store.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1881.

Miss Nellie Jones, of Emporia, is visiting Mrs. Newman of this city.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 2, 1881.

We take pleasure in calling attention to the professional card of Dr. Loomis in this issue. The doctor has removed his office into the room over A. A. Newman’s store, where he will be pleased to see all who may desire his services. Dr. Loomis has had fifteen years’ experience in dentistry, and we can confident­ly recommend him as a first-class dentist.


 Office, first door to the right, over Newman’s store, in Arkansas City, Kansas.

                                         Artificial teeth, $10. All work guaranteed.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 23, 1881.

Mrs. Ben Haywood, Miss Delia Newman, and Miss Nellie Jones left on Monday, the former lady for Topeka and the others for Emporia.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 23, 1881.

Mr. A. A. Newman, one of our most enterprising merchants, left for New York last week, in order to lay in a large and complete stock of dry goods, etc., for the coming spring. The first arrival will be here in about two weeks’ time, when we predict quite a treat in the way of bargains and novelties.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 13, 1881.

A. A. Newman returned from the East Saturday, where he has been purchasing his spring stock of Dry Goods, Clothing, etc.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 20, 1881.

A prairie fire in the northwest part of town last Thursday was, with difficulty, prevented from doing a great amount of damage. By dint of hard work it was overpowered, but at one time it seemed probable that Mr. Norton’s house would burn, as well as several others in the neighborhood. Mr. Norton lost his grape vines, and Mr. Newman had about one hundred nice young fruit trees destroyed by this fire.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 27, 1881.

A. A. Newman has gone to New York.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 11, 1881.

A. A. Newman returned to the city yesterday from a trip East, where he has been looking up government contracts.

A. A. Newman has been awarded the contract for supplying several of the Indian agencies with flour the coming year.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 18, 1881.

Cowley County has again carried away more than her share of the contracts for government Indian supplies recently let at Washington. Our well known and enterprising citizen, A. A. Newman, has been awarded the flour contract for the coming year, which will be somewhere in the neighborhood of 2,000,000 pounds. This has to be hauled to the several agencies by the Indians themselves, which will make “Lo” anything but scarce on our streets for some time to come.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 25, 1881.

Our old friend, F. Bohle, U. S. Inspector of Indian sup­plies, was in town last week, and examined and passed some 200,000 pounds of flour for the agencies in the Territory. Not a single pound of flour was rejected during this inspection, which augurs well for the first-class flour turned out by Messrs. Searing & Mead, at the Walnut Mills. This is the last inspection but one under the old contract. One more inspection will fulfill the contract granted in 1880, and work will at once be commenced upon the flour contracts awarded to A. A. Newman, a few weeks ago, for the coming year’s supplies.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 25, 1881.

                                                       IT IS TOWN TALK

That the stocks of Dry Goods, Clothing, etc., to be found at the store of A. A. Newman & Co., Houghton & Speers, O. P. Houghton, and Stacy Matlack cannot be equaled elsewhere in the county.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 25, 1881.

Silk Girdles, new styles, at A. A. NEWMAN & CO.’s.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 1, 1881.

A. A. Newman & Co.’s store is adorned with a new awning.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 1, 1881.

On Tuesday of last week Mr. and Mrs. R. C. Haywood returned to their home in this city, from a visit to friends in the East. They were accompanied by Mrs. F. C. Newman, of Emporia, who will probably spend several weeks with her friends and relatives in this city.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 8, 1881.

Mr. and Mrs. F. Rogers, of New York, are in town visiting the family of A. A. Newman.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 8, 1881.

Mrs. F. C. Newman, Mr. and Mrs. F. Rogers, accompanied by A. A. Newman, are now doing the Territory in the vicinity of Ponca Agency.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 8, 1881.

New Brussels carpets, with border to match, at A. A. NEWMAN & CO.’s.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 8, 1881.

All Wool Lace Bunting, at 15 cents per yard, at A. A. NEWMAN & CO.’s.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 15, 1881.

Mrs. F. C. Newman returned to Emporia on Monday last.


Arkansas City Traveler, August 3, 1881.

                                             GEUDA MINERAL SPRINGS.

The people of Cowley, Sumner, and adjoining counties are just wakening up to the fact that the “Geuda Mineral Springs,” near Salt City, Kansas, are fast becoming quite a popular health resort. The history of these springs is, that the s. w. 1/4 of Sec. 6, R. 34, Tp. 3, on the west line of Cowley County, was purchased of the government by a Mr. Walpole when the Osage lands first came into market, supposing it to be quite valuable on account of a large salt marsh and some very clear water springs that were on the land, since which time the land has passed through several hands.

The quarter section opposite this tract was at about the same time purchased by other parties for the famous salt spring on that tract, and for over two years salt was manufactured there, but on account of the vats being constructed of inferior lumber, and because there was no transportation for the salt produced, the manufacture was abandoned until this summer, when James Hill & Co. got a ten year’s lease of the land and have commenced to manufacture again, and the salt produced is of the very best quality, equal to any salt we have ever seen, and it is claimed that the water produces 1-3/4 pounds to the gallon, being equal to the great Syracuse salt well, at Syracuse, New York, heretofore claimed to be the strongest salt water in the world.

Messrs. Hill & Co. are under contract to manufacture 500,000 pounds of this salt the coming year, and at least 1,000,000 per year for the balance of the term of their lease.

As the water is almost inexhaustible, the prospects for an extensive salt manufactory appears to be good.

