Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.


Pat. Denning is now a resident of Silver Creek section.

From present indications Sam Watt will be surprised with a good crop of wheat this season.

The Constant United Brethren Church is fast assuming shape. The belfry tour looms up majestically.

Messrs. Chapin and Myers this week step down and out of their schoolrooms in district 93 and 10 respectively.

Grand illuminations in the shape of prairie fires, are a nightly occurrence, presenting a beautiful, picturesque panorama.

Certainly, my dear "Jasper," I will shake with you as soon as I pull on my gloves and can find a pole of convenient length. It is mete friends to be sociable.

Bob Victor now occupies the S. D. Klingman farm. He is one of Kentucky's wide awake intelligent farmers. S. D. Klingman has taken up his abode on the borders of the noble red man's domain.

Ranchmen from the Territory report numerous death among the cattle herds. They are seriously afflicted with the mouth diseasethe want of some nourishing substance to masticate.

Elihu Anderson is expected home next week from his studies at the State College at Manhattan. He will then have an opportunity to ventilate his classical vernacular between the plow handles.

God bless the dear old COURIER. The bonds might have been defeated but for its timely and graceful flop. It is the quintessence of wisdom, notwithstanding the fact that Deacon Eastman has ceased to swear by it.

Samuel and Richard Clough, whilom boyhood companions of the writer, from the old Hawkeye state, surprised him with a brief visit last week. They are traveling in the interest of Cram's mammoth publishing house of Chicago.

County Supt. A. H. Limerick last week visited two of our schools, numbers 4 and 116. Between the pedagogue and the pedagogues, the Superintendent was slighted in regard to dinner. Drop in upon Mark next time, A. H., and have the wants of the inner man supplied. There is always a warm place in his anatomy for the earnest advocator.

The writer acknowledges the receipt of two new books entitled "Webster Bienneal," and "Campaigns of the Rebellion," for which he is placed under many obligations to the Supt. of the printing department of the State Agricultural College of Manhattan. They are exclusively the productions of the college and the excellent workmanship speaks volumes for the progress of the institution. MARK.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.


In your issue of March 20th, we find the following.

"The past winter has been a very effective one in our public schools, and the many terms which are now closing show most satisfactory results. County Superintendent Limerick was on the go all winter and every school in the county was visited often by him. The Professor is an indefatigable worker, and to him much of this success in educational matters is due."

Now we of District No. 28 have felt slighted, but concluded, perhaps wisely, to bear it in silence, until we read the above, which so rubbed in the slight that silence ceased to be a virtue, or to give honor to whom honor is due. The facts are, we have had a more than average successful term of school taught by Miss Lizzie Wilson of Arkansas City, an enrollment of fifty-five, an average attendance of thirty-five, and in deportment and scholarship are not ashamed to compare with any district in the county; yet in our two years' residence here, the County Superintendent has never visited the school. He called on us and others in the district before the primary, when he wanted votes, but never once since, and in the face of all these facts to have the leading paper in the county say that the Superintendent visited every school in the county, and not only visited them but visited them often and attribute their success to him; and still more, this same article copied and thereby endorsed by an Arkansas City paper, one of whose editors was formerly an instructor of our teacher, we think, is taking the honor from our teacher, where it justly belongs; and in the face of all these facts, 'tis more than human nature ought to be called upon to bear without a kick. Hence, our kick. IRVIN.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.


The A. O. U. W. supper at New Salem recently, in the commodious hall of the new schoolhouse, was a decided success. The brothers of Burden Lodge with their wives and daughters came down in force and thus exemplified the true idea of fraternity. Burden's Brass Band, with seventeen pieces, organized a few weeks since, was there. This band has a very competent leader, who has accomplished fine results in the short time he has been at work with his new pupils. Winfield will soon have to look out for its laurels in the way of Brass Bands.

The following items will interest our New Salem and Burden readers.

A splendid cake was voted to Miss Esther Gilmore as the best looking lady.

The respective friends of C. C. Krow and Sim S. Moore ran them as opposing candidates for the honors (i. e., a cake) of the "ugliest man." The contest waged "furious and fast," but "Sim" at the close bore aloft the "saccharine pleasantness," as victor by a handsome majority, while the treasurer smilingly scooped in the dimes.

J. F. McMullen, of Winfield, also delivered a short address on the benefits of the Order, which was listened to attentively.

Total receipts, $91, of which $55 was left as net profits after paying all expenses. This sum will be expended by the Lodge in fixing up their hall. JONATHAN.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.


I have read your articles on the annual assessment of the county with a degree of pleasure that I can poorly express, and now I wish to have my say added to your wholesome words. I express myself for a two-fold reason: First, that there might be another meeting of the assessors; and second, that there might be a just and equitable assessment of the whole county. I would like to see men fare alike, whether their property is in real estate or other property. I shall call your attention and that of the public to a few stubborn facts in the case.

1. We have a just and unambiguous law in reference to the assessment of property in Kansas.

2. Under this law, the assessors doing their duty, no reasonable minded person should complain.

3. The State requires a certain amount, and the county requires a certain amount, to meet their several expenses. What is so required must be raised by a tax on property in said State and county.

4. No honorable people should submit to fraudulent discriminations of either persons or property on the assessment roll.

Now, Mr. Editor, while your readers look these four facts square in the face, I will figure a little on the subject. And remember, it is an old and trite saying that "Figures won't lie!"

1st. Here is Mr. A, who has fifteen acres adjoining town and he would not look at one thousand dollars for the same and he is assessed the modest sum of forty-one dollars for it!

2. Mr. B, who has a quarter also adjoining town and for which he would not look at five thousand, is assessed four hundred and seventy-nine dollars.

3. Mr. C, who has an eighty, also adjoining town, is assessed two hundred and forty-six dollars.

All three of these bodies of land are so close to the center of our flourishing "burg," that they are solicited for town lots and would bring very much more than farms a mile or more in the country. The assessment is far below one-tenth of the real cash value. Now while the assessors do thus with real estate, how do they treat the merchant in town in valuing his stock of goods?

Why, they put on the last mill the law will allow. Is not this fraud? Is it not discrimination? Or is it official ability and downright patriotism? Judge ye.

4. There are farms out a mile or more that would bring from four to five thousand dollars and they are assessed at from four hundred to five hundred. Such is a fair statement of the assessment of real estate hereabout. And it compares favorably with the discrimination in livestock. Mr. D has a horse he bought a few weeks ago at one hundred and twenty dollars, assess him at eighty; while his neighbor has an extra horse worth three hundredbut no matter, assess him at eighty!

5. A few words on Implements. According to the proposed rule, they are to be assessed at from thirty-nine to fifty percent, off first cost. Well, here is a man who has good new machinery, and give him fifty percent off, which is just one-half. But his neighbor has machinery worn by use and baked in the sun, and give him the same, fifty percent off. We are the representatives of pure municipal government and just institutions, so give the poor fellow with his machinery worth about one-fourth of that of his neighbor, a chance to pay the same tax and thus prove his loyalty! Shame on the thick skulled, or rotten hearted, or bulldozed petty official who cannot or will not see the injustice and wretched discrimination of such flimsy principles, or rather lack of all true principle, and such a namby pamby way of serving the dear people.

6. Once More: There is a school here of nearly one hundred pupils and two teachers are employed. Well, after the school meeting last August, voting the highest tax allowed by the law for teachers' fund, they have only been able to pay one and a half month's salary up to this time! All the rest of the orders for the six months taught are on interest, being unpaid. And why this embarrassment? Because the assessment of the real estate in this district is so shamefully low that one percent on it would hardly bury a "kill deer," who had lately shuffled off this mortal coil for want of healthful sustenance! Now what can be done to guard against unjust discriminations, and to adjust these difficulties and make it fair to all? I answer: Let the assessors agree upon a regular procedure and assess everything on the same basis of cash value. If it is two-fifths, one-third, or one-half, let it be the same on all livestock, implements, real estate, merchandise, or any other species of property. That would probably double the valuation of Cowley County, but would not increase the county tax a single mill. The State tax might be a trifle more, but even if it was increased a dime or two upon each citizen, what of it in such a modern Eden as Cowley County? Every man knows that the county expenses must be met, and every man ought to know that low valuation of property will not make said expenses less. If it takes $50,000 to run Cowley County when land is put in at one-tenth its real value, it will cost the same $50,000 when it is put in at full value. And further: The list already made out, I think, values horses, cows, oxen, etc., at about two-fifths their real value; why not, therefore, say the same on every other species of property, and thus equalize the burden upon the shoulders of all who hold property. Can our assessors rise and explain and vindicate the basis they have laid down giving real estate such an unreasonable advantage? We shall see what we can scent on this rather cold fox track.

A. J. WERDEN, Assessor of Ninnescah Township.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.


The subject of this sketch, poor Sadie Raigh, is only a poor, lonely hired girl without money and without friends, whom a gentleman (?) tried to ruin. Because the tormented woman valued her virtue more than life, she shot the libertine, for which crime, if crime it is, she awaits trial in the jail at Chicago.

In this case we have felt intensely interested from the first, as there are many points of interest to all womankind in the girl's trial. That she was perfectly justifiable in shooting her traducer none can deny who have read the circumstances. If she is "condemned according to law," it will be to encourage libertines in pursuing poor and dependent girls. When we realize what a woman with social standing, a kind husband, and multitudes of friends, with ample means at her command, must endure to receive decent and fair treatment at the hands of a court, we tremble for poor Sadie Raigh.

We have taken considerable pains to have this young woman visited, and a prominent lady of Chicago writes the following in her behalf.

"Mr. and Mrs. Upham (proprietor of the Briggs House) speak most kindly of Sadie Raigh, who was in their employ eighteen monthsshe being noted during that time for her quiet, modest demeanor. Mrs. Upham remarked: `I never had to reprimand her while she was in the house!' High praise under the circumstances. An attempt has been made by someone to raise money for her defense. Mr. Upham subscribed $25 to the fund; but we understand that but little has come yet of this effort. . . .

"Your proposition to start a fund is a noble one. I shall attend the trial (do not yet know when it comes off) and induce others to go also."

"Our Herald desires contributions to this fund at once. There is no time to be lost. Every dollar forwarded will be noted in these columns, and be placed in the hands of reliable ladies in Chicago, who will take a personal interest in attending to Miss Raigh's case.

"Let every mother who would see her daughters safe, let every man and every woman who would have virtue triumph over lust, show their faith by their works and contribute to the Sadie Raigh fund."

Any who feel sufficiently interested in the case to assist by a remittance in defending the girl will leave the same at the Kindergarten room of Mrs. E. D. Garlick.

By order of the committee. Mrs. Caton, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.


13th Judicial District.

A Republican Convention for the 13th Judicial District of the State of Kansas will be held at Winfield, Cowley County, Tuesday, May 20th, 1884, at 2 o'clock p.m., for the purpose of nominating a candidate for the office of Judge of said Judicial district. The basis of representation in said convention will be as follows:

Elk: 3.

Cowley: 6.

Chautauqua: 3.

Sumner: 5.

By order of the Republican Judicial District Central Committee.

M. B. LIGHT, Chairman.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.


Senator John C. Long, of Chautauqua County, is suggested as the Republican candidate for lieutenant governor. El Dorado Republican.

Of Cowley County, if you please. And let it here be recorded that a Cowley County pole most generally reaches the persimmons.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.


The House has passed a bill pensioning Mrs. Sarah E. E. Seelye of Fort Scott at the rate of $50 per month. She is the lady whose biography we copied from the Monitor a few weeks since, who served as a soldier for three years during the war under the name of Frank Thompson, and when sick and about to be sent to the hospital, deserted to escape detection of her sex. She is well entitled to a larger pension.


Winfield Courier, January 24, 1884.


The Story of a Remarkable Woman, Who Served Over Two Years

In the Army, Doing Valuable Service For the Country.

She is now a Happy Wife and Mother, and Resides in Fort Scott.

[Fort Scott Monitor.]

That truth is stranger than fiction is again exemplified in the life story of Mrs. J. E. Seeyle, who resides with her husband, Mr. L. H. Seeyle, a respected gentleman of many years residence in this city. A Monitor reporter learned the principal points in her romantic career, which embody briefly all the vicissitudes of a two years' service in the war of the rebellion as a member of the Second Michigan Infantry, several months ago, but has not been at liberty to use them until now.

Mrs. Seelye is the wife of Mr. L. H. Seelye, a successful and first-class carpenter, who resides now in Southeast Fort Scott. The couple have resided in this city several years and are universally respected and esteemed by all who know them.

Mrs. Seelye's story is told best by herself, as related to a Monitor reporter, beginning back at the events which led up to the remarkable career which has linked her name indissolubly with the greatest of modern wars.

Mrs. S. E. Seelye, formerly Miss Sarah Edmonds, alias Frank Thompson, is a woman between forty and fifty years of age. She has black hair and eyes, a quick, intelligent expression, and a general appearance suggesting the idea that she might have made her toilette with scrupulous care, as to neatness, but possibly without a mirror. Her manner is direct, honest, and free from any traces of self-consciousness. With the exception of an occasional phrase, more current in the church of which she is still an active member, than elsewhere, her diction is as clear and graphic as her manner is unpretentious. She spoke freely of the past and when the reporter expressed a desire to learn something of her early life and of the causes which led her into such exceptional circumstances, she gave an account of her girlhood which is reproduced as nearly as possible in her own words.

"You have expressed a desire to know what led me to assume male attire. I will try to tell you. I think I was born into this world with some dormant antagonism toward man. I hope I have outgrown it measurably, but my infant soul was impressed with a sense of my mother's wrongs before I ever saw the light, and I probably drew from her breast with my daily food my love of independence and hatred of male tyranny.

"Youth generalizes. In our family the women were not sheltered but enslaved; hence I naturally grew up to think of man as the implacable for my sex. I had not an atom of faith in any one of them. If occasionally I met one who seemed a little better than others, I set him down in my mind as a wolf in sheep's clothing, and probably less worthy of trust than the rest.

"My father was a New Brunswick farmer; a descent, or mixture of Scotch and Irish; my mother was Frency.

"Very early in life I was forced to the conclusion, from close observation and bitter experience, that matrimony was not a safe investment for me. Although I was favored with more than one touching declaration of undying love, I greatly preferred the privilege of earning my own bread and butter. When I was thirteen years old, one of those peculiar little incidents occurred which seems like God's own finger pointing out the way to a struggling soul.

"Late one evening an old peddler came along, weary with his burden. My mother invited him in, gave him supper, and made him comfortable for the night. She never let an opportunity escape of doing a kindness to a stranger, or, in fact, to any of God's creatures who were weak or weary.

"Next morning the old man seemed very grateful, and by way of appreciation of the kindness received, he presented me with a book entitled "Fanny Campbell, the Female Sailor." It was the first novel I had ever seen.

"There were four sisters of us, and I was the youngesta mere child. Why should that man have selected me as the recipient of such a gift?

"That day my sister and I were sent to the field to plant potatoes. It was a new piece of land, far from the house, and we tookas well as the potatoesthe book and a luncheon and spent the day there. If I remember correctly, the potatoes were not all planted.

"That was the most wonderful day in all my life. The battle of Bull Run was not a circumstance to it. Surely I must have been inspired! I felt as if an angel had touched me with a live coal from off the altar. All the latent energy of my nature was aroused, and each exploit of the heroine thrilled me to my finger tips. I went home that night with the problem of my life solved. I felt equal to any emergency. I was emancipated! And I could never again be a slave.

"When I read where `Fanny' cut off her brown curls, and donned the blue jacket, and stepped into the freedom and glorious independence of masculinity, I threw up my old straw hat and shouted, as I have since heard McClellan's soldiers do when he rode past the troops on a marchonly one small throat could not make so much noise.

"The only drawback in my mind in regard to the book, was this: The heroine went to rescue an imprisoned lover, and I pitied her that she was only a poor love-sick girl, after all, like to many I had known, and I regretted that she had no higher ambition than running after a man. Perhaps later on in life, I had more charity, and gave her a credit mark, for rescuing anybodyeven a lover. From that time forth I never ceased planning escape, although it was years before I accomplished it.

"A few weeks before I left home, my father took it into his head to marry me off, and get rid of me. In obedience to orders, I became engaged, but while the preparations were going on for the wedding, one starless night, I most unceremoniously left for parts unknown.

"But before going over to the enemy, I had procured the address of a publishing house in Hartford, Connecticut, and an outfit for canvassing for a family Bible. The next thing was to test the experiment of canvassing. I could not prevail upon myself to go into a house, until I became so hungry that necessity drove me to do so. I traveled all night and hid in the woods all day, until I became accustomed to my new costume, and, finally, when I did venture out, it was in the evening twilight, and I was received with so much respect and kindness that I concluded I must be quite a gentleman. As soon as I got far enough away from home to make it safe, I went to work in good earnest, and such success as I met with deserves to be recorded in history.

"I soon became a famous bookseller. The publishing company told me that they had employed agents for thirty years, and they never had employed one that could outsell me. I made money, dressed well, owned and drove a fine horse and buggysilver mounted harness and all the paraphernalia of a nice turnouttook my lady friends out riding occasionally, and had a nice time generally.

"After a year's absence, I went home to see my mother; I could not stand it any longer, even at the risk of detection and imprisonmentno doubt you are aware that the British laws, as well as the laws of this free (?) and happy country, punish with imprisonment so great a crime as any infringement on the rights and privileges of the `lords of creation,' even in so small a matter as the fashion of their most lordly garments. This is what I call masculine law and masculine justice meted out with a vengeance.

"But to return, I went to my mother's house and introduced myself as Frank Thompson. My mother was very kind and invited me to stay to dinner, which I did. While my sister was preparing dinner, my mother entertained me with a brief history of her lost daughter. I sat there and listened and talked for an hour to the mother that bore me, and she never knew that I was her child. Was not that a complete disguise? My father was not at home. My brother soon came in from the farm, and was introduced to Mr. Thompson. I told him I wanted to buy a good saddle horse, and inquired if he had one to sell. He thought he could suit me, and we went to the stables to look at the horses. My pets in the barnyard knew me better than my human friends, and came crowding around me. Under pretense of examining the horses' mouths, I put my arm around their necks and hugged their dear old heads, and they rubbed their noses against me in recognition. The sheep, too, knew me, and flocked around, licking my hands and nibbling at my clothing, and refused to be driven away. The loving remembrance of those dear dumb creatures made me cry, and I turned aside to hide my tears.

"After looking at the horses, I decided that I did not want any of them, and we returned to the house. Dinner was announced, and we sat down and chatted for an hour, but to me it was the hardest dinner to swallow of any I ever ate; finally I stopped trying to eat, and sat with folded arms looking at them. My mother, looking up through a mist of tears, asked my sister, `Fanny, don't you think this young man looks like your poor sister?'

"That was the straw that broke the camel's back. I burst into tears and went and knelt beside her, and said: `Mother, dear, don't you know me?'

"But she declared it simply impossible for her to believe that I was her daughter.

"Like Mr. Stuart, she required proof before believing anything so absurd. Her heart was convinced, but her eyes and her intellect refused to admit the fact. While I knelt by her side, her hand rested or wandered lovingly over my short curls, but suddenly rising she drew me to the window and scanned my face closely, and then said with emphasis, `No, you are not my child. My daughter had a mole on her left cheek, but there is none here,' touching my cheek softly with her hand.

"Mother," I said, "get your glasses and you will see the scar. I had the mole removed for fear I might be detected by it." But before she could attempt to get them, I ran to her room and brought her glasses from the little shelf where she used to keep them, and placed them on her dear face just as I used to do. Then she saw that the mole had really been removed, and was convinced. She cried and laughed both at once, and I caught her up in my strong arms as if she were a baby, and carried her round the room and held her and kissed her until she forgave me for running away from her. Oh! I tell you, we had a grand time there for an hour or two, and the big `elder' brother did not refuse to come in and rejoice over the prodigal's return.

"I never say anybody look so completely outdone as my brother when I told him who I was. He didn't say a word for some time; then said, `Well, I thought it was mighty strange that the stock made such a ______ fuss about the fellow.'

"After the first excitement was over, I found myself frequently glancing towards the door, fearing that I might unexpectedly find myself fact to face with the stern master of ceremonies of that demoralized household, but no such happy event transpired.

"That same afternoon I bade them all good bye, and returned to my self-imposed duties. I walked almost all night to reach my destination, the distance I think was nineteen miles, but only a portion of it was an open, well defined road, the other part only a narrow path through the woods.

"Soon after that, by a strange catastrophe, I lost every dollar that I owned and all my books except a Biblemy sampleand my valise. I sold the Bible for five dollars, and with that in my pocket, I started for the United States, in mid winter, snow three feet deep in New Brunswick. In that way I performed the journey from Fredericton, New Brunswick, with the exceptions of a few miles' ride occasionally.

"Oh! I could tell you a tale of suffering and hardships and weariness endured on that journey that no experience of mine in the army ever equaled. I reached Hartford in a most forlorn condition. A stranger in a strange countrya fit subject for a hospitalwithout money and without friends.

"I went to a hotel just as if I had plenty of money, and rested several days before presenting myself to the publishers. My feet were badly frost-bitten and my boots literally worn out, and my last suit of clothes were rather the worse for wear, and my linenwell, it is hardly worth speaking of. But I had a good watch and chain, which I pawned for a sum sufficient to enable me to make a more respectable appearance.

"Then, with as gentlemanly address as I could get up, I introduced myself to the publishers, and almost in the same breath I asked them if they had any use for a boy who had neither money nor friends, but who was hard to beat on selling books. They laughed a good, hearty, manly laugh, and replied: `Yes, you are just the boy we want if you are hard to beat on selling books. We will be both money and friends to you.'

"I told them they would have to take me on trial, as I had no security to give them. One of the firm named Scranton, said: `We'll take your face for it.' Another of the firm, Mr. Hurbertwho afterwards published my booktook me home to his house and introduced me to his family as `a boy who was hard to beat on selling books.' I dined there that day, and after dinner, was invited to go with them in their carriage for a drive around the city. The kindness I received that day was worth a thousand dollars to me. I have never forgotten it, and I hope they have never had reason to regret it. The next day they employed me as their agent, and gave money and books sufficient for a successful campaign in Nova ScotiaI think it required over fifty dollars cash to pay my way there and my expenses after I got there until I had sold and delivered my first lot of books. Oh, how manly I felt; and what pride I took in proving to them that their confidence in me was not misplaced.

"I went to Nova Scotia in February and returned in November of the same year, and in that time I cleared nine hundred dollars. I stopped at first-class houses, lived well, dressed well, gave away more money to benevolent societies, etc., than in all the rest of my life, and came near marrying a pretty little girl who was bound I should not leave Nova Scotia without her.

"The next trip I made was out west, according to Horace Greeley's advice to young men `to go west and grow up with the country.' But before I had time to grow up much, the war broke out and I became a soldier. So, you see, 'tis true that

"The best laid plans o' mice and men, gang aft agley."

"When the rebellion broke out, I was in the vicinity of Flint, Michigan, and was present when the first troops bade farewell to their home and friends and marched to their place of rendezvous at Detroit, Michigan. It was while witnessing the anguish of that first parting that I became convinced that I, too, had a duty to perform in the sacred cause of Truth and Freedom.

"I spent days and nights in anxious thought in deciding in what capacity I should try to serve the Union cause; and during all my deliberations this fact was borne in upon me, viz: That I could best the interest of the Union cause in male attirecould better perform the necessary duties for sick and wounded men, and with less embarrassment to them and to myself as a man than as a woman.

"I enlisted under the name of Franklin Thompson, as a private soldier, in Co. F., 2nd Michigan Infantry Volunteers, one or about the 25th of May, 1861, and was mustered into the service by Lt. Col. J. R. Smith, U. S. A., Wm. R. Morse, Capt. Co. F, Col. Israel B. Richardson commanding Regiment.

"I had no other motive in enlisting than love to God, and love for suffering humanity. I felt called to go and do what I could for the defense of the rightif I could not fight, I could take the place of someone who could and thus add one more soldier to the ranks.

"I at first enlisted for three months; and afterwards re-enlisted for three years or during the war. I had no desire to be promoted to any office. I went with no other ambition than to nurse the sick and care for the wounded. I had inherited from my mother a rare gift of nursing, and when not too weary or exhausted, there was a magnetic power in my hands to soothe the delirium.

"I went to Fort Wayne, Detroit, Michigan, and drilled, did fatigue duties, and performed all the necessary duties of a soldier in camp, and when off duty I assisted in caring for the sick. I went to Washington with the above named company and regiment, stood guard and picket duty, and drilled with Co. F, 2nd Michigan, until the regimental hospital became filled from sunstroke and other causes, then I was detailed to hospital dutyDr. A. B. Palmer, surgeon in charge. Then the sick were sent to city hospitals and preparations made to march to Bull Run.

"When the Union army retreated to Centreville Heights, stacked arms, and threw themselves on the ground, as I supposed for the night, I went into the stone church, which was used as a hospital at Centreville, and became so much engaged in doing what I could for the wounded and dying that I forget everything outside the hospital, and before I knew it the whole army had retreated to Washington; but I escaped under cover of darkness and made my way alone to Washington, not arriving there until 24 hours after the troops had reached their old camp.

"The defeat at Bull Run filled the hospitals and I was again detailed on hospital duty. Some months after thisI cannot remember the dateI became mail carrier for the 2nd Michigan Infantry, and subsequently postmaster and mail carrier for the brigade to which the Second Michigan Infantry belonged, Berry's, I think. In this capacity I went to the peninsula with General McClellan's army, and remained there as postmaster and mail carrier all through the peninsula campaign.

During the siege of Yorktown, I carried the mail on horseback for the brigade, from Fortress Monroe to the troops in front of Yorktownletters, papers, and packages, averaging, I think, from two to three bushels each tripthe distance, about 25 or 30 miles. Owing to the condition of the roads, I was often compelled to spend the nights alone by the roadside. It was reported that the bushwhackers had murdered a mail carrier on that road and robbed the mail, and there seemed to be evidence in the fact, for in the most lonely spot of all the road, the ground was still strewn with fragments of letters and papers, over which I often passed when it was so dark that I only knew it by the rustle of the letters under my horse's feet.

"I was at the battle of Williamsburg, where many of the brave Second Michigan Infantry were killed and wounded, and among the wounded was Wm. R. Morse, Captain Co. F., Michigan Infantry, whom I assisted in removing to the transport which took the wounded to Fortress Monroe.

"When the battle of Fair Oaks occurred, I was sick with chills and fever, but worked among the wounded till they were sent away, and then tried to assist in identifying and burying the dead, E. J. Bonnie, surgeon in charge of Second Michigan.

"While the Union troops lay in front of Richmond, the floods frequently carried away the Chickahominy bridges, and I was more than once obliged to swim my horse across the swift running stream in going back and forth with the mail. Those cold baths in the Chickahominy river fastened the chills and fever upon me, which eventually drove me from the army; setting drenched in the saddle for hours, sometimes all night, shivering by the roadside watching for daylight to pick my way through the dangerous mud holes through which mule teams had wallowed.

"I was also in the seven days fight crossing the peninsula to the James river, and more than once I narrowly escaped with my life. I cannot, at this time, after a lapse of twenty years, remember by whose order or suggestion I went to a farm house which stood some distance from our line to secure some stores for our famishing men. I went, however, and while there the enemy opened fire upon our troops at that point, and before I could return I found myself between two fires, our men having responded; but I secured the provisions and returned unhurt.

"After the army went into camp at Harrison's Landing, I resumed my duties as postmaster, and when General McClellan's army was ordered from the peninsula, I returned to Alexandria with Company F., Second Michigan Infantry. Upon the arrival of the troops at Alexandria, they were sent forward to re-enforce General Pope in the Shenandoah Valley, and I did not join them again until at the battle of second Bull Run.

"I was at the battle of Fredericksburgh, and by my own request, acted as Orderly for General O. M. Poe during the battle, Burnside commanding.

"I went to Kentucky on or about the 20th [?NOT SURE OF DATE?] of March, 1863, with Company F., Second Michigan Infantry. About this time the Second Michigan was transferred from Ferry's brigade, Birney's division, third corps, to first brigade, Burns' division, ninth corps, Col. Wm. Humphrey, commanding regiment. I remained with Co. F., Second division, at Bardstown, and Lebanon, Kentucky, until I became debilitated by chills and fever contracted on the peninsula. I had, previous to this, applied for a leave of absence, but was refused, my papers having been returned "disapproved." I now became discouraged, and feared that if I remained longer, my sex might be discovered.

"I left the army some time in April, 1863, and proceeded to Oberlin, Ohio, where I remained four weeks in the same costume in which I had served as mail carrier. Then I changed my apparel, and resumed my own proper dress, and have never worn any disguises since, except when sitting for pictures.

"I went to Hartford, Connecticut, and made arrangements with Hulbert, Williams & Co., to publish a book entitled "The Nurse and Spy," which I wrote for the benefit of the sick and wounded soldiers, to whom it was dedicated. The book was accordingly published by said company, which proved a success, and furnished remunerative employment to many disabled soldiers and war widows in selling it by subscription.

"Knowing the publishers of this book to be faithful men, and true to the interests of Union soldiers, I left it in their hands to superintend and pay over to different organiza- tionsSantamy Commission, Christian Commission, and Soldiers' Aid Societiesall the proceeds of the book which belonged to me, and I returned to hospital duty once more, under the auspices of the Christian Commission, at Harper's Ferry, Rev. J. R. Miller, agent for the Department of the Cumberland. I remained in that department nursing the sick and wounded, visiting different hospitals from Harper's Ferry to Clarksburgh, West Virginia, distributing the delicacies and more substantial comforts furnished through the agencies of the "Nurse and Spy," until the close of the war. Then, when finally victory perched upon the national banner, and the dear old stars and stripes once more floated over every city, town, and hamlet of the South, as in the North, I went to Oberlin, Ohio, where I studied for a time but found it too monotonous, after so much excitement.

"In 1886 I went home to visit my people in New Brunswick, and returned to Ohio the same year. In 1867 I was married to L. H. Seelye, of Saint John, New Brunswick, whose love and tender care still bless my declining years.

"I make no statement of any secret service. In my mind there is almost as much odium attached to the word "Spy," as there is to the word "deserter." There is so much mean deception necessarily practiced by a spy, that I would much prefer everyone should believe that I never was beyond the enemy's lines, rather than fasten upon me by oath a thing that I despise so much. It may do in war time; but it is not pleasant to think upon in time of peace. I never was wounded in battle, nor taken prisoner, but I was disabled by accident on three different occasions while on duty, from the effects of which, I think, I have never fully recovered.

