[Starting with Thursday, April 20, 1882.]


Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

The Supreme Court of this State has recently rendered a decision in the case of E. S. Bedilion vs. the Board of County Commissioners of this county. The case went upon an agreed statement of facts. The only object was to obtain a construction of the section, providing for the payment of costs, by the county, in criminal cases. This being a case involving only $5.60 and of no "political significance" was disposed of in a breath by saying the county was liable for the fees of the "Clerk of the District Court." Does the Supreme Court intend to say that the county is liable for the fees of the Clerk only? Will the balance of the 1,900 fellows throughout the State have to employ lawyers to take their case to the Supreme Court before they can get their little two dollars? Had the Supreme Court just added after the words, "the county is liable for the fees of the Clerk of the District Court" and the other persons named in section 19, laws of 1881, so that us wayfaring fellows could under- stand just what it meant, the decision, not to say court, would be entitled to some respect.


Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.


A Paper Read by Mrs. H. E. Silliman,

of Col. J. C. McMullen's Bible Class,

Sabbath Morning, April 18th, 1882.

[Put in first paragraph only. Paper very lengthy. MAW]

The name Juden, which, though in latter periods has been applied to the whole of Palestine, belonged, strictly speaking, to the southeastern part of it. Since the time of Christ the Land of Palestine has been called the Land of Israel, Judah, Judea, and the Holy Land.


Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.


The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the April term of the District Court, commencing on the 25th day of April, A. D. 1882.


1. State vs. Lewis Albright.

2. State vs. J. W. McRorry.

3. State vs. George Ousterhout.

4. State vs. H. L. Wells.

5. State vs. John Headrick.

6. State vs. John Fleming.

7. State vs. John Fleming.

8. State vs. David V. Cole.

9. State vs. Thomas H. Bassywater.

10. State vs. Charles G. Thompson.

11. State vs. W. A. Irwin.

12. State vs. Charles F. Foults.

13. State vs. Charles G. Holland.

14. State vs. Frank Manny.

15. State vs. Henry H. Causey.

16. State vs. James T. Shepard.


Mercer M. Funk vs. Cynthia Clark et al.

M. E. Bolton vs. Caroline Arnold.

M. L. Read vs. John J. Breene, et al.

Oscar F. Weeks vs. A T & S F R R Co.

Hackney & McDonald vs. Bolton and Cresswell townships.

S. S. Brettun vs. Jacob G. Titus et al.

A. H. Green vs. E. F. Widner et al.

Daniel Sheel vs. G. E. Brad et al.

C. C. Stevens vs. City of Winfield.

Harrison Harrod vs. Moses Harrod et al.

Chicago Lumber Co. vs. Bolton and Creswell townships.

Mary K. Hoyt vs. Charles G. Hoyt et al.

N. S. Burnham vs. M. O. Burnham.

John J. Clark vs. S. J. Rice et al.

S. E. Yoeman vs. C. Coleman.

Eliza Reihl vs. Joseph Likowski.

Elija Wells vs. Nancy J. Wells.

W. H. Treadway et al vs. W. C. McCormick.

Lillie S. Cooper vs. J. F. Cooper.

James C. Fuller vs. James Hardin, County Treasurer.

Mary A. Millington vs. James Hardin, County Treasurer.

Homer G. Fuller vs. James Hardin, County Treasurer.

Sarah E. Parker vs. James Hardin, County Treasurer.

Ben H. Clover vs. Robt. F. Burden et al.

First National Bank vs. L. C. Harter et al.

James Jordon vs. B. H. Clover et al.

M. L. Read vs. Wm. S. Page et al.

E. B. S. Vanostran vs. Com'r's of Pawnee County.

Ellen Scanlaw vs. Com'r's of Pawnee County.



N. B. Freeland vs. Com'r's of Pawnee County.

A. W. Miller vs. Com'r's of Pawnee County.

J. F. Troxel vs. Com'r's of Pawnee County.

W. P. Carpenter vs. C. C. Pierce et al.

Hiram Veozy vs. Wm. Frederick et al.

Hibbard A. Tucker vs. A. H. Green.

Frederick A. Foster vs. Wm. W. Whiteside et al.

M. L. Robinson vs. George Easterly et al.

John S. Johnson vs. J. M. Boyles.

Assignment of Ellen F. Stump.

Julia R. Stevens vs. Wm. H. Dinwiddie.

S. D. Skinner vs. O. C. Skinner, 2nd.

Lycurgus Scott vs. Margaret Wear.

Geo. W. Chaplin vs. John Garrabee et al.

A. Furst & Co. vs. F. T. Sanford et al.

A. J. Pyburn vs. N. W. Fitzgerald.

Missouri A. Mann vs. Adam Mann.

J. A. Cooper & Co. vs. E. J. Cooper.


J. R. Cottingham vs. James Burns.

W. H. Riggs et al vs. H. M. Stransburry et al.

D. B. Meridith vs. J. E. Dickinson et al.

Assignment of Daniel Reed.

Jacob Binkley et al vs. R. Hanlan. [3 times]

Jacob Binkley et al vs. W. Metzger.

Houghton & Speers vs. Jas. Hardin, County Treasurer.

H. Jochems vs. R. Tegart.

A. W. Goodell vs. W. Gibson et al.

Charles Hutchins vs. F. T. Sanford et al.

Thompson Wise & Co. vs. Wm. Whitney.

Ezra Bartlett vs. A. B. Steinberger.

B. A. Waldron vs. W. Warren et al.

Malvina Stocking vs. Horace Stocking.

W. C. Robinson vs. Andrew J. Cress.

John S. Parr vs. Wm. W. Ward et al.


R. P. Jennings vs. Martha J. Miller et al.

F. V. Ray vs. M. C. Ray.

W. J. H. Pallard vs. S. C. Cunningham et al.

James Jordan vs. W. D. Clark et al.

E. R. Thompson vs. Jas. T. Shepard.

A. D. Wear vs. C. E. Victory et al.

Phoney Kirk vs. Andrew Kirk.

Joel Jackson vs. R. A. Robinson et al.

C. G. Oliver vs. Malinda Clay et al.

L. C. Harter vs. H. A. Pratt et al.

W. M. Haskett vs. J. S. Hawkins.

M. L. Read vs. Flora E. Covert et al.

M. L. Robinson vs. C. C. Pierce et al.

James Biggs vs. Sarah J. Biggs.

Mary A. Loomis vs. E. P. Greer et al.

Amanda J. Hanson vs. John C. Hanson.

Mathew Chambers vs. Peter Myers.

E. Downie & Co. vs. John A. Earnest.


Joseph E. Lowes vs. Anthony Hanna et al.

Travelers Insurance Co. vs. Chas. F. Snow et al.

Travelers Insurance Co. vs. Mary E. Shriver et al.

Travelers Insurance Co. vs. Wm. W. Craile et al.

Travelers Insurance Co. vs. Geo. M. Bowen et al.

Travelers Insurance Co. vs. James E. Bunce et al.

Wm. C. Hastings vs. A. H. Sylvester et al.

Travelers Insurance Co. vs. A. A. Shock et al.

Travelers Insurance Co. vs. D. M. Harper et al.

Travelers Insurance Co. vs. Peter L. Loy et al.

Travelers Insurance Co. vs. John C. Stratton et al.

Wm. H. Hastings vs. John W. Nolte et al.

Travelers Insurance Co. vs. B. F. Strickland et al.

Travelers Insurance Co. vs. Wm. Hemphill et al.

Geo. W. Moore vs. Henry T. Jackson et al.

Travelers Insurance Co. vs. Isaac Brown et al.


Travelers Insurance Co. vs. Geo. W. Mercer et al.

Travelers Insurance Co. vs. A. B. Henthorn et al.

Winfield Bank vs. Phillip Stump et al.

Lillie L. Cooper vs. John F. Cooper.

Nelson Gunsaulis vs. Harriet Gunsaulis.

Chas. A. Hill vs. John France et al.

Moline Plow Co. vs. S. J. Sherrod.

Matilda Ennis vs. Alexander Ennis.

E. M. Gordon vs. Andrew Gordon.

A. A. Wiley vs. Harriet A. Doty et al.

Isaac White vs. James S. Gilkey.

Mary Lowes vs. Wm. Gould et al.

N. H. Banking Co. vs. E. T. Haycraft et al.

Hartford Insurance Co. vs. David Shock et al.

Nashua Savings Bank vs. A. H. Caywood et al.

F. R. Foster vs. Joseph E. Curd et al.

R. R. Conklin vs. Geo W. Wilson et al.

Jarvis, Conklin & Co. vs. Geo. R. Waters et al.


Hartford Insurance Co. vs. Mary Murray.

N. H. Banking Co. vs. Jno. M. Sargent et al.

S. M. Jarvis vs. Silas A. Berry et al.

Nashua Savings Bank vs. Robert N. Craine.

A. D. Wear vs. Hozea T. Kizer et al.

A. D. Wear vs. Henry C. Gray.

Annie S. Hamilton vs. J. W. Hamilton.

E. N. Darling vs. H. O. Meigs et al.

Edwin S. Mount vs. Henry Mount et al.

Lydia A. Thorpe vs. Newton I. Thorpe.

S. E. Schemerhorn vs. S. T. Endicott et al.

Joseph Merick vs. A. C. Williams et al.

W. C. Scranton vs. C. G. Handy et al.

Chas. C. Black et al vs. Jno. R. Smith et al.

R. C. Haywood vs. C. M. Scott.

Chas. C. Black vs. Wm. H. Richardson et al.

Geo. P. Wagoner vs. Frank W. Finch.















Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Xen Fitzgerald has been up from Red Rock, Indian Territory.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

The report comes that Augusta has twenty-five cases of small pox.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

J. S. Lytle, a citizen of Standford, Kentucky, has been looking over our town.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

There was a very pleasant select party at the residence of Mr. Frezize, Monday evening.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

D. P. Blood, of Douglass, and L. M. Blood and wife of Augusta, are stopping in the city.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

J. A. Phillips and A. T. Bush, of St. Louis, have been taking orders for their respective houses today.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

E. F. Osborn, of New York, is stopping at the Brettun and looking at Winfield with a view of locating.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Fred C. Blackmon, the new operator at the Santa Fe depot, arrived today and has been duly installed.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

DIED. W. T. Ekel, well known to many of our citizens, dropped dead in the street at Portland, Oregon, on Sunday last.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Mr. Thos. Worthington, deputy sheriff of Wyandotte County, is in the city, a guest of his kinsman, Judge Tom Howard.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Dr. Davis has moved his office into the room upstairs, just south of the telephone central office, in Myton's new building.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Warner Johnson, of Seeley, this county, received this week from Sell's Sons, large stock dealers in Canada, a thoroughbred Berkshire pig.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

W. G. Vermilye, of Chicago, came down on the Santa Fe train this forenoon, and will visit sometime with his cousins, the Vermilye brothers, of this county.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Judge McDonald has returned home from Wellington, where he lay very sick several days last week. We are glad to see that he is able to be up and around again.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

The building occupied by the English Kitchen Restaurant has been purchased by S. H. Jennings, brother of our County Attorney, from D. W. Rogers, for the sum of $2,200.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Our friend, Maxfield, of Seeley, is again in trouble. This time he is charged with choking his daughter, a young lady. There is evidently too much Saint John cider up there.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

J. P. Baden has had a telephone instrument put up at his headquarters. J. P. can now be at both of his stores at all times. Who wouldn't have a telephone and with the telephones stand.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Mr. E. House, district agent for the Burlington Insurance Co., is in the city, making his headquarters at the Brettun. Mr. House represents a good company and has a good list of risks, in this section. He visits Winfield every thirty days.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

It looks very much as though Allison was going to make his mark and redeem Sumner County. He has cleaned out the County Attorney, fixed out old De Banard, and is now after the Mayor, the Marshal, and the prostitutes of Wellington.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Mrs. Bovee, the lady who broke her leg by stepping off the sidewalk on election day, was taken to Johnny Swain's house instead of to her home in the country, as we stated. She has had the best of care and we understand is getting along nicely.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

MARRIED. At the residence of Dr. Green, in Winfield, April 17th, 1882, by Rev. J. Cairns, Mr. David Gamman and Miss Annie C. Maxfield, both of Seeley, Cowley County.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

We have at last succeeded in procuring an additional fifty foot store, fronting on Ninth Avenue and connecting with our Main store by an archway, which gives us a 150 foot store room, the largest in Southern Kansas. We will keep our new room especially for carpets, matting, window shades, curtain fixtures, and fringes. If the ladies will favor us with a call, we will show them as pretty a line of the above goods as they would find in any western city.


Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

CATTLE FOR SALE. We have one hundred three-year-old steers, and sixty two-year- old steers, nearly all of them domestics, all first-class and in good condition to take the grass, which we want to sell during the next thirty days. They are located three miles from Sedan, Chautauqua County, and can be bought in lots to suit the purchaser. For further particulars, call on us or address. P. H. Albright, at Winfield, or H. H. Albright, Sedan.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

The Kansas Queen, or Cowley County calf, was shipped over the Santa Fe today by her owner, Mr. Mullen. She will be taken off the train at Wichita for the purpose of exhibiting her and resting her up. She weighed on the Santa Fe scales this morning, we are informed by Mr. Kennedy, the railroad agent, 3,660 pounds.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

J. S. Jennings, of Wichita, and his brother, Milton Jennings and wife, of Marion, Indiana, came down to Winfield yesterday, and no doubt will become citizens of our town. Milton is President of the Indianapolis & Fort Wayne Railroad company. They are both well pleased with our town.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

It is now seasonable and fashionable to have Geuda Springs water brought over for family use. If Bob Mitchell would get the Governor to permit him to "salt" this water just enough to keep it from spoiling, he could work up a good wholesale trade in Winfield.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

A couple of ladies were examining the pictures in McInturf's show case the other day when a wag, whose name we will not divulge, pointed out to them O. M. Seward's photo as that of Jesse James, when they both exclaimed, "Oh, my, he looks just like a robber!"

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Winfield men always come out on top no matter whence they wander. From the Durango, Colorado, Herald, we learn that our old fellow townsman, O. F. Boyle (we always called him Tony), has been elected trustee of that city, leading out with the largest vote on the ticket.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

New advertisements will be found in the today's paper for the Champion Furniture House of A. B. Arment, the new grocery house of George T. Wilson, and Mrs. Fannie Buck's piano and organ store. Read them, and then call and see the advertisers.



I have opened a Grocery first door north of Lynn's, where I will sell goods as cheap at the cheapest, for cash only. A stock of Dry Goods at cost. Call and see them before they are all sold. Good delivered to any part of THE CITY FREE OF CHARGE.


Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.


6 POUNDS Levering's coffee for $1, coal oil, 20 cents; canned corn, 10 cents; beans, 10 cents, pears, 10 cents, jelly, 10 cents a glass, brooms, 20 and 25 cents; calico, 6 and 7; peaches, 15, 25, and 30 cents per can; shirting, 11; tubs, 65; oysters, 12-1/2 and 25; soap 5 cents per bar; and the best 10 cent counter ever in town.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Champion Furniture



A full line in everything usually found in Furniture Establishments. A living profit is all I ask for doing business. A car load lot just received. A. B. ARMENT.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.


I would announce to the public of Winfield and vicinity that I have secured the sole agency for the celebrated Hallet, Davis & Co., W. W. Kimball's, W. P. Emerson's Pianos, and the B. Shoninger and W. W. Kimball Organs, and would be pleased to show my goods to those wishing to purchase. Please call at my rooms at the New Bakery, at Mrs. Stump's old millinery stand, where you will find on exhibition a fine selection of the above fine toned and most popular instruments. All instruments fully warranted and prices exceedingly low. Instruments sold for cash, or time payments. MRS. FANNIE BUCK.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Now hide your cans of concentrated lye. On Monday a two-year-old child of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Smith used the contents of a can as a beverage with very unsatisfactory results. It will recover.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

J. R. Truslo, of Newton, engineer on the Santa Fe road, and wife, visited with Mr. C. D. Austin and family last Sunday. Mr. Truslo pronounces the small pox scare at Newton is a hoax.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Our new carpets are on the first floor, and the best light room in the city. Entrance on Main street or Ninth avenue. M. HAHN & CO.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Our own Judge Bard was a passenger on the train, when at Gads hill it was robbed by the James gang, and contributed his share. The Judge graphically tells the story, and says that there is no assessment that a man will pay so promptly and cheerfully as the one in which he is persuaded with a whole arsenal of guns in the hands of men in whom he has the utmost confidencethat they will shoot.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

N. R. Wilson made us glad Saturday with a bunch of nice large, tender pie-plant, picked with his own sweet hands. Just at this particular season of the year when there isn't much green stuff to take internally, such presents as this are highly appreciated. They save one the trouble of buying the herb in a powdered form.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Judge Soward has opened his office as Justice of the Peace in his old office over the Postoffice and is now ready for business. Those who want to law, should give him a call.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

From the Wellington Press we take the following proceeding of the Presbytery of Emporia, in session at Wellington.

"The presbytery of Emporia convened in the Presbyterian church of this city on last Tuesday evening. A sermon was delivered by E. P. Foster, which was followed with prayer by J. H. Ralston. A. M. Anderson, D. D., of El Dorado, was elected moderator. The presbytery then adjourned to meet Wednesday morning. Devotional exercises were held from half past eight until nine o'clock. J. H. Ralston, of Burlington, was elected stated clerk, and J. D. Hewitt, of Wichita, temporary clerk. The call from the Wellington Presbyterian church to John M. McClung was allowed to be presented to him and he was allowed to hold the call until the fall meeting of the presbytery before answering.

"Two new churches were ordered placed under the charge of the presbyteryStar Valley, near Winfield, and Mayfield, near Wellington. W. V. McCoun, of Arkansas City, a candidate for gospel ministry, was received in charge from the Crawfordsville (Indiana) presbytery. Wednesday evening, Rev. Wilson, of Pawnee Agency, a licentiate, and being examined for admission to the ministry, preached his trial sermon from Luke, first chapter, and fourteenth verse. About thirty-five ministers and twenty elders are in attendance. Up to the time of going to press, we have been unable to obtain a fuller report than is given above, but a full report will be given next week."

