[PART ONE: 1871 THROUGH 1878.]



                                            [Reference to School in Winfield.]

Cowley County Censor, July 1, 1871.

THE SCHOOL. We congratulate the people of this place on the success of the school in the room below our office. The teacher, Miss Bliss, brings experience and rare ability to her position, and discharges her duties with the utmost fidelity. The County and District School Officers express their entire satisfaction with the progress which the school is making.

Cowley County Censor, October 21, 1871.

NOTICE TO TEACHERS: There will be a teacher’s examination on Thursday, the 12th inst. E. P. HICKOK, Co. Supt.


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Winfield Messenger, Friday, March 15, 1872.

Cowley County is divided into convenient school districts and in all or nearly all of them good schoolhouses are in process of erection. The settlers of this county believe in schools and show a determination that the young Cowleyites shall have the means of good education within their reach.

                                           School Districts in Cowley County.

Winfield Messenger, June 28, 1872.

There are now seventy-five school districts established in this county, thirty of which have schools in successful opera­tion. Eighteen months ago the county contained nothing of the kind.

       E. P. Hickok, County Superintendent of Schools, Also Becomes District Clerk.

Winfield Messenger, August 16, 1872.

We understand that E. P. Hickok, our efficient District Clerk, will be a candidate for reelection. Mr. Hickok has the ability for the position, as the past two years have proven.

Excerpts from meeting...

Winfield Messenger, August 16, 1872.

                                                Commissioners Proceedings.

Board of County Commissioners met in County Clerk’s office, pursuant to adjournment. Present: Frank Cox, O. C. Smith, and J. D. Maurer.

The following bills were allowed.

One in favor of E. P. Hickok, District Clerk, $32.30

One in favor of E. P. Hickok, District Clerk, $4.85

                                              Public Schools, Cowley County.

Winfield Messenger, August 16, 1872.

Mr. Editor: Will you allow me space to say a few words of interest to the friends of public school in our county?

Last year, through two failures, one to have our whole county districted and the other to secure annual reports from the districts that had been formed, our county lost more than two thousand dollars that should have been secured and spent for the benefit of popular education in our midst. In my mind there is no doubt that every inch of territory in our borders should be attached to some district, and that public funds should be drawn for everyone of school age in the county. Last year school laws could not be procured, in many cases clerks did not learn their duties till too late, our county superintendent “could not afford for three dollars a day in county scrip” to ride all over the county and inform clerks of their duties, and collect reports, and as a result of such a combination of circumstances the above loss to the county was the result.

I understand that some parts of the county are not yet districted but as a citizen of the county and one who feels a deep interest in the welfare of her public schools, let me ask that full and complete reports be made this fall. Let us secure all the funds which are our due, and when secured, use them for the advancement of popular education in our county.

In conversation with Mr. Hickok, our county Supt. some time ago, he gave it as his opinion and as he thought that of the State Superintendent that no district would be entitled to a share of public funds unless it had maintained a public school three months previous to the first of September next. By refer­ring to page 4, Sec. 11, of the New School Law, you will see that it is Prof. McCarty’s opinion that districts which maintained their schools previous to January 1st are entitled to a share of the funds. Then let me urge every district in the county, in which there has not yet been a school, to see to it that one is put in operation previous to Oct. 1st, and all will be well.

Let us establish at once and maintain in our county a system of public schools that shall be a source of pride to all of us. It will take time and money to do this but the ends to be attained will more than compensate for the expense incurred. ALLEN B. LEMMON.

Aug. 13th, 1872.

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Winfield Messenger, August 30, 1872.


Convention proceeded to ballot for the following officers.

                     District Clerk: James Kelly 35, E. P. Hickok 19; W. W. Walton 12.

Supt. of Public Instruction: T. A. Wilkinson 38, J. B. Parmelee 25; S. W. Greer 3.

Excerpts from meeting...

Winfield Messenger, September 20, 1872.

Board of County Commissioners met in adjourned session in County Clerk’s office, September 16th, 1872. Present: Frank Cox and J. D. Maurer. Proceeded to levy the tax for assessment year ago. Ordered that a county tax of one mill on the dollar levied on the Township of Vernon as a Township tax; also of one and one half for Dexter Township; also one and one half for Beaver Township; Richland, two mills, Bolton, two mills; Windsor, one; Cedar, one mill; Creswell, one mill, Posey Creek one and one half; Pleasant Valley, one mill, Nenescah, two mills; Silver Creek, two mills; and Tisdale, two mills.

And, also to meet the interest and principal on school bonds. The following was levied in the following named school districts:

District No. 1, 3-1/2 mills; No. 7, 27 mills; No. 9, 25 mills; No. 10, 26 mills; No. 12, 6 mills; No. 14, 11 mills; No. 15, 19 mills; No. 20, 27 mills; No. 21, 33 mills; No. 25, 18 mills; No. 26, ___ mills; No. 37, 5 mills; No. 49, 9 mills; No. 14, ____ mills; No. 42, 9 mills; No. 45, 9 mills; No. 46, 32 mills; No. 49, ____ mills.

The case of school district No. 30, on appeal from Septem­ber, was then taken up and confirmed.

                                              Winfield Public School Building.

Winfield Messenger, October 4, 1872.

The Winfield public school building is nearly completed, and is as large again as any school building in the county. It will be completed in time for the first term of the winter school. There will be a great many pupils from other districts here to attend during the winter.



Winfield Messenger, Friday, October 11, 1872. Front Page.

Results of informal ballot for District Clerk: J. E. Dunn received 19, Mr. Boutwell 10, Kerns 2. A formal ballot was then taken, which gave 22 for Dunn and 13 for Boutwell. On motion of Mr. Boutwell, J. E. Dunn was nominated by acclamation.

SUPT. PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. Dr. D. N. Egbert was nominated by acclamation.

Winfield Messenger, October 11, 1872.

J. M. Smiley has gone to Werden’s district to build a schoolhouse. We wish the district success in their undertaking.


Winfield Messenger, October 18, 1872.

                                                      THE CANDIDATES.

The candidates for the various offices to be filled this fall are now before the public.

James Kelly has received encomiums both at home and abroad in regard to his fitness for the position of Clerk of the Dis­trict Court. Mr. T. A. Wilkinson, candidate for Superintendent of Public Instruction, is one of the leading educators of the county.

                                                        Teachers’ Institute.

Winfield Messenger, October 18, 1872.

The Teachers’ Institute will be held in this city on the 22nd inst. Let every teacher and friend of education in the county be present.

Winfield Messenger, October 18, 1872.

The schoolhouse is plastered.

Winfield Messenger, October 25, 1872.

                                                                 A Query.

Editor of the Messenger:

I learn that our worthy County Superintendent Hickok was allowed by our county board for seventy days work as Superinten­dent in the last quarter. There were seventy-nine working days in the quarter ending 30th of September. At least twelve days in July were occupied personally by the Superintendent as District Clerk, for he is the District Clerk and Superintendent. Does anyone believe that he spent one-half the sixty-seven days that the court was not in session in his superintendent capacity? If our board of county commissioners go on in this way, our taxes will soon become grievous. The bill for those seventy days allowed was $210. INDIGENCE.

Winfield Messenger, October 25, 1872.

The citizens of school district No. 50 have as fine a schoolhouse as there is in the county—the workmanship of Randall & Smiley of this city.

                                       Public Examination of School Teachers.

Winfield Messenger, November 1, 1872. Front Page.

Public examination of school teachers will be held at my office in Winfield, on Saturday, the 18th day of November, at 10 o’clock, A. M., and on the first Saturday of each month thereaf­ter until further notice.

                        E. P. Hickok, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Cowley Co.


Winfield Courier, Saturday, January 11, 1873.

Board of County Commissioners met in County Clerk’s Office, January 6th, 1873.

Present, Frank Cox and J. D. Maurer.

Petition of S. E. Burger asking that 9 mills of his school tax be abated, was presented and rejected.

Winfield Courier, Saturday, January 18, 1873. [Editorial.]

A thoroughly graded school, under the supervision of Rev. Parmelee and assistant, is being taught in the elegant two-story stone school-house. Citizens point with no small degree of pride to their facilities for giving the young a foundation on which to build a useful knowledge.

Sections sixteen and thirty-six of every congressional township are set aside for school purposes and when sold to settlers, creates a fund to aid in the advancement of the school interests of the state.

Winfield Courier, Saturday, January 25, 1873.

Writing School. The writing school in the new schoolhouse, under the supervision of J. M. Read, is doing well. An average attendance of twenty scholars, who are improving rapidly.


Winfield Courier, Saturday, February 1, 1873.

We clip the following interesting items from the Arkansas City Traveler of the 29th.

“The interest is due on the school bonds, in this county, and there is not enough collected to pay it.”

“Had it not been for the interest manifested by E. B. Kager, in the welfare of the people of this county, the ten percent penalty would have been slowly added. While at Topeka he suc­ceeded in obtaining a respite from the State Treasurer until February 1st, after which the penalty must be paid.”

Winfield Courier, February 1, 1873.

                                                         TO TAXPAYERS.

                                        WINFIELD, KANSAS, Jan. 28th, 1873.

I have seen a number of statements in regard to the taxes of our county and in justice to taxpayers I would make the following statements:

Amount of tax levied for all purposes         $32,277.19

Amount outstanding Co. warrant to date           20,026.77

Amount state tax                                                8,343.45

Amount county tax                                      11,778.99

Amount township tax for the county                    1,002.46

Amount school district tax for county           11,557.70

I would say in regard to the amount of county orders that the County Commissioners levied a tax last September to meet all outstanding county orders at that time, since which time a large amount of county warrants have been issued.

                                               A. A. JACKSON, County Clerk.

Winfield Courier, Saturday, February 1, 1873.

                                                         School Examination.

There will be a Teacher’s Examination held at Winfield on Saturday, February 8th, at the office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction.

Winfield Courier, Saturday, February 1, 1873.

                                                          Teacher’s Report.

To the Clerk of Public School Board of Winfield, Kansas, for the month ending Jan. 25th, 1873.

Whole number enrolled, 104.

                                                  PRIMARY DEPARTMENT.

Average daily attendance, 31.

Present every day: Mary Cochran, Alice Johnson, Ettie Johnson, Cora Kenworthy, M. Virginia Weathers, Oscar Cochran, Edmond Cochran, L. Frank Freeland, Richie Mansfield, Willie J. McClellan, Willie S. Tarrant.

The first month was largely employed in correcting—in mind and habit—the heterogeneous mass gathered from all quarters, north, east, and south, and adjusting the same to the teacher’s standard of propriety.

At first, many of the pupils were disposed to indolence, and some to positive rebellion. The latter trouble has mainly disappeared, and many of those afflicted with the former disease exhibit symptoms of convalescence. Not being able to make an inspiring report for the first month, we concluded to pass it in silence.

The last month has been encouraging; our hopes are now buoyant; and while ideal excellence has been reached by few, if indeed any, yet we think it proper, as to loyalty, and commend­able efforts toward perfect lessons, to report the following Roll of Honor:

Cora Bullene, Mollie Bodwell, Florence Bickel, Emma Howland, Alice Hill, Alice Johnson, Ettie Johnson, Ida J. Johnston, Virginia Weathers, Annie Kochler [Koehler ?], Ruth Kenworthy, Cora Kenworthy, Mary S. Knowles, Emma Knowles, Lutie Newman, Edmond Cochran, Harrison Hellman, Phillip Kochler, [Names hard to read/last few lines missing.]

BEGINS AGAIN ON NEXT COLUMN...Thomas Lowry, Marshal Land, John N. Likowski, Michael McDonnell, Amos Smiley [? Smithy ?].

                                                           UPPER ROOM.

Average daily attendance, 31.

Present every day. Ella Freeland, Lydia A. Kenworthy, Mary L. Koehler, Jessie Millington, Annie Newman, R. W. Dever, I. E. Johnson, H. E. Likowski, Walter A. Lewis, Harold H. Mansfield, O. Orlando Menor, W. D. Menor, Richard S. Whitaker, Charles E. Weathers.

Roll of Honor. Cora E. Andrews, Luella Blandin, M. Callie Blandin, Adida V. Boucher, P. Nellie Covert, C. Louis Crapster, F. Ella Freeland, Lydia A. Kenworthy, Mary L. Koehler, Jessie Millington, Anna Newman, Nettie C. Quarles, Ida B. Weir, R. Nellie Wiggan, Fred C. Hunt, Frank E. Howard, Frank A. Howland, I. Ernest Johnson, H. Eddie Likowski, Wm. Dean Menor, Holiday H. Menor, O. Orlando Menor, Harold H. Mansfield, Addison F. Powers, Charles E. Weathers.

Future reports will be shaped by the following schedule:

No half days absent. No times tardy. Attendance. Deport­ment. Scholarship. Geography, Grammar, Arithmetic, Spelling, Reading, and Punctuation, History, and Penmanship.

Average scholarship. Standing Perfect, 100.

                                J. B. PARMELEE, Miss E. A. TUCKER,  Teachers.

Winfield Courier, February 15, 1873.


From the late report of the department of public instruc­tion, we find that in the year 1861 there were 12 counties reporting and in 1872 sixty counties contributed a report. The whole number of children of school age in 1861, 4,901; in 1872 the increase in population had been so great as to swell the number to 165,982.

The school property of Cowley County, including buildings and grounds, furniture, and apparatus, is estimated to be worth $22,500.00, fifteen of the sixteen schoolhouses in the county having been built during the past year, on a bonded indebtedness of $30,000.00, now outstanding. Yet with all this the number of children attending school is very small compared with the number in the county of suitable age. With 2,478 persons between the ages of five and twenty-one years, our school books exhibit an enrollment of 621 with an average daily attendance of 120 for the year 1872.

This does not add any luster to the fame we have claimed for Southern Kansas in educational matters nor does it reflect any praise upon the parents of the many children in the county who have labored unceasingly for the advancement of learning, but who have undoubtedly failed to take advantage of the privileges obtained by themselves at a heavy expense in taxes, etc.

The average daily attendance should be 80 percent of the entire enrollment. . . .

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Winfield Courier, February 15, 1873.

                               Correspondence from “Resident” - Silver Creek.

                     SILVER CREEK, COWLEY CO., KANS., February 13th, 1873.

EDITOR COURIER: I take the liberty to drop you a few lines from this part of our county (Silver Creek), as your paper is the medium of news for Cowley County.

I read in your last issue a letter from the west part of our county, School District No. 61, telling us of the completion of a good schoolhouse in their district, which news I was glad to hear, and for the encouragement of others, I will state that, we too, in School District No. 40, have erected a commodious schoolhouse and furnished it with the Gothic School Desks, sold by Messrs. Close & Greer, of your place. We think that our house is the best in the county.

While on the subject, I say that I for one believe that the more bonds voted to erect schoolhouses, the better for our county and country.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 20, 1873.

THE CALL for a county Institute will be the ushering in of a new era in our public schools. They have been pronounced by the facilities where they are regularly held as the most instructive and beneficial meetings in school interests. The interchange of ideas respecting government and the best way of instructing the “young idea how to shoot,” will be freely discussed, while the teachers in becoming acquainted, will then act in concert and be strengthened by each other’s experience.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 20, 1873.

Public Notice. The County Superintendent, after consulting with the Board of Examiners, wishes to announce that it has been decided to hold a Teachers’ Institute and Examination at Winfield, sometime during the month of April. All teachers who at that time shall be engaged in teaching, or who expect to during the year, are requested to be present and take an active part in such Institute. The definite time of holding such Institute, a programme of exercises, and the preliminary arrange­ments, will be published in due time.

There will be no more special examinations until the time of holding such Institute.

                                  T. A. WILKINSON, Co. Supt. Public Instruction.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 20, 1873.

                                                           Church Directory.

CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. Rev. J. B. Parmelee, Pastor. Services in the M. E. church each alternate Sabbath with their minister.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 6, 1873.


The entertainment announced for Vernon School House is indefinitely postponed on account of sickness and absence of participants. The completest arrangements had been made for an enjoyable literary feast, and the delay will be a disappointment to all who expected to attend.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 13, 1873.

                                          FLORAL, Cowley Co., Mar. 10, 1873.

Last October the undersigned landed in Cowley County, and took a claim in Richland township, twelve miles northeast of Winfield.

Before coming here I had been induced to believe that this part of Kansas had been settled, to a very great extent, with a rough class of western pioneers, such as generally follow in the wake of the retreating Red man and buffalo. But never was a man possessed of a more erroneous idea. I have had unusual facili­ties this winter of observing the character and habits of the citizens of a good portion of the county, and I am compelled to say that I have never met with a more agreeable, honest, sober, and intelligent class of people in any country, old or new. And considering the length of time that the country has been open for settlement, the progress made in improvements is entirely beyond precedent. Why, in many places, especially in the valleys, it begins to look like an old country—good houses, barns, and farms.

But the most commendable feature in the line of improvements is the splendid schoolhouses being erected, or already complet­ed, all over the country. Old Fogy may dwell among such an enterprising people, but he must of necessity occupy a back seat.

I had the pleasure of being present at two exhibitions given at the Darien schoolhouse on the Walnut Valley, Feb. 28th and March 5th—at the close of the first term taught in the house—C. L. Rood, teacher. The house although an unusually large one, was crowded early the first evening to overflowing, and quite a number came who were unable to gain admittance. The exhibition was an entire success in every particular. The selections were good and well performed. The essays, and a newspaper gotten up by the students, were such as would do credit to any community. We could not help noticing throughout the performance a tendency among the young lady performers to give the old bachelors a thrust at every available opportunity; that’s a commendable spirit. In fact, I think it would be a good thing for the community to put all the old bachelors up at auction and sell them to the highest maiden bidder, such a proceeding might be a benefit to your humble servant.

But to resume my narrative. Perhaps the most noticeable feature in the entertainment was the music which consisted of both vocal and instrumental—the instruments were an organ, and one tenor and one bass viol. The violin was played by a musician from the vicinity of Dutch Creek, the bass by Mr. Palmer of Winfield. The accompaniment was played by Miss Emma Leffingwell, a member of the school. Miss Leffingwell certainly possesses rare musical talents, and is in a fair way of becoming a great organist.

The second exhibition was given in aid of the school, 20 cents admission, and consisted of almost an entirely new programme. The house was well filled but not so badly crowded as at the first, if not more so. Instrumental music same except that Mr. Palmer was not present. Had some excellent songs sung by Mrs. C. L. Rood, Miss E. Leffingwell, Miss Ida Davis, and Miss Mary Akers. But the feature of the last exhibition was the “String-bean-Band”—we think that Barnum would do well to employ that set of minstrels to travel with his new show next summer. Mr. C. L. Rood is certainly entitled to great praise for the able manner in which he conducted the exhibitions.

I cannot help expressing here my sincere thanks for the kind and hospitable manner in which your correspondent, though a total stranger, was entertained during the exhibitions by Mr. Wm. Grow and his amiable mother, who live in the vicinity of the school­house. Mr. Grow possesses a fine farm and residence, and how he can live a bachelor life among all those blooming maidens that abound in the Walnut Valley, is entirely beyond our comprehension. W. H. S.

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Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 13, 1873.

                                               ROCK, Kans., March 7th, 1873.

School District No. 25, known as the Darien District, had a finished schoolhouse early enough to have a winter term of school, taught by Mr. C. L. Rood, an experienced teacher, formerly of Kalamazoo, Michigan. The school closed the 28th of February. . . . W. H. G.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 20, 1873.


Charles Williston, J. B. Parmelee, Mrs. Bostwick, Mrs. J. C. Graham, J. B. Fairbank, Prof. Wilson, Prof. E. P. Hickok, Mrs. N. J. Ferguson, Prof. L. B. Kellogg, Mrs. Mina Hawkins, Prof. H. B. Norton, H. H. Martin, C. L. Rood, J. W. Cowgill, Alexander Limerick, Mrs. Bostwick, Miss Helen Parmelee, Miss Lizzie Swarts.

Efforts are being made to secure the presence of our State Superintendent, H. D. McCarty. T. A. WILKINSON, Co. Superintendent.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 20, 1873.

J. C. Fuller, of the Winfield Bank, pays highest market price for School Bonds.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 10, 1873.

                                        DEXTER, KANSAS, March 27th, 1873.

Today our winter term of school closed. It is the first school taught in our new schoolhouse, and a six months term. The teacher, Mr. S. F. Overman, has been very successful in his efforts to teach the “young ideas how to shoot,” and has fairly won the good opinion of all the parents and guardians, whose children have been committed to his care. Quite a number of the friends of the school dropped in to witness the closing exercis­es. No extensive preparation had been made, and no particular programme marked out.

Mentioned as participating in exercises: Miss Mellie Hightower, Miss Lebia Laplin, Miss Ella Rice. Prizes were given to three of the pupils: Miss Mellie Hightower, Miss Laura Elliott, and Miss Maggie Graham.

The school was dismissed by T. R. Bryan, School Director for the District. D. C.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 10, 1873.

Through Superintendent Wilkinson’s efforts, Winfield was honored with the location of the Teachers Institute.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 10, 1873.

Mr. D. A. Millington will lecture before the teachers of the Institute on Wednesday evening next on the subject of “Astronomy.”


Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 17, 1873.

The Teacher’s Institute of the 13th Judicial District, convened at the Academy in Winfield, on the evening of the 15th. Superintendent Wilkinson was chosen chairman, and Mr. Walton, secretary.

The room was quite full; most of whom were citizens of Winfield. The attendance of teachers was not very full on account of the inclemency of the weather. The chairman stated that Mr. Parmelee, who was expected to lecture to the meeting, was unable to do so.

Participants: Prof. Felter, author of Felter’s arithmetic, sent by State Superintendent McCarty; Major Durrow; Mr. Fairbank.

The following is a list of the names of Teachers present from abroad, who are in attendance at the Institute.

David Coon, of Douglass, Butler County; J. C. Fetterman, of El Dorado, Butler County; S. A. Felter, Assistant State Superin­tendent of Public Instruction; Ida Myres, of Augusta, Butler County; H. C. Snyder of Augusta, Butler County; John Tucker, County Superintendent of Public Instruction of Sedgwick County; Mrs. S. E. Dunhan, of Sumner County; Maj. D. W. Durrow, of Junction City.

The following is a representation of our own county.

Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Hickok, Miss Tucker, Ira D. Kellogg, S. W. Greer, Effa Randle, Mrs. W. D. Roberts, Miss Graham, Miss Mollie Bryant, and Maj. J. B. Fairbank, of Winfield; T. A. Wilkinson, County Superintendent of Public Instruction of Cowley County; Misses Hawkins and Worden, of Vernon Township; Miss Ida Daggett, of Floral Township; Mrs. W. E. Bostwick, of Winfield Township.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 17, 1873.

At the Meeting of the School Board today, it was decided that the Winfield schoolhouse should not be used for any other than educational purposes.

The above decision does not affect the promise given to the Congregational Church for their next sociable. D. N. EGBERT, Jr., Dist. Clerk. Winfield, April 10, 1873.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 17, 1873.

School will begin again next Monday. Rev. Parmelee and Miss Tucker, teachers.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 1, 1873.

Last Thursday Evening we had the pleasure of attending a social party at the Queen Village schoolhouse, on Timber Creek. The music was furnished by Sumner & Craine, and of course was first class. Proceeds went to help furnish the schoolhouse, which, by the way, is a model country schoolhouse, to erect which, the district voted, we believe, some $500 in bonds, and it would be safe to say that no house like it has been built in the county for the same amount of money. The work was done by Thomas Hart and Henry Mount.

[Note: May 1 and May 8 editions devoted first page to a lecture on astronomy by D. A. Millington before the Teachers’ Institute held at Winfield April 22, 1873.]

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Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 8, 1873. [From the Atchison Champion.]

Some idea of the interest they take in educational matters may be obtained from the number of schoolhouses they have built within three or four years. Thirty-five are finished, and three are in course of construction; of these thirty-eight, thirty-seven have been and will be—as soon as completed—furnished with the patent gothic desks, and seats to correspond. There are also to be from thirty to forty additional houses built in the county the present season.

                                                   Winfield School Building.

A rock school building, forty feet square and two stories, with basement, has been erected by the good people of Winfield. The furniture is of the best manufacture and latest improvements. The building will be heated by a furnace. The structure was finished in October last, at a cost of $5,000. The Teachers’ Association of the Thirteenth Judicial District—embracing six counties—was held in this building last week, closing on Friday the 18th inst. Assistant State Superintendent Felter was in attendance and greatly pleased the people, and all who attended were delighted with the exercises.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 15, 1873.

EDITOR COURIER: Upon last Wednesday, we accepted the invitation of a friend to visit your schools. We first called at Miss Tucker’s room, and found that very amiable lady busy with the usual routine of business connected with the school room. Miss Tucker has charge of the primary department, and is certain­ly well adapted to the position assigned her. Her room is well filled with scholars; in fact, she has more than any one teacher should have in charge. The average daily attendance for the present term is nearly fifty pupils. I scarcely ever saw a brighter assemblage of little folks than is here gathered togeth­er in the school room.

Prof. Parmelee’s room is on the second floor. His room is not so well filled, but is composed of the more advanced pupils. Mr. Parmelee is perfectly at home in the school room, and rules with ease and dignity. His illustrations are full and concise. I must say that I was not a little surprised to see so few advanced pupils attending school, yet there is large daily attendance, and under its worthy management our educational interests must certainly prosper. Yours Respectfully, DE KN.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 15, 1873.

C. C. Harris, Esq., one of the farmer boys of school district No. 21, and a member of the recently organized “Grange” of that district, came in Tuesday morning and subscribed for the COURIER.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 15, 1873.

We were shown a set of seats and desks for Schoolhouse No. 48, that were the neatest and most complete we have seen yet. They are stronger and much more convenient than the other patents we have seen, and the officers of Schools should look at them before they purchase any other as they are much cheaper. Messrs. Rice & Ray are the builders, and are worthy of the patronage of the public as they are good workmen and will give satisfaction.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 5, 1873.

There will be a special examination of teachers held at Winfield on Saturday, June 14, 1873. T. A. WILKINSON, County Supt.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 12, 1873.

C. L. Rood, of Darien, gave us a friendly call. Mr. Rood stands second to none in the role of school teachers in our county.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 26, 1873.

A picnic was held at Stansbury’s Grove on the Walnut River last Friday by the patrons and School of the Blanchard district. This is the school taught by Mrs. Mina Hawkins, who as a teacher, has few superiors in the county.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 17, 1873.

The County Clerk canceled some $1,700 worth of School district Bonds, last week. Cowley County School District bonds command the very highest price in the eastern markets. This speaks well for the school management of our County.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, July 24, 1873.

Seven families with all their stock and household goods have just arrived, and are temporarily located on the farm of Mr. Tyrell, 2-1/2 miles east of Tisdale, in Sheridan Township. They have rented a house in which they are having a school taught for the benefit of their own children, by one of their number. They expect to take claims in that neighborhood, and seem well satis­fied with the uplands of Cowley.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 21, 1873.

Prof. Henry B. Norton will deliver a course of Scientific Lectures on the evening of the 28th, 29th, and 30th inst., in the Arkansas City Schoolhouse, commencing at 7-1/2 o’clock p.m. Subjects: Suns and Planets; the Nebula Hypothesis and the six days of creation; The earth and man. Tickets for the entire course 50 cents. The Lectures will treat of the most recent discoveries concerning the structure of the Universe; the plural­ity of worlds; the spectroscope, and its recent wonderful revela­tions; the antiquity of man; air and ocean currents; and the complete harmony of science and revelation. The entire proceeds will go to aid in the erection of a parsonage for the use of the pastors of the M. E. church of Arkansas City. We earnestly solicit the patronage of the community. C. KING, P.C.

N. B. The Basket meeting will begin next Sabbath morning the 24th inst., in Endicott’s grove and continue through the entire week. We invite all. The presence of the various Evangelical ministers is earnestly desired. C. KING, P. C.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 4, 1873.

                                            WINFIELD, SEPTEMBER 2, 1873.

The Board of school officers of the Winfield School Dis­tricts have decided to admit no children to the School except those living in this district. This action is rendered necessary on account of want of room, teaching, etc. D. N. EGBERT, Clerk.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 4, 1873.

                                                   FARMERS’ MEETING.

By invitation of the Pleasant Valley Farmers’ Club, the Beaver Farmers’ Club and delegates from the Tisdale Farmers’ Club met at the schoolhouse in Pleasant Valley at 7:30 o’clock P.M. Sept. 3d, 1873. Meeting called to order by Mr. Shaw, Esq., of Pleasant Valley. By motion Mr. K. J. Wright of Beaver was chosen Chairman. Moved that Mr. Henderson of Pleasant Valley act as Rec. Secretary; and N. C. McCulloch, of Beaver, act as Cor. Secretary pro tem. The object of the meeting stated by Mr. West Holland, to consider the propriety of, and to take steps to put a Farmers’ ticket in the field to fill the county offices this fall. Remarks by Mac W. Roseberry of Beaver, and Mr. Gay, of Tisdale. The resolutions of the 23rd called for, and read by the Corresponding Secretary. Discussed by Mr. Holland, McCulloch, and Walton. Mr. McCulloch being called for to make a speech, said that he was not an orator, but a farmer, and that in lieu of a speech he would read “A Warning” from the Telegram, and by request explained his position. Remarks by Mr. M. S. Roseberry of Beaver, Mr. Foughty of Tisdale, and Mr. Shaw of Pleasant Valley. Mr. Shaw moved that the Pleasant Valley Club cut loose from the 23rd movement. Debated. Standing vote taken, and motion carried unanimously. By motion of Mr. Foughty, of Tisdale, it was resolved to hold a County Convention at Tisdale September 29th. By motion the Corresponding Secretary was instructed to furnish the proceedings of this meeting to the County papers for publication. On motion, adjourned. N. C. McCULLOCH, Cor. Sec’y, pro tem.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 18, 1873.

                                            [From the Arkansas City Traveler.]

There are twenty-two pupils enrolled on the school records now.

City Scrip is selling for 80 cents, County Scrip 80 cents, and School Bonds at 90 cents.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 2, 1873.

                                            [From the Arkansas City Traveler.]

The schoolhouse in Bowen’s district, south of the Arkansas River, was struck by lightning last Saturday night and damaged considerable.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 2, 1873.

The United Brethren will hold a Quarterly meeting at the Braine Schoolhouse in District No. 14, Pleasant Valley Township, on Saturday and Sunday, October 4th and 5th. The Rev. D. Wenrick will preside.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 16, 1873.

The teacher’s institute at Arkansas City commenced last Monday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 16, 1873.

Owing to the illness of Mrs. E. P. Hickok there will be no school until Monday next.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 23, 1873.

The Teacher’s Institute at Arkansas City was a great suc­cess, lasting from Monday night until the Thursday evening ensuing, ending with a select dance on Friday evening.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 30, 1873.

There will be a public examination of teachers held at Tisdale, Monday, November 10, for all those who were unable by reason of sickness or absence from the county to attend the Teachers Institute held at Arkansas City, Oct. 13, 1873.

                                        T. A. WILKINSON, Co. Superintendent.

Winfield Courier, November 20, 1873.

There will be a public examination of teachers held at Winfield on Saturday, November 30th. All teachers desiring certificates for the winter term, will be present as this will be the last public examination until the one following the county institute in the spring.

                                                   T. A. WILKINSON, Supt.

Winfield Courier, December 12, 1873.

J. M. Rood will give his first writing lesson at the schoolhouse next Monday eve.

Winfield Courier, December 12, 1873.

                                                      WRITING SCHOOL.

Mr. J. M. Rood wishes to inform the citizens of Winfield and the surrounding country that he will commence a writing school at the schoolhouse next Monday evening. Mr. Rood is well known to our citizens, both as a writer and a gentleman, and needs no recommendation from us.


Winfield Courier, December 12, 1873.

The following is a list of teachers who were granted certif­icates at the examination held at Arkansas City, October 17th, 1873.

(Those marked with a star are entitled to first grades after having taught in the county one term.)       FIRST GRADE.

Miss Ida Daggett, Arkansas City.

Mrs. Mina Hawkins, Winfield.

Ella Wickersham, Tisdale.

Lizzie Landis*, Arkansas City.



_____ Roseberry*, Arkansas City.

Stacy Roberts* [?], Arkansas City.

G. W. _________* [?], Winfield.

P. W. Smith*, Nenescah.

Miss E. J. Greenlee*, Winfield.

                                                         SECOND GRADE.

A. C. Reinhart, Arkansas City.

W. E. Ketcham, Maple City.

Monroe L. Wells, Dexter.

J. A. McNown, Maple City.

R. B. Overman, Dexter.

Annie Smith, Silverdale.

J. W. Turner, Arkansas City.

                                                           THIRD GRADE.

W. E. McNown, Oxford.

J. J. Estus, Maple City.

M. H. Smith, Baltimore.

D. Ferguson, Winfield.

R. J. Maxwell, Arkansas City.

J. F. Tucker, Baltimore.

                           Three applicants failed entirely, and received no certificates.

Excerpt from long article...

Winfield Courier, December 12, 1873. Last Page.

                                        A HISTORY OF COWLEY COUNTY.

As evidence of the interest which the people manifest in education may be instanced the fact that Cowley County, only three years old, has 97 organized school districts, in 55 of which are good schoolhouses built and furnished at an aggregate cost of $55,000, and in nearly all the districts, good schools are in successful operation.

Excerpts from meeting...

Winfield Courier, Friday, December 19, 1873.

Board of County Commissioners met in Clerk’s office, Decem­ber 9, 1873. All present. After a thorough inspection of the work, the Courthouse was accepted from the contractors, and the bondsmen discharged.

L. J. Webb appeared for school district No. 45, asking to have one percent of the school tax remitted, it appearing that the same was taxed illegally. County Clerk was instructed to make the necessary change at the district’s expense. In the matter of dividing tracts of land on tax roll, clerk was also instructed to make the change when applied to by the Trea­surer.

Superintendent of Public Instruction was authorized to procure a black board and stationery for his office.

Winfield Courier, Friday, December 26, 1873.

That school land sale that operated so seriously on the spleen of Mr. Nixon as to cause him to give Mr. Wilkinson a punch when he thought Hopkins had him down, is so throughly explained by the State Superintendent and Attorney General, that we hope Nixon will take the dose quietly, go to bed and sweat it off.

RECAP: Wilkinson obtained affidavit from David M. Hopkins, stating: “David M. Hopkins, being first duly sworn, deposes and says, that he is a resident of Vernon Township, in said county of Cowley and state of Kansas. That he is acquainted with the northeast quarter of section sixteen in township thirty-two south of range three the best of his knowledge and belief said quarter section belonged to the state of Kansas as school land prior to May 13, 1873, and that on the said day, one Charles Tilton made an application before the Probate Judge of said county to enter the same and did enter the said land upon comply­ing with the Statute made and provided for the entry of school land, and that said entry, he believes, was fraudulent and void.” H. D. McCARTY, STATE SUPERINTENDENT, responded to Wilkinson, who sent him Hopkins’ affidavit: “I have submitted the affidavit to the Attorney General. He says the affidavit amounts to nothing—no decision can be given—the question is open to the courts.”

Winfield Courier, Friday, December 26, 1873.

