[FROM APRIL 20, 1882, THROUGH MAY 18, 1882.]




Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882. Front Page.



EDS. COURIER: I met in the Florida hill lands an old acquaintance that I had not seen for years. I used to be well acquainted with him when a boy in the State of New York, and in those days of rural ignorance he had a bad character. When not amusing himself with driving oxen in a circle (it was always "haw" with him), he would steal the newly planted corn from the field, until he came to be regarded by the husband-man as a veritable thief. I was really pleased to see him, and felt glad that public sentiment concerning his reputation had changed in his behalf, and that he is now looked upon as the farmers' friend and benefactor, in ridding the earth and air of destroying insects and worms. He looked as fine and sleek as fifty years ago; his voice only seemed to have changed. Instead of bidding his imaginary steers in the long, broad Yorkshire idiom to "haw," he gave the vowel a short, flat sound, styled the Italian. Whether he thought this style of expression more fashionable or had learned it from some old short-winded plowman, I am unable to say, but do say heartily, long live Mr. Crow.

Another agreeable surprise met me in this lovely lakelet hill land of Florida. In the triangle, two sides of which are composed of the loveliest of lakes, Eustis and Dora, and for a few miles outside of the imaginary line constituting the hypotenuse, is an area of gentle hills and gradual slopes reaching down to clear soft-water lakes, and dotted all over with groves of the orange, lemon, lime, guava, le conte pear, peach, plum, mulberry, shaddock, citron, fig, patches of banana, pineapple, grape, and small fruits; and stately undulating forests of the tall yellow pine, with the elegant palmetto gracing the shore fronts; and this Elysian land is peopled by an educated literary and refined class of pioneers, from the northern states principally, but chiefly from the state of New York. The reader will not forget that the scene I have described is in Orange County. An officer from the land office at Gainesville informed me that while the counties of Sumter, Hillsboro, and Polk were settling up with a mixed immigration from both North and South, Orange County was receiving her population almost exclusively from the Northern states. And only see what a lake country it is! In this triangle and vicinity, bounded on the sides by the large lakes Eustis and Dora, and comprising an area of ten miles square, are lakes Saunders, Joanna, Gertrude, Trout, Eldorado, May, Swatara, Blue, Willie, Dot, Gracie, Morin, Alfred, Irma, Crooked Lake, Loch Seven, Katie, Woodward, Etowa, Juniata, Beauclaire, Olla, and Crown Lake. I may have omitted some. The land is measured only to the lakes, not to include them, and each home, however small, is generally accommodated with a "Lake Front." How exceedingly pleasant this arrangement can be made. For instance, the charming little lake of Eldorado is bordered by the homes of several estimable families from Brooklyn, New York; among whom are A. J. Sembler, H. H. Key, H. W. Hore, and J. R. Blont, all first-class, princely gentlemen, having beautiful villa sites with flower lawns extending to the clear, deep waters of the lake well stored with excellent fish, and an alligator or two, or perhaps three, and each with a neat bath-house, and boat-house to shelter the elegant little skiff that takes the family on their evening pleasure ride. Can the imagination paint a more perfect paradise on earth than such a beauty-spot which it will surely become in a single decade?

In this favored locality I found Col. G. H. Norton and family, formerly residents of Arkansas City, Kansas. I know his old friends in Kansas will be glad to learn that the Colonel, by his industry, integrity, and good judgment, has accumulated a nice competence, and stands at the acme in the esteem and good will of all in his community. I found them delightfully located in the midst of a hill grove of tropical fruits, extending on one side to the waters of Crooked Lake, and on the other to Lake Gracie. I shall never cease to remember with keen pleasure my visits to their comfortable home, and the kind and generous hospitality extended by Mrs. Norton, whose amiable accomplishments and genial nature has endeared her to all her acquaintances and to the society in which she is a valuable ornament.

Fifteen years ago, an educated, talented young gentleman, a practical surveyor and civil engineer, left the State of New York to visit and study up the capabilities and resources of Florida. With no railroads, and the rivers poorly navigated, he procured him a mule and cart, and with his blankets and mess-box, he threaded the whole state, examining the lands and spotting the eligible locations. His foresight and judgment have been fully sustained, in his selection of Orange County, and this lake region, for his home. He returned to New York and became the editor of the Florida New Yorker, which has resulted in such an unprecedented "boom" for that State. This gentleman, Col. J. A. McDonald, having accomplished his mission, returned to Lake Eustis, where he now resides, owning large possessions, locating large numbers of immigrants, and ready at any moment to give more information to the stranger about Florida in one hour than he could obtain by books and travel in a year. Here is published the Semi-Tropical, by Benj. H. Vogt, formerly of New Jersey. It is a bright, newsy sheet, for $1.50 per year, and is devoted to the local interests of its section. In this vicinity resides, on an old plantation containing a fine bearing orange grove, Hon. J. M. Byran, a true Southern gentleman, and an honored citizens, serving a constituency in the Legislature, the most accomplished, intellectually, in the State. Here also, on the shores of the lovely Lake Joanna, resides with his family on his plantation stocked with tropical productions, Col. Alex. St. Clair Abrams, a true, generous, noble-hearted gentleman of Southern birth, a distinguished lawyer, and now District Attorney in the judicial district in which he resides; his practice is said to be worth $30,000 a year, and his abilities, indomitable energy, and perseverance have made him one of the most notable and, perhaps, the best known of anyone in the State. . . [Note: Mentions names of people from New York, Philadelphia, etc., that he considers being well known, who have settled in Florida. MAW]

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.


Planting corn, making garden and soap, and cleaning house are among the pressing duties of the day.

The Misses Julia Bovee and Nannie Jackson visited their former teacher, Mr. Floyd, and wife, of Burden, last week. The old horse that don't get tired took them, and they enjoyed their short trip on the train and the visit immensely.

Mr. C. C. Chapell has gone to St. Louis to consult physicians of that place. Mr. Chapell, Sr., is also quite ill, but is mending slowly.

Mr. McCoy visited friends near Arkansas City recently, and then came back and settled down to work in the interest of Mr. J. J. Johnson.

Mrs. Bovee, while in town, made a misstep and broke one of the bones in the lower part of her limb. She was taken to Mrs. Swain's and Dr. Emerson carefully set the broken bone, and her daughter, Miss Julia, tenderly cares for the poor afflicted mother, while Miss Sarah stays in the home nest and ministers to the physical wants of those at home.

Mrs. J. J. Johnson is afflicted with erysipelas, but is slightly better.

Mrs. C. C. Crow has been on the invalid list for a long time. She is now receiving treatment from Dr. Irwin and declares herself much better than she has been for many months.

Mr. Marlow, living on the Brooks farm, is badly crippled with rheumatism in his ankle.

Mr. and Mrs. Miller have quit boarding and gone to housekeeping, and Mrs. Miller is very successful in overcoming many difficulties that at first perplex the uninitiated housewife. Perseverance conquers all things.

Miss Mary Dalgarn is home from attending Prairie Home school.

Rev. C. P. Graham will start on Tuesday for the Presbytery that convenes this time at Wellington. He is very desirous of Mr. J. W. Hoyland's company, but farmers think business first and he has not fully decided to go.

Mr. Cottingham of Timber Creek has been putting h\in his time walling and cementing Mr. McMillen's cistern.

A good and welcome rain fell on Friday night, refreshing the looks of all growing grain, grass, etc. A little hail fell but did no damage. Kansas zephyrs are on a tear lately the way they make music in the tree tops, but when well laden with the odor of flowers, it is not quite so disagreeable as the cold, chilly winds of December. OLIVIA.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: The Colorado River Reserve is divided by the Colorado River, about one-third of the reserve lying in California, the balance in Arizona. The Colorado River washes the western border of Arizona. It is a mighty river, and is the principal tributary of the Pacific Ocean on the North American continent south of the Columbia. It was discovered in A. D. 1540, by Captain Hernando Alarcon. It rises in the Rocky Mountains about 12,000 feet above the sea level. Its length is 1,000 miles. With its tributaries it is estimated at 2,000 miles. It is navigable 600 miles. Its waters are muddy, after passing the grand canyon, so well described by Major Powell, hence the name Colorado, or Red River. The main channel is constantly shifting, rendering navigation very uncertain. The average width is a half mile, the average depth four feet. It overflows the bottom lands annually. The rise commences the last of March, and by the first of July hundreds of thousands of acres of rich land are under water. After July 1st the water recedes, the planting is done, and the growth of vegetation is very rapid. The water is cold until late in May although the thermometer now stands at 90 degrees F., in the shade, for several hours each day. The coldness of the water is caused by its snowy source. The yearly rain fall at this place is one and one-half inches, at Fort Yuma about one inch, at Fort Mohave two inches. Without the overflow this wonderful valley would be an arid desert indeed. It is a delightful place to spend the winter. No snowno mudno rainvery rarely wind. The scenery is grand, and the natives picturesque. A thin scum of ice rarely forms on smooth water; the temperature rarely changes. All the advantages required by consumptives are present, except good hotels. At Yuma there is a good hotel. The summer, however, is too enervating for that class of patients; although I have met two gentlemen who came here expecting to die of consumption, who instead of dying have regained their health, and "made a raise" which is generally considered of more importance than health in this section. Many men who have been here five, ten, fifteen, twenty years say they long to return to their native home, but would rather lay down and die on the desert than do so without making the long looked for "raise." A "raise" means any figure above $250,000. $10,000 is small pocket change. Nearly all the inhabitants are millionaires without a dollar in change. Their wealth is in holes in the ground. An old timer in the golden days gambled away $50,000 in a single night. A few days after he concluded to start for another supply of pocket change. He managed to trade his share in a mine for a dilapidated burro or jackass, and while passing through a mining camp was asked how much his animal cost. The solemn answer was, "A quarter of a million." Those golden days have passed, the loose change scattered in the sand has mostly been picked up, the Indians have done their bloody work, much of Arizona has been deserted, but glorious days are ahead. Soon isolation, the great barrier to progress, will be a thing of the past. The Southern Pacific R. R. has done much in the south, and soon the Atlantic & Pacific will do its part in the north, and then with branch R. R., Arizona will startle the world. Her Indian wars will be settled, her poverty stricken millionaires will be prosperous. The barbarous territory of "sand hills" and "immense distances" will take her place in the American constellation. Arizona signifies "sand hills." Respectfully, C. G. SMITH.


Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.


Warden Hopkins, of the State penitentiary, paid into the State treasury last week $8,491.01, and drew out $8,470.36, the first time in the history of the State that the peniten- tiary has been self-supporting. The sale of coal from the penitentiary shaft and the judicious management of Major Hopkins are the causes that did the happy result.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.


The COURIER job office has printed a "Memorial to the President of the United States, from the Synod of Kansas of the Presbyterian Church, asking for the restoration of the Nez Perce Indians to their home in Idaho Territory." This memorial was prepared by a committee appointed for that purpose by the Synod, consisting of Rev. James E. Platter, Rev. Samuel B. Fleming, and Rev. James Wilson, and is as well written and as neatly printed as any pamphlet we ever saw. It covers the whole ground and shows from public documents and the reports and statements of officers of the army and Indian department that by the treaty of 1855 the Nez Perces were entitled to that territory in Idaho which they considered their ancestral home; that the whites came to want to occupy their territory for speculative and other purposes, and that the treaty of 1863 was proposed which would remove them to a reservation, that a portion of the tribe known as Joseph's band refused to sign the treaty ceding their portion of the territory to the United States, but remained thereon, as they had the right to do; that the unjust attempt to drive them from this land brought on what was known as Chief Joseph's war; that they fought bravely and finally surrendered under the stipulation that they should be sent back to Idaho; that instead thereof, they were sent to the Indian Territory and that sickness, caused by the change of climate, has reduced their numbers from 950 to 320; that now they are entirely supported by the government, while in Idaho they were, and the rest of the tribe are, self-supporting; that they have only the longing desire to return to their old home; that the Nez Perces have always been loyal and peaceable, and are very far superior to most of the Indians in morals and intelligence. In conclusion, it makes a most powerful and convincing appeal on their behalf and we hope it will have the desired effect.


Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882. Editorial Page. [Item taken from Traveler.]


The mail carrier on the route from this place, via Silverdale, Maple City, etc., to Coffeyville, returned last Wednesday with the report that he could not cross Grouse Creek, and our subscribers in consequence thereof were deprived of the paper that we worked till eleven o'clock at night the evening before to supply them with. The day previous, when the water was still higher than when the mail reached the creek, parties were in town from Maple City, and we learn that if the carrier had gone one mile further up the creek, he could have crossed. The main trouble is the proper effort is not made. And the reason it is not made, is because the contractors pay such outrageously low prices to carriers that they can't afford good horses and have not the disposition to do anything. And right here I want to give warning to carriers: Don't enter into any contract unless you are amply paid for your time, horse hire, and expenses.

It will not be long now until agents will be about to talk you into taking sub-contracts. Before complying, satisfy yourself if the agent or contractor, himself, gets enough to pay you, and if not, beware. There are contractors here at home, well known and responsible men, and we believe in every instance these gentlemen have been more prompt in conveying the mails, extend more accommodation to the public, and pay better wages to carriers than any non-resident contractor we have heard of; but these men bid nearly double the amount of those to whom the awards have been made, and consequently, have quit the business. The following is a sample of some of the contracts let, and which it will be well enough for carriers to bear in mind and secure their pay before the work is done, or have a guarantee of it when it is done.

Wellington to Arkansas City, J. B. Emmerson, 35 milesthree times a week, $498.00; from Sac & Fox Agency to Johnson's, 72 miles, twice a week, $856, Sac & Fox to Muscogee, 100 miles, three times a week in 25 hours time, $1,870.

We may be wrong, but our opinion is on some of these routes, as well as many others, we have not heard from the carrier and the public will suffer because the pay won't justify reliable men and good horses. However, we don't expect to complain, only when it strikes directly at our own interests, and the interests of this community.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.


The Indians in the Territory have been very much dissatisfied because Jay Gould has secured the St. Louis and San Francisco line running through that country, and have heretofore vowed vengeance. Monday, March 27, a brakeman who was on the top of a car was shot by several bullets while the train was going through a ravine near Muscogee. A few days after another brakeman shared the same fate. Sheriff Williams, who went to hunt the offenders, has not been heard of since the 5th inst., and he is believed to have been murdered. Lately an engineer on a train from Muscogee reports an attempt to wreck his train, and the firing of several shots into the engine. The ruffians escaped. Such experiences are reported almost weekly from that section.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

STATE NEWS. The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe road has 308 locomotives, and is constantly buying new ones.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Recap Publication Notice, District Court of Cowley County. S. E. Schermerhorn, Plaintiff, versus Samuel T. Endicott, Nellie D. Endicott, F. S. Jennings, Travelers Insurance Company of Hartford, Connecticut, A. D. Wear, S. M. Jarvis & R. R. Conklin doing business under the name and stole of Jarvis, Conklin & Co. [Paper had "Endecott" at first. This was later corrected to show "Endicott." MAW]

To the defendants, A. D. Wear, S. M. Jarvis, and R. R. Conklin in the above entitled action. Sued by Plaintiff (Endicotts) for $231.93 and interest thereon at the rate of 12% per annum from November 29, 1880, and for costs of suit and foreclosure of mortgage, etc.

Property: West half of Southeast Quarter, and Southwest Quarter and Northeast Quarter, all in Section 35, Township 34, south of Range 4E.

Plaintiffs' attorney, J. F. McMullen.

Attested to by Cowley Co. District Court Clerk, E. S. Bedilion.


Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

The wind Tuesday was simply terrific.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Court convenes next Monday. The docket is quite lengthy.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

About thirty schools will be in session in Cowley County this spring.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Dr. Davis has his office on Main Street once moreover Earnest's store.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

The City Millinery opening will occur this week, 20th and 21st. All are invited.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Jim England is keeping store at Cedarvale now. He was over taking in the metropolis Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Miss Emma Crippen, who has been teaching in our schools during the past winter, left Monday for her home in Illinois.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Justice Soward has opened his office over Henry Goldsmith's and is now transacting business as Justice of the Peace.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Senator Pyburn has removed his law office from Kansas City to LeMans, Missouri, where he is enjoying a most lucrative practice.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Some of the wheat in Cowley County is 30 inches high and beginning to head. All the wheat is forward, thick, and luxuriant.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Baden has his two stores connected by telephone now, and he can transact business at both places from his desk in the north store.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Soda fountains are springing up all over the city in spite of the scarcity of ice. It will be worth two bits a sizzle unless you take it warm.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Mrs. Henderson, one of Arkansas City's leading milliners, came up Monday to visit friends and attend some of our millinery openings.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

A fellow named Buckwheat has been engaged for the baseball season at St. Louis because he is a good batter. He will undoubtedly rise in the world.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Mrs. S. P. Strong was taken quite ill last Saturday on her way to town. She was taken to a hotel here and after resting, recovered sufficiently to be taken home.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Miss Mansfield will have an opening of her Spring Millinery Goods Thursday and Friday. All the ladies should be out, as the display will be exceptionally fine.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Mr. J. C. Roberts brought a 6-1/2 months old pig to town Saturday, which weighed 334 pounds, and brought $19.80. This is what we call hogging it along lively.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

O. F. Boyle has been re-elected trustee of Durango. Tony always takes the lead: partly because he is a clear-headed citizen and partly because he is "from Winfield."

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

The old choir of the Episcopal Church, having become rested, have begun to sing again. The music at both morning and evening services, we learn was very fine.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

MARRIED. Married at the residence of Dr. Green, in Winfield, April 17th, 1882, by Rev. J. Cairns, Mr. David Gammon and Miss Annie C. Maxfield, both of Seeley, Cowley County.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

A bus load of the young fellows of the city took in Arkansas City Sunday. We have not yet learned how disastrous to the city their visit was. We expect that the canal is dry.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

School district boards should look out for a fraud in the shape of agents selling a mathematical chart. These fellows are on the wing in this state, and they should be watched.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Ez. Nixon returned home from New Mexico last week. He came directly from Robinson and brings good news from our boys there. Ez. will probably remain at home during the summer.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Mrs. McCommon, who has been visiting her daughter, Mrs. Platter, and Mrs. Sprague, who has been visiting her daughter, Mrs. Cook, and Miss Hamill left for their homes in Chillicothe, Ohio, Monday.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

The lady who has been canvassing the state for some kind of patterns, collecting half the pay in advance, and then disappearing, succeeded in swindling one of our milliners several dollars worth.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

The Cherryvale Globe and News have consolidated. One good paper is a benefit to a community, while two poor ones are a positive detriment. Bros. Hinkle and Moore will make a booming team.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Dell Valentine, President of the State Band Union, has issued a circular announcing the premiums to be given to bands by the State Fair this fall and urging bands to organize, practice, and be present at the fair.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

E. P. Kinne came down from Kansas City Tuesday and will spend several days getting around among his friends. E. P. has been a "widdy" for the past two months, while Mrs. Kinne visited friends in Iowa and Illinois.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Dave Gammon was too much for his prospective father-in-law and last Monday he and Miss Annie Maxfield were united in marriage, and now the old man may howl his howl. There is nothing like being up with the times.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Mr. Chas. Campbell, of New York, has taken an interest with Mr. Thorpe in the Kansas Tannery. Mr. Campbell is an energetic businessman of considerable means and will be a valuable acquisition to our business and social circles.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Will Garvey and wife returned to their home in Topeka Monday. It seems kind of strange writing about Will "going home to Topeka." We have been in the habit of locating him here permanently, and hope some day to be able to do so.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

George Williams, who lives one mile east of Floral, was seriously injured on Sunday evening by a vicious cow. His right arm was broken and he was cut and bruised badly. Dr. Irwin was promptly called and at this writing he is doing well.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

The new council met Monday night. Mr. Read was re-elected President of the council and Mr. Beach, City Clerk. The Mayor nominated James Bethel for Marshal, but the council failing to confirm, the matter was laid over to the next meeting.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Will Allison is in shape to crow long and loud. He beat his opponent, County Attorney Wilsie, in the suit for libel. This leaves Mr. Wilsie in a very unenviable light before the people of Sumner County. He will certainly regret the day he tackled William.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

The first picnic of the season was held at Riverside Park Saturday, it being the annual class-day for the public schools. About two hundred parents, scholars, and teachers were present. After the picnic dinner, the class favored the audience with music, declamations, and other exercises.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

One George Phelps, for some time in the butchering business at Douglass, stole a horse from a man by the name of Smith last week, brought it to Winfield, and sold it for a small sum. He took the train for Colorado the next morning. The horse was recovered by Constable Siverd and returned to the owner.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Amos Walton dropped in to see us Monday. He reports things booming around Arkansas City, and money circulating freelyalthough we don't see how he found out about the money business. The canal is running nicely, mills grinding out the "staff of life," a gravel train loading daily, and other enterprises going forward. In other words, the city is booming.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Pursuant to call, a number of gentlemen interested in the organization of a Cowley County Agricultural Society, met at the Court House Saturday, April 15th, 1882, and were called to order by T. A. Blanchard. Thereupon, J. W. Millspaugh, of Vernon Township, was elected Chairman and T. A. Blanchard, Secretary. F. H. Graham stated that the object of the meeting was to organize for the purpose of holding a county fair this fall. On motion of J. B. Jennings, the meeting unanimously resolved to hold a fair, and a committee of six gentlemen consisting of J. C. Roberts, W. P. Hackney, W. J. Hodges, J. W. Millspaugh, J. H. Horning, and W. A. Tipton was appointed to draft articles of incorporation and report at the next meeting. The meeting then adjourned to meet on Saturday, April 22, 1882, at 2 o'clock, at which time all feeling an interest in the fair are requested to attend.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

The private schools, which take the place of the public schools for the summer, are prospering and seem to be quite popular with the people. In the east ward Prof. Trimble, Mrs. Caton, Miss Gibson, and Miss Mariam have all they can do. In the west ward Miss Allie Klingman, Miss Dunham, and Mrs. Hamilton are at work and will soon have full schools. With these schools at work there is no reason why the lack of funds to run the public schools should cripple education. Most any parent can better afford to pay $1.00 a month for the tuition of his children than to allow them to run at large for seven months.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Rev. Mr. Cairns, of Winfield, preached in the Baptist Church last Sunday. He is an old pioneer of this country and gave some of his experience of his early days in Kansas. Among other things, he gave a history of his trip he made to Wellington eight or ten years ago to organize a Baptist society in what was then the village of Wellington. After a day's hard work he succeeded in finding eight or ten members and they organized the Baptist Church of the city of Wellington. He seemed much surprised on finding what was then a village was dedicating a church before his own town. His church in Winfield will be dedicated in about four weeks. Wellington Press.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

The subject of the location of a new union depot for both roads is now being vigorously discussed. It is probable that the Santa Fe will do something in the matter at their directors' meeting, which takes place soon, hence the present activity. Some want it across the river at the junction, others directly west on Ninth Avenue, while others hope to get the road from Douglass extended to this point and locate a depot for the three on Van Deventers' place, north of town.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

We were most agreeably surprised Monday by a call from Mr. Ed. M. Osborne of New York. Two years ago Ed. spent several months of the summer here visiting friends and liked it so well that he concluded to put in another vacation in Kansas. We warrant that he will go back to the crush and the crowd of Wall street as bronzed and rugged as a native westerner before we get through with him. One or two camping excursions in the Indian Territory will do it.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Judge McDonald's brief to the supreme court in the Payson and McNeil case is one of the strongest legal documents we have ever seen. It covers twenty-seven pages of printed matter and the citations embrace the law in every phase of the case. The document was printed by our Job Department, and we flatter ourselves that it compares favorably with any work of the kind ever laid before the supreme court.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

The County Commissioners have under consideration the erection of a windmill and a large water tank on the Court House grounds, the water to be used in case of fire and to irrigate the grounds. They have been offered quite a sum for the water privilege for street sprinkling purposesenough to pay 15 or 20 percent on the investment. They meet Saturday to receive bids for the mill.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

In another column will be found the list of claims allowed by the County Board at their regular quarterly meeting last week. The Board was very careful in its allowances and showed a decided disposition to run county affairs on the most economical basis.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

[Skipped long article re meeting at Courier Editorial Room of Republican Central Committee April 15, 1882. Listing Township/Names. MAW]

Cedar, N. W. Dressie.

Dexter, J. V. Hines.

Liberty, Justus Fisher.

Ninnescah, H. H. Martin.

Omnia, A. Hattery.

Pleasant Valley, Z. B. Myer.

Rock, S. P. Strong.

Silver Creek, Edward Pate.

Tisdale, W. C. Douglass.

Vernon, P. M. Waite.

Winfield (1st Ward), D. A. Millington.

Winfield (2nd Ward), T. H. Soward.

Beaver, Bolton, Creswell, Harvey, Maple, Otter, Richland, Sheridan, Silverdale, Spring Creek, Walnut, and Windsor townships were not represented.

Passed Resolution: They were against the calling of two state conventions to select Congressmen for the State at large and also State Officers.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

On last Friday evening the residence of Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller was the scene of one of the merriest as well as the "toniest" parties ever given in Winfield. Mrs. Fuller has entertained her friends several times this winter without any of the young folks being present, but this time she honored them by giving this party, which was duly appreciated. Everyone invited, with but two exceptions, was present and never were guests more hospitably entertained. The evening was spent in dancing and other amusements, while an elegant collation consisting of cakes and ice cream was served at eleven o'clock. At a late hour the guests dispersed, all thanking their kind host and hostess for the pleasant evening so happily spent. The costumes of the guests were elegant and worthy of mention. We give below a list which we hope will be satisfactory to the ladies mentioned.

Mrs. Fred C. Hunt wore a pale steel blue silk and brocaded satin dress with fine Spanish lace trimmings, white flowers.

Mrs. Colgate, white nuns veiling en train, white satin trimmings.

Mrs. George Robinson, pink brocade satin, underskirt of black silk velvet, point lace.

