[Starting with Thursday, May 1, 1879.]


Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 1, 1879. Front Page.

Report of Mr. J. D. McKown, Assistant Engineer.


St. Louis, Mo., Jan. 27, 1879.

Major: I herewith respectfully submit the following report of the examination of the Arkansas river from the mouth of the Little Arkansas river to Fort Smith.

In accordance with orders received from this office, I proceeded to Wichita, Kansas, and commenced the examination of the river at the mouth of the Little Arkansas.

The latter stream empties into the main river a short distance above Wichita, part of the water is diverted from its natural channel to supply a mill, but again comes into the main river some two and a half miles below the city. The Arkansas river is very tortuous in its course, that portion from Wichita to Arkansas City passing through a prairie country, and has very little timber on the banks, a thin growth of cottonwood and willow prevailing.

The bed of the stream is very wide for the amount of water running, and is of a light sandy nature, quicksand prevailing in a large degree. In many places where the current is strong, there is a thin layer of gravel over the sand, which once broken through shows the soft sand underneath.

As we go down the river, rock becomes somewhat frequent, rock ridges often crossing the stream, sometimes almost amounting to rapids, and leaving but little room for passage of boats at low water.

I had the advantage of seeing the river at a very low stage of water and in its worst condition. At no time during the examination was there a rise of more than six inches, and that lasted but a few days. MILES.

From Wichita to Arkansas City 65

From Arkansas City to the State line 14

From State line to Grand River 236

From Grand River to Ft. Smith 94

TOTAL: 400

The small amount of money available rendered rapid work necessary, and hurried reconnaissance was all that could be made. On such information as I could obtain, I respectfully submit the following approximate estimate of the cost of improving the river for steamboat navigation at low water.

The Little Arkansas river empties into the Arkansas about three quarters of a mile above the bridge at Wichita. The bed of the main stream is from 600 to 800 feet wide from there to the bridge. The slope of the river from this mouth of the Little Arkansas to a point 1 mile below is 3.03 feet; high water mark at Wichita from the best information obtainable is 7.45 feet above low water, but as the landing would probably be below it, it need not be taken into consideration.

From Wichita to El Paso, a distance of some 15 miles, the slope of the river is about 3 feet per mile, or 45 feet for the whole distance. The bed of the river is generally wide, and to within 2 miles of El Paso needs a continued series of dikes and dams to contract it to a proper width, which would be about 150 feet. This would take a dike of 600 feet every half mile for 13 miles, or 7,800 feet in all. About 2 miles above El Paso, the river narrows down to about the required width, with not less than 3 feet of water in the channel. This extends for nearly 2 miles.

About 1/2 mile above El Paso there is a rocky reef extending across the river, running out from the left where there is a rocky bank. The expense would be but slight to place it in good boating order$2,500 would be sufficient.

From El Paso to Oxford the distance is 25 miles. The difference of level between the two places is about 69 feet, giving a slope of 2.75 feet per mile. This piece of river is a continual series of comparatively short bends, and the water being forced on the convex side of them, forms a good channel in most places. It will require about 78,000 feet of dam for this distance, or 312 feet per mile.

About 1 1/4 miles above Oxford there is a brush and rock dam which is built for the purpose of throwing in a race or ditch, where it is used for mill-power. The dam is a slight, irregular-built affair, angling down stream.

The difference of the level of the water above and below it at the left bank is 1.37 feet. The right bank here is about 40 feet high and of talcose slate.

At Oxford there is a pontoon bridge. A roadway built to it is made of rock, brush, and prairie hay, the latter predominating, and seems to make an excellent dike, closing the river in to about 150 feet, and making a good channel along the bluff for about a half mile.

Some 4 miles above Oxford the Ninnescah creek empties into the river, adding something to the volume of water.

Brush for mattresses is quite scarce on the river from Wichita to this place; but there is but little doubt that the tall, rank prairie grass, which is indigenous to this region, and grows in great abundance, could be used to advantage in the work by mixing it in with the brush, and in all probability would be economical.

About 3/4 of a mile below Oxford the river widens out and is full of bars. At 5 miles from Oxford, the banks on the right are high, and contain considerable loose slate. The river bottom is of rock, but there is a fair depth of waterfrom 2 1/2 to 6 feet. About 14 miles above Arkansas City the banks on the left are about 30 feet high, of sand and clay, underlaid with loose rock.

The slope of the river from Oxford to Arkansas City, a distance of 25 miles, is 65 feet, or 2.6 feet per mile. There will be necessary for this piece of river about 16,500 feet of dike and dam660 feet per mile. The approximate amount of water in the river at Arkansas City is 575 cubic feet per second. At this place there is a wagon-bridge about 600 feet in length, with the lower chord 20 feet above low-water. A draw would be necessary to allow the passage of boats. In the present state it is an obstruction to navigation.

From Arkansas City to Kaw Agency, the distance is 44 miles. The fall of the river between these points is 110 feet, or 2.5 feet per mile.

It will take about 16,500 feet of work to improve this part of the river, or 375 feet per mile.

The river banks are becoming better timbered, and the river improving. The Walnut river empties about 6 miles below Arkansas City and adds a fair amount to the volume of water in the river.

Below the Walnut the river changes somewhat in character. The banks and bluffs are higher and more rocky, the bed of the river more narrow, and timber more plentiful. Oak, hickory, pecan, walnut, hackberry, and many other varieties are common. Cottonwood, of course, is always to be found on the banks and low grounds. Below and near the State line, and a few miles further down, about the mouth of Caloca creek, a quantity of loose rock apparently piled up during freshets, shows itself in the river. Some of this rock should be removed and a dam thrown in to concentrate the water. About $3,000 would do it.

On this piece of river, from Kaw Agency to Salt creek, the distance is 62 miles. The slope of the river is 136 feet, or about 2.3 feet per mile. It will take about 28,000 feet of dam to improve it, or 451 feet per mile. On this part of the river snags are becoming more plentiful. Between Kaw Agency and Salt creek the Salt Fork empties; it throws in considerable water.

From Salt creek to Black Bear creek, a distance of 15 miles, the river is wide and bad, and will take about 14,000 feet of dam to improve it, or 933 feet per mile. The slope is about 2.2 feet per mile, or 33 feet for the distance of 15 miles. Black Bear creek comes in on the right, and adds something to the amount of water in the river, even when very low.

From Black Bear creek to Cimmaron river the distance is 62 miles. The bed of the river is very wide and sandy, sometimes getting as wide as 2,000 feet. It will take some 20,500 feet of dam to improve this part of the river, or 500 feet per mile. The slope of the river is about 1.8 feet per mile, or 112 feet for the distance of 62 miles.

The Cimmaron or Red Fork of the Arkansas comes in on the right, and contributes a considerable amount of water to the main river. Its deep red tinge is in strong contrast with the muddy water of the Arkansas, and the waters running side by side some distance before mingling have a marked and unique appearance.

From the Cimmaron, to the mouth of Grand river, the distance is 87 miles. The slope of the river in this distance is about 152 feet, or 1.75 per mile. It will take about 38,000 feet of dam to improve this portion of the river, or 437 feet per mile.

About 3 miles above the mouth of Grand river is the bridge of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas railroad. The length is 800 feet; there are four spans of 200 feet each, and the lower chord is 34 above low water. The bridge is a strong and handsome structure, built of wood and iron. It has no draw, and may be considered an obstruction.

About 1/4 of a mile above, the mouth of the Verdigris empties, and makes quite an addition to the volume of water. The Grand river discharges still more than the Verdigris, and to-gether they make a very perceptible difference in the main stream.

Below the mouth of the Grand, the river changes very much in its character. The bed of the river is not so wide, the channel much better, and the bars and banks contain more gravel.

From the mouth of Grand river to Greenleaf's creek, about 28 miles, generally good; 5,000 feet of dam will suffice for this distance, but it is almost impassible in places on account of snags which in some localities almost fill the water-way.

At Greenleaf's creek the river was closed with ice, and the examination had to be abandoned. But as Mr. Albert had made a survey of that part of the river in 1879, his report will give information concerning it. The distance from Grand river to Fort Smith is 94 miles, and I should think that $150,000 would be sufficient for its improvement.

In the above estimates I have taken the costs of the dams at $4.50 per linear foot, which I think would be sufficient as most all of the work would be in shallow water.



Wichita to El Paso ............................. 11

El Paso to Oxford .............................. 25

Oxford to Arkansas City .................... 25

Arkansas City to Kaw Agency ........... 44

Kaw Agency to Salt creek .................. 62.5

Salt creek to Black Bear creek ........... 15

Black Bear creek to Cimmaron river . 41.5

Cimmaron river to Grand river .......... 87

Grand river to Fort Smith ................... 94

TOTAL: 409

LOCALITY: Linear Feet of dam.

Wichita to El Paso ............................. 7,200

El Paso to Oxford .............................. 7,800

Oxford to Arkansas City .................... 17,000

Arkansas City to Kaw Agency ........... 16,500

Kaw Agency to Salt creek .................. 28,000

Salt creek to Black Bear creek ........... 14,000

Black Bear creek to Cimmaron river . 20,500

Cimmaron river to Grand river .......... 38,600

Grand river to Fort Smith ..................

TOTAL: 149,000

LOCALITY: Cost of rock excavations.

El Paso to Oxford .............................. $3,000

Arkansas City to Kaw Agency .......... $3,000

TOTAL: $6,000

LOCALITY: Total cost.

Wichita to El Paso ............................. $37,000

El Paso to Oxford .............................. $38,600

Oxford to Arkansas City .................... $76,500

Arkansas City to Kaw Agency ........... $77,250

Kaw Agency to Salt creek .................. $126,000

Salt Creek to Black Bear creek .......... $63,000

Black Bear creek to Cimmaron river . $92,250

Cimmaron river to Grand river .......... $171,000

Grand river to Fort Smith ................... $150,000

TOTAL: $826,500

Add for contingencies and Engineer expenses $73,500

GRAND TOTAL: $900,000

The Arkansas river passes through the Indian Territory from the southern boundary line of the State of Kansas, to Fort Smith, Arkansas, a distance of about 330 miles by river. Little trade could be expected from the Territory except in the Cherokee Nation, between Fort Smith and the Grand river, where, pershaps some business might be done.

That portion of the country tributary to the river in Kansas, from Wichita to the State line, is rich, fertile, and well cultivated, and would derive great benefit from the opening of the river to navigation. Yours respectully,

J. D. McKOWN, Ass't Engineer.

MAJ. CHAS. R. SUTER, Corps of Engineers, U. S. A.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

In accordance with your instructions of July 8th, 1878, I have caused a reconnaisance to be made by Mr. J. D. McKown, assistant engineer, of the Arkansas river from the mouth of Little Arkansas to Fort Smith, and a copy of his report thereon is hereiwth submitted.

Except in the upper portion before mentioned, the navigable low water depth is about the same as that of the Arkansas river between Little Rock and Fort Smith, and it would of course be useless to attempt to get a greater depth until the balance of the stream was correspondingly improved.

The estimates presented by Assistant McKown are for removing snags and rocks and so contracting the width of the stream as to give at low water a depth of about 2 feet, but this estimate is only a rough approximation at the best, and no work on this scale should be undertaken, even if deemed advisable, until a thorough survey of the stream has been made, the cost of which is estimated at $16,630.

I am, however, of the opinion that by removing the snags and constructing slight dams at some of the worst shoals, the navigation would be so much improved as to render it as good as that between Little Rock and Fort Smith, and this would seem to be all that is worth doing until the general improvement of the river is undertaken. The cost of this work would be about $100,000, which could be expended in one season.

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant.

CHAS. R. SUTTER, Maj. of Engineers.

Brig Gen. A. A. HUMPHREYS, Chief of Engineers, U. S. A.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 1, 1879. - Front Page.

Measles plenty in this vicinity.

Mortonville still improving, a new store will open there in a few days.

School closed at Green Valley March 26. Teacher: Mr. Corron.

["L." - RICHLAND.]

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

We understand that David Coon has sold his farm to Allan Parks, late of Indiana. Mr. Parks also bought another claim just east of Dutch creek, and intends putting up a store and selling goods.

Mr. Watt has sold his claim to Doctor Thompson. He will bring in about 400 sheep to stock the claim and some of the waste prairie that lays out unimproved.

Richland school has opened for a three month's term. Miss Fannie Pontius, teacher. The taught the winter term of three months and gave general satisfaction.

Peaches nearly all killed; there will be none to dry this year and barely enough for canning purposes.

Nelson Burkey is homesick and is going back to Iowa to live. We shall probably see him here again within two years.

Farmers are through planting corn.

Considerable clover sowed this spring in Richland.

Married: April 10, 1879, at the office of N. J. Larkin, Esq., in Richland township, Marion Daniels to Miss Elenora L. Groom, all of this township.


Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

And now the barefooted urchin rejoiceth in all his glory, and thrice blessed are they who are possessed of a mother-in-law in these garden-making days. Alas, for the forlorn bachelor. It is a sad commentary on the tendencies of christianity, when Sunday schools insist on appointing infidels to instruct their bible classes.

School reopened at the Centennial last Monday, under the supervision of Miss Henrietta King.

Now is a golden opportunity afforded the school board of district No. 4 to exhibit usual energy and enterprise in accepting the advice of the COURIER in a recent issue, to plant shade trees around the school house. The board might appoint an arbor day and request that each family in the district send one representative with a young, thrifty, growing tree. The hearts of posterity would surely overflow with gratitude to the energetic board that engineered the work to a successful issue. Who will be the first to establish a name on the scroll of fame in this direction?

Victor school house has considerably improved its appearance by a coat of paint and a supply of hitching racks for securing horses. This is a good example for other school houses to follow.

Wm. Jeffries displayed his usual intelligence by the observance of an arbor day. He planted a row of cottonwoods all along the north and east sides of his 160 acre farm.

Mr. Philip Teeter has made arrangements for the purchase of 80 acres of land of Wright and Barber.

When a spring wagon capsizes returning home from town in bright, broad moonlight, and spills its precious burden of "fair ones" in a shallow stream, it is unreasonable to attribute the accident to the force of the Kansas zephyrs; but the evidences are quite strong that something unusual had taken possession of the upper story of the pilot. Knowing ones understand.

Another one of Beaver's beauties, thinking her maiden name was growing monotonous, accepted as a desirable change, Mrs. Cora Gibbs. If allowed to express our preference, we think Miss Cora Godfrey was the prettiest name of the two.

Jno. Jones, with 75 head of cattle, passed through our neighborhood last Wednesday, enroute for a summers pasturage in the Nation.

Ask Joe Painter about his infallible method of driving a mule up hill.

One of our charming young widows is seriously contemplating the destruction of her present cognomen. Such are the vicissitudes of life.

W. A. Freeman is meditating on the probabilities of accumulating a fortune in Chautauqua county.

Miss Louzena Holland gave a birthday party at the residence of her brother, Dr. C. G. Holland, last Wednesday evening, which was pronounced a success.

Buck Anderson, once a weekevery Thursday nightat Beaver Center school house, explains to the rural minds the intircacies and rudiments of vocal music.

Last Friday we were astonished and amused at what we at first sight supposed to be the Santa Fe locomotive or the Cherokee steamboat sailing in our midst ostensibly looking for water; but on closer inspection, proved to be only the domicile of Rufus McCulloch in transition to his new farm which he has purchased of Jack Evans.

We admire the integrity and manliness which the COURIER displayed in a recent issue in its disposition of the gold question. Its utterances admirably accord with our experiences and observations at the would be famous place two weeks ago, and are the sentiments of all fair, honest, sane minds that have investigated the matter.

Uncle Warren Wood is determined to keep pace with the times, having erected a tenant house on his farm, and ornamented his pretty residence with one of those conductors of the electric fluid, which secures comfort and safety to the inmates thereof.

Capt. D. Northup is on a trip to Illinois.

Theodore Dillis is the champion "dropper" on a corn planter.


Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

EDITOR COURIER:The self-evident pooling of the Wichita grain buyers this winter, thereby taking undue advantage of our farmers, seriously concerns Cowley county farmers and, indirectly, all those who depend on the farmers. This advantage taken becomes the more onerous when the distance to market and exposure of men and teams to the weather is taken into consideration.

The experiment has been tried in several instances where men have hauled 350 or more bushels of wheat to Wichita to clean and put it on a car ready for shipment, they have been offered in every case from 10 to 15 cents more per bushel for it than they could get for it on the street. This is an index of what we may expect in Winfield. The experiment of building the "Grange" elevator at Wichita by the "Patrons," and the good results obtained in preventing pooling while it was operated by the Grange agent, gives us a hint that we should follow promptly.

Are the farmers that will make Winfield their shipping station ready to take the preliminary steps to build a "Farmers" elevator, to be owned and controlled exclusively by them? There should be a full discussion in every neighborhood, so that all can act intelligently and promptly when the time arrives for action, and to secure choice of site on completion of final surveys and location of railroads. An elevator the size and capacity of the "English" elevator at Wichita can now be built (including 3 or 4-horse engine) for $5,500. A general interest should have a general representation in its stockholders, not alone for the greater responsibility devolving on its agent, but for the power it will confer in matters of transportation and commission which a single buyer or shipper could not command.

Vernon, April 24, 1879. REX.


Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Henry Barr and family, of Baltimore, Kansas, are visiting in this neighborhood.

Last Saturday, in coming home from town, Mr. Ingraham took the authority to baptize himself, wife, and others in the creek by upsetting the wagon. No serious damage done except a few bruises.


Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

SALT CITY, April 25, 1879.

Many visitors to the springs, most all of whom go away satisfied that there are curative properties of great value in them, and that there is a great future before us, which tends to encourage us, and as a community we are indeed hopeful.

Since my last Dr. Arnold has put up a 1 1/2 story frame 16 x 30 in which he will soon have a full line of drugs. Two new physicians have located within the past ten days.

Mr. Trenary occupies Capt. Foster's old residence, and buildings are all filled with occupants.

N. A. Haight has resurveyed and corrected Mr. Royal's town plot, and everything is now ready for business.

Mr. Walker has sold his farm, also Mr. Carpenter, and still there are fine farms, improved and unimproved, that can be bought at low rates. If you are skeptical on this point, come down and we will convince you of the fact.


Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Hon. C. R. Mitchell was in town last week.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

The District Court convenes next Monday.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

"Job wagons" are becoming quite numerous.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

The "Hotel de Finch" is full to overflowing.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

The colored population of Winfield is on the increase.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Charley McIntire came up from the seaport last Friday.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Messrs. Kenning Bros. are putting up a neat sulky for By Terrill.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Mr. Dan Mater is erecting a nice residence in the rear of his shop.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

"Bixby's Best" red wagon made its periodical visit to Winfield last week.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

W. C. Root went to Wichita last week to meet his brother and "stock up."

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Under the artistic hand of "Andy," Read's Bank is assuming an elegant appearance.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Gen. C. W. Blair has been in this county the past week attending to the railroad election.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Sid S. Major has purchased the property formerly owned by E. P. Kinne, on 12th Avenue.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Mr. George Gully is building a neat residence on his lot, back of Hendricks & Wilson's hardware store.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Twelve wagon loads of immigrants, from Joplin, bound for Colorado, passed through town last week.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

The Baptist church in this city will next Sunday, and until further notice, hold their services in Manning's Hall.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Messrs. George & Hill have received their stock of hardware, wooden and willow-ware and are now ready for business.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

C. C. Harris returned from a trip to Kingman county last week and reports everything "dry, dusty, and disagreeable" out there.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Mr. G. W. Legouier, Ind., spent several days of last week in Winfield. He expects at tome future time to make his home with us.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

The stage and express office has been removed from the Central Hotel to Smith Bros. boot and shoe store, next door to "Jo's."

