Geuda Springs and Winfield, Kansas.

Winfield Directory 1885.

Perry Dr. C, res 803 e 10th.


Cowley County Courant, January 19, 1882.

A claim of Dr. C. Perry, for $395.30, has been allowed by Judge Gans against the estate of Joshua Jones.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 22, 1882. Editorial Page.


[Correspondence of K. C. Journal.]

HUNNEWELL, KAS., FEB. 9. As your valuable paper, although published in Missouri, is eminently a Kansas paper, I take it for granted that any items of interest from our State will be acceptable to your numerous readers.

We have a new town springing up here in Sumner and Cowley counties, for the county line runs through the town, that bids fair to make quite a sensation in the next twelve months.

I mean the new town of Geuda Springs, formerly Salt City. The new town is springing up like magic. Already some twenty-five new houses have been built within the past few months, and some fifty others contracted to be finished by the 1st of April. A $10,000 stock company has been formed to erect a large and commodious hotel. The foundation for the new sanatarium, a large, three story stone building, which is designed as a hotel, bath house, etc., for invalids has been laid, and a number of other large buildings will be commenced soon. The medical qualities of the water have been thoroughly tested, and is pronounced the best in the country. A number of patients who have tested these waters and those of Eureka Springs, Ark., pronounce those of Geuda Springs far superior to the former.

Heretofore there have been no accommodations of any kind, but now numerous cottages are being built. Dr. Perry has just finished ten handsome cottage houses, which are all spoken for. He will build ten more at once. These, with the new hotels and other accommodations, it is thought, will be ample to accommodate the vast number of visitors who are expected at the springs the coming season. Hon. C. R. Mitchell, who has had the direct management of the improvement, has been indefatigable in his labors, and his work now begins to show.

Of course we, of Sumner County, are proud of anything that adds to the wealth and prosperity of our county, and it is with no little pride that we hail the new town that is now springing up like magic in our midst. VERITAS.


Cowley County Courant, April 6, 1882. Front Page.

Southern Border of Sunny Kansas. We give below, says the Wichita Leader, a well written communication from a citizen of Wichita, who has lately taken in Geuda Springs.

James Stiner has just completed, and is now occupying, a neat and cosy little hotel building. Dr. C. Perry has ten houses completed for residents, and has contract for ten more, while a number of other parties are securing locations, putting in foundations, and bringing the lumber to the grounds. The hotel proper is under the efficient control of A. H. Bookwalter, and Hon. C. R. Mitchell is President of the Town Company. Either of the above gentlemen will be glad to furnish other desired information.

Cowley County Courant, April 6, 1882.

A Geuda correspondent of the Arkansas City Democrat ventilates himself to no small extent, and winds up his letter with the information

That Dr. Perry's houses are almost completed and ready for occupancy.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Typo sends us the following items from Geuda Springs, which will no doubt be of interest to most of our readers.

Dr. Perry is just finishing the last of his ten cottages, he will furnish them all.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 26, 1882.

Dr. C. Perry, who is largely interested in the property of Geuda Springs, was in the city Monday last.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 26, 1882.

Dr. Perry will have his ten cottages completed and furnished in about ten days, and they will be rented only to invalids desiring to visit the Springs for their health.

Winfield Courier, June 15, 1882.

Messrs. Curns & Manser sold on last Tuesday the residence of Jerry O'Neil, in the east part of the city, to Dr. Perry, of Illinois. The Doctor will remove here with his family and is a most valuable acquisition to our community. He has purchased considerable property near Geuda Springs.

Winfield Courier, October 12, 1882.

Dr. C. Perry came in with his family last week and will move into his residence on 10th Avenue at once. We are heartily glad to welcome the Doctor and his estimable family to our city. After his departure, the Doctor received the following nice little compliment from his old home, which we clip from the Wenona (Illinois) Index.

"Dr. C. Perry and family went west on Monday's C. & A. train to make their home at Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas. The Doctor has become largely interested in real estate and stock in Southwestern Kansas, and has gone there to give it his personal attention. He is fitting up a fine stock ranch and fencing about 1,000 acres. It is with no little regret that we announce the departure of such an excellent gentleman as Dr. Perry for other fields of labor, but such is the fate of every locality. Southwestern Kansas, however, will gain a most estimable gentleman and good citizen, and the Index commends him to the good people of that locality as one in every way worthy their highest esteem."

Winfield Courier, November 23, 1882.

Mr. Perry is making many valuable improvements to his residence property on east Tenth Avenue. His house is now one of the neatest and most comfortable in the city.

Winfield Courier, March 29, 1883.

DIED. Died March 22, of malarial fever following an attack of the measles, Florence, only child of Mrs. Evelyn Judd, and granddaughter of Dr. C. and Mrs. L. M. Perry. The mother and grandparents return their sincere thanks for kind attentions.

Death has cast its shadow over another happy home and the hearts of friends are borne down with grief at the loss of their brightest household gem. These visitations of the angel of death are especially sad when the little ones are taken. The bereaved parent and grand- parents have the sympathies of the community.


