[From March 8, 1876, through April 19, 1876.]



Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876. Front Page.

I see nothing in the columns of your highly priced paper concerning our quiet town and vicinity, and it certainly should not be overlooked. A little man should not be overlooked simply because he is small, for he feels his importance as much as a larger one; and Maple City today feels her importance as much as Winfield, even though she is not quite so large. Her inhabitants are industrious and enterprising.

Mr. Wilson, the cabinet maker, is prepared to do all kinds of work, from building a house down to making a mouse trap, with neatness and dispatch. Mr. Woodard, the blacksmith, warrants his work to neither rip, ravel, nor run down at the heel. Opposite the blacksmith shop is the wagon shop of Mr. Goodrich, where you can find the proprietor ready to repair old wagons or buggies, or make new ones to order. The buggy that left his shop this week for Arkansas City would do credit to a town as large as Winfield.

The dark spot, and that which casts a shadow over this place, is the absence of a store. I am certain, from what I have learned since coming here, that a merchant could do well at this place. It is said (and of good authority) that Mr. Henrion, of Dexter, in one year at this place took in $2,500 cash, and took away a larger stock of goods than he brought with him.

The people are social, and seem to be happy. The social party at Mr. Henson's last night was a grand success.

Arrangements are being made for an exhibition at the schoolhouse on the evening of March 15th.

Robert Howe and Chancey Robinson have dissolved partnership. Chancey thinks one partner is enough. Howe returns to his farm on Shell Rock, a branch of Beaver, to lead a bachelor's life for a season longer. We welcome you, Bob.

Enos Goodrich's farm is for rent. He is going to Illinois on a visit. This is a good chance for a renter. The farm is one mile north of the city. He has nineteen acres of fall wheat to let with the place; apply soon.

Hoping this article will receive your approbation, I am, respectfully, J. A. G.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876. Front Page.

"Arkansaw Traveler."

Learning that the original painting of the "Arkansaw Traveler" was in the possession of one John E. Reardon, of Little Rock, Arkansas, we wrote him, asking if it could be obtained, and learned the following history of it.

LITTLE ROCK, ARK., February 12, 1876.

Mr. C. M. Scott, Arkansas City, Kansas:

DEAR SIR: Your card, making inquiry about the engraving of the Arkansas Traveler, has been placed in my hands by the postmaster of this place.

I have never seen or heard of a steel engraving of the Arkansas Traveler. In 1859 there was a very fine oil painting completed by a home artist, containing portraits of the originator of the story and other personages of this place. The painting exemplified the story, and had the music attached. This painting I sent to Boston, and had several thousand copies of it lithographed. It made a picture about 16 x 20 inches, and was well executed; but all of these have disappeared, and it has been several years since I have seen a copy for sale. I wrote once to the lithographer for a renewal of the lithograph, but was informed that his establishment had ceased, and the stone had been destroyed. A few years since there was a wood copy of this lithograph, about 8 x 10 inches, put on the market, and I know of none other for sale.

I have a very fine portrait of Col. Faulkner, the originator of the story, now in front of me. He died about eighteen months since, at the age of seventy-one, very much beloved and esteemed by all who knew him.

I regret I cannot give you such information as would enable you to obtain a copy of the lithograph.

Yours, Respectfully,



Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

We give below extracts from the annual report of the Hon. Edward P. Smith, Commis sioner of Indian Affairs, in reference to affairs at Osage Agency.

The Osages in the northern part of the Indian Territory, between the Arkansas River and the 96th meridian, number 3,001; of these, 323 are mixed bloods, who are self-supporting and may be considered civilized.

Great changes have been wrought among the full bloods during the last two years in the direction of abandoning the wigwam and blanket and the chase. Owing to the failure of their first crop, one year ago, they were entirely subsisted during the winter on supplies, purchased by Government with their large annuity, but issued only in return for labor.

The crops raised by both full-bloods and half-breeds this season are 5,500 bushels corn, and 19,200 bushels wheat, and 9,500 bushels vegetables, which, if ever distributed, would be sufficient to supply the whole tribe with bread for a year.

Most of 150 families who have not recovered claims have fenced fields and have raised good crops, but have been influenced by evil-designing men outside the reservation to disregard survey lines, and in other ways to resist the agent in his efforts to induce the adoption of civilized methods of living.

The two schools have an attendance of 104 pupils, about the same number as last year.

The Osages have, as a tribe, been fast friends of the Government, they have been somewhat restless and difficult to control during the year, owing to unwarrantable interference by outside parties, and to causes for grievance which were fully set forth last year and which are still unsettled.

Attention is invited to the statement of the agent respecting the intrigues and bribery practiced upon the chiefs and handmen to induce them to urge the payment out of their tribal funds of $180,000, in addition to the $50,000 already paid in satisfaction of a claim for attorneys' fees. The recommendations of the agent for such decisive action as shall at once quiet all expectations of the claimants are eminently practical.

* * * * * * *

The Kaws are native to Kansas, and removed in 1873 to the northwest corner of the Osage Reservation in the Indian Territory. They number 516. Nearly one-fourth of the tribe wear citizens' dress and live in houses. All the families are engaged in agriculture, and more than one-tenth are in school. Previous to removal, though receiving generous Government aid, they showed no disposition to labor and often suffered from want. The following, from report of Agent Gibson, shows that they are now making satisfactory progress in the right direction.

"The Kaws have been on their reservation about two years, and have made good progress, particularly during the last year, under the stimulating influence of the law requiring labor for their rations. They have been subsidized in this manner from their own funds, provided in Congress.

Each family now has a claim, under Government survey, recorded in this office. Over 150,000 rails have been split, and nearly all laid up in good fence on their farms.

They are building houses, and otherwise manifesting an interest in civilization that they have not heretofore done. Their corn is estimated at 11,600 bushels. About 600 acres of prairie have been broken by them, a considerable portion of which they are preparing to sow in wheat.

A steam grist and saw mill has been erected for them; also a commodious barn for the school farm. Both these buildings are of stone. The school has been well attended and successfully managed during the year, averaging about 45 pupils. Meetings for worship and sabbath-school are well sustained."

* * * * * * *

This commission was instructed to inquire into Agent I. T. Gibson's administration of Indian affairs, giving the subject a particular and thorough investigation, in order that the proper remedy may be applied if the service has in any way suffered, or is suffering, by a reason of inefficiency, fraud, or neglect on his part; and also if he is in any manner unjustly accused, that his conduct and administration may be vindicated and the Indians informed accordingly.

* * * * * * *

This commission performed their duties and submitted its report and proceedings September 14, 1875. They find the charges against Agent Gibson to have been mainly frivolous in their nature, and arising out of contentions and disturbances in the tribe; that the agent has administrated his affairs with strict integrity and that the Government has suffered no loss from any fraud or neglect by any officer or employer of the Government.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

The last rail on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe was laid last week, completing the line to Pueblo, Colorado, 633 miles from Kansas City and 617 from Atchison. This opens a new and independent line between the Missouri River and the Rocky mountains, and shortens the distance to points in Southern Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and the San Juan mines 143 miles. Through trains will be put on the line on Monday the 28th inst.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

Sedan is a flourishing little town. The courthouse is almost completed.

Some men at Sedan were enjoying themselves at the saloon last week, when one, under the influence of the "fire water," became enraged, and stabbed another near the heart, causing death.

A man who was carelessly driving along on Cana Creek, the other day, with a shot gun lying by his side, very suddenly got the top of his head blown off.

Wheat looks well in this county.

Farmers are beginning to make preparations for planting corn. A. E. L.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

There was a sociable at Mr. Coburn's last Thursday evening, at which all had a pleasant time.

The protracted meeting at Dexter has closed with good results.

There will be an exhibition at Glenwood schoolhouse, near the mouth of Crab Creek, on the evening of the 15th of this month.

The Patrons of Husbandry gave a supper at the Wintin schoolhouse last Saturday evening, where all appeared to enjoy themselves. A. E. L.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

BEAVER TOWNSHIP, February 24, 1876.

Every day brings up something new to us. There have been quite a number of farms changed hands during the last six weeks in this vicinity and men from all parts looking for more. Let them come. The watchword should be more men and more money. Bring your families with you; come to stay and we will lend you a helping hand. You will find a people here with big hearts and open hands; if you are poor, come right along to Cowley or western Kansas and get you a home at once that your wife and children will be proud of in their old age. When you land here, you will find men and women of as fine intellects as in any country. We have good schools, churches, and everything that would do honor to a country of far more age and experience than this.

The soil is rich; grass grows from 3 to 6 feet high on the uplands, and much higher on the bottom lands. Everything will grow here that can be raised in the same latitude elsewhere in the Union. This winter has been milder than usual. No cold weather at all worth speaking of, and it would do you good to see the farmers all over the country at work.

If you desire to have good health, come straight to Kansas. We have plenty of everything but money. Hardships have to be encountered in settling all new countries, but the worst of the battle is over. Notwithstanding the grasshopper and chinch bug ravages of 1874, our granaries are filled with grain and our tables furnished with all kinds of vegetables. If the present year's crops yield in accordance with the prospects now, there will be but few mortgaged farms in Cowley County. By the time the grass grows again, the whistle of the Iron Horse will be heard in your little town, Mr. Editor, and then you'll begin to see what men think of this country.

The time is not far distant when land in this locality will readily sell for $5 to $50 per acre. Look at the green fields of wheat from 10 to 400 acres in a piece which affords a richer pasture for your milch cow than any bluegrass. All a man has to do is to pull out his plow and go to work. There are thousands of good men renting land in the East, who would do well and ought to be in the West. A few years labor will enable you to own a better farm than you can rent where you now are and in a better country too. "Now is the accepted time;" come right along. We have good mills to grind your corn and wheat, good schools to educate your children in, good churches for you and your families to attend, and a people ready and willing to help you to get a home.

Now if you want to know more about this country and its advantages, subscribe for the Arkansas Traveler, published by C. M. Scott, Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas. I am a farmer and live near the Arkansas River. F. BROWN.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

In the Senate, the bill for the protection of birds, as agreed upon by the Conference Committee, was passed. It permits shooting prairie chickens from August 15 to January 1, and quail during November and December.

Other bills were passed, establishing the salaries of various State officers; providing for the removal of public officers who are guilty of being intoxicated, or for gambling; requiring railroad companies to fence their roads; providing for the maintenance of insane persons who have been refused admission to the State Insane Asylum; authorizing the transfer of the balance of the railroad land fund now on hand and unappropriated to the permanent school fund of the State, and to vacate the office of the agent for the sale of said lands; increasing the salaries of County Attorneys, House Railroad Bills, Nos. 296 and 156, with amendments, were also passed.

In Committee of the Whole, the bill amendatory of the school law was recommended for passage. It requires a higher grade of examination for teachers, making it necessary for them to be up in botany and industrial drawing in addition to the present requirements. It also makes a first-class certificate good for two years instead of one as now.

In the House the testimony in the Mowry case was ordered printed. An effort was made to get up out of order the bill to strike the word "white" out of the school laws, but it failed to receive the necessary two-thirds vote.

A number of bills that had been perfected in Committee of the Whole, passed on third reading, including the Prohibition bill.

The House agreed to the amendment made by the Senate in the bill to pay newspapers for publishing the Constitutional Amendments, raising the amount to $6,285, by a vote of 69 ayes to 20 nays. The House also agreed to the amendments to the bird bill. The House then went into Committee of the Whole on the appropriation bills.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

Prof. Baird, of the Smithsonian Institution, has made arrangements with Indian Agents to have thirty Indian families come to the Centennial. A reservation has been prepared for them adjoining the Centennial grounds in a tract of five acres. The families comprise 200 people, and represent about thirty tribes. The Smithsonian intends to make application to Congress for the necessary funds to defray the expense of this delegation. The Centennial managers decline to defray the expenses out of the general fund.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

There is a prospect of a lively time on the frontier in the course of a few weeks. The Associated Press Agent at Omaha says he has official authority for the statement that the Sioux, Cheyennes, and Arapahos have been and are yet making extensive preparations for an outbreak.

They have been purchasing large quantities of ammunition and arms wherever they could get them, going as far south as the Indian Territory for this purpose. Most of the warriors have left the agencies, and a descent on the frontier settlements may be looked for at any time. Advices from Washington are to the effect that the War Department is making arrangements to proceed against Sitting Bull, who is one of the troublesome chiefs.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

We are glad to learn that Mr. Franklin's bill to open the Indian Territory to settlers is being favorably considered by a large numberwe believe a majorityof the lower house. The bill should pass, and that too, at an early day. Mr. W. B. Clark, living below Wheelock, C. N., called at the Star office this week and exhibited a fine specimen of silver ore which was taken from a rich lode located in the Choctaw Nation. Caddo Star.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

It is said of Cyrus Beade, the new agent of the Osages, that after taking charge last Monday, his first duty was to marry a half breed couple who just dropped in as the new agent assumed the robes. Beade turned to the old agent, Gibson, and said he did not propose to commence business there, so he would resign long enough for Gibson to tie the knot for the waiting bride and groom. Courier.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

The band honored Hermann last night.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

A slight snow storm prevailed on Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

GEESE almost live on the green wheat fields.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

SCHOOL will be continued four or five weeks yet.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

BOUNTIFUL rain Monday morning. Just what was needed.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

NECK-TIE SOCIAL at the Central Avenue this evening. Go and get a neck tie.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

MR. GILSTRAP has purchased the south half of Chaplin's farm, adjoining town.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

The Oxford mill has begun to grind wheat. It will prove a good thing for the town.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

REV. WINGAR was unable to attend the M. E. Conference at Emporia, owing to poor health.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

HON. W. P. HACKNEY and wife will accompany the Kansas Legislators to Pueblo, Colorado.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

We acknowledge the favors of Hon. W. P. Hackney, by sending late public documents.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

MAJOR SLEETH is confined to his duties at the Cowley County Bank as Vice President.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

Some parties from Wenona, Ill., came in last week, and will make a permanent residence here.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

MR. FRANKLIN, a friend of Rudolph Hoffmaster, arrived last week. He expects to open a blacksmith shop.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

BORN. On Friday evening, to Mr. and Mrs. Dr. Holland, a son. Weight 7-1/2 pounds. The Doctor is progressing.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

OXFORD is wide awake to her railroad interests, and wants the extension of the A., T. & S. F. down the Arkansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

Our merchants are advocating the cash principle, believing it will be best for themselves, as well as the public.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. Wingar Sunday morning, March 6th, a girl. Dr. Hughes was master of ceremonies. Weightstandard.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

MR. TISDALE, one of the proprietors of the Southwestern Stage Company, and Bi Terrell, the Route Agent, were in town yesterday.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

The child burned to death on Grouse Creek, last week, had its clothes take fire while the children were burning grass and corn stalks.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

A gentleman from Colorado stopped at this place who knew Jones $65 worth. He had defrauded him to that amount in a business transaction.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

MARRIED. On last Sunday evening, by Judge Gans, Mr. Alfred Felton and Miss Belle Chancey. Hoop-a-la! Things are getting lively.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

W. H. WALKER is up to the times, and comes out with the name of Centennial Livery for his popular stable. He is on the trade. Try him.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

Last Monday evening was the time for the regular meeting of the Council. Owing to other matters, they did not meet until Tuesday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

A horse belonging to Mr. Mericle staggered on to the sidewalk, Sunday, and finally dropped down in the road and died. Old age and blind staggers was the cause.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

S. S. MAJOR has charge of the City Hotel at Winfield, and invites the public to call. Sid has many friends who will be glad to enjoy his hospitality once more.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

MARRIED. On Sunday evening, March 5th, at the M. E. Church, by the Rev. J. Wingar, MR. HERMANN GODEHARD and MISS JENNIE GOODNIGHT, both of this place. Our congratulations go with the happy couple. Mr. Godehard is an old-time resident of this place, who has endured the trials and tribulations of bachelorhood for many a year, and is deserving of the repose, peace, and good fortune he has so lately engaged in. His fair bride has always been held in the highest esteem, and acknowledged an example of industry. "May the smile of the Great Spirit, which, in the view of the poor Indian, is reflected upon the waters, ever be reflected by their happiness and prosperity."

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.


A gentleman by the name of Reynolds, from Wyandotte, Kansas, came down last week and took old Mr. Sweet back with him, to provide for him a home and place of comfort in his old age. Mr. Sweet has been living for the past three years in an open log house, in a remote place up the Arkansas, and in almost a destitute condition. At one time he was one of the prominent men of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and counted his money by the thousands of dollars. During his prosperity he favored Mr. Reynolds, who did not forget it, and now comes to his relief in a time of distress.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

The two marriages announced by us to take place in a week were Uncle Tommy Henderson and Herman Godehard. Both came off on time. Another one is to take place within the coming two weeks. Woman is the Mistress of Arts, who robs the bachelor of his degree, and forces him to study philosophy by means ofcertain lectures. We admire them for their beauty, respect them for their intelligence, adore them for their good qualities, and love them because we can't help it.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.


The first lecture of "The People's Lecture Course" will be delivered at the schoolhouse, in this city, by the Rev. S. B. Fleming, next Monday evening, March 13, at 7 o'clock. Subject, "The Education Demanded by the Times." The proceeds of these lectures will be given to the school bell fund. The topics will be of interest, and all are invited. Admission, 25 cents; students, 10 cents.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

The panorama man did not seem to appreciate our local mention of his show last week, and came into the office to inquire "Who wrote that piece?" We told him "We couldn't tell a liewe did it with our little Faber," whereupon he waxed worthy and intimated he had a notion to enter into a series of calisthenics. He became pacified, however, on being shown an iron maul, and postponed the exercises, greatly to the satisfaction of ourselves.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

CALLED. Messrs. Betts and Gardner, merchants of Eldorado, called on us last week, while stopping a few hours at the City Hotel. They were taking a look at the country, and enjoyed the trip very much. It was a little rough on Mr. Gardner, however, when one of our citizens took film for the tin-lantern show man.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.


Monday, April 3rd, an election of city officers will be held to fill the following positions: One Mayor, five Councilmen, and one Police Judge. The Mayor and Council will then appoint a Clerk, a Street Commissioner, and a City Marshal, if deemed necessary.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.


Mrs. Bird goes to Iowa next week.

Mrs. Williams expects to go soon.

Merchants go East soon.

Get ready for the Centennial.

Hard freeze Monday evening.

Fishing is growing in favor.

Plant your onions.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

MR. A. N. DEMING has removed from Winfield to Wichita, to take charge of the Douglass Avenue Hotel. Mr. Deming's reputation as a landlord has been established in the Southwest, and all its traveling men expect to make it their home while in the city.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

MARRIED. On Tuesday evening, February 29, at Winfield, by Probate Judge Gans, Mr. T. H. Henderson and Mrs. McMasters, both of this county.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

Notice to Lumbermen.

Sealed bids will be received by W. D. Mowry, Township Clerk of Creswell Township, at Arkansas City, until April 10th, 1876, at 3 o'clock p.m., for (3,000) three thousand feet of two-inch elm plank, ten feet long; said plank to be furnished at the Arkansas River bridge, near Arkansas City, by the 1st day of May, 1876.