"I have never received any bounty or back pay from State or Government. I do not remember the date to which I was paid in the army."

The book, The Nurse and Spy, mentioned by Mrs. Seelye was written by her about the first of the third year of the war under the auspices of the Sanitary Commission, and was published and sold for the benefit of the wounded and sick soldiers of the war. An idea of her services in that direction and the sterling quality of her character may be gathered from the following letter bearing upon the subject.


Mrs. E. E. Seelye.

MADAM: Your letter of the 23rd of February is received and contents noted. I am willing to state all I know in regard to your services in the Army and among the sick soldiers. I suppose you did enlist in a Michigan regiment as Frank Thompson; heard nothing from you until you left the army. When you returned you wrote a book called "Nurse and Spy," which gave an account of your doings in the war, which had a large sale, I think 175,000 copies. We, as publishers, gave the sanitary commission and other causes hundreds of dollars from the profits of the book; also gave you, I think, two $500 bonds, 1,000 of which you sued among the sick and wounded soldiers at Harper's Ferry. I understood at the time you had appropriated the amount in that way. You spent some months, I think at Harper's Ferry; often heard of you by the way of chaplains of my acquaintance who had met you thee. You ask me if S. Eursua E. Edmunds and Frank Thompson are one and the same. I answer, yes. I know they are same person; I knew of Frank Thompson in Nova Scotia and knew of Miss S. E. Emma Edmunds here; can state that she was a good Christian lady, honest and true as far as my knowledge extends. When Frank Thompson left for the army in Michigan, he returned the books and wrote us that he had enlisted. It was his duty to do so, if he knew he would be killed. You, Mrs. Seelye, have done everything in your power for the sick and wounded soldier and for the Union cause. You deserve a pension from the government.

Yours truly, A. M. HULBERT.

[Note: Some confusion with last name...article calls him Hurlbert...affidavit is signed by Hulbert...believe that the affidavit is correct and newspaper reporter got name wrong!]

If Mrs. Seelye needed further authentication, which it does not, the following makes it complete.


Damon Stewart by me duly sworn, deposes and says that he is a resident of the City of Flint, County of Genesee, and State of Michigan, and that he was enlisted as a private in Company "F.", Second Regiment, Michigan Infantry Volunteers at Flint, Michigan, on or about the eighteenth day of April, A. D., 1861; and that he was subsequently promoted to Corporal and Sergeant of said company respectively. And deponent further says that Emma E. Seeyle is the identical person who enlisted under the name of Franklin Thompson, as a private in said Company "F.", Second Regiment, Michigan Infantry, Volunteers at Detroit, Michigan, on or about the first day of May, A. D. 1861. And deponent further says that the said deponent remained with said company and regiment until May 5th, 1862, when he was wounded and left said company and regiment. And the deponent further says, that during said time from on or about April 18th, 1861, until May 5th, 1862, when the said deponent was with said company and regiment, said Franklin Thompson (S. Emma E. Seelye) remained with said company and regiment, and performed cheerfully and fully and at all times any duty which was assigned her, and this deponent further says, that so far as he can remember, said duty consisted chiefly of either acting as nurse or carrying mail. And deponent further says, that during all of said time, said Franklin Thompson (S. Emma E. Seelye), bore a good reputation, always behaved as a person of good moral character and a consistent Christian, and was always ready for duty. And deponent further says, that he makes this statement from personal knowledge, having known said Franklin Thompson as aforesaid, and that he knows that said S. Emma E. Seelye is the identical Franklin Thompson as aforesaid. And the deponent further says, that on or about the fifth day of August, A. D. 1882, he was mustered in as First Lieutenant and Adjutant of the Twenty-Third Michigan Infantry Volunteers by Lieutenant Col. J. R. Smith, U. S. A., at Detroit, Michigan, and was mustered in as Captain of Company "K" in said regiment on September 12th, 1882, and further saith not.

DAMON STEWART, Late Captain Co. K. 23rd Regiment, Mich. Inf. Vol's.

Subscribed and sworn to before me, this 8th day of March, A. D., 1882. Deponent is the person he represents himself to be and a creditable person.

JOHN J. CARTER, Clerk of the Circuit Court, Genesee County, Michigan.

FLINT, MICHIGAN, March 31, 1882.

This is to certify, that in the month of May, 1861, I enlisted in Company "F," Second Regiment, Michigan Volunteers Infantry, and that during the same month, one Franklin Thompson, enlisted as a private soldier in the same company. He proceeded with the regiment to Washington and was present at the first battle of Bull Run, and in the several engagements on the peninsula, Virginia. He was for some time Regimental Mail Carrier, and was especially attentive to the sick in hospital. A few days since I met this same Frank Thompson (whom I immediately recognized) in the person of Mrs. S. Emma E. Seelye, now a resident of Kansas. WM. B. McCREERY. Late Col. 21st Mich. Vol's Inft.

Besides these, Mrs. Seelye has in her possession a large number of similar affidavits and statements taken at about the same time, which, was the first intimation that the members of the Second Michigan had that their former comrade was a woman and fixing her identity.

From "Michigan in the War," a historical sketch of all of the Michigan regiments which served in the war, carefully compiled by John Robertson, Adjutant General, the following allusion to Frank Thompson appears.

In Company F, 2nd Michigan, there enlisted at Flint, Franklin Thompson (or Frank, as usually called), aged twenty, ascertained afterwards and about the time he left the regiment to have been a female, and a good looking one at that. She succeeded in concealing her sex most admirably, serving in various campaigns and battles of the regiment as a soldier; often employed as spy, going within the enemy's lines, sometimes absent for weeks, and is said to have furnished much valuable information. She remained with the regiment until April, 1868, when it is supposed she apprehended a discloser of her sex and deserted at Lebanon, Kentucky, but where she went remained a mystery.


Opposite Fredericksburg, Virginia, December 5, 1862.


11. Private Frank Thompson, Company F, 2d Michigan Volunteers, is detailed on special duty at these headquarters as postmaster and mail carrier for the brigade.

Signed, O. M. POE, Colonel Commanding Brigade.

Official: JAMES REID. Lieut. and A. A. A. G.

In closing this interesting and dramatic sketch, the reporter feels constrained to remark that Mrs. Seelye said well, when she declared her belief in early life that:

"Honor nor shame from condition rise,

Act well your part there all the honor lies."

In all of the struggles and vicissitudes of her eventful career she acted her part nobly and courageously, and now as a respected wife and mother, she acts well the duties assigned to her by the cares and responsibility of husband and children.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.



To the Winfield Courier:

I have seen Hon. John M. Gregory of the Civil Service Commission, and he has consented to go to Kansas late in May, for the purpose of holding examinations for applicants who desire positions here in Washington.

He will visit Topeka, and perhaps two or three other places in the state, depending upon number of applicants for clerkships. Persons desiring an examination for such position, should send to the Commission here in Washington the applications, and, they will have returned to them all needful blanks, and copies of the rules and regulations, which will inform them how to proceed.

The examinations in Kansas will be under the personal supervision of Dr. Gregory, and will be of a practical character; and I hope that such of our friends in southeastern Kansas as desire clerkships in Washington, will avail themselves of this opportunity, and send in applications to the Civil Service Commission at once. Notice will at once be given of the places that Dr. Gregory will visit for the purpose of holding examinations when he visits our state.

I wish the papers in the 3rd Congressional District would copy this notice as generally as they can, as its object is to give publicity to all. I am truly yours, B. W. PERKINS.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.


The result of the city election is generally satisfactory. The contest was not very spirited, the issue being merely a personal choice between candidates, neither of whom seemed very anxious to succeed. There was a general sentiment that too much taxes have already been placed on the city by the inauguration of water works, gas works, and fire department, and against any extensions of mains this year to add to the city taxes; and that was the only issue talked of. As all the candidates for councilmen were pledged against extensions, both by the actions of the caucuses which nominated them and by their own declarations, this issue was one sided.

The policy of the city council this year will be to keep down expenses to the lowest possible limit and raise all the revenue practicable from other sources than direct taxation so as, if possible, to pay all the water and gas rents from these sources and leave only the ordinary expenses of the city to raise by direct taxation.

It is certainly time we called a halt and looked about us to see what we are coming to.

In the first ward, Mr. R. S. Wilson would certainly have been re-elected to the Council if he had consented to serve another term, for he has been the strongest opponent to heavy taxation, and advocate of economy, and his services have earned the thanks of the taxpayers of this city.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.


We hear from prominent attorneys in this and adjoining judicial districts a demand for a member of the Supreme Court of this state from this section of the state and in this connection the name of Judge E. S. Torrance is becoming prominent. The three judges of that court have always been of the northeast corner. Judges Horton and Valentine are good men for the place and will probably continue to be nominated and elected to succeed themselves as long as they desire the office. They both live in the northeast corner. There are just as good men for the place in the balance of the state as in that corner and this more western and southern portion of the state should have the preference. Judge Torrance is the peer of any of them in all qualities that would grace the Supreme bench, his location is best, and the Republican State convention should nominate him. If he should consent to become a candidate, he will get the warmest support from the COURIER.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.


Hon. J. W. Weimer is down home from the Yellowstone National Park on a vacation of a couple of weeks. He presented the Editor with a most beautiful specimen of the ornamental work turned out at nature's great work shop in that park. It is a large cavalry horseshoe with all the nails in and bent over in the shape when clinched on, and all is finely coated with a thick coat of snow like mineral matter deposited evenly all over the whole by the mineral waters of the geysers. Mr. Weimer has our cordial thanks for this exquisite specimen as well as for the excellent articles which gave description of the park that appeared in the COURIER.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.


It is supposed that Gov. Glick will appoint a Democrat to fill the vacancy on the Supreme bench of this state and some suppose it will be his late law partner, Judge Otis of Atchison. Several prominent Democrats have been mentioned, among whom is J. Wade McDonald of this City. It would be a graceful thing and an appointment which would reflect credit upon the governor if he could extend his vision beyond the limits of the northeast corner of the state and appoint so accomplished a jurist as J. Wade McDonald.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.


We have seen the record of the Percheron Norman Horses now in charge of Mr. Eslinger and believe them to be the best breed of any that ever came to this country.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

County Attorney Jennings is encased in a cave of gloom. His prize calf died with the black-leg. His affections were wrapped up in that calf. He had fed it skimmed milk with a spoon, and watched its youthful development with tenderest solicitude, only in the end to see it die with such a vulgar complaint as the black-leg. What matters it if the calf was mangy, carried an abbreviated tail, and had lost an ear in a sanguinary encounter with a town curit was a good calf and ought to have lived a long, useful, and prosperous life. Frank has our sympathy and, if he will accept it, fifty cents to buy him a new calf.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Rev. B. Kelley, the new Methodist minister, preached his first sermon here last Sunday. He is one of the best ministers of the church in Kansas, is an eloquent and forcible speaker, and best of all, is noted for his firm and aggressive stand in favor of everything that tends to elevate the moral tone of the community. The saloon keepers and law-breakers of Wichita found in him a determined, never-ceasing enemy. Winfield has a warm welcome for all such men. [Kelly? Kelley?]

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

DIED. Mr. James Carmine died Tuesday evening at his residence in the east part of the city. He had for many months been suffering with consumption. The funeral takes place from his residence today (Thursday) at nine o'clock. He will be buried with the Grand Army of the Republic honors by the Winfield Post. [Carnine?]

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Certificates of wedded bliss have been issued by Judge Gans.


L. W. Burnett to Carolina Donelly.

August Kadau to Katie Schwantes.

Geo. E. Reynolds to Mattie J. Reynolds.

C. L. Jones to Ellie Codle.

Frank Fawsett [?Fawcett?] to Hanna L. Gilbert.

Edgar A. Lee to Nannie Chapell.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

The Wichita M. E. Church paid their pastor, Rev. B. Kelly, his salary of $1,300 promptly, and then added $100 for good measure, when he came to Winfield. [Kelley?]

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

From Emporia.

It is of course no news to any of your readers that the recent decision of the Supreme Court ends forever the further prosecution of Wm. H. Colgate for that arson. I read the opinion with some interest, having studied with care the brief prepared by Joseph F. McMullen, whom I have long known as an able, conscientious, and hard working lawyer. That brief was carefully prepared after diligent research; and a verification of the authorities therein cited was certain prophecy of what the opinion would be. Mr. McMullen deserves from his client life-long gratitude, and from the profession liberal praise. J. JAY BUCK.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Resolutions of Respect.

At a regular meeting of Winfield Lodge No. 20 I. O. G. T. held on Friday evening, March 28th, the following resolutions were unanimously adopted.

WHEREAS, It has pleased our Heavenly Father, in his Divine wisdom, to remove from our midst sister J. M. Fahnestock, therefore be it

Resolved, 1. That we tender to the bereaved family our sympathy in this their hour of affliction.

2. That in the death of our sister the cause of temperance has lost a friend and supporter.

3. That as a mark of respect due our late sister, our charter be draped in mourning for thirty days.

4. That these resolutions be entered upon our records and that the secretary be directed to transmit a copy to the bereaved family.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

MARRIED. August Kadau, Winfield's "boss" boot and shoe manufacturer, and Miss Katie Schwantes will be married this (Wednesday) evening at the residence of the bride's parents, four miles up the Walnut. B. W. Shields, Billy Dawson, Geo. Headrick, and others will be present to witness the ceremony and enjoy the festivities of the occasion. August is receiving a prize well worthy such a genial, substantial, and popular young man, and we wish himself and fair bride all the happiness and blessings obtainable in this world. The necessary perquisites for housekeeping have already been purchased and the happy couple will settle down in the "little brown front" immediately.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Our readers will remember the sad accident mentioned in the COURIER a few weeks ago wherein Charles Hickenlooper, a young man in the employ of Mr. H. C. Reynolds was struck on the head by a well drill crank and died in a few hours. He was a moneyless stranger in a strange land and in recognition of the kindly care given the body, the following card of thanks has been sent us for publication by the young man's parents at Albia, Iowa.

"To the many friends, though strangers to us, at Winfield we return our unfeigned thanks for their true Samaritan benevolence, Christian manners, humane services, and evidence of respect toward us, the parents, and our unfortunate one, in this dire calamity. Especially to H. C. Reynolds and brother, Mr. Emmet Noble and lady, Rev. Cairns, the editors of Winfield for kind notice, and to all others sympathizing. Charles Hickenlooper, Mary Hickenlooper."

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Miss Emma Bristol, of Bristol Sisters, Florists, Topeka, will be in Winfield from Tuesday noon, April 8th, until Thursday noon, April 10th, with a choice collection of house and bedding plants, bulbs, flower seeds, etc., for sale. This will give our people a splendid opportunity to make personal selections of plants, seeds, and bulbs. We bespeak for her a cordial reception and have no hesitation in assuring our citizens that they will be fully repaid by calling on her at the time and place mentioned. At Friend's music and millinery store, Tuesday noon to Thursday noon, April 8th to 10th.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Dr. Taylor has associated with him in practice, Dr. Horace H. Sprith, who has the reputation of being a good doctor and one of the most successful magnetic manipulators in the west. This combination promises extraordinary advantages for the sick in both acute and chronic diseases. Let the sick test the merits of these physicians. Dr. Taylor's success is well known. He has practiced in a hundred and seven families in this and adjoining counties and up-to-date reports the loss of not a single patient.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

At a regular session of the New Salem lodge of A. O. U. W. held March 21st, the follow- ing resolution was adopted.

Resolved, That we extend to the brotherhood of Burden, to the Burden band, to J. F. McMullen, of Winfield, and to the ladies of New Salem a vote of thanks of the lodge for their assistance at our festival March 20th. W. H. LUCAS, Rec'd.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Miss Nettie R. McCoy and class, assisted by the Courier Band, will give a concert at the Opera House on Tuesday evening, April 8th. Miss McCoy is one of our best musical instructors and her concerts in the past have been such as to insure a large audience on this occasion.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Singing Class.

Organized by Mr. Marsh. Commence term 12 lessons Friday evening, Baptist lecture room. Necessary that all wishing to attend be present.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

John Cairns and lady came down from Polo last week and spent a few days with relatives. John is manipulating Col. McMullen's 11,000 acre farm and doing it in a manner most creditable.

[Paper had 11000...11,000 acres??? 1,100 acres???]

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Blind Boone, the musical prodigy who entertained a Winfield audience some time ago, comes again on the 12th inst., under auspices of the Juvenile Band.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

The pedigree short horn bull, Tom Marshall, purchased at a Kansas City sale by John R. Smith some time ago, was bought by Sid Cure Saturday for $125.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Millions of new buttons at M. Hahn & Co.'s.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

City Election.

The election for city officers Tuesday passed off quietly, only about 550 votes being polled. The following is the result.


JUSTICE OF THE PEACE: G. H. Buckman, 270; J. E. Snow, 168; L. L. Beck, 137.

CONSTABLES: H. H. Siverd, 218; T. H. Herrod, 217; Jas. McClain, 130.

COUNCILMEN: W. R. McDonald, 160; Marshall Howard, 147.

MEMBERS SCHOOL BOARD: Geo. Ordway, 158; E. S. Bedilion, 153.


JUSTICE OF THE PEACE: G. H. Buckman, 205; J. E. Snow, 131; L. L. Beck, 96.

CONSTABLES: H. H. Siverd, 146; T. H. Herrod, 128; Jas. McLain, 121.

COUNCILMEN: W. J. Hodges, 120; S. J. Hepler, 97.

MEMBERS SCHOOL BOARD: W. C. Robinson, long term, 118; B. F. Wood, long term, 105; Jas. H. Bullene, short term, 122; W. H. Smith, short term, 103.

Paper did not break down to show who won....

It appears that Buckman became Justice of the Peace.

It appears that H. H. Siverd became Constable.

It appears that W. R. McDonald became councilman in the first ward.

It appears that W. J. Hodges became councilman in the second ward.

It appears that Geo. Ordway became member of school board in first ward.

It appears that W. C. Robinson became long-term member, school board, in 2nd ward.

It appears that Jas. H. Bullene became short-term member, school board, in 2nd ward.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Donavin's "Original Tennesseeans" are Coming.

Donavin's Original Tennesseeans, the celebrated troupe of Colored Vocalists, which assisted in building the Central Tennessee College at Nashville, and the same company that visited this place two years ago, will visit Winfield again about April 17th, and present their new and varied program. They desire particularly not to be confounded with Jubilee singers, for the reason that they are really cultured vocalists, and present a strictly first-class concert. We have before us the most favorable press notices, which guarantee us in promising one of the best of entertainments.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Type for Sale.

Three hundred pounds of the Brevier type used on this paper for sale at 25 cents per pound. Also, a large lot of job and advertising type.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Mr. L. F. Johnson of Beaver Township lost his splendid Hereford bull last week with black-leg. He purchased it and two heifers at the Garth & Co. sale some weeks ago. The bull cost him $325 and was one of the highest bred animals in the county.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Mr. Joe Yoeman, of Vernon, was gored by a vicious bull last Thursday. The injuries were quite severe, but not serious. He was crossing the lot where the animal was confined, when it made at him, running a horn through his thigh.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Six refrigerator cars came in last week on the Southern Kansas for J. P. Baden. He will load them with eggs for shipment east this week. With the present hen activity in the county, Baden will do a rattling egg business.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Real estate reached its highest point last Thursdayabout a mile. There were clouds of it, surging up and down and lapping over. It was decidedly the worst day we have ever seen in Kansas.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Mrs. P. F. Wright has leased the store formerly occupied by Mrs. Stump, south of the Tower Grocery, and will soon open a fine assortment of Millinery and Ladies' furnishing goods.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Mrs. Judge E. S. Torrance, of this city, wants a good girl to do household work. Good wages and a permanent situation offered. Applications may be made by letter or in person.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Max Shoeb was over from Oxford Monday. He says it does him good to visit the metrop- olis of the Southwest occasionally and view the scenes of his pioneer days.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Mr. A. N. Denning and lady passed through the city Saturday on their way to Arkansas City for a visit. They will return and spend a few days with friends here.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Frank Howland made a flying visit to Winfield. Frank has been a salesman with Fitch and Barron at Arkansas City for some months past.

[Believe it is Barron...but not 100% sure. Courier had "Brorn."]

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Frank Dorley came in from Harper Wednesday morning. He has his carriage factory buildings up and started ten men to work Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

J. Q. Benbrook, of Fayetteville, Arkansas, an old acquaintance of Messrs. S. Bard and A. P. Johnson, came in Friday and will locate permanently.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

A sixteen year old girl, hailing from Parsons, dressed in man's attire, arrived last week and will probably locate with us.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Judge Bard has returned from a visit of some weeks in Texas, as jolly and corpulent as ever.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Ben Cox returned Wednesday morning from a prospecting tour in Harper County.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

New stock Hats at Hoosier Furnishing Goods Store.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Satin and silk dolmans for spring wear at M. Hahn & Co.'s.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

A fine selection of wall paper at Henry Goldsmith's.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

For California Cabbage, go to J. C. Long's.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Men's embroidered toilet slippers, Smith & Zook.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Old Government Java Coffee, at Long's Grocery.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

RECAP: In District Court...Edgar Smith, plaintiff, versus Thomas A. Wilkinson and Anna C. Wilkinson, Hampton S. Story and ____ Story, his wife, whose real name is unknown, Isaac A. Camp and _____ Camp, his wife, whose real name is unknown, Gibbs, Sterret & Co., Gibbs Sterret Manufacturing Company, G. and C. Merriam, A. P. Dickey, James A. Loomis, M. G. Troup. John W. Curns, Nannie J. Platter, Administratrix of the estate of James E. Platter, deceased, Nannie J. Platter, Houston Platter, Bell T. Platter, Margaret M. Platter, Robert I. Platter, and Jane E. Platter, heirs at law of James E. Platter, deceased, and M. T. Green, E. T. Williamson, and George S. Pratt, partners doing business under the firm name and style of the Chicago Lumber Company, defendants.

Notice that defendants are being sued by plaintiff April 2, 1884. Petition names defendant Wilkinson for the sum of $418 with 12 percent interest thereon from May 1, 1880, on a certain promissory note executed and delivered by said defendant Wilkinson to secure the payment of said sum of money on real estate.

Location of real estate: southwest quarter of section 28, township thirty, south of range No. six east.

If judgment, interest, and costs not paid in six months, mortgaged premises to be sold according to law without appraisement, and the proceeds arising from such sale to be applied to the payment of said judgment, interest, and costs. And same applied to the other defendants named...adjudging and decreeing their estate, title, and interest in and to said mortgaged premises to be junior and inferior to the mortgage lien of the plaintiff, and that upon the completion of said dale that the defendants and each, all, and every of them and all persons claiming by, through, or under them, be forever barred and foreclosed of all rights, title, and interest in and to said mortgaged premises or any part thereof.

HENRY E. ASP, Attorney for Plaintiff.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.


Have the agency for the following goods.

Stacy, Adams & Co.'s Men's Fine Shoes.

Hunt & Holbrook's, Hartford Ct., Men's Kip Boots.

Mosby & Fink, St. Jo, Heavy Calf Boots.

Reynolds Bro.'s Ladies' Fine Shoes.

Ziegler Bro's Ladies' Fine Shoes.

J. & T. Cousin's Ladies' Fine Shoes.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.




Buy and sell city and farm property on commission and on their own account. For description of property, call or address us, with stamp. Those wishing to invest in First Mortgage Real Estate Loans, address us. References, Winfield Bank, and Donnell, Lawson & Simpson, Brokers, New York.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

SUIT: Carrie A. Legg, plaintiff vs. Benjamin M. Legg, defendant, a non-resident of the State of Kansas.. Petition filed December 20, 1883, for divorce...asking for all real estate and personal property as alimony. McMULLEN & LELAND, Plaintiff's Attorneys.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

The markets stand about the same as last week, with but little heavy produce coming in. Wheat brings 85 cents, corn 30 cents, hogs $5.80 per cwt., hay $5.00 per ton, chickens, live, 6 cents per pound, dressed 8 cents, turkeys, live, 9 cents, dressed, 11 cents, potatoes 75 cents, butter 20 cents, and eggs 11 cents.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

A cook wanted at the Olds House.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Miss McCoy's concert on Tuesday evening, April 8th.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Don't fail to buy the Pivot Corset at Hoosier Store.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Children's spring heel shoes for sale by Smith & Zook.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

20 different styles of men's shoes at O'Meara & Randolphs'.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Smith & Zook's goat button shoe at $2.50 is unequaled by any other.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

If you want a nice juicy steak, go to the Meat Market of Miller & Dawson.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Top of the market for forty bushels of good clean white oats. Ed. P. Greer.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

For the latest improved patterns in gasoline stoves, go to Horning and Whitney's.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Prather's stock of men's and boys' fine shoes is immense. Libby's Patent a specialty.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Remember the concert by Miss McCoy and class on Tuesday evening next at the Opera House.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Why isn't the clock in the McDougall tower kept running? It's time someone was looking after it.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

A good second hand top buggy for saleside bar, Brewster spring. Cheap if sold at once. Enquire at this office.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Go to J. H. Hetherington & Son for the last and latest styles of painting and graining, paper hanging, and decorating.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

The culvert between the Santa Fe depot and the west bridge has a dangerous hole in it. Somebody ought to look after it.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Mr. G. S. Manser was elected vice president of the Real Estate Agents' Society, which held a meeting at Emporia last week.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

The reader will find an interesting letter on fourth page descriptive of Winfield written by Prof. C. Marsh to a New York paper.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

The law allows ladies the privilege of voting for members of the school Board. There were none voted last Tuesday. They were not registered.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

We call attention to notice elsewhere of the visit to our city April 8th to 10th of Bristol Sisters, Florist, Topeka, Kansas. Remember time and place, Friend's Music Store.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Judge Torrance has sold two acres and a half out of his ten acre tract on East 12th Avenue, to J. E. Conklin, for $1,250. Mr. Conklin will build a fine residence there during the summer.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

The COURIER will come out in an entire new dress next week. The type will be one size smaller than that now used. The change to smaller type is necessitated by the pressure on our advertising columns.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

We missed our copy of the Dexter Eye last week, but everyone pronounces it a "one-eyed daisy." Walter G. Seaver is one of the brightest young journalists in these parts. He will run a sparkling sheet as long as it lastswhich we hope may be forever.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Miss Nettie R. McCoy and class will give another of their interesting concerts on Tuesday evening April 8th at the Opera House. They will be assisted by the Courier Band. Tickets 10 cents, for sale at Goldsmith's. Doors open at 7:30; concert begins promptly at 8 o'clock.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

City Scales.

Several years ago the COURIER opened up a brisk fight on the individual scale business and urged the city council to put in city scales. It did so, but instead of running them by the city, they appointed a weighmaster, put him under bonds, let him furnish his own scales, and take all the proceeds, thus virtually creating a monopoly in favor of one individual. As a result, the city weighmaster has been reaping a harvest of three thousand dollars a year from it. Our city has during the past year given herself some luxuries in the way of water works, gas works, hose and carts, houses to put them in, and various other thingsall of which cost money. While these things are good enough, it behooves us to look out for some business- like way of providing a revenue for their payment. Would it not then be wise for the council to buy a city scales, hire a weighmaster to run it at $50 per month, and convert the two or three thousand dollars profit into the city treasury? Let them remove every scale from every street and alley in the city and throw all the business onto the city scales. The city scales should pay the water tax and the shows and street peddlers the gas tax. A little financering and good management on the part of the city dads will accomplish it. Let's have the financering.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Mr. John G. Woods, Wellington's leading capitalist, was in the city last Saturday. It was rumored that he was looking over the railroad situation with a view of securing the Gould extension for Wellington instead of Winfield. The Wellington people are alive to their interests and stand ready to extend every aid to enterprises tending to develop their town and county. However, they might as well hang their harps on a willow, for Winfield proposes to have this road. It is too plain a question for our people to split hairs on, and when we do pull together, something has to come.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Cowley County hens are now getting in their work in a manner highly creditable and are showing themselves to be our most beneficial institutions. Saturday was an immense egg day in Winfield, and a big day in everything else as well. We went around to every store and got the number of dozen taken in by each, and the total for that day foots up over four thousand dozenabout two eggs for every inhabitant in the county. At 12½ cents per dozen, these eggs brought to our farmers five hundred dollars.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Grated horse radish has been quite a trade with a traveling vender who has goods five grains of which would almost take the top of your head off at 20 cents per pint. Recently a vender of the pungent root offered Will Wilson a quart for 30 cents and Will closed the bargain at once. After the peddler left, Mrs. Wilson ascertained that the hash was only grated turnips.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

One of the best workers in the County Temperance Convention last Friday and Saturday was Mr. N. J. Larkin, of Richland Township. In that township they have what is called the "Temperance Alliance," which holds monthly meetings, has a large membership, and is doing a grand work in keeping up a healthy sentiment in favor of prohibition.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Frank Millspaugh, of Ninnescah Township, lost five hogs last week from what was pronounced hog cholera. A carload of hogs was brought into that neighborhood some time ago, which have nearly all died with the disease. It is supposed that they brought it with them, and that these other cases have been transmitted by them.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Mr. C. W. Averill, of Cass County, Missouri, and Mr. S. H. Rogers, of Emporia, are in Winfield this week and called on the COURIER. Mr. Averill is looking up a location and has about concluded to invest in our city, while Mr. Rogers will soon build on his lots on east 10th Avenue and move here with his family.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Tom Richardson, the bristling young news gatherer of the Wellingtonian, spent last Saturday in Winfield and made us a pleasant call. Tom is one of the brightest young fellows in the Southwest and the local page of the Wellingtonian sparkles all over as the result of his ready faber.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

The oldest landmark in the city was moved off Main Street this week, the old Tony Boyle building, to give room for the new McDougall brick. It was the second or third building that went up in Winfield, and at that time was considered a very fine structure.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Tincher, of Chanute, returned to their home Monday morning after a week's visit with Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Hendricks. They are relatives of Mrs. Hendricks, who accompanied them to Chanute for a short visit.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Miller & Dawson keep the finest line of meats in the city. They handle only the very choicest beeves, and everything that goes from their market is first-class at no higher price than charged elsewhere for inferior meats.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

The Farmers' Bank Company have money to loan on long or short time, personal, chattel, or real estate security any way you want it, at as low rate of interest as any firm in Southern Kansas.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

McDonald, Jarvis & Co., are helping many of our farmers to pay off their mortgages drawing a high rate, and replacing them by 6 percent loans. This firm is giving borrowers the best show they have ever had in this county.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Miss Nora Roland came over from Cherryvale last Thursday and remained till Monday, the guest of Miss Leota Gary. Miss Roland's visits are always highly appreciated by our young folks.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Mr. R. M. Tomlin, who has been visiting during the past year in Winfield with his son, left Tuesday for Fort Collins, Colorado, to spend the summer with a son there.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Mr. Millspaugh brings us a lot of peach limbs taken from his orchard. They are full of live buds. The trees are budded fruit. Cowley will have an abundant peach crop for 1884.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Mrs. Smith and Miss Fisher will open Dress and Cloak making in rooms over Express Office, April 7th, where they will give attention to first-class work.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Hon J. W. Weimer came in from Yellowstone Park last week on a short visit. He has passed a pleasant winter although tolerably cold.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

The County Temperance Convention.