The clear water springs on the other tract were, for several years, supposed to be of no particular value, as the water in most of the springs had a very strong taste of mineral, and, to a person unaccustomed to drinking mineral water, was very disagree­able to taste.

Robert Mills, Esq., however, an old resident of Salt City, was seriously afflicted with the rheumatism, and, having tried about everything else, concluded to try the water of these springs, and in a short time all symptoms of rheumatism disappeared.

At about the same time, or soon after, others began to use the water for different diseases, and almost invari­ably found relief. The people in the near neighborhood soon had a great deal of faith in the curative properties of the water, but it was not publicly known or generally used until Messrs. Hackney & McDon­ald, of Winfield, Kansas, purchased the land, and Judge McDonald, who was very seriously afflicted with eruptions on his face, which he had been unable to get cured, concluded to try the use of his own medicine, and to his surprise, he was cured up by using the waters for a very short time by bathing his face.

Then Dr. James Allen, who had been at most of the watering places in the United States for his health and finding no relief (he being afflicted very badly with diabetes, and also catarrh—so much so, in fact, that he was unable to even walk), came to try the benefits of these waters, and in a few month’s time was entirely cured.

The news spread until the people generally in the counties of Cowley, Sumner, and some of the adjoining coun­ties, would after­ward, when afflicted, go to Salt City for their health; and there being no accommodations whatever at the springs, they were compelled to camp out.

During the summer and fall of 1879 there were often 8 or 10 tents to be seen near the springs, occupied by persons in search of health.

Messrs. Hackney & McDonald, being attorneys with a very lucrative practice, were not in a situation to improve the springs and sold the same to Messrs. Newman & Mitchell, of our town, for $4,000 cash, and in a short time, probably the best bath house in the State was erected near the springs, and during the summer and fall of 1880, on Saturdays and Sundays, from one to three hundred persons would visit the springs; generally going out of curiosity, but now it has become so popular a place for health that it is impossible to accommodate all who go.

The springs, so far as we are able to learn, have never yet failed to cure ulcerations and other diseases of the uterus, rheumatism, skin and blood diseases, dyspepsia, diabetes, catarrh, and diseases of the liver, kidneys, and digestive organs in general, and are especially effective in female diseases, rheumatism, and affections of the skin and blood.

We have, heretofore, always been skeptical about cures of such magnitude as claimed here, “but seeing is believing,” and we have personally known of at least fifty persons who have been undoubtedly cured by the use of these waters, and we are told that at least five hundred persons have been cured, and we do not doubt it in the least.

Most of our people who have been talking of an expensive trip to Hot Springs, Saratoga, or Colorado, are now going to Geuda Springs. The springs themselves are a natural curiosity. There are seven of them, and they each contain a different kind of mineral, and are within a circle of twenty-five feet in diameter, and it does not require a chemical analysis to detect the difference, as it is readily distinguished by the taste. There are two of these within eight feet of each other that taste as different as does common rainwater and vinegar. It is well worth a trip to anyone who has never seen them to make the trip for that purpose alone.

The ancients supposed that such springs that were of a healing nature, were manipulated by spirits of ghosts—Bethesda, Siloam, and others are instances of such belief. Modern scien­tists, however, have, by chemical analyses, discovered that the curative properties of such springs consists in the different kinds of minerals contained in the waters, and the minerals found in this state are undoubtedly natures purest remedies.

A qualitative analysis of the Geuda Springs shows that they contain the bicarbonates of iron, soda, magnesia, and calcium; sulphates of ammonia and magnesia; chlorides of sodium and potassium; iodide of sodium, bromide of potassium, sulphur and silica, and are strongly charged with carbonic gas.

The name “Geuda” is taken from the Indian name “Ge-u-da,” meaning healing, and, although not euphonious, is very appropri­ate. We say this because we have personally tested many of the mineral springs of this country and Europe, and have never known any, in our opinion, to equal their healing and curative proper­ties. The letter “G” in this name has the hard sound, as in the word “get.”

We are informed that a joint stock company is about to be formed, called “Geuda Springs Co.,” and that it is the intention to build a new hotel, and make other improvements which are greatly needed, as not more than half the people, who now want to go there, can be accommodated with boarding. If we mistake not, by the time next spring opens, Salt City and Geuda Springs will experience a boom, such as it never before thought of, and all she will need is a railroad, connecting her with the commercial world, which in time will be built. A narrow gauge road connect­ing it with our town can easily be built if taken hold of right, and thus be a great benefit to both places.

There is also a large quantity of excellent salt water, or more properly brine, there running to waste, which, if here, might just as well as not be manufactured into salt. We see no good reason why pipes should not be laid and this water conveyed here in the near future. By this means it could be utilized not only to the benefit of our town, but to Cowley County, and the adjacent counties. We believe there is some hostility to this enterprise, but if the people in the neighborhood of these springs cannot manufacture it themselves, it is certainly a dog in the manger policy to object to others doing so, especially when they would be equally benefitted by the undertaking.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 3, 1881.

A. A. Newman is in the East preparing for the fall trade in dry goods.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 3, 1881.

Mrs. Haywood, Mrs. Newman, Mrs. Gooch, and Mrs. Searing started yesterday for Geuda Springs, where they will probably remain one week, and perhaps longer.

Inserts showing people from Arkansas City to Geuda Springs...

Arkansas City Traveler, August 10, 1881.

                                                       SALT CITY ITEMS.