By order of Township Board of Creswell Township.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.

Mrs. Elkin, who lives on Sand Creek, Sedgwick County, has killed upwards of thirty skunks. The business is quite lucrative.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.




SADDLE HORSES, DRIVING TEAMS, AND CARRIAGES Promptly furnished on short notice. Hay, Corn and Feed for Sale, with corral for cattle attached to the barn.

If you want to buy, sell, or trade horses, mules, hogs, buggies, etc., give him a call.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 8, 1876.



Does a General Banking Business.


Loans Money on Real Estate Security


In the Savings Department of the Bank there will be received Sums as low as One Dollar, upon which will be paid Seven percent interest.










Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876. Front Page.

From the Spirit of Kansas.

Although not a Granger, I venture to drop you a line from "The Great Southwest." There is little to write about except the weather and crops. In the first place, our weather is all that could be desiredwarm and pleasant. There has been but one day since Christmas that a man could not work out of doors in his shirt sleeves. In fact, carpenters and masons keep pecking away as though it was the month of September, and in all directions of our county you may see farmers plowing away as if it was in the early fall or spring. I am informed several have sown wheat and rye in the past month. The wheat that was sown in the proper season in the fall is looking remarkably well, and the acreage sown is at least a third more this fall than last.

While everything seems dull and but little going on here on the border, we have "peace and plenty." Crops of all kinds were so abundant the past year that we have no suffering for something to eat. Corn is plentiful, and selling very low, but not quite so low as a little north of us. Stock looks in fine condition. Still, this country lacks a good deal of being what it might be with a little industry, thrift, and economy.

As I ride over the country and see the large fields of wheat and corn, miles of hedge fence; neat and comfortable farm houses dotting almost every quarter section; neat little frame houses in all directions, painted white, with three windows on each side and a door in the end, with the ground tramped all around as though it was a base ball groundit don't require a great stretch of imagination to tell you what such places are used for.

Although I have lived now twenty-six years on the border, and have witnessed the first settlement of this great State, when I look around me and see the wonderful development and great improvement in this section of our State, I am absolutely astonished; and to an Eastern man it is incomprehensive how so much could be accomplished in so short a time. Cowley County, you are aware, was only organized in 1870.

Previous to that time it was an Indian reservation. Now we have over 10,000 inhabitants; 120 organized school districts, and some 90 good schoolhouses, valued at over $100,000. The one in this city alone cost over $10,000. But then what a country. We have 1,122 sections, or square milesover 716,000 acres, and scarcely a waste acre in the county.

Our county is well wateredthe Arkansas River running the entire length of the western portion; the Walnut and its branches running from north to south, almost through the center of the county, making a junction with the Arkansas at Arkansas City, and forming what is known as the famous Walnut Valley; Grouse Creek and its tributaries running the entire length of the county, from the northeast to the southwest, where it empties into the Arkansas, a few miles east of Arkansas City. The Arkansas River, below the junction of the Walnut and Grouse, is now a considerable stream, with at least twice the volume of water that is in the Kaw, and were it not for the impediment of the Indian Nation, through which it passes, would be navigable for steamboats of light draught seven or eight months in the year, between this place and Fort Smith.

As another evidence of our growth and prosperity as a five-year-old county, I will state what I believe to be true, from the best information I can getthat for the past five months there have been shipped from Cowley County, on an average, twenty wagon loads of wheat per day, averaging thirty-five bushels to the loadmaking in all over 107,000 bushels of wheat. I have counted as many as sixty loads per day between this place and Wichita. Some 2,000 bushels of wheat were shipped from our town in one day by Houghton & McLaughlin.

As another evidence of the prosperity of our farmers along the line, one firm in this cityChannell & Haywood (and they are not Grange agents, either)sold during the past summer and fall 25 wagons, 85 plows, 42 reapers and mowers, 45 cultivators, 3 threshing machines, 10 wheat drills, 6 seeders, 15 sulky rakes, 2 sorghum mills, 10 fanning mills, besides a large number of small farming implements. It is no uncommon sight to see forty or fifty farm wagons in our town in a day.

And every once in awhile, our merchants send large amounts of flour into the Indian Nation to feed the noble red man and his interesting family. In one week, Channell & Haywood, the firm above alluded to, sent over 20,000 pounds of flour to the Sac & Foxes. Newman & Co., the same week sent 25,000 pounds on an 800,000 pound contract with the Osages.

But, notwithstanding these large exports of wheat and flour, our people are not happy. They want a railroad, and at the least mention of the words "railroad meeting," the people flock together to see and hear what is going on.

A few weeks ago we had one of the most enthusiastic railroad meetings at Winfield I have ever attended. There must have been 1,500 people on the ground. This city sent a delegation of about 100 of her best citizens, accompanied by our famous silver cornet band.

The usual events of dying, marrying, and being born are still going on, and our city has its quota of each. As the two latter are gaining on the former, it necessitates the building of more houses, both public and private.

I notice preparations for quite a number of new dwellings to be put up this spring. O. P. Houghton, one of our leading merchants, has commenced hauling the brick and putting in the sills of his new residence. The Rev. S. B. Fleming is having a neat brick parsonage built that will be ready for occupation in a couple of months. Our grocery merchants, Page & Godehard, each contemplate building this spring. We hear of others who will need a house soon. Our Methodist brethren have contracted for a new church to be completed by the first of June.


Arkansas City, February 27.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876. Front Page.

The Black Hills.

Mr. Windom, (Rep., Minn.) in Congress, opposed the substitute. He said there were 1,200 or 2,000 persons now in the section known as the Black Hills. He believed the reports of gold there were well founded, and the Senate should not by this substitute compel those persons to leave that reservation.

Mr. Edmunds (Rep., Vt.) asked if they had any rights there.

Mr. Windom replied, technically no. He argued that the treaty with the Sioux Indians of 1868 had been violated by them, though the Government had faithfully complied with its part, and appropriated the million and a quarter annually for these Indians. At the end of the four years, the alternative was presented that the Government should continue to pay this million and a quarter or fight.

The Government had now tacitly given its consent to miners going to the Black Hills, as no efforts had been made during the last two months to keep them away.

He moved an amendment to the substitute providing that the provisions of this act shall not apply to that part of the Sioux reservation lying in and between the north and south forks of the Cheyenne River and east of the east line of Wyoming Territory. He said he was determined that the people of the United States should have the rights to go to the Black Hills and develop the wealth of that country.

Mr. Edmunds said if the Indians have violated the treaty, it was no excuse for any citizen of the United States going on their reservations, killing the Indians, and pocketing the gold. He argued that the gold hunters did not go to the Black Hills with the consent of the Government of the United States. On the contrary, the Government did all in its power to prevent them.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876. Front Page.

Springfield, Dakota, Feb. 24. Wagon trains of every description are constantly passing here, bound for the gold fields. The different parties as they pass have from two to twenty- five wagons each. One party camped in town last night, and one could see camp fires of three other trains on the prairie west of here. Another Springfield party will start at noon today, consisting of seven wagons and twenty men. In this party are some of the best businessmen of this town, and they have better teams and outfits generally than any who have yet left here. The party is jubilant, and will be in the Hills in a few days.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876. Front Page.

St. Louis, March 3. The Republican learns from a gentleman just arrived from Fort Sill, Indian Territory, that the developments of yesterday will create no surprise out there, because everybody at the post has for a long time been cognizant of the fact that the traders here were required to send heavy monthly contributions East, and they even urged, in order to enforce monthly collections from their patrons, the necessity for making those remittances, exclaiming that they were required to pay for the privileges they enjoyed. Lees & Reynolds, post traders at Camp Supply, make no secret of the fact that they hold their franchise as a thing purchased at large figures.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

The President has revoked the appointment of Evans as post trader at Fort Sill.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

APPOINTMENTS. The following appointments have been made by the M. E. Conference held at Emporia last week, for this vicinity.

Arkansas City: Rev. J. J. Wingar.

Hutchinson: Rev. B. C. Swarts.

Wichita: A. Buchner, J. T. Hanna, Jo McQuiston.

Belle Plaine: D. W. Cameron.

Winfield: J. W. Carnavel.

Wellington and Oxford: H. J. Walker.

The Winfield and Arkansas City circuits are to be supplied. Rev. Stine, formerly located at this place, is stationed at Marion Center.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

By a letter received from Col. H. I. Marvin, of Kansas City, who, in company with Mr. Hunt, rode over the route from Independence to this place, via Elk City, Longton, Lazette, Tisdale, and Winfield recently, we learn that he submitted his report to the L., L. & G. Company, and it was received most favorably. The approximate cost of the entire line, including masonry, grading, ties, bridges, without the rails or rolling stock, is $580,000. The road is a practical one, and would meet with more favor in the county than any other proposed line. We expect to hear further from them.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the April term A. D. 1876, of the District Court of Cowley, and have been placed on the Trial Docket in the following order.


State vs. A. H. Horneman [listed 3 times].

State vs. Enos Copple.

State vs. Wm. Thurman.

State vs. W. J. Keffer and Emma J. Hawkins.

State vs. J. L. Melvin.

State vs. John Doe.


E. S. Babcock Jr. vs. S. Phelan et al.

Edwin C. Manning vs. Will M. Allison.

Eph. Simpson vs. Geo. W. Gardenhire.

Geo. Warner vs. James Jordan.

Benj. G. Jones et al vs. A. T. Shenneman.

Jno. C. Hays vs. E. P. Kinne.

S. B. Sherman vs. B. H. Clover Adr.

Esther E. Fowler vs. John Brown et al.

David Thompson vs. E. B. Kager et al.

E. B. Weitzel vs. Joseph Smalley.

Robert Hudson vs. W. S. Voris.

A. V. Polk vs. A. J. McCollim.

Oliver Sparkman vs. Wm. and A. J. Thurman.

Harvey Olmstead vs. John Schwartes.

City of Winfield vs. S. Tarrant.

Jno. C. McMullen vs. Wm. M. Gray.

Elizabeth Sutton vs. B. H. Clover Adr.

A. J. Kimmell vs. David Thompson et al.

Francis Black vs. Ed Patton et al.


W. S. Pane vs. M. A. and W. W. Andrews.

Martha A. Richmond vs. Chas. W. Richmond.

Robert Jordan vs. T. M. McFadden et al.

C. C. Black vs. A. A. Jackson et al.

Francis Black vs. A. A. Jackson Adr.

Frank Akers vs. W. B. Norman

Frank Akers vs. Frank Manny.

Arthur Graham vs. T. J. Ragland.

Robert T. Jordan vs. John H. Brown et al.

M. Bretton vs. A. F. Tryon et al.

R. C. Seehorn vs. H. Brotherton.

T. H. Pryor vs. John N. Dunn et al.

Herman Godehard vs. Thos. Callahan et al.

Todd & Royal vs. Chas. Keesler.

Michael Harkins vs. Geo. Sweet et al.

Patrick Harkins vs. Geo. O. Sweet et al.

J. D. Bosworth vs. Willis Hunt.

A. V. Polk vs. A. H. Horneman.

Philander Wilson vs. Board County Commissioners.

W. S. Cottingham vs. School District 19.


Henry T. Ford vs. N. Roberson.

T. M. Graham vs. Thos Bell et al.

Abel D. Bent vs. G. M. Rouse et al.

R. B. Waite vs. John Morris et al.

Nancy Constant vs. K. J. Wright et al.

Susannah Holmes vs. T. H. Johnson.

J. M. Harcourt vs. T. H. Johnson.

J. G. Ackerson vs. H. J. Page.

W. J. Keffer vs. Emma A. Keffer.

Emma J. Hawkins vs. E. C. Hakins.

W. R. Constant vs. H. H. Constant et al.

Stillwell & Bierce Mfg. Co. vs. J. C. Blanein et al.

Mary Estes vs. Noah B. Estes.

L. G. Culling vs. Celia Davis et al.

John Worthington vs. W. R. Lewis.

F. M. Crosby vs. A. N. Deming.

T. J. A. Flows vs. Geo. Bauer.

A. A. Newman vs. E. L. Chesney et al.

Ella Elton vs. J. C. Elton.

John Mentch Adr. vs. T. H. Johnson.


Sarah Requa vs. Joseph Requa.

Joseph Requa vs. Joseph Nickles.

J. C. McMullen vs. Julia A. and A. N. Deming.

Brettun Crapster vs. S. D. Williams.

E. C. Seward vs. S. Tucker et al.

J. C. Blandin vs. S. A. Smith et al.

Joseph Requa vs. Jacob Bihlwaier et al.

Joseph Requa vs. J. W. Thomas et al.

Sarah Brown vs. Peter Pixler et al.

T. E. Kirkley vs. Wm. Hallitt et al.

J. J. Smith vs. Sarah E. Smith.

Arthur Graham vs. John Swain et al.

Mary J. Triplett vs. W. B. Doty et al.

Bolton & Creswell Tps. vs. M. C. Baker et al.

Adaline Sackson vs. L. C. Shales et al.

N. F. Bartine vs. C. Akers et al.

J. D. Pryor vs. L. M. Brown et al.

John Rief vs. Gertrude Rief.

R. B. Waite vs. C. M. Sloan et al.

W. H. H. Maris vs. D. M. Purdy et al.


L. C. Norton vs. Geo. O. Sweet et al.

A. J. Ady vs. S. A. Ady.

Barclay Hockett vs. R. R. Turner.

Elizabeth Kemry vs. V. B. Tillson.

J. B. Splawn vs. R. L. Walker, Sheriff.

W. B. Turner vs. R. L. Walker, Sheriff.

J. W. Martin vs. Wm. & H. H. Martin.

J. W. Martin vs. Wm. Martin et al.

Samuel Hoyt vs. S. L. Fetterman.

S. L. Brettun vs. A. P. Forbes et al.

A. B. Johnson vs. C. T. Stewart.

David Thomas vs. Martin Stewart.

James Jenkins vs. A. N. Deming.

S. L. Brettun vs. Geo. D. Oaks et al.

W. S. Voris et al vs. C. T. Stewart.



Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

March 13, 1876.

The present wheat crop looks remarkably well, though the cold snap of last week had a tendency to stop its growth for the present.

Our farmers are all busily engaged in plowing and preparing for planting.

We expect an extensive area of prairie will be broken this summer, as J. L. Hon, E. Chapin, W. Hawkins, and W. G. Holland have already commenced to turn the sod.

Mr. Frank Chapin has organized, and is successfully teaching a singing school in the Holland schoolhouse. Mr. Chapin is a well qualified and an experienced teacher, and we therefore expect nothing but complete success.

Capt. Nipp has moved from his farm on the Walnut to Creswell Township, thereby depriving our township of one of her best citizens. He thinks some of going to the Black Hills.

The dance which was to be given at Mr. Seely's on the 11th inst. was postponed for the lack of material.

The absence of Rev. Wingar and other ministers from the Holland schoolhouse has caused many of us to stay at home, having no place to go on the Sabbath.

C. C. H.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.


There will be an examination of teachers, desiring certificates, held at the County Superintendent's office, in Winfield, Friday, March 17th.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.


There will be a teachers examination held at Winfield, Friday and Saturday, April 7th and 8th. All teachers desiring certificates to teach in the county of Cowley will be present.


County Supt.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

ARKANSAS CITY, March 13, 1876

Adjourned regular meeting.

Present, S. P. Channell, Mayor; J. H. Sherburne, H. Godehard, and I. H. Bonsall, Councilmen.

Report of Finance Committee, on report of Treasurer, received and accepted, and Treasurer's report found correct, was, on motion, accepted. Moved and seconded that an ordinance be passed to pay for printing 2,500 circulars ordered by previous meeting; also to appropriate money to pay E. B. Kager for services as city attorney in adjusting back taxes on lots deeded to the city by the Town Company; also an ordinance for general purposes. Carried by unanimous vote. S. P. Channell, Mayor, recommended W. J. Gray for City Marshal. Moved by J. H. Sherburne, seconded by H. Godehard, that he be confirmed on condition that he serve as Marshal without salary further than the fees of the office; carried by unanimous vote. Moved and seconded to adjourn, carried.

S. P. CHANNELL, Mayor.


City Clerk, attest.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

The following marriage licenses were issued by the Probate Judge during the month of February.

W. M. Copeland - M. C. Kizer.

S. B. Elkins - Ida E. Moor.

John Stauffer - Ruth Burnett.

T. C. Robinson - Theodosia Williams.

James Rankin - Mary E. Fisher.

H. Godehard - Jane Goodnight.

T. H. Henderson - Hannah McMasters.

A. D. Felton - Sarah J. Chaney.

G. J. Anderson - Mary E. Martin.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876..

From the Kansas State Agricultural Report of 1875.

Organized in 1870. Named in honor of Mathew Cowley, First Lieut. of Co. I, Ninth Kansas Cavalry, who died in the service, August, 1864, at Little Rock, Arkansas. Square miles, 1,112. Population to square mile, 8.06. Population in 1860, 158; in 1870, 1,170; increase in ten years, 1,017; population in 1875, 8,963: increase in five years, 7,788. Increase in fifteen years, 8,805.





OMNIA 188 [?]



















NATIVITY: Born in the United States, 8,550; in Germany, 91; in Ireland, 59; in England and Wales, 75; in Scotland, 29; in Sweden, Norway and Denmark, 22; in France, 8; in North of Europe, 2; in Italy, 4; in South of Europe, 8; in British America, 119; in countries not specified, 5.

SEX: Males, 4,839; females, 4, 124.










IOWA 1,150
















OHIO 492


















OCCUPATION. There are 1,969, or 82.1 percent, engaged in agriculture; 176, or 7.3 percent, in professional and personal service; 84, or 8.5 percent in trade and transportation; 169, or 7 percent, in manufactures and mining.

COUNTY SEAT. Winfield, the county seat is 144 miles in an air line from Topeka, in a southwesterly direction.

FACE OF THE COUNTRY. Bottom lands, 33 percent; upland, 6 percent; forest 6 percent; prairie, 55 percent.

Average width of bottoms:

Arkansas River, five miles.

Walnut River, two miles.

Grouse, Dutch, and Rock Creeks, one mile each.

General surface of the country west of the Walnut, smooth and level, with very slight undulations; the eastern part of the county is undulating, and along the streams bluffy.

TIMBER. Width of timber belt of the Arkansas, one-eighth of a mile. Varieties: cottonwood and sycamore. On the Walnut, one quarter mile. Varieties: walnut, oak, and hackberry. On Grouse Creek, one quarter-mile. On Timber and Rock Creeks, one-eighth of a mile. Varieties: walnut, oak, and hackberry.


Arkansas River, running southeast; principal tributaries, Walnut and Grouse, running south.

Tributaries of the Walnut are Rock, Dutch, and Timber creeks; direction, southwest.

Tributary to Grouse, Silver Creek; direction, southeast.

The county is well supplied with springs. Good well water, east of Walnut, 15 to 25 feet; west of Walnut, 15 to 40 feet.