Winfield Courier, May 17, 1883.

To Dr. and Mrs. Perry were assigned A. B. Wilder of the Scandia Journal, and H. A. Heath of the Kansas Farmer, Topeka.

Next two items show that Dr. Perry was the son of Mrs. Swazey (or Swayze) and that Mrs. Dr. Perry was the daughter! What can I say!!

Winfield Courier, October 18, 1883.

DIED. Mrs. Wenona Swazey, mother of Dr. J. C. Perry of this city, died in Geuda Springs on the 11th inst., aged eighty-three years and six months. The remains were incased in one of Johnston & Hill's celebrated metallic caskets and shipped to Marshall County, Illinois, for interment.

Winfield Courier, October 18, 1883.

DIED. At the residence of her granddaughter, Mrs. B. Melick, Geuda Springs, Mrs. Charlotte W. Swayze, aged 84 years, mother of Mrs. Dr. Perry of this city. Her remains were taken to Illinois to rest beside her husband.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

Our Cemetery. The annual meeting of the lot owners of the cemetery was held at Dr. Graham's office Friday evening. The secretary's report shows a balance of about five hundred dollars in the treasury. This state of the finances is very gratifying to all. For years the balance has always been the other way, and the public spirited citizens who formed the directory were forced to carry it.

The following persons were elected as directors for the coming year: Messrs. R. E. Wallis, Dr. Perry, W. G. Graham, H. Brotherton, H. S. Silver, H. D. Gans, Mrs. J. E. Platter, Mrs. Robert Beeny, and Mrs. Ed. P. Greer.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1884.

For Sale. About 275 Arkansas cattle, two years old and upwardsnearly half of them steers, have been wintered in the State and will be sold at a moderate price. Apply to Dr. C. Perry, Winfield; or B. K. Melick, Geuda Springs.

Winfield Courier, June 19, 1884.

Our Cemetery. The directors of the Winfield Cemetery Association, desirous of taking active measures for the improvement of its grounds, find it a primal necessity that there should be a supply of water for irrigating and sprinkling purposes. To provide this, they wish to raise by subscription at least $300, with which they can procure an ample supply. In the absence of the Secretary, I would request you to give notice, that at a meeting of the directors, Mrs. Platter, Mrs. Beeny, and Dr. Perry were appointed a committee to solicit subscriptions payable on or before the first of August next. By the terms of our charter, the receipts of the association are to be expended in the care and improvement of the ground and none of its officers are to receive compensation for their services. We hope that there will be a hearty response to our call for aid to make our Cemetery an attractive place and a credit to our city. A DIRECTOR.

Winfield Courier, July 24, 1884.

The descendants residing in Cowley County and vicinity of Elder John Strong, who settled in Massachusetts in 1630, are requested to hold a picnic in Riverside Park at Winfield on Wednesday afternoon, July 30. Mrs. Dr. Perry, Mrs. C. A. Strong, Mrs. E. M. Albright.

Winfield Courier, November 13, 1884.

Our Democratic cotemporary copied an item last week from a Geuda Springs paper uncomplimentary to Dr. C. Perry of this city, regarding the location of a new school building at that place. Far from doing anything detrimental to Geuda, as charged, the Doctor has done all in his power, as a heavy property owner there, for its advancement. He has donated lots to different public improvements and offered a donation of six desirable lots for the new school building site, but a vindictive board refused unless public spirit be extended through lots the Doctor was reserving for a private residence. Appreciation as well as liberality is essential to the upbuilding of a town.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 15, 1885.

A number of prominent farmers met at the COURIER office Saturday last, and determined to hold a Farmers' Institute at the Opera House in Winfield, on Thursday and Friday, Jan. 29th and 30th, to be conducted by Professors of the State Agricultural College. J. S. Baker, of Tisdale, was chairman of the meeting and Jas. F. Martin, of Vernon, secretary. An executive committee of nine was appointed by the meeting, to have charge of the entire matter, composed of the following gentlemen: M. H. Markcum, Pleasant Valley, chairman; Dr. C. Perry, Winfield; T. A. Blanchard, Walnut; J. R. Sumpter, Beaver; J. S. Baker, Tisdale; J. F. Martin, Vernon; F. W. McClelland, Walnut; Henry Harbaugh, Pleasant Valley; and S. P. Strong, Rock. This committee is arranging an interesting program of music, essays, lectures, and discussions, which will appear next week. Four Professors of the Agricultural College will be on hand with addresses and the occasion promises to be of much pleasure and benefit to the farmers of the county. Let every man constitute a committee of one to work up a large attendance from his neighborhood. In addition to splendid addresses and essays, everything of interest to farmers will be throughly discussed. This is a grand opportunity for Cowley farmers to interchange ideas and broaden knowledge, and everyone of them should be present with their ladies.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 5, 1885.

A few wide awake farmers were found at the opera house about 10 o'clock, and after some discussion effected an organization as follows.