A Mass Temperance Convention, according to previous announcement, for the organization of the county for Temperance work, convened in the Baptist Church on last Friday at 11 o'clock, with a good representation from the different townships of the county. A temporary organization was effected with Rev. J. Cairns as chairman and Frank H. Greer secretary, and the following committees were appointed.

On permanent organization: Mrs. E. D. Garlick and Messrs. Capt. Stubblefield and N. J. Larkin.

On resolutions: Messrs. A. P. Johnson, D. C. Beach, and C. P. Graham.

On plan of work: Messrs. A. H. Limerick, R. O. Starnes [?Stearns?], J. Cairns, D. C. Beach, and C. P. Graham.

The Convention then adjourned to 2 o'clock p.m.

At the afternoon session, after the opening exercises, verbal reports from various sections of the county were presented, giving very favorable showings of the status of prohibition and the increased interest which has been manifested in the Temperance work throughout the county.

The committee on permanent organization reported, recommending a continuance of temporary officers, with the addition of J. W. Millspaugh, vice president, and A. P. Johnson, treasurer, which report was adopted.

The committee on resolutions presented their report, which was discussed and adopted.


After miscellaneous addresses, the convention adjourned to 8 o'clock, when a forcible lecture on the Temperance question was given by Dr. W. R. Kirkwood.

The second day's session began at 9 o'clock Saturday morning, when assigned topics were taken up. The first subject, "The duty of the Christian in relation to Temperance Work," was introduced by Rev. J. H. Snyder, followed by remarks from M. V. B. Bennett.

"Temperance Work in Schools," was taken up by Prof. A. H. Limerick and was followed with remarks from Prof. Collins and others, when the following resolution presented by Mr. R. M. Tomlin was heartily adopted.

Resolved, That this Convention recommends to the school boards of Cowley County the introduction into the schools thereof, "The Boys and Girls' Temperance Text Book," by H. L. Reade, price 20 cents per copy, or $15 per hundred, published by J. N. Searns, 58 Reade St., New York, and other suitable temperance literature."

The third topic, "Woman's Relation to the Temperance Reform," was discussed by Rev. C. P. Graham, when an adjournment to 2 o'clock at the Opera House, was had.

On convening the fifth session, the committee on plan of work reported the following, which was adopted.

We, your committee on "Plan of Work," after a brief conference, are of the opinion that nothing short of thorough and systematic organization can accomplish ends that are now essential to the furtherance of the Temperance movement, and in view of this, we would recommend the following plan.

1. That the county be divided into seven districts, as follows.

1st, or N. W. District: To include the townships of Maple, Rock, Richland, Ninnescah, and Fairview.

2nd, or N. E. District: To include the townships of Omnia, Harvey, Windsor, Silver Creek, and Sheridan.

3rd, or E. District: Dexter and Otter.

4th, or S. E. District: Spring Creek and Cedar.

5th, or S. W. District: Creswell, Bolton, and Silverdale.

6th, or W. District: Vernon, Walnut, Tisdale, and Liberty.

7th, or Central District: The City of Winfield.

2. That we organize this Convention in a permanent organization with a president, secretary, and treasurer, and a vice president in each district.

3. That the vice president of each district appoint one member in each township in his district to constitute district executive committee.

4. That president, secretary, and treasurer, together with vice president of each district, constitute an executive committee of county who shall have power to direct and control the work of County, and assign to each district such duties as may be necessary for the complete organization of county; the meetings of said committee to be held in the City of Winfield upon the call of the president and four members shall constitute a quorum.

The officers of the County Temperance Organization for the coming year were elected as follows.

President, Rev. J. Cairns.

Secretary, Frank H. Greer.

Treasurer, A. P. Johnson.

Corresponding Secretary, A. H. Limerick.

Vice presidents

First district, Rev. C. P. Graham.

Second district, Dr. Wilkins.

Third district, W. G. Seaver.

Fourth district, W. E. Ketcham.

Fifth district, S. B. Fleming.

Sixth district, J. W. Millspaugh.

Seventh district, S. S. Holloway.

Hon. M. V. B. Bennett, editor of the Kansas Prohibitionist, was then introduced and delivered an address. He also addressed a large audience in the Opera House Saturday night and in the Baptist Church Sunday night. Mr. Bennett is one of the most logical and eloquent speakers that has ever taken the rostrum in the interests of Temperance in Kansas, and his addresses were all highly appreciated. The convention was interesting throughout, and the thorough discussion of different topics relating to Temperance work was the means of creating new enthusiasm and formulating plans which will greatly increase the danger to violators of the prohibitory law.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.


What We Ship to Help Feed the Less Favored Ones.

Record for 1883.

Last year was a very prosperous one for Cowleymore so perhaps than any since 1878.

Then our railroad facilities stimulate agriculture, which raises the bulk of our productions. Mr. Green has compiled for his Real Estate paper from the books of the Southern Kansas and Santa Fe railroads at this place figures which show the amount of products shipped out in car lots as follows:

Car loads of wheat and corn: 888

Car loads of flour: 530

Car loads of cattle, hogs, and sheep: 264

Car loads of stone: 337

Car loads of brick: 70

Car loads of wool, hides, butter, eggs, hay, etc.: 433

Total number of cars: 2,524


These are the shipments from Winfield alone, and while this is the central and concentrating point, it must be remembered that the other towns of the county on these railroad lines, Burden, New Salem, Cambridge, Torrance, Udall, Seeley, and Arkansas City make shipments, which in the aggregate will greatly swell the total given above.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Father Kelly, late of Ellsworth, has been placed in charge of the Catholic Church here. He is a bright, energetic young man and zealous in the performance of the heavy duties of his charge. In addition to his work here he has charge of a large number of churches in surrounding counties.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

W. D. Myers and W. S. Patrick, of Pleasant Hill, Missouri, old acquaintances of A. D. Hendricks, visited Winfield last week with a view of locating in the mercantile business.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.


What the Winfield Roller Mills are Doing for Winfield and Cowley County.


Among the institutions which are doing much for the material interests of Winfield and Cowley County, the Roller Mill of Bliss & Wood is the most important. It deals exclusively in our most important product, a large part of which is here manufactured into flour and shipped thousands of miles directly to consumers. During the past year the mill has made every bushel of wheat raised in this county worth from five to ten cents more on the bushel than it would have been if depending solely on a shipping market. Aside from this it has employed a large number of persons who with their families, go toward swelling our population.

A year and a half ago the old mill of Bliss & Wood was burned. It carried but little insurance and its loss left the proprietors nearly bankrupt. But the importance of the institution to Winfield was recognized by the Winfield Bank, which at once lent its assistance in a financial way, and Messrs. Bliss & Wood commenced the erection of a new mill on the old site. Encouraged by the friendly feeling and assistance, and seeing in the future agricultural development of the county the fullest promise for such an institution, they concluded to make it first class in every respect and fixed the capacity at six hundred barrels. The building was accomplished under many difficulties and vexations, but it finally started up, since which time it has prospered, gone on extending its territory and improving the quality of its product, until today it controls the markets of Western Colorado, New Mexico, and a large part of Southern Kansas.

The mill is five stories high, built of magnesia limestone with sawed-stone front. It is located on the Walnut River and, in addition to a splendid water power, has a steam attachment of one hundred and twenty horsepower. The building was designed by Mr. Jos. S. Maus. It is a beautiful structure and complete in every way. Attached to the mill proper is the engine house, boiler, and coal rooms. About a hundred feet distant is the mill elevator, capacity 35,000 bushels, and furnished throughout with the most approved and complete cleaning machinery in the state.

It is the inner arrangement of the mill which makes it rank as the best institution of the kind in this or any other state. In fitting it up the question of expense was the last consideration. Every appliance known to the milling trade calculated to improve the quality and quantity of the product was included in the furnishings. The plans were drawn and furnished by W. F. Gunn, of Minneapolis, Minnesota, who is probably the best millwright in the United States. He also worked out what millers call "The System," or the intricate maze of elevators, conductors, etc., which take the wheat from the elevator, conduct it through all the break rolls, "scalpers," bolts, and purifiers, until it is finally turned out into a flour sack as "O. B.," "Superb," "Homo," or "Grit," the famous brands which have become household words all over Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona. The finished plans were turned over to Mr. Jos. S. Maus, and under whose charge every timber was framed and every piece of machinery placed and connected. This was by far the most important part of the work and the skill and mechanical ability displayed by Mr. Maus, verified by the successful working of the mill for nearly two years, shows him to be the "boss" mill-wright of the west.

The first floor, partly a basement, is a maze of gearing and shafting for transmitting the power to the machinery above. It also contains the "elevator boots" and conveyors. The second floor contains thirty-four pair of "Gray's Patent noiseless Rolls," the appliances which have so recently knocked the old-fashioned mill stones into the junk-shop. It also contains three flour and one bran packer. The third floor contains eight silk reels, five No. 2 Smith purifiers with approved dust-catchers, and five large bins for flour, bran, etc., which run up through the third story to the fifth. They are capable of storing three days' product of the mill. On the fourth floor is a second invoice of eight silk reels, and five No. 2 Smith purifiers with dust-catchers. On the fifth story is located all the elevator heads, five scalping reels, five No. 2 Martin Centrifical reels, one grading reel, and a machine for sweeping the little remaining flour off of the bran before it is turned over to the festive town cow. After seeing this machine our fears of foundering the cow on bran from this mill were speedily dissipated. We tried to follow a grain of wheat through all its intricate wandering before it came through as flour, but gave it up in despair. As far as we could learn it goes through about twenty miles of elevators, is mashed, pounded, scraped, hulled, dusted, and "scalped" a dozen times, then unmercifully sent back and compelled to go through the process again if Joe Maus has the least suspicion of its containing an atom of anything but pure, snow- white flour. In quality the product of the Winfield Roller Mill can never be surpassed. With a sack of "O. B." and ten grains of common sense, any woman can be supremely happy.

The amount of business done by this mill is simply astonishing. Its full capacity is six hundred barrels a day, to produce which it takes two thousand nine hundred bushels of wheat every twenty-four hours. The firm has kindly permitted us to copy from their books the following facts and figures relative to the business done last year.

Bushels of wheat used: 294,415.40.

Amount paid for same: $241,420.80.

Average price paid: 82 cents per bushel.

Mill product shipped to foreign points: 671 cars.

Mill product used by local consumers: 8,000 sacks.

Screenings sold: 28 cars.

The mill employs an average of thirty-two men and paid out for salaries during the year $19,846. The total mill business for the year was over a half a million dollars. The mill is in charge of Mr. Jos. S. Maus, as head miller. As he designed, erected, and set it to running, he understands running it to perfection. The figures of the Mill's business show that they consumed during the year more than half of the total wheat crop of the county. During the year to come they will use three quarters of the total product and pay Kansas City prices for it. Thus can every farmer and every businessman see the benefits of the institution. It is worth more to us than anything we have except our railroadsand if we didn't have them, we wouldn't have it. Messrs. Bliss & Wood have come out from under a heavy load. They risked all they had left in the world to build up this business and are entitled to the gratifying returns they are receiving on it.

That the men who handle this immense business know how to do it, is evidenced by the systematic working of the business departments. C. A. Bliss, the head of the firm, is one of our keenest, shrewdest businessmen. He exercises a general supervision over the affairs of the mill, in all its details. Mr. B. F. Wood, the junior member, handles the grain buying. He has had twelve years' experience with grain and is perhaps the best judge of wheat in the west. He knows at "first sight" just what a lot of wheat will do in milling. To his judgment and care in the selection of stock, much of the success of the business is due. No mill can make good flour from unsuitable wheat, and Mr. Wood never allows a bushel to go into his elevator until he is satisfied that it will show the right kind of a product. The commercial business is in the hands of Mr. E. S. Bliss. His headquarters are "in the field," and his energy has placed the firm's product in every hamlet on the Santa Fe railroad from Emporia to Old Mexico. He has built up a most valuable market, the demands of which are only limited by the production of the mill. Messrs. Bliss & Wood assure us that their substantial aid and encouragement in rebuilding their mill, all came from the Winfield Bank.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Wishing to extend to our farmers and others the very best facilities for the improvement of their stock, we have purchased five imported Norman Horses, from the celebrated Perche district in France. These are all recorded in the Percheron stud book of America and France, and we have properly certified and authenticated copies of same to which we invite the inspection of all breeders who wish to improve their stock.

One of our colts, Valmond, was sired by Brilliant, one of the best horses ever brought to this country and now at the head of Dunham's stables. We invite special attention to his pedigree. We have also three grades out of imported St. Louis dams and Kentucky mares. It is admitted the world over that this matchless breed excel all others in strength, style, and action. They are intelligent, docile, broad between the eyes, easily broken, thin skinned, and stand the hot weather the best of any breed. It is claimed by breeders that they have the best feet of any horse in Americabetter than the Clydesdaleshaving a high cup foot, while the latter are flat footed, and are deficient in many other particulars.

We quote from the history of the Percheron Race:

"That cool, restrained, and ever fresh energy, that courageous patience, of which the Percheron, every day, gives an example, dragging, at a trot, heavy loads, the weight of which frightens the imagination; stopping short in both ascending and descending; starting off freely and always without balking; never refusing his food; fearing neither heat nor cold. He possesses superior strength, speed, docility, temper, and a complete absence of irritability. Hence it is that all our Provinces, envy us the possession of the race, and even foreign countries seek after it with an eagerness amounting to a passion."

These horses crossed even with our Indian mares make a most valuable and salable animal. Bred to a mare of reasonable size, their offspring are the most valuable of any in the market. These Norman horses are for sale on one, two, and three years timegiving the purchaser an opportunity to earn more than the cost of the horse with his service before payment is required. These horses are in charge of Mr. S. Eslinger's stable opposite Courthouse. We give written guarantees of the pedigrees of this stock and warrant all our representations in reference to them when sales are made.



Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

What the Rev. Cairns has to say in regard to Cole's Wahoo Bitters: "Winfield, Kansas, March 21st, 1884. Ed. Coledear sir: For many years I have had a deep seated prejudice against most all liquid tonic bitters, as only another form of indulging in intemperance, but having been induced to try your Wahoo Bitters in my family, for biliousness and as a blood purifier, we have so far found it all you recommend it to be. Yours truly, J. CAIRNS."


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Prof. C. Marsh, who instructed our pretty songsters and brought out last week in the Opera House the Cantata of the four seasons, gives his observations of Winfield to his home paper, the Lyons (New York) Republican, in the following interesting letter. The Professor is an old newspaper man and shows up the "Queen City" meritably.

I came here two weeks ago. Winfield is about fifty miles east of the center of the state in Cowley county, and about 250 miles from Kansas City. It is a beautiful town with fine wide streets, and contains 4,500 people. There are fine graded schools on the union plan, which contain about 1,200 pupils. The principal, Prof. Gridley, is a live Yankee, born at Westfield, Massachusetts, and it is safe to say that he is both a "gentleman and a scholar." The village has ten churches, namely; Presbyterian, Baptist, Methodist, Episcopal, Christian, United Brethren, Swedenborgian, Catholic, and two colored churches, Baptist and Methodist. The village also has, as defense against fire, the Holley system of water works, the reservoir being built on a hill standing just outside the corporation limits, about 100 feet above the level of the village. It will, of course, throw water over the highest building here. A gas company has been formed and chartered, and the gas works will be put in early in the coming spring. So you see this town, like John Brown's soul, is "marching on."

There is a large grist mill, and also a flouring mill. They are considered the finest mills in the state. They are of sawed stone and run by water. The flouring mill, with thirty four sets of rollers, has a capacity of 500 barrels per day. Winfield has also the largest carriage factory in the state; and another has just been started which will turn out carriages of all kinds, and also make a speciality of lumber wagons.

This town has the benefit of two railroads, the Kansas City, Lawrence & Southern Kansas, and the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, which afford a most ample means for transportation.

One industry peculiar to this place is worthy of special notice. I refer to the limitless quarries of stone, which in quality excels anything found in the state. It is of a light and sometimes dark gray color, and when first quarried is sawed into blocks of any desired size by steam saw-mills erected for the purpose. After exposure to the air, it becomes "as hard as a rock." When the new post office was built at Topeka, the United States Government sent for samples of stone from all the various quarries in the states west of the Mississippi, and selected the samples sent from Winfield. Consequently, the Government buildings at Topeka were built of this stone. It is known through this country as magnesia lime stone, and forms the most perfect building material. This town is largely built of it, and the sidewalks are simply immensethere being twenty-six miles of them in town.

There are two newspapers published here, the COURIER and Telegram. They are weeklies. No daily has yet been started, but the time for one to be started successfully is not far in the future. The COURIER has a circulation of over three thousand, and the Telegram, though a much younger paper, is fast working its way up among the high figures. They are both live papers; and indeed, a dead paper could not live at ll in this county. Messrs. Millington and Greer are editors and proprietors of the COURIER, and C. C. Black and G. C. Rembaugh editors of the Telegram.

I will here give a list of the industries of the town. There are five dry goods stores, nine groceries, three millinery stores, four drug stores, three music stores, two jewelry establishments, no saloons, four barbers, seven hotels, two exclusive clothing stores, one opera house (and another to be erected the coming season), three boot and shoe stores, three hardware stores, four agricultural implement depots, one seed store, four blacksmith and two wagon shops, ten livery stables, five lumber yards. J. P. Baden drives a large business in the way of shipping butter, eggs, poultry, and in fact all kinds of country produce to all parts of the country. One day last week he shipped thirty-six thousand dozen eggs, in one consignment to New York City. This was one item. He ships butter by the car load, and other produce accordingly.

As for the soil in this section, it is admirably adapted to agriculture and stock growing. It lies in long rolls, level prairies, and occasional hills. Mounds are frequently seen. The stock trade is immense. Cattle kings are plentysome living here being among the heaviest. Hewins & Titus buy and sell by the hundred thousand, and their wealth is enormousand unknown. Sheep business is also heavy. Over 126,000 were wintered in this county last winter. Land can be obtained for from $1,000 to $8,000 per quarter-section, according to location and improvements. The town is filled with strangers from every quarter, looking for and finding homes. All are active, intelligent appearing men, and when they come they are met with a welcome. This section of country is fast filling up, and like the eastern portion, with a class of people who will prove good, moral, and substantial citizens.

I have been here now about three weeks, and am so well pleased with the town that I can hardly make up my mind to leave it. "But all things have an end," and I suppose my stay here will terminate in perhaps two or three weeks more. It is a beautiful country, and a desirable one to live in, I mean for live people. As for sluggards and thriftless, good-for-nothings, they are better off in the old states where they are than they would be here. But for every industrious, energetic man or woman there is something to do. I intend to visit Wichita, Newton, Harper, Wellington, and some other live towns before leaving this section, and will tell you about them. Meanwhile adieu.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

New Salem Pencilings.

"I'm seated now, dear friends, to write

The news to you; what shall it be?

To write in a sad pathetic strain

Would suit you not; to give you pain

Far from my thoughts must ever be.

To write you gay or even witty

About New Salem called the `City';

Or tell about the neighbors all

Is something I can't do at all."

Mr. Lucas and family are off on a visit. Hope they may have an excellent time.

Miss May Dalgarn is a county "School marm" at present. Hope success may always attend her.

Farmers are very busy plowing, sowing oats, planting potatoes, and a little work of every kind seems on the program.

Mr. J. W. Hoyland took a trip to Geuda Springs on business. Everything rushing down thee, buildings going up, etc.

Mr. Grimes senior has moved to Grenola. Wonder if he is going to institute a Lodge up there. He bought a goat and took it with him fort some purpose.

BIRTH. Mr. and Mrs. Wesley McEwen are proud of their first born, a bouncing boy of eleven pounds. May be they can have an extra part in music for their home now.

Mr. Archer, also Dalgarn, entertained the millet threshers this week and Mr. Dalgarn had the worst of the bargain for the machine broke and the job was a protracted one.

BIRTHS. Into the home of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Walker two nice little baby boys have come. May they grow to be good useful men, and always be twins in good works and words.

Mr. Charles Killgore, of Harper, a friend of the Hoylands, made them a short but pleasant visit a short time ago. It does one good to see faces that bring fond remembrance of happy days gone by. Come again, Charley.

I did not attend the supper at the Hall, given by the United Workman, and cannot even hear what kind of a time they had, but presume a very good time, and Salem always has lots of good things to eat when supper is announced. There enough there to almost fill the Hall, so I was better off at home.

Messrs. Edgar and Starr are home for a short time from their claims. Mr. Edgar found an old time friend from Tennessee boarding at Mr. Watsonburgers and awaiting his return. Fully thirty people from Tennessee arrived in Salem this week. I don't know where they stay will they procure homes. One man has bought Mr. Reid's house, and Mr. R_____ will put up a new one. The other Mr. Reid, we hear, also intends building in Salem. Another party has bought the Whetstone property. One family of the Whetstones have moved away.

My budget is empty. OLIVIA.

Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.

Grand Prairie Items.

Mr. Geo. F. Broughton sold 2 hogs at Mulvane the 2nd, weighing 985 pounds.

Mr. Joseph Boden has bought a new horse and is preparing for spring work.

Spring has come at last. The little frogs are making music along the creek this evening.

Mr. Reddish is contemplating renting his farm to a Mr. McDonell of Iowa and moving to Derby.

I was in Mulvane and saw three large stallions. They stand at G. T. More's stable and are owned by the Chandler Bros.

The farmers are all busy up here. They are all going to the sand bank to scratch the rust off their plows, but when I get to be a man, I will have a shed to save that trouble. Farmers, build a shed for your plows.

Mr. George Coffman is in Augusta. He was called there to attend his sick brother, Mr. Sam Coffman, who is not expected to live.

We have some good farmers in our part of Cowleythe Tim boys, for instance. They are young men. They raised a large crop last year and are preparing their ground to plant corn. They have most of their stocks out and are going to plant about 90 acres this spring.

Mr. McGee of Mulvane has sold his house and lot for $600 and come out and bought an 80 acre farm west of Mr. Bodon for which he paid $800. He has the frame of his house raised. We also have another new house in the country. Mr. Willis has also built him a house.


Winfield Courier, April 3, 1884.



Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

A heavy gale prevailed at Wellington, March 27, upsetting small buildings, tearing down awnings, and frightening the timid. Wooden sidewalks were caught up and carried across the streets. No serious damage to property or life.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

During the high wind in Reno County March 27, a terrible prairie fire broke out in Castleton Township, which burned over a scope of ten miles in length. Everything in its path was destroyed, including houses, barns, stock, grain, hay, etc., one man losing six hundred tons of hay and two hundred head of sheep. The loss will exceed $15,000.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.


Wind blowing furiously.

Grass is beginning to show on the early burning.

Mr. Parvin is driving the posts preparatory to fencing his beautiful farm.

Mrs. John Shrieves is at home again after a ten days' visit among friends in Winfield.

Mr. Quincy Robertson, who has been teaching in 98, is again at his post after a few days vacation and rest.

Mr. F. Myers, who accidentally fell and seriously injured himself internally some three weeks since, is daily improving.

The Phillips Bros. have been very unfortunate the past winter with their cattle, and as they are dealing in fine blooded cattle, their losses have been very heavy, leaving them almost nothing to start with again.

Real estate is changing hands very rapidly in this part of the county, and every day brings more immigrants and land buyers, looking for houses. Truly Cowley will be a grand county in the near future.

We would naturally infer from the state of things on last Thursday that the weather clerk was either taking a holiday or was off duty from the way the wind rolled small buildings around in this vicinity. No one injured so far as your quill driver from here could ascertain.

As was mentioned in my last letter, the ladies of district 98 gave an entertainment some few weeks since for the purpose of raising money to purchase an organ for the Sunday school and were very successful, but not successful enough to raise the required amount for purchasing their organ; but nothing daunted, they have concluded to give another entertainment consisting of a Sciopticon or magic lantern show. They have fixed the date on Friday evening, the 11th of April. The entertainment will be both instructive and amusing, and it is hoped that a large audience will be in attendance. The admittance will be 25 cents for adults and 15 cents for children under 12 years of age. Turn out one and all and give the good cause a lift. FLO.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.


Dan Weaverling has the measles.

Mr. Bigbee has moved out of town.

Dave Wyant has moved to Grenola.

Zed Craft has the erysipelas on his face.

Mrs. M. B. Rowe has gone to Missouri on a visit.

S. B. Sherman is able to be seen on our streets again.

Miss Bell Winters is visiting friends near Winfield.

Miss Becca Weaverling will visit Kansas City next week.

Mr. Winters has been to Arkansas City for a few days past.

Dr. Pleasant made a flying trip to Independence yesterday.

Lawyer Asp, of Winfield, was in town Monday on business.

Mr. Weaverling will open out his new grocery store next week.

Mr. Freeborn is improving under the treatment of Dr. Pleasant.

A car load of Missourians arrived here yesterday. Still they come.

Ed. Ridgeway and Wm. Hewson started last week en route for Washington Territory.

Cambridge is on the boom. The sound of the busy hammer is heard from morning till night.

Capt. M. B. Rowe is preparing to move on his cattle ranch on Otter Creek, but will not move his cattle until grass comes.

Mr. Hopping and family (of the ranche, Miller & Hopping) will leave here in a few days for Indianapolis, where they expect to reside in the future.

Mr. Jonas Leedy has just finished a nice picket fence around his property, adding very much to the looks. Let others in Cambridge do the same.

Sam Greenlief, proprietor of the livery stable here, lost a good saddle horse a few nights ago. A young man rode him to a spelling a few miles away and when he went to come home, his horse was dead.

The farmers in this part of the country are very busysome plowing, some breaking stalks, and others planting. If there is any truth in the old saying, "The early bird catches the worm," I fear some will be left. CLYDE.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.


Had a young cyclone on Thursday.

Will be some corn planted next week.

Mrs. Myles has sold her fat cattle to J. H. Carney.

Mr. Phelps' son-in-law has moved into Lahre Guthrie's house.

Are anxious to see the R. R. surveyors clambering over the Flint Hills.

R. R. Turner and J. J. Wilson have sold their fat steers at 5-1/4 cents to Carney.

Bacon is being tried this week at Sedan for the killing of Tompkins last August.

There was to be a Union Sabbath school organized at No. 63 on Sunday the 30th of March.

Miss Robbins, of Winfield, is teaching the summer term of school at the Cedar Creek schoolhouse.

Our trustee is on the roundup trying to ascertain the amount of worldly goods each individual possesses.

The young bloods of Upper Creek had better let the dancing job out till after corn is planted and then have one grand old hop.

Daniel Ramey's last heir is very poorlyso says gossip. He (Ramey) has traded off his harnessed bovines and has been seen to weep since, because of his great loss.

James Utt Senior is cogitating in his mind which would be the better thing, the Presidency or fireman on a three foot engine that could run "all the way" to Winfield and return in one whole day. Someone help him before there is trouble, please. OTTERITE.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.


Rev. Graham is attending Presbytery at Arkansas City.

Mr. S. A. Chapell has a stock sale today, Saturday the 5th.

Mrs. Jackson is quite sick, was improving slowly at last account.

Mrs. Causey has over one hundred little chickens and more coming.

Mr. L. Downs has gone home to visit his parents and Hutchinson friends.

Mr. Earnest Johnson shelled corn for Mr. J. W. Hoyland and Son this week.

Miss Davenport is back to Salem in the capacity of intermediate teacher, and the little Salemites are happy.

Mr. Shields has returned from his trip to Barbour, or Harper. Sold his mules for three hundred dollars.

Wheat is looking well in this vicinity at present and corn planting and gardening are the order of the day.

Messrs. Edgar and Starr will start back to their claims next week, after a pleasant visit with family and friends.

Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Hoyland are victims of the rheumatism at present, but health in this vicinity excepting chronic cases is remarkably good.

Miss Mary Randall will again instruct the rising generation of the East Salem schoolhouse. We bid both the "school mams" a hearty welcome.

To Mr. and Mrs. S. A. Chapell, I send regrets that my brother and myself were not able to attend their nice little tea on account of corn planting. Am indeed sorry.

Mr. Seig and Mr. Thompson, of the Arkansas Valley, were the guests of the Dalgarn family this week, and Miss Etna Dalgarn went home with them to spend a few happy days with old associates. The Salemites don't intend to let those river gents take their good girls off for good; but perhaps they will trade. Who knows.

Mr. Orrin is putting up a fine house in Salem. We understand that it is to be the "Hotel De Orrin" of Salem and as it looks commodious and imposing, we presume he will make it useful as well as really ornamental to the little burg. Salem needs good houses, and intends from the looks of things now to have them, as Mr. Read is putting up a fine building.

Mr. J. J. Johnson has been quite ill and at present writing is not improving very fast. He was not feeling well and someone thought they could set the world on fire, and put out fire on one of the windiest days we have had this season. Mr. J. J. Johnson and many others worked so hard to save house, barns, hays, etc., and the consequences to the Hon. J. J. is quite a sick spell. Dr. Downs is attending him. The fire burned about a thousand bushels of corn for Mr. Stevens, a calf, a pig, and numerous other things, His corn happened to be insured. Others had losses, but I forget the names. The men of Salem had to work hard to keep the fire from sweeping through the little town and leaving it in ruins. That other old paddy that put out fire on Tuesday, the 3rd, had better been saying his prayers in place of never going near to help put it out, and then denying it. Mr. Joe. Hoyland and some of his good neighbors worked so hard to save Joe's house, etc., and the damage to the land he intends to break is considerable. We think some people would learn a little sense about putting out fire if the law would scorch them a few times. OLIVIA.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.


An Old Winfieldite Describes the Festive Chinaman of the Pacific Slope.

As the Chinaman is the most prominent object of interest to the traveler of the Pacific Coast and thinking that a few words in regard to him will be interesting to the readers of the COURIER, I will devote a part of this letter to this peasant of the west.