The Christmas tree at the schoolhouse Christmas eve was a very fine affair, and the distribution of presents afforded the adults as well as the children considerable merriment. John Swain, as Santa Claus, assisted by Messrs. Fairbank and Michener and numerous ladies, handled gifts inspiringly. Several songs were sung and pieces spoken by the little people, among them one by Master Harold H. Mansfield entitled “Annie and Willie’s Prayer.” This beautiful poem was well rendered by Harold. Several persons, especially “men about town,” received snapping turtles, jumping jack, and other highly useful toys. The editor of this paper was presented with a fine plug hat, he fondly thinks, for his good looks, also a splendid cake with the compli­ments of the donors.


Proceeds to go to Cowley County school fund...

Winfield Courier, January 9, 1874.

                                                               Wolf Hunt.

The citizens of Vernon Township and vicinity assembled January 5, 1874, for the purpose of organizing for a wolf hunt. D. Hopkins was chosen chairman of the meeting. A committee was appointed to draft a programme for the hunt consisting of Dr. A. S. Capper, E. D. Skinner, and T. Thompson. The place of closing the circle is the northeast quarter of the 16th section of Vernon Township, the boundary lines as follows.

The Walnut River on the east, the Arkansas on the west, the south line of Vernon Township on the south, two miles north of the north line of Vernon Township on the north.

The day designated for the hunt: January 15, 1874. Time of starting at the boundary lines 10 o’clock A.M. The men are allowed to carry fire-arms, but no shooting is allowed inside of the ring. Dogs are not allowed to run loose when the ring is closed. The Chief Marshal gives the signal when the dogs are to be loosed. The proceeds of the hunt to be donated to the Cowley County school fund. T. A. Blanchard is Chief Marshal. There shall be a marshal for each line and he shall call as many aides as needed; everyone having a horn or bell is requested to bring it. The chief marshal shall wear a blue scarf; the marshal on the lines and their aides shall wear a red scarf or ribbon.

A general invitation is extended to all, and a special one to the editors of the Oxford and Winfield papers. By order of Committee.

Winfield Courier, January 16, 1874.


Something for the Taxpayers to Think of—Unequal Taxation—Official Neglect—Who is to Blame—From Five to Ten Thousand Dollars of Unpaid Taxes.

This year has been a hard one for taxpayers. Owing to the constant drain upon the county for money wherewith to pay the government for the land that is being entered, and to the fact that products are very cheap and plenty, and to the unusual (for a new country) amount of school bonds that have been issued, money is scarce, and taxes high. But the man who lives upon the bare necessities of life is called upon to bear his portion of the public burden, while four-percent-a-month gentlemen who have mortgages upon every alternate quarter of land in the county pay no taxes upon the thousands of dollars thus invested.

It will be remembered that the last Legislature enacted what was called a mortgage exemption law. At once the Attorney General pronounced the law unconstitutional. It is not only unconstitu­tional but manifestly unjust. The township trustees or assessors of Cowley County met at the County Clerk’s office last spring after election and were directed by the County Clerk to tax all promissory notes held on March 1st, 1872. This means mortgage notes also. Very few, if any, assessors obeyed the instructions. At a later date the County Commissioners directed the County Clerk to examine the Register of Deed’s books and take therefrom all evidence of individual credits and charge them to the proper persons on the tax rolls. It has just come to light, now that the personal property taxpaying season is substantially over, that said order was not obeyed. This is an outrage, and somebody is to blame for it. We are careful not to accuse any man wrongfully. Perhaps the County Clerk can explain this away, but it looks pretty bad.

The records of Cowley County show a mortgage indebtedness of about two hundred thousand dollars. It is estimated that at least one-half that amount is taxable for 1873. Had this amount been assessed, it would have put into the county treasury twenty-five hundred dollars of county money and as much more of other funds. If this amount had been assessed, every other man’s taxes would have been lighter. The very men who can best afford to pay taxes have thus escaped. It was a blood stirring sight, the other day, to see a man who had several thousand dollars worth of mortgages in his pocket walk into the County Treasurer’s office and pay forty cents of tax.

Winfield Courier, January 23, 1874.

                             RICHNESS IN THE COUNTY CLERK’S OFFICE:

                                     MORE INTERESTING REVELATIONS!

The new County Clerk has struck a rich lead. The books and records are in such a condition that no one can make any sense out of them. Errors are apparent everywhere. In one instance, that of the school district at Arkansas City, the bond levy by the Commissioners was nine mills, but the County Clerk put it on the tax roll ten mills all the way through. In the Winfield Township tax roll, many errors have come to light. The State Board of Equalization raised the valuation of land twenty-two and a half percent; the County Clerk raised it only twenty percent. There is a large difference between the amount charged to the Treasurer, and the tax roll that was put into his hands to collect by.

The new County Clerk is so nonplused by the situation that he has suggested to the chairman of the county board that it would be well to have a meeting of the Commissioners to examine the affairs of the office so as to relieve him of an irregulari­ty, and to give the new incumbent a fair start in the busi­ness.

As we said in regard to the mortgage business last week, we are careful not to charge anyone with irregularity or improper conduct wrongfully, but give all an opportunity to explain or defend; but as there has been no explanation to that matter offered to the public, so there may be none to this.

We await future developments with interest.

Winfield Courier, February 20, 1874.

                                                    Resolution of Approval.

The Pleasant Valley grange met at Holland’s Schoolhouse February 14th, 1874, and after transaction of other business per­taining to the order, the following resolution was read, and unanimously adopted, viz:

Resolved, That this grange heartily indorses the action of the County Commissioners in appointing a committee to correct the errors in the County Clerk’s and Treasurer’s office, and that the Secretary present a copy of this resolution to the county papers with a request of publication. H. H. CONSTANT, Master.

Art C. HOLLAND, Secretary.

Winfield Courier, February 27, 1874.

B. F. Baldwin has been appointed clerk of the School Board of this district, in place of Dr. Egbert, deceased.

Winfield Courier, February 27, 1874.

Remember that Col. E. C. Manning lectures before the Teacher’s Institute this evening at the courthouse.

Winfield Courier, February 27, 1874.

The following are the cases which stand for trial at the March term A. D. 1874, of the Cowley County District Court, and have been placed on the docket in the following order.

                                               CIVIL DOCKET. SIXTH DAY.

                                     49. William Bartlow vs. School District No. 6.

                                              CIVIL DOCKET. NINTH DAY.

                      72. James A. Bullene vs. School Board of School District No. 60.

Winfield Courier, March 6, 1874

The school in District No. 45 closed on Thursday, Feb. 26, 1874. The three last days were passed in an examination on the different branches. In this the scholars took great interest, evincing the same determination to stand at the head of their classes that they have shown throughout the term. Several of them passed creditably, and would have done honor to any graded school.

The following is the average standing of the advanced classes.

Hattie Monforte, 9.4; Emily Roberts, 9.2; John Wiggins, 9; Iowa Roberts, 8.5.

Of the second classes Lizzie Bush, Rolland Johnson, Emma Ferguson, Minerva Ferguson, Florence Prater, and George Wiggins gave flattering proof of good lessons and a thorough study of principle.

Of the primary classes, Charlie Roberts, Robert Bush, Bell Bush, Ella Roberts, and Maggie Ferguson proved to the visitors that “old fogyism” is at discount.

The classes all gave proof of very rapid development.

The crowning of these exercises was at noon of the last day, when the kind parents and friends came to the schoolhouse with large baskets of goodies for the scholars. These under the supervision of Messrs. Roberts, Mr. and Mrs. Bush, and Newhouse were soon formed in a tempting array. The scholars then took their places at the table and for sometime were as happy as the kind donors could wish them to be.

On Friday evening they gave an exhibition, which, notwith­standing the storm, was well attended. The exercises consisted of charades, proverbs, dialogues, tableaux, Declamations, and essays. The parts were well acted and gave general satisfaction. G.

Winfield Courier, March 6, 1874.

                                              TEACHERS’ ASSOCIATION.

           Minutes of the Teachers’ Association, Held at Winfield, Friday, Feb. 27th, 1874.

The Teachers’ Association of Cowley County, Kansas, met in the council room of the Courthouse, according to published arrangement, Supt. Wilkinson presiding.

The following teachers were present: Miss Jennie Greenlee, Miss Mary Graham, Miss Allie Klingman, Miss E. Fowler, Miss Ellen Wickersham, Miss Jennie Hawkins, G. W. Melville.

The association proceeded to business by electing G. W. Melville Secretary pro tem. The constitution and by-laws being read, the election of officers for the coming year was then taken up, and resulting as follows.

H. H. Martin, President.

Miss Jennie Greenlee and Miss Jennie Hawkins, Vice Presidents.

Miss Mary Graham, Treasurer.

G. W. Melville, Secretary.

Mrs. Mina Hawkins, Cor. Secretary.

                                                  EXERCISES OF THE DAY.

Organization of classes and method of conducting recita­tion—Miss J. Greenlee.

A general discussion of the following topics:

Uniformity of text books in our schools, bad wood, etc. Participated in by Miss Wickersham, Miss Greenlee, and others. Some very good ideas were brought out.

Parents and friends visiting schools was well discussed, and it would have been well if parents generally could have listened to what the teachers said upon that subject. It was said, and on good grounds, that if parents would visit the schools more frequently that there would be less fault found with teachers.

The question was then asked if it were right for teachers to offer an inducement in the way of a literary exercise once a week to induce parents to visit the school? Miss Millspaugh taking the side that it was wrong, that parents who took so little interest in the schools that they had to be coaxed there by a treat of something outside of the every day exercises, that there ought not to be any trouble taken by the teacher to induce them to come.

Supt.. Wilkinson made the suggestion, or rather requested the teachers of Cowley County, to teach the map of the county by townships and ranges, and gave the method of doing it.

The following subjects were merely touched upon:

Neatness in children, indicative of intelligence in parents. Teaching as a profession, or as a stepping stone to something higher.

Committee on programme for the morrow to report after the lecture in the evening.

Committee: Mrs. Mina Hawkins, Miss Jennie Greenlee, Miss E. Fowler, Miss Ellen Wickersham, Miss Mary Graham. G. W. MELVILLE, Secretary, pro tem.

Winfield Courier, March 13, 1874.

                                                        Notice to Teachers.

By request of many of the patrons of School District No. 1, in the city of Winfield, the School Board have determined to have a spring term of school and wishing to secure the services of two first class teachers do hereby solicit applications for the same claiming a right to reject any or all applications. By order of School Board. B. F. BALDWIN, Clerk.

Winfield Courier, March 20, 1874.

A recent amendment to the school law changes the time of holding the annual meeting of each school district, from the last Thursday of March to the second Thursday in August of each year, at 2 o’clock p.m. The district board as now constituted will continue to hold office until the annual meeting in August, and until their successors are elected and qualified. Under the new law, at the next election, a director, clerk, and treasurer shall be elected and hold their respective offices as follows: Direc­tor, for three years; clerk, for two years; treasurer, one year; and thereafter at each annual meeting, there shall be elected one member of said board in place of the out-going member, who shall hold his office for three years, or until his successor is elected and qualified.

Winfield Courier, March 27, 1874.

Owing to the bad weather the meeting of the Teacher’s Association in this city last Friday and Saturday was poorly attended. The usual business was transacted however. The full proceedings will be found elsewhere in this issue.

Excerpts from article...


Winfield Courier, March 27, 1874.

But while we are attending to our farms, we do not neglect the moral and intellectual improvement of ourselves. During the winter we had a literary society, which met weekly. It has been a complete success. The paper, the Grouse Quill, was hard to beat. Last Tuesday night the society closed, for the season, with an exhibition. The exercises consisted of declamations, dialogues, tableaux, and music. The schoolhouse was crowded to its utmost capacity, and everybody was in a jolly good humor. Of course, it was a success.

Last Monday night, twenty of our farmers, with ten of their wives and daughters, were organized into a Grange, by Deputy Worden, Esq. T. R. Bryan is Master, and J. A. Bryan, Secretary. J. B. Callison is Overseer, and the other officers are all in the right place. We predict a successful career for our Grange.

Mr. H. H. Martin closed his school at this place last Friday, after having taught five months. The school has been very large—numbering as high as 74 pupils, and averaging nearly 50. GRANGER.

Winfield Courier, March 27, 1874.


AFTER consulting with the Board of Education and the State Superintendent, I hereby announce that it has been decided to call a convention of all the school district officers who shall be elected on the last Thursday in March, next, in this county, with a view to promoting the educational welfare of the county. A full detail of the objects and aims of said convention together with the time of meeting will be announced in connection with the programme of the Teacher’s Institute, to be held at Winfield some time in April, 1874.

                                                T. A. WILKINSON, Co. Supt.

Winfield Courier, March 27, 1874.

                                                        To School Districts.

                                                      STATE OF KANSAS,

                                           Office of Supt. of Public Instruction,

                                                  Topeka, March 14th, 1874.

All parties wishing to sell school district bonds to the Commissioners for the investment of State permanent school fund, must observe and comply with the requirements of the following rules and regulations of the Board.

1st. All bonds offered for sale to the commissioners of the school fund shall be presented to the Superintendent or to the Commissioners whenever together.

2nd. No bonds shall be bought (unless offered direct by the district issuing them) unless accompanied by a written and responsible guarantee that the interest and principal of such bonds shall be promptly paid when due.

3rd. No bonds shall be purchased until the Attorney-General has examined them, and satisfied himself that they are legal in form and substance.

4th. The desirability of any investment shall be determined by a majority of the Commissioners.

5th. The Superintendent shall issue a circular, to be sent to every newspaper in the state, every County Clerk and County Superintendent of Public Instruction, and to every school dis­trict stating the price paid for bonds, a copy of these rules, and a request that bonds be sent direct to the Commissioners so as to avoid paying commissions to “middle-men.”

6th. No bonds shall be bought unless the certificate accompanying is full, explicit, and filled out in every particu­lar, and in all cases the number of electors in the district, the number signing the petition for an election, and the number voting for and against the issuing of such bonds must be shown.

7th. Until further notice, 90 cents on the dollar will be paid for school district bonds.

8th. These rules shall be recorded, and shall also be published in the Commonwealth, with a request that all papers in the state friendly to the interests of education copy them.

                    By order of the Board. H. D. McCARTY, Supt. of Public Instruction.

Winfield Courier, March 27, 1874.

The public schools in this city close today.

Winfield Courier, March 27, 1874.

The public schools of this city will commence Monday, April 6th. Miss Helen Parmelee teaches the higher department and Mrs. T. A. Wilkinson the lower.

Winfield Courier, March 27, 1874.

                            BEAVER TOWNSHIP, COWLEY CO., FEB. 26, 1874.

The thirtieth grange in this county was organized by deputy Worden at Pleasant Grove schoolhouse on the night of Feb. 21st. The Charter members number 28.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1874.

On Friday evening, March 27th, I had the pleasure of attend­ing a school exhibition at the schoolhouse in district No. 9. The school was conducted by Miss Jennie Greenlee, to whom great credit is due. The exercises were opened with singing, in which the greater portion of the scholars took a lively part. Declama­tions, essays, and select reading were next in order, and were good; the subjects were well chosen, and they were delivered in a manner to elicit praise.

A number of pleasing charades and tableaux were acted next, among which was one entitled “Scenes now being Witnessed in our Eastern Cities,” in which a number of men were represented playing cards and drinking, around whom were a group of women in the attitude of prayer; the scene was very interesting and impressive. The exercises were quite lengthy, lasting until nearly half past 10 o’clock. At the close everybody shook hands with everybody else, each having a good word for his neighbor, plainly indicating that they were all actuated by the spirit of concord, and as I took leave of my friends, I whispered to myself, “It is good for me to be here,” and then I departed. A SPECTATOR.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1874.

We notice that the school ground is being beautified by the planting of elm shade trees. This will be a vast improvement upon the appearance of that lop-eared stair-case, which will appear better when the trees hide it entirely from view. The trees should now have a light coat of tar or something of that sort, and mischievous boys will let them alone.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1874.

The ladies of school district No. 9, two miles south of Winfield, will hold a necktie festival on the evening of April 7th, at the residence of Mr. R. Anderson. The public are cordially invited. Plenty of the best of refreshments will be served during the evening; the proceeds of the festival will be used to furnish the Sabbath school with books and papers.

                                         MISS JENNIE GREENLEE, Secretary.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1874.

                                                  District Court Proceedings.

                          Bartlow vs. School Dist. No. 60, Dismissed at plaintiff’s cost.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1874.

Through the energy and efficiency of Prof. Wilkinson, Superintendent of Schools, this county has received $469 more money from the state fund, than was received last year. The Prof. has also ferreted out 238 more school children than were reported last year.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1874.

At the recent teacher’s examination in this place and Arkansas City, 18 applicants were examined: 13 in Winfield and 5 in Arkansas City.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1874.

Rev. I. A. Koons will preach at Pleasant View Schoolhouse Sunday the 26th inst. at 3 o’clock p.m. Pleasant View is only three miles east of Winfield on the Tisdale road. Just a pleas­ant ride, and all who come will be welcome.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1874.

                                               FUN IN THE POST OFFICE.

The Postmaster, at Dexter, sometime ago received a postal card addressed to the “Dexter Base Ball Club,” and containing a challenge to play. After vainly endeavoring to deliver it, he returned it to the writer with the following excuse.

                              POST OFFICE, DEXTER, KANSAS, April 27, 1874.

                              FARMERS’ BASE BALL CLUB: Cedarvale, Kansas.

Gentlemen: I return to you the enclosed card, which was received here several days ago; and when you shall have received it, I may reasonably hope to be happy again. I have been reluc­tantly forced to the conclusion that there must be a marked difference between the farmers who compose your club and the specimens of that genus who flourish in this immediate vicini­ty.

Here, they are men of kind hearts and charitable disposi­tions, and could never be guilty of that refinement of cruelty which you have exhibited toward the humble individual who repre­sents the majesty and power of the great Republic, at this place, and who, four times a week regularly distributes to the hungry farmers, their rations of intelligence, both through the medium of the public press, and especially correspondence, to each his proper proportion in due season, and all for the paltry sum of $140 per annum.

I have been in this position a sufficient length of time to enable me to distribute nearly every kind of matter with a reasonable degree of certainty; but this card has brought me up standing. Sleeping or waking, at all times and under all circum­stances, whether engaged in the multitudinous duties of my office, or attempting to recuperate this frail body of mine by partaking of a small portion of generous food, this card rises like a specter before my mind, demanding that it be delivered according to the letter and spirit of the laws and regulations which have emanated from that autocrat of the Post-office Depart­ment, he of the many initials, J. A. J. Creswell, and whose bold signature adorns my commission.

Visions of postal cards and base ball clubs have hopelessly mixed and confused in my dreams until I have literally Bawled in my agony, and have come to think that I have reached the lowest depths of Base ness. What shall I do with it? is the all absorb­ing question. This I have prayerfully and tearfully considered, seeking only for light to enable me to do equal and exact justice in this matter, as I know my duty to be under the 15th Amendment to our great Magna charter. I have suffered agonies over it, until I have convinced my friends that I would soon compel them to send me to Osawatomie, where the power of the great State of Kansas, with its broad prairies, its crystal springs, and bab­bling brooks, might be able to exorcize this fell spirit, whose presence has destroyed my peace of mind and nearly unsettled my reason. I have made herculean efforts to deliver this card according to the intent of its superscription, but have lamenta­bly failed. I delivered it to the village blacksmith, but he would have none of it; I sent it to the proprietor of our rival store, but he viewed it as an insult, and I rejoice that my head has not been broken; I gave it to the school ma’am, but she declared that the bawls she had to submit to daily, now, were sufficient without being affected with the farmers of Cedarvale, whose lungs she had reason to believe, was none of the weakest, but if they should intrude their presence upon her, she would score them one; I gave it to our limb of the law, but he said, that, while he had been in practice for a number of years, and believed he was making considerable progress, on the downward road, he never would admit that he was base enough to bawl in unison with the common tillers of the soil, the horny, handed sons of toil, therefore he declined it, but suggested that it might be intended for some of the grangers.

Catching at this last idea, I gave it to the Master of our Grange, who is also a Justice of the Peace, but he said they had evidently mistaken their man; he was familiar with nothing connected with the business except the home run; he would there­fore bid me good day; I gave it to our shoemaker, but he, being deaf and dumb, said nothing. I gave it to our doctor, who, after examining the address long and attentively, readily remarked: “I have never objected to being called a billiard cue, but a base ball club—it’s too bad—” and he burst into tears.

I gave it to our Minister of the Gospel, who told me to search diligently for the “Dexter Base Ball Club,” and when I found it, to let him know, and if it could be used for the purpose of beating a little sense and charity into the heads of the farmers of Cedarvale, he would be happy to receive it in part payment of his next quarterly dues, and he, being a man equal to 240 pounds avoirdupois, is well calculated to use it. I think I will accept his offer. The law forbids me to advertise the card in the usual way, but on my own account, I have made great efforts to find the person or thing for which or whom that card was intended. Diligent search has been made in and about this place, but without success so far. Mounted carriers have been sent in every direction, southeast, some west, some north, and some south, even to the uttermost limits of our delivery, with strict instructions to find that Club, and not to return without tidings, under pain of having the card forced upon them. Their success was not encouraging. One party brought a stone from the Flint Hills, somewhat resembling a club; one brought a stick of strong wood, from the home of the Kaw, evidently a ball club, but not base enough to fill the bill; one brought a saw log from the mill on upper Grouse, while those from the west brought only the last lingering rays of the setting sun.

I would have advertised it in the county papers, but I feared my mind would not bear the strain long enough for them to get their paper out. You will see from these few lines that I have done my duty according to the light I have, honestly and fearlessly, albeit tremblingly, and in the earnest hope that no other poor devil of a bloated office holder may be afflicted as I have been. I subscribe myself POSTMASTER.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1874.

It having been left with the various school Superintendents in each county to select representatives to the July session of the Musical Academy which meets in Leavenworth, Messrs. C. C. Black and C. A. Hays have been appointed by Prof. Wilkinson. No better selection could have been made.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1874.

Ye Editor went to Arkansas City last Monday. Here is what he says. “In company with W. M. Boyer, Esq., we borrowed one of Darrah & Doty’s splendid rigs and went on a flying trip to Arkansas City. Of course, we called on C. M. Scott of the Traveler, and found that gentleman in one of the finest furnished offices we have seen anywhere; we concluded that C. M. was making money, and that his patrons were that kind of men that make a city.

The Traveler is a good paper and well sustained. The business­men of that town know the worth of a good newspaper and use its columns to some purpose. We met several old friends, but our time was too limited to look around much. Arkansas City can boast of one of the finest school buildings in the state, and it would be well for us to imitate her example in this respect. Prof. E. W. Hulse from the state university of Wisconsin has just arrived to take charge of it, and we learn from Prof. T. A. Wilkinson, who brought him here, that Mr. Hulse is in every way well qualified for the position.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1874.

The following is a list of the teachers who obtained certif­icates at the late examination held in Winfield and Tisdale. Mr. E. A. Millard and Miss Carrie Morris deserve special notice as having the best evidence of good scholarship of any of the applicants.

2nd Grade: T. M. James, J. T. Tucker, Porter Wilson, T. W. Gillard.

3rd Grade: Miss E. Burden, Miss J. Hawkins, Miss Belle Dudley, Miss Libbie West, Mrs. M. A. Tucker, Miss Ettie Fowler, Miss M. Hawkins, Miss G. L. Davis, Miss M. A. Tucker.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1874.

The following letter will explain itself.

                                   STATE OF KANSAS, AUDITOR’S OFFICE.

LUCIUS WALTON, Chairman—Winfield, Kansas.

Dear Sir: Enclosed, find copy of Reports of Sale of School Lands of Cowley County, as requested in yours of the 10th inst. I find upon examination of the reports the following errors in addition, etc., which are now charged to your county, to-wit:

To error in adding report Dec. 31, 1871: $   400.00

To error in adding report Dec. 31, 1872: $2,259.20

To error in adding report June 30, 1873: $0,000.00

Extending amount, June 30, 1872: $.80

Extending amount, June 30, 1873: $.20

                                                  Total Corrections: $2,660.20

There are some other minor errors, but they do not change the total foot, and no account is made of them on the books in office. I regret the delay in furnishing reports, but could not furnish them sooner and take the precaution to have them careful­ly compared with the original reports on file in this office.

Please acknowledge receipt of same. Very respectfully, D. W. WILDER, State Auditor.

The foregoing letter was received by the committee that is examining the records of Cowley County, in response to an inquiry made to the Auditor of State for information. The Auditor of State receives reports from the County Clerk of each county, of the amount of School Land Sales, and charges said amount to the County Treasurer. If there are no mistakes in the County Clerk’s reports, from this county, then there is considerable School Land money in the hands of the County Treasurer.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1874.

                                                  Attention Road Overseers.

Road overseers would do well to pay a little attention to the following section of the general statutes of 1868, chap. 80, page 902.

Sec. 14. Each road overseer, within his district, shall erect and keep up, at the expense of the township, posts and guide boards at the forks of every state and county road, con­taining an inscription, in legible letters, directing the way, and naming the distance to such town or towns or public place or places as are situated on said road; and any overseer of roads, failing to do so in a reasonable time, shall, upon conviction thereof before any justice of the peace of the proper county, be fined in any sum not exceeding five dollars, with costs of suit; and when collected, it shall be paid into the county treasury for school purposes.

From the above it will be seen that any traveler who may miss his way, by reason of not finding guide boards at road crossings, can bring an action against the road overseer. In fact, action can be brought by any person against a road overseer who fails to perform his duty.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1874.

There will be an examination of teachers held at Lazette on Monday and Tuesday, May 18th and 19th, 1874. T. A. WILKINSON.



Winfield Courier, May 15, 1874.

The tuition for the common branches of English for non-residents of this school district is $3 and $5 for the higher branches for the whole term.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1874.

In a short time the Superintendent of Public Instruction will send to the clerk of each school district a correct map from which he can make out his report of all those persons liable to personal tax, and thus avoid the mistakes so frequently made of reporting parties not living in the district.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1874.

                                                    Items from the Traveler.

The dedication of the new schoolhouse last Saturday evening was a grand success. Parties from adjoining school districts were well represented and well pleased. The exercises caused considerable interest, and enlisted many in the cause of educa­tion. At the close a vote of thanks was extended to the speak­ers, the band, the manager, and the contractor of the school building.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1874.

Report of Winfield Graded School for the month commencing April 27th, and ending May 22nd, 1874.

Note: Perfect, 100; good, 80; failure, 40.

                                                   HIGHER DEPARTMENT.

No. of pupils enrolled during the month: 38. Average daily attendance: 19.20. No cases of tardiness: 65. Average time lost by tardiness daily: 34 minutes. Average deportment: 80.

                                                HELEN PARMELEE, Teacher.

                                            INTERMEDIATE DEPARTMENT.

No. of pupils enrolled during the month: 48. Average daily attendance: 30. No. cases of tardiness: 30. Average time lost by tardiness: 5 minutes.

Names of scholars neither absent nor tardy: Oliver Newland, Jordan McDonald, Mary Davis, Sylvia Darrah, Katy Davis, Lela Doty, Jennie Hulshopple, Alice Hill, Jennie Weathers. MRS. T. A. WILKINSON, Teacher.

                                                  PRIMARY DEPARTMENT.

No. of pupils enrolled during the month: 57. Average daily attendance: 40.95. Average number of cases of tardiness daily: 6. Average amount of time lost by tardiness daily: 1 hr. 23.45 min. Average deportment: 95.

Names of scholars neither absent nor tardy: Frank Cochran, Bruce Hill, Anna Bartlow, Sarah West. MRS. M. A. BRYANT, Teacher.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1874.

Col. E. C. Manning is to deliver a lecture before the Teacher’s Association at Arkansas City Saturday evening, June 27th.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1874.

The teachers of the Winfield graded schools together with Superintendent Wilkinson’s singing class, will close the spring term of school with a musical and literary entertainment. It is proposed by combining outside talent with that of the school children, to make this entertainment worthy of the patronage of the parents and friends of education. Prof. Hulse, Principal of the Arkansas City schools, will aid Mr. Wilkinson; also, Prof. E. J. Hoyt, with the musical part of the entertainment. A paper will be read by Miss Helen Parmelee and Superintendent Wilkinson, and essays by Mrs. T. A. Wilkinson and Miss Bryant. The proceeds of the exhibition will be expended in purchasing an organ, for the use of the public schools of Winfield. Therefore, all are directly interested in the success of the enterprise.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1874.

Correction. The note in the teacher’s report of last week had reference to the deportment only. By mistake the average deportment of the scholars in the intermediate department (which was 90) was omitted.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1874. Editorial Page.

                                                           THE REPORT.

We publish in another place the report of the committee of investigation. It will be seen that the report brings Mr. Short and Mr. Kager several thousand dollars behind. Mr. Short claims that he holds receipts to, nearly or quite, cover the amount charged against him, and we have Mr. Kager’s word for it, that he has in his hands, even more money than the committee found against him. However this may be, we have no comments or criti­cisms to make until these gentlemen have had an opportunity to settle with the county board. We cannot however close this article without saying a word for the committee. They, we believe, have discharged their duty faithfully and conscientious­ly, and their report shows with what ability that work was done. We will have more to say of this when we have looked the field all over. Let this suffice for the present.

                                        REPORT OF THE COWLEY COUNTY

                                             INVESTIGATING COMMITTEE.

WE, your Committee appointed to examine the books and accounts of the County Clerk and County Treasurer, beg leave to submit the following report as the result of our investigation. In instituting the examination, we first took the books and accounts from the organization of the County up to the 16th day of July, 1872, at which time J. P. Short, Deputy County Treasur­er, turned the office over to E. B. Kager, the present incumbent of the office. On examination of the books and accounts of A. A. Jackson as County Clerk, and John Devore as Treasurer, under the management and control of J. P. Short, Deputy, we found the books and accounts in a very confused and tangled condition, the Treasurer not having made a settlement of his accounts during his term of office, and turned the office over to his successor without paying over moneys in his possession.

After due deliberation as to the best method of instituting the examination, we concluded to take the Tax-roll as it was furnished the Treasurer, by the County Clerk for collection, as a basis for our settlement and hold the Treasurer for all moneys coming into his possession by virtue of his office.

In making up the roll we found many mistakes for and against, but these, we consider merely the result of incompetency and inexperience on the part of the County Clerk.

In our report, $3,075.47 stands charged to Mr. Short, on account of the County which in reality is covered by county warrants which have been canceled on account of Short, but have not been destroyed or ordered applied on his account by the County Commissioners.

The tax-roll of 1872 is the greatest complication of figures and erasures that we ever saw, and we regard it as a matter of impossibility to arrive at just conclusions in every particular in making up the accounts, but we have made our figures from the most reasonable conclusions in the premises always giving Mr. Kager the benefit of the doubts. Mr. Kager has not made a settlement of his accounts since he came in possession of the office of County Treasurer, and reference to our report reveals the fact that he had a large sum of money in his possession on the first day of July, 1873, at which time the law requires him to make his annual settlement, and at which time most of the funds in his possession should have been paid out.

The accounts in both the County Clerk’s and County Treasurer’s ledgers, in most instances show clearly to our minds that the original charges have been erased and figures changed. In making up the account of School Land Sales, we took the County Clerk’s and Treasurer’s accounts in connection, from which to base a settlement; even then there may be, and doubtless is, discrepancies. We are informed that persons have made payments on school lands and have taken the Treasurer’s receipt therefor but failed to have it countersigned by the County Clerk and charged to the Treasurer as the law requires, and in other instances parties have made payments on School Lands for which neither Treasurer nor Clerk have given the proper credit.

We would recommend that notice be given through the papers of the County to parties who have purchased School Lands to examine the records and see if any such irregularities exist.

On comparing our School Land sales account with an abstract of school land sales received from the Auditor of State, we found Mr. A. A. Jackson had made an error in addition of the school land sales reported on account of Mr. Short in favor of the County Treasurer to the amount of $400.00, and $1,252.26 remained unreported. The same error occurs in his report to the Auditor of State of school land sales on account of E. B. Kager to amount of $2,260.20, and $97.80 remained unreported.

Mr. Kager says he has money in his possession that he does not know where to apply, but when he finds the proper place for it he is ready to pay the same over. This admission of the County Treasurer seriously involves his competency, in our opinion, for the faithful and efficient discharge of the duties of the office.

In justice to ourselves we must say that we have prosecuted the investigation under very unfavorable circumstances. There has been a continual disposition on the part of those directly interested in the settlement, and our County Clerk, M. G. Troup, to cover up and withhold information that would lead to a solu­tion of the complications connected with the work, hence it has been very tedious and discouraging to the Committee.

We found many irregularities in the accounts, particularly in the manner of making them up, and entering the same on their books. We have brought the best order out of the confused mess that we could and feel safe in saying that we have arrived at a good state of perfection in making up our accounts, and now submit the following figures as the result of our investigation, showing the amount collected on each fund, the amount paid out on the same, and the amount remaining in the hands of the Treasurer, up to the date of each settlement as the exhibit will show. LUCIUS WALTON, W. H. GROW, S. M. FALL. COMMITTEE.

                                             Winfield, Kansas, May 30th, 1874.

Report of the Committee of the financial condition of the County; Showing the gross amount collected on each fund and the amount paid out on the same; also the amount due the different funds at the expiration of the official term of J. P. Short as deputy County Treasurer, up to the time (July 16, 1872) E. B. Kager took possession of the office.

                                                       RECAP OF TOTALS:

Amount collected:         $14,658.81

Amount Paid out:                $  8,903.80

Remains Unpaid:                 $  5,759.08

Overpaid:                           $         4.07

Report of the Committee on the financial condition of the County from the 15th day of July, 1872, at which time J. P. Short, Deputy County Treasurer, turned the office over to E. B. Kager, County Treasurer, to July 1st, 1873; showing the net gross amount due each fund, the amount paid out on the same, and the amount remaining in the treasury on the first day of July 1873.

                                                       RECAP OF TOTALS:

Due Fund:                          $44,572.70

Paid out:                             $34,066.12

Remaining in Treasury:  $10,604.11

Overpaid:                           $       97.53

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1874.

                                                   Items From the Traveler.

A dancing master was in town Monday evening, trying to get a school.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1874.


                        OFFICE OF COUNTY CLERK, Winfield, June 6th, 1874.

Much as I dislike the task of replying to every “fist” who sees fit to assail me, yet the report which lies before me, namely, the report of the late Investigating Committee, coming from the source that it does, is perhaps worthy of notice on my part. I dare say the people fancy this “good state of perfec­tion” report, from a committee appointed to investigate the affairs of this county, ought at least to be accurate, reliable, and truthful. But I am sorry that truth compels me to say it is neither of the three.

I wish to say a word as to the history of this investiga­tion. When I first came into office, I ascertained that the accounts of a former treasurer, who had been out of office nearly two years, were still open, and apparently unsettled. I wrote to the chairman of the board and apprized him of the fact, and saying I would like to have himself, and the balance of the board, at an early day, examine the records of my office. The board came to my office, examined the records, and concluded to appoint a committee to assist the Clerk, Treasurer, and County Attorney to straighten, and close up, the accounts of the county.