J. F. Martin was elected chairman; F. A. A. Williams, secretary; Dr. Perry, treasurer, and J. S. Baker and Mr. Foster, vice-presidents.

Dr. Perry asked the question, "Prof. Shelton, is there any other grass you can recommend for hay?"

Prof. Shelton responded: "Yes, there are other kinds such as English blue grass and meadow oat grass which have done well with us generally, but they will not stand drouth and are not so reliable as the varieties before mentioned."

The subject of blue grass was discussed at some length, the impression seeming to prevail that it was a success in this country. After announcements for the evening, the institute adjourned.

Then followed general discussion.

Mr. Adams: "I would like to ask whether animals for beef should be well fed with grain through the whole period of growth, or fed mainly on roughness, grass, etc.?"

Dr. Perry: "The plumpness of the young animal should be kept up by feeding grain whenever it is necessary."

Mr. Gale, Rock Township. "I have had good success in feeding steers corn alone without roughness; would say especially never let an animal intended for beef shrink or lose anything. Whenever you let it lose a pound, you are losing money with compound interest."

Mr. Thomas. "Stock hogs run on red clover would bring a cent a pound more than those fed in corn alone; probably because their digestive apparatus was better developed and they could gain more when fattened."

Mr. Merydith of Dexter: "My cattle fed mainly on roughness gained faster, and made a better growth when put on pasture than those of one of my neighbors who had fed mainly on grain."

Mr. Gale: "The fattest lot of steers I ever saw in Kansas were two year olds which had been fed almost entirely on corn sold for $72 a head the spring they were two years old. Steers taken from grass, fat, and put on grain will lose, or at least, not gain any for four weeks or more."

Mr. Markham: "A Kansas City buyer in our country said that millet should not be fed to feeding steers; he himself thought that corn in the ear was the most profitable feed for steers; several others coinciding in the opinion."

Mr. McClellan made a very wise distinction between feeding young and old cattle: the young cattle should have a good deal of coarse food in order to develop bone and muscle, while the older cattle to be fattened should be fed mainly on fat forming foods, such as corn.

The chair named the following gentlemen on organizationDr. Perry and F. A. A. Williams; and on plan of workM. A. Markham and F. W. McClellan.

The full township committee was made up as follows.

Bolton Amos Walton.

Beaver F. H. Burton.

Vernon R. J. Yeoman.

Ninnescah L. Stout.

Rock S. P. Strong.

Fairview T. S. Green.

Walnut F. W. McClellan.

Pleasant Valley A. H. Broadwell.

Silverdale George Green.

Tisdale J. S. Baker.

Winfield Dr. Perry.

Liberty J. C. McCloy.

Richland D. C. Stevens.

Omnia W. R. Stolp.

Silver Creek John Stout.

Harvey R. S. Strother.

Windsor Samuel Fall.

Dexter W. E. Merydith.

Cedar J. H. Service.

Otter Mr. Mills.

Sheridan J. R. Smith.

Maple Mr. Fitzsimmons.

Creswell Ed. Green.

Spring Creek H. S. Libby.

This committee with the sub-committees and officers were requested to meet at the Courier office on Saturday, February 14th, at one o'clock P. M.

A short discussion on stock raising followed, introduced by a question as to the profit of feeding yearling steers. The general opinion seemed to be that with a good grade of cattle, it might be done profitably.

Prof. Shelton stated that an acquaintance of his fed young steers (high grade short horn) which he marked at one and a half years old, and found them more profitable than any others he handled; he also stated that fine stock must be well kept or they would rapidly deteriorate.

Dr. Perry: "I would like to ask Prof. Fallyer whether any analysis of soils has been made at the college and what are the results?"

Prof. Fallyer: "We have done something at soil analysis but we do not place much dependence upon it in determining the fertility of the soils or the proper fertilizers to apply; this is the point where theory and practice do not agree."

Dr. Perry: "A gentleman from Barbour County raises hogs mainly on sorghum with great success."

Mr. McClellan and Dr. Perry recommended sorghum highly as feed for cattle.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 5, 1885.

Mrs. Dr. Perry and daughter left yesterday morning for New Orleans, to be absent three weeks, and the Doctor is left to the vicissitudes of a lone "widdy."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 19, 1885.

Cowley's Farmer's Institute is now a permanency. A good number of our wide-awake farmers met at the COURIER office Saturday last with Mr. J. S. Baker, of Tisdale, in the chair and Mr. F. A. A. Williams, of Winfield, Secretary.

Dr. C. Perry, chairman of the committee on organization, submitted a plan of organization, which was discussed and adopted as follows.

WHEREAS, Everyone engaged in the business of agriculture can be benefitted by having at command the combined experiences of practical men engaged in said business, and more particularly so where the peculiarities of climate and soil have to be learned before successful results can be obtained; and

WHEREAS, That if a proper spirit of emulation can be excited among us the result will be that the standing of the agricultural profession will be raised in the estimation of the whole community in this region and that values of agricultural property will be greatly enhanced.