As you travel west on any railroad and approach the western declivity of the Rockies, you pass numerous companies of Chinese section hands at work repairing the road bed. That dark, almond eyed, small sized man standing out there on the bank looking like a statue of bronze covered with the sand and dust of the desert may be taken as a model of the whole. The same wooden basket hat and pig tail you will find on every other. What appears to be the shirt worn outside of the pants serves as an outer garment to each, and one accustomed to seeing them cannot distinguish one Chinaman from another.

These gangs of laborers of from six to twelve men each are but the advance wave of that multitude that for years has been flowing into our country from the overcrowded land of China.

As you near the coast, the number of Chinamen increase. They meet you at every sation, some get on and some off the trains. They almost always travel in the second class cars, generally carry sacks of nankeen and bundles done up in the same. Universally detested the Chinaman is nevertheless almost a necessity.

In San Francisco they are numerous on the streets and are constantly subjected to the abuse of the hoodlum. Standing on the hotel steps, I observed across the street a party of these hoodlums who amused themselves by reviling and abusing the passing Chinamen. Mud and pebbles were thrown at them. They were spit upon, yet but few turned to notice their tormentors and those that did gained nothing by so doing but an extra amount of abuse, mud, and spittle. It is impossible for eastern people to understand the bitter enmity exercised here toward the Chinaman. Everywhere he is held in contempt and I know one family that refuses to attend church because a class of the Sunday School has organized a society to assist the Mission in China.

The United States is not alone in this hatred for the Chinese laborer. British Columbia has taken more severe measures in regard to their immigration.

Though the Chinaman lives with us, he is not one of us, but is as much a Chinaman the same as he was before he set foot in America and his only aim is to gain money and return to China to spend the rest of his life and almost every vessel departing from San Francisco to the ports of China carry returning Chinamen with their American gained wealth.

Some ceremonies of the Flowery Kingdom are observed by Chinese in their voluntary exile, notably their celebration of New Year. Unlike our New Year, this is not a fixed date, but varies. This year it was the 26th of January, and at 12 o'clock A. M., its advent was heralded by the Chinese population of Colfax by the explosion of fire crackers all along the line. The New Year proper commences at 4 o'clock P. M., on the day preceding, but public notice was not given until midnight. The morning and evening was spent in giving and receiving presents and in drinking and eating, some of the eatables being delicacies brought from China.

When the Chinamen meet for the first time after the incoming year, each locks his hands in front of him and exclaims "Quong he fas toi." "I wish you a happy New Year and may you have plenty of riches." It is a day upon which all Chinamen are equal. The rich and poor, the high and low, mingle together and are recognized as brothers. All give and receive presents, not costly, but valued more for the sentiment than for their intrinsic value.

The New Year, called by the Chinese "Quon Eu," is said to have been originated by Fook Hee, the first King, and 5,127 years have now elapsed since its inauguration. The celebration lasts 7 days. The first day is called Guy (chicken); the second Gow (duck); third Gee (hog); fourth Youg (lamb); fifth Glee (green); sixth Maa (horse); and the seventh Geeing (man). These names according to their traditions were given in the first year of creation, before waters deluged the earth. During these seven days it is the duty of every devout Chinaman to feast on ducks and chickens and to partake freely of gin and tea. They are always quiet and orderly and enjoy themselves without interfering with others.

So great is the antipathy for the Chinaman that at a meeting of the miners of the new mining camp it was unanimously agreed to hang the first Chinaman that came into camp. This new gold find is the principle excitement. Hundreds have braved every hardship and exposure in going into the mines during the winter and now that the snow is melting, many are going to hunt for gold. There is no doubt about the gold, yet not enough prospecting has been done to justify the present excitement. No doubt some money will be made, but from the present state of affairs it would seem that dealers in provisions and whiskey will make the most money.

Flour is $60 per bbl., bacon 40 cents, sugar 50 cents, beans 40 cents, coffee 60 cents, and dried apples 40 cents per pound. Wages are $5 per day, and board from $14 to $18 per week. A milch cow was driven in a few weeks ago and sold for $192. Very conflicting reports are sent out from these mines and it will be some time before the truth will be known. ELMIRT.

[At least it looks like "Elmirt."]


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

The report of New Canton school District 91, for the term commencing November 19, 1883, and ending March 7, 1884. Number of pupils enrolled, 34; with a daily average of 15. The general average of the A Grade for the last examination 98 1/2. Charles Daughterty 95, Samuel Gilson 95, Willie Jacobus 93, McPherson Daniels 95, Frank Brandow 90.

B grade, general average 93-27, Susie Walck 90, Annie Gilson 98, John Gilson 88, Ralph Smyth 95, Alvah Jacobus 95, Bertie Rader 92, Laura Brandow 95.

C grade, general average 98, Charley Tice 98, Grace Jacobus 98, Orlando Smyth 97 1/2, Mable Brandow 98, Malissa Morse 98 1/2.

Names of those whose deportment was 100, for the term: Samuel Gibson, Willie Jacobus, Charles Daugherty, Leon Jacobus, McPherson Daniels, Frank Brandow, Susie Walck, Annie Gibson, Laura Brandow, Mable Brandow, Grace Jacobus, and Malissa Morse. Lou Norman was neither tardy nor imperfect during the whole term.

We closed school with a general examination, in which all acquitted themselves well, thereby proving that their time had been well improved.

We spent a part of the last day in spelling; an exercise in which the pupils took a great interest, and which they preferred to the "Mary had a little lamb" exercises. Mr. Samuel Gibson "spelled the school down," after which we repaired to our homes well satisfied with our winters work. MATTIE DANIELS, Teacher.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Assessor Wells has an article in the Dexter Eye, in which he represents that the COURIER articles on the assessments were merely advocating assessments at value in order that the total mount for the county should be raised so as to enable the country to vote more bonds. Mr. Wells should have read the COURIER articles before he undertook to criticize them. If he should read them now he would know that he had grossly misrepresented them. Though the COURIER demands a law which will enforce equally all over the state, the present law requiring assessments to be made at actual value, yet until this is done, it has not advocated such assessments in this county. Those articles did not demand a higher aggregate of assessed values for this county, but they did demand that all property be assessed at the same proportioned values. The whole and only aim of those articles was to denounce the injustice and outrage of assessing some property at its full value, some at half, and some at one third of its value, while other property was assessed all the way down to less than one tenth of its value. The COURIER demands that all property should be assessed at one tenth of its value if any is; all at value if any is; all at half value if any is. It suggested one-third value as probably the average rate and rather favored that basis, but only insisted that all property should be assessed on one and the same basis, on the same fraction of its real value whatever that fraction may be.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.


"Sam Gilbert, of Winfield, is the lightning counter of the civilized world. By some mysterious and subtle power he has gained an insight into the weary and far distant future that is hidden from the ordinary common mortal. During a visit to that retired burg last Saturday, he kindly informed us that two hundred buildings were in the course of erection within the corporate limits of the city. Of course, we were guileless and innocent enough to take it all in, and then start out to see how the place would look in its wild and reckless boom in the building line. How we were deceived will not appear in print, for it is not pleasant for even a local editor to show up just how big a chump he can make of himself. But gentle readers, we walked and we walked and we rested awhile, and we walked again, up one street and down another, our long hungry frame might have been seen, with staring eyes protruding, on the look out for new buildings, but they were not for us to see. It seems that the county seat of Cowley always hides her new buildings when a resident of Sumner's capital goes there on a visit. Boys, it ain't fair; if you have anything new, please show it up when we see you again. However, we admire success in any line and Sam Gilbert receives considerable of our admiration for he is perfect in his." Local in the Wellingtonian.

The local of the Wellingtonian, the two first letters of whose name are Tom Richardson, was in Winfield a week ago last Saturday and saw Sam Gilbert. The only wonder about it was that he remembered the name of Sam Gilbert, for he forgot everything else he saw. The way he happened here was that he had been to Harper and Harper drinks had a bad effect on him. Probably he took away with him a liberal supply, for his side pocket had a very prominent look. He undertook to return to Wellington, but did not know when he got there and finally tumbled off at Winfield. All the walking and walking and walking again, which he did, was probably between the police judge's office and the jail, which is not a very great distance, and he was tired, so it seemed to him a great deal of walking. Yet, near sighed as he was, he might have seen eight new buildings in that short distance. We suppose the marshal paid him too much attention, and he got disgusted with Winfield. Sam Gilbert did not tell him the whole truth. There are more than two hundred buildings in processes of erection in this city.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.


Our Political Creed.

There is crying need of many reforms both in our state and national legislation. These are:

1st. Either the entire abolition of the jury system or a radical re-construction so that none but intelligent, honest, patriotic men can be allowed to sit as jurymen. The present jury system has outlived its usefulness, is behind the age, and its only use is to enable guilty persons to escape conviction by the ignorance, vice, or corruption of jurymen making acquittals or hung juries. Under it the man who reads and is posted in the news of the day is ruled off because he has formed and expressed opinions and he who reads nothing and knows nothing of what is going on, or will swear to that effect, is a competent juryman. It is a well known fact that the ignorant man forms opinions on slight evidence and prejudice, and when he has formed an opinion, it is almost impossible to change it by any amount of evidence to the contrary; even when he does not know he has formed an opinion, or if he does know it, will swear that he has not. On the contrary the man who reads all the news, thinks and reflects; knows when he has formed opinions and knows, too, that those opinions are formed on doubtful information, which is often placed in a new light by subsequent information. He therefore holds these opinions lightly and yields them readily on the presentation of evidence. He is always safe if he is honest.

If the jury system is to be continued, it must be changed so that two thirds of the jury can render a valid verdict; so that no ignorant or vicious men can sit as juryman; so that the formation and expression of an opinion on the merits of the case is no ground for exclusion; and so that the accused shall not have a second jury trial in another court after one jury has pronounced him guilty.

2nd. The grand jury system has not outlived its usefulness and should not be left to the tender footed discretion of county commissioners, but should be made obligatory in each organized county at least once a year and in populous counties, twice a year.

The only arguments against a grand jury are simply those used by law breakers; such as, "inquisition," "personal liberty," etc. Keepers of gambling houses, saloons, and other places where laws are violated as a business and other violators of law are the only persons who are troubled about personal liberty and inquisitions. No honest, law abiding person is worried about the annoyance or violation of his liberties by grand juries, but the fear of this inquisition would prevent the commission of an immense amount of crimes and misdemeanors.

3rd. The pardoning power and discretion of the governor should be very much restricted. Hundred of criminals of all grades are yearly turned loose and go immediately to preying upon society again in the old way, simply because the offenders have friends, who with petitions, influence, specious arguments, and false statements, so work upon the mind of a tender hearted governor that he issues pardons by the wholesale. No pardon should ever be granted without a trial in court in which the prosecuting attorney should appear against the prisoner with such evidence and arguments as he can command bearing against the pardon.

The law should fix the penalty for crime within such reasonable bounds that the least practicable amount of discretion should be left to the judge in passing the sentence, which should be fully executed with no hope of pardon except in very extraordinary cases.

If it is the policy of the state that there shall be no capital punishment, let the law say so and not skulk in a cowardly manner behind the executive, as is the case in Kansas. The law punishes certain crimes with death but defeats itself by leaving it to the governor to issue the death warrant at his discretion, and no governor will over exercise that discretion. Whatever the intentions of the law, let it be clearly stated, and let it provide for its own execution.

4th. The law requires the valuation of all property for taxation at actual value and is a just law, yet it has become the custom for each assessor or member of a board of equalization, to make a law to suit himself and the consequence is that property is assessed all the way from actual value down to less than one tenth of actual value, thus inflicting the grossest injustice by enabling large amounts of property to escape taxation altogether and taxing some ten times as much as others on same actual values.

A law must be enacted severely punishing assessors and members of boards of equalization for neglect of duty under the law, and for knowingly making assessment returns containing valuations different from the actual value of the property, and providing that when such valuations are frequent in an assessment roll, it shall be sufficient evidence of the guilt of the assessor.

5th. Another gross injustice should be remedied. A county or township issues bonds to aid in the construction of a railroad and the property owners in each and every part of that county or township are taxed to pay the interest and principal of these bonds. The railroad also is taxed for all purposes but only the school districts through which the road actually passes get any benefit of the school taxes including the schoolhouse building tax. If county bonds are issued only those townships through which the road actually runs can be benefited by township taxes on railroad property. In the nature of the case the townships and school districts through which the road passes gain the chief benefit of the road in the nearness to the accommodations of the road, in the acquisition of new property other than the road which the building of the road brings, and in the enhanced value of property caused by the road, but so far as taxation of the railroad is concerned, all who are taxed on account of the road should be and can be equally benefitted by the taxes paid by the railroad.

A law should be immediately enacted taxing railroads for school purposes and township purposes at the average rates of all the school districts and townships which contribute to the bond tax and distribute these taxes pro rata to all the districts and townships. Even if all such taxes were applied to the payment of interest and to the creation of a sinking fund for the bonds until both interest and principal were fully paid or provided for, it would be much nearer justice than at present but would fall far short of complete justice.

It is claimed that such a law would be unconstitutional. We do not believe it. If it is unconstitutional to be just, it is time that the constitution was amended so as to make it a just constitution and such amendment should be submitted by the next legislature.

6th. The railroad and other corporations discriminate in favor of home persons, cities, and points, and against many others. They also charge extortionate rates which enable them to declare large dividends on stocks which are nine tenths water. The law of last session has failed thus far to remedy these evils.

The commissioners have collected a great amount of information and have moved in the right direction, but have been balked in one way and another and but little has been accomplished. It now appears that there is but one way to effect this reform and that is by a law fixing a scale of maximum rates for each railroad. The success of the struggle of the Santa Fe against the decision of the commissioners shows that nothing short of maximum rate legislation will do the business.

7th. It is likewise necessary that congress should enter into this reformation by enacting a law to regulate interstate commerce, something like the Reagan bill, but more complete and radical. It is the people who pay in fares and freights for building the roads and running them, and it is the people who are entitled to the profits of the roads, fairly and justly distributed, by reducing the scales of fares and freights to such figures as without discrimination, will pay running expenses, keep the roads in repair, and pay a fair interest on the actual cost of the road.

8th. The telegraph service is in the hands of a conscienceless monopoly which charges three to ten times as much for the general services as it costs, and maintains its monopoly by free message tickets issued at wholesale and by an unblushing system of bribery, thus unjustly taxing the people more than ten million dollars a year. It is as though the whole postal system was put into the hands of a monopoly, which should charge ten cents to a dollar each for the transmission of half ounce letters.

Congress should enact a law at once making as complete control of the telegraph business as it does of the postal business, and the telephone business should be included.

9th. Our patent laws need radical reformation. Some person discovers an improvement in some machinery and adopts it for his own use but does not think it worthwhile to apply for a patent. Others see it work and adopt it in their own business. Finally some sharper sees it and goes to work getting up a model disguising the principal feature as much as he can by other novelties and applies for and obtains a patent. The first thing the real discoverer knows, he finds himself in trouble for infringing on the sharper's patent. He and all those who were using the improvement before it was patented, pay the blackmail money to keep out of trouble and a lawsuit. Some great corporate monopoly buys the patent of the sharper and goes into business. It proves to be a big thing and the monopoly makes other and untold millions out of the people, not a cent of which is founded on right or justice. There are many ways in which the patent laws work unjustly not for the benefit of the inventors, but for the benefit of speculators and monopolists.

The necessary remedy is, the limitation by law of the time a patent can run, to not exceeding seven years and then no extensions should be granted. If a discovery or invention will not give the inventor a grand and ample reward for his skill and study in seven years, it is not worth patenting, and if it will, that should be sufficient; and after seven years, the public should have the benefit of it without having to pay ten times as much for it as it costs.

10th. It is unjust to allow persons and corporations to monopolize large quantities of land for speculation or any other purposes. All public lands should be sacredly reserved for settlers who want only comparatively small tracts and who will improve and use them.

Laws should be enacted enabling settlers to obtain in tracts not exceeding 160 acres any lands not improved and in use, by getting such land appraised and tendering to the owner, whoever he is, the appraised value or by depositing the money to his use with some designated depository.

11th. All granted lands not earned in time by the terms of the grant should be at once declared forfeit and opened to settlement, and no further grants be made to any person or corporation.

All these reforms and many more are demanded by justice and right, and must be made or there will be trouble and anarchy sooner or later. The American people are patient and long suffering, but sometimes they get around by injustice to be unjust and rebellious, as witness the Cincinnati mob. Of course, the people need educating, but these reforms will educate. They are not taking their education so much from schemers and politicians as formerly and their eyes are getting open to all those species of injustice and wrong, so that no sophistry is going to satisfy them.

Above all things we are for just laws. We have no veneration for antiquated things unless they are just. We believe in the people, and that the people should rule in the interests of the people.

Now we have no hope for any of these reforms except through the Republican party. It is true that many Republicans are conservative and that a majority of the people are conservative and afraid of a change. All the reforms which have been accomplished since the existence of the Republican party have been through its instrumentality. It has first made Kansas a free state and prevented the extension of the area of slavery, then it has prevented a dissolution of the union, emancipated a race, given it civil rights and suffrage, built up manufactories, made home markets and prices for the products of the farm, raised the prices of labor and given it the comforts of the better classes in Europe; given the country an abundance of the best currency ever known; made the country the most prosperous of any country in any age, reformed the civil service, and has done all that has been done toward the suppression of dram-selling, gambling, and vice.

It has been the party of progress and though it has not progressed as fast as some of us would desire, it has gone as fast as the people would sustain it in the direction of reforms; sometimes a little faster as witness the prohibitory movement in this state and the narrow escape from defeat in the two last presidential elections.

The Democratic party has always been the brake on the wheels of progress, has opposed all the reforms proposed by the Republicans, and has only accepted them when they were accomplished facts. Republicans are more radical and easily educated up to a reform, and will adopt it as soon as the people will sustain it.

There is no use in forming new parties to forward any of these reforms. A prohibition party, or an anti-monopoly party, or a labor party, or a party instituted to accomplish any other reform, will utterly fail of doing any good, while it will do much hurt in drawing nearly all its strength from the Republican party and tending to throw the control of government into the hands of the Democratic partythe conservative enemy of all reform.

There is only one way to effect reforms and that is to act and work with the Republican party and by your weight and influence enable it to succeed while carrying your pet reform.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Report of Windsor Academy school for term commencing Oct. 1, 1883, and ending March 24, 1884, as follows.

Average for term of advanced grade: Joanna Bedell 88, May Kinely 96, Mary Cue 71, Ida Straughn 94, Carrie Warr 96, Rebecca Weaverling 89, Flora Bedell 87, James French 92.

Intermediate grade. Katie Harris 96, Jessie Cue 81, George Weaverling 85, Willie Bedell 87, Daniel Mohler 89, Della Cue 86, Louie Spradlin 72, Myrtle Harris 92, Walter Mohler 84, Fred Weaverling 80.

Primary grade. Alice Hillier 87, Minnie Cue 84, Dehlia Harris 86, Martha Smith 75, Mattie McDonald 77, Tommy Smith 78, Bennie Weaverling 77, Horace Kinsley 89, Oonda Mohler 89, Willie Smith 89, David Mohler 84, Elmer Cue 85, Eddie Smith 79, Fred Hillier 75, Walter Hillier 86. No. enrolled, 52. Average daily attendance 24-8. No. not tardy during term, 1. MAGGIE SEABRIDGE, Teacher.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884. Editorial Page.

For some time past a large number of our citizens have desired to unite their contribu- tions from their overflowing granaries and forward the same by rail to Cincinnati for the relief of the flood sufferers, and in accord with this desire it was understood some days since that a public meeting of the farmers and others interested would be held in Winfield on the afternoon of Saturday, April 5th, for the purpose of organizing the county, appointing committees, etc., and then consummate this noble purpose. Assuming some personal responsibility in the matter, I addressed a letter to Mr. W. D. Mundell, who is a businessman of Cincinnati and known for his integrity and public spirit, requesting him to state whether there now existed a necessity for sending the contemplated aid, and if so, whether we had better send it to Cincinnati, Louisville, or other river points. As per request the reply came by Saturday noon mail, and for the satisfaction of our citizens, I give it in full.

(Signed) J. F. Martin.

CINCINNATI, OHIO, April 2, 1884.

J. F. Martin, Dear Sir: Yours of March 30th came to hand at 12 noon just in time to go on change and confer with Pres. Weimer, who as you are aware no doubt, has entire control of all matters pertaining to the flood sufferers and through him, by directors of the committee of which he is chairman, all moneys and donations have been distributed, and of course he was the gentleman I must see in regard to your inquiries.

I read your letter to him, in regard to your contemplated county donation. He listened with deep interest, and at the close, with candor and manifest feeling he made the following statements.

"It is wonderful," said he, "thee bountiful generosity that has been displayed by our people all over our country. It has almost been worth the terrible calamity that the great flood has cost us to have learned the great generosity and large souls of our people in aiding those in distress; and while we recognize with emotions of gratitude and thanks the expressed generous and sympathetic feelings of our brothers and sisters in Cowley Co., Kansas, yet the time has come when it is our duty to say stop.

"There is no suffering in our valley now which was caused by the floods. Committees have been sent through Kentucky and Ohio and have made report to us as above stated. We have distributed $100,000 in Kentucky and $70,000 in Ohio. All this has been spent outside of Cincinnati. The city has taken care of her own unfortunate people. We have returned to the state treasury one-half of the amount appropriated by the state, because its distribution became unnecessary. We think it is now time for the people to go to work and provide for themselves. Too much giving fosters and encourages idleness, hence we say it's time to stop giving."

We recognize the fact that it would have been a great pleasure to our friends in Cowley County to have forwarded to us their contemplated donation, yet we say, God bless your people of such noble impulse and accept the thanks of our valley people, and will add that I fully concur in the expressed opinions of our President. To you all, the noble people of Cowley County, I am yours with profound respect. W. D. MUNDELL.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.


My Kingdom for a Bridge!!!

The principal grounds mentioned by the Railroad Commissioners for recommending a station between Winfield and Oxford, two stations only ten miles apart, was the lack of bridge facilities to get in to either of those towns. It is about time that the businessmen and citizens of Winfield took active steps to have the bridge at Bliss' mill reconstructed on a much larger and more substantial plan. Winfield has lost enough business on account of the absence of that bridge. The profits already lost on that account would be sufficient to build more than one such bridge, perhaps half a dozen.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

A team attached to a closed carriage ran away Wednesday with a woman and baby inside. The carriage driver was racing with one of the omnibuses coming up from the Santa Fe depot. While turning the corner of Eleventh Avenue the lines broke and the driver was thrown off. John Willis was on the driver's seat and in attempting to jump off was badly bruised. The team ran down Main street to the Southern Kansas depot, turned east and ran several blocks before being stopped. The woman inside was terribly frightened. It was a terrible ride. She was a Mrs. Matthews, wife of a barber in this city.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

A program of music selected especially for the Episcopal Easter services next Sunday has been handed us by the director of the choir, Mr. E. F. Blair, but is unavoidably crowded out. The Episcopal choir is one of the best in the city, and with such an excellent program, the music at this church, Sunday, will be grand.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

The Republicans of Pleasant Valley Township will hold their primary for the selection of delegates to attend the County Convention on Thursday night at half-past seven o'clock at the Odessa schoolhouse. By order Chairman of Committee.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

The Sunday school at Rock will hold a musical concert on the evening of the 12th to raise means to pay for an organ. The enterprise should be well patronized as it is a good cause and the Sunday school should have a lift.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Creswell Township voted five thousand dollars in bonds, Saturday, for the construction of a bridge across the Walnut, east of Arkansas City. When it comes to voting bonds, Creswell always "gets there."

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

There will be German Lutheran services in the basement of the Presbyterian Church at 3 o'clock next Sunday afternoon (Easter).

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Calf boots for Men and Boys at lower prices than any store in Winfield. Smith & Zook.

A large stock of school shoes for sale by Smith & Zook.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

The City Fathers met on Monday evening in regular session, all present. Sidewalk Ordinance 187 was passed. Report of Police Judge for December and January found correct.

The street commissioner was instructed to ascertain the cost of 800 feet sewer pipe, to be attached to the Brettun House sewer leading down Main and across the S. K. Depot, and report the same to the Council at the next regular meeting.

The report of committee on location of gas ports was adopted.

The following bills were ordered paid.

Black & Rembaugh, printing, $35.

Frank W. Finch, board of city prisoners, $30.75.

Judges and Clerks of election, $20.00.

R. S. Wilson, stone furnished the city, $10.00.

Perry Barron, burying dogs, 50 cents.

J. C. McMullen, rent fire dept. buildings for March, $15.00.

City officers' salaries, $67.90.

J. M. Reed, staining and supplies for the city, $5.10.

Jas. McLain, night watch for March, $62.00.

E. F. Sears, crossing, $31.40.

Scott & Matthews, room for election, $2.00.

Wilkinson & Co., room for election, $2.00.

Hendricks & Wilson, supplies, $10.25.

J. C. Fuller, rent of Council room for Jan., Feb., and March, $30.

G. H. Buckman, work on registration books, $102.20.

Bill of Bryan & Lynn, $15.00.

Goods furnished pauper, was recommended to County Committee for payment.

Application of W. A. Lee for permit to build shed within fire limits, was rejected.

Petition of Ed. Burnett for water pipe extension was rejected.

The new council was organized with W. R. McDonald, President.

Petition to have stock yards, elevator, and gas works removed were referred to the committee on Public Health.

McDonald, McGuire, and the City Attorney were appointed a committee to report a revision of the license and salary ordinances.

City Clerk and Councilman McGuire were appointed committee to confer with businessmen regarding their assuming half the salary of night watch.

Appointments of the Mayor were as follows:

Marshal, B. F. Herrod.

Assistant Marshal, James McLain.

City Clerk, G. H. Buckman

City engineer, D. A. Millington.

Contract with Joe. O'Hare for law office in Council room at $5.00 per month, was approved.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

A. H. Green is now occupying room with Miller & Bartlett, next door to his old office. He will remain there until he moves into his own office. He continues active in the real estate business and has just published a large edition of his real estate paper for circulation in the east.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

We have purchased the abstract book of E. H. Nixon and are prepared from this date to make abstracts of city or county property promptly and correctly. H. G. Fuller & Co.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Mr. Burgauer, of M. Hahn & Co., returned from the east last week. He spent several months in Philadelphia and New York, and made heavy purchases for the Bee Hive.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Grand Summit Scraps.

Never seeing any news from this part of the county, put you down a few of its doings.

Farmers are busy plowing and planting.

Grand Summit is on a little "boom," the S. K. R. R. people are grading at their switch making it longer.

We are soon to have a coal house built and filled, also a broom factory will be built during the summer.

We want a good blacksmith. E. C. Barnes will deed to the first blacksmith, one acre of land; and M. L. Robinson will give to the same, one business lot on Main street, and one resident lot, if the party will commence business and build on the same. Lots will be given to any party that will build and commence Business on the same. For full particulars write to Messrs. Darling & Rogers. Altogether Grand Summit is bound to make a first class country town.

Considerable damage was done to property by a prairie fire some days ago. Mr. Booth lost by the fire, two horses and some cattle. Mr. J. Hiatt lost his stable, wagon, harness, and some hogs. Nearly all the hay in the neighborhood was burned.

Mr. T. C. Campbell is going to build an addition 12 x 16 this week.

Well, as we never could think of anything to write when we wanted to, we will close.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Ninnescah Primary.

The Republican primary convention of Ninnescah Township for the purpose of electing delegates to the county delegate convention, held in Winfield on Saturday, April 19th, will be held in the town of Udall on Thursday, April 17th, at 3 o'clock p.m.

Geo. S. Cole, by order of Central Committee.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

A Vote of Thanks.

The Ladies Library Association tender their thanks to the Courier Band for their fine and entertaining music given for the benefit of this Association at the Opera House on April 4th.

Mrs. C. S. VanDoren, President; Mrs. N. J. Lundy, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Eggs 10 cents, Butter 20 cents, chickens, live, 7 cents per lb., or $3.00 to $6.00 per dozen. Turkeys 10 cents per lb. or $12.00 to $24.00 per dozen. Potatoes 50 cents; Hogs $5.00 to $5.25 per cwt. Corn 32 cents per bu. and wheat 85 cents, two cents above Chicago prices.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

The Board of Directors of the Fair Association meet Friday afternoon.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Old soldiers who want blue suits with G. A. R. buttons on can get them at McGuire Bros.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Col. J. C. McMullen and lady entertained Miss Helen Potter during her stay in our city.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

The Chicago & Alton railroad has presented to each room of our public schools a fine map of the U. S.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

E. L. Clymer has returned from Iowa and taken a position as assistant bookkeeper in the Winfield Bank.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

W. A. Tipton has retired from the newspaper business and will again resume the practice of law in Winfield.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Lewis Brown is once more able to walk around some, after an illness of nearly two months, though still quite feeble.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Mr. G. H. Searer was up from Silverdale Monday on some road business before the Board of County Commissioners.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

The remarkable colored musician, Blind Boone, appears in Winfield again on next Saturday evening, benefit Juvenile Band.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Irve Randall lost a valued watch charm last week. If the finder of such an article will interview him, they will be suitably rewarded.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Our New Salem correspondent tells of a destructive prairie fire in that vicinity. Damaging prairie fires have been numerous in all sections this spring.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

On Tuesday of last week, while school was in session, a Kansas zephyr lifted the chimney and roof off of the Bolton schoolhouse, three miles east of Dexter.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Henthorn & Bro. have sold the Enterprise to Brooks & McComas and it came out last week in a bright new dress. J. W. Henthorn still does the quill driving.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Mrs. Smith & Co., dress and cloak makers, are in their rooms over the express office, where they will give attention to all wishing work done in their line of business.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

The law office of McMullen & Leland has received a beautiful frescoing and papering at the hands of J. H. Hetherington, and is greatly improved in appearance and comfort.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

The Winfield Stone, Brick & Tile Co. will turn out their first kiln of brick this week. They soon will be in shape to fill orders to the extent of a quarter of a million brick a week.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

August Kadau has been receiving the hearty congratulations of all his friends over his matrimonial transaction last week. He was serenaded by the Juvenile Band Saturday night.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Capt. W. E. Tansey has been engaged for several weeks building a fine residence for W. J. Bonnewell, in Vernon Township. Our farmers are spreading themselves generally this spring.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

The season of tornadoes is now at hand and the savings of years are liable to be swept away in a few moments. Get a policy of S. L. Gilbert, over the post office, in the old reliable Phoenix of Hartford.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Mrs. Wm. H. Day, of Carrolton, Missouri, purchased last week, the Henry Dawson stock farm of 640 acres in Omnia Township for $5,000. The sale was made by F. L. Branniger, of the firm of H. G. Fuller & Co.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Miss Ella Kelly, accompanied by Miss Azelma Brown, came down from Douglass Saturday and stayed over Sunday with relatives. Her eight months' "idea shooting" in the schools of that place closes the first of June.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

The Presbytery of Emporia met in annual session at Arkansas City last Friday and Saturday, with about sixty ministers and elders present. We take the following from the proceedings as published by the Republican.