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Monday Charles and Robert Ford were arraigned in the circuit court upon an indictment charging them with the murder of Jesse James. The courtroom was thronged to suffocation. As Judge Sherman finished reading the bill and asked of Robert Ford, guilty or not guilty, he exclaimed as if he had been waiting for the judge to finish the reading of the indictment: "Guilty," and then turned to H. H. Craig, police commissioner of Kansas City, with a cold, scornful smile, with which he then turned upon the crowd. Charles Ford also plead guilty in the most unconcerned manner.

Judge Sherman then briefly passed sentence upon them, omitting all formality: "You, each of you, shall on May 19, 1882, be taken to some convenient place and be hanged by the neck until you be dead." The boys smiled as the judge finished the sentence without further formalities. They were then taken back to jail. Their pardon was granted by Gov. Crittenden yesterday, and was expected to arrive last night. The Ford boys were arraigned, plead guilty, were sentenced to be hung, and pardoned all in one day. And Jesse James is dead yet.


Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

When we read such items as the following from the Howard Journal, we are almost glad we don't live there anymore.

"We expected to have had in this issue a notice of the marriage of M. H. Hahn, but it seems that it is not to be. Mr. Hahn was engaged to one of our young ladies, and came down from Emporia to make final arrangements for the wedding. In accordance with this plan, the time for the ceremony was set for ten o'clock yesterday morning, and the young lady, by hard work and the assistance of a few friends, got her trousseau in readiness; but on Wednesday, Mr. Hahn and a former sweetheart took the train north, leaving the young lady to whom he was to have been married in entire ignorance of his intended desertion. Whether he and the girl who went with him will get married on their arrival at Emporia is more than we know; but we do know that the desertion of his affianced bride is shameful, and he should be punished."

The Hahn referred to in this notice was once a resident of Cowley County, and lived somewhere on the sloping banks of Timber creek.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Rev. Mr. Cairns, of Winfield, preached in the Baptist church last Sunday evening. He is an old pioneer of this country and gave some of his experience of his early days in Kansas. Among other things, he gave a history of his trip he made to Wellington eight or ten years ago to organize a Baptist society in what was then the village of Wellington. After a day's hard work, he succeeded in finding eight or ten members and they organized the Baptist church of the city of Wellington. He seemed much surprised on finding what was then a village was dedicating a church before his own town. His church in Winfield will be dedicated in about four weeks. Press.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

We presume Bill Allison is the happiest man in Sumner County. The libel suit brought against him by Wilsie, the County Attorney, for Allison having charged him with taking money from the several saloon keepers in Sumner County, in monthly installments, as a bribe to not prosecute them, has been decided in Allison's favor, and Wilsie is stuck with the costs. If things are as they seem, Wilsie ought to be at once prosecuted for bribery and punished to the fullest extent of the law. It is said that Allison made a good case against Wilsie, fully establishing his charges. We surely congratulate Allison upon his acquittal.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Ezra Nixon is in from his New Mexico wanderings looking none the worse for his prolonged stay. Ezra is just simply "stuck" on the new town of Robinson and as soon as he can succeed in making a collection of shekels of sufficient value to carry an able-bodied man out there, he is going back. We have a sort of lurking idea in our head that Ezra walked most of the way back, he was so long getting here.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

We suggest that Steinberger and Ed. Greer stop this endless war of words between the Courant and Courier, and go off into some solitary place (taking a good supply of provi-sions) and fight it out, if it takes all summer. We would name for referees, John Allen, for Abe, andwell, Ed. might send up to Newton and get Lemmon. Burden Enterprise.

That's a lie. Frank James was born in Kentucky in 1811; Jesse in Clay County, Missouri, in 1815. Their father was the Rev. Robert James, a prominent and eloquent Baptist minister, a pleasant and courteous gentleman, possessed of more education than was common with the ministers of his church in the frontier days of 1843 in this state, when the James family moved from Kentucky to Clay County. He was one of the first Trustees of the William Jewell College, located at Liberty, and though a resident of that vicinity only from 1843 to 1849, he has left a kindly remembrance of himself among the old settlers. In the latter-named year, he went to California, and there died in 1851. The James boys' mother is still alive and vigorous, and resides on a well-cultivated farm four miles east of Kearney, a station on the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad. She was a Miss Zerelda Cole, of Scott County, Kentucky, and, though she has attained the advanced age of 58, she wears the traces of what in her young womanhood must have made her the famed beauty in all the country round about.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Typo sends us the following items from Geuda Springs, which will no doubt be of interest to most of our readers.

"The springs have taken a new boom within the past ten days, houses are springing up in every direction. Two new, two-story, boarding houses, and a number of residences have been commenced this week. The Chicago Lumber Co. have opened a yard here, and have built a neat office. Messrs. Hubbell and Riley of Caldwell have just identified themselves with the new town. Mr. Riley bought the Ward place (ten acres) between the old and new town, on Tuesday, for $1,000. They let the contract for a business house opposite the springs, and have obligated themselves to build a two-story stone or brick house this summer. We have now five boarding houses, all two-story but one, but the need of a larger hotel is felt more and more every day. Why is it that some man with money does not see this chance for a splendid investment? Some two or three hundred visitors were at the springs Sunday, and the number will increase every week from this time. We have now three groceries, two dry- goods, and two drug houses, and nearly fifty dwellings built and contracted for. Dr. Perry is just finishing the last of his ten cottages, he will furnish them all. Mr. McCarty of Wellington is building a small hotel, and quite a number of strangers are here looking out for a chance to invest."

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Pursuant to call, a number of gentlemen interested in the organization of a Cowley County Agricultural Society met at the Courthouse Saturday, April 15th, 1882, and was called to order by T. A. Blanchard. Thereupon, J. W. Millspaugh, of Vernon township, was elected Chairman and T. A. Blanchard, Secretary. F. H. Graham stated that the object of the meeting was to organize for the purpose of holding a county fair this fall. On motion of J. B. Jennings, the meeting unanimously resolved to hold a fair, and a committee of six gentlemen, consisting of J. C. Roberts, W. P. Hackney, W. J. Hodges, J. W. Millspaugh, J. H. Horning, and W. A. Tipton, was appointed to draft articles of incorporation and report at the next meeting. The meeting then adjourned to meet on Saturday, April 22nd, 1882, at 2 o'clock, at which time all feeling an interest in the fair are requested to attend. All Cowley County papers requested to copy.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Ad. Powers is the latest victim of a turn-over. We don't mean that he has turned over a new leaf, but that as he was returning home the other day, from having taken his girl home, he swung around the corner on South Main street, the buggy flopped over, and Ad. stretched out on the ground very much resembling an elephant taking a nap. There was no damage done, expect breaking the buggy considerably, and severing half a dozen or so of Ad.'s ribs.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Taking a stroll out in the southeast part of the city, which by the way is fast becoming one of the most pleasant residence portions of our city, we noticed improvements going on by almost every one, especially those of Mr. Beeney, he having enclosed his pretty residence by a handsome picket fence, which adds materially to its appearance.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

D. E. Guerney, the popular stockman, has been back here to see about his cattle on Grouse Creek, and stopped in town over Sunday. Mrs. Guerney is now in Boston and we expect D. E. will soon follow.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

COUNCIL PROCEEDINGS. Council met in regular session, Mayor M. G. Troup presiding. Present, Councilmen Read, Gary, Mater, and Hodges, City Attorney Seward, and Clerk Beach.

The minutes of the regular meeting of April 3rd, and of the meeting of April 7th, to canvass the votes cast at the general election held April 8th, were read and approved.

Col. J. C. McMullen and Mr. R. S. Wilson, Councilmen elect, being present, were then inducted into office; Messrs. Hodges and Mater, vacating their offices.

Petition of J. W. Curns and ten others, for sidewalk and street crossings, to begin at the southeast corner of lot No. 6, in block No. 87, and running thence south on the west side of Manning street to the southeast corner of lot No. 18, in block No. 89, in the city of Winfield, was read and on motion the prayer of the petitioners was granted, and the Attorney was instructed to prepare an ordinance in accordance therewith.

Petition of E. P. Hickok and ninety-seven others, asking that the Council cause to be removed the powder house in the south part of Winfield, between Main and Millington streets, was read, and on motion of Mr. McMullen was granted, and the Attorney was instructed to prepare an ordinance providing for its removal to as great a distance from the city as the general safety demands, and the laws of the state will permit.

Ordinance No. 156 being an ordinance providing for the construction of certain sidewalks therein named, was read and on motion of Mr. Read, was taken up for consideration by sections. Sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 were adopted. On the motion to adopt as a whole on its final passage, the vote stood as follows: Those voting aye, were Messrs. Read, Gary, McMullen, and Wilson; nays, none, and the ordinance was declared adopted.

The finance committee reported on the reports of Treasurer, for the months ending January 15th, February 15th, and March 15th, 1882, that they had examined the same and found them correct. Report adopted.

The special committee, appointed to confer with the County Commissioners relative to the construction of a tank and wind mill on the courthouse grounds, reported adversely to the city having any connection with the matter. On motion, the report was adopted and the committee was discharged.

Bill of clerks and judges of election, 1st and 2nd ward, $20.000, was allowed and ordered paid.

Bill of W. L. Hands, for use of team, for burial of pauper, $3.00, was approved and recommended to the County Commissioners for payment.

Report of Police Judge for March was read and referred to committee on finance.

On motion of Mr. Gary, the City Attorney was instructed to prepare an ordinance prohibiting the lariating of stock, so that they may obstruct any street or alley, by crossing the same; prohibiting the stacking of hay within the city limits, and prohibiting the use of barbed wire for fencing, within the city limits, unless the same shall be protected by a board above it.

The City Attorney was, on motion of Mr. Read, instructed to amend the ordinance relating to fire limits, so as to bring it within the provisions of the statute concerning the same.

On motion of Mr. McMullen, Mr. Read was elected President of the Council for the ensuing year.

The Mayor then made the following appointments of standing committees for the ensuing year.

Finance: Gary, McMullen, and Wilson.

Streets and Alleys: Read, Gary, and Wilson.

Public Health: McMullen, Read, and Gary.

Fire Department: Wilson, Gary, and McMullen.

The Mayor appointed David C. Beach, City Clerk, for the coming year.

On motion of Mr. Gary, the appointment was confirmed by the Council.

The appointment of City Engineer was laid over for one meeting.

The Mayor then appointed James Bethel to the office of City Marshal.

Mr. Read moved that the appointment be confirmed; no second. On motion Council adjourned. M. G. TROUP, Mayor.

Attest: DAVID C. BEACH, City Clerk.


Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

James Long has leased the Frank Williams stone quarry.

Betty and the baby have taken up their abode at Uncle Robert Weekley's.

Mr. and Mrs. Noah Wilson, of Mount Carmel, visited friends at Bethel last Sunday.

George Arnold has partly succeeded in getting the odor of wild onions from his person.

The frost of last Friday night did considerable damage, particularly to corn and other tender sprouts.

Ed. Howard lost his false mustache last Sunday evening. The finder will be rewarded by leaving the same at his residence.

Tom Wilson, while lariating his cow one day last week, got tangled up, and after cussing around awhile, offered to give his place away to the first man that came along.

Rudolph Howard, of Winfield, was sailing around among the young ladies last Saturday, with a spanking fine team and buggy. Mr. Howard is a favorite among the ladies.

Jack Paugh, of Arkansas City, an old time boy of Bethel, is here visiting friends, and believe me, he has got a brand new suit of clothes. Me thinks I hear the wedding bells.

You made a big mistake last week. See here, Grandpap Binkey, who was taken to Illinois, is recovering. How does it read now since it's cold? It should have been ill, not well.

Mr. Hassell is quite an old gentleman but lacks none of the get up and get on that account. He has planted seventy acres of corn, set out quite an orchard, and made other improvements on his farm too numerous to mention.

Thomas Youle, Justice of the Peace of Walnut township, the lengthiest man in the country, is the father of four boys straight, the largest real estate holder in the neighborhood, and has the largest field of corn and the straightest rows to be seen in this part.

R. W. White, of Bethel, who taught a six months term of school in Fairview district, No. 21, closed his school last Saturday. Mr. White is one among the ablest teachers in the county, all because he lives at Bethel.

Marion Culvert, of Howard County, Indiana, who bought the H. L. Barker place, at Mount Carmel, is expected here with his family about the 1st of May. He has sent on six or seven hundred head of sheep. Mr. Culvert bought this place about Christmas, paying $1,750, and has lately refused $2,500 for it. That shows how money is made in Kansas.

Two or three timber sows are camping near the bridge on Dutch creek. This is a shame. Can't the officers prevent this nuisance? It's an insult to all decency. This is the great thoroughfare which a large amount of trade comes to your town, and if our mothers and sisters are to be insulted everytime they go to town, it's better that other arrangements be made.

[Second the motion. Fire them out. Pr.]


Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Sheep are picking their living the past ten days, and stock cattle are doing very well.

Corn planting is far advanced. Some have finished and most of the remainder will do so within the week.

Wheat never looked better at this date, anywhere, but the acreage in this vicinity is small as compared with other years.

The fruit prospects are so far, all that the most exacting could ask. Peach, cherry, and apple trees being full of the miniature fruit and strawberries in full bloom.

School districts number 121 and 126 are in the market for teachers for a spring and summer term. Any idle teacher would do well to correspond with their clerks at Baltimore.

Still another change is called for in the laws regulating the management of our state school fund. In this section proceedings to foreclose mortgages on several farms have been instituted, said mortgages being given to secure the payment of money borrowed at twelve percent, per annum. At the same time hundreds of thousands of dollars of the common school fund are invested in Government bonds drawing three and a half and four percent. This money should be loaned to the people at four or five percent, and secured by mortgages based on the assessment of real estate, and save the hard-pushed, poor settler from the greedy extortions of the heartless loan agents. Certainly laws can be so framed as to make the fund safe and at the same time benefit a deserving and needy class of our population.


Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

George Phelps, who was a butcher in Douglass, stole a horse from a Mr. Smith, rode him to Winfield, sold him, and took the train for Colorado. Constable Siverd recovered the horse for Smith, and Walter Denning is out fifteen dollars.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

The lack of funds to run the public schools does not stop the schools by any means. Four teachers are at work in the East Ward, and have all the scholars they can manage, the parents paying $1.25 and $1.50 per month each pupil. In the West Ward Miss Klingman is the only one holding school at present, but next Monday Miss Alice Dunham, a young lady who has been very successful as a teacher in Nebraska, will open another subscription school for mixed grades. This will furnish schooling for forty or fifty more of our "young Americans." Those who entrust their children's schooling to Miss Dunham will secure most satisfactory results, as she is an accomplished teacher and used to conducting mixed schools. She will occupy one of the rooms in the West Ward school house, and will charge $1.00 per month for each pupil.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

On our way to dinner yesterday we stepped into the new Baptist church and took a glance at it. We found it nearly completed and waiting for the seats and carpets, which we were informed, are now on the way from Chicago. The masons, carpenters, and painters have completed their work, and the Baptist people have a house by far superior to anything of the kind in Southern Kansas. The building is sixty-three by eighty-four feet between extremes, is built of our native stone, with a handsome stone tower on the southwest corner. It contains a main audience room forty by sixty feet in the clear, a lecture room, twenty-six by thirty-six, two vestibules at the main entrance fourteen by fourteen feet each, and three small rooms in the rear of the pulpit for dressing and classrooms. The ceiling of the main room is of wood, and handsomely painted. The main room is separated by three large doors filling the entire space, and which are hung by weights; and when lowered, it throws the two into one main audience room, which will be seated with the latest improved opera chairs and will contain three hundred and fifty-five chairs, arranged in semi-circular form, and there will be eighty seats around the walls, for use in case of a crowd. The choir platform will be furnished with a magnificent Estey organ, now on the way from Brattleboro, Vermont, and one dozen handsome chairs now in place. The lecture room will contain the seats now in use, having a seating capacity of one hundred and forty-four with forty-two extra chairs now in the building and five chairs on the platform. This makes a total seating capacity in all of six hundred and thirty-eight.

The platform is on the side of the main room and in the rear of the pulpit and under the platform is the baptistery, communicating with the dressing rooms by doors at each side of the platform.

The pulpit, which was presented to the church by Mr. Ulysses D. Eddy, of New York City, is unique and handsome, and can hardly be described. It must be seen to be appreciated. It cost $75, at the manufactory.

Services are being held in the building regularly now and tomorrow the Sunday school will be held as usual at 9:30 a.m. This school has now an attendance of over two hundred, and when the new seats are in, will have accommodations superior to any other.

The pastor will preach at 11 a.m., and in the evening, and at the close of the evening services the ordinance of baptism will be administered for the first time in the new baptistery, there being six or seven candidates. The Baptists extend a hearty invitation to all to attend their Sunday school and any or all of their preaching services.

Cowley County Courant, April 20, 1882.

Many of our old settlers will remember John Irwin. He was one of the earliest settlers in Cowley County, and owned a claim nine miles up the Walnut bottom. The place is now owned, we believe, by Mr. Green. He left a $1,500 a year salary in Decatur, Illinois, to seek his fortune in the west. He had a contest with Mr. William Raglan, in which they both sunk about all they were worth. John was one of the finest specimens of manhood we have ever seen. He was six feet two in his socks, broad, square shoulders, blue eyes, with light curly hair slightly sprinkled with gray, and a smile that would melt the heart of an iceberg. He was one of the most genial and companionable of men; one of those who never forgot that he was a gentleman. Talking, or rather writing of Mr. Irwin, reminds us of a story.

Col. E. C. Manning and the writer having been on a county seat excursion, those being the days of county seat elections, made it a point to call by Mr. Irwin's place, arriving there about the middle of the afternoon, tired and hungry. Not finding the family at home and the gnawings of hunger making us more desperate at every fresh gnaw, we removed a window, the door being locked, and climbed through. We found plenty, and after eating to our satiety, we made our escape as we had entered. Carefully replacing the window, we lit out for Winfield, little dreaming that all that time we were closely watched by a posse of Mr. Irwin's neighbors, who, having seen us enter the house in that surreptitious and burglarious manner, armed themselves with shot guns, concealed themselves in the hog lot and awaited our egress, when upon recognizing us, made no demonstration, and we didn't know for long afterwards how near we came to being shot for tramps.