                                           SALT CITY, AUGUST 7TH, 1881.

The following is a list of the visitors at the Geuda Springs Bath House for the week ending August 7, 1881: [From Arkansas City]

B. C. Swarts, M. Stanton, C. R. Mitchell, Mrs. E. H. Matlack, Miss Mary Matlack, Miss Lucy Walton, Mrs. A. A. Newman, Mrs. W. Gooch, Mrs. R. C. Haywood, Mrs. J. H. Searing, Mrs. Parmenter, H. Endicott and wife, P. Endicott, Mrs. Tyner, J. Kelly, Mrs. H. P. Farrar, Mrs. C. A. Howard.


Winfield Courier, August 11, 1881.

For a few days there has been “music in the air” and charges flying thick about that the Arkansas City Water Power Company was making an attempt to freeze out the city’s interest and get full control of the canal property. The feeling seemed to be that there was a swindle out somewhere and for the past week we have been receiving communications and questions from subscribers at Arkansas City asking for information on the subject. We resolved at once to investigate and publish the facts.

Monday morning a reporter examined the records relating to the different transfers between the city, the canal company, and the stockholders.

We found that the principal instruments on file were: First, a deed from the City to the Arkansas City Water Power Company covering the right of way for the canal. The consideration named is $327.25 in cash, and 800 shares of $25 each, of stock in the company.

Second, a trust deed, executed in favor of Calvin Hood and Geo. A. Newman, of Emporia, covering the canal, right of way, and all the property pertaining thereto and improvements made in the future thereon.

The trust deed is executed for the purpose of securing fifty $1,000 first mortgage bonds, drawing seven percent interest and payable in twenty years. The deed also pledges the revenues derived from the property first to the payment of interest, and the residue to the creation of a sinking fund for the redemption of the bonds.

This trust deed, executed as it is, annihilates the stock, as it takes the dividend from the stock and applies it to the payment of, and interest on, the mortgage bonds. It is, in effect, collecting the revenue for years to come in advance.

After an examination of the records, it looked very much as if the city held $20,000 of worthless stock, which could in no event bring any revenue. At noon we took the train for the city to interview the parties interested and gather such facts as might be learned of the condition of affairs.

Upon arrival there we found much uneasiness among the people, and the city government and canal company at swords points. Every citizen we met had a different theory as to the “intentions and designs” of the canal company. One asserted that the company had built the canal with the citizens money and had enough left to pay handsomely for their trouble, and that now they had mortgaged the concern for $50,000 and pocketed the proceeds. The opinion of this calculating citizen was that the five members of the canal company had cleared about $10,500 each on the transaction. Another, a very vehement gentleman, who looked wise and talked “around the corner” told us, with a “wink and two nods,” that the “scheme” was to let the interest payments go by default, the property be sold, and the company would buy it in for a song and thereby wipe out the city’s interest.

We then approached Mr. Matlack, a member of the canal company. We found him to be a very pleasant gentleman. He referred us to Mr. Hill, the contractor, for any information we might wish, and stated that, although a member of the company, he knew little of the “inner workings” of the concern, and had taken hold of it purely as a public enterprise calculated to benefit the town and community.

                                                       MAYOR KELLOGG

was the next person approached. We found him alone in his drug store, introduced ourself, stated the object of our visit, and asked for such information as he might desire to give us for the benefit of the people. The gentleman surveyed us from head to foot for a moment, his lower jaw began to droop like the muzzle of a prize bull-dog, and while our eyes wandered toward the door, his euphonious voice came swelling across the counter like the low gurgling of a festive jackass, demanding by what right we pre­sumed to interview him, and what business we had to interfere in a matter which should be settled by themselves.

We politely informed him that we were seeking information for the four hundred subscribers in the vicinity, part of whom had helped to elect him to the exalted position he now occupied, for the purpose of looking after their interests, and who look to us for information as to whether he was doing his duty or not.

That we were there to get his story, and that if he hadn’t any, we would make one for him. That the people demanded to know some­thing of this matter and had a perfect right and privilege to do so. We talked to him like a preacher; and like a converted sinner, he began to see light in the distance, his heart and mouth opened, and he imparted to us the astounding information that “The canal was being built!”

We thanked him for this. He then said he thought the city’s interests in the enterprise were safe enough, and when we asked him what in thunder he was howling about then, he grew restless and intimated that he wasn’t quite so certain about the city’s interests, as a “Winfield lawyer” had told him they were all right. We came to the conclusion that about all he knew about the “city’s interests” was what someone else had told him, and our conclusions were confirmed by subse­quent discoveries. One impression we received from the Mayor’s discourse was that he fancied he had made a grand mistake, and allowed the city to be swindled, and that he would like to choke off the newspapers until he could get the matter in shape to go before the people. In fact, he told us that he thought the newspapers had no busi­ness “interfering” (as he called it) in the matter until it was settled, as it would excite the people and “set everyone to talking.” He dwelt particularly on the point of “interference,” and like Jeff Davis with secession: “All he wanted was to be let alone.”