Therefore, we, the undersigned farmers in Cowley County, do hereby organize ourselves into an association to be called The Farmers Institute of Cowley County, Kansas.

The objects of this association will be to hold regular meetings for the discussion of agricultural topics and the dissemination of facts, which shall tend to produce the results before stated.

Anyone interested in the cultivation of the soil or the raising of livestock can become a member of this association by the annual payment of the sum of fifty cents.

The officers of this Association shall be a President, Vice President, Secretary, and Treasurer, who shall be elected annually and who shall perform the duties usually required of such officers.

There shall be a Board of Directors, which shall be composed of the aforesaid officers, ex-officio and one member in each township, who shall take in charge the interests of the Association, each in his respective township, and to have for a part of his duty the organization of a local Farmers Club auxiliary to this Association. The before named Board of Directors to have the complete management of the affairs of this Association.

The officers of the Association shall be the officers of the Board who, with two directors shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.

There shall be an annual meeting of this society continuing two or more days for the election of officers and for the discussion of agricultural topics in accordance with a program arranged by said Board of Directors, and there shall also be such other meetings as the Board of Directors shall call.

Any other rules and regulations can be added to these articles of association by a majority vote of members present at the annual meeting.

After the adoption of the plan of organization, the following members were enrolled, and paid their admission fee.

G. L. Gale, M. H. Markcum, R. J. Yeoman, J. S. Baker, J. F. Martin, F. W. McClellan, W. E. Merydith, F. H. Burton, Dr. C. Perry, R. T. Thirsk, A. H. Broadwell, D. C. Stevens, H. McKibben, S. P. Strong, and F. A. A. Williams.

The officers of the Institute were selected as follows.

Mr. S. P. Strong, of Rock township, President; Mr. F. W. McClellan, of Walnut, Vice President; Mr. F. A. A. Williams, of Winfield, Secretary; Mr. M. H. Markcum, of Pleasant Valley, Treasurer.

The following board of township directors was elected, conditioned on their becoming members of the organization.

Bolton, Amos Walton; Beaver, F. H. Burton; Vernon, R. J. Yeoman; Ninnescah, L. Stout; Rock, E. J. Wilber; Fairview, T. S. Green; Walnut, R. T. Thirsk; Pleasant Valley, A. H. Broadwell; Silverdale, George Green; Tisdale, J. S. Baker; Winfield, Dr. Perry; Liberty, J. C. McCloy; Richland, D. C. Stevens; Omnia, W. R. Stolp; Silver Creek, John Stout; Harvey, R. S. Strother; Windsor, Samuel Fall; Dexter, W. E. Merydith; Cedar, J. H. Service; Otter, Mr. Mills; Sheridan, J. R. Smith; Maple, Mr. Fitzsimmons, Creswell, Ed. Green; Spring Creek, H. S. Libby.

On motion, M. H. Markcum, F. W. McClellan, and Dr. C. Perry were appointed a committee on plan of work.

Jas. F. Martin was elected honorary vice president of the Institute by a unanimous rising vote.

The meeting adjourned to Saturday, Feb. 18th, at 1 o'clock p.m.

The committee on grass seed will correspond with leading firms east and west, and find where the best seed can be obtained cheapest, and be prepared to select at the next meeting of the Institute. Persons desiring to order through the Institute should be present at that meeting.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 5, 1885.

An adjourned meeting of the Cowley Co. Farmers' Institute was held at the COURIER office Saturday last, with President S. P. Strong, of Rock, in the chair. Secretary F. A. A. Williams read minutes of last meeting, as previously published, and they were adopted.

Dr. C. Perry, from the committee on plan of work, made his report. The following is the plan of work adopted.

1st. The President shall appoint standing committees from the board of directors consisting of one member each, who shall have in charge particular branches of agriculture; said committees shall collect all the facts and experiences practicable, in relation to their respective branches, and shall report the same to this Association when called upon by the President. Said committees shall be arranged as follows.

1st. Committee on Horticulture.

2nd. Soils and cultivated crops.

3rd. Grasses.

4th. Breeding and marketing of stock.

5th. Dairying.

6th. Farm buildings.

7th. Forestry.

2nd. The secretary or other person appointed by the President shall collate from the report such facts and information as shall be beneficial to the members of this Association and shall publish the same in any county paper that will do the same free of expense.

3rd. The program for the winter meeting to be carefully arranged and the subjects selected for consideration fully discussed, and reliance must largely be placed upon local talent.

The following are the standing committees as appointed by the President.

On Horticulture, R. T. Thirsk.

Soils and cultivated crops, Dr. Perry.

Grasses, F. A. A. Williams.

Breeding and marketing stock, F. W. McClellan.

Farm buildings, G. L. Gale.

Forestry, J. F. Martin.