COAL. Coal is stated to have been found in the southeastern part of the county, but none has been developed.

BUILDING STONE, ETC. East of the Arkansas, inexhaustible quantities of best quality magnesia limestone are found.

RAILROAD CONNECTIONS. No railroad yet constructed.


Acres in the county, 718,080.

Taxable acres, 338,923.

Under cultivation, 101,308.33.

Cultivated to taxable acres, 28.22 percent.

Increase of cultivated acres during the year, 32,180.33.

DAIRY PRODUCTS. Cheese manufactured in 1875, 300 lbs. Butter manufactured in 1870, 4,412 lbs.; in 1875, 161,082 lbs. Increase, 156,670 lbs.


Number of horses, in 1870, 791; in 1875, 3,786. Increase, 2,945.

Number of mules and asses in 1870, 60; in 1875, 569. Increase, 509.

Number of cattle in 1870, 1,918; in 1875, 11,876. Increase, 9,959.

Number of sheep in 1870, 1,130; in 1875, 1,726. Increase, 596.

Number of swine in 1870, 234; in 1875, 8,092. Increase, 7,858.


Number of dogs in the county, 1,477.

Number of sheep killed by dogs, 13.

Value of sheep killed by dogs, $30.29.

Number of sheep killed by wolves, 12.

Value of sheep killed by wolves, $27.96.

HORTICULTURE. Acres of nurseries, 255.18; orchards 1,795.12; vineyards, 21.68.

APICULTURE. Number of stands of bees, 14; pounds of honey, 130; wax, 10.


Stone, 13,909 rods; cost, $31,295.25.

Rail, 124,189 rods; cost, $176,969.32.

Board, 32,136 rods; cost, $53,924.40.

Wire, 17,000 rods; cost $12,750.00.

Hedge, 135,986 rods; cost $67,993.60

Total rods of fence, 323,220; total cost $342,031.97.

WATER POWERS. The Walnut furnishes good and reliable water power, except for a short period during the driest part of the season. Three mills are now supplied.


CRESWELL TOWNSHIP. Steam saw mill and two water power grist mills; capital not given.

SPRING CREEK TOWNSHIP. Steam lumber and grist mill; capital, $1,700.

WINFIELD TOWNSHIP. Steam saw mill; three water-power grist mills; capital, $14,500. One brewery.

LAZETTE TOWNSHIP. One grist and one saw mill; capital not given.

SILVERDALE TOWNSHIP. One saw and grist mill; capital not stated.


Arkansas City Bank, Arkansas City.

Cowley County Bank, Arkansas City.

Banking house of M. L. Reed, Winfield.

Winfield Bank of J. C. Fuller, Winfield.

The total amount of capital of these banks is $51,300.



Agricultural implements and wagons: 4.

Books, periodicals, and stationery: 1.

Boots and shoes: 1.

Clothing and tailoring: 1.

Dry goods: 1.

Drugs, oils, and paints: 9.

Furniture and upholstery: 3.

Groceries: 7.

Gunsmiths: 1.

Jewelry, clocks, watches, etc.: 3.

Lumber: 4.

Millinery: 5.

Merchandise, general country store: 13.

Saddles and harness: 4.

Sewing machines: 1.


There are four weekly papers.

1. Winfield Courier.

2. Winfield Plow and Anvil.

3. Cowley County Telegram, Winfield.

4. Arkansas City Traveler, Arkansas City.


Organized school districts: 108.

Schoolhouses: 58.

Value of school buildings and grounds, furniture and apparatus: $63,476.


Presbyterian: Organizations3. Membership 116, church edifice, 2. Valuation: $7,000.

Congregational: Organizations1. Membership 31, edifices 1, valuation $2,000.

Methodist: Organizations6. Membership 218, church edifices $2,500.

Catholic: Organizations2. Membership 200.

LIBRARIES. One public and 10 private libraries, aggregating 4,631 volumes, are reported in six townships of the 22 in the county.

MISCELLANEOUS. Produce of gardens marketed, $435.10; poultry and eggs sold, $2,613. Number of pounds of wool produced, 4,337.

Vacant lands are worth from $1.50 to $6.00 per acre.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.




Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

The County Commissioners meet April 3rd.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

The Central Avenue is doing a rushing business now.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

GRANDPAP STEELE, of Grouse Creek, has removed to Linn County.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

NINE boarders from the City Hotel went to the Central Avenue, last Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

BILLY GRAY is City Marshal. Keep up your hogs and cows, or they will be "pounded."

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

COURT begins the first Monday in April in this county. There will be no Grand Jury at this term.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

A building to be used as a blacksmith's shop is to be erected opposite L. C. Wood's building, on Summit street.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

CALLED. John Pryor and Mr. Baldwin, accompanied with Miss May Deming and Miss Greenlee, spent last Sunday at this place.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

A gun went off while in the hands of a man on the street, the other day, and the ball just missed a horse that was standing close by.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

MR. PARKER, of Boston, Mass., has been stopping at the Central Avenue for several weeks, looking out a location for himself and thirteen others from Boston.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

It cost Houghton & McLaughlin about ten dollars, last week, to tell the people they did not intend to trust any more, and now they propose to do as they have said.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

The election of city officers takes place on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in April. The township officers are elected at the general election in November.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

OLD Folks' Concert Saturday evening. Admission, 25 cents; children, 15 cents. Tickets for sale at E. D. Eddy's and the Post Office. Concert begins at 7 o'clock, at the First Church.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.


Russell Baird and Robert Baird, both brothers of Thomas Baird, arrived last week from Canada. We are glad to see Russell back again, bringing his brother with him.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

RETURNED. Wm. Berkey and S. C. Wintin returned last Saturday. Mr. Berkey has been visiting California, and Mr. Winton, Colorado. They are satisfied that Southern Kansas is good enough.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

FURNITURE. L. McLaughlin has the largest stock of furniture in Cowley County, and proposes to sell at bottom rates. Call in and see the new styles of parlor furniture and the old style kitchen chairs.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

A neck-tie festival was held in School District No. 31 on last Wednesday. It was well attended, and all present had a good time. The proceeds, which amounted to $23.10, were presented to Rev. Arthur E. Lewis.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

PROF. T. A. WILKINSON called last week. The trouble he had with his partner at Wichita has been settled for the present. Gross rumors were afloat, as usual, on the matter, which we are glad to inform our readers were not true.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

PAWNEE squaw was circulating a petition for "bread or ten cents," yesterday, stating that "he had served as a soldier." Some New Englander evidently wrote the petition, without knowing the sex of the party he was accommodating.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

REV. J. WINGAR has been re-assigned to this place for another year, by the M. E. Conference, and Rev. B. C. Swarts to Hutchinson, Kansas. We congratulate our Methodist brethren on securing Rev. Wingar again, and regret that Rev. Swarts has been placed at so great a distance.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

CALENDAR for the week: Wednesday evening, church choir meets; Thursday evening, prayer meeting; Friday evening, rehearsal of O. F. C.; Saturday evening, Old Folks' Concert; Sunday eve., preaching at First Church; Monday eve., Hoyt's violin class, private; Tuesday eve., Young People's Christian Association.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

JEWELRY. On the second page of this issue we publish the advertisement of J. W. Scott, Jeweler, of Cadiz, Ohio. The store is an old one, and the proprietor a gentleman of fifty years' experience. We have no hesitation in recommending the house, and can guarantee satisfaction. They make the sale of fine watches a specialty, and keep all styles of jewelry, watches, clocks, plated and solid wares, musical instruments, etc. Correspondence by mail solicited. Goods mailed to any address.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.


The concert, so long looked for, will be given by the choir of the First Presbyterian Church, on Saturday evening, March 19. The musicians and ushers will appear in full costume of ye anciente dayes of Seventy-Six. An interesting programme may be expected. The following characters will be presented: Mrs. John Hancock, Mrs. John Jay, Mrs. Alexander Hamilton, Lady Washington, Widow Bedotte, General Washington, William Penn, Gen. Wayne, Gen. Ethan Allen, Gov. Winthrop (Massachusetts), Gov. Morris. All are cordially invited. Admission down to 25 cents; children, 15 cents.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

MARRIED. On the 9th day of March, 1876, at the residence of B. F. Martin, in Cowley County, Kansas, by Adam Walck, Esq., Mr. G. F. Anderson, of Butler County, to Miss Mary E. Martin. And at the same time and place, Mr. H. D. Olmstead to Mrs. Jennie Himer, of Butler County, Kansas. Both parties have our best wishes for their happiness and future welfare.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

RETIRED. Mr. Mantor retired from the duties of landlord of the City Hotel, last Monday, to the enjoyment of private life. During the year's time he had control of the hotel, he made many friends, and established a good reputation for the house. The Central Avenue is now the only regular hotel in this place, as the City will be rented to private families.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

BAD CUT. A son of Mr. Williams, living in Beaver Township, cut his foot with an ax while cutting wood, from the little toe to the center of his foot, and now lies on his back threatened with lock-jaw. The wound did not bleed a spoonful, although an artery was severed, owing to its being cauterized. It will evidently cripple him for life.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

The young people's prayer meeting closed without holding service last night. Considerable time has been required, in one way and another, and church matters are not as well attended to as heretofore. Let's have a change in the programme for awhile: say euchre or seven-up parties. Anything for a change.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

MICHIGAN CIDER, the pure apple juice, right from the cider press, at the City Bakery, for the small pittance of five cents per glass. Also, delicious oranges and lemons, all the way from Messina, for 75 cents per dozen. Apples, ditto.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

DAVE LEWIS writes from the Black Hills that the IndiansSiouxattacked Custer City, killing one man and driving off all the stock.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

The Ladies' Society of the M. E. Church will meet at the Parsonage, Thursday afternoon, at 2 o'clock.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

Rev. Lewis, of the M. E. Church, preached to a good audience in Davis' Hall last night.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

MEASLES. A family of newcomers in town have the measles.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

RAIN. More rain today. The wheat crop is almost certain.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

Hon. W. P. Hackney is serving out his third term, and I predict will come to the Senate next winter. He is one of the rising young men of the Southwest, an able lawyer, a perfectly independent man, and always faithful and loyal to his constituency as well as the State at large. There are many others I would like to shove my faber at in the Southwest, but the circumstances are not auspicious. Parson's Sun.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

NOTICE is hereby given that an election will be held at I. H. Bonsall's photograph gallery, in the City of Arkansas City, on Monday, the 3rd day of April, A. D. 1876, for the election of the following city officers, to-wit: One Mayor, five Councilmen, one Police Judge.

S. P. CHANNELL, Mayor.

I. H. BONSALL, City Clerk.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

Publication Notice.

D. J. Coburn vs. William Steel.

Before Timothy McIntire, Justice of the Peace of Creswell Township, Cowley County, Kansas.

THE defendant will take notice that on the 14th day of March, 1876, Timothy McIntire, Justice of the Peace, issued an order of attachment for the sum of one hundred and twelve dollars and sixteen cents ($112.16); that said cause will be heard on the 14th day of April, A. D. 1876, at 9 o'clock a.m.

Dated, March 14, 1876.

D. J. COBURN, Plaintiff.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

FOUND. A common sized door key.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

LOST. A cable chain between Arkansas City and Mr. Godfrey's. The finder will be paid by returning it to Mr. E. J. Bowers.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

The Estey Organ Takes the Lead. W. D. MOWRY, Agent, Arkansas City, Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 15, 1876.

I have a Champion Reaper and Mower I will trade for a team. NOAH McCOY.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876. Front Page.

A Trip Up the Arkansas.

Friend Scott:

Last Wednesday, March 8, I had a pleasant trip up the Arkansas Valley to Val Verdi Township, Sumner County, business, of course, being the principal object I had in view. On my journey up the valley, I noticed the farmers were all busy preparing the ground for spring crops. Mr. Dwyer, who resides two miles south of Thomasville, refused $2,000 for his farm last week, which is proof conclusive that he is not tired of Kansas. He has one of the best farms in Cowley County, located near the Granger mill site, on Evans Creek. This is the best location for water power in the southwest. Parties wishing to build a large grist mill where they can obtain plenty of water the year round should not fail to visit this place. It is rumored that the Grangers have given up the notion of building for the present.

At Thomasville I met Mr. Nesmith turning over the sod. He intends breaking 160 acres this summer, and sow to wheat in the fall. At this point we have a splendid view of the surrounding country. Six miles further up the river I crossed to the west side of the stream, at a place known as Buffington ford. At this point we enter Val Verdi Township, Sumner County. It is directly west of Beaver Township, in Cowley; is six miles square, and is taxed a lower percent on the dollar, than any other township in Sumner. The land is all tillable, composed one-half of bottom and one-half upland, of the very best quality. One-half mile to the right from the ford we find the farm and residence of Mr. W. H. Gasaway, a farmer by occupation, a Democrat in politics, and a reader of the TRAVELER. He has a farm here on the banks of the Arkansas of 215 acres, 130 under cultivation. Mr. Gasaway came to this State from Logan County, Illinois, one year ago this spring. He is well pleased with his new home, and thinks we will have a railroad soon. Everything he has around him appears to be in a flourishing condition, even to the Berkshire pigs and Shepherd dog pups, of which he has a goodly number.

Mr. Yager, living half a mile to the south of Gasaway, is a man of means. He has 900 acres in the township, farmed by himself and three sons. He also loans money at 12 percent interest: more generous than most of the monied men in this country.

Elder Gay is holding forth at the Jenkins schoolhouse, and a goodly number have turned to the Lord within the past week. Yours in haste,



Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

From Caldwell.

CALDWELL, KAS., March 11, 1876.

Editor Traveler:

I do not think there is a better chance for a poor man to make a raise to be found, not only in this country, but in the world, than can be found in Sumner County, Kansas. When we consider the self-denying perseverance of New England men who toil among the hemlock hills year after year in order to barely procure a livelihood, and after a half century of hard labor and strict economy die comparatively poor men, we can form no other conclusion than that Eastern people in general are desperately ignorant of this great Western country. The conclusion thus formed is fully sustained by experience.

In the spring of 1870, I put about two weeks hard labor on one acre of land in Aroostock County, Maine, the trees had been cut down one or two years before, which was about one week's work, making 18 days hard work, and then did not raise as much crop, when valued at a cash price, as is often raised in Sumner County on the same amount of ground the first year after it is broken up.

It costs from $20.00 to $50.00 per acre to clear land in Maine, and even then it is covered with stumps and stone so as to hinder the operation of any kind of machinery for several years.

Before coming to Kansas I heard people talk as though they thought it required five yoke of oxen at least to break prairie; in fact, I thought so myself before coming to this country, but I was very agreeably surprised to find that one good team of oxen, horses, or mules could break from one to ten acres per day without difficulty. I have a small team of horses, weighing about 800 lbs. each, which it does not seem to worry to pull a 12 inch breaking plow all day.

Two miles from Caldwell (our little village of about one hundred inhabitants), are several quarter sections of the very best kind of land, which can be preempted at $1.25 per acre paid in one year after filing. We have in our little town a good schoolhouse, a church organization of 25 members, and our citizens are very kind, accommodating people. There is some vacant land at a distance of a mile from our schoolhouse, where we have an excellent school.

Caldwell has been a very rough place on account of its being located on the great Texas cattle trail, but at the present time I think it will compare favorably with any other town of the same size in the West. J. B. R.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876. Front Page.

An Interesting Letter from Congressman Brown.

[From the Winfield Courier.]

The following private letter from our Congressman contains so many items of interest that we are constrained to give it to our readers. The idea of graduating the Osage lands and finally throwing them open to private purchasers is an excellent one. It would enable parties to purchase large tracts of grazing lands to the west of us that are of no value for agricultural purposes. We hope that our readers will feel at liberty to send us their opinions or will confer with Judge Brown direct.


WASHINGTON, D. C. Feb. 28, 1876.

DEAR COL.: I have been thinking whether it was not possible for some legislation in reference to the Osage reservation, in order in the first place to have actual settlers on the land prove up and get their titles within a reasonable time, and to reduce the price of all the refuse land east and west of the Arkansas River say to $1.00 per acre from and after Jan. 1st, 1877; 75 cents per acre from and after Jan. 1st, 1878, and to 50 cents from and after Jan. 1st, 1879, and all remaining on Jan. 1st, 1880, to be opened for sale at the latter price to all parties wishing to purchase. A provision, perhaps, that those on the lands have till 1877 to prove up, which in case we have a good crop would be as much as they would need. The idea is not very well developed even in my own mind, but I have a desire to see the western end of the reserve settled as the eastern end already is, and to have the portions on the Eastern end that are rugged and broken and have so far remained unsold, disposed of at a lower rate, and so made taxable, and compelled to brave its proportion of the public burdens.

Have you any suggestions to make in reference to the matter? How much land is today unclaimed in Cowley Co.? Any information we receive will be of importance. The bill for the sale of the Cherokee strip to actual settlers is before the Committee on Public lands. We hope to get it through. The only question in the case is whether the agents of the Cherokees now here are inclined favorably to the measure; if they are, there is no danger; if not, it will be hard to pass. We are consulting with them, they have copies of the bill and promise to give their opinion shortly. They seem favorable at present.

In reference to right of way through the Territory. I have introduced no bill because I have not found any corporation asking it. And you well know a general shot in such a case is pure buncomb, and instead of considering roads from the mouth of the Walnut to Western Texas and down the Arkansas Valley as merely quixotic schemes, I am in dead earnest, and am consulting with all men I meet from Texas and Arkansas and interesting them as far as possible in the matter. * * * *

* * * Parties at Fort Smith are looking our way, and one gentleman informed me that the Little Rock & Fort Smith road is nearly completed to Ft. Smith, and the Co. will soon obtain in some way the right of way to Gibson, and will, if any inducements are offered, push further up the valley into Kansas.

Am favoring all measures in reference to civil courts in the Territory, and all that look to the eventual opening up of the Territory to settlement, and am ready to put in the entering wedge. My idea is that while in the first few months the opening of the Territory would seemingly be injurious to the State by drawing thither a large population already in Kansas who are looking that way, yet that eventually it will be of benefit. While yet being settled it will furnish a market for the surplus of the Southern portion of our State, and when once settled the demand for an outlet will cause railroads to be built there connecting with our system in Kansas, and thus we shall obtain our desired lines both to the Mississippi and the Gulf. Our Kansas matters are moving well in Congress, and those of local importance will pass where money is not involved and even there we have strong assistance. Think on the whole the drift is very favorable to the Republicans and that unless we blunder badly, we shall elect the next President, and it now looks as if his name would be Blaine.

Truly Yours,



Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876. Front Page.

The St. Louis Times has an article in regard to one A. J. Brown, a late confidential clerk at Fort Sill, who has just been arrested in St. Louis, and tells something more about Belknap's sutler contracts.

The Times' interviewer says:

He went to Cheyenne Agency, and there took charge of the sutler store of that post and conducted the business for Evans & Smith. He states that his employers paid Belknap $5,000 annually for the Cheyenne post; that he learned this fact from Evans himself.

