Winfield Courier, Thursday, January 7, 1875.

TISDALE, Jan. 4th, 1875.

New Years is past in Tisdale. A dance in the evening equaling if not excelling the one held on Christmas Eve.

Our Lyceum is again in full blast. It commenced about three weeks ago. Our little paper, called the Repository, is quite spicy but meets with a good deal of opposition. Its remarks are sometimes sharp and cut deep. But our editors are somewhat independent and slash away no matter whom they offend.

Another relief meeting was held last Wednesday night, electing three additional committee members, viz: Seth Chase, Dr. Thompson, Mr. Whittaker.

Sunday school is again organized under the superintendence of Mr. Rounds. Mr. Rounds is a stranger among us, but seems to make a good beginning, and if he continues as he has begun, will make a valuable addition to our neighborhood.


Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

Joe North, commonly known as "Buffalo Joe," was taken from the jail at Wallace, Kansas, a short time ago by a band of masked men and hung to a telegraph pole. He was charged with killing a man by the name of Jones a year ago.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

The Ross faction in opposition to territorializing the Indian country south of us has been finally overcome, and we expect that now before the close of the present session of Congress, a territorial government will be there organized and in operationat least, it must soon follow. We regard it as a vast significance to Kansas, and think its effect will be desirable to us in the extreme. We shall watch the movement with much interest and report. Independence Tribune.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

The law that has just passed congress allowing pre-emptors and householders who have been driven from their homes by the destitution caused by the grasshoppers to leave for a year without forfeiting rights does not apply to the Osage lands.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

The bill pending before congress to establish a Federal court in the Indian Territory makes Fort Gibson the point of holding court. The circuit court of Kansas is made a court of appeal from the Territorial court.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

One row of cells in the military prison at Leavenworth has been completed.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

Orders have been issued from Washington, requiring every Indian to remain upon the reservations, and only leave when given a written permit by the Agent. If found off the reservation, without a permit, he is to be treated as a hostile Indian.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

In anyone thinks the Mennonites came to Kansas on account of poverty, let him be convinced of his error. We learn that a Russian gentleman of their persuasion, with half a million dollars capital, is about to build a combined foundry and machine shop at Moscow, in Marion County.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

Oxford Township has twenty-four hundred acres of wheat growing, and claims to be the banner township of Sumner County.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

A dispatch from Tucson says very rich gold mines have been discovered in Sonora on Star Miguel River. The claims cover a surface of two miles square.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

The editor of the Newton Kansan denies, vehemently, the report of small pox among the Mennonites at Newton. He says it is a lie made of whole cloth.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.







More Reading Matter

Than ever. It gives more news,



Than any other paper in the Southwest.



Is well adapted for doing


In the best possible manner.






Call and Examine



Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

Snow birds are uncommonly plenty this winter.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

Floral grange has resolved to proceed against horse thieves.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

The thermometer stood ten degrees below zero Tuesday morning.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

MARRIED. At the Baptist church in this city, by the Rev. N. L. Rigby, Mr. Samuel D. Pryor to Miss Llewellyn Waite, all of this city. No cards.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

The county officers elected last fall take their seats next Monday, at which time the present County Attorney, Probate Judge, and District Clerk step down and out.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

The Masons have rented the upper story of Sam Myton's new building for a hall. They intend to fit it up in splendid style, and when it is completed, they expect to have the finest Masonic Hall in Southern Kansas.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

The members of the Christian church gave their free supper last New Year's eve, at their church. A good crowd was in attendance, and from what we can learn we should judge that everybody was well pleased with the entire arrangement.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

T. A. Blanchard, the Cowley County grange agent, has received notice that two carloads of provisions were at Wichita, subject to his order. Half of one carload is intended for the destitute granges of Sumner County, and the remaining load and a half is for this county.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

The boys are making the most of the skating these days. We went down to the ice with a dull pair of skates the other day and know how it is ourself. We have hopes that the numerous joints dislocated in those few hours will regain their rightful positions sometime during the summer.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

A large number of the horses of this county are dying this winter, although there is no disease perceptible. Some ascribe the difficulty to the feeding of green wheat, while others (and we think they are right) ascribe the cause to the want of any kind of food.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

The icemen are in their element now, and they are packing away the frigid article at a lively rate. A. T. Stewart, A. N. Deming, and Joe Likowski are among the packers. The ice is clear and nice and eight inches thick, being thicker than it ever was before in this county, within the memory of the oldest inhabitants.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

The Floral grange, No. 756 P. of H. will hold a public installation of officers on Friday evening, January 15th. The exercises will consist principally of music and speaking. Refreshments will be served, but the proposed oyster supper will be dispensed with. Everybody is invited to be present.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

We regret to learn of the severe illness of Mrs. Greenlee, four miles south of town. Her daughter, Miss Jennie Greenlee, has been relieved of her duties as a school teacher, for a time, by Miss Mollie Bryant, in order that she may give her entire attention to the care of her mother.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

Dexter Grange, No. 195, P. of H., at their regular meeting January 2nd, 1875, installed their officers for the ensuing year as follows: Jessie V. Hines, master; J. B. Williams, overseer, T. R. Bryan, lecturer; T. A. Wagner, secretary; R. Hite, treasurer; G. W. Jones, chaplain; O. P. Darst, steward; James Nicholson, asst. steward; H. L. Laplin, gate keeper; Mrs. M. E. Wagner, Ceres; Miss Lettie A. Smith, Pomona; Mrs. R. HInes, Flora; Mrs. S. A. Williams, lady asst. steward. T. A. WAGNER, Secretary.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

We doubt if a pleasanter party ever assembled in Cowley County than that which met at the residence of Mr. Thomas Braidwood, 4-1/2 miles east of Winfield, on the last evening of the year 1874, to watch the coming of the New Year. The party was composed of a few of the young people of this city, a couple of the young ladies of the neighborhood, and the family of the amiable host and hostess, and the time passed pleasantly with music, vocal and instrumental, dancing, talking, and laughing, and not forgetting the delicious repast of cake, etc., which occurred just at the time when all were in a condition to enjoy it. The party broke up shortly after the entrance of 1875, and the guests departed for their homes satisfied of never having passed an evening more pleasantly.


Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

At a meeting of the Floral Grange No. 756 December 8th, 1874, the following resolutions were adopted.

WHEREAS, It has become necessary that we organize ourselves into a committee for self-protection against theft; therefore,

Be it Resolved, 1st, That we organize ourselves into a committee to be known as the Patron's Detective Committee, with headquarters at the Floral grange;

Resolved, 2nd, That we, the undersigned P. of H. do hereby pledge ourselves that when there is any theft committed we will promptly respond to the call.

Resolved, 3rd, That when there is a theft committed the owner of the property shall report immediately to the Master and Secretary whose duty it shall be to notify all the male members of said grange, whose duty it shall be to proceed immediately to search for and secure said property, if it be in their power, and also to apprehend the thief or thieves, and bring him or them to justice.

Resolved, 4th, That when a theft has been committed, if it be animals taken, each and every patron shall proceed in various directions, so that a thorough search may be made at all points of the compass.

Resolved, 5th, That after a thorough search has been made for one day, in the surrounding country, all return to their homes at nightfall, except the one getting information of, or a clue, to the thief or animal. It shall be the duty of the one getting such information or clue to pursue it until all hope is exhausted, or the thief or animal found.

Resolved, 6th, That if there be any necessary expense incurred in apprehending a thief or recovering property, it shall be paid by the grange; and further,

WHEREAS, Floral grange having organized themselves into a detective committee for the protection of their property against theft, do earnestly request that all patrons throughout the state form such committee, and render all assistance in their power, to any patron in search of stolen property, especially horses. We therefore further,

Resolved, That we ask the sanction and cooperation of the state grange, and that a copy of the above resolutions be handed the Winfield COURIER for publication.

Committee on Resolutions: H. L. BARKER, S. W. PHOENIX, L. B. STONE.


Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

Read This!

Township Relief committees which have not yet reported, should canvass their township and report immediately, in order that a full report may be sent to Topeka without delay.

By order of the County Central Committee.


Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

The Traveler is in favor of bonding the County indebtedness.

Congress has passed a bill granting the right of way through public lands to all railroads.

The commissioners of Howard County say there are five hundred families in that county who must have aid.

On January 10th the four-story stone edifice at Ottawa, known as Ottawa University, was destroyed by fire.

A jury has been obtained in the Beecher-Tilton suit, and the show begins. The front seats will undoubtedly be reserved for ladies.

The Elk Falls Journal says that five thousand people assembled at Elk Falls and passed resolutions asking congress to open the Indian Territory to settlers.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.

The Herd Law.

The question of herd law will undoubtedly receive a large share of public attention the coming spring. The COURIER has published two articles on the subject, one for and the other against. We have always advocated a herd law and have yet to see or hear anything to change our views on the subject. The columns of the COURIER are always open for a fair and respectful discussion of that or any other subject. And we will volunteer this much, that if there is anything to be done in the matter, now is the time to do it, for when spring opens up there will be no time to attend to such business.

Winfield Courier, January 7, 1875.


The above named gentleman took his departure this morning with the view of locating in some eastern city. Anticipating his departure, the members of the bar met night before last and passed a series of very appropriate resolutions, which will be found on another page of this paper.

In losing Mr. Torrance, not only Winfield, but Cowley County, loses one of her choicest citizens. As a lawyer we may say, without disparaging the claims of any other member, that he ranked foremost at our bar. As a citizen `tis enough to say that he was a gentleman in every sense of the word. As a friend he was invaluable. As county attorney of this county for four years, he was ever mindful of the public interests and managed his office with such skill and ability to say nothing of integrity, that he left it with the universal commendation and respect of the people. Let him go where he may, E. S. Torrance will long retain a warm corner in the hearts of the people of Cowley County.


Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.


Tom Scott, president of the Atlantic & Pacific railroad, is before congress with a bill asking aid for a railroad through to the Pacific. We hope he will get the aid. The road will probably pass through the Indian Territory, east and west, about ninety-five miles south of here.

Put life into this Atlantic & Pacific road. Give it a land grant through the Territories.

We hope the legislature will have the moral stamina, to express what every sensible man knows to be public sentiment on this one question. Kansas is immensely interested in the construction of this southern line. Let it at once ask our congressional delegation to give this enterprise a helping hand. This will enable many a befogged politician in Washington to see his way clear. Gentlemen, speak out on this matter.


Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

City Council Proceedings.

Council met December 21st at council room. Present: S. C. Smith, mayor, H. S. Silver, J. D. Cochran, R. B. Saffold, and S. Darrah, councilmen; J. W. Curns, clerk.

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved after which the following business was transacted.

L. Lippmann presented a bill of $20.63 for building sidewalks, which was referred to finance committee and reported unfavorably on.

The bill was rejected on account of its not being signed by Mr. Lippmann.

C. A. Bliss presented a bill of $20.62 for building sidewalks along lots 4 and 5 in block 150 in Winfield, which was referred to the finance committee and reported favorably thereon. On motion the bill was allowed.

Bill of George Gray for removing dead dogs, was referred to finance committee.

A. Rich presented a bill of $15 for grading Main street, which was rejected on account of the city having no contract with Mr. Rich to do said grading.

A petition asking for a sidewalk from Main Street along the north side of lot 1 in block number 110 and extending across lots 17 and 18 in block 110 in Winfield was presented, signed by Mrs. C. M. Bradish and others, which petition was received and referred to the committee on streets and sidewalks, who reported favorably thereon; the petition was granted and it was ordered that the owner of said lots be notified to build said walks within 30 days from this date.

Messrs. C. A. Bliss and Enoch Maris appeared and asked the council to make provision for the purchasing of a lot in the cemetery grounds for the use of the city, in pursuance of which, it was moved and seconded that a committee of three, consisting of S. Darrah, R. B. Saffold, and H. S. Silver be appointed to confer with the cemetery committee in regard to purchasing a part or the whole of said cemetery. Motion carried.

Motion carried to adjourn to meet Dec. 22, at 4 o'clock p.m. S. C. SMITH, Mayor.

J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.

Council met December 22nd at 4 p.m., in pursuance of adjournment. Mayor Smith presiding; councilmen present, R. B. Saffold, H. S. Silver, and S. Darrah.

The committee on streets and sidewalks reported that they had contracted with John Austin to fill the grade on Main street at the price of $45, which had been completed according to contract and reported favorably on the work. On motion the report was adopted.

John Austin presented a bill of $45 for grading main street, which was referred to finance committee, who reported favorably thereon and on motion the bill was allowed.

The committee on (dog) pound was instructed to procure a pound at once.

On motion adjourned. S. C. SMITH, Mayor.

J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.



Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

Ice is twelve inches thick.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

R. B. Saffold has gone to Leavenworth.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

E. S. Torrance took his final departure from Winfield this morning.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

Captain James McDermott and Dr. J. P. Wagner were in town last Monday.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

We had the pleasure of a visit from Captain Hunt and Mr. Bernard the other day.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

The law firm of Fairbank, Torrance & Green has dissolved. See dissolution notice.


NOTICE is hereby given that the co-partnership heretofore existing between the undersigned, under the firm name of Fairbank, Torrance & Green has been dissolved by mutual consent. The firm has no debts, and all accounts due them will be settled with, by A. H. Green.


Winfield, Kansas, Jan. 11, 1875

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

Judge Johnson goes to Cleveland, Ohio, after his wife next Monday. He expects to be gone a month.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

There have been 301 Marriage Licenses issued since the organization of Cowley County, to the 1st of January, 1875.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

Our County Treasurer, Mr. E. B. Kager, returned yesterday from his semi-annual trip to Topeka, where he paid over Cowley's share of the state tax.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

The third public entertainment of the Winfield Institute will be given at the courthouse on Wednesday evening, Jan. 20th, consisting of musical and literary exercises.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

We hope for lots of hot weather next summer to make a market for the vast amount of ice that is being put up in this place. No less than six ice houses have been filled, amounting to about four hundred tons.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

The carpenters are at work putting the counters and shelving into Sam Myton's new brick. G. W. Prater and Irv. Randall are doing the work. It is expected that it will be ready for occupation in about four weeks.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

The Literary and Dramatic Entertainment, which was to have taken place last Friday evening, was, on account of bad weather, postponed until Saturday evening, the 16th inst.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

News has been received from the Surveying Corps in the Territory, of which Tell Walton is a member, contradictory of the report which we published a few weeks since. According to the last report, being from Tell himself, he is well and his eyesight all right.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

Rev. James E. Platter, chairman of the County Central Relief Committee, informs us that there is now on the road from Wichita to this place 5,000 pounds of flour and meal and three boxes of goods supposed to be clothing. The Committee have already apportioned the flour and meal to the different townships.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

A heavy theft was perpetrated here a night or two ago. It seems that Sheriff Walker took a threshing machine from somewhere on the Walnut to town and left it in the yard attached to the livery of Morris & Bro. Sometime during the night the machine was spirited away, no one knew whither. It was finally found, however, and brought to town. We have heard of thieves stealing saw mills and such like, but this is the first instance on record of a threshing machine being stolen.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

DIED. On Friday evening, Jan. 8th, after a lingering illness, Mrs. Margaret Greenlee, wife of Wm. Greenlee, Esq. The funeral took place last Sunday, at the residence of the family, four and a half miles south of town. The services were conducted by Rev. J. E. Platter. "Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord from henceforth; Yes, saith the spirit that they may not rest from their labors and their work do follow them." P.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

Last Friday will long be remembered as perhaps the coldest day ever experienced in the state of Kansas. The wind which was from the south was light and warm enough to cause a slight thaw at daybreak, Friday morning. But all at once in the very twinkling of an eye, it leaped to the north, from whence it burst a perfect tempest, and kept it up with increased vigor until far into the night, sending the fluid in the Thermometer down to 16 degrees below zero. Few casualties worthy of note happened in this vicinity that we have heard of. Doubtless many people suffered, as many are illy prepared for such intense cold. And we have only to thank Him who tempers the wind to the shorn lamb that we have yet no deaths by freezing to chronicle.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

The new county officers entered upon the discharge of their duties last Monday. A. J. Pyburn is a lawyer of ability, and a gentleman in every way qualified to discharge the duties of County Attorney. H. D. Gans is a rising young man, courteous and affable to all who have business with him, and with a little experience will make an efficient Probate Judge. Although we opposed the election of both of these gentlemen, we have no doubt but that their official career will give universal satisfaction. As for E. S. Bedilion, Clerk of the District Court, he is the right man in the right place. With his peculiar fitness for the position, and long experience, his duties will be discharged with promptness, ability, and fidelity. In any event these gentlemen have our best wishes for their future success.

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

Last Monday evening as we were passing the courthouse, the cry of "fire" startled us and we followed Ed Bedilion and N. C. McCulloch up the stairs of Burt Covert's residence. As we entered, the table, from which the supper dishes had not yet been taken, and a board partition against which the table stood, were blazing brightly. Mr. McCulloch pulled the cloth from the table and let the dishes fall upon the floor, breaking the major part of them. The blazing cloth he threw out of doors after which the fire was soon extinguished. The trouble was caused by the explosion of a kerosene lamp. Immediately upon noticing the fire burning down into the bowl of the lamp, Mrs. Covert grasped her babe and with her sister (the ladies being alone at the time) went to the courthouse and informed Messrs. Bedilion and McCulloch of the fact. While they were gone the lamp burst with the above result.


Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

Maple Grove Grange No. 714, P. of H. at regular meeting on the first Monday evening in December, the following named members were elected to fill the several offices for the ensuing year.

Master, Wm. Orr; Overseer, T. J. Johnson; Lecturer, A. Frazer; Steward, A. Orr; asst. Steward, D. Ferguson; Chaplain, John C. Roberts; Treasurer, J. H. Land; Secretary, Chas. A. Roberts; gate keeper, G. W. Prater; Ceres, Mrs. C. A. Roberts; Flora, Mrs. A. Frazer; Pomona, Miss Maggie Bush; Lady Asst. Steward, Mrs. Jos. C. Roberts; Trustees: Rev. Sol Ferguson, G. W. Prater, and J. H. Curfman. JOS. C. ROBERTS, Sec'y.

[LOST OR STOLEN: two pointer bird dogs...L. J. WEBB.]

Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

Lost or Stolen.

On or about the 10th or 11th day of January, 1875, two pointer bird dogs, one about 3 years old, white with several large cinnamon colored spots; also "double nose." Had on a leather collar with an iron ring in it, and a round brass tax tag for 1874. The other, a pup about six months old, same color and spots, with single nose, no collar. Old dog answers to the name of "Jack" and young one "Dick." Anyone giving information leading to the recovery of one or both of the dogs will be suitably rewarded. Call on or address

L. J. WEBB, Winfield.


Winfield Courier, January 14, 1875.

Bar Meeting.

At a meeting of the Winfield bar held at the office of J. E. Allen, Jan. 12th, 1875, D. A. Millington, Esq., was chosen chairman, and J. E. Allen, Secy. Col. E. C. Manning, S. D. Pryor, and A. J. Pyburn were appointed a committee on resolutions, who reported the following which were unanimously adopted.

WHEREAS, E. S. Torrance is about to leave us to establish for himself a more eastern home, therefore, we the members of the bar of Cowley County, state of Kansas, being duly assembled, adopt, as the voice of this meeting the following resolutions.

Resolved, That it is with deep regret that we part with a brother attorney so able and eminent in his profession, so urbane and gentlemanly in his deportment, so noble and generous in his instincts, so honorable in his transactions, so incorruptible in his integrity as is E. S. Torrance.

Resolved, That we lose by his departure one of the brightest ornaments of the Bar, one of the most promising of the rising young men of our district, true and energetic as an advocate and counselor and faithful as a friend.

Resolved, That as County Attorney of this county for two terms, covering a period of four years last past, he has been ever faithful to the interests of the public, allowing no personal or political considerations to swerve him from the strict line of duty, and has ever discharged his official labors with distinguished ability and scrupulous integrity.

Resolved, That we heartily commend him to all with whom his lot may be cast and that we earnestly hope and believe that he is yet destined to make a bright record in the history of our county.

Resolved, That the secretary be directed to furnish each of the county papers with a copy of these resolutions, requesting their publication. D. A. MILLINGTON, Chairman.

J. E. ALLEN, Secretary.

Note: Skipped Cowley County Treasurer's General Statement; school fund and school bond fund; statements made by E. B. Kager, County Treasurer, and M. G. Troup, County Clerk, dated January 6, 1875.


Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

We understand that a movement is on foot to vote $10,000 bonds to build an addition to the schoolhouse in this district. Now while we would take as much pleasure in having a splendid school building with ample accommodations as any man in the district, yet we consider it the heighth of folly to vote that, or any other amount of bonds at this time. Nor do we believe the voters of school district No. 1 are crazy enough to let it be done. This district pays now a tax of seven mills on the dollar on a bond of $5,000, to build the one we have already got, and to double or triple that amount in the face of drouth, grasshoppers and everything else, would be sheer lunacy. We hope the movers of this thing will give it up at least until we have recovered from our present distress.


Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.


The Old Hog Gets Down To His Wallowing In The Mire!

When the old carpet-bagger started his paper, he promised the public that he would not get down to the "dirty pools of blackguardism." We predicted at the time that the old male prostitute's life had been such that he could not keep up the "high moral" tone any great length of time. However, we were willing to give him a fair trial; knowing that the good book said that "while the lamp held out to burn, the vilest sinner might return." But our prediction was verified sooner than we expected. The old hog that was going to bring about a new order of things in the era of Journalism in Cowley County couldn't hold out any longer; but must return to wallowing in the mire, from which he was raised, and in which he has spent his worse then useless life. We did not intend to tell the good people of Cowley what kind of a man this Alexander was, who had made to them such fair promises to get their support for his bastard paper. Although there are a good many things we might tell on him were we so inclined, every word of which is easily susceptible of proof.

Suppose we should tell the public how this man Alexander had rented his Leavenworth property to prostitutes. How he had first starved and then abandoned his wife (if she was his wife); and how he came to Cowley with a young woman dressed in male garb, whom he called "Charley;" how he was convicted and fined for selling whiskey without license; how he got money under false pretenses; how he was the only man to be found in the city of Winfield who was low enough in the slough of degradation to rent a house in the city of Winfield to a couple of prostitutes from Wichita, where they might ply their nefarious trade and inveigle our young men to their ruin. How he kept in this very town, a woman whom he introduced as his "sister," and cohabited with her for months at a time. Should we tell all these things of this old reprobate, people would think we were indulging in something personal. We have a great many other things we could tell, but we do not propose to get down to the dirty pools of blackguardism, hence we will say nothing about it.


Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

A Bad Law.

We hope that a law will be passed repealing the law enacted last winter, prohibiting trials of speed at Fairs. If this is not done, it might as well be understood that fairs in this state will not be held. They cannot be made successful without good, square, "agricultural horse trots." The state fair last fall was a wretched, miserable failure because of this absurd prohibition. The reforming asses of the last legislature who undertook to abolish trials of speed might just as well have entitled their bill, "An act to Abolish Fairs." For that is its practical effect. Wipe it from the statute books and let us have our annual state, district, and county fairs. Champion.

Them's our sentiments.


Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

From the Territory.


Kiowa and Comanche Reservation,

Indian Territory, Dec. 31st, 1874.

EDITOR COURIER: Dear Sir: Since writing my last I have made one more trip to Fort Sill with pack ponies, for provisions. Found everything quiet there. There are about 2,500 Kiowas and Comanches camped at the agency drawing rations. There were about 500 ponies that were taken from the Indians shot according to orders, and about fifteen hundred sold at auction. The greater part of these were bought by Texans at an average price of $5 per head. That will probably cripple the Indians on the warpath to some extent. It is generally supposed that the Indian war is about at a close; as near as I can learn there have been 16 Indians killed during the whole campaign, and nine of them were killed in a party by buffalo hunters at the Doby Wells, up on the Canadian, leaving 7 killed by the troops. The different commands have about all come in, on account of not being able to carry on a winter's campaign. All of the Indians on the warpath have fled to the Guadalupe mountains for protection. The government is starting a supply camp about 150 miles west of Fort Sill, as the Fort is too far from the seat of war to haul supplies. As I write we are having another terrible sleet; every thing is literally covered. Our stock are suffering for the want of grass that the sleet has covered.

No more at present; I may write again at some future time. Yours truly,



Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.


For the year 1875 we shall publish a list of all the strays taken up in Cowley, Howard, Sumner, Butler, and Greenwood counties. We believe this will be of great benefit to those who may have stock to stray off.

Cowley CountyM. G. Troup, Clerk.

HORSE. Taken up by W. R. Watkins, Tisdale tp., a roan horse, right hand foot white, right fore foot white, small white spot on forehead, about 14 hands high, branded on left shoulder UH, supposed to be three years old next spring. Valued $20.

MARE. Also, one iron gray mare, right fore leg very light, white in forehead, inside of left front foot part white, about three years old past, about 13 hands high, brand like UH on left shoulder. Both very wild and unbroken. Mare valued $25.

Butler CountyV. Brown, Clerk.

PONY. Taken up by W. Hey, Sycamore tp., one bright bay pony, about 12 hands high, TUL on right hip, intelligible brand on left shoulder and left flank, right hip broken down.

FILLY. Also, one bright bay filly, left hind foot white and stripe in face. Both valued $33.

Greenwood CountyL. N. Faucher, Clerk.

STEER. Taken up by W. Golding, Lane tp., one three year old red Texas steer, SX on right hip, right ear cropped smooth, left ear under half crop, valued $8.

MARE. Taken up by S. T. Stewart, Salem tp., Nov. 20, a bay mare three years old, saddle marks, 14-1/2 hands high, 3 on left shoulder, valued $30.

MARE. Also, one bay mare, two years old, 14 hands high, 3 on left shoulder, valued $30.

MARE. Taken up by J. F. Cochran, Eureka tp., Dec. 2, one light bay mare 8 years old.

MARE. Also, one dark bay mare about 11 years old, right hind foot white.

COLT. Also, one sucking colt, bay, white stripe in forehead. Altogether valued $100.

COLT. Taken up by G. W. Hellums, Spring Creek tp., Dec. 7, one dun horse colt, one year old, dark main and tail, nose black, dark legs. Left hind foot white half way to pastern joint, unintelligible brand on left shoulder, valued $18.

HORSE. Taken up by I. Kester, Pleasant Grove tp., Dec. 9, one sorrel horse, star in forehead, 2 years old, medium sized, appraised $20.

Howard CountyM. B. Light, Clerk.

HORSE. Taken up by C. A. Eckart, Nov. 17, a dun-Texas pony horse, about ten years old, an unknown brand on left hip, appraised $12.


Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

The M. K. & T. Railroad is in the hands of a receiver named Wm. Bond.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

Quite a pleasant little party took place at the Lagonda House Tuesday evening.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

Miss Wright of Arkansas City is stopping in town with her brother-in-law, Mr. Kager.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

Mr. T. A. Wilkinson starts for Wisconsin next Monday to solicit aid for the destitute of Cowley.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

L. J. Webb and Mr. Bernard went hunting on Timber Creek Tuesday and slaughtered 49 rabbits.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

James Kelly, late District Clerk of Cowley County, turned the office over to his successor, Mr. E. S. Bedilion, on the 19th inst.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

T. H. Johnson started for Cleveland, Ohio, Monday morning last. W. M. Boyer will officiate as Police Judge during his absence.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

Miss Hawkins and Mr. and Mrs. Baker of Arkansas City have been stopping with Mr. Deming of the Lagonda House for the past few days.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

The entertainment given at the courthouse last week for the benefit of the school organ fund, in which the Arkansas City Dramatic Club took part, lacked just two dollars of paying expenses.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

Rev. James E. Platter, Chairman of the Central Relief Society, has returned from Wichita, where he has been to appoint an agent and rent store rooms for the reception of relief goods sent to this county.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

We take particular pleasure in calling the attention of the public to the law card of Major John R. Fairbank, which appears in this paper. Maj. Fairbank is one of the ablest lawyers in the state; a gentleman of rare culture, strict integrity, and an ornament to his profession.


NOTE: Address not given.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

A panther measuring between seven and eight feet in length, and three feet high, was killed at the mouth of Grouse Creek this week by Mr. A. J. Reeves. The animal will be exhibited in this city next Friday and Saturday.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

The play, "On his last legs," was given here last Saturday night by the Arkansas City Dramatic Club to a large and attentive audience. Seeing that they are new beginners, the company did well, and the audience seemed to appreciate their efforts to please.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

The Pleasant View schoolMiss Nettie Porter, teacher, assisted by the Maple Grove schoolMiss Kate Millington, teacher, gave an exhibition, on a small scale, at the house of the former, last evening. The exercises consisted of declamations, singing, and spelling. The selections were good, well prepared, and usually well rendered. The whole affair was pleasant and enjoyable. These exhibitions or "spelling schools" as they are called, occur weekly, alternating between the two districts.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

Esquire Ballou and other farmers living in the vicinity of Dexter, through the management of Capt. McDermott, are about to secure a large loan of money from a capitalist of Hamilton, New York, at the low rate of 12 percent per annum. This they propose to loan in smaller quantities to other farmers at a small advance and secure the same by first mortgages on their farms. If this arrangement be perfected, and it is probable that it will, none of our 36 or 50 percent men will have to emigrate.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

We neglected to note the fact last week that the examining board, consisting of Probate Judge Johnson, John B. Fairbank, and Wirt W. Walton, "went through" the Treasurer's office week before last. They found everything, we believe, as contemplated by the late law, except that Mr. Kager had in lieu of the currency which the law requires him to have on hand, some $700 or $800 in post office orders and bank checks. We cannot well see how the law can be complied with in this respect. Nevertheless it is the law. The committee will make their report to the county board at its April meeting.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

Seven granges along the Arkansas River have combined their means for the purpose of erecting a flouring mill at what is known as the big bend on the above mentioned stream, if it shall be deemed feasible by the engineercounty surveyor Waltonwho is now surveying the proposed site. This looks like business and we would like to see more of the granges adopt the same plan.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

If persons in the east shipping supplies to our county would take shipping bills from the railroads and send them to the committee here, we could trace goods which did not come forward in proper time. Simply saying in private letter, "We have shipped this day," or still worse, "We expect to ship next week, supplies for your county," gives us no information upon which we can act. Any persons who have railroad receipts for goods shipped as relief will put the committee in the way of helping them by sending them to us. Again, DO NOT have goods marked for individuals care of committee, for in that case, railroads will not ship free. Send them to the committee as heretofore directed and put the individual's name for whom they are intended INSIDE the box. You can also mark the box "for _______ blank township" (put the name of the township in the blank), then it will go to your township committee. Capt. Harrelson of Tisdale Township will look after the interests of Cowley County at Wichita. J. E. PLATTER, Chairman.

Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

A young man named Joe Straidler, formerly in the employ of J. G. Titus of this place, took it into his head to raise the "wind" slightly, on his own hook a day or two ago. So being fully aware of the stringency in the money market, especially in Cowley, devised a by no means original plan whereby to replenish his much depleted exchequer. He drew up a note, and unlawfully, and feloniously attached thereto, such "filthy lucre" raising names as J. G. Titus, and C. C. Black. The note, so well endorsed, was presented by this young man to the Arkansas City banks for "shave." Luckily, however, the signatures of the drawers were well known there, and after a careful comparison with those on the note, they were found not to be identical. Whereupon word was dispatched to Messrs. Titus and Black, who struck right out in quest of Joe, and much to his discomfiture, found him, and brought him before Justice Boyer, where he waived examination and was sent to jail.

Joe certainly acted cutely in making the note. It was drawn for $114.69, the cents giving it the appearance of exactness. But Joe erred in offering to shave these gentlemen's paper so ruinously, as their paper is not the kind which goes a begging for buyers. No doubt Joe is well enough satisfied as he is boarding at the expense of the county.


Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

LAZETTE, Kansas, Jan. 19, 1875.

The citizens of Windsor Township met pursuant to a call, to organize an aid society and elect a committee to cooperate with the Cowley County committee on relief, in procuring aid for the needy. The officers of the Windsor Township aid society, are S. M. Tillson, Pres., C. J. Phenis, Vice Pres., A. J. Pickering, sec. Committee consisting of I. N. McCracken, C. J. Phenis, S. B. Sherman. On motion there was a committee of one elected for each school district to assist in canvassing the township to ascertain the exact number of destitute. The following were the appointments: Dist. No. 15, P. McDaniel; Dist. 14, W. E. Gates; Dist. 16, S. D. Tomlin, Dist, 87, T. J. Harris, Dist. 57, Jesse Hiatt. By order of the society the committee will canvass the township and report on Thursday evening, and send in their report to the Co. relief committee on Friday. On motion it was ordered by the society that a copy of the proceedings of this meeting be furnished the COURIER and the Traveler for publication. A. J. PICKERING, Secy.


Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

January 11th, 1875.

At a meeting of the citizens of School District Number 67 of Cedar Township, Cowley County, Kansas, to take action in regard to the destitute of said school district, L. T. Wells was called to the chair, and A. A. Metcalf was chosen Secretary. The following preamble and resolutions were then read and adopted.

WHEREAS, The citizens of Cedar Township have failed to organize a relief committee in said township, and

WHEREAS, There is already great need of relief, especially in district 67. Therefore,

Be it Resolved, That we the citizens of said district appoint a committee of three to look after our needy and to correspond with the chairman of the Central Relief Committee of this county and procure such relief as is needed or can be procured and be it further

Resolved, That a copy of this resolution and minutes of this meeting be furnished the Winfield COURIER, with a request that the same be published.

The following gentlemen were chosen as above named committee: S. E. Butler, Ira Patton, A. A. Metcalf. L. T. WELLS, Chairman.

A. A. Metcalf, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

Lazette News.

January 12th, 1875.

Old settlers report the snap of Friday last, as the bluest day ever experienced in Kansas. The mercury went down from twelve to fourteen degrees below zero.

A protracted meeting was begun on Thursday night by Rev. Mr. Wingar, but the excessive cold compelled its suspension.

The mail line, running from Independence to Wellington, have a fearful time getting the Lazette mails through. Every sudden gust of wind, or fall of snow, causes a failure in connections. Our citizens have gotten up a petition to the Postmaster General, asking that the nuisance be abated. By this time it takes a letter from one week to ten days to reach the county seat and return its answer to this place.

The new mill is turning out lumber pretty rapidly, and preparations are pushing forward toward the completion of the flouring department.

Mr. S. M. Fall is again able to walk about and attend to business.

Business is pretty brisk here considering the season and the very cold weather.

Mr. Samuel Wood, one of our best citizens, left with his family on Monday last for the Lone Star State. He goes accompanied by the best wishes of all who know him.

The Grouse Valley Teacher's Association will meet at this place on Saturday, the 23rd inst., when the following programme will be presented:

Essay, Miss Bell Dudley.

Philosophy of Teaching, J. J. Wingar.

American History, J. M. Woollen.

English Grammar, R. C. Story.

Primary Arithmetic, Miss Ida Daggett.

Practical Arithmetic, Mr. Hulse.

All persons interested in educational matters are invited to attend.

Lazette News.

January 20th, 1875.

Thus far in the winter no steps have been taken toward organizing a society to secure aid for those in this section who may be needy. Doubtless a committee of investigation would find a number of families along Grouse Creek to whom a little aid would be a blessing.

Several of our citizens have taken advantage of the recent short (?) cold snap to secure ice for the coming summer.

The school taught by Julius Woollen closed its term on the 20th inst. Mr. Woollen is one of the best instructors in the valley, and his school has been a successful one.

The Lazette school closed this week. Fifty-two scholars were enrolled, and the attendance was remarkably good for the greater portion of the time.

The school taught by Roll Maurer some few miles south of Lazette closed its session this week.

Since Judge Gans entered on his official duties, he has been much missed at Lazette. His form is now seldom seen in his old haunts, and his voice is silent where it was once so often heard. Our loss is Winfield's gain.

Mr. Craft has taken possession of the farms bought by himself just south of town.

Joseph Sweet has purchased the Dudley farm on Spring Creek and intends turning his attention to sheep raising.


Winfield Courier, January 21, 1875.

The Origin of Indian Names.

A member of Major Powell's expedition, which has been engaged in the Government survey of the Territories, furnished the New York Tribune some interesting notes of the discoveries made in the origin of Indian names.

It seems that each tribe or primary organization of Indians, rarely including more than 200 souls, is, in obedience to the traditional laws of these people, attached to some well- defined territory or district, and the tribe takes the name of such district. Thus the U-in-tats, known to white men as a branch of the Utes, belonged to the Uintah Valley.

U-imp is the name for pine; too-meap, for land or country; U-im-too-meap, pine land; but this has been contracted to U-in-tah, and the tribe inhabiting the valley were called


The origin of the term Ute is as follows: U is the term signifying arrow; U-too-meap, arrow land. The region of country bordering on Utah Lake is called U-too-meap because of the great number of reeds growing there, from which their arrow-shafts were made.

The tribe formerly inhabiting Utah Valley was called U-tah-ats, which has been corrupted into the term Ute by the white people of the country.

The name U-tah-ats belonged only to a small tribe living in the vicinity of the lake, but it has been extended so as to include the greater part of the Indians of Utah and Colorado. Another general name used by white men is Piutes. A tribe of U-tah-ats being defeated and driven away by a stronger tribe, who occupied their country and took their name, were obliged to take a new name corresponding to the new home in which they settled themselves. But they also called themselves Pai U-tah-ats, or true U-tah-ats. The corrupted name Piutes is now applied to the Indians of a large section of country. Several of these tribes have numerous names, and in this way the number of individual tribes has probably been much overestimated. Galaxy for February.


Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

The government stables of Fort Leavenworth were destroyed by fire last Saturday. The loss is estimated at $100,000.

Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.


All last week, rumors were rife to the effect that an attempt was being made to divide Butler County on the twenty mile strip, take six miles off the north end of Cowley, and out of said territory, form a new county. Several gentlemen living at the north side of our county came into this office during the week and informed us of the fact, but at the same time we could not believe that the report had any well grounded foundation. Saturday, however, D. A. Millington, Esq., received a letter from Captain Shannon, of Augusta, Butler County, warning him that such a move was on foot, and asking our cooperation in frustrating the measure.

Mr. Millington circulated a remonstrance against any attempt to change the boundary lines of Cowley County, which remonstrance received three hundred signatures in a very little while.

A meeting was called the same evening at the courthouse, which was numerously attended notwithstanding the fact that only a few hours notice had been given. The meeting was organized with D. A. Millington as Chairman, and James Kelly, Secretary. A resolution was unanimously passed, opposing the giving away of any part of Cowley County. Speeches were made by A. T. Stewart, Wm. Bartlow, and others.

The meeting resolved unanimously to send Col. E. C. Manning to Topeka to watch our interests. Nearly enough money was subscribed on the spot to pay his expenses. A committee consisting of A. T. Stewart, Wm. Bartlow, and Wm. Rogers were appointed to canvass the town to raise the balance needed. These gentlemen, acting with their usual zeal and energy, did their work before they slept that night, and the result was that Col. Manning was in Topeka Tuesday noon. Now we defy any committee to best that time. The meeting acted wisely in sending Col. Manning. He has brains and experience and is perfectly able to cope with all the divisionists they may send from Butler County. We have not heard from Col. Manning, but expect to before going to press.


Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

Herd Law.

MR. EDITOR: I saw a communication in the COURIER of Dec. 8th from Longhorn (ashamed to give his legitimate name) asking a repeal of the herd law. He commences: "Fellow farmers," then "chinch bugs, drouth, grasshoppers, blinky milk, fatting pigs on grasshoppers at one cent per pound," and about going to "wife's folks." Then talks about "mild climate, sparkling pure water, rich fertile land, making rails on shares, stone fence," then after all the good and bad things, asks the question, "Is the present herd law suited to the best interests of the people of Cowley?" Then to prove that the herd law is a great curse, he commences with a lingo of slang that the farmers won't put out hedges, and about hard times and mortgages, taxes, big cattle men, and what kind nature has done for us, a hundred and one other good and bad things. Just sum it all up, add it together, divide it, and then multiply it, and what does it amount to? Just this: Ought from ought and nothing remains.

I am not acquainted with the gentleman but think he is either a fool, insane, or destitute of a good moral principleeither one is bad enough! Does the herd law curse all these things? If it does, it must be a terrible thing in its nature. One of his arguments is making rails on the shares. I ask, where would he make them, in Indiana or maybe in the great valley and tributaries of Silver Creek, in Cowley County, with only a few twisty elms and sycamore trees, with a little underbrush?

I have been a citizen of Cowley County for most five years. I live near the Walnut River, which has more timber on it than all the other rivers and creeks in the county, and by strict inquiry, I can't hear of one man who will let timber to be split into rails on the shares, or any other way. Every sensible, intelligent man knows that the rail timber and saw timber is about used up, and what is left is of very little account for anything much less for rails.

How foolish and inconsistent some men do talk. Selfishness and self-interest causes a great many men to become dishonest, one side, all for me and mine. Longhorn well knows that there is not enough of rail timber in the county to fence one township against a Texas steer.

Do be honest and consistent, if you never accomplish your ends. After he gets through with his rails on shares, he then says there is such an abundance of splendid rock for fence building that costs nothing. He did tell one truth, there is an abundance sure enough. I suppose Longhorn has a good supply on his own farm. Suppose there is, who is able to fence his plow land with rock, put in his crops, cultivate and harvest them, all against the first of November next, pray tell me? I wonder if Longhorn is. I think not.

Talk about fencing with rock, supporting his family, raising a crop, and many other things to be attended to, all in so small a space of time, is not talking good sense; and just passing through terrible disaster and scourge, when starvation is staring nine-tenths of the farmers in the face, children crying for bread, thinly and poorly clad, not bed clothes enough to keep them warm at night, and nearly all their farms heavily mortgaged, paying a terrible interest, trying to get through this disaster so as to raise another crop to keep them and their families alive. And we are not one-fourth of the way through yet after all these hard things and hard times, in the midst of poverty and want and famine, still want to help a worse curse upon the poor farmers.

It is more than flesh and blood can bear only to please a few and only a few, selfish, designing, plotting, speculators, who, to accomplish their hellish ends, would drive three fourths of the people out of the county.

Talk about stock men helping to pay our taxes. Big cattle men, there is no truth in it. Those who own large herds of cattle do not pay any taxes on them. If they are assessed, they manage to run their cattle out of the county before tax paying time.

One of our township assessors told me that it was no use to assess these big stock men, for they managed to clear out before tax paying time.

And if some of us don't see fit to invest our means in stock, whose business is it? We all have some stock and may have more, if we please to. If you want to have large flocks and herds, go ahead, we can't all be big men.

One of our most successful stock men told me it always paid him big to hire herders, and corral his cattle at night. It made them more gentle and tame and he always knew where they were and lost none.

And if we are so unfortunate that we can't have but small herds, four or five of us little one horse men can club together and hire a herder. And we can raise you big stock men cheap corn to winter your longhorns on. I believe it is possible that a man can own large herds and flocks and still be an honest man. Old Abraham, the father of the faithful, was rich in flocks and herds, and according to bible history was a very good man. Why was he? Because he kept herders all the time, day and night.

And you, who are rich in stock, must have herders all the time or you can't be honest. If you don't, your longhorns will eat us little men up. So how can you be honest? Some of this same clique call little stock men paupers. I wonder if they understand the word pauper. I think not. I understand the meaning of the word skunk, and we have quite a number in Cowley County.

I have been a citizen of Kansas for fifteen years, have never left, never intend to. I made my way through the big war on our border, and the big drouth in sixty. I had to battle with the noted Quantrell and all the bushwhackers. I faced the music and am now passing through another disaster, and thank God, I am well and hearty and feel good for several more years of hardships. But after all my combats, I, with others, now have the devil to fight with his long horns. A cloven foot. I intend to fight it out on this line if it takes the next five years.



Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

Tisdale Items.

Thermometers have gone up and the sunny south is again among us, and still the people are not happy.

And some go around with a very broad grin, that reaches down below the chinbecause relief does not come as fast as anticipated.

A singing school has been organized under the superintendence of Professor Thomas. It promises to be a complete success.

The Tisdale Lyceum meets every Wednesday evening. At the last meeting, they decided that mortgages should be exempt from taxation, on Wednesday evening next they are going to clear up the Louisiana trouble, or involve the whole United States in a civil war.

The chairman of the township relief committee called the citizens together on the evening of the 22nd to transact some very important business for the benefit of the needy, and by 7 p.m. the schoolhouse was filled to overflowing with as hungry a looking set of men as is often seen in any assembly. The chairman called the meeting to order and stated that the object of the meeting was to see what had been done with the aid that had been received up to that time, as charges had been entered against a member of the committee living in the south part of the township.

Alexander Thompson had been charged with receiving 400 pounds of flour, and distributing the same among his needy neighbors without first hauling it to the north part of the township and turning it over to the chairman of the committee, Mr. J. J. Johnson, and allowing him to distribute the same among some of his neighbors who were also needy and who had been troubling him by intruding on his business and premises, by applying to him for rations, when helike the devil on the mounthad nothing to give. A motion was carried that the committee make a statement of what they had done with the sufferers of the township. Mr. Thompson was called and stated that he had received 400 pounds of flour and some clothing, and had also distributed the same to the needy, and had the papers to show who and what amount each had received, and further that he had visited thirty-two families and taken a list of their wants, and reported the same to the county committee.

Mr. Johnson was next called, and while scratching his head, stated that he knew there were some families in the north part of the township who were suffering but he had done nothing to assist them.

Other members reported the same except Mr. McGuire; who gave an account of 100 pounds of meat received and distributed.

But as Mr. Thompson was the only member of the committee who had taken any active part to relieve the needy and find out the want of the people; and as the Commissioners at their last meeting had made a new township off of the south part of Tisdale, it was moved and carried that the new township of Liberty take care of itself. As two of the committee lived in that territory, the chairman appointed two to fill the vacancy.

A vote of thanks was then given to Mr. Thompson for the active part he had taken as a member of the committee, and the good he had done in assisting the needy in his part of the township, while hisses loud and long went up against those who had been inactive and done nothing, and who were at the same time trying to censure the only member who had been true to his suffering neighbors.

But there will be no need of quarreling now, as one of the newly appointed committee, E. P. Young, has decided to take care of all the relief goods received, and store them away in his fine stone dwelling where they will be as safe as the goods he swindled some men of the east out of a few years ago.

But just now I learn that a request has been forwarded to the County Committee not to issue any relief goods to the said E. P. Young, as there is another meeting to be called and Mr. Young relieved of all the trouble he was about to be put to, in storing away what the people need, as the citizens look upon him as a man unfit to handle anything that belongs to a suffering and needy people. I presume they judge the future by the past.

We learn by letter that J. A. McGuire has begun his mission for the grasshopper sufferers in Clark County, Illinois. John is a worker and we may expect to hear from him soon.



Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

The Winfield Institute gives a lecture next Wednesday evening.

Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

Ask R. B. Waite how it goes to have real good old fashioned shaking ague.

Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

The exercises of the indignation meeting last Saturday night, closed with a fit, by Mr. Barnes.

Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

It is astonishing to see how rapidly the sidewalks are being completed on Tenth Avenue.

Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

A married daughter of Mr. J. Newman, who has been here on a visit, returned to her home in Cherryvale this week.

Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

Sam Myton has taken the building which has stood so long in the rear of this office, and attached it to the back end of his new brick to be used as a tinshop.

Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

A social by the ladies of the Presbyterian Aid Society will be given at the residence of the Rev. Mr. Platter on Friday evening, Jan. 27th. All are cordially invited.

Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

The young "bloods," who had made arrangements to visit Capt. Norton's of Arkansas City, last week, changed their programme and had an oyster supper at Capt. Lowry's.

Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

The city's exchequer received a handsome donation by a fine of five dollars each, imposed upon a half dozen members of the gambling fraternity of this city, who were called to account by Judge Boyer on Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

Col. Manning and Prof. Wilkinson left this city last Monday morning; Col. Manning bound for Topeka to oppose any scheme which may be on foot in regard to a division of Cowley County, and T. A. Wilkinson, on a begging trip to Wisconsin.

Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

A dog from the country made a flying leap through one of postmaster Johnson's front windows yesterday. The unfortunate owner of the canine went down in his pants and fished up and forked over the amount of damage.

Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

The following is the total amount of goods received for distribution by the Cowley Co. Relief Committee up to January 27th, 1875: 2,925 pounds of meal, 2,900 pounds of flour, 9 boxes of clothing, 4 kegs of molasses, 1 barrel of hominy, 3 sacks of beans.

N. L. RIGBY, Treas.

Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

The County Board met last Thursday in special session and made an order to bond $15,000 of the county debt. As the entire indebtedness of the county is something over $30,000, it seems to us that if we bond any, it would be wisdom to bond the whole amount.

Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

A Winfield correspondent of the Traveler says that the teachers in the public schools of this city are Prof. Robinson and Miss Greenlee. That correspondent is well posted. Miss Greenlee teaches school four miles south of town. The Winfield teachers are Prof. Robinson, Miss Melville, and Miss Aldrich. Better change correspondents, Scott.


Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.


DOUGHERTY - BUSH. At the residence of Wm. Bartlow, in this city, on the 22nd inst., by the Rev. McQuiston, Mr. Ben. Dougherty to Miss Maggie Bush.

A few friends were invited to witness the ceremony, which was simple and unpreten tious. In the course of the evening, the company was called upon to partake of a rich and bountiful supper, which reflected credit upon Mrs. Bartlow and her handsome daughter Fanny's skill in such matters. The Cornet Band favored the company with a serenade and were liberally treated to wine and cigars. Altogether the occasion was a joyful one and "all went merry as a marriage bell." The party separated with profuse congratulations and well wishes for the future happiness and longevity of the happy couple, which will be echoed by all other friends and acquaintances.


Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

Winfield Institute.

Dr. W. Q. Mansfield will lecture before this Institute at the courthouse on next Wednesday evening, Feb. 3rd, at 7 o'clock. Subject: Physiology.

Exercises will open and close with vocal and instrumental music.

As is well known the science of Physiology is a specialty with the Doctor, in which he is fully posted up in all the latest discoveries, and in which he has ideas. Therefore, this lecture cannot fail to be of great practical value to his hearers. All are invited to attend.

Tickets of admission for sale at the Post Office, and at Mansfield's drug store.

Single tickets 15 cents, 2 for 25 cents, 10 for $1.00, admitting to any of the regular exercises of the Institute. D. A. MILLINGTON, Pres.


Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

One week ago last Sunday, Mr. T. A. Blanchard, feeling unwell, laid himself down on the sofa in his own house to rest, while the other members of the family went to church. The house was closed up, the curtains nearly all drawn, and the place had a deserted air, which by an outside observer, would have been thought to be real. It was under this impression, no doubt, that one of his neighbors was laboring, when he walked into the barnyard and cornering a fine ram, threw it across his shoulders, just as our friend Blanchard happened to glance out of the window and observed the proceedings. The neighbor having got the sheep safely secured on his shoulder trudged off home, and Mr. Blanchard, happening to be in sight of the law-abiding neighbor's house half an hour afterwards, perceived him making mutton of that ram in the quickest possible manner, and as he seemed to take so much pleasure in the performance, the owner of the meat couldn't have the heart to disturb his operations, so he said nothing about it.


Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

City Council Proceedings.

January 4, 1875.

Council met at usual hour. Present: S. C. Smith, mayor; J. P. McMillen, H. S. Silver, S. Darah, councilmen; J. W. Curns, clerk. The minutes of last meeting were read and approved.

G. T. Swigart presented a bill of $40 for services as Marshal for the month ending Dec. 24, 1874, which was referred to finance committee and reported favorably, and allowed.

Finance committee asked further time to report on the fee bill of City of Winfield against Beckett, which was granted.

Committee on pound reported they had procured a pound from Nate Roberson at the rent of $1 per month, which was accepted.

Cemetery committee asked further time to report on purchasing a lot in the cemetery.

Being no other business, on motion adjourned. S. C. SMITH, Mayor.

J. W. Curns, City Clerk.


Council met January 18th, 1875, at usual hour; there not being a quorum present, adjourned to meet Jan. 25th. J. W. CURNS, Clerk.


Winfield Courier, January 28, 1875.

At a meeting of the citizens at Cedar Township held at the residence of Sanford Day, Esq., on the evening of January 19th, 1875, the following preamble and resolution was read and adopted.

WHEREAS, Cedar Township of Cowley County, Kansas, having no township trustee, and

WHEREAS, there are numbers of people who are suffering for provisions and clothing, therefore be it

Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to canvass this township, and make out a report of the destitution that exists, and report the same to the chairman of the central relief committee of this county. And be it further

Resolved, That a copy of the proceedings of this meeting be furnished the Winfield COURIER, with the request that the same be published.

On motion, Mr. Searle, Mr. John Frazee, Mr. Wm. Morgan, and D. W. Willey were appointed said committee.

Meeting adjourned. MARK PHILLIPS, Chairman.

J. W. SEARLE, Sec.


Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.


Col. Manning returned from Topeka last Friday evening. Immediately upon his arrival at the capital, he ascertained that less was known of the division in the legislature than here. There was no lobby there in the interest of the measure, and representatives Bryan of this county and Ferguson of Butler County are both opposed to any changes in the county lines of either county. Information has been received at the legislature that the new county project would be presented by parties in the interested district and petitions to that effect were daily expected. Where Capt. Shannon, of Augusta, obtained his "creditable" information, we have not learned, but rumors from that locality should have considerable latitude.


Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.


Quite a respectable show is being made by those who favor issuing county bonds to take up the outstanding scrip of Cowley County. The county commissioners have asked for the passage of a special law on the subject, notwithstanding there is a general law whereby they can issue bonds by first submitting the question to a vote of the people. The county council P. of H., is said to have passed a resolution to the same effect. Some of the county newspapers are in favor of it, although the publishers thereof made political capital against Capt. McDermott a little over one year ago because he procured the passage of a law allowing the bonding of said debt. As for us, without discussing the economical features of the proposition, we still hold that a majority of the people of the county are opposed to bonding the county for any purpose. And as long as that is the sentiment of the majority, we shall not favor any bond proposition unless it be first submitted to a vote of the taxpayers. We cannot advise any short cut to defeat an expression of the sense of the people. When the question is submitted in proper form, we shall have something to say on its merits. Perhaps the constitutionality of a law issuing bonds by a special act when there is a general law that is applicable, is worth a little consideration.


Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.


A proposition is before the legislature to issue $95,000 worth of state bonds, said bonds to be sold for not less than ninety-five cents on the dollar, and the money thus obtained is to be used in furnishing food and seed for the destitute in certain parts of the state. This is opposed by members from the eastern and taxpaying portion of the state. An amendment was voted down that required a pro rata distribution among the destitute in every part of the state. This should have been allowed; and in this way, the bill should pass.

Our warning to "go slow," is addressed to those members who are favoring a substitute for the above mentioned bill, which substitute proposes to sell the bonds belonging to the permanent school fund of the state, and then to invest said permanent school fund in county relief bonds. To make this matter more clear, we will state the whole case. Every 16th and 36th section of land in the state is given by the general government to Kansas for the support of its common schools. This land is sold and the money invested in bonds. The interest on the bonds is divided among the school districts of the state per scholar. The principal remains a sacred fund that cannot be diminished. It happens that over three hundred thousand dollars of this school fund is invested in Kansas state bonds, which are good, and the interest upon which is regularly paid. Now it is proposed by some members of the legislature to sell these state bonds and authorize the destitute counties to issue relief bonds which shall be purchased with this school money. We most solemnly protest against any such investment of our school money. The bonds of some of those western counties are not worth a farthing. Some of them are already overburdened with debt. They are liable to be depopulated any day by a hurricane, hailstorm, drouth, or grasshoppers. Already several thousand dollars of the state school fund is invested in school district bonds issued in said counties, which investment is a dead loss. School districts No.'s 2 and 3 of Comanche County have each issued one thousand dollars in bonds which were purchased by said state school fund, but no one lives in Comanche County nor ever did. These bonds might be given to the destitute of Hutchinson, where the fraud originated. Bonds have been issued in those barren counties for railroads, courthouses, bridges, schoolhouses, outstanding indebtedness, and other purposes. It is the bond voters paradise. There is no limit to their ability to issue, but they should never find a market with the commissioners of the permanent school fund of the state.


Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

A report was given relative to pupils attending grammar and intermediate departments of Winfield schools by W. C. Robinson. "The efficiency of our schools is much hindered by tardiness and irregular attendance. Parents will oblige us by aiding in overcoming this difficulty." Students in different departments were listed.

Intermediate Department.

Georgie Black

Grant Bodwell

Oscar Cochran

Charley Dever

Willie Ferguson

Frank Freeland

Robert Hodson

Joseph Hudson

Willie Leffingwell

John Likowski

Richie Mansfield

Bennie Manning

Georgia McDonald

Willie Prescott

Frank Robinson

Willie Tarrant

Alfred Tarrant

Willie Walker

Charlie Weathers

Robert Hubbard

Hattie Andrews

Mary Bodwell

Cora Bullene

Ida Black

Anna Bishop

Winnie Barnard

Luella Cowen

Sylvia Darrah

Ida Dressel

Julia Deming

Katy Davis

Lila Doty

Annie Hunt

Emma Howland

Alice Hill

Sarah Hudson

Ida Johnson

Edith Kennedy

Josie McMasters

Nannie McGee

Amy McQuiston

Lutie Newman

Minnie Stewart

Jennie Weathers

Effie White

Lillie Lappan

Mary Knowles

Emma Knowles

Leona Corkins

Iola Corkins

Martha Copple

Grammar Department.

Delhe Kennedy

Eddie Whitehead

Frank Howard

Holiday Menor

Addison Powers

Thos. Cochran

Robert Dever

Rolly Milspaugh

Frank Howland

Harry McMillen

Robert Deming

Isaac Johnson

Fred Hunt

Thos. Lowry

Wm. Hudson

Harvey Thomas

Willie McClellan

Harold Mansfield

Eddie Likowski

Ora Lowry

Ella Freeland

Nettie Quarles

Belle Galbrath

Ines Griswold

Ella Manly

Kate Johnson

Jennie Hane

Jennie Lowry

Mary Cochran

Ida McMillen

Mary Hudson

Nellie Powers

Nellie Barnard

Cora Andrews

Bertha Lamb

Eugenie Holmes

Laura McMillen

Pella Bradish

Jessie Millington

Hortense Holmes

Mattie Minnihan

Maggie Dever

Lillie Ford

"Fred Hunt, Miss Jennie Hane, and Miss Ella Freeland are graduates in spelling, each having spelled 400 words in regular recitation without missing one. We wish those interested would freely visit our schools and remark about anything either satisfactory or unsatisfac tory.




Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

These are good times for doctors.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

Col. Manning returned from Topeka last Friday night.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

A dog went through one of Charley Black's front windows last Saturday.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

Mr. S. M. Fall of Lazette graced our streets with his presence the other day.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

BIRTH. A. H. Green is so happy because it is a boy, that he can hardly contain himself. Born to Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Green, January 22, 1875, a boy. Mother and child doing well.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

Dr. Mansfield's lecture before the Winfield Institute has been postponed until next Wednesday evening.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

Four persons were immersed by Rev. N. L. Rigby last Sunday. A hole was cut in the ice on the river, for the purpose.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

A. N. Deming and his estimable lady have been very ill for the past two weeks, but are slowly improving at present.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

Curns & Manser have purchased the Dr. Egbert office, and have moved it to Main street, next door south of their present office.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

Some say that Alexander has not stopped running yet. It must be a mistake, however, for we have it from good authority that he did stopa stone with the back of his head.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

Prof. T. A. Wilkinson is now in Missouri organizing societies for the relief of the destitute in this county. He will go to Wisconsin in a few days.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

Old Alex, of the Carpet-bagger, sent a petition up to the Legislature, the other day, addressed, "To the Legislature of Kansas in Congress Assembled."

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

Notice is hereby given that Warrants will be issued on all personal taxes due and unpaid on the 15th day of February, 1875.

E. B. KAGER, Co. Treas.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

There will be an examination of school teachers at the office of the undersigned in Winfield on Saturday, February 20th, 1875, at 10 o'clock a.m.

T. A. WILKINSON, Co. Supt.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

Hitchcock & Boyle have closed their store and are taking an invoice of their goods preparatory to dissolving partnership. One of the partners intends to continue the business. Which one, however, is not definitely known at present.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

Snow fell to a depth of five or six inches at Tisdale and Arkansas City last Thursday and the sleighing was good to within about five miles of town, either south or east, but strange to say not enough fell here to whiten the ground.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

From the Traveler we learn that our old friend, Wm. Steele, of Grouse Creek, fell from a load of hay last week, while endeavoring to hold a team that was running away, the wagon passing over his back and arm, breaking the latter. Dr. Hughes was sent for, who reports him seriously hurt.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

M. S. Roseberry, County Commissioner, while going home from town on a load of lumber one day last week, fell off while crossing the Walnut; the wagon passed over him, breaking three of his ribs and otherwise seriously injuring him.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

One week from tomorrow (Friday) evening, the ladies of the M. E. Church will give a sociable at the residence of Mrs. McMasters. This is the first of a series of sociables to be givenone by each churchthe proceeds of which are to be applied toward paying the remaining indebtedness on the courthouse bell. The debt amounts to $120. Everyone is invited to attend these sociables and thus assist in liquidating this debt.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

Two men after trying to steal corn out of the crib of W. J. Hamilton, near the mouth of Grouse Creek, set it on fire. Mr. Denton, who was concealed under a wagon to watch for the thieves, fired two shots at them without effect. The fire burned four hundred bushels of corn, cultivators, hay fork, plows, and was quite a serious loss such a year as this. Parties are suspected, and will doubtless be brought to punishment. Arkansas City Traveler.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

DIED. At his residence in Arkansas City last night, of pneumonia, Mr. L. W. Emerson. He was sick but five or six days. Our citizens will remember him in the enjoyment of health and vigor, as if it were but yesterday, in the character of "Dr. Banks" in the play of "On his Last Legs," rendered a short time ago by the Arkansas City Dramatic Club at our courthouse. He was a young man of good habits and blameless character, and in his death our neighbors of Arkansas City lose a valuable and exemplary citizen.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

S. H. Myton has got settled down to business in his new building, and we think we are safe in saying that he now has one of the finest hardware stores in the state. Everything pertaining to the building is fitted up in the best possible manner and kept in "apple-pie order." Sam is a reliable, capable, and energetic businessman, and he understands his business well enough to know that the way to control trade and make money is to keep handling the goods even though the profits are small. See his new advertisement elsewhere.



Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

The Presbyterian church holds a communion service on next Sabbath morning. Preaching on Friday evening by S. B. Fleming of Oxford. Also Preparatory Lecture on Saturday after- noon at 2 o'clock p.m., at which time parents having children to be baptized will please present them. All these services to be held in the courthouse. J. E. PLATTER, Pastor.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.


List of Marriage licenses issued by the Probate Judge for the month of January, 1875.

Mr. S. D. Pryor to Miss L. J. Waites.

Joseph R. Perry to Phoma H. Spray.

Milton Timmons to Almeda Cartrel.

B. B. Dougherty to M. A. Bush.

S. Dixon to Katy Howe.

Chas. H. Eagin to Annie A. Akers.

Jas. T. Driscol to Mollie L. Jackson.

Milburn Peter to Minerva B. Dudley.

Joseph Furman to Francis Goodwin.

Reuben A. Houghton to Sarah E. Manton.

Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

As the Jews were fed with quails and John the Baptist with locusts, so was Mr. Jennings and family fed with antelope. It was in this wise: Mr. Jennings of Rock Creek with a large family depending on him for support in these grasshopper times, was reduced to a fearful strait. The other day he shouldered his gun to try if perchance Providence would not send some kind of game in his way wherewith his family might stay the pangs of hunger, and enable them to pull through until relief might come.

He had not gone far until he espied an antelope slowly dragging another by the horns. He noted that the other was stone dead. Getting within easy range he shot, and the antelope fell. On coming up to his game, he found, curiously enough, that the horns of the two were locked in such a manner that it required all his strength to separate them. He supposes that they engaged in mortalor rather, antelope combat, and locked horns, and in the melee one broke the neck of the other. Not being able to travel without dragging its late antagonist with it, the progress of the live animal was necessarily such that our friend stepped up and killed it without trouble and now his family subsist on antelope.


Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.


ED. COURIER. This being an era of investigation, reformation, etc., I would most respectfully suggest to the Mayor and City Council that they inform themselves and the citizens generally as to the actual receipts and disbursements of money received from fines, taxes, and all other sources of revenue. The merchants and businessmen of this city are forced to pay a heavy special tax, and it certainly behooves our worthy solons to lighten our burdens as much as possible.

I find by reference to the Police Justices Docket, that during A. A. Jackson's term of office, which expired in April 1874, there was collected by him in fines, and accounted for by him on the Docket, $128.50, and a large number of cases the Docket does not show whether any fine has been paid or not. By referring to the City Treasurer's books, I find that the aforesaid Jackson paid into the City Treasury $64.00.

This is too much of a difference for these hard times, and I think it is certainly the duty of some to see what has become of the balance. Will our worthy ex judge please explain. It is now nearly a year since he turned his office over to his successor, Mr. Wood, and he has had ample time surely to place this money where it properly belongs. It may be possible that he has forgotten all about it. If such should be the case, I will refer him or anyone to the Police Docket.

In closing I would suggest to our worthy City Fathers that in the making and passing of Ordinances to remember that they are not legislating for their own personal benefit, but are supposed to do it for the general benefit of the citizens, and not for individuals.

More anon, A TAXPAYER.


Winfield Courier, February 4, 1875.

Recap Ordinances 45 and 46, published February 4, 1875.

45. An ordinance in relation to the duties of the City Marshal, and the Prevention of Fires. "Whenever any person shall make complaint to the City Marshal that any chimney,

flue, or stove pipe within the limits of the city is in an unsafe condition, it shall be the duty of the City Marshal to immediately investigate, etc., and notify the person or persons of the bad condition and that they must immediately repair the same. After notice by City Marshal, if the repairs are not made, that person shall be convicted and fined in a sum not exceeding $50.

46. An ordinance in relation to sidewalks.

Called for a sidewalk four feet wide, constructed of hardwood lumber one inch thick, to be placed upon sleepers 2 x 6 inches in size, laid lengthwise thereof, be constructed on the north side of lot 1, and across the north end of lots 17 and 18, all in block 110 in the city of Winfield, and one foot from said lots.

That the owner or owners of the lots mentioned be allowed to construct the same at their own expense, provided the same be finished by Feb. 15, 1875, in default of which the City of Winfield will construct the same, and for the payment of the construction of the same, an assessment be made upon said lots, according to the number of feet that said sidewalk bears to the said lots.


Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

The bill establishing a territorial government in the Indian Territory is virtually killed in congress.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

The effort to pass a law investing the state school fund in county relief bonds, of which we spoke last week, failed in the senate. The same thing is up again in another form.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Senate bill No. 98, pending before the legislature, so amends the bond law of 1874, as to allow counties having no railroad to issue bonds under terms similar to the old law.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

A bill has passed congress appropriating $50,000 worth of food and clothing to the grasshopper sufferers of the west. This amount will come principally to Kansas and Nebraska.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.


Hon. B. C. St. Clair, the senator from this district, procured the passage of a resolution through the state senate asking congress to secure the right of way through the Indian Territory, to a railroad down the Arkansas Valley.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.


We believe one of the much needed reforms in this state is the abolition of the office of township assessor. One assessor, with one or two assistants, ought and would assess the county at much less expense to the taxpayers, and give more satisfaction. There are twenty- two townships in this county, and be the men of ever so good judgment, they are bound to differ. For instance, the assessor of Creswell Township assessed the Methodist parsonage, in the city of Arkansas City, for taxation, believing it not to be exempt, and yet no other assessor in the county did the same.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.


From Mr. L. J. Webb, who has recently returned from Topeka, where he has been attending to some suits in the Supreme Court, we learn that the bill for funding the indebted- ness of Cowley County has been introduced in the house.

It provides for issuing bonds to take up the indebtedness of the county, said bonds to be sold dollar for dollar. Representative Bryan is industrious and keeps track of Legislation, always voting right, but saying little. Capt. Folks, as Secretary of the Senate, is very popular, and has great influence.

The bill to divide Howard County, having passed the House, has been reported favorably upon by the committee on counties and county lines in the Senate.

The bill allowing counties to issue relief bonds has passed both branches of the legislature.

The bill authorizing the issue of $95,000 in state bonds to purchase wood and food for the destitute has passed the House and is likely to pass the Senate. Senator Peters from Marion County is the champion of the measure in the Senate. The democrats and opposition in the Senate are fighting the bill on political grounds, hoping to defeat it and then charge that a republican legislature refused aid to the needy.


Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Look a Little Out.