We have been reminded of John and this trifling reminiscence by seeing in the Decatur (Illinois) Herald that John Irwin has the best $1 shirts in that town. They are for sale, however. We hope that John will make a fortune out of them.


Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

W. E. Tansey has turned over the books in his office to Judge Soward, his successor.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

James Jackson, one of the substantial men of Burden, called on us recently.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

BORN. Born, April 22nd, 1882, to Mr. and Mrs. C. J. Braine, of Pleasant Valley township, a son.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Mrs. Billy Impson has been quite sick since her return home, but is much better, we are pleased to say.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Thousands of head of cattle are now making their way to the western summer grazing lands of the state.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

R. M. John, of Pontiac, Illinois, is stopping in the city, and is looking around with a view of locating here.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

J. C. Jackson, the New York jewelryman, was in the city yesterday, taking orders for goods in his line.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

M. L. Robinson was elected a Director in the Cowley, Sumner, & Ft. Smith Railroad Company last Friday.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

A. J. Pyburn, a former resident of Winfield, but now of Lamar, Missouri, has been in town a couple of days.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Mr. J. L. Whitson made us a call today and increased our happiness to the extent of one year's subscription.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Dr. Davis is now number two on the telephone list, having had an instrument put up at his residence this morning.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

The time for the dedicating of the new Baptist Church in this city has been changed from the 14th to the 28th of May.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

O. O. Potter, James Deming, and J. J. Piffer, of Meadville, Pennsylvania, have been here looking over the country, with a view of locating.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Last week the Clyde pottery was struck by lightning. We are surprised that a jug manufactory received such visitations in these days of prohibition.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

J. F. McEwen called and pleased our shop today by depositing his yearly subscription in our till. He also sends the paper to Iowa friends.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Seventy-five dollars per month and expenses for good, reliable salesmen to sell our "Silent No. 8," in Cowley and Sumner Counties. D. F. BEST, Manager.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Wm. Dawson, Jr., of Winfield, came in last night. Will is looking hale and hearty, and the world has evidently treated him kindly since he last visited this city.

Independence Reporter.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

The familiar countenance of Charley Stevens is again visible on our streets. He has been out on the Atlantic and Pacific, in New Mexico, for some time, but says he will try Winfield for awhile again.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

E. H. Copple, one of Cowley County's most substantial farmers, made us a pleasant call this morning and left sufficient wealth to pay for two copies of the weekly for a year.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Augusta is now having a turn of small pox. A private letter from there says five railroad men have recently come down with the dreaded disease. This is getting pretty close to home.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Dr. Emerson performed an operation upon Jacob Kirch, who lives in the south part of town Wednesday, which seems almost incredible. Mr. Kirch has suffered some time with dropsy, and had bloated so that an operation was necessary. The Dr. took from him three wooden buckets full of water Wednesday, rendering him temporary relief. Before the operation Jacob was a very fleshy man apparently, but now he is like a skeleton.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Saturday while Miss May Hodges was playing with some other children at Mr. Conner's, who went to push the door shut and ran her hand through the glass, severely cutting both hand and arm. Dr. Wright dressed the wounds and Mis May is doing as nicely as could be expected after such an accident.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

We will give five dollars reward for the first loaf of bread baked from this year's wheat crop, by a Cowley County farmer's wife or daughter (the latter preferred), accompanied by a photograph of the baker, and brought to our office.

P. H. ALBRIGHT & CO., Loan Brokers.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

One of the carriages which went to Geuda Springs Sunday met with the usual luck and was turned over. No damage done except the breaking of some mineral water bottles.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

The next meeting of the Cowley County Fair Association will be held on Saturday, May 6th, instead of the 13th, as announced in a previous issue.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

J. A. Shade and M. M. Herr, of Noblesville, Indiana, are here on a prospecting tour, and may conclude to locate in this vicinity.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Saturday was a fated day for Winfield. Between eleven and twelve o'clock, Mr. Snyder was accidently shot and killed. About five o'clock, a young man whose name we were unable to learn, let his team run away, and he was thrown from the buggy and seriously injured. Then just after dark a man named Wm. McLain, a brick mason of this city, while standing in a grocery store that does not advertise, suddenly fell to the floor, in an unconscious condition. Dr. Wells was called, and after administering stimulants, brought him to, and he was taken home. The Dr. pronounced the attack palpitation of the heart. Moral: People should not carry pistols, drive runaway horses, nor fool around stores that do not advertise.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

The Fair Association held their second meeting at the courthouse Saturday afternoon, and the meeting was called to order by the president, J. W. Millspaugh. The committee appointed on permanent organization made their report, which embraced a carefully prepared constitu- tion and by-laws, and the following officers were then elected: President. J. W. Tipton; Vice President, H. Harbaugh; Secretary, T. A. Blanchard; Treasurer, J. W. Millspaugh. The meet- ing adjourned to meet again, according to the minutes, "at two o'clock in two weeks," which means of course, Saturday, May 6th, 1882, at two o'clock P.M.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

There will be a special meeting of the Winfield Business and Protective association at the office of the Secretary this (Saturday) evening at 8:30. Business of importance will come before the meeting and every member is requested to attend.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Father Mullen still has his Kansas Queen at Wichita, and has been making money exhibiting her. He has been offered $2,500 for the Cowley County calf delivered in Kansas, any time within two weeks.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

J. G. Craft, an old Winfield boy, is down from Kansas City looking up old friends. J. G. is the same jolly good fellow he always was, and looks as if Missouri river water agreed with him.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Hon. C. R. Mitchell, of Cowley County, the owner of Geuda Springs, fast becoming famous for the wonderful curative properties of their waters, was in the city on Saturday. From the papers we see that extensive improvements are contemplated at the Springs. Close connection is now made, by a hack line from Arkansas City, with the railroad trains.

Wichita Eagle.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

We don't remember of having done a meaner thing than that of receiving a friendly call the other day from Amos Walton, of Arkansas City, and then never saying a word about it. Now Amos is entitled to a good notice, and were it not that we let it run by so long, we would give him a stunner.

Speaking of and seeing Amos brings back many remembrances of Cowley County's early history. `Twas he who organized the Farmers' party in 1872, left his office in town, went to the country farm, broke calves, plowed hedge, salted chickens, trimmed rhubarb trees, and done every kind of work which would identify him with the farming element and make him solid. All this availed him nothing except glory, and the next year he came to Winfield, opened a law office, and did a pretty good business. He afterward published the Plow and Anvil, and made a red hot paper of it. but finally concluded there was no honest way of making a living except that of farming, and drifted into that calling again, the last time as a matter of business. Amos says he is doing well, and we are truly glad to know it. There is one thing sure. While he was leader of the opposition party in Cowley County, he did a good job of it, if the Republicans did abuse him and have a good deal of fun at his expense.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

When Cowley County was on her knees to Sumner County, asking them to assist in the nomination of Hon. E. S. Torrance for Judge, the position he so fitly fills now, Sumner gave our people a sickly smile, said no, and did all in their power to nominate a distinguished renegade by the name of Judge Adams. Torrance is as pure a man as can be found in the district, while Adams was corrupt, and the Sumner County people knew it, but they scorned our appeals and stuck to their old fraud with the tenacity of blood hounds. That is past and gone now. Torrance succeeded despite the unfriendly opposition, and Sumner County comes smilingly, asking our support for a Secretary of State, a State Treasurer, and there is no telling how many other places they will wish to take in.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

We understand our Methodist brethren will make some much needed improvements about their church building this spring, in the way of replacing the old rotten plastering, which has been tumbling down for months, with a substantial ceiling, and such other repairs as are necessary to place their house of worship on an equality with the others of our city. This is a good move, and we are confident will be speedily attended to, as the members of this congregation are of that class, who, when they start out to do anything, mean to do it, without faltering.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

C. G. Constant and his son were arrested yesterday on complaint of Mr. Cronk, charged with taking, stealing, etc., of a certain fence, etc. This seems to be a neighborhood quarrel that has raged more or less for some time.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Judge Torrance was taken sick at Wellington last Monday afternoon, and compelled to return home Tuesday morning. He is better though, now, having breathed the wholesome Winfield air a few days.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

John O'Brien, Esq., the class slugologist of the world, has just completed a job for THE COURANT office, of about two hundred pounds of slugs, and about half that amount for the Courier. He now uses a slug-planer designed partially by himself, and completed by Mr. Geo. Wheeler, of the blacksmith firm of Wheeler & Cantrell. John can now, with his outfit, make up all the old metal about a printing office into slugs equal to any made by the foundries. Every printing office in the State, or out of it, should give John a job.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Geo. A. Schroeter extends a cordial invitation to all to call in and examine the new clock to be placed in the McDougal building. This is an opportunity that should not be lost. After it is up, many of the beauties cannot be seen from the street.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Again, we are called upon to chronicle another accident, resulting from the accidental discharge of a pistol, Frank Manny being the victim. It seems that Frank has been annoyed very much of late by depredating skunks which could not withstand the allurements of his chicken house. He, becoming tired of the nuisance, borrowed a pistol of a neighbor and prepared to make it interesting for the pests. Between three and four o'clock this morning, Frank heard unmistakable signs that induced him to make a raid. Seizing his pistol he made his way to the chicken house, and saw one of the animals slipping around and immediately gave chase, cocking his pistol as he ran. During the chase he stumbled on a pile of rock, which threw him violently to the ground with the pistol pressed close to his side, which exploded, the ball penetrating the flesh and muscles of the left side, striking the fifth rib, and coming out about eight inches from the entrance. Frank says that when he fell he heard the pistol go off and felt something warm and concluded he had something and had better get to the house. A perfect impression of the hammer can be seen on his side, showing the violence of his fall.

As we saw Frank laying there suffering, but kind and gentle, we were irresistibly impressed by the similarity of characters between Frank and Dicken's Mark Tapley, in Martin Chuzzlewit, the more trouble he had the more cheerful he became. We earnestly hope Frank's wound may not prove to be of a serious nature and that his jolly face may soon again be seen upon the streets.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.


TRIBUTE OF RESPECT. At a meeting of the ladies of the New Salem vicinity and the Sabbath School on Sunday, April 23rd, 1882, the following preamble and resolutions on the death of Mrs. Hannah Nichols were unanimously adopted: WHEREAS, God has seen fit in his all wise Providence to remove from our midst by death, our beloved sister, Mrs. Nichols, we, her sisters, mourn her loss not only in our social circle, but in our Sabbath School, where she has been one of our most earnest and zealous co-laborers, and by her death her husband has lost a loving wife, the family an indulgent and affectionate mother, the community a good neighbor and an earnest and zealous Christian woman, Resolved, That we, her sisters, benefit ourselves by her example that she set us while here on earth by her Godly walk and conversation. Resolved, That we, her sisters, give a mother's care and counsel as best we can to her daughters, Misses Ella and Clara, and that we tender our deepest sympathy to the afflicted husband and daughters in this sad hour of bereavement, and encourage them to look to God for strength to hold them up in this hour of trouble, and enable them to trust and say the Lord giveth and the Lord taketh away, blessed is the name of the Lord. Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the family and to the press.

MRS. W. C. DOUGLASS, President.



Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

A representative of THE COURANT made a trip to Cambridge last Friday. Cambridge is a snug little town of some twenty-six houses and about one hundred inhabitants. It is nicely located on the bank of Cedar creek, about a mile and a half east of the Grouse.

We found several old-time friends. F. Henrion, formerly of Dexter, carries a general stock worth about eight thousand dollars. Mr. Henrion is doing a good business and highly pleased with the situation.

McD. Stapleton keeps the other store. In addition to a very large dry goods and grocery stock, he has what might be called a mammoth stock of clothing, hats, caps, boots, and shoes.

There is also one drug store and blacksmith shop.

The post office is kept by Henry Hicks. Miss Jennie Hicks is in charge of the office at present, Mr. Hicks being absent in Texas.

A good flour and grist mill is located there, owned by Hewson & Craft. This is our old friend, Craft, erstwhile of Benderville, this county. This mill, under the immediate super vision of Mr. Hewson, is said to make as good flour as any mill in the state. This firm also showed us about ninety of as fine hogs as we have seen this year. They propose to turn off about one-half of them by the middle of June.

This little place is also blessed with a neat and commodious school house, used also for church services. It is built of stone and is 25 x 60 feet and two stories high. School is now in progress with H. T. Albert and Miss Maud Leedy as teachers. There are about forty scholars in attendance.

We must not forget to mention the livery stable of Graybill & Coll [? Coil ?]. They have first-class rigs at reasonable prices.

On the whole, Cambridge is a nice little town and the people seem to be reasonably happy.


Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

E. F. Kendall, agent of the wool house of Hallowell & Coburn, Boston, called to see us today. Mr. Kendall's mission is, if possible, to infuse new life into the wool interest. He will go from here to Howard, Elk County.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

T. K. Johnson came home on the 7:30 train, from Durango, Colorado, where he has gone into business. T. K. is shaking hands with old friends today and everyone is glad to see him at home again.


Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

This week completes the second of the remaining half term of ten weeks, leaving seven weeks more of actual work.

The literary societies have long since settled their difficulty with the faculty, and are now working with renewed energy.

Miss Hoxie's class in drawing have been occupied for some time past in drawing plans for school houses. A prize is to be given for the best conceived and executed plan.

Only till the middle of June, and the Normal will graduate a class of over thirty, who will undertake to instruct the youth of the state according to the most scientific principles.

President Welch and wife started Saturday for a week's trip to New Mexico. The Professor did not like to leave his class for so long, but they took the matter in hand and courteously voted him a leave of absence.

We met Mr. Frank Finch of Winfield perambulating the streets of Emporia one afternoon of last week. We gently took him in charge and conducted him through the Normal building. We were surprised that he did not seem impressed with the beauty of the professional class girls, who were present that afternoon. But come again, Frank, our girls are not all professionals.

At the last meeting of the Regents of the State Normal School, the selection of a successor to President Welch was brought forward. A number of the educators of Kansas have been mentioned in connection with the presidency, prominent among them the county superintendent of Cowley County, Prof. R. C. Story, one of those who is more ably fitted to assume control of this institution. But it seems the claims of all Kansas men were ignored by the Regents, for the third ballot resulted in the election of Prof. A. B. Taylor, of Lincoln University, Illinois. For a number of years Professor Taylor has been a prominent educator in that state. Being in the city he visited the school and left a very favorable impression upon the students. He moves here and takes control before the next school year. . . .


Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

The wind and dry weather is burning up the corn and wheat.

Billy Schwantes is tearing the bone out of a piece of sod and planting the same in corn.

Harvey Dunham returned from Wellington last Monday morning. He has been visiting his sister in that burg.

John Mentch, of Olive, has planted out a fine orchard of apple trees.

Mr. and Mrs. Otho Arnold, of Winfield, visited friends at Bethel last Sunday.

Aleck Burns, of Mount Carmel, left last Tuesday for Pennsylvania, his future home, via K. C. L. and S. Railroad. Mr. Burns received a letter from his wife, who went about two weeks ago, stating that his presence would be needed to adjust affairs satisfactorily. The writer had an interview with Mr. Burns at the depot as he was leaving, and learned the full particulars, and will give them to the readers of THE COURANT in the next letter.

Mrs. Hutten, of Galena, Illinois, is visiting her daughter, Mrs. Thomas Youle, of Olive. She seems to be well pleased with this part of the country.

Joe Burger, formerly of this place, who now resides southeast of town, had the misfortune to lose a valuable horse one day last week. MUNROE.


Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

We had a refreshing shower last Tuesday.

The farmers have about all finished planting corn. The wheat fields look beautiful, and promise a bountiful yield.

Our townsman, Mr. Rogers, is seriously indisposed, caused by a severe fall, and being old, his chances for recovery are slow.

MARRIED. Mr. David Gammon, one of our enterprising young farmers, didn't appreciate single blessedness, so he recently married Miss Maxwell, of Seeley. We wish them all the happiness that falls to mortals here below.

Mrs. Metzger is quite ill.


Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

DIED. Died, in this city, Wednesday, April 10th, 1882, Mrs. Hannah Nichols, aged about thirty-two.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Maynard Miller, of Kansas City, a handsome lad, came down from the north yesterday forenoon and has been in the city ever since.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

H. D. Pryor, Attorney at Law, of Winfield, was in this city Monday and Tuesday attending to a suit in Justice Bowen's court. Howard Courant.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

A. T. Shenneman, Sheriff of Cowley County, was in Howard several days this week, and was registered at the Welborn House. Howard Courant.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

The officials of the A., T. & S. F. railroad have notified the management of the K. C., L. & S. K. that they will take control of that road on the first of May, and instruct them to notify their employees along the line that after that date their services will no longer be required.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

The tower clock for the McDougal building, ordered recently by George Schroeter, our popular jeweler, arrived today and will be put up as soon as possible. Schroeter is an excellent workman, and will put up this excellent time piece in a manner that will be a card for him and an ornament for the town.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

T. T. Morgan, of Eureka, has been in Winfield several days visiting with his niece, Mrs. S. Silver, whom he has not seen before for fifteen years. Mr. Morgan, like all others who visit our city, pronounces Winfield the boss town, and Cowley the finest county he has seen in the west.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

A strange case of paralysis is reported from Cedarvale, in Chautauqua County. A twelve or fifteen year old son of A. Halverson, a wealthy farmer living near Cedarvale, has been dropping corn for a week or so, and last Friday he became paralyzed from his waist to his feet, and in spite of all the efforts of medical attendants, the little fellow seemed to have received no relief up to Sunday evening, when P. H. Albright, our informant, left there.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

And now, the Capital is becoming desperate, and declares that the prohibitionists will not be satisfied with the nomination of any other man except the Saint, or words to that effect. The champions of the third termer, St. John, have been showing weaknesses for some time, but this is the silliest break yet made. Papa Millington will have to hurry up or he will be the last man over the fence, and then the people will be laughing at him again.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

Frank Manny is an original Dutchman for a fact. He has one of the finest delivery wagons in the world, not a red wagon but a green one, and upon either side is lettered "Beer and Ice." This was put on before the days of prohibition, and recently some have complained of Frank because he still carried the sign, so this morning he appeared on the street with his wagon delivering ice, and over the word "beer" was tacked a neat strip of mourning crepe.

Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.

ED. COURANT. I would like to talk (through your paper) to the old soldiers of Cowley County. There having been a failure in our getting together last fall, and having talked with a number from different parts of the county, I would suggest that we have an informal meet- ing at the courthouse in Winfield, April 29th, at 1 o'clock P.M. At that time we can talk over our township organizations and make arrangements for a county regiment, and talk about forming a regiment to go to Topeka this fall to the second reunion. Let all turn out.



Cowley County Courant, April 27, 1882.


Lamentable AccidentHow John Wesley Snyder Met

His Death Saturday.


On the Corner of Main Street and Ninth Avenue

Details of the Accident.


One of the saddest accidents ever recorded in the history of Winfield was the sudden and accidental shooting of one of Cowley County's most respected farmers Saturday, about fifteen minutes before twelve o'clock.

The streets were crowded with people, and a notion wagon man from Topeka, was stationed just south of Harter's drug store, selling his goods to all who wished to buy.

Mr. Snyder, an old resident of the county, who has lived on a farm about seven miles south of Winfield, on the Walnut, for the past eight or nine years, came to town this morning with a load of millet seed, which he expected to sell. He brought with him his wife and their baby, a little boy about sixteen months old.

Upon arriving in the city he walked down to the corners, as the crossing of Main street and Ninth avenue are termed, and was standing just at the rear of the notion wagon, listening no doubt to the man's speech to the crowd. The notion man stood in his wagon in his shirt sleeves, his coat lying in the front end of the wagon upon a box, which it is supposed contained articles of some kind for sale. He went to this box, apparently, to take something out, and taking his coat in his hand returned to the rear end of the wagon and laid it down upon another box, when his pistol fell out of one of the coat pockets and to the ground, striking the hind wheel of the wagon as it fell, and was discharged.

There were perhaps three hundred people standing within range of the pistol, and all looked surprisedly around to see who, if anyone, was shot, but for a minute or more there seemed to have been no one hurt, when Mr. Snyder clasped his hands upon his breast and started around the wagon, staggering as though he was going to fall. This was the first sign of anyone being hurt, and those standing near, seeing the old gentleman reel, caught him, just as he was in the act of falling. He was lowered to the ground, the blood gushed from his nostrils and mouth, and inside of three minutes he breathed his last. On an examination it was found that the ball had entered his body near the point of his breast bone, and supposed to have passed upward through the heart. For minutes the surging crowd was uncontrollable, and the news flew through the city by telephone and word of mouth, and horror-stricken citizens could be seen coming and going in every direction.

We can scarcely imagine anything which would so thoroughly shock our citizens and wring from one and all such general expressions of sympathy as did this shocking accident. To make the scene all the more effecting, just as the unfortunate man was breathing his last, there came through the crowd a womanyes, a woman, bearing in her arms a child. The crowd, which had stood firm and dense, anxiously trying to get a glimpse of the dying man, parted as she approached, and she passed through to where he lay. It was his wife, and the child in her arms was his baby, its little tongue, not yet able to speak, lisped the word "papa." This was a moment to try the strength of one's nervous system. Brave men bowed in silence, and for a few moments the sight which their eyes fell upon was one long to be remembered.

That horror-stricken wife, with her child on one arm, knelt down in the blood and dust by the side of him to whom she has for years looked to for support and counsel, and gently raising his head, held it and respectfully kissed the mouth from which the blood was gushing. The poor woman was raised by strange hands and born away, and the crying child was taken charge of by a kind lady who was standing by.

The Coroner was there by this time, a jury summoned, and the body born to the office of H. G. Fuller, over the Post Office where an inquest was held. After hearing the evidence of a number of gentlemen who were present, the jury returned a verdict to the effect that Mr. Snyder came to his death from an accidental shot fired from a pistol belonging to W. H. Wood, a traveling salesman. Mr. Wood was placed under arrest, but after the verdict of the jury was rendered, he was discharged.

It is a sad affair and has cast a gloom over the entire city and community.

John Wesley Snyder was born in Franklin County, Indiana, in December, 1835, and was at the time of his death 46 years old. He was the father of eleven children, six of whom are living and five dead. He has been a member of the Christian church for twelve years. He came to Cowley County about eight or nine years ago, and has ever been respected by all who knew him.


Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

About ten days after Gen. Sherman and the merry party of ladies and gentlemen engaged in the inspection of the military posts along the Southern frontier has passed through Arizona, the Indians rose and killed over half a hundred settlers. Rumors of an outbreak were current when Gen. Sherman passed through Arizona, yet he and his merry party seem to have done nothing for the protection of the poor settlers who were soon afterwards murdered in cold blood and fearfully tortured. But then the trip made by this merry party of ladies and gentlemen will be a big thing in perfecting the organization of the army.


Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Few people know that Kansas furnished the man after whom Denver, Colorado, was named. Born in Ohio, James W. Denver rapidly rose to distinction in the West. After he had killed two men in duels, he was appointed Governor of Kansas, which then embraced Colorado. Mr. Denver had an eye to business and sent an expedition to open the country about Denver and found the present city of that name. Brick Pomeroy, who tells the story, does not say where the original Denver has gone to or what has become of him.


Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Farmer Jackson, of Seeley, is supplying our butchers with fine mutton.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Twenty yards of calico for one dollar, at M. Hahn & Company's Bee Hive.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

The 26th was celebrated by the Odd Fellow's more generally this year than ever before.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Jacob Seeley, Esq., a former substantial farmer of this county, but now a resident of Iowa, is here on a visit.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

T. T. Rude, of Torrance, one of Cowley County's brightest young men, favored us with a friendly call Friday.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

The Lawrence & Southern road will not be amalgamated with the rest of the Santa Fe system, but will be operated independently.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Mrs. Brown, of New Salem, whom we noticed sometime ago as having broken her ankle, is mending slowly. She is now able to sit up.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

John S. Reeder called at our office this afternoon and subscribed for the paper to be sent to his father, Dr. W. M. Reeder, of Troy, this state.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

McGuire Brothers are making extensions to their store facilities at Tisdale, in order to be able to accommodate the increasing trade.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

MARRIED. Married, at the residence of the bride's parents, Wednesday, April 26, 1882, Rev. P. G. Jones, officiating. Albert J. McNeil and Anna B. Weaver.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Dr. Wilson E. Austin, a former resident of Winfield, who will be remembered by our old settlers, is now practicing his profession in Reading, Michigan.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Mrs. M. G. Troup took the early train for the east this morning, where she will visit old friends for some time. M. G. will live on hotel fare and get fat until she returns.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

The Winfield Bank has just opened and stacked upon their counter 2,000 silver dollars. They are all new and look pretty shiny. They would just about fill a peck measure. There is one thing a little strange about these silver dollars. Our banks bring here on an average of about 1,000 of them per month, and distribute them out, but there is never any clue as to where they go to, as none of them are sent out of the country. Where do they go to?

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

The K. C. L. & S. road will soon commence the erection of a depot building at Torrance. The site has been surveyed and the preliminary arrangements made for the erection of the building. The boys there have waited long and patiently for this improvement, and we congratulate them upon their success in at last gaining their point.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Henry Colyer, of Liberty township, one of Cowley County's most substantial and hardest working farmers, came in today and renewed his subscription.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

We have talked with Mr. Jacob Seeley, who informs us that he has brought his family back with him and that he is going to stay. He says that the mud is knee deep in Iowa and no grass or green trees yet. Cowley County, Kansas, is good enough, Mr. Seeley says.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

We hope the report is true that the Santa Fe railroad company now has control of the Kansas division of the K. P. The Santa Fe management is one of the most enterprising in the United States, and it makes business wherever it extends its lines.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Our big calf, the Kansas Queen, is now on exhibition at Topeka and is creating quite a sensation. Col. Mullen has been offered one dollar a pound for her, so says the Common wealth.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Mr. Wm. P. Harrington, of Silver Lake, Shawnee County, came down yesterday and will spend a few days visiting his brother, O. H. Harrington, of this city.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

The U. S. snag boat, "Wichita," is lying at the mouth of the Cimarron, unable to get down the Arkansas, as she draws 14 inches and there is only 6 in the river. They have been lying there for six weeks, but expect soon to get down in consequence of the usual spring rise. The Captain says surveyors will soon start down from Arkansas City to determine the practicability of the jetty system for making the river navigable; and if it can be done, work will begin inside of a year. He also thinks it feasible, saying at a cost of $2,000,000, a three foot channel could be made thirty feet wide, taking about five years to complete it. Kansas wants this done as it will give her cheaper rates on wood and coal, and afford transportation direct to the seaboard for her wheat, corn, etc. After getting down, the "Wichita" will work for the next year improving the river between Fort Gibson and Fort Smith. Indian Journal.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

In the cases of the State vs. Drs. Headrick, Holland, and Cole, the court held the informa- tion insufficient and allowed the prosecution to amend. The case of the State vs. Dr. Fleming for selling liquor contrary, etc., was, after the jury had been impaneled, dismissed. The information located the doctor on the wrong side of the street.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Rev. J. E. Platter, of this city, has been elected by the Presbytery of Emporia, as a dele- gate to the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, which meets at Springfield, Illinois, on the 18th of May. A better selection for a delegate from this Presbytery could not have been made.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

DIED. George B., son of A. H. and M. L. Arment, died April 28th, 1882. Thus the tender bud of thirteen months is broken from its parent stem to yield its perfume in heaven.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

George McIntire, our deputy sheriff, caught a man at Hunnewell, by the name of Wright, who is charged with having bought a team of a man at Arkansas City, a few days ago, and paid for it in bogus Missouri scrip. Wright was bound over before a justice at Arkansas City, and is now in jail here awaiting his trial. He has a family living in Sumner County.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Judge McDonald's brief to the Supreme Court in the Payson and McNeil case is one of the strongest legal documents we have ever seen. It covers twenty-seven pages of printed matter and the citations embrace the law in every phase of the case. The document was printed by our job department, and we flatter ourselves that it compares favorably with any work of the kind ever laid before the Supreme Court. Courier.

We have no doubt but that Judge McDonald's brief is a good and strong one. We judge wholly from the gentleman's ability. But when it is considered that the Courier has about as much idea of law as the running gears of a last year's crow's nest, the compliment is some- what doubtful.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Miss Nettie Hathaway, one of the leading belles of Burden, left Tuesday morning for Michigan, where she expects to stay for an indefinite length of time. She has made many friends during her stay in Burden, and there are several of the masculine gender whose hearts will beat a little quicker with the news that she is going away. That her stay may be short and the return to make a permanent home with us is the wish of a host of friends in Burden.


Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Hiram, or "Harry" Hopkins, as he is generally called, who was hurt Monday at the Dunkard mill by being caught on the shaft while fishing, had his right arm below the elbow and both legs broken. He is the eldest son of Daniel M. Hopkins, formerly a resident of Nennescah township, but now a resident of Vernon, a leading Republican of Cowley County. He has the sympathy of all in this family affliction.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Jno. P. Edwards, of the Wichita Compiler of the forthcoming Historical Atlas of Cowley County, called on us today, and informs us that they are meeting with success in all portions of the county. Those desiring a copy of the Atlas should give their orders at once as there will be only copies enough published to supply the actual list of orders taken. We clip the following from the Wichita City Eagle, which will show how Jno. P. Edwards' County Atlases are appreciated in Sedgwick County.

"Edwards Historical Atlas of Sedgwick County. This valuable work, which has been compiled, drawn, and published from personal examinations and surveys made by John P. Edwards, is upon our table. It is a history and atlas of Sedgwick County complete. The book is 18 x 20 inches square, finely bound in heavy board and cloth. There is a map of Sedgwick County and another of the State. The one of the State is the finest map of Kansas we ever saw. There is also a large and beautiful colored plat of the city of Wichita and additions showing every lot in the city by proper number, etc."

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

A short time ago when Henry Goldsmith was priming his soda fountain, two of our most violent temperance men were standing near the window that opens from the street into the basement, where the chemicals are kept and concocted, etc. Our two worthies were busily discussing the pros and cons of the prohibitory law, when the fumes of the mixing chemicals began to exude through the open window, taking them fairly in the nostrils. They looked at each other in sorrowful silence. "My friend," said the Captain, solemnly, "you've been drink- ing this morning." "Me!" exclaimed the friend. "I haven't touched a drop of liquor of any kind whatever, for five years, and I don't want you to accuse me of it, either." "Oh, you can't fool me; I can smell whiskey as quick as anybody." "It's your own breath you smell," shrieked the friend. "Oh, you're a pretty temperance man." And just as crimination and recrimination was beginning to pass freely, the source of the perfume was happily dis- covered. How many people are wrongfully accused because appearances seem to be against them? Had not the gentlemen discovered their mistake, they would have both gone to the grave, each believing the other guilty.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

In the case of the State against J. W. McRorey, the Adams express agent here, charged with violating the prohibitory law, on account of parties having received beer through his office, the County Attorney Tuesday dismissed the case without permitting it to go to trial. THE COURANT never did think McRorey was guilty, and are glad to see him acquitted without the expense of fighting the case through a long tedious trial.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

The new entrance to our store is filled with rag, hemp, engrain and brussels carpet, oil cloth and window shades. Entrance on Main street or Ninth Avenue. M. Hahn & Company's Bee Hive.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

The whiskey cases have been dragging their tiresome lengths through the District court now in session here, since Tuesday of last week, and up to the present writing (Wednesday afternoon) four cases have been disposed of and the case of Dr. Wells is pending. The two cases against Dr. Fleming came up Tuesday, one was thrown out of court after the jury had been empaneled, and the other was tried up to the time for the jury to retire, when the Judge instructed the foreman of the jury to sign a verdict of not guilty, which he did, and the defendant was discharged. The case against McRorey was dismissed without going to trial. The costs accumulated up to the present time are something like $500 or $600, and still there is no money added to the school fund in the way of fines. The taxpayers may murmur a little after awhile when these bills are to be paid, but then they will have the consolation of knowing that the Saint John agents at this place have had that much fun. We shall endeavor to furnish a full account of the trials in due time.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Mr. Mullen has stopped at Topeka with his Kansas Queen, and this is the way the Commonwealth speaks of her.

"W. L. Mullen, of Winfield, has a wonderful specimen of the productiveness of Kansas, at the tent above Seventh street, on Kansas avenue. It is a four-year-old white English Durham heifer, which stands full seventeen hands high, and weighs 3,000 pounds. She will be on exhibition the rest of the week, and every Kansas man ought to see her. She was raised in Cowley County, and until last spring ran on the prairie with other cattle. Since Mr. Mullen purchased her, she has received some attention, and is now a beauty. Mr. Mullen very properly calls her `Kansas Queen,' and is taking her to New York, exhibiting her in the towns en route, charging ten cents admission. At Emporia he was offered one dollar per pound for her by several persons. We advise everybody to see her."


Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Report of Superintendent of the City Schools.

To the School Board of Winfield.

The school year just ended has generally been one of progress, though the short term last year followed by one but little longer this year has rendered it impossible to perform the amount of work necessary, yet the advancement of the various grades has been generally satisfactory; indeed, better than could have been expected under the circumstances.

The grading of the schools has caused a better attendance and consequently more interest than was formerly shown by the pupils, yet it has required time to bring about this change and the prospects are that if the term can be lengthened to the average, the school will enter upon a term of prosperity far in advance of what they have heretofore enjoyed.

In order that you may understand the advancement made in the last three years, I here present a comparative statement of the years: 1879-80, whole number enrolled, 623; average attendance, 247; percent of attendance, 84; 1880-81, whole number enrolled, 726; average attendance, 452; percent of attendance, 92; 1881-82, whole number enrolled, 891; average attendance, 533; percent of attendance, 93.

The above comparison shows that while there has been a gain in the whole number enrolled, yet the average attendance and percent of attendance has increased at a greater ratio.

This gain is shown more particularly in the High School Department as may be seen from the following statement of attendance. 1879-80, number that attended three months, 36; average attendance, 23; percent of attendance, 80; 1880-81, number that attended three months, 40; average attendance, 36; percent of attendance, 93; 1881-82, number that attended three months, 54; average attendance, 46; percent of attendance, 90.

The gains shown by the above is but an index of interest shown by the pupils. In earnestness and application, I can say that the High School is 100 percent better than it was in 1879-80. As a further evidence of the progress made in this department, I may mention that the number who completed the course in 1880 and received certificates of graduation was two, in 1881 there were five, and this year there is a class of fourteen; and the prospects are that the class next year will be still larger.

The course of study which was arranged three years ago although then in advance of the grades is unsuited to the present advancement of the schools and should be arranged before the commencement of the next term.

All the schools have suffered because of a lack of apparatus and library of reference, but more especially has this been the case in the High School where apparatus and books of reference are, if possible, more necessary than in the lower grades.

By voluntary contributions and by giving entertainments, the teachers and pupils have this year purchased books to the amount of $50.00 and the present graduating class by giving a supper during the holidays raised over $50,00, which was expended for Philosophical apparatus.

If possible, a fund should be provided to be expended for additions to the nucleus of a library and apparatus thus gained.

I would also call your attention to the conditions of the school grounds. There should be an effort made to ornament and improve the grounds by planting trees. Driving and riding across the grounds should be prohibited and strictly enforced as the schools are not only annoyed during study hours, but when the pupils are at play, their lives are endangered. It is also necessary that walks be provided. As the grounds are at present when it rains, the pupils and teachers are obliged to wade through mud and water often over the shoetop in order to get to the school house.

Probably most of the sickness of pupils and teachers has been caused by getting their feet wet in going to and from school. In addition to this, the mud carried into the school rooms dries; and by sweeping, the dust settles on the walls, desks, and seats, and accumulating, is breathed by the pupils, thus causing disease.

The windows of the buildings have never been so that they could be lowered and raised to secure proper ventilation. I have been unable to get them properly adjusted though I have several times called attention to the fact. The lack of curtains at some of the windows has no doubt caused much injury to the pupils as they have been compelled to use their eyes in a strong glare of light; as a result, some have been compelled to leave school for a time until their eyes improved and some perhaps have received injuries from which they will never fully recover.

At present there is no well on the school grounds of the west ward; and though there is a well in the east ward, there is no pump so that the schools are entirely deprived of water except what can be secured from wells not on the school grounds.

