Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

To the People of Cowley County:

January 1st, 1886, I will offer my entire stock of General Merchandise at Cost for Cash. This sale will continue just thirty days. I have $35,000 worth of goods to dispose of, and they have got to go if cost will move them. My stock consists of a complete line of Dress Goods, Silks, Satins, Sateens, Cashmere, Alpacas, Tricots, etc. I have also a full and complete line of Flannels, Table Linens, Napkins, Towels, Cassimere Jeans, Cloakings, Cottonade Shirting, Tickings, Canton Flannel, Muslins, Yarns, Shirts, Shawls, Blankets, Comforters, Hoods, Shawls, Blankets, Comforters, Hoods, Scarfs, Knit Sacques, etc. I would call especial attention to my large stock of Ladies’ Cloaks. These goods will be sold at a great sacrifice. I would also call attention to my Carpet Department. Goods in this department will be sold at UNHEARD OF LOW PRICES.

In my Notion Department I have everything in Ladies’ Neckwear, Laces, Embroideries, Collars and Cuffs, Trimmings, etc. I have Valises in endless variety. My stock of Boots and Shoes is complete. My stock of Clothing is all fresh and new, having all been bought last fall. I would especially call attention to my Blanket Department. I will sell these goods at prices that will cause my competitors to open their eyes. I don’t advertise any especial line of goods on any especial day or week, but will sell my entire stock at cost for cash for thirty days. This is no “Cheap John” or “catch penny” advertisement, but actual facts. Everybody knows when I advertise to sell at cost, I DO IT. Remember from January 1st to February 1st, 1886, is the time and at J. B. Lynn’s Mammoth Dry Goods House is the place to get big bargains in Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps, Carpets, Oil Cloths, Rugs, Mats, and in fact everything in the Dry Goods line. Come early before the stock is broken and secure the best bargains. Come one, come all, and bring your pocket books with you, as no goods will be sold at cost on credit. All orders will be taken at a discount of ten per cent. Respectfully.

   J. B. LYNN.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.




          Painting, Graining and Decorated Paper Hanging.

I make a specialty of hard wood finish and staining. First-class mechanics furnished and all work guaranteed. Estimates furnished on short notice. Shop on West Eighth Street, nearly opposite Kirk’s mill.


The Marriage of Mr. B. W. Matlack and Miss Gertrude McMullen.

A Brilliant and Elaborate Affair.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Happy they, the happiest of their kind.

Whom gentle stars unite,

And in one fate

Their hearts, their fortunes, and their beings blend.

Once again have the wedding chimes echoed. Ever since the announcement of the intended marriage of Mr. B. W. Matlack and Miss Gertrude McMullen, society has been on the qui vive in anticipation of the brilliant affair. Its date was New Year’s Day—the starting of a new year, with all its bright prospects and happy hopes. What time could be more appropriate for the joining of two souls with but a single thought? As the cards signaled, the wedding occurred at the elegant residence of Col. J. C. McMullen, uncle of the bride. At half past one o’clock the guests began to assemble and soon the richly furnished parlors of one of Winfield’s most spacious homes were a lively scene, filled with youth and age. It was a representative gathering of the city’s best people, attired as befitted a full dress occasion. Many of the ladies were very richly costumed.


Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Chancey Hewitt, Mr. and Mrs. Dr. Wright, Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Greer, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Soward, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Miller, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Albro, Mr. and Mrs. Dr. Gull, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Torrance, Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Silliman, Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Wood, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Rembaugh, Mr. and Mrs. Fred C. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. Sam D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. John D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Hackney, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Carson, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Smith, Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Cole, Mr. and Mrs. E. F. Blair.

Arkansas City: Mr. and Mrs. S. Matlack, Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Searing, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Topliff, Mrs. E. H. Wilson, Mrs. M. L. Matlack, Mrs. A. M. Clevenger, and Miss Lucy Walton.

Misses Minnie Taylor, Josie Pixley, Ida Trezise, Lena Walrath, Alice Bishop, Mary Bryant, Mary Berkey, May Hodges, Hattie Stolp, and Leota Gary.

Messrs. Judge Jay J. Buck, of Emporia; George and Everett Schuler, Will Hodges, Robert Hudson, Eli Youngheim, Jos. O’Hare, S. and P. Kleeman, Henry Goldsmith, E. Wallis, Addison Brown, Tom J. Eaton, Lacey Tomlin, Dr. C. E. Pugh, Frank Robinson, Lewis Brown, Will Robinson, James Lorton, Amos Snowhill. Livey J. Buck, Harry Sickafoose, and Frank H. Greer.

This list is as nearly correct as our reporter could get. In such an assembly it is almost impossible to get every name.

The shutters had been closed and the parlors illuminated by gas light, making a soft, mellow light entrancingly beautiful. Just enough daylight found its way in to complete the novel effect. At 2:30 the bridal pair came lightly down the stairway amid the sweet strains of Mendelssohn’s wedding march, by Master Olmstead, and took their position in the north parlor. The bride was on the arm of her father, Mr. J. F. McMullen, and the groom was accompanied by the bride’s mother. The attendants were Misses Nellie McMullen, cousin of the bride, and Jennie Lowry and Messrs. Ed. J. McMullen, the bride’s brother, and Frank F. Leland. The exquisite beauty of the bride was at its perfection in a very rich gold-colored costume. Its color was the exact counterpart of her hair, and was remarkably lovely for its absence of diversified trimming. It was Satin De Lyon, with court train; corsage trimmed with gold-colored silk. Her hair was dressed with ostrich tips and in her hand she held a bouquet of tube roses and immortelles. Miss Nellie McMullen was attired in a handsome blue brocade sateen, and Miss Lowry in very pretty shrimp pink satin. The groom and his attendants were arrayed in conventional black, with white cravats and kids. The bridal party were in a bower formed of white satin ribbon, in which were the bride’s father and mother, Mrs. Wm. H. Colgate and children, a sister, Col. McMullen, his mother and family, Mrs. M. L. Matlack and Stacy Matlack and wife, mother and brother of the groom. Mrs. J. F. McMullen was attired in a stone colored silk, trimmed with plush, same shade, and Mrs. J. C. McMullen in garnet-colored silk. Mrs. Colgate wore a pink cashmere dress, with satin mora bon trimming; Pussy Colgate, blue alabastrass Gretchen dress. The ceremony was pronounced by Rev. J. H. Reider, pastor of the Baptist church of this city. It was very beautiful and impressive, as follows.

                 THE CEREMONY.

The marriage institution, coeval with the human family, is authorized and guarded, both by divine and civil law. It is pointed out alike by the word of God, and the relations and experiences of our race, as eminently conducive to human happiness. It was instituted during man’s innocency, in the earthly Paradise; was ratified by Jesus Christ, the teacher and law-giver of the world, and declared by his holy Apostles to be honorable to all. Emanating thus directly from supreme authority, and preceding all other social and civil compacts, this institution cannot undergo change or pass away in the progress and mutations of society, but will remain the same and unalterable, the foundation of human government, of social order, and domestic happiness to the end of time. As the parties now presenting themselves in the presence of God and of these witnesses, seek this happy, honorable, and responsible alliance, I shall in token of a due consideration on your part of the nature and obligations of the conjugal relation, and of your free, deliberate, and decided choice of each other as partners for life, you will please unite your right hands. Do you now promise before Almighty God and these witnesses, to take each other for husband and wife, and practice all these offices of duty and affection which God in his word enjoins upon this relation? Do you mutually promise?

The parties answered, “We do promise.”

The groom then took the elegant diamond-set ring and placed it on the fourth finger of the bride’s left hand, and said: “With this ring I thee wed, and with all my worldly goods and my heart’s faithful affection, I thee endow.” When Mr. Reider added: “And may it remain a fit emblem of the brighter link uniting your hearts, of the richer circle of your common enjoyment, and as it is without end, may your happiness and prosperity endure forever. Having thus assumed the responsibilities of the marriage covenant, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, I pronounce you one—one in all your temporal interests and possessions, and in the eye of the law; one in every event of life, whether prosperous or adverse; one in every condition, whether of sickness or health. And what God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.”

Then prayer was offered for the divine blessing upon the newly wedded pair, and upon the families thus united, after which Mr. and Mrs. Matlack were introduced to the friends present.

The bridal pair stood the “trying ordeal” with becoming grace, pronouncing the momentous “I do” with a firmness only born of perfect self possession. The ceremony over, the congratulations began, warm and hearty, exhibiting the popularity of the bride and groom. Twenty-five of Mr. Matlack’s young gentlemen friends filed in, one right after the other, for congratulations. Half an hour was spent in greetings, when the feast began. It was elaborate, embracing everything obtainable in the culinary and confectionery art, served in elegant style. It was hugely enjoyed. Then came the view of the tokens. They were many and valuable—an array charming to the lover of fine wares and fine art.


Silver nut cracker and half dozen nut picks, Ed J. McMullen.

Silver salt and pepper castor, Miss Nellie McMullen.

Silver tray with tea and coffee service, Mrs. M. L. Matlack.

Large steel engraving “Rural Scene,” S. Matlack.

Morocco bound bible, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. McMullen.

Decorated China dinner set, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. McMullen.

Diamond earrings, groom to bride.

Point lace handkerchief, Mrs. W. H. Colgate.

Silver pitcher and goblet, Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Rembaugh, Mr. Will C. Robinson, Mr. G. D. Headrick, Mr. M. Hahn, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Doane, Dr. C. E. Pugh, Mr. Addison Brown, Mr. Will E. Hodges, Mr. Eli Youngheim, Mr. E. G. Gray, Mr. F. H. Greer.

Silver butter knife, Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Hackney.

Silver jewel case, Mr. and Mrs. J. Wade McDonald.

Silver card receiver, Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Young.

Carving knife and fork with steel, Mr. and Mrs. Chancey Hewitt.

Plush picture frame, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Smith.

Gold and pearl pen holder, Harry Bahntge.

Lemonade set, A. Snowhill.

Silver card receiver, E. M. Ford, Emporia, Kansas.

Silver pitcher and goblet, Mr. and Mrs. Rodgers, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Silliman, Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Albro, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. I. W. Randall, Mr. and Mrs. C. Collins, Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Wood, Mr. and Mrs. O. Branham, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bliss, Miss Lena Walrath, and Miss Lola Silliman.

Silver butter dish, Mr. and Mrs. Ed Cole and Miss Nellie Cole.

Silver card receiver, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read.

Silver tooth pick stand and salt cellar, Mr. and Mrs. E. F. Blair.

Pair silver salt stands, T. H. Soward.

Silver castor, Misses Jennie Lowry and Mollie Bryant.

Silver ink stand, Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Harter.

Silver vase, Mrs. A. B. Bishop and Misses Mary Berkey and Josie Pixley.

Silver cake basket, P. H. Albright and Ed Greer.

Silver butter dish, butter knife, sugar shell, and one-half dozen silver spoons, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Carson, Mr. and Mrs. W. R. Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. E. D. Taylor, Miss Maggie Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Miller.

Pair French gall urns, Lizzie, Margie, and Eugene Wallis.

Silver pickle dish, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Torrance.

Silver and glass berry dish, Leota Gary, Hattie Stolp, Minnie Taylor, May Hodges, and Ida Johnson.

Silver and glass jelly dish, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Buck, Emporia.

Hand painted pickle castor, Mr. E. Schuler, J. Lorton, G. Schuler, and Robt. Hudson, Jr.

Silver berry dish with spoon, L. Jay Buck, H. L. Tomlin, and F. Robinson.

Wedgewood ink stand, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Lyon.

Pair of silver and ground glass flower vases, Mr. and Mrs. L. M. Williams.

Silver salt cellars, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Topliff, Arkansas City.

Silver and ground glass flower stand, Dr. and Mrs. F. H. Bull.

Marble top table, J. L. M. Hill.

Linen table cloth, Sam and Phil Kleeman.

Picture “Twin Stars,” Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bedilion.

Morocco bound album, F. F. Leland.

Book, “Violet Among the Lillies,” Henry Goldsmith.

Dictionary, Thos. J. Eaton.

Book, “European Scenery,” Lewis Brown.

Turkish rug, Mrs. Clevenger.

Duchess lace handkerchief, Miss Emma Pfeffer, Topeka.

Silver traveling cup in Russia leather case, Mr. and Mrs. Albro.

Pair hand painted key racks, Miss Strong.

Silver and glass berry dish, Willis A. Ritchie.


At 4:30 the bridal pair and the relatives took the carriages in waiting and repaired to the S. K. depot, accompanied by a large number of guests to see the newly married couple off for their wedding tour of six weeks to Trenton, New Jersey, New York City, Boston, and various places in the east. It was a big ovation and farewell, with myriads of hearty wishes for a safe and happy tour.


Never was a couple more happily mated than Mr. and Mrs. B. W. Matlack. The union is one of counterpart temperaments—one with a starting most auspicious. The bride is a young lady of rare beauty and refinement, with a sweet and tranquil disposition and admirable social qualities. She has just bloomed into womanhood, the joy and pride of her parents and relatives. Mr. Matlack is one of the city’s best young businessmen, having, by shrewd business tact and self-application, secured a good competency. He has for a year or more been an active participant in Winfield’s social life. He is handsome, of affable manner, and possessed of ambition that will continue to win him success. Marriage is said to be the crowning point of life. Mr. Matlack’s coronation is jeweled—his bride a young lady the equal of whose winsome presence is seldom found. That all the fondest anticipations of bride, groom, parents, and relatives may reach their apex, is the hearty wish of THE COURIER.


Never in the history of Winfield did it have a more elaborate wedding then the one here chronicled. The home of Mr. and Mrs. J. C. McMullen, with its commodious appointments and rich furnishings, gave ample scope for extensive arrangements. Nothing was omitted that would add to the perfection of the occasion. The Col. and his agreeable lady received, as is characteristic of them, in a manner most admirable. The occasion, its pleasant hospitality and events, will long be remembered by the participants.


Its Grand Celebration in Winfield.

The Liveliest Life in the City’s History.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Never did Winfield have as lively New Year’s festivities as those just spent. In fact, it has come to be conceded generally that, though the Queen City has always had much social life, the sociability of this winter exceeds by far. Entertainments, private and public, come thick and fast. And they are all largely attended and thoroughly enjoyable. The wonderful life on the beginning of this New Year is what we will deal with now.


started the ball on a highly spirited roll New Year’s eve, in its party in the very pleasant home of the Misses Lizzie and Margie Wallis, whose admirable entertaining qualities are highly appreciated by all who have ever spent an evening in their home. Those present Thursday eve were: Misses Ora Worden, of Garnett, Mary Randall, Anna Hunt, Leota Gary, Anna McCoy, Minnie Taylor, Hattie Stolp, Bert Morford, Nona Calhoun, Ida Johnston, Nellie and Kate Rodgers, Maggie Harper, Mary Berkey, Julia Smith, and Eva Dodds; Messrs. Eugene Wallis, Frank N. Strong, Chas. F. and Harry Bahntge, Everett and George Schuler, Lacey Tomlin, Ed J. McMullen, L. J. Buck, Frank Robinson, F. F. Leland, G. E. Lindsley, L. B. Davis of Chicago, Addison Brown, Will E. Hodges, Harry Sickafoose, Tom J. Eaton, A. F. Hopkins, and Frank H. Greer. Restraint, under the pleasant entertainment of the Misses Wallis, is always unknown. So it was on this occasion. Everybody “turned themselves loose” and ended the old year in supreme jollity. Dancing, cards, a choice repast, with unadulterated “Gab Only,” made the evening fly on rapid wings, with the wish for many more just like it.


The large attendance at the wedding interfered considerably with New Year’s calling. It interfered with the formal banquet of many who would otherwise have kept formal open house. But the enjoyment was all the greater. Too much form spoils fun. About fifty callers were out, the two largest parties being “The Young Men’s Kerosene Association,” composed of Ed. J. McMullen, Tom J. Eaton, Frank F. Leland, Will E. Hodges, Addison Brown, Frank Robinson, and Livey T. Buck, and the “Great and Only Original Order of Modern S. of G.’” composed of D. H. Sickafoose, J. W. Spindler, A. F. Hopkins, E. Youngheim, R. Hudson, L. T. Tomlin, F. H. Greer, O. J. Dougherty. J. Lorton, and Q. A. Robertson. Judge Torrance, Senator Hackney, Judge Soward, and Ed P. Greer, formed another party; D. A. Millington and J. C. Fuller, another; Will C. and Geo. W. Robinson, Chas. F., Harry, and Barron Bahntge and Dr. J. G. Evans, another; R. E. Wallis, Jr., E. M. Meech, and Hobe Vermilye, another; J. L. M. Hill, Harry Steinhilber, S. Kleeman, and a number of others, whom our reporter didn’t strike were out, with all the eclat of aristocratic “Bosting.” The cartoons and elegant card cases (market baskets) of the “Kerosine Club” and “Modern S. of G.’s” would make Nast feel very tired. A myriad of homes were greeted with “A Happy New Year,” regardless of “open house” announcements. At a number of places the preparations were great, with grand banquets, among these being the home of Mrs. Black, she being admirably assisted in receiving by Mrs. B. H. Riddell, Mrs. A. C. Bangs, Mrs. Ada Perkins, and the Misses Lizzie and Margie Wallis, who had sent out neat “at homes” and entertained over fifty guests; at the home of Chas. F. Bahntge, where Misses Nona Calhoun and Bert Morford were kept busy receiving from four to eight; at Mrs. Dr. Emerson’s, where she was assisted by Mrs. W. L. Webb, and Miss Anna Hunt; at Mrs. L. G. and Miss Nellie Cole’s; at the residence of R. E. Wallis, where Miss Willie Wallis was assisted by Misses Jennie Snyder, Annie Doane, Lillie Wilson, Pearl Van Doren, and Margaret Spotswood—the happiest bevy imaginable. The spreads at all these places were simply immense, embracing about everything. At the numerous other places the greeting was not supplemented by refreshments, a happy thought to the callers after they had got through with the wedding dinner and the “layouts” above given. Some of the ladies gave their callers very fine cards—cards exquisite as New Year’s souvenirs.


Last night was the eleventh anniversary of Dr. and Mrs. Emerson’s marriage. For years back they have celebrated their wedding anniversary with a social gathering, and this New Years was no exception. Their home was the scene of a very happy party composed of Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. L. H. Webb, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Balyeat, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Bahntge, and Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Cole; Mrs. W. L. Webb, Mrs. E. H. Nixon, and Mrs. B. H. Riddle; Misses Lizzie and Margie Wallis, Nettie and Anna McCoy, Sadie French, Nellie Cole, Anna Hunt, Mamie Baird,       Johnson, Nona Calhoun, and Bert Morford; Messrs. J. L. M. Hill, Ray Oliver, M. J. O’Meara, C. P. and Harry Bahntge, Everett and George Schuler, Tom J. Eaton, Byron Rudolf, L. B. Davis of Chicago, R. E. Wallis, Jr., E. M. Meech, Will and Frank Robinson, and Frank H. Greer. The opportunity for an evening in Mrs. Emerson’s agreeable home is always hailed with delight. Her graceful and hearty hospitality completely banishes any formal feeling and makes all go in for a good time. A jollier gathering than that last night would be very hard to find. The “light fantastic” tripped to the excellent time of Master Olmstead, with whist, and a collation unexcelled, afforded genuinely enjoyable pastime till almost one o’clock, when all bid their genial hosts appreciative adieu, wishing them any returns of such happy wedding anniversaries, all declaring that no city can afford more admirable entertainers than the Doctor and his vivacious lady.

Miss Lola Silliman entertained a very pleasant little party of her young friends New Year’s Eve. Her home is one of the most agreeable in the city, commodious and nicely furnished, and her entertainment very wholesouled.

Twenty-five or more young folks were entertained by Miss Anna Doane Thursday evening, and watched the old year out. It was a very gay gathering.


One of the biggest successes yet scored in Winfield in a benevolent way was the charity dinner by the Woman’s Relief Corps at the Opera House yesterday. Five large tables were laden and re-laden with everything tempting to the palate, and hundreds of our citizens partook. About two hundred dollars were taken in—over one hundred and fifty of which are cleared, and will be distributed among the worthy poor of the city. This effort on the part of these noble ladies is most commendable. Those who inaugurated and assisted in it are the grandest women of our city, and were they not so numerous, would receive individual comment from THE COURIER.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

On the morning of the 9th of November, one of those balmy, bright, bracing mornings of which Kansas alone can boast at that season of the year, so perfect that the most fastidious could not find a flaw in it, or in any way change it if they could, we (Sue and I) left lovely, beautiful Winfield to test the climate, culture, and oranges of Florida. Although nature had ripened forest leaf into its brightest hue, the corn into its golden shocks, and the grass into its autumn dress, still the landscape along the route was most interesting, diversified as it was along the K. C. & S. W. railroad with new towns which have sprung into existence and grown to be good sized ones within the few months since this road was commenced. Nothing but the wonderful growth of that great west could find thought in the minds of the traveling public in coach or palace car. All the way to St. Louis, our people so frequently journey to the Mississippi river and south and north, east and west, that any item would not be worth setting the type to relate.

Suffice it that visits in St. Louis and Louisville were enjoyed all around and at Cave City we left the steam conveyance, climbed into a rickety hack, and bounced away due west, over corduroy roads, roads made of newly pounded stone, and roads made of mud and water, a distance of ten miles to Mammoth Cave, “that big hole in the ground” where we arrived at dusk. After supper and at the fixed hour, half past seven, our party of only five being instructed by the agent to pin up our skirts high in order to give us free use of our hands, each with torch in hand, filed out across the garden over a rough path, down steps, down, down, until we found we had really reached bottom and the mouth of the cave. One look to take in the surroundings and we followed on after the guide. After well in, we laid our shawls down to entirely disencumber ourselves, and all agreed that we would for once make as much noise as we liked. Laughing and indulging in ludicrous remarks about the architecture of the structure, we came upon the ruins of the old vats where so much saltpeter was manufactured during the war of 1812, and were told by the guide that not until some time after, about 1815, did visitors commence to frequent the cave.

Five sisters by the name of Jessup are heirs to the property, and the enormous sum for which they lease the hotel, a rickety old building of sixty years standing, and the cave, is enough to roll in luxury from years end to years end. With what awe and wonder I contemplated that awful upheaval. From pit to dome the black amphitheater was a fearful mystery. Seats of fallen rock were promiscuously arranged in the pit, boxes above plainly seen by the lighted taper thrown up by the guide, statuary somehow placed in niches by throwing the light, and the canopy frescoed with patches of lamp-black from torches going in and out for more than half a century, names written in paint and with pencil, cards and circulars, bats by the thousands sticking snugly, and in groups, and great white spots all over, off from which had crumbled pieces of stone from time immemorial. Supporting this great show room, which was ninety feet high in places, were huge stalactites, the formation of which was away back beyond the comprehension of man, black and discolored by age, rough, ragged, and damp from perpetual dripping. On we went, down steps, up steps, until we dame to a stone house laid in mortar by human hands, eight feet high, without roof, but with door and floor. Here four ladies had stayed for months, to try what virtue there was in an even temperature, to cure consumption. It was “no good.” Farther on and more than three miles under ground, the guide told us he had seen five couples married. Just then I felt a curious desire to yell, and being urged to do so, I did my “level best,” which sent back its echo, not from man, but from the rocks. Up and down, now stooping nearly to creeping, now squeezing between huge rocks just far enough apart to admit about 160 pounds, if the object was not more than six feet high, and the rest put in the other way, a little flattened, across bridges with a feeble railing, and finally retracing our steps part way, we explored the bottomless pit (with our eyes), and the guide then threw down a lighted taper, which struck bottom at 75 feet. The lake, wherein is live eyeless fishes, is not more than fifty feet across, and the fishes never grow over three inches long. I saw several which were not over two inches long. Our guide pretended to show places where by stamping, it sounded as though it was hollow, and produced an echo, but as I stood close by his side, I heard him make a sound with his mouth, and I knew he was a ventriloquist. Subsequently I was asked if that ventriloquist guide was there yet. This man has acted in that capacity for fifteen years, and gets only $20 a month and his board. The last treat, and one to be long remembered, was ascending the cork-screw. It was a long pull, and a strong pull, to climb around and up rock after rock without form or comeliness, and after so long a walk, it was like the last straw that broke the camel’s back. Tired and foot-sore from the eight mile walk, we arrived at the hotel just as the clock struck twelve. I left, feeling just as I always shall, that I want to see the whole thing by daylight. It is well worth a journey across the ocean or continent to see.

At Atlanta we stopped one day; Sam Jones and Sam Small were holding forth upon prohibition, and they awoke both sides. Their enormous tent was filled to the last inch, temperance meetings were held all over the city, the ministers took up the refrain and preached prohibition, women laid aside their “crazy quilts” and organized societies, blue ribbons, with “Atlanta Prohibition Club” outnumbered the red ribbons, with “Liberty,” and at the election Fulton County won for no whiskey. We were met here by Maj. R. E. Mansfield, brother of the Mansfield Bros., of Attica, and with him proceeded to Charleston. After a delightful visit of a week, he accompanied us on our journey.

From Jacksonville, which is certainly a most beautiful city, containing most beautiful hotels, well kept, from basement to attic; and especially do we appreciate the hospitality of the gentlemanly proprietor of the Tremont, Mr. H. De Wolf Dodge, who leaves nothing undone to make his hotel home-like.

From Jacksonville, as I was saying, we took passage on the fine steamer, “City of Jacksonville,” and as one of our party was an employee of Uncle Sam, and as there was not a big crowd on board that trip, we fared gorgeously. Our state room was not over the wheel, we sat next to the purser at the table, who, by the way, is an elegant gentleman, polite, affable, and interesting, and in short, we had a splendid time. The best compliment I can pay the handsome Captain, W. A. Shaw, and the obliging purser, H. B. Teasdale, is to advise everybody to take a trip on the “City of Jacksonville.”

The first part of the night we were in wide water, but towards morning I found that the wheel was often reversed, and that we were running very slow, almost stopped, and at dawn, while the electric light was yet burning on our bow, I discovered that we were so near shore that one could almost jump upon it. The electric light threw the shadows around a point, or curve, which we were about to make, that rendered the scene magnificent. I said: “Sue, get up, we are losing some beautiful scenery.” Hastily we threw on our clothes, and went out on deck, ’though the morning was very chilly. The winding, curving, short turns in the river, which was now not much wider than the length of the steamer, seemed very much like the letter “S,” and upon one occasion we sailed twenty-six miles to make eight. The St. Johns river runs through several lakes, the largest of which is Lake George, and at the extreme east is Lake Monroe, upon which Sanford and Enterprise are located. As we had a few hours to spend before the boat returned, our chaperon, the Major, hired a negro to row us over to De Bary’s famous orange grove of seventy acres. A wonderful spring just beyond, which flowed 3,000 gallons a minute, must be seen, so we were rowed into a creek, which looked more like water standing upon a vast prairie, it was so placid, and free from the least current, sometimes running through tall grass which grew from the bottom, and sometimes under trees from which hung the long gray moss, which dipped its fingers gracefully into the water. The sail was an enchanting one, and a memorable one. Of course we filled our many pockets with oranges and ate, ate to our fill from Fred De Bary’s grove. Our interesting companion left us at Astor, our landing, and we proceeded to Mt. Dora. H. P. MANSFIELD.

Mt. Dora, Florida, December 14, 1885.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Flairy colors in residence paint is getting all the rage—red, bright drab, blue, etc.

New houses are spring up rapidly in Highland Park. In a short time it will be as thickly settled as any part of the city.

M. Howard, East Ninth, has repainted his house in bright colors, and enclosed with a neat fence, greatly improving its appearance.

Mr. Stewart, the carpenter, is putting in the foundation for a roomy and substantial house, next to his residence on east Ninth avenue.

G. C. Wallace’s handsome, commodious new residence on south Fuller street, is nearing completion. It will make a very desirable home.

H. H. J. Johnson is erecting a large residence way out on 12th avenue. It will make a fine house and cost considerable when completed.

The Curns & Manser, Wallis & Wallis, Irve Randall, and other business blocks are going right up and will be ready for occupancy in the early spring.

The plans are out for the business block of J. C. McMullen. It will be in harmony with the other elegant buildings projected for early spring.

The St. James Hotel, with its three stories, and forty-five rooms, is progressing finely. Mr. Weitzel will furnish it with electric bells and all modern conveniences—as fine hotel as the Southwest affords.

Chas. E. Fuller’s new home, on east Tenth, is almost completed and is a beauty. Its architecture is of the latest, everything complete for a cozy home. It will be ready for occupancy in a couple of weeks.

The plans for the magnificent new First National bank building, on the Doane corner, will be out soon. It will be one of the very finest blocks in the State. No money will be spared to make it eclipse. Col. Alexander will put a good building adjoining it. Work will begin on both in February.

Burton L. Weger hasn’t so much faith in municipal generosity as he had. A year or more ago, he fell in an open trench of the gas company, jolting his frame up pretty badly. But his feelings were jolted worse than his frame—they were bruised and bleeding and coupling them with his physical injuries, he put in a claim to the city council for $5,000 damages. It was of course readily refused and suit was instituted in the District Court. Yesterday the case was tried, by jury, with a verdict that the case was without probable cause. Mr. Weger will have to pay the costs, which are near a hundred dollars.

Our rambler was on his wild and wooly mustang last night. Of course our natural inclinations drifted us to the Imbecile Asylum, which now begins to show its splendid proportions. Thirty men are now at work and the walls are to the top of the third story. The outer walls are of pitched ashler, lined with brick and the partition walls are all brick. It interior arrangement, as now indicated, with its beautiful exterior design will make one of the finest public buildings in the State. It is 75 x 120 feet, five stories high, including the ten foot basement and the mansard. It will have over forty-five thousand square feet of flooring. It is being built in the most substantial manner. As we have before remarked, its location, on an elevation overlooking the city and country, miles around, is simply charming. When finished, filled with the State’s imbecile and idiotic youth, the street car line leading to it will be a continual jam. Nobody will visit Winfield without viewing the asylum and Methodist college, two of the largest public institutions in the west.

We have just got onto a serious episode of one of our leading businessmen church members. He is a great smoker. He took his usual pew last Sunday, when an old pillar of the church sat down by him. The pillar had scarcely got seated when he leaned over, punched the prominent businessman, and said: “Say, you are the worse scented man I ever got close to. Your tobacco aroma would knock a man down. Don’t you see the whole audience squirming?” And then he got up and took a seat at the far side of church. The p. b. m. was mad—raving mad! He grabbed his hat, rushed out, and went tearing down the street, fairly frothing at the mouth. He met some ladies, halted them, and startled the fair ones by demanding whether he omitted an odor similar to fourteen years soaking in Limburger cheese, or like an individual who had been an envoy extraordinary sent out to capture a skunk. Their reply that he seemed as sweet and attractive as a morning rose smoothed his ruffled feelings and with relenting repose he sought his home and the cause of his scent, puffing the thrilling episode away in the clouds of a choice Havana.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

H. A. Palmer, the telegraph line constructor who tried to run the rink on Christmas, was brought in from Atlanta Wednesday by Capt. Siverd, and plead guilty before Judge Snow to two counts, one for getting drunk and one for fighting. It costs him $84. He is out on a parole, and unless the money is raised by tomorrow will revel in the bastille. He can probably get the money.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Captain J. B. Nipp is out west looking around and in a private letter dated at Veteran, says: “Veteran is located in the geographical center of Stanton County. It is beautifully located in a very rich, and beyond a doubt, the finest body of agricultural land in the world. No better soil is known. A rich, black, sandy loam that will produce anything planted. Stanton will have enough people to organize in a very short time. There are already three railroads pointing through Stanton County, and Veteran is a natural railroad center. The town company has put in a public well with a wind pump and tank which furnishes an abundance of water to all. Travelers call this the best water in the southwest. It is clear as crystal and absolutely free of alkali. One hundred teams are watered here daily and the supply is inexhaustible. There is also a splendid hotel 24 x 48, with additions, two stories high, which is well furnished and kept in the best of style. Choice business and resident lots can be had in this beautiful town. Homestead or Pre-emption claims can be had yet. Every man seeking a home or a place for business, will do well to come to Veteran. It is only a matter of time when she will be the metropolis of the southwest. The people who are settling in and around Veteran are men of energy and push and are making everything move along in the best of shape and in the near future will own fine farms and vast wealth in this rich and productive county of Stanton, which bids fair to be the finest county in the state. J. B. NIPP.

               NEW DEPARTURE.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

According to previous contract Geo. H. Dresser, the photographer, took possession of the Rodocker gallery January 1st. Mr. Dresser is no stranger in Winfield, having been associated with Mr. Rodocker for the past year and a half, all but the last few months, making a temporary stay at Arkansas City. The result of his labors while there can be seen at the gallery, in the shape of a fine exterior display of photos of some of Arkansas City’s prettiest faces, and at the same time give you an opportunity of judging the merits of his work. Mr. Dresser has had the advantage of all modern improvements, and an experience of over eleven years; also is a member of the Photographic Association of America, and is considered by the fraternity an artist of true merit. Mr. Dresser is making arrangements to make pictures of any size and style known to the art science of photography. You are cordially invited to call in and see his work and its merits, and a share of your patronage is respectfully solicited. Mr. Dresser expects to sustain the well known reputation of this gallery, and he is cheerfully recommended by Mr. Rodocker as very amply qualified.

               OUR MILLIONAIRES O. K.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

In a recent issue of THE COURIER an article dated Detroit, Michigan, December 19, 1885, appeared purporting to give the substance of a letter from Minister Phelps, giving an opinion adverse to the existence of any estate of monies belonging to the Lawrence-Townley claimants. As an answer to the statements of the letter, I herewith hand you a letter from U. S. Consul-General Waller, which, if you deem of sufficient interest to your readers—quite a number of whom claim to be heirs of this estate—you have the liberty to publish.


The letter is addressed to T. W. McDowell, of White Pigeon, Illinois, cousin of Mr. Johnson. It says: “Replying to your favor of the 16th instant, I have to say that the Act of Parliament de Estate of Lawrence Townley was passed at the last session and will be published in book form in a few days at the price of 16 shillings. Should you desire me to forward you a copy of the Act, kindly enclose $4, the equivalent of 16 shillings.

THOMAS M. WALLER, Consul-General to England.”


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Sam Green, the victim of the Purden-Green elopement, with which all are familiar, sends the following, which we print verbatim. “I will just say in reply to a piece I see in your paper in regards to my wife and my treatment to her I say that it is a lie I never Struck her a lick in my life you say you made up money to Send her to her mother She come here and tried to git me take her back you can tell Tom Harrod or any one else Says She was dolly beatten is a lie and a Rascal it was not bad treatment that drove her from me I will make him think infurnel Brute if I ever meet him I can prove by her neghbors here she was never mistreated nor wonted for anything I could do for her I want you to under Stand it was not cussedness from her husband that drove her to sleep with Purden it was a lack of love and Respect for her own husband may peace and Happiness go with her for I can’t. Sam Green. P. S. Please put a copy of this in your paper.”


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson entertained a very pleasant little party of friends Wednesday eve. An evening in their spacious home is always most delightful. Those participating last night were: Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, Dr. and Mrs. Geo. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, and Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt; Mrs. Mary Whitney; Misses Nettie and Anna McCoy, Julia Smith, Libbie Whitney, Nona Calhoun, Bert Morford, and Anna Hunt; Messrs. Chas. F. and Harry Bahntge, W. H. Smith, Will and Frank Robinson, Will Whitney, Lacey Tomlin, A. F. Hopkins, and Will Hodges. Various amusements, supplemented by a choice collation, followed by dancing, in which the “old folks” took a lively part, passed the evening very agreeably. The graceful entertainment of Mr. and Mrs. Robinson always makes perfect freedom and genuine enjoyment.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The foundation for the College is about complete, and it is a beauty. The water tables, almost all on, are of blue limestone, handsomely trimmed, and as decorative as marble. The dimensions of the building are finely exhibited in the foundation. And a glance at the pencil sketch of Architect Ritchie shows that it will be a magnificent structure when completed, one an honor not only to Winfield but the whole Southwest M. E. Conference. The State will not afford a better educational institution. A lot has been selected and plans are being drawn for a neat church on the college grounds, which will accommodate the college pupils and the residents of College Hill and vicinity.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Prof. Limerick, Prof. Wood, Misses Fannie and Louie Stretch, and Miss Mary Berkey returned Friday from the State Teacher’s Association at Topeka. They report it the grandest meeting in the history of the State—as big a State Association as ever assembled in any state. There were 850 teachers there, from every quarter of the state. Cowley took the cake, with her ten representatives, considering the distance. Representative hall of the capital was jammed, gallery and all.




Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Commencing with the first number of volume 14 for 1886 the WEEKLY COURIER will be enlarged by adding two full pages of reading matter. It will contain double the amount of reading matter of any previous year, and printed in our beautiful minion, will be the handsomest and best weekly in the state, if the editors have the ability to make it such. It will at least have much the largest amount of reading matter. Subscribe at once and get the whole benefit of the improvement. Send $1.50 for one year, $1 for eight months, 50 cents for 4 months, or 25 cents for two months in advance. The terms are $2.00 a year if not paid in advance.

We will club THE WEEKLY COURIER with the weekly Globe-Democrat one year for $2.50; COURIER and Leavenworth Times $2.00; COURIER and American Farmer $1.75; COURIER, Leavenworth Times and American Farmer $2.25; COURIER, Globe-Democrat and American Farmer $2.50.

