[PART TWO: 1879 THROUGH 1882.]



Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 2, 1879.

The following is a list of new buildings erected in the city of Winfield since January 1, 1878, with the name of owner and cost of building.

                                                  Schoolhouse, frame: $1,600.

Winfield Courier, January 2, 1879.

FARRINGER, PROF. C., is one of the most skillful music teachers in the state. He teaches vocal music and performance on various kinds of instruments and keeps instruments for sale.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 8, 1879.

                                                            School Report.

The following are names of scholars who have been absolutely perfect in attendance and punctuality during the last school month.

                                                GRAMMAR DEPARTMENT.

Fred. McLaughlin, 96; Linnie Peed, 85; Charlie Grimes, 86; Mary Theaker, 92; Jerry Adams, 95; Samuel Reed, 88; May Benedict, 85; Susie Hunt, 84; Willie Patterson, 74.


Ella Bowers, 81; George Endicott, 94; Edward Garris, 90; Frank Theaker, 90; Jessie Rentschler, 89; Mary McClung, 88; Charlie Randall, 83; Myrtle McNelly, 67; Walter Patterson, 55.

                                                  PRIMARY DEPARTMENT.

Lillie Mitchell, 85; Elmer Howard, 70; Jimmie Roberson, 90; Maggie Ford, 85; Harry Rentschler, 80; Lucy Simpson, 80; Lizzie Garris, 80; Lydia Petcel, 75; Henry Simpson, 75; Thomas Petcel, 75; Clara Ford, 75; Rosa Garris, 60; William Harden, 60; Tom Harden, 70.

    Note: Petcel may be wrong. Could be Peteel or Petrel. Could not determine! MAW

Linnie Peed, Fred McLaughlin, Chas. Grimes, Frank Theaker, and Lillie Mitchell have been present every day during the term. C. H. SYLVESTER, Principal.

ASSISTANTS: Miss Ela, Mrs. Theaker.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 8, 1879.

                                                            School Report.

Deportment and standing of pupils in the “A” and “B” grades, in District No. 69.


Allie Bowen, 100; Angie Bowen, 100; Nannie Scott, 100; Clara Scott, 100; Maggie Turner, 100; Sadie Scott, 100; May Deweese, 100; Kate Deweese, 100; Callie Donelly, 100; Joseph Ramsey, 100; Willie Ramsey, 85; Hattie Wood, 100.


Allie Bowen, 100; Angie Bowen, 85; Nannie Scott, 100; Clara Scott, 85; Maggie Turner, 85; Sadie Scott, 85; May Deweese, 85; Katie Deweese, 90; Callie Donelly, 60; Joseph Ramsey, 90; Willie Ramsey, 85; Hattie Wood, 60.

[Skipped Geography and Grammar. Repetition of many names already given.]

Reading and spelling of both classes were of high grade. J. O. WILKINSON, Teacher.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 8, 1879.

                                                            School Report.

District 53, Bolton Township, for the month ending January 3rd, 1879.

Lester Burnett, 97; Mary Lorry, 89; Annie Coulter, 97; Martin Coulter, 95; Frank Bland, 95; Ruth Voris, 94; Rose Sample, 96; Hattie Rice, 96; Alvin Voris, 96; Hannah Lorry, 94; Willie Voris, 93; Maggie Sample, 94; David Bristow, 95; Frank Lorry, 96; Eddie Voris, 91; Lulu Bland, 94; Clara Lorry, 92; Carrie Rice, 95; Fred Lorry, 95; Mamie Schnee, 93; Willie Schnee, 95; Moses Coulter, 95; James Michael, 92; Stevie Rice, 94; Clyde Akers, 91; Earnest Frost, 89. L. E. NORTON, Teacher.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 15, 1879.

We are told that Col. McMullen is negotiating with the authorities of Winfield for the sale of his new residence to the city for purposes of a schoolhouse. Winfield is greatly in need of such a building and we have no doubt the trade will be consummated at an early day. Should the Colonel close this sale, we are assured that he will return to this city for a permanent home as his valuable property here remains unsold.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 15, 1879.

We acknowledge the receipt of the Biennial Report of Hon. A. B. Lemmon, State Supt. of Schools. The report is full of inter­est and is conclusive evidence of the right man in the right place.


Winfield Courier, January 16, 1879.

                                                           Beaver Filberts.

Miss Ella Grimes is wrestling with the boys at the Centenni­al schoolhouse.

“Victory” school house in dist. No. 115 still remains in an unfinished condition and a monument of emptiness, as regards school-keeping.

Miss Henrietta King has prestige at Thomasville schoolhouse, and enjoys the enviable reputation of teaching the best school ever taught in that building.

C. L. Swarts puts on pedagogical airs at Enterprise No. 93. DIXON’S GRAPHITE.

Winfield Courier, January 16, 1879.

Our city schools are running over with scholars.

Winfield Courier, January 16, 1879.

Mrs. Amy Chapin has begun teaching in district 115, Pleasant Valley.

Winfield Courier, January 16, 1879.

Miss Fannie Pontious closed her term of school in district 22 on the 8th.

Winfield Courier, January 16, 1879.

C. L. Swarts has been engaged to teach the school in dis­trict 93, Beaver Township.

Winfield Courier, January 16, 1879.

The Jarvis school, district 30, supports a literary, the session being on Wednesday evening.

Winfield Courier, January 16, 1879.

The Sheridan school, district 47, has a grammar school twice a week, on Tuesday and Saturday evening, conducted alternately by Sol. Smith and Emery Johnson.

Winfield Courier, January 16, 1879.

A necktie festival for the benefit of the Crooked Creek Library Association is to be held at Crooked Creek Schoolhouse on Friday evening Jan. 31, 1879. The price of a necktie is to be 50 cents. Those not desiring neckties can have their supper for 25 cents each and those just wishing to look around can look for 10 cents. All efforts are being put forth by the energetic executive committee to make it an enjoyable occasion and all should turn out.

Winfield Courier, January 16, 1879.

                                             FAIRVIEW, JANUARY 10, 1878.

MR. EDITOR.—The following named pupils have the average standing attached to their respective names, on a scale of 10, for the last school month ending December 20th, 1878.

Mary Orr, 9 ½; Lilly Wilson, 8; Maggie Limbocker, 8 ½; Mary E. Curfman, 8 ½; Archie Harlow, 8 ½; Elmer Curfman, 9; Richard Morgan, 8 ½; Mattie Baird, 7 ½; Clara Limbocker, 7; Bell Curfman, 8 2/3; Samuel Wells, 6 ½; Maggie Wilson, 9 2/3; Annie Orr, 9 2/3; Minnie Larimer, 9 1/3; Oscar Curfman, 9; Jimmie L. Baird, 9; Minnie Burton, 9 2/3; Emma McGee, 9 ½; H. U. Curfman, 9 2/3; George Carter, 9 2/3; Frank E. Limbocker, 7 ½; Earnest Wilson, 6 ½; Fred Limbocker, 8 2/3. Total number of pupils enrolled to-date 46. Number of visitors this month 18. A. B. TAYLOR, Teacher.


Winfield Courier, January 16, 1879.

                                            FAIRVIEW, KAS., Jan. 11th, 1879.

The festival at our schoolhouse was well attended and everybody happy. Rev. Lahr and lady visited the Fairview school a few days ago. The festival at Maple Grove was a success. The literary is still in progress. Yours truly, ANONYMOUS.


Winfield Courier, January 16, 1879.

Board of County Commissioners met in regular session [Janu­ary 6, 1879]. Present: R. F. Burden, W. M. Sleeth, and G. L. Gale, commissioners, James McDermott, county attorney, and M. G. Troup, county clerk.

Among other proceedings had, bills against the county were presented and passed upon by the board as follows.

                                              G. W. Robinson, school examiner.

                                                  F. Jennings, school examiner.

                                         R. C. Story, Co. Supt. salary. [$200.00]


Winfield Courier, January 16, 1879.

On the 31st day of January, at Arkansas City, Dexter, and Winfield, an examination will be had of applicants for teachers’ certificates. At that time questions upon the metric system and upon the best methods of teaching of the English branches will be submitted to every candidate, and exact and comprehensive answers to these questions will be expected. Teachers should govern themselves accordingly. An examination will be held in Winfield March 28th. Work will begin at 9 o’clock a.m. R. C. STORY, Co. Supt.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 22, 1879.

Our school is filling up with many new faces.

Winfield Courier, January 23, 1879.

It is said that the Germans of this city have secured a German teacher, Professor Backus, a gentleman of high education, for the purpose of establishing a private school, in which the German language will form a special branch of study. We wish them success.



Winfield Courier, January 23, 1879.

MR. EDITOR:—We up here are being exercised somewhat over our rights, and there are two nearly equal sides so far as members go; that is, there are fifteen tax-payers on real estate in our school district, and twelve holders of claims, that pay no tax on real estate, and nearly all of them have run over their time—in fact, some of them three of four years over the time given by law. There has been for some time a listlessness in deeding, and the tax-payers are getting very restless under the heavy burden of tax to build a school-house and keeping up a school in the district and other taxes beside; consequently, they called a meeting of all interested on both sides—a sort of neighborly gathering—and talked the matter over, then adjourned one week; then held another meeting, talked some more, and adjourned again till next Saturday night. These meetings are conducted in good order, and I think will be a good thing for all concerned. One side claims they are not able to deed yet, while the others say when they deeded, money was worth from thirty to fifty percent, and now can be had at less than half what they were obliged to pay; and further, that they have had time to make their improve­ments before being called on to deed, while the first that deeded had to make their payments on their land before they could raise much of a crop. Then the claim holders say what they did raise was worth so much more than it is now. L.


Arkansas City Traveler, January 29, 1879.

There are 111 school districts in the county, all of which have substantial schoolhouses; these affording facilities for education nearly equal to those of older countries. . . .

Winfield Courier, January 30, 1879.

                                       Winfield Needs To Build a Schoolhouse.

Why does not someone move in the matter of building a schoolhouse in this city? Everyone admits the necessity, and as a matter of economy there can be no doubt of its advisability. Someone must attend to the matter. Who shall it be? You must not depend upon the editor of the COURIER. He cannot attend to all these things. Call a meeting and decide what shall be done. We think the school board should call the meeting and everybody should turn out. It is an important matter. Wake-up! Stir around!


Winfield Courier, January 30, 1879.

                                       Northeast Ninnescah, January 26, 1879.

The school at Green Valley is in a flourishing condition; two of the boys have graduated and left school—H. Hopkins and F. W. Wentz.

The spelling-school last Tuesday evening was a success. Miss Davis, from the Beck school, and some of her scholars were there.

Miss Ella Olmstead and Miss Anna Martin are taking music lessons with Mrs. Rothrock.

                                                        MRS. VERY SOFT.


Winfield Courier, January 30, 1879.

                                           Maple Township, January 26, 1879.

The Rev. Harrison, pastor of the M.E. church, has just concluded a series of meetings at the Centennial schoolhouse. Twenty-seven persons united with the church.

Winfield Courier, January 30, 1879.

                                                       Teachers’ Directory.

District No. 1: WINFIELD.

Geo. W. Robinson

Emma Saint

Sarah Aldrich

Sarah Hodges

Mary Bryant

Allie Klingman

Ioa Roberts

Connected with Winfield.         District Number

Alice Aldrich                                          48

Mattie Minnihan                                      43

Mina Johnson                                         13

Celina Bliss                                         9

Mrs. Alice Bullock                          106

R. A. O’Neill                                          77

A. B. Taylor                                           21

Ella Freeland                                          50

Maggie Stansbury                           108

Ida Carey                                               97

Anna Hunt                                        90

John Bower                                            12

F. Starwalt                                       49

S. T. Hockett                                         64

Fannie Pontious                                      22

Sarah E. Sitton                                 31

District No. 2: ARKANSAS CITY.

C. H. Sylvester                           

Mrs. L. M. Theaker

Connected with Arkansas City.       District Number

T. J. Rude                                              51

Lizzie Landis                                           42

Chas. Hutchings                                      89

J. M. Hawthorn                                        6

Albertine Maxwell                            32

Charles Swarts                                 80

H. G. Blount                                           41

J. O. Wilkinson                                 69

Risdon Gilstrap                                 33

Frank A. Chapin                                     10

L. E. Norton                                           53

Flora Finley                                            34

James Perisho                                         62

District No. 20: FLORAL.

G. B. Richmond

Connected with Floral.

Squire Humble                                  19

District No. 45: TISDALE.

E. A. Millard

Connected with Tisdale.

S. A. Smith                                       47

District No. 30: MOSCOW.

R. B. Hunter

District No. 26: LITTLE DUTCH.

T. J. Floyd

Connected with Little Dutch.

R. B. Corson                                          81

District No. 52: NEW SALEM.

Ella Davis

Connected with New Salem.

Sarah Bovee                                           39

[Miss] Ray Nawman                               55

District No. 14: LAZETTE.

Mary A. Tucker                                    

Connected with Lazette.

H. T. Albert                                            15

Emma Burden                                   95

M. Hemenway                                  94

District No. 5: DEXTER.

W. Trevett

Connected with Dexter.

W. E. Merydith                                      54

R. C. Maurer                                            7

Allie Hardin                                            88

Viola Hardin                                           88

S. F. Overman                                  56

Alpha Harden                                         29

District No. 84: CEDAR VALE.

H. P. Attwater

Connected with Cedar Vale.

Alice Dickie                                            79

N. P. Seacord                                        56

James Seacord                                 83

District No. 60: POLO.

Thos. B. Kidney

Connected with Polo.

Mrs. Sarah Hollingsworth                 74

District No. 18: BALTIMORE.

Lou Bedell

District No. 24: ROCK.

Electa F. Strong

Connected with Rock.

E. Limerick                                       25

Simeon Martin                                  29

District No. 72: RED BUD.

J. T. Tarbet

Connected with Red Bud.

R. A. Hall                                               91

District No. 73: DOUGLAS.

L. L. Hollinger

District No. 11: BUSHNELL.

L. McKinley

Connected with Bushnell.

Sadie Davis                                            71

District No. 85: SILVERDALE.

Jennie Scott

District No. 8: OXFORD.

Hattie McKinley

District No. 107: OTTO.

E. B. Poole

Winfield Courier, January 30, 1879.

                                         TEACHERS OF COWLEY COUNTY:

In 1878 the following circular was sent out by the State Superintendent. Circumstances prevented my submitting the matter therein to your attention. The object of this work is an excel­lent one, and it is not too late to begin the desired work. In a short time sample pages of paper, fools-cap size, showing head­ings and rulings, will be sent to every teacher in the county. Can you not put on record the work of your classes? Let some subject be taken every week, or every month if time permits, and have the pupil write the questions and answers on fools-cap paper, using but one side of a leaf. This work, when completed, should be collected and sent to my office. It is intended to use all material thus sent in to make an educational exhibit at our next county fair. Read the circular carefully, then follow its suggestions.

                                                             R. C. STORY

Winfield Courier, January 30, 1879.


DEAR SIR:—Most teachers require of their students occasional written exercises in study, recitation, and examination. The value of such exercises is unquestioned. It is now proposed to use them in the collection of the material for an educational exhibit that shall show what is actually being done in all the classes of every grade of schools in the state. Your cooperation in this undertaking is earnestly solicited.

It is proposed that this collection shall be divided into three sections, viz.:

1. Common or country-school work.

2. Graded-school work.

3. The work of higher institutions of learning, including the State University, State Agricultural College, Normal School, and denominational colleges.

To make such a collection valuable, the work should be prepared on a plan that should be followed strictly by all participating schools. To aid in securing uniformity of work, the following rules are respectfully suggested:

1. All exercises should be prepared on paper uniform in size and ruling with the enclosed.

2. The work should be collected by classes; every member of the class should be represented, either by work, or by a sheet of paper on which the teacher shall give the reason of the child’s failure.

3. Use pen and ink in making all written exercises.

4. Specimens of work should be collected from time to time as the teacher thinks best. These should illustrate—(a) methods of study, (b) recitations, (c) examinations. During a term, every member of each class should be required to prepare several papers.

5. Students should not be given time for special prepara­tion for this work. The papers should show the average work of each student, nothing more. Teachers should require their students to be prepared to put themselves upon the record at any time. By so doing, they can make the preparation of these exercises an excellent incentive to study.

6. In assigning a written exercise in study, recitation, or examination, the teacher should announce the time to be given for its preparation, and at the expiration of that time, he should collect all papers and note the exact time in which they had been prepared. These papers should be fastened together and put in covers similar to those sent herewith.

Students’ work prepared as herein suggested, can be made a very interesting part of a school examination. It will give parents and others a better idea of the teacher’s methods, and the actual progress made by students than can be obtained in any other way.

The next meeting of our State Teachers’ Association will be held at Lawrence. Is it not possible to make a collection of school work an interesting and valuable feature of that meeting?

If you think so, and if you are willing that your work shall be compared with that of others, you are requested to begin to make such a collection at once. Attend the meeting of the Associa­tion, if you find it possible, and bring your “fruits” with you. If unable to be present at the meeting, send your work by ex­press, addressed to me, and it will be placed on exhibition. It is proposed, finally, to place the collection in the office of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, where it may be examined at any time.

Very respectfully, your ob’t servant,

                                                      ALLEN B. LEMMON,

                                          State Superintendent of Pub. Instruction.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 5, 1879.

G. W. Robinson, principal of the Winfield schools, was in town Friday and Saturday conducting the teachers examination.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 5, 1879.

The teachers examined on Friday and Saturday last, developed a remarkable faculty on the part of one of the applicants for drawing, his map of Lake Michigan representing the probable state of his feelings, if not the geographical position of the lake.

Winfield Courier, February 6, 1879.


                                            WINFIELD, KANS., Feb. 3, 1879.

MR. EDITOR:—Is it not somewhat strange and something of a neglect, that with all the beautiful magnesia stone sidewalks we have laid to almost all parts of the city, we have none on the north side of courthouse block and block west of it, and south side of 9th avenue, this being one of the most traveled thorough­fares in the city, about two-thirds of the school children passing over it twice a day, and being thronged during court week and the main outlet to the east part of the city. When the spring rains set in, from the position of the ground, the old rickety makeshift we have now will be inundated over two feet in water for probably days. Is it not the wish that our city fathers have us a good, substantial, eight-foot sidewalk put down on north side of these two blocks above high water mark. W. A. LEE.


Winfield Courier, February 6, 1879.

                                                       MAPLE MUSINGS.

No school at Star Valley schoolhouse last week owing to sickness in the teacher’s family. Star Valley has an interesting debating society which meets every Saturday night. REFLEX.

Red Bud, February 1, 1878.


Winfield Courier, February 6, 1879.

                                                     BEAVER FILBERTS.

That there is virtue in prayer was amply verified last week by the clerical gentleman who conducted a series of meetings at the Centennial schoolhouse. The attendance not being satisfac­tory, he prayed that the wagons of those farmers who deliberately and premeditatedly started for Wichita, while an opportunity was presented for the redemption of their souls, would break down. K. J. W. was the victim selected for its verification.

I venture the assertion that district No. 93 supports one of the most interesting, entertaining, and instructive lyceums in the county; meets every Wednesday evening. The exercises are profusely interspersed with excellent vocal and instrumental music, of which the violin plays a prominent part. The question discussed last evening was: “Resolved, That intemperance has caused more misery than war.” Chief disputants: Messrs. C. W. Roseberry and C. L. Swarts. It was decided in the affirmative. DIXON’S GRAPHITE.

January 31, 1879.


Winfield Courier, February 6, 1879.

                                                 VERNON, February 1, 1879.

J. S. Baker is doing a good work in the Pleasant Grove school. He occasionally “teaches the young idea how to shoot” with a cottonwood shoot.

Winfield Courier, February 6, 1879.


The following is a report of the Little Dutch school for the month ending January 24, 1879: No. enrolled during this month, 60; total No. of days of attendance, 783; No. off days school was in session, 19; No. of cases of tardiness, 97.

The following are the names and grade of those having an average standing of 90 percent and upward: Thos. Covert 91, E. E. Rogers 91, Ida Schock 98, Clara Green 94, Ella Schock 91, Elty White 92, Alfred Savage 90, Mary Taylor 90, Gardie Taylor 90, Alex. Cox 93.

There were seven visits from patrons of the school during this month.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 12, 1879.

                                      [FROM THE REAL ESTATE BULLETIN.]

Arkansas City: We have a splendid school now giving advantages to 200 pupils that cannot be excelled in any school of its grade in the county, and under the superintendence of a Wisconsin graduate.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 12, 1879.

The following are names of scholars who have been absolutely perfect in attendance, punctuality, deportment, and good in scholarship.

                                                        ROLL OF HONOR.

Mollie Christian                  Mary McClung

Mattie Mitchell             Linnie Peed

Mary Theaker                    Emma Theaker

Charlie Grimes              Fred. McLaughlin

Walter Patterson

The following are deserving of honorable mention for dili­gence, good behavior and nearly perfect attendance.

May Benedict                     Laura Gregg

Jessie Finley                       Anna Hutchison

Susie Hunt                    Stella Swarts

Annie Norton                     Jessie Sankey

Jerry Adams                       Lute Coombs

George Endicott                 Samuel Reed

Wm. Randall                      Charlie Randall.

                                                 C. H. SYLVESTER, Principal.


Perfect in attendance and punctuality.

Maggie Ford, 95; Frank Theaker, 85; Jonnie Garris, 80.

But once tardy.

Clyde Marris, 90; Harvey Roberson, 60; Perry Fullerlove, 85.

                                                        M. L. ELA, Teacher.

                                                  PRIMARY DEPARTMENT.

Perfect in attendance and punctuality.

Lizzie Garris, 90; Grace McClung, 90; Clara Ford, 70; Jasper Fitzpatrick, 70; Elmer Howard, 70; Abe McClaskey, 85; Allie Harris, 60; Oak McClaskey, 60; Tom Howard, 50; Arthur Howey, 50. MRS. THEAKER, Teacher.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 12, 1879.


                          SCHOOL DISTRICT NO. 32, FEBRUARY 3RD, 1879.

There will be a Cemetery meeting, held at the Parker Schoolhouse on Friday afternoon, February 14th, at one o’clock, p.m., to clear off the grass from the ground, and also to repair some sunken graves, elect officers, etc. Friends turn out and repair the resting place on your departed friends. G. H. SHEARER, Sec.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

Misses Nellie Aldrich, Sarah Bovee, Mattie Minnihan, Estella Crook, Annie Hudson, Hattie McKinley, Electa Strong, Lyda Strong, Mrs. I. E. Brown, Ed. S. Smith, J. S. Baker, A. E. Hon, L. McKinley, and Mrs. S. E. Litton were at the teachers’ examination held in this city on the first of this month.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

C. H. Sylvester, principal of the Arkansas City schools, was in town Saturday last.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

Miss N. P. Seacord’s school, district 66, closed on the 27th ult.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

R. C. Maurer’s school, in district 7, closed Wednesday of last week.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

Squire W. E. Ketcham has reopened the Maple City school after a vacation caused by sickness.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

District 54, Dexter Township, has a literary society every Friday and a spelling school every Thursday evening.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

Dr. Cole, of this place, delivered a very interesting lecture before the pupils of the Winfield High School on last Friday afternoon.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

Miss Viola Harden closed school in the Plumb Creek district, No. 38, on the 30th ult.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

Miss Electa Strong has closed her first term of school in district 24, Rock Township. She will soon begin a second term.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

Thomas Rude teaches singing as well as school in district 51.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

N. S. Armstrong has closed the winter term of school in the Stalter district No. 23.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

Miss Ray E. Nawman has ended the winter term of school in district 25.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

Can our school board call an informal meeting of citizens to determine what action should be taken for our city schools next year? But few months remain in which proper arrangements can be made. Let us act promptly.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

Go to the school house meeting.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

Miss Allie Harden has finished her first term of school in District 88.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

                                                    Building a Schoolhouse.

There will be a meeting of the citizens of District No. 1, at the schoolhouse in Winfield, on next Saturday, 15th inst., at 2 o’clock p.m., to consider the matter of building a school- house. Let everybody turn out and give a full expression.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

                                      News from Richland Correspondent “L.”

Ed. COURIER: The tax-payers’ meeting took place according to adjournment, and with Mr. E. B. Sawtell in the chair, passed the following preambles and resolutions.

Whereas, There is over one-third of the land in this school district yet undeeded and held by claimants, and most of said claims have already been held over the time allowed by law and have not, or are not, paying taxes of any kind; and

Whereas, The land that has been heretofore deeded has been paid for when money was worth an average of thirty percent, and can now be had at a rate below one-half that rate; therefore,

Resolved, That we, the tax-payers of School District No. 22, Richland Township, do earnestly request our fellow citizens to deed their claims before the 1st of March, 1879, such of them as have exceeded the time allowed by law.

Resolved, That we think they ought to deed for the following reasons:

1st. To secure their homes to themselves and families, which can be done in no other way.

2nd. To thereby increase the taxable property so as to keep up our schools for longer terms.

3rd. To make themselves our equals (as they are otherwise) in bearing the burdens of state, county, and district taxes.


Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

                                     News from “Cedarite” in Cedar Township.

The teachers of the various schools in Southeast Cowley were edited by a visit from the efficient and gentlemanly county superintendent, Prof. Story, a few days since. This is the first time that a county superintendent has ever visited schools in this part of the county.


Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.

                                     WALCK SCHOOL HOUSE, Feb. 10, 1879.

A festival was held at the house of Mr. Hodgson’s recently, and about $16 was realized, which is to be applied towards purchasing a library for the Grand Prairie Sabbath school.

The good people of District 91 gave the school children a grand dinner on New Year’s Day. There were about sixty persons that partook of the excellent dinner, and still enough remained for nearly as many more. Among those who were instrumental in getting up the dinner and who contributed largely to the same were Mrs. Daniels, Mrs. Walck, Mrs. Whipple, Mrs. Harris, Mrs. Johnston and others. Stirring speeches were made by Squire Walck, Mr. Whipple, R. A. Hull, and others. Whenever the patrons of any school district manifest a deep interest in the welfare and advancement of the charge they commit to the care of a teacher, no fears need be entertained as to results.

Winfield Courier, February 13, 1879.


There will be a festival held at the Centennial Schoolhouse, in Silverdale Township, on tomorrow evening, Friday the 14th, St. Valentine’s day, for the benefit of Rev. Rose, of the Dexter circuit.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 19, 1879.

The Supreme Court decides that a teacher of a public school must be employed by the school board at a regular meeting, and proceedings of the meeting then and there entered on record.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 19, 1879.

The following is the standing, by examination, of the pupils of School District No. 53, for the term ending February 6th, 1879.

                                                   LISTING NAMES ONLY.

Maggie Sample, Rose Sample, Lester Burnett, Hannah Lorry, Annie Coulter, Lulu Bland, George Coulter, Frank Lorry, Frank Bland, Fred Lorry, Mamie Schnee, David Bristow, Mary Lorry, Martin Coulter, Clara Lorry, Carrie Rice. L. E. NORTON, Teacher.

Winfield Courier, February 20, 1879.

District 114 has a good stone schoolhouse in which is a good school.

Winfield Courier, February 20, 1879.

The Science Valley Free Baptist Church will have a festival at the Pleasant View schoolhouse, 3 miles east of Winfield, on Friday night, February 28, for the benefit of their minister, Rev. James P. Henderson.

Winfield Courier, February 20, 1879.

E. B. Corson’s school, district 81, Ninnescah Township, has spelling schools on Tuesday nights.

Winfield Courier, February 20, 1879.

The schoolhouse in district 116, built by Captain Myers, is one of the best little houses in the county.

Winfield Courier, February 20, 1879.

Simon Martin, teacher in district 29, Rock Township, gives his school written examinations monthly. The effect of this work is seen in the marked improvement of his pupils.

Winfield Courier, February 20, 1879.

There will be a festival at Excelsior schoolhouse Friday night. The people of Excelsior are noted far and wide for their success in catering to the appetites of the hungry; and this will undoubtedly be better than any held in that vicinity heretofore.


Winfield Courier, February 20, 1879.

                                     NORTHEAST NINNESCAH, Feb. 14, 1879

R. B. Corson is doing a good work in the Green Valley school. Long may he live to teach and instruct the rising generation. VERY SOFT.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 26, 1879.

EDITOR TRAVELER: I wish to ask whether there is any city ordinance against ringing bells at improper hours? Last Friday evening after the Literary the schoolhouse bell was rung some fifteen minutes. It was at a late hour and it was enough to startle any person. For my part I took a good deal of trouble to go and look to see if there was not a fire. If there is no ordinance at present, ought not the Council to pass one imposing a fine and imprisonment on any person ringing any of the public bells when there is no occasion for it? CITIZEN.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 26, 1879.

The Stock Protecting Co. of Creswell Township, will meet at Parker’s schoolhouse on Thursday evening, March 6th. All the members are requested to be present.

                                                   R. L. MARSHALL, Sec’y.

Winfield Courier, February 27, 1879.

M. S. Ticer has closed his school in Vernon Township, district 68.

Winfield Courier, February 27, 1879.

Harry Blount closed this week his second term of school in district 41.

Winfield Courier, February 27, 1879.

Districts 29 and 114 were in town Saturday trying to settle their differences growing out of division of school property.

Winfield Courier, February 27, 1879.

C. C. Critz closed his school in Rose Valley, district 41, on the 21st.

Winfield Courier, February 27, 1879.

Squire Humble closes tomorrow his school in district 19, Queen Village.

Winfield Courier, February 27, 1879.

A festival, in aid of Rev. Mr. Lahr, will be held Friday evening in district 27, Ninnescah Township.


Winfield Courier, February 27, 1879. 

                                  “CEDARITE” FROM CEDAR TOWNSHIP.

Mr. E. B. Poole’s school in District No. 107 closes Monday, the 24th inst.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 5, 1879.

We call special attention to the new ad of Prof. Wilkinson in this number. Those in need of musical instruments will find the best at his rooms, on sale, where every attention will be paid the purchaser.


                                                     WINFIELD, KANSAS.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 5, 1879.

                              NAMES ONLY: INTERMEDIATE DEPARTMENT.

John Sankey, Seymore Goff, John Garris, Arthur Coombs, Archie Coombs, Manford Walch, Frank Theaker, Angie Small, Fleeta Cox, Ella Hoyt, Maggie Ford, Lillie Mitchell, Annie Speers, Laura Holloway, Myrtle McNelly, and John Howard. M. L. ELA, Teacher.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 5, 1879.