Now mark you, this committee was to assist the proper officers to do this business, or, as was suggested at the time, to see that the records were properly investigated, in all fairness to all parties concerned. I, of course, cheerfully acquiesced in the action of the board, and met the committee in all candor and frankness. The same civilities were observed on my part throughout the entire investigation. But not so with the committee. They soon began to feel the importance of their position, and began to run the investigation with an eye to their own welfare. I now come to the place where I suppose this “good state of perfection” committee took umbrage at my course in this matter. I say I suppose the difficulty arose from what I shall now mention, for in all candor and seriousness, I cannot for the life of me tell why this committee should throw dirt on my unoffending head.

After the committee had prosecuted their labors to a certain point, I meekly suggested to them and to the chairman of the board that it was a useless expenditure of the county’s funds to carry the investigation any farther.

About that time the committee began to look wise, whisper mysteriously, and to shun me. Now mark you, I did not like said committee to go about the streets of this city, look wise, and insinuate sly malicious slanders against any of the parties interested, but I went to the chairman of the board direct, and told him that it was certainly bad policy to prosecute the investigation any farther as it was certainly spending money that would result in no pecuniary benefit to the county.

The sequel shows I was right and hence the “ire” of this committee. But the board saw fit to listen to the malicious insinuations of this office seeking committee rather than take the advice of your humble servant, and what is the result. The county has squandered several hundred dollars for a report by which, if the county would settle, it would lose several hundred more. This committee, after arriving at a “good state of perfec­tion,” declare Mr. Kager had on hand, on the 1st day of July, 1873, a certain sum of money. I suppose it never occurred to these wiseacres to ask Kager whether he had that amount at the time specified or not. If they had done so, it would certainly have prevented them from making such asses of themselves as they have done. No, that would not do, they must needs rush into print, and say he ought to have had that much money, and leave the impression on the minds of the public that he did not have the money. Bah! Gentlemen, is that what you call a fair, honest, and impartial way of doing things?

Perhaps men who will resort to the same tricks that two-thirds of this committee practiced last fall to secure the offices they were investigating might call that an honest way to treat a fellow creature, but I hardly think the public will think so. Suppose Mr. Kager admits the amount they claim as correct, the county will have squandered several hundred dollars, and have its labor for its pains. But suppose Kager says he has more money on his hands than they claim, what a grand farce the whole thing is, and what asses this trio of chronic office seekers have made of themselves. And let me say right here that the latter supposition is the true one.

The treasurer had more money on the 1st day of July, 1873, than this “good state of perfection” claimed he had. But I beg pardon for intruding myself on the public in this matter. In fact, it is not my corpse. But since the committee, with the same degree of maliciousness that characterizes their entire report, have seen fit to say I threw especial obstacles in the way of their investigation, I should like to have them state publicly and positively what those obstacles were. If they had not willfully and falsely, and without any cause, threw the first dirt, I should not have said a word. But when I am so unjustly assailed as I have been in this case, I deem it a duty to defend myself.

If this investigation had been properly conducted with a view to perfecting the records of the county, it would have been a good thing. But since it was prosecuted wholly for the purpose of blasting the reputation of a few persons, and not for the purpose of closing the accounts of the county, as was intended, it can result in no good. A word about the records of the county, and I am done for this time. The records are in exactly the same condition they were, ere this committee was appointed. This office knows just as much as it did before. The accounts are still all open, and some future officer may want them closed, which will necessitate more investigating. Yours, M. G. TROUP.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1874.

                                                                  A Card.

MR. EDITOR: I settled as the board of County Commissioners ordered, and have their certificate that I did make a settlement August 16th, 1873, and the proceedings of the County Commission­ers will show the same. I did not make the settlement in July because I was making my settlement with the State Treasurer as the law directs, and I could not make myself “numerous.” Most of the funds in my hands July 1st, 1873, were township and school district funds, and could not be paid out until the treasurers demanded them, and as they had not demanded the money, it re­mained in my hands and some of the same money is in my hands now. Figures in our books were often changed because the board would change so many taxes. Still I am free to confess it would be much better to have done otherwise.

I had more money in my hands on the 1st day of July, 1873, than the committee charged  me with having, and if the board of County Commissioners will settle by that statement and give me bonds that I will not have the balance in my hands to pay, I will make Cowley County a present of several hundred dollars. The committee must think me incompetent because I did not keep still and put the money in my pocket or divide with them.

The only attempt I ever made to withhold anything from the committee, was, I refused to let them have a receipt book, as I thought they were too careless with our books. But I offered to let them have the book if they would use it in my office. I showed them mistakes to the amount of $200 or $300 made by them against me. The others interested can answer for themselves. Yours, etc. E. B. KAGER, Co. Treas.

Winfield Courier, June 19, 1874.

The new school organ has arrived and is established in the school building.

Winfield Courier, June 19, 1874.

The farmers in the vicinity of the Blanchard schoolhouse are going to have a neighborhood celebration on the 4th. T. A. Blanchard, orator of the day.

Winfield Courier, June 19, 1874.

The members of this office are indebted to Miss J. E. Daggart, for an invitation to attend a picnic at the Floral and Pleasant Hill schools. The picnic will be held at the junction of the Dutch and Timber creeks, on Wednesday next, the 24th inst.

Winfield Courier, June 26, 1874.

The teachers association meets at Arkansas City tomorrow.

Winfield Courier, June 26, 1874.

Ida E. Daggett, teacher at the Floral school, sent the COURIER force two splendid cakes in the name of the Floral school.

Excerpt from article...

Winfield Courier, August 7, 1874.

                                          LAZETTE, KANSAS, August 3, 1874.

Just now Lazette is quiet, though business keeps navigating. The school closed on Friday, July 31st. Miss Kate Fitzgerald has been quite successful as a teacher and has given good satisfac­tion to her patrons. Miss Emma Burden’s school closed on the 31st ultimo, after a pleasant and profitable term of twelve weeks. These young ladies are among the rising teachers of this county. HOOSIER.


Winfield Courier, August 7, 1874.

                                   County Treasurer’s Statement for July 1874.

Paid State treasurer: $ 9,338.09

Paid Township treasurer: $45.60

Paid School treasurer: $65.92

Paid School bonds: $,467.00

Tax sales refunded: $26.82

Total: $11,583.63

Rec’d School Land sales: $730.11

Rec’d Personal property warrants: $311.50

Total: $1,041.61

State school fund has been received for July.

Winfield Courier, August 14, 1874.

At the election for school board, the following were elected: D. A. Millington for director, G. S. Manser for clerk, and M. L. Robinson for treasurer. Very good.

Winfield Courier, August 14, 1874.

The singing books belonging to this District in the hands of school children will please be left with the clerk. B. P. Baldwin, at Maris & Baldwin’s Drug Store.

Winfield Courier, August 28, 1874.

The school board have decided to begin school in this city on Monday, the 28th of September. Miss Anna Melville has been engaged to teach the primary department, and Miss Sarah Aldrich for the intermediate department. The principal has not as yet been engaged.

Winfield Courier, September 4, 1874.

The school board of this city has employed W. C. Robinson, Independence, Kansas, to  take charge of our school the coming term. He is a brother to the Treasurer of the school board.


Winfield Courier, September 4, 1874.

                                     Statement of the Treasurer of Cowley County,

                                                           for August 1874.

                                                       MONEY RECEIVED.

State school Supt.: $1,913.94

Fines, J. P. $2.00

Interest on school land sale: $186.07

Prin. on school land sale: $216.00

Redemption certificates: $60.74

Total: $2,378.75

                                                       MONEY PAID OUT.

School bond: $957.43

School district: $1,548.97

School Supt. Orders: $5.75

Redemption certificates: $72.50

Townships: $55.24

Total: $2,639.89


Winfield Courier, September 4, 1874.

J. W. Wyatt, the ex-treasurer of School District No. 94 in this county, was arrested recently by the constable of Windsor Township, and yesterday he was brought to this city, by said constable, for safekeeping. He was arrested for embezzling $22.40 of the school money during his term of office, which expired a few days ago.

Shortly after the arrival in this city of the constable and his prisoner, the former came around to County Attorney Torrance and told him that the latter had given him the slip, and wishing to know what he should do about it.

Mr. Torrance told him that the best thing he could do would be to hunt him up.

“Where shall I look for him?” inquired the consta­ble.

“Look in the direction that you think he went,” said Torrance.

“But he ain’t guilty.”

“How do you know?”

“Well, I know he ain’t and I know that we can prove that he ain’t, so don’t you think that we had better let him go, and prove that he ain’t guilty afterward?”

“No,” said Torrance. “I don’t. After he has been proved to be inno­cent, there is plenty of time to let him go, so you had better hurry and hunt him up.”

The constable started for the door, but before he got to it, he turned round and remarked, “I don’t see any need for you to come clear over to our place just to prose­cute this innocent man. Hadn’t you better depute Mr. Story to set in your place and then write him a note saying that you don’t think the prisoner is guilty, and for Story not to appear against him!”

Upon this Torrance began to feel angry and told the consta­ble that the sooner he started after that prisoner, the sooner he would be apt to catch him and he needn’t trouble himself about the prosecution for he would be there himself to attend to the case.

In a short time the constable was seen to disappear behind the blacksmith shop opposite the Methodist church; and in about half an hour, he emerged on the back of his horse with the prisoner walking by his side and took his way back to Lazette.

Wyatt receives his trial before Justice Gans today.

Winfield Courier, September 11, 1874.    

The constable of Windsor Township who last week had charge of Wyatt, the defaulting treasurer of School District number 94, after trying in vain to let his prisoner get away from him while he was in this city, got on a drunk at Lazette and of course Wyatt didn’t feel it to be his duty to take care of the drunken constable, so he went off some place, and when County Attorney Torrance went to Lazette last Friday, to prosecute the case, no prisoner was there to proceed against.

Winfield Courier, September 11, 1874.

                                                         Sealed Proposals.

SEALED proposals will be received by the District Clerk of School District No. 1, at Curns & Manser’s office, until Monday, Sept. 21, 1874, for furnishing said School District with 15 cords of first class seasoned firewood, to be delivered at the school building as the board may direct. The right is reserved to reject any and all bids. By order of the Board of school dis­trict number one. C. S. MANSER, Dist. Clerk.

Winfield Courier, September 11, 1874.

The Winfield Literary and Dramatic Club will give an enter­tainment under the management of T. A. Wilkinson, on Thursday, Sept. 30. A full programme will appear in next week’s issue. The proceeds are to be applied in paying for the Public School Organ. Great pains will be taken to make this the best affair of the kind ever held in Winfield. Mrs. Russell of Wichita, one of the finest singers in the state, and Professors Hulse and E. J. Hoyt are expected to aid in the entertainment.

Winfield Courier, September 25, 1874.

School commences next Monday with the following teachers: W. C. Robinson, principal, Miss Sarah E. Aldrich, intermediate, and Miss Anna Melville, primary. Only one of these, Miss Mel­ville, we believe is, or has ever been, a resident of this county, and so far as we are concerned, we most sincerely protest against the action of the School Board in importing teachers. We have in Cowley County young men and women just as well qualified, who helped to make our schools what they are, who have helped to build up our county, and who, now that the hard times have set in, need the salary. Some of them should have been selected. We haven’t one word to say against the teachers employed. They are, no doubt, well qualified for their respective positions. But we do think that the board committed a great error—one for which they will not soon get the forgiveness of the patrons of the school.

Winfield Courier, October 2, 1874.

The teachers’ Institute commences next Monday.

Winfield Courier, October 2, 1874.

The public schools in this city commenced last Monday with the following teachers: Prof. W. C. Robinson, Principal; Misses Aldrich, Intermediate, and Miss Melville, primary, at a salary of $100, $50, and $40 respectively. Pretty good wages we should think for Grasshopper times.

Winfield Courier, October 2, 1874.

Programme of the Literary and Musical Entertainment to be given at the Courthouse in Winfield, in connection with the Teacher’s Institute, for the benefit of the Public School Organ fund, on Wednesday evening, October 7th, 1874.

Listing participants only.

Prof. E. J. Hoyt, leader, orchestra; Glee club; poem by W. W. Walton, essay by Miss Melville of the Emporia State Normal School, son by Mrs. Russell of Wichita and Prof. E. W. Hulse, essay by Miss Jennie Greenlee, duet and chorus by Mrs. Kelly and Mrs. A. C. Wilkinson, instrumental music by Miss Ora Lowry and T. A. Wilkinson.

A farce in one act, “Specter Bridegroom, or a Ghost in Spite of Himself,” was put on by T. A. Wilkinson, James Kelly, W. W. Walton, V. B. Beckett, A. H. Hane, Fred C. Hunt, Mrs. James Kelly, Mrs. Flint.

Single tickets 50 cents; 75 cents for gent and lady. Children half price.

Excerpt from article...concerns robbing “school fund.”

Winfield Courier, October 2, 1874.

                                   A CAMPAIGN MEETING IN WINFIELD!

Nelson Abbott came to Winfield the day that September left. Wednesday night the courtroom filled with voters to hear Nelson speak. Besides some things that Nelson isn’t, he is a candidate on the “reform” ticket for Secretary of State. Nelson is some things, but he isn’t a good many things. He is the publisher of a democratic paper in Atchison, he is an awkward public speaker, is doing the republican ticket much good, and is a fair specimen of the “reform” genius. He isn’t an honest man, he isn’t doing his cause any good, he isn’t paying off those lottery tickets, isn’t telling the truth one-third of the time when he talks, isn’t fooling anybody with his lies, isn’t going to be elected secretary of state.

He opened his remarks by saying that last fall the reform party had only county organizations throughout the state, and that said reformers were successful in electing their candidates in a majority of the counties. This being true the reformers had a majority in the Legislature. He then charged this same legislature with authorizing Barbour and Harper counties to issue large amounts of bonds, fraudulently. That was the work of the reform legislature, Nelson, and not chargeable to the republican party. He then charged the republican party with robbing the school fund of 500,000 acres of land and giving it to railroads, but forgot to tell us that Sam Crawford, who is now a noisy reformer, was governor at the time and signed the bill, and that F. W. Potter and dozens of other blatant reformers were then members of the legislature and voted for the bill and held the law to be constitutional.

Winfield Courier, October 9, 1874.

The Teachers’ Institute commenced Monday and closed last evening. There were some 28 teachers in attendance. The examina­tion of teachers commenced today.

Winfield Courier, October 9, 1874.

The Teachers’ Institute held here this week unanimously resolved that T. A. Wilkinson ought to be re-elected; and call upon the friends of education throughout the county to re-elect him to the office of county superintendent.


Winfield Courier, October 9, 1874.

                                                            Lazette News.

The teachers of this part of Cowley County have been holding meetings preparatory to the coming Institute and examination. At their last meeting on Friday, steps were taken for the perfecting of an organization to be known as the Grouse Creek Teacher’s Association. The first meeting will be held Oct. 24th, at the schoolhouse in Lazette. All Parties interested in this matter are invited to be present at that time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1874.

                                                 TEACHERS’ INSTITUTE.

                                        WINFIELD, KANSAS, Oct. 5th, 1874.

Institute met per appointment at schoolhouse. 1 o’clock p.m., Prof. Wilkinson in the chair. After singing and appoint­ment of Committees, the rhetorical exercises of the day were entered upon.

1st. Class drill in grammar by Miss N. M. Aldrich.

2nd. Object lesson by Miss Anna Melville.

3rd. Class drill in mental arithmetic by Prof. Robinson.

4th. A short lecture on theory and practice by Prof. Wilkinson, which was both interesting and instructive. He urged upon the teachers the necessity of a complete system of uniformity of government, in which he gave several useful hints about calling and dismissing classes. The treatment of different temperaments met in our common schools—

making his remarks more effective by illustrations from former schools of his own.

Prof. Robinson’s exercise in mental arithmetic was one that could be practiced in all our district and graded schools with great success, and as he told us, it will always prove diverting and instructive, strengthening the mind as no other one method can. And we have no doubt the teachers will introduce it into their schools. . . .

                                                            Oct. 6th, 1874.

After the devotional services the following exercises took place.

Class drill in spelling by E. A. Millard.

Class drill in drawing by Miss Lillian Norton.

Class drill in arithmetic by Prof. Robinson.

Class drill on the organization of country schools by Prof. Kellogg.

Class drill in penmanship by Geo. W. Melville. . . .

Prof. Kellogg’s class drill was excellent. He awoke life and interest among the teachers. He drew methods and idea from the teachers—deciding upon those that he thought best for adoption, and presenting them in clear concise language. His remarks were spicy and entertaining.

Lesson in penmanship by Mr. Melville, good. He urged upon the teachers the necessity of some one system of penmanship, and the adoption of that by the whole school, devoting a portion of each day to a thorough drill causing pupils to improve slowly but surely. He recommended the Spenserian system. His lesson was given from that.

Miss Norton’s method on drawing was a happy combination of instruction and pleasure, as it calls out ideas from each and every pupil, teaching at the same time the beauty of invention and the training of the eye and hand.

Class drilling in spelling by Mr. Millard, was well conduct­ed, and the teacher seemed to understand his work. The method presented for teaching spelling was really a superior one, and cannot fail to awaken interest in the dullest of classes. The teachers could not help noting the difference between the method presented by Mr. Millard and the old method of oral spelling from text book. The lesson consisted of the spelling of an object, its parts, and description of parts, the teacher pronouncing and the pupils writing the words upon their slates, which were to be corrected by the teacher after school closed. He believes the Analytical speller to be the standard.

Class drill in arithmetic by Prof. Robinson. The Prof. dwelt at length upon the necessity of a thorough drill in numera­tion and notation, holding them as the only key by which arithme­tic can be taught successfully. After which followed an explana­tion about inverting the terms of the divisor in division of fractions, which he did full justice to as it is one of the most difficult parts of arithmetic to teach, and the teachers were glad to hear his method, which can be found in “Robinson’s Practical Arithmetic.”

Miss Greenlee’s class drill in primary arithmetic was short, but excellent and to the point. It was something that we needed—how to teach primary arithmetic. Her plan was new and simple. She commenced her work energetically, and by being greatly interested herself produced a like interest among her pupils.

Reading by Miss Daggett was good. The method she presented was a combination of the letter and word method combined—having the pupil learn the name of the object by first placing the object before them and then the names used in the description of the object, and after that they are required to learn the letters of the different words, thus doing away entirely with the method of “learning the letters first.”

                                                            Oct. 7th, 1874.

Institute called to order by Miss Greenlee.

Singing and devotional exercises.

Appointment of Miss Melville as critic.

After appointment of critic, the following exercises were conducted.

Class drill in language by Miss Lillian Norton, was both interesting and instructive. The blackboard exercise was full of practical hints and illustrations, and one we would recommend to all teachers.

The next exercise was a general debate on the subject of orthoepy. Many opinions were offered, a few of which might bear adoption. The general conclusion being that authors differ very materially.

Mr. W. W. Walton, our county surveyor, then presented to the teachers the subject of map drawing, introducing for their benefit, what he termed the circular system, which was entirely new to many and combining simplicity and beauty, and on the whole a very easy and practical method. We would say to Mr. Walton, when we have another Institute, do so again.

Miss Melville then gave the teachers a short drill in calisthenics. Something very much needed in our schools after a period of hard study.

Mr. Hall then took up the subject of spelling. His method is to have the lessons written on the pupils’ slates, assigning only as much as can be learned thoroughly. He would do away with the old method of oral spelling in the class.

Mr. Melville’s method of the study of history was calculated to amuse as well as instruct, and to keep the mind of the pupil actively engaged in searching after interesting historical facts and events.

Mr. Lee in his class drill in arithmetic said he would dispense with the text book almost entirely and substitute work from general knowledge already acquired only referring occasionally to text books, and confine the pupils to work he would give from his own mind.

[Similar matters were covered on October 8th, the last day of Institute.]

The following teachers were present at this Institute: Lizzie Landis, Anna Mark, Justus Fisher, J. C. Armstrong, T. B. Hall, E. G. Water, Nellie M. Aldrich, Estella Thompson, Lillian Norton, Ida Daggett, Nettie Porter, E. J. Pepper, Wm. Lee, C. H. Eagin, Wm. E. Ketcham, N. S. Mounts, Ettie Fowler, S. Bucher, R. B. Corson, Mary Graham, Lizzie Graham, J. W. Tullis, Jennie Hawkins, E. W. Hulse, J. S. Stratford, E. A. Small, Gertie Davis, Thomas Maginnis, W. C. Robinson, T. J. Conner, S. E. Aldrich, Addie Hollister, Lizzie Ireton, Annie Melville, M. E. Dudley, E. A. Millard, W. H. H. McKinnon, H. J. Sandfort, E. J. Greenlee, E. A. Goodrich, Katie Fitzgerald, Carrie Morris, R. C. Maurer, Carrie Dixon, Libbie West, Lizzie Stine, E. C. Seward, Mary Huston, G. W. Melville, A. K. Stevenson.

Excerpt from article...

Winfield Courier, October 15, 1874.

                                                         LAZETTE NEWS.

The schoolhouse is undergoing repairs and improvements preparatory to the opening of school, which will take place next Monday.

Excerpts from article...

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1874.

                                          REPUBLICAN COUNTY TICKET.

         For Superintendent of Public Instruction: Thomas A. Wilkinson, of Bolton Township.

And last, though by no means the least, we have for County Superintendent of Public Instruction, THOMAS A. WILKINSON, of Bolton Township. Prof. Wilkinson has served the people of this county in the same capacity for the past two years. Finding, on coming into office two years ago everything in chaos and confu­sion, it required all the energy and ability of which he is master to get things in working order, until now, under his administration Cowley County can boast of better schools than any of her sister counties. A man of untiring energy, of excellent ability, a thorough scholar, we know of no man so well qualified to discharge the duties of the office of Superintendent as Prof. Wilkinson.

Excerpts from article...

Winfield Courier, October 29, 1874.

On the evening of October 22nd, the citizens of this vicinity [Lazette] were entertained with speeches by part of the Indepen­dent candidates, and by some who were not candidates. Mr. Hemenway was called to the chair and introduced the speakers in a few well chosen and appropriate remarks.

Mr. Melville then made a few remarks regarding the office of School Superintendent, pledging himself to work for three dollars per day, and to charge only for the days actually employed in official labors. He thought that the saving to the county by his election would be several hundred dollars.

Mr. Julius Woollen was called for, and his judgment was, that as Mr. Wilkinson had done good service for the county in the cause of common schools, it would be a matter of justice to re-elect him to the office of Superintendent.

Excerpts from article...

Winfield Courier, October 29, 1874.

                                                            Lazette News.

Judge Moore, L. J. Webb, and T. A. Wilkinson paid our village a short visit last week. The notices of the coming of these gentlemen were not received and the crowd was small which met with them here. But they thus got better acquainted with the citizens whom they did meet.

The public schools along the valley are reported to be in a flourishing condition.

On the 24th, the Grouse Creek Teachers’ Association was permanently organized. The officers elected are as follows: President, R. C. Story; Vice President, Miss Ida Daggett; Secre­tary, Julius Woollen; Assistant Secretary, Miss Belle Dudley; Critic, Miss Kate Fitzgerald. In the afternoon Mr. Story delivered an address on the subject of English words, and their etymology. Miss Daggett read an essay on the aims and ends of our association. Mr. Woollen gave an address on the true basis of teaching. The meeting was pleasant and profitable. The next session will be held November 14th.

Winfield Courier, November 12, 1874.

                                                        Our Public Schools.

Below we give the course of study pursued by the Public Schools of the city of Winfield, as adopted by the Board of Education, Oct. 1st, 1874.

                                                  PRIMARY DEPARTMENT.

Chart exercises or first steps in reading.

First reader, commenced and finished.

Second reader, commenced and finished.

First lesson in drawing, combination of straight lines and angles.

Writing commenced, embracing the first four principles in the formation of letters.

Multiplication table through the 6's.

Easy examples including the principles of addition and subtraction.

Spelling in words of one and two syllables.

Language lessons or first steps in composition.

Object lessons throughout the department.

Calisthenics throughout the department.

                                            INTERMEDIATE DEPARTMENT.

Third reader commenced and finished.

Fourth reader commenced and finished.

Multiplication table complete.

Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and com­pound numbers.

Intellectual arithmetic.

Grammar, analysis and false syntax.

Geography, oral lessons—the continents at large.

Spelling to page fifty. Analytical speller.

Writing, numbers two and three, Spenserian system.

Object lessons throughout the department.

Singing throughout the department.

Calisthenics throughout the department.

                                                GRAMMAR DEPARTMENT.

Fifth reader.

Geography—Europe, Asia, North and South America, and a few lessons in Africa.

Arithmetic, third book, finished.

Arithmetic, higher, commenced.

Algebra, Elementary commenced and finished.

Algebra, Higher, commenced and finished.

Geometry, commenced and finished.

History, U. S., from 1765 through the Great Rebellion.




Map drawing.

Penmanship, Spenserian system.

Intellectual arithmetic.

Oral lessons.



The above will be carefully followed by the schools of the city, and by thus making our work systematic, we hope to accom­plish all that should be expected of schools of the grade of ours. We trust the patrons will cooperate with the School Board, and the teachers, in their efforts to work our schools to a standard second to none of their grade. Teachers will insist on regular and punctual attendance of the pupils on all sessions of the schools and we hope all interested will aid in this.

A limited number of tuition students can be accommodated as follows.

Primary department, $1.25 per month.

Intermediate department, $1.75 per month.

Grammar department, $2.00 per month.

The schools are always open to those interested, and the teachers will be glad to have them freely visited and the stand­ing progress noted and criticized.

                                                 W. C. ROBINSON, Principal.

                                           MISS S. E. ALDRICH, Intermediate.

                                            MISS ANNA MELVILLE, Primary.



Winfield Courier, November 12, 1874.

School commenced here last Monday, under the able management of Eugene Millard, who holds first class honors as a teacher.


Winfield Courier, November 19, 1874.

                                                            Lazette News.

On Friday evening a spelling school was held at the school­house. Quite a number were in attendance and acquitted them­selves with credit. Mr. Manley Hemenway and Mr. B. H. Clover took a tilt at a list of ninety-nine hard words, and came off with honor.

The following scholars deserve honorable mention for atten­dance, promptness, deportment, and good standing in classes during the month ending on the 13th.

Emma Burden, Ella Clover, Charles Cunningham, Lizzie Hoff, George Lee, Nannie McDaniels, Miles Smith, Chas. Walsh, and Britto Wingar.

On Saturday the Grouse Valley Teachers’ Association met. The matter of map drawing was presented by R. C. Story. Julius Woolen gave his views on the proper study of history. Mr. Wingar gave some instructions in the method of teaching music. The meeting was pleasant, and a successful one.

Winfield Courier, November 19, 1874.

                                                       To School Teachers.

District 45 wants a school teacher, and will employ the right kind immediately at a good salary. Apply at this office or to N. Wiggins, Winfield.

Winfield Courier, November 19, 1874.

                                                          A Pleasant Time.

Upon the invitation of the Maple Grove Grange of this county, a party consisting of Prof. Wilkinson, Mrs. Wilkinson, E. S. Torrance, Esq., Miss Helen Parmelee, ourself, and Mrs. Kelly attended the open session of that grange last Monday evening. This grange is held at what is called Ferguson’s schoolhouse in district 45. The schoolhouse is, perhaps, one of the best in the county outside of Winfield and Arkansas City. It cost the district nearly $1,000 in bonds. On our arrival we found the house full to overflowing with big and little grangers, the sons and daughters of honest toil.

The Grange was called to order by the Worthy Master, Mr. James H. Land, who briefly announced the object of the open session. An opening song being sung by the members, and prayer by the Chaplain, the grange was declared ready for business.

First a lecture was given by Mr. Frazier, in which he depicted the oppression and tyranny of today as equaled only by the oppression of the colonists in the days of King George the III. That it was the laboring men and farmers of that day who threw off the galling yoke just as the farmers and laborers of today would break the chains with which they are bound.

Next came a song by Mr. McCune. Then instrumental music by Professor Wilkinson and Mrs. Kelly. An essay was read by Mrs. Amanda Roberts on the old, old theme of “Woman’s Work.” This to our mind, was the best production of the evening. Her essay was well prepared, and aside from a pardonable embarrassment, well read. The whistling “Plow Boy,” was then sung, after which a speech by Mr. T. J. Johnson. Then a paper entitled “Boys on the Farm,” was read by Mr. C. A. Roberts, which was quite humorous.

Prof. Wilkinson made a short speech in which he advised the farmers to begin the work of reformation at home, and not mix the “tailings” with good wheat, nor sell half hatched, for fresh eggs. When the regular order had been gone through with E. S. Torrance, Esq., ourself and several others were called out but declined to make speeches. The thanks of the Grange was voted to the party from Winfield for the music furnished, when the meeting was closed in Grange order. The Winfield party are under obliga­tions to Mr. David Ferguson for transportation to and from the meeting.

Winfield Courier, November 19, 1874.


From Pete Hanson, a bay pony 15 hands high, heavy mane and tail, and five years old. Also a saddle and bridle belonging to John Casper. Said pony was taken Friday, the 6th inst., from the Floral schoolhouse. The finder will be liberally rewarded.

Winfield Courier, November 26, 1874.

T. A. Wilkinson is about to organize a singing class in this city, which will meet on Friday evening of each week, commencing tomorrow evening, and continuing for twenty-four weeks. The school will close with a three day’s drill and a rousing concert, which it is intended shall eclipse anything of the kind ever before given in this city.

Excerpt from obituary item...

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1874.

DIED. At her residence in Cowley County, Kansas, November the 14th, 1874, of congestion, Joana, wife of Philip Stump, in the 41st year of her age. The funeral services took place at Little Dutch Schoolhouse, on Sabbath, November 15th.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1874.

There will be an examination of Teachers at the office of the undersigned in Winfield, on Tuesday, Dec. 15th, 1874, at 11 o’clock a.m. T. A. WILKINSON, Supt. Pub. In.

Excerpts from article...


Winfield Courier, December 10, 1874.

The spelling school on the night of the 30th was quite well attended. Manley Hemenway and Ben. Clover carried off the ribbons.

The Literary society at the Union schoolhouse had an inter­esting meeting on the evening of the 4th. The repeal of the herd law was discussed, and the young ladies gave select reading and essays.

Miss Kate Fitzgerald’s school closed on Friday last.



Winfield Courier, December 10, 1874.

The Cotton Blossom minstrels gave us a visit last week, entertaining one crowd for awhile at the schoolhouse, and another until the ‘wae sma’ hours at the Harris House.

A Literary society was organized last Monday night at the Union Schoolhouse.

The Lazette School now numbers 45 and is in a very flourish­ing condition.

A movement is on foot for the purpose of reanimating the Lazette Literary Association.

The Grouse Valley Teachers Association will meet the 19th of December. The following programme is presented.

True Bases of teaching: Rev. Wingar; Drawing in the Public Schools, Julius Wallen.

Method of teaching primary reading: Miss Ida Daggett.

Elocution, R. C. Story.

Word building, Belle Dudley.

Music in the Public schools, Miss Jennie Wingar.

Writing and Orthography, Miss Kate Fitzgerald.


Winfield Courier, December 24, 1874.

                                                            Lazette News.

The Grouse Valley Teacher’s Association met on the 19th inst. Matters of general interest to the association and to individual teachers were discussed and a programme adopted for the next meeting, January 23.

Note that School Districts 60 and 22 in Richland Township were members...

Winfield Courier, December 24, 1874.

The following is a list of the different Township Relief Committees who have reported to the County Committee.

Dexter Township: K. Cline, R. Hite, and J. D. Maurer.

Maple Township: Adam Walck, J. N. Adams, and Joe Boden.

School districts 60 & 22—Richland Township. John Lenard, N. J. Larkin, and G. L. Bainbridge.

Vernon Township: A. S. Williams, Wm. Carter, D. M. Hopkins, and J. E. Dunn.

Richland Township: J. W. Cottingham, L. Stevens, S. W. Phoenix.

Ninnescah Township: T. Walker, A. D. Wood, and P. W. Smith.

Tisdale Township: J. J. Johnson, Philo Hedges, Q. Hawkins, J. A. McGuire, and A. Thompson.

Spring Creek Township: H. S. Libby, R. P. Goodrich, Isaac Howe.

Winfield Township: Jas. H. Land, Robert Weakly, and S. D. Klingman.

Pleasant Valley Township: Will. Henderson, Wood Retherford, Isaac Huff.

Silver Creek Township: A. P. Brooks, H. N. Hulse, S. P. Cook, Jas. Jackson, J. H. Watson.

Winfield Courier, December 24, 1874.

There will be a literary, musical, and dramatic entertain­ment given in behalf of the public school organ fund of Winfield, under the management of the Winfield and Arkansas City literary and dramatic clubs, at the courthouse in Winfield, immediately following the holidays. A full programme will be appear in the next issue of the COURIER.

JAMES KELLY, T. A. WILKINSON, E. W. HULSE. Committee on management.

Winfield Courier, December 31, 1874.

In this issue we publish a communication from school dis­trict number 63, in Otter Township, in reference to a slight difficulty they are having with their teacher, Mr. Aley. We are not personally acquainted with the circumstances of the case, and only know Superintendent Wilkinson, and School Examiner Fairbank, after hearing the evidence, gave it as their opinion that al­though the punishment might have been rather severe, it was deserved.

Winfield Courier, December 31, 1874. Editorial Page.

                                            Trouble in School District No. 63.

                        OTTER TP., COWLEY CO., KAN., December 27th, 1874.

ED. COURIER: I suppose you are not aware that there is such a place as Otter Township in your county—but there is; and I suppose that our worthy county superintendent is not aware that there is such a School District as District No. 63, as he has never visited said District, but that is even so, and we had a school which seemed to be progressing well until about the 22nd of this month, when our teacher, Mr. Jas. Aley, went back into the days of barbarism, and flogged one of the scholars (a cripple with both legs off) nearly to death.

The school board, learning of the affair, called a meeting of the citizens to investigate the matter which was done in the following manner, the director in the chair, the charge of cruelly beating one of the scholars, to-wit, John Kennedy, without cause, was made against the teacher. Several of the scholars, [Last two or three lines blacked out/print starts at top of next column. MAW]

John unmercifully, and that they could see no cause for the whipping. The stick used was preserved by some of the boys and produced on trial, and acknowledged to be the same by Mr. Aley. It was five feet and two inches long, and Mr. Aley said it was eight inches longer when he commenced whipping John with it, and was near an inch thick at the butt end.

The witnesses stated that they examined John at recess an hour and a half afterwards and there were welts or lumps on him as large as goose eggs, caused by the whipping. Mr. Aley being asked what he done so for, said it was for violating the rules in about forty things, and on being asked for his rules, he said he had no rules nor would not have if he taught ten years. John and all the witnesses say he done nothing that anyone would think of being any violation of the rules, so it seems that Mr. Aley wanted to do something to get a great name and thought he could do so by flogging some of the scholars half to death, and select­ed John as the victim, he having no legs to get around on. The other boys all had two legs, and might have made warm work of it if he had selected any of them. But he was sharp—he has got the big name. The school board and the citizens, unanimously, except Aley’s brother, asked him to resign. Please publish the above that all teachers may know how to get a big name, and oblige School District No. 63. JACK SUGGS.


Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

We regret to learn of the severe illness of Mrs. Greenlee, four miles south of town. Her daughter, Miss Jennie Greenlee, has been relieved of her duties as a school teacher, for a time, by Miss Mollie Bryant, in order that she may give her entire attention to the care of her mother.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875. Editorial Page.

We understand that a movement is on foot to vote $10,000 bonds to build an addition to the schoolhouse in this district. Now while we would take as much pleasure in having a splendid school building with ample accommodations as any man in the district, yet we consider it the height of folly to vote that, or any other amount of bonds at this time. Nor do we believe the voters of school district No. 1 are crazy enough to let it be done. This district pays now a tax of seven mills on the dollar on a bond of $5,000, to build the one we have already got, and to double or triple that amount in the face of drouth, grasshoppers and everything else, would be sheer lunacy. We hope the movers of this thing will give it up at least until we have recovered from our present distress.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

The Pleasant View school—Miss Nettie Porter, teacher, assisted by the Maple Grove school—Miss Kate Millington, teach­er, gave an exhibition, on a small scale, at the house of the former, last evening. The exercises consisted of declama­tions, singing, and spelling. The selections were good, well prepared, and usually well rendered. The whole affair was pleasant and enjoyable. These exhibitions or “spelling schools” as they are called, occur weekly, alternating between the two districts.


Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

                                                            Lazette News.

The Grouse Valley Teacher’s Association will meet at this place on Saturday, the 23rd inst., when the following programme will be presented: Essay, Miss Bell Dudley; Philosophy of Teaching, J. J. Wingar; American History, J. M. Woollen; English Grammar, R. C. Story; Primary Arithmetic, Miss Ida Daggett; Practical Arithmetic, Mr. Hulse.

                       All persons interested in educational matters are invited to attend.

The school taught by Julius Woollen closed its term on the 20th inst. Mr. Woollen is one of the best instructors in the valley, and his school has been a successful one.

The Lazette school closed this week. Fifty-two scholars were enrolled, and the attendance was remarkably good for the greater portion of the time.

The school taught by Roll Maurer some few miles south of Lazette closed its session this week.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

                                             LAZETTE, Kansas, Jan. 19, 1875.

The citizens of Windsor Township met pursuant to a call, to organize an aid society and elect a committee to cooperate with the Cowley County committee on relief, in procuring aid for the needy. The officers of the Windsor Township aid society, are S. M. Tillson, Pres., C. J. Phenis, Vice Pres., A. J. Pickering, sec. Committee consisting of I. N. McCracken, C. J. Phenis, S. B. Sherman. On motion there was a committee of one elected for each school district to assist in canvassing the township to ascertain the exact number of destitute. The following were the appointments: Dist. No. 15, P. McDaniel; Dist. 14, W. E. Gates; Dist. 16, S. D. Tomlin, Dist, 87, T. J. Harris, Dist. 57, Jesse Hiatt. By order of the society the committee will canvass the township and report on Thursday evening, and send in their report to the Co. relief committee on Friday. On motion it was ordered by the society that a copy of the proceedings of this meeting be furnished the COURIER and the Traveler for publication. A. J. PICKERING, Secy.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

                                                         January 11th, 1875.

At a meeting of the citizens of School District Number 67 of Cedar Township, Cowley County, Kansas, to take action in regard to the destitute of said school district, L. T. Wells was called to the chair, and A. A. Metcalf was chosen Secretary. The following preamble and resolutions were then read and adopted.

WHEREAS, The citizens of Cedar Township have failed to organize a relief committee in said township, and

WHEREAS, There is already great need of relief, especially in district 67. Therefore,

Be it Resolved, That we the citizens of said district appoint a committee of three to look after our needy and to correspond with the chairman of the Central Relief Committee of this county and procure such relief as is needed or can be procured and be it further

Resolved, That a copy of this resolution and minutes of this meeting be furnished the Winfield COURIER, with a request that the same be published.

The following gentlemen were chosen as above named commit­tee: S. E. Butler, Ira Patton, A. A. Metcalf. L. T. WELLS, Chairman. A. A. METCALF, Secretary.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

The entertainment given at the courthouse last week for the benefit of the school organ fund, in which the Arkansas City Dramatic Club took part, lacked just two dollars of paying expenses.


Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

                                                            Tisdale Items.

A singing school has been organized under the superinten­dence of Professor Thomas. It promises to be a complete success.

The chairman of the township relief committee called the citizens together on the evening of the 22nd to transact some very important business for the benefit of the needy, and by 7 p.m. the schoolhouse was filled to overflowing with as hungry a looking set of men as is often seen in any assembly. The chair­man called the meeting to order and stated that the object of the meeting was to see what had been done with the aid that had been received up to that time, as charges had been entered against a member of the committee living in the south part of the township.

Alexander Thompson had been charged with receiving 400 pounds of flour, and distributing the same among his needy neighbors without first hauling it to the north part of the township and turning it over to the chairman of the committee, Mr. J. J. Johnson, and allowing him to distribute the same among some of his neighbors who were also needy and who had been troubling him by intruding on his business and premises, by applying to him for rations, when he—like the devil on the mount—had nothing to give. A motion was carried that the committee make a statement of what they had done with the suffer­ers of the township. Mr. Thompson was called and stated that he had received 400 pounds of flour and some clothing, and had also distributed the same to the needy, and had the papers to show who and what amount each had received, and further that he had visited thirty-two families and taken a list of their wants, and reported the same to the county committee.

Mr. Johnson was next called, and while scratching his head, stated that he knew there were some families in the north part of the township who were suffering but he had done nothing to assist them.

Other members reported the same except Mr. McGuire; who gave an account of 100 pounds of meat received and distributed.

But as Mr. Thompson was the only member of the committee who had taken any active part to relieve the needy and find out the want of the people; and as the Commissioners at their last meeting had made a new township off of the south part of Tisdale, it was moved and carried that the new township of Liberty take care of itself. As two of the committee lived in that territory, the chairman appointed two to fill the vacancy.

A vote of thanks was then given to Mr. Thompson for the active part he had taken as a member of the committee, and the good he had done in assisting the needy in his part of the township, while hisses loud and long went up against those who had been inactive and done nothing, and who were at the same time trying to censure the only member who had been true to his suffering neighbors.

But there will be no need of quarreling now, as one of the newly appointed committee, E. P. Young, has decided to take care of all the relief goods received, and store them away in his fine stone dwelling where they will be as safe as the goods he swin­dled some men of the east out of a few years ago.

But just now I learn that a request has been forwarded to the County Committee not to issue any relief goods to the said E. P. Young, as there is another meeting to be called and Mr. Young relieved of all the trouble he was about to be put to, in storing away what the people need, as the citizens look upon him as a man unfit to handle anything that belongs to a suffering and needy people. I presume they judge the future by the past.

We learn by letter that J. A. McGuire has begun his mission for the grasshopper sufferers in Clark County, Illinois. John is a worker and we may expect to hear from him soon.


Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

The Winfield Institute gives a lecture next Wednesday evening.

Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

A Winfield correspondent of the Traveler says that the teachers in the public schools of this city are Prof. Robinson and Miss Greenlee. That correspondent is well posted. Miss Greenlee teaches school four miles south of town. The Winfield teachers are Prof. Robinson, Miss Melville, and Miss Aldrich. Better change correspondents, Scott.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

A report was given relative to pupils attending grammar and intermediate departments of Winfield schools by W. C. Robinson. “The efficiency of our schools is much hindered by tardiness and irregular attendance. Parents will oblige us by aiding in overcoming this difficulty.” Students in different departments were listed.

                                                  Intermediate Department.

Georgie Black, Grant Bodwell, Oscar Cochran, Charley Dever, Willie Ferguson, Frank Freeland, Robert Hudson, Joseph Hudson, Willie Leffingwell, John Likowski, Richie Mansfield, Bennie Manning, Georgia McDonald, Willie Prescott, Frank Robinson, Willie Tarrant, Alfred Tarrant, Willie Walker, Charlie Weathers, Robert Hubbard, Hattie Andrews, Mary Bodwell, Cora Bullene, Ida Black, Anna Bishop, Winnie Barnard, Luella Cowen, Sylvia Darrah, Ida Dressel, Julia Deming, Katy Davis, Lila Doty, Annie Hunt, Emma Howland, Alice Hill, Sarah Hudson, Ida Johnson, Edith Kennedy, Josie McMasters, Nannie McGee, Amy McQuiston, Lutie Newman, Minnie Stewart, Jennie Weathers, Effie White, Lillie Lappan, Mary Knowles, Emma Knowles, Leona Corkins, Iola Corkins, Martha Copple.

                                                     Grammar Department.

Delhe Kennedy, Eddie Whitehead, Frank Howard, Holiday Menor, Addison Powers, Thos. Cochran, Robert Dever, Rolly Millspaugh, Frank Howland, Harry McMillen, Robert Deming, Isaac Johnson, Fred Hunt, Thos. Lowry, Wm. Hudson, Harvey Thomas, Willie McClellan, Harold Mansfield, Eddie Likowski, Ora Lowry, Ella Freeland, Nettie Quarles, Belle Galbraith, Ines Griswold, Ella Manly, Kate Johnson, Jennie Hane, Jennie Lowry, Mary Cochran, Ida McMillen, Mary Hudson, Nellie Powers, Nellie Barnard, Cora Andrews, Bertha Lamb, Eugenie Holmes, Laura McMillen, Pella Bradish, Jessie Millington, Hortense Holmes, Mattie Minnihan, Maggie Dever, Lillie Ford.

Fred Hunt, Miss Jennie Hane, and Miss Ella Freeland are graduates in spelling, each having spelled 400 words in regular recitation without missing one.

We wish those interested would freely visit our schools and remark about anything either satis­factory or unsatisfactory.

                                     W. C. ROBINSON, MISS S. E. ALDRICH.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

There will be an examination of school teachers at the office of the undersigned in Winfield on Saturday, February 20th, 1875, at 10 o’clock a.m.

                                                T. A. WILKINSON, Co. Supt.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875. Editorial.

                                       GO SLOW, MR. REPRESENTATIVE.

A proposition is before the legislature to issue $95,000 worth of state bonds, said bonds to be sold for not less than ninety-five cents on the dollar, and the money thus obtained is to be used in furnishing food and seed for the destitute in certain parts of the state. This is opposed by members from the eastern and taxpaying portion of the state. An amendment was voted down that required a pro rata distribution among the destitute in every part of the state. This should have been allowed; and in this way, the bill should pass.

Our warning to “go slow,” is addressed to those members who are favoring a substitute for the above mentioned bill, which substitute proposes to sell the bonds belonging to the permanent school fund of the state, and then to invest said permanent school fund in county relief bonds. To make this matter more clear, we will state the whole case. Every 16th and 36th section of land in the state is given by the general government to Kansas for the support of its common schools. This land is sold and the money invested in bonds. The interest on the bonds is divided among the school districts of the state per scholar. The princi­pal remains a sacred fund that cannot be diminished. It happens that over three hundred thousand dollars of this school fund is invested in Kansas state bonds, which are good, and the interest upon which is regularly paid. Now it is proposed by some members of the legislature to sell these state bonds and authorize the destitute counties to issue relief bonds which shall be purchased with this school money. We most solemnly protest against any such investment of our school money. The bonds of some of those western counties are not worth a farthing. Some of them are already overburdened with debt. They are liable to be depopulat­ed any day by a hurricane, hailstorm, drouth, or grasshoppers. Already several thousand dollars of the state school fund is invested in school district bonds issued in said counties, which investment is a dead loss. School districts No.’s 2 and 3 of Comanche County have each issued one thousand dollars in bonds which were purchased by said state school fund, but no one lives in Comanche County nor ever did. These bonds might be given to the destitute of Hutchinson, where the fraud originated. Bonds have been issued in those barren counties for railroads, courthouses, bridges, schoolhouses, outstanding indebtedness, and other purposes. It is the bond voters paradise. There is no limit to their ability to issue, but they should never find a market with the commissioners of the permanent school fund of the state.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

The effort to pass a law investing the state school fund in county relief bonds, of which we spoke last week, failed in the senate. The same thing is up again in another form.

Note action taken to reduce wages of female teachers...

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

                                                The Winfield Board of Trade.

We are informed that several of our influential citizens have organized an organization to be known as the Winfield City Board of Trade. The purpose of the organization is the welfare of the city and county. We have been presented with the follow­ing resolutions for publication as having been passed at their first meeting.

Resolved: That the interests of Winfield are not promoted by the publication of three papers therein.

Resolved: That the spirit of strife manifested among our people bodes no good to the welfare of the place.

Resolved: That the Winfield city organization is an expen­sive and useless humbug.

Resolved: That our city schools should be closed by the middle of March and that a three months term should immediately be commenced thereafter with female teachers at lower wages as an economical measure.

Resolved: That it is the duty of every citizen of Winfield to aid by word and deed the husbandmen of the county who must soon prepare for seed time.

Resolved: That it is the duty of the Winfield Township authorities to rebuild the bridge across the Walnut south of town.

Resolved: That in the opinion of this board the money collected for liquor licenses in Winfield Township, before the organization of the city, is sufficient to repair said bridge if the funds could be reached.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

                                                     THE NEW TAX LAW.

This bill, which passed the house of representatives last week and is likely to pass the senate, is a very important one. It comes from the hands and head of Hon. J. F. Legate, one of the noblest men in the state. If it becomes a law, it insures a more equitable distribution of the burdens of taxation, securing a larger revenue at less expense. Here are some of its features.

The bill revises our entire tax law. It provides that taxes shall be due annually upon the first of November, and adds a penalty of ten percent upon all unpaid taxes the first days of January, April, July, and October, until they have run for four years. At the expiration of that time, they are advertised and sold absolutely without any redemption.

The semi-annual feature of payment is retained, so that by paying one-half of one’s taxes before the first day of January, the remaining one-half incurs no penalty until the following July. The rebate of the present law is however, not retained.

All property is to be assessed at its true value in money. Railroads are made personal property, and are assessed and treated in all respects like other personal property. Township trustees are by virtue of their office, assessors of their townships. In cities an assessor is to be chosen each year.

One of the most important features of the bill is that the amount of taxes which may be levied for the expenses of counties is limited to four mills on the dollar, and of cities to three mills on the dollar. This is exclusive of school tax both in city and country and also of interest on bonded indebtedness.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.


                                                    WINFIELD, Feb., 1875.

At a meeting of the School Board of Dist. No. 1, it was determined to have a spring term of three months commencing Monday, March 22nd, 1875. The following scale of salaries for teachers was adopted. Principal, $40 per month. Intermediate and primary departments, $35 per month each. Application for teachers will be received by

                                                  G. S. MANSER, Dist. Clerk.

Excerpts...Day Schoolhouse, Cedar Township.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.


                                            CEDAR TOWNSHIP, Feb., 1875.

We have had some wrangling over our aid matters, but I trust that there has been no bad feeling engendered. In the first place, district sixty-seven of this township organized a relief committee and made preparation to help themselves to any aid that they could procure from the County Central Committee. Our committee reported to the chairman of the Central committee and was accepted.

Soon after this organization, the township orga­nized and wanted district sixty-seven to lay aside their organi­zation. This they refused to do, whereupon some low down sneak, some dirty pauper, some vagabond, went to work to break up the organi­zation of sixty-seven. I will give you a few words from a letter from Mr. Platter, received by the district committee, in order to show you what a low down subterfuge this dirty misbegot­ten mud-thrower resorted to. Here it is.

“To Committee of Dist. No. 67. Dear Sirs: Complaint comes to us that in Cedar Township your organization embraces so small a portion of your township that a majority of your citizens have no representation. You report to us from only your district, but we judge from the tenor of letters received, you are supposed to act and want to draw appropriations for the whole township. I am sure your neighbors misunderstand. You see and explain to them that you meant no such thing and all work together.”

The Township Committee, consisting of John Frazee, D. W. Willey, and W. Morgan went to work as men should. District 67 accepted the committee after theirs was annulled, and reported to the township committee for their portion of the hash, and in justice to that committee I will say that there was no discrimi­nation made. They conscientiously distribute all they can get. Yet there are some who grumble. But it is impossible to please everybody, and he who attempts it, will please nobody. Well, Mr. Editor, talk is cheap but it takes money to buy grub.

Since then the committee received about 360 pounds of corn meal and some cloth­ing, which was distributed among the people. The meeting just spoken of was held at the Day schoolhouse and was well attended. William Callahan was called to the chair and J. W. Belles was appointed secretary of the meeting. . . . CHEROKEE.


Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

                                                            Lazette News.

R. W. Jackson has a famous team. Only he himself can handle them without danger. J. M. Woollen, Roll Maurer, and R. C. Story tried it on their return from the teachers’ institute last fall, but the smash up was sad to behold. A few days ago Story tried his hand again with the team, but the horses ran away, tumbling him off the wagon, one of the hind wheels running over him, but with little damage else than a severe bruise. Not satisfied with this performance, the horses got away twice afterwards on the same day, the last time pulling up before a hay stack.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

                                             School Report of District No. 46.

The winter term of four months, closed one week ago last Friday (Feb. 26th). The following show the general attendance and other statistics: Number of pupils enrolled, 41. Average attendance, 21-1/2. Whole number of times pupils were tardy during the term, 217.

Some of the scholars were very irregular in their atten­dance, and others moved away. A few did very well.

I would call attention to the register for Miss Ella Kelly, who attended 76 days, was absent but one day after entering school, walked two miles part of the time, and for about two months did the house work for her three brothers. For a girl only twelve years of age, the above record shows a determined spirit, and good scholarship.

Second in number of days at school is Master George Newton, who walked one and one half miles, was absent but four days during the term, and is only eight years old.

Miss Mattie West was absent but five and one half days, and five of those on account of sickness.

Others of regular attendance were Misses Rose Rounds, Ella Rounds, Hettie Rounds, Mary Higbee, Connie Gay, Libbie West, Hattie Young, Mary Bates, and Nettie Handy.

Also, Masters Eddy Kelly, Ellsworth Whittaker, Harry Whittaker, and Allen Bates. (Glennie Moore, seventy-four days attendance.)

The school under the management of Ed. Millard, gave an exhibition on Saturday evening, March 6th, which was ably carried through, and I herein return my sincere thanks to the manager, Mr. Ed. Millard, and Messrs. McGuire, Creek, Morse, and Bates, together with the scholars in general, for taking the exhibition off my hands, and rendering it so successfully.

Miss Libbie West deserves special notice for so perfectly acting “Polly Evergreen.” Misses Ella Kelly, Mattie West, Rose Rounds, and Sadie Davis also did very well.

                                             EUGENE A. MILLARD, Teacher.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

There will be an entertainment given at the Courthouse tomorrow evening by the members of the Grammar School of this city. The proceeds will go towards the School Organ Fund. It is to be conducted by the scholars in the Grammar Department, no outsiders being in any way allowed to assist them in their exercises. This entertainment will doubtless disclose some of the heretofore hidden talent of the youth of our city. All should attend. Admission twenty-five cents.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

The Public Schools give an exhibition at the Courthouse Friday evening, the 12th of March, and the following is the programme.

Opening song: “Come join our Choral Number.”

Salutatory: Miss Ella Manly.

Song: Primary School.

Essay: “The American Indian”—Fred Hunt.

Violin Duet: Willie Leffingwell and Harold Mansfield.

Recitation: “Paul Revere’s Ride”—Miss Ella Freeland.

Song and Conversation: “The Bell kept Ringing for Sarah”—Miss Mattie Minnihan.

Dialogue: “How they kept a Secret.”—Misses Laura and Ida McMillen, Nellie Powers, Eugenie Holmes, Jennie Hane, Maggie Dever, Mary Cochran and Harold Mansfield. . . .

Other participants:

Mattie Minnihan, Inez Griswold, Harvey Thomas, Eugenie Holmes, Cora Andrews, Jessie Millington, Lillie Ford, Nettie Quarles, I. E. Johnson, Raleigh Millspaugh, and Frank Howland.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

The spring term of school begins Monday next.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

                                                            The Exhibition.

The exhibition given by the schools of this city last Friday night at the courthouse was a genuine success, reflecting credit alike on scholars and teachers. The exercises differed somewhat from the printed programme and we were unable to keep the “run of the play”; consequently, we can only speak of it in general terms. There was a paper, or rather a fling, read by I. E. Johnson about some of our citizens, including ourself, which we thought at the time we would notice at length, but will pass it for the present by simply saying that the spirit evinced by the perpetrators in seizing the occasion of a school exhibition, and innocent children, as instruments through which to vent their petty spites, is, to say the least, contemptible.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

The Public School Exhibition given at the courthouse last Friday evening was financially a success, as well as otherwise, as the following will show.

Total receipts:               $35.50

Total expenditures:         8.00

Credit to Organ Fund: $27.50

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

                                     School Report—Intermediate Department.

The whole number of pupils enrolled during the term was 78. Of this number 18 were afterwards transferred to the Primary Department. The average attendance for the six months has been 52. For the second, third, and fourth months the average atten­dance was 60. At the close of the fourth month, a class of ten was sent to the Primary Department, which reduced the attendance for the past two months.

During the term there were eight scholars who were never absent, two who were never absent, but did not attend the first week of school, four who were absent only one day, three who were absent two days, and ten others who were absent from three to six days. Seventeen pupils were present every day of the first three months, and fourteen were present every day of the second three months. Several of the pupils last sent to the Primary Depart­ment were not absent while in this department. SARAH E. ALDRICH, Teacher.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

                                              NEW SALEM, Cowley Co., Kan.

The school in district No. 39 closes on Saturday, March 27. Examination will commence on Friday, at 9 o’clock a.m., according to the following programme.

PROGRAMME SHOWED THE FOLLOWING—Devotional exercises, primary reading, history, recess, primary arithmetic, B class arithmetic, primary spelling, Sing­ing, primary readings, Grammar, penmanship, A class Geography, Calisthenics and miscellaneous exercises, spelling, music, and adjournment for Friday.

Devotional exercises, reading, B class Geography, first lessons in Arithmetic, recess, A class Arithmetic, spelling, music, class drill in music on Saturday.

The remainder of Saturday afternoon will be occupied by the pupils with select reading, declamations, music, essays, dia­logues, and reading the paper.

We extend a cordial invitation to all, especially the patrons of the school.

                                                  IDA E. DAGGETT, Teacher.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

                                                         School Exhibition.

In the notice of the School Exhibition of the 12th, in the Plow and Anvil, last week, the best exercise of the evening was unintentionally omitted. A list of the exercises was given them too late for the correction of any omission. In reading the report, I was very sorry to find this, so I take this occasion to correct. I refer to the recitation of “The Polish Boy,” by Miss Jessie Millington. Every one present pronounced it superior, and it certainly should receive proper notice and deserved commenda­tion. Miss Jessie worked earnestly to make good preparation for this exercise and I think her success in rendering it so true to the spirit of the composition was ample reward. W. C. R.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

Prof. Allen B. Lemmon, who has been for the past year principal of the Independence, Montgomery County, schools, returned last week to his farm east of town. Everybody is glad to meet Prof. Lemmon and we only hope he will stay with us now and quit his fooling around being principal of schools.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.


There will be a Teachers’ examination held at Winfield, on Friday and Saturday, April 30th and May 1st, 1875. This will be the only examination given until fall. All teachers wishing to teach in Cowley County the coming summer will bear this in mind and be present.

By order of the examining board.

                                      T. A. WILKINSON, County Superintendent.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

At the examination of teachers last week, eighteen appli­cants were present. Certificates were granted as follows.

FIRST GRADE. Mrs. L. A. Parsons. Miss Carrie Morris. Mr. J. C. Armstrong.

SECOND GRADE. Mrs. L. M. Theaker. Miss Emma Burden. Miss Ella Davis.

Miss K. Fitzgerald.

THIRD GRADE. Mrs. L. M. Page. Miss C. E. Taplin. Miss S. E. Ketcham.

Mr. Z. McKnight. Mrs. M. F. Hawkins. Miss A. Harden. Mr. A. K. Stevenson.

Mr. Z. Foster. Mr. C. C. Holland.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

School District No. 77 is, according to all accounts, one of the best circumstanced of any in the county. It has a commodious schoolhouse, only three quarters sections of land mortgaged in the entire district, and that, too, with nearly all the land deeded. Where is the district that can compare with 77?

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

Basket Meeting. There will be a Basket Meeting in connec­tion with the second Quarterly Meeting of Winfield charge held in Mr. Scales’ grove one-half mile south of Little Dutch school­house, commencing on next Saturday, June 26th, at 2 o’clock, and preaching at 3 o’clock. Love feast at 9-1/2 o’clock and preach­ing at 11 a.m., and 5 p.m. Children meeting at 8 o’clock on Sabbath. All are invited and a good time is expected.

                                                      J. McQUISTON, P. C.


Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

                                             SILVER CREEK, June 18th, 1875.

Miss Kate Fitzgerald teaches the school in the southeast district of this township, and her school is highly spoken of.


Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

                                                            Lazette News.

Rev. Mr. Swarts held services in the schoolhouse last Sabbath.

Rev. Mr. Thomas, of Winfield, preached at the Armstrong schoolhouse on the 13th, and at Baltimore on the 20th inst.

Rev. Mr. Swarts will administer the ordinance of baptism to several parties on Sabbath next.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Miss Melville’s sister, Emma, is complimented by the Emporia News, on an essay read before the Normal school last week, of which she is a new graduate. Marion County Record.

Miss Emma is also a sister of Miss Anna Melville, late teacher in our public school here.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

The Winfield school will commence in the September with Prof. A. B. Lemmon as principal, Miss Jennie Greenlee in charge of the intermediate department, and Miss Ada Millington the primary.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Rev. J. H. Roberts preached at the Brane schoolhouse six miles below town last Sunday and Rev. Platter preached to an unusually large audience at the Courthouse at the same hour.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

                                                   Excelsior School District.

Singing meeting at the school­house Friday evening, to practice Sunday school songs. Remember and come.

                 [Notice from County Supt. Wilkinson to Cowley County Teachers.]

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

                                           To the Teachers of Cowley County.

We have arranged with Prof. E. W. Hulse, of Arkansas City, and Prof. A. B. Lemmon, of Winfield, to assist in organizing and conducting a Teachers’ Normal school, of four weeks, during the month of August next. We desire to learn immediately the names of all teachers who will enroll themselves as members. Arrange­ments will be made to secure reasonable rates of board and lodging. A small tuition fee will be charged to cover incidental expenses, but the enterprise is not calculated to make money and will be carried out on the strictest principles of economy. The school will close with an examination for teachers who desire to teach the coming fall and winter. All depends on the number of applicants who report their names within the next ten days. Teachers will see the necessity of being prompt in joining us in this praiseworthy enterprise. T. A. WILKINSON, County Supt.

                      [Note: The above entry more or less marks the beginning of



Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

The ladies of School District No. 9 will hold an Ice Cream Festival at the Excelsior Schoolhouse, two miles below town, on Tuesday evening, August 17th. Everybody is very cordially invited to attend. The proceeds to be used for benevolent purposes. Come one, come all.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Prof. Lemmon and Will. C. Robinson are to be masters of ceremonies at the singing school.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

The annual school meeting in this district held on the 12th inst., levied six mills tax for teachers’ wages, and two mills for incidental fund. This provides for nine months’ school, beginning in September with three teachers.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

The Winfield Public School will reopen September 6th, 1875.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.


There will be a Teachers Examination held at Winfield Friday and Saturday, Sept. 3rd and 4th, 1875. A Teachers Normal Insti­tute is now in session, and all teachers are requested to attend the last week of said Institute, which closes Thursday, September 2nd. There will be no other examination this fall, except for teachers absent from the county or sick when said examination is held. T. A. WILKINSON, County Superintendent.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

We neglected at the proper time to say that M. L. Robinson was reelected Treasurer of School District No. 1.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Citizens of Arkansas City, these warm days, bask in the shady side of a big sunflower, eat grapes and watermelons, and gaze in fond admiration on their “beautiful” schoolhouse. Our people would do the same here, but they lack the grapes and sunflowers and watermelons. And, come to think, they lack the beautiful schoolhouse, too.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Our own Prof. Lemmon has been invited away this time. Washburn College, of Topeka, has offered him a Professorship, with salary of one thousand dollars attached. His engagement here will prevent his acceptance of their liberal offer. Dis­trict No. 1 should feel proud that they have the services of a teacher who is so well appreciated in older portions of the State.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Nina Cowles will teach the Floral school this fall.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Prof. T. A. Wilkinson has been employed to teach a six months school at Dexter.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Read the tax levy list for 1875, and compare the tax of some of the rural districts with that of our own city. District No. 2 has the finest schoolhouse in the state, but you see her citizens have to pay for their “white elephant’s” feed after all.

Excerpt from long article...


Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.


Educational interests in Cowley County are far in advance of those in much older counties in the State. There are 105 school districts in the county, and seventy-five good schoolhouses. A stone building in this city costing $6,000, and a brick building in Arkansas City costing $10,000.

Of so much importance are the schools of this county, that a Normal Institute was established in this city, to perfect the teachers of the several schools for the coming year. The Insti­tute closed its labors yesterday, after the end of three weeks term distinguished by its able faculty, and highly successful results. It was conducted by Prof. A. B. Lemmon, Principal of the Winfield school, whose educational acquirements have already procured him the tender of a professorship in Washburn College; Prof. E. W. Hulse, Principal of the Arkansas City school, a refined scholar and gentleman; Prof. T. A. Wilkinson, the able Superintendent of Cowley County; and Miss L. A. Norton, principle assistant of Prof. Hulse, in the Arkansas City school. Of Miss Norton and Miss Jennie Greenlee, principle assistant of Prof. Lemmon, I must take the liberty to draw a contrast, effected here within a very recent period.

Six years is a brief space of time, connected with the advance of civilization. Six years ago Cowley County was the theatre of barbarism untinctured with a drop of civilization. The sweet, benign, civilizing influences of the female sex, found its representative in the ground-colored, metallic-scented, squatty, unctuous person of the Indian squaw. Today the county is distinguished for its numerous families, whose female compo­nents ornament the arch of refined and social structure, while the charming graces of beauty, wit, polish, and the various scientific accomplishments are typified, to a remarkable degree, in the two lady teachers I have named. It must be confessed that these great social changes, so suddenly effected are truly wonderful. It gives me pleasure to depict them, for the subject contains lessons of great value and interest to every philanthropist. . . .

                                   J. M. A. [Leavenworth Times Correspondent.]

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

There will be a Teachers’ Examination held at Winfield, Kansas, Friday and Saturday, October 22nd and 23rd, 1875, for all teachers, who were sick or absent from the county during the last examination. T. A. WILKINSON, County Supt.


Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

                                              FLORAL, KAN., Sept. 14, 1875.

MR. EDITOR: There will be a basket picnic held at Floral Grange, No. 756, at L. B. Stone’s grove, near Floral schoolhouse, Saturday, September 25th, 1875. Everybody is kindly invited to attend.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

Mr. Seward Hulse, late student of the Wisconsin University, has arrived, and will take charge of the Arkansas City schools until his brother, Prof. E. W. Hulse, recovers from his illness.

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

                                                      Association Meeting.

There will be a meeting of the ministers and deacons of the Southwestern Kansas Baptist Association held at Floral school­house, commencing Friday, 29th of October, at 2 o’clock p.m., and continuing until the 31st. All ministers and deacons are re­quested to attend.


Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

                                                         LAZETTE NEWS.

Mr. D. Ramage has opened school in the Gardenhier schoolhouse.

The attendance of pupils at the Lazette school is kept rather low by the great amount of sickness in the District.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

Catholic service will be held in the schoolhouse on Sunday, the 24th inst., by the Rev. Father Schurtz. All Catholics are requested to attend.


Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

                                                            Lazette News.

The joint discussion between the candidates of our parties came off last night. A good crowd met at the schoolhouse to see the aspirants for office and to hear the speeches. While there was no discussion between the opposing candidates, each one of them made a speech, not so much however to display his oratorical abilities, for each one said, “I am no orator, as Brutus is,” but to let the people see what good looking men were seeking to serve them. Col. W. P. Hackney opened the exercises, after which Messrs. Handy, Bryant, Kinne, Henderson, Deming, and Walker became bold enough to speak. Col. J. M. Alexander was then called out, and he made a happy and well received speech. Judge Gans followed the Colonel with some good natural remarks and a joke on one of the candidates. After our distinguished visitors had spoken, some of our township candidates and citizens joined in the “discussion.” Squire John Clover, Charley Jones, B. H. Clover, H. D. Wilkins, and Burt French made effective and telling speeches. There was but one disappointment in the evening, namely, the non-appearance of friend Walton of the Plow-Handle. The meeting was closed with a few remarks by the chairman, R. C. Story.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

Miss Jennie Greenlee has introduced a new feature in her department of the Winfield schools. She is teaching the geogra­phy and topography of this township; the difference between a municipal and congressional township, and the manner in which sections, townships, and ranges are numbered. This is something that we have long advocated. A pupil should know in what county, township, and range he lives before being taught the tributaries of an unknown river in South Africa. Not because we are a draughtsman and map-maker do we say this, for any teacher ought to be able to make a map that would answer the purpose, but children should be taught early in life that which hereafter will be of practical service to them.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

The following teachers were in attendance at the examination last Friday and Saturday.

R. C. Story, Lazette.

Ella Clover, Lazette.

James Tull, Lazette.

Miles Smith, Lazette.

Belle Estes, New Salem.

Sarah Hovee, New Salem.

Lemuel Wilson, Rock.

A. D. Stevenson, Rock.

F. P. Stevenson, Rock.

Miss A. Pennington, Oxford.

R. C. Maurer, Dexter.

Monroe Wells, Dexter.

R. B. Overman, Dexter.

M. S. Ticer, Greenfield, Elk County.

Ella Wickersham, Tisdale.

E. A. Millard, Tisdale.

Robert Kerr, Beaver.

Mattie Ticer, Emporia.

Estelle Burnette, Arkansas City.

E. W. Holloway, Winfield.

Miss Jennie Holloway, Winfield.

Miss Amy Robertson, Winfield.

Miss Maggie Stansbury, Winfield.

Miss Mary E. Lynn, Winfield.

Mrs. Belle Seibert, Winfield.

Mortimer Snow, Winfield.

N. S. Mounts, Winfield.

Examination conducted by Superintendent Wilkinson, assisted by Professor A. B. Lemmon.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.    


There will be a Teachers’ Examination held at Winfield, Kansas, Saturday, November 20th, 1875. All applicants failing to avail themselves of said examination will have to wait until the time of holding the County Institute, in the spring of 1876.

                                             T. A. WILKINSON, County Supt.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.

                                                   Attention, School Boards.

A competent teacher, holding a first-grade certificate, experienced in teaching in this county, would like a school, beginning the last of December or the first of January.

Address “Teacher,” COURIER office.


Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

                                                         DEXTER ITEMS.

Thomas R. Bryan is teaching the Dexter school. He is giving good satisfaction. Whether as a legislator, candidate for treasurer, or schoolmaster, T. R. Bryan makes a whole team.

To show their appreciation of the good school now being taught, D. M. Patten, Tom Smith, and several others have moved into town so their children might attend this winter.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

                                                         LAZETTE NEWS.