We offer the COURIER and the Weekly Capital and Farmers Journal of Topeka, an 8 page weekly, both one year for $2. The cash must accompany the order.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The Probate Judge of Saline County has revoked the liquor permits of Aug. Engstrom & Co.; and W. H. Hilman & Co., for excessive sales.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

A new town in Dickinson County, on the new road, is named Hellroarer, after the two men who own the town site. Their names are Heller and Rohrer.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The man who shot Brakeman Fort on the Santa Fe was not a professional tramp, but a resident named Flower, who had been running a whiskey joint at Newton.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Malvern Watts was seriously wounded in a shooting scrape at Anthony, Harper County, December 28. The shootist was a cowboy from Texas. Both parties were intoxicated.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

A man was shot through the head with a piece of torpedo at Herrington, Christmas morning; someone placed a torpedo on the railroad, a passing engine exploded it, with the result given above. His recovery is doubtful.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The Daily Commonwealth of January 1st is truly a “State paper.” It is a sixteen page edition and contains cuts and statements of the condition of the State institutions and a variety of information of value to every Kansan.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

A little boy died recently at Enterprise under such circumstances that a coroner’s inquest was called. The jury decided that he came to his death from natural causes, hastened by ill treatment on the part of his father, K. W. Davis.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

J. D. Reed, of Belle Plaine, Sumner County, recently took some gas while having a dental operation performed, since which time he has been unconscious, and grave fears are entertained as to the final result. He is yet alive at last accounts.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The Topeka Capital credits Judge John Martin with saying: “As to the Kansas appointments, I believe they will be confirmed, with the exception of Acers, who has made an ass of himself. Indeed, if for no other reason, he ought to be rejected for writing the asinine letter he did.”

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

A bright newspaper comes to us from Olympia, Washington Territory, The Weekly Partisan, edited and published by Hon. Tom H. Cavanaugh, ex-secretary of State, of Kansas. Of course, it is a strong paper and the kind of a partisan which the city, county, territory, and Republican party wants in that locality.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Blue Rapids Times: H. R. Hatton, who resides south of town, was cleaning a revolver on Thursday of last week, when it was accidentally discharged, the ball entering the palm of his hand and ranging toward his wrist. Dr. Fillmore was called and cut the ball from the back of the hand.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

They do not tear up the earth and madden the listening heavens when they elect a president in France. The job is done, not by the people, but by the joint vote of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. They had one of their unobtrusive Presidential elections in France last Monday, and Grevy was reelected by a majority of 135.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Senator Frye: “Last summer I saw in a country village, in Maine, a cradle in which one mother had rocked one United States Senator, one cabinet officer, five members of the National House of Representatives, four Governors of States, two Ministers Plenipotentiary, one Major General in the United States Army, and one Captain in the army.”

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The Democracy promised that if they were entrusted with the government, Jeffersonian simplicity should pervade all the departments, Now, that they are in, the Jeffersonian simplicity materializes in the form of a recommendation of $75,000 for expenses in excess of what was by them claimed as reckless extravagance.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Doctors say that women should be cautious how they call to offer sympathy to neighbors having sick children. Women’s clothing offers inducements to fugitive bacteria, and several instances have been recorded lately in which contagious diseases are known to have been brought about by germs carried into the household in the folds of heavy woolen fabrics.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

When a man’s wife scratches him in Elk County, he tells all the neighbors that he has been scratched by a wild cat. Doubtless the huge bear and panther stories which make lively the local columns of some of our interior cotemporaries might be traced in many instances to the clever method of making smooth the rough places in a nimble domesticity.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The people of Austin, Texas, have enough excitement to keep them interested. The presence there of a murderer or gang of murderers who has or have killed thirteen women in one year is enough to agitate any community, and the failure of the police to secure the monster or monsters adds greatly to the discomfort of the situation. That so strange a series of crimes should have left no traces is perhaps the most remarkable fact of all.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

We notice that on the 29th a charter was filed with the Secretary of State for a railroad from Emporia to El Dorado. This is a part of the movement of the Santa Fe company, and with the extension from Douglass to Winfield, will make almost an air line from Topeka to Winfield, shortening the distance between the two places about forty miles, and placing Winfield nearer to Topeka and Kansas City by rail than Wichita. The Commonwealth says in relation to these projects: “That company to secure its right of way through the Indian Territory, has to build at least 100 miles in the Indian Territory within the next year, and it will be done. This is one of the railroads which will be built in the near future.”

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Capt. Pond, quartermaster in charge of the work, has enlarged his views and becomes quite enthusiastic over the plans of the government, and the adaptability of Riley. It is proposed to make a twelve-company post for cavalry school of instruction, and that the buildings for this purpose will cost $300,000. The military authorities also design the establishment of a horse farm, where all the horses for cavalry service may be raised. Buildings for this purpose will be erected on Three Mile creek, An appropriation of $100,000 will be asked for to start this farm. In addition, $200,000 will be asked for the work of building the post, and $10,000 for roads. Junction City Union.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Prof. F. H. Snow, of the University of Kansas at Lawrence, has furnished us with a copy of his “Weather report for December, 1885,” from which we note: Mean temperature for the month, 32.54; highest temperature December 2nd, 57; lowest temperature of Dec. 23rd, 1.5; mean temperature of 18 past Decembers 29.65; mean highest temperature of 18 past December 61.06; mean lowest temperature of 18 past December, 3.01; days below zero 1; in December, 1884, 6 days; in December 1878, 7 days; in December 1872, 8 days; average for 18 Decembers, 3 days. In December 1869, 1873, 1877, 1881, and 1883 the temperature did not go down to zero.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Prof. F. H. Snow, in his “Weather report for December, 1885,” says: “A very fine December. Thirteen days (from 5th to 17th) of moderate winter weather, with abundant snow and good sleighing, were preceded and followed by so mild a temperature as to admit of active building operations. The most remarkable feature of the month was the high wind of the fourth, an account of which is given below.”

This is the situation at Lawrence, Kansas. Here at Winfield the weather was much milder. The snow and sleighing did not last five days and building operations were not suspended as much as two days during the month. In that awful windy day when so much damage was done all over the country, no damage was done here and building operations were not suspended.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

A dispatch from El Dorado says: “The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe road has submitted township and city bond propositions in Cowley County, to aid in the building of the twenty-two miles of road between Douglas and Winfield, and when completed, they will have a continuous line from Florence via El Dorado to Arkansas City. Under the authority granted the above company to build from Arkansas City into the Indian Territory, they are required to construct one hundred miles the coming year. The surveyors are in the field, and work on the Indian Territory line will begin in the early spring. The township bond propositions are to be submitted in Chase and Butler counties, to aid in building a cut off between Emporia and El Dorado, which, when built, will place Kansas City, Emporia, and Arkansas City in an almost air line. This will, without doubt, be the main line of the Texas division of the Santa Fe road, and will be in full operation by December 1866.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The supreme court of the United States has recently delivered an opinion which is of much importance to farmers and railroad companies. In a suit brought to enforce the fence law of Missouri against the Missouri Pacific railroad company, the company pleaded that the law is repugnant to the provision of the constitution, which declares that no state “shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law,” nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction “the equal protection of the laws.” But the supreme court upheld the law on the ground that it is an emanation of the police power of the state for protecting the lives and property of citizens against negligence of carriers and cases of accident. Justice Field declared that there are few cases in which this police power is more wisely and beneficially exercised than in compelling railroad companies to fence in their tracks.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

A petition has been circulated requesting the city council to compel the K. C. & S. W. railroad company to make a good road from the southwest bridge to the fair ground entrance, alleging that the company had destroyed that wagon road, or words to that effect.

Now, in the first place, that certain piece of road never was a good road, and in a wet time, it was hardly passable. In the second place, the railroad company were compelled by the city council, much against the will of the company, to build their road that way at an extra cost to the company of $50,000. Now, while the city wants several valuable things from that company and hopes to get them, it is not only unjust but mighty poor policy to hit the company another welt over the head and try to provoke them to remove their offices, instead of encouraging them to build a general office building, roundhouse, machine shops, and a branch. We admit the enormity of the wagon road in question and the necessity that it should be made a good road, and that at once, and we would advise the city council that they proceed at once to do the work at the expense of the city. It will cost something, of course, but not so very much more than it would have done had the railroad company not been forced to build there.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Woman suffrage is essentially right. There is not a solitary sound argument in favor of the proposition that each man has a natural right to a voice in the government that taxes him, and restricts his liberties, that is not equally as strong in favor of the proposition that each woman has the same right. To deprive her of it is simply arbitrary despotism. To argue that, because Miss Dollbaby giggles out that she don’t want to vote, men are justified in depriving the drunkard’s mother, wife, and sister from using their God-given right for his and their protection, is as nonsensical as it was thirty years ago for slave-holders to insist that, because some petted house servants did not want to be free, the fleeing man who was seeking freedom could be justly hunted down with bloodhounds. The question is, shall we, by refusing to live up to our boasted principles, continue to justify the appellation “political hypocrites” and, by withholding from others their just rights, prove ourselves tyrants?

Kansas has a glorious record. Why not make it more so, by causing her to be the first state that is honest enough and chivalrous enough to concede to women their legal rights? The legislature will soon be in session; who will propose a constitutional amendment on the subject, and give the people a chance to vote on this question?

We do not suppose, however, that the opponents of female suffrage in the legislature dare permit the question to be voted on by the people. Nevertheless, it would be a good idea to compel them to put themselves on record to that effect.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

With this week’s issue THE WEEKLY COURIER starts out on the fourteenth year of its existence. From month to month and from year to year for thirteen years THE COURIER has faithfully chronicled the wonderful growth and advancement of Winfield and Cowley County. From the erection of the first brick building in a column article under a screaming eagle and a booming cannon, it has moved along through the successive steps marking the inauguration and completion of every enterprise that has placed our splendid city and county on the pinnacle of material development and prosperity. Things that, in the early days, would have brought out every booming cut in the office, now pass with a five line notice. Magic steps in the city’s progress have come to be taken as matters of common moment. Glancing back over the pile of musty COURIER files that have accumulated all these years, it is only a little way to the little six column sheet, printed in big, black type on dish-rag paper. Those files contain all of the light and shadow of pioneer life, in the swaddling period of Cowley County—its first struggles of infancy. What a weekly record of material growth is exhibited in the turning of the leaves of those old files! From a shoreless ocean of prairie, you gradually turn to a populous, fertile county, with beautiful homes, splendidly improved farms, and citizens as intelligent, enterprising, prosperous, and happy as any under the shining sun. All the terrible ordeals of drought and grasshoppers are only memories of the past. As the county has grown, so has THE COURIER grown; as the people have prospered, so has THE COURIER prospered. Beginning with that dirty little six column sheet, printed on an old Washington hand press, from pica type, it has gradually improved until, on the beginning of this promising new year, it comes out a six page paper, set in beautiful minion type, printed on a power press by gas power, and containing enough news from all over the world, with all home doings, to keep a man hours in reading—a weekly paper unexcelled in all the fair west. Identical with the development of Cowley County and Winfield, has been the development of THE COURIER, and as they continue to advance, so will THE COURIER continue to advance. To its thousands of readers all over Cowley’s fair domain, THE COURIER extends its heartiest wish for a continuance of the happiness and prosperity resultant from the “incubation” period of the grandest county on earth; that the year 1886 may place them several rounds further up the ladder of wealth, worth, and contentment: with all the beatitudes that a smiling Providence can bestow.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

William T. Sherman was born in Lancaster, Ohio, on the 8th day of February, 1820. His father was the Hon. Charles R. Sherman, one of the judges of the Supreme Court of that state. In 1836, at the age of sixteen, he entered West Point as a cadet, and was graduated on the 30th of June, 1840, sixth in his class. Young Sherman at once entered the service, on graduation, as second lieutenant in the Third Artillery, and served in Florida through the winter of 1840 and 1841. In November, 1841, he was promoted to a first lieutenancy. He was afterward stationed at Fort Moultrie, South Carolina. In 1846 he was sent to California, and remained there in service all through the Mexican war, having reached the grade of captain. In 1850 he was married to the eldest daughter of Hon. Thos. Ewing, of Ohio. In 1853 he resigned his commission in the army, and took charge of the banking house of Lucas, Turner & Co., at San Francisco. In 1860 he was president of the State Military Academy of Louisiana, and remained in that position until the outbreak of the war. He had evidence satisfactory to his own mind, long before the first shot was fired at Sumpter, that war was inevitable, and thereupon, taking prompt counsel of honor and patriotism, wrote and dispatched the following keen but honest, manly, straight-forward, and loyal letter.

January 18, 1861.

Gov. Thomas O. Moore, Baton Route, La.:

SIR:—As I occupy a quasi-military position under this State, I deem it proper to acquaint you that I accepted such position when Louisiana was a State in the Union, and when the motto of the seminary was inserted in marble over the main door, “By the liberality of the general government of the United States: The Union. Estro Perpetua.

Recent events foreshadow a great change and it becomes all men to choose. If Louisiana withdraws from the Federal Union, I prefer to maintain my allegiance to the old constitution as long as a fragment of it survives, and my longer stay here would be wrong in every sense of the word. In that event, I beg you will send or appoint some authorized agent to take charge of the arms and munitions of war here belonging to the State, or direct me what disposition should be made of them.

And furthermore, as President of the Board of Supervisors, I beg you to take immediate steps to relieve me the moment the State determines to secede; for on no earthly account will I do any act, or think any thought hostile or in defiance of the old government of the United States. With great respect, etc., (Signed) W. T. SHERMAN.

The military career of this great soldier and statesman forms an important part of the history of our civil war, and to portray it would require volumes. We have only space to call the attention of our readers to the lesson in patriotism which the above letter of General Sherman teaches. Love of country finds no place in the extensive curriculum of our schools and colleges, and the youth of today are seldom taught this important characteristic of a good citizen—patriotism.


Newsy Notes Gathered by The “Courier’s” Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Clark Bryant sold a fine beef at Winfield lately.

Mrs. Emery spent last week at Oxford with Mrs. Slade.

Mrs. Foose and daughters spent New Year’s day in Winfield.

At present we are having enough cold weather to appreciate a fire.

Jerome Hassell seems to be disposing of his corn and wheat in order to be ready for the western trip ere many weeks.

Clark Bryant and sons have returned from Arkansas and report a long, rough trip. They did not meet with much success capturing fur animals.

Miss Howard has again commenced dispensing knowledge to the little ones. May nothing but good feelings exist between teacher and pupils the rest of her term.

What has become of Rev. Knight? Wonder if he thinks there are no souls to save in cold weather, or did he drop off because the financial part was not pushed forward more?

Mrs. Shelton and daughter and J. A. Rucker were in the city recently shopping, but think they will have to go again as J. B. Lynn is offering better bargains this month.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

W. H. Holland, ye knight of the ferule, after running afoul of a member of his school board at Summitville, very modestly tendered his resignation, which was graciously accepted. Three months experience as pedagogue convinced Bob that the teacher’s pathway is not strewn with roses, nor is brains appreciated as much as it should be by rural ignoramuses.

Greek George and Jack Connors, of pugilistic fame, visited these “diggins” last Saturday. They displayed their voracious appetites and gastronomical capacities at our grange store in what they called a “lunch.” They are remarkably developed and healthy specimens of physical manhood. The deportment of our young bloods in the presence of these giants of muscle were unexceptionably good. Physical prowess commands respect where other moralizing influences fail.

Prof. John C. Snyder was presented with a unique but valuable New Year’s gift—a son of regulation weight and more than ordinary smartness. It is quite obvious why Cal. undertook the cultivation of those sideburns—to add more dignity to his additional responsibilities as “pap.” Dr. Marsh officiated. Mother and boy progressing finely.

Many bright New Year’s and a sunny track,

Curtis, along an upward way,

And joyful hymns of praise on looking back,

When your fair locks have ripened gray.

A record pure and honest too;

This is my New Year’s wish for you!

A roaring time was had at the Centennial literary last Tuesday evening, it having been circulated quite extensively that the debate would occur on the quotation, “Resolved, That the cattlemen have a better right to Oklahoma than the boomers.” A large crowd was present. Messrs. John Vandever, Sheridan Teeter, and Rance Holland affirmed; and Loyd Guyser, M. H. Markum, and Monroe Teeter denied. Notwithstanding the fact that John Vandever and his assistants made a good fight for the cattlemen, the opposition downed them for the verdict of the judges.

Messrs. Teeter, King, Burke, and Holland will affirm and deny at next debate the question, “Resolved, That the ladies have more influence in society than the gentlemen.”

Last evening Misses Belle Copeland and Mollie Teeter gave selections in reading and Jessie Browning, Mary Alexander, and Mr. Willis Burke declaimed. Mr. Ed. Byers presented a newsy and sparkling number of the Evening Post.

The election of officers for the ensuing term resulted as follows: M. H. Markum, president; Monroe Teeter, vice-president; Loyd Guyser, secretary; Miss Maggie Teeter, treasurer, and Ed Garrett, editor. The schoolhouse is already too small to accommodate all the visitors from other townships.

Santa Claus visited the Pleasant Valley M. E. church in all his regal splendor and glittering array. A tree thirteen feet high was profusely decorated with presents of every imaginable description for old and young—everybody and anybody. Rev. P. B. Lee was present and among other things received a silver chalice, as did also Messrs. R. W. Anderson and S. Fisher. One gentleman, whose name has slipped our memory, was presented with a live coon. “Mark” was handsomely remembered with a double-back-action, indestructible, never-wear-out eraser and lead pencil sharpener, a charming spittoon (more ornamental than useful, for Santa must have been misinformed in regards to “Mark’s” habits, as the use of tobacco in any shape is not numbered among the vices), a pretty pair of wristlets, and last, but not least, in appreciation, a large box chock full of fine confectionery, containing an unique receipt for taking the contents. The “desired effect” is already experienced, and “Mark” is ready to establish the fact. “Mark” is truly grateful for his presents and wishes that Santa Claus may never grow infirm and needy.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The smiling phiz of Mr. Richardson is again seen on our streets.

L. M. Dalgarn spent vacation at home, his duties as pedagogue commencing again on the 4th.

Tirzah Hoyland spent two days with relatives near Burden last week and was entertained in a pleasant and happy way.

Mrs. T. S. Pixley entertained quite a happy little band of married friends on New Year’s eve and regaled the guests with an excellent supper.

John Cox has traded his stock ranch near Grenola for a $6,000 stock of goods in Colony, Kansas. The Salem young people will miss this quiet businessman and regret his leaving.

Mrs. L. S. Downs will start for Syracuse, Kansas, this week to join her husband in their new home. May happiness and prosperity attend them. They will be missed by their Salem friends, but we presume they will find new ones in their western home.

A. R. Carrol has been seriously troubled for some time with his tonsils, rendering his duties as teacher arduous; and thinking he needed rest, obtained vacation, and went to Winfield. Dr. Emerson relieved him of part of the offending tonsils by quietly and successfully “amputating” them.

Joseph McMillen received a telegram stating his mother had been stricken with paralysis, the second telegram stating that she was dangerously ill, and on Wednesday evening, December 30th, he left his family and took the train for Champaign, Illinois. We hope to hear the good tidings of recovery and the safe and happy return of our estimable neighbor ere long.

Some of our energetic young ladies and gentlemen are working hard in the interest of the Ladies Presbyterian Aid Society, and will give a concert in Salem Hall Wednesday evening, January 13th, the proceeds to go to the society. The program is good and a good time is anticipated. The admittance fee will be 25 cents per couple, 15 cents single ticket, and children less, we presume. Quite a number of the workers are not members of the society, but have kindly volunteered with voice, purse, and talent to help the society, and their help is appreciated. With all shoulders to the wheel, we expect, ere long, to see a pretty church in our little village. Everybody is invited.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Health is good, excepting bad colds.

The blizzards of late have been very hard on stock.

The prospect of a bountiful wheat crop is very flattering.

Rev. Bicknell failed to fill his appointment last Sunday.

Paris Hittle, a young man of Barbour County, is visiting in this locality. He gives the west a good puff.

Our farmers have been very energetic this winter; some of them already have their ground plowed for corn.

The question of voting bonds for the Douglass, Florence and walnut Valley R. R. has created quite an excitement in our neighborhood.

A party of Akron young folks assembled at the residence of J. J. Tribby last Thursday night and spent a few hours in sociability and oyster serving.

“Murphy,” a Telegram correspondent from this point, says that the railroad bonds are likely to be beaten in the township as there is too much strife in regard to locating the depot. So far we agree with him, but he goes on and names the different points, Covert’s farm, Akron and Valley Center schoolhouse, and says that the majority of the people are in favor of the latter named place for the depot. And there is where we disagree with him. We feel perfectly safe in saying that if it was left to a vote of the people, that Akron would poll a fourth more votes than either of the two other points. Come up like men and vote for the bonds—for your welfare and interest, then after we vote the bonds and the company gets ready to build the depot, let us have it where it will do the most good for the community at large. We all know, or ought to know, that we can’t all have the depot on our farms.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Any information as to the whereabouts or the disposition that was made of the following personal property, to-wit: One dark bay mare with light foretop and mane, 11 years old, and a light bay mare with white face and hind feet, one white or partly so at least to the hock, about 15 years old. The harness were old-fashioned and well worn; bridles without blinds. The wagon was what is known as a Star wagon, the tongue having been repainted a dark red and the end gate behind, having a square of a foot or more unpainted where an extra board has been removed. The wagon may have been covered and the whole thing having the appearance of an emigrant outfit. There also may have been a gray colt following the team.

The party in charge and who probably disposed of the outfit was a young man, 23 to 25 years old, 6 feet tall, slender build, weight about 150 pounds, dark hair and dark eyes, sharp, smooth face. He may have had with him a 5-year-old boy with dark hair, low forehead, medium size. He also had three guns, one a Winchester, one common long barrel squirrel rifle, and a single barrel breach loading shot gun, and may have had a trunk and some other articles in the wagon.

This property would have been disposed of some time between the 12th and last part of May, and was seen last near El Dorado, Butler County, Kansas. Anyone knowing of such or any part of such property, or articles being disposed of and to whom sold or traded or the whereabouts of the boy, will be liberally rewarded by notifying H. T. Dodson, Sheriff, Butler County, Kansas. El Dorado, Kansas, Dec. 26, 1885.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

A sample copy of the Weekly Capital and Farmers Journal will be sent free to any address. When writing on a postal card for a sample copy, put on the names of two or three of your neighbors who are newspaper readers or who ought to be. Address Weekly Capital, Topeka, Kansas.

             LOST, STRAYED, OR STOLEN.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

About November 26th, two 3-year-old Mexican steers branded IL on left side. A liberal reward for information leading to their recovery. Address Charles H. Elliott, Post-office, New Salem.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Wanted, by a young man with a small family, a place to work by the month on a farm. Good references. Address “Y,” this office.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Farmers, I want your poultry at once, the highest prices paid. J. P. Baden.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

We want everybody to read the advertisement of A. E. Baird this week. In order to reduce his stock, he has concluded to offer some big bargains this month. He isn’t always advertising at cost and then selling at a good profit. What he advertises is just what he means.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Dairy farm 1½ miles east of Winfield, 320 acres with running water and well. Good house, stables and granaries; 40 acres with rock fence. Suitable tenant can get it for a number of years. Apply at Kirk & Alexander’s mill, Winfield.

             TAKE NOTICE.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The co-partnership heretofore existing under the firm name of Wilkinson & Co., cigar manufacturers, is this day dissolved by mutual consent, George S. Jennings retiring from the business. W. E. Wilkinson will continue at the old stand and assume all liabilities and collect all debts due the firm. W. F. Wilkinson, George S. Jennings, Winfield, Jan. 1st, 1886.

           LEGAL NOTICES.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Recap Notice of Garnishment, J. F. McMullen, Plaintiff’s Attorney, Attest, J. E. Snow, Justice of the Peace. Wm. L. Blair, plaintiff, vs. Jos. W. Timmons and Jonathan Duncan, defendants, garnishment to recover $100 and 12% interest per annum from March 26, 1885, to be heard on January 29, 1886.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Recap Notice of Garnishment, J. F. McMullen, Plaintiff’s Attorney. Attest, J. E. Snow, Justice of the Peace. John A. Eaton, plaintiff, vs. Jos. W. Timmons, defendant, garnishment to recover $64.10 and 12% interest per annum from June 7, 1885, to be heard on January 29, 1886.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Recap Notice of Garnishment, J. F. McMullen, Plaintiff’s Attorney, Attest, J. E. Snow, Justice of the Peace. John A. Eaton, plaintiff, vs. Jos. W. Timmons, Jonathan Duncan, and A. D. McHague, defendants, garnishment to recover $171 and 12% interest per annum from July 23, 1885, to be heard on January 29, 1886.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Recap Summons by Publication. Hackney & Asp, Attorneys for plaintiff. Elmira Only, plaintiff, vs. Joseph Only, defendant. Divorce petition, to be handled February 18, 1887.


                  The President’s Paw Takes the Paws of Six Thousand Persons Without Pause.

The Record Lowered.—Thirty-four Hand Shakes a Minute on the Second Wind.

              Great Reception at the White House of Foreign and Home Notabilities on

New Year’s Day.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

WASHINGTON, January 2. For the first time in several years New Year’s day dawned clear and beautiful. The hoar frost was soon dissipated by the rising sun, and long before noon the temperature was like that of a spring day. The occasion was observed here as in former years by general calling. Business was suspended to a considerable extent, and all the executive departments were closed. At the entrance to the White House grounds, two policemen kept back a crowd of curious idlers who gazed with interest at the handsome equipages of the diplomatic corps, high officials of the Government, and other distinguished persons. Mounted policemen kept the carriage approach clear. A long line of officers formed on either side of the doorway to the executive mansion. The Marine band occupied the main vestibule and discoursed familiar airs during the progress of the ceremony. The decorations of the mansion were exceedingly simple, being confined to tasteful floral arrangements. Graceful palms and rare tropical plants were in profusion and bouquets of great size and harmonious colors stood on the center tables and delicate garlands of smilax entwined the crystal chandeliers.

                 THE PRESIDENTIAL PARTY.

At eleven o’clock, to the accompaniment of “Hail to the Chief” by the Marine band, the Presidential party appeared in the reception room and took their station in the blue parlor. Mrs. Bayard leaned upon the arm of the President; Secretary Bayard escorted Miss Cleveland, and the remaining members of the Cabinet followed with their ladies, Secretary Lamar being the only absentee. Colonel Wilson preceded them and Lieutenant Duvall, with Miss Bayard, brought up the rear. The ladies stood in this order on the President’s right. Miss Cleveland, Mrs. Bayard, Mrs, Manning, Mrs. Whitney, and Mrs. Vilas. Owing to a severe cold, Mrs. Endicott was not present.


During the diplomatic reception the Secretary of State stood at the left of the President to introduce the members of the Foreign Legations. Colonel Wilson, Commissioner of Public Buildings and Grounds, stood between the President and Miss Cleveland and introduced the diplomats and their families to her. The following countries were represented: Portugal, Great Britain, Belgium, China, Austria, Mexico, Russia, France, Switzerland, Turkey, Spain, Peru, Costa Rica, and Salvador, the Netherlands, Ecuador, Germany, the United States of Colombia, Japan, Norway and Sweden, the Argentine Republic, Brazil, Denmark, and Venezuela. All the members of the diplomatic corps, except those who represent republics on this continent, were in their court uniforms. When all of them had been presented, Colonel Wilson took Secretary Bayard’s place and introduced all the other official classes at the members of each arrived before the President, while Lieutenant Duvall, of the army, made the introductions to Miss Cleveland.


The reception of the members of the Supreme Court and the Court of Claims followed. Of the former there were present Chief Justice Waite and Justices Blatchford, Harlan, Bradley, Gray, Woods, Miller, Fields, and Strong, accompanied by the ladies of their families. Accompanying the Justices were Judge Bancroft Davis and Mr. and Mrs. J. H. McKenney. The Court of Claims was represented by Chief Justice Richardson, and Justices Knott and Davis. The Supreme Court of the District was represented by Judges MacArthur, Hayes, Cox, Merrick, and James. Commissioner Webb and Major Lydecker represented the District Commissioners. As the visitors passed through the receiving parlors, they congregated in the east room and mingled in animated conversation.


The Senators and Representatives began to arrive early. Among the Senators were Sherman, Logan, Cockrell, Hawley, Miller, Dolph, Cameron, Coke, Cullom, Manderson, Sabin, Brown, and George. Among the Representatives were Speaker Carlisle and Messrs. Randall, Ketcham, Farquhar, Seymour, Willis, Catchem, Brown of Pennsylvania, Struble, Taylor of Tennessee, Barksdale, Cabell, O’Donnell, Barbour, Van Eaton, Thompson, Mattson, Ward, Morrison, LeFevre, Scott, Swope, Payson, Fuller, Fredericks, Conger, Stone, Davis, Stewart, Breckenridge, Reagan, Townshend, Springer, Singleton, Bragg, Weaver, Boutelle, Blanchard, Haynes, Orth, Waite, Caswell, Butler, Williams, Henderson, Geddes, Steele, Cole, Clements, Gibson, Wilson, and Delegate Caine. Most of the Congressmen had their wives or other ladies with them. Mr. Kasson represented the ex-Ministers. Senator Sherman was the only ex-Cabinet officer noticed.


At a few minutes to twelve o’clock, a long line of army officers wended their way from the War Department across the way. The line numbered nearly three hundred. Although only forty officers are stationed in this city, between seventy and eighty retired officers reside in Washington, and all who were able to be present were in line. Besides those from the different bureaus of the War Department, the barracks, and Fort Myer, a number came over from Fort McHenry to pay their respects, and the force was largely increased by the number on leave, who are stopping here temporarily. General Sheridan, of course, headed the line, accompanied by his personal staff. Adjutant General Drum followed with the officers of the Adjutant General’s department. Then in order came the officers of the corps of engineers, headed by Colonel McComb, retired; the signal corps, headed by General Hazen, cavalry, artillery, infantry, medical corps, and pay corps. There was no intermission between the army and navy receptions. The line of naval officers followed in the footsteps of army officers. It was headed by Admiral Porter, and by his side walked Admiral Warden. Following came the different Chiefs of Bureaus of the Navy Department and many other naval officers of prominence. In fact, like the army, the navy was represented by nearly every officer who is at present in Washington.

               NEW OFFICIALS.

The new officials from the various departments were nearly all present. The Civil Service Commissioners, Edgerton, Trenholm, and Eaton, and Commissioner of Education Eaton and Prof. Baird, followed by Prof. Powell and all the heads of the specific departments led in this procession. Then followed all the heads of bureaus in the departments who are Presidential appointees. Assistant Secretary Fairchild led the Treasury officials.


The Mexican Veterans Association was well represented, the members numbering about sixty, filed in, and paid their respects to the President. Following them came the oldest inhabitants, numbering about fifty. Their appearance was venerable and impressive. The G. A. R. delegation followed. The pleasant weather served to bring out one of the largest New Year’s representations for many years. Members were in line according to their posts and numbered about 1,000 in all. They were admitted through the west gates of the avenue, and before the line had finished coming up the walk the front portion was going through the eastern gate, having passed through the White House. Many colored men, many of them maimed, were included in the ranks of this organization.


The gates were not opened to the general public until after the Grand Army reception was completed. The crowd of waiting citizens was immense. It extended from the eastern gate in a solid mass far down the avenue, occupying the middle of the street. When the time arrived for the general reception, the gates were opened and the line passed through the White House. Notwithstanding the immense crowd, the best of order prevailed and everything passed off in the smoothest possible manner. During the reception all the parlors except the east room were darkened and when the diplomats, the army and navy and other officials entered the beautiful room, the effect was most brilliant. The sun shone brightly through the southern windows and the splendid landscape viewed from them added no little to the charming scene. It is estimated that over 6,000 people shook hands with the President. The President lowered the record of handshaking considerably. In eight minutes he shook the hands of 974 persons, or about thirty-four a minute. The highest number previously greeted by a President on New Year’s day was by General Grant, when he grasped the hands of twenty-eight persons a minute for thirteen minutes.


Fraud and Downright Robbery Practiced on the Lancaster National Bank of

           Clinton, Massachusetts.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

CLINTON, MASS., January 2. The Lancaster National Bank of this city closed its doors Thursday night after an examination of the books by the directors. President W. H. McNeil is missing and has not been heard from since Tuesday, when he was in Lowell, whence he started ostensibly for Boston. He is charged with having used the bank’s money for speculative enterprises in which he was interested and which do not furnish sufficient security. The directors, Messrs. Hatchilder, Hosmer, Gardner, Russell, and Page, together with Bank Examiner Mitchell, who came to Clinton today, have been hard at work on the books all day. The directors seemed depressed and are exceedingly reticent. Cashier Forester expresses himself very plainly and his condemnation of President McNeil’s financiering is unmistakable. He says the latter, since his elevation to the Presidency of the bank last January, has invested the bank’s funds according to his own inclinations. His operations have at times been far from straight. At the present time the bank holds the paper of the Low Cattle Company of Wyoming to the amount of $30,060. So far as can be learned, the deposits amount to over $300,000, and according to statements from a quarter supposed to be reliable, President McNeil has appropriated this amount. The belief prevails that the examination of the books of the bank will develop startling features. McNeil has not been heard from since Tuesday last. It is said that a resident of Clinton saw him in Nashua, New York, last Wednesday. Nothing further regarding the real condition of the bank’s finances will be known for a day or two, and possibly not then. Bank Examiner Mitchell says he is determined to sift the matter thoroughly.


WORCHESTER, MASS., January 2. One of the directors of the Lancaster National Bank at Clinton is authority for the statement that McNeil, the missing President, was at the bank Tuesday night, when he took from the vault $6,000 in bank notes, $1,000 in gold, a large amount of stock in the Rutland, Vermont, Marble Company, supposed to be about $30,000, and a lot of paper signed by himself and held by the bank, it is thought, about $3,000 worth. There was in the vault considerable money belonging to the defunct Lancaster Savings Bank, of which McNeil was one of the receivers, a good portion of which is said to be missing.


BOSTON, MASS., January 2. Bank Examiner Curry said today that McNeil was one of the three receivers of the Lancaster Savings Bank, which had been put under an injunction ten years ago; and that $72,000 belonging to that institution was deposited in the national bank. Mr. Curry said that both he and Commissioner Getchell had some suspicions that McNeil was speculating. A petition for a 7½ per cent dividend was presented to the Supreme Court last Tuesday by the receivers of the savings bank and the final accounts and books of the receivers have been turned over for examination.


The Cherokee Nation Strongly Opposed to the Opening of the Territory to

              White Settlement.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

LITTLE ROCK, ARK., January 2. Advices from Indian Territory say that the bills introduced in Congress proposing to allot land in severalty to the Indians in the Territory and open up the country to settlement are creating much excitement among the Cherokees. The National Council prior to adjournment adopted resolutions expressing the settlement of the Cherokee people as follows:

WHEREAS, The Cherokee Nation holds possession of her lands by fee simple title, and cannot be deprived of the same but by her voluntary consent given by her constitutional law making authority, therefore,

Resolved, That all that portion of the Cherokee lands lying west of the ninety-sixth meridian and which have not been conveyed by patent under authority of law are in whole and in part the property of the Cherokee Nation, have never been ceded in trust to the United States, and that the sixteenth article of the treaty of 1866 merely gives the United States the right to settle friendly Indians on portions of the same.

Resolved, That the United States has not now, and never had, any right to appraise, take, or purchase any unoccupied portion of these lands, or to appraise any unoccupied portion, or acquire any right therein, save by and with the consent of the Council of the Cherokee Nation, Further,

Resolved, That the Cherokee Nation does not authorize the sale of any of her lands for white settlement for any purpose.

The Creeks and Seminoles are reported favorable to the settlement of their lands, but it is probable measures will be taken to unite the three tribes to opposition.


Italians Have a Fight with Women for the Possession of a Coffin.

The Women Whip Their Opponents and Hold the Wake.—A Teamster Murdered.

An Indiana Druggist Kills His Would-be Murderer With the Latter’s Pistol.

A Fatal Fight.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

NEW YORK, December 31. A Coroner’s Jury in Newark today decided that the killing of Bartley Rice by Policeman Banner was accidental. Banner testified that he was trying to arrest Rice, who had been accused of stealing two kegs of beer, and that after calling on him to halt, had fired his pistol at the ground and to the left of Rice, but with fatal effect. Before the inquest was concluded, preparations were being made to receive the corpse of Rice, and to hold a funeral. Mary Anderson, a good hearted colored woman, who lives over Polito’s saloon, tendered the use of her apartments to Mrs. Rice, and made all the arrangements for holding a wake at night. It was from Polito’s saloon that Rice was accused of stealing beer. The Italians were much exercised when they heard that Rice’s body was coming to the house and prepared to resist its entrance. Word was passed along the street, and the saloon was soon packed with Italians, all gesticulating and talking at once. None of the Italians resisted the progress of the undertaker’s assistants as they carried the coffin up the narrow and rickety stairway. As soon as the wagon was driven away, however, the Italians took courage and crowded upstairs to Mrs. Anderson’s room, where the coffin rested on stools, and was surrounded by five women and two young men. One of the intruders, who spoke English, demanded that the coffin be taken into the yard, whereupon his comrades rushed into the room and attempted to seize it. The stout colored woman tried to bar the way, but she was roughly thrown into a corner and the Italians seized the coffin, from which the lid had been removed. As they started for the door with it, the two men and five women grappled with them and a fierce struggle ensued. The coffin was carried backward and forward in the melee and the women were getting the best of the half-hearted intruders, when Polito said something in Italian and a rush was made towards the window. The women were taken by surprise, and before they could make any resistance, the head of the coffin was driven through the sash and protruded into the street. A shower of glass fell upon the heads of the interested spectators below. Fully three hundred persons, mostly Italians and of both sexes, were massed in front of the house, and a wild cheer went up from their throats as the coffin appeared. It was only a moment in sight before the plucky women in the room were reinforced by several young friends of Rice, who drove out the Italians and guarded the corpse until the police reserve arrived in its wagon. Two policemen were then left to guard the doors of the apartments and peace reigned. The wake was held last night without opposition.