                                                          MAJOR SLEETH,

Another of the canal company, was found in his office. He greeted us cordially and talked frankly, fairly, and earnestly about the matter. He said that he had taken hold of the matter because he felt that it would be a benefit to the city; and that he had, aside from investing money of his own in the enterprise, entered into bonds and contracts for the creation of the water power. That he and other members of the company were perhaps as large property holders as any in the city, that a large share of the burden of taxation would fall upon them, and that they had every interest of the city as well as the enterprise at heart. He further said that he regretted the feeling of distrust exist­ing in the community, that the canal must be made a success or everything would be lost, as the string of public credit and private subscription has been drawn to its fullest tension, and a recoil would snap it asunder. That under such circumstances, it behooved every citizen to put his shoulder to the wheel and help push, instead of throwing cold water on those who did. The major’s talk was forcible and logical and convinced us that he, at least, was true to the public cause, which, if successful, will of lasting benefit to the city.

                                                               MR. HILL.

In the afternoon we drove with Mr. Sleeth to the works, and found Mr. Hill hard at work by the dam site, superintending the repairs being made on the structure. An appointment for the evening was made to talk over the situation.

Mr. Hill was on hand promptly at the appointed hour, and in a clear and vivid manner gave us a complete history of the scheme from the begin­ning. He said that he came to Arkansas City, not to work, but to rest. When he came the possible existence of water power was being talked of. Knowing that he had experi­ence in such work, he was asked to take the water level. He did so, and reported about a twenty feet fall from the Arkansas to the Walnut. An engineer was then brought from Kansas City, who again took the level, with the same result.

Mr. Hill, the engineer, thought a canal would be practicable and that 500 horse power could be secured. He then told the city that if they would issue $20,000 bonds, he would take them, furnish the balance of the funds needed, and enter into a con­tract, secured by a $20,000 bond to be approved by the city officers, to furnish 500 horse power. The bonds were voted, he took them, and com­menced operations.

He approached the leading men of the town to take interest with him and they did so; a stock company was organized, the city receiv­ing $20,000, and the company retaining $30,000, or a controlling interest.

Regarding the cost of the work, Mr. Hill said that the total cost up to this time was about $40,000; $18,000 of which had been realized from the city’s bonds.

The matter of the trust deed was then mentioned, when Mr. Hill said: “Herein lies the whole difficulty with the city. Although I have talked to the council for hours, I have failed to make them understand the necessity of issuing mortgage bonds.

“In the first place, we have yet to make a tail race before the power is available, which was not contemplated by the con­tract with the city. In the next place, mills must be got here to utilize the power or no revenue can be derived from it. Many of these enterprises will need assistance, and as the city is in no condition to do so, we must either do it ourselves and carry the city’s stock, or let the enterprise go, with the revenue which might be derived from it.

“To get out of this difficulty, we resolved to issue mort­gage bonds and hold them in the treasury to be used for this purpose. The mortgage would cover the city’s interest in the canal as well as ours, and all would bear the burden alike. We have the bonds, all signed up, in the treasury, ready to be used whenever, and wherever, the interests of the project demands. Now this is all there is in this trust deed. It was certainly the best and only policy to pursue.

“The city’s interests are as fully protected as those of any other stockholder. Twenty thousand of the fifty thousand bonds now in our safe belong, in a certain sense, to it, to be used for the purposes specified in this trust deed: namely, the improve­ment and embetterment of the property.

“The only trouble with the city officers and the people is, that they do not understand it. They seem to think that this mortgage business is a scheme to wipe out the city’s interest in the canal; and this is about all the thanks we get for pushing the matter through.

“We have contracted to furnish 500 horse power, and we propose to do it. Already we have leased power to two mills for $3,100 per annum, and have 400 horse power left to be used as fast as we can get mills to use it. If we succeed in disposing of the full power, at say, fifty horse power to the mill, it will give us ten mills and an annual revenue of $15,000. This will pay interest on the bonds, provide for the sinking fund, and leave a handsome dividend on the stock. This is all there is of it. If the city acts fairly in this matter, all will be well. If it does not, I shall not answer for the consequences.”

Mr. Hill’s narrative throughout was fair, told in a straight forward manner, and is what we believe to be a plain statement of the case: with a few reservations.

In the first place, we find Mr. Hill to be a gentleman of shrewd business ability and farsightedness, an excellent judge of men and measures, and one whose personal magnetism and manner of expression is such as to convince a person in spite of himself. We realized all these things during his conversation, and won­dered that he would give his talents, a summer’s work, and the experience of years solely for the pleasure of building this canal. We believe that Mr. Hill is not doing this work for his health, nor because of any patriotic feeling that might arise within him for the over burdened tax-payers of Arkansas City—nor should any sensible man expect he would. We believe he has his own way of working the scheme in order to secure pecuniary benefit to himself. Whether it is by salary from the company, or by manipulating the stock and bonds, we have no means at present of knowing. According to his own statement, the money invested by the five persons who compose the company, is not in excess of $30,000, or $6,000 each. A man of his experience and ability should certainly be able to earn more during the summer without assuming any of the responsibility, than the dividends on $6,000, even though they be 300 percent. Mr. Hill has not spent six months time and hard work to create a profitable investment for $6,000 of his surplus cash. The city, by holding a minority of the stock is, in a business view, at the mercy of the company; and it is only the good faith of the gentlemen composing it, or the careful management of the city authorities, that will pre­serve such interest.

We believe that the power is there, and that the enterprise will be a success. That mills will be built and operated suc­cessfully, and that the projectors and the people will realize all that the most sanguine have hoped for.

The only difficulty now in the way seems to be the mainte­nance of a dam across the river. It has already proved a “white elephant” on the hands of the company. Mr. Hill says he can do it, and is doing it. As he knows more about dams than we do, we have put this down as settled. Otherwise, we see no obstacle in the way that the engineers have not fully provided for.