ED. COURIER: A new characteristic in "four percent" jurisprudence has developed itself in Cowley County. Not long since eastern capitalists proposed to mitigate the four percent per month loan business in this region by loaning money on five years' time, at about twenty two and a half percent per annum. This was done by adding about fifty percent to the original amount, and then having the note draw twelve percent per annum interest. One provision of the mortgage is that if the annual interest is not paid promptly the whole amount shall be due. Another provision is that in case a petition of foreclosure is filed in court, an attorney fee of ten percent shall be due and payable. Of course, these stringent provisions were overlooked in the anxiety to borrow on long time at comparatively low interest. During the month of January, the first interest on a few of these mortgages became due. The hard times that are upon us prevented some of the mortgagors from coming to time with the required interest. Suddenly and unexpectedly there appeared among us a deputy U. S. Marshal, with summonses notifying the delinquents that they had been sued in the United States Circuit Court at Leavenworth and unless they answered by a certain day, judgment would be taken. This notification is all a farce. Judgment will be taken anyhow. There is no defense. The farms are gone up. The fifty percent interest which was added to the principle, and the attorney fee and the expenses will cut up every farm so mortgaged. The expense of hiring an attorney to defend the suit is useless. The terms of the contract have been violated. This is written to put people who have made such contracts on their guard. Their only safety is to pay the interest promptly. WARNING.


Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Silver Creek Items.

EDITOR COURIER: Perhaps some of your readers would like to hear from Silver Creek Township. Well, no one has died of starvation here yet, the people keep up quite a lively spirit despite the grasshopper panic. I take notice that a great many townships in Cowley County cry hard times, but in Silver Creek, which is the land of milk and honey, there are no hard times.

Here with us we do not have to work like we used to in days of yore simply because we are furnished with an abundance of food and clothing by the aid committee.

I consider Kansas to be the best country the sun ever shone upon, and I cannot see that it makes any material difference if the grasshopper eats us up or not. If we raised corn we would be obliged to eat our own meat, get our own bread, and buy our own clothing. While being as it is, we are provided with all these things by our kind friends in some eastern state.

Here in Silver Creek Township, aid goods are distributed at the residence of A. P. Brooks, by the township committee each Saturday evening, impartially and regardless of politics, to those who cry hunger the loudest. The feed consists of flour, corn meal, beans, and hominy, four very substantial articles, indeed. At our last meeting it seems that the people were furnished with very poor sacks to carry home their week's rations in, for on the next morning there was a lady's dress found on the road that leads to Lazette. It was shown to me by the lady who has got it in possession. I am no judge of calico, but I pronounced said dress to be an alpaca pink. It has been cut and made in the latest style with a beautiful large flounce at the bottom. As I was out rather early that morning myself, and passing by Mr. Brooks, I observed an unusual amount of corn scattered around his dooryard, and on inquiry into the particulars, I was informed that E. Gatton's hominy sack bursted. As I proceeded on my journey, I soon came on to a bean trail. From the appearance of the trail, I would judge that some man was carrying home a sack of beans on his back. The sack must have had a hole in the bottom of about one inch in diameter. If the man had stolen the beans, he stood a good chance of being found by this means. I did not follow the trail to its destination, but a little boy who did through curiosity, informed me that it led him to the door of a large white house that stands on the right bank of Silver Creek. I would advise the people to be a little more careful of their goods. If we have got an abundance now, we may not always have. If the recipients of those goods had Bourbon on the brain or not, I cannot surmise, but something looks suspicious to me. Respectfully, JAS. FITZGERALD.


Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Letter from T. A. Wilkinson.

HOPKINS, MO., Jan. 20, 1875.

REV. J. E. PLATTER: I spoke at the M. E. Church today to the people of this place. We closed our meeting by organizing a relief society.

Every businessman and minister was made a committee to solicit supplies of all kinds, both in the town and adjacent country, and ladies to especially solicit women and children's clothing.

I find the people willing enough to give when properly approached. A car load of general supplies will start from here about Monday, February 8th. I shall organize societies from hereon and do my main work by locally constituted committees. I had no trouble in my work here as my brother-in-law, John A. Stewart, is a merchant here, and he introduced me. I leave subscription papers, properly headed, at each store; and farmers will make their donations at any of them at any time between now and next Saturday, when the car will be loaded. I will leave all necessary instructions for shipping with my brother-in-law, and a freight bill will be sent to you on day of shipment. Very respectfully yours, T. A. WILKINSON.


Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

The Aid Business.

The Governor has transmitted to the Legislature a detailed exhibit of the work of the State Central Relief Committee.

"The report of the committee states that it has received and disbursed during the sixty- five days of its existence $100,000 in money and goods, 124 car loads of supplies, and 12,500 packages, at an expense of $300."


Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Our town like all other Kansas towns has been agitating the aid question. Several meetings have been held and Windsor Township has organized to obtain such relief as her people may need. A committee has been appointed to make efforts to secure all seed necessary for spring planting, and two agents have been appointed to go east to solicit help. One of them, R. W. Jackson, started for Winfield yesterday, intending to go directly to Indiana and labor in behalf of this township.

Our new mill ground its first grain on Saturday last. All parties pronounce its work excellent, and it is now ready for all customers with corn, wheat, or lumber. The gentlemen who have succeeded in building this improvement to Lazette deserve the thanks of the inhabitants of the entire Grouse Valley.

Rev. J. J. Wingar began a series of meetings last week.

Mr. Oscar Morris, of Winfield, spent the Sabbath with Lazette friends.

It is rumored that we are to have a newspaper established at this point. All wish it a speedy appearance.

Julius Woollen has sold his upland farm to Mr. McDaniels, and now contemplates going to Arkansas.

Mr. S. M. Fall has purchased and moved on his farm the building formerly owned by the stage company.

Mr. J. Dudley, and family go this week to Missouri, in which state they will make their future home.


Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Under date of February 6th, Gov. Osborn sends a special message to the Legislature urging immediate action in the matter of doing something for the needy of the state. He says the impression abroad is that our legislature will do something to meet the emergency, and consequently the foreign contributions are diminishing while the wants of our needy are increasing. His suggestions are seconded by the State Central Relief Committee. We hope these timely suggestions will be heeded.

Gov. Osborn had Gen. Pope put Cowley County into the list of counties to receive government clothing for the needy.


Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

JANUARY 25TH, 1875.

Council met at 7 o'clock p.m. in pursuance of adjournment. Present: S. C. Smith, mayor, R. B. Saffold, S. Darrah, H. S. Silver, councilmen, and J. W. Curns, clerk. The minutes of last meeting were read and approved, after which the following business was taken up.

Bill of Z. T. Swigart for services as marshal for month ending January 24, 1875, of $40.

Bill of J. W. Curns for services as clerk, for month ending January 8, $8.33.

Bill of William Bartlow, $18.20 for building sidewalk across Loomis street, was presented and referred to committee on finance, who reported favorably thereon, and they were severally allowed and ordered paid.

The finance committee reported favorably on the ice bill of the City of Winfield against V. B. Beckett, and the following order was made. "That said fee bill be paid as per bill and not in excess of the amount therein charged to the parties entitled to the same, and that the same be paid under protest."

On motion the city attorney was instructed to draw an ordinance for the construction of sidewalks along the north side of lot 1 in block 110 and along lots 17 and 18 in block 110.

On motion adjourned. S. W. CURNS, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.



For sale at from $8 to $10 per hundred, or $70 per thousand, and other nursery stock at corresponding low rates. Call and see me for I am bound to sell. 2-1/2 miles southeast of Wichita on the Winfield road. J. H. STURNS.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Bankrupt Sale.

In the District Court of the United States for the District of Kansas.

In the matter of Hiram Brotherton, Bankrupt. IN BANKRUPTCY.

By virtue of an order issued out of the aforesaid Court, I will on Monday, the 1st day of March A. D. 1875 at 1 o'clock p.m. of said day at the south front door of the courthouse in the City of Winfield, county of Cowley, State of Kansas, sell to the highest and best bidder, for cash, all the open accounts, and promissory notes against divers persons, remaining unsettled and unpaid, now in my hands belonging to said bankrupt estate. R. L. SAFFOLD.

Assignee of the Estate of Hiram Brotherton, Bankrupt.

Winfield, Feb. 8, 1875.


Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

J. C. Weathers & Co. have closed up.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

L. J. Webb has returned from Topeka.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Rev. Wm. Martin has gone to Ohio for relief. Next.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Squire T. H. Suits thinks of locating in Galveston, Texas, in the Spring.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Frank Gallotti intends to engage in silk culture near Winfield the coming spring.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Dr. John Headrick has gone back to his old town in Dansville, Illinois, on a visit.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

H. Brotherton and A. A. Jackson have opened a general feed store in one of Jackson's buildings on Main street.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Mayor S. C. Smith contemplates visiting California next month with a view to locating in that salubrious clime.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

An unusual amount of sickness has prevailed in this vicinity recently. Colds and lung fever are the common complaints.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Capt. Sam R. Peters, Senator from Marion County, has been confined to his bed at Topeka, but at last accounts was recovering.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Joe Lipscomb has gone to his old home in Tuscola, Illinois, to reside. He was accompanied as far as Iola, Kansas, by Mr. Ireland.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Mr. Ira Moore, the owner of the Valley View Cemetery, has donated the city of Winfield a portion of said cemetery, to be used as a potters field.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

The Belle Plain Democrat office was attached this week as the property of the Belle Plain Town Company, at the suit of E. C. Manning.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

On the 19th day of January, E. S. Torrance was admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court of this state, and on the 8th inst., L. J. Webb was admitted.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Dr. Mansfield's lecture on Physiology, which was to have been delivered to the Winfield Institute last night, was again postponed on account of the weather.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Mr. A. S. Williams has returned from Iowa, where he has been for some time soliciting aid. What success he met with we did not learn.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

The sociable which was to have been given at the residence of Mrs. McMasters next Friday evening will take place at the courthouse on the same evening.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Mrs. T. A. Wilkinson is acting in the capacity of county superintendent in the absence of her husband, and attends punctually to all office business.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

A new township was formed by the Commissioners at their last meeting, off the south end of Tisdale, and northwest corner of Dexter, and was given the suggestive name of Liberty.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Two young men of Vernon Township named respectively Kimble and Copple, got into a quarrel last Friday, and during the melee Copple got Kimble's finger between his teeth and bit it so badly that it had to be amputated.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Floral Grange has put up ice enough to last them through the coming summer. Wouldn't it be a good plan for the other granges of the county to go and do likewise? If only enough were put up to use in case of sickness, it would be much better than none at all.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

In the trial of Dr. Mansfield, on Tuesday, for selling liquor without license, Judge Boyer ruled that it was no violation of the ordinance for a druggist to deal out intoxicating beverage to a customer when the receptacle was a spirit lamp instead of the nasal bottle.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

A Butler County jury failing to agree procured an order from Judge Campbell for supper, upon which they proceeded to a restaurant in charge of the time honored "sworn officer," where they ordered a supper fit for a king, Oysters, wines, etc., being part of the bill of fare. For all of which Butler County foots the bill.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

A man 63 years of age has made the trip between Elk Falls and Douglass, a distance of 51 miles, every day this winter, on a buckboard, delivering the mail with perfect regularity, never missing a single day, though the wind has been terrible, and the thermometer at times has been down three or four rods below the freezing point. When the time rolls around and Uncle Sam "comes to make up his jewels," will not this old stager and his weather beaten mule form a part of the central setting? Aye, verily.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Wm. W. Underwood, Esq., late of Wabash County, Indiana, bought the John Nicholson farm on the Grouse, near Dexter, last September, and paid $3,000 for it. After moving to his new home about the first thing he did was to subscribe and pay for the COURIER, as all good Hoosiers do, and then went to work improving his farm. He now furnishes employment for all the men of his neighborhood, who want work. One of the many improvements he has under progress is a fine stone fence around his farm, and many who would otherwise be calling on the "Relief" are receiving their per diem, or grain from his well filled bins, in payment for work in his stone quarries. Would that we had more Underwoods.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Twenty wagon loads of relief arrived here last night for distribution among the people of this part of the county, and there is still a car load and more at Wichita. Augusta Gazette.

Just so. Butler County has a lot of dead beat beggars in the east, claiming to represent Cowley and other counties as well as their own, and of course get more aid on that account. But not a pound of it has yet found its way to this county. We shall insist that just one-half of all the money Dr. Mitchell raises east be turned over to our County Relief Committee. What say you, men of Butler.

[Note: "Dr. Mitchell," who solicited aid for Cowley and Butler counties had no connection with Cowley County.]

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

The following is the list of petit jurors drawn for the March term of the District Court: J. B. Nipp, S. W. Chatterson, S. P. Berryman, P. F. Endicott, J. E. Dunn, G. W. Melville,

J. W. Melville, J. W. Weimer, A. T. Gay, Sanford Day, Isaac Howe, B. C. French, S. M. Fall, Thos. Hart.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

Judge Brown, Congressman elect, has sent the following names to the Commissioner of Agriculture, as proper persons in Cowley County to whom should be sent seeds for distribution. The usual amount of seeds annually distributed throughout the United States are to be sent principally to Kansas and Nebraska. This will give a large amount of seeds to the state.

Persons named:

A. T. Stewart of Winfield.

S. M. Fall, Lazette.

T. R. Bryan, Dexter.

Capt. Harrelson, Tisdale.

H. L. Barker, Floral.

John Stalter, Rock.

David Hopkins, Vernon.

Lucius Walton, Arkansas City.

Wm. Norman, Maple.

Wm. Nesmith, Thomasville.

S. D. Klingman, Winfield.

If our friends in townships not represented in the above list will send the name of one of their citizens to the COURIER office, we will see that he also receives seeds for distribution. Send in the names at once as time is precious.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

The Winfield Institute has had a complete report of the Smithsonian Institute, Washington, D. C., presented them by that Institute from 1863 to 1872, inclusive. These reports were sent at the instance of Hon. D. P. Lowe, M. C. Senator Harvey has sent it also as well as a number of government reports and other documents. For all of which these gentlemen will please accept the thanks of the Winfield Institute.

Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

A Card.

Allow us to extend our most cordial thanks to the many friends who visited our home on Monday evening, Feb. 8th, to celebrate the twentieth anniversary of our married life. The China Wedding left us so many tokens of their kind regards, and also to those who remembered us though not present. Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss.


Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

If the city of Winfield deserves credit for one thing more than another, it is for the magnificence of her China Weddings. Our people admire the heroic courage, which must be possessed in a very high degree by a couple which after twenty years of married life are still willing to resume the yoke matrimonial.

Such may have been the feeling of the merry, laughing set, the most brilliant assemblage of the season, which met at the residence of Mr. C. A. Bliss last Monday evening to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the marriage of the host and hostess.

The ceremony was conducted by the Reverends Rigby, Platter, and McQuiston, at the conclusion of which Mr. M. N. Chaffey in an eloquent and happy speech presented the "happy couple" with an elegant china tea set. A supper was then spread which would have done honor to any wedding party, our reporter in common with the rest, throwing himself outside of grub enough to last him a week, forgetting for the nonce that grasshoppers, or anything else, had ever devastated the country. The relief committee was there, and viewed the seeming waste of so much that was good to eat; their palms, no doubt, itching for a chance to distribute it to the poor. Altogether it was one of the largest and happiest gather ings ever witnessed in Winfield, and it will long be remembered by those who participated as one of the green fields in the dreary desert of life.


Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

The death of Mr. Joseph Foos, which we chronicle in another place, cast a gloom over the entire community. But a few days since he was upon our streets in the vigor of health and prime of manhood. Blessed with a large and well poised physical organization, endowed with strong mental facilities, of good habits and happy social circumstances, he enjoyed every assurance that man's allotted three score years and ten were his. Having been one of the first settlers of the county, his circle of acquaintances was large, and his open hand and heart made him universally loved and respected. Death could scarcely have singled out a victim that this people would have given up with greater sorrow. The sad and unexpected news was an absolute shock as it flew from ear to ear.

The bereavement of the much loved but stricken family chills the mirth of many a fireside.

Joseph Foos was born in Madison County, Ohio. At the age of twenty he married the estimable lady who now mourns his death. He moved to California in the year 1850, where he resided three years. California is the native state of his accomplished daughter, Ada. From California he went to Australia, where he lived twenty years. Again, bidding adieu to friends and loved associations, he turned his face toward his native land.

He, with his family, settled in Cowley County in October, 1870, where he lived happy and contented until his death. The widow and orphan daughter have the heartfelt sympathy of the entire community. He was a member of the Masonic and Odd Fellow orders.


Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

The Winfield Board of Trade.

We are informed that several of our influential citizens have organized an organization to be known as the Winfield City Board of Trade. The purpose of the organization is the welfare of the city and county. We have been presented with the following resolutions for publication as having been passed at their first meeting.

Resolved: That the interests of Winfield are not promoted by the publication of three papers therein.

Resolved: That the spirit of strife manifested among our people bodes no good to the welfare of the place.

Resolved: That the Winfield city organization is an expensive and useless humbug.

Resolved: That our city schools should be closed by the middle of March and that a three months term should immediately be commenced thereafter with female teachers at lower wages as an economical measure.

Resolved: That it is the duty of every citizen of Winfield to aid by word and deed the husbandmen of the county who must soon prepare for seed time.

Resolved: That it is the duty of the Winfield Township authorities to rebuild the bridge across the Walnut south of town.

Resolved: That in the opinion of this board the money collected for liquor licenses in Winfield Township, before the organization of the city, is sufficient to repair said bridge if the funds could be reached.


Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.


On Jan. 31st, at the residence of the bride's father in Spring Creek by H. D. Gans, Probate Judge, Mr. Milburn Peter of Butler, Illinois, to Miss M. B. Dudley of Charleston, Illinois.

The wedding was a brilliant affair. After partaking of refreshments, the happy pair started for their future home at New Salem, accompanied by their bridesmaid and groomsman, and the hearty congratulations of their many friends.


Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.


At his residence four miles north of Winfield on Monday, the 8th of February, 1875, of pleura pneumonia, Mr. Joseph Foos, in the 48th year of his age.


Winfield Courier, February 11, 1875.

For Sale.

25 head of last spring calves and yearlings. 4 miles northwest of Winfield, west side of the Walnut. W. D. CLARKE.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, February 18, 1875.

Ordinance No. 47

An ordinance relating to animals running at large, and to repeal sections No. 2, 3, 4 & 5 of Ordinance No. 4.

SECTION 1. That all horses, asses, mules, ponies, sheep, swine, and cattle of every description, running at large in the city are hereby declared public nuisances.

SECTION 2. That it is hereby made the duty of the city marshal to take up and impound in some safe enclosure, any of the above named animals found running at large in this city, etc. . . .


Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

Dr. Houx, our skillful dentist is about to remove to Arkansas.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

A. T. Stewart went to Topeka this week as the Cowley County delegate to the State Grange.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

We are told that two carloads of supplies have arrived at Wichita, sent by T. A. Wilkinson.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

BORN. To H. L. and Cynthia E. Barker, of Floral, on the 10th inst., a girl: weight, 8 pounds.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

BORN. S. S. Moore is a tall man generally, but he looked a foot taller last Saturday, as he told us `twas a boy, and weighed 7-1/2 pounds.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

Adam Walk's friends are getting uneasy about him. He left Maple Township the middle of January to go east soliciting aid and has not been heard of since he left Topeka.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

The County Council P. of H., of this county, in session last Saturday, after reading and discussing the relief bond bill, passed a resolution in favor of obtaining aid under the provi sions of the bill. However, as will be seen in another place in the paper, some local granges have resolved against the measure.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

Maple Grove Grange Resolution.

ED. COURIER: At special meeting of Maple Grange, No. 714, P. of H., the county relief bond matter was the principle question for discussion and the following resolutions were adopted.

WHEREAS, Believing that the act passed by the legislature granting the counties of the state the right to vote county relief bonds is calculated to open up a way for intrigue and rascality, is impolitic, and is calculated to make our deplorable condition worse than it now is, therefore

Resolved, That we the members of Maple Grove Grange, will oppose and use all honorable means to defeat a call for an election, and if an election be called, will oppose and use all honorable means to defeat said measure.

Resolved, That a copy of this resolution be furnished each of the county papers, with request for publication. CHAS. A. ROBERTS, Sec.


Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.


AN ACT Authorizing Counties to Issue Relief Bonds.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Kansas.

SECTION 1. That any county in this state be and the same is hereby authorized to issue its bonds for the uses and purposes, and subject to the restrictions and requirements of this act; and where the population of any county does not exceed five thousand, the amount of bonds issued under this act shall not exceed the sum of five thousand dollars; and where the population of any county does not exceed ten thousand, the amount of bond issued by such county under the provisions of this act shall not exceed ten thousand dollars; and in no case shall the bonds issued by any county under this act exceed the sum of twenty thousand dollars.

SECTION 2. The bonds provided for in the first section of this act shall be known as "Relief Bonds" and shall be issued in denominations of not less than one hundred nor more than five hundred dollars each, and made payable at the option of the board of county commissioners, not less than three nor more than ten years from the date of issue, and shall draw interest at the rate of ten percent, per annum, payable semi-annually on the first day of April and October of each year, except the last interest payment, which shall mature with the bonds; and coupons for the interest shall be attached to each bond, and the bonds and interest shall be made payable at the fiscal agency of the state in the city of New York.

SECTION 3. The bonds and coupons aforesaid shall be signed by the chairman of the board of county commissioners, and attested by the county clerk and the seal of the county, and a registry of the same shall be made by the county clerk.

SECTION 4. The county commissioners shall sell the bonds issued under the provisions of this act for not less than ninety cents on the dollar, and the proceeds when sold shall be paid into the county treasury and placed to the credit of the relief fund, to be paid out only on the order of the county commissioners, for the object hereinafter named. No commission or drawback shall be allowed for negotiating said bonds.

SECTION 5. The attorney general is hereby authorized and required to draw a blank form of bond suitable for the use of counties under the provisions of this act, and furnish the same to the secretary of state.

SECTION 6. The secretary of state is hereby authorized and directed to have said bonds printed or lithographed for the use of the several counties of the state, and shall furnish said blanks only upon the order of the commissioners of the several counties.

SECTION 7. The county commissioners shall, as soon as practicable, invest the proceeds of said bonds, or so much thereof as may, in the opinion of said board of county commis sioners, be necessary to supply the destitute of their respective counties in accordance with the provisions of this act, in wheat, corn, oats, and potatoes only, or in any three of said articles, and distribute the same in such amounts as they shall deem best to persons applying therefor. Provided, That not more than ten bushels of wheat, fifty bushels of corn, fifteen bushels of oats, and five bushels of potatoes shall be given to the head of any one family; and Provided further, that the party so applying shall take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation: I do solemnly swear, or affirm, that I am not buying the wheat, corn, oats, and potatoes for which my note is this day given to the board of county commissioners for speculative purposes, and that the said grain and potatoes by me so purchased, are necessary, as I verily believe, to enable me to raise a crop the coming season, and that I am unable to purchase the same in the market with my own funds, or upon my own credit, sworn and subscribed to before me, this _______ day of __________, 1875; and Provided further, The county commissioners, in connection with the trustees of the several townships, are hereby authorized and empowered to discriminate in favor of such persons as in their judgment must need assistance.

SECTION 8. The county commissioners of the various counties shall provide blank notes in form as follows:

_________ ________ _____________KAS., __________ 187__.

One year after date I promise to pay to the board of county commissioners of ___________ county, Kansas ___________1-100 dollars with interest___________ from date at ten percent, per annum, for value received. This note is not transferable. . . .

[There were 16 sections. It is no wonder that some of the Granges objected to this so-called "Relief Bond" Act.]


Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

From T. A. Wilkinson.

Keota, Iowa, Feb. 9th, 1875.

REV. J. E. PLATTER: I wrote you while at Hopkins, that a carload would start from there on the 8th. Yesterday morning I learned that the railroads would not carry coal or grain to sufferers free. I immediately telegraphed from here to my brother-in-law at Hopkins, Missouri, to exchange the corn and wheat for flour and meal. This morning I received the following dispatch: "Have exchangedgoods go forward today." This exchange may reduce the amount to less than a carload, as considerable corn would have been sent. You will receive a letter from my brother-in-law, John Stewart, or the chairman of their aid society, with freight bill and receipt for $11.06 which I received to defray expenses.

I have organized an aid society at this place, and intended to ship a carload of corn today, from here, but cannot now ship until I exchange my corn for flour and meal. I think on Thursday, the 11th, I shall be ready. Will send letter and freight bill when I ship.

I had all kinds of reports circulating and the people in doubt as to what ought to be done; all are anxious and willing to aid, when satisfied that things donated will reach the needy.

Rumors are afloat that the State Central Relief Committee are speculating out of the funds, etc. But I found Lieut. Gov. E. S. Stover doing all in his power to distribute fairly, and crowded with business night and day with a careworn countenance plainly depicting the effect of overwork. Someone mentioned: "If this business lasts six months longer, it will kill me." Much disappointment is felt because grain cannot be shipped through free, but the R. R. companies think they have been imposed upon, and the needy must suffer on account of imposters.

I think I could raise all the seed corn and oats our destitute would need if this order had not arrived. But I shall go into Wisconsin soon and there solicit fundsto me back hereand do all I can previous to time for seeding. If I cannot send grain free, my plan will be to take money, pay the freight on seed oats and corn, also on potatoes, as soon as it will do to ship them.

It is quite cold here now, but clear and pleasant; ground frozen four feet deep, very little snow, a coating of ice over the surface of the whole country, owing to a thaw and sudden change.

As soon as the supplies reach you from Hopkins, Missouri, I earnestly desire you to write to John Stewart of that place, acknowledging receipt, etc., because I want the people to know that I am acting in good faith, and that their gifts have reached the needy.

Shall continue to work up this question of seed until time to sow oats, and then ship all I can. Should you choose to write me, my address will be as follows: La Grange, Walworth County, Wisconsin. Respectfully Yours, T. A. WILKINSON.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

Mr. S. W. Phoenix, of Richland Township, received $20 the other day from Richland Township, Michigan, for distribution among his neighbors who may need it. The generous donors may rest assured that any contribution they may send to Sam Phoenix, will be faithfully accounted for by him.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

At a regular meeting of Center Grange, the following resolution was adopted.

Resolved, That we, the members of Center Grange, No. 957, are opposed as a body, to the bonding of the county as passed by our present legislature for the purpose of raising $10,000. ED. MILLARD, Sec.

E. G. HANDY, Master.


Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

We did Dr. Mansfield injustice last week, in a short local, which was to the effect that the Dr. evaded the liquor license ordinance by selling alcohol in a spirit lamp, etc. The fact is that Dr. Mansfield sold liquor to one of our barbers in a lamp and was arrested therefor. Upon the trial, however, the city attorney dismissed the case, stating that he was well satisfied the Dr. had not violated the ordinance. We are always willing to make the amende honorable.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

On Tuesday last, Charlie Black shot and killed a very large beaver. On examination, it was found to have but three legs, one of the fore ones being off at the first joint. The knowing ones say that some time or other this dam builder had been caught in a trap, and to secure freedom, had cut its own leg off. Charlie was accompanied by Capt. Hunt, Reuben Rogers, Jasper Cochran, and L. J. Webb. The party killed 51 rabbits and several ducks.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

Grand Union Temperance Meeting.

At the courthouse on next Sunday evening, Feb. 21st, at 7 o'clock, all the ministers in the city and some from a distance will be present. Several speeches will be made upon the subject of Temperance, and good music is expected. All are invited. Come one, come all.

By order of Committee.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.


Will the Timber Creek, Silver Creek, Beaver Creek, Pleasant Vale, Maple Grove, and Maple City Baptist Churches appoint a committee of two each, and report to me at once the needs of such members as are actually destitute. I have received means from the Baptist Home Mission Society for distribution, with the promise of more.


Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

From Floral.

Nothing of note since my last. My warning to the slayers of the harmless quail, in last week's COURIER, seems to have had the desired effect.

Nearly everybody up this way favors the bond proposition for relief. The people of Richland as a rule are men who are willing to take care of themselves when they have a chance. A few, however, are opposed to it. When asked what their objections are, all you can get out of them is "big steal," "job," etc. It is notorious that most of these are getting aid now. I don't think it a violation of the rules of our order to tell you that eleven applicants will be initiated into our grange next Friday night. FLORAL.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.


This is not the same "beautiful snow" we have had all winter.

It is not true that the shadow of a twelve year old chicken, reflected upon a pot of boiling hot water, will make the best of soup.

There is no truth in the report that Allison was drowned in a barrel of swill in the rear of the Valley House one night last week.

W. P. Hackney intends going to New Orleans this spring.

The board of county commissioners meet today.

Several of our city farmers are opposed to the relief bonds.

A grange mill is to be built on Spring Creek, in Beaver Township.

We are under obligations to Alfred Gray, Secretary, State Board of Agriculture, for a copy of report. It is one of the ablest and most comprehensive ever issued in the state, and should be in the hands of everybody in any way interested in our state.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

M. S. Roseberry has so far recovered from his accident that he is about again.

See the new "ad" of Boyer & Co., in this paper. Boyer & Co. understand their business, and can give better bargains in their line than can be had anywhere. Give them a call.


Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

When you step into Sam Myton's splendid new brick now, the first thing you see is the ever smiling face of Mr. J. P. Short, who will wait on you so pleasantly that you feel like spending your last nickel there.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

See Judge Saffold's notice of Bankrupt Sale.

Bankrupt Sale.

In the District Court of the United States for the District of Kansas.

[In Bankruptcy.]

In the matter of Hiram Brotherton, Bankrupt.

By virtue of an order issued out of the aforesaid Court, I will on Monday, the 1st day of March, A. D. 1875, at 1 o'clock p.m. at said day at the south front door of the Courthouse in the City of Winfield, county of Cowley, State of Kansas, sell to the highest and first bidder, for cash, all the open accounts, and promissory notes against divers parties, remaining unsettled and unpaid, now in my hands belonging to the said bankrupt estate.


Assignee of the Estate of Hiram Brotherton, Bankrupt.

Winfield, Feb. 8, 1875.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

The Traveler says that Samuel Darrah, W. J. Keffer, and J. G. Titus start down the Arkansas in a flatboat with J. C. Lillie, managing Editor. . . .

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.


A No. 1 printer, at this office. One who is sober, industrious, and willing to work at grasshopper prices for a while, will get constant employment. Also a boy to learn the trade. Apply at once.


Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

Lazette News.

Some of our neighboring townships have taken steps to send east, agents, to petition for aid. Mr. Daniel Miles will go in behalf of Silver Creek Township, while L. L. Smith, D. D., aided by Mr. Beach, goes in behalf of Harvey.

The protracted meeting of the M. E. church closed on Friday evening last. Rev. McQuiston of Winfield was in attendance part of the week and assisted in the service.

Joseph Sweet has purchased a fine lot of sheep and is making preparations to go extensively into the business of handling this kind of stock. He is not the only one who believes that sheep raising will pay in this part of Cowley County.

Now that the new mill is turning out No. 1 flour, farmers along the Grouse are bringing their grain to Lazette, and the town is assuming new life and vigor.

Doctor Chapman contemplates erecting a building for a new drugstore, and the report is that a tin and hardware store will soon move in.

The other day while quite a number of our good citizens were inspecting the mill, one of the large bands flew off its wheel. The noise which followed was like that of a tempest, and the stampede of "brave men" was wonderful to behold. Heroes of a hundred battlefields, famous Indian fighters, and renowned buffalo hunters turned pale and "got up and got," in double quick time, expecting sections of boilers, scantling, rafters, and the earth itself to hurry them into another world. Fortunately, no lives were lost and no scalps were damaged, but a "heap" of shoe leather was worn out by the terrified stampede.


Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875..

[Note: Most of this item was illegible. Got only part of it.]

The cemetery committee made the following report, which on motion was adopted, and the committee disbanded. . . . leave to submit the following report: During the past week we visited the cemetery north of the city, in company with a committee from the cemetery association, and found two blocks well located and suited for the use of the city, which were offered by the committee from the cemetery association for the sum of $125 in city warrants and your committee was inclined to report favorably for purchasing the same for the use of the city. Since that time, however, the committee have been offered by Mr. Ira F. Moore, having charge of the cemetery grounds south of the city, the same amount of grounds in that cemetery, free of charge, and as a donation to the city; we would, therefore, in making this report as between the location of the two grounds, favor the one north of the city, but as regards the difference in the estimated value of the two grounds, would favor accepting the proposition offered the city from the cemetery south of the city.

H. S. Silver, S. Darrah, R. B. Saffold, Committee.

On motion, a committee consisting of R. B. Saffold, H. S. Silver, and S. Darrah, was appointed to wait on Mr. Ira E. Moore and accept the donation to the city, of the cemetery grounds offered by him, and procure a deed to the city of Winfield, of the same.

Ordinance No. 46, in relation to the construction of sidewalks along the north side of lot 1, and along the north end of lots 17 and 18, all in block 110, was read by sections and duly passed. The final vote on the passage of said ordinance was yeas, Saffold, Darrah, Silver, Cochran, and McMillen. Nays, none.

Ordinance No. 45, in relation to the duties of the city marshal and the prevention of fires, was read by sections and duly passed. Said ordinance was passed by the unanimous vote of the council.

C. A. Bliss presented a bill of $37.50 for building sidewalks along the south side of lot 12 in block 129, which after being reported favorably on by the finance committee, was allowed and ordered paid.

It was moved and seconded that on and after Feb. 1st, 1875, the city marshal's wages be reduced to $30 per month. Motion prevailed.

Being no other business before the council, on motion, adjourned.

S. W. CURNS, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

For Sale or Trade.

For suitable real estate, a pair of fine Kentucky mules and new wagon. Apply at this office or to Stephen Scotton, 3 miles southwest of Tisdale.

Winfield Courier, February 18, 1875.

For Sale.

25 head of last spring calves and yearlings. 4 miles northwest of Winfield, west side of the Walnut. W. D. CLARKE.


Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.


As some people do not understand the particulars of the $150,000 donation made by congress to the needy of the west, we must again inform them that it is to be distributed as food and clothing only to grasshopper sufferers throughout the west, embracing Dacotah, Minnesota, Nebraska, and Kansas. But very little will come to Cowley County.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.


According to circulars from the headquarters of the A. T. & S. F. railroad, freights are reduced as follows from Atchison to Wichita: Potatoes, corn, oats, bran, and feed (not meal), $22.00 by the carload, or 25 cents per hundred pounds for less than a carload. This is a very liberal reduction from former rates and is in the interest of our grasshopper sufferers.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.


Less than a year ago, portions of the states of Mississippi, Louisiana, and Arkansas were swept over with floods and worms, which destroyed the crops of the people there. Congress appropriated a large amount of food and clothing to relieve the destitute. No man in the republican party objected. The other day Col. Cobb, of our own state, asked congress to do the same thing for Kansas and Nebraska, and every democrat voted against it. But thanks to Col. Cobb and the republican party, the bill is now a law.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.


We have just received a letter from Joseph M. Argo, of Vermont, Illinois, informing us that he shipped on the 18th inst., two barrels of flour, three barrels of corn meal, and a box containing sundries weighing 210 pounds, intended for friends in Richland Township, and asking us to look after it.

Of all the friends that Kansas has had, and still has, none have done more for her than has Mr. Argo. He has given his time and means without stint to aid our people from the very first, having made several trips to our state in charge of supplies for the needy.

When the Kansas of the future comes to rear a monument to her benefactors, the name of Jos. M. Argo, of Fulton County, Illinois, will not be forgotten.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.


The state grange, which has been in Topeka during the past few days, elected the following officers for the ensuing year: Master, M. E. Hudson; Overseer, William Sims; Lecturer, W. S. Hanna; Steward, Chas. S. With; Assistant, James Coffin; Chaplain, _______ Mason; Treasurer, John Boyd; Secretary. P. B. Maxson.

The Executive Committee has been increased to five, which, with the Master and Overseer, makes seven.

The state will be redistricted. The constitution has been materially changed. The state grange will be composed of only Masters and their wives, who are Matrons. They elect two delegates at large from each county, and an additional delegate for every fifteen hundred or fraction equal to one thousand, and they form the legislative body of the state grange. Twenty-five members constitute a quorum, instead of fifty as heretofore. The salaries of the Master and Secretary are fixed at seven hundred dollars each. A plan has been devised for the organization of county granges.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.


This bill, which passed the house of representatives last week and is likely to pass the senate, is a very important one. It comes from the hands and head of Hon. J. F. Legate, one of the noblest men in the state. If it becomes a law, it insures a more equitable distribution of the burdens of taxation, securing a larger revenue at less expense. Here are some of its features.

The bill revises our entire tax law. It provides that taxes shall be due annually upon the first of November, and adds a penalty of ten percent upon all unpaid taxes the first days of January, April, July, and October, until they have run for four years. At the expiration of that time, they are advertised and sold absolutely without any redemption.

The semi-annual feature of payment is retained, so that by paying one-half of one's taxes before the first day of January, the remaining one-half incurs no penalty until the following July. The rebate of the present law is however, not retained.

All property is to be assessed at its true value in money. Railroads are made personal property, and are assessed and treated in all respects like other personal property. Township trustees are by virtue of their office, assessors of their townships. In cities an assessor is to be chosen each year.

One of the most important features of the bill is that the amount of taxes which may be levied for the expenses of counties is limited to four mills on the dollar, and of cities to three mills on the dollar. This is exclusive of school tax both in city and country and also of interest on bonded indebtedness.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.


Those persons who have busied themselves in passing resolutions and talking against voting bonds to procure seed and feed for the needy are respectfully invited to digest these facts.

From the Cowley County Relief Committee, of which Rev. J. E. Platter is chairman, we learn that thirteen out of twenty-two townships in the county report to them seven hundred and twenty three (723) destitute families, containing two thousand eight hundred and ninety- five (2,895) persons. These are principally small farmers. Neither Winfield or Creswell Townships are included in the list. These people are not only without aid and feed for spring planting, but are destitute of food. It is but reasonable to suppose that in the remaining townships there are at least five hundred and seventy seven (577) families in similar circumstances, making in all one thousand (1,000) families, or about four thousand (4,000) persons. Will those three or four granges who resolved against the relief bonds now turn round and tell us what their plan of relief is, or whether they propose any relief at all for their needy neighbors?


Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.


From the Lockport, New York, daily Journal, we clip the following graphic account of the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller of New York. The fact that they are the parents of one of our own purest and best citizens, J. C. Fuller, Esq., gives it double interest. The Journal correspondent describes the occasion thus:

1825 1875


Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller,

At Home

Tuesday, Feb. 2, 1875, at 2 o'clock p.m.

J. Cash Fuller. Eliza Goold.

And such an invitation is not to be slighted, for golden weddings are somewhat less frequent than those made of tin. Accordingly I repaired to the house of Mr. Fuller, as per invitation. The house was already filled, in the main, with relatives, together with a few invited guests. The rooms were festooned with evergreens, with mottoes interspersed. Above the entrance to the parlor was seen the significant motto in evergreen, "welcome home." Upon one of the walls in the parlor was found "1825-1875," while between them was suspended a golden chain of eleven links to symbolize the children, binding those years together; but two of those links, the second and fifth, told us by their broken condition, how death had twice entered the family circle and severed the golden chain. In another part of the parlor upon a large table were displayed the presents: a heavy, solid gold headed cane, a pair of gold spectacles, a silver tea set gold lined, oil paintings and chromos in heavy gilt frames, together with some gold coins as mementoes of this golden occasion.

Further description is unnecessary. To really appreciate these things one must visit these fortunate old people, carry that gold headed cane, examine those pictures through those gold bound spectacles, and drink some of Mrs. Fuller's superb tea from those gilded ten cups.

But that dinner! My pen absolutely refuses to enter upon a description. I might talk about turkey, chicken, pastry, preserves, rich cream and butter made out of cow's milk, and you, shut up in your palaces in the city, would know no more about it than a blind man does of color. It was not served until between five and eight o'clock p.m., and you may judge of my appetite after having fasted from an early breakfast hour. That dinner! If your imagination is good, you can more easily imagine than I can describe it.

Once more in the parlor the following impromptu programme of exercises we enjoyed:

A sacred song styled, "Over There," was sung by a few selected singers, after which a poem was read, selected from Will Carlton's collection of Farm Ballads, styled "Out of the Old House Nancy," which was appropriate in view of a recent corresponding change made by Mr. Fuller. The Rev. R. C. Foote then gave an interesting address, taking for his theme, "Once in a Lifetime;" bringing forward the prominent facts of life in general, and specially with reference to these elderly people. The address abounded in pleasantry and was heartily enjoyed, while recollections of sad experiences caused a tear to stain the cheek of many present.

An address of presentation was then made by C. H. Lum, Esq., Yates, Orleans County, New York, following which a prayer was offered by Rev. Mr. Foote, and after singing "Shall we gather at the river," the assembly broke up or rather was changed into one of life and pleasure. Between music, social conversation and repartee, the hours of the evening sped rapidly away.

Much of interest attaches to a couple who have lived happily together a half century, and that interest would require me to say a few words concerning them. They were born in what is now Cartlon, Orleans County, New York, the one in 1803, the other in 1808, making Mr. Fuller 72, and Mrs. Fuller 67 years of age. They have been members of the M. E. church 48 years, and in those years have sought to instill into the minds and hearts of their children the truths of christianity, so that now the majority of them are members of the church and partakers of the same communion.

Two of the children were not permitted to be present; only three are residing in this state, while the other four came from different parts of the west to meet these latter and make the family circle as near complete as possible.

They found their parents enjoying life and health, with forms less bent than common to such remarkable years, eyes dimmed but not into darkness; hair traced with silver, but still enough of darker hue remaining to tell of a vigorous old age. They together with the other relatives and guests there present join us in the prayer, uttered that evening, that this aged couple may enjoy many happy peaceful years, that having rowed together down the stream of time, so near the eternal sea, when that little bark bearing their united lives and fortune has braved over its last billow, it may come to another in the haven of everlasting rest; that together they may be received by kindred and loved ones; that together they may be introduced to the "King in His beauty," and ushered into their eternal mansion; that together they may await the coming of their loved ones, till altogether they join a happy reunion in their eternal home! W. O. B.

Pendleton Center, Feb. 6, 1875.


Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.



As to the herd law, I am creditably informed that there are thirteen anti-herd lawmen in this township. We have a voting population of sixty-five, but at our last annual election, we only polled a vote of twenty-three, and according to the law, the thirteen anti-herd law petitioners would settle the question, as far as this township is concerned.

Mr. Editor, we hope you will come out on this question and show these people that without the herd law, we cannot get along, for the abolition of this law practically abolishes or banishes a large portion of our citizens.

We have had some wrangling over our aid matters, but I trust that there has been no bad feeling engendered. In the first place, district sixty-seven of this township organized a relief committee and made preparation to help themselves to any aid that they could procure from the County Central Committee. Our committee reported to the chairman of the Central committee and was accepted.

Soon after this organization, the township organized and wanted district sixty-seven to lay aside their organization. This they refused to do, whereupon some low down sneak, some dirty pauper, some vagabond, went to work to break up the organization of sixty-seven. I will give you a few words from a letter from Mr. Platter, received by the district committee, in order to show you what a low down subterfuge this dirty misbegotten mud-thrower resorted to. Here it is.

"To Committee of Dist. No. 67. Dear Sirs: Complaint comes to us that in Cedar Town- ship your organization embraces so small a portion of your township that a majority of your citizens have no representation. You report to us from only your district, but we judge from the tenor of letters received, you are supposed to act and want to draw appropriations for the whole township. I am sure your neighbors misunderstand. You see and explain to them that you meant no such thing and all work together."

Good advice, but there is no need of an explanation for no person in Cedar Township thought any such thing. It originated in the lying brain of a miserable liar, who had no business of his own to attend to and had to meddle with somebody else's business. But enough of that.

The Township Committee, consisting of John Frazee, D. W. Willey, and W. Morgan went to work as men should. District 67 accepted the committee after theirs was annulled, and reported to the township committee for their portion of the hash, and in justice to that committee I will say that there was no discrimination made. They conscientiously distribute all they can get. Yet there are some who grumble. But it is impossible to please everybody, and he who attempts it, will please nobody. Well, Mr. Editor, talk is cheap but it takes money to buy grub.

Since writing the above, I was informed that the township committee have called a meeting for next Saturday night, the 13th, as they are going to resign.

Your correspondent had this letter ready to mail, but decided to wait and see what was done at the meeting.

Since then the committee received about 360 pounds of corn meal and some clothing, which was distributed among the people.

The meeting just spoken of was held at the Day schoolhouse and was well attended. William Callahan was called to the chair and J. W. Belles was appointed secretary of the meeting.

Messrs. Willey and Morgan, of the Committee, were present and tendered their resignations, which were accepted by the people. Sanford Day made a motion that Mr. Frazee be removed from the committee and that there be three new committeemen elected; motion carried.

Mr. Willey was then nominated, but utterly refused to accept. He said he had had all the honors he desired in that line at present.

After considerable filibustering the following gentlemen were elected Committee: Sanford Day, Esq., Mr. Henry Thompson, and Wm. Morgan. I believe there was no fault found with Mr. Frazee, but he had expressed a wish to some of his friends that there would be a reorganization of the township, and that he be released. Respectfully, CHEROKEE.


Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

The bill appropriating $95,000 among the needy of the state still hangs fire in the legislature.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

There is a small paper printed at the Osage Indian Agency, called the Indian Herald. It contains considerable spice.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

Those people who are waiting for the Indian Territory to be opened so as to allow white men to settle therein, may as well give up that hope. The scheme is lost.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

Gen. Sheridan has written a letter to the secretary of state, thanking the legislature of Kansas for having passed resolutions endorsing his action in the Louisiana troubles.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

While Mr. McIntire was a member of the legislature from Cowley County, the Leaven- worth members secured the passage of a law whereby about $60,000 of state and school taxes due from Leavenworth County were turned over to that county to be used in the construction of an expensive courthouse. Here was smartness for you.


Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.



In the Probate Court in and for said county.

In the matter of the estate of Joseph Foos, deceased.

NOTICE is hereby given that letters of administration have been granted to the undersigned on the estate of Joseph Foos, late of said county, deceased, by the honorable the Probate court of the county and state aforesaid, dated the 25th day of February A. D. 1875. Now all persons having claims against the said estate are hereby notified that they must present the same to the undersigned for allowance within one year from the date of said letters, or they may be precluded from any benefit of such estate, and that if such claims be not exhibited within three years after the date of said letters, they shall be forever barred.


Administratrix of the Estate of Joseph Foos, Deceased.

BY WEBB & MILLINGTON, her Attorneys, Winfield, Kansas, February 25, 1875.


Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

A. H. Green, Esq., has gone to Topeka.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

A Lodge of Good Templars is being organized in this city.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

The bond relief business being now out of the scrape, what next?

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

Quite a number of the citizens of Arkansas City were in town Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

T. A. Blanchard has contributed a barrel of pork to the poor of the county.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

Old soldiers will take notice of Manning's bounty card in another column.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

Old Soldiers, Take Notice!!

Congress is about to pass a bill equalizing bounties. Under its provisions honorably discharged soldiers who have not already received bounties amounting thereto will be allowed eight and one third dollars' per month for the time actually in the service. Soldiers who were discharged for promotion are included, as also are the Missouri militia regiments who were mustered into the U. S. service. I am perfecting arrangements to make this busi ness a specialty, and all interested are invited to give me a call. E. C. MANNING.

Winfield, Kan., Feb., 1875.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

We notice that Mr. Whitehead is building an addition to his house on Main street.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

We are sorry to learn that Mrs. James McDermott of Dexter is dangerously ill.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

Sam Myton has the "blazingist" sign in the county mounted on the tip top of his new brick.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

Mr. and Mrs. Deming of the Lagonda are slowly recovering from their very severe illness.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

Sam Myton is putting a new front onto his old store building, and is refitting it up generally.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

Mr. A. T. Stewart of this place is a member of the State Executive Committee of Patrons of Husbandry.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

Little Dutch came down en masse to attend the temperance meeting at the courthouse last Sunday evening.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

Last Monday was the birthday of George Washington. A dance at Thomasville was the only celebration we have any news of.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

John McGuire of Tisdale, who went east a few weeks ago to solicit aid for that township, has returned home, he not having met with very marked success.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

The lecture of Dr. Mansfield last Monday evening before the Winfield Institute was highly interesting but was not so well attended as it should have been.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

W. M. Allison, of the Telegram, is making preparations to start a paper at Wellington, Sumner County. We certainly wish Mr. Allison success in his new field.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

The only chance the people of this county will have to help themselves, to secure seed, feed, etc., for spring planting has fallen through, there not being names enough to the petition to call the election.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

Samuel Darrah and J. G. Titus of this place, and Mr. Keffer of Pleasant Valley, started last Monday down the Arkansas River in a flat-boat bound for Fort Smith. We wish those hardy sailors a pleasant voyage.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

The grand temperance meeting at the Courthouse last Sunday resulted in a full house. J. M. Barrick, Esq., of Rock, was the principal lecturer. His discourse was interesting and well received.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

The Legislature, will, in all probability, adjourn next Tuesday, as that is the last day for which the members can draw pay, and it is not likely they will stay long at their own expense.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

Some hungry cusses "went through" T. A. Blanchard's house the other day, and helped themselves to everything they could find to eat. Mrs. Blanchard has just finished her week's baking so that the thieves got some ten pies and numerous loaves of bread.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

J. J. Ellis, well known here as the senior member of the firm of Ellis & Black of this place, but who has been out of business for some time, starts for Kentucky next week with his family, where he will reside in the future.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

A great many barrels marked "beans" have been coming as aid over the railroad, because food came through free and grain was subject to freight charges. The railroad officials became suspicious of the bean business and bored holes in the bean barrels and found shelled corn. All sach are held and sold for freight at Wichita.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

Winfield Institute.

The fourth lecture of the winter course will be delivered at the courthouse on Monday evening next, March 1st, by Prof. E. P. Hickok. Subject: Ocean Currents. Tickets 15 cents, 2 for 25 cents, 10 for $1.


Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.


WINFIELD, Feb., 1875.

At a meeting of the School Board of Dist. No. 1, it was determined to have a spring term of three months commencing Monday, March 22nd, 1875. The following scale of salaries for teachers was adopted. Principal, $40 per month. Intermediate and primary departments, $35 per month each. Application for teachers will be received by

G. S. MANSER, Dist. Clerk.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

Grange Resolutions.

VERNON GRANGE, P. of H. No. 128.

February 20th, 1875.

WHEREAS, in the dispensation of Divine Providence, Brother Joseph Ettenborough has been removed from us by death, therefore be it

Resolved, That in the death of brother Ettenborough we have lost a valuable member of our order, and an esteemed member of society, and that we sympathize most sincerely with his many friends here and his relatives in the east, in this their great bereavement, caused by the sudden death of one who bid so fair to take a leading position in society. . . .


T. A. Blanchard, Secretary.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

A Surprise Party.

At the M. E. Parsonage on Tuesday evening, Feb. 23rd, myself and family were invited out to take tea with a friend, and on our return about 7 o'clock we found to our great surprise our house full of friends, all enjoying themselves hugely in singing and social conversation. By half past nine all had dispersed, leaving with us about $25 in cash and other things as good as cash, for which we all join in thanks and gratitude, and may Heaven's benediction rest upon them all. JOHN McQUISTON, B. A. McQUISTON.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

Grange Resolution.

At a special meeting of Lazette Grange, 1837, P. of H., the county relief fund matter was discussed, and the following resolution was adopted.

WHEREAS, Believing that the act passed by the legislature granting to counties of this state the right to vote relief bonds is calculated to open up a way for rascality and corruption, therefore,

Resolved, That we, the members of Lazette Grange will oppose and use all honorable means to defeat said measure.

Resolved, That a copy of this resolution be furnished each of the county papers with request for publication. J. M. WOLLEN, Sec.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

Letter from the State Grange Relief Agent.

TOPEKA, Kansas.

BRO. BLANCHARD: The Legislature has appropriated $5,000 for the use of our organization, with which to pay freight on grain contributed for the destitute people of Kansas. As an organization we are charged with an important trust, to aid in procuring seed, and feed for animals, for those who are not members of our order, as well as those who are.

The Executive Committee desires to urge upon you the importance of a judicious and impartial distribution of whatever supplies of grain may be consigned to your charge. To do this, please urge upon every grange in those localities where there are people unable to procure seed, or feed for their animals, to select a trustworthy and careful brother as agent for their locality, who shall make a canvass of his locality and report the names and number of those unable to procure grainboth members of the order and those who are notand report the kind and amount of grain needed for seed, and feed for teams. These reports will be made to you as County Relief Agent, from which you will be enabled to guide your judgment in the distribution of whatever supplies of grain you may receive. We trust to your good judgment and the faithful co-operation of the local agents to make an impartial distribution.

We send you blanks which you will please sign as agent and forward to W. P. Popenoe, Grange Relief Agent, Topeka, Kansas.


For Ex. Com. K. S. Grange.

Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

WINFIELD, Kan., Feb. 24th, 1875.

The above letter explains itself, and in pursuance of the same let me urge subordinate granges in this county to take immediate steps, and that no time may be lost, I recommend the calling of special meetings for this purpose. Report by mail.


Relief Agent for Cowley County.


Winfield Courier, February 25, 1875.

A Card to the Public.

On Friday evening, Feb. 12th, the first information arrived here concerning the enactment of the law entitled "An act authorizing counties to issue relief bonds." Believing that no other action would be taken by the legislature whereby the people could obtain seed for planting and feed for teams in time to be of any use, and laboring under the impression that seed and feed was badly needed by many in Cowley County, and that it could be obtained under the provisions of that bill if prompt action was taken, I did so Saturday morning, Feb. 13th, draw three or four petitions asking the county commissioners to call a special election, and submit the question of issuing bonds under the law. I expected to obtain signatures enough by the following Wednesday. In this I failed. The petitions sent to the country did not return with as many names as I had expected and several men from different parts of the county who happened in town during the time mentioned opposed the movement. A very large majority of the voters of Winfield signed the petition. The principal opposition to the movement came from the country.

Notwithstanding the opposition that was being developed, I persevered in circulating the petition until last Saturday, at which time the petition still lacked a few names of the required number. At this time, owing to the seeming probability that the proposition would be voted down, the near approach of planting time, and the lack of petitioners, I ceased my efforts.

I make this explanation to the petitioners, to those who are very solicitous the measure should be adopted, and particularly to the very many excellent citizens who encouraged me in the effort by good words and the assurance that they knew of no other way whereby they could seed their ground the coming season.

I have not changed my mind as to the wisdom or necessity of the movement, but could not take the responsibility of pressing an election in the face of so threatening an opposition.

The future will probably verify the wisdom of the bond proposition and confound those who opposed it. As the movement may be considered abandoned, I only hope the manifest necessity for relief may be in some way largely mitigated. E. C. MANNING.


Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

California has contributed in cash, six thousand dollars, to the destitute of Kansas and the same to Nebraska.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

A passenger train on the Denver and Pueblo railroad was capsized three times by the wind while running broadside to it.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

The Legislature has changed the name of Grasshopper Falls to Valley Falls, and Grasshopper River to Delaware River.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Andy Johnson will meet in the Senate thirteen Senators who voted on his impeachment, and Andy knows how they voted, too.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

The bill authorizing the county board to bond the outstanding indebtedness of the county has passed the senate, and only awaits the Governor's signature to become a law.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

It is now stated on the authority of Chas. G. Leland, who has a work on the subject in press, that America was discovered in the fifth century by the Chinese Buddhist priests.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

A war between the Baltimore & Ohio railroad and northern roads results in a great reduction of freight and fare between the west and east. One can ride from Kansas City to the Atlantic coast for twenty-five dollars.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Our legislature has passed a law which makes fearful havoc with the fees and salaries of county officers. The pay received by the officials of Cowley County will run about as follows:

County Clerk, in lieu of fees as heretofore, receives $1,200.

County Attorney, $400.

County Superintendent, $400.

The fees of the others are reduced about 50 percent, which makes the office of clerk of the court, at least, worth nothing.

In counties of less than 7,000 inhabitants, the Probate Judge is made ex officio register of deeds.

These reductions have created a fearful commotion among officials.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.


Just as we had given up all hope of hearing from "old Bender" more, we were gratified to learn that the old butcher had been captured at Florence, Arizona. We know it must be old Bender, for he is very reticent, and answers the description to a gnats heel, besides he acknowledges himself to be old John Bender. Governor Osborn has made a requisition on the Governor of Arizona for the old man, and some old dead beat will get a free ride to Kansas, and free board while here.


Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Lazette News.

Jacob Coleman lost a valuable lot of hay by fire a few days ago. It is supposed to have been the work of incendiaries.

William Underwood, of Dexter, paid his Lazette friends a short visit last week.

R. W. Jackson is happy. He arrived on last Saturday from Chanute, bringing his wife and children, who have been spending a few months with friends in Indiana.

Rev. McQuiston preached here on Friday evening last.

A donation of $14.00 was quietly collected and unexpectedly presented to Rev. J. J. Wingar, on the 26th ult., and he started for Conference the next day with a happy heart.

R. W. Jackson has a famous team. Only he himself can handle them without danger. J. M. Woollen, Roll Maurer, and R. C. Story tried it on their return from the teachers' institute last fall, but the smash up was sad to behold. A few days ago Story tried his hand again with the team, but the horses ran away, tumbling him off the wagon, one of the hind wheels running over him, but with little damage else than a severe bruise. Not satisfied with this performance, the horses got away twice afterwards on the same day, the last time pulling up before a hay stack.

The excessive cold weather has affected the health of many in this valley and the doctors have their hands full.

Our merchants have been receiving several loads of new goods, which is a good index of the state of business here.

Mr. James Lee has purchased the Bupp farm above town, and intends stocking it with cattle.

J. M. Woollen started last week for the sunny clime of Arkansas. He leaves a host of friends in Grouse Valley.

J. H. Wedding started eastward last fall, and kept going until he hauled up in Washington County, Virginia. The entire trip was made with a team.

Several families in this part of the county are contemplating a return to the land of their wives' people.

Mc. D. Stapleton tried his new horse and silver tipped harness on Sunday, and his team of bays seemed proud of their ornaments.

Several small lots of aid goods have been received here, the last donation coming from New York, and through the kindness of Mr. Redfield of Wichita.

A nice dish can be had these hard times by anyone who has a little wheat. Take half a pint or less, crack it in a coffee mill or with a hammer, cook it in water from twenty to thirty minutes, being careful not to burn. It may then be eaten with sugar or cream, butter, molasses, hot or cold, or fried for breakfast; and is a dish good enough for a king. It is cheap, palatable, and very nutritious and healthful.


Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

The Howard County division bill was beaten in the senate by a ruse. Having passed the house by a large vote, it stuck in the senate several weeks. At last it passed that body with an amendment, submitting the question of division to the people. This will not be concurred in by the house, and the senate will not recede. The supreme court has already decided that such a law is unconstitutional, even should the house accept the amendment. The tricks of legislation are various.


Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

The Osages.

Our old friends, the Osages, are doing something at their new home fifty miles southeast of here. From the Herald published there we learn that 534 families have selected homes, 324 families have land in cultivation, 110 have houses. They have 400 cattle, 8,240 ponies, 176 horses, 110 mules, 20 oxen, and 2,400 hogs, besides other stock and improvements.

The tribe numbers about three thousand persons. During the year 1874 they built 3,000 rods of fence and near 600 Indians were engaged in agriculture and other civilized departments. They raised about 6,000 bushels of wheat, 2,000 bushels of oats, 10,000 bushels of potatoes, and many other vegetables, which are conducive to the comfort and health of the human race.

They have near 17,000 ponies, cattle, and hogs. They have good saw and grist mills at the agency, where many full bloods have rendered competent service. There may now be found on the reservation near 140 dwellings, occupied by members of the tribe, more than half of whom are blanket Osage.


Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Road Law.

For the information of our readers, we give the following section of the road law as it is now in force.

SEC. 30. Each road overseer shall, on or before the twentieth day of March of each year, report to the township trustee the names of all persons subject to the two day road tax for the preceding year, the names of those who have worked out said tax, the names of those who have paid said tax in money, and the names of those delinquent; and also all moneys received by him from all sources and how expended, and the account of said road overseer of work performed by himself, which report shall be approved by said trustee before any final settlement be made with such road overseer. Each and every road overseer or other officer who shall neglect or refuse to perform the several duties enjoined upon him by this act, or who shall under any pretense whatever give, or sign, a certificate for labor performed or money paid, unless the labor shall have been performed or money paid prior to the signing or giving of such receipt or certificate, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and every overseer so offending shall forfeit for every such offense not less than five nor more than fifty dollars, to be recovered by an action before any justice of the peace within the township where such overseer may reside; and it is hereby made the duty of every county attorney to prosecute all offenses against the provisions of this act not otherwise provided for.


Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

The Cheyennes Have Surrendered.

The following dispatch from the Cheyenne Agency, which is about one hundred miles southwest of this place, explains itself. The Indian war in that vicinity may be considered ended.


Kan., Feb. 25, 1875.

To Maj. Gen. Pope, Ft. Leavenworth.

Stone Calf has come in here to surrender himself and the whole Cheyenne tribe, about 1600 in number, with the two German white women. The main body is still three days travel from here. I send an ambulance out tomorrow to bring in the white women captives. Stone Calf has agreed that they shall give up their arms and ponies, go into camp, and attend daily roll call. Gray Bird, Heaps of Birds, and all the principal chiefs except Medicine Water, are with Stone Calf.

Please order flour, sugar, and coffee to be forwarded as soon as possible. I can get plenty of beef.

(Signed) THOS. H. NEIL, Brevet Brig. Gen., Com'g."


Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

A. J. Patrick, who used to publish the Censor at this place, has not forgotten Kansas. He is interesting himself in his California home in collecting donations for the needy of this state.


Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.


County Officials in CouncilTheir Indignation at the Reduction of their fees and SalariesTheir Opinion of the LegislatureThey Adopt a Resolution Expressive of Their Sentiments.

The most wretchedly wretched pack of fellows we ever beheld was together yesterday morning in the office of the County clerk. At first we thought it must be a party of pall- bearers practicing for a funeral, or some starvelings come in for relief who had been denied by the people's volunteer servant, Mr. Silver, because of a scarcity of red tape. But no, it was a gathering of county officials to condole with each other over the reduction of their fees and salaries.

A call of the house showed every office represented except that of County Superintendent and County Commissioners. A motion was made to d__n the legislature, which gave rise to a spirited debate. An amendment was offered by a "reformer," to have the motion read "d__n Radical Legislature," which was opposed by the Republicans and voted down. An effort was then made by a radical to amend so as to read "d dash n Reform Legislature," but out of consideration for the feelings of some of their number, the republicans helped to kill that. Finally a gentleman who had sat all the morning gazing intently at a knothole in the floor offered as a compromise a substitute, to read "damphool Legislature," which was unanimously adopted. The meeting then dispersed, each considering himself a special committee of one to carry out the intention of the resolution.


Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

The Legislature adjourns tomorrow.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

George Morris returned from Topeka last Friday.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

A down-hearted set. County officials. Caused by a reduction of salaries.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

E. P. Kinne of Arkansas City was in town a couple of days this week.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

For the first time in six months the Walnut River at Bliss' mill is dam full.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Why don't you bring us the wood that you are owing us? We mean you.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Seven wagon loads of aid were received by the county committee last Saturday.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Remember Prof. Hickok lectures before the Winfield Institute tomorrow night.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Cowley County has less population now than one year ago, and it is growing lesser.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Dr. John Headrick returned to his old haunts yesterday looking better for his trip.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Hundreds of teams are wanted at Wichita immediately, to haul supplies to the Cheyenne Agency.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

There is a paper called the Progressive Communist, published at Cedarvale, Howard County.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Mrs. Dr. Mansfield has again gone to New York, called thither by the illness of her sister.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Prof. H. B. Norton and several of the students of the Emporia Normal school have the mumps.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

MARRIED. C. W. Richmond and Mrs. M. A. Lappin, were married at the Baptist church last Sunday evening.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

A. T. Stewart, Esq., is detained at Topeka by his duties as one of the State Grange Executive Committee.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Miss Kate Johnson started last Monday morning for Canada for an extended visit. She expects to make the trip alone.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Interested parties who have an opportunity for learning estimate the amount of wheat for sale in the county at this time at three thousand bushels.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Last Saturday a man came from the east part of the county, twenty-eight miles away, to the relief committee for aid. Tobacco was the first thing he inquired for.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Notwithstanding the hard times, several good substantial buildings are being erected in town this winter, and others ready to begin as soon as the spring opens.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

The dwelling house standing east of L. J. Webb's, occupied by Mr. Fortner and owned by Mrs. Flint, caught fire this morning, but was put out without its doing much damage.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

At the St. Nicholas you will find our pleasant and genial friend, Jim Hill, ever ready to get you up a choice dish of oysters, or hand you out cigars, apples, candies, or anything else in his line.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Owing to the slim attendance last Monday night, Prof. Hickok's lecture on "Ocean Currents," was postponed until Friday (tomorrow) evening.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

We are pleased to notice the pleasant countenance of mine host of the Lagonda House around again looking not much the worse from his recent illness.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

The bill equalizing soldiers' bounties has just passed the U. S. Senate and only awaits the President's signature to become a law. That Gen. Grant will sign it there can be no doubt. All interested should read the card of E. C. Manning in another column, and bring in their discharge papers. [Notice was in last issue.]

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Brown & Markwort have dissolved partnership, and have sold their stock of goods to A. A. Jackson and Jim Hill, who will continue the business under the firm name of Jackson & Hill.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

The snow storm yesterday was without doubt the most energetic storm of the kind we have experienced this winter. Besides leaving at least six inches on the level, it piled itself up in ten feet drifts, and found its way into barns, stores, house lofts, and every other place a lively driving snow could by any possibility penetrate.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

A pair of county officials, no doubt rendered reckless by the reduction of their salaries, engaged in a friendly scuffle the other day, perhaps to decide which should take both offices, when one of them accidentally put a head on the other, and now Judge Gans carries a portico over his left eye.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

We have received a communication from Silver Creek, giving a gloomy account of the way the relief business is managed, or rather mis-managed, in that township. But as the COURIER rule is never to publish a communication unless the real name of the author is signed to it, we cannot publish this one.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.


We are indebted to Mr. Gans, our efficient Probate Judge, for the following list of marriage licenses issued during the past month.

Noah S. Mounts to Sarah S. Smith.

E. E. Craine to Belle Justice.

James P. Patterson to Jennie Hawkins.

John Rhodes to Mary M. Schneider.

C. W. Richmond to Martha A. Lappin.

John Meeks to Carrie Benedict.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Under the new law our county superintendent of public instruction receives three dollars a day for each day actually spent in attendance upon the duties of his office.

Winfield Courier, March 4, 1875.

Colorado has passed a bill admitting Colorado and New Mexico into the Union. By the terms of admission, they do not get in until 1876.


Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875. Front Page.

WITCHER AND GORDON, two members of the party which left Sioux City for the Black Hills in October last, have returned to that place for reinforcements and supplies. The story of their adventure, as related on their return, is as follows.

The expedition was composed of twenty-seven men and one lady and her son. There were six wagons. The party were well armed, and supplied with provisions and mining tools. The expedition left Sioux City October 6; struck the Niobrara about 120 miles above its mouth and followed that stream some distance, then struck across the country to a point east of the Black Hills, on the Cheyenne River. Met a party of 200 mounted Indians, and held peaceable parley with them. After reaching a pass at the foot of the Hills, they struck into the mountains, and, after picking their way, reached a point within two miles of Harney's Peak in fifteen days from the date of their entry into the Hills. They erected a stockade, eighty feet long, and built log cabins from the abundant timber. They found that cold weather greatly impeded their prospecting. They sunk twenty-five prospecting holes and struck gold in every instance, from grass to bed-rock. They found numerous gold and silver-bearing quartz lodes, and some specimens that Mr. Witcher has brought back are pronounced very rich. The party never saw an Indian while in the Hills. Witcher describes the parts of the Hills they saw as having magnificent valleys, seemingly limitless forests of pine, abundance of elk, deer, and other game. The greater portion of the return trip was made through snow drifts, over a trackless country, in most stormy and severe weather. They discovered in coming out of the Hills a good natural road that shortens the way out by thirteen days. Their animals lived on grass they found beneath the snow. Witcher says he can take loaded ox-teams into the Hills from Sioux City in thirty days. The members left in the Hills are in good health and spirits. There is no evidence of other parties being in the Hills. Nothing was heard or seen of the two disastrous army expeditions sent out to intercept them.


Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.


A Letter from a Former Resident of Winfield.

MINER'S CAMP, BLACK HILLS, Dacotah Territory.

MR. J. W. CURNS. Dear Sir: I am sitting in my cabin this night, and as a courier starts for Cheyenne on Monday, I thought I would write you a few lines and let you know what I am doing. A party of twenty-five men started from Sioux City on the 6th day of October, last, and reached this camp on the 23rd of December. We have built a camp and done some prospecting, which has proved very satisfactory. We find gold in every hole we dig, which reaches as high as fifteen cents to the pan. We have commenced to mine where we think it will pay. We started a rocker and run it about one hour and cleaned up two dollars in fine gold. But it is so cold that we cannot do much just now, but it bids fair now for a fine winter and spring. If we get as good diggings as we are satisfied we have, we will make at least ten dollars to the man per day.

I think this is one of the richest gold fields ever struck in this or any other country, as there is fine quartz cropping out all over, and not only gold but some of the finest silver ledges in the United States. About twenty miles north of here, the hills are covered with beautiful pine timber. In the fine valleys our oxen and horses have grazed right along ever since we got here on what they pick.

I will say to all those wishing to come to this Eldorado, that there will be one of our party in Sioux City, on or about the first of March, and expects to return immediately, but if there is a company it will be far the best route by way of Cheyenne, as there is no established route. Yet by taking a map you can see the direction as well as I can give. It would please this whole party to see your party in here by the first of April.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

Feb. 1st.