Mrs. Joe Harter, black silk velvet skirt, pink bunting over dress.

Mrs. W. C. Garvey, of Topeka, white Swiss muslin, red sash and natural flowers.

Mrs. Rhodes, silver gray silk, pink ribbons.

Mrs. Thorpe, very handsome costume of heliotrope silk and silk tissue.

Mrs. Steinberger, black brocade and gros grain silk, red flowers.

Mrs. Dr. Emerson, black satin dress, cashmere bead passementerie, diamond jewelry.

Miss Jennie Hane, fine white polka dot mull trimmed in Spanish lace, pink flowers.

Miss Clara Andrews, pink bunting polonaise, black skirt.

Miss Kelly, handsome black silk.

Miss McCoy, blue silk velvet skirt and blue and old gold brocaded polonaise, Honiton lace and flowers.

Miss Jackson, navy blue silk dress, lace sleeves and fichu.

The Misses Wallis were prettily attired in cream colored mull, Miss Lizzie with pale blue sash and Miss Margie in lavender.

Miss Ama Scothorn, cream colored cheese cloth, Spanish lace trimming.

Miss Alice Dunham, dainty dress of cream bunting.

Miss Julia Smith, beautifully flowered white silk polonaise, black silk velvet skirt, diamond jewelry.

Miss Ellis, elegant gray silk.

Miss Klingman, fine white Swiss, and wine colored silk.

Miss Bryant, brown silk dress, pink ribbons.

Miss Beeny, blue and gold changeable silk fine thread lace fichu, natural flowers.

Miss Cora Berkey, black silk skirt, pink satin pointed bodice.

Miss French, black gros grain silk, very elegant.

Miss Josie Mansfield, black silk and velvet, Spanish lace.

Mrs. Bullock, black silk trimmed in Spanish lace.

Miss Belle Roberts, light silk, with red flowers.

Miss Curry, striped silk, beautifully trimmed.

Miss Bee Carruthers, cream nuns veiling, aesthetic style.

Miss Kate Millington, peacock blue silk, Spanish lace sleeves and fichu.

Miss Jessie Millington, black silk velvet and gros grain.

The following gentlemen were in attendance. Their "costumes" were remarkable for subdued elegance and the absence of aesthetic adornment.

Messrs. Steinberger; J. N. Harter; G. A. Rhodes; E. E. Thorpe; George, Will, and Ivan Robinson; Fred and Will Whiting; Mr. Colgate; F. C. Hunt; C. E. Fuller; C. C. Harris; W. H. Smith; Will Smith; W. J. Wilson; Jos. O'Hare; Jas. Lorton; Frank and E. P. Greer; Eugene Wallis; Saml. E. Davis; L. H. Webb; Harry and Chas. F. Bahntge; Chas. Campbell; Ezra Nixon; L. D. Zenor; E. G. Cole; C. H. Connell; Mr. Ed. M. Clark of McPherson; and W. C. Garvey of Topeka.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

DIED. A dispatch signed by J. C. Cline, and dated Portland, Oregon, April 16th, says that W. T. Ekel, formerly of this city, dropped dead in the streets there, Sunday morning. Mr. Ekel was a prominent mason, and well known in Topeka. Topeka Commonwealth.

Mr. Ekel is well known in this city as a former lumber dealer and was highly respected. His many friends will regret to learn of his death.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.


The Ivanhoe Club, which has been holding regular meetings all winter, gave an entertainment on Tuesday evening to which their friends were invited. Over three hundred invitations were given and with but few exceptions were responded to by the presence of those invited. A program consisting of select readings, recitations, and music was rendered, after which the guests were invited to remain and participate in a social dance. Each and every part was well sustained and the entire evening was satisfactorily passed, the audience expressing themselves well pleased. The entertainment opened by a chorus by the club, entitled "Be Happy."

Mr. Chas. H. Connell then recited in an excellent manner a poem by C. G. Eastman called "A Snow-storm." It depicted a New England scene in mid winter and Mr. Connell brought out the beauties of the poem in an interesting and spirited manner.

Miss McCoy rendered upon the piano, Mill's "Tarantolle," which was beautifully per- formed and well received, after which a short temperance piece called "A Toast" was given by Miss Jessie Millington.

A duet, "Two Loving Sisters," by two charming young ladies, Miss Jennie Hane and Miss Josie Bard, was beautifully sung. Miss Bard sings without any apparent effort and has a sweet, well cultivated voice which it is always a pleasure to listen to, while Miss Hane's alto is superb.

Mr. W. H. Smith read "The Chapel Bell," an excellent poem by J. G. Saxe. It is needless to say that it was well read.

Misses McCoy, Beeny, and Bard then favored the company by a finely executed piano trio "Fra Diavolo" by Czerny.

"Paul Revere's Ride," recited by Miss Florence Beeny, was one of the finest selections on the program and Miss Beeny did it full justice, her rendition showing a full conception of the subject and a perfectly cultivated voice.

A beautiful solo, "When the tide comes in," by William Harrison, was sung by Miss Josie Bard and was received with enthusiasm. She was loudly encored, which was responded to in their behalf by Mr. Connell, by request of the club, with the charming Irish son of "The Horse shoe Over the Door," which delighted the audience as well.

That grand old poem, "Oh, Why Should the Spirit of Mortal be Proud?" was read in an expressive manner by Mr. F. C. Hunt, which was followed by a piano recitation by Miss Beeny, which was beautiful.

"An Order for a Picture," one of Alice Carey's sweet poems, was read by Mr. W. C. Robinson in a natural and expressive style and received many compliments. Mr. Robinson then made a few remarks relative to the proceedings of the club meetings heretofore and expressed much pleasure in entertaining the friends of the Ivanhoe Club, and announced the next meeting on next Tuesday evening at the residence of Mr. M. L. Robinson.

Messrs. Snow and Buckman and Misses Bard and Hane closed the literary part of the entertainment with a "Good Night" song and the audience was dismissed, a large number of whom remained to participate in the dance, which with the excellent music furnished by the Roberts Brothers, was enjoyed by all.

The club wish to express their thanks to Mrs. Buck for the use of her piano, and to Messrs. Buckman and Snow for their kindness in lending their voices to perfect the music.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Sheep Matters.

BOLTON TOWNSHIP, April 17, 1882.

EDS. COURIER: Thousands of sheep are being driven to the state line and Indian Territory for the purpose of grazing them in the Nation. The Cherokees, who control all the lands west of the Arkansas River, north of the Cimarron River, and as far west as the Pan Handle of Texas, charge the sheep men 15 cents per head for grazing privilege, and cattle owners but 50 cents. The sheep men in consequence thereat are complaining, inasmuch as a cow or steer requires ten acres to one for a sheep. The Cherokee authorities don't seem to heed the complaints and order them to pay or leave, and many will leave, for when 15 cents a head is added to 15 cents more of Kansas tax, it makes a considerable sum on from two to four thousand sheep. (About $600, or $1,200). Grass is abundant and affords good feed for all kinds of stock. It contains much nutriment this year, owing to the slow and steady growth before the late rains. Water is plentiful and the buffalo wallows and small streams are full.

People living along the state line who refused to pay the Cherokee tax last year will be indicted for trespass and tried before the U. S. Court. A list of the offenders has been sent Hon. W. A. Phillips, their attorney, also a list to the Interior Department at Washington, and to the U. S. Marshal at Fort Smith. There are now, within a radius of ten miles of Arkansas City, over 25,000 sheep, which will give on an average four pounds of wool each, making 100,000 pounds of wool to be sold in this market. A little understanding exists among the large flock owners to hold for a fair price, or combine and ship to the best market.

The late cold rains destroyed the chinch bugs, but had a chilling effect on the thousands of young lambs only a few days old, that were out on the prairies unprotected. Many will die in consequence thereof.

Let me say, while talking of sheep, the remarks from Father Meech a few weeks since were worth reading. Have him write again. C. M. SCOTT.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

We have succeeded in securing an additional fifty foot room connecting with our main store by an archway giving us 160 feet of store room, the largest in Southern Kansas. We will use the new addition especially for Carpets, Matting, Oil Cloths, Window shades, fixtures, and fringes. Anyone in need of the above goods will favor us with a call. We will show them a very handsome line of the above goods at bottom prices. M. HAHN & CO.



Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

THE MARKETS: Wheat is worth $1.18 per bushel; for best born 70 to 75 cents. Hogs $6.20. Eggs 10 cents per dozen. Butter 25 cents per lb. Potatoes $1.50 to $1.75. Spring chickens $3.00 per dozen.


Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

A Sunday School Supper.

S. S. Holloway's Sabbath school class of girls will furnish supper in the lecture room of the M. E. Church on Thursday evening, April 27th. Supper from 7 to 9 o'clock.


Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

A Card. WINFIELD, APRIL 17, 1882. Having been elected a Justice of the Peace in and for the City of Winfield, at the late City election, and having qualified, my office is now open for the transaction of business. Respectfully, T. H. SOWARD. Office over Post Office.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

NOTICE: Dr. T. T. Davis of Marion, Kansas, will be at the 9th ave. Hotel, Winfield, Cowley Co., Kansas on the 20th day of April, 1882, and will remain until the 1st day of May, where he can be consulted as a Specialist on the following line of diseases:

Tumors of all kinds.

Glandular Enlargements.

Hemorrhoids, or Piles.

Fistula and Catarrh, Cancers Malignant Ulcers, and all diseases of the skin.

No charge for consultation. Reasonable fees for treatment.


Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

PREMIUM TEA: A. T. Spotswood & Co., have just received and opened up a new deal on family tea. The tea is sold at 60 cents a pound; with each package of one kind is a premium of a handsome decorated tea-cup and saucer. With another kind, a silver teaspoon, and with another a chance on a handsome watch. The tea is far superior to anything ever sold here for the price and carries the extra inducement of a premium with every package. Call and secure a pound before it is all gone. A. T. SPOTSWOOD & CO.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

For rent or sale the most desirable building 18 x 35 with ware room also for sale the very best vacant lot both in Hunnewell. Hooker & Phelps, Burden, Kan.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

FARM TO RENT. The S. W. 1/4 of Sec. 29, T. 31, south of range 4 East, in the township of Walnut, Cowley County. Will be rented on favorable terms to a good tenant. Possession given immediately. It is known as the Stump farm. Apply at the Winfield Bank.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

Persons grazing stock on my land, near Floral, are hereby notified to keep off or suffer the penalty of the law. E. Perigo.


Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.


The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the April term of the District Court, commencing on the 25th day of April, A. D. 1882.


1. State vs. Lewis Albright.

2. State vs. J. W. McRorry.

3. State vs. George Ousterhout.

4. State vs. H. L. Wells.

5. State vs. John Headrick.

6. State vs. John Fleming.

7. State vs. John Fleming.

8. State vs. David V. Cole.

9. State vs. Thomas H. Bassywater.

10. State vs. Charles G. Thompson.

11. State vs. W. A. Irwin.

12. State vs. Charles F. Foults.

13. State vs. Charles G. Holland.

14. State vs. Frank Manny.

15. State vs. Henry H. Causey.

16. State vs. James T. Shepard.


1. Mercy M. Funk vs. Cynthia Clark et al.

2. M. E. Bolton vs. Caroline Arnold.

3. M. L. Read vs. John J. Breene et al.

4. Oscar F. Weeks vs. A. T. & S. F. R. R. Co.

5. Hackney & McDonald vs. Bolton and Creswell Townships.

6. S. S. Brettun vs. Jacob G. Titus et al.

7. A. H. Green vs. E. F. Widner et al.

8. Daniel Sheel vs. G. E. Brad et al.

9. C. C. Stevens vs. City of Winfield.

10. Harrison Harrod vs. Moses Harrod et al.

11. Chicago Lumber Co. Vs. Bolton and Creswell townships.

12. Mary K. Hoyt vs. Charles G. Hoyt et al.

13. N. S. Burnham vs. M. O. Burnham.

14. John J. Clark vs. S. J. Rice et al.

15. S. E. Yoeman vs. C. Coleman.

16. Eliza Reihl vs. Joseph Likowski.

17. Elija Wells vs. Nancy J. Wells.

18. W. H. Treadway et al vs. W. C. McCormick.

19. Lillie S. Cooper vs. J. F. Cooper.

20. James C. Fuller vs. James Hardin, County Treasurer.

21. Mary A. Millington vs. James Hardin, County Treasurer.

22. Homer G. Fuller vs. James Hardin, County Treasurer.

23. Sarah E. Parker vs. James Hardin, County Treasurer.

25. Ben H. Clover vs. Robert F. Burden et al.

26. First National Bank vs. L. C. Harter et al.

27. James Jordon vs. B. H. Clover et al.

28. M. L. Read vs. Wm. S. Page et al.

29. E. B. S. Vanostran vs. Com'r's of Pawnee County.

30. Ellen Scanlaw vs. Com'r's of Pawnee County.

[Note: Third Day not listed.]


31. N. B. Freeland vs. Com'r's of Pawnee County.

32. A. W. Miller vs. Com'r's of Pawnee County.

33. J. F. Troxel vs. Com'r's of Pawnee County.

34. W. P. Carpenter vs. C. C. Pierce et al.

35. Hiram Veozy vs. Wm. Frederick et al.

36. Hibbard A. Tucker vs. A. H. Green.

37. Frederick A. Foster vs. Wm. W. Whiteside et al.

38. M. L. Robinson vs. George Easterly et al.

39. John S. Johnson vs. J. M. Boyles.

40. Assignment of Ellen F. Stump.

41 Julia R. Stevens vs. Wm. H. Dinwiddie.

42. S. D. Skinner vs. O. C. Skinner, 2nd.

43 Lycurgus Scott vs. Margaret Wear.

44. Geo. W. Chaplin vs. John Garrahee et al.

45. A. Furst & Co. vs. F. T. Sanford et al.

46. A. J. Pyburn vs. N. W. Fitzgerald.

47. Missouri A. Mann vs. Adam Mann.

48. J. A. Cooper & Co. vs. E. J. Cooper.


49. J. R. Cottingham vs. James Burns.

50. W. H. Riggs et al vs. H. M. Stransburry et al.

51. D. B. Meridith vs. J. E. Dickinson et al.

52. Assignment of Daniel Reed.

53. Jacob Binkley et al vs. R. Hanlan.

54. Jacob Blakley et al vs. J. Hanlan.

55. Jacob Binkley et al vs. S. Hanlan.

56. Jacob Binkley et al vs. W. Metzger

57. Houghton & Speers vs. Jas. Hardin (County Treasurer).

58. H. Jochems vs. R. Tegart.

59. A. W. Goodell vs. W. Gibson et al.

60. Charles Hutchins vs. F. T. Sanford et al.

61. Thompson, Wise & Co., vs. Wm. Whitney.

62. Ezra Bartlett vs. A. B. Steinberger.

63. B. A. Waldron vs. W. Warren et al.

64. Malvina Stocking vs. Horace Stocking.

65. W. C. Robinson vs. Andrew J. Cress.

66. John S. Parr vs. Wm. W. Ward et al.


67. R. P. Jennings vs. Martha J. Miller et al.

68. F. V. Ray vs. M. C. Ray.

69. W. J. H. Pallard vs. S. C. Cunnigham et al.

70. James Jordan vs. W. D. Clark et al.

71. E. R. Thompson vs. Jas. T. Shepard.

72. A. D. Wear vs. C. E. Victory et al.

73. Phoney Kirk vs. Andrew Kirk.

74. Joel Jackson vs. R. A. Robinson et al.

75. C. G. Oliver vs. Malinda Clay et al.

76. L. C. Harter vs. H. A. Pratt et al.

77. W. M. Haskett vs. J. S. Hawkins.

78. M. L read vs. Flora E. Covert et al.

79. M. L. Robinson vs. C. C. Pierce et al.

80. James Biggs vs. Sarah J. Biggs.

81. Mary A. Loomis vs. E. P. Greer et al.

82. Amanda J. Hanson vs. John C. Hanson.

83. Mathew Chambers vs. Peter Myers.

84. E. Downie & Co., vs. John A. Earnest.


85. Joseph E. Lowes vs. Anthony Hanna et al.

86. Travelers Insurance Co. vs. Chas. F. Snow et al.

[Note: Did not continue. There were Nine Days of Court, 137 issued. MAW]

No. 131. S. E. Schemerhorn vs. S. T. Endicott.

No. 135. R. C. Haywood vs. C. M. Scott.

Winfield Courier, April 20, 1882.

[I skipped the proceedings of Commissioners held April 15, 1882, which included witnesses, costs, etc., for the "State of Kansas versus W. C. Baird; Insanity of Thos. J. Sheddan [Shedden?], Chas. McClain, Geo. Rice, Sheel, Theo. Miller fee bill, Edmund Lewellen, Libby & Moody vs. James Harden.


Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

[Skipped letter from J. M. Alexander, which covered Florida exclusively.]


Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: Allow me space in your columns to make another statement concern- ing the herd law. No one has ever heard me complain very much that this county has a herd law. It has been a good thing, but the day has fully come that something should be done to change it for something better. I am not desirous of taking one iota of joy, comfort, or happiness from the early settlers of the county. To them belongs honor; they who have withstood the grasshopper, chinch bug, and drouth unflinchingly, are heroes. To that class of men Kansas owes her great name at home and abroad, and if these men have not earned enough of this world's goods to support them in their declining years, Kansas should feel able to care for them.

The repeal of the law, by giving ample time to prepare for it, would injure no one, even those sons of toil who would have us dig all we get out of the earth, would not be injured in the least. Their farms would be much more valuable and convenient if enclosed by good fences.

I am well aware that this measure will meet with opposition, but what of it? Anything that comes before the people has its opponents. So did prohibition; but nevertheless, it met with the wishes of the people. Any man should be willing to sacrifice self and selfish interests where it would benefit the mass of people, but right here friend Fowler squeals. His elevator would not be so profitable if this country would raise more stock and consume the grain. Friend Fowler, what class of farmers have made money in this country, those who have wholly raised grain or the ones that have raised stock to feed what they have raised? Any careful, observing man will see it is the latter class.

He says this law protects "the poor from the rich." It is a mistake, the poor man is already in the hands of the rich. If he has a colt or a calf, he must dispose of it before it matures on account of the inconvenience of taking care of it. "We boast of the millions of bushels of corn we raise," and this is the first reason that this staple would bear shipping to any extent. And these "hundreds of carloads of hogs" can be produced and not interfere, with more cattle to eat the grass which annually wastes.

Your readers are sufficiently intelligent to know that there are counties in the state that have never had a herd law and they have plenty of good schoolhouses and pay their teachers well, too, and have good society.

There are a little over 20,000 acres of taxable lands in Sheridan Township, and it will average with any of the townships in the eastern half of the county. A little over 7,000 in cul- tivation and over 12,800 not in cultivation; add to this 3,000 acres of government land, mak- ing a total of over 15,800 acres of grazing lands, with over 800 head of cattle, or nearly 200 acres to each one head of cattle or about 60 acres to each sheep in the township. Now friend Buckeye, solve the above and say it is economy, With respect yours, E. I. JOHNSON.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.



EDS. COURIER: The agency clerk and myself having deemed it expedient in the course of human events to visit Signal, Arizona, set out for that place February 6, 1882. Signal lies, from here, 75 miles northeast, in the southern portion of Mohave County. The camp was established in the autumn of 1874. The famous McCracken lode, the ore of which is worked at Signal, is said to have few equals in the territory. The immense cost of transportation caused temporary suspension of operations; but the company will be in readiness to begin work when the Atlantic & Pacific is through. The Alta and Senator are the leading mines. They are opened by a shaft 367 feet deep, sunk on the line between them, and by 5 additional levels run on the vein. The ores are chlorides, bromides, and sulphides of silver, with some Galena. $200,000 have been expended in improvements, 24,000 tons of ore have been worked, and $800,000 of silver have been extracted. A ten stamp mill was consumed by fire. A twenty stamp mill is now being put in order by W. E. Stronack, the foreman. The cost of the twenty stamp mill was $95,000. The engine is 120 horsepower. The San Francisco and Atlantic mines are north of the Senator and Alta on the same lode. They have produced $200,000 of silver. The San Francisco has a shaft of 300 feet, and 300 feet of drifts and tunnels. The Atlantic has a shaft of 150 feet and a tunnel of 200 feet. The ore is hauled about twelve miles to the mill, which is situated on the Big Sandy. On this stream are some of the finest ranches in the territory; the opportunities for irrigation being excellent. The town, 1,450 feet above sea level, has a dilapidated appearance, having been nearly deserted in a single day, two years ago, when work shut down. Two houses are left doing business with the Mexicans and prospectors. Those old timers are whole-souled and generous to a fault. We were entertained in right royal style.

Our road lay along an arroya, over a succession of plateaus through a dark and narrow chasm, and by the clear waters of Bill Williams Fork, which receives the waters of the Big Sandy. Bill Williams Fork enters the Colorado 25 miles north of this place.

We reposed one night in "Murderers' Camp." Here a huge rock, projecting thirty feet, forms excellent shelter. Our dreams were peaceful and our slumbers undisturbed, notwith- standing the fact that many men had been riddled with bullets on that same spot.

The country is broken and, except along the streams, barren. We noticed seven species of cactus. Along the streams the cotton woods were putting forth leaves, which gave the narrow valleys a very cheerful appearance. During the day, overcoats were an encumbrance; at night fall fire and blankets were needed; but it was hard to realize that we were traveling and camping with so much comfort in February. We will probably get our just deserts in July and August, Respectfully, C. G. SMITH.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.


"Gleaner" says: "As long as men do not have to fence, they are careless and will not fence; but if they know the herd law will be abolished, at the end of three years there will be but very few open farms."

If "Gleaner" can grow a hedge fence in three years that will turn stock, he should turn his attention exclusively to that business.

Then he says: "Men visiting counties east of here notice the difference in stock that run where they please and those kept in close herds."

Several stock men have left this country and gone where there is no herd law, simply because we have a law that forbids their stock eating up the farmer's crops.

Then he says: "While visiting in Missouri this spring, I talked with parties who liked Cowley but would not settle in it on account of the herd law."

I haven't any doubt but what stock men would flock here from all of God's creation, and a "right smart sprinkle" from Missouri if it was not for the herd law.

We now have peace and harmony among neighbors. Let us be wise and let well enough alone; and with prohibition and the herd law, St. John for governor, and W. P. Hackney in Congress, seasoned with the wise counsel of the COURIER, the people of Cowley County will continue prosperous and happy. A. HERDER.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: Wheat is looking splendidly.

Mrs. J. M. Barrick has gone on a visit to the north part of the state.

The M. E. Church at Little Dutch will commence the erection of a large and beautiful church if they build according to plans of specification.

Mr. William White celebrated his 36th birthday on Easter Sunday by giving one of the best dinners that time and money could get up. We would have given one hundred dollars if our legs had been insured, for we felt sure the table would break down; but as good luck would have it, she stood the pressure but kept up an awful groaning. We will bet five dollars that Herr Rogers can eat more than any other democrat in Cowley County. We will name a few of the presents that were presented to Mr. White: A fine work box, W. B. Weimer; chair tidy, Mr. Swan; preserve dish, Mr. Douglass; fine chromo "Basket of Fruit," Mrs. Weimer; fine dish, Mr. Rogers. As we can't name all the donors and presents now, we will name them next week.

Mr. Jack Frost visited this part a few nights ago and dined on corn and potatoes that were up.

James O. Vanorsdal says he will get done planting corn about May 10th, just in time for chintz bugs.

R. B. Corson has been down with rheumatism, but is slowly creeping around again.

We had a splendid rain April 18th. MOLASSES.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.


Thomas Ryan's Official Record.

[From the Washington correspondent of the Topeka Commonwealth.]

John Logan mastered the whole science of finance in two weeks, but I must admit that, though I have been in Washington precisely two weeks today, I do not feel myself competent to instruct a yearning public in all the mysteries of that great and complicated machine which we call the government. You will be astonished at my modesty, no doubt, for you and I have known "able" correspondents to grind out vast grists of wisdom within twenty-four hours of their arrival at the capital.

The enthusiastic neophyte first turns his attention to the delegation, and his anxiety for an office may generally be measured by the generous ardor with which he distributes his "taffy." If the scene is fresh and the zeal of the pursuer unchilled by disappointments, there is scarcely a limit to the extent or variety of his unctuous compliments and admiring constituencies are happily enabled to acquire valuable information, not only respecting the merits of their representatives in either branch of Congress, but also touching the dresses, the varied accomplishments, and unrivaled popularity of their respective wives.

My business having no reference to an office of any kind, what I say will not be inspired by "a lively sense of favors to come." Nor will I ask space in your crowded columns to go over the record of all of the men who serve us so faithfully at Washington. It will serve my present purpose if you will permit me to express the gratification which I share with all responsible Kansans, at the sure prospect of the unopposed return of our capable Representa- tives, and to be a little more specific as to the record and services of the man who, for six years, has so successfully represented the Third District.

When Tom Ryan was first nominated, it was most wholly upon the score of his personal popularity, as he had but little political experience, and but slight opportunity to exhibit the peculiar qualities essential to success in Congress. It is not likely that even the warmest of his friends foresaw that he would develop into the persistent and tireless worker that he has since become. That he has always met reasonable demand upon him with resolution and a determination to succeed, the records amply attest. That these demands, coming from an immense district, rapidly growing in population and wealth, have been and are extensive and imperative, no observant man can doubt, yet all have been, and are confronted earnestly and methodically, and the claims of the humblest receive the same attention as those of the most influential.

If it were practicable to make a complete showing within the limits of a newspaper letter, I am confident it could be shown that Ryan has secured the passage of more measures of interest to his people during his service here than has any other member from any State. Let us remind our readers of a few of the more important of these measures.