A fine dam is now being enclosed, the foundations are laid for another. They give employment for laborers, cause the expenditure of large sums of money for building materials, and the business of the city is already beginning to feel the impetus of the new life. With a friendly understanding between the company, the city, and the people, all will be well and success will at last crown their efforts. Without it the success of the enterprise cannot be very great, and it will simply be a bone of contention in the community.

Even should the city never receive a cent in return for the bonds voted, the investment is a good one.

We shall have more to say on the subject hereafter.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 24, 1881.

Just received a nice assortment of Prints at A. A. Newman & Co.’s.


Arkansas City Traveler, August 31, 1881.


Mr. A. A. Newman returned from the East last Sunday wither he has been absent for several weeks laying in an extensive stock of fall dry goods, hats, caps, boots, and shoes to supply the rapidly growing demands of his business. Mr. Newman is one of our most enterprising merchants, and all, the ladies especially, look forward with pleasure to the opening of the fall goods.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 14, 1881.

                                                           Geuda Springs.

The Geuda mineral springs, which are just coming into prominent notoriety, are situated in the southwestern part of Cowley County, near Salt City. They were known by the Osage and other Indians, and used by them as a medicine before any white people had settled there, and their traditions are that big medicines, or in common parlance, their pow-wows, were held there every third moon far back in the dim past. They take their name from the Indian word Ge-u-da, which means healing. There are seven of the springs, all very near together, and each of them appear to have a different taste.

They were not known by white people as mineral springs until about 1870, when by accident, they were tried by Robert Mills, who was cured of scrofula and rheumatism. There being but few settlers in that section at the time, no particular attention was called to it for some time afterward.

The water being very bright and sparkling, however, and a road passing close by, many persons, of course, took a drink of them, and pronounced them almost invariably, unfit to drink, as the taste was not agreeable, and they had the effect of a cathartic.

Hackney and McDonald, of our town, purchased the land in 1878. The springs were soon afterward tried by many persons for skin diseases, and we believe invariably with success. They were soon after purchased by Newman & Mitchell, of Arkansas City, Kansas, who paid $4,000 for them, and in the spring of 1881 built a large bath house, and they have since been tried for all the diseases imaginable, almost, and prove to have remarkable effects in most uterine troubles, liver, kidney, and skin diseases as well as rheumatism. Up to the present time only a qualitative analysis of the waters has been made.

                             ANALYSIS GIVEN...SAME AS THAT USED IN AD!

Since March, 1881, the bath house has been crowded, and there being but meager hotel accommodations, many who would have tried the waters could not be accommodated there. They have, however, gained an excellent reputation for curative properties. Several persons of our town have been benefitted by use of the waters, notably T. H. Stivers, L. B. Thomas, J. E. Searle, and Judge J. Wade McDonald, and we now understand Jacob Kearsh, who formerly was a baker for Mr. Dever here and whom everybody thought was going to die with dropsy, is improving very rapidly by use of the waters.

C. R. Mitchell has lately bought out the interest of A. A. Newman, and is now making arrangements to build a sanitarium. A gentleman from Illinois is in Chicago purchasing the material for ten cottages; other parties are making arrangements to put up a good hotel, and several parties in Winfield and Arkansas City have engaged to put up summer residences at the Springs.

Parties going to the Springs now and intending to stay any length of time should go prepared with tents as the houses are full most of the time, but it is expected that good accommoda­tions will be made for all within the next sixty days. Kansas never furnishes anything by halves, and we believe we have the best mineral springs in existence.

Winfield Daily Telegram.



Arkansas City Traveler, September 7, 1881.




These springs are situated in the south-western part of Cowley County, Kansas, seven and one-half miles north-west of Arkansas City, are 7 in number, and contain 7 different kinds of Mineral Water; and neither does it require a chemical analysis to detect the difference, as it is readily distinguished by the taste. They are a sure cure for ULCERATIONS OF THE UTERUS AND FEMALE WEAKNESS, generally. Also RHEUMATISM, Diabetes, Sciatica, Catarrh, Diseases of the Skin, LIVER and KIDNEYS; Erysipelas and Dyspepsia, and are the best known remedy to tone up the digestive organs.

We have a first-class Bath House—baths are better than any Turkish Bath.


To prove that we mean just what we say, we will enter into a WRITTEN CONTRACT TO CURE any of the diseases above named; no cure no pay, and will pay the board of invalids besides, in case they are not benefitted by using the waters.


The springs, themselves, are a NATURAL CURIOSITY, well worth a trip to see them.

We have an elegant SALT LAKE for boating, excellent roads for buggy-riding; splendid waters for fishing; plenty of game within a few hours ride, for hunting; the most beautiful climate in America, and the most beautiful country “God ever made.” We have implicit faith in this “Bonanza.” Come and see us.


The following named persons have been cured of the ailments mentioned:

L. B. Thomas, Winfield, Ks.,                      Rheumatism.

J. E. Searle, Winfield, Ks.,                    Scrofulous sores.

J. Allen, Salt City, Ks.,                         Diabetes and Catarrh.

H. T. Shivvers, Win., Ks.,                     Rheumatism and Neu.

E. Mills, Salt City, Ks.,                         Scrofulous and Rheu.

Mrs. L. Parmenter, Topeka, Ks.                 Rheumatic enlargement of joints.

Mrs. Day, Wellington, Ks.                    Ulcerated Stomach and Uterus.