The next thing taken up was the report of the Committee on grass seed. The Secretary reported the rates received from several eastern and western firms, and the chairman of the Committee (Mr. Martin) reported confidential rates given to members of the Institute by our Winfield seed firm, Brotherton & Silver. He also showed a sample of English blue grass seed, and stated that on the farm of Mr. Hanna, north of Winfield, it had succeeded well, sown on rocky knolls and tramped in by stock; would keep green all summer and was much preferred in Kentucky and in parts of this State where it had been tried, to Kentucky blue grass.

The action taken on the report of the Committee on grass seed was about as follows.

That the Society desired to patronize home institutions and will order grass seed of them if it can do so at reasonable rates. Any parties desiring to order through the Institute can correspond with the Secretary, who, with the other officers of the Association, have power to transact such business.

The Secretary was requested to notify the directors of the different townships of their election, and request them to form township organizations as provided in the constitution.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 12, 1885.

At the regular business meeting of the Ladies Library Association on Tuesday of last week, the following named ladies were elected as officers and directors for the ensuing year: President, Mr. D. A. Millington; Vice-President, Mrs. W. R. Kirkwood; Secretary, Mrs. N. J. Lundy; Treasurer, Mrs. C. M. Wood; Librarian, Mrs. W. L. Mullen. Directors: Mrs. G. W. Miller, Mrs. F. W. Finch, Mrs. C. Taylor, Mrs. Dr. Graham, Mrs. Dr. Perry, Mrs. Dr. Tandy, Mrs. J. S. Myers, Mrs. C. Strong, and Miss E. Strong.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 12, 1885.

Farmers should note carefully the article of Dr. C. Perry in another column, and assist in the elevation and advancement of their vocation by aiding him in collecting the facts desired.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 12, 1885.

TO THE FARMERS OF COWLEY COUNTY. The undersigned having been appointed by the Farmers' Institute a committee on soils and cultivated crops, is desirous of obtaining a full description of the various soils in this County, differing as they do very materially, and therefore he earnestly requests that all who feel interested in the success of the Institute will send him facts and descriptions relating to the soils and crops in their respective localities, as follows.

1st. Surface soil, general characteristics: color, depth, preponderance of clay or sand.

2nd. Subsoils: color, general character; whether porous or hard-pan; underlaid by lime-stone, slate, or sand-stone.

3rd. Gumbo soils: their peculiarities; what your experience as to the best method of making them friable or mellow.

4th. Alkali soils: their peculiarities; what experiments have you made in their cultivation and what (in your opinion) is the best method of treating them.

5th. Any other suggestions in relation to soils.

6th. Crops: Wheatthe best and most productive variety; thick or thin sowing the best; has continuous cropping of wheat materially reduced the yield.

7th. CornDeep or shallow plowing and cultivation the best; listing or check-rowing best.

8th. Oatsthe most productive variety; best plan of cultivation.

9th. Experiences and opinions relating to other cultivated crops.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 16, 1885.

The Cowley County Farmers' Institute held its regular monthly meeting at the COURIER office, Saturday last with President S. P. Strong in the chair. Secretary F. A. A. Williams reported having received the Kansas City Price Current as ordered, and read letters from wholesale implement firms relative to furnishing members of the Institute with machinery. The Secretary was instructed to subscribe for the Winfield DAILY COURIER, containing market reports, draw an order for amount of three months subscription, and keep on file, in the COURIER office, with the Daily Price Current. On motion of J. F. Martin, Ed P. Greer was elected honorary member of the association. The secretary was instructed to procure a safe receptacle for the papers, records, and other property of the association. Ed P. Greer was elected assistant secretary. M. H. Markcum, J. W. Millspaugh, and G. L. Gale were appointed a committee to interview our implement firms and lay before them a proposition from a Kansas City firm to give reduced rates on implements to members of the Institute and see if they will do the same. The committee was instructed to file their report with the assistant secretary for members desiring information. Messrs. Strong, Perry, Gale, and others gave experience as to clover and wheat. Some clover and alfalfa had winter killed, but a good deal of it was coming up thick with young plants from last year's seed. All agreed that clover seeds much more heavily in this country than in the east. Dr. Perry thought the raising of clover seed would be a very profitable industry in this country. Mr. Millspaugh advocated deep plowing for all crops, especially for corn. [Cannot read next sentence.] Other members thought grass would do well in most places if the ground was properly prepared, and the wild [?] nature subdued. Mr. Martin had great faith in grass growing in Cowley County. Had shown his faith by investing nearly a hundred dollars in grass seed. Reported fruit buds generally in fine condition, raspberries somewhat injured. It was voted that the Institute meet at 2 p.m., and adjourn at 4:30 p.m. Mr. Markcum and Dr. Perry were appointed a committee to see about a larger room for meeting.

[Note: Paper had white-out spots in above article and items below it.]

[Had to skip items headed as "Lost."]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 4, 1885.