The Cherokee Strip lands were brought into market through his influence, and are now nearly all occupied by settlers. The settlers on the Kansas trust and diminished reserve lands owe much of their success in obtaining their titles upon just and reasonable terms to Mr. Ryan's determined and tireless advocacy. The Osage bill, which passed the House at a time when few dared to hope for its success, and which subsequently became a law, saved the homes of thousands of people from forfeiture, added thousands of acres to the taxable property of the State. His bill for the relief of colored immigrants became a law in spite of much prejudiced opposition; as also did his bill to create a land district in the southwest, the office now soon to be established. Mr. Ryan rendered an invaluable service to the people of the Western half of his district when he secured the passage of a bill to permit settlers whose crops had been destroyed by drouth to leave their claims for a year without losing any of their rights. By this timely and generous act, several thousand poor settlers were saved from a compulsory forfeiture of their claims. Mr. Ryan's bill directing the Secretary of the Interior to certify to the State some fifty thousand acres of indemnity school lands, became a law, and the title of the State has been perfected. His bill to provide for the sale, at graduated scale of prices, of the residue of the Osage lands lying east of the sixth principal meridian, is also a law.

Mr. Ryan carried through the House in the last Congress a bill to give the right of way to one or more railroads through the Indian Territory, but it failed in the senate. This measure was of peculiar importance to the third District, as it could have enabled the Santa Fe road to continue its line from Arkansas City to Fort Smith. The subject has excited so much attention that it is not likely that the boundary of the Territory will long be permitted to serve as a Chinese wall against the carrying on of necessary enterprises. It was only recently that Mr. Ryan carried through the House, when it was at the mercy of a single objection, the bill providing for terms of the United States Court at Wichita, and attaching a portion of the Indian Territory to the State for judicial purposes. I doubt if there are half a dozen men in the House who could have put through so important a bill without objection. The result was a substantial triumph to Mr. Ryan's personal popularity and to the confidence which the House reposes in his good faith.

In addition to these measures of a public character, and others that might be mentioned, Mr. Ryan has labored earnestly and effectively to advance the more immediate personal interest of his constituents. His vast district largely settled in recent years, contain a large proportion of ex-soldiers from all the loyal states. The just claims of all these people have always had a warm friend and advocate in Mr. Ryan and the collection of pensions and bounty money in hundreds of cases has been facilitated by his exertions.

Your readers are not unmindful of the fact that Mr. Ryan has persistently sought to have the contracts for Indian supplies awarded at some parts in the West, rather than in New York, so far from the base of supply and distribution. It will be gratifying to them to know that his views have been adopted by the Indian Bureau, and that Kansas City will probably be selected as the place for receiving bids.

In a territory developing so rapidly as has that of the Third District, of course the demand for increased mail facilities has been urgent and incessant. That he has met his demand with characteristic vigor, is shown by the fact that during his three terms he has secured additional mail service to a greater extent than any other member of Congress, and by the further fact that his District is now admirably served by the Postal Department.

If we of the District have been so signally benefited by the labors of our Representative, you and the people of your own city have additional cause for joining in the acclaim "well done good and faithful servant."

Take your Government building, for example. With a single exception, it was the only one provided for by the Congress that made the first appropriation for your building. The Committee on appropriations and the house had, by resolution, declared against authorizing any new buildings by the Congress. The passage of the Topeka measure was only secured by the most extraordinary vigor and tact, and as a result of the exercise of those genial personal gifts which have made Mr. Ryan so popular with his fellow members of all shades or politics. It should be added that he was the only Republican who secured a building from that Congress, though over forty were pressed by Democrats and Republicans. The building will not cost far from $300,000, and will be an ornament to your city, as well as decidedly the best government building between St. Louis and San Francis. For years Topeka had struggled in vain to get this building, defraying the expenses of agents here to promote it, but it is not likely that the enterprise would have taken shape to this day, but for the effort of your own Representative.

Your free delivery system is also due exclusively to Mr. Ryan's labors. True, Topeka was entitled to the carrier service under the law, but could not receive it until an appropriation was made to cover the expenses. An appropriation for the purpose was carried through the House in opposition to the Appropriation Committee, and in spite of the active fight of Mr. Cannon, of Illinois, the chief authority in the House on postal matters, Mr. Ryan's personal effort, more than any other cause, brought about this result as Mr. Cannon afterwards declared with some feeling. This is a benefit which comes so directly home to all your people that they cannot be wanting in appreciation of the man who secured it for them. . . .


Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

[Skipped long article giving annual report of President and Board of Directors, Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Company, to their stockholders. MAW]

Item from article: Cowley, Sumner & Fort Smith: 91.93 miles.


Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.


MR. EDITORS: Please allow us space to expose the Hudson Bros., who on Saturday evening entered the Baptist Church without the consent of the trustees, while the door was open for the convenience of the workmen, and then and there proceeded to hang upon the wall of said meeting house, a very beautiful clock, so that the mind of the church and congregation was much exercised as to where it came from, who brought it, etc. A detective traced it to the above parties and in view of this not being their first offense, was determined to expose them and warn future church builders to keep their doors locked.

We have determined to watch them, and let no opportunity pass to help them to get rid of all their clocks and watches. We, the church congregation and Sabbath School, say it is a beauty, just what we wanted and so over looking the manner in which it was done, we return our hearty thanks and invite them and all others to come to our Sabbath home and take notes of passing time, and use it to prepare for a glorious immortality beyond the grave.

April 24th, 1882. ERATER.


Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

It is proposed to establish a Federal court at Muscogee, Indian Territory, with criminal jurisdiction.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe road will next week be completed to Lampasa, 276 miles from Galveston.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Neither Dakota nor New Mexico will be admitted as states at this session of congress. Both will have a fair chance next session.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The Japanese have concluded to remodel their army on the German military system as soon as competent instructors can be educated.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The Chinese bill, now pending in congress, has stricken out those sections forbidding the naturalization of and immigration of skilled laborers.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The report of the massacre of eleven persons on the Gila, by Apaches, is confirmed. The Indians are said to be two hundred and twenty-five strong and are making rapid progress toward Sonora. Many other outrages are reported, but they are not authenticated.


Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Of the million people in Kansas, 348,000 are of school age; 210,000 are enrolled, and 130,000 attend school.


Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Charlie France was up from Arkansas City Saturday.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Capt. J. B. Nipp came up to the metropolis Saturday.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Tom Bryan is out with a wide-brimmed straw hat.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Will Dawson has been over to Independence for several days.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The District Medical Association meets at Augusta May 2nd.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Professor Story is visiting schools in Bolton Township this week.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Do not forget the supper at the M. E. Church this (Thursday) evening.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Will Smith of the boot and shoe house, is off on a "tower" through Nebraska.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The Commissioners at their meeting Saturday decided not to erect a windmill.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Col. McMullen is putting some improvements on the porches of his residence.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Editors Henthorn of Burden, and McIntire of Arkansas City, were in the city Monday.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Herve Cole is back from his southern trip. He took in Florida and Cuba during his absence.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The Winfield Bank has put in a telephone and can now have connection with the outer world.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Charlie Stephens returned from the West last week, and will remain at home for the present.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Mrs. J. E. Conklin is visiting in Labette County this week and Joe is consequently a "widdy."

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The Hudson building is about enclosed. It is being pushed forward with the greatest activity.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Deputy Sheriff McIntire came up Monday and is assisting Sheriff Shenneman in the courtroom.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

E. E. Thorpe and Mr. Campbell are in the East purchasing the machinery for the Kansas Tannery.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

We notice the familiar face of Charley Beck on our streets after a visit of six months in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Miss May Hodges had one of her hands severely cut by running it through a pane of broken glass Saturday.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Mr. Tansey surrendered the records of his office to Justice Soward Monday and renounces all claims to the office.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Rev. McEwen, the Baptist minister of Wellington, made us a pleasant call Tuesday in company with Rev. Cairns.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Mr. M. L. Read is having a windmill put up on his barn to raise water for irrigating purposes, and to run a fountain.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Mr. M. J. Darling, who has been visiting her sister, Mrs. Van Doren, returned to her home at Decatur, Illinois, Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Assessor Short suspended his labors Tuesday. There was so much real estate in the air that he couldn't assess it properly.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

An elegant new table filled with nicely painted business cards has been put up in the Brettun office. It is a very fine piece of furniture.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Dr. Emerson drew three buckets full of water from Jacob Kirch, who has been suffering with the dropsy, last week. Jacob feels relieved.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Mrs. E. H. Bliss left Friday for Leavenworth, where she will meet her husband and accompany him on his travels till he gets around home again.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

If that strawberry festival at the Baptist Church is not all O. K., it won't be the ladies' fault. They never do things by halves. Come and see for yourselves.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

J. P. Baden has moved into the residence recently purchased of Dr. Davis and is building an addition, new fences, and otherwise beautifying the premises.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Mr. Davis has removed his family to the farm east of town and has had a telephone put up between the City and the house. Persons can call him from any telephone.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

After this summer, at the rate improvements are being made now, Winfield will have more elegant, tasty, and home-like residences than any city of its size in the country.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

O. O. Potter, James Deming, and J. J. Piffer, of Meadville, Pennsylvania, are among those who have been here looking over the country with a view of locating during the past week. We hope they will conclude to settle here.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

This has been a remarkable week in the matter of accidents: two runaways, a man killed, another shot, a woman gored by a mad cow, and a boy inhaled steam. This seems to be a "bad time of the moon."

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Mr. Jones, please excuse me from going to the country with you next Tuesday evening. I am engaged to go to the Baptist strawberry festival. Wagon loads are coming from the country. Everybody will be there.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

D. F. Best received the largest invoice of sewing machines ever brought to the county, last Monday. It was a carload of the "New Silent No. 8" machines. Twenty thousand pounds of sewing machines are a good many.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

H. B. Snider, representing the popular paper house of Snider & Holmes, St. Louis, was in the city Saturday. Harry is one of the best boys we know of. The COURIER has bought its supplies of Snider & Holmes for ten years.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Some talk is being indulged in of securing telephone connections between Winfield and Geuda Springs. It would be an excellent thing for the Springs, as it would give the people direct telegraphic connections. Let us have the telephone.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

A team loaded with ladies and children was frightened by the train on the crossing south of the south bridge last Friday and ran away, scattering the folks around over the prairie. We could not learn the names of the parties, and conclude there was no one hurt.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The itinerant sore corn man, who is under bonds on a charge of stealing $45 from Al Hughes, appeared promptly at court Tuesday morning, clothed in a new plug hat and a silk necktie. His evident intention is to create a favorable impression on the court.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

As a couple of boys were passing our office Tuesday, one of them dropped a beer bottle, which was concealed under his coat, on the pavement. It is needless to remark that the beer was wasted. If the boys must drop beer in front of our door, we wish they would do it carefully.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Mrs. Hill, living just across the river west of Bliss' Mill, was gored by a mad cow last week and her arm fractured. The cow also took after Dr. Davis and came near catching him. She was finally killed, and since three other cows and two hogs have shown decided symp- toms of hydrophobia. Look out for mad dogs.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Mr. John McLain, a single man about thirty years of age, dropped unconscious in John Earnest's grocery store Saturday evening. Dr. Wells was called in and after an hour's work succeeded in bringing him back to consciousness. The attack was palpitation of the heart. Mr. McLain works for a Vernon Township stock man.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Judge Bard's little son, Charlie, was severely injured Saturday afternoon by inhaling steam. He had a tin tube and was experimenting with the steam from the nozzle of a tea pot, when he inhaled a mouthful of the steam, scalding his throat terribly. He was in a very criti- cal condition Sunday, but is getting along nicely now under Dr. Emerson's care.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Mr. W. J. Kennedy, the Santa Fe agent here, is the oldest employee, in point of service, now on the road. He began with the company in 1871 at Cottonwood Falls and followed the road westward, being the first agent to open and operate the depot at Wichita. He slept in the depot there one night before it was enclosed, with $10,000 of the Company's money in his pocket, and that when the town was overrun with desperadoes. During this eleven years of service he has ever been faithful to the interests of the company, and justly merits the confi- dence reposed in him by the management.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

W. L. Mullen has had on exhibition a heifer in this city, which for size eclipses all that we have ever heard or read of. She is a creamy white of perfect form and weighs three thousand pounds, and no one will ever regret going to see her. She measures seventeen feet from nose to tip of tail, ten feet in the girth, and stands seventeen hands high. She is simply a magnificent beauty. She was raised in Cowley County and is four years old. When lying down the tips of her horns are as high as a man's head. She will be taken to Chicago and other eastern cities and will be a good advertisement for Kansas. Wichita Eagle.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

An additional venire of eighteen jurymen was ordered by Judge Torrance Tuesday morning. The following gentlemen were drawn: H. M. Branson, Windsor; Alfred Hightower, Dexter; W. W. McDonough, Otter; Wm. Rouzee, Beaver; G. M. Moore, Walnut; J. R. Scott, Tisdale; Wm. Shrieves, Spring Creek; A. H. Miller, Liberty; Thos R. Carson, Richland; Geo. Homer, Otter; Thos. Baird, Bolton; Frank Weakley, Walnut; C. W. Frith, Liberty; J. H. Titus, Bolton; J. S. Mohler, Windsor; J. R. Tobin, Spring Creek; Pearson Coe, Richland; Thos. Cooley, Maple.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The notice of the supper to be given by Mr. S. S. Holoway's Sunday School Class of girls, in the lecture room of the M. E. Church this (Thursday) evening, was unintentionally overlooked last week until just as we went to press, when it was too late to give it as ex- tended a notice as was intended. The class display energy and enterprise and we hope our citizens will give them a liberal patronage. Supper will be served from 7 to 9 o'clock, and we understand the proceeds are to be used in furnishing their class room with pictures, carpet, etc.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Mr. John Thompson, a young man from Vernon Township, had a run-a-way Saturday. He was driving a team of colts and one of them got his head under the cheek and began to run in a circle. Thompson jumped out, grabbed the bits, and was trying to stop them when the off colt gave him a heavy kick on the leg. This was more than he bargained for and he let the colts go. The buggy was picked up in a demoralized condition.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Mr. Whitney's class, of the Episcopal Sunday School will take a picnic excursion next Saturday. They will meet at the Courthouse at nine o'clock in the morning, and proceed to Riverside Park, accompanied by their lunch baskets. We received a cordial invitation from one of the little misses to accompany them, but regret that we cannot go. We trust they will have a glorious old time and not fall in the river.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

This is Court week and our lion-like attorneys are in clover. The following gentlemen are present: A. J. Pyburn of La Mars, Missouri; C. R. Mitchell, of Geuda Springs; Senator Hackney, Judge McDonald, Judge Tipton, Jas. O'Hare, Henry E. Asp, S. D. Pryor, J. F. McMullen, D. C. Beach, O. M. Seward, J. E. Allen, A. P. Johnson, James McDermott, P. H. Albright, T. H. Soward, Geo. H. Buckman, M. G. Troup, and County Attorney Jennings.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Dr. Vawter, of Arkansas City, seems to have been about the most reckless physician in issuing liquor prescriptions in the county. In several cases he prescribed for individuals from one to four gallons. It has been suggested that he be prosecuted for "issuing prescriptions with intent to kill," as four gallons of Arkansas City whiskey would kill the stoutest patient in the county.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The officials of the A. T. & S. F. Railroad have notified the management of the K. C. L. & S. K. that they will take control of that road on the first of May, and instruct them to notify their employees along the line that after that date their services will no longer be required. Most of the old employees will probably be retained by the Santa Fe.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

DIED. Mrs. D. A. Millington started for Las Vegas, New Mexico, last Friday on receipt of a telegram announcing the dangerous illness of her little granddaughter, Jessie, child of Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Saint. She arrived at Las Vegas Sunday. Little Jessie died on Monday morning. She was a bright, lovely, and loving child and leaves an aching void in many hearts.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Assessors' books are coming in rapidly. Nine townships have reported. Beaver shows a gain of 50 over last year in population; Dexter 161; Ninnescah 76, P. Valley 43; Sheridan 18; Vernon 151; Walnut 228. On the other side Rock shows a decrease of 31, Liberty 62, Fairview 35. Total increase over decrease in townships reported, 608. Hurrah for Cowley!

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Business in the Probate Court is rather slim this week.

MARRIAGE LICENSES. Marriage licenses have been issued to:

Theodore Dillon and Aurilla M. Rorick.

W. A. Freeman and Mrs. Mary A. Anderson.

The will of Judge Evans, of Sumner County, was admitted to Probate.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The Republicans of Tisdale Township are requested to meet at Tisdale, on May 11th, at 2 o'clock p.m., to elect three delegates to attend the Republican County Convention at Winfield, on May 13th. R. McKibben, Chairman, Republican Township Committee.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The Republicans of Walnut Township will meet in caucus at Manny's stone building Saturday, May 6th, at 2:00 p.m., for the purpose of electing delegates to the County convention. S. CURE, CHAIRMAN. By order of Com.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The Rt. Rev. T. H. Vail, D. D., L. L. D., Bishop of the Diocese of Kansas, is expected to visit the parish of Grace Church, on Tuesday evening, May the 9th, for the purpose of administering the Apostolic Rite of Conformation. C. H. C.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The prosecutions against the physicians came up Tuesday. J. F. McMullen argued a motion to quash, which was sustained by the court and leave given the State to amend. The cases come up Thursday morning again.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

At the meeting to consider the propriety of calling a fair, a strong organization was effected. It was decided to hold a fair Sept. 21st to 24th. We will give a full list of officers and directors next week.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Judge Buck came in from Emporia Wednesday. He is interested in the famous Ballou case, which has been to the supreme court three times. The court on this last hitch holds in his favor.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Dr. Davis has twenty acres of blue grass, sown four years ago, and which affords excellent pasture for his stock. He says blue grass in Cowley is a success.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Mr. T. K. Johnston came in from Durango Tuesday, looking stout and hearty. He will spend several weeks with his family and friends.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

An excellent eight-room house for rent. Good stable, well cistern, fine large yard, etc. Inquire at the Winfield Bank.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Cal Swarts appeared at the court room Wednesday morning, and is now regularly en- rolled as a member of the flock.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

We are told that warrants are being issued for the arrest of six or eight retail grocery drummers for frauds on farmers.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Miss Lina Sams, of Sedan, who has been visiting with Mrs. Hackney, returned to her home Wednesday.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Al. Millspaugh, one of the youngest members of the bar, appeared at court Wednesday morning.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Hon. Timothy McIntire came up from the City Wednesday to see how court was going on.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Entire new stock of Dry Goods and notions at our store at Tisdale, Kansas. McGuire Bros.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

About one of the most necessary things at present for the city is a street sprinkler.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

We are still selling our famous Bell Tobacco at 50 cents per pound. McGuire Bros.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

MARRIED. W. A. Freeman and Mrs. Mary Anderson were married last week.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Hon. John A. Woods, of Wellington, was in the city Monday.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Bob O'Neil came in from the north Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.


One of Cowley's Old Citizens Shot Through the Heart.

John Wesley Snyder, of Pleasant Valley Township, the Victim.

Our streets were the scene of one of the saddest accidents on Saturday, that has ever happened in the county. A street peddler by the name of Wood, from Topeka, had opened out his wares on the corner of Main Street and Ninth Avenue, and was selling them from the wagon. There was quite a crowd of people in town, and as usual those who had finished their business gathered around to see what the peddler had to say. Before commencing to sell he pulled off his coat and laid it on the front end of the wagon. Afterward, finding it in the way, he picked it up, carried it to the back end of the wagon and laid it over a trunk. As he threw it over the trunk a five-barreled revolver fell from the inside breast pocket, dropped over the side of the wagon, the hammer struck the hub of the hind wheel, and the weapon was discharged. The wagon at the time was surrounded by a dense crowd. After the report the peddler asked if anyone was hurt, and receiving no answer, proceeded with his selling. When the pistol dropped, John Wesley Snyder was standing just back of the hub and about two feet from the hind wheel of the wagon. Those standing nearest to him noticed that immediately after the report he brought his hand up to his breast, but made no remark. In a moment he turned, walked around the back end of the wagon to the south side, and sank down on the ground, the blood gushing from his mouth in torrents. Drs. Emerson and Mendenhall were on the ground in a few moments and pronounced the sufferer beyond the reach of human aid. In a few minutes they pronounced him dead. Just as he breathed his last, his wife was led through the crowd with a little baby clinging to her skirts. Her anguish as the terrible reality flashed upon her mind cannot be described. Added to the terrors of the scene were the frightened cries of the little child, just old enough to lisp its father's name. Strong men were unable to control their emotions and turned away. After a time the wife was quieted sufficiently to be led away, the body was picked up and carried to the Coroner's office where an inquest was held. Upon examination it was found that the ball had entered the body about four inches below the left nipple, ranging upward, cutting several of the larger blood vessels near the heart. The peddler was placed under arrest, but upon the rendering of a verdict by the Coroner's jury that "deceased had come to his death by an accidental shot from a pistol belonging to W. H. Wood," he was released.

Mr. Snyder was a resident of Pleasant Valley Township, and lived on the old Brane farm, near Odessa Schoolhouse on Posey Creek. He formerly lived in Fairview Township, northeast of Winfield, and has been a resident of the county for about eight years. He was forty-six years old and the father of eleven children, five of whom are dead, a member of the Christian Church, and one of Cowley's most respected citizens. His taking off is a calamity that is deeply felt by neighbors and friends.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Stop the Row!

The old Cronk-Constant feud in Pleasant Valley Township has broken out again. This has been altogether a most disgraceful neighborhood row, and it is about time for the State to step in and demand that her peace and dignity be respected. The affair began by one of Cronk's hogs getting on Constant's land. Constant shot the hog and was arrested by Cronk. Then Mrs. Constant slapped Cronk's boy and there was another arrest and lawsuit. Then Fogg and Cronk's boy, to use a vulgar term, "laid for" Constant's boys and fought a fight with them, which was the cause of another arrest and lawsuit, and resulted in placing young Cronk and Fogg in the County jail, from whence they secured release at a heavy expense to Cronk. Then Fogg left, and it was hoped a permanent truce had been declared. But on Tuesday Cronk files complaint against Constant for breaking fence, or something of that sort, and the war will range once more as fierce as ever. We would advise these people not only for their own good, but for the welfare and good name of the community to let up on this business. It will ruin them all in the end and benefit no one but the devil. A man had better keep seven dogs than have a row with a neighbor.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Another Accident.

A very serious accident occurred to a thirteen-year-old son of Mr. Levi Wells last Thursday evening. Some one had told the boy that it would make powder much better to wet it and then dry in a pan on the stove. He concluded to try the plan, and putting a half-pound of damp powder in a pan, set it on the stove and began stirring with a stick. In about a minute the powder went off, flashing in his face and eyes, burning them in a horrible manner. The skin has all peeled off his face and he is likely to lose his sight. At last accounts he was suffering great pain.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Strawberry Festival.

They are coming. When? Next Tuesday evening, May 2nd. Where? At the new Baptist meeting house. Who? The strawberries and cream. Why? To raise means to furnish the meeting house. By whom? The Ladies' Aid Society. To which the citizens generally are most cordially invited. Don't fail to come, this is the event of the season. Come early, stay late, and have a good time.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Senator Hackney's letter to Fritz Snitzler is being quoted in Cincinnati by the supporters of a Sunday law, as against those who insist that "the Germans" should be allowed to run Sunday in this country as they were accustomed to doing in the old country. The Senator's declaration on the "foreign vote" question seems to be exciting wide comment, and puts the matter in a new and forcible light before the people.


Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

THE MARKETS this week are not greatly changed from last. Wheat sells at $1.18, corn at 75 to 80 cents, hogs $6.25 for best. In the produce market butter falls 5 cents and is now quoted at 20 cents per pound. Eggs 10 cents; chickens, spring, $3.00 per dozen; hens $3.00. A little "garden truck" is coming in and is in great demand.


Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The Board of Directors of the Cowley Co. Agricultural, Horticultural and Mechanical Society are notified to meet at the Courthouse on Saturday, May 6th, 1882, at 2 o'clock p.m., for the purpose of organizing and transacting such other business as may properly come before them. T. A. BLANCHARD, Secretary.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

DIED. David Walk, a nephew of `Squire Adam Walk of Maple Township, died Tuesday morning of consumption. He was 35 years old and leaves a wife and child. He had been ailing for a year past and was taken to his bed nine weeks ago.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The town clock, which is to go in the McDougall tower, has been received and will be put up in a few days by George Schroeter. It is a very nice one. Those who wish to see the machinery of it should call at George's.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Fred Nommsen was arrested Tuesday on complaint of John Wilson, for assisting pious gentlemen to make their Sunday toilets: in other words for shaving on Sunday. There will now be war among the barbers.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

J. W. C. Springstun, of Leavenworth, Indiana, has been spending a week with us. After viewing the country he returned home Wednesday and will sell his property and return as soon as possible.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.


He Charges a Pole Cat and Gets Skunked in the Race.

Laid Up for a Month.

This has been a most prolific week for accidents. Frank Manny is the latest victim. For some time skunks have been catching his chickens and Monday he borrowed a pistol from a neighbor from which to attack them. About four o'clock Tuesday morning a chicken squawked and this being the pre-arranged signal for an assault, Frank jumped up, grabbed his pistol, and rushed out to the hen house. The skunk smelled the battle from afar and beat a hasty retreat with Frank in hot pursuit. He held the pistol in his hand and was pulling the hammer back when he stumbled over a pile of rocks and fell with the pistol under him. As he went down it was discharged, the shot taking effect in his side, ranging upward and striking a short rib, which changed its course and it came out about four inches back of where it entered, making a painful but not serious wound. It was a narrow escape for Frank. As it is, he will be laid up for a month or more.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.


Frauds are on the Wing in Cowley.