GALLATIN, Mo., December 31. A terrible murder occurred here last night. A teamster from Iowa, who had been working here for some time past was missed and as it was feared that he had met with foul play, a search was instigated. Last evening a colored man came to town and said he had seen an old hat, covered with blood, near an old disused well in the outskirts of the town. An excited crowd with grab-hooks went there and pulled the teamster out of the well, terribly bruised and disfigured. The man was about forty-five years old, and his son, who is about twenty, recognized the dead body of his father. It was known that he had about one hundred and thirty dollars on his person. Inquiries were made as to the parties last seen with him, developing the fact that two disreputable characters, Joseph Jump and John Smith, were last seen in his company. Jump was arrested just as he was on a train leaving the city. He had purchased a new suit, and had paid thirty dollars for it. He denies, however, having any money, but sixty dollars in bills was found in the lining of his hat. A very excited crowd followed the prisoner to the jail, and it was feared at one time that a lynching party was on tapis, but the fever heat cooled down and the law will be allowed to take its course. Smith has also been arrested.


INDIANAPOLIS, IND., December 31. Luther Cline, druggist at Board Ripple, the first station seven miles out on the Chicago Air Line, succeeded after a desperate contest in killing today one of two desperadoes who had attacked him and his wife, just after closing his store for the night. After obtaining admittance, one of them decoyed Cline into his store. The other passed to the family room where the wife was sitting. Cline, as he reached the store, looked back and saw his wife struggling with villain No. 2, who was apparently choking her to death, and as Cline attempted to go to her assistance, villain No. 1 shot him in the head and then closed with him, grabbing him around the neck and shooting a second time, which fortunately missed him. The contest then grew hot and desperate, each trying for the mastery, until Cline succeeded in securing the pistol. He then shot his assailant through the head, killing him instantly. His accomplice fled. The dead man is a low, dark, heavy-set fellow, perhaps twenty-eight years old. The people are aroused and scouring the neighborhood for the escaped scoundrel. Cline is shot in the lower part of the head, the ball passing in under the mouth.

            FATAL FIGHT.

EVANSVILLE, IND., December 31. At about twelve o’clock last night William Weisling, eighteen years of age, was killed in a fight between two rival factions. Weisling was engaged in a fisticuff with John Emsbach, when John Busch, a cousin of Emsbach, came up and struck Weisling on the head with the heavy end of a gun barrel, fracturing his skull and felling him to the ground. The fight was soon ended by the approach of police and Weisling went home to bed. About an hour later he complained of his head, and told his mother of the affray. Physicians were summoned, but he grew worse rapidly and died about 2:30. The police were informed of the affair and at four o’clock had Busch and four companions under arrest. Busch claims the act was done in self-defense.


MARSHALL, ILL, December 31. Maggie, the oldest daughter of S. S. Whitehead, a prominent lawyer of this city and editor of the Eastern Illinoisan, eloped yesterday with John Wallace, a printer who had been working in her father’s office for some time past. They stated their intention of going to Chicago. The young lady’s mother followed them to Terre Haute, but could not find them.


            Ferry’s Mammoth Seed Warehouse at Detroit Licked Up by Flames.

Also White’s Theater and Other Buildings.—A Fire Captain Killed.

The Total Loss Over $1,500,000.—Suspicions of Incendiarism.

Four Hundred Employees Thrown Out.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

DETROIT, MICH., January 2. Shortly after nine o’clock yesterday morning smoke was observed coming from D. M. Ferry & Co.’s mammoth building on Brush street, between Croghan and Lafayette streets. An alarm was quickly turned in, a second and third alarm following in quick succession, there being promise of a big conflagration in the heart of the business part of the city. The fire department turned out in force and surrounded the burning building with hose. The flames had started in the packing department on the corner of Lafayette and Brush streets and soon enveloped the whole building, which was a mere shell, having one solid wall inside of the outer wall. Bravely and intelligently the firemen kept at work, but all efforts seemed futile, the flames spreading rapidly until at one time there seemed a possibility of the whole district in which the burning building is situated being destroyed. Buildings on the opposite sides of Brush and Croghan streets caught a number of times, but the department


from totally destroying them. Across the alley from D. M. Berry & Co.’s building, in the same square, facing on Randolph street, were White’s Grand Theater and the Wesson block, and a smaller building used as a restaurant. The flames leaped across the alley and began to eat into the theater. First the roof caught and soon fell with a terrible crash, firing the whole interior of the building after driving away the men who had been working on the Ferry block, through the windows of the theater. The crashing of the window glass was the signal for increased fury by the flames, which seemed to laugh at the efforts of the firemen. An immense crowd blocked the streets in every direction, and at times were in the way of the department. By ten o’clock the Ferry block was a mass of flames and the walls had commenced to fall, creating something of a panic among the throng of idle spectators. Numerous narrow escapes occurred among the firemen, who worked close to the flames, wrapped in repeatedly soaked but rapidly drying clothes. By 10:30 White’s Theater had been consumed and by eleven o’clock the firemen were compelled to turn their attention to saving the buildings on the opposite side of Randolph street, although still keeping numerous streams of water playing on the burning building. At eleven o’clock the men of No. 3 Fire Company raised a ladder in front of the theater to get a better chance at the flames. Finding that the rapidly advancing fire would prevent any effective work at that part, the men were descending the ladder and had about reached the ground when


on the ladder wagon. Captain Richard Philbert was struck on the head by the bricks and instantly killed, and Fireman White was badly but not fatally injured. Soon after the fire spread to the Wesson block on the corner of Randolph and Croghan streets, and that building was soon enveloped in flames. Although the buildings across Croghan street were threatened and caught fire once or twice, the department managed to keep it within the square named, and by twelve o’clock it was fully under control. During the worst of the fire the wind had been from the south and the single building on the corner of Lafayette and Randolph streets was not seriously injured, but all the rest of the square was a total loss. The burned district belonged to what is known as the Brush estate, having been the site of the old Brush homestead. D. M. Ferry & Co. built their mammoth establishment six years ago. White’s Theater was originally built to accommodate the Peninsular Saengerbund, a Michigan off-shoot of the North American Saengerbund. The company was organized in 1880, and the Music Hall was built at that time, being opened with a festival August 30, 1880. D. M. Ferry & Co.’s building occupied half of the square, being one of the largest in the city. Their seed business was probably the largest in the United States. In the building burned yesterday, 400 people were usually employed, besides 400 more employed on their immense farms outside of the city.


It was providential that the fire occurred on a holiday, as otherwise the loss of life would have probably been very great. Definite figures of the loss cannot be given, but the total will reach not much less than $1,500,000. The stock of D. M. Ferry & Co.’s building is estimated to have been worth from $1,000,000 to $1,200,000, and their building was valued at $250,000. As to the origin of the fire, there are no well devised theories. Some of the employees hint at incendiarism, claiming that there were no fires in the part of the building first attacked by the flames and that some outside agency must have been responsible for the fire. Officers of the company are completely at a loss to account for the origin of the fire. Neighboring buildings were damaged, but the figures and insurance could not be obtained. Insurance amounted to about $500,000.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

LYNN, MASS., January 2. Mr. and Mrs. Guildford were arrested today, charged with having performed an illegal operation on Sadie E. Taylor, thirteen years of age, a factory girl, from the effects of which she has since died. Charles E. Ames, a married man and well known citizen of West Lynn, was also arrested. A search warrant served at the home of the Guildfords this morning revealed to the police an extensive assortment of instruments used in criminal malpractice. The most important evidence against the accused comes from a young woman whom the police found at the home of the Guildfords. She said she went to the house a few days ago and had been operated upon several times. She said she knew of the Taylor case. The Guildfords have been in Lynn for six or seven years past. A few months ago the police had Mrs. Guildford under arrest, charged with malpractice and causing the death of Mrs. Annie Dyer, but there was not sufficient evidence to sustain the charge.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

LONDON, January 2. The British steamer Sidonian, Captain Crawford, from Leghorn for New York, has been sunk off Syracuse, Sicily, by collision with the Italian steamer, Malta. The Sidonian’s passengers, crew, and valuables were saved.


  Considerable Falling Off in Business of the Southwestern Railway Association.

Kansas and Nebraska Farmers Not Moving Corn Very Much.—Railroad Taxation.

The Reading Railroad Crawling Out of the Mud.

          Railroad Scalpers.—Building in Texas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

CHICAGO, January 1. The Times says: The business of the Southwestern Railway Association will show a notable falling off last year as compared with previous years. The decrease from previous year’s statement will aggregate nearly $2,000,000. This is not an unexpected state of facts, as the tendency to a decline in through earnings has been apparent and steady during the twelve months past. As the railway lines members of the association have been singularly free from the troubles and losses entailed by rate wars, the business of the association can be taken in a degree as a measure of the business of the country tributary to the roads. Barring out some diversion of freight in the way of packing-house products and corn to the South by way of Memphis, the traffic has flowed in its original channels, and its diminished volume is due to natural causes. The total failure of the wheat crop cut off that source of earnings, and what in former years was a profitable tonnage has this year been reduced to nothing. Great expectations were built up on the splendid crop of corn in Kansas and Southern Nebraska, and it was supposed that by this time a large movement would be in progress, but with corn selling for forty cents a bushel or less in this market, there is not much margin for profit to the Kansas farmer. By the time he has hauled it to the station, paid local rates to the Missouri River and through rates to Chicago, his corn realizes from ten cents to sixteen cents per bushel. As a consequence, he refuses to sell, and the roads are hauling little or no corn. The livestock traffic also shows a big falling off, and this in the face of the fact that the receipts at Kansas City are above the average. This is explained by the fact that the stock is being shipped to local points in Missouri and Iowa to winter, and while the roads get local rates on the short hauls, it does not show up in the association earnings. About the only redeeming feature has been the lumber traffic, which has grown steadily, and, owing to the pool started on the business in April last, the revenue has been large and profitable. Merchandise has gone forward in fair volume. This month the west-bound will exceed the east-bound movement, a novel fact in the history of the association.


LITTLE ROCK, ARK., January 1. The Little Rock & Fort Smith Railroad, Little Rock Junction Railroad, and Little Rock, Mississippi River & Texas Railroad Companies yesterday filed bills in chancery to enjoin the collection of taxes under the assessment law as provided by the last Legislature. The Legislature passed a general revenue law in which it was provided that the Governor, Auditor, and Secretary of State should constitute a Board of Railroad Commissioners, who should, on the first Monday in April of each year, ascertain the value of all railroad property in the State. The law also provides that before the time mentioned above the officials of each road should submit to the board a sworn statement of the value of the road under their charge. Last March these statements, as provided, were submitted to Governor Hughes. Auditor Piles, and Secretary of State Moore, who, after examining the said sworn statements, raised the value in most instances. Just why the value given was raised by the board is not yet fully developed. In the complaint above mentioned, it is asserted the board included in their valuation the value of embankments, bridges, and trestles, which was contrary to law. The law referred to makes no provision for an extra valuation for bridges, embankments, and trestles, but, as the case has not come to trial, nor has the board answered the complaint, it is impossible to give an outline of the defense.

                 THE READING RAILROAD.

PHILADELPHIA, PA., January 1. A secret meeting of general mortgage bondholders of the Reading Railroad Company, representing $8,000,000, was held in this city yesterday. Five millions of this amount belong in New York and $3,000,000 in this city. The consultation lasted four hours, and it is understood that large New York interests have now positively agreed to cooperate with the Philadelphia committee. This presents a solid front of holders of between $7,000,000 and $8,000,000 of general mortgage bonds who will hereafter act in harmony, and it is expected that before the end of the week several millions more will be added to the list from parties who have the matter under consideration. The gentlemen present at the conference yesterday declined to give any information as to the line of policy agreed upon except to say that they unanimously agreed that they would not accept the plan of the reorganization trustees, tendering them a 3 per cent bond and preferred stock for their 6 per cent and 7 per cent bonds. This union of the general mortgage interests will probably prove to be the most important yet made with reference to the future settlement of the Reading muddle.


NEW YORK, January 1. The war declared by the passenger agents of the railroad companies against ticket scalpers was carried into effect today by the refusal of the companies to sell tickets to independent dealers. The scalpers claim that the refusal was illegal, the railroads being common carriers, and bound to sell tickets to all applicants.


CHARLESTON, W. VA., January 1. The Ohio Central Railroad, which was recently sold, has been changed in name to the Kanawha & Ohio Railroad, but as yet no official notification to that effect has been made. All the offices of the road have been removed here. Colonel Sharp, who is at the head of the road, is making preparations to push to completion this division as far as Ganley, where it will connect with the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad.

            TEXAS RAILROADS.

COLORADO, TEX., January 1. It is currently reported here that work on the extension of the Gulf, Colorado & Santa Fe Railroad, from Coleman, to this place, will commence January 15, and that the work will be pushed through rapidly, making the connection with the Texas & Pacific at this place by July 1, 1886.


NEW YORK, January 1. At a meeting of Trunk Line Passenger Agents today a temporary division of the emigrant business was agreed upon, and the establishment of a joint ticket office at Castle Garden. The application of the New York & New England Railroad to become a member of the Boston Association was referred to that association.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Frederick Schnell, aged twenty-four years, a German living near Amsterdam, swallowed his upper false teeth at dinner. They lodged in the esophagus above its opening into the stomach and persistently resisted all efforts on the part of the local physician for the removal. The unfortunate man was brought to the Albany City Hospital, and unsuccessful attempts were made to dislodge the obstruction and remove it by the mouth with forceps. This attempt was followed by profuse hemorrhage, and it was then decided to abandon any idea of recovering the teeth by the route they had taken. Accordingly Drs. Van Derveer, Ward, and Hailes proceeded to make an incision on the left of the patient’s neck about five inches long, beside and behind the trachea or windpipe to the esophagus, which was then opened, and from which the rubber plate, with its teeth attached, was removed. The opening was then closed with wire sutures, and the physicians hope for the entire recovery of the patient. The operation was a very delicate one, involving the necessity of careful scalpel work in that network of nerves and blood vessels bordering the esophageal canal.


             School Children Fired At By a School Director.—An Assassin Recognized.

An Innocent Candy Seller Mistaken For a Murderer.—Killed in Dakota.

Characteristic Occurrence in a Frontier Saloon.

Fears of Lynching a Couple of Murderers.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

KINMUNDY, ILL., January 2. Lacy, school director in Meacham township, six miles east of here, went to a cornfield adjoining the schoolhouse with a shotgun, secreted himself behind a shock of corn, and when the scholars came out at recess, he deliberately fired at them. Owing to the rail and a hedge fence, none of the pupils were hurt. He then loaded his gun and went to the schoolhouse, where the teacher, Miss Moore, inquired of him what he meant by shooting at the scholars. He said, “By         , I mean to kill some of them!” The scholars were badly frightened. He remained some time, but did no harm. The cause is attributed to very bad feeling on the part of Lacy towards his neighbors and the children, he thinking that they are annoying him unnecessarily. There has been a feud in that neighbor-hood for the last twelve months. The citizens are much excited and have not yet decided what course to pursue.


CAIRO, ILL., January 2. In 1878 a party of masked men attacked a house located near Paducah, occupied by several negroes, which resulted in the death of two of the latter, and the serious wounding of four others. Ellis Hunt, the house owner and keeper, was seriously wounded, his mother and little daughter being instantly killed by pistol shots. The attack was incomprehensible, as the negroes were well known and harmless, and bore good reputations. It was believed, however, that the assault was by white men, who wished the negroes to remove from the locality. Hunt claimed to have recognized a man named Stice, as one of the assaulting party, and on his evidence the man was indicted for murder. He skipped in time to avoid arrest and was not heard of until yesterday, when he returned to Paducah, was recognized, and promptly arrested. He will be tried today before Judge Lee on a writ of habeas corpus.


DALLAS, TEX., January 2. Captain J. H. Levito, the Sheriff of Winnebago County, Iowa, arrived with a requisition from Governor Sherman for the extradition of Bert Yates, who is wanted for the murder of John Breen, at Lake Mills, September 16, 1884. On Christmas Eve Detective Whitten arrested on N. A. Comer, a candy seller here, believing him to be Yates. Comer was inspected by the authorities, and the County Attorney, believing that he was not the man wanted, discharged him. On arriving yesterday, the Iowa Sheriff for the first time learned that he had been led into making a wild goose chase. He said: “There is a reward of $1,100 offered for the arrest of Yates. My attention was first attracted this way by a telegram letting me know that Yates was here and asking me to bring along the reward and extradition papers at once.”


DEVIL’S LAKE, D. T., January 2. At 10:15 last night William Oswald, a notorious character, murdered Patrick McWheeney, one of the early settlers. Oswald had been drinking, and as is his usual habit at such times, he flourished a bulldog pistol around freely, firing one shot at a piano player in a saloon. A few minutes later McWheeney entered the saloon and Oswald addressed him in abusive language, which McWheeney repelled. Oswald, it is claimed, struck McWheeney on the check with the butt end of his revolver, whereupon McWheeney knocked his assailant down. In the act of rising, Oswald drew his revolver and fired four shots at McWheeney in quick succession. The second shot penetrated his chest between the fourth and fifth ribs on the left side, three inches below the heart. McWheeney was unable to speak and died in five minutes. Oswald was arrested.

                 THE GADSTONE MURDER.

CHILLICOTHE, Mo, January 2. Constable Gab W. Cox, assisted by E. C. Weston, of Gallatin, were compelled to spirit the murderers of Mr. Gadstone, Joseph Jump, and Jno. Smith, via team to Hamilton and thence here to avoid their being lynched. Joseph Jump took the check amounting to $110.50 to the Citizens Bank and had it cashed, receiving $193.00, and purchased a new suit, a hat, and a ticket to Cameron. He was arrested at the depot as the south bound train was leaving.


LITTLE ROCK, ARK., January 2. Advices from the Indian Territory say that Fred and Jeff Ward and William Saunders got into a quarrel while traveling along the road to Ashamingo. Saunders shot Jeff Ward, who fell from his horse mortally wounded. Saunders fled, pursued by Fred Ward, who overtook him and riddled him with bullets.

                     A DEMENTED DUDE.

A Young Man of Good Family Running About Like a Crazy Cat.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

ST. LOUIS, January 2. There has been stopping at the Planters’ for some time a young man of good family, whose mind has become impaired, and who is given to peculiar freaks. He would stand in one spot sometimes for hours and again would rush about with the speed of a steam engine though never violent in his talk. He took delight too, it seemed, in leaving his coat, hat, and vest behind him. Until yesterday he was never restrained in any way. In the forenoon he raced about the office and at dinner rushed through the dining room and nearly into the kitchen before stopped and seated. He soon arose from the table, went into the corridor, and took off his coat and vest, and was out on the fire escape in the twinkling of an eye. A porter who knew the unfortunate man was sent for, but as soon as he saw him coming, he closed the window and started up the ladder. He was persuaded to come down, and later was taken away from the hotel by relatives.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

NEW YORK, January 2. Advices from Chili state that a national convention is in progress there today called for the purpose of electing a President of that Republic. The convention is being held in San Diego and it is believed that General Coldinan would be the successful candidate. The Government of Chili and its laws governing the election of an Executive are similar in most respects to those of the United States. Just at the present time all parties in Chili are united, owing to the success which crowned their army in the war against Peru, and the result of the convention will virtually settle the election.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Peter B. Sweeney, notorious in the Tweed regime, returned the other day to New York.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Brigham Hampton, convicted of conspiracy at Salt Lake, was sentenced to the maximum penalty under the law, one year in the county jail.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The Pope was reported about to issue an energetic protest to the French Government because of the alleged persecutions of priests and the Church in France.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

An order has been received from Commissioner Fink to reduce the rates on live sheep from St. Louis to New York to 50 cents. This is a reduction from 45 and 80 cents, respectively.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The Archbishop of Canterbury has imparted to the Bishops of the Church of England a scheme for church reform. Lord Salisbury will approve the measure if the Bishops approve it after considering it in private sittings.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

An Orange mob recently attacked two of the released Riverhead (Newfoundland) prisoners and fatally wounded them. There was great excitement in Harbor Grace and crowds were occupying the streets and a riot was anticipated.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

British troops recently attacked the Arabs near Kosch. A heavy engagement followed, resulting in the defeat of the Arabs and capture of their position. The British and Egyptian loss amounted to about fifty killed and wounded.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Secretary Edge visited the farm of Henry S. Rish, near West Willow, Pa., and inspected the herd of cattle suffering from pleuro-pneumonia. One cow was killed and the other thirty-four inoculated. Other herds in Pennsylvania were also reported infected.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The Kentucky Legislature convened at Frankfort, Ky., on the 30th and elected the following officers: Speaker, Charles Offutt, of Bourbon County; Clerk of the House, Green Kellar, of Nicholas County; Doorkeeper, Robert Tyler, of Gradis; Clerk of the Senate, Harry Glenn, of Carlisle.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The Rangers who have been in pursuit of the hostiles have returned to Duncan, Arizona. They report that while on the trail of the hostiles, the Indian scouts refused to follow it and defied the officer in command to compel them to obey his orders. The chase had to be abandoned and the troops returned without accomplishing anything.


Vermont Men Exchange Shots and One is Coffined and the Other Confined.

An Honored and Esteemed Citizen of Texas Arrested for an Old Homicide.

Arrest of a Man Discovered Washing Blood Stains in Austin, Texas.

Crime in Cincinnati.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

JOHNSBURG, VT., December 30. Edgar Hayes and Walter Hadley, of Lindonville, Monday night exchanged half a dozen shots, and Hayes was killed. There had long been a feud between the two men, growing out of Hayes’ allegations that Hadley had destroyed the happiness of his home. Hayes’ jealousy had caused his wife to leave him several times. Monday night he went in search of her. The two men had threatened to kill each other. Meeting on the road, they drew pistols. Hayes fired the first shot and Hadley almost instantly responded. Hayes missed his mark and Hadley’s shot took effect. Five more shots were fired and then Hayes fell to the ground and Hadley fled. Three bullets were in Hayes’ body, and he died within an hour. Hadley went to the house of a constable and surrendered. He said he fired in self defense. The two men used to be excellent friends. There was so much excitement in Lindonville over the affair that the State’s Attorney deemed it prudent to order the removal of Hadley to this place, where an examination will be held today. The dead man leaves a wife and several children. Hadley is twenty-six years old and unmarried.


LONGVIEW, TEX., December 30. Colonel H. F. Alston, one of the most esteemed and honored gentlemen of this county, was arrested yesterday afternoon by Sheriff John T. Rankin, of Fayette County, for the murder of a man in that county on the day of the election of the first Governor of Texas. The following is a summary of Colonel Alston’s statement.

The affair grew out of a lawsuit which had been decided in Alston’s favor in the lower court, and on its appeal, the decision was sustained. This so incensed the man who was killed that on election day he and his overseer attacked Alston, the former with a pistol, the latter with a dirk. While endeavoring to pull a revolver, it caught in near his suspender and Alston shot him through the heart, and turning, he stopped the Overseer with a bullet in his leg. He begged for life and the Colonel ceased shooting.



AUSTIN, TEX., December 30. A white man giving the name of J. Q. Ecols was arrested last evening at his house about seven miles from the city, above Mount Bonnet, and on the opposite side of the river. The arrest was made by Sheriff Homsby and Officer Connors upon a telephone message from Taylor’s lime kiln, that he had been seen washing bloody clothes. He was brought to the city and lodged in jail. It is said he has been a wood-hauler in this city. He claims his clothes were colored by pecan stains and he was washing them with red socks. A piece of paper in a memorandum book, however, has an undoubted fresh stain of blood on it, and altogether the circumstances are very suspicious against him. His shirt is considerably stained on the bosom and his drawers are slightly red colored at the lower ends. Those who saw him washing his clothes assert that they were really bloody. A critical examination of the stains will be made, probably tomorrow.


READING, PA., December 30. An eloping couple, R. G. Haight and Ida Reese, were captured at Allentown last evening and brought here this morning. Mr. Haight boarded at the Union House, this city, for several weeks, and took enthusiastically to the skating rink, where he met Miss Reese, a young and rather prepossessing brunette. Together they left the city last Thursday, the only clue to their whereabouts being a note left at the hotel directing his mail matter to be sent to Allentown. Last evening a constable and the irate father of the girl confronted the couple in an Allentown hotel, where they were playing cards. Mr. Haight offered to marry the girl at once, although they were registered as man and wife. Haight gave bond in $400 before Alderman Brownwell, of this city, on the charge of seduction. Miss Reese speaks of Mr. Haight as her future husband, although rumor has it that he is already married. Haight represents a rubber stamp house in Nassau street, New York.


CINCINNATI, December 30. Early this morning the dead body of Henry Kemper, a small grocery keeper, was found with his head split open. As the money drawer was rifled, it is supposed the motive for the terrible deed was robbery. The murderer secured less than ten dollars.

            FATAL STABBING.

FENTON, MICH., December 31. Last night, in Leroy’s saloon, Andrew Bank, the barkeeper, and Andrew Foote had a fight, during which the latter was fatally stabbed.


The Battle for Office at Washington.

After Eight Months’ Waiting, a St. Louis Man Gets a Laborer’s Job.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

WASHINGTON, December 30. Senator Cockrell and Representative Stone were at the Post-office Department today in the interest of constituents who have applications on file for certain positions.

The following fourth class postmasters in Missouri were commissioned today: Marvin Dimmitt, Clarence; John A. Bailey, East Atchison; Cornelia A Shattuck, Galesburg; Herbert E. Fletcher, Verdella.

Some of the bachelor members of the Missouri colony, and those who have not brought their families, are a little anxious about the return of Colonel Nick Pell, who maintains a suite of rooms in the central part of this city. They rather expect that he is to do what they term “The Grand Act” on New Year’s day. In other words, he will keep open house, and since he has the reputation of entertaining in pretty good style, they expect, as one of them expressed it, “that Nick will kinder spread himself on that day.”

Colonel Charles Coombs, of Moniteau County, will receive at his house, in a new supply of those Henry Clay collars that he has worn ever since he was large enough to wear a collar.

P. M. Kelly, of St. Louis is in the city.

“Pilot” Herrington, of St. Louis, was today appointed to a laborer’s position in the Treasury Department. After eight months patient awaiting he is provided for and has cooled down, except when referring to his lifelong Democracy. He has not attained what he wanted, but apparently is happy when he thinks that the place is better than nothing.

                     A COLORADO WITCH.

                  Old Superstitions Revived in the West.

A Black Cat and Her Black-Art Mistress.

        [Leadville (Colorado) Democrat.]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Mrs. Voudou Brown, of State street, who for many years past is supposed to have been in league with the devil, has evidently lost her power to influence his satanic majesty in her behalf, for night before last M. J. McConnell, her familiar spirit, got the best of her and gave her a sound beating. The Voudou woman has the reputation of having a black cat with not a white hair on it, which was cut in half with an axe, whereupon the tail half of the cat ran in one direction and the head half in the other. Since this time neither has been seen. McConnell, it is said, cut this cat in half a week ago, since which time the Voudou woman has lost her power and had sunk to the level of her fellow mortals. When she fights with any person stronger than herself now, she naturally gets whipped. This was not the case when Erebus, the black cat, was her companion; for it is said anyone who struck at the Voudou Queen would fall down exhausted if the black cat only arched his back, spread his tail into a lamp chimney cleaner, and spat and sputtered with anger.

Voudou Brown’s neighbors say that McConnell was perfectly justified in cutting the cat in two and came here from Aspen for that very purpose. According to the story, the Voudou woman had bewitched A. C Young so that he had all sorts of bad luck. He was first drawn into her act while working near Leadville and he had got along well enough as long as he would do just what the Voudou woman told him. But Achilles Young, the brother of Amos, came from Oswego, New York, to Leadville and found his brother in Voudou Brown’s den. He saw that something must be done to get him disenthralled, so he gave him some opium and carried him to Aspen while he was under the influence of it. But Amos had bad luck in Aspen, for he had no sooner gotten over the mountain fever than he broke his leg by falling into a pit on Aspen Mountain. While Achilles was watching Amos during his convalescence after the fever, he, too, determined that it was necessary to break the spell which the Voudou woman had over Amos. They finally came across McConnell, who undertook to do it for one hundred dollars. This the brothers agreed to pay him, so the story runs, and McConnell bargained that the tail half of the cat should fly into the cabin of the Young brothers, at Aspen, as soon as he broke the spell which the witch had over Amos. After consulting a clairvoyant, it was found necessary to get some blood of a young lady in Aspen put into the arm of Achilles, who was engaged to her, after which he was to go to Leadville. The young man was in Aspen at the time, and the fortune-teller got the blood transferred by a physician, who understood the process. This was necessary, because the fortune-teller in Aspen had to know the very instant the cat was cut in two at Leadville, so that she could demagnetize Amos Young. So she furnished the young lady with a bracelet, which she was to wear over the place on her arm where the vein was cut open to receive the blood transferred to her lover’s arm. The fortune-teller in Aspen knew the Leadville witch too well to suppose that any but the most approved plan and strictest attention to detail in carrying it out would enable her to succeed in breaking the Voudou woman’s power. The Aspen young lady was told that she should sit in the light of the full moon on the 24th instant, and as soon as she felt the bracelet commence to pinch her and saw the blood commence to run out of the vein, she should call the fortune-teller’s attention to it. So it happened that just as the hands of the clock came together at midnight hour, the young lady began to scream with pain, and woke Amos Young and the fortune-teller, who were awaiting the event. The fortune-teller immediately opened the oven of her stove, which had been kept red-hot the whole night. By the time Amos Young opened the door of the house, the tail half of the Voudou’s black cat came flying in like a cannon-ball out of a columbiad. The clairvoyant pushed the thing into the red-hot oven with a shovel that had been greased with lizard oil, and slammed the door. The stove shook and rumbled for a long time, but by daylight the noise stopped, for the fire had done its work. The fortune-teller then opened the oven door, and a long cat-tail popped out of it and ran up the mountain-side coiled into a roll like a hoop-snake.


Some of the Modest Claims of the Inhabitants of the Big Horn Basin.

           [Lander (Wyoming Territory) Special.]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

A spring of almost pure petroleum has just been found in the no wood district of the Big Horn Basin. For more than a year past expectation in our oil circles has been on tiptoe in regard to the oil developments of the Big Horn country. Today sees these expectations far more than realized. The spring just discovered is phenomenal. Along the base of a high bank there stretches for one hundred and fifty yards continuous oil fountains—not the muddy, crude stuff usually submitted to the refiners from the oil wells, but oil itself—pure, smooth, and glistening. Beneath the surface of the ground there seems to be a huge natural refinery in active operation. So pure is the oil as it wells forth that a quantity of it poured upon any hard, smooth substance can be converted into a clear, steady flame by the touch of a match. The fountains are prolific, sending forth full and steady streams. All along the line of output the oil can be dipped up at the rate of a quart per minute. A flattering peculiarity is that it has apparently no residuum. The soil over which it flows shows no deposit of baser ingredients. Asphalt itself, so common as a residuum in all the hitherto found petroleum of this region, is not to be seen. In the employ of Messrs. Conant & Anton, the lucky discoverers and locators, was an old oil expert who has spent years in the petroleum fields of Pennsylvania. He says his experience had failed to prepare him for any such sight, and values the fountains as they stand at one hundred thousand dollars. The owners have given their discovery the name of “The Bonanza Oil Springs.” The locality in which they are situated, some one hundred and fifty miles due north of this point, owing to promising indications, has lately been the great attraction of oil men, and it is now said that these same indications print to the existence of other springs in the same district, even larger and more valuable than those already conferring a fortune upon the lucky finders. Day by day is demonstrated the fact that beneath the surface of the Big Horn Basin lie exhaustless hoards of coal and petroleum. Rich developments are but questions of short time, and soon capital’s stream will flood the now waste places and reap therefrom a golden harvest.

                THE HERSCHELS.

Bill Nye’s Opinion of Two Famous Astronomers.

               Their Researches and Discoveries.

The First Man to Sweep the Heavens With a Telescope.

The Sufferings of a Widely-Known Gentleman.

         [Chicago News.]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Probably no two men have done more to promote knowledge, and advance the interests of astronomy especially, than Sir John Frederick William Herschel and Sir William Herschel, deceased.

They were both passionately fond of astronomy, and nothing pleased them more than to scour the heavens while others slept. I do not think the heavens have ever been so thoroughly and carefully scoured since John and William died. Many people noticed it right away after their death.

Sir John was born at Slough, near Windsor, in the State of England, March 7, 1792. He breathed the very air of science at once and yearned to acquire knowledge. Thus he fitted himself for the fatiguing and exhaustive labors of scanning the sky and tracing out the history, location, and habits of the stars.

He went directly from his home to Eton, and from there to St. John’s College, where, in 1813, he graduated as Smith prizeman and senior wrangler. Nothing fits a young man for the great field of science so thoroughly as a diploma showing that he is a good wrangler. At the age of twenty-one his biographer states that he was elected a fellow.

Sir John Herschel at once marched to the front rank and was elected a baronet in 1836: the same year in which Queen Victoria was crowned, if my memory is not at fault. Sir John then began to acquire gold medals in large numbers and began to decorate his bosom with various scientific tags. He marched on until he was chosen President of the Astronomical Society and then Master of the Mint.

In 1855, his health having been impaired, he resigned as master of the mint and was made honorary or corresponding member to the academies of Brussels, St. Petersburgh, Vienna, Gottingen, Turin, Bologna, Naples, Copenhagen, Stockholm, and other hot-beds of learning.

In 1828 his attention was attracted toward Margaret Brodie, the daughter of Rev. Dr. Alexander Stewart. It was about this time that he began to sit up nights and rummage the heavens. He never got over it.

In 1829 he married Margaret, but he still continued to sit up nights, and nothing tickled him more than to ramble through the trackless void to catch the antics of the nebulae, or to follow a skittish comet through space, trying to put salt on its little tail. Many a night would he steal into his couch with cold feet after a long and tiresome march for a stray star.

In 1825 he began the stupendous task of getting out a catalogue and price-list of all the stars. No one who has never tried it can possibly realize fully the extent of this task. Not only that, but the most of it had to be done at night. And yet he never murmured. His wife murmured sometimes and asked him to please warm his feet before he retired, but Sir John never murmured. He would work on until very late at night, taking an inventory of the stars, and then he would stick up a stake to show where he had left off, and retire.

In this way he catalogued between three and four thousand double stars, and also passed in review the nebulae discovered and catalogued by his father. While others slept he labored on. While the giddy throng poured into the halls of pleasure, or sought out the lawn sociable, Sir John, with his forty-foot telescope and a ten-foot pole over his shoulder, would start out to investigate the trackless void. Thus he became familiar with the manners and customs of the planets, and felt perfectly at home in the sky.

In 1847 he published the result of his observations from the Cape of Good Hope, covering the four years from 1834 to 1838. These were:

1.            Nebulae and what to do for them.

2.            Double stars and their habits.

3.            Apparent size of stars, or how they look to a man up a tree.

IV        Distribution of stars, and why early astronomers soured on the milk way.

5.            Halley’s celebrated comet, with appendix treating of bob-tail comets;

also hints about shying comets and how to evade a new-laid meteor.

VI.      Satellites of Saturn.

VII.      Solar spots, and how to remove them without injury to the sun.

Sir William Herschel, who distinguished himself about the middle of the eighteenth century by becoming the father of Sir John, was a great student all his life, and a close observer of the heavenly bodies. He discovered the planet Uranus and called attention to it: a plant that had been denied to a starving world for many centuries. He was thoroughly posted on the skies. He always knew where he stood, and never got beyond his sidereal depths. That was William’s style. He was a born investigator.

He made many accurate observations upon variable and binary stars. He also made a careful investigation for the sidereal parallax, and, though he did not find it, he said that he felt certain that it must be there. He also discovered and filed on two thousand five hundred stars, which, added to the five hundred then known, made three thousand. Sir John brought the number up to over five thousand two hundred, it is stated, though I have not had time to check them off and detect any errors that the Herschel family might have made.

No one who has not tried it can adequately estimate the long, tiresome job of hunting up and classifying stars. Those who have never been kept up nights fighting mosquitoes and trying to discover a star, so as to get the reward for it, can have very little idea of the trying and fatiguing task.

Sir William Herschel was about the first to suggest the propriety of sweeping the heavens with a telescope. Since that time the heavens have not been swept by anything else, telescopes being used altogether.

There is one thing that the Herschels neglected, and I would like to call the attention of philanthropists and astronomers to it. I am a philanthropist myself, but I have not been successful in that line, owing to a lack of means. So I wish that those who want to do a kind act, and have the ability as well as the desire, would investigate the case of the gentleman who generally stands in the middle of the zodiac on the first page of the almanac.

We are likely to have a long, cold winter very soon, and no man ought to die from exposure in an enlightened land where the rest of us have all the clothes we need. Besides, this man seems to be seriously injured, and, though I am not at all familiar with surgery, it seems to me that he ought to be sewed up. He ought to wear a vest, anyway, if he wants to preserve his health. Who will be the first to send in a vest?


The Odd Courtship and Marriage of Jersey Sweethearts.

     [Bloomfield (New Jersey) Cor. N. Y. Journal.]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

All the women folk in this venerable town are gossiping about a peculiar wedding ceremony that was begun last Saturday morning and was not finished until twelve o’clock Monday night. It is a Polish marriage, and all the strange forms and ceremonies used in Poland many years ago were religiously performed. Miss Kate Kraszewiski, the bride, is a young, fair-haired, blue-eyed girl with rosy cheeks and a fine figure. She was a domestic for Abram Brown until Friday last, when she began preparations for her marriage. Michael Kapinski, the groom, is an athletic and brawny youth who is employed in the Essex paper mill in this town, and, like the bride, he speaks English very well.

