[From Wednesday, September 2, 1885, through September 30, 1885.]

(Note: Previous issueAugust 26, 1885,missing.)


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 2, 1885.

The Fences Must Come Down.

The great cattle companies that have illegally fenced in millions of acres of the public lands, learn their fate in the proclamation lately issued by President Cleveland. Probably it will never be known exactly how far their rapacity has gone, since some of them will prob- ably hasten to abandon parts of the territory they have seized, in the hope for longer retention of the rest. Yet it is is known that their bold trespasses have been carried on upon a prodigious scale. "These stock ranges," said Commissioner McFarland's report, "sometimes cover several hundred thousand acres. Special agents report that they have ridden many miles in single enclosures, and that the same often contain much fine farming land."

Documents laid before the committee on public lands in the last congress showed that in Colorado alone two foreign companies had fenced in more than a million acres each of the public lands. In the same state H. H. Metcalf and J. W. Powers, according to a letter of Secretary Teller, had fenced in 200,000 acres each; Lowery Brothers, 150,000; McDaniel & Davis, 75,000; E. C. Jane, Vrooman & McFife, and the Reynolds Cattle Co., 50,000 each; Garnett & Langford, and Chick, Brown & Co., 30,000, and so on with less rapacional squatters. In Nebraska the Brighton ranch occupied 125,000 acres, and the Kennebee from 20,000 to 50,000; Coe & Carter had up to fifty miles of fence; J. W. Wilson, forty; J. W. Bosler, 20. In Nevada W. Humphrey had up to thirty miles of fence, and Nelson & Son twenty-five. In Kansas great tracts were fenced in. In Wyoming more than a hundred companies had made illegal enclosures. Dakota showed the same reckless trespassing, and in New Mexico were the Dubuque, Cimarron, and Renello Companies and others with very large enclosures, one of which was declared during a debate in congress to be thirty miles square.

Attempting to draw up approximate statistics of illegal fencing that had been reported to him, the late land commissioner found them to include 2,300,000 acres in Colorado, 1,500,000 in New Mexico, 300,000 in Nebraska, 250,000 in Wyoming, 200,000 in Kansas, 60,000 in Nevada, and an unknown acreage in Montana and other territories.

The seizure of the public lands is not the only wrong done in these cases. Armed herdsmen hold these tracts against the entrance of genuine settlers. The pre-emption and homestead laws, designed to aid citizens, are perverted or opening defied by the cattle companies and their unscrupulous agents. The latter seize the pasturage and leisurely examine the mineral wealth of the domains they have fenced in, while even the United States mail courier has sometimes been compelled to go miles away from his accustomed route, from finding barbed wires stretched across his path. Homesteaders have been fenced in by them, in some cases, and have been threatened with violence or actually shot at for complaining or forcing an egress for themselves through the wires.

Even these acts of open violence do not complete the offenses of the land grabbers. In many instances they have sought to gain a partial hold on public lands, in order to avoid sudden ejection from them, by a pretended acquisition of title. The land office not long ago thus referred to this incidental wrong of the illegal fencing.

"A frequent incident to this control of large bodies of land is the acquirement of title by stock owners to the valleys, water courses, and other especially valuable lands within the enclosures, by means of fraudulent or fictitious entries caused to be made under the pre- emption, homestead, and desert land laws."

At last, however, a check to this career of trespass, thieving, and fraud, with its interruption of public travel, detention of the mails, and intimidation of honest settlers, may be expected. The law passed at the last session of congress certainly gives all the additional facilities demanded for putting an end to these wrongs. It will not be surprising, however, to discover that the companies in some cases hold pretended titles to parts of their tracts through the connivance and assistance of local representatives of the government. In each case it may be found that the first necessity for the detection and punishment of the frauds is the removal of all registers, receivers, agents, and other government officers, whom negligence, incapacity, or corruption has made these wrongs possible. New York Sun.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 2, 1885.


Senator Dawes in behalf of the Senatorial committee, who visited the territory lately to inquire into the operation of the cattle leases, has written a letter in which he takes sides with the administration in its war upon the cattlemen. Secretary Teller is made the target of severe criticism, the Massachusetts statesman declaring that "the late administration of the interior department is as much responsible for the present demoralized and deplorable condition of affairs on the leased Indian reservations as if it had set directly about producing it. That department is the only responsible author of it, and its files are full of the evidence." Senator Dawes avows his faith in the purpose of President Cleveland to manage the affairs of the Indians wisely and equitably, and thus surpass his republican predecessors in his conduct of that troublesome race."

As Mr. Dawes' personal inquisitions into the condition of the red race were confined to the Indian Territory, we wish to ask where he found the condition of affairs so "demoralized and deplorable" as he would have us believe. Certainly not among the five great nations. They have their national councils to remedy and adjust any wrong that exists, and their law courts to punish offenders. As a matter of fact, the leases granted by the Cherokees, the Creeks, and the Chickasaws are satisfactory, the lease money is paid promptly, and all are benefited.

It is true trouble exists with the Cheyennes; but when was that turbulent tribe ever without trouble? A portion of the members grew uneasy at the presence of the cattlemen, and Gen. Sheridan recommended the president to order the herds and the cowboys to leave. But this was against the wishes of the entire Arapaho tribe and the greater portion of the Cheyennes; and it is clear to see that yet worse trouble impends now the rations of both tribes are cut down one-third, and they have no lease money to help out short commons with the trader. It is known that the former agent of the Cheyennes and Arapahos negotiated the leases in the interest of those tribes, it being his belief that the presence of the herds and their attendants would wean the Indians from their devotion to their worthless ponies, and cure them of their antipathy to "spotted buffalo." And the sound judgment of Agent John D. Miles and his philanthropic interest in the advancement of the red race are too well known to need insisting on.

If we go to the inferior tribes, we see no demoralization there. The Poncas have sent a petition to the president, signed by every male member, asking that their lease be undisturbed. Not long since we published a letter (couched in original phrase) from a Ponca to B. F. Childs, offering him upwards of thirty "cattle-cow" for sale. It is a fact that the more progressive Indians raise little herds of their own, which they sell with all the avidity of their white rivals. The Cheyenne Transporter tells of two Arapaho chiefs, Powder Face and Left Hand, who are putting up neat two-room dwellings. The materials they paid for out of their own means, and the money was derived from the cattle industry.

Senator Dawes is not a sound authority on the Indian question. He is possessed of the idea that the unscrupulous stock-raisers are oppressing and defrauding the unsophisticated reds, and because he spent a week in the territory he thinks he knows the whole thing. We give the president credit for acting in good faith; but we venture this prediction, that before his present term is expired he will have the affairs of the territory in such a hopeless mix that he will curse his unlucky stars he ever laid hands on it.

See the ruin impending over the Chilocco school as an evidence.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 2, 1885.

Kaw Agency.

D. D. Keeler, superintendent of the Kaw Agency, was in town last week to meet his wife on her return from a month's visit to her relations in Iowa. But a letter from the lady informed him of her sickness with malaria and the unavoidable delay in her return. We learn from Mr. Keeler that the school vacation expired on Monday, the 31st, two months' holiday being given the scholars, and yesterday they settled down to another year's school work. There are fifty-five scholars under the tuition of Mrs. A. C. Hoag, a lady who shows special fitness for her vocation, keeps her scholars interested, and brings out all the scholastic qualities that are in them. Mrs. Keeler is matron. Sixty-five acres of corn have been raised and gathered by the Kaws, the yield being a good average; drouth has not affected farm labor in that locality. Forty tons of hay have beenn cut and stored in the barn, and 18 acres of millet secured, which is now ready to stack. T. B. Puckett is the industrial teacher. The agency has a herd of 145 cattle, from which a supply of beef is derived for the scholars, the consumption being one beef a week. Mr. Keeler has held his position five years, and performed his duties satisfactorily, but the new Osage Agent, Frederic K. Hoover, will soon arrive; and as he has the appointment to Mr. Keeler's office, he stands ready to turn over as soon as his successor arrives. Mr. Keeler renewed his subscription to the TRAVELER.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 2, 1885.


The school treasurer reports an exhausted exchequer, and a considerable floating indebtedness besides. This deficiency was largely caused by the building of the fourth ward schoolhouse, the total cost of which, including purchase of ground, furniture, heating apparatus, etc., amounted (in round numbers) to $14,500. The bonds issued to meet this expense were for $10,000. One bond of $1,000 has been paid, leaving the bonded indebtedness of the district, $9,000.


This statement of orders outstanding is taken from the treasurer's register of orders presented for payment and not paid for want of funds, and includes no orders that may be outstanding and not presented for payment.

The following figures show how the school fund is expended:

Salary of superintendent: $1,100.00

Amount paid teachers: $4,400.00

Incidental expenses, including fuel, janitors, insurance, etc.: $1,843.93

TOTAL: $6,943.93

The records of the clerk to the school board show that the average monthly pay of the teachers is $45.45; the average amount earned by the teacher during the school year, $363.65. Eleven teachers were employed last year, exclusive of the superintendent, and 32 weeks (or 160 days) comprised the school year. The enrollment shows 404 males and 385 females: total 789. The average attendance was 595.

There seems to be a confusion in the school fund account, arising from the inadequacy of the means provided to pay all demands. The treasurer's report shows a teachers' fund, an incidental fund, and a building fund, and, of course, every order presented should be paid from the proper fund, but the cost of the new school building exceeded the amount voted by our citizens $4,500, and the most pressing orders appear to have been paid from any money available. Leaving $2,000 of the salaries due to the teachers is a gross injustice to those ladies, and it is to be hoped that speedy provision will be made to wipe out that debt. We can understand that the school trustees are surrounded with financial difficulties, the work growing rapidly on their hands and inadequate provision made to meet the requirement. It would be well to find what portion of the floating debt cannot be liquidated, and thus reduce the present interest burden.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 2, 1885.

The September term of the district court of Cowley County opened yesterday. In the absence of Judge Torrance, who is in Colorado on a health tour, Judge Buckner occupied the bench. The docket was called and the cases set for trial. In suits where the attorneys are willing to go to trial, justice can be administered by the present judge; but where objection is made, they must go over till the return of Judge Torrance, and probably be continued till the next term.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 2, 1885.


Montgomery County sent a contribution of nine men and one woman to the penitentiary last week.

The Coffeyville Journal says: The ruins of two fires are not the most favorable sights to greet a stranger on entering a small city. A similar remark is applicable to the ruins of our one fire.

Indian Chieftain: Coffeyville's whiskey men shut up their saloons recently and took refuge in the territory. A grand jury is probably in session up at Independence.

Geuda Springs Record: The editor is away this week, and the typo is trying to fill the position, being editor, compositor, and devil, so our readers will excuse anything out of the regular order and a scarcity of news, as we being of the "weaker sex," have not as good an opportunity of learning particulars of passing events as is granted the "lords of creation."

Caldwell Free Press: The complaint of dull times here comes largely from the dog-in-the-manger-policy of our magnificent democratic administration, the uncalled for sudden removal of cattle from the otherwise useless grass south of us. An unsettling of so large and valuable an interest could not do otherwise than have a depressing effect on business here.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 2, 1885.

GEO. E. HASIE & CO., OFFER AT COST FOR 30 DAYS, Choice Fancy and Staple GROCERIES. The following is a partial list.

Pickles, Imported and Domestic. Sauces, Imported and Domestic. Sardines, Imported and Domestic. Anchovy, Imported and Domestic.

Mushrooms, Imported and Domestic. Mustards, Imported and Domestic.

TEAS of all kinds and qualities.

COFFEE. Mocha, Java, Maricaibo, and Rio.

MEATS. Potted, Dried, and Canned.

FISH. Salmon, Mackerel, White, Blue, Cod and Herring, in cans, boxes, kits, half barrels, and barrels.

SHELL FISH. Clams, Shrimps, Lobster, and Oysters.

FRUITS, Jams, Jellies, Butters.

SUGARS. Granulated, Extra "C," Prime "C," Yellow, Cubes, Powdered, Cuba, and Cordova.

FARINACEOUS. Wheat Cracked, Oat Steamed.

PRESERVES of Meats, Figs, and Plum Pudding.

NUTS. Peanuts, Almonds, Walnuts, Brazil, Filberts, and Pecans.

SOAPS. Toilet and Laundry.

SALT. Table, Dairy, and Stock.

PROVISIONS. Ham, Bacon, Dried Beef, Shoulders.

BAKING POWDER. Royal, Price's, Horsford's, Economy, Evans', Crown Jewel.

YEAST. Magic and Wilson's.

SYRUPS. Maple, New Orleans, New York, Silver Drip, Rock Candy Drip, and Sorghum. Thurber's No. 1 and Thurber's No. 4.

CANDIES. Stick, Mixed, Rock, French, and Caramels.

MATCHES. Swedish, Parlor, Telegraph, and Flaming.

CRACKERS. All kinds and varieties.

CHEESE. Mild and Strong.

HOUSEHOLD AND OTHER UTENSILS. Buckets, Tubs, Churns, Sugar and Butter Pails, and Wash Boards.

BASKETS. Clothes', Farmers', Fruit, Seed, and Gravel.

AXLE GREASE. Diamond and Fraxer's.

CIGARS. All favorite brandsforeign and domestic.

Farm and spring wagons and a full line of fine buggies, phaetons, barouches, carriages, and carts on hand.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 2, 1885.

This space is reserved for S. F. STEINBERGER, who will remove into his NEW STORE in a very short time.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

The City Council meets next Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

E. O. Pollock and wife are in town visiting their friends.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Charley Bundrem opened his new meat market in Bishop's block yesterday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

L. Oursler, of Indianapolis, has been spending a week with the family of T. J. Gilbert. He returned home a few days ago.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Rev. H. S. Lundy was thrown from his horse on Sunday, as he was starting out to fill a preaching engagement, and received some severe bruises.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Herman Godehard has moved into his elegant new store, and is opening out a big stock of queensware and other goods to fill his capacious shelves.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

The lawn festival given by Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Cunningham on Friday evening was largely attended, and we understand it was a very pleasant affair.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

The apportionment of the school fund of the state for the year gives Cowley $4,343.49. This money is the interest on the proceeds of the sale of school lands.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Dr. Chapel and his hopeful son, Charlie, returned from their eastern trip on Thursday. Their travels extended as far as New York, and they saw the elephant to fine advantage.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Joseph Finkelburger is now with Ochs & Nicholson, in charge of the clothing department. He is a popular salesman, and we are pleased to see him in commission again.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Now the new agent, F. K. Hoover, has taken hold of the Osage Agency, Major Miles will hasten to give up his trust, and we are pleased to hear that he talks of locating in this city.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

A meeting of our citizens will be held in Meigs & Nelson's real estate office this (Wednesday) evening, to take steps to put the west bridge into permanent repair. A full attendance is requested.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Our city doctors toward the close of the hot spell were kept busy treating malaria patients. The moderation of the heat has abated the activity of the disease, and the medical fraternity is not in such great demand.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Charles H. [? M. ] Wier was up before Police Judge Bryant on Monday, charged with ill treatment of animals. It seems he used too violent means in subduing the untamed broncho to the will of his rider. Fined $5 and costs.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

H. H. Arthur and his son, Horace, spent a day in town last week, and went on into the territory to enjoy a chicken hunt. Mr. Arthur was formerly chief clerk at the Ponca Agency, but is now in the railroad service and lives in Topeka.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Floods in the early season and drouth in midsummer have disappointed the hope of an unusual yield of corn; yet the crop throughout the county will not fall far short of average. In Butler County, the rain fell just when it was worst wanted, and the yield of corn there will be unprecedented in quantity.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Dr. Minthorn, late superintendent of the Chilocco Indian school, was in town on Monday, bidding his many friends good-bye. He and his family in the afternoon started for Newberg, Oregon, where, we believe, he has an engagement to conduct a school. We regret the departure of so useful a man.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

A sportsman returned from a day's hunt. In taking his fowling piece from the buggy, in Biggs & Braden's livery stable, he caught the hammer on some obstruction and the gun went off. The charge bored a hole through the plank partition, but fortunately no one had the top of his head carried away.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Dr. F. Quimby, late surgeon at the Ponca Agency, came to town on Saturday, being relieved by the arrival of his successor, Dr. F. J. Dent, of Breckenridge, Missouri. The doctor reports that the new agent, E. C. Osborn, of Tennessee, has arrived, thus relieving Dr. Scott, whose resignation has been in several months. Dr. Quimby started on Monday for Peach Orchard, Maine, where he thinks of hanging out his shingle. We wish him success.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

The board of county commissioners at their last meeting accepted ten miles of the Kansas City and Southwestern road, running from Beaumont to Atlanta, which entitles the road to the issue of bonds to the amount of $30,000. The contract calls for the building of a passenger station at Omnia, which has not yet been provided; when the station is built, the company will be entitled to an additional $7,000 in bonds. Commissioner Walton pronounces the road bed first-class.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Messrs. Searing and J. G. Danks are entitled to the thanks of their fellow citizens for the faithful work they have put in on the water works committee. They attended every meeting, contributed intelligent counsel, and showed a conscientious regard for the trust they had assumed. Mayor Schiffbauer rendered just as faithful service, but he is a public official, and although his labors are unpaid, we have a right to expect that he will devote all his time to the city's interest. Some people work for praise, others are sordid enough to look for pudding.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

A. A. Newman returned yesterday from his trip to the east.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Charles Schiffbauer is back from his trading post at Gray Horse, and his benevolent countenance is to be seen on our streets again.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Capt. Rees Pickering, late chief clerk at the Pawnee Agency, was in town last week, on his way to his home in Blue Springs, Nebraska. He had been rotated out of office, after three years' efficient service; his successor being M. L. MacKenzie, a gentleman whom the captain speaks of in very favorable terms. Official position is at all times uncertain, and the man who accepts it, must keep his eye out for squalls.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

We have neglected to mention the engagement by S. F. Steinberger of J. G. Cooke, a young gentleman from Nashville, Tennessee, who arrived here two weeks ago and is now dispensing drugs and compounding prescriptions. Mr. Cooke brings scholarly tastes, frank and genial habits, and a spirit of enterprise from the far south, and we are pleased to learn from him that the drive and irrepressible energy of this untiring community impress him favorably. We trust Mr. Cooke will prosper in his new field of enterprise.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Charles Hollaway, who has been on the eve of flight for the last week or two, took his departure on Saturday. He seems to have been crowded out of Arkansas City by unsparing competition, and his new base will be in Sedan, Chautauqua County. Charley has grown up in this community and has made many friends. He is a young man of generous instincts and with some business aptitude. We hope to learn of his prospering in his new field of adventure and justifying the hopes of those who wish him the best. Mr. Hollaway, his father, will remain here for awhile.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Funeral Notice.

DIED. The remains of our late respected citizen, J. L. Howard, leave Arkansas City Sept. 15th, for interment at Indianapolis. All wishing to attend the funeral of the lamented deceased can travel on one way fare for the round trip, good for 60 days. For further information call upon the materialized spirit of the deceased at his office in the rear of the First National Bank, Arkansas City.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

A Card.

We have moved into our new store room, one door north of our old stand, where we cordially invite our many friends and the public generally to come and see us in our new and commodious quarters. We wish to show you what our perseverance and your liberal patronage in the past struggling years have done; that is, one of the finest hardware stores on the border. We heartily and sincerely thank you for past favors, and solicit a continuance of the same. We shall always keep the best grade of hardware, stoves, and tinware, and will do your tin work at the lowest possible prices. Respectfully yours, G. W. MILLER & CO.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

A Labor Strike.

On Sunday morning a misunderstanding arose between C. F. Keeney and W. B. Brown. The former employed the last named to do the plastering in Sawyer's new laundry, but through a misunderstanding it proved a losing job, and the wages were not promptly forthcoming. These men and others implicated with them slept in the building, and when they arose on the morning in question, Brown demanded the money that was due. His employer asked till the next morning to raise it, and an angry altercation ensued in which Brown made at Keeney with a bed slat. This brought G. M. Tait (a friend of Brown's) into the conflict, and B. E. Scheeley intervened in behalf of Keeney. The wordy war was continued, and blows were given, as Scheeley's discolored eye in the court the next morning bore testimony. Judge Bryant doled out justice by fining Brown $10 and Tait $5. His honor also counseled them not to let their angry passions rise again.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Surprise Party.

Mr. and Mrs. Henry Endicott completed the twentieth year of their married life on Monday, and in the evening a large number of their friends paid a visit to their residence to congratulate them on this anniversary of their wedded bliss. The house was thrown open to the reception of this party of merry makers, and a happy time was enjoyed, the Arkansas City Serenade club discoursing some of their excellent music. Henry Endicott and his estimable wife rank among the old settlers of the Arkansas valley, and have won the esteem of the whole community. This visit from a whole houseful of friends was but a testimonial of the regard in which the pair are held. The party was bountifully entertained, and the most cordial sentiments were expressed on both sides. As a fitting memento an elegant set of china was presented, Rev. Mr. Buckner making a short and fitting address. The TRAVELER joins with the many friends of Mr. and Mrs. Endicott in wishing that these anniversaries may be repeated until they attain the fulfillment of their golden wedding.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Mr. W. H. Sawyer's Cost.

The troubles between W. H. Sawyer and the city authorities have not yet ended. Last Saturday he was committed to the county jail for non-payment of fines, amounting to $125, for violation of city ordinance No. 12; but on arriving at Winfield, he begged so hard to be released until the court met on Tuesday (yesterday) that the pity of Deputy Sheriff Finch was moved, and he allowed him to return on his own cognizance. On Monday Mr. Sawyer visited our sanctum to rehearse his troubles. He says he bought his lot on Central Avenue and removed the old frame building on to it before the ordinance extending the fire limits was published. He started upon building an extension, and had purchased lumber for the purpose and set his carpenters to work, when he was informed that he was violating an ordinance. Having gone to considerable expense he laid his case before the city council at its next session, and received the assurance from that body that he would not be interfered with. Upon this he set his mechanics to work again and closed in his building.

But he has been harassed with arrests meanwhile, and fine after fine has been entered against him on the police magistrate's book. He says he is heartily sick of the vexation, and would prefer to have the city set fire to his building or move it away out of his sight, rather than be made the victim of such ceaseless prosecution.

Mr. Sawyer did not return to Winfield on Tuesday, and we understand his case will be considered at the next meeting of the city council.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.


The Condition of the Chilocco School Condemned.

Unwholesome and Insufficient Food Given the Inmates.

A Few Facts Brought To Refute These Charges.

Several months ago Supt. John H. Oberly visited the Chilocco School, and the Globe-Democrat of the 27th, gives the following as the substance of his report.

"Superintendent Oberly says the male pupils are rendering much assistance in farming and gardening, and they are not being instructed in the pursuit of farming. They are being used simply as laborers. None of the pupils are being taught mechanical operations. At table the children serve themselves with eager fingers to the bad food within their reach. Under the superintendent who preceded the present superintendent, Dr. Minthorn, the affairs of the school fell into confusion, until its very existence was threatened. Dr. Minthorn has brought about a degree of order. He has increased the membership and made many improvements, but there is yet much room for reform. The industrial school lacks nearly everything that an industrial school ought to have. In 1883 a herd of 425 cattle was purchased and delivered to the school. This was intended to supply all the beef necessary. At the end of two years there are in the herd only 288 cows and heifers. Exposure and disease is rapidly diminishing that number. There is not on the school land anywhere a shop in which a pupil could learn a trade, although it was the intention of the projectors of the school to teach the trades. Congress at the last session appropriated $2,000 for this purpose, and Superintendent Oberly suggests the erection of a barn, in order to partly supply the need mentioned. Better flour and an occasional change from beef is recommended. In regard to the flour used, Superintendent Oberly says it is mouldy and sour, and unfit for food for human beings. At the best, not enough good flour is furnished for the Indian children. They are allowed no butter, although there are fifty or sixty milch cows. They are allowed no chickens or eggs, although thousands of fowl could be kept without expense. They have no sugar and no dainties. With good bread they might endure all the other shortcomings.