Scholars perfect in attendance in Primary Department, Arkansas City:

Lizzie Garris, Grace McClung, Clara Ford, Turner Sankey, Maggie Patterson, Lone Ware, Della Poland, and Johnnie Milan. MRS. L. M. H. THEAKER, Teacher.



Winfield Courier, March 6, 1879.

The House has passed a bill which punishes any person for driving or riding over the growing hedge of another; also reduc­ing interest on tax sales to 25 percent; also changing time of holding annual school meeting to first Thursday in July; also giving purchasers of school land twenty years to pay for same at 7 percent interest and extending the time for delinquent purchas­ers to September next; also an act making it a felony for any bank officer or owner of a private bank to receive deposits when the bank is insolvent or is in a failing condition; also an act which prevents cities of the second class from issuing license to sell intoxicating drinks; also an act reducing fees of county clerks and county treasurers; and has pending before it ready for final passage a bill which makes it a misdemeanor to disturb any kind of public meeting. Most of these bills will pass the Senate and are the ones in which our people have some interest.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1879.

                           “VERY SOFT” FROM NORTH EAST NINNESCAH.

The spelling school Tuesday evening at Green Valley was a failure on account of bad weather. VERY SOFT.

Winfield Courier, March 6, 1879.


The following is a report of the Little Dutch school for the month ending February 21st, 1879.

Number enrolled this month, 64; total attendance in days this month, 966; average daily attendance, 48.3; number perfect in deportment, 17; number neither absent or tardy, 26; number of cases of tardiness, 71; number of visits from patrons of the school, 11; number of days school was in session, 20.

The following is the total average grade of those having a grade of 90 percent, and upward, in scholarship, deportment, and attendance: Clara Green, 95; Maggie Heffner, 96; Ida Schock, 96; Elda Schock, 96; Effie White, 92; Lulu Rogers, 91; Mary Taylor, 92; Carrie Smith, 90; Franklin Savage, 94; Alex. Cox, 90; Thos. Covert, 95; E. E. Rogers, 94; Gardie Taylor, 93; Clem Schock, 90.



Winfield Courier, March 6, 1879.

                                            MOSCOW, KANS., Feb. 28, 1879.

Moscow, school district No. 92: The Moscow schoolhouse is almost completed and school will open about the first of April.

Winfield Courier, March 6, 1879.

                                             TEACHERS’ EXAMINATION.

Hereafter the work of examination will be confined to one day, and the studies considered will be limited to a given number of minutes. The metric system and the principles of teaching will form part of every examination. The standing of applicants in spelling and in grammar will be taken largely from their written work. The next examination will be held in the Winfield high school room, beginning at 9 o’clock a.m., Saturday, March 29. Parties interested should take due notice. R. C. STORY, County Superintendent.


Winfield Courier, March 6, 1879.


                                       VALLEY VIEW, KANS., March 2, 1879.

The festival held at Blue’s schoolhouse Feb. 28th was a success. The festival was given for the benefit of Rev. Mr. Lahr. The people of the Winfield circuit will shortly have to part with their minister, Rev. Mr. Lahr. We hope the next minister will be as good a preacher as he is. Mrs. Hood fur­nished some splendid music for the festival.

The Crooked Creek Lyceum is still under headway.

There has been some talk of starting a Temperance Lodge at the Valley View schoolhouse.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1879.

As our city is about to assume the dignity of second class, the following will be of interest to our citizens.

Cities of the second class have special laws for their regulation in school matters. The board of education consists of two members from each ward, who hold office for two years, one being elected annually. No member of the board of education shall be a member of the council, and no councilman shall be a member of the board of education.

For the want of room for schools, children between the ages of five and seven may be excluded from the schools. Territory adjacent to cities of the second class may become attached thereto for school purposes only, application being made to the board of education, and the territory, if attached, is entitled to elect two members of the board of education when equaling any one ward in population or taxable property.

The annual election comes on the first Tuesday of April. The board must organize at its regular meeting in May, and meets on the first Monday of each month. It elects its own officers, excepting the treasurer makes its own rules and regulations, and has sole control of the schools and school property of the city.

A superintendent of schools shall be appointed by the board, shall constitute the committee to examine all applicants for teacher’s positions. In other particulars, cities of the second class are subject to laws similar to the general school laws of the State.


Winfield Courier, March 13, 1879.

                                             PRAIRIE GROVE, March 7, 1879.

MR. EDITOR:—Some fever in these parts, such as railroad, gold, and spring fevers. Some danger of buck ague since shotguns have been so freely used of late in the County. Literary at Prairie Grove will soon close with an exhibition. Give us an east and west road; bonds will carry up this way. Miss Fannie Pontious goes back to Richland to teach the summer school, which is an evidence of her ability to give satisfaction as a teacher.

In reply to U. R. A. Brick & Co., permit me to say if they would use the word Prairie Grove, the proper name of Dist. No. 108, given to it when organized, it would be some credit to them for if it was a buzzard’s festival, U. R. A. Brick & Co. were the buzzards. They state they were attacked by the buzzards before they were done eating. Buzzards will congregate around carcasses.



Winfield Courier, March 13, 1879.

Sickness prevented Mrs. Ed. Chapin from discharging her duties as governess in Dist. No. 115 last week. Miss Grimes’ school in No. 4 in one more week will be enumerated as one of the things that were.

Winfield Courier, March 13, 1879.

In the United States the cost for public schools is $2.02 for each inhabitant. The army taxes us $1.39 per head, while whiskey is only $20 a head.

Winfield Courier, March 13, 1879.

                                                         State School Fund.

The quota of state school fund apportioned to this county, amounting to $3,692.62, has been received by the treasurer and is ready for distribution. Superintendent Story informs us that it will amount to 68-1/4 cents per scholar of school age.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 19, 1879.

The lowest rate of tax in Cowley County is 13 mills on the dollar; the highest 45 mills; the average about 25 mills. The only localities where taxes are high, being Winfield and Arkansas City, where substantial improvements have been built, such as bridge, schoolhouses, etc. Winfield has two iron and one combination bridge across Dutch creek, as well as a good court­house and jail, each brick structures, and a large stone schoolhouse. Arkansas City has a large combination bridge across the Arkansas River, erected at a cost of $13,000, and one across the Walnut River that cost $3,000; also a splendid brick schoolhouse which cost $10,000 and is the finest building in the county. The entire indebtedness of the county is but $31,500. According to the last assessment our taxable property amounted to $2,020,000.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 19, 1879.

                                                               Arbor Day.

By order of the Mayor and Council, Tuesday, March 25th, A. D. 1879, is appointed as an arbor day, and all citizens interested in improving the town are most respectfully requested to furnish trees and turn out and take part in the work of the day. Quick growth trees will be the most suitable. It is desirable to have the ground around the School House well sup­plied with trees. It is also suggested that each person furnish as many trees for their own lots as their circumstances will permit. JAMES BENEDICT, Mayor.

Winfield Courier, March 20, 1879. Editorial Page.

                                    STATE SENATOR, HON. A. J. PYBURN.

For more than two months our State Senator, Hon. A. J. Pyburn, has been constantly at his post at the capital. His return to his home and friends is taken as an opportunity for speaking of his work.

Though differing from Mr. Pyburn politically, we take pleasure in commending his course during the winter. In his support of Mr. Ingalls, he obeyed the wishes of a very large majority of his constituents of all parties. By securing the enactment of the law governing the issuance, payment, etc., of school district bonds, he has rendered the entire State a service, this being one of the most important laws enacted by the legislature. Should it ever be our fortune to be again repre­sented in the State Senate by a democrat, we shall hope that Mr. Pyburn will be the man.

Winfield Courier, March 20, 1879.

The state of Kansas has 266,575 children of school age, and 4,520 schoolhouses, or about sixty children to each school.

Winfield Courier, March 20, 1879.

The Arkansas Valley Teachers’ Association will hold a spring session at Newton, April 3, 4, and 5. A good time is expected. Reduced rates on cars and at hotels have been secured for teach­ers going to this association. Our county superintendent is on the program for a paper on “Supervision of Schools.”

Winfield Courier, March 20, 1879.

The Presbyterian Synod of Kansas has appointed a committee and is taking steps toward locating a Presbyterian college somewhere within the limits of the Synod. Emporia has offered $10,000 toward having it located at that place, and Salina proposes to give $15,000.

Rev. J. E. Platter, who is one of the committee, has offered to donate 20 acres of land adjoining Winfield toward having the college located at this place, and we understand that an effort will be made to get additional subscriptions. With the building of the A. T. & S. F. from the north, the L. L. & G. from the east, and the Mo. Pacific from the northeast, Winfield would be a desirable point for the location of such an institution. Would it not be well to work this matter up?

Winfield Courier, March 20, 1879.

Several hundred dollars were paid last week on orders for state school fund, “and still there’s more to follow.”

Winfield Courier, March 20, 1879.

Can’t our school districts appoint an “arbor day” for the purpose of planting trees? This is a matter that all good citizens should encourage.

Winfield Courier, March 20, 1879.

The students of our city schools presented a pleasing sight as they marched up Ninth avenue Tuesday afternoon to witness the phonograph exhibition at the Opera House. There were between three hundred and four hundred in line marching in two ranks. The older students had the lead and as the long line tapered down to the A B C folks, it looked as if the professor in charge or someone else had whittled the school down “almost to a fine point.”

Winfield Courier, March 20, 1879.

District 75 has had two prairie fires which, owing to the energy of teacher, scholars, and neighbors, were kept from doing the destruction they otherwise would have done. Look out for fires.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 26, 1879.

Our District School closes on Friday next.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 27, 1879.

                                                    COUNTY SUMMARY.

                  From the First Biennial Report of the State Board of Agriculture.

VALUATION AND INDEBTEDNESS.—Assessed valuation of personal property, $447,200; total assessed valuation of all property, $2,020,074.60; true valuation of all property, $3,866,789.33. Total indebtedness of county, township, city, and school dis­tricts, $145,668.82; percent of indebtedness to assessed valua­tion, .07+.

SCHOOLS.—Number of organized districts, 115; school popula­tion, 5,681; average salary of teachers, per month, males, $33.35; females, $26.48. Schoolhouses built during 1878, 9; frame, 8; stone, 1. Total number of schoolhouses, 98; log, 1; frame, 89; brick, 8; stone, 5. Value of school property, $77,250. No report on shade trees.

Winfield Courier, March 27, 1879.

                                                      KANSAS SCHOOLS.

At the close of the last school year, July 31, 1878, Kansas had a school population of 266,575. Of this number 177,806 were enrolled in school—the average daily attendance being 106,932. The increase of school population for the year was 33.701; in enrollment, 19,731, and in average daily attendance, 12,023. The average length of school term for the entire State was 22.6 weeks, this being an increase of 1.1 weeks over the previous year.


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1879.


Some of our farmers start to Wichita tomorrow for lumber to build a schoolhouse in District 109. They expect to build it immediately and have a school this summer.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 2, 1879

                                               WINFIELD, March 28th, 1879.

The late Legislature passed a law requiring school boards, each and every board in the State, to adopt within six months a uniform series of text books in each branch of study in our schools. When this adoption shall have been made, the law forbids any change therein for five years, unless asked by petition from four-fifths of the legal voters of the district desiring the change. School boards can adopt any set of books that may now be in use or that may be wanted by their respective districts.

This adoption should be made at the next annual meeting, and should be made with due deliberation. Many books now in use are not first-class text books, many others are too expensive when bought by retail. Boards should follow the recommendations of the State and County Superintendents, and should give book agents a wide berth.

The State Superintendent proposes to submit a list of the best and cheapest books for our schools, and when this list comes out boards can follow it without fear or mistake. An effort will be made to have the new law go into operation with an even exchange of new books for old ones.

The State tax of one mill, which made up a part of the State fund, was not renewed by the Legislature. This will reduce the State fund for 1880 and 1881 about one-half. Districts should bear this fact in mind in making arrangements for the next school year.

                                                             R. C. STORY.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 2, 1879.

MONDAY, April 7th, the public schools will open for a summer tern of two months. It is desirable that scholars should attend during the remainder of the year. The classes will all advance in studies and absence will entail irregularity or entire loss of grade. The examinations show marked improvement in almost all students. Good work has been done by them all. Let it continue. C. H. SYLVESTER, PRINCIPAL.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1879.

School boards should “look a leedle oud,” as the Legislature struck out the one mill state tax that has been levied heretofore for the state fund. The new law authorizes boards to adopt a uniform series of books in each grade, and forbids any change for five years, except on petition of four-fifths of the legal voters.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 9, 1879

The genial face of Mr. Bacon, principal of our public school last year, is with us for a little while.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 9, 1879.

There will be a meeting of the S. P. U.’s at Bland’s School House on Saturday evening, April 19th, at early candlelight.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 9, 1879.

                                                           Bolton, April 5th.

We want to tell you something from the east end of the banner township. Arbor day will have a memento in green and flowering beauty, at Spring Side schoolhouse for years to come. Messrs. Myers, Gassaway, Chamberlain and Mavis with others were on the ground early under the lead of East Bolton’s Martyr, T. Armstrong. The result: 150 nice trees set out, with roses and flowering shrubs, which will tell their tale in years to come.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 9, 1879.

Arbor day at the Linton Guthrie Conover Schoolhouse wit­nessed the setting out of a number of fine shade trees and preparation for still further beautifying the grounds, which are to be enclosed with a fence.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 10, 1879 - Front Page.

Beaver’s literary institutions at the Tannehill and Enter­prise schoolhouses, after a pleasant and interesting winter session, have adjourned, to meet again when another season’s crop is garnered.

Miss Grimes’ school at Centennial closed last Saturday with a dinner entertainment. Clara Browning received an excellency for scholarship.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1879.

There are one hundred and seventeen school districts in this county. Around the school house in each of these a grove should be planted this spring. If the ground has not been broken or is not fenced, then the district board should see that it is put in cultivation; at the next annual meeting provision should be made for the fence and a year hence the trees should be planted. Delay not but go to work at once.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 17, 1879. Front Page.

School begins this morning with Mrs. Ida Brown as teacher.

Mattie West is teaching school in district No. 78.

Sadie Davis will soon close her school in the northeast corner of the county. NIP.

Lazette, April 11, 1879.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1879.

In view of the change in Winfield from a third class to a second class city, some changes in school district No. 1 will be made before the annual meeting. The superintendent contemplates forming a district east of town out of the following territory: S. W. 1/4 of 13, S. ½ of 14 and 15; the N. ½ and S. E. 1/4 of 22; all of 23, 24, 25, and 26, and the E. ½ of 27, T. 32, R. 4.

All interested in this matter would do well to see the county superintendent, Saturday next, at 2 o’clock p.m.



Winfield Courier, April 17, 1879.

T. J. Floyd’s school is progressing finely.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 23, 1879.

The Legislature passed a law of considerable importance concerning schools, of which the following is the substance.

The district board, each board of education, and each and every school district board shall require a uniform series of text books to be used in each branch of study in each school; but each board shall determine for itself, within six months from the passage of this act, the particular series of text books which shall hereafter be adopted and introduced in pursuance of the provisions of this act by said boards. No change shall be made for a period of five years from the date of the introduction of any particular series of text books, unless four-fifths of the legal voters of any district shall petition for a change in the series of text books adopted; but no member of the said boards, or either of them, nor any teacher, while employed as such teacher, shall act as agent for any author, publisher, or book­seller, nor shall any member of the said boards, or any of them, or any employed teacher, directly or indirectly, receive any gift, emolument, or reward for his or her influence in recommend­ing or introducing any book, school apparatus, or furniture of any kind whatever.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 23, 1879.

There will be preaching next Sabbath afternoon (April 27th) at three o’clock in the Stony Point Schoolhouse. After which if the way is clear, a Union Sunday School will be organized.



Winfield Courier, April 24, 1879.

The new schoolhouse in district 100 is completed, and last Sabbath witnessed the organization of a Union Sabbath school therein.



Winfield Courier, April 24, 1879.

A. B. Taylor is teaching school in district 39. We saw him a few days ago in our midst shaking with the ague.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 30, 1879.

Divine service was held in Stony Point schoolhouse last Sabbath by Rev. McClung. A large number were present. After service a Sabbath school was organized.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 1, 1879. - Front Page.

School closed at Green Valley March 26. Teacher: Mr. Corson.


[“L.” - RICHLAND.]

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Richland school has opened for a three month’s term: Miss Fannie Pontius, teacher. She taught the winter term of three months and gave general satisfaction.



Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

School reopened at the Centennial last Monday, under the supervision of Miss Henrietta King.

Now is a golden opportunity afforded the school board of district No. 4 to exhibit usual energy and enterprise in accept­ing the advice of the COURIER in a recent issue, to plant shade trees around the schoolhouse. The board might appoint an arbor day and request that each family in the district send one repre­sentative with a young, thrifty, growing tree. The hearts of posterity would surely overflow with gratitude to the energetic board that engineered the work to a successful issue. Who will be the first to establish a name on the scroll of fame in this direction?

Victor schoolhouse has considerably improved its appearance by a coat of paint and a supply of hitching racks for securing horses. This is a good example for other schoolhouses to follow.

Buck Anderson, once a week—every Thursday night—at Beaver Center schoolhouse, explains to the rural minds the intricacies and rudiments of vocal music.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 7, 1879.

The Auditor of State has just forwarded to Washington a list of 225,000 acres of indemnity school lands. The claim of Kansas for the sixth and thirty sixth sections Indian reservations is the first and only one of the kind allowed to any State.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

School boards would do well to follow the instructions sent out last week by our county superintendent regarding purchase of textbooks for their schools. Book agents will come into the county, but they should be recognized only so far as endorsed by the county superintendent, and no farther.

[Refers to act of the late legislature, wherein each and every district board in the State is required to adopt, within six months, a uniform series of text-books, to be introduced and used in each separate branch of study. When adopted, books cannot be changed for five years, unless four-fifths of the legal voters of a district petition for a change.]


Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

The Board of Education, elect, met Monday evening in pursu­ance of the provisions of the law for the purpose of effecting an organization.

The meeting was called to order by Mr. M. G. Troup, after which officers for the ensuing year were elected as follows.

President: F. S. Jennings.

Vice President: N. L. Rigby.

Clerk: Fred C. Hunt.

The clerk’s salary was fixed at $50.00 per annum.

The Treasurer’s bond was fixed at $10,000.

Resolution passed that no application for position as teacher be considered until after the middle of June, and that in the meantime all applications be filed with the Clerk of the Board.

Board adjourned to meet again at the office of Jennings & Buckman, when the report of the retiring Board will be received. A full attendance of the retiring Board at that time is




Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Miss Jennie Rouzee is teaching a subscription school at Enterprise.

Miss Amelia Jones is conducting a subscription school at Beaver Center.

Last Monday Miss Amy Robertson began a three months’ term of school in district No. 44.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Last Friday afternoon a lively gent from the country was in Joe’s saloon, and not behaving to suit, Joe ordered him out, when he seized a cuss, and threatened vengeance. Someone called out “Police!” and the country gent ran away like an antelope, with Ed. Nicholson and several others after him, followed by an excited crowd of men, boys, bootblacks, loafers, and school was just out, and a crowd of school children followed in the wake, making a very exciting and amusing affair of it. The pursued was finally overtaken and captured and marched back into Main street followed by the crowd. Here two ladies fell upon the prisoner and cried and moaned as though he was their only stay and support and was going to his execution. The prisoner was taken before Judge Boyer and Joe was summoned to make his complaint. Joe appeared and said he had no complaint to make, and no one else having any, the prisoner was told he could go, but someone suggested that he should jump out of the window and let the crowd have another race, which he accordingly did, and someone sung out that the prisoner had escaped. Again, there was excitement and rushing to and fro and searching in every notch and room along the street to find him. When found he was marching proudly along the sidewalk with a lady on each arm, but was not further molested.



Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Rev. J. A. Rupp preaches every two weeks at Valley View at eleven o’clock.

District No. 48 has for the first time started a Sunday school, with J. A. Rupp, Supt.; Chas. McClung, Ass’t Supt.; Mary McClung, Sec.; Ada Kimble, Librarian and Treasurer. All are invited. We can now boast of three Sabbath schools.

Pleasant Grove will have a picnic the last of May. All the schools around will be invited.

Mt. Zion Sunday school is to have a concert.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 21, 1879.

The people over in Bolton held a picnic in Moore’s grove last Saturday afternoon. In the evening a dance took place at the Bland Schoolhouse and everything passed off lovely.



Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

On the west side of the river lays the farm of Mr. Morris, of Black Hills fame. He has just finished building a large stone barn, costing I am informed, from $600 to $800. Here I may state that the Grouse valley between Lazette and Dexter contains more and better barns and stables than any other part of the country, some of the stone buildings costing many hundred dollars more than the one above mentioned.

To the south of this place lays the farm of George Gardenhire. This farm has been under the charge of Mr. Tucker, the pedagogue of this school district. He seems to be a success, both as farmer and teacher, a young man of good acquirements and excellent ability.



Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Pleasant Hill and Floral schools look rather thin; the children have the measles.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

The voters of district No. 1 will meet at the King schoolhouse Friday, May 31, at 1 p.m. to select temporary officers to serve until the annual meeting.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 28, 1879

The present term of school closes Friday.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 28, 1879.

All members of Co. C. (Bolton Militia), are requested to meet at the Bland Schoolhouse on Saturday, May 31st, at 2 o’clock for the purpose of signing the muster rolls.

                                                  R. HOFFMASTER, Captain.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

DASTARDLY—Some galoots supposed to be from Arkansas City, have lately been in the habit of passing by the schoolhouses between the city and Winfield, and firing pistol balls through the schoolhouse doors and walls. If they do not get well peppered with a few charges of salt, they will fail to meet their desserts.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 4, 1879.

Rev. J. S. McClung will preach at the Starry Point Schoolhouse, next Sabbath afternoon, at half-past two o’clock.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 4, 1879.

There will be an informal meeting of the citizens of School District No. 2, on Saturday, June 7th, at 2 o’clock, for the purpose of taking into consideration the hiring of a teacher for the next school year. BY ORDER OF THE BOARD.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 4, 1879.

School closed last Friday with a good year’s work done. Mr. Sylvester has given the very best of satisfaction in his manage­ment of the school. He has succeeded in doing, what very few teachers are able to, that, of establishing a true and lasting friendship between himself and his pupils; and has won by his gentlemanly conduct and assiduous attention to the duties of his school, a host of friends. We hope to welcome him back again next year.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 4, 1879.


Maggie Sample, Rose Sample, Annie Coulter, Clara Lorry, George Hunt, Frank Lorry, Frank Bland, Ruth Voris, Fred Lorry, Mamie Schnee, Marion Hunt, Mary Lorry, Clyde Akers.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 5, 1879. - Front Page.

Miss Jennie Rouzee suspended school at Enterprise on account of illness.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

H. T. Albert’s school is full, and work moves along well toward the close of the term.



Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Richmond’s school is out after a nine month’s siege.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 11, 1879.

Mr. Sylvester left for his home in Wisconsin last Monday morning. As this is the annual vacation of the public school, he expects to remain away about ten weeks, and then return with fresh vigor to commence his task anew.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 12, 1879. - Front Page.

Miss Bolcourt is teaching a summer school at the Baltimore schoolhouse now.

Charles Messenger and George F. Thompson returned from Manhattan on the 25th of May, where they have been attending college since last September. Both are well pleased with their first year in college, and will probably return again in the fall.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

A. E. Hon has closed his term of School in District 10.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

R. B. Huster, formerly teacher in district 30, has gone to Lawrence.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

School District 118 has been organized by our county super­intendent.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

District 82, Liberty township, has voted bonds for a schoolhouse.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Charles Powell has accepted an agency from Van Antwerp, Bragg & Co., publishers of the widely known Eclectic series of school books. Charley is a responsible representative of a responsible firm.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

On last Friday the spring term of the Winfield school closed. This has been the most successful term of school ever taught in Winfield. The principal, Mr. Geo. Robinson, has worked earnestly and faithfully to bring our schools to a high state of perfection, and his success is justly merited.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

The annual meeting for the election of school officers will come on Thursday the 14th day of August. Clerks, directors, and treasurers should get their districts in ship-shape for this meeting, and patrons should turn out in full force to do their duty in supporting and regulating school matters.



Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Miss Strong, of Rock, is teaching a summer school at the Centennial schoolhouse.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 18, 1879.

The Ethiopians of Beaver Township gave a concert at Victoria School House last Saturday evening.



Winfield Courier, June 19, 1879.

James Kelly called on Tuesday evening. Jim is trying to induce the school boards to adopt the school books published by Van Antwerp, Bragg & Co., which we did just a few hours before Jim got in. I am sorry Jim did not get in sooner.

Prof. Story was over and called on us last week. We are always glad to see our old friend, Mr. Story, and have him stop and see us. “Seems like some of our folks.”

Our spring term of school will close this week, which ends a series of nine months of school by Prof. H. T. Albert, one of the best teachers in Cowley. Hope we will be able to procure his services again next fall and winter.



Winfield Courier, June 19, 1879.

Miss Allie Harden is teaching school in district 54, on Crab creek.

Arvilla Elliott is teaching school in district 110.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 25, 1879.

There will be a meeting of the people at Bolton, at Bland’s Schoolhouse, Saturday night, to discuss bridge matters.


Winfield Courier, June 26, 1879.

We observe that the Mayor of this city has called an elec­tion for next Tuesday in the school district composed of the city of Winfield, to vote upon a proposition authorizing the issuance of bonds of the city or district not exceeding $10,000 with interest not exceeding seven percent, to build a suitable schoolhouse. Now we have had no hand in getting up this matter, have not been consulted, and have consulted with no one in regard to the matter; do not know who has been active in the matter and what are their intentions further than appears in the election proclamation, but we are of the opinion that the bonds should be voted.

So far as the taxes are concerned, we presume they will affect us personally fully as much as they will affect our neighbor across the way, who opposed the bonds on the ground of taxation, and says that if we vote these bonds “we will keep voting them until a debt of $50,000 is made.”

The absurdity of this freshman statement is apparent when we consider that this district once voted $5,000 for a similar purpose and have not more in several years and that now these bonds are paid.

It is a fact that we need a great deal more school room now, that our city is growing and promises in the immediate future to require still more. During the last session six school rooms have been well filled and it has become a moral certainty that eight rooms will soon be required. We have now only four belonging to the district, have been renting two at $350 per annum (if we remember correctly), and if we do not build, we must rent two more at similar cost, thus making our rents amount to $700 a year, besides the danger to the health of our children by confining them in badly ventilated and damp basements. Now if the $10,000 bonds be issued, the interest could not be greater than $700 per year, the amount we must otherwise pay as rents; therefore, our taxation would not be increased thereby, at least until money must be raised to sink the principal.

We should say, build a main school building on the south end of our present stone wing sufficiently large to add four large and convenient school rooms and for hall, closets, and other modern conveniences, employ a first class schoolhouse architect (we shall not apply for the job) to attend to it, remodel the roof, and some other parts of the present building to make the two one harmonious whole, and make it an architectural beauty such as we shall feel proud of. We believe this can be done for $8,000, and we believe our school bonds bearing six percent interest can be sold at par. If these should prove facts, our yearly interest would be only $480 and it would actually decrease our taxation.

But were it a fact that it would increase our taxation, would it not be vastly better to preserve our children in life and health by providing healthy, well ventilated and convenient school rooms above ground? And were there nothing in this, what friend and citizen of our proud young city is not willing to put his hand into his pocket a little way in order to give his city the credit of having a fine school house?

We are daily receiving letters of inquiry from other states in relation to this city as a desirable location for residence and business, and among these inquiries those concerning our school and church buildings, schools and churches are always prominent in well written letters, while the illiterate letters rarely refer to them. On strangers who are intelligent and who would make valuable citizens, the appearance of the schoolhouse will have a decided effect in deciding their location. We are gaining a proud name for our churches, let us have a schoolhouse of which we need not be ashamed. Vote for the bonds.

Winfield Courier, June 26, 1879.

At a meeting of the School Directors on Monday, June 16th, F. S. Jennings in the chair, the following appointments were made for the coming year: Principal, Prof. E. T. Trimble, of Illi­nois, who takes the place of Mr. G. W. Robinson, resigned; Helen E. Meach, of Chicago, who takes the place of Miss Aldrich in the grammar department; Miss Sarah Hodges, who takes the place of Mrs. Moffit, resigned—second intermediate; Miss Minnie Johnson, a new appointment, 1st intermediate; Miss Allie Klingman, returned, 2nd primary; Miss Mollie Bryant, 1st primary. The Chair appoint­ed the committees for the ensuing year, to-wit: M. G. Troup, Finance; N. L. Rigby, Ways and Means; I. W. Randall, Care of School property. The first Monday in July was set for the next meeting of the Directors. The fall term of school opens Septem­ber 1st.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 2, 1879.

The Semi-Weekly boils at the thought of ten thousand dollars for a public school building for the city of Winfield, and says that if you want to stop emigration, commence to vote bonds! You see, Brother Conklin, we are none of us selfish. It would hurt the city of Winfield to vote her into debt, but to create a debt to build another courthouse for the people of Cowley to pay is really a pretty thing. No, don’t give ten thousand dollars for that schoolhouse to enlighten and ennoble the minds of countless numbers who are soon to make our laws and fill public places, but put the money into the courthouse and make cells and chains to protect society.


Winfield Courier, July 3, 1879.

We did not take any interest in the school bond election last Tuesday, because of the fact that there was no registration as required in cities of the second class, and this, whether it would make the bonds invalid or not, would render the bonds unsalable.

Therefore, when this question was raised, we concluded it was best not to vote the bonds, and feeling sure of a defeat, we paid no attention to the matter.

      Now, we have to urge that the citizens take hold of this matter at once, have the proper registration effected, and call an election to vote $6,000, or such sum as is necessary to build a main part to our present school house and make such changes in the old as will make it correspond with the new, making in the new part four large and convenient school rooms, hall, closets, and other conveniences, and making a good looking and substantial building of it. This with the two rooms in the wood structure will make all the school room we shall need until the city is richer and more populous, and we think can be effected for $6,000, in district bonds drawing six percent interest, or $360 interest per year.

If we do not do something of this sort, we must pay about $600 per year rent. We take no stock in the idea of building more board shanties scattered around the city. When we need more school room than the above place will furnish, we should build another fine schoolhouse in the south or southwest part of the city, but we don’t like the stingy idea of building low, dirty board barracks near as well as we do paying taxes for good buildings, especially when the barracks are going to make about as much taxes as the fine school buildings.