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Last Friday night some fellow "without the love of honor in his soul," stole five trees from a row in front of F. M. Freeland's house.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

We were pleased to meet Mr. Calvin Coon, an old subscriber, and one of the leading farmers of Rock township, last Friday.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

We are informed that Mr. Frank Millspaugh has sold out his interest in the livery business of Shenneman & Millspaugh to Mr. A. G. Wilson.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Daniel Venater is held "in durance vile" for obtaining a note under false pretenses. Information filed in the district court by Mr. Torrance.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

The COURIER Job office turned out one of the largest jobs ever done in southern Kansas, last Tuesday. It was a three shoot poster, 3 feet wide by 6 feet long.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

A. M. Fitzsimmons, of Maple township, had the misfortune to get his leg broken by a kick from a mare. Being in poor health, it is a very serious matter with him.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Mr. J. F. Witherspoon has ordered a lot of new buggies and intends, in a few weeks, to put a first-class livery stock in his barn, just back of the Central hotel.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

The recent rains have undermined the flagging put down on Ninth Avenue, near the courthouse. A firmer bed seems necessary to support the walk properly.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

An exchange advises its readers to guard against the Spring fever, and says that the first indication of the approach of the disease is a yearning desire not to do anything.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Mr. J. S. Mann, from St. Louis, has arrived in Winfield and will open up a stock of gents' outfitting goods in the building formerly occupied by Stuart & Wallis' clothing house.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Mr. T. B. Turner brought with him from Chicago a beautiful mat, about three feet wide by six long. It is worked with a design representing a hunting party in pursuit of game.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Hendricks & Wilson are fixing up their storeroom preparatory to receiving a large invoice of stoves. They intend, in a short time, to run a tinshop in connection with their hardware business.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Mr. Dever has been making some changes in the Star Bakery, and it now presents a very attractive appearance. Mr. Dever knows how to run a first-class bakery, to which his many customers can testify.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

The social hop at the Opera House Tuesday evening was a very enjoyable affair. The young and fair of our city were out "en force" and it was pronounced by many to be the finest affair ever held in Winfield.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Mr. I. P. Allen is running a turning lathe in the Southwestern Machine Works, and turns everything from a "mule Post" to a banister rail. From the samples of his work which we have seen, he understands his business.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Messrs. Hughes & Rhodes are fixing up their office on South Main street and will soon have on hand a large stock of wood, coal, lime, hair, etc. This is a branch of business comparatively new to Winfield, and is another evidence of our prosperity.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

We publish on first page the full report of the engineer who was detailed to make an examination of the Arkansas river. It will be read in this county with great interest, as it shows that the navigation of that river is destined to become a fact at no distant day.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Mr. T. B. Turner, of Turner Bros., returned from Chicago last Thursday, and now registers "T. B. Turner and wife." Mr. Turner, although having been among us but a short time, has won many friends, who wish both him and his accomplished bride many years of happiness.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Mr. Berkey, from Monticello, Wisconsin, delivered a temperance address at Manning's Hall last Sunday evening under the auspices of the Baptist church.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

We were pleased to meet Mr. L. W. Lawton, of Delano, Illinois, who is visiting Messrs. Jennings & Buckman, of this place. Mr. Lawton expresses himself as being highly pleased with Cowley county and Winfield, and we hope, at some future time, to number him among our citizens.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

John Easton is now ringing the anvil for the people in Rose Valley. John is a good workman, and what he doesn't know about a machine ain't worth knowing. He has left his gunsmith shop at this place in charge of Mr. Rouse, and will devote his entire attention to his shop in Rose Valley.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

We would call attention to the new law card of Graham & Webb. This will make a strong legal firm. Judge Graham has for six years occupied the bench of the Atchison judicial district and is well known as an accomplished jurist. Mr. Webb is too well known as one of the brightest attorneys of the southwest to require any notice from us.



ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Winfield, Kansas. Office upstairs, Room 1, in Bahntge Brros. building, corner Main street and 10th avenue.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Messrs. T. K. Johnson and E. P. Kinne visited Elk County last week in the interest of our east and west railroad, and it is reported, did splendid service in that county. Their adventures by floods and runaways were exciting if not amusing. They reported on their return the defeat of the $40,000 proposition submitted by the Emporia and Eureka branch of the A. T. & S. F. to Elk County, voted on last week Wednesday.


Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

The following is the vote of this county on the proposition to vote $68,000 to the extension of the L. L. & G. railroad through this county on Tuesday last, so far as heard from as we go to press:


Beaver 75 30

Bolton, east .........................

Bolton, west ........................

Cedar, east ...........................

Cedar, west ..........................

Cresswell 43 182

Dexter 27 20

Harvey 51 5

Liberty 11 11

Maple 16 32

Ninnescah 16 16

Omnia .................................

Otter, north 2 18

Otter, south 2 27

Pleasant Valley 32 4

Richland, North ...................

Richland, South 47 5

Rock ....................................

Sheridan 62 2

Silver Creek 33 3

Silverdale 20 22

Spring Creek ..........................

Tisdale 69 1

Vernon 74 4

Windsor 140

Winfield 183 2

Winfield City, 1st ward 287 2

Winfield City, 2nd ward 252 2


Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

On last Saturday, in company with S. L. Gilbert, our enterprising loan agent, and, by the way, one of the jolliest fellows in Cowley county, our local took a flying trip up the Walnut valley into Rock township. After seeing the acres and acres of green wheat, the splendid orchards, fine farms, and large, commodious dwellings, one is astonished at the amount of improvement that has been done in such a short space of time.

About eleven miles north of Winfield, in the Walnut Valley, lies the farm of T. S. Green, comprising 880 acres of bottom land lying for a mile up and down on either side of the Walnut. One year ago last March, Mr. Green came to Cowley from McLean county, Illinois, purchased a section and a half of comparatively raw land, and went to work. Today he has 400 acres of fine wheat, on land that, ten months ago, was nothing but a sea of prairie grass; 150 acres of corn, 100 acres of white beans, 50 acres of oats, and 40 acres seeded in timothy and clover. Everything about Mr. Green's farm has an air of thrift and enterprise. Nearly a hundred cords of wood, cut and corded in long rows, tell of the winter's work of "clearing up" the 50 acres of timber land on the premises, ready to be sown with timothy and clover in the spring. A large two-story "Kansas barn," 40 x 50 feet, with a mow capable of holding 10 tons of hay and affording stable room for 20 head of horses, is one of the features of this model farm.

After a ride of 11 miles we were in pretty good condition for supper, and the rapidity with which the tempting array of viands were disposed of would do credit to the appetite of any loan agent in Christendom, while our local mentally averred that the hospitality of Mr. Green and his estimable family was as broad as their acres.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

A. T. Spotswood & Co., received five car loads of goods last Monday, and have had four men working like beavers to get them on the shelves as soon as possible. They have an immense stock, and a person not acquainted with the "ways and means" of stowing away groceries would think it impossible to get them all inside the house. Mr. Spottswood is a pleasant, genial gentleman, of sound business tact, and will make things lively in the grocery line. There "ad" will appear next week.


Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Now that the season for planting trees has come, we would urge upon the attention of our citizens the importance of this matter. Nothing that can be done will add more to the beauty and attractiveness of a town than large numbers of shade trees along the streets, and the cost is comparatively small. Let every citizen take this matter in hand and our town may soon be as famous for its shade trees as for its sidewalks.


Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Mr. Lowry, the veteran ice man, dropped down on "our boys" Tuesday with a huge chunk of ice, which, in view of the "hotness" of election day, was very acceptable. M. Lowry will deliver ice to any part of the city during the coming season, and persons leaving orders with him can rely upon their being promptly attended to.


Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Mr. J. F. Hyskell, who was considered one of the best tinners in Winfield and an estimable citizen, has removed to Dexter and is in the tin and hardware business under Mr. J. F. Truesdale, whom we congratulate on his acquisition. We bespeak for Mr. Hyskell a cordial reception from the citizens of Dexter and vicinity.


Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.


Ulfest H. Ideus and Antkia G. Buss.

Hiram P. Sinkle and Josephine C. Fruits.

Albert D. Delano and Mary C. Pettrie.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.




W. F. Bowen and wife to P. A. Shields. $1,000.

W. C. Muzzy to J. M. Alexander. $300.

Geo. M. Moore to Nathaniel M. Glascow.

Lot 9, blk 48, Winfield. $95.

J. C. Fuller and wife to A. H. Doan.

Lot 7, blk 145, Winfield. [Amount not given.]

William H. Cochran to E. C. Manning. $700.

Sarah J. McFarland and husband to Jam. Cottingham. $125.

Jno. Headrick to Geo A. Headrick.

Lot 9, blk 166, Winfield. [Amount not given.]

Fanny Farringer and husband to John Himmillspaugh. $75.

A. Corbin and wife to William Metzer. $3,000.

Moody Currier and wife to Austin Corbin, same tract.

Sidney S. Majors and wife to Sarah E. Hunt. $2,000.

Daniel Hunt and wife to Elizabeth Majors,

Lots 9 and 10, blk 161, Winfield. $1,800.

John F. Merrell and wife to Sam'l S. Jackson. $400.

Frank Williams and wife to W. J. Shotwell,

lot 4, blk 168, Winfield. $600.

U. S. to John F. Merrell. $200.

J. C. Fuller and wife to Maria A. Sanderson,

lot 8, blk 271, Winfield. $42.

Stephen Brown and wife to E. S. Bedilion,

lot 5, blk 171. $150.

Marion B. Wallis to Ruth A. Wallis,

undivided 1/4 of lot 10, blk 128, $600.

Marion Kent and wife to John Bowers. $3,000.

Robert Orr to John A. Wright, Jr. $600.


Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the May, A. D. 1879, term of the District Court of Cowley County, beginning on the first Monday in May, and have been placed on the Trial Docket in the following order.


State vs. Charles D. Daniels.

State vis. Charles Adams.

State vs. Frank Manny.

State vs. Francis Small.

State vs. Thomas Gibson.

State vs. John Doe.


State vs. David Creek.

State vs. same.


Rachel Lawson vs. Thomas Lawson.

Patrick Harkins vs. David F. Edmonds.

Frank Porter vs. E. W. Coulson et al.

Lucian McMasters vs. Nathan Hughes.

Mercy M. Funk vs. Cynthia Clark et al.

C. C. Harris vs. J. B. Lynn.

Elizabeth Myer vs. Wm. H. Brown et al.

James W. Hamilton vs. J. D. Pryor et al.

Sarah E. Aldrich vs. James A. Kerr et al.

James C. Topliff vs. Patrick Harkins.

Graham & Moffitt vs. Hoenscheidt.


T. H. Barrett vs. Wm. Parr, adm'r., et al.

Sarah Bates vs. Hiram Bates.

Hawkins, Bird & Co., vs. F. Gallotti & Co.

W. H. H. Maris v. T. W. Gant et al.

Pierpont & Tuttle vs. Lucy Clark et al.

John T. Stewart vs. H. B. Corkins et al.

R. C. Haywood vs. Matthew Chambers et al.

Nancy Rogers vs. O. F. Boyle.

Chicago Lumber Co. vs. J. C. McMullen.

John D. Pryor vs. S. J. Green

M. Brettun vs. J. G. Titus et al.

Mary E. Hayden vs. George W. Hayden.


Slettauer Bros. & Co., vs. B. E. Johnson.

Chas. F. Bahntge, assignee, vs. C. L. Harter.

M. L. Read vs. Phillip Sipe, et al.

J. C. Fuller vs. James Keith et al.

Claflin, Allen & Co., vs. B. E. Johnson.

James H. Wear & Co., vs. B. E. Johnson.

Frank Bros. vs. B. E. Johnson.

Tootie, Hanna & Co., vs. B. E. Johnson.

R. S. McDonald & Co., vs. B. E. Johnson.

G. W. Bull vs. Joel E. Mack.

C. H. Fargo & Co., vs. B. E. Johnson.

McWilliams, Crook & Co., vs. B. E. Johnson.


Burrough & Spach vs. Frank Manny.

Tootie, Hanno & Co., vs. B. E. Johnson.

Fortner & Cady vs. E. C. Manning.

W. D. Lester vs. Julia A. Ralston et al.

J. C. McMullen, adm'r., vs. Stephen Johnson.

M. L. Robinson vs. J. M. Midkiff et al.

R. L. Walker vs. C. L. Harter.

Rogers & Sanford vs. C. L. Harter.

C. L. Harter vs. County Commissioners. [4 different cases]


W. M. Boyer vs. County Commissioners. [4 different cases]

S. M. Jarvis vs. W. D. Anderson.

S. L. Brettun vs. Franklin Lindley.

S. L. Brettun vs. S. C. Winton et al.

S. L. Brettun vs. S. C. Winton et al.

A. W. Graham vs. McKnown et al.

Henry Brandley vs. B. B. Wood et al.

Brooks, Harris & Colves vs. Rudolph Hite.

L. T. Carter vs. George B. Carter.


J. V. Hilton vs. George W. Childers et al.

J. C. McMullen vs. C. C. Endicott et al.

S. L. Brettun vs. Geo. Easterly et al.

Baxter & Wade vs. C. L. Harter.

Wolf, Cahn & Co. vs. W. O. Graham.

Lewis C. Rice vs. Sarah E. Rice.

S. E. Aldrich vs. E. A. Goodrich et al.

Margaret Somers vs. Patrick Somers.

James Kelly vs. Frank Manny.

Calvin Dean vs. John J. Clark.

S. L. Brettun vs. Wm. Andrew et al.

H. P. Mansfield vs. Estate of W. Q. Mansfield.


T. C. Bird vs. H. C. Merrick et al.

S. B. Atkinson vs. Jacob Keffer.

J. A. Myton vs. S. H. Myton et al.

T. S. Parvin vs. J. C. Topliff.

J. C. Fuller vs. Cowley Co. Ag. Society.

C. C. Harris vs. Levi Fluke et al.

W. M. Copeland vs. S. E. Requa et al.

S. L. Brettun vs. J. P. Sallinger et al.

S. L. Brettun vs. E. L. Walker et al.

C. C. Black vs. Wm. H. Weber et al.

Mercy M. Funk vs. Nancy Hager et all.

Michael Harkins vs. W. J. Keffer.


Patrick Harkins vs. Sohn Carder et al.

E. M. Theaker vs. R. J. Theaker.

D. F. Kerr vs. City of Winfield.

Moline Plow Co. vs. Lucian F. McMasters.

J. A. Myton vs. H. Brotherton.

Samuel Hoyt vs. O. H. Meigs et al.

Robert Hudson vs. Frances R. Hudson.

Ezekiel Howland vs. Elizabeth P. Wright.

C. C. Harris vs. Barney Shriver.

Charles Earle vs. M. C. Edwards.

David Thompson vs. Nathan Hughes.

Lee H. Geer vs. Victor M. Geer et al.

J. T. Hook, guardian, vs. C. T. Bannister.

Wm. H. Gould vs. Wm. J. Hodgen.

E. S. BEDILION, County Clerk.


Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

The Eclectic State Board of Examiners will meet for examination of Physicians and Diplomas at the Central Hotel, Winfield, Kansas, on Tuesday, May 13th, at three o'clock in the afternoon. H. OWENS, M. D., Member of Board.


Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

The Sunday mail will be made up on Saturday evening.

The post office will not be open Sunday mornings, but will open in the evening for one hour from 5 to 6 o'clock, except in bad traveling when the mail fails to arrive in time.

On and after May 1st mails will leave Winfield for Wichita Sunday mornings at 8 o'clock, and mails will arrive at Winfield from Wichita and be distributed here at about 5 1/2 o'clock p.m., after which the Winfield post office will be open one hour for delivery.



Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

The next session of the Cowley County Normal will open Monday, August 4, and will be in session four or five weeks. Professor W. A. Wheeler, of Ottawa, will act as conductor. Several instructors will have charge of classes in the various grades. Instruction will be given in the "A" grade studios and in vocal music. No pains will be spared in making this a profit able session to all who may attend it.


Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Conklin's big swamp was up yesterday noon which shut us off from our dinner. J. C. Walters took pity on our hungry condition and gave us a dinner fit for a king. That ice cream could not be beat. Call at his restaurant just west of the post office.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

The dirt begins to fly. Robert Weakly commenced grading on his contract on the railroad last Monday and we understand that work has been commenced at other places all along the line to Wichita.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.

Mr. John Brooks, of Windsor township, is one of the most enterprising and public spirited men in the county. He brought in the election returns for Harvey, Windsor, and Silver Creek yesterday promptly on time though he encountered on the way two of the most energetic rain and hail storms we ever get.

Winfield Courier, May 1, 1879.


THE CITY RESTAURANT OF DOUGLASS & COPELAND is the place to get your WARM MEALS/CONFECTIONERY & CIGARS, Main Street, 4 doors south of Read's Bank, WINFIELD, KANSAS.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.




Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots, Shoes, etc./BAIRD BROS.


Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Winfield is soon to become an important railroad center. The Cowley, Sumner & Ft. Smith railroad will be built to this place within four or five months, and the Southern Kansas and Western will not be far behind.

Already a city of near 3,000 inhabitants, the population of Winfield will ere long be doubled, etc.


Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

The building of the Southern Kansas and Western railroad from Independence to Winfield within the next ten months is assured. The franchises are voted along the whole line. Louisburg township voted the bonds some weeks ago by an overwhelming majority. Last week Tuesday the Elk townships voted bonds to the road.

On the same day Cowley county voted the bonds by 1200 majority. The company has deposited $10,850, which now cannot be withdrawn and which it must forfeit to Cowley County if the road is not in operation to Winfield within ten months. Major Gunn, the engineer, and Gen. Blair both assure us that it will be built long before the time given, even before the year 1879 expires.


Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

RECAP: $1.50 STRICTLY IN ADVANCE...CASH: OTHERWISE $2.00 PER YEAR...running supplement only because we are crowded with ads, and shall discontinue it whenever ads drop out, so as to give us 15 columns of reading matter in the regular issue.

Please hand in your subscription as early as possible. It will help us in preparing a new and commodious office and in placing therein a new cylinder power press, which shall be done as soon as possible. The Courier will then be enlarged to a 36 column paper...[I gather it will be enlarged if they get enough subscriptions.]


Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

A good white woman cook wanted at Walter's Restaurant.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Mr. L. W. Lawton returned last Monday to his home in the East.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Capt. J. B. Cook, of Ninnescah township, made us a very pleasant call Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

We are under many obligations to Mr. Frank Manny for a nice chunk of ice last week.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

The steamer "None Such," from Little Rock, arrived at Arkansas City last Wednesday.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Capt. Frank Lorry, of West Bolton, was in the city last week. He brought Mrs. R. C. Story a beautiful red bird.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Our young folks had a grand picnic last Saturday in the Hickok grove, on the Walnut, about three miles below town.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

W. P. Hackney returned from Illinois last Saturday, where he has been attending his father, who was very ill, but is now recovering.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

McCommon & Harter now proclaim to the world that they will give a thimble full of lemon juice with four ounces of squirt for half a dime.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

We are pleased to see the well-known form of Mr. Wm. Rogers on our streets again. Mr. Rogers comes down from the Hills to attend court. He will return in a few weeks.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

All Winfield seemed to be out doors Sunday. Vehicles of every description were in great demand, and it was impossible to obtain a rig from either of the four livery stables in town.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Mr. J. S. Mann has been busy opening up his goods this week. He has a very fine stock and is making many improvements in the building in order to show his goods to the best advantage.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Mr. A. Beck has associated with him in the photography business Mr. Dillon, and the firm will hereafter be Beck & Dillon. Mr. Dillon is an artist of long experience and knows his business thoroughly.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Dr. W. G. Graham starts this morning for Boston, Mass., where he goes to attend a meeting of the Supreme Lodge of the Knights of Honor, of which society he is one of the most prominent members.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

76 Horning needs a cast-iron clerk. The boys around his store generally walk about 76 miles a day to wait on the crowd of customers who throng his counters, and don't always get clear around either.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

The several auctioneers on Ninth avenue had the street completely blocked for some time last Saturday. A wagon wheel was broken off and numerous "swears" were indulged in before the "blockade was raised."

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Mullin & Wood are making preparations for another drive of hogs in a few days. It will be the largest drive this season, as they have about eight hundred head of very fine hogs, and are receiving others every day.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Mrs. Mansfield's maple sugar party last Thurday evening was a very pleasant affair, and we hope to meet the same very entertaining hostess and guests many times more before maple sugar goes out of fashion.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Mr. O. F. Boyle came down from Wichita last Sunday to interview the boys and look after his property here. Mr. Boyle looks hale and hearty and is surprised at the strides Winfield has been making since his last visit.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

The very little folks, not to be outdone by their big brothers and sisters, also had a picnic last Saturday, in the grove west of town, where the youthful penchant for "cake, pie, and lots of fun" was indulged in to its fullest extent.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Some fellow from Arkansas City got on a spree Monday and was promptly consigned to the cooler till evening, when he walked up to Judge Boyer's, paid $10 into the city treasury, and started for the "seaport" a sadder if not a wiser man.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Mr. Kretsinger has retired from the editorial staff of the Telegram, Mr. Crapster now being the sole driver of the local quill. Mr. Kretsinger is a spicy writer and did good service during his short career as local editor.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

The City Restaurant, under the efficient management of Messrs. Douglas & Copeland, is fast becoming one of the most popular restaurants in the city.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Max Joseph never forgets the printer. His first and finest lot of "garden sass" found its way to our table, and now our drinks are daily cooled with ice from his wagon. Max has a large lot of ice which he will deliver the coming summer at very reasonable prices.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Somebody ought to issue an injunction on that long-eared quadruped that holds forth in the alley back of Terrill's livery stable, and if they can't "injunct" the ceaseless "yaw-yaw- yaw-aw-aw-a-a-w!" it would be well to appoint a committee of leading citizens to "shoot him on the spot."

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

The many friends of Mr. George Melville will be glad to learn that he has "struck it rich" in Leadville. He had purchased an eighth interest in a prospect on Carbonate Hill, and a few days ago they struck one in large quantities and of a very fine quality. We congratulate George on his good fortune.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Rev. James Cairns has exhibited to us the plans and drawings which have been adopted for the new Baptist Church in this city. They were made by Mr. Bartlett, of Des Moines, Iowa, are a new style of church architecture, and are very beautiful. We think the church will be a very commodious and beautiful structure, and we hope our enterprising Baptist friends will carry out the work as projected. The estimated cost is $6,000, which looks to us very low, but Mr. Cairns assures us that Mr. Bartlett is known for not underestimating.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

L. L. Comfort, the pioneer wood-cutter, is 68 years old May 15th. He will cut wood (for old customers) at 15 cents an hour. Help the old boy to earn a quarter, when you can, "without injury to yourself and family."

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

BLACK FRONT.Lofland is still on hand at the old stand, 2 doors south of Brown & Glass, and sells as cheap as ever. A large assortment of sugars, coffees, teas, etc., always on hand. Go and see him and carry home some of that sugar: 12 pounds for $1.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

In this paper will be found the "ad" of our reliable harness man, F. J. Sydal. Mr. Sydal has had years of practical experience in the harness business, and knows what he is selling.

AD: The Old Reliable HARNESS & SADDLE SHOP/F. J. SYDAL, Proprietor. Shop on Main Street, just north of the crossing on Ninth Avenue.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

School boards would do well to follow the instructions sent out last week by our county superintendent regarding purchase of textbooks for their schools. Book agents will come into the county, but they should be recognized only so far as endorsed by the county superinten dent, and no farther.

[Refers to act of the late legislature, wherein each and every district board in the State is required to adopt, within six months, a uniform series of text-books, to be introduced and used in each separate branch of study. When adopted, books cannot be changed for five years, unless four-fifths of the legal voters of a district petition for a change.]

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Capt. R. L. Walker, of Winfield, arrived in Wichita, last Saturday. He took possession of his office, Register of public lands, last Monday. Capt. Walker is one of Cowley's most popular citizens and we have no doubt that he will prove acceptable to the people having business in his office.Beacon.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Capt. R. L. Walker, our Dick, returned from Wichita last Sunday. He left his office, that of Register of the U. S. Land Office, in good hands during his short absence. He reports business in the land office as very active. We notice that the Wichita press and people receive him kindly, and we predict that ere long he will attain the same wide popularity there which he enjoys here.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Mr. L. C. Gilstrap, of Silverdale, called on us Tuesday. He has just returned from Independence, and says that from Independence this way the dirt is flying lively all along the line of railroad for several miles, and that the ties and iron are arriving in large quantities. He predicts that the road will be completed to Winfield during 1879.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Mr. A. G. Wilson has again launched in the livery business in Winfield, having purchased the interest of Mr. Millspaugh, in the firm of Shenneman and Millspaugh. Mr. Wilson is one of the oldest and most popular liverymen in Winfield, and in days gone by it was a "snide" rig that didn't come from Wilson's livery stable. We wish the new firm success.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Mr. S. H. Dunn is one of the wide-awake, active young men who have cast their lots in Winfield. He brings his young wife and small children and settles down in Winfield to stay. He is from Bloomington, Indiana; an experienced and eminently successful teacher and an attorney at law. We welcome him and his, and hope he will more than realize his hopes and expectations in our midst.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

A. T. Spotswood & Co. received four wagon loads of goods yesterday, being a part of their stock which has been delayed on the road. The have the finest assortment of staple and fancy groceries in the country and are constantly receiving more. Mr. Spotswood knows how to run a grocery store as one look at his handsome storeroom and the immense stock it contains will testify.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Col. Loomis and M. M. Thompson returned from Leadville last Saturday evening, and report everything booming out there. They did not sell their pork, but stored it in Leadville to wait for a rise in prices. They say the roads are lined with wagons going in and footmen coming out, and that there is a general feeling of distrust among the people who have been lured there by the prospect of getting rich in a day, only to find thousands and thousands under the same circumstances as they are, and not getting rich very fast, either.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Cowley County stone is being exported into Sumner County on a very extensive scale this spring. Mr. Caywood has just finished filling several large contracts for cut stone and flagging at Wellington, and has calls for as much as he can deliver. Messrs. Fortner & Cady have also filled several contracts for cut stone at that place. The stone from our quarries is so far superior to that found in Sumner county that the plans and specifications of several new buildings in Wellington call for Cowley County stone.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Two little boys, sons of Mr. Conditt, of Tisdale, met with a mishap last Saturday. The little fellows came to town with a grist to take to the mill and got mixed up in the crowd of auctioneers on Ninth avenue, when somebody ran into their wagon, tearing a wheel off and stopping their progress quite suddenly. The boys felt pretty bad about it, but manfully smothered their feelings, and while one started out in quest of a neighbor to carry their load back home, the other stood guard over the broken wagon to see that no one pulled the other wheels off. Such self-dependence is rarely seen as was displayed by these little fellows, neither of them being over 8 years old.

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Creek, the cow thief, plead guilty to the charge of grand larceny last Monday. He had gone into the cow business very extensively, having stolen three cows in as many weeks. The first one he stole to get funds wherewith to "jump the country," but got gloriously drunk before he started and had to make another raise or go afoot. Not being much of a pedestrian, and having a penchant for adapting himself to surrounding circumstances, "he launched his fate upon the turbid sea of speculation" and stole another cow. But, alas! the cow market was unsteady and sales full, and before the last invoice was disposed of, Marshal Stevens had nabbed him, and he lies languishing in the little red brick across the "swamp."

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Last Friday a small boy stepped into Bisbee's shoe shop with four-pound cowhide boots under his arm that looked as they might have been an heirloom in the family for several generations, and asked him to "stretch `em out a little," which he proceeded to do by cutting a slit in the instep and inserting a patch. After the job was finished the boy pulled a solitary nickel from his pocket and offered it in payment for the work. Bisbee couldn't see the point, and reaching for the boots, cut out the patches and returned them to the boy with the remark that "time was money, and he wasn't one of your five-cent men." The boy took the boots, looked at them for a moment, and then, as a quizzical expression came over his features, said: "Say, mister, I don't like to take nuthin' offin a man: suppose you jest pull out them thar holes what you cut in them insteps!" It won't be safe to ask Bisbee anything about it for some time yet.


Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Mr. Ezra Meech has a fine Jersey bull and two heifers of the same stock which can be seen by visiting his premises in the north part of this city. They are pure blooded, of the very best pedigree and are of the best milking stock in the world. These cows, when properly cared for, will produce twenty pounds of butter each per week. The dam of the animal first mentioned produced in June, 1877, 2 lbs. and 14 oz. of butter per day.

Mr. Meech has also one hundred fine Paular Merino bucks and some two hundred ewes. We visited him last week in shearing time and saw clippings of fifteen to twenty-three pounds of fine wool per head. He proposes to cross these with the native sheep and thereby raise a hardy race of sheep, producing heavy fleeces of fine long staple wool.

Mr. Meech is a genuine Vermonter and understands the sheep business to perfection. His fine stock and large experience will prove of inestimable value to the farmers of this county.


Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

The court commenced its session on Monday. His Honor W. P. Campbell presiding. Present: E. S. Bedilion, clerk; C. L. Harter, sheriff; E. S. Torrance, prosecuting attorney, and a full corps of local attorneys.

The docket was called and several cases were disposed of as follows: State vs. Creek. The defendant plead guilty to three indictments for cow stealing. He was returned to the jail to await his sentence.

The following cases were continued.

Mercy M. Funk vs. Cynthia Clark et al.

Sarah E. Aldrich vs. James A. Kerr et al.

Hamilton vs. French.

Lee H. Geer vs. Victor M. Geer et al.

S. L. Brettun vs. J. P. Sallinger et al.

Sherwood vs. Voit.

The following were dismissed.

Chicago Lumber Co. vs. J. C. McMullen.

J. C. Fuller vs. James Keith et al.

Fortner & Cady vs. E. C. Manning.

W. D. Lester vs. Julia A. Ralston et al.

Calvin Dean vs. John J. Clark.

Michael Harkins vs. J. W. Keffer.

Judgment was taken for plaintiff in the following cases in default.

John D. Pryor vs. S. J. Green.

J. M. Brettun vs. G. Titus et al.

J. C. McMullen, adm'r. vs. Stephen Johnson.

M. L. Robinson vs. J. M. Midkiff et al.

S. L. Brettun vs. Franklin Lindley.

S. L. Brettun vs. S. C. Winton et al. [2 cases]

A. W. Graham vs. McKnown et al.

S. E. Aldrich vs. E. A. Goodrich et al.

J. C. Fuller vs. Cowley Co. Ag. Society.

C. C. Harris vs. Levi Fluke et al.

W. M. Copeland vs. S. E. Requa et al.

All civil cases were continued over to next week.


State vs. Small, murder, set for Thursday.

State vs. Gibson, rape and incest. Trial commenced, and the testimony showed that the victim's name was Manda instead of Amanda, as stated in the information. The court refused leave to amend the information at that stage, and the county attorney entered a "nolie," the prisoner was held to await his action, a new information was made, and a new preliminary examination before Justice Buckman, and he was committed again for trial at this term of the court.

State against Frank Manny, shooting of James Kelly. Trial commenced and the testimony of James Kelly was in progress when the court adjourned for the day.


Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Council met in regular session Monday evening.

Petition to stop the depositing of manure and carion on lots between the machine shop and timber was presented. City Attorney requested to draw a health ordinance.

Petition of E. G. Cole for druggist's license was referred back for corrections.

Petition of M. Fleming for druggist's license presented and referred back on account of incompleteness and for bond.

City Attorney instructed to prepare ordinance covering the licensing of auctioneers, etc.

Committee on wells reported in favor of sinking four or six wells within the fire limits. Report received and committee further instructed to locate the wells and advertise for bids.

Bill of C. C. Stevens for marshal's salary presented; bill allowed to amount to $43.83 1/2.

Bill of Walch & Smiley of $17.50 for street crossings presented and referred to committee on streets and alleys. Bill from same for sidewalk referred to same committee.

Bill of Geo. Gray of $1.00 for burying dead dog and hogs presented and allowed.

Bills of Conklin Bros. of $53.76, and Allison & Crapster of $54.75, for city printing, presented and referred to committee on Finance.

Committee on streets and alleys reported finally on bill of Fortner & Cady for bill of $60, and bill allowed.

The city engineer reported that he had established the sidewalk grade on block No. 130, Main street, and placed marks on the buildings 3 feet above the gradethat some of the walks were on grade, and others above grade. Report received and filed, and street commissioner instructed to notify property owners to bring their walks to the grade.

The city engineer was instructed to inspect the street crossings of 9th and 10th avenues and Loomis street, and report the best and cheapest plan of constructing the same.

The marshal was instructed to procure temporary shelter and board for Wm. Fox, a pauper, at the lowest rate possible.

Bill of city attorney and city clerk for salary presented and allowed.

Application of the Citizen's Bank for permission for their frame building to remain in the street until the new one can be erected was laid over till next meeting.

Council adjourned till Friday night.


Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

The Board of Education, elect, met Monday evening in pursuance of the provisions of the law for the purpose of effecting an organization.

The meeting was called to order by Mr. M. G. Troup, after which officers for the ensuing year were elected as follows.

President: F. S. Jennings.

Vice President: N. L. Rigby.

Clerk: Fred C. Hunt.

The clerk's salary was fixed at $50.00 per annum.

The Treasurer's bond was fixed at $10,000.

Resolution passed that no application for position as teacher be considered until after the middle of June, and that in the meantime all applications be filed with the Clerk of the Board.

Board adjourned to meet again at the office of Jennings & Buckman, when the report of the retiring Board will be received. A full attendance of the retiring Board at that time is



Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.


Beaver 75 10

Bolton, east 3 24

Bolton, west 20 9

Cedar, east 8 14

Cedar, west 13 13

Cresswell 42 182

Dexter 27 29

Harvey 51 5

Liberty 11 11

Maple 10 33

Ninnescah 16 16

Omnia 30 17

Otter, north 2 18

Otter, south 2 27

Pleasant Valley 32 4

Richland, north 30 3

Richland, south 47 5

Rock 73 5

Sheridan 62 2

Silver Creek 31 3

Silverdale 20 22

Spring Creek 5 27

Tisdale 69 1

Vernon 74 4

Windsor 140

Winfield 183 1

Winfield, city, 1st ward 287 2

Winfield, city, 2nd ward 252 1

TOTAL: ................ 1,612 438

Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

Conklin says he did not have to dodge a sheriff in order to get to Winfield. Well, who "in thunder" said you did? But since you have suggested the matter and have tried to insinuate that someone else did, we conclude not to take your word for it. What made you think of the thing unless it was true of yourself, and you thought it necessary to deny and cry "stop, thief!" to divert attention from yourself?

Doubtless you were there, as you are hereThe guardian of the public morals, but you have such a hang-dog countenance that you might have been accused by your neighbors of poisoning their dogs and other mean things and you might have jumped the country.


Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.


M. G. Troup, county clerk, to C. R. Mitchell,

lot 8, blk 82, Ark City Taxes.

M. G. Troup, county clerk to Mary C. Hartsock,

lots 34 and 5, blk 39, Ark City.

D. A. Millington as guardian, to J. L. M. Hill,

lots 1 to 12, blk 71, Winfield. $835.

C. B. Page to Maggie E. Page,

lot 9, blk 128, Winfield. $100

Meigs & Tisdale to Lizzie M. Theaker,

lot 16, blk 130, Ark City. $20.

C. R. Sipes, to W. S. Houghton, lot 22, blk 83, Ark City. $20.


Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

The partnership heretofore existing under the firm name of Lofland & Gale is this day, by mutual consent, dissolved. The business will be continued by S. H. Lofland, he assuming all the indebtedness and collecting all the accounts due the firm.


Winfield, Ks., May 3, 1879.


Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

There will be a meeting of the Officers and Directors of the Walnut Valley Fair Association, on the 17th inst., at the office of Col. Alexander, in this city, at 12 o'clock m.



Winfield Courier, May 8, 1879.

NOTICE. JOHNSTON & HILL have been appointed Agents for J. W. Stout & Co.'s Marble Works. All parties wishing HEADSTONES, TOMBSTONES, or anything of the kind will find it to their advantage to call on them before looking elsewhere. They also keep on hand a full line of Burial Cases, Metallic Cases, and Coffins.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 15, 1879. - Front Page.

A Rich Discovery.

The following is from the Leadville Reveille. The George Melville mentioned is our George, and his many friends in this city and county will congratulate him on his good fortune should his one-eighth prove as rich a fortune as is represented in this article.

"For several days past rumors of a rich strike on Carbonate Hill have been circulated about town, but not till yesterday did such rumors become facts, and last evening great was the excitement. This rich find of carbonate has been made on Carbonate hill, within a quarter of a mile of the city limits, and the shaft house on the mine can be seen from any part of Chestnut street. It is on what is called the Judge Pendery mine, which is located south of the Crescent and west of the Yankee Doodle mines.

"Judge Pendery, a well known attorney of this city, selected last July a place in which to sink a shaft, and with himself, L. M. Goddard, E. H. Gruber, and others, let a contract on the 19th of last December to begin sinking. At the first the shaft passed through 40 feet of wash, containing boulder and sand, after which porphory was struck, through which the shaft steadily progressed a distance of 140 feet further.