Miss Ella Clover has opened school in the district north of Lazette.

Mr. Polk Tull is teaching in the Armstrong schoolhouse.

The Literary Society at the Gardenhire schoolhouse has opened its winter session.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

At the feast given by Bethel Grange last Saturday night, the schoolhouse was so crowded and the air so dense that a lady fainted, and Capt. Hunt came very near doing so. What a splendid opportunity to deliver a lecture and dilate upon the “injury to health,” “breaking of physical laws,” etc., attendant upon such gatherings. What a picture could we draw. House crowded; atmosphere heavy and impure; lady faints; is carried home. We follow her, only we don’t. We stay with the rest and help eat the good things brought for that purpose. This is overdrawn of course. It was intended to be. The moral, if it contains any, is: Have your public halls well ventilated.


Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

The fall term of our public school closed on the 10th, and the winter term will open on the 15th inst.

Rev. Mr. Swarts preached here on the 12th in the schoolhouse.

Rev. Mr. Thomas is holding a protracted meeting at the Armstrong schoolhouse.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Bethel Grange will have a public installation of its new officers Saturday, January 1st, at 4 to 6 o’clock. A harvest feast follows the installation. Friends of the Order, whether members or not, are invited. The stone schoolhouse, three miles north of town, is the place of meeting.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Last night’s daily Commonwealth brings us the startling news that Kansas is without a Treasurer. He was requested to resign by the Governor, on suspicion, and he resigned. It came about in this wise: Under the law the permanent school fund arising from the sale of school lands is invested in school district bonds by the Superintendent of Public Instruction, Secretary of State, and Attorney General. Parties appear in person, or by letter, nearly every day offering bonds to these officers, who are called commissioners, and whenever there is money belonging to that fund in the treasury and the bonds seem all right, they purchase them and the State Treasurer pays for them.

It has been discovered that $18,000 worth of forged bonds have been bought during the past few months. The bonds purposed to come from school districts in different western counties. But a casual comparison of the seal on one of the bonds with the seal of the county which the Secretary of State had on file revealed the forgery. The matter has been traced for a few days and it appears that the bonds all came from one source, and there were attending circumstances that justified the prosecution of the State Treasurer, Sam. Lappin, on his official bond for having paid out the money to some parties without identifying them. In addition to prosecuting a suit to recover the money, the Treasur­er was requested to resign, which he did on the 20th inst.

Everybody will now say, “I told you Sam. Lappin was not honest;” but the files of the COURIER will show that we did not endorse Sam. Lappin’s nomination when it was made, and the official vote of Cowley County shows that a good many of our readers acted on our judgment at the polls.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.     

                                                       The Christmas Tree.

That modest looking little cedar that stood in the south end of the courtroom last Friday night, though green in appearance, before the evening was over, proved to be the most popular tree ever grown in the valley. The cedar is a beautiful tree when hid away in some sequestered canyon or lonely crowning the rocks of a rugged hillside, but doubly so when under the dazzling chandelier it stands draped in flowers and tinsel carefully arranged by the skillful hands of women, with its pendant boughs gaily adorned by double-back-action-nineteenth-century-jumping-jacks.

We haven’t space to particularize. The whole thing—tree, presents, committees, ushers, exercises, Santa Claus and audi­ence—was a decided success. The children are grateful for the presents, the “finance committee” for the large “admittance fee,” and the audience for the amusement furnished. It was the best exhibition of the kind ever had in the city, and the superintendents and teachers of the different schools deserve much praise for their management of it.



                                                     CENTENNIAL ISSUE.

                         WINFIELD COURIER, THURSDAY, JANUARY 6, 1876.

                                                       PUBLIC SCHOOLS.

The first schoolhouse built in the county was in school district No. 37, called Bethel schoolhouse, in 1871. At present there are seventy schoolhouses in the county, constructed at an average cost of $1,000 each. They are chiefly tasty frame buildings, painted white. There are one hundred and eight organized school district and 3,555 children of school age in the county. The law requires that at least three months school be taught in each district annually. The average wages paid teachers is forty dollars per month. Good teachers find ready employment. The highest salary paid to a teacher in the county is one thou­sand dollars per annum.

On July 12th, 1870, Congress passed a law allowing actual settlers thereon to enter from forty to one hundred and sixty acres at $1.25 per acre of the Osage lands within this county. They were required to live upon the land six months, make certain improvements, and enter the same within one year from date of settlement. Subsequently, Congress by joint resolution gave to settlers whose time had expired without entry, a longer time in which to pay for their land. On March 2nd, 1871, the town site laws of the U. S. were extended to the Osage lands.

On May 11th, 1872, Congress passed a law allowing actual settlers thereon to enter from forty to one hundred and sixty acres of the Cherokee lands above mentioned. The terms were similar to the Osage land terms, except that all lands west of the Arkansas River (about 14,000 acres) were sold at $1.50 per acre, and all land east of said river (about 29,000 acres) were sold at $2.00 per acre. All settlement and purchase was prohib­ited after a certain date. That date expired and many settlers had not paid for the land. The time was extended for payment until the spring of 1875, at which time all unentered land was to have been sold in tracts of 160 acres or less to persons offering sealed bids for the same. By request of U. S. Senator J. J. Ingalls, that sale was postponed. Finally the land was sold to bidders Oct. 30, 1875. The 16th and 36th section in each town­ship was given to the State of Kansas for school purposes and the State sells it to the highest bidder. The Osage lands in the county still remain open to settlement on the original terms. In no other way, except as above stated, could land be obtained in Cowley County from the government.

Miss A. Marks, of Silver Creek, taught the first school.

Winfield. M. L. Palmer was the first tinner and schoolmaster.

Winfield. In 1876 the schoolhouse is a substantial stone structure costing $6,000.

Grouse Valley and Lazette. The first settler in this part of the county was J. W. Tull, who built the first house (in November, 1869), raised the first crop, and taught the first school (in 1870) in the valley. The schoolhouse was built in 1872 at a cost of $1,500. A first-class public school is in session from six to nine months of the year. The Grouse Valley now contains not less than eight schoolhouses.

Dexter. In the fall of 1871 a frame schoolhouse 26 by 40 feet was erected at a cost of $2,000 at Dexter. A six months school was sustained each year until 1874 when the term was increased to nine months. In 1876 Dexter has a frame schoolhouse in which a school, free to all, is kept for nine months in the year, and having, at the present time, an attendance of 65. It is the intention to grade this school at the beginning of the year.

Tisdale. In 1876 has a $2,000 schoolhouse, and boasts of one of the best schools in the county. Mrs. G. W. Foughty taught the first school in town.

Maple City. In 1876 has a first-class schoolhouse.

Arkansas City. In 1876 they have the finest schoolhouse southeast of Emporia, constructed of brick with cut stone trimmings, designed by J. G. Haskell, the first architect in the State; its attractive and inviting form is a noble monument of the present, and promising prestige of the future.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 6, 1876.

                                                         LAZETTE NEWS.

At the last meeting of the literary society, at the Gardenhire schoolhouse, the question, Resolved, That the old bachelors should be compelled to support the old maids, was debated, and, of course, decided in the affirmative. The discus­sion is said to have been heated and able.

On the 26th, Rev. Mr. Swarts held religious services in the schoolhouse, and announced his appointment for January.

Winfield Courier, January 13, 1876.

A FINE social gathering assembled at the Limbocker school­house Wednesday evening, December 5. Mrs. Limbocker was the main spirit of the entertainment, but with all her other duties did not forget the COURIER force. We acknowledge the receipt of a choice lot of the festival cake.


Winfield Courier, January 13, 1876.

                                                Commissioners’ Proceedings.

The County Clerk is hereby ordered to go to Topeka, Kansas, for the purpose of straightening up our school land sales account with the States; and the board hereby agree to pay the necessary traveling expenses of said County Clerk to and from the State capitol.

Winfield Courier, January 20, 1876.

Prof. Lemmon, the principal of the Winfield schools, is running the best school we ever had.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.

                                                     Arkansas City Schools.

First term begins Sept. 6th:  continues sixteen weeks, and closes Dec. 24.

Second term begins Jan. 8, 1876; continues twelve weeks and closes March 25.

Third term begins April 4; continues twelve weeks, and closes June 24, 1876.


$1.00 per month, in advance, unless other arrangements are made with the Board.

Rooms can be procured for those wishing to board themselves. Board can be had at reasonable prices.

                                For admission, apply to E. W. HULSE, Principal.

                     By order of the Board:  T. H. McLAUGHLIN, District Clerk.

Excerpts from article...

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.

We are daily in receipt of letters of inquiry relative to Southern Kansas, Cowley County, and Arkansas City, and give the following condensed items for the purpose of answering general inquiries.

The graded school in Arkansas City accommodates 200 schol­ars, and is well conducted by able and experienced teachers. More room will soon be needed.

Good teachers are always in demand. Salaries from $40 to $75 per month. The school month is four weeks of five days each.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 26, 1876.

The exhibition given by the school pupils and Literary Society last Saturday was largely attended and duly appreciated. The exercises were all performed in a very creditable manner, and to the general enjoyment of everyone present. Through the paper several good hits were made, and many commendable articles read. The net receipts were $8, and will be used to purchase a bell for the school house. In two or three weeks another entertainment will be given, which is promised to be equal to, or even better than this, their first one.


Winfield Courier, January 27, 1876.

                                                  LEGISLATIVE JOTTINGS.

Lawyers of Winfield and surrounding towns, cheer up, the summer is not ended. There may yet be “balm in Gilead,” in store for you. Mr. Hackney has also introduced a bill authorizing school district No. 70, in Maple Township, to vote four hundred dollars in bonds to complete their unfinished schoolhouse. It will no doubt become a law.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 2, 1876.

The Beethoven Society meets tonight to practice for the concern to be given next week. It is proposed to donate all or a part of the proceeds to the school bell fund.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 2, 1876.

A proposition is on foot to have several lectures delivered at the schoolhouse by home professional men, on topics of their own choosing, principally for the benefit of the students. If the proposition meets with success, the proceeds will go into the school bell fund.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 2, 1876.

                                                             TWO WIVES.

A man by the name of Myers, living six miles from Maple City, on the State line, has two wives and twenty children, so we have been informed. He has a small house nearby, which he uses for a schoolhouse, and employs a teacher for his children alone. He is regarded by his neighbors as a thoroughly reliable man, and is generally respected. What he wants with more than one wife is a query, unless it requires two to look after the offspring.

Winfield Courier, February 3, 1876.

TROUP has gone to Topeka to straighten up the records of his predecessors in the school land business.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 9, 1876.

                                                        SCHOOL BOARD.

                                        DISTRICT NO. 2. ARKANSAS CITY.






Arkansas City Traveler, February 9, 1876.

Tickets for the Beethoven Concert on Saturday evening at the schoolhouse can be purchased at Kellogg & Hoyt’s, Sherburne & Stubbs, E. D. Eddy’s, and the Post Office. Admission 25 cents. Children 15 cents.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 9, 1876.

                                                 GROUSE CREEK ITEMS.

The protracted meeting that was being conducted at Coburn’s schoolhouse, by the Rev. Mr. Nance (Presby­terian), closed on Wednesday evening last.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 9, 1876.

CONCERT. The first Beethoven concert of the year will be given at the schoolhouse on Saturday evening of this week. The Society have new books, and for some time have been studying a higher class of music than they have rendered at any previous concert. The element of fun will not be wanting, and the collec­tion of songs, duets, trios, and comic pieces is supposed to be better than that of any previous concert of the Society. All are invited to attend. A portion of the proceeds will be given to the school bell fund. It is the aim of the Society to make every concert better in all respects than any former one. Admission 25 cents; children, 10 cents. Concert to commence at half past 7 o’clock.

Winfield Courier, February 10, 1876.

County Clerk Troup returned from Topeka the fist of the week. A comparison of the books in his office showing the school land sales in Cowley County with those of the State Auditor revealed the fact that during Jackson’s term of office $824.63 worth of sales had been made that had never been reported to the Auditor, and the money had been laying idle in the county treasury. It also showed that the county had been overcharged $43.20 on the sales of other tracts.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 17, 1876. Editorial Page.

                                            To the Patrons of Cowley County.

Amos Walton, in last week’s issue of the Plow and Anvil, insinuated that I had collected from the different subordinate granges about $1,000.00, as subscription for stock in the Patrons Commercial Agency, at Wichita, Kansas, and was making an improper use of it.

The following are the facts. About September 20, 1875, at the earnest solicitations of the agent, J. G. Sampson, I gave up teaching the Dexter school, for which I had contracted a term of nine months at $50.00 per month, and began the not very pleasant or easy task of canvassing Cowley County Granges for the purpose of urging them to take stock in the Patrons Commercial Agency, at Wichita, Kansas. I traveled and spoke nearly every night for about one month, raised a subscription of something over $600.00, only one hundred of which was paid down. After receiving the $100 mentioned, I continued my labors, but did not go farther than to induce the different Granges to pledge the payment of the stock, receiving in many cases, orders on the Grange treasury, but leaving the money undrawn, and, for this reason I visited Wichita once or twice, and also heard well-founded reports which convinced me that the agency, as it was being managed, would get into trouble, and although willing to aid in establishing a well-founded business agency there, I did not deem it prudent to be instrumental in sinking the funds of the order I had sacredly pledged my honor to aid in advancing and building up. Of the one hundred dollars I obtained in cash, I paid to J. G. Sampson forty dollars before I had any reason to suspect anything wrong. I had some circulars and receipts printed, and some light expenses. I now have about forty dollars of that one hundred, and when the agency settles up its difficulties, unless especially requested not to do so, I expect to pay over the remainder in my hands, into the treasury of the Patrons Commercial Agency, at Wichita; but not until it is conducted in a more business-like manner than has characterized its management in the past.

It is, indeed, encouraging to have one’s efforts for the good of the order made to appear like selfishness, if not dishon­esty. But I have no fear in the least, that the readers of the Plow and Anvil will not put a proper estimate upon the motives and desires of its editor in taking the course he has in this and other matters. It will be observed that I have made no charge of my time, although leaving a position with a salary of fifty dollars per month. I make no charge simply because the agency, thus far, has not proved a success. If it had been successful, I know my brother patrons would have willingly paid me for my trouble. As it is, I ask nothing, and no man or Grange will ever lose a cent by any willful act of dishonesty on my part. T. A. WILKINSON.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 16, 1876. Front Page.

The following questions have been asked us by Mr. Z. Hamer, of Marion, Indiana, and as they are such as many are desirous of knowing, we answer them publicly.

Arkansas City is an incorporated city of the third class, and has a population of about 500. The best schoolhouse in Southern Kansas is at Arkansas City, built of brick, with cut stone cornices.

There are in this county 58 schoolhouses: four built of logs, forty-nine of frame, one of brick, and four of stone. The estimated value of all of them is $63,476.



Arkansas City Traveler, February 16, 1876.

A long debate was had on a bill requiring school money raised from taxes on railroads in counties that had voted subsi­dies to be divided among the several districts in the county, and it was finally referred to a special committee to perfect. Commonwealth.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 16, 1876.

                                                    [From Winfield Courier.]

County Clerk Troup returned from Topeka the first of the week. A comparison of the books in his office showing the school land sales in Cowley County with those of the State Auditor revealed the fact that during Jackson’s term of office $824.63 worth of sales had been made that had never been reported to the Auditor, and the money had been laying idle in the county trea­sury. It also showed that the county had been overcharged $48.20 on the sales of other tracts.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 16, 1876.

The Beethoven Society gave one of their musical feasts at the schoolhouse, last Saturday evening, at which many were present. The exercises consisted of vocal and instrumental music of the highest order, and were exquisitely rendered and duly appreciated. PROGRAM LISTED. #15 WAS “HARK!  APOLLO STRIKES THE LYRE.”  Participants: C. R. Sipes, Will Mowry, Prof. Hulse, Mrs. C. R. Mitchell, E. D. Bowen, E. R. Thompson, Miss Sherburne, Mrs. Newman, Mrs. R. A. Houghton, Mrs. R. C. Haywood. The receipts of the evening were $18.90, a portion of which will be given to the school bell fund.


Winfield Courier, February 17, 1876.

                                                            Lazette News.

Mr. D. Ramage promises an exhibition at the end of his school, next month, and the Lazette school hopes to do likewise.

Winfield Courier, February 17, 1876.

The Clerk of School District No. 81 advertises for “ceiled” bids for the construction of a schoolhouse in that district.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 23, 1876. Front Page.

                                                       ABOUT SCHOOLS.

This is a question which every Kansan answers with special pride. The youth of this commonwealth need not go “a thousand miles from home” to obtain a thorough practical or even classical education, for, to the credit of our law-makers, be it said, in no department is a more generous liberality manifested than in the cause of popular education.

Two sections (16 and 36) in each township have been set apart for a school fund. As none of this vast amount of land, over 3,000,000 acres, can be sold for less than $3 per acre, and much is sold for more than double that amount, it is not extravagant to estimate the ultimate value to be realized from this source at $12,000,000. This point is worthy of large consideration by those about to emigrate to a new country, and particularly into new counties like those at the west end of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, where, with proper management, the funds arising from this provision of the State law will secure the very best buildings and excellent talent for the educational refine­ment of the children.

The following statistics will indicate the advanced charac­ter of the school interests:  In 1861 there were 217 school districts; in 1874 there were 4,395. The number of pupils in 1872 was 199,010; cost of schoolhouses, $3,989.085. The school fund is over $1,000,000, and is constantly increasing.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 23, 1876.

A Union Festival will be given by the ladies of lower Grouse Creek, at the Coburn schoolhouse, on Tuesday evening, February 27th. The proceeds are to be donated to Rev. Mr. Nance, who is now laboring with us. A cordial invitation is extended to all.

Winfield Courier, February 24, 1876.

One hundred and sixty students in our public school.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 1, 1876.

School closes this week for a vacation of two months.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 1, 1876.

Editor Traveler: The members of the High School Literary Society wish, through your columns, to tender to the ladies of the former “Benevolent Society” their grateful thanks for the kind donation of $20 toward the bell fund. L. E. NORTON, President.

F. B. HUTCHINSON, Treasurer.

Winfield Courier, March 2, 1876.

We had the pleasure of attending a school exhibition at the Maple Grove schoolhouse on Tuesday evening last. The entertain­ment consisted of essays, recitations, dialogues, tableaux, etc., all of which were well selected and performed. The paper, headed the Maple Grove Bugle, which was ably edited and well read by Miss Ioa Roberts and Mr. Joe Monforte, contained all sorts of fun, such as poetry, conundrums, etc. The exercises were con­ducted by the teacher of that district, Mr. C. L. Swarts. We congratulate the people of Maple Grove for having secured the services of so competent a young man as Mr. Swarts as teacher in their district during the term of their winter school.

Winfield Courier, March 2, 1876.


There will be a teachers examination held at Winfield, Friday and Saturday, April 7th and 8th. All teachers desiring certificates to teach in the county of Cowley will be present.

                                      T. A. WILKINSON, County Superintendent.


Winfield Courier, March 2, 1876.

                                           EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE.

A very long bill, entirely revising the school laws of the State, is before the Senate today, and may pass both houses, but it is doubtful. If it does become a law, scholars in one district may attend a school in an adjoining district, in case the schoolhouse is nearer to the scholars desiring schooling.

The Committee on State affairs which has been hunting up the bogus school bond business have got trace of some fraudulent school district bonds from Cowley County. They interviewed me upon the subject and I ventured the statement that no County Clerk or Superintendent of Public Instruction in Cowley County ever lent his name or seal to any such swindle.

While I have not had the highest opinion of some of the aforesaid officers in our county, I cannot believe that they were bad enough to be parties to a bond swindle. I pronounced the bonds, if any such have been issued, to be forgeries in toto and do not believe the parties thereto ever lived in Cowley County.

The names are suppressed at present in the hope that the rascals can be caught. The reputation of Cowley County is excellent here. It is looked upon as a first-class agricultural county and as being filled with honest men, and the representa­tive men from that county command respect everywhere. Of course, we all hope that no citizen of our county will be found guilty of paying bonds of any kind, or of attempting a swindle of any character.

Cowley County Democrat, March 6, 1876.

The Winfield public schools will reopen September 6, 1876. During the tall term a normal class will be sustained which will offer Superior Advantages to all who wish to fit themselves for the Teacher’s work.

Non-resident students will be received by paying tuition fee as follows:

Normal and High School department, per month $2.00

Intermediate department, per month $1.25

Primary department, per month $1.00

Good boarding can secured at from $3.50 to $5.00 per week; or by students renting rooms and boarding themselves, the expense can be reduced to $1.50 per week.

For further information apply to Allen B. Lemmon, Principal, or G. S. Manser, District Clerk.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

                                         A LECTURE MONDAY EVENING.

The first lecture of “The People’s Lecture Course” will be delivered at the schoolhouse, in this city, by the Rev. S. B. Fleming, next Monday evening, March 13, at 7 o’clock. Subject, “The Education Demanded by the Times.” The proceeds of these lectures will be given to the school bell fund. The topics will be of interest, and all are invited. Admission, 25 cents; students, 10 cents.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

SCHOOL will be continued four or five weeks yet.



Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

There will be an exhibition at Glenwood schoolhouse, near the mouth of Crab Creek, on the evening of the 15th of this month.

The Patrons of Husbandry gave a supper at the Wintin schoolhouse last Saturday evening, where all appeared to enjoy themselves. A. E. L.



Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876. Front Page.

Arrangements are being made for an exhibition at the schoolhouse on the evening of March 15th.



Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

Other bills were passed, establishing the salaries of various State officers; providing for the removal of public officers who are guilty of being intoxicated, or for gambling; requiring railroad companies to fence their roads; providing for the maintenance of insane persons who have been refused admission to the State Insane Asylum; authorizing the transfer of the balance of the railroad land fund now on hand and unappropriated to the permanent school fund of the State, and to vacate the office of the agent for the sale of said lands; increasing the salaries of County Attorneys, House Railroad Bills, Nos. 296 and 156, with amendments, were also passed.

In Committee of the Whole, the bill amendatory of the school law was recommended for passage. It requires a higher grade of examination for teachers, making it necessary for them to be up in botany and industrial drawing in addition to the present requirements. It also makes a first-class certificate good for two years instead of one as now.

Winfield Courier, March 9, 1876.

Among the laws passed by the late Legislature, we find there is one creating assessors in cities of the 3rd class; one allow­ing counties to provide for insane in case they cannot be admit­ted to the asylum; a new and complete tax law, which, among other things does away with selling land for taxes; an arbitration law, and a new school system law.

Winfield Courier, March 9, 1876.

A. C. Holland closed his school at Bethel schoolhouse last Friday.

Excerpts from article...


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

Mr. Frank Chapin has organized, and is successfully teaching a singing school in the Holland schoolhouse. Mr. Chapin is a well qualified and an experienced teacher, and we therefore expect nothing but complete success.

The absence of Rev. Wingar and other ministers from the Holland schoolhouse has caused many of us to stay at home, having no place to go on the Sabbath.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

                                             TEACHERS’ EXAMINATION.

There will be an examination of teachers, desiring certificates, held at the County Superintendent’s office, in Winfield, Friday, March 17th.

                                                   T. A. WILKINSON, Supt.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.


There will be a teachers examination held at Winfield, Friday and Saturday, April 7th and 8th. All teachers desiring certificates to teach in the county of Cowley will be present.

                                             T. A. WILKINSON, County Supt.

Excerpts from article...


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876. Front Page.

                                                   From the Spirit of Kansas.

Although not a Granger, I venture to drop you a line from “The Great Southwest.”  There is little to write about except the weather and crops. In the first place, our weather is all that could be desired—warm and pleasant. There has been but one day since Christmas that a man could not work out of doors in his shirt sleeves. In fact, carpenters and masons keep pecking away as though it was the month of September, and in all directions of our county you may see farmers plowing away as if it was in the early fall or spring. I am informed several have sown wheat and rye in the past month. The wheat that was sown in the proper season in the fall is looking remarkably well, and the acreage sown is at least a third more this fall than last.

Although I have lived now twenty-six years on the border, and have witnessed the first settlement of this great State, when I look around me and see the wonderful development and great improvement in this section of our State, I am absolutely aston­ished; and to an Eastern man it is incomprehensive how so much could be accomplished in so short a time. Cowley County, you are aware, was only organized in 1870.

Previous to that time it was an Indian reservation. Now we have over 10,000 inhabitants; 120 organized school districts, and some 90 good schoolhouses, valued at over $100,000. The one in this city alone cost over $10,000. But then what a country. We have 1,122 sections, or square miles—over 716,000 acres, and scarcely a waste acre in the county.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

A neck-tie festival was held in School District No. 31 on last Wednesday. It was well attended, and all present had a good time. The proceeds, which amounted to $23.10, were presented to Rev. Arthur E. Lewis.

Winfield Courier, March 16, 1876.

Skipped most of an article about Grange Meetings. Before, if any voter objected, meetings could not be held in area schoolhouse.

Winfield Courier, March 16, 1876.

“Effective Feb. 27, 1876, an act amended section 43 of article 4, chapter 32, of the general statutes of 1868:

“The district board shall have the care and keeping of the schoolhouse and other property belonging to the district. They are hereby authorized to open the schoolhouse for the use of religious, political, literary, scientific, mechanical, or agricultural societies belonging to their district, for the purpose of holding the business or public meetings of said societies under such regulations as the school board may adopt.”

Winfield Courier, March 16, 1876.

The teachers and pupils of the public schools of Winfield are enjoying a week’s vacation.

Winfield Courier, March 16, 1876.          

TEACHERS’ EXAMINATION. There will be an examination of teachers, desiring certificates, held at the County Superintendent’s office, in Winfield, Friday, March 17th.

                                                   T. A. WILKINSON, Supt.


Winfield Courier, March 16, 1876.

                                                            Tisdale News.

Our school closed the last of February with quite an enter­taining exhibition.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

Cowley County has 108 organized school districts, and has built sixty-three schoolhouses, valued at $63,476; estimating cost of grounds, furniture, etc.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

                                                        Government Lands.

It is a fact not generally known, even by the residents of this County, that one-half of the land in the entire County is yet owned by the Government, and can be purchased by making a settlement on it and paying $1.25 per acre.

In MAPLE Township there is one tract of 160 acres, one of 480 acres, and one of 820 acres.

NENESCAH Township, one tract of 320 acres, one of 340, and one of 480 acres. The last named tract is within one and one-half miles of a schoolhouse.

In VERNON Township, there is one tract in section No. 2 of 320 acres; three miles from a schoolhouse.

BEAVER has no vacant Government lands.

BOLTON has 160 acres in the northwest corner, one and one-half miles from a schoolhouse.

ROCK CREEK Township has one tract of 640 acres in Sec. No. 6, one tract of 80 and one of 40 acres in Sec. 12; one of 160 acres in Sec. 9, and other tracts, making equivalent to four sections.

WINFIELD Township has two sections in the northeast corner of the township, and two 160 acre tracts near the southeast corner.

PLEASANT VALLEY Township has three sections in the northeast corner and 160 acres near the center of the township.

CRESWELL Township has 320 acres on the east line of the township, and 160 acres one mile east of the Walnut.

RICHLAND Township is one half Government land, with Timber Creek running through it.

TISDALE Township has four and a half sections of Government lands, most of them within three miles of Tisdale.

LIBERTY Township is two-thirds Government land. Silver Creek runs through this township.

SILVERDALE is one-half Government land. Grouse and Silver Creeks run through this township: both well timbered.

OMNIA is three-fourths Government land. Land can be had at $1.25 per acre within one mile of the village of Baltimore.

SILVER CREEK Township is one-third Government lands.

SHERIDAN Township is about two-fifths Government land, with Silver Creek running through it.

SPRING CREEK Township has but few settlements in the north­ern part, and it is one-half Government land, a good portion of which is within a mile of a schoolhouse, and two miles of Maple City.

HARVEY Township is almost wholly owned by the Government.

WINDSOR Township is but about one-sixth settled, and it is a promising and desirable township to locate in.

DEXTER Township is settled about two-fifths, and enjoys good schools and the advantages of Grouse Creek.

CEDAR Township is half settled, the northern part being mostly vacant.

OTTER Township is settled about one-third. It lies in the southeastern part of the county.

This embraces each Township in the County, and the estimate of vacant lands is made from the State Agricultural Report for 1876.

Before a month all the land mentioned cannot be termed vacant, for as soon as the vacant tracts are made known, the hundreds of home seekers already in this county will hunt them out, and make a settlement on them. Our object is to let the facts be known. In the eastern part of this county there are thousands of acres of far better land, for $1.25 per acre, than many farms “back East” worth $100 per acre.

Let your friends know it, and have them come to Cowley instead of locating on railroad lands, held at five and ten dollars per acre.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

SCHOOL closes in two weeks.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

DR. ALEXANDER lectures for the benefit of the school bell fund next Monday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

ANOTHER LECTURE. The next lecture of the people’s course will be given by Dr. J. Alexander, on Monday evening, March 27th, at the First Presbyterian Church. Subject: “Readings from the Diary of an Army Surgeon.” Lecture free. Collection taken for school bell fund. Music will be furnished. Let the house be full. H.

Winfield Courier, March 23, 1876.

At the examination last Saturday four out of the seven applicants for certificates carried away autographs of Profs.’ Wilkinson and Lemmon. Miss Hilton received a first, Miss Robert­son a second, and Mrs. Smith and Geo. Lea a third grade proclamation. Miss Hilton passed a very creditable examination and will make a valuable teacher. So says the board.

Winfield Courier, March 23, 1876.

A few choice school district bonds wanted at the office of MANNING & WALTON.

Winfield Courier, March 23, 1876.

                                                      District Court Docket.

                                               CIVIL DOCKET. THIRD DAY.

                                         W. S. Cottingham vs. School District 19.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

School closes next week.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

REV. TANNER, of Wyandotte, Kansas, of the M. E. Church, will preach at Parker’s schoolhouse on the second Sunday in April. His main object will be to see about organizing a German church.


Winfield Courier, March 30, 1876. Editorial Page.

                                                            Lazette News.

Mr. D. W. Range closed on the 18th his term of school in District No. 14.


Cowley County Democrat, April 6, 1876.

Arkansas City Item. The school is having a vacation, and Prof. Hulse and pupils are having a few weeks recreation.


Winfield Courier, April 6, 1876. Editorial Page.

                                                            Lazette News.

School district No. 74 is taking steps for the erection of a schoolhouse.

MARRIED. On Friday, March 24, D. W. Ramage and Ettie Gardner were married. Mrs. Henry Ramage furnished a very invit­ing supper, and Squire A. J. Pickering tied the knot.

Elder Buckner preached here Friday night, March 24, intro­ducing our new minister, Rev. J. W. Stewart, who held services in the schoolhouse Sabbath morning and made an appointment for the 9th of April.

On the 26th ult. a Sabbath school organization was effected at the Armstrong schoolhouse.

Cowley County Democrat, Thursday, April 6, 1876.

                                      GIBBS & HYDE, Contractors and Builders.

                                              Will contract for all kinds of work.

DOORS, SASH, BLINDS, AND PINE LUMBER, Furnished Cheaper than any contractors in the Southwest. A Specialty made of Building and Furnishing SCHOOL HOUSES. Being prepared to give bonds for faithful compliance with our contracts, we ask those who anticipate building TO GIVE US A CALL. Winfield, Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

School began again last Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

The examination of applicants for teachers took place at the schoolhouse at Winfield Friday and Saturday, April 7th and 8th. Professors T. A. Wilkinson, A. B. Lemmon and E. W. Hulse consti­tuted the Board of Examiners. There were twenty-nine applicants, named as follows:

Dora Winslow, Vernon Township.

Jennie Lawson, Maggie Strasburg, Mary Strasburg, Effie Randall, Sarah E. Davis, Ida Roberts, Alice Pyburn, Emily Rob­erts, S. E. Moore, M. J. Huff, Ollie Huff, Winfield Township.

Sarah Bovee, Mrs. I. E. Brown, Ella Davis, New Salem Township.

C. E. Fitzgerald, Ella Clover, Emma Burden, Arvilla Elliott, Lou A. Bedell, Lazette Township.

Kate Birdzell, Albertine Maxwell, Louisa Franklin, Laura E. Turner, Arkansas City.

Nancy J. Baxter, Alice A. Mann, Little Dutch Township.

Gertie Davis, Tisdale Township.

C. C. Holland, M. L. Smith, Pleasant Valley Township.

The ages of the applicants were 15 to 23 years, and the average standard eight, on a scale of ten.

Winfield Courier, April 13, 1876.

Mrs. T. A. Wilkinson will teach a school for the next three months in Bolton Township.


Winfield Courier, April 13, 1876.

                                                      Grouse Valley Items.

R. C. Maurer closed his school on the 25th ultimo.

Will Merydith closed one term of school, and then made an engagement for life—that is, he got married.

Treasurer Bryan still swings the birch at Dexter.

Winfield Courier, April 13, 1876.

Twenty-nine teachers were present at the examination last Friday and Saturday. Of those present the following received second grade certificates: Misses Dora Winslow, Maggie Stansbury, Mary Stansbury, Gertie Davis, Louisa Franklin, Laura E. Turner, Mr. C. C. Holland, and Mrs. I. E. Brown. Those who received third grade certificates are as follows: Misses Sarah Bovee, C. E. Fitzgerald, Ella Davis, Albertine Maxwell, Effie Randal, Sarah E. Davis, Ella Clover, Ioa Roberts, Emma Burden, Arvilla Elliot, L. A. Bedell, M. J. Huff, and Mr. M. L. Smith.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

There will be a meeting of the United Brethren, at Theaker’s schoolhouse on the 29th of this month, at eleven o’clock, a.m.



Arkansas City Traveler, April 26, 1876.

The Union Sabbath School was reorganized at the Holland schoolhouse Sunday, April 16. Rev. Mason was chosen to act in the capacity of Superintendent; Mr. Al. Hon was elected

librari­an, and Mrs. Amy Chapin, treasurer.

Mr. Frank Chapin is building a very good residence one mile south of Holland schoolhouse. It is to be 16 x 20 feet, and made of pine lumber.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 26, 1876.

A SUNDAY SCHOOL was organized on Sunday last in School District 32, which will meet every Sabbath hereafter in the Parker schoolhouse at 3 o’clock p.m. C. M. Henshaw was elected Superintendent.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1876.

Prof. A. B. Lemmon was admitted to the practice of law at the last term of court. If the Prof. makes as good a lawyer as a teacher, he will have plenty to do when once well in the


Winfield Courier, April 27, 1876.

District 51, down in father Chesney’s neighborhood, in Silverdale Township, has just issued five hundred dollars of bonds for a schoolhouse.


Winfield Courier, April 27, 1876. Editorial Page.

                                                           Richland Items.

Yesterday we organized a Sabbath School at Richland schoolhouse.

Our schoolhouse is near the center of Richland Township, on section 29, township 30, range 5 east.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1876.

A festival will be held at the Brane schoolhouse in Pleasant Valley Township on Friday (tomorrow) night. It is to be of the necktie order and for the benefit of the Sabbath school at that place. Winfield friends are invited.



Arkansas City Traveler, May 3, 1876.