Mr. Brown says that Evans made no secret of the fact that he had to purchase his sutlerships; that he frequently spoke of it among his employees and


for imposing such heavy terms as to take all the profits. About ten years and a half ago, Evans went to Washington to obtain a reduction of the assessments levied upon him by the Belknap party. He was unsuccessful, and on his return, while at Cheyenne, he gave vent to his indignation by roundly cursing Belknap and Marsh. Mr. Brown says that this circum stance impressed itself upon his mind because Evans was not in the habit of swearing.

The report asked Mr. Brown if Evans alluded to Belknap personally or to any conversation with him.


Brown: "Yes, he referred to conversations with Belknap in regard to Fort Sill and Cheyenne Agency." Evans had endeavored to induce Belknap to reduce the terms by representing to him that there were no profits left to his firm. He said he was paying $10,000 yearly for the Fort Sill post and $5,000 for Cheyenne. At Cheyenne Evans and Smith had the sutlership and Indian trade agency; but they kept one store from which they supplied the soldiers and the Indians.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876. Front Page.

Attempted Assassination.

An ordinary looking man about 35 years old came into Kansas City on the Fort Scott train from Southern Kansas last week. He looked in bad health, and on leaving the care of the depot, inquired the way to the Sisters' Hospital. Seeing that something was the matter, the Times made an investigation and obtained the following information in regard to the man.

His name was George Brown, and for the past few months he has been employed as herder for a large cattle dealer down in the Indian Territory, below Baxter Springs. About two weeks since, on a dismal rainy afternoon, as he was on his way from camp to Baxter Springs, he was shot from his horse by a cowardly assassin and left on the prairie for dead. He remained in an unconscious condition until about noon of the next day. On coming to his senses he found he had been shot through the right lung, the bullet coming out of the back. He stopped the flow as best he could, and started on foot for the nearest house, some nine miles away. He was not able to go far the first day, but late in the afternoon of the second arrived and was kindly taken care of by the "squatter." He rapidly regained his strength and at last was taken to Baxter Springs. He then heard of the Sisters' Hospital in Scriptown, and purchasing a ticket, went there as above described to be taken care of.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876. Front Page.

KANSAS CITY, MO., March 8. A special correspondent from the Black Hills, tele- graphs from Custer City on the 4th inst., via Fort Laramie, Wyoming, March 8, that a large party of mounted Indians made a sudden attack upon Custer, about one o'clock on the 4th inst., and succeeded in driving off all the loose horses that were grazing in the suburbs of the city. The Indians at the same time attacked an emigrant train at Pleasant Valley, nine miles below here. Every able bodied white man has been enrolled, and a party of sixty have just started in pursuit of the Indians, who have gone toward Red Cloud Agency. Charles Holt of Sioux City, was killed. A warm time is expected with the Indians now.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

Election of city officers in two weeks.

The Board of County Commissioners meet the first Monday in April, and will probably hold session during most of the week.

Cowley County has 108 organized school districts, and has built sixty-three school houses, valued at $63,476; estimating cost of grounds, furniture, etc.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

The Black Hills fever is growing. There are now 2,000 individuals in the gold country, and it is estimated that within the next two months the number will be swelled to 8,000.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.


The laws of 1876, passed during the last session of the Legislature, can now be obtained of F. P. Baker, of Topeka, Kansas, for 25 cents. Every attorney and Justice of the Peace should have the amended laws. We acknowledge the receipt of a sample copy.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

ENOUGH stock has been subscribed by the citizens of this place to purchase a half interest in a steamboat for the Arkansas River. Parties will be sent to make the purchase, soon. A number of propositions have been received, and if the first boat makes a successful trip, others will follow. Arkansas City is the head of navigation on the Arkansas.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

Government Lands.

It is a fact not generally known, even by the residents of this County, that one-half of the land in the entire County is yet owned by the Government, and can be purchased by making a settlement on it and paying $1.25 per acre.

In MAPLE Township there is one tract of 160 acres, one of 480 acres, and one of 820 acres.

NENESCAH Township, one tract of 320 acres, one of 340, and one of 480 acres. The last named tract is within one and one-half miles of a schoolhouse.

In VERNON Township, there is one tract in section No. 2 of 320 acres; three miles from a schoolhouse.

BEAVER has no vacant Government lands.

BOLTON has 160 acres in the northwest corner, one and one-half miles from a schoolhouse.

ROCK CREEK Township has one tract of 640 acres in Sec. No. 6, one tract of 80 and one of 40 acres in Sec. 12; one of 160 acres in Sec. 9, and other tracts, making equivalent to four sections.

WINFIELD Township has two sections in the northeast corner of the township, and two 160 acre tracts near the southeast corner.

PLEASANT VALLEY Township has three sections in the northeast corner and 160 acres near the center of the township.

CRESWELL Township has 320 acres on the east line of the township, and 160 acres one mile east of the Walnut.

RICHLAND Township is one half Government land, with Timber Creek running through it.

TISDALE Township has four and a half sections of Government lands, most of them within three miles of Tisdale.

LIBERTY Township is two-thirds Government land. Silver Creek runs through this township.

SILVERDALE is one-half Government land. Grouse and Silver Creeks run through this township: both well timbered.

OMNIA is three-fourths Government land. Land can be had at $1.25 per acre within one mile of the village of Baltimore.

SILVER CREEK Township is one-third Government lands.

SHERIDAN Township is about two-fifths Government land, with Silver Creek running through it.

SPRING CREEK Township has but few settlements in the northern part, and it is one- half Government land, a good portion of which is within a mile of a schoolhouse, and two miles of Maple City.

HARVEY Township is almost wholly owned by the Government.

WINDSOR Township is but about one-sixth settled, and it is a promising and desirable township to locate in.

DEXTER Township is settled about two-fifths, and enjoys good schools and the advantages of Grouse Creek.

CEDAR Township is half settled, the northern part being mostly vacant.

OTTER Township is settled about one-third. It lies in the southeastern part of the county.

This embraces each Township in the County, and the estimate of vacant lands is made from the State Agricultural Report for 1876.

Before a month all the land mentioned cannot be termed vacant, for as soon as the vacant tracts are made known, the hundreds of home seekers already in this county will hunt them out, and make a settlement on them. Our object is to let the facts be known. In the eastern part of this county there are thousands of acres of far better land, for $1.25 per acre, than many farms "back East" worth $100 per acre.

Let your friends know it, and have them come to Cowley instead of locating on railroad lands, held at five and ten dollars per acre.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

Mr. Atkins reported back the Senate amendments of the pension appropriation bill, which were concurred in.

Mr. Sparks, from the Committee on Indian Affairs, reported a substitute for the bill to transfer the Indian Bureau to the War Department, and asked that it be made the special order for Saturday next.

A long and somewhat heated discussion took place between the members of the Indian Committee and of the Military Committee as to which of the Committees had the most legitimate jurisdiction of the matter.

The bills of both committees were made the special order for next Thursday two weeks, the bill of the Indian Committee to have precedence over that of the Military Committee.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

The following is a list of jurors drawn for the April term of court: George W. Sharp, H. Holtby, W. W. Higgins, B. F. Wright, Isaac Towsley, James Kerr, A. H. Buckwalter, S. D. Groom, John Jones, J. A. McNown, Charles M. Peters, O. M. Ratts.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

The following are the appointments of the Wichita District M. E. Conference for the next year, held at Emporia last week.


Arkansas City: J. J. Wingar.

Arkansas City circuit: J. B. Herbert.

Winfield: J. W. Canavel.

Winfield circuit: To be supplied.

Dexter: R. R. Brady.

Lazette: J. W. Stewart.

Douglas: G. W. Harrison.

Wellington and Oxford: H. J. Walker.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

The Senate has passed a bill for the admission of New Mexico into the Union.

A new town has been laid out at the new lead diggings in Cherokee County called Leedsville.

A party of 400 men have organized at Philadelphia to start for the Black Hills early next month.

Rich gold mines have been discovered in the Big Horn and Owl Creek mountains, Wyoming Territory.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

W. W. W. arrived home last Thursday.

The recent freezes have damaged the peaches.

The Township trustees ought to be at their assessing now.

Fuller is harrowing and rolling his forty-acre wheat patch.

Troupe has called the Township trustees together March 27th.

Dr. Thompson, a valued reader of the COURIER, made us a visit last week.

Miller has sold his hardware store to a gentleman from Leavenworth.

Representative Hackney came home from Galveston last week.

The bottom has fallen out of those "two public wells in the center of Main street." Good.

From the mound north of town three thousand acres of wheat are visible to the naked eye.

The teachers and pupils of the public schools of Winfield are enjoying a week's vacation.

If the weather and roads are fair, a good delegation will attend the Centennial Concert at Arkansas City Saturday night.

Mr. Palmer, from Medicine Lodge, was in town Tuesday selling young cedar trees and wild currant bushes to our citizens.

That reported double wedding, at Arkansas City, wherein four of Winfield citizens are said to have been swept into the uncertain abyss of matrimony, is a canard.

T. A. Wilkinson and John Swain have each purchased a quarter of a block from the Winfield Town Association, and are erecting residences thereon, in the west part of town.

Mr. Senseney, of Nennescah Township, has a chicken that was hatched April 20th, 1875, which laid the eggs and hatched a brood of chickens therefrom on the 14th day of the following September. She was a proud mother at the tender age of four months and fifteen days. On the 26th of February she settled down upon a new lot of eggs. Her offspring began to lay at five months of age. This is something to "crow" over.

Two citizens of Richland Township are enjoying a queer result to a joke. One told the other that if he would carry a certain stone and lay it upon the wall of a house, then in construction, that he would give him a pony. To the surprise of the one who made the banter, the second party picked the stone up and delivered it upon the designated wall. Now the stone carrier wants the pony, and has brought suit to replevin it.

A daughter, aged five or six years, of S. W. Greer, who lives three miles south of town, on Monday, ate some concentrated lye. As soon as possible Dr. Headrick was called, who administered remedies that relieved the sufferer. The child is likely to recover. A good remedy in such cases is vinegar or oil. Vinegar will convert the lye into acetate of potash, and any of the oils will unite with it and form soap; and neither the acetate of potash nor soap will materially injure the stomach. The parents of children who are in the habit of eating lye should keep oil and vinegar handy.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

Cheyenne, W. T., March 17. On the evening of the 15th Mr. Fielding came into Fort Fetterman from the camp at old Fort Reno, having left there on the night of the 13th. He brought letters, etc., from the men of the command. On the 7th General Crook left the main camp at Fort Reno, taking a pack train and fifteen days' rations for the cavalry and struck out after some Indians known to be north of that place, since which date nothing has been heard from him. On the way to Reno his command was attacked several times by Indians. One man was wounded but is alive yet. An infantry man is also wounded. There were no other casualties.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

WE, the undersigned, citizens of Creswell Township, in Cowley County, residing in the vicinity of the road petitioned for, respectfully request your Honorable body to appoint viewers to locate and survey a County Road, as the law directs, on the following route, viz: beginning at the northeast corner of the southeast quarter of Section nineteen in Township thirty-four south of range four east, in Cowley County, Kansas, running thence west one-half mile on half section to the center of said section nineteen, and that the present County Road that is laid out and located as follows, to wit: beginning at said northwest quarter of said section nineteen, running thence south half a mile to the corners of sections nineteen, twenty, twenty-nine and thirty in said Township (34), thence west one-half mile to the southwest corner of the southeast quarter of said section nineteen (19), be vacated, set aside, and changed so as to run only on the half-mile line as first above described, the public convenience demanding it.


Principal Petitioner.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

Mr. Allison, from the Committee on Indian Affairs, in Congress reported with amendments, a bill providing for an agreement with the Sioux nation in regard to a portion of their reservation. Ordered printed and placed on the calendar of the afternoon session. It covers the Black Hills. The object is to open them to settlers.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

What constitutes a car load? is often asked.

In general, 20,000 pounds is a car load, or 70 barrels of salt, 70 of lime, 90 of flour, 60 of whiskey, 200 sacks of flour, 6 cords of wood, 18 to 20 head of cattle, 50 to 60 head of hogs, 90 to 105 head of sheep, 9,000 feet of solid boards, 17,000 feet of siding, 40,000 shingles, one-half less of hard lumber, and one-fourth less of green, one tenth less of joists, scantling and other large timber, 340 bushels of wheat, 460 of corn, 980 of oats, 400 of barley, 360 of flax seed, 360 of apples, 430 of Irish potatoes, 360 of sweet potatoes, 1,000 bushels of bran.

The foregoing may not be exactly correct, for the reason that railroads do not exactly agree in their rules and estimates, but it approximates so closely to the general average that shippers will find it a great convenience as a matter of reference.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.







































































































































Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

E. D. BOWEN is in Missouri.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

SCHOOL closes in two weeks.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

Eggs are plentiful at six cents per dozen.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

The City Council met again last Monday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

Next month several families will exchange places of abode.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

AMOS WALTON toasted his number thirteens at our stove last Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

The dry goods and grocery merchants have resolved not to trust any more.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

REV. SWARTS started to Hutchinson last week, to fulfill his first appointment.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

The peach crop promises to be only a partial success in the west this year.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

DR. ALEXANDER lectures for the benefit of the school bell fund next Monday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

A railroad company has been organized to build a railroad from Chanute to Winfield.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

The cattle drive from Texas this season amounts to about three hundred thousand head.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

South Bend Grange has a good library. A sensible plan, which should be generally followed.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

Several Grangers "passed over the plowed ground" lately at Bethel Grange, above Winfield.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.


Rev. Thompson is making an effort to introduce English sparrows in this section.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

M. C. BAKER has been stopping at this place for several days, looking over his old stamping ground.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

The driver of the mail coach got lost on Saturday night, but finally found his way. It was a fearful night.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

HARNESS. Mr. Newton received a fine lot of horse collars, harness, etc., last week, and some excellent ladies' and gents' saddles.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

If you want to later view a Kaw, Osage, or Pawnee Indian, come down to Arkansas City. You have the opportunity every day.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.


Jas. I. Mitchell has a new lot of ladies' saddles, of the latest make, and the celebrated Texan tree for gents.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.


L. P. WOODYARD will occupy the front window in the post office for awhile. Watches, clocks, and jewelry repaired to order.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

DR. LEONARD, of Arkansas City, has sold his place for $3,500, and is going to Florida.


The Doctor has not sold yet.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

The boys think of organizing a Centennial Club in town. Knee breeches and cocked hats will distinguish them from the common run of people.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.


We have received a letter from Mr. P. B. Arnold, of Lansing, Michigan, stating that thirteen Michigan families are about to locate in this vicinity.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

There will be a social given by the M. E. Society at the house of Mr. McMullen, on Wednesday evening, March 22. By order of the Secretary: All are cordially invited.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

The concert drew a full house. Any kind of a home entertainment is always well patronized. Let us have them frequently, and at a low price, so that all may attend.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

Hon. W. P. Hackney was in town last Monday as attorney in the case of Boner vs. Seaman. The case was brought before Judge McIntire. Judge Christian was on the defense.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

The statement we made that the M. E. Church was to be built of logs was incorrect. The frame work is to be of native lumber, but the siding, flooring, roofing, etc., of pine.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

TOES OFF. We learn that John Breene cut two of his toes off while cutting wood for Mrs. Kirtley, last Sunday. He was on his way to Cheyenne Agency with flour and had to stop on account of the snow.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

THE PAWNEES say: "Injun sell bow for one dollar; whitey man say fifty cents. Injun no sell `um; go off to railroad and sell `um for two dollars." Even Lo appreciates the need of a railroad for his traffic.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

A snow of eight inches fell last Sunday morning, to the great surprise of everybody, and remained on the ground ever since. Several parties availed themselves of the opportunity for sleigh-riding, rabbit and deer hunting.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

WRITE to your friends and tell them that one-half the land in Cowley County can yet be purchased from the Government at $1.25 per acre. It is a fact not generally known. It is not the choicest, yet it is good land.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

MARRIED. On Wednesday, March 1st, 1876, by Esquire Letts, of Salt City, Mr. F. L. Davis and Miss Lydia Jones. In order to distinguish the gentleman from other members of the same family, we will state it was "Boots" Davis. Another man made happy. So mote it be.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

A. A. NEWMAN purchased the entire stock of Sherburne & Stubbs last week, and moved all but the groceries to his store room. We learn that R. A. Houghton purchased the groceries of Mr. Newman and intends keeping a grocery store. He has engaged Mr. S. J. Mantor to take charge of the groceries.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

CANDIES. As a reminder that E. D. Eddy had received his new lot of choice and fancy candies, the office was tendered a half peck of them, and expressed themselves severally to the following toast: "May he ever live, and prosperity attend him." The responses occupied more time than the devouring of the granulated saccharine matter.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

ANOTHER LECTURE. The next lecture of the people's course will be given by Dr. J. Alexander, on Monday evening, March 27th, at the First Presbyterian Church. Subject: "Readings from the Diary of an Army Surgeon." Lecture free. Collection taken for school bell fund. Music will be furnished. Let the house be full. H.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

MAJOR CROWELL was down to Winfield last Saturday, after a post office defrauder. The bird had flown, but will most likely be taken on the wing, as the Major's scent for game is remarkable, and good even at long range.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

FLAT BOAT. Parties are talking of sending another flat boat, loaded with corn and potatoes, down to Little Rock, Arkansas. The river is full to the banks now, and will continue to be for four months, if it does not vary from preceding years.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

The thermometer indicated five degrees below zero Monday morning, before the sun rose. The coldest weather previous to this was in November, when it stood ten degrees above zero.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

Two weeks from Friday evening next the Young People's Christian Association will give the programme as published last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

Robert Crozier, L. F. Smith, and O. B. Gunn were in town last week to see about an extension of the Narrow Gauge Railroad.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

The Centennial Concert, rendered at the First Church last Saturday evening, by the church choir, was attended by more than one hundred persons. The introduction was made by Rev. Fleming in a manner that did credit to himself and gave spirit to the audience. The musical efforts were of high standing, and attended with success. The characters were interesting and somewhat comical. It struck us as a little funny to see Ethan Allen with his hair parted in the middle, and wearing white pants. George Washington, of the little hatchet fame, was introduced as the father of his country, and afterwards exhibited his skill on the organ in a manner that was "not so slow" for so aged a gentleman.

Mrs. Washington, the wife of George, and mother of her country, was attired in complete white.

William Penn, like other members of the company, looked aged enough in his hair. How they came to get William in reach of the Centennial year was more than we could solve, although he was brought forward as the grandfather of his country.

Widow Bedott was also represented, and recalled by the audience after singing the song given to her name.

Gen. Wayne bore the sword so dreaded by Russell Cowles.

Gov. Winthrop made himself useful during the early part of the evening as usher, as did Paul Revere; both finally retired to a more convenient place for inspection, and added to the group on the stage.

Mrs. Sipes, Mrs. Alexander, Mrs. C. R. Mitchell, and Mrs. Meigs occupied front seats, dressed in old style, and caused some merriment.

All in all, it was a good concert, and added one more evening of enjoyment to the eager public.

The characters represented were as follows.