"On last Saturday, the 19th of April, just four months from commencement, iron was struck. On the 21st carbonate appeared, the first being gray sand carbonates. This stratum was 6 inches in thickness, and two assays being made showed respectively, 342 and 447 ounces of silver per ton. After through the sand carbonates with chlorides were found, the first assay from this showed 263 ounces, and the next 298 ounces per ton. These hard carbon ates have been sunk into 2 1/2 feet and show remarkable increase in richness and quantity. Yesterday afternoon a selected piece, the least taken out, was assayed by Messrs. Hayes & Wood, and the wonderful result of 14,080 ounces per ton was obtained. This shows a coin value of $15,206 per ton.

"One great result of this discovery has been to dissipate the idea of all experts, and in fact the prevailing opinion, that but one contact vein or strata of carbonates exist, at least on Carbonate hill. This discovery is 150 feet below the contact on which are located the Crescent, Yankee Doodle, Carbonate, and other mines. This may be the means of inducing others to sink on down and eventually open up bodies of ore that will astonish the world.

"Governor Tabor, General Bearce, and others have visited the mine, and after a thorough examination, we learn have expressed the opinion that this is the greatest strike ever made in the camp and will be worth millions to Leadville.

"The present owners in the mine are as follows, with the fractional share owned by each: J. L. Pendery, one-fourth;

L. M. Goddard, one-eighth; Mr. Dunning, of Kansas, one-eighth;

E. H. Gruber, one-eighth; George Fryer, one-eighth; Judge Ballou, one-eighth; and George Melville, one-eighth. We congratulate all the gentlemen on the prospect of an early fortune."


Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

GROUSE CREEK, May 12, 1879.

As I am comparatively a stranger in this part of the country, I will not be able to give you as much news as some others.

Commencing at Lazette, the first person I called upon was Dr. Chapman. The Doctor had moved into his new building; had added dry goods and groceries to his drug business. He seemed to be doing a large business, in fact, was in excellent spirts.

I met Mr. Baker on the street. He used to be the jolly, good-natured blacksmith of Benderville. He had not time to talk; ten teams waiting with plows heaped around the sthop till you could scarcely find your way into the door. He was sweating, and I presume had been down to the well taking a drink.

I met an old acquaintance on the street, who introduced me to McD. Stapleton. McD. was busy, but laid down the cigars and in a few minutes we were smoking and happy; discussing railroads and general business. McD. is courteous and genial, and from the way he handles dry goods, shows he understands his business.

The sights of Lazette: the two leading stores, Chapman and Stapleton are doing a business little short of your best business houses of Winfield. I must pass over the others, as my acquaintance is not sufficient to mention their names.

I wandered down the creek passing the beautiful farm of Mr. Brooks, all surrounded by stone fence and a hundred acres of wheat to gaze upon as you pass Benderville. Here I met Mr. Craft, one of those whole-souled men that we are always happy to meet. He showed me his farm, one of the finest in the country, fine buildings and the largest and finest residence in this part of the county.

I called over to see Charley Jones. I found no change in Charley since the time he surveyed in the Indian Territory, or when he ran a business in Lazette. He looks as young as ever; but now he has a wife and baby, and such a pretty baby! Charley was all smiles, and seemed as happy as a lark. He is the only merchant of this place and is doing a large business.


Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

MAY 10, 1879.

Miss Jennie Rouzee is teaching a subscription school at Enterprise.

If our farmers would not be pestered with calf buyers, they should muzzle their young kine so that Wm. Butcher cannot hear their mellow voice, thus betraying their locality.

Miss Amelia Jones is conducting a subscription school at Beaver Center.

J. M. Hawthorne rejoiceth over the advent of a plow boy.

Giser against the world as a blacksmith.

How the feud originated deponent telleth not, but suffice it to say that an attempt at strangulation caused a crimson stream to issue forth from the strangulatorhe could not withstand such positively warm embraces. [???]

As Mr. John Lucas had the misfortune to lose a team this spring, thereby rendering him unable to put in a crop, several of our good citizens showed their appreciation of his manliness and sympathy for his condition by having a plowing bee Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday of this week. The following named parties constitute the roll of honor, and who believe in helping a weary brother to pull against the stream: Messrs. John Miller, Buck Tannehill, Wilson Shaw, Wm. Beach, Wm. Butcher, James Williams, John Browning, Zack Whitson, Hiliary Holthy, and another gentleman whose modesty prevents publishing his name.

Last Monday Miss Amy Robertson began a three months' term of school in district No. 44.

The irrepressible Joe. Painter has ceased giving instruction in driving obstinate mules, and is now directing his energies in a new channel: catching (?) whales in the Arkansas river.

He went to the second class city as usual right side up with care, but $500 licensed fire- water which was imbibed too freely had disturbed the equilibrium of his team and he returned home with locomotive powers reversed and throttle-valve wide open. Result: a demoralized wagon and a demoniac man. Last Saturday's atmosphere was apparently loaded with an intoxicating stupor, anyhow, so we forgive just this once; the intial letter of his surname is not H.


Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Lofland, of the black front, has been repainting his building.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

R. Ehret has returned to his old quarters at the National saloon.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

C. H. Payson is the "boss" newspaper reporter of the court proceedings.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Herman Jochems has put up a fine street lamp in front of his business house.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

The cellar of the new Winfield Bank Building will be ready for the mason work this week.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Sheriff Harter had three teams out last Saturday and Sunday to get jurymen in the Small case. The Small trial is likely to last through the term to the exclusion of the other business of the court.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

BIRTH. Mr. A. A. Knox, one of the best farmers in Winfield township, is the happy father of an 11 pound girl.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Smoke the "Laurel Wreath," the best five cent cigar in the market; at McCommon & Harter's drug store.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

The family of Mr. A. T. Spotswood arrived last Saturday evening and consequently our worthy grocer is happy.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Our friend, J. L. Berkey, and Miss Nelly Martin were married last Thursday evening. Rev. James Cairns tied the silken knot.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

The Daily Telegram has got a new head and looks quite metropolitan. This does not look like an early "play out" as some croaker predicted.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Mrs. Judge Campbell came down from Wichita last Saturday to spend a few days among her friends in Winfield while the judge is holding court.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Ed. and George Walker have gone down into the Sac and Fox country, but not to settle. They do not belong to the Carpenter Kansas City Times breed.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Bliss & Co. received last week a fine lot of maple sugar, "just like your mother used to make," from friends in New York. We know it's good, for we've had some.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

E. E. Bacon, the "boss" silversmith, has left Goldsmith and moved into the room lately occupied by the Citizen's Bank, where he exhibits a splendid stock of silverware, clocks, watches, and jewelry.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

A. G. Wilson drops into the livery business again as natural as life just as though he had never sold milk tickets at a dollar a bushel, or two and a half cents apiece. He is bound to keep business moving.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Mrs. E. E. Bacon gets up the best ice cream you ever saw or tasted, and if you don't believe it, go around to the late Citizen's Bank-room and try it. We did so the other evening, and that is how we came to know about it.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Judge Campbell has appointed Messrs. J. L. Huey, W. D. Roberts, and W. B. Norman commissioners to assess damage to land, crops, buildings, etc., by reason of the right of way of the Cowley, Sumner & Ft. Smith R. R. through Cowley county. They will commence their work on the 9th day of June next.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Adam E. Schatz, of Goldore fame, has returned to Winfield and acts as though he intended to stay, gold or no gold. In such a county as this, he will find plenty of opportunity to invst his money, time, and talents in something that will pay, though there should be no paying mineral in the county.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Mr. Pompella, of Bellflower, Ill., a friend of T. R. Tuner, has been in town several days looking around with a view of locating. Mr. Pompella has been extensively engaged in the grain business for several years, and wishes to find a favorable location for the same business in Kansas.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

The game of baseball, which was the result of a challenge, resulted in a close game, in which the challengers won by a "majority of three." E. A. Millard, of Tisdale, secretary of the Tisdale club, challenged the winning nine, and it is arranged for a match game next Friday afternoon on the same grounds. We "guess" that Tisdale will win.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Messrs. Pool & Hendricks, from Quincy, Illinois, have opened a paint shop over Mater & Son's blacksmith shop, on South Main street. These gentlemen come recommended as first-class carriage painters, having worked in some of the best carriage shops in the country, and they will undoubtedly do well here.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Owing to the low prices of hogs in the market, Mullin & Wood have put off their drive for awhile. Their stock is doing well, and in case there should be no advance, they will get well paid for their care and attention. They have on hand 700 head and more to come in when called for, all in splendid condition.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Mr. T. A. Wilkinson has some of the best musical instruments extant and his prices are the lowest. He has sold twenty-five organs and five pianos within the last few months, all of which are giving the best satisfaction.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

N. C. Clark and A. M. Squire, of Vernon township, have one of the finest young nurseries in the State and are prepared to supply fruit and ornamental trees, bulbous roots, flowers, and plants. They have a new seedling strawberry of their own production, which is more hardy and promises to rank with the Wilson's Albany as a fruit bearer. We were favored last week with a specimen quart of these berries and pronounce them first class.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Mr. Warren Gillelen and lady returned home last Saturday. We have not met the lady, but we hear many compliments of her from her friends and acquaintances at Olathe. She is, or was rather, a ward of Governor St. John, and a favorite in the society in which she moved. We congratulate our friend Gillelen on his new state of felicity and wish him and his all the joy that may fall to the lot of mortals. Mr. Gillelen is one of our best and most highly esteemed businessmen and is worthy of his good fortune.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Died. Devine Terrell, an old subscriber, died at his home in Sheridan township on the 7th inst. His complaint was of about five months standing and was seated in the stomach, being such that he could keep no food upon his stomach. The physicians consider it a peculiar case and do not agree upon it. Mr. Terrell was one of the first settlers of that township, an industrious, intelligent, and enterprising farmer, a whole-souled and honorable man, and one of our most valued citizens.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

J. C. Fuller and wife have been absent on a trip to Kansas City and Fort Scott for the past week.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Mr. J. S. Mann has refitted and refurnished the Boyer building on Main street, and has opened his stock of clothing, hats, caps, books, shoes, and gent's outfitting goods. Mr. Mann has been in the clothing business for years and has the advantage of buying his goods at the very lowest wholesale prices, which advantage he proposes to give his customers by selling at the lowest reasonable rates and at ONE PRICE ONLY.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Noticing that many ill-looking men go into Foultz Bro.'s barber shop and none but good- looking men come out, we last week visited that locality to investigate. We discovered that when a rough-visaged man came in either Jack or Harry would give him a clean shave for ten cents and a good trimming for a trifle more, and that the customer enjoyed the operation and went out transformed in appearance. Before we went in we looked so mean that we were mistaken for Tilden, but when we came out we passed for "Old Grant."

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

We were pleased to meet Mr. John Howe, of Indpendence, last Saturday evening. Mr. Howe represents the well-known firm of Baden Bros., of Independence, and came here to locate a branch house. He came in Saturday afternoon, was taken in hand by our enterprising land and loan agents, Messrs. Gilbert & Jarvis, and before supper he had rented a building, the lease was drawn up, all the business transacted, and he was ready to start back for goods. The firm which Mr. Howe represents is one of the largest wholesale and retail houses in the Southwest, and supply most of the retail firms throughout Montgomery, Elk, and Chautauqua counties. They will open out in the Martin building, on South Main street, sometime during next week.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Last Friday afternoon a lively gent from the country was in Joe's saloon, and not behaving to suit, Joe ordered him out, when he seized a cuss, and threatened vengeance. Someone called out "Police!" and the country gent ran away like an antelope, with Ed. Nicholson and several others after him, followed by an excited crowd of men, boys, bootblacks, loafers, and school was just out, and a crowd of school children followed in the wake, making a very exciting and amusing affair of it. The pursued was finally overtaken and captured and marched back into Main street followed by the crowd. Here two ladies fell upon the prisoner and cried and moaned as though he was their only stay and support and was going to his execution. The prisoner was taken before Judge Boyer and Joe was summoned to make his complaint. Joe appeared and said he had no complaint to make, and no one else having any, the prisoner was told he could go, but someone suggested that he should jump out of the window and let the crowd have another race, which he accordingly did, and someone sung out that the prisoner had escaped. Again, there was excitement and rushing to and fro and searching in every notch and room along the street to find him. When found he was marching proudly along the sidewalk with a lady on each arm, but was not further



Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Gov. St. John has commissioned A. H. Green of this city as Brigadier General of the Kansas State militia. If the Governor is as fortunate in all his appointments, he may well be congratulated. As a civilian, Mr. Green is one of our most active, enterprising businessmen, and whatever faults he may have had, he is always true to his friends and never counts the cost when he can do them a service.

As a military officer he has a clear and honorable record. Of unquestioned courage, quick perceptions, sound judgment, and ready execution, he is will qualified for his position. Nor is he lacking in military experience. He was a soldier in the Union army all through the war for the preservation of the nation and a participant in some of the hardest fought battles of the war. He is a native of Muscatine County, Iowa; lived in Indiana, where, at the age of 18, he enlisted and was commissioned captain of Company D, 48th Indiana volunteers, before he arrived at the age of 20. Under his command this company made a good record, and was known as the best drilled company in the brigade.

He was an active participant in the campaign down the Mississippi, which culminated in the fall of Vicksburg, and was with Sherman in his "famous march to the sea," serving a part of the time as aid-de-camp on the staff of Gen. W. T. Clark. He received high testimonials for his ability and conduct as an officer from his regimental officers up to Maj. Gen. Sherman himself. He was engaged in the battles of Euka, Corinth, Raymond, Jackson, Champion Hills, Black River, seige of Vicksburg, Mission Ridge, Lookout Mountain, and many others through to the sea and on through the Carolinas.


Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Mr. O. F. Boyle is again at home in Winfield after a successful campaign in Wichita, in which he has bought and shipped about two millions of bushels of wheat. But his gigantic wheat operations are not his only successes. He is a partner in the great Pendery mine on Carbonate hill, Leadville, Colorado, which promises to prove the greatest discovery of this age of great discoveries, and our Tony Boyle and George Melville are likely soon to take rank among the bonanza millionaire kings. We congratulate our friends on their good fortune and believe it could not have fallen into better and worthier hands. Mr. Boyle is an ardent friend to Winfield and Cowley county, an energetic and straightforward businessman, and a fortune in his hands would be of the greatest benefit to this county of his home and heart.

The Leadville Reveille remarks of this mine: "Were it simply a discovery of carbonates, that would in a few short months produce a few million dollars, it would be nothing com pared to what this strike really is."

The carbonate vein is reported to be fully 3 1/2 feet thick and of unknown width and length. In the middle of the vein specimens assayed upwards of $19,000 per ton and decreased in richness toward the outside, where it assayed $518. Just outside the vein, rock and dirt assayed $45 per ton, which, had it been the richest of the lode, would make it a bonanza. Nothing in the great Comstock and Consolidate Virginia were ever equal to these assays. If these mines hold out as rich as is now promised for them, the question arises, What is to be done with all the silver? Will it not become as cheap as iron?


Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.


The case of the State vs. Manny occupied the time of the court up to last Friday evening, when the jury brought in a verdict of assault and battery. The punishment is a fine not exceeding $500 and imprisonment not exceeding one year.

Defendant's counsel gave notice of a motion for a new trial.


Saturday morning was occupied in impanneling a jury in the case of State vs. Small for the killing of Starbuck. The court adjourned to Monday.

Lucius Knight, of Arkansas City, has been appointed stenographer in the District Court now in session.

Upon Saturday last the trial of Francis Small for the murder of Jacob Starbuck began. At 1 o'clock the court convened at Manning's Opera Hourse and after examining over sixty the following named gentlemen were chosen to try the case: Jared Fisher, C. A. Roberts, F. M. Vaughn, N. J. Funk, A. J. McCollin, E. Rogers, G. N. Fowler, J. M. Longshore, Harry Bryan, Henry H. Buss, D. N. Mycoff, and John P. Denton.

The first witness examined was Mr. J. W. Hamilton. He said that Mr. Starbuck had bought Mr. Small's place and it was agreed between them that Starbuck was to have $20 worth of corn the same being a part of the crop then on the farm.

S. M. Jarvis was next called, and after a great deal of "worrying" he was made to say Small had come to him and requested him not to make a loan to Starbuck that was then talked of between Starbuck and him (Jarvis). Small said he wanted to get the farm back from Starbuck and did not want Starbuck to mortgage it. That Starbuck had wronged himhad robbed him of his farm and said "He (Starbuck) must fix the matter up and if he did not, they both could not live."

Small told him (Jarvis) that unless the matter was fixed up satisfactorily, he would fix him (Starbuck). Witness said that Small seemed angry and out of humor.

Charles Sanders was next called to the stand. Witness said he saw Small on the 14th of Februaryabout one week before the shooting. Small told him that Starbuck had given him notes for his farm and the notes had proven to be worthless. Witness said that he suggested to Small that he (Small) get some of his friends to go and see Starbuck and try and settle the difficulty. Small replied, "It will be of no use. The thing has gone too far. I can't get rid of him and I have plenty of friends to help me."

Mrs. Sanders, the wife of last witness, was next called. She remembered seeing Small at their house at the time spoken of by her husband. Small told her he was broke up, and said, "I can't stand itI won't stand it. D m him, he shall lay low."

Upon cross-examination she said she did not know what Small meant by saying, "He shall lay low," but that she thought from the manner in which he said it that he meant to kill him.

Oliver Whitehed was the next witness. He lived with his father just across the road from the farm which Small had sold to Starbuck. He saw Starbuck the morning he was shot. Starbuck and his little boy were picking corn. He saw Perry, Small, and Morrow in the same field also picking corn. They were about ten rods from Starbuck. Witness saw Small go up towards Starbuck and pull off his coat. Starbuck put his hand in the breast pocket of his coat and ordered Small to leave the place. Small said, "All right, but I'll arrest you before night." Small then went back to his wagon and they all drove off, leaving Starbuck in the field. Witness afterwards saw Small, Perry, Al, Thomas, Ab. Thomas, and Morrow get into a wagon at Morrow's place and drive over to Starbuck's field again. He stated that he saw them drive around Starbuck's wagon and all jump out but two. They had just fairly got out of the wagon when the shot was fired.

The witness seemed a little flustered upon cross examination.

Our reporter has not "boiled down" the evidence of Reuben Starbuck. His testimony, together with the substance of all the evidence in the case will appear in our columns next week.

The trial is progressing slowly and in all probability will last the greater part of this week. Possibly it will consume the entire week.


Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.


T. E. Allen to G. Simmons, lots 3 and 4, blk 166, Winfield, $350.

Read & Robinson and wives to E. F. Widner, lots 3 and 6, blk 96, Winfield. $175.