Several weeks ago young Kapinski went to a sociable at a private house, and during the evening he was introduced to and danced with the Polish belle. He fell in love with her. He was accorded the privilege of escorting Miss Kraszewiski to her home, and she got from her parents a permit for Kapinski to call at the house on certain evenings. Her father was so pleased with the young man that he allowed him to call upon the daughter at the place where she was employed.

According to old Polish custom, a young man must ask the parents of the girl he admires for permission to “walk” with her, so that he may decide if she will suit as a wife. Kapinski, whose love increased at each meeting he had with the fair Katie, spoke to her father and was given the privilege of “walking” with her if she desired it. She was willing, and the “walking together,” as Polish courtship is called, was begun.

Early last week the father announced to Katie in the presence of her lover that the marriage must take place on Saturday last, and she and Kapinski began preparations at once. She had several new gowns and a neat little Polish wedding cap of lace made by a New York modiste. Kapinski sent invitations to his Polish friends in New York, Newark, and other cities, and on Friday last Katie gave up her situation.

Meanwhile it was decided by Mr. Kraszewiski and his wife that it would be a good plan to marry off Mary, another daughter, and the young girl was notified that a suitable partner had been chosen for her. She was ordered to be ready for her marriage at the same time that her sister was to be wedded, but she objected strenuously to such a proceeding. Her principal objection was that she had not, like Katie, “walked” with any young man, and she argued that she ought to have the same chance to tease her future husband that Katie had. Her parents finally gave in to the beauty, and she promised to “walk” with a young man when she met one who suited her.

After breakfast on Saturday morning, Kapinski and his Katie boarded a train with a party of friends and went to New York, where the marriage service was performed by a priest in the Stanton Street Parish Church. The bride and groom then returned to the Kraszewiski residence in this place and began a three days’ reception. During the first day many friends called and congratulated the couple, partook of wine and solids, and in the evening all hands joined in Polish dances. The musicians, being Poles, played only Polish airs. At sunrise Monday the party separated, the groom going to his boarding house and the bride remaining with her parents. Monday evening the festival resumed, the eating and drinking and chatting being kept up until midnight, when dancing was once more started and continued until sunrise. Kapinski then quitted the house and did not see his bride again until six o’clock Tuesday evening, when the last banquet was spread. At midnight the festivities came to an end; and for the first time since they were married, Michael and his Katie were alone together.


         Affecting Scene Over the Recovery of Stolen Gold at the Philadelphia Mint.

  [Philadelphia Cor. N. Y. World.]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

A great deal of mystery has been thrown around the recent loss and recovery in the mint of an unknown quantity of gold. The facts are these: Some time ago, while half-eagles were being coined, about forty dollars’ worth disappeared during some stage of the process. A little more than a week ago, while eagles were being coined, one hundred dollars’ worth more disappeared, leaving no trace behind. Superintendent Fox was greatly agitated. It was at length ascertained to a certainty that the missing gold had found wings somewhere in the adjusting department. This is a large room, containing eighty-one delicate scales, upon which as many girls weigh each individual piece when it is not yet coined, but only cut. The pieces are given out to them in irregular lots, so that it is not known how many each young woman has in her possession at once. The discovery that the loss occurred in this department was not supposed to be known to any of these girls. On the day after the locality of the loss had been fixed, one of the young women, who had been to the toilet-room, ran breathlessly to the foreman.

“There’s a bundle in there,” she said.

“Why didn’t you bring it out?” was the query.

“I’m afraid to. I believe it’s that gold.”

Then the forewoman looked at the bundle. She, too, was afraid to touch it, and sent for the chief coiner. That functionary opened the bundle and found wrapped in rags ten pieces worth ten dollars each and eight worth five dollars each. He reported the discovery to Superintendent Fox, and that dignified officer hastened at once to the adjusting department, where he made an affecting speech. After rubbing his eyeglasses and clearing his throat, the Superintendent remarked that if these things continued to happen, he should be forced to resign. An awe-struck silence greeted this awful thrust, and some of the prettier girls shed tears as the Superintendent related his sufferings. He should be sorry to know that there was a thief in the mint, but it certainly looked as though there was. He counseled industry, caution, and honesty, and finished his speech amid a chorus of eighty-one sobs from as many pretty young women. Since then the gold has been weighed at frequent intervals in the process of manufacture, but no gold has been missed.


         [Chicago Tribune.]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The appearance in soup served in the County Asylum of a hog’s snout, in which still remained the iron ring used in its life to restrain the animal’s rooting propensities, would indicate a sort of rollicking abandon in the preparation of food for the inmates of that institution. This in Chicago, and in what has been supposed a civilized age.


How It Was Administered a Few Years Ago.

An Eastern Schoolmaster’s Experience in the Webfoot State.

How He Found a School and Became a Shining Light of the Bar.

[“Cowse,” in Chicago Times.]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

A resident of the Webfoot State has the following story to tell of the way in which justice was administered in the “peace” courts of the State a few years ago.

“About eight years ago,” said he, “I was traveling through Eastern Oregon hunting up a school. I was not long from the States, and had that good opinion of my superiority over bunch-grass people peculiar to tenderfeet, and at first looked with a great deal of disdain upon the openings for a teacher I found in some of the poor hamlets of this country. The unattractive appearance of the rustic children and the hardships which I would have to endure rather appalled me, so I refused school after school, until I found that both my purse and my stomach were getting distressingly empty, so I threw pride and prejudice to the winds, and set about in earnest to find a way out of my difficulties, almost begging now what I had disdainfully refused before. One day I had just left a pushing town, where, with my usual luck since a school had become a necessity to me, I found the place of teacher filled, and was wending my way upon the back of a lazy cayuse on a road I took because it looked well traveled, and held out a hope of finding a collection of people at the end of it, when I fell in with a good-looking, important, gabby old man, who proceeded to interview me as to who I was, where I came from and what I wanted, in a flat-footed, business-like manner that would have put to the blush the most audacious city reporter.”

“What kind of a school do you want?” said he. “A real good hard one?”

“I eagerly suggested that, hard or soft, it was all the same to me, the character of the children not being so much of an object as the financial ability of the parents to pay for their instruction.”

“Well, then, come along, and I’ll show you the loudest lot of young devils you ever see,” said he. “And, though I felt an itching under my clothes, always suggested by the proximity of vermin, ‘necessity knows no law,’ and I gladly accepted such a disagreeable way of staving off starvation. We soon came in sight of the town, built after eastern models, consisting of blacksmith shop, saloon, tavern, and a few houses.”

“I won’t take you to the tavern,” said my guide, “for every man will be up to the Justice’s. There’s a case goin’ on up there, and as it’s about our first one, we all of us are allowed ter go, so like as not you’ll see the bull of the pay-rents up there.”

“I willingly assented, the novelty of visiting a justice court being a sufficient inducement, let alone the prospect of meeting what I resolved should be the pay-roll of my future scholars. I found when I arrived that my kind guide, who had ridden on before, had already made me famous, having circulated the report that ‘one of them fellers chock-full of book-larnin’ had come all the way from the States to git the Nowhere school. So as I walked into the court, I found the crowd divided in interest between myself and the ‘case,’ and I had scarcely taken my seat when, much to my astonishment, a delegation from the jury came to me and requested me to take the case of the plaintiff, ‘as he was a particular friend of theirs, and didn’t know nothing about law.’ Secretly aware of the fact that I was as ignorant of the law as the party they wished me to plead for, I yet felt certain that my time had come to acquire glory and the school, for I was convinced that, no matter what mistakes I made, such a partial jury would give me a verdict any way. So glowing with the importance of the occasion, I condescendingly yielded to the request of the jury, and without a preparatory hem, strode upon the floor. The suit was for wages due a poor popular man from a rich unpopular one. The defendant was asking for a change of venue when I entered, and the justice was evidently about to grant the motion. Now, I hadn’t the slightest idea what a change of venue meant, and regardless of the fact that I was out of order in interrupting the defendant, I took out a large silver watch I carried, suspended to my vest by a plated chain, and, gazing upon it, holding it aloft as I did so, I bawled out: ‘May it please the court!’ Court and jury were evidently impressed by my opening. This defendant has asked for a change of venue, but what right has he, simply because he is a rich man, to come here two hours after the time set for trial and ask for anything at all? Is wealth to eternally set down upon poverty? In this free Oregon, where intelligence towers as high as her mountains, shall we tamely submit to such an imposition? No! No! I have looked into the faces of this honest jury and can read condemnation of such a fraud! And, thank God! I can see written upon your honor’s noble brow the lines of truth and veracity. So I will not take up the time of this honorable court and jury by stating simple facts. I do not ask, I demand, a non-suit for my client, and I move that the court take a recess of fifteen minutes for reflection.”

“So, you see,” added the narrator of this story, “I got all the glory without running any risks, and the school besides.”

“Emboldened by the success of my first case, I soon ventured upon another. The case, of course, was again in a Justice shop—an assault with a deadly weapon; tried by a jury of six men. Verdict, guilty. I was for the defendant. ‘I hardly know,’ said the learned justice, ‘what to do with the criminal. I darn’t send him to the county jail since it’s a State prison offense; I can’t send him before the Grand Jury, for the Petit Jury has found him guilty.’ We were all in a terrible dilemma, when a hard-featured old man arose and said: ‘I move that the jury form themselves into a vigilance committee and hang the villain at wonst.’ And I believe that the old fellow’s advice would have been taken and my client hanged upon the spot, but, fortunately for the prisoner, there were one or two people in the court who had been enjoying the fun, with intelligence enough to see what asses the court, jury, and lawyers had been making of themselves. So the lucky devil, who really was guilty, got scot free. But I did not take another case until I had learned a little law.”


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

There is a river in Algeria which the chemistry of nature has turned into ink. The stream is formed by the union of two others, one of which is strongly impregnated with iron, while the other contains gallic acid. The natives use this compound for writing letters and other documents.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

AUSTIN, TEX., January 2. James Phillips, who was seriously wounded on Christmas eve when his wife was outraged and murdered, is still in a very critical condition, but was arrested last night, charged with being his wife’s murderer. The Mexican who was arrested on suspicion of being implicated in the recent murder turns out to be a rag picker, which may account for his possession of the bloody clothes. Mrs. Eanes, charged with the murder of her son, was remanded to jail today.

           FATAL BURNS.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

NEW YORK, January 2. Miss Elizabeth B. Van Verst met with a shocking death today in her residence at No. 58 West Forty-Sixth street. Her clothes caught fire at the grate in her parlor, where a wood fire was burning. She was alone in the room and when her cries brought assistance from the house and the streets, she was past help. Miss Van Verst was sixty-five years old and had lived in the house for twenty years.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

WASHINGTON, January 2. The remains of Major Henry Goodfellow, Judge Advocate on the staff of General N. A. Miles, commanding the Department of the Missouri, were quietly interred in the Soldier’s Home Cemetery today. Major Goodfellow’s body was brought here from Fort Leavenworth where he died early this week of cerebral hemorrhage.


He Was Moved to Issue the Call for $10,000,000 Three Per Cent Bonds.

To Prevent Uneasiness in Business.—Likewise the Sidewind from Senator Beck.

         Immense Aggregate of Cereal Products.

           Various Interesting Department Notes.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

WASHINGTON, December 31. Treasurer Jordan said today that the Secretary of the Treasury was moved to issue yesterday a call for $10,000,000 three per cent bonds in order to prevent any uneasiness in business circles touching the present movement of gold to Europe, and to give assurance that the Treasury will use its gold to supply drafts made upon banks for export. It is not apprehended at the Treasury Department that the foreign exchange will long remain at the point at which profit invites the shipment of gold, but the department deemed it prudent to give notice by the call of bonds that the Treasury will do whatever is demanded by the public interest to prevent needless alarm and panic over the temporary advance in foreign exchange. This may be one of the causes that influenced the Secretary of the Treasury in issuing the call, but it is not the main cause. It was known several days ago, and before the export movement had set in, that a call of bonds was being considered, and it was stated in these dispatches last Wednesday night that a call would be made early in January. The fact is that the large and steadily accumulating cash balance in the Treasury made a call of bonds imperative, and the action of the Secretary was hastened by the discontent with his policy in this particular, which he and the President daily heard uttered by Congressmen, and which was finally voiced by Mr. Beck in his recent speech in the Senate. It is pretty certain that a call for bonds would have been made had Mr. Beck not made his speech, but it is doubtful if the call would have been issued until the condition of the Treasury after January 1 was ascertained. Upon that date nearly $10,000,000 became due and payable for interest, and it was originally determined not to issue a call for bonds until there should be signs of the return to the Treasury of this January output, but the public agitation alluded to, and the steady accumulation of the Treasury balance, and the present movement of gold to Europe, combined to induce the Secretary to issue the call. Of the $194,000,000 of 3 per cent bonds now outstanding, the Treasury holds for the National banks $144,000,000, so that of the bonds called fully seven-tenths will be surrendered for redemption by the banks, thus necessitating a substitution of other bonds for those surrendered, or a corresponding reduction in their circulating notes. Secretary Manning holds that the sinking fund requires for the current fiscal year about $38,000,000. In conversation today the Secretary said that it would not be prudent to call bonds for so large an amount at one time and therefore he concluded to make a call now. This would indicate that the Secretary intends to issue four calls of $10,000,000 each in addition to that issued yesterday between now and June 1. The condition of the Treasury at the close of business today, the last day of the month and the year, will show an improvement of several million dollars over December 1. The receipts thus far have exceeded the expenditures over $8,000,000, and it is likely that the debt statement, to be issued on Saturday, will show a reduction, “so called,” of at least $9,000,000.


WASHINGTON, December 31. The estimates of the Statistician of the Department of Agriculture for the principal cereal crops of the year are completed, and the aggregate bushels are as follows, in round millions: Corn, 1,936,000,000; wheat, 357,000,000; oats, 23,000,000. The area of corn is 73,000,000 acres; of wheat, 34,000,000; of oats, 23,000,000. The value of corn averages 33 cents per bushel, and makes an aggregate of $635,000,000, $5,000,000 less than the value of the last crop. The decrease in the product of wheat is 30 per cent, and only 17 per cent in valuation, of $275,000,000. The valuation of oats is $180,000,000. The reduction in wheat is mostly in the valleys of the Ohio and in California. The States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, and Kansas last year produced 170,000,000; this year 80,000,000, a reduction of 90,000,000 bushels. The production of all cereals is 53 bushels to each inhabitant, and the aggregate volume is larger than any former year.


WASHINGTON, December 31. Treasury officials express the opinion, founded on the fact that the receipts have been very light during the month, while pension payments have been made to a considerable amount on account of last month, that the public debt statement will show an increase of nearly $2,000,000 during the current month.

The Secretary of the Treasury has instructed the Collector of Customs at Georgetown, D. C., to admit free of duty certain plaster models, imported by the Ladies’ Lee Monument Association as designs from which a selection is to be made for a monument to General Robert E. Lee. The authority for the exemption from duty is found in the statute providing for the free importation of works of art imported for the purpose of erecting public monuments.

Treasurer Jordan expects to go to New York to assume charge of the United States sub-treasury there. He says he knows of no reason why he should not discharge the duties of sub-treasurer as it simply amounts to the performance by a superior officer of certain duties heretofore discharged by a subordinate.

In reply to a communication from Senator George, of Mississippi, in relation to the boxing of trees for turpentine purposes by homestead claimants, Judge Stockslager, Assistant Commissioner of the General Land Office, says: “The process being undoubtedly one of damage to the land, there is no warrant of law under which permission can be granted to use for the purposes indicated timber upon entries to which title has not been acquired by the claimant.” It appears that the process of boxing results invariably in the death of the trees, and forest fires usually follow, which render the land worthless.

The report of the Post-office Department officials, who recently investigated the condition of the affairs of the Baltimore post-office, recommends the establishment of branch money order offices in that city and forty additional street letter boxes. These recommendations have been approved by the Postmaster General. Other recommendations, respecting additional room for the post-office and increased expenditures for clerk hire, the Postmaster General has still under advisement. The Commissioners in their report pay a high compliment to the zeal and energy of Postmaster Veazy.

The President has approved the recommendation of the Secretary of the Interior, that a portion of the money appropriated for the relief of the Indians to be used to relieve the immediate and pressing needs of the Souppal Indians in Northern Arizona. These Indians are not suffering at present, but they will need help before the winter is over.

The Postmaster General has requested the resignation of W. B. Gurley, who has for many years filled the position of Chief of the Free Delivery bureau in the Post-office Department.

Valentine P. Snyder, of New York, was today appointed Deputy Comptroller of the Currency, vice Langworthy, resigned. Mr. Snyder came here in March last as Private Secretary to Secretary Manning, and since that time has held various positions in the Treasury Department.


Arrest of a Mexican With Suspicious Property in His Possession.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

AUSTIN, TEX., December 31. About dark last evening a Mexican, Eusticio Martinez, about forty years old and having no family, was arrested on suspicion of being concerned in the blood outrages of the past six months. Two barrels of plunder were taken from his secluded habitation near the river. The plunder consisted of a six-shooter and half a dozen crude but murderous looking instruments, including an ice pick, such as Dr. Swearingen testified was probably used in the Rainey murder. It is believed, too, that Mrs. Hancock was pierced in the ear with one. Among the other articles found in Martinez’s room is a lot of female clothing, some of which is bloody; a prayer book with the name on it, Ella R. Karney; a white handkerchief with the initials “J. R.” marked in silk, and another marked “A” in red. A roll of thirty-two silver dollars with round cuts of paper between each coin was taken from his pockets. He seems to be loony, claiming to be moved by a spirit which controls him. He says he was two years in jail in Brownsville, Texas, for assaulting women, and is believed to be the man who some time ago attempted to outrage a German woman in Austin, when the woman jerked a knife from her assailant. Some of the articles, most of which are probably stolen, may furnish a clue to connect him with some of the Austin tragedies. Some of the instruments have marks, apparently of old blood stains, on them.


Civil and Criminal Proceedings to be Commenced in Nebraska.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

OMAHA, NEB., December 31. United States District Attorney Lambertson has received instructions from the Attorney General upon the recommendation of the Secretary of the Interior to commence civil and criminal proceedings against eight or ten persons for illegal fencing of public lands. The plats in his hands show 80,000 acres enclosed. Other cases are expected soon. The largest enclosure referred to in his instructions embraces more than 36,000 acres. In some of the cases civil proceedings were commenced some time ago. The present instructions are to commence criminal proceeding where fences are being maintained and have been maintained upon the public land since the act of February 25, making such enclosures unlawful, and since the proclamation of President Cleveland. It is the intention of Mr. Lambertson before instituting either criminal or civil proceedings to notify all such parties to remove their fences at once; otherwise he will be compelled to proceed against them civilly and criminally as provided for by the act of February 25, pursuant to the instructions of the Attorney General and Secretary of the Interior. The names of the parties to be proceeded against have not yet been given out.

                     A MONOTONOUS WATCH ENDED.

The Guards Withdrawn From the Resting Places of Garfield and Grant.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

WASHINGTON, December 31. At twelve o’clock tonight the guards will be withdrawn from the tomb of General Grant in Riverside Park, New York, and from the resting place of ex-President Garfield in Cleveland. The guard at the latter tomb has been on duty since the date of interment, for the reason that President Arthur did not care to give orders for its removal. He felt that he was in a delicate position and that any orders upon the subject were liable to be misconstrued. Hence the tramp of the watch has continued month after month. A few weeks ago, however, Secretary Endicott, in issuing the order relative to the removal of the guard at the Grant tomb on December 31st, had his attention directed to the guard at Cleveland, and included it in the order.



His Call for Troops Was to Protect the People Against Renegade Apaches.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

WASHINGTON, January 1. Governor Zulick, of Arizona, has telegraphed to the Secretary of the Interior, calling attention to an erroneous impression that the purpose for which troops have been recently ordered from San Francisco to Arizona is merely to protect the Indians from threatened attacks by the lawless white element. Governor Zulick says that his appeal to the Government for troops was for the protection of the lives and property of Arizonians from the attacks of murderous and thieving renegade Apaches. “No people on earth,” he adds, “have exhibited a higher sense of law-abiding qualities than the Arizonians have shown under their terrible affliction of the past eight months.” He remarks that his proclamation last week warning all evil disposed persons that the power of the Federal and Territorial Governments would be evoked to preserve the rights of all persons within the borders of Arizona, was directed against inflammatory publications in the territorial newspapers, and says: “It has had its effect, for the entire press in the Territory is now arrayed upon the side of law and order.” He assures the Secretary that he will see that the San Carlos Reservation and the rights of the peaceful Indians are protected. In conclusion, he asks the Secretary for a statement to dispel the erroneous impression as to the purpose of his appeal for troops. In reply Acting Secretary Muldrow today telegraphed to the Governor that the Interior Department has received no dispatch from him suggesting a need for troops to protect the Indians on the San Carlos reservation, and that no action has been taken by the Government to concentrate troops in that vicinity for the purpose indicated. Mr. Muldrow adds: “The purpose of the Government has been and is to protect all persons in Arizona in the peaceful enjoyment of their rights and property and to punish law breakers, suppress outlaws, and maintain peace within the Territory.”


              Three Thousand Miles Laid in 1885.

Better Than Was Expected.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

CHICAGO, January 1. The Railway Age says: “When the year of 1885 opened very little was expected of it in the way of railway building. The record for the year, as we now present it, shows that this assumption was far from being correct, and that while the extent of new mileage added is less than in 1884, and very much less than in several previous years, it is by no means insignificant. We find that the total length of main line (not including second track, siding, or renewals) laid in the United States during 1885 was 3,113 miles. This is about 700 miles less than the new mileage of 1884. It is less than in any year since 1878, when the total was but 2,687 miles, while in 1875 the record of new construction reached only 1,711 miles. The work done, largely on branches and extensions of moderate length, has not included any very large lines, such as in previous years have helped greatly to swell the total. In New England and the East, almost no new track has been added. The principal activity has been in the Southern States, and the belt between the Missouri River and the Pacific States and Territories. The longest extension of the year has been that of the Fremont, Elkhorn & Missouri Valley line of the Chicago and Northwestern system, from Valentine, Nebraska, west and north, 191 miles to Buffalo Gap, Dakota Territory, whence it will be pushed in the spring to the Black Hills. Another very important work has been done in California by the extension of the California Southern Road, eighty-one miles to a connection with the Atlantic & Pacific, thus giving a continuous line under practically the same management from Kansas City and St. Louis to Los Angeles and San Diego.”


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

MADRID, January 1. The Committees of the Cortes have approved a bill to prolong until 1892 all treaties of commerce which will expire in 1887. This virtually insures the renewal of negotiations for commercial treaties with England and the United States. The Commissioners have also approved a bill for reform in the Treasury services. Both Houses will confirm the bills. The session will close next week. Any attempt to raise a political debate will be promptly checked.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

BUFFALO, N. Y., January 1. This morning Charles Hermann, the wife murderer, was sentenced to be hanged February 12. Friends will try to secure a commutation of the sentence to life imprisonment.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

ALBANY, N. Y., December 30. While out hunting yesterday, Peter Hart, a farmer living near Knowersville, discovered a letter secreted in a tree, which stated the writer, John Robert Smith, and his partner, Haley, had been engaged in a number of robberies, which had netted $16,000. While escaping through the Heiderberg Hills, the partners had quarreled and Smith murdered Haley, and buried his body nearby. Smitten with remorse he buried the money and was about to drown himself in Warren’s Lake. The letter is accompanied by a rude diagram showing where the body and money can be found, and Smith gives the latter to the finder. The entire population of Knowersville is now engaged in a search for the hidden treasure.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

ST. LOUIS, December 30. A correspondent at Brownsville, Texas, telegraphs as follows: Advices from Rio Grande City state that Major Kellogg, at the head of sixty United States soldiers, left Ringgold barracks for the Juan Maldon ranch, eighteen miles above, on the river, to arrest or disperse any armed forces there, gathered for the purpose of invading the city of Mier, Mexico. A deputy sheriff sent to reconnoiter, reported that there were about a dozen armed Mexicans on the ranch, and the efforts to get a force together there have proved abortive. It is also said the force is only a gathering of smugglers.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

SNOW HILL, MD., December 30. Samuel Blake was stabbed and almost instantly killed late last night by Ernest Bratton, near Girdle Tree Hill, Worcester County. Bratton was escorting a girl from a party, when Blake made an insulting remark and struck Bratton. The latter drew a knife and stabbed his opponent in the neck, severing the jugular vein. He made no effort to escape, and was lodged in jail.


The Alma Stage Riddled With Bullets.

Escape of the Brave Driver.

The People Petition the President and Congress for Protection.—List of Killed.

Interview With the Secretary of War.

Employment of Old Frontiersmen Advocated.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

ALBUQUERQUE, N. M., December 30. A special to the Journal, dated Silver City, December 27, was received today. It says that when the Alma stage, driven by Conductor Landerbaugh, came in Saturday looking like a sieve, after a severe attack by Apaches near the White House ranch, the people, eager for Indian news, gathered around the express office. The plucky stage driver said that six Indians lying in ambush had fired on him, when he gave the horses the reins and, drawing his rifle from the boot of the vehicle, gave the hostiles the best he had in the wagon. His rapid firing demoralized the reds, and although nearly every part of the stage was hit, one ball having passed through the mail sack, the driver escaped unhurt. He thinks if he had not been alone, he could have brought in a few scalps. Landerbaugh having refused to make the return trip to the Mogollons unless furnished with an escort by the Government, a dispatch to this effect was sent to the Postmaster General by Mr. O. S. Scott. The answer came back: “Consult the commandant at Fort Bayard, who will have instructions from the Secretary of War. The attack was only casual and is not likely to be repeated. Do your best to dispatch the mail.” And this despite the fact that the country though which the mail has to pass has been overrun with hostiles during the entire summer, and the stage has escaped heretofore by sheer luck.


When the Postmaster General’s dispatch was received, the following was at once wired to President Cleveland.

To His Excellency, Grover Cleveland, President of the United States, Washington, D. C.

During the past three weeks the following citizens have been murdered by Apaches in Socorro, Grant, and Graham Counties, most of them within one week, and their bodies have been identified: Messrs. Moore, Waldo, Williams, May, Wrights (two), Clark, Kinney, Tilley, Trior, Harris, Tapinaw, and Gassid; also four soldiers, Dr. Maddox, Surgeon United States Army, with the rank of Lieutenant, and two others whose names are not known. The Grand Jury report on the Indian murders is mailed you today. The Silver City and Alma mail coach was attacked yesterday. All outlying ranches are deserted and all industries are prostrated. We appeal to you and Congress for help

JAMES B. WOODS, Sheriff.

S. M. ASHENFELTER, District Attorney.

            JAMES CORBIN, Acting Mayor.

O. S. SCOTT, Postmaster.

In addition to the names mentioned, over one hundred prominent citizens signed this memorial and the cost of wiring the message was defrayed by a public collection. A report has just reached Silver City of four more murders of white men by Indians. The excitement is fearful. Prominent citizens met and decided to at once organize and equip a picked company of rangers and send them into the field to see if old Indian fighters could not do what the United States soldiers had failed to do—exterminate or capture every Apache found off the reservation.

                 THE SECRETARY OF WAR.

WASHINGTON, December 30. Senator Manderson and Congressmen Springer and Laird called upon the Secretary of War this morning to discuss with him the situation in southern New Mexico in relation to the Apache troubles. They represented to him the defenseless condition of the people and made known their purpose of introducing a bill in Congress providing for the special purpose of hunting down, and, if necessary, of exterminating the murderous band which has been making that region a desert. The Secretary entered heartily into the plans and promised to do everything in his power to forward the purpose they have in view. During the progress of the conversation, which lasted an hour, allusion was made to General Crook’s record. Mr. Springer read to the Secretary a letter he had received from Judge Barnes, of the First Judicial District of Arizona, discussing the situation and setting forth the views of intelligent men of the locality as to the best remedy. This, in brief, was for the Government to raise a battalion of frontiersmen, to be lightly equipped, and whose duty should be to patrol the region in small parties, especially keeping in view the watering places. It was possible for the Indians to move more rapidly than the troops could by riding the ponies until they dropped from exhaustion and then stealing others, but they had to reach the watering places or perish themselves. Judge Barnes also proposed the arming and enlistment of a body of Papago Indians, a friendly, industrious race, as much annoyed by the renegade Apaches as the whites, to fight the Apaches. The Secretary said in reference to this plan that the army was already doing much of the service proposed. General Sheridan has been sent out to the scene of the disturbances, and General Crook, in whom they all had confidence, was in command. If these could not subdue the hostiles, none could. Mr. Springer said he did not know General Crook and had nothing against him, but judging him merely by results, he was a failure. The renegades did not number more than 200 men, and General Crook with 3,000 or 4,000 men at his command had been hunting them for years and had not succeeded in putting a stop to the outrages. Senator Manderson came to General Crook’s defense, attributing to his skill and ability the pacification of the Indians of Nebraska. The bill referred to will be introduced by Congressman Laird of Nebraska.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

WASHINGTON, December 30. The Secretary of the Treasury received a telegram from Captain Hooper, of the revenue steamer Rush, at San Francisco, stating that after consultation with Captain Healy, of the Corwin, he had decided to undertake the search for the missing whaler Amethyst. He also inquired if the cruise should be limited to the Aleutian Islands, or whether he should push northward, following the ice pack as it broke up in the spring. Secretary Manning replied as follows: “Take the necessary supplies and proceed at once. Officers have been directed to report to you for duty immediately. Employ a surgeon and use your judgment as to the northern limit of the cruise.” It is believed at the department that the Rush will be able to sail from San Francisco for Behring’s Sea on Thursday next.

             JOHN BRIGHT.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

LONDON, December 30. The President of the Birmingham Liberal Association denied the truth of the rumor that Bright intends to resign his seat in Parliament.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

DENVER, COL., December 31. This morning at three o’clock three masked men entered the engine room of the Marshall Coal Company’s works near the town of Brice, forty miles from Denver, and captured the engineer and took him several hundred yards away and tied him, then returned and set fire to the hoisting works. The engine house, tramway, and several cars were completely destroyed, throwing several hundred men out of employment. Three weeks ago the wages of the men in these mines were cut down, when the Knights of Labor ordered a strike. The miners, rather than be without work at this time of the year, refused to obey. They continued to work, and this morning’s outrage is supposed to be another outcropping of the Rock Springs troubles instigated by the Knights of Labor.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

WASHINGTON, December 31. The preparations for the President’s reception at the White House on New Year’s Day are complete and will be attended by at least one thousand persons, including the diplomatic staff, the Cabinet, the members of the Supreme Court, and the members of both houses of Congress. Miss Cleveland and Mrs. Hoyt, the sisters of the President, will be assisted by the wives of the Secretaries and by several other intimate friends. The reception ceremonies will be in charge of the Marshal of the District, Wilson.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

NEW YORK, December 31. Today the great wholesale dry goods firm of Bates, Reedy & Cooley will be dissolved, in consequence of the expiration of the partnership limitation. The stock, which was valued at $3,000,000, has for a month past been thrown on the market at twelve per cent discount for cash. Mr. Bates will go into the jobbing business, while Messrs. Reed and Cooley will organize a new firm in the dry goods commission trade. The dissolution has created quite an excitement in wholesale dry goods circles.


Convention at Kansas City to Consider the Improvement of the Missouri River.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

KANSAS CITY, December 30. The Board of Trade Hall presented a lively scene yesterday morning, and the floor was covered with groups of delegates, joking, laughing, and earnestly discussing the objects and probable course of the River Convention. Different delegations were assigned each a place by themselves, Kansas and Missouri heading the center, Montana and Dakota leading the right, while Nebraska and Iowa smilingly stood at the front on the left side. At eleven o’clock the blue ribbon assembly (for all the delegates wore blue badges), was called to order by L. R. Bolter, of Logan, Iowa. Hon. D. A. Magee, Mayor of Sioux City, Iowa, was called to the chair. After preliminary work had been accomplished, the Convention adjourned until two p.m.


At 2:30 o’clock the Convention was called to order by Chairman Magee and proceeded at once to business. The Committee on Credentials, through their chairman, reported as follows, and their report was adopted.

The Committee on Credentials met and elected George L. Wright, of St. Louis, Chairman, and W. S. Wise, of Plattsmouth, Nebraska, Secretary.

It was resolved by your Committee that the list of delegates to this Convention reported to the Secretary of the Convention shall be considered as the delegates of the Convention, subject to such additions as may be found necessary by the late arrival of some of the delegates. Your Committee beg leave to make this resolution as their report to this Convention. G. L. WRIGHT, Chairman, W. S. WISE, Secretary.

Next came the report of the Committee on Permanent Organization. The committee selected the following officers.

President: Nathan Cole, of St. Louis,

Vice Presidents: C. A. Chase, Omaha; Colonel Asa Barton, Faribault, Minnesota; Winslow O. Judson, St. Joseph; J. P. Baker, Fort Benton, M. T.; E. K. Converse, New Orleans; James Phelan, Memphis, Tenn.; Robert Atkinson, Ottawa, Kansas.

Secretary: H. M. Kirkpatrick, Kansas City.

Assistant Secretaries: Joseph E. Riggs, Lawrence, Kansas; Robert Windom, Plattsmouth, Nebraska.

The report was unanimously accepted and adopted.

Messrs. P. B. Walker, of St. Paul, and W. H. Miller, of Kansas City, were appointed a committee to escort President Cole to the platform.

Letters from Congressmen and other prominent men were read, regretting their inability to attend the convention.


The Committee on Resolutions appointed by the Executive Committee at the convention met last evening at the Coates House. Mr. McIntyre presided and Mr. Windom was Secretary. Among others present were Messrs. Bolter, of Iowa; Walker, of Minnesota; Baker, of Montana; Arthur, of Wyandotte; Aller, of Leavenworth, and Allen, of this city. A number of resolutions were offered by members of the committee and others present. A resolution was offered asking Congress to place a member of Congress interested in Western waterways upon the River and Harbor Committee. A resolution was offered to appoint two delegates from each State and Territory, to bear the resolutions of the committee to Congress on January 18, 1886, and to cooperate with delegates appointed for a similar purpose at St. Paul in September last.

A resolution was offered recommending Congress to apply for immediate use 50 per cent of the appropriation recommended by the commission for the improvement of the Missouri River, and to have the other 50 per cent of the appropriation take effect on and after July next.

After the discussion of these resolutions, a sub-committee of three, consisting of Dr. John Arthur, of Wyandotte; Mr. Allen, of this city, and Mr. Windom, was appointed to formulate the resolutions and present them to the convention at 9:30 this morning.

                 BIG ROBBERY.

An Express Messenger Steals $8,000.

Arrested in Woman’s Clothes.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

ST. LOUIS, December 30. A man named William E. Page, an Adams Express messenger, dressed in woman’s clothes, was brought into police headquarters last night by Detective Frank Erskine and taken into Captain Fruchtis’ private office, where he produced from various parts of his clothing $6,800 in money. In a statement made by the prisoner after being placed in a cell, he said he was express messenger and telegraph operator at Golden City, Barton County, Missouri, that he had stolen the money found upon him, and more besides, which he did not know what had become of it. He said he got drunk on Christmas day and has been drunk ever since. The money came from the Bank of Commerce, of Kansas City, to Aldrich, Niles & Co., of Golden City. He knew it was coming. When it arrived he took it and all the other money in the office, went home, bundled up a lot of his wife’s clothes, went into the woods, dressed himself, and took a train for Springfield, Missouri. There he boarded a St. Louis & San Francisco train for St. Louis, and was arrested by Erskine between Pacific City and St. Louis. He says there were $8,000 with the package he stole, but he claims not to know where the remainder is. The detectives, however, think he secreted it. The robbery was committed on Monday, but was not discovered until last night. Page says he does not know why he committed the robbery except that it was a drunken freak. He says he could have taken a much larger sum a few days before. He has a wife and two children.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

GLOUCESTER, MASS., December 30. News was received last night of the loss of the schooner, Cleopatra, Captain, George W. Pendleton, of this port. The Captain and crew were taken off the vessel near George’s Bank and taken to Philadelphia by a steamship. Three men, named Hanson, Hodge, and MacPherson, were drowned. A man named Nelson was killed and five others injured.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

ST. LOUIS, December 30. George Olds, late traffic manager of the Missouri Pacific Railroad, left last night for Montreal, where he will assume his new position of traffic manager of the Canadian Pacific. Colonel W. H. Newman, the newly appointed traffic manager of the Missouri Pacific, will enter upon his new office at once.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

LONDON, December 30. Lord Randolph Churchill, Secretary of State for India, is in Ireland. It is thought that his visit is for the purpose of obtaining information bearing on the Irish question to be used at the Cabinet council to be held shortly.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

BERLIN, December 30. Baron De Courcel, French Ambassador, and Count Herbert Bismarck, Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, signed a protocol defining the boundary of French and German territories in West Africa.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

CAIRO, ILL., January 1. Joseph Bansho, a farmer and trapper, living near Unity, Illinois, six miles from this city, was bitten by a dog last winter. The wound healed and the dog was killed. Yesterday Bansho noticed that the old wound had broken out again and was very much inflamed. The first sight of water threw him into violent convulsions, and he attacked his son, nineteen years old, and tried to choke him to death. Neighbors rushed in and the boy was saved. The afflicted man is now bound to a bedstead by strong ropes and it takes the combined efforts of two strong men to keep him from breaking his fastenings. He snaps and bites at his keepers and barks and howls like a dog. Bansho is a wealthy land owner.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

NEW YORK, January 1. Cashier Whitney, of the Treasury Department, arrived in this city yesterday, as the representative of Secretary Manning, to seal the sub-treasury vaults at the close of business. The ceremony was performed soon after five o’clock last evening. Two seals—the United States seal and the State seal—were attached to the doors of the vaults in which the moneys are stored. Treasurer Jordan will arrive Saturday, and will take charge until Mr. Acton’s successor is appointed. Fourteen clerks from Washington will go over the books of the treasurer in this city during the next month to see if the accounts have been correctly kept. The moneys in the vaults, $36,000,000 in all, will also be counted.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

ALBANY, N. Y., January 1. Governor Hill was inaugurated today with great ceremony at ten o’clock. The Jacksonian Club met and was joined by several other organizations, and, proceeding to the Executive Mansion, escorted the Governor to the Assembly Chamber, where the inaugural ceremonies took place. A reception was then held in the Senate Chamber.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The Edgar Thomson blast furnaces at Braddock, Pa., five in number, were closed down for an indefinite period on the 31st, throwing out of employment 700 men.