The farmers of Kansas have been victimized so often by traveling frauds soliciting orders fro some article of household use, that it seems strange to us that these fellows can still find victims enough to pay them for keeping at work. Still they seem to live and flourish in spite of newspapers and the light thrown upon their misdeeds in other communities. Just at Present Cowley is afflicted with a gang of these traveling salesmen. They arrived here Saturday night, and bright and early Monday morning five of them hired five livery rigs and started out in different directions, seemingly confident and happy in the realization that they had never yet found a place which did not furnish victims enough to afford them good picking. It remains to be seen whether Cowley will meet their expectations on this score or not. From a general knowledge of our people, we are led to believe that their game will not prove a towering success: at least not as much so as it did in Douglass and other counties.

[Clipping shown from Courant re slick salesmen, giving sugar story as example. MAW]

Our advice to the farmers is this: Do not sign a note, order, or anything else, furnished and presented by a stranger. If they are not disposed to trust you, you certainly should not be expected to trust them, and the greater the inducements offered to sign a paper, the more evident it is that fraud is intended. Besides, it is always better to buy of home merchants who have their property here, pay taxes, and are in every way responsible, than to trust slick- tongued strangers who are on hand purposely to beat you, and never expect to allow you to get sight of them afterward.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Tribute of Respect.

DIED. At a meeting of the ladies of the New Salem vicinity and Sabbath school on Sunday, April 23rd, 1882, the following preamble and resolutions on the death of Mrs. Hannah Nichols were unanimously adopted.

WHEREAS, God has seen fit in his all-wise providence to remove from our midst by death, our beloved sister, Mrs. Nichols, we, her sisters, mourn her loss, not only in our social circle but mostly in our Sabbath school, where she has been one of our most earnest and zealous co-laborers; and by her death her husband has lost a loving wife; the family an indulgent and affectionate mother; the community a good neighbor and an earnest and zealous Christian woman.

RESOLVED, That we, her sisters, benefit ourselves by the example she set us while here on earth by her Godly walk and conversation.

RESOLVED, That we, her sisters, give a mother's care and counsel, as best we can, to her daughters, Misses Ella and Clara, and that we tender our deepest sympathy to the afflicted father and daughters, etc. MRS. W. C. DOUGLASS, President.


Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

The Ivanhoe Club met Tuesday evening at M. L. Robinson's residence. After the program M. L. threw open his elegant parlors and for two hours the young folks had a jolly round of dancing and promenades. Mr. and Mrs. Robinson are perfect entertainers and always make their guests feel at home. The place for the next meeting has not been decided upon.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Geuda Springs is in the midst of a boom of no small proportions. The town is overrun with visitors and no room is to be found to store them away in. A new hotel will be finished next week, and many boarding houses and other places of accommodation are in process of erection.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Mr. W. L. Mullen is still exhibiting his big heifer at Wichita. He received an offer of $2,500 for her delivered to Kansas City within two weeks.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Rol. Conklin came down from Kansas City Saturday and is putting in a few days very profitably among friends here.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

M. L. Robinson received quite a compliment from the Santa Fe management by his election as a director of the Cowley, Sumner & Fort Smith road at the recent annual meeting in Topeka.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Mr. J. G. Craft, who once ran a meat market here with George Miller, came down from Kansas City last week on a visit to old friends.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

BIRTH. Mr. and Mrs. C. G. Brane, of Pleasant Valley rejoice in the possession of a bran new boy, born the 22nd inst.


Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Colorado Letter.


EDS. COURIER: Perhaps a few items from this camp will not prove fatal to your many readers. Work has not fairly started yet, as the season has not fully opened, but in two or three weeks more the busy miners will be seen on their mines in full force. Some rich "strikes" have been made in this vicinity, and this will be one of the leading camps.

A miner's outfit consists of drills, hammers, picks, and some whiskey, sack of flour, box of matches, bacon, whiskey, and numerous other articles of more or less importance. Whiskey in this lofty location is spoken of as being a speedy cure in cases of difficult breathing. It is also said to be a great reliever of all "earthly sorrows" if taken regularly.

We have met several of Winfield's citizens in our travels. Among them were Date and Theo Tansey, Clay Parr, Tom Nauman, and Jesse Stuller.

One of the many amusing sights here is to see the "tenderfeet" strike drills. One can truthfully say that they could not strike a drill-head with a frying pan. When "tenderfeet" are plenty, salve and poultice are in good demand. As gold and silver are not generally dug from the gold in pieces larger than a hen's egg, I would advise all fortune seekers to come prepared and patient, so as not to meet the usual disappointment of many.

I remain yours, immensely, D. W. HOLCOMB.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Valley View Gleaning.

How beautiful everything looks at this season of the year. The trees have taken off their sombre garbs of brown and donned their bright spring suits. The blossoms of the prairie are rivaling each other in beauty and fragrance, and in fact everything is appearing at its best. It is quite a luxury to have this change after the cold, dreary days of winter. The ladies are quite busy with their house-cleaning. The farmers are working hard to raise a crop, while the ground squirrels, grub-worms, and moles are trying in a sly way to destroy it.

Valley View seems rather dull at present, on account, perhaps, of everyone being almost overtaxed with their work. We, ourselves, are not so neighborly at present and do not have the opportunity to "call around," being obliged to "stick to business."

Prof. R. C. Story visited our school on last Thursday and remained until evening, giving a little talk to the people on the benefit of having a central high school. It meets our approbation and we believe the majority, if not all, are in favor of it. Our school under the tutorage of Miss Ella Freeland is getting along nicely. Many of the larger pupils have left, it being the busy season of the year.

Some of the young misses of our neighborhood are receiving instructions in music from Prof. Farringer, of Winfield.

Surprise parties have been in vogue for several weeks past, but the young folks are very quiet of late and we believe they have settled down to genuine hard work.

Improvements seem to be going on all around us. The people are improving their houses, their yards, or their farms by planting out trees, shrubs, and fruits of all kinds.

Mr. Thompson has been painting his house.

Mr. Stewart, the gentleman that purchased the Mullen property, has put up an addition, making it look very cozy and nice.

Mrs. Rhoda Nelson nee Cole, is on a visit here and perhaps will make it her future home.

A birthday party was given by Miss Maud Miller on last Saturday, to which many of her little friends were invited. We understand they had a pleasant time, and she received some nice little tokens of their regard for her.

Rev. Mr. Snyder preaches for us every other Sabbath evening. The house is generally filled and everyone seems to appreciate his discourses.

Sabbath school at 2 o'clock every Sabbath afternoon at Valley View schoolhouse. The school continues the year around with a full and regular attendance. We welcome anybody and everybody, as it is union and not denominational, at least it is understood so.


Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Torrance Items.

It is so seldom we see anything in your columns from our little city, we fear your many readers will think we are not prospering. So I doff y hat and will attempt to give the general news.

Farmers are all busy. Some are through planting, and Mr. Gardenhire can boast of having a large field of corn nearly ready to plow.

Our switch has not arrived yet, but as soon as the busy time is over Torrance will boom.

Mr. Charley Phenis is building a neat house in town and will move over from Burden as soon as it is completed.

Mr. French is adding some improvements to his place.

The most home-like improvement to the town is the neat picket fence Mr. Lyons is putting around his hotel.

Mr. and Mrs. Hodges, who have been spending the winter at Mr. M. Jackson's, started for their home in Illinois last week. They won many warm friends while here, who were reluctant to part with them. We think they were so well pleased with our beautiful valley that they will come again.

MARRIED. Rev. Knight, of the M. E. Church, went down to D. Elliott's last week and said a few words which made Ogg Elliott and Arvilla Elliott husband and wife. It is strange what magic results a few words from a preacher will effect. Dempsey and family and the newly married couple started for Colorado last Thursday. They will go through in wagons. A very sensible way for a young couple to spend their honeymoon, we think. Still Abbott accompanied them.

Our school, under the management of Mr. S. Smith, is running quite nicely.

The Sunday school is growing in numbers and interest. The house if full each Sabbath, and much zeal is manifested by the superintendent and teachers.

The young people have organized a prayer meeting, and meet every Thursday evening. This speaks well for our community religiosity. We also have a prayer meeting every Sunday evening when there is no preaching. Bro. Knight, as a preacher, meets the wants of the people in being an old fashioned Methodist and preaching Holy Ghost religion. Bro. Brown, of the M. E. Church South, will begin a series of meetings at the schoolhouse Sunday evening, April 23rd. The Sunday following Quarterly meeting will be held, at which time the Presiding Elder will be present. We are praying for a glorious outpouring of the Spirit on the meeting.

We are sorry Lady Madge has retired from duty. Won't you favor us with your good articles again, Madge?" We hope C. S. S. will prove as valuable a correspondent as the one just retired from the field. CERES.

Winfield Courier, April 27, 1882.

Udall Notes.

Udall rejoices in the prospect of a billiard hall and a meat market.

Porter Wilson is erecting a substantial residence in the west part of town.

Our school registers forty-eight pupils this spring. A new schoolhouse is among our necessities.

O. W. Jones has organized a singing class here.

Superintendent Story paid our school a visit last Wednesday.

Mrs. Martin made a business trip to Wichita this week, going up Wednesday and returning Friday.

Mrs. Hildebrand contemplates making a visit to Colorado soon.

Mr. Fridley will, in a short time, erect a large two story building to be used as a chair factory and paint shop.

Mr. Hildebrand is putting up a new dwelling, which will count one more for Udall.

Quite a number of the people of this place are afflicted with sore eyes.

Udall is threatened with another preacher. There is no rest for the wicked. FRITZ.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.



The weather keeps very cool and dry. The chinch bugs and dry weather are damaging the wheat.

Corn planting is nearly done, and the first planted is coming up. More millet is being sown in this locality than ever before, and some flax.

As far as the writer knows, the general health of the neighborhood is good.

We understand that the A. T. & S. F. Co., are putting in a platform at Constant station.

Mr. Holland has a new organ.

Holland school closed with an exhibition on the evening of the 14th. The house was well filled and the exercises were good.

We think the 'bus load of young fellows that went to Arkansas City Sunday before last didn't need to drain the canal dry, for from the smell of the 'bus we should judge they took their drink along with them.

MARRIED. Thursday the 13th, Mr. Simeon Beech and Miss Ella Grimes were joined in the "holy bonds of padlock," and last Monday night the boys of the neighborhood took a notion to go over and make Sam treat. They banged around for awhile and then went in. Instead of the treat they expected, they made a hasty retreat. SCHUYLERIUS.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.


News is rather scarce in this section at present writing, and incidents of a sensational character especially, are of decidedly rare occurrence on this side of the ridge. Not so, however, with the festive chinch bug, which has made its appearance in unusual numbers even at this early season. Wheat and oats are seriously threatened, and many farmers are deterred from sowing millet from fear of losing it, and also because of the tendency which that crop has toward increasing and supporting this pest. The area of wheat in this township is very small, but the acreage of corn is unprecedented in this immediate locality.

A small experimental cyclone passed up the country just over the line in Chautauqua County a few days ago, wrecking several houses, and among others, totally destroying the residence of Mr. Brown, on Rock Creek, but inflicting no harm to the family.

Several of our young men started for Colorado last week. Among the party I noticed John Hefner, John Bartgis, Eugene Chamberlain, and James Bright, everyone of them honest and enterprising, have gone to test what industry and integrity will turn out for "the boys" in that newly developed country.

A large party recently started from the Cedarvale neighborhood for Oregon, headed by one of our oldest and best citizens, George Askens.

Mr. Gammon, of Otter Creek, recently returned from Missouri with a large drove of cattle. He reports cattle cheap and in good condition, and his enterprise will probably be imitated by many others this fall.

Uncle George Hosmer sheared his flock of sheep last week, and in yield of wool carries a great deal of encouragement to those who have ventured into sheep raising in this locality.

The band over in the burg of Cedarvale are already tuning up for the national celebration, and the unoffending community plaintively inquire: "Oh, what have we done that this season of vexation should be precipitated upon us this early!"

Father Davis, of Cedarvale, delivered a powerful sermon lately on the great issue of future life. And in my humble estimation, it embodied more of the principles of true religion and of human consolation, than I have known to be brought forward in a discourse of this kind in this community for a long time. Manifesting a feeling of the warm fellowship for every co-worker in Christ's cause, and entertaining a supreme veneration for the author of all true religion, he endeavored to prove that life should be a struggle to reach heaven and not to avoid hell. That every man should put forth his total energies to elevate himself and his fellow man. That those efforts whether successful or not, if honest and persistent, shall receive a reward; but that a neglect to do the bidding of Christ can in no wise be forgotten.

Brother Hitchcock can also claim the gratitude of the community for his late splendid discourse in the same general direction. The two laudable efforts being distinguished only by the few slightly contrasted features of their respective demonstrations. SAM.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

[Skipped long article by O. Moffet, urging people to plant trees. MAW]

From Moffet article:

A great interest is taken of late in the catalpa, which is as yet in the hands of nurserymen who have it for sale. Also Red Cedar and Hard Maple are very desirable woods, but of slow growth...mentions Soft Maples and Cottonwoods and Evergreens.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: Without any intended flattery whatever, toward you editors, but to give expression to a feeling of appreciation for valuable services being rendered, and to commend earnest and zealous efforts toward improvement, I cheerfully and frankly admit that the COURIER seems to be constantly growing brighter, neater, newsier, and spicier all the time, which of course, is evidence of merited, substantial prosperity. Those nuggets of news from correspondents in every quarter of the county and descriptive letters of the rambles of our tourists abroad, as well as the interesting discussions on abstract subjects are a highly entertaining feature of the paper, and make a rich and enjoyable feast for its appreciative legion of readers each week.

MARRIED. On the 13th inst., the holy bonds of wedlock were welded around Mr. Simeon Beech and Miss Ella Grimes by Rev. Morehead, at Arkansas City. Sim is an exceptionally model young man and worthy of the affections of a good, true, loving hearted school ma'am. It is sad to think that the pedagogical fraternity loses one of its fair lights, but such is fate.

Miss Florence Goodwin, having closed a successful term of school at Enterprise, has opened a spring term at the Centennial. Miss Goodwin has made an excellent start in the profession of her choice, but it is feared that her enthusiasm for the work may have a tendency to undermine her health.

After a pleasant visit of several weeks among relatives, friends, and acquaintances, Mrs. Lizzie J. Page took the train at Constant for her home in the Dominion of Canada. She acted the part of a good Samaritan to perfection, and her visit will not soon be forgotten by those who were the special recipients of her kindest attention.

Successful and interesting Sabbath schools are in progress in districts 116 and 93. Mr. George Teter superintends the former and Dr. Marsh the latter. The simple fact that these gentlemen are at the helms is sufficient assurance of a pleasant and profitable time.

Mr. Hilsabeck closed a satisfactory term of school in district 10 a week ago. Jud is a pedagogue "to the manner born."

Each alternate Sabbath, Rev. Morehead commands the gospel artillery at Enterprise schoolhouse. He is an entertaining speaker, and thereby attracts a large congregation.

Miss Susie Lamb, of Bloomington, Illinois, is visiting her sister, Mrs. Ludolph Holcomb.

Henry Waugh showed his faith in Greeley's advice by taking the train a few days ago for southern Arizona Territory.

MARRIED. Matrimonial duties and responsibilities are born with grace and dignity by David Shaw and his charming Ohio bride. HORATIUS.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Official etiquette prescribes that the secretary of war must escort the wife of the secretary of the navy. Mrs. Chandler, it appears, was, before she married her present husband, courted by J. Wilkes Booth, and her photograph was found on the latters person after he was shot. Secretary Lincoln is therefore called upon to escort the sweetheart of his father's assassin. The young lady is not at all responsible, but the whirligig of time has placed Mr. Lincoln in an awkward predicament, and Washington society is seriously considering what he had better do.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Cowley County StockTally One More for Kansas.

This morning we had the pleasure of a long talk with Col. W. L. Mullen, who arrived in the city last night with the "Kansas Queen," supposed to be the largest cow in the United States. This animal is but four years old, stands seventeen hands high, measures ten feet around the girth, and weighs the moderate sum of 3,000 pounds. She is three-fourths English Durham, and was bred by Capt. Stephens of Cowley County, who disposed of her to the present owner. Col. Mullen is on his way to New York and other eastern points with her, to show the people of the east that Kansas can breed equally as large cattle as grasshoppers, and when they see the "Queen," we opine they will not question the assumption. The Colonel proposes to exhibit this mammoth bovine in the towns and cities along his route, and to pay traveling expenses, an admission of 25 and 15 cents will be charged. She will be on exhibition in a tent on Commercial Street, in this city, until next Monday. None of our stock raisers should fail to see this animal. She is a Kansas bred and reared cow, and like most Kansas productions she will bear close scrutiny. She is compactly and squarely built, is of a clear white color, and is thoroughly kind and docile. The Colonel has been offered $5,000 for her, but expects to do better, and we hope he will. Emporia News.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Earnings of the A. T. & S. F. Road for March were $1,115,000, as against $902,000 last year, a gain of $248,600 or of 27 percent. Since January 1, the road has gained $1,000,000 gross earnings.

[TAX FRAUDS: Cherokee Cattle Tax.]

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.


The Cherokee cattle tax has been collected from Kansas cattle owners for three successive years. In 1879 not one dollar ever reached the treasury of the Cherokees, in 1880 there was a partial divvy, the treasury getting some; in 1881 about $50,000 was collected, and claims are made for five or more thousands of delinquencies. This tender-footed permission given some nabob of the tribe to squeeze the cattle interest constitutes the only act of jurisdiction pretended to by the council of the nation over the strip since the treaty of 1866. Commonwealth.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.


Five Hundred White Mountain Apaches Broken Loose.

The citizens of San Semin sent a special messenger on the night of the 27th to Guthrie's ranche, requesting him to notify all persons on the Gila River that five hundred White Mountain Apaches had broken out from the San Carlos reservation, and were heading for the Gila River. A son of Captain Lawson, who was recently killed by the Indians at Gold Gulch, arrived from Clifton on the 28th with dispatches of a similar tenor. There are over thirty men at Guthrie's thoroughly well fortified. A good force well fortified is also located at Whitefoot ranche half a mile below Guthrie's, and active preparations for a vigorous defense are being made all along the river. The great want is for a sufficient supply of arms and ammunition.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Judge W. P. Campbell, of Wichita, is again in the opera business and is said to make a good Belshazzar.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

The wire fence mania has seized many of the noble stock men in the Indian Territory. There are three mammoth pastures in course of construction on that forbidden ground at the present writing, and a half dozen more under contemplation.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

The Secretary of the Interior decided that a preemptor may mortgage his claim to pay for his land.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

The Apaches are killing the people down in Arizona at a lively rate, and the number of victims of the red devils is placed now at considerable over half a hundred.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Al. Requa returned to Topeka Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Prof. C. T. Atkinson, of Arkansas City, was in the City Saturday.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

The wheat in the southwestern part of the county has begun to head.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

W. M. Christopher opens school this week in district 97, New Salem.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Hon. Joel Moody and wife, of Lynn County, made our city a brief visit Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

A. A. Jackson was in the city Monday and was somewhat dampened by the shower.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

We had a very heavy frost Sunday morning but nothing seems to have been injured.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Will Hyden came down from Newton last week and spent a few days visiting friends.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

The cases against the express companies on the liquor question were dismissed Monday.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Miss Florence Goodwin rides seven miles every morning to her school in Beaver Township.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Miss Mollie Dale, of Cedarvale, will teach the spring term of school in district 63, Otter Township.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Deputy Treasurer Will Wilson left Wednesday for a two week's visit to his old home in New York.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

The supper at the M. E. Church last Thursday evening was a success, and the little folks netted $30.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Mr. Leonard Farr came in from Iowa Monday and will remain some time looking after his interests here.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

J. G. Kraft has returned and he and George Miller have again formed a co-partnership in the meat business.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Three more of Cowley's teachers have gone to the mountains: S. F. Overman, R. B. Overman, and L. C. Brown.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

The case against Dr. Wells for unlawfully prescribing has been up since Monday, and will be given to the jury today.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

W. L. Fortner brought us a bunch of wheat from the field of Wm. Moore, that was over four feet high, and nicely headed.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

DIED. George B., son of A. B. And Mrs. M. L. Arment died in this city last Friday, April 28th, aged 13 months, of brain fever.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

The case of Nommsen, for shaving on Sunday, came up before Judge Torrance Tuesday. The Judge fined Mr. Nommsen $1 and costs.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

J. M. Mercer, W. M. Christopher, Miss Mary Christopher, and Miss Mollie Dale were applicants for teachers' certificates at the examination Saturday.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Our farmers should try orchard grass this spring. The State Agricultural Department recommends this as the grass for Kansas pastures. Try it.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Frank Manny is a kind of philanthropist and takes his confinement in good spirits. He is getting along well and will probably be about again in a few days.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

In the case against Wm. Henry Bassewater for burglary in a residence, the jury disagreed and the defendant was bound over to be tried again at the next term of court.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

T. J. Rude made us a pleasant call Saturday. Tom is actively in the field and will be heard from when the sovereign people meet to select a candidate for County Superintendent this fall.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

The east and west railroad folks are preparing to build a depot at Torrance. We should not be surprised if they would gratify the long desire of the Torrance folks and put in a switch also.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

The Good Templars will have a degree meeting and installation of officers in their hall on next Saturday evening. After the installation will be a social with refreshments, etc. All the members will be present, as a very pleasant time is anticipated. There will be no meeting on Friday evening.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

We understand that Will Smith will, in a short time, be promoted to the management of the Chicago Lumber Co.'s yards at Wichita. This is one of the most responsible positions in the company in this part of the state, and while we regret to lose Will, we are heartily glad of his good fortune.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

The new School Board met Monday evening and organized by electing Dr. Emerson, President of the Board, and Fred C. Hunt, Clerk. The Board meets again Thursday evening, and desires that all applicants for positions in the schools fill such applications in writing at an early date. It was thought that the schools would be opened about September first.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

We printed the brief to the supreme court for the defendants in the McNeil case last week. It was constructed by Attorney Buckman and covers twenty pages of printed matter. As we have not received permission from our cotemporary's legal editor, we will not attempt to criticize the legal construction of the document, but will simply say that the logic of its arguments was only exceeded by the beauty of its typography.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

A party of swindlers are now circulating through Kansas, defrauding district school boards by selling them Wood's mathematical charts. They take in the board with a long speech, and then agree to deliver the goods at some future date, but take a school order at once, which they take to some broker and get cashed. They sell the charts at from $25 to $40, when anyone can buy them in the east at $3 per set. Country boards will do well to look out for these gentry. So says the Leavenworth Times.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

The district court has been grinding along slowly this week. The jury in the Cansey trial returned a verdict of assault and battery and Cansey was fined $100, and costs. The case against Dr. Fleming for unlawfully selling liquor was nullified. In the case against him for unlawfully prescribing, the court instructed the jury to bring in a verdict of "not guilty." A new lot of special jurors were drawn. The following are the gentlemen selected: Justice Fisher, H. S. Buckner, John Bowen, A. Hurst, J. W. Hiatt, A. Balwin, [Baldwin?], C. S. Weatherholt, John Crap, [Crapster?], Calvin Sturm, Daniel Campbell, Isaac Schurtz, R. W. Stephens, C. F. Harper, J. B. Tucker, M. A. Graham, A. V. Carvin, A. J. Walk, David G. Lewis, Levi Wymer, David Meriden, D. S. Sherrard, V. Hawkins, and Chas. C. Smith.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Deputy Sheriff McIntire captured a prisoner, one T. G. Wright, Monday, at Hunnewell, charged with defrauding a young man by the name of Chinn, at Arkansas City. Wright purchased a team from Chinn and paid him in "Missouri Defense Bonds," an old issue of Missouri scrip, claiming that the money was good and that he had deposited some in the bank and they received it without a word. He also claimed to own a farm and stock in the county, and finally induced Chinn to take the money in payment for the team. The young man came to town, found the money was not good, and informed deputy McIntire, who started in pursuit and overtook the fraud at Hunnewell.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

We hear quite a number of persons say they have been greatly deceived by the beautiful pieces of cretonne decorating the show windows at the New York Store, supposing them to be new style figures of Brussels carpet, but when closely inspected they are found to be late and elegant patterns of lambrequin goods. The New York Store is becoming famous for its nicely trimmed windows. The chief clerk, Mr. Will Clark, is an adept in the art of arranging dry goods for a fine display, and his experience in this line has done much to gain for that store the popularity it now enjoys.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

At a meeting of the city council Monday evening, the question of Marshal was again debated. Mr. True tendered his resignation, and the Mayor again appointed James Bethel. The motion to confirm was a tie. Mayor Troup maintained that he had a right to name the officer who was to assist him in executing the laws, and finally refused to appoint any other than Bethel until satisfactory evidence could be shown of his incompetency for the position. Thus the matter stands and at present the city is without a regular marshal.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Mr. Charles Crow of Liberty Township had his leg broken Saturday evening. He had ridden horseback to a party and while returning late at night dogs came out and scared the horse so that it ran away. He pulled on the bridle until he broke the reins, when the horse bucked, threw him over him, breaking one leg into two. It's mean in a horse to kick a man when he's down, but some horses have no more manners than a mule. Charlie will rest for a month or two.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Dr. Capper, of Seeley, was in town Tuesday and gave us an account of the accident which befell Hiram Hopkins at the Dunkard Mills Monday. After his clothing caught on the shaft, he was whirled around as much as a hundred times before the wheel could be stopped. Both his legs are broken in several places and some of the bones crushed. The bones in one of his arms are splintered terribly.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

THE MARKETS. This (Wednesday) are as follows: Wheat $1.15, corn, white, 75 cents, yellow, 70 cents. Hogs $6.00 to $6.50. About 3,000 bushels of wheat have been marketed during the past week. Wool is quoted at 14 to 20 cents for unwashed. Produce is in active demand at good prices in cash or merchandise.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Misses May Halyard and Mary Clark made the COURIER office a pleasant call on last Saturday afternoon. They were shown through the mechanical department by our handsome foreman, and after watching the cylinder press grinding off the outside of this week's issue, expressed themselves astonished at the many mysteries of the preservative art.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