D. R. Meigs and wife to W. S. Houghton, lot 11, blk 68, Arkansas City. $250.

S. P. Channell and wife to S. S. Houghton, lot 24, blk 66, Arkansas City. $55.

W. M. Sleeth and wife to W. S. Houghton, lots 5 and 6, blk 142, Arkansas City. $40.

M. G. Troup, county clerk, to W. S. Houghton, lot 13, blk 69, Arkansas City. Taxes.

S. H. Myton and wife to C. R. and S. R. Aldrich, lots 1, 2, 3, 10, 11, and 12, blk 67, Winfield. $450.

R. L. Walker and wife to J. C. McMullen, n 1/2 of lot 1, blk 7, and lots 10, 11, and 12, blk 48, Winfield. $1,000.

C. J. McIntire to W. S. Houghton, lot 11, blk 138, Arkansas City. $25.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Mr. E. C. Sales is putting up a patent lime-kiln on the land of Mr. A. A. Wiley in the canon beyond the Tunnel mill. When this kiln gets well into operation, it is expected that it will be able to supply Winfield any day and all the time, there being no delay to wait for burning. It will be ready in about three weeks. The stone at that place is the best in the county for lime.

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

WINFIELD, KANS., May 12, 1879.

D. A. MILLINGTON, ESQ.Dear Sir: Having learned that several flocks of the sheep of this county are afflicted more or less with the scab, and believing that the disease is spread more by shearer's clothes than by any other source, I would suggest that it would be wise in flock masters to adopt some precautionary measure, either that the shearers boil their shearing clothes in a decoction of strong tobacco or get new ones. Perhaps a word of warning from you might profit some of your readers. Truly yours, EZRA MEECH.


Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

I. L. Comfort, the pioneer wood-cutter, is 68 years old May 15th. He will cut wood (for old customers) at 15 cents an hour. Help this old boy to earn a quarter, when you can, "without injury to yourself or family."


Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Our wife has got a new No. 8 (that is what they call it), and is happy. We are happy, too, because she is so smiling and cheerful and does not make a clatter like a threshing machine when she runs her machine; besides she does not get tired, but sleeps sweetly at night.

We told D. F. Best to deliver to her the best sewing machine that ever was made, and believe he has obeyed to the letter, at least our wife thinks so.

The points of superiority she claims for it are:

1st. It is noiseless.

2nd. It is worked with the greatest ease.

3rd. It works rapidly.

4th. It makes substantial work.

5th. The work is neat and beautiful.

6th. It does every kind of work.

7th. It is always in repair.

8th. It is a beautiful piece of furniture.

And, finally, she would not have any other kind in the house.


Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

M. B. Rupp has a fine barn in progress.

Mr. Shenneman has a small house built on his farm.

Hedge laying has been carried on to some extent this spring.

Farmers are improving their farms, some in building fence, laying out groves, orchards, and planting them with trees.

Wm. Carter is sick with rheumatism.

Mrs. Kimball is quite sick with hemorrhage of the lungs.

One of Dock Oldham's little girls has been very sick a long time. She was first taken with the measles, then other


Rev. J. A. Rupp preaches every two weeks at Valley View at eleven o'clock.

District No. 48 has for the first time started a Sunday school, with J. A. Rupp, Supt.; Chas. McClung, Ass't Supt.; Mary McClung, Sec.; Ada Kimble, Librarian and Treasurer. All are invited. We can now boast of three Sabbath schools.

Pleasant Grove will have a picnic the last of May. All the schools around will be invited.

Mt. Zion Sunday school is to have a concert.

Mr. Emory Tibbs, from Illinois, is stopping with Mr. Rupp. He likes it well here.


Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

BLACK FRONT.Lofland is still on hand at the old stand, 2 doors south of Brown & Glass, and sells as cheap as ever. A large assortment of sugar, coffees, teas, etc., always on hand. Go and see him and carry home some of that sugar 12 pounds for $1. [AD]


Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Notice is hereby given that the Board of County Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas, will meet at the office of the County Clerk of said county on Monday, June 2d, A. D. 1879, for the purpose of fairly and impartially equallizing the valuation of all property returned by the assessors for the year 1879; at which time and place all persons feeling themselves aggrieved by their assessment can appear and have all errors in the returns corrected. M. G. TROUP, County Clerk.


Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

WINFIELD, KANS., May 5, 1879.

The firm of Berkey & Weston is this day dissolved by mutual consent, J. L. Berkey taking the Agricultural department, and J. T. Weston the Hardware; J. L. Berkey assuming all debts con-tracted for agricultural implements, and J. T. Weston assuming all debts contracted for hardware. J. L. BERKEY, J. T. WESTON.


Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

The Cowley County Normal will open Monday, August 4, and will close the first week in September. William A. Wheeler, of Ottawa, Geo. W. Robinson, of Winfield, Miss Lillian F. Hoxie, of Fort Scott, and Superintendent Story will have charge of the classes. Three grades will be formed, and work adapted to each grade will be given. The aim of conductor and instructors will be to make the labors of this session fruitful in the practical work of the school-room.

At the close of the Institute proper a county organization of the teachers will be effected, and two or three days will be given to discussion of the needs of country schools and to consideration of matters of general and special interest to the teachers. Can not every teacher in Cowley county attend this session and start in at the beginning? Teachers must realize the fact that they must either keep abreast of their professional work and progress or else fall behind and out of the ranks.


Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Prof. A. B. Lemmon, of Topeka, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, has sold his interest in the Winfield COURIER to Mr. D. A. Millington, the editor and former senior member of the firm. Mr. Millington will as heretofore run the COURIER upon the same old principles, and no doubt continue to make it rank among the best and most able weekly papers in the State. Howard Journal.


Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

The state board of railroad assessors have put the following valuation per mile upon the different lines within the state.

Central Branch $4,200

Waterville & Washington $4,000

Republican Branch $4,200

G. S. Valley & Denver $4,200

A. Rep. Valley & Pacific $3,000

St. Joe & Denver $4,000

Atchison & Nebraska $4,500

Kansas Central $2,500

M. R. F. S. & G. $7,000

L. S. G. & M. $4,000

Joplin $4,200

Lawrence & Galveston $4,750

K. C. & S. F. $4,750

Southern Kansas $4,750

K. C. B. & S. F. $3,700

Mo. & Western $3,400

Junction City & Fort Kearney $4,000

Solomon Valley $3,500

K. P. (organized counties) $7,000

K. P. (unorganized counties) $5,000

K. C. T. & W. $7,000

P. H. & D. $3,000

Wichita & Southwestern $6,000

Florence, El Dorado & Walnut $4,000

M. K. & T. main line $7,000

M. K. & T. Neosho division $4,000

M. K. & T. Osage division $3,750

St. L., L. & W. $2,000

Winfield Courier, May 15, 1879.

Company A of the Sixteenth Infantry, under command of Captain Morse, from Ft. Riley, arrived in Wichita Monday night. These troops are for a guard on the border against white settlers makiing a raid on the Indians and their lands. The President is in earnest.

Wichita Eagle.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 22, 1879. - Front Page.

Cowley, Sumner & Ft. Smith Railroad CompanyDirectors: C. C. Burr, Boston, President; W. B. Strong, Vice President and General Manager; Thos. Nickerson, L. T. Burr, G. A. Nickerson, Boston; J. R. Mulvane, Ross Burns, Topeka; G. A. Hamilton, of Belle Plaine, Jas. E. Platter, Winfield, L. K. Myers, Wellington, C. K. Holliday, Topeka; G. L. Goodwin, Treasurer and Assistant Secretary; E. Wilder, Secretary and Assistant Treasurer.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, May 22, 1879. - FRONT PAGE.

EDITOR COURIER:Perhaps a word from the great Indian and cattle region would interest the readers of your paper. I will be brief and give as much news in as little space as possible.

The cattle drive from Texas, north, has just begun. The first herd of 300 head passed Cimarron ranche north of Camp Supply, for Dodge City about May 5th. Many others are on the trail and the drive will be good this year. Stock wintered in the northern part of the Territory and in the western counties of Kansas, are a little thin, owing to the hard winter and dry spring.

At Caldwell officers of the Cherokee Nation represented they were there for the purpose of "collecting a tax" of the stock men for pasturage in the Territory, and the matter is creating considerable comment and general dissatisfaction. If it is carried out, stock men will be compelled to drive to the Pan Handle of Texas or Western Kansas. The pasturage that these Indians want pay for, is never used by the Indians and has been burned off every fall for years.

About half way between Ft. Reno and Camp Supply, near the Post, we saw millions of young grasshoppers, but they were confined to a space of a few miles, and but little fears were entertained of their taking the red man's corn.

The veto of the army appropriation bill caused considerable uneasiness among the military men of the several posts and will be very embarrassing to both officers and soldiers. Some WHITE HORSE THIEVES ran off thirteen head of ponies belonging to the Cheyenne chief, "Stone Calf," and soldiers were scouring the country to overtake them but failed to find them. All along the line we heard of several cases of horse stealing.

Thousands of Texas ponies will be driven to Kansas this year. Mr. Kincaid, at Caldwell, lately came up with 300 head, followed by James Steen, with 900 head. Brown, Jennings, Malone, and Scott will be here by the middle or latter part of summer, each with from one to five hundred head, and the probability is that ponies will be cheap.

Tom Donnell and Ben Clarke in the U. S. scouts at Ft. Reno, and Amos Chapman and Harry Cooms, a Pawnee, at Camp Supply. These men have made quite a record already in Indian exploits, and will figure extensively this summer if any trouble should arise.

The Comanches and Kiowas near Ft. Sill raided into Texas lately, and the "Rangers" dropped one of them, "Sun Boy" by name, for which the Indians made another raid and killed Joe Clarke. This took place April 12th.

George and Bob Bent, half-breed sons of old Colonel Bent, for whom Bent's fort was named, are both among the Cheyennes now, raising cattle and farming. The boys have a very interesting history.

There are no buffalo in the Territory at this time, but during June and July they will come east of Camp Supply and into western Kansas, probably within 150 miles of Winfield. Deer are plentiful, and antelope can be found in Harper and Barbour counties. On the Cimarron, near Jones' ranche affords good hunting and fishing. One of our party killed one panther and a number of turkeys while there, and we fished until we were tired of catching them. Owing to the recent raid to settle in the Territory, hunting will not be permitted near the Interior of the Nation. I will be going in a few days, again, and will notify you of any matters of interest.

Yours, C. M. [C. M. Scott]


Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

GROUSE CREEK, May 19, 1879.

Crossing Grouse creek at Benderville, I spent sometime in company with several others examining the banks. Here are excellent indications for coal. Several small veins have been discovered in the vicinity. Time and means may develop rich paying coal fields deeper down in terra firma.

On the west side of the river lays the farm of Mr. Morris, of Black Hills fame. He has just finished building a large stone barn, costing I am informed, from $600 to $800. Here I may state that the Grouse valley between Lazette and Dexter contains more and better barns and stables than any other part of the country, some of the stone buildings costing many hundred dollars more than the one above mentioned.

To the south of this place lays the farm of George Gardenhire. This farm has been under the charge of Mr. Tucker, the pedagogue of this school district. He seems to be a success, both as farmer and teacher, a young man of good acquirements and excellent ability.

Next is the 720 acre farm of George Ballou, and here dame rumor has located the railroad, passing through about the site of the old French & Lawson saw mill. If this is true, here or a little further south will be the town site of the Grouse valley, when Dexter and Lazette will unite into one town, and make the second town of the county in population, and perhaps the first in intelligence and solid ability. We passed a pleasant hour with Squire Ballou.

I now pass to the farm of Dempsey Elliott, Mat Jackson having gone to Indiana for something, and Mr. Harris has quit making sorghum. Mr. Elliott has quit merchandising at Dexter, and is now in the stock business. He is absent at present, gone to St. Louis with a large herd of hogs. I ascend the bluff opposite this place, and here a beautiful sight opens up to my gaze. To the west and at a little distance is the large herd of cattle belonging to Mr. Elliott.

A little to the south and west is the neighborhood herd under the superintendence of Hoover Gibson; to the north and west the herd of C. Mays, and to the northeast the herd of Mr. Hankins, and I am informed that a few miles to the south is the large herd of E. Shriver and Sons.

Come out, Mr. Editor, some day and see our flocks; it would do you good.

About a mile to the west I find the residence of Mr. Gould, and here I find Dr. Thomson just returning from a long ride. His name is familiar as the old resident physician of Tisdale, now located at this place, 3 1/2 miles south of Lazette, with prospects of a large practice before him.


Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

PRAIRIE GROVE, May 16, 1879.

Measles plenty out this way. John Anderson buried one of his children this week. Several teams going to Wichita with wheat. Immigrants passing daily. Four loads of reapers passed this evening on the way to Winfield, supposed to be S. H. Myton's. A shower of rain would not come amiss in these parts.

There was a picnic at the mouth of Rock Creek Saturday last. The jurors have broken off their courtship wedding. As for me I can see no fun in courting without a woman in the case. The Fairview ladies have snatched that correspondent bald-headed who spoke of their acrobatic performance a few weeks ago. I knew he could not escape their vengeance long after an attack of that kind even if they did fall from the (slippery) elm pole.

Everybody happy because the railroad is coming; then will there be no more on to Wichita.

Politics are looming up. Wait is our candidate in Richland. We want no old broken down horses; we want to take one with some wait about him.


Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.


Corn looks well. Wheat is about all headed.

Frank Beck has been quite sick.

Mr. Bowen has sold his farm and moved to Winfield.

Mr. Joseph Graham is building quite a stone mansion on his farm.

Pleasant Hill and Floral schools look rather thin; the children have the measles.

Mr. Read and wife, of Floral, spent a week visiting at their old home in the country; they contemplate visiting Illinois, the home of their childhood. On their return Mrs. Read will lay in a stock of millinery goods.

Widow Irvin tenders her thanks to the neighbors for their kind attention and sympathy in her great bereavement.

Floral is bound to be ahead; it can boast of a "band-box blossom."


Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.


A maxim of Ben Franklin's was "time is money." Therefore, I improve the time in providing you with a few more items from this "neck of timber."

The young minister who attempted to convert the good people of Fairview to his belief in regard to handling serpents, etc., utterly failed a few evenings ago. They don't take any stock in "sich."

Bert and Frank make flying visits to New Salem occasionally; hope they will succeed.

J. W. Curfman is about to build a fine residence, which will suit.

W. W. Bethel's prettiest girl was in town last Saturday.

Rev. Swarts failed to criticize the young people of Fairview last Sunday evening by some means or other. Why was it? Did they not need it?

Two of Mr. Knox's young friends are visiting him from Ohio.

Hope they will remain; but they got lost last Sunday night. Hope they will not be prosecuted for damages for running over Wells' wood-pile and hen-roost.

James Tweedle is laid up with catarrh of the head; expect he will be around in a few days.


Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Mrs. J. B. Lynn has the finest looking garden in the city.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

The walls of Col. Manning's new brick building are going up rapidly.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Bliss & Co. loaded three teams with brick for the Kaw Agency last Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

S. M. Jarvis is in Chautauqua county looking after the interests of the loan agency.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Mr. James Cree, from Detroit, has been visiting friends in this city for several days.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

E. C. Seward has his new business house enclosed and about ready for the plasterers.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

H. Jochems has received a large lot of ice cream freezer and water coolers of the latest patterns.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Register Kinne is decorating his mound property with a large lot of choice forest and fruit trees.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Messrs. Miller & Kraft have dissolved partnership. The business will be continued by Mr. Miller.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

The assessor's returns show a decrease in population in Cresswell township since last year of 169.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Mr. A. C. Hull, of Independence, has been in town several days looking after his business at this place.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

T. B. Turner has put up two large window curtains, lettered in gilt, in the front part of his store-room.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

The Pottawatamie Indians were the center of attraction for all the loafers in town on Saturday morning.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

The Taggard building, opposite Hendricks & Wilson's hardware store, has been rented for a grocery store.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

A. T. Spotswood came out last week with a new delivery wagon with the firm name neatly printed on each side.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Several parties from Joplin, Mo., are making arrangements to build a large business house on South Main street.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Clerk Bedilion was full of business Monday moving his records, etc., from Manning's Hall back to the Courthouse.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

76 Horning has on exhibition and for sale a large lot of sea shells, just in from the Atlantic. This is another novelty in the "grocery" line.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Handsome stone sidewalks are being put down in all parts of town, and the spirit of improvement is general. Our city "blooms like the rose."

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

The voters of district No. 1 will meet at the King school house Friday, May 31, at 1 p.m. to select temporary officers to serve until the annual meeting.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Mr. Phil. Stump has sold his interest in the Pawnee Rock mill and has returned to Winfield to seek new fields for the investment of his surplus cash.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

It has been rumored about town for several days that Andy Gordon had died at Leadville with the mountain fever. We hope that it may prove only a rumor.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

The lightning struck the house of Mr. Geo. Cunningham last Sunday, but did no damage other than searing the inmates pretty badly and shaking things up some.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Messrs. Hughes and Rhodes have on hand a large stock of coal, wood, lime, etc., and are ready to fill all orders left with them.

AD: HUGHES & RHODES, have just received a fresh supply of FORT SCOTT AND TRINIDAD COAL, Louisville Cement, Plaster Paris, Hannibal Lime and Hair, which they will sell at the LOWEST CASH PRICES. Native Lime, Oak, and Hackberry Wood constantly on hand. OFFICE AND YARD ON SOUTH MAIN STREET.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Mr. By. Terrill has made another addition to his livery outfit, which although resplendent with plate glass and tapestry, is not very popular with the boys. It's a hearse.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

The Dexter saw mill was moved over last week and located on the land of C. H. McBride, near his brick yard, just northwest of this city. It goes immediately to work sawing native lumber.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Mr. James Fahey opened his new brick billiard hall with a grand hurrah last Friday evening. He has fitted it up in first-class style, and intends to make it one of the best places in southern Kansas.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

The Tisdale baseball club came over Friday and unmercifully scopped the Winfield nine, the score standing 49 for Tisale and 21 for Winfield. The Tisdale boys are good players and gentlemanly fellows.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Mr. Payne, a Vermonter, is visiting his old friend, Mr. Steinhour, in Vernon township. He is looking for a location, is delighted with Cowley county and Winfield, and Mr. S. thinks we are to secure in him a valuable citizen.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Last Saturday was a big day in Winfield. All day long the counters of the leading stores were thronged with customers selling produce and buying goods, and our merchants report very large sales. Winfield is certainly "booming."

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Mr. Henry E. Asp made his maiden speech before the District Court, in the Small- Starbuck murder case, last Friday evening. It was a very effective argument, and full of good points. We congratulate Mr. Asp on his success.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Our table was graced with a beautiful bouquet of roses, the gift of Mrs. H. P. Mansfield, last Monday. Mrs. M. has the choicest flowers, and the gift is more acceptable from the fact that it is the first full-fledged bouquet of the season.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

The patent cement man fell into the "iron grasp" of Marshal Stevens last Monday for imbibing too freely of bad whiskey and was conveyed to the cooler, there to meditate upon the "stickituitive" qualities of "Scott's great discovery."