Ethan Allen - Prof. Hulse.

George Washington - Will. Mowry.

Mrs. George Washington - Miss Sherburne.

William Penn - Luscious Norton.

Mrs. John Jay - Mrs. R. C. Haywood.

Mrs. Alexander Hamilton - Miss L. Norton.

Mrs. John Hancock - Mrs. Newman.

Widow Bedott - Mrs. L. C. Norton.

General Wayne - Frank Hutchinson.

Governor Winthrop - J. C. Topliff.

Paul Revere - Kendall Smith.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.


Arkansas City Creswell

Baltimore Omnia

Cabin Valley Liberty

Cedar Creek Otter

Dexter Dexter

Grouse Creek Windsor

Lazette Windsor

Little Dutch Rock Creek

Maple City Spring Creek

Moscow Silver Creek

New Salem Tisdale

Nenescah Nenescah

Otto Cedar

Red Bud Maple

Rock Rock

Silverdale Silverdale

Tisdale Tisdale

Vernon Vernon

Winfield Winfield

Arkansas City and Winfield are the only Money Order Offices.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

The following new scale of postal rates has been sent us by a correspondent.

A one-cent stamp for a circular,

A two-cent stamp for a newspaper,

A three-cent stamp for a sealed lettair.

All licked on the right corner.

Lick, brothers, lick with care,

On the right hand side, not everywhere,

Unless you want the postmaster

To make things hot, and "cuss and swear."


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

Judge 13th Judicial District: W. P. Campbell.

Board of County Commissioners: R. F. Burden, Robert White, Wm. Sleeth.

County Clerk: M. G. Troup.

County Treasurer: E. B. Kager.

Deputy Treasurer: Jas. L. Huey.

Probate Judge: H. D. Gans.

Registrar of Deeds: E. P. Kinne.

Supt. Pub. Inst.: T. A. Wilkinson.

Sheriff: R. L. Walker.

Coroner: Sim. Moore.

County Attorney: A. J. Pyburn.

Clerk District Court: E. S. Bedilion.

County Surveyor: W. W. Walton.

Examining Surgeon U. S. Pensioners: W. Q. Mansfield.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

Trustee: Wm. Berkey.

Clerk: A. C. Endicott.

Justices of the Peace: T. McIntire and I. H. Bonsall.

Road Overseer: A. A. Davis.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

Major Beede, the new agent for the Osage and Kaw Indians, is finding a warm reception in this, his new home.

Joseph Pah ne-no-pah-she, Governor for the Osages, has ordered the chiefs and counselors of the tribe to meet him in council at this place on Monday next. Indian Herald.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 22, 1876.

An exchange tells about a man being found "in an unconscience state." That is what is the matter with Belknap and lots of other people.

Mrs. Secretary Bristow is said to be worth hundreds of thousands of dollars in her own right. She has no use for post traders, and, besides her husband is not Belknap.

The Hartford Courant remarks that the exposure of Gen. Belknap's iniquity is evidently regarded by the Democratic press and party leaders as the greatest windfall the party has had since the first battle of Bull Run.

Captain Eads' work at the mouth of the Mississippi is already an assured success. An ocean steamer drawing sixteen feet has come safely through the pass, and the current has been increased in velocity at the rate of six feet per second. The Captain declares that he will reclaim all the overflowed country contiguous to the Mississippi without holding another foot of levee.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876. Front Page.

Chicago, March 17. The following telegram was received at Gen. Sheridan's Headquar ters, from Gen. Terry, commanding the Department of Dakota.

Mouth of Big Horn, March 6.

Arrived at Fort Peace March 4, and relieved the garrison. The Fort was evacuated today at noon. The original garrison consisted of forty-six men, of whom six were killed, and eight wounded. Thirteen had left and gone to settlements by night. I found in the Fort eighteen white men and one negro, and have brought them away; saw no Indians but found five lodges here of about sixty Sioux, who fled south. Think they were watching the Fort to pick up men venturing out. We start for home tomorrow.

(Signed) BRISBIN, Commanding.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.


The War with Sitting Bull Commenced.

General Crook's First Engagement.

A Fight Between the Black Hills Miners and the Indians.


[Special Telegram to the Inter-Ocean.]

Cheyenne, W. T., March 22. Captain George Crook of the Third Cavalry, has just arrived here from Old Fort Reno, General Crook's base of supplies. On the 20th a courier arrived at Fort Laramie with the first news from Crook since he left Reno. Crook had an engagement with Sitting Bull on the 15th, near Fort Phil Kearney in which sixteen Indians were killed. General Crook lost two men. Sitting Bull ran off sixty of Crook's pack mules on the night of the 14th. Crook sends Captain Cook here to enlist 500 men to reinforce him. The Captain has already enlisted about 100 men, whom he picked up between here and Fort Laramie on their way to the hills. He has sent them to Crook, and is enlisting large numbers of Black Hillers here.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

Fort Laramie, W. T., March 22. A party from Custer City arrived here last night. They report that ten days ago a fight occurred between the miners and Indians on Deadwood Creek, about sixty-five miles north of Custer.

The Indians have been committing depredations on the creek and have stolen a good many horses. The miners organized a party and pursued and attacked them in camp. A fight ensued in which thirteen Indians and one white man were killed. The whites, following up their success, ran into so large a camp of Indians that they were obliged to fall back to their permanent camp on Deadwood. The above news came into Custer on the 15th, the day before this party left Custer. Further trouble is anticipated.

It is reported that several Black Hillers wandered off during the recent severe storms, got lost, and perished.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

We have received another letter from W. J. Budd, of Van Buren, Arkansas, stating that the Little Rock & Memphis roads are anxious to extend their line of railway, and asking what our people can do towards having the route surveyed.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

STEAMBOAT. Parties at Plainfield, Ohio, are constructing a boat with the intention of putting in on the Arkansas River this spring, to ply between Little Rock, Ark., and this place. It will be of light draught, but capable of carrying sufficient burden to make the trips pay. Hay and corn are in good demand in Arkansas, and lumber and southern products are staple articles here. We expect to see a boat launched at this place within the next three months. The Arkansas River is the third largest river in the United States, and with proper effort can be made a navigable stream.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

Usury Legislation.

The recent legislation on usury, and tax on mortgages, has caused capitalists of the East to order their funds withdrawn from this State. This will have the effect of making money scarcer, and the rate of interest still higher. Where money could be obtained at twenty-five percent, it cannot be had now at all, and in cases of necessity the demand will be thirty and forty percent. The Corbin Banking Company, of New York, who have almost wholly supplied portions of this County, have ordered their funds withdrawn. Several parties for whom the Arkansas City Bank were doing business have done likewise, and others with whom we are acquainted cannot be induced to loan in this State, though they receive twice the amount they get at home. The trouble is, we have too much legislation on loans and securities; making matters always unsettled, and breaching the confidence of capital.

Repudiating bonds voted in good faith, the illegal taxing of mortgages, and constant attempts to evade payments promised will never bring money down to a legal and reasonable rate of interest. We must gain confidence, instead of losing it, and the more capital we can induce, the less the rate of interest will be. The following article, taken from the N. Y. Tribune, gives some good advice.

Mortgages Not Taxable.

The Supreme Court of California has recently made a decision of the utmost importance, if it is to be taken as a precedent in other States. The Court means to assert squarely and positively that the taxation of mortgages is illegal, because, to use the language of Chief Justice Wallace, "Mere credits are a false quantity in ascertaining the sum of wealth which is subject to taxation as property, and in so far as that sum is attempted to be increased by the addition of those credits, property taxation, based thereon, is not only merely fanciful, but necessarily the unconstitutional imposition of an additional tax upon a portion of the property already once taxed."

If this be good law in California, it certainly ought to be in most other States; for the decision is based solely upon the common sense principle enunciated above, and upon the clause of the Constitution which proves that "taxation shall be equal and uniform throughout the State," and "all property in this State shall be taxed in proportion to its value, to be ascertained as directed by law." He shows the iniquity of taxing the same value twice, once in the hands of the debtor and again in the hands of the creditor, and proves the absurdity of it by the suggestion, that when the debtor pays his note the tax upon it ceases, though there has been no diminution whatever in the sum of the general wealth.

As to the practical effect of this kind of taxation, Chief Justice Wallace, in his concurring opinion, shows with perfect clearness that it is the debtor after all who pays the double tax. The country is so often and so passionately asserted by those who advocate this species of taxation, as bearing upon the money lenders, that the Chief Justice did well to pay some little attention to the matter. He says: "The taxation thus imposed nominally upon credits having resulted in the double taxation of the money, the additional tax must of course be paid by someone. The borrower is the consumer. The interest which he pays to the lender is the prime cost of the delay for which he has contracted. If the Government, by the imposition of additional taxes, increases the cost, the borrower, being the consumer, must pay it." This is of course undeniable, and yet the strongest advocacy of this tax upon mortgages comes from men who are paying from eight to twelve percent for money which they could readily get for six or seven, if the lenders were not compelled to protect themselves by usury against unjust taxation.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

There are salmon in the Little Arkansas river.

Paola will send a delegation of twenty to the Black Hills.

The Leavenworth coal shaft yields a million bushels of coal annually.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

Washington, March 20. The House Committee on Appropriations today commenced the consideration of the Indian appropriation bill by sections. This bill, as prepared by Mr. Randall for the committee's action, is based upon the assumption that the proposed transfer of the Indian Bureau from the Department will be effected and therefore makes no provision for Indian agents, superintendents, inspectors, etc., nor for any miscellaneous object except such as are required by the express stipulations of treaties. All the usual appropriations for general and incidental expenses are therefore omitted. The amounts which in the judgment of the committee are needed for the subsistence and clothing and transportation for the Indian service, will hereafter be provided for in the army appropriation bill, to be expended by the commissary and quartermaster department. Under these heads Mr. Randall believes that at least half a million of dollars can be saved annually. The plan contemplates the making of a great saving in transportation by removing all the principal agencies to the vicinity of military posts.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

Two hundred and fifty-eight thousand Texas cattle are to be driven into Kansas for shipment east this season. Most of them will be driven between Dodge City and Ellis, so that they can be shipped on either the K. P., or A. T. & S. F. roads, as freights are offered.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

Gardens are growing.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

School closes next week.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

Court begins next week.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

MAX FAWCETT goes to Emporia in a few days.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

ONIONS are green, and "taps" will soon be in order.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

WOOD is in good demand now. Bring us a cord.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

There are a great many inquiring for land, lately.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

Now it is reported lead has been found on Sam Endicott's place.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

PROF. KELLOGG will be here this week, or as soon as court adjourns.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

Two weeks ago Mr. B. Geiser was the recipient of a ten pound boy.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

The boys have been playing havoc with the ganders on the Arkansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

The Young People's Christian Association meets next Friday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

S. T. WOOD, one of the old surveyors, smiled on our streets again, last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

Get your trees ready to set out on Arbor Day, as set apart by the Governor.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

During the late snow, the rabbits ate off large spots of wheat in some localities.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

The parties sent after fruit trees to Chetopa are having a fearful time with mud and snow.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

The County Commissioners meet the first Monday after the first Tuesday, or April 10th.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.


W. H. Harrison sold his interest in the wagon shop to John Grimes last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

It has been emphatically demonstrated that wild geese cannot be caught by riding horseback.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

READ the lists of land and town lots for sale. Now is the time to purchase, while property is low.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.


It is expected coal will be brought to the surface at the derrick, at Salt City, next week.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

MR. SKINNER can't get along without "Bob." He bought her back again this week. "Bob" is a her.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

A Lieutenant, from Camp Supply, was here last week, after a deserter. He probably has him by this time.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

To Mr. and Mrs. P. F. Endicott, a boy, 10-1/2 pounds. Last Sunday dates its birth. Dr. Sheppard was in command.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

There would have been an over-crowded house at Col. McMullen's last Wednesday, had the weather been favorable.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

TRUSTEE CHAMBERLAIN started out last Monday on his Township work. He has until the 10th of May to make his returns.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.


Wm. Berkey, Joseph Rickels, Will. Berkey, Jr., John Purdy, and O. C. Skinner start for the Black Hills this morning.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

The Corbin Banking Company of New York have drawn their money out of this State, owing to the legislation of the past winter. Courier.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.


Mr. S. H. Deweese ate new potatoes for his dinner last Saturday. They were covered with hay, and have been growing all along.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

BONSALL says the moon is to fall down, and the world to come to an end this Centennial year, and is going to leave the country. He's got `em, sure.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

TIME CHANGED. The time of holding the M. E. Sunday school has been changed to half past nine in the morning, instead of three o'clock in the afternoon.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

MARRIED. By his Honor, J. J. Letts, of Salt City, Mr. LEWIS SAMPLES and Miss ZELMA BELKNAP. There will be Samples of Belknaps in due course of time.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.


W. H. Harrison has bought out Henry Work's barber shop, and will officiate in that capacity hereafter. Henry was seized with the Black Hills fever, hence the sale.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

DICK WILSON, the rustic rural perambulator for Threlkeld & Co., of Kansas City, elongated his pachyderm remains at the Central Avenue, last Monday, after taking several orders in town.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

The Fire Extinguishers are placed as follows: One at the Central Avenue Hotel, one at E. D. Eddy's, and one at the Post Office. Houghton & McLaughlin have a private one belonging wholly to themselves.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

FIRE. Some clothing and other articles took fire at Mr. Coombs' house, last Saturday, and for awhile required considerable exertion to subdue it. Mr. Coombs is living on Major Sleeth's farm, in what is known as Pat Somers' house.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.


A Lieutenant from Camp Supply came in last week, looking for a young man going under the name of Jackson, who had deserted, and in order to obtain citizens' clothes, knocked down and almost killed a man whom he found on the road near the military headquarters. Jackson has been living near Tisdale for some months, and was arrested and taken back last week. His punishment will be severe.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

DIED. On Tuesday, March 18th, of paralysis, Mrs. Judith Dent, aged 76-1/2 years. Mrs. Dent was stopping with Mr. Coombs, and had come from Wenona, Ill., but a few weeks since, enduring the journey remarkably well, and expressing herself much stronger thereafter, until taken with this, the second and last stroke of the dreaded disease.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

REV. TANNER, of Wyandotte, Kansas, of the M. E. Church, will preach at Parker's schoolhouse on the second Sunday in April. His main object will be to see about organizing a German church.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.


Our attention was called to some yellow looking barley, a few days since, and upon examination we found it covered with small black bugs, with wings, about the size of a flea. They looked as though they were dead, yet may have been only chilled. They have appeared since the snow.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

[Humboldt Union.]

Parties who lately arrived from the Osage Indian Agency, inform us that everything is passing off quietly as well as harmoniously at the headquarters of the Osages. Many of the Indians sowed wheat last fall and the crop look well. The dusky sons of the forest, or some of them at least, have gone to work with the determination of doing something for themselves, and it is confidently believed that many more will follow their example. The Indians like their Agent, Major Beede, who labors energetically for the comfort and advancement of his charges. A wise, humane, and liberal policy is being pursued, and the Indians seem to take to it. Our informants were very well pleased with the evidence of prosperity and enterprise, that is everywhere manifested about the Agency.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

Senator Withers, from the Committee on appropriations, reported the House bill to supply deficiency for feeding Sioux Indians. He moved to strike out of the bill the words 100,000 dollars and insert 150,000 dollars. The amendment was agreed to and the bill passed. A bill providing for an agreement with the Sioux Indians for a portion of their reservation was taken up.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

Two farms for sale, four miles from Arkansas City; one on the State line; both with timber, house, breaking, well, stable, orchard, etc. Will sell for $3 per acre.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

Young calf for sale at J. Alexander's.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.


Having closed out our business, we request all persons knowing themselves indebted to us to call early and settle. Our books will be found at the Cowley County Bank.

Very Respectfully,


Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

To Rent.

A log house and five acres of ground, joining the town site. Inquire at the TRAVELER Office.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

Down, down they come! Harness and saddles at


Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

To Rent.

50 acres broken bottom land on the Arkansas, 7 miles n.w. of town, on east side of river.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.

The Best ox and drove whips in Kansas at J. I. M.'s.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 29, 1876.


I have a lot of fresh lime always on hand, 3 miles southeast of town, at 18 cents per bushel.



Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876. Front Page.

An army officer, now in Philadelphia, who was stationed at Fort Sill for a number of years until quite recently, told a Philadelphia Times reporter that it is located in the southwestern tract of the Indian Territory, about forty-five miles from the Texas border and one hundred and sixty miles from Atoka, the present terminus of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas railroad. It was built in 1868 by General Grierson, of the Tenth United States Cavalry, and is situated in a beautiful country. The land is well timbered and watered, and nature has made it one of the finest posts in the southwest. The post was established for the accom modation of six companies, but at present there are twelve, ten of cavalry and two of infantry, on the ground. It is situated on a bluff two hundred feet high, overlooking Medicine Bluff Creek. It discloses the fertile plains, dotted with the tents of the soldiers and the smoke curling from the wigwams of the Indians located in large numbers but half a mile off. The fort derives its name from a romantic story told by the natives. Miss Sill, a dusky damsel, becoming chagrined at the attentions paid by a stalwart brave to another local coquette in the far distant past, made a Tarpeian rock of the bluff and ended her career. In the neighborhood of 5,000 or 6,000 Indians, mostly


are stationed, within eye-sight of the post, and a brisk business is carried on between the trader and them. The latter dispose of their furs for a small remuneration, but receive mostly necessaries for their products. "West of Leavenworth, Fort Sill is the largest and biggest plum at the disposition of the War Department," said the army officer. "At one time, Mr. Evans, the post trader, informed me that he had over $100,000 worth of goods on hand. His store is quite large, well built, and surmounted with an iron roof. There are no white settlements around, and the nearest stations are Camp Richardson, in Texas, about 150 miles, and Camp Supply, 200 miles to the north. We were all acquainted with the manner by which Evans obtained his tradership, and the bonus he was paying, as far back as four years ago. The affair was not secret."


Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876. Front Page.

WINFIELD, KS., March 27.

Township Trustees met pursuant to notice of County Clerk. On motion of Mr. Chamberlain, Mr. Hunt was elected Chairman and R. H. True, Secretary. On motion, adjourned to 1 o'clock.


Township Trustees met pursuant to adjournment. The following basis for assessment of real estate was adopted: First, $10; second, $8; third, $6; fourth, $5; fifth, $4; sixth, $3; seventh, $2; eighth, $1.25: provided, that lands containing valuable improvements on small tracts shall be assessed as the judgment of the assessor may decide.

Stallions kept for breeding purposes shall be valued at from $100 to $200.

Race Horses: $100 @ $500

Horses, six months old and over: $10 @ $150

Work Cattle, per yoke: $50 @ $100

Blooded Cattle, per yoke: $10 @ $100

Domestic Milch Cows: $15 @ $30

Texas Milch Cows: $5 @ $20

Fat Cattle: $15 @ $40

3 yr. old Steers: $20

2 yr. old Steers: $12

6 mos. and under 2 yrs.: $5 @ $8

Mules: $125, $100, $75, $50.