The outhouses in the east ward are old and unfit for the uses of the schools, and new buildings are an absolute necessity. I would recommend that all teachers who have given satisfaction and wish to remain be retained and that the selection of teachers for the coming year be made as early as possible.

Respectfully submitted, E. T. TRIMBLE.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Rev. Hyden, the new M. E. minister, is fast becoming very popular among our people by the manly, Christian, independent course he is pursuing in his work. Not like a great many who come to town with nothing in view but an object to straddle a hobby and ride into prominence on it, caring nothing for their church, only to get notoriety. But the Reverend is not thirsting for any such. He is a man of ability, and will labor for the benefit of his church instead of playing the part of correspondent for a seven-by-nine dishrag to libel respectable citizens. Burlington Patriot.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

We are in receipt of an invitation to attend the opening party of the A. O. U. W. Lodge No. 88, to be given at their hall in Burden, Friday evening of this week, May 5th. Arrange- ments are being made for an excellent time, and there is no doubt but they will have it. E. A. Henthorn, Robert R. Phelps, and Ed. Millard compose the committee which has the arrangements for the party in hand.


Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Dr. Bowlin, of Kentucky, who came to see his brother-in-law, Mr. W. D. Lester in his last illness is still in our midst, but will probably return to his home shortly. We think the Doctor to be a perfect gentleman and a worthy man and would be much pleased to have him become a citizen in our midst.

The Methodist M. E. Church South are contemplating building a church the present season near Beaver Center. Three men have subscribed $100 each and two more have promised $150, making $450. This looks like business. We have no doubt but what they will succeed in the much needed enterprise.

MARRIED. Mr. Theodore Dillow has given up keeping batch by taking to himself a helpmate on Tuesday night. Her name is Miss Rilla Rorick. We wish the happy couple much joy and hope they may succeed in sunny Kansas and that they may prosper abundantly.

Mr. Rogers is now engaged by the aid of Mr. B. W. Jenkins in building a fine residence on his farm. Mr. Rogers is a man full of mercy and will no doubt make it pay farming in Beaver township.

Mr. W. A. Scott had a fearful runaway scrape a few days ago by his team becoming frightened at home while doing some hauling near the house. They ran with the wagon one mile to Mr. Greaves' house and there were caught and fortunately no particular damage was done.

Mr. Abrams has quite a lot of stock in his 160 acre pasture. The grass is very fine. The wire fence around it cost him some over $250 besides the labor of putting up the fence, but it will no doubt pay the expense the first year.

The Sabbath School at Beaver Center is still growing in interest, the number in atten- dance last Sunday being over one hundred.

Our assessor has completed his labors assessing the property of the township, the result of which foots up the amount of over $100.16 worth of taxable property. GRANGER.


Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

A number of sheep have died during the late rain and chilly weather.

Charley White is fencing his place with hedge and stone.

Bryant Fowler, of Mount Carmel, has adorned his residence with a fine lightning rod. This shows his enterprise.

Corn is getting over the freeze, so to speak, with but little damage, already some are cultivating.

Nathaniel Wilson is one of St. John's admirers. He says the prohibition amendment cannot be carried out unless St. John is re-elected. In his estimation St. John is about the only man in Kansas that is fit for Governor.

Frank Weakley returned from the flint hills Sunday, where their sheep are being grazed. He says these sheep are doing fine, and the rain will give them plenty of good water, and freshen the grass. Frank is in good spirits, he thinks there is a fortune in sheep, if they are properly handled.

The people of this neighborhood are agitating the Sunday School question. I am of the opinion that there could be a Sunday school organized at Bethel that would do honor to our country, and would educate the young to regard Sunday as a sacred day, make the old better and the young wiser. Will we have Sunday school at Bethel, what say you?

Adam Sipe, of Mount Carmel, sheared his sheep last week. I understand he got about three pound average. Is there money in this? Will some man give us some figures on this in the next week issue of THE COURANT?

The rain Friday, the 28th inst., was just the thing and in fact, it was a necessity, but let that be as it will, it was a fine thing for crowing crops.

Our worthy overseer, G. W. Brown, gave a number of the boys a chance to try their muscle on the road last Thursday, as corn planting was over, and it was a good thing for the boys might have been like the man who took pills on Saturday night; they needed exercise. No better time could be found to put the road in shape, the work done at present is on the county road, running between section 8 and 9, township 32, range 43, one-half mile west, and is now in the very best of shape, and the traveling public will find it to their interest to travel this piece of road, instead of the state road, which if all the work done was put upon it in the district, would not be near as good a road as the one in question. Mr. Brown proposes to put up suitable sign boards, so as to direct the traveling public over this route. The advantage of the road, over the one usually traveled, is that the higher ground, being along the foot of the ridge, and sloping, and of a good gravel nature, will be in every respect the best road. MONROE.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

One of the M. D.'s of Arkansas City, who is attending the district court in self-defense, writes a long and well written article in the Arkansas Valley Democrat, in the course of which he says: "Besides my legal counsel, I have many friends and advisors. One advises me to plead guilty, pay my fine, and breathe the free air once more. Another advises me to plead insanity, with the unanswerable argument that I voted for the law and contributed of my hard earned cash to the fund for my own prosecution." A point well taken.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Two of the Commissioners of Cowley County are farmers and the other a large sheep owner. The farming and stock interests are well represented.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

J. L. Horning has returned from his Missouri trip, bringing with him a drove of 353 herd of cattle. Mr. Horning will take them to his Kingman County ranch.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Unscrupulous persons broke into Herman Jochem's hardware store last night, and carried off a number of fine pistols, besides a collection of pocket knives. Atchison Globe.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Mrs. Harry Hamblin, of Burlington, Kansas, an aunt of Mrs. C. A. Bliss, is here visiting for a few days. She has a number of friends in Winfield, having been here before.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

In the case of the State vs. Hank Causey, charged with shooting Mr. Saunders, the jury returned a verdict of assault and battery. Mr. Causey was fined $100 and adjudged to pay the costs.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Emporia seems to be very much pleased with the working of the Kindergarten at the State Normal Schools. Why can't Winfield have a Kindergarten school? It is the best school in the world for children. Let us have Kindergarten by all means.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Winfield's most fashionable saloon keeper is up for violation of the prohibitory law. Ex.

It is time that he was knocked on the head. Winfield hasn't had a "most fashionable saloon keeper" or any other kind since the first of May, 1881; consequently, he has not violated the prohibitory law.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Advices from the Cherokee Nation say that a company of United States soldiers have begun removing the stockmen on the Cherokee Strip, who have failed to pay the tax levied by the Cherokees on cattle grazed on the land. There is a good deal of excitement and some talk of resistance; but it is believed that owners of cattle who are not able to pay, will remove their stock without making trouble. The Cherokee authorities are determined to enforce their rights, and Agent Tufts has directed the commander of the company to see that the tax is paid or the intruders removed. When the tax is settled and necessary removals made, the company of soldiers has been ordered to Eufaula, where there are a number of invaders, whom the Cherokees demand shall be driven out of the Territory.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

The lodge of A. O. U. W. of this city paid the two thousand dollars insurance due the heirs of W. E. Chenoweth last Saturday. One thousand dollars was paid to Mrs. Chenoweth and one thousand dollars to Mr. James Hill as administrator of the estate, for the benefit of the heirs. This is the first death that has occurred in this lodge so far. Traveler.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

DIED. Died at her residence, in West Bolton, on Monday, April 16th, 1882, of consumption, Mrs. Aaron Marshall. The funeral took place the following day, and the remains were lowered to their last resting place in the Spring Side cemetery in the presence of a large number of sorrowing relatives and friends. Traveler.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

Some talk is being indulged in of securing telephone connections between Winfield and Geuda Springs. It would be an excellent thing for the Springs, as it would give the people direct telephonic connections. Let us have the telephone.

Cowley County Courant, May 4, 1882.

H. T. Shivers has just purchased a farm three miles north of town for eleven hundred dollars.


Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882. Front Page.

The Cherokee Indians never had a fee simple title, nor in fact, any title to what is known as the Cherokee Strip. They traded their lands on the Atlantic for lands in what is now the eastern portion of the Indian Territory, and in addition received for the purpose of a hunting "outlet" a strip running westerly from their lands as far as the United States territorial posses sion then extended. This was about 1828. Subsequent treaties confirmed and reiterated this "outlet" grant without conveying title. In 1866 the Cherokee resigned this "outlet" to the government, which now holds it free from claim or title by anybody.


Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

The following from a Western Florida paper, rather takes the wind out of the Courier's Florida boom.

"Col. J. M. Alexander came from Winfield, Kansas, three months ago, and on reaching Jacksonville, was induced to go up the St. Johns to Sanford, because a steamboat and a cabin ran there. Thence he has been able to ride in a palace car so far as Orlando, and has located a town site on Lake Dora. So he writes to his old home paper, as learnedly about Florida, after a three months' experience, over the vast extent he has thus far traveled into the land, as if he were "to the manor born," and had full knowledge of all its parts. So he talks of a "live Russian Count," and his visit to this princely gentleman. (We `crackers' had an idea that nobility and princes were residents of other countries.)

"But the Colonel studies his map and locates a `calm belt,' in Volusia, Orange, Sumter, and Hernando counties, notwithstanding last summer a tornado passed over the towns of Sanford and Orlando, and tore down houses and a church in the former. He also found that he had left the `frost line' behind him; and that it again becomes frosty as one goes farther South; and then undertakes to prove that the 29th parallel is below the 28th because the St. Johns rises between them and runs North, forgetting that the Kissimmie rises in the same belt and runs South. "We will leave the Colonel with a single extract of the merits of his paper city on Lake Dora: `This constitutes the most delightful and healthiest region in the world. Breathing this air is like drinking inspiration from an immortal world. Consumption's corpse if left to summer here, will come forth in the autumn and sell its grave clothes to a Jew peddler.'

"Colonel, what do you ask for city lots?"


Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

Lieut. Gen. Sheridan has issued an order complimenting Gens. Pope, McKinzie, and especially Forsythe, for their latest Indian victories.


Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

W. H. Strahan, who has been here for several months, left on the afternoon train for New York City.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

J. W. Crider and W. F. McClure, of Gibson, Illinois, are here looking over the country with a view to locating permanently.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

McGuire Brothers are making extension to their store facilities at Tisdale in order to be able to accommodate the increased trade.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

Mr. A. F. Kropp, better known as Fred, did THE COURANT office a very nice job of rope splicing. Fred is a boss workman at anything he undertakes.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

Dr. H. L. Wells was arrested last Saturday, charged with threatening the life of W. P. Hackney. He was bound over by Judge Torrance in the sum of $500.00, conditioned to keep the peace toward all mankind, and especially towards Mr. Hackney.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

The new tower clock will soon be in its place over the McDougal building. Mr. Schroeter has advertised himself considerably by putting it upon a table in the Winfield Jewelry House, where his numerous callers could see its running gears exposed.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

Mr. Frank Barclay is our authority for the statement that there is but one windmill in the world capable of running a sawmill. And that is in the island of Cuba. It is a sixty foot wheel, and is of thirty horse power.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

Timme the Taylor has just moved into the building first door South of the English restaurant, where he will be happy to meet all his old customers and as many new ones as may favor him with their patronage.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

During the first two weeks in April there were 4,966 acres of land sold in Cowley County for the aggregate sum of $86,988. This includes a good many tracts which were quit claimed at $1.00 apiece.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

The Saint John school fund theory is not panning out very flattering at the present term of District Court in Cowley County. Whether it is the fault of the Governor's pet law he talks so much about, or the fault of his agents here, we are not prepared to say at present, but it is a fact out of fourteen criminal cases which have come up for trial, the fines assessed cannot yield more than about $500.00 to the school fund, while the costs which will have to be paid by the county will not be less than $1,500.00 or $2,000.00. The balance seems to be on the wrong side this whirl.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

The Winfield Courier has dropped Bill Hackney and has turned its attention to John Kelly, the leader of Tammany Hall. If John lived within thirty or forty miles of Winfield, the Courier would preserve a graveyard silence regarding his shortcomings.

Caldwell Commercial.

Oh, Hutch. Shut up and give the old gentleman a chance.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

W. B. Wolverton, W. R. Owen, and M. Eaton, of Norwalk, Ohio, are here taking in the beauties of our city and county. They are men of means, and have their minds pointed in a sheep ranche direction. They brought with them a letter of introduction to THE COURANT and we are happy to see them so well pleased with our county.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

Mr. R. S. Howard brought to this office some very nice specimens of stone, which he picked up near Maple City, this county. One of the pieces resembles the thigh joint of a beef, and the ends looked as if they had been sawed off, so smooth were they. As we have no old fossil editor of this paper, we referred Mr. Howard to the Courier.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

While the changes are being made in the railroads now passing through Winfield, with a little effort on the part of our city, we can make a change which will very much benefit us as a railroad point.

We believe by proper management Winfield can be made the end of a division on the Kansas City, Lawrence & Southern, instead of Wellington, because it is much the best place for a section. The distance from Cherryvale is about the right distance, and the time the trains arrive here in the evening, is much more convenient than the late hour they arrive at Wellington. Now the trains do not get to Wellington until midnight, while they get here at eight and ten o'clock. The train that goes west can make the round trip from Winfield the same as from Wellington, and the change would be an immense improvement for these crews who come through from Ottawa.

The hour is so late when the trains arrive here that but few people go on farther west; hence this is the proper place for the end of the division, and we believe it has been the intention of the railroad company all the time to make it here as soon as they could get around to it.

But then there has never been any hint from our people that they wanted it, or would appreciate such a move; hence the company has been slow to act. Let us take some steps, in keeping with the activity of our town in this direction, and there is little doubt but success will crown our efforts.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

The Republicans of Walnut township held a meeting at Frank Manny's stone brewery building last Saturday at which the following delegates and alternates were elected to attend the County Convention to be held in this city May the 13th inst.

J. L. King

M. A. Graham

S. E. Burger

S. Cure

H. W. Stubblefield

Alternates: T. A. Blanchard, Joel Mack, John C. Roberts, Chas. Wilson, and C. E. Metzgar.

The delegates were instructed to also vote for delegates to the State Convention to be held in Topeka on the 24th day of June next.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

Paul W. Bossart, of Kansas City, Superintendent of the Merchants Telephone and Tele- graph Company, has been in our city for a day or so looking after the interests of the company here. Paul is a capital young fellow and makes friends wherever he goes. He says his folks will be pleased to connect Winfield by telephone with Arkansas City, Geuda Springs, or any other neighboring point, if our people will lend the necessary assistance.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

M. L. Read, having one of the most beautiful and convenient homes in the city, has just added a complete system of water works. He has two wells in his barn yard connected by pipes which furnish inexhaustible water supply. The water is pumped by an improved Holloday windmill into a ninety barrel reservoir. There are located at convenient places eight hydrants, from which can be reached with hose the entire ground.

But the "cutest" part of the entire arrangement is the fountain. The front is bronze statuary. A little child kneeling on one knee, holding a fish perpendicularly, from its mouth the jet proper, spurts the spray to about the height of fifteen feet, the whole supported by four dolphins from whose mouths the water trickles into the basin.

The pipes are laid two feet in the ground, and are made of yellow cedar banded with iron and covered with asphaltum. Need we say that the whole was planned and executed by Frank Barclay, who, as an engineer and plumber, has few equals in any country. We took a great deal of pleasure in going over Mr. Read's grounds yesterday in company with that gentleman and Mr. Barclay. Mr. and Mrs. Read can now take the world easy in the happy consciousness that they have a full share of all its worldly goods.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

Mr. John Wilson, the barber, some time ago complained of Ferdinand Nommsen for keeping open his (Nommsen's) barber shop and shaving on Sunday. The case was tried by Judge Torrance, and held by him to be a violation of the statute, whereupon Mr. Nommsen was fined one dollar and costs, amounting in all to some twenty-five dollars. Mr. Wilson has shaved on Sunday all his life, probably, until a short time ago, when as a matter of conscience, he quit. He still, however, stretches his conscience enough to let his two partners run the shop, of which he is sole owner, and divided the Sunday profits with them. Mr. Wilson will not claim that he made the complaint because of his great reverence for the law, nor a desire to enforce Sabbath observance. His object was to prevent the rival shop gaining a day on him in business. While Mr. Wilson had a perfect right to make the complaint, the motive that prompted it was wholly bad.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

During the absence of "Tony," on last Saturday evening, to his supper, some parties tried to drive his matched team of billy goats to his cart, and owing to the peculiar habit of the species of animals, they naturally kicked on account of "Tony's" absence and of the same apparatus being of such a jolly and funny mood. "A. D." was after them on the street with a bucket of oats, to bait them along, of which he soon became tired, and thought best to ride, but the billy goats kicked again, and kicked "A. D." entirely out, and he let them run off without any serious damages to the billy goats, but damaged "A. D." and cart considerably.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

Yesterday an old colored man was fishing quietly below the mill dam when he was hailed by a couple of young men. "Hello, uncle; don't you know that it's against the law to fish on Sunday?" "No sah; I didn't know `twas gin de law ter set on dis yer rock an hol' out a pole," said the old man. "It ain't holding out the pole; it's catching the fish that's the harm," explained the young men, "there's where the unnecessary work comes in." "Onnecessary wo'k!" echoed the old man, his face beaming with a three-ply grin. "Taint no wo'k ter haul in a little fish, dat's fun." The boys gave it up.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

J. B. Lynn is naturally one of the most modest men we ever knew to engage in the dry goods business. He was almost disabled for a whole day recently when a young lady, who wanted a pair of garters addressed him thusly.

"It is my desire to obtain a pair of circular elastic appendages, capable of being contracted or expanded by means of oscillated burnished steel appliances, that sparkle like particles of gold leaf set with Alaska diamonds, and which are utilized for retaining in proper position the habiliments of the lower extremities, which innate delicacy forbids me to mention."

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

The school board met last Monday evening at the office of the president, Dr. Emerson. Present: George Emerson, president; J. C. Fuller, vice president; A. H. Doane, B. F. Wood, and Fred C. Hunt, clerk. A communication from County Superintendent Story was read and filed. Bill of T. B. Myers for hall rent for commencement exercises rejected, the board holding that it had nothing to do with the matter.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

The third annual commencement of the Winfield High School was well attended last evening, the opera house being crowded to its utmost capacity, and a goodly number had to go home, not being able to get inside of the building.