The summer term of school in District No. 10 was called to order this morning by Miss Moore, who bears the reputation of being a well qualified and energetic teacher.

I had the pleasure of attending a neck-tie Sociable, at Odessa schoolhouse, given by the Sabbath school of that vicini­ty. It was well attended and conducted in such a manner that all who were present enjoyed themselves splendidly. The proceeds of the evening were about $23, which are to be expended for a Sabbath school library.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1876.

A crowded house gathered at the Sunday school festival in the Brane schoolhouse last Friday. The receipts amounted to $21.40.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1876.

SAM JARVIS’ school, at the Jarvis schoolhouse, in Silver Creek Township, has a vacation this week while the children are at home wrestling with the measles.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1876.

Sanford Day from Cedar Township called this week. He has temporarily removed to Dexter for the schooling of his children. He runs a blacksmith shop to pay expenses. From him we learn that the great rainfall of the late storm came down Saturday morning. The water was a foot deep over the surface of the earth. Grouse was soon out of its banks. Messrs. McDorman and Day at once constructed a rude boat and went to the rescue of threatened families, several of which were driven from their homes. No serious damage reported.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 17, 1876.

JUDGE GANS will preach at the Parker schoolhouse next Saturday night, “at early candle light.”



Arkansas City Traveler, May 17, 1876.

                                          PLEASANT VALLEY, May 15, 1876.

Revs. McDonald and Reese have arrived, and have been holding a series of meetings at the Holland schoolhouse.

The Union Sabbath School is progressing finely, being composed of one superintendent, five teachers, and about eighty students.

The school in District No. 10 is progressing finely under the supervision of Miss Moore.



Arkansas City Traveler, May 17, 1876.

The schoolhouse in District No. 72, which has hung fire so long, is in process of construction, and will probably be com­pleted in time to be named Centennial. Prof. T. A. Wilkinson has the contract, and is putting it through with a rush.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 17, 1876.

Our public school closes next Friday.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 17, 1876.

The Union Sabbath School has a $250 library.


Winfield Courier, May 25, 1876.

                                                     Silver Creek Township.

Eugene Millard is teaching the school in the Brooks district.

Rev. D. Thomas preached to a very large congregation last Sabbath at the Jarvis schoolhouse. The Elder is the traveling missionary for the Southwestern Association.

Winfield Courier, May 25, 1876.

The Winfield schools close for the summer tomorrow.

Winfield Courier, June 1, 1876.

RICHARD COURTRIGHT, from Otter, called Tuesday,  He reports the construction of a new schoolhouse in District 66. The house is a neat frame building, 20 by 26 feet in size, and well fin­ished, and cost only $450 in bonds.

Winfield Courier, June 1, 1876.

                                                      Our Winfield Schools.

The Winfield Public Schools closed a nine month’s term last Friday. To see how the “rising generation” was taught to shoot ideas in our city, we visited, in the order named, the Higher, Intermediate, and Primary Departments last Thursday. The school never having been visited by an “item chaser,” it is not neces­sary to say that one was not expected at that time. We found the “house in order” however, and the floor occupied by Prof. Lemmon, and a corps of handsome young ladies engaged in a hand-to-black­board contest with “tenths, hundredths, thousandths,” and that little “period” that causes so much trouble with amateurs in decimal fractions. They soon proved themselves mistresses of the situation. . . . We next paid a visit to the INTERMEDIATE DEPARTMENT, presided over by that successful teacher, Miss Jennie Greenlee. . . .

Now we come to the PRIMARY DEPARTMENT, in charge of Miss Ada Millington. This is the most difficult department to manage in any public school. . . . Though her first school, Miss Millington has proven what her friends predicted, that she would make a very successful teacher.

                                                         Students Mentioned.

Miss Laura McMillen was most punctual in attendance.

The following students passed the required examinations and received teacher’s certificates: Misses Mary E. Lynn, Maggie Stansbury, Kate Gilleland, Sarah Bovee, Amy Robert­son, Ray Nawman, Iowa Roberts, C. A. Winslow, and Mrs. Estes.

Names of students worthy of special mention at the examina­tion at the close of the school year:

“A” Class Arithmetic: Mary E. Lynn, Emily Roberts, and Samuel E. Davis.

“B” Class Arithmetic: Minerva Martin, Nannie McGee, Luzetta Pyburn, and Alice Pyburn.

“C” Class Arithmetic: Lizzie Kinne, Rosella Stump, and Anna Hunt.

“B” Class Geography: Mollie Davis, Emily Roberts, Alice Pyburn, Nannie McGee, Minerva Martin, Ida McMillen, and Jennie Haine.

U. S. History: Harry McMillen and Emily Roberts.

“B” Class Grammar: Mollie Davis, Luzetta Pyburn, and Minerva Martin.

“A” Class Grammar: Emily Roberts and Mary E. Lynn.

The following named students of the Intermediate Department received prizes for good standing in their classes: 1st Fourth Reader, Minnie Stewart; 2nd Fourth Reader, Alfred Tarrant; Third Reader, Eddie Bullene; 1st Spelling class, Hattie Andrews; 2nd Spelling class, Ada Hudson; 3rd Spelling class, May Manning.



Arkansas City Traveler, June 7, 1876. Front Page.    

Rev. Wingar preaches at the Holland schoolhouse every alternate Sabbath. The Union Sabbath school is one of the best and most interesting schools in Cowley County. Mr. Mason is determined to have a library, which will add greatly to the interest of the school.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 7, 1876.

SUNDAY, June 18th, a basket picnic will be held near Gassaway’s, on the west side of the Arkansas. Revs. Gans and Irvin will conduct the religious exercises. In the evening of the same day a meeting will be held at Parker’s schoolhouse.

Winfield Courier, June 8, 1876.

School District No. 51, Silverdale Township, voted $455 of its bonds for the purpose of erecting a schoolhouse. Upon examination it is found that their total assessable property only amounts to a little over seven thousand dollars, hence the bonds are illegal and void.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 14, 1876.

                                                     SCHOOL MEETING.

A meeting of the voters of School District No. 2 will be held at the schoolhouse in Arkansas City, Tuesday, June 20th, at 4-1/2 o’clock, for the purpose of determining the Principalship of the school for the coming year. The Directors have endeavored to secure the best teacher for the least money, and will have several propositions for the meeting to act on, and there should be a full attendance. We believe in reducing our taxes as much as possible, yet, in the choice of a teacher, careful discretion should be used, and no experiments resorted to. We have had occasion to visit the school several times during the past year, and several times expressed ourselves well pleased with its management.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 14, 1876.   

                                                              Crab Creek.

We had occasion to make a flying trip to Crab Creek one day this week, and felt well paid for the journey. For the benefit of those who are not familiar with its locality, we will state that it is a small stream emptying into the Grouse, from the east, about seven miles below Dexter. The bottom lands average one-half mile wide, and timber now and then skirts the stream. It is a good locality, especially for those who desire to farm and raise stock, as wide ranges remain unoccupied both east and west of the stream.

Dexter and Cabin Valley are the nearest post offices; the former being three miles distant, and the latter within a mile of the mouth of the creek, on the west side of Grouse.

About half way from the mouth to the head of the creek, a beautiful little schoolhouse has been erected and named Fairview. It is in school district No. 54.

Going up the creek we noticed a number of new settlers since our former visit. Among others, Mr. Bleakmore, a thorough farmer, and respected resident, from Henry Co., Iowa. On the bluff west of Mr. Elliott’s house, we could see the wheat fields of Wm. Moore, who has 40 acres; Mr. Hightower, 20 acres; Mr. Elliott, 80 acres; Mr. Bleakmore, 20 acres; Hamel & Harrison, 100 acres. The wheat was looking fine, but the sod wheat is light. All in all, Crab Creek is a desirable place to locate; but however fond we might be of the locality, it would take some time to become reconciled to the name of Crab.

Winfield Courier, June 15, 1876.

On Wednesday, June 21st, the voters of the Winfield school district are to meet at the schoolhouse and consider the matter of employing teachers for the coming year.

Winfield Courier, June 15, 1876.

A petition is in circulation asking the district clerk to call a meeting of the voters of district No. 1, for the purpose of organizing as a graded school district. Under the graded district organization, the annual meeting of the district will be held on the last Wednesday of June, and the length of term, salaries of teachers, and rate of taxation can be determined without a special meeting, before the time that teachers should be employed for the ensuing year. Also, under that organization the voters have power to establish a grade and to adopt and enforce such rules for the government of the school as shall result in making them more effective. The new plan secures all the advantages of the old, and many others without additional expense, and will doubtless be adopted.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 21, 1876.

QUITE an animated discussion was held at the schoolhouse yesterday afternoon, to determine who should be employed to teach during the coming year. The motion to make a change of the principality was lost, and the meeting adjourned. Prof. Hulse has since withdrawn his application altogether, and will teach elsewhere.

Winfield Courier, June 22, 1876.

Prof. Hulse, of Arkansas City, will probably have charge of the Winfield graded schools the coming year.



Arkansas City Traveler, June 28, 1876.

Religious meetings held once a week, either at Grouse Creek or at Newland’s schoolhouse. J. A. B.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 28, 1876.

The Oxford applicant for the school at this place acted wisely. After seeing the result of one of our quiet gatherings, he withdrew his application and started for home, congratulating himself that his scalp remained.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 28, 1876.

At a school meeting held at Winfield, last Wednesday, it was unanimously decided to employ Prof. Hulse to teach the public school at that place for $810 per year. We congratulate Prof. Hulse on his success, and the people of our sister town on securing one of the best educators in the Southwest.

Winfield Courier, June 29, 1876.

PETER PIPER gives an amusing account, in another column, of the recent school meeting held at Arkansas City. The chairman seems to have ruled arbitrarily, but as it effected both sides the same way, no offense was taken by the attendants.

Winfield Courier, June 29, 1876.

                                                       From Arkansas City.

                                           ARKANSAS CITY, June 22, 1876.

DEAR COURIER: My semi-monthly is up and here I come. Don’t head me off, for my tale I must unfold or bust.

We had a school meeting the other day; none of your poor, miserable, insignificant little school meetings, but a regular genuine old-fashioned, double-fisted, red-hot Democratic school meeting.

There was elected a chairman who was no slouch, but who was wide-awake and up to the times, and was not to be governed by such trifles as the school laws, made by a lot of “block-heads” at Topeka, when we could make our own laws; and as for Cushing he was nowhere, for he never was at a Kansas school meeting; besides he was an old fogy, entirely behind the times.

Then we had a clerk who was so modest that little girls and old fat ladies could not hear him read unless they quit laughing and talking, which was not to be expected.

There were only fifteen applicants for the school. The first applicant the lawyers took in hand, and one of them spent the whole afternoon muttering section five of the Constitution of the State is “not unconstitutional.” But he was soon brought to time by another, who proceeded to pronounce a funeral oration of the late Jim Lane, who he swore was a school teacher as well as a statesman. At this point another lawyer read three volumes of reports, which proved clearly that the applicant would suck eggs, and, of course, was not the man.

The next was no better, for the “doctors” put the knife to him, and it was soon developed that his wife’s grandmother took snuff, and it was contagious.

The next would have gone through with flying colors, but the clergy rose en mass, and said, this was a war between the church and infidelity, and would be a stain on the character of the applicant, which sent him to grass.

At this stage several applicants withdrew amidst “very silent” applause.

The bankers finished one, because someone had heard him say fifty percent was usury. The remaining one was scalped by a merchant, because he had passed a silver twenty cent piece of new issue for a quarter.

The meeting resolved to do as everyone pleased. “Dry” eyes could be seen everywhere. The fight got hot; men were knocked down; women fainted. One fellow insulted an old lady, when the Chair announced that no one would be in order until recognized, when one fellow asked if he recognized him; that he “writ” that piece about him, and wound up by flooring the chairman, who, when he recovered, ruled that no one would be recognized until he stated what he was going to say.

The voters grew wild; one man wanted to know what the previous question was, but he was called an old fool, and told to go to sleep. One small man with a weak voice drew a double-barreled shot gun and moved to reconsider the previous question, which was agreed to at once.

The motion then prevailed that we be unanimous, and the choir struck up—

                                                      “He is sweetly sleeping,”

and the meeting adjourned to meet at the ladies’ sewing circle.

Tonight the victorious party is parading the streets with torches, banners, and patriotic mottos, some of which are very appropriate, as “His soul is marching on;” “Do you want your daughter to marry a nigger?;” “Peace to men;” “Poor old soldier;” “The colored troops fought nobly;” and many similar ones, with which we are all familiar.

The church bells are ringing; the steam boats are whistling; the fire department is out in full force; the Sunday school scholars are strewing the streets with flowers, and the boys have gone to the keno hall. The dead are buried and the wounded are dressed, and if any die, I will inform you at once.

We have two quire of paper characters on hand for the owners when called for.

                                                  Yours everly, PETER PIPER.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 5, 1876.

School closed last Friday until next September.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 5, 1876.

The closing exercises of the Arkansas City public school took place last Friday, when the pupils bid their teacher good­bye, and as a token of their gratitude and respect, presented him with a beautiful book of poems, entitled “Farm Legends.”  The number of students attending the last term was 155, twenty-two of whom were paying a tuition of about $2 each. The enrollment for the spring term was 72. Several of the students passed credit­able examinations during the last week of the term, and received teachers’ certificates. There has always existed the most friendly feeling between the students and Principal.

Winfield Courier, July 6, 1876. Editorial Page.

                                                   From Sheridan Township.

ED. COURIER: As I am a regular reader of your most welcome paper, and seeing some communications from my worthy friends, Paul Pry and Timothy Pry, his brother, concerning Mount Conten­tion, I thought I would wind my way thereto.

Last Saturday at 2 o’clock p.m., I arrived at the sacred spot and found quite a number of brothers and sisters, as they termed themselves, gathered together. Among the number was David, the prophet, and Jacob, the elder, the right bower of David, the prophet. Also James, the deacon, and Wm. Whipthemall, with many others, just one mile north of Charles, the sailor, at the Silver Creek schoolhouse. The house was called to order by David, the prophet, and they proceeded to investigate the cause of the place being called Mount Contention, and the two great combatants was found to be between James, the deacon, and Wm. Whipthemall, and after a fair investigation and hearing the evidence, some of it without swearing to and some sworn testimo­ny, Squire Carter administering the oath. The committee, on Sabbath evening at twenty minutes past five o’clock, presented the following report:

WHEREAS, we have taken all the evidence in the cause and find, in our judgment, both parties in fault; and we further report that James, the deacon, acknowledges that he did wrong in not speaking to Wm. Wm. Whipthemall had no acknowledgment to make as to the charge of offering someone ten dollars to jump his claim, as he was tired of his antagonist and his stock and the abuse of his descendants. He justifies himself in a donation to anyone that would jump his claim, as he had lived there four years without filing, or paying one cent of tax to school his little ones to the number of ten.

So I will close this little narrative, feeling it my duty as well as a privilege to reply to my worthy brothers, P. and T. Pry. TOM TILT.

Winfield Courier, July 6, 1876.

MR. GEO. ROBINSON, another brother of Will C.’s, has just arrived from Illinois. Of course, he is a school teacher. All of the Robinson boys are. He has made application to teach the Arkansas City school. We hope he will be able to secure it.


Cowley County Democrat, Winfield, Kansas, Thursday, July 13, 1876.

                  Read at the Centennial Celebration, July 4th, 1876, at Winfield, Kansas.

                                                    BY WIRT W. WALTON

Supt. of Pub. Inst., L. B. Wamsley, A. S. Blanchard, E. P. Hickok, and T. A. Wilkinson.


During the summer, fall, and winter of 1870, the tide of immigration kept flowing into Cowley County. The valleys of the large streams were all settled upon and still they continued coming, until the settlement extended across the rich prairie into the smaller valleys beyond. There was a certain social, or equality, feeling that existed in those good old days among the settlers that would be termed improper and imprudent by the people here today. Away from home and friends, out on the verge of civilization almost within sound of the bloody war whoop, and always within hearing of the prowling coyote, it is no wonder that at times they overstepped the bounds of eastern etiquette. By the flickering light of some settler’s dip lamp, many fleeing hours were chased into merry morn, by the flying feet of Cowley’s pioneers. People would go miles and miles to join in such festivities. The violin always precedes the evidence of a better civilization. This era did not continue long; it soon gave way to school and church exercises, and the more refined and christian like enjoyments.

Cowley County Democrat, July 13, 1876.

Gibbs & Hyde have just contracted for a schoolhouse six miles north and west of Winfield, size 20 x 34, for $600 in bonds. They have also taken a contract to build a dwelling on Little Dutch.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 19, 1876.

MR. ROBINSON, of Illinois, was in town last Friday. We understand he was one of the applicants for the school at this place.


Arkansas City Traveler, July 19, 1876.

Rev. Annis, of Sumner County, delivered a short but inter­esting sermon at the Holland schoolhouse last Sabbath, which caused many of our worldly church goers to bow their heads in deep and solemn reflection.

Winfield Courier, July 20, 1876.

A new style of gospel is being preached at the Holland schoolhouse and other places in this and Sumner County by two or three traveling preachers, who call themselves Christ’s disci­ples. They are reported as healing the sick and restoring the infirm to health. They wear their hair long, part it in the middle, and observe other unusual habits. Several converts have joined them, five of whom were baptized in the Walnut, near Moore’s mill, last Sabbath.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 26, 1876.

We are pleased to learn that Miss Georgie Christian, daugh­ter of Judge Christian, has received a second-class certificate as a teacher in Cowley County. Miss Christian has been a pupil in our city school under Prof. Hulse during the past winter and spring terms, and we feel justified in saying that any district in Cowley County that may be fortunate enough to secure her services will not be disappointed, as she is a young lady of more than ordinary intelligence and accomplishments. She has had the advantage of the Lawrence school system, perhaps the best in the State, if not in the West, and is a native Kansan.


Winfield Courier, August 3, 1876. Editorial Page.

                                                   From Sheridan Township.

There will be a meeting of the young men of Sheridan and Silver Creek townships next Sunday evening, immediately after singing, at the Jarvis schoolhouse, for the purpose of organiz­ing a “Young Men’s Tobacco Chewing Association.” Applicants for membership must not be under ten years of age. No reference required. We have engaged the services of thorough and experi­enced chewers from abroad, and with what local assistance we can obtain, expect to make the exercises interesting, instructive, and beneficial. Young men, let each and everyone of you avail yourselves of the golden opportunity. Each one must bring his own tobacco, for we will allow no begging. TIMOTHY PRY.

Winfield Courier, August 3, 1876.

At the meeting of the Winfield school board last Saturday, it was decided to employ Miss Mollie Bryant to teach the primary and Miss Saint the intermediate department, for the ensuing term.

Winfield Courier, August 3, 1876.

MR. ASBERRY, of school district number thirty-seven, twenty miles east of here, heard the anvils last Saturday night.

Winfield Courier, August 3, 1876.

                                                      From Pleasant Valley.

The picnic on Walnut, in the vicinity of Odessa school­house, held on Saturday, July 29th, in which five Sabbath schools participated, was, in spite of the hot weather, a success. A better speech could not have been listened to than the one made by Professor Lemmon, of Winfield, on the occasion. Mr. Klingman gave a history of Excelsior school, and while he was able to truthfully boast of its being the first one organized on the divide, Mr. Hon, representing Pleasant Valley school, was enabled to inform the people that his school was only a few weeks later in organizing. Mr. Mason then stood up in behalf of the school at Brane’s schoolhouse, and gave an interesting history of it in a few appropriate remarks.

The McDonaldites are getting to be quite numerous in the vicinity of the Holland schoolhouse. Five more were added to their number and plunged into the water this week. Now the astonishing fact is that as Satan has come to establish his kingdom on earth, so many can be found to enter in. They call themselves “followers of Christ,” and claim to be healing the sick and performing many miracles, but, the only miracle they have been able as yet to perform, has been the cheating of some of our neighbors out of their bed and board for a few weeks. We are sorry that some of our good citizens are being thus misled, and hope that Brigham will soon call his children to some other field of labor. VERITAS.

Winfield Courier, August 10, 1876.

Last week in speaking of the action of the school board in reference to employing teachers for the primary and intermediate departments of the Winfield schools, we omitted to mention the fact that Mr. George Robinson had also been engaged as principal. We did not understand at the time that the contract had been closed with him.

Winfield Courier, August 17, 1876.

At a special meeting of the board of county commissioners recently, Mr. George Robinson was appointed school examiner in the place of Prof. Hulse, who has removed from the county.

Winfield Courier, August 17, 1876.

MAPLE CITY is a village of five or six houses in Spring Creek Township, ten miles south of Dexter. The country round about it is rich and well settled. An industrious and intelli­gent people center there for business and mail. A blacksmith and wagon shop is located there. A good schoolhouse for educational and religious purposes is erected. A mercantile house is badly needed there. A merchant would do well to go in at that place now, and stick by it. A good steam grist mill would do well there also. Coal is handy and water plenty. For any further information concerning the place, address R. P. Goodrich, Maple City.

Winfield Courier, August 17, 1876.


Miss E. Jennie Gowen, music teacher from Chicago, Illinois, will be in Winfield on or about August 21st, prepared to give instructions in vocal and instrumental music. Those desiring to make engagements with her will please leave their names at Mrs. Dr. Mansfield.

Winfield Courier, August 17, 1876.

Last Thursday this school district was the scene of an exciting contest over the election of District Clerk for the next three years. Our citizens showed clearly that they were in favor of “reform” with all that the word implies. Messrs. B. F. Baldwin and John Pryor were put in the field by their respective friends and from the time the balloting began, which was about three o’clock, until the polls were closed at six o’clock, there was “hurrying to and fro” by the voters of the district, male and female, in the interest of the favorite boys. More than 250 votes were cast and when counted out, John Pryor was declared elected by sixteen majority. Neither of the candidates attended the meeting, and from what we saw, we should say they were the most disinterested parties in the district as to the result.


Winfield Courier, August 17, 1876. Last Page.

                                                      COWLEY COUNTY.

Schools, etc. Organized school districts, 108; schoolhouses, 58; value of school buildings and grounds, furniture and apparatus, $63,476.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 23, 1876.

NOTICE the advertisement for the Arkansas City Schools, beginning September 4, 1876.

A. M. BACON, a graduate of Amherst college, is the Principal, and comes well recommended. During the last two years this school has gained an excellent reputa­tion, and we can guarantee a continuance.

                                           AD: ARKANSAS CITY SCHOOLS.

First term begins Sept. 4th; continues sixteen weeks, and closes Dec. 24. Second term begins Jan. 7, 1877; continues twelve weeks and closes March 23. Third term begins April 2; continues twelve weeks, and closes June 22, 1877.


$1.00 per month, in advance, unless other arrangements are made with the Board.

Rooms can be procured for those wishing to board themselves. Board can be had at reasonable prices.

For admission, apply to H. M. BACON, Principal.

By order of the Board. T. H. McLAUGHLIN, District Clerk.



Arkansas City Traveler, August 23, 1876.

Yesterday, the 19th, our country was all on wheels, rolling into neighbor Fleharty’s grove to celebrate the Centennial year with a Sabbath school jollification. The Centennial, Liberty, and Pleasant Grove schools were present, and more were expected, but failed to come. They very best of music was rendered by all the above named schools. All did justice to a most excellent dinner. Our speakers were all present, and their addresses were appreciated by everybody. Fully three hundred people were present. I. O. F.

Winfield Courier, August 24, 1876. Editorial Page.

                                                   PROF. A. B. LEMMON.

The nomination, by the Republican State Convention, of our townsman, Prof. A. B. Lemmon, as a candidate for Superintendent of Public Instruction, was not only a surprise to him and to his opponent, but also to the State at large. But the Republicans of the State can feel assured that it is no mistake that he is upon the ticket. He is not only competent to fill the office, but he is a practical man. It is due the great party which will support him in the coming election to state something of his history.

Aged only twenty-nine years, born in Harrison County, Ohio, reared and educated in Iowa. After a course of study at Howe’s high school, at Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, he became the principal of the public school at Brighton, Iowa, at the age of nineteen. He there earned the means to put him into the Iowa State University, from which he graduated at the head of his class in June, 1869. Going directly to Arkansas he organized the public schools at Ft. Smith, and remained there two years. Resigning his position there in the spring of 1871 he came to Cowley County and pur­chased a farm and labored thereon that season. In the fall he was appointed superintendent of the city schools of Independence, and was very successful in that position. Returning to Winfield last summer, at the request of the school board, he took charge of the graded schools of this city for the year ending last June. The Prof. having determined to leave the schoolroom for the courtroom—was admitted to the bar at the last term of court in this county. He is at present teaching an interesting normal class in this place, and as soon as released, will be heard from on the stump in favor of the straight ticket, in which position he can take care of himself.

Winfield Courier, August 24, 1876.

                                                     Sunday School Pic-Nic.

There will be a Sunday School pic-nic near the Jarvis schoolhouse, on Silver Creek, above the Saunders crossing, on Friday, September 1st, at 10 o’clock a.m. Prof. Hickok and others, not connected with the school, are to be present. A general invitation is extended to the public.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 30, 1876.

PROF. BACON, the new teacher, is expected this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 30, 1876.

WANTED. A male teacher for school district 53 for a six months’ term of school beginning October 1, 1876; ability to teach the rudiments of music; recommendation from District Board preferable to graded certificate.

                                      WM. MERCER, Director, Bolton Township.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 6, 1876.

MISS GEORGIE CHRISTIAN has been engaged as assistant teacher in the schools at this place at $25 per month.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 6, 1876.

The teachers’ examination for certificates takes place at Winfield next week, after the close of the Institute, which will probably be Friday and Saturday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 6, 1876.


As Prof. Bacon desired to attend the Teacher’s Institute now in session at Winfield, the public schools at this place have been postponed until September 18th, nearly two weeks.



Arkansas City Traveler, September 6, 1876.

At the annual school meeting of district No. 10 there was no change of officers made, Mr. Ed. Chapin being unanimously elected to the clerkship of the district.

Winfield Courier, September 7, 1876.

                                          Webster’s Unabridged Dictionaries.

Prof. Wilkinson has made arrangements whereby he can furnish the above named books to every school district in the county and to any parties who may want them, at low figures.

Winfield Courier, September 7, 1876. Editorial Page.

                                                       The Tisdale Hurrah!

EDITOR COURIER: Last week the Tilden and Hendricks club, of Tisdale, challenged the Hayes and Wheeler club of that place to a joint discussion of the political questions of the day. The Democrats selected for their champion J. Wade McDonald, and the Republicans the Hon. James McDermott. Last night the discussion took place in the schoolhouse at Tisdale. The house was crowded and there were enough people outside to fill another house of the same size.

The Hayes and Wheeler club of this place attended the meeting in uniform. McDermott opened the ball, and from the time he commenced until the time he ended, every sentence was a “red-hot” shot into the camp of the enemy. The history of the Demo­cratic party, its frauds and corruptions, were completely shown up. McDonald, who, as everybody knows, is the orator of Cowley County’s Democracy, followed, but there was no “discussion.” He did not answer a single statement made by McDermott, but simply said, “I deny, where’s your proof?” The old worn-out story of “Grant’s frauds,” “Caesarism,” “Military interference and bayonet rule,” and a heart-rending appeal for the rights of the “Sover­eign States” of the South, closing with a denunciation of the removal of T. K. Johnston from the Winfield post office and the appointment of Kelly in his stead constituted his speech.

McDermott, in replying, reminded him that he had forgotten about the removal of the maimed Union soldiers by the rebel House and putting in their places rebel soldiers, and gave proof of all his assertions to be matters of record in the archives of the Nation­al Capitol, and known by the American people to be true. In fact, McDermott, instead of being “skinned,” as was anticipat­ed by the Democrats, was the party who performed the operation, and his opponent was the victim.

The Democrats of Tisdale are not likely to want any more discussions.

                                                          SCALPER NO. 2.

Winfield Courier, September 7, 1876.

MISS EMMA SAINT, sister of our whilom friend, J. Ex., has recently arrived from Illinois. She has been engaged to teach the intermediate department of the Winfield schools.


Winfield Courier, September 7, 1876.

                                           GROUSE VALLEY, Sept. 1, 1876.

Items, like dogs that have paid their taxes, are scarce in this part of the vineyard.

Farmers are busy turning the soil for fall wheat. There will be more acres of wheat sown this fall than ever before. Near the Star Valley schoolhouse, in Dexter Township, double the former acreage will be sown. Jas. Fogle will sow 80; Levi Bullington, 90; Geo. Ballou, Geo. Gardenhire, and Dempsy Elliot each 100, and many others whose names we cannot now give will sow large quantities. Their present wheat crop is in the stack or bin, and will there rest until the sound of the locomotive or the voice of the wheat buyer says one dollar per bushel.

Winfield Courier, September 7, 1876.

A COUNTY TEACHERS’ INSTITUTE will begin at the schoolhouse in Winfield, Monday, September 11, 1876, and continue four days, followed by a teachers’ examination, Friday and Saturday, Sept. 15th and 16th. The examination will be principally written.

                                      T. A. WILKINSON, County Superintendent.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 13, 1876.

                                                      “SO FAR, SO GOOD”

[Judge Christian] notified C. M. Scott that Miss Georgie Christian, engaged as assistant teacher in the Arkansas City schools, is perhaps the only native born Kansas teacher in the State. “The practice heretofore, in all parts of the State, has been to send East and import a teacher, with little or no experi­ence, while we have native talent at home in persons that are fully capable and need the situation.”

Arkansas City Traveler, September 13, 1876.

STEAMBOAT meetings will be held in the different school districts this month for the purpose of organizing a company whereby the farmers can ship their own products.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 13, 1876.

SCHOOL DISTRICT CLERKS are reminded that the new law re­quires them to make out their annual report on or before the 28th of August on each year. They will make out their reports and forward them immediately to T. A. Wilkinson, County Superinten­dent, of whom school laws should be obtained.

Winfield Courier, September 14, 1876.

Next Monday will be the “first day” of the Winfield city school.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 20, 1876.

                                                      Steamboat Meetings!

Meetings will be held at the schoolhouses in the several school districts, to discuss the question of steamboat navigation on the Arkansas River, as follows:

At Salt City Schoolhouse, Parker’s Schoolhouse, South Bend Schoolhouse, Bland’s Schoolhouse, Coburn’s Schoolhouse, Wednesday, Sept. 20, at 7 p.m.

At Theaker’s Schoolhouse, Hunt’s Schoolhouse, Holland’s Schoolhouse, Spring Side Schoolhouse, Thomasville Schoolhouse, Maple City Schoolhouse, and the store at Silverdale, Thursday, Sept. 21, at 7 p.m.

Speakers will be in attendance, and all are requested to be present and express their views.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 20, 1876.

SCHOOL began last Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 27, 1876.

FIFTY-FIVE children attend the primary school, and thirty-five the graded.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 27, 1876.


The following teachers were in attendance at the examination held at Winfield, Friday and Saturday, September 15 and 16, 1876.

WINFIELD. Louis P. King, Lusetta Pyburn, Mr. J. Huff, M. E. Lynn, Mary E. Bryant, E. M. Snow, Sallie E. Rea, C. A. Winslow, Amy Robertson, Mall Roberts, Mrs. Bell Seibert, H. W. Holloway, Mollie A. Davis, O. S. Record, Rachel E. Newman, Ioa Roberts, F. T. Ross, Geo. W. Robinson, J. K. Beckner, Emma Saint, Sarah E. Davis, Maggie Stansbury, M. D. Snow, Byron A. Snow, Helen Wright, Mina O. Johnson, Kate Gilliland.

ARKANSAS CITY. Lizzie Landis, Laura E. Turner, T. Kate Hawkins, Adelia DeMott, Fannie Skinner, Frank A. Chapin, Xina Cowles, H. M. Bacon, Stella Burnett, Anna O. Wright, J. M. Hawthorne, Georgia Christian, Jefferson Bowen, Mrs. A. R. Hauser.

LAZETTE. K. L. Ward, Kate Fitzgerald, M. S. Smith, George Lee, Lucy A. Randall.

DEXTER. Miss McDowell, W. E. Merydith, C. W. Dover, J. C. Armstrong, Mary I. Byard.

TISDALE. Gertie Davis, Ella Wickersham, Emery I. Johnson, Anna Mark.

ROCK. T. P. Stevenson, Chas. H. Eagin, Polly Martindale, J. T. Tarbet.


Oscar J. Holroy, Lizzie Conklin, Cedarvale.

Mary E. Buck, Anna Buck, Canola, Elk County.

Veva Walton, Oxford, Sumner County.

T. B. Kidney, Mrs. Sarah Hollingsworth, Polo.

Porter Wilson, Red Bud.

Wm. E. Ketcham, Maple City.

R. B. Carson, Little Dutch.

I. H. Edwards, Floral.

Winfield Courier, September 28, 1876.

MR. GEORGE ROBINSON, the principal of our public schools, passed an unusually creditable examination at the recent meeting of the board. His certificate is graded as one of the highest ever issued in the county.

Winfield Courier, September 28, 1876.

C. W. DOVER, of Dexter, came in yesterday and wanted the COURIER to continue its regular visits to his Grouse Creek home. We see that C. W. is one of the successful applicants for teacher’s certificates at the recent examinations.


Arkansas City Traveler, October 4, 1876.

List of those receiving certificates at the examination held at Winfield, September 15 and 16, 1876.

“A” Grades: Xina Cowles, Ella Wickersham, Mary A. Bryant, Geo. W. Robinson.

“1st” Grades: H. M. Bacon, H. W. Holloway, Miss Mall. Roberts.

“2nd” Grades: Emery I. Johnson, J. H. Edwards, Wm. E. Ketcham, J. C. Armstrong, Oscar J. Holroyd, C. I. Record, T. B. Kidney, Porter Wilson, R. B. Carson, M. L. Smith, J. T. Tarbet, Charles H. Eagin, E. W. Snow, M. D. Snow, Byron A. Snow, C. W. Dover, George Lee, J. K. Beckner, Frank A. Chapin, J. M. Haw­thorne, T. P. Stevenson, Mrs. Bell Seibert, Mrs. A. R. Hauser, Fannie Skinner, Sarah Hollingsworth, Sarah E. Davis, Stella Burnett, Laura Turner, Anna O. Wright, Veva Walton, Georgia Christian, Gertrude Davis, Adelia DeMott, Lizzie Conklin, Sallie Rea, Miss M. J. Huff, Miss M. E. Lynn, Miss C. A. Winslow, Lusetta Pyburn, Helen Wright, Anna Buck, Mary E. Buck, Ludy Pedell, Kate L. Ward, Emma Saint, Mina C. Johnson, Maggie Stansbury, Kate Gilliland, Rachel E. Nawman, Kate Fitzgerald, Mary I. Byard, W. E. Merydith, Ioa Roberts, Lizzie Landis, Amy Robertson, Kate T. Hawkins, Anna Mark.

“A” grades are valid two years, “1st” grades one year, and “2nd” grades six months. There were four “A” grades, three “1st” grades, and fifty-seven “2nd” grades.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 4, 1876.

PROF. BACON resumed his labors in the public school last Monday, after an illness of one week.

Winfield Courier, October 5, 1876.