Dr. C. Perry informs us that a very destructive worm, resembling the cut worm, is destroying the clover in his yard. It eats the leaves off, leaving the stalk perfectly bare. The Doctor has searched in vain for a name or remedy for the destroyer. This is a chance for some entomologist to vent himself.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

The Cowley County Horticultural Society held its regular monthly meeting last Saturday in the real estate office of Curns & Manser. It was "strawberry day," and the array of specimens was grand, and the discussion on the qualities of the various varieties very profitable. President Martin considered the Crescent seedling strawberry the best. Mr. Mentch thought the Charles Downing the best to plant with the Crescent. It was an excellent berry of itself. President Martin planted the Ironclad, profuse bloomers, but failed to fruit. The Glendale makes an excellent show, and Kentucky blooms late and bears late. Communication from Secretary of State Society in regard to semi-annual meeting at Oswego, June 10th and 11th, read and filed. Letter read from Secretary Brackett, expresses the opinion that the English Walnut may succeed in Southern Kansaswould try the Japan Persimmon. President called attention of members present that G. S. Manser, city, has the Japan Persimmon in baring on his grounds in the city. Mr. Grober stated that the English Walnut withstood severe cold weather in Germany. Dr. Perry thought that a dry winter was most injurious to tree growth. President Martin thought the dry sub-soil and severe cold is the cause of trees winter-killing. Mr. Mentch thought the curled leaf of the peach was caused by the late frost. The Wager peach reported exempt from this curl leaf. Mr. said that the budded and seedling bloom before and after the freeze with no perceptible difference. Mr. Manser sold $16 worth of fruit from two trees of Wild Goose plums. Dr. Perry had seen good results from the use of coal ashes as a mulch for fruit trees. The Doctor exhibited a caterpillar that infested his clover plants, also the peach and rose trees. Dr. Perry was requested to act as a committee to procure "Saunders on Insects," as the most desirable works for the use of the society, and also to correspond with Prof. Snow, of Lawrence, as to other works suited to Kansas horticulturists. At the suggestion of Pres. Martin, Mr. F. A. A. Williams was elected delegate to the semi-annual meeting of the State Horticultural Society at Oswego, June 10th and 11th. Mr. F. A. A. Williams thought that the society should take some steps toward finding markets for our surplus peaches and other fruit, and if possible, make some arrangements for shipping. The President appointed Mr. Williams. Mr. Thirsk, and Mr. DeTurk, as committee on marketing fruits.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 11, 1885.

Dr. Perry brings us a bunch of timothy from his yard. It contains a hundred stalks and is four feet high. The stool is from a single seed planted three years ago, and never before allowed to go to seed. Tame grasses are not only a success in Cowley, but grow luxuriantly.

Dr. C. Perry becomes a director of the bank: "Winfield National Bank."...

Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 18, 1885.

We are in receipt of a handsome circular announcing the change of the Winfield Bank to the Winfield National Bank, with a paid in capital of one hundred thousand dollars, and an authorized capital of five hundred thousand dollars. H. B. Schuler is president and E. T. Schuler, cashier. The directors are H. B. Schuler, J. B. Lynn, C. Perry, Dr. Geo. Emerson, Arthur H. Greene, of Pleasant Valley; H. R. Branson, of Dexter; and George H. Williams, of Rock. The new National opens up under the most favorable auspices. Mr. Schuler is a banker of long experience and is conservative and careful as a manager. The directors are among our best businessmen and capitalists. The old Winfield Bank has long enjoyed the confidence and a large share of the business of our people and THE COURIER predicts for the Winfield National, into which it has merged, long continued success and prosperity.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 13, 1885.


MESSRS. EDITORS: As a citizen I have actively opposed the occupation of any of the streets through the residence portion of our city by either of the railroads now approaching us. But after looking over the ground carefully, I can see, and everyone who is interested will see, that there is a line of passage which could be given them with little detriment to public and private convenience, and with advantages more than commensurate with the injuries sustained. I refer to the occupation of Loomis street, from the Kansas R. R. southward to between 11th and 12th avenues, and then following the course of the ravine by the Walnut river. By so doing, we could secure, Firstthe proper filling and grading of that "valley of dry bones" and catch all of the debris of the citybetween 9th and 12th avenues. Secondthe opening of a complete drainage for the low grounds on the east and south sides of our city. There is no denying the fact, that if we would avoid the future devastation of our homes by disease and pestilence, we will soon have to inaugurate a complete system of drainage, and the expense attending it will amount to more than the appropriations already made by the city to the roads. If the railroad companies will provide and keep up a sufficient drainage outlet, the city could well afford to contribute to pay for some of the consequential damages for occupation of the street. In footing the interest of the roads, we can demand reciprocal benefits in this and other matters. I will not enlarge upon this subject; I wish only to call the attention of the City Council and citizens to this matter and to advise a candid and thorough examination of the subject before action is taken in deciding the course to be pursued.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 27, 1885.