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

We are informed that Ab. Thomas, one of the witnesses in the Small case, has left the country. It will be remembered that he had a preliminary examination at the same time Snall had his, and was discharged by Justice Buckman.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Mr. Henry Goldsmith, with his characteristic desire to be ahead in everything, has put up one of the finest soda fountains in Southern Kansas. It is called the "Arctic," is of marble, with elegant mountings, and is complete in every particular.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

The Pleasant Grove Sunday school will have a picnic at Barbary's grove, in Beaver township, on May 31st. Several other schools have been invited to join and a general good time is expected. A refreshment stand will be on the grounds, the proceeds of which will go to the Sunday school. All are invited.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

The most of the residents of this city will remember Rev. Musgrave, the Methodist light that flickered in the pulpit here for one short Sabbath. The latest intelligence has located him at Pawnee Rock, this State, where he is rapidly making a name for himself as the cheekiest man on the western hemisphere. He is in the lightning rod business, and is known to have remarked confidentially to a friend that he "used to be a d__n preacher when he was in practice, but [?] MISSING WORDS lightning-rod business best. MORE MISSING WORDS.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Mr. Solomon Frazier, of Lazette, called on us last Monday. Mr. Frazier has just returned from the Indian Territory, where he has been to see about the Oklahoma lands, but was ordered back by the U. S. troops stationed there.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

The City Council having adopted my time as the standard city time, I shall hereafter take my Horological observations at 12 m. or 9 p.m. every Monday, and shall keep true mead time for this meridian. E. E. BACON, Horologist.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

The contract for the excavation on the Baptist church has been let to Mr. G. Bullene, and will be pushed rapidly forward. Persons desiring to bid on the stone work and examine the plans can find them at Mr. Jas. McDermott's office.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Our friend, C. M. Scott, was in town last week and furnished us with much interesting news. He is much of the time in the saddle under orders from the Governor and watching the uneasy Indians in the Territory, which business he claims to like better than he did the editing of the Traveler.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

We were pleased to meet Mr. W. W. Perkins, late of Chicago, last week. Mr. Perkins has been practicing law in Chicago for ten years past, but wishing to come west, and hearing how things were "booming" in Cowley county, he has come here to make his home amoung us and grow up with the country.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Capt. Ed. Hewins, of Chautauqua county, was in town Tuesday morning and traded $2,100 exchange at the Winfield Bank. He was a member of the legislature last winter where he made a good record. He has shipped fifteen car-loads of stock within a week and has 2,600 head of fat cattle in the Territory south of this place.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Mr. C. Trump has examined his potato field and finds innumerable young potato bugs just hatching, and which promise to destroy the crop unless some means are used for their destruction or emigration. We would call the attention of all our potato growers to this subject that they may commence the fight on this pest at once. We don't know any better remedy than Paris green.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Mr. Sterrett and Mr. Seely arrived in town last Monday evening to examine the points in relation to the location of the depot for the C., S. & F. S. railroad. Mr. Sterrett has the management of the matter and will undoubtedly make a judicious location. It has been supposed that conflicting interests would cause a hard struggle among our citizens to secure the location, but such does not appear.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Married. Mr. Will C. Root and Miss Lenora Coldwell were married on Wednesday, May 14th, at the residence of the bride's father, in this city. Mr. Root is one of our leading businessmen and is popular with all who know him. Miss Coldwell was one of our most lively and accomplished ladies, and her many friends wish her much joy in her new relations.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Mr. Joshua Jones, father-in-law of Thos. R. Bryan, breathed his last on Saturday evening at 5 o'clock. He was an elder in the Christian church.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Mr. A. H. Green on Saturday drew up several powers of attorney for a lot of Pottawatamie Indians to Col. Palmer, empowering him to prosecute their claims to certain lands in Waubaunsee and Shawnee counties. The land in question comprise some of the best portions of these counties, including the north part of the city of Topeka. These are by far the most intelligent looking Indians we have seen, and were accompanied by their interpreter, Medore B. Beauheim.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

We notice that some daily papers at Leavenworth and elsewhere publish advertisements of Lawrence & Co., Bankers, New York. Now these men are confidence men. Their plan of operations is to get other people's money to gamble with; if successful, they win for themselves; if unsuccessful, their customers only loose. It is a soft thing for them, but rough on the men who are green enough to furnish the money. Now we like to get good paying advertisements as well as those great daily newspapers, but we could not be hired to advertise as they do such a gambling concern.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

The many friends of Mr. and Mrs. Platter planned and executed a neat little surprise on last Monday evening, the occasion being the ninth anniversary of their marriage. The party met at the residence of Mrs. Dr. Black and proceeded en masse to the residence of Rev. Mr. Platter, where, it is needless to say, the company were made to feel entirely at home.

Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Capt. Samuel, an old army friend of Col. McMullen, is taking in Winfield and vicinity with a view of some paying investment for himself and children. The captain is a whole- souled, genial, energetic gentlemen, and though he has spent an active life as Indian trader, banker, broker, and a general dealer in stocks, yet he looks as young and as vigorous as a man of thirty.

It is said that he was the life of the regiment with which he was connected, with his songs, jokes, stories of travels in England, on the continent, and more particularly his wild and eventful experiences among the wild Indians of the westmade him always a welcome visitor and was better than medicine to the drooping energies of the soldiers. The captain is a man of large means and we hope he will settle among us. We think there is plenty of room here to give his large and varied experience full play. He is a bashful widower, but we trust this will prevent him from becoming a house-holder in Winfield. We extend a hearty welcome to him and his friends.


Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.


Geo. M. Reloff to Demeth Coburn.

Harvey Dwyer to Maria Collins.

W. C. Root to Lenora Coldwell.

John Stair to Ida Harden.

Thos. M. Nichlos to Florence Thurman.

John B. Carter to Mary E. Phillips.


I. N. Fuller to W. S. Houghton, lots 15, 16, 47, 18, blk 66, Arkansas City. $80.

C. L. Harter to Wm. Hodges, lots 7, 8, 9, blk 187, Winfield. $402.

H. M. Kinne to Channel & McLaughlin, lot 13, blk 69, Arkansas City.

D. B. Meigs to R. C. Haywood, lot 23, blk 53, Arkansas City. $17.50.

D. N. Sleeth to W. M. Sleeth, lot 26, blk 81, Arkansas City. $600.

M. A. Millington to M. J. Wallis, lot 9, blk 111, Winfield. $275.

S. Mott to J. M. Holloway, lot 22, blk 132, Arkansas City. $15.


Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Judgment was rendered in the criminal cases at the late term of the District Court, as follows.

State vs. Frank Manny: fined $350.

State vs. Francis Small: sentenced to 5 years in the penitentiary at hard labor.

State vs. David Creek: 4 years in the penitentiary.

State vs. Henry Mount: fined $100.


Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

The Cowley County Telegram came out last week in a new dress throughout and enlarged to a thirty-six column paper. It is now the size of the largest Wichita papers, beautiful in appearance and almost faultless in mechanical execution. It is printed on a new cylinder press, which seems to work admirably. The number last week was largely filled with a description and history of Cowley county and notices of the businessmen of Winfield, and was issued in an extra large edition. We congratulate our neighbors Allison & Crapster on their evident prosperity.

With such a competitor the COURIER will have to "look to its laurels."


Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

DELANOPETTYSunday, May 11, 1879, at the residence of the bride's mother, Mrs. Frank Davis, by P. W. Smith, J. P., Albert A. Delano and Mary C. Petty, all of Cowley County, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, May 22, 1879.

Saturday morning at 4 o'clock ended the argument in the most closely contested case ever tried in Cowley county. When we went to press last week, the trial of Francis Small for the murder of Jacob Starbuck had reached the examination of Oliver Whitted.

The cross examination of Oliver Whitted was long and searching, and considering the powerful effort of counsel for defense to break him down, he did very well.

The next witness called was Wm. Whitted, the father of Oliver. He said he knew the defendant, and had known Starbuck in his life time. Remembered the circumstance of Starbuck's death; was at my house on the morning of the day of his death; saw him afterwards in his field and saw Small go towards him and then saw the stalks rustling. I said to my wife that I thought they were having a fight. (Witness used a diagram of the field and explained the position of the parties.) Saw Small go back to his wagon; he was putting on his coat as he went along. The cross-examination brought out nothing new.

Reuben Starbuck was next called. Reuby is a bright, intelligent little fellow, and told his story with a child's characteristic simplicity. He said Jacob Starbuck was my father; was in the field with him when Mr. Small first came down there. Perry and Morrow were with him, and they were picking up corn.

When we got pretty close together Small came over to pa's team and told pa to get out of the field. Pa said he was going to have his corn. Small pulled off his overwaist and walked up towards Pa. Pa pulled out his pistol and told him to leave or he would blow the daylights out of him. He then went over to where Perry and Morrow were; saw Small again that day. He came back to the field with Al. Thomas, Ab. Thomas, Morrow, and Perry. They all came from Morrow's house. Al. Thomas got out of their wagon and came over to speak to Pa. Pa was husking corn on the second row from the wagon. Small, Al. and Ab. Thomas jumped out of their wagon. Perry was in the wagon tying up the lines. Small told Pa to stop husking corn. Pa did not answer himjust kept on husking, and Small shot him. Pa fell down when he was shot; he fell away from the wagon on his face. He did not say anything, he only groaned. Small put his gun in his wagon and started off on a run. Pa's coat was in a bucket in the front end of our wagon and his revolver was in an inside pocket in the coat. Al. Thomas took the revolver out of Pa's pocket and said it was a seven-shooter. I drove the team to the house, and Ma and I went back to the field where Pa was lying. Small had left the field. Pa had a peg on his hand and was husking corn when Small shot him. I took the peg off his hand when Ma and I went over there.

Joshua Powers saw Small going over to Ab. Thomas'. Witness said as he passed Morrow's place, where Small was living, he saw Mrs. Morrow. She had been crying, and said to him, "Mr. Powers, there will be trouble this morning."

Charles Thomas testified that he was at Al. Thomas' the morning of the shooting. Saw Small coming very fast on horseback. Small got a shotgun. I asked Al. what was up. He said Starbuck had drawn a revolver on Small that morning, and that Small was going to shoot him. Small called to a little boy and told him he need not get these revolvers, as he had the gun. Al. said, "No, if you shoot him with those loads, he will never squeal but once." Small got on his pony and said, "It's Starbuck's time to run now." Al. said the loads in the gun were good ones, that he had loaded it for Jake's boy.

Mrs. Starbuck said Small came to their house and asked her husband to pay him some money. Starbuck told him he shouldn't lose it, but that he could not pay him then. Small got mad and went out saying, "There will be some other way of settling it."

Miss Annie Starbuck went down to the field and saw Reuby take off the husking peg from her father's hand.

Dr. Robert A. Rizing saw Starbuck's body soon after the shooting. Mr. Krum and I went to the field together. Ab. and A. Thomas were there. Starbuck was lying with his head towards the north and was on his left side. His left arm was under his body. (The doctor made a diagram showing position of wagon track and tracks made by Starbuck, and showing his body across the third row of corn north of the wagon track.)

Starbuck was dead when I first came up to him. An ear of corn was found immediately under his left hand. There was a little blood on it. The wound was just behind the left nipple, covering a space of some four and three-quarter inches. The wound was right over the heart and could not have been other than fatal.

Dr. W. F. Wright made an examination of Starbuck's body in company with Dr. Rizing. Testimony same in substance as Dr. Rizing's.

A. J. Crum said he saw Starbuck's body about 8 o'clock after the shooting. It was lying on the left side with the left arm under the body. The wagon track was one and one-half rows of corn south of Starbuck's feet.

Ephraim Rockwell said the wagon track south of where the body had laid was about 8 feet from the center of the body. Dr. Rizing stepped the distance and it was two steps and a part of another.

The State rested.

John Perry's deposition was read for the defense. Witness. Small and Perry went down to Starbuck's field to get some corn. While at work Starbuck came down. Small went over to him to ask what he meant: heard Starbuck reply, "By G__d, itmeans business." Starbuck drew his pistol and said to Small, "Now you walk." Morrow and I told him to arrest Starbuck and Small said he would. Small wanted two loads of corn to get some building material. They all went back to Morrows and Small had got a shotgun. We saw Starbuck at his house out of the field and thought we could get the other load, and that Small could then come to town and arrest Starbuck. Small took the gun, saying he did not want to go back without anything to defend himself with. Going down to the field they all saw Starbuck returning. They held a consultation, and finally Al. Thomas said he would go down and see Starbuck, as they had always been friendly; thought he could arrange things. Al. then went over; did not hear was said, but supposed everything was all right. Morrow and Small got out and went to husking corn. Heard Al. say to Starbuck, "For God's sake, don't," and Starbuck say, "D__n him." Starbuck rushed forward and they all saw him get his revolver. Small then reached and got his gun. Starbuck raised his revolver a little and Small fired.

William Morrow testified the same as Perry substantially.

Ab. Thomas testified same as last two witnesses. He denied telling Charley Thomas that the gun Small got was loaded by him for Jake's boy, but admitted on cross-examination that it was a fact; said Small came to his house and got the gun.

Al. Thomas corroborated the testimony of the last three witnesses from first to last.

W. H. Clay, Preston, Martin, J. W. Thomas, Jacob Berkhart, James Jackson, George Whitted, and R. H. Morrow gave Small general reputation as a peaceable, quiet, law-abiding citizen. They all said it was good.

Francis Small told the same story that was told by the last named witnesses, and claimed that Starbuck had wronged him and cheated him out of his farm by giving him a worthless note for it, representing that it was good.

This is in brief an outline of the evidence given in the case.

The argument of the case occupied all of Friday night, Mr. Torrance closing his speech at 4 o'clock in the morning.

The charge given to the jury was remarkably clear and reflected the highest credit upon Judge Campbell.

Henry Asp opened the argument. He occupied one hour and fifteen minutes. He made his pointts well and presented his theory of the affair very forcibly. This was Henry's first talk to a jury in the District Court, and he made a splendid effort.

Mr. Hackney made an excellent speech. It was the finest effort thus far in Will's professional life. The same may be said of Judge McDonald's argument, while Torrance simply did nobly. The arguments of all the gentlemen were first class. A gentleman outside said, "When Asp made his speech, it looked plain that Small was guilty of a cold-blooded murder; when Hackney had finished, he thought it was awful doubtful; by the time McDonald had finished, he thought Small ought to be acquitted. But Torrance began to make the thing look dark again for Small, and before he closed his talk he made up his mind again that Small was guilty as h__l."

The jury came in Saturday evening with a verdict of guilty of manslaughter in the second degree.

Motion for a new trial was overruled. Judge Campbell reviewed the testimony and made his criticisms freely and plainly. His review was remarkable. He said the defendant ought to have been convicted of murder in the first degree, and declined to entertain the plea of clemency interposed by Judge McDonald for the defendant. He sentenced Small to confinement at hard labor in the penitentiary for the longest term that he could under the verdictfive years.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

We clip the following from the Traveler of last week.

"The question whether we shall put up for repairs on the courthouse will soon be presented to the County Commissioners for their decision. Five years ago this same courthouse was constructed at a cost to the taxpayers of thirty one thousand dollars. Has this debt against the county yet been payed? We think not."

Now we shall charitably assume that the editor meant to tell the truth in the above, but was not posted up in the matter. We have been to the record in the office of the county clerk to examine, and find that the exact cost of the courthouse when built and completed about five years ago was $10,600.66. It has usually been stated at $10,000 as the appoximate cost. It was paid for in county scrip at par, and that scrip has since been paid off and canceled. We will not say that the county owes nothing as the result of building the courthouse. About $30,000 of bonds were issued to fund the outstanding county scrip, a part of which was that issued for the courthouse. These bonds have not been paid and therefore it is fair to say that the county owes $10,600.66 of bonded debt incurred in consequence of building the court- house. State the thing as it is, neighbor.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Traveler: Miss Lilly Walton was seriously injured a few days ago at the Pawnee Agency, by being thrown from a horse. We hope she may soon recover. Through her efforts the school at the Agency has made proficiency that is truly wonderful.

Traveler: Mr. and Mrs. Temple, of Missouri, left Winfield in company with Pres Walker last Thursday afternoon to come down to Mrs. Elizabeth Wright's, and at the turn in the road, near the house, the buggy was upset and the parties thrown to the ground. Mrs. Temple received considerable injury. A messenger was dispatched to the city for a physician.

Traveler: Several parties from Winfield are preparing to go into business in this city.

Several Winfield people in town last evening looking up locations for business.

Yes, that is so. You see the county sold out a considerable part of your city lots for the taxes, about two weeks ago, and there being no other bidders, several Winfield men took them in. They then went down to your city to see what they had got, to hunt up these "business locations," and to go into the business of selling them.COURIER.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

A damage suit for $5,000 is about to take place at Winfield.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Five steamboats are plying between Dardanelle and Arkansas City.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Winfield has had a first class scandal. The husband of the woman had a knock-down argument with another man, on the public street, and the neighboring tongues are wagging in consequence.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Mr. Ed. Gray is foreman of the Daily Telegram.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Money to loan by A. H. Green on long or short time.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Mr. Ed. Cochran is clerking at the Black Front grocery.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Mr. C. A. Hull left for his home in Independence last Monday evening.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Squire Boyer has moved his office into the back part of the Page building.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

The city authorities are sinking a public well in front of Hudson Bros. jewelry store.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Marshal Stevens, with his corps of jail birds, is doing good service on the streets.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Mr. W. W. Perkins has secured rooms in the Page building, and will soon be ready for business.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Messrs Swain & Watkins are building a large carpenter shop on Eighth avenue, part of which will be occupied by Pool & Hendrick's carriage painting establishment.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Mr. Ab. Thomas called at the COURIER office last Monday and informed us that he had not left the country, nor did he intend to; but instead had purchased 140 acres of land and settled down to business.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

C. C. Pierce, trustee of Winfield township, was in town Monday, and informed us that he would commence harvesting his wheat this week, and that the yield would be some lighter than that of last year.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Treasurer Bryan stated on a visit to friends in Illinois Wednesday morning and will be absent some weeks, during which time his handsome and efficient deputy, Will. Wilson, will run the finances of the county.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

T. B. Turner last week received news that a valuable horse owned by him and now being trained by Budd Doble, of Chicago, was very sick, and not expected to recover. It is a very fine animal and has a record of 2:23.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Mr. Ed. Roland drops into the hardware business as naturally as if he had been raised to it, and in a few weeks we expect to see him handling tin-pans and jack-knives with a dexterity only equalled by a Chinese juggler.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

W. T. Roland & Son have succeeded Mr. J. T. Weston in the hardware business. Mr. Weston, by his fair and honorable dealing, has worked up a good trade, which his successors will undoubtedly hold.