Winfield Courier, July 3, 1879.

Keep it before the people. The annual school meeting comes on the second Thursday of August.

Winfield Courier, July 3, 1879.

Mr. H. C. Holcomb will have a stand on the grounds next Friday. Mr. Holcomb has been a cripple from his birth, and deserves the patronage of all kind hearted people. He is a school teacher by profession, and not having a school at present, feels desirous of doing something for himself whenever occasion offers. Let all of our readers who have a spare dime to spend patronize Mr. Holcomb.

Winfield Courier, July 3, 1879.

The storm Friday night last did considerable damage in Harvey township. Mr. Callahan’s house was blown down and he received some damage from the falling timbers. John Mason’s house was blown over. A house belonging to Mr. Pattison was torn down. Mrs. Campbell’s house and the schoolhouse in Cedar Valley were also blown down. The trees along Grouse were fearfully twisted and torn, and the immense rainfall put the creek on a big tare.



Winfield Courier, July 3, 1879.

Miss Fannie Pontious’ school at Richland closed last Satur­day. I was not there but heard that the parents came with full bas­kets. Miss Fannie set up the lemonade and thus closed a pleasant school. She is going to attend the normal and somebody will get a good teacher this winter if they employ her.



Winfield Courier, July 3, 1879.

During one of the late storms the lightning struck our schoolhouse, doing some damage to the south end. Miss Bolcourt’s school closed at this place one week ago to-day.



Winfield Courier, July 3, 1879.

                                                 OMNIA, Tp., June 27, 1879.

It has rained and rained, and all we have been able to do for some time is to be interviewed, not by politicians exclusively, but mostly by book agents without rest. Our legislature is responsible for a great loss of breath on account of the new school law. We have adopted, but not until we were convinced that there was a terrible lot of good books published in the U. S., and that about forty good natured agents were very much interested in having us adopt their particular series, just for our own good.



Winfield Courier, July 10, 1879.

Miss Mollie Buck’s school closed on the 3rd. She had a full atten­dance throughout the term.

Winfield Courier, July 10, 1879.

The bidding on school land Saturday got quite exciting, and the school fund gained considerable thereby. One quarter section brought $912.

Winfield Courier, July 10, 1879.

Mr. Anderson Battery, of Omnia township, was in the City Tuesday, taking the initiatory steps toward the organization of a new school district in Omnia.

Winfield Courier, July 10, 1879.

Surveyor Haight has just completed a beautiful and accurate school district map of Cowley County. It was made for the use of the superintendent’s office.

Winfield Courier, July 10, 1879.

The petition for the attachment of adjacent territory to the city of Winfield for school purposes was presented to the Board Monday night. It was signed by a very large majority of the people living on the land in question.



Winfield Courier, July 10, 1879.


The schools of Cowley County, under the efficient management of Supt. R. C. Story, are second to none in the State. I insert the following statistics on schools.

No. of Districts in the county: 115

School population: 5,681

No. of pupils enrolled: 3,766

No. of districts having school: 100

Value of school property: $68,810

Taxable property: $1,979,487

State fund received: $9,713

Total expense for schools: $27,092



Winfield Courier July 17, 1879.

Preaching every two weeks in the schoolhouse by the Rev. W. H. Rose, pastor of the M. E. church. Congregations large.

Winfield Courier, July 24, 1879.

The foolish business of cutting and slashing up townships, which commenced in this place by making it a city of the second class, has been continued. While we were absent, the new town­ship of Walnut was made and Winfield township was whittled to pieces. We are disgusted with the whole business. Nothing but harm will be the result. Winfield has lost much of the value of its schools by weakening them, has assumed a much more expensive city government, and cut itself off from its best helpers and supporters. The change of township lines has done no one any good, while it has complicated everything and will doubtless lead to much litigation and bad blood. If anyone expects that these changes will in any way release him from taxes on the bridge bonds, he will find himself mistaken.



Winfield Courier, July 31, 1879.

Lightning struck the Olive schoolhouse in a recent thun­derstorm, entering at, and tearing away one-half the brick flue above the roof, passing down the stove pipe to the stove, thence through the floor, leaving a little round hole and a splintered place to show its place of exit.


Winfield Courier, July 31, 1879.

According to previous arrangement the citizens of Pleasant Valley township and vicinity met at Odessa schoolhouse for the purpose of organizing a stock protective union. The following officers of Bolton Stock Protective Union were elected: Captain, C. C. Pierce; 1st Lieut., R. C. Devore; 2nd Lieut., Wm. P. Hostetler; Orderly Sergeant, E. T. Green; General Messengers, S. B. Hunt and A. DeTurk.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 13, 1879.

C. H. Sylvester, principal of the school at this place, who has been visiting his “parents on the farm,” at Boscobel, Wiscon­sin, starts on his return trip today, and expects to arrive in Winfield next Saturday. As soon as the Normal Institute ad­journs, Herbert will be ready for business at his old post.

Winfield Courier, August 21, 1879.

The school fund, amounting to $4,033, is now deposited with the County Treasurer. It will be ready for distribution by the last of this week.

Winfield Courier, August 21, 1879.

The semi-annual apportionment of the State school fund to the counties was made on the 15th. The amount apportioned was $189,232.75. Cowley County gets $4,033.51. Nine counties get more each.


Winfield Courier, August 21, 1879.

ED. COURIER: On the 8th of September, the city schools will open. Under the law controlling such cases the Board of Educa­tion has determined to exclude all children under the age of 7. Will this relieve us of the difficulties which now face us? Last year the rooms were crowded though the primary grade was put in two divisions. The enrollment of children of school age is now over six hundred. Of this number, not more than one hundred and fifty will fall under the order; and of the others not more than fifty will remain out of school. This will leave at least four hundred children to be accommodated in six rooms and instructed by only six teachers; an average of more than sixty-four to a teacher.

By cutting off those under seven years of age, the bulk of the first primary department is thrown out of school. Can our city afford to compress schools and departments in this manner, and to this extent? If the rule of seclusion were to become a fixed one in school matters, the Board of Education could reorga­nize the schools on the new basis. This regulation will be enforced only so long as the lack of room is so great that all cannot be accommodated. But when the Board may wish to restore the privilege to children under seven years, a second reorganiza­tion of the primary schools will be necessitated.

By using the basement of the Presbyterian church, the city is taxed at the rate of $300 a year, an amount equivalent to the interest on $3,000 in bonds. For $4,000 two good, brick Ward schoolhouses can be erected, furnished, and finished, ready in every particular for use. By moving in this matter at once the Board could put up these buildings in time for use this fall, and so accommodate all children of school age, and thus keep our system on the basis it now occupies. Would it not be well to call a public meeting to consider this question, and to give the Board that aid which comes from a public expression of opinion on this subject?


P. S.: The question of the unfitness of the basement for school purposes—a grave one—should also be looked at.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 27, 1879.

Notice. There will be a regular meeting of the Pleasant Valley S. P. U. on Thursday night, September 4th, at the Odessa schoolhouse. A full attendance is requested.

                                                            PER ORDERS.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 27, 1879.

C. H. Sylvester, principal of our schools, arrived Sunday night. He will spend this week at the Institute in Winfield, and be ready for business on the 8th of September. Mr. Cal. Swarts has been employed as teacher in the intermediate department, which meets the approval of all parties.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 27, 1879.

Billy Arlington, the champion humorous lecturer in the country, will lecture at the schoolhouse in our city next Tuesday evening. This gentleman has been before the public for more than twenty-five years, first as a minstrel, but of late years as a lecturer, and has given such entire satisfaction that his name is a household word in Eastern circles. While in the Arlington, Cotton & Kemble troupe he built the Meyer’s opera house at Chicago, playing there until 1874. Mr. Arlington’s lecture is without exception the best thing of its kind before the public. In order to start a library for the school in our city, this lecture is given under the auspices of the literary society, and the proceeds will be devoted to purchasing books. Such a worthy object should not fail in drawing a large audience, and Mr. Sylvester promises to keep the ball rolling until we can boast of a good library. The Baptist church handles Arlington at Winfield, the proceeds to aid their society in building, and the library associations of Wichita and El Dorado take him in those cities. Reserved seat tickets are for sale at Eddy’s drug store; price fifty cents; regular admission thirty-five cents. For the sake of our school and library, let there be a good turn-out.


Winfield Courier, August 28, 1879.

The school board met on Monday evening, and adopted the following series of school books for the next five years.

Monteith’s Geographics.

White’s Practical, Robinson’s Mental Arithmetic.

Wilson’s Algebras.

Harvey’s Grammars and Spellers.

Barnes’ Brief History of the United States.

Loomis’ Physiology.

Steele’s Philosophy.

Spencerian System of Writing.

Youman’s First Book, and Wood’s Class Book in Botany.

Morse’s Zoology.

Andrew’s Manual of the Constitution.

Cornell’s Physical Geography.

Wentworth’s Geometry.

Swinton’s Language Lessons and Word Analysis.

Hepburn’s Rhetoric.

McGuffy’s Revised Readers.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 3, 1879

School commences next Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 3, 1879.

The schoolhouse grounds are covered with weeds. They should be cut down without delay.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 3, 1879.

The belfry of the schoolhouse is now the roosting place of a colony of pigeons. The entire schoolhouse needs a thorough cleaning before next Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 3, 1879.

School district No. 89, Bolton Township, has flourished to such an extent as to necessitate the building of a larger schoolhouse. The school interests rank first with our farmers, and every facility is given to the children that they may become useful citizens and ornaments to society.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 3, 1879.

The city schools begin Monday next. As they are to be graded, it is requested that all the pupils be present at the opening. Let them bring the books used last year and not buy until they have ascertained exactly what they need. C. H. SYLVESTER, Prin.

Winfield Courier, September 4, 1879.

Miss C. F. C. Meech will open a school for children Monday, September 8th, on 11th Avenue. Patronage solicited.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 10, 1879.

There were 128 pupils enrolled at the opening of school last Monday—just double the number of last year.

Winfield Courier, September 11, 1879.

School district 121, comprising eight sections and a half, has not a single acre of taxable property within its boundaries, none of the land being entered.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 17, 1879.

PREACHING. There will be preaching at the Coburn schoolhouse, Silverdale township, next Sunday evening, by Rev. Rose.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 17, 1879.

                                                      S. P. U.’S Take Notice.

There will be a meeting of the Stock Protective Union, next Friday night, at the Bland schoolhouse, Bolton township. Every member is requested to be present as business of great importance is to be transacted. Don’t fail to come out, men. We have work to do.

                                                  R. HOFFMASTER, Captain.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 17, 1879.

The School Board has, at our suggestion, adopted the follow­ing course of study for the schools of the city.

Primary Department.

1st year: Reader—First. Writing. Drawing. Numbers.

2nd year: Reader—Second. Spelling. Writing. Drawing.

                Numbers, Addition, Subtraction.

3rd year: Reader—Third. Spelling. Writing. Drawing.

                Arithmetic—Primary. Geography. Oral.

Intermediate Department.

1st year: Reader—Third (completed). Spelling. Writing.

                Drawing. Arithmetic—Primary (completed).


2nd year: Reader—Fourth. Spelling. Writing. Drawing.

                Drawing. Arithmetic—Intermediate.

                Geography—Elementary (continued).


3rd year: Reader—Fourth (completed). Spelling. Writing.

                Drawing. Arithmetic—Intermediate (com.).

                Geography—Comprehensive. Language Lessons.

Grammar Department.

1st year: Reader—Fifth. Spelling. Writing. Drawing.

                Arithmetic—Complete. Geography—Comprehensive,

                (com.). Grammar.

2nd year: Reader—Fifth (completed). Spelling. Writing.

                Drawing. Arithmetic—Complete, (completed.)

                U. S. History. Grammar (completed).

                                                          HIGH SCHOOL.

1st year: Reading—Miscellaneous. Drawing. Algebra.

                Book-keeping. Physical Geography. Rhetoric.


The course has been made as comprehensive as circumstances will permit. A diploma will be given to pupils who have completed, in a satisfactory manner, the course prescribed.

The schools do not at present conform exactly to the stan­dard. This difficulty, however, will soon be remedied. In closing we ask the cooperation of the parents in this work. Changes will be made in the grade of a scholar only when his best interests demand it.

                            C. H. SYLVESTER, C. L. SWARTS, MRS. THEAKER.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 24, 1879.

The district school at Stony Point, Bolton Township, com­menced Monday morning.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 24, 1879.

Teacher wanted in district sixty-nine. Male teacher that has had several years experience in teaching, and that is capable of teaching music. Young teachers need not apply.

                                                       E. BOWEN, Director.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 1, 1879.

NOTICE: There will be a meeting of the members of the Prairie View Cemetery Company, at Parker schoolhouse, on Thurs­day, October 9th, for the purpose of cutting the grass. By order of the COMMITTEE.



For three years my labors have been earnestly put forth to advance the cause of education in Cowley County. Thro’ the columns of the county papers, in visits made to a large part of the schools and districts of the county, and in addresses in many neighborhoods this work has been untiringly pushed. The territo­ry is so large, the district so numerous, the interests so vast and so varied that the question of meeting the demands made upon me compels me to seek new and additional forces with which to carry on successfully the duties of my office. In the hope of meeting these demands and duties, and in the broader hope of reaching more widely and more deeply all who are concerned in the welfare of our common schools, this new venture is undertaken. There will be much labor and little money in it. The means to meet the expenses of publishing and editing this paper come from the generous businessmen who advertise in its columns. The full tax however may not be met this way, but the balance will be gladly met should the paper prove to be serviceable in promoting the cause for which it appears.

Its constant aim will be to reach and benefit the pupils and teachers in the public schools, the families from which come teachers and pupils, and the district officers, who are the educational guardians of their people. R. C. STORY, Co. Supt.

Cowley County Teacher, October 8, 1879.

The attendance at the late Normal Institute was all that could be wished by anyone. For the first time the number of teachers enrolled exceeded the number of districts in the county. . . .

Cowley County Teacher, October 8, 1879.

                                                     TEACHER’S WAGES.

The question is often asked by parties living in the east, what wages do you pay teachers in Kansas?  In this county wages for female teachers, in 1877 and 1878 averaged $25.99; for male teachers, $31.52 per month. The average number of weeks of school was 18.08. The returns for last year are not all in, and no exact estimate can be given. Probably the wages will range about as they were the year before.

The length of terms and the quality of teaching are increas­ing, while districts are growing stronger in value of property and in the number of children. These are the causes that determine the wages of teaching. As districts get out of debt; and grown in school population and in resources, it is natural to infer that better wages will be paid.

Occasionally one hears that teachers have formed a combina­tion to put up wages; or that the examining board advises teach­ers to demand higher wages; or that the county superintendent is seeking to raise the pay of teachers. How or why these silly rumors begin no one can tell. The pay of teachers, like the wages of all working classes, depends on laws which are above the control of superintendents, examining boards, and teachers. The factors that make the wages given teachers are three:  the financial resources of the districts, their freedom from indebt­edness, and the quality of teaching. Only one of these factors can be affected by any influence from teachers or school offi­cials, and that is the quality of the teaching. Who can exert the greatest influence on this factor?  Who would be benefitted most, financially, by its increase in worth?  Those who labor in the school-room in the position of teachers. In this county, as elsewhere, good teachers are sought for, and are paid good wages for their labors. When teachers cry out for better wages, they should be told to increase the worth of their wares, and their pay will increase proportionally.

Cowley County Teacher, October 8, 1879.

First paragraph partially torn...ends up with the following words: “and  organized a permanent association.” Article then goes on with resolutions...

The work of the general institute was practical and success­ful, and was summed up in the following resolutions.

Resolved, That monthly reports should be made by teachers strictly in accordance with the blank reports sent out by the county superintendent, and that such reports should be made promptly at the close of each calendar month.

Resolved, That both written and oral class examinations should be held as often as once a month, and that oral reviews should be had at least once a week.

Resolved, That county schools should be divided into prima­ry, intermediate, and grammar grades, and that the teacher should grade his school according to its needs and advancement.

Resolved, That written work in schools should consist (1) of written preparation for recitations; (2) of written work at recitation; and (3) of written work at monthly examinations.

Resolved, That this work should be prepared frequently, and kept by the teacher for the inspection of parents, officers, and visitors.

Resolved, That while we, as teachers, do not condemn the judicious attendance of pupils and teachers at socials and lyceums, yet we recommend that such meetings be held only on Friday or Saturday night.

Resolved, That no class of entertainments should continue in session later than 10 o’clock, p.m.

Resolved, That such entertainments should not be held oftener than once in two weeks.

Resolved, That the teachers of Cowley county hereby tender Hon. Allen B. Lemmon their sincere thanks for his recent visit, and for his hearty words uttered in behalf of education. We deeply appreciate the worth of his devoted and untiring efforts in the cause of common schools, and we trust that all true friends of education will recognize in him a worthy and conscien­tious co-laborer.

Resolved, That our thanks are due, and are hereby tendered, to all who have been engaged in working with us in our normal, in the capacity of instructors.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 8, 1879.

Mr. Sylvester resumed his duties in the School last Monday morning.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 8, 1879.

                                       Affidavit signed by the District Board of 69.

We, the undersigned District Board of School District No. 69, County of Cowley, State of Kansas, sign our names to the following declaration, to wit:

Mr. J. O. Wilkinson was never turned out of our school by us nor had we the slightest occasion to take any legal steps for his dismissal; believing, as we now do, that he taught us the best school we ever had in the District. ELISHA BOWEN, Pres.

              MARY URQUHART, Clerk.

Winfield Courier, October 9, 1879.

Married on Sunday, September 28th, at Pleasant Grove schoolhouse, by Rev. P. B. Lee, Mr. William D. Stoddard and Miss Lora Easterly.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 15, 1879.

There will be a republican meeting at the Elisha Parker schoolhouse, east Creswell, on Saturday night next, and it is to be hoped a full house of earnest republicans will be present to hear the arguments of good speakers.


Winfield Courier, October 16, 1879 - Front Page.

                                             From the Cowley County Teacher.

The question is often asked by parties living in the east, what wages do you pay teachers in Kansas. In this county wages for female teachers, in 1877 and 1878, averaged $25.00; the male teachers, $31.52 per month. The average number of weeks of school was 18.08. The returns for last year are not all in, and no exact estimate can be given. Probably the wages will range about as they were the year before. The length of terms and the quality of teaching are increasing, while districts are growing stronger in value of property and in the number of children. These are the causes that determine the wages of teaching. As districts get out of debt, and grow in school population and in resources, it is natural to infer that better wages will be paid.

Occasionally one hears that teachers have formed a combina­tion to put up wages; or that the examining board advises teach­ers to demand higher wages; or that the county superintendent is seeking to raise the pay of teachers. How or why these silly rumors begin, no one can tell. The pay of teachers, like the wages of all working classes, depends on laws which are above the control of superintendents, examining boards, and teachers.

The factors that make the wages given teachers are three: the financial resources of the districts, their freedom from indebt­edness, and the quality of teaching. Only one of these factors can be affected by any influence from teachers or school offi­cials, and that is the quality of teaching. Who can exert the greatest influence on this factor? Who would be benefitted most, financially, by its increase in worth? Those who labor in the school-room in the position of teachers. In this county, as elsewhere, good teachers are sought for, and are paid good wages for their labors. When teachers cry out for better wages, they should be told to increase the worth of their wares, and their pay will increase proportionally.


Winfield Courier, October 16, 1879.

The State Superintendent, A. B. Lemmon, states that in the event school district boards have not completed the work of adoption and introduction of school books by the 16th Sept., 1879, the date of the expiration of the new school law, it is their duty and right to proceed until the work is completed.

Winfield Courier, October 16, 1879.

School district 51, two miles above the mouth of Silver Creek, in Silverdale township, wants a male teacher. Don’t all speak at once.

Winfield Courier, October 16, 1879.

The Board of Education met Saturday evening. A petition was presented for the attachment of the southeast quarter of section 27, and the southwest quarter, section 26, to the city for school purposes, which was granted.

Winfield Courier, October 23, 1879.

Nearly seven thousand school children in Cowley County, July 31st, an increase of about one thousand over the year ‘77 and ‘78.

Winfield Courier, October 23, 1879.

When Judge Gans arrived at the residence of Mr. Parker, east of Arkansas City, an unusual number of people had collected together. The judge supposed the crowd had congregated for political purposes, as a meeting had been announced at the Parker schoolhouse. His mistake was soon pointed out by Jerry Tucker, who, as spokesman for the meeting, proceeded to explain the cause of the gathering. The neighbors had made up a purse, a lot of household valuables, a good amount of the “staff of life,” in all about forty dollars, and then and there turned over the same to the astonished judge. For the first time in his life, Hirm was unable to argue the case, and quietly submitted to this knock-down argument.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 29, 1879.

The Literary will meet at the schoolhouse on Friday night, November 7th. Turn out and help the good cause along.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 29, 1879.

We notice from our exchanges that the courts are overthrow­ing the titles to the school sections on the Osage Indian lands. The treaty with the Osages made no provision for any of these lands to be appropriated for a school fund, but are in trust for the exclusive benefit of that tribe of Indians.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 29, 1879.

Miss Mattie Mitchell is teaching in Bolton Township. Miss Mattie is one of our accomplished young ladies who has been raised from childhood and educated in our city to do honor to any position she may be called to fill.

Winfield Courier, October 30, 1879.

All teachers who want monthly report cards should at once notify the County Superintendent, as he is at work getting up a form for use in the county. The cost will be about fifty cents a hundred.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 30, 1879 - Front Page.

The Pleasant Hill schoolhouse will be removed twenty feet on to a lot which Mr. Nickel deeds to the district.

The work on the new schoolhouse is to be completed this week. Mr. F. Beck does the plastering.

[G. S. STORY.]

Winfield Courier, October 30, 1879.

Don’t vote for G. S. Story for clerk under the impression that he is the county superintendent of schools. That Story is “R. C.,” and a very different person in many respects.

Cowley County Teacher, November, 1879.

No. of districts having nine months’ school: 5

No. of districts having six months’ school: 42

No. of districts having four months’ school: 33

No. of districts having three months’ school: 28

Cowley County Teacher, November, 1879.

For the purpose of holding teachers’ associations in the different parts of the county, the following division of town­ships has been made.

District No. 1. Ninnescah, Maple, and western portion of Rock.

District No. 2. Eastern portion of Rock, Richland, and Omnia.

District No. 3. Harvey, Windsor, Silver Creek.

District No. 4. Walnut, Vernon, Beaver, Pleasant Valley, Tisdale, Liberty, and city of Winfield.

District No. 5. Creswell, Bolton, Silverdale.

District No. 6. Spring Creek, Cedar.

District No. 7. Dexter, Liberty, Otter.

Cowley County Teacher, November, 1879.

                                              THE LATE EXAMINATIONS.

The examinations held in September and October disclosed two serious defects in the education of a majority of our teachers. The lack of accurate knowledge of general literature and of general information is indeed lamentable. What shall be said of applicants who class Shakespeare, Tennyson, Cowper, Dryden, Byron, Milton, among American poets?  Of what use has the study of history been to those who locate Bunker Hill, Lexington, and Yorktown in New Jersey, and who make Franklin and Hamilton generals in the Black Hawk war?  What does that teacher know of current events who says that the Isthmus of Darien is the “body of water” that connects the Red Sea and the Mediterranean?  Why should so many applicants say that John Brown’s raid was one of the most important events in Kansas history?

One other serious defect in the education of our teachers is shown in the bad spelling, bad composition, and erroneous use of capitals and punctuation marks. Many papers were given in which contained not a single mark of punctuation. Others were found in which capitals seemed to have been scattered broad-cast, in the old manner of sowing wheat.

Such ignorance and such errors must be eradicated. It will take time, labor, and perseverance, but it must be done. Appli­cants for certificates must show an ability to use correct English. They must know something of the present generation and of the current events of national importance.

To secure these two ends follow this course:  Take Swinton’s or Pinneo’s Composition, and study it, making it a basis for much original work in writing. Read a selection, or memorize one--then write it out on paper, and compare this work with the original in regard to capitals, punctuation, spelling, and language. Subscribe for some leading paper of national reputa­tion, and read and study its contents, using atlas, dictionary, and note-book constantly.

To those whose standing has been running low, let a word of warning be given. Make such use of the fall and winter months as will find you next spring able to pass a thorough examination in every subject in which your standing is low. A hint to the wise is sufficient.

Cowley County Teacher, November, 1879.

                            Educational Summary of Cowley County for the Year

                                                      Ending July 31, 1879.

No. of districts organized:  122

No. of districts reported:   122

Total school population:  6,779

No. of pupils enrolled in school:  4,485

Average daily attendance:  2,580

Percentage enrolled:  .66

Percentage in daily attendance:  .38

Percentage not in daily attendance:  .62

No. of persons between 8 and 14  not attending school 3 months:  192

No. of teachers required:  117

Grade “A”:  10

Grade “B”:  76

Grade “C”:  58

Total No. of different teachers employed: 137

Average salary—males:      $30.34

Average salary—females:    $22.10

Average No. of weeks of school session: 21.3

No. of rooms used for schools: 116

No. of private schools: 9

Teachers in private schools: 9

Pupils in private schools: 176

Average weeks of private schools: 10

Reported No. of persons over 16  who cannot read or write: 60

Estimated value of buildings and grounds: $52,251

Estimated value of furniture: $6,966

Estimated value of apparatus: $1,208

Amount of bonds issued this year: $2,590

Present bonded indebtedness: $36,738

Assessed valuation of personal property: $370,043

Assessed valuation of real property: $1,443,942

No. of districts furnished with record books: 89

No. of districts furnished with unabridged dictionaries: 16

No. of districts that have uniform text-books: 89

No. of persons examined: 177

Average age of applicants: 23

No. of applications rejected: 36

No. of certificates granted: 141

No. of districts visited by county superintendent: 64

No. of visits made by Co. Supt.: 134

No. of new districts organized: 6

No. of districts having 3 months school: 108

Cowley County Teacher, November, 1879.

                                                     FINANCIAL EXHIBIT.

Balance in hands of district treasurers July 31, 1878: $3,328.82

Amount received for teachers’ wages: $15,144.42

Amount received from State Fund: $5,420.95

Amount received site & building fund: $1,844.41

Amount received library fund: $121.80

Amount received sale of bonds: $2,360.00

Amount received all other sources: $1,753.27

Amount received from all sources: $29,973.41

Amount paid for teachers’ wages: $17,420.89

Amount paid for rents, fuel, etc.: $4,285.36

Amount paid for text books: $440.92

Amount paid for books for library: $51.50

Amount paid for maps and apparatus: $289.33

Amount paid for sites, buildings: $3,126.47

Total amount paid out: $35,614.47

Amount in hands of district treasurers Aug. 1, 1879: $4,359.10

                                         TEXT-BOOKS USED IN DISTRICTS.

Reading and Orthography.

McGuffey: 17

Harvey: 19

Monroe: 14

Edward: 16

Independent: 43


Ray: 36

Felter: 7

Hagar: 10

Peck: 17

White: 39


Spencerian: 53

Eclectic: 40

Feltor’s Book-Keeping: 5

Swinton’s Language Series: 15


Mitchell: 2

Warren: 9

Eclectic: 26

Monteith: 33

Harper: 29


Harvey: 46

Greene: 14

Swinton: 6

Clark: 27


Barnes: 45

Ridpath: 3

Goodrich: 6

Anderson: 8

Venable: 5

Beard: 5

Swinton: 10

Unabridged Dictionaries: 16

Cowley County Teacher, November, 1879.

Five teachers sent in reports for September, districts 29, 42, 48, 77, and 99.

The Winfield teachers are over-worked, and two of them think of going out of the service.

Miss Fannie McKinley is seriously ill. Hopes of her recov­ery have been given up by her friends.

Sixty-seven teachers have reported contracts made for teaching school, while only 39 have sent in reports for work done in October.

A supply of the new edition of the School law has been received, and district clerks can get copies by calling at the Superintendent’s office.

Six hundred copies of the first and seven hundred copies of this number of the TEACHER have been sent out. This paper goes into the hands of every teacher and school official in the county.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 5, 1879.

For the benefit of the school library, at the School House Friday evening, November 7th, 1879, a play will be given.

Participants: C. H. Sylvester, C. M. Swarts, F. B. Hutchison, S. B. Reed, J. Leonard, Miss Annie Norton, Miss Linnie Peed, Miss Laura Gregg.

Admission 25 cents. Reserved seats 35 cents. Tickets for sale at Eddy’s Drug Store.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, November 6, 1879 - Front Page.

                      AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, MANHATTAN, Oct. 26, 1879.

ED. COURIER: I again seize the opportunity of writing you a few items from this point. Perhaps it would be expedient to speak about the college first.

At present there are two hundred and sixteen students enrolled, all of whom seem to be striving for that kind of an education which will be of the greatest benefit to them hereaf­ter. Being a student of this “practical school,” probably I am one-sided; but there are instances in this vicinity where very fine professional men are thrown out of employment, while all skilled mechanics are constantly engaged. Viewing from this standpoint, I am naturally inclined to believe that this is the place for the masses.

Rhetoricals is a feature which has not been very prominent in the college heretofore, but they will receive due attention this year; and you may hear, originating from this college, the voices of men equal to those of Clay and Webster reverberating from hill-top to hill-top, proclaiming justice, freedom, and “practical education.”

Our new president, Prof. George T. Fairchild, will be among us about the 25th of November. We are all eagerly waiting for him, as he comes to us with the highest recommendation from the oldest agricultural college in existence, viz., the Michigan Agricultural College.

The college does not teach the classes, but Prof. Walters has organized a class in German, which he hears recite on Satur­day of each week.

A college orchestra has also been organized by Prof. Hofer, and several of the students have joined and are improving rapidly.

Mr. C. M. Aley, the gentlemen who has written so many interesting letters from Utah and other western places to your newspaper, has been stopping over at this place for a few days on his way to his old home in Cowley County. At the request of the Webster Society, Mr. Aley delivered a short lecture on phrenology before its members. He is a fine speaker, and advanced some very able remarks on the science of phrenology. It was truly a sententious lecture, and we all wondered how “one small head could hold so much.” He will probably take the train for Cowley County tomorrow.


Winfield Courier, November 6, 1879.