The exercises opened with music, and a prayer by Rev. J. E. Platter, followed by the greeting song by the whole class. The salutatory, "Is our destiny in our own hands?" by Miss Rosina Frederick, was splendid. "Nobility of Industry," by W. E. Hodges, was good and was followed with "Tablets of Memory," by Miss Leni Gary, which was excellent. Charlie Klingman came next and his "Electricity" seemed to take the whole audience. This was followed by "Beyond the Alps lies our Italy," by Miss Ida G. Trezise and "Watch," by Miss Hattie E. Andrews, both of which were rendered clearly and distinctly, and were very good. Miss Anna E. Rowland fully demonstrated that "Character is Power," and Charles F. Ware told us how "Storms strengthen the oak." May Charlie have to pass through few storms, but yet be able to compare his strength with that of the sturdy old oak. "Weighed and found wanting," by Miss Haidee A. Trezise, was splendid. Miss Trezise has a fine voice and rendered her part very clearly and distinctly, as did Miss Lizzie McDonald in her rendition of "We build our own mountains." "Home Influence," by Miss Rose A. Rounds, was excellent, as well as "Delve Deeper," by Miss Mary L. Randall. James A. Cairns taught us "The value of books," and was followed with the Valedictory, by Miss Minnie F. Sumpter, which was fine and well delivered.

The presentation of diplomas by Professor Trimble made each graduate's heart glad and the Professor proved that his class of 1882 had done so well. The exercises were interspersed with music, and last came the "Farewell song" by the whole class, in which every heart and voice joined. The benediction was pronounced by Rev. P. F. Jones and the audience dismissed. Each one was fairly showered with bouquets and richly deserved the honors. In one minute after the dismissal, the stage was crowded with proud and joyous friends who were eager to congratulate the class of 1882 for having done so nicely. May their troubles and difficulties through life be surmounted as easily as those of their school days, is the wish of THE COURANT.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

DIED. We find the following in the Emporia daily News of Monday. "Mr. H. C. Cross received a telegram from Mr. Wm. Martindale, at Madison, announcing the death of Mr. J. Maurer, the latter's father-in-law. Mr. Maurer was a resident of Cowley County, and was visiting with his children at Madison. He was an old gentleman, over sixty years of age, and during a recent cold rain storm contracted a severe cold through exposure, and for some time had been feeling very badly from its effects.

"The dispatch was quite brief, but we presume death resulted from that cause. The funeral occurred at Madison this afternoon. Mr. Maurer was a highly esteemed citizen of Cowley County, and his demise will be regretted by a large circle of friends outside his immediate vicinity. The afflicted relatives have the sympathy of all in this hour of their bereavement."

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

Two important real estate transactions have just been made in Cowley County. The first being the J. G. Titus farm of 480 acres located southeast of town, the consideration being $4,600 and the purchaser Frederick McClellen, a stock man from Ohio, who has been here, living in the Sam Jarvis house for a short time. The other being one of the G. N. Fowler quarter sections in Fairview township, which sold for $4,500, including one hundred acres of growing wheat. The purchaser was Robt. Gammon, a wealthy gentleman from England, who is making a tour around the world. He stopped here to visit his nephew, W. H. Gammon, who resides near Akron, Fairview township, and for whom he purchased the farm.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

A suit is now pending in Sumner County, Kansas, brought by the Prosecuting Attorney, wherein an old farmer is plaintiff, and another old farmer and the United States of America are co-defendants. Service was had upon the farmer defendant, but the difficulty was to get service upon the United States. The attorney, however, was equal to the occasion. He first attempted to serve a copy of petition on the Register of Lands, who refused to accept it. He then obtained service by publication based upon an affidavit now on file, that the United States of America is not a resident of the State of Kansas. The case will be tried at the next term of court.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

Some fears have been entertained as to the success of our esteemed contemporary, the Courier, and frequently the remark is made by a well wishing friend that it is going to be a hard pull for the publishers to make it through. We believe it is safe to disabuse such fears. With the post office, the county printing, the city printing, Papa Millington as city surveyor, and Ed. Greer as a committeeman on printing in the fair association, we can see no reason for our neighbors being unable to get there, if they will only practice a little economy and not spend too much money trying to make a good paper.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

J. M. Harcourt, one of Cowley County's most substantial farmers, and one of the first settlers of Rock township, came in to see us Wednesday for the first time. He reports everything in an encouraging condition in his section, and says unless the chinch bugs get their work in pretty soon, the wheat will average more bushels to the acre this year than it has any season since the breaking up of Cowley County.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

DIED. The dead body of Amanda Franklin, a young colored girl eighteen years of age, was brought from Wichita on the 11 o'clock train Wednesday. She had been at work for Frank Williams of the Occidental Hotel in Wichita, for some time past. The circumstances surrounding her death are somewhat suspicious.

It seems that one Tom Mills, a young colored man, who has been quite intimate with the girl, procured for her a small phial of oil of tansey, at one of the drug stores. The phial was found in the girl's trunk and about two-thirds empty. It is surmised that the twain had been criminally intimate, and the tansey was procured and used, to perpetrate an abortion, for which it is said to be a specie. Of course, this is only conjecture, but the circumstances, we think, warrant us in the statement. This, coupled with the fact that the girl had about a year ago an illegitimate child makes the suspicion doubly strong.

It is claimed by the friends of the girl that her death was caused by the sudden breaking and discharge of a tumor in the throat, which they say she was afflicted with. And so it is telegraphed from Wichita from the physician who sends what he says is a part of the tumor thrown up, but which Dr. Emerson says is but a piece of beefsteak, the contents of her stomach. The coroner, Dr. Wells, is at this writing summoning a jury for the purpose of holding an inquest; and it is understood that an autopsy will also be made, when he will be able to give our readers the exact facts. Under the circumstances it is rather singular, to say the least, that the matter was not more fully investigated at Wichita.

LATER. As we go to press the post mortem is being held and establishes the fact of the girl's pregnancy. Although the examination is not yet complete, there can be no doubt as to the cause of the girl's death.

STILL LATER. Examination completed. The odor of the oil of tansey in the stomach shows, clear and distinct. The autopsy was conducted by Dr. Emerson, assisted by Davis and Wilson, in a very scientific manner.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

We make the following extract from a private letter written from Durango, Colorado, April 29th, to Capt. H. W. Stubblefield, of this city, by M. M. Mull, a former resident of Cowley County. Those of our people who are struck on going west, will do well to make a note of the report given in this letter.

After writing about personal matters, Mr. Mull says: "I did not find anything here as I expected. This is a colder climate than that of Southern Kansas. The society is bad and would not suit you, I know.

"Everything is at a standstill here. On the 13th and 17th it snowed. The flakes melted away about as fast as they fell in the valley, but the mountains are still in white, and I am told will be until July. The farmers are sowing oats and spring wheat, and planting early potatoes. All kinds of wages are high, but there is not near work enough for the men who are here and need it. I can't write anything encouraging about this country. There are a great many rich men here, but most of them were rich when they came. Those who came here ten years ago and went into the cattle raising business have done well, but I would not have gone through the hardships they were compelled to encounter for all they have gained. A man here with a lot of cattle can do well, so he can there, if he has a good farm. It costs a pretty good fortune to improve a farm here, and it requires $10,000 or $15,000 to buy one already improved, and I think in less than five years any of them can be bought for what it costs to put the improvements upon them.

"They cannot raise corn or winter wheat there. There are no hogs raised here. It is a pretty good place for a man who has to depend upon working out for a living. There is lots of money made here selling milk and butter; it would never do to try to feed cows, as it would cost more than the cows and the milk would be worth. There is plenty of timber here, and it will never become a scarce article. It is mostly pine, and the trees are tall and straight as an arrow, many of them 100 feet high."

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

A. W. Davis, one day last week, purchased W. M. Talbot's interest in the Leland Hotel in this city, and will continue the business as heretofore. He is the best hotel man in the entire country, as the extensive business of the house will show. He is clever and accommodating and does all in his power to please his customers and cause them to feel that in his house they are at home. Cherryvale Torch.

As Mr. and Mrs. Davis are products of Winfield, their many friends will be glad to hear of their prosperity.


Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

Another fine rain last Sunday.

S. F. Burger is ditching a piece of land.

Seventy-five cents a bushel brings the corn in.

There are two of Mr. Horner's children down with the scarlet fever.

Johnnie Reed of Winfield is painting Mr. Sirey's house of South Bethel.

A. Mount has put spouting around his house and is making other improvements.

I would call the attention of our road overseer to a miserable mud hole in the road just north of Mr. Sirey's, which is almost impassible. Can't something be done, and be done at once.

G. W. Young, of Live, is trimming his hedge, setting out trees, rebuilding fence, scolding the boys around, and doing everything that an industrious farmer like himself knows what to do.

Mr. Horner, of Mount Carmel, has planted out eight acres of sorghum. He is going to buy an improved machine this fall, with all the necessary utensils, for an extensive business. Mr. Horner has sorghum seed to distribute to all that wish to plant.

J. C. Munfort and wife of Maple Grove visited friends at Bethel. Joe is just about the same old Joe, the only difference is, he takes a bigger chew of tobacco than he used to when he had to swallow the amber, to keep the ladies from finding him out.

Corn is looking nice, early planting is about four inches high. Owing to the protracted rain of the past week, farmers are becoming a little uneasy, fearing the weeds will get a start. There is an early prospect for harvest. It looks as though there will be corn plowing after harvest.


Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

EDITOR COURANT: The present time finds one of your old Cowley correspondents in Stafford County, this state. And as I have a little leisure time, I will devote a few moments to giving you a few points in a general way relative to our trip.

W. M. Palmer and your correspondent left Rock in a prairie schooner on the 8th inst. After crossing the Walnut river going west, we fell in company with John Martin and Hiram Quigley, from Choctaw Nation, on their way to Pueblo, Colorado.

The first town on our way was Mulvane. This burg, or town, is growing rapidly, and has the appearance of a well-to-do town. Wichita is too well known to need any description. The rush among the grain buyers is not so great as when Cowley had to patronize them. But now she can do better.

Leaving Wichita we crossed the Arkansas river and in traveling in a northwesterly direction passed through some of the nicest country I ever saw. The inhabitants are princi- pally Germans. They have fine dwellings and large barns. The soil is mixed with just enough sand to make it productive. In all they present a prosperous appearance.

Traveling on west we came to St. Marks and Germania in the northwest corner of Sedg- wick County. Here we began to see sand and sod houses. Instead of seeing wood piles, it was cornstalks and sunflowers, equal in size to Cowley County straw stacks, piled up for fuel.

After crossing the Nennescah river we passed through Buffalo and Pioneer cities in Reno County. This county seems to be adapted to cattle raising, for you will see herd after herd roaming the prairies in search of buffalo grass which grows in spots only. In traveling thirty miles through this county we did not see a native tree, which makes quite a contrast between this and Cowley. The houses are built of sod that has been broken to the depth of five inches and then laid up as brick or stone, some of the buildings are one, and one and a half stories in height, shingle roof, and plastered on the outside; the buildings in the inside present a cosy appearance. Most of the houses through this part are deserted for some reason, with large tracts of land not being tilled.

Traveling on through the sands we struck the corner of Pratt County. Here we found good wheat and also plenty of scouring dust which kept W. M. Palmer, our genial wagon boss, busy clawing the particles from his eyes and expressing his delight with the country.

Arriving at Haimsville I saw the first sod school house filled with urchins of all sizes and ages seeming to enjoy the days of their youth. A short distance from Haimsville we struck a prairie dog town, where lives the dogs, owls, and rattlesnakes all together. John Martin, after trying a few times, finally succeeded in killing one of the dogs, to the delight of the whole company.

The next place of note was the Lake Ranch of Col. J. B. Hanlen, near Leesburgh, Stafford County. Here W. M. Palmer and I stopped and our companions went on their way to Colo- rado. The Colonel's lake covers about five acres. This lake is filled with pure, clear water, which contains many fine catfish and silver fish. Col. J. B. Hanlen has two of the finest bulls in these parts. Ponca, and Glad Stone of the Short Horn Durham breed. He takes pride in showing their pedigree as well as the animals. It is a sight to see this herd of many head consisting of the best grades of cattle. Suffice it to say, for a stock country, this is excellent.

Nine miles from here, where once stood the flourishing town of Stafford, today nothing but desolation meets the vision. Some two weeks ago a cyclone passed through this section, leaving waste everything in its track. A few persons were injured but none killed. Stafford County formed from portions of Barton and Pratt, and is but three years old. Here we find one of Cowley's old citizens, Frank Cox, Esq., who is looked up to as one of Stafford's leading men. Nothing so impresses a person with the value of his own locality and its surroundings as a trip abroad. I find wherever I have been the communities labor under their own peculiar difficulties of some sort. I find men all over this locality seeking a location and I think well, my friend, if you only knew about Cowley County, how soon you would go thither and possess yourself of some of those fine valley lands for agricultural purposes. Should this escape the wastebasket, you may hear from me again. J. W. H.

Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.

The board of directors of the Agricultural and Horticultural society met at the Courier office, in Winfield, May 6th, 1882, at two o'clock P. M.

Present: J. C. Roberts, R. B. Pratt, P. M. Waite, W. A. Tipton, W. J. Hodges, S. W. Phoenix, and J. W. Millspaugh.

The following officers were elected for the ensuing term: W. A. Tipton, President; Henry Harbaugh, Vice President; T. A. Blanchard, Secretary; J. W. Millspaugh, Treasurer; W. J. Hodges, Superintendent.

The Treasurer was required to enter into a bond of $2,000 and to have the same ready for approval at the next meeting.

The following committees were appointed.

Finance: W. J. Hodges, J. C. Roberts, James Vance, J. L. Horning, James Schofield.

Printing: T. A. Blanchard, E. P. Greer, W. A. Tipton.

Grounds: W. J. Hodges, J. C. Roberts, J. W. Millspaugh.

Bylaws: W. A. Tipton, F. S. Jennings, Henry Asp.

Committee on grounds were directed to meet May 8th, 1882.

Committee on premium list, the board.

The secretary was directed to procure a rubber stamp seal bearing the legend, "Cowley County Agricultural and Horticultural Society Seal."

The Secretary was directed to publish the proceedings in all the county papers.

Adjourned to meet May 20th, 1882. T. A. BLANCHARD, Secretary.


Cowley County Courant, May 11, 1882.


2. Dr. Davis' residence.

3. M. L. Read's residence.

4. Fred. Whitney's residence.

5. M. L. Robinson's residence.

6. Winfield Bank.

7. Hackney & McDonald's law office.

8. Wilson's transfer office.

9. The Court House.

10. Adam's express office.

11. Wells, Fargo express office.

12. A. H. Doane & Co.'s coal office.

13. THE COURANT office.

14. Carruthers' residence.

15. A. T. Spotswood & Co., grocery.

16. Bliss & Wood, city mills.

17. M. L. Read's bank.

18. The Courier office.

19. Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe depot.

20. K. C., L. & S. depot.

21. Frank Manny's residence.

22. The Brettun.

23. Steinberger's residence.

24. J. P. Baden's general store.

25. J. P. Baden's Headquarters.

26. Curns & Manser's loan office.


Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

Mr. and Mrs. Cal Ferguson have gone to keeping house, and now we expect to see Cal fatten right up.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

The jury in the case of the State vs. Dr. H. L. Wells, for illegally prescribing whiskey, returned a verdict of guilty.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

In the case of the State vs. Dr. Headrick, for illegally prescribing whiskey, the court directed the jury to return a verdict of not guilty.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

The jury in the case of Tucker vs. Green returned a verdict for the plaintiff, and assessed the damage of $250.00.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

H. C. Sluss, John Clark, and E. Hill, three of Wichita's attorneys, came down to see how court was progressing and take a hand in the matter.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

Geo. W. Martin was the first man to bring in green peas, and now he comes forward with new potatoes on which he proposes to dine tomorrow.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

Frank Finch has retired from the position of Deputy Sheriff, and will hereafter give his entire attention and time to the duties of constable of the City of Winfield.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

S. S. Burrett, of Portland, Indiana, passed through on the K. C. L. & S. this morning, on his way home with a lot of ponies he has recently purchased in Texas.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

R. C. Haywood, well known in Winfield and Arkansas City, has lately, says the Commonwealth, made quite a fortune out of real estate in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

Messrs. Benton & Burrows of this city have the contract to build the new bank at Wellington. These gentlemen are first-class mechanics and will do Wellington a good job.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

Arkansas City hog buyers tell customers that Winfield buyers can pay more because they cheat in weight. I know from experience that this is not true. CHARLES LONGFELLOW.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

Assessment No. 30 in the Masonic Mutual of Kansas, has been issued, and Mr. Story, the agent here, has the receipts for Cowley County members. They should be paid prior to May 20th.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

Dr. F. M. Cooper writes me that he has been spending some time at the Eclectic Medical College, Cincinnati, Ohio, since leaving St. Louis, and that he will return to Winfield about the 20th of this month.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

M. L. Robinson has dug a well 152 feet deep. There stands in it 124 feet of water. He has a 12 foot wind mill which pumps the water into a one hundred and twenty barrel tank, that furnishes water for nine hundred feet of distributing pipe. Mr. Robinson has two fountains and nine hydrants in his grounds.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

The following are the teachers employed for the next year in the city schools: Miss Klingman, Miss Bryant, Miss Hamill, Miss Crippen, Miss Gibson, Miss Ella Kelly, Mrs. Trimble, Miss Rosa Rounds, and Mrs. Will B. Caton. E. T. TRIMBLE, Principal.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

The change of time on the Santa Fe road makes the schedule thus at Winfield: Passenger, going south, arrives at 11:48 A.M.; going north, at 3:35 P.M. The freight, or accommodation, goes north at 5:50 A.M. and south at 7:15 P.M.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

Hahn & Co.'s sign board near the Dutch creek bridge has been mashed up, but then they keep other signs in the papers, which if they are torn up one day, they appear fresh and bright the next.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

The Rev. Mr. Platter, pastor of the Presbyterian church at Winfield, Kansas, will occupy the pulpit at the First Presbyterian Church in this city on Sunday morning and evening.