Main Street, Winfield, Kas.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

M. M. Thompson has purchased A. T. Shenneman's interest in the livery business on Ninth Avenue. Mr. Shenneman will now devote his time to harvesting his 150 acres of wheat in Vernon township, and improving his fine farm.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Mr. John Witherspoon has purchased some fine livery stock, and will hereafter run a livery in connection with his feed stable. Mr. Witherspoon is an enterprising man and will undoubtedly make the "Hotel de Hoss" one of the best stables in town.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

E. G. Seward, the assignee of the Suss stock, has begun selling the goods, and is offering some rare bargains in clothing, etc. This stock is the largest ever opened in Winfield, and is being sold at cost, without freight.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

I. F. Moore says that he is not the man that went to Leadville as reported in the Beacon and copied into this paper. J. J. Hutch is the man that went and made the report as stated. Mr. Moore was in company with Mr. Hutch in Wichita, and the Beacon got the parties "a little mixed."

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

N. L. Rigby has a patent bedstand on exhibition at his store, which is quite a curiosity. When closed it represents a bureau and can be used as a writing desk or stand, and by simply pulling out the front part it adjusts itself to a perfect bed: bed-clothes, spring, mattress, and all made up ready for use.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

We were pleased to meet Mr. Whig Southard, a brother of "Tuck," last week. Mr. Southard is from Independence, and is one of the head boys of the New York store at that place. He states that the L., L. & G. have rails and ties enough piled up at Independence to build the road through to Winfield and that the work is being pushed rapidly forward.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

We clip the following from the Chicago Inter-Ocean. Mr. Perkins has rented rooms in the Page building, and will open his office about June 1st.

"Mr. W. W. Perkins, a prominent young lawyer and politician of this city, has gone to Winfield, Kansas, where he will put out a shingle. He goes primarily for the benefit of his wife's health. He has been the efficient attorney of the Board of Education, and his friends wish him well in his new home."

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

The members of the Winfield Cornet Band will give a grand ball at Manning's Opera House Thursday evening of this week, the proceeds to be used in paying for a set of new instruments. The boys have, by the sale of their old instruments and private subscriptions, secured all but $50 of the amount needed and this they expect to realize from the proceeds of this ball. This is a worthy enterprise and we hope it will receive the support of our citizens, as a good band is almost indispensable to a first class town.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Deputy Sheriff Finch last week received a telegram from Morrisville, N. Y., to arrest one Lewis E. Kinney alias Alvia Brown, who was supposed to be stopping at the residence of his cousin, Mr. Charles Frith, near Dexter. Mr. Finch started immediately for Dexter, and in less than ten hours he had captured his man, lodged him in the county jail, and telegraphed to the sheriff of Madison County, New York, to come and get him. Saturday he received a telegram to hold the man until further notice, and that he had forged a note to the amount of $378.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Mullen & Wood started yesterday morning driving 800 of the finest hogs ever driven out of this county. We think they will strike a good market.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Mr. John Moffitt, our popular lumber dealer, has just received from Chicago a lot of the neatest screen doors we have yet seen.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Sheriff Harter returned from his trip to Leavenworth last Monday evening, having safely lodged Small and Creek within the walls of the penitentiary.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

The Good Templars of Floral will have a grand picnic in S. B. Stone's grove on Timber creek, June 6th.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Mr. Will Robinson comes out this week with a brand new buggy, of the latest pattern.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Messrs. McGuire and Mull lost forty-two head of hogs by overheating last Sunday while driving them from Tisdale to this place.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

A. H. Horneman, who was sentenced to the penitentiary for a term of five years for shooting Mr. Dwyer, of this county, has been pardoned, and was released from the penitentiary at Leavenworth some days ago.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Mrs. Alice Jenkins and Mr. John Harman, of Beaver township, were united in the holy bonds of matrimony last Monday evening, and Squire Wright tied the knot.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

DASTARDLYSome galoots supposed to be from Arkansas City, have lately been in the habit of passing by the school houses between the city and Winfield, and firing pistol balls through the school house doors and walls. If they do not get well peppered with a few charges of salt, they will fail to meet their desserts.

Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

The Fair Association has secured grounds of Dr. Graham, which they intend to begin to improve at once, and will have the grounds in first-class condition for the next fair. They are paying off all outstanding premiums as soon as presented.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

J. L. Horning has leased a half interest in the above mill, and it will hereafter be run under the firm name of Harter & Horning. Mr. Horning came here about one year ago and engaged in the grocery business. He had a heavy competition and a poor location and people slyly wagged their heads and prophesied "a bust" in the grocery line. But "76 Horning" didn't come to bust, and he didn't bust. Six months from that time Horning's delivery wagon made daily visits to the houses of these same gentlemen who prophesied the "bust," and Horning was doing the grocery business of the town. We don't intend this as a "puff," but as a plain statement of facts.

All that has been needed to make the Tunnel mill one of the best in the country is some good, practical hand at the helm. Mr. Horning's twenty years experience in the milling business, and his characteristic "get up and get" mode of running things peculiarly adapts him for the business, and we expect to see the Tunnel mills flour quoted all over the State before a year.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Last Monday a young girl, who gave her name as Jennie Slate, presented an order purporting to be from Frank Williams to J. B. Lynn for $80 worth of goods. Mr. Lynn, not liking the looks of the order, put it in his pocket and told her to "call again and he would see about it." The girl went out and fixed up another order on Mrs. Whitehead for $25, on the strength of which she began to buy hats, ribbons, and millinery "truck" indiscriminately. When the order was presented, Mrs. Whitehead thought something was wrong and dispatched one of the ladies of the establishment to Mr. Williams with it, and it was found that he had no knowledge of the matter whatever. The girl, it seems, had hired at the Williams House some time last fall, but Mrs. Williams not liking her actions, had discharged her. She says that she has been stopping at different places in this county for some time, and that the orders were given to her by a Miss Graham, who has been working at this place for some time. The girl appears to be between 17 and 18 years old, and not seeming to understand the nature of the crime she had committed, she was given some good, wholesome advice and told to "go her way and sin no more."


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.


Hon. A. J. Henthorn has built a neat little residence on his farm this spring.

Politics are looming up a little, and we hear some complaint from some of our citizens that there is danger of being talked to death when they visit Winfield. It is bad enough to die a natural death, but to be talked to death by the friends of a candidate for sheriff is too much for ALEXANDER.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

Preaching here every Sunday night alternately by Revs. Rose and Graham. The latter gentleman turned his subject into a lecture last Sabbath evening.

The last thing here in the way of a "fizzle" was the dissolution of a couple who were to have been united in the holy bonds of matrimony for time and eternity in a few days. The furniture and other things needful were purchased, all to no purpose; at least for the two who were to have used them first. From present indications John is determined to win the lady at all events. We hope he won't do like the other fellow, count his chickens before they are hatched. But we will try to console the disappointed young couple by quoting a few lines from the poem entitled "Maud Muller," written by John G. Whittier, hoping they will peruse the poem entirely if they have not already done so:

"Alas for maiden, alas for Judge,

For rich repiner and household drudge,

God pity them both! and pity us all,

Who vainly the dreams of love recall;

For of all the sad words of tongue or pen,

The saddest are these: `It might have been.'"

A. T. Shenneman is our choice for Sheriff.

The good templar's lodge is in a prosperous condition. J. D. has traded his team to a man near Winfield. A young lady made herself conspicuous in trying to crowd herself in beside a young man during Mr. Graham's lecture on last Sunday evening.


Winfield Courier, May 29, 1879.

The last thing in the way of an excitement here was the exit of three young urchins from this neighborhood. They disappeared in the morning, and not returning at a time deemed proper, the neighborhood was aroused and turned out en masse expecting to find the lifeless bodies of the unfortunate boys beneath the cruel waters of Timber creek.

After searching until hope was well nigh exhausted, the young renegades made their appearance, having been four or five miles east of Winfield. Like the prodigal son they returned home for something with which to appease their appetites. Whether a fatted calf was killed in honor of their return, our informant does not state. But one thing they should have received, and that was, an application of hickory oil, with such force as to prevent them from becoming hide bound for the next ten years.

Mr. Newberry's gold mine has exploded; the bottom was blown clear out, but the contents were not visible. A weak imagination often proves itself to be a wonderful deceiving power, and in no instance, here, has it succeeded as well in its allurements as in the present gold hoax.

Corrections to be made:

In your issue of last week your compositor made two mistakes in setting up my "hash," which I desire you to correct. I said J. W. Curfman was about to build a new house, which would suit W. W. Your typo got the "W. W." with Bethel's prettiest girl. I wish the young lady to consider that it was no fault of mine that "W. W." was attached to her name. Also that James Tweedle was laid up with catarrh of the head. It should have been catarrh in the hand. By making these corrections you will oblige NEBUCHADNEZZAR.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 5, 1879. - Front Page.

Mr. Harvey Dwyer, twice widowed, married Miss Maria Collins of Arkansas City, aided by Rev. Loverty.

Drs. C. G. and A. W. Holland last Thursday started on a reconnoitering expedition westward accompanied by C. C. Rodgers.

Last week Messrs. H. Holtby and J. W. Browning with three loads of wheat each, made their last trip to the Wichita kingdom, as a market.

Miss Jennie Rouzee suspended school at Enterprise on account of illness.

Charlie Giser says he has made twenty trips to Wichita getting to market last year's wheat crop and lost considerable wealth in the meantime. Charlie will embrace the locomotive when it arrives.

It happened this way. He was possessed of an unconquerable propensity for angling, so procuring the necessary equipments, he mounted his mule and was soon in the vicinity of the catfish aquarium, gazing on the placid waters of the "Rackensack," intently watching the treacherous cork. His efforts having been crowned with immense success, he strapped on a fifty pounder behind his saddle and joyfully started on his return home; but before he had proceeded far, the mule began to remonstrate against the double weight and especially did it manifest a dislike for the fish's fins in the region of its flanks; and to make a long story short, the rider was precipitated and dragged several rods ere his foot was disentangled from the stirrup, but the fish obstinately maintained its position, constantly goring with its fins, and exciting to desperate exertions the mule until it was completely exhausted. Result: a bruised and blistered young man and a disabled and demoralized mule. Charley Jenkins thinks he will have gained his equilibrium in time for another fish adventure as soon as the mule.

Shall we have that Fourth of July excursion on the Santa Fe?


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

BOLTON, KANS., MAY 24, 1879.

A company of the 4th U. S. Cavalry is camped on the Bolton side of the Arkansas river, and a detachment of the 16th Infantry is camped on the Arkansas City side. The sound of the bugle awakens memories of departed yearsyears of hardship and misery, when we ate hard tuck and green bacon, while the officers were living "fat" off the rations sold from our daily allowance, and getting drunk on our whiskey rations.

It also reminds me of the time in prison, when we used to get out in the sun and sit down on the ground. I can see Major T______ of the 3rd U. S. Cavalry swaggering around with his sabre in his hand, coming towards me; see him stop in front of me and say, "Sergeant hic, wha-t the h-hell hic, did you let the gu-ar-d go to sl-ee-p, hic, for last night he?" While the Major was destroying the English language in that way, he had the point of his sabre stuck in the ground, abusing the men for being drunk, when at the same time he was, by far, the drunkest man in the regiment. He ordered me to tie to their horses the 1st and 2nd relief of the guard, and keep them there all day for being drunk on duty. This is a slight digression from the subject, perhaps, but then the bugle did it, however, I have said enough on that subject, for this time anyway.

The gentle zephyr is playing with the sand along the river in a way, which to say the least, is very damaging to the eyes, if nothing else. The weather is getting warmreal warm in fact. I think I will leave my overcoat and over shoes at home next time, but, experimentia docer et stultus. NITRO GLYCERINE.

[Hold on! Several of our subscribers do not understand Latin. Ed.]


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Capt. H. W. Stubblefield has appeared again on our street as natural as life. Three years ago he was living in Sheridan township in this county where he had worked some years and had improved a good farm, but like many others in those times which "tried men's souls" and their pockets too, he became financially embarrassed and his farm was so heavily mortgaged that it seemed it must go. But the captain was irrepressible. He went to Chautauqua county and worked at hotel keeping, stock raising, anything that would pay, until he has now returned, paid his old debts, cleared his farm of the mortgage, and has a reasonable competence left to provide for his family and continue the stock business. Such energetic men as he are bound to win in the end in spite of adverse circumstances. Though a gallant soldier in the war, his great adventure has been in the struggles of civil life.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

The ice cream business is rushing.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Frank Manny has a new ice and beer wagon.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Best Bros. have put up a large circular sign.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Mr. Joe Harter has captured a young wild cat.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Mr. Will Root and lady returned from their wedding trip last week.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Frank Smith, our nephew from Chelson, Iowa, has been visiting us for the past week.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Mr. A. A. Rankin, brother-in-law of Mr. John Moffitt, has arrived at Winfield with his family.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Col. Loomis finished threshing his last year's crop of wheat last week. It yielded 20 bushels per acre.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

The advance agent of Barry & Co.'s circus was in town last week, and billed for this place next Friday.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

The Chicago Dry Goods store was receiving new goods Monday and their store room is now chuck full.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Mr. H. C. McDorman, of Dexter, called on us last week. He is one of the best farmers in the Grouse valley.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Rev. Cairnes left Tuesday morning to attend the Baptist State convention, which convenes at Clay Center on Friday.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Dr. Fleming, of the Flag drug store, is getting quite an extensive practice, although he came here to get away from it.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

W. P. Hackney returned from Lawrence last Saturday. He has not heard from the analysis of the Salt Springs water yet.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

The chimney of a house in the west part of town burned out last Monday morning, causing some excitement but nothing serious.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

The county commissioners were in session Monday as a board of equalization, and, as usual, a good many were on hand to "equalize."

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

County Attorney Torrance has purchased a new book case and now his splendid library is encased behind fourteen square feet of plate glass.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Birth. Winfield has another Saint. It isn't a "patron Saint" or an "ex-Saint," but is a handsome little girl baby Saint, and tips the beam at 9 pounds.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Capt. Nipp arrived in town last Saturday with a herd of 200 ponies, which he is offering for sale. He will keep the herd near here for some time.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

The increasing city trade of Bahntge Bros. has completely used up their old delivery wagon and they have replaced it with a handsome new one.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Mr. Charley McIntire of the Traveler, was inspecting the metropolis last week. Charley wields the scissors with an easy grace, and the Traveler fairly sparkles with "original" locals.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

C. C. Harris left Wednesday morning for Georgia on a visit, and will be absent several months.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Mr. P. Baden, of Baden Bros., Independence, was in town last week looking after the interests of the firm at this place. He says they are grading on the L., L. & G. this side of Elk City.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Several small boys created quite an excitement, running against "time" from the Central Hotel to Timber creek, half a mile and return. One little fellow ran a mile in five minutes and ten seconds.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Mr. Harvey, of Winfield township, brought in 800 pounds of wool last week, which he sold for 18 cents per pound, and which was clipped from 200 head of sheep. The wool was of a very fine quality.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

FOR TRADE.A fine farm of 80 acres, 30 acres under cultivation, good bearing orchard, blackberries, etc.; double log house, good location. Will trade for town property or sell cheap for cash. Enquire at this office.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Mr. Dever seems determined to make the Star bakery first class in every respect. He has made several changes and additions, and has a baker that can make anything, from a "Lincoln pie" to a high-toned wedding cake.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

In another column will be seen the ad of Pering & Carter, dealers in groceries, flour, and feed. They are both young men and bring a good deal of energy and some experience into the business and we hope they may succeed.

AD: BY PERING & CARTER. THE NEW GROCERY STORE, ON NINTH AVENUE, EAST OF MAIN STREET. keep on hand a full stock of groceries, cigars and tobacco. Also Corn, Oats, Bran, etc. At prices for Cash Only. As low as any other man. Call and see us.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Mr. _____ Smith, of the Chicago shoe store, has gone to Hot Springs, Ark., for his health, which too close attention to business has seriously impaired. Mr. Smith has many friends at this place who hope he may speedily recover and be with us again.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Mr. Thos. Copeland, of the city restaurant, received quite a present last week, being sixteen hundred acres of valuable land in Texas. We rejoice in his good fortune, but regret to lose him from among us. Better turn the Texas land into Cowley county property.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

We were pleased to receive a call from Mr. H. C. Hale, one of the leading farmers of Dexter township, last week.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

A very sad affair occurred at Cedarvale last Sunday morning. Mrs. Brady, who has been living there for some time, and was very highly respected, committed suicide by cutting her throat, causing instant death. She was the mother of a large family, and no cause has been assigned for the deed. The affair has thrown a gloom over the entire community.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Mr. Jim Hill has been appointed quartermaster on Gen. Green's staff. This is a good appointment. His success in running the commissary stores of the "St. Nick," will long be remembered by such of the boys as were fortunate enough to "hang out" at that place during the halcyon days when "Jim" officiated as landlord and a square meal with green turtle soup was only 25 cents.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

A Mr. Tower, of Ninnescah township, was arrested for committing a rape on his 10 year old stepdaughter last week, and was committed for trial at the next term of the district court. This business is getting a little too frequent, and some means should be devised to put a stop to it. Only a few evenings ago a respectable young lady of this city was insulted on the street by some beast, and it is hardly safe for a lady to be out alone after sun down. The two brutes now confined in the county jail should receive the full penalty of the law if guilty.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.


Messrs. Jarvis and Hedrick have just disposed of their large wheat crops of last year, at a good price, and therefore have stamps in abundance. Floral is putting on airs. Mr. Reed's large stone building is rapidly being completed. A new M. D. has arrived with the intention of permanently locating. Ex-doctor Irwin has found that the people of this vicinity want bread rather than medicine, and has consequently set up a corn mill for custom grinding.

Politics are looming up. Mr. A. T. Shenneman is the choice of the Republican voters of Richland township, notwithstanding V. J.'s assertion to the contrary. We want no old broken down horse, but a man who has been tried in the capture of horse and other thieves to the satisfaction and interest of the citizens of Cowley county, and A. T. Shenneman is that man.


Winfield Courier, June 1879.

NEW SALEM, JUNE 3, 1879.

In regard to your previous issue: "No More" said a young lady made herself conspicuous, etc. She simply gave her seat to another person, thereby showing good etiquette, which I suppose "No More" has not yet learned. I presume he was jealous because she did not set herself down beside him. The "fizzle," as he called the dissolution of the engaged couple, was his own affair. I presume he has been so disappointed, hence the reason why he wishes to console himself by referring to the poem entitled "Maud Muller," as it was from that which he drew his consolation.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

S. M. Fall started last week for the railroad, taking fifty head of fat steers, sold at four dollars a hundred. R. F. Burden sold his steers, about fifty, at $4.35.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

S. A. Morris and Co. have returned from Oklahoma. They report U. S. officers, soldiers, and Indians in abundance, but the settlers cannot remain in the territory.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Jas. Lee and A. J. Peebler started north last week with some seventy head of young cattle.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

B. H. Clover dons the suit of the honest miller semi-occasionally.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Squire Jones returned some days ago from St. Louis. He reports all things lovely and the "future great."

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Doctor Chapman's new store room is quite an ornament to Lazette.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

The new drug store in charge of Squire Pickering is one of the neatest stores in the west.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

The boys at the blacksmith shop have made good improvements lately, and keep things moving around their forges.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

H. T. Albert's school is full, and work moves along well toward the close of the term.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

And now the sweet voiced locust, he of the fourteen year brand, is heard singing in our forests.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

The book agent, the map agent, the chart agent, and the iron cement man have been in our midst these many days.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

SALT CITY, MAY 27, 1879.