MARRIED. The appearance of a fine wedding cake on our table last Thursday morning bore evidence that someone had reached the stage of matrimonial bliss. On inquiry we found that the happy couple were Mr. Albert I. McNeil and Miss Anna B. Weaver, of this city, who were married at the residence of the bride's father on the evening of April 26, by Rev. J. F. Jones.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Miss E. L. Merriam has on exhibition in this office a beautiful landscape painting executed by herself. It is a very handsome piece of work and reflects much credit upon the artist. Miss Merriam intends giving instructions in Landscape painting to a select class of pupils. Those who desire to examine her work can do so by calling at this office.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

The Baptist Ice Cream and Strawberry Festival was a decided success. Notwithstanding the disagreeable weather, a large company was in attendance, and they enjoyed the unusual treat immensely. The Baptist ladies deserve great credit for their untiring energy in their church work.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

John Easton has secured the old Stout blacksmith shop on Ninth Avenue, and has removed from his former location. This is one of the largest and most commodious shops in the city, and has a wagon-work shop attached. We are glad to see John getting along so nicely.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

We learn of a serious accident at the Dunkard Mill, near Little Dutch, Monday. A young man by the name of Hopkins was fishing with a dip net near the wheel when his clothing was caught in the shaft and an arm and both legs broken.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

The new seats of the Baptist Church have been put in and are models of beauty and comfort. They are the regulation opera chair and the seats can be raised to admit of free passage in and out. Beneath each seat is a hat rack.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Rev. Tucker came over from Ottawa last week and preached at the Presbyterian Church Sunday morning and to his old congregation in the evening. He is well pleased with the new location, and looks less careworn than when he left here.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Rev. N. L. Rigby came down from Topeka Friday and filled the pulpit in the new Baptist Church Sunday. He is delighted with the new church and says it is the most perfect church building he had ever seen.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Messrs. Fenno and Maining, wool commission merchants of Boston, have had a representative in the city for a few days, looking toward securing Cowley's wool crop for their house this year.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Mr. J. E. Conklin is getting to be something of a gardener. Monday he dined on lettuce, radishes, onions, mustard and asparagus gathered from his own vines and fig trees.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

P. H. Albright & Co., will discount Real Estate Mortgage Notes.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

James Hutchinson has opened school in district 112, Windsor Township.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Chas. Beck has accepted a clerkship in the Occidental Hotel at Wichita.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

The Ivanhoe Club will meet with Mrs. A. T. Spotswood on Tuesday evening of next week.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

We noticed the familiar countenance of Benj. Wright of Pleasant Valley on our streets Monday.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

District 126 has completed its schoolhouse, and school will open in charge of J. M. Terry, lately from Illinois.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

About seventy cases have been so far disposed of by the courtmostly continuances, and settlements.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Winfield boasts of twenty-seven miles of sidewalk, and yet it can't afford crossings and walks to her school buildings.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

The school land of the county is being taken up pretty generally. One piece sold the other day at forty dollars per acre.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Hodges' delivery horse ran away again last Thursday and fell flat on its back on the sidewalk in front of Eli Youngheim's.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Mr. W. G. Steele and nephew, Fred. Steele, of Rochester, New York, spent a few days in town last week. They think of locating here.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

This has been an unusually dull week for news. Court was in session and the attention of everyone was centered in the whiskey cases, and had no time to break legs or create disturbances.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

DIED. Frank and Mrs. Baldwin's little daughter, Jessie, died on the 21st inst. Little Jessie was nine months old and a bright, intelligent child. Mr. and Mrs. Baldwin have the sympathy of many friends in Winfield.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Miss E. L. Merriam is starting a class in Landscape painting in oil. All who desire instruction will please call upon her at the residence of G. L. Eastman, corner of 7th Avenue and Millington Streets, after school hours during the week, or on Saturdays.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Mr. C. P. Buffington, one of the brightest newspapermen in the state and the founder of the Cherryvale Globe, was in the city Monday. He has sold his interest in the Cherryvale Torch and will remove to Topeka. Tom Copeland is now sole owner of that paper.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Jacob Seeley and family returned to Cowley last week, this time to stay. He left with the intention of locating in northern Iowa, but on arriving there found everything still chained in Winter's icy fetters, and concluded that "sunny southern Kansas" was the best place after all.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

The officers elected for the Fair Association are J. W. Tipton, president; T. A. Blanchard, secretary; J. W. Millspaugh, Treasurer. The Directors are J. C. Roberts, J. J. Johnson, H. B. Pratt, P. M. Waite, W. A. Tipton, Chas. Schiffbauer, S. Phoenix, H. Harbaugh, W. J. Hodges.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Mr. R. C. Jones, the mail carrier to Floral, was in the cyclone June 12th last year and had blown away from him and scattered over the prairie two ten dollar bills and many other papers. Last Sunday a boy picked up far away on the prairie one of his ten dollar bills and brought it to him. It is badly weather-worn.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Mr. J. F. Millspaugh returned from Fort Scott last week and will hereafter make Winfield his home. He expects Ott over as soon as he can dispose of his property there. Frank says Fort Scott is a pretty good town, but that the water is awful bad. The average Bourbon countyite doesn't mind the water, but it's a serious question with a Cowley County man.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

County Atlas.

The enterprise now being prosecuted in our county by Mr. John P. Edwards, of Wichita, with an able corps of co-laborers, is one well deserving of success. A Map and History of Cowley County, of the kind they propose, will be one of great advantage and convenience to every citizen in the county, and we bespeak for those gentlemen engaged in this enterprise a liberal and just recognition from the people of Cowley County.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

[Skipped Ad by W. H. McKinnon, Winfield, Kansas, for a complete and thrilling history of Younger Brothers, Jesse and Frank James, etc. MAW]


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Richland Primary.

The primary of the Republicans of Richland Township will be held on Thursday, May 11th, at 2 o'clock p.m., at the Summit schoolhouse, for the purpose of electing delegates to attend County convention to be held at Winfield on Saturday, May 13th, 1882.

LEWIS STEPHENS, Chairman, Township Committee.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

City Printing.

At the meeting of the City Council Monday evening the COURIER was unanimously awarded the City printing for the coming year, at the rates prescribed by law. This makes the COURIER the official city, as well as county, paper. Last year the printing was awarded to the Telegram, and the contract was assumed by the Courant when that paper changed hands. The COURIER appreciates highly the compliment of its selection to official position in municipal affairs, and will endeavor to discharge the duties of the office in an "efficient, conscientious, and fearless manner," present its bills regularly, and haunt the city treasurer with its "scrip" until the same is converted into legal tender.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Skipped long article re Second Annual Reunion, Ex-Soldiers and Sailors of Kansas, to be held September 11 to 16, 1882. Kansas delegates to receive 1,000 tents for reunion.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

High School Commencement.

The third annual commencement exercises of the Winfield High School will be held in the Opera House Friday evening. The exercises will commence promptly at 8 o'clock, after which the doors will be opened only during music. Those who desire reserved seats can have them marked on the chart by calling at Goldsmith's.

Program giving names only of participants.

Rev. J. E. Platter, Rosina Ann Frederick, William Elmer Hodges, Leni Leota Gary, Charles Israel Klingman, Ida Geneva Trezise, Hattie Eva Andrews, Anne Electa Rowland, Charles Francis Ware, Haidee Augusta Trezise, Lizzie M. McDonald, Rose Amelia Rounds, Mary Lottie Randall, James Alexander Cairns, Minnie Francis Sumpter, Rev. P. F. Jones.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Council Proceedings.


Councilmen met in regular sessions, Mayor M. G. Troup presiding. Present, Councilmen Read, Gary, McMullen, and Wilson, City Attorney, and Clerk.

Minutes of last meeting read and approved.

Petition of A. E. Baird and six others for the construction of a gutter on Main Street was read; and the following resolutions concerning the same were adopted.

Resolved, That the City Council deem it necessary to provide by ordinance for the laying of a stone gutter five feet wide along the west side of Main Street, commencing at Seventh Avenue and running thence south to Tenth Avenue; also on the east side of Main Street, running from Seventh Avenue to Tenth Avenue, and that said gutter-stone be set on edge and be not less than six inches in thickness and laid adjacent to the sidewalk.

Resolved, That unless a majority of the resident owners of the property along said proposed line of improvement, subject to taxation for the same, do not within twenty days from the publication of these resolutions file their protest with the City Clerk, then each improvement shall be ordered.

Bid of COURIER COMPANY to do the City printing at legal rates was presented. Bid of Winfield "Courant" on same terms was also presented.

It was moved that the contract for the City printing for the ensuing year be awarded to the COURIER COMPANY. Carried.

The following claims were allowed and ordered paid:

City Officers' salaries, April: $68.00

H. L. Thomas, street crossings, etc.: $45.98

G. F. Corwin, street work: $4.50

Max Shoeb, rent engine house grounds: $8.00

Mr. R. H. True tendered his resignation as City Marshal. On motion the resignation was accepted.

Report of City Treasurer for month ending April 15th was presented and referred to Committee on Finance.

The Mayor appointed James Bethel marshal for the ensuing year. On the motion of Mr. Read to confirm the appointment, the vote resulted in a tie.

The Mayor appointed Mr. D. A. Millington City Engineer for the ensuing year. On motion the appointment was confirmed.

Council then adjourned. M. G. TROUP, Mayor.

Attest: DAVID C. BEACH, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Sabbath School Institute.

Rev. P. B. Lee has handed us a program of the Winfield District Ministerial Association to be held at Zion Church near Winfield, May 10th, 11th, and 12th, and of the Sabbath School Institute at same place May 12th, 13th, and 14th. Robert Cowden, the general secretary of the United Brethren S. S. Board, will conduct the exercises. All friends of the Sabbath School cause are invited.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Vernon Ahead.

T. C. Price, of Vernon, last Saturday brought us some samples of wheat three and a half feet high and rye four feet tall. His wheat will be ready to harvest in about three weeks.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Report of Superintendent of City Schools.


To the members of the School Board.

GENTLEMEN: The school year just closed has generally been one of progress, though the short term last year followed by one but little longer this year, has made it impossible to perform the amount of work necessary, yet the advancement of the various grades has been generally satisfactory, indeed better than could have been expected under the circumstances. The grading of the schools has brought about a better attendance, and consequently the pupils have been more interested and have made more satisfactory progress. Yet it has required time to bring about this change, and the prospects are that if the term can be lengthened to the average, the schools will enter upon a term of prosperity far in advance of what they have heretofore enjoyed.

In order that you may understand the advancement made in the last three years, I here present a comparative statement of the years.

1879-80 1880-81 1881-82

Whole No. Enrolled 621 726 891

Average attendance 247 452 533

Percent of attendance 84 92 93

The above comparison shows that while there has been a gain in the whole number enrolled, yet the average attendance and percent of attendance has increased at a greater ratio.

The gain is shown more particularly in the High School department, and may be seen from the following statement of attendance in that department.

1879-80 1880-81 1881-82

No. that attended three months or more 36 40 54

Average attendance 23 36 46

Percent of attendance 80 93 98

The gains shown by the above is but an index of the interest shown by the pupils. In earnestness and application I can say that the High School is 100 percent better than it was in 1879-80. As a further evidence of the progress made in this department, I may mention that the number who completed the course in 1880 and received certificates of graduation, was two, in 1881 there were five, and this year there is a class of fourteen, and the prospects are that the class next year will be still larger. The course of study which was arranged three years ago, although then in advance of the grades, is unsuited to the present advancement of the schools and should be re-arranged before the commencement of another term.

All the schools have suffered because of a lack of apparatus and library of reference; but more especially has this been felt in the High school, where apparatus and books of reference are if possible more necessary than in the lower grades. By voluntary contributions and by giving entertainments the teachers and pupils have this year purchased books to the amount of $50., and the present graduating class by giving a supper during Holidays raised over $50, which was expended for Philosophical apparatus. If possible a fund should be provided to be expended for additions to the nucleus of a library and apparatus thus gained.

I would also call your attention to the condition of the school grounds.

There should be an effort made to ornament and improve the school grounds by planting trees. Driving and riding across the grounds should be prohibited and strictly enforced as the schools are not only annoyed during study hours but when the pupils are at play their lives are endangered. As the grounds are at present, when it rains the pupils and teachers are obliged to wade through mud and water often over their shoe-tops, in order to get to the schoolhouse.

Probably most of the sickness of pupils and teachers has been caused by getting their feet wet in going to and from school. In addition to this the mud carried into the school rooms dries, and by sweeping the dust settles on the walls, desks, and seats, and accumulating, is breathed by the pupils, thus causing disease.

The windows of the buildings have never been so that they could be lowered and raised to secure ventilation. I have been unable to get them properly adjusted, though I have several times called attention to the fact.

The lack of curtains at some of the windows has no doubt caused much injury to pupils, as they have been compelled to use their eyes in a strong glare of light. As a result, some have been obliged to leave school for a time until their eyes improved, and some perhaps have received injuries from which they will never fully recover.

At present there is no well on the school grounds of the West Ward, and though there is a well in the East Ward, there is no pump, so that the schools are entirely deprived of water except what can be secured from wells not on the school grounds.

The out houses in the East Ward are old and unfit for the uses of the schools, and new buildings are an absolute necessity.

I would recommend that all teachers who have given satisfaction and wish to remain be retained, and that the selection of teachers for the coming year be made as soon as possible.

Respectfully submitted. E. T. TRIMBLE.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Northwest Creswell.

The big rain of last week came in time to save a large quantity of wheat from the said havoc of the chinch bugs.

Corn is mostly up and looking well. The frost of Sunday morning did but little damage. There is some corn on hand yet in the Bend, which brings the small sum of 80 cents per bushel. Most people of the Bend are not in favor of the repeal of the herd law. We think that generally those who own stock are more able to fence, or herd them, than the farmer is to fence his farm.

Some of the correspondents of the COURIER have been naming the men they would like as Superintendent of schools. There are many who could fill the office with credit, but what we want is the best man for the place, a true worker, and one who has had long experience in the art of teaching. I think that Prof. Atkinson of Arkansas City would be the best man we could find in the county to fill the office. In order to have good schools and good teachers, we must remember to be very careful and choose the best men for school officers.

Charles Wamsley, a relative of Mr. Smalley, has returned to his old home in Ohio. He claimed that he did not like Kansas very well, but actions go to prove that there was some young lady back there that he thought more of than he did Kansas.

Frank Leeper has an excuse to go to Geuda Springs every Sunday to take a bath.

Considerable sod is being turned over this spring. Messrs. Merrick, Disser, Haron, Evans, Leeper, Corby, Smalley, and several others are making the face of the earth look dark. This goes to show that there was more money made last year than it took to keep the family. Go ahead, Brother farmers, that is what makes a county. I like to see all improve their farms who can.

The spring crop of babies has been very large. I will not attempt to name them for fear I miss some. At the present increase we will have a large number of scholars in school in a few months. NOVUS HOMO.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

A Praise-worthy Movement.

GEUDA SPRINGS, April 27th.

EDS. COURIER: Pursuant to the notice given after Divine service on Sunday last, a meeting was held at Odd Fellows' Hall, Geuda Springs, on the 24th inst., to take steps toward building a large Booth or Tabernacle near the Springs, for religious worship. The object of the meeting was explained by Rev. Mr. Post and Dr. Cutler, after which the meeting was organized by electing Rev. McCamey president, and Dr. Cutler, secretary. After full discussion a committee of seven, consisting of Messrs. Cutler, Rice, Berkey, Snider, Acton, Mills, and Notenstien were appointed an executive committee, to have the management of the building and the control of the same after being built.

On motion it was resolved to build Booth or Tabernacle with a seating capacity of two or three thousand.

On motion Bros. Post, McCamey, and Broadbent were appointed a committee whose duty it shall be to invite prominent ministers of all denominations to hold divine services in the tabernacle.

On motion the 3rd Sunday in May was fixed upon as the time for holding the first religious worship in the tabernacle, at 10 o'clock a.m. The committee was instructed to advertise the fact in the state papers.

On motion the meeting adjourned. J. W. McCAMEY, President.

GEO. A. CUTLER, Secretary.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Beaver Township.

Our farmers are all about through planting corn and some have commenced to cultivate. A large acreage has been planted this season, but owing to the cold, dry weather it has come up rather slowly and will not probably be as good a stand as usual, though the weather has somewhat changed for the better. Several days have been warm and pleasant, and the copious rain of this week will no doubt be of great advantage to the growing crops.

Some of our farmers are discouraged in regard to their wheat crops. Some fields have commenced to perish and die, either from dry weather, frost, or chinch bugs. We are inclined to think it is a combination of the three causes, but think the present rain will bring it out all right yet.

Dr. Bowlin of Kentucky, a brother-in-law to Mr. William D. Lester, is yet in our midst. He came to visit Mr. Lester in his last illness. The Doctor will return to his home in a few days. He is a man of rare ability and a gentleman in every respect. We would be much pleased to have him become a citizen among us.

The Methodist Episcopal Church South are contemplating building a church the present season near Beaver Center. Three men have subscribed $100 each, and two more have subscribed $150. This looks like business for five men to subscribe the amount of $450 to begin with. The church will surely be erected, and one is very much needed in our midst.

MARRIED. Mr. Theodore Dillow has given up keeping batch by taking to himself a help-mate: Miss Rilla Rorick. We wish them much joy and hope they may make a success in sunny Kansas, and that they may prosper abundantly.

Mr. Rogers, with the aid of B. W. Jenkins, carpenter, is now engaged in building himself a fine house. Mr. Rogers is a man of energy, and will no doubt make it pay farming in Beaver Township.

Mr. W. A. Scott had a fearful runaway scrape a few days ago. He was engaged in hauling at his house and his horses became frightened and ran a mile, when Mr. Greaves caught them near his place. Fortunately there was but little damage done.

Mr. Abrams has his 160 acre pasture supplied with a considerable amount of stock. It cost him a little over $250 to put the wire fence around it, besides his own labor. It will pay all expenses the present season. It pays largely in this country to have plenty of pasture.

The Sabbath school at Beaver Center is still growing in interest. There were over 100 in attendance last Sunday.

Our assessor has completed his labors in assessing the property of the township, the result of which shows the amount of taxable property to be $10,016. GRANGER.


Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

Farmers. Bring in your garden vegetables, radishes, onions, pie plant, lettuce, etc. Also your butter, eggs, chickens, turkeys, etc. We will pay you the cash or goods. J. P. BADEN.

Winfield Courier, May 4, 1882.

FENNO & MANNING, Wool commission merchants, Boston, Mass., liberal cash advances made on consignments. Sacks furnished free. Apply to Brotherton and Silvers, Winfield, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.



Well, my dear friends, will you allow me to have a little chat with you? I'll try and tell you truthfully some of the doings in our beautiful neighborhood. You all know how your crops are doing, wheat splendidly, corn is coming slowly, and Mr. Christopher has replanted forty acres, but the refreshing showers and warm sunshine will no doubt bring the latter planting on in double quick.

Mr. Kelso from Grenola is visiting Mr. Edgars.

Mr. C. C. Chapell has returned from St. Louis and is able to enjoy life and look forward to a speedy restoration to perfect health.

Mr. Beasly is drilling a well for Mr. Watt.

Mrs. Beck has been very ill, is mending slowly, and is attended by Dr. Phelps. We all miss her presence in the Sunday school as she is one of our ambitious workers.

Mrs. Bovee is home, but is very weak. We trust she will soon be able to walk again.

Mr. Edward Christopher celebrated his birthday by having a goodly number of his young friends invited in and the time was devoted to chatting, singing, musick, and all did justice to the excellent supper which Mrs. Christopher had prepared so carefully.

Since I last wrote another young lady has been immersed, and a young girl sprinkled. The Sunday school and church are doing well, and is certainly cheering to see young soldiers in the army of the Lord.

Some of our neighbors attended the funeral at Floral, of the poor man that met his death so suddenly in Winfield last Saturday.

Mr. Chapell is again able to be about, but his physician says he now has the dropsy. He has the sympathy of his neighbors.

Everett Gates is afflicted with the mumps. He is living at present with Mr. Vance.

Some of our neighbors are courting; or are attending court in Winfield. Some may be courting in earnest, but they "pull down the blinds" so Olivia can't tell on them.

Mr. Robinson and family have moved away.

"Dan," of Floral, has been perambulating our streets with his face shaved as slick as a peeled onion.

Most of the stock owners have taken their cattle off to be herded. Some are fortunate enough to have pastures and some employ a hand to herd and thus keep their stock under their own eyes.

Miss Etna Dalgarn is home again.

Salem Sunday school was favored with some Floral and Prairie Home visitors on the 23rd.

Miss Mary Dalgarn visited in Floral this week.

A few Salemites attended Sunday school and Mr. E. Service of Prairie Home schoolhouse on last Sunday and report their school in a flourishing condition and they appreciated the kindly way in which they were entertained. They expect to be favored with the presence of Rev. Cairns of Winfield on the 30th.

I may sometime step over my prescribed boundaries and thus trespass on some other itimizer's territory, but if I do, they have the same opportunity to pay me in my own coin.

If Salem would only have some mineral springs, a gold mine, or something of the kind to create an excitement, items would not be so few and far between.

My budget is empty, so I will rest awhile. OLIVIA.

April 29th, 1882.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.


Akron, Kansas, May 1st, 1882.

EDS. COURIER: I see by your issue of April 27th that I gave a birthday dinner on Easter Sunday. Now please allow me a little space in your columns to make a few corrections on the article from Prairie Grove in which the above item appeared. In the first place, I did not give a birthday dinner on Easter Sunday. I was not 36 years old and it wasn't my birthday. Mr. Winner did not present me a work box nor Mr. Swan a chain tidy, Mr. Douglass a preserve dish, Mrs. Winner a chromo, nor Mr. Rogers a dish. The rest of the article may be true so far as I know, but in order that no more of my friends may congratulate me on the receipt of the above presents and to save myself further uneasiness (as my health has been very poor of late), I ask that you make the above corrections to your correspondent, Molasses, article and oblige Yours Obediently, WILLIAM WHITE.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: Deeming that I have a few items of sufficient interest to find a place in the COURIER, I send them to you. In fact, Mr. Editor, we think if we undertook to keep you posted on all such little items as to when Mrs. Jones visited Mrs. Smith and when Mrs. Brown visited Mrs. Johnson or, when a Mr. Hawkins buys a cow or horse or swaps a mule or when somebody or person was suffering with erysipelas, neuralgia, or dumb ague, etc, ad infinitum (or soon without end), we would need about five columns of the COURIER every week, but I do not deem such little local items of sufficient importance to occupy space in so valuable a paper as the COURIER.

The Disciples or Christian and Baptist have organized and are conducting a union Sunday school very successfully at Vernon Center schoolhouse, and in the language of Mr. Millspaugh, "If the Bible is taught in its simplicity, christians will be the harvest reward."

The trustees of our cemetery have secured two acres more of land of Messrs. Lee and Paterson, which incurred a little expense and will make one of the finest graveyards in Cowley County. The aged must, and the young do die, and one by one our loved ones are passing on before, and some of our thoughtful citizens at an early day secured one of nature's most beautiful spots for the burial of our dead.

The Cottage Home, or residence of Messrs. Croco, Holmes, and Ware, are fast taking shape and proportion, and we deem them worthy ornaments of enterprise and thrift.

Lady Madge; recently we were visiting in Nenescah and our eyes did discover one of the "neat little cottages" of which you spoke, and could not forbear a comparison with some of Vernon's cottages, but we should not despise "the day of small things," but Lady Madge, we just thought you were short of items, that's all.

Last week we saw Mr. Wilson taking out barbed wire for a pasture fence. We understand he and Mr. Cole are fencing 80 acres of Mr. Cole's land, and you can tell the east Cowleyites this is the way we Vernonites believe in doing-a-way with the herd law, when you get your own places all hedged and have too much stock to keep at home, fence part of your neighbor's farm for the use of his grass, this is just and right. Mr. Editor, three years ago if a neighbor told us he intended to fence a ten acre pasture, put up a wind pump or small barn, or a 12 x 16, story and a half house, wide open flew our eyes in astonishment, but now if one speaks of building a house 28 x 30 with a 14 x 20 cellar under it, a large barn, or an 80 acre pasture, we but smile and remark that we think it a fitting monument of his prosperity.

Farmers are all done planting corn and now comes cultivating.

Fruit prospects, promising. We anticipate a large crop.

Farmers are all anxious to get stock, consequently the prices are very high now.

I was much amused at H. C. Hawkins' "Didn't try to stand it," have seen little boys compelled to take some awful doses of Vermifuge, Boneset, and Lebelia, and they made some sorry faces, but H. C. Hawkins took his medicine like a little man, with but little squirming. Rather think he had made up his mind to stand it, however, am glad to have him back with us. We are glad he thinks so much of home. Long may he live to sit beneath his own vine and fruit tree, and as the little ones gather around him may they rise up and call him blessed. April 29th, 1882. M. LEWIS.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.


Miss Pickering enjoys the honor of presiding over the first school taught in the Walton schoolhouse, which, by the way, is a very comfortable, neat and attractive building, and a credit to the enterprise of the district.

The past week Doff Holcomb has been afforded the opportunity of making comparisons of the estimated wealth of our farmers by assisting Joe Hill in completing the assessment of the township. Doff, besides being a good penman, possesses more than ordinary mathe- matical ability, sound judgment, clear perception, and neatness and accuracy as a book- keeper, qualities indispensable to an efficient public officer, and should not be overlooked by our voters in the choice of our next assessor.

A large acreage of corn has been planted in this locality this spring by the "listen" process. Messrs. Beech, Rambo, Holland, Dillo, Marckum, and Roseberry have each "listed" fifty acres.