Mules, 6 mos. and over: $25 @ $50

Asses: $50 @ $200

Sheep: $1.00 @ $2.50

Hogs: $5 @ $25

Goats: $3 @ $5

Farming implements assessed at discretion of assessor. Carriages, the same; watches, jewelry, etc., the same.

Resolved, That a copy of these proceedings be furnished the County papers.

J. S. HUNT, Chairman.

R. H. TRUE, Secretary.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Five hundred men have left Pittsburgh, Pa., with merely enough money to buy provisions, to bury their bones in the Black Hills. The suffering among some will be terrible.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Striking it Rich on Newton's Fork Near Custer City,

70 Cents to the Pan.

The Omaha Bee of the 21st inst., contains the following.

"Major Armstrong, of this city, has received a very interesting letter from his son, Robert, who has been in the Black Hills for three weeks. The letter was dated Custer City, the 27th of February. Among other interesting items he states that on the night of the 25th, considerable excitement was created by some new discoveries. Boyden & Berry, who are putting up a saw mill near Custer City, while digging a well, took out dirt paying 50 cents to the pan, before striking bed rock. This discovery was on Newton's Fork, a creek that is perfectly dry at present. The discovery was made late in the afternoon. Boyden & Berry and their employees waited until dark and then staked out 8,000 feet. The news soon became known, and then a lively stampede ensued. People were going backward and forward all night. Bob and a Mr. Young, formerly of Omaha, started out at 10:30, and after going through ravines, up hills, and down again, they met others coming back, who stated that claims had been staked out for four miles. Bob and Young staked out some claims and then returned to camp. He has nearly completed a cabin, 18 by 24, on his town lot, and proposes to throw it on the market for $150.

"There is but little mining going on at present, as the weather will not permit of work to any great extent, and the miners don't expect to do anything until spring fairly opens up."


Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

March 28, 1876.

We are prospering as best we can, considering the disagreeable weather; have had quite a little winter since the first of March.

The farmers in this vicinity are waiting patiently for more settled weather, in order to put in their oats. The health of the community is very good, with the exception of the general complaints of colds.

We have recently had to witness the sad departure of one of our useful and worthy citizens, Mr. J. M. Junken, formerly of Illinois. He died of consumption. Mr. Junken was one of our prominent businessmen, and was beloved by all who knew him. He died at the residence of Mr. C. B. Hale, where he had been making his home since entering the State, and where he was most tenderly nursed and cared for. We laid him in our little village grave yard.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Dr. Black, of Winfield, has an overcoat that is made of material which is over two hundred years old. At least two centuries ago, it was in a bed coverlid. It is a peculiarly woven fabric, and resembles lamb's fleece.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Nineteen freight cars loaded with stock, household goods, and farming implements, and four full coaches of passengers, passed over the Santa Fe railroad, on Friday of last week to settle in the Arkansas Valley. The passengers were from Illinois and Tennessee.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Word comes that Jesse Junken, long the Post Master and merchant of Baltimore, Omnia Township, this County, died of consumption on the 17th of March. Deceased was widely known and had a large circle of friends.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Dillon Hayworth, of Dexter, died on the 17th of March. Deceased was buried with Masonic honors on the 18th.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Gen. Custer, in his testimony before the Clymer Committee, is said to have been very bitter on General Belknap.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Court is in session.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Buildings are scarce and in demand.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Don't kill the birdsten dollars fine.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

The ground is thoroughly soaked with water.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

The County Commissioners meet next Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

CHARLES McINTIRE has been at home several days, sick.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

CLAIM taking has been very frequent during the past week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

BORN, to Mr. and Mrs. Morgan, Friday morning, a boyten pounds.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

JOHN BREENE hobbles about now on crutches. He expects to recover soon.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

MANY persons are selling out to newcomers of more means, and enterprise.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

MR. REQUA, of Winfield, it is said, has absconded, leaving numerous obligations unsettled.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

A number of families in Winfield and this county are burning corn because it is cheaper than wood.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

The passengers in the stage coach last Friday evening had to stop over at Dog Creek, near El Paso.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

They have just taken the census of the Kaw Indian tribe, and find they number 482. They are still on the decrease.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

COURT was delayed last Monday, awaiting the arrival of His Honor, Judge Campbell, who was detained by high water.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

The boys count it 700 miles to the Black Hills. One man drove from the Hills to Wichita, it is said, in a light buggy, in sixteen days.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Mr. J. C. Bennett, the heaviest grocery man that masticates his food in the Southwest, was in town last Monday interviewing his many friends.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

The aggregate enrollment of students for the past term was 120 names: males, 63; females, 57. Amount of tuition received, upwards of $32.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

LEAVENWORTH has two steam boats plying between their city and the Black Hills. "Nellie Peck" and "C. R. Peck" are the names of the boats.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

REV. FLEMING and wife left on the stage yesterday morning. Mr. Fleming will attend the Presbytery at Hutchinson, and Mrs. Fleming will await his return at Oxford.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

MARRIED. At Emporia, Kansas, at 3 o'clock p.m., on the 17th inst., by the Rev. Mr. Clark, Mr. J. A. Blair and Miss Katie Wendell of Caldwell, Sumner County.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

There will be a Social of the M. E. Society, at the house of J. C. McMullen on Wednesday evening, April 5th. All are cordially invited. By order of Secretary.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.


Arista W. Burkey has been commissioned a Notary Public, and is prepared to draw deeds, mortgages, etc. Also to collect Bounty Claims.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.


While plowing the ground for J. H. Sherburne's garden, Mr. Hutchinson found a quantity of fine large potatoes that had never been dug, and had been in a perfect state of preservation all winter.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

MIXED. An effort is being made by some commendable ladies to institute more social enjoyments. We need them.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Query: Who were the two businessmen that labored last Sunday? We couldn't see any ox in the ditch, and think he must have had corn enough.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Mr. Newman and Silas Parker visited the noble nomads of the far West, at the Kaw Agency, this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Rube Houghton is doing a good grocery trade.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

All of our lawyers are at court this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Mrs. Dr. Hughes started to Topeka this morning. Her mother is not expected to live.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

C. J. Beck brought with him from Missouri as fine a span of mules as we have ever seen in the county.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Walker traded his grays off last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Indian ponies have been brought in to sell by parties who purchased them at Fort Sill.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Freighters have been in demand since the late heavy rains.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

The stage coach got into Sand Creek, last week, and saturated the mail matter.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Grouse Creek has been booming.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Andy Show has returned from Missouri and Arkansas, where he and McCoy were engaged in the magic lantern show business. The receipts were small.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

The mill dam was in danger of being washed out last week, and men were employed to save it. The water was very high.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

A BOAT drawing four feet of water could run up the Arkansas River now, without any trouble. The river is full from bank to bank. Corn could be purchased at fifteen cents per bushel, and floated down to Little Rock, where it would readily sell for seventy-five cents. If a boat should come up now, and pay cash for corn, the farmers would be hauling corn to town for a week after the boat had left in hopes of getting rid of the stale product.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

MARRIED. By Rev. S. B. Fleming, on Sunday, April 2, L. Perry Woodyard and Miss Eva Jones.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.


Mr. Mummert sold his farm in Trumball County, Ohio, and has returned to engage in the manufacture of cheese. He will purchase a number of cows and begin at once. He has a natural spring cave, six miles east of town, that affords a spring house ten feet wide by thirty feet long, and four feet high. He brought his cheese vats with him.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

H. O. MEIGS returned from Pueblo, Colorado, this week, where he has been for about a month. He saw "Bob" Darling, who has taken several mining claims, and is going to move on one near Del Norte, soon, with a party he has formed.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

From parties formerly near Plainfield, Ohio, we learn that the company now building a boat for the Arkansas, is composed of reliable men of means, who will no doubt carry out the project.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

T. H. McLAUGHLIN went East to purchase their spring and summer stock of goods this morning. Since this firm has adopted the cash in hand system, they expect to offer better inducements than ever before, at rates that will surprise the public. They do an immense business and can handle goods at a very small profit. Their stock is yet large and complete, and for cash, you can buy as cheap or cheaper of them than any house in Cowley County, Independence, or Wichita.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

MR. A. A. NEWMAN left this morning for New York and Boston, where he will purchase his spring and summer stock of Dry Goods. His present stock is a very large one, and when the new one comes on, it will evidently be the largest in Cowley County. Mr. Newman is a merchant of many years experience, and knows when and where to meet a good market.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.


P. F. ENDICOTT has a cat that has nursed and is bringing up one kitten and four young squirrels. The cat originally had five kittens, but four were taken from her and replaced with the squirrels, whom she adopted and cared for with the same motherly affection as though they were her own.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

CONSIDERABLE trading and selling has been done lately. The demand for land is growing more every day, and the vacant tracts are being rapidly settled upon. With the prospects of a good crop, and the new residents, Cowley will make another advancing step this year.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

J. LINDSEY STUBBS departed for Emporia last Friday, and will accompany his father to Washington, D. C., where he has been summoned to testify before the Commissioner of the Interior.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

W. W. WALTON has been drawn as one of the Grand Jurors to serve at the coming term of the U. S. District Court, to be held at Topeka, beginning Monday, April 10th.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

See the card of W. H. Harrison, tonsorial artist. He will be in the shop Wednesday and Saturday of each week, and in the evening whenever occasion demands it.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

The election of city officers passed off very quietly last Monday, with the following result.

















Whole number of votes cast: 73.

The city officers now are: S. P. Channell, Mayor; T. H. McLaughlin, W. M. Sleeth, Dr. H. D. Kellogg, Dr. J. A. Loomis, and James I. Mitchell, Councilmen; Jas. Christian, Police Judge.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.


Shop in basement of the City Hotel. Wednesday, Saturday, and Sunday morning will be the regular days for being at home, and in the evenings when necessary.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Two milch cows for sale by Samuel Huff, two miles east of Newman's mill.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

Strawberry Plants, 75 cents per 100; one mile north of town.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.

CORN. Mr. Logan will pay 15 cents per bushel, cash, for 1,000 bushels of good corn delivered in Arkansas City.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 5, 1876.


Has purchased the carriage and blacksmith shop formerly owned by L. C. Wood, and is now prepared to do all kinds of wood and iron work. Repairing a speciality. All kinds of grain taken as a remuneration. Motto: "Live and let live." Give us a call.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876. Front Page.

Editor of the Vermont News:

Dear Sir: As there is a growing desire among the people of the Eastern Townships to know more of this vast new country, I have thought that a few items from this county might not prove uninteresting to your readers.

Cowley County is one of the border counties of Kansas, being bounded on the south by the Indian Territory, and contains an area of about 700,000 acres, of which about one-fourth is under cultivation. The wheat crop of this county last year amounted to over 500,000 bushels, valued at $460,000, in round numbers. Of rye there were 28,000 bushels, valued at $14,000; 1,500,000 bushels of corn, valued 20 cents per bushel; 70,000 bushels of potatoes, 65,000 bushels of castor beans, 5,000 pounds of tobacco, and 11,000 tons of hay. There are in this county 4,000 horses, 500 mules, 4,000 milch cows, 8,000 hogs, 1,700 sheep, and 8,000 cattle.

At present the winter wheat is from six to fourteen inches high, with fine prospects for a successful harvest. Oats and spring wheat are being sown, and a large amount of breaking is being done.

Of building material, we have stone, gravel, sand, and limestone for lime, in great abundance. The celebrated magnesian limestone for building purposes is found here in large quantities. It can readily be worked into any desired shape when first taken from the quarries, and becomes hard by exposure. Coal has been found in paying quantities near this place, and parties are prospecting with good success in different parts of the county.

The water supply is unlimited, and of the finest quality for drinking or washing. It can be easily and almost invariably obtained at a depth of from ten to forty feet. The Arkansas, Walnut, Grouse, Silver, Rock, and other rivers and creeks are well timbered. There are numerous saw and grist mills in the county, which are kept constantly at work to supply the demands of a rapidly increasing population.

Winfield, situated about thirteen miles north of here, on the Walnut River is the county seat and the center of a large trade.

Arkansas City is beautifully situated on a rising ground midway between the Arkansas and Walnut rivers, and about two miles from their junction. It is an incorporated city of the third class, and has a population of about 500.

There are three large and well stocked general stores, one large hardware store owned by an Eastern Township man, two banks, two drug stores, one hotel, and other business houses, besides a large, elegant schoolhouse, of brick with cut stone cornices, the finest building of the kind in Southern Kansas.

The amount of business transacted in this town would surprise a superficial observer, unaccustomed to western towns.

In the morning there are few signs of business activity. The streetfor in these towns the business is chiefly confined to one long, wide streetis void of life, and to a stranger the long rows of shelves crowded with goods, the counters groaning beneath their burdens of ready made clothing, muslins (cotton cloths), prints, and tweeds, indicate bankruptcy at no distant day. But wait until the sun is "at its meridian height," and see the change. The vacant street is lined with teams and carriagesthe empty lanes and backyards, even, are full of life.

The air is resonant with the harsh braying of the mule, or the loud neighing of horses, the bark of the dog, or the cursing of his master. The Indian in his blanket jostles against the St. Louis "runner," while the dirty "squaw" and dirtier "papoose" beg from door to door. It is a mixture of incongruities.

Aside from local business, Arkansas City is the chief supply town for a number of Indian Agencies in the Territory, which alone amounts to a large sum annually.

The Arkansas and Walnut valleys contain some of the finest sheep, stock, and produce farms in Kansas, and the early completion of a railroad to this town is all that is needed to cause a flood of emigration to these beautiful and fertile valleys. And we feel confident that within a year, and possibly less, the desired end will be reached. Already there are various projects under consideration for the construction of a narrow gauge road to this town, and delegates have been appointed to attend a railroad meeting to be held in St. Louis shortly, when the different routes will be considered and a definite plan of operations adopted.

Such is a brief synopsis of the development of this county, which, six years ago, was the abode of the Indian and wild beast.

And now a word to those of your readers who may desire to come to this country. If you are a laboring mana mechanic, carpenter, mason, etc., do not come here thinking to "make your fortune" in a year or so. This is a new country, and there is less of that kind of work to be done than in the East. Still, if willing to work, you can make something "turn up." If you are a farmer, and can bring a few hundred dollars, or thousands, with youif you have become tired of delving among rocks and stumps in summer, and wading through drifts of snow in winter; if you seek a warmer climate and more yielding soilare willing to take your chances with the aguewe say "come." We do not assure you that your taxes will be less, that your health will be better, or that you will acquire greater riches here than there. Those are contingents which are beyond our penetration. But we do assure you that here you will find ample scope for the exercise of all your powers in the way of demonstrating "What I know about farming."



Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

Our readers will remember that some time ago we called attention to the importance of a railroad up the Arkansas Valley to Ellsworth, or some other point on the Kansas Pacific road. A company has now been organized to build the road from the K. P. down the valley to meet any road that may be constructed up the river from the terminus of the Little Rock and Fort Smith Railroad. Also arrangements made for application to be made for a right of way through the Indian country. Offer is made to aid the enterprise contemplated from this end, to be furnished by the people along the road, say $75,000, if the road goes to Wichita, and $30,000 if to Arkansas City. . . .


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876. Front Page.

We received the following letter last week.

COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, March 31, 1876.

Mr. Scott:

DEAR SIR: I have met with a person who pretends to be a big cattle man, and wants to buy a large stock farm. He goes by the name of Madison, but it strikes me that he is the same person who went by the name of Jones in Arkansas City. If you have that photograph, I would like to have it, and if you will send it, I will return the same after I find out if he is the same person or not. Truly Yours, GEO. A. SCOTT.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876. Front Page.

Mr. English introduced Hon. Amos Walton, editor of the Winfield Plow and Anvil, whom he announced to the audience, was a wheel horse in the Democratic party. Mr. Walton said he did not come to speak but to hear others. He came up to see how the Democratic party organized, as Cowley County was to organize next week. He said they intended to organize down in Cowley to clean out the Republicans. He thought it was time that the Government was handed over to the Democrats. He said the Republican party had promised to reform, but better expect the thieves in the Five Points to reform. Works but not words was what he was in favor of. The interests of the west and the south are identical, and he cared nothing for the howl of bloody shirt, Jeff. Davis, and Andersonville.

Clean out the carpet bag government and restore the south to the government of the people. All the rats and thieves are in the Republican party, and as soon as it succeeds again, it will pardon out all the criminals it has sent to the penitentiary. Wichita Eagle.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

While Amos, of "Plow Handle" fame, was traversing the street of Arkansas City a few days since, a young lady, who had never before seen him, and who was looking from the window of a millinery store, exclaimed: "Hello! There's a stranger come to town." A general rush to the window was made by the fair ones, when they gave vent to their disappointment in "Pshaw! That's only Amos Walton." "Amos Walton!" the first speaker exclaimed. "Is that Amos Walton? Well, I never saw him before," and still gazing after him as he passed along, she was interrupted by the question, "Do you think you will know him the next time you see him?" She quickly replied, "Oh yes, I guess I will!" I'll know the backside of him anyhow." Telegram.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

The bill establishing a Territorial Government in the Indian country, which has been so long discussed by the Committee on Territories, may now be considered as finally defeated. The Committee will probably begin entirely anew and attempt to prepare a bill which, while it will establish a general form of government over all Indian tribes, will not at the same time interfere with tribal government already in existence. This bill will be somewhat similar to that recently reported by the Committee on Indian Affairs but great doubt is entertained in regard to the passage of either.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

Mahlon Stubbs, of Emporia, very well known about Arkansas City, has received a summons to appear before the Committee of Indian Affairs, of the House of Representatives, at Washington. The summons should have included Col. McMullen and C. M. Scott, of the city, so that "the other side" of the Indian question could have a chance to speak. Courier.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.


Mr. Samuel Hoyt started last Sunday for Cincinnati, Zanesville, Plainfield, and the upper Ohio River, to make a purchase or offer a bonus for a boat for the Arkansas River. A company has been formed and chartered, under the laws of this State, and the matter will soon be demonstrated whether the river is navigable above Fort Gibson. If it proves a success, it will be one of the greatest blessings Cowley County and Southern Kansas has ever had. Thousands of bushels of corn, potatoes, and other products, now a drug on the market, could be sold for cash, and southern products laid down at our doors at a much lower rate, besides it will eventually open up the great lumber regions of Arkansas, and develop a section of country now scarcely inhabited.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

The examination of applicants for teachers took place at the schoolhouse at Winfield Friday and Saturday, April 7th and 8th. Professors T. A. Wilkinson, A. B. Lemmon and E. W. Hulse constituted the Board of Examiners. There were twenty-nine applicants, named as follows:

Dora Winslow, Vernon Township.

Jennie Lawson, Maggie Strasburg, Mary Strasburg, Effie Randall, Sarah E. Davis, Ida Roberts, Alice Pyburn, Emily Roberts, S. E. Moore, M. J. Huff, Ollie Huff, Winfield Township.

Sarah Bovee, Mrs. I. E. Brown, Ella Davis, New Salem Township.