Commissioner Eaton Directs Attention to Some Facts for Office Seekers.

         Immense Number of Applications From Districts Near the Capital.

The Drop Rule.

Uncertainty of Securing Appointments.

Too Many Female Applicants for the Few Vacancies.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

WASHINGTON, January 1. Commissioner Eaton has just made the following report relative to dropping applicants from the civil service records: “It was anticipated when the civil service examinations were provided for that the time would come when, for the various States and offices, there should be so great and needless a number of applicants as to make necessary some limitation of the time they should be allowed to retain their places upon the record books kept of those seeking to be examined. As the commission is required, with certain small exceptions, to notify all applicants for examination, in the order of the entry of their names upon those records, it is plain that so large numbers might in a short time have their names entered therein as to prevent, for years, perhaps, any other person being reached for examination. To enable the commission to prevent so unreasonable a monopoly, rule thirteen authorizes it to provide by regulation for dropping from the records the applicants whose names have been thereon for six months or more without having been reached in due course for examination. A regulation of that kind, while


would allow equal chances to all for being examined. If any of those dropped desire another chance of being reached for examination, they can make a new application and be entered upon the foot of the record. It hardly need be stated that the object of the examinations is not primarily to examine all of those who may apply, however excessive their numbers, but to give all applications equal opportunities for examination and to examine so many of them as are required to secure a sufficient number from whom to make the selection of competent persons for filling the vacancies in the public service. The number examined is sure to be many times greater than the number appointed. It would obviously be a waste of the time of the examiners and a needless labor to go with unlimited examinations regardless of the public needs, by which the chances of everyone examined for an office would be made more and more remote. It may take some time to cause the supply in the matter of the applications and appointments to fitly adjust themselves to each other, but with a proper regulation for dropping applicants from the record, it need not be doubted that in this matter, as in all others, such an adjustment will before long be reached. In most of the States thus far the number of applicants has not been beyond the number needed at the examinations, while in some of them and also at several of the post-offices and customs-offices and in the District of Columbia especially, the excess has become considerable. It was natural that solicitation for places and skill in securing them should be most developed in localities near Washington. The natural result has been that in these localities the number of applicants is most extensive. The primary object of the provision in the civil service act that applicants thereunder shall be apportioned among the States and Territories in the ratio of population was doubtless to prevent the natural consequence of these office-seeking habits near the capital, but it is in spirit none the less applicable to excessive office-seeking in other States. On the 1st of November last the records of the Commission showed the following facts:


“The District Columbia is entitled to only four appointments out of 1,000. It had 185 applicants seeking examination, being more than any public interest requires to be examined in the next five years.

“Maryland, which is entitled to nineteen applicants out of 1,000, had 284 applicants on the records, more than twice the number from the six New England States, with New Jersey and Delaware added.

“Virginia, which is entitled to three appointments out of 1,000, had 261 applicants, or more than twice as many as all those from Texas and all the other States bordering on the Gulf of Mexico, with those from South Carolina added.

“Delaware, which is entitled to three appointments out of 1,000, had more applicants than Wisconsin, Minnesota, Florida, and Vermont combined.

“But there are other States not so near Washington, from which the excess is considerable. Pennsylvania, which is entitled to eighty-six appointments out of 1,000, has 258 applicants and thirty-nine more than New York, which is entitled to 102 appointments out of 1,000.

“Ohio, which is entitled to sixty-four appointments out of 1,000, had 222 applicants on the records, being almost twice as many as there are from the States of Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Missouri, and Kansas.

“Indiana, which is entitled to forty applicants out of 1,000, had 132 applicants on the records, which exceeds those from the six States last named.

“West Virginia and Kentucky are the next States from which the applicants most tend to an excess. Few persons, I think, can regard it as just to allow those who have needlessly crowded on to these records to monopolize all the opportunities of being called for examination for the long time, which must elapse before they will be examined.”

           EQUAL CHANCES.

Where all who may present themselves cannot be examined, the same plan that each should have a fair and equal chance, and that if not reached, they should give way to others absolutely, or, if they prefer, go to the foot of the record for a second opportunity. It is especially worthy of notice that the excess of female applicants are much greater than that of males. More than one-half of the applicants from the District of Columbia and those from Maryland are females. There are eighty-one applicants from Virginia, seventy-five from Pennsylvania, and seventy-four from Ohio. But as many as six times as many males as females are requested by the departments for appointment, and the commission has no authority whatever on the subject. Such facts may be well considered by persons who are in the habit of advising an excessive number of women to attend the examination, and of complaining because no places can be found for them. Rule 13 has long since given a general notice that applicants not reached within six months are likely to be dropped, but to make the matter very clear in the future, I think there should be a definite regulation, as contemplated by that rule, and I herewith submit a draft of such a resolution.”

The report was accepted, and a regulation has been adopted for carrying its recommendation into effect.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

CLEVELAND, OHIO, December 30. Patrick Cosgrove, aged thirty-five, employed at a furnace in Niles, Ohio, was overcome by gas this morning and fell twenty-five feet, striking on his head, and breaking his neck. Fire at the Peacock coal mine, near Mineral Ridge, Ohio, destroyed all the buildings, causing a loss of $10,000 and throwing one hundred men out of employment.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

CITY OF MEXICO, MEX., DECEMBER 30. The official announcement is made today that a Mexican Consulate has been located in Kansas City, and that the first Mexican Consul to represent that Republic in Kansas City will be Prof. Maurice Rahden. Mr. Rahden is now here, but will leave for the field of his new duties in a few days.

           GLASS WORKERS.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

PITTSBURGH, PA., December 30. A committee of flint glass workers and window glass workers and bottle blowers’ unions is here perfecting a basis for the Amalgamation of the three organizations.


Another Order Issued by Commissioner Sparks.

  Ready-Made Proofs to be Rejected.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

WASHINGTON, December 30. In view of the large number of defective, irregular, and insufficient proofs presented in public land cases, Commissioner Sparks, of the General Land Office, has issued a circular to registers and receivers of land offices in which he directs that proofs must in all cases be to the satisfaction of registers and receivers, and that cross-examinations should be directed to a verification of the material facts in the case, and especially to the actual facts of residence, and whether the entry is made or sought to be perfected for the claimant’s own use and occupation or for the use and benefit of others. Ready-made proofs, presented merely for pro forma acknowledgment and verification, cross-examination, or evidence of identity, will not, it is stated, be considered such proofs as are required by law. Officers taking affidavits and testimony are required to call the attention of the parties and witnesses to the laws respecting false swearing, and the penalties therefor, and inform them of the purpose of the Government to hold all persons to a strict accountability to all statements made by them.


           Several Passengers Though to be Killed and All More or Less Injured.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

ST. LOUIS, December 30. At noon today the first information was received of what may turn out to be a terrible disaster. The Wabash passenger coming south, it is reported, was wrecked at Nameoka, a station in Illinois, about thirty miles from here. The first report states that three passengers were killed and almost all the persons on the train were more or less seriously injured. It is impossible to obtain details at this late hour, but a second telegram verifies the report of the accident and states that two persons have died from injuries received and that several passengers are fatally injured. The first report states that the accident was caused by a broken rail and that the rear coaches were the most seriously injured. At the Wabash offices nothing can be learned other than that an accident has really occurred.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

CHICAGO, December 30. Dr. Rauch, Secretary of the State Board of Health, returned from Peoria last night, where he said he found thirteen cases of small-pox, but thought the city authorities had the disease fully under control. Hearing of small-pox at Eaton, Dr. Rauch drove there and learned of a case at a farm house several miles from town. Driving there he found a man suffering from the disease in its most malignant form. He also learned that the nature of the disease not being known thereabouts, a large party had been held at the house a night or two before. Dr. Rauch immediately drove back to town and telegraphed to Chicago for vaccine. He left instructions that every person who attended the party referred to be vaccinated at once. He thinks the spread of the disease there can be prevented in this way.

                THE DETROIT RIOTS.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

DETROIT, December 30. Everything has been quiet among the Poles. A large number of Poles attended the inquest of John Lavitski, the Pole who was shot Christmas Day, but no trouble ensued. The inquest was adjourned until today. No doubt is expressed but that the verdict will be murder, by some person or persons unknown. Last night there was presented for the consideration of the aldermen a petition from the followers of Father Kolasinski, asking the city to interfere and compel the Bishop to reinstate that priest. It was tabled. It is reported that Kolasinski’s emissaries have been among the Polish people circulating the report that a new priest would be consecrated this morning. As a natural consequence trouble is expected and the police are prepared to keep the peace.

                THE YOUNGER BOYS.

The Efforts to Secure Their Pardon Attracting Attention in St. Paul.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

ST. PAUL, MINN., January 1. The brief dispatch sent out from Kansas City a few days ago to the effect that an officer from this city was in that region procuring papers in support of an application for the pardon of the Younger brothers now serving a life sentence in the penitentiary of Stillwater for participating in the Northfield murder and bank robbery attracts considerable attention here. The history of the brothers and their desperate deeds is too well known to need recital, and their release from confinement would create no little excitement, although they have a large number of sympathizers who hold that they are as deserving of their liberty as the Ford boys. The news from Kansas City, however, has led to the development that the Younger brothers have rich and very influential relatives living near Marshall, Missouri, who have been working covertly for years to obtain the pardon of the brothers. The influence of this family, so it is stated, extends to the national capital and efforts are now being made to influence the administration in the direction of clemency. A prison official says that he considers the probabilities of a pardon as very good. Mrs. Wyman, a rich widowed aunt of the prisoners, who has visited them monthly for nearly two years, was at the prison a few days ago, and intimated to the boys that she hoped shortly to have good news for them.

Contrary to what might have been expected from their desperate character prior to their conviction, the boys have proven model prisoners, and all are now holding responsible positions in the penitentiary. They have been given much time to study, the two younger having taken to law and thoroughly posted themselves in legal practice. Cole Younger, the eldest, has devoted himself to medicine, and has so far advanced as to be allowed to treat the other prisoners. All the brothers say that should they be pardoned, they will become professional men.


John Bull Gulps Down Burmah and Its Four Million Inhabitants.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

LONDON, January 1. Those who have predicted that General Prendergast’s conquest of Burmah would not be followed by its absorption into British India are now shown to be very much out in their calculations. Today the Government will signalize the New Year by issuing a proclamation signed by Her Majesty, both as Queen of England and Empress of India, and addressed to the inhabitants of Great Britain and Indian, notifying them that the territories formerly governed by King Theebaw are no longer under his rule, but have become a part of Her Majesty’s domain and will be administered during her pleasure by officers appointed by the Viceroy of India. The delay in issuing the proclamation is due to the time required to obtain the consent of the other Powers. Most of them made no objection, but it is said that the consent of France and Russia was tardily and reluctantly given.

          [Articles varied in the spelling of former King. Some said “Thebaw.”]


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

MOBERLY, Mo., January 1. The ill-feeling engendered here between the Wabash strikers and those who took their places last fall, and which was supposed to have long since been forgotten, cropped out again last night, when at precisely nine o’clock, Bill Radell, a non-union workman, stepped into McNinch’s saloon, where he met Harry Barresford, one of the locked-out men, and a pronounced advocate of what he believed to be just, and without warning fired at Barresford, shooting him in the neck. The wood-be murderer dashed out of the saloon on a run and going through alleys and dark places, managed to get several blocks from the business center, but was captured by a posse. The victim is in a perilous condition. He is a clever, jovial fellow who gained some notoriety here during the recent strike by his prompt maneuvers and who was arrested and taken to Jefferson City.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

LOUISVILLE, KY., January 1. The Trades and Labor Assembly of Louisville, in a meeting tonight passed resolutions recommending to Speaker Carlisle the appointment on the labor committee of the following representatives said to be in sympathy with the labor cause: Albert Willis, Kentucky; O’Neil, Missouri; Weaver, Iowa; Foran, Ohio; Cole, Maryland; Bennett, North Carolina; Lawler, Illinois; Hohn, Louisiana; Levering, Massachusetts; Daniel, Virginia; Haynes, New Hampshire; James Farquhar, Hewett; Merriman, New York; Anderson, Kansas; Blount, Illinois; Bound, Pennsylvania; Collins, Massachusetts; Mayberry, Michigan; Reid, North Carolina; Stewart, Texas; Tarsney, Michigan; Taylor, Tennessee; Wade, Missouri; Wise, Virginia; Woodburn, Nevada; S. M. Campbell, Louisiana; and Findlay, Maryland. Mr. Cole is recommended as chairman.


       Treasurer Jordan Likely to Meet With a Refusal When He Asks for the Funds.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

WASHINGTON, January 2. Treasurer Jordan left for New York last night to take charge of the sub-Treasury there. Eighteen expert counters also went for the purpose of counting the Government funds in the vaults. Treasurer Jordan may encounter some difficulty in obtaining possession of the office as it is understood that Mr. Acton, the present incumbent, asserts that in justice to himself and his bondsmen, he cannot turn over the moneys in his charge except to a successor regularly appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. This matter, however, has been fully discussed by high officials here, and the opinion prevails that Mr. Jordan can legally take possession. Should Mr. Acton resolutely refuse to turn over the funds to Mr. Jordan, the Secretary, it is said, could, if he considered it advisable, take advantage of section 3640 of the Revised Statutes, which provides that the Secretary of the Treasury may transfer the money in the hands of any depository of public moneys to the Treasury of the United States to the credit of the Treasurer.


Close of the Missouri River Improvement Convention at Kansas City.

Aid Wanted.—A light-house System Demanded.—Delegates Appointed.

        Congress Recommended to Declare the Kansas River Navigable

From Fort Riley to Wyandotte.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

KANSAS CITY, Mo., December 31. At 10:30 o’clock yesterday morning the River Improvement Convention met at the Board of Trade hall for the second day’s session. Although the weather was much more congenial, the attendance was not materially increased, but the interest displayed in the proceedings was conclusive evidence of the fact that all were in earnest. The new delegates enrolled were: Hon. C. B. Russell, of Lafayette County, Missouri; L. R. Elliott, President Board of Trade of Manhattan, Kansas; Colonel Lewis Phillips, Major J. G. Tremplee, A. N. White, C. M. Lachland, and Captain J. W. Bryant of Mexico, Missouri.

At nine o’clock, before the meeting of the Convention, the Executive Committee held a meeting in the Board of Trade Hall for the purpose of determining the place for the next meeting of the Convention and other matters. Chairman Bolter presided. On motion of G. D. Baker, and after considerable discussion, Omaha was chosen as the place of the next meeting, which will be opened on the first Wednesday in September, 1886. The Secretary introduced a resolution, which was adopted, to assess the different cities and Boards of Grade on the Missouri River, from St. Louis to Fort Benton, for the purpose of defraying the necessary expenses incurred by the Executive Committee in prosecuting the work in hand. The amount needed was estimated at $1,500, and the Secretary was instructed to call for 25 per cent of the amount immediately. A resolution was adopted instructing the Secretary to formulate a call for the Omaha Convention and to make the basis of representation the same as the Kansas City call, with the addition of ten delegates at large from each State and Territory, and to request the Governors of each State and Territory bordering on the Missouri River to appoint delegates in conformity thereto. The committee then adjourned to meet at the call of the President.

                 THE RESOLUTIONS.

After the preliminaries of the opening the first work in the order of business was the report of the Committee on Resolutions, which was as follows.

To the President and Members of the Missouri River Valley Convention:

Your committee respectfully submit the following resolutions for your consideration.

WHEREAS, In view of the fact that appropriations are being asked from Congress for the improvement of the great Western waterways, and that this convention has been called in the interest of the great Missouri River Valley; therefore,

Resolved, That it is the earnest wish of the people of the Missouri Valley in convention assembled at Kansas City, Mo., these 29th and 30th days of December, 1885, that Congress do at once appropriate for improvement of the Missouri River one-half of the amount asked for by the Missouri Commission for the year ending June 30, 1867, in order that this commission may be able to resume their work as early in the spring as economy demands, and that we ask the Senators and Representatives of the Missouri Valley in Congress that they make it their foremost business to secure such an immediate appropriation.

Resolved, That this convention insist that a member of Congress from the Missouri Valley be placed upon the House Committee for Rivers and Harbors, as an act of patent justice to the people of the valley of the largest river in the Nation.

Resolved, That we recommend the establishment of the light house system from Kansas City to Fort Benton, and an adequate appropriation from Congress for the purpose of establishing and maintaining such system.

Resolved, That a committee consisting of two members from each of the States of Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, and Minnesota, and the Territories of Dakota and Montana, be appointed by the delegates present in this convention from the said States and Territories, whose duty it shall be to lay before Congress in the most effective manner the demands of this convention as expressed in these resolutions. The names of said committee to be reported to this convention before final adjournment, and that the respective board of Trade in the Missouri Valley be requested to add one member each to this committee.

Resolved, That it is the wish of this convention that the committee heretofore appointed, cooperate with the Executive Committee for the improvement of Western waterways, and the committee appointed by the late convention at St. Paul, in all their efforts to secure the results they were charged to seek.

Resolved, That we urge upon all Senators and Congressmen from the Missouri and Mississippi Valleys to heartily unite in order to secure proper and liberal appropriations for the improvement of Western and Northwestern waterways, and to demand such help from the National Government as the best interests of these sections justly demand, before voting the appropriation of public money for other and less National objects, and for sections of our country which have hitherto been most favored by the distribution of Government assistance.

Resolved, That we view with surprise and solicitude the omission of all mention of the needs of the Western waterways from the message of the President of the United States, and that we, as representatives of the people inhabiting the entire Valleys of the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers earnestly urge upon the President to call the attention of Congress, by special message, to the needs of these sections in the matter of international improvement, and we trust that the omission was made with the view of making a more emphatic and elaborate presentation by a special message at a later day.

Resolved, That we recommend Congress to pass a law declaring the Kansas River navigable from Fort Riley to the mouth at Wyandotte City. That all artificial obstructions are nuisances and as such must be removed or so altered that they no longer exist as impediments to steamboats and vessels coursing said river, and that in accordance with the recommendation of Major C. R. Sutter, United States engineer, an appropriation of $480,000 be made and expended to fitly and properly adapt said Kansas River to the more successful transit of commerce.

Resolved, That the attention of the Missouri River Commission is hereby respectfully called by this convention to the great damage done and threatened by the Missouri River at a point nearly opposite Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, where the Federal Government has large property interests, and where the iron bridge which spans the river is in imminent danger of losing its connection with the Missouri shore, thus destroying the most immediate communication between that important military post and the East. Respectfully submitted.

D. H. McINTYRE, Chairman.

R. B. WINDHAM, Secretary.

The resolutions were presented by the chairman of the committee, and pending their adoption he explained in detail the character of the work and the ways most conducive to its accomplishment.


Colonel Crisp of Independence opened the afternoon session. The following resolution was introduced by Mayor Neely of Leavenworth.

Resolved, That the Missouri River Commission is respectfully requested to so apportion the money appropriated for them by Congress as to protect the commercial points on the Missouri River from damage, such improvements to be a part of the general improvement of the same for purposes of navigation.

Mr. Walker of St. Paul introduced the following.

Resolved, That this convention respectfully demand of the Missouri River Commission as the custodians of our interests, an official expression of their judgment on the following questions:

First: How much money can be judiciously and economically expended per year in the improvement of the Missouri River.

Second: Does this Commission believe it wise to divide this river section as recommended by the Northwestern Water Ways Convention of St. Paul and by this convention and that the allotments of money by Congress should be equally divided and placed in charge of separate engineers.

Third: That the answer of these questions be requested in the form of a supplemental report to the Secretary of War.


The different delegations then took a recess of fifteen minutes for the purpose of selecting delegates to the meeting to be held in Washington January next. On returning the following were reported as provided by the resolutions.

Nebraska: R. B. Windham, C. Hartman.

Iowa: Judge James, Council Bluffs; F. F. Evens, Sioux City.

Missouri: R. R. W. Hartwig, St. Joseph; W. H. Miller, Kansas City.


Kansas: J. D. Barker, Girard; Dr. S. F. Nealy, Leavenworth.

Montana: T. C. Powers, Helena; T. A. Comings, Fort Benton.

Minnesota: Colonel W. Crooks, St. Paul; Platt B. Walker, St. Paul.

Dakota: W. H. Beadle, Yankton; W. Thompson, Bismarck.

A hearty welcome was assured the delegations on their visit to Omaha at their next meeting by Mr. Chase, ex-Mayor of that city.

A vote of thanks was then tendered Major Warner for kind consideration to the officers of the convention, the Kansas City Board of Trade, and to the citizens of Kansas City.

The farewell remarks by Judge Cole, of St. Louis, were touching, and filled with a charming vein of earnest enthusiasm.

The convention then adjourned.


Defeat of the Arabs Near Kosch in a Heavy Engagement.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

CAIRO, December 31. A dispatch from Kosch says Lieutenant General Stevenson, commander of the British forces, recently arrived here with large reinforcements and attacked the rebels who have been menacing the garrison several weeks. A three hours fight ensued, resulting in the British troops capturing Genisa village, near Kosch. The rebels were completely routed. The cavalry pursued the enemy, capturing two guns and two banners. The English lost one officer, killed, and twenty-one wounded. The Egyptian allies of the British lost six killed and thirteen wounded. A recent report stated that the Arabs at Genisa were riflemen. They had six guns and plenty of ammunition. The guns were placed in earth works and the line of fire was directed on the Nile, so as to oppose the passage of a steamer. Abd El Kader, Pasha, Minister of War, formerly Governor of the Soudan, in a recent conversation on the Egyptian question said: “If the English retire on Wady Haifa, they must retire on Assouan, then on Cairo. Every pace in advance gives the English 100 friends, every pace in retiring gives them 200 enemies, half in front, half in rear. England may gain victory after victory, but if they are followed by retreat, the English Government has uselessly wasted blood. There is not one in ten who will not believe in England’s defeat. I say that a retirement now would be fatal.” When asked whether the question was insoluble, he replied: “No; it requires two things. First, a fixed policy to crush the rebellion; and, second, money. Let England attack the enemy in force, and after the latter’s defeat, open negotiations. With native emissaries and money, England could detach the soldiers who are now the backbone of the rebellion and also some tribes who are always jealous of each other.” When asked what sum would be required, the Minister said: “Perhaps £2,000,000, but this policy would be the cheapest in the long run.” The rout of the rebels was so complete that General Stephenson is hopeful that it will obviate the necessity for further operations. British men-of-war have been ordered to blockade the cost of Egypt from Massowah to Suez in order to prevent the importation into the Soudan of arms and ammunition for the Arabs. The Arabs fought stubbornly and five Emirs were killed. Twenty dead Arabs were found in one house.


Close of the Session at Topeka.—Papers Read.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

TOPEKA, KAS., December 31. The third day’s session of the State Teachers’ Association began at nine a.m. yesterday and at once resolved itself into the several sections. In the common school section the first paper was on “Preparing Students for Citizenship,” by F. W. Hiddleson. The next paper was on “Geography,” and it was discussed to considerable length. Miss Goodspeed, of Topeka, led the discussion. The next paper was on the subject of “Securing the Cooperation of Parents in Teaching,” by Mrs. Nora D. Shawer, of Troy. In the college section the first paper read was on “Aesthetics,” by Prof. G. W. Spring, of Lawrence. The next paper was on “Practical Instruction in English,” by Eunice A. Lyman. A paper on “Original Work on the Part of Students,” was read by President Wood, of Ottawa, and discussed by Prof. Canfield. The meeting closed with a paper on “The Election System,” by Prof. McVicar of Washburn College. The normal session was opened by a talk by Dr. J. P. Williams of the State University on “Mechanical Pedagogy.” Miss Ida Allborn of Baker University next read a paper on “What is Teaching?” Prof. Tillotson read a paper on “Model Recitation.” O. R. Marvin of the State University read an excellent paper on “Light, Warmth, and Ventilation.” The session was closed by Miss Emilie Kuhliman of the State Normal with the subject, “Kindergarten Work.” All the different sections completed their programmes in the forenoon, and in the afternoon a union meeting was held. Resolutions of thanks were accepted and the closing session was held last evening, at which time an address was delivered by Chancellor Lippincott, and remarks made on the National Association. After this a few farewell speeches came and the association adjourned sine die.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

PITTSBURGH, PA., December 31. Father Lobietski, of the Penn avenue Polish Church, who recently figured as a defendant in an assault and battery suit, and against whom charges of drunkenness were preferred before Bishop Phelan of the diocese, has been suspended by the Roman Catholic Church. It is said that his followers in the church are very much exasperated over his removal, and threats of mobbing the Episcopal residence have been made.

              PAGE TAKEN BACK.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

ST. LOUIS, December 31. William E. Page, the man who robbed the Adams Express Company at Golden City, on Monday, was taken back to that place last night by Detective Erskine. It is expected that Page will turn up an additional $1,400.


It Adjourns Sine Die.

The Cases Yet Remaining to Clear Up.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

WASHINGTON, D. C., January 2. The Court of Alabama Claims adjourned sine die Thursday evening, after an existence of two and a half years. Judge A. S. Draper, who was appointed a member of the court by President Arthur, left immediately for his home at Albany, N. Y., and it is understood he will be made Superintendent of Public Construction. Judge Asa French will depart from his home at South Braintree, Mass., about the 12th, but Judge Harlan has not yet determined when he will leave for Iowa. Since its organization the court has allowed 1,602 first-class, or direct, damage claims, involving about $5,100,000. It has passed upon 4,149 second class, or war premium, claims, awarding $10,705,000 to 3,642 claimants, decided 230 cases in favor of the United States and dismissing 267 cases. After the payment in full with interest to date of awards of the first-class claims, there will be sufficient on hand of the Geneva award fund to pay 51 per cent of the second-class claimants, and all the papers will be filed with the Secretary of State. The work that will be required to close up the court completely can be accomplished by the retention of the present clerical force until the close of the fiscal year, and the amount necessary for this expense will not exceed $15,000 for all contingencies.

       TABOR’S TROT.

He Goes All the Way to Washington to Lobby an Alleged Expense Account.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

WASHINGTON, January 2. Ex-Senator H. A. W. Tabor has been around Washington for the last two or three days. He says that he has come here to spend at least part of the winter. He has had heralded from the West in advance of his coming that he is again very rich. If Mr. Tabor has recovered anything like his lost fortune, it is incomprehensible that he should come to Washington for the purpose of lobbying through a small bill appropriating to him the sum of $7,058.05. This claim is based upon a charge made by Mr. Tabor when he was Postmaster at Leadville. He alleges that he disbursed this sum of money for necessary clerk hire. The employment of these clerks was not authorized by law or the department. Mr. Tabor was too exclusively employed in looking after mining interests at that time to be able to give any attention to the post-office. He hired clerks; and now, in spite of his alleged wealth, wants the United States to reimburse him. His bill will not be allowed. If the precedent were to be established of paying postmasters for the employment of extra clerks, so as to enable the heads of the offices to attend to their own private affairs, claims for millions of dollars would be put in at once.


                  His Inauguration as Governor of Virginia Pronounced a Brilliant Affair.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

RICHMOND, VA., January 2. Governor Fitzhugh Lee was inducted into office yesterday in the presence of the General Assembly of Virginia gathered in joint convention in the House of Delegates, the galleries and every inch of available standing room being occupied with interested spectators, including many ladies. The rotunda and approaches thereto were also crowded with people, all eagerly striving to gain admission to the hall, or to catch a glimpse of the new Governor as he passed. The inaugural ball and reception occurred at Armory Hall last night. Governor and Mrs. Lee occupied a dais at one side of the hall and were presented to the 1,500 ladies and gentlemen present. The ceremony occupied till midnight, when the banqueting and dancing began simultaneously. It was the most brilliant affair in the history of the old commonwealth. The beauty and chivalry of Richmond and other cities were fully represented. The hall was beautifully decorated with flags, banners, and palmetto leaves, and a palmetto tree sent from South Carolina for the occasion stood near the entrance.


           Several Colored Men Killed by a Boiler Explosion in Mobile, Alabama.

A Gas Well Near Kittanning, Pennsylvania, Explodes, Injuring Several Persons.

Many Persons Asphyxiated in Kingston, Ontario.

An Organ Grinder Killed by Electricity.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

MOBILE, ALA., December 30. This morning one of the boilers of the Gulf City Oil Works exploded with terrific force, blowing out the east and west walls of the building and destroying the adjoining sheds. At the time of the explosion J. S. Staunton, of Social, Ga., the foreman and twenty-four colored hands were at work. A crowd soon collected and began extricating the wounded, whose cries could be heard from all parts of the debris. When the work was finished, it was found that ten were killed and injured, as follows: J. S. Staunton, fatally injured; Israel Brasley, fatally scalded, has since died; Archer Hicks, fireman, fatally injured; E. P. Jones, fatally scalded; Morris Wallace, Willis Black, Daniel Jackson, and Peter Chastein, burned to death, their charred bodies being found in the debris. Richard Hunter and William Borden were also seriously injured. The explosion is attributed to lack of water in the boiler. It occurred just after midnight. The whistle had just blown for lunch, or the casualties might have been greater. The Coroner, assisted by experts, is investigating the accident. The injured are being cared for at their homes.


KITTANNING, PA., DECEMBER 30. At a gas well being drilled for the Kittanning Iron Company, three miles from Kittanning, an explosion occurred about noon yesterday in which ten men were burned. The cause of the explosion is yet unknown. Detective Stevenson, who was but a few rods off, extinguished the fire under the boiler, which was but fifteen feet away from the derrick immediately after the explosion. He thinks the gas ignited from that, while others say it caught from a spark thrown from a piece of iron which was being sledged. The owners were at the well testing it and the pressure was so strong that it forced off the gauge. A sheet of flames enveloped everything in the vicinity and burned the derrick and rigging. Those burned were: Charles T. Nealer, Superintendent; Henry Colwell, President of the Kittanning Iron Company; George Miller, contractor; Andy Stoffer, tool dresser; George Knap and Frank Kiskadden, drillers; John C. Doty, watchman; two Lambin boys; one boy unknown. The attending physicians fear some of those injured will not survive.


KINGSTON, ONT., December 30. This city has met with a grievous affliction through corporate negligence. On Monday a gas main burst. The company was notified, but took no steps to remedy the defect, contenting themselves with notifying residents of the locality to open the doors and windows if they smelled gas. An immense volume of gas found its way through an old sewer for a mile into another portion of the city and got into the house by the sewer traps of closet pipes. The residents did not know their danger when they retired for the night. The alarm was first given by Jacob Stock, an old herb doctor, who discovered J. Sharp and wife, an aged couple, under the influence of gas and almost dead. Sharp was lying on the floor almost frozen. He had got up in the night, became unconscious, and was unable to retire to his wife or call her. He has since died. Mrs. Sharp is still unconscious and will die. J. Davis, a shoemaker, his wife, and daughter suffered likewise, and are not expected to recover. A large number of other families had to be carried from their houses, which were broken into and entered at the peril of the rescuers. Some who entered the houses to bring out the occupants were themselves nearly overpowered. Many of them are now under the care of doctors, and their recovery is doubtful.


NEW ORLEANS, December 30. Vincente Mangelia and Salvador Toveicie, two Italian organ grinders, were stationed at the corner of St. Louis and Charles streets today. Mangelia was turning the instrument and Toveicie was awaiting his turn. The latter leaned against a pole of the Louisiana Electric Light Company. A bright flash ran down, and Toveicie gave a piercing shriek and fell dead. Mangelia caught his falling body and was also knocked down and his hand burned to a crisp. There was no power on the wire, the circuit not being completed. It is supposed that the Louisiana wire was crossed by a Brush wire, and that the electricity ran down to the lower wire, and the pole being damp was carried to the ground.


LANCASTER, PA., December 30. The boiler of a threshing machine in a barn near New Providence exploded this morning, killing two young men named Christian Hildebrand and Edward Helm. The former was hurled fifty feet away. Frank Edwards was seriously scalded. The barn was set on fire and consumed with its contents. It contained twenty-three head of cattle, two mules, nine horses, three cows, ten hogs, 1,800 bushels of corn, 5,000 bushels of wheat, and a large amount of hay.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

CHATTANOOGA, TENN., December 30. Nine buildings on East Ninth street were destroyed by fire this morning. The following are the losses: R. B. Peeple, Jno. Sally, R. N. Brennan, J. P. McMullen, the hall of the sons and daughters of Zion, and Smith & Peck. The total loss $15,000. The insurance is $6,000.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

NEW YORK, December 30. Last evening Edward Livermore, a Wall street banker, was lodged in jail on an execution against his person by reason of a judgment held against him by James W. Freeman. He failed in 1879.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

PITTSBURGH, PA., December 30. Early this morning James Kane, a well-known rough, shot and killed John Wright, an inoffensive colored man. The latter had accidentally stumbled against Kane. The murderer was locked up.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

NEW YORK, December 30. The steamer Gellert, from Hamburg, arrived last night, reported: “December 27, at 1:30 a.m., rescued seventeen men from the wrecked schooner, Ivanhoe of Gloucester.”


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

MADRID, December 30. The marriage of Infanta Eulolla has been postponed until February on account of mourning for King Alfonso.

             NEWS NOTES.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Five Lebanon, Ky., business houses were burned the other day.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Mrs. George Augustus Sala died at Melbourne, Australia, recently.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Des Moines officers have much difficulty in attempting to enforce the prohibition law.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The Lancaster, Mass., National Bank closed its doors on the 31st. Cashier McNeil is missing.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The propeller Pequot crushed into the ferryboat Alaska at New York recently. No lives were lost.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Ephraim Beasley, a well-to-do farmer of Wilson County, Tenn., accidentally killed his son, aged six years. Mr. Beasley, who is very near-sighted, was chopping wood, when his son came in front of him and was struck by the ax, splitting his skull.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

There were 2,500 fires in New York in 1885, and the total loss was $3,800,000, as against 2,400 fires, with a total loss of $3,474,647 in 1884. The cost of 1,843 buildings projected during the year is $54,000,000.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Attorney General O’Brien, of New York, it was reported, would defend the Emigrant Commissioners on the part of the State of New York in the suits which have been brought against them by the companies for $11,000,000 paid as head money.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The shipping of New Brunswick has fallen off the past year 20,000 tons. The tonnage of vessels registered at St. John is the lowest since 1871. Thirty St. John vessels, valued at $330,000, have been lost during the year and only twenty vessels added. With two or three exceptions, all the ship yards in the province are idle.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The Cork Steam Packet Company has declared a dividend of 2 ½ per cent, which the directors stated was all that was warranted by the profits of the company during the past year. At the end of 1884 the company paid a dividend of five per cent. The difference in the profits of the two years is due to the boycotting of the line by the cattle dealers.


FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Receipts in the local markets are light, with hogs, $2.75 to $3.20 per cwt.; wheat, .60 to .85; corn, .25 to .27; oats, .20 to .25; hay $4.00 per son; butter, .15 to .20; eggs, .15; chickens, $1.50 to $2.00 per dozen; turkeys, .5 to .6 per pound; Irish potatoes, $1.00; apples, $1.00 to $1.25.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Last week a freighter floated a piece of red flannel from his wagon, as he carried a load of household goods, the property of a discharged employee at one of the agencies, in the direction of the city. “What are you flying your flag for?” a passer-by enquired. “The Territory has gone Democratic,” was the ready reply, “and I am bringing out the remains of the Republican party. I thought we should have colors flying if we dispense with the beating of drums.” This pretty correctly describes the situation. A few traders remain, appointed by a republican administration, and when their licenses expire and they are ejected from the Indian country as unauthorized persons, the Territory will be solidly democratic, and a nice fry there will be there for the next three or four years. Traveler.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Correct, Mr. Geuda Springs Herald: “There is a rumor afloat that the K. C. & S. W. has either sold out to or made a long lease to the ’Frisco of its line of railroad, and that hereafter the ’Frisco will back up the K. C. & S. W. and the G. S. C. & W. We hope such is the fact as that will, beyond all question, make it a competing line with the Santa Fe, and not only give us a Kansas City connection, but a direct outlet to St. Louis. Keep the ball rolling. While we would rejoice at knowing that our road was backed up by a great trunk line, the ’Frisco, we would also like to see it managed by the enterprising men who built it, so far, and have proved themselves railroad men who know how to build and manage a road.”