FRIEND CURNS: As the messenger did not get started to Cheyenne this morning, but will start in the morning, I will write you what we did today. We ran one rocker; one man rocked while one dug dirt for two hours and one half and got four dollars. We can get ten dollars if we can work all day. I should like to see some Cowley folks here by the first of April, so I will not have to leave here, as I think we can better pay large profits to those who wish to fetch goods here, than to go out and get them ourselves. Please tell all that wish to come to not wait, as the first will get the cream.

Anyone who will fetch a stock of goods here by the first of May will make at least five hundred percent, above all cost, and by the first of April he can double that amount. You can write or come to Sioux City and find when the messenger will return; but if you or anyone who wishes to will come to Cheyenne and come in with a mule train, it will be far the shortest route, as it is only 198 miles from Harney's peak, which is ten miles north of us. To reach us you must travel a northeast course, which will fetch you direct to our camp.

There are several who wished me to write to them, but you can show this to all who want to know the good news. I will close by asking you to answer this at Sioux City, Iowa, in care of Charles Collins, Times office, where all letters will be called for. But don't wait to write, but come right along and bring all the news.

If the editor of the COURIER will find room enough in his columns, he will do a great favor by publishing this letter.

Further information may be had by calling on J. W. Curns.

Good bye for the present. J. J. WILLIAMS.


Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.


The letter from J. J. Williams, which we publish in another column, has given the gold fever to several of our citizens. The writer is well known here, and his statements are relied upon. He left here last fall for the hills and in a post script to his letter promises to correspond regularly with Mr. Curns, as to affairs in that interesting locality. Mr. Williams has had considerable experience in Colorado as a miner and knows what he is talking about. The government and the Indians undoubtedly will make an attempt to keep the white man out of that country.


Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.


Vincent B. Beckett severed his connection with the COURIER and left for his Indiana home last Tuesday. He has been in our employ for nearly two years, and local editor for almost the same length of time. We enumerate but few of his virtues when we say that he is a good printer, a forcible writer, a kind and devoted friend, and the name of Vincent B. Beckett will yet be written high among those who have achieved distinction in his chosen profession. We part with him with regret.


Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

The bill dividing Howard Countymaking Elk and Chautauqua id finally become a law without the clause submitting it to a vote of the people.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

The Kansas Legislature adjourned last Monday. It had three or four dates of adjournment fixed before it finally died.


Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.


Unfortunately for the west, and particularly for those who were beneficiaries, the bill equalizing bounties failed to become a law.

The following seems to be a history of the bill.

It passed the House of Representatives by a very large vote the last week but one of the session. It was sent to the Senate only four or five days before the close of the session. On the 2nd day of March a vote on the bill was taken and it passed by a bare majority of one vote. Two important amendments were tacked onto the bill. It was returned to the House for concurrence to said amendments. The House refused to concur and appointed a committee of conference. The committee of conference reported to both houses a recommendation that the House concur in the Senate amendments. The House agreed to the report of the committee, while the Senate refused to adopt the report of the committee. This action at the time evidently was thought not to be fatal to the bill, for the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House each signed the enrolled bill and the clerks certified to its passage. It was presented to the president for his signature whereupon several senators who had opposed the bill informed him that the bill could not be said to have passed Congress, for the reason that the Senate had refused to concur in the report of the conference committee. Upon these representations the president refused to sign the bill and Congress had expired before the matter could be rectified.

This result is exceedingly to be regretted. The bill would have sent $50,000,000 into the western states principally. Cowley County would have received over twenty thousand dollars of the money. As the next Congress is largely democratic and contains so many ex- confederates, no one will venture to hope that the bill will ever be reenacted by that body.


Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

Legislative Work.

The legislature revised and materially modified the fees and salaries of all county and township officers. The allowances have been cut down from twenty to forty percent. Unquestionably this reduction was demanded by public sentiment, and the legislature in taking the action it did, has only obeyed the instructions of the people. It remains to be seen what effect it will have. Our judgment is that such a sweeping reduction will lead to bad results, and that there will soon be an imperative demand for an increase. Time will show.

The legislature also provided for submitting to the people amendments to the Constitution providing for biennial sessions. This is another change that has been urgently demanded by public sentiment, and we believe it is an excellent one. We have no doubt that the people will adopt the proposed amendments by an overwhelming majority.

The $95,000 relief bill failed to pass the senate and all other laws appropriating money directly for the benefit of the grasshopper sufferers, except the bill giving the state central relief committee $6,000 to pay freights, and that giving the state grange $5,000, for the same purpose, also failed.

The only relief laws on the statute books are:

1st. The law passed last fall at the special session.

2nd. The law under which counties can vote and issue relief bonds, passed at the present session.

3rd. The law under which townships can vote and issue relief bonds, passed this session.

The system of spring elections for township officers was abolished. All elections will be held, hereafter, in the fall, on the same day.

All bills changing judicial districts and reducing their number, failed. The salaries of the District Judges were, however, reduced from $2,500 to $2,000.

Atchison Champion.


Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.


Stone Calf and sixteen hundred warriors reached the Cheyenne Agency last Saturday, and surrendered themselves to the United States troops. With them were the two daughters of Mr. German, who, with his wife, one daughter, a son, and an infant child, were brutally murdered at Smoky Hill, Kansas, late in November. Their names are Eliza, aged 17, and Lizzie, aged 11, and they presented a terrible picture of misery and suffering when brought in. They were immediately taken to the Mission and cared for. From the time that the massacre was committed, the two unfortunate girls have been the mistresses of Stone Calf and Grey Beard. Eliza is now enceinte and in a half crazed condition. Both were dressed in the Indian costume. Eliza says she can identify the Indians participating in the murder of her family.


Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.


The copartnership heretofore existing under the firm name of Hitchcock & Boyle, is this day dissolved by mutual consent. The debts due the said firm may be paid to O. F. Boyle, and he is hereby authorized to collect the same. W. H. HITCHCOCK, O. F. BOYLE.

Winfield, Kas., Mar. 11th, 1875.


Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

Daylight is stretching.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

Butter is high and scarce.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

Capt. Hunt is making up a party for the Black Hills.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

The Walnut which has been very low for some time, is able to be up again.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

We had a pleasant call from Mr. W. A. Metcalf, of Cedar Township last Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

The grist mills at this place are not crowded with work as they were a few months ago.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

The bill providing money to pay the Cowley County militia finally became a law and they will get their cash in a few days.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

Since the ice has disappeared there has been less complaint about our sidewalks, that is to say, less are people are down on them.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

The Silver Creek Baptist church, from all accounts is certainly in a very thriving condition. Twenty-three persons were immersed last Sabbath, and altogether twenty-nine have been added to the church within the last few weeks. The church, organized by the Rev. Thomas, less than a year ago, now numbers ninety-six members.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

The past three months has had less than its usual number of marriages, and as a consequence the ministers have not made much in the line of wedding fees.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

Geo. D. Graves, agent for the old reliable Atchison Foundry Works, was in town last Tuesday. This shop, in which Capt. John Seaton is proprietor, is turning out all kinds of machine work and castings, such as steam engines, water wheels, flour mills, saw mills, iron store fronts, iron jails, vault work, shutters, kettles of all sizes very cheap, and everything usually made in a Foundry and Boiler Yard. Write to them for prices or information.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

We have heard it rumored for some time that towards spring, numbers of horses would be unfitted for work, on account of their not having had grain sufficient to keep them up. On last Monday while Mr. Shepherd was trying to back his wagon up to the sidewalk in front of Col. E. C. Manning's law office, one of his horses happened to fall, and was unable to gain his equilibrium until assisted by a half dozen or so men. It is evident that more aid corn is needed.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

There will be an entertainment given at the Courthouse tomorrow evening by the members of the Grammar School of this city. The proceeds will go towards the School Organ Fund. It is to be conducted by the scholars in the Grammar Department, no outsiders being in any way allowed to assist them in their exercises. This entertainment will doubtless disclose some of the heretofore hidden talent of the youth of our city. All should attend. Admission twenty-five cents.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

ENFIELD, ILL., Feb. 25, 1875.

DEAR BRO. We wrote you yesterday of the shipment of provisions from this point, for the relief of your district. There are twelve barrels and six boxes or about 2-1/2 tons. There are also five boxes for yourself, contributed by your own special friends. They are not designed for distribution. The weight of your boxes is about fourteen hundred, weighing in all about sixty-five hundred. We give approximate weights as you may wish to send teams for them. Enclosed please find money order on Winfield for ten dollars, the balance of money contributed after paying for boxes, domestic, etc.


Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

The goods spoken of in the above letter were received at this place on the 8th day of this month (March) for District 67, of Cedar Township. They consisted of seventeen boxes of meal, beans, and clothing. Four barrels of flour and two barrels of meal. These goods came through the county central relief committee at the trifling cost of $19.60. The district distributing committee were elected by the district and consist of the following named persons: Metcalf, Butler, and Ira Patten.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

The members of Adelphi Lodge No. 110, A. F. and A. M., are hereby notified that there will be a special communication of said Lodge Tuesday evening March 16, 1875, at half past seven o'clock sharp, at which time the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Kansas will be present. L. J. WEBB, W. M.

Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

Bill Conner, an Osage chief, was recently in Arkansas City. Pausing in front of the little meeting house for a moment, he went in and took his seat among the congregation. The preacher was discoursing on the text of the "sheep and the wolves," and had evidently been drawing a contrast between the two subjects. "We who assemble here from week to week and perform our duty are the sheep, now who are the wolves?" A pause, and our friend Conner rose to his feet: "Wa'al, stranger, rather than see the play stopped, I will be the wolves!" The preacher was vanquished.


Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

The Public Schools give an exhibition at the Courthouse Friday evening, the 12th of March, and the following is the programme.

Opening song: "Come join our Choral Number."

Salutatory: Miss Ella Manly.

Song: Primary School.

Essay: "The American Indian"Fred Hunt.

Violin Duet: Willie Leffingwell and Harold Mansfield.

Recitation: "Paul Revere's Ride"Miss Ella Freeland.

Song and Conversation: "The Bell kept Ringing for Sarah"Miss Mattie Minnihan.

Dialogue: "How they kept a Secret."Misses Laura and Ida McMillen, Nellie Powers, Eugenie Holmes, Jennie Hane, Maggie Dever, Mary Cochran and Harold Mansfield. . . .

Other participants:

Mattie Minnihan, Inez Griswold, Harvey Thomas, Eugenie Holmes, Cora Andrews, Jessie Millington, Lillie Ford, Nettie Quarles, I. E. Johnson, Raleigh Millspaugh, and Frank Howland.


Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

School Report of District No. 46.

The winter term of four months, closed one week ago last Friday (Feb. 26th). The following show the general attendance and other statistics: Number of pupils enrolled, 41. Average attendance, 21-1/2. Whole number of times pupils were tardy during the term, 217.

Some of the scholars were very irregular in their attendance, and others moved away. A few did very well.

I would call attention to the register for Miss Ella Kelly, who attended 76 days, was absent but one day after entering school, walked two miles part of the time, and for about two months did the house work for her three brothers. For a girl only twelve years of age, the above record shows a determined spirit, and good scholarship.

Second in number of days at school is Master George Newton, who walked one and one half miles, was absent but four days during the term, and is only eight years old.

Miss Mattie West was absent but five and one half days, and five of those on account of sickness.

Others of regular attendance were Misses Rose Rounds, Ella Rounds, Hettie Rounds, Mary Higbee, Connie Gay, Libbie West, Hattie Young, Mary Bates, and Nettie Handy.

Also, Masters Eddy Kelly, Ellsworth Whittaker, Harry Whittaker, and Allen Bates. (Glennie Moore, seventy-four days attendance.)

The school under the management of Ed. Millard, gave an exhibition on Saturday evening, March 6th, which was ably carried through, and I herein return my sincere thanks to the manager, Mr. Ed. Millard, and Messrs. McGuire, Creek, Morse, and Bates, together with the scholars in general, for taking the exhibition off my hands, and rendering it so successfully.

Miss Libbie West deserves special notice for so perfectly acting "Polly Evergreen." Misses Ella Kelly, Mattie West, Rose Rounds, and Sadie Davis also did very well.



Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

City Council Proceedings.

WINFIELD, February 15, 1875.

The Council met at the usual hour. Present: S. C. Smith, Mayor; H. S. Silver, S. Darrah, J. D. Cochran, R. B. Saffold, Councilmen; J. W. Curns, Clerk.

The minutes of the meeting of February 1st were read and approved.

Ordinance No. 47, in relation to animals running at large, and to repeal sections No. 2, 3, 4, and 5 of ordinance No. 4, was read and duly passed. The vote on the final passage of said ordinance was, yeas, Saffold, Silver, Darrah, and Cochran.

Johnston & Lockwood presented a bill of $3.25 for stationery, which was allowed.

The mayor recommended that the fine assessed against W. M. Boyer for violation of Ordinance No. 1 be remitted, on the grounds that the offense charged was not a violation of the spirit of said ordinance. On motion the fine was remitted.

W. M. Boyer appeared and remitted his fees in the case of the city of Winfield vs. A. H. Green, being $6.30.

The acting Police Judge, T. H. Suits, presented a fee bill of $19.95, for fees in case of the city of Winfield [next part of minutes torn out of paper. Only portions remained.]

E. C. Manning presented ___________ the fine assessed against him ____________ Ordinance No. 1, be remitted, which was granted.

Moved and carried that a committee of three be appointed to employ an attorney to attend to the suits pending in the District Court in which the city is a party, and that the committee be authorized to fix the compensation for such services. Messrs. Saffold, Darrah, and Cochran were appointed on said committee.

The committee on Cemetery reported that they had accepted the donation of Mr. L. E. Moore of a lot in Valley View Cemetery, and presented the deed for the same. On motion the committee was discharged.

It was moved and carried that a committee of three be appointed to wait upon the Winfield Cemetery committee in regard to any proposition they may make with reference to their Cemetery. Saffold, Cochran, and Darrah were appointed on said committee.

Being no other business before the council, on motion adjourned.

S. W. CURNS, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, March 11, 1875.

Flower and Vegetable Plants.

I shall have for sale, at my garden, early in the planting season, Flower, Tomato, Sweet-potato, and Cabbage plants of the earliest and best varieties, having constructed a large hot bed for the purpose of raising them in quantities.



Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

There is a rumor that the government will follow the plan suggested by Gen. Pope, and confine all Indians now held at different reservations as prisoners of war, on the Fort Leavenworth reservation.


Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.


The Story of the German Girls.

Taken From Their Own Lips.

The following story given to the reporter of the Kansas City Times, at Cheyenne Agency, by the German girls, is of shocking interest.

On the 19th of February, Stone Calf, a chief, came to Gen. Neil, at the Agency and informed him that the Cheyennes, eight hundred in number, wanted to surrender. They were three days away. He told the chief to bring them in, and sent an ambulance out after the white girls. As the ambulance was driving away from the Indian encampment with the rescued captives, the Indians rode alongside and threw forty-two splendid buffalo robes into the wagon as an atonement for the release of the girls. When they arrived at the Agency they were taken care of by Mrs. Miles, the agent's wife, in whose care they still remain and with whom they desire to stay.

Catharine, aged 17, the eldest, is not enceinte, as previously reported, but is in a very forlorn condition. She was not considered the slave of any one chief but was carnally known by nearly every demon in the tribe.

Sophia, aged 11, looked better and had not been subject to all the horrors of her older sister.

We now give Catharine German's story.

"In September, 1872, our family moved from Missouri to Elgin, Howard County, Kansas. In August, 1874, we started for Colorado. The family consisted of father and motherJohn German and Lydia GermanRebecca, aged 21; Stephen, 19; Johanna, 15; Catherine, 17; Sophia, 11; Julia, 7; and Nancy, 5. We had an ordinary covered wagon, some provisions, and an ox team. When we arrived at Smoky Hill River, about 14 miles south of the track of the Kansas Pacific, and within 30 miles of Ft. Wallace, we encamped and spent the night there, and on the morning of Friday, September 11, 1874, were up early and preparing to resume our journey.

"Just as the sun was rising, and while engaged in driving the cattle up the river bank towards the wagon, I heard shots and yells, and, running closer, saw my father fall, shot through the back by an Indian. I was terribly frightened, but I can never forget the spectacle that then ensued.


was a half mile away hunting up some stock, and he had a gun with him. As poor father fell, mother rushed towards him only to receive a shot from another Indian, who fired at her head, killing her almost instantly. My father was not killed at once, for he moved his arms about as he was scalped by one of the party. They also scalped my mother. An old squaw picked up our axe and stuck it in my father's head, leaving it fixed


During the time this was going on, one party rode after Stephen and shot and scalped him. My sister, Rebecca, made a brave defense with an axe. She knocked down one of the Indians and would have killed him if she had not been tomahawked from behind. While half insensible, and scarcely alive, the Indiansfive or six of themdespoiled her person, and after that they scalped her. Then they carried her near the wagon, tore off her clothes, piled them up over her with some other things from the wagon, and while she was still alive, set fire to the pile and


Here the broken-hearted girl broke down, and the reporter waited some time before she could proceed. Amidst sobs and tears and in broken utterances, she continued as follows, occasionally assisted by Sophia.

"After all were killed but we five sisters, they gathered around us to see which one should be put out of the way, as they said they could only take four along. One Indian, who seemed to be a chief, came up, and looking at Johannie and me, suddenly drew up his gun and shot sister's head off. I was so frightened that I could not stir for a long time. As soon as they got everything they wanted, they set the wagon on fire and killed the cattle; then made Sophia and I get on horses and tied us on, took our two little sisters up in front of them and started off as fast as the horses could go. We traveled all day, going due south, I should judge. One squaw tried to save Rebecca's life, but the Indian she hit with the axe said he would have her scalp, and so she was shot.

"After traveling two days we crossed a railroad track (probably A., T. & S. F.). The day after we got over the railroad,


with a small party left, and were gone until late in the afternoon. When they came up to us, they had three fresh scalps and a number of articles of wearing apparel that must have belonged to a man, woman, and small child; also had a lot of canned fruit and oysters. After keeping us riding nearly two weeks, the main camp near the Staked Plains was reached. Stone Calf had command, and when they brought us in, all the tribe turned out and had a great time. The same night they had a big scalp dance over the scalps of our family, and made us all look at it.

"Two days after the main body of Indians were reached. They took sisters


away from the camp and I have never see them since. Sophia saw them once, about December, but only for a few minutes. All of us were one day placed on horses, and after the Indian fashion, made to ride as fast as the horses could go, and the Indian who caught us had to take care of us for good.

"Soon after this the whole body started north to get out of the way of the troops which, it was reported, were close at hand. Stone Calf, with Sophia, was left behind with about 100 more, and the rest, under charge of Gray Beard, Eagle Head, Heaps of Birds, and Lean Bear, still kept on north.

"In about a week, while encamped on Wolf Creek, the soldiers again made the Indians run. I did not see them, but heard the guns. All of this time I was on horseback and a good deal of the time very sick; had to ride all the time, and at night was


and beaten, because I could not carry as much wood and water as some of the squaws. All this time I was under charge of Long Back. At times I was nearly frozen, having nothing but a blanket to keep warm with at night. Sometimes there would be a foot of snow on the ground, but they made me work just as hard. This was about December 1st. My feet were frozen, and the nails of my right foot all came off. In January I met sister Sophia for a short time, and she told me we were better to be killed."

The reporter asked Catharine if she thought they would kill her, and she answered, "No, I always thought the soldiers would release us some time, and told Sophia not to be afraid. In the latter part of January I received a letter from Gen. Neil, brought to the camp by a Kiowa scout, telling me to keep up good spirits and the soldiers would soon capture us.


was received soon after this, but the Indians would not let me open it. They used to let me look at it, but would not let me take it into my own hands.

"As soon as these letters were received, I felt ever so much better. From this time until Romeo met us, the Indians treated me much better. We had but little to eat. Horses and dogs were all the meat we had. When the Kiowas were in camp with the letter, they would not let me out of the lodge, for fear they would steal me and take me to Fort Sill.

"One squaw was at times very kind to me, but all the rest used to strike me every chance they had.

"They used to paint me every few days. About


I was sure the Indians were going to surrender, as Stone Calf and Eagle Head with their bands joined ours and all started north. I did not see Sophia all this time, but knew she was near me, as the squaw who had been good to me said, `Little sister with Stone Calf.' At last Medicine Water came to my lodge and told me I was to be given up. I asked him to let me see Sophia, and he answered, `Sister dead.' I did not believe him, and one day Stone Calf told me she was alive and well. About two weeks ago I saw a four-horse wagon coming toward our camp, and as soon as it was near enough, I started to run out and meet it. The Indians would not let me, but made me go into a tent. Soon Romeo, the driver of the ambulance, came to me and spoke to me in English. It was the first time I had heard it for months. He said I might go with him and he would take


"I got into the ambulance, and there for the first time in two months saw Sophia. We at once left the Indians behind, and in two days came in sight of the soldier's tents, where I saw Gen. Neil, Mrs. Miles, and all the rest who were so kind to me. I could not help crying. Mrs. Miles is as kind as a mother to us."

"Did they take all the clothes away from you at the time you were captured?"

"Yes; and only gave me an old blanket to keep warm with."

"Can you identify the Indians who made the attack on your family?"

"I have seen them fifty times since, and can tell them all."

"How many of them were there?"

"Seventeen men and two squaws."

"Have you seen the squaw that hit your father with an axe, since?"

"Only once."

"Was Medicine Water one of the party?"

"He seemed to be the leader."

"Did they scalp all the family after they were killed?"

"All except Johanna. She had been sick and her hair was very short."

"How was Sophia treated after she left you?"

"From what she tells me, she had a much easier time than I did. She was only whipped once or twice, and did not have to carry so much wood and water."

"Where will you go, now that you are rescued from the Indians?"

"I don't know yet," she replied. "I would prefer to remain here than to go back to Georgia. If I and Sophia can get a good school education here, I would rather stay here than go anywherethey are so good to me."


Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

To the Subordinate Granges of Cowley County.

We received a copy of Art. X of the new Grange Constitution too late for publication entire this week. We give below two sections of the Act. The executive member for the 3rd district says:

Subordinate Granges wishing to avail themselves of its benefit and assist in forming such District Grange, will please send delegates as per Sec. 1 and 2 to Winfield, Saturday, March 27th, at 10 o'clock a.m.


SEC. 1. County or District Granges may be established in this State not to exceed one to each county composed of such fourth degree members of Subordinate Granges as may be elected thereto, not to exceed three from each Grange at one time, and Masters and Past- Masters of Subordinate Granges and their wives who are Matrons.

SEC. 2. Each Subordinate Grange within the jurisdiction of a County or District Grange, shall be entitled to one delegate for every thirty members or fraction thereof equal to fifteen, to be elected by ballot annually at the last regular meeting in December. Provided; the first election of delegates may take place at any regular meeting, and provided further, that no Subordinate Grange shall send more than three delegates.


Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

The spring term of school begins Monday next.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

The Peru, Indiana, papers contain Rev. Parmelee's sermons in full.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

Scott, of the Traveler, thinks of going to Galveston with the Kansas editors.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

A new minister is to be here soon to take charge of the Congregational society.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

Mr. Wm. Bartlow proposes to start for the Black Hills with his steam saw mill about the first of April.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

Messrs. Jackson & Hill now keep on hand at their restaurant such luxuries as oranges and lemons.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

S. C. Smith gave the City Council an oyster supper at the St. Nicholas, on the eve of his departure for California.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

E. C. Manning says he has ten bushels of choice seed corn of a large and early variety for sale on terms to suit purchasers.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

The coal seekers are down fifty feet with their drill, on Mr. Parr's place, west of town. Two hundred feet or coal, is the watchword.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

The Commonwealth says: "The name of the relief agent in Cowley County is Platter. The people have about licked him clean."

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

The St. Louis Democrat contains an interview in which Gen. Sherman says, most emphatically, that the miners will be kept out of the Black Hills by the military.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

The New York Tribune says that those fruit trees which bloomed a second time last year will not be likely to bloom this season. A great many trees in this region cut that caper.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

Judge O. A. Basset, a high official in the Masonic order, was in town last Wednesday on a visit to the lodge of this place. He is distributing funds donated by the Grand Lodge to needy members.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

Wells, a noted scout in the employ of Gen. Neil, rode from Cheyenne Agency to Wichita and return, bearing important dispatches, a distance of 328 miles, in forty-eight hours, without changing horses recently.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

The Militia boys say that they found last fall, on the salt plains, great winrows of dead grasshoppers. They had starved to death or were killed by brine or alkali, and the wind has swept them up in piles.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

Vernon Township voted, last Monday, on the question of issuing two thousand dollars in township bonds to be used in purchasing seed and feed for spring planting. The bonds failed by four majority. The vote was light.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

Mayor S. C. Smith and M. W. Everleth have departed for California. In the removal of Mr. Smith from our town, Winfield loses a very useful citizen. Mr. Everleth was also a very good citizen, but not so active and prominent as his companion.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

The Chicago Inter-Ocean publishes the list of enterprising adventurers who, in defiance of the Indians, the military, and the threatening winter, pushed into the Black Hills last fall. The name of J. J. Williams, Winfield, Kansas, appears in the list.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

Mr. George Bull, who purchased the property of the Rev. J. B. Parmelee, arrived here with his son and daughter the other day, intending to settle permanently with us. Mr. Bull and family come highly recommended from Bloomington, Illinois, and we have no doubt but they will prove to be a valuable acquisition to our county.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

Sam Darrah, J. G. Titus, and Jake Keffer, the three hardy mariners who left Arkansas City a few weeks ago to test the navigability of the Arkansas River, returned home last Saturday. They report the navigation of the river impracticable for boats larger than the Great Eastern. The party floated down in a skiff as far as Fort Gibson, where they bought ponies to bring them back.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

Under the law passed in 1872, authorizing the county board to issue bonds to the amount of $15,000, the board has issued $9,300$7,000 of which was delivered to J. C. Horton of Lawrence, in payment of the judgment rendered against the county, and in favor of Geo. L. Thompson. The $5,400 in favor of M. L. Read, and $300 in favor of E. C. Haywood, await the signature of the chairman of the board.


Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

The Exhibition.

The exhibition given by the schools of this city last Friday night at the courthouse was a genuine success, reflecting credit alike on scholars and teachers. The exercises differed somewhat from the printed programme and we were unable to keep the "run of the play"; consequently, we can only speak of it in general terms. There was a paper, or rather a fling, read by I. E. Johnson about some of our citizens, including ourself, which we thought at the time we would notice at length, but will pass it for the present by simply saying that the spirit evinced by the perpetrators in seizing the occasion of a school exhibition, and innocent children, as instruments through which to vent their petty spites, is, to say the least, contemptible.

Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

The Public School Exhibition given at the courthouse last Friday evening was financially a success, as well as otherwise, as the following will show.

Total receipts: $35.50

Total expenditures: 8.00

Credit to Organ Fund: $27.50


Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

Quarterly Meeting.

The first Quarterly Meeting for Winfield charge will be held at Winfield, March the 20th and 21st. Preaching at 11 o'clock on Saturday by A. Buckner, P. E., and Quarterly Conference at 2 o'clock p.m. A full attendance of all the members of the Quarterly Conference and all others is desired. J. McQUISTON, Pastor.


Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.


At the residence of the bride's father, Oscar Miles, Esq., Feb. 22, 1875, by Rev. S. Woodruff, Mr. Thornton N. James, of Floral, Kansas, and Miss Sallie B. Miles.

They have the wishes of many friends to accompany them on their new journey and fortunes through life. Saline County, Missouri, Democrat.

Mr. James is an old resident of Cowley County, and we hope that he and his fair bride will make it their home.


Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

A bill has passed both branches of the Legislature to allow Cowley County to fund its indebtedness. We thought Cowley County funded its indebtedness only two years ago. Wilson County Citizen.

Two years ago a bill passed the legislature allowing Cowley to fund its indebtedness. No action was taken at that time under the bill. Capt. McDermott, who was the member at the time the bill was passed, was a candidate the next fall for the House. His action in passing said bill was used against him by the opposition and contributed largely to his defeat. Now, in the present month, the County Commissioners are funding the county's indebtedness under said bill, and propose to fund the remainder under the new bill. Altogether, our indebtedness amounts to about $30,000. This action of the Commissioners would seem a vindication of Capt. McDermott's course on the funding measure. Tardy justice.


Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

School ReportIntermediate Department.

The whole number of pupils enrolled during the term was 78. Of this number 18 were afterwards transferred to the Primary Department. The average attendance for the six months has been 52. For the second, third, and fourth months the average attendance was 60. At the close of the fourth month, a class of ten was sent to the Primary Department, which reduced the attendance for the past two months.

During the term there were eight scholars who were never absent, two who were never absent, but did not attend the first week of school, four who were absent only one day, three who were absent two days, and ten others who were absent from three to six days. Seventeen pupils were present every day of the first three months, and fourteen were present every day of the second three months. Several of the pupils last sent to the Primary Department were not absent while in this department. SARAH E. ALDRICH, Teacher.


Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

Traveler Items.

Amos Walton will apply for admission to the bar next week before Judge Campbell.

Dick Walker, the best sheriff Cowley County ever had, was in town yesterday.

Parties experimenting in the raising of tobacco can secure a valuable pamphlet on the subject by writing to J. F. Weber, St. Louis, Mo.

The county council of the Patrons of Husbandry will meet at Winfield Saturday, March 27, to elect officers and form a district grange.

At a meeting of the directors of the grange mills, M. S. Roseberry was elected president, L. Small, secretary, and M. R. Leonard, treasurer. It was decided to begin work June 1st, or as soon as the $5,000 in stock was taken in.


Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

A Petition.

To the Honorable Board of County Commissioners of Cowley County.

We, the undersigned citizens of Cedar Township, being legal voters, ask your honorable body to appoint Mr. F. M. Osborn Township Trustee in and for this township, and we will ever, etc., this March 3, 1875.

Thomas Bowles Peter Quigley

John W. Belles John Haughney

G. W. Burroughs Wm. Gallagher

Hamilton Gerard Hugh Gallagher

John Frazee D. C. Swank

John Hanhan Wm. Morgan

J. P. Gregg J. W. Blair

James Baker F. P. Myers

W. H. Phillips J. W. Tedlie

Alec. Moses Zenis Condid

C. E. Victory John Gallagher

S. J. McCamey James Phillips

James A. Patton D. M. Patton

S. G. Butler Ennis Patton

L. T. Wells Wm. Callahan

Sanford Day Daniel Belles

The above petition will be presented to the Board of County Commissioners of this county at their next regular session. There is an address petition in the field, the rival candidates being our two J. P.'s. QUID NUNC.


Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

District Court Docket.

The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the March term, A. D., 1875, of the District Court of Cowley County, to be holden on and from the 22nd day, and have been placed on the Trial Docket in the following order.


State of Kansas versus

Thomas T. Rucker.

Elmer Kinne.

Elmer Kinne.

Elmer Kinne.

Willoughby Nugent.

Will. M. Allison.

Charles Snow.

L. Lippmann.

Charles W. Saunders.

Henry Mowry.

A. D. Lee.

Jas. A. Brake.

J. W. Shidler.

Jasper Hartsock.


No. 164. Zimri Stubbs, vs. Samuel Jay, et al.

No. 168. John C. Smith, vs. Samuel P. Berryman.

No. 209. Clifton M. Wood, vs. John W. Millspaugh.

No. 273. James Headley, vs. Brainard Goff.

No. 335. Emerson & Co., vs. Nelson C. Clark.

No. 347. Earnest Wadcock, vs. Christian Kemry.

No. 353. A. Sumner, vs. John R. Davis.

No. 357. Ottman & King, vs. Thos. H. Crone.

No. 371. John Swain, vs. Seymour Tarrant.

No. 380. Robert B. Finney, vs. Alexander Dixon, et al.

No. 381. Able D. Bent, vs. Alonzo F. Tryon.

No. 392. E. S. Babcock, Jr., vs. Sylvanus Pehlan, et al.

No. 393. Soranus S. Brettun, vs. Edward Fredrick, et al.

No. 394. Mark Phillips, vs. Hannah Phillips.

No. 412. J. C. Musgrove, vs. Laban L. Williams.

No. 413. Allen Carlson, vs. Charles A. Bliss.

No. 416. E. B. Wheitzell, vs. Em. Chase.


No. 417. Farrar, Houghton, et al, vs. Martin Hammond.

No. 418. Wheeler & Wilson, vs. John R. Davis.

No. 421. Margaret Somers, vs. Patrick Somers.

No. 430. John A. Himebaugh, vs. Amos E. Mahaney, et al.

No. 437. Edwin C. Manning, vs. Will. M. Allison.

No. 440. Wm. D. Fredrick, vs. John Jones.

No. 444. Arthur Graham, vs. Ludolphus Holcomb.

No. 445. J. C. Musgrove, vs. James O. Vanorsdall, et al.

No. 446. Ephraim Simpson, vs. George W. Gardenhire.

No. 448. A. V. Polk, vs. R. L. Walker, et al.

No. 452. Lewis C. Strales, vs. Andrew Jackson.

No. 454. Alfred H. Caywood, vs. Sarah Whiteneck.

No. 455. R. L. Walker, vs. David Huston.

No. 456. R. L. Walker, vs. Mary M. Huston.


No. 464. John B. Lauffer, vs. W. J. Keffer, et al.

No. 465. Diantha T. Thompson, vs. David Thompson.

No. 466. Francis R. Titus, vs. Daniel T. Titus.

No. 467. George Warner, vs. James Jordan.

No. 469. Wyland J. Keffer, vs. Albert A. Newman, et al.

No. 470. Samuel A. Wier, vs. John S. Sprague, et al.

No. 471. Edward J. Hoyt, vs. John Eskin, et al.

No. 472. Nichols, Shepherd & Co., vs. A. D. Lee.

No. 473. Valney Beard, vs. Chas. J. Weeley.

No. 474. S. M. Kline, vs. Benj. G. Sones, et al.

No. 475. M. Brettun, vs. Frank Akers.

No. 476. Emily J. Houston, vs. H. Thompson, et al.

No. 477. John F. Graham, vs. Geo. Black, et al.

No. 478. John Brooks, vs. E. B. Kager.


No. 480. J. C. Musgrove, vs. Frank Manny.

No. 481. Wyland J. Keffer, vs. Henry C. Mowry, et al.

No. 482. S. C. Smith, vs. Ed. C. Fisk.

No. 483. M. Brettun, vs. Henry Schanghuise.

No. 484. Able D. Bent, vs. S. B. Stone.

No. 485. Benj. G. Jones, et al, vs. A. T. Shenneman.

No. 486. John Beers, vs. R. J. Johnson.

No. 487. Aaron J. Arnett, vs. Udocia Arnett.

No. 488. J. C. Fuller, vs. S. B. Stewart, et al.

No. 489. Sarah Callahan, vs. Thos. Callahan.

No. 490. Frances Black, vs. Edward Patton.

No. 491. Nathan Hughes, vs. Board of County Commissioners.

No. 492. Frances Black, vs. Jesse Stuller.

No. 494. L. I. Pryor, vs. Geo. W. Ballou

No. 495. L. I. Pryor, vs. Geo. W. Ballou.

No. 496. Amy G. Smith, vs. Chas. M. Kellogg, et al.

No. 497. S. C. Smith, vs. J. C. Weathers.

No. 498. Arthur Graham, vs. A. H. Caywood, et al.

No. 499. Hitchcock & Boyle, vs. William Greenlee, et al.

No. 500. Francis Black vs. J. C. Weathers, et al.

No. 501. John C. Hays vs. E. P. Kinne.

No. 502. City of Winfield, vs. A. H. Green.

No. 503. John W. Micklam vs. Thos. H. Turner.


No. 504. Morgan R. Leonard vs. County Commissioners.

No. 505. State of Kansas vs. E. P. Kinney, et al.

No. 506. J. C. Fuller vs. A. H. Caywood.

No. 507. Francis Black vs. Lucinda Bryant, et al.

No. 508. D. B. McCollum vs. J. R. Smith.

No. 509. R. T. Jordan vs. A. D. Lee, et al.

No. 512. Jonathan Newman vs. L. J. Webb.

No. 513. R. B. Wait vs. E. B. Kager.

No. 514. S. D. Pryor vs. E. B. Kager.

No. 515. S. B. Sherman vs. B. H. Clover.

No. 517. David Thompson vs. E. B. Kager, et al.

No. 518. Samuel Hoyt vs. E. B. Kager, et al.

No. 519. City of Winfield vs. Frank Lutz.

No. 520. City of Winfield vs. Frank Lutz.

E. S. BEDILION, Clerk, District Court.


Winfield Courier, March 18, 1875.

[Published March 18th, 1875.]

Ordinance No. 48.

An Ordinance providing for the holding of an Annual Election for City Officers.

Be it Ordained by the Mayor and Councilmen of the City of Winfield.

Sec. 1. That the place for voting for city officers, at the annual election to be held in the city of Winfield, on the 5th day of April, A. D., 1875, for the ensuing year, shall be held in the building situated on lot No. 12, in block No. 109, in the said city, being the property of C. A. Bliss & Co.

Sec. 2. This Ordinance shall take effect and be in force from and after its publication in the Winfield COURIER.

Approved March 15, 1875. S. C. SMITH, Mayor.

J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.


Ordinance Number 49.

An Ordinance repealing Ordinances No. 36 and 39, providing for taxing different kinds of business for the city of Winfield.

Be it Ordained by the Mayor and Council of the City of Winfield.

Sec. 1. That Ordinances No. 36 and 39 is hereby repealed.

Sec. 2. This Ordinance shall take effect and be in force from and after the first day of May, A. D., 1875, and its publication once in the Winfield COURIER.

Approved March 15, 1875.

S. C. SMITH, Mayor.

J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875. Front Page.

The Secretary of War has addressed a communication to General Sherman, saying that all expeditions into that portion of the Indian Territory known as the Black Hills country must be prevented as long as the present treaty exists. Efforts are now being made for the extinguishment of the Indian title, and all proper means will be used to accomplish this. If, however, the steps which are to be taken towards the opening of this country to settlers are not successful, those persons at present within that territory without authority must be expelled.


Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875. Front Page.

The Secretary of War has addressed a letter to the Secretary of the Interior conveying the President's instructions regarding the disposition to be made of the recently captured Cheyenne Indians. The ringleaders and such as have been guilty of crimes are to be sent to military posts, and will not be accompanied by their families. The remainder of the captured Indians, with the exception of the two chiefs guilty of outraging the German girls, are to be turned over to the Indian Department, at their respective agencies. The two chiefs are to be held in confinement in such place as the Commanding General of the Military Division of the Missouri may direct.


The captured Indians are to be placed on the military reservation at Fort Leavenworth. The plan is a good one as they can be fed at less cost, and will be surrounded by all the elements of civilization, such as whiskey, Leavenworth, and Missouri. Wichita Beacon.


Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

A writer in the Wichita Beacon predicts a flood this spring and warns those living along the Arkansas bottom to look out.


Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

City Council Proceedings.

March 1, 1875.

Council met at the usual hour. Present: S. C. Smith, Mayor; R. B. Saffold, J. P. McMillen, H. S. Silver, Councilmen; J. W. Curns, Clerk.

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved.

M. Miller presented a bill of $6.00 for one padlock.

A. T. Swigart presented a bill of $40.00 for services as Marshal for the month ending February 24, 1875, which were referred to the finance committee, who reported favorably thereon, and said bill was allowed.

On motion the finance committee was instructed to examine the Police Judge's docket and ascertain whether the fines collected have been paid over to the city treasurer.

On motion adjourned. J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

R. B. Waite, Esq., planted corn yesterday.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

It has been decided to have no state fair next fall.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

Prayers for the recent Legislature cost the State $300.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

An increased cattle trade is anticipated this year.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

R. C. Story, of Lazette, Amos Walton, of Arkansas City, and W. M. Boyer, of Winfield were this week admitted to the bar.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

J. J. Barrett paid our office a visit yesterday and renewed his subscription to the COURIER. He has just returned from Miami County, where he has been spending the winter.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

Mr. S. A. Weir, formerly, of this place, but now of Columbus, Cherokee County, is in town attending court. Mr. Weir has many friends here who are pleased to see him on our streets again.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

Captain James McDermott sent a few days ago a request to Senator Ingalls to have sixty or thereabouts packages of seeds sent to him for distribution at Dexter. In response the Senator sent one hundred packages of vegetable seeds to the Captain.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

Mr. A. B. Odell returned last week from a visit to his former home in Indiana. He informs us that times are good where he has been, and he certainly gives evidence of good living. Mr. Odell returns, however, with more confidence than ever in the future of Kansas and especially of Cowley County.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

The Valley House has again changed hands. Mr. Robert Hudson, the proprietor, this time taking charge. Mr. Hudson has completely renovated the house from top to bottom, and as he is an experienced hand at the hotel business, the Valley House will no doubt be one of the most popular hotels in the city.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

We have received No. 1, Vol. 1, of the Osage City Free Press, published at Osage City by J. P. Campbell, brother of Judge Campbell, of this district.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

The District Court is in full blast, Hon. W. P. Campbell presiding. The following attorneys are in attendance: Webb & Millington, Hackney & McDonald, E. C. Manning, J. B. Fairbank, Pryor & Kager, T. H. Suits, John E. Allen, A. H. Green, Alexander & Saffold, T. H. Johnson, M. S. Adams of Wichita, C. R. Mitchell and L. B. Kellogg of Arkansas City, James McDermott of Dexter, and A. J. Pyburn, County Attorney.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

Now that the winter is over, our relief committees are receiving large lots of government clothing. It is expected that the overcoats and blankets will continue to come in until the 4th of July, at least.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

We were pleased to make the acquaintance of Mr. J. B. Callison, of Dexter, who called at the COURIER office last Tuesday. Mr. Callison was for thirty years a resident of LaFayette County, Missouri. Being a staunch Union man, he suffered much during the war from Guerillas and Bushwhackers. He entertained us for an hour with thrilling reminiscences of the war in Missouri. The COURIER is always pleased to make the acquaintance of such men.

Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

School Exhibition.

In the notice of the School Exhibition of the 12th, in the Plow and Anvil, last week, the best exercise of the evening was unintentionally omitted. A list of the exercises was given them too late for the correction of any omission. In reading the report, I was very sorry to find this, so I take this occasion to correct. I refer to the recitation of "The Polish Boy," by Miss Jessie Millington. Every one present pronounced it superior, and it certainly should receive proper notice and deserved commendation. Miss Jessie worked earnestly to make good preparation for this exercise and I think her success in rendering it so true to the spirit of the composition was ample reward. W. C. R.


Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

ELDORADO, KAN., Mar. 19, 1875.

ED. COURIER. Dear Sir: On the 9th of August, 1870, I printed and sent to your county 1,500 personal property statements (Assessors blanks) on the order of your county clerk. I sent down the bill with the blanks ($17.50). I have repeatedly made out my bill, sworn to it, and sent it to your county clerk, but your commissioners have never allowed the bill. Last year I sent the account to L. J. Webb, and asked him to see to it for me. He wrote back to me that it was outlawed, and that the commissioners refused to pay it.

I wish to ask your people a question or two through your columns:

In the first place, I printed the blanks in good faith for your county before you had a printing office to do it for you in your own county.

I have made no fuss about the bill, believing your commissioners would pay it.

I write to ask some gentleman in the county to appear before the commissioners at their next meeting and ask them if they will pay it, and inform me through your columns what they say.

The bill is just and right, and ought to be paid. I cannot afford to lose it.

My bill, $17.50, with interest at ten percent for four and a half years, will be $26.85.

The question arises, does your county pay its honest debts, or does it take advantage of the statute of limitations, and stand its creditors off from time to eternity? Will Mr. Kelly, Col. Manning, D. A. Millington, Mr. Webb, or some other gentleman present my claim to the commissioners? Yours for Justice. T. B. MURDOCK.

The bill mentioned in the above letter ought to have been paid long ago. Surely our county has no intention of pleading the statutes of limitations, the baby act, or anything else to avoid paying its honest debts. It strikes us that the bill is a reasonable one, at least, for those early days, and our county, instead of taking advantage of the lapse of time, ought to be thankful to Mr. Murdock for his leniency. Cowley County can't afford to defraud her creditors in such a way.


Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

Cedar Township Items.

Sanford Day, Esq., has 20 acres of oats sown.

A majority of our farmers have their corn land ready for planting, but the seedask of the grasshopper that with fragments strewed our fields.

All that have early potatoes have planted.

Onion setts are in good demand.

Our cattle are doing fine.

Despite the hard times and scarcity of grub, D. W. Willey is the fattest man in the township.

A destructive fire raged up Beaver Monday night last. It came up out of the Nation and licked up Ira Patten's hay on short notice.

The lucky ones wear Uncle Sam's clothes around, much to the chagrin of the unlucky ones.

There was a ludicrous scene at Squire Day's when the government clothing came on. A man who had gone bootless and shoeless every night this winter, went down to get himself shod. There was nothing larger than a number 12; it was no go, a number 12 wasn't anywhere to his feet. Somebody out of sympathy suggested that he try on the box, and he did so, but it was too low in the instep. He has our heartfelt sympathy. CHOW CHOW.


Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

Disposition of cases in the District Court up to Wednesday night.

State of Kansas Versus

Thomas T. Rucker, continued.

Elmer Kinne, continued.

Elmer Kinne, continued.

Elmer Kinne, continued.

Willoughby Nugent, continued.

Charles Snow, dismissed.

L. Lippmann, acquitted.

A. D. Lee, dismissed at cost of plaintiff.

Jas. A. Brake, dismissed at cost of plaintiff.

Jasper Hartsock, dismissed.

209. Clifton M. Wood, vs. John W. Millspaugh; continued.

273. James Headley, vs. Brainard Goff, judgment for plaintiff.

357. Ottman & King, vs. Thos H. Crone; judgment for plaintiff.

381. Able D. Bent, vs. Alonzo F. Tryon, continued.

394. Mark Phillips, vs. Hannah Phillips, dismissed.

412. J. C. Musgrove, vs. Laban L. Williams, judgment for plaintiff.

417. Farrar, Houghton, et al, vs. Martin Hammond, judgment for plaintiff.

421. Margaret Somers, vs. Patrick Somers, dismissed.

430. John A. Himebaugh, vs. Amos E. Mahaney, et al, continued.

444. Arthur Graham, vs. Ludolphus Holcomb, dismissed.

445. J. C. Musgrove, vs. James O. Vanorsdall, et al, judgment for plaintiff.

465. Diantha T. Thompson, vs. David Thompson, dismissed at plaintiff's cost.

475. M. Brettun, vs. Frank Akers, judgment for plaintiff.

477. John F. Graham, vs. Geo. Black, et al, judgment for plaintiff.

480. J. C. Musgrove, vs. Frank Manny, judgment for plaintiff.

482. S. C. Smith, vs. Ed. C. Fisk; judgment for plaintiff.

484. Able D. Bent, vs. S. B. Stone, judgment for plaintiff.

488. J. C. Fuller, vs. S. B. Stewart, et al, judgment for plaintiff.

490. Frances Black, vs. Edward Patton, continued.

492. Frances Black, vs. Jesse Stuller, judgment for plaintiff.

496. Amy G. Smith, vs. Chas M. Kellogg, et al, judgment for plaintiff.

497. S. C. Smith, vs. J. C. Weathers, judgment for plaintiff.

499. Hitchcock & Boyle, vs. William Greenlee, et al, judgment for plaintiff.

500. Francis Black vs. J. C. Weathers, et al., judgment for plaintiff.

503. John W. Micklam vs. Thos. H. Turner, judgment for plaintiff.

505. State of Kansas vs. E. P. Kinne, et al, judgment for plaintiff.

506. J. C. Fuller vs. A. H. Caywood, judgment for plaintiff.

507. Francis Black vs. Lucinda Bryant, et al, judgment for plaintiff.


Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.


There will be a meeting of the stockholders of the Winfield Cemetery Association on Wednesday, March 31, 1875, at W. H. H. Maris' store. All persons owning a lot in the Winfield Cemetery are stockholders, and entitled to vote at the meeting. A full attendance is requested. The following is a list of the said stockholders.


John Lowrey, C. A. Bliss, Mrs. Clara Flint, Robert Hudson, W. L. Fortner, W. H. Dunn, Mallard, Dr. D. N. Egbert, J. H. Land, W. M. Boyer, A. Menor, S. J. Swanson, Mrs. Eliza Davis, M. L. Read. S. C. Smith, Kenton, Marshall, Henry Martin, W. H. H. Maris, Mrs. K. Maris, E. Maris, J. Newman, L. J. Webb, J. W. Smiley, George W. Brown, John Rhoads, H. H. Lacy, L. T. Michner, George Gray, N. H. Holmes, John Mentch, M. Steward, J. J. Barrett, J. W. Johnson, J. Evans, Cutting, W. G. Graham, S. W. Greer, Dr. W. Q. Mansfield, J. D. Cochran, C. C. Stephens, W. H. South, J. C. Weathers, Mrs. Joseph Foos, G. S. Manser, Mrs. Southworth, A. A. Jackson, J. F. Graham, Mrs. H. McMasters, S. H. Myton, S. H. Darrah, M. L. Robinson, D. H. Rodocker, R. H. Tucker, James Kelly, W. Dibble, D. F. Best, Z. T. Swigart, R. Rogers.


Winfield Courier, March 25, 1875.

NEW SALEM, Cowley Co., Kan.

The school in district No. 39 closes on Saturday, March 27. Examination will commence on Friday, at 9 o'clock a.m, according to the following programme.


Devotional exercises, primary reading, history, recess, primary arithmetic, B class arithmetic, primary spelling, Singing, primary readings, Grammar, penmanship, A class Geography, Calisthenics and miscellaneous exercises, spelling, music, and adjournment for Friday.

Devotional exercises, reading, B class Geography, first lessons in Arithmetic, recess, A class Arithmetic, spelling, music, class drill in music on Saturday.

The remainder of Saturday afternoon will be occupied by the pupils with select reading, declamations, music, essays, dialogues, and reading the paper.

We extend a cordial invitation to all, especially the patrons of the school.

IDA E. DAGGETT, Teacher.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 1, 1875.

C. M. Scott of the Arkansas City Traveler will attend the Kansas Editorial Association at Manhattan, on the 7th inst., and will also join the excursion to Galveston. We wish C. M. a pleasant trip and hope he may enjoy himself to his heart's content.


Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.

An attempt was made the other night to rob the relief store.

Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.

We understand that the Grangers of this county have so far failed to organize a County Grange.

Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.

Owing to an accident to Mr. A. H. Hane of this office, we are unable to give our readers full rations this week.

Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.

C. C. Harris, Esq., one of the cleverest and best boys that ever left old Georgia, has returned after a winter sojourn at his old home.

Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.

Several people from Arkansas City were in town last Saturday. Among the number we noticed H. O. Meigs, S. P. Channell, Mr. Haywood, and E. P. Kinne, Esq.

Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.

We understand that Mr. Geo. W. Ballou, of Grouse Creek, had a yoke of oxen burned up in a prairie fire one day last week, and several more head barely escaped.

Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.

A Good Templars Lodge was organized here last Monday night, with 42 Charter members. We trust that this organization may prove a blessing to our town and the county at large.

Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.

MARRIED. In another column will be found the marriage notice of Will. M. Allison to Miss Annie Braidwood. Did we have the time we might write ecstatically on the subject; but as we have not, the "happy pair" must be content with our best wishes for their future happiness and prosperity.


ALLISON - BRAIDWOOD. At the residence of Charles Black, Esq., Winfield, March 31st, 1875, by Rev. N. L. Rigby, Mr. W. M. Allison and Miss Annie Braidwood.


Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.




Winfield takes a Blaze.

Last Sunday night, about 12 o'clock, the Bradish House, one of the largest hotels in this city, was discovered to be on fire. The proprietor, Mrs. C. M. Bradish, made the discovery just as the fiend was getting well under way and immediately gave the alarm. Soon the deep tones of the Courthouse bell conveyed the fearful tidings to the entire city. Men and women, standing not on the order of their going, but with a garment stuck on here and there, rushed to the scene. Every effort was put forth to subdue the flames, but without avail, and the bystanders turned their attention to the protection of the nearest buildings.

Fortunately the night was calm, with what little wind there was blowing from exactly the right quarter. It seemed, indeed, that this, our first misfortune, had been largely mixed with mercy. For it is conceded by all that had the wind blown from any other quarter, or had it been as strong as usual, at least half of the city would have been now in ashes.

Several incidents connected with the fire we think worth relating. Mr. S. H. Myton, who roomed there, on hearing the alarm, hastily dressed himself by sticking but one leg in his pantaloons, drew one suspender between his legs and the other over his shoulder. Thus arrayed he mounted gallantly on the roof, and, with water supplied him by Mr. B. F. Baldwin, succeeded for a time in keeping the fire at bay. But, alas, his victory was of short duration. Just as he had received a fresh bucket of water, he missed his footing and tumbled head over heals to the ground. Curiously enough Mr. Myton sustained but little injury from his perilous fall.

Another: the next morning Mr. Isaac L. Comfort, who boarded there but slept in another part of the town, started as usual for his breakfast, entirely ignorant of the destruction of the house, and did not discover it until he had reached the ashes. His feelings can be better imagined than described.

Several of the boarders sustained more or less loss by the burning of clothes, trunks, etc. Mrs. Bradish succeeded in saving considerable furniture. The house and furniture, we understand, is mostly covered by insurance.

Thus have we received our baptism of fire.


Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.

And now, by the powers of Saint Patrick, Winfield is threatened with a scandal, the full particulars of which have been offered to us for publication. If all that is claimed for this pretty little affair be true, it knocks the spots off the Beecher-"tiltin'" or Pendery-Hensley- Mrs. McNulty scandal. While we are willing to give the names of the parties, when the proper time comes, never so long as we control the COURIER will it publish the disgusting details.

Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.

Many of our readers will remember the old man with his one "hoss" wagon with the wheels of the vehicle made of log ends, who used to sell furs and buffalo meat on our streets. It will also be remembered by some that he was found on the plains, last winter a year ago, killed and scalped by the Indians. Well, the old man is killed again! A gentleman writing to the Wichita Eagle says he found his body fifteen miles west of Bluff City, in Harper County, with his wagon, bedding, cooking utensils, etc. We are afraid the old man is gone this time sure.


Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.

Dogs vs. Sheep.

Mr. John Stalter, of Rock Township, is one of the most estimable citizens of this county, and is doing very much for the good of the county in the way of stock growing. He has about nine hundred sheep, of the Merino breed, and is earnestly striving to establish the fact that sheep may as well be raised and kept here as elsewhere. He should have the assistance of every man in the county in this undertaking, especially his neighbors. We are sorry to learn that some of the latter have taken so much fancy in growing sheep-killing dogs as Mr. Stalter has in sheep raising. Mr. Stalter has lost several valuable sheep by the depredations of the dogs and, we are informed, quite a number have been seriously injured. At this time of year when the ewes are raising their young, it is essentially necessary that they should not be harassed by dogs. Some of Mr. Stalter's neighbors have lost a dog or two and are making an attack on Mr. Stalter therefor. We say to them that if they want to raise dogs, it is their business, but it is also their business to keep them at home and they should do so. We also say to Mr. Stalter that he is justified in shooting all dogs he finds chasing or otherwise interfering with his sheep, if it results in depopulating Cowley County of the canine race.


Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.

A Horrible Accident.

W. K. Davis, Esq., a worthy citizen of our county, living some twelve or thirteen miles from this place, met with a shocking accident last Saturday. It seems that the prairie fire had been burning for some time in his neighborhood, but Mr. Davis, being well prepared with "fire-breaks," felt little, if any, uneasiness so far as his premises were concerned. But the wind blowing in the direction of his house blew a spark from the fire, which lodged in his stable door, some seventy-five feet distant. The stable being constructed of hay and dry as a powder-flask, ignited in an instant, and was just getting under headway when discovered. Mr. Davis, seeing the stable doomed, ran to liberate a pair of mules which were at that moment in the stable, and succeeded in cutting one of them loose. When he approached the other, however, it kicked him in the breast and head, knocking him down. The poor man, notwithstanding his injuries, was still sensible enough to see his peril, crawled out through the scorching flames, which by this time had assumed fearful proportions. Mr. Davis reached the open air with his life only. His eyes, ears, nose, hands, and feet were burned to a crisp. And even should he recover, it will be at the expense of the above members. The mule which he failed to liberate perished in the flames, together with harness, plows, and other farming implements, hay, etc., as well as a crib of seventy-five or one hundred bushels of corn. Mr. Davis is now lying in a very critical condition with but little hope of his recovery.


Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.


DIED. At her residence in West Virginia, March 12th, 1875, Miss Addie D. Young, of cancer, aged 46 years.

At a meeting of Center Grange, No. 157, Tisdale, Cowley County, Kansas, March 27th, the following preamble and resolutions were passed.

WHEREAS, Our Great and All-wise Creator has taken from among us our much esteemed sister and called her to a higher life, be it therefore

Resolved, That in her death our Grange has lost a faithful and efficient member.

Resolved, That we feel to deeply sympathize with the relations in this bereavement and commend them to the care of Him who doeth all things well, who also can sustain them in this great affliction.

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent for publication to the county papers.

Committee: Mrs. R. M. FOUGHTY, Mrs. E. C. HEDGES, Mrs. J. A. GAY.


Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.


Cowley CountyM. G. Troup, Clerk.

HORSE. Taken up by Joseph Bertach, of Beaver Township, one horse, 15 hands high, color between bay and roan, 6 years old, saddle marks, branded U D on left shoulder, valued at $25.

ALSO: One horse 14 hands high, color bay, star in forehead, white nose, white hind feet, 8 or 9 years old, no brands, value $15.


Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.



Is the most popular House in Winfield.

The best accommodation for Commercial Travelers.

Stages arrive and depart daily.

Just north of the Lagonda House, Winfield, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, April 1, 1875.

Publication Notice.


In the District Court of the 13th Judicial District, in and for Cowley County, State of Kansas.

Frank Gallotti, Plaintiff, vs. Orrin P. Houghton, Administrator of the estate of Lucien W. Emerson, late of Cowley County, Kansas, and the unknown heirs of said Lucien W. Emerson, Defendants.

Recap: Unknown heirs must answer on or before May 15, 1875, etc. Otherwise, property will be conveyed to plaintiff. Lots 10 and 20 in block 12, lot 8 in block 34, lot 24 in block 64, lot 7 in block 31, and lots 17 and 18 in block 155 in Arkansas City.

E. S. BEDILION, Clerk Dist. Court.

Pryor & Kager, Plaintiff's Attorneys.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, April 8, 1875. Front Page.

Information has been received by the Government that on the 26th ult., a band of armed Mexicans robbed and burned the Post-office at Nueces, Texas, and also robbed and took prisoner a mail-carrier. The Mexicans came within seven miles of Corpus Christi, robbed several stores and houses, and took a large number of American prisoners, among them Judge Gilpin, formerly a member of the Legislature, and two women. They compelled the captives to walk in front of them till they were exhausted, then mounted them on bare-back horses and hurried them off. It is further stated that these Mexican bands are continually raiding through the country bordering on the Rio Grande, robbing, murdering, and driving stock across the river; that they have become so daring of late that nearly all travel on the highways has ceased, and even stock men are deterred from hunting their cattle and horses, for fear of falling into the hands of these ruffians.

A Washington dispatch of the 28th says that instructions will immediately be issued, through the War Department, to the General commanding in Texas, to take such measures as may be possible to deal summarily with these Mexican raiders. Those best conversant with affairs apprehend that a general border war will ensue, in which event the invasion of Mexico by our armed citizens in pursuit of robbers is not among the improbabilities.


Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

H. B. Lacy, Esq., has left the city and gone somewhere.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

Armstrong Menor and son have gone to the Black Hills.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

S. W. Phoenix, Esq., of Richland, is in attendance at court as a juror.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

The city election was rather a peaceful affair: only two knockdowns the entire day.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

Col. Manning is making some extensive improvements this spring, both in town and on his farm near town.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

DIED. Mr. W. K. Davis, who was so terribly burned lately, an account of which we published last week, died yesterday.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

From our exchanges we would gather that more people have burned up in prairie fires this spring than ever before.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

Col. J. C. McMullen hires the bad boys of Arkansas City to go to church and Sunday school by giving them, each, a new suit of clothes.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

Mr. James Stewart, who has been wintering at his old Pennsylvania home, returned last week, ready for another hand with grasshoppers and chinch bugs.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

Max Shoeb has cut another door in his stone shop, and now he can come out on the street when the gentle zephyr blows from the south, without having to go round the hog pen.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

Mr. Clarkson, late superintendent of insurance, has been in town a few days as special agent of the company in which the Bradish House was insured, looking after the interests of the company.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

C. M. Scott, of the Traveler, struts around Arkansas City now with the scalp of a Cheyenne chief dangling to his belt. It was not taken by C. M., but was given to him by an Osage admirer, who has taken eleven in his time.

C. M. Scott passed through town Tuesday morning on his way to Manhattan to meet his brother quill drivers.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

I. W. Randall, whose marriage notice will be found elsewhere, bounded into our office yesterday to tell us of his good fortune. We wished him lots of happiness and sich, and Irv. went away satisfied that he had the best wife in the world.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.


RANDALL - WARD. At the residence of the bride's father, near Winfield, on Sunday, April 4, 1875, by Rev. N. L. Rigby, Mr. Irvin W. Randall and Miss Virulia E. Ward.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

Prof. T. A. Wilkinson, who has been east soliciting aid, reached home last Sunday evening. He succeeded in getting two carloads of provisions, which he sent to Winfield for general distribution. The Prof. looks as if he has at least been well cared for while away.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

From the Sacramento, California, papers we see that our friend, Ed. Johnson, is the patentee of a Quartz mill, which is spoken highly of by the gold miners. Mr. Johnson has associated with a gentleman by the name of Cowles, under the firm name of Cowles & Johnson. We hope Ed. will yet make a fortune.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

Prof. Allan B. Lemmon, who has been for the past year principal of the Independence, Montgomery County, schools, returned last week to his farm east of town. Everybody is glad to meet Prof. Lemmon and we only hope he will stay with us now and quit his fooling around being principal of schools.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

We neglected last week to notice the return of Mr. Frank Cox, ex-chairman of the board of County Commissioners, from a winter's visit among friends in Illinois. Those who have received aid have occasion to thank Mr. Cox for a good deal that came from Fulton County, Illinois, to Cowley County. We are glad to see Frank back once more.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

At the city election held here last Monday, the following city officers were elected.

Mayor: D. A. Millington.

Police Judge: W. M. Boyer.

Councilmen: Charles C. Black, James M. Dever, Jonathan Newman, N. H. Powers, and M. G. Troup.

The contest was very close, there being a tie for Mayor, which was decided by lot for Millington.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

It has often been quite a mystery to us where all the old clothes went to in this county, as we had no rag or paper mills to use them up. But the mystery was solved the other day when Kingsbury cleaned out the public well, and now the query with us is where all the old clothes came from. Somebody must have a particular spite at the well or else they like rag soap, for it seems to me now that all the rags, old hats, boots, and shoes that had ever been worn in the county were taken out of that well.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

Some score or so of the young folks of the city, in full mask, gathered at the residence of Captain John Lowrey last Thursday night to have a good time. We are not sufficiently versed in this business to know who or what the masqueraders intended to represent. So perhaps the less said in that direction the better. However, there were noticeably three young ladies observed that we cannot pass without special mention. Their plump, well rounded figures and elegant bearing were the envy alike of the other ladies and the admiration of the men. So much so that a collision seemed imminent at any time between the young men as to which would secure their company for the evening. One, the tallest of the lovely trio, was dressedwellwith a dress, and so were the others. These three perambulated up and down the Captain's elegant parlors, very queens of grace until the time to unmask. Off came the head gear, when, lo and behold, there stood O. F. Boyle, Frank Gallotti, and Jimmy Simpson, and the three graces had fled forever, to the infinite disgust of the admiring young men.


Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

Mr. Parmelee Retained.

"The ruling officers of the Presbyterian church have done themselves honor and secured the approbation of the entire congregation by contracting for the services of Rev. J. B. Parmelee as pastor for another year.

"When the announcement was made last Sunday morning there was almost a universal murmur of applause in the audience. The preacher, thus encouraged and supported, delivered one of the finest and best sermons we have heard in a long time. His theme was personal freedom, religious liberty, and evidently much labor had been bestowed upon the preparation of the discourse. The closest attention was given to the speaker, who was unable to speak with his accustomed force and animation, owing to the painful condition of his throat. He was just recovering from a severe attack of quinsy.

"Mr. Parmelee is a classical scholar, a pungent thinker, a close student, a terse and smooth writer, a pleasant speaker, and a genial, companiable gentleman, whose knowledge of the world and the world's people, and liberal religious education and belief give him a power of influence not possessed by those corseted preachers who are bound by the iron-clad creeds of a former age. We congratulate the church and the community, on securing the continued residence of such a man."

The above, concerning the Rev. J. B. Parmelee, we take from the Peru, Indiana, Republican, which shows the estimation in which Mr. Parmelee is held by his new charge.

The people of this community sustained a serious loss, one which will be very hard to repair, and the good people of Peru are fortunate in securing the services of so able a minister and so good a man.


Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

To Township Trustees.

WINFIELD, April 6, 1875.

I have at my office for distribution garden seeds donated by John Kern, seed man of St. Louis. Please call and get your township's quota. M. G. TROUP, County Clerk.


Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

Items From the Traveler.

In several reports we have seen Cowley County credited with thirty-five carloads of provisions. We have not received one-third of that amount.

Prof. Kellogg goes to Emporia this week.

DIED. Capt. Nipp's child, a boy two years old, died of pneumonia last Saturday.

CITY OFFICERS. The following city officers were elected on Monday, April 5th.

For Mayor: S. P. Channell.

Councilmen: H. Godehard, E. D. Bowen, J. H. Sherburne, Dr. Shephard, and I. H. Bonsall.

Police Judge: T. McIntire.

GOES TO CHURCH. Col. McMullen made a proposition to Henry Endicott, that if he would attend church regularly once every Sabbath, he would give him a new suit of clothes. Henry accepted, and has a new suit, and attends church. We know of several others who would like to make a similar bargain.

STOLEN. A horse belonging to old Mr. Houser was taken from his stable several days ago.

DIED. On Tuesday morning, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. H. Endicott, aged nine months.

BIRTH. A. D. Keith and wife were made happy last Wednesday afternoon by the arrival of a young daughter.

BIDS FOR BREAKING. Agent Spray wants bids on 600 acres of breaking, to be done this spring at the Kaw Agency.

The back numbers of the News with John Rankin's biography are all exhausted.

Emporia News.

So is the Subject.

SCALP. We are the recipient of a scalp lock of a Cheyenne Indian, taken and presented to us by an Osage brave, who has killed his eleven.


Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

List of Marriage Licenses issued during the month of March, 1875.

Phillip Stout and Mary Parr.

Nathan E. Carter and Mary Akers.

James E. Lindley and Effie E. Wells.

David A. Byers and Hettie Boyd.

James H. Wagoner and Elizabeth Parsons.

John S. Loder and Malinda J. Bonaman.

Frederick Arnold and Mary Tibbets.

Irvin W. Randall and Virulia E. Ward.

W. M. Allison and Annie Braidwood.

O. W. Loucks and Mary Finch.


Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

MONEY TO LOAN on mortgage security at reduced rates, by C. C. Harris, at Winfield Bank.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

KNOBBY SUITS just received from Chicago, at Requa's Clothing House.

Winfield Courier, April 8, 1875.

OSAGE ORANGE seed at 30 cts. per pound or 10 pounds for $2.50, at Brotherton & Jackson's.


Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.

Among those who departed for Manhattan day before yesterday was Capt. John H. Folks, who a few hours before "train time," was married to Miss Francis A. Norton, of this city, who, consequently, accompanied him on his trip as Mrs. John H. Folks. Honors have crowded thick upon Folks. At sunrise, on Wednesday, he was simply secretary of the senate; a few hours later he was promoted to be a married man, and yesterday he was elected secretary of the Kansas Editorial Association." Everybody who knows them, overflows with good wishes for Capt. Folks, Mrs. Folks, and their folks. Commonwealth.

Captain, we cannot do the subject justice, and can only wish yourself and bride a happy and prosperous voyage through life. You deserve it.


Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.


From the Indian Territory.

From the Leavenworth Times we clip the following startling dispatch.

A dispatch received in the city yesterday afternoon imparts the startling information that the Cheyenne Indians at the Cheyenne Agency have succeeded in whipping the cavalry posted there and, as a consequence, the men have been withdrawn from that part of the country, leaving it to the mercy of the savages. The troops made three charges, and were each time repulsed with great slaughter. The number of killed among the savages is not reported. They were murdering and robbing at last accounts, with no one to check them in their bloody career. Advices from the different frontier forts state that the troops stationed there are ready at any time to receive marching orders, and at Fort Leavenworth active preparations are being made for the protection of the settlers on the Southern Kansas frontier. More trouble is expected with the red devils, and life in their vicinity is not safe. Bayonets are the only things worth using in a controversy with them.


Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.

The new City Council organized last Monday night.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.

Col. Manning is in Topeka, attending the U. S. District court as a Grand Juror.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.

BIRTH. Born to Mr. and Mrs. Charles C. Black, April the 14th, 1875, an 8 lb. daughtertheir first born child.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.