We refer to the above persons by permission. We also refer to the following persons, some of who are now using these waters:

J. Kearsh, Winfield, Ks.,                             Dropsy.

H. Vigus, Wichita, Ks.,                         Sciatica.

Miss Annie Arnspiger, Cleardale, Ks.

Bettie Berkey, Salt City, Ks.,                      Erysipelas.

W. C. Crawford, Wellington, Ks.,        Paralysis.

J. M. Mahan, Wellington, Ks.,              Inflammatory Rheu.

Judge T. F. Blodgett, Wellington, Ks.,   Liver Disease.

G. Darlington, Winfield, Ks.,                       Blood and Skin Dis.


We have never yet failed to cure any of the diseases men­tioned in this circular, no matter of how long standing, and have effected at least 500 cures, 200 of which were of ladies afflict­ed with ulcerations, falling or weakness generally, 100 with Rheumatism, 100 with Skin and Blood Diseases, and 100 with the other diseases mentioned. That such are the facts, we refer to the persons above named, and also the people of Cowley and Sumner counties generally, most of whom are acquainted with these Springs. Write and see what they say. The Springs are named from the Indian word Ge-u-da, meaning healing.


A qualitative analysis of these waters shows that they contain the

Bi-carbonate of                              Soda,



Sulphates of                                    Ammonia,

Sulphates of                                    Magnesia,

Chlorides of                                    Sodium,

Chlorides of                                    Potassium,

Iodide of                                        Sodium,

Bromide of                               Potassium,

Sulphur and Silica, and are charged strongly with Carbonic acid gas.

                                THEY ARE NATURE’S PUREST REMEDIES.


                                          HOW TO OBTAIN THE WATERS.

The Express Companies have extended their lines from Winfield to Salt City, and will ship the waters to any point desired. Parties desiring waters address H. A. Newcomb, Winfield, Kansas. For further particulars address the GEUDA SPRINGS CO., Arkansas City, Cowley Co., Kansas,    or: Salt City, Sumner Co., Kansas.


                               [END OF ARTICLE...OR SHOULD WE SAY AD!]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 14, 1881.

Miss Hattie Newman, of Maine, is in the city upon a visit to Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Newman.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 14, 1881.

Born to Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Newman, of Arkansas City, Septem­ber 9th, a son.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 12, 1881.

We will sell you Good, all wool Jeans cheaper than any house in the State of Kansas.

                                                       A. A. Newman & Co.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 26, 1881.

Rev. Fleming has rented the room in the Newman block former­ly occupied by Dr. Loomis, and has fitted the same up for a study.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 2, 1881.

B. F. Peacock, who for some time ran the Newman Mill, in years gone by, dropped upon us unexpectedly last week in his accustomed jolly manner. He is representing the Minneapolis Harvester Works and is prospering finely. Call again.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 9, 1881.

A. A. Newman has had the inside of his store windows fitted with sash, which will materially assist in showing off the goods, as well as protect them from injury by dust, etc. Beecher & Son did the job.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 7, 1881.

                                                             School Report.

The following were neither absent nor tardy during the last school month.

Silva Rogers, Etta Wilson, Lillie Rarick, Pearl Newman, Mattie Sipes, Rena Grubbs, Morse Hutchison, Dean McIntire. SUSIE HUNT, Teacher.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 14, 1881.

A. A. Newman & Co. have a nicely arranged show window artistically decorated with Holiday Goods.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 21, 1881.

                                                            OUR CANAL.

                                                    Successfully Completed.

                            A Memorable Event in the History of Cowley County.

                         And Arkansas City the Future Queen of the South West.


                                   Universally Acknowledged to Have the Best

                                          Water Power in the State of Kansas.

                   Magnificent Inducements Offered to Owners of Paper Mills and

                                            General Manufacturing Interests.

Last week witnessed the completion of an undertaking that will exert an unbounded influence on the future of Arkansas City, and raise her to a pinnacle of commercial prosperity far beyond what even the most sanguine of our citizens dared to hope for but one short year ago.

It is now nearly a year since the canal project, now so successfully completed, was broached, and the accomplished fact of today, at that time, was deemed by many, a dream of Utopia. The undertaking of a scheme of such engineering and financial magni­tude by so small a corporation is almost without a precedent, and the canal today is a living witness to the pluck, energy, and skill of the citizens of Arkansas City, which is now fairly launched on the sea of commerce that will eventually make her a

                                                    CITY AMONG CITIES.

A description of this undertaking we think will be of interest to all our readers, and we, therefore, present, in as concise a form as possible, the facts in connection therewith. As was said before, the project was inaugurated by the procuring of a charter, bearing date of

                                                        January 12th, 1881,

with Messrs. James Hill, R. C. Haywood, W. M. Sleeth, A. A. Newman, and S. Matlack, all citizens of this city, as the charter members. The capital stock of the company was

                                             FIFTY THOUSAND DOLLARS,

that being the estimate, and the sequel has proved the actual cost of the enterprise.