"During the recess on Friday afternoon the most estimable widow of the late Rev. J. E. Platter was given an informal reception by the presbytery. The reception, though spon- taneous, was most hearty and appreciative, showing not only the high esteem in which her husband was held, but also the kind feeling and sympathy felt for her by all. This reception refreshed the memories of a man who crowded a great and grand work into a short life, and who belonged to the whole section of southern Kansas, irrespective of creed or church, which deeply feels his loss."

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

A number of the public spirited young ladies and gentlemen of Winfield met in the Courthouse Tuesday evening to take such steps as were necessary to establish a reading room. They have rented the rooms over Wallis & Wallis' grocery store, and will meet next Monday evening to effect a permanent organization. As soon as all arrangements are in good working order, the rooms will be open to the public, and we hope the businessmen of the city will take pride in lending their assistance by way of contributing periodicals, books, and papers. The young people are very enthusiastic and, if properly encouraged, will no doubt make the enterprise a success that Winfield will be proud of, and one that will be of lasting benefit to our people.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

The Opera House was crowded with Winfield's elite last Friday evening to hear the celebrated elocutionist, Miss Helen Potter, who came under auspices of the Library Association. As a reader and character personator, Miss Potter is a lady of rare talent and her performances captivated our people. Her imitation of Charlotte Cushman as Catharine of Aragon, taken from Shakespeare's Henry VIII, "Aunt Melissa on Boys," a Yankee sketch, and John B. Goff in a temperance lecture, all elicited much favorable comment, with, of course, some criticism. The Courier Band donated its services to the Library Association and added much to the pleasure of the occasion.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

We desire to express through the COURIER our sincere gratitude and appreciation of the kindly reception of the delegates attending the National Suffrage Association, held in Washington last week, by President Arthur and others. We regret our inability as a Society to send a delegate to the Convention, and as yet we have no state organization, which leaves Kansas on this occasion, a little behind the times. Ladies, come out to our meeting next Tuesday, April 15th, at the Kindergarten; and when next the U. S. A. meets, let us make Kansas foremost in the ranks. M. R. HALL, Secretary, W. S. A. of Winfield.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Gov. Glick has at least transferred his appointive powers from the northern part of the state and honored this section with an appointment which is eminently fitting. He has appointed S. L. Gilbert, of this city, to fill the vacancy in the State Board of Charities. The Board met at Osawatomie this week and re-organized by electing Mr. McAllister of Ottawa, President, and S. L. Gilbert, of Winfield, Secretary. They are visiting different parts of the state this week, on business. No man could have been appointed who would fill this position better than S. L. Gilbert, and his appointment will be heartily endorsed.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Mr. M. A. Bates, lately connected with the Telegram, left Monday for Hopkins, Missouri, to take charge of the Herald, which he recently purchased of W. A. Tipton. Milt is familiar with everything pertaining to a printing establishment, is a good writer, and will make the people of Hopkins a paper which they can be proud of and which will deserve, and no doubt receive, a liberal patronage. During his residence here his genial manners and sterling worth have made him many friends, the best wishes of whom follow him to his new home.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

The Baptist Sunday school celebrated its sixth anniversary on last Sunday evening with a concert. The history of the school was tersely reviewed by James McDermott, some excellent remarks on Sunday school work were made by Rev. Cairns, and the little ones gave interesting recitations and songs. The regular choir, which is hard to excel, was present and discoursed beautiful music. The Baptist Sunday school exhibits much prosperity and good feeling.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Joe O'Hare came so near the matrimonial block Tuesday that his hair actually stood on end. He was called on as a witness to a marriage ceremony. Thoughts of love, brighter days, and his lonely, desolate condition crowded upon him in untold multiplicity, until he was gently borne from the room in the strong arms of a friend, who understood his agony.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

A young fellow by the name of Charles Fisher was arrested for contempt of court in failing to appear as prosecuting witness in an Arkansas City whiskey case. He complained of being sick, and the sheriff let him out into the office. As soon as the officer's back was turned, he took leg bail and disappeared since which time he has not been heard from.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

The following parties have received permits since our last to sail off on the broad and tempestuous gulf of matrimony.


W. S. Wooden and Nannie B. Barrow.

C. M. Parsons and Rebecca Torrance.

John W. House and Belle Clark.

Edward A. Bourdette and Ella Heart.

Reed C. Byers and Percie Corgell.

J. M. Bell and Josie Radcliff.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Dr. W. R. Kirkwood and Mr. S. S. Linn represented the Winfield Presbyterian Church in the Presbytery of Arkansas City last week. The Doctor remained over Sunday and filled the Presbyterian pulpit of that city. His place in Winfield was filled by Rev. ____ Curtis of Osage City.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Those wishing to attend the bi-ennial celebration of the Order of Knights of Pythias at New Orleans in May can secure a round trip ticket of Agent Kennedy over the Santa Fe from Winfield for $20.50. This offer holds good from the 18th to the 23rd of April.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Ben Bartlow and D. P. Hurst of Ninnescah Township, had a fracas last week over a land lease, in which the former got a leg peppered with a charge from a shot gun. An arrest was made, but no case brought owing to the absence of a prosecuting witness.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Mrs. L. R. VanLew and daughter, Miss Ida, returned to their home in Indianola, Iowa, on Monday, after a residence of six months in Winfield for the benefit of Mrs. VanLew's health. She is afflicted with consumption and returns much improved.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

The festive cyclone is beginning to get in its work in the south and east, a word to the wise is sufficient. Go to Shivvers & Linn and insure your property against loss.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

A literary entertainment will be given under the auspices of the Senior class by pupils of our public schools, in high school building, Friday eve, April 11th. Admission 10 cents.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Mrs. Chas. Hill of Wellington, well known to Winfield people in days gone be as Miss Ella Johnson, was in the city last week visiting relatives and friends.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Don't fail to again hear Blind Boone, the great colored musical prodigy, at the Opera House, on Saturday evening next, under auspices of the Juvenile Band.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Next Sunday will be Easter Sunday. Appropriate Episcopal services in the Courthouse morning and evening at the usual hours.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Mrs. A. Graff, of Wellington, spent a few days of last week in Winfield, the guest of Mrs. C. Collins and Miss Lena Walrath.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Another touch of metropolitan airs struck our city this week in the appearance of a closed cab on the streets.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Rev. B. Kelly, our new Methodist minister, has fitted up a roomy study in the Torrance- Fuller brick block.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Dressmaking by Misses Scott & Hartman, next to the telephone office. Patronage solicited.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.


Winfield the Prettiest and Most Substantial City in the West,

And Still the Work of Improvement Goes On!


Three Hundred New Homes Going Up and More Contracted For.

We have been listening to the din of the carpenter's hammer and watching new houses rise in every direction throughout the city until our curiosity to know just who were doing all this work knew no bounds. On Monday afternoon we mounted a mustang and made a tour of the city, ascertaining as far as possible as we went along, the names of those citizens who were building, improving generally, and spreading themselves in harmony with the bright aspect of everything around them. In riding over Winfield, especially at this season, when nature has begun to assume her robe of velvety green, you are struck with wonder at the number of really beautiful homes, and the wonder increases when you consider in what a short time all this has been done.

In turning the corner back of Lynn's store, the first thing which met our gaze was a lawn sprinkler throwing the silver-sprayed water from our water works system on the beautiful blue grass in the grounds of J. P. Baden's residence. Mr. Baden's home and surroundings are being made very attractivein fact, that whole street north is noted for its neat homes. The grounds of D. Berkey, H. Brotherton, J. Wade McDonald, and others exhibit taste rarely excelled.

Mr. C. Collins, of the livery firm of Vance & Collins, has the foundation up for a handsome residence on his quarter block on the corner of Mansfield Street and Ninth Avenue. This place has many trees, is close to business, and will make a good home.

A. H. Doane has about completed, just opposite his residence on 9th Avenue, a roomy tenant house, for which he had a renter almost as soon as the foundation went up. Several other houses are being built, for rent, in that vicinity.

On the corner of 12th Avenue and Mansfield Street, Fred C. Hunt has almost ready for occupancy a neat frame residence. He has been setting out trees and will soon have one of the pleasant homes of the city.

Mr. A. E. Noble, late of Iowa, has erected a fine residence containing eight rooms, on West 12th Avenue, and John Craine was slashing on the mortar on its interior at a lively rate.

Just south of Mr. Noble, a residence is being built by J. R. Hyden, another newcomer, while a block west, Mr. Henry Forbes and others were found busily engaged in building a house for John Reynolds.

Jerry Evans, in the same neighborhood, has surrounded his house with a good fence and is making other improvements.

Sam Gilbert has recently repainted and otherwise improved his residence property. Sam has one of the most commodious and handsome residences in the city.

Way down on 14th Avenue, near the Tile Works, Mr. N. D. Walaver, who came from Missouri a few weeks ago and purchased the Snider property, is building a cottage tenant house, fencing in his residence, and expending considerable money in improvements.

Mr. Marsh Sidle, on Loomis Street south, has put an addition to his house, set out trees, fenced his property, and is making a very neat home, while just across the street Sol Burkhalter is building a two story addition and showing characteristic enterprise.

At the south end of Loomis Street, Mr. C. H. Kingsberry lately built a house, which he sold to an Illinoisan for $900 before he got it plastered. He has bought lots adjoining and has the foundation in and the lumber on the ground for a very good cottage, for which a dozen renters have already applied. A. C. Hitchcock, late of Iowa, is doing the mason work.

Just south of this a Mr. White has erected a dwelling.

On South Millington Street, Mr. Ely has almost finished a good two story frame dwelling, and in a few blocks north, M. L. Hollingsworth, with a number of mechanics, is at work on a $1,500 house for J. E. Nudaly, from Indianapolis this spring.

Prof. Hickok will erect immediately a fine residence on his South Loomis Street block. The Professor has been steadily improving this place until the trees, shrubs, and blue grass make a fine show. He has a row of catalpas, of several years growth, around the entire block.

Mr. A. Herpich has lately bought a quarter block in this neighborhood and is putting out trees, fencing it, and preparing the place for a fine residence.

Just across the street from Prof. Hickok's, Mr. H. N. Jarvis, who came from Denver last fall, has about completed a $3,000 residence, is sowing grasses, and is planting many varieties of trees. He will have one of the valuable homes of the city.

The Frazee Bros. are building the third new house for this spring in the Loomis addition, all very good. One has been already sold at a good figure and the other two will be occupied by them for residences.

M. G. Troup's residence property on South Millington Street has been receiving recent improvements in the way of paint, trees, and grasses.

Mr. Gabriel Robins, of Morgan Co., Ind., who purchased the Shields property on South Main Street, has added additions, new paint, and is making a home, as he expressed it, in which to spend the remainder of his days.

Our colored friends are not behind in improvements. John Matthews is putting up a nice little four room cottage on South Main in which to keep his young bride.

Charley Bahntge is happiest when improving. He is adding a story to his fine residence, has put up a good barn, and will have, when completed, about as pretty a place as the town contains. His shrubs and trees are set with great taste.

A. T. Spotswood is utilizing the waterworks to the great advantage of his handsome lawn. Mr. Spotswood has one of the neatest and most desirable homes in the city. Everything about it exhibits great care.

Mr. George Ordway has nearly completed a large addition to his already pleasant and commodious home.

J. W. Arrowsmith, our city assessor, is erecting a dwelling on his quarter block on East 11th Avenue. He is arranging the grounds in a manner which would indicate a fine home in a few yearsas soon as nature has time to spread herself.

Just across the street, Mr. Crowell has recently built a neat house, surrounded it with a picket fence, and is getting things in shape for a pleasant home.

On the quarter block west Frank Raymond has the foundation up and will soon have finished a neat dwelling.

S. H. Rogers is digging a cellar for a residence on his lots on 10th Avenue east, is plowing the ground, and civilizing things generally.

W. B. Hall, another man recently from Democratic Missouri, has bought lots in the Courier Place and has a good house under headway. F. J. Pierce was putting on the paint Monday. Mr. John Wells, recently from Indiana, has also built a $2,500 house in the Courier Place. D. R. Laycock has one nearly finished. This plat was a year ago bare prairie, but it won't be much longer until everyone of the twelve quarter blocks will have a good house on it and be occupied by a family.

H. H. J. Johnson is another man who is building a good house in this neighborhood.

The beautiful grounds of Capt. John Lowry, Col. J. C. McMullen, J. L. Horning, M. L. Read, C. A. Bliss, J. C. Fuller, Mrs. Platter, and many others are beginning to show themselves in all the glory which "Gentle Annie" can bring to bear and are still receiving some improvements. A man will walk a long piece out of his way to see such houses and grounds. Most of these grounds are completely irrigated by our system of waterworks. Such homes are as good examples as can be found in the state of what money and energy, when united with good taste, can do. The places are pictures and will grow more beautiful each year as the trees and shrubs increase in size. Such homes educate people and show the possibilities of Kansas soil.

Irve Randall is becoming quite a property owner. He is now building two houses on east 9th Avenue, from each of which he will realize about twenty dollars per month as rentals.

In the same block, Jim Fahey has under headway a $2,000 residence, and just across the street another good house, the name of whose owner, like those of dozens of other houses which are going up, could not be found out by the quill driver.

Dan Maher has just repainted and otherwise improved his three fine houses on 8th Avenue, east.

In this vicinity are houses being built by D. R. Laycock, Noble Caldwell, Dan'l Dicks, E. and I. Crane, John Wheeler, and a dozen or two others. Almost every lot has a new house, or a foundation for one, on it.

One of the best houses on east 8th Avenue is that of A. G. Wilson, which is now receiving the plaster and paint. It is two stories high, with six or eight rooms, and is worth upwards of $3,000. He has run water-works pipes into the grounds and will occupy the place for a residence.

Dick Gates is just completing a $1,500 house in this neighborhood, while on east David Dicks has placed on the lots adjoining his home a neat tenant house. Just across the street, Mr. J. Jolly, who landed from Indiana two weeks ago, has purchased lots and has nearly completed a pretty four roomed cottage.

It seems that a majority of these buildings are being built by newcomers. Mr. L. Colburt, late of Carroll County, Missouri, is expending a thousand dollars or more in a new house on 6th Avenue, and across the street Mrs. M. A. Gay is also putting up a dwelling.

We found Henry Noble with spade in hand and perspiration on his brow setting out trees on his quarter block on 8th Avenue. The foundation is up and the lumber on the ground for a good house. On 9th Avenue, nearby, Mr. Ed. Huntley, of Kalamazoo, Michigan, has a residence in course of erection.

On the same avenue, T. C. Copeland, M. Hahn & Co.'s head clerk, is setting out trees of all kinds, smoothing up the grounds around his new house, and making one of the neatest places in the city.

Near the mounds, N. J. Lundy has a fine residence on his five acre tract nearly ready to move into. This will make a pleasant suburban home.

Mr. Mowry has just built on 7th Avenue a good dwelling and has moved into it, and a few yards distant J. M. Rennick has built an addition to his house.

The tract near Manny's brewery is filling up rapidly with good houses. E. H. Gilbert has just finished four houses for rent in addition to a residence for himself, all of which were rented before a nail was driven, one of them at $20 per month for a boarding house.

In the same neighborhood houses are being built by Jim Nichols, Tom Johnson, and W. J. Andrews, all neat and good.

On 7th Avenue east, Charley Steuven and Harry Morton have new houses recently finished.

Jack Heller [?Hiller?], on the same avenue, has been improving his home until it is hardly recognizable. Additions to the house, repainting, a good fence, and other things, make it a very desirable place.

Geo. Hudson's three houses on corner of 7th Avenue and Millington Street have been repainted and enclosed with neat picket fences. And, by the way, nothing sets off a place better than a nice fence. It is like a pretty dress on a pretty woman.

Mrs. F. C. Halyard has bought lots in the Howland Addition and is building a good residence.

All this building and improvement is not confined to residences, but Main Street and adjoining avenues are receiving their share.

The cellars for the McDougall buildings are nearly finished and about twenty or thirty men are busy on different parts of the work.

Geo. and Will Hudson have purchased the Miller building on South Main for $3,500 and will finish it up immediately. They have already had applications from renters.

On Ninth Avenue opposite the Courthouse, Senator Hackney is putting up three suits of law offices, one of which will be occupied by himself as soon as completed.

S. H. Myton will commence, as soon as men can be got to do it, the excavation for a large two story brick and stone business house for his own use, on his corner opposite Lynn's store. The plans indicate that this is to be one of the best buildings in the city.

The neatest real estate office in the city now is that of H. G. Fuller & Co. The building they recently purchased on Ninth Avenue has been fitted up anew, artistically painted, counters put in, the floor covered with matting, and everything arranged very tastefully. They moved in Tuesday.

Mr. Wheeler, who recently started a second carriage factory, on 8th Avenue, has been extending his buildings until they now assume large proportions.

Mr. James Kirk has been putting another story on his grist mill back of Lynn's and is putting in machinery by which he can grind wheat as well as corn. Heretofore he has been grinding corn exclusively.

The Christian Church is receiving the finishing touches to its interior, the seats have arrived and services will be held in the new building about the first of May. The perseverance of the members of the Christian Church is about to be crowned with as pleasant a place of worship as any one could wish for.

The storerooms of Dr. Mendenhall and Mrs. Blair are being entirely finished up this week, and we understand that they will be occupied immediately.

Curns & Manser have bought of Judge Ide the lot south of the Torrance-Fuller buildings, for thirty-five hundred dollars, and will erect thereon a fine brick office.

The gas pipes are being distributed along the streets. The holder, retort, house, and purifying rooms are also being pushed rapidly forward. The company expect to be able to turn on gas within sixty days.

Sid Majors is having the old Williams House Building fitted up in first-class style for a hotel, to be christened after the one which gave him popularity in days gone by, "The Central." He will open out in a few days.

The busiest place we have yet seen is the brick and tile yards of the Winfield Stone, Brick & Tile Company, on South Menor street. About twenty men are there employed making improvements and brick. The yards have been fenced and carpenters are busily engaged making "dryers." They are getting in shape to turn out a quarter of a million brick per week. The switches to the Company's stone quarry are now being put in. An office for the Secre- tary, J. E. Conklin, is being fitted up on the brick and tile yards.

Of course, it was impossible to ascertain the names of all persons who are building and improving, and if we did, our space would not permit their mention in this issue. We have mentioned only the best residences being constructed, and came far from getting all of those; it would take a solid week to hunt up the name of every builder. A careful count of the buildings going up and just finished, revealed fully three hundred; it looks pretty big, but any sceptic can convince himself by taking the pains to count them, as we did. On these buildings are employed a small army of mechanics, and the demand and wages are such as to bring in more on every train. All this expenditure of money shows great confidence and prosperity. Everything indicates that this will be the biggest year, all around, that Cowley has ever seen.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.


The Railroad Commissioners Decide for a Side Track.

The application of citizens of Vernon Township in this county for a depot and station facilities at some point on the Southern Kansas Railroad between Winfield and Oxford in the Arkansas Valley has been acted upon by the state railroad commissioners; who visited and examined the ground, obtained such facts from the citizens as they could, conferred with the railroad authorities, and heard their objections, and have now made their decision, the gist of which is in the following language.

"The Board therefore recommend that the respondent company cause to be built at a point which they may select within two miles east line of the west half of the northwest quarter of section twenty-two (22), township thirty-two (32), south of range three (3) east, a switch or spur of suitable length and proper facilities for shipping grain and loading cars from wagons, and that such improvements be made within a reasonable time from date. By order of the Board, E. J. Turner, Secretary. Topeka, Kansas, April 5, 1884."

The location will not be less than five miles from Winfield nor more than seven; not less than three miles from Oxford nor more than five.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

DIED. On Monday of last week, Joseph Dager, a young man twenty-six years of age, living with James Barnes five miles above town, was fatally shot by the accidental discharge of a shot gun, and died Sunday. He was duck hunting on the Walnut, and in taking the gun from the boat, it went off, the charge lodging in his thigh and abdomen. He came to the county from Huntington, Indiana, only a short time ago, and bought a farm. He has no relatives in the county, but a brother came on, was with him till death, and took the remains home for interment on Monday's train.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Isaac Wood and Mr. Hahn, of Vernon Township, had a disturbance last week over some stock trespassing on the former's premises, resulting in a severe knife wound in the hip of Hahn. The blade struck the hip bone and broke off. Had it struck an inch higher, it is supposed the wound would have been fatal.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

With the advent of spring, Riverside Park is assuming its former beauty and popularity. It was thronged with buggies, carriages, and pedestrians last Sunday afternoon. "Whispering lovers" could be seen in almost any "sequestered spot" in the park. The blue grass is becoming well matted over the ground.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

The Presbyterian Sunday school will have a "jug breaking" at the church on the evening of the 15th. Money instead of an anti-prohibition article will flow from the jugs. Literary exercises will form a part of the program.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Our farmers are all in high spirits over the magnificent outlook for another wheat crop. The fields in all parts of the county are booming and a finer prospect was never seen by the oldest inhabitant.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

The ever popular Dollar Store is now receiving its spring invoice of novelties and is prepared to give better bargains than ever. Call and look at their new stock of glassware, lamps, etc.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Charley Fuller and Ed McMullen, of the Winfield Bank, took a trip over to Harper Saturday, returning Monday morning. They report an unusual briskness all along the line.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

DIED. Lewis Deaner, a twenty-one year old son of one of Cowley's oldest settlers, died at Seeley Sunday evening of congestion of the lungs. He was only sick a few days.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.


My object in making this Statement is to correct an article published last week in the COURIER, headed "City Scales." I was appointed city weigher March 6th, 1882, and up to April 6th, 1884, two years and one month, the reports show the gross earnings to be $2,250, of which from ten to fifteen percent has not been collected. Then to arrive at the net earnings of the scales, there should be a deduction for scale books, for license, for bonds every six months, for testing scales by county clerk, for fuel, for use of investment, wear of scales, etc.

A. G. WILSON, City Weigher.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Donavin's "Original" Tennesseeans, comprises nine ex-slaves, all of extraordinary voice, brought by the best culture and years of constant practice to a high state of cultivation. They are no humbug, no burn cork artists, but genuine, first-class singers. No lover of song, the best of all music, should fail to hear them. They appear at the Opera House, on Friday evening, April 18th. Tickets 50 cents without extra charge for reserved seats, will be on sale at the post office book store.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

We would call the attention of the Wellingtonian man to our brief mention of Winfield's building boom, and advise him, in order to keep his envy from turning too green, not to undertake again a comparison of Wellington with the Queen City. He has already blasted all his G. Washington qualities (if he ever had any) and placed himself on a par with Eli Perkinsthe greatest of all prevaricators.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Miss Nettie R. McCoy and class gave another of their highly entertaining concerts at the Opera House, Tuesday evening. Every performance, vocal and instrumental, was rendered in a manner very creditable and exhibited splendidly the abilities of Miss McCoy as a musical instructor. She has a large class. The Courier Band and Presbyterian choir assisted in the concert.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Mr. T. W. Dukes, who sold a fine farm in Tisdale Township some months ago and moved to Iowa, has returned to again become a resident of grand old Cowley. He says that a short residence elsewhere is necessary to give a proper appreciation of the wonderful advantages and superiority of Kansas and Cowley County.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Will C. Barnes of this city, who successfully managed the winter term of the Cambridge schools, spent last week at home before again assuming the scepter at the same place for a spring term, on Monday last.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Messrs. L. C. Fleming and R. W. Huff were down from Ninnescah Township Saturday and reported the festive oat to be peering through the ground, much corn planted, and everyone jubilant.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Lost. A bunch of small keys, including key to post office box 296. The finder will be rewarded by leaving the same at the office of Dr. Taylor.


Winfield Courier, April 10, 1884.

Public Sale. I will sell at public auction to the highest bidder at my farm 2 miles south- east of Winfield, on Wednesday, April 15th, 1884, commencing at 10 o'clock a.m., the following described stock: 20 head of choice cows and heifers. Most all have calves or are with calf by the Bates topped Rosamond Shorthorn bull, Baron Bates of Weatherby. Also 3/4 short horned bull, 1 year old. Terms: Six months time will be given without interest if paid when due; if not then paid, ten percent from date will be charged. Purchasers to give note with approved security before removing stock. Ten percent discount per annum for cash. One thoroughbred Shorthorn Bull at private sale. Walter Denning, Auctioneer.



Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

RECAP: District Court, John P. Ross, Plaintiff, vs. Sarah J. Ross, a non-resident of the state of Kansas..March 18, 1884, be answered by May 5, 1884, or else judgement that the marriage relation existing between the plaintiff and defendant be set aside and held for naught, and forever divorcing said plaintiff from defendant...and defendant to pay the costs of said action. Henry E. Asp, Attorney for Plaintiff.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

RECAP. Notice of Assignee to Creditors of Willie S. Goss and William V. McConn, formerly doing business under the firm name of Goss & McConn at East Geuda Springs that on June 10, 1884, at office of Clerk of District Court, they would adjust and allow demands against the estate of the said Goss & McConn, assignors, assigned to assignee.

HUGH H. SIVERD, Assignee of the property of Goss & McConn.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.



Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The Russian government talks of building a railroad across Siberia from the Ural mountains to the Pacific.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

There was another terrible tumble in wheat last week on exchange in Chicago; the scenes were a counterpart of those witnessed at the time of the McGeoch failure.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

D. L. Payne has filed with Gen. Rosecrans the sworn statement of Captain H. H. Maidt, of Cowley County, which charges most inhuman treatment from United States troops of Oklahoma colonists last August.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Last week in Chicago wheat touched the lowest price reached during the last twenty years. This is due to a light foreign demand and large amount in sight. Of late years England has been stimulating wheat productions in India, Australia, and other of her colonial depen- dencies to such an extent that their surplus almost makes up the deficiency of consumption over production in the British Islands.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The bill passed by the senate, allotting each head of an Indian family 160 acres of land, to each single Indian over eighteen years of age or each orphan under that age 80 acres, and to each other Indian 40 acres of their tribal reservations, the land to be held in trust by the government for 25 years, so the owners cannot be swindled out of it, is the necessary basis of a just and beneficial Indian policy, and the house should not fail to pass the bill. This breaks up the tribal relation humbug and practically disposes of the Indian question.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

"A PLAT of the proposed extension of the route of Fort Scott & Wichita railroad from this place southwest was filed yesterday with the register of deeds. It seems a little funny, but we guess the Eagle will soon be screaming over the railroad center of the state. With the building of the Wichita & McPherson road such will be the fact." Wichita Eagle.

It seems a little funny, but Winfield is looking considerably in the same direction. With our trunk line from Denver to Memphis, and a connection with the Gould system, Winfield will be the great and only original railroad center in the state.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

"We were prepared to hear the Winfield COURIER of last week speak out in favor of E. S. Torrance as Judge Brewers successor on the bench of the supreme court. There has been considerable of a stir in the corner of the state on this suggestion for some three weeks past. Without expressing a personal opinion, we know that each member of the Sumner county bar would regret to lose Mr. Torrance as their district judge, although their admiration for his many excellent qualities as a man, and their appreciation of his talents as a jurist would cause them to give him an honest and hearty support should he conclude to be a candidate for higher honors." Sumner Co. Press.

The unanimity with which Judge Torrance's name is being received in the Southwest in connection with the associate Justiceship is most gratifying to his many friends here. His eminent fitness for the position, his clean handed record on the bench, and his many excellent qualities as a man and a citizen are recognized and appreciated wherever he is known.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Skipped letter from Mrs. H. P. Mansfield from Charleston, S. C.

She was most critical relative to Negroes.


Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Sedan News.

If the D. M. and A. carries our freight as cheaply as we carried the bonds, it will be correct enough.

Jasper had the splendid privilege of laying eyes on a real, live editor, lately, and that may account for the grand, inspiration tenor of this letter: I refer to Mr. Greer, and a more genial and interesting gentleman I have never met.

Your correspondent made a flying trip to the land of his nativity recently. I mean by that, Cedarvale and Big Cana valley. Everything seems in superlative order among the farmers in that section, which, by the way, verily believe to be the finest in the state. I had the pleasure of meeting several of the most liberal and prosperous men of the county, among others, Mr. Carmichael, Mr. Carny, Messrs. Kemsson, Holroyd, Cox, Cleveland, G. Rollie Dale, and many others.

The narrow gauge cyclone which struck the town last Tuesday night astonished the oldest inhabitants. Anvils were fired along with many other enthusiastic demonstrations until 12 o'clock at night. About that time the young bloods got together and began work on a business plan. They carried in a half dozen out houses and made sections of them, naming them after the most prominent anti-bond men in the county. Then they built a substantial telegraph line, using all the barber poles in town to construct it. Then they carried on about a cord and a half of Gatsbaugh's wood for ties, procured scantling for rails, and constructed a road, to correspond with the telegraph line and station houses, and put all the old carts, wheel barrows, hand wagons, and corn planters on the track that could be procured; the whole display, with all the incidents of a real railroad, extending from in front of the Occidental down east to Bryan's hardware store. This marvelous construction remained intact until the next day noon and was photographed by every artist in town.

If the COURIER will permit me, I want to warn its many readers in Sedan Township against the insidious disposition of a certain man. I mean "Old Man" Tulloss. In point of fiendish ingenuity he beats the devil's time by 900 percent. I made a rash bet with him the other day that I had the solidest girl in the county, and that if any serious misfortune should occur to me, the aforesaid girl would be a victim to hopeless grief in no time. But as "Old Man" Tulloss never takes much for granted, he concluded to test that matter at the earliest possible moment. Meeting the aforesaid girl about 4 o'clock that afternoon, Tulloss said, "Emma, do you know what he was arrested for?" "What who was arrested for?" inquired Emma. "Why Jasper was handcuffed and sent out of town on the hack today." "What was he arrested for?" asked Emma with the greatest unconcern. "Why," said Tulloss, "I believe he was attacked with a fit of insanity." At this, the aforesaid girl, upon whose devotion Jasper had bet so heavily, started quietly off without showing the least sympathy or emotion, and remarked as she left: "No, there can't be any law to arrest a man for insanity, or the town would have been rid of him long ago." "Old Man" Tulloss will get his desserts some day.


Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Oliver of Akron Observes.

That the wheat looks splendid.

That the bulk of the corn is planted.

That George Kelsey has been shaving his head lately.