The total amount of taxes due the State from Cowley County for the year 1879 is $14,034.45, Of this sum $9,716.19 will be applied to the general revenue fund, $1,079.55 the Capitol extension, $215.91 to the sinking, $863.65 to the interest, and $2,159.15 to the school fund.



Winfield Courier, November 6, 1879.

School commences Monday, Nov. 3rd.

Mr. Floyd, of Winfield, is teacher of the higher department of our school and Miss McKinley of the primary.

Winfield Courier, November 13, 1879.

At the meeting of the Board of Education Monday evening, it was decided to admit no pupils residing outside of the city to the public schools, and also to expel those admitted before. This measure was needed because of the crowded condition of our schools.

Winfield Courier, November 13, 1879.

Two of the most efficient of the Winfield teachers, Miss Johnson and Miss Meech, have tendered their resignations, to take place at the close of the present term. The crowded condition of our schools makes it almost impossible for a teacher to keep up with the work. The grammar department, over which Miss Meech presides, had an average attendance for the month of October of 52, when 40 is as many as one person can possibly teach and do justice to the pupils. Some step should be taken in this matter.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 19, 1879.

The following is the standing of the pupils of District 96 at the examination for the month ending Nov. 14, 1879.

                                    AM LISTING NAMES OF PUPILS ONLY.

                                                                A CLASS.

Malinda Conaway, Lizzie Watts, Maria Marshall, Finley Marshall, Frank Donnelly, Willie Woolsey.

                                                                B CLASS.

Maggie Grown, Theodore Matthews, Henry Donnelly, Sterling Marshall.

                                                                C CLASS.

Mable Brown, Ollie Colwell, Gertie Colwell, Etta Colwell, Dora Andrews, Lora Guthrie, Charlie Geis, Willie Geis, Mary Bass, Adaline Bass.

                                               MATTIE MITCHELL, Teacher.

Winfield Courier, November 20, 1879.

We were shown Monday an abstract upon which one of the fraudulent land sales that have been going on in Indiana for some time past was based. It purports to be an abstract of a piece of land near Tisdale. The first transfer is “State of Kansas to Wm. B. Brown, patent,” bears date of June 10th, 1859, and claims to be recorded in book 31. The abstract is a fraud on its face as any person knows that the state of Kansas has nothing to do with granting patents, except on school land, and that in 1859 this county was a howling wilderness inhabited only by buffalo and Indians; besides, there is no such book as “31” in the recorder’s office. The abstract is neatly written, and certified to by a notary public. An attorney of this place, together with lawyers of Indiana, have been engaged to look up the matter; and if possible, bring the criminals to justice.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 26, 1879.

Prof. May and Mr. Wilkinson desire to express their thanks to the city authorities, Prof. Sylvester, and the School District Board for their gentlemanly courtesy and assistance in connection with their recent presentation of Pinafore.



Winfield Courier, November 20, 1879.

Rev. S. B. Lee, graduate of Otterheim University, Ohio, is teaching school at Vernon Center. He is an excellent man as well as teacher, and would make us a respectable county


A Literary Society was organized last week at the Randall schoolhouse.


Winfield Courier, November 27, 1879.

The annual report of the schools of Cowley County has reached the State Department. County Superintendent Story exhibits much care in the compilation of his reports and they are always very accurate as to facts, and neat in workmanship.

This report announces the school population of Cowley County at the close of the year ending July 31st, to be 6,779, being an increase over the figures given last year of 1,098. Cowley County ranks number six in point of population in the State, having passed all competitors except Leavenworth, Shawnee, Atchison, Douglas, and Labette. Her schools are in a flourishing condition, having maintained over one hundred schools during the year at a cost of $25,614. Township Com.



Winfield Courier, November 27, 1879.

Miss Lizzie Conrod, of Salt City, is teaching our school in district 61, and is giving good satisfaction. District 61 has been organized 7 years and has never been visited by the county




Winfield Courier, November 27, 1879.

The Old Christian Church, sometimes called “New-Lights,” (not Campbellite), hold services at Omnia schoolhouse on the 2nd and 4th Sabbaths in each month, conducted by Elders A. Henthorn and F. E. Williamson.

Cowley County Teacher, December, 1879.

Miss Fanny McKinley has recovered from her late serious illness.

The problem given in the November TEACHER was solved by Miss Fannie Skinner, Miss Henrietta King, Jerry Adams, and Harry C. Shaw, the last named being a pupil of Miss Lizzie Landis and aged thirteen years.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 3, 1879.

ATTENTION VOTERS. There will be a meeting at the Bland schoolhouse on Thursday evening at 6 o’clock p.m., for the purpose of considering the interest of Bolton in regard to bridge and other matters. Turn out. A CITIZEN.



Winfield Courier, December 4, 1879.

Our city was visited on Wednesday by a trio of very nice-looking young ladies who had apparently just escaped from some village “sem.” or district school, and were determined to enjoy their brief vacation to the utmost. In the evening they  serenaded some of their friends with fragments of old college airs, which “awakened fond remissness of the ancient memories of bye-gone days” in the breasts of the passersby.

Such classic songs as “If I had a Peanut I’d give you the Shuck,” “Gathering up the Smells from the Shore,” etc., were gaily caroled forth, but when their sweet voices again united in that grand and solemn refrain, “Saw my Leg off, Short,” it was too much, and I sat down on the cold stone pavement, oh, so cold - and- and - wept!

Winfield Courier, December 4, 1879.

Miss Mamie Rankin, after spending Thanksgiving week with her parents and friends in Winfield, returned to her school in the Henthorn district, last Sunday. Miss Rankin has a pleasant school and a home-like boarding place with the family of Mr. Jesse Leonard, near Polo.

Winfield Courier, December 4, 1879.

The school examinations for the present term will occur in the High school on Wednesday and Thursday and in the other rooms on Thursday and Friday. The examinations will be both oral and written, and by attending parents can judge of the advancement of their children. The teachers will be pleased to have parents and friends of the schools present at the examinations.

Winfield Courier, December 4, 1879.

A festival was held in school district 90, Prairie Center Schoolhouse, in Sheridan township, on 26th ult., to raise money to seat the schoolhouse. The proceeds were $167.45. One premium cake sold for $96.20, being on a strife vote to the fairest lady. Grouse presented Miss Laura Elliott as a candidate, and Sheridan presented Miss Emma Bailey, who won the cake. The treasurer, Mr. Treadway, received the cash and has deposited it to the credit of the district. Good for No. 90.


Winfield Courier, December 4, 1879.

ED. COURIER: Is Winfield a first class city? And does it propose to keep that rank among the cities of Kansas? If such are its pretensions and aspirations, would it not be well to stir up the school board to a proper realization of the educational demands from towns that plume themselves on being first class?

If the glory of our county lies in its system of free schools, does not our share of that glory grow beautifully less when our schools are run on a basis that was demanded for them when the city was half its present size? When there were less than four hundred children in the district, six rooms and six teachers were considered necessary. Now, when there are nearly eight hundred children, six teachers and six rooms are still deemed suffi­cient! Granting that only half the children of school age attend regu­larly, that would give more than sixty pupils to a room. And what are the facts? In the COURIER of a few weeks ago a statement of the enrollment was given by rooms or departments, and it is seen that the total enrollment was 378 and the average atten­dance 329, thus giving an average of over fifty to each teacher. But the case is still worse if we look at the schools separately. The primary schools had an average attendance during October of 69 and 63; the intermediate, 54 and 60; the grammar, 52; and the high school, 31. Here we find our rooms overcrowded, three in a seat, and many of them scattered promiscuously around the ros­trums, or hanging on the corners of teachers’ desks. But to cap the climax, our children below seven are forced out of school because there is not room for them! Then to make matters even worse, those who do go to the primary school can drink at the fountain of learning only half a day at a time. Truly somebody needs punching up, and if it isn’t the board, who in the world is it? Why don’t they rent rooms, and employ three or four more teachers? A couple of temporary frame buildings could be erected at an expense of two or three thousand dollars, and our children could then be allowed to go to school. I for one don’t like the way things run in the school line. A FATHER.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 10, 1879.

At a bridge meeting held at Spring Side schoolhouse, it was resolved that our trustee be requested not to expend any more money on the old part of the bridge, as said bridge is regarded as unsafe and in an unsound condition.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 10, 1879.

One of the great needs of this city is a public hall. Every week demands are made for a public hall and resort is finally made to the school room. A public hall would be a paying


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 10, 1879.

There will be a meeting of the Bolton militia company at Bland’s schoolhouse on Friday evening for the purpose of elect­ing officers and completing the muster roll which must be done before arms can be drawn. R. HOFFMASTER, Lieutenant Commanding.

Winfield Courier, December 11, 1879.

In another column will be found a term report on the state of the schools by Prof. Trimble. The professor appends to his report some very timely remarks on the crowded condition of the schools and the consequent inefficiency of the work. Parents should read this report; and if possible, devise some means of remedying the evil.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1879.


In presenting to the School Board and citizens the above report, I wish to call attention to a few facts regarding the term’s work in the different departments of the public schools.

According to the school census taken last fall, there were in the school district 132 persons of school age. Since that time some territory has been admitted into the school district, and the number has been still further increased by families moving into the city. Owing to the fact that we have but six rooms, it was necessary to keep all under seven years of age out of the schools.

During the present term there has been enrolled in all the departments 550 pupils; 113 of these have for various reasons withdrawn, leaving an actual attendance of 437. Could this number be equally divided, it would give 73 pupils to each room. But this cannot be done, as the greater number are in the Primary and Intermediate departments. In the First Primary there is at present an attendance of 107, with a daily average of 70 for the term. The last week of the present term the daily average was 86. In the Second Primary there are 86 pupils in attendance, with an average of the last week of the term of 74.

In the First Primary it became necessary to divide the school into two divisions, and have one division attend in the forenoon and the other in the afternoon, as there are not seats to accommodate over one half the pupils.

In some of the other rooms, pupils are compelled to sit three in a seat, and should there be an increase in attendance during the coming term, there will be no alternative but to divide the other departments as has already been done in the First Primary.

The work of the term, while as good as could be expected under the circumstances, cannot but be unsatisfactory to both parents and teachers, for no teacher can do thorough work under such unfavorable circumstances.

By an examination of the above report, it will be seen that the average attendance is not so large as it should be, and yet it is really larger than could be expected, as it is not surprising that children should prefer to remain away from school when they are obliged to sit on the rostrum while there.

If we are to have prosperous and pleasant schools, some steps should immediately be taken to provide better facilities. With the present enrollment we should have at least two more teachers, and were we to admit children between 5 and 7 years, we would need at least four more teachers.

It certainly is a wise policy for any community to furnish the best of facilities in the way of public schools, as no other ever does so much toward raising a people to that plain of knowledge and enlightenment upon which every American citizen should stand.

In a state having a compulsory school law, every community should have the power to provide schools for all its children, and it is unjust that people should be compelled to pay school tax and yet be obliged to send their children to private schools.

                                             Yours respectfully, E. T. TRIMBLE.

Winfield Courier, December 11, 1879.

We would call the special attention of the people of this district to the report of Prof. Trimble on the condition of our schools. It is a shame to the people of Winfield that they neglect to furnish sufficient school room. It is a waste of the school-funds to expend them under such disadvantages. Six or seven thousand dollars expended at once in completing the present school structure giving four more rooms, and a similar amount soon thereafter to build another schoolhouse in the southwest part of town, would be real economy.

Winfield Courier, December 11, 1879.

Owing to the resignation of Misses Johnson and Meech, the following changes have been made in the public schools. Miss Alice Aldrich succeeds Miss Johnson in the First Intermediate department. Mrs. Trimble takes the place of Miss Meech in the Grammar department, and Miss E. S. Cook succeeds Mrs. Trimble in the First Primary.



Winfield Courier, December 11, 1879.

The Olive Branch school district is being taught this season by a lady.


Winfield Courier, December 11, 1879.

The following is a report of the Floral schools for the month ending Nov. 28, 1879.

                                                      ADVANCED GRADE.

Number enrolled, 36, total number of days of attendance, 645; average daily attendance, 28.77; number neither absent nor tardy, 18. The following are the names, with their grades, of those who have an average standing of 90 percent and upwards, in scholarship, deportment, and attendance: E. E. Rogers, 94; Brilla Reed, 90; Curtis Wright, 91; Maggie Wright, 93; Helen Wright, 93; Jasper Files, 91; Michael Maher, 97; Etna Dahlgran, 90; Jam Cottingham, 93; Wm. Hart, 91; Mary Dahlgran, 92; Wm. Files. [THEY SKIPPED PERCENTAGE FOR HIM.] T. JAY FLOYD, Teacher.

                                                        PRIMARY GRADE.

Number enrolled, 37; total days of attendance, 618; average daily attendance, 32.8; number neither absent nor tardy, 32. The following are the names of those who averaged 90 percent, in scholarship, attendance, and deportment: Lurena Hart, Ida Hedrick, Anna Jarvis, Willie Holloway, Edie Stone, Willie Dahlgran, Effie Jarvis. HATTIE McKINLEY, Teacher.



Winfield Courier, December 11, 1879.

Miss Tucker is teaching our school this winter, and is giving satisfaction.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 17, 1879.


PROGRAMME. Singing followed by prayer. Opening remarks by U. Spray.

COMMITTEE ON MUSIC: Mrs. Murphy, Mrs. J. N. Huston, Miss Zadie Parker, Mr. J. B. Tucker.

PROCURING TREE: Mr. J. B. Tucker and Mr. J. N. Huston.

DECORATING TREE: Mr. and Mrs. Murphy, Mr. and Mrs. Coryell, Mr. and Mrs. Hollister, Mr. and Mrs. Shearer.

RECEIVING PRESENTS: Miss Effie Kimmel, Miss Mary Parker, Miss Ruth Purdy, Mr. T. B. Hall, Mr. and Mrs. A. Spray.

ARRANGE PRESENTS ON TREE: Mr. and Mrs. Perry, Miss Zadie Parker, Mr. J. B. Tucker, Miss Kate Purdy, Mrs. Lizzie Monroe, Mr. J. N. Huston.

TAKE PRESENTS FROM TREE: Mr. S. C. Murphy, Mr. J. B. Tucker, Mr. T. B. Hall.

MARSHALS: Mr. F. M. Vaughn, Mr. John Purdy, Mr. G. H. Shearer.

Presents received from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Doors open at 6:30 p.m. Exercises to commence at 7 p.m. By Order of Committee.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 17, 1879.

The ladies are making an effort to secure a building on Summit street for their festival. If they fail to secure one, it will be held at the schoolhouse.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 18, 1879. Front Page.

The foundation of the new church is laid, and the greater part of the material for the edifice is on the ground. We hope the building may be finished ere many months as the schoolhouse is very inconvenient in size and congregations remaining outdoors receive little good preaching.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 24, 1879.

There will be a meeting at the Bland schoolhouse on Friday night, December 26th, 1879, for the purpose of discussing the questions of the bridge and cattle drive. All are expected to be present. J. M. SAMPLE, Trustee.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, December 24, 1879.

Our public school closed on Friday for a vacation of two weeks. This will give the little ones a chance to hunt Santa Claus while the big brother can enjoy a few hours with his girl and return to school in apple pie order.



Cowley County Teacher, January, 1880.

T. J. Floyd has gotten married, and of course will make no school reports during the next few months.

Foster Tucker came home from the State University to spend the holidays. He likes his school well, and reports all inter­ests flourishing.

George Thompson, of Baltimore, now a student in the Agricul­tural College, Manhattan, writes us a pleasant letter about that institution. He seems well pleased with the school, and is making good progress.

Cowley County Teacher, January, 1880.


Miss Nina C. Johnson, one of our county’s leading teachers, was compelled to quit teaching because of heart dis­ease. We are glad to say that she has found a complete cure. Her name now is Mrs. Ira McCommon.


Winfield Courier, January 1, 1880.

ED. COURIER: Seeing in your paper reports from several of the districts in the country, I concluded to send  you the report of district No. 81 for the month ending Dec. 23d. No. of days school was in session, 17; No. of pupils enrolled, 32; average daily attendance, 23. The following are the names of those whose average standing at our last examination was 90 and upward.

Kate Martin: 95

Maggie Martin: 93

Ed. Kinnaman: 90

Belle Martin: 92

John Olmstead: 92

George Hopkins: 90

                                                      P. W. SMITH, Teacher.

Winfield Courier, January 1, 1880.

The following are the names of scholars in district 48, who have an average standing of 90 percent, and upwards, in scholar­ship, deportment, and attendance, for the month ending Dec. 19th, 1879.

Anna McClung: 98

Virgil Taylor: 96

John Hess: 94

Charley McClung: 93

Godfrey Ward: 91

Rush McClung: 90

Mollie Taylor: 90

Arcadia Taylor: 90

                                                    JOHN BOWER, Teacher.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 7, 1880.

Notice is hereby given that I will settle with and audit the accounts of the Township Treasurer, and all the supervisors in this Township at Theaker School House, District No. 36, on Thursday, the 8th day of January, 1880, a.m.

                                      J. M. SAMPLE, Trustee of Bolton Township.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 7, 1880.

There were 150 scholars present at school Monday. The rooms can at present seat comfortably only 135.

Winfield Courier, January 8, 1880.

The schoolhouse in district 53, Bolton township, was struck by lightning not long since, and the school stopped one week for repairs.



Winfield Courier, January 15, 1880.

District 79 has built a schoolhouse and have a full, interesting school now in operation, under the management of Mr. Sam. Gilbert.

Winfield Courier, January 15, 1880.

The people of Little Dutch are making an effort to have their school graded, and Prof. Story was up last week looking after the matter. The district contains 76 scholars, and the present room is insufficient to accommodate them.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 21, 1880.

The school room for the infant classes will be opened on Monday next. We would suggest to the teacher of this department to look well to the ventilation of the room. Frail constitutions and the germs of disease that follow the victim through life often have their origin in the school room.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 21, 1880.

Notice is hereby given to the citizens of Bolton Township that there will be a meeting held at the Bland schoolhouse on Saturday, January 31st, at 2 o’clock p.m., for the purpose of nominating township officers for the ensuing year.

                                 JAMES M. SAMPLE, Trustee of Bolton Township.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 21, 1880.

Mr. Smith, who resides in the Centennial school district, reports that quite an excitement exists in that neighborhood, arising from Mr. James Mann being bitten by a rabid dog on Saturday last. Several head of stock were also bitten by the same dog. Mr. Mann is now en route to Paola in quest of that notorious mad stone, and God knows we hope his faith will make him whole.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 21, 1880.

                                                        The School Library.

The following is a list of the books at present in the High School Library.



History of Greece, Smith, No. 9.

History of Rome, Smith, No. 25.

Fifteen Decisive Battles, Creasy, No. 10.

Knickerbocker New York, Irving, No. 1

Child’s England, Dickens, No. 11.

History of Chivalry, James, No. 14.

Conquest of Granada, Irving, No. 56.



Wm. the Conqueror, Abbott, No. 3.

Madame Roland, Abbott, No. 4.

Julius Caesar, Abbott, No. 5.

Hernando Cortez, Abbott, No. 6.

Emperor Nero, Abbott, No. 45.

Mary Queen of Scots, Abbott, No. 46.

Alexander the Great, Abbott, No. 47.

Queen Hortense, Abbott, No. 48.

Romulus, Abbott, No. 49.

Richard III, Abbott, No. 50.

Walter Scott, Hutton, No. 13.

Life of Washington, Bancroft, No. 15.

                                             TRAVEL AND EXPLORATION.


Alhambra, Irving, No. 5.

Siam, Bacon, No. 38.

Central Asia, Taylor, No. 39.

Arabia, Taylor, No. 40.

Japan, Taylor, No. 42.

Wild Men & Wild Beasts, Cuming, No. 41.

Yellowstone Park, Richardson, No. 43.

A Kansas Abroad, Prentis, No. 27.



Complete Works of Tennyson, No. 18.

Compete Works of Longfellow, No. 55.

Complete Works of Scott, No. 52.

Complete Works of Burns, No. 51.

Lucile, Owen Meredith, No. 22.

Kathrina, Holland, No. 44.



Northern Lands, Optic, No. 32.

John Halifax, Muloch, No. 16.

Victor of Wakefield, Goldsmith, No. 17.

Dombey & Son, Dickens, No. 21.

Nicholas Nickleby, Dickens, No. 23.

David Copperfield, Dickens, No. 58.

Undine, etc., Fouque, No. 24.

Twice Told Takes, I, II, Hawthorne, Nos. 53 and 54.

Jane Eyre, Bronte, No. 57.

Romola, Eliot, No. 59.

Swiss Family Robinson, No. 60.

Ivanhoe, Scott, No. 61.

Robinson Crusoe, Defoe, No. 62.

                                           ESSAYS AND MISCELLANEOUS.


Politics for Young Americans, Nordhoff, No. 7.

Natural History, Wood, No. 8.

Juvenile Speaker, Russell, No. 12.

Recollections of a Literary Life, Mitford, No. 19.

Four Georges, Thackeray, No. 20.

Good Morals & Manners, Gow, No. 26.

Earth and Man, Guyot, No. 28.

Rhetoric, Hill, No. 29.

Sketches of Creation, Winchell, No. 30.

Story on the Constitution, No. 31.

Ag. Rep. Kan., 1877-1878, No. 33.

Cyclopedia Com. Things, Champlin, No. 34.

Words, Use and Abuse, Mathews, No. 35.

Hours with Men & Books, Mathews, No. 36.

The Great Conversers, Mathews, No. 37.

The Library is open from four till five p.m. of every Friday.

Books are loaned at the rate of ten cents per volume. This entitles the person paying to keep the book two weeks. Fines are assessed according to Rules, which will be found in each volume.

It is hoped that the town’s people will take an interest in this. Donations of money, or books of standard value, can be handed to Librarian or any of the Teachers. Make this a success. Give the aid of your purse liberally. It will advance the interests of education and progress materially. C. H. SYLVESTER, Librarian.

Winfield Courier, January 22, 1880.

The funds accruing from the sale of school lands in this county are getting to be no small matter. Last Friday Treasurer Bryan settled with the State Treasurer and paid over the sum of $8,000, accruing from sale of, and interest on, school lands. When it is remembered that the Treasurer settles with the State every four months, it will be seen that Cowley pays no small revenue into the State School Fund.



Winfield Courier, January 22, 1880.

                                              QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.

                                               Any schools? Six large rooms full.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 28, 1880.

Charles Hutchins is teaching the school in Stony Point District, and giving good satisfaction.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 28, 1880.

The Berry Bros., accompanied by Miss Susie Berry, came up from Pawnee Agency last Monday en route for Lawrence, where George, Robert, and Miss Susie will attend school the coming year.



Winfield Courier, January 29, 1880.

A neat, new stone residence has been erected on the school land in section 36.

Winfield Courier, January 29, 1880.

District No. 58 has voted bonds for a schoolhouse, and hopes soon to have school running under the direction of ’Squire W. E. Ketcham, whose school at Maple City closes this week.

Winfield Courier, January 29, 1880.

Died. Mrs. Sarah E. Sitton, formerly a teacher in the western part of the county, died recently near Maple City.

Winfield Courier, January 29, 1880.

The school board has decided to submit a proposition to vote $12,000 bonds for the purpose of building a schoolhouse, in the second ward, and an addition to the one in the first ward.

Winfield Courier, January 29, 1880.

Several of our citizens are talking of sending their chil­dren away to school because of the insufficient accommodations afforded at home. Our school rooms are a blot on the fair fame of our city.


Winfield Courier, January 29, 1880.

The Republicans of Walnut township will meet in convention on Saturday, the 31st of January, 1880, at 2 o’clock p.m., at the schoolhouse near Mr. Hoenscheidt’s residence, to nominate the following officers: One township trustee, clerk, treasurer, two justices of the peace, and two constables. All voters of the township are earnestly requested to attend. By order of the committee. S. BURGER, Chairman. J. HOENSCHEIDT, Sec’y.


Winfield Courier, January 29, 1880.

The Republicans of Dexter township will meet in convention, on Saturday, Jan. 31, 1880, at 2 o’clock p.m., at the schoolhouse at Dexter, to nominate the following officers: One Township Trustee, one Clerk, one Treasurer, Justice of the Peace, and the rest of the township ticket. H. C. McDORMAN, Ch’m. J. A. BRYAN, Sec’y.

Cowley County Teacher, February, 1880.

Out of one hundred and twenty teachers in the county, about thirty-five have put their names on our subscription list. A few district officers have also shown their good intentions and wishes in a substantial manner.

Cowley County Teacher, February, 1880.

An examination of applicants for teachers’ certificates will be held March 19 at Winfield. The work will begin at 9 a.m. precisely.

Certificates will be issued as follows: Grade B to every applicant whose average standing is 90, and who falls below 80 in no one subject. Grade C to every applicant whose average stand­ing is 80, and who falls below 70 in no one branch. Answers to questions will be carefully examined and rigidly graded. Candi­dates must show good scholarship in the papers submitted to entitle them to certificates. The standard herein mentioned will be insisted upon invariably.

The subjects on which examinations will be made are Orthog­raphy, Orthoepy, Reading, Penmanship, Geography, Arithmetic, Grammar, U. S. History, U. S. Constitution, and Theory and Practice. R. C. STORY, County Superintendent.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 4, 1880.

There was a lyceum at the Guthrie schoolhouse last Tuesday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 4, 1880.

Miss Mattie Mitchell has given up her school at the Guthrie schoolhouse in West Bolton on account of the measles.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 4, 1880.

The Stock Protective Union of Bolton Township will meet at the Bland schoolhouse on Wednesday night, February 4th, at early candle light. By order of R. HOFFMASTER.


Winfield Courier, February 5, 1880.

It seems that our county commissioners last fall forgot to make a tax levy on certain school districts to pay maturing schoolhouse bonds. District No. 90 is said to be one of them. It has a $100 bond maturing in June, and no money to pay it with. Perhaps the omission was another case of “want of authority.”


Winfield Courier, February 5, 1880.

The call for a schoolhouse bond election by the Board of Education, is as follows.

To: J. B. Lynn, Mayor of the City of Winfield, Kansas.

SIR: You are hereby, by the Board of Education of the said city, requested, in accordance with Section 173, Chapter 92, Dassler’s Compiled Laws of Kansas, to call an election for the purpose of submitting to the qualified electors of said city, the proposition of issuing Twelve Thousand ($12,000) Dollars worth of bonds, for the character and denomination, and for the purposes hereinafter set forth, as follows.

Said bonds are to be of the denomination of Five Hundred Dollars each, and to run Twenty years at the rate of six percent, per annum; the interest payable semi-annually on the first days of January and July of each year, and the principal payable at the end of Twenty years from the date thereof. Both principal and interest payable to the Commissioners of the Permanent School Fund at the office of State Treasurer of the State of Kansas. Said bonds to be sold at not less than 100 cents on the dollar, and the proceeds thereof used by the Board of Education of said city in purchasing a suitable site, and erecting a suitable ward schoolhouse, containing four school rooms, centrally located, in the second ward of said city of Winfield; and further, in erect­ing such an addition to, and making such alterations in, the present stone school building now located in the first ward of said city of Winfield, as will make said building a convenient and suitable schoolhouse, containing six (6) school rooms for said first ward. And still further, if said proceeds be not all exhausted in the purchase of said site, and the erection of said buildings, in fencing and ornamenting the grounds of said ward school buildings.

Done by order of the Board of Education of the city of Winfield, this 19th day of January, A. D. 1880. F. S. JENNINGS, President of the Board.

Attest: FRED C. HUNT, Clerk of said Board.

Winfield Courier, February 5, 1880.

Elder Downs, of Methodist Church South, will on next Sunday, February 8th, at Bethel schoolhouse, preach the funeral sermon of Hon. T. B. Ross.



Winfield Courier, February 5, 1880.

The arm of the Baptist church at Floral, located at Richland, has moved across Dutch creek to Summit schoolhouse. It has built up and been very prosperous at Richland, and now has sufficient numbers to lop off and form a separate church, which is about to be done. May her future be as prosperous as the past has been.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 11, 1880.

We are informed that Maj. Shreeve, of Gov. St. John’s staff, has been solicited to teach the nimbletoes in this city how to dance, and we hope his services will be secured as he ranks high as a professor of the art.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 11, 1880.

                                                     From Maple Township.

Health is good; however, some few cases of scarlet fever are reported over near the Walnut river, which has somewhat retarded the attendance at the schools in the vicinity.

MAPLE. Red Bud, Feb. 8, 1880.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 11, 1880.

                                                            School Report.

The following Report of the Public Schools of the city for the school month ending February 6th.

                                                       ROLL OF HONOR.

The best scholar of each grade is determined by examination and recitations.

                                                          HIGH SCHOOL.

A. Class: Jerry Adams (one examination) 100.

B. Class: Charlie Chapel 97.

C. Class: Sam Swarts 93; nearly equaled by Mary McClung and Ella Bowers.


A. Class: Frank Theaker 90.

B. Class: Iddie Shields 88; nearly equaled by Maggie Ford and Hattie Hand.

C. Class: Wyatt Hutchison 80.

                                                      SECOND PRIMARY.

A. Class: Frank Peek.

B. Class: Grace Houghton.

C. Class: Newton Lancaster.

                                                         FIRST PRIMARY.

A. Class: Alvan Ray.

B. Class: Willie Kellogg.

C. Class: Marion Gilbert.

D. Class: Hattie Sipes.

Perfect attendance and punctuality.

                                                          HIGH SCHOOL.

Jerry Adams, S. B. Reed, Henry Smith, Sadie Pickering, Fred McLaughlin, Charlie Randall, Mollie Christian, Alice Knight, Alice Warren, Robert Hutchison, George Endicott, Jacob Endicott, Martin Warren, Frank Randall, May Hughes, Jessey Finley, Ella Bowers, Mary McClung.


Frank Shearer, Jay Fairclo, Maggie Ford, Hattie Hand, Perley McCutere, Wyatt Hutchison, Perry Fullerlove, Schuyler Hand.

                                                      SECOND PRIMARY.

Grace McClung, Nina Pickering, Charlie Rarick, Walter Wintin, Phillip Huff, Frank Peek, Otis Endicott, Clara Ford, Lizzie Garris, Susie Fullerlove, Frank Leonard, Willie Peek, Newton Lancaster, Howard Warren, Etta McMahon, Frank Noe.

                                                         FIRST PRIMARY.