"Superintendent Oberly says the children should not be required to pray `Give us this day our daily bread,' while they are thus fed. The civilization of the Indian cannot, he thinks, be accomplished while their stomachs are abused. In a later report, Superintendent Oberly suggests that an officer of the United States army should be detailed to act as disciplinarian at Chilocco. The school should also be furnished with a United States flag. The superintendent should be authorized to act as a deputy marshal, and the boys should be detailed as Indian police. Superintendent Oberly has received word that his suggestion in regard to the detail of an army officer has been approved by the secretary of the interior and war department, and an officer will be ordered there at once. The Kiowas and other Indians come to the Chilocco school frequently in their war paint and demand their children, demoralizing the superintendent greatly. The cowboys make raids and threaten the inmates, and recognize no protests or appeals. The organization of the school as a police force, under a deputy marshal, would, to a degree, put an end to this state of affairs."


1. The first charge in the above against the former superintendent of the Chilocco school, Dr. Minthorn, is that his Indian boys are employed in farming and gardening, but they are not instructed in the pursuit of farming; they are used merely as laborers. It must be understood that Mr. Oberly has original ideas of Indian training. When he was shown around the Chilocco school, and saw the boys and girls engaged one-half of their time in school studies, and the other half in industrial pursuits; the boys cultivating corn, hoeing potatoes, milking cows, or some other farm work; while the girls were sewing and darning, working in the kitchen or tidying their dormitories, he seems to have thought this work too commonplace and practical to develop the possibilities of the aboriginal mind. He suggested to the officers to whose care these young redskins were committed, that it would be well to teach them the game of baseball on scientific principles, and to spend their evenings unfolding to these immature mathematicians the intricacies of the chess board. His instruction in agriculture would probably be imparted by putting in the hands of these young Kiowas and Comanches Horace Greeley's treatise, "What I know about Farming," or Prof. Silliman's valuable work on "Chemistry of the Soils." While children are brought up on the farm as laborers, Indian boys must be trained as aesthetes and professors.

It must be further borne in mind that only one instructor is allowed by the government to a tract of land 8,960 acres in extent, and to care for nearly 300 head of stock; it thus becomes a necessity to put the boys to work and bring out what usefulness they are capable of. A visitor to the Chilocco school farm when the crops were growing could not but be impressed with the thriftiness that everywhere met his eye; and if he inquired of Mr. Houston, the industrial teacher, while busy with his detail of boys, how his young charges took to farm work, he would be gratified with the reply that his boys took kindly to the culture of the soil, and that in all his charges he had not found one who shirked work.

A resume of the summer's toil shows that the school has broken 250 acres of prairie, from which Dr. Minthorn proposed to raise sufficient wheat next summer to meet the wants of the school. The product of the season's industry was 160 acres of corn, besides 50 acres of sod corn, 60 acres of oats, 100 acres of millet, 50 acres of pumpkins, and quite an extensive vegetable farm. Upwards of 40 tons of hay has been cut and stacked, which was the beginning of a store of 400 tons for winter feed; but Dr. Minthorn was rotated out before this work was accomplished, and his successor has made no effort to increase the present supply. Perhaps he objects to employing his boys as farm laborers.

2. The next assertion that the children serve themselves with eager fingers to the bad food provided is a palpable "not so." Knives, forks, and spoons are furnished every boy and girl, and if Mr. Oberly had used his eyes in the refectory, he would have taken notice of the fact.

3. No mechanical arts are taught because no shops have been provided, and the maintenance of the school is so bare that no shed is provided for the farm implements, no corn crib, no barn for the increase of the fields, no stable for the mules. During the summer, with an appropriation of $5,000 by congress, Dr. Minthorn has erected a laundry, two hospitalsfor boys and girlsa work shop for boys and a sewing room for girls; he has also built hog pens from the lumber left over, where 34 hogs are being raised for winter use. A mechanic was allowed the school during the summer of 1884, but he was discontinued the beginning of the present year because of the inadequacy of the appropriation.

4. The herd of cattle, 425 in number, purchased and delivered to the school two years ago, has dwindled down, through exposure and disease, to 288 cows and heifers. This waste of government stock, we are led to infer, is through the neglect and incompetency of the late superintendent. Dr. Minthorn took charge of the school last November. There was no food put up for the herd, and all the shelter they had was behind a wire fence. Being through cattle, a number died the first win-ter while Mr. Hadley was superintendent, and there was a further mortality last winter, which was an exceedingly trying season for cattle. But the school herd suffered no more severely than did other herds in the territory, as figures will show, and the waste is partially repaired with one hundred calves which Mr. Oberly did not admit into his count.

5. With regard to the charge that the children were fed on sour and mouldy flour, unfit for human food. The flour was furnished as a contract awarded one of our home millers, the quality being one grade better than the sample. The year previous Indian teamsters (Cheyenne) hauled the flour from the mill to the school, as soon as it was inspected, and no complaint was made of its quality. But last year the Cheyennes grew disaffected under their new agent (Dwyer) and refused to serve as teamsters. The 400 sacks of flour for the Chilocco school, duly inspected, were allowed to remain in the mill, to the loss and inconvenience of the contractor, where the flour heated and caked, and when Mr. Oberly visited the school, this deteriorated article was in use.

6. Not enough good food is furnished the children. The plump and healthy forms and faces of these same children show they do not suffer for want. It is true, enough is not allowed by the government for their support, but with all out outdoors to resort to, there must be feeble rustling powers in that little community if they do not revel in abundance. During the summer they have had all the green vegetables they could store away, and it is safe to say that for the last ten weeks not a child has left the table unsatisfied. The people of Arkansas City will bear us out in the assertion that if Dr. Minthorn had been retained in the superintendency two years longer, he would have so developed the resources of that magnificent farm, that instead of its support being a charge upon government, it would have returned a handsome revenue.

7. There are no chickens. When Mr. Oberly visited the Chilocco school, Dr. Minthorn had been in charge seven months. He saw the extensive farm work the doctor was engaged in, the heavy domestic and educational care resting upon him, and that he was superintending the construction of half a dozen offices. His attention was occupied with the more important duties of his officehe had not reached the finishing off points. He had at an earlier period put some fowls on the farm, but they had died through exposure. It was Dr. Minthorn's intention to build chicken houses as soon as he had time to afford to the work, and the lumber to do it with; but Rome was not built in a day.

8. They are allowed no butter although there are 50 or 60 milch cows. Each of those cows had a young calf, and only enough milk could be spared to give each boy and girl a bowlful of the lacteal fluid at breakfast and supper. Many of the calves are now weaned and butter for the school is churned three times a week.

The recommendation that the superintendent of the school should have the powers of a deputy marshal is a good one, providing that officer has the nerve to use such powers. Dr. Minthorn stood off the cowboys, and restrained his truculent Indian visitors by a display of firmness which never blenched. The commission of a peace officer would have given him power to make arrests, but Dr. Minthorn quailed all opposition by his imperturbable coolness and sound judgment.

The report, as presented in the Globe-Democrat, and transferred to our columns, does gross injustice to a deserving and valuable officer, and we have thought it right to supply the above commentary.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Gone From Our Gaze.

The illustrious name of Howard cannot save its bearer from the common doom. Now our genial friend, John L. Howard, has gone dead. We have heard of a London tradesman whose death and burial were announced in the papers, but who was himself perverse enough to believe he was not dead. He spent weeks in the endeavor to convince his friends that he had not entered the land of shades, but the testimony was so strong against him that he could win no converts. Our columns today extend an invitation to the many friends of the late John L. Howard to attend the interment of his remains at Indianapolis, and that the undertaking may be made a success, half fare rates are offered the mourners. We regret we shall not be there to drop a tear into our departed brother's grave, but hundreds, no doubt, will be present at the jovial solemnity, so that the testimony will be irrefutable. Now we admonish the rotund ghost of the deceased, that when the fleshly tabernacle it once inhabited is taken from our midst, and hundreds are present to see it quietly interred, it will be utterly useless to come back here and try to impose on the credulous with any stories of his returning the breath of life. The affairs of this bustling world are with the living, the spirit that has passed the portals has no right revisiting the pale glimpses of the moon. We cannot be harrowed with reiterated farewells. Peace to his ashes.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

The County Canvass.

Politics in the county have not reached bubbling point, and even as election day approaches, it is not likely we shall have any great ferment. So far but six candidates have declared themselves, and half this number have their gaze fixed on one office. When the democrats put their ticket forward, there will be a degree of interest excited, but their chance is so forlorn that their movements are regarded as mimic show, and made for the sole purpose of keeping up appearances. There is talk of an anti-prohibition ticket being put in the field; and if this diversion should develop any strength, there would be lively scratching on the part of candidates. But its few advocates are confined to this city and Winfield, the solid yeomanry of the county favor no such trafficking with the enemy. It is an admitted fact that in Kansas as well as in Iowa, prohibition has not proved a success; it deprives cities of the revenue that was formerly derived from the liquor traffic, and at the same time fails to suppress the trade. High license and other restrictions are considered a more effective way to deal with the evil, but it will never do to divide the party up on this issue; hence an anti- prohibition movement must receive no favor from republicans. Divide and conquer has been an old dodge with strategists, but where a party refuses to go off in sections, this policy will not work. The county republicans are in a harmonious frame of mind to this date, and it is always a safe rule to let well enough alone.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.


Meeting of Citizens To Determine the Question.

An Indifferent Crowd Who Have No Will To Express.

The citizens' meeting on Friday to provide water works for the city, called by the committee appointed at a previous meeting, was slightly attended. At 8 o'clock, the hour designated, less than a score of persons were in the hall. Half an hour after about sixty had assembled, and the meeting was called to order by the appointment of J. P. Johnson for chairman and Frederic Lockley secretary.

The committee was called upon for the reading of its report. In the absence of Major Sleeth, chairman of the committee, Mayor Schiffbauer explained that at the former meeting of citizens, Messrs. Sleeth, Searing, and J. G. Danks had been appointed a committee on behalf of the citizens, to act with three members of the city council to be chosen at the next meeting of that body. He had appointed Messrs. Thompson, Dean, and Dunn, and the committee had added himself to the number. It was contemplated that visits should be paid to neighboring cities to inquire into their systems of water works; but as this would involve expense, and the methods in use supplying water in Winfield, Wichita, Wellington, and Newton were pretty well known to the committee, they had contented themselves with formulating a plan adapted to the needs of our city which they had embodied in a report. The reading of the same being called for, the mayor read as follows.


To the citizens of Arkansas City.

GENTLEMEN: We, the committee to whom was referred the matter of water works, would respectfully submit the following report.

1st. In our judgment the supply should be obtained at the springs now used by the city for water supply; provided, that after being subjected to a thorough test, the supply shall be found adequate to meet all demands, and the quality to be pure and wholesome, and provided further, that the company securing the franchise will guarantee to exclude all surface matter from said springs.

2nd. That in case the supply at the springs shall be found to be inadequate, or that the surface matter cannot be excluded, then in our opinion, the supply should be obtained from a filter basin near the Arkansas River.

3rd. The system should be standpipe and holly combined; that is to say, the works to be so arranged that the standpipe can be shut off from the main and give direct pressure from the pumps into the mains.

4th. The standpipe is to be of iron, to be 25 feet in diameter, and sixty feet high, placed on a tower 50 feet high, built of stone laid in cement.

5th. There shall be two pumps, each capable of pumping one million gallons every 24 hours, so arranged as to be run either separately or together; and two boilers arranged the same as pumps, and each capable to run the pumps at full capacity with easy firing.

6th. In our opinion there will be required 5,630 feet of 12 inch main, running from the works, if situated where the present works stand, through Third Avenue east to Fourth Street, and from Third Avenue north through Summit Street to Ninth Avenue; 8,310 feet of 8 inch main to be placed in Sixth and Eighth Streets, running from Third Avenue north To Seventh Avenue and through Ninth Avenue, running from Fourth Street west to Tenth Street; 12,470 feet of 4 inch pipe to be placed in Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, and Tenth Streets, and running from Third Avenue north to Ninth Avenue, and from Tenth Street west to Eleventh Street, thence south to Eighth Avenue, thence east to Tenth Street.

7th. That in order to give proper fire protection for the territory covered by this plant, it will require 59 fire plugs to be placed along this system, which plugs we have located as per map, which can be seen at the city office. We therefore recommend that the city take 60 hydrants, and in lieu of the additional hydrant, the city cause to be contracted a watering and drinking fountain for the use and benefit of the public, which should be open and free at all times. Said fountain to be placed on Fifth Avenue, near Summit Street.

8th. We would further recommend that the city solicit bids for the construction of such a system of works, taking the number of hydrants as a basis, and that the successful bidder be required to furnish bonds to the city in the penal sum of $20,000 for the faithful performance of the contract, and guaranteeing that the work, when completed, shall be capable of throwing water from 5 hydrants at the same time from standpipe pressure alone a distance of 65 feet high; and by direct pressure from pumps, 100 feet high.

Your committee desire to state that as the city council made no appropriation to defray expenses, they have not made any effort to visit other works, and from the most reliable information we have been able to gather, we are of the opinion that the standpipe and holly system is the only feasible system for our city to adopt, and in the system we have herein suggested both these are combined.








The chair inquired what should be done with the report. A pause ensued. The secretary moved that the report be accepted, but he found no second to his motion. To remove the chilling apathy, Mr. Lockley explained that his motion was necessary to bring the report before the meeting for discussion, but it did not involve its adoption. The disposal of the report would be effected by a subsequent motion. This brought out a weak-voiced second to the motion. On the motion being put by the chair, not a voice was raised in support or disapproval.

Judge Kreamer in reproof of this deathlike apathy said he thought the meeting should take interest enough in the proceedings to express its will on the question before it. The committee had devoted time and labor to perform the duty assigned it, and now that its report was submitted, it was the business of those present to accept or reject, not to let the matter go by default.

The motion of the secretary being again put to the meeting, it was adopted by an emphatic vote.

Mayor Schiffbauer went over the report and explained its provisions in a detailed commentary.

Jacob Hight said he would like to know something about this funeral; it was inexplicable to him because he saw no corpse. He had listened to the report of the committee with interest; they had reduced the question of a water supply for the city to tangible shape, and he for one thanked them for their intelligent labors. A good and efficient system of water works was not only of interest at the present time, but it affected the welfare and happiness of our children and our children's children. The proposition set forth in the report appeared to him reasonable and adapted to our wants, but he hoped to hear it discussed with becoming spirit. No city could prosper and present a good bill of health that was not provided with an adequate system of pure water. He was aware the city was not able to put in its own water works, and hence it must contract with other parties to supply the machinery. It was agreed by all that our want was a pressing one, and now was the time to do something definite and decisive toward the accomplishment of that end. The committee was to be commended for spending no money at the expense of the city treasury in running about the country.

A. D. Prescott was much gratified with the report; he agreed with the last speaker that it entitled the committee to the thanks of the people in whose interest they had labored. The question of expense was first to be considered, and he desired to know whether the outlay involved in the plan proposed could not be cut down. Any company that undertakes to build water works for a city, does so with a view to the profit to be made; and their charge would be based on the sum of money expended. He thought provision was made for an unnecessary length of 12-inch pipe. The size of the standpipe might also be reduced. He would like to hear some estimate of the probable cost of the system sketched in the committee's report.

J. G. Danks said the main that was proposed to be laid might be larger than the present wants of the city; but the committee thought it best to lay pipes big enough to answer future needs and save the expense of tearing them up five or ten years from now to substitute others of larger capacity. An efficient water supply in case of fire must be provided at all cost. An 8-inch main might answer all purposes for the next five or six years, but if the city attains the growth we expect, at the end of that time it will be inadequate. Iron pipe laid down here would cost from $35 to $40 a ton. The cost of the tower, the standpipe, the engine, and pumps could only be learned from the bids to be sent in. He thought the total expense of the system proposed in the committee's report would be about $50,000. Sixty hydrants were proposed, and for this reason, the rent of 40 hydrants would aggregate as much as the rent of the larger number. The first contract also sets the standard of rents; and if more hydrants should be required at any future time, the rent will be the same as of those already in use. And he believed the city could not be properly protected from fire with a smaller number.

Judge Kreamer moved as the sense of the meeting that the committee be authorized to advertise for bids, and report the result at a future meeting, which was adopted. Adjourned.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

Notice. On and after September 1st, the southern mail will only be sent as far as Pawnee Agency, Indian Territory, by stage; all below that place will be forwarded around by rail.



Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

For Rent. Rink Store. Apply to W. H. Mercer, on the premises.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

For Sale. Furniture for 25 rooms, almost new. Excellent bargains offered. Address E. B. DIXON, Winfield, Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

TEXAS HORSES. I have 150 head of unbroken Texas Horses and Mares, that I will dispose of on reasonable terms. Part of the stock has been wintered here, and are all in good condition. They are not ponies, but good sized animals, half domestic. Part of the stock can be seen at my SHEEP RANCH, on the state line, two miles east of the Ponca road, or at my CATTLE RANCH, on Otter Creek, two miles east of the Arkansas River on the state line.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 2, 1885.

KINGSBURY & BARNETT call attention to their Extensive and well Selected stock of

Books, Stationery, Toys, and Toilet Articles, -AT THE- CITY BOOK STORE.

When you get your mail just look at the handsome variety of Autograph Albums, Fancy Morocco Goods, Jewel Caskets, Pearl Card Cases, Scrap Albums, AND THEIR FULL LINE OF SUCH GOODS.

Standard authors in presentation and library binding.

Family and Teachers' Bible, in various styles.

Current Literature: Magazines and the Latest Newspapers.

Children's Toys and Games in Great Variety.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 9, 1885.

[Added to previous ones: T. H. Soward, reelection, Register of Deeds,; J. B. Nipp, reelection, County Treasurer; George H. McIntire, reelection, Sheriff; S. J. Smock, candidate for County Clerk; J. G. Shreves, candidate for County Clerk; J. S. Hunt, reelection, County Clerk.]

I desire to announce myself a candidate for reelection to the office of County Surveyor, subject to the will of the republican county convention, which meets on the 19th inst.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 9, 1885.


The cry of hard times is heard in the land, and when this condition prevails all interests more or less suffer. During a commercial pressure, when banking institutions go to the wall, and commercial houses fall into bankruptcy, the farming industry is always the surest, because enough to eat and a home to shelter in are assured the husbandman; and if he is curtailed in his expenditure, this works him but a temporary privation. Hence an agricultural state is always the least liable to revulsion, and is always the quickest to recuperate after a financial storm has ranged.

The great advantage of Arkansas City is to be found in the fact it is surrounded on all hands by a rich agricultural country, and that its farmers belong to that class which (like old Virginny) "never tires." Their ranks are recruited from the adventurous and the thrifty of all sections of the Union, and when they start in to make homes for themselves, they find nature so benignant in rich soil and favorable seasons, that they are encouraged to persevere, and success utmost invariably crowns their efforts.

Fifteen years ago all Southwestern Kansas was comprised in the Osage reservation; these red men were crowded out by the advance of the irrepressible settler, and the 7,000,000 acres the savages roamed over as a hunting ground, are now transformed into smiling farms. Cowley County was organized in 1870, and contains an area of 1,156 square miles, running 33 miles north and south, and 34 miles east and west. This gives an extent of 739,840 acres. It is divided into 23 townships, and is watered by the Arkansas and Walnut rivers, and a number of creeks, among which we may name Grouse, Silver, Rock, Timber, Dutch, Little Dutch, Muddy, Beaver, Otter, Cedar, and some others. These streams are skirted with timber, mostly of hardwood varieties, and artificial groves now abound, planted by settlers under the timber culture act, which bid fair to supply all the timber necessary for farming and domestic purposes.

Arkansas City is one of the most prosperous and delightful towns in Southwestern Kansas, being advantageously situated on a gentle swell of land between the Walnut and Arkansas rivers (near their forks). It has a class of businessmen of unusual intelligence and untiring industry, it contains many substantial and extensive brick business houses, which carry heavy stocks of goods; and the building industry this summer has been more active than ever. It is also the terminus of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad, and is the great distributing point for the supplies for the different Indian agencies and military posts throughout the Territory south of us. Another railroad, the Kansas City and Southwestern, is building westward through the county, and is expected to reach this city the coming fall. This road, when completed, will give Arkansas City a competing line to the east, from which great advantages in reduced freight charges and increased travel may be expected. The unsurpassed grazing grounds of the territory have been leased to cattle owners, many of whom make their residence in this city, and purchase the supplies for their camps of our merchants.

Cowley County last year had 377,824 acres under cultivation, of which 58,206 acres were in wheat, 112,777 in corn, 2,000 in oats, and 1,109 acres in rye. Total area devoted to grain culture, 174,092 acres. To reduce the large proportion of this wheat product to flour which seeks a market in Arkansas City, three first-class flouring mills have been erected, run by water power, and the farmers of Cowley County have organized a co-operative company with a view to erecting another mill (and elevator) to be run in their own interest.

The enterprise of Kansans is proverbial, and the farmers and businessmen of Cowley County form no exception to the rule. To carry this flour to market, and bring back a supply of lumber and coal, river navigation has been determined, and a light draft, flat-bottomed steamboat, drawing but 12 inches of water, has been built, which is now on her way to Fort Smith with a cargo of flour, which is regarded as the initial point to an extensive and prosperous river navigation.

The ancient Spartans used to say, "Not walls, but brave men are the best ramparts of a city." So we of modern times may add, "Not wealth, but untiring enterprise is the basis of growth and prosperity." The people of Arkansas City detect in the policy of the national administration an intention to open the territory to white settlement. In this they see a great future for their city. When the surplus lands of that rich country are parceled out among settlers, towns will spring up and the trade with those new communities will assume extensive proportions. One of the roads now terminating will be continued on into the territory, and as a distributing point the commerce of this city will grow indefinitely.

With the natural advantages we possess, and the possibilities of growth and expansion that lie before us, it is no wonder that the businessmen of Arkansas City are full of hope and ambition, or that they should look beyond the present lull in growth and development, to a period of prosperity that will surpass all past experience in our local annals.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 9, 1885.

Senator Dawes, in his letter to the New York Tribune, talks quite pathetically about the relapse of the Cheyennes, and attributes the recent trouble at that agency to the demoralizing influence of the cowboys. If the Massachusetts senator desired to state his case honestly, he would attribute the outbreak to the turbulence of a portion of the tribe, who refused to be enrolled on the order of Commissioner Atkins, as a basis for the issue of rations. They had been reporting to the agent all the births in the tribe, but had withheld all information about the deaths. When Agent Dwyer attempted to enumerate the Cheyennes, the more war-like became menacing, and the danger of an outbreak was so imminent that Gen. Sheridan was sent there to overawe the recalcitrant reds with his authority and illustrious name. They submitted to enrollment under such constraint, and then assigned the presence of the cattlemen and their herds as the cause of their discontent. The truth is the Cheyennes have always been troublesome, and Agent John D. Miles had frequent and serious trouble with the tribe before the leases were made. There is some personal feeling at the bottom of the senator's spleen, and his ill temper (consciously or unconsciously), betrays him into a gross misstatement of facts.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 9, 1885.