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The magnificent new addition to the Central Ward school building is finished and is now occupied by Prof. Rice, with the high school, the departments of Miss Jessie Stretch, Miss Gregg, and Miss Bertha Wallis. The interior finish is fully as complete and neat as the exterior. This additional room greatly lessens the jam the schools have experienced this year so far. And yet we haven’t school room enough. There is not a city in the State that shows a handsomer and more commodious school building than our Central Ward building, as now completed. It is a beauty and a joy forever—an honor to the city and the personal pride of every citizen.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

We are informed that Judge McDonald, while in Chicago a short time ago, called on the Sweet family, who wee quite extensive property holders in this city at one time, but allowed their property to be sold for taxes, and offered them $1,000 for their right to all property in Arkansas City, which they accepted, and made him a deed to that effect. If this be a fact, we shall look for some lively rackets in the real estate line, as the Sweets owned some valuable property here. This change in ownership may make it uncomfortable for some of our citizens who are holding tax titles. A. C. Democrat.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

No, THE COURIER don’t give a two dollar book, a U. S. map, and a dozen chromo’s to induce you to subscribe. We are not running a free gift notion store—we are running a paper first-class in every particular, a Daily and Weekly superior, size and age of our city considered, to any in all the fair west. This is the best and most liberal offer that could possibly be sent out. It catches every time. Every subscriber gets value received. Such a paper as THE COURIER has no trouble getting cash subscribers and plenty of them. People appreciate a good thing and are never slow to embrace it.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

General Green has, during the last two weeks, made sales aggregating $24,000. We found this out accidentally. The General never tells, and much less “blows” about his business. We think this pretty good for dull times, but there is no use in talking, when the General don’t do business there is not much use in anybody else trying. He says he gets up in the forenoon, is an old soldier, but don’t want anybody to raise money to help him. When he can’t help himself and depend upon his own resources, he will quit this mundane sphere.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The bus racket still waxeth. Al Terrill, one of Bangs’ drivers, backed into Hoyland’s bus the other day, skinning the legs of the latter’s horses and making him exceedingly hot. Hoyland then had Terrill arrested. Harrod also ruffled the quiet and peace of Hoyland and was arrested. Both cases were passed in Snow’s court today, till the attorneys are ready to take them up. McDonald & Webb are attorneys for the defendants.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

When, O! when will this slow Democratic administration put a mail service on the K. C. & S. W. railroad? THE COURIER has subscribers, both weekly and daily, at Floral, Wilmot, Atlanta, Wingate, and Latham who are entitled to a daily mail service and are much inconvenienced by having practically no regular mail service at all.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

F. W. McClellan says that this winter is a better time for his stock than were the months of October and November. His cattle are grazing on green grass in the timber, which is some eight inches high, and on a patch of timothy, which is green and high enough to get hold of well, and are getting fat on no other feed. Talk about climate, Cowley County beats the world.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The Russia leather case, with silver traveling cup, the token of Miss Ida Trezise, was omitted from the list of presents at the Matlack-McMullen wedding. Also Mr. and Mrs. C. Collins and Mr. and Mrs. Frank Sydal and perhaps others were unintentionally omitted from the chronicle of those present.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Some of the leading citizens of Winfield paid Attorney Henry Asp a deserving compliment in presenting him on Christmas with a silver tea service and a gold headed cane, as a token of his valuable services and deep interest in the welfare of their city. Henry, we congratulate. Udall Sentinel.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

While a farmer was standing in front of the post office Tuesday admiring the warm sun, he stepped back, putting his foot into vacancy, which caused him to throw his weight against the window, smashing one of the large panes of glass.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

J. S. Lyon is just finishing one of the neatest homes in the city, on east Ninth, nine blocks out. It is of the Queen Ann design, prettily painted and very complete on the interior, with about ten rooms. The location is admirable.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Mr. and Mrs. F. D. Adams, daughter of Mrs. A. Defenbaugh and sister of Will and J. E. Jones, left on the Santa Fe today for their home in Butler County, after a two weeks visit here.


Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The meetings at the Baptist church are doing much good and are well attended.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

R. C. Maurer, one of Dexter’s wide awake farmers, was over from the Grouse Wednesday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

James Scofield came in on the ’Frisco Monday eve from Pierce City for a week’s visit.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

A. D. Speed was over from Wellington Monday eve looking as handsome and natty as ever.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Walter Tomlin returned to the State University Saturday. Alva Graham went back today.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Dr. and Mrs. W. T. Wright left last evening for a few weeks at Jacksonville, Illinois, among friends.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

John DeWater, from Ohio, an old friend of John McAllister, is here and will locate near Maple City.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Married, January 1st, at Kansas City, Mo., by the Rev. De Frost Bishop, Mr. C. C. Pierce and Annie E. Quarles.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Hon. J. Jay Buck, father of Livey T., came down from Emporia Saturday to remain until Saturday, visiting Col. McMullen.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Frank McLain was down from Burden Friday, where he has been visiting a week. He is now located at McPherson.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

George Dresser and family have moved up from Arkansas City. He will take possession of Rodocker’s gallery in a few days.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Capt. John Lowry and wife are home from three weeks in Washington, D. C., and other places down east, having had a delightful time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

P. A. Earl and Elothea Nichols; Geo. S. Jennings and Virginia R. Lowry are the latest matrimonial victims of the Probate Judge’s office.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Mrs. A. B. Lemmon and children returned to Newton Saturday, after spending the holidays with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Al. Carr is down from Emporia to spend New Year’s with his friends here. With beard all over his face, he is changed, but has the same laugh and twinkling eye.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Robert Rodgers is in from Syracuse, for a few days at home. He and his father are running a lumber yard there and doing well. He will return Thursday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Mrs. W. G. Seaver has returned from an extensive visit in St. Joe and the care-worn, woe-begone visage of Walter has brightened and assumed its wonted smile.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Joe Mitchell and Charlie Myres laid $12.25 on the “plain drunk” altar in Judge Turner’s court Monday. They got too much mechanical purposes Saturday night.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Mrs. E. Allison, living on the Dr. Rothrock farm, three miles southwest of town, died Monday. She was twenty-two years of age and leaves a husband and one child.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

C. W. Taylor is home from four weeks at his old home, Cassopolis, Michigan. He had a very enjoyable vacation and comes home renewed for active biz. His wife remained, for the winter.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Tom K. Tingle came in from Harper Saturday evening, and has joined THE COURIER force. He is recently from Lima, Ohio, and an old friend of Willis A. Ritchie and Tom J. Eaton.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Miss Mattie Harrison, of Hannibal, Missouri, is again here for a visit with her aunt, Mrs. J. C. Fuller. Miss Harrison, during her former visit here, made many friends who will be delighted at her return.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The body of Mrs. E. Allison, who died Monday night at the Dr. Rothrock farm southwest of town, was sent over the S. K., last evening, to Shreve, Ohio, for interment. It was accompanied by husband and relatives.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Miss Alida Moore, sister of Mrs. P. B. Lee, left Friday eve on the S. K. for her home in Bowling Green, Ohio. During her seven months visit here she proved up a claim in Clark County. Rev. Lee’s little daughter, Edna, returns with Miss Moore to attend school.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Marshal McFadden starts out in the morning on the poll tax warpath and those who don’t want to see him had better prepare their cave and get in. Nothing but a perpetual hide will save you. And even then the marshal’s keen scent may down you.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Mrs. G. H. Buckman and daughter, Stella, after several weeks’ visit at Cherryvale, have gone to Hannibal, Missouri, to visit another sister. The Judge makes a mighty jolly and handsome widower, but we are afraid the trial will soon begin to tell on him.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The Republican says Rev. S. B. Fleming is to be retained as pastor of Arkansas City’s Presbyterian church. He had decided to take the presidency of Wichita’s Academy. The A. C. folks got up a big petition, raised his salary, and wouldn’t let him go. They are very sensible.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Old Boreas turned himself loose Saturday night, coming down from the north in withering blasts, mingled with snow. And still it howled Sunday and today, and to back it up, the news went over the wires today, “Look out for heavy cold wave.” Get out your Alaskan garments.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Dick Howard, of the A. C. Republican, was up Tuesday taking in the boss city of the Southwest. Dick continues to make the Republican bloom like a spring daisy, one of the best local papers that reaches our table. It usually looks very “holy” after we get through with it.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Gene Wilber, of Rock, dropped in on THE COURIER Tuesday. He observed the magnificent large family bible presented to one of our force Christmas and was much taken with it. He remarked that he generally kept up with the late publications, but this had in some way escaped him.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Among the long standing and highly esteemed patrons who complimented THE COURIER by New Year’s calls were Mr. B. F. Walker of Southeast Walnut; Adam Sipe, of South Fairview; W. A. Freeman, of Winfield; Justus Fisher, of Liberty; John Bower, of Walnut; and R. R. Phelps, of Burden.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

D. Taylor exhibited in THE COURIER office, Friday eve, a wild cat pelt of immense proportions. It was killed by Will Davis in the Territory. It stood two and a half feet high and was four and a half feet long. Mr. Taylor expressed it to an Indianapolis taxidermist, to be stuffed. He will keep it as a representative of the wild west.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Mr. James Thomas, of Silverdale township, who has been trapping along the Arkansas this season, caught a huge panther a few nights ago. He found the panther dead in a cottonwood tree, where it had climbed with the trap on its foot. The chain became entangled in the limbs, got around the panther’s neck, and hung him. A. C. Democrat.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Miss Mamie Baird entertained a number of her young friends Friday eve. She is a charming entertainer, and with music, cards, dancing, a choice luncheon, etc., all spent the evening most enjoyably. One of the pleasant events of the occasion was the recitation of Miss Minnie Baldwin, “Kentucky Belle.” She is an elocutionist of superior natural talent and culture.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

J. H. Anderson, one of our live farmers, called Saturday. He thinks the prospects are for one of the best wheat crops we ever had and he hopes for better prices for the next crop. He compliments Bliss & Wood for keeping up the prices so high that no one can afford to ship wheat to Kansas City, or rather, so high that one can almost afford to ship from Kansas City to Winfield.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The City Fathers held their regular conclave Monday night. Present: Mayor Graham and Councilmen Connor, Myers, Crippen, Baden, and Harter; absent, Councilmen Jennings, McDonald, and Hodges. A petition to close general merchandise stores on Sunday was tabled. Petition to fix the road to west bridge, ditto. The following bills were ordered paid.

Q. A. Glass, coal, $3.25; J. C. Fuller, rent council room, January, February, and March, $30; J. C. McMullen, rent fire department building, Dec., $25; City Officers salaries Dec., $129.98. Bill of Water Company for $1,572.50, hydrant rental from July 5, 1885, to Jan. 15, 1886, was found correct and the clerk ordered to issue an order for the amount, bearing 7 per cent interest. Bills of Hose Co. No. 1, $40; Hose Co. No. 2, $33; W. H. Clark, chief fire marshal, $4.00; Black & Rembaugh, $23.50. Treasurer’s report for quarter ending Dec. 15th, 1885, was found correct. City Clerk was instructed to ascertain cost of lumber to re-floor west bridge. The finance com. was instructed to deduct, as usual, the moonlight nights from the Gas Company’s bill, and the city attorney was instructed to carry the case of Winfield vs. the Gas Company to the Supreme Court. The marshal was ordered to have the K. C. & S. W. railroad fix its crossing on North Main. The curb-stones around the gas posts, where they interfere with water hydrants, were ordered fixed. The City agreed to furnish rock for crossing to Bliss & Wood’s mill, that firm agreeing to lay the same. The Marshal was ordered to have Mr. Croco lay his walk according to ordinance.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

George Martin’s new residence, corner of Manning and 10th, is progressing right along and will make a very neat home.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The roads, for a day or two, have resembled the ragged edge of an old saw. But this bright sunshine will fix them all right.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Did you ever realize how free from crime Winfield is? The only thing to break the monotony of Marshal McFadden and Night-watch McLain is a plain drunk occasionally. In a city with the continuous life and bustle of Winfield, this is remarkable, and would hardly be so if it wasn’t for our excellent city and county police force. Our officials are always on deck and the “standing in” business is unknown to them. Everybody who kicks the “statoots” is mighty soon squelched.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Now the Chinese washees are having a tough time in Wichita, the Knights of Labor having resolved against them. Refusing to pay any attention to warnings to leave, brick bats sailed through their windows and around their heads. But John washee pulled his little “pop” and stood them off. The Chinese being here by leave of law, should have decent treatment. They stand on their own merits. Their low, dirty habits are disgusting, but their frugality and indomitable energy are worthy of emulation by many a “Melican man.” They are the greatest workers and savers on earth.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

He was one of the most woe-begone specimens of the male persuasion who has struck this town for many a day. His elbows were cut through his pantaloons, a tuft of hair protruded through the gallery of his hat, and his coat was buttoned with splinters pulled off of board fences. He inquired of our rambler work. When asked what he had done with his summer’s earnings, he replied he “blowed it in,” before leaving Missouri, and then struck for a prohibition state to make a stake. He only stayed long enough to beg a filling for his alimentary canal.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Winfield’s boom is steady and solid. It has come to stay. We are not depending, like many of our rivals, on an intervention of Providence to keep our heads above water and give us future vitality. Our surroundings and grand possibilities are sufficient to furnish trade for a city of 20,000 inhabitants, which we will have in a few years. Then our manufacturing interests are constantly widening, and our side resources are our net work of increasing railroads, our Imbecile Asylum, which will consume a large amount of produce, our college, whose students will come from all over the State, and various other public and private resources of extensive dimensions. The growth of Winfield and Cowley County have been steady and substantial and stands second to no city or county in the State, anywhere near their age. And all this advancement and future promise is backed by a people whose intelligence, energy, and social culture are absolutely unexcelled. If you would be wise, wealthy, and happy, cast your “wad” in Winfield.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The Santa Fe is entirely blockaded by snow from Kansas City west. It had a thousand men at work Sunday and Monday clearing away the snow. The branch train came down from Newton, but the through traffic won’t before tomorrow, if then. The northern and central part of the State had an immense snow storm, extending over Sunday and Monday. No through trains have gone over the main Santa Fe line since Saturday. The heaviest blockade is near Dodge City and further west. Our end of the storm was very slim.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

About 10 days ago R. E. Grubbs went to Winfield, ostensibly to pay his taxes and to see the K. C. & S. W. officers in regard to his putting a train boy on the route between here and Beaumont. He has not been seen or heard of since, although considerable inquiry has been made to learn his whereabouts. Before going Mr. Grubbs borrowed all the money he could on his stock of confections in his restaurant. The sum obtained was in the neighborhood of $300. When he was ready to go, he told his wife he was going to Winfield and took the early Santa Fe train. From Winfield he went to Cherryvale, where all trace of him was lost. The cause of his disappearance was, we are informed, the accumulation of debts.

A. C. Republican.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Shame on the two young men who came to East Bolton from Geuda Springs to see their sweethearts. After they had started home, one of the wheels of their buggy broke, and they went to the residence of Mrs. Abi Davis, and said they lived in Arkansas City, and that if she would let them have a wheel from her buggy, they would return it the same evening. Three weeks rolled around before she heard of it, and when she heard of the property, it had been expressed from Geuda to Arkansas City, with express charges which Mrs. Davis had to pay, and, besides, the wheel is so damaged it cannot be used. A. C. Republican.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Geo. H. Dresser, photographic artist, removed his studio to Winfield today. He has established his reputation in this city as a first-class workman, and many of his patrons regret his removal. Mr. Dresser has done a good business during his stay here, but being under contract to take Rodocker’s gallery in Winfield, his change of base is a sort of legal necessity. Dresser is a useful citizen. A. C. Republican.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Mr. E. B. Gault, of Vernon, interviewed the COURIER Tuesday. He says there was never a better prospect for wheat at this time of the year. His cattle and other stock are fattening on what they can graze from timothy and other green grasses. He has fed on only two or three of the worst days of this winter so far. Mr. Gault is one of our best farmers.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

We earnestly request all persons knowing themselves indebted to us to call and settle their accounts. Cooper & Taylor.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Elder George Berry of Des Moines, Iowa, filled the pulpit of the Christian church Sunday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Sunday was a miserably bleak day, yet churches of the city were well filled, for the morning service. You can’t keep Winfield people away from church, and nothing could speak higher for the superiority of our citizenship.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

One of our ministers said, Sunday, that if every christian would quit going to the postoffice on Sunday, they would very soon convert Uncle Sam and make him shut up his letter shop on the Lord’s day. Uncle Sam is a hard man to tackle.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The ministers have decided to put denominationalism in the background for awhile and make a general attack on the devil’s breastworks. No opportunity will be given during these revival meetings to join the church. After the meetings are over, the converts can join any church their conscience dictates.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Brother Kelly said in his sermon Sunday morning that he was going to get out of that “institution over there”—the parsonage. It checks the opportunity for him to receive socially the people he wants to. He must have more room. It is about time the M. E. folks were shoving that old parsonage off and putting up a handsome Queen Ann. That building was built in the early days, way back in 1873, and is clear out of harmony with the Winfield of today.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Rev. Kelly preached a forcible sermon Sunday morning on “True Worship,” based on the 33rd Psalm. He endorsed the modern public mode—the finest churches, the finest music, the finest preachers, and the finest general church appointments. He don’t believe in the old-fashioned, plain, long-visaged, long-psalm religion that don’t admit of high art in music or anything else. He wants plenty of mirth in religion—the fulfillment of its true import, happiness, peace, and prosperity, with a glorious beyond.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

“My son, be strong.” This was the advice Paul gave to Timothy. In these days we need fellows with backbone, not sickly milk sops, lamb-like weaklings, or fashion-fettered fops, but strong men. We must be strong in faith, strong to resist temptation, strong to fight in a good cause, strong in physical energy, and vigorous in work. Not slothful, but full of the sacred vivacity, the heaven-born ardor which conquers every difficulty, and knows not the meaning of defeat. Never let fleshy lusts, the worlds false blandishments, or sins fatal attractions rob you of that which is the supreme glory of man—his strength of character. This is our sermon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

A preacher spends hours and hours of weary toil on a sermon. He polishes it to the finest gloss and has some magnificent pith. What a happy thing for him that he can’t look into minds of the majority of his congregation and ascertain how little of his sermon is retained. This morning we caught three or four deacons together. We hadn’t been out to their church, and the thought occurred, now is the chance for a pious point. “What did your preacher preach about yesterday?” was queried. The one asked rubbed his pate, thought a minute, and called on one of the others. It went the round and not a man could tell the text and two of them acknowledged that they couldn’t even tell the drift of the sermon. Now, this was no fault of the minister: he is one of the best in the State. It was inattention. People go to church, apparently more to liquidate an obligation than anything else, and sit through the services either asleep or dreaming of outside affairs. And this is more common among old church members than others. It is seldom we can find an “old sinner” who has been at church that can’t tell all about the sermon. The deacons want to wake up.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The first of the series of union revival meetings led by Rev. Patterson, the Chicago revivalist, began at the Baptist church Sunday. The house was packed and the meeting one of much zeal. The choir was the largest ever together in Winfield, over twenty of the city’s best singers, including the members of the Presbyterian, Methodist, and Baptist choirs, with Miss Maud Kelly at the instrument. Revs. Kelly, Reider, Miller, and Snyder occupied the pulpit and assisted in the services. “One Thing Thou Lackest,” was the subject of Rev. Patterson’s sermon. It was very appropriately and effectively applied. Mr. Patterson is a gentleman of good appearance and talks business from the word go. There was no common-place exhortation about his sermon. He took a business foundation and in a quiet, conversational way argued his points. His manner, after he gets well started in, is winning, and his logic unanswerable. He has had great success all over the country in revival work. The meetings here start off very promisingly and much good is anticipated. Mr. Patterson’s subject this afternoon was “Why some people’s prayers are not answered.” The meetings convene at 2 o’clock in the afternoon and 7 in the evening, to continue indefinitely.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Last week we started from Winfield on a trip to the southwestern part of the county, arriving in Dexter Monday evening. Dexter supports a church, a good, lively newspaper, several stores, a photograph gallery, two livery stables, and a hotel. The school, under the management of Mr. McClelland, is in an excellent condition, but too crowded for room. However, the citizens have voted bonds, and expect soon to begin the erection of a $4,000 school building. The people here are anxiously awaiting the building of the D., M. & A. R. R. to this point as it will be a great benefit to them. We made the acquaintance of a number of the citizens among whom were Mr. Meredith, proprietor, and Mr. Whorton, local editor of the Dexter Eye, who have our thanks for favors shown us.

From Dexter we went to Otto, which place we had been told was “the Confederate X roads” and now we believe it. We found one man in this place who admitted that he could read and accordingly subscribed for THE COURIER. But he old us that he was not permanently located and did not know how long he would remain.

Next we went to Maple City, a thriving little place on the stage line between Otto and Arkansas City. Here we made the acquaintance of a number of THE COURIER’s readers and secured several new subscribers. We also visited the fine stock farm of Josiah Johnson, about one and a half miles east of Maple City. Mr. Johnson took pleasure in showing us his herd of more than 50 short horn cattle and some high bred trotters. During our stay in Maple City, we visited the lyceum and were highly entertained, especially by the reading of the Maple Leaf, edited by Mr. Snyder. As the Leaf is quite outspoken, some of the boys asked us to “write up” the editor, but they will please excuse us, as it is out of our line of work.

Returning toward Dexter on New Year’s day, the farmers had a barbecue near Mr. Houston’s, about three and a half miles west of Dexter, and they very cordially invited us to partake of the feast with them, which we did and helped eat the first goat we had ever seen cooked. W. B. Mabey was the chief cook and he thoroughly understands his business. The farmers of this vicinity are very hospitable and we would be pleased to enjoy another feast with them. Here we met J. A. Elliott and A. Drury, both old subscribers to the COURIER, and they assisted us in increasing the list. ZEKE.

                THE JUSTICE MILL.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Burton L. Weger vs. City of Winfield. Trial by jury and verdict for defendant, and that the case was without cause of action, throwing the costs on the plaintiff.

Marion Implement Company vs. Brotherton & Silver. Dismissed as per stipulation on file.

Sarah Cardiff vs. Michael Cardiff. Divorce granted on grounds of desertion and abuse, with alimony of $500 and custody of child, defendant to pay costs.

Motion was confirmed for the sale of real estate in case of Mary H. Buck vs. W. D. Matthews.

State vs. Martin L. Houser and Francis A. Shinkle, charged with obstructing the highway with wire fence. Defendants arraigned and plead not guilty.

The case of the Winfield Gas Company vs. the City of Winfield, on construction of ordinance whether the city shall pay for gas on moonlight nights or whether it shall be deducted from the $30 a year per post was grinding before Judge Torrance today. It was presented by the plaintiff in elaborate printed briefs. J. F. McMullen was for the plaintiff and Joe O’Hare for the defense. The Judge decided in favor of Gas Company.

A motion was filed Monday to quash the information in the Frank W. Graham trial, who is charged with getting away with $160 from his employers, A. V. Alexander & Co. The grounds are: that the information does not state facts sufficient to constitute a public offense. Ellis Lewis and A. A. Graham, father of Frank, are the defending attorneys, from Eskridge, Kansas.

The court was grinding today on the case of the Winfield Bank vs. J. B. Nipp and G. H. McIntire, a tax injunction suit.

The case of Simeon Vaughn, for the murder of David Hahn, a year ago, has been remanded to Sumner County, by consent of all parties. It was brought here on change of venue.

Winfield Bank vs. J. B. Nipp and G. H. McIntire, tax injunction suit. Case presented and taken under advisement.

O. M. Stewart vs. Davis A. Merydith et al. Trial by jury, and finding for plaintiff for $720.75, with judgment vs. Peter Thompson, on verdict.

C. E. Foss & Co. vs. Philip Sipe. Jury empaneled and sworn.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The bridesmaid of today is a bride tonight. It has been vaguely hinted that the deed was contemplated. The “best fellow” of the contract has carried around with him a faraway look, as if expecting something very unusual—something of life-time moment. Now it is all over. Rev. H. D. Gans was called in Friday evening last and Mr. George Jennings and Miss Jennie Lowry were united in heart, hand, and fortune. It occurred at the home of the bride’s parents, Capt. and Mrs. John Lowry, in the presence of only immediate relatives. Both are well known and popular among our young folks. Miss Lowry has grown to womanhood in Winfield, is a graduate of our High School, and has always been active in the city’s society. Mr. Jennings is a brother of the Senator, A. H. and S. H., and one of Winfield’s best young men—frugal, genial, and sturdy—just the kind of young man that oftenness make successes in life. THE COURIER, with many friends, wishes Mr. and Mrs. George Jennings all the happiness and prosperity obtainable in a long life.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The Pleasant Hour Club met last evening and arranged for its fifth annual Bal Masque, at the Opera House on Thursday evening, the 19th inst. Committees were appointed as follows: On invitation, George T. Schuler, Addison Brown, and Frank H. Greer; On floor, J. L. Horning, D. L. Kretsinger, and J. L. M. Hill; On reception, Hon. W. P. Hackney and wife, Hon. C. C. Black and wife, Col. J. C. Fuller and wife, Senator J. C. Long and wife. With the great social activity that characterizes Winfield this winter, this ball will undoubtedly be one of the biggest successes the club has yet scored. Invitations will be issued to only the best people of this and surrounding cities. The indiscriminate scattering of invitations, as is to often the case in big balls of this kind, will be very carefully guarded against. The invitations will be out in a few days. The Club is determined to mark this occasion with eclat of the highest order.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

The revival meetings at the Baptist church, lead by Rev. Alexander Patterson, of Chicago, and the ministers of this city, start off with great zeal. Rev. Patterson based his sermon last night on Acts VI:18,—“Be it known unto you that through this man comes forgiveness of sin.” It was a very earnest and forcible sermon, put in a simple, business way, proving that all men are sinners and that only through atonement is righteousness obtainable. Much interest is already manifested. Mrs. Patterson is a beautiful singer and adds much to the effect of the music. The large Baptist church is crowded for every service.

               CITY ROLLER MILLS.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Having got our mill fitted up with the most approved machinery and operated by a miller of large experience, we are making a first-class flour. Having fitted up for the purpose of doing an exchange trade, and being centrally located for the convenience of farmers who may have business in Winfield, we invite all to give us a trial and they will find at the top both for the quantity and quality of flour given for good wheat. Always on hand for sale or exchange. Flour, Graham Flour, Corn Meal, Hominy, Graham Feed and Ship Stuffs.

Kirk & Alexander, 8th ave., west of Lynn’s store.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

To the public I wish to state that the affairs of the late Farmer’s and Merchant’s Bank, of Oxford, have been satisfactorily adjusted, I having paid every outstanding draft and every certificate of deposit, dollar for dollar. No man has or shall lose a dollar through me. The Bank will resume business again about January 1st, 1886, under the management of J. C. Brewster and L. J. Buchanan, the former, cashier, with a capital of twenty-five thousand dollars. It has been thought best to change the name of the Bank, and it will hereafter be known as the Sumner County Bank. James Brewster, Oxford, Kansas, December 19, 1885.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

I am agent for the celebrated Sandwich Corn Shellers. W. A. Lee.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

For Sale. A No. 1, 160 acre farm, 3½ miles northeast of Winfield. Well improved, good house, barn, and orchard, and one half of crop goes with farm. Price $8,500, ½ by Jan. 1st, 1886, balance in one year. See O. P. Fuller adjoining premises on east, or address C. A. Roberts, Santa Rosa, California.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

John C. Irvin, an old resident of Cowley, now in Lexington, Kentucky, sends us the following letter descriptive of Kentucky’s pioneer days and material development. It contains many points of romantic interest.

In the first part of the last century, about twenty miles above Philadelphia, there stood on the banks of the Delaware a log cabin, in which lived Daniel Boone. He was born on the banks of the Delaware in 1734 and there he lived until he was about sixteen. Step into the log cabin and look at him. He has just returned from a little log hut, where an Irishman keeps a school for the boys and girls in the wild forest nook. There he stands, boy of muscle, quiet, self-reliant, with keen eyes and ready hands. As he grew up he showed great skill as a marksman. He was an elegant woodsman, easily threading the intricate forest in pursuit of game. He was sharp to follow a trail through the grass, over the dead leaves, and in and out of the swamps. If the boy could only have had the training in schools, as well as in nature, what a great power he might have been in after life. When Daniel was about sixteen, his father moved to North Carolina, to Holmon’s Ford, on the Yadkin. In this wild, solitary country, Daniel Boone lived until he was a man, with a wife and family. But beyond the mountains was a new country, which lay along the banks of the Kentucky river, and which had been partially explored by Boone. So one day there set out for Kentucky a party of several families, including Boone and family. It was a journey of several hundred miles. Daniel was the leader of this pioneer band, and when they arrived at the point of their destination, they erected a log fort on the banks of the Kentucky; and other parties came so that the fort was enlarged and became quite a settlement. The fort was called Boonesborough, which was the center around which was grouped several other small forts, such as Harrodsboro, Boiling Spring, and St. Asaph.

Pioneers were laying the humble foundation stones of a flourishing state, but the opposition of the Indians was stubborn; and as the war of the Revolution opened, their hostilities were all the fiercer. It was a cunning, malignant fight on the part of the Indians, and at any point, bush covered and reaching out into the river, might be moored a birch bark canoe filled with Indians, ready at a moment’s notice, to slip out and shoot down the river to attack the fort.

This structure was a stoutly palisaded enclosure, and here were ten log cabins, connected by palisades, forming a renowned palace of logs, and styled “the Gibraltar of Indian warfare.” Boone was a leader among the colonists, quiet but very daring, keen, strong, cool—more than a match for his savage foes in a fair fight.

The following story of his capture and the siege of the “log Gibraltar” will illustrate the dangers of frontier life.

Salt was very much needed at the fort, and about one hundred miles away were valuable salt springs. Animals were fond of visiting these waters, and the four footed visitors would lick the salty earth about the springs, giving it the name of “Salt Licks.”

Boone, with a party of thirty men, started for the supply of salt, cautiously stealing their way through the forest, lest the Indians might discover them. On reaching the springs they went busily to work, making salt by evaporating the water. Boone was off one day, hunting game to supply the salt makers with food, when lo! a hundred Indians came suddenly upon him and captured him; although Boone could run like a deer, the Indians got the advantage of him and he was made prisoner. The other salt makers also surrendered.

Boone’s experience was of great interest, as the Indians admired his skill and courage, and would gladly have made him their chief. They “adopted” him into one of their families, scourging him in order to take the white blood out of him, painting his cheeks, and dressing him like an Indian. While they admired him, they watched him, for they knew that he was one of their most dangerous enemies.

He was now far from the fort at Boonesborough. The Indians knew as well as Boone that he could not get to the fort, though he escaped from them, unless he was able to hunt for game to supply himself with food as he journeyed.

They allowed him to go off with his rifle, but they would count his balls and charges of powder, so that, when he returned they would calculate whether he saved for flight any of his ammunition, probably expecting him to bring back so much game for so much powder and balls, holding him responsible for any deficiency. What did Boone do but cut the rifle balls in halves and ram down half charges of powder, hiding all of the savings for flight.

Boone overheard some interesting talk one day. His captors thought that he was ignorant of their language, as he pretended to be, and while they were gabbing away he heard them discuss a plan whereby four hundred and fifty men were to attack Boonesborough. A bloody Indian attack upon the forest home where his wife and children were. They were unaware of it, and he knew it, although he was an Indian captive a hundred and sixty miles away from the fort. He concluded that he must get home in some way, so one June morning, very early, the white man with his rifle on his shoulder, went out to hunt, but later, the “beloved adopted” son was missing.

There was great consternation in the Indian camp, many runners going out after him; but Boone was off for Boonesborough. Threading forests, splashing through brooks, traversing swamps, and crossing the Ohio in an old leaky canoe, which he found and mended; and he closed on the 20th the one hundred and sixty miles journey which he began on the 16th. This was a famous flight.

Arriving at the fort, he learned that his wife and children had returned to North Carolina, thinking that he had been killed by the Indians; but there was the fort to be defended. It was strengthened for a siege and provisions were laid in.

Boone was now forty-three, active, persistent, daring—and all of these resources he needed to cope with the Indians. How thickly they swarmed around the fort. They numbered over four hundred, and at their head was a British officer.

Indians on the warpath when they are daubed with paint, are naturally objects of terror, and what could fifty men in the fort do against these demons? Boone told the foe, though, that the colonists were determined to defend their fort as long as a man was living.

Then the enemy made a proposition: “If nine of us,” is Boone’s own record, “would come out and treat with them, they would immediately withdraw their forces from our walls and return home peaceably.” Boone was vigilant. There went out nine of the strongest men to meet the other side, near the fort, in a spot covered by the rifles of the garrison.

The treaty prepared by the British officer, General Duquesne, was accepted, but Boone suspected that the Indians would not be satisfied; and what a trap the cunning savage thought they had laid to capture the post.

Old Blackfish, the Indian chief who had adopted Boone in his captivity, and from whom Boone had so ungratefully run away, proposed a ratification of the treaty, saying that their custom at treaties was to ratify by letting two Indians shake hands with each white man.

Boone consented knowing his own strength and the strength of his men, and remember what sure marksmen stood with leveled rifles behind him. Hands were joined, then what a scene! The Indians trying to haul off the whites, the other Indians springing forward, Boone’s men struggling away, while crack! crack! crack! went the rifles at the fort; but Boone’s party safely escaped, only one being wounded, and then the gates of the fort were closed.

For nine days and as many nights, the whooping, yelling enemy assailed the stronghold of the whites. They even attempted to undermine the post by starting at the waters’ edge, they dug into the bank, but the garrison, detecting their design from the muddiness of the water, dug a trench that would cut across their underground avenue. The enemy discovered this and threw down the shovel and raised the siege and departed.

To show the skill of Boone as a marksman, it is said that he discovered one of the enemy in a tree 525 feet away, doing great damage with his gun. Boone aimed his rifle at him and when he fired, the Indian fell to the ground, a bullet having reached his brain.

In 1780 Boone and his brother were hunting when a party of Indians surprised them, killing the brother and chasing Boone, aided by a strong, sharp-scented dog, but Boone outran the Indians, killed the dog, and reached the fort in safety, after running about three miles.

It is a blessed fact that every war comes to an end, and Boone lived to see Kentucky rejoice in peace, and welcoming thousands of immigrants to his “Old Kentucky Home.”

Ten years after the Indians had murdered his brother, Kentucky had a population of over seventy thousand.

In 1846 the remains of Boone and his wife were brought to Frankfort, Kentucky, with marked public honor, and there reinterred. How many there were in Kentucky to rise up and welcome home the body of the old pioneer.


Bible College, Lexington, Kentucky, December 17, 1885.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

J. B. Scofield made final settlement in the P. B. Court, yesterday, of the estate of N. M. Scofield.

F. M. Savage made final settlement in estate of Marinza Baun.

The matrimonial factory has ceased to grind: till another victim comes along.

Sarah Wilson made final settlement in the estate of Philander Wilson, deceased.

L. C. Fleming made final settlement in the estate of E. A. Huff, deceased.

L. D. Moore was appointed guardian of the estate of Mary H. Moore, a minor.

This week starts off dull matrimonially. No licenses issued since Friday. But the future bodes much.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

On and after March 1st, 1886, the sw ¼ of section 3, township 33, range 3, in Beaver township, owned by A. B. Story. A. H. Green, Agent.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Skipped Market Reports.

           LEGAL NOTICES.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Recap. Notice to take Deposition. McDermott & Johnson, Attorneys for Plaintiff. District Court case: Robert O. Bradley, Plaintiff, Against Emily M. Defendant. Plaintiff to take depositions of sundry witnesses to be used as evidence in his behalf in above noted trial. The depositions to be taken at the office of Geo. E. Towne, situated over the store of Montgomery & Talcot, at the corner of Dunkirk street and the Square, in the town of Silver Creek, county of Chautauqua, January 21, 1886.

[Note: Am going to skip ads unless I find that they are new and have street addresses, which will help to locate them. MAW]


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.



         Painters, Grainers and Paper Hangers.

          Estimates Furnished on all work and satisfaction guaranteed.

Corner 10th and Loomis St., opposite Court House square. WINFIELD, KANS.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.




Orders left with J. J. Carson & Co. will receive prompt attention. No extra charge for transportation.

M W. SAWYER, Arkansas City.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.



Plumbing, Gas and Steam Heating A Specialty.

We are Agents for the Eclipse and Althouse, Wheeler & Co. Windmills.

Dealers in Pumps, Pipe and Fittings.

          Estimates furnished on short notice. We guarantee our work to be first-class.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.



Shelf and Heavy Hardware,


Plumbers, Gas and Steam Fitters

Hose, Reeds, Lawn Sprinklers, Gas and Water Plumbing at Lowest Rates and

       Satisfaction Guaranteed.

West side Main street between 9th and 10th avenues.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1886.

Furniture and Carpets.

Having secured the exclusive right of the Patent Carpet Exhibitor, I am prepared to

               SELL CARPETS LOWER

than ever. Call and see the wonderful invention, even if you don’t want to buy carpet. I will also keep in stock

             Carpet Sweepers, Stretchers, Binding,

Oil Cloth, Carpet Felt, Door Mats, Rugs and Matting. Also the largest, latest, and most select styles of Parlor, Chamber, Dining, Office, and Kitchen Furniture to be found in the county. Picture frames of all kinds, oil paintings, chromos, water colors, brackets, towel and hat racks, foot rests and blacking boxes, and other articles too numerous to mention. Also keeps on hand a full line of mattresses. When in need of any article in my line, please call at

918 Main Street, East Side.


                THE WINFIELD COURIER.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

“Did you ever realize what a queer thing a woman is?” Queried a young married man to THE COURIER elongated this morning. “They are funny creatures, sure enough,” he continued. “This last five months have been tough on me. I have been way out in the ‘wild west’ starting a business and proving up on a claim. I have only been home twice in all that time. You ought to see the letters my wife wrote me. She was dying to have me come home. She couldn’t live another month without me. She would eat me up if she could get hold of me, and so on—you would know how it is yourself if you had a duckie darling. Well, I arrived here yesterday and rushed over home, expecting to surprise her and get a big reception. She was down town. I started in search of her. For two mortal hours I looked and looked among the jam of Main street and in the stores. At last I spied her and made rush. She was buying dry goods at the counter and this is about the reception I got. ‘Why, Harry, is it you? I’ll take four yards of that, please. When did you come? Have you any of a darker shade? Do you think these buttons will match nicely? Give me a dozen of those. You may show me some—’ but I couldn’t stand it any longer. With an awful pain in my pocket and feelings all broke up, I asked her how soon she would be home. ‘Now, don’t tease me, Harry,’ she replied. ‘Can’t you see that I am busy shopping? You had better run along home. I’ll come after awhile.’ The pain in my pocket almost doubled me up as I wondered when she would let up. I went home. Four hours later my wife came home and with her about a wagon load of stuff. My heart went clear down to my toes and I thought the awful stitch in my pocket would kill me as the bundles were tumbled down on the floor. It took her all the evening to unwrap the packages and examine their contents—you know how a woman must go over everything she buys and hold it to the light and look at it from all points of the compass and talk about it. Well, about midnight my sweet little wife exclaimed: ‘Oh, Harry, you’ve just come home and after being away so long and I haven’t kissed you or told you I was glad to see you. Here.’ And the little darling hopped around as though she had just got her eyes on me, since my return. And as long as I live I’ll blame it all on that infernal shopping.”