Mr. A. H. Jennings spent July and part of August in Ohio. While absent, always having an eye peeled for the advancement of his home, he had an interview with the hosiery manufacturing firm of J. B. Mercer & Co., Zanesville, Ohio, whose desire for a more expansive location had slyly reached his ears. He found this to be one of the busiest manufactories he was ever in, but running on a smaller scale than the firm's trade demanded and the proprietors were able to carry. They employ about two hundred hands, some sixty- five of them women, and turn out two or three hundred dozen hose daily, woolen and cotton. The articles were of the very best and had big sales, the cotton goods largely in the west and south and the woolen in the north and west. Their orders were then two hundred behind. The firm buys its cotton in St. Louis and its wool all over the country. Wool costs them 29 to 35 cents per poundhere it would cost only 15 to 20 cents, and cotton can be shipped from St. Louis here just as cheaply as to Zanesville, and our railway export facilities will be equal to Zanesville with our two new lines. This firm is composed of three practical workmen. They are desirous of moving their factory where facilities for extending it to the manufacture of all kinds of goods are better. The first point in their eye was Kansas City. Mr. Jennings laid the superior advantages of Winfield before them, situated in a great wool-growing country, a good stream for dyeing purposes, no competition in the section, with a broad, fruitful territory for their wares. To work up this matter among our businessmen, a meeting of the Enterprise Association was held at the Court House last night. Dr. C. Perry presided, and H. G. Norton recorded. Mr. Jennings laid this enterprise before the meetingits great importance to our industrial welfare and the substantiality of our county, with the certainties of success. The probable subsidy needed is between five and ten thousand dollars. The matter was received favorably by our businessmen, and A. H. Jennings, B. F. Wood, J. P. Baden, Col. Whiting, and J. B. Lynn were appointed a committee of correspondence and further investigation, said committee to confer with Frank Manny regarding the purchase of his brewery building for this manufactory. W. W. Andrews offered to donate grounds for a factory building. The committee will pass one of this woolen mill firm to Winfield that he may look over the ground. We have now struck an enterprise that means big benefits. Let us all brace up. A little of the zeal and public spirit displayed in gaining enterprises in the past few months will secure this one. Make a strong pull, a big pull, and pull altogether. Barring the twenty experts Mercer & Co. must bring with them, this mill insures labor for 200 or more persons and a big enhancement of our wool industry.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, September 24, 1885.

Winfield National Bank. NO. 3351.

CAPITAL, $100,000. AUTHORIZED CAPITAL, $500,000.

President: H. B. Schuler

Cashier: E. T. Schuler

DIRECTORS: C. Perry, H. B. Schuler, Geo. H. Williams, J. B. Lynn, A. H. Greene, Geo. Emerson, H. R. Braum.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Fred Kropp returned Monday from Geuda Springs, where he moved four houses for Dr. Perry. Fred and his mules could move the state of Kansas in a reasonable time. He gets there all the time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The pleasant home of Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Shearer, 917 Mansfield street, was the scene of a most happy gathering Monday evening. The occasion was the celebration of the 20th wedding anniversary of Mr. and Mrs. Shearer. Though the rain interfered with the attendance of a number, by nine o'clock over eighty were present, in their happiest mood. Soon after nine o'clock the "bride and groom" were presented and re-united in the bonds whose sweet and bitter they had thoroughly experienced. Rev. J. H. Reider re-tied the knot in a novel and jolly ceremony, the groom consenting to all the compulsory vicissitudes of a "hen-pecked" husband, and she to clothe, feed, protect, scold (in foreign language) until death. After the ceremony and hearty congratulations, a collation of choicest delicacies was served in profusion and most thoroughly enjoyed. The presents were handsome and valuable, the most prominent being an exquisitely painted china dinner set. It embraced a hundred and twenty- five piecesthe handsomest thing obtainable in china ware. It was a token from the following persons: Rev. and Mrs. J. H. Reider, Rev. and Mrs. B. Kelly, Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Wood, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Soward, Dr. and Mrs. F. M. Pickens, Mr. and Mrs. S. L. Gilbert, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Dalton, Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Bliss, Mrs. R. B. Waite and Mrs. Hartwell, Mrs. E. M. Albright and family, Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Silliman, Col. and Mrs. Wm. Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. Ed. Nelson, Prof. and Mrs. I. N. Inskeep, Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Burnett, Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Arment, Dr. and Mrs. H. L. Wells, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Mann, Mr. and Mrs. Frank W. Finch, Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Thompson, Mr. and Mrs. D. Taylor and Miss Minnie, Mr. and Mrs. A. Herpich, Mr. and Mrs. L. Conrad, Mrs. A. Silliman and Miss Lola, Mrs. C. Strong and Miss Emma, Mrs. Dr. Bailey, Misses Fannie, Jessie, and Louie Stretch, Miss March, Misses Mattie and Mary Gibson, Nettie and Anna McCoy, Lydia Tyner, Maggie Herpich, Maude Kelly, Ida Johnston, and Maude Pickens, Mr. and Mrs. C. Collins, and Miss Lena Walrath. Among the other presents were: Fruit holder and saucer, by Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Burgauer; individual pepper and salt holders, Miss Burgauer; cup and saucer, Wm. Statton; fruit dish, Dr. and Mrs. C. Perry and Mrs. Judd; China Plaque, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Balliet; soup bowl, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Newton; pickle dish, Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Harrod; fruit plate, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Lynn; fruit plate, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Johnston; fruit plate, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. R. Bates; fruit plate, Geo. D. Headrick; fruit plate, John Roberts and Mrs. Reed; fruit plate, Mr. and Mrs. I. W. Randall; cut glass fruit and pickle dish, tooth-pick holder and finger bowl, Mesdames G. H. Allen, D. L. Kretsinger, A. H. Doane, C. S. Van Doren, and John Tomlin; plate, bowl and pitcher, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Bullene; water pitcher, Mr. M. Hahn; cake stand, Kate Shearer; $20 gold piece, Mr. and Mrs. Louis Shearer of Geneseo, Illinois. A good majority of the donors were present, and under the agreeable hospitality of Mr. and Mrs. Shearer, nicely assisted by their daughter, all passed the evening most enjoyably, departing at a late hour, wishing that the bride and groom might have many more such happy anniversaries, clear down to the one of gold, with its silvery locks and ripened years.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The Marriage of Mr. Ezra H. Nixon and Miss Jessie Millington Thursday Night.