Opening the Territory.

When the Times some years ago first directed the attention of the public to the importance of opening Oklahoma and ultimately the whole Indian Territory to white settlement, the idea was sagely pronounced impracticable by the wiseacres. But public opinion has since undergone a decided change, and the position of the Times now receives the hearty endorsement of the entire west and, indeed, of nearly the whole country. The preposterousness of allowing thousands of square miles of fertile land to remain practically unoccupied has gradually forced itself into the understanding of the people, and later events, especially the expulsion of the cattlemen from the Cheyenne and Arapaho lands, have more forcibly than ever brought the question before the public.

The history of the five civilized tribes of the Indian Territory has demonstrated what the Indian can do in his own behalf. It is in his power to support himself; he has shown himself capable of grasping the problems of a useful life under the rules and laws of civilized society, and it is not probable that an enlightened public opinion will allow him to continue indefinitely to monopolize such a large and fertile portion of the country. The conviction that the hundreds of thousands of acres of unoccupied land in the territory must be thrown open to white settlement is rapidly crystallizing into a powerful public pressure which the government cannot much longer ignore. And not only must the unoccupied lands be officially declared a part of the public domain, but there is a growing feeling throughout the east as well as the west that the tribal relations of the Indians must be broken up and land allotted to them in severalty, the remainder to be made accessible to white settlers on the usual government terms. That such a policy will be finally adopted and executed by the government is not questioned. Kansas City Times.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 9, 1885.


Brother Willard, of the South Haven News, has been wrestling with malaria.

Kansas City Times: We would greatly prefer to see every 160 acres of land in the Indian Territory with a farm-house on it, but we would rather see the grass now growing on this vast domain turned into beef for the people than to see it rotting or being fired by wild Indians simply for the sake of shooting the scared rabbits and antelopes.

Cheyenne Transporter: The agent, Capt. Lee, has issued a supplementary proclamation rescinding all passes heretofore in force, and announces that today (Friday) is the last day of grace for unauthorized persons to remain upon this reservation. Action will commence tomorrow (Saturday) to expel all persons not complying with the proclamation. Capt. Lee is very firm and will enforce the order to the letter.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Johnny Gooch, the rustling Otoe trader, paid a flying visit to town last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Joseph Smith, salesman for Kroenert & Austin, is down with a severe attack of malarial fever.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Thompson & Woodin advertise their mail route from Geuda Springs to Wellington for sale.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

The Border Band will discourse some of its excellent music at the opening of the skating rink Friday night.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Walter McCague, of Hale & McCague, the rustling Osage traders, spent several days in town last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

We understand that Samuel Wilcox, the mail route agent, has gone quite extensively into the cattle business.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

We are indebted to Judge Christian for a copy of the last annual report of the Kansas State Agricultural Society.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

The popular salesman, William A. Daniels, is now with Youngheim & Co., having changed has base from Stacy Matlack's.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

E. B. Townsend, of the extensive firm of Townsend & Pickett, cattle owners on the Sac & Fox Reservation, is spending a few days in the city.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Mitts & Jones, contractors and builders, place their card in our columns. They are thorough workmen, and their skill and taste are evidenced in a number of our city buildings.



Plans and Specifications Furnished.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.


INSURANCE AGENT: Risks taken in the most secure companies.

Office in Grimes & Son's drug store, corner of Summit St. and Central Avenue.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.


Shop on East Central Avenue.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.


Plans and Specifications given on application.

Address, at P. O. Box 385, Arkansas City, Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

MONEY! MONEY!! MONEY!! I have perfected arrangements by which I can loan money at as low rates as can be obtained in the state, cities, upon farm or city security, or upon chattels. I have bargains in both farm and city property.


Office over post office, Arkansas City, Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

EMPIRE LAUNDRY, One Door North of Avenue Hotel, Arkansas City, Kansas. Work done in first-class style and on short notice. Repairs done when ordered. W. M. SAWYER.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Union services were held in the Methodist Church on Sunday evening in the interest of the prohibition law. The hall was crowded, and Rev. J. O. Campbell delivered an interesting address.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Dr. C. R. Fowler's card is published in another column. The doctor is working into a nice practice, and the success he meets with in the treatment of disease explains his growing popularity.


Office on Summit Street (first floor) one door North of Fourth Avenue.

Residence on Fourth Street, two doors south of Third Avenue.

Night and day calls will receive prompt attention.

Orders may be left at the office or at Balyeat's drug store, next door.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.


Open all the year for both sexes. Write for circulars and specimens of penmanship.


This institution is well established, furnished with all modern appliances, and offers superior advantages to those desiring to obtain a thorough and practical business education.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.


Special attention given to collecting. Office over Cowley County Bank, ARKANSAS CITY, KANSAS.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Mrs. Hill, wife of the popular clerk of the Leland Hotel, has been seriously ill, but is now convalescing. Mrs. Geo. A. Druitt has also been suffering from an attack of fever, but is now about again.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Forty-five Indian scholars joined the Chilocco school on Friday, raising the number of inmates to 117. The superintendent will have to rustle for sixty more to bring the complement up to the necessary number.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Geo. O. Griffins, chief clerk at the Osage Agency; E. M. Ganse, from the Sac & Fox Agency; R. K. Puckett, superintendent at the Kaw Agency; and W. J. Hodges, Ponca trader, registered at the Leland last Friday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

At the opening tournament in the rink on Friday evening, a solid gold ring with amethyst setting will be awarded the best lady skater, and a handsome plain gold filled ring will be the prize of the best gentleman skater.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Capt. Frederic Hoover, the newly appointed Osage Agent, was in town a few days ago, and favorably impressed all who met him with his businesslike address and broad gauge heartiness. Agent L. J. Miles accompanied him.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Workmen began excavating S. B. Pickle's lot yesterday, and we understand most of the other lot owners are ready to follow suit. A block of buildings, uniform in size and design, erected on those six eligible lots, would be an immense improvement in the city.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

We regret to part with Dr. Wright, who left this city on Saturday, traveling overland with his family in the direction of the setting sun. We have before mentioned that the doctor had sold his residence to Dr. Jamieson Vawter, and he has now cut loose to push his fortunes in the far west.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

E. C. Osborn, the lately appointed agent of the Poncas and Otoes, was in town last week. He proceeded on to Wichita to meet his wife and sister, and on Saturday returned with the ladies to his new abode. Mr. Osborn is a stirring young man, with southern vivacity, and we predict success for his administration.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

J. S. Alter announces his syrup factory near Geuda Springs, and we are pleased to learn that he is making a success of his enterprise. Mr. Alter has had extensive experience on the sugar plantations of Louisiana, and his saccharine extract is celebrated for its clearness and pleasant flavor.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

The preliminary examination of Henry Mowry, charged with the killing of J. P. Smith, was held in Winfield last Wednesday, before Judge Snow. The testimony sustained the fact of the homicide as brought out in the coroner's inquest, and upon this the prisoner was committed to the county jail, to await his trial at the next term of the district court.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

A. G. Lowe started on Monday for Illinois, to attend the bedside of his dying mother.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

The last touches are being laid on Dr. Chapel's new store. It presents a handsome appearance.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Geo. E. Hasie started for Gainesville, Texas, on Friday, summoned thither by the serious illness of his mother.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

The severe windstorm on Monday night blew over a number of small buildings, and gave a lively shaking up to some of the more substantial dwellings.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

A. F. Huse, yesterday, began preparations for his new coal and feed yard next to Braden's stable. He will remove the ell from that frame dwelling, and thus have a roadway to the space in the rear.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

The amount of city bills presented in the council at its last meeting, aggregated upwards of $400, must have infused a spirit of economy into the minds of the members; otherwise the very reasonable demand of F. B. Scott, the water works superintendent, for an extra allowance for the water rents he has collected, would not have been refused. Mr. Scott has rendered faithful service to the city, and the extra time he has put in should have been paid for.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Mayor Schiffbauer and W. M. Sawyer went to Winfield yesterday to be present at the habeas corpus proceeding. Judge Dalton heard the case, and after a recess of two hours at noon, refused to grant the habeas corpus asked for, and committed the petitioner to the county jail until his fines are paid. The city ordinance under which the proceedings against Sawyer have been taken, his honor pronounced impregnable and iron clad.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

A dispatch to John Kroenert on Monday, from Anthony, informed him of a fire which occurred in that city the night previous, wherein the grocery house of Kroenert Bros., was among the victims. The fire is said to have started in a bakery, and the buildings on six adjoining lots were destroyed by fire before the flames were subdued. John Bayne, formerly of this city, is reported among the sufferers. At this writing the amount of damage is not known. The insurance on Kroenert Bros., is given at $750.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

D. L. Kretsinger, secretary to the Cowley County Fair Association, was in town yesterday, and appointed N. T. Snyder his assistant. Persons wishing to make entries can call on Mr. Snyder, who will attend to their business, and save the delay of correspondence on a visit to Winfield. The fair opens on Monday, the 21st inst., and closes the following Friday. Fare there and return will be 1-1/3 rates. Liberal premiums will be paid, and an unusually fine display is promised.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.


The Republicans of East and West Bolton Townships will please meet at the Bland schoolhouse on Wednesday, September 16th, 1885, at 2:30 p.m., to elect seven delegates to the county convention, to be held at Winfield, on Saturday, Sept. 19th, 1885. Apportionment: East Bolton, 3 delegates and 3 alternates; West Bolton, 4 delegates and 4 alternates.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Whiskey Outrage.

A late dispatch to the Globe-Democrat from Brainerd, Minnesota, tells of a terrible beating administered to Chief Hole-in-the-Day, near Crow Wind station, the preceding night. It seems that Hole-in-the-Day and another Indian were dragged from the Northern Pacific train by unknown parties and taken to the woods, where the Chief was so badly beaten up that he is not expected to recover. His companion brought the news here. The Chief had made himself obnoxious by informing upon persons who sell whiskey to Indians, and his assailants are supposed to be parties who felt themselves aggrieved on this account. He was on his way to St. Paul to appear against some of the whiskey sellers. There is much excitement among the Indians in the vicinity in consequence.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Dr. Chapel's Car Coupler.

The world has been flooded of recent years with patent car couplers, but Cowley County now steps to the front with one that outranks all others and will make its inventor a fortune, if he gets it introduced. It was invented by Dr. A. J. Chapel, of Arkansas City. It is an automatic drawbar, made of steel. It entirely does away with danger, and is very durable. It fastens clear across the end of the freight car with automatic lever. Step up to either the side of the car or on top, lift the lever, and the cars are uncoupled. They couple themselves by slide bars. Three links and solid iron bumpers form the coupling, all link-pins rising at once at the pull of the lever. A stock company of Winfield and Arkansas City men will likely take hold of this patent with the doctor, and put it in the front. Winfield Courier.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

The County Surveyorship.

We add the name of Capt. Haight to the list of candidates ambitious for nomination by the republican county convention which meets next week. His usefulness and efficiency as county surveyor have long been recognized, and if claims are considered valid by such a body, the captain may regard himself as counted in. In prosecuting government surveys, he has had rough border experience, being chased by redskins, and footing it twice from Kansas to Arizona. At the age of fourteen he entered the army, and has scratched for himself since he was a lad of nine years. Capt. Haight is a characteristic western man, whole souled and hearty, and popular with all classes. He will get there, beyond a doubt; indeed, we have not heard of a rival candidate making a reach after the office. It cannot be better filled.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

To Roller Skaters.

The undersigned have secured the rink in this city, and it shall be our earnest endeavor to make this healthful amusement agreeable to our patrons. We shall have no rowdyism or ungentlemanly or unlady like conduct in this institution. We solicit your patronage and will do all that is possible to render it a place of refinement as well as amusement. Will have our opening next Friday night, September 11th. Solicitously Yours, BRIGGS & LUEY.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Attention Republicans.

The Republican voters of Arkansas City will hold their primaries at the following places, on Saturday, September 12, at 7:30 p.m., sharp, for the election of delegates to the Republican county convention held at Winfield, Saturday, September 19, 1885. 1st ward4 delegates, office of B. B. Shaw & Co. 2nd ward4 delegates, office of Star Livery Stable. 3rd ward3 delegates, rear of First National Bank. 4th ward4 delegates, store of Blakeney & Upp.

The Republican voters of Creswell Township will hold their primary at the old stone house north of city on the Winfield road, Saturday, September 12, at 7:30 p.m. sharp, to elect six (6) delegates (one at large) to the Republican county convention.

L. E. WOODIN, Committeeman.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

"Pardoned. Tom Armstrong, who figured as principal in the shooting scrape whereby James Riely met his death in this city four years ago, and who was sentenced to fifteen years in the state penitentiary for the offense, has secured a pardon for good behavior and now appears on our streets again. His conduct in prison is said to have been exemplary, and he so won the confidence of the warden that that officer would entrust his prisoner with the execution of outside business and allow him to visit Leavenworth in citizen's attire. This good behavior was ascribed to his credit, and a numerously signed petition to the board asking his release, was favorably considered, and Tom Armstrong is a free man again. It is to be hoped that this painful experience will keep him from evil companions and bad habits the remainder of his life."

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.


Specifications Adopted to be Submitted to Bidders.

The water works committee met in the mayor's office on Saturday evening, all the members present. The business of the meeting was to determine the best way to advertise for proposals, and after an informal debate it was decided that an advertisement inserted in some of the leading scientific and mechanical papers, would be most apt to engage the attention of those parties the committee desired to reach. Mayor Schiffbauer read the following as the form of advertisement to be inserted.


Sealed proposals, endorsed "Proposals for water works," will be received until 12 o'clock noon on Monday, the 12th day of October, 1885, by the undersigned city clerk of the city of Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas. Specifications of the works will be forwarded on application to the city clerk. The city reserves the right to reject any and all bids.


Mr. J. G. Danks suggested that the above notice be inserted in the following papers: Scientific American, American Machinist, Age of Steel, Mechanical News, which was approved by the committee. It was estimated that two insertions would cost about $25.

The specifications had also been prepared by the mayor, and were read to the committee as follows.


The city of Arkansas City, in Cowley County, Kansas, desiring to have constructed a system of water works, and having advertised for bids for the construction of the same, and knowing the necessity of bidders being informed as nearly as possible as to the wishes of the citizens in regard to their wants, the following has been prepared by the committee as a guide to contractors in which they have aimed to cover all points. If it shall be found that any points have been omitted that may be found necessary to be understood before bidding, the same can be ascertained by addressing the mayor or the city clerk, stating the information wanted, and any such correspondence will be promptly answered.

The following requirements should be strictly observed by bidders.


Two Compound Duplex Pumps will be required, each capable of pumping one million gallons of water every twenty-four hours; to be arranged so as to run either separately or together.


There will also be required two boilers, each capable of running the pumps at full capacity with easy firing, and so arranged as to be run either separately or together.


The tank to be of iron and of the dimensions of twenty-five feet diameter and sixty feet high, and to be placed on a tower fifty feet high, substantially built of stone and in cement.


There will be required five thousand six hundred and thirty feet of twelve inch main, eight thousand three hundred and ten feet of eight inch main, and twelve thousand four hundred and seventy feet of four inch main. All mains to be standard cast iron. The above mains have all been located by the committee and sketched on a map, which can be examined at any time at the mayor's office.


The standpipe shall be so arranged that it may be shut off from the main and give direct pressure from the pumps into the main.


The water works when completed shall be subject to a test which shall consist of the pumping capacity of the pumps, the throwing of five fire streams through fifty feet of two and one-half inch rubber hose, and one-inch ring nozzle, from any five hydrants the city council may select, at the same time, a distance of sixty-five feet high from the standpipe pressure alone, and one hundred feet high from direct pressure. The city shall not be required to pay hydrant rent until after the successful operation of the test.


This is to be determined by the parties drawing he franchise. It is the opinion that an abundant supply of good, pure water can be obtained at the springs on the townsite, and if it is found that the supply should be found inadequate at this point, or that the water should prove unwholesome, then and in that case, the supply must be obtained from a filter basin near the Arkansas River, in which case there would be required one mile additional supply pipe.


The company securing the franchise will be required to execute a good and sufficient bond to the city, secured by unencumbered real estate in the penal sum of twenty thousand dollars, conditioned for the faithful performance of the contract and the successful performance of the required test.

The city reserves the right to reject any or all bids.

Fifty copies of the above were ordered neatly printed in circular form. The committee then adjourned.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.


The Democrat Makes a Blundering Attempt to Impeach this Journal.

The Democrat gives up considerable space to an abusive article written with the editorial "we," but which appears over the signature of "Justice." This nom de plume is selected, most probably, because of the gross injustice of the writer. The TRAVELER has given offense to him, it seems, because of the commendation it has bestowed on Dr. Minthorn, the late superintendent of the Chilocco school, and its strictures on the administration for removing a man who was so successfully carrying out an important and really hazardous experiment. The special fitness of Dr. Minthorn for the management of the school was recognized by a number of persons prominently identified with the management of the red race. Gen. Whittlesey, an active member of the board of Indian commissioners, had recommended to Commissioner Atkins that, for the benefit of the service, no changes be made in the management of the Chilocco school. Mrs. Quinten, president of some philanthropic society, also impressed with the expediency of retaining Dr. Minthorn in his position, wrote to similar purpose to the Indian Commissioner. Scores of our citizens who have watched the progress of this Indian training school under the feeble management of its first superintendent, Mr. Hadley, and in the more competent hands of Dr. Minthorn, all concur in the suicidal policy of the present change, which may be described in Lincoln's graphic phrase, of swapping horses while crossing a stream. Mr. Atkins was impressed with the force of these representations; his official intercourse with his subordinate was of the most friendly and cordial nature, and (being honestly devoted to the welfare of the Indian service), he strongly favored the doctor's retention.

But Secretary Lamar is actuated by different feelings. He has friends to reward and enemies to punish. His allegiance is to the south, and friends from that section must be rewarded with office, no matter what their fitness or at what expense to the public service. The gentleman who was appointed to succeed Dr. Minthorn is a Georgian, a personal friend of the secretary, and hence entitled to a share of the spoils. The Democrat correspondent charges this journal with an "attempt to prejudice the public against the new superintendent." If stating stubborn facts creates prejudice, we plead guilty to the charge. Mr. Branham we find a pleasant gentleman, and we readily accord him the credit of an honest intention to do his best. But his training and experience as a Methodist preacher are no equipment for the difficult task he has undertaken, and when we mention a few points wherein he fails to come up to the requirements of his duties, there is no "attempt to prejudice" or disparage, but a deserved casting of the responsibility upon the shoulders that should bear the blame.

It is obvious to common sense that a man without business experience and who has no special force of character, when placed in charge of a school with nearly 200 pupils, who has a farm and pasture land 8,000 acres in extent with a herd of cattle to care for, is simply thrust into a false position, and his escape from failure would be nothing short of a miracle. It would perhaps be discouraging to Mr. Branham to inform him that it is commonly predicted on our streets that he will run aground in less than six months, but sich is the talk notwithstanding.

The Democrat writer, assuming to correct some alleged misrepresentations of this journal, declares that not an acre of prairie was broken by the school force, but the plowing was all done "by outside parties at a stipulated price per acre." We can refute this by naming persons in this city who last spring witnessed three breaking plows belonging to the school, propelled by department teams and held by the Indian scholars, running side by side with plows worked by hired laborers; and they say the school boys turned the straighter furrow. No contract was let for the breaking, but Supt. Minthorn engaged two or three white laborers to help the Indian boys in the work.

The same looseness of statement characterizes the next assertion. "Everybody here knows," says the writer, "that the Chilocco school was not opened until near the spring of 1884." When the truth is the school building was finished in August, 1883, and a winter's term of school was taught under Supt. Hadley the ensuing season. This gentleman turned over to his successor, Dr. Minthorn, last February, and when the reckless and irresponsible scribe in the Democrat declares that department cattle passed their first winter on the Chilocco reservation when Dr. Minthorn was in charge, he betrays such ignorance of his subject, or such gross disregard of truth, that his averments are not worthy of attention.

We commended in proper spirit at the time upon School Supt. Oberly's suggestions that the pupils of the Chilocco school be taught baseball on scientific principles, and that the officers of that institution spend their evenings in teaching them chess. This is purely asinine; but when we have Mr. Oberly's free admission that he did not know that there was such an office as he then held until informed of his appointment to the same; that he had never seen an Indian (except as a tobacconist's sign) until he came to this state; and that he merely held the position until he could get appointed to something better, we need not wonder at his display of ignorance. The Democrat writer says "we have no doubt that under Supt. Branham's management, we shall soon see the Indian playing baseball and other games common among white children." If Mr. Branham and the officers and employees of the school will take a hand in teaching the young redskins to play our national game on scientific principles, the instructions of School Inspector Oberly will be happily carried out, and the success of the school will be assured.

The assault upon the character and usefulness of Dr. Minthorn, now he is not present to defend himself, is unjust and ungenerous. We have no word to say in his vindication because his work speaks for itself. The citizens of Arkansas City recognized in him a man specially fitted for the important office, and in the exercise of common sense, they see the folly of removing him to make way for a successor who has had no experience in such work, and who is already overwhelmed with the difficulties of the task thrust upon him. Supt. Branham is mistaken if he supposes the TRAVELER owes him any ill-will; we hope to see him succeed, but are not willing that he shall be magnified at the cost of his efficient predecessor.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.


Our City Fathers Have a Rocking Time Together.

The meeting of the city council, on Monday evening, was a lively one, and the session lasted four hours. The mayor re-appointed the committees in order to assign Mr. A. D. Prescott, the new third ward member.

The following bills were acted on.

Bill of S. P. Gould, $3.70; allowed.

Conn & McKee, 80 cents; referred.

F. Lockley, $29.55; referred.

C. M. Parsons, $21.88; referred.

W. Speers, $11.25; allowed.

F. B. Scott, $3.75; allowed.

Hackney & Asp, $25; rejected.

F. L. Thips [?], $4; one-half the amount allowed.

J. W. Beck, $2; allowed.

J. Holloway, $2.50; allowed.

A. E. Kirkpatrick $15.50; referred.

Murdock, $9.50; referred.

Arkansas City Coal Co., $27.75; allowed.

James Moore, $23.70; referred.

G. B. Shaw & Co., $101.83; allowed.

J. E. Beck, $5; allowed.

D. L. Means, $5.85; allowed.

Referred bill of G. W. Cunningham, $93.24; laid over.

Referred bill of Danks Bros., $54.32; allowed.

Kingsbury & Barnett, $5.30; allowed.

County bill of Ware, Pickering & Co., $17.85; approved.

County bill of William Cos, $44.25; referred.

County bill of Peter Pearson, $36; approved.

Rev. Mr. Buckner applied in behalf of his brother-in-law, Mr. Huse, for leave to put in scales, and build coal shed and feed bins between the skating rink and Braden's Stable. Leave granted.

Similar privilege granted to George C. Maloney, to put in scales at W. L. Aldridge & Co.'s lumber yard.