C. E. Fitzgerald, Ella Clover, Emma Burden, Arvilla Elliott, Lou A. Bedell, Lazette Township.

Kate Birdsell, Albertine Maxwell, Louisa Franklin, Laura E. Turner, Arkansas City.

Nancy J. Baxter, Alice A. Mann, Little Dutch Township.

Gertrie Davis, Tisdale Township.

C. C. Holland, M. L. Smith, Pleasant Valley Township.

The ages of the applicants were 15 to 23 years, and the average standard eight, on a scale of ten.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

Washington, April 7. Indications are that the House Committee on Territories will report favorably on the Senate bill for the admission of New Mexico.

The House Committee on appropriations further considered the deficiency estimates today. The estimate of $35,000 for the expense of the Black Hills Commission was disallowed.

A large number of deficiencies asked for by the Indian Bureau will be reported back to the House with the recommendation that they be referred to the committee on claims, the committee considering them as coming under the head of private claims.

The committee on Expenditures in the Post Office Department examined H. D. Norton, who testified that he was appointed clerk to disbursing clerks at the Post Office Department at $1,200 per year, but that by an order of Postmaster General Jewell, issued last December, he had since been paid $150 a month out of special appropriation for preparing Department building and extending its basement. In reply to a question, witness said this was in direct violation of law.

The Spencer investigation closed today, the committee announcing that counsel would be allowed two weeks in which to prepare written arguments.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

The state penitentiary turns out four hundred pairs of shoes daily.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

Three hundred people passed through Atchison in one night for the Black Hills.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.


I would respectfully state that I am now prepared to draw Deeds, Mortgages, and all papers pertaining to the transfer of Real Estate. Will also collect the Extra Bounty allowed soldiers by the recent act of Congress. Abstracts furnished of all lands in Cowley County. Office at the Arkansas City Bank.

A. W. BERKEY, Notary Public.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

Fine rain last Sunday.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

No ice for this summer.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

Fishing parties are talked of.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

School began again last Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

One crazy man is confined in the County jail.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

Mr. Tisdale was in town a day or two last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

COURT will not adjourn before the last of this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

ARKANSAS CITY was well represented at court last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

MR. CRANE, of Osage Agency, made us a short call last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

A child of Mr. Norman's died last week from the effects of measles.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

The dam at Newman's mill has been in danger for several days past.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

J. L. STUBBS is at present clerking in George Newman's store in Emporia.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

MR. M. E. WELCH, a stone cutter from Osage Agency, has located among us.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

MR. NORMAND's family have the measles. They have been in town but a short time.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

MR. BEEDE, Agent of the Osages, talked with the Kaw Indians last week. They think they will like him.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

No preaching at the First church last Sunday. Rev. Fleming was attending the Presbytery at Hutchinson.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

No frozen cream, soda water, or lemonade during the hot winter this year. Reason why: winter too mild.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

Col. McMullen has sold five quarter sections of land to one man (Mr. Bowers), 960 acres in all, and most of it is improved.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

CAPT. J. E. C. LEACH adorned our sanctum this week. He is one of the best known cattle men and contractors on the border.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

S. S. MAJOR conducts the City Hotel at Winfield, and is the favorite of all traveling men. He understands hotel keeping.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

WM. P. HACKNEY and John Folks, of the Wellington Press, had a misunderstanding last week, which resulted in a fight.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

MARRIED. And now it is Jimmy Simpson that has gone and got marked, Miss Hester Fowler is the lucky one, and Rev. Platter sealed the tie on the 2nd inst.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

We learn that Frank Wood and Charley Balcom are to engage in the restaurant business at Winfield soon, at Mr. Tarrant's former place. Luck to them.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

Bolton Township has three of her residents on the jury: more than any other township in the county. They are Frank Lorry, Wm. Turner, and A. J. Kimmell.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.


The Lagonda House of Winfield was closed last Saturday by J. H. Sherburne, and the household goods sold at auction. The articles brought a good price.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

PROF. KELLOGG OF EMPORIA, called on us last week. He has been attending court at the county seat. Mr. Kellogg has many friends and a wide reputation in Cowley County.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

The bill providing for the sale of the Pawnee Indian Reserve, in Nebraska, has passed both Houses of Congress. The Pawnees will not have to go hungry any longer, now.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

A railroad meeting will be held at Oxford next Saturday to canvass the project of and take steps to procure the extension of the A. T. & S. F. road down the Arkansas Valley.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

MARRIED. At the residence of the bride's father on Thursday, March 30, by Rev. F. W. Nance, Mr. Wm. E. Merydith and Miss Mattie M. Callison, all of Cowley County, Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

MR. TRISSELL, John Hoyt, Daniel Hunt, Wm. Anderson, John N. Fleharty, Thos. S. Parvin, George S. Callison, Albert Hamel, returned from Chetopa last Sunday, where they have been after fruit trees.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

Everyone who has been absent a short time express themselves surprised at the number of new buildings that have been erected within the past year. Many farmers have built comfortable farm houses and barns.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

NEW GOODS. Mrs. Godehard and Miss Bowers have a fine assortment of tasty and elegant millinery goods for spring and summer trade, at prices extremely reasonable. Please call and examine before purchasing elsewhere. Plain sewing and dress making done in first- class style.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.


The old Council retired last week, and the new members were sworn in to fill their places. During their administration we know of nothing that has been done by them but what has been for the general good, and met with the sanction of the majority. There aim was to benefit the city and promote prosperity, which, we are happy to state, was done as well as it could be. S. P. Channell, Mayor, Dr. Shepard, J. H. Sherburne, H. Godehard, E. D. Bowen, and I. H. Bonsall composed the body.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.


The finest lot of fruit and shade trees that our attention has been called to in this vicinity is to be seen in the rear of Houghton & McLaughlin's store, under the control of Mr. Trissell, agent of the Rose Hill Nursery, of Chetopa. The trees were put on the ground last Monday, being six wagon loads in all, and during the first two days one-half of the lot were delivered. He has the largest growth of one-year-old trees you have seen.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

MIXED. Charles Wilson is visiting his relatives here.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

Lively trade in town Saturday.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

We received an interesting letter from Mr. Parvin, which we should have published, had not the party returned in time to tell it.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

Dr. Leonard's hired boy turned out his horse, "old John," the other day, with a rope on. The horse got in a pond and drowned himself.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

Trissell's trees are receiving considerable attention from the farmers.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.


The ladies of the M. E. Sewing Society have the thanks of the editor, as well as the office boys, for the kind remembrance paid them last week, in the way of pie, cake, turkey, etc. We cannot think what good act we have performed to merit the compliment, or we should repeat it weekly. May the Sewing Circle increase in prosperity forever more, and the members thereof live to be as old as Methusalah.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

We learn from the postmaster of Arkansas City, Arkansas, that every day mail matter intended for this place is received by him, and often sent to the Dead Letter Office at Washington, as it is always returned by him when it is directed to this place. The fact should be more generally known that there is a Kansas City in Missouri, an Arkansas City in Arkansas, and an Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

We take pleasure in announcing to the ladies of Arkansas City and vicinity that our grand opening of millinery goods will take place tomorrow, April 13. We can truly say that our goods excel anything ever exhibited in Arkansas City, both in style and variety. Come and see for yourselves.



Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

A pound social will be held this evening at the residence of O. A. Porter, for the benefit of Rev. Wingar and family. Each individual is cordially invited to bring a pound of anything suitable for family use. By order of Ladies' Society of M. E. C.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

PREACHING Saturday eve. at Davis' Hall by Elder Buckner; quarterly conference after service. Sabbath school at half past 9 o'clock a.m.; preaching by Elder A. Buckner at half past 10, followed by sacrament of the Lord's Supper.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

A lively time is expected during the session of the M. E. Conference, to be held at this place beginning one week from today. There will be a children's picnic, musical feasts, and an excursion to the Indian Territory.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

MRS. FITCH has gone after her spring stock of millinery goods, and upon her return will open the finest assortment in that line ever brought to Cowley County. She invites everybody to come and see for themselves.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

All members of Creswell Grange are requested to be present at next regular meeting as business of importance will be transacted. W. S. THOMPSON, Secretary.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

The jury awarded E. C. Manning one cent as damages to his character, which leaves Mr. Allison to foot a bill of $300 or more of costs and attorney's fees.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

The Commissioners will adjourn today. The next meeting will be the first Monday in June.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

Guelph Township comprises one of as many fertile square miles as any other municipal division of Sumner County. It is situated in the southeast corner of the county. It is surrounded on the south by the Indian Territory, on the west by South Haven Township, on the north by Walton Township, and on the east by Cowley County. The lands are exceedingly fertile, are well watered, and convenient to large bodies of timber. Some of the best lands in the township are yet subject to preemption, settlement and purchase at $1.25 per acre. Press.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

A committee of Congress has reported adversely on the claim for damages of the widow of Capt. O. F. Short, who was killed by the Indians while surveying U. S. lands in the western part of this State, about two years ago.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

Gov. Osborn will on Tuesday next leave for the northwestern frontier of Kansas, where fears are expressed of an impending raid upon the settlers by Indians returning from the Black Hills country. The Governor will visit all the border counties and effectively organize the militia for a system of ready cooperative defense. It is a timely precaution, and Gov. Osborn's promptness and energy in preparing for the emergency is characteristic of his discharge of official duty. K. C. Journal of Commerce.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

Hon. W. P. Hackney, of Winfield, has been spoken of as a candidate for Judge of this district, in place of W. P. Campbell, whose term expires this year.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 12, 1876.

Washington, April 3. The House Committee on Military Affairs unanimously adopted the report of the committee transferring the Indian bureau from the Interior Department to the War Department.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876. Front Page.

Full Report of All the Business Transacted by the Board of County Commissioners Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, April 10, 11, and 12.


WINFIELD, KANSAS, April 10, 1876.

Board met in regular session. Present, R. F. Burden, W. M. Sleeth, Commissioners; A. J. Pyburn, County Attorney, and M. G. Troup, County Clerk. Journal of last regular session read and adopted.

Fred Moe, Trustee of Maple Township, appeared and asked the Board to make an appropriation to send a pauper of his township to friends back east. They agreed to not make said appropriation.

William Schooling is hereby appointed Treasurer of Omnia Township, vice J. M. Junken, deceased.

Z. W. Hoge appeared and asked the Board to revise his personal property assessment for the year 1875. The Board being fully advised, have agreed not to change said assessment.

Petition of Evan Shriver and others of Sheridan Township presented, and the Board being satisfied that the resident land owners had consented in writing to the location of said road, and that said road is practicable, the same is hereby ordered opened, recorded, and platted.

John Cain appeared and asked the Board to remit his personal property tax for the year 1875, and the Board being fully advised in the matter, agreed to lay the matter over for the present.

Bills were presented and disposed of as follows.

Walton & McIntire, Letterheads: $4.50

Andrew Dawson, Road Viewer: $4.00

A. D. Lee, Chairman: $3.00

John Stalter, Road Viewer: $4.00

A. B. Giltner, Chairman: $3.00

Tell W. Walton, Road Surveyor: $14.00

Tell W. Walton, Dept. Co. Surveyor: $36.64

M. G. Troup, Express postage and traveling expenses: $50.50

M. G. Troup, Co. Clerk Salary: $286.35

G. W. Crane, Blanks & Books: $54.50

B. A. Davis, Pauper bill: $30.00

A. B. Lemmon, School Examiner: $6.00

E. D. Bowen, pauper bill: $4.00

Boyer & Co., stationery: $1.50

B. A. Davis, overseer of poor: $3.00

James Burns, fuel: $40.00

Susannah Jenkens, pauper bill: $3.00

Houghton & McLaughlin, pauper bill: $31.50

Maud Corkins, road damage: $10.00

E. W. Hulse, school examiner: $6.00

H. D. Gans, Probate Judge fees: $12.00

J. E. Platter, Treasurer's Com.: $3.00

H. O. Meigs, Treasurer's Com.: $4.00

T. A. Wilkinson, County Supt.: $125.00

T. A. Wilkinson, postage: $3.90

H. L. Taylor, Land Office abstract: $20.80

Kirk & Gordon, jail repairs: $1.50

A. Williamson, fuel: Rejected.

J. W. Crane, blanks & books: $140.00 claimed; $96.00 allowed.

J. T. Dale, Juror: $5.00

Walter Deming, tax refunded: $18.94 claimed; $11.05 allowed.

A. C. McDorman, road viewer: $2.00

Alfred Hightower, road viewer: $2.00

E. B. Kager, Co. Treasurer: $359.30

John Lowry, fuel: $100.00

Day, Egbert & Fielder, books: Rejected.

C. C. Black, pauper bill: $7.70

James Stewart, fuel: $6.50

W. S. Mullen, pauper bill: $10.00

A. J. Pyburn, County Attorney: $125.00

W. S. Mullen, pauper bill: $10.00

Margaret Winner, prisoner bill: $21.70

Timothy McIntire, J. P. costs: $6.10

A. W. Patterson, court costs: $21.75 claimed; $20.00 allowed.

Howard Lewis, Witness: $6.00 claimed; $2.50 allowed.

R. E. Lewis, Witness: $6.00 claimed; $2.50 allowed.

F. Davis, Witness: $5.00 claimed; $2.50 allowed.

A. O. Porter, Witness: $3.00 claimed; $2.50 allowed.

M. T. Bonar, Witness: $5.00 claimed; $2.50 allowed.

B. F. Baldwin, stationery: $11.15

W. M. Boyer, J. P. costs: $12.75

R. L. Walker, Sheriff: $175.00

Harter Bros., prisoner bill: $5.60

J. W. Johnston, pauper bill: $8.00

R. L. Walker, Sheriff: $32.25

Kirk & Gordon, jail repairs: $4.00

A. H. Green, stationery: $9.65 claimed; $8.25 allowed.

Kingsbury & Somes; jail repairs: $4.00

A. B. Lemmon, school examinations: $6.00

M. Miller, nails: $.56

R. L. Walker, Sheriff: $30.00

Geo. Erickson, pauper bill: $30.00

R. L. Walker, Sheriff: $39.00

Burt Covert, jailor: $99.00

R. L. Walker, Sheriff: $37.75

G. B. Rowland, sawing wood: $133.80

Burt Covert, jailor: $165.06

Burt Covert, jailor: $174.00

E. P. Kinne, desk: $14.75

R. L. Walker, Sheriff: $12.00

R. L. Walker, Sheriff: $12.00

McMillan & Shields, prisoner bill: $8.52

R. F. Burden, Commissioner: $15.00

W. M. Sleeth, Commissioner: $15.00

Mrs. Bishop, pauper bill: laid over.

W. G. Graham, prisoner bill: $3.75

Bill of James T. Shepard, for services rendered a pauper, laid over until next regular session.

Petition and bond of Reuben Bowers and others, of Bolton Township, presented and granted, and the following persons appointed viewers: T. M. McIntire, P. Endicott, and W. Wilson, who will meet at the place of beginning of said road, and proceed to view said road; and the County Clerk is ordered to give the necessary legal notice.

Petition of J. R. Smith and others, of Sheridan Township, presented and granted, and W. H. Clay; W. Hamilton, and Wm. M. Smith are appointed viewers, who are hereby ordered to meet at the place of beginning of said road, and proceed to view said road; and the County Clerk is ordered to publish the necessary legal notice.

Report of viewers on J. H. Service County road approved; and there being no legal objections thereto, and being satisfied that said road is practicable, the same is hereby ordered opened, recorded, and platted.

Petition of E. R. Moffet and others, of Maple Township, asking the Board to open a section line road, presented; and the Board being satisfied that the written consent of the resident land owners had been obtained, and that said road is practicable, the same is hereby ordered opened, recorded, and platted.

Petition of J. P. Woodyard for County road presented, and rejected for the reason that said petition did not contain the legal number of names.

Petition of James Craven and others for section line road presented, and the written consent of the resident land owners having been filed, and the Board being satisfied that said road can be made without unreasonable expense, the same is hereby ordered opened, recorded, and platted.

Board adjourned to meet April 11, at 9 o'clock a.m.

Petition for section line road signed by C. W. Frith and others, of Sheridan Township, presented, and J. J. Hawkins, James T. Conrad, and E. Shriver appointed viewers; and the County Clerk is hereby ordered to publish the necessary legal notice.

Petition of W. Elkins and others, Silver Creek Township presented, and rejected for want of bond and written consent of land owners.

Petition of A. A. Wiley and others of Spring Creek Township, asking for a view and survey of a County road, presented; and granted; and W. E. Ketcham, Sanford Day, and W. W. Thomas appointed viewers; and the County Clerk is hereby ordered to give the necessary legal notice.

Petition of H. C. Fisher and others, of Otter Township, asking for the location of a section line road presented, and granted, and said road ordered opened, recorded, and platted.

Petition of P. G. Smith and others, of Dexter Township, asking for a view and survey of a country road, presented, and granted, and C. T. Smith, Geo. W. Jones, and H. C. McDorman appointed viewers; and the County Clerk is hereby ordered to give the necessary legal notice.

Petition of H. C. Fisher and others, asking for a view and survey of a County road, presented, and granted, and Martin Tolls, John Wise, and Jacob Smith appointed viewers; and the County Clerk is hereby ordered to give the necessary legal notice.

Petition of Reuben Bowers and others, of Bolton Township, asking for the vacation of a County road, presented, and granted; and W. H. Speers, John Carder, and Amasa Davis appointed viewers; and the County Clerk is hereby ordered to give the necessary legal notice.

Petition of Mathias Hoyt and others, of Silverdale Township, asking for a view and survey of a County road, presented, and granted, and Chancey Robinson, J. M. Clayton, and Wm. Ogden appointed viewers; and the County Clerk is hereby ordered to give the necessary legal notice.

Petition of Thomas Baird and others, of Bolton Township, asking for a view and survey of a County road, presented, and granted, and Abram Shurtz, Henry Pruden, and William Turner appointed viewers; and the County Clerk is hereby ordered to give the necessary legal notice.

Petition of P. H. Somers and others, of Creswell Township, asking for the location of a section line road, presented, and granted, and Ed. Hoyt, David Bright, and F. A. Cowles appointed viewers; and the County Clerk is hereby ordered to give the necessary legal notice.

Petition of John Owings and others, of Richland Township, asking the Board to open a section line road, presented, and the Board being satisfied that said road is practicable, and the written consent of the resident land owners having been filed, said road is hereby ordered opened, recorded, and platted.

Report of viewers on the L. W. Miller County road read and approved, and there being no legal objections thereto, said road is hereby ordered opened, recorded, and platted.

In the matter of John Cain's personal property tax for the year 1875, the Board have this day agreed to remit the same; and the County Clerk is hereby authorized to transfer the same to abstract of taxes refunded on errors.

Report of viewers on A. D. Lee County road approved, and there being no legal objection thereto, and the Board being satisfied said road is practicable, the same is hereby ordered opened, recorded, and platted.

Report of viewers on S. H. Sparks County road was read, and there being no legal objection thereto, and the Board being satisfied said road is practicable, the same is hereby ordered opened, recorded, and platted.