Last Saturday the 22nd inst., the guardian of the Holtby estate finished planting, in good condition, one hundred acres of corn. He has the affairs of the estate now in good shape, having received twelve hundred dollars from brothers of the unfortunate man to be disbursed for the benefit of the family and the canceling of outstanding obligations. The value of the estate has increased to the extent of a bran new daughter.

Attorney C. C. Holland leaves for northern Dakota Territory in a few days, where he intends looking up a location for a colony from this section of the county.

MARRIED. Last evening this community was treated to another wedding. Mr. Theodore Dillo and Miss Aureta Rorick's happy hearts now beat in union at the rate of four beats to the measure, and they measure as often as possible. Squire Hammond, of Beaver Township, officiated. In this case the path of true love has been a decidedly rough one. However, it is useless for the old folks to kick against the bricks or fight against the inevitable. May the sunshine of happiness ever illuminate their future voyage down Tinis' ceaseless stream.

This morning Messrs. Harbaugh, Lamb, Teeter, and Hillsobeck started for the Territory, ostensibly in search of the picturesque, but practically for post timber (except the last named gentleman, who is going down to see the squaws and papooses).

A passenger and freight platform has just been completed at our station, Constantville, a convenience that has been much needed by the traveling public. No danger now of ladies dislocating the joints of their pedal extremities getting on the train.

Mrs. Nancy Snider, wife of the deceased Wesley Snider, has been granted letters of administration, by the probate court, for the transaction of business connected with the estate. The sudden death of her husband by the accidental discharge of an auctioneer's pistol in Winfield on April 22nd, is a very sad and severe blow to the family in their present condi- tion. He was an exemplary citizen, affectionate husband, and kind father. Being an indus- trious worker, he was just getting his model stock farm on the Walnut River in nice shape to realize handsome dividends therefrom. It is unnecessary to philosophize on the manner in which the deceased met his death further than to remark that a law should be enacted imposing a heavy fine or imprisonment for criminal carelessness with deadly weapons, especially in crowds on the business avenues of cities. A moral might be deduced from this tragical affair which should be ineffaceably impressed upon the minds of farmers, viz.: Cease loafing about towns and cities; when it is necessary to leave the farms, they should transact their business with dispatch and return home to their labors, and not stand in gaping crowds listening to the chin-music of some dead beat or imposter. Dry-goods box farming has never yet removed a single mortgage from the homestead.

Candidates for county superintendent of public instruction appear to be looming up thick and fast. Among the brilliant galaxy of names mentioned, I am pleased to note that of T. J. Rude of Dexter. Should R. C. Story, the present incumbent, decline positively to enter the field again, no one perhaps could fill the position more efficiently and satisfactorily than Mr. Rude. Tom is a successful teacher of long experience, and is possessed of a polite and pleasant address, accommodating and approachable disposition, enthusiastic and progressive in educational matters, and a happy faculty of imparting his spirit of enthusiasm, vim, push, and energy to others for the advancement of the profession. With his abilities and qualifica- tions, the good work already accomplished in the county would continue to progress. It is to be hoped that if we are to lose Mr. Story, that his aspirations for a higher superintendency may be realized, thereby extending his field of usefulness to the boundaries of our broad young State, which is destined to soon lead all other states of the Union in the education of the masses. If Story must go, give us Tom Rude. . . . A long poem followed. HORATIUS.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Skipped next article, which gave Constitution, Preamble, and Bylaws of Floral Library, dated May 4, 1882. They were working hard to get a library.

"We, your committee appointed to take into consideration the expediency of organizing a public library, and if thought advisable to do so, to suggest a scheme by which the same may be carried to a successful issue, after due deliberation, would submit the following report.

"We would recommend that an organization be at once made and put into operation, with following laws and rules."


Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.


The editor of this paper has undertaken to write up a history of this county for John P. Edwards, the great Philadelphia map publisher, and would ask each and every person in all parts of the county who have any incidents in relation to the early settlers and settlement of the county to note them down and send them to the COURIER office. We shall take much pride in making this history as complete and interesting as possible, and must depend upon others for most of our information.

Edwards & Co., get up the best county Atlas we ever saw. The specimen before us contains separate maps of each Congressional township in the county with the names of the owners of the lands printed thereon and all the streams, roads, towns, post offices, and other valuable information. It gives the plats of the towns on a large scale, and is a gem of the first water.


Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

EDS. COURIER: I hope you will still allow space for the discussion on the herd law, as it is the most important question the farmers of this county were ever called upon to decide. In Mr. E. I. Johnson's article, entitled "Facts and Figures," he says, "Any man should be willing to sacrifice self and selfish measures where it would benefit the mass of the people." But anyone can see he fails in proving the benefits to the mass of the people. Mr. Johnson's own figures, in his return as assessor of Sheridan Township, show that the whole personal property of his township falls short of $23,000, being much less than $200 for each taxpayer. Can Mr. Johnson point out a dozen farmers in his township who are able to fence and have any capital left to invest in stock? And it is much the same in all the townships in the county. In a former letter he makes the cost of fencing only a nominal sum. Can he tell how many thousands of rods there are along the lines of farms where hedge fence can not be used, owing to surface rocks, making necessary either rock or wire fence at over one dollar per rod? I claim that fencing in farms would throw a majority of the farmers of the county into debt and entail an annual interest, to meet which would compel them to sell young stock, which is ruinous. Bur Mr. Johnson says farmers have to sell their colts and calves for want of a place to put them. I wish Mr. Johnson could give the cost of herding stock in Kansas and fencing against them in Missouri. My experience, as a resident of both States, has taught me that there is a difference of 50 percent in favor of herding. But he says other counties in Kansas are prospering without the herd law. From what I have seen in those counties, it has retarded settlement and, owing to poor fences, the farmers have to herd their crops, making necessary ten times the amount of herding needed in Cowley County. I have known farmers in Missouri who drive their cattle by the hundred head away from home to save their own crops, and if they destroyed other farmers' crops, if the latter had not a legal fence (which very few had), they could recover no damages. Many of them would retaliate and shoot the stock, and it made endless litigation amongst farmers. But there is a principle underlying this question which ought to be taken into account, as well as profit and loss. Let those who invest in stock take care of them. They may herd, fence, or do anything that suits them, so that they don't molest their neighbors. The corn and wheat growers have the same rights: the right to do what they please with their own property. If they choose to fence a pasture for their own stock and let their cultivated land go unfenced, who has a right to interfere? It is true many of the Western Sates compel farmers to fence; but if the question was carried up to the higher courts, the whole thing would be declared unconstitutional and void. There are no such tyrannical laws in any other civilized country in the world.

I am as much in favor of fencing as Mr. Johnson; only I don't believe in fencing being made compulsory. But I do believe if we had every forty acres in Southern Kansas enclosed with a good hedge fence, it would have the effect of changing the climate to a large extent; it would break the force of the winds, and draw the rains from the passing clouds, besides saving the farmers much annoyance in taking care of their own stock. Yours, etc., TISDALE.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

EDS. COURIER: I see every week something about repealing the herd law, and some very wild notions about it also. My idea is to let the herd law alone and let every man fence off a pasture for his stock, and let every man have a bunch of cattle to feed his corn to. Suppose the legislature repeals the herd law and every farmer is compelled to fence, will he not fence all his land? Most assuredly; and the land is about all entered. Where will large herds go then? On the lanes and roads of course. One of your correspondents says there is over 20,000 acres of taxable land in his township, and a little over 7,000 in cultivation, 3,000 not entered, and 12,000 not in cultivation. I suppose he wants this range for transient herds that winter in the Territory and come here to summer a little too late to be taxed. So they eat our grass, tramp the land, and in the fall go back to their old range and come again the next spring and do likewise. He says the poor are already in the hands of the rich. I suppose not as tight as he wants them to be, if he can have the privilege of eating up his grass and have his stock trespassing on his neighbor, he would be satisfied. Now, I hold that the herd law is man's legal right, and after he has bought the land from the government it is his, and no man or set of men has a right to say what he shall do with it. FELIX.


Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

The service in the damage case of J. Danford against the Caldwell vigilantes was held to be good and the cases are set for trial at the next term of court in Osage County.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

The cattle men in the Territory south of Caldwell, Kansas, are now engaged in their annual spring round-up of stock, preparatory to driving to market. The grass on the range is better than at this time last year, and grass-fed cattle can be placed on the market fully a month earlier.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

The earnings of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad company for this month will probably be $1,200,000 against $918,478 in April of 1881. It seems almost impossible for the Atchison earnings to be ever less than $1,000,000 per month. The first month that the Atchison earned $1,000,000 was in May, 1881, and the gross monthly earnings have not since fallen below this amount.


Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Mr. S. M. Fall was attending Court Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Mr. and Mrs. S. P. Strong were in the city Friday.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Geo. Rhodes leaves for Mt. Dora, Florida, next Monday.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

The total population of Vernon Township this year is 999.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Mrs. Steinberger is visiting with her parents in Fairview Township.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Ed. Nicholson and wife were in the city Friday, from Dexter.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

BIRTH. Born Wednesday, May 3rd, to Mr. and Mrs. Ed. P. Greer, a daughter.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Judge Campbell came down Monday to testify in the Cole case.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Mr. A. J. Henthorn of the Enterprise made us a very pleasant call Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

West Holland, of Pleasant Valley Township, has in one-tenth of an acre of cotton.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

J. M. Clover, of Burden, was in town Tuesday and called at our office.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Hudson Bros.' new building is to be two stories high and will be a very nice building.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Ben Clover, of Cambridge has been putting in several days of this week attending court.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

The total population of Tisdale Township this year is 822. Last year the population was 535.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Cambridge is to have another paper soon. The Cambridge folks are getting mighty plucky.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

M. Christopher, of New Salem, visited the COURIER office last Saturday.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Dr. Headrick was arrested again Monday, charged with unlawfully prescribing intoxicat- ing liquors.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

The eighteen townships reported show an increase in population over last year of 1,264. Whoop `em up!

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

The Court was occupied most of Monday on a potato case between John Earnest and a Minnesota firm.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

We present this week a letter from a new correspondent at Torrance. "Damon" shows journalistic training.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Pheme Kirk was granted a divorce from her husband, Andrew Kirk, on Monday, on the ground of desertion.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

T. R. Timme has removed his merchant tailoring establishment to the room next south of Axtel's Restaurant.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Our Sheriff is a natural poet. His poetic effusions are both amusing and voluminous. His friends are urging their publication.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Chas. H. Robinson left for Old Mexico Monday, where he may take a position under Gov. Anthony on the Mexican Central railway.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Judge Tipton is one of the soundest lawyers at the bar and shows a knowledge of law that is only gained by years of experience.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Mr. J. E. Williams, of Arkansas City, made us a pleasant call Tuesday. Mr. Williams is proprietor of the Arkansas City House there.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Mr. A. H. Limerick is being pushed by his friends as a candidate for county superinten- dent. He is one of the best practical educators in the county.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Mr. J. F. McMullen has gained high reputation as an attorney by the careful and efficient manner in which he has conducted the defense in the Cole case.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Date Tansey returned from New Mexico last week, looking hale and hearty. He is at present engaged with the Santa Fe railroad building bridges, and will return soon.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Olivia, our bright New Salem correspondent, called on us Tuesday. Her health has been quite feeble and she will try the health giving waters at Geuda Springs for a few weeks.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Hon. R. F. Burden spent several days of this week in the city. He says Cowley never looked better, and that the yield of crops this year will astonish our eastern relatives.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Al. Wilkinson, of the Caney Valley Herald, was in the city last week. Al is crawling up steadily in the journalistic field, and of late has made the Herald sparkle with good things.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

The population of Silverdale Township this year is 640, an increase of 81 over last year. They have 646 acres of winter wheat, 2,606 of corn growing, and 3,295 bushels of old corn on hand.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Liberty Township has 1,255 acres of wheat growing and 4,734 of corn. She has 5,653 bushels of old corn on hand and her increase in population over last year is 62. Her total population is 595.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Mrs. Delia Hapell arrived at Winfield on the 11 o'clock train last Saturday. This is her first trip so far west, and she is delighted with the country, thinking it ahead of Illinois. She was a resident of Pike County, Illinois.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

The Ladies of the Presbyterian Church will give a Strawberry and Ice Cream Supper in the basement of their church Friday evening. The proceeds are to be used in repairing the inside of the church building.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

John Allen will be a candidate for "County Witness" at the fall elections. He seems to be in such unusual demand. We are of the opinion that John will not be well enough to serve. He has been sick 365 days this year.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Mr. R. E. Brooking intends that his brother, H. S., of Murpheysville, Kentucky, shall keep posted on Kansas affairs, and has had the COURIER forwarded to him for several years. We hope he will conclude to move west and settle in Cowley.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

The Episcopal Church will hold an Ice cream and Strawberry festival on Thursday evening of this week, May 11th, in Manning's Opera House. As this is their first entertain- ment for a long time, they hope to have a large turn out.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Mr. George Rembaugh, for the last three years foreman of the Telegram and lately of Courant offices, has severed his connection with that paper. George is one of the few first class printers in the state, and his excellent executive ability has done much for the papers with which he has been connected.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

DIED. A little child of Mr. Ford's met with a singular and sudden death on Thursday last. It seems that the little one had been given some bread, and filled its throat so full that it com- menced choking, and before a physician could be called, it was dead. Dr. Reed made an effort to resuscitate, but in vain. The little eyes were closed, and the little hands numb forever. Democrat.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Last week we warned our readers against fraudulent agents traveling for the sale of groceries by sample. Since then we see that a nest of dealers in shoddy goods have struck Cowley County and many have been swindled. We were also told that some townships in this county were being canvassed. Every farmer who gives his note or puts his name to any paper, of whatever purport, presented by an unknown agent, can rest assured that he has been swindled, and nine purchases out of ten for cash, of traveling strangers, will be found losing investments. If such agents won't trust you, a permanent settler at your own home, you would be a fool to trust a man whom you never saw and whose home or place of business is nowhere. Keep your names off all papers and pay only for what is in sight, and even then you will be buying shoddy goods at three times their value. Large numbers of farmers in this State have been most grievously swindled within the past few months by these so-called agents, who are, in fact, the principals, and principally thieves. Wichita Eagle.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

A good story is told on Amos Walton, and as Amos seems to be somewhat before the public, the present is as good a time as any to tell it. One of the Justices of the Peace in Bolton Township approached a leading citizen of Arkansas City recently and requested a donation of ten cents, stating that there was a tobacco-devouring lawyer in his neighborhood who had borrowed enough tobacco of him to kill an elephant, and that he wanted to raise enough to buy him a plug. After going around among the boys, the J. P. returned with a huge plug of "horse-shoe," which he enclosed in a wrapper addressed to "Amos Walton," and accompanied by a card bearing the inscription, "From Your Long-suffering Friends! May it Last You a Thousand Years!" Amos has not since been heard from until the publication of his "Open Letter."

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

DIED. Engineer Robb, who runs the freight train on the K. C. L. & S. from Cherryvale to Wellington, has been sadly bereaved during the past few weeks. Some three weeks ago he lost a little child by sickness, and last Friday morning he pulled in from Wellington with his train to find his wife lying dead at her home in this city. He had pulled in from the east the evening before, eaten supper with his family, and taken his train on to Wellington leaving her seemingly well. During the night she was taken suddenly and violently ill and died at seven o'clock Friday morning. Mr. Robb is one of the oldest engineers on the road and the boys along the line sympathize heartily with their comrade in his bereavement.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Miss Etta Robinson received a number of her friends at her home on last Saturday evening. The guests were finely entertained with select readings, etc., and all took part in various amusements, while an elegant collation consisting of cakes and ice cream was served at eleven o'clock. We give below a list of those in attendance: Messrs. Jas. Cairns, Roy Stidger, Grant Stafford, John Randall, James Wayman, Frank Berkey, and Albert Woods of Wellington; Misses Lutie Newman, Clara Bowman, Jennie Lowry, Josie Bard, Ella Freeland, Anna Hunt, Mary Randall, and Etta Earlin, of Wellington.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Mr. R. S. Howard, of this city, who keeps read up and knows the meaning of things which he sees laying around loose, has picked up some curious rocks in the neighborhood of Maple City in this county. One of them, which is a sample of the rest, and which he sends to the state historical society, is shaped like a ham which has been sliced off at both ends. It is very heavy and is well charged with silica but appears to be a wood petrification, the annual circles of growth appearing very prominent. It has evidently been shaped by a sharp tool in some past age.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

A number of Good Templars came over from Oxford last Saturday evening to attend lodge here. They were entertained in good style by the Good Templars of Winfield, at the Brettun House, and returned Sunday afternoon. The visitors were: Messrs. J. W. and W. A. Thew, Samuel and Claude Humphrey, Gamill Morris, Chas. Chevrant, and Edward Sleigh; Misses Emma Humphrey, Alice Hall, Nellie Warner, Lula Jenkins, Maggie Earhart, Lizzie Gridley, and Mrs. J. W. Thew.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Charles Votaw of Wabash, Indiana, called on the COURIER last Saturday. Last summer in the dry time he bought a farm in Vernon Township because it was cheap, and he came out now to see if it is likely to be a good investment. He finds everything booming and would not sell it for twice the sum he paid for it. Indeed, he is so charmed that he returns to Indiana to sell out there, settle up, and move his family to his grand farm in Vernon. And of such is life in Cowley County.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

As Mr. Hackney was going home Friday evening he met Dr. Wells, who opened a conversation with him on the subject of his (Wells) conviction for illegally prescribing liquor. One word brought on another until finally a small war seemed inevitable, when Wells pulled out a "bull-dog" revolver, which he held on Mr. Hackney for a minute but didn't shoot off, although Mr. Hackney requested him to do so. Dr. Wells was placed under bonds of $500 to keep the peace, on Saturday.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

The Walnut Township primary was held Saturday and the following persons were elected delegates to the County convention: J. L. King, M. A. Graham, S. E. Burger, S. Cure, H. W. Stubblefield. The alternates were as follows: T. A. Blanchard, Joel Mack, C. E. Metzger, Chas. Wilson, J. C. Roberts. A resolution was passed instructing these delegates to assist in the election of the delegates to the State Congressional Convention also.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

The Traveler, quoting from one of the COURIER correspondents, says: "Inasmuch as Mr. Meech has had fifty years experience in sheep raising, we believe that his advice is worth heeding. He has befriended the flock owners many times with his articles in the COURIER." Mr. Meech is perhaps one of the best posted men on sheep raising in Kansas.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

There was only 219 acres of winter wheat sown in Otter Township last fall, and 2,381 acres of corn this spring. There is 7,225 bushels of old corn yet on hand. The population is 463, an increase of 74 over last year. We get the above items from Assessor Miles' books. His assessment rolls prove without an error, which is something unusual in clerical work.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Trustee Jas. S. Hill has returned the assessment rolls of Pleasant Valley Township and they are among the neatest we have seen. The report shows 3,383 acres of winter wheat this year, and 6,355 acres of corn. The township has 12,380 bushels of old corn on hand. The population is 631, a gain of 43 over last year.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Strayed! A Sorrel mare, 15 hands high, three white feet and left hind hoof cracked with cross filed, pigeon-toed in front and blind in left eye. $10 reward will be given for her return to T. R. TIMME, Winfield, Kansas.

May 8, 1882.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

MARRIED. Last Saturday a marriage license was granted to Mr. John Bowers, of Winfield, and Miss Susie Hatcher, of Plymouth. With holding the right "bower" from the start, Miss Hatcher ought to come out winner in the game. Emporia News.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

For the second time this month we've had J. Hyden Burns, and consequently a broad smile illuminates the care-worn features of our lawyers. J. Hyden's humor is irrepressible and an hour with him would cure dyspepsia of six years standing.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Mr. W. A. Nix and J. W. Miller, of Cedar Township, were in the city Tuesday and made the COURIER a pleasant call.


Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Graduating Exercises.

The Graduating exercises of the Winfield High school, on last Friday evening, were well attended and the program was very interesting. Each member of the class did well, and altogether it was a highly creditable affair. The opening prayer, by Rev. Platter, was followed by a "Greeting Song" by the class, after which the Salutatory, "Is Our Destiny in Our Own Hands?" was rendered in an excellent manner by Rose Frederick. Next was a well delivered address, "Nobility of Industry," by William Hodges, and then Leonta Gary's "Tablets of Memory," which sparkled all over with bright thoughts, left us in a pleasing frame of mind to enjoy the music which followed. Charlie Klingman's "Electricity" showed careful thought and was succeeded by a rendition rich in sentiment, "Beyond the Alps Lies Our Italy," by Ida Trezise. Hattie Andrews' "Watch" was excellently delivered as was Anna Rowland's neat rendition of "Character is Power." After music, that "Storms Strengthen the Oak," was demonstrated by Charles Ware, and then in a clear, distinct voice Haidee Trezise showed the consequences of being "Weighed and Found Wanting." Lizzie McDonald proved the necessity of constructing our characters of substantial material in "We Build Our Own Monuments." The results of "Home Influence," were shown by Rose Rounds. Then came more music, and after that "Delve Deeper," by Mary Randall, and "The Value of Books," by James Cairns. Then came the Valedictory: the farewell to school-mates and teacher, the severing of the final link that bound the class together, which was rendered in a creditable manner by Minnie Sumpter. After music was the presentation of diplomas, accompanied by words of advice and commendation, by Prof. E. T. Trimble, and with the farewell song by the class and the benediction by Rev. P. F. Jones, the exercises were ended and the class of 1882 had passed from the happy days of school life into the busy, active life of the outside world. Each member received a profusion of bouquets from appreciative friends, and deserved all the praise bestowed upon them as eager ones gathered around and congratulated them.


















Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

The Widows.

The COURIER office was last week the honored recipient of a magnificent and delicious cake crowned with a chaplet of rich foliage and gay flowers, with the compliments of the widows of Winfield, who had just been holding a May party at the residence of Mrs. Cochran. Some thirty fair and sprightly widows met and had a merry time. Mrs. Cochran was elected and crowned queen of May and a program of proceedings was carried out. An elegant supper was served and the evening was spent in social chat. The COURIER thanks them cordially for their kind notice and wishes them all long years of health, prosperity, and happiness.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

About the Fair!

The Board of Directors of the Cowley County Agricultural Association met at the COURIER editorial rooms Saturday afternoon for the purpose of organizing and getting into working order. The directors present were Messrs. J. C. Roberts. R. B. Pratt, P. M. Waite, W. A. Tipton, W. J. Hodges, S. W. Phoenix, and J. W. Millspaugh. The following officers were elected for the ensuing term.

W. A. Tipton, President.

Henry Harbaugh, Vice President.

T. A. Blanchard, Secretary.

J. W. Millspaugh, Treasurer.

W. J. Hodges, Superintendent.

The Treasurer was required to enter into a bond of $2,000 and to have the same ready for approval at the next meeting.

The following committee was appointed.

Finance: W. J. Hodges, J. C. Roberts, James Vance, J. L. Horning, James Schofield.

Printing: T. A. Blanchard, E. P. Greer, W. A. Tipton.

Grounds: W. S. Hodges, J. C. Roberts, J. W. Millspaugh.

By-Laws: W. A. Tipton, F. S. Jennings, Henry Asp.

Committee on grounds were directed to meet May 8th, 1882.

Committee on premium list, the board.

The Secretary was directed to procure a rubber stamp seal bearing the legend, "Cowley County Agricultural and Horticultural Society Seal." The Secretary was directed to publish the proceedings in all the county papers. Adjourned to meet May 26th, 1882.

T. A. BLANCHARD, Secretary.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Lodge ItemsCommunicated.

The Good Templars had one of the most pleasant meetings at their hall on last Saturday evening of any since their Lodge was organized. It was the evening for installation of officers, and they were regularly installed by Lodge Deputy, E. T. Trimble.

The officers for the ensuing quarter are:

W. C. T., Mrs. E. T. Trimble.

W. V. T., Frank W. Finch.

P. W. C. T., David C. Beach.

R. S., E. T. Trimble.

L. S., Forest V. Rowland.

R. Sec'y, Frank H. Greer.

Ass't Sec'y, Miss May Halyard.

F. Sec'y, Miss Anna Rowland.

W. T., Mrs. L. Scheffhousen.

W. Chap., Rev. J. Cairns.

W. M., James Lorton.

W. D. M., Miss Alice Dunham.

W. G., Miss Lizzie Scheffhousen.

W. Sen., M. F. Higgans.

Organist, Miss Lola Silliman.

Chorister, Mrs. H. Rowland.

Violinist, W. W. Leffingwell.

Librarian, Mrs. A. Hamilton.

After the installation the members mingled in social intercourse for some time, and were entertained with music by the choir, literary exercises, etc. Quite a large delegation from the Oxford Lodge came over in answer to a special invitation. The members of Winfield Lodge passed a few very pleasant hours with their visitors, and dispersed at a late hour feeling that "there was strength in union." The party from Oxford returned at 2 o'clock Sunday afternoon. OBSERVER.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Arkansas Valley Sheep Shearing.

Last week this association held its annual shearing at Wichita. The Arkansas Valley Wool Growers' Association has a membership of fifty, representing 30,000 sheep. David Fox, President, and Julius Junkerman, Secretary. There are 3,000 cotswolds, 10,000 thoroughbred and high grade merinos, the balance herds are owned by Fox and Askew, B. D. Hammond, A. J. Granger, A. Alexander, S. L. Riddle, W. A. Ransom, J. Junkerman, and Kirkwood and Rutan.

The sheep entered were young thoroughbred Merino or Cotswold. Fourteen merinos were entered by Fox & Askew, W. C. Woodman, W. C. Little, J. Zody, Kirkwood & Rutan. Nearly all of these were yearlings, Kansas raised. The best ram weighed 114 pounds, shearing 21-1/2 pounds. Best ewe weighed 81 pounds and sheared 18 pounds. They were owned by Fox and Askew.