Topeka Capital.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

The tower clock will be put up in running order in the McDougal building by Mr. Schroeter as soon as the architect, Mr. Cook, gets time to put up the dials.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

Dr. Graham has greatly improved the looks of his residence, by painting and laying off the brick work. W. P. Beaton did the work and it is a good job.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

W. P. Johnston, one of this earth's good people, has labored arduously to sell lots of goods in this city today, and has succeeded admirably.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

I need more room, and will give special bargains in a variety of sewing machines. Call early. F. M. FRIEND.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

John Charleton, of Lawrence, special agent of the London Standard Fire Company, has been doing the city for a day or so.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

The law firm of Hackney & McDonald has been dissolved by mutual consent.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

Friend Carmoney, the insurance man, is stopping in the city for several days.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

L. B. Weymouth, of Waukegon, Illinois, is at present stopping in the city.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

Brother Guerney is home again from his stock ranch on Grouse.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

Quite a number of our citizens and interested parents assembled at the parlors of Mrs. A. T. Spotswood Monday evening on invitation of Miss Nettie McCoy, who had prepared a concert for her little scholars. The exercises were very interesting to all assembled, and especially so to the parents of the children, who were given this occasion to judge of what musical progress had been made under Miss McCoy's instruction.

SOME OF THE PARTICIPANTS WERE MENTIONED: Alma Miller, Frank Curns, Mable Silver, Mary Spotswood, Pearl Van Doren and Margaret Spotswood, Mary Orr, Malcolm McDonald, A. S. Higgins, Maggie Bedilion, Anna Doane, Katie Shearer, Mrs. Earnest, and Miss McDonald.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

The Republican county convention to elect delegates to the congressional convention to be held at Emporia on the 24th inst., met at Manning's Hall at 11 o'clock Saturday. The convention was called to order by D. A. Millington, chairman of the county central committee, who read the call. On motion of T. H. Soward, H. D. Gans was elected temporary chairman and J. V. Hines temporary secretary. On motion, committees were appointed as follows.

Credentials: G. H. Buckman, P. M. Waite, Harvey Smith, John Wallace, and Frank Akers.

Permanent Organization: S. Matlack, D. A. Dressel, R. M. Patten, S. Phoenix, and Wm. Sleeth.

To select delegates to Emporia convention: D. A. Millington, Justis Fisher, Sara Burger, Oscar Wooley, and P. A. Lowry.

On motion convention adjourned to 1:00 o'clock P.M. On reassembling at 2 o'clock P.M., the various committees reported (reports too long for this issue).

P. M. Waite, of Vernon, elected permanent Chairman, and J. V. Hines permanent Secretary.

The following delegates and alternates were elected as follows to the Third District Convention to be held at Emporia on the 24th inst.: D. A. Millington, A. B. Elliott, P. M. Waite, C. L. Swarts, H. W. Stubblefield, L. B. Stone, S. M. Fall, Sampson Johnson. Alternates: S. P. Strong, Justis Fisher, W. B. Norman, William White, S. W. Chase, H. H. Martin, M. S. Teter, J. M. Hooker.

Congressional State Convention to be held at Topeka June 28, 1882: C. R. Mitchell, M. G. Troup, C. M. Scott, M. L. Robinson, John Wallace, R. S. Walker, J. E. Cocklin, H. D. Gans. Alternates: Henry E. Asp, J. B. Tucker, J. M. Harcourt, J. B. Evans, R. F. Burden, N. W. Dressie, W. P. Heath, T. H. Soward, H. C. McDorman.

On motion the delegates to Emporia were instructed to cast their votes for Hon. Thomas Ryan, for Congress. The delegates to the State Congressional convention were instructed to cast the vote of the delegation for Hon. W. P. Hackney for congress at large, and to use all honorable means to secure his nomination. On motion of T. H. Soward, a committee was appointed to inform Mr. Hackney of the action of the convention, and bring him to the hall. On motion a committee was appointed to inform Mr. Ryan of the action of the committee.

There being a lull in business, John Wallace, Esq., of Dexter, was called upon to make a speech but declined. Speeches were made by T. H. Soward and T. H. Rude.

The committee now appeared with Mr. Hackney, who was introduced, and made a short speech amid great enthusiasm, after which three rousing cheers were given for the Hon. W. P. Hackney, and after transacting some other unimportant business, the convention adjourned.


Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

Old settlers who have passed from a dozen years down on their farms in this section, without attempting to raise fruit because it was too much trouble or of their want of faith in the fruit-producing capacity of our soil and climate, should see a plantation of strawberries on the farm of L. S. Cogswell, transplanted this spring, which are now laden to their fullest capacity with the delicious crimson fruit. I counted today, two dozen berries on each of several stocks. Three year old Concord grape vines, also transplanted this spring, are full of clusters of fruit buds.

Mr. Cogswell has been on his place a year last September, a then raw upland quarter, and has since lone handed and with no capital but his energy and muscle, mixed with brains, broken sixty acres, which is now plowed the second time and in crops, among which are twenty-five acres of castor beans, 6,900 peach trees, forty apple trees, and a goodly sprinkle of grapes, gooseberries, blackberries, raspberries, currants, pear, plum, and cherry trees; and proposes to stay by the most beautiful and healthy country in America until he convinces the slanderers that our rich upland prairies are good for something besides cattle range.

Considerable pasture has been fenced in this section this spring with wire, a kind of fencing material that is becoming rather popular, although somewhat dangerous to horse- flesh, as Sam Publer's case attests, whose team, running away a few days since, colliding with Mr. Adams' barbed wire, whereby a fine young mare had several pounds of flesh torn out of her shoulder and side.

John Parsons and family contemplate an extended visit to their old home and friends in Kentucky this summer.

School District No. 126 [?] has dedicated its neat new school house, with Mr. J. M. Mercer, late of Johnson County, Illinois, at the call-bell, who exhibits a thorough knowledge of the theory and practice of teaching, by winning the good will of his pupils by his pleasant and agreeable manners and ability to assist them in making commendable progress in their studies.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

THE COURANT family loaded itself into one of Schofield & Keck's best rigs Sunday morning, and made what is sometimes termed a flying trip to the Geuda Springs. We won't say "far famed," "world renowned," "justly celebrated," for that would not be strictly accu- rate, and as the truth is all we desire to tell, the facts must be adhered to.

The ride to the Springs on a beautiful morning like yesterday is simply delightful. The road from the time you leave the livery barn, till the springs are reached, is as near perfection as it well can be, stretching as it does, across what we will risk to say, is the most beautiful township in Kansas. Cowley County, in our judgment, is one of the best looking counties in the state, and Beaver township is certainly very near if not quite the garden spot of the county. There are no hills to speak of, and the little streams are all bridged and unless it is immediately after a heavy rain, there is no more delightful drive in the west. The wheat is now headed and is of such uniform height and advancement, and so limitless in acreage, that it requires but little imagination to make it a shoreless green sea. But we must hasten to the Springs.

The Arkansas River is crossed on a good ferry boat, in charge of a careful boatman. Let us stop for a moment on this raging Arkansas, or as Vinnie Beckett would say: "this big rolling muddy." We have had considerable acquaintance with this river for a number of years. So much so, that we are not afraid of being laughed at on the score of total ignorance on the subject. Thousands of dollars have been squanderedthat's the wordin making sur- veys of the stream by "competent engineers." These surveys invariably follow the bed of the river on the old theory that nature knows what is best for us, which she don't. The cutting across of miles of bend here and there, the advantage of crowding that body of water into a new and narrower channel never seems to have entered the "competent engineer's" mind. The only competency seeming to be requisite was the ability to get through with the appropriation by the time Congress met again. But we are at the Springs. Scores of well dressed men and women, most of them for the first time, tasting this rare, mysterious, and to them not al-together pleasant beverage are here before us. It is considerable amusement to the old coons sitting around to watch the tasting process, especially the other sex, who for some unaccountable reason arrogate to themselves all the squeamishness extant. True, we couldn't expect that seventeen year old girl to roll it down as Fritz does his beer, nor guggle it as Pat would his whiskey; but we can't see any use in making such fearful grimaces, walling the eyes like a dying calf and wriggling the body like an eel, to get the blessed water down, when you can cut a basket full of slimy, boiled lettuce, two quarts of raw onions, and a skillet full of rotten tomatoes mixed with rancid butter without making a solitary wrinkle in your pretty face.

There are seven different springs or hydrants, each shooting up a different kind of water. A qualative analysis, shows Bi-Carbonate of Soda, Bi-Carbonate of Iron, Bi-Carbonate of Calcium, Sulphate of Ammonia, Sulphate of Magnesia, Chloride of Sodium, Chloride of Potassium, Iodide of Sodium, Bromide of Potassium, Sulphur, and Silica. In addition to these constituents, the waters are charged with Carbonic Acid Gas. There is no question as to the healing properties of this water.

Geuda, now let us get this name right, for few can, or do pronounce it. "G" is sounded hard, and "e" as in double "e" and pronounced as in McGee, and the whole is simply Gee-u- da. It is an Indian word and signifies healing.

There is a large and commodious bath house comnected with the springs, where hot or cold baths can be had for thirty-five cents. It is presided over by Mr. Bookwalter, an old friend; who is just the man for the place.

There are some fifty houses already built and occupied, mostly by those who are there for their health. It might be insinuated here that the surroundings of these springs conduce to the rapid recovery of the indisposed. The country is high, dry, and beautifully undulating, like mighty ocean billows, on three sides, while the Arkansas River, salt lakes, and numerous streams, clear as crystal, bounds the town on the fourth.

The air from so much medication, is invigorating and healthful. So, with the undoubted healing qualities of the waters, the facilities for bathing, the healthy atmosphere, coupled with the beautiful scenery, hunting, fishing, and boating, the patient is bound to get well if there is any vitality left for nature to work on.

The hotel accommodations are not of the best. In fact, we might say that the eating part, at least that part introduced to us, was decidedly bad. There was plenty of it, and, in its day, had been good enough, but it seemed to have been just through a sweating process, and then drowned in old grease or still older butter, which left a kind of slimy, milky way across everything on the table. There was one redeeming dish on the table that we saw, radishes, and they would undoubtedly have been spoiled had they been washed.

We suppose now, that the next time we visit the springs we will have something to write about. The art of catering successfully to the ordinary guest is no mean accomplishment. It is not everybody who has run a two cent bakery and lunch room who can please the palate of the health seeker at a fashionable watering place.

Geuda needs a good, first class hotel, and needs it bad, and with such an overseer as Charley Harter, of the Brettun, while there may not be millions in it, there is undoubtedly money in it.

Of course, we took a bath, and it hasn't hurt us so far. The drive home was a delightful one, and we vowed to avail ourselves of the very next opportunity to go again. To those who are unacquainted, we would say that Winfield is the place to start from, as strangers can find a daily hack line to and from the springs, and the best and smoothest roads, through a beauti ful and highly improved country, making it a luxury to ride over.


Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

Sweet potatoe plants booming.

Considerable millet is being sown.

Mrs. George Youle, of Olive, has been quite sick the past week.

John Mentch, of Live, isin Harper County on a business trip.

Fighting potato bugs will soon be the favorite pastime for the urchin.

The scarlet fever cases I spoke of in my last letter are aboe to be about.

Cultivating corn is the order of the day.

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Mousaw, of Choctaw Nation, and old timers of Bethel, are visiting friends in this vicinity.

Cutting wheat will soon be the all absorbing topic. MUNROE.


Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

BIRTH. Quincy A. Glass is the happy father of a brand new boy. Quincy is as proud a man as can be found in the city.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

George W. Martin now luxuriates on green peas, grown in his own garden, and planted by his own hands.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

Mr. and Mrs. Ira J. Frisbee, of Girard, were in the city overnight, and were glad to meet quite a number of old Winfield friends.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

Wellington is to have a telephone system at once, as the contract is signed and the work is under way. As soon as the system is completed, Wichita, Winfield, and Wellington will be united.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

The round-up in the Territory is nearly finished. It shows that the loss of stock the past winter was but 1 percent. The cattle were never in better condition at this season, and will reach the market earlier than usual. The increase in herds surprises the veteran stockmen. Arkansas City Traveler.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

The largest heifer in the world, "Kansas Queen," the property of Col. W. L. Mullen, of Winfield, Kansas, and weighing 3,000 pounds, will be on exhibition on Commercial street until next Thursday. After that date the animal will be sent to New York. Atchison Globe.

Cowley County Courant, May 18, 1882.

BORN. Wednesday, May 3rd, to Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Greer, a daughter. Courier. Our readers will see that this notice is some two weeks old. Well, Ed. tried to get THE COURANT to tell it first and give him a puff, but we refused because we didn't believe the transaction, and don't yet. But, joking aside, THE COURANT congratulates Mr. and Mrs. Greer upon this happy event, and the proud father has our heartfelt sympathy.


Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Last year the wheat acreage in Kansas was 1,799,644 acres, and the yield 19,165,896 bushels. This year the acreage is estimated at 1,971,000 acres, and if it averages twenty bushels per acre, which would be a magnificent average, the crop would amount to 29,420,000, or 1,420,000 bushels more than the famous yield of 1878, when Kansas headed the list of wheat producing States.

Last year the corn acreage was 4,171,554 acres, yielding 80,760,514 bushels. This year the estimated acreage is 6,000,000, which, at thirty bushels per acre, a moderate average for Kansas, would be 180,000,000 bushels, or 100,000,000 bushels more than last year.


Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.


The pioneer settlers of Vernon township, in Cowley County, Kansas, will hold a picnic meeting at Riverside Park, in Vernon township, near Winfield, on Wednesday, May 31st, 1882, at 10 o'clock A.M., for the purpose of organizing an association for mutual friendship and to commemorate the incidents and hardships encountered in the early settlement of this township. The following is the program of exercises.

1st. 10 A.M., E. D. Skinner, Chairman, calls the meeting to order.

2nd. Enrollment of old Pioneers, who were settled in Vernon township prior to January 1, 1873.

3rd. Election of President, Vice President, and Secretary, by the members enrolled.

4th. Song.

5th. 12 M., Dinner.

6th. 2 P.M., Songs and Speeches by Wm. Martin, T. A. Blanchard, Millington, and others.

7th. Essay on the Early Settlement of Vernon Township, by Mrs. John Werden, Mrs. C. A. McClung, and Mrs. Mina Bliss, who are among the earliest settlers.

All persons who can, whether old settlers or not, are earnestly requested to meet with us, bringing their baskets well filled, and seats so far as convenient.

H. HAWKINS, J. W. MILLSPAUGH, C. A. McCLUNG, Committee of Arrangements.


Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Many of our older residents will remember J. C. Bigger, of the law firm of Webb & Bigger. He has been nominated to the senate by President Arthur for United States District Attorney for the Western District of Texas.

Mr. Bigger is a young man of more than average ability, and will, no doubt, make a good attorney for the government. Seeing his name brought to our mind a flood of reminiscences in connection with his stay here; among them, one at least, in which he cut not a very creditable figure. There was a woman in the case, as sometimes is the case. A notice of the affair appeared in the Courier, then published by James Kelly, with Vinnie Becket, now of the Black Range, Robinson, New Mexico, as local editor, to which Mr. Bigger took umbrage. Meeting Mr. Becket at the hotel, the old Lagonda house, he proposed then and there to have satisfaction. Becket being a thorough local, was rejoiced at anything which afforded an item, even at his own expense, and having no fear of any but the Lord before his eyes, gave Mr. J. C. Bigger complete and entire satisfaction in a very meager period of time. When the gentleman was so well satisfied that he desired to stop further proceedings, Becket let up, but found that he had lost a front tooth on the bloody and sanguinary field. We hope Mr. Bigger will be promptly confirmed.


Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

S. H. Hamilton, a Chicago traveling man, is holding forth at the Brettun.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Mrs. O. F. Carson, of Cherryvale, is here visiting her sister, Mrs. G. H. Buckman.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Dan Severy, Esq., of Newton, is in the city visiting with his friend, Mr. J. S. Hunt.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

John Bard has been commissioned 1st Lieutenant of the 1st Kansas Battery.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Work is progressing on the new residence of J. S. Mann, in the south part of town.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Captain King, the Santa Fe conductor so badly hurt at Lecompton, died of his injuries.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Ben. Herrod was appointed and confirmed city marshal of Winfield Monday evening.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

J. H. Lane, commercial solicitor for a Boston house, hung up in Winfield over Sunday.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

A party in Emporia has taken six shares in the Winfield Building and Loan Association.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Mayor M. G. Troup has returned with his family from Fredonia where they have been visiting.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Frank Sharp and Tom Harrison did duty to a fair amount of "table truck" at the Brettun Sunday.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Frank Jennings and brother have gone to the Territory to buy cattle. They will be gone several weeks.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

The Wells, Fargo & Co. express has bought out the Adams along the entire line of the Santa Fe railroad.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

M. J. A. Snow, freight agent at the K. C. L. & S. depot, had the misfortune to lose a piece of one of his fingers.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Mrs. Judge Buck, and son, of Emporia, President of the W. C. T. U., is visiting with the family of Col. J. C. McMullen.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Elizabeth E. Foley has filed inventory as administratrix of the estate of James C. Foley, deceased, in the Probate Court.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Sam L. Gilbert has purchased the Martin West residence in the western part of the city, and will make it his home hereafter.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

J. H. Watson has made his fourth annual settlement in the Probate Court, as guardian of the estate of Jennie F. Watson, a minor.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Charles C. Black has been ordered by the Probate Judge to compromise a claim against W. M. Allison, in favor of the estate of S. L. Brettun, deceased.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

The stock express will soon be put on the K. C., L. & S. K. again, and the thousands of head of Texas cattle which will be shipped this season will be the attraction.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

MARRIED. Judge T. H. Soward and Miss Libbie Smith were united in the holy bonds of matrimony at the Baptist Church Thursday evening, May 18, 1882, Rev. J. Cairns, officiating. The ceremonies were witnessed by a large number of friends who united in wishing the happy couple a long and happy life.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

MARRIED. He kept it pretty still, but it got out at last as the following will show: HARTER-FRALEY. At the residence of the bride's father, Slater, Missouri, March 5, 1882, by Henry Eubank, Mr. David Harter and Miss Sarah Fraley.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

A private letter from Will Wilson, who is at Ithaca, New York, notes the fact that vegetation is very backward. There the trees are only just leafing out. Will will be back next week. We hope he will return with Speed.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

H. H. Martin on the 17th made his third annual settlement with the Probate Judge as guardian of L. H., William, Charles, and John Dillman, minor heirs of Henry Dillman, deceased.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

George W. Maxfield of Seeley was fined one dollar and costs by Judge Buckman for assaulting Edgar H. Jones Friday. Fine and costs amounted to thirty-one dollars and eighty cents.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

T. J. Floyd, late of the Burden Enterprise, but now of the Redfield, Iowa, Courier, sends us number one of volume one of his new paper. Success, Thomas J.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Cyclone insurance agents are taking risks in Kansas at greatly reduced rates. It will be a long time before Sam Wood entirely loses his influence in this state.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Our boss little cattleman, D. E. Guerney, left Friday afternnon for the east. He will not return to Winfield again but go to Boston in a short time.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

The social party at the residence of Dr. and Mrs. Emerson Thursday evening was one of the most enjoyable affairs within the history of Winfield. The Dr. and his estimable wife seem to thoroughly understand the art of entertaining their guests, and on this particular occasion, they were at their best, as it were.