A committee consisting of ex-Police Judge Kreamer, Amos Walton, N. T. Snyder, and Meigs, applied for assistance in the work of laying an oak flooring on the west bridge. Its present insecurity kept trade away from the city, and a pine floor was continually wearing into holes. At a meeting of citizens held in Meigs & Nelson's office on Saturday evening, it was computed that an oak floor would cost $700, and the above named committee was appointed to collect the amount by enlisting subscriptions from our businessmen. About $300 had been subscribed; but all referred the committee to the city council for aid.

Mr. Dunn thought the expenditure of such a sum on a bridge that was likely to be carried away next winter, injudicious. The piling was loose and the whole structure in an insecure condition. He would rather see money spent in permanent improvement.

The mayor said the council had no shadow of authority to devote the public money to any such purpose. If the gentlemen chose to assume the responsibility, well enough. The council had voted $65 to the repair of the bridge on a similar occasion, and it could exercise a similar discretion again. He was satisfied that taxpayers would raise an objection.

Mr. Dean said the repair of the west bridge was more essential to our businessmen than mending the city streets. A large amount of trade was lost to our city because of its dangerous condition, and money voted by the council to put it in fit condition for travel would certainly be approved.

Mayor Schiffbauer remarked that the people of Arkansas City would soon find themselves without bridges, and they wanted stirring up to a knowledge of this fact. There is no law in the state to define the duty of county or township in the matter. Last year Senator Jennings introduced a bill in the legislature, requiring county commissioners to appropriate money towards building necessary bridges, and if the cost was over a certain amount to bill them entire. But the measure did not pass. Now that our city is set apart from the township, the council is without authority to devote money to such a purpose, the township won't do it, and the county cannot. There is thus no way on God's earth to build necessary bridges, or keep old ones in repair.


W. M. Sawyer presented himself to ask lenity of the council. He had been harassed and persecuted till life was a burden. The next day he had to go to Winfield again on a habeas corpus proceeding, with the prospect of going to jail, if his application was denied. These proceedings were costly, they took him away from his business, and drove him almost crazy with anxiety. He was there to ask the council to remit the fines that had been imposed, and give him leave to live in his house undisturbed. He had been committed to the county jail for non-payment of fines, being unable to pay them. He did not believe any gentleman present wished to send him to jail.

The mayor said after the council had instructed him to enforce ordinance No. 12, he had cautioned Mr. Sawyer to do no more work on his building. In a day or two the city marshal notified him that work was being done, and he served a notice on Mr. Sawyer restraining him from proceeding with his building. He was again informed by the same officer that workmen were engaged, and seeing that good faith could not be kept with him, he (the mayor) ordered Mr. Sawyer's arrest, and the police magistrate committed him. His honor described the subsequent proceedings in Winfield, which facts are known to most of our readers.

The debate on this matter lasted over an hour. All the members expressed sympathy for the applicant, at the bad position he had placed himself in, but they saw no way to help him. He had persisted in his violation of the city ordinance, making it his boast that he could defeat the council, and the people were watching the issue with considerable interest. If an exception was made in his case, others would insist on the same indulgence, and the city laws would be brought into contempt.

Mr. Dean said the applicant was a crippled soldier, advanced in years, and entitled to their leniency. He desired that his fines be remitted, and no further proceedings taken against him. Let the people know this was an exceptional case, that a like dispensation would be granted no other offender, and no reproach should be brought on the council, and no citizen would ask that Mr. Sawyer be further interfered with.

Judge Kreamer obtained leave to speak. He said the council could not undertake the enforcement of its laws. When passed by that body, they are in the hands of the city officers to execute. He stood ready to complain against Mr. Sawyer and the police judge was bound to issue a warrant for his arrest. There was no other way to relieve Mr. Sawyer than to revoke the ordinance defining the fire limits.

It was agreed that property holders would protest against that proceeding.

Mr. Dean moved that all the fines entered up against Mr. Sawyer be remitted and further proceeding dismissed.

The mayor said the council had the authority to remit fines, but so long as the ordinance stood unrevoked, he should enforce it. The house must be removed out of the fire limits or he should order its demolition.

Mr. Davis said two men stood ready to build within the fire limits if they found that Sawyer came out ahead.

Moving the offending house being the only feasible way of getting out of the trouble, the mayor said he would contribute $10 toward the expense.

Mr. Dunn moved that the fire limits be reduced to the alleys east and west of Summit Street. No second was offered to Dunn's, or Dean's motion.

Mr. Davis moved that the fire limits be changed on Sawyer's block. He could side up, plaster his rooms, and then the former boundary could be restored.

This was scoffed at as whipping the devil around the stump. The matter dropped here.


The gutter and curbing resolution was taken up. Mr. Dunn moved that stone crossings on Summit street at its intersection with Fifth and Central avenues be included in the work, which was adopted. The mayor was instructed to advertise for bids, the bids to be for all or a part of the work.

A building permit was granted T. B. Pickle to occupy one-third of the road while erecting a building on his lot in the burnt district.

F. B. Scott reported $438.30 water rent collected. He asked if extra pay could be allowed him for the work of collecting, but the council refused to allow it.

John Stafford asked that his pay as night watchman be increased from $25 to $50 a month. Refused.

The council adjourned at 11:30 o'clock.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

For Sale. The mail, passenger, and express route, between Geuda Springs and Wellington, well equipped and doing a good business. Apply at Thompson & Woodin, Star Livery Stable.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

Letter List.

The following is a list of letters uncalled for in the post office September 5, 1885.

Mrs. M. Armstrong, Wm. H. Arnold, Wm. Agee, Charles Baldwin, John Barnes, Ben Becker, E. K. Bennet, Alvin M. Brooks, Frank Brotts, J. N. Brown, M. J. Blanot, C. Butler, Moses Curk, Mollie Duval, Morey Dregg, A. Edwards, A. E. Frye, Sam Fisher, G. H. Ginder, L. C. Goff, John P. Hefner, John W. Howard, Fred Huffman, J. Holly, John Jones, J. H. Johnson, M. E. Johnson, A. L. Jones, W. H. Johnson, L. H. Johnson, E. N. Leland, C. F. Leech, Benton Levering, Howard Loomis, John Mayhill, Wm. Maggannest, Helen Marley, W. D. McCurdy, Floris Milligan, C. S. Morrris, Wm. P. Nolan, Wm. O'Shea, Loy Oyster, L. S. Patterson, H. E. Parman, Geo. Myer, Joe Pierce, E. N. Royl, M. N. Sincox, S. C. Smith, C. R. Smith, H. B. Shaw, H. T. Smizer, Wm. Spencer.

Persons calling for any of the above letters will please say "advertised."



Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.


-AT- BRUNSWICK'S ARCADE, Clothing and Gents' Furnishing House.


Do You Want an Overcoat? Buy Now and Save 50 per cent.

Men's Suits, Boys' Suits, CHILDREN'S SUITS, and whatever we have left in stock must be sold or shipped at the expiration of two weeks.

All parties indebted to the undersigned will please call and settle their accounts at once and save expense of collecting. Respectfully, D. BRUNSWICK.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 9, 1885.

A Card. We have moved into our new store room, one door north of our old stand, where we cordially invite our many friends and the public generally to come and see us in our new and commodious quarters. We wish to show you what our perseverance and your liberal patronage in the past struggling years have done. G. W. MILLER & CO.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 16, 1885.

Cowley County Fair.

The annual fair of this association will be held September 21st to 25th and promises to be a meeting of unusual interest and importance. The central exposition building, two stories high, has been erected and is now receiving the finishing touches of the painter. The two wings of the exposition building have also been floored and the interior re-arranged for the fruit, and other departments. The completion of this building gives 7,500 feet of floor space and altogether it is not only ornamental, but will give ample space with every pleasant facility to exhibit all entries to the best advantage. The second floor will be devoted to the ladies' departments and textile fabrics. Fifty stables and stalls have also been added to the stock department, which insures ample room for all exhibitors in this department. The amphitheater is being enlarged and other improvements are in progression. Nothing in the power of the Board will be neglected that will add interest to the occasion. Many of the premiums, especially in the stock departments, have been greatly increased. Relying on the patronage of an appreciative public, the Board has assumed the liability of paying these enlarged premiums, and there is the most flattering prospect that its desires will be fully realized in thus attracting the largest display of the best stock ever shown in this part of the state. Bear in mind that the Board has adopted a rule that when an entry is made for a premium on horses, mules, cattle, sheep, and hogs and there is no competition (there being but one entry), if, in the judgment of the awarding committee, the animal is worthy, the blue ribbon will be attached and second cash premium paid. This will obviate one of the complaints heretofore justly made.

All entries for butter, bread, cake, and pie should be made on the first day of the Fair, but none of the articles should be brought for exhibition and examination by the committee until Wednesday morning, not later than 10 o'clock. By giving this attention all these exhibits will be brought alike, fresh, and at the same time. A glass case will be provided for the above exhibits, which will exclude the dust as well as curious hands.

Special attention is called to the liberal special premium of Mr. P. H. Albright, being $30 for the largest and best corn. Also attention is called to the regular premium of $55 for the largest and best display of products grown this year on a single farm. The Board, in the spirit of public enterprise, has provided liberal things and all things are now ready, so come and aid and encourage in this good work.

The Cowley County Fair, under the judicious management of the Board, has become of great importance to the general interest, not only of Cowley County, but of Southwestern Kansas, and is such an enterprise that every citizen may feel justly proud. Let the people of Cowley County, especially the agricultural class, arrange, if possible, to make Fair week a week of holidays. The relaxation from care and labor to the husband, wife, and children will be beneficial. If possible, take something for competition; and if successful, it will aid in paying your expenses. In any event it will pay to spend the time in examining the best products and animals, learning the best methods, comparing notes, meeting friends, and making new acquaintances. In many ways you will become better yourselves and help others to become better.

For premium lists address D. L. Kretsinger, Secretary, or J. F. MARTIN, President.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 16, 1885.


The Redmen Declare Their Approval of the Cattle Leases.

AUGUST 24, 1885.

To all whom this note comes before:

We, the members of the Osage Indians, do not use any intention to go against the rules and ways and customs of the white people. We have our wishes in leasing out our surplus lands to good honorable stock men, and we have a livestock association in our own country, and we have members of both half-breed and full-blooded Indian members of the Association, and we all learn and appreciate the good of it, and we, the Indian people, would like to carry the custom to good extent. We, the Indian people, thinking it to our benefit, willingly leased our surplus lands, and we have promptly paid our tax, which amounts to about twenty thousand dollars a year.

We are a nation of people who have paid down the cash for every foot of land we possess, and we claim the same as a warranty deed as any citizen of any state claims the land he has paid for, and we still wish to rent out our farms and unoccupied lands to good farmers, who can teach our people, in time to come, how to farm and raise stock of all kinds. And to accomplish this great effort with an uneducated people like the Indian, we must allow white people to live with us and farm our lands and our children go to school and associate with them and learn the habits of the white people by experience. The Indian is a human being and do not wish to be driven to civilization, but they have that to learn by moderate treatment and good experience; the bayonet is a poor school. The Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, and Chickasaws have white people among them for years, and they are a people governing themselves. But it appears that we, the Osage people, are about the wealthiest nation of Indians on this continent. But it appears we have more trouble with a few government officials and speculators than any tribe going. It appears a few Indian traders rule the day, by monopolizing our country and by their unreasonable prices, and if our people should get cheap goods in the states these merchants and officials won't allow them to collect their honest debts, as the traders first gobble all the cash and allow the others the dreadfulness of their merciless hands. We have long looked for a change and hope to get our wishes. We are happy today to think and believe the government will not go back on us, and we still look for the great protection promised us by treaty stipulation.

W. B. MATHIS, Attorney, Osage Indians.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 16, 1885.


The declaration of the Osage Indians in regard to the cattle leases (given on our first page), will be interesting to many inquiring statesmen, who have been anxious to learn from first sources how the tribes are affected by those contracts. It has been represented by some writers that the unsophisticated red men are sorely oppressed by their pale face tenants, that the price paid for the use of their land is grossly inadequate, and that the example and influence of the cowboys are debasing to the untutored mind. Senator Dawes, in his recent letter to the New York Tribune, goes yet further in his arraignment of these contracts, declaring that the money paid by the cattlemen for their leases is worse than thrown away, because it is expended by the recipients in the purchase of arms, and renders the tribes more dangerous and lawless than ever.

The Osages unwittingly meet most of these allegations in their curiously worded manifesto. They first assert their right to lease their surplus lands because they are owners of the soil, having purchased the reservation they live on with their own money. They express a desire to rent their land to good farmers, "who can teach our people in time to come, how to farm and raise stock of all kinds."

Experience has shown from the age of the Patriarch Abraham downward, that the pastoral age precedes farming industry, and as the Osages have not yet emerged from the blanket stage, the stock raising pursuit is clearly best adapted to their present tastes. They offer a useful practical suggestion as to the plan to be pursued in advancing the red race. "The Indian is a human being," they say, "and do not wish to be driven to civilization." The schoolmaster and the missionary they are not so ready to receive as "white people who live with us and farm our lands."

Those who have labored among the blanket Indians have been most perplexed to devise some method to draw them out of their stolid apathy, to infuse some interest into their minds in the affairs of life, and present to them an object to live for. Evangelization has been tried, and the arts of the schoolmaster, but the labors of neither class of teachers have met with reasonable success. Their domestic and social habits must be changed first; they require to be taught that the bread they eat must first be earned, and that labor is not a hardship but a positive enjoyment. This must be imparted to them in easy lessons, and, as the Osages admit, they must be taught by object lessons. The example of cattle owners and their employees devoting intelligent care to the raising of stock, building necessary houses for the shelter of men and animals, putting up hay and grain for the winter, and spending their time in a rude industry which is not beyond the attainment of the progressive savage, would do more to arouse him out of his lethargy and impress him with the belief that he has power to be useful, than all the moral precepts that have been formulated since the days of Confucius. This is the missionary work unconsciously performed by the rude cowboy, and we have no doubt that Secretary Teller foresaw some such result when he gave his tacit consent to the cattle leases.

The violent reclamation against the exactions of the traders who are licensed to deal with the Osages is simply amusing to those who know the facts. There are seven trading houses doing business with that tribe, and the competition between these rival tradesmen is said to be keen and unremitting. Not infrequently a run will be made on a staple article, and it will be dealt out to the dusky consumers at a lower price than it can be laid down at the trader's store. Then the Osages make good use of their opportunity of running in debt, first getting all the credit they can at one store, and then opening an account with another trader who is always on the lookout for business. When the semi-annual pay day comes around, the debts of some of these shrewd red men amount to double and treble what is due to them, and the trader finds sums of money on his books which are likely to be counted among his permanent assets. But this is the same story everywhere. In one of Coleman's inimitable farces, we have a fashionable spendthrift declaring that he never paid his tradesmen because it only encouraged them; and these lofty Osages lift their voices against the burden of having white men in their midst who dispense supplies to all who ask for them, and who at a future time have the greed and rapacity to ask payment for the same.

We commend this Osage manifesto to the reader as a document worthy of his attention.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 16, 1885.


The truth should always be borne in mind that there are two sides to a case. Hitherto in the war of the administration upon the cattlemen who held leases on the Cheyenne and Arapaho lands, we have been told of the demoralization caused by the presence of the cowboy and his herds, and how that violence and bloodshed could only be averted by driving the intruders out on the shortest notice. The fact was known that the majority of the Cheyennes were desirous to have the cattlemen remain, and the further fact also, that the ire of the more turbulent Indians was aroused against the order of enrollment. This humiliation was forced upon both tribes by the pressure of so great a war chief as Gen. Sheridan with a big force of troops; then the worst dissatisfied took their revenge by declaring that their cattle owning leases were the cause of their restlessness. This complaint fell in quite readily with Gen. Sheridan's humor, because he still had fresh in his mind the expulsion of his brother, Mike, from these same pasture grounds, and it is only human nature that he should seek to get even.

But now we have the other side of the story as told by Mr. Nimmo, late chief of the bureau of statistics of the treasury department, who has been over the ground inquiring out the facts for himself. On another page the reader will see a report of his conversation as given by the Chicago Mail. He shows that this raid upon cattle owners grew out of the spite of army officers who were herding droves of cattle on the Cheyenne reservation and paying nothing for the privilege. The system of leasing and fencing, which has since grown up, spoil that little game, and now they think the whirligig of time has brought about its own revenges.

This would all be very well if it were a mere game of ins and outs between the civil and military stock raisers. If furnishing a supply of beef to feed the hunger of 60,000,000 people were a contraband industry, like the business of the moonshiner in the Tennessee mountains, then this war on the bovine race would be a matter of indifference to all except those who are beneficially concerned. But every working man and poor widow in the eastern cities, who purchases a soup bone when they have the money to indulge such a luxury, will suffer from this senseless crusade, in the increased price they must pay for their morsel. Political dudes, like Senator Dawes, of Massachusetts, have had much to say about the wrongs inflicted on poor Lo, and "the demoralized and deplorable condition of affairs on the leased Indian reservations." When the fact is that the money paid to these sorely wronged red men for the use of their lands helped out the scant supply furnished by the government; and the most judicious friends of the Indians favored these contracts as tending to remove their prejudice against domestic cattle, and familiarize them with a profitable industry. The president has been misled, is Mr. Nimmo's reasonable conclusion, and the popular clamor that has been excited against cattlemen has led him into a serious executive blunder, which will rebound to the injury of his administration.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.


How Gen. Sheridan Misled the President Into His Executive Order.

Mr. Joseph Nimmo, Jr., late chief of the bureau of statistics, is now stopping in the city, a guest of the Leland House. He is en route to the states and territories embraced in the range and ranch cattle, horse and sheep growing area of the interior, with a view of writing a book upon that subject. To a reporter he said:

"I'm devoting special attention to the Indian and public land questions. I came to this city direct from the western portions of Kansas and the Indian territory, the scene of the recent troubles regarding the cattlemen and the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indian tribes. As the result of very careful investigations my views have been radically changed in regard to the merits of the whole subject since I left Washington. It appears to me that the whole difficulty has had its origin in the fact that a number of army officers, with their friends, were formerly largely engaged in the herding of cattle on the Cheyenne and Arapaho lands, without paying a cent for the privilege, which was terminated in the leasing of the lands. Hundreds of thousands of other cattle were also grazing on the Cheyenne and Arapaho reservations without any compensation whatever to the Indians. These latter cattle were ostensibly passing through the Indian territory on the two trails extending from Texas to the northern ranges, but, in fact, being held on the Cheyenne and Arapaho lands, where they were fattened, and thence shipped in large numbers to the markets of Kansas City, St. Louis, and Chicago.

"The army officers stationed at Fort Reno, who appear not to have been in the army ring which had its headquarters at Camp Supply, 100 miles away, and twenty-five miles north of the Cheyenne and Arapaho reservations, as well as the Indian agent stationed at Fort Reno, declared that it was utterly impossible for the army to keep these cattle off the Indian lands. To have done so, it would have rendered necessary the erection of a fence around the entire Indian territory, and also have rendered necessary the fencing of the two trails running through it. Fifteen hundred miles of fence would have been required, and then it would have been necessary to have stationed guards all along these lines to keep the cattlemen from cutting them.

"Finally, after mature discussion of the whole subject as between the army officers at Fort Reno, the agent, and the tribes, assembled in council, it was decided to be best to lease the lands to responsible parties, not one-twentieth part of which lands were occupied or needed by the Indians for any purpose. Secretary Teller at first stoutly refused to accede to this proposition, but he was finally prevailed upon to do so on arguments showing that such leasing would be protective of the interests of the Indians and promotive of their welfare. The strongest argument of this sort was made by army officers stationed at Fort Reno. Gen. Pope, commander of the department, wrote a long and very earnest appeal in favor of the plan of leasing, and Gen. Sheridan cordially endorsed all that was said by Gen. Pope, and the secretary of war transmitted the entire correspondence to Secretary Teller, of the interior department. Upon this earnest appeal Secretary Teller relented, allowing the Indians to lease as much of their land as they had no use for to responsible parties.

"I will mention as one of the amusing features of this business the fact that seven eighths of the lessees were democrats, and that they secured the approbation of the secretary of the interior almost entirely through the influence of democratic senators and members of congress; so that the leasing was in fact an army arrangement, backed up and carried out almost entirely by democrats. I am of the opinion that a thorough investigation of the recent difficulties will disclose the fact that they had their origin in the discontent of certain contumacious Indian leaders of bands who kept themselves aloof from the main bodies of their tribes, certain squaw men, and certain army officers and their friends stationed at Camp Supply, outside the Cheyenne and Arapaho reservations. During the last two years the latter have in connection with the bad Indians and the squaw men, been using all their efforts to stir up discontent and to poison the mind of the lieutenant general against the cattlemen. The animus appears to have arisen from the fact already stated that their business of cattle raising was cut off at the time of the leasing of the lands, and that they were compelled to drive their herdsbelieved to have amounted to about 20,000 headover into the pan-handle of Texas, where the grazing was neither so rich nor so extensive. Besides this they had previously been paying considerable sums of money to the outlaw Indians who make their abode along the northern line of the reservation, and also for a considerable portion of the time at Camp Supply.

"I believe it was these Indians who made all the trouble, and Gen. Sheridan was grossly deceived in regard to the whole matter, and unintentionally misled the president. I believe further that the leasing of the lands by the Indians had, up to the final denouement, the approbation of nine-tenths of the tribes, and that it proved to be beneficial to them, as it was a very large and valuable source of revenue, the lease money having invariably been paid promptly and in advance.

"I will add that the raising of cattle, horses, and sheep in this country, on wild lands belonging to the United States as well as to the Indians, has been practiced ever since the country has been in existence, and that at the present time millions of cattle are ranging gratuitously on free lands of the United States throughout an area thirty or forty times as large as the Cheyenne and Arapaho reservations; and that for the life of me I can't see what harm was done in permitting cattle to graze on the unoccupied land in those reservations, especially when such occupancy was a source of revenue to the Indians, and prevented a like occupancy by cattle whose owners paid nothing whatever, an evil which Gen. Sheridan and Gen. Pope both declared could not be cured except by the leasing of the lands to responsible parties."

Mr. Nimmo will start on Thursday for St. Paul and the Pacific coast over the line of the Northern Pacific railroad, along which route he will study the cattle question. Chicago Mail.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 16, 1885.


The opposition to the acceptance of Mr. Quigley's offer to build water works for this city was based on the business practice of advertising for bids when an enterprise of any magnitude is to be undertaken. But the circumstances in this case warranted a departure from the ordinary prudential course. Mr. Quigley was negotiating with the people of Hutchinson to build water works for that city, while his partner, Mr. Platter, had two similar contracts under consideration in two Indiana towns. Both gentlemen would prefer to operate in Kansas, and if the franchise he asked of our citizens had been awarded him, work would have begun here and in Hutchinson and the Indiana towns would have been abandoned. Mr. Quigley explained to the committee that when the revival in the iron trade was announced and a rise of $2 a ton in iron pipes was reported, the firm immediately had a large amount of pipe cast, and when Mr. Quigley visited this city, they had 9,000 tons ready for use.