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

“My son,” remarked a fond parent of this city, “I see you gradually becoming a man and have for several years been wiser than your old father and mother. You are now at the age when you wear tight pants, a very short coat, and an Alaska diamond on your small hands and carry a cigarette in your mouth shaded by a little fuzz on your upper lip. Yesterday you told your old mother that we were too old-fashioned that you were ashamed of us. You have the habit of coming home at 1 a.m. and informing us you have been attending church. The girls say you are ‘so sweet’ and men of sense call you a ‘dude.’ Now we never had a dude in our family before and I am going to make quick work of this one. I want you to take notice that the old man’s scrip is mighty good at the bank and a dude’s is at 100 per cent below par. Also that the old man’s word is his bond and that your bond backed by my name will also pass, and that if you do wear a biled shirt, a tight pair of pants, and an Alaska diamond, and part your hair in the middle, the scratch of my hard old hand will do more than 100 pages of your autograph. The old man may not be worth noticing but he is very convenient to have about the first of very month ‘and don’t you forget it.’ Now you are my only boy and you want to get up and hump yourself. You have the world before you and can make yourself just what you please. You ban be one of these beings upon two legs called a “dude” or a useful man respected and honored by your fellow citizens. After I am dead and gone, I don’t want any dude representative, nor am I going to have one. John Henry, we will proceed to the woodshed where I will at once take some of the dude out of you and will continue the application from day to day until you are entirely remodeled.” For some minutes the hiss of the shrill tremble, “I am no longer a dude, father; I ain’t no dude.”

                THE JUSTICE MILL.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The jury in the case of Foss & Co., Chicago Commission firm, vs. Philip Sipe, brought in a verdict last night for the defendant for $40.

Field & Co., St. Louis agricultural implement firm vs. Brotherton & Silver. Jury empaneled and evidence started, and pending a motion to one of the defendant’s answer, a compromise was effected and the jury dismissed, Brotherton & Silver agreeing to pay $87.50.

Frank W. Graham, the A. V. Alexander & Co. peculator, at Arkansas City, was arraigned and plead not guilty. Case was set for trial on the 22nd.

J. W. Cottingham vs. K. C. & S. W. railroad appeal from right of way allowance. Now on trial by jury.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

A little frigidity in the atmosphere only adds vinegar to youth. The Pleasant Hour Club had the liveliest hop of the winter Friday evening. Without, it was stingingly cold, within the Opera House it was as warm and pleasant as a morning in May. Arthur Bangs, with his buses, gathered up the party, about twenty-five couples, in double-quick order, delivering them home with equal alacrity, in the “wee sma” hours. A livelier or more congenial party of young folks couldn’t possibly be found. They went in from the start for a good time and supreme jollity reigned throughout. A number of strangers, ladies and gentlemen, were out and were delighted with the geniality and comeliness of the city’s social circle as there represented.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Colfax, W. T., December 28, 1885.

DEAR COURIER: I wish you a happy New Year; I also want you to correct the mistake made in my last letter. When you say we wanted to raise $1,200, it ought to have read $12,000. We have 140 students enrolled, with many more coming after the holidays. Then you will send us a few hundred dollars with more heart when you know it is $12,000 instead of $1,200. We need several times twelve thousand before we get through, for the building we have is like putting baby pants on a two-thirds grown young man. With great respect, I am as ever yours. J. Cairns.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Mrs. George W. Sanderson, 1117 East 11th Avenue, died Thursday. The funeral occurs tomorrow at the Christian church, of which denomination she was a faithful member, at 2 o’clock p.m. She leaves a husband and two children, a boy and a girl, the former fourteen and the latter sixteen. Mrs. Sanderson was a lady of many estimable qualities and her death, scarcely without warning, is a very sad blow to her family and friends.


Of the Early History of Cowley County and Winfield.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Thinking it would be an appropriate time in the beginning of the year to review the past, and get the personal experiences of our early settlers, we started out on an interviewing bout and first called on Cliff M. Wood, who answered our questions as follows.

“During the winter of 1868-1869 while counter jumping in the store of H. L. Hunt & Co., at Cottonwood Falls, Chase County, Kansas, I accidentally overheard a conversation between James Renfro and Frank Hunt concerning a beautiful country way down the walnut river in a wild Indian country near the Indian Territory, known on the map as Cowley County. My curiosity was somewhat excited and I at once determined to investigate and explore for myself. I went directly to a friend of mine, U. B. Warren, then a prosperous hardware merchant, doing business in the same town, and told him what I had heard. We both at once resolved to make the trip, and about the first day of April, joined team to a spring wagon and started up the south fork of the Cottonwood river, thence down the Walnut to El Dorado, then a small village, and the county seat of Butler County, where we stopped for the night. The next day we came on down the river as far as Muddy creek, at the north end of Cowley County, where we stayed all night with a cattle man by the name of Turner, the first habitation we came to in the county. Next morning we pulled out to explore the then forbidden ground we found below Turner’s ranch. First came Eli Sayles’, about two miles; next came John Jones’ cattle ranch near the mouth of Rock creek; below him John Watson; after him we found no habitation or sign of civilization except signs of claim taking, until we reached James Renfro’s claim, known now as the Gilleland or Taylor farm, where he had a neat little hewed log house erected with a good roof without doors, windows, or chinking. We stopped for information and something to eat. After dinner Mr. Renfro, Warren, and myself mounted our horses to explore the situation and condition of things at the mouth of Dutch creek (now Timber creek). About three-quarters of a mile below Renfro’s, we came to Judge T. B. Ross’ cabin, where his son John and mother now live. Mr. Ross had only a square pen of logs without a roof, doors, or windows. We then came on to Dutch creek and crossed at the ford just above where the bridge now stands. Upon reaching the top of the bank and coming out on the little prairie, I remarked, full of enthusiasm, “Gentlemen, there is my peach orchard and yonder on that elevated piece of ground is or will be the county seat of the county.” The other men agreed with me after examining the mill site where Bliss & Wood’s mill now stands. I proceeded to take a claim by blazing an oak tree yet standing on the ravine northwest of the depot, writing with lead pencil, “this claim taken by C. M. Wood.” We then went back to Mr. Renfro’s, from where we started back to Cottonwood Falls fully satisfied that we had found what we were looking for. Upon our return to Cottonwood, we told the people of this beautiful country, which to them seemed incredulous. I at once arranged my affairs and came down with goods for trade, such as flour, coffee, sugar, and in fact, quite a stock of general merchandise, with some building material, and commenced at once the erection of a house on the high ground about 25 rods southeast of where Bliss & Wood’s mill now stands. This building was 18 x 26 feet, 10 feet high, made by cutting logs of uniform size about 14 inches in diameter, splitting them in two, hewing the flat sides, and taking off the bark, as it would peel off smooth, then these slabs were set upright in the ground two feet deep, batted on the inside with shaved “stakes,” and made quite an imposing house with open front. When the house was not yet finished and when I was at work on it, a stranger came to me and introduced himself to me as E. C. Manning, from Manhattan, Kansas, who said he was looking up the country, and wanted to know if I wanted any help. “What kind of help?” (Noticing that he was not a laboring man.) He said, “With your town site.” I told him I did, and after some talk he went away very much undecided as to the venture; was doubtful about the land coming into market.

I disposed of the most of my goods to the Osage Indians, who were on the way to their annual spring hunt and were water bound, the streams all being full of water from the numerous heavy storms that spring. The Indians were in camp on the ground where now stands the cemetery, northeast of town; some 2,000 strong, where they remained for some days, giving no great amount of trouble to the few squatters, but with a threatening, gloomy look, would point with finger to the north and say: “You, pucachee.”

[We propose to give more of Mr. Wood’s remarks and follow them by the results of interviews with other early settlers.]

                OLD BOREAS LOOSE.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Yes, we have had a lovely winter so far, almost continual autumn. Surprises are said to be the spice of life. Perhaps they are. But the surprise Old Boreas has heaped upon us, all in a pile, doubled everybody and everything into a double-twisted, double-concentrated bow-knot. Wednesday night a genuine, Simon-pure, old fashioned Kansas blizzard struck the town on the northwest corner. Old Boreas came down on his muscle, his breath laden with snow and ice, scooped up among the rugged hills of Alaska and the bleak prairies of Manitoba and Dakota. It howled and shrieked around the corners and split in thin whistles among the telephone wires, driving everybody indoors, except the “oldest inhabitants,” who appeared to be perfectly at home. Two or three of him struck THE COURIER with the declaration that this was the only day of the winter that reminded him of old times. Yes, it was a regular. It made ground hogs, Jack rabbits, and coyotes hunt their holes and the old family cat crawl under the stove. The little birds that only a day or two ago were swindled into the belief that this was to be the mildest winter for many a year, winked and blinked and tucked their heads under their wings, looking stiffer’n a poker. The benign countenance of the stove was the sweetest consolation. No business was done and nobody appeared to care. The clerks gazed listlessly out of the store doors and shivered at the prospect without. The center of the street was as uninviting as the ragged edge of a barbed wire fence. A gentleman just from Bliss & Wood’s mill declared that the streak of smoke issuing from the smoke stack of the mill was solidified and the boys, dressed in buffalo coats and caps and pants made of coon skins, were amusing themselves by sliding up that column of smoke and climbing down. A gentleman had a gun repaired at Plank’s and loaded it up to see how it would work, but the blaze froze into an icicle at the muzzle before it could escape. The head of the only whiskey barrel in town was knocked in and the stuff chopped out with a hatchet and sold at fifty cents an inch. A beer keg in a church member’s cellar froze solid, bursted, and the explosion tore up the whole neighborhood, like a dynamite invasion. The only drink that wasn’t frozen was kerosene oil, which, with ice pudding and frosted pancakes, have been the diet of the day. The intellectual machinery of poor e. c. is all frozen into a conglomerate mass and can’t be thawed out before the Fourth of July. Everybody swears that all the matches in town have been consumed trying to thaw out the coal to make it combustible. The electricity froze around the instruments in the depots in great chunks. All the concentrated lye and plug tobacco in the town is frozen solid and dead hogs stand around on their hind feet—in the butcher shops, while dogs’ tails about three feet long and as stiff as pokers, stick out of the sausage grinders. The merchants declare the necessity of keeping red hot pokers to run down the throats of their customers to thaw out their talking apparatus so they can tell what they want. We hear that Arkansas City held a mass meeting today, around a red hot stove, to talk up the feasibility of moving their town to South Africa, while it is froze up into a little round ball about as big as your fist. The Telegram is said to be one solid cake of ice and no editorials need be expected before the next Democratic convention. Every news item in town is frozen up so tight that a fifty horse power engine couldn’t phase ’em. We haven’t told half. And it wasn’t a very cold day either.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The storm shut off everything Thursday. The attendance at the revival meetings at the Baptist church was in vast contrast to the previous night. Only a very few were out and the exercises were of a general nature.


How a Young Man Tried to Marry But Landed in Jail.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Jake Henry, living near Wellington, who, we learn, is not unknown to fame in his neighborhood, had paid his addresses to Miss Mary Wamsley, for some six months, says the Wellington Press. This ripened into a determination, a few days ago, to the effect that Jacob and Mary should know each other as husband and wife. Fate had decreed otherwise, but the young lover decided to die game. Mr. Henry came to Wellington to get the papers that would authorize him to marry the idol of his affections. Right here trouble commenced. Jacob could not get the papers because his intended bride was only sixteen, and he presented no evidence that the parents of the girl had consented to the union. It was arranged by the young people, and here is where we think Jake showed the white feather, that the intended bride should carry the news of their intentions to her father. This she did, and right here Mr. Henry and the intended Mrs. Henry met the second very pugnacious obstacle to the consummation of their plans for happiness. The fact is the stern parent brought his big foot down very emphatically on the wedding. He decided to stop the proceedings at once and no mistake. He call to his aid a neighboring justice and constable and when Mr. Henry returned from the city, he found a very different reception from the hand of his father-in-law expectant from that he had anticipated. Where he had been an accepted visitor, he found gall, and his love sick ears were greeted by a harsh order to leave the premises instanter and forever. Henry did not like the sudden and chilly change in the atmosphere. He inquired the cause thereof, but the old man was not in an explaining mood and by his request Justice Roach supplemented the order from the high court of the vicinity. Constable Kock was “on deck” and thought he would arrest Mr. Henry, but Mr. Henry thought he wouldn’t. He proceeded to the public highway and told the officers they could not arrest him as he had done nothing to be arrested for. Right here it is claimed that the lover committed a breach of the peace. He is reported to have made war like demonstrations. Going from there he went to the residence of Mr. Emmons. The officers reinforced by calling to their aid Mr. Thralls. It was deemed best not to use any violence on Henry, but an attempt was made to put him in a wagon. This was a flat failure. More help was received by the officers. They met Henry as they moved towards the residence of Emmons, when he proposed to go with the officers of Emmons should be allowed to accompany him. Whether this was acceded to by the officers it is not stated, but the cavalcade finally arrived before Justice Roach, where the officer stuck Henry with a fine of $25 and costs. Henry demanded a trial but the justice said he had sufficient evidence to hold him, and the next step was to land Mr. Henry in the county jail at Wellington, where he now languishes, contemplating how much happier his situation would have been had not the law against marrying minors and the will of a stubborn parent been in his way.

                THE CURTAIN DROPS AGAIN.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The curtain is again falling on the last act of another week. The changing scenes of seven more days are shifted from the stage and we rejoice at the coming of another blessed Sabbath—the day when the haunts of weary toil are vacated for rest, sweet rest. The work of the week is done, the labor for good or evil has closed, and we await the dawning of another week. Perhaps we can dwell with gratitude on the good we have accomplished, or perhaps we dread the retrospect of the evil we have wrought. With bright hopes we look forward to the coming week. Were the great rejuvenator, hope, knocked from under us, what a dilapidated set of beings we would be. Hope is the main ballast of the human race. Without it, backed by an honest purpose, the whole of enterprise and progress would stop still, never to go again. It spurs us as we scale the rugged slopes of life. Man is born to hopes and aspirations, as the sparks fly upward, unless nature is brutalized and its immortality squelched. As we look next week in the face, what fond anticipations thrill our soul. Many of our future dreams are unreal, but they tickle the fancy and brighten and strengthen life. As we peer into the mighty universe before us, the bright flames of hope and ambition grow stronger and brighter, and wind their gleaming tendrils in and around the mass of darkness and mystery of the future, lighting its crevices with a view almost real—with just enough uncertainty to buoy us for the labor that brings success. The realizations of the week before us may be few. All our bright hopes may end in darkness. Could we lift the veil and get but a glance, life might lose all its zest, and our beings sink to the lowest depths of despondency. But the veil lifts by degrees. And it is well that it does. Verily, the happiness of pursuit is great; our imaginations are vivid. And it is well that they are.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

If ever a man deserved to be whipped from the face of the globe without being allowed time to go around and get his life insured, it is the person who invented the swear-off annex to the otherwise irreproachable holiday of New Year’s, remarks the bald-headed bachelor of the Wichita Eagle. This exponent of misfit cerebral development comes under the wire a safe lead as an altitudinous crank with the woman who tries to run through a year’s wild career as managing editor of a diary, an easy second. Just why, in the choice language of the country correspondent, he should “cast a gloom over our community” by his struggles, is what no philosopher has ever been able to discover. Everyone has noticed how blighting in effect is the swear-off announcement on a company of savants when the mystic scientific formula of “Lestakesuthin” is uttered by one of their number, and there is a general move toward the druggists around the corner where pleasing experiments in alchemy are conducted. In just the same way Joy goes off alone and dines when anyone of the learned gentlemen draws a case of Havanas, his own private importation from Derby, on the crowd; and the man with good intention, reaches out his hand, then drops it, looking like a quarter-less boy on the wrong side of a circus tent, and explains with considerable feeling, how the doctor has ordered him to give up smoking. This is what you may call grief, prime, first-quality grief, no old, shelf-worn, last season’s stock, but the fresh marketable article. The canker eats into the soul of the swearer-off, as someone in the crowd throws out a remark like this: “Oh, yes; today is New Year’s. It’s all right, but I would hate to meet you with a pocketful of cigars a week from today.”


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Reports come that a great many people froze to death in the western counties. We can get nothing authentic. There is probably much truth in the reports. In that new country, with some people miles from fuel, with poor, un-plastered houses and scanty bed-clothing, a great many people must have perished and few could escape much suffering. Then a great many movers are just going into that country, “camping out” as they go. Such of these as were caught far from shelter by Thursday’s storm, couldn’t have something definite in a day or two, at least. The snow has almost shut off communication with western Kansas, especially points far from the railroad and wire.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

When we think how many families there are in this world who want for fire and food during this storm—how many little ones cry around a mother’s knee for bread, how grateful we should be for the blessings God has given us, and in return for these blessings, should we not search out the needy and see that they have provisions and coal? God will reward the man who not only pities the poor in word, but reaches his hand into his pocket and pays for something that will bring comfort and joy to these needy ones. We haven’t much use for the man who sits in his cosy room before the fire smoking his pipe with ease and saying, “Oh, how I pity the poor, who probably are now hovering over a half smothered coal of fire without fuel with which to enliven and strengthen the fast dying spark,” and never offering to help from his bountiful stove those who are so deserving of his aid. Let us try and make these people feel that they are in a land of sympathy, where the feeling for our fellow man is warm, and our appreciation of comfort is shown by our acts of charity. “The poor we have with us always,” so let us each hunt out some one family who needs assistance and bring sunlight and joy into some home where all is darkness and gloom.

             “OUR DEVIL.”

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Ink bespattered,

Clothing tattered,

With his broom in hand,

Leaning, cleaning,

Rubbing, scrubbing,

Under every stand.

’Neath the cases,

Types and spaces—

Trampled where they fell—

By this Pluto

Doomed to go to

Printers’ leather “hell.”

Running hither,

Darting thither,

Tail of all the staff,

Out and indoors,

Doing all chores,

Bringing in the laugh.

Runs for copy—nor dares stop he

For his paper hat;

All the printers, save the foreman,

Yelling for some “phat.”

“Proves” the galleys; then he sallies,

On Satanic pinion,

From the news-room to the sanctum—

Part of his dominion.

And the bosses—often cross as

Bears within their holes—

Make the devil find his level

Stirring up the coals.

Washing roller, bringing coal, or

Lugging water-pail;

Time he wastes not at the paste-pot,

Wrapping up the mail.

When the week’s done,

Then he seeks one,

Where the greenbacks lay,

There to settle,

For the little

Devil is to pay.

In this spirit

There is merit,

Far from taint or shame;

Often gaining

By his training,

Good and honored name.


Great debaters,

Scientific men,

Have arisen

From the prison

Of the printer’s den.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The various churches of the city, closed a week for the revival meetings, had their usual services Sunday morning.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Elder J. M. Vawter, of Marion, Iowa, has been called to take charge of the Christian church. This gentleman is spoken of very highly as a christian and a minister.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

On the Sunday preceding Christmas, there were 308 in attendance at the Methodist Sunday School, the week following, 315; the next Sabbath, 312; and yesterday, 385, of which number over 70 were in the infant class. Thus it seems that the gospel has greater charms than the hope of Christmas gifts. The attendance Sunday was the largest in the whole history of the school.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

One week of the Union revival services has passed, with two meetings daily, led by Rev. Patterson, the Chicago evangelist, assisted by all the ministers of this city. The interest manifested is wonderful. About a hundred and fifty souls have yielded to the knockings of the spirit, and dozens of others are deeply interested. Not an evening during the week, excepting Thursday evening, when the terrible storm was raging, has the large Baptist church been capable of receiving with comfort, the immense crowds out. Every foot of standing room, in the aisles, corridors, and every place, was occupied.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The men’s meeting at the Baptist church Sunday afternoon was well attended, the house being crowded. Rev. Patterson selected as his text, Galatians, 6-7-8: “Be not deceived, God is not mocked. Whatsoever man soweth that shall he also reap.” It was an excellent discourse, full of warnings to young men and parents. The speaker pointed out the indiscretions of youth and the effect that were sure to follow. Several illustrations were given, where the young man’s downfall was traced from the first drink at home or the first game of cards. Particularly were parents admonished to look out for their children and the temptations thoughtlessly placed before them at home. Such sermons do the public great good. Rev. Patterson speaks right to the point and hits the nail on the head every time. He uses only just the words necessary and most proper. There is no rubbish or waste matter in his sermons. He loads with the choicest ammunition and aims directly at the sinner’s weakest point and hits the mark every time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Rev. Patterson’s subject at the Baptist church Sunday night was, “And the Lord said, ‘My spirit shall not always strive with man.’” He cited how day after day and year after year the spirit of the Lord strived with men and that, many times after long years of resistence, the wrath of God was turned on them—He ceased to persuade and showed His mighty power. The longer you resist, the more hardened becomes your conscience, the further away from the spirit you get, until finally it is irretrievably too late and you go down to death with the record of a wasted life and the surety of eternal torment. Think of a man resisting God—His maker and the supreme ruler of the universe! Is it any wonder, after years and years of loving persuasion, the Lord sometimes turns his back? It was a sermon full of practical pith, free from verbiage. Every word, put in a commonplace, conversational way, counted something. A great deal in few words, is the gist of Rev. Patterson’s sermons. His audience was as large as ever listened to a sermon in Winfield. Long before the hour for beginning the services, the church was filled to its utmost capacity, and the Presbyterian church, already heated and lighted for an emergency, accommodated the overflow. This church was also crowded, and Revs. Reider, Kelly, and Miller conducted the services. Rev. Reider delivered a very forcible sermon, on the text, “They cry peace, peace, and there is no peace.” The leading thought was that the only real, genuine Christ, in the sweet consciousness of living right in the sight of God. At the Baptist and Presbyterian churches together, some twenty-five or thirty went forward.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Did you ever stop to think as you read THE COURIER what a tireless letter-writer it is? Week after week, reaching into year after year, it goes on, telling of marriages, births, deaths, the comings and goings of people, the business successes or failures, the accidents, crops, improvements, in fact events of all kinds. All is grist that comes from the hopper of a good newspaper. Why, if you would undertake to write a letter each week to your absent friend and tell half the news your local paper gives, you would soon give up in despair. The supposed pleasure would soon become tiresome, the letters grow shorter, father apart, and finally quit as tiresome. Why is the difference? Because to the newspaper man it is business.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Again do bleeding hearts realize that sorrow is the accompaniment of joy in the story of life. At 1 o’clock last night the soul of Marie, the sweet little ten months old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Bahntge, took its flight. She had been ill but a day or so, and no danger was anticipated until a short time before the fatal hour, when a congestive chill ended all. The funeral takes place at 2 o’clock tomorrow, from the residence, east 12th avenue, one block south of S. H. Rodgers. It will be conducted by Rev. J. C. Miller, of the Presbyterian church.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

In one of the epistles in the New Testament, there is a verse that reads, “Owe no man anything.” We recommend that for a text, and would suggest in our humble way, that if preached upon and its good advice urged from every pulpit in Kansas, the field for temporal good is greater from that standpoint than any other in the book. That text followed would do away with hard times, it would make business brisk, lighten the load of many a businessman, fill savings banks, and make many a happy home. Debt is slavery. Udall Sentinel.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

A little off, Mr. Udall Sentinel: “The Winfield Courier, of last week, has a letter from this place wherein the writer asserts that buyers are not paying as much for grain as it is worth. George, you’re off. It is a notorious fact that all summer wheat has ruled about five cents higher than in Winfield. The Sentinel claims the privilege of blowing up our businessmen when it thinks they need it, and it cannot allow outsiders to write untruths to the rural press, without calling attention to their misstatements.”

Not Much. Winfield can never be downed on prices in anything that appears in the local markets of the county. Our millers have been paying prices way above the shippers prices, right along. Wheat could be bought, any time this year, most anywhere and shipped in here at a cost not exceeding what our buyers paid on the streets.


            Certain Protection Against Loss.—Negotiable and Bankable.

Some of the Advantages of the Express Money Order System.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Wells, Fargo & Co.’s express, in pursuance of that enterprising spirit which always characterizes its management, of extending to the public every possible facility and convenience in the express business, has adopted the express money order system, which has met with such universal favor among insurance companies, merchants, publishers, businessmen and the public in the east, where many, having learned to appreciate the advantages of this system, request their customers to make remittances in this way.

All agents of Wells, Fargo & Co.’s express are supplied with money orders, bound in small books, each one containing ten, twenty, or fifty orders, and each order can be issued for any sum from $1 to $5. They are for sale at all the company’s offices in Arizona, British Columbia, California, Colorado, Dakota, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Washington Territory, Wisconsin, Wyoming.

Express money orders are undoubtedly a great public convenience. It is not necessary to make written application to obtain them, and they are perfectly negotiable. They can be deposited in banks, remitted as exchange, or paid through bank clearing houses. They insure the public against loss, the company being responsible for the payment of all money orders issued by its agents, while ample provision has been made for refunding money without unnecessary delay in case the orders are lost or misplaced.

Express money orders are payable without any deduction for exchange at 8,000 offices in the United States and Canada, including offices of the American Express company; United States Express Company; Canada Express Company; Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Express Company; Denver & Rio Grande Railway Express; Intercolonial Express Company; and National Express Company.

The rates charged for express money orders in various sums are exceedingly moderate, viz.: For $1 to $5, 5 cents; Over $5 to $10, 8 cents; Over $10 to $20, 10 cents; Over $20 to $30, 12 cents; Over $30 to $40, 15 cents; Over $40 to $50, 20 cents.

Upon comparison we find these rates to be lower than those charged for post-office money orders.

The express money orders, at the option of the purchaser are made payable “to order” or “to bearer,” and when “to bearer,” they will be redeemed without identification, which is an accommodation to travelers and strangers.

This system will prove a great benefit to the public, and we prophesy for it the encouragement and success it deserves.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The Arkansas City Republican thinks it has struck a bonanza point in the following, but is clear off its pedals:

“Our readers are well acquainted with that enterprising journal at Winfield by the name of THE COURIER. We all know that it would not speak falsely, not even in behalf of Winfield. Neither would it antagonize the interests of the country seat, yet that astute journal reports a very big decline in real estate. A short time ago THE COURIER told the American people that the Winfield National Bank had purchased a corner lot on Main street, on which a frame building stood, the consideration being $12,000. Tuesday in the real estate transfers, which THE COURIER publishes, was sold for only $9,500. Great Scotts! How the real estate business fluctuates in Winfield. One day a man is rich in that market, and the next day poor. Life is too uncertain at the county seat for us.”

Yes, the lot mentioned was transferred in name, but not in ownership. There was no purchase about it. The old deed stood in the name of the Winfield Bank, an organized corporation. This corporation changed to the Winfield National Bank a short time ago, with about the same names forming the new corporation. To make the ownership of the lot coincide with the new incorporation, the deed was changed. The consideration cut no figure whatever. It could just as well have been one collar. That lot is one of the best locations in the city, has a magnificent building, and couldn’t be bought for scarcely four times the amount named in that deed. We don’t suppose it could be bought for any price. Try again, Dick.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

We are glad to see it moderating. We expect old settlers will say “this is the coldest spell we ever had and something unusual for Kansas and perhaps it will never occur again.” Very likely it will be an Indian summer from now on. We recollect just such a time as this occurred when we first landed in Sunny Kansas and an old settler revealed the foregoing to us, and we felt much consoled for the frozen ears and nose we were then wearing. It wasn’t but a few days until we had a still tougher time and we came to the conclusion there was nothing that could be called an absolute certainty except death and taxes. Today it is moderating, and many poor people will be relieved from hunger and cold, we hope. We will probably have warm weather in a few days—and probably we won’t. Old Probabilities has been frozen up so tight in the last few days that there is a chance of him being no more good this winter. No doubt many poor folks here have suffered. It is hard enough during the cold season for them to get along with moderate cold, but when Mr. Boreas gets on such a spree, as he is now getting over, it is a bitter pill.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

New Year’s day came on Friday; Washington’s birthday comes on Monday; Valentine’s day on Sunday; April fools day on Thursday; Memorial day on Sunday; Fourth of July on Sunday; St. Patrick’s day on Wednesday; Christmas on Saturday; Easter Sunday will be the 25th of April. Lent begins March 10th. There will be two eclipses, both of the sun, one March 5th, visible in the United States west of the Susquehanna river. This will be annular. The other on August 29th, visible as a partial eclipse here.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The heating apparatus of the Baptist church was out of gear Friday and the union revival services were held in the Presbyterian church with a large audience. Rev. Patterson’s text was Job ix:2—“How shall a man get right in the sight of God?” It was a very practical sermon, abjuring men to live as near perfection, according to the divine and human law, as possible. Think right, do right, and be right. Ten or twelve new converts went forward.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The Frisco train didn’t get in Thursday. The S. K. east bound didn’t get here till 8 o’clock, having stuck in a snow drift at Oxford. It laid over here last night, leaving for the east at 10 this morning. The west-bound S. K. Passenger didn’t leave K. C. last night. This is about the worst time the railroads of Kansas have ever experienced. And “down east” it must be awful. No regularity of trains can be expected for a week.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

W. H. Smith has his boot and shoe stock loaded on the rail, to go to Leavenworth Monday, where he will open a large store. Mr. Smith and sister, Miss Julia, leave Tuesday. Johnnie Willis goes along, starting tomorrow. The departure of Mr. Smith and sister, after six years or more residence here, is greatly regretted by their many warm friends. Mr. Smith thinks he has an opening at Leavenworth unexcelled.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Cherryvale is suffering at the hands of the incendiary. In the past two months several fires have occurred in the town and their derivation is hard to judge. A man was arrested on suspicion, but there is nothing definite. The citizens are up in arms, as it were; and if the guilty party is caught, there is a grave possibility of a lynching bee.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The Pleasant Hour Club was headed off by the storm Thursday after all. The awful storm was too much for the busses. Of course, they weren’t brought out. No horse would face such a blizzard—nobody would want him to. The club will now wait for the masquerade, invitations for which will be out tomorrow.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The K. C. Star’s weather report says to peel your eye for a heavy cold wave and big snow storm tomorrow. Our weather eye is blind.




Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Commencing with the first number of volume 14 for 1886 the WEEKLY COURIER will be enlarged by adding two full pages of reading matter. . . . [Item already printed earlier.]


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Bridge meetings will be held as follows.

At schoolhouse, District No. 48, Oldham Schoolhouse, Tuesday evening, Jan. 19th, 1886.

At Mount Zion schoolhouse, District No. 50, Wednesday evening, Jan. 20th, 1886.

At Vernon Center schoolhouse, District 12, Friday evening, Jan. 22nd, 1886.

The voters of Vernon Township should not fail to attend these meetings. Good roads and bridges make a country convenient and valuable. At a trifling cost Vernon Township can now get a splendid bridge and one of the best roads, direct to markets, our county seat, and our Fair Grounds. Let everybody come. Good speakers will be present at these meetings.

By order of J. M. Householder, H. H. Martin, and Wm. Carter, Township Officers.


In Rock Creek Township.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

At Green Valley schoolhouse, Friday evening, Jan. 22nd, 1886.

At Rock Valley schoolhouse, Saturday evening, Jan. 23rd, 1886.

At Davis schoolhouse, Monday evening, Jan. 25th, a886.

At Rock schoolhouse Tuesday evening, January 26th, 1886.

It is hoped that every citizen of Rock Creek township, whether for or against the railroad proposition now being considered, will attend these meetings, carefully consider and act on the facts submitted, drink in a little of the spirit of progress that is making our fair state the theme of the east, and bind our township with the bands of steel to the enterprise and development of all Christendom. This is our desire, and what we have been praying for for the last ten years. Why not rise as one man and get, now, what is within our reach, place ourselves upon what will be the shortest through line from Texas to Kansas City and Chicago. Delays are dangerous. Let every citizen attend these meetings. Good speakers will be in attendance. By order of Rock Creek township committee.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Meetings to discuss the railroad proposition in Fairview Township will be held as follows.

At Prairie Grove schoolhouse, Friday evening, Jan. 15th, 1886.

At School House New Voting precinct, Wednesday evening, Jan. 20th, 1886.

At Curfman schoolhouse, Monday evening, Jan. 25th, 1886.

Let everybody attend these meetings. Now is our chance to secure for ourselves the shortest through line from Texas to Kansas City and Chicago. Shall we get this to our advantage or shall we let it go elsewhere to our damage everlastingly. Good speakers will be in attendance. By order of Fairview Township Committee.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Twenty-nine newspapers and periodicals are published in Topeka.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

A company of capitalists are figuring on an underground railroad up Broadway, New York.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

There are 14,352,815 acres of land in cultivation in Kansas, about eleven acres to each inhabitant of the State.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The attempt of the Democrats in congress to sit down on Mr. Randall is liable to make him the strongest man in his party.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The Douglas Tribune says that Puffer, engineer on the Santa Fe branch, was held up by tramps in Douglas last week and robbed of forty cents.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The gold and silver money of this country amounts to about $900,000,000, about two-thirds being gold and one-third silver.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The winter wheat in the State at this time is estimated by Wm. Sims, secretary of the state board of agriculture, at 1,801,151 acres.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Dakota cannot hope to bulldoze her way into the Union with a blizzard. She has a right to come in, and should not impair that right by violence.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

It is said that Florida is wintering over 150,000 Northern guests. Now would be a good time to take a census in that State, or to hold an election to break the Solid South.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The weekly Winfield COURIER is thirteen years old. THE COURIER has always been a good paper, one among the best in the State, and has done much in making Winfield the town it is. Wellington Press.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The New York Tribune remarks: “Hosts of great speeches are now being prepared on the silver question. The congressman who handles the subject most wisely will be the one who burns up his speech before he delivers it.”

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The public debt statement for December will show another increase of about $2,000,000, it is said. But, on the other hand, Auditor Chenoweth proclaims a saving of $7.50 by the reduction of an army officer’s travel account, and so the administration’s desperate efforts at economy have not been entirely fruitless.


Few Of Our United States Senators Under Fifty.

Only One Under Forty.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The average age of the members of the Senate, as a body, is about 58 years. The oldest Senator is Morrill, of Vermont, who was 75 last April. Mr. Payne, of Ohio, is the second oldest member. He was 75 the 30th of November last. This includes all of the 70 class. The youngest Senator is Kenna, of West Virginia, 37. The next younger, Riddleberger of Virginia, 45. There are three blushing and bashful Senators who refuse to own up when Father Time commenced to keep tab on them. These men are Logan of Illinois, Harris of Tennessee, and Spooner of Wisconsin. They are all, however, old enough to vote, although the latter might be challenged in this respect at the polls if the contest was close and exciting. It is somewhat coincident that Nevada is represented by two Senators of foreign birth, Jones having been born in England, and Fair at Belfast, Ireland. Sewell, of New Jersey, was also born in Ireland, and also Jones of Florida. Beck first saw the light of day in Bonnie Blue Scotland.

Taken as a whole the disposition of the people seems to be to send old men to the Senate. Take, for instance, the 60 class. There are today sixteen members over 60 years of age. These are Morgan, of Alabama, 61; Pugh, his colleague, 65; Stanford, of California, 61; Brown, of Georgia, 64; Colquit, of the same State, 61; Beck, 63; Wilson, of Maryland, 65; Dawes, 69; Conger, 67; Van Wyck, 61; Pike, of New Hampshire, 66; Evarts, 67; Sherman, 62; Wade Hampton, 67; Maxey, 60; Sawyer, of Wisconsin, 69; and Salusbury, of Delaware, 68.

The young men in the Senate, who are in the 40s are Jones of Arkansas, 46; Berry, his colleague, 44; Gray, of Delaware, Bayard’s successor, 45; Plumb, 49; Blackburn, 47; Hale, 49; Gorman, of Maryland, 46; Sabin, 42; Manderson, 48; Miller, of New York, Conkling’s successor, 47; Mitchell, of Pennsylvania, 47; Aldrich, 44; Butler, of South Carolina, 49; Riddleberger, 41. Senator Kenna is the only member of the Senate under 40.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The principal objection of those who oppose voting the railroad bonds in Rock, Fairview, and Walnut townships to the El Dorado and Walnut Valley railroad is that it will increase their taxes.

That such is not the fact is proved by the statistics taken from the public records of the county which we have once before published and now publish again.

             ROCK TOWNSHIP.

The assessed valuation 1885: $132,800.00.

Tax levy of 1885 except school and road: $2,184.80.

Interest on $18,000 bonds asked for at 6 per cent: $1,080.00.

Valuation with proposed road bed: $178,200.00.

The present rate of taxation on township with road bed, will produce: $3,137.99.

Tax to be raised with interest on bonds: $3,284.80.

Difference and amount to be raised: $226.91.


The assessed valuation 1885: $116,365.00.

Tax levy of 1885 except school and road: $1,844.15.

Interest on $10,000 bonds asked for, 6 per cent: $600.00

Valuation with proposed road bed: $183,835.00.