Mrs. Royal has almost recovered from her injuries received several weeks ago by being thrown from a spring wagon while making a trip to Arkansas City.

Thirty-four teams loaded with wheat left Bolton one day last week for Wichita.

Charley Willard is putting up a snug frame house 16 x 24 on his farm.

Capt. J. B. Nipp and Wm. Berkey have a herd of 250 ponies here, just up from Texas, and are meeting with good success in sales.

T. C. Mills has returned from Florence. He has rented his place there and thinks too much of this country to stay away.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

DEXTER, JUNE 2, 1879.

A most shocking affair occurred yesterday morning at Cedarvale. Mrs. Brady cut her own throat and caused death instantly. She's the mother of a large family and has been highly respected in the community in which she has lived.

The Dexter Savings Bank has busted. Farmers are cutting wheat. Corn looks better than that of our neighbors east of us.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

The meeting to devise ways and means for celebrating the "Glorious Fourth," met at the office of Chas. Payson and organized by electing J. Conklin, chairman, and E. P. Greer, secretary. The following committees were appointed.

Arrangements: Messrs. Rogers, Manning, and Wm. Robinson.

Programme: Messrs. Kinne, Troup, and Jennings.

Invitations: Messrs. Allison, Conklin, and Millington.

Music: Messrs. Buckman, Crippen, and Wilkinson.

Let the different committees go to work and let us have a grand, old-fashioned time.

Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

EDITOR COURIER:I haven't much to say this time, as I made but a short, quick trip. Leaving Arkansas City on the 20th and returning on the 26th, going to Ponca, Pawnee, and Kaw agencies, taking in Governor Joe's camp on Salt creek as I came by, cutting across the country from Pawnee to Kaw agency.

The Pawnees held a council last Saturday, and declared their intentions to go back to their Reserve in Nebraska if the Government didn't pay them according to the treaty. No one seems to know why they are not paid, and the delay is shameful and is working a great hardship upon them. The government should hold faith with the Pawnees, if with no other tribe. It can't be recollected when they were at war with the whites, and I believe them as loyal men as exist to-day. Go among them and call for recruits to-day, and every soul that can cling to a horse will come forward and tell you as they did the agent in their council, they were ready to die for the government. This they said with tears in their eyes, while they begged to be told what wrong they had committed that they should be treated so negligently. As "Sun Chief" said: "We feel as though we had killed some of the Great Father's children, yet we know that we have not." I like the Pawnees. They are men all over. When they go on the plains, no Indian can cope with them, and when they talk, they are listened to. It is not so with the Osages. With them it is "how" to your face and an arrow to your back. Of course, there are exceptions. My friend Ah-hun-ke-mi, is one. (I put this in for fear "Bill Conner" will see it, and "Bill," or Ah-hun-ke-mi, is a special friend of mine.)

It's wonderful how these Indians find out what is going on. Every Ponca, Pawnee, and Cheyenne knows of the late decision in "Standing Bear's" favor. They know the movements of the troops in the North, and can discount any lawyer living reciting treaties.

It's a mistake about many of the Indians being Free Masons. Some of them are, but the signs given by them are generally accidental. The "plains" language, used and understood by Indians is all signs. Different tribes are designated among Indians from some particular trait of the tribe. For instance, the Sioux are called "cut-throats," because they always cut the throats of their victims. The Cheyennes are called "cut-finger" from the fact that when one member of the tribe is sick or dies, the mother or squaw will cut off a finger at the joint, and then hold it up to the sun for days. The Pawnees are called wolves, as they dress in wolf skins when creeping up to steal horses. In the plains language, a motion across the throat with the hand indicates Sioux. The same on the finger, Cheyenne, and placing the hands to the head with a finger on each side, indicates Pawnee or wolf. Thus it is in the plains language, all by signs.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.


The principal excitement for the coming week in this township is a lawsuit pending before Squire Henthorn on the 4th of June between two Dutch creekers. The difference between them as claimed will not more than pay their attorneys fees. Harvest is at hand the first of the coming week and everybody is happy.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

Crops looking well, but need rain. Several farmers moving their wheat to market. Headrick, Hooper, Hartwright, and Jarvis. Headrick takes up some four hundred bushels.

Read's stone building is rapidly approaching completion and when done will be the finest in Richland township. John Herndon is the lively lad who plies the mort and lays the stone, and it is supposed that he whistles, sings, or dances a jig for every stone laid, and a regular hoe-down thrown in when he jams a finger.

L. B. Stone still runs the grange store and has plenty of ice to keep the township cool. Frank Chapin and family paid their friends a visit this week in Richland. Miss Lillie Baen put in her appearance at Floral last week. Call again, Miss Millie. This is the year for the Egyptian or Pharoah locust, and already their chatter is heard in the timber. If they have B. V. on their wings look out for war. Richmond's school is out after a nine month's siege. Good templers talking up a picnic at Floral.


Winfield Courier, June 5, 1879.

All parties interested will hereby take notice that D. A. Millington, administrator of the estate of W. Q. Mansfield, deceased, on the 4th day of June, A. D., 1879, filed his petition in the Probate Court within and for the County of Cowley, and State of Kansas, alleging that the personal estate of said decedent is insufficient to pay his debts and the charges of administering his estate; that he died seized in fee simple of the following described real estate situated in aid county, to-wit: The S. W. 1/4 of Section 33, in Township 32, south of Range 4 East.

The prayer of said petition is for a sale of said premises for the payment of the debts and charges aforesaid.

The said Court has set for the hearing of said petition, Monday, the 7th day of July, 1879, at 10 o'clock a.m., at his office in the Courthouse at Winfield in said county.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, June 12, 1879. - Front Page.

Corn looks very well, although a good rain would not hurt it. The chinch bugs are in most of the wheat, and to some pieces are doing considerable damage. Harvesting will be in full blast in another week. Elisha Harned will begin cutting his wheat today. Several of the young people of this part are having the ague. Miss Mary Jackson and Mr. Frank Smith were bitten by rattlesnakes last week, but both are convalescing. Baltimore can again boast of a Sunday school: J. C. Stratton, superintendent.

Mr. Frank Haycraft has purchased Mrs. Dilsaver's place, and Mr. Calvin Haycraft has purchased Mrs. Monk's place; both farms lying north of Baltimore. The two ladies have moved to Winfield.

Miss Boicourt is teaching a summer school at the Baltimore school house now.

Charles Messenger and George F. Thompson returned from Manhattan on the 25th of May, where they have been attending college since last September. Both are well pleased with their first year in college, and will probably return again in the fall.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879. - Front Page.


Our town has been quite lively the past week. A number of strangers have been here, looking at the prospects for business. All seemed favorably impressed with the lookout of our town and surrounding country. One of your citizens, Mr. Hoenscheidt, has spent several days amongst us, surveying and establishing a grade for the principal street of our city as though someone intended in the near future to build. Our new street commissioner, Col. Mott, and a large gang of men and teams are grading and filling up the low places on Summit Street and Central Avenue. What has already been done has improved the looks of things very much. Almost every business house on Summit Street has received a new coat of paint, and signs without number adorn the windows of our shops and stores. We have a new sign painter whose forte is ornamental painting on glass, and almost every window in town is daubed with paint of all the colors of the rainbow.

The hail destroyed many fields that were looking fine and the grasshoppers ate up several fields last fall and winter. The river is on a standstill; little of the June rise has come down as yet, so no boats up yet.

Graffic, our sign painter, has left town; also several little bills unpaid. A little too fast for his own good and the confidence of his friends.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Black silks reduced in price at Turner Bros.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Miss Amy Robinson is teaching in district 44.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Indications point to a large class at the next Normal.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Wheat has fallen from 90 to 82 cents in Wichita.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

A. E. Hon has closed his term of School in District 10.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Miss Jennie Lowry is making a short visit at South Haven.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mr. H. P. Stanley, of the Vidette, was in town Sunday.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

R. B. Huster, formerly teacher in district 30, has gone to Lawrence.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

School District 118 has been organized by our county superintendent.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

District 82, Liberty township, has voted bonds for a school house.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mr. Freeland has the contract for the excavation of Mr. Jochem's building.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Seaside buntings in all shades at Turner Bros.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

There will be a grand union Sunday School picnic Thursday in the old fair grounds north of town.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mr. Jochems is moving his store building to the vacant lot north of Lynn & Gillelens, to give place for his new brick building.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Messrs. Kinne, Baird, and Graham are attending the Grand Lodge of the Knights of Honor, which convenes at Emporia this week.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

In the case of the State vs. Hayne for petty larceny, tried before Judge Boyer on Tuesday, Hayne was found guilty and sentenced to pay a fine of $25 and 24 hours in the county jail.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Messrs. Rogers & Sanford are getting the race track in splendid condition. They have had a lot of men at work plowing and scraping and the track will in a few days be ready for driving.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Charles Powell has accepted an agency from Van Antwerp, Bragg & Co., publishers of the widely known Eclectic series of school books. Charley is a responsible representative of a responsible firm.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mr. Frank Hanchet has purchased an interest in the Scari dairy. Mr. Hanchet is an old dairyman, having come from "York State," where they know how to run the milk business, and is not a "milk and water man" by any means.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mr. P. Baden left for home last Thursday morning, having rented the Bahntge building, of which he gets possession the first of August. This is one of the finest store rooms in the city, being 25 x 120, with a basement under the whole building.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mr. Will Mowry, of Arkansas City, was up last week. Will, besides being one of the best fellows in Southern Kansas, is a first class druggist, and much of the popularity of the Loomis drug store is due to his skill in manipulating the "spatula."

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mr. F. M. Woodruff, from Hornersville, New York, has arrived in Winfield, this time to stay. After visiting our little city last spring, he was so well pleased with our prospects that he returned home immediately to close up his business preparatory to moving here.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mr. Geo. Crippen took a large lot of wheat to Wichita last week, which he sold for 90 cents per bushel. About an hour after the wheat was disposed of and Mr. Crippen had pocketed the cash, the wires brought news of a fall of seven cents per bushel, with a prospect of still lower market.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mr. Lewis Weil has been in town several days settling up matters in regard to his German emigration paper, of which he printed 10,000 copies, entirely in the interest of Cowley county. It is a very neat looking sheet, typographically, but the matter it contains is "all Dutch" to us.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

On last Friday the spring term of the Winfield school closed. This has been the most successful term of school ever taught in Winfield. The principal, Mr. Geo. Robinson, has worked earnestly and faithfully to bring our schools to a high state of perfection, and his success is justly merited.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mr. Herman Jochems has made arrangements to build a large brick business house on the site of his present building. It will be a very fine building and he expects to have it completed in sixty days after the commencement. Mr. Jochem's increasing business has long demanded more commodious quarters, and with the erection of the new building, he will have one of the best hardware stores in Southern Kansas. Mr. John Hoenscheidt has the building in charge.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

`Tis sad but it's a fact, that whenever Tuck Southard leaves town something always happens. He started to Elk City for his "better half" last week, and had hardly got over the Alexander mound before Baird Bros. delivery wagon upset, spilling dry goods and groceries all over the street; and before he returned, one of the clerks got sick and left the country, a coal oil barrel leaked all over the cellar floor, and a boy appeared with nine baking power tickets and demanded a cromo. If Tuck returns safe, his fate is sealed for he will never be allowed to leave town again under any circumstances.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Ex-Sheriff Parker has been in town for some days.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mr. J. G. Kraft left for the east last Sunday Morning.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mr. Sid Majors and lady have been visiting friends in Butler county.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mr. C. C. Wallis is visiting in Independence"prospecting," he calls it.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mr. Taggart has moved his building one lot north and will fix it up as a grocery store.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

The Winfield marble works are receiving orders as fast as they can fill them. Their work is first class, and we are glad to see them prosper.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

In the baseball game Tuesday the Winfield club threw up the game at the end of the 4th inning, the score standing 31 to 4 in favor of the Whites.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Capt. Nipp's herd of Texas ponies attract crowds of strangers, as the process of lassoing and riding wild horses is rather new to a "foreigner."

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

In another column will be found the card of Messrs. Smith Bros., dentists. These gentlemen came here from Carthage, Missouri, have bought property, and intend to stay.

AD: SMITH BROTHERS, DENTISTS. Have purchased property and permanently located in Winfield, Kansas. Office at present with Dr. Graham.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

The walls of Col. Manning's new building are going up rapidly and will be ready for roofing in a short time. Dr. Fleming will have his drug store on the first floor.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

A team of horses on Ninth Avenue took fright Monday and ran down the street at a breakneck pace. Persons should be careful about leaving their teams unhitched on the street.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mr. Jordan, who has been here for some time past, left for his home in Illinois last Sunday morning. His health has been quite poor for some time and we hope the trip may do him good.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

MARRIED: On the 29th day of May, at Brooklands, the residence of the bride's mother, by the Rev. J. E. Platter, Mr. Frank Peabody to Kate C., third daughter of the late Rev. T. B. Johnson, all of Ninnescah township, Cowley County.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Dr. Fleming, with the assistance of Messrs. Monroe and Higgins, has caged "Excelsior" and inscribed the merits of Fleming's ague tonic on his banner. The doctor don't propose to hide his light under a bushel.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Wilson & Thompson are putting on a forty foot addition on their livery stable, to be used as a carriage house. The proprietors intend to make this the "boss" livery stable in the coun try, and they know exactly how to do it.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Lawyer Allen has bought a new safe to protect his books, papers, etc., from fire and burglars. There is not much danger of the latter, for there isn't a burglar in Christendom who could read Mr. Allen's writing and tell a $10,000 note from an antidote for poison.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

A large number of teams are at work hauling stone for C. A. Bliss' mill dam. Some of the rocks are so large that only one stone is hauled at a load. The completion of this dam will give them splendid water power and will make the Bliss mills second to none in the state.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

W. T. Roland & Son have largely increased the business of the Weston hardware store since they came into possession. Mr. Ed. Roland is one of the most gentlemanly and obliging young men in town, and persons trading with them can rely upon everything being just as it is represented.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

The annual meeting for the election of school officers will come on Thursday the 14th day of August. Clerks, directors, and treasurers should get their districts in ship-shape for this meeting, and patrons should turn out in full force to do their duty in supporting and regulating school matters.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

J. W. Thomas, of Tisdale, sheared this year fifty Paular merino bucks, from two to four years old, which averaged twenty-three pounds of wool to the head. Mr. Meech thinks this was the heaviest lot of fleeces ever sheared in America. The heaviest weighed 29 1/2 pounds, the next 28 1/2 pounds. Beat this who can.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Messrs. Baden Bros., the big merchants of Independence, have rented the first floor and basement of the Bahntge building and will open up here about the first of July. They will probably keep a branch store at Independence for some time yet, as that burg still has a few sparks of vitality left. Men of enterprise always want to be where things are "booming."

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

There will be a "basket meeting" held in the grove on the Walnut river at the Murphy ford, five miles northwest of the city of Winfield, on Saturday and Sunday, June 28th and 29th. Revs. Platter, Cairns, and Hyden, of Winfield, will probably be in attendance on Saturday, and Rev. Wm. Harris and others will be present and assist in the services on Sabbath. Fine shade and excellent water on the grounds. A cordial invitation is extended to all persons to attend these services. B. C. SWARTS, Pastor, Winfield Ct. M. E. Church.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

At a meeting of the directors of the Walnut Valley Fair Association, at the office of Col. Alexander, last Thursday, it was decided to hold the fair October 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th. The following appointments were made:

General Supt.: J. L. Horning.

Chief of Police: J. C. Roberts.

Chief Marshal: P. M. Waite.


A. R. B. Pratt.

B. P. B. Lee.

C. C. S. Smith.

D. Wm. Hodges.

E. J. F. Miller.

F. Jas. Berry.

G. J. Hoenscheidt.

H. J. Nixon.

I. S. S. Holloway.

J. A. J. Burrel.

K. Mrs. J. E. Platter.

L. Mrs. M. E. Davis.

M. T. H. McLaughlin.

N. J. H. Worden.

O. E. P. Hickok.

P. J. E. Platter.

Q. G. W. Prater.

R. W. P. Hackney.

S. S. M. Fall.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

The store room and hardware stock of H. Jochems has been removed to the Kirk lot, just north of Lynn and Gillelen's store, where his many customers will find him until the completion of his new building.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mr. Robert Hudson moved the Jochem building with all the shelf hardware intact and never disturbed a thing. When Mr. Hudson goes to work on a building, he is sure to make it go.

Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Mrs. Nixon, wife of W. H. Nixon, living seven miles northwest of town, on last Saturday, in reaching overhead in order to get something, stepped upon a barrel, her foothold giving way, precipating her with such force to the floor that in endeavoring to save herself, she fell upon her left hand, dislocating the wrist and fracturing the lower end of the outer bone, making a painful wound. Drs. Cole and Wolfe rendered the necessary service.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.


John B. Corar to Mary E. Phillips.

Robt S. McClanaham to Mattie H. Thompson.

M. J. Caper to Ella A. Crocker.

J. S. Bell to Lotta B. Francisco.

John O. Herbert to Mattie C. Chambers.

John L. Harmon to Alice K. Jenkins.


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Dr. Allen's horses ran away Sunday while out driving. He had a couple of young ladies from the entertainment in with him and the horses took the drop on him while he was busy holding one of the fair damsels in the buggy. They had not run far when the doctor was thrown out on his back and both of the girls on top of him. The doctor feels as though he had been run over by a one-horse street car. This morning sees him going towards the spring for relief. He was into Dr. Arnold's to get some sticking plaster for the girls. How much danger there is in running around with a married man. The buggy is somewhat damaged, too.

[Thanks, Boz, come again and give us your name.Ed.]


Winfield Courier, June 12, 1879.

Our wheat will hardly be an average crop this season, owing to damage by hail and the ravages of the chinch bug, the latter being present in countless numbers. Fears are entertained that corn and oats will suffer from this pest after wheat is havested.

The A. T. & S. F. Co. are throwing dirt lively on our western border. It appears that Maple is to be left out in the cold as regards depot, etc., notwithstanding the liberal offer made the company by our enterprising postmaster, Mr. Norman, who has worked faithfully for them and now has the cold shoulder shown him. Well, such is life. We will ask Mr. Santa Fe no odds when our eastern road is built.

Thomas Lumkins met with quite a serious accident on the 3rd. He was riding on horseback when his horse shied and threw him. His foot caught in the stirrup when the horse kicked him, breaking his leg below the knee.

Miss Strong, of Rock, is teaching a summer school at the Centennial school house.

Rev. Kraus held services at the residence of George Kunby, last Tuesday.

Mr. Lingerfelter's new stone residence west of Red Bud is nearing completion.

Mr. Lewis Burden, late of Ohio, is soon to commence the erection of a stone house on his claim southeast of Red Bud. Kraft & Beaver have the contract for the stone work.

Emigrants and land buyers are quite numerous in these parts. Who says a railroad has no attractions.