Several speakers at the meeting insisted on delay. If the gentleman's proposition is as good a one as is represented, was the argument used, it will keep. But at that particular time it would not keep. Mr. Danks, as an expert, pronounces the offer an advantageous one, but it was necessary to close with it immediately. This the meeting refused to do, and by this refusal lost the opportunity of dealing with a perfectly reliable firm, and also deprived a number of our workmen of employment through the fall and winter.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 16, 1885.

Rev. Mr. Buckner, in his crusade against the rink, is showing more zeal than discretion. His statement may be true enough that roller rinks have acquired a bad name in the country, and that scandalous doings characterize that form of amusement. The same used to be said of theatres, and even church camp meetings are not free from reproach. But it is not right to hang a man on his general bad character. The two young men who have re-opened the rink are evidently good citizens, not lacking in alertness and enterprise, and they avow their intention to make it an unexceptionable place of amusement. Let them have a fair trial. There is an entire absence of social amusements in this city, and when young men are released from their day's labor in the stores, it is good for their health and their morals to have a place to resort to where they can spend an hour in health giving exercise. There is a danger of being too strait-laced; we can retard the growth of our city by distrust of human nature. That petition to the city council, which our reverend friend is circulating, asking that body to withhold a license from the rink, is clearly lost labor. Our city fathers are solicitous to increase the public revenue, and they certainly will not exclude men who come here to carry on a legitimate enterprise.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 16, 1885.

A Washington dispatch of the 12th inst., says a commission consisting of Capt. James Kincannon, of Mississippi, and Mr. Wood, of Tennessee, has been appointed by the secretary of the interior to go out to the Indian Territory and open up negotiations with the Choctaw, Creek, Cherokee, and Seminole Indians, for the purpose of having their undivided lands thrown open to settlement.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 16, 1885.


Burden Enterprise: The editor of the Caldwell Free Press has recently lost his house by fire, the work of an incendiary. It is believed that his outspoken advocacy of temperance led to the burning.

The majority of the ranchmen on the Strip are shipping their dry cows to market this season. They find that there are more profitable investments than raising calves, especially when such rough winters as last gather in the major part of the cow herd.

Caldwell Journal: Geo. W. Peters sold a half interest in his Angus stock farm and stock last week to Mr. E. Jones of Ohio. The sale taken in between them are four hundred head of fine stock, and twelve hundred acres of the finest grazing and fencing found in Sumner County. Consideration for half interest, $50,000.

Cedar Vale Star: On Thursday of last week a most painful accident occurred in Lookout Valley, at the home of Dan Rush, in which his boy had his foot caught in the rollers of a cane mill and fearfully lacerated it. Drs. Donelson and McMahon were promptly called, and found it necessary from the nature of the hurt to amputate all the toes.

Oxford Register: If nothing more happens to prevent work, the entire force will commence on the Arkansas bridge at this point the first of next week. The reason they did not commence sooner was on account of their inability in getting material here. One load of piling came two weeks ago; one load of timber came yesterday, with a report of two more loads on the road. Ed. Reams has been here several days, and the whole force will be on hand by Monday ready to go to work.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 16, 1885.

The Fire at Anthony.

At 1:30 o'clock Sunday morning, the citizens of Anthony were aroused from their slumber by the firing of revolvers and the yelling of fire! Fire! It was soon discovered that the bakery of Geo. McKnight, opposite the Union block, was on fire, which spread rapidly on either side, and in a few minutes the flames and dark clouds of smoke were rising into the firelit heavens, and the large crowd that had gathered there could do nothing but stand and witness one of the largest conflagrations that ever visited that city. The parties that were burned out are as follows: Geo. McKnight, city bakery; L. B. Forbes, grocery; Kroenert Bros., grocery; M. A. Hall & Co., Daily News office; Dr. Hull's office; Mrs. Bullock's millinery; Will Hart's photograph gallery, and Costa & Ghio's hardware. The loss is very heavy, but most of the sufferers were insured and some of them got out most of their goods. The Daily News had just been located and intended to commence issuing its daily this week. Most of the type was saved but the large power press lies in the ruins and the large job press was broken all to pieces trying to get it out. The buildings were all old and made a tremendous hot fire, breaking several large plate glass on the opposite side of the street, and also scorching the buildings. The parties that arrived on the scene first report that they could have easily put the fire out but could find no buckets or well to get water from. We think it is high time that Anthony was organizing a fire company. Mid Lothian Sun.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 16, 1885.

Instructed for Smock.

The primary elections to elect delegates to the Republican nominating convention on the 19th, were made lively Saturday by the contest for the county clerkship, between S. J. Smock and Capt. Hunt. The returns so far indicate between 85 and 100 delegates instructed for Smock. Arkansas City and Creswell instructed 17 out of their 21 delegates for Smock, and Winfield's Smock delegation went in by about 100 majority. There now seems no doubt, in the minds of any, that Smock's nomination is sure, though nothing absolute can be told until after the convention. No other candidates had opposition. Winfield Courier, the 14th.

Our Winfield cotem is slightly in error in saying that the delegates from Arkansas City and Creswell Township were instructed for Smock. They will all go uninstructed, although it is generally understood that this city and township send a Smock delegation.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 16, 1885.

The Annual.

The editor of the Rackville Scythe is a smart man. The other day while on board a railway train he sat down beside a passenger and, handing him a paper, said:

"Here's a copy of my last issue."

The passenger took the paper and thanked the editor.

"Do you travel much over this road?" the editor asked.

"Not a great deal."

"You bet I do. They give me an annual pass, you know. Nothing like having an annual. I am constitutionally opposed to paying a railroad anything; ain't you?"

"Well, I am not fond of paying."

"Say," said the editor, "I don't mind telling you a little something. I am rather hard up today and I'll sell you my pass for ten dollars."

"Then what will you do?"

"Oh, I'll get another one. I'll tell `em I lost it, don't you see. Oh, I know how to work `em. Takes a country newspaper man for that, eh?" continued the editor, laughing heartily. "I never saw a railroad that I couldn't work. How far do you go?"

"All the way through."

"That so? Now, sir, if you had a pass like this, you would be fixed. What business are you in?"

"I am the general superintendent of this road. Let me take that pass."

At present the editor of the Rackville Scythe has no annual pass. Arkansaw Traveler.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 16, 1885.

GREAT CATTLE SALE. A mixed herd of 350 head of cattle will be sold on WEDNES- DAY, SEPTEMBER 30TH, at Glenwood ranch, on Timber Creek, six miles northwest of Burden, Cowley County, Kansas. The herd consists of about

Ninety head of cows.

Eighty head of high grade Shorthorn heifers.

One hundred and twenty-five head of high grade Shorthorn calves.

Three head of thoroughbred Galloway bulls.

One thoroughbred Shorthorn bull.

One thoroughbred Jersey bull.

One high grade Shorthorn bull.

The Jersey heifers are of the very best milk stock that could be secured in the U. S., and are bred to a Jersey bull whose sire cost $3,000.

TERMS OF SALE: Six, twelve, and eighteen months' time will be given. Good security will be required in every case.

Free lunch on the grounds.

J. C. McMULLEN, Near Burden.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 16, 1885.

CHEAP PLEASURE TRIP. The Grandest Excursion of the season leaves Arkansas City, SEPTEMBER 30th, For Richmond, Indiana. One way fare for round trip. First-class in every respect. Come one, come all, and visit your wife's people. For further information call on

J. L. HOWARD, Excursion Agent. Office West door National Bank Building, Arkansas City.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Music at the rink tonight.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

T. H. McLaughlin is building an addition to his domicile.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Kroenert & Austin have a handsome new delivery wagon.


-WE SELL- Everything in the Staple or Fancy Grocery Line, Carrying the largest and an exclusive stock of Groceries, we are enabled to supply the wants of a general Public. A free delivery inside City limits. TELEPHONE CONNECTION.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Ochs & Nicholson are opening out a large stock of fall and winter goods.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Mrs. Jo. Briggs, wife of Mr. Briggs of the rink, arrived from Caldwell on Monday last.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Our merchants report an increased trade, though there is yet room for improvement.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Mrs. W. R. Hoffman returned on Saturday from a sojourn of several weeks with her friends in Northern Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Dr. Jamison Vawter has removed to Dr. Wright's former residence on North Summit Street.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Hugh Ford, the builder, is erecting a commodious frame house for his own occupancy, on Fifth street, in the south part of town.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Charley Hollaway spent two or three days in town last week. He has his new drug store in running order in Sedan, and he speaks quite favorably of the prospects.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

John M. Ware, of Ware, Pickering & Co., is suffering from inflammatory rheumatism in the knee. We trust he will have speedy relief from this painful ailment.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Mayor Schiffbauer has advertised for bids to construct water works in several trade journals indicated by the committee, and also mailed specifications of the system decided on, to pump-makers and other fit parties.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

C. R. Sipes has engaged a new assistant, F. A. Neilson, from Oxford, Mississippi. This gentleman has courteous manners and business experience, and we gladly welcome him to our city population.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Political jokers in the first ward say their delegation to the county convention consists of a greenbacker, a St. John man, a democrat, and a know nothing. This may be regarded as a happy family.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

MARRIED. Married by Judge Gans in Winfield, on Thursday the 10th inst., Jack Carder, of this city, and Miss Annie Davis, of Shelbyville, Illinois. The TRAVELER wishes the wedded pair unalloyed and continued bliss.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Dimus H. Lent left town on an outing the beginning of last week and is expected to return on Saturday. He takes a business and pleasure trip through some of the southern counties of Kansas, and will start home from Kansas City.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

The great Kansas reunion of soldiers and sailors will be held in Topeka September 29th, 30th, and Oct. 1st. From present reports and appearances this will be one of the largest gatherings of veterans ever held in the state.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Wright left town yesterday to spend the winter in Kansas City, where the first named will prosecute his medical studies. The Presbyterian Church choir, in the departure of this estimable couple, mourns the loss of two of its tuneful members.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

The time for beginning work on the Belle Plaine canal expired on the 4th inst. The bonds were voted July 6th, and the contract required the work to commence within sixty days. Frank Beall, who was to have engineered the undertaking, seems to have lost his reckoning.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

The Arkansas City Post of G. A. R., invites all old soldiers and sailors who desire to visit Topeka during the soldiers' reunion, which takes place Sept. 29th, 30th, and Oct. 1st, with or without their families, to hand in their names to Capt. C. G. Thompson, Star Livery Stable, that transportation may be furnished them. Fare one cent a mile each way.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

W. M. Sawyer, whose case has engaged so large a share of the citizens of the city council, paid $74 fine and costs last week, and no further proceedings have been instituted against him. We understand an order from the district court is needed to empower the city officers to remove his house beyond fire limits.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

That saucy river craft, the Kansas Millers, returned to her wharf in this city on Friday with her cargo of flour undischarged. The vessel has been tied up somewhere near Stewart's ranch, on the Ponca reservation, for the past month. The boys seem to have grown discouraged at the difficulties they encountered, so they turned round and came home with their errand unperformed.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

The farmers have had a somewhat hard time of it throughout the past season; floods in the spring, drouth in the summer, and weather so intolerably hot through the harvesting season that they were in danger of being cremated in the field. But this weather makes amends with abundant rains to moisten the parched soil, cool airs, and a warm sun to promote both comfort and thrift. Nature gets on a tare at times but her disposition is kindly toward mankind.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

A curious complication arose over the collection of the occupation tax last week. City Marshal Gray notified, among others, Dr. Acker and Dr. Shepard that their contribution to the city treasury was not paid in. As these two gentlemen have formed a co-partnership, they considered the payment of one tax ($10) would answer for both. This was demurred to by the city marshal, and Dr. Shepard sought the opinion of the mayor. His honor held that two doctors should pay two fees, and so ordered. Dr. Acker on his refusal to pay was summoned before Judge Bryant, but while his case was being heard, his partner paid the tax for one to the city treasurer, receiving a receipt to the medical firm. Dr. Acker was fined for practicing without a license, but appealed, and was released on giving a bond to appear. This complicates the matter should it be carried to the district court, and there is no doubt but a settlement will be made.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Delegate Convention.

The primaries were held in this city and in Creswell Township on Saturday evening, notwithstanding the severe rain storm. The proceedings were orderly and the selection of delegates was gone through with as a routine matter.

In the fist ward the election was held in G. B. Shaw & Co.'s office, F. M. Peak chairman and W. D. Kreamer, secretary. The following delegates were elected: Jacob High, W. D. Kreamer, F. D. Richardson, F. M. Park. Alternates: James Ridenour, A. E. Kirkpatrick, W. D. Johnson, J. M. Smiley.

The Star Stable was the election place in the second ward. I. H. Bonsall was chosen for chairman and Frederic Lockley, secretary. The delegates elected were Frank J. Hess, Edward Pentecost, Theo. Fairclo, Charles Bryant. Alternates: E. Baldwin, E. G. Gray, David Lewis, Ira Barnett.

Third Ward. The meeting in the ward was held in Hilliard's Stable, L. E. Woodin presided, Ed. Kingsbury, secretary. Following is the list of delegates and alternates. Delegates: L. E. Woodin, F. J. Gilbert, C. S. Searing. Alternates: Ed. Kingsbury, G. W. Cunningham, N. T. Snyder. In this ward a committeeman was elected, N. T. Snyder being the member chosen.

The Fourth Ward meeting was held in Blakeney & Upp's store, J. C. Lindsay, chairman, Alexander Wilson, secretary. The delegates elected were W. D. Mowry, D. D. Bishop, John Daniels, O. S. Rarick. Alternates: S. C. Lindsay, Alex, Wilson, J. E. Beck, Charles Parker.


Pursuant to a call duly issued the Republican voters of Creswell Township met in caucus at the Stone House on the Winfield road at 7 o'clock p.m., September 12th. On motion E. C. Burt was chosen chairman, and W. C. Guyer, clerk. On motion the following named gentlemen were chosen as delegates to the County Convention: G. W. Ramage, Jesse Stansbury, E. C. Burt, A. B. Sankey, W. C. Guyer, P. M. Vaughn, at large. Alternates: Washington Allen, Frank Houghton, I. L. Wade, A. G. Kells, J. B. Tucker, R. L. Marshall. On motion it was ordered that the delegates go uninstructed. On motion the following named gentlemen were chosen as Township Central Committee: F. M. Vaughn, Chairman; I. L. Wade, clerk, A. B. Sankey. The caucus then adjourned.

W. C. GUYER, Clerk. E. C. HUNT, Chairman.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Surprise Party.

The residence of Dr. and Mrs. J. T. Grimes was the scene of a pleasant festivity on Friday evening. The day was the thirtieth anniversary of their wedding, and their neighbors and friends thought it fitting to drop in on them in an accidental way and exchange congratula- tions. Perhaps the affair was prearranged by their daughter, Mrs. Beach, who happened quite opportunely to be in town, assisted by her brother Charley. However that may be, a large party of friends gathered at the house, taking the old folks entirely by surprise, who made themselves at home in a manner edifying to behold. The evening was spent happily, and when the call to refreshments was given, the guests sat down to a really handsome collation. A number of presents were brought which were presented in behalf of the donors by Rev. Mr. Witt in a happy impromptu talk. The Border Brass Band after its performance at the rink, appeared on the scene, and played several pleasing airs. At a late hour the company broke up, expressing hearty wishes that all might live to enjoy many similar gatherings. To which pious desire the TRAVELER responds with a hearty amen.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Fair Week.

N. T. SNYDER. Dear Sir: I have made arrangements with the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad for a passenger coach each day on the morning train during the fair, and for six coaches on the Thursday morning train. Thursday will be Arkansas City and Winfield day. I would like to see Arkansas City and vicinity well represented on that day. For the round trip 51 cents. We have room for everybody. D. L. KRETSINGER, General Manager.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Geo. W. Reed, G. M. W., will be present on Friday Eve., Sept. 18th. Each member is requested to attend A. O. U. W. Lodge on that night. D. T. KITCH, M. W.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

DIED. S. W. Arnett, of Bolton Township, who has been suffering from typho-malaria the past two weeks, with profuse hemorrhage of the bowels, died on Sunday evening. The deceased was 45 years, married, and was one of seven brothers, all well and favorably known in Cowley County. The remains were buried yesterday, a large number of sorrowing friends following the body to its last resting place.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

M. J. Brown and wife, parents of Dr. C. D. Brown, arrived in the city on Monday, and will be the doctor's guests for two weeks. They are from Cadiz, Ohio, Mr. Brown being cashier of the Farmers' and Mechanics' National Bank of that place. They were accompanied by J. W. Scott, also of Cadiz, father of our fellow townsman, C. M. Scott. We hope the party will enjoy a pleasant visit.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

R. E. Grubbs is renovating G. W. Miller & Co.'s former store, and expects to move in the end of the week. In these commodious premises he will have room to carry on his business to more advantage.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

John L. Howard sent off twenty-six excursionists yesterday, on their way to Indianapolis. He was himself detained by instructions received at the last moment to get up another excursion party for Richmond, Indiana, on the 30th inst.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

The main struggle in the convention on Saturday will be over the County Clerk's office, though it is said there is a Winfield man who intends to make it lively for George McIntire.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

A small detachment of the 23rd infantry marched through town yesterday, on its way to Colorado, having been relieved from service at the Cheyenne Agency.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

George Hasie returned from Texas yesterday, having performed the last sad offices to his mother, who died at Fort Worth, aged 78 years.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

James, a son of Jacob Clink, of Bolton, a lad of fifteen, has been suffering from typho- malaria, but is now recovering.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

D. Brunswick closes up his great sale of clothing this week, so now is the last chance to get bargains.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

We call the attention of stock owners and dealers to a sale of choice breeds to take place in Winfield on the 30th inst.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Why He Wanted Gas.

At the citizens' meeting on Thursday evening, Mr. A. D. Prescott showed some nervous apprehension at Mr. Quigley insisting on laying gas mains at the same time that he put down his water pipes. He explained that he would not ask the city to take gas until it felt itself able to pay for it; but he insisted on the privilege of supplying private consumers with that illuminating agency when they asked for it. The councilman from the third ward stickled at this condition, and seemed to regard it as a wooden horse which our citizens on no account must consent to have introduced. "Why does the gentleman ask for a gas franchise," he asked, "when the city is not yet ready to use street lamps?" Mr. Quigley tells privately that his partner, Mr. Platter, was quite favorably impressed with this city, when he visited it this summer, and expressed his intention of building a $25,000 hotel here if a water works franchise was awarded his firm. One of Mr. Quigley's objects in insisting on the right to build gas works was that he might illuminate his partner's proposed hotel with gas.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.


The Citizens Reject Mr. Quigley's Second Proposition.

The meeting of citizens held in Highland Hall on Thursday evening was called by the water works committee to learn their views on the proposition submitted by Mr. J. B. Quigley, of St. Louis. This gentleman was here some months ago with his partner, Mr. Platter, and then the pair submitted a proposition to build gas and water works for the city, owning the franchise, and charging $4,000 for the public use of the water and gas. That is, they agreed to furnish a water system, which was generally approved by those competent to form an opinion, on condition that the city pay $50 a year rental for 60 fire hydrants, making an annual tax of $3,000. They also offered to build gas works, and furnish consumers with an excellent quality of illuminating gas for $2.50 a thousand feet, the city being required to pay for 30 street lamps, at the rate of $30 a year each. This would be an additional charge of $900. They refused, for good reasons given at the time, and repeated by Mr. Quigley at the meeting on Thursday evening, to accept one franchise without the other.

The matter was debated with due deliberation at the former meeting, and the conclusion arrived at was that the city was not then ready to bear the burden of lighting the streets, and before the offer to build water works was adopted, they preferred to invite bids from other responsible parties. A committee was appointed to formulate a plan for the water supply, and advertise in the proper channels for proposals to construct the same.

The work assigned the committee was being intelligently and diligently performed, when Mr. Quigley, who happened to be in Hutchinson, and hearing that our citizens were still laboring on a water works system, inquired of Mayor Schiffbauer by telegram whether a modified proposition would be received. The latter expressed his doubt, in a reply, but invited the gentleman to come and make his offer. He arrived here on the Wednesday train, and that evening laid his proposition before that body. It may be briefly given as follows.

An iron standpipe, ten feet in diameter and 110 feet high. Two compound duplex pumps, each capable of raising 1,000,000 gallons of water in 24 hours. Two boilers capable of running the machinery with easy firing. The main to consist of 5,800 feet of 10-inch pipe, 3,200 feet of 8-inch, 6,200 feet of 6-inch, and 7,400 feet of 4-inch pipe. The machinery is guaranteed to throw water from five plugs 65 feet high by standpipe pressure alone, and 100 feet from pump power. Mr. Quigley asks 30 days to file a bond for $20,000 for the satisfactory fulfillment of his contract. The city will be required to take 65 fire plugs and a rental of $50 a plug per annum. All the mains to be standard condition, and to be extended 600 feet for every six consumers.

The committee was favorably impressed with the offer, but feeling that their instructions did not warrant them to act without authority, they thought it proper to call another public meeting and take the sense of the people. The meeting was held on Thursday evening, about 150 persons being in attendance.

All of the committee was there, except Major Sleeth, and several of the members set forth their reasons for recommending the acceptance of Mr. Quigley's offer. They may be summarized as follows. The plan originally proposed, the details of which were in print for mailing to pump makers and contractors, involved too great an outlay, and would impose too heavy cost on the city. The standpipe of the dimensions given above, and the water mains graduated from ten to four inches, would suffice for a city of 30,000 to 40,000 inhabitants, and would certainly answer our wants for many years to come. It would be well to accept the offer now because there was the prospect of a dull winter before us; the erection of the machinery and the laying of the pipes would afford employment to scores of our workmen, and the evidence of progress and enterprise, made manifest by such a work, would give our city a good name abroad and be apt to attract capital and population hither. While to decline this offer and advertise for this would cause a delay of two months, the winter is a bad time to prosecute such an undertaking, and it was most likely that nothing would be done in the way of procuring a water supply till next year.

These statements were met by arguments from Messrs. Meigs, T. H. McLaughlin, Prescott, Cunningham, and others, that as the city had waited so long, the further delay of a few weeks would not be detrimental. Mr. Quigley had made his offer, but there might be others who were willing to do the work for less. It would be in conformity with business rules to put it up to competition and take the lowest bidder. Mr. Quigley's present one was nearly $1,000 a year better than the offer he made before; under the spur of a little wholesome competition, he might find it to his interest to make a still better offer, and the delay involved would be fully justified by the possible advantage to be gained.

The above is the substance of the reasoning used on both sides, until to bring the matter to an issue. Mr. J. P. Johnson moved that the committee be held to their former instructions to advertise for bids, which was amended by G. W. Cunningham restraining that body from opening any bids before October 12th. Both amendment and the original motion were negatived by the meeting. Judge Kreamer then moved that Mr. Quigley's offer be accepted, which was submitted to a rising vote. The chair and the secretary (James L. Huey and N. T. Snyder) counted noses and pronounced the vote a tie. It was then proposed that the vote be taken by ballot, but on Mr. Dean's suggestion that so indeterminate an expression of public sentiment would have no weight with him as a councilman, but he should be left to the exercise of his own judgment, a motion to adjourn was entertained and the meeting broke up leaving the committee to act as they thought best in the matter. As their instructions were not modified by the citizens they called together to consult with, we cannot see that they can act in any other way than to go on and advertise for bids.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.


How Its Success was Imperiled by the Removal of our Exceptionally Fit Manager.