The direction of the canal is from a point on the Arkansas River, northwest of town, bearing in a southeasterly course, across the southwest corner of the town site, to a point on the Walnut river, near the Endicott farm, the total length of the canal being about two and a half miles, with a water section of about one hundred cubic feet, with a center current of about four miles per hour. The actual fall obtained in that distance being twenty-two feet, giving

                                        SEVEN HUNDRED HORSEPOWER

as it now stands, but an unlimited power is within easy reach, and will be further utilized as occasion demands. The head of water was obtained by constructing a dam 900 feet in length and a backwater of five feet across the Arkansas River, and the flow of water into the canal is regulated by a set of four sluices set into the head gates, which are of masonry, of the most solid description and constructed with the utmost care. The course of the canal is almost exclusively through soils favorable to its construction, one half mile being in solid rock, thus tending materially to enhance its success at a nominal outlay. At the point where the canal reaches the Walnut, another set of sluices and gates have been constructed, which allows the surplus water to enter a raceway running to the Walnut River.

At the present stage of the Arkansas, the canal when filled will furnish the force of 700 horsepower, receiving water from the Arkansas River as fast as it is used and run into the Walnut. The Company have already leased two water privileges of 60 horsepower each to the new flouring mills, now almost completed at the east end of the canal. Several other mill owners are negotiating with the Company for power and it is only a question of a short time before Arkansas City will become a wheat and manufacturing center of the first importance.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 21, 1881.

Mr. & Mrs. A. G. Newman, of Weld, Maine, arrived in the city, last Friday, to pay a visit to their son, A. A. Newman, and other relatives and friends in this vicinity. They were accompa­nied by Miss Annie Haywood, of Fredonia, New York, a sister of our townsman, R. C. Haywood.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 4, 1882.

We desire to call attention to the advertisement of A. A. Newman & Co., which appears in this issue. This firm is one of the best and most enterprising of our business houses in the dry goods and notion line, as is evidenced by the throng of patrons constantly to be seen around the counters of the establishment.

The motto, “Good Goods and Fair Prices,” has proved in their case a glorious success and the course that has secured prosperi­ty in the past will be adhered to in the future so that all and every­one needing supplies in their line of goods will but subserve their own interests by giving A. A. Newman & Co. a call.

AD:                                               A. A. NEWMAN & Co.

                                                      Invites Special Attention

                                           TO THEIR COMPLETE STOCK OF

                                       LARGEST/CHEAPEST & BEST STOCK

                                    Many Other Articles too Numerous to Mention.

                [Portion of ad shown in an unusual style that I cannot repeat. MAW]

ITEMS MENTIONED: Dry Goods, Notions, Hats and Caps, Boots and Shoes, Clothing, Gents Furnishing Goods, Carpets, India Matting, Oil Cloth, Oiled Clothing, Rubber Coats, Rubber boots, Arctics, Alaskas, Patent Velvets, Fringes, Passementeries, Gloves, Ho­siery, Lace Ties, Silk and Lace Scarves, Nubias, Wool Jackets, Hoods, Ginghams, Prints, Alpacas, Cashmeres, Sandals, Ladies Rubber Newports, Ladies and Gents Scarlet and White Merino Underwear, Ladies Cloaks, Dolmans, Ulsters, and Circulars, Trimming, Silks, Satins, Surah Satins, Silk Velvets, Bingaro Suitings, Puraine [?] Sun rings [?], Plaids, Linseys, Flannels, Ladies Waterproofs, Ladies Cloth, Muslins, Sheetings, Ducks, Denims, Jeans, Wagon Sheets, etc. ARKANSAS CITY, KAS.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 4, 1882.

A little social gathering was held at the residence of W. E. Gooch, Saturday evening, Dec. 24th, the prominent feature of course, being a Christmas Tree, which was generously loaded with costly and elegant, as well as worthless, yet comical, presents for the assembled guests. Wyard E. Gooch received a handsome gold watch, as also did Tom Mantor. Miss Alma Dixon packed an elegant celluloid toilet set home, while Sara Reed rejoiced in a beautiful Atlas, and John Gooch in an unabridged Webster’s dictionary, all of which were the Christmas gifts of A. A. Newman, by his agent, Santa Claus, Esq. Through the same medium Mrs. R. C. Haywood received a very elegant pair of diamond set earrings, and Mrs. A. A. Newman a beautifully set diamond ring and brooch. Mr. A. A. Newman was jubilant in the acquisi­tion of a neatly packed parcel, which, upon examination, revealed the well picked back bone of a turkey, an evident recognition of his love for the bird. His exuberant joy, however, was somewhat modified upon Santa Claus handing him an elegant walnut paper and magazine stand. Many other choice presents were donated by Santa Claus, who being present, had the pleasure of presiding at one of the most eminently social gatherings of the Holiday season.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 4, 1882.

                                                  MASQUERADE PARTY.

The social event of the Holiday week was the masquerade party held at the residence of Mr. James L. Huey on Friday evening, December 30th. A large number of invitations had been sent out, which were almost universally responded to, thus making the party a glorious success. The residence of Mr. Huey is one of the largest, and most commodious, in town; and as the merry throng of maskers promenaded the handsomely appointed salons of the mansion their costumes showed, to perfection, in the bril­liant light of the glittering chandeliers. The guests were received by Mrs. James L. Huey, the hostess, assisted by her sister, Mrs. Fred Farrar, and it is needless to say, that under their hospitable care, every attention was shown “the motley crew” that claimed their cares. Refreshments in the shape of many tempting kinds of cake, sandwiches, teas, and coffee were liberally provided. Music lent its aid to the other enjoyments which coupled with the many unique costumes, and the cheering hum of voices lent a charm never to be forgotten by those who were fortunate enough to take part in the festivities.

The following is a partial list of the guests with the characters they represented.