The Rev. Mr. Buckner, presiding elder of this district, served with distinction during the war as colonel of the 79th Ohio Vol., In. Now we know that he is a good presiding Elder.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.

By the new law the tax on tobacco has been increased four cents per pound, cigars one dollar a thousand, whiskey twenty cents per gallon. Down with a government which will thus persist in enhancing the cost of the necessaries of life.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.

From the Atchison Champion we learn that Prof. H. B. Norton has accepted a position in the State Normal school of California and will leave Kansas some time in June next. We will be very sorry to lose Prof. Norton from among the educators and good men of our state.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.

Sheriff Walker has gone to Leavenworth with the darkey who was convicted of stealing, at the recent term of our district court. He was also accompanied by Mr. C. P. Spalding, of Tisdale, who is wanted for something or other by the U. S. court now in session at Topeka.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.

Township Trustees have a very important duty to perform this spring. Besides listing property, they are required to take the census also, and we believe the law to be, that unless the census part of the job is performed, they receive no pay for any of it. So, Gentlemen Trustees, you want to look a "leedle oud."

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.

There is at least one man in Kansas who does not intend to leave it. That man is Mr. Joseph Requa. Mr. Requa, last week, bought and paid a handsome sum for a piece of timber, where he intends to make one of the finest corrals in the country. This week he bought a quarter section adjoining the other, for which he paid the snug sum of $1,209. Would that we had more men who would invest their surplus in real estate instead of loaning it at cut- throat interest.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.

In the case of the State of Kansas vs. Sridler, for forgery, the jury failed to agree on a verdict. County Attorney Pyburn entered a nolle prosequi and the defendant went free. In the conduct of the suit for the defense, L. J. Webb, Esq., added new laurels to his already good reputation as a lawyer. His argument on the close was perhaps one of the best ever made to a jury in Cowley County, eliciting the highest encomiums from everyone present, and Sridler may thank his stars that L. J. Webb was his attorney.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.

DIED. Mrs. Mary Baldwin, an estimable lady and an old resident, died at Yankee Point on Thursday, of consumption. Danville (Illinois) Commercial.

The above named is the mother of our own highly esteemed townsman, B. F. Baldwin, of the firm of Maris & Baldwin, druggists. It is a sad thing to lose friends, but doubly so, to mourn the loss of a kind and loving mother. Mr. Baldwin has the sincere sympathy of his many friends, in this, his sad bereavement.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.

Mrs. Callahan brought suit against Thomas Callahan for divorce, on the ground of habitual drunkenness and extreme cruelty. During the progress of the trial, one witness, being asked the question as to whether he had seen the defendant drunk, said, "Well now, I don't know what you call drunk," and turning to the court continued, "I would like to have the Judge tell me what drunkenness is. Will your honor just explain to me how a man feels when he's drunk?" Judge Campbell had to join in the general roar that followed.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.


There will be a Teachers' examination held at Winfield, on Friday and Saturday, April 30th and May 1st, 1875. This will be the only examination given until fall. All teachers wishing to teach in Cowley County the coming summer will bear this in mind and be present.

By order of the examining board.

T. A. WILKINSON, County Superintendent.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.

Card of Thanks.

The young folks who met at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss on Friday evening last unite in tendering their sincere thanks to the host and hostess for the cordial and hospitable manner in which they were received. After they had all arrived a series of games and plays were introduced which made the time pass pleasantly, and amid laughter and social converse, the happy evening glided into eternity, leaving nought but pleasant remembrances of the happy occasion on the minds of the assembled guests.

Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.

We have for sometime taken quite an interest in the welfare of our friend, A. Walton, of Arkansas City; and when last summer, he abandoned the real estate business and crossed the river to engage in the manly art of tilling the soil, we confess that we had some misgivings as to the result. But when we learned that he had actually broken three quarters of an acre of soil in two and a half weeks, it gave us some confidence in our friend's ability to wrestle with the problem of agriculture. But again, when he abandoned the farm and resumed the practice of the law, and was actually admitted to the bar, then did flee all the hope we had. Will he abandon his pet theories? Will he leave the farmers to grope in the dark without his teachings and example to guide them? But no; Amos don't intend, although he has abandoned the farm and gone to practice law, that the farmer shall do without his profound knowledge of agriculture, or rather broommolassesculture.

In last week's Traveler, Amos wrote an article in which he says that the raising of broome is profitable, and that "molasses is another plant as easily raised." That is "something for farmers to think about," says Amos. We should think so, for broome and molasses are certainly good things to have in a family, and if they are as easily raised as he says they are, it is certainly worth thinking about. We hope Amos will continue to give us his views on this interesting subject.


Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.


TISDALE, April 12th, 1875.

Tisdale has been making a general move this spring.

The Napier house standing west of town has been moved to the east part of town.

Rev. Koons has moved his dwelling a half mile north of town. The Well's house, and the old stage stable, now used as a wagon shop, have changed their location.

The old printing office, which caused so much trouble in the town company for some time, and also a lawsuit between Allison, of the Telegram, and C. P. Spalding, was put on trucks to be moved out of town, but true to its litigating principle, refused to move. As the teams made a move to start, the building began to crack and fell to pieces on the ground.

G. W. Foughty moved into town this spring, but the place was not large enough to hold him. The boys got up a subscription of a large amount to build him a law office, which was not to occupy more than a square, but even that could not entice him to remain.


Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.


SILVER CREEK, March 28th, 1875.

DEAR COURIER: Perhaps you would like to hear from this part of God's footstool once more. Well, in the first place there has been a terrible shaking of dry bones among the inhabitants of the southwest corner of this township. Elder Thomas has been among them, and many of them have been convinced of the error of their ways, and have been led like lambs to the foldfrom the gray haired brethren down to the tottering infant, a goodly number have been led to the brink of Wilson's spring, and there plunged beneath its waves to wash their sins away. But now we are stuck. We wish old friend Solomon was here to help us out. You know he said he had been young, but was now old, yet he had never seen the righteous forsaken nor his seed begging bread. Now Solomon, how is this? Even our deacon and all of the others of Elder Thomas' flock not only beg their bread but their beans and clothing. Every Saturday they wend their steps to the residence of A. P. Brooksrelief headquarterswith pipes in their mouths which would be a load for the jaws of a hyena, while the good old man of the house mildly reminds them that the fumes of tobacco are offensivewhile at the same time his wife chews.

Verily old things have passed away and all things have become new. M. A. M.


Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.


FINCH - LOUCKS. At the residence of the bride's father, one half mile east of Winfield, on the evening of the 7th of April, 1875, by the Rev. J. McQuiston, Mr. O. W. Loucks to Miss Mary Finch. All of Cowley County, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.

[Published April 15th, 1875.]

Ordinance No. 50.

An Ordinance prescribing the time of holding the regular meetings of the City Council.

Be it Ordained by the Mayor and Councilmen of the City of Winfield.

SEC. 1. All regular meetings of the City Council, of the city of Winfield, shall hereafter be held on the first and third Mondays of each month, commencing at 7 o'clock, p.m.

SEC. 2. This Ordinance shall take effect and be in force from and after its publication in the Winfield COURIER.

Approved April 12, A. D., 1875. D. A. MILLINGTON, Mayor.

Attest: J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, April 15, 1875.

City Council Proceedings.

The City Council met at the office of Curns & Manser, April 12th, 1875, at 7-1/2 o'clock, in pursuance of a call. Present: D. A. Millington, Mayor; Jonathan Newman, James M. Dever, M. G. Troup, Chas. C. Black, Councilmen; J. W. Curns, City Clerk.

The call was read as follows:

STATE OF KANSAS, County of Cowley, City of Winfield,

To D. A. Millington, Mayor of the City of Winfield, greeting:

The undersigned members of the Council of said city would respectfully request that you call a special meeting of the Council of said city to be held on Monday, the 12th day of April, 1875, at 7-1/2 o'clock, p.m., at the office of Curns & Manser, in said city, for the object and purpose of prescribing, by Ordinance, the times for holding the regular meetings of the Council of said city.





In pursuance of the above request, I hereby call a meeting of the Council of the said city of Winfield, to be held at the time and place, and for the object and purpose in said request specified.


Mayor of the City of Winfield.

Ordinance No. 50, fixing the times of holding the regular meetings of the Council was read, and on motion adopted by section as read.

The vote on the final passage of said Ordinance resulted as follows: YeasChas. G. Black, Jonathan Newman, James M. Dever, M. G. Trouptotal 4. Naysnone.

On motion Council adjourned. J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.


Sixteen Soldiers WoundedTwo Fatally.

Five Indians Killed.

News up from Cheyenne Agency last Thursday brought reliable intelligence of the escape of the Cheyenne prisoners, three hundred in number, arrested and held as hostages for the murder of a part of the German family, and the torture and outrages perpetrated upon the German girls, reserved for a worse fate than the tomahawk.

Our information comes from an eye witness of the affair and does not differ from Gen. Neil's report, except in the number of Indians killed, which Gen. Neil puts at three instead of five, probably owing to a mistake on the part of the operator, who mistook a figure five for a figure three.

The outbreak occurred at 2 o'clock p.m., Tuesday, April 6th, and upon the very afternoon the thirty Indian prisoners in irons, en route from Sill to Wichita, were due at the agency. The previous day the Indian prisoners had all been searched for arms and nothing was found except a few old guns. These were taken by the guard, it being a precautionary measure against trouble during the next day's ironing process. The object failed, as the very next afternoon, upon the outbreak, nearly every Indian had side arms and plenty of ammunition.

The first Indian it was attempted to put irons upon demonstrated this fact, and brought into requisition upon the soldiers, a mere handful, opposing three hundred blood-thirsty savages, overwhelming in numbers, well armed for the attack.

A young Cheyenne warrior, noted for his dash and mischief-creating proclivities, was selected out from the rest, the irons got ready, and while the party detailed for this work were approaching to perform their duty, the young Indian broke and ran from the stockade, and was immediately fired upon and killed by the guard.

This was the signal for a general fight. The savages massed upon the few soldiers, but were held in check until company M, sixth cavalry, was brought upon the scene when the Indians fell back and ran to the Sand hills, about a quarter of a mile away. Here the soldiers came upon them and found to their astonishment that rifle pits had been made, and that every Indian took from the sand a gun of the best pattern, and all the ammunition they needed for a protracted fight.

The Indians held the rifle pits, wounding sixteen soldiers, four mortally, while five Indians were killed and left on the field. How many were wounded cannot be told as they carried the wounded with them.

The fight lasted from 2 o'clock till 10 o'clock p.m. During the night the entire body of Indians, barring the dead ones, escaped under cover of the Sand hills, and the next morning a company of cavalry was sent in pursuit, since which time neither have been heard of, except by unfounded rumor from Larned, that nearly three hundred Cheyennes had passed that post late Thursday night, going north.

There is still something strange in the fact that the thirty prisoners due from Fort Sill, in charge of two companies of cavalry and one of infantry, have not yet arrived at Cheyenne, for this point, thence to Leavenworth, though due last Friday. That the rise was preconcerted and the arms concealed by others of the tribe, there is no room for doubt. That it was the intent, after self-liberation, to rescue the Indian prisoners due that afternoon, as a part of the general plan, is alike apparent.

What action will be taken by the government remains to be seen. That the Indians have been petted until they are spoiled is a fact patent to every white man on the frontier. Many whites have, under the present misleading policy, been made to pay for their confidence in government and Indian promises with the forfeit of their lives. Hundreds of innocent women and children have been brutally murdered without mercy, because of too much mercy. Wichita Eagle.

Skipped County Commissioners' Proceedings in April 22, 1875, issue. Very long! Very hard to read. Total amount of bills claimed: $4,051.64. Total amount of bills allowed: $3,349.03. Also skipped numerous road notices in this issue.


Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.


Materialized Spirit Caught.

For about a year past there have been spiritual meetings held by Major F. Strout, formerly from Gridley, Illinois, at the houses of Esq. Butterfield and a Mr. Adams, living on Grouse Creek, near Silver Dale, and claimed to have very strange and mysterious demonstrations in the way of "Materialized Spirits," appearing in life-like form, and conversing with friends on earth. A number of persons in that vicinity have frequently been invited. Fifteen attended their meetings and conversed and joined hands with the materialized forms of their departed friends, and for those who could believe all they saw, it was a grand entertainment, and made lasting impressions on their minds by being honored by the returning spirits of departed friends.

But there were some in the neighborhood who were slow to believe all they saw; consequently, it was talked up by a few to put it to the testto prove it to be a fraud or true.

So on the night of the 14th inst., there were quite a number invited to attend a meeting at Esq. Butterfield's, among whom were Messrs. Lippmann, Blendin and brother, Allison and lady, Harlow, Hilton, Dornall, and myself, and several others besides their own circle. We went prepared with lamp and plenty of matches, and with an understanding that when the signal was given that we make a rush.

When the medium, Mr. Strout, was put under control of the spirits, there was considerable discussion as to the propriety of so large an audience, as it was feared they would not be able to produce satisfactory result; but at length all were admitted, and seated by Esq. Butterfield, who gave a brief lecture as to how we should conform to certain rules and laws during the exercise, in order that satisfactory results might be produced.

Then it was voted that I should witness the tying of the medium in an adjoining room, with a curtain hung over the door. After he was securely tied in his seat by Mr. Butterfield, the curtain dropped, and the music commenced. In about three minutes something com- menced poking at the curtain and calling through a French harp to lower the lights, which was in the main room in rear of the audience, and also doubly curtained. At first the spirits seemed very shy, but as one and another scene seemed to produce the desired effect, and was undisturbed, they became more bold, and showed some wonderful scenes, provided the same were Heavenly spirits and the medium still bound in his seat.

But that was the question we wished to solve. So at about the usual time, the controlling spirit called for a quick step by the musicians, and there would be an Indian spirit in material form come forward and dance the war dance, which was done to the satisfaction of the audience, he coming forth dancing and waving his war club, letting the curtain drop behind him, and coming out in the main room among the audience.

At this moment the signal was given and there was a grand charge for the spirit, which did not vanish into the ethereal regions, but fought manfully with his club and pulled hair. There was hurrying to and fro, upsetting seats, lighting matches and lamps, women screaming, and cries of don't kill the medium, etc. When the room was sufficiently lighted, I saw some of the boys kindly caressing the stranger from the happy hunting ground, but it turned out to be the materialized form of Major F. Strout, instead of the Indian dancer. On the opposite side of the room, I saw another person lopping against the wall. It was Butterfield and it seemed as though some fellow was feeling his coat collar.

If there were any spirits or angels hovering around there that night to behold the exposure of the fraud, I am quite sure they turned away in disgust when they heard the benediction pronounced on the head of Strout by those who had grasped his clammy hand instead of (as they supposed) a father, mother, sister, or brother, who had long before departed. In the closet overhead was found left open a board in the ceiling, that slipped in its place very readily, and there is where he kept his spiritual trimmings. J. G. TITUS.

April 20th, 1875.


Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

Emigrants arrive daily.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

Croquet fever is raging now.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

Spelling matches are very popular.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

Judge Saffold is now alone in the law business. He can be found at his old stand.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

Johnny Reed is painting the numbers on the boxes in the post office and is doing a good job.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

Several parties in this city, confident that they will "strike it rich," will start for the Black Hills shortly.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

W. P. Hackney left for San Francisco yesterday, in search of a new location. His family will remain here until fall.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

We suggest to the new council that the funds and labor of residents of this city be applied on the streets instead of outside of the district.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

The soldiers at Cheyenne Agency, Indian Territory, had a little "misunderstanding" with the Cheyenne prisoners confined at that post, on the 6th inst.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

We are out of an editor this week, owing to the fact that he is fixing up the post office. He has 263 new boxes; 27 are lock boxes.

Rice and Swain made the boxes and did the work in the post office. They are good workmen, as is shown by the appearance of things downstairs.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

The prospects are that the "noble red men" will make it "red hot" for frontier settlers this season. Several depredations have already been committed.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

Councilmen Newman and Powers are confined to their beds with sickness. We learn that Mr. Powers is improving, but that Mr. Newman is quite low. We hope to see both about soon.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

Our new city dads mean business. They have provided by ordinance a time for holding their regular meetings, and by another they prescribe the duties of the various officers of the city, and the Police Judge, Clerk, Marshal, and Treasurer will have to give bonds. `Tis well.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

It will be seen by the council proceedings that our worthy banker, J. C. Fuller, is now a resident of this city, owing, probably to the fact that the council did not have a stranger whom they could "take in," and being anxious to take somebody, took Fuller. They might have done worse.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

Just as we go press we learn that the decision of Judge Campbell, in the town site case, has been affirmed by the Supreme Court. As the cases were passed upon nearly two years ago, and the matter probably has been forgotten by all outside of this city, we will say for their information that the decision is in favor of the town company.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

The Union Sunday School will meet hereafter at 9-1/2 o'clock a.m., at the Baptist church. Friends of the school will please note the change of time, and be present at the opening of the school, which will be promptly at the second ringing of the bell. All who feel an interest in the prosperity of the school are requested to be present next Sunday morning.

By order of the teachers.

Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

The following is a list of the officers elected at the meeting of the District Grange, on Saturday the 17th inst.

Bro. Williams. W. M.; Bro. White, Overseer; Bro. Vanorsdal, Steward; Bro. Parker, Asst. Steward; Bro. Sparks, Chaplain; Bro. Graham, Treasurer; Bro. Walton, Secretary; Bro. Menich, Gate Keeper; Sister Hundy, Ceres; Sister Gay, Pomona; Sister Waite, Flora; Sister White, Lady Asst. Steward; Bro. T. A. Wilkinson, Business Agent.


Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

Bar Meeting.

At a meeting of the Cowley County Bar held at the office of J. E. Allen, in the city of Winfield, April 26th, 1875, Judge R. B. Saffold was called to the chair and J. E. Allen appointed Secretary. The following were appointed a committee on resolutions: L. J. Webb, A. J. Pyburn, Amos Walton, and W. M. Boyer, who reported the following resolutions, which were unanimously adopted.

WHEREAS, The Hon. W. P. Hackney is about to remove from our midst, therefore be it Resolved, That we, the members of the bar of Cowley County, do most sincerely regret the loss we sustain in his removal.

Resolved, That in Mr. Hackney we recognize a true lawyer, and one who graces the profession to which he belongs.

Resolved, That we recommend him as one in whom the people wherever he may locate may repose implicit confidence, not only as a lawyer, but as a citizen and neighbor.

Resolved, That the Secretary furnish a copy of these resolutions to Mr. Hackney, and a copy to each of the county papers for publication. R. B. SAFFOLD, Chairman.

J. B. ALLEN, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

Council Proceedings.

April 19th, 1875.

The Council met at Curns & Manser's office at the usual hour. Present: D. A. Millington, Mayor; M. G. Troup, C. C. Black, James M. Dever, Councilmen.

The minutes of the called meeting of April 12th were read and approved. M. G. Troup was placed in nomination and duly elected as president of the Council for the ensuing year.

It was moved and carried that the Mayor be empowered to appoint a finance committee for the ensuing year. M. G. Troup, C. C. Black, and James M. Dever were appointed as said finance committee.

It was moved and seconded that the council agree to pay four dollars per month for the use of the upper room of the building situate on lot 6, in block 102, from this date until April 1st, 1876, to be used as a council room. Motion carried.

The following bills were presented and referred to the finance committee and reported favorably thereon and allowed.

Bill of J. M. Reed, clerk of election: $2.00

Bill of John Austin, removing dead dogs: $.50

An ordinance to provide for the appointment of a Clerk, Treasurer, Marshal, and City Attorney for the city of Winfield, and defining the duties and pay of the same, and providing for bonds of city officers was presented and read. On motion said ordinance was referred to a committee of the whole.

J. C. Fuller filed his consent and petition as the occupying resident owner of out lots No. 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14, in said city, and of the territory adjacent thereto on the east, and outside of the city, to have added from said adjacent territory to the city so much land as will make said out lots 150 feet wide east and west, and make the eastern limit of said city 150 feet east of the east line of Andrews street, in said city.

An ordinance in relation to extending the city limits on the east was presented and read. On motion said ordinance was duly adopted by sections. The vote on the final passage of said ordinance was as follows:

YeasM. G. Troup, C. C. Black, James M. Dever. Naysnone.

On motion the ordinance in relation to liquor license and the subject of general license was referred to a committee of the whole.

On motion adjourned to meet Monday, April 26th, 1875, at 7-1/2 o'clock p.m.

J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

[Published April 22d, 1875.]

Ordinance No. 51.

In relation to extending the city limits on the east.

Be it Ordained by the Mayor and Councilmen of the City of Winfield.

SECTION 1. That so much of the territory in the east 1/2 of the northeast 1/4 of section 23, in township 32, south of range 4 east, adjacent to the eastern limit of this city, and out lots No. 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14, as will make said out lots 150 feet wide east and west, be added to this city, and to the said out lots, and that the eastern limit shall be a line parallel to, and 150 feet east of the east line of Andrews street, in this city.

SECTION 2. This ordinance shall take effect, and be in force, from and after its publica- tion once in the Winfield COURIER.

Approved April 19th, 1875. D. A. MILLINGTON, Mayor.

J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, April 22, 1875.

Township Assessors.

WINFIELD, KAN., April 21, 1875.

The township assessors met pursuant to previous notice, to agree upon a basis of valuation of property. The house being called to order, W. A. Freeman was chosen Chairman and W. M. Berkey, Secretary.

The following reported their names.

W. A. Freeman, Beaver Township.

John Layton, Bolton Township.

W. H. Gilliard, Omnia Township.

R. S. Strother, Harvey Township.

A. P. Brooks, Silver Creek Township.

Geo. Melville, Pleasant Valley Township.

J. M. Harcourt, Rock Creek Township.

J. W. Miller, Richland Township.

D. V. Killion, Maple Township.

Leonard Stout, Nenescah Township.

J. R. Smith, Sheridan Township.

Philip Hedges, Tisdale Township.

E. D. Skinner, Vernon Township.

H. C. McDermott, Dexter Township.

H. C. Silvers, Winfield Township.

W. M. Berkey, Creswell Township.

Moved that land be valued at $1.25, $2, $2,50, $3, $4, $5, $6, $8, and $10.00 per acre. Motion carried.

Moved that the trustees of Winfield and Creswell townships be allowed to use their discretion in valuing lands within two miles of Winfield and Arkansas City. Carried.

Moved that horses be valued at $10, $20, $30, $40, $50, and $75 each. Carried.

Moved that stallions be valued at one hundred dollars and upwards. Carried.

Moved that work cattle be valued at $30 to $60 per yoke. Carried.

Moved that one year old neat cattle be valued at three to five dollars. Two year olds five to eight dollars. Three years old eight to fifteen dollars. Cows ten to twenty-five dollars. Beef cattle twenty to thirty-five dollars. Carried.

Moved to deduct twenty percent for Texas stock. Carried.

Moved that mules be valued at $15, $25, $35, $45, $60, $70, and $100. each. Carried.

Moved that jacks be valued at $100.00 and upwards. Carried.

Moved that sheep be valued at one, two, and three dollars. Carried.

Moved that hogs be valued at fifty cents to ten dollars. Carried.

Moved that farming implements be left to the discretion of the assessor. Carried.

Moved that wagons be valued at from five to sixty dollars. Carried.

Moved that pleasure carriages be valued at from ten to one hundred and fifty dollars. Carried.

Moved that gold watches be valued at from twenty-five to one hundred and fifty dollars. Carried.

Moved that silver watches be valued at from three to forty dollars. Carried.

Moved that the balance be left to the discretion of the assessors. Carried.

Moved that the Secretary furnish a copy of these proceedings to the papers for publication. Carried.

Moved that we adjourn. Carried. W. M. BERKEY, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875. Front Page.

The Mexican Minister at Washington, having charged that Americans, mostly ex- Confederate soldiers, disguised as Mexicans and Indians, were the actors in many of the forays upon the border, a committee was appointed at Brownsville, Texas, to ascertain the facts in the case. The committee comprised among its members the Collector of the Port, the Deputy Collector, and the Postmaster. They reported, after a full investigation, that the charge is absolutely false; that no American has ever been caught among the many captured, nor is there known to be a single one in the frontier States of Mexico, and they challenge any proof or name of a single individual subject to the charges.


Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875. Front Page.

[Black Hills]

A dispatch from Fort Laramie, 16th, says that Captain Meyer's company, who were sent after the mining party, at Harney's Peak, has secured the whole of them, consisting of fifteen men, one woman, and a boy. They were expected to arrive at Fort Laramie on the 18th. There have been heavy snows in the Black Hills, and high waters everywhere.

Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.

[Cheyenne Indians]

It is reported that 800 Cheyenne warriors crossed the track of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad on the night of the 15th, fifteen miles east of Lakin. They were going north, passing through the state of Kansas. A company of troops was sent from Fort Dodge in pursuit, and the Indian trail was followed about twenty miles, when it became evident that the Indians had separated and scattered over the prairies. They are undoubtedly on the war- path, and bloody work may be expected any day.


Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.


Commissioner Smith, of the Indian Bureau, has issued a circular to Indian Agents, calling their attention to the fact that Congress last session incorporated a clause in the act making appropriation for the Indian service for the present fiscal year, which requires "all able-bodied male Indians between the ages of eighteen and forty-five, to perform service upon the reservation for the benefit of themselves or of the tribe, at a reasonable rate, to be fixed by the agent in charge, and to an amount equal in value to the supplies to be delivered." The Commissioner directs the Indian Agents to offer the Indians every possible encourage ment to give up their nomadic habits and live like white men.


Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.


T. P. Arnold was sentenced to the penitentiary recently from Cowley County, for the crime of fraud. Something new for Kansas, certainly. Emporia News.

No such person was sent to the penitentiary from this county.

Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.

Titus and Darrah, of Winfield, who went down the Arkansas River to Fort Gibson in a flat boat in February last, report the route practicable, and intend to ship grain that way this fall. Give us a rest. [Newspaper source not given.]

Skipped Cowley County Treasurer's General Statement [April 1, 1875]; also School Fund and School Bond Fund Report in April 29, 1875, issue.


Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.

Grass ten inches high.

Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.

Peach trees are in bloom.

Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.

Arkansas City had a spelling match last week.

Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.

Small boys amuse themselves by sailing miniature boats in the duck pond in front of this office.

Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.

Several lazy-good-for-nothing-ill-looking-thieving Kaw Indians, accompanied by their smiling squaws, were in this city yesterday. They are out on a begging tour.

Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.

We had the pleasure of tasting a piece of wedding cake, which was sent to Mr. John Swain by a sister, all the way from merry England. It tasted fresh and nice after its long voyage across the briny deep.

Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.

We learn from John Murphy, one of Oxford's leading businessmen, that Mr. Hewitt, of Red Oak, Iowa, has let the contract for building a $15,000 flouring mill on the Arkansas River near that point. The building is to be 30 x 40 feet, three stories high, and will have four run of burrs. Mr. D. N. Cook, County Surveyor, has the contract and will commence work immediately.

Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.

Mr. Haskins, brother-in-law of Mr. C. A. Bliss, is here paying his friends a visit. He has with him the model of a farm gate, which is one of the handiest things imaginable. It is so arranged that the driver of a team or a person on horseback can open or shut it with ease, without getting out of the wagon or down off the horse. The gate is on exhibition at the store of C. A. Bliss & Co., and will repay any man a visit.

Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.

The enterprising firm of C. A. Bliss & Co., in order to keep pace with the time, and also be in readiness to grind the new wheat cropthe prospect for which is simply im mensehave been making extensive improvements in their fine stone flouring mills. They have added, among other things, a new bolt, and now turn off some of the best flour possible to be manufactured.

Their mills are situated on one of the best water powers in the State; with apparatus second to none, with experienced and accommodating millers, and the flouring mills of C. A. Bliss & Co., richly deserve the patronage of the public.


Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.

City Council Proceedings.

The Council met at Council room, April 26th, 1875. A quorum being present, and there being no fire in said room, on motion adjourned to meet immediately at the office of Curns & Manser.

The Council met at the office of Curns & Manser in pursuance of adjournment.

Present: D. A. Millington, Mayor; J. M. Dever, M. G. Troup, C. C. Black, N. M. Powers, Councilmen; J. W. Curns, Clerk.

The minutes of last meeting were read and approved.

It was moved and carried that the City Clerk be authorized to procure a warrant record for this city.

Joseph Likowski and Rheinhart Ehret made application by petition for a dram shop license. Said petitions were read and on motion were referred to a special committee of three, appointed by the Mayor, to report on said petition to this Council at an adjourned meeting to be held on Friday evening next. J. M. Dever, M. G. Troup, and N. M. Powers were appointed on said committee.

W. M. Allison presented a bill of $4.60 for printing; Z. T. Swigart presented a bill of $40.00 for marshal; John Austin presented a bill of $1.50 for removing dead dogs; all of which were referred to the finance committee.

It was moved and seconded that the Council go into the committee of the whole to consider the Ordinances in relation to license. A motion was made to amend by inserting the words "with the Mayor in the chair," which carried. The question recurring on the original motion with the amendment was carried.

After duly considering the subject of licenses, the committee prepared an Ordinance in relation to the sale of intoxicating liquors, and one in relation to the appointment, duties, and pay of city officers, which were recommended for passage by the committee.

On motion the committee arose from a committee of the whole, and the Council proceeded to pass on an Ordinance in relation to the sale of intoxicating liquors. On motion said Ordinance was read and duly passed by sections. The vote on the final passage resulted as follows: YeasJ. M. Dever, M. G. Troup, N. M. Powers, C. C. Black. Naysnone.

On motion adjourned to meet Friday evening next. J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.


WINFIELD KAN., April 21st, 1875.

To friends and brethren who have contributed aid to the destitute of Cowley County, Kansas, who reside in Indiana, at points I shall mention below:

I have delayed writing to you until all should arrive that was solicited and shipped by me, and according to my directions.

The car load of grain, flour, etc., contributed to this county, in the vicinity of Brookfield, and London, mostly by relations, friends, and personal acquaintances of mine, was sent to another county, where some of Wm. Mason's friends reside, without the knowledge or consent of the donorsdone in my absence by Mr. Mason, who was acting as chairman of our neighborhood committee, and who agreed to ship the car when loaded to our county committee, according to directions given by me. Consequently, our county received nothing from those points except $5.00 given by Frank Shaffer, who refused to give grain unless I would return with it.

The car load raised in the vicinity of Mount Pisga, and shipped from Shelbyville, came after a long time with freight charges for most of the route. The $41.60 in cash was received by our committee in due time.

The $184.00 raised by the sale of the Sumner car load of grain was duly received by the committee, and also the $18.00 subscribed. The boxes of clothing, fruit, etc., arrived about the first of this month.

The car sent from Acton, contributed by the citizens of the Fry neighborhood and New Bethel, principally, came in most a week ago.

Western railroads have been charging freight on relief supply for several weeks.

The above acknowledgment I hope you will accept as a receipt for the supplies so generously bestowed upon the destitute of our county. It affords me pleasure to say to you, that our County Relief Committee have faithfully, and honorably, discharged their duty, and I believe, given general satisfaction.

I tender my hearty thanks to many friends for their kindness to me, and for their assistance. Among whom I will name Rev. John Reace, the McCabes and others, of Mt. Pisga; Jesse Leonard and family, N. Neasuer, and many other good Quakers, of Sumner; Wm. McGregor, Mr. Moore, Jas. Carroll, and seven others that space will not permit me to mention, who reside in the vicinity of Acton and Bethel.

I reached home March 26th, and was delighted to see farmers so hopefully and industriously sowing spring grain, and preparing the fields for planting corn. Many at this date have finished planting. Cattle have been living on the range for a month nearly, and are now beginning to thrive nicely. The prospect for wheat is fair, though we need a little rain just now. We are having some immigration this spring, and property is gradually advancing in value. Hoping that we may never again be so unfortunate as to require help from abroad, and thanking you in behalf of the people, I remain yours truly, T. J. JOHNSON.


Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.

Winfield Institute.

The public is informed that an entertainment of unusual interest, for the benefit of the above Institute, will take place at the Courthouse on Friday evening, May 7th. The most notable feature of the exercises will consist of a Big Spelling Matcha mighty wrestle with Webster and Worcester, by volunteers of both sexes. This projected raid on the "unabridged" will be governed by rules similar to those adopted at all spelling matches now so popular throughout the country.

At a meeting of the directors of the Institute, held on Wednesday evening last, Prof. W. C. Robinson and Prof. A. B. Lemmon were appointed captains, Mr. J. B. Fairbank, pronouncer, Mr. E. S. Bedillion and Mr. B. F. Baldwin, referees.

In this war of words, Worcester's comprehensive speller will be used. It is hoped that everyone friendly to the movement, regardless of age or sex, whether living in the city or out of it, will take a lively interest in this contemplated frolic with the vowels and consonants, and promptly enter the list in this intellectual and friendly contest. The exercises of the evening will be interspersed with vocal and instrumental music.

Tickets 15 cents, admitting two 25 cents, 10 for one dollar.

W. Q. MANSFIELD, Secretary.



Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875.


The partnership heretofore existing between E. Davis and C. Ferguson has this day been dissolved by mutual consent. E. DAVIS, C. FERGUSON. April 28th, 1875.


Winfield Courier, April 29, 1875. Back Page.


Notes From Along the Border.

The Pawnees and Their New Reservation.

The Sioux and the Black Hills.

The Cheyenne Revolt.

[From the St. Louis Democrat, 21st.]

The Hon. Francis F. Smith, Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Indian Commission, and B. B. Roberts, also a member of the Commission, arrived in St. Louis yesterday from Omaha, on their way East. These gentlemen have been on a tour for observa tion and negotiation in the Pawnee country, which is located in Nebraska, on the Platte River.

Their visit had for its main object the removal of the tribe to a new reservation located in Indian Territory, between the Cimarron and Arkansas Rivers, and belonging formerly to the Cherokees. The old reservation contains nearly 300,000 acres, which, by an act of Congress passed in June, 1872, is to be sold in sections.

Last fall a large share of the tribe left for their new reservation on a buffalo hunt, and to join a party that had started the year previous. After a successful winter they met Agent Burges, and agreed upon a site for their reservation, in March last. Something over 400, consisting mainly of the aged, infirm, and the children in school, remain at the reservation in Nebraska, and will be subsisted there until the latter portion of the present season, when, it is hoped, quarters will be prepared for their occupation in their new location.

The entire failure of Congress to make preparation for the expense of the removal causes great embarrassment to the authorities.


Commissioner Smith, in a recent conversation regarding the Black Hills and the probability of the extinguishment of the Indian title, said to a representative of the Omaha Herald:

Three delegations of Sioux are starting to Washington about this time, one of the Ogallallas, in charge of Agent Saville, of the Red Cloud Agency, another from the Brule Sioux, under charge of Agent Howard, of Spotted Tail Agency, and the third delegation is made up of chiefs from the Northern Indiansthe Winneconjons, Sans Arcs and Unepapas, in charge of Agent Bingham, of the Grand River Agency.

They are going to Washington for the purpose of consultation, mainly upon the Black Hills question. Congress, however, made provisions for two new agencies to be established, into one of which the Northern Sioux are to be gathered, and the location of these agencies is another object of this visit.

After they have returned to their own country, it is expected a commission will be sent out from Washington, which will complete the negotiations in respect to the extinguishment of their title to the Black Hills, and also select a point in the reservation for the new agencies.

Regarding the making of a treaty, I do not think the chiefs will go on with sufficient authority to do that. Obtaining their consent to give up the Black Hills will be so difficult to accomplish that it will probably require considerable machinery to bring it about.

I think the object of their going to Washington is to secure in advance the cooperation of a considerable number of their prominent men when they conduct the negotiations with their tribes.

The Black Hills have been regarded as a kind of "sacred soil" and a common ground by all the Northern Indians. They have threatened hostility to any white man who should visit there at all. They have made it their common rendezvous whenever they contemplated any incursion or emergency. One of their strongest feelings is against any white man going to the Black Hills, and, of course, to induce them to give up that objection and to relinquish their own right to go there will require a great deal of persuasion. Their love for the Hills is simply because it is in the center of their reservation, the various bands of the Sioux being located on three different sides. They value it also on account of its comparative inaccessibility.

Mr. Smith is of the opinion that, while there may be rich gold deposits in the hills; the reports thereof have been greatly exaggerated. As a hunting ground for the Indians, it is worthless, the game being almost exhausted, and as there is a strong desire on the part of the Government to open the country to the whites, it is probable matters will be settled with all possible expediency.


An officer who was present at the Indian revolt, which occurred at the Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency on the 6th inst., an account of which has already been given from military sources, says that from the beginning of the fight, the Indians fought with great desperation, and time after time, when the soldiers, under Captain Rafferty, charged up the sand hills, were driven back. Bear Shield, the chief who first started the fight, was instantly killed, four bullets entering his head. Stone Calf did all in his power to prevent the young men going into the fight, but his counsels were not heeded.

It is thought impossible for the Cheyennes to escape the military, as nearly the whole of the Tenth Cavalry are in pursuit. On the 15th instant four soldiers from Fort Wallace were corralled on Bear Creek, about twenty miles south of the fort, by thirty-five Indians. They kept them at bay for some time, and finally escaped, reaching Granada on Saturday. Word was at once sent to Fort Lyon, and troops were sent out to capture the red devils. This last outrage occurred nearly in the same place where the German massacre took place last September.


A dispatch from Kansas City says that news from the frontier is very exciting as to the Indian outrages. Four soldiers were surrounded near Granada, Kansas, last week by a band of Indians, and the fight lasted for several hours. A number of savages were killed before they were repulsed. General Pope is active in preparation for the approaching troubles.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 6, 1875. Front Page.


JUDGE SHANNON, of the United States District Court of Dakota, has recently rendered a decision, that under the Territorial laws, an Indian cannot be convicted of murdering one of his kind. The question arose in a recent prosecution of two Santees for the murder of a Ponca Indian. The murderers were acquitted under the decision, and were at liberty to depart, but fearing that prowling Poncaswho were not satisfied with the decision might kill them, they were remanded to jail for protection. Much excitement prevails among the aborigines in Southern Dakota, and a battle between them in the streets of Yankton is considered imminent.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.


According to the New Orleans correspondent of the Chicago Inter-Ocean, the excursionists who have just returned to that city from Mexico do not give a very encouraging report of the state of affairs in our sister republic. They state that the Mexican Government is not making the slightest effort to prevent raids across the Rio Grande. Although the attention of the Mexican authorities has been officially called to this matter, it is treated with the utmost indifference, and no notice will be taken of it until the United States Government sends troops across the Rio Grande to punish the invaders. Then the Mexicans will commence hostilities. This is the settled opinion of Americans residing in the City of Mexico, and they state also that the country there even now is getting too warm for them; that they will have to leave upon the first indications of hostilities.

It is stated that at a recent session of the Cabinet, the disturbed condition of affairs upon the Mexican border was the subject of a long consultation. The official reports as to the raiding parties were formally presented and considered. They consisted of the report received by the Postmaster-General from the Postmasters who have been molested, and of the reports of army officers. These documents substantiated most of the dispatches from the Mexican border. The Postmaster-General showed that several of his officers have been killed.

The Secretary of State manifested some restiveness at these raids. It is understood that the Mexican Government has disclaimed all responsibility for these incursions. It is evident that if these raids are to continue, the border mail service, will, of necessity, be discontinued. No formal conclusion was reached, but it was generally understood that a note of protest would soon be prepared to be presented to the Mexican Government as a preliminary to the preparation of a formal note. Mr. Jewell is arranging for the President all the correspondence of the Post-office Department on this subject.


Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

The party of miners who were brought out of the Black Hills by the military passed through Omaha on their way east, and hundreds more are on their way.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

We learn that the authorities of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad have made a tour of their road, and find that all reports of grasshoppers along the line are without founda tion. They have had a meeting East, at which they have agreed to take passengers who are seeking homes, at one and one-half cent per mile, instead of five cents as heretofore, a reduction which is sure to gain many passengers and a great number of settlers along this line of road.


Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

Last week the Supreme Court of our state rendered the following decision: The act of the legislature of 1875 entitled "An act authorizing townships to issue bonds for relief purposes," in that it provides for the issue of bonds and the levy of taxes for other than public purposes, is unconstitutional and void.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

The Interior Department will shortly send out an advertisement inviting proposals to purchase the so-called "Cherokee Strip," comprising 300,000 acres of Indian lands of Kansas, adjoining the Indian Territory. These lands will, under the act of Congress, be sold in tracts not exceeding 160 acres to any one persons, and at not less than $1.50 per acre for lands west of the Arkansas River, or $2 per acre for the portion east of that river.


Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

Joe Jim, Chief of the Kaws, in town today.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

The Indian camp was visited by many last Sunday.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

Col. Manning has returned from serving the people as a U. S. Grand Juror at Topeka.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

Land speculators claim that land has increased in value 20 percent since the late rains.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

Mr. Combs of this place has put out 7,000 young cottonwoods on his farm in Sumner County.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

Most of the boys have purchased bows and arrows from the Kaws who have been visiting our city.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

The Kaw Indians, who have been visiting our city for several days, left for their reservation on Monday afternoon last.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

DIED. Sarah Ann, wife of Fredrick Brown, of Beaver Township, on the 28th of April, 1875, aged 44 years, of typhoid fever.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

S. H. Myton has returned from Kansas City, and now sells all kinds of machinery and farming implements cheaper than ever.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

T. A. Wilkinson has now on hand for free distribution something over one hundred bushels of corn for seed for the Granges of the county.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

George Miller has fitted up his butcher shop at the old stand in a very handsome style, and it is now the most popular steak dispensing shop in the city.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

The winter wheat through central and northern Kansas is about one half froze out. Cowley will certainly have to furnish that barren country with flour next winter.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

Hon. Thos. R. Bryan, of Dexter, made us a friendly call last Saturday. He informs us that Meigs & Kinne, of Arkansas City, are about to erect a steam flouring mill at Dexter.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

M. S. Roseberry, of the board of County Commissioners, was in town last Monday looking after the distribution of the Government rations for which he has been appointed agent.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

Maj. Chas. Reynolds, U. S. Post Chaplain, at Ft. Riley, is in town distributing the proportion of government rations assigned to Cowley County. It consists of 19,000 pounds of meat, meal, beans, coffee, and sugar. It is given out on lists of needy furnished by the county commissioners.

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

Andrew Cock, and old and valued citizen of this county, came here some years ago and improved a farm. Under the stringent laws of congress in relation to the Osage Lands and harsh rulings of the Interior Department, Mr. Cock had to mortgage his claim to raise the money with which to enter the same. Unfortunately for him, he fell into the hands of the genus money shark. And now, at the end of two years, the mortgage of $200 reaches the sum of $442, and the old man loses his home. Yesterday morning he departed for California to end his days. Let us hope, without again falling into the hands of robbers.


Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

A Bad Sell.

Through the kindness of Curns & Manser, we are permitted to copy an extract from a private letter received by them from Ex-Mayor S. C. Smith, who is now at Los Angeles, California. Mr. Smith is a close observer of men and things, cautious and reliable, and his statements should and will receive considerable weight. Here is what he says about the over- much lauded California.

"Everything is red hot here. Hundreds of emigrants arriving, some blessing the country and climate, and others cursing the newspapers for bringing them here where there is nothing to do. It is a worse place than Kansas for one without money, and whether a better place for one with it, I am not sure yet. Respectfully Yours, S. C. SMITH."


Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.


The death of Mrs. Sarah Ann Brown, of which notice is made in another place, is a severe blow to a loving husband and interesting family. Mrs. Brown was the daughter of Jesse Summers, one of the first settlers of Bates County, Missouri, where she was born and subsequently married to Mr. Fred Brown in the year 1847. About fifteen years ago, Mrs. Brown connected herself with the Christian church and lived happily and died resignedly in that faith.

Her Christian hope had robbed death of its terrors and she entered the cold stream in a realizing sense of what was before her, with her eyes fixed upon the other shore. She was the mother of six children, the youngest being only three years of age. She left a large circle of friends in the neighborhood where the family resides and has resided since the first settle ment of our county. Having experienced patiently all the privations and hardships of the new settlement of our county, she was about to realize a better home and circumstances than here on earth. All the attention of skilled physicians and loving friends could not save her. In this bereavement Mr. Brown and family have the sympathies of many friends.


Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

At the examination of teachers last week, eighteen applicants were present. Certificates were granted as follows.


Mrs. L. A. Parsons.

Miss Carrie Morris.

Mr. J. C. Armstrong.


Mrs. L. M. Theaker.

Miss Emma Burden.

Miss Ella Davis.

Miss K. Fitzgerald.


Mrs. L. M. Page.

Miss C. E. Taplin.

Miss S. E. Ketchum.

Mr. Z. McKnight.

Mrs. M. F. Hawkins.

Miss A. Harden.

Mr. A. K. Stevenson.

Mr. Z. Foster.

Mr. C. C. Holland.


Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

Notice to the Patrons of Husbandry.

The meeting which was to have been held at the Eagle Hall, Wichita, on Saturday, the 8th day of May next, has been postponed until Saturday, the 22nd of May. Will the newspapers in the counties of Cowley, Butler, Sedgwick, Sumner, Harvey, and Reno please copy this notice. A. T. STEWART.


Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

BETHEL GRANGE, No. 715, P. of H., May 1st, 1875.

MR. KELLY: The within resolutions were passed at a regular meeting of the above Grange and a request that you print the same in your paper.

WHEREAS, Brother T. A. Blanchard has been a good and faithful member and an efficient officer of Bethel Grange, No. 715, P. of H., and whereas business calls him to another field of labor, therefore be it

Resolved, That we, the members of Bethel Grange, deeply regret to part with Brother Blanchard, and that we hereby tender him our sincere thanks, and that our best wishes and good will be with him hoping his lot may fall in pleasant places.

Resolved, That a copy of the above be furnished the Winfield COURIER for publication.


Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

City Council Proceedings.

The Council met at council room, May 1st, in pursuance of adjournment. Present: D. A. Millington, Mayor; N. M. Powers, M. G. Troup, C. C. Black, Councilmen; J. W. Curns, City Clerk.

The minutes of the last meeting read and approved.

The bill of John Austin of $1.50 for removing dead, bill of Z. T. Swigart of $40.00, services as Marshal for the month ending April 24th, 1875, bill of W. M. Allison of $4.60 for publishing election proclamation, were reported favorably on by the finance committee and duly allowed and ordered paid.

The special committee to whom was referred the petitions of Joseph Likowski and Reinhart Ehret for draft shop license, reported that after examining said petitions that they were of the opinion that the petitions contained a majority of the bonafide residents of lawful age. On motion report of the committee was received.

Moved and seconded that a license be granted to both petitions. Motion carried.

On motion adjourned. J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.


Council met May 3rd. Present: D. A. Millington, Mayor; N. M. Powers, M. G. Troup, C. C. Black, and J. M. Dever, Councilmen. Minutes of last meeting read and approved.

An ordinance to provide for the appointment of a clerk, treasurer, marshal, and city attorney, and defining the duties and pay of the same, was read and duly passed. The vote on the final passage was as follows: Yeas, Dever, Black, Powers, Troup. Nays, none.

The mayor with the consent of the council appointed J. C. Fuller, treasurer, and J. E. Allen, city attorney, in and for the city of Winfield.

An ordinance in relation to riding or driving upon sidewalks, was read and duly passed. Vote on final passage as follows: YeasDever, Troup, Black, Powers. Naysnone.

On motion adjourned. J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.

[ORDINANCE NUMBER 53 - MAY 6, 1875.]

Winfield Courier, May 6, 1875.

[Published May 6th, 1875.]

Ordinance Number 53.

An ordinance to provide for the appointment of a clerk, treasurer, marshal, and city attorney for the city of Winfield, and defining the duties and pay of the same, and providing for bonds of city officers.

Be it Ordained by the Mayor and Councilmen of the City of Winfield.

SECTION 1. The mayor with the consent of the council shall appoint the following city officers, to-wit: A clerk, a treasurer, a marshal, and a city attorney, whose terms of office shall each respectively be one year, but shall expire on the first day of May next ensuing after he shall enter upon the duties of his office.

SECTION 2. Before any person appointed as provided in the preceding section, shall enter upon the duties of his office, he shall take and subscribe an oath to be filed with the clerk to the effect that he will support the constitutions of the United States and the state of Kansas, and perform the duties of his office (naming it) to the best of his ability.

SECTION 3. Before the entering upon the duties of his office the following named officers shall each file with the clerk, a bond to the city of Winfield, with security approved by the council, to the effect that he will faithfully perform the duties of his office (naming it) and will deliver to his successor in office all moneys, books, papers, and other property pertaining to his office, in amount as follows, to-wit: The treasurer shall give bond in the sum of $2,000. The marshal shall give bond in the sum of $800. The police judge shall give bond in the sum of $500.

SECTION 4. It shall be the duty of the treasurer to collect and receive all moneys due or belonging to the city, and give duplicate receipts for each sum paid to him, describing on what account, purpose, and object such sum was paid, to pay out the moneys of the city in his hands on the orders of the mayor, attested by the clerk, to keep an account of such receipt and payments in a book provided for that purpose, to make to the mayor and council a statement of said account in writing on the first day of each month, and to perform any other duties usually pertaining to such office, without pay by either fee, salary, or percentage; provided that no receipt for money given by the treasurer as provided in this section shall be of any validity as against the city, unless the clerk shall certify thereon that he has filed in his office a duplicate thereof. Provided further that after the clerk shall have furnished him a list of outstanding orders, the treasurer shall not pay any such order, unless he have sufficient funds of the city to pay all orders outstanding of earlier date and number, which shall have been presented for payment.

SECTION 5. It shall be the duty of the clerk to receive and file in his office the duplicates of receipts of the treasurer, contemplated in the preceding section, and certify that he has done so on the original to be held by the payer, and to charge the treasurer therewith in a book to be provided for the purpose. To attest and keep an account and record of all orders drawn on the treasurer, and to furnish the treasurer with abstracts of the same, to file and keep in his office all oaths, bonds, and other instruments of writing belonging to the city, to attend all the meetings of the council and keep a record of the proceedings thereof, in books provided for that purpose; to keep a record of the ordinances of the city, in a book provided for that purpose; to furnish copies of papers, ordinances, and proceedings, in his office, when required by the Mayor, Council, or Police Judge; and to perform any other duties which usually pertain to such office.

SECTION 6. The pay of the clerk shall be a salary of $100.00 per year, payable monthly, which shall be in lieu of all fees chargeable to the city. When required to furnish copies by others than the city and its officers, he may collect and receive a fee of such persons of 25 cents for first folio, or fraction thereof, and 15 cents for each additional folio.

SECTION 7. It shall be the duty of the marshal to serve all processes issued by the police judge, to attend the police court at its sittings, to arrest persons found disturbing the peace, or violating any of the city ordinances, bring them before the police judge, and make complaint against them, to keep a vigilant watch to prevent violations of the city ordinances, and guard the interests of the city, to collect fines, costs, and taxes, when required by the Mayor, Council, or police judge, and pay the same over to the city treasurer without delay, to perform the duties of fire warder, of pound keeper, of street commissioner, and of road overseer, and to perform any duties which usually pertain to the office of city marshal and policeman.

SECTION 8. The pay of the marshal shall be a salary of $25.00 per month, which shall be in lieu of all fees, costs, and other claims, for services chargeable to the city, and shall be entitled to the following fees to be charged as cost.

For arresting each person, bringing him before the police judge, and making complaint: $1.00.

For attending police court in contested trial, each day: $1.00

For each commitment: $.25

For bringing prisoner again into court: $.25

For serving each subpoena, first person: $.25

Each additional person: $.25

For impounding first animal: $.75

For impounding each additional animal, in same lot, owned by same person: $.25

SECTION 9. It shall be the duty of the City Attorney to attend and conduct trials in the police and other courts, held within the city, on behalf of the city, when it is a party inter- ested, to draw complaints, ordinances, contracts, and other instruments of writing for the city, when required, and to give legal advice to the council and officers of the city when required.

SECTION 10. The pay of the attorney shall be a salary of $50.00 per year, which shall be in lieu of all fees, costs, and other claims for services chargeable to the city. He shall also be entitled to a fee of $3.00 for each conviction before the police judge, to be charged as cost and collected of the defendant, and in cases of conviction of any person in the district court, the attorney shall be entitled to a fee of not less than $10.00, nor more than $25.00, at the discretion of the court, to be taxed as costs against the defendant.

SECTION 11. All ordinances, and parts of ordinances, in conflict herewith, or in any way inconsistent with this ordinance, are hereby repealed.

SECTION 12. This ordinance shall take effect, and be in force, from and after its publication once in the Winfield COURIER.

Approved May 3d, 1875. D. A. MILLINGTON, Mayor.

J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.

[Note: The following issues of Courier not microfilmedMay 6, May 13, May 20.]


Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 27, 1875. Front Page.

The Black Hills.

The fever to go to the Black Hills in search of gold is abroad. The Indians, according to all precedent and regardless of treaties, will have to look up some other hunting grounds. The white man wants the gold, and the whole army won't keep him out of the land that promises to "pan out." We call it the march of civilization. When we desire to violate a treaty, we secure possession of territory occupied by Indians, select some remote territory, sign new treaties, sacredly giving our pledges never to intrude upon their new hunting grounds, which in the future will again be violated in the interests of what we call civilization. It is not this phase of the question, however, that we started to say a word upon, but to utter a caution to the many restless spirits among the young men on the farms.

With the glittering stories of these new gold fields where fortunes are to be easily made, and their labors having shown such meager results the past two years, it is only natural that a feeling of dissatisfaction may arise, and a hope be entertained that possibly the money would come easier in the New Eldorado. But there is another side to this which we only wish now to foreshadow. In the first place, the story of the great gold deposits of the Black Hills rests upon the most indefinite heresay and lacks practical proof. Far removed from supplies, with the government troops harassing all who may endeavor to prospect for gold, it seems to men of common sense that starting on such a venture is an evidence of lunacy. Beyond this there are suspicions that there is a future railroad enterprise at the bottom of the excitement, that this is the preliminary step to asking for a grant of land to build a branch road.

We say to the young men on the farm, don't let a bubble excite you. There are thousands of old experienced miners in the territory west of Kansas who will develop the gold of the Black Hills if there is any there. It will pay to stick to the honest labor of a farmer, rather than become a wandering adventurer, vainly hoping to find riches easier than by useful labor.

Kansas Farmer.


Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.


The greatest disadvantage that people of Cowley labor under is the high rate of interest on money. No money is loaned for less than twenty-five percent per annum. Thirty percent per annum is the average interest. Fifty and sixty percent is no uncommon interest.

Since July 1st, 1871, the citizens of Cowley County have paid in interest alone nearly or quite $500,000. This is an awful drain upon us. It is a paralysis upon our enterprise. It makes the poor poorer without hope, and the rich richer without labor. If the money that has been absorbed in usurious interest during the past four years could be distributed through the county in improvements, it would make a marked difference in the appearance of the country and condition of our farmers.

In most cases this interest is collected by non-residents and is not even expended in building homes or substantial improvements here. It also escapes taxation. One device or another is resorted to to keep the principal off the tax rolls of the county.

We cannot censure men for taking all the interest they can get. A man is allowed to charge what he pleases for the use of a team, a reaper, a thresher, a saw mill, a grist mill, an axe, or a jack plane. What we deplore is the necessity that compels, or the folly that persuades men to borrow at such ruinous rates. No business, no circumstances will justify it. It must stop in some way.

There are several legitimate remedies. One is economy in expenditures; another is a repeal of the usury law; another is a prompt payment of matured obligations; another and more effectual method would be the establishment of a fiscal agency that should have credit and character abroad through which eastern capital could be loaned without commission.

These are matters which the Grange of Cowley County could appropriate and successfully address itself to the consideration of. There is no reason why the accruing liabilities in the county should not be renewed at about twelve percent per annum. Who will put this matter in shape?


Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.


Mrs. Lincoln, the widow of our late president, is insane. She was removed from Chicago to a private asylum at Batavia last week. The day previous to the one on which she was removed to Batavia, she made three unsuccessful attempts at suicide. She visited three different drug stores and called for laudanum; and as soon as she reached the sidewalk, swallowed the potion. But the druggists had been put on their guard by a person who had been watching her and only gave her a harmless fluid resembling laudanum in appearance.


Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.


A courier arrived at Sioux City, Iowa, on the 21st inst., bringing information that Gordon's train, consisting of 47 four-mule teams and 170 men, well armed, were captured on the 13th inst., by a detachment of 37 soldiers from Fort Randall, D. T., and are now en route to that post in charge of the troops. No resistance was offered to the troops. The point where the party was captured was in Nebraska, some 350 miles west of that place and 40 miles south of the Indian reservation. The party had given up the idea of going to the Black Hills and concluded to move on to the Big Horn country till the Hills were opened.


Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.


SILVER CREEK, MAY 24th, 1875.

ED. COURIER: We see in your paper a correspondence from this part of the county, which bears evidence of falsehood from stem to stern. Mr. Millard, well does he remember the old adage, "that self praise is half scandal;" consequently, he looks out for someone to pile glory on himself and that "sixteen year old team" of his; first, he received a double share for himself, secondly, his team, thirdly, his neighbors that live in the direction of Grouse Creek; and lo! where does he find that humiliating soul? Is it his neighbor? No. Is it some correspondent seeking truths that are reliable and interesting to your readers? No. No, it is that darling wife of his, that leaps upon the wings of a grasshopper; soars high in eloquence, and, while she remains in the zenith of her glory, she pens some nice things for her dear darling hubby; but as she grows weary in "much speaking," she gradually descends in an eastward direction, tapering off her luminous tower by merely mentioning the names of a few farmers that come directly under her notice.

Now, Mr. COURIER, as facts will stand the test of fire and shame the devil, we will communicate the truth without partiality, if there be any such thing as truth.

Mr. Z. W. Hoge has labored under as many embarrassments as Mr. Millard, and doubled him in acreage of corn, and thribbled him in wheat.

Also, Ed. Collans, with no team of any kind, has worked for his neighbors and paid for the plowing of twenty acres for corn. Each of the above named farmers have a promising prospect for a full crop.

We will say in behalf of the farmers of Silver Creek, as they deserve it, that we have no idle birds singing their drowsy souls to sleep, but every farmer is up and moving things with a determined will to excel in a bounteous crop this fall. God, give all of them a bountiful and early harvest. M. J. BROOKS.


Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

Where is Lacy?

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

Green peas for fifteen cents a quart.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

New potatoes have made their appearance in this market.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

Gus Bullene is building a nice little stone barn near his residence.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

The season for ice cream, soda water, and iced lemonades has arrived.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

Winfield is not to be backward in the way of an extensive cheese factory.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

No grasshoppers so far as we can learn doing any damage in Cowley County.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

The Walnut River raised one foot above its usual stage last Saturday night.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

Only five cents per glass for the best Soda Water in town at Green's drug store.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

The Presbyterians of Winfield contemplate erecting a house of worship this summer.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

Who is the distinguished Spaniard, Don Pedro, that writes from Winfield to the Traveler?

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

That newly painted Rockaway carriage of the Morris Bro.'s is the finest turn out in the county.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

Sixty families are on their way to locate in Cowley and Sumner counties.

Sumner County Press.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

There are to be 25 head of cows and young stock sold in Winfield on Saturday, June 5th, 1875, at auction, on credit.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

The boarders at the Valley House feasted upon the first new potatoes of the season yesterday. "Snap" beans will be the next thing on the bill of fare.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

Fuller measures his Alfalfa every day. During the past eight days it has averaged growing an inch in height and spread in proportion daily.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

Mr. Holmes, of Rock Township, has eighty acres of blue grass. John J. Ingalls is coming down to visit Cowley this summer and we propose taking him on to that blue grass for a roll.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

L. J. Webb, Burt Covert, A. D. Speed, and Will Doty started last Monday for Kansas City to attend a trial of Speed's in regard to some Texas cattle. They went in a spring wagon across the country, emigrant style.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

Jackson & Hill have just received a bran splinter new Soda Fountain, from which gushes forth the best Soda Water you ever had the pleasure of drinking. Boys, don't be afraid, your girls will never refuse to take a glass with you.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

Maj. John M. Crowell, special agent of the Post Office Department, and one of the ablest and most energetic officers of the Government, is in town. He expresses himself highly pleased with the appearance of things in our new Post Office.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

SNAKE BIT. The little daughter of Mr. Frank Cox, of Richland Township, an interesting child about six years old, was bitten by a rattlesnake last Monday. The child will likely recover, but in all probability will lose her arm. The parents have our sincere sympathy in their misfortune.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

Mrs. Gibson and Kennedy, of the Ladies Bazar, would desire to call the attention of the Ladies to their large and well selected stock of New Goods just received, including hats of all kinds, flowers, ribbons, ties, gloves, hosiery, corsets, fans, parasols, shoulder and hat scarfs, twills, and Hamburg Edges. Laces of all varieties sold at lowest possible prices. Dress making a specialty, also bridal outfits. Please call and examine.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

Mr. Wm. Vorhis, living south of town a few miles, found the skeleton of an enormous beast on his farm a short time ago. One of the teeth is in a very good state of preservation and is now on exhibition at the Post Office. We will match it against any tooth in the United States. So just bring on your teeth.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

In response to an inquiry by B. E. Smith, Esq., the Commissioner of the Land Office, S. S. Burdett, says that there is no authority of law for moving a corner of the public surveys which can in any way be identified as the original corner established by the U. S. Deputy Surveyor and approved by the Surveyor General.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

Young ladies and gents desiring to mate should come to Winfield and engage in the Cantata of Esther. One year ago the Cantata was presented to a Winfield audience. Of the company which took part in the exhibition, sixteen were unmarried. Since that time eleven of the sixteen have married and are alive and "doing as well as could be expected."

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

Two of the town b-hoys in attempting to cross the Walnut at the Brewery ford the other night drove in where the water was about seven feet deep, and went to the bottom. As George came up he was accosted by Frank, who was hanging bat-fashion to the buggy top, with "Where have you been, George?" Blowing the water like a porpoise from his mouth and rubbing his eyes, he replied, "I've been down looking for a better ford, where do you reckon I've been?" They reached the opposite bank without further misfortune than a very strong resemblance to Winfield boarding house milk, and passed on their way rejoicing.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

MARRIED. By reference to another column it will be seen that our friend, S. H. Myton, sick nigh unto death of single cussedness, has taken unto himself a wife. Sensible man. We have more than suspected for some time, from little peculiarities and eccentricities, so well understood by those who do understand them, in Sam, conduct and dress, two or three times in each week, that something was going to happen. It has. And for the kindness with which the COURIER force was remembered by the happy couple, as well as the high estimation in which they are held, we wish Mr. Myton and his accomplished bride a long, happy, and prosperous life.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

In view of the fearful ravages of the grasshoppers last year, and the prospect that they will be as bad in many localities this year, the significance of the resolution offered by Mr. Manning, in the Congressional Convention at Emporia last fall, will be fully appreciated. That resolution was to the effect that the general government should appoint a commissioner to investigate the origin of these pests, and devise some plan for their prevention or destruction. The government will yet have to take the matter in hand, and the sooner the better. It is of vastly more concern to the western people to have their crops protected from grasshoppers, than the solution of the problem of gold in the Black Hills, and yet Uncle Sam makes haste to make a geological survey of that country to solve it. And that just for the gratification of a hand-full of greedy adventurers.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

Mrs. S. D. Gans, living up in Nennescah Township, surprised the family of A. H. Beck, last Thursday morning, by firing eleven shots in quick succession at his well curb. She lives just across the road and selecting this as a target, just for fun, you know, emptied two revolvers at it. Some of the balls glancing went whizzing over Mr. Beck's head, who was at work nearby, but being an old soldier he considered it a good joke and told her to keep it up. Mrs. Beck, however, after a ball passed through the pantry where she was standing, concluded that there wasn't any fun in such proceedings, so she went into hysterics, the place where nervous ladies go under such circumstances, and at last accounts she had not recovered. People have got to die some way and as long as children and careless people are permitted to use deadly weapons, we may expect obituary notices to emanate from such causes.

Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.

One day last week the boys at the Courthouse attempted to illustrate the cold water ritual of the Methodists by sprinkling each other. Judge Gans, an old hand at the business, "frowed de last water fust" on Dick Walker, and Dick, not being partial to water in any form, handed a pitcher full to Troup, which, owing to his carelessness, landed on top of his head. This set the ball to rolling. Troup returned the compliment by emptying his coal scuttle of dirty water in Walker's left ear. Then Bedilion and Walton joined in only to get treated to more cold water than they had been used to lately, and they retired satisfied. Then Walker and Gans formed an alliance, which they were just sealing with a "shake," when the irrepressible Troup put in his ladle and sent them off shaking themselves and swearing vengeance against him. They soon proved too much for Troup, for while he was guarding the pump and watching Dick, Gans stole upstairs, and emptied four gallons of muddy water down his shirt collar, and in attempting to retreat, he was overhauled by long Dick and treated to another bath, which closed the circus for that day. They are now suffering from bad colds, the penalty for using too much cold water when their constitutions were not used to it.


Winfield Courier, May 27, 1875.


MYTON - READ. At the residence of M. L. Read, Esq., Thursday evening, the 20th inst., Mr. S. H. Myton, Esq., and Miss Mollie C. Read, all of Winfield.

[Note: June 3, 1875, issue of Courier was not microfilmed.]


Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875. Front Page.

The Parker Captives.

[Galveston News.]

Many old Texans will remember the massacre at Fort Houston, Texas, in 1838; the capture of women and children by the Indians, and the subsequent recovery of Cynthia Parker, after some twenty years of captivity among the savages. The following letter of inquiry, will doubtless, meet the eyes of someone who can give the desired information. The last information on this subject possessed by the News placed Cynthia Anne Parker with her relatives in Parker County, probably in the family of her uncle, the venerable Isaac Parker, long a member of the Texas congress, who spent years in endeavoring to recover the captives.


Indian Territory, May 19, 1875.

Capt. E. J. Strang, A. Q. M., U. S. A., Denison, Texas:

SIR: Citra, a Qua-ha-de Comanche, who came into this post a few days ago, is the son of Cynthia, or Cynthia Anne Parker, a white woman, and is very desirous of finding out the whereabouts of his mother, if still alive, who was captured by the Indians near the falls of the Brazos nearly forty years ago, while yet a girl, and captured by the United States troops eighteen years ago, since which time she has remained in Texas.

She took with her to Texas a little girl and left with the Indians two boys, one of whom has since died, and the surviving one (Citra), who was here, makes inquiry concerning her and his sister.

Any information you can obtain as to this woman, dead or alive, or of her daughter, will be gratefully received. Very respectfully, your obedient servant.


Colonel Fourth Cavalry, commanding post.


Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875. Front Page.

Osage Lands. An Important Decision.

WASHINGTON, May 24. The commissioner of the general land office decides that the benefits extended by law to preemptors who, by reason of the ravages of the grasshoppers, are compelled to leave or be absent from their lands, may also be extended to preemptors where crops have, in like manner, been destroyed, but who have nevertheless continued their residence upon their claims.

Those whose crops were destroyed or seriously injured in 1874, will be entitled to an extension of one year from said affair July 1st, 1875, and when injury occurs in 1875, the extension will date from July 1st, 1876.


Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.

The Walnut Valley Times copies two items from the COURIER, and comments on them after crediting them to some journal called the Plow and Anvil. We have heard of such a publication somewhere, but cannot place it just now.

Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.

Red Cloud is becoming civilized. In Washington yesterday, he refused to have his picture taken unless the photographer paid him $25 for the privilege. He evidently understands the way of Washington as well as the white people.


Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.

The first load of new hay arrived in town last Monday.

Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.

Charles M. Truitt was the lucky candidate for a Cadetship at West Point.

Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.

We learn that the Good Templars Lodge is steadily increasing in strength.

Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.

Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor have gone on a visit to IllinoisMr. Pryor's former home.

Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.

Ice cream and strawberry festival tonight at the Courthouse.

Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.

Col. E. C. Manning is now in Leavenworth attending to business before the U. S. District Court.

Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.

Harold Mansfield, at the Post Office, has a very choice selection of stationery, newspapers, mottoes, etc.

Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.

Two "kivered" wagons passed through this city last Saturday, loaded with young men, bound for the Indian Territory.

Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.

Col. J. M. Alexander, formerly of the Plow and Anvil, has returned to Winfield. He reports the grasshoppers fearfully bad in the Northeastern part of the state.

Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.

The ladies of the Presbyterian and Congregational churches will give an ice cream and strawberry festival tonight, at the Courthouse.

Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.

Owing to a typographical error in the "Tisdale Items" of last week's COURIER, it appeared as if Mr. Henseley's son had been kicked by a woman, which was a mistake. It was a horse that did the kicking.


Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.

Winfield Institute Library.

Members of the above Institute and the public are informed that the Library is now open to all readers who desire to avail themselves of its advantages. Terms and rules, relating to the loaning of books to members and others, may be had of the Secretary. The Library will be open every Wednesday from 2 to 5 p.m., and for the present, located at the law office of Mr. Millington, the President of the Institute, who will act as the Librarian.



Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.

Tisdale Items.

Pleasant weather.

Splendid showers.

Our town has been in mourning since the departure of C. P. Spaulding.

As everybody is in a hurry to "prove up," it keeps Sim Moore busy making out proofs.