Nine entries of Cotswold sheep were made by J. Junkerman, W. H. Ransom, Wm. Watkins. These were very superior sheep. They were mostly lambs and two-year-olds. They made an average of 185 pounds each, with an average fleece of fifteen pounds.

George Wilson was awarded the prize for best shearing.

This makes a good showing for Sedgwick County, showing that the sheep industry is booming in the Arkansas Valley. Quite a number of men from other States are here looking up a location to go into the sheep business. Kansas Farmer.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

The School Board, at an adjourned meeting Monday night, passed a resolution employ- ing Prof. Trimble as superintendent of schools for the ensuing year at the same terms as last year. The Board also decided to put down sidewalks around the school buildings at once. They meet this (Wednesday) evening to select the other teachers.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Real estate is still booming. Messrs. Curns & Manser on Tuesday sold the Titus farm of 480 acres south of town to F. W. McClellan for $4,600. Also W. H. Gamon purchased one of the G. N. Fowler farms of 160 acres near Little Dutch for $4,500 cash. The figures are getting up in the region of Illinois land.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Lost. A Pocket book containing money and a check. The finder will be suitably rewarded by leaving it at the Winfield Bank. WM. GATES.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Bishop Vail of Kansas preached in the Baptist Church on Tuesday evening to a large congregation. One was confirmed. His sermon was well received. He spoke of the first Baptist Church in very pleasing terms.


Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

MARKETS. Wheat is down to $1.10, corn 70 cents. Hogs keep up to $6.50. Produce, eggs, 12-1/2 cents, butter 15 cents. Green vegetables in good demand and but little coming in.


Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Messrs. Curns & Manser have charge of Manning's business during Mr. Myer's absence. The Opera House will also be under their management.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.


Her Mills and Churches, Dogs, and Gravel Beds.

Mr. Uriah Spray, trustee of Creswell Township, returned his books today (Wednesday). His enumeration shows the population of Arkansas City to be 1,356; the population of Creswell Township, outside of the city, 671, and total population of both township and city 2,027. The population of Arkansas City last year was 937, consequently the increase in the population during the year is 419. This is an excellent showing for our neighbor and we congratulate her on such substantial evidences of prosperity. The interests in the township, outside of the city, is 77. The total increase in population in both city and township is 496. The township has 2,850 acres of growing wheat, 5,089 acres of growing corn, and 8,895 bushels of old corn on hand. The township has about one dog for every five people, and only two goats. The ladies of the township made 17,175 pounds of butter during the year. Under the head of "Mines and Mining," Mr. James Hill exhibits gravel beds worth in plant $12,000, with a product of 200 tons daily worth $125. He works 12 teams and 16 men and pays out $2,000 per month for labor. Under the head of "Manufactories," are three grist mills. That of Searing & Mead, capital invested $29,000, work 9 men and grind 351 bushels per day. Wm. Speers' Mill, capital invested $7,000, grinds 250 bushels per day. M. V. Ayres' Mill, capital invested, $20,000, grinds 500 bushels per day. In the city G. Smith has a Lock Factory, capital invested $1,500, works 27 hands and works up 200 pounds brass per day. Mr. Speers also has another mill in the city, capital invested $1,000. The churches of the city are also represented. The Presbyterian Church building, worth $2,000 and 155 members. The M. E. Church building worth $3,000 and has 107 members. The U. P. Church building worth $2,500 and has [?] members.


Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882. [From Other County Papers.]


Miss Minnie Cogswell, one of the belles of Omnia Township, spent a few days last week visiting friends in Burden.

F. M. Friend, of Winfield, was in town Thursday supplying the wants of our people in the sewing machine line.

A subscription is in circulation to raise funds to build a M. E. Church house, in Burden. This is a move in the right direction, in our judgment; the more churches we have the better will be the morals of the people. It never hurts anyone to go to church.

Sam Pebler and J. S. Rash, two staunch Republicans from Upper Timber Creek, made us a pleasant call Wednesday. Mr. Rash was elected Trustee of Harvey Township, last spring, where the Democrats claimed a majority. He was on his way to Winfield with the returns of his township.

Sam Gilbert came over Monday in a linen duster and cloth slippers, to look at our country. After riding until four o'clock in the rain, he came shivering into our sanctum mildly expostulating about the weather. We loaned him an overcoat and a fan and he thought he could make the home trip in safety.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.


Bert Crapster supped at the City Hotel Sunday. It is the first visit Bert has made us for some time.

St. John for Governor and Hackney for Congress; then we're fixed, sure, in good shape.

Geo. Gardenheir drove a bunch of cows and calves to his home on Grouse Creek last week. They have been on Duck Creek, Indian Territory.

Mrs. H. W. Young and child, of Independence, have been in the city several days visiting her parents, Mr. and Mrs. V. M. Ayres.

Messrs. Scott and Topliff have the boss sheep ranche in this section of the country, with sheds and corrals for over 2,500 sheep as well as other conveniences erected at a cost of over $1,000.

Ourself and Charles H. Burgess, of Buffalo Bill's Indian Troupe, accompanied C. M. Scott to his sheep ranche last week and partook of fried bacon, strong coffee, eggs, etc., in a style that proved all hands perfectly familiar with ranching.

The gravel contract, under the live management of Mr. James Hill, still booms at the rate of over thirty cars a day. This enterprise furnishes employment, at good wages, for a large number of hands, and we hope that the contract now being filled may be but a forerunner of others in the future.

DIED. A sad occurrence transpired in the family of Mr. Ford, of this city, last Thursday, which resulted in the death of the youngest child, an infant of about two months. Mrs. Ford left the room for a few moments, in which were the infant, in its cradle, and another little child, about two years old, who was eating a slice of bread and butter. During the absence of the mother it tried to feed the baby with the bread, filling its mouth, and suffocating it. The feelings of the distressed mother upon her return at finding her baby cold in death, can be better imagined than described.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.


The Geuda Springs company are supplying water from their springs, all over the state, and giving the best satisfaction. Let her boom, if we can't have whiskey, we can have water.

Mr. Hill is now rolling out twenty-one cars of gravel a day, paying good wages, and employing a good force of men and teams. There is a prospect of enlarging the contract so as to make this a permanent institution, at least to keep it long enough to become a resident. So mote it be.

The cases of the prohibition law against the physicians came up on Tuesday morning on a motion to quash the indictment on the grounds of unconstitutionality of the section of the law under which the indictment was framed. McMullen, brother of J. C., and attorney for the defense, made a very able argument. In addition to being a pleasing speaker, McMullen had fortified himself with logic and authority, certainly making his debut with credit to himself. The court quashed the indictment on all cases on technical grounds with leave to amend.


Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: The excitement of chinch bugs and drouth has somewhat been changed to the mad-dog excitement. About ten days ago a strange dog bounding about at a mad and furious manner proved to be a fair case of hydrophobia. He tackled Bach Miller's cow with a young calf, but being too much for the dog, tossing him with her horns, she escaped the fatal bite. The dog pursued his onward course, biting several dogs and stock. He was pursued by the neighbors and killed close to Sam Phoenix. One of the dogs that was bitten by the first dog, went mad and started out on the war path, in his fury passing by Mr. Sizemore's place, biting his dog two or three snaps, went on in a north direction, passing through Hooker's placethink his dog was bittengoing on through Hooker's stockyard at dusk; do not know whether he bit any cattle or not, but fear he did. I think it would be a good warning to the people to look out for mad dogs. Shoot every dog that comes ranting around. H.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

The following is a report of Tisdale school for first month, ending May 5th, 1882. Number of pupils enrolled 38, number of pupils not tardy 25, average daily attendance 29.5 percent, of attendance 92.5. Names of pupils neither absent nor tardy: Mima Conrad, Lottie Moore, Sammie Shorter, Fred Wycoff. THIRZA DOBYNS, Teacher.


Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

DIED. Aunt Harriet Franklin, a colored woman in this city, received news of the death of her daughter, Amanda, who went to Wichita some time ago to work for Frank Williams. She choked to death Tuesday evening.

LATER: The body was brought here this morning and upon examination a bottle of oil of tansey has been found among her effects, from which enough had been taken to cause death if taken at one dose. The circumstances are of such character that the coroner has decided to hold an inquest and postmortem examination.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Vin Beckett and Jim Hill's new paper, the Black Range, comes to hand this week brighter than ever. They are making it one of the best papers in the Territory of New Mexico.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

The population of Fairview Township this year is 521, decrease of 35 under last year.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

The population of Omnia this year is 414, an increase of 10 over last.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Torrance and Vicinity.

EDS. COURIER: We would like to hear from our town each week through your columns, but it seems as though our fair ones soon grow weary of the literary field. "Aurora" used to send her spicy articles, but now is no more; "Ceres" has seemingly sunk into oblivion, so IDamongreet you, and trust that I will be able to send many articles in the future, if this finds favor in your sight.

The R. R. Officials were here last week and surveyed a land site for a switch and depot; so we are rejoicing in the hope of a grand boomboth in the upbuilding of our town and general business. All the houses are occupied, and "houses for rent" demanded.

Charlie Phenis has completed his dwelling and is snugly housed therein with his family.

The building of a M. E. Church is being talked of. Nothing could be productive or more good or speak better for the town than a good substantial church house and a goodly number of church goersthe latter, of which we can boast.

It is rumored that S. B. Sherman will start a paper in Cambridge the first of June.

A telegraph dispatch came here last Friday from Greenwood County, stating that the old gentleman Maurer was dying. Rol took the early morning train Saturday in hopes of finding his father yet alive. John was absent from home when the sad news arrived, but returned Saturday, and Sunday morning, with Henry Branson, started in answer to his father's dying call. The intelligence of Mr. Maurer's dangerous illness has struck a chord of universal sympathy in this entire community.

Mrs. Clara Goe, who has been quite sick for several weeks past, is recuperating.

Mrs. Lizzie Ferguson, of Winfield, has been in town, the guest of Mrs. Myra Wells.

N. B. Haight, our gentlemanly County Surveyor, has been in town all the weekweather bound, he says. He and P. M. Smith have, seemingly, spent the time pleasantly playing chess.

The recent rains have caused the farmers to be glad, and they have gone to work with a will, determined to have good crops this season if providence keeps smiling. But Mr. Editor, could you but have seen the disappointment depicted on the faces of our high-toned young ladies when the rain began pouring down Monday, you would have thought their future happiness depended on the sunshine of that day. The May party they had planned could not be enjoyed. One of the fair ones had to forego the pleasure of being crowned "Queen O' the May," by her royal subjects. One young lady may thank her stars that it did rain, for the other girls had a deep-laid plot to end her life by pushing her in Grouse Creek, simply because she had succeeded in gaining the admiring glances of our young minister. I accidentally heard this plot and think it my duty to warn the young lady of her enemies.

The series of meetings which have been in progress for nearly two weeks closed Wednesday without any apparent success. Mr. Brown was assisted in the meetings by Rev. Tarbot, P. E. of the M. E. Church South, and Rev. Younger. Young people's prayer meeting will meet at B. F. Goe's next Thursday evening. DAMON.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Fairview Items.

EDS. COURIER: To spend time and stationery in getting items for your paper and never seeing them appear, having only the consolation of knowing that they slumber in the waste- basket, as my last does, is no great inducement to your correspondent. But believing in the motto, "If at first you don't succeed, try, try again," I shall again attempt to send you some news from this part of Fairview.

Mr. Rogers has put up a new wire fence around his pasture and set out several hundred trees.

Levi Bramershire has built a new house.

Wm. Plunket will soon finish sowing a fine lot of millet.

R. B. Corson has built a new house and a nice cave.

R. V. Cass, a newcomer, is building a residence, breaking prairie, and fencing a 90 acre pasture with wire and cedar posts.

J. G. Anderson has completed a brand new corral and a handsome yard fence, which adds much to the appearance of the premises.

J. W. Douglass, the potato king, is still mulching potatoes.

George Stalter is busy looking after his little lambs, and his sheep are doing well.

These few items will show you that we are still alive up here, so set us down for herd-law and prohibition. C. B.

Winfield Courier, May 11, 1882.

Silverdale Splinters.

EDS. COURIER: All nature is booming. A search for a cause of complaint reveals none. Wheat promises an unusual yield in this section; market promises good. Corn crop of 1881 is up; corn crop of 1882 is also up out of the ground. Hogs are up and likely to remain; in fact, all kinds of stock bring extra prices.

While in Winfield ten days since there was heard a prolonged howl from more than one about dry weather, chinch bugs, failure of crops, etc.; while they were informed that we of Silverdale had no complaint to make about the season, it was yet too early to begin the campaign, for if the rain should come and the sun should shine, the chinch bug be by the farmer forced into a filthy grave of mud and mire, and the crops by the latter, or rather by a combination of each, be forced on to a healthy and vigorous growth, they would discover a plank in their platform that unless removed would in all probability run them adrift. We have had in quantities sufficient for the present, rain of that dashing kind that serves so well to quiet the ardor of that festive little cuss that works so vigorously at the root of one of Cowley's prominent staples.

The patrons of school district No. [# not given] organized a Sunday School April 26th by electing Mr. Norman Edwards superintendent and Miss Dora Harrington secretary. The school promises to be a success and fill a long felt need. Don't know about the "want."

The citizens of this part of the county as far as they have expressed an opinion, are pleased with the effort that is being made to have a County fair this fall, and hope for a success financially that will continue the organization and lead in the future to a yearly bringing together of the people of Cowley County that will be pleasant and profitable to all.



Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

More Herd Law. [Front Page.]

EDS. COURIER: When I came to this county eight years ago, had I known the operation of the herd law I should have looked somewhere else to settle, but as the law was only for five years and three had already passed, it would soon be over; but it almost seems like the laws of the Medes and Persiansunchangeable. However, since the discussion in the COURIER has commenced, the outlook has been a little more favorable.

Pleasant Valley Township I have looked upon as one of the townships most strongly tied to the herd law, and I have not now thoroughly canvassed the township but from what I have been able to gather, I think one-fourth of the farmers are now ready to abolish it, and another fourth would use a little exertion to fence and perhaps throw out a little of their cultivated land to rest a few years for the sake of getting the benefit of the open prairie for their increasing herds. Another fourth do not own the land they live on, but it is owned by land agents and non-residents, which is a class we are not bound to look upon as needing our sympathy as poor men. That one-fourth would vote against the abolition of the herd law as their vote would go according to the wishes of the owner. The other fourth don't see how they could live without it. They have lived on the land for the last eleven years without a rod of fence but lariat rope, nor would they have till the year 1900 without some spur to give them a start; and I can hardly see that it would be policy for the poor man to give them the advantage of the herd law much longer. I believe that the class of farmers that have been industrious and fenced their farms have some claims to protection. But the worst feature of the law is that there are no roads fenced and we cannot drive our stock to these unimproved lands without trespassing upon our neighbor's lands, and if there could be a law passed to fence public highways, or each farm to give a small strip of land to drive stock over, it would do away with many of the evils of the herd law, stock men could move their stock into the county, and in two years personal property outside of the towns would be doubled.



Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.


The Warden of the State penitentiary, Maj. Hopkins, has turned over to the State treasury $1,743 as the net profits of that institution for the month of April after paying all expenses.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.


Last week Fritz Snitzler, the great Wichita Saloonist, who catechized Hackney so beautifully, was tried before 'Squire Thomas for a violation of the prohibitory liquor law, found guilty, and fined $100 and costs. He appealed to the district court. W. W. Rupp was arrested on a similar charge, on a warrant issued by the same justice, and he will be tried on the 18th inst.


Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

School Tax.

Under the law only eight mills on the dollar of assessment can be levied for school purposes, and it takes fully that amount to keep our city schools running seven months in the year. Two years ago we had nine months school and the district got in debt and is still in debt. Besides the ordinary expenses there is need of sidewalks and other improvements on the school grounds. But neither improvements nor debts can be paid except out of that 8 mill tax. If we could raise a tax of 10 mills, we could make the improvements, pay the debts, and still keep up the seven months school. There is only one way to do all this, which is to make the improvements by going into debt, bond the debts, and then raise a two mill tax to pay the bonds. This would be a round about way to raise a ten mill tax for school purposes, but it needs to be done.


Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.


We employed a stenographer to report the closing plea of Senator Hackney in the case of State vs. Cole with the view of publishing it this week in case that the speech and the circumstances were such that we thought proper to do so. As the jury did not agree on a verdict and the case must be tried again, we omit the speech for the present, for it is our rule to abstain from publishing the arguments used to establish the guilt or innocence of the accused until the case is finally adjudicated, as tending to prejudice the case on its final hear- ing. Our rule does not forbid us to state the names of the parties, the crime charged, the circumstances and rumors concerning the matter, the evidence offered, and all the proceed- ings in the case, all these as matters of news of interest to our readers. In this case a young man called on us and used a covert threat of paying us and Hackney off in some fearful way if we published the speech, and our curiosity to find out what the consequences would be, about determined us to publish it at once in violation of our rule, but another man, a gentle- man whose character and opinions we highly respect, requested us to omit the publication, and this restored our balance again.

But we want it distinctly understood that we shall publish whatever in our judgment ought to be published, even if we do have to make perambulating arsenals of ourselves. We have in our office an old rusty sword of Coronado's time which has already done some execution in such cases, and we have many other instruments of torture. We know where we can get two field pieces, sixty revolvers, a dozen bowie knives, and other varieties of war- like implements besides a dozen fighting editors. We can keep our office force well drilled, keep sentinels posted around our office and dwellings, and have a body guard whenever we walk out, and we shall publish what we please. Heretofore the junior has done more than his proportion of the fighting for this office, and the senior, being in all cases equally to blame and in many cases, as in this article, only to blame, requests the privilege of expiating his proper share of the offenses of the COURIER.

We do not believe that there are any assassins hereabouts, but we do believe that there are a few mean and degraded individuals in this community. The painter who was hired to paint and post in a public place low caricatures of an attorney employed to prosecute alleged violations of the prohibitory law, and the parties who hired him to do it, whoever they are, the men who have bulldozed and threatened jurymen and witnesses, who have threatened shooting, killing, and pursued a general system of intimidation in aid of the M. D.'s charged with prescribing in violation of law, should be investigated and if there are any such, as we are compelled to believe, should be exposed to the contempt of all law-abiding people.

If these accused physicians are innocent of the charges against them, it would be an outrage to convict them, and we earnestly desire their acquittal. In such case they are only the victims of unfortunate appearances and circumstances which have caused them much trouble and expense, but with the various and complex difficulties in the way of getting in evidence against them the danger of their unjust conviction is reduced to a minimum. If they are guilty, justice and the well being of society requires their conviction and punishment, and any bulldozing which they or their friends indulge in, will and ought to prejudice their cases.


Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.


In the convention last Saturday the motion to instruct for Hackney for Congressman at large, was greeted with tremendous and prolonged applause and was carried without a dissenting voice. When, after being sent for, he was brought in, the applause and cheering was renewed. When it had subsided, Mr. Hackney made a short speech, thanking the convention for the high compliment and marks of confidence it had bestowed on him, and remarked that if he was nominated for Congress, he should be as surprised as anybody, but should go to work for his state and section with a will, that one of the things he should try to do would be to demolish the Chinese wall in the Indian Territory which prevents Kansans from getting at their best markets in the south and the southern seaboard by preventing the construction of railroads through the Territory.


Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.


Col. Dave Payne is coming into notice again. It is given out that with ten wagons and sixty-five men from Wichita and Wellington, he has crossed the Kansas line at Caldwell en route to Oklahoma. He will be joined by fourteen wagons and fifty-five men from Parsons, and if attempts are made to remove the invaders, they will claim to be on government land and raise the question of title. If the title is in the United States, as Payne claims, it does not follow that anyone may settle on these lands. The military reservations are government lands, but Payne may not settle on them because Congress has not opened them for settlement. For the same reason Oklahoma is not open for settlement, and Dave Payne has no more right there than on a military reserve. We think Payne will get fired out again, but the poor fellows who follow him are those who will suffer the losses. Payne will make money out of it.


Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.


The district court adjourned on Monday, having been in session three weeks. We hear some complaints that most of the time of the court was taken up with the doctors' cases and that in them nothing was accomplished but the running up of a bill of expense. Four of the doctors were acquitted, one was convicted and granted a new trial and continued, and one was continued because the jury failed to agree. The results of the session were very unsatis- factory to the people, the bar, and the court, but if there was any blame, we are not yet prepared to locate it. We know one thing which is that the judge came here after a continuous six week's work without interruption in other counties, that these were a new kind of case, involving many unfamiliar points of law, and that the judge studied day and night to so inform himself on the new phases developed so as to be sure to make correct decisions. We know that all this arduous work had worn him about out and that he ought not to have held such a court without having a week's vacation and relaxation. The fact is that there is too much work in this district at present for any one judge, and 100,000 inhabitants in six counties is too great a district anyway. The average population of the Kansas districts is 58,600, some of them less than 50,000, but this district has almost a double portion. We have no doubt that the judge would have moved business off much faster had he been fresh from a vacation. We cannot give the cost in figures and the results until next week. We intend to inquire into the matter to discover what was wrong and what the remedy.


Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.


We are told that there is great complaint in some quarters, charging that the prosecutions of several physicians charged with prescribing intoxicating drinks in violation of law is a political move got up only for the persecution of Democrats. It is stated that only Democratic physicians are interfered with, etc. Dr. Wells, they admit, however, is an exception; but they say he is an enemy of Hackney, which is the reason he was classed as a Democrat.

Now we have known Dr. Wells, not only as a Republican, but as a friend of Hackney up to the time the Doctor was arrested, and we have known Dr. Headrick many years and have always understood him to be a Republican. Dr. Cole and Dr. Fleming are all whom we have known as Democrats, who have been proceeded against here. If the object was to persecute Democrats, Dr. Davis would have been the first one to strike at, for he is the most powerful and influential Democrat of the whole lot.

Now, we do not see what anyone in this county wants to persecute Democrats for. They are generally good fellows, some of them are very popular, and none of them are politically dangerous in a county which has eleven hundred Republican majority. We do not observe any ill feeling towards the Democrats. They are patronized in business by Republicans just as well as are Republicans. Who ever refused to employ or trade with Judge McDonald, or John B. Lynn, or A. T. Spotswood, because they are Democrats? Who refuses to eat dinner at the Brettun because the proprietors are Democrats? H. S. Silver sells just as many seeds as though he was a Republican, and the whole community seems just as friendly to Demo- crats as Republicans, and would resent an outrage on one just as strongly as the other. Some of our most valued friends are Democrats, and the thought of discrimination outside of politics never entered our mind.


Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.


The Courant of last Tuesday contains a long rambling editorial of two columns under the above head, which properly condensed would read about as follows.

The several cases against physicians tried at the term of court just closed cost the county at least $1,500, yet no one was convicted and sentenced, tho everyone of them was terribly guilty. The law drives out the saloons and therefore the drugstores are low tippling saloons and the doctors are their foils. The witnesses against the doctors would not tell the truth, and therefore there was no evidence against the accused presented to the juries, and the juries could not have rightfully convicted. The attorneys for the State did all that could be done and are the peers of any lawyers in Southern Kansas. The Judge favored the prosecution and is one of the strongest supporters of the law. If the witnesses had told the truth, the result would have been the same for in other counties where four witnesses have sworn distinctly to a specific violation of this law, the jury has, in violation of their oaths, refused to convict. There are cities in the state where the law is absolutely a dead letter, and in general the officers of the law are powerless to enforce this law. There is no other law which is met by such a state of affairs and therefore the prohibition law is wholly bad, totally depraved, and should be repealed at once.

Now we take issue with some of the above doctrines of the Courant. We do not believe that all the drug stores are low tippling saloons, all the physicians their foils, the witnesses all perjurers, and jurymen ditto. We do not believe there is anything in this law that will make a perjurer of a truthful man. We do believe that we have honorable, conscientious, law abiding druggists and physicians. We do not believe that these prosecutions have cost the county $1,500. But if it is a fact that some druggists or physicians are violating the law, they should be prosecuted just as often as any evidence could be found against them at whatever necessary costs. This law is just like any other law that prohibits practices to make money which have heretofore been tolerated. The Missouri law to prohibit gambling meets with the same difficulties in enforcement. There are cities in Missouri in which the gambling fraternity rule and the law is a dead letter. In that state, witnesses and jurymen perjure themselves, lawyers and newspapers rant about the odiousness of the law and the impossibility of its enforcement, the gamblers and their friends threaten and bulldoze and browbeat witnesses and jurymen and attorneys, and weak, timid men and politicians fear the law is a failure and ought to be repealed. Similar scenes have followed the lately enacted Ohio laws to prevent keeping saloons open on Sunday and some other restrictions such as we had in our former "dram shop act." It does not follow that these laws are bad or ought to be repealed, but it does show a bad state of morals and the necessity of stringent laws, made as perfect as possible, and that these laws should be enforced as far as possible.


Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.


EDS. COURIER: Quite a number of persons both in the country and in Winfield, who are desirous of seeing the office of county superintendent filled by a competent person, are favorable to the nomination of Mrs. W. B. Caton. Mrs. Caton has been a very successful teacher in the Winfield schools for several years. Before this she had a wide experience as teacher both in country and city schools. All who know her recognize the fact that she possesses the decision of character and the administrative ability necessary for success and efficiency in this office. While we would not urge Mrs. Caton for this office because she is a woman, yet this ought not to stand in her way. When there are so few ways in which the public can reward the women who so nobly serve us as teachers and as public-spirited citizens, they ought to have at least an even chance for an office for which many of them are qualified, and which many women throughout the state are filling successfully. By far the largest part of our teachers are ladies, and the nomination of Mrs. Caton by our Republican convention would be a graceful recognition of their services by a party which is not in the habit of letting unreasonable prejudice stand in the way of doing a good thing. VERNON.


Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Jacksonville, Florida, is under 3 feet of water and the river is still rising.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

An attempt was made a few nights ago to assassinate Gov. Overton of the Chickasaw Indian Nation, by firing into his house. A squad of Indian military followed the trail of the party that did the shooting and overtook one of them named Starrs and killed him.


Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Mrs. Frank Williams was in the city Monday.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Mr. J. W. Millspaugh was in the city Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Judge Tipton disposed of a large amount of business Monday.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Judge A. O. Bassett of Lawrence was in this city last week.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

The law firm of Hackney & McDonald has been dissolved by mutual consent.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Frank Manny was on the street Tuesday. He is pretty lame, but able to be about.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Mrs. J. L. Horning and Miss Belle Roberts are spending a month at Geuda Springs.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Mr. E. P. Kinne came down from Kansas City Saturday and spent Sunday with us.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Prof. Gridley came down from Douglass Tuesday, having finished his school there.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Harry B. Snyder, of Snyder & Holmes paper house, St. Louis, spent Sunday in the city.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

BIRTHS. Born to Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Lynn, a daughter. Also to Mr. and Mrs. Q. A. Glass, a son.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

The Episcopals cleared $60 at their ice cream and strawberry festival.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

The Misses Millington have gone to Newton to attend the Masonic ball and banquet to be given at that place.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Judge Torrance granted Dr. Wells a new trial and his case will come up again at the next term of court.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Ben Herrod was appointed City Marshal for the coming year Monday evening and confirmed by the council.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

The Presbyterian social Friday evening was greeted with the usual Presbyterian success. The receipts were $120.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

The increase over decrease in population of the townships on which returns have been made up to this time is 1,744.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

The rating committee of the Board of Underwriters have been in the city rating our property for the past few days.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Mr. Lincoln Sykes, a brother of our foreman, came in from Pennsylvania last week and will visit in Winfield for some weeks.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Dr. Cooper has been spending several weeks at the Medical College at Cincinnati, Ohio, He will return home about the 20th of this month.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

The jury in the Tucker-Green assault and battery case were out thirty-six hours and on Monday returned a verdict for $250 damages.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Mr. D. Eastman and Robt. White were in town Wednesday as witnesses in the Cronk- Constant difficulty, which was up before 'Squire Soward.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Mr. Chas. C. Black returned from Illinois Saturday. He left Mrs. Black at Leavenworth, but will return soon and take her to Illinois to spend the summer.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Rev. Thompson, of Baltimore, called Tuesday. It is the first time we have seen him since his severe illness. He is much improved but not in good health.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

A beautiful 12 stop mirror top parlor organ with two full set reeds for only $60.00. A liberal discount for cash. Inquire of Ed. Farringer at Conservatory of music.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Mr. M. L. Martin brought us a beautiful bouquet of roses and ferns from his home in Vernon Township last week. He has a very fine collection of flowers and shrubbery.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Mrs. Millington returned from Las Vegas, New Mexico, last Friday morning. She was accompanied by her daughter, Mrs. J. E. Saint and children, who will remain five or six weeks in this city.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

The Young People's Park College Society will give their first social in the Lecture room of the Presbyterian Church Thursday evening, May 18th. Doors open at 7 p.m. Admission five cents.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Miss McCoy had a private parlor concert with her pupils Monday evening. A good many were present, and the performances fully sustained Miss McCoy's excellent reputation as a music teacher.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

The folks about Pleasant Valley will have a grand dance at Grange Hall on the evening of July 4th. Both the old and young folks on Posey Creek believe in having a good time whenever opportunity offers.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

There were four marriage licenses issued during the three weeks Court has been in session, and eight divorces granted. It seems that the tendency to "unhitch" is over-balancing the tendency to "hitch."

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

The A. T. & S. F. Road has made a half fare rate for all persons desiring to attend the Congressional Convention at Emporia on the 24th of this month. The half fare tickets will be sold on the 22nd, 23rd, and 24th.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Mr. and Mrs. Platter left last week for an extended trip through the east. They stopped at Wichita, Newton, and Topeka on their way, Mr. Platter filling the pulpit in Topeka both morning and evening on last Sunday.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Mr. Jas. S. Rothrock, Seeley's enterprising merchant, made us a pleasant call Friday. J. S. is one of the brightest young men of our acquaintance and will work up a good business for the Seeley store if anyone can do it.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Frank Finch has resigned his position as deputy sheriff and will hereafter devote his exclusive attention in gathering in the dividends accruing to the successful execution of the duties of constable for the City of Winfield. That's right.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Uncle John Wallace, the veteran war horse of the Grouse Valley, is one of the eight delegates to the State convention. Cowley has few truer or better men than Mr. Wallace, and his counsel and advice on matters of public importance has always proved sound.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Judge Tipton was elected Judge pro tem by the bar Saturday and held court Monday. The Judge presides over the refractory gentlemen below with dignity and grace, and his prompt and effective manner of dealing with points of law shows him to be possessed of a well balanced legal mind.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

MARRIED. Judge T. H. Soward and Libbie E. Smith will be married Thursday evening at 5 o'clock at the Baptist Church. There are no special invitations so Mr. Soward's friends can all have an opportunity to observe his transition from the peaceful role of bachelor to the more onerous one of head of the family.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Messrs. C. H. Connell and Sam Davis were admitted to the bar Monday. M. G. Troup, one of the examining committee, made a speech in which he spoke very highly of the candidates' qualifications and pointed out the course that young lawyers should pursue in order to succeed in the profession.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

The Board of Education met last week and selected as teachers for the coming term the following persons: Misses Bryant, Gibson, Hamil, Klingman, Rose Rounds, Ella Kelly, and Mrs. Caton and Mrs. Trimble. There were several applications which were not acted upon but left over to the next meeting. The board will meet again next Monday.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

DIVORCED. Monday was "divorce day" in the district court. The bonds of matrimony existing between Lydia A. Tharp and Newton Tharp were dissolved and Lydia was given the custody of a minor child. Mr. and Mrs. Biggs were also declared "off." Mr. and Mrs. Wells, who resided near New Salem, were also divorced. Mrs. Ennis was given a divorce from her husband, likewise Mrs. Lillie Cooper.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

A Pleasant Party.

On last Thursday evening Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson entertained a large company of their young friends at their elegant residence, which they have been fitting up with new paper of a very beautiful and expensive pattern. Having the carpets up in the parlors, it was considered a good time to give a party and take the opportunity to indulge in a dance. The evening was just the one for a dancing party, for although "May was advancing," it was very cool and pleasant, and several hours were spent in that exercise, after which an excellent repast consisting of ice cream, strawberries, and cakes was served, and although quite late the dancing continued some hours, and two o'clock had struck ere the last guest had linger- ingly departed. No entertainments are more enjoyed by our young folks than those given by Mr. Robinson and his estimable wife. We append a list of those persons on this occasion: Misses Jackson, Roberts, Josie Bard, Jessie Meech, Florence Beeny, Jennie Hane, Kate Millington, Jessie Millington, Scothorn, Margie Wallis, Lizzie Wallis, Curry, Klingman, McCoy, Berkey; Mr. and Mrs. George Rhodes, Mr. and Mrs. Jo Harter, Mrs. And Dr. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Bahntge, Mr. and Mrs. George Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Hunt; Messrs. W. A. Smith, C. C. Harris, Charles Fuller, Lou Zenor, James Lorton, Lovell Webb, Sam E. Davis, Eugene Wallis, C. H. Connell, Dr. Jones, Campbell, Ivan Robinson, W. C. Robinson.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

A Big Picnic.

The A. O. U. W. Society of Winfield are making arrangements for a grand basket picnic in Riverside Park, May 25th. Twenty-five neighboring lodges have been invited, special trains will be run, and a general good time indulged in. The following committees have been appointed.

Devotional exercises: Revs. Platter and Cairns.

Reception: J. S. Mann, W. R. Davis, J. F. McMullen, C. A. Bliss.

On grounds: Wm. Hodges, A. B. Snow, B. F. McFaden, John Burroughs, S. G. Gary, Wm. Caton, T. J. Harris, D. Dix.

On music: W. C. Carruthers, B. F. Wood, G. S. Manser, Chas. Green.

On Finance: B. M. Legg, A. D. Hendricks, J. N. Harter, D. L. Silvers.

On invitations: E. T. Trimble, W. J. Hodges, G. F. Corwin.

On Printing: A. B. Sykes.

The committees are hard at work perfecting arrangements, and intend making this a memorable event in the history of their Society.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

The Poison Case.

In the case of the colored girl, Amanda Franklin, who died at Wichita last week, the coroner's jury returned a verdict to the effect that she came to her death from the effects of oil of Tansey procured for her by one Thos. Mills. A post mortem examination was held by Drs. Emerson, Davis, Wells, and Wilson, which disclosed the fact that the girl had been in a delicate condition for about two months, and also that she had taken a very large dose of oil of Tansey. The circumstances seem to indicate that young Mills was the cause of her trouble and had got her the medicine. Mills is under arrest at Wichita.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

The Whiskey Cases.

The jury in the Cole case, after being out nearly two days, failed to agree and were discharged. The jury stood seven for conviction and five for acquittal. The cases against Wells, Holland, Headrick, Cole, Thompson, and Shepard were continued until next term.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Pioneer Picnic.

The old pioneers of Vernon Township will meet at Vernon Center on next Saturday evening at 7 o'clock, to arrange for a grand picnic reunion in the near future.


Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Council Proceedings.


Council met in regular session and was called to order by Mayor Troup. The following officers answered to the call of the roll: Councilmen Read, Gary, and Wilson, and City Clerk.

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved.

An ordinance relating to the storing of powder within the City limits was read, and on motion was referred to the Committee on Fire Department and City Attorney for modification and revision.

Petition of J. A. Case and others for the construction of a four foot stone sidewalk on the West side of Block No. 71 was read, and on motion of Mr. Read, the prayer of the petition was granted and the attorney was instructed to prepare an ordinance in accordance therewith.

The Committee on Finance reported that they had examined the reports of Treasurer for month ending April 15th, and of Police Judge for March, and found them correct. Report adopted.

Report of retiring Marshal, True, of Dog tax collected was read and placed on file.

The following bills were allowed and ordered paid.

R. H. True, Marshal salary, one day: $1.50

Thomas Wright, rent room election: $2.00

H. L. Thomas, crossings and culverts: $84.30

Bill of C. W. Nichols and J. W. Hipps for street work, $17.50, was referred to the Committee on Streets and Alleys.

Councilman McMullen then came in and the Council went into executive session.

Mayor Troup appointed Benj. F. Herrod Marshal for the ensuing year. On motion of Mr. Gary, the Council confirmed the appointment.

Council adjourned to meet on Tuesday night, May 22nd, 1882.

M. G. TROUP, Mayor.

Attest: DAVID C. BEACH, City Clerk.


Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

W. A. Lee received one of the Gaar Scott engines and separators last Saturday for John Davis and Bros., of Vernon Township. It was unloaded, driven up through the streets, and created quite a commotion. The idea of an engine running along the road without horses and pulling a threshing machine was rather novel, to say the least. After going about through the streets for awhile the engine started for Vernon Township followed by a large procession of farmers. It pulled across the west bridge and up the hill on the opposite side without trouble. Mr. Hess of Vernon engineered the "iron horse." We wonder what the mechanical ingenuity of man will invent next?

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

We are in receipt of a circular announcing that Sells Bros.' Mammoth Aggregation and Congregation of Stupendous and extraordinary Attractions, in other words six enormous railroad shows in one, will visit Winfield soon and furnish a day of amusement for our people. Sells Brothers have fairly outdone their former exploits in the variety and interest of their canvass shows this season. At Topeka and Kansas City hundreds were turned away and could not gain admittance.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

MARRIAGE LICENSES. The matrimonial market has not been so very active during the past week. There were four licenses issued to the following named parties.

Benjamin Helstand and Georgia Mayse, aged respectively 36 and 17.

Wm. H. Galbreth and Louisa A. Elms, aged 20 and 23.

John Broomfield and Susan Jarvis, aged 47 and 37.

Jacob C. Madsen and Malinda C. Riley, aged 34 and 29 years.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Louis P. King, of Beaver, brought us May 16th a small bundle of wheat which measures 5 feet 3 inches tall and is so slim and straight as to show that it must stand extremely thick in the field. He has a field of 25 acres standing over four feet high, as thick as it can stand and very even. If any man can beat Louis P. King and Beaver Township, it is time he came to the front.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

John Crenshaw returned from Kansas City last week. He brought back with him the finest short-horn bull that has ever seen Kansas soil. The bull is "Clinton Duke," is twenty months old, and weighs about 1,600 lbs. He was bred by W. H. Renick, and John bought him from the Hamilton's.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Wheat is worth $1.15 again. Hogs $6.25 to $6.50. Corn is in but light demand and is worth on the street 70 cents. A good deal of country produce is coming in.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Esq. N. J. Larkin of Richland, with his father-in-law, Mr. Knapp of Columbus, Ohio, who is visiting in this county, came to town recently. Mr. Knapp is 82 years old and is quite vigorous.


Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.


The Solons Meet in Conclave and Elect Delegates to the District and State Conventions.

An Ovation to Senator Hackney.

The convention met promptly at 11 o'clock a.m., and was called to order by D. A. Millington, Chairman of the County Central Committee, who read the call under which the convention met. On motion of T. H. Soward, H. D. Gans was elected temporary chairman and J. V. Hines, temporary secretary. On motion committees were appointed as follows.

Credentials: G. H. Buckman, P. M. Waite, Harvey Smith, John Wallace, and Frank Akers.

Permanent Organization: S. Matlack, N. W. Dressie, R. M. Patten, S. Phoenix, and W. M. Sleeth.

To select delegates to conventions: D. A. Millington, Justus Fisher, Sam Burger, Oscar Wooley, and P. A. Lorry.

On motion convention adjourned, to 1:30 p.m. On reassembling committee on credentials reported as follows.

MR. CHAIRMAN: We, your committee on credentials, report the following delegates and alternates from the various townships as entitled to seats in this convention.

Winfield City, 1st Ward, Delegates: J. E. Conklin, G. H. Buckman, D. A. Millington, Geo. F. Corwin, H. D. Gans. Alternates: A. H. Johnson, A. T. Shenneman, E. P. Greer, Henry Paris, James Kelly.

Winfield City, 2nd Ward, Delegates: A. B. Whiting, L. H. Webb, J. H. Finch, T. H. Soward, John Swain, W. E. Tansey. Alternates: A. H. Green, M. L. Robinson, Jas. H. Bullen, O. H. Herrington, J. L. Horning, M. B. Shields.

Sheridan Township, Delegates: D. A. Pfrimmer, C. G. Graham, Levi Anier. No alternates.

Walnut Township, Delegates: S. Cure, J. L. King, H. W. Stubblefield, S. E. Burger, M. A. Graham. Alternates: C. Wilson, T. A. Blanchard, Geo. Youle, Joel Mack, C. Metzger.

Omnia Township, Delegates: J. C. Stratton, E. M. Henthorn. No alternates.

Silver Creek Township, Delegates: Harvey Smith, T. P. Carter, J. M. Clover, J. M. Hooker. No alternates.

Creswell Township, Delegates: G. S. Rorick, W. M. Sleeth, Theo. Fairclo, R. H. Reed, Uriah Spray, W. H. Speers, S. Matlack. Alternates: A. Dunn, O. J. Pickering, J. Barnett, RR. J. Maxwell, Chas. France, J. L. Huey, John Williams.

Dexter Township, Delegates: John Wallace, H. C. McDorman, J. V. Hines, S. McKibbens. Alternates: C. W. Barnes, C. A. Walker, A. J. Truesdell, R. C. Nicholson.

Maple Township, Delegates: S. F. Gould, G. C. Edgar. Alternates: W. B. Norman, S. L. Dougherty.

Cedar Township, Delegates: N. W. Dressie, Fisher. No alternates.

Harvey Township, Delegates: John Denton, James Hickman. No alternates.

Vernon Township, Delegates: P. M. Waite, Thos. Thompson, W. L. Homes, H. O. Wooley. No alternates.

Bolton Township, Delegates: P. A. Lorry, R. M. Hatton, A. A. Clark. Alternates: J. C. Coulter, S. F. Bowers, John Lunton.

Tisdale Township, Delegates: Tom Walker, John Ingraham, H. McKibben. No alternates.

Richland Township, Delegates: J. R. Thompson, C. F. McPherson, S. W. Phenix, Dan'l. Maher, L. B. Stone. No alternates.

No delegates having been elected in Rock Township, we recommend that W. H. Grow, Alex Limerick, and Frank Akers cast the vote of Rock Township in this convention.

We further recommend that J. B. Nipp cast the vote for R. H. Reed, that C. M. Scott cast the vote for U. Spray, and Calvin Swarts cast the vote for W. M. Speer for Creswell Town- ship in this convention, those delegates and their alternates being absent.

Pleasant Valley Township having elected no delegates, we recommend that Henry Forbes, S. A. Sparks, J. Camp, and H. Harbaugh cast the vote of that township in this convention.

Also, Liberty Township, having elected no delegates, we recommend that Justus Fisher, H. C. Catlin, and C. W. Frith cast the vote of Liberty Township in this convention.

We further find that B. H. Clover was authorized by Windsor Township to cast the full vote of Windsor Township in this convention.

G. H. BUCKMAN, Chairman.

The report was adopted.

The committee on permanent organization reported as follows.

For Chairman, P. M. Waite of Vernon. For Secretary, J. V. Hines of Dexter.

The report of the committee was adopted and Mr. Waite took the chair.

The committee to select and report the names of delegates and alternates to the District and State Conventions, reported as follows:

Delegates to the 3rd District Convention at Emporia, May 24th: D. A. Millington, Winfield; A. B. Elliott, Dexter; P. M. Waite, Vernon; C. L. Swarts, Creswell; H. W. Stubble- field, Walnut; Dan Maher, Richland; S. M. Fall, Windsor; Sampson Johnson, Prairie Valley. Alternates: S. P. Strong, Rock; Justus Fisher, Liberty; W. B. Norman, Maple; Wm. White, Fairview; S. W. Chase, Tisdale; H. H. Martin, Ninnescah; M. S. Teter, Beaver; J. M. Hooker, Omnia.

Delegates to State Convention at Topeka June 28th: C. R. Mitchell, M. G. Troup, C. M. Scott, M. L. Robinson, John Wallace, R. L. Walker, J. E. Conklin, H. D. Gans. Alternates: Henry E. Asp, J. B. Tucker, John M. Harcourt, J. B. Evans, R. F. Burden, N. W. Dressie, W. P. Heath, T. H. Soward, H. C. McDorman.

On motion the delegates to Emporia were instructed to cast their votes for Hon. Thos. Ryan, for Congress. The delegates to the State Congressional convention were instructed to cast the vote of the delegation for Hon. W. P. Hackney for congress at large, and to use all honorable means to secure his nomination. On motion of T. H. Soward a committee was appointed to inform Mr. Hackney of the action of the convention, and bring him to the hall. On motion a committee was appointed to inform Mr. Ryan of the action of the convention. There being a lull in business, John Wallace, Esq., of Dexter, was called upon to make a speech but declined. Speeches were made by T. H. Soward and T. H. Rude. The committee now appeared with Mr. Hackney, who was introduced, and made a short speech amid great enthusiasm, after which three rousing cheers were given for Hon. W. P. Hackney.

The Convention decided that the members of the County Central Committee should also be the committeemen for the representative districts in which they reside. Also that the central committee be instructed to call but one more convention for the selection of delegates to the State convention and selection of candidates for County officers.


Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Torrance and Vicinity.

DIED. Mr. Maurer died Sunday, May 7, at Martindale's, in Greenwood County. Roe arrived in time to see his aged father alive, but when John got there the old gentleman was a corpse. He was buried on Monday last. No recent death has caused more deep sorrow and sympathy for the bereaved ones than that caused by the sad news of Mr. Maurer's demise.

Notwithstanding the recent cold and frosty weather, we farmers are busy plowing corn. Some fields of corn in the valley are growing nicely, others seem to have the appearance of being frost bitten.

Our M. D.'s seem to think that the health of the community is "distressingly healthy."

A house is being moved off from Valley street onto Main street today. It is to be fitted up for a flour and feed store.

Mr. Elliott, of the firm of Bullington & Elliott, will erect a new flouring mill here soon.

There is also talk of a woolen factory being put in here. There is no better place for the erection of steam mills than in our beautiful and fertile Grouse Valley.

Henry Dyer came over from Cambridge Sunday to see his "best girl," and in attempting to jump the passing train Monday A. M., fell and was pretty badly bruised. We don't know why Henry committed such a rash act, unless his girl gave him the G. B., and he suddenly grew tired of life.

Mrs. Storms has gone east to visit relatives and friends. Dan wanders up and down the streets as if looking for something. I suppose it is a wife.

Nearly every class of person, even to a woman, has been spoken of as a candidate for County Superintendent, but a poet. I modestly suggest the name of "Horatius." His burst of poetic eloquence in your last issue, Mr. Editors, proves his competency to fill the office. More anon. DAMON.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Grouse Valley Items.

I will try and pen you a few items from our locality. Health is splendid and farmers happy over the present prospect of a good crop of everything. The people are busy making preparations for an early harvest.

BIRTH. Mr. and Mrs. Henry Branson have a new boy at their house. It is a boy of average weight, and Henry is more smiling than ever.

Mr. L. B. Bullington has just completed an addition to his residence.

Miss Mollie Daniels of lower Grouse is visiting the family of Mr. John Reynolds.

Grandma Asbury has returned from her visit to Eldorado and reports a pleasant time while gone.

The Baptist quarterly meeting closed Sunday. They had a lively meeting. Rev. Henderson from Winfield was present. His cheerful and pleasant disposition enlivens the spirits of the people wherever he goes.

We were pained to learn of the death of Uncle Jonas Maurer, an old and respected citizen of this neighborhood. He died at the home of his daughter in Greenwood County. The fam- ily and relatives have the sympathy of the entire community in this their sad bereavement.

News is scarce, everybody is busy, and there is no time for gathering up items. If it hadn't been for the killing of Jesse James, news would be scarce in all the papersuntil the hanging of Guiteau. SUBSCRIBER.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

New Salem.

Bright, beautiful May, we greet thee once again. Sunshine and showers alternately mingle and the prairies are all clothed with verdant grass, waving wheat, and oats, or the bright green of the new corn appears to cheer the heart and delight the eye.

Some few changes occur in our beautiful neighborhood. We will not say "city" and deceive strangers.

Mrs. Watt has gone to Ohio to attend to her son-in-law, who is seriously ill.

Mrs. Bovee is improving slowly. But if energy and ambition, which are very commendable, help one to recover rapidly, she will soon be walking again. Mr. Bovee is getting ready to field his broom corn.

Messrs. Walker, Tull, and Gardner each have a nice pasture fenced with wire.

Mrs. Buck is convalescent, yet it may be some time ere she will cheer us with her helpful presence in the Sunday school.

Alas for Mr. McMillen's cistern! The late rains almost filled it, but like many of our fondest hopes it proved a delusion, the water vanished. Where! Oh where!

A young man from Grenola is staying with Mr. Edgar.

Mr. Will Christopher is training young ideas in the Crooked Elm schoolhouse.

School closed in Prairie Home schoolhouse may 12th.

Mrs. Miles intends ere long to start for Indiana to visit friends and relatives, and spend the summer months. We wish her a prosperous and pleasant time and trust she will come back with renewed health and spirits.

Mr. Causey will certainly have cabbage and tomatoes enough to treat his friends when they visit him, if nice, thrifty plants are any criterion to judge from; set out all around without limitation.

The latest departure from our social circle: Mrs. Joe E. and Miss Tirzah Hoyland, also Mr. James Doolittle. They have gone to the Geuda Springs in search of health and happiness; chiefly the former, for one can find as much happiness in Salem as Salt City, I presume.

Mr. L. F. Brown is home on a furlough from the mountains of New Mexico. He will stay thirty days and then return to his duties.

Dr. Irwin's pony took a French leave a short time ago, but he found it at its old stamping ground.

Rumor says J. J. and I. E. Johnson will put up a store in Salem and furnish it with a large stock of goods. I do not know as it is positively decided, but if it is a fact, we think they will not lack for home patronage.

Mr. J. W. Hoyland has bought a goat.

Mrs. Pixley still continues to get orders from town to make up handsome dresses.

Rev. C. P. Graham is strictly temperate, yet he continues sending a keg off to get it replenished whenever empty, but he sends it to Geuda Springs.

Olivia will dine off wild duck today, and so, dear reader, I will cease conversing with you and pay my respects to the duck. OLIVIA.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

From PoloMad DogsA Warning.

I feel it my duty to inform the readers of the danger stock and the people are exposed to in this region. Quite a number of mad dogs have been running at large, biting other dogs and stock. Mr. Miller had one hog go mad, Mr. Little a hog. Both were killed. Mr. John Shields had a calf bitten, it went mad in eighteen days after bit, laboring under great distress up until the eighth day after which it went into the regular hydrophobia fits, biting and gnawing everything in its reach. Mr. Shields, unconscious of the danger he was in, concluded he would try to feed the calf as it had not eaten anything for four or five days, commenced poking feed in its mouth with his hand, the calf bit his thumb enough to draw blood, being excited. It set Mr. Shields studying whether or not the bite would poison him. He imme- diately went over in Grouse Creek to a Mrs. Deals, a lady who has a mad dog stone. Mrs. Deals informed Mr. Shields of no danger from the bite. H.

Winfield Courier, May 18, 1882.

Dissolution Notice.

WINFIELD, KANSAS, May 16, 1882.

The partnership heretofore existing between the undersigned, under the firm name of Hackney & McDonald has this day been dissolved by mutual consent. Mr. McDonald succeeds to the business of every kind and character of the late firm, and assumed all the liabilities and duties resting on said late firm. All persons interested will take notice and govern themselves accordingly. W. P. HACKNEY, J. WADE McDONALD.