That W. B. Weimer is at Grand Summit on business.

That M. E. Sunday school elected new officers last Sabbath week.

That J. S. Savage is fencing in 80 acres for pasture land this spring.

That we have days quite frequent that we can get real estate cheap.

That W. F. M. Lacy has hands at work on a stone fence for a hog lot.

That there is considerable sickness throughout the neighborhood this spring.

That Mr. Allen and family, late from Ohio, have located temporarily at Seeley.

That Mr. Thompson has added new goods to his store and is doing a good business.

That if anybody don't like what Oliver writes for the COURIER they can take the loss of it.

That Mrs. James McComming is home from Colorado and will spend the summer at her father's.

That there is a cattle ranch of 320 acresfencedfor sale cheap, if sold soon, inquire of Shivvers and Linn.

That C. F. Baxter has his commodious barn completed and adds greatly to the appearance of his farm.

That three months of leap year has passed and there is nothing to show for it in this neighborhood yet.

BIRTH. That it is a boy and weighs in the neighborhood of 16 pounds and R. B. Pratt's recovery is doubtful.

DIED. That Lewis Dean died very suddenly at Udall last Sabbath and was buried in the Akron cemetery on Monday.

That the person who said that babies of Fairview all weighed nine pounds had better take it back before he gets hit.

That R. P. Burt wants all persons owning lots in the Akron cemetery to set out evergreens and shrubbery thereon.

That the Presbyterians held communion service last Sabbath and preparatory service on Saturday preceding at 3 o'clock p.m.

That Mr. C. Mann represented the Presbyterian Church of this place with Rev. Graham, at Arkansas City last week.

That John Fowler has sold out his interest in Ford Co., Kansas, and has come back to Cowley to stay accompanied by his mother.

That James Defenbaugh, who has been quite sick at Mr. Metzgers for three weeks past, is recovering quite rapidly under the treatment of Dr. Emerson.

That Mr. J. Isnagle was down from Seeley Saturday. He says that little burg is getting a new lumber yard, a new dry goods store, and is showing considerable exuberance.


Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The Republicans of the City of Winfield will meet at the Courthouse this Thursday evening at 7:30 o'clock for the purpose of choosing 13 delegates to the county convention which meets next Saturday.

D. A. MILLINGTON, Com., 1st Ward.

I. W. RANDALL, Com., 2nd Ward.


Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.


We have already heard two objections to the petition for the election to vote aid to the Kansas City and Southwestern railroad company. These are: that the petition does not state definitely that the depot at Winfield shall be within the city limits, and there is no guarantee that it will not fall into the hands of the Santa Fe company.

There was an intention on the part of the company to make the petition cover every point that could be covered, to state clearly every concession made, and to make every concession that they could afford to make that would be demanded, and have the petition perfect if possible so that no stipulations of doubtful utility should be needed. It was to that end that the first meeting at the Brettun House was called and a committee appointed to consult with the company and agree on the terms of the petition, and to that end that the petition, as amended to suit the views of that committee, was submitted to a public meeting at the Courthouse for approval before the petition was printed. Now it was the intention of the company to build the depot within the city limits and to so express it in the petition. If it is not expressed clearly, it is because no one happened to notice it and call attention to it.

If there could have been anything suggested to be included in the petition that would serve as a guarantee that this road should always be a competing road with the Santa Fe, the company would have put it in cheerfully. But there is no way to make such guarantee in a petition of any use. Every interest now connected with it is best served by making it a competing line; the bonds we vote can be delivered to no other company, all the arrangements and negotiations of the company are with Gould and his roads and it seems to be morally certain that this road if built must fall into Gould's hands if it ever falls into any other hands than the builders.

The petition provides that he road shall be built from Kansas City to the south line of Sumner County, in as direct a line as practicable by way of Winfield and in the shortest possible time. It provides that it must be a first class standard gauge road with suitable stations at proper intervals, and that if such road is not built within a year, or at least that part of it between Winfield and the "Frisco" railroad, northeast of here, which is now a Gould road, the bonds voted and the subscription to the stock authorized, shall be void.

We think we never saw a petition expressing more clearly the limitations and conditions of the case and all without one word of the usual stump speech contained in such petitions.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.


The Grocery Firm of Saint & Cleland, the Lucky Possessors,

A Thirty Years' Lease of the Acoma Indian Reservation.

"One of the most important land transactions, which has ever taken place in the Territory, was concluded yesterday, by which Messrs. Saint & Cleland, of this city, became the lessees of the entire Acoma Indian reservation or grant. This reservation is some eighty miles west of Albuquerque on the line of the Atlantic & Pacific railroad and consists of somewhat over 95,700 acres of as fine grazing land as there is west of the Rockies, watered by the San Jose River and several small lakes. The terms of the lease secured to them the sole right and possession to these lands for a term of thirty years. The lands on either side of the grant being very poorly watered, the leasing of the grant practically secures to them the grazing lands for miles around, which will equal as many acres as the grant proper. The lease also secures to them the sole right to work a three-foot vein of coal on the grant, while being so much nearer the city than any other coal field, will, of itself, be worth thousands of dollars to them. In the transaction, in addition to becoming the lessees of this grant, they secure a full title to eight hundred acres of fine land adjoining the grant, through which the San Jose River also runs.

"This is certainly the biggest transaction, so far as the amount and value of the land is concerned, that has taken place in New Mexico for many a month. The gentlemen who have become the fortunate possessors of this property, have not as yet fully decided on the course that will be pursued regarding it, but they are both live, wide-awake businessmen, and our readers will hear from them later.

"The Journal congratulates Messrs. Saint & Cleland on their good luck in securing these lands. A thirty-years' lease is almost as good as owning the lands, and if this lease does not make the gentlemen a princely fortune, it will be their own fault."

We cut the above from the Albuquerque, New Mexico, Journal of April 10. Our Winfield boy, J. Ex-Saint, is the senior of the said firm of Saint & Cleland. He writes his wife, who is now with us, confirming all that the Journal says, and thinks he has a bonanza sure.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.


Interesting Items Gathered from Our Neighboring Exchanges.


The Winfield COURIER appeared this week in its new dress of minion, which improves the looks of the paper wonderfully.

Misses Ella and Lou Wood gave a pleasant party at their home Monday evening in honor of their guest, Miss Green, of Winfield.

Monday, Mr. J. B. Dorsett, living a few miles west of town, killed a rabbit having twenty-one horns. The horns grew out promiscuously from the head and jaws and varied from a half to an inch in length.

Last Monday, N. W. Perry lost a fine yearling calf by hydrophobia. There are hundreds of worthless curs in and around Oxford that should be exterminated before further damage is done, and rid the country at once of a public nuisance.

The city election last Monday resulted as follows: J. M. Buffington, mayor; B. F. Jenkins, police judge; D. W. Cooley, John Carson, Granville Morris, Peter Hass, and T. R. Donley, councilmen. The general feeling in regard to the result is one of satisfaction and we feel confident that our "city dads" will work for the best interest of our little town.


From its appearance we would infer the COURIER has donned a new dress. It looks as smiling and sweet as a sixteen-year-old maiden on a June morning.

James McDermott, of Winfield, was in town yesterday. He was returning from Chautauqua County. He says the Santa Fe will build from Howard, through Grenola, down the Caney Valley to Cedarvale and the Territory line.

T. R. Bryan, of Winfield, was in town this week and subscribed for a dollar's worth of Eyes. His faith in Dexter's future is strong and he expresses himself as pleased with the paper published for the people now on earth.

Tom Richardson, of Wellington, a young fellow who takes an occasional spurt at local work on the Wellington papers, went to Winfield, got on a _____, and then abused the town. Winfield is not forced to depend upon the opinion of such fellows as Richardson for success. She can stand alone.

A Poland China sow belonging to J. A. Bryan, gave birth to 18 pigs a few days since. We'll back old Cowley against the world for a stock country. Affidavits that the above litter of pigs is just as stated can be furnished by several parties in and around Dexter. Beat a record of 18 pigs at one birth if you can.

A gentleman moved to this town a few days ago and brought with him, by rail, several bushels of potatoes all the way from Sumner County. When he got here he asked the price of such potatoes and was told they were worth 50 cents a bushel. "Why," says he, "I was offered 75 cents in Sumner County." Such is life, and that man now eats 75 cent potatoes that are only worth 50 cents.


Capt. Nipp has been absent the greater part of the week at Fort Scott. He went as a delegate from our lodge of Knights of Honor.

This COURIER is out in a new minion dress, and presents a fine appearance. The journal is one of the best county papers of which Kansas can boast.

W. A. Lee, of Winfield, has purchased from T. H. McLaughlin, the corner lot opposite the Farmer's Hotel, and will use the building for an agricultural implement store.

The editor of the Republican spent a portion of Thursday in Winfield. The spirit which greeted him was pleasing. Many of the best citizens expressed the desire that the spirit of jealousy, held by a few of the citizens of each town, might expire, and that each city should work for the interest of the whole country.

Rev. S. B. Fleming has been absent during the week among the Nez Perce Indians, gathering up some very important statistics relative to the restoration of this band of Indians to their home in Idaho. He has been very busy since the meeting of the Presbytery, working day and night in behalf of this greatly injured and oppressed people. Since Rev. Platter's death this work has devolved almost entirely upon him. He was accompanied this week by Rev. J. A. McQuonn, of Mulvane, and Mr. Duncan of this city.


The principal and most successful merchants of Winfield attribute their success to advertising. a glance at the two papers of that city will show how liberally they spread the ink.

The Burden band will play on the streets of the city every Saturday evening, commencing next Saturday. It will be a treat to hear them.

"The local editor of this paper has visited Winfield and will write of the town as though it was an unknown quantity (a resemblance to which it bears) and a place never before visited by the pusher of this pencil." Wellingtonian.

There follows an article so full of ignorance, misrepresentation, bad grammatical construction, and evident malice that it is unfit for publication in the Enterprise. If the editor of the Wellingtonian will in future credit all such articles to "Pro Bono Publico," "Subscriber," "Nux Vomica," or some other member of Ananias' family, the paper will gain a niche in its ascent up the proper flight of ascendency. What we like is truth, and have no respect for a reporter that will write in the style of the Wellingtonian's man.


Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

SMITH & ZOOK have added a large stock of NEW BOOTS AND SHOES to the small old stock, making a good stock of almost ENTIRELY NEW GOODS, of late styles and designs. All the Popular Makes of Boots and Shoes can be found in our stock, and the PRICES ARE LOWER than you will find in other stores. The BEST $3.00 CALF BOOT IN KANSAS IS FOR SALE BY US.

Men's Working Shoes, Men's Fine Shoes, Boys' Kip Boots, Boys' Fine Boots, Boys' Fine Shoes, Women's Common Shoes, Girl's Common Shoes, Child's Common Shoes, Women's Fine Shoes, Girl's Fine Shoes, Child's Fine Shoes, Women's Newports, Girl's Newport Shoes, Child's Newport Shoes, Women's Fine Slippers, Girl's Fine Slippers.


Come to see us when you want Boots or Shoes, for OUR STOCK & PRICES WILL SATISFY YOU.

The old friends and patrons of Smith Bros. are especially requested to call and see us.


Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.


With the fine weather we enjoy a greatly increased trade. The NEW SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS which we have been opening up in our new store for the past week are proving remarkably good sellers. Our many customers who have patronized us in our new quarters, and are Now Wearing Our New Goods, come in to tell us how much their suits are admired and how well they are pleased themselves. To know our customers are so well pleased is a great source of gratitude to us. WE INTEND THIS AS AN INVITATION to inspect our goods, and for you to see the extremely low prices at which we are selling nice, all-wool, dressy suitings and extra pants of all varieties. We are also selling All the Novelties in Young Men's Hats and Stylish Furnishing goods. We close for the present by extending to all of our many friends in this county and out of it an invitation to come in and see us in the BEST AND ONLY WELL-LIGHTED CLOTHING HOUSE in the Statethe only one thoroughly lighted from both ends. This month we are making a run on a line of very dressy suits at $15.00, which we guarantee cannot be produced elsewhere at less than $18.00. Call and be convinced. Yours Truly, J. S. MANN, THE LEADING CLOTHIER.

In new building south of the Banks.


Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

To Whom It May Concern.

BE IT REMEMBERED, That the Board of County Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas, has duly authorized and empowered the following persons to contract for and in the name of Cowley County, in the following manner and for the purposes following, to wit:

For all clothing necessary for the paupers under the care of S. E. Burger and kept at the temporary county poor farm, S. E. Burger is duly authorized to contract for or purchase said clothing aforesaid.

All necessary clothing and bedding for prisoners in the county jail, all jail supplies, fixtures, and repairs, G. H. McIntire, Sheriff of Cowley County, is duly authorized to purchase or contract for same.

All blanks, blank books, stationery, and all other office supplies for county offices, J. S. Hunt is duly authorized to contract for or purchase the same.

And, inasmuch as the Board is being continually annoyed by the presentation of claims against the county that have been contracted for or ordered in behalf of the county by persons without authority to do so, and in order that no injustice may be done in rejecting claims on the county made in good faith, notice is hereby given that from and after this date no claims against Cowley County will be audited or allowed by the Board unless said claims were ordered or contracted by one of the parties aforesaid and for the purposes aforesaid, unless ordered by the Board.

This order must not be construed as in any manner referring to the statutory powers of overseers of the poor in their respective townships and cities.

Done by order of the Board of County Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas.

J. S. HUNT, County Clerk and Clerk of said Board.


Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

RECAP. Sheriff' sale to take place Monday, May 19, 1884, due to order of sale of property...lots 15, 16, 17, 18, block 2 in Dexter...John D. Pryor, Plaintiff, vs. Malinda Clay, William A. Clay, Barclay N. Hockett, Henry G. Hockett, Addison L. Hockett, Casistrana [?] C. Hockett, Myrtile [?] Hockett, Minnie Hockett, Sylvester L. Hockett, and R. R. Turner, defendants.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.


Pure Bred Imported English Draft Stallion, KING OF THE VALLEY (274) will make the season of 1884 at Magnolia Farm, ten miles southeast of Winfield. For terms and pedigree address VERMILYE BROS., Winfield, Kansas.

N. B. The terms to insure a mare with foal by our Jack are ten dollars, and we are not afraid to compare his mule colts with any, of their age, from any Jack in this or adjoining counties.

Pasture and all possible care furnished mares from a distance. V. G.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.


Everybody exclaims, upon viewing our immense new stock of Spring and Summer goods just opened, consisting of all the standards and novelties in DRY GOODS, CARPETS, Trimmings, Corsets, Hosiery, GLOVES, LACES & EDGINGS, HAMBURG AND SWISS EMBROIDERIES, Ladies' and Gent's Furnishing Goods, WHITE GOODS, etc. a specialty. We are going to "wake them up early and keep them up late," and are determined to make our stock as well as prices the


We do not hesitate to mention that our object is to convert our splendid stock into cash, and if you object to paying two prices for things you must have, just drop in and try to comprehend our "drop in prices."

DON'T WAIT ANY LONGER, for the time has come. We bought our spring goods with a view to the demand for reduced prices that we knew would come this season, and we made manufacturers "come down." The bargains we secured for cash are now ready for everybody.

"We Want Your Trade," and shall offer every inducement and devote all our energies to accomplish this end. A glance through our immense stock and a comparison of our phenomenally low prices will convince you that we are the concern you


and that an active trade is always conducted on a small profit plan. Don't allow it to escape your memory that none but special bargains would compare with the extraordinary low prices at which our stock is being sold.


N. B. Mme. Demorest's Reliable Patterns always on hand. Catalogues sent free on application.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

W. A. LEE.

This cut represents Lee's Anti-Friction Rolling Landside attachment as used on Hapgood's Sulky Plow. Call and see it. [ILLUSTRATION UNDERNEATH.]

The Turnbull Wagon

The Turnbull Wagon has black hickory axles, seasoned five years.

Wheels are made of second-growth seasoned white oak, with birch hubs.

Wheels and running gear are boiled in linseed oil.

The spokes have a dovetail shoulder, giving full size of spoke in hubs.

All skeins are set by hydraulic pressure; no wedges used to hold them in.

The king bolt has no head to wear a hole in the bottom of the bed.

The skein is a new patent with a shoulder, large enough to take in the whole end of axle.

The last coat of paint on the bed is mixed with glue and will not peel off by exposure to the sun.

With a flint casting skein, no wagon runs lighter.

If you want a wagon, do yourself the justice to ask those who have these wagons what they are, and do not fail to see them. W. A. LEE.


Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Eggs 10 cents, Butter 20 cents, chickens, live, 6 cents per lb. or $3.00 to $5.00 per dozen, turkeys 10 cents per lb. or $12.00 to $24.00 per dozen. Potatoes 50 cents; Hogs $5.00 to $5.25 per cwt.; Corn 30 cents per bushel, and wheat 85 cents.


Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Miss Jessie Millington spent part of last week with friends in Sedan.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The "Tennesseeans" at the Opera House on Friday evening, April 18th.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Fire Company Number One has received its uniforms and is ready to make a fine show on dress parade.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Mrs. Samuel Cox, nee Miss Etta Stout, arrived from Missouri Saturday and will visit with her parents and friends.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The lecture in the Baptist Church by Rev. Dr. C. C. Foote has been postponed till Monday evening, April 28, 1884.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Miss Ida McDonald, after spending the winter in Virginia, is again at home, much to the delight of her many friends.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Mrs. W. H. Palmer and daughter, Miss Lizzie, of Cambridge, spent last week in Winfield visiting relatives and friends.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Roy Stidger, formerly a salesman with McDonald & Miner, came in from Virginia last week and spent a few days with friends.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Corn brought forty-five cents per bushel in Wichita last week, owing to a freight war between the railroads centering there.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

To Rent. Two nice furnished rooms pleasant and quiet, three minutes walk from Post Office or Brettun House. Mrs. M. A. Tucker.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Eli Youngheim reached Europe Saturday, after a nine days ride on the ocean, and soon will be enjoying the sights in his native land.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

There was a report circulated that Sylvester Allison's Norman Percheron horse was dead. This is not a fact. The horse is and has been all right.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Frank Berkey came in from Kingman Saturday and stayed over Sunday with relatives. He reports that burg booming though not so jubilant as formerly over its railroad prospects.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Mrs. Haggart, though quiet, modest, and imaginary, is a giant in intellect, rightly named the Daniel Webster of the age. LaFayette Journal. Hear her at the Opera House, Winfield, on next Thursday evening.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The Variety Store kept by F. V. Rowland, is no toy shop, but is filled to overflowing with goods of every day necessity that have genuine merits. This is beyond a doubt the best house of its kind in Cowley Co. Strictly Bargains.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Prof. C. T. Atkinson, editor of the Arkansas City Republican, was in the city last Thursday and favored us with a call. The Professor is turning out a very neat and newsy paper and is receiving a liberal patronage from the citizens of the Terminus.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Mr. W. D. Roberts had a letter last week from his sister in Indiana in which she says it was snowing and only a few farmers had commenced to plow for oats. Quite a contrast to bright and Sunny Kansas, where the oats, grass, etc., are green and luxuriant, and many farmers have their corn all planted.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The young ladies and gentlemen of the city are meeting with very good success in their effort to establish a public reading room. a meeting was held in the rooms over Wallis & Wallis grocery store on Monday evening at which a constitution and by-laws for the Winfield Reading Room Association were adopted and committees appointed to interview our businessmen and others to gain their substantial encouragement. Many books and periodicals with some furniture for the rooms are already contributed. The membership fee of the Association is one dollar, with a quarterly assessment of fifty cents. Nothing is so much needed in Winfield as a public reading rooma place where strangers, or any who may desire, can spend their odd minutes in a pleasant room reading the latest and choicest literature of the day. We feel sure that our enterprising citizens will give the young folks such support as will put this new association on a firm footing.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

BIRTH. Last Friday was truly "Good Friday" to Mr. J. H. Land of this city. It almost overwhelmed him with new and good things and showed up the productiveness of grand old Cowley in all its glory. On that day a bouncing new boy made an appearance at his house, the old mare brought in a fine colt, his cow had twin calves, a sow had ten pigs, ten pups made their advent, the old cat took the biscuit with ten kittens, and, in order to keep ahead of the procession and get the early worm, the speckled hen hatched out sixteen chickens. Talk about productiveness! If any man can show a better increase for one day, let him trot out and produce his credentials. This looks a little incredible, but the whole outfit are living and doing well and Mr. Land can show up everyone of the "newcomers."

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The Fair Association have sowed several different kinds of tame grasses on the fair grounds, some in the fall and some this spring, for the purpose of practically experimenting on the tame grass question. The actual results of the different times and processes of sowing will be fully apparent by fair time. The association has also made an appropriation for trees and shrubs to be purchased and set out under the direction of the county Horticultural Society. Complete records of the methods and means employed in beautifying the grounds will be kept for the benefit of citizens of the county who desire to profit by the experiment.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Tuesday evening the representatives of the proposed standard gauge railroad met the people of Walnut Township, at Olive schoolhouse and submitted a township proposition to take twelve thousand dollars of stock in the road. After a discussion of the proposition and the submission and acceptance by the company of several amendments, a committee was appointed to meet with the attorney of the Company, incorporate the amendments in the proposition, and circulate the petitions. The sentiment of the meeting seemed to be decidedly in favor of encouraging a competing line.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The "Winfield Reds," our new, baseball club, have commenced practice in earnest and will soon be able to eclipse anything in the southwest. The following persons compose the club: E. W. Ellsworth, pitcher; Con. Donavan, catcher; A. D. Lycan, 1st base; L. E. Back, captain, 2nd base; L. Martin, 3rd base; C. Anson, short stop; L. Moore, right field; G. Reed, left field; Frank Crampton, center field.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Mrs. Haggart's address was a complete success. Her style is original and masterful, her diction polished and perfect, and her manner dignified and natural. Eminent men who have had years of training in oratory, fall far behind her. The great audience gave her the most profound attention, broken only by hearty applause. Woman's Journal.

She lectures in the Opera House, Winfield, on Thursday evening next.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

BIRTH. J. B. Lynn is always getting something new. The novelty of his elevated railway cash system had hardly worn off before he got a new girl. She is young, only born last Thursday, but is of that lively disposition which just suits J. B., and he anticipates a picnic in scrambling for the paregoric bottle in the midnight darkness.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The Blind Boone entertainment Saturday night drew a good house and the Juvenile Band's share of the proceeds considerably replenished its treasury. If Boone could tone down the excessive movement of his body while playing, it would greatly enhance the pleasure of his concerts. He is certainly a musical prodigy.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Senator Hackney has set rows of catalpa trees around the three sides of his half block opposite the Courthouse and has them well protected with boxing. Our people seem to be taking especial pains in setting shade trees this spring. Hundreds of them are being put out on almost every street.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Mr. Johnathan Stretch, one of the substantial men Cowley has recently drawn from the old Hoosier State, called one day last week in company with Mr. A. B. Arment. He has lately bought the Irve Randall property on 9th Avenue and is making other investments in our city.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Mr. Geo. Stevens, of Pleasant Hill, Missouri, a cousin of Geo. Headrick, with another gentleman from the same place, arrived Tuesday night and will probably locate in Cowley. Mr. Headrick took them over to see the Saratoga of the West, Wednesday.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The "jug breaking" by the Presbyterian Sunday school at the church Tuesday evening was a very unique affair. Money to the amount of $56.32 was taken from the jugs. Some of the little ones had done remarkably well in collecting the nickels and pennies.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

DIED. From Mr. A. B. Arment, undertaker, we learn of the death last week of Everette, a fourteen months old son of Mr. and Mrs. Wilson, of Dexter; also the death of Millie, a ten months old daughter of A. C. and Hester Moore of this city.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Mr. S. B. Davis, who has been in charge of G. B. Shaw & Co.'s lumber yards at Elk City for a few months past, has returned to Winfield, and will again have charge of the firm's grain business in Winfield.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Marshal Herrod is showing commendable energy in having the small stones and other rubbish removed from the streets. The cleanly appearance of our city is getting to be a very noticeable feature.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Miss Celina Bliss closed her school at the "Victor," three miles south of town, last Friday, with a big dinner and a general good time. County Supt. Limerick and other visitors were present.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Dr. A. S. Capper, formerly of Udall, has returned from Cincinnati, bought residence property in Winfield, and will again reside in Cowley. He is one of the oldest settlers of the county.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The Rt. Rev. Thos. H. Vail, Bishop of Kansas, will be in this place on the 25th inst., and hold confirmation service in the Courthouse on the evening of that day.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Mr. W. L. Webb has left the grocery business and gone to his first love, the surveying profession. He is assisting County Surveyor Haight.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Harris & Willson [?Wilson?] have recently put in a new safe, repainted their real estate office, and now have very neat and convenient quarters.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Cal Ferguson went up to Wichita Tuesday to purchase several driving teams for his livery barn.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.



A Third Competing Line to be Built At Once.

On Monday evening a large meeting was held in the Courthouse for the purpose of receiving and discussing the new railroad proposition. The meeting organized by placing Mayor Emerson in the chair with Geo. H. Buckman as secretary. Henry E. Asp then read the proposition as decided upon in a conference between the representatives of the railroad company and the railroad committee. After the reading of the proposition, Mr. James N. Young, of Chicago, representing the company, was introduced and stated that the company were now ready to build the road, and desired to do so with as little delay as possible. That their intention was to build from a connection with the St. Louis & San Francisco, north or northeast from Winfield, to the south line of Sumner County, during the coming summer, and that the company desired an expression from the citizens as to whether they wanted the road or not, and would aid it, at once, so that the final location of the line might be decided upon.

Senator Hackney was then called out and made a ringing speech in favor of the proposition and urged all to take hold with a will and secure it while they had the opportunity. Ex-Mayor Troup also spoke strongly in favor of securing the road at all hazards, as did Mr. Black, of the Telegram, and Judge T. H. Soward. a vote was then taken on the proposition, and almost every person in the house voted the affirmative. a committee of five, consisting of Geo. H. Rembaugh, Henry E. Asp, George. H. Buckman, Geo. H. Crippen, and Ed. P. Greer, was appointed to secure the necessary amount of names to the petitions. The meeting was one of the largest ever held in the city and enthusiastic and united on the railroad question.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The Narrow Gauge.

The election for voting one hundred thousand dollar bonds to the Narrow Gauge in Chautauqua County carried last week by 362 majority. During the latter part of the week, the Board of Directors of the company met at Joplin and arranged for the immediate prosecution of the work. The construction engines and cars are being built and the surveyors are in the field and will soon pass through this county. The Narrow Gauge engines will be whistling through Winfield before a new year dawns upon us. The road from the northeast will also be built during the year, if the aid is voted along the line, which it certainly will be. Everything points to the grandest boom for Winfield that any town in Kansas has ever seen. "We're coming, Father Abraham," and the rural cities might as well quit kicking and move over.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Why Our Fair is a Success.

Cowley County had an immense crowd at its fair last year. Why? Because they advertised it thoroughly all the summer previous. Sumner Co. Press.

The success of Cowley's fair is due to the fact that in every neighborhood the active, energetic farmers take a lively personal interest in its welfare. It is their money which has purchased the grounds and improved them and they control the organization. It is a farmer's organization, but run on business principles. Its effect is already largely felt on our Agricultural and Live Stock interests and its future success is assured by the hearty cooperation of the whole people.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Judge E. S. Torrance, of Winfield, is well and favorably known to many in Harper, particularly, those who have had to do with law and courts. He has been District Judge four years and in active practice of law several years previously. At all times and places he has exhibited marked ability, candor, and justice, which have made him deservedly popular with the bar and the constituency. May 20th, the District Convention meets at Winfield and Torrance will beyond doubt be renominated without opposition. But there are those who wish to call him higher. There will be a vacancy upon the Supreme Bench to fill this fall and there are those who think southern Kansas ought to fill it, those who think Judge Torrance is eminently qualified, and deserves the position. The Sentinel is one who thinks so and hopes in due time to record his nomination and election. Harper Sentinel.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Mr. John A. Eaton, of Bucyrus, Ohio, an old friend of Mr. O. C. Ewart of the Farmers Bank and one of the principal attorneys and Democrats of the Buckeye state, in company with the latter gentleman, made us a very pleasant call on Tuesday evening. He is one of the bright and well-informed men with whom it is always a pleasure to meet. His law partner is Adjutant General of Ohio. He is making Mr. Ewart a few days' visit and is highly delighted with Winfield and Cowley County.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Notice. There will be a Republican primary election of the citizens of Walnut Township on Friday, April 18th, 1884, at 2 p.m., at the stone house of Frank Manny, for the purpose of electing delegates to the county convention to be held in Winfield on the 19th day of April. By order of committee.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The Fairview Republican Township primary will be held on this (Thursday) evening at the Akron schoolhouse at 6 o'clock, for the purpose of electing delegates to attend the County convention at Winfield on the 19th inst. J. L. Foster, Chairman Township Cen. Com.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The Rev. Wm. Brittain will preach next Sunday morning on "Confirmation." In the evening his subject will be "The immortality of the soul." Episcopal service in the courthouse, both morning and evening at usual hour.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Mrs. Mary Haggart, of Indianapolis, will deliver the third lecture in the course of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union on next Thursday evening at the Opera House. Tickets will be on sale at Brown & Son's drug store.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

P. H. Albright personally controls at the present time over $400,000 and is the party to borrow of, as he can accept payment of a mortgage at any timeeven the next day after it is made.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

MARRIED. We have just learned that Ed. Bourdette was married two or three weeks ago. He was too bashful to let our reporter know anything about it until forced to make the confession.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Limbocker & Albright will take pleasure in showing strangers both county and city property which they have on their book to sell, and they have the best in the market.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The Brettun is running over with guests every night. Landlords Harter and Hill are making the house deservedly popular with the boys on the road.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Cowley people seem to be opening up a great many county roads this spring. County Surveyor Haight has sixteen to survey this quarter.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

S. G. Gary has bought a half interest in the livery barn of Billy Hands. The building has been enlarged and more stock put in.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Real estate is booming. W. L. Mullen has sold twenty-thousand dollars worth of farm and city property since the first of April.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Mr. Herbert Willson, recently from Kentucky, bought the Farmers bank building last Saturday of C. C. Harris for $4,900.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

There will be a basket social at the Presbyterian Church on the evening of the 24th of April.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The Cupola of the Presbyterian Church is being repainted.


Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Commissioners' Proceedings.

The Board of County Commissioners were in session last week and a part of this, and ground out an unusual amount of business.

The town site of Tisdale was vacated, and that once expectant burg converted into common country.

Charles Phenis, of Windsor Township, was allowed a constitutional exemption and all personal property tax for 1883 was remitted.