The anonymous writer in the Democrat who signs himself "Justice," seems to have primed himself for a winter campaign. In the last issue of that veracious sheet he occupied upwards of a column in windy controversy, and the threat is made that more of the same sort is yet to come. We can sympathize with the readers of that paper, but propose to protect our own patrons from a similar infliction. This war of words grew out of the TRAVELER's strictness upon the removal of Dr. Minthorn from the superintendency of the Chilocco school. This establishment was founded by Major Haworth as an experiment, his object being to train the Indian youth in pursuits adapted to their tastes, and such as they will be most likely to follow when they become self-supporting. Through his influence with the government, he first procured the passage of a law by congress setting apart a section of land on the Cherokee Strip for school purposes and appropriating a sum of money for the school building. The major next procured from President Arthur an executive order adding about thirteen sections to the school reservation, in order that there might be room enough to pasture a herd and carry on farm operations to any extent.

The school, as we stated above, was started as an experiment. The Indian schools in the states, such as Carlisle, Hampton, Forest Grove, and the one at Lawrence, Kansas, depend mainly for their civilizing influences upon scholastic advocation. The boys are taught trades to be sure, such as type-setting, tin-smithing, shoe making, and the general use of tools, but these are not the occupations they will live by when each Indian has a farm allotted him, and he is left, like his pale face brother, to scratch for a living. At Chilocco the design was to teach the boys and girls the elementary branches of school studies, with music, where a scholar showed a taste for it, but more stress was laid upon industrial pursuits, as a preparation and training


in future years. To this end the working day was divided, one-half being spent in the school room, the other half on the farm by the boys, breaking prairie, sowing and planting and cultivating, mending fences, milking cows, and caring for stock. Supt. Oberly, with the wisdom of an owl, objected in his report that the boys were made to do the work of laborers, but were not taught the science of farming.

The Carlisle and Hampton Indian schools are not institutions with the American people. Popular contributions supplement the fund appropriated by congress for their support, and the stern necessity of making both ends meet does not trouble the managers. The voluntary aid given the Carlisle school last year exceeded the congressional appropriation, aggregating, if we remember rightly, upwards of $50,000. But the Chilocco school is remote from the public eye, the good it is to accomplish has yet to be known, and for support it is dependent upon the niggardly assistance rendered by the government. Hence to make a success of the experiment the most skillful and economical management is necessary, and when a man is found fitted by experience and natural aptitude to carry the work through to success, it is an injury to the public service and


to remove him on mere partisan grounds.

We will accede to the Democrat writer's querulous censure that Mr. Branham may be as fit a man for the position as Dr. Minthorn, but he has to prove his fitness. As a Methodist preacher and an evangelical among the Indians, he is hardly likely to have the business experience necessary to conduct extensive farming operations, to care for a herd of several hundred cows, to carry on a large school, and provide for the wants of nearly two hundred Indian youths. All this was successfully and satisfactorily done by Dr. Minthorn; and to this diversified business ability he added a cool judgment, an inflexible will, and an unfailing self-restraint, which enabled him to oversee everything without haste or nervousness, to control his subordinates without harshness or ill-temper, and to carry all the multiplied details of his difficult charge along without friction or apparent effort. The interior arrangements of the Chilocco school under Dr. Minthorn's superintendency were as


as those of the best ordered households in the land.

Visitors and public men, recognizing the danger of a disturbance of these relations, urged upon Secretary Lamar and Indian Commissioner Atkins to make no change in its management. The latter was content to let well enough alone, but the Georgia statesman "had his own friends to proffer (no matter at what cost to the public service)," and accordingly the school was subjected to the danger of wreck in order that the present superintendent might find a place.

This is the sin the TRAVELER has condemned, without desiring to say one word derogatory to Mr. Branham. We find him a pleasant gentleman in social intercourse, and if he should develop talent to take up the work where his predecessor left off, and carry it through successfully, it may be regarded as one of those mathematical happenings which come about once in so many million times.

Friends of Superintendent Branham charge this journal with unfairness to that gentleman in condemning his appointment and intimating doubts of his ability to discharge his trust. We can assure these that unfairness or unkindness was not intended. Of course, that gentleman is placed in an invidious position. He occupies his position as an embodiment of the partisan lust for spoils which holds no interest sacred where profit is to be gained. But this resentment of a public wrong will abate in awhile, Mr. Branham and the people of this city will get mutually acquainted; and if he shows an earnest and honest desire to fulfill his trust creditably, and this desire is backed by ordinary ability, he will grow into our habitudes as a part of the existing order of things, and the friction his violent introduction creates will gradually wear away. Meanwhile, if prudent, he will call off his indiscreet champion, as the prolongation of this controversy will only be damaging to himself.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

The Rink Opened.

The opening night of the rink was well attended, about one hundred persons being present. The present lessees, Messrs. Brigs & Luey, have gone to considerable pains and expense in refitting this once popular place of amusement and although they have introduced no ornamentation, they have restored the interior to a neat and cleanly appearance, and the floor is in tolerably good condition. The Border Brass Band enlivened the evening with a number of well executed pieces. The prizes announced to be given away to the best lady and gentleman skater, were awarded to Miss Clara Bryant, who displayed grace and agility on the floor, and to Frank Freeland. Mr. Luey made the announcement during the evening that strict rules of decorum would be imposed on all visitors, and those who wished to indulge in disorder would do well to stay away. We noticed that the men remained with uncovered heads, and one free and easy customer who insisted on skating without his coat, was politely shown to the door. "We wish to keep this place perfectly unobjectionable to ladies," said Mr. Luey, "and it will not be safe to allow any departure from good breeding." Under strict and correct management the good name of the rink may be restored, and we trust the present management will achieve success.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

Eagle Boarding House.

George W. Childers opened his commodious house, corner of Seventh Avenue and Ninth Street (two blocks north of the Methodist Church) as a restaurant on Monday. He sets a first- class table and can accommodate a limited number of roomers.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 16, 1885.

New Meat Market.

R. H. Jenkins has opened a new meat market on North Summit Street, which he will keep supplied with the best quality of fresh meat, killed every day. Family trade solicited. And have superior facilities for supplying my market with the best quality of beef, mutton, and pork. I propose to give my patrons the benefit of my advantage. Give me a call. Half a block north of Central Avenue. R. H. JENKINS.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 23, 1885.

GLOBE-DEMOCRAT. The action of the President in ordering the removal of the cattle from leased lands in the Indian Territory within forty days has caused a shrinkage of about $10 per head in the market value of that class of stock. This loss is a general one, and falls upon the whole cattle interest of the west. And the order has not been carried out, after all, for the simple reason that it was physically impossible, to begin with. In point of business sense, such an exploit is not calculated to reflect much credit upon Mr. Cleveland, to say the least of it.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 23, 1885.


In our issue last week we made brief mention of the appointment by Secretary Lamar of a commission to visit the Indian Territory, and enter into negotiations with the five great nations (so called); for the determination of the title to their undivided lands, and opening them to white settlement. The commission consists of Captain James Kinncannon, of Mississippi, and Mr. Wood, of Tennessee. This is the commission provided for by congress at its last session, but which the president delayed having appointed at the time, as the appropriations made to pay its expenses would not be available till the present fiscal year, beginning July 1st.

The purpose of this commission, as we understand, is to inquire into the status of the Oklahoma tract and the Cherokee strip, which contain an area exceeding 10,000,000 acres. The ownership of the Cherokee strip is a subject of angry debate in the Cherokee nation. The government has paid to Cherokee agents, at different times, a sum aggregating about $668,000; a portion of this, $368,000, for the purchase of land on which to settle friendly tribes (as provided in the treaty), the Poncas, the Nez Perces, the Otoes, the Missourias, and the Pawnees; but what the other payment of $300,000 was made for is still under discussion among the Cherokee statesmen. One party declares it was a supplementary payment for the land ceded to the tribes above named; while others declare it was a fraud perpetrated upon Congress by the Cherokee agent, Col. Phillips, and others acting with him, and that a large share of this money found its way into their pockets.

The title to the Oklahoma strip is claimed by the Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminoles in common; but this is based on an indefinite proviso in the original treaty of purchase setting forth that the territory thus acquired should be utilized in the form of locations for other Indians and freedmen. Whether this title has been extin- guished by any payments made to the Indians by the government, is left for this commission to determine.

It has been thought that the policy of the present administration is to open the territory to white settlement. That wide strip of country interposing between Kansas and Texas, and in its present unpeopled and unprogressive condition, forming a bar to profitable trade with the gulf region, has long been a cause of jealousy to the aggressive settler, and to the trading community, just as desirous for an extension of its field of operations, and there is no question but the removal of the barrier which holds that region apart as a terra inhibita, would be a very popular measure and gain a multitude of friends for the administration.

If it shall be found that the title to the land in question inheres in the Indian tribes above named, it will be proper for the president, through the secretary of the interior, to recommend that their national councils pass laws authorizing the government of the United States to sell the land in trust for the owners, and become depository of the money realized, as it is for the Osages and other tribes whose lands it has sold. But these red men are not willing to have it sold at the minimum price of $1.25 per acre. The intervening sections in railroad grants, retained by the government, are sold at a double minimum rate, or $2.50 per acre; and congress, in framing a law for the disposal of these tracts, might fix this price upon the cultivable portion. But the Cherokees set $4 an acre as a reasonable price for their agricultural land, and it is doubtful whether congress would consent to have the government act as a land agent for that tribe, if the soil is to be disposed of at fancy prices.

Secretary Lamar has chosen two of his southern brothers for the commission, but if they are discreet and fair minded, it matters little what their political proclivities. It is to be supposed they will make thorough search into the land titles, take testimony of the Indians, prepare a voluminous report, and lay it before congress. No doubt they will find a strong sentiment in the red tribes in favor of admitting the pale face, and there is no doubt but congress will find a way to satisfy their claims, and render this large area of land available to white industry.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 23, 1885.

The Globe-Democrat considers that the cattlemen turned out of the Cheyenne and Arapaho lease, will have cause of action against the government through the court of claims for cattle lost and killed at the hands of the Indians during the process of removal.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 23, 1885.


Iola Register: Wallace Duncan returned Tuesday night from the Territory, having resigned his position as superintendent of the Ponca schools. "They ought to all be dead," is his solution of the Indian problem.

A Wichita dispatch says: United States District Attorney W. C. Perry has received instructions from Washington to make a personal investigation of the cases now pending against the Oklahoma boomers; and if in his judgment he shall find that all the boomers have left the territory, to dismiss all of the indictments found against them, at the next term of the United States District Court at Wichita.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

The Fat Men on Wheels, at the Rink tonight.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

The public schools of Arkansas City will open Monday, October 5, 1885.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

James Hill, our first ward councilman, is in New York on railroad business.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Prof. Weir and family returned on Saturday from their vacation stay in Indiana.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Isaac Ochs (of Ochs & Nicholson) is rusticating awhile for the benefit of his health.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Three infants and two older children were baptized in the Presbyterian Church on Sunday morning.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Col. Pollock, J. H. Sherburne, and Mr. Hodges came up from Ponca on Sunday to attend the meeting of cattlemen.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Our public schools will open shortly, and Mowry & Sollitt call the attention of parents to their fall line of school books.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

At C. W. Ransom's you can buy a fine line of goods for 99 cents. An elegant variety of China cups and saucers just received.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

John M. Ware is still the victim of inflammatory rheumatism, and went to Geuda on Monday to try the efficacy of its mineral waters.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Some careless boys on Saturday evening while shooting on the canal race, shot a bull belonging to John Hollenbeck, severely injuring the animal.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Another change of railroad time went into effect last Thursday. The eastern mail now arrives at 12:45 p.m., instead of 12:10; and the mail closes at 1:15 p.m.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Go to C. W. Ransom's, Chapel Block, for Fancy Goods; a fine lot of Albums cheaper than the cheapest. Also a variety of 5, 10, and 25 cent goods.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Joseph Hutchins, brother to our fellow townsman, C. Hutchins, came in on Friday's train from his home in Middlebury, Indiana, and will make a brief sojourn in our midst.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

MARRIED. On Sunday, the 20th inst., in East Bolton, by Rev. S. B. Fleming, Samuel R. Brown to Miss Angie P. Snodderly. Also in this city by the same clergyman, Isaac Wilson to Miss Matilda A. Taylor.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Capt. C. G. Thompson, of this city, has been officially notified of his appointment on the staff of Brigadier General Long, as aide de camp, the General being assigned to the command of the troops of this district.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Jacob Hong, a clerk in the Diamond Front store, is suffering from chills and fever. Joseph Smith, another salesman in the same store, is convalescing from a severe attack of malarial typhoid and takes short spells behind the counter.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

O. P. Houghton announces in our columns that he is prepared for the fall trade, and offers bargains in dry goods, carpets, ready made clothing, and sundry lines of goods which are worthy the attention of buyers.

AD. Clothing Cheap at the Green Front.




NEW GOODS. Fall goods at the Green Front, and will be sold at the lowest possible price. We have everything you want in dry goods, clothing, hats, caps, carpets, boots, shoes, blankets, underwear, ladies' and children's wraps, etc. Best 10 or 8 ounce hat at Green Front.

We will sustain our reputation of selling for less margin than any house in the county.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

DIVORCES. The district court on Saturday, Judge Dalton presiding, severed seven connubial knots. This we regard as indecent haste. Among the decrees granted was one to Alfred Rice, of this city, whose marriage to Ella J. Rice was annulled on the ground of the wife's abandonment.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

A. D. Perry, of Indianapolis, brother to mine host of the Leland, came to town on Friday, with his wife, and the pair stayed over Sunday with their relative. Mr. Perry's business took him from town on Monday; but Mrs. Perry will prolong her visit here till her husband's return.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Miss Nellie Nash, having entered into a state of connubiality, her place is made vacant on the roll of teachers. We understand the position will be left unfilled on account of the shortness of school funds, and that her labors will be divided up between Professor Weir and one or two other teachers.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Some time ago complaint was made against Riley Maltbie by C. H. Weir of cruelty to animals. The case was tried in Judge Bryant's court on Monday. No evidence was produced to sustain the charge and it was found to be purely malicious prosecution. The case was dismissed, and $8.50 costs taxed on the prosecutor.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Among the arrivals at the Leland Hotel on Monday, were J. F. McMillen, of Winfield; Horace Arthur, formerly of Ponca Agency, but now living in Topeka; Dr. F. J. Dent, of Ponca; J. E. Finney, of Finney, Schiffbauer & Co., the licensed traders at Grayhorse; and Joseph Soderstrom, of Osage Agency.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Ridenour & Thompson have received a large invoice of plated ware and solid silver goods for table service, of the newest and most elegant designs, and this addition to their stock, tastefully arranged on their shelves and in their showcases, is attractive to all lovers of the aesthetic. This enterprise shows that dull times do not very seriously affect their business.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

The editor of the Republican seems as anxious to stir up strife and discord in the republican ranks as in the democratic camp. Mr. Peak, of the first ward, has been a republican longer than has our callow friend, who so recently edited a democratic paper in Wilson county. Nor does the honest blacksmith boast of making a change simply for "bread and butter."

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

When newspaper men are around they are always alert in the use of their ears. On a street corner the other day the following conversation was overhead. "Tyler McLaughlin, at the citizens' meeting two weeks ago was a great stickler for competition. He said he had often been surprised at the lowness of the bids put in for a job of work in which he was concerned. He didn't say how low the bids were for the double house he is building up the street apiece; but we see the front and part of the side walls in ruins now, and this may produce the impression on his mind that bids may sometimes be put in too cheap." It was King Solomon, we believe, who said wisdom cries aloud in the street, and no man regardeth her.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Leave your coal orders with G. B. Shaw & Co., or Ed. Grady.

G. B. Shaw & Co., have on hand all kinds of coal. Leave orders with Ed. Grady, or at their office on North Summit Street.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

School district No. 2 has been incorporated with district No. 1. This will give the children of the outlying localities better school facilities, and will admit of a more economical use of the school moneys.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Youngheim & Co., have opened up a heavy stock of clothing and men's underwear for the coming fall and winter, and in another column declare their intention to give their patrons the benefit of low prices. They have an unusually fine assortment and are selling at prices to suit the times.

AD. ATTENTION! From now on we will sell our Clothing, GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS, ETC., ETC., At Lower Figures than they have ever been sold at in Southern Kansas. We Make our Line a SPECIALTY. Everybody can and will be SUITED. We have everything a man wants to prepare himself for winter quarters. Our maxim is quick sales and Small Profits. Come one, Come all, and you will find us to be the old reliable Clothing House of Arkansas City. Thanking our patrons for past favors, we remain Respectfully,

YOUNGHEIM & CO., Three Doors South of P. O.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

On Friday evening the members of the Arkansas City Lodge of A. O. U. W. banqueted Grand Master Reed, of Topeka, and P. G. M. Sheep, of Lawrence, who were on a visit to this city. Tables were set in R. E. Grubbs' new refectory (G. W. Miller & Co.'s former store), and about 30 sat down. Oysters in all shapes were served up, with a profusion of dishes to satisfy the most fastidious. The festivity was impromptu and it passed off with great enjoyment.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

The south half of the brick front of T. H. McLaughlin's two story building, on Summit Street, fell to the ground on Wednesday evening, carrying a portion of side walls down. The cause of the collapse was the giving way of the foundation, which caused the wall to crack and finally go to pieces. The wreck was soon cleared away, and now a foundation is being laid that will stand all the pressure placed upon it. The loss is estimated at $1,000.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Fatal Shooting in the Territory.

Some excitement was produced in town on Friday afternoon by the arrival of a young man from the territory, who confessed to having shot and killed his employer, and by the production afterwards of the body of the dead man accompanied by his wife and daughter, the latter a girl about sixteen years. The shooting occurred on the Michigan Cattle Company's ranch, where the deceased was herding a small bunch of cattle of his own, about 80 in number, and who was tenting with his wife and family. The locality was Duck Creek, within a short distance of the Nez Perce reservation.

The name of the slaughtered man was given as George W. Handy, aged 54 years, formerly of Chautauqua county, and that of his slayer, Oliver Soule. The difficulty grew out of a saddle said to have been stolen by the deceased, for which offense he was to be tried in the United States Commissioner's court on Tuesday next. Ollie Soule had been subpoenaed as a witness, and to escape what damaging effect might be produced by his testimony, Handy had several times urged his employee to leave the country. On Thursday night, when the fatal encounter occurred, Mrs. Handy says her husband left the tent, saying Ollie had got to leave the country, or one of them must die. A short altercation ensued just outside the tent, then two shots were fired, and the death lot had been awarded the aggressor. Soule tells that on Handy's demand that he get up and leave, he replied it took money to carry a man any distance, and he had no money to go away with. This infuriated his employer, who is known far and wide as a man of violent temper, and taking out a clasp knife, he made at the young man, aiming at him a murderous blow which was arrested by encountering his pistol scabbard. Soule drew his pistol and fired two shots, one taking effect in Handy's right breast and passing out between the shoulder blades, the other entering his abdomen. The wounded man died instantly from the effect of the wounds.

The charge of stealing seems to have been a trumped up case, as no criminal intent is shown. It is told by those knowing to the facts that Handy had a saddle pony badly lacerated on a neighbor's barbed fence, and his rude idea of reprisal was encouraged by two employees of the neighbor, who suggested to him to take a saddle, they promising to be absent at the time of the theft. It is now supposed this was done to entrap Handy, he being a dangerous and undesirable neighbor.

There was an inquest held on the body, and it was buried on Saturday. Capt. Rarick conveyed Soule to the county jail, and he will be examined on the 29th inst., by United States Commissioner Bonsall.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Soldiers' Reunion.

Maj. J. E. Long and Capt. C. E. Steuven, of Winfield, were in town on Thursday to arrange for the proper representation of Winfield and Arkansas City, at the soldiers' and sailors' reunion in Topeka on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday of next week. The offer of the A. T. & S. F. Railroad company is a liberal one, which puts the fare at one cent a mile, and gives free transportation to a band not exceeding twenty-one pieces, to every hundred excursionists. The plan suggested by these gentlemen is for those persons of Arkansas City, who propose to be present at the reunion, old soldiers with their families and whatever friends choose to accompany them, pay their way to Winfield, 38 cents, and buy their commuted tickets to Topeka there. This is for the purpose of making up the hundred, which gives free transportation to the band. Burden and Udall will also enter into this arrangement. It is expected that 50 will leave Winfield, and Burden and Udall will perhaps add a score. This leaves thirty tickets for Arkansas City to purchase, which number can easily be made up. Several members of the Arkansas City post will go, some taking their wives along; some of the Woman's Relief Corps will make use of the opportunity, and quite a sprinkling of farmers, veterans, and civilians will join the number. All who propose going are requested to notify Capt. C. G. Thompson, at the Star Livery Stable, by four p.m. tomorrow in order that sufficient cars may be ordered for their transportation. It will be a very enjoyable festivity, and as the cost will be trifling, all who are able to participate should be present.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

City Council.

A regular meeting of the city council was held on Monday evening, Councilmen Bailey and Hill absent.

The following bills were acted on.

John Stafford, $2; allowed.

J. H. Hilliard, $6.50; allowed.

J. E. Parkins, $5; referred.

Chicago Lumber Co., $2.83; allowed.

W. J. Gray, boarding prisoners, $4; allowed.

J. F. McMullen, Winfield, legal service, $10; allowed.

County bill of Chicago Lumber Co., $4.25; approved.

Referred county bill of W. Cox, $43.75; disallowed.

Connor & McKee, 80 cents; allowed.

A. E. Kirkpatrick, $2.25; allowed.

Referred bill of A. E. Kirkpatrick, $12.25; allowed.

Thompson & Woodin, $1.25; allowed.

Referred bill of F. Lockley, for printing and job work, reduced by committee to $23,65; allowed.

County bill of J. W. Hutchison & Sons, $30.27; approved.

Referred bill of Jas. Moore, $23.70; allowed.

Referred bill of Dr. C. M. Parsons, $21.88; disallowed.


Meigs to build a frame dwelling with brick veneering on lot east of Frick Bros.' store. Also to Pitts Ellis to put up scales in front of Steinberger's store.

Permission was refused W. A. Lee to erect frame building east of Star stable.

A. A. Newman asked that they annex the portion of land between the city and the west bridge to bring that structure within the corporate limits and give the council power to keep it in repair. Referred to committee on streets and alleys.

Dr. Shepard asked permission to use part of the street for building material in the burnt district. The mayor explained that the permission already granted to S. B. Pickle and others to use a portion of the street for that purpose rendered the application unnecessary.

Dr. Shepard said in excavating for his new building he should have several hundreds yards of earth and gravel, which he will sell to the city for a mere trifle for grading purposes.

This led to a long and informal talk on the condition of the streets, in which dissatis- faction was expressed with the labors of the road commissioner. He had been several times ordered to file his bond, to which he paid no attention, and the streets had never been in a worse condition. On motion of Councilman Dean, the office of road commissioner was declared vacant and the city marshal instructed to perform its duties till the next regular meeting of the council.

Also on motion of Mr. Prescott, the office of night watchman was declared vacant.

Mr. Thompson asked that Engineer Scott's salary be increased; he was doing extra work and receiving inadequate pay. His assistant, Malone, had resigned, and the whole responsibility of the water supply devolved on Mr. Scott. No action was taken. The Council adjourned.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

The West Bridge.