It is with pleasure that we notice Miss Mollie Bryant’s name appears in the list of teachers securing “A” grade certificates. She is a very successful teacher and will conduct the primary department of our city schools in a manner reflecting credit upon herself as well as upon the school board.


Winfield Courier, October 5, 1876.

                                                           From Sheridan.

The Silver Creek Baptist church met at their regular busi­ness meeting, and, among other things, called for the articles of agreement between school district No. 30 and the Silver Creek church, when Samuel, the lawgivest, arose and read the said articles, when Jacob, the elder, and David, the prophet, John the Papist, with other leading lights of the fraternity, arose and strongly opposed the contract and denounced it as a fraud. But after considerable palavering and brow-beating, the articles were adopted. And now the great theme which claims our attention is the Southwestern Kansas Association, which will convene here next Friday. The church has made extensive arrangements, and have procured a large and commodious tent for the occasion.

Winfield Courier, October 5, 1876.

Prof. Wilkinson has the contract for building a schoolhouse in a district in Cedar Township, near Otto post office.

Winfield Courier, October 5, 1876.

It is with pleasure that we notice Miss Mollie Bryant’s name appears in the list of teachers securing “A” grade certificates. She is a very successful teacher and will conduct the primary department of our city schools in a manner reflecting credit upon herself as well as upon the school board.

Winfield Courier, October 5, 1876.

The following is a list of the teachers attending the Normal Institute, who secured certificates at the examination: Second grade certificates being valid six months, first grade one year, “A” grade two years.

SECOND GRADE: Emery J. Johnson, J. H. Edwards, Wm. E. Ketcham, J. C. Armstrong, Oscar J. Holroyd, O. J. Record, T. B. Kidney, Porter Wilson, R. R. Corson, M. L. Smith, J. T. Tarbet, Charles H. Eagin, E. W. Snow, M. D. Snow, Byron A. Snow, C. W. Dover, George Lee, J. K. Beckner, Frank A. Chapin, J. M. Hawthorn, T. P. Stevenson, W. E. Meredith, Mrs. Belle Seibert, Mrs. A. R. Hauser, Miss Fannie Skinner, Miss Sarah E. Davis, Miss Stella Burnett, Miss Laura Turner, Miss Anna O. Wright, Mis Veva Walton, Miss Georgia Christian, Miss Gertrude Davis, Miss Adelia DeMott, Miss Lizzie Conklin, Miss Sallie Rea, Miss M. J. Huff, Miss M. E. Lynn, Miss C. A. Winslow, Miss Lusetta Pyburn, Miss Helen Wright, Miss Anna Buck, Miss Mary E. Buck, Miss Kate L. Ward, Miss Emma Saint, Miss Mina C. Johnson, Miss Maggie Stansbury, Miss Kate Gilleland, Miss Rachel E. Nawman, Miss Kate Fitzgerald, Miss Mary I. Byard, Miss Jos. Roberts, Miss Lizzie Landis, Miss Amy Robertson, Miss Kate T. Hawkins, Miss Anna Mark, Miss Lucy Pedell, Miss Sarah Hollingsworth.

FIRST GRADE: H. M. Bacon, H. W. Holloway, Miss Mall Roberts.

“A” GRADE: Miss Xina Cowles, Miss Mary A. Bryant, Ella Wickersham, George Robinson.

Of the seventy teachers applying for certificates fifty-seven received second grade, three first grade, four “A” grade, and six failed.

Winfield Courier, October 5, 1876.

                                                             Picnic, Picnic!

There will be a Grange basket picnic held at L. B. Stone’s grove, one-fourth mile east of Floral schoolhouse, on Friday, Oct. 13th, 1876. Speeches, toasts, vocal and instrumental music, and a big dinner will be the order of the day. Patrons will please appear in full regalia and bring with them a specimen of the products of the soil, so that we may all enjoy the fruits of our summer’s labor. A procession will form at the schoolhouse and march to the grove headed by the Floral Grange. Come out, old Grangers, young Grangers, big Grangers, and all, and let’s have a high old time once more this fall.

By order of the committee on invitation.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 11, 1876.

The small boys captured a live owl in the schoolhouse last week, and amused themselves by exhibiting it on the street.


Winfield Courier, October 12, 1876.

                                                            From Windsor.

Lazette was in an uproar and out of sorts last week about the school teacher, Mr. Geo. Lee, who had been employed by the board to teach the school this winter, but it is all settled now and George will handle the rule for the next six months at Lazette.

Arkansas City Traveler, October 18, 1876.

WOOD! WOOD! Sealed bids for 20 cords of hard wood—oak, walnut, or hackberry—cut and split, two feet in length, will be received at the District Clerk’s office until the 25th of Octo­ber, 1876; said wood to be delivered and corded up on the grounds of School District No. 2, Arkansas City, and measured by the School Board.

                                                       T. H. McLAUGHLIN.

Winfield Courier, October 26, 1876.

Miss Saint’s department of the city school now numbers sixty-five scholars.

Winfield Courier, October 26, 1876.

Miss Emma Burden, of Lazette, is attending the high school in this city.


Winfield Courier, October 26, 1876.

                                                       Grouse Valley News.

George Lee opened the Lazette schools on the 16th inst., with twenty-nine scholars in attendance.

Miss Kate Fitzgerald has opened school in the Kulp school­house.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 1, 1876.

TEACHER WANTED. School District No. 51, in Silverdale Township, wants a male teacher, to begin Dec. 1st.

              Address, H. M. Chancey, Director, or Wm. Herbert, Clerk, Silverdale, Kas.



Arkansas City Traveler, November 1, 1876.

                                              BALTIMORE, October 26, 1876.

The Democratic candidates, Pyburn and Christian, spoke at our schoolhouse a few nights ago, and made a good impression on their friends, but did not convince many Republicans that the election of Tilden and Hendricks would save the country from Rebel rule and the payment of Rebel claims. Still, both of these men will get a number of Republican votes in this and Silver Creek Townships on purely personal grounds.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 1, 1876.

MEETING at Bland’s schoolhouse, Nov. 4th at three o’clock p.m., to nominate Township officers.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 1, 1876.

CAPT. McDERMOTT made us a call last Monday. He spoke at Bland’s schoolhouse in the evening to a good audience. Capt. McDermott is regarded as one of the leading lawyers of the county, and is acknowledged as one of the best speakers. When you see his name on the Republican ticket as a candidate for County Attorney, remember him.

Winfield Courier, November 2, 1876.

WANTED. A three or four months’ term of school by an experienced male teacher. The wages must be good. For referenc­es as to qualifications and competency, inquire of Prof. A. B. Lemmon, or Supt. T. A. Wilkinson. Address Teacher, COURIER office, Winfield, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, November 2, 1876.

Mr. Story, Republican candidate for Superintendent of Public Instruction, writes us that he has been unable, on account of sickness in his family, to fulfill all the appointments for speaking as announced by the central committee. So far as he has been able, he has filled all the appointments.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 8, 1876..

EMBARRASSING. A Bolton Township teacher has fifteen young ladies, as pupils, all older than himself. That young man is on dangerous ground.

Winfield Courier, November 9, 1876.

Our Winfield school is in a healthy condition. Fifty-nine scholars are enrolled in the Higher; fifty-seven in the Interme­diate; and fifty-six in the Primary department. The teachers all seem to have their hands full.

Winfield Courier, November 9, 1876.

                                                    Teacher’s Examination.

There will be a Teachers’ Examination held at the school­house in Winfield, Friday and Saturday, Nov. 17th and 18th—last one held this year. T. A. WILKINSON, County Supt.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 15, 1876.

The County Treasurer will offer the following school land for sale at his office in Winfield, on Saturday, Dec. 23rd: The northwest quarter of sec. 16, Tp. 31, R. 3 east, appraised at $3 per acre. It is to be sold in 40 acre tracts.

Winfield Courier, November 16, 1876.

The M. E. Church building has been rented to the school board, and hereafter M. E. meetings, Sunday schools, etc., will be held in the Baptist church.

Winfield Courier, November 16, 1876.

Two Democrats are “keeping” school in Rock Township. Neither of them have certificates, nor are they qualified. They were hired because they were democrats.



Arkansas City Traveler, November 22, 1876.

The first spelling school of the season was held at the Mercer schoolhouse on last Friday evening. Mr. Young was chosen to act as chairman. Ed. Parker and Lester Burnett were selected as leaders. After spelling twice around, Mr. Myrtle spelled “rouster” and took a back seat. In course of time, and after wrestling with many difficult words, all but Lester Burnett were floored.

Our township is in need of a singing teacher, and I think one could easily get up a school in our vicinity. C. C. H.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 22, 1876.

FOR SALE. MY FARM. Lying in Walnut Valley and adjoining Arkansas City, Kansas. There are forty acres, mostly in wheat, balance in woods, pasture, well watered. This farm is desirable for a farmer or professional man, as it is in the immediate vicinity of popular schools, churches, and excellent society. Price $2,200. Also, seven head of horses, two sets of harness, one top buggy, one farm wagon, and farming implements. If purchased by a physician, will dispose of No. 1 surgical and obstetrical instruments and other supplies.

                                                       NATHAN HUGHES.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 22, 1876.

JUDGE GANS and J. H. IRVIN were in town last Saturday. Mr. Irvin preaches at Spring Side Schoolhouse every third Sunday of each month.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 22, 1876.

NECK-TIE FESTIVAL. The members of the Frontier Union Sunday School will hold a neck-tie festival at Mercer’s schoolhouse, in Bolton Township, at 7 o’clock on Friday evening next. The object of the entertainment is to purchase singing and Sunday school books. Admission 25 cents. A general invitation is extended.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 22, 1876.

                                              SCHOOL BOND ELECTION.

A vote was taken on the proposition to vote $1,000 to build a schoolhouse in District No. 35, in Silverdale Township, last Monday, and was carried. During the voting, a discussion arose between Will Estus and Charles Hawkins, resulting in the drawing of knives. Otherwise, every­thing was quiet.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 29, 1876.

The bonds failed to carry in School District No. 35, last week, and some of the residents want the District divided now.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 29, 1876.

DR. KELLOGG, S. P. CHANNELL, and T. H. McLAUGHLIN are the School Board of District No. 2. The first is Director. The second is Treasurer. The last is Clerk.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 29, 1876.

The receipts of the Neck-Tie Festival, held at Mercer’s Schoolhouse last Friday evening, were $14.90.

Arkansas City Traveler, November 29, 1876.

THERE ARE NEARLY 100 pupils in attendance at the public school of this place.  Sixty in Miss Christian’s department, and forty with Prof. Bacon.


Arkansas City Traveler, November 29, 1876.

                                     LAND AND PROPERTY DISTRIBUTION.

                               A WELL IMPROVED WALNUT VALLEY FARM,

                                Containing 160 Acres, 130 of which are in cultivation;

                                 EIGHTY-FIVE ACRES IN GROWING WHEAT

Living water, comfortable dwellings, etc.; a schoolhouse on southwest corner, situated on Wichita and Winfield road, about four miles from Winfield; the northeast quarter of section twelve, Township thirty-two, range three east.


Arkansas City Traveler, November 29, 1876.


Mr. Avery of Cedar Vale is teaching the winter’s school.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1876.

Though we’ve had schools, prosperous ones too, and largely attended by the youth of our city and vicinity for the past six years, yet until the present term a scholar “to the manor born” has never been in attendance. There are two, at the present writing, who were born on the town site, namely, Freddie Manning and Frankie Curns, attending the primary department of the city schools. This is another proof of the growth and go-a-head-itiveness of our young city.

Winfield Courier, November 30, 1876.

The proposition to vote $15,000 in bonds, for the purpose of building a new schoolhouse in this district, does not meet with general favor. Its originators, who hoped to buy the bonds at about 20 percent discount, find that about ten out of every nine taxpayers in the community are against it. It was not a favor­able proposition; hence you’ll never know its originators.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 6, 1876.

The boys on Grouse Creek got up a ghost and frightened their school teacher away. Naughty boys.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 6, 1876.

DISTRICT NO. 32 (near the mouth of Grouse Creek) wants a teacher for the continuation of their school, four months. They were paying $40 per month. J. P. Musselman is Director.


Arkansas City Traveler, December 6, 1876. Front Page.

We pass to our new neighbors—and there are lots of them, and more coming, all expressing themselves well pleased with Cowley County, while some are as enthusiastic in regard to our future as any old resident. Our new and commodious schoolhouses elicit frequent remarks in favor of the good taste and enter­prise of our citizens. Immigrants are surprised to find, not only a schoolhouse in every district, but schools in session ready to receive their children, where they expected to find a wilderness, and the children running wild. Our school at the Centennial schoolhouse is now in session, to be continued some six months, and taught by Mr. Porter Wilson, a first class educator. Mr. Wilson is now teaching his fifth school in Cowley County. A Good Templar lodge (Red Bud No. 41) has been organized at this house, with a membership of 41. The P. of H. Grand Prairie Grange, No. 881, also meets here, and the M. E. Church holds meetings here every second Sunday. Revs. Jones and M. T. Armstrong officiating. The Catholics hold meetings at Wm. Atkinson’s, and number about 20 members. The services are conducted by Rev. Mr. Schurz. The Baptists, Presbyterians, United Brethren, Seventh Day Advents, Christians, and Universal­ists have their representatives among us, hence the peaceful character of our community.

Mr. Editor, I claim the banner for Maple Township. We have been organized five years, have had no murder, horse stealing, assaults, or slanders, serious law suits, or land contests, in all that time. If there is another township in this county that can say as much, we should be glad to hear from it.

Fall wheat, though late, is of a large healthy growth, and promises well for a crop. The grasshoppers have not troubled it, or done any damage of note in this township.

The general health is good, and people prospering. RED BUD.

Winfield Courier, December 7, 1876.

There will be a festival held at the New Salem schoolhouse on the 16th inst., by the people of that vicinity, for the benefit of their minister, Rev. J. W. Stewart.

Winfield Courier, December 7, 1876.

Profs. Ide and Hoyt are talking of organizing a dancing school in town. They are experienced musicians, and we predict, if successful in securing a class, will give entire satisfaction. Some of the boys need a few lessons, particularly those who “swing partners” like a whirl-wind going at the rate of eighty miles an hour.



Arkansas City Traveler, December 13, 1876.

                            DIXIE, BOLTON TOWNSHIP, DECEMBER 10, 1876.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 13, 1876.

Bolton has six schools, consisting of 186 students. Five of the schools have female teachers, and one is male. Our township is better supplied with zealous, energetic teachers than ever before.

Mr. L. C. Norton’s house is now occupied by a family from Minnesota, who have moved in this district in order to be benefitted by the school.

Singing and spelling schools are successful so far. C. C. H.

Excerpt from long article...

Arkansas City Traveler, December 13, 1876. Front Page.

                                             COWLEY COUNTY, KANSAS.

                                                      Answer to Questions.

8. There are good schoolhouses in almost every School District, and there are nearly 150 Districts in the County.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 13, 1876.

A meeting will be held at Parker’s Schoolhouse, on Thursday evening, Dec. 21st, to complete the purchase of the burial ground known as Prairie View Cemetery.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 13, 1876.

                                                   FREE FIGHT FOR ALL.

The singers in Bolton Township met Monday evening at Lorry’s Schoolhouse, for the purpose of instructing themselves in music and general improvement.

While everything was serene, J. M. Jordon struck one of John Dean’s boys, and then went to the door of the schoolhouse, declaring he could lick any man in the house.

Bob. Wood happened to come, not with any intentions of fight­ing, however, when Jordon laid him out.

Chet. Ward came soon after and endeavored to have all noise and trouble cease, when he got a lick from the same man. Chet. didn’t want to fight; but when he had such a pressing invitation, he let loose the arm he swings the sledge with and Jordon fell down, but scrambled up again in time to get another blow from the same sledge arm that had got up a kind of perpetual motion. Jordon jumped up and down eight times, our informant says, before he was satisfied that he had tackled the wrong kind of an infer­nal machine.

Some of the bystanders endeavored to interfere, and came near having a general row.

Bolton Township is not a place for quarrels, generally, but something must have been in the air for once. We give the statements just as we received them, and do not know if they are entirely correct.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 13, 1876.

The other side of the Bolton fight is that some boys were trying to break up the school, when Jordon punished them. Both sides agree Chet. Ward was not to blame, and did not fight until after he had been struck.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 13, 1876.

That portion of Beaver Township lying west of the Arkansas River, composed of about twenty quarter sections of land, boasts of raising the best corn in Southern Kansas. They also have over 1,300 acres of wheat sown, have a fine schoolhouse, and the general appearance of the farmers indicates that they are in a prosperous condition.

Winfield Courier, December 14, 1876.

A Christmas Tree will adorn Brane’s schoolhouse on the evening of the 25th. A pleasant time is anticipated.

Winfield Courier, December 14, 1876.

On the night of the 5th South Bend Grange gave a neck-tie festival at Brane’s schoolhouse which was largely attended by the P’s of that vicinity. The proceeds of the evening exceeded $50, which will be used to purchase new books for their library. Miss Anna O. Wright was the recipient of the cake, that sold for $23, as being the handsomest, sweetest, etc., young lady present.

Winfield Courier, December 14, 1876.

                                                         Christmas Dinner.

Will be served at Holland’s Schoolhouse Monday the 25th at 1 o’clock P.M. All are invited. Dinner, 25 cents per couple.

Winfield Courier, December 14, 1876.

                                                        Christmas Festival.

The Baptist association, Mount Zion church, will give a festival in Clark’s schoolhouse, in Vernon Township. The table will be spread at 2 o’clock p.m., and stand until 9 p.m. Fifty cents per couple will be charged the guests, the proceeds to go to Elder Hopkins, minister in charge. Music, vocal and instru­mental, will be present. Everybody is cordially invited.

Arkansas City Traveler, December 20, 1876.

A Neck-tie festival will be held at the Theaker schoolhouse on Friday evening, Dec. 29th, 1876, for the benefit of the minister, Father Herbert. All are cordially invited to be present, and participate in a good time. Admission at the door 25 cents, neckties 10 cents, which entitles holders to a bounti­ful supper, and all the pleasure you are capable of enjoying.

Winfield Courier, December 28, 1876.

                                               Report of the Winfield School.

For the term commencing September 18th and ending December 22nd, 1876.

Total number enrolled: 182.

Average daily attendance—

Higher department ........... 40.6

Intermediate department .. 52.2

2nd Primary .............. 38

1st Primary ................ 43.2

Total: 174

In a review of the work of the first term, we are led to believe that the work generally has been at least ordinarily satisfactory. The teachers in the different departments have had the highest interest of the school in view of all their work and have made every effort to accomplish the most work possible for the school in the time and facilities offered. For a time the different departments were so crowded that the work could not be done with a proper degree of satisfaction, at least to the teachers, but in the opening of an additional department this obstacle, to the highest success of the school, has been removed, and there should be no reason now why the schools of Winfield should not be equal to any in the State, wherein the same amount of work is contemplated.

To accomplish this the teachers and parents must cooperate in everything that will tend to make our schools better. Regular attendance must be enforced and the parents must lend the teach­ers efficient aid in this.

We feel as if we have worked to a great disadvantage in this regard in many cases, where the parents seem to care very little whether their children attend school one day in the week or five, and tardi­ness, the foe to successful work in almost every school, is predominant; we have worked hard to overcome it, but we have not yet conquered it.

We earnestly ask all interested in and patrons of the schools to aid us in overcoming this careless and, in most cases, inexcusable habit. We invite the people to visit our schools and to become better acquainted with those who are teaching their children, learn of their methods of instruction, and be better enabled to work with them.

The second term of school commences Tuesday, January 2nd, and continues twelve weeks, in which time, with the aid and encouragement of the parents, we hope to accomplish good work. Let the people feel that the schools are their schools, the teachers their servants, and it is their duty to know by personal observation whether the work is being well done. We will hearti­ly welcome any who may visit us in our work.

Trusting that this brief notice of our schools may lead to more interest in the cause.

                                I am Respectfully, GEO. W. ROBINSON, Principal.


Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877. Front Page.

                                               The Schools of Arkansas City.

We take pleasure in presenting to our readers, on this, our first issue for the year 1877, a stereotyped cut of the Arkansas City Public School Building. An edifice that not only Arkansas City, but Cowley County may justly feel proud of.

We have often felt a desire to present to the eye a view of our schoolhouse, knowing that no description by pen or pencil could give so adequate an idea. With the sight of the eye, all the details are taken in at a single glance, the length, breadth, and height, all appear at one view.

The building is fifty feet square, two stories high, with an observatory on top. In front is a projection, or tower base, of ten by sixteen feet, in which is the main stairway leading from the second story; so that in case of fire, the pupils in the upper story could have a safe and free egress from the building. In case of an alarm or panic, there would be no danger of a jam or closing of the entrance, as the stairway is wide and commodi­ous, and the doors all open to the outside.

The building is of the best of brick, with our beautiful magnesia limestone corners, caps, and sills. The foundation and basement is of stone, well laid in mortar, with cut stone foundation above the ground.

The building is intended to be heated by furnaces, but at present is heated by stoves. It is finished in the best of manner and furnished with all the modern improvements of seats, desks, maps, charts, etc. The school at this time is composed of but two departments: principal and primary. The former is under the superintendence of Prof. H. M. Bacon, a graduate of Amherst College, Massachusetts. The primary department is in charge of Miss Georgia Christian, a thorough instructor of “little ones,” who has over sixty pupils on her rolls, with an average atten­dance of forty-five days.

Prof. Bacon’s department is generally well attended, his daily average being about 47, with over 60 enrolled scholars. The building, which undoubtedly is the finest in Southwestern Kansas, was erected in the summer of 1874, at an entire cost of over $10,000. The contractors were During & Ashton, of Lawrence,  superintended by Judge McIntire, of this city, a practical workman, to whom in part we are indebted for so good a job at so little cost.

The first principal at the opening of the school was Prof. E. W. Hulse, a graduate of the University of Wisconsin, assisted by Miss Lillian Norton of this place.

The building is comparatively new, being opened in October, 1874, and is capable of accommodating 250 scholars: 150 in the lower room and 100 in the upper room.

We copy from the first annual circular, published in 1874, a general statement, which is as true today as at that date.

“Arkansas City is now provided with the best educational facilities to be found in Southern Kansas. The new school building is one of the best in the State, and provided with all needful furniture and some illustrative apparatus excellent in quality. The corps of teachers is sufficiently strong for the present needs of the school, and will be enlarged as the necessi­ties of the case may require. Boarding accommodations are such in variety and quality as to suit the public.”

Arkansas City has a beautiful and healthful site, and the society of the town is exceptionally refined and cultivated—as in evidence of this, we have not a single saloon, dram shop, or tippling house within ten miles of the city. As further evi­dence, we have three church edifices—two finished, and the third (the Methodist) now in course of construction, and it will be completed in a short time. It is of brick, 30 x 56 feet, with a tower 12 x 16.

Excerpt from long article...

Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.

                                                        ARKANSAS CITY.

                                       [From the Chicago Commercial Advertiser.]

From Wichita down the beautiful valley of the Arkansas, in the fairest of September days, is a drive to be long remembered; but the genuine pleasure of this valley ride came at

                                                        ARKANSAS CITY,

where I expected to find a rude hamlet of temporary dwellings and a motley group of border men. Miles away, I caught a glance at the stately and elegant schoolhouse, through a vista in the forest, and my visions of faro banks and keno dens; of dance houses, navies, and insolent, swagging ruffians vanished in an instant.

Arkansas City is on the border. The “Nation,” as it is commonly called, is only three miles away. These border towns are supposed to be the rendezvous for the cut-throats, thieves, and bandits who seek refuge in the Territory. At Wellington and Oxford I found quiet and order, and an absence of every type of ruffianism or even roughness. Here in Arkansas City is

                                                A MODEL SOCIAL ORDER.

The town has a population of 700, mostly from Iowa, Illinois, Ohio, Indiana, and the Eastern States. They have built tasteful, comfortable homes, fine churches, a splendid high school house, and the streets and lawns are as nicely laid and kept as in a New England village. The public schools are fostered by an educated sentiment and will compare well with the village schools of Ohio and Michigan. Social life is cordial, intelligent, and elevated in tone. Good men and noble women have laid, here, the basis for a rational and enjoyable life.

The high school is flourishing under the supervision of Prof. Bacon, a recent graduate of old Amherst. It is a happy commentary upon the enterprise, pride, and intelligence of a beautiful town.

Note: During this time era, I do not know whether teacher(s) or school(s) would be located in Sumner or Cowley County. MAW



Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.

We have one of the best schools here Salt City has ever had, under the charge of Miss Bella Nichols. We also have a spelling school on Thursday evening, which is very interesting. The house is crowded to overflowing, and is presided over by the teachers. A debating society has been organized, which is attracting considerable attention.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.

We have heard that the festival held at the Valley schoolhouse last Christmas afternoon, in behalf of Rev. Wingar, was one of more than usual interest. Sixteen varieties of cake were placed on the table, besides chicken, turkey, etc. The net receipts were $18.00.


Winfield Courier, January 4, 1877.

                                                              From Floral.

Old “Saint Nick” was out this way too. He left a Christmas tree at Floral. The house was crowded with young and old. Miss Wright, our teacher, was the mother of it. She got it up for the scholars. It was very nice and appropriate to the occasion. All present seemed to enjoy themselves, and all were sorry that Christmas didn’t come more than once a year.


Winfield Courier, January 4, 1877. Editorial Page.

                                                  Notes from Upper Grouse.

A singing school has been started at the Armstrong school­house. Dennis Newton, formerly a member of the editorial corps, has been visiting L. L. Newton. He seems greatly pleased with this part of Kansas, and especially with our “summer weather.”

Rev. Mr. Thompson, of Baltimore, holds semi-monthly services at the Armstrong schoolhouse.

At the Armstrong schoolhouse Santa Claus put in an appear­ance on the night of the 25th, and distributed gifts to the children and an excellent supper to old and young. A number of selections read and a few appropriate songs filled the programme.

The Lazette school, under the management of George Lee, is in a very prosperous condition, over eighty scholars having been enrolled this term.

A literary society has been organized at Baltimore, and its weekly meetings are lively. A similar society is forming at the Armstrong schoolhouse.


Winfield Courier, January 4, 1877.

                                                             From Bethel.

EDITOR OF COURIER: The citizens of Dist. No. 37 met at the schoolhouse to hear a report from the committee appointed to take subscriptions for building a bridge across Timber Creek. The report was highly satisfactory. A committee was then appointed to advertise for bids and let the contract, which committee consisted of Robert Weekly, H. L. Barker, G. W. Mentch, Peter Paugh, and the writer hereof. This enterprise illustrates the proverb, “Where there is a will, there is a way.”

Winfield Courier, January 4, 1877.           

                                             From “Salem”—Pleasant Valley.

DEAR EDITOR: On Christmas day Brane’s schoolhouse was decorated with a Christmas tree heavy laden with presents of various kinds, from a knitting needle to a red ear of corn. Programme for the evening:

1st. Song by the choir, “Merry Christmas.”

2nd. Prayer by the Rev. Jos. Mason.

3rd. Present­ing the reward books to the children who had committed the highest number of verses, one reward to each class.

4th. An address by the Rev. Jos. Mason, suited to the occasion.

5th. Santa Claus comes in and surpris­es the little folks, distributes the pres­ents, and ushers in a good time generally.

At the close of the exercises, the audience repaired to their homes quietly and of some refreshments did partake, and their little ones to sleep did shake; but since, we learn a chosen few did back into the schoolhouse go, to tip the light “fantastic toe.”



Arkansas City Traveler, January 10, 1877.

Our schoolhouse caught fire the 15th inst.

Lazette school in good condition, with an attendance of 75 scholars.

Winfield Courier, January 11, 1877.

The teacher at Limbocker schoolhouse had to give up the contract. Too many naughty boys.

Winfield Courier, January 11, 1877.

                                               To the Cowley County Teachers.

In the interests of teachers and the cause in which we are engaged, it becomes us to keep thoroughly informed regarding the theoretical and practical workings of our profession. To do this efficiently, satisfactorily, and to the best purpose, one and all engaged in the vocation of teaching should subscribe for and read one or more of the leading educational periodicals of the coun­try. There being no publication of this nature in our State, we are compelled to look elsewhere for such matter. To aid anyone who may desire to secure a journal or journals devoted wholly to the interests of our profession, I have secured greatly reduced rates from the leading educational organs of the country. I shall take great pleasure in furnishing any applicant with the list and terms. No true teacher can afford to neglect the opportunity for personal and professional improvement found in these journals, and found nowhere else.

                                                             R. C. STORY.

Winfield Courier, January 11, 1877.

                                                       Teachers’ Examination.

There will be an examination of teachers Saturday, the 3rd day of February next, at the schoolhouse. Applicants for exami­nation are requested to notify the examining board of their intention to appear, and to appear promptly by 9 o’clock a.m., on the 3rd, prox.

                                                     R. C. STORY, Co. Supt.

Winfield Courier, January 11, 1877.

An interesting debate upon the “Resolved, that a constitu­tional monarchy is preferable to a republican form of government for the people of the United States,” transpired at Aurora schoolhouse, in Vernon Township under the auspices of the Aurora Library Society, last Friday night. Rev. Wm. Martin for the affirmative and J. B. Evans, Esq.., for the negative were the leading debaters. Of course, the negative won. Elder Hopkins, P. M. Wait, and C. S. Smith, judges.

Winfield Courier, January 18, 1877.

DIED. January 12th, 1877, at 9 o’clock a.m., at the Central Hotel in Winfield, George Albert Baldwin, aged 16 years, of Pneumonia fever.

George Albert Baldwin was the youngest brother of our esteemed townsman, B. F. Baldwin. He came to Winfield Dec. 16, 1875. Since that time he has attended the Winfield school about nine months and became very well known by the young folks of our town.

By his circumspect deportment, kind manners, and gentle­ness of spirit, he has endeared himself to all who knew him. He was the comfort and pride of an affectionate brother, who now sadly mourns his death. Every attention that medical skill and loving hearts could render was administered to him during the fatal sickness. His affliction and death attracted more attention and elicited deeper sympathy than is usually bestowed upon persons of any age. Rev. Platter preached the funeral sermon at the Baptist Church to a crowded house of weeping, sympathizing friends. The remains were accompanied to their final resting place by the largest funeral escort that has moved out of Winfield to the solemn toll of bell for many a day.


Arkansas City Traveler, January 24, 1877.

                                                             County Road.

A petition signed by G. P. Wagner, and others, asking for a view and a survey for the purpose of locating a certain County road, commencing on the County road at or near the schoolhouse in school district No. 5, running thence some thirty three degrees west to the north line of the town site of Dexter, at Maple street, and that the present County road between the place of beginning above and the range line between ranges six and seven be discontinued, was presented and granted, and A. J. Bryan, John Maurer, and W. W. Underwood, appointed viewers, and the County survey will meet on the 6th day of March, A. D. 1877, at 10 o’clock, and proceed to view and survey said road.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 24, 1877.

Some person or persons drove off Mr. Huff’s team from the schoolhouse at Salt City Sunday evening, Jan. 14th, and at noon, Monday, he had no trace of them.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 24, 1877.

A little compulsory education would be beneficial to some children in this vicinity. It is an injustice to keep them away from school.

Arkansas City Traveler, January 24, 1877.

ELDER WILLIAMS was arrested for assault and battery for whipping one of his pupils in school, last week.

Winfield Courier, January 25, 1877.

The “School Basket,” is the name of the paper published by the children of the Intermediate department of our schools.

Winfield Courier, February 8, 1877.

MR. GEORGE LEE’s school at Lazette closed on the 2nd inst.

Winfield Courier, February 8, 1877.

                                                       Teachers Examination.

At the public examination held in this city on the 3rd inst., the following applicants presented themselves:

Misses Mattie Walters, Arvilla Elliot, Emma Roberts, Ella Freeland, Mattie Minnihan, Mollie Davis, Gertrude Davis, Sarah E. Davis, Arnie Lipscomb, Sallie E. Rea, Ella Underwood, Jennie Evans, Albertine Maxwell, Ida Grimes.

Mrs. Ida E. Brown, Mrs. S. A. Ledlie.

Mr. Will Lipscomb, Mr. William T. York, Mr. W. L. Burton, Mr. B. F. Maricle, Mr. P. W. Smith, and Mrs. Chas. H. Huff.

The qualifications of two of the applicants above mentioned entitled them to first grade; of fourteen, to second grade certificates, while six failed to sustain satisfactory examina­tion upon the questions given.

An examination will be held the latter part of March.

           R. C. STORY, GEO. W. ROBINSON, F. S. JENNINGS. Board of Examiners.


Give the requisites of a good reader.

How many kinds of inflections are there? Define each.

What is accent, articulation, and modulation?

Give the synopsis of the verb sit, in the third person, singular number, potential, and subjunctive modes.

Define Gender, Person, Number, and Case.

Give five rules for the use of capitals.

Define Analysis and Synthesis.

Name and define nine different classes of the water


Give names of the political divisions of South America, and draw a dash under those bordering upon the Caribbean sea.

In what direction, and into what waters do the rivers Po, Danube, Dnieper, Volga, Lens, Yang tse Kiang, and Amoor flow?

Locate the following mountains: Ural, Caucasus, Himalaya, Altai, Andes, and Rocky.

At what date did the Revolutionary war begin, and with what battle was it opened?

In what Territory was the battle of Tippecanoe fought, and who commanded the U. S. Troops?

Upon what ground was an attempt made to impeach Andrew Johnson?

What is compound interest, and how does it differ from simple interest?

What is the difference between the bank discount and the true discount of $763, due in 108 days, discount 8 percent?

Winfield Courier, February 8, 1877.

MISS KATE FITZGERALD is teaching a second term in district 78. A lyceum is enthusiastically supported in this district, meeting every Thursday evening at the schoolhouse.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 14, 1877.

BLACKBOARD and lights (the want of) is what’s bothering the Bolton singing school.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 14, 1877.

There will be a dance at the Bland schoolhouse on Thursday, February 22nd. All are invited.


Winfield Courier, February 15, 1877. Editorial Page.

                                                               From Rock.

                                              ROCK, KANSAS, FEB. 7, 1877.

A flourishing literary society meets each Saturday evening at the Star schoolhouse, where M. M. Martindale presides with his accustomed dignity and the “Hotspur” of Maple, Capt. H. H. Siverd, with his usual ardor and vehemence, plunges into the stormy sea of wordy debate, while to fill up the exercises ever and anon arise strains of music and enlivening song. Oh, glori­ous privilege! to be an American citizen and belong to a debating club.


Winfield Courier, February 15, 1877.

An interesting series of debates is in progress in Vernon Township. Last night the talent of the Aurora society was pitted against that of the Werden schoolhouse, but we have not yet learned the result. The editor of the COURIER was named as one of the judges, but owing to the condition of the weather, roads, and a severe cold, by which he was afflicted, he was compelled to deny himself the pleasure of responding to the compliment.

Winfield Courier, February 15, 1877.