Viewers report in the James H. Pulliam county road adopted and damages allowed L. N. Guthrie, $75, and P. H. Robinson, $5.

A part of petition for R. H. Riggs Co. road was granted. No damages claimed or allowed.

Geo. Mayes of Windsor Township allowed constitutional exemption and personal property tax for 1883 remitted.

Viewers' report in C. D. Soule Co. road adopted and $25 damages allowed Peter Theis; also report on Thomas Youle road and damages allowed Thomas Youle, $35; J. B. Corson, $25; and G. W. Mentch, $25.

Report adopted on John M. Reynolds road, no damages; on W. B. Gallows road, with no damages; on Frederick Myers road, and on road of Isaac Fitzpatrick, no damages.

Exemption of $200 allowed Marshal Dunbar, of Winfield, for tax of 1883 and $8.60 remitted on same.

Hearing of application of Justice Hollister for damages in the D. W. Pierce Co. road was set for July 2nd.

View and survey ordered on S. G. Castor Co. road, in Liberty Township, and John Moore, John Wallace, and D. P. Wagoner appointed viewers; also on vacation of John Ireton Co. road; and Hartzell H. Martin, Frank Werden, and P. B. Lee appointed viewers.

Tax for 1883 against O. F. Godfrey, of Arkansas City, remitted on $345 of valuation.

On S. R. Taylor Co. road, Chas. McClung, Marshal Allen, and D. S. Smith were appointed viewers.

On W. S. Rigden road, John Maurer, Wm. Reynolds, and W. W. Underwood appointed viewers.

On Isaac Winters' road in Windsor Township, R. O. Hamill, Phillip Ross, and Yates Smith appointed viewers.

On W. J. Fountain road, John C. Hamill, J. S. Mohler, and A. B. Booth appointed viewers.

Viewers report on A. H. Green Co. road was adopted and damages allowed Jos. Moraine, $40; heirs of Henry Zoller, $60; and S. H. Sparks, $20.

Petition of M. M. Mull for section line road granted and road ordered opened.

J. M. Harcourt, W. H. Grow, and G. H. Williams appointed viewers on C. H. Mobry Co. road.

H. C. McDorman, Burt Euright [?Enright?], and R. Hite appointed viewers on J. A. Elliott road.

Alex Busey, L. Black, and J. M. Bowman appointed to view G. H. Shearer Co. road.

Jas. Shaw, J. W. Tull, and Henry Wilkins appointed viewers on E. James road.

S. W. Chase, H. McKibbon, and J. H. Sparrow made viewers in Adam Weimer Co. road.

In the matter of appeal of district 89, from action of Co. Supt., after a thorough ventilation of the matter, the district was divided as follows, all parties concurring: The line to run through the center of the west half of Sec. 5, all in Township 35, range 4 east, until it intersects with the Walnut River, the division line of said district.

Section line road of J. J. Hawkins, Liberty Township, ordered opened.

On Z. B. Myers Co. road, H. Harbaugh, Sam'l Watt, and W. H. H. Teter were appointed viewers.

On David Tonkinson Co. road, Geo. W. Yount, John Mentch, and Wm. Davie were appointed viewers.

On M. L. Robinson road, A. H. Jennings, J. S. Hunt, and Jacob T. Hackney were appointed viewers.

On E. R. Moffett road, Chas. McClung, Marshal Allen, and J. W. Millspaugh were appointed viewers.

On E. B. Stow Co. road, Geo. Gardenhire, Steven Miner, and M. K. Hull were appointed viewers.

On H. J. Sanford road, Louis Stevens, N. J. Larkin, and J. R. Cottingham were appointed viewers.

Section roads of Wm. Mercer and David Shaw ordered opened.

Board took out an insurance policy of $2,500 in the American Central Insurance Company on County buildings, to run three years; also one for same time and amount with Phenix Insurance Company.

Bid of S. B. Park of $30 for medical attendance on prisoners for balance of year accepted.

Road petition of M. Ingraham and E. Johnson rejected.

Alleys in blocks 189 and 250, in Winfield, were vacated.

Personal property tax of Arther Smith of Bolton Township for 1883 remitted on $300 of valuation.

H. L. Wells personal property tax for 1883 also remitted on $150 of valuation.

Paid up Co. warrants received from County Treasurer to amount of $8,533.25 and County fund credited.


Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.


MAGNOLIA FARM, April 11th, 1884.

Messrs. Shivvers & Linn, Winfield:

DEAR SIRS: I have received from the Home Insurance Co. of New York, Four Hundred and Fifty Dollars in payment of damage done to my shed by wind storm of March 27th, the shed being a part of the property insured in your office March 22nd. The promptness and liberality of the home Co. in settling my loss is very satisfactory, and I congratulate you on representing so reliable a company. Yours Respectfully, ARTHUR H. GREENE.


Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Some men are at present traveling around over Cowley County selling dry goods of one kind and another and claiming to represent some great million dollar concern in the east. They sell the shoddiest kind of goods at high prices and take bankable notes, running ninety days, from the purchasers, and it seems that a number of our farmers have been gulled. Their mission is to swindle, and everybody having anything to do with them gets "stuck." Farmers, be on your guard and give such visitors a cold shoulder. You can get the best of goods at low prices, with a large stock to select from, of any home merchant on twice ninety days time, by giving your noteif you need time at all, which is very unlikely, and you thus do something to maintain institutions which are of us and a part of us. These swindlers get double prices, get you to sign ambiguous notes, and discount the notes at the bank and skip the county.


Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

The evening train on the Santa Fe Wednesday, the 9th inst., ran over a culvert partially burned out by a prairie fire. No accident, but the passengers in the caboose were considerably shaken up.


Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Mr. J. M. Prince, who has been connected with the Caton Marble Works for some time past, left this week for South Haven, where he will take up the practice of medicine.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

Public Sale. I will sell at public auction to the highest bidder, at my place, in Howland's Addition, three blocks south of Senator Hackney's, Winfield, on Tuesday, April 22, 1884, commencing at 10 o'clock a.m., the following described property: a large quantity of nearly new furniture, consisting of bedsteads, bureaus, washstands, tables, chairs, bed-springs, mattresses, kitchen furniture, queensware, castors, etc. Also a fine lot of chickens, turkeys, and two fine brood sows. These goods will be sold for cash. Francis J. Kieb.

Walter Denning, Auctioneer.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

RECAP: Sheriff's sale May 19, 1884. Mahala T. Covert, Plaintiff, against Enoch G. Willett, Mary E. Willett, William Willett, John Willett, George Willett, and Benjamin F. Willett, square acre of land in the Southeast corner of the north half of the southwest quarter of section No. 17 in township No. 31 south of range 4 east.


Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.


Shop on Eighth Avenue, east of the Telegram office.

All classes of iron work done in first-class shape at most reasonable prices.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.


Will stand at B. M. Rupp's farm, 3 miles west of Winfield. Terms low.

Winfield Courier, April 17, 1884.

RECAP. Notice given that Charles C. Hammond was appointed March 29, 1884, as administrator of the estate of Jabez D. Hammond, deceased.


Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

We understand that the Wichita Eagle is preparing to issue a daily paper, with associate press dispatches and all the modern appliances.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Kansas is 208½ miles wide north and south, 404 miles east and west, and contains 81,318 square miles. The elevation above the level of the sea at Wyandotte, on the east line of the state, is 649 feet; at Monotony, 375 miles west of Wyandotte, the elevation is 3,676 feet, thus giving a declivity from west to east of over 8½ feet to the mile.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The Pike's Peak railroad will be finished this season and will surpass anything of the kind in the world. The present terminus is 12,000 feet or over above sea level. The entire 30 miles of its length will be a success of complicated curves and grades, with no piece of straight track longer than 300 feet. The maximum grade will be 316 feet to the mile, and the average grade 270 feet.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Mr. Turner of Kentucky, informed the house on Monday that bond holders and millionaires had paid no tax on incomes for over twenty years, and he therefore introduced a bill to equalize taxation by enacting that an income tax of 3 percent on incomes over $5,000, 5 percent on incomes over $10,000, and 10 percent on incomes over $100,000, shall be levied and collected. It will be noticed that Mr. Turner just misses taking in a congressman's salary, but he reached for a 10 percent share of the income of newspaper editors.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Here is an interesting fact for those who do not believe in the economy of prohibition. In 1882, while only four cents per inhabitant were collected on the manufacture and sale of alcoholic stimulants in Maine, one dollar and forty cents per inhabitant were collected in the United States at large. The Tobacco tax of Maine is but seventeen cents per capita, while the general average of the country at large is one dollar.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The following petit jurors have been drawn to serve for the May term of court which convenes the first Tuesday in May: J. W. Browning, Beaver; H. J. Donnelly, Bolton; J. R. Perry, Creswell; Milton Houston, Beaver; William Mercer, Bolton; Sam'l C. Kelley, Cedar; Jonas Leedy, Windsor; George Russell, Creswell; R. R. Longshore, Sheridan; J. W. Aley, Otter; T. J. Anderson, Bolton; J. R. Russell, Omnia.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

A colored man in the southeast part of this county, with a small pony team, raised three bales of cotton, which netted him $111; besides this, he cultivated five acres in corn, potatoes, etc., and raised enough to supply the wants of his family. One of his neighbors, who had no team, grubbed out three acres of land, by hand, and raised one and a half bales of cotton, besides corn and garden truck. "We 'ain't a gwine to starve boss, no sah, by no means,"and we'll bet they don't. Sedan Times.


Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The bill introduced by Mr. Anderson in the House for the adjustment of land grants made by Congress in aid of the construction of railway provides that the Secretary of the Interior shall adjust the grants to the Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston and Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroads upon the principles of the decisions rendered by the United States Supreme Court. If upon adjustment it shall be found that lands have been certified to the companies in excess of the amount they are lawfully entitled, the sales shall be void. Innocent purchasers, however, shall have the prior right of homestead, or preemption, and if they have exhausted the rights of homestead, or preemption, then shall have the right to purchase the lands from the government and recover from the company the amount paid it upon the same principles of adjustment. The Secretary of the Interior is authorized to adjust the grants of land made the Kansas Pacific, Missouri, Kansas & Texas, and St. Joseph and Denver City railroads. No more lands will be patented to any of the above roads until the grants are adjusted. If any road mentioned in the bill is not completed within the time and upon the terms of the grant, all lands granted it which have not been certified or patented should revert to the United States and be open to settlement the same as other public lands. The Secretary is authorized to adjust all grants in aid of the construction of roads in any states or territories upon the same terms and conditions provided by the bill.


Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Competition in freights resulting from the multiplication of railroads and the reduced cost of rails as well as of other material, are the main factors in the very gratifying reduction of grain freights which has taken place since 1868. In that year the charge of carrying wheat from Chicago to New York City was by lake and canal 25.3 cents, and by all rail 42.6 cents per bushel. In 1884 by lake and canal it is 9 cents only, and by all rail 17 cents. How important a part the introduction of the Bessemer process of making steel rails has proved, may be estimated from the following statement recently made by Senator Platt of Connecticut in his speech upon patents.

"In 1868 the average price of steel rails was $165 per ton. The price since the commencement of 1884 is $34 per ton. The production of steel rails in 1883 was 1,295,740 tons. The same quantity made in 1868 would have cost more than the cost in 1884 by $168,446,200. But when we have thus considered the saving in the cost of production, we have just begun to consider the saving effected by this process. The entire transportation question of the country has been affected by it. The life of a Bessemer steel rail is double the life of an iron rail; it is more than double, and it is capable of very much harder usage."

The most singular feature of the reduction in freight charges is that of lake and canal transportation, from 25.3 to 9 cents per bushel. There have of course been no such changes in the method or cost of water transportation as to enable it to be carried on for so much less than in 1868. Elevators have no doubt been improved, but ships and boats must cost as much now as then. The railroad competition has forced water rates down. The Erie canal has been relieved of tolls as the only way of maintaining it as a competitor with the all rail route. It is of course, competition, not legal enactments, which has effected the freight reductions noted, without which the western states could not have become the wheat granary of the world.


Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.


Our present tariff law imposes the following duties on the following articles, expressly for the protection and financial benefit of the farmer.

Wheat, 20 cents per bushel.

Corn, 10 cents per bushel.

Oats, 10 cents per bushel.

Rye, 15 cents per bushel.

Barley, 15 cents per bushel.

Butter, 4 cents per pound.

Cheese, 4 cents per pound.

Poultry, 10 percent on value.

Peas, 10 to 20 percent on value.

Tobacco, leaf, 35 cents per pound on stemmed, and manufactured tobacco 50 percent and twenty-four cents per pound.

Sugar, 2 to 5 cents per pound.

Rice, 2½ cents per pound (to protect the Southern farmer).

Wool, 10 to 12 cents per pound, and 10 percent on value.

Hay, twenty percent on value.

On horses, cows, bulls, oxen, steers, calves, sheep, goats, lambs, hogs, and pigs, 20 percent on value.

If for breeding purposes (to benefit farmers), they are admitted free.

Beef, 1 cent per pound.

Pork, 1 cent per pound.

Mutton, 10 percent on value.


Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The Republican convention of Cowley County met according to call at the Opera House in Winfield on Saturday, April 19, 1884, at 11 o'clock a.m.

I. H. Bonsall was chosen temporary chairman and T. J. Rude secretary. On motion the chair appointed the following committees.

On credentials: Z. Carlisle, S. Cure, L. B. Stone.

On permanent organization and Order of Business: E. A. Henthorn, J. D. Guthrie, A. P. Johnson.

On Resolutions: D. A. Millington, C. T. Atkinson, H. D. Gans, M. G. Troup, T. H. Soward.

Adjourned to 1 o'clock p.m.

Met according to adjournment. Committee on credentials reported as follows.


Creswell Township: C. T. Atkinson, J. W. W________, F. P. Schiffbauer, I. H. Bonsall,

W. D. Mowry, A. A. Wiley, G. W. Ramage, A. B. Sankey, R. T. Marshall, C. L. Swarts.

Beaver: J. R. [?] Sumpter, H. W. Marsh, Jno. Green.

Bolton: J. D. Guthrie, W. M. Trimble, D. P. Marshall, Z. Carlisle, Allen Mowry.

Dexter: J. H. Serviss, A. B. Elliot, C. A. Peabody, Simons. [??Simmons??].

Fairview: M. C. Headrick, W. B. Wimer [?Weimer?], Wm. White, A. Howard.

Liberty: J. Fisher, J. D. Mounts.

Otter: J. B. Graves, R. R. Turner, J. P. Hosmer.

Pleasant Valley: S. Johnson, S. Nawman, F. Brown, H. Harbaugh.

Richland: J. W. Weimer, A. Stuber, Jno. Sargent, S. W. Phenix.

Rock: S. P. Strong, E. J. Wilber, H. L. Hornaday.

Sheridan: E. Shriver, J. M. May, O. Shriver.

Silver Creek: E. A. Henthorn, W. C. May, T. J. Rood, P. D. Lake.

Tisdale: H. McKibbin, W. R. Bradly, S. W. Chase.

Vernon: P. B. Lee, J. W. Millspaugh, E. B. Gault, Oscar Wooley, J. B. Evans.

Walnut: E. M. Reynolds, S. Cure, J. O. Mack, D. C. Beach, Jno. Mentch.

Windsor: S. B. Sherman, R. F. Roberts, J. C. Hendrickson, W. L. Koons.

Winfield: A. P. Johnson, H. G. Norton, M. G. Troup, A. H. Jennings, J. W. Crane, W. R. McDonald, H. D. Gans, T. H. Soward, C. Trump, H. L. Wells, I. W. Randall, L. B. Stone,

D. A. Millington.

Report Adopted.

Committee on Permanent Organization and order of business reported as follows.

For Permanent Chairman: I. H. Bonsall.

For Permanent Secretary: T. J. Rude.

For Assistant Secretary: D. C. Beach.


1. Election of 6 delegates to Congressional Convention to be held at Cherryvale April 24, 1884.

2. Election of 6 delegates to State Convention at Topeka April 24, 1884.

3. Election of 6 delegates to Judicial Convention at Winfield May 20, 1884.

4. Your committee recommend that each delegate select his own alternate.

5. Report of committee on Resolutions, al of which is respectfully submitted.

Report Adopted.

The following were elected delegates to the Cherryvale Convention: S. Cure, E. A. Henthorn, A. D. Stuber, R. R. Turner, C. L. Swarts.

The delegates to the State Convention were elected as follows.

H. McKibben, Z. Carlisle, O. Wooley, O. Shriver, J. B. Nipp, T. H. Soward.

The following were elected delegates to the Judicial convention:

M. S. Teter. S. W. Chase, Geo. L. Gale, P. B. Lee, M. G. Troup, Prof. C. T. Atkinson.

Committee on Resolutions reported as follows.

The Republicans of Cowley County, Kansas, in delegate convention assembled, hereby exhibit a lot of ten planks which they desire should be used in the construction of the national platform this year.

1. Adherence to the principles of the Republican party as established by its action for twenty-five years, most of which have become accomplished facts and are now accepted by all parties.

2. The mission of this party is not accomplished because of the success of the principles on which it was first organized; but it is a party of progress and youthful vigor, capable of grasping all new issues, as they arise, and of settling them in the interest of the whole people.

3. A Tariff for Protection and revenue. All the productions of this country should be protected against the competition of foreign cheap labor, and tariff duties should be raised whenever insufficient to that end.

4. The restoration of the tariff of 1867 on wool.

5. National control of railroads and other corporations, to the prevention of unjust charges and discriminations.

6. A postal telegraph and telephone system owned by the government.

7. The continuance and perfection of the Civil service reform.

8. National protection of the ballot box at all elections for congress and presidential electors.

9. Placing on the pension rolls of the government the names of the heroes of this nation who languished in the rebel prisons during the war and are entitled to the sympathy of every loyal heart.

10. Endorsing the wise, clean, and judicious administration of President Chester A. Arthur.

11. We endorse the action of the congressional committee of this district, in calling the Republican congressional convention at Cherryvale on the 24th of April 1884.

12. We most cordially endorse our congressman R. W. Perkins for his opposition to the outrage perpetrated upon the loyal soldiers of this nation by the Democratic congress in the passage of the Fitz John Porter bill.

13. We hereby instructed the delegates of this county to the Cherryvale convention, to cast the votes of the delegates for Hon. R. W. Perkins for his nomination as congressman of this district, first, last, and all the time.

14. We most cordially commend and endorse the acts and conduct of the Hon. E. S. Torrance as judge of the 13th Judicial district and we do hereby instruct the delegates to the judicial convention this day chosen by this convention to vote for and in every honorable way to work for his re-nomination to the honorable position he now holds.

15. We favor for presidential nominee the best man who can win. It looks to us as though James G. Blaine would prove to be that man.

Adopted unanimously.

The convention also adopted the following additional resolutions.

1. The delegates to the state and congressional convention are instructed to vote only for such delegates to the national Republican convention as are in favor of the nomination of James G. Blaine for president.

2. That the delegation to Cherryvale is instructed to vote for and support Hon. W. P. Hackney as a delegate to the Chicago convention.

Convention adjourned.


Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Gen. John C. Fremont has almost passed from public sight, and yet there are but few men more deserving of kindly recollection by the country at large. Old age has come upon him and he is also poor. So bills have been introduced to restore him to his old rank of Major General, and place him on the retired list.

He was a graduate of West Point and a young lieutenant in the army when he ran away with Jessie Benton and married her, much against the will and wishes of the Great Missouri Senator, Thomas H. Benton, her father, and his family. Benton got him a position as leader of an exploring expedition to the West and his success in his discoveries and explorations between the Rocky mountains and the Pacific cost made him famous.

He was in 1856 the first candidate for president, of the then infant Republican party, and though beaten in the contest, it opened the way for Republican success ever since. His prominence made him a leading general when the war broke out, but his fame and greatness as an explorer did not make him an able general. One of the greatest mistakes of the war was the appointment of Fremont to supersede Gen. Lyon in the command of the Missouri just on the eve of the battle of Wilson's Creek. He took a scare and commanded two regiments, which were marching to support Lyon at Wilson's Creek, to return at once and protect St. Louis. The result was that Lyon had to fight the battle against such desperate odds that he sacrificed himself to save his army. Had the appointment of Fremont been delayed two days longer, the rebels in the southwest would have suffered a crushing defeat, Lyon would have been saved, the brightest and ablest general we then had, the war would have cost immensely less in blood and treasure, and Lyon would probably have led Grant as the chief hero of the war.

Fremont was not a great man, but his wife was a very able woman and by her stimulus and management, gave him what of greatness he exhibited. But he was a patriot and did his best for his country, and we hope he will be retired on an ample payroll as is contemplated.


Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The mention of the name of E. C. Torrance, Judge of this district, as a fit person for the Republican nomination for Judge of the supreme court in place of Brewer, sends a throb of judicial pride through the soul of law-abiding citizens throughout this section of Kansas. Judge Torrance may not receive the nomination by the state convention for this exalted position, but one thing sure, there is not a higher minded, nobler, or better qualified man in Kansas for the place. Though young in years, the Judge is old in experience as an attorney and jurist, and should he be elected, he will carry to the supreme bench as much genuine dignity and honor as has ever been confided to any one man in the state of Kansas. During his occupancy of the judicial bench in this district, neither his integrity, or the honesty of his decisions have been questioned, and it is safe to say, that while they may feel reluctant to lose him from the bench here, every attorney and every other gentleman who favors a pure judiciary will be enthusiastic for his nomination on the state ticket. Howard Grip.


Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.


Cattle are doing fine on the range at present.

The Rev. Warren preached here last Sunday night.

G. W. Rowe has gone to Blue Springs, Missouri, on business.

Mrs. Ramage has been visiting Cambridge the past week.

Miss Hattie Utley is again instructing the youths of our vicinity.

Spring has come at last and the farmers are almost through planting corn.

Mr. Chandler, of Otter Creek, sold two carloads of fat cattle Thursday.

Mrs. Sterns has been quite ill for the past week, but at present writing is much better.

Mr. Chandler sold 2 carloads of fine cattle this week, for $5.60 per hundred pounds.

Our little town is on a boom, a new harness shop has been started here, and the foundation for a new hardware store laid.

The peach trees are blooming out and we are in hopes there will be a half crop, so many have said that they were all killed.

The health of our vicinity is not very good at present; a good many children have the measles and it is reported some have scarlet fever.

Spring comes along the banks.

She crosses hill and hollow,

The little breezes run before,

The creeping mosses follow.

Mr. G. W. Rowe has purchased 65 head of cattle for the sum of $1,700. J. B. Rowe has bought a few head also. The Mr. Rowes' are stocking their cattle ranch with good cattle. They are men full of business and they want to buy more cattle.

Mrs. M. B. Rowe and her son, James, have returned from their visit to Missouri. To the joy of their friends, they say sunny Kansas is the place for them. The farmers were so behind with their crops and the roads were so muddy, that they were completely disgusted with the country.

There is quite a large emigration to Cowley County this spring, also quite a number are leaving and going west to grow up with the country. CLYDE.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.


Thinking perhaps a few items from Spring Creek Township might be of interest, I concluded to jot you a few lines.

Health is generally good.

John Ashen is digging a well and "fixing things up," generally.

R. King and A. Woods are putting in the posts for a hundred and sixty acre pasture.

J. H. Gilliland has been improving the looks of his yard by putting out a fine lot of ornamental trees.

A Kansas zephyr swept down Beaver Creek last week, causing several to seek safety in their cellars. No damage.

Monroe Ketcham has sold his upland farm to Robert Howe for $4,000. We hope Monroe will conclude to remain with us.

The farmers are busy planting corn, and judging from the number of acres being planted, the stock need not go hungry next season.

This section has been visited by a large number of prairie fires this spring, but with no particular damage, excepting a few small losses of hay.

BIRTH. Born on Saturday, April 5th, to Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Anthis, a son. Weight ten pounds. May he live to be a comfort and support to them, as old age creeps on.

Miss Sadie Ketcham recently returned from Arkansas City, where she has been taking music lessons. Miss Sadie has been sadly missed among the young folks and all gladly welcome her return.

Our Sabbath school re-opens soon under the superintendency of W. E. Ketcham. Mr. Ketcham is a most indefatigable worker, and has done great good, both for this section and the community at large.

The farmers of Beaver Ridge have been improving their farms by putting up post and wire fences; and a great many of them are following the advice of the COURIER to plant trees, most of them having ordered a large stock. JEMIMA.


Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

At the annual meeting of the St. Louis & San Francisco railroad company, the following board was chosen: C. P. Huntington, Leland Stanford, Jay Gould, Russell Sage, Jesse Singleman, E. F. Winslow, James L. Ferth, Wm. J. Buckley, Horace Porter, A. S. Hatch, Walter L. Frost, and Charles W. Rogers. This is a solid Gould board and gives the entire control of the road to the Gould interests.


Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.


"Governor Glick never loses an opportunity to reward a Democrat by appointing him to office. Sam Gilbert, his new appointee to the board of charities, is a mere boy who left school only a little over two years ago. He was associate editor of a Winfield paper, though, during the Glick campaign, and aided bolting Republicans to defeat the head of the Republican ticket. So far as known these are the only qualifications he brings to the important position he is called to fill." Clay Center Dispatch.

Sam L. Gilbert is 40 years old and not a "mere boy," did not leave "school a little over two years ago," if in fact he ever went to school; was not associate editor of any paper during the Glick campaign or any other time. All the writing he ever did for any paper, was to advertise money to loan, land to sell, or insurance business, if in fact he ever learned to write. We suppose he voted for Glick, of course, for he has always been a Democrat, always said he was a Democrat, and never claimed to be able to read or write. But in spite of his own admissions, he is one of the best educated, most intelligent, honest, and influential Democrats in the state. He is one of those genial, joking, happy, and energetic fellows whom everybody likes, and you wonder that he should be a Democrat.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.


"The Caldwell Standard don't seem to understand that the Judge elected to take Judge Brewer's place must do so about the 27th of November, or as soon as the result is officially announced. We would be glad to see Judge Torrance elected to that position, but are not so anxious about it as to ignore the constitution of the state. We have a little respect left yet for that venerable instrument." Commonwealth.

"The Howard Courant is talking about Judge Torrance as a candidate for associate Justice. Has not the Courant found out yet that he is ineligible?" Commonwealth.

The astute Commonwealth always has some axe to grind for itself or somebody else and can always find some fatal inherent flow in any other axe which is proposed to be ground, which makes it useless to grind.

To the proposed candidacy of Judge Torrance, it raises the old Democratic argument, a constitutional objection. This objection is both frivolous and absurd.

Section 13 of article 3 of our state constitution reads as follows.

"The justices of the supreme court and judges of the district court shall, at stated times, receive for their services such compensation as may be provided by law which shall not be increased during their respective term of office; provided, such compensation shall not be less than $1,500, to each justice or judge each year, and such justices or judges shall receive no fees or perquisites, or hold any other office of profit or trust, under the authority of the state or the United States, during the term of office for which said justices and judges shall be elected, nor practice law in any of the courts of the state during their continuance in office."

It will be seen at once that the disability attaches only to the holding of the office and does not disqualify a judge from being elected to another office during the term for which he was elected to his present office. If he may hold the office after election, he may be elected during disqualification to hold the office, and the election will be valid.

In the case of Privett vs. Bick form 26th Kansas pp. 55, this matter is definitely settled by our supreme court. [???SENTENCE DOES NOT MAKE SENSE TO ME???!!!]

Privett was elected Sheriff of Harper County at the general election of 1880, to fill a vacancy in that office. Privett had voluntarily borne arms against the government of the United States during the war of the rebellion, and at the time of his election was disqualified to hold office, in this state, by virtue of a provision of our constitution. The Legislature the following winter, by authority conferred upon it by the constitution, removed his disability to hold office, and in May 1881 he qualified as sheriff of Harper County, and afterwards commenced an action to obtain possession of the office. The Supreme court decided that he was competent to hold the office, although he was ineligible at the time he was elected. The court says that when the electors of Harper County voted for Privett, they had the right to look at and to build their expectations upon the provision of the constitution empowering the legislature to remove his disability, and if removed, that he would be entitled to the possession of the office to which he was preferred by the majority of the electors.

Admitting then, for the sake of the argument only, that the term of office of the person elected next fall to fill the place vacated by Judge Brewer commences immediately after the canvass of the votes and his official notification of his election and that the person elected was at the time a judge of a district court of this state, whose term of office would not expire until the following January. It follows from this decision that he would be competent to take the office just as soon as his term of office of district judge should expire, in such a case it would be purely a question of the electors of the state to determine, in their sovereign wisdom, whether they would elect a district judge to that position, who could not accept it until about a month after the result of his election was declared.

Both the constitution and statutes of the state, however, provide that judicial officers, whether by appointment or by election, shall hold their offices until their successors are elected and qualified; and there is no limitation upon the time within which they shall qualify. So that the executive appointee, to temporarily fill the vacancy made by Judge Brewer's resignation, will hold the office until his successor is elected and qualified, and the term of his successor will not commence until he has qualified.

There should be no unseemly haste in a high judicial officer assuming to exercise the functions of his office, and no one should condemn that exhibition of modesty on the part of the successful candidate at next fall's election for Judge Brewer's position, which would lead him to defer qualifying for the office until the second Monday of January following, the usual time for judges elected to the supreme court to enter upon the discharge of their official duties.


Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Items from Southeast Cowley.

J. W. Aley contemplates a trip to the far west soon.

Sunday school at Cedar Creek at 9:30. A. Kautz, Supt.

D. Guthrie will soon commence a fine residence on his farm.

Rev. Jacobs disappointed his audience again. This makes about three times.

We know of another school (63) which has not been graced by Prof. Limerick.

The Aley Bros. have sold their fat cattle to Mr. Carney for 5 ½. Mr. L. Gutherie sold his to the same party.

J. E Harbert has moved his stock to the Service [Serviss?] place, having fed all the surplus corn on North Cedar.

Otterite was a little late on the corn planting item as there were several pieces planted some time before, J. A. Kennady having planted on the 24th of March. PHINEAS.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Mark is Gratified

To record the recent soaking rains.

To perceive the landscape assuming its verdancy.

To assert the fact that Hilary Holtby's condition is much improved.

To know that stock can now subsist on nature's bountiful production.

To notice Duke Wilderman's departure the past week, for Pratt County in quest of real estate.

To know that "Jasper's" wind has been shut off by a pressure of legal duties and shorthand reporting.

To chronicle the success of the Pleasant Valley Sunday school under supervision of Charley Roseberry.

To report Charles Rambeau's new residence nearing completion; and that Tom. Love is now snugly ensconced in his fine dwelling.