Some time ago a meeting was held in Meigs & Nelson's office to devise means for planking the West bridge with oak lumber. The pine flooring laid down along that shaky piece of river architecture wears into holes a few days after the spikes are driven, and such inadequate material is a constant bill of expense. The cost of the oak flooring was figured up at $700, and a committee appointed to raise the wind. Several of our merchants were called on, who subscribed $25 or $50, as they felt able; but such a method of keeping the approaches to our city open was felt to be burdensome and inequitable, and the committee before half the necessary money was raised, was referred to the city council for aid. But an appeal made to that body was an idle expenditure of effort. The mayor informed his applicants that the council had no authority to expend any portion of the city revenue in a bridge lying outside of the corporate limits, and the citizens of West Bolton did not feel themselves called on to bear the expense. It was true the city council, on previous occasions, had devoted public money to a similar use, but they had escaped censure by the acquiescence of taxpayers. There was no money at that time in the city treasury to supply to the purpose then in hand, and either the sum necessary must be raised by voluntary contribution, or the bridge must go unrepaired.

It has gone unrepaired to this day, and how much is lost to our merchants in the way of trade diverted, it would be hard to compute.

Yesterday J. O. Eckel attempted to cross the bridge with a light vehicle, having a lady for his companion; he saw the floor was full of holes, but hoped by careful driving to escape accident. The animals picked their way along till half over the bridge, when the hind leg of one went through. This is a wretched misadventure to a man with a day's journey before him. Mr. Eckel helped his horse out of the hole, and led the team over the rest of the bridge. The animal's leg was grazed and torn some, but he was not rendered worthless for life, as there was great danger of his being. This bridge question is a perplexing enigma, and the man has not yet been found in our community who can solve it.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Skating Rinks Are Not All Alike.

EDITOR TRAVELER: A little more than a week ago we came to this city and secured the skating rink, which, we have been informed, has borne a hard name, owing to the former management, and if we have been rightly informed, we doubt not but it was a place unfit for children to frequent. But that should not extend to the new management. If a father is a drunkard and a scoundrel, must his child also be?

We think that Rev. Buckner and the editors of the Republican are a little premature in their consideration of the rink. The article published in the Republican plainly shows that the writer's knowledge of skating rinks is very limited. Of course, there are certain classes of people opposed to skating rinks who give vent to their dislike with the same envious feeling that editors show when their contemporaries have a larger subscription list; besides, it affords them something to talk about and fill their paper with. Further contrariness is second nature with some, and where one approves a thing, they oppose, more to indulge perversity than to promote the right. This spirit seems to prompt the hostility of the Republican, and so it is generally understood. But we claim correct principles, and have come to Arkansas City to live by honest industry. In our management of the rink, we have adopted the most stringent rules, and those who refuse to comply with them cannot stay in the building.

Roller skating is one of the most healthful exercises, so says many an eminent physician, when not indulged in too much.

Roller skating rinks are public places of amusement, as the Republican states, but if these gentlemanly authors would come to the rink, they would see that we bar out all unfit characters.

The Republican says "skating is too violent for ladies." We have read articles written by as learned men as we should judge him to be, who speak in favor of the healthful exercise; and more, it is not only endorsed by a great many eminent physicians, but by many preachers as well.

We thank the Republican for not having said anything against us personally, but we are sorry that it should be so little in feeling as to try to injure another's business.


Arkansas City, Sept. 21st.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Territory Items.

Prof. L. D. Davis, former school superintendent at the Pawnee Agency, has been rotated out of office, and will take up his residence in this city, on the completion of his new house, near the fourth ward school. The professor had charge of the Pawnee school three years, and his performance of duty is highly commended.

Miss Eva Woodin, teacher in the same school, has also been displaced, her position being filled by Mrs. Mackenzie, wife of the chief clerk at Otoe.

Dr. Scott, former U. S. Indian Agent at Ponca, passed through the city last week, to rejoin his family, who some time ago returned to their home in Iowa.

Agent L. D. Miles has finally been released from his charge of the Osage Agency, and has removed with his family to this city, with the intention of making his abode here.

Superintendent Branham, at the Chilocco school, is building two corn cribs, 10 x 10 feet each, to store the summer's crop. The yield has been quite abundant.

J. W. French is another of the exodusters from the Ponca Agency. The house he built for the occupancy of his family is rented, and accordingly he is constructing another residence in the second ward, where he will make his home. His employment at Ponca expires on the 30th inst.

Major Armstrong, whose report of the condition of affairs at the Cheyenne Agency, brought about the executive order requiring the cattlemen to leave that reservation with their hands, has been staying in the city for a few days. He expresses himself not altogether satisfied with some of the removals made from the agencies in the territory, but absolves the agents from blame as having no hand in the disturbing work. The fault seems to rest with Secretary Lamar, who is one of the rule or ruin class of politicians, and is bound to provide places for his friends at whatever cost to the public service. It has been the custom in the Indian bureau to give heed to the recommendations of the agents in the matter of removals and appointments, as they are responsible for the conduct of subordinate employees, and should certainly be consulted in their choice. But the Georgia statesman has set himself up as a wholesale dispenser of patronage, and spoils must be provided for his needy southern brethren without regard to fitness or consequences.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.


The Present Incumbents Renominated and a Happy Time Generally.

The republican county convention was held in Winfield on Saturday, a full attendance of delegates being present. The meeting was held in the Opera house, and at 11 o'clock, the hour named in the call, W. J. Wilson, chairman of the county central committee, called it to order. T. A. Blanchard was elected temporary chairman, and E. A. Henthorn temporary secretary. On the chair asking the pleasure of the meeting, Delegate Strong moved that the chair appoint a committee of five on credentials. Mr. Walton asked that a committee on permanent organization be named. Other delegates suggested that committees on the order of business and on resolutions be also appointed. The chair said as he had expected that such committees would be asked for, he had prepared the names of gentlemen to fill them, and he read them off as follows.

Committee on credentials: S. P. Strong, Ed. Pentecost, G. P. Hacraft, Edward Nicholson, W. P. Weimer.

Permanent organization: Sid Cure, A. H. Jennings, J. S. Rash, John Bartgis, S. C. Pattison.

Order of business: P. A. Lorry, Samson Johnson, W. E. Tansey, J. R. Sumter, Capt. Stuber.

On resolutions: John C. Long, E. A. Henthorn, Dr. Hornady, L. E. Woodin, J. D. Maurer.

The convention then took a recess till 2 o'clock.

Afternoon Session.

When the convention was called to order on reassembling, the committee on credentials reported the list of delegates entitled to seats in the convention.

The committee on permanent organization reported with the suggestion that the temporary organization be made permanent. The report was unanimously adopted. Further clerical assistance being necessary, E. J. Wilber was appointed assistant secretary.

The committee on order of business reported the following order: Report of committee on permanent organization; report of committee on credentials; report of committee on resolutions; nominations in the following order: Sheriff, treasurer, register of deeds, county clerk, surveyor, coroner. The report was adopted. On motion it was decided that the township delegations cast the full vote of their respective townships.

The committee on resolutions reported as follows.

Mr. Chairman and gentlemen: Your committee on resolutions beg leave to report the following declaration of principles.

Resolved, 1st. That we heartily endorse the principles laid down by the last republican national state convention.

2nd. We heartily endorse the administration of his excellency, John A. Martin, as governor of Kansas, and hereby express our hearty appreciation of his wisdom, ability and patriotism.

3rd. We hereby heartily endorse the course of our state senator, Hon. F. S. Jennings, in the senate of Kansas, and of each of our representatives, the Hon. Ed. P. Greer, Hon. Louis P. King, and Hon. J. D. Maurer, and hereby desire to express our appreciation of their ability, fidelity, and patriotism.

4th. We hereby denounce the democratic party as an enemy to good government, and a foe to the commercial advancement and prosperity of our common country.

5th. We hereby recommend that the office of county auditor be abolished, it being a useless expense upon the several counties of the state, and we request our state senator and representatives to use their influence in the next session of the legislature toward accomplishing this end.

Which report was adopted without debate.

Nominations being next in order, Mr. Buckman in a highly eulogistic speech placed George H. McIntire before the convention for the office of sheriff. No other name being presented, he was nominated by acclamation.

John C. Long next presented Capt. J. B. Nipp to the convention as candidate for treasurer. This gentleman was also accepted by acclamation.

Mr. Silver nominated Major Soward for register of deeds. He was also unanimously adopted.

Capt. Tansey in an enthusiastic speech, presented the name of Samuel J. Smock for the office of county clerk. Another delegate nominated J. G. Shreves. The secretary read the following letter of declination from Capt. Hunt.

TO THE REPUBLICANS OF COWLEY COUNTY. Having become satisfied that the sentiment of the party is largely opposed to placing me upon the ticket for a 4th term for county clerk, and being desirous that no unnecessary element of discord should enter into the convention of the 19th inst., on my account, I hereby withdraw my name as a candidate before said convention, and in order that no misconstruction may be placed upon my actions in this behalf, I hereby pledge my hearty and unqualified support of the entire republican ticket. Hoping that I have, in a measure, creditably fulfilled the trust reposed in me by the republicans of the county, I will only add that I am as ready to surrender the trust at the dictation of the party, as I was to receive it. Thanking you for your consideration and support for the past six years, I have the honor to subscribe myself. Your most obedient servant.


Mr. Shreves followed this by withdrawing his name from the convention, and moving that Mr. Smock be nominated by acclamation. The crippled soldier was sustained with a gusto.

Capt. Haight was next put before the people for county surveyor with unanimous acclaim.

A contest arose over the candidacy for coroner, Dr. Marsh, the present incumbent, being first named, and Dr. Wells, as a rival claimant. On the ballot that was taken the vote of each township was announced by the chairman. The footing up of the vote showed 80 for Wells and 70 for Marsh. The first named was declared the nominee of the convention.


On motion of J. P. Strong, of Rock, Arkansas City was allowed two members on the central committee, Winfield two, and the townships one each. The committee for the ensuing year was then elected and is composed as follows.

Arkansas City: Theo. Fairclo, L. E. Woodin.

Winfield: O. M. Leavitt, John C. Long.

Beaver: J. B. Sumpter.

Bolton: P. A. Lorry.

Cedar: Alexander A. Bruce.

Creswell: F. B. Vaughn.

Dexter: S. H. Wells.

Fairview: J. H. Curfman.

Harvey: J. S. Rash.

Liberty: Justus Fisher.

Maple: E. B. Morse.

Ninnescah: J. S. Stuart.

Omnia: J. Hattery.

Otter: J. Stockdale.

Pleasant Valley: S. S. Linn.

Richland: L. B. Stone.

Rock: Dr. H. T. Hornady.

Spring Creek: J. S. Gilkey.

Sheridan: E. Shriver.

Silverdale: S. J. Darnell.

Silver Creek: E. A. Henthorn.

Tisdale: Hugh McKibben.

Vernon: H. O. Wooley.

Walnut: Sid Cure.

Windsor: S. M. Fall.

The convention then adjourned sine die.

At a meeting subsequently held in the Courier office, the committee organized by electing J. C. Long, chairman; E. A. Henthorn, secretary; and J. R. Sumpter, treasurer. A resolution was adopted that a committee of two from each commissioner district be constituted an executive committee to be appointed by the chairman.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

On the adjournment of the county convention, the delegates from the second commissioner district met in the same hall, to choose a candidate to succeed Commissioner Walton. Louis P. King presided, N. T. Snyder was appointed secretary. The names of J. D. Guthrie, of Bolton, and W. M. Sleeth, of Arkansas City, were presented, the choice rested on the former by a vote of 42 to 8. This closed the business of the day.


Capt. Hunt's very handsome letter of withdrawal was heartily applauded in the convention. All admit he has made a very efficient officer, and he had many supporters for a fourth term. But his pledge to the last preceding convention that he would not again ask the office at their hands seemed to have weight with many, and they held him to his word.

Sheriff McIntire has the honor of being the first county officer in Cowley County who was nominated by acclamation and without opposition.

All the candidates as they were nominated were called before the convention to say a word, but their hearts were too full for voluble utterance. They contented themselves with reiterating their thanks to the convention, and promising to do their best. Major Soward warmed to his work and spread the eagle to some extent; but coming down to business after a short outburst, he assured the convention that a second term as register of deeds would fill the measure of his ambition.

The prohibition law secured an abstinent convention, and it was creditable to the state and county to have 150 politicians in council entirely harmonious and devoted to the dispatch of business and not a boisterous member among them.

Saml. J. Smock has worked like a beaver since he first announced himself, and his diligence has been rewarded with success. Those who know him best speak well of his desserts, and his crippled arm received in his contest with rebellion, appealed to the sympathies of all. He is a strong candidate and will poll the full strength of the ticket.

Free dinner tickets at the Brettun house were distributed to the delegates in the hall, and those Arkansas City members who took supper at the Central hotel found their bills already paid when they walked up to the captain's office to settle.

Ivan Robinson is running the Central hotel, and shows himself the right man in the right place. All the arrangements of the house move like clock work; and he is liberally patronized. He had a hearty welcome for every guest from Arkansas City.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.


W. R. Smith Under Bonds For Robbing His Employers.

The defalcation of William R. Smith, late bookkeeper in the employ of A. V. Alexander & Co., is a painful instance in our social life. He came here last February from Washington, D. C., with his wife and two children, and was employed in the real estate office of Frank J. Hess. He is a young man of 28 or 30 years, genteel in appearance, popular in manner, and well fitted to win the confidence of those with whom he comes in contact. He seems to have studied law some, and had a shingle painted designating himself as attorney-at law. He is an elegant calligraphist, and was recently appointed writing master in our public schools. After a stay of about three months in Frank Hess's office, he severed his connection there and obtained an engagement in Alexander & Co.'s lumber office. For awhile he enjoyed the entire confidences of his new employers, until doubts of his strict integrity were aroused over the paucity of the cash receipts. The result of a heavy day's business was often disappointing in the light showing it made in the cash book. To test the accuracy of his accounts, Mr. Alexander, or Mr. Baldwin, his partner, would abstract small sums of money from the safe during the bookkeeper's absence, and an inquiry the next morning how his cash account came out would always receive a nonchalant answer, "all right." His method of keeping accounts was original and elastic, and would adapt itself to any circumstances.

This confirmed the suspicions of his employers of wrong doing, and one evening last week, after Smith had left the office, the two gentlemen set to work to examine his cash account of the day, and discovered a discrepancy of $20 in one of the columns. The next morning Mr. Smith declared his cash balance "all right" as usual, and then his attention was called to this error in the footing of his debit column. The error he had to admit, but could give no account of the additional $20 on hand it called for. He showed no confusion, and said that one of his employers must have used the money and failed to charge it on the blotter. This led to serious talk, and the inculpated accountant sought to relieve himself from the dilemma by producing a $20 bill from the cash drawer in the safe badly crumpled up. Mr. Alexander told him he had evidence that he had been abusing his trust, and urged him to make a clean breast of it. He denied his guilt for awhile, but the threat of exposure and prosecution forced him into the confession that he had abstracted various sums, some of which he enumerated and the uses to which they had been applied. One of his pilferings had been to pay his admission fee to freemasonry. His admissions that evening accounted for the abstraction of about $147 in all; but his employers believed that they greatly exceeded that amount.

The services of another accountant, Fred Barrett, were called in, who has been at work the past ten days on the books, and who reports his cash account within a few dollars of balancing. His investigations have not resulted in discovering any further delinquency.

Complaint was made to Judge Kreamer and a warrant issued for Smith's arrest. On Monday he was examined, County Attorney Asp conducting the proceeding, and Judge Sumner appearing for the defense. The charge of embezzlement being proved, the defendant was bound over in the penal sum of $500 for trial in the district court. Frank Hess made no charge, his books being in such an involved condition that he can prove no defalcation.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

For Sale, Or Trade for Land, 200 young cattle. Apply at TRAVELER office.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

Persons owing me will oblige by calling soon and paying as much of their account as they are able to do. DR. J. MITCHELL.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 23, 1885.

New English KITCHEN! I have opened up a Restaurant and Oyster Parlor; Meals Served at all Hours. OYSTERS IN ALL STYLES. A well appointed Lunch Counter will be one of the features. By my courteous treatment of all, I hope to obtain a share of your patronage.



Respectfully yours, R. E. GRUBBS.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 30, 1885.


Example: "But what public esteem can be held for a set of fellows who are constantly defaming each other, who scold like very drabs, who impute evil motive where none exists, and who invent charges of wrong doing out of pure malevolence? The whole business is wrong, and we are willing henceforth to let those have a monopoly of it, who have the greatest fondness for exposing their infirmity to the world. Let us have peace!"

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 30, 1885.


The policy of the president with regard to the Indian Territory is the subject of much comment. Intimations are made by officials in the Indian service to an intention to place the red wards of the nation more on their own resources, and address their energies to the task of supporting themselves. This has been the ultimate object of the so-called peace policy, inaugurated by President Grant, but the means adopted were of a mild and ineffective description, and the progress made during the fifteen years it has been on trial, has not been satisfactory to the nation. It is true the conditions have been greatly changed during this period. Before the Northern Pacific road was built, there was no way of dealing with the powerful Sioux nation, and the murderous Apaches had it pretty much their own way in Arizona and New Mexico. Indian wars were desolating and costly, and the terrible experience of several campaigns with the savages in the Northwest led Grant to utter his much quoted apothegm, "It is cheaper to feed Indians than to fight them." This being accepted as a true statement of the case, radical measures in dealing with the savage tribes were not ventured upon, and they were allowed a license, which those communities who were subject to their incursions, condemned as national cowardice.

But three or four trans-continental railway lines traversing the northwest enable the government to transport troops with all the munitions of war to any objective point; and the more powerful tribes, although at a fearful expenditure of blood and treasure, are now so broken up and enfeebled that warlike opposition from them is no longer a subject of dread. This clears the way for a radical Indian policy, and the steps already taken by the present administration lead to the belief that such is about to be adopted.

The commission recently appointed by the president is now inquiring into the condition of affairs in the Oklahoma tract and the Cherokee Strip, with a view to opening them up to white settlement. The present uncertainty that exists with regard to the title to these tracts of land will be cleared away by negotiation or an act of congress, and then they will be disposed of as public domain. This will be the entering wedge. When the paleface once has the doors opened to that much coveted country, it will be a hard matter to restrict him to any one locality. The rules of equity and justice do not often prevail in a struggle between races. The surplus lands of the Indian tribes will be an object of uncontrollable desire, and the next concession required of the aborigines will be the relinquishment of all the land they cannot cultivate or profitably use, to be parceled out among settlers, who will teach them the road to industry. Sentimentalists may exclaim against such usurpation, but in this utilitarian age such an outcry will not avail.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 30, 1885.


We are likely to have a busy session of congress. The tariff laws will be brought up for revision, an effort will be made to repeal the coinage law, the Indian question will be thoroughly overhauled, and it is expected the Utah saints will receive further attention. The question that most directly affects this city and locality is the policy to be pursued in dealing with the red man. Major Armstrong, who is as well informed on the subject as any man in the Indian service, is in favor of dealing with the Indians as responsible beings, rendering them amenable to law, and imposing on them the necessity of self support. Such a mode of treatment would necessitate the dissolution of tribal relations, and the allotment of land in severalty. Each man will then feel that he is left to his own resources, and this will be the most effective way of penetrating and infusing that stolid apathy in the aboriginal mind which has defeated so many attempts to arouse the noble red man into usefulness.

Mr. J. P. Leedem, sergeant-at-arms of the house of representatives, who accompanied the Holman committee on its trip though the agencies, found a new social study in these sons of the forest and plain and has been quite communicative to press reporters since his return to Washington. He expresses his belief that the committee in its report will recommend that the authority now exercised by the chiefs be replaced by a rule more conformable with law and more conducive to advancement; that the young men be brought out from the inert mass that now constitutes the tribe, and be charged with the duty of preserving the peace, and taught to do their own thinking. Mr. Leedem further says that the committee will recommend the division of the Indian lands, a quarter section being given to each member of the tribe old and young, and rendered inalienable for a term of years. The committee would have the Indians placed in one section of the country, and those that need aid assisted by the government with farm implements and other needed supplies, until they are able to support themselves.

This may be described as the common sense of the whole business. There has been much weak sentiment mixed up with the administration of Indian affairs, and the fear of doing the wards of the nation injustice has defeated many a useful measure for their improvement. The plea has been set up that the Territory has been set apart by solemn treaty, confirmed by repeated acts of congress, for the exclusive use and occupancy of the red tribes. History has been appealed to to show that the two races cannot co-exist, and as this is "the last home of the red man," humanity demands that it be retained to them free from intrusion by the paleface, that time and opportunity be afforded them to work out their own destiny.

But this is too slow a process for our utilitarian age. Our population is increasing and extending, and this tract of country, which half a century ago was ceded to the southern tribes with the pledge that the lines of no state or territory should be cast around its borders, is now hemmed in between two populous commonwealths, and thousands of hardy frontiersmen are chafing to enter in and take possession.

This brings the question down to its practical merits, and sentiment must give way to present necessity. We find the influence of civilization diffusing itself through this Indian country, inciting the more progressive tribes to exert their energies in the way of self support, to send their children to school that they may learn white men's ways, and rendering them dissatisfied with the life of inactivity they now lead. The Cherokees and Chickasaws are about equally divided on the question of allotting their lands, and among the Creeks and Choctaws a large element favor the same policy. This is believed to be the purpose of the national administration, and since its wisdom and necessity are so plainly demonstrated, there is hardly room for doubt that Congress at its next session or in the near future, will adopt the necessary legislation to this end.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 30, 1885.



Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 30, 1885.

BIG AD. GREAT SALE OF HORSES. I will sell at public auction, on the horse farm west of the fair grounds, Cowley County, Kansas, on WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1885, Thirty-six head of brood maresmost of them of the Percheron and Clydesdale gradesall bred to imported Clydesdale horses which are now on exhibition at the fair grounds. These mares are of the very best and finest of their class that could be purchased in Illinois and Iowa. Reason for sellinghaving disposed of my horse farm.

Terms of Sale: Twelve months' time will be given, with good security. An Inspection of the stock solicited. J. C. McMULLEN. WINFIELD, KANSAS.


Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 30, 1885.

AS USUAL E. D. EDDY Comes to the Front With the Largest Stock of School Books -AND- School Supplies South of Kansas City. Wholesale or Retail. Call and see me before buying your School Books, and save money.

Arkansas City Traveler, Wednesday, September 30, 1885.

1878. ESTABLISHED 1885.





Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

A social dance at the rink on Thursday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Hasie & Co., have a new and handsome delivery wagon.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

E. N. Andrews, from Wellington, spent a few days in the city last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

S. F. Steinberger will move into his elegant new store in a few days.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

McDowell Bros., will remove their meat market to Godehard's former store tomorrow.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

The Serenade Band will furnish the music at the dance in the rink tomorrow evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

James C. Topliff advertises for bids on the double house he is about to erect just south of the Hasie block.

AD. TO CONTRACTORS. I will receive bids within the next ten days for laying the stone and brick work, also doing the carpenter work, on lots adjoining the Hasie block. Also for stone and brick delivered at same place, and for excavating for cellar. Plans and specifications may be seen at A. V. Alexander & Co.'s office, Wm. Gall, architect.


Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

See Eddy's ad in regard to his large stock of school books and scholars' supplies. He is prepared to fill the wants of all. [ALREADY TYPED.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

The sweetest music in town is furnished by the Serenade Band, and this will be the accompaniment at the rink dance tomorrow evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

School opens on Monday, and now is the time to outfit your children at Eddy's. He has everything on hand to supply the scholar's wants.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Rev. S. B. Fleming left town on Monday to attend the Presbyterian synod at Emporia. He will take in the Soldiers' reunion while away.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Edwin Harkins is up from his ranch and talks of going shortly to Illinois to spend the winter. His family have already preceded him.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

New corn is worth 25 cents in town and farmers refuse to sell at this price. Those who are able are holding on to their crop till better prices can be obtained.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

TO LADIES. I have a few large house plants which I wish to dispose of. Can be seen at my residence. MRS. H. P. STANDLEY.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

MARRIED. Married on Thursday, the 24th inst., at the residence of the bride's parents in Creswell Township, by Rev. Mr. Bowles, C. B. Sommerville to Miss Maggie Parkinson.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Sam Gould started on Saturday for Oaktown, Indiana. A ladye faire is the point of attraction, and it is said the sly Samuel will bring her back as his bride.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Geo. E. Hasie left for Topeka on Monday, to be present at the soldiers' reunion, and then will extend his travels to Colorado, where he has some promising mining properties.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

"Law and order union," monthly meeting at the Presbyterian Church, Sabbath eve, October 4th, at 7-1/2 o'clock. Subject: Centennial History of the Temperance Work, by Rev. W. H. Harris.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

R. E. Grubbs is now comfortably located in his new and handsome quarters and is prepared to serve his patrons with oysters in every style, fruits of all kinds, and all the delicacies that belong to his line. See his ad. [ALREADY TYPED.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

The schools open next Monday, and dealers in school books and other appliances to education are calling the attention of parents to this line of goods. E. D. Eddy has something of interest to say on this subject.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Peter Pearson has added two carloads of carefully selected furniture to his large stock, and is now prepared to furnish private families and hotels with an outfit of household goods of the best quality and at the lowest prices.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

M. M. Rhodes, from Danville, Pennsylvania, is staying in the city, a guest of the Frick Bros. He is a young man of excellent qualities and good business training, and would make a desirable addition to our city population.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Miss Estella Hendricks will give lessons in social music to a limited number of scholars. For terms and particulars, apply to M. J. Hendricks' gun shop on Fifth Avenue or at her residence on South Fifth Avenue between 1st and 2nd Avenues.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Mowry & Sollitt keep a full line of school books and other school supplies, and are doing an active trade in advance of the opening of our public schools on Monday. They have just received a fresh invoice of these goods, and are ready to furnish all demands.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Andrews & Swain appear in a new ad. today. They keep a fine stock of goods on hand, saddles of their own make, and adapted to any use, being a specialty. They have been one year in business in this city, and pronounce their enterprise a gratifying success.

BIG AD. SADDLES! SADDLES! ANDREWS & SWAIN have been in business in this city for one year, and are now enabled to pronounce their enterprise a gratifying success.

They have come to stay. Their rule is to sell the best quality of goods at the LOWEST PRICES POSSIBLE,

That their patrons may be satisfied and recommend the patronage of others.

The deal especially in SADDLES, HARNESS, and all kinds of Stockmen's Goods, also LAP ROBES, HORSE BLANKETS, AND SADDLERY HARDWARE.

All our saddles are made by our own workmen and warrantedwe keep none of eastern make. Improvements are constantly being made as the inventive arts progress.


Return thanks to the people of Arkansas City and vicinity for the liberal patronage bestowed, and hope to gain by the quality of their goods and reasonable prices a constantly increasing patronage.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Lives of great men all remind us we can make our lives sublime. So thinks our callow friend of the Republican, and in his last issue devotes a column to the story of his life. The man who can rise from its perusal, and deny that we have greatness among us is lost to all generous sentiment.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

The enterprising real estate men, Snyder & Hutchison, have resumed the publication of their Farm and Home, and last week the TRAVELER press ran off an edition of one thousand copies. They advertise a number of desirable properties for sale, and show zeal in behalf of their patrons by spreading the information far and wide.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Mrs. Ranson in the Chapel building is exhibiting a handsome stock of fancy goods, the selection having been made with excellent taste. She is a pioneer in this line of business, and deserves success for her commendable enterprise. We are pleased to learn from the lady that her business opens up with encouraging activity.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Judge Torrance writes to the Winfield Courier from Colorado Springs, saying that in consequence of the sickness of his children, he cannot leave there to preside at the opening of the district court on Monday next. Jurors and witnesses have been discharged till that date, and it is the unanimous opinion of the bar that if the court is not opened then, the term must lapse. The judge says in his letter: "I regret very much that the public interests should suffer in the least on account of my absence, but my first duty is to my sick family, and I cannot disregard it."

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

V. M. Ayres is now paying the highest market price for good wheat.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Agent Osborne, of Ponca, and John D. Gooch, the trader at Otoe, were in town yesterday.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Ed Perrine, late farmer at Ponca, has been rotated out of his position, and will take up his abode in this city.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Charley Schiffbauer came up on Monday from Gray Horse, after spending two weeks at his store there.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

All box rents at the Post Office are due on the first of October, and those wishing to retain their boxes should call early.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Notice is hereby given that H. P. Standley is authorized to collect all notes and accounts due me. S. MATLACK.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

V. M. Ayres comes in with an opportune offer to buy wheat. There has been no market in this city for the staple for awhile past, and farmers will rejoice at the announcement.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

BIRTHS/DEATH. Mrs. Frank Schiffbauer on Monday presented her liege lord with bouncing twins, both of the female persuasion; but one of them unfortunately was stillborn. The mother and surviving babe are doing well.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Owners of hogs along the Walnut River bank, are losing quite severely from hog cholera, while those away from the river are not affected. It is believed that the putrefying bodies of dead animals thrown into the river infect the water and thus communicate disease.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Frank Hess publishes a list of desirable properties for sale in town and country, the prices being marked down to a hard times basis, and easy terms granted to purchasers. Persons wanting to buy a farm or home, or to make a trade in real estate, would do well to call at his office. [DID NOT TYPE UP HIS BIG AD!]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

An auction sale of choice brood mares will be made on the Cowley County Fair grounds next Wednesday. Mr. J. C. McMullen, of Winfield, will dispose of three dozen choice breedersmostly of Percheron and Clydesdale gradeswhich affords a fine opportunity to farmers and stockraisers. See his ad. [ALREADY TYPED.]

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Dr. Turner announced through our columns that he will be in the city three days next week, and calls the attention of those suffering from chronic and acute complaints to this opportunity for their treatment. He publishes a number of testimonials to the cures he has effected in this city and other parts of the state, and proffers free consultation.

BIG AD. Joy, Comfort and Happiness.

Dr. A. P. TURNER, The Founder of the American Surgical Institute at Indianapolis, Indiana, and the most successful Surgeon and Physician in the west, will be at the Leland Hotel, Arkansas City, Kansas, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, October 7, 8, and 9, and every two weeks on Wednesday and Thursday in the future. SKIPPED THE REST!

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

In the burnt district, S. B. Pickle, Dr. Shepard, and Kroenert & Austin are excavating for new buildings. Mrs. Benedict and J. H. Sherburne will also start in a few days. Postmaster Topliff will shortly start on the erection of a fifty foot business building south of the Hasie block, and other similar improvements are under consideration.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

A disastrous fire not unfrequently turns out a blessing in disguise. The fire in this city destroying property covering half a block in the business centre was a severe loss to quite a number of persons, and the desolated locality has been an eyesore to our citizens since the mischief was done. But the lot owners have awakened into activity at last, and now we are to have the ground covered with a row of brick buildings that will be a credit to the city.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

New Trade Device.

Peter Pearson called the attention of this local to a new device which will tend to revolutionize an important branch of trade. It is a neat mahogany box, without top or bottom, and lined on all sides with plate glass. This simple contrivance is called a carpet exhibitor, and covers about 28 inches of square surface. Laid upon a pattern, the reflectors carry the eye over a large vista of carpet in all directions, and enables the observer to judge how a room carpet will look when laid down. With this exhibitor and a few dozen patterns a yard long, the dealer can display a stock representing thousands of dollars, and the necessity of a spacious carpet room is obviated.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

A Good Road to the Depot.

The present building activity in the city encourages property holders to undertake other improvements. Lot owners on Fifth Avenue, east of Summit Street, are pooling issues with a view to grading the street down to the depot, and flagging the sidewalk, on the south side, a width of two feet. Considerable repairs have been made on the road by ex-Street Commissioner Moore during the summer, who has filled in the hollows with the stone foundations removed from the burnt district, and put the road into tolerable condition for loaded wagons. But it is still unsatisfactory. The increasing traffic of our city necessitates a solid and durable road leading down to the depot, and as the growth of our population is steady and continuous, it is believed that business, at no distant time, will take up its march in that direction. The new railroad is expected to arrive here before the present year expires, and its terminus will probably be located on the east bank of the Walnut. We are promised the erection of division buildings, such as a round house, repair and paint shops, passenger station, freight warehouse, and other necessary appliances, and business activity will, as a consequence, be extended in that direction. This city has seriously suffered for several years past because of its defective approaches, and this movement of the lot owners on Fifth Avenue to furnish a durable and well finished road, for pedestrians and teams, leading down to the railroad termini, is creditable to their judgment and enterprise. We look to see the work set about without delay.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Surprise Party.

The following notice has been handed in for publication by one of the participants of the festivity.

Last Wednesday, being the 43rd birthday of Mrs. Bryant, quite a large number of her friends gathered at her home in the evening and gave a surprise party in her honor. During the earlier part of the evening she had been induced to go buggy-riding, and on her return, she was much astonished to see the house filled with people. There was nothing wanting to make the evening pass away pleasantly. A number of gentlemen entertained the company with some choice orchestral music. Mrs. Bryant's many friends presented her with an elegant toilet table, a fruit dish, several vases, and a beautiful willow rocking chair. Rev. Witt made the presentation speech. On the same evening a birthday party was given in honor of Miss Mamie Roe. The young people met at the house of Mr. Bryant, but shortly afterward proceeded to Judge Bonsall's lawn, which was brilliantly lighted up with Chinese lanterns, and there highly enjoyed themselves by indulging in various games of amusement. When the hour of midnight drew nigh, refreshments were served to both parties. The festivities continued for some time after supper and the parties dispersed amid much mirth and merriment.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Cowley County Fair.

The heads of the Winfield people were buzzing all last week with what they were pleased to call "the county fair." It was Winfield from centre to circumference, but credit is due the managers for the excellent display they got together, and the large attendance it drew is a triumph of judicious advertising. Thursday was Winfield and Arkansas City day, transportation being provided on the early freight train for all who chose to go. Five coach loads of passengers went out, and later in the day hundreds of others repaired thither in private vehicles. The fair was visited by at least 500 of our citizens on that day. There was excellent music, our Buckskin Border band helping to swell the strains, the horse racing was spirited, and the many exhibits on the fair ground afforded food for wonder and delight. Our pleasure seekers came back tired but pleased with the day. On several festive occasions in this city Winfield has furnished its contingent to enhance the success, and these courtesies were partly returned in the ready acceptance of our citizens to take part in their public display. Such interchange and visits back and forth are pleasant and profitable to all concerned, and promote good feeling in the generous rivalry which spare the energies of the two communities.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Fat Men on Wheels.

The fat men's race in the rink on Wednesday evening was provocative of much fun. Five contestants for the prize entered the lists: H. H. Perry, Capt. Maidt, Dr. Baker, Ed Grady, and Theo Fairclo. It took these heavy weights some time to get their rollers buckled on and commit themselves to the treacherous floor and the unfamiliar mode assigned them of getting over it; but they made the dash at last, and some astonishing gyratery efforts were at once indulged in. Ed Grady was the tallest man in the party, and he was the first to come to an anchor. Capt. Maidt felt his way along to the further end of the floor, then he sat down with emphasis and avoirdupois. Mine host Perry struck boldly out for the open sea, but the wheels wouldn't revolve as he wanted them; so after some violent efforts to preserve his aplomb, he cautiously made for shore, and steadied himself with the uprights when he got into difficulty. Dr. Baker seemed to get the hang of the thing more readily; he caught a few falls, it is true, but he struck out a gait, and by the time he had made three or four rounds, his rollers and he seemed to have a fair understanding. Mr. Fairclo went in to win. His lower extremities were quite refractory, and he would come to a full stop when there was no need for a pause, but he scrambled along without paying regard to style, and during the half hour that the race lasted pursued Lincoln's tactics in dealing with the rebellion, and kept "pegging away." When the bell sounded an end to the arenic strife, the last named was declared the victor, having made 27 laps, and the jewel, a handsome watch-charm, was awarded him as the prize. The Border Brass band enlivened the entertainment with some excellent music, and there was a good attendance of visitors.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Kicked by a Jackass.

It is unfortunate that Charley McIntire does not like the editor of this paper. It is pleasant to see brethren dwell together in unity, and we would make any reasonable sacrifice to win the good will of all mankind. But differences will exist, and the most violent antagonism between individuals cannot always be traced to specific cause. In his last issue our irate neighbor lost temper and indulged in really violent abuse. This old established journal, the pioneer newspaper of the Arkansas valley, he flouts as "a cranky sheet," its editor he quarrels with as "ancient" and "antiquated," and he severely reproves us for insulting our best citizens. These be hard words, my masters, and the question is how this editor is to live under them.

Being "ancient" and "antiquated," and devoted to journalism the last quarter of a century, this editor supposed he knew something about running a newspaper, and has indeed won favor and achieved success in other fields of labor. But our unsparing censor says, "no." In a spiteful outburst of ill temper, coarse and vulgar abuse, bad grammar and wretched spelling, he gets after a rival with the intent to cry him down, thinking (to adapt Hamlet's words to the occasion), that thrift will follow malevolence.

This howl from the democratic organ naturally starts the inquiry what fitness its editor possessed to pass on the merits of another. In this intelligent and reading community, the man who sets himself up as a public teacher should know some little himself. He should at least be able to write a plain statement with tolerable correctness, and to spell ordinary words without egregious errors. But judged by this standard, "Charles M. McIntire, local editor," as he parades himself, would not pass muster. His illiteracy is a reproach to journalism. His spite and oppugnancy are really unworthy of notice.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.


The old Adage IllustratedThree of a Trade Can Never Agree.

The question is whether Mr. T. H. McLaughlin finds himself aggrieved at a remark made in the TRAVELER last week, in regard to the collapse of the front wall of his building, and requested our city cotemporaries to express his reprobation; or whether they officiously speak for him without authority and make a noisy parade over nothing. In a local jotting we gave the substance of a remark overheard on the street corner; it was an instance of caustic humor, which Mr. McLaughlin could afford to laugh at as freely as the persons to whom it was address. [HE THEN REPEATS PARAGRAPH FROM LAST ISSUE.]

This, according to our envious newspaper scribes, is a mortal offense, and the gentleman of whom the baying is directed, may be apt to die of blighted hopes. The Democrat denounces it, in its own uncouth and blundering way, as a contemptible squib, and is prompt to decline the office of "defending T. H. McLaughlin from the insults of the amoosing old cuss," whatever that polished satire may mean.

"T. H. McLaughlin," we are reminded, "has done mighty service in the past in promoting the welfare of our city, and his counsels in matters that affect the city's interests will always be valued by our citizens." What relevancy this bears to a harmless but audacious newspaper jotting, is not explained by the writer.

Of course, facile Dick has to chip in, the Democrat having led the way. This too sensitive youth is more overwhelmingly affected than the effusive Charley. He charges this editor with showing "the wrong kind of a spirit in his report of a purposed conservation about T. H. McLaughlin." "Conservation" is good. This wrong kind of a spirit is further indulged in exulting over Mr. McLaughlin's mishap in the erection of his business block. "To exult over the loss of several hundred dollars caused by an accident," Dick Howard sagely moralizes, "simply because Mr. McLaughlin expressed a view that it would be better and wiser to receive bids for the putting in of water works, is worthy of the condemnation of all."

What flatulence this is. It is depressing to the intellect to have to deal with such balderdash. If it is a fact that the people of this city and county object to honest newspaper criticism of public sayings and doings, and editors must be mum lest they be condemned for irreverence and personal spite, the sooner this locality is fenced in and roofed over, and all unguarded talkers warned off, the pleasanter it will be for the delicate susceptibilities of those that remain. We have found Mr. McLaughlin level headed and intellectually robust in our intercourse with him, and he certainly must be annoyed at the officious dandling soothing- syruping by envious scribes who use him as a foil for working out their own ends.

"We do not believe," Brother Dick winds up by saying, "he (this writer) ever heard such remarks as he reported in his paper on the street corner." If Mr. McLaughlin shares this unbelief, and attributes to the TRAVELER the invention of lies to his disparagement, we will impart to him the name of the person who uttered the offending saying, if he asks it for his own satisfaction.


We have one further misrepresentation to expose, and then we have done with this profitless business. Dick Howard says the TRAVELER has charged the city (three several times) $1.25 for 100 small bills printed to call public meetings. The price, he says, under our contract with the city, should be 85 cents. In making this statement he willfully falsifies. He has evidently looked over the TRAVELER bills on file with the city clerk and we defy him to point to a single item where $1.25 is charged for 100 small bills. The order given is always for 250, and that number is always printed.

The innuendo that follows this false charge that the TRAVELER feels spiteful toward Councilman Prescott, who as chairman of the printing committee cut down a bill from this office a few dollars, shows a base and mercenary mind. He is measuring another man's wheat with his own bushel. Mr. Prescott is a new member of the city council, he gives intelligent attention to the performance of his duties, and this journal has more than once commended his public services. Furthermore, the gentleman has contributed one or more graceful articles to our columns, and the most cordial relations exist between the third ward councilman and this writer. Mr. McLaughlin may well pray to be delivered from his friends.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Business Changes.

We report an important business change in this city. The popular grocery firm of J. W. Hutchison & Sons retire from the lists, and R. A. Houghton succeeds. These parties are well known, and have enjoyed the confidence of the public for many years. As merchants the Hutchison family have won an enviable reputation for their business enterprise, their uniform fair dealing, and courteous attention to all classes of patrons. Rube Houghton, who has purchased the business, is one of our pioneer merchants, being engaged in merchandising when Arkansas City was in the egg, and Southern Kansas was emerging from an Indian reservation into the home of the progressive white man. The transfer was made a few days ago, the stock being invoiced to the purchaser; and Rube Houghton, the old time merchant and more recent cattle baron, is now at home to welcome his many friends and supply the wants of his patrons. Housekeepers and others who have been purchasing their groceries at this popular house will regret to see the former firm name erased, but their confidence in the house will be unimpaired with R. A. Houghton in charge, and he will retain the brothers Ed. and Bob as assistants. We predict the present owner with his business experience and extensive acquaintance can hold his own against all competitors.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Gone to the Reunion.

A number of veterans, with the Border Brass band, and a good sprinkling of citizens, left the city on Monday to take part in the reunion of soldiers and sailors at Topeka. At Winfield the veterans were joined by comrades from that city, Dexter, Udall, and other neighboring towns, it being the endeavor to make up an aggregate of 100, which number would entitle the party to the free transportation of a band of 21 pieces. As all the tickets are required by the railroad company to be sold at one place, the G. A. R. boys and their wives bought tickets to Winfield merely, and on arriving there they would procure transportation through. The following are the names of the band who joined the excursion, and the Arkansas City post members and their wives.


E. J. Hoyt, leader; J. W. Kitchen, E flat cornet; H. Godehard, B flat clarionet; O. [? C.] Grimes, 2nd B flat cornet; O. S. Finke, solo alto; Jack Thornton, 1st alto; Al Smith, 1st tenor; Eric Nordan, 2nd tenor; Frank Speer, baritone; E. O. Stevenson, tuba; Horace McConn, base drum.


G. W. Miller, P. A. Lorry, A. A. Davis and wife, John Cooke, Jacob Dunkle, J. B. Nelson, P. B. [? R. ]Marshall and wife, G. C. Brewer, W. S. Voris and wife, James Hedley, Henry Hughes, Joseph Post, Adam Neuman, D. P. Marshall and wife, Amos Walton. A. Jeannerth, the watchmaker, a soldier of the Franco-Prussian war, was also taken in.

The festive party went off in high spirits, and there is no doubt they will have a happy time.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

Newspaper Prude.

Last Saturday night another row occurred there. Oh, that skating rink is a nice place for decent girls to go! A newspaper that will stand up for such an institution deserves to be condemned by the public. Republican.

By the same token if a noisy fellow kicks up a row on a steamboat or in a theatre, blame is to be cast on the public resort, and "decent girls" are to stay away. This is sham morality. The TRAVELER is fully conscious of the reproach that attaches to rinks, and the growing disfavor towards them is evidence that they are considered harmful. But no fair-minded man is willing to see merit [?] cried down in a hullabaloo. The two young men who have opened the rink in this city, and are endeavoring to purge it of its former bad name, come here from a neighboring town, where they stand in good repute. They are printers, and first-class workmen, having given evidence of their ability in this office. They have started in what they regard as a legitimate enterprise, and it remains with the public to say whether it will support them. One or more rowdies may attempt to ride over them, but they are entitled to the protection of the police, and their efforts should be seconded to keep the place orderly. To declare that a newspaper, for merely asking forbearance in behalf of two deserving citizens who came here to make an honest living is deserving of public condemnation, is pharisaism of the most transparent order.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.


My child was operated on her cross eyes about one month ago by Dr. Turner, on his first visit to this city, and his treatment gave entire satisfaction. MRS. BLUBOUGH, Arkansas City.

Mr. James Phillips of Arkansas City says: I have been under treatment with Dr. Turner about one month, have improved greatly for the length of time. He also treated my child and her health is fully restored.

Mrs. R. Robins, Arkansas City: My daughter was severely afflicted. Dr. Turner has treated her 4 weeks, and her health is completely restored. I can cheerfully recommend Dr. Turner to the afflicted public.

Arkansas City Traveler, September 30, 1885.

From Our Exchanges.

Geuda Springs Herald: The public school opened Monday, with a good attendance of scholars. In the principal's department, Prof. W. S. Varner, instructor, nineteen pupils were enrolled. In the Intermediate, Miss Lydia Taylor, forty pupils, and in the Primary department, Miss Eva Preston, teacher, forty-two pupils, a total of one hundred and one for the first day. The teachers are all well qualified for their positions.

Topeka Capital: The Chicago Lumber Co. of Kansas filed its charter yesterday with the secretary of state. The company is organized for the purpose of transacting manufacturing, mercantile, and agricultural implement and produce business. They will transact business at Atchison, Topeka, Emporia, Wichita, Beloit, and Junction City. The directors are C. O. Barnes, S. C. King, D. J. Holland, S. Guerrier, and A. A. Casey, all of Atchison.

Wellington Press, the 24th. D. P. Alexander came down yesterday to talk street railway and make a brief call. Mr. Alexander wants the citizens of this city to take $3,000 stock in the enterprise and he promises to have cars running within sixty days. He has matters so arranged that he can get things necessary for the successful operation of the road within a few days.

Burden Enterprise: Every man nominated at the Republican convention at Winfield last Saturday was an old soldier. It is a good ticket throughout and worthy of support.