J. M. Napier started to Greenfield yesterday to buy a set of blacksmith tools.

Two men passed through town yesterday from the Indian Territory, after a horse thief.

J. A. McGuire still grinds away. His prospects are good.

Arthur Morse and John Bates are digging a cellar for G. W. Foughty.


Tisdale, June 2nd, 1875.


Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.


Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.

TISDALE, MAY 5, 1875.

In looking over the last issue of the COURIER, I notice that you have several correspondents from this place. If you will give me space, I would like to correct some of the errors over the signature of "Skip."

The millions of grasshoppers that he speaks of, must have hatched in his own fertile brain, as I have seen but few myself, and can hear of no others that have seen them in any numbers, except on Sabbath last, one swarm lit on the prairie near Grouse Creek, but they left on Monday, doing us no damage. Another near New Salem on the same day, and left as the above, doing us no harm.

The Good Templars lodge has not broken up, but is just as prosperous as it was four months ago, and likely to be so.

The Grangers had no dance on the night spoken of, as dancing was not in their programme at that time.

We have no such man as Boston living in this neighborhood, and none left for home at that time.

Jim Napier's rattlesnake happens to be a boarder he has on hand, and whose tongue is continually rattling, and Jim calls him the rattlesnake in his house. But "Skip" is a genius. From rolling logs at Shriver's mill, on Grouse, he has risen to a druggist in Tisdale, and now correspondent of the Traveler and COURIER, and not only that, but he keeps Tisdale in amusement by his rough stories and uncouth jokes.

Business is rather lively in Tisdale at present. S. S. Moore is busy making out proofs for the land office. J. A. McGuire is doing a fine business and selling cheap. Napier, Smiley & Co., have more work on hand than they can do. A cow, belonging to Mrs. Lawson, living three miles north of Tisdale, was killed by lightning last Friday morning. Old Dr. Thompson is about as usual, but judging from the way he has to ride about, we should judge business was brisk.

Our school is doing well this summer. Eugene is teaching well ever since the first excitement of the honeymoon has passed over.

Crops look well and farmers seem buoyant and happy.

Perhaps you may hear from me again. SKIPPER.

[ORDINANCES 55, 56, AND 57 - JUNE 10, 1875.]

Winfield Courier, June 10, 1875.

[Published June 10th, 1875.]

Ordinance No. 55.

An ordinance regulating the running at large of dogs and bitches, and taxing the owners or harborers thereof.


SECTION 1. An annual tax of one dollar shall be levied and collected for each dog over six months old, owned, harbored, or running at large in the city of Winfield.

SECTION 2. An annual tax of three dollars shall be levied and collected for each bitch over six months old, owned, harbored, or running at large in the city of Winfield.

SECTION 3. Taxes due and payable on or before the first day of July, A. D., 1875, for the present year, etc.

SECTION 4. Covered issuance of metal tag stamped "T. P.," which was to be attached to the neck of such dog or bitch by means of a collar or otherwise.

SECTION 5. Called for shooting dogs running at large without tag.

SECTION 6. Called for fining lawbreakers in a sum not to exceed $10.


Ordinance No. 56.

An ordinance to provide for special taxes and licenses.

SECTION 1. Before any person or association of persons shall within the corporate limits of the city of Winfield, exhibit for pay, any animal, menagerie, circus, curiosity, painting, performance, or other show, any musical, literary, dramatic, jugglers, slight of hand, clairvoyance, lecture or other performance, he or they shall first procure a license which shall be signed by the Mayor and attested by the Clerk, shall state the nature and kind of exhibition or performance licensed, and the dates and number of days such person or persons are licensed to exhibit. Such license shall not issue until there shall be paid to the city Treasurer the sum of money as license tax, which the Mayor in his discretion shall require, not less than $1. nor more than $100.00 for each days exhibition. Provided that for literary and scientific lectures and entertainments, and for concerts and musical or other entertainments, given exclusively by the citizens of Winfield, no tax shall be levied or license required.

SECTION 2. Any person violating the provisions of the preceding section shall on conviction, be fined in any sum not less than $5. nor more than $100. for each day's violation.

SECTION 3. Each person or firm who shall within the limits of the city of Winfield, engage in either of the following named occupations, shall be taxed as follows:

Auctioneer: $10.00

Billiard table keeper, first table: $10.00

Each additional table: $ 5.00

Pedlar or Hawker: $10.00

Provided that no person shall be taxed as pedlar or hawker for selling without outcry his own productions of any kind, grain, fruit, vegetables, fresh meats, game or fish, or to dealers.


Ordinance No. 57.

An Ordinance for the preservation of order, peace, and quiet in the city of Winfield.

SECTION 1. Each and every person who shall within the limits of the city of Winfield, curse or swear, or use any threatening language, or make a great noise so as to disturb the peace and quiet of any person, upon conviction, shall be fined in any sum not exceeding ten dollars.

SECTION 2. Each and every person who shall, within the city of Winfield, quarrel or fight, or make any indecent exposure of his or her person, or discharge any gun or pistol or other fire arm without the consent of the Mayor of said city, shall upon conviction be fined in any sum not exceeding twenty-five dollars.

SECTION 3. If any person or persons shall, within the limits of the city of Winfield, ride or drive any horse or other animal at any immoderate speed, or leave any horse or other animal, attached to a vehicle, upon any road, street, alley, or avenue of said city, without being securely tied or fastened to some firmly fixed object, upon conviction, shall be fined in a sum not exceeding ten dollars.

SECTION 4. Any person, within the limits of the city of Winfield, who shall bet any money, property, or valuable thing whatever, upon any horse racing, or game of faro, roulette, billiards, cards, or upon any other game, shall upon conviction, be fined in any sum not exceeding twenty-five dollars.

SECTION 5. Every keeper or exhibitor, within the city of Winfield, of any of the tables commonly called A B C or E O tables, or faro bank, or keno, or any other gaming table of the same kind or like, under any denomination whatsoever, or whether the same be played with cards or dice, or in any other manner whatsoever, shall upon conviction, be fined in any sum not exceeding fifty dollars.

SECTION 6. Every person, within the limits of the city of Winfield, who shall set up or keep a gaming house or place where games of chance or skill are played for money or other valuable thing, or a disorderly house, or a bawdy-house or brothel, upon conviction, shall be fined in any sum not exceeding one hundred dollars.

SECTION 7. If within the limits of the city of Winfield, three or more persons shall assemble or meet together upon a common cause or quarrel, to do an unlawful act, and make any advances towards it, they shall be deemed guilty of a riot, and on conviction, shall be severally fined in a sum not exceeding fifty dollars.

SECTION 8. If within the limits of the city of Winfield, three or more persons shall do an unlawful act, with force or violence, either with or without a common cause, or quarrel, or even do a lawful act in a violent and tumultuous manner, the persons so offending shall be deemed guilty of a riot, and on conviction, shall severally be fined in a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars.

SECTION 9. In all prosecutions under this ordinance, it shall be a sufficient designation of the offense to charge it substantially in the language of the ordinance.

SECTION 10. Ordinance No. 1, and all ordinances or parts of ordinances, inconsistent with this ordinance, are hereby repealed.

SECTION 11. This ordinance shall take effect, and be in force, from and after its publication once in the Winfield COURIER.

Approved June 7th, A. D., 1875. D. A. MILLINGTON, Mayor.

J. W. CURNS, City Clerk.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 17, 1875.

T. H. Johnson and family left last Monday for Cleveland, Ohio, where they will make their future home.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Prof. H. B. Norton was presented with a gold watch and chain by the citizens of Emporia, on the eve of his departure for California.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

School District No. 77 is, according to all accounts, one of the best circumstanced of any in the county. It has a commodious schoolhouse, only three quarters sections of land mortgaged in the entire district, and that, too, with nearly all the land deeded. Where is the district that can compare with 77?

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Mr. Samuel S. Holloway, of Chillicothe, Illinois, who has been here with his son looking at the country, bought the farm of Mr. D. S. Brown's, on Badger Creek, for which he paid the sum of $2,000. Mr. Holloway expresses himself well pleased with our country. From what we have seen of Mr. Holloway, we hope he will locate with us with his family.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

President Schofield, of the Kansas City, Burlington & Santa Fe R. R. Co., writes from New York that he has made arrangements for procuring enough iron to track the road from Ottawa to Burlington. It is forty miles from Ottawa to Burlington. That road is a favorite line with Cowley County people. Its natural route is from Burlington to Eureka, and thence to Winfield.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Our readers will be pained to learn that Mr. Roseberry, member of the board of county commissioners, met with a painful accident last Monday. It appears he fell while working in the second story of his house; and striking his head against a sleeper below, fractured his skull, cutting a large gash in his scalp nine inches in length, and tearing the scalp from his head two inches back from the gash. He was taken up unconscious and his recovery is thought to be doubtful.


Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Important to Settlers.

The following is the latest from headquarters in regard to the Osage Trust and Diminished Reserve lands. Notwithstanding the hint thrown out by the Hon. Commissioner, we would advise settlers to bide their time, rather than mortgage at a ruinous interest.


Washington, D. C., May 31st, 1875.

The Receiver's letter of the 21st inst., concerning the matter of allowing entries on the Osage Trust and Diminished Reserve lands after June 23rd, 1875, has been received.

Claimants for these lands under the act of July 15th, 1870, will be allowed to make entries on due proof after June 23rd, 1875, when their settlements were initiated prior to June 23rd, 1874; and after the expiration of one year from settlement when the same was made subsequent to June 23rd, 1875, and the payment of 5 percent interest from the date when the entry should have been made, to the time of actual settlement; providing no adverse claim shall have intervened. They will, however, postpone entry beyond the legal period at their peril. S. S. BURDETT, Com.

To U. S. Land Office, Wichita, Kan.


Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

From Tisdale.

ED. COURIER: Hearing of the great excitement that the communications of "Skip" and "Rattlehead" had created in the vicinity of Tisdale, I dropped the plow and made my way on "Charger" to hear the news.

As I arrived at the post office, the mail had just arrived; and so great was the crowd that it was about impossible to find standing room inside. All at once I heard the sound, "COURIER, this way please;" and the items from Tisdale were first on hand, every man trying to find them first.

Rattlehead was not out, but Skipper had taken his place; and there I sat and listened to the great wisdom of these correspondents, and I said to myself, "If I could only write to a paper, if I could only sit like those sages and hear such flattering remarks about my productions, yes, I would be a correspondent."

But nobody knew who wrote them. Who was it? But as I had studied horseology in my time (Euclid, I meant to say), and being a profound reasoner, I said to myself, "I can find out."

And there sat three sages in the profoundest silence. Yes sir, there they are! "I gazed and I wonder, and till the wonder grew, that three small heads would carry all they knew."

As quick as thought, I procured paper and pen to write, but I could find no news.

I started for Sam Moore's and found him sick. He had been confined to his bed for a week and had not made out any papers for some time.

Jim Napier had killed his "rattlesnake" that morning.

The blacksmith had done nothing for the last hour.

John Mann had locked up and was busy hoeing his garden.

Started for Squire Foughty's, and he gravely informed me that he was going to start for Great Bend, on the Arkansas River, the 20th of June.

Bound not to be beat, I started for the news men to pick up items. I found "Skip" delivering an oration to a large crowd. "Rattlehead" was making such a noise it was impossible to get any news from him; but in the corner I saw "Skipper" busy taking notes.

Walking up to him, I said, "How do you do, Mr. Skipper."

"My name is not Skipper, sir."

"I beg your pardon, sir, but were you not the gentleman that wrote that communication published in the COURIER last week?"

Rising quietly to his feet, he drew a revolver from his pocket, and pointing straight at my eye, said:

"Call me that again and I will kill you deader than any skipper was ever killed in this world."

Here was a predicament; no news and expecting every moment to see my brains on the floor, I walked out backwards; and oh! the feeling of delight when I found myself again outside and a living man. I jumped on "Charger" and away we went. The lightning that killed that cow did not go half as fast over rolling prairie. So far had I forgotten myself that I was not aware of being near my house, until "Charger" stopped suddenly, and I went over his head and lay prostrate on the ground.

My loving frow brought out the smelling bottle, put it to my nose, and bathed my head in cold water. When I came out of my swoon, the first words I heard were:

"Oh Dan, Dan! what is the matter with you?"

"I have been trying to write for the COURIER."

"You great fool," she said, "you might have known you hadn't brains enough to write for a paper."

I slept sound all night and what was my great joy in the morning to hear that there was no news in Tisdale and "Skip" had gone to Grouse to pick up items.

Yours as ever until death, PEGLEG.


Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Swede and Cheyenne.

Sometime ago a Swede came to this city direct from his native country, but from the fact that he knew nothing of our language and could not make himself understood, his efforts to secure work were unsuccessful. Finally as a last resort he went to Fort Leavenworth and enlisted in the regular army. One day, shortly after the arrival of the Indian prisoners here, he strolled around to the guard house in which they were confined, and overhearing some of the conversation going on between the Cheyennes, was struck with the similarity between their language and his own. He entered the cell and began to talk with several, and found that he could, by talking to them in his mother tongue, make them understand.

This fact coming to the ears of Gen. Pope, that gentleman has sent on to Washington, recommending that the Swede be sent to St. Augustine, Florida, where the Indians are at present confined, to act as interpreter. Leavenworth Times.

A Swede that could not speak our language would make a poor interpreter.


Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

No-pa-wal-la is Dead.

The old settlers of Cowley remember No-pa-wal-la. He is gone. We take the following from the Coffeeville Courier.

From Jessie Morgan we learn of the death, at the Osage Agency, last Friday, of No-pa- wal-la, Chief of the Little Osage Band. He was well advanced in years, and at one time the most noted warrior of the tribe. Of late years, however, he has taken a peculiar interest in the work of Indian civilization, and proved a valuable assistant to the agents and others engaged in the work. He was respected and admired by all who knew him, both white and red, and his funeral, which took place last Saturday, was perhaps the largest ever witnessed in the Territory. His remains were taken to agent Gibson's house, where an appropriate ceremony took place. During the ceremony speeches were made by several Indian chiefs, and many were moved by the touching pathos and sensible points contained in those impromptu addresses.

The remains were deposited in the Agency Cemetery, and were followed to the grave by an immense concourse of Indians and white men.


Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Where is Boyle?

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Rev. Platter drives a new team of grays.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Ed. Evans is the new Marshal of Winfield.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

W. W. Walton returned from Boston last Saturday.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

John D. Pryor is chaplain of the "Basique Club."

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

C. C. Harris is the champion croquet player of Winfield.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Our City Clerk has a nice new sign, in front of his office.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Farmers come from Sumner County to buy machines from Sam Myton.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Anyone can afford the luxury of ice now. It costs only 3/4 of a cent per pound.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Uncle Peter G. Smith, one of Dexter's good citizens, was in town Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Ira E. Moore has invested in a herd of about fifty cows, and expects to start a dairy.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

A new livery stable has been started in Col. Quarrel's barn on Ninth Avenue. The proprietor is from Elk Falls.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Our new Marshal is superintending the building of some much needed culverts on our streets, and is having some good work done.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

W. M. Underwood, one of our subscribers, living on Grouse, was over Monday after machinery to turn loose on that big crop of wheat.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Speed and the boys have returned from Kansas City. His case was postponed again by his K. C. attorneys, a procedure rather questionable.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

The "Bazique Club" gave an ice-cream and strawberry supper at Hill's Saturday night, in honor of the return to town of two of their members. It was a n(ice) affair.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Fred Hunt, our P. O. Clerk, tried his hand at binding wheat in his father's field Monday morning. About 10 o'clock he was seen around town "looking for a man" to take his place. Two hours satisfied him.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Peter T. Walton, of Parsons, passed through here last Saturday, en route for Fort Sill and Western Texas, where he expects to buy up a herd of match ponies, and ship them East this fall. Tell Walton, his brother, went from here with him. Hope they will have success and return to the State with their "top hair" in due course of time.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

The first gathering of the new hay crop came to town this week.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

A. Menor has returned from the Black Hills. His party was turned back by the military after having their arms taken from them and their transportation burned.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

T. A. Wilkinson and E. C. Manning have been invited to address the multitude at the granger's Fourth of July celebration to be held at Little Dutch.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

There is Hungarian in the Post Office, and a few heads of rye, each measuring 7-1/4 inches in length, raised on the farm of Mrs. Fred Leighman. There are also a half dozen heads of wheat grown by Mr. Burns, living on the Walnut. It is the California May, and Kentucky Blue Stem. The Blue Stem measures plump six inches and the May five inches. It is well filled, and the field will no doubt produce 40 bushels to the acre.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

John Stalter, our sheep man, of Rock Township, sold 6,300 lbs. of unwashed wool last Monday to an Emporia firm for $2,000. His sheep averaged seven pounds or more to the head. The wool was weighed on Nates' scales, and we know whereof we speak. John has also raised 250 lambs from his flock this year, and the total cost of keeping his sheep since last December has not been one hundred dollars. Who says that raising sheep will not pay in Cowley?


Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

Attention, Company G!

In pursuance with an order from Headquarters, Co. G., of Cowley County Militia, will meet at the Courthouse in Winfield, Saturday evening, the 19th, inst., at 8 o'clock sharp, to elect officers to fill the present vacancies in said company, and to transact such other business as may possibly come before them. By order.


1st Lieut. and Acting Com.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

The Festival.

The festival of the Presbyterian and Congregationalists last Thursday night, at the Courthouse, was a very pleasant affair. Strawberries, ice cream, lemonade, and all sorts of cake in great abundance. The receipts of the evening was some $60.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.


By reference to the statement furnished by our efficient county clerk, which appears in another column, something of the extent of the incoming wheat crop may be learned. The assessors of ten of the twenty-three townships in the county have reported. They are below the average townships in wealth and cultivated acreage. From the reports we learn that the breadth of winter wheat is nearly three times what it was last year. And we know that the yield will also be greater. Hurrah for the farmers of Cowley! At twenty bushels per acre (a low estimate), these townships will yield 132,120 bushels.

Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

[Comment from Troup relative to report covering 14 Townships in Cowley County.]

"From the above it will readily be seen that notwithstanding the G. Hoppers, chinch bugs, and hard times, Cowley County has increased her wealth very materially during the last year.

"While it is true we have decreased in `personal property,' we have largely increased our `real wealth' and breadth of several crops. Upon the whole, the comparison affords no cause for alarm as to the future prospects of our county."


Winfield Courier, June 17, 1875.

An Accident.

Thos. Baker, our tonsorial artist up on the north end of Main, is the kind of a man ye local likes to see in a town. If business is dull, the farmers too busy with their crops to come to town, no row, no dog fights, no accidents to report; in fact, nothing occurring from which a man even with a fertile imagination could work into a readable local, then is the time when such men as our friend Baker turns on with something to stop the cry of the devil for "copy!"

Last Friday night in filling the gasoline lamps of his billiard hall while they were burning, the gas in the can caught fire (the most natural thing in the world), and the flames flew in every direction. Several persons rushed in, the flames were subdued in a moment, and a general conflagration nipped in the bud.

No damage done, only a little scare caused by carelessly filling a burning lamp is the verdict.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 24, 1875. Front Page.


They Arrive at Fort Leavenworth, and are Interviewed

By a Reporter.

[Leavenworth Commercial, 11th.]

Yesterday afternoon Gen. Miles called at the Commercial office and informed us that the German girls had just arrived, and we at once went up to interview them.

As already stated, there are four of them: Catherine Elizabeth, aged 18; Sophia Louisa, aged 12; Julia Ann Amanda, aged 8; and Nancy Adline, aged 6.

The family came from Georgia to Missouri in 1870, and from Missouri to Howard County, Kansas, in 1873, and in October, 1874, started for Colorado, when the father, John German, the mother, Lydia, the oldest daughter, Rebecca Jane, aged 21, the son, Stephen Wise, aged 17, and younger sister, Joanna Cleveland, were brutally killed by the Indians.

Stephen was about a mile from the wagon hunting antelope, and was chased down and murdered. Catherine was 75 or 100 yards from the wagon looking after some stock, and escaped the first massacre.

As soon as the Indians came up, they shot the father down, and killed the other three at the wagon in a few seconds; then rushed off and dispatched Stephen.

The four girls were captured, and as already stated, the two little ones were left on the prairie to perish when the savages were hotly pursued by the soldiers, but were fortunately found by the troops and cared for.

Catherine and Sophia were compelled, as previously reported, to ride upon ponies at a fearful rate, and in bad weather, to escape the troops in pursuit. They were treated very roughly, and had nothing to eat much of the time but raw buffalo meat without salt. Catherine was forced to cut wood and carry it for fires, etc., and when she did not do the work fast enough, the squaws would beat her. Most of the squaws were rough and cruel; but a few of them were kind and protected the girls whenever they could. The men never struck them; and they were never outraged by the chief or any other Indian, as was reported by sensational reporters at first. We are happy to relieve the story of their captivity of this horrible feature.

Mr. Cleveland, the agent's clerk, came up with the girls from the Cheyenne Agency. They expect to return to Lawrence shortly. They appear to be without a home or a definite purpose in life; but are now kindly cared for by those under whose care they are placed for the time. They deserve all the kindness and consideration which can be bestowed upon them.


Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

Mr. J. C. Fuller showed us a letter, which he received from his brother at Chicago. Mr. Fuller had been sent out by the Chicago board of trade to look after the wheat prospect in the states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Iowa. Upon his return he reports that in the sections visited by him, the wheat crop was never better.


Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.


The following letter, as will readily be seen, was written by Col. J. M. Alexander of this place to the Leavenworth Times, from which we clip it.


Editor Times: I write, because I think that the people of that portion of the state which has lately suffered from the locusts, will feel refreshed on learning that other portions of the country are extraordinarily blessed with good and abundant crops. The inhabitants of this section of Kansas are exultant over their prospects. An extensive acreage of wheat was sown in this, and adjoining counties, last fall; and now, the eye of the traveler becomes almost wearied at gazing over so vast an area of wavy golden grain, about ready for the reaper, and which is expected to yield an average of 25 bushels to the acre.

My friend, Mr. Frazier, of the celebrated Occidental Hotel in Wichita, in riding from that city to this, a distance of 45 miles, counted 169 wheat and rye fields on his way.

Our farmers are beginning to catch the inspiration of the true and noble science of agriculture, and are becoming laudably ambitious. Hundreds of acres of sod are being turned over this season for an extended wheat and rye culture; and if the corn crop follows with proportional exuberance, this land will soon teem with wealth.

The opinion that I have heretofore expressed that, this (Cowley) county is superior in beauty and landscape, in her area of forests, in her numerous, clear, and copiously running brooks, and in her fertility of soil, to any county in the state, I am more than ever confirmed in. And such I believe will be the candid judgment of everyone who becomes versed in the geography of the state. Nor is the population inferior in average intelligence and accomplishments to that of the elder counties.

Last night I attended a strawberry and ice-cream festival at the courthouse given by the Presbyterian and Congregational churches; and there I met as intelligent gentlemen and as accomplished ladiesas recherche in mode, save the costliness in apparelas I have witnessed in far older and larger cities. It is true, the absence of wealth forbade any particular attention to the elegant arts of Pompadour and Maintenon, in matter of wardrobe; but I may say in truth, and without intending invidiousness, that Miss M. and Miss G., late teachers in Winfield; Miss S., late from Virginia; Miss H., late from Mississippi, and others had I time to name them, were as graceful and lovable young ladies as any critical gentleman would wish to meet.

Almost everyone I meet inquires anxiously after the condition of Col. Anthony. I find a deep-seated feeling prevailing in the country that a great wrong has been done his case; and even those who never knew the Colonel personally, appear to feel an unusual anxiety for his recovery.

J. M. A.


Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

We have a new "devil."

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

Many prospectors in town.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

The Cornet Band has been resurrected.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

Ed. Evans is pushing along the work on the streets.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

A. T. Shenneman was elected captain of the militia.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

The militiamen held a meeting last Saturday night.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

C. C. Harris and Frank Lutz paid Oxford a visit last week.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

The stone work has been commenced on Col. Manning's new building.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

Some cows that were running at large last Sunday night destroyed Mrs. Winner's garden.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

T. A. Blanchard, Esq., has returned from the Black Hills to await the opening of that Territory.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

Valley View Cemetery contains six new graves. Mr. Moore has nearly surrounded the grounds with shade trees.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

There are one hundred and six wheat fields along the road from Winfield to Wichita, a distance of forty-two miles.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

We call special attention to D. Rodocker's card, in another column. All wishing photographs would do well to give him a call.


All work done in the latest and most artistic style. Satisfaction guaranteed. Gallery opposite Valley House, Winfield, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

Singing school every Tuesday night at the Methodist Church.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

Mr. Manning has moved the body of his deceased wife to Valley View Cemetery and erected a beautiful monument over the last resting place of the dear departed.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

Cowley County takes its name from Mathew Cowley, First Lieutenant Co. I., 9th Kansas Cavalry, who died in the service at Little Rock, Ark., August 1864.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

H. B. Lacy is the kind of a man we like. He thinks of the wants of the poor abused, oppressed printers of this office and brings us a bountiful supply of ice every morning. Accept our thanks, H. B.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

While Shenneman was trying the speed of his mustang in the Northeast part of town last Saturday, it became unruly and succeeded in running on a pile of stone containing about nineteen cords, and then capped the thing off by jumping sideways through a crack in Bedilion's fence, without damaging anythingexcept the fence.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

On the 2nd of July, at Thomasville, there will be given a dance and supper, to which all are invited.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

Lost. A bunch of keys last Tuesday morning. The finder will confer a favor by leaving them at the Winfield Post Office. H. N. BANNER.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

Lost. Mrs. W. B. Doty lost a nice summer shawl last Thursday night one week ago at the festival held at the Courthouse. It is evident that some other lady took it by mistake, as she left one in place of it. The shawl may be left at the livery stable of Darrah & Doty, or at this office, where the owner can get it.

Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

Basket Meeting. There will be a Basket Meeting in connection with the second Quarterly Meeting of Winfield charge held in Mr. Scoles' grove one-half mile south of Little Dutch schoolhouse, commencing on next Saturday, June 26th, at 2 o'clock, and preaching at 3 o'clock. Love feast at 9-1/2 o'clock and preaching at 11 a.m., and 5 p.m. Children meeting at 8 o'clock on Sabbath. All are invited and a good time is expected.


Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.


Notice is hereby given that the Board of County Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas, will meet at the office of the County Clerk of said county on Monday the 5th day of July, A. D., 1875, at 10 o'clock a.m., of said day, for the purpose of equalizing the assessment of the Real Property of said county. All persons feeling themselves aggrieved with the assessment will please meet the Board at the time and place mentioned, and have such corrections made, as equity and justice may demand.

M. G. TROUP, County Clerk.


Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

Statistics of Dexter Township.


Males: 226. Females: 184. Total: 415.

Taxable Property.

Real Estate: $46,940. Personal: $14,207. Total: $61,147.

Growing Crops.

Acres of Winter Wheat: 1,513.

Acres of Corn: 1,806.


Horses and Mules: 202.

Cattle: 587.

Sheep: 145.

Hogs: 516.

Rods of fence.

Stone: 1,833.

Rail: 3,860.

Board: 1,822.

Hedge: 4,660.

Total: 12,175.

H. C. McDORNAN, Assessor.


Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.


SILVER CREEK, June 18th, 1875.

Crop prospects: corn is looking well. Will average three feet high. A number of our farmers are going through their corn the third time.

We notice Messrs. Luck and Kempton have entered the harvest fields with their reaper. They cut the wheat on Mr. Kempton's farm on the 16th, and are now cutting forty acres belonging to Gildhouse, Miller, and May.

Wheat is good. We hear no complaints of chinch bugs.

We are informed that the Stout brothers, in the Northwest part of the township, have thirty acres, which promises a large yield.

No grasshoppers doing any damage.

We notice John Cunningham and the Fitzgerald brothers are turning over prairie and quite lively this summer. We claim them as among our most industrious and worthy young men.

Miss Kate Fitzgerald teaches the school in the southeast district of this township, and her school is highly spoken of.

And now last, but not least, I will tell your readers what I have done this summer in the poultry business. Starvation and wolves left me four hens and one turkey hen to start with. I now have fifty young chickens and fifteen wide-a-wake little turkeys, which proved a terror to the hoppers and a blessing to their owner's garden. If any have done better than this, please let us hear from them through the COURIER. M. A. M.


Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

Lazette News.

Farmers report an abundance of weeds this spring, and some few pieces of corn have been surrendered to them. In general the corn is doing well, but needs rain.

Some few fields of grain were cut last week, but the great raid on the wheat will be made this week. The crop promises to be all that could be wished.

Joseph Lumt reports a fine lot of wool from his sheep. A friendly wolf took lunch with him a few days ago, and only two sheep were required to meet the bill of fare.

Jacob Moser recently received a similar visit, though turkey was the principal dish called for by the guest.

Rev. Mr. Swarts held services in the schoolhouse last Sabbath.

Judge T. H. Johnson and wife visited friends in Grouse Valley, a few days before their departure for the East.

Cowley County's accommodating Sheriff called on some of his friends in this neighbor- hood last week. Dick always makes a sensation when he drops in to see his friends.

Amos Walton, of the Plow and Anvil, was in town last week, making a short visit for business and pleasure.

Charley Phenis has completed his work as assessor. So far as can be judged, he was entirely successful in enrolling the odds and ends left by the chinch bugs and hoppers of last summer.

There will be an effort made next Sunday to organize a Union Sabbath School at Lazette. All interested are invited to attend.

A traveler from the far west put in an appearance not long since, accompanied by a full representation of prairie dogs, owls, and rattlesnakes. No charge was made for a visit to his menagerie. He moved off toward the northeast, evidently in search of Barnum's great show.

Mr. T. M. Platts has been occupying his new house for some time.

Mr. Batrom has commenced work on his lots and dwelling house.

The hot weather has driven our citizens to raid upon the ice houses, and ice cream is the only dose that will bring relief.

Preparations are being made for a celebration on the 4th, at Jones' grove, south of Lazette.

Doctor Hood, formerly of this place, arrived with his family last week. They are from Greenwood County.

Fred Ward and John Smiley turned out forty-three hundred feet of lumber one day last week.

On the 19tth inst. Reason Treadway was bitten on the right hand by a copperhead.

Trains of emigrants still continue to pass through Lazette, going to Arizona, Montana, and elsewhere in the far west.

Rev. Mr. Thomas, of Winfield, preached at the Armstrong schoolhouse on the 13th, and at Baltimore on the 20th inst.

Rev. Mr. Swarts will administer the ordinance of baptism to several parties on Sabbath next.


Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

Patrons of Husbandry.

National Lecturer Thompson will be in Winfield July 29th next. The programme will be announced after the next meeting of the District Grange. It is desired by the Executive Committee of the Kansas State Grange, that each Grange in the several counties send the Executive member of their District, the name and number of Grange, its post office address, name of Master and Secretary, and their post office address, by July 10th.


Member Ex. Com. K. S. Grange.


Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

Recap: Jarvis writes about local affairs at Fandon, Illinois, in letter dated June 14, 1875, and requests a renewal of his subscription.


Winfield Courier, June 24, 1875.

Frank Gallotti wants another Indian war since he is Quartermaster Sergeant of company "G."

At the meeting held by Company "G," last Saturday night, A. T. Shenneman was elected Captain, W. M. Boyer, 1st Lieut.; and J. E. Saint, 1st Sergeant. 2nd Lieut. Webb gave notice of his intention to resign, and Wirt W. Walton was recommended to fill the vacancy.


Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

New Flour. J. P. Woodyard purchased 300 bushels of wheat of A. A. Newman last week, at ninety cents per bushel, and will grind it this week.

Sale. Cass and Sam Endicott sold their cattle last week to Mead, of Wichita, for $20 per head, numbering fifty-one head. They were large and fat.


Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.


Hon. John J. Ingalls honored Winfield last Saturday with a visit. In company with Hon. M. M. Murdock, he arrived here about one hour before sundown from Arkansas City, having entered the county on the west at Oxford. Immediately upon his arrival, our citizens began calling upon him. He was taken in a carriage around the town to the places of interest, and out upon the mound east of the village he obtained, as he said, "one of the most enchanting views his eyes ever beheld."

Upon his return at dusk, callers continued to flock about him to form his acquaintance and do him honor. Finally so many citizens expressed a desire to hear some public declara- tion of his sentiments upon affairs of state and nation, the assembly was called to order by nominating Mayor Millington as chairman and the Senator spoke for a half hour or more, pleasantly, forcibly, and decidedly upon matters of interest to southwestern Kansas.

His compliments to our crops, soil, climate, and enterprising people were very flattering. He pledged himself unequivocally to aid in every possible way in opening railroad communi cation direct south through the Territory to the gulf. He spoke frankly and fully against the present Indian policy, whereby a barrier to commerce and national intercourse was being established to the south of us. He repudiated the present Quaker Indian policy, and avowed his purpose to withhold no efforts in attempting its overthrow and the establishment of a territorial government in the Indian Territory. He especially deprecated the effort now being made by the administration to transfer 40,000 Sioux from the north to the fair lands of the Territory south of us.

His opinions and purposes were heartily applauded, and his hearers felt that they had a man truly in sympathy with them as a representative in the councils of the nation. He assured his audience of a desire to become acquainted with their wants and necessities, and invited communications and information upon all important questions.

The social intercourse was kept up until a late hour.

On Sunday morning the Senator departed for Wichita, more than well pleased with his visit, our people, and our country.

It was the first visit either he or Mr. Murdock ever made to this section of the country, and they pronounced the region over which they had traveled the garden of the state.

By his short visit here, the Senator made many friends and won the confidence and esteem of all who met him.


Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

From Tisdale.

TISDALE, KANSAS, June 25th, 1875.

Ed. Millard had a fight with a bull a few days ago. The bull came out first, striking Ed. under the arm and upsetting him, and beat him out the first round. He has got his arm out of the sling now and reports himself better.

Rev. Koons, of this place, found one of his horses dead last Sabbath morningsupposed to be struck by lightning.

A son of Mr. Perkins living three and a half miles southwest of Tisdale was bit by a rattlesnake last Wednesday morning. Dr. Thomas reports the boy better.

A heavy rain fell here yesterday, drenching the ground completely. The farmers are happy.

George Foughty, reports say, will start for Great Bend, on the Arkansas, next Monday.



Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

We had a pleasant call from Mr. T. M. James, of Floral, who has just returned from a trip to Missouri. Mr. James informs us that in the counties of Saline, Henry, Bates, Jackson, Missouri, and Johnson, Miami, Lyon, Anderson, and Franklin, Kansas, the grasshoppers have left nothing. In the portion of Missouri traversed by our informant, especially, the destitution is very great, they having raised little or nothing, last year, on account of the drouth. He says that in many cases the destitute are driven to such desperation that they actually watch the travelers and steal all they can. Mr. James had part of a load of shelled corn, and, on several occasions, narrowly escaped having it taken from him by forceso desperate were some of the people.


Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

News from the Black Hills.

The scientific exploring party sent out by the government report the following.

Gold in large quantities and of good quality has been discovered in Custer's Gulch, on French Creek, and along this stream for a distance of upward of seven miles toward the source.

Since my latest advices sent to you at Chicago from the expedition of explorations, the plans of the scientific corps have been entirely changed, and Camp Jenney, on the east fork of Beaver Creek, has ceased to be the permanent point from which investigation radiates. We were to have been through the hills on Tuesday, June 9th, but were delayed.

Colonel Dodge, with three cavalry companies as a military escort, left Camp Jenney for the purpose of locating a permanent camp in some available place in the vicinity of Harney's Peak. The command marched almost due north along Beaver Creek, then northeast, when, at the end of the second day's march, Custer's trail was struck in the midst of snow and rain. That officer's line of march was pursued in a southeasterly direction along Castle Creek, where


were discovered.

The event induced Prof. Jenney, of the scientific corps, to remain in Castle Creek Valley for three days in order to prospect, a cavalry company being left with them. The place at which the geologists camped is located 1,400 feet east of the 104th meridian, and was named Camp Tuttle. With the remainder of the command, Colonel Dodge proceeded in a southeast erly direction until Custer's Peak was reached, and last Monday camp was reached on Custer's Gulch, and in close contiguity to the stockade built by the miners whom Captain Mix brought out of the hills this spring. On General Custer's cavalry camp ground prospects were speedily made, and


of gold that was a fine quality. This was done in the presence of your correspondent. The gold fever spread so rapidly that there was hardly one in the command who had not seen and panned out gold color from these placers or gulch mines. About Camp Harney for a distance of seven miles there are scattered along French Creek four different mining parties, numbering twenty-five men, that have taken up claims, from all of which good color has been panned. There are also


which promise rich returns, but the greatest stress should be placed on the gulch gold diggings. When gold was discovered the scientists were at Camp Tuttle, and only arrived here yesterday afternoon. They were somewhat astonished at the discovery. It is intended to make this the permanent camp, where the command will remain until the return of the supply train from Laramie.


Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

C. B. Graves, of Neosho Falls, has received a letter from Wichita stating that one of the four men hung by "Vigilantes" at Wellington, Kansas, was Tom Cook, of Woodson County, and a widow of Sumner County has written to Peter Bell, stating that Tom's body was at her house. Kansas City Times.

The young man mentioned above as having been hung is well known in this county, and has several friends and relations living on Timber Creek. We hope that the rumor will prove a canard.


Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Dispatches from the frontier state that large parties of Sioux, Cheyennes, and Arapahos started on the warpath lately. The objective points are thought to be the Pawnee, Ponca, Ute, and Shoshone agencies, which have been warned of the impending raids. It is believed by men well posted in savage ways that the Sioux and other hostile tribes are preparing for a gigantic Indian war, and that the government will have to decide which course it will pursueprotect the peaceful tribes and the settlers, or leave them to their fate and keep miners out of the Black Hills. The troops are not strong enough to do both.


Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Cliff Wood has five acres of tip-top millet.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Dr. Houx is fixing up a nice dental office one door south of C. A. Bliss'.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

They have commenced work on Main street at last. That's business.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Hon. James McDermott is to make the oration at Lazette next Saturday.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

The Good Templars here now number over sixty persons, with new accessions every night.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Doty has sold out his interest in the livery barn on Main street to Mr. Wilson, of Elk Falls.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

We noticed Thos. H. Henderson and E. B. Green, of Pleasant Valley Township on our streets last Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Big times are expected at Little Dutch next Saturday. Col. Manning and Professor Wilkinson are the orators.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Charley Way, a printer in this office, will spend his "fourth and fifteen cents" at Augusta, where he has relatives.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

C. A. Bliss and I. E. Moore, our millers, are making negotiations to furnish the agencies and others south of us with flour.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Who wrote that order for a gallon of beer and signed Sheriff Walker's name to it? That's what Dick wants to find out too.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

A grand ball will be given at the Courthouse in Winfield Monday evening July 5th. Good music will be in attendance.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

The 4th of July occurs on the 3rd and 5th this year.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

George Morris has some silk worms that came from Gallotti's silk orchard. They are spinning cocoons now and are quite a curiosity.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Mrs. Vandever and daughter, of Taylorville, Illinois, are visiting friends in this countty. They are stopping at present with our friend, Joel Vandever, of Pleasant Valley Township.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

There will be a Grand Basket Picnic at Kennedy's grove in Beaver Township Saturday the 3rd. Everyone is invited to take a full basket and enjoy their own hospitality.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

That corn stalk, "big as a tree," ten feet high when pulled, that Senator Ingalls mentioned in his speech, is standing in the Post Office. Granger Manning raised it; and it's a whopper!

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

There is hanging in the Post Office a potato of this year's growth, which was raised on the farm of A. Menor, just south of town, and weighs within a fraction of a pound, and is sound to the core.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Henry W. Cook, senior member of an extensive law firm of Wyandotte and Kansas City, passed through here last Sunday en route for the Osage Agency, to attend to business concerning a cattle lawsuit.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Mr. S. L. Brettun and family, who have been visiting Charlie Black, of this place, left for their home in Illinois last Monday morning. Burt Crapster went with them, and will attend college there this summer.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

H. O. Meigs, one of the old residents of Cowley County, came over from Dexter last Saturday, where he is building a fine stone steam mill. The mill will have two run of burrs, and will commence work by the first of August.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Winfield may have an electroplate showing the town, valley, and surroundings published in the next Kansas Agricultural Report, provided her citizens foot the bill. The cost of the artist's visit, who takes the view, and the plate and other expenses, will amount to ninety dollars. The plate after being used in the report will be the property of the city, and can be used for letterheads, display cards, etc. Who will raise the necessary ninety?

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Dog Notice. Notice is hereby given to owners of dogs upon which the tax has not been paid, that all dogs will be shot, when found without the tax tag upon them, on and after the 1st day of July. ED. EVANS, Marshall.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

D. S. Brown has bought the Jos. C. Roberts farm, and is not going to leave Cowley by any means. He sold his farm to Mr. Holloway, of Chillicothe, Illinois, for $2,000, and now pays $1,700 for one in the same school district. Tally one for Brown.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Col. E. C. Manning will orate about the "glorious 99th anniversary of American Independence" at Little Dutch, and Mr. Amos Walton will worry the tail feathers of the proud bird of liberty at Arkansas City on the 4th. Winfield furnishes two orators! Hip! hip!!

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Capt. Shenneman, Frank Lutz, and C. C. Harris started to Ft. Sill last Saturday to attend the government sale of ponies to be held there on the 5th of July. Considering the number of buyers going there, we think there will be about one pony, and a half mule for each person.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Fish oil is not kept at the Post Office, or "garden truck" bought. Persons having a surplus of the latter can trade it for the Plow and Anvil. Traveler.

We are sorry for you, Scott. Amos will think you are poking fun at him, and of all things, he can neither stand nor understand is a joke.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Miss Melville's sister, Emma, is complimented by the Emporia News, on an essay read before the Normal school last week, of which she is a new graduate. Marion county Record.

Miss Emma is also a sister of Miss Anna Melville, late teacher in our public school here.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Our defunct Frontier B. B. Club received an invitation to attend a grand base ball tournament at Wichita next Monday. Twelve different clubs are expected to be present, and take part in the great national game, and extensive preparations are being made for their reception. A big dance in the evening will be one of the features of the occasion.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

Mr. A. G. Wilson, late of Elk Falls, has bought out Mr. Doty's interest in the livery stable of Darrah & Doty. Mr. Wilson comes well recommended as a first-class liveryman, and we know that Sam. Darrah has few superiors in that line. They have now one of the largest and most complete livery establishments south of Emporia, and all who patronize them will be fairly and liberally dealt with.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

From a private letter from Cheyenne, of the 19th inst., we learn that the Arapahos and Cheyennes have gone out on a big buffalo hunt, but as they were accompanied by a body of Uncle Sam's cavalry, they will do no harm. What a fine Indian policy this Quaker peace- making business is! Every time an Indian wants to go on a buffalo (?) hunt, he has to have a couple of bayonets at his side to prevent him from stealing into the state and murdering some defenseless settler or cattle herder along the border.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

We were shown the other day at the St. Nicholas Restaurant a monster head of lettuce. It was raised by Mr. J. W. Thomas, of Tisdale, from seed sent out by the Agricultural Department last winter. It was as large as an ordinary cabbage head with stock as thick as a man's wrist. Mr. Thomas informs us that all the seeds obtained from the Agricultural Department have produced the largest and best of anything ever brought to this country. Keep sending, Uncle Sam, Cowley County soil and Cowley County farmers are just what can test your seeds to your entire satisfaction.

Winfield Courier, July 1, 1875.

The following is a list of the names registered at the Lagonda House, Saturday the 26th inst.

Hon. John J. Ingalls, Atchison, Kansas.

Hon. M. M. Murdock, Wichita, Kansas.

Hon. H. W. Cook, Wyandotte, Kansas.

W. H. Kingsberry, Wyandotte, Kansas.

Robt. Jeff, Emporia, Kansas.

B. H. Tisdale, Lawrence, Kansas.

C. D. Murphy, Cedarvale, Kansas.

W. H. Gibbs, Arkansas City, Kansas

L. Hyde, Arkansas City, Kansas.

Jas. A. Simpson, Arkansas City, Kansas

B. Shriver, County.

C. Krow, County.

Geo. N. Byers, Kansas City, Missouri.

Phillip Farmington, Iowa.

H. C. Fisher, Rock Creek, Kentucky.

A. T. Shenneman, Ft. Sill, Indian Territory.

G. A. Haight, Ft. Sill, Indian Territory.

Geo. Shryack, Ft. Sill, Indian Territory.

[Skipped Cowley County Delinquent Tax List given in July 8, July 15, July 22, and July 29 issues of Winfield Courier.]


Winfield Courier, July 8, 1875.


OFFICE OF A. C. S., FT. RILEY, KANSAS, June 24th, 1875.

M. S. ROSEBERRY, Esq., Arkansas City.

DEAR SIR: I have the honor to inform you that I have this day shipped for your county (Cowley) 21,590 rations of shoulders, corn-meal and beans, also one sack of coffee. Please have teams on readiness, and notify the people to come in promptly so that there will be no delay in issuing.

41,021 pounds to haul.

E. SMITH, U. S. C.


WINFIELD, COWLEY CO., KAN., July 1st, 1875.


DEAR SIR: Your letter of the 24th ult., addressed to Mr. Roseberry stating that you had shipped for this (Cowley) county 21,590 rations of shoulders, corn-meal, etc., is received.

Last autumn our people sowed a very large area in wheata bounteous harvest has just been gatheredthreshing has been commenced, and this week the mills are converting the new grain into flour. The gardens are now yielding plenteously. The pasturage is excellent, and the milch cows are contributing liberally to the sustenance of the people. Corn and other late crops were never more promising at this season of the year. Where but a few months ago was destitution now is sufficiency with prospects of abundance.

The people of this county are grateful for the timely aid furnished them in their extremity, both by private bounty and the government; and no longer require assistance from abroad. We cannot in honor and good conscience receive these rations (although appropriated to us when threatened with starvation) now, while our present needs are supplied from our fields and the future is so full of promise. Indeed, to accept this gift of the government under these circumstances and in view of the further fact that a considerable portion of our country has been again devastated by grasshoppers, which thus far this year have done us no injury, would be an infamy to which the people of Cowley County have not yet fallen.

We therefore decline to accept the rations, 41,021 pounds, and ask that they be distributed among those in want, whose field this year, as last, have been made desolate.

Very Respectfully, County Committee, Cowley Co., Kansas.



Winfield Courier, July 15, 1875.

No railroad mail on Mondays now-a-days.

Winfield Courier, July 15, 1875.

Biggest rain in four years: Monday and Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, July 15, 1875.

E. B. Kager and wife are visiting friends in Missouri.

Winfield Courier, July 15, 1875.

Mr. Elijah Cravens, of Osage Mission, agent for Garr Scott & Co. threshing machines, called on us Monday. He has sold two of these popular machines in this county.

Winfield Courier, July 15, 1875.

Capt. R. E. Mansfield, head clerk of U. S. mail route from Louisville to Nashville, Tennessee, has been spending a week in our midst on a visit to his father, Dr. Mansfield, of our city. He is well pleased with our beautiful country. He returned to his home last Wednesday.

Winfield Courier, July 15, 1875.

Some gentleman at Hutchinson has been appointed Brig. Gen. of the militia in this southwest district, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the removal of Gen. McMillen from the state. Hutchinson is the seat of the military, judicial, and congressional power in the southwest. Wichita and Emporia will have to look out.

Winfield Courier, July 15, 1875.

Two articles were printed re incorporation of the St. Louis, Osage City & Walnut Valley R. R. Co. Articles specify that the road is to run from Osage City to the South Line of the State, traversing the counties of Osage, Lyon, Chase, and Butler.

Among the directors: Robert Milliken, of Cowley County.

Winfield Courier, July 15, 1875.

County Clerk M. G. Troup showed the following in lengthy report of County Com- missioners' Proceedings held July 12, 1875:

Total amount claimed: $4,241.21

Total amount allowed: $3,625.78


Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

A New Feature.

By an arrangement with T. A. Wilkinson, County Agent, P. of H., we this week begin a new feature in the columns of the COURIER. Professor Wilkinson will have charge of from one to two columns each week, which he will conduct in the special interest of the farmers of Cowley County, and particularly in the interest of the Patrons of Husbandry. We do this simply because we know the interests of the farmers of Cowley is our interest, and Prof. Wilkinson's ability to conduct that department. We certainly hope it may be received by the farmers of the county in the same spirit in which it is given.

[Article in this issue skipped. Told farmers what they should or should not do to make money.]



Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Roasting ears have come.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Wheat is selling at 75 cents.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

The pony fever is raging in town

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

The Black Hills business is fizzling out.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Lynn & Co. have issued an advertising paper.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Wheat is selling from $1.30 to $1.56 in St. Louis.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

William T. Estus is the new postmaster at Silver Dale.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

"Amanda," a contributor to the Plow and Anvil, is a "he."

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Wagon loads of plums in the market selling at three dollars per bushel.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Ex-Gov. S. J. Crawford and L. B. Kellogg, late of Arkansas City, have formed a law partnership at Emporia.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

A brother of Phillip Stump, our miller at Bliss', has come on from Ohio and will help him through the wheat campaign this fall.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

B. F. Peacock, of the Arkansas City mills, and B. F. Smith, a merchant of Oxford, called on the COURIER boys this week.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Squire Boyer bought two of last summer's colts for five year old ponies. Will you drive them through to the centennial, W. M.?

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Capt. Shenneman and the boys returned from Ft. Sill. They brought up some nice ponies, but had to pay all they were worth for them.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Mrs. I. N. Ripley, of Iowa, recently well-known here as Miss Mollie Millspaugh, is down visiting her relatives and friends in this vicinity.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Southern Colorado has had no rain for the past two months till last Sunday, and the whole country is flooded and much damage has been done.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

We saw Frank Lutz and thirty-four other men and boys watching one of those Comanchee ponies last Tuesday and wondering what it would do next.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Uncle Isaac wants more wood to cut, and says he may be found three times a day at the southeast corner of the northwest quarter of the Lagonda House dining-room.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Sam Phoenix, one of the jolly farmers of Richland Township, was in town Monday. He reports no wheat damaged in that part of the county in consequence of late rains.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Tell W. and Peter Walton passed through town yesterday with a herd of match ponies. They had some very fine ones. Tell amused the boys awhile by lassoing and riding the wildest.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Saturday night a violent wind and thunderstorm passed over town, completely demolishing an unfinished building belonging to Johnnie Read, and one chimney of the Courthouse.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

We noticed Hon. James McDermott and Messrs. Harden and Hines, of Dexter, C. R. Mitchell of the City, McD. Stapleton of Lazette, and J. R. Musgrove of South Haven, in town yesterday.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

The Winfield school will commence in the September with Prof. A. B. Lemmon as principal, Miss Jennie Greenlee in charge of the intermediate department, and Miss Ada Millington the primary.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Old friends of Mrs. J. O. Houx are pleased to see her back here once more. We knew that she and "Doc" could no better afford to do without Winfield than Winfield could do without them.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Ingalls and Osborn are working hand in hand in the effort to change the Indian policy of the Administration. Harvey is looking over the top of a roasting ear after some other fellow to turn out of office.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

It took 147,200 pieces of type to set up the tax list as printed in our paper last week. These pieces lying end and end would reach a distance of 12,266 feet, or from the Courthouse to thebrewery and back again.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

The faces of our M. D.'s are now wreathed in smiles in consequence of the decomposi tion of the luxuriant vegetation, and the resultant miasmatic gases arising therefrom. Or in other words, the ague season is coming on.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

What has become of our street commissioner? They say there are weeds growing along the sidewalk on 10th Avenue that a horse couldn't pull, and that the citizens down there cross the street by swinging from the top of them.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Fred Hunt is clerking at Black's. Wilber Dever at Green's. Robert Deming at Myton's, and Billy Hudson at Yerger's. That's right, boys; stick to it and it will make men of you. A. T. Stewart and old man Vanderbilt used to be clerks.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Mr. O. F. McKim, of Decatur, Illinois, has taken up his abode with us and will soon hang out his shingle as an attorney at law. Though a stranger among us, his appearance and gentle manly bearing are all in his favor, and we wish him success.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Mr. Amos Walton, editor of the Plow and Anvil, started for Douglass County last Monday, to be gone about twenty days. Charlie McIntire will hold the plow and Tom Copeland will sit on the anvil till he returns. The paper shows marked improvement already.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

We neglected to call attention to the new lumber advertisement of W. H. H. Maris last week. Mr. Maris keeps the largest and best stock in the county, and those in need of lumber should examine his stock and prices before purchasing. Rest assured you will be fairly dealt with.








Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

E. B. Kager has the biggest turnip in Cowley County. It measures 32 inches in circum- ference, and weighs 4½ pounds. He also has a radish that measures six inches across the top and it ain't done growing either. How's that, you peanut raisers of the "great Arkansas Valley?"

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Serviss & Merydith have commenced threshing wheat in the vicinity of Dexter. They threshed twenty-two acres of upland wheat for Mr. H. L. Laplin which averaged fourteen bushels per acre, and one hundred and thirty acres for Mr. R. S. Wells which averaged thirty- five bushels per acre.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Geo. Melville and several others on Posey Creek sent a cargo of unthreshed wheat down to Ft. Smith via the Walnut & Arkansas rivers. If they get good returns from it, they may try it again. They weren't quite ready to send it, but Posey came along on a "high," so they let it go.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Mr. H. B. Lacy delivers nice crystal ice every morning and evening to the desiring. He never skips ye printer or anyone else that leaves an order with him. His team may not make "the fastest time on record," but it is quiet and honest, never frightens, never runs away, and is always on time.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

On the principle of "better late than never," we tender thanks to Mrs. Benedict, Mrs. Sipes, and Mr. Will. Mowry, of Arkansas City, for courtesies received while at their place on July 3rd, and for genuine old-fashioned hospitality. We recommend the citizens of Arkansas City and vicinity as par excellence at all times.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

"Ikie Bordie," is the name of the new club organized by the young ladies of town in opposition to the young men's "Bazique Club." We learn they have five cents in the treasury and are now trying to "strike a dividend." Don't undertake the solution of that problem, girls. Buy chewing gum with it and then dividend that.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

We call special attention to the new advertisement of Cedar Grove Nursery, at Olathe, Kansas. They have a large assortment of the best varieties of fruits, flowers, climbers, and shade trees. Judge H. D. Gans, of this city, is agent for this nursery and all who may desire to purchase anything in this line will profit by purchasing of him.




Wm. GANS, Proprietor.

Make Home Beautiful.

One Million Hedge Plants for Sale.


An Experience of Fifteen Years in the Fruit Growing and Nursery Business in Kansas, together with facts gathered from the experience of others, convince me that the following varieties of apples are those best adapted to the soil and climate of Kansas, and are the earliest bearers ever introduced into this State. We have for sale

50,000 Apple Trees From One to Three Years Old.


(Fall and Winter)

Mo. Pippin, New York Pippin, Rand Pippin, Florence Bellflower, Yellow Bellflower, McAppee Nonsuch, W. W. Paremane, Willow Twig, Rome Beauty, Baile's Sweet, Golden Sweet, Big Romanite, Pound Apple, Pennsylvania Red Streak and Maiden Blush, Swaar, Rambo, Porter, Janiton, Johnathan, Winesap, Wagoner, Janitor.


Summer Queen, Earley Harvest, Summer Pennock, and Red June.


I have many varieties other than those named, but the man who wants apples in Kansas should have in his orchard some of those mentioned above.




Flemish Beauty, Duchesse de Angouleme, Osborn Summer, and other varieties.


Cherries, Dwarf Service Berry, Grapes, Currants, Blackberries, Gooseberries, and Raspberries.




After a trial of eight years, I pronounce this the best of the many different kinds, including Wilson's Albany, Russells, and others. In eight years it has not failed to give me a fair yield. Every family should have some of the plants.


Mammoth Pie Plant, Flowering Shrubs, Flowering Plants, Rose, Running Roses, Climbers, evergreens and

Shade Trees.

All of which I offer for sale on the most reasonable terms. Will take Corn, Wheat, and Cattle at the market price for the same at time of delivery in exchange, or will sell on short time.

WILLIAM GANS, Proprietor.

H. D. GANS, Agent, Winfield, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

As will be seen in another column, Mrs. Martha A. Richmond sues for a divorce from Charles W. Richmond, and prays the court to grant her alimony (or all his money) and the privilege of taking up her old name of Martha A. Lappan. We suppose if the court grant her petition, she will go round Lappa(o)n up some other member of the sterner sex.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

To the person bringing us the largest watermelon this season, we will send the COURIER one whole year free.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

John Manly threshed 7-1/2 acres of Wheat last Friday that measured fifty-two bushels of clean wheat heaped measure to the acre. It was the big May variety and was sown the 5th of September. Two bushels per acre was the seed.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Attention, Sir Knights!

There will be a meeting of the "Bazique Club" at the Bachelor rooms over Read's bank on Friday evening next, for the purpose of electing officers for the ensuing year and transacting such other business as may properly come before them. Sir Knights will govern themselves accordingly.

By order of the


Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Wanted Every One to Know

That Jackson & Hill have the largest stock of candies in Winfield, and that they keep the best Five Cent Cigars in town. You can get a good glass of Soda for a Nickel, or a glass of Lemonade that will make you feel good all over for a dime. They keep their Ice Cream parlor open every night, and always keep plenty of Lemons on hand, with which to make Lemonade with. Remember the St. Nicholas is still kept by


Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

The Festival.

The Congregational festival at the courthouse last Thursday evening was well attended. The tables over which Mrs. Howland and Mrs. Wait presided were well patronized, and we think the ladies at the other end of the hall had no reason to complain as we noticed the frank and open countenances of Prof. Lemmon and the senior editor of the COURIER up there the greater part of the evening. A lemonade stand from behind which Misses Manley and Powers handed out the cooling beverage and took in the nickels was a feature of the evening. Several old fashioned songs were sung by an impromptu "glee club," and everybody seemed to enjoy themselves.


Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

City Council Proceedings, July 19, 1875.

Present: D. A. Millington, Mayor; N. M. Powers, M. G. Troup, and C. C. Black, Councilmen; B. F. Baldwin, City Clerk.

The following bills were presented, referred to the finance Committee, and reported favorably on by them, and duly approved and ordered paid.

Bill of Z. T. Swigart, services as Marshal, 7 days, ending June 7th: $5.90.

Bill of E. R. Evans, services as Marshal, 23 days, ending July 1st: $19.10.

Bill of S. H. Myton, fixtures for public well: $2.70.

Bill of Ge. Gray; removing dead dogs: $1.00.

Bill of Bert Covert, boarding prisoners, referred to the finance committee at a previous meeting, reported favorably and ordered paid: $5.55.

Bills of W. M. Boyer, fees as Police Judge in two cases of City of Winfield vs. W. Q. Mansfield, and one City of Winfield vs. Seymour Tarrant, were referred to finance committee.

Bond of E. R. Evans, as Marshal of the City of Winfield, was duly approved by the Council.

On motion Council adjourned. B. F. BALDWIN, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

One on "Dick."

By way of retaliation the boys are circulating a good joke on Dick Walker this week. It is well known, far and wide, that he has an unusual sized understanding (he wears boots numbered somewhere away up in the teens), and that he never fails to embellish a joke when it passes through his hands.

While at the picnic on the 3rd, at Arkansas City, he stood leaning against a tree, with his feet extended, listening to the sweet music of the Beethoven Society, perfectly unconscious of his surroundings. While standing thereunobserved by hima young couple from Bolton Township came along, and, as they supposed, took a seat on a log under this same tree. The music stopped, and Dick, for the first time, noticed them. But as they were chatting merrily, he thought he wouldn't disturb them, till the conversation took a turn where he thought, "Two is company, and three a crowd." So he modestly suggested that he was "sorry, he didn't like to disturb them, but the fact was Harter wanted to see him over there by the lemonade stand."

The young man said nothing, but his sweetheart allowed "He (Dick) could go as nobody was holden him." "Well," said Dick, at the same time bowing gracefully with the upper part of himself, "I can't, you see, as you are sitting on my left foot." It is needless to say that they moved, and rather suddenly too; and as they passed round the speaker's stand, the girl was heard to remark, "Well! That must be that sheriff Dick Walker, of Winfield, for nobody else has such feet outside of a museum."


Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

TO RENT by R. B. Waite, the Tansey Farm, near town, 50 acres wheat ground; also Isaac Silver's Farm, 16 acres under cultivation.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

FOLLOW THE CROWD to J. B. Lynn & Co.'s for Black Alpacas and summer dress goods.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

SHIRTS 50 Cents, Linen Pants 90 Cents, Coats $1.00, Suits from $6.00 to $25.00, at Requa's Clothing House.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

GO TO George Miller's and get some of that corned beef.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

IF YOU WANT nice juicy, fresh beef, get it at George Miller's. He has the best refrigerator this side of Emporia, and his meats are always cool and fresh.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

WANTED. To exchange a medium sized mule for a larger one. The difference paid in cash. For particulars apply to Pryor & Kager, or at this office.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

A FEW THOUSAND choice 2 year old Hedge plants for sale. Inquire at this office.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

GRAHAM FLOUR at C. A. Bliss & Co.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

CORN & WHEAT taken in exchange for goods at C. A. Bliss & Co.'s.

Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.

Rates Reduced. MONEY to loan for one, two, and five years, by Curns & Manser.


Winfield Courier, July 22, 1875.


E. S. BEDILION, Clerk of District Court.

Pryor & Kager, Plaintiff's Attorneys.


Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Farmer Will Allison sends us in a giant stalk of Japan wheat raised on his farm three miles southeast of town. It is over six feet high, has ten joints, and the head is thirteen inches. He only sowed a small amount to see what it would do and is so well pleased that he intends sowing more next year. It very much resembles hungarian grass and like it, is only good for feed.

Mr. Fairbank handed us a cucumber curiosity last Monday. W. C. Hayden of Nennescah Township raised it. It has been named "The Mutual Friend." Three perfect and well formed cucumbers all clinging to one little stem suggested the idea.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Prof. H. B. Norton in an excellent letter from California comparing Kansas thereto said the following.

To sum the thing up: Kansas has the best soil, and the most arable land; the best summer climate; abundant grass and coal.

California has the best winter climate, and a good supply of timber, but no coal. Kansas is the best agricultural state.

The wealth of California has come from a wise use of capital and labor. The poverty of Kansas has been developed by insane speculation, and a general disregard of the conditions needful to success.

Kansas has better facilities for irrigation than California, but everything in California is raised by irrigation.

[Notice from County Supt. Wilkinson to Cowley County Teachers.]

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

To the Teachers of Cowley County.

We have arranged with Prof. E. W. Hulse, of Arkansas City, and Prof. A. B. Lemmon, of Winfield, to assist in organizing and conducting a Teachers' Normal school, of four weeks, during the month of August next. We desire to learn immediately the names of all teachers who will enroll themselves as members. Arrangements will be made to secure reasonable rates of board and lodging. A small tuition fee will be charged to cover incidental expenses, but the enterprise is not calculated to make money and will be carried out on the strictest principles of economy. The school will close with an examination for teachers who desire to teach the coming fall and winter. All depends on the number of applicants who report their names within the next ten days. Teachers will see the necessity of being prompt in joining us in this praiseworthy enterprise. T. A. WILKINSON, County Supt.


Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Indian Affairs.

By request of Mr. Berkey, of Arkansas City, on the 14th of this month we wrote Mr. Enoch Hoag, inquiring whether it would be any violation to existing government regulations of Indian Affairs to sell flour or wheat at the intermediate points along the Arkansas River in the territory should flat boating prove successful down said river. The following letter is an answer to ours.



LAWRENCE, KAN., July 22, 1875.

T. A. WILKINSON, Supt. Pub. Instruction, Winfield, Kansas.

I am in receipt of the communication of 14th instant, inquiring whether the sale of wheat and flour along the Arkansas River, in the Indian Territory at points where the demand and price would be sufficient to induce such sale, would be any violation of Government regulations, etc.

In reply I have to call thy attention to the 2nd section of the "Intercourse Law," the first clause of which I quote, to-wit:

"That no person shall be permitted to trade with any of the Indians (in the Indian country), without a license therefor from a Superintendent of Indian Affairs, or Indian Agent, or Sub Agent," etc.

Section 4 says: "And be it further enacted, That any person, other than an Indian, who shall attempt to reside in the Indian country as a trader, or to introduce goods, or to trade therein without such license, shall forfeit all merchandise offered for sale to the Indians or found in his possession, and shall moreover forfeit and pay the sum of five hundred dollars."

I am of the opinion that the traffic proposed would be a violation of the foregoing, and perhaps other clauses of the "Intercourse Law." Very Respectfully, ENOCH HOAG, Supt.



Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

A Harvest Ball at the Courthouse tonight. All are invited to attend.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

The Band are giving us some nice music.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Oscar Morris is building an addition to his residence on Tenth Avenue.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

A little child of J. B. Lynn's was bitten by a copper-head snake last Sunday.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. James Kelly, on the 23rd inst., a son, weight 11-1/4 pounds.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

To W. L. Mullen, our jolly groceryman, we extend our thanks for a big watermelon.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Dr. Maggard of Oxford came over and shook hands with us yesterday. He reports it distressingly healthy on the Arkansas.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Rev. J. H. Roberts preached at the Brane schoolhouse six miles below town last Sunday and Rev. Platter preached to an unusually large audience at the Courthouse at the same hour.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Mr. I. N. Ury and mother, of Ft. Scott, are here visiting O. N. Morris and family. Mrs. Ury expresses herself as well pleased with our town and thinks she will locate here permanently so as to be near her daughter, Mrs. Morris.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Excelsior School District.

Singing meeting at the schoolhouse Friday evening, to practice Sunday school songs. Remember and come.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Chop Feed.

Ten thousand, more or less, Grangers in town today.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Mr. and Mrs. Black and baby Esq. started on a visit to Leavenworth yesterday.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

99 men, women, and children were watching the dam, mill, and bridge west of town MondayMore rainA drouth did you say?And still another rain!

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Did you see that "eye" of Kelly's? The new boy kicked him.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Muddy roads, something new for Cowley.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Maris and Baldwin invoicing.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Buckboard stopped running this week; high water the cause.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

W. H. Walker, Will Mowry, and H. P. Farrar all visited the county seat since our last issue.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

More fun at the Courthouse: a "horned toad" this time with Gans and Bedilion as chief mourners!

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Grasshoppers vs. Small Frys on old Frontier ball ground today.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Criminal court case commenced in District Court.

Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Candidates buttonholeing and cigar men happy.


Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Our Senior Editor.

He came in Friday morning with a paregoric smell about his clothes, swinging his old ten cent straw hat and smiling serenely. He sat down and hastily knocked off a quarter column leader, headed "Duties of Parents to their Children," took it over to the foreman's case and said, "Young man, on your honor, if you ever expect to have anyone call you father, just set that up in first class style and charge it to me." Then he waltzed about the room a couple of times, sat himself down on the paste-pot, whirled it round and round all the time murmuring, "Eureka," "Eureka." He was restless, kind of uneasy like, he couldn't sit nor stand still, and we didn't know what was the matter with him. Some said hydrophobia, others thought it an ordinary "high," but no one could tell. He only staid a few moments, laid us to run the COURIER in the interest of the republican party and the post office for the benefit of self and government for that day, then started down 9th Avenue towards home saying, "Hurrah! It's a boy, weighs 11-1/4 pounds and looks just like its father."


Winfield Courier, July 29, 1875.

Crazy Man.

Tolles was his name, Dan Tolles, he said, and he was from Beaver Creek, in the southeast corner of the county. He had run all the way from the state lineon a hair line. The Osage Indians had killed his brother, Sam Tolles, and he, Dan Tolles, had killed as many of them as they had of him and the remainder of them pursued, fired at, and tried to kill him again, but he had out winded `em and give them the slip, and now he wanted to raise a company of men (Capt. Shenneman and his militia company would do if he couldn't get boys and private citizens enough) to go down and massacre these cruel savages, recover the body of his brother, and stop them in their murderous work.

The above we caught from the hurried and excited conversation of a travel-soiled, hair- disheveled, badly frightened, crazy looking individual who suddenly appeared on our streets last Thursday.

We thought at the time the man was crazy and our surmises have since been proved to be correct. From Mr. Wm. Bartlow, of town, we learn that last Thursday morning while coming home from his mill on Grouse Creek, he was overtaken by this same man, who was at the time terribly excited. He said the Indians were just behind him and were trying to kill him. He wanted Mr. Bartlow to hide him. Mr. Bartlow thinking there might be some truth in the statement, hurriedly helped him into his wagon, covered him up with some blankets, and drove on. Soon, however, he came to a place where the road was new, being in doubt, got out and went ahead to reconnoiter. Returning in a few moments to his team, he saw this strange man jump from the wagon, and on seeing him, started off down the hill at breakneck speed, screaming at every jump, and he only stopped, as we suppose, when he reached our city as above described.

From parties living in the neighborhood we learn that there have been no Indians except a few begging Kaws down there since the Indian war and that this man Tolles must actually be crazy. He left town Friday and we have heard nothing of him since.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, August 5, 1875.

The Wellington Press says:

"The Osage Indians who have been collecting toll from the Texas cattle herds on the trail near Skeleton Creek, have been attacked and dispersed by United States cavalry. The Indians fled in confusion, their camp and equipage in possession of the soldiers. This will probably stop their depredations for some time to come."


Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

Hot - 104 and no breeze yesterday.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

Hon. T. R. Bryan in town yesterday.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

246 letters left the Winfield P. O. Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

Mr. R. C. Story, of Lazette, was in town last week.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

Big stalk of corn at P. O. Raised by Titus15 footer.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

The Lagonda has a new sign. Prof. T. J. Jones was the artist.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

Mr. Newt. Ury and mother left for their home in Fort Scott yesterday morning.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

John E. Allen has returned and has settled down to the practice of law and croquet again.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

Bread from new corn is the latest arrival except Charlie McIntire at the Valley House.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

W. M. Boyer has some spicy novels and magazines now. They got wet crossing Bitter Creek.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

Winfield has a new dentist in the person of Dr. W. C. Hare of Kansas City; a young man, who comes well recommended. We wish him success.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

John Cottingham lost fifteen acres of wheat by the Timber Creek flood last week.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

W. B. Norman, postmaster at Redbud, called in one day last week. He reports everything flourishing in Maple Township.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

Vinnie B. Beckett is foreman of the Burlington, Iowa, Hawk-Eye, and Arthur H. Hane is at work on the Kansas Farmerboth old friends, and late attaches of this office.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

Frank Gallotti, the GRAND KHEDHIVE of the "Bazique Club," gave a royal supper at the St. Nicholas last Friday night to its members, it being the anniversary of his birthday.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

Charley Way, an attache of this office, has been on the sick list for several days, and has been confined to his bed most of the time. He is recovering rapidly and will be out in a few days.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

E. P. Kinne, of Arkansas City, finished threshing last Monday night at 11 o'clock. One piece of wheat, upon which only eighteen bushels of seed was sown, threshed out five hundred and twenty bushels.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

From a private letter to Mr. Frank Baldwin, we learn that our esteemed fellow townsman, Johnathan Newman, is lying very dangerously ill at Cherry Vale. There seems to be little chance for his recovery.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

The most dilapidated thing "barrin'" in the reform party in Cowley County today, is the fair ground fence and buildings below town. Not less than fifteen thousand feet of lumber have been maliciously, feloniously, or otherwise, been carried away from there the present year. It's a burning shame, and our lumber men should rise up in their might and scoop the agricultural society in. They need never expect to sell their lumber when the choicest pine can be got for the taking.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

Hon. T. R. Bryan, of Dexter, came to town one day last week with a grist, which he says is the last that he will be obliged to bring here, for the new steam grist mill at Dexter will be running soon. The proprietors will use Cowley County coal for fuel.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

Today (Wednesday) we go up to Maple Township to make a survey for Mr. Daniel Haynes and others. J. D. Cochran (weight 240 and strikes a ton) has kindly consented to do our fighting till we return.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

W. H. Walker, familiarly known as "Old Dad" of the city, is responsible for saying that the Arkansas City Town Company cuts a watermelon every afternoon, and call up all the boys to a three cent treat, and that sunflowers grow as large as trees in the rear of the postoffice.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

As will be seen in another column, the firm of Maris & Baldwin have dissolved partnership. B. Frank will go it alone now. He deserves additional patronage for this new venture, and we are sure the public will give it to him. This has been one of the best drug firms in our city, and if it were not that one of the firm still remains, we would be loth to chronicle any change.

[Notice did not appear until August 26, 1875, issue.]

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

"It never rains but it pours." Mr. Kelly now has another Post Office. Floral, nine miles up Timber Creek, has been discontinued as "unnecessary," and all the business will be done at this office. This will be somewhat inconvenient for our Floral friends, but considering the irregular manner in which they have received their mail for the past six months, it may be the best in the long run.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

John Easton, our gunsmith, is not only a good workman in that line, but he can do you a good job on your broken sewing machines, apple parers, cherry seed pickers, or anything else that requires skill or patience.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

J. W. Thomas, the champion vegetable producer of Cowley, the man who raised those enormous lettuces, that whoppin' cabbage, that awful onion, and those immense beets, placed us under obligations by handing us some fine peaches Tuesday morning.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

The teams that went to Wichita after W. H. H. Marris' lumber were four days making the trip. They were compelled to pontoon and corduroy Bitter, Dog, and Dry creeks with the lumber off their wagons. A more dirt-begrimed, weary-looking set of individuals, judging from the appearance of the wagon bosses, Mell. Graham and Mr. Bartlett, would be hard to find.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

Notice to Builders.

The Building Committee of the Presbyterian Church, at Winfield, will receive bids for laying the stone foundation of the Church building according to the plans and specifications in the hands of the Clerk of said Committee, at Winfield. All bids must be in writing and handed to said Committee, on or before 8 o'clock p.m., August 10th, 1875. The Committee reserve the right to reject any part or all of any or all bids.

By order of the Committee. E. B. KAGER, Clerk.

Winfield Courier, August 5, 1875.

Items from the Traveler.

It was a noticeable fact that the best number of the Plow and Anvil was issued during Amos' visit at Lawrence.

The toll for grinding is one-fifth of both wheat and corn.

The COURIER issued an extra last week. Enterprise.

It costs $100 to freight one car load of lumber from Wichita to Arkansas City, and the experiment of rafting it down the Arkansas is to be tested soon. It is estimated that it can be brought down on the river for fifteen dollars per car load.

Skipped County Treasurer's Quarterly Statement up to July 1, 1875, as well as School District Tax Fund and Bond Tax Fund, in this issue.


Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

The miners are ordered out of the Black Hills in dead earnest this time by the Government. Two companies of cavalry and one of infantry are now en route, to carry into effect this order in case of opposition.


Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

The Government has at last found a practical solution of the vexed Indian question. The President insists on placing the Sioux tribe, numbering some 40,000 in the Territory just south of Kansas, notwithstanding the manly protest of Governor Osborn. If this be done, then the Indian question is speedily settled. There are not troops enough in the United States to keep these rascally Sioux on their reservation. Friend Enoch can't keep a handful of peaceable Kaws at home, then what is he to do with 40,000 wild, war like, scalp-lifting Sioux? These Indians take to theft and plunder as naturally as a duck takes to water, and in order to find something to steal they must come over into Kansas, or cross to Missouri, Arkansas, or Texas. In either case, their doom is sealed. The war of extermination begins, and does anyone doubt the result? Of course not. Seventy-five thousand people on the Kansas border alone, each man a regular half-dozen Buffalo Bill's when his goods, say nothing of his hair, is the prize, will soon put the last redskin on his way to the happy hunting grounds.


Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

The prices of wheat quoted in St. Louis are such as should assure our farmers fair prices for their surplus. The best quality, which means a perfect berry, and perfectly cleaned, was quoted on the 14th at $1.56. The next grade, which corresponds to the most of what is called good wheat, was quoted at $1.31 and $1.32. These are good figures which should give our farmers more than a dollar a bushel for wheat.

Bro. A. T. Stewart, Director for Cowley County, in the Patrons Commercial Agency at Wichita, informs us that the Agency is ready to receive and ship wheat as soon as the farmers are satisfied it has passed through the sweat.

Those about to ship will make money by cleaning it, and putting it in a marketable condition. Brother Stewart also says Cowley County, the second largest producing county in the organization, has subscribed the least amount of stock in the Association. This should not be so. It is to be hoped that each Subordinate Grange will subscribe to five shares of stock ($5.00 each), payable one dollar per month until paid, on each share.

Subscribe at once, and help the enterprise, and more especiallyyourselves, and prove your ability to do your own shipping and business.

Send subscription to Bro. A. T. Stewart, or T. A. Wilkinson, Winfield, Kansas.


Mr. T. A. Wilkinson,

DEAR SIR: Will you please inform me through the COURIER, of next week, what variety of wheat yields the best, and stood the winter best? I would like to get wheat that yields well, and stands the winter well. I read in the COURIER that "John Manly threshed 7-1/2 acres of wheat that measured 52 bushels of clean wheat, heaped measure, to the acre." The wheat was the Big May, and sown two bushels to the acre. Will you find out its correct ness, and let me know. If the statement is correct, I would like to get some of that variety of wheat. Yours Truly, J. S. BAKER, Vernon Township.


The above letter reached us too late to answer all questions this time. In regard to the wheat raised on Mr. Manly's place, Mr. William Storm, the gentleman who worked the farm, says he has measured the ground accurately and knows the statement to be true. The Big May wheat was the kind raised.


Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Charlie Way is on his pegs once more.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Leon Lippmann is able to be around again.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Capt. Shenneman is cultivating a mustache.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

The Dexter mail comes in occasionally in a two horse wagon.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Dr. Mansfield has the most beautiful flower garden in the city.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Old Bender has been caught again. This time near Salmon City, Idaho Territory.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Rev. Father Shurz will hold service in Winfield on Sunday morning, the 15th inst.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Our small boys have organized a base ball club. The "Stars" is their brilliant appellative.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Prof. Lemmon and Will. C. Robinson are to be masters of ceremonies at the singing school.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Mr. Isaac T. Morris and family, of Tecumseh, Shawnee County, are down visiting the Morris brothers of this city.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Jimmie Simpson came very near being drowned while attempting to cross the Walnut River six miles above here last Thursday.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

The many friends of M. L. Read, Esq., will be glad to learn that he is recovering from his sickness and will be able to be about soon.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

DIED. Just as we go to press we learn the sad news of Mr. Johnathan Newman's death. He died at Cherryvale, Sunday morning.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Thanks to Mr. Vandeventer for a 22 pound watermelon.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Judge R. B. Saffold started Sunday morning on a trip to Galveston, Texas. He will visit friends in Georgia and other southern states before he returns.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

D. Rodocker, our popular photographer, will take wheat, corn, flour, or wood, in exchange for work.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Saint has accomplished the difficult task of driving a two horse team four miles and back without using his hands. Further more, deponent sayeth not.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

MARRIED. On the evening of the 3rd last, at the residence of the bride's father, near Dexter, by the Rev. P. G. Smith, Mr. John C. Armstrong to Miss Mary Hite. All of Cowley County.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

There will be a match game of Base Ball between the Star club, of this city, and the "Hot- Brick-bats," of the country, next Saturday evening at the Frontier grounds. Both are junior clubs.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

On last Sunday evening Miss Florence Prater was thrown violently from a moving wagon, and severely injured. Dr. Austin was called out, and reports no bones broken, but several bad bruises and a severe shock of the nervous system.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Horneman and Willitt have been having another difficulty up at Little Dutch. Horneman is trying to prevent a nephew of Willitt's from returning to his guardianship, and Willitt is angry about it. Revolvers, shot-guns, and loud talk was part of the programme.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Charlie Smith, of Vernon, hauled his wheat to Wichita last week and got $1.10 per bushel for it. He ain't one of the common Smiths, but a live Yankee from "Vairmount," always up, if not ahead of the times. He has one of the best improved farms in the Arkansas Valley.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

That wasn't an immigrant train that came in late Saturday night from the south. That old wagon sheet had under it Tom. Lowry, Tom. Copeland, Will. Slemmons, and Add Powers, and we don't know how many more. They had been out to the picnic, and were taking advantage of the moon.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

The County Treasurers elected this fall will not take possession of their office till the second Tuesday in October of next year. The present Treasurers will hold till the first of July, 1876, and the County Boards will make appointments to fill the vacancies which will exist from July to October.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

The Indians will hold a grand "Indian Inter-National Fair" on the 15th, 16th, and 17th, at Muskogee, on the M. K. & T. R. R., while the Osages, only a hundred miles west, will keep right on bagging cattle drovers as they pass up and down the trail. The one will not conflict with the others in the least.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

A. Read Robinson, traveling man for Henry W. King & Co. clothing house, Chicago, has been visiting his brother and other relatives here. Will C. has been introducing us to his "brothers" until we have lost all count, and if it were not that the last is always an improvement, we'd say "dis was about blayed oudt."

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Mr. Taylor, of Chillicothe, Ohio, is out on a visit to this place. His nephew, Platter, is showing him around the country, trying to find a good breathing place for him, a task rather difficult when we consider his avoirdupois, which is two hundred and fifty. Like every good sensible Ohioan, he is well pleased with our country.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

An old-fashioned Sunday-school picnic was held at Kennedy's grove last Saturday. The farmers stopped their work, and with their families went out and spent a gala day feasting and fanning themselves. Outside of the grove we doubt whether there were enough people left in Vernon or Beaver townships to run a threshing machine.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Will S. Paul, with his tooth-brush and collar box, arrived at the Lagonda Saturday evening, looking as "natural as life." He comes down to attend to business intimately connected with thirty-six percent mortgages, Register of Deeds office, and the District Court. Be careful, young man, that some young lady don't foreclose a long-time mortgage on you.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

DIED. In this city on the 7th inst., of dysentery, Ira, only son of Mr. and Mrs. M. G. Troup.

DIED. On the 10th last, Frank, eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. Perry Hill, aged 5 years, 2 months, and 23 days.

They have crossed the rolling river,

Clinging close to Jesus hand;

Crossed the surging, rolling river,

Over to the Angel land.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

The copartnership heretofore existing, under the firm name of A. H. Gibson & Co., has been dissolved. I have opened a lady's furnishing store three doors south of Read's Bank, where I will keep constantly on hand a full supply of lady's wear of every description. Thankful to my many friends for their past favor, I hope to continue their patronage.


Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Perhaps it is not so widely known as it ought to be, that Messrs. Moore & Searles are engaged in the manufacture of cheese, but such is the fact. Mr. Searles informs us that this county is superior for milk, butter, and cheese, to the far-famed dairy region of New York. Their cheese is a good article, and should be used entirely by our merchants and people.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

And now we learn that Tell W. Walton has been struck by lightning. What with shooting himself, being thrown from Comanche ponies, arrested by the U. S. soldiers, writing for the Plow and Anvil and now being struck by lightning, all within six months, we begin to think that boy can stand anything. He was a brother of ours before he wrote for the above mentioned machine shop.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

During the present month five hundred prominent businessmen from the northern part of Illinois will visit this state. The A. T. & S. F. R. R. will give them the use of their road to excurt on, and the towns along the line will trot out their usual number of reception committees. Wichita will no doubt set out ham and eggs to these distinguished gentlemen, and feed her own citizens oat-meal gruel for the next six months to make it up. The Eagle man will then draw up his belt to suit his rations and give us sixteen more columns of "what they say about us."

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Dr. Austin got badly lost last Saturday night in coming home from Mr. Prater's. It was very dark and slightly raining. He found two roads, the front and rear end of one we suppose, about every ten minutes, and always took the right one, but that of course was the wrong one. After wandering round, as he supposed some length of time, he came to a house, aroused the sleeping occupants, and found to his astonishment that he was in Winfield, only a few steps from home, and hadn't been lost at all. His horse had taken the straight road and come directly home.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.


To Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Klingman and their fair and accomplished daughter, Miss Allie, for their kind and generous treatment and well appreciated hospitality to their visitors of last Tuesday evening: Will S. Paul, Miss Kate Millington, A. B. Lemmon, Clara L. Flint, Jno. D. Pryor, Jennie Greenlee, O. F. Boyle, Annie Melville, Will C. Robinson, Ella Silvers, J. E. Saint, May Deming, D. Frank Baldwin, Ada Millington, James Simpson, W. W. Walton, and Miss Dollie Morris. They desire to express their sincere thanks. May they live long, enjoy life, and always be as happy as were their visitors of last Tuesday evening, is the wish of their friends enumerated above.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.


WINFIELD, KANSAS, August 9th, 1875.

I hereby forbid anyone trusting my wife, Francis R. Hudson, on my account, as I will not pay any debts of her contracting. ROBERT HUDSON.


Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Ice Cream Festival.

The ladies of School District No. 9 will hold an Ice Cream Festival at the Excelsior Schoolhouse, two miles below town, on Tuesday evening, August 17th. Everybody is very cordially invited to attend. The proceeds to be used for benevolent purposes. Come one, come all.


Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

A Normal Institute

Begins at Winfield, August 17th inst., continuing three weeks.


Incidental Fee: $2.50.

Boarding per week: $3.50.

Rooms can be rented cheap, in which Teachers can board themselves.

The Board of Examiners have determined to raise the grade of Certificates, and offer this opportunity for Teachers to improve themselves. In connection with the Institute, Prof. Hulse and Mr. Wilkinson will conduct a Musical Convention. A tuition fee of $1. will be charged. The Convention to close with a concert.

Committee: T. A. WILKINSON, Co. Supt., A. B. LEMMON, E. W. HULSE.


Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.


Inquire at the Blacksmith Shop of


Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

FOUR DOLLAR PANTS for $3.00 and shirts at cost, to make room for a new stock to be here in a few days at Requa's Clothing House.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

WHEAT TAKEN AT W. L. Mullen's in exchange for goods.

Winfield Courier, August 12, 1875.

Mr. Ira E. Moore is now prepared to furnish the city with milk. All those who wish it delivered at their residence can leave their orders at the Post Office.


Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.

The Southwestern Kansas papers are running over with the St. Louis, Osage City & Walnut Valley Railroad, a projected thoroughfare from Osage City to Arkansas City. Superior Township, Osage County, is to vote on the proposition on the 16th inst., to issue eighteen thousand dollars thereto, providing work "in good faith" shall be commenced in that county in six months.

Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.

We were highly pleased to receive a visit last Saturday from Gen. L. F. Ross and Dr. R. A. Saunders, of Avon, Illinois. They have been looking around through the country with a view to start a cattle ranch. They are both gentlemen of means and experience and would be quite an addition to the already good community here, could they be induced to settle. They expressed themselves as highly pleased with Cowley County, as is everybody who comes here with an eye to business.


Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.


The following is a list of the teachers in attendance at the Normal Institute, now in session at this place.

James Tull, Lazette.

Z. Foster, Red Bud.

Belle Seibert, Winfield.

Rachael Nauman, Winfield.

Ella Davis, New Salem.

Harvey Thomas, Winfield.

John M. Reed, Winfield.

Xisa Cowles, Arkansas City.

Ada Millington, Winfield.

Amy Chapin, Winfield.

Lettie Smith, Dexter.

Amy Robertson, Winfield.

Celia Taplin, Dexter.

J. T. Tarbet, Rock.

L. C. Furner, Nenescah.

Ettie Fowler, Little Dutch.

Mary Stansberry, Winfield.

Mary Houston, Little Dutch.

L. Graham, Winfield.

We publish this list for the purpose of showing to the different school boards who the teachers are that have the interest of our public schools at heart.

They have come here for the purpose of getting thoroughly informed as to the best modes of teaching. They are devoting their whole time to this work, and we predict that Cowley County will have a better grade of teachers in consequence thereof. If the school boards do their duty, they will make a note of this and take it into consideration when they come to employ teachers this fall.


Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.

Mr. Shenneman is still selling ponies.

Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.

Oats are selling at 20 cents per bushel.

Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.

Considerable sickness in the neighborhood, mostly of a bilious nature.

Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.

99 candidates for Register of Deeds, and all afraid to announce the fact to the public.

Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.

Mr. Joel P. Vandever last week threshed two hundred bushels of wheat, grown upon five acres of ground.

Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.

The friends of Rev. J. E. Platter, who have been visiting him, left for their home in Ohio Tuesday morning.

Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.

Capt. J. S. Hunt has sold his right to the Johnson farm to Will. Doty, who will cut and put up about three hundred tons of hay.

Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.

The mosquitoes on Joe Stansberry's farm are unusually large and fierce.

Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.

Mr. J. B. Fairbank started yesterday morning on a visit to his old home in Massachusetts.

Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.

Mr. Enoch Maris has moved to Eldorado to open up a lumber yard.

Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.

The approaches to the Timber Creek Bridge, just north of town, are in a terrible condi- tion. It is unsafe to attempt to drive over this bridge as it is now. The Road Supervisor should attend to it at once, and while he is at it, he might go and fix up the one west of town, as it is but little better.


Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.

Adelphi Lodge Resolutions.


August 13th, A. L. 5,875.

At a special Communication held on the 13th inst., the following was adopted.

WHEREAS, In the dispensation of an All-wise and Overruling Providence, the families of our worthy brothers, M. G. Troup and Perry Hill, have been afflicted by the death of each of their eldest children since our last Communication; and while we submit with becoming christian resignation to the decree of an All-wise God; yet had it been agreeable to His Divine Will, we would that they could have been spared this great trial.

Resolved, That we tender to the bereaved brethren and their families our sincere, christian and brotherly sympathy, and our humble and fervent prayers to God that they may be sustained in this, their hour of trial.



Note: A similar resolution was done by Lodge August 13, 1875, for Jonathan Newman, brother (and chaplain). They resolved to wear badges of mourning for 30 days.


Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.

Notice of Final Settlement.


Winfield Courier, August 19, 1875.



Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

The Sioux Indians have unanimously resolved not to treat away the Black Hills country.

Three or four thousand Indians are expected to attend a grand council at Red Cloud shortly.

The miners in the Black Hills are most all leaving in obedience to military orders. They report rich mines.

Mrs. Abraham Lincoln has so far recovered from insanity as to be restored from the asylum to the care of her friends.


Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

Arthur Hane has journeyed to St. Louis.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

They have revived the old game of "Smut" in Winfield.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

Musical Institute three nights each week at the Courthouse.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

A wagon load of apples in town Saturday.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

The first veterinary surgeon ever seen in this county came along last Saturday.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

One day last week Wichita shipped north on the railroad ten tons of watermelons.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

Capt. Hunt is wrestling with the ague.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

Jim Hill keeps the "Senator Ingalls" cigar. They are as good as the name would imply.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

The first invoice of new corn sold on the street this week at twenty-five cents per bushel.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

The Frontier Juniors have been challenged again by the Grasshoppers of Vernon Township.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

Will Paul cripples morewatermelons than any sportsman in Winfield, when he goes hunting.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

Miss Sadie, and her sister, Mary Webb, of Topeka, are down visiting their brother, L. J. Webb, of this place.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

CHILD DIED. Charlie Black has returned from Leavenworth. His friends were pained to learn of the death of his little child during his absence.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

Joe Sherburne, one of Arkansas City's leading merchants, passed through town Monday, en route for the cold Cape Cod country.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

Our friend, A. T. Stewart, received a premium on his splendid sample of wheat sent to the board of Centennial Managers at Topeka.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

Mr. Holmes, the wheat raiser of Rock Township, threshed over six thousand bushels of wheat of his own raising, averaging twenty-five bushels to the acre.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

The viewers reported favorably on the change in the Wichita and Winfield State Road, as petitioned by W. L. Mullen et al. Joe Carter was awarded ten dollars damage.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

Eight more County Roads to survey before the 5th of September. Uncle Amos can have it all his own way till we return. We will pay him up then, and it won't be in silver, either.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

Mr. V. R. Bartlett has received a letter from Kansas City, saying that samples of wheat sent by him were the best seen in Kansas City this year. Add one more laurel to Cowley's wreath.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

The annual school meeting in this district held on the 12th inst., levied six mills tax for teachers' wages, and two mills for incidental fund. This provides for nine months' school, beginning in September with three teachers.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

DIED. On the morning of the 24th inst., the infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, aged ten days.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

The Winfield Public School will reopen September 6th, 1875. During the fall term


will be sustained, which will offer superior advantages to all who wish to fit themselves for the teacher's work.

Non-resident students will be received on paying tuition fee as follows:

Normal and High School Dept., per month: $2.00.

Intermediate Department, per month: $1.25.

Primary Department, per month: $1.00

Good boarding can be secured at from $3.50 to $5.00 per week; or by renting rooms and boarding themselves, the expense can be reduced to $1.50 per week.

For further information, apply to ALLEN B. LEMMON, Principal.

Or G. S. MANSER, District Clerk.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

We visited the schoolhouse yesterday, and watched with interest the workings of the Institute now in session there. We have not the space to notice it as it deserves. It is strictly speaking, a high grade Normal school. The teachers are the pupils; and Professors Wilkinson, Hulse, and Lemmon, the faculty. The programme for each day is prepared in advance, and followed out to the letter. The afternoons are devoted entirely to study. We witnessed the exercises in English grammar and geography, and like their methods of instruction. To teachers who are "waiting to see how it will turn out," we would say, come immediately, enroll your name, get down to square work, and you will be well paid for your trouble.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

Take Notice.

All persons knowing themselves indebted to J. B. Lynn & Co. are requested to call and settle before September 5th. A word to the wise is sufficient. J. B. LYNN & CO.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.


Would hereby respectfully announce that he is a candidate for the Office of Sheriff, of Cowley County, Kansas, subject to a decision of the voters of said county, as represented in the Convention of the Independent Reform Party.

Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.


There will be a Teachers Examination held at Winfield Friday and Saturday, Sept. 3rd and 4th, 1875. A Teachers Normal Institute is now in session, and all teachers are requested to attend the last week of said Institute, which closes Thursday, September 2nd. There will be no other examination this fall, except for teachers absent from the county or sick when said examination is held. T. A. WILKINSON, County Superintendent.


Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.


DIED. August 22nd, at the residence of his son, C. C. Pierce, near Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas, Elisha Pierce, in the 76th year of his age.

Father Pierce was born in Pennsylvania, removed to Ohio, and from thence to Desmoine, Iowa, where he resided for 25 years. We are informed that Father Pierce and his estimable companion were very acceptable members of the M. E. church during their residence at Desmoine; but after the death of Mrs. Pierce, he removed to Kansas, and being an invalid and living some distance from any organized church, he lost his church membership; but we trust not his religion.

His death was sudden, but he has gone to his reward, where the wicked cease from troubling and the weary are at rest.

May the great head of the church have compassion on the children and the friends of the diseased, and this dispensation of God's providence lead them all to the Lamb of God that taketh away the sins of the world. J. McQUISTON, Pastor.


Winfield Courier, August 26, 1875.

Dissolution Notice.

The partnership heretofore existing between Maris & Baldwin is this day dissolved by mutual consentMr. Maris retiring from the business. All parties indebted to the firm will please call and settle at once, which they can do by calling on either of the old firm.


Winfield, Kansas, August 2nd, 1875.


Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Cowley County, away down here on the Indian border, is running over with peace and plenty. Her crops were so abundant, the days so delightful, the nights so delicious, her people happy and contented, that indeed:

"If there's peace to be found in the world,

A heart that was humble, might hope for it here!"

The rivalries existing between the beautiful towns of Winfield and Arkansas City have long since subsided, and the most perfect good will now prevails. The people of one place share the pride of the people of the other place, in all good fortune which befalls them.

Winfield is the largest, does a greater variety of business, and has a greater number of merchants and mechanics, and two newspapers very poorly sustained by the traders.

Arkansas City has the most enterprise, the wealthier merchants, and one newspaper well supported by her businessmen. Her merchants advertise extensively, and are drawing a large trade which naturally belongs to Winfield. One of her firms, A. A. Newman & Co., have the government contract to furnish Pawnee Agency with 750,000 pounds of flour, delivered at the Agency. This, besides aiding our wheat market, will furnish employment for a large number of teams. The distance is ninety miles.

Among the improvements going on in Winfield is the building of a Presbyterian Church, creditable to the town. Its dimensions are 40 x 60 feet, with a corner tower 13 feet square. It will be a Gothic structure, with brick walls on a heavy stone foundation, and will cost about $6,000. The pastor, Rev. J. C. Platter, is a young man of fine abilities, a graduate of Princeton, and of most exemplary christian character, which commends him to every acquaintance. He is wealthy, owning and cultivating several fine farms, and has considerable money loaned out, refusing to take usury. He is married, to the fervent sorrow of the single ladies of his church; for, he is what may be termed, emphatically, a handsome man. With Beecher proclivities, it is hard to tell what woeful disasters might follow in this community. But fortunately, he is not one of that kind.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Several of our farmers are about to introduce sheep into their business of stock raising, and with every prospect of success. Read & Robinson, Bankers, will soon send into Missouri for a large herd. A late article in the Times on the subject of sheep-raising has had its influence, and would be well if the Press, generally, would inform itself on all such subjects, and, in turn, inform the public. J. M. A.

Leavenworth Times.


Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.


Conducted by T. A. Wilkinson.

Low Freight on Grain.

One of the most significant features of the transportation problem is the steady and constant reduction which has taken place, ever since the close of the war, in the through freight rates from the West to the East. Whether this fact is consistent with the dictum that where combination does not take place, we do not stop to discuss. We only notice the fact that year by year the rates have been becoming less and less, until recently the rates on wheat and corn from Chicago to Buffalo have fallen to the lowest point ever known.

By the Michigan Southern & Lake shore road the rate on wheat has lately been reduced to 2-1/2 cents per bushel and to 2-1/4 cents for corn. This, says the Railway Review, is less than 1/6 of a cent per ton per mile. If rates like these can be maintained, the recent rise in the prices of grain will redound almost entirely to the producer.


Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Grange Activities.

A correspondent of Spirit of Kansas, on leaving Bro. W. H. Pierce, Grange Master, Sumner County, reported:

"We crossed a large iron bridge in Bro. Pierce's township, which charged us seventy-five cents toll, which passed into the hands of a company, yet the bridge was built by bonds voted by the township. This is a fair sample of the way things used to be managed in Kansas, and is a subject for the Patrons to deal with and correct such injustice.

"We soon reached A. T. Stewart's fine villa just in the suburbs of Winfield. He is a prominent member of the executive committee. He belongs to that class who have had extensive business experience and are now engaged in farming, and always being successful, he is now a first class farmer, owning one of the finest farms in Kansas. His plans for the state Grange are so large that they are not always comprehended by the brethren of less experience, and perhaps his only fault is, that his policy is so liberal that like Fremont, he may get ahead of the people. Certainly he is a power in the southwest and the celebration in Cowley County was perhaps the finest one in Kansas.

"The heavy rains flooded their chosen grounds in the morning, and their enterprising business agent, T. A. Wilkinson, immediately hired men and cleared another place and at dinner time they were carrying out a true Grange programme. Some counties don't seem to know what to do. They either lack the talent, energy, or enterprise to carry out a programme of their own. Their lecturers have been but little better than a piece of statuary filling a chair, and never what the Order intended they should be, live men who have something to say and then say it.

"I will send you specimens of their work in order to encourage others. Think of a lady stepping forward and presiding as toast master with great credit to herself and the assembly that chose her. Fine music, good singing, and the following are some of the toasts offered: Kansas in the past and present, Capital and Labor, One Brotherhood, Unity in the Grange, Women in the Grange, Old Bachelors. They met with prompt responses and the culture here exhibited, placed Cowley County in the front rank in the Grange movement.

"At the Commercial Agency, we found some two dozen fanning mills, plows, etc., coffee, sugar, tea, rice, and beans, direct from Wetmore Grange Agency, at New Orleans, Louisiana. Once in my life I drank some of the finest of coffee that had only passed through two middlemen's hands between the producer and the consumer. Their experience is that they save from twenty to sixty percent, by dealing directly through our own agents, and the supplies bought could not have amounted to fifty dollars.

"So any Grange could easily make up a bill of twenty-five dollars, send on their money, and order and soon receive back a first class articlebetter than I ever used in Kansas before and it is all done in two weeks. Who else will try it? As their business has just commenced, any brother can learn more about their results by writing T. A. Wilkinson, Winfield, Kansas."

Spirit of Kansas.


Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Cool nights.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

A new invoice of choice candies at Jim Hill's.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Uncle Amos has gone down to his reservation.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Thirty-eight car loads of wheat left Wichita last week.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

This is the most approved season for sowing blue grass.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Capt. Cheneworth, of the State Line, was in town Saturday.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Geo. Woner has the only tobacco field in the county that we have seen.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Capt. Isaac Morris and family have returned to their home at Tecumseh.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Mrs. Black, of the firm of Howard & Black, is visiting friends in Dexter.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Several fields of sod corn will yield over fifty bushels to the acre in Maple Township.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Geo. L. Walker has returned from a three months visit to friends and relatives in Lawrence.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Andrew Dawson will sow twenty acres of timber land in rye this fall for winter pasturage.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Arkansas City men have taken contracts to furnish 1,000,000 pounds of flour to the Indians.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Grain buyers are almost as thick in the Arkansas Valley, as were the grasshoppers a year ago.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Rev. J. E. Platter will preach a sermon on the Divinity of Christ on next Sabbath morning.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Prof. E. W. Hulse has been quite unwell for several days, but is now on the fair road to recovery.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

We neglected at the proper time to say that M. L. Robinson was reelected Treasurer of School District No. 1.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Rev. J. H. Roberts has returned "to the home of childhood." He made many friends during his brief stay with us.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Sam Burger has just finished threshing 179 bushels of wheat from four acres of ground, making a little over 44-1/2 bushels per acre.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

We saw more teams on the streets of Arkansas City last Monday evening than we have seen there at any one time for four years.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Cowley has a new post office. Otto is the name, and Arthur H. Smith the postmaster. It is situated in the Southeast corner of the county.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

C. M. Scott is one of the directors of the Southwestern Kansas District Fair, to be held at Emporia, from 21st to 24th prox., inclusive.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Winfield City flouring mills sent off 18,000 lbs. to the railroad yesterday. Part of it goes to Los Animas, the terminus of the A., T. & S. F. R. R.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Mr. Samuel Burger, living two miles north of town, threshed his wheat last week, and upon actual measurement, obtained forty-four bushels to the acre.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

We wiped our mustache at the City Hotel Monday evening, while at the City. Scott "vouched" for us on the register, which probably accounts for it.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Mr. Fairbank, when last heard from, had picked up the ear-ripressible E. S. Torrance, and together they were journeying toward their father-land. Happy, two.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Judge Saffold is eating bananas and oranges on the "promenade" at Galveston, Texas, while his friends are fighting flies and cholera morbus here. Such is life.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

E. Spencer Bliss has returned from his summer sojourn in the States. He skips round the counter at "229" as lively as a grasshopper in a roasting ear patch.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Mr. Wilkinson, the County Grange Agent, has been ordering goods by the wholesale lately. They are of the best quality, and the prices (to its members), defy competition.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

The Traveler has a new correspondent from Winfield with the euphonious sobriquet of "Don Pedro, Jr." He slashes in right and left for a young Don, and cuts a wider swathe than the old Pedro.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

J. D. Hanlin will sow one hundred and sixty, Frank Manny, seventy, and J. B. Holmes, over two hundred acres of wheat this fall. These are only a few of the large fields that will be sown in Rock Township.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

"It is sweet to be remembered," especially if said remembrance is in the shape of a hatful of nice ripe home-made peaches. That's what we thought when Mr. Glass, of Dexter Township, served us that way last Saturday.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Mrs. P. G. Smith, of Dexter, sends us in three monster beets, weighing 39 pounds. They weighed 14, 12-3/4 and 12-1/2 pounds respectively. We want to exhibit them at the Southwestern Kansas Fair, at Emporia, on the 20th prox.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

W. S. Vorhis has raised corn on the sod this year that will average one pound to the ear, or sixty ears will make one bushel of shelled corn.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Miss Annie Melville has gone to Topeka for a few month's stay. At the expiration of this time, she hopes to graduate from Pond's Commercial College, which she enters immediately. And in this connection we might add that Miss Alie Klingman will start in a week or two for a term at the same institution.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Kallock had a "call" and higher salary offered; Norton went west with a larger purse in view; Beecher had his wages increased; and now comes a $1,000 offer for our Lemmon. What does it all mean? Surely the causes are not all the same. The truth is, true merit will be appreciated wherever found.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Yesterday morning we dropped into "229," the Mammoth store of C. A. Bliss & Co., and found the clerks flying around, busily engaged "clearing away the wreck," ready for their immense stock of fall goods. "229" has been renovated, thoroughly cleaned up and newly painted, and is now in first-class "ship-shape."

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Mr. Amos Walton, of the Plow and Anvil, has gone down to Okmulgee, the capital of the Indian Territory. Whenever you hear of a meeting of the chieftains, you may bet your old paper collar that Amos is fooling round there not far away. Politics are warm down in the Territory now, hence this visit of his is suggestive.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Citizens of Arkansas City, these warm days, bask in the shady side of a big sunflower, eat grapes and watermelons, and gaze in fond admiration on their "beautiful" schoolhouse. Our people would do the same here, but they lack the grapes and sunflowers and watermel ons. And, come to think, they lack the beautiful schoolhouse, too.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Our own Prof. Lemmon has been invite away this time. Washburn College, of Topeka, has offered him a Professorship, with salary of one thousand dollars attached. His engage- ment here will prevent his acceptance of their liberal offer. District No. 1 should feel proud that they have the services of a teacher who is so well appreciated in older portions of the State.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Bowen & Berkey, of the flat-boat expedition, have returned to the City. They report the "Arkansaw" navigable 80 miles, as far as they went, and now say if Arkansas City will raise them $1,000 they will put a steamboat on the river in running order. They stopped their boat at the Pawnee Agency, as there they learned that flour in Little Rock, Arkansas, was selling at $2 per cwt. and wheat at 60 cents per bushel. They will probably attempt to turn the river "end for end," and ship wheat and flour down here next.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Last Monday we visited, officially, the south part of the county, and surveyed a county road from a point near the "head waters of navigation of the raging Arkansas," west to the intersection of another county road. Mr. Bowers, the principal petitioner, is a gentleman of the old school. His doors are ever open to the hungry surveyor outfits. It won't do to tell how much those road viewers, Roseberry and Rambo, eat, while their feet rested under his well- filled table. Cause why? They might retaliate. After dinner, Miss Ella, a ten year old daughter, sang several familiar songs, with Melodeon accompaniment, bringing vividly to memory our Sunday school days of "long, long ago."

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.


Two calves about six months old, one white one with red ears, and one red one with white spots. Can be found in Searle's herd at the Tunnel Mills.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Farmers Improve Your Stock.

If you want thoroughbred short-horn calves, go to the Squaw Creek herd, 2 miles South of Winfield. C. C. PIERCE.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Petit Jurors.

Soloman Smith, Job Shields, T. J. Forsyth, John Stalter, E. F. Green, E. P. Young, George Stout, Noah Kimball, Isaac Wood, L. S. Kibbe, W. A. Hill, and B. Goff.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Grand Jury.

C. G. Bradbury, James Hensley, Henry Harbaugh, Benjamin Burnett, A. A. Chamberlain, L. D. Brown, J. C. Dale, J. D. Elliott, J. C. Chapman, James Perkins, R. R. Turner, G. B. Green, George Eaton, Oliver Miller, and Jessie L. King.

Winfield Courier, September 2, 1875.

Committee Meeting.

There will be a meeting of the Republican County Central Committee, of Cowley County, held at the Courthouse in Winfield, on Saturday the 11 inst., to transact such business as may come before it. T. R. BRYAN, Chairman.

JAMES KELLY, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Traveler Items.

W. W. Waltonnot "Amos," but the man that gets away with himand Frank Gallotti, called Monday.

R. S. Damewood presented us with some very beautiful peaches, of his own raising on Grouse Creek. One of them weighed 4-1/2 ounces; it was of the Reed variety.

The new mill at Dexter has been named Dexter Mills, and the flour sacks will be branded with a cut of Dexter, the fast horse. The machinery is extra good, and the men conducting it thoroughly reliable.

We learn from John McClaskey that considerable of the wheat brought in contains weevils, and a large white flour worm, about half an inch long, with a reddish head, that is very destructive to flour. A quart of common salt sown over the bin will protect it from weevils. They will not remain where salt is plenty.

Hon. James Christian, of Lawrence, and one of the oldest settlers in Kansas, made a stay of several days at this place last week, with a view of locating. Mr. Christian is a prominent Kansas attorney, a man of great practical experience, and just such as is most needed on the border at this present time. We hope he may settle with us.

Word was brought from the flat boat last Sunday, which is now near the Pawnee Agency, almost one hundred miles from this place, by the river. They report no less than three feet of water in the channel of the river, and are fully satisfied that a small steam tug could be run between Little Rock and this place. They have experienced considerable difficulty in manag- ing the boat so as to keep it in the channel, but claim they can make a successful voyage.


Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Prof. Hulse has not entirely recovered.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

The Tunnel mills are running day and night.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Nina Cowles will teach the Floral school this fall.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Watermelons cheap. All you want for five cents.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Singing at the Methodist church every Friday night.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Why don't someone establish a broom factory?

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

The St. Nicholas fed over eighty hungry men Saturday.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

J. L. Webber was hanging out at the Lagonda Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Miss Ida Daggett will flax the urchins this winter near New Salem.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Max Shoeb is putting a marble finish on the front of his wagon shop.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Nate Robinson had a new addition built to his harness shop last week.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Adolphus Green, junior, has the prettiest baby carriage in the Walnut Valley.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Judge Saffold has returned, and Amos and Will will have to take back seats.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Prof. T. A. Wilkinson has been employed to teach a six months school at Dexter.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Over seventeen hundred dollars were paid into the treasury of Cowley last Monday.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

The Iowa seed corn has done better here this year, than seed from any other state.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Deming says he managed to furnish fodder for about 75 persons last Saturday.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Commissioner Burden has cut and put up over one hundred tons of hay, and is not near done yet.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

J. P. Eckles raised the enormous melon. The seed came from the Department.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Our Silver Cornet Band, with the help of the Bosworth brothers, gave us some fine music Friday night.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Wanted: A graduate of a medical college to run for the office of Coroner. No horse doctors need apply.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Thanks to Geo. E. Hill for a nice basketful of tomatoes, and to E. B. Kager for a basketful of nice tomatoes.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Mr. Kelly, editor of the COURIER, intends interviewing Jeff. Davis, at Kansas City, during the exposition.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Scrip ran up to 85 and 90 cents on the dollar Monday, all on account of the demand for tax paying "wherewith."

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Mayor Millington left us the brag tomato of the season Monday. It is 16 inches in circumference and weighs 22 ounces.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

The Grasshoppers of Vernon, and Frontiers, Jr., of this place, play the second game today on the grounds by the Courthouse.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Jim Hill has bought A. A. Jackson out, and he will now run the St. Nicholas after the old California style. Jim "has been there."

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

The bon tons dined at the Valley House Sunday. A change of proprietors has produced a change in the management of the Valley.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Mrs. Howard is agent for the Neeham Organ. It is a beautiful piece of furniture, and at least one should be in every high-toned house in this city.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

J. H. Serviss, Joseph Furman, and a half dozen other farmers, of Dexter Township, will each sow hundred acre wheat fields this fall.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Max Shoeb wears a white plug hat and the National debt still standing at two and a quarters billion dollars. How extravagant!

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Mr. Edward Perkins, of Australia, is visiting old friends in this vicinity. Half round the world seems like a long way to go visiting this hot summer.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

McStapleton and Doc. Wilkins, of Lazette, were in Tuesday. They could not stay themselves so they left a jack rabbit to add to our collection. Thanks, boys.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

S. H. Myton ordered another sugar-cane mill this week. This time for Grouse Creek. Doc. Goodnight will extract sweetness with it this fall.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

FUNERAL SERVICE. The funeral sermon of Rev. Jonathan Newman will be preached at the Christian church by Rev. Snyder of Independence at 11 a.m. next Sunday. Friends of the deceased are respectfully invited to attend.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

J. Hockett, Esq., of Cedar Creek, in the extreme southeast corner of the county, showed his appreciation of the leading county paper by handing the starving COURIER man a two dollar "rag" last Thursday.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

A new water power mill is being erected on the Grouse at the old McAllister crossing seven miles below Dexter. This is one of the best "falls" of water in the county, and we are glad that it is soon to be utilized.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Read the tax levy list for 1875, and compare the tax of some of the rural districts with that of our own city. District No. 2 has the finest schoolhouse in the state, but you see her citizens have to pay for their "white elephant's" feed after all.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Big day at the Courthouse Monday. Everybody rushed to see our worthy Deputy Treasurer, Frank Gallotti. He had his hair cut a-la-Comanche, but that wasn't all that attracted them. It was the last day of grace for paying delinquent taxes.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

The Winfield City Mills will put in a new bolt for flouring purposes next week. The one they now have is entirely inadequate to their wants. When the two bolts get to running, the City Mills will be able to turn out about nine thousand pounds of flour daily.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Barney Shriver, of Sheridan Township, passed through town the other day, with 50 bushels of wheat for the Wichita market. He will buy a half pound of tea, two pounds of sugar, and a dollars worth of "plug" now, and keep his other nine hundred bushels of wheat over for a better market.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Kager has the runningest garden we have seen this year. Tomato vines eight feet long and getting longer, beets, and radishes as large as a wagon-wheel, and everything of a "garden sass" nature in proportion. There ain't room on the ground for the vegetables so the gourds climb the fence and get over onto Read's lot.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

S. S. Holloway, with wife and daughter, took rooms at the Lagonda over Sunday. Mr. Holloway is the purchaser of the Brown farm, four miles east of town, that was mentioned a short time ago. The family seemed well pleased with their new home, and think that this is equally as pleasant a place to live in, as Chillicothe, their former home.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Prof. Fred Hoffman, late of an European Musical College, would announce to the musical public of Winfield and vicinity, that he is prepared to teach a class or classes in Organ or Piano Music. If desired, he will call and give lessons at private houses. A full course, consisting of twenty-four lessons, on either Organ or Piano, $12. Repairing or tuning instruments a specialty. Leave all orders at the Winfield Post Office, or Lagonda House.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

The office of County Coroner is flying round loose this fall, ready to be taken in by some good M. D. In the absence of other material, we will take the liberty to nominate Harry B. Lacy, and one good man from each township in the county for this trustworthy place. The office has no salary; consequently, we are particular who we nominate, as it is strictly speaking, an honorary office, the only one in the gift of the people.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

Please remember that Mrs. E. F. Kennedy, formerly the "Co." of the Ladies' Bazar, has opened out a handsome Parlor Millinery Store, four doors North of C. A. Bliss & Co.'s, where she is constantly receiving new varieties of ladies' fashionable goods, etc. Don't forget the placeMrs. Bullene's old stand, four doors north of C. A. Bliss & Co.'s.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

A real live musical Professor is to come to town at last. He is a "furrener," a graduate of Kaiserslautern Musical College, Bavaria. We know he is a good performer because we heard him play on that new, fine toned organ of Mrs. Howard's, and because businessmen, who haven't got any more music in their souls than a tree toad, stopped their work and stood entranced at the sound of his Blue Danube Waltz. If Winfield don't know more about piano and organ music when he leaves than she does now, it won't be the Professor's fault.

Winfield Courier, September 9, 1875.

In reply to a letter of Frank Baldwin's, of this place, the general agent of the Babcock Fire Extinguisher, writes that if Winfield will get up a club and order one dozen, they can have them for the low price of $420. The regular retail price of these extinguishers is $500. This would make a saving in cost of $80 by buying now. This is something that our city has long needed. We have nothing to protect us from a fire. Our wells, situated as they are, wouldn't supply water enough to put out a burning lamp in two hours' time. This matter should be attended to at once.

Note: Skipped 1875 Tax Levy, School District Tax, and Bond Tax in this issue.]


Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

The Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad has been completed to Las Animas, Colorado. The first train ran through to that place on the 8th inst.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

The Supreme Court has decided that the act splitting Howard County in two is constitutional. Now the citizens of Elk and Chautauqua counties are happy.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.


A week or more ago we charged Amos Walton with diverting immigration from Winfield to Arkansas City. Mr. Walton, impudent as he is, has not the hardihood to deny what we said, but comes back with a half column or more of silly stuff, intended to be abuse of the COURIER and its editor. Now we do not propose to be drawn into a dirty newspaper quarrel. The COURIER's business here is to do what it can to build up Winfield and Cowley County. To this end we expect to labor with all our might. The interest of every citizen of Winfield is our interest, and we do not propose to have our attention diverted from the main object by a foolish quarrel with Amos Walton, that would interest nobody.

If Amos Walton is in Winfield merely for the purpose of running a temporary POLITICAL paper, and his interest is somewhere else, and he advises people to go to Arkansas City when they want to stop in Winfield, then we don't want him here.

Now we say this without saying one word against Arkansas City, as Amos would fain make it appear. If Mr. Walton will turn his attention to the building up of Winfield and Cowley County, we assure him that his assistance will be fully appreciated. We are prepared to prove, by the gentleman himself, that the object of his sojourn among us is to run a political newspaper, and then we are prepared to prove to the satisfaction of any unbiased mind that a newspaper, exclusively devoted to any political party, is the greatest curse that can befall any new town like this.

The business of a newspaper in any of these western cities is to advertise the place; to keep its advantages before the world. THEN let it advocate what party doctrine it pleases; then it can count on the support of the businessmen of the town to sustain it. The COURIER proposes to devote most of its time and space to the building up of Winfield and Cowley County, and make the discussion of political issues a secondary consideration. Will our neighbor help us in this matter?


Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.


Its Crops, Schools, Teachers, and Civilization.

The Lesson Taught by the Atchison Celebration.

WINFIELD, Sept. 6, 1875.

EDITOR TIMES: The farmers are now busy putting in wheat and rye. We used to think, in the famous Genesee country, that twenty bushels of wheat to the acre was a good crop. While here, thirty bushels is a very ordinary crop. I think from information received of farmers throughout the county that the general yield will overrun, instead of falling short, of that amount. It is estimated by competent judges that the acreage of wheat and rye to be sown this fall will be double that of last year. Where is there another such a country for the hus- bandman? All that is now needed to prove that Kansas is the garden spot of the world, is


The extraordinary resources and beauty of this section of Kansas, are directing attention to it from abroad, and a good class of land purchasers are making their debut among it. A quarter section near the town of Winfield, without any buildings of value, was sold last week for $4,500 cash. But it must be recollected that Winfield is an exceptional town in points of great advantages existing and still greater in expectancy.

In less than five years no less than five different railroads will sound the whistles of their locomotives within the limits of its corporation. I show in a future article where these lines are located.


Educational interests in Cowley County are far in advance of those in much older counties in the State. There are 105 school districts in the county, and seventy-five good schoolhouses. A stone building in this city costing $6,000, and a brick building in Arkansas City costing $10,000.

Of so much importance are the schools of this county, that a Normal Institute was established in this city, to perfect the teachers of the several schools for the coming year. The Institute closed its labors yesterday, after the end of three weeks term distinguished by its able faculty, and highly successful results. It was conducted by Prof. A. B. Lemmon, Principal of the Winfield school, whose educational acquirements have already procured him the tender of a professorship in Washburn College; Prof. E. W. Hulse, Principal of the Arkansas City school, a refined scholar and gentleman; Prof. T. A. Wilkinson, the able Superintendent of Cowley County; and Miss L. A. Norton, principle assistant of Prof. Hulse, in the Arkansas City school. Of Miss Norton and Miss Jennie Greenlee, principle assistant of Prof. Lemmon, I must take the liberty to draw a contrast, effected here within a very recent period.

Six years is a brief space of time, connected with the advance of civilization. Six years ago Cowley County was the theatre of barbarism untinctured with a drop of civilization. The sweet, benign, civilizing influences of the female sex, found its representative in the ground- colored, metallic-scented, squatty, unctuous person of the Indian squaw. Today the county is distinguished for its numerous families, whose female components ornament the arch of refined and social structure, while the charming graces of beauty, wit, polish, and the various scientific accomplishments are typified, to a remarkable degree, in the two lady teachers I have named. It must be confessed that these great social changes, so suddenly effected are truly wonderful. It gives me pleasure to depict them, for the subject contains lessons of great value and interest to every philanthropist. . . .

J. M. A. [Leavenworth Times Correspondent.]


Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

FLORAL, KAN., Sept. 14, 1875.

MR. EDITOR: There will be a basket picnic held at Floral Grange, No. 756, at L. B. Stone's grove, near Floral schoolhouse, Saturday, September 25th, 1875. Everybody is kindly invited to attend.

Those who are members of the order, and those who are not, are alike invited. Good music, vocal and instrumental, speeches, and essays, will be the order of the day.

All subordinate granges are invited to attend en masse. Come with banners flying and in full regalia. The picnic grounds will be decorated with a thousand bouquets, and various products of the soil.

Let everyone bring some specimens of flowers, fruits, or vegetables. This will be the last picnic held this season by our grange, and everything is being done to make the day a pleasant and instructive one to all. Let no good patron stay away; let us spend one day for the strengthening and building up of the order. All patrons should endeavor to be on the grounds by 10 o'clock. Exercises will open at 11; dinner at 1; exercises after dinner at 2 o'clock.

All peddling wagons and booth men will apply to S. B. Stone for information. He owns the grounds and will have the disposing of all business in that line.

I desire to be notified as early as possible of all subordinate granges who design coming en masse. JAMES O. VANORSDAL, M., Winfield, Kansas.

Skipped notice in this issue of Cowley County Republican Convention to be held Saturday, October 2, 1875, showing 61 delegates with breakdown as to townships, offices to be filled (representative, county clerk, sheriff, treasurer, register of deeds, surveyor, and coroner. Showed T. R. Bryan, Chairman; James Kelly, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

See John Easton & Co.'s new ad.


SHOT-GUNS, REVOLVERS, AND RIFLES, Kept constantly on hand.

Repairing done neatly and to order. Special attention given to SEWING MACHINES. Don't send them away, but bring them to us for repairs. Everything from a Threshing Machine to a Knitting Needle mended with promptness, neatness and dispatch.


Also proprietors of the


Call and see what we can do for you. If you haven't any work to do, come in and amuse yourself with a game of

B I L L I A R D S.

Remember the placeOne Door South of Miller & Power's Hardware Store, East side Main Street, WINFIELD, KANSAS.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Jimmie Simpson is up at Douglass at work.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Oscar Wooley and Ed. Walker called last Saturday.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Mrs. C. C. Black has returned from her visit to Leavenworth.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

A heavy rain last Saturday night raised the Walnut a foot or more.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

BIRTH. Born to Mrs. and Col. E. C. Manning, on the 1st inst., a daughter.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

It is rumored that Cliff. Wood has sold his farm adjoining the townsite for $4,000.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

James Dever has returned from a four weeks trip to Kansas City and the Northeast.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

S. D. Klingman has twelve of the best looking stacks of wheat we have seen in the county.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Will. Doty is growing fifty acres of rye for winter pasture on the Johnson farm North of town.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

The chinch bug is said to be eating the now grown rye and volunteer wheat in some localities in the county.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

A. A. Jackson has gone to Wichita to buy wheat for some Eastern firm during the wheat selling season.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

All are cordially invited to attend the Musical Association of the Methodist church next Saturday night.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Oscar Morris has just completed a nice stone sidewalk in front of his residence. Will Brown was the boss architect.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Hank Nelson has rented the Geo. Carman farm in South Bend for two years. Mr. Manning is agent for Mr. Carman.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Seven well developed ears of corn on a stalk of three feet in length was added to our collection by Mr. Thomas, of Tisdale Township, this week.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

C. C. Stevens, an old ex-merchant of Winfield, called in yesterday and ordered the leading county paper to appear at Salt City weekly, from now till the centennial.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Help Wanted.

Among the most promising wants of our people now is more muscle. Scarcely a farmer here has help enough. This county can give work to 200 more men, at least during the wheat sowing season. Let those who want to work, and are satisfied with reasonable wages, come to Cowley County.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Hon. W. P. Hackney has returned to Winfield from San Francisco. A few months in that unfortunate country was enough to satisfy him that Cowley County is a far better country for a white man than the Pacific coast. He comes to stay, having seen the whole elephant. A splendid business and pleasant future are in store here for W. P.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

The Department seeds so generously sent last spring to the people of our county uniformly did well. Some very choice varieties of grain and vegetables have been introduced into this country through this agency. The commissioner desires that the recipient should report the success or failure of each variety in this soil and climate. We hope our friends will at least spare a postal card full of information upon each package received. The Commis sioner wants these report to embody in his agricultural statistics.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.


Roman Catholic meeting will be held in Winfield Sunday, Sept. 19th, at 1/2 past 9 a.m. Services by the Rev. Father Schurtz, of Wichita. Evening service, also, from 6 to 8 p.m. A cordial invitation is extended to all Roman Catholics to dine at Mrs. Winner's residence at 1 o'clock p.m., on the same day.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Camp Meeting.

There will be a District Camp meeting held on the Nennescah, near Belle Plaine, about 16 miles from Winfield, commencing on the 22nd of September and continuing not less than eight days. It is expected that all Wichita District will be represented. There will be a Tabernacle tent upon the ground of sufficient capacity to accommodate a congregation in case of unfavorable weather. A good time is expected. Let Winfield charge be represented. All are invited. J. C. McQUISTON, P. C.


Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

FOR SALE: 2 pr. working oxen. Also farm to rent. R. B. WAIT.


Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Musical Association.

TUESDAY EVENING, Sept. 14th, 1875.

Present: J. D. Pryor, Prof. Hoffman, Prof. Robinson, Prof. Lemmon, Frank Gallotti, John Roberts, Dr. Mansfield, and John Swain.

Moved and seconded that J. D. Pryor act as Chairman of the meeting, which was called for the purpose of forming a Musical Association. John Swain, Secretary.

Moved and seconded that we organize a Musical Association. Carried.

Moved and seconded that a committee of three be appointed to draw up constitution and by laws, and report at next meeting. Committee to consist of Dr. Mansfield, Frank Gallotti, and Prof. Hoffman.

Moved and seconded to adjourn, and to meet again at the Methodist Church next Saturday evening, and that the proceedings of this meeting be published in the city papers.



Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Proceedings of the City Council Sept. 9th, 1875.

City Council met pursuant to adjournment Thursday, September 9th, 1875.

Present: D. A. Millington, Mayor; Mayor M. G. Troup, J. M. Dever, C. C. Black, and W. M. Powers, councilmen; B. E. Baldwin, City Clerk.

Minutes of two previous meetings read and adopted.

Bills of W. M. Boyer, Police Judge, referred to finance committee, were reported favorably on by said committee, and on motion of N. M. Powers were ordered paid if approved by the City Attorney.

The following bills were presented to the Council, allowed, and ordered paid.

E. R. Evans, services as City Marshal, month of July: $25.00.

E. R. Evans, services as City Marshal, month of August: $25.00.

Cash paid to Geo. Grey, moving stove and table into council room: $.20.00.

E. R. Evans, nails for public wells, sharpening plows, etc.: $3.63.

C. H. Kingsberry, repairing public well: $1.50.

On motion adjourned. B. F. BALDWIN, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.


DIED. At the residence of Dr. Mansfield in this city, on Thursday, Sept. 9th, 1875, after a painful and protracted illness, and in the 62nd year of her age, Mrs. E. P. Nellis, of Syracuse, New York.

The deceased was a sister of Mrs. Dr. Mansfield, who brought her to Winfield from New York, early last spring, in the hope that a change of air and circumstances would improve, if not restore her health. But a malignant disease, peculiar to the sex, defied alike, all measures and medicines, and with an unfaltering faith in the religion of her life, she departed for the brighter and better land. Hers was an active, useful, and beautiful life. She was a woman of untiring industry, boundless energy, and enterprise.

Her literary attainments were above mediocrity. She possessed a sense of the beautiful in an unusual degree. As an artist in all kinds of fancy work for domestic ornamentation, she had few equals. Everything was done for the poor invalid, that warm hearts and loving hands could do. Constantly cared for by her sister, a kind and experienced nurse, and by the Doctor, himself a skillful physician, surrounded by everything that love could suggest, her last hours were made as comfortable as generally falls to the lot of man when called upon to cross the dark river. She died trusting implicitly in the promise of Him who doeth all things well.


Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.


The undersigned will sell at public auction on

Wednesday, Sept. 29, 1875,

At her residence on the Walnut, 4 miles North of Winfield, the following personal property: Seven Cows, Five Calves, Two Heifers, Thirty-two Hogs and Pigs. One Span of Mares, One Wagon, One Sett Double Harness, Farming Implements, Household Furniture.


75 Bushels of Rye, 25 Bushels of Oats, Forty-five Acres of Corn in the Field, and a number of Turkeys, Chickens, and Ducks. The sale is to commence at 1 o'clock p.m.

Terms Cash!

The farm will be rented for a term of years. Early applications required.

For further information, inquire of L. J. Webb.


Winfield, Kansas, September 16, 1875.


Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Cowley County District Court.

The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the September term of the District Court, to be holden on and from the 27th, and have been placed on the Trial Docket in the following order.




Thomas T. Rucker.

Elmer Kinney.

Elmer Kinney.

Elmer Kinney.

Willoughby Neugent.

Will M. Allison.

William Turpin.

Andrew Horneman.



John C. Smith vs. Samuel P. Berryman.

Clifton M. Woods vs. John W. Millspaugh.

A. Sumner vs. John R. Davis.

John Swain vs. Seymour Tarrant.

Abel D. Bent vs. Alonzo F. Tryon, et al.

E. S. Babcock vs. Sylvanus Phelan, et al.

Soranus S. Brettun vs. Edward Frederick.

John A. Himebaugh vs. Amos E. Mahaney.

Edwin C. Manning vs. Will. M. Allison.

Ephraine Simpson vs. Geo. W. Gardenhire.

George Warner vs. James Jordan.

Samuel A. Wier vs. John J. Sprague, et al.

M. Brettun vs. Henry Shanhuies.

Beng. J. Jones vs. A. T. Shenneman.

Francis Black vs. Edward Patton.

Amy G. Smith vs. Charles M. Kellogg.

S. C. Smith vs. James C. Weathers.

John C. Hays vs. Ezra P. Kinne.

D. B. McCallum vs. John R. Smith.

Apolis Kimble vs. Enos Copple.


George W. Kimble vs. Enos Copple.

Rufus B. Waite vs. E. B. Kager, Co. Treasurer.

S. D. Pryor vs. E. B. Kager, Co. Treasurer.

S. B. Sherman vs. B. H. Clover, Administrator.

David Thompson vs. E. B. Kager, et al.

Esther E. Fowler vs. John Brown, et al.

Samuel Hoyt vs. E. B. Kager, et al.

Edward B. Weitzel vs. Joseph Smalley.

Robert Hudson vs. W. S. Voris.

Frank Gallotti vs. Orrin P. Houghton, Administrator.

Houghton & McLaughlin vs. Robt. Washam.

Azinia V. Polk vs. A. J. McCollum.

Mollie H. Maule vs. Samuel Maule.

John S. Foster vs. Enoch G. Willett.

Fred E. Waldron vs. J. M. Dever, et al.

John C. McMullen vs. Richard Woolsey.

A. R. Depen vs. George A. Bridge, et al.

Harvey Olmstead vs. John Schwarts.

R. A. Ketner vs. Allen Mowry.


Solomon Nawman vs. Amos Becker.

S. D. Pryor vs. Ebenezer J. Gamble.

Oliver Sparkman vs. Wm. & A. J. Thurman.

T. A. Wilkinson vs. John Garahee.

Hannah Marquis vs. Richard B. Corson.

Martha E. Quimby, Adx. vs. J. B. Gorham.

City of Winfield vs. Seymour Tarrant.

A. W. Graham vs. A. N. & Julia A. Deming.

S. S. Richmond & Bro. vs. Davis & Ferguson.

John C. McMullen vs. Wm. M. Gray, et al.

Robert Allison vs. Richard L. Walker.

W. S. Paul vs. Martin Hammond.

M. Brettun vs. James K. McClellen.

M. Brettun vs. John C. Quarles, et al.

Francis Black vs. Joseph D. Wilson, et al.

Francis Black vs. George T. Galbreth, et al.

Elizabeth Sutton vs. B. H. Clover, Administrator.

Andrew J. Kummel vs. Wm. & Anna Thompson.

Joseph Likowsky vs. Andrew Dehn.

Francis Black vs. Edward Patton, et al.


Lizzie M. Martin vs. Fritz Budde.

W. S. Paul vs. Maria & W. W. Andrews.

C. C. Harris vs. Martha A. South, et al.

Martha A. Richmond vs. Chas. W. Richmond.

Oliver S. Williams vs. Richard L. Walker.

Samuel Bliss vs. A. H. Broadwell, et al.

John Headrick vs. heirs of James P. Jenkins.

Pryor & Kager vs. T. L. Clark.

E. A. Graham vs. Sidney Belk.

E. C. Seward vs. Andrew Dehn.

David Rodocker vs. Mary S. Rodocker.

David Rodocker vs. Thaddeus A. Rice.

H. F. Bartine vs. Needham Rogers.

S. H. Myton vs. Wm. W. and M. A. Andrews.

Robert T. Jordan vs. T. M. McFadden, et al.

E. A. Graham vs. Edward Millard.

T. M. Graham vs. M. A. & W. W. Andrews.

Robert T. Jordan vs. Josiah Hager.

M. Brettun vs. Thomas J. Anderson.

Charles C. Black vs. A. A. Jackson, et al.


M. Brettun vs. Alonzo F. Tryon, et al.

Francis Black vs. Addison A. Jackson, Administrator.

Francis Black vs. David M. Osborn, et al.

M. Brettun vs. John Smith, et al.

William W. Curtiss vs. Sarah A. Curtiss.

Trustees of Bolton & Creswell townships vs. Wm. C. Boker, et al.

Leland J. Webb vs. Thompson H. Johnson.

Samuel Hoyt vs. Alphonso O. Hoyt, et al.

Desier A. Clapp vs. Salem Lance, et al.

Francis Black vs. Warren H. Beck, et al.

Francis Black vs. Leland J. Webb, et al.

James H. Spradlin vs. D. B. Fouts, et al.

Alfred S. Redden vs. Wm. Thurman.

E. A. Graham vs. Wm. P. Duncan.

Frank Akers vs. Wm. B. Norman.

Frank Akers vs. Frank Manny.

Abel D. Bent vs. James A. Barr, et al.

Arthur Graham vs. Thomas J. Ragland.

James M. Barrick vs. Enoch G. Willett.

W. G. Graham vs. Andrew Dehn.

Robert T. Jordan vs. John H. Brown, et al.

Andrew H. Horneman vs. Enoch G. Willett.

E. S. BEDILION, Clerk.


Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Wheat taken in exchange for goods, at the Winfield boot and shoe store, and will sell you boots and shoes lower than any other man in Cowley County. T. E. GILLELAND.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

MONEY TO LOAN on mortgage security at reduced prices, by C. C. Harris, at Winfield Bank.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Farmers Improve your Stock. If you want thoroughbred short-horn bull calves, go to the Squaw Creek herd, 2 miles South of Winfield. C. C. PIERCE.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

SCHOOL FURNITURE for sale cheap. Call and see it before purchasing elsewhere.

A. B. LEMMON, Winfield, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Notice to School Boards.

A lot of Gothic school desks (new), for sale by A. H. Green, Winfield, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

229. EVERYTHING from a pair of Overalls to a complete Wedding Outfit to be found at C. A. Bliss & Co.'s the coming week.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

O. F. BOYLE Is selling goods AT COST.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Fine Hogs. J. L. KING has a few blooded Poland China Thoroughbred Hogs for sale. Apply at once at his farm one mile Northeast of Winfield.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

DOWN THEY GO. The balance of my stock AT COST. O. F. BOYLE.


Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.


This is to certify that we, whose names are hereto subscribed, do most heartily recommend for our next County Treasurer, FRANK GALLOTTI, who has for the last year and a half faithfully and satisfactorily preformed the duties of said office while acting in the capacity of Deputy; and we do hereby further certify that his character during that time has been such as to fully entitle him to the recommendation. The records of said office kept by him, bears ample testimony of his capability and efficiency. We consider him well qualified to fulfill the duties of said office, and therefore cheerfully recommend him to the voters of Cowley County as well worth of their cordial support, and who, if elected, will most faithfully and systematically perform the duties of said office.

Jno. D. Pryor.

E. D. Kager.

H. C. Irvin.

H. D. Gans.

E. S. Bedilion.

A. J. Pyburn.

B. F. Baldwin.

J. M. Fahnestock.

W. M. Boyer.

T. K. Johnston.

G. S. Manser.

C. A. Bliss.

J. E. Saint.

N. Roberson.

W. G. Graham.

S. D. Cochran.

W. D. Mowry.

W. J. Mowry.

H. Godehard.

W. H. Walker.

K. F. Smith.

J. H. Bonsall.

E. D. Eddy.

E. J. Hoyt.

J. C. Evans.

Henry Mowry.

Albert Horn.

J. C. Mitchell.

R. Page.

L. C. Wood.

L. W. Currier.

John C. McMullen.

H. P. Walker.

James S. Simpson.

Chas. Harter.

A. T. Shenneman.

S. Darrah.

T. J. Jones.

J. A. Beck.

C. M. Sloan.

P. Hill.

Geo. Youle.

A. F. Tryon.

J. P. McMillen.

Joseph Requa.

A. N. Deming.

R. L. Walker.

D. M. Hopkins.

J. N. Beemen.

J. W. Curns.

J. Manley.

Jas. L. M. Hill.

H. Brotherton.

J. W. Johnston.

P. J. Copple.

Allen B. Lemmon.

David S. Brown.

T. A. Wilkinson.

Petyer Paugh.

Chas. E. Love.

R. Rogers.

C. L. Bliss.

Philip Stump.

M. L. Robinson.

M. L. Read.

W. C. Robinson.

S. H. Myton.

H. P. Farrar.

T. C. Bird.

D. M. Purdy.

E. M. Bird.

W. E. Gooch.

Jno. N. J. Gooch.

A. H. Buckwalter.

Antonio Buzzi.

W. G. Kay.

Frank Lorry.

Thomas Baird.

G. W. Harmon.

Samuel Kuhns.

John Annis.

W. E. Chenoweth.

Alfred Pruden.

C. R. Sipes.

A. W. Burkey.

W. S. Thompson.

E. R. Thompson.

C. J. Beck.

Charles Gallert.

Alfred B. Woolsey.