Ida Wagstaff, Lillie Rarick, Ross Garris, Charlie Peek, Frank Parsons, Willie Fullerlove, Clifford Rife, Howard McIntire.

The number of pupils enrolled in each department is as follows:

High School, 49.

Intermediate, 42.

Second Primary, 43.

First Primary, 50.

Total: 184.

                                                 C. H. SYLVESTER, Principal.


Winfield Courier, February 12, 1880.

There is seemingly a very undecided feeling regarding the duty of citizens in reference to the pending election for school bonds, and we do not wish to influence the action of anyone against what he may conceive to be right in the matter.

Before the election was called a member of the school board was scarcely safe on the streets. Enraged parents, whose chil­dren were excluded from school privileges altogether, or were huddled, with a hundred others, in the cellar under the church, would attack them on every corner. There was a unanimous cry for more room. The board had no alternative but to take some steps, and so, after calmly and deliberately canvassing the subject, they decided on the present proposition, supposing that now when the need was so apparent, the opposition to a fair and reasonable proposition would be but slight.

But alas for human hopes! Although the Board had called meetings—had invited the citizens to be present and decide upon some plan, and had personally requested many to express their opinions on the matter, no one suggested anything.

But as soon as the proposition was before the people, there have been series of plans offered the Board by parties who did not know what was best before. Some even go so far as to condemn the Board for calling an election at all and deplore it as an unnec­essary expense.

Whatever may be the result of this election, it cannot be denied that the Board has made an honest endeavor to better the present condition of our schools. It is with the people now to say what shall be done. We must not expect as a city to get a proposition that will exactly suit all, and the most we can expect is something that will suit the majority.

The amount of bonds asked, we think, is reasonable, when it is considered what is to be done. The interest is certainly low at 6 percent. The bonds can be paid at any time the district may be able. The buildings will be centrally located, neat, substan­tial, and comfortable. Now, what more can we expect in any proposition?

All we hope is that it will be fairly and intelligently considered, and if it is not worthy of support, let it be voted down.

Winfield Courier, February 12, 1880.

The meeting to consider the school-bond proposition, on Tuesday evening, was well attended, and a lively discussion was maintained for some time. The general feeling of the meeting seemed to be that we must have more school room at all hazards, and that the present proposition, although not suiting many, is the best that can be done.


Winfield Courier, February 12, 1880.

School report of district No. 81 for the month ending Jan. 30, 1880.

No. days school in session: 90

No. pupils enrolled: 33

Average daily attendance: 29

The following pupils deserve mention as being neither absent nor tardy: Chas. Hill, James Wiggins, Kate Hopkins, Esther Hopkins, Myrtle Martin, Kate Martin, Maggie Martin, and Nellie Silverthorn.

The following are the names of those whose average standing at our last examination was 90 and upwards.

Maggie Martin: 93

Kate Martin: 95

Esther Hopkins: 90

Myrtle Hopkins: 92

Belle Martin: 94

Izora Wentz: 94

John Olmstead: 98

James Silverthorn: 90

May Stanley: 90

During the past month we have had several visitors but no patrons to visit us.

                                                      P. W. SMITH, Teacher.


Winfield Courier, February 12, 1880.

                                                 TISDALE, KS., Jan. 2, 1880.

ED. COURIER. The following is a report of the Tisdale school for the month ending Jan. 30.

No. pupils enrolled: 62

Average daily attendance: 54

The following named pupils have attained 100 in deportment.

GRADE A. Frank McKibben, Glen Moore, George Newton, C. P. Conrad, Nettie Handy, Lula Handy, Connie Gay, Stella Boatman, Jessie Goodrich, Ella Whistler, Effie Bartlow, Hattie Young, George Davis, Edna Davis.

GRADE B. Jay Gains, James Harris, Lula McGuire, Alice McKibben.

The pupils who have attained 90 percent and upwards in lessons and attendance.

                                                               GRADE A.

Effie Bartlow: 93

Ella Whistler: 94

Ella Bradley: 91

Jessie Goodrich: 94

Stella Boatman: 91

Connie Gay: 90

Lula Handy: 93

Frank McKibben: 93

Edward Young: 93

John Bradley: 90

Nettie Handy: 95

Hattie Young: 95

George Davis: 94

Edna Davis: 93

                                                                GRADE B

Alice McKibben: 90

Ida Whistler: 90

Ida Divelbliss: 91

Lula McGuire: 90

James Conrad: 90

                                                MRS. J. E. BROWN, Teacher.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 18, 1880.

Go to the schoolhouse and hear the Pardey troupe Thursday night, for the benefit of the library.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 18, 1880

The Literary at the Stony Point schoolhouse in Bolton Township enjoys the reputation of being the best south of the Arkansas River.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 18, 1880.

The concert for the benefit of Judge Christian, that was given through the kindness of Prof. Wilkinson and Mrs. DeGrasse, took place at the schoolhouse last Friday and Saturday evenings. A fusion was formed with a comedy troupe that arrived on Thurs­day, as it was the opinion of the committee that one house well filled would be better than to risk the chance of a slim audience at the church.


Winfield Courier, February 19, 1880.

When Mr. Millington reached Topeka last week, he consulted the State Superintendent on the question of bonds and registra­tion, and the following is the opinion of the State officers on this question.

“It is Lemmon’s opinion that there is no need of registra­tion for the school-bond election. He says that the board of commissioners for the investment of the Permanent School Fund examined the matter thoroughly and carefully in connection with the Wichita school-bonds, voted without registration, and the commissioners decided to buy the bonds, and held that they were better without than with registration. The Attorney General is a member of the board, and he held to that opinion.

“Lemmon also says that the voters in the district outside the city have a right to vote at either of the polls, and that if they were not permitted, it would invalidate the bonds, and they would be refused by the board.”

This, it seems to me, is a solution of the difficulty. Do not register at all, but permit all in the district to vote who are qualified electors. Yours, D. A. MILLINGTON.

Winfield Courier, February 19, 1880.

I. N. Lemmon’s school, district No. 108, is out.

Winfield Courier, February 19, 1880.

District 113, near Baltimore, has erected a schoolhouse and will soon have school.

Winfield Courier, February 19, 1880.

Miss Fannie Pontious has completed her first term of school in 22, Richland township.

Winfield Courier, February 19, 1880.

If the school bonds are voted, many are in favor of moving the frame building, now being used to the southeast part of the district, to accommodate the children in the Loomis and Howland addition. This would be a wise move.


Winfield Courier, February 19, 1880.

ED. COURIER: I have been asked by several parties to give a legal opinion concerning the title to the school district, in what is known as the schoolhouse block, and whether the Winfield Town Association, in which the legal title rests, could convey the fee in said block to any other party, while the school district remains in possession of it?

Without designing any ostentatious display of legal ability, I will, with your permission, make my answer public through your columns, as many others undoubtedly feel an interest in the question.

The townsite of Winfield, as is well known, was entered by the Probate Judge of the county, under, and by virtue of, an act of Congress, and by an act of the Legislature of Kansas, “for the use and benefit of the occupants thereof.” Every actual occupant of the town, owning an improvement at the time of the entry, was a tenant in common with every other such occupant, in all of the unimproved portion of the town. It is true, in this case, all such unimproved lands were conveyed by the Judge to the said Town Association, but that did not affect, really, the rights of the occupants in the same. The law would say, that the Town Associa­tion held the land as trustee, in trust for the occupants.

But, suppose the Town Association, under these circumstanc­es, had “set apart” for public use, certain squares, or blocks of ground, say for churches, schools, or public parks; or proposed to donate grounds for such purposes, and the town, or city, authorities had accepted the offer and improved the same for park purposes; or the respective churches had received the donation and erected their buildings thereon; or the school district the same; and whether the proposed gifts were by written instrument or by parol, what lawyer would say that the Town Association could afterward lay claim to such donated and occu­pied lands and convey them to other parties? Certainly none of respectable qualifications.

And I may go further and say, that if the Town Association possessed an unqualified title in fee simple to the lands, and should propose, verbally, to donate a portion of them to a school district for school purposes, and the district should accept the gift, take possession and improve the same as agreed upon, it would be impossible for the Association to convey the land in fee to any other party, even if no record existed showing the trans­ac­tion between the Association and the district. Because the actual possession of the district, with its improvements, imparts legally, as good notice to the world of its equitable title, as if such title had been conveyed by deed and duly recorded in the Register’s office of the proper county. And such is the situa­tion of our present schoolhouse site in Winfield.

But the Winfield Town Association proposes to grant such title as it possesses to the school district by deed absolute, and without any reservations; and has already placed such convey­ance, as an escrow, in responsible hands, to be delivered when the present school building shall have been completed, as origi­nally required, and agreed upon. When this is done, the school district will possess an unqualified title, both legal and equitable, and can sell and convey the same if deemed best, although it would puzzle one to invent a valid reason for ever wishing to change the public school from the present locality to another one. In my view, it is not in the nature of things, that the present school site will ever be too valuable to be used for school purposes. J. M. ALEXANDER.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 25, 1880.

Miss Mattie Mitchell will close her school in Bolton Town­ship this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 25, 1880.

The regular meeting of the S. P. U. will be held at the Bland schoolhouse in Bolton Township the first Thursday in March next, at early candle light, and every member is expected to be present. R. HOFFMASTER, Captain.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 25, 1880.

Quite a disgraceful affair occurred out east on Grouse Creek one day last week. Religious services were being held in a schoolhouse when some of the participants became involved in a quarrel, which resulted in a rough and tumble fight. The belligerents were finally ejected from the house of worship. They continued the fray outside until exhausted at which time hostilities ceased. It would be better for the good name of the township to have the parties engaged in this shameful and dis­graceful affair prosecuted to the full extent of the law.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 25, 1880.

There will be a meeting of the teachers of the Fifth Associ­ation District, at the schoolhouse, Arkansas City, March 6th, at 1 o’clock p.m. Programme as follows:


Q. C. D. and L. C. M.: Miss Wright, H. Blount, and C. H. Sylvester.

Common Fractions: Miss Norton, R. Gilstrap, and C. L. Swarts.


Principles and Infinitives: Charles Hutchins, T. B. Hall, and Mr. Marshall.

Practical Exercises: Miss Maxwell, L. E. Norton, and Mr. Perisho.

General Discussion.

A full attendance requested.

                                                      By order of Committee.



Winfield Courier, February 26, 1880.

The school in district No. 100 closes in two weeks and our teacher, Miss Mamie Rankin, will return to Winfield.


Winfield Courier, February 26, 1880.

The State fund for 1880 and 1881 will  be about one-half what it has been in years past. Instead of 70 cents per capita of school population the apportionment will be 30 or 35 cents. This will make considerable difference in the teacher’s fund in many districts. This is attributable to the wise (!) spirit of economy that the last legislature manifested. Teacher.


Winfield Courier, February 26, 1880.

The election for school bonds Tuesday passed off very quietly, and seemed to be all one sided. The majority for the bonds was 223. The vote in the first ward was for the bonds, 139; against the bonds, 15. Second ward, for the bonds, 116; against, 17. With the buildings which the proceeds of these bonds will erect, Winfield will no longer need to be ashamed of her schools.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 3, 1880.

After paying the railroad company for the excursion to Winfield, there remains in the hands of the committee a surplus of eight dollars, which was paid over to Mr. Sylvester for the benefit of the School Library.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 3, 1880.

The School Library Association acknowledges the receipt from Messrs. Bonsall and Hughes of $8, the excess of fares collected on the excursion to Winfield.

                                                        C. H. SYLVESTER.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1880.

The school board has purchased the quarter block of Henry Brown, on 10th avenue, Manning’s addition, on which to erect the second ward schoolhouse.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1880.

Messrs. Jas. McDermott and A. P. Johnson have formed a co-partnership in the practice of law under the firm name of McDermott & Johnson. This will make a strong team. Mr. McDermott is an old resident of Cowley, has occupied many promi­nent positions in gift of the people, and is a man of acknowl­edged ability. Mr. Johnson is tolerably well known here, is a graduate of Ann Arbor law school, and ranks well in his profes­sion. We wish the new firm abundant success.


Winfield Courier, March 4, 1880.

The Literary at Omnia schoolhouse is in good running order. They have a good paper, with Harry Hall as editor, and Mrs. F. E. Williamson, assistant. NARBY.



Arkansas City Traveler, March 10, 1880.

                                                          FROM MAPLE.

Farmers busy plowing. Oats about all sown. Health good. Simon S. Martin closed his schoolhouse last Friday. Mr. Martin has taught several terms in this district, all of which have given general satisfaction. As he now signs J. P. to the other end of his name, it is more than probable that he will abandon the arduous task of learning the young ideas how to shoot, and devote his time to the cultivation of his farm and to the duties of his office.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 10, 1880.

Last Monday the School Library Association were the recipi­ents of a number of beautiful little fish taken from the Walnut and presented to the association for their aquarium.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 10, 1880.

Prof. Fero, of Topeka, has organized a dancing class in this city, and is now teaching the young folks how “to trip the light fantastic.”

Arkansas City Traveler, March 10, 1880.

On Monday evening Prof. Fero opened his dancing school at the Central Avenue in this city with fifteen or sixteen couples in attendance. This is the first of a series of like entertainments which will be given weekly until the close of the term. The evening entertainment over, all returned home delighted with the amusement. His next instructions will be given on Wednesday evening of next week. The absence of a suitable hall that could be had during the afternoon will prevent many of the more youth­ful from attending, as the hours under the present arrangement are too late for their health and comfort.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 10, 1880.

SCHOOL REPORT. For the month ending March 5, 1880.

                                                   LISTING NAMES ONLY.


HIGH SCHOOL: Charlie Chapel and Sam Swarts.

INTERMEDIATE: Frank Theaker, Harvey Roberson, Perry Fullerlove.

SECOND PRIMARY: Grace McClung, Lizzie Garris, Newton Lancaster.

FIRST PRIMARY: Jennie DeBruce, Willie Kellogg, Howard McIntire, Eva Anderson.


HIGH SCHOOL: Jerry Adams, Henry Smith, Mary Theaker, Charlie Chapel, Charlie Randall, Sarah Randall, Emma Theaker, Jacob Endicott, Frank Randall, Sam Swarts, Martin Warren, Jessie Finley, Minnie McIntire.

INTERMEDIATE: Frank Theaker, Walter Pickering, Maggie Ford, Hattie Hand, John Garris, Wyatt Hutchison, Schuyler Hand.

SECOND PRIMARY: Bert Hughes, Howard Warren, Newton Lancaster, Charlie Nelson, Annie Wagstaff, Nina Pickering, Grace McClung, Lizzie Garris, Clara Ford, Otis Endicott, Belle Johnson.

FIRST PRIMARY: Willie Stanton, Geo. Hoffmaster, Frank Noll, Hettie Milks, Rosie Garris, Arthur Howey, Fred Evans, Frank Parsons, Clifford Rife, Alvin Bowers, Willie Fullerlove, Ottie Bowers. C. H. SYLVESTER, Principal.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1880.

The first semi-annual dividend of the state annual school fund, amounting to $158,562.28, is being disbursed by the State Superintendent of Public Instruction. The amount of this fund is less than in previous years, owing to the repeal by the last Legislature of a one-mill tax that heretofore went to that fund. This year the apportionment is made on a basis of fifty cents per each pupil in the state entitled to the benefit of this fund, against sixty-five cents per capita for the first semi-annual disbursement last year. Industrialist.


Winfield Courier, March 11, 1880.


A meeting of the citizens of Walnut will be held in the schoolhouse near the brewery on the evening of the 17th inst., at early candle-light, for the purpose of organizing a farmer’s stock protective association. Everybody interested in the matter are requested to be present.


W. COWEN, S. CURE, A. B. GRAHAM, JOEL MACK. March 8, 1880.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 17, 1880

Elder Cartwright, of the Christian Church, is holding a series of meetings at the Parker schoolhouse.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 17, 1880.

Prof. Andress, the wonderful Magician and slight of hand performer, will give a series of interesting and marvelous entertainments at the schoolhouse in this place on Thursday, Friday, and Saturday evenings, March 18th, 19th, and 20th. There will be a change of programme for each evening. The performances of the Professor’s trained birds are truly wonderful. The lady floating in mid air challenges the wonder and admiration of the audience. Upon the whole Prof. Andress’ programme of mirth, magic, and mystery is unexcelled and should be seen to be appreciated.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1880.

The state school fund for March was received some time ago, and is now ready for distribution. It gave this county $3,389.50, and the county fund, apportioned this month, increased the amount by $604.71, the two funds giving to districts 62 cents per pupil.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1880.

Tuesday morning county attorney Torrance and L. J. Webb returned from Rock township where they have been trying the parties engaged in the schoolhouse riot which occurred in district 72 last January. Five of the parties, Jno. Bailey, Abram Brown, Jno. Chitwood, Dero Meader, and Ithinor Saunders were convicted and fined one cent and costs, amounting in all to fifty dollars. The trouble occurred over the division of the district and the attempt of the above named parties to move the schoolhouse against the wishes of the directors.



Winfield Courier, March 18, 1880.

A council convened on Sunday last at the Summit schoolhouse for the purpose of organizing an independent regular missionary Baptist church, what has been known as the Richland arm of the Floral church.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 24, 1880. Editorial Page.

The following report of the Annual Love Feast of some of the Boltonites has found its way to the TRAVELER. We think it was written by some Peace of a Justice, as the first line gives evidence of legal lore.

“Know all men by these presents: Whereas, on the 14th day of February last, the citizens of Bolton Township met in mass, at the Bland schoolhouse in the open air, for the purpose of reviewing their past lives and preparing for the future. So after bustling around a while, W. C. Skinner was chosen chairman of the meeting. The chair arose and announced that the proceed­ings must be opened with prayer. So S. H. Deweese with the assistance of W. Mercer implored divine forgiveness for the folly of those who had spent many months in molding paper wads to be fired at the cattle drive and the wickedness of others who had buried, on the “trail,” the dreadful torpedoes of sulphur and snuff to hurl into the clouds the last hope of long horns. But Hank Hollowell who sat near, with an ear that lopped like a limp leaf of Kraut, declared that the prayer did not go as high as the third plank on the fence.

“After reading the statute by John Linton, the Chair an­nounced a recess of fifteen minutes. Whistling by Frank Lorry; tune Patsy won’t you drink some. The Chair then called the meeting from refreshments to labor.

“Now the various characters arose into prominence. The old Polar Bear, James McGuire, with that same old bed blanket on old Bob, rode up. Then came A. P. Lorry leading brother Frank while they stepped to the marshal music of old hundred. In fact, the drill was handsome.

“George Hagar made a speech on the wreck of man. Frank Reed, on the smart young man. G. Schnee presented facts to prove that the ground hog should be captured and cut into pork for spoiling a great deal of fine weather.

“Frank Lorry opened an argument in favor of the self made man, but his remarks were short, as the meeting gave him a unanimous vote for having more self-made worthlessness in one body than had ever before been found in Bolton Township.

“The chair announced that the hour had arrived for preparing ballots to elect some person of the township to the honorable position of attending to other people’s business. This called out a full and harmonious vote without distinction of race, color, or previous condition, and the judges of election, ap­pointed and sworn in due form of law, consisting of Uncle Berry Banks and Peter Andrews, proceeded to count the ballots, result­ing as follows: Frank Lorry received 69 votes, S. H. Deweese 19 votes, scattering 3 votes. The chair arose and amid the still­ness of death announced that Lieut. Lorry having received a majority of the votes cast was duly elected.

“Hick Deweese now arose with cussedness in his eye, and charged the judges of election with fraud and favor; they grew pale as the speaker, warm with the smart of disappointment, accused them of stuffing the box in favor of another.

“John Brown called, order, and said that a blind man could see that the best thing to do was to adjourn. So the Chair said the meeting was adjourned to meet St. Valentine one year from that date. “EAST BOLTON.”



Arkansas City Traveler, March 24, 1880.

There was a Sabbath School organized last Sabbath at the Coburn Schoolhouse, John Badley, Superintendent, R. S. McGredy, Assistant. We have Rev. Herbert back on the M. E. work again.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 24, 1880.

The Silver Dale S. P. U. company will meet at the Silver Dale schoolhouse on Saturday evening 27th at 7 o’clock p.m. Every member expected to come out, important business.

                                                By order of Cap. P. F. Haynes.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1880.

Judge H. D. Gans preached Sabbath last in the Parker schoolhouse east of Arkansas City.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1880.

On Saturday Rock township turned out en masse to discuss, in the county superintendent’s office, the question of forming a new school district in the neighborhood of the new stone church, out of portions of the Darien and Little Dutch districts.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, March 31, 1880. Front Page.

                                                        KANSAS IN 1880.

Five counties now have as many school districts as the State contained in 1865. The school fund, one of “the things” that make Kansas proud, has increased to $1,700,000; and when the school lands are all sold, this sum will amount to $13,000,000. Kansas Monthly.

Cowley County Teacher, April, 1880. [Vol. I, No. 6.]

                                                      DEXTER SCHOOLS.

My school is running delightfully, not a single case of tardiness this month; the concentration of mind to business is excellent, the daily results very gratifying. We have a young class in bookkeeping, full of promise, one in physiology, one in botany, and rigid and exacting reviews. The work in defining words and using them has grown fascinating, and the buying of dictionaries is becoming lively. I am much encouraged by the enthusiasm that has arisen to dig to the bottom, to the very root. The large boys have left for work, but I am surprised and pleased that our best classes go on climbing, with plenty of good scholars.

                                                              O. PHELPS.

Cowley County Teacher, April, 1880.

                                                        Duties of Teachers.

ART. VI., SEC. 1, School Law:  It shall be the duty of the teachers of every district or graded school to keep, in a regis­ter for this purpose, a daily record of the attendance, and the deportment of each pupil, and of the recitation of each pupil in the several branches pursued in such school, and to make out and file with the district clerk, at the expiration of each term of the school, a full report of the whole number of scholars admit­ted to school during such term, distinguishing between male and female, the text books used, the branches taught, and the number of pupils engaged in the study of said branches, and any other information the district board or county superintendent may require. Teachers:  how many of you kept the records required in the foregoing law?  How many of you made such a record of the standing of each pupil in your schools that your successors can follow you without any loss of time, or trouble in organizing their schools?

Cowley County Teacher, April, 1880.

District 124 was organized last week.

Cowley County Teacher, April, 1880.

One hundred and seventeen schools were in session in Cowley County during the last fall and winter.

Cowley County Teacher, April, 1880.

About fifty percent of the applicants at the February and March examinations failed to get certificates.

Cowley County Teacher, April, 1880.

District 116 had an arbor day this spring and put out 81 forest trees about the school-house. Good! Who else can say as much?

Cowley County Teacher, April, 1880.

C. C. Holland, formerly a teacher in this county, returned recently from Ann Arbor, Michigan. He comes back with a sheep­skin marked LL. B.

Cowley County Teacher, April, 1880.

NOTE:  There was a breakdown of taxes and state fund [1873 to 1879]. The figures showed money drawn by district treasurers from taxes, State and county fund from August 1872 to August 1879. Only dollars were given.


District 1:

1878-1879  $5,910

1877-1878  $3,069

1876-1877  $2,358

1875-1876  $   853

1874-1875  $1,540

1873-1874  $   867

                        [THESE FIGURES WERE SHOWN FOR 114 DISTRICTS.]

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1880.

Mr. J. VanDoren is putting up a “green house” on Ninth avenue opposite the schoolhouse. We have not learned what variety of greens he intends to propagate.



Winfield Courier, April 8, 1880.

Tuesday passed off very quietly. There was considerable “scratching” on both tickets resulting in the election of a mixed ticket. The following are the official returns.

                                                            FIRST WARD.

                                                    Member of School Board.

                                                      T. R. Bryan. 157 votes.

                                                         SECOND WARD.

                                                    Member of School Board.

                                                   G. W. Robinson: 105 votes.

                                                           J. L. Horning: 94


Winfield Courier, April 8, 1880.

There will be a meeting of those interested in the Sunday school cause at the Fitzgerald schoolhouse, one mile north of Burden, on Saturday, the 10th inst., at 2 o’clock p.m., for the purpose of organizing a Sunday school convention for Silver Creek and Sheridan townships.

                       By order of Vice-Presidents T. P. CARTER and L. WATKINS.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1880.

A meeting will be held on the evening of the 9th and the morning of the 10th of April, at the Armstrong schoolhouse in Harvey township, for the purpose of organizing a Sunday School Association. H. F. ALBERT, Vice President.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 14, 1880.

Miss Maggie Mitchell is teaching the school in the Holland District.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1880.

The fatality attending the teachers’ profession is truly alarming. There were Miss Buck, Miss Johnson, Miss King, Scott, who bravely began work last fall! Now where and who are they? Go ask Judge Gans. “And still there’s more to follow.”

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1880.

In the statement of moneys drawn from the county treasury by school district treasurers, made in the Teacher for April and printed in the COURIER of last week, the first line of figures given with each district shows the taxes, the second line the State fund drawn each school year since 1872. Supt. R. C. STORY.


Winfield Courier, April 15, 1880.

The School Board adopted the plans of Benjamin J. Bartlett, of Des Moines, Iowa, for the new schoolhouses to be erected in this city. The new building in the second ward will be two stories high with four rooms. An addition to the old building in the first ward, of two stories, with four rooms, halls, and anterooms, will be built. The architect guarantees the buildings to cost less than $10,000, with the heating and ventilating apparatus all complete. Mr. Bartlett is an architect of acknowl­edged ability and has furnished the plans for some of our best buildings. He is the architect for Mr. Rigby’s new dwelling.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 21, 1880.

The District School treasurers of this County drew from taxes, State and County fund for the School year ending August, 1879, the sum of $27,984.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1880.

Fifty-six signatures were obtained in Vernon township, Monday night, to the prohibition pledge. The meeting at the Vernon schoolhouse was well attended, Capt. McDermott, Superin­tendent Story, and Mr. Millspaugh speaking on the temperance issues. A strong resolution was passed by the meeting. Said resolution calls on candidates for office to clearly and posi­tively define their position on the amendment question. The workers in Vernon are thoroughly organizing and are determined on thorough work.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 28, 1880.

The school library at this place now numbers about 120 volumes, and is steadily increasing. The selections and dona­tions have been uniformly interesting and valuable works, whose wholesome food will strengthen the minds of our school-going population for many years to come. This library is the result of the labors of Mr. Sylvester and the pupils under his immediate care, and speaks highly of their enterprise and perseverance. It is open to the public one hour every Friday afternoon, the small sum of ten cents securing a book for one week. If any of our readers have a good book, and wish to do a lasting good deed, let them donate what they can to the Arkansas City High School.

Winfield Courier, April 29, 1880.

Mr. A. H. Stone, agent of Ramsey, Millet & Hudson, of Kansas City, is in this city and is getting up a map of Cowley County, which will give the location of the railroads, stations, township lines, post-offices, towns, creeks, rivers, vacant school and unsold lands, etc. It will be in every way particular and com­plete, and will be in size 22 by 28 inches. Mr. Stone will remain in the city several days, and can be found at the Williams House.

Winfield Courier, April 29, 1880.

The appointment at Odessa has been changed to Victor schoolhouse, where will be public service Sunday, May 2nd, at 10:30 a.m. REV. J. A. RUPP.


Winfield Courier, April 29, 1880.

                                                     OTTO, Ks., 4, 15, 1880.

We are determined you should know that the good people of Cedar still live, prosper, and enjoy life, notwithstanding their remoteness from the railroad city, Winfield.

Elder Hunt, of Wellington, Sumner County, the noted Adventist revivalist, having recently held a series of meetings at Virgil schoolhouse, seems to have made a profound impression. Some ten or twelve of the best citizens joined with him in looking for the near coming of our Savior.

I have not noticed the name of Prof. Story among the names of eligible citizens for county and state officers. It may, in some cases, be well enough to object to the third term, but it would surely be doing ourselves a great injustice to drop Mr. Story at this time. He has certainly labored with indefatigable industry in every department of his office which has required his attention. The sleet, the mud, and the coldest weather has found him in remote parts of the county, patiently visiting schools and inquiring into their wants and needs. His experience in the great law school at Ann Arbor, Michigan, makes him master of all the law required. One term is needed to acquaint him with the duties of his office; a second to acquire a thorough knowledge of his 130 districts, their various wants, their citizens, and school officers, the teachers of the county, etc. Verily we say Mr. Story is just now prepared to make an efficient Superinten­dent. We are informed by one who doubtless knows that Mr. Story, so far from making anything, has actually sunk money since his induction into office. Cedar township will go solid for him, and my acquaintance with Dexter, Spring Creek, and Otter townships confirms me in the belief that they both look for and expect Mr. Story to be their next County Superintendent.

The above remarks will apply in large degree to the Hon. A. B. Lemmon. We, in southeastern Cowley, expect nothing else, and will accept nothing short of Mr. Lemmon as our next State Super­intendent, but as the entire State is of the same mind, few words will suffice. Tediously, but earnestly, I. KNOW.

Cowley County Teacher, May, 1880.

Purchasers of school lands should carefully comply with the provisions of the law regarding these lands. Several purchasers in the county have forfeited their lands by failure to pay interest when due.

Cowley County Teacher, May, 1880.

Miss Carrie Morris and Miss Ella Davis, determined not to be behind Misses Strong, King, Buck, Johnson, and Scott, and Messrs. Floyd and Robinson, have taken life certificates. A few other teachers are quietly moving in the same direction, but we won’t mention their names at this time. Send us some of the cake.

Cowley County Teacher, May, 1880.

An examination of applicants for teachers’ certificates will take place the first week in August.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 5, 1880.

Miss Fannie Skinner commenced teaching a term of school in the Springdale schoolhouse in East Bolton last Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 5, 1880.

J. P. Musselman, of Lower Grouse, paid us a visit yesterday. From him we learned that the crops in that vicinity with the exception of wheat, which will be thin, are looking well, but the fruit is mostly killed. Cattle are doing well. Preaching and Sabbath school are held every Sunday in the Coburn schoolhouse, dist. 62. The Sabbath school under the superintendence of J. Bradley with Reuben Mackley, as assistant superintendent, is well attended. James Perisho is now teaching a term of school in this district with much profit to the scholars and credit to himself.



Winfield Courier, May 6, 1880.

Our schoolhouse was pretty badly damaged by the wind of April 18th, the west side giving way at the bottom and letting the floor down. It will be repaired this week.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1880.

At the meeting of the new school board, Monday evening, it was agreed to consider applications for teachers in the public schools at their next regular meeting. The applications must be in before June 1st.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1880.