At an early hour the large double parlors, sitting room, and hall were filled almost to overflowing by the following friends.

Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Kennedy, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Schuler, Dr. and Mrs. Geo. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Capt. and Mrs. J. S. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Buckman, Mr. and Mrs. S. L. Gilbert, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, Rev. and Mrs. H. D. Gans, Col. and Mrs. J. C. McMullen, Senator and Mrs. W. P. Hackney, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bedilion, Mr. and Mrs. Ed P. Greer, Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Short, Judge and Mrs. T. H. Soward, Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Root, Mr. and Mrs. L. H. Webb, Senator and Mrs. J. C. Long, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Balliet, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Harter, Senator and Mrs. F. S. Jennings, Mr. and Mrs. O. Branham, Mr. and Mrs. R. Oliver, Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Richards; Mesdames J. C. Fuller, A. T. Spotswood, E. P. Hickok, Ed Beeny, T. B. Myers, A. C. Bangs, Judd, H. H. Albright; Misses Emma Strong, Sallie McCommon, Nettie R. McCoy, Annie McCoy, Anna Hunt, Margie Wallis, Lizzie Wallis, Ida Johnston, Leota Gary, Sadie French, Hattie Stolp, Lena Walrath, Minnie Taylor, Huldah Goldsmith, and Lillie Wilson; Messrs. R. E. Wallis, C. Perry, Geo. C. Rembaugh, C. F. Bahntge, W. C. Robinson, E. Wallis, Ad Brown, Lewis Brown, Ed J. McMullen, Frank H. Greer, P. H. Albright, I. L. Millington, T. J. Eaton, M. J. O'Meara, M. H. Ewart, R. B. Rudolph, M. Hahn, James Lorton, C. D. Dever, E. Schuler, F. F. Leland, Lacey Tomlin, Jos. O'Hare, Eli Youngheim, H. Sickafoose, H. Goldsmith, Moses Nixon, L. D. Zenor, and George Schuler.


Dr. Perry and family and Mrs. J. M. Albright and family, celluloid toilet set.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The committees, appointed at the citizens' meeting, to work up the submitting of propositions for the extension of the Florence El Dorado & Walnut railroad from Douglass to Winfield, met yesterday afternoon in McDougall's hall to determine on the apportionment of the amount of aid asked. Judge T. H. Soward called the meeting to order. S. P. Strong was chosen chairman and W. J. Wilson, Secretary. M. L. Robinson then explained the object of the meeting, to get everything in readiness for aggressive work in submitting the propositions and securing this road.

Every movement must have money back of it to insure its success. This and other enterprises needing agitation take money. Contributions were called for to be placed in the hands of the Winfield Enterprise Association for use in submitting these railroad propositions and any other progressive enterprise for which the Association sees necessity.

C. Perry gave $5.00.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Dr. Perry has shown us a miniature photographed copy of the Wenona, Illinois, Index. On paper a foot square is represented a nine column sheet, that can be read as plainly as an impression from the press. It is done by means of a regular photographer's negative and may some day come into general use. This is the best one we have yet seen.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 21, 1886.

A meeting of the stockholders of the Winfield National Bank was held Tuesday, Jan. 12th, 1886. C. Perry, Arthur H. Greene, Geo. Emerson, J. B. Lynn, Geo. H. Williams, Henry R. Branson, and H. B. Schuler were elected directors. The officers elected are H. B. Schuler, President; Everett Schuler, cashier; and Geo. H. Schuler, assistant cashier.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, March 11, 1886.


Dr. Perry read subject of discussion in February meeting of Sumner County Horticultural Society, on "What is the cause of the premature decay of our apple orchards?" some of whose members ascribed it to the propagation from root grafts. Mr. Mentch did not consider the propagation from root grafts the cause or in any way detrimental to the longevity of the apple tree.

Dr. Perry and Mr. Pierson had heard that the Coffee tree seed was poisonous.