Petition of Thomas R. Carson and others, of Richland Tp., asking for the location of a section line road, presented, and granted. The Board being satisfied, that said road is practicable, and the written consent of the land owners having been filed, said road is hereby ordered opened, recorded, and platted.

It appearing to the Board that the S W ½ of S W ¼ of Section 11, and N W ½ of N W ¼ of section 11, Township 31, range 7, were not entered until October 13, 1875, it is hereby ordered that said tracts be transferred from the tax roll of 1875 to abstracts of taxes refunded.

The Board examined and approved the official bonds of the following named Township officers.

Trustee: C. W. Jones, W. S. Williamson, W. W. Thomas, B. A. Davis, and A. Chamberlain.

Clerks: S. B. Goodrich and S. Tyler.

Treasurers: Jas. A. Barr, E. Shriver, S. A. Frederick, A. G. Felton, C. R. Myles, and R. W. McNown.

Justices of the Peace: Robert Thirsk, Henry Hulse.

Constables: Thos. C. Groom, O. W. Loucks, J. T. Conrad, A. B. Odell, J. W. Elkin, and Jacob Craig.

Petition of E. Shriver and others, of Sheridan Township, asking for the location of a section line road, presented, and granted; it appearing to the Board that said road is practicable, and the written consent of the land owners having been filed, said road is hereby ordered opened, recorded, and platted.

The Board being of the opinion that it is necessary, and for the interest of the county, that there be purchased and made a duplicate tax roll for the year 1876, the County Clerk is hereby ordered to purchase and make said duplicate, at the expense of the county.

By virtue of authority vested in the Board, by reason of chapter 77 of the session laws of 1875, be it remembered that the Board have on this 11th day of April, 1876, appointed James L. Huey County Treasurer of Cowley County, Kansas, to serve from the first Tuesday of July, 1876, to the second Tuesday of October, 1876, and the County Clerk is hereby ordered to notify him of said appointment.

Be it remembered that on this 11th day of April, 1876, the Board have appointed James McDermott, of Dexter Township, and H. P. Farrar, of Creswell Township, a committee to assist the Probate Judge to count the funds in the hands of the County Treasurer at the end of the first quarter of 1876.

It appearing to the Board that a warrant was issued in favor of A. S. Thomas for $40.45, on the 19th day of May, 1874, and numbered 861, for costs as Clerk of the U. S. District Court; and that afterward said Thomas was paid by G. L. Thompson, and said Thompson received Cowley County bonds in payment of a certain judgment and said costs: it is hereby ordered that said warrant number 361 be canceled and destroyed.

The County Clerk is hereby ordered to have the county printing of his office done as he in his judgment may deem the most advantageous and just for the county, until next session of the Board.

Board adjourned to meet on the first Monday of June.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876. Front Page.

There were in attendance upon the District Court in this County, the following named attorneys.

General Sherry, of Leavenworth.

Judge Adams and Major Ruggles, of Wichita.

Judge Christian, C. R. Mitchell, and E. B. Kager, of Arkansas City.

Prof. Kellogg, of Emporia.

Capt. McDermott, of Dexter.

Judge McDonald, of Wellington.

Messrs. Pryor & Pryor, Allen, Boyer, Pyburn, Webb, Millington, Hackney, and Alexander, of Winfield.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876. Front Page.

Amos Walton toasted his number thirteens at our stove last Monday. Arkansas City Traveler.

Scott, that's mean! Amos is not to blame for having a big foot. In 1863 we were in Wyoming Territory with Amos, and while out hunting, a she bear made an attack on us. Knowing that Amos was spoiling for a fight, we took to the first sapling. As Amos stepped backward a few steps to get a good ready, his heels went up, and the bear sailed in; and the way that old bear chewed those number thirteens was a caution. Had not a lot of fellows happened along about that time, Amos would not have lived to be editing a Democrat paper, for we were perfectly willing to remain up the tree and see our friend sacrificed. It isn't fair to talk about Amos' big feet. They were all right till that bear chewed them out of shape. Walnut Valley Times.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876. Front Page.

The Osages number about 3,000 souls, and are located south, and adjoining the State of Kansas, and west of the ninety-sixth meridian of west longitude. Their reservation contains about 1,500,000 acres, and is held not simply by suffrage, nor a donation by the Government, nor under the provisions of a treaty wherein the United States grants gratuitously a tract of land for a tribe of Indians during their compliance with treaty provisions, nor for hunting purposes. On the contrary, they hold this title in fee simple purchased from the Cherokees, at the rate of seventy cents per acre, and confirmed by act of Congress, approved July 5, 1872. Topeka Times.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

For several weeks past we have noticed in some of our exchanges, comments on Representative Wm. P. Hackney, generally accompanied with a slanderous article written by a disappointed lobbyist who failed to get his Congressional District apportionment to suit him. The sequel to a greater part of the howl is that Mr. Hackney, being an independent, self- reliant man, could not be controlled by the hangers-on, and they were disappointed. While we know he made many grave errors, and do not endorse his entire action, yet we have to say that he accomplished more for Cowley County than any former member of that honorable body.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

The Topeka Commonwealth congratulates Col. Manning on his recent libel suit.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

The Arkansas River Boat.

Mr. W. M. Sleeth received a letter last week from the parties in Ohio who are building the light draught boat for the Arkansas River, stating that they had employed five additional men, and were pushing the work as rapidly as possible. Mr. Hoyt is now in the East, and will complete all the necessary arrangements soon for the trial trip. Mr. Graverock, of Kansas City, Civil Engineer of the M. K. & T. Railway Company, paid us a visit of several days this week, working up a project for two tow boats to make regular trips from St. Louis. He also visited Wichita, where he received encouragement from some of the most prominent citizens, and a promise of aid towards the project. There is enough corn in Cowley County to load a boat all summer, besides wheat, potatoes, and general produce. The matter has received considerable attention of late and will be thoroughly tested during this year.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

Railroad Meeting.

Last Saturday we had the pleasure of meeting Judge N. B. Cartwell and J. C. Pinney, of Longton, Kansas, and M. S. Manwell, of Greenfield Township, Elk County. They came over to Cowley to work up an interest in, and to organize a local company, for the purpose of securing aid to build a branch of the L. L. & G. railroad from Independence to Arkansas City, via Elk River. After talking with our citizens in a called meeting, of which Major Sleeth was Chairman and Joseph Sherburne, Secretary, a party was invited to attend the meeting at Winfield in the afternoon, where Directors of the local company were elected to meet at Canola, Elk County, today. Rev. Fleming and Wm. Sleeth were selected as Directors, from this place, Rev. Platter and M. L. Robinson of Winfield, and Tisdale and Lazette were to elect one each. There are to be thirteen Directors in all: Six in Cowley, six in Elk, and one in Montgomery. After the meeting held at Canola today, we shall know more of it. The line as proposed, is the one needed most, and would meet with more favor in this county than any other proposed route, as it unites the eastern portion of the county with the west. The L. L. & G. Company gives the assurance that if the road bed is graded and culverts put in, they will iron and operate the road. As is generally known, the above company is bankrupt, but the bondholders of the road give the assurance that with what capital they possess and what can be induced, they will build the line. From present indications Cowley County will lend aid to but one project, and that will be the first practical one submitted to the people.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

Venison is in season between the first day of September and the fifteenth day of January.

Wild Turkey between the first of September and the first day of April.

Prairie Chicken between the fifteenth day of August and the first day of February.

Pheasant, Partridge, or Quail, between the first day of October and the first day of February.

Wood Cock, between the first day of July and the tenth day of January.

Dove or Meadow Lark, between the first day of August and the first day of February.

The law does not prohibit the killing and sending to market any description of game not mentioned above.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

Fort Laramie, Wis., April 13.

A man named Rowser, who formerly belonged to the 14th infantry arrived here yesterday and reported that he and his party of five men were attacked by Indians just south of the Cheyenne River on the 7th inst. when returning from Custer City. One of the party named Mormon Storms, from Iowa, was shot through the shoulder, not seriously. The Indians are very numerous in that section. A great deal of stock has been run off.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

How the grass does grow!

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

No more court for awhile.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

The Arkansas is lowering.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

ASPARAGUS is on the market.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

STOCK is fattening on grass in the timber.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

TEAMS from the Pawnee Agency were up last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

OLD Mr. Campbell started to the Black Hills this week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

The early onions have put the singing schools in disgust.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

HEATING stoves have begun to hunt for the outside of the houses, lately.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

EIGHT or ten new buildings are being erected in different parts of town.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

The harvest of wheat will be very early this spring. The wheat has jointed already.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

BONSALL closes his gallery on the 25th inst. Come in if you want your phiz taken.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

There is a bad mud hole after crossing the first bluff north of town, that should be fixed.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

NOTICE the change in J. I. Mitchell's advertisement. He has the Vacuum Oil Blacking.

AD: The Old Reliable HARNESS SHOP OF J. I. MITCHELL'S. Having increased my stock, I now offer to the custom trade the best assortment of Harness, Saddles, Collars, Whips, etc., Ever offered in Cowley County. Vacuum Oil always on hand.

I do not intend to undersell or be undersold by any shop in Cowley County. Will duplicate Wichita, Independence, or Coffeyville prices. Wheat, Corn, Hides, or Furs as good as Cash: and these or Cash only will buy. Repairing neatly and promptly done.

Thanking the public for past patronage, I hope, by close attention to business, and fair and upright dealing, to merit a continuance of the same.

James I. Mitchell.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

ANOTHER railroad proposition. This time from Independence to Arkansas City, and Elk River.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

MOCKING birds can be heard on almost every street in town, and hundreds can be seen in the woods.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

There is an unusual commotion among the yellow-leg chickens this week, and the rooster ceaseth to crow.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

The M. E. Conference begins at this place today. A number of prominent ministers are in attendance.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

They have gone down nearly 400 feet at the coal well, at Salt City, and the indications of coal is almost positive.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

JUD MARSHALL, OF LEAVENWORTH, talks of moving to this place, and of starting a dry goods and grocery store. Come along.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

There will be a meeting of the United Brethren, at Theaker's schoolhouse on the 29th of this month, at eleven o'clock, a.m.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

DR. HOUSTON, and son John, of Leavenworth, are breathing the mild air of South- western Kansas once more. They meet many friends.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

JUDGE McINTIRE is helping Mr. Chamberlain on the assessment of this Township. The time allowed the Trustee was very short.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

IN TOWN. Judge Gans, Tell Walton, Amos Walton, James Kelly and wife, and two other Winfield people were in town last Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

MR. A. A. WILEY, of Maple City, shipped one car load of cattle last week, and received therefor four and five cents per pound, gross.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

MANY claims have been taken since we advertised the vacant lands. There are plenty left around Lazette, Tisdale, Dexter, and Maple City.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

HON. JAMES KELLY, who occupies the official position of P. M., at Winfield, accom- panied by his wife and boy, stopped at the Central Avenue Sunday evening.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

The card of Dr. Holland appears this week, announcing his intention to attend to all professional calls. The Doctor has had considerable practice in Beaver and other townships.


Dr. Holland is located one mile northwest of Thomasville, and will practice in all branches of the profession.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

A. N. DEMING visited this place last Saturday. He is one of the most popular landlords in the Southwest, and is at present one of the proprietors of the Douglas Avenue Hotel, at Wichita.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

MR. EDITOR: We were all glad when the sidewalks along the business portion of Summit street were completed, but are now pained to know that some of our merchants have appropriated them as a platform on which they exhibit their wares, and neglect to remove the articles at dark. It starts anew the "Old Adam" in the almost devout when returning home- ward from church these dark evenings, to be severely punched in the stomach by a plow handle, or when the small boys have drawn the plow across the walk, to trip over it and smash our new beavers against salt barrelsand infinitely worse, when our lady friend, in assisting us to regain our perpendicular, soils her newest a la mode tie-back by contact with a kerosene barrel. WOUNDED CITIZENS.

Arkansas City, April 18, 1876.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

An interesting conversation took place between Amos Walton, of Winfield, and the stage driver, last Friday evening, that provoked the laughter and indignation of all present. It seems, from the driver's account, that Amos has been in the habit of "dead beating" his passage on the stage, and on this occasion the driver objected to it. However, Amos got through, but not until he had received a sound cursing from the driver. This is not the first instance of this kind, as some parties concerned in the Masonic festival at this place, and one conductor on the railroad, can testify.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

LECTURE. Mr. Charles Reynolds will lecture at the courthouse in Winfield this evening, for the benefit of the "Building Fund" of the Presbyterian church of that place. Subject: "The March and Convoys of Civilization." Admission, 50 cents.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

DIED. On Wednesday, April 13th, 1876, during confinement, Mrs. Flora Myrtle, wife of John Myrtle; aged 16 years and six months. The deceased was thrown from a horse some two months previous, and died during a second convulsion.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

REV. FLEMING and family returned last Wednesday. Mr. Fleming was selected as one of the number to attend the Synod, to be held at Brooklyn during the month of May. This will also enable him to visit the Centennial.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

INVITED. J. H. Sain sends us an invitation to ride thirty-five miles to Caldwell to attend a dance in his new drugstore. We'd do it in a minute, John, but we had one here lately, and it took all the skin off of our heels.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

There being no Sunday school at either church next Sunday, the children are requested to attend the children's meeting at 3 o'clock p.m. All are invited.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

COL. MANNING and James Kelly made us a call yesterday.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

The New York Herald of the 11th inst., gives the following synopsis of the famous decision of the Osage Ceded Land Case.

Case 401. Leavenworth, Lawrence and Galveston Railway Company vs. the United States. Appeal from the Circuit Court for the district of Kansas.

This was the action of the government to vacate patents issued to the road for what are known as the Osage ceded lands in Kansas. The patents were issued by the Governor of the State in pursuance of certified bids furnished him for that purpose by the Secretary of the Interior.

The Court holds that the lands so embraced had not been granted by Congress to the State to aid in the construction of the road, but were reserved from sale by law, and that the patents must be canceled.

The Secretary of the Interior having erred, his acts are void, for public officers can bind the Government only within the scope of their lawful authority. After examining the original legislation involved in the case, it is said that what is known as the Thayer act can have no effect upon the case. It was passed for a single purpose only: to enable the company to relocate the road, and a false recital therein contained cannot turn the authority to change the route of a railroad into a grant of lands or a recognition of one. Especially is this so when the act expressly leaves the right of the road to be determined by the previously existing legislation. Besides this, the lands at the time were in process of being sold under a joint resolution of Congress, and it cannot be presumed that the Congress of 1871 intended to change the disposition of them made by the Congress of 1869. Convinced that the act of 1863 did not grant the lands, nor the Senate amend ment bring into being any right which did not exist without it, the Court affirms the decree in favor of the Government.

Mr. Justice Davis delivered the opinion; dissenting, Justices Field, Swayne, and Strong.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

For carrying concealed weapons they sentence a negro in Georgia to twelve months' hard work in the chain gang and $50 fine. How many white men in that country do not carry concealed weapons?


Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.


I shall not take any photographs after the 25th of April. All in want of work will do well to call immediately.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

Vacuum Oil, Vacuum Oil. AT J. I. MITCHELL'S.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

Wanted. Two girls to do general housework. Inquire at the Central Avenue Hotel.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

J. I. Mitchell will oil a set of his make of harness at one-half price with Vacuum Oil, and warrant it the best.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

The patrons of Rose Hill Nursery, near Chetopa, have our sincere thanks for the promptness on time of delivery at Arkansas City. We wish you all success in tree growing, and the pleasure of eating the fruit. W. B. TRISSELL, AGENT.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

Ten milch cows for sale. Cal. Dean.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

Maps of Arkansas City for one dollar at this office.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

A Printing Press and Type enough for a small newspaper for $50, at this office.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

All kinds of writing material, box paper, envelopes, dime novels, dime song books and papers at the Post Office.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

Concordia is going to organize a company of militia.

Twelve wagon loads of trees recently started from Chetopa to Arkansas City.

Twenty-six car loads of emigrants passed through Iowa in one day for the Black Hills.

The Indians are on the war path between Forts Fetterman and Reno, Dacotah Territory. Gen. Crook, from Fetterman, has started to give them battle.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 19, 1876.

Yah-hah is the Creek name for wolf.

700 Creek Indian children are now in school.

Augustus Captain is President of the Osage Council.

Large flocks of mallard ducks dot the waters of the Arkansas River.

Some of our Kaw neighbors have been dancing at Osage Mission, Kansas.

The missionary's wife who struck at an Indian, in her dream, hit her liege lord.

The only flouring mill in the Creek Nation has just been started at Muskogee.

If you want to avoid trouble, keep away from miners and Indians in the Black Hills.

To-ho lah, a Creek Indian, owned fifty slaves at the beginning of the war in the States.

There are now more than 300 colored voters in the Creek Nation, who were once slaves in the tribe.

T. L. Roger, of Cherokee and Osage blood, is secretary of the council now in session at Osage Agency.

Seminoles and Creeks live in the same Reservation, though each tribe makes laws for its own Government.

"Big Jeff," a darkey who weighs 300 pounds, was once a slave in the Creek country, but is now judge of the Creek Nation.

"No co-sil la" is a member of the Creek Nation, and served as a scout in the service of the U. S. for a term of three years during the late war.

"Yah ma-cah" and "It u mar-tle," of the Creek country, have more than 500 hogs and think that more than 10,000 may be found in their reservation.

Owing to continued snows and swollen streams, chiefs and counselors have been unable to return, and of course nothing of importance has yet been done.

The Methodist members of the Seminole tribe hauled stone, made lime, and built for themselves on We who kah river, near Seminole Agency.

Fortunately, the people of this Agency are now practically temperate, hence the contin- uance of old time frog-ponds in the street is excusable in the absence of funds to be used for "civilizing purposes."

Mr. Conner, who has been so prominent in the service of Major Gibson during his official administration, is building an excellent border farm, near Sedan, Kansas, and expects to give us the parting hand at an early day.

The Osages have unanimously petitioned Congress to make one more liberal appropria tion of their money. They are in earnest about it this time, and are urging their new Agent, Beede, to represent them in Washington at once.

The people of this (Osage) country are suffering another financial panic, and our landlords cannot afford hotel keeping without occasional settlement of board bills, though they have been made by representatives of the "fair sex."

A tornado nearly 60 feet wide passed through the Delaware country on the night of the 5th inst., and blew to pieces the Delaware Baptist church. The loss of this new and well finished structure will be keenly felt by our Delaware neighbors.

As wolves gradually relinquished their hold upon our town-site and vicinity rabbits took their place, and on Monday last, since the earth has been so deeply burned in snow, the Osage school boys got loose and picked up twenty-four of them without the aid of dogs.

The Independence Courier says that the new agent of the Osages made a speech to the Indians the other day, telling them that he came down to make them quit stealing and running in debt. After he got through the Indians "Resolved, New agent heap dam rascal; worse than Gibson."

We deny the above statement with an equal degree of verbal force. The Osages are yet in council and are treating Agent Beede with a courtesy which Major Gibson never enjoyed among Indians.