J. C. Topliff.

S. P. Channell.

W. M. Burkey.

M. Y. Hurst.

G. H. McIntire.

W. H. Speers.

D. R. Baird.

R. Hoffmaster.

Chas. R. Williamson.

B. A. Davis.

George L. Walker.


Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.






Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Wanted! A good girl to do general house work, and take care of children. None but a neat and competent one need apply. To such a one good wages will be given. For further information, call at the office or residence of L. J. WEBB.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

Auction Sale. Of dry goods, clothing, piece goods, and notions. A full line of hats, caps, boots, and shoes, all going at your own prices. The highest bidder takes the article, cost or no cost. We are bound to sell. Hark! follow that bell up to one door south of Baldwin's Drug Store, and there see. W. A. Snively & Co. sell their goods at auction. Sale begins at 1 P.M. today, and continues day and night till Saturday at 10 P.M.

Winfield Courier, September 16, 1875.

BUSINESS and Dwelling Houses to rent. Inquire of L. J. WEBB.


Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

Howard County is now holding a series of anti-division mass meetings notwithstanding the fact that it is already divided.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

It seems that the Interior Department estimate dead Indians to be worth $1,000 apiece. All right, Columbus, just give Kansas one more good crop and we will buy your Indian menageries and kill them at our leisure.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

It seems that Amos Walton is fearfully exercised because a request signed by sundry individuals, asking Mr. Howland of this place to become a candidate for Register of Deeds, was not published in the COURIER, and assigns various reasons for its non-appearance, all of which reasons, we need hardly say, are perfectly absurd as well as entirely at variance with the truth. The reason we did not publish the request, friend Amos, was because no one offered to pay us therefor.


Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

The Agency.

We have now made every arrangement necessary for the successful running of the Grange Commercial Agency at this place. When we accepted the position as agent, we promised the brotherhood that if business could be done on the Grange co-operative plan, we would do all in our power to develop it and make it a success. We have opened a thorough correspondence with many of the most substantial wholesale firms throughout the whole country, representing the various branches of business likely to interest and directly benefit the farmer. Our efforts have not been without encouragement, and it now remains for the Patrons throughout the county to avail themselves of the benefits of the Agency. The Executive Committee of the District Grange have fixed the commission at a very low rate. But we can live by that commission, providing business enough is given us. We would say to our brother Patrons, if you wish a commercial agency in Cowley County, sustain it by your patronage. We have plenty of inducements to go into business in a private enterprise, but will stand by the agency as long as your patronage indicates that you desire the success of your business enterprises. Thus far we have received, financially, all the encouragement we could expect, hence the improved condition of the building in which our business is transacted.

We make no bombastic boasts of what we intend to accomplish, but will continue work faithfully and earnestly for the good of the Order.


Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

Dissolution Notice.

Notice is hereby given that the copartnership heretofore existing under the firm name of Jackson & Brotherton, has been dissolved by mutual consent. H. Brotherton will collect and pay all the debts of the late firm. A. A. JACKSON, H. BROTHERTON.


Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

County Commissioner John Manly is in Volusia County, Florida.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

Niel Trump is back at his old bench at Sam Myton's tin-shop.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

W. C. Haley has gone to Wellington to go in a photograph gallery.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

Several buildings in process of erection. The carpenters all keep busy.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

A great many citizens from Rock Township down to Horneman's trial Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

"Rowdy" Morris has got the whooping-cough. George sits up with him of nights.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

Mr. Kelly is building a neat little residence on the corner of Manning Street and Ninth Avenue.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

Several of our town folk visited Wichita last week, among whom were Mayor Millington and lady.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

They talk of changing the name of Little Dutch to "Sebastopol" now, since this last fiasco up there.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

"Banged" hair is all the rage now with the ladies. It walks away with pompadours and spit curls.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

Mr. Watkins, of Liberty Township, brings in two mammoth squashes and puts them with our monsters.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

Mr. Jno. Ledly and lady were in town last Monday. They report everything is flourishing in Cedar Township.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

The COURIER office is getting a new coat of paint put on it by Jones & Co. We can't tell what color it will be till the sun gets a whack at it.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

The City Mills will have a daily capacity for grinding 17,000 pounds of flour instead of 9,000, when they get their new bolt in running order.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

John R. Thompson, of Richland, one of the farmers in Cowley County, went up to Wichita and brought down two fine imported Poland China hogs this week.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

We have Tom Copeland with us now, sticking type, and would have had Charlie McIntire, too, of the Plow and Anvil, if the price could have been agreed upon.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

Anyone who wishes to rent a farm will do well to call on Mrs. Foos. The Foos farm is one of the best and most convenient in the county, only 4 miles from Winfield. Applications should be made at once.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

O. N. Morris & Bro. are doing the rushingest livery business of any single firm in Southwestern Kansas. Their teams are going day and night. It was thought by some that they had moved to Wichita last week, but it was a mistake. Only three of their teams went up, conveying passengers each way. The boys advertise, that's the why of it.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

Mr. Seward Hulse, late student of the Wisconsin University, has arrived, and will take charge of the Arkansas City schools until his brother, Prof. E. W. Hulse, recovers from his illness.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

S. H. Myton this week forwarded to Stewart, of the late firm of Stewart & Simpson, a photograph of his beautiful new brick store building, which they erected here. The picture goes to Champlain, Clinton County, New York.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

Mr. James Baldwin, of Illinois, brother of our B. F. Baldwin, has been here paying his brother a visit. He expresses himself well pleased with the country, and especially Cowley County. His verdict is but that of every observing man who sees it.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

The Union Sabbath School at the Baptist Church was made unusually interesting Sunday morning by the help of Prof. Hoffman and Mr. W. V. Terry. They are both good singers and the Prof. handles the organ keys as easily as a milk made her left hand in fly time.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

Dr. F. H. Bull, son-in-law of J. W. Millspaugh, is down visiting relatives in this neighborhood. The boys set him to threshing wheat, just for a change. If the Doctor handles dental instruments as well as he does a pitch-fork, at the tail-end of a threshing machine, he will do.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

Mr. John Roberts made his formal debut into Winfield's polite society circle one evening last week. A pleasant party at his father's residence attended by several of our young folks, was the event of the week. The evening passed pleasantly and was much enjoyed by those who were so fortunate as to be there.

Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

Prof. Hoffman, who is now here giving lessons in music, is our authority for saying that Winfield is better supplied with musical instruments than any town in Southern Kansas. There are thirty-one pianos, organs, and melodeons alone, in this city. That the musical talent here is of the very highest order, all of which the Professor says indicates intelligence and refinement far beyond any other town on the border.


Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

Winfield Musical Association.

On last Saturday evening the proposed Winfield Musical Association met and received report of committee on constitution, which was adopted and the society fully organized.

Twenty names were enrolled for membership, after which the following officers were elected.

President: Dr. Mansfield.

Vice President: Prof. Lemmon.

Treasurer: Frank Gallotti.

Secretary: Prof. Robinson.

Chorister: Prof. Hoffman.

Executive Committee: J. D. Pryor, Dr. Houx, Amos Walton.

The Society adjourned to meet on next Saturday evening, at the Methodist Church, for the practice of music.

It is hoped that all interested in music will attend and support the society by becoming members. J. SWAIN, Secretary pro tem.


Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.


WRIGHT. At the residence of E. B. Kager, in this city, Miss Libbie, daughter of Mrs. Wright, of Arkansas City, on Thursday morning, September 16th, 1875, at 7 o'clock.


WALTON. At Oxford, on Wednesday, September 15th, 1875, of typhus fever, Annie G., youngest daughter of George T. and Mrs. V. J. Walton, aged 11 years.

The deceased was a sister of the local editor of the COURIER [WIRT W. WALTON]. To their many friends of Oxford and vicinity for their uniform kindness and Christian sympathy in their bereavement, Mr. and Mrs. George T. Walton desire to express their heartfelt thanks.

Last week we were placed under obligations to O. F. McKimm, J. L. Abbot, Capt. Brown, Messrs. Richmond Bros., Dr. Maggard, and many other good citizens of Oxford and vicinity for courtesies received during our temporary stay with them. WWW


Winfield Courier, September 23, 1875.

RECAP: N. A. Haight runs for county surveyorRepublican.

Wirt W. Walton runs again for county surveyorRepublican.

Ezra P. Kinne, Arkansas City, runs for register of deeds for Cowley County


N. C. McCulloch runs for re-election as register of deeds for Cowley County



Winfield Courier, September 30, 1875.

Traveler Items.

The plank has been purchased for the floor of the Arkansas River bridge, and it will be repaired soon.

Col. McMullen called and paid for 100 Travelers last week, and distributed 75all we could spare him. If a dozen men would do so weekly, the effect on immigration would soon be realized.

Enoch Hoag was recently thrown from his buggy by a runaway team; his injuries amounted to a dislocated shoulder. Verily the ways of Providence are inscrutable. Had it been anyone else, a broken neck would have resulted.

BUCKWHEAT. Mr. A. Chamberlain has buckwheat fully matured, and some stalks measuring six feet high.

SUGAR CANE. We have a stalk of sugar cane, grown on John McFarland's upland farm, measuring 16-2/3 feet.

LARGE YIELD. Mr. Snow, of Fall Creek, Sumner County, raised 48-1/6 bushels of wheat to the acre, or 289 bushels from six acres.

ONIONS. Mrs. Lorry left us an onion, raised from the seed, that weighs one pound and five ounces, and claims to have one growing that will weigh even more.

Some people take the market reports as published, and then come in a week later and expect to find them the same. The Wichita market changes every day, as well as those of other places.


Winfield Courier, September 30, 1875.

A Mr. Jackson of Winfield is here and just now busily engaged in building a warehouse, store, and grain commission house, near the depot. His building is already under way and is thirty by fifty feet and will be two stories high. Wichita Beacon.


Winfield Courier, September 30, 1875.

Frank Lutz is general manager at the Valley House.

Winfield Courier, September 30, 1875.

C. C. Harris was elected to fill a vacancy on the Grand jury.

Winfield Courier, September 30, 1875.

R. R. Turner, Esq., of Otter, is foreman of the Grand jury.

Winfield Courier, September 30, 1875.

C. C. Harris has purchased the Joel P. Vandever farm near the south line of this township.

Winfield Courier, September 30, 1875.

Miss Sadie Webb, late of Topeka, is writing in County Clerk Troup's office, and Mrs. Clara Flint in Register McCulloch's office at the Courthouse.

Winfield Courier, September 30, 1875.

We now have one of the best job printers in the person of Mr. Sykes, late of Washington, D. C.

Winfield Courier, September 30, 1875.

J. P. Sloan is fitting up in good shape the upstairs to his Main Street building, known as Green's drug store, the front room of which is to be occupied by W. P. Hackney, as a law office.

Winfield Courier, September 30, 1875.

Charlie Way, one of our printer boys, had a surgical operation performed upon him by Dr. Austin this week. The skin of his forehead, just above the left eye, was cut and held apart while a small bullet was taken out, which had been imbedded in the skull for over three years. There is one shot still remaining in his neck, but it was beyond the Doctor's reach.

Winfield Courier, September 30, 1875.

Jasper Cochran is the champion bird shooter in Southern Kansas. We make this assertion and can prove it. In an eleven day hunt he killed three hundred and sixty-one chickens, two days of which forty-five and forty-two were bagged successively. An average of over thirty- two per day over a six months old pup with a muzzle-loading gun, is his record; and on it we base our claims for the champion "shootist" of the southwest.

Winfield Courier, September 30, 1875.

George Morris has sold his interest in the Stone Livery barn to William Robinson, of this city, and has gone up to Tecumseh, the home of his father, to spend the winter.


Winfield Courier, September 30, 1875.

[Recap only. Unable to read entire article.]

Moved by M. G. Troup, and carried by vote of the Council, that the Marshal be instructed to give notice that complaint would be entered against all persons residing in, or liable to pay road tax in the City of Winfield, whose tax was not paid by October 10th, 1875.

The following resolution was read and passed unanimously.

Resolved, That the City Attorney be instructed to dismiss the two cases of the City of Winfield vs. Frank C. Lutz on his payment of all cost, excepting such fees as belong to the city. B. F. BALDWIN, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

We learn that Col. E. C. Manning, of Winfield, is favorably spoken of as the next Representative to the Legislature from Cowley County. We think the people of Cowley can find no better man to represent them, as he is undoubtedly the best legislator in Southern Kansas, and we very much doubt there being a better one in the State. He is perfectly acquainted with the workings of a legislative body, and can, if elected, do more for his constituents than any other five men they could send to the capital. Howard City Beacon.

Answer of the Winfield COURIER editor to above:

The above is from the pen of a gentleman who has known Col. Manning long and well. Friend Beacon, Col. Manning has not only been talked of but has been nominated by one of the ablest and most enthusiastic Conventions ever held in Cowley County. The people not only talk of him, but will elect him by a good big majority next November.


Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.


The ticket nominated last Saturday by the Republican County Convention is, all things, considered, one of the strongest and best ever nominated in the county.

Of Col. Manning, whose name appears at the head of the ticket, we need say but little. As a representative of tact and ability he has few, if any, superior in the State of Kansas. Whatever he undertakes to do he does manfully and well. The poisoned barbs of cruel unscrupulous enemies has never yet turned him aside from the path of duty, honor, and integrity. We predict that the people of Cowley County, regardless of the malicious persecutions of malignant enemies, will prove their appreciation of Col. Manning's worth as a man and his ability as a legislator by giving him a rousing majority next November.

Of Sheriff Walker and M. G. Troup we need say nothing; they have each served one term and their work speaks for them. The people of Cowley County believing in genuine reform, will see to it that these men who have served them so faithfully and well will still continue to serve them.

T. R. Bryan, of Dexter, E. P. Kinne, of Arkansas City, Wirt W. Walton, and Dr. John Hedrick, of Winfield, are gentlemen in every way worthy of the support of every voter in Cowley County, for the several offices for which they have been nominated.

The most important office by far is that of Commissioner. For this office we have three gentlemen in every respect perfectly capable of managing the affairs of the county.

William White, of Rock, although still young, is a man of mature judgment, good qualifications, and with a little experience will make a splendid Commissioner.

Of Mr. Sleeth we know but little, but his friends in whom we have full confidence, assure us that he is a gentleman of acknowledged ability and experience, who will bring to the dis charge of his duties that practical business knowledge which is so essential a requisite in a County Commissioner.

R. F. Burden is the present Chairman of the County Board, whose services are before the public. He is a gentleman of good heart and sound judgment, and with an experience of two years cannot fail to give entire satisfaction, at least as much so as mortal man could give on the Board of County Commissioners of Cowley County.

We have neither the time nor space this week which we would like to devote to the different candidates, but will have more to say in the future.

As a whole the ticket is unusually strong. In its selection the Convention showed itself fully alive to the wants and wishes of its constituents, and we have no shadow of doubt but the good work will be fully ratified at the coming November election.

Since the above was put in type, we have been handed Col. Manning's card declining the nomination for Representative. We are extremely sorry, as will be all his friends, that the Colonel sees fit to take this step. Believing as we do that he would be a representative of which not alone Cowley County, but the State of Kansas, would be proud, we most reluctantly consent to his withdrawal from the canvass.














E. C. MANNING, WM. P. HACKNEY, NATHAN HUGHES, AND WILLIAM WHITE. The first was an informal ballot, which resulted as follows: Manning 32, Hackney 11, White 5, Hughes, 12. After considerable sparing, Col. Manning, for the sake of harmony, declined the nomination. The names of L. J. Webb and James McDermott were placed before the Convention. The friends of Manning insisted on still voting for him and so declared their intention, whereupon the names of Webb and McDermott were withdrawn. The first ballot resulted as follows: Manning, 29 votes, Hackney, 22, Hughes, 9. No choice, Hughes withdrew his name in favor of W. P. Hackney. Second ballot resulted as follows: Manning, 32 votes; Hackney, 28. Manning declared nominated.


Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

It is encouraging to learn that the Subordinate Granges throughout the county are beginning to see the importance of sustaining our Commercial Agency at Wichita, and subscriptions to stock in that enterprise are rapidly going on.

One of the finest picnics it has been our fortune to attend for some time was given by Floral Grange on Saturday, September 25th. The display of flowers, fruits, and vegetables reminded one more of a respectable country fair than a picnic. The literary part of the entertainment was excellent. A paper read by Brother J. O. Vanorsdal, and Sister Zina Cowles, had many valuable hints to Patrons and was well received. All seemed to enjoy the bounteous repast and none with greater zest than ourselves.


Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

C. M. Wood and family have gone on a visit to Springfield, Ohio.

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

McCulloch surprised even his friends by the close race he gave Kinne last Saturday.

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

Thos. Baker, the leading tonsorial artist of this city, has fitted up a neat room in the Grange Agency building. Give him a call.

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

With pleasure we chronicle the fact that J. B. Lynn, Esq., is at last recovering from the spell of sickness which has prostrated him for the last two weeks.

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

E. D. Eddy, the popular druggist of Arkansas City, passed through town Tuesday en route for the east. The genial Will Mowry is the chief "disher up" of quinine during his absence.

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

Andrew Dawson brought us, from his farm in Rock Township, seven "whopper" big Irish potatoes last week. The seven weighed eight pounds and three ounces. They are of the early rose variety and are hard to beat.

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

Read the advertisement of Frank Cox in another column. Mr. Cox has one of the best farms, either for stock or grain, in the county, and he proposes to sell it at the low rate of $1,200. Anyone wishing a farm can do no better than to buy of Frank Cox.

AD: FARM FOR SALE. A well improved stock or grain farm containing 160 acres, in one of the best communities in Kansas, for sale cheap. Enquire of Frank Cox.

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

Read the new "ad" of N. Roberson. Mr. Roberson's stock of harness, saddles, leather, mountings, etc., cannot be excelled anywhere in the West. He keeps the very best workmen, who can turn out a job equal to anything to be had this side of St. Louis.

AD: N. ROBERSON, MANUFACTURER AND DEALER IN HARNESS, SADDLES, COLLARS, WHIPS, BRIDLES, LEATHER, ETC. A FULL STOCK OF HARNESS AND SHOE LEATHER Constantly on hand. I keep the Best Brands of Sole Leather, French and Domestic Calf, Kip and Upper Leather. Also Tappings, Linings, Thread, Pegs, Awls, Wax, etc., which I will sell at The Lowest Possible Price for cash. Country shoemakers will find I can furnish them as cheap as they can get them from the East. Your patronage solicited.

Main St., Opposite Postoffice, WINFIELD, KANSAS.

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

It is with pleasure that we introduce to our readers Mrs. Dillingham, late of Chicago, who, with her daughter, has taken up her abode with us, to engage in the business of fashionable dressmaking. Mrs. Dillingham comes among us well recommended as having no superior as a dressmaker. She has rooms over the clothing store of Joseph Requa, where those wishing anything in her line should give her a call.


Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.


PERKINS - FOOS. On Sunday evening, October 3rd, 1875, by the Rev. Mr. Platter, Edward Perkins, of Auckland, New Zealand, to Miss Ada Foos, of this place.

Melbourne, Australia, and Auckland, New Zealand, papers will please copy.

We congratulate the young couple on this, to them, the most important event of their lives. Our acquaintance with Mr. Perkins, the bridegroom, although short, has been extremely pleasant. And we predict that the love which impelled him to cross the seas, all the way from Australia to Winfield, to consummate his early vows with the fair Ada, will not fail him as they journey down life's stream together. The bride, as most of our readers know, is the daughter of the late Joseph Foos, who was one of the pioneers of this county, and died, lamented by all who knew him. The fair Ada is one of nature's noble women, and not one of her acquaintances but sincerely regret her departure from our community.

The bride's mother will accompany them as far as Springfield, Ohio, where she will spend the winter among friends, while Mr. and Mrs. Perkins will proceed to New York, there to be joined by the mother in the spring, when they will sail for their old home in Australia, there to take up a permanent abode. May heaven's choicest blessing go with them wherever they go.


Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

Monday we surveyed the county road petitioned for by John Annis, et al, of Bolton Township. Beginning at the south end of the Arkansas River bridge and running northwest to the township line. This is one of the most important roads in the southern part of the county. The immense travel of Bolton, in this county, and Walton and other townships in Sumner County, as far west as Caldwell, has been compelled to go at least one mile out of a direct line in order to get to this bridge, the only crossing on the Arkansas south of Oxford. The aggrieved party in this case is Reuben Bowers, Esq., who owns the land near the bridge. His damage he assesses at one thousand dollars. The viewers, Thos. H. Henderson and Geo. W. Melville, awarded him one hundred and fifty dollars. The reports went before the Commissioners on Tuesday, and the attorneys in the case agreed to lay it over till the next session of the Board. L. J. Webb, of this city, has been employed by the defendant, and Amos Walton is advisor for the principal petitioner.

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

The old proverb, "We never know what a day may bring forth," was again exemplified in the sad case of Mr. A. Chamberlain last Saturday. He had been up here all last week as a Grand Juror, in attendance at Court. His good-humored jokes and trite sayings were the occasion of many a hearty laugh. Saturday he was full of fun, and as a delegate to the Republican Convention was having a lively time, while at the same moment his barn, stable, horses, hay, wheat, and corn were in a blaze, only fourteen miles away. The particulars of this sad misfortune to our friend Chamberlain we learned while at Arkansas City last Monday. His little child, about three years old, was playing with a match near the south side of his hay stack. The match was ignited, just how is not known, but in a few moments the hay caught the blaze and a strong wind from the south at the time swept it like a demon through the stacks into the wheat, and from thence to the stables nearby.

No help was near. His wife, quite ill at the time, was in the house unable to give the alarm, even though help had been within call. Two horses and a colt, in the stable at the time, perished in the cruel flames. He had just finished his labors here, and returned home expecting to thresh his wheat this week, and instead, found the reward of years of toil a smouldering heap of ashes.

Being a poor man his loss can scarcely be estimated. He has the sympathy of the entire community, in this, his great misfortune. Surely, we know not what the coming hour has in store for us.

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

John W. Miller, of Richland Township, received a complimentary vote for County Treasurer, last Saturday, by the delegates from the north end of the county. He is one of the best farmers and one of the best businessmen in this county, and his friends proved their appreciation of him by casting their vote for him for Treasurer. Let it be said in this connection that he was not a candidate.

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

Association Meeting.

There will be a meeting of the ministers and deacons of the Southwestern Kansas Baptist Association held at Floral schoolhouse, commencing Friday, 29th of October, at 2 o'clock p.m., and continuing until the 31st. All ministers and deacons are requested to attend.

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

The Bar supper given by our esteemed young friend, John D. Pryor, last Saturday night, in honor of his admission to the Cowley County Bar, was the happiest social event that has occurred to our knowledge in the southwest, since it was a southwest. The company included His Honor, Judge Campbell, all the lawyers and officers in attendance at the present term of Court, and the "tripod" fraternity of this county. At about 9 o'clock this "goodly company" met at Jim Hill's popular St. Nick and found there tables that "groaned" beneath their viands that were soon to be no more. . . .

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

To Whom It May Concern.

All persons knowing themselves indebted to the undersigned are requested to call and make immediate payment, as I am going out of business. I want all to come up and settle at once.



Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

There will be a Teachers' Examination held at Winfield, Kansas, Friday and Saturday, October 22nd and 23rd, 1875, for all teachers, who were sick or absent from the county during the last examination. T. A. WILKINSON, County Supt.

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

To Rent or For Sale.

One-half section bottom land; 80 acres cultivated. Also the Tryon Farm. Both timbered and watered. R. B. WAITE, Oct. 8, 1875.

Winfield Courier, October 7, 1875.

Down to Bed Rock.

Owing to the hard times I have determined to put the price of Artificial Teeth down within the reach of all. Poor as well as rich can now have their work done. I will put in a full set of teeth (upper and lower) for the small sum of Twenty-five Dollars; half sets for Fifteen Dollars. The best of material used and a perfect fit guaranteed. Come along, everybody.

Very respectfully, J. O. HOUX, Dentist, Winfield, Oct. 6, 1875.


Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.




This week we take down the name of Col. E. C. Manning and hoist that of W. P. Hackney for Representative from this district. We take down Col. Manning's name solely because he has declined to be a candidate, and we raise that of Capt. Hackney because the Convention developed the fact that he was the next choice of the Republican party and has since received the endorsement of the Republican County Central Committee. Mr. Hackney has had two years' experience as the representative of Sumner County. He is live and energetic, an avowed Republican, an inveterate worker, and will be an honor to the county at Topeka the coming winter.


Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.


Mac D. Stapleton has recently returned from Kansas City, bringing with him one of the best and largest assortment of goods ever opened at this place. He also brought a beautiful span of thoroughbred English geldings to drive to his new buggy.

Doctor Pood, of Dexter, occasionally drops in to see his Lazette friends.

Doctor R. W. Jackson has removed to Cloverdale, where he has found a good practice.

The health of the people in this valley is very bad, and seldom have our physicians been more on the move than this season.

Our "honest miller," David Batrum, has been employed at the Dexter mills for some weeks. He reports matters there as progressing well.

Mr. Jessey K. James and family, from Wabash County, Indiana, have been visiting Indiana friends, located in Grouse Valley. Their visit was very pleasant, and they go home with favorable opinions of Cowley County.

It is said that Doctor J. A. L. Williams is soon to remove his office four miles further up the valley, to Grouse Creek post office.

Mr. S. M. Fall lost a valuable mule on Sunday morning last. He was driving a span of his mules to his buggy and had gone about a mile and a half from home, when one of the mules lay down and died before the harness could be taken from him.

Judge H. D. Gans and Will Maris, of Winfield, gave us a hasty visit a few days ago.

The croquet set brought in by Mac D. Stapleton forms the center of attraction to lovers of that fine art.

DIED. Mr. William Slater buried a wife and child in the Lazette Cemetery last week.

Harry Romine has opened a gunsmith shop, and is prepared to do all kinds of work in his line of business.

One of our sportsmen brought in a couple of large deer Saturday last.

Mr. D. Romage has opened school in the Gardenhier schoolhouse.

The attendance of pupils at the Lazette school is kept rather low by the great amount of sickness in the District.

John Smiley is again able to be out after a very tough siege of the fever.


Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

Antelope trouble in the corn fields near Hays City.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

308,000 acres of the "Cherokee Strip" lands are offered for sale. Bids received until November 30th.


Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

The wheat market at Kansas City keeps steady and firm with no indication of decline. Wheat advanced five cents per bushel last week, and on the 9th No. 2 was from $1.43 to $1.45 per bushel. If buyers here could secure teams for prompt shipment, they could afford to pay, in Winfield, for best No. 2 $1.60 per bushel, and leave a margin, over freights, of eight cents for profits. But as long as there is no certain time when teams can be secured, larger margin is the only safe way; hence the low price here as compared with Kansas City. But there is no reason why wheat should not bring $1.15 to $1.20 at Wichita.


Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

Some of the road supervisors in the vicinity of Winfield have evidently not done their whole duty.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

C. M. Scott is at Leavenworth as a grand juror at the present term of the United States District Court.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

Uncle Milt Roseberry thinks it ain't always the best looking man that gets the nomination in a political convention.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

Mrs. Mansfield has returned from New York, where she has been to attend the last sad rites of her sister who died here recently.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

Catholic service will be held in the schoolhouse on Sunday, the 24th inst., by the Rev. Father Schurz. All Catholics are requested to attend.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

Our readers are informed that the first concert of the Winfield Musical Association will take place at the Courthouse, on Friday evening, Oct. 22nd.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

There ain't a boy three years old and over living at Salt City but what can tell you that the coal drill is down "three hundred and sixty-two and a half feet.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

MARRIED. At the residence of the bride's mother, on Sunday morning, Oct. 10th, 1875, by Rev. J. M. McQuiston, Mr. Alva M. Requa, to Miss Inez Hubbard, both of this city.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

The following are the names of the candidates for the Township offices in Rock Township: Trustee, Reuben Boothe; Clerk, R. P. Akers; Treasurer, John Stalter; Justice of the Peace, Hiram Fisk; Constables, W. H. Weimer, Frank Akers.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

In the Rodocker vs. Rice case that excited so much interest at our recent term of court, the jury returned a verdict against the defendant of one thousand dollars damage and cost of the suit. Tuesday the court met and granted the defense till the next term of court to file affidavits for a new trial.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

We have been informed by a reliable gentleman living on the State line that the war the Traveler and leading citizens of Arkansas City have been making on Osage Indian Agent Gibson have caused him to give to Coffeyville the trade which naturally belongs to their City and our county. We don't know that to be the real cause, but give the information for what it is worth.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

Sandy Thompson, living near Tisdale, lost his arm in a threshing machine last Friday morning. He was in the act of oiling the cogs when his sleeve was caught and his arm torn off below the elbow. Dr. Graham was called and found amputation just below the shoulder necessary. This is the second accident of exactly the same kind in the same family, a brother of Sandy having lost an arm under similar circumstances a few years ago in Canada.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

Mr. Alva Requa had "gone to that bourne, from whence bachelors seldom return. He and fair Inez have agreed to agree and travel down life's rugged pathway together. They have commenced life right, by sending the boys of this office some nice delicious cake, and ye local a good Havana.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

The Southwestern Kansas Methodist District Tabernacle Tent (they stand that name on end and use it for a center pole, we guess) unfolded its beautiful wings and spread itself out on the "1st base" of the Frontier baseball grounds last Saturday. It's a huge affair, but on the first appearance suggests anything almost in contradiction to the real use and purpose. A man that can visit this tent and not think "citizens," whether he says it or not, has better control over his feelings than any person we have yet met. Service is being held day and night. Elder Bucker and several other ministers are here from abroad.


Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

Reform Convention!

Meeting of the Unterrified and Slaughter of the Innocents!

The Republican Ticket Indorsed Almost Throughout!

The convention of self-styled Reformers met at the Courthouse in this city last Saturday and organized with M. B. Leonard of Creswell, for Chairman, and C. G. Holland and Ed Millard, Secretaries.

The Committee on Resolutions, of which T. M. McIntire, of Creswell, was chairman, reported the following which, on motion, was rather meekly adopted.

1. Resolved, That the policy of further contraction of the currency at this time is calculated to bring financial ruin to the agricultural, manufacturing, and commercial interests of the country and will only be of advantage to the bond holders and money loaners of the East.

2. Resolved, That the National bank system was originated and has been sustained in the interest of the monied oligarchy of the East and has subserved no purpose save the protection of that interest at the expense of the productive and commercial interests of the West.

3. Resolved, That the course of the administration in subsidizing the local press of the country by the appointment of partisan editors to federal offices is destructive of the inde pendence and usefulness of the press and merits the hearty condemnation of all patriots.

4. Resolved, That competency and honesty being the qualities which should alone commend a candidate, we hereby pledge ourselves to the nominees of the convention so long as we remain convinced that they possess these qualifications and no longer.

T. M. McINTIRE, Chairman.

George Melville then read the programme, which was that nominations begin with Representative, then Treasurer, etc., down to Coroner, which programme was adopted with some misgivings on the part of the more wary, believing, as they did, that George had some hidden object in view.

W. P. Hackney, the Republican candidate, was the only nominee for Representative, the Reformers being out of that kind of timber.

A call being made for Mr. Hackney, that gentleman came forward and told the convention that he was a Republican and as he had been placed at the head of the Republican ticket by the County Central Committee, he would be pleased to receive the indorsement of the convention, etc. The convention then nominated Mr. Hackney by acclamation with a few dissenting noes.

Nominations for Treasurer being in order, O. F. Boyle, of Winfield, and C. G. Handy, of Tisdale, were put on the track. Mr. Boyle's friends were confident that they could run right off from Handy, but they didn't know that the unknown Tisdale nag was ridden by a very light weight. The race was a close one, Mr. Handy winning it by one vote. Never was there a convention so badly taken by surprise. No one expected to nominate Mr. Handy and the announcement was hailed with anything but enthusiasm.

The next heat was for Sheriff, for which there were five entries, to-wit: Hoffmaster, Deming, Lippmann, Shenneman, and R. L. Walker. Walker's name was withdrawn and Shenneman declined in favor of Deming. The last ballot resulted in favor of Hoffmaster.

Five candidates were nominated for Register of Deeds: Henderson, Roseberry, Allison, Cheneworth, and Howland. Mr. Roseberry rose to a personal explanation and charged Amos Walton with misrepresenting him and thought this would be a good time for Amos to "take it back." He was also willing to read a recommendation given him by the county officers, but the Chair couldn't see it, and Mr. Roseberry was chalked off. First ballot: Henderson, 16; Howland, 12; Roseberry, 6; Allison, 28; Cheneworth, 18. No Choice. Here Mr. Cheneworth withdrew his name and said that he had been solicited to become a candidate, and the inference was, by those who had control of the convention; but there was something back behind the screen which would slaughter him and he preferred to withdraw his name. By this time it was apparent that the race would be between Allison and Henderson, Howland and Roseberry having already been lost sight of. The last ballot proved Tom Henderson the winner by 17 votes, Mr. Howland receiving but one vote and Roseberry none.

From now on all interest was lost in the convention, it having gone against nearly everybody's prognostications, and some two dozen defeated candidates went home disgusted, which left the convention pretty thin.

Dr. Hedrick was nominated for Coroner.

John Stalter was nominated in the 1st, Daniel Grant in the 2nd, and R. F. Burden in the 3rd Commissioner Districts.

Amos Walton was appointed a Central Committee and the convention adjourned.


Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

Association Meeting.

There will be a meeting of the ministers and deacons of the Southwestern Kansas Baptist Association held at Floral schoolhouse, commencing Friday, 29th of October, at 2 o'clock p.m., and continuing until the 31st. All ministers and deacons are requested to attend.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

MRS. L. H. HOWARD has removed her fashionable Millinery Store five doors north of her old stand, where she will be pleased to see her old customers and as many new ones as may be pleased to call and examine her new stock of fall goods.

Winfield Courier, October 14, 1875.

Skipped Board of County Commissioners Report, October 6, 1875.

Total amount claimed: $3,650.34.

Total amount allowed: $2,788.07.


Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

Mrs. Howard has removed five doors north.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

Hon. L. J. Webb has gone to Topeka on business.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

The new church building of the Presbyterians' progresses.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

S. H. Myton has purchased a new fire and burglar proof safe, and now defies these twin fiends.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

A. D. Speed, accompanied by Burt Covert, has gone to Kansas City to attend his cattle lawsuit.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

Col. Manning has been invited to speak on Friday night near Cedarvale to the people of Otter Township.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

Prof. Jno. Nichols, he of the towel and razor of this city, has moved into the building one door north of Green's drug store.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

Perry Hill has removed his boot and shoe shop to the room formerly occupied by W. H. South as a jewelry store, and John Nichols has moved his barber shop into the room vacated by Mr. Hill.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

Our late townsman, Erastus B. Kager, now an abider of the little city at the mouth of the Walnut, called on us this week. He has opened up a law office and settled down to the business of his profession.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

A very serious accident occurred to a little child of Mr. Hoffmaster, of Bolton Township, this week. It was pouring powder from a flash into the fire when the whole train ignited and hurt the child terribly.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

We are pleased to hear that Prof. E. P. Hickok has consented to deliver his highly interesting and instructive lecture on "Ocean Currents" on Friday evening, October 19th, at the Courthouse, under the auspices of the Winfield Institute.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

Fred Schwantes brought in another "nubbin" of corn having 1,480 grains on the outside, and we don't know how much shelled corn concealed in the cob.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

And now comes J. B. Evans, the party of the first part, and depositeth on our table an ear of corn weighing one and three quarter pounds, raised in Vernon Township, Cowley County, Kansas, in the year A. D., 1875; and furthermore, the party of the second part sayeth not.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

J. Wade McDonald, law partner of Hon. W. P. Hackney, of this place, was nominated for Representative by the Democracy of Sumner County, at Wellington last Monday. He is the present County Attorney of that county. Being the only good timber they have in their party there, they run him for some office every fall.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

J. G. Titus, one of the most successful farmers of Kansas, told us the other day that he had finished sowing three hundred acres of wheat, and that he would give $300 out of his pocket to help build a railroad. Let our farmers but raise one other good crop of wheat and we have no fears but that a railroad will be built to haul it away.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

We understand that Captain Hoffmaster, Reform candidate for Sheriff, has withdrawn from the ticket on account of sickness in his family, and that A. N. Deming of this place has been put on in his place. We congratulate Mr. Hoffmaster on the good sense evinced by him in getting out of the way, no matter what the cause. But what shall we say of our friend Deming? His courage is certainly commendable, but, as in the case of the little French bull, we cannot admire his judgment.

The people of this county will not trade a tried and trusty officer for anyone of whom they know nothing just for the fun of the thing. Dick Walker has by his upright conduct and official integrity endeared himself to the people of Cowley County, and they propose to continue him where he will do them the most good. We are sorry for Mr. Deming, as the result this fall will only bury him beyond resurrection.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

The "Reform Central Committee," i. e., Mr. Amos Walton, declined to enlighten the good people of Dexter on his subject of "Credit Mobelier," when called upon by Capt. McDermott the other night. Why didn't you tell them, Amos, that owing to the recent troubles in the South, the credit of Mobile was not good. That would answer just as well, as they don't know anything about such a question (?). "Don't fly your kite so high" next time. The people of this county read the papers and keep posted.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

The grasshoppers have been playing sad havoc with some of the wheat fields on the Arkansas. Mr. Dunn, of Vernon Township, has a field of twenty-two acres completely eaten up. He thinks, however, that as the cool weather has set in, the wheat will grow up again. Some of the "cusses" are making a miserable attempt to lay eggs, but the frost wakes them up as they start down in their holes.


Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

Lazette News.

Henry Vanover has returned from Missouri. He reports as much sickness in the section visited by him as there is in this county.

T. A. Wilkinson, of Winfield, gave us a flying visit on the 11th inst. He came in the interests of the "horny-handed" fraternity.

John Dudley, of Missouri, a former resident of this county, is visiting Grouse Valley friends.

Brooks has moved on his farm just south of Lazette.

Port Coons put in an appearance a few days ago. His sojourn with the Pawnee braves agrees with him. Upon his return to the Agency, he took with him Charles Brintzenhoffer.

The Lazette mill property has passed into the hands of B. H. Clover, who, with the assistance of David Batrum, will "push along, keep moving," for the benefit of all patrons and friends of the mill.

W. G. Ward intends erecting a steam sawmill in the timber two miles south of town.

A. T. Shenneman paid a visit to Grouse Valley last week, spending Friday night in our city.

Calvin Dwyer, youngest son of Mrs. Mary Dwyer, was thrown from a colt last week and was quite severely bruised thereby. Fortunately, no bones were broken by the accident, though Cal's sides and limbs were skinned beautifully.

BIRTH. Henry Wilkins is happy, and his many friends may now congratulate him on the arrival of a daughter, October 18th, 1875.

The joint discussion between the candidates of our parties came off last night. A good crowd met at the schoolhouse to see the aspirants for office and to hear the speeches. While there was no discussion between the opposing candidates, each one of them made a speech, not so much however to display his oratorical abilities, for each one said, "I am no orator, as Brutus is," but to let the people see what good looking men were seeking to serve them. Col. W. P. Hackney opened the exercises, after which Messrs. Handy, Bryant, Kinne, Henderson, Deming, and Walker became bold enough to speak. Col. J. M. Alexander was then called out, and he made a happy and well received speech. Judge Gans followed the Colonel with some good natural remarks and a joke on one of the candidates. After our distinguished visitors had spoken, some of our township candidates and citizens joined in the "discussion." Squire John Clover, Charley Jones, B. H. Clover, H. D. Wilkins, and Burt French made effective and telling speeches. There was but one disappointment in the evening, namely, the non-appearance of friend Walton of the Plow-Handle. The meeting was closed with a few remarks by the chairman, R. C. Story.


Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.


CARTER - KIMBLE. At the residence of the bride's father, on Tuesday, October 19th, 1875, at 10 A. M., Mr. Till. Carter to Miss Hattie Kimble, all of Vernon Township, Cowley County, Kansas.

We knew it. We have known it for a long time. It couldn't be otherwise. We always thought Till would get away with those fellows and take the beautiful Miss Hattie to himself. Time has only proved our surmises to be correct. While we are sorry for those "other fellows," we wish the fortunate Till and his young wife all the good fortune that generally falls to the lot of terrestrial mortals.


Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

WANTED. 25 or 30 yards of good rag carpet. Apply at the post office.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

HIGHEST CASH PRICE paid for Hides and Furs at Requa's Clothing House.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.


All persons knowing themselves indebted to me are requested to call and settle on or before the 1st day of November. JOHN CASPER, Floral, Oct. 14, 1875.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

A NICE OFFICE ROOM over Green's Drug Store for rent. Apply to J. P. SHORT.

Winfield Courier, October 21, 1875.

INDEPENDENT REFORMERS, buy your clothing of C. A. Bliss & Co., No. 229.


Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

A full blooded, war painted, feather-headed Kaw Indian is a mail carrier in Cowley County.

Ague extensively reported all over the State.


Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

The following excellent ticket was nominated last Saturday for the various township offices.

Trustee: J. S. Hunt.

Clerk: F. S. Bedilion.

Treasurer: B. F. Baldwin.

Justice of the Peace: W. E. Tansey.

Constables: Burt Covert and E. R. Evans.

Everyone of whom are well qualified for the various positions to which they have been nominated and will receive the support of all honest men.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.


Look out for bogus tickets on next Tuesday. We have reason to know that a lot of tickets will be scattered over the county with the name of Thos. H. Henderson instead of E. P. Kinne. The ticket is gotten up as near like the Republican ticket as they can make it; in fact, it is the straight ticket with that exception. Look out for it.


Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

Bro. S. W. Phenix, of Floral Grange, authorizes us to say that he hauled something over one hundred bushels of wheat to Wichita, for which he was offered but 80 cents per bushel. He did not sell but shipped through the Patrons' Commercial Agency, and this last week, Bro. J. G. Simpson, the agent, gave him his returns, which netted him one dollar and one and one half cents per bushel. Let the good work go on.

Floral Grange has resolved to be the banner Grange on the matter of taking stock in the Patrons' Commercial Agency at Wichita. Said Grange, by private subscription and the Grange at large, has taken eleven shares, and will take more should her sister Granges enter into the spirit of imitation, which has already prompted her members to such a worthy effort.


Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

Choice cigars at Boyer's.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

L. J. Webb has returned.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

John D. Pryor has a niece just come to town. Weight unknown.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

Sam Darrah is down at Ft. Gibson yet, putting up hay to ship south via Arkansas River this winter.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

C. M. Scott passed through town last Sunday, coming home from his professional courting trip at Leavenworth.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

Hank Clay has been nominated for Trustee in Sheridan, H. C. McDorman in Dexter, J. O. Wilkinson in Bolton.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

Col. J. M. Alexander started for Leavenworth yesterday to visit old friends and attend to business interests at the "whistling station." He will be gone about three weeks.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

Religious exercises in our city last Sunday were varied and numerous. Preaching in the morning and evening at the Presbyterian, Methodist, and Christian churches; Sabbath school at the stone church by the Union S. S. and also by the Methodists at the same time at their church. Rev. Adams, late of New York, preached his initiatory sermon as successor to Rev. McQuiston at the Methodist church, while Rev. Blevins, of Eldorado, delighted a large audience by a practical sermon at the Christian church. Arrangements were begun by the M. E. S. S. looking toward holding bi-monthly concerts. Surely we'll not want for religious exercises to attend the coming winter.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

Mr. Worden, of Vernon, struck the financial nail on the head in his speech the other night. He said, "What we want is that government be the bank, and loan us money at one percent, and take our property as security, then the poor man's millennium would come; then the laboring man would have an equal chance with the rich." Col. Manning suggested, "suppose your laboring man has no property by which to secure the government in the loan, then what can you do?" "Well," says Worden, "don't let him have the money then." There's where the trouble is. Your three thousand dollar farmer can borrow money on satisfactory terms now. It is the poor man who has no landed estate that wants easier terms.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

Miss Jennie Greenlee has introduced a new feature in her department of the Winfield schools. She is teaching the geography and topography of this township; the difference between a municipal and congressional township, and the manner in which sections, townships, and ranges are numbered. This is something that we have long advocated. A pupil should know in what county, township, and range he lives before being taught the tributaries of an unknown river in South Africa. Not because we are a draughtsman and map-maker do we say this, for any teacher ought to be able to make a map that would answer the purpose, but children should be taught early in life that which hereafter will be of practical service to them.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

The Concert.

The first concert of the Winfield Musical Institute was given at the Courthouse last Friday evening to a large and appreciative audience. We have not space to give it the mention it deserves. The participants were of our "home talent," and had we the ability to criticize, we would not speak one word but in the highest terms of praise of those who so generously furnished us with such an entertainment.

The concert was a success financially and otherwise.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

Railroad Meeting.

Railroad meeting at the Courthouse Tuesday night, Oct. 26th, 1875.

Meeting called to order for the purpose of discussing the railroad question; organized by electing Dr. Mansfield chairman, and Amos Walton secretary. Col. Alexander stated the object of the meeting to be to work up correspondence with different parties on the railroad question.

Mayor Millington spoke at some length of the necessity of such an enterprise and that action should be taken immediately in order to cooperate with the counties north of us at once. On motion D. A. Millington, J. E. Platter, M. L. Robinson, and J. C. Fuller were appointed as a committee to carry out the intention of said meeting. On motion, adjourned.

W. Q. MANSFIELD, Chairman.

A. WALTON, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.



Not much improvement going on this fall.

Quite a number of teams went to Wichita with wheat last week.

The Grange and Marriage Feast of Thursday evening last was a success. Everybody happy and plenty to eat and plenty to talk about, and a nice little dance at the end to fix `em in good shape for their "little beds." Ed Millard and his beautiful bride were the observed of all observers.

The farmers are about done sowing wheat; a few are still at work.

Mort. Mull has husked ninety bushels of corn per acre from his crop down on Silver Creek. Can any of your Walnut Valley farmers beat that?

Mr. Gould, who has been under the care of Dr. Thompson, is able to be about again.

Barney Shriver and wife, who have been ill for some time, are recovering.

The residence of Esq. Mays, with his household goods, was destroyed by fire last Saturday morning. Loss about three hundred dollars. This did not deter the Esq. from trying two cases that were set for that day. He managed to save the township records.

Some talk here of organizing a "Joint Coal Company" for the purpose of sinking a shaft. Experienced miners say that there is coal within sixty feet.

Tisdale, Oct. 24, 1875.


Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

Fresh baked pea-nuts at Jim. Hill's popular St. Nick.

Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.

The following teachers were in attendance at the examination last Friday and Saturday.

R. C. Story, Lazette.

Ella Clover, Lazette.

James Tull, Lazette.

Miles Smith, Lazette.

Belle Estes, New Salem.

Sarah Hovee, New Salem.

Lemuel Wilson, Rock.

A. D. Stevenson, Rock.

F. P. Stevenson, Rock.

Miss A. Pennington, Oxford.

R. C. Maurer, Dexter.

Monroe Wells, Dexter.

R. B. Overman, Dexter.

M. S. Ticer, Greenfield, Elk County.

Ella Wickersham, Tisdale.

E. A. Millard, Tisdale.

Robert Kerr, Beaver.

Mattie Ticer, Emporia.

Estelle Burnette, Arkansas City.

E. W. Holloway, Winfield.

Miss Jennie Holloway, Winfield.

Miss Amy Robertson, Winfield.

Miss Maggie Stansberry, Winfield.

Miss Mary E. Lynn, Winfield.

Mrs. Belle Seibert, Winfield.

Mortimer Snow, Winfield.

N. S. Mounts, Winfield.

Examination conducted by Superintendent Wilkinson, assisted by Professor A. B. Lemmon.


Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.


GRAHAM - POWELL. At the residence of the bride's father, in Coshocton County, Ohio, on the 23rd day of September, T. M. Graham to Carrie L. Powell.

The groom is one of our boys. Everybody in this section knows the modest Mell Graham, and none can be more surprised than we to know that he has got a life divorce from his old bachelor rooms in district 45. Mell showed his usual good sense by bringing back with him one of the fairest of the "Buckeye" daughters to help boss his ranche here in the valley. "One by one," they leave us. Winfield bachelors please take warning.


Winfield Courier, October 28, 1875.


THIRSK. On the 19th inst., at Floral, of cholera infantum, Nelson Arthur, youngest son of Robert and Mary E. Thirsk.

(Chicago papers please copy.)


Winfield Courier, November 4, 1875.

Recap. Paper crowed that the election went quietly and that the Republican Ticket was all elected.

Winfield Courier, November 4, 1875.


We are just in receipt of a letter from Senator Ingalls, saying that he will start to Washington about the end of the month to endeavor to have a further postponement of the sale of your lands. Now is your time to send up your prayers and petitions asking further time if you really desire it. His letter is in reply to one written to him by Mr. Stewart, asking for his interference in this matter. If the settlers on the strip send us their petitions, we will forward them to the Senator at Washington.

Winfield Courier, November 4, 1875.

Recap: More communications re railroads. J. S. Danford wrote to J. C. Fuller and P. B. Plumb also wrote to Fuller. This road would have been narrow gauge.


Winfield Courier, November 4, 1875.

Notice to Builders.

Sealed Bids for the erection of the First Presbyterian Church of Winfield will be received until Nov. 18th, 1875, at the office of Curns & Manser. The bids to be made out for the construction of either stone or brick, and according to plan and specifications at Read's Bank. The right to reject any and all bids is specially reserved. J. W. CURNS, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, November 4, 1875.



On Monday, the 15th day of November, 1875.

I will sell at my farm, one mile east of Winfield, my short-horn Durham Bull, Chancellor, and a herd of cattle consisting of 65 head of the best Domestic and Durham Milk Cows, Heifers, Steers, and Blooded Calves.

Also 75 head of pure Poland, China, and Berkshire Hogs, of the famous Shepherd & Alexander stock of Illinois.

And a Few Good Mares and Horses.

Sale positive and to commence promptly at 10 o'clock A. M.

Terms Cash.

This is a favorable opportunity for every farmer in the country to purchase good stock at reasonable prices.

All are invited to attend. R. B. SAFFOLD.

Winfield, Nov. 3, 1875.


Winfield Courier, November 4, 1875.



By direction of the Honorable Secretary of the Interior, the undersigned will receive sealed bids for the purchase of any or all on the unsold lands west of the Neosho River, along the southern line of the State of Kansas embraced within what is generally known as the "Cherokee Strip."

These lands are offered for sale in compliance with the provisions of an act of Congress approved May 11, 1872, [U. S. Statutes at Large, Vol. xvii, pp. 98 and 99.]

They will be sold to the highest bidder for cash, in quantities not exceeding one hundred and sixty acres, at not less than two dollars per acre for all of said lands lying east of the Arkansas River, and one dollar and fifty cents per acre for such lands as lie west of said River.

Printed lists, describing the lands hereby offered for sale by their proper legal subdivisions and indicating the minimum price at which each tract is held, will be sent by mail to the address of any person making application therefor to the Commissioner of the General Land Office, or to the Register and Receiver of the local offices at Wichita and Independence, Kansas.

Persons offering to purchase may bid for as many tracts as they may desire, but each bid must be separately made and sealed, and must be for not more than one hundred and sixty acres, (and conform to the legal subdivisions embraced in the list.)

Bids must be accompanied by 10 percent of the amount bid as a guarantee of the good faith of the bidder, which sum, in case the land is awarded and the balance not paid, will be forfeited. Should any bid be rejected, the sum deposited will be returned to the proper party.

Parties whose bids are accepted will be notified of such acceptance as soon after the opening of the bids as practicable, and if within forty days after such notice has been duly mailed payment in full be not made to the Commissioner of the General Land Office on the amount bid, the land upon which said bid was made will be again subject to sale.

The ten percent deposit required to accompany bids may be remitted in Post Office orders, certificates of deposit, certified checks on some Government depository payable to the order of the Commissioner of the General Land Office, or in currency.

The right to reject any and all bids is expressly reserved.

All bids must be sealed and addressed to the "Commissioner of the General Land Office, Washington, D. C.," and indorsed "Bids for Cherokee Strip Lands."

Bids will be received as above invited until 12 o'clock noon on the thirtieth day of November, 1875, after which they will be duly opened and acted upon.


Commissioner of the General Land Office.

Washington, D. C., Sept. 15, 1875.


[Editorial Page.]

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.


With this issue of the COURIER the undersigned is before you as its editor and publisher. There is work to be done for Cowley County. Through no medium can more be accomplished than a newspaper. I want the paper to make enough money to pay me for the time I devote to it. It shall not be an engine of malice or hate, or for the redress of personal grievances. Until a highway to the sea is built, I shall not lay down the pen. Until then, work. As the voice of Cowley County, the COURIER is for the men that will aid that work and against the men that neglect it. On this question the southwest means business and Cowley County loads the van. The COURIER desires the friendship of every man, woman, and child in Cowley County. It will be so conducted as to deserve it while under the control of E. C. MANNING.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.


Having leased the COURIER to Col. E. C. Manning, I retire from its management, at least, for a time. I certainly regret to part with the readers of the paper, but poor health and an advantageous office is my only apology, if indeed one be required. To those in arrears I would say, that during the entire grasshopper season you have not been asked to pay up, now I expect you to come in and pay, or send in the amount you know yourselves to be owing. To each of you `tis but a trifle, to me it is a matter of some three hundred dollars. I need the money.

Col. Manning needs no introduction from me to the people of Cowley County except to say that he is a practical printer with years of journalistic experience, and the COURIER cannot fail, under his management, to take rank with the foremost weeklies of the State.

Very respectfully, JAMES KELLY.


Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.

Funeral Services. A large audience attended the funeral services last Tuesday of the late Mrs. S. D. Pryor.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.

The foundation for the new Presbyterian church is completed. It is quite an imposing looking wall, two feet thick and in some places six feet in length. J. F. Bullene, builder.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.

R. F. Burden's majority for Commissioner in the 3rd District over the defunct Osage chief, Nump-ka-walla, was 436. The entire vote of his district was only 437. An overwhelm ing majority.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.

Judge Saffold advertised his stock sale in the COURIER one week and before its next issue, he had the whole outfit sold to W. L. Mullen, a COURIER subscriber.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.

DIED. A family of movers camped on Timber Creek in this county last week, and during the night lost a child a few months old by strangulation. The child wore a close fitting cap or covering on the head, fastened under the chin by a string. In some manner the string became so tightened during the night as to cause death.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.

The bridge south of town is attempting to conform to the advice of the noble Horace G. It's "going West," and unless something is done to it soon, it will go South via the Walnut River. Immediate steps should be taken to save it. Twelve hundred dollars will put it in good shape. If not attended to at once, the township will lose six thousand dollars and the use of the bridge.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.

The Winfield Township ticket created some strife at the late election. The Republicans elected all their candidates, however, but W. E. Tansey, the Republican candidate for justice of the peace, failed to get the certificate of election notwithstanding he received about thirty majority. The judges of election refused to count about forty ballots that had the names of two candidates for justices of the peace upon them. This they did under the law as they understood it. It was well known however that Mr. Tansey was being voted for the vacant office and that A. G. Green was being voted for the vacancy that is thought will occur next spring. The judges undoubtedly erred, and consequently Mr. J. W. Curns received the certificate. The officers are: Trustee, J. H. Hunt; Clerk, E. S. Bedilion; Treasurer, B. Baldwin; Justice of the Peace, J. W. Curns; Constables, Ed. Evans and Burt Covert.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.

The following is a list of the Trustees elected for the ensuing year in the several townships.

Beaver: R. H. True.

Bolton: John Linton.

Creswell: A. Chamberlain.

Cedar: L. W. Miller.

Dexter: H. C. McDorman.

Harvey: R. S. Strother.

Liberty: W. S. Williamson.

Maple: Fred Moe.

Nennescah: L. Stout.

Omnia: W. H. Gillard.

Otter: Thomas Share.

Pleasant Valley: Samuel Wait.

Richland: J. W. Miller.

Rock Creek: J. F. Williams.

Silver Creek: Z. W. Hoge.

Spring Creek: W. W. Thomas.

Silverdale: B. A. Davis.

Sheridan: W. H. Clay.

Tisdale: S. S. Moore.

Vernon: E. D. Skinner.

Windsor: C. W. Jones.

Winfield: J. S. Hunt.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.


There will be a Teachers' Examination held at Winfield, Kansas, Saturday, November 20th, 1875. All applicants failing to avail themselves of said examination will have to wait until the time of holding the County Institute, in the spring of 1876.

T. A. WILKINSON, County Supt.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.

EDITOR COURIER! Having sold my entire herd of cattle and hogs to Mr. W. L. Mullen at private sale, there will be no public sale of stock at my farm on the 15th inst., as advertised in the last issue of your paper. Will you please insert this notice and oblige.

Yours, very respectfully, R. B. SAFFOLD.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.

The Sunday School Concert.

The first of a proposed series of Sunday School Concerts came off at the Courthouse last Sunday evening, as was previously announced. The evening was splendid, the audience large, and the exercises good. It was a "free for all" concert, which may or may not account for the unusually large audience. We never knew that there were so many children in this town till last Sunday night. We counted fourteen twins as they stood on the platform singing, all looking alike, clean, and pretty. The difficulty on determining which was which when their exercises came on was obviated by each one having a number.

The little fellows did the best. Some of them rendered their parts like "grown people." Masters Graham, Robinson, and McClelland deserve special mention.

The very small girls, too small almost to have names, performed their parts and spoke their pieces very nicely.

Those who took part in it, one and all, did well. The "usual collection" was taken up.


Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.


PRYOR. November 7th, 1875, at Winfield, Lewellyr I. Pryor, wife of S. D. Pryor, aged 23 years and 8 months.

Mrs. Pryor was the daughter of R. B. Waite, Esq., of this city, and was married to S. D. Pryor last January. She had endeared herself to all who knew her and was fairly and comfort ably settled in a happy home with a companion for life. That life, alas, was too short. She left an infant but a few days old to cheer the sorrowing husband. Mrs. Pryor was a native of Jefferson County, New York, where the advantages of cultivated society and educational opportunities had prepared her for a life of happiness and usefulness. Many friends in the new home sympathize with the stricken parties and bereaved husband in this unlooked for, and as far as human ken can know, mysterious affliction.

Mrs. S. D. Pryor was buried in the new cemetery south of town.


Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.

Attention, School Boards.

A competent teacher, holding a first-grade certificate, experienced in teaching in this county, would like a school, beginning the last of December or the first of January.

Address "Teacher," COURIER office.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.

At Cost.

Mrs. A. H. Gibson will sell goods for the next 30 days at cost. Come one, come all.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.


The highest cash price will be paid for Corn at the Winfield Tunnel Mills. Corn, wheat, and rye wanted immediately. IRA E. MOORE.

Winfield Courier, November 11, 1875.


Will Grind Wheat or Corn

And Exchange Flour or Corn Meal.

Grists put up Promptly, Night or Day.

Saw Mill Attachment!!

Will saw logs on short notice. Lumber for sale or exchange for wheat.




Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

The A. T. & S. F. trains will run into Pueblo in November.

A ton of butter passed over the L. L. & G. one day last week.

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.


Last Friday, Nov. 14th, a large and earnest railroad meeting was held at Eldorado. Messrs. Meigs, Channell, McMullen, and Christian, from Arkansas City; Millington and Manning of Winfield, and Holmes and Lee, of Rock Township, were the representatives from Cowley County.

A large turn-out of active men of Butler County were present, and C. V. Eskridge, P. B. Plumb, E. P. Bancroft, and others from Emporia, and Messrs. Danford and Schenk of Osage City, and C. K. Holliday and Lakin, of Topeka, were present.

The meeting organized at 2 p.m. by choosing Neil Wilkie, of Douglass, as chairman. Mr. Bancroft, of Emporia, in a clear and comprehensive manner, presented statistics showing the advantage to the people and company of constructing a narrow gauge railroad in comparison to a wide gauge road.

Gov. Eskridge then spoke at some length demonstrating the ability of the people along the line to build and own a road from Emporia into the Walnut Valley.

Interesting speeches were made by Col. Plumb, D. A. Millington, and others.

Finally the citizens of Butler County present selected eight persons to cooperate with the representatives of Cowley in drafting articles of incorporation for a railroad company. After several hours of conference the two counties by their representatives agreed upon a charter form road beginning at Emporia, and run by the Walnut Valley to the south line of the State below Arkansas City.

The following named gentlemen were chosen directors.

P. B. Plumb, H. C. Cross, and A. A. Baker: Emporia.

J. C. Becker: Chelsie.

T. B. Murdock and A. L. Redden: Eldorado.

E. L. Akin: Augusta.

A. Cox: Walnut City.

Neil Wilkie: Douglass.

J. E. Platter and J. C. Fuller: Winfield.

J. C. McMullen and S. P. Channell: Arkansas City.

The corporation is named the Walnut Valley R. R. Company.

The directors are to meet in Emporia on 23rd inst., to put the enterprise in motion. Of their action, we shall keep our readers posted. If possible, we shall attend the meeting.


Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

THE K. C. B. & S. FE R. R.

The editor of this paper has received a long letter from Hon. W. H. Schofield, of Williamsburg, Franklin County, who is president of the above named railroad company, in which the question of constructing that line down the Walnut Valley is discussed.

[Manning then gives extracts from letter.]

PERTINENT PART: "I think if the people could vote in city, township, and county bonds, a donation in aid of our line of road from Burlington to and through your county in the direction of Santa Fe, or to a connection with the great Southern Pacific, I could, I think, ensure you a railroad to your county in a short time."


Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

J. C. Fuller's six thousand pound fire and burglar proof safe has arrived.

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

A sow and four pigs offered in exchange for corn. Enquire at this office.

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

The Band boys will give a dance at the Courthouse next Thursday evening.

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

Six weddings in one week and no cake for the printer, and it not a "grasshopper year" either! What a country and what a people!

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

The advertising columns of the COURIER show a new real estate firm in Winfield. MANNING & WALTON will do a real estate business in the office next north of the post office. Their familiarity with the people and land of the county ought to enable them to be useful to their customers. Persons having land or town property for sale should consult them for purchasers.







Pay taxes for non-residents, furnish abstracts of title, procure patents for land,



A General Real Estate Business.



In Cowley County

For Sale to actual settlers at $1.25 PER ACRE

on one years' time without interest.

For information as to its location apply to


Persons wishing to FILE ON LAND or MAKE THEIR PROOFS for entry should call on us.


The following Lots and Tracts of Land are in our hands for sale.


Block 148, lots 17, 18, at $50 each.

Block 147, lot 6, at $75.

Block 146, lots 3, 10, 11, 12, at $50 each.

Block 145, lots 4, 5, 6, 7, at $45 each.

Block 131, lot 2, at $75; lots 7 and 8 at $60 each.

Block 130, lot 7, at $80.

Block 127, lot 17, at $75; lots 18 at $100.

Block 126, lot 14, at $75.

Block 111, lot 6, at $80.

Block 91, lots 4, 5, 6, at $60 each.

Block 89, lots 7, 8, 10, at $50 each.

Block 88, lot 12, at $50, and 176, 18 at $80 each.

Block 70, lots, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, at $35 each.

Block 185, lots 7, 8, 9, at $40 each.

Block 186, lots, 1, 2, 3, 10, 11, 12, at $40 each.

Block 271, lots, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, at $40 each.

Block 170, lots 7, 8, at $40 each.

Block 169, lots 11, 12, at $40 each.

Block 168, lots 9, 10, 11, at $40 each.

Block 166, lots 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, at $40 each.

Block 151, lot 4, at $50.

Block 149, lot 1, at $50; lot 6, at $75, and lot 11, at $100.

1. TEN ACRES in the town site of Arkansas City, beautifully located, for $1,000.

2. SIXTY ACRES of bottom land within eighty rods of the town site of Winfield for $1,500; all under fence, 16 acres in cultivation, timber for firewood.

3. TWENTY-FIVE ACRES adjoining the town site of Winfield for $1,000.

4. SIX ACRES adjoining the town of Winfield for $400.

5. AN UNENTERED 80 ACRE TRACT, 8 miles from town, with house, well, and ten acres in cultivation for $120.

6. AN UNENTERED 160 ACRE TRACT, 5 miles from town, with house, and 20 acres in cultivation for $50.

7. TWO HUNDRED ACRES ten miles north of Winfield on the west side of the Walnut River. 110 acres of bottom land, 30 acres timber, 115 acres in cultivation, 45 acres in wheat, 40 acres fenced, good frame house, well, stable, 40 fruit trees. Low for CASH.



1. Taxes are due November 1st, and the whole of one-half of the same may be paid on or before December 20th, without penalty. . . . [Nine items given.]


Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

With pleasure we note the arrival in our midst of Rev. Blevins, an old resident of Eldorado and late Superintendent of Public Instruction of Butler County. He is a gentleman of more than ordinary ability; a good pulpit orator; pleasing in address, and withal a sociable and agreeable citizen.

The Christian Church has done well in selecting him as their pastor, and Winfield society has done equally so by securing in him a live and useful member.

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

DIED. The sudden and unexpected death of Samuel J. Darrah caused a shock in this community. He had been for some weeks near Ft. Gibson putting up hay and being unwell, had started home. He failed so fast that death overtook him at a trading ranch fifteen miles below Elgin, in the Territory, Nov. 10th. None of his family were present. His wife had heard of his sickness and immediately started to meet him; but alas, was too late. His spirit had departed. His remains were brought here for burial.

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

Arkansas City has three lawyers, no saloon, no drunks, no whiskey, no police officers, and no one in the caboose. Winfield jail contains a crazy man, and one addicted to over- dosing with corn juice. Arkansas City Traveler.

Correct. Winfield has twelve lawyers, two saloons, 0,000 drunks, plenty of whiskey, live police officers, and two boarders in her twenty-five hundred dollar jail. Yet with all these blessings (?), Winfield does not pay one iota of city tax. Arkansas City, the highly moral and economic town, pays ten mills on the dollar as a city tax. How do you like that for a contrast, Mr. Traveler?

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

The New Dexter.

We finished surveying the beautiful town site of Dexter last Saturday. It is laid out "with the Grouse Valley" crossing the section lines at an angle of thirty-three degrees. Twenty- three acres more of choice land is converted into blocks, lots, streets, and alleys. The town company showed good judgment in having their streets made wide, particularly Main street, which is one hundred feet. An adverse claimant to a part of the land, causing a "red tape" contest, has prevented an earlier organization of a town company here, and building up of a much needed trading post at this point. Now having a "send-off," if it don't make strides equal to Bonner's celebrated "Dexter," we will not be to blame. Success to the next candidate for public favor.

Due to lack of a quorum, this is first city council meeting in some time.


Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

City Council Proceedings.

WINFIELD, KAN., Nov. 15, 1875.

City Council met November 11th, 1875, at 7 o'clock P.M.

Present: N. M. Powers, J. M. Dever, C. C. Black, Councilmen, and B. F. Baldwin, City Clerk.

There being no quorum present, adjournment to meet on Monday, November 22nd, at 7-1/2 P.M.

The Council would like all the businessmen and citizens generally to meet with them at that time as they think of providing fire apparatus of some kind, and making a special levy to raise money for that purpose, and asks an expression of the tax-payers before it is done. Come out, one and all! B. F. BALDWIN, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.


Serviss and Merydith have threshed over twenty-five thousand bushels of grain this season. They are still at work, running early and late.

Dr. Wagner has had considerable riding to do this fall, but is now taking a rest. The sickly season is over and quinine is below par.

Thomas R. Bryan is teaching the Dexter school. He is giving good satisfaction. Whether as a legislator, candidate for treasurer, or schoolmaster, T. R. Bryan makes a whole team.

To show their appreciation of the good school now being taught, D. M. Patten, Tom Smith, and several others have moved into town so their children might attend this winter.

The wheat prospect of this township is as good if not better than that of any township in the county.

Miss Let Smith is visiting her relatives in Michigan.

Meigs & Kinne have sold their new steam saw and grist mill to the Carter Bro.'s, of Arkansas City. The boys are doing a rushing business. They run day and night, grinding at the rate of fifteen bushels per hour and yet cannot keep ahead of their custom work.


Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

[Note: Wirt W. Walton mentions earlier "Six Weddings in one week." Wonder why he did not record the other three weddings?]


COCHRAN - PRATER. On the 10th inst. by the Rev. J. E. Platter, Mr. Jethro Cochran to Miss Frank Prater, all of this township.

IRVIN - BURT. On the 8th inst., by the Rev. J. C. Adams, Mr. H. C. Irvin to Miss Ruie Burt, all of Sheridan Township.

FOWLER - SIMMONS. On the 19th instant, by the Rev. J. E. Platter, Mr. N. Fowler to Miss L. Simmons, all of this county.


Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

Union Thanksgiving Service.

There will be Union Thanksgiving service at the M. E. Church house, on Thursday the 25th inst., at 11 o'clock A.M. Discourse by John Blevins. All are invited to attend and participate in giving thanks to the "Giver of every good and perfect gift."





Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

Notice to Wood Thieves.

I know who steals my wood, having twice seen the party. When he comes again, I shall give him a load of buckshot. L. J. WEBB.

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.


The Building Committee of the Presbyterian Church have concluded to extend the time for receiving bids for the erection of the church for thirty days from Nov. 18, 1875. See notice for bids in another column. [Notice same as first other than change of date.]

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

Members of Winfield Grange No. 805 are requested to be present at the next regular meeting, on the 23rd inst., at the Courthouse, as there is business of importance to transact.