Wirt Walton, of the Clay Center Dispatch, in speaking of Miss Clara Lemmon, the assistant State Superintendent of Public Instructions, says: “We cheerfully bear testimony of her compe­tency to discharge the duties of the office; and can safely add that what she accomplishes will be done in the most agreeable and satisfactory manner. The county superintendents and school principals of this part of the State, would almost be willing to favor the ‘State-House Ring,’—if there is such a ring,—if by so doing Miss Lemmon could have another term.”

Arkansas City Traveler, May 12, 1880. Editorial Page.

                                                  THE BOLTON DEBATE.

                                                DISTRICT 96, May 8, 1880.

The challenge debate, as per previous announcement, took place in the Guthrie schoolhouse in Bolton township, Friday evening, May 7, 1880, with J. D. Guthrie as chairman. The question for discussion was: “Resolved, That the existence of vigilance committees is morally wrong and should be abolished.” The affirmative was opened by J. W. Brown, assisted by Mr. Clark. The opposing orators were Messrs. D. P. Marshall and W. J. Conaway. The honorable judges, S. J. Gilbert and P. H. Somers, after patiently listening to the able arguments on both sides, and witnessing many gymnastic feats in the way of gestures—not to mention the fact of the speakers, which tied themselves into all imaginable knots—decided that the knights of the affirmative had wrestled and twisted rather neatly, and gave their verdict accordingly. It will be remembered that this same question was argued about four weeks ago by the same parties, at which time the judges, Messrs. Linton, Watts, and Berkey, decided in favor of the negative. The debate was replete with rich and racy incidents, and those who were not present missed a rare treat. J. R. C.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 12, 1880.

At the services held by the Baptists in the Mercer schoolhouse last Sunday, Mrs. Voris was received into the communion of the church. The rite of baptism took place in the Territory on that day, and was witnessed by a large concourse of worshipers. The services, which were conducted by Elder Hopkins, concluded in the evening by the celebration of the Lord’s supper.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 12, 1880.

From the vicinity of Dist. 96 comes the following with respect to crops and the general aspect of the country. The wheat crop will, in almost all cases, make from 1/3 to ½ of a crop, but some few pieces are totally destroyed. Corn is looking pretty good so far, but rain is beginning to be needed by that as well as everything else. Gardens are the exception, and not the rule. Miss Conaway is teaching a subscription summer school in this district. Sabbath school is held in the schoolhouse every Sunday at 4 p.m., and occasionally preaching is held there. Mr. D. P. Marshall is talking of building a new residence on his place this summer. Take everything into consideration, Bolton Township is a good place to live in, drouth or no drouth.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 12, 1880.

LIST OF TARDY STUDENTS IN HIGH SCHOOL FOR THE MONTH ENDING MAY 1, 1880: Peter Hollenbeck, Elva Pickering, Leah Rife, Stella Swarts, and Will Patterson.

Winfield Courier, May 13, 1880.

The plans for the school buildings have been received. They are elegantly finished, and if the buildings can be completed at the architect’s estimates, they will be the best ventilated, most commodious, as well as the cheapest schoolhouses in the country.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 19, 1880.

Prof. Trimble, of the Winfield schools, will conduct the Normal Institute in Labette County this fall. He is spoken of by the Winfield papers as an instructor of high ability.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 19, 1880.

The commencement exercises of the Arkansas City High School will be held at the schoolhouse two weeks from next Friday. This is something new for our school. There are five in the graduating class, who have worked hard during the past few weeks in order that they might acquit themselves in good style and reflect credit upon the labors of Mr. Sylvester. The parents and friends of the pupils should not fail to attend these exercises, and thus evince their appreciation of our prosperous school. We shall speak of this more fully in our next issue.



Winfield Courier, May 20, 1880.

Dr. Cadwallader began a school at the Baltimore schoolhouse, on the 3rd inst., with a pretty fair attendance.

School began at Omnia schoolhouse on the 3rd inst., with Mrs. Williamson, teacher.


Winfield Courier, May 20, 1880.

Mr. A. J. Worden, of Vernon township, is talked of as a candidate for Superintendent of Public Instruction. Mr. Worden is an early resident of this county, a bright young man, and a fine scholar. He has had experience in some of the best Ohio schools and in this state, and is a graduate of the New York State Normal School at Buffalo. He would no doubt make an excellent officer in that capacity.


Winfield Courier, May 20, 1880.

Any man or set of men who say that I was employed, or in any way influenced, by T. S. Green to help defeat the bonds for building a schoolhouse in District No. 26, are guilty of false­hood told for the purpose of carrying the bonds by false representation.

                                                           J. M. BARRICK.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 26, 1880

Andrew Berry, of Pawnee Agency, made his semi-annual visit to this city last week. He came up to meet his sisters and brothers, who came down from Lawrence, where they have been attending school.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 26, 1880.

CAMP MEETING. There will be a camp meeting held on the Arkansas City circuit in Silver-dale Township on lower Grouse near the Coburn schoolhouse, commencing on Friday, June the 18th, at 11 o’clock a.m. Those living within the bounds of adjoining charges are invited to attend. A number of ministers are expected to be present and assist in the services, viz: C. A. King, presiding elder of the Wichita district, J. A. Hyden, and L. F. Laverty. J. B. HERBERT, Pastor.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 26, 1880

We notice our friend Charles Hutchins in town the last few days. Charles has just finished teaching an eight months’ term of school in the Stony point schoolhouse, district 89, East Bolton, and is now looking around for a change. This is the second term he has taught in that district, and all express esteem for him both as a teacher and a gentleman.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 26, 1880.

Col. C. N. Goulding will deliver three lectures in this city on Friday, Saturday, and Sabbath evenings of this week in the M. E. Church, commencing at 7:30 o’clock. Two of the lectures will be on the subject of temperance, for which no charges will be made, but on Saturday evening an admission fee of 25 cents will be charged to the lecture on “That heathen Chinee.” Public school scholars of all ages will be admitted for 10 cents each.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1880.

The bids for the construction of the schoolhouses were opened by the board last week, but as none of them came within the estimate of the architect, the contract was not let. Mr. Bartlett was wired in regard to the matter, and says that if our home builders will not take the work at his estimates, he will build the houses himself.


Arkansas City Traveler, June 2, 1880.     

                                                   OUR STATE SENATOR.

Mr. Hackney has had more experience in legislative matters, probably, than any other man in the county, at least he has done more for his constituents than any other legislator we ever had. He was found at his post at all times working for the interest of the people. He is energetic, wide awake, and always knows what to do, and when to do it, to protect the rights of his constitu­ents. He compelled the repeal of the attorneys’ fee bill, which was very oppressive to half of the people in this county. He prevented the appropriation of a large sum of money that was intended to have been uselessly and fool­ishly spent to let a few Kansas politicians go to the Centennial on a lark and have their expenses paid; defeated the appropria­tions to the local schools called State Normals at Leavenworth and Concordia, which were only attended by scholars from their immediate vicinity and were of no direct benefit to the State; was chairman of the committee on claims, and prevented the allowance of claims against the State, thereby saving thousands of dollars to the State that otherwise would been paid out on spurious claims. He obtained a Senator and two representatives for this county on the apportion­ment, a thing as unexpected as it is important to our people. He is the peer of any man in the State as a parliamentarian and legislator, an untiring worker, and a man whom any of his con­stituents can ask to look after their interests and know they will be attended to.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 2, 1880.

W. T. Haley, of Galesburg, Illinois, is staying in the city for a few days. He is traveling with the hope of benefitting his wife’s health, and should this climate prove salubrious he may perhaps be induced to make his home with us. Mr. Haley has for many years followed the profession of teaching, and is engaged to take part in the normal institute to be held at Wichita next July.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 2, 1880.

Attend the commencement exercises of our high school at the M. E. Church next Friday evening at 7-1/2 o’clock.


Arkansas City Traveler, June 2, 1880.

The following is the programme of the commencement exercises to be held in the Methodist church next Friday evening at half past seven o’clock. The graduates are Jerry Adams, Henry Smith, Linnie Peed, Blanche Marshall, and Mary Theaker. The exercises will last about one hour and thirty minutes, and the care and attention given to them by Prof. Sylvester and the students are a sufficient guarantee that those who attend will enjoy themselves. Do not let any kind of weather, or anything else, keep you away, but give our school population a rousing testimonial of your appreciation of their efforts.



                                                        Prayer: Rev. Fleming.



Essay: Linnie Peed - “Some Beauties of Nature.”

Oration: Jerry Adams - “War.”


Essay: Blanche Marshall - “Life’s Voyage.”

Essay: Mary Theaker - “Liberty and Revolution.”

Oration: Henry Smith - “Our Country.”


                                            PRESENTATION OF DIPLOMAS.


We will publish these essays and orations in full next week.


Winfield Courier, June 3, 1880.

The Arkansas City schools have graduating exercises Friday evening, a class of five receiving their diplomas.

Winfield Courier, June 3, 1880.

Married at the Hall schoolhouse, Harvey township, on Sunday, May 30th, 1880, by the Rev. J. Cairns, the Rev. David Thomas, of Winfield, and Mrs. Mary A. Armstrong, of Harvey township.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 9, 1880.

                                          COMMENCEMENT EXERCISES.

The first annual commencement of our high school passed off to the satisfaction of all who were present last Friday evening at the Methodist Church. The house was crowded to its utmost capacity with the elite of the city. Rev. Fleming opened the exercises by offering a fervent prayer for the young graduates, after which some excellent music was rendered by our Polymelian [?] ladies and gentlemen, when Mr. S. B. Adams delivered an address replete with good advice and wise counsel. The scholars who with last Friday night’s entertainment completed the course pre­scribed for this school did themselves proud in every particular.


Arkansas City Traveler, June 9, 1880.

An accident of quite a serious nature befell a daughter of Reuben Mackley, of lower Grouse, as she was returning from attending church service held in the Coburn schoolhouse last Saturday night. It would seem that she was walking towards home when she was knocked down and run over by some horsemen, who, owing to the darkness, and perhaps want of care, did not perceive her. At this writing we are not able to state precisely what injuries she received, but our informant gave us to understand that they were of a serious nature. There is too much reckless running indulged in by our young men as they leave meetings of this nature, not only on Grouse creek, but generally, which should be stopped. for though they may be willing to risk their own lives and limbs, they have no right to endanger the lives of other people.

Winfield Courier, June 10, 1880.

There will be an ice cream festival at Excelsior schoolhouse, Thursday evening. The proceeds are for the benefit of the Sunday school.


Winfield Courier, June 10, 1880.

The Winfield public school closed last Friday, and commence­ment exercises were held in Manning’s hall Friday evening. The valedictory address by McClellan Klingman was very fine, and the original oration of James Lorton is spoken of in the highest terms. The following was the order of exercises.

Prayer. Music. Original Oration, Jas. Lorton, “Improve­ments of Time.” Recitation, Lou Morris, “All the World.” Declamation, George Black, “Allow for the Crawl.” Recitation, Hattie Andrews, “We Measured the Baby.”

Music. Essay, Rosa Frederick, “Life of Cowper.” Recita­tion, Cora Shreves, “My Good Old-Fashioned Mother.” Declamation, Charles Beck, “Pyramids not all Egyptian.” Recitation, Sarah Hudson, “Thoughts During Church Service.”

Music. Original Oration, Lee C. Brown, “Wards of the Government.” Recitation, Leota Gary, “The Minister’s Door-Bell.” Recitation, Rose Rounds, “After the Battle.” Valedictory Ad­dress, McClellan Klingman.

Music. Address, R. C. Story. Presentation of Diplomas.

Music. Benediction.

Messrs. McClellan Klingman and James Lorton were the gradu­ates for 1880.

The hall was tastefully arranged and a large audience present. Through the efforts of Prof. Trimble, our schools have reached a remarkable degree of efficiency, and with more room, more teachers, and Prof. Trimble as principal, Winfield will be the equal in educational facilities of any city in Southern Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 16, 1880.

Mrs. Theaker is teaching a select school in the public school building. She has some forty children under her charge, whose tuition is paid by subscription, and she will continue the school until the convening of the Normal Institute.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1880.

The following teachers have been hired for the nest term of the public schools: E. T. Trimble, principal; Mary A. Bryant, Allie Klingman, Alice Aldrich, Miss Belle Fitzgerald, Mattie Gibson, Jeanie Melville, Miss C. S. Cook, assistants. The salary of the principal was fixed at $90 per month, and that of the assistants at $40 per month. The grade of the teachers was left at the discretion of the principal, with the concurrence of the board.


Winfield Courier, June 17, 1880.

The contract for building the schoolhouses was let to John Q. Ashton, for $9,950. Mr. John H. Lee was appointed superinten­dent of erection. Mr. Ashton built the Arkansas City schoolhouse and the new stone buildings on north Main street for McMullen & Bryan.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 23, 1880.

Contracts have been let to Mr. Ashton for building the additions to the present Winfield schoolhouse, and also for the erection of a new schoolhouse in the second ward, to be complet­ed by October 1, 1880.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 23, 1880.

Elder T. L. Cartwright, formerly of Forest City, Missouri, but now of Winfield, will preach in this city next Monday evening on the subject of “Christian Baptism.” It is his desire to obtain the Methodist church for this purpose, but if not success­ful, the schoolhouse will probably be secured.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 23, 1880.

C. C. Holland has returned from his trip to Silver Cliff, Colorado, for the purpose of attending the Normal Institute to be held in this county next month. Chris has secured the teaching of a ten-months school at Silver Cliff, and will leave for that place at the termination of the institute at Winfield. C. C. Holland has lots of goaheadativeness, which will be bound to win in the long run.



Winfield Courier, June 24, 1880.

Water is getting scarce on the upland.

There was a meeting at Summit schoolhouse on the night of the 12th instant, for the purpose of organizing a company of militia. Mr. W. C. McCormick being called to the chair, called the meeting to order and delivered a short address on the duties of citizens. Among those he named was the one most prominent, that of the protection the government owed itself. As in the past so in the future, we must depend upon the citizen soldier. He exhorted all to join, and his call was responded to by the acquisition of several names, and several dollars toward a fund to purchase musical instruments.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1880.

Miss Nellie Cole returned from Topeka, where she has been attending school, last week.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1880.

The contractor for the new schoolhouse is already at work, and is excavating for the one in the East ward.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1880.

Mr. Frank Manny has fixed up near his brewery one of the finest parks in southwestern Kansas. He has laid it off into walks and drives, with beautiful beds of flowers, rustic arbors, swings, and other attractive features. His intention is to make it a place of resort where all classes can repair with their families and enjoy a pleasant afternoon, and so far he seems to be succeeding admirably. Mr. Manny allows no disreputable characters to enter the grounds, and upon our visit there we saw nothing that could be objected to by the most fastidious. The use of the grounds is offered free to the schools or Sunday schools for picnic purposes, the only proviso being that the children be accompanied by their teachers, who are expected to keep the flowers, arbors, etc., from being injured.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 30, 1880.

At a meeting of the school board yesterday, it was decided to engage Mr. O. Phelps, formerly of Dexter, as principal of our schools, with Mrs. Phelps as assistant. Mr. Phelps will be detained at Winfield during the Normal, after which he will move his family to this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 30, 1880.

In this issue we announce the name of Mr. R. C. Story as a candidate for reelection to the office of Superintendent of Public Instruction, and in so doing, we take pleasure in stating that during the two terms of office he has already served he has eminently proved himself to be the right man in the right place. He is an indefatigable worker, a good scholar, a practical teacher, and a thorough gentlemen. Such being the case, we trust that he may be retained in this office, the duties of which he has so long discharged with profit to the county and honor to himself.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 7, 1880.

It is the boast of our town that we have the finest schoolhouse in Southern Kansas, and so we have. A handsomer edifice could not be asked for. But did it never occur to our worthy school board that the looks of the building and grounds would be somewhat improved by the placing of a good fence around them?  Would anyone of our school board ever think of building as fine a residence as we have a schoolhouse, and leave it wholly un­adorned by either fence or trees?  The planting of good shade trees is not in season just now, but the fence can be put there at any time—and there is no time like the present. We don’t say this to fill up the paper, but we join with our best citizens in wishing this step may be taken, and hope that our school board have enough pride and enterprise to push it through to speedy completion.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 7, 1880.

BOLTON RANGERS. All members of this military company are requested to meet at the Bland schoolhouse one week from next Saturday, July 17, at 2 p.m., without fail. There is consider­able business of utmost importance to transact. It is the intention to draw new arms for the company, also new uniforms. Don’t fail to be on hand.

                                                  R. HOFFMASTER, Captain.

JOHN LEWIS, Lieutenant.

Winfield Courier, July 8, 1880.

Miss Nettie Porter, daughter of Mrs. S. B. Bruner, and sister of our young friends, Justin and Jo. D. Porter,  is in the city for the summer. Miss Porter has recently graduated at the Normal school of Normal, Illinois. Her presence will be a pleasant acquisition to the society of this place.

Winfield Courier, July 8, 1880.

The Shawnee County institute opened with forty-five teach­ers. The Cowley County session began work with fifty-seven teachers.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 14, 1880.

Last week we spoke about putting a fence around the school grounds of Arkansas City. With reference to this proposed improvement, Mr. Findley reports that when the present board took charge of the school affairs they found an indebtedness of $500 on their hands, in addition to the bonded indebtedness. By careful and judicious management this debt has been cleared. There is money now in the district treasury, and when they make their fall drawing from the county treasury they expect to plow the grounds over, set out plenty of good shade trees, and enclose the grounds with a neat and tasty fence. This looks like business, and the TRAVELER is glad to make this statement as an evidence of the ability and enterprise of the present school board.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 14, 1880.

BOLTON RANGERS. All members of this military company are requested to meet at the Bland schoolhouse next Saturday, June 17, at 2 p.m., without fail. There is considerable business of utmost importance to transact. It is the intention to draw new arms for the company, also new uniforms. Don’t fail to be on hand. R. HOFFMASTER, Captain.

JOHN LEWIS, Lieutenant.



Winfield Courier, July 15, 1880.

The Omnia Township Sunday School Convention met at the Omnia schoolhouse on Friday, July 7th. Elder Thompson and Mr. F. E. Williamson were re-elected president and vice-president; Mr. John Henry, elected treasurer. The secretary, Dr. G. V. Cadwallader, was permanently elected at the organization last April.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 21, 1880.

BOLTON RANGERS. Take notice that a meeting for drill will be held on Saturday, July 31, at 3 p.m., in the Bland schoolhouse. R. HOFFMASTER, Captain.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 21, 1880.

S. P. U. A meeting of the stock protective union will be held at early candle-light on Saturday, July 31, in the Bland schoolhouse. By order of    R. HOFFMASTER.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 21, 1880.

The Republicans of Bolton Township are requested to meet at the Bland schoolhouse on Thursday, July 29, at 2 o’clock p.m., for the purpose of electing three delegates and three alternates to the county convention to be held at Winfield July 31; also to elect a township chairman. Republicans, remember the day and the hour, and turn out.

                                                   J. D. GUTHRIE, Chairman.


Winfield Courier, July 22, 1880.

This is a very good year for picnics. We have just had another on Rock creek, and I will tell you a little about it. It was on the 17th of July, in a beautiful grove, on Mr. Chitwood’s farm, gotten up the Rock Valley Sunday school. We were on the ground at a little before 10 o’clock. The marshal of the day and master of ceremonies, Mr. Schofield, had everything ready and in good order.

The next to arrive on the grounds was Summit school, 19 in number. Close after came Richland school, numbering 53. Soon came Prairie View school, numbering 22. Then came Lone Tree. Soon came the Douglass M. E. school, 43 in number. The next and last to come was the Douglass Union school, numbering 24. Every school as they came in were conducted to comfortable seats near together. The program was commenced with a song by the Summit school. Then there was a prayer by Rev. Ides, followed by a song by the Richland school. The Rev. Wilson then addressed the schools in a very animated and interesting manner. The Douglass M. E. school then sang a song. The Richland school infant class then sang “God is Love,” after which Minnie Groom recited a poem. Then came a temperance song by three little girls, the daughters of Mr. Thomas Jones, of Richland school. This closed the exercises of the forenoon, and we all went for our dinner as people go only at a picnic out in the timber. At half past one, we had a song by Lone Tree school  After that we had an essay by Mr. White. Then a song by the Douglass Union school  After that there was a children’s meeting, addressed by Rev. Winsted. This was followed with a song by Prairie View school and then Bellwood school  These were followed by reports of the schools. They were mainly verbal, and show a good condition. Then the congregation all joined in signing the coronation, received the benediction, and closed. There was a free swing for all, without money and without price. There was plenty of ice cream and all sorts of refreshments on the ground. It was a very enjoyable affair.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1880.

A Republican meeting will be held at the Jarvis schoolhouse Wednesday evening July 28th, for the purpose of organizing a Garfield and Arthur club. Speeches will be made by Col. Manning and Henry E. Asp. A large turnout is expected.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 28, 1880.

The Garfield and Arthur club of Bolton Township meets regularly every Saturday evening at the Bland schoolhouse.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 28, 1880.

BOLTON RANGERS. Take notice that a meeting for drill will be held Saturday, July 31, at 3 p.m., in the Bland schoolhouse. R. HOFFMASTER, Captain.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 28, 1880.

S. P. U. The members of the stock protective union of Bolton Township will hold a meeting at the Bland schoolhouse on Saturday, July 31, at early candle-light.

                                               By order of R. HOFFMASTER.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 28, 1880.

The annual meeting of the teachers of Cowley County will be held in the courtroom at Winfield, beginning at 8 o’clock a.m., August 2, and will continue in session two days. The programme embraces subjects of vital interest to all connected with the cause of education, and every teacher in the county, and every school officer, should attend this meeting, and help make the occasion both pleasant and profitable. Every teacher in the county is invited to be present at this time. R. C. STORY, County Superintendent.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 28, 1880.

Teachers’ Examination. An examination of applicants for teachers’ certificates will be held in Winfield, beginning at 8 o’clock, a.m., August 4, 1880.

                                           R. C. STORY, County Superintendent



Winfield Courier, July 29, 1880.

The gentleman against whose clerical robes the breath of suspicion was strongly blowing, was, by trial last Saturday at the Victor schoolhouse, proclaimed innocent, and exonerated of the grave charge brought against him. Has it come to pass that one cannot act charitably, and manifest a spirit of benevolence toward the needy creatures of humanity without causing the tongue of scandal to wag.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1880.

J. G. Bullene, of our city, is furnishing the rock for the new schoolhouse at Wichita.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1880.

R. Harbaugh, Secretary, announces that the Pleasant Valley Sunday School Convention will meet at the Odessa schoolhouse on August 6, at 10 o’clock a.m., and proceed to the grove on Posey creek, where the business will be transacted and a picnic will be held. A general invitation is extended.



Winfield Courier, August 5, 1880.

Mr. H. E. Asp met with the Republicans at the Baltimore schoolhouse last Monday evening, and after a pleasant little speech, proceeded to organize a Garfield club. Mr. L. A. Daniels was elected president; John L. Parsons, vice-president; Geo. F. Thompson, secretary; Wm. Jenkins, Treasurer. X. Y. CAESAR.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1880.

The walls of the school building are up as high as the county superintendent: one Story.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1880.

The county commissioners met last Monday to make the tax levy. Some of the school district reports were not in and they could not finish up their work.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1880.

Under the law as it is understood the school districts through which the railroads run get all the benefit of the railroad taxation, while the greater number of school districts in the county, though paying their proportion of interest and principal on the R. R. bond debt, get none of the benefit of the taxation. This is wrong and should be righted.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1880.

Miss Lillian Hoxie has finished her labors here in the Institute and has returned to Fort Scott with the high respect and kindest wishes of all who know her. Would it not be a nice thing for Winfield if she could be made the head teacher of our new west schoolhouse.


Winfield Courier, August 5, 1880.

The Republican nominee for county attorney is a native of Delaware, Ohio. He is not to blame that President Hayes was born there too, for he could not help it. Frank was ten years old when the war commenced and was not a soldier in the war because his folks thought he was too young. However, he put in his time well in working on his father’s farm and attending school. He was educated at the Ohio Wesleyan University and then went through a course of law studies at the Ann Arbor Law school. He practiced a short time with his old preceptor at Delaware and then struck out for the west to obey the injunctions of the venerable Horace Greeley. He struck Winfield between four and five years ago and went to work. With his bright scholarship, industrious habits, sound judgment, and quick perceptions, he has become one of our best lawyers and is destined to rise to emi­nence as a jurist. He is a gentleman, one of the kind who regard the poorest laborers as equals, and acknowledge no superior class. He has made friends with all with whom he has become acquainted, and will poll more than the full strength of his party at the coming election.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 11, 1880.

The annual school meeting of school district No. 2 will be held in the schoolhouse tomorrow afternoon. The notices re­quired by law have been posted up for two weeks past.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 11, 1880.

Next Tuesday evening, August 17, the citizens of Bolton township are requested to meet at the Theaker schoolhouse for the purpose of organizing a township temperance society. Mr. P. B. Lee, of Vernon Township, an active worker in the cause of temperance, will be there to address the meeting. A general turnout from all parts of the township is looked for and confi­dently expected.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 11, 1880.

The annual meeting of the school board of district No. 2 will be held in the schoolhouse on Thursday, August 12, at 2 p.m., for the purpose of electing one director and attending to such other business as may come before the meeting, and especial­ly to consider what steps shall be taken looking to the fencing and fitting up of our school grounds. All are expected to attend. L. FINLEY, Clerk.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1880.

The school building is progressing well, and shows two stories of wall.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 18, 1880.

At the school meeting of this district last Thursday there was a good attendance. Rev. Fleming was elected to the vacant directorship caused by Mr. Adams declining to serve another term, and sufficient funds were voted to fence the school grounds and set out a plentiful supply of good shade trees thereon. The election of Rev. Fleming as Mr. Adams’ successor will meet with as general satisfaction throughout the district as will the knowledge that our grounds are soon to be placed on an equality with the building.



Winfield Courier, August 19, 1880.

Udall school district, one of the wealthiest districts in this part, voted for eight months school the coming year, to commence the first of September.

Winfield Courier, August 19, 1880.

The clerk of the Winfield school district reports 870 children of school age in this district.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 25, 1880.

Prof. Phelps is busy getting ready for the opening of school one week from next Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 25, 1880.

Our schools commence on the 6th of September. Prof. Phelps reports that some of Dexter’s children will follow him up, and take a course of instruction in our schools.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 25, 1880.

Elder James E. Kane, of the Christian church, will preach at the First Presbyterian church next Saturday evening, at 8 o’clock. All are cordially invited to attend. On Sunday morning Elder Kane will hold an open-air and basket meeting in Gillis’ grove east of the Walnut, and will preach at the Parker schoolhouse in the evening. An effort will be made to have him remain throughout next week, and preach each evening at the schoolhouse.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 25, 1880.

We understand a prairie fire was started last week near the Enterprise schoolhouse, which was only prevented from doing serious damage by the strenuous endeavors of the neighbors. The fire was lighted to cook dinner by a party from this city, who were putting up hay in that vicinity. We would advise a little more caution in the future, as fire makes a good servant, but the very worst kind of a boss.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1880.

The east school building is taking its roof.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1880.

John Q. Ashton, the contractor of the schoolhouses, has been confined to his bed for several days.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1880.

In the late distribution of the State school fund, Cowley is the seventh county in order of those receiving the greatest sums. It gives forty-seven cents for each person of school age. The following are the leading counties in the order of amount received.

Leavenworth:          $5,300.

Shawnee:                $3,736.

Doniphan:         $3,665.

Atchison:                $3,545.

Labette:                  $3,418.

Bourbon:                $3,294.

Cowley:                  $3,184.

Montgomery:          $3,117.

Johnson:                 $3,090.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 1, 1880. Front Page.

At the close of the recent Normal Institute the teachers of Cowley County met in their annual association. Two days were spent in the consideration of topics of interest to teachers, to schools, to school boards, and to the public generally. It is probable that at no association in the state have questions of wider or deeper significance been discussed by teachers. This fact shows the advanced standing held by the teachers of Cowley County. Their resolutions were as follows.

Resolved, That it is unwise to admit children under seven years of age to our public schools, as they are too young for anything but the kindergarten work, which cannot be given in our ordinary schools, and when they are thus admitted, three hours a day should be the utmost limit of their stay, lest they be injured in health and stupefied and dwarfed in mind.

Resolved, That, in addition to the indispensable studies of reading, writing accounts, and language, including orthography, orthoepy, correspondency, business forms—we should carefully and zealously cultivate the aesthetic nature of the young, by the studies of man, literature, poetry, plants, insects, and all that is beautiful around us, as an essential condition or happi­ness, and a shield from vice.

Resolved, That district clerks be paid a reasonable compen­sation for their services.

Resolved, That the power of changing district boundaries should be transferred from the county superintendent to some other persons.

Resolved, That the law of the state should require school boards to furnish at least fifteen square yards of black board for each school room.

Resolved, That true economy would justify, and a just pride in our schools should encourage the surrounding of our schoolhouse with grateful shade, both for protection and ornament.

Resolved, That experience has proved in other states the great superiority of the township system of schools, and we ask its adoption throughout our state, including the appointment of county superintendent by the township trustees, since it has been shown to be thus less fluctuating than when an elective office, and the best men are thus retained longer in the places in which they excel.

Resolved, That successful work in the school room should entitle the teachers to a certificate recognizing such work, and that certificates of high grade should become permanent after thorough examination in the school room and before the examining board.

Resolved, That the holding of low grade certificates for two successive years should render the holder ineligible to the office of teaching.

Resolved, That general information should take prominent place in the studies and in the examination of teachers.

Resolved, That this association meet monthly, holding its sessions in Winfield, Arkansas City, and Burden.

Resolved, That monthly reports should be made by the teacher promptly at the end of each calendar month and that the same should be at once sent to the county superintendent.

Resolved, That we would rebuke and condemn as unworthy of our profession any persons, who so far disregards a decent respect for an obedience to the school law of the State as to teach in our public schools without a certificate, or after it has expired, and believe a school board deserves prosecution that is so disorderly as to expend school money for such lawless teaching.

The officers for the following year are:

President, R. C. Story.

Vice President, E. A. Millard.

Secretary, J. R. L. Adams.

Assistant Secretary, Linnie Peed.

Executive committee—Orlin Phelps, Ella Freeland, M. J. Melville, W. E. Ketcham, A. Limerick. Commonwealth.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 1, 1880.