The guests present were Miss L. Curry, Miss Andrews, Miss I. Bard, Miss I. McDonald, the Misses Wallis, Miss F. Beeney, Miss Jennie Haine, Miss A. Scothorn, Miss I. Meech, Miss Sadie French, Miss Julia Smith, Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Will Robinson, Ivan Robinson, Harry Bahntge, Eugene Wallis, W. H. Smith, W. A. Smith of Wichita, E. C. Seward, O. M. Seward, C. Campbell, C. H. Connell, Sam Davis, Capt. Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. Gene Baird, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Ed. Bedilion, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Bahntge, Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Harter, Mr. and Mrs. Joe Harter, Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Speed, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Barclay, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Hunt, W. A. Walton, and Henry Goldsmith.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

The Baptist Church of this city will be dedicated next Sunday. Rev. Dr. Peck, of Lawrence, will preach in the morning, and Rev. MacEwen, of Wellington, in the evening. A cordial invitation is extended to all other churches of this city and neighboring towns, and to all who have no particular church.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Winfield Rifles are getting ready for the State encampment to be held at Topeka next September. Young Men who want to join may leave their names with F. M. Friend, Cornelius Trump, Frank Finch, or C. E. Stevens.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

There are 1,420 pounds of mail handled between Newton and Winfield. Charles Kelly and Tom Wilcox handle the same with neatness and dispatch.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

The Cowley County Republican Convention was held on Saturday, and elected delegates to the district Convention at Emporia, and the State Congressional Convention at Topeka. The District delegates were instructed to vote for Hon. Thos. Ryan, and those to the State Convention were instructed to support Hon. W. P. Hackney. Cowley County appears to be enthusiastically for Hackney, who is a bright, energetic, industrious young man, and who would, we have no doubt, make an able and influential member of the House.

Atchison Champion.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

The Courier might relieve itself of much ignorance by looking through the office of the clerk of the District Court and examine the fee bills born from the recent whiskey prose- cutions. The jury and witness fees alone, we are informed by Mr. Bedilion, amount to over $1,700.00. Our esteemed contemporary is trying to cover up the utter failure of these prosecutions by ridicule and a lot of foolish talk about the way it is prepared to fight. In discussing these questions, a paper should have the manhood to speak out its honest sentiments, whether it believes its ideas popular or not.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Work on the courthouse yard seems to be dragging somewhat, and it looks very much now as though it would lay in the present unfinished condition until it is again too late to put out trees this fall. The entire block ought to be fixed up, sowed in blue grass, and filled with young trees this fall.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

D. A. Millington, of the Courier, has been employed by Mr. Edwards, the atlas man of Wichita, to write a County history for the forthcoming atlas of Cowley. It will be a splendid work, and no better man could have been selected by Mr. Edwards to supply it with the historical points.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

NOTICE. The members of the executive committee of the Cowley County Agricultural and Horticultural society are hereby required to meet at the Courier office in Winfield, on Saturday, the 27th day of May, 1882, at 2 o'clock p.m., without fail.

T. A. BLANCHARD, Secretary.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Dr. Cooper, who has been east for several weeks attending business, returned to Winfield Friday, and will resume his practice. The doctor is one of our brightest young men, and we are glad to know that he has completed his course and will hereafter remain at home.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

The reorganization of our militia company is progressing finely. Over thirty young men have given in their names to become members. The boys should be encouraged. A good military company is an ornament to a city.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

Archie Stewart is home on a visit to his family. He is now the boss mason of the A. T. & S. F. R. R. from Pueblo to Arkansas City and Caldwell. Archie is a good workman and we are pleased that he has so good a job.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

We are glad to see Frank Manny, who had the misfortune to accidentally shoot himself in the side some three weeks ago, able to be up and around. It's pretty hard to hold a Dutch- man down in this climate.


Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

A Courant representative visited Rock township yesterday. To say that this is the best township in the county would lay the Courant liable to the charge of toadyism from which it prides itself on being so free. It is, however, one of the several very best in any county. No township in the county combines so many natural advantages. Besides vast quantities of the richest bottom land, there is abundance of timber, pure water in plenty, and exhaustive building and fencing stone, to be had for the quarrying; and wheat and corn everywhere. We think it probable that Rock township should be credited with having raised the biggest wheat in the State, that is, the largest yield to the acre. The acreage is not so large this year as last, but gives promise of being the best crop yet raised in that wheat raising township.

The Rock store kept by that clever, sensible Republican, George H. Williams, is the political headquarters, and may be said to be the county seat of Rock township. Here may be found a few congenial souls almost any time of the day. And the wayfarer can be accom- modated with any kind of a discussion he feels himself capable of taking a hand in. The versatile Harcourt will lock horns with him on temperance, the conscientious Gale will hold him down on religion or the want of it, while Uncle John Holmes can wear him out on hogs and cattle. These gentlemen all live handy, and can afford now, to take their ease. They are in no sense loafers. They are men who have gathered a big competence by hard work and good management, who now feel that they have earned a rest on the shadowy side of their lives.

John Holmes, Esq., is the most extensive farmer in the county. He owns a thousand acres of the choicest land, nearly all of it in wheat and corn. We had the good fortune to be invited to dinner with Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Harcourt, where in company with Mr. and Mrs. Commissioner Gale, we passed a pleasant hour. This is decidedly a hoosier neighborhood, every man within a radius of several miles having been lucky enough to get away from Indiana.

Tom C. Brown had the misfortune to have a fine mare badly torn on a barbarous barbed wire fence some time ago and now Tom wishes there wasn't a wire of that kind in the State.

W. O. Baxter, M. L. Hollingsworth, W. L. White, G. M. Turner, F. G. Szirkousky, Mr. Thompson, J. M. Harcourt, John Holmes, Mr. Bailey, and Sam Strong are among the most successful farmers of that township.

Mr. Szirkousky is one of the most enthusiastic Kansans that we have yet found. Last year was to some extent a bad one, yet this man tells us that he paid out three hundred and fifty dollars over and above his living, off of a small farm of sixty acres. He is now out of debt and considers Kansas the best state in the Union.

Tom Harp is the blacksmith at Rock and is said to be a number one workman. As we expect to visit that section again, we will not say anymore now.


Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

They keep a good time piece in P. H. Albright & Co.'s office. This afternoon Jim Moore went down to the office and wrote about forty letters he had laid aside for Sunday work, in order to get them started on the 3:55 Santa Fe train. Completing his work at the last minute in order to reach the mail, he rushed to the postoffice like a mad stag, and yelled to the mailing clerk: "Here, I want these to go sure!" "All right," said the modest young man, "they will go surely Monday morning. The Santa Fe train has been gone half an hour." Moore didn't say much, but then he had a thought or two.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

TO BE MARRIED. Now, by the authority in us vested, and in accordance with a time- honored custom, we hereby make known and declare, no preventing Providence, that the ceremony that unites, cements and makes two loving hearts to beat as one, will be performed at the special instance and request of Judge Tom H. Soward and Miss Libbie E. Smith, on Thursday, the 18th inst., at the convenient hour of 5 o'clock P. M., sharp, at the Baptist Church in this city. Peace be with you.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

James Reuben, the Nez Perces Indian who attended the Normal here last year, came up Monday from the Territory with Dr. Minthorn and has been stopping in the city ever since.

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

An immense mudhole at the alley crossing in front of THE COURANT office has caused the crossing to be abandoned altogether, and the sidewalk is fast being ground out by the heavy loads daily passing over it. Whose business is it to look after this matter?

Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

M. L. Palmer, an old Winfield timer, has two hundred head of Texas colts on his range in Barbour County.


Cowley County Courant, May 25, 1882.

CARD NO. 2. Mr. Editor: It will be remembered that immediately after the difficulty between myself and Tucker, there were individuals in this town misrepresenting me and trying to create the impression that the said trouble was the forerunner or the initial step of an organized fight against the ministers of the gospel, or in other words, the commencement of a war between ruffianism and vice, against Christianity and morality. Upon hearing this I published a card denying the same in toto. Now that the matter is all over and the smoke has cleared away, and, as many are daily enquiring of me as to the particulars, I desire to recapitulate this huge affair briefly.

On the morning of the 24th of October last, I was told by many of our reputable citizens that on the night previous, Tucker, a professed christian minister, in a speech in the opera house before an audience of some five or six hundred persons, had singled me out, named me, and charged me with having misrepresented and lied to obtain signatures, to a certain paper circulated a week previous by Mr. Lynn and myself. That day I met the Reverend gentleman and quietly told him what I had heard, whereupon he in a very haughty, sarcastic, and insulting manner, said "he guessed I had heard what he said about me." At this time I took occasion to slap the gentleman, which of course I do not claim to have been a christian act nor even right in a moral sense, but yet I believe the average mortal under like circum stances would have done the same.

Now, I have the word of a resident minister that Tucker told him about the time the suit for damages was instituted against myself that a certain lawyer had volunteered his services to prosecute the case against me. This minister asked Tucker who that lawyer was, and Tucker replied it was Capt. McDermott. I have the word of a lawyer in this town that about the time said suit was started that the said volunteer attorney boasted on the street that he would make me sick before he got through with me.

These acts of an eminently moral gentleman will evidently be considered by the com- munity at large as emanating from a true christian spirit, especially when they learn that of $250 damages allowed by the jury and already paid by me, Mr. Tucker gets nothing, but that the same is divided up among the lawyers who tried the case, McDermott & Johnson, as I am informed, getting $150, and Hackney & McDonald getting $100 of the spoils, leaving poor Ben. Henderson, who made the only legal on the side of the prosecution, out in the cold, without a penny for his services.

And I also was reliably informed that Mr. Tucker is honorable enough to object to this course and demands that Henderson must have at least a small portion, but our Winfield christian lawyers, I understand, don't like to give any money up. It's too soft a thing especially when ordinary law practice is light. I have paid the money and the lawyers and their client are now quarreling over it. Of course, it is hard to pay out hundreds of dollars to such a purpose, but I do not regret it. I would feel that I had lost my manhood and disgraced my parentage if I would take such a wanton insult slung at me without cause or provocation without resenting it. If I had been permitted, I could have proven that I was not guilty of the charges made against me by Mr. Tucker, and that they were entirely without foundation. I love a christian gentleman, but a hypocrite I hate.

I believe the community will bear me out in the assertion that my actions have proven that I have no fight against churches or christians, but to the contrary have always endorsed all religious organizations and helped them financially. My father and mother have been members of the M. E. church ever since I can remember. I believe they are christians, but the religion they taught me was not the kind practiced by some in this town. The question is, has this affair had a tendency to strengthen the cause of christianity? Did the language used by Mr. Tucker in the hall, with reference to myself, indicate a christian spirit, or did it sound like the ranting of a third-rate ward politician?

Did the money I paid into court belong to Mr. Tucker or myself, or was it confidence money? If the suit was brought through good and honest motives, for the good of the community, and for the benefit of society and Mr. Tucker combined, why was it the lawyers forgot Mr. Tucker in dividing the spoils? I may be wrong, and hope I am, but it appears to me that the whole affair would look to an unbiased mind like a robbery under the cloak of a prosecution in the interest of morality and in vindication of the law. Again, is it not a strange coincidence that after Judge Campbell and Mr. Tipton (two gentlemen who never made any pretension toward being possessed of an extraordinary degree of moral virtue) had addressed the jury in my behalf, without making use of a single expression reflecting upon the character of Mr. Tucker. That in the closing argument the gentleman who professed to have the love of God in his heart should so far forget himself as to resort to blackguardism and billingate as I am informed he did. Among other things referring to myself and insinuat- ing that I was a coward. Now I desire to address myself to this christian statesman and say to him kindly, but firmly, that he dare not undertake to substantiate that charge of cowardice on any ground, at any time, or in any manner he may choose. A. H. GREEN.


Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

Thirteen years ago the spot where Winfield now stands was but a place of beautiful prairie, covered with nature's own green carpet. The buffalo had scarcely retired beyond the Arkansas, and the Osage Indians still lingered on the picturesque banks of the Walnut. The avant courier of civilization, the home hunter, began to come in from the east and from the north, and the aborigine, with his wives and little ones, sullenly bade adieu to his hitherto undisputable possession forever. As if invoking the blessing of Deity upon the enterprise, the town was "laid out" with the north star as a guide. From that day to this, through many troublesome and vexatious vicissitudes and trials, the sound of the hammer has not ceased to be heard, until Winfield today stands second to but few cities in the whole State of Kansas. Happily for Winfield, happily for the State, and happily for mankind, the early setters believed in schools and churches. He might not, and many did not, have any very active belief in what is called the Christian religion, but he did believe in the evidence and fruits of the Christian church, visible, as a mighty factor, in moulding and cementing the various atoms into a healthy, safe, and enlightened society. And while he might not be willing to admit his own need of civilization or Christianization, he was ever ready, ever solicitous, to have his children and his neighbors brought under so good an influence and into so pure an atmosphere.

Fortunate it was that the early settler had moral courage, although not always a believer in the generally received Christian religion, as a means of salvation, to advocate the building of churches and the maintenance of the Sabbath school. Thus the believer and the unbeliever united to lay broad and deep, the foundation upon which are reared the seven churches of today.

No city in the state of equal population can boast, if boast we may, of so many splendid temples of worship. And the crowning glory of the whole is the magnificent structure, yesterday so solemnly, eloquently, and appropriately dedicated "to the worship of the living God."

Gazing upon the vast congregation that filed out of that noble pile at the close of the service, our mind wandered back to the handful of communicants who assembled to hear the Rev. Winfield Scott preach the first sermon, which gave our beautiful little city a name.

The Baptist congregation was organized in the fall of 1870, with six or eight charter members, and Alvin W. Tousey as pastor. The meetings were held anywhere, wherever an empty shanty could be found, but often in the then new store of Bliss & Tousey, until the year 1872, when the stone building which stands on the old Lagonda block and now used for a boarding house, was erected and occupied.

The Baptist church has been extremely fortunate in the selection of their pastors. This, coupled with the indomitable energy and perseverance of the congregations, culminated in the erection of the finest church edifice in Kansas. Others may have larger seating capacity, but none of such rare symmetrical beauty of design and finish. The house properly seats seven hundred and fifty persons, and with a slight difference of arrangement will comfort- ably hold one thousand souls.

The house was filled yesterday long before the time for service to begin. The Wellington people showed their appreciation of such an enterprise by chartering a special car and coming over seventy-five strong. Services were opened by the Rev. D. S. MacEwen, of Wellington. Prayer was offered by the Rev. P. F. Jones, of the M. E. Church, and a hymn was read by the Rev. C. H. Canfield, of the Episcopal Church of this city.

The report of the Building Committee accompanied with the key, was handed to the pastor, Rev. James Cairns, who turned the same over to the trustees. The report shows that the house cost in round numbers, $13,000, which had all been paid, and a balance of $43.17 still remained to the credit of the committee. Is there another church in the state that can make such a showing? No call for money, no frantic appeal for promises to pay in the future; none but the collection for ordinary expenses taken up.

The dedication sermon was preached by Rev. A. C. Peck, of Lawrence, Kansas, from the last clause of the seventeenth verse of the twenty-eighth chapter of Genesis, "This is none other but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven." The sermon was one of great power and ability, showing the preacher to be a man of deep erudition and high scholarly attainments.

The choir was composed of Mrs. J. S. Mann, Mrs. H. E. Silliman, Mrs. W. D. Roberts, Misses Zulu Farringer, and Josie Bard, and Messrs. H. E. Silliman, Richard Bowles, E. H. Bliss, Forrest Noble, and John Roberts, with Ed. Farringer as organist. The selections were appropriate throughout and finely rendered. After the singing of the grand old hymn, "All hail the power of Jesus' name," with great force and effect, the benediction was pronounced by Rev. C. R. Canfield, and the vast audience dispersed, feeling that another oasis had been reached on the journey of life, and that another milestone had been passed on the road to heaven.


Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.


Having visited many portions of Kansas with the gentleman whose name heads this article, and personally observed the kind reception given him by all the leading Republicans of the state, we believe it is no idle assertion to say that no man who has been mentioned in connection with the congressional race, has a better chance at this time of becoming one of the favored four.

Mr. Hackney meets hosts of friends in every section of the state who congratulate him upon his candidacy, and wish him all the success possible. There is no fight made upon him by any of the other thirty or forty aspirants, and it is but fair to say that he is, no doubt, the second choice of a great many more men who will have the naming of these candidates, than will be necessary to nominate.

This state of affairs is due to many reasons. Senator Hackney has done excellent service for the State in both branches of the Legislature, is recognized everywhere as an honest, true, and industrious gentleman, who works every hour of his time for the interests of those who chose him as their representative. He is frank and plain spoken in his every action, and there is never any difficulty experienced in finding out how he stands upon any public question. Those who wish him success in the present canvass, know that in him they will have one of the ablest and most daring members of the lower house of congress, and that the interests of his constituency and State will be guarded and looked