The present rate of taxation on township with road bed, will produce: $3,143.77.

Tax to be raised with interest on bonds: $2,444.15.

Difference in amount in favor of township: $699.62.


The assessed valuation 1885: $251,338.00.

Tax levy of 1885 except school and road: $3,642.51.

Interest on $15,000 bonds asked for, 6 per cent: $900.00

Valuation with proposed road bed: $305,838.00.

Same rate taxation will produce: $5,229.82.

Total tax with interest on bonds: $4,542.51.

Difference in favor of township: $687.37.


Windsor township in 1879 had a valuation of $73,129.00.

Valuation 1881 with S. K. R. R.: $193,153.00.

Increase in valuation: $129,020.00

Maple township, 1879, had a valuation of $70,307.00.

Valuation 1881 with R. R.: $90,208.00.

Increase in valuation: $20,000.00

The chief objection we have heard from Walnut township is that there is no condition in the propositions, nor any binding writing from the Santa Fe company, to compel it to make a union depot, division station, engine house, or machine shops at Winfield. The answer is that this matter has been well considered, and the best lawyers in the state give the opinion that any writing outside the proposition would be legally void and that such provisions in the proposition would be held as a bid or bribe for votes and prevent the issue of the bonds should anyone apply for an injunction. This matter was freely discussed with the committee at Topeka, and they were satisfied that it was not only useless but fatal to insert such conditions in the proposition. Reason assures us that the company would never extend this branch to Winfield to compete with the other two branches of the Santa Fe at a cost to them of $12,000 to $15,000 a mile, merely to secure $3,000 a mile in township bonds. The bonds are one of the inducements, perhaps the only inducement, for them to prefer Winfield to Wellington, as these division shops, union depot, and general southern headquarters, which reason shows that they need to perfect their system. So if these bonds fail to carry in any of these townships, we are left out in the cold and Wellington becomes the great commercial center; but if all are carried, Winfield becomes the emporium, and we have a trunk road almost an air line from Kansas City and Topeka to Texas with two or more passenger trains each way and other business in proportion.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The list of distinguished men, some of them with reputations world-wide, who died in the year just closed, is so large as to be almost surprising. They embrace many callings. First comes the name of our hero, General Grant, the commander of the greatest army, and most successful soldier of modern times. The other distinguished American soldiers who died during the year are McClellan, McDowell, Sackett, and McQuade. Among the politicians and statesmen are Vice-President Thomas A. Hendricks, Ex-Senators Reuben E. Fenton, Frelinghuysen, and Sharon; Malcolm Hay, E. K. Apgar, Robert Toombs. Our clergy lost Cardinal McCloskey, Dr. Tying, and Dr. Irenaeus Prime. Commercial circles will miss several great leaders, William H. Vanderbilt, Sir Moses Montefiore, Commodore Garrison, H. B. Claflin, and F. Winston. The others: King Alphonso, of Spain; Prince Fredrick Charles, of Prussia; generally regarded as the ablest general in Germany after Von Moltke; and Gen. Stewart, who lost his life in the recent campaign in the Soudan; as did Gen. Gordon, the hero of Khartoum and Col. Burnaby. Next comes Gen. Manteupel, a prominent figure during the Franco-Prussian war, and afterward governor of Alsace and Lorraine. Literature lost Victor Hugo, Edmond About, Richard Grant White, and Lord Houghton. Among the musicians are Dr. Leopold Damrosch and Franz Apt. The stage was deprived of John McCollough, and the bar of Emory Storrs and Myra Clark Gaines.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Ten head of fine Hereford bulls for sale. From good native cows and full blood Hereford bull, registered in American Herd book, Vol. 3. 8 miles south and 2 miles east of Oxford.


                THE OFFICIAL PAPER.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Tuesday morning, the 12th, the Board of County Commissioners “designated” THE WINFIELD COURIER as the official paper of the county.

The law requires the Board to designate some newspaper as the official paper of the county and fixes the compensation just as it fixes the compensation of county officers and their clerks. It has been a habit in some counties for the commissioners to take bids for the county printing and let it to the lowest bidder, but the evils of that habit have been such that nearly all the prominent counties of the State have abandoned it and now follow the example of the State in relation to the State printing, simply designating the paper in which the public advertising shall be published. In that way the Board uses its judgment as to what paper will best subserve the objects of the law, do its work most thoroughly, and give greatest publicity. Our commissioners have adopted these precedents and have set a precedent that should be followed hereafter.

We do not believe that the people of this county want their work done for nothing or for less than a fair compensation. Neither do we believe that they desire it done in the paper having the least circulation for the least price. It costs many times as much to print a large and respectable paper having a large circulation as it does a small paper having a small circulation and the former properly commands many times as high prices for advertising as the latter. The legal rates are lower than the rates THE COURIER regularly gets for advertising but are five times greater than a paper of very limited circulation could get of businessmen. If publicity is the object of publication, the county can afford to pay the greater price for the greater publicity, just as can other advertisers. The legal rates are supposed to be as low as reasonable in a good paper in a good county; indeed the law was made when there were no great papers and populous counties in the State. It was made for counties of less than one fourth the population that Cowley County now has when the leading papers of such counties had not one-fifth the circulation that THE COURIER now has.

We have to cordially thank the very large number of prominent men all over the county who volunteered their influence to secure the designation to THE COURIER, and manifested great interest in that behalf, and we have reasons to believe that there are thousands of taxpayers in the county who are highly gratified with the result. We believe the voters of the county, by a two-thirds majority, would approve of the action of Commissioners.

        KANSAS WOOL.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

In 1883, Kansas produced nearly 4,500,000 pounds of wool—not quite enough to clothe her population for one year, since the per capita consummation of wool, as shown by census statistics, lies between 5½ and 6¾ pounds per annum, and the population of the state was nearly a million in 1880.

This wool was practically all sent out of the state, as Kansas has but a few small manufactories of wool. It is safe to assume that this wool all went to New England, and that it cost, in freight, commissions, etc., not less than 5 cents per pound to send it there, or a total of $225,000.

To manufacture this wool required a capital of about $2,000,000 (see census statistics), and gave employment to nearly 2,000 operatives, who received wages amounting to about $550,000. The finished product was worth approximately $3,000,000, wholesale, and this product, or its equivalent, was shipped back to Kansas, paying an additional freightage of probably not less than $175,000, and was there sold to the producers of the original wool and their neighbors, while the manufacturers made a very large profit on their capital.

To sum up: Kansas has paid for the luxury of having her wool crop of one year manufactured by New England, the following items.

Freight and commissions, $400,000; Wages of factory operatives, $550,000; Profit on manufacturing capital, $200,000. This totals up to $1,150,000.

But this does not tell the whole tale. Kansas not only paid the wages of these 2,000 operatives, but also paid transportation over 2,000 miles of railway on the corn, wheat, and meat they and their families consumed, and paid the New England butchers and bakers their very liberal commissions for retailing this food.

In other words, Kansas paid out to other states for manufacturing her woolen clothing for one year, more than half enough money to have built the manufactories and stocked them with machinery and furnished the floating capital necessary to work up her wool into that clothing.


A Big Event For the G. A. R. “Boys” and the W. R. C. “Girls.”

Feast and Reason.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Monday evening was the occasion of a very enjoyable time at the Post, it being the installation of the new officers elect. The boys have a very roomy and well furnished Post room and well fitted for entertaining a crowd. The Woman’s Relief Corps was out in full strength and quite a number of visitors. Everybody was sociable and jolly and the reporter felt just like a school boy on holiday. We like to mingle in such a crowd. We feel better for days afterward.

After the installation the ladies of the Relief Corps slyly brought out some mysterious looking packages and soon revealed a feast that every old “vet,” including the reporter, began to grin about and never let up until they reached home and had to send for the doctor. Cakes, oranges, candy, apples, and everything good was passed around in abundance. The reporter and John Arrowsmith were on the sick list and looked as blue as indigo because they couldn’t eat anything. Dr. Wells’ friends watched him closely and whenever the bald place on his head began to turn blue, they pounded him on the back, and took away his dish. Tom Soward and Capt. Nipp were cautioned by their friends several times to eat slower, but you might as well have told them, during the war, to fight slower. They are excusable as they confidently told the reporter they had been expecting this and had fasted since the day before. Earnest Reynolds never grunted after the cake began to go around. He looked down at the floor and lost no time. It is estimated that the Post lost $4.67 by his presence. As for Siverd, words will not express his troubles. Three times was he choked on an orange. His friends are very much worried about him, as he has been troubled for years with dyspepsia. After the feast it was noticed that the Captain’s pockets stuck out like an air balloon, and it is thought he is injured internally. Space will not allow us to speak of the other boys. They all did justice to everything. Their gastronomical propensities worked like a charm.

The following were the officers installed: A. B. Limerick, Post Commander; J. E. Snow, S. V. P.; J. J. Carson, J. V. P.; T. H. Soward, Q. M.; H. L. Wells, Surgeon; H. H. Siverd, O. B.; J. H. Snyder, C.; C. L. McRoberts, O. G.; Lewis Conrad, A.; D. C. Beach, S. M.

The following are the officers of the Woman’s Relief Corps: Mrs. Elma Dalton, P.; Mrs. Julia Caton, S. V. P.; Mrs. H. L. Wells, J. V. P.; Mrs. Dr. Pickens, Treasurer; Mrs. D. C. Beach, Secretary; Mrs. Lewis Conrad, C.; Mrs. A. J. Thompson, C.; Mrs. C. Trump, G.

The installation ceremonies were beautiful. We don’t believe there is any city in Kansas that can boast of a better Post than Winfield.

             LOST, STRAYED, OR STOLEN.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

About November 20th, two 3-year-old Mexican steers branded I L on left side. A liberal reward for information leading to their recovery. Address Charles H. Elliott, Post office, New Salem.


Newsy Notes Gathered by The “Courier’s” Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

There is some talk of a brass band in Torrance.

Mrs. King arrived home from her trip to Schell City, last week.

Link Branson arrived home from his Eureka trip all safe and sound.

Mrs. W. B. Galloway spent several days in Arkansas City last week.

J. D. Maurer and I. H. Phenis were in Winfield several days last week, being caught in the storm.

Will Frazier and Joe Henderson of Burden spent Sunday evening at Capital Hill.

John Allen and his sons arrived home from Ford County last week. Mr. Allen will move his family out there in a few weeks or as soon as it is warmer.

Mat Jackson received word Saturday that his brother George’s little girl was dead. Mr. and Mrs. Jackson have the sympathy of their many friends here in this, their sad bereavement.

The supper given by the Ladies Missionary Society on New Year’s eve deserves all the praise we can give it, although there were not as many there as there would have been had it not been for other amusements. Everything went off nicely and all seemed to enjoy themselves hugely. They cleared twenty dollars.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Mrs. Campbell visited the city of Winfield last Wednesday.

Sunday School every Sunday at the schoolhouse at 10 a.m.

Mrs. Frank Campbell took in the city of Grenola last Saturday.

We have been having extreme cold weather for the past week.

Preaching at the schoolhouse every two weeks by J. W. Warren.

Mr. Cyrus and Mr. Faucette have gone to Arkansas to look at the country.

There will be spelling school at the schoolhouse next Wednesday night.

Miss Cora Campbell has been lying very ill for some days with putrid sore throat.

During the last snow storm quite a number of our farmers lost several head of stock.

Mr. and Mrs. Maxey, of this place, took the train Sunday evening for Ohio, their future home.

Miss Carrie Hord left this place last week for Winfield, where she will visit her many friends and relations.

Mr. Overpeck, of Grand Summit, will leave this place in a short time for Indiana. We wonder if Miss Gertie is going.

Another New Year has made its appearance. We hope it will bring tidings of pleasure and prosperity to our country.

Quite an accident happened to a party of the young people on their return home from the oyster supper Thursday night, Dec. 29th. The horses running away, upset the wagon and threw the contents abroad. Several were hurt, not seriously, Mr. Sid Spradlin being knocked senseless and Miss Etta John having her shoulder thrown out of place.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Sunny Kansas still ahead, for the late blizzard certainly caps the climax.

Miss Howard did not get to her school the 7th, but several of her pupils did. It was vice versa next day.

No loss of lives in this county as I have heard, but considerable lots of stock, especially swine and poultry.

Lon Bryant has taken a trip to Chase County with a view of locating, if suited. He thinks he will be much better suited there than out west.

THE COURIER surprised its many subscribers last week by an additional sheet filled with news of interest. THE COURIER is always in the lead.

The Douglass hack driver was on time the day of the blizzard, but did not return until the next day. He thinks no one could have made the trip without freezing. He says the cold is more piercing here than in Colorado.

George Brown’s farm looks better enclosed with a neat wire fence. George’s improvements in the last year show that he knows what is needed to help build up the country. I hope all who are able financially will follow his example.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

What did you think of our blizzard last week?

Mr. C. S. Byers spent New Year’s with his best girl near Rock P. O.

Miss Sile Williams of Rock P. O., spent Christmas with her sister, Mrs. C. Whitson.

Miss Belle McCullough and Misses Mollie and Sue Teters visited relatives in Pleasant Valley during holidays.

Elmer Stiverson visited S. D. Fisher’s during holidays. Mr. Stiverson is teaching school two miles east of Arkansas City.

Mr. Dowler’s brother-in-law, of Nebraska, is visiting him. I did not learn his name, but he says if he can dispose of his property in Nebraska, he will settle in Cowley County. Let them come.

A few of the young folks of Pleasant Valley and Beaver met at the home of Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Benson, New Year’s evening, and after amusing themselves awhile chatting and playing various games, oysters were served, all doing justice to their portion. After supper all enjoyed themselves in various ways and in spite of anything they could do, the rain continued to pour down until morning. We won’t tell when the lads and lasses pulled for home.

        BETHEL CHIPS. “B. B.”

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Health good in this “neck o’ woods.”

Jimmie Rucker has recovered from the mumps.

Lon Bryant went up to Chase County last week on the hunt of a location.

Stock that were exposed to the storm last week suffered a great deal.

Last Friday morning the thermometer registered 24 degrees below zero at Bethel.

The Bethel school “marm” failed to make her appearance at the schoolhouse Thursday on account of the storm. Some of the pupils were on time in spite of the weather.

Wires are all down, trains are on the standstill, and consequently we cannot give much news from this vicinity. Just be patient until the cold weather lets up and we will give you more.

                THE JUSTICE MILL.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The court room is being remodeled, for which purpose court adjourned from Monday afternoon to tomorrow morning. The Judge’s bench, clerk’s “roost,” and the jury box are being placed along the east wall instead of the south. The platform extends from the stove out, taking in the jury, who have needed elevation for some time. The jury will now sit in the southeast corner, the Judge before the center window, and the genial Ed Pate next to the stove. The change is made to give the bench, jury, and clerk a little warmth. The east jury room will be a private office for caucusing attorneys. The arrangement is much more convenient and comfortable. It will seat the auditors facing the rising sun, instead of the south pole. The changes will be ready to greet the Court at its opening in the morning.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The firm heretofore doing business under the firm name of Whiting Bros. is this day dissolved by mutual consent, Fred A. Whiting retiring. Whiting & Son will continue in business at the old place, assuming all liabilities and collecting all debts due the old firm.



Winfield, January 1, 1886.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

The firm heretofore doing business under the firm name of Kraft & Dix is this day dissolved by mutual consent, John W. Dix retiring. J. G. Kraft will continue the business at the same place and assume all liabilities and collect all debts.

  J. G. KRAFT.

       J. W. DIX.

Winfield, January 7, 1886.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Jarvis, Conklin & Co. are now prepared to make choice loans of $200 and upwards upon real estate security without any delay further than is necessary to perfect title. Money will be paid when the papers are expected and no waiting for approval by eastern investors will be required. They are the only loan agents in Kansas who give the privilege of paying a mortgage in installments at any interest payment, and write the privilege in the mortgage. A verbal promise of this privilege does not bind the investor. They are also the only loan agents handling eastern money who deliver the coupons when the interest is paid. Annual or semi-annual interest given, and the lowest rates guaranteed.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Skipped reports re Grain and Provisions from St. Louis, Chicago, New York, and Kansas City.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

On and after March 1st, 1886, the sw qr of section 3, township 23, range 3, in Beaver township, owned by A. B. Story. A. H. Green, Agent

[Note: Heretofore everything pertaining to the following showed that her name was “Freylinger.” I can’t help but think the newspaper erred in the spelling of her last name. MAW]


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Recap. W. P. Hackney, applied for application to seek a pardon for Mary Frielynger, a convict, from the Governor of the State of Kansas at the November 1886 term. She had been sentenced to the penitentiary for the period of her natural life.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Just received four crates of meat, uncanvassed. Hams and Breakfast Bacon, dry, salt, and smoked Bacon at Wallis & Wallis’.

We will for the next 60 days slaughter prices and sell glass and queensware at greatly reduced prices to avoid the trouble and expense of moving. Wallis & Wallis.

All parties indebted to us will please settle before the 20 inst. as our demand for money is urgent. Wallis & Wallis.

Contemplating a change very soon and in order to settle up our business, we will slaughter prices and sell for cash until we close out. Wallis & Wallis.

For Sale. A No. 1 160 acre farm 3½ miles northeast of Winfield. Well improved, good house, barn, and orchard, and one half of crop good with farm. Price, $8,500, ½ by Jan. 1st, 1886, balance in one year. See O. P. Fuller adjoining premises on east, or address C. A. Roberts, Santa Rosa, California.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

Office of Kansas City & Southwestern Railroad Company.

           Winfield, Kansas, Jan. 9th, 1886.

Notice is hereby given that a special meeting of the stockholders of the Kansas City & Southwestern Railroad Company will be held at the office of the Secretary of said company in the City of Winfield, County of Cowley, State of Kansas, at 8 o’clock p.m., on the 30th day of January A. D. 1886, for the following purposes:

1. To consider and vote upon a proposition to ratify and adopt the action of the Board of Directors of this Company in making, executing, and delivering of the lease of said Kansas City & Southwestern Railroad, constructed and unconstructed, together with its property and franchises, to the St. Louis & San Francisco Railway Company for the full term of 98 years, together with all its property, rights, privileges and immunities.

2. To consider and vote upon a proposition to ratify and approve the action of the Board of Directors of this Company in making, issuing, and negotiating the bonds of this company for the sum of Twelve Thousand Dollars per mile for each and every mile of railroad constructed by this Company south of the crossing of the Neosha river in Coffey County, in the State of Kansas, and Fifteen Thousand Dollars per mile for each and every mile constructed by said company between the said cross of the said Neosha river and the city of Kansas City in the state of Missouri, and securing the payment of the same by deed or trust to be made, executed, and delivered to the Farmers’ Loan and Trust Company of New York, upon all the railway constructed and unconstructed, and other property and franchises and immunities of this company.

By order of the Board of Directors.

HENRY E. ASP, Secretary.


  Reconvening of Congress.

      $1,000,000 Monuments for Lincoln and Grant.

        Edmunds’ Utah Bill Under Discussion.

A Bill to Divide Indian Lands.

The House Committee Not Yet Announced.

The Call for Bills Shows 790 for the Day.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

WASHINGTON, January 6. Precisely at noon yesterday the Senate was called to order by Senator Sherman, President pro tem, who, after prayer and the reading of the journal, laid before the members the credentials of John W. Daniel, the newly elected United States Senator from Virginia, which were read and laid on the table. Also a communication from General W. B. Franklin, President of the National Home for disabled volunteer soldiers, notifying the Senate of the death of General George B. McClellan.

Mr. Harrison, from the Committee on Territories, reported favorably a bill to legalize the electors of the Ninth Territorial Legislature Assembly of Wyoming. This was read the third time and passed.

Among the bills introduced and referred were the following.

By Mr. Blair: To give the right of trial by jury to claimants for pensions whose applications have been rejected by the Secretary of the Interior on an appeal from the decision of the Commissioner of Pensions; also to provide for the erection of monuments to Abraham Lincoln and U. S. Grant.

By Mr. Cullom: To facilitate promotions in the army by retiring from active service, on their own application, officers who served in the war of the rebellion.

By Mr. Miller: To increase the pension for the loss of both arms, or both legs, or the sight of both eyes, or other injuries resulting in total helplessness.

By Mr. Morgan: To substitute silver dollars in place of gold coin and currency in the several reserve funds held in the treasury.

By Mr. Hoar: A joint resolution providing that no part of the army appropriation act of 1885 shall be construed so as to deprive any assistant surgeon of the army of rights to which he is entitled by reason of his volunteer service in the army.

By Mr. Ingalls: To establish a national university in the District of Columbia. The sum of $5,000,000 is granted to the board of regents in a perpetual registered certificate of the United States, to be unassignable and bearing five per cent interest, the interest to be paid quarterly. So much of the interest as is needed for sites, buildings, etc., may be so used.

By Mr. Plumb: Granting the right of way through the Indian Territory to the Kansas City, Fort Scott & Gulf Railway company.

The bill introduced by Senator Blair to provide for the erection of monuments in this city to President Lincoln and General Grant provides that they shall be similar to the Washington monument and cost $1,000,000 each. None but American citizens are to be employed on this work.

A resolution was offered by Mr. Hoar and was by request, referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations, requesting the President to take measures for revising and extending the extradition treaties, so as to cover cases of embezzlement and other breaches of trust.

Mr. Sherman offered a concurrent resolution accepting the marble statue of ex-President Garfield presented to Congress by the State of Ohio and now in position in the Statuary Hall at the Capitol.

Mr. Sherman delivered a brief but warm eulogy of ex-President Garfield, and moved the adoption of the resolution offered. It was then agreed to.

Mr. Gray gave notice that he would tomorrow call up Mr. Beck’s silver resolution for the purpose of making some remarks.

The chair then laid before the Senate the resolution offered by Mr. Harrison, directing an inquiry into the alleged practice of late pension officers in taking into account in the granting of pensions considerations other than the merits of the applications. Mr. Harrison requested that the resolution might go over for one day, and by unanimous consent it went over.

Mr. Van Wyck offered a resolution, which was agreed to, directing the Committee on Education and Labor to inquire how many hours of labor per day were expected of men and boys in the employ of street car and other corporations in the District of Columbia, and to report whether such number of hours of labor were unreasonable and inconsistent with former acts of Congress, and, if so, what remedy was necessary in the premises.

Mr. Edmunds then called up the Utah bill reported by him from the Committee on the Judiciary. An extended debate ensued on the amendment by Mr. Hoar to allow woman suffrage in Utah.

A message was received from the President transmitting the draft of a bill to provide for the allotment of lands in severalty to the Indians. It was read and referred.

Mr. Wilson, of Iowa, then brought up the resolution heretofore offered by him, calling on the Secretary of the Interior for a copy of each report made by the Government Directors of the Union Pacific Railroad from the first appointment of such directors to the present time.

On the conclusion of Mr. Wilson’s remarks, the Judicial Salary bill was, on motion of Mr. Hoar, placed before the Senate. Without further action, however, the Senate went into executive session and, when at 7:05 p.m., the doors reopened, adjourned.


Mr. Muller, of New York, made his appearance in the House Tuesday morning for the first time and took the oath of office. After the reading of the journal the Hoar Presidential bill and the Senate resolution proposing certain joint rules were referred to the appropriate committees. Contrary to general expectation the committees were not announced and the Speaker immediately proceeded to call the States for the introduction of bills and resolutions. Under this call the following bills were introduced.

By Mr. McComas, of Maryland: A bill to establish a post-office savings bank, and to establish a postal telegraph; also a bill for the redemption of the trade dollar.

By Mr. Long, of Massachusetts: A bill providing that cabinet officers may occupy seats in the House of Representatives.

By Mr. Lovering, of Massachusetts: A bill providing for the adjustment of the accounts of laborers under the eight hour law.

By Mr. Collins, of Massachusetts: A bill to establish a uniform system of bankruptcy.

By Mr. Cutcheon, of Michigan: To reform the civil service and preserve the constitutional distinction between legislative and executive duties by the organization of a bureau of civil appointments.

By Mr. Maybury, of Michigan: For the importation, free of duty, of ores of iron, lead, copper, and zinc, and bituminous coal, salt, and lumber; also a resolution calling on the Secretary of State for information as to the action taken by this Government, under the provisions of 1878, relative to commercial relations with Canada; also for the renewal of commercial relations with the British possessions in North America.

By Mr. O’Donnell, of Michigan: To repeal the duty on sugar and provide a bounty for the cultivation of sugar in the United States.

By Mr. Straight, of Minnesota: To amend the timber culture act.

By Mr. Nelson, of Minnesota: To place hemp and manilla on the free list.

By Mr. Singleton, of Mississippi: To reduce the expense of public printing and binding.

By Mr. Morgan, of Mississippi: For the establishment of agricultural experiment stations.

By Mr. Laird, of Nebraska: Declaring forfeited lands granted to railroads on which the cost of surveying and conveying has not been paid; also to prevent the acquisition of property by aliens; also to increase the efficiency of the infantry branch of the army; also a resolution calling on the Commissioner of the General Land Office for information concerning the suspension of the issuance of patents to lands taken by settlers pursuant to law.

By Mr. McAdoo, of New Jersey: To prevent fraudulent entries on the public domain; also to prevent aliens other than bona fide settlers from owning lands in the Territories.

By Mr. Buchanan, of New Jersey: To repeal the tobacco tax; also to enable persons in the civil service to inspect and answer charges made against them; also for the retirement and recoinage of the trade dollar.

By Mr. Hewitt, of New York: To carry into effect the convention between the United States and Mexico, signed January 20, 1883; also, to secure a uniform standard of value; also, authorizing the purchase of foreign built ships by citizens of the United States for use in the foreign carrying trade.

By Mr. Beach, of New York: To give honorably discharged soldiers and sailors preference in public appointments; also, proposing constitutional amendments to prevent special legislation and to prohibit legislation on appropriation bills; to raise a statute of limitations on claims against the Government; giving the President power to veto one or more items in appropriation bills; to establish uniform laws on the subject of marriage and divorce; to prevent the giving of public property or credit in aid of private or corporate enterprises.

By Mr. Baker, of New York: To create an inter-State commerce commission.

By Mr. Weber, of New York: For the permanent improvement of the Erie and Oswego canals, and to secure the freedom of the same to the commerce of the United States.

By Mr. Adams, of New York: To allow all duties on imports to be paid by certified check on any national bank duly organized under the law of the United States; also to establish a uniform system of bankruptcy.

By Mr. Downey, of New York: For the erection of a monument to General U. S. Grant in New York City. It appropriates $200,000 for the purpose, to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of War by a commission, to be appointed by the President, provided that none of the money shall be expended until the additional sum of $250,000 has been raised by private subscription.

By Mr. James, of New York: To prohibit any Government employee from contracting out the labor of prisoners.

By Mr. Merriman, of New York: To provide a better system for the trial of custom cases, also to establish a bureau of transportation in the Interior Department.

By Mr. Parker, of New York: To tax the manufacturer and seller of oleomargarine.

By Mr. James, of New York: Providing that residents of each State and Territory may, within other States and Territories and within the District of Columbia, solicit from dealers or merchants orders for goods and merchandise by sample, catalogue, card price list, description, or other representations without payment of any license or mercantile tax. The bill was prepared by the Traders and Travelers Union of New York.

By Mr. Dockery, of Missouri: Resolutions of the Missouri Legislature in opposition to the Buckner bill suspending the coinage of silver; also allowing receivers or railroads appointed by the Federal authorities to be sued in the State courts; also abolishing the duty on lumber.

By Mr. Bliss, of New York: For the relief of non-commissioned officers and privates of the Greely Arctic expedition.

By Mr. Phelps, of New Jersey: A resolution of the Legislature of New Jersey asking for a Congressional inquiry into the fitness of Alaska for the purposes of a penal colony and the advisability of establishing there a place of confinement for long term convicts; also a bill providing for the monumental decorations of battlefields of the revolution. This is similar to the bill introduced in the Senate by Mr. Sewell.

By Mr. Barksdale, of Mississippi: To remove the restrictions on the coinage of the standard silver dollar and to coin the same on the conditions prescribed for gold coinage; also to extend the time for the completion of the Gulf & Ship Island Railroad; also repealing so much of the act of 1883 as limits the investigation of claims by the Court of Claims.

By Mr. Bennett, of North Carolina: To prevent the intermarriage of the white and negro races in the District of Columbia.

By Mr. O’Hara, of North Carolina: To reimburse the depositors of the Freedman’s Savings Trust Company.

By Mr. Johnson, of North Carolina: To abolish internal revenue taxation.

Similar bills were introduced by other members of the North Carolina delegation.

By Mr. Reed, of North Carolina: Reducing t he duty on steel rails to $7 per ton.

By Mr. Lovering, of Massachusetts: A bill providing for the payment of $8 per month to honorably discharged soldiers of the late war.

By Mr. Land, of Nebraska: A joint resolution authorizing the President to call out two volunteer regiments of cavalry in the Territories of New Mexico and Arizona, to be enlisted and officered from citizens of such Territories for the suppression of Indian hostilities; also a joint resolution instructing the Commissioner of the General Land Office to pass to patent all uncontested homestead and pre-emption claims against which a specific charge of fraud is not pending or proved, and also calling on such officer for a statement in detail of the reason for issuing the order of April 3, suspending the issuance of patents; also a bill to establish a soldiers’ home in Nebraska, Iowa, Wisconsin, or Minnesota.

Bills were introduced for the erection of public buildings at the following places: Rome, Marine City, La Pierre, Mount Clemens, East Saginaw, Jackson, and Grand Haven, Michigan; Duluth, Minnesota; Vicksburg, Mississippi; Sedalia and Springfield, Missouri; and Beatrice and Hastings, Nebraska. Without completing the call the House adjourned. The number of bills introduced yesterday was 790.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.


The Ohio House of Representatives has adopted a resolution authorizing the Committee on Privileges and Elections to make a proper investigation of the Hamilton County election cases.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

SPRINGFIELD, ILL., January 9. “Butter vs. Butterine” engrosses the time and attention of the State Board of Agriculture at its session today. The Elgin dairymen want the board to memorialize Congress to suppress all imitations of the natural bovine product, or to provide for its inspection, and the butterine manufacturers, who are represented by counsel, want the inspection to include the product of the creameries. All the morning session was spent in a discussion of resolutions, amendments, and substitutes proposed in the interest of each side. The fight bids fair to become a heavy one.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

INDIANAPOLIS, IND., January 9. At the Hendricks Monument Association meeting today the officers made an encouraging report. They say that in every quarter sentiment is found ready-made and awaiting the presentation of requisite machinery in the way of committees and subscription books, etc.; that a monument of noble proportions may fairly be anticipated. The Secretary is just in from Chicago and reports a cordial cooperation there, with Potter Palmer at the head. A telegram was received this morning from Judge Woodbury, one of Boston’s most honored citizens, saying: “The Eastern friends of the late Vice President are interested in your efforts to raise a public monument to his memory.”


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

COUNCIL GROVE, KAN., January 9. A Missouri Pacific passenger train was wrecked by the snow in the Downing cut, eight miles north of town, Thursday evening. Conductor John A. Brown and Mail Messenger John Pullman started to walk back to this place for assistance. In walking across a bridge, Pullman slipped and fell, breaking a bone in his left leg. Conductor Brown carried the injured man to this city, a distance of several miles. The wind was blowing a blizzard and the thermometer indicated 22 degrees below zero. The train was imbedded in a snowbank all night and was brought back to this place yesterday morning. The passengers are all comfortably cared for by the trainmen.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

MEXICO, MO., January 9. About four o’clock this morning the little town of Tarber, east of here in this (Adrian) County, was visited by a disastrous fire, the losses from which will reach fully $15,000, if not more. Nearly the entire business portion of the town was destroyed. The fire originated in A. B. Sutton’s drug store, which, together with the contents, was a total loss; worth $3,000, insured for $1,000; Bay & Gilliland’s loss on house and goods, $8,000, insured for $2,500; Mrs. J. A. Draper, loss on building, $450, insured for $300; S. C. Adams, loss of building, $700, insured for $400; Crow, Lee & Co.’s loss on stock, $6,000, insured for $4,000.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

WASHINGTON, January 9. It is rumored in army circles that the President will shortly recommend to Congress the passage of a bill authorizing him to fill the office of Judge Advocate General of the army. General Swaim, who formerly held that office, was sentenced by court martial to suspension for twelve years, at the end of which period he will be placed on the retired list. It is said that the President desires to fill the office, but is uncertain as to his powers in the premises. A plan has been suggested that he nominate a person for the office and let the Senate pass on the legal questions at issue.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

INDIANAPOLIS, IND., January 9. The Democratic State Central Committee convened here this morning. After auditing accounts the committee will proceed to fix dates for the handling of primaries and district and State conventions for the coming elections.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

WILMINGTON, DEL., January 9. Early this morning a terrible collision occurred on the Wilmington & Northern Road. Three men were killed.


       Increasing Destruction by the Torrents in Pennsylvania.—Collieries Swamped.

More Bridges Swept Away.—Great Loss of Lumber.—Damage, $5,000,000.

Floods and Loss of Life at Kingston, N. Y.

Rising Waters in Maryland and Vermont.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 14, 1886.

EMPORIA, PA., January 6. Yesterday’s flood in the valley reached its greatest height about midnight. To save their lives families in many cases were obliged to leave their homes with barely sufficient clothing to cover their nakedness. All houses directly along the banks of the river were swept away by the rushing waters along with the logs and debris. Near Renovo and about five miles west of Young Woman’s Creek, the large wooden bridge recently built across the west branch of the Susquehanna was completely swept away. At this hour there are no evidences that the waters are subsiding, and the people are greatly excited and fear much more danger should the rain continue, as this is distinctly a lumbering country. The heaviest losers will be the lumbermen, who have been unable to control their log booms. Logs are scattered all over the country, and it will not be possible to have them gathered and returned. It is now estimated that the total losses will approximate $5,000,000. A number of families in this vicinity have lost all but their lives. All such are being provided for by charitable and more fortunate citizens. In this place the situation remains unchanged. Logs are coming down the river, but in smaller quantities. The cities of Lock Haven and Williamsport, lower down the river, were flooded last night, and considerable damage has been done to the business portions. The railroads were running their trains by telegraph last night, but all the Western Union wires were still down and but very meager reports were obtainable. The flood in the Susquehanna River at Lock Haven is within two feet of being as high as in 1865. A greater part of the city is flooded, but the damage cannot yet be estimated. A large quantity of saw logs has broken loose in the creeks and are passing here. The Pennsylvania is reported badly damaged. The water is still rising.


HARRISBURG, PA., January 6. The railroad wreck at Duncannon, caused by the collapse of a pier at the bridge over Sherman’s Creek on account of the flood, was visited today by thousands of people. All of those known to have been on the train at the time it went down have been accounted for except A. C. McColn, the fireman, and T. B. Baldwin, the conductor, who were drowned. Engineer Noel, whose death was reported last night, was rescued alive, having floated on a railroad tie to a point about a mile below the scene of the wreck. The water in the river at this point rose on an average of six inches per hour all day, and at ten o’clock last night had almost reached the Cumberland Valley Railroad bridge. It registered eighteen feet three inches, and is rising at the rate of three feet three and one-half inches per hour. The creek in the lower section of the city has overflowed its banks and the people have been compelled to go to their houses in boats.


HAZELTON, PA., January 6. Last night’s rain storm did a vast amount of damage throughout this section of the anthracite coal region. Five of the collieries of A. Pardee & Co. are completely drowned out, the water having entered the mines from a large creek which burst into an old breast of the Laurel Hill workings, and poured steadily through this opening from twelve o’clock Monday night until six o’clock last evening. Twenty-three mules were drowned and all the pumps were submerged. The Crystal Ridge, Sugar Loaf, Sandy Run, Audenried, Honeybrook, and Stockton slopes are also flooded. The water again broke into the Harleigh and Ebervale mines, which were recently flooded, and the situation is now more serious than before. All the pumps are lost and the water is rising rapidly. It is impossible to say what the losses will aggregate, but it must necessarily be heavy.


PORT DEPOSIT, Mo., January 6. The recent heavy rains have caused a rapid rise in the Susquehanna River, and the water is now three feet above the high water mark and gaining steadily. Large quantities of logs and driftwood have been going down all day, and reports from up the river indicate a general flood, but the rush of water will not reach this point before tomorrow. Considerable apprehension is felt by the Pennsylvania Railroad. Officials and men are on the watch at all points, Many lumber yards are submerged under six feet of water and it is estimated that over 1,000,000 feet of valuable logs went afloat today from about Williamsport, Pennsylvania.


WILLIAMSPORT, PA., January 6. The river is still rising slowly, but it is believed it has commenced falling at the head of the stream. The wires are all down west of Renova. Several million feet of new logs went down this morning, chiefly owned by firms of this city. The water is now surrounding the Philadelphia & Reading Station in this city, and the tracks are covered both above and below the station. No trains have gone out on the Pine Creek or Beech Roads today. Almost the entire territory, between the canal and the river in this city, is submerged and great damage has been done.

              IRON WORKS CLOSED.

ALLENTOWN, PA., January 6. The water in the Lehigh River was swollen eight feet by the rain of yesterday. Today the city is practically without drinking water, as the pumps at the water works were flooded and rendered useless. The Grossman furniture factory was compelled to shut down. At Bethlehem the water is backing into the boiler house and at the Bethlehem Iron works and putting out the fires. That company was obliged to shut down. The mill will be idle for some time.


RONDOUT, N. Y., January 6. The rainfall this morning was the heaviest known here for many years. The snow on the Catskill mountains, together with the rain, caused a flood in Esop’s Creek which rose rapidly, imprisoning a number of families on the flats near Kingston. The current was so strong that row boats in attempting to reach the houses were swamped. The water w