Elder Kane is holding meetings in the Parker schoolhouse this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 1, 1880.

The Republicans of Bolton Township are requested to meet at the Bland schoolhouse tomorrow evening at 7 o’clock, to organize a Garfield club. Let there be a full turn-out.

                                                           J. D. GUTHRIE.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1880.

Miss Mattie Tice will commence a select school in the frame schoolhouse next Monday.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1880.

Miss Mary Bryant will open a select school in one of the rooms of the frame schoolhouse next Monday.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1880.

Mr. Ashton, the contractor on the school building is recov­ering from a severe illness of typhoid fever.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1880.

Prof. E. T. Trimble has concluded his labors in conducting the Normal at Columbus, and returned home.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1880.

The first ward schoolhouse progresses finely. The roof is on, and the interior is nearly ready for the plasterers. It looks well in most respects, but we don’t like the looks of that roof, and won’t pretend to unless we are paid something handsome for it.


Winfield Courier, September 2, 1880.

The following persons hold certificates at this time and are legally qualified to contract with school boards.


                                                               GRADE A.

Mary J. Melville.

Sarah E. Davis.

P. S. Martin.

T. J. Floyd.

R. B. Corson.

Nellie M. Aldrich.

Lena Bartlett.

                                                               GRADE B.

Allie E. Dickle.

Mrs. Will B. Caton.

A. B. Taylor.

Ella Freeland.

Lena McNeil.

                                                               GRADE C.

William Wycoff.

Anna F. Cuppage.

W. B. Dickerson.

Rosa Frederick.

A. E. Hon.

Nannie McGee.

Cora F. Meech.

Ray E. Nawman.

Fannie Pontius.

Amy Robertson.

Mrs. P. B. Seibert.

Maggie Stansbury.

Mrs. Flora Ward.

J. J. Stevens.

R. S. White.

                                                        ARKANSAS CITY.

                                                               GRADE A.

Fannie B. Skinner.

Albertine Maxwell.

Mrs. Lizzie L. Standley.

Frances Phelps.

Orlin Phelps.

Mary Theaker.

Mattie G. Mitchell.

                                                               GRADE B.

J. R. L. Adams.

Chas. Hutchins.

Jas. E. Perisho.

Mrs. L. M. Theaker.

                                                               GRADE C.

Thirza Dobyns.

Flora Finley.

R. C. Gailey.

Ella Grimes.

W. N. Henderson.

Derwin Hunter.

Susie L. Hunt.

Blanche Marshall.

S. C. Murphy.

Linnie Peed.

Sada Pickering.

Jessie Sankey.


S. F. Overmann. - B.

R. B. Overmann. - B.

Ada Overmann. - C.

A. P. Cochran. - C.


H. T. Albert. - B.

H. F. Albert. - B.

M. Hemenway. - B.

R. O. Stearns. - C.


Mary A. Tucker. - A.

E. A. Millard. - A.

Arvilla Elliott. - B.

S. Chandler. - C.


T. H. Aley. - B.

Martha Thompson. - B.

J. H. Bartgis. - C.

S. T. Hockett. - C.


Sadie E. Davis. - C.

Rosa Rounds. - C.

Mattie West. - B.

                                                            MAPLE CITY.

W. E. Ketcham. - B.


Porter Wilson. B.

P. W. Smith. - B.


L. McKinley. - B.


Mrs. H. Knickerbocker. B.

Mrs. A. M. Gillespie. - C.

W. H. Funk. - C.

                                                            NEW SALEM.

L. C. Brown. - C.


Nettie D. Handy. - C.


F. A. Chapin. - C.


A. Limerick. - B.

An examination will be held in October sometime, which will afford another opportunity to those who failed at the above session of the institute. There are one hundred and twenty-two districts in the county, and but eighty certificates granted so far.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 8, 1880.

Will McConn returned to school at Crawfordsville, Indiana, today.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 8, 1880.

School commenced last Monday, with Prof. Phelps and wife, Miss Flora Finley, and Mrs. Theaker as instructors.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 8, 1880.

LIBRARY MEETING. The next meeting of the library associa­tion will be held at the schoolhouse on Monday, September 13, at 4 p.m. Every member is requested to be present, as the annual election of officers takes place at that time. JERRY ADAMS, President.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 8, 1880.

Our school opened last Monday morning with an attendance of over 170 pupils. The school laws render it compulsory for children to attend and we trust that parents and guardians will see that the law in this respect is complied with.

                                            By order of the SCHOOL BOARD.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 8, 1880.

Last Thursday night a Garfield and Arthur club was organized at the Bland schoolhouse with D. P. Marshall, chairman, and August Lorry, secretary. The club will meet at the same place tomorrow evening and complete the organization. Speakers will be in attendance, and all Republicans are expected to be on hand.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1880.

Messrs. Hackney and Gans will address the people at Rose Valley schoolhouse in Liberty township on Saturday evening, Sept. 18th, 1880.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.

Ridenour & Thompson have just received a fine clock, which will shortly grace the schoolhouse.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.

Hon. W. P. Hackney and C. R. Mitchell will speak at Enter­prise schoolhouse in Beaver Township on Thursday, September 23.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.

The Garfield and Arthur club of Bolton Township meets every second and fourth Thursday of each month, at the Bland school­house. H. S. Buckner is president and P. A. Lorry secretary.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.

                                          MERCER SCHOOLHOUSE, Sept. 7.

The Bolton Township temperance organization met, and in the absence of the president, Rev. Broadbent, was called to order by the secretary. Rev. Fleming delivered an eloquent address of an hour’s length, and commanded the very closest attention through­out. The pledge was passed around, and nearly all gave their names. A unanimous vote of thanks was given the speaker, and the meeting adjourned to Tuesday evening, September 14, at the Guthrie schoolhouse. D. P. MARSHALL, Secretary.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 15, 1880.

                                              FROM BOLTON TOWNSHIP.

                                              BOLTON, September 11, 1880.

Editor Traveler: According to call, the Republicans of Bolton met at the Bland schoolhouse on Thursday evening, Septem­ber 9, and organized a rousing Garfield and Arthur club.

After the organization, in absence of expected speakers from abroad, the president, Mr. Buckner, asked some of the members to state their reasons for being Republicans. Mr. Marshall first responded, and concluded by quoting the forcible reasons given by Col. Ingersoll, which elicited great applause. Amos Walton, being present, was called on. He gave his reasons for having been such a consistent and life-long (?) Democrat, which was a weak argument, to say the least. Then followed Mr. John Brown, who gave us such a rousing speech as we seldom hear. He bled the gentleman (Mr. Walton) and the Democratic party at every thrust. In the course of his remarks he asked if anyone present ever knew a colored man to vote with the Democrats. Mr. Andrews being present said if any such had existed, they were dead.

Mr. Walton tried to reply, but his mind (or whatever he calls it) was so muddled that he could not say anything.

The next speaker was Mr. Clark, a Greenbacker, who scolded the Republicans and Democrats on the financial question about alike. Then referring to the Alabama election, and the manner in which they treated Messrs. Weaver and Randall down there, he came out in such bitter denunciation for the Democrats that those present—Walton, Turner, Gilbert, and Eaton—could not raise their heads “or sit low enough in their seats.” It was the most laughable sight I have witnessed for a long time. I venture they will not sigh for a similar experience in this campaign.

We had a good meeting, and when we come to the polls you can count on Bolton for a good Republican majority. The club meets again at the same place on Thursday evening, September 23, when we will have able speakers from abroad. ONE OF THE CLUB.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1880.

The second ward schoolhouse walls have risen to the height of two stories.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1880.

Mrs. Col. Manning has gone to Topeka with Miss May Manning, who will be placed at school in the College of the Sisters of Bethany.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1880.

The Arkansas City schools commenced on the 6th with Prof. Phelps and wife, Miss Finley, and Mrs. Theaker as instructors, and 170 pupils.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1880.

Father Kelley opened a select school in the Catholic church Monday morning. All are admitted to this school without regard to religious beliefs. All the common school branches will be taught, and also the languages to those who desire. Terms reasonable.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 22, 1880.

Hon. W. P. Hackney will address the citizens of Bolton next Monday in Theaker schoolhouse at 2 p.m., and in the Bland school­house at 7:30 p.m.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 22, 1880.

Frank Jennings and Hon. C. R. Mitchell will address the Garfield and Arthur club of Bolton township at the Bland school­house tomorrow at 7 o’clock p.m. Let all good Republicans turn out and see that a rousing meeting is held.



Winfield Courier, September 23, 1880.

Michael Maher has gone away to school. He will be very much missed in our school, as he is a very worthy young man.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1880.

The first ward schoolhouse is nearly ready for occupation. The second ward building has its roof on.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1880.

George Thompson, of Omnia, has gone back to Manhattan to attend school. George is one of Cowley’s promising young men.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 29, 1880.

W. P. Hackney will address the people of Beaver Township at Holland schoolhouse next Saturday at 7:30 p.m.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 29, 1880.

There will be a temperance meeting held in the Parker schoolhouse tomorrow evening. Speakers from abroad will address the meeting.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 29, 1880.

Hon. C. R. Mitchell will address a meeting of the Republi­cans of Silverdale in the Estus schoolhouse on Monday, October 4. Turn out and hear the straight doctrine.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 29, 1880.

There will be a Republican meeting held in Centennial schoolhouse, Beaver Township, Thursday evening, October 7, and it is hoped that all Republicans will turn out. Hon. Robert Mitch­ell and others will address the meeting.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 29, 1880.

The semi-annual meeting of the Prairie View cemetery associ­ation will meet at the Parker schoolhouse on Thursday, October 7, at 9 o’clock a.m., for the purpose of cutting the grass and protecting the grounds against fire. By order of the committee.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 29, 1880.

There will be a temperance lecture at the Silverdale school­house in that township on Tuesday night, October 5. L. F. LAVERTY.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 29, 1880.

There will be a temperance meeting at Salt City Tuesday night, October 5, and at Stony Point the next night. T. H. Soward, of Winfield, will address the people. J. J. BROADBENT.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 29, 1880.

The farmers of Beaver Township deserve great credit. Enterprise schoolhouse was literally crowded last Thursday night, some farmers coming as far as five miles to hear Mr. Hackney speak—and this after a hard day’s work.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 6, 1880.

In another column will be found the advertisement of the school board calling for plans and specifications for a fence for the school grounds. The cost of construction is not expected with these plans, but simply the plans, or styles, themselves, from which a selection will be made, when all who wish will have a chance to bid on the one selected. Let the plans and bids be rushed along, as all are anxious to see the fence built.


The school board for district No. 2 desire plans and speci­fications for a neat and durable wooden fence for the grounds to the schoolhouse at Arkansas City, from which they will make a selection and then receive sealed bids for construction of the same. Plans requested before November 1, 1880. L. FINLEY, Clerk.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 6, 1880.

Messrs. Jennings and Mitchell addressed the citizens of Silverdale Township last Monday night at Estus’ schoolhouse. The house was crowded to its utmost capacity, showing the interest manifested by the farmers in the coming election. Frank woke us up at 2 a.m. to tell us that Mitchell made the best speech of the campaign, and would carry Silverdale almost to a unit. We then rolled over and slept the sleep of innocence.


Arkansas City Traveler, October 6, 1880.

The Democrats of Lower Grouse had quite an interesting time at Coburn’s schoolhouse on Thursday last, at 7:30 p.m. After some little trouble in securing a chairman (none of the party desiring office), Mr. Hill was induced to act. I never saw either of the speakers before, but was told their names were General Amos Walton and Hon. Dr. Leonard. The General made a great impression on his Democratic audience of nine by a fine oratorical display, who cheered him as if they were afraid of hurting the floor. The impression he made on us Republicans was that he hadn’t his lesson well learned. It may not be improper to notice some of the General’s “p’ints,” as he termed them.

He said he could explain what had become of the Republican votes of the South, which he did to the satisfaction of his nine. He said the negroes were persecuted by their old masters to vote the Democratic ticket. The General ought to know that every school boy in Silverdale township knows how the negroes were persuaded. The “old masters” persuaded Judge Chisholm and his innocent children to cease voting the Republican ticket.

Dixon was persuaded not to oppose the nominee of the party the General represents with the good loyal Southerners whom the General said had now come back under the flag; but he did not tell us these same loyal persuaders gave Dixon’s murderer the best office in the county, and sent him to Cincinnati to nominate the candidate whom General Walton will support.

The spirits of those murdered children will appear as witnesses against any party who will wilfully make such false representations.

In 1876, in the State of Alabama, there were 68,230 Republican votes counted; in 1878 there were 213. Alabama is only a fair sample of the Solid South, and in a free North the editor of a newspaper gets up and attempts to make an audience believe that 68,017 men in one State were persuaded in two years to leave the party that was instrumental in securing their freedom. “The right preservative of all rights must and shall be maintained in every part of the United States,” says the sixth plank in the Democratic national platform, 1880. What does it mean?

He charged General Garfield with desertion at Chickamauga, which he did not do.

He charged him with being implicated in the Credit Mobilier, which he was not.

He eulogized Hancock as a soldier and military man, but forgot how his party condemned General Grant for being one four years ago.

He told how the Republicans under Gen. Grant had defrauded the Government, but did not say anything about the Democrats of the South, who make war on the United States Marshals that a Democratic Congress refused to pay.

He closed by appealing to Republicans not to support a Winfield ring, speaking of Mr. Hackney in a light manner; but don’t you forget it, General, the soldier boys will send W. P. Hackney to the State Senate. He is the volunteer’s brother and friend. That scar on his face will admit him to the Senate chamber. He marched, fought, and starved with us, and we will honor him again. He wore the bloody shirt you harp so much about. The thirteen thousand dead who sleep in the pine woods of Georgia near Andersonville, whom your party starved to death, cry out from their neglected graves for us to stand by our comrade and vote for the principles for which they died—only to have their widows and orphans refused an increase of pension by a Democratic Congress, 68 out of 109 voting against it.

It is recorded against your party. VOLUNTEER.



Winfield Courier, October 7, 1880.

The world should know that Spring Creek township and Maple City, its metropolis, still moves on.

Recently I took a trip from Otter township to Salt City, passing through Arkansas City, and took the pains to interview the people pretty thoroughly both ways; and I find them a “Solid South” for Story and Jennings. If the north part of the county does as well, these men will appreciate the position they occupy in the hearts of the people. Prof. Story, they say, is such a wonderful pacificator—using such wisdom and judgment in adjust­ing troubles of whatever kind in the school districts with which he has to do. And “Jennings,” they remark, “is a Solon in law—gentlemanly and affable—just the man for the position he is soon to occupy.”

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1880.

The Floral schools opened Monday. T. J. Floyd and Mrs. Knickerbocker are in charge of the two departments.



Winfield Courier, October 7, 1880.

Albert Edwin Millspaugh was the son of J. W. and Harriet Millspaugh, and was born in Clermont County, Ohio, April 7, 1840. His youth was mostly spent in Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. He pursued a complete course of study in the Academy and a partial course in the Wesleyan College in that town. He taught in Burlington, Iowa, for over four years, occupying the position of principal of one of the public schools. After being compelled to relinquish that position on account of ill health, he traveled two years. At the end of this time he completed his study of the law, which he had been privately pursuing for some years previ­ous. About four years ago he entered upon the practice of his profession as a lawyer in Burlington, Iowa. A few months ago he removed to Winfield and began the practice of law. Before he was fairly settled in his new home he was taken suddenly ill, and after a few week’s sickness, died at his father’s residence in Vernon township. He was married to Miss Irene Shelby in August, 1868. He leaves a widow and four children, the oldest eleven years of age.

Soon after he came to Winfield, he took charge of a class of the larger girls in the Presbyterian Sunday school, and although he had charge of it only a few months and was hindered in this work by poor health, and the many cares incident to settling his family in their new home, he made his influence so felt in the school, and especially in his class, that when his death was announced, all seemed to realize that this event had robbed them of a near friend.

At his funeral his class attended in a body, and each member cast into his grave, as a tribute of affection, a bouquet of flowers.

A large delegation of the bar, of which he was a member, attended his funeral, as well as a great number of personal friends from Winfield and surrounding country. J. E. P.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 13, 1880. Editorial Column.

With reference to Mr. Hackney and the Emporia normal school, which Amos would have the people think was a terrible affair, we will state that Mr. Hackney simply took from the school the public treasury and forced it to look to its land grants and good works for success. Every legislature since then has endorsed his action, and the schools were never in a more prosperous condition than now.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 13, 1880.

There are 210 pupils in attendance in our public school, seven of whom came in from Dexter.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 13, 1880.

The Dexter school, taught by Prof. Phelps last season, has received one of the educational prizes of the Western Fair Association, just held at Bismarck Grove, Lawrence, Kansas, for superior excellence in its work last year.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 13, 1880.

                                                       SCHOOL REPORT.

Report of attendance at the Arkansas City school for the month ending September 29, 1880.

No. in Primary Department:                        71

No in Secondary Department:               41

No. in Intermediate Department:                 51

No. in Advanced Department:               47

Total: 210

Daily average attendance:                    171

Daily average absence:                          39

No. pupils neither absent nor tardy:       48

The irregularity is much greater in the primary and second­ary departments, showing that the pupils are not probably kept out for help or business. If the bad habits of irregularity and want of punctuality begin and are permitted to grow strong in early years, the effect will be felt in after life. The ratio of pupils neither absent nor tardy to the total number is 48 to 210. Should this be satisfactory? Does this way of managing the educational interests seem to be wise? The figures here presented are copied from the school report for September, 1880, which are sent to the county superintendent and compared with reports from other parts of the county. These in turn are compared with county statistics throughout the State. In view of this, would it not be well to exert ourselves somewhat to main­tain a high standard for our schools?

Arkansas City Traveler, October 13, 1880.

Improvement being the order of the day with our school board, let us suggest something that will go very nicely with the new fence soon to be put around the grounds, and which we are sure will meet the approval of every tax-payer. It is this—that a stone sidewalk be laid along that portion of the block fronting on High street, and from the gate to the building.

A neat fence will improve the appearance of our fine school building very much; a four-foot walk along High street, and a six or eight-foot walk from the street to the building, circling from a point in front to either entrance door, would not only add to the beauty of the grounds, but would come nearer placing them on an equality with the building. The tax on each tax-payer would be little or nothing, which would be more than offset by the pride all of us would take in the improved appearance.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1880.

Ira McCommon needed more help on his farm. He secured a young apprentice of  twenty-one years for his board, clothes, and schooling. Ira is well pleased with his bargain and says the boy is the best one he ever had.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 20, 1880.

                                        ADVERTISEMENTS WITHDRAWN.

The advertised meetings for Hon. W. P. Hackney at Shriver’s schoolhouse in Sheridan Township, Moscow in Silver Creek, Churchill’s in Ninnescah, Star Valley, and Harmon’s in Rock, Woolley’s Crooked Creek, and Bonnewell’s in Vernon, Arkansas City, Dexter, and Winfield are withdrawn. He will speak at Dexter on Friday, Oct. 29th, at 7:30 p.m.

                                      O. M. SEWARD, Chairman Rep. Cen. Com.



Winfield Courier, October 21, 1880.

School at this place commenced Monday, with Mr. T. J. Floyd as principal and Mrs. Dr. Knickerbocker as primary teacher. I understand the attendance is good.

We have a new well at our schoolhouse. SIMON.



Winfield Courier, October 21, 1880.

The contract for the building of the new schoolhouse at this place was given to Mr. Welch, of Grouse Creek. Work will begin a short time.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 27, 1880.

Hon. W. P. Hackney and Hon. C. R. Mitchell will hold a meeting at Odessa schoolhouse, Pleasant Valley Township, this evening at 7:30 o’clock. Mr. Mitchell will address the Republi­cans of East Creswell in the Baldwin schoolhouse next Saturday night at the same hour.



Winfield Courier, October 28, 1880.

The city authorities would do a thing that would commend their wisdom and philanthropy to the intelligence and gratitude of the people would they have a large cistern constructed at each school building, that the children and people in the vicinity who are not owners of property might have the benefit of pure drink­ing water. W. T. W.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1880.

Quincy A. Glass has added a splendid line of school books to his stock.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1880.

The professional card of Dr. Green appears in this issue. The Doctor is a brother-in-law of Mr. Blair, city editor of the Telegram, and comes well recommended. He is a graduate of one of the best medical schools in the country.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 10, 1880.

Miss Linnie Peed is teaching school at Udall, in the north­eastern part of the county.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 10, 1880.

Somebody started a rumor Monday afternoon in the neighborhood of the schoolhouse to the effect that one of the horses belong­ing to the Wizard Oil troupe was to walk a rope uptown. So excited became the children over the prospect of such a show that it is said the teachers dismissed school in honor of the event. Good enough for the children.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1880.

It is probable that Professor Gridley, of Oxford, will take care of the grammar department of our schools.



Winfield Courier, November 18, 1880 - Front Page.

The Methodist are holding a protracted meeting at the Richland schoolhouse. The services are conducted by Rev. Wilson, of Douglass.

Dr. Woodruff has contracted to teach a second term of singing school at this place, and has also organized one at Queen Village. He is a number one teacher.

Our schools have an enrollment of about seventy-five pupils.


Winfield Courier, November 18, 1880.

Quite a number of new students are enrolled this year. There are now about 400 in attendance.

Mr. S. C. Higgins, one of Cowley County’s citizens, has moved with his family to this city.

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1880.

The city schools will commence on Monday, Nov. 22nd. The completion of the new buildings will give a First and Second Primary and First and Second Intermediate in each ward. The High School and Grammar Room will be located in the East ward.


Winfield Courier, November 25, 1880.

The Winfield schools are underway with ten rooms occupied and ten teachers, viz:

Mrs. Will B. Caton, first primary, first ward, north room, first floor.

Miss Mary A. Bryant, first primary, second ward, south room, first floor.

Miss Laura Bartlett, second primary, first ward, east room, first floor.

Miss Jennie Melville, second primary, second ward, north room, first floor.

Miss Alice Aldrich, first intermediate, first ward, west room, first floor.

Miss Allie Klingman, first intermediate, second ward, south room, second floor.

Miss Cook, second intermediate, first ward, north room, second floor.

Miss Sarah Hodges, second intermediate, second ward, north room, second floor.

Prof. A. Gridley, Jr., grammar, first ward, east room, second floor.

Prof. E. T. Trimble, high school, first ward, west room, second floor.

The schools will soon be perfectly organized, graded, and in the best working order.

Prof. Trimble is the principal and Prof. Gridley, assistant. Their departments receive pupils from both wards, in the other departments the pupils will attend the schools in their own wards.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 1, 1880.

MARRIED. On Sunday, Nov. 28, 1880, at the Parker school­house, by Judge Gans, Mr. Isaac Fitzpatrick to Mrs. Lizzie Monroe.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 1, 1880.

Mr. Charles Hutchins, teacher at the Stony Point school­house, district 89, furnishes us with the following report of his school for the month of November.

                                                   LISTING NAMES ONLY.

Mary Buzzi, Hattie Harkins, Isabelle Buzzi, Clarence Thompson, Alpha Moore, Dora Bartonia, Bert Moore, Battie Parvin, Maggie Patterson, Geo. Harkins, Fred Harkins, Mary Stevens, John Harkins, Jacob Buzzi, Antonia Buzzi.



Winfield Courier, December 2, 1880.

Mr. I. N. Lemmon rides seven miles to school. He is teach­ing at Queen Village.          



Winfield Courier, December 2, 1880.

Prof. Rounds, of Tisdale, has organized a singing school here. The Prof. is an experienced and efficient teacher.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1880.

The county superintendent is trying to locate and distribute the state fund, some twenty-two hundred dollars, now in the county treasury, but uncalled for by school districts.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 8, 1880.

DIED. A small child, daughter of Mrs. Harris, dress-maker, of Winfield, while going to school last Monday morning, became badly chilled, and though a doctor was summoned, she died during the afternoon.

Winfield Courier, December 9, 1880.

Our city schools are too full for comfort in some departments.

Winfield Courier, December 9, 1880.

A little child of Mr. T. J. Harris was considerably chilled while on the way to school Monday morning. We have been told that there is a rule keeping the doors of the schoolhouse locked until a short time before the opening of school. If there is such a rule, we think it should be suspended during the cold weather, so that the little ones who come early may not have to stand outside until the doors are opened. It might be a serious inconvenience in the discipline of the school, but is one that should be put up with when the health of the children is at stake.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 15, 1880.

                                                          SANTA CLAUS.

Editor Traveler: Father Santa Claus has promised and will positively be present at the Christmas tree to be given at the Parker schoolhouse on Christmas eve, in honor of his presence, in consequence of which the following committees have been appointed.

On Procuring a Tree: Thomas Wright and Albert Beason.

On Arranging the House and Putting Up the Tree: F. M. Vaughn, Jasper Hartsock, Aaron Purdy, Isaac Fitzpatrick.

Receiving Committee: Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Hollister, Mrs. Isaac Fitzpatrick, Mrs. Anna Coryell, Misses Etta Barnett, and Ella Kirkpatrick, Albion Goff, Jerry Tucker, and Martin Maxwell.

Music: Mrs. Emma Murphy, Jennie Gillis, Zadie Parker,  D. M. Hunter.

Committee on Arrangements: Mrs. Murphy, Mrs. Phama Perry, Zadie Parker, John Purdy, D. M. Hunter.

Let everybody turn out and lend a hand. D. M. HUNTER, Secretary.



Winfield Courier, December 16, 1880.

                                         Fowler, (Ind.) Era, P. D. Corkins, Editor.

From Humboldt to Winfield we traveled in the night. The latter place is the county seat of Cowley County, 80 miles west of Independence, and about 250 miles southwest of Kansas City. The town was organized in 1870. Its nearest railroad point then was Emporia, 100 miles to the north, but now two railroads cross here, and it has a population of 3,500, well supplied with churches and other public buildings. The second school building is just completed at a cost of $9,000; the two costing $15,000. There is now in progress of erection a hotel at a cost of $25,000.

The county has a population of 22,000. There are six flourishing little towns within its borders. There are splendid water facilities for manufacturing. Sheep raising is proving remunerative. There are already 80,000 sheep in the county, a woolen mill is being talked of at Winfield, and at no distant day will be in operation. There are 116 school districts in the county and a good schoolhouse in each, beside each town has one or two, making at least 125 schoolhouses. The streams are spanned in many places by good iron bridges, public improvement is well advanced, so that taxes in the future will not be high.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1880.

The school board is making arrangements to fit up the old frame schoolhouse and will employ two more teachers. It seems almost impossible to get school room enough for all the children in Winfield. Two of the school rooms have enrolled over one hundred scholars each and all the others are crowded.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 22, 1880.

School closed last Friday for a vacation of two weeks. A Christmas tree was given for the children’s benefit, and a very enjoyable time was had.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 22, 1880.

DIED. On Saturday last, at the residence of her husband, Mrs. T. J. Rude. Mr. Rude is teaching school in East Centennial district, Silverdale Township, where the sad occurrence


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

Paris Hittle, a boy 15 years old, attending the first ward school, was thrown down in a crowd of scholars one day last week and one of the bones of his arm was broken.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

The meeting of teachers, Saturday, was well attended. Professor Trimble had charge of the class in algebra and physiol­ogy. Superintendent Story had the class in geometry. The exercises were in every way commendable. The opportunity of “going higher” in these studies will be improved by many of our teachers. The query is, why don’t all of them join in this work? Without question physiology will be added to the list of subjects for the examination of teachers, while algebra may become one of those necessary for a first grade certificate. Be this as it may, the teachers who have gone into this course of study and work will grow, while many who do not will get the dry rot. The recitation in primary reading, conducted by Miss Mary Bryant, gave the teachers a clear idea of the best method of beginning reading. The word, the phonic, the sentence, and the alphabet methods can be combined and followed with success. The debate on the compulsory educational law was conducted by Messrs. Hickok and Trimble. The fact was brought out that this law is occasion­ally the means of getting boys and girls into school who would otherwise be out all the time. The next meeting will be January 15, 1881.

Teachers present:  Messrs. Trimble, Gridley, Hickok, Corson, Hutchins, Thompson, Wilson, Beaumont, Armstrong, McKinley and Dickinson; Mrs. Will B. Caton, Misses Bryant, Klingman, Cook, Aldrich, Melville, Dickie, Freeland, Davis, Hunt, Bowman, Kelly, Rounds, Frederick, Dobyns, and McKinley. Several other teachers were in town, but were too busy to attend the meeting. The program for the January session will be review and multiplication in algebra, the first book in geometry, and circulation in physiology. Teachers take hold of this work now.



Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

Cambridge is building a new schoolhouse which is a credit to the enterprising citizens of that town.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1880.

A. L. Crow is teaching school at 109, his first school in Kansas, and both parents and children are well pleased.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1880.

Reb. Alrum Haycraft has arrived from Minnesota, a graduate from college.



Winfield Courier, December 30, 1880.

On last Friday night there was a festival at the new Valley schoolhouse for the purpose of procuring lights and other necessary things. $15.80 was taken in. Later a number went to the residence of G. W. Childers to trip to the music of the violin till the wee, small hours.



Winfield Courier, December 30, 1880.

Mr. and Mrs. Heath paid the New Canton school a pleasant visit on the 17th inst. Also Miss Lottie Walck. Rev. Mr. Snow preaches once each month at the school.

Mr. George Litzenberg (Farmer Doolittle), will lecture at the schoolhouse in the future.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1880.

Owing to the unfinished state of the blackboards in the east ward school building, the city schools get this week added to their vacation.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1880.

Mr. James Lorton returned from attending commercial college in St. Louis last week. James is one of last years graduating class from our high school. He will take a position as assistant book-keeper in the Winfield Bank.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1880.

Vernon township has in successful operation a circulating library. The membership is the payment of slight yearly dues, and all who can contribute a volume. In this way, they have accumulated a nice little library, accessible to any of the members. This is a most commendable enterprise and one that will be of immense good to the community. Every school district in the county might, with little expense, have such a library.



Arkansas City Traveler, January 5, 1881.

                                               A GRAND MASS MEETING

Of the citizens of Arkansas City on Thursday night, January 6, 1881, at the schoolhouse, for the purpose of talking over the projected canal and the subject of bonds. Come one, come all, and let us have a general exchange of views. By Order of the Council.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 5, 1881.