S. E. BURGER, Secretary.

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

A two story stone house and block of land in Eudora, Kansas, for sale or exchange for land in Cowley County or property in Winfield. Enquire of


Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

Lime! Lime!!

W. L. Fortner has lime for sale, in quantity to suit purchasers, at his kiln one half mile northeast of this City.

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

Just received, at Mrs. L. H. Howard's, a nice assortment of Ready-made Cloaks.

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

Forty-five different kinds of candies, fresh from the factory, at Jim Hill's.

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

Fresh baked pea-nuts at Jim. Hills's popular St. Nick.

Winfield Courier, November 18, 1875.

[Skipped County Commissioners Special Session covering claims against the county. Total amount claimed: $1,546.77. Total amount allowed: $1,495.77. Also skipped County Treasurer's Quarterly Statement up to November 1, 1875, as well as School Tax Fund and School Bond Fund in November 18, 1875, issue.


Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

The city council of the city of Newton has purchased two 100 gallon Champion Fire Extinguishers; for which the city pays $750 each, in two annual payments.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

William Berkey has on his farm, three miles northwest of Arkansas City, on the Arkansas, thousands of volunteer cotton plants that anyone can have by going after them. Heretofore they have been sold.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

Steinbarger, of the Longton Courant, has taken in a partner. Its a nine pounder and will wear an effeminate name.


Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

If you want to rent your house, Manning & Walton will find you a tenant.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

John D. Pryor has a beautiful new organ set up in his bachelor rooms.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

Mr. Kelly has had a well and cellar dug at his residence on Ninth avenue.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

O. J. Hackney, P. M. at Wellington, made us a pleasant call last Monday.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

L. J. Webb has taken up winter quarters in the neat law office of A. H. Green.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

Mayor Millington is attending the Winfield Bank during Mr. Fuller's temporary absence.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

T. E. Gilleland is erecting a neat dwelling house on the block south of the old Bradish House site.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

J. W. Johnston has a fine lot of picture frames, wall brackets, what-nots, and the like ready for the holiday trade.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

Don't forget the dance to be given by the Band boys at the Courthouse tonight. The best of music will be in attendance.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

Will Allison advertises for ten cords of wood. Wonder if he expects to warm those feet through with only ten cords!

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

Miss Anna Melville has just graduated at the Kansas City Commercial College and is now teaching school at the little village of Plymouth, near Emporia.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

J. G. Bullene has just completed a nice stone monument, cut from our native marble. An experienced eye can scarce detect it from the genuine foreign article.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

Mr. Holloway is making some fine improvements to his "valley farm," four miles east of town. An "addition," with a cost of paint over the entire house, and a stable and granaries are the noticeable ones.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

Col. J. M. Alexander has returned. Leavenworth, he thinks, is a nice place, but too far away from Winfield to ever make much of a town.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

Messrs. Manning, Fuller, and Green left last Sunday morning for Wichita. Colonel Manning and Green will attend the U. S. court at Topeka, and Mr. Fuller goes to meet the other directors of the Walnut Valley R. R. Co. at Emporia.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

Our "senior," Col. Manning, is off on a trip to the State capital, leaving us in charge of the pencil and scissors for the week. This is our first attempt at spreading ourself over nine columns of the COURIER. If it should show up a little thin in spots, attribute it towell, we don't care what.


Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.


LEMMON - FLINT. At the residence of the bride's father, D. A. Millington, on Wednesday evening, the 24th inst., by Rev. J. E. Platter, Allen B. Lemmon to Clara M. Flint, all of this city. Attendants: Mr. J. Ex Saint and Miss Ada Millington.

A pleasant little party assembled in the home of our Mayor last evening, to witness the nuptials of the happy pair. The groom, Prof. Lemmon, Principal of our Winfield city schools, though having been with us but a short time, is well known and highly respected by the entire community. Of the fair bride we need say nothing. She is one of the few noble women "whom to know is to love."

Her friends resign her to the care of one who has promised to "love, cherish, and protect" her through all the trials of coming years. The union is indeed a happy one. May peace, prosperity, and unalloyed happiness attend them through life, is the wish of the writer and their many friends.

Topeka, Fort Scott, and Independence papers please copy.


Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.


`Squire Ramage has disposed of his upland farm.

Miss Ella Clover has opened school in the district north of Lazette.

Mr. Polk Tull is teaching in the Armstrong schoolhouse.

Our mill is running day and night, and customers come in from four counties.

The Literary Society at the Gardenhire schoolhouse has opened its winter session.

Farmers are very busy gathering corn, and the demand for help is greater than the supply.

The wheat of Grouse Valley looks very thrifty, though a few warm rains would help many fields.

DIED. The many friends of Henry Wilkins will be sorry to learn of the death of his infant daughter, which occurred on the 13th inst.

DIED. John Moser buried his oldest daughter, Mary, last Monday, and Solomon Mooney lost a child, one year old, the previous Saturday.

Reports from the late prairie fires continue to come in, and the losses incurred thereby are shown to be heavier than was at first thought.

Thomas Clover met with quite an accident in having a foot slip under the wheel of a loaded log-wagon. The foot was considerably bruised and crushed.

Mac Stapleton, in company with Lieutenant Dale, went into Elk County in search of Mac's fugitive steeds. The party returned, bringing the horses with them.

Our mail contractor has been bringing us the mails about three times a month of late. The COURIER of last week failed to come in, and our Republican brethren were not favored with a sight at Kelly's rooster.

J. P. McDaniels has the contract for the stone-work of the new mill. J. P. Kinne was given the contract for digging the race.

LAZETTE, November 18, 1875.


Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

The Next Concert.

The Concert to be given by the Winfield Musical Association on the evening of December 3rd promises to be the best entertainment ever offered to a Winfield audience. It will consist in selections from the rarest and best authors. Solos, duets, and quartettes are being practiced nightly by this organization. The programme, however, will be varied. A serio-comic song, with clog dance accompaniment, will be a laughable after piece, while the pretty fine instrumental pieces in preparation will give us something to admire and remember. The stage platform will be enlarged to suit the better convenience and to match the beautiful curtains purchased by the society. We expect to see the Courthouse crowded to its utmost capacity on this particular evening.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

At the feast given by Bethel Grange last Saturday night, the schoolhouse was so crowded and the air so dense that a lady fainted, and Capt. Hunt came very near doing so. What a splendid opportunity to deliver a lecture and dilate upon the "injury to health," "breaking of physical laws," etc., attendant upon such gatherings. What a picture could we draw. House crowded; atmosphere heavy and impure; lady faints; is carried home. We follow her, only we don't. We stay with the rest and help eat the good things brought for that purpose. This is overdrawn of course. It was intended to be. The moral, if it contains any, is: Have your public halls well ventilated.

Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

W. T. Cowgill, of La Salle County, Illinois, the purchaser of the Hoge farm, eight miles south of town, arrived yesterday. Some twenty families await his report of this county, preparatory to coming out and permanently locating with us. He says it seems that every other man he meets here is from his native State. Of course, he is well pleased with Cowley.


Winfield Courier, November 25, 1875.

County Warrants to be Paid.


By virtue of authority given by an Act of the Legislature of the State of Kansas, approved February 10th, 1875, entitled "An Act to amend Section Sixty-nine of Chapter Twenty-five, General Statutes of Eighteen Hundred and Sixty-eight," I hereby give notice that the principal and accrued interest of County Warrants herein below described will be paid at the County Treasurer's Office, in Winfield, on and after the 1st day of November, 1875, and that the interest on said warrants will cease on that day. E. B. KAGER, County Treasurer.

By F. GALLOTTI, Deputy.

Names of parties to whom warrants are payable:

M. G. TROUP: 29 WARRANTS [$5/$10/$20] TOTAL DUE: $330.00.

AND. DAWSON: 1 WARRANT - $25.00.








B. A. DAVIS: 1 WARRANT - $33.00.

A. J. PYBURN: 12 WARRANTS - $127.50.

HOUGHTON & CO.: 18 WARRANTSVARIOUS AMOUNTS [$20.75; $11.65; $12.40; $10.30; $27.75; $14.64; $13.80; $7.00; $18.15; $10.15; $10.15; $6.25; $5.70; $2.45; $18.15; $7.10; $14.00; $2.65.]

W. A. FREEMAN: 2 WARRANTS - $30.00.

R. S. STROTHER: 4 WARRANTS - $48.00.

R. F. BURDEN: 4 WARRANTS - $32.00.


J. W. MILLER - 2 WARRANTS - $30.00.

[Skipped the County Treasurer's Notice of Tax Roll, School Tax, and School Bond Tax for District in November 25, 1875, Issue.]


Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

From the Longton, Howard County Ledger, we learn that a railroad company has recently been incorporated for the purpose of running a line from Osage Mission, Neosho County, to Winfield, Cowley County, by the way of Thayer, Fredonia, and Howard City. A number of the best men of Neosho and Wilson counties are taking an active part in the advancement of this new and much needed enterprise and we can see no reason that those of Elk and Cowley counties should not come forward and manifest the same interest.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

Manning has a long article about "The Coming Railroad." He advocates a narrow gauge, which he says can be built to Winfield by September 1876, called Walnut Valley R. R. Company. Stresses that road can move wheat to Emporia and then Kansas City.

"A narrow gauge is within our reach. A broad gauge is not. As now situated it costs the farmers of Cowley thirty cents per bushel to put their wheat into Kansas City. Twelve months from now they may put it there for less than ten cents.

"New year's wheat crop will produce an excess for market of at least 500,000 bushels. Twenty cents per bushel on this is 100,000 dollars. This saving of 100,000 dollars is all that Cowley need give to secure the road."


Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.



November 20th, 1875.


SIR: With reference to the petition of certain settlers in Kansas, asking for a postpone ment of the sale of the "Cherokee Strip Lands," in said State, filed by you in this office.

I have to inform you that in reply to a communication from the Department transmitting a similar petition with your endorsement, I have this day made response to the effect that a large expense has been incurred in the matter of advertising said lands; that many bids have been received, and each day brings an additional number; that the settlers have already had repeated extensions of time in which to comply with the law; that the Cherokee delegates protest against further delay, and that the fartherest limit consistent with good faith and the regard for treaty obligations has been reached and further postponement would result in no advantage to the Indians, the Government, or the general public; and for these reasons, together with others which occur to me, I am not disposed to recommend any further delay in carrying out the expressed wish of Congress. I am, Sir, very respectfully,

Your obedient servant, S. S. BURDETT, Commissioner.


Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.


WEST BOLTON, Nov. 27th, 1875.

EDITOR COURIER: The subject, all absorbing and most important to us, that of a railroad, is being at present largely discussed. Broad gauge or narrow, Arkansas City must have a railroad. And Arkansas City is just as determined to be the terminus of all roads running south. But wait. Through Arkansas City over the river (which is named for the City, or the City for it, a difficult question to decide by the way), through innumerable sand hills over a shaking rotten, dangerous old bridge, and here is Bolton Township. How many bushels of wheat and corn has that Traveler boasted have come from Bolton? We have hauled our produce to Wichita but we refuse to haul it to Arkansas City. If the railroad runs only to Arkansas City, it will come without aid from Bolton. It will come with the united votes of Bolton opposed to any bonded indebtedness. Not one dollar from us unless that railroad runs, as it ought, to the State line. The people of this little city in their desire to enrich themselves, may yet write the epitaph to their own lost fortunes. S. B.


Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.


Directors present:

P. B. Plumb, H. C. Cross, A. A. BakerLyon County.

A. L. Redden, Neil Wilkie, T. B. Murdock, and J. C. Becker by T. B. Murdock as proxyButler County.

J. C. Fuller, S. P. Channell, and J. E. Platter, by E. C. Manning as proxyCowley County.

On motion E. C. Manning was chosen chairman and T. B. Murdock secretary of the meeting.

Resolved to construct, equip, and operate a railroad from Emporia and to Arkansas City by Oct. 1, 1877, on most practicable route.


P. B. Plumb, Emporia, President.

J. C. Fuller, Winfield, Vice President.

H. C. Cross, Emporia, Treasurer.

T. B. Murdock, Eldorado, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

Notice of Final Settlement.

In the Probate Court of Cowley County, State of Kansas.

In the matter of the estate of Cyrus L. Flint.

NOTICE is hereby given to all creditors and others interested in said estate that the undersigned will apply to the Judge of said Court on Monday, the 3rd day of January, 1876, at 1 o'clock P.M., for final settlement of said estate. D. A. MILLINGTON, Administrator.

Winfield, Nov. 24th, 1875.



Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.


The undersigned will receive written proposals for bids for furnishing Forty Cords of wood for the County until December 10th, 1875. The wood to be mixed green and dry, and delivered at the Courthouse in Winfield as needed, and payment made in Cowley County scrip. R. L. WALKER, Sheriff.

Dec. 1, 1875.


Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

Skating parties are now in order.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

And now Sam. Myton has a new safe.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

"Heap big brave and dirty squaw" in town yesterday.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

J. C. Fuller is having his bank counters varnished and grained.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

Our streets are in excellent condition. Thanks to an efficient city district road supervisor.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

E. P. Kinne, Register of Deeds elect, has removed up from the City, and will henceforth be "one of us." Winfield welcomes him.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

A diagram of reserved seats for tomorrow night's concert can be found at Doctor Mansfield's drug store. Buy your tickets now.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

After quite a lengthy visit among friends in Chicago, Mrs. N. L. Rigby has returned home. Her nephew, Mr. C. C. Haskins and wife, came down with her.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

In the communion services at the Presbyterian church last Sunday Elder Platter was greatly aided by Rev. S. B. Fleming, pastor of the Presbyterian church of Arkansas City.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

On Christmas Eve, the M. E. Sunday School will have a Christmas tree at the courthouse. Old St. Nicholas will be there with lots of presents for the children, so the boys and girls may expect a good time.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

We learn that Mr. Bradshaw and family, who have recently come amongst us from the blue grass regions of interior Kentucky, have rented the Valley House and will live there till they purchase farms in this vicinity that suit them.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

The boys of this office desire to return thanks to Mr. and Mrs. Lemmon for a bountiful supply of choice cake.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

The pleasant home of our genial Doc. Austin has been made doubly so for the past few weeks by the presence of his wife's mother, Mrs. W. C. Swift and daughter. They left for their own home in Michigan this week.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

The ball given by the Silver Cornet Band on last Thursday evening was well attended. The music, led by Charlie Crane, was unexceptionable. The company, composed of our very best society, seemed to enjoy it thoroughly. The ball was a success financially as well as socially.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

ACCORDING to the Traveler, Arkansas City does not tax her merchants, auctioneers, hucksters, and "now-you-see-it-and-now-you-don't-see-it" class of people. Winfield does, except the levying of a $10 tax on her merchantsthis she has not done the past yearand that is the way we raise our revenue, hence we have no city tax to pay. If the City would make those roving peddlers, Kaw Indians, and like nuisances pay a tax into her depleted coffers, her citizens wouldn't be groaning under their "ten mill on the dollar" today. Try another "contrast," Scott.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

TOM CONCANNON, the pioneer photographer, while coming over from Parsons, and while changing his shoes for boots, and engaged in pulling one on, fell under the wheel, which passed over his head and broke his nose. He was picked up insensible and carried to Cherryvale, where his wounds were dressed. He is now at his brother J. H.'s in this city. Independence Tribune.

We guess this must be the same "Con." that used to perambulate our streets with a noticeable hop-skip-and-jump, caused by a fractured limb. If it is, he'll be well. A wagon wheel passing over his cheek won't kill him. We are surprised that his nose is injured. Of course, we are sorry. Con., with all his shortcomings, is a jolly frontiers man. Many faces in this town have a queer look about them yet, caused by straining at Con's "camera" for a "good" picture in the early days.


Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.


SMITH - RIGBY. At the residence of A. T. Gay, near Tisdale, on the 23rd ult., by Esquire Handy, Mr. William M. Smith and Miss Mary Higby, all of this county.

CURTIS - STEELE. At the residence of Mr. Cline, near Dexter, on the evening of November 12th, by Esquire Bryan, Mr. W. W. Curtis and Miss Nellie Steele, all of Grouse Creek, Cowley County.

This notice was handed us by Mr. Bryan while at Dexter recently but got misplaced. We hasten to make amends.


Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

Five hundred Pawnee Indians passed through town today. In the year 1603 they owned the entire domain from the Yellowstone to the Arkansas River, and numbered up in the tens of thousands.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.


There will be a stated Communication of Adelphi Lodge, No. 110, A. F. & A. M., Tuesday night, December 7th, at 7 o'clock. After the regular business the annual election of officers will take place. All members are expected to attend.

L. J. WEBB, W. M.

Winfield Courier, December 2, 1875.

Down, Down We Go!

Bed Rock is nowhere. I am prepared to drill wells from 1 to 1,000 feet deep, rock or no rock; will put in iron or wooden pumps, on short notice. Address me at, or call at my farm three miles west of Little Dutch, Kansas. B. J. DOWNING.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 9, 1875. Front Page.


A letter writer, who has been visiting New Mexico, tells some marvelous things about the ranche of one Mr. Chisum, who is perhaps the greatest herdsmen in the work, if the writer speaks true. "The man of the land of Oz" was not a more prosperous `king of beasts' than he appears to be."

The writer says: To the southeast of Santa Fe, near Fort Stanton, is the famous Chisum cattle ranche, containing about sixteen hundred sections of land, on which Mr. Chisum has at this time eighty thousand head of cattle. He claims that he can fill an order of forty thousand beeves, sent by telegraph from New York, on ten days notice. Be this as it may, he is the "cow king" of Mexico, to use a provincial phrase. He employs in all about one hundred "cow boys" or "cow punchers"and in other words, he employs many mounted men to picket the ranche day and night, winter and summer, to see that the cattle do not stray off the pasture selected by him for his own use. And like a sentinel walking his beat, the cattle guards ride up and down the lines, and are relieved with due regularity.

In the fall, about this time, they have the "cattle drives," which means taking these vast herds from the distant ranches to the market. They find a shipping point now at Wichita, or Great Bend, in Kansas; or at Granada or Las Animas, in Colorado. And whenever it is known at which point the important "drives" will strike, there is where the vultures are found. The cattle men are rough, generous, and often intemperate, and the gamblers and the prostitutes of the entire land look forward to fall trade with great anticipation. Very often the officers of the law are set at defiance, the cattle men and licentious women run the town, and the entire proceeds of ten thousand beeves squandered in a single night.


Winfield Courier, December 9, 1875.

A railroad is to be built from Omaha towards the Black Hills next summer.

Winfield Courier, December 9, 1875.

Thompson, the newly-elected chief of the Cherokees, is a full-blood and lives about twenty miles from Vinita. He is said to be uneducated, and speaks very little English, and that broken. He belongs to the progressive party, and received the support of Boudinot.

Winfield Courier, December 9, 1875.

Recap. Master A. S. William presided at district Grange meeting in Winfield, wherein resolutions were passed demanding construction of the Southern Pacific Railroad. Resolution stated that farming interests of Cowley County demanded such legislation by the Kansas Legislature as will enable a majority vote to extend such aid to a railroad company as will secure the construction of a railroad in said county at the earliest possible day.


Winfield Courier, December 9, 1875.

A new brand of cigars at C. A. Bliss's.

Winfield Courier, December 9, 1875.

Another new house going up on the Addition.

Winfield Courier, December 9, 1875.

High Fiske and Joseph Houser, of Rock, were down last Tuesday talking up the "narrow gauge."

Winfield Courier, December 9, 1875.

Several of the boys had to hunt a new boarding-house last Monday. Ex Saint and John Pryor were among the number.

Winfield Courier, December 9, 1875.

Mrs. Jacob Heffner, of Winfield Township, raised a two pound and six ounce carrot this season. Can anyone beat that in this valley?

Winfield Courier, December 9, 1875.

Loren F. Blodgett, one of Wellington's promising attorneys, has received the appointment of Postmaster at that place. O. J. Hackney resigned in order to take care of his farm, which will net him more money than the office.

Winfield Courier, December 9, 1875.

Mrs. Ury, of Fort Scott, accompanied by her accomplished daughter, Miss Jennie, arrived here Tuesday evening. Mr. O. N. Morris now has the pleasure of paying his daily respects to his esteemed mother-in-law. They will extend their visit till after holidays.

Winfield Courier, December 9, 1875.

You will notice in our columns the "ad" of Messrs. McBride & Green, brick-makers, late of Parsons, Kansas. They have purchased 9 acres of land of Manning & Walton, lying on Timber Creek adjoining the city, and have commenced work thereon. They are enterprising young men, and have come here to stay. We bespeak for them financial success in their undertaking. Give them your orders.

AD: Brick! Brick! McBRIDE & GREEN are now ready to take orders to furnish brick in any quantity from 100 to 100,000. They have purchased land at the edge of the Winfield townsite and have commenced the necessary improvements thereon. A Kiln of 150,000 will be burned as soon as the weather will permit. They are experienced in the business and Will Guarantee all orders filled. Those contemplating building in the spring should Send in Their Orders at once. Prices as Low as the Lowest. McBRIDE & GREEN, Winfield, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, December 9, 1875.

Mrs. Newman and her pleasant daughters, Anna and Lutie, started for Cherryvale last Sunday morning, where they expect to spend the winter visiting relatives. A daughter of Mrs. Newman, the wife of A. B. Carson, is lying quite ill there, which hastened their departure. The voice of Miss Anna will be missed from the Presbyterian choir as well as from other musical associations of our city. May they have a pleasant trip and a speedy return is the wish of their friends here.

Winfield Courier, December 9, 1875.

Mr. C. M. Wood is with us again, but for a visit only and to settle up his business matters. He leaves in a few days for his new home near Sandusky, Ohio. Mr. Wood is well known here and will leave many friends behind him. He was the first settler south of Timber Creek on the Walnut River. In the early days his roof was the only shelter for the new home seeker, and many an early settler in Cowley County remembers with kindly feelings the hospitable entertainment extended them by Mr. Wood and wife in the days when Mr. Osage was substantially "monarch of all he surveyed." His shingle hangs out now at Point Marble Head, Ottaway County, Ohio, showing that he is engaged in the stone trade. The firm of which he is senior member deals largely in Government contracts, furnishing heavy block stone for public parks.


Winfield Courier, December 9, 1875.

The Concert.

The concert given last Friday evening by the Winfield Musical Association for the benefit of their leader, Prof. Hoffman was a very creditable entertainment as well as a financial success. The Courthouse was crowded with a good humored audience. The performers did their "level best" to give satisfaction, and we believe they succeeded.

The choruses, songs, duets, and instrumental pieces were mostly from the best masters and well rendered. Several members of the association are very fine singers, but make no pretension to musical proficiency beyond what is met with in similar amateur organizations.

The initiatory performance of an "overture" by our Cornet Band was played by them in their usual clever manner. Prof. Hoffman's execution of the "Victoria March" made other than English hearts beat with delight.

To little Ida McMillen much praise is due for her rendition of "Carnival of Vienna." She performs sweetly on the piano. For the beautiful song, "No Tidings from over the Sea," we have to thank Miss Maggie Dever. A severe cold prevented the usual wide range of voice peculiar to her. Miss Ella Manly sang with much taste, "O, dear, the men are so Stupid," winning a rapturous encore from the elderly maids, men who have met their "fate," and mother-in-law in prospectus.

The "Passaic Waltz," a duet on the piano by Masters Richie and Harold Mansfield, was well done. For boys so young we think they perform excellently well.

OTHERS MENTIONED: T. J. Jones, Mr. Black, Gallotti, Dr. Mansfield, Mr. Swain, Jeanne and Edwin Holloway, Misses Stewart and Bryant, Jennie Holloway.



In Memoriam.

Lewellyr Birdie, infant daughter of S. L. Pryor, died Nov. 17th, 1875. Birdie now rests with her mother, who passed "to the brighter world" only ten days prior to her demise. [A poem was printed that had been written by Birdie's Uncle from Illinois.]


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 16, 1875. Front Page.

A $210,000 SALE.

The ranch of John S. Chisum, of Bosque Grand, New Mexico, was sold to Colonel R. D. Hunter, of St. Louis, the other day, for $210,000, one-half cash down.

The purchase includes the thirty thousand head of cattle now on the ranch. During the past summer Mr. Chisum has sold to Colorado, Kansas City, and St. Louis buyers, about twenty thousand head of beef cattle. Besides these, he has supplied some eight thousand head to contractors in New Mexico and Arizona.

The ranch extends along the Pecos River from Fort Sumner to Seven Rivers, a distance of 150 miles. East and west it extends as far as a man, mounted on a good horse, can ride during one summer; practically, as far on each side of the stream as stock can range without water. The range on both sides of the river is high, rolling prairie, covered with a thick, heavy growth of black gramma, a most nutritious grass. During this past summer the grass over much of this area has stood knee high to cattle.

The residence buildings are situated in the center of the ranch. Stations, or cow-camps, are located on the river at intervals of thirty and forty miles. Two hundred herders have been employed on the ranch the past summer. At one time this summer the horses numbered six thousand head. A successful raid by redskins reduced this number about one thousand. Col. Hunter, the purchaser of this vast estate, will engage more extensively than Mr. Chisum in the breeding business. He has just bought two hundred saddle horses for use at the February round up.


Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

Won't our Arkansas City friends please have the Emporia fellows hurry up that railroad survey?

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

Wm. White, of Rock Township, and A. S. Williams, of Vernon, are the delegates from Cowley County in attendance at the State Grange, in Emporia, this week.


Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

The contest case between Messrs. Henderson and Kinne has been settled amicably. It was arranged last Monday.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

The Winfield Library Association is indebted to Senator Harvey for a fresh lot of important public documents.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

There is to be a dance at Thomasville, Friday evening, December 24th (Christmas eve). A general invitation to dancers is extended.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

Mr. Thomas Henderson, late candidate for Register of Deeds, is to take possession of the Lagonda House as proprietor. We predict that he will make a popular landlord.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

Frank Akers is building a grist mill at Warner's ford, on the Walnut, up in Rock Township. It will be in running order by the first of April next. The machinery is all to be first-class.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

The Christmas tree at the Courthouse on Christmas eve bids fair to be a very enjoyable entertainment. All children under fifteen years of age are to be admitted free, and all wishing to bestow presents upon their friends are invited to make use of the tree.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

One "flower wreath" sold at the Presbyterian festival at the city the other night for the enormous sum of two hundred and one dollars! You could buy a whole millinery store in this town for that amount. Another "contrast."

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

The new patent rotary-self-adjusting-perpendicular-initial-drum, general-delivery-letter-distributor of Postmaster Kelly's is quite an improvement on the old way of delivering the mail. People that can't read don't like it though.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

A daughter of our townsman, Mr. Prescott, arrived from California this week, and thinks our climate excels in beauty that of the Pacific coast. Our office is under obligations to her for a Chinese newspaper, which is a heathen curiosity.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

The Presbyterian Church, of Junction City, has unanimously resolved to extend a call to become their pastor to Rev. S. B. Fleming, of Arkansas City, Cowley County. Ex.

We hope that Mr. Fleming will conclude not to accept the generous offer. Cowley County, and particularly Arkansas City, can ill afford to spare one of its best citizens.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

DIED. EBER SLOCUM, of the firm of Slocum & Davis, in Cedarvale, died last Saturday eve, December 11th. Mr. Slocum was a man of large means and carried on an extensive business at Cedarvale. He was a very public spirited man and had a warm heart and open hand for his fellow man. His death is a great loss to that locality and is universally mourned.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

Richard Cartright, of Cedarvale, called on Tuesday. He reports the people over there as waking up to an east and west railroad, and that they are in favor of the Southern Pacific bill. A railroad meeting is to be held in Cedarvale this week, the proceedings of which will appear in the COURIER of next week.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

Mr. Spencer Bliss and wife left our city last Thursday for New York State. They go by the way of Burlington, Iowa, where they will spend a part of the winter visiting friends. A change of climate has been advised, thinking it would benefit Mr. Bliss' health. He is one of our valley pioneers, and leaves many warm friends behind him who wish that the change may produce the desired effect. Several of them met at the residence of C. A. Bliss the evening before his departure and gave unmistakable expression of their good opinion of him. We wish them a pleasant journey.


Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

The fall term of our public school closed on the 10th, and the winter term will open on the 15th inst.

Mrs. Solomon Hisler returned home recently after a long visit in Northern Kansas.

Mr. M. S. Manville and lady, of Greenfield, Elk County, paid their Lazette friends a visit a few days ago.

Rev. Mr. Swarts preached here on the 12th in the schoolhouse.

Rev. Mr. Thomas is holding a protracted meeting at the Armstrong schoolhouse.

The businessmen of Jonesborough are putting up a fine frame building, and hope to dedicate the same with a dance Christmas eve.

L. L. Newton, one of Harvey Township's enterprising farmers, returned recently from Northeastern Kansas with some fifty head of cattle, which he intends fattening for spring market.

A company for Arizona is organizing at this point. General Karl von Brintzenhoffer, our Scottish highlander, Colonel MacDonald Stapleton, and Rev. David Dale are managers in chief. Parties desiring to join this company should send address and ten dollars to anyone of these gentlemen.

Esquire A. J. Pickering has had two terms of court since he ascended the judicial bench.

Our city artist, Prof. John Johnson, has been decorating and ornamenting the Lazette mill with a fine coat of paint. The job is an excellent one.

Major Jo Sweet is turning out the finest Burnsides to be seen in the valley.

Barnard Fritch and Jo Jones are engaged in burning their second kiln of lime near Jonesborough.

Will Fritch, our lately elected and newly commissioned constable, left last week very suddenly for Coffey County.

The musical voices of turkeys are now heard in the valley, and expectations are high for rich dinners and festive times during the coming holidays.

LAZETTE, December 13, 1875.


Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

The Pawnee Indians, in their recent migration through this county, committed many little inconsistencies. After the procession had passed the house of Sampson Johnson, situated about three miles southwest of town, a straggling red man approached it and found no one at home. He entered and broke open a trunk and was helping himself when Mr. Johnson, who had been watching from a field nearby, burst in upon him.

Before the Indian could recover from his surprise, Sampson, who is a heavy, strong man, seized the butt end of the thief's rifle. A tussle ensued. Sampson got the muzzle against the Indian's bowels and cocked it; but simultaneously, the Indian pulled the cap off the tube. Finally Sampson got possession of the weapon and struck the Indian on the head with a crushing blow, which laid him senseless upon the floor. This gave Sampson a chance to breathe, when "lo" another Indian appeared upon the scene. By this time the prostrate Indian recovered his senses and the English language; for, upon rising to his feet, in terror he begged piteously for his rifle and promised good behavior if he could but obtain his gun and be let go. Sampson magnanimously gave up the weapon and both savages went off wiser and honest men. But subsequently, Mr. Johnson discovered that the Indian had stolen a valuable breastpin.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

On last Friday evening about forty of our "young folks," between the ages of eleven and sixty-three, donned their Sunday clothes and, behind numerous city equines, hied away to the Valley farm of Mr. S. S. Holloway, four miles east of town. The company was select, the air bracing, and the drive to and from delightful. While there they were entertained with some excellent instrumental and vocal music by Miss Jennie, Mr. James, and Edwin Holloway, and by games, songs, and social converse among themselves. The usual amount of brilliant repartee at the expense of the old bachelors was engaged in. At a late hour the company bade a reluctant "good night" to the kind host and hostess and the junior hostesses and returned to town feeling that "it was good to be there."

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

Attention, Patrons!

All delegates of subordinant Granges are requested to assemble at the Courthouse in Winfield on Wednesday, December 23rd, at 1 o'clock P.M., for a business meeting. Also at 7 o'clock in the evening of the same day, for the purpose of conferring the fifth degree. All members of the Order in good standing are respectfully invited.

A. S. WILLIAMS, Master, District Grange.


Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

Coats, $5; Suits, $10.

Mr. Joseph Requa is determined to stay with Winfield. He has ordered and will have in a few days a very large new stock of goods. He will sell coats at $5, and suits at $10. He cannot be undersold by anyone. We are glad that friend Requa is not going to leave us. His accomplished wife has become a citizen of the place; his son is married and settled here; and Mr. Requa has large property interests here, besides being a useful citizen. These reasons ought to keep him here if his faith in Winfield did not. But he has both faith and large interests here and has abandoned the idea of leaving.


Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

If Cottrell of our township, who persists in his unmanly course towards a young lady living here, notwithstanding he has a wife of his own and has outraged public sentiment, will put a bridle on his tongue and yoke on his oxen and leave the country, he will probably save trouble. NENNESCAH.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

Preaching at Christian Church house on Lord's day, 19th inst., at 11 o'clock in the morning and at 7-1/2 in the evening.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

Go to McMillen & Shields and get 15 yards of good Calico for $1.00.

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.

Cranberries, oat-meal, and celery at Jim Hill's.


Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.


CRAIG - CONNER. At the residence of W. L. Mullen, Esq., in Winfield, on the 29th of November, 1875, by Rev. J. E. Platter, William Craig to Henrietta Conner, all of Cowley County.

LINDLEY - FOSTER. At the residence of John L. Foster, in Rock Township, December 1, 1875, by J. M. Barrick, Esq., Mr. George W. Lindley to Mary M. Foster, all of Cowley County.

BURROW - SENSENY. At the residence of the bride's parents, in Nennescah Township, November 25, 1875, by J. M. Barrick, Esq., Henry Burrow to Nancy J. Senseny.


Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.


Corrected weekly by Winfield Merchants.

Eggs, per dozen: 15 cents.

Butter, per pound: 30 cents.

Lard, per pound (net): 15 cents.

Pork, per pound (net): 7-1/2 cents.

Corn Meal, per cwt.: $1.00

Flour, per cwt.: $2.75 @ $3.00

Beans, per bushel: $1.25

Apples, per bushel: $2.25

Onions, per bushel: 50 cents.

Corn, per bushel: 18 @ 20 cents.

Rye, per bushel: 40 cents.

Oats, per bushel: 20 cents.

Wheat, No. 2: 80 @ 90 cents.

Wheat, Ordinary: 50 @ 80 cents.

Hay, per ton: $3.50

Did not list bills allowed by County Commissioners via M. G. Troup, County Clerk, at special session held December 13, 1875, covered in December 16, 1875, issue. Total claimed: $956.72. Amount allowed: $517.73.

[Part of an article that appeared in paper for some time relative Cowley County.]

Winfield Courier, December 16, 1875.


The residents of this locality are in constant receipt of letters of inquiry from persons who contemplate immigrating to this region. We are daily in receipt of similar letters. We have no time to spend in answering such letters, but herein publish such information as is generally inquired after. Hereafter, when we receive such a letter we will send the author a copy of the COURIER. Our friends in the county can do the same thing. Copies of the COURIER can be procured for five cents each.


of Southwest Kansas, more particularly, that which lies within a radius of fifty miles of Winfield, is not too dry for crop raising. A residence of sixteen years in Kansas, six of which have been spent at this place, warrants us in saying that no portion of the State in this longitude is blessed with so large an annual rainfall as the region above described. The causes are local. The Arkansas and Walnut Rivers, with their tributaries, are of such importance in volume as to cause more frequent rain showers here than in any locality to the north or west of us. No one contradicts this statement who is familiar with the country.


of all kinds do well, not excepting vegetables. But the staple crop is winter wheat. The season of 1864 was called the


but Cowley County alone raised over 200,000 bushels of winter wheat, and the average yield exceeded twenty bushels to the acre of very choice grain. In fact, it was the best grain offered in the St. Louis market.

The winter wheat harvest in this county for the year 1875 exceeded 500,000 bushels, with an average yield of 26-1/2 bushels to the acre. Many fields yielded forty bushels to the acre and one field of seven acres turned out at the threshing machine fifty-four bushels to the acre.

The marketable wheat crop this year was sold at Wichita, the nearest railroad point, forty- three miles distant from Winfield, at an average price of one dollar and ten cents per bushel. A man with team enough to do the work can break up the prairie of a 160 acre farm during the months of June, and July, and can sow the same in September with winter wheat and harvest enough grain therefrom the next June to pay for his land at ten dollars per acre, after having paid all his expenses and allowed himself a reasonable compensation for his own labor.


a railroad will be constructed into this county, which will add to the market facilities of this region. At present land


in this county. It will not be long before a railroad will reach from this valley through the Indian Territory to Texas, and then Galveston, 700 miles distant, will be our seaport market. When this time arrives land will be worth fifty dollars per acre. It can now be bought for from one dollar and a quarter to ten dollars per acre, according to location, soil, timber, water, improvements, etc.


of all kinds flourishes.


grows in abundance and can be put into hay for one dollar per ton. The ruling price at present for hay is three dollars and fifty cents per ton.


need be apprehended from Indians. The county has been settled for six years and not an Indian outrage has been committed in its borders.


chinch bugs, and other pests are no more numerous than in any other locality west of the Missouri River. The first named have never visited this locality but once and then they came too late to do much harm. The region of their origin lies hundreds of miles to the northwest, and as they move south whenever they move at all, they either distribute themselves over the region north of us entirely or arrive so late in this locality as to do no harm. They have moved out of their northwest homes three or four times in the past twenty years and only twice did they get into Southern Kansas.


command from fifteen to twenty-five dollars per month according to the season. Mechanics wages are not so high as in the cities.


can make money very fast here. Persons without money can make money faster than in any locality that we know of in the States east of us. Money brings from twenty to fifty percent per annum interest.


are not particularly needed. There is at present a full supply. Farmers with means are needed; those without means are welcome.


are required to raise crops. A herd law requires stock owners to take care of their cattle, horses, hogs, and sheep. You will drive miles and miles along the road with fields on either side and no fences.


does well here, but every man must take care of his own.


is very scarce. Girls invariably place themselves in the matrimonial market upon arriving in this locality and are soon doing business on their own hook. Two or three hundred very homely, hump-backed, flat-chested, cross-eyed girls could find constant and remunerative employment in the kitchens of this county.


Cowley County is situated on the south line of the state, bordering on the Indian Territory, and one hundred miles from the east border of Kansas.

It was organized in February, 1870. It then contained 700 inhabitants. The present population is 10,000. The county is upon the Osage Diminished Reserve Lands, and has been opened to actual settlers in quantities not exceeding 160 acres. No railroad grants cover any part of the soil of this county. The question of title is in no respect complicated by the conflicting claims of railroad corporations.

The rapidity with which the county has settled, and the permanent character and extent of the improvements are marvels to all observers, and speak more impressively than words can express of the industry and enterprise of the citizens.

A few words as to the topography, soil, and climate may not be uninteresting, and possibly may prove of great service to the immigrant into our rapidly growing common wealth, and to those in other states, who may possibly contemplate "going west."


is abundant. The Arkansas River flows along its western border. The Walnut runs through its entire extent, from the north to the south, about ten miles of the west line, and forms a confluence with the Arkansas at the state line. The Grouse Creek is a large stream in the eastern part of the countyflowing from the north, and is a tributary of the Arkansas. These streams, with several important tributaries, as the Rock, Dutch, Timber, Silver, and other creeks, all heavily timbered, make the county one of the best wooded and watered counties in the state. The chief timber is oak of several varieties, black walnut, elm, hackberry, cottonwood, mulberry, and sycamore. The streams are all rapid, and save the Arkansas, clear, with rock or gravel beds. The Walnut, Timber, and Grouse furnish unlimited water power. The


is a deep black loam, resting on a lighter colored subsoil, consisting of loam, clay, and gravel, both soil and subsoil being so porous that surface water readily passes through them, and in no cases is there any difficulty experienced in crossing with horses and wagon, or stock, any water courses or beds of streams. Teams may be driven across springs or creek bottoms fearlessly, without danger of miring.


Winfield is the chief town and county seat of the county. It is located on the Walnut in the center of the county north and south. It is a beautiful city of 1,000 inhabitants. Winfield possesses some fine public buildings, a splendid brick Courthouse, one of the best in the state. A substantial stone schoolhouse. A stone and two wood churches. Its business houses and residences, of wood, stone, and brick, are all of the most substantial, and for a new country, elegant kind.

The Walnut River is spanned by two bridges near Winfield. Two large flouring mills are busy grinding the corn and wheat of this and adjoining counties.

Arkansas City is finely located at the confluence of the Walnut and Arkansas rivers, near the south line of the state. It has a good trade and is a thriving town. Near this place both the Arkansas and Walnut rivers are bridged, and one of the best flouring mills in the state is in successful operation. Both Winfield and Arkansas City have a daily communication by stage to Wichita, the nearest railroad station, and tri-weekly with Independence.

Dexter and Lazette are flourishing towns in the Grouse Valley; and Tisdale is a thriving hamlet centrally located between the Walnut and Grouse.

Of the climate we need only say it is that of "Southern Kansas." There is more of blue sky than in any other part of the world, not excepting Italy. We have not the long rigorous winter of Iowa, Illinois, and the Northwestern States, while the heat of summer is always tempered by a gentle breeze. It is the universal testimony of settlers from New England that the summers are more comfortable than in the climate of Vermont and New Hampshire, while the New England winter is unknown here. The laboring man is interrupted less here from heat, cold, and storm, than in any other part of the country, with which we are acquainted.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

There are seventy-six organized counties in the State.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Trains on the A. T. & S. F. were snow-bound between Dodge City and Granada last week.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad advertises to reach Pueblo early in January.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

The M. K. & T. road has had one hundred cattle cars called up and transformed into grain and cotton cars, as there is a very heavy demand for such shipments.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Another railroad company has been organized in Atchison. The road is to run in a southwesterly direction from Atchison through, or touching, the counties of Jackson, Pottawatomie, Wabaunsee, Marian, or Chase, Butler and Cowley, the estimated distance being 200 miles.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

The Fort Scott Monitor says: A number of carloads of walnut logs from the Indian Territory have passed over the M., K & T railroad during the past few days on their way to Europe. They were a superior quality of logs, carefully dressed, and the ends painted to keep them from cracking open during the long journeyso they say.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

The contract for supplying beef cattle to the Osage Indians was awarded last week, in Lawrence, by Superintendent Hoag. Of the several bids received, that of Hewins, Lawrence & Titus, of Chatauqua County, Kansas, was considered the most satisfactory, and that firm received the award. The bid was $2.45 per hundred, and the entire contract amounts to over $20,000.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Last night's daily Commonwealth brings us the startling news that Kansas is without a Treasurer. He was requested to resign by the Governor, on suspicion, and he resigned. It came about in this wise: Under the law the permanent school fund arising from the sale of school lands is invested in school district bonds by the Superintendent of Public Instruction, Secretary of State, and Attorney General. Parties appear in person, or by letter, nearly every day offering bonds to these officers, who are called commissioners, and whenever there is money belonging to that fund in the treasury and the bonds seem all right, they purchase them and the State Treasurer pays for them.

It has been discovered that $18,000 worth of forged bonds have been bought during the past few months. The bonds purposed to come from school districts in different western counties. But a casual comparison of the seal on one of the bonds with the seal of the county which the Secretary of State had on file revealed the forgery. The matter has been traced for a few days and it appears that the bonds all came from one source, and there were attending circumstances that justified the prosecution of the State Treasurer, Sam. Lappin, on his official bond for having paid out the money to some parties without identifying them. In addition to prosecuting a suit to recover the money, the Treasurer was requested to resign, which he did on the 20th inst.

Everybody will now say, "I told you Sam. Lappin was not honest;" but the files of the COURIER will show that we did not endorse Sam. Lappin's nomination when it was made, and the official vote of Cowley County shows that a good many of our readers acted on our judgment at the polls.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

VERMONT, ILLINOIS, December 15th, 1875.

COL. MANNING. DEAR SIR: We appreciate the weekly visits of the COURIER. Always glad to hear from good old home and friends. We are all well and have bought a home of 120 acres two miles from Cross R. R. and town of Vermont. This is old nativity and of course we like itoutside give us Cowley. Respectfully, FRANK COX.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.



HOLDS its regular meetings on the Second and Fourth Mondays of each month, at the hour of 7-1/2 o'clock, P. M. Comp. M. L. READ, H. P.

Comp. FRANK GALLOTTI, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

A very stiff warm south wind prevailed last Monday, the first in a long time. December 22 and no ice. Warm growing weather.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Prof. T. A. Wilkinson returned from the meeting of the State Grange at Emporia last week.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Sheriff Walker is keeping house with his mother in the residence lately occupied by C. M. Wood.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Our old friend, Reuben Rogers, got through to Kentucky safe and has gone into the tobacco business.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Rev. Rigby has returned to Winfield improved in health, much to the gratification of his many friends.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Another invoice of fine suits came to town. They were purchased through the Grange Agent, T. A. Wilkinson.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Mr. A. E. Johnson, of Crooked Creek, called on us Saturday.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Hill, the shoemaker, has rented and moved to Mr. S. E. Burger's farm, one and a half miles north of town, where he runs a shop also.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

A. E. Wiley, one of Cowley's cattlemen from Spring Creek Township, came up Saturday. He talks of buying city property and moving his family to Winfield.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. Will Allison, on Friday, the 17th inst., a son; weight, 8 pounds.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

The mail carrier on the route from Oxford to New Salem, twenty miles, made the round trip this week on foot, carrying the sack containing a bushel of mail on his back.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Sam. Myton has stored away enough farm machinery within the past two weeks to supply a dukedom. We saw seven teams unloading at his cellar door at one time last week.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

See in another column Dr. Mansfield's new "ad." The Dr. is determined to keep goods on hand that will please his customers. Call and examine his "Holiday Books."

AD: HEADQUARTERS FOR GENUINE DRUGS, CHEMICALS, MEDICINES, AND PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS. ALSO, School Books, Geographies, Arithmetics, Grammars, Histories, Spellers, Readers, Pens, Inks, Slates, Pencils, Envelopes, Copy Books, Writing Papers, Standard Literary Works, Combs, Diaries, Trusses, Toilet Soaps, Fancy Goods, Playing Cards, Violin Strings, Brushes, Spectacles, Perfumery, Blank Books, Pocket Books, Shoulder Braces, Notions, etc.


Surgical instruments, Elegant Lamps, Wicks, Chimneys, Globes, Burners, and No. 1 Coal Oil,



Drug and Book Store,


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

An effort will be made this winter to change the law passed last winter amending the District Clerk's fees. As it now stands, a year's salary wouldn't buy a good lot in Nennescah.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Master Berkey Bartlett brought his two little brothers in the other evening to introduce them. They have just lately come to town and Berkey, being an "old settler," is showing them the ropes.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Messrs. Bradshaw & Sons are buying wheat at the Tunnel Mills. They are newcomers and are made of the material that must be doing something. Stirring, energetic men are what we need.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Elder Platter has a horse-power corn-mill rattling away on his farm nine miles east of town. It knocks 300 bushels of corn into fifty cent meal every day. Viewed from the road, it has the appearance of a mammoth coffee-mill.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Prof. Lemmon is living at home now in a nice little house on Eleventh avenue. It has been newly plastered, painted, and papered, and presents a cozy appearance.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Twelve good men of this city offer a reward of $5 each for the capture and conviction of anyone of the numerous wood thieves that infest our town. Go in, boys! Here's a splendid chance to make sixty dollars to spend during the holidays.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

John Smith, Esq., of Silver Creek, has the exclusive right to manufacture and sell the celebrated rotating harrow in Cowley County. One may be seen at the store of Brotherton & Silvers. They are likely to take the place of all other harrows.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

C. M. Wood, Esq., evidently has not lost faith in this country. He has not disposed of his tasty residence property in the city, but on the contrary purchased two additional lots from the Town Company adjoining his residence, and paid the cash for them.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Floral Grange, last Friday, after business hours, debated the question of Narrow and Broad Gauge Railroads. The judges in the debate decided that the Narrow Gauge debaters had presented the best arguments and rendered their decision accordingly.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Last Tuesday evening the following officers were installed by Adelphi Lodge, No. 110, A. F. & A. M.

J. S. Hunt: W. M.

J. E. Saint: S. W.

A. B. Lemmon: J. W.

B. F. Baldwin: Treasurer.

Frank Gallotti: Secretary.

J. H. Land: Chaplain.

L. J. Webb: S. D.

C. C. Black: J. D.

W. W. Steinhour: Tyler.

Judging from the list of new officers we should say that Adelphi is in pretty good running order, and likely to be kept so.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

The concert given by the M. E. Sunday School last Sunday evening was an agreeable one. The children, both young and old, did well. The Courthouse was crowded. Many were compelled to stand up during the entire performance, while others, not being able to find standing room, had to go away. The appearance of that audience would rather disprove the assertion that we overheard the other day, that "we are tired of concerts."

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

We visited Judge Saffold's fine sheep farm on Black Crook the other day and found his flock in excellent condition. He has not lost a single head since they were brought into the county. Ed. Strickland, his "bos" help, is a regular old twentieth century shepherd.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Mr. J. T. Shields, of the firm of McClellan & Shields, is with us again. He arrived last Friday, bringing with him D. Sleighbaugh, J. J. Plank, and John McMillen, all from Wooster, Ohio. They had visited various portions of Kansas before coming here, but like Cowley the best.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Master Albert Baldwin, a brother of our popular druggist, B. Frank Baldwin, arrived last Friday. He came out to assist Frank in the manipulation of quinine, porous plasters, "prescriptions carefully compounded," etc. He will stay with us permanently.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Bethel Grange will have a public installation of its new officers Saturday, January 1st, at 4 to 6 o'clock. A harvest feast follows the installation. Friends of the Order, whether members or not, are invited. The stone schoolhouse, three miles north of town, is the place of meeting.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

City Council Proceedings.

WINFIELD, KAN., Dec. 20, 1875.

City Council met December 20th, 1875, at 7 o'clock P. M.

Present: D. A. Millington, Mayor; M. G. Troup, N. M. Powers, C. C. Black, Councilmen, and B. F. Baldwin, City Clerk.

Minutes of previous meetings were read and approved.

The following bills were presented and, on motion, were approved and ordered paid.

E. R. Evans, services as City Marshal for month of November, $25.00.

Joseph Requa, one pair blankets furnished the city, $3.00.

B. F. Baldwin, services as City Clerk from June 7th, 1875, until December 7th, 1875, $50.60.

A bill of E. R. Evans, for services as road overseer, fifteen days, $22.50, was presented and, on motion, was rejected by Council.

Report of E. R. Evans as road overseer was read and, on motion, was referred back to him with the request that he make an itemized report, giving the name of all persons paying money instead of work, and the disbursement of all such monies by him thus collected.

The following resolution was read, and on motion, was adopted by Council.

Resolved, That the City Council hereby instruct the City Marshal to patrol the streets until 12 o'clock at night, to see that saloons, billiard halls, etc., be closed promptly at the time prescribed by ordinance; to see that there is no danger of fire from hot ashes and fire thrown out doors, or in any other careless handling of fire, and to strictly enforce all ordinances regulating order and quietude in the City of Winfield.

The Council then adjourned. B. F. BALDWIN, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

The case of the State vs. Sol. Becker and George Nauman came up before Justice Boyer last Friday. A jury of six was called. Defendants were discharged, the prosecuting witness paying the costs. County Attorney Pyburn for the State and T. H. Suits, assisted by E. C. Manning, for the defendants. On the first ballot, the jury stood three against three.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

We again call attention to the Christmas tree at the Courthouse on Friday evening next. The committee on reception of presentsMrs. W. H. H. Maris, Miss Jessie Millington, Mr. Wallace Miller, and Mr. John Robertswill be at the Courthouse from 1 to 4 P.M., Friday, to receive all presents intended for the tree. Everybody is invited to make use of the tree as the medium for the bestowal of presents intended for their friends. Be sure to have all presents in the hands of the committee by 4 o'clock P.M. so as to give time for arranging them upon the tree.

The committee on decoration of hall will be at the Courthouse during the whole of Friday afternoon. Be prompt, for you have plenty of work to do.

The programme of the entertainment is as follows.

Music: "The Children's Jubilee."

Invocation: By Rev. Adams.

Music: "Glad Tidings."

Address: By Rev. J. E. Platter.

Music: "O, List to the Notes."

Address: By Rev. Blevins.

Music: Christmas Carol.

Santa Claus and Christmas Tree.

Music: "Song of Christmas Eve."


Let everybody go and have a pleasant time with the girls and boys.

Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Mr. Henry Asp, late student of the Commercial and Business College at Rock Island, Illinois, has commenced the study of law with our excellent legal light, L. J. Webb. Mr. Asp is a young man of good culture and pleasing address. He comes among us well recom mended. May the enterprise he embarks in here be a successful one. "There is always room at the top."


Winfield Courier, December 23, 1875.

Bills Allowed by County Commissioners.


WINFIELD, KAN., Dec. 16, 1875.

Board met in special session. Present: R. F. Burden, M. S. Roseberry, Commission ers; A. J. Pyburn, County Attorney, and M. G. Troup, County Clerk. Among other proceedings had, claims against the county were passed upon.


C. A. Bliss & Co., pauper bill.

Jacob Binkey.

J. Headrick.

E. S. Bedilion, express charge.

N. C. McCulloch, ex. charges.

E. S. Bedilion, District Clerk.

R. L. Walker, Sheriff.

H. S. Silver, pauper bill.

Witness Fees

Theodore Park

H. N. Banner

W. M. Boyer

Mrs. Sarah Mullen

Samuel Mullen

E. C. Hawkins

Wm. Hawkins

J. B. Nipp

E. S. Bedilion, District Clerk.

Witness Fees

C. M. Scott.

T. B. Ross.

A. A. Jackson

Timothy McIntire

C. M. Wood

C. B. Pack

D. C. Treadway

J. S. Coats

Wm. Adams

A. M. Treadway

W. T. Beasley

W. M. Whitted

Harriet Saunders

A. O. Porter

Evan T. Lewis

Howe Lewis

Rachel Lewis

S. Dodsworth, box envelopes.

Henry Harbaugh, juror.

H. D. Gans, express charges.



M. G. TROUP, County Clerk.


Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

A Chicago Criminal Circulating in Cowley County.

A Remarkable Rascal's Record.

An Omnipresent Operator.

About two years ago, a smooth spoken, well dressed man, calling himself Amos E. Mahaney, circulated in this locality. He operated in one locality under an alias as the secret agent of President Grant in organizing third term leagues.

The condition of membership was the payment of ten dollars and all enrolled members were to be secretly secret allies in the third term movement, and money in large quantities was to be given to these agents in aid of the plan. Considerable money was disbursed under the arrangement which finally turned out to be counterfeit.

Mahaney once kept school in Labette Co., Kansas, and thereby formed an acquaintance or two of men of good character in this county, who formerly knew him as a respectable man. About this same time he rendezvoused at Douglass in the south part of Butler Co. There he was known as a land buyer and money loaner. His knowledge of human nature enabled him to obtain the confidence of several parties, and he purchased a farm of Mr. Hinebaugh in Butler for which he was to pay $1,000. A deed to the property was made and delivered, Hinebaugh for some reason agreeing to wait a few days for the money, which he never received.

At this time Mahaney had negotiations pending with Fred Moe, in Cowley, near Douglass. Mahaney closed the purchase of Moe's place without any money by leaving a Mexican government bond of $1,500 as collateral for a few days. The next day Mahaney borrowed at the Eldorado Bank about $450 on his Hinebaugh farm, and with a letter of introduction from the officers of that institution he appeared in a day or two at the bank of M. L. Read, in Winfield. He had recorded his deed to the Moe tract and had forged a deed to 160 acres in Vernon Township, belonging to John Hinebaugh, which appears to have been duly acknowledged before a notary public in Wichita. This was also recorded.

On this property he secured a loan of five hundred dollars from M. L. Read (since which time the mortgage has been foreclosed and the Moe tract purchased by Read's bank, which leaves them statute quo.).

This happened about the first of May, 1874, and was the last of Mahaney, the visible. Now we come to the invisible Mahaney. In July next, the Paola, Kansas, bank sent a draft for $700 to M. L. Read's bank for payment, drawn by Amos E. Mahaney. Of course, the Paola bank was informed that Mahaney had no credit here. Before the information reached its destination, Amos had turned up in Sedalia, Missouri, and drawn at sight upon Winfield for $50 and $80. The Paola authorities here got upon his track and he lit out.

About the 1st of January last, Amos E. Mahaney presented to parties in St. Paul, Minnesota, a forged letter of credit from M. L. Read's bank, Winfield, for the sum of $300.

A few months later he appeared in Bloomfield, Iowa, with a draft upon the same bank for $1,280, drawn by one Rivers. The Bloomfield bank held it for collection and inquiry by telegraph. Mr. Read telegraphed that A. E. M. was a villain, etc.

But A. E. M. suddenly had business at Lawrence, Kansas, where he appears in a few days as Allen Dare, a large land owner in Cowley County, and draws upon Read for $50, which draft was honored by the Lawrence victim. However, on his way through Iowa, he found a Granger who cashed a $300 draft on Read's bank, which the old man now mourns. The farmer writes to know if the draft is good. Mr. Read informs him to the contrary and sympa thizes with him.

Picking up an old copy of the N. Y. Tribune, Mahaney sees the advice to "go west," etc., and in a few days turns up at Salina, and there has a check for $25 on Read cashed.

On Oct. 1st he appeared at Syracuse, near Hutchinson, Kansas, in company with one Geo. M. Burdine, and gives E. P. Barber, secretary of the Syracuse colony, a draft of $300 on M. L. Read, of Winfield, in exchange for a team and buggy. They represented themselves as having been in the livery business in Winfield with a $3,000 credit at Read's bank, and were on their way to Santa Fe. The outfit consisted of a top buggy, four horses, one gray, one black, one cream, one bay, to which was added the Syracuse purchase. Burdine was heavy built, dark complexion, bald, about 45 years old. Upon its arrival here the draft was returned protested.

Under date of Oct. 18th, E. P. Barber writes:

"It may be some satisfaction to you to know that I have caught the rascal that gave me the bogus draft on your bank Oct. 1st."

It subsequently appears that he had caught them at Pueblo by telegraph.

Before their arrival at Pueblo, however, they met a man coming this way and purchased a horse of him for an $85 check on Read's bank. A short time since the unfortunate man presented the check in person for payment, only to be informed that it was not good.

Under date of October 23rd, Barber writes from Syracuse:

"SIR: Yours of the 21st inst. at hand. This man Burdine got out of the Pueblo jail by writ of Habeas Corpus before I reached there owing to a delay in the dispatch sent me by sheriff. He paid the lawyers $50 in money and a beautiful horse for getting him released; also, sold everything he had very low, also paid $50 to get his baggage shipped to Denver. He and his partner are suspected of having counterfeit money, and the U. S. Marshal is after them."

But the U. S. Marshal has not got them; at least Mahaney is still traveling, for under date of Dec. 17th, 1875, Day & Blakesley, Insurance Agents of Ottumwa, Iowa, write:

"M. L. Read, Esq., Winfield, Kansas: Has Amos E. Mahaney got a credit of upwards of $300 at your bank, same due in January, 1876? He offered to draft on you for $100, payable on the 10th of January, 1876. Please reply and oblige, yours, etc.

"P. S. Please describe him closelygeneral appearance, etc."

Thus we give to the public so much of the career of one of the most adroit villains at large. The extent of his swindles are probably ten fold what we have related. He may have purchased largely, forged successfully, and checked extensively in other localities and upon different banks. More of his paper is daily expected here. Mahaney is a peculiar appearing man of about the following description: Fair complexion, about five feet ten inches in height, an impediment in the movement of one of his legs, light blue or grey eyes, and has a very peculiar and hasty manner of addressing one when he speaks. Weight, about 160 pounds."


Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

The official report of the receipts of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad show in spite of the hard times, that there has been a steady increase in the business of the road. In 1874 the earnings of the road were $133,654 per month, and in 1875 they were $195,926. The total earnings for 1874 were $1,032,202, and for ten months of 1875 $1,488,820. During the month of November 12,858 acres of land were sold for $83,232, being an average of $6.47 per acre. The total sales for December were 518,438 acres, at $5.25 per acre, making a total of $2,710,616.


Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

A correspondent of the Topeka Commonwealth digs up and puts on record the following historical gossip. He writes from Smith Centre, Smith County.

"In 1832 a desperate battle was fought at the forks of Beaver Creek, some three and a half miles southwest of Smith Centre, between the Pawnee, Delaware, and Omaha Indians, on one side, and the Cheyennes, Comanches, Arapahos, and Apaches on the other.

"The Pawnee party numbered some 7,000 warriors, and the Cheyenne confederation about 9,000.

"On the side of the Pawnees over 2,000 were slain on the battlefield. On the other side some 3,000 were killed outright and some were taken prisoners and afterwards burned at the stake.

"The fight was brought on by the Pawnees, who at that time were the most powerful and war-like tribe west of the Mississippi. The fight lasted for three days and was one of the most bloody conflicts between opposing bands of Indians ever fought on the American continent, resulting in a complete victory for the Pawnees.

"In this desperate conflict the Pawnees were led by the celebrated Chief, Tar-po-naha, at that time the most crafty and daring chief of the Pawnee confederation. The Cheyennes were led by O-co-no-ma-woe, from whom Sitting Bull, of the Sioux, is said to be a lineal descendant.

"This romantic tradition was told to your correspondent by an old blind warrior of the Pawnees about one year ago, as they were on their way south, who is said to be the only survivor of the bloody conflict now left to tell the bloody story. It is authenticated and substantiated by Montravia, an old French trapper and hunter, now living on the extreme head-waters of Frenchman's Fork of the Republican River, to whom it was told by the Pawnees."


Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

Mr. and Mrs. Enoch Maris, now of Eldorado, have been spending the holidays with their many friends here.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

Mr. Walton, the senior editor of the Plow and Anvil, has returned from an extended trip to the north part of the State.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

Mr. Wright, representing the woolen mills of Blue Rapids, Kansas, was in town Tuesday introducing his goods in this part of the State. He sold C. A. Bliss & Co. a large bill.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

From the Traveler we learn that Captain Norton's investments in Florida have proven very unsatisfactory, as he bought a large tract of land with a Spanish claim upon it and had to abandon it. He is now in Illinois.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

The Silver Cornet Band has our thanks for a fine Serenade on Christmas morning. They play well.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

Judge Gans performed Old Santa Claus to perfection last Friday night. But few persons could discern whose was the voice that called out the names of happy recipients at the Christmas tree. When we have another Christmas, give us the Judge for Santa.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

Mr. and Mrs. Buell, of Carroll City, Iowa, relatives of Mayor Millington, are stopping with him. Mr. Buell expressed surprise at finding the weather here so mild that a fire had not been necessary for ten days, when they were harvesting ten-inch ice when he left the Hawk- eye State.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

Wellington is to have an eleven thousand dollar steam mill completed by the 1st day of August, 1876. The citizens of that town and vicinity contribute $3,500 towards its erection.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

At their regular meeting on next Monday evening the Winfield Chapter of R. A. M. will confer upon several of its members the degree of Royal Arch Mason. Brothers of the surrounding towns, particularly those of Oxford and Arkansas City, are respectfully invited to attend.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

Winfield needs another tailor. She wants one badly, too; one who can rightly perform the duties of that time-honored personage; one who can cut a pair of pants the "right way" of the cloth and "make them up" with the little end down is the kind she wants. None other need apply. Come by telegraph.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

J. C. McKibbens, of Rock Township, returned last week from a visit to his native county, Clermont, Ohio. The weather there has been quite different from the balmy spring-like days we have experienced here. It was cold and disagreeable during his stay and he was glad to return to "sunny Kansas."

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

Some very laughable things occurred at the Christmas tree. First was the children's voting Mr. Platter out of his speech and then, when Ed. Holloway was presented with a baby and cradle; Baldwin, Pryor & Co. with a jug of "Grange bitters;" and lastly, when Saint received the jumping jack and six babies on a string, three white and three black ones.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

James England, one of the wheat growers of Dexter Township, called this week. He says the people are alive to the railroad question, and all they wait for is the opportunity to prove which "gauge" they are, etc. Dexter raises more good wheat than any township in the county and her people are determined that Cowley shall have a railroad to carry it away on, let it enter or pass out of the county where it may.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

The Board of County Commissioners will meet again on the 4th of January, and this leads us to say that it will be the last meeting of this particular Board. Mr. Roseberry "retires to the shades of private life," and Mr. Manly, having resigned some time since, his place will be filled by the newly elected R. F. Burden, the present chairman, being re-elected, retains his seat and we hope will retain the chairmanship. Mr. Roseberry has done his duty faithfully and well, and he retires with the respect of the voters of the whole county.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

The Christmas Tree.

That modest looking little cedar that stood in the south end of the courtroom last Friday night, though green in appearance, before the evening was over, proved to be the most popular tree ever grown in the valley. The cedar is a beautiful tree when hid away in some sequestered canyon or lonely crowning the rocks of a rugged hillside, but doubly so when under the dazzling chandelier it stands draped in flowers and tinsel carefully arranged by the skillful hands of women, with its pendant boughs gaily adorned by double-back-action- nineteenth-century-jumping-jacks.

We haven't space to particularize. The whole thingtree, presents, committees, ushers, exercises, Santa Claus and audiencewas a decided success. The children are grateful for the presents, the "finance committee" for the large "admittance fee," and the audience for the amusement furnished. It was the best exhibition of the kind ever had in the city, and the superintendents and teachers of the different schools deserve much praise for their management of it.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

Union meetings every evening next week at the Methodist Church. All are cordially invited.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

The newly elected officers of Winfield Grange are:

J. H. Land, W. M.

R. H. Tucker, O.

Anna Wilkinson, L.

J. F. Graham, S.

W. R. Land, Chap.

Mary Bryant, Sec.

N. C. McCulloch, Treas.

Bertha J. Land, Ceres.

Perley Burger, Pom.

Alice Land, Flo.

Virginia Stewart, L. A. S.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

The newly elected officers of Bethel Grange.

Master: E. C. Manning.

Overseer: Israel Weekley.

Lecturer: Jno. Mentch.

Steward: Frank Weekley.

Asst. Steward: J. Paugh.

Chaplain: B. E. Murphy.

Treasurer: Fred Arnold.

Secretary: T. A. Blanchard.

Gate-Keeper: Otho Arnold.

Ceres: Sister Paugh.

Flora: Kate Yount.

Pomona: Sister Murphy.

Lady Asst. Steward: Mary Stansberry.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

The following are the recently elected officers of the Winfield Chapter of R. A. M.'s.

M. L. Read, H. P.

J. D. Pryor, K.

B. F. Baldwin, S.

W. C. Robinson, Capt. H.

A. Howland, P. S.

W. G. Graham, R. A. Capt.

J. W. Johnston, G. M. 3 y.

P. Hill, G. M. 2 y.

S. H. Myton, G. M. 1 y.

J. A. Simpson, Sec.

F. Gallotti, Treas.

N. C. McCulloch, M. Cro.

This is one of the thirty Royal Arch Chapters of Masons in this State, and as a citizen of Winfield we are proud that she, only a five year old, supports it.


Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.


ALLEN - HAMMOND. At the residence of Mr. Thomas McMillan, of Winfield, December 28th, 1875, by Rev. N. L. Rigby, Mr. Marshall Allen and Miss Mary Hammond, both of Winfield.


Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.


Corrected weekly by Winfield Merchants.

Eggs, per dozen: 15 cents.

Butter, per pound: 30 cents.

Lard, per pound (net): 15 cents.

Pork, per pound (net): 7-1/2 cents.

Corn Meal, per cwt.: $1.00

Flour, per cwt.: $2.75 & $3.00

Beans, per bushel: $1.25

Apples, per bushel: $2.25

Onions, per bushel: 50 cents.

Corn, per bushel: 18 @ 20 cents.

Rye, per bushel: 40 cents.

Oats, per bushel: 20 cents.

Wheat, per bushel, "No. 2.": 80 @ 90 cents.

Ordinary, 50 @ 80 cents.

Hay, per ton: $3.50


Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.


To all persons knowing themselves indebted to me: Please call and settle immediately and save expense. CHARLES C. BLACK.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

Auction! Auction!!

There will be an Auction Sale of the Furniture and Fixtures of the Lagonda House on Saturday, January 8th, 1876, commencing at 10 o'clock A.M. A rare chance to purchase furniture of all kinds, beds, bedding, crockery, and glassware, cooking and heating stoves, pipe, etc. A. N. DEMING.

Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.

For Sale.

A good work mule. Enquire at this office.


Winfield Courier, December 30, 1875.




NOTICE is hereby given to all persons interested that the following described tracts of land and town lots, situated in the County of Cowley and State of Kansas, sold in the year 1873 for the tax of 1872, will be deeded to the purchaser on the 5th day of May, A. D., 1876, unless redeemed prior to that date.

Given under my hand this 27th day of December, 1875.

E. B. KAGER, County Treasurer.

By F. GALLOTTI, Deputy.


W. A. Barr

L. J. Allison

George Bowers

Levi Cropper

J. F. Hackley

Nancy Olinger

R. J. Walker

W. R. Taylor

Daniel Revis

Charles Gallert



J. W. Brown.

E. A. Blackanata.

H. W. Boyer.

T. B. Finley.

Houghton & Baird.

L. B. Kellogg.

M. L. Parker.

R. J. Pond.

A. Schuster.

F. M. Sampson.

J. L. Thompson.



J. C. Bickenstaff.

M. P. Dale.

Emanuel Davis.

J. C. Fuller.

J. N. O. Smiley.

S. M. Wood.

Winfield Town Association.



[COVERED JAN. 11, 1873, THROUGH DECEMBER 30, 1875.]