To state that Corporal Doff Holcomb is about through quizzing his neighbors and friends of this township relative to their wealth.

To observe that his neighbors, George and Monroe Teeter, Zack Whitson, and A. A. Knox, are having a challenge windmill erected.

To have an opportunity to conjecture what forlorn maiden Bob. Hunt will secure as housekeeper for his elegant domicile now building.

To think he did not commence listing corn as early as some of his neighbors; for the plant is being caught by worms, moles, and squirrels.

To state that Bob. Holland is dead shot on plovers and snipes; and that he bagged three dozen of them one unfavorable half day this week.

To mention the organization of a Sunday school at Victor, with Samuel Watt as Superintendent, Henry Harbaugh secretary, and Mrs. J. C. Snyder chorister.

To be assured that Rev. Hopkins is better acquainted with the "straight and narrow way" route to Zion's garden city, than he is concerning the road to Will. Teeter's residence.

To inform Ed. Green that a committee will be appointed to examine him relative to asylum qualifications if he doesn't cease his drouth predictions in the face of very unpropitious indications.

To inform a suffering public that another quilt is projected by the ladies of the United Brethern church; and Miss Lettie is requested to call on the writer for the funds in his possession for said purpose.

To assure the finder of a book entitled "Farm Experiments," by E. Shelton, Prof. of Agriculture of the State College at Manhattan, that the writer will "set 'em up" if said book is left at the COURIER office.

To be able to inform Ed. Hunt that he has made an egregious blunder in purchasing an AEra wind engine; and that the writer, from his experience with the Challenge, can pronounce it the best wind power extant.

To know that the learned school marm of Dist. No. 115 redeemed her reputation for generosity last Fridaythe closing day of her second term of schoolin providing a good substantial dinner for our worthy County Superintendent of Public Instruction, and that "he got there Eli."

To rise and remark that the projectors of the Kansas City and Southern R. R. must positively stipulate in their petition to Pleasant Valley or Beaver Townships the location of a depot and necessary side tracks in one or other of said Townships, in no ambiguous terms, or there will be some tall kicking done.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.



C. S. Shenneman, transportation of W. H. Colgate from penitentiary to Winfield: $25.08.









STATE VS. WM. H. COLGATE...C. J. Brown, clerk supreme court, costs: $15.35.




Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.



Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

NEW STORE! NEW GOODS! I have recently opened a first-class Grocery and Queensware Store! In the building formerly occupied by Tomlin & Webb. My stock is LARGE AND FRESH and will be sold at prices which defy competition. Call and be shown through my establishment by accommodating salesmen, and notice some of the extraordinary bargains. COUNTRY PRODUCE BOUGHT & SOLD. Remember the place; first door north of Myton's. JOHN C. LONG.


Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The Indians ride free in Nevada, but are restricted to platform cars. Wrapped in their blankets, they defy bad weather.


Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Eggs 10 cents, Butter, 20 cents, chickens, live, 6 cents per lb. or $3.00 to $5.00 per dozen; turkeys 10 cents per lb. or $12.00 to $24.00 per dozen. Potatoes 50 cents; Hogs $5.00 to $5.25 per cwt.; Corn 32 cents per bushel, and wheat 85 cents per bushel.


Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The Blue ribbon binder, thePlano.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

India red shoes, $1.50, at Prather's.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

What's being done with the creamery?

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The Democrats of Arkansas City have organized a "Tilden Club."

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The first circus and menagerie of the season will visit Winfield in May.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The May Term of the District Court commences a week from next Thursday.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Mose Teter, of Beaver Township, had a fine fifty dollar cow killed by lightning last Friday night.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The lecture in the Baptist Church by Rev. Dr. C. C. Foote has been postponed till Monday evening, April 28th, 1884.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Dr. Mary E. Haggard, of Indianapolis, will deliver her famous lecture, "The Issues of the Hour," at the Opera House tonight. Admission 25 cents.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

McDonald & Miner have painted the outside of their store-room "old gold" color. Perhaps the color will be changed to something prettier when the next coat gets on.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Something new! Red, White, and Blue Social next Thursday evening, May 1st. Soap- bubble contest and ice-cream. Practice bubblingthe largest bubble will "take the cake."

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The Council chamber was full of petitioners, "remonstrators," and others interested in municipal affairs Monday evening. Our city Parliament will soon have to hire a larger hall.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The United Telephone company will put in a line next month to Wellington via Oxford, the poles for which are already shipped. This will be a big convenience to Winfield.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Several tramps have been loafing about town lately. a man too lazy to accept the many opportunities now offered for employment is a good object for a charge of salt and pepper.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

One of the stone companies had orders two weeks ago for ninety cars to be shipped at once. After laboring severely they finally got three cars which were loaded and sent off. They are now waiting in faith and hope for more cars. It seems to us that the Santa Fe railroad is standing in its own light when it stops the development of our industries by neglecting to furnish means of transportation. They are certainly injuring Winfield by it. We urge upon the officers of the road the importance of this matter, and that they shall no longer neglect us simply because this is a non-competing point and the business must wait their pleasure for transportation or not go at all.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The Stone, Brick and Tile Company is now employing sixty-five men, who with their families constitute a small army of about three hundred. The Schmidt quarries support about as many more. The great drawback to the development of this industry at present is a lack of cars to ship the product. With the two new roads completed, the question of proper facilities for transportation will be solvedand when it is, the development of these quarries will be wonderful.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

S. H. Myton has commenced the excavation for his new block on the corner opposite Lynn's. The plans, just turned out by Architect Cook, indicate that this is to be one of the finest business buildings in the city. It will be entirely of cut stone, 75 x 90, two stories. The first story will contain two rooms, one 25 feet wide, and the other 50, the first to be occupied by Mr. Myton's general hardware stock and the second by his agricultural implements. Jim Conner has the stone work contract and agrees to finish it in ninety days. The building will cost about twenty thousand dollars.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The excellent judgment and veracity of the Howard Courant are so plainly exhibited in the following paragraph that we can't refrain from reproducing it.

"Among the many pretty things we have seen lately is the Winfield COURIER, in its neat new dress of handsome minion. Messrs. Millington and Greer are making the COURIER one of the most readable papers in Southern Kansasand it is now one of the handsomest. a clean, handsome newspaper is a joy forever."

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Before the first day of January, 1885, Winfield will be the crossing of four of the most important railroads in Kansas. She will be the center for cheap fuel, cheap lumber, with brisk competition on grain and stock shipments. With all these must necessarily come machine shops, round houses, and manufacturing enterprises, and upon these things will the permanent prosperity of our city rest.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Thirty new houses have been commenced since our last issue in addition to the three hundred already erected this spring. Carpenters and stone masons are flocking in from every direction and the supply is still far less than the demand. The amount of money put into new buildings in this city in March, April, and May, will exceed half a million of dollars.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The lecture of the season will be given at the Baptist Church next Monday evening, April 28th, by Rev. C. C. Foote, D. D., of Topeka. Those who heard the Doctor preach in Winfield last fall, will not fail to hear him again. His subject, "Ishmael," is said by the Topeka dailies and other papers to be one of the best ever delivered in the State. Admission 25 cents; children and youth under 15 years, 10 cents.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The Gas Works at the North end of Main street are "looming up." The walls will be completed in about ten days. About half of the five mile plant of Mains is now in. The company expects to have the works completed for a grand illumination on the Fourth of July night.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The ordinance prohibiting the festive barbed wire fence was brought into effect last week by some of our aggrieved citizens, and as a result some of these fences are being removed. a barbed wire fence along a sidewalk, or any place in the city, is a nuisance, but there should be no discrimination; all should go.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The gentlemen of the Presbyterian Church and congregation give a Basket Leap-year Social to the ladies on next Friday evening at the church. a social entirely under the management of men will certainly be a novel thing. We are afraid the dishes will go unwashed. They invite all to witness the proceedings.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The railroad from the northeast is now an assured fact, contingent only upon the voting of the aid asked by the company from this county, by townships. With a connection with the Gould system of roads, the future of Cowley County is certain.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

A horse ran away with Miss Mary Majors last Friday, throwing her out of the buggy, but luckily producing only a few slight injuries. a number of toilet sets, being taken from Sid's house to the new hotel, were in the buggy and completely demolished.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Mrs. H. P. Mansfield returned this week from Washington, where she attended the National Woman's Suffrage Association. She visited, during her absence, many of the principal places in the South and East, and had a very enjoyable trip.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

DIED. Edward, a son of Mr. E. P. Young of Tisdale Township, who had just passed his majority, died on Sunday morning. The remains were buried Tuesday, a number from Winfield attending the funeral.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The County Commissioners have been looking at real estate adjacent to Winfield during the past week, with a view of buying a poor farm, but haven't found a suitable location as yet.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

MARRIED. Married at the Baptist parsonage in Winfield, April 22, 1884, by the Rev. J. Cairns, Mr. Richard R. Montgomery and Miss Annie Ward, both of Winfield.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Harold Mansfield, for some time past in charge of the railroad station at Burden, has taken a position as operator in one of the Kansas City offices.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The place to buy your millinery and hair goods is at Mrs. P. F. Wright's new store, east side of Main street, Mrs. Stump's old stand.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The Hardin brick residence on Eighth Avenue was sold last Saturday, through Curns & Manser, to R. B. Waite, for $2,250.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Mr. Samuel Dalton, of Chicago, has gone in partnership with W. H. Turner in the law business.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The Ellinger house and lots on east 6th avenue were sold this week by Harris & Willson for $1,000.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Friend's best Peerless organ to be given away at O'Meara & Randolph, the shoe men of Winfield.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Joe. Harter has run a branch of the water works system into his drug store.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Spencer Bliss and lady went east Tuesday morning.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Dr. Wilkins of Upper Grouse was in the city Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Hon. A. J. Pyburn was up from the Terminus Tuesday on legal business.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

H. G. Fuller has added a fine barn to his residence property, on east 10th Avenue.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

DIED. Mrs. Pauline Porter died in Pleasant Valley Township on the 19th inst., aged seventy-four.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

DIED. Mr. and Mrs. Thos. Hambrick of this city, had the misfortune to lose their infant daughter, on the 20th.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Judge W. A. Tipton returned from Hopkins, Missouri, last week and is again a resident of the Queen City.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

DIED. Mr. E. T. Grantham, aged thirty years, died in South Bend on the 15th, after a long illness with consumption.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Amsey Thomas, A. H. Doane & Co.'s right bower, is down with an attack of the regular old fashioned ague.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

John B. Gatchell, from Mt. Gilead, Ohio, and Miss A. B. Gorman, of Clarinda, Iowa, are visiting with James McLain.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller left Tuesday morning for a few days visit in Kansas City, combining business and pleasure.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

F. M. Freeland is talking of erecting a two-story brick hotel on his lots on corner of Ninth Avenue and Menor street.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

We are under obligations to Mr. A. B. Arment, the South Main street undertaker, for several death notices this week.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Cowley is rapidly sucking the life-blood of eastern states. J. W. Johnston sold a fine bookcase this week to be shipped to Iowa.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

J. W. Curns sold his entire herd of shorthorn registered cattle, consisting of twenty-eight head, to F. W. McClellan, last Saturday.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

A. H. Doane went west for a prospective tour Tuesday. He will take in Reno and Stafford counties on the line of the narrow gauge.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

DIED. Mr. John Winslow, an old and respected citizen of Vernon Township, and father- in-law of E. C. Martin, died Wednesday of last week.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Mr. John Bobbett contemplates the erection of a two-story brick hotel on Ninth Avenue, near the Courthouse, during the summer.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

R. C. Story, ex-School Supt. of Cowley county, has resigned his position as cashier of the Fall River Bank and will move to Atchison in a short time.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Mr. John Longabaugh and Emanuel Miller, of Upper Sandusky, Ohio, old friends of James McLain, are in the city and will probably locate with us.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

John Cochran bought the Firebaugh property on Manning street this week, and will occupy it as a residence. The sale was made by Harris & Willson.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Mrs. E. J. Houston bought last Saturday, through Curns & Manser, the W. H. Strahan lot and building in the Opera House block, for four thousand dollars.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

C. A. Dunskin, of Chanute, Kansas, special agent of that town for the Winfield Roller Mills flour, was in town last week on business with Bliss & Wood.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Dr. Dunkin, who came from Iowa with his family some time ago, for the benefit of his health, returned Monday. He is afflicted with consumption, and returns much improved.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Squire Norman was down from Udall Tuesday, accompanied by Mr. McKinley, the new banker at that place. He is a very pleasant gentleman, of large business experience.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Clarence Murdock came in Sunday and spent a day or two on business. He has been down in Arkansas and bought a good bunch of cattle which are now in the Cherokee Nation.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Charley Beck, formerly of Winfield, but night clerk in the Occidental Hotel at Wichita for several years past, has gone to Eureka as day clerk in a fine new hotel at that place.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Frank Barclay returned Friday from Hastings, Nebraska, where he has been putting in steam-heating apparatus. He will pipe, for water and steam, Charley Bahntge's fine resi- dence, immediately.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Lou Nichols, a young man working on the gas works trenches, ran a sharp-pointed pick into the marrow of his left instep bone, last Friday. It made a bad wound and may prove very serious before he gets through with it.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Prof. M. L. Ward, President of Ottawa University, will spend next Sunday in Winfield, in the interests of the University, and will preach at the Baptist Church. The friends of a higher education, we trust, will give him a cordial reception.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Mrs. A. C. Bangs and son left Monday for a six weeks visit to the old home, Hampton, Illinois. The mantle of widowerhood will have thoroughly encased Arthur before her return; in fact, a change in his countenance is already perceptible.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Sid Majors opened up his new hotel, "The Central," Monday, and kept open house to his many friends during the day. The house is furnished throughout with new furniture, and is neat and complete in every way. This is Winfield's sixth hotel, and all are running over with business.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

MARRIED. Mr. F. E. Pentecost, now of Arkansas City, and Miss Louie Strong, daughter of S. P. Strong, of Rock Township, one of Cowley's oldest and most substantial citizens, were married Sunday. They passed through the city Monday on their way to the Terminus, where they will reside. The bride is an accomplished lady and the groom is a very worthy young man.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Mr. W. N. Taylor, from near Udall, was in the city Monday. He came to Cowley among the earliest settlers and took a claim in Vernon Township. Some time ago he sold his Vernon farm and bought where he now resides. Starting with nothing, he has acquired a splendid farm and surrounded himself with stock and many of the comforts and luxuries of life.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Del Valentine, of the Clay Center Times, was the victim of a "surprise" party on the occasion of his twenty-eight birthday. His office was invaded by a number of lady and gentleman friends, who left many substantial tokens of their esteem, among which was a large easy chair, frescoed with a speech from Mr. Walton, of the Dispatch.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

MARRIED. Mr. U. S. Waugh and Miss Alice Soames were married by Rev. Snider Thursday evening, at the residence of Mr. Samuel Waugh in this city. They are both most estimable young people and start on life's voyage together with the best wishes of many friends. The COURIER was remembered with a liberal award of wedding cake. The young couple were the recipients of a large number of handsome presents.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

In mentioning, a few weeks ago, Mr. W. B. Hall and his new improvements in the Courier Place, we put him on record as from Democratic, Missouri, which leads Mr. Hall to "kick." We are glad to know that he never lived in Pukedom and to correct our accusation by saying that he is from Dewit [?Dewitt?] County, Illinois, and is proud of the fact. He is also proud of his new home, Winfield. Many of the better class of Missourians, however, are moving to Cowley, and we give them a hearty welcome.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Lou Zenor has our sympathy for his exercise of patience in waiting at the depot Monday for the return of a certain fair lady. The train was four hours behind time, but of course Lou was on time, and paced the platform with countenance aglow with expectation, to at last have the train roll in bearing a sorrowful disappointment. The only solace he obtained was the knowledge that a lady friend in the city had, with malice aforethought, withheld the information of the postponed return.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

J. J. Schmidt, of the firm of Schmidt & Reinken, Wagon Mound, New Mexico, stopped off Friday last with his lately acquired bride, a Missouri lady, to take in Winfield and our famous Roller Mills, of which he is a patron. Not having been east since the year 1870, he was particularly struck with the beauty of our town as it is this season of the year. We would suggest to Mr. Schmidt that as long as he supplies his table with the much famed O. B. flour, family jars will be less frequent. We are married and we know.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

M. J. O'Meara and M. H. Ewert are acting very suspiciously of late. They have bought in "cahoots" of Curns & Manser the Bi Terrill property on east Tenth Avenue, for sixteen hundred dollars. When a young man has matrimonial intentions, the first thing he does, and should do, is to get a cage for his bird, so of course we supposed that "Mike" would occupy the attic and "Mat" the downstairs, immediately; but they have rented the place to other parties and our sympathies can find no ventat least not at present.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Mr. U. S. Oller attempted to cross the Walnut in a boat with his little boy last Friday, near the brick and tile works, and when about the center of the stream, the boat capsized, throwing them into the river. By the merest accident he got hold of the boy, and together they scrambled onto the bottom of the boat. They floated down stream until help was attracted. The water chilled them through and through, and had Mr. Oller undertaken to swim ashore with the boy, cramp and drowning would have certainly resulted. It was a narrow escape.


Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

City Parliament.

The City Fathers met in regular session Monday evening, all present.

Sidewalk petition of S. Hord and twelve others for sidewalk on the west side of blocks 135, 136, and 137 was granted.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884. [Part of City Council Meeting.]

Petition of Mrs. Shields and Messrs. Crippen, Smith, Wells, Zook, and Fahnstock for waterworks extension was granted, it appearing that owing to underlying rock, there was a scarcity of wells in that neighborhood and that one well was supplying six or eight families, making the extension a necessity.

The committee on Public Health reported that after investigation, they found no cause for granting the petition for removal of the elevator, stock yards, or gasworks buildings, in the north part of the city, and the report was adopted.

Application of W. A. Lee to lease part of the building belonging to the city, near the bell tower, was rejected.

The council resolved to grant hereafter no sidewalk petitions unless previously examined and passed upon by the committee on streets and alleys.

The following bills were allowed and ordered paid.

G. B. Shaw & Co., coal, $3.50.

Wilkinson & Co., repairs, 90 cents.

B. F. Herrod, 50 dog checks, $1.50.

E. F. Sears, crossing, $15.80.

D. L. Kretsinger, supplies for and repairs on fire department buildings, $114.40.

The application of S. H. Myton and A. B. Arment for building permits were granted.

At an adjourned session of City Council Tuesday morning, the petition of 389 taxpayers of the city was presented, praying for the call of a special election for the purpose of taking the sense of the voters of the city upon the proposition to subscribe forty thousand dollars in bonds to the capital stock of the Kansas City & Southwestern Railroad Company. After due hearing, examination, and consideration of the petition, an election was called for May 27th.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Railroad Meetings.

Representatives of the Kansas City & Southwestern Railroad Company will meet the citizens of the different townships in this county for the purpose of the submission and discussion of propositions to vote aid as follows.

At Tannehill in Beaver Township, Saturday evening, April 26th.

At Baltimore in Omnia Township, Monday evening, April 28th.

In Richland Township, at Prairie View schoolhouse, Tuesday afternoon and at Floral Tuesday evening, April 29th.

Let every citizen of these townships come out. If the road will be a benefit, the townships want it. If they are satisfied after looking into the proposition that it won't, they want to sit down on it. No community can afford to let a railroad pass them by without excellent reasons for so doing and without canvassing the matter thoroughly before acting. We believe that this road will do more toward developing Cowley County than any enterprise we have yet had an opportunity to secure.

If this opportunity is neglected and the road allowed to go to build up and develop another county and another town, it will be a matter that our people will regret as long as they live. We urge upon every citizen along the proposed line to attend the meetings, inform himself thoroughly on the matter, and then act as his best interests may demand.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

A Narrow Escape.

On last Saturday evening, about six o'clock, as James Whitson of Pleasant Valley Township was crossing the Santa Fe Railroad beyond the south bridge, on his road home, the passenger train coming from Arkansas City dashed around the curve, and, before he could get off the track, struck his wagon. The train was three hours late, and making up time at a lively rate. It knocked the left hind wheel into splinters, threw the wagon-bed about twenty feet, Mr. Whitson with it, and gave everything a fearful jolting up. The horses were crazed with fright, and circled around over the country with a part of the wagon for some time before they could be brought to a halt. Fortunately, Mr. Whitson came out of the wreck with only a few slight bruises, but the wagon will need many poultices to be able to stand alone.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

A Novel Entertainment.

The gentlemen of the Presbyterian congregation will give a "Leap-year Basket social" in lecture room of the church, on Friday evening, April 25th. a good time is anticipated, and all are invited. The following named gentlemen will compose the various committees.

Chief Cook: H. T. Silver.

2nd Cook: G. S. Manser.

Dish-washers: Messrs. S. S. Linn, A. T. Spotswood, and T. J. Harris.

Baskets: Messrs. S. A. Cook and H. Beck.

Door: John Curns.

Checks: Hop Shivers.

Sundries: Dr. Kirkwood and J. Croco.

Waiters: Messrs. George Buckman, J. H. Bullen, and M. J. Troup.

Reception and General oversight: Messrs. A. E. Baird, Jas. Simpson, and T. B. Myers.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

An Obituary Notice.

DIED. Died, at South Bend, Cowley County, Kansas, April 15, 1884, Mr. Elbridge T. Grantham, aged 30 years and 8 months. He was born at Brownstown, Indiana, August 13, 1853. He was united in marriage to Miss Mollie C. Allen, by whom he had three children, one of them with his sainted companion, who preceded him to the spirit land in the triumphs of faith. He leaves two children, a boy and a girl, with his aged parents to mourn his untimely end. He died at the residence of his aunt, Mrs. M. Graves, who, with his father and mother, and many friends, did all that loving affection could do for him. He came to Kansas last December. Seldom has it been our privilege to witness so complete a victory by grace as we witnessed in his last sickness and death. He longed to be with Christ. He was converted 6 years ago and united with the M. E. Church and was licensed as an exhorter, which he used acceptably. He sent for the Rev. J. Cairns of this city, whose visits he enjoyed very much. He requested him to preach his funeral sermon, giving him the test. He died calm and peaceful as a summer's ocean wave along the shore, and just before the end, he called the attention of those around him to the songs of angels, who, he said, had come to take him home. May my latter end be like his. FRATER.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Merchant Tailor.

Mr. A. Herpich, the Merchant Tailor, has just received another fine assortment of suitings of foreign manufacture suitable for business and dress suits. He has also procured first-class workmen, which enables him to turn out first-class work and guarantee satisfaction. Rooms over Hudson Bros. Jewelry Store.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

DIED. Died at Udall, in this county, on Saturday, April 19th, Mrs. Rachel Agler, aged 74. Mrs. Agler was the mother of Mr. Tony Agler, long a resident of this city. She had been for many months a sufferer from cancer, and died from the effects of a surgical operation to remove it.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Notice. All persons are cautioned against paying money to any person or persons representing themselves to be my agents. I have no agents and am not responsible for such misrepresentations. S. L. GILBERT.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

W. H. White and Wm. Dobbs sold their half section farm in Ninnescah Township, through Harris & Willson last Thursday, to C. D. Seitz, of Tiffin, Illinois, for $6,800. Mr. Seitz will enclose the place and make it one of the best fruit and stock farms in the county.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

District Clerk Bedilion finds his caligraphy a great convenience in copying legal docu- ments. It is the art preservative simplified, and costs about as much as a fine horse. Documents coming from the District Clerk's office now look as neat as a new pin.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

J. C. Topliff, postmaster of Arkansas City, came up Tuesday to see contractors about building a fine post office at that place. He is one of the cleverest men of the Terminus and is always heartily greeted by his Winfield friends.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Cowley Republicans are never too busy to evince an active interest in the country's welfare. The streets were crowded Saturday with attendants upon the county convention.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

The Rt. Rev. Bishop Vail will administer the Apostolic Rite of Confirmation, in the Courthouse, next Friday evening. Services will commence at 7½ P. M. All are invited.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

For Sale. The entire stock of fancy goods and notions in the Red Front building. Terms satisfactory. Call on or address Curns & Manser, Winfield, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Mr. W. H. Barnes, from Delevan, Illinois, bought the Lipscomb property, on west 9th Avenue, of Harris & Willson this week, for $750.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

A cattle ranch of 320 acresfencedfor sale cheap, if sold soon. Inquire of Shivvers and Linn.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

If you want to buy or sell a farm or city property, call on Beach & Denning, East 9th Avenue, Winfield, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

On last Saturday afternoon a large meeting was held in the Courthouse for the purpose of discussing the feasibility of the County purchasing the various bridges built over the Walnut and Arkansas Rivers and one over Timber Creek, all of which have been built by the Townships and by individual subscriptions; and also building some others much needed in different portions of the county. It being a fact that all the costly bridges built in the County up to the present time having been built exclusively by the townships and by individual subscriptions, the county itself never having invested a single dollar in any of them, cannot under our present laws expend a single dollar in repair on said bridges, and the burden of keeping them in repair by the townships has become a very onerous one and in consideration of the fact that several townships having control of said bridges, are desirous of selling said bridges to the county for a normal sum, say for one dollar ($1.00) apiece, and thus shift the responsibility of keeping them in repair onto the county. It was thought best by many of the leading citizens, both of the city of Winfield, and also of the several townships, to call a meeting of citizens and discuss the feasibility of the change. The meeting was organized by calling C. A. Bliss to the chair, with H. H. Martin as secretary. a motion being carried that a committee of three be appointed by the chair to draft resolutions expressive of the sense of the meeting, Col. McMullen, William Moore, and Jessie Isnagle were appointed as said committee, who after some deliberation reported the following.

WHEREAS, There are many valuable bridges already built in the county, and

WHEREAS, These bridges have been erected at great cost by the townships building the same, and

WHEREAS, These bridges are kept in repair at the expense of said townships, and the same have become burdensome to the people by whom they were built, and in justice to the taxpayers of said locations ought to be transferred to the county,

Therefore, Resolved, That the county ought to own all the bridges within its limits valued at $500 dollars and over, and further,

Resolved, That it is the sense of this meeting1st: That the county purchase and own all bridges of the value of $500 and over, and2nd: erect others when the same may be necessary in the county, having in view the greatest good to the greatest number of people.

The above report of the committee was received and unanimously adopted.

a motion was then made, and carried, that it is the sense of this meeting, that a special election be called to submit to the qualified electors of Cowley County, Kansas, the question of the county purchasing all the bridges of the various townships owning bridges of the value of $500 and over at a nominal sum of, say one dollar ($1.00) each, and of building some others, and if the same cannot be done at a special election, that it be submitted to a vote of the qualified electors of the county at the next general election; if it is found upon further investigation that the county has the power under the law to purchase the same.

A motion being put and carried that a committee of three be appointed to confer with the county attorney in regard to the legality of calling a special election, or of submitting to the qualified electors of the county, the question of purchasing the bridges, and also to ascertain whether the county has the power under the law to purchase said bridges, and if so, to prepare through legal advice petitions to the county commissioners to call said election, and L. F. Johnson, of Beaver, W. M. Sleeth, of Creswell, and H. H. Martin, of Vernon, were appointed as said committee, with instructions, if necessary, to call another meeting after such meeting adjourned sine die. C. A. BLISS, Chairman.

H. H. MARTIN, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.


Cowley County District Court, May Term, 1884, Commencing May 5th.


State vs. Frank Manny.

State vs. William H. Colgate.

State vs. Grant Dover.

State vs. Frank Kearns.

State vs. Frank Manny.

State vs. Leymon Elmore.

State vs. B. Moore et al.

State vs. A. L. Thomas.

State vs. F. S. Marston et al.

State vs. John Daniel et al.

State vs. Thomas Jones.

State vs. John Graham.

State vs. Eleas Burton.


Noted: M. L. Read et al vs. Winfield Creamery.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.



Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Will the author of the article (in last week's issue of this paper) cautioning the citizens against clothes swindlers, please state who the person is who complained of being gulled, and also state if he heard of any goods having been sold in this country by the so-called swindlers at, or prior to the time the article was written. The goods were not offered for sale in this country prior to the day the paper came out; viz: Wednesday, April 16th, now when such is the fact, how could any person know whether our goods were shoddy or otherwise. I would like fair play as I am entitled to the same fairness awarded any merchant. If it is just to class an honest man with swindlers for the purpose of injuring his business, without first inquiring into his reputation, or having authentic proof that he is a swindler, I have nothing to say, but I do say that I challenge any man in this part of the country to show better credentials as proof of an honest reputation than I can, as I have no antipathy to an honest competitor. I desire to say that I am willing to keep away from those whom the merchants have assumed a guardianship over and deal only with those who act as their own free agent.

JAMES A. MANNING with McCorville & Co., Walker Street, New York, and Franklin Street, Chicago.

To the citizens of Cowley County: In last week's issue of this paper, a notice appeared cautioning the citizens against traveling swindlers. It seems this article was meant to carry the idea that James A. Manning and party, of the firm of John McCorville & Co. of Walker Street, New York, and Franklin Street, Chicago, are doing an unlawful business. Mr. Manning wishes it known that he is identified with a first class house, who endorse everything he says and does in his business dealings; reference to Bradstreet & Dunn, will satisfy as to the commercial standing and reputation of the house, besides Mr. Manning carries credentials that are sufficient to guarantee him a standing equal to any honorable man in this state; anyone who doubts this, can easily be satisfied by interviewing him. He merely invites an honorable competition with anybody in quality and price. We challenge anyone to say they have been gulled by us.



Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Strayed or Stolen. Saturday evening, April 19th, 1 Pointer Dog, liver colored, white spot on breast, one toe off hind foot; will give suitable reward for dog. If stolen, will give $50.000 for arrest and conviction of thief. J. N. HARTER.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Wallis & Wallis want everybody to call and see their new importation of Teas, direct from Yokohama, put up in Japanese boxes. They are really the finest line of Teas ever brought to this country. We are the only house in Southern Kansas who handles this line of goods.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

STOCK CATTLE. We will sell at auction April 30th, one hundred head of Cows & Heifers, one hundred head of steers, one span of mules & harness, one wagon, four saddle ponies. Terms 9 months, approved security. Ten percent per annum off for cash.

Harwood Bros. & Burten. Bill Carlin's farm, 7 miles west of Douglass.

Winfield Courier, April 24, 1884.

Mrs. P. F. Wright wishes to announce to the Ladies of Winfield and vicinity that she has just opened the largest and finest assortment of Millinery at her new store, ever offered in the city, and extends a general invitation to all to call and examine goods and prices. East Side Main St., Mrs. Stump's old stand.