The Clark & Williams distribution sale takes place on Feb. 22nd, commencing at 10 a.m., at the schoolhouse on the S. A. Williams’ farm, which is one of the prize farms. Somebody will get two good farms and other valuable property. The ticket holders are expected to be present. Those wishing to purchase tickets only have one more week in which to do so.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The dance at Bland’s schoolhouse is to be on Friday, the 23rd, instead of the 22nd, as announced last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

The Literary Society that has met at Hartsock’s schoolhouse for some time will meet hereafter at Parker’s. A meeting will be held tomorrow evening, when the usual dialogues, declamations, and the reading of the paper, will be performed.

Winfield Courier, February 22, 1877.

                                                            Church Festival.

The M. E. Church society, of Little Dutch neighborhood, will hold a festival at the schoolhouse on March 1st at 7 p.m., the proceeds to be used for the benefit of the pastor in charge, Rev. P. Lahr. All are invited to attend.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

There were two funerals last Monday at Parker’s schoolhouse. Isaac Stanbury died on the 25th inst.; born July 13, 1805, in Green County, Tennessee; removed to McLean County, Illinois, in 1836; was connected and united with the M. E. Church in 1839, of which he has been an honored member ever since. Deceased has recently moved to this place from Illinois with his family, was much loved by them and all who knew him, and leaves many to mourn his loss.

Also, on the same day, Malissa, daughter of Wm. and Sarah Beeson, aged 21 years. She was a member of the M. E. Church, and lived and died in full faith and trust in her Redeemer, express­ing a desire to depart and be with Christ. Funeral services conducted by Rev. J. J. Wingar, pastor M. E. Church.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

THE LOTTERY DRAWING OF CLARK AND WILLIAMS took place at Williams’ schoolhouse last Thursday, before a number of people. As but one-tenth of the tickets were sold, very little of the property advertised was put in, the largest prize being a team and buggy, drawn by some party living in Winfield. The other prizes were of minor importance, such as lead pencils, beer, etc.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

ON THE 17TH DAY OF MARCH, 1877, at 4 o’clock p.m., at Parker’s schoolhouse, there will be a meeting of the members of the Prairie View Cemetery to prepare means for fencing the grounds, and such other business as may come before the house. All who are interested are requested to attend. G. H. SHEARER, Sec’y.

Feb. 26th, 1877.



Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

The M. E. Church held a festival at the Centennial school house, which was a financial success, the net proceeds amounting to $42.00. The money was immediately handed to Rev. Jones, preacher in charge. A cake was voted to one of our handsomest young ladies.

The Lyceum at the Star Valley school house meets weekly to discuss questions of political and social economy. The first was, Resolved, That every young man should acquire property to the amount of $1,000, before taking unto himself a wife, and was decided in the affirmative. The second, Resolved, That Cowley county vote bonds to aid in the construction of a railroad through the county, was negative. Capt. Siverd and Mr. Lane were the chief disputants. Tough, isn’t it? We do pity you Arkansas City chaps, but as we are 25 miles nearer the kingdom, we will try to stand it. RED BUD.

February 19, 1877.

Winfield Courier, March 1, 1877.

                                                             School Report.

The school in district No. 77 opened on the 6th day of November last by Mr. Wm. Holloway, who conducted the school with credit to himself and also to the school.

On the first day the number of scholars enrolled were sixteen; on the 3rd day of December. The school was enlarged by the enrollment of seven new scholars, January 2nd by five more, and on the first day of February by three more, making a total enrollment of thirty-one. Reading, writing, spelling, mental and practical arithmetic, U. S. history, geography, grammar, algebra, physiology, and book-keeping were the studies pursued. Among the scholars deserving special mention are Philo. Clark, who improved more rapidly than any other; Justin Porter stood first in scholarship, Jodie Porter first in spelling, only missing three words during the term of four months, and Rolla Ray has the credit of best behavior. Prizes, consisting of books, were given each of these, by teacher, as a token of reward. During the term visits were received from R. C. Story, A. Ray, D. S. Brown, S. S. Holloway, and J. F. Holloway. Should parents and guardians show an interest by visiting the schools, it would greatly encourage both teacher and pupils and insure a better school. The school closed on the 23rd ult. A VISITOR.

Winfield Courier, March 1, 1877.

Will H. Holloway’s school district 77, closed on the 23rd ult. Will has taught a good school for his district, and his patrons seem satisfied with the same.

Winfield Courier, March 1, 1877.

The office of county Superintendent will be open every Saturday, Room No. 6, in the Courthouse. R. C. STORY, Co. Supt.

Winfield Courier, March 1, 1877.

                                                       Teachers Examination.

There will be an examination of teachers in the Winfield high school building, on the 24th of March, beginning at 9 o’clock a.m. Applicants will please report promptly at that time and place. R. C. STORY, Co. Supt.

Winfield Courier, March 1, 1877.

The members of the “Grasshopper” base ball club are looking cross-eyed down their nose now. Last Saturday was the last day of Mr. Record’s school at the Valley View schoolhouse when a last-day-of-school picnic was given, and the Winfield base ball club was challenged to meet the Grasshoppers there and play a match game. As yet Winfield has no organized club, so a picked nine went to the base ball grounds designated, when a lively game ensued. Five innings were played when it became dark and the game was called, the score summing up as follows: Winfield nine, 14 runs; Grasshoppers, 8 runs. A large crowd of spectators were present to witness the game, and quite an interest was manifested.

Winfield Courier, March 1, 1877.

                                            Closing Exercises of Easterly School.

The winter term of the Easterly School closed on the 21st, with an evening entertainment. Mr. J. S. Baker has taught nine months in all, in this district, and the closing exercises on the 21st showed his skill and management as a teacher. Declamations, speeches, singing, which was good, and blackboard exercises were conducted by the scholars, and much interest was manifested by the large crowd of visitors present. Mr. Baker had a class of young pupils go through the multiplication table by singing, and all without a mistake. The exercises closed with a spelling match, in which Julia King, twelve years old, and Webster John­son, thirteen years old, were the victors. Mr. Baker has taught a good school, and the district seems determined to recognize him for future services. February 23, 1877.

Winfield Courier, March 1, 1877.

                                                                 The Ball.

The ball given at the Courthouse on last Thursday evening, by the Evening Star Club, was certainly the grandest affair of the kind ever given in Winfield. The hall presented a magnifi­cent appearance, being decorated with evergreens and the stars and stripes. The ball opened with the Evening Star Club promenade, which was grand. Among the “Belles of the Ball,” some very elaborate costumes were represented, but as our reporter has never learned the distinction between black alpaca and gros grain at $5.00 per yard, he deems it best to omit the usual descrip­tions of the costumes.

Among the happy throng of dancers we noticed Mc. D. Stapleton and lady, George Lee and Miss Mary A. Wooden, and David A. Dale and Miss Flora Ramage, of Lazette. The music by the Winfield string band was the best furnished any party for some time. The party was well attended and everyone present seemed to enjoy themselves. The programme was finished at 1:30 a.m., and everybody is getting ready for the next one.

Winfield Courier, March 1, 1877.


EDITOR COURIER: I have noticed in your paper for a long time what purposed to be the statistics of Cowley County, pro­fessedly for information of strangers desiring a location. Among other matters you profess to give the religious organizations of the county, naming Presbyterian, Congregational, Baptist, Method­ist, and Catholic, while you have not ever alluded to one of the largest bodies in the county. I refer to the Church of Christ. Supposing someone better qualified would inform you upon this subject, I have waited until now, and have concluded to give you the best information I can obtain. There are ten organizations in the county, located and named as follows: Winfield, Floral, Rose Valley, Cooper, Vernon, Antioch, Baltimore, Lazette, Dexter, and Spring Hill, numbering in the aggregate 500, while there is also a large membership not as yet organized, amounting to some 300, in all to 800. We have at present but 8 resident preachers: Wm. Martin, J. J. Goodwill, J. H. Irvin, H. D. Gans, Wm. Marcus, Dr. John Snyder, John Blevins, and Joshua Jones.

                                          Yours Respectfully, JOSHUA JONES.

Winfield Courier, March 1, 1877.

The office of county Superintendent will be open every Saturday, Room No. 6, in the Courthouse. R. C. STORY, Co. Supt.

Winfield Courier, March 1, 1877.

There will be an examination of teachers in the Winfield high school building, on the 24th of March, beginning at 9 o’clock a.m. Applicants will please report promptly at that time and place. R. C. STORY, Co. Supt.

Winfield Courier, March 1, 1877.

                                                            Church Festival.

The M. E. Church society, of Little Dutch neighborhood, will hold a festival at the schoolhouse on March 1st at 7 p.m., the proceeds to be used for the benefit of the pastor in charge, Rev. P. Lahr. All are invited to attend.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877.

The schoolhouse seems to be an inducement for the increase in population on the north side.



Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877. Front Page.

                               PLEASANT VALLEY, KANS., February 26, 1877.

School District No. 10 has a base ball club. They have penalties attached to all swear talk, improper words, and to wallowing on Ed. Chapin’s hay stacks. They have just ordered a McNeale & Urban safe for the use of the treasurer. They also have a Lyceum, and will discuss female suffrage next Friday night at the Holland schoolhouse; after that they will correct matters at Washington, etc. OLD GROWLER.

Winfield Courier, March 8, 1877.

Report of the Dexter school for the first quarter just ended, March 1st, 1877.

Total number enrolled: 76. Males: 37. Females: 39.

Average daily attendance: 42.8. Males: 18. Females: 24.8.

Total number studying—Orthography: 76. Reading: 68. Arithmetic: 40. Grammar: 27.

Geography: 30. History: 7. Botany: 10. Penmanship: 38.

Total number exercising daily in vocal music: 35.

                                                       T. H. ALEY, Teacher.


Winfield Courier, March 8, 1877. Editorial Page.

                                                              From Dexter.

Dexter claims to have one of the finest schools in the county this winter; it being taught by a Mr. Ealy from Cedarvale.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

REVIVAL. Revs. Taylor, a Baptist, Broadbent of the Chris­tian Church, and McCue of the United Brethren have been holding a series of meetings for three weeks at the Theaker schoolhouse, with good success—fifteen having embraced the faith.

Winfield Courier, March 15, 1877.

Miss Ella Freeland’s young friends gave her a surprise party last Saturday evening. She goes to Sedgwick County to teach school.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 21, 1877.

                                                     NO SCHOOL FUNDS.

From R. C. Story, our efficient County Superintendent of Public Instruction, we learn that the appor­tionment of State Funds for Cowley County for this month is $2,685.75, or 73 cents per head for every child of school age reported in the county. Thirty-two districts made no report for the year ending July 31, 1876, and of course get no State fund.

Winfield Courier, March 22, 1877.

The March apportionment of the State fund brings to the schools of this county $2,655.75. This gives 73 cents per scholar for every district in which a twelve weeks free school was taught last year. The failure of over thirty districts to make their annual reports last August virtually cheats the country out of hundreds of dollars.


Winfield Courier, March 22, 1877.

                                                        From Pleasant Valley.

Our 5 month school ended March 8th at the Odessa school­house. It has been taught by Miss M. L. Ela. She has the thanks of the board of directors for her good attention and the advance­ment of her scholars. We have some scholars that in map drawing and blackboard exercises are hard to beat.

Winfield Courier, March 22, 1877.

                                                       Teachers Examination.

There will be an examination of teachers in the Winfield high school building on the 23rd and 24th of March, at 10 o’clock, a.m. Applicants will please report promptly at that time and place. R. C. STORY, Co. Supt.



Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

A number of newcomers have taken claims and made their residences among us. Mr. A. T. Hackett is our school teacher, and has given satisfaction. School closes in one week.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

W. T. YORK began his first school, at Pleasant Grove schoolhouse, on Grouse Creek, March 19th.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

The scholars of District No. 33, two miles east of Parker’s schoolhouse, will give an exhibition on Wednesday evening, March 28, 1877.

Participants: Risdon Gilstrap, Emma Gilstrap, Frank Lewis, Lizzie West, Anna Hyde, J. O. Wilkinson, Mary Shoemaker, Frankie Hyde, Erastus West, Fred Lewis.

The whole to be sandwiched with tableaux, charades, etc. The best of music has been engaged for the occasion, led by Prof. E. J. Hoyt, long known as the best musician in Kansas. A small fee of 20 cents will be charged to pay contingent expenses.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

A new house is being erected east of E. D. Eddy’s, and the stone for the foundation of one, northeast of the schoolhouse.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

The city schools closed last Friday for a week’s vacation. The attendance during the term was good, notwithstanding the prevalence of sickness. Miss Lizzie Ela will take charge of the Intermediate department for the summer term.



Arkansas City Traveler, March 28, 1877.

                                                  BOLTON, March 22, 1877.

Revs. Kerr, McCune, Taylor, and McCue, assisted by Revs. Broadbent and Herbert, have been holding a protracted meeting in the Theaker schoolhouse during the last four weeks. There were over twenty converts.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

A tenant house belonging to Rev. D. Thompson, near the Parker schoolhouse, with forty bushels of corn belonging to his tenant, W. H. Sims, was burned on the night of the 26th, through the recklessness of some persons who set fire to the grass near said dwelling.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

The following teachers received certificates at the examina­tion at Winfield, Friday and Saturday, March 23rd and 24th.

Misses Emma Burden, Sallie Leavering, Sarah E. Davis, Jennie Hane, Ioa Roberts, Arvilla Elliott, Mattie Minnihan, Alice Pyburn, Mary Lynn Emma Saint, Mary Tucker, Effie Randall, Dora Winslow; Mrs. M. S. Tucker, Mrs. A. R. Houser, Mrs. Adelia Baird; and Mr. S. J. Hockett.

Sixteen received certificates. Whole number of applicants thirty-seven. The first three received first grades. Many who failed have been teaching in the county two and three years.


Winfield Courier, April 5, 1877. Editorial Page.

                                                        Grouse Valley News.

A Sunday school has been organized at the Armstrong schoolhouse.

Mrs. Tucker’s school closes on the 7th inst.

Some of our young teachers are thinking of going to Emporia to help support the Normal as our legislature gave it the cold shoulder.

Winfield Courier, April 5, 1877.

Prof. H. M. Bacon, of Arkansas City, visited our town last week. Mr. Bacon is one of our live teachers and should be retained in our county.

Winfield Courier, April 5, 1877.

The following persons were made legal teachers by the Board of Examiners for Cowley County, on Monday, March 26th, 1877. Those receiving first grade certificates had an average of at least 85 percent, and those receiving second grade certificates, an average standing of at least 70 percent, as shown by their papers upon the questions for examination, submitted the 23rd and 24th of March.

First Grade: Misses Emma Burden, Sarah E. Davis, and Sallie Leavering.

Second Grade: Misses Jennie Hane, Arvilla Elliott, Mary Lynn, Alice Pyburn, Effie Randall, Ioa Roberts, Mattie Minnihan, Mary Tucker, Dora Winslow, Kate Fitzgerald, M. E. Saint, Mrs. M. L. Tucker, Adelia Baird, A. R. Houser, and Mr. S. J. Hockett. Thirty-six applications were made for certificates with the result as indicated above.

Winfield Courier, April 12, 1877.

Miss Emily Roberts will teach the school in the district south of Winfield, known as the Hickok district.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

A meeting was held at Mercer’s schoolhouse Monday evening, at which it was decided every man should take care of his own grasshoppers.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 18, 1877.

A meeting of the Union Stock Protective Association will be held at Bland’s schoolhouse next Saturday evening, at 7 o’clock, April 21st. All members are requested to be present. By order of R. HOFFMASTER, Captain.

Winfield Courier, April 19, 1877. Editorial Page.

                                                         A CORRECTION.

At the Vernon Township meeting held at Werdens schoolhouse last Saturday the editor of this paper, in reply to an inquiry made by an Arkansas City north and south road champion, stated that an east and west road in Cowley County terminating at Winfield would accommodate more people within ten miles of it in the county than a north and south road traversing the Walnut Valley. A dozen citizens of Arkansas City were present and scoffed at the answer; one of the number stating that a north and south road would be within ten miles of four fifths of the people of the county. The COURIER editor stated what he then believed to be true and what he still believes to be true. But by an examination of the county population statistics, it appears that 240 more persons resided within ten miles of a north and south road line than within the east and west road line. An examination of the returns thus far made this year by the assessors shows a greater increase in population (and hence we may presume a greater increase in crop growing) since 1876 in the townships east of Winfield than in the extreme townships either north or south of Winfield.

This increase arises from the reason that the valley townships were first closely settled up. The proportion of this increase is such as to justify the conclusion that the statement made is correct although not susceptible of proof at present.

But it is not true that either proposed line will be within ten miles of four fifths of the people of the county.

Winfield Courier, April 19, 1877.

A railroad bond meeting will be held at Fitzgerald schoolhouse in Silver creek Township on Friday evening April 27th. Don’t forget the date. David Thomas and other speakers will be present.

Winfield Courier, April 19, 1877.

Frank Lorry, of Bolton, said publicly in the Werden schoolhouse, in Vernon Township, Saturday, that “we are going to sink Winfield.” Frank lives in Bolton Township, but cannot speak for everybody down there.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

                                             Accidental Drowning at Winfield.

                                              [From our special correspondent.]

On Saturday morning, April 21st, while attempting to cross the Walnut River at what is known as Tunnel Mill Ford, south of Winfield, Miss Belle Wren was drowned. The facts as disclosed at the coroner’s inquest are as follows.

Miss Wren, in company with John Boylan (a cousin), started to see about a school south of Arkansas City. When they came to the ford, the river was swollen by recent rains above, and it is supposed there was about seven or eight feet of water in the ford. The gentleman objected to driving in, but she insisted, saying she had crossed there the day before and there was no danger. Driving in, before they had gone 15 feet from the shore, the horses began to swim, and undoubtedly would have succeeded in crossing; but under excitement, they tried to turn around and make for the shore they had left. The buggy upset in turning, and threw both parties into the river.

He caught some willows with one hand, the bit of one of the horses with the other, and tried to turn them to the shore, but the current proved to be stronger than he, and he had to release his hold, and was able to reach the shore in safety. In the meantime she caught on the harness of one of the horses and was carried downstream, crying for help, until about 75 yards above the Tunnel Mill, when she and the horses, buggy and all, disap­peared and were not seen anymore. Mr. Stump, the miller hearing her cries, started to help, and just as he got outside of the mill, he saw her disap­pear. Mr. Stump arrived in time to prevent Mr. Boylan from springing in to help her.

The alarm was raised, and the people instantly commenced searching for the body, which was kept up until 4:30 p.m. when the body was found opposite the mill some 75 or 100 yards below where she disappeared, having lain in the water some nine or ten hours. The body was removed to town, and the coroner summoned a jury, whose verdict was that the deceased came to her death by accidental drowning. Her brother-in-law, Mr. Crane, then took charge of the body. No blame is attached to Mr. Boylan, and he deserves praise for his manly efforts in trying to save the lady. The horses were found the next morning near the same place in a drift of logs and brush. The team belonged to Mr. Wm. Robinson, a livery man of this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

School began in Theaker’s schoolhouse Monday. Mrs. Houser is teaching.



Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

The residents of school District No. 72, have hedged in their Centennial schoolhouse and planted the lot with shade trees.

Preaching at the Centennial schoolhouse each alternate Sabbath by the Rev. Jones, pastor of M. E. Church.


Winfield Courier, May 3, 1877.

                                                             From Richland.

                                              FLORAL, KAN., April 24, 1877.

School commenced Monday in the new district, No. 108, Miss Pontius, teacher.


Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

The following parties received certificates at the examina­tion held in Winfield on the fourth and fifth instant.

First Grade: Miss Lena Bartlett, Miss M. E. Saint, Winfield; Mr. W. E. Ketcham, Maple City.

Second Grade: Anna O. Wright, Carrie Dixon, Georgia Chris­tian, Stella Burnett, Arkansas City; Sarah Hollingsworth, Polo; Lucy Bedell, Lazette; Mary Pontius, Winfield; Veva Walton, Oxford; Adelia Eagin, Rock.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

                                                      DEXTER, April 27th.

BIRTH. Born to Mr. and Mrs. Merydith, Friday, April 20th, a ten pound daughter. The grasshoppers are sick, and are about to take a relapse on account of the cold rains. A railroad meeting was held at the schoolhouse on the 20th, to cuss and discuss railway matters in general. HUGO S.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

The applications for the next term of the public school at this place, beginning in September, will be acted on by the Board soon, and the award made. Prof. Bacon and Edwin Thompson have applied, up to this date.

Winfield Courier, May 10, 1877.

                                                    RAILROAD MEETINGS.

There will be public meetings held at 7 o’clock p.m. of the following days at the places named for the purpose of discussing the question of voting aid to the Memphis, Parsons & Ellsworth, Western Branch Railroad. Speakers will be in attendance. Full meetings are expected.

[Listing townships/schoolhouses only. Dates shown start with May 14, 1877, and end with May 21, 1877. MAW]

ROCK: Rock, Darien, L. Dutch, and Green Valley schoolhouses.

RICHLAND: Floral, Groom, and Bellmyre schoolhouses.

OMNIA: Baltimore schoolhouse.

HARVEY: Armstrong schoolhouse.

MAPLE: Star Valley, Walck’s, and Centennial schoolhouses.

WINDSOR: Elliott’s schoolhouse.

SILVER CREEK: Fitzgerald and Jarvis schoolhouses.

BEAVER: Thomasville and Morris schoolhouses.

BOLTON: Theaker, Bland’s, and Salt City schoolhouses.

VERNON: Werden and Olmstead schoolhouses.

NENNESCAH: Nennescah and Blue schoolhouses.

SHERIDAN: Sheridan and Shriver schoolhouses.

TISDALE: New Salem, Tisdale, and Chase schoolhouses.

LIBERTY: Rose Valley schoolhouse.

SILVERDALE: Park, Coburn, and Liman’s Mill schoolhouses.

SPRING CREEK: Maple City. [Schoolhouse not mentioned.]

DEXTER: Dexter. [Schoolhouse not mentioned.]

CEDAR: Patten schoolhouse.

OTTER: Sartin and Cedar schoolhouses.

PLEASANT VALLEY: South Bend, Brane, and Holland schoolhouses.

CRESWELL: Arkansas City. [Schoolhouse not mentioned.]

Winfield Courier, May 10, 1877.

Miss Mate Minnihan is teaching school about four miles southeast of Lazette.

Winfield Courier, May 10, 1877.

Rev. Joel Thomas will speak at Floral schoolhouse tomorrow (Friday) evening in favor of the east and west railroad proposition.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 16, 1877.

                                              R. R. MEETING IN BOLTON.

Meetings will be held at Bland’s schoolhouse next Wednesday evening, and at Theaker’s schoolhouse Friday, May 25th, to engage in free discussion over the railway interests of Bolton Township.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

COWLEY COUNTY has a half dozen “Centennial” schoolhouses.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

The meeting announced by Winfield parties at Worden’s schoolhouse in Vernon Township, Saturday evening, did not take place.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

JAMES KELLY and MR. BUCKMAN, of Winfield, called on us last week. They came down to talk to the people of Bolton Township on the Parsons railway, and spoke at Theaker’s schoolhouse Thursday evening. They abandoned the meeting at Bland’s on Friday evening on account of the rain.

Winfield Courier, May 24, 1877.

The Winfield schools will close in two weeks.

Winfield Courier, May 24, 1877.

The lightning killed a mule belonging to Mr. Slemmons, at the Vernon schoolhouse Saturday night. Messrs. Millington, Jennings, Kelly, Seward, and railroad speakers from Arkansas City and Emporia were there. Its kind of funny that the lightning selected that mule.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 6, 1877.

The officers of School District No. 2 (Arkansas City), met at Mitchell’s office, May 30th, and accepted the application of Mr. Edwin Thompson, as principal of the school for the ensuing year, commencing September 1st, 1877, at $80 per month, for ten months school. Miss Ela remains as Assistant.

Winfield Courier, June 7, 1877.

City schools close tomorrow.

Winfield Courier, June 7, 1877.

DIED. Last Sunday night Mr. William Crabb, living about five miles southeast of this city, was struck by lightning. He was not found until the next morning, when the sad affair was immediately made known. He had been to church at the Brane schoolhouse and after returning home took his horse to the pasture, about a quarter of a mile from the house, and while returning to his house was struck in the head, killing him instantly. The bolt tore his hat in three places, ran down his body, passing through the case of his silver watch, tearing his shirt, vest, pants, and bursting both boots. Mr. Crabb was a young man well known and having many warm friends in our community who mourn this sad affair.



Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

Mr. Southard is doing a lively business in general merchan­dise. Mr. Ketcham is teaching an interesting school in “Pinch Nickel” district, No. 58. More anon. OBSERVER.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

The Winfield public schools closed last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

DECEIVED. While we were enjoying a pleasant chat with Mr. Hoyt, at half past twelve one school day, three small boys came loitering along in front of the drug store, leisurely wending their way to school. By chance one glanced at the dumb clock in the window, when he exclaimed: “Good gracious! Seven minutes to two!” and the next minute the linen coat tail of the slowest was whipping around the corner of Hartsock’s. When they arrived at the schoolhouse and found no one there, they could not account for it, and now denounce Perry Woodard in strong terms for causing such unusual exertion.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 13, 1877.

There will be a meeting of Bolton Township at Bland’s schoolhouse, on Saturday evening, June 16th, for the purpose of making arrangements for a grand celebration on July 4th. All are invited.

Winfield Courier, June 14, 1877.

                                                        The Closing Exercises

Of the Winfield public schools came off Friday afternoon of last week under the direction of Geo. W. Robinson, principal. The four schools united in giving an entertainment in the Courthouse hall. These exercises consisted of songs, declamations, essays, dialogues, and a paper. Jay Bryan, in a well delivered declamation, told us why a dog’s nose is always cold, and Samuel Aldrich rendered the “Wedding of Whitinsville” quite well. Three little girls, Ada Rushbridge, Minnie Andrews, and Nellie Plank gave a dialogue teaching the true source of pleasure, and Minnie Quarles and Anna Hunt illustrated the difference between the “good old times” and the present degenerate age. Frank Robinson came to the rescue of the much-abused grandmothers, while George Black advised us to “smile” whenever we can. Berkey Bartlett gave a good rendition of “The Sculptor Boy,” and Johnny Howland told us how well we look “sitting around.”

The essays by Misses Robertson, Nawman, and Winslow, were well read, and showed that this important branch of education has not been neglected by our teachers.

Lady Clare, by Miss Lizzie Kinne; Maud Muller, by Miss Laura McMillen; and The Ballad Carnilhan, by Miss Eugene Holmes, were recitations of some length and much merit.

The opening song was a good selection, and was well rendered. The quartette, Beautiful Rain, sung by Misses Jennie Hane, Lutie Newman, Eugene Holmes, and Jennie Lowry, was finely executed and highly appreciated by the audience.

The exercises altogether were quite pleasant, and scholars and teachers deserve praise for the labors which ended in this afternoon entertainment.

Winfield Courier, June 14, 1877.

                                                       School Bonds Wanted.

The Commissioners for the management of the State Permanent School Fund are paying PAR for good Kansas School Bonds. The necessary blanks are furnished free for all bonds that they purchase.

Districts that propose to issue bonds should follow the law strictly.

All correspondence with reference to school district bonds should be addressed to

                                                      ALLEN B. LEMMON,

                              Secretary Board of Permanent School Fund Committee.

Topeka, Kansas, May 25th, 1877.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

SCHOOL CLOSES. The present term of school will close on Friday the 22nd inst.

Winfield Courier, June 21, 1877.

Bethel schoolhouse, about four miles north of the city, has been supplied with lightning rods.

Winfield Courier, June 21, 1877.

The concert reading by Miss Saint’s fourth reader class at the closing exercises of the Winfield schools was considered by far the best exercise of the afternoon, by audience. Owing to our carelessness we did not mention it in the notice which was given last week.

Winfield Courier, June 21, 1877.

                                                       4th of July Celebration.

                                              LAZETTE, KAN., June 18, 1877.

EDITOR COURIER: Dear Sir: Through your paper we wish to announce to the public a grand Sunday school picnic and 4th of July celebration, in Mr. G. W. Gardenhire’s grove, 1½ miles south of Lazette, on the 4th day of July, 1877. All Sunday schools are invited. All are invited to come with their baskets well filled with grub. An oration will be delivered by one of Winfield’s celebrated 4th of July speakers, followed by Dr. Snyder and others. S. M. Fall, Marshal of the day and reader of the declaration of Independence. Dr. Lear, with the Lazette singing school, will furnish vocal and instrumental music. Come, everybody, and come early, by order of committee. Yours, etc. C. H. JONES.

Arkansas City Traveler, June 27, 1877.

The committee appointed to arrange for some kind of an entertainment on the Fourth, after consulting with the friends of the different schools, have decided to join with the good people of Bolton in a general celebration. The place of meeting, in Capt. Smith’s grove, just west of the Arkansas. The facilities for crossing the river afforded by the new ferry, just west of the city, have removed all objections to going to the west side, and for this reason the committee unanimously recommend that we avail ourselves of this opportunity of meeting our friends in Bolton. By order of committee.

Winfield Courier, June 28, 1877.

The State School Fund Commissioners at Topeka pay par for school bonds.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

The citizens of Bolton are requested to meet at the Turner schoolhouse on Saturday next, 7th inst., at 3 o’clock sharp, to take some action in regard to repairing the bridge across the Arkansas. Let there be a full turn-out. T.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

A 300 pound bell was ordered for the schoolhouse yesterday, to cost $125. It will be here in about a month.

Winfield Courier, July 12, 1877.

                                                   School Officers - Attention.

The annual school meeting will be held upon the 9th of August, at 2 o’clock p.m. A director should then be elected for a term of three years, and vacancies in other offices should be filled for the unexpired part of the term of three years.

Clerks should post notices of this meeting at least ten days previously thereto and in three or more public places.

Officers elected at this meeting should qualify within twenty days thereafter.

Clerks should make complete records of each and every meeting held in their respective districts. Their annual report for the year ending July 31, should be complete in every particular, and should be presented to the school meeting for correction and approval, and then sent at once to this office.

The Clerk should make a complete list of tax-payers in his district, and send the same to the county clerk on or before August 25.

He should report to the county clerk at once the amount of tax levied at the annual meeting. A failure in making this report renders the Clerk liable to a fine of fifty dollars.

He should report to this office the name and addresses of all newly elected officers. He should promptly report also the beginning of every school term.

In no case should district boards contract with parties not holding certificates, and when contracting the board should carefully examine the certificate of the applicant.

Every school district in Cowley County should hold its annual meeting and make its annual report. Our county loses hundreds of dollars annually by failures in this particular. Full supplies of blanks, copies of school laws and district records, are in this office, and district officers should call for them in time for the annual meeting.

The law authorizes school boards to make uniform the books issued in their respective districts, and uniformity should be insisted upon by every board in the county. Only thus can our schools be thoroughly organized. Districts which have tried the plan of buying their text books are fully satisfied with the gain in every particular.

District boards which have no records are authorized by law to get them, and no district should be without them. R. C. STORY, Co. Supt.

Winfield Courier, July 12, 1877.

Miss Mattie Minnihan’s school, four miles east of Lazette, closed one week ago last Friday. She came over home last Saturday.

Winfield Courier, July 12, 1877.

A grand Sunday School picnic will be held at the Brane schoolhouse in Pleasant Valley on Saturday, July 21st. The assembly will organize at 10 a.m. Nine Sunday schools have been invited. Rev. Rushbridge will be among the speakers.


Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877. Front Page.

                                            School District Officers Attention.

The annual school meeting will be held on the 9th of August, at 2 o’clock p.m. At this meeting a director should be elected for a term of three years, and vacancies in other offices should be filled for the unexpired part of the term.

Clerks should post notices of this meeting at least ten days previously thereto, and in three or more public places.

Officers elected at this time should qualify within twenty days thereafter.

District clerks should make complete records of each and every meeting held in their respective districts.

The clerk’s annual report of the year ending July 31st, should be complete in every particular, and presented to the meeting for necessary correction, and then sent at once to his office. He should make a complete list of the taxpayers of his district, and send the same to the County Clerk on or before August 25th. He should report to the County Clerk at once the amount of tax levied at the annual meeting. Any failure in making this report renders the clerk liable to a fine of fifty dollars. The District Clerk should report to this office the names and post office addresses of all newly elected officers. He should promptly report, also, the beginning of every school term.

In no case should school boards contract with parties not holding certificates, and when contracting, the board should carefully examine the certificate of the applicant.

Every school district in Cowley County should hold its annual meeting, and make its annual report. Our county loses every year hundreds of dollars by failures in this matter.

Full supplies of blanks, copies of school laws, and district records are in my office, and district officers should call for them in time for the annual meeting.

School boards are authorized by law to make uniform the text books used in their respective schools, and this should be insisted on by every school board in the county. Districts which have tried the plan of buying their own books are fully satisfied with the gain in every respect.

District boards which have no district records are autho­rized by law to get such records, and no district should be without them. R. C. STORY, County Superintendent.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 18, 1877.

ELDER H. D. GANS, of Winfield, will preach at the Theaker schoolhouse Saturday night, July 21st; also the following Sunday at 11 o’clock a.m. J. J. BROADBENT.

Winfield Courier, July 19, 1877.

Winfield pays higher salaries to its school teachers than does the city of Atchison.

Winfield Courier, July 19, 1877.

Mr. G. H. Buckman has been engaged to give instructions in vocal music. The tuition fee for the entire course is only one dollar.

Winfield Courier, July 19, 1877.

Addresses, upon topics of special and general interest, will be given by Rev. Rushbridge, Fleming, Platter, Wingar, and by D. A. Millington on the 13th of August. Doctor C. E. Pomeroy, President of the Emporia Normal School, will address the teachers and citizens. An examination of teachers on the 30th and 31st will close the labors of the Normal.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

The quarterly meeting of the M. E. Church will be held at Holland’s schoolhouse Saturday and Sunday, August 11th and 12th. Preaching Friday evening and Saturday at 11 o’clock in the morning and early candle light in the evening. Also on Sunday. Presiding Elder, Rev. A. H. Walter will be present.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 25, 1877.

REV. SWARTS will preach at the M. E. hall, over Berry Brothers’ store, next Sabbath morning, and at the Centennial schoolhouse in the evening.

Winfield Courier, August 2, 1877.

The Sabbath school picnic at the Brane schoolhouse on the 21st ult. was the largest gathering of the kind held in this vicinity for some time. Four schools were in attendance. Everything passed off in the most pleasant manner. Odessa Sabbath school, the parent of the occasion, on last Sabbath passed resolutions thanking Rev. Rushbridge for the entertaining and useful address delivered at the picnic.


Arkansas City Traveler, August 8, 1877.

Sealed proposals will be received at Salt City, Sumner County, Kansas, until August 15th, 1877, for the erection of a stone schoolhouse in School District No. 79, Bolton Township, Cowley County, KAS. Plan and specification can be seen at the TRAVELER office in Arkansas City, and at the residence of W. E. Chenoweth, in the above named District. The board reserve the right to reject any or all bids. Bidders are requested to be present at the opening of the bids at 2 o’clock p.m. of August 15, 1877. Job to be paid for in cash when completed according to specifications.

       A. M. SHURTZ, Director; W. E. CHENOWETH, Clerk; O. J. PALMER, Treasurer.

     School District No. 79, Cowley Co., Kans.