From the Burden Enterprise, we learn that Wendell Williston, once a resident of Silver Creek Township, this county, graduated this year from Yale College, the highest of American colleges, with high honors. He was immediately employed as teacher in that institution with a salary for the first year of $1,500, to be increased to $2,000 the second year. Considering the diffi­culty of graduating from that institution, this is an honor to the State as well as to himself.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 5, 1881.

“A public meeting will be held in the schoolhouse tomorrow (Thursday) evening, at 7 o’clock sharp, the object of which is the discussion of the canal project now pending before the people. Every voter and tax-payer should be on hand, and hear the subject discussed in all its bearings. Already are the papers throughout the State noticing this proposed scheme, and it is everywhere regarded as a step in the right direction. If you have any suggestions or objections to offer on this question, do not fail to attend and give the meeting the benefit of your opinion.



Arkansas City Traveler, January 5, 1881.

                                               SILVERDALE, DEC. 23, 1881.

Christmas has come and gone once more, with the anticipa­tions and pleasures that bring glad hearts to the aged as well as the young. The Christmas tree at the Silverdale schoolhouse was a success in every respect. It was a beautiful cedar, festooned with an almost endless array of popcorn, and was well loaded with presents of every description. One present particularly worth mentioning was the suit of clothes presented to Rev. Phillips by the neighborhood. Rev. Phillips devotes a great deal of his time to the ministry without salary, and it is right that he should be remembered on such occasions.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 5, 1881.

                                               A TOKEN OF FRIENDSHIP.

With Christmas and its festivities come thoughts of friends, present and absent; and the most natural desire is to offer some token of true friendship to those whose memory is cherished. Following the promptings of this desire with a cheerfulness and eagerness which showed how warm and lasting was their friendship for the far-away recipient, a few of the school children of this city raised the necessary sum and purchased that magnificent copy of “The Ancient Mariner,” which was forthwith sent by express to their former tutor, C. H. Sylvester, at Boscobel, Wisconsin. Our friend, Mr. Sylvester, did effective work in his chosen field, educating both heart and mind. While we would much prefer hearing his acknowledgment “by word of mouth,” we take pleasure in publishing the following.

                                     BOSCOBEL, WISCONSIN, Dec. 27, 1880.

Editor Traveler:

Through the columns of your paper I desire to express my sincere thanks for the elegant edition of “The Ancient Mariner” received from Arkansas City friends. I ardently wish that their lives may be as happy as they have made my Christmas. Respectfully yours,

                                                        C. H. SYLVESTER.



Winfield Courier, January 6, 1881

Elder Henninger, Revs. Brown, Lee, and Rupp have conducted services at Beaver Center and the Easterly schoolhouse.



Winfield Courier, January 6, 1881

An immense crowd was at the Christmas tree at Udall school­house. Smith & Green, of this place, furnished the candy for the occasion, their bid being 2-1/2 pounds less than any other. They are both energetic, enterprising young men, and deserve a large share of the patronage in and around Udall.

Winfield Courier, January 6, 1881.

Miss Grace Scovill left Monday to attend school at the Sisters of Bethany College in Topeka.

Winfield Courier, January 6, 1881.

Miss May Manning has been a pupil in the Sisters of Bethany College, Topeka, since last September.

Winfield Courier, January 6, 1881.

Sam E. Davis has left to attend school at the Columbia College, Missouri. He is one of Winfield’s brightest young men, and takes in learning with little effort.

Winfield Courier, January 6, 1881.

The commissioners had several tough school district cases this term. In the cases of districts 6 and 63 the action of the county superintendent was sustained. The matter of districts 1 and 37 was laid over.


Winfield Courier, January 6, 1881.

The following is a summary of the tax levy for the year 1880, as taken from the Clerk’s books, showing the different purposes for which taxes are raised in the county.

School Tax:                                    $27,414.44

School Bond:                                  $11,645.03

Winfield Courier, January 6, 1881.

Christmas Day was a disastrous one for Peter Lipe and family, who live six miles north of Winfield. They went to a neighbor’s to eat their Christmas dinner, and he saw a house on fire which he supposed was the schoolhouse, but on approaching it he found it to be his own house. The building, furniture, and quite an amount of wheat was burned, making a total loss of the property destroyed about $800, on which there was an insurance, with Gilbert, Jarvis & Co., for $200.


Arkansas City Traveler, January 12, 1881.

                                                            THE CANAL.

A mass meeting of our citizens was held in the schoolhouse last Thursday night for the purpose of discussing the merits and demerits of constructing a canal from the Arkansas to the Walnut river. Despite the stinging cold weather, the house was crowded, showing the interest manifested by our people in this import project.


Winfield Courier, January 13, 1881.

The following is a report of the Floral schools for the months ending December 24th, 1880.

                                                     ADVANCED GRADES.

Number enrolled, 35; number of days of attendance, 607; average daily attendance, 30.85. Those having an average of 90 percent, and upwards, in scholarship and deportment were:

Brilla Read, 91

Mary Dalgram, 97

Oliver Craig, 90

Curtis Wright, 91

Etna Dalgram, 99

Helen Wright, 97

James Cottingham, 97

Harry Blair, 93

Mary Mount, 91

Maggie Wright, 96

Johnnie Thirsk, 91

Lewis Dalgram, 92.

Those perfect in deportment were Brilla Read, Mary Dalgram, Etna Dalgram, Helen Wright, James Cottingham, Mary Mount, Harry Blair, Maggie Wright, Willie Holloway, Frank Miller, and Lewis Dalgram.

                                                    T. J. FLOYD, TEACHER.

                                                        PRIMARY GRADE.

Number enrolled, 43, number of days of attendance, 604, average daily attendance, 33.2.

Those having an average of 80 percent, and upwards, in scholarship and deportment were:

Carrie Wright

Mattie Howard

Willie Dalgram

Luther Read

Edith Stone

Those perfect in deportment: Cathie Anderson, Willie Holloway, Rollie Dicken, David Stone, Robert Holloway, and Edith Stone.

                                      HATTIE KNICKERBOCKER, TEACHER.



Winfield Courier, January 13, 1881.

The Holland schoolhouse of district number 10 is located one half mile south of this place and Miss Mattie Mitchell is teaching the young idea how to shoot.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 19, 1881.

                                                   OUR PUBLIC SCHOOL.

Quite an undercurrent of feeling with reference to the public school at this place has been making itself felt for some time past. A number of our citizens are under the impression that the school is not up to so high a standard as they could wish, claiming—and truly—that, with the fine school building, salaries paid, and number of teachers employed, something more than an average district school should result.

In this view we entirely concur, and while we would like to see our school as good as any, if not the best in the county, the fact must not be lost sight of that the proper steps to grade the school, and thus raise it above an ordinary school, have not been taken. However much we may desire improvement and a high grade of studies, as the matter now stands we have just the school we are entitled to. That the late Professor, Mr. Sylvester, main­tained a higher standard, was entirely due to the interest he felt in the work, and a like course pursued by the present incumbent would give universal satisfaction and redound to his advantage, yet we cannot legally claim anything more than we now have—an average district school.

We would suggest that the necessary steps be taken to grade our school in due form without delay, thus enabling our school board to demand a grade of studies that will benefit more ad­vanced students and be more in accordance with other educational facilities afforded by the district.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 19, 1881.

Editor Traveler: In the alley just east of the Central Avenue hotel, which is a thoroughfare for those residing in the northeast portion of the city, and also for the school children, are two dead pigs left to the action of the elements. If in the course of human events the present cold weather should give place to our old-time Italian zephyrs, the offal condition of these defunct porcines, when mortification shall have set in, is anything but cheerful to contemplate. Without touching upon the eminent taste displayed in throwing these pigs in this place, or upon the particularly gratifying spectacle they present to passersby, I would suggest to the unfortunate possessor thereof that he could cover himself all over with glory by simply remov­ing this inanimate pork to “some boundless contiguity of shade” and covering it all over with dirt. Respectfully, READER.

Winfield Courier, January 20, 1881.

A STATE INSTITUTION. In his message to the legislature, the Governor states that there are, according to the census returns, 134 feeble minded or idiotic persons in the State, of whom 66 are under 21 years old; that thus far the State has made no provision for this class of unfortunates; that a school for such is no longer an experiment, but that in other States thousands of such have been brought from this almost hopeless state to a condition that enables them to care for themselves; that they cannot be educated except in an institution especially fitted for the purpose; and that it is the duty of the State to provide such an institution. Seizing upon this recommendation, Senator Hackney has prepared a bill to organize and establish such an institution at Winfield, which provides 1st, that $50,000 be appropriated for the purpose; 2nd, that it shall be located on a healthy site within two miles of the Winfield courthouse, the site to embrace at least twenty acres, with a clear title without expense to the State; 3rd, five commissioners to select the site; and 4th, cause to be prepared full plans and specifications for the building, which shall be three stories high and have capacity to accommo­date two hundred persons; 5th, Cowley stone to be used in the construction.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1881.

                                                    DEBATING SOCIETY.

There will be a meeting at the schoolhouse in this city tomorrow evening, January 27, for the purpose of organizing a debating and literary society. The question for debate will be “Resolved, That the complete triumph of the temperance cause must depend on moral rather than legal suasion.” All who are inter­ested in such an organization are requested to be present. O. PHELPS, C. L. SWARTS, CHAS. HUTCHINS, D. E. ANDERSON.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1881.

There will be a gathering at the schoolhouse tomorrow evening, to complete the organization of a debating society. There is talent enough in this community to ensure the formation of a most interesting and instructive society, and we hope to see this movement succeed. Ladies are requested to attend and take part in the exercises.


Winfield Courier, January 27, 1881.

                                                       BY A NEWCOMER.

The stranger, when he first arrives at Arkansas City, is attracted by two very marked contrasts which at once challenge his thought and sharpen his curiosity. One of these is the school. As matters of general interest to all communities are involved, your correspondent proposes to devote his attention first to this particular view of one of the frontier cities of Kansas.

That wonderful inland city and “metropolis of all the Hoosiers,” Indianapolis, had a citizen who was pre-eminent in all the years of its early growth, in his zeal and success in devel­oping the excellence of its schools. It was Calvin Fletcher, the self-made and astute millionaire of that town, and he used to say that “extra results could only be expected from extra efforts,” and insisted that “no taxation and no toil should be spared to make the public schools of their beloved city excellent and superior, so that intelligent families would rejoicingly make it a home in which to educate their children, in the most thorough manner.

As the newcomer approaches Arkansas City, the existence of some such spirit among its inhabitants is at once suggested. High and commanding stands a spacious building of elegant struc­ture, which the American citizen at once recognizes by its form and location as a graded public schoolhouse. It stands on a gentle elevation overlooking the railway and the river valleys of the Walnut and Arkansas, and although the yard and noble grounds are bare of trees at present, or of a fence, yet the stranger learns with delight that provision was made at the last annual school meeting for an abundant supply of trees for a grove, and a fence to protect it; and that the Arkansas City Traveler warmly advocated this very judicious and benign measure, so that the enlightened spirit of the town press may be counted on in support of the next step of educational progress.

He is gratified too with hearing that within is a choice new library already underway; and a cabinet of natural curiosities and specimens (geological, botanical, and entomological) commenc­ed; also that there is a part already secured of such school apparatus as is used in the favored city schools at the great centers of wealth, population, and culture.

The school is supported, he learns, nine months in the year. The stranger begins to think he will love this people who are so appreciative of the educational needs of the rising generation. Here seems to be the right forces at work. But the inner life and character of all this he has yet to learn. He pauses and ponders. He is not unmindful that there has been and is a great struggle going on in the older states for better methods of instruction; for such training as will best fit for the actual duties of life. For such thoroughness mental discipline as will enable the pupils to be independent thinkers, self-helpful, self-reliant, self-governing.

But the attainment of this excellence in the internal working of the system of instruction is always hindered or delayed by the bitter opposition of those who dislike to be partakers in the necessary toil; by those who prefer ease to progress; by those who crave for flattery and amusement; and white washing, rather than for substantial acquisition.

Which spirit will the newcomer find to be dominant in Arkansas City? He hopes that the external evidences of superior­ity are an index of an enlightened and just understanding of what the internal working should be. But, in this enterprising city, with its evidences of advanced culture, then, that wild-town of fame, far away on the frontier adjoining the Indian Territory, the newcomer asks the following questions.

Is this that outpost of civilization where the red men gather at will from the agencies, and throng upon the streets in their fantastic garments of the savage, and many of whom were recently upon the warpath? Where, sometimes at night, they re-enact their wild revelry of the war dance, and make the darkness resound with such fierce songs as have often been heard by the poor captive awaiting torture and death?

The memories of the bloody past are indeed renewed, by these grim aborigines who have acted their part in the dismal tragedies of border warfare; but it is sublime to see the citizens of Arkansas City serene in conscious safety, and dependent on no army, but secure in the silent strength and majesty of that power of civilization, which surrounds the savage like an atmosphere, and awes the fire in his heart.

The cloud has been lifted, and their chiefs, like the famous Black Hawk, have returned from their visit to their “Great Father” at Washington, impressed and overwhelmed with the vast­ness and resources of our republic and convinced that to rush upon destruction, and to fight it, they might “as well fight with the ocean.”



Winfield Courier, January 27, 1881.

Our friend Enos Harlan is fearful lest the school ma’am’s school expires and she returns to her home before he gets the long studied question asked. C. A. P.



Winfield Courier, January 27, 1881.

Mr. A. L. Crow is teaching the Omnia school.

Winfield Courier, January 27, 1881.

Charles Clayton’s school is still booming.

Winfield Courier, January 27, 1881.

President Welch, of the Emporia Normal School, will lecture on Friday evening, Feb. 4th, at Manning’s Hall. The proceeds of the lecture will be given to the public schools of Winfield for the purchase of apparatus.


Winfield Courier, January 27, 1881.

We would call attention to the statement of A. A. Wiley, and many others state the same, that in the fall of 1879 the whole country of the Indian Territory south of us was burned over. It is well known that the greater part of the prairies of this county were also burned over. The same thing happened in the fall of 1873. Since then there has been no year in which these fires were general in the country about us and southwest of us except the fall of 1879.

The summer of 1874 was our dry season when most of our crops failed and we were surrounded by distress and want. The editor of this paper spent a great deal of time during the fall of 1874 obtaining and comparing information, statistical and otherwise, with regard to all countries which have suffered for want of rain, so far as such information was in his reach. He examined the theories of the writers on physical geography carefully, examined and compiled the facts, and gave the general conclusions to which he arrived in a lecture which he subsequently delivered to the teachers association in this city; to the affect that always in those countries where the ground is well covered with forest or vegetation, whether dry or green, there is always plenty of rainfall, and in countries where dry ground, whether rock, sand, or clay prevails, there is little or no rain; that in a country which is bare one year and covered the next, will be drouth one year and plenty of rainfall the next; and he predicted that for the future of our country in those years following the widest range of prairie fires, there would be the greatest drought; and in those years following least prairie fires, would be most rain.

He reasoned that as there is always during the spring and summer months enough moisture in the vapor of the upper currents, which are always passing over us in a northeast direc­tion from the equatorial seas, to deluge the whole country if rapidly condensed; that as this is the source of nearly all our rainfall, that all other sources are “but as a drop in the bucket!” The vapor in these upper currents must be more or less condensed while passing over us or we can have no rain.

He called attention to the facts that on account of electri­cal and other changes in the atmosphere, there condensations would frequently take place if not prevented by warm air rising into them or the radiation of heat from the earth; that the direct rays of the sun do not heat the atmosphere, nor to any considerable extent ground covered by forests or vegetable matter, but that they do heat bare ground to a very important extent; that the air is only heated by coming in contact with something hot, as heated earth; that hot air rises and warms the vapor laden currents, preventing the chill which condenses the vapors; and that therefore it cannot rain on wide tracts of bare earth except in times of rare and violent convulsions. The predictions he made that year have been verified every year since.

In the fall of 1879, the prairies around us and southwest of us were generally burnt over and the result was very little rain and failure of crops in 1880 following. Since 1879 he has frequently repeated these views in the COURIER.

The outlook is now bright for 1881. The prairies are not yet burned over. Do not let any fire get out this winter and spring if it can possibly be prevented. Do not say it is a mere hobby but act on it if possible this year and see the result.

Winfield Courier, February 3, 1881.

J. E. Perisho has closed his school in district 35.

Winfield Courier, February 3, 1881.

We have just heard that a school teacher was fined by a justice for whipping an unruly and disobedient pupil. The teacher was right, and the J. P. was wrong. The law does allow a reasonable amount of punishment by teachers in order to secure obedience, respect, and diligence. Only when the punishment becomes cruel, does the law interfere.


Winfield Courier, February 3, 1881.

The Richland primary was held at the Richland schoolhouse on Tuesday, January 25th, at 2 o’clock p.m.

Mr. D. C. Stephens was chosen chairman, and L. C. Brown, secretary. After which the following township officers were nominated.

Trustee: H. J. Sanford.

Clerk: J. W. Miller.

Treasurer: L. B. Stone.

Justice of the Peace, North Richland: N. J. Larkin.

Justice of the Peace, South Richland: D. C. Stephens.

Constables: T. D. Givler and S. H. Holloway.

                                                       ROAD OVERSEERS.

1st district: Phillip Stuber.

2nd district: G. G. Barnum.

3rd district: Daniel Maher.

4th district: J. R. Cottingham.

On motion Capt. Stephens was chosen a member of the township committee in place of I. N. Lemmon.

On motion N. J. Larkin and H. J. Sanford were appointed to draft the following resolutions.

Resolved, That our Representative and Senator be instructed to use their influence to cause the repeal of the township election in February, and fix the time for the election of township officers at the general election in November.

Resolved, That we are in favor of taxing dogs, males $1, and females $2.50; and that the proceeds be applied to the county school fund.

Resolved, That the county commissioners should bear in mind that they are the servants of the people, and not the servants of the printer, in awarding the county printing.

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be forwarded to A. B. Lemmon and W. P. Hackney, and also to the Winfield COURIER for publication.

                                                 D. C. STEPHENS, Chairman.

L. C. BROWN, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, February 3, 1881.

The Teachers’s Association met in the high school building Saturday week. Present: Trimble, Hickok, Jewett, Limerick, Bower, Carson, Story; Mrs. W. B. Caton, Misses Melville, Dickie, Bartlett, Kelly, Davis, Cook, West, Frederick, and Bowman.

The work in algebra and physiology was very satisfactory. The time for geometry was too limited for much work.

The next meeting will be held February 12th, when the subjects of division in algebra, respiration in physiology, and the second book in geometry will be reviewed.

Messrs. Trimble, Hickok and Story, and Misses Cook and Melville, reported the following petition and resolutions.

To the honorable members of the Kansas Legislature:

Gentlemen: The undersigned citizens of Cowley County, Kansas, most respectfully ask your attention to the following suggested changes in the school law. We respectfully ask that such changes be made, should they seem in your judgment desirable for the good of the public schools of the state.

1st: That a state certificate and no less than three years work in the public schools be made prerequisite qualifications to the county superintendency.

2nd: That the county superintendent be required to give his entire time to the schools of the county.

3rd: That the township system of schools be substituted for our present district system.

4th: That high grade certificates be clothed with a degree of permanency attainable upon successful work in the school room.

5th: That the annual school meeting be changed from August to June, or to an early day in July.

The third and fifth recommendations drew out considerable debate, but were approved by a majority of the teachers present.

Petitions with these recommendations will be circulated for signatures and then will be sent to the Solons at Topeka.


Winfield Courier, February 3, 1881.


                                       STUDENTS WHO GAVE ADDRESSES.

Anna Orr, Isaac Curfman, Cora Morgan, Ver. David, Rosa Isom, Carrie Orr, Viola McKee, Laura David, George Isom, Albert Curfman, Fred Limbocker, Will Volmer, Harry Limbocker, Fred Volmer, Charley Baird, John Wilson, John Baird, Anna McIntire, Oscar Curfman, Jennie Baird, Mr. Volmer, Ernie McKee, Mary Curfman, Maggie Limbocker.



Winfield Courier, February 3, 1881.

Quite an incident occurred yesterday in one of the rooms of the west side schoolhouse. Miss Melville, one of the teachers, attempted to punish a boy about 14 years of age, when the young offender drew a revolver to defend himself with. The plucky teacher relieved the boy of his weapon on very short notice, and gave him a threshing he probably won’t forget very soon.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 9, 1881

                                                         SKIPPED BY ME:

A long article concerning article in Courier relative to Arkansas City School, in which Mr. Phelps attacked Prof. Sylvester and Arkansas City Citizens re A. C. school.

“Mr. Phelps knows the people are dissatisfied with him, and in attempting to defend himself, he seems to slur Prof. Sylvester, our former principal, and the entire community.”

Article goes on to say that many children have left school, and those old enough to know anything, attend under protest.

Winfield Courier, February 10, 1881.

The school board met Monday evening and appointed J. L. Horning as a member of the school board to fill the vacancy caused by the removal of Frank Jennings out of the city.



Winfield Courier, February 10, 1881.

Spelling-schools, Literaries, prayer-meetings, and church services are flourishing at Beaver Centre and Pleasant Grove.



Winfield Courier, February 10, 1881.

                                  ORCHARD COTTAGE, VERNON, Ks., Feb. 2.

One of the most important subjects of conversation of election day was in regard to the erection of a suitable building by the township for the education of the more advanced scholars in the higher branches. It will probably cost not less than $5,000 or $6,000, which will require a tax of .01 to .015 percent on the dollar for three years to build such a house, for a high school would not make our taxes burdensome, being supported by the township. The project has many warm supporters, and really, with a population of 1,600 and many of our schoolhouses too small to accommodate all the scholars, it is a real necessity and we believe will be built.

Before the election board were done with the count, the members of the Vernon Library Association began to gather. This organization is progressing very rapidly. In about two weeks the members of this society will be prepared to give several exhibi­tions for the benefit of the library.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 16, 1881.

DIED. On Tuesday, February 8, in East Creswell Township, Mrs. Alice Waltman, aged 21 years, 5 months, and 27 days. Funeral services were conducted by Rev. Laverty at the Parker schoolhouse.

Winfield Courier, February 17, 1881.

The next meeting of the county teachers’ association will be March 12. The storm interfered with the meeting Saturday.

Winfield Courier, February 17, 1881.

The Chicago Lumber Company should bring suit against the city of Winfield to recover damages for the injury done the frame building on the corner of Ninth avenue and Fuller street. The windows have been smashed into pieces, while holes here and there have been made in the ends of the house. This work can be traced to the boys who attend school in the east ward, to their shame be it said.



Winfield Courier, February 17, 1881.

Married last Sunday,  at the schoolhouse, immediately after service, by Elder Thomas, Mr. T. L. Dicken and Miss Laura Barris­ter.

Our schools enrolled only 15 pupils last Friday. SIMON.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 23, 1881.

DIED. The funeral sermon of Sarah, wife of W. H. Brown, of Creswell Township, will be preached in the Enterprise schoolhouse on Thursday, March 6, 1881, by Elder Parks.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 23, 1881.

NOTICE. A special meeting of the Library Association will be held at the schoolhouse on Monday, February 28, at 4 o’clock p.m. Those having books belonging to the library will please return them on or before next Friday, so that the librarian can make his report.

                                                  JERRY ADAMS, President.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 23, 1881.

                                                        LOWER GROUSE.

The patrons of school district No. 62 desire to express their thanks to Miss Susie Hunt for the faithful and efficient manner in which she conducted the term of school just closed in the district. We feel amply repaid for the outlay in our school work this winter, are gratified at our teacher’s success, and feel gratified in recommending her to school boards wishing teachers hereafter. J. P. MUSSELMAN.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 23, 1881.

                                 NOTICE OF SPECIAL SCHOOL MEETING.

There will be held a special meeting of the qualified voters of the school district No. 2, Cowley County, Kansas, at the schoolhouse on Saturday, March 5, 1881, at 2 p.m. to decide by vote as to whether a graded school shall be established according to law in said district; and if said vote shall be for the establishing of such a school, at the same time and place to elect a director, clerk, and treasurer to act in behalf of the district until the annual school meeting for graded schools, which is held the last Wednesday of June.

By order of the Board. LEANDER FINLEY, Clerk.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 23, 1881.

Portion of letter from “Fair Play” re Mr. Phelps, head teacher at the Arkansas City Public School: “There is something terribly rotten in the state of Denmark, nor can it be argued away. Mr. Phelps cannot control the pupils by telling them that he taught school before some other teacher was born. He is not to blame, nor can he take unto himself much credit, for the very unfortunate accident of his birth at a date remote from this generation, and such a statement is as devoid of sense as was his charming scheme of presenting hair-ribbons to the girls and chromos to the boys to obtain their signatures to a paper setting forth that they were perfectly satisfied with the school. . . .”




Winfield Courier, February 24, 1881.

The school board have adopted a rule to prohibit the use of tobacco in the schoolhouse at all times.


Winfield Courier, February 24, 1881.

                                                   LISTING NAMES ONLY.

Jackson Burdette, Howard Fawcett, Elmer Million, Florence Goodwin, Hattie Laplin, Lucy Hite, Frank Gamel, Charlie Truesdell, Lewis Whiteside, Ida Black, Lennie Laplin, Geo. Million, Mattie Truesdell, Robert Alfont, Arthur Hockett, Willie Bryan, Alma Elliott, Willie Darst, Libbie Hutchinson, Metta Merydith, John Hite, Fannie McDorman, Belle Nichols, L. J. Bibler, Kinney Hines, D. Allison, Marshal Million, Oliver Nichols, Clara Church, Nellie Merydith, Augusta Bibler. NELLIE M. ALDRICH, Teacher.


Winfield Courier, March 3, 1881.

Leavenworth Times: The apportionment of the state school fund to the various counties of the state has just been made, the amount paid out being 35 cents per capita; i.e., 35 cents per child. Cowley County, with 7,454 children, receives $2,608.

Winfield Courier, March 3, 1881.

The county treasurer received the State school fund for Cowley County Tuesday, amounting to $2,608.90, being 35 cents per scholar. The superintendent will have the fund ready for distri­bution in a few days.

Winfield Courier, March 3, 1881.

Cambridge is building a new schoolhouse.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 9, 1881.

At the school meeting last Saturday, the vote on establish­ing a graded school in this city was almost unanimous. The new board elected are Messrs. A. C. Williams, director; William Benedict, clerk; and P. F. Endicott, treasurer—all thorough gentlemen and upright men. It is not the board we advocated, but if they will bring our school up to the standard desired and required, we will rest content.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 9, 1881.

On next Tuesday evening there will be an oyster supper at the residence of Mr. John W. Brown, directly west of town, in Bolton Township. The supper is given for the benefit of the music class at Guthrie’s schoolhouse, who desire another term of instruction and take this means of realizing a few dollars toward paying the necessary expenses. A good time is guaranteed, and at the remarkably low price of admission (fifty cents per couple), they should be favored with a liberal patronage.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 9, 1881.

In the list of Cowley County school teachers, we do not notice the name of Miss May Benedict. This young lady passed a very creditable examination, and received a “C” grade certifi­cate, which she now has in her possession, and has already partially engaged to teach the Estus school, in Silverdale Township. [List was published in the Democrat.]



Arkansas City Traveler, March 9, 1881.

Our school at Enterprise, governed by Miss Maxwell, closed last Friday.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 9, 1881.

Notice is hereby given that the school board of District No. 2, Arkansas City, have designated Saturday, March 19, as a day for the assembling of all persons interested in ornamenting our school grounds by planting forest trees and such other shrubbery therein as may be suitable. WM. F. BENEDICT, Clerk.

Winfield Courier, March 10, 1881.

There have been 122 schools in session in Cowley County this winter.

Winfield Courier, March 10, 1881.

The Arkansas City schoolhouse is to have a new fence and to be surrounded with trees. There are several verdant sprouts in that vicinity which need planting, and who would flourish under the shadow of an institution of learning.

Winfield Courier, March 10, 1881.

Recently a gentleman contributed several excellent articles to the COURIER from Arkansas City. They were of a local charac­ter, but were sound, sensible, and tended to harmonize and allay the factional feeling which exists in that community in regard to school matters. Upon their publication, a correspondent of the Traveler made a fierce onslaught on Prof. Phelps, the principal of their schools, as being the author. The correspondent jumped at his conclusion, but the authorship of those articles would have been creditable even to that classical (and apparently Biblical) Traveler correspondent.

We do not know the correspondent, but we do know and esteem Mr. Phelps. We know him to be a gentleman of rare natural gifts, a thorough scholar, and a faithful worker. He has had years of experience in school matters, and has the hearty endorsement of our county superinten­dent: more, perhaps, than the Traveler correspondent can boast of. The criticism was evidently written in a petty spirit of vindictiveness, without any real desire for the advancement of the school, and by one who apparently knew nothing of how a school should be conducted. It appears that the people sustain Mr. Phelps. . . .



Winfield Courier, March 10, 1881.

This school district is the third in wealth in Cowley. There is over twenty-five thousand dollars worth of taxable railroad property in the district, besides a few of the wealthi­est men in Southern Kansas. If you desire to locate in a town to educate your children, you can find no better inducements than are offered at this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 16, 1881.

The Stock Protective Union will meet in Bland’s schoolhouse, in Bolton township, on the last Saturday in March, at early candle light, for the transaction of important business.

                                                      AL. MOWRY, Captain.



Winfield Courier, March 17, 1881.

“Hon. Allen B. Lemmon, of Cowley County, representing the eighty-eighth district, is one of the many bright young men Cowley County has given to the state, and one, too, who has made his way upward by his own efforts. Mr. Lemmon was twice elected to the superintendency of the state schools and as such officer made a record which do him good service in after life. The school system of the state was benefitted by his supervision and stands higher in the estimation of the country than ever before. As a legislator Mr. Lemmon did good service, being familiar with the rules of parliamentary practice, a good talker, and a clear headed thinker; earnest in his advocacy of any measure or deter­mined in his opposition to it, he wins respect for the honesty of his convictions and singleness of purpose.”


Winfield Courier, March 17, 1881.

The Republicans of the First Ward of the city of Winfield will meet in convention at the Courthouse, on Saturday evening, March 19th, 1881, at 7 o’clock sharp, for the purpose of nominat­ing a candidate for member of the School Board and of Councilman, and a Republican Committee of three for said ward and thirteen delegates to attend a City Convention on the 27th of March, 1881, to place a full Republican city ticket in the field.

                                W. J. WILSON, R. R. CONKLIN, For Committee.