Mrs. Cunningham, Flower Girl; Mr. Cunningham, Imp; Mrs. Howard, Miss Prim; Mrs. Farrar, City Belle; Mrs. Searing, “Boss” Flour; Mrs. Matlack, “Straight” Flour; T. R. Houghton, Blazes; Alma Easterday, Bridget; Mrs. Grubbs, A Lady; Mrs. Nellie Houghton, Dreadnaught; J. Kroenert, “Lo”; C. M. Swarts, Chapeau; R. E. Grubbs, Widow Pudge; Miss Haywood, Queen Elizabeth; Mrs. Norton, Widow Bedott; Miss Guthrie, Incognita; Angie Mantor, Fat Woman; Jerry Adams, Bashful Maid; R. A. Houghton, Judge; I. H. Bonsall, Minister; Mrs. R. A. Houghton, A Bride; Mrs. Ingersoll, Quakeress; Mrs. Sipes, Quakeress; C. U. France, Uncle Toby; W. Thompson, Father Time; A. D. Ayres, Irishman; Mrs. A. D. Ayres, Anonyma; Mrs. Mead, Languedoc; Mr. Mead, Ghost; Mrs. T. Mantor, Mask; T. Mantor, Mask; J. G. Shelden, Cow Boy; Mrs. Watson, Old Maid; Mrs. Chandler, Night; C. R. Sipes, Uncle Tom; Miss A. Norton, Sunflower; Miss S. Hunt, Sunflower; Miss M. Parker, Sunflower; Miss Peterson, Nun; Miss A. Dickson, Sister of Mercy; Miss L. Wyckoff, Sister of Mercy; J. T. Shepard, Guiteau; J. H. Walker & wife, German Couple; C. H. Searing, XXXX Flour; J. Gooch, Private U. S. A.; C. Hutchins, Private, U. S. A.; Mrs. Haywood, Dinah; Mrs. Newman, Topsy; Dr. J. Vawter, Prohibition; C. L. Swarts, Post no bills; W. D. Mowry, A Bottle; Clara Finley, A Lone Star; R. C. Haywood, Fat Dutch Boy; Ben Matlack, May Fisk; M. B. Vawter, Fireman; O. Ingersoll, Big Mynheer; Mrs. Shepard, Japanese Lady; Miss Cassell, Red Riding Hood; Mrs. L. McLaughlin, Mrs. J. Smith; Mr. Matlack, “Pat” bedad; Mrs. Gooch, Equestri­enne; R. J. Maxwell, Priest.

Among the ladies and gentlemen who were present, unmasked, were Rev. Fleming and wife, W. E. Gooch, H. P. Farrar, Mr. Chandler, Mr. and Mrs. Bonsall, Mrs. Mowry, and many others whose names our reporter failed to receive.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 11, 1882.

HEGIRA. The A. V. Democrat to the second story of Newman’s brick on Monday last.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 11, 1882.

To Stockmen and Others. The Celebrated “Fish Brand” Oil Coats for sale at A. A. Newman & Co.’s.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 11, 1882.

A large lot of Bed Quilts at astonishingly low prices at A. A. Newman & Co.’s.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 25, 1882.

A party consisting of Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Newman, Miss Annie Haywood, and R. C. Haywood started to take in the Ponca & Nez Perce Agencies on Saturday last, and returned on Monday after having spent a very pleasant time in the Nation.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 25, 1882.

Mr. A. A. Newman was the recipient of a very handsome birthday present last Thursday, consisting of an elegant silver mounted dressing case, replete with every article that the most fastidious exquisite could desire in making his toilet. The gift was presented to Mr. Newman by Messrs. W. E. Gooch, T. L. Mantor, John Gooch, and Sam Reed, as a token of respect and esteem.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 8, 1882.

A. A. Newman is slightly under the weather with a cold.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 22, 1882.

Mr. and Mrs. A. G. Newman, of Weld, Maine, and Mrs. Skidder, of Emporia, left on the cars last Thursday for the latter place. They have been visiting relatives and friends in this city for several weeks past.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 1, 1882.

Miss Alma Dixon has returned to town, and will shortly resume her position with A. A. Newman & Co.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 1, 1882.

A. A. Newman & Co. have fixed up a neat cash room in their store, and we understand Miss Gardiner will soon take charge of the books of that firm.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1882.

Mr. A. A. Newman starts for New York, today, to lay in his spring stock of goods.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1882.

The Free Methodist Church will be built near the Foundry on Block 127. C. M. Scott and A. A. Newman donate the lots.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1882.

The many friends of Miss Alma Dixon will be pleased to hear she has resumed her position in the establishment of A. A. Newman & Co.

Next entry is most puzzling...may not be related to Newman family. MAW

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1882.

Mr. A. G. Newman came in on Monday’s train. He was accompa­nied by Mr. Foster, of Minneapolis. Both gentlemen are friends of Mr. C. C. Pratt, now in this city, whom, they hearing of his sickness, came to visit.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1882.

Last Thursday witnessed the departure of Messrs. Newman and Matlack for the East. Both gentlemen will purchase their spring stocks before returning, and the advent of their purchases will be anxiously looked for by their fair patrons.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1882.

A. A. Newman returned from the East yesterday.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1882.

                                                        Municipal Election.

At the election of the city officers held in this city last Monday, the following named gentlemen were elected.

For Mayor: A. A. Newman.

Councilmen: H. D. Kellogg, James Benedict, O. S. Rarick, V. M. Ayres, John Ware.

Police Judge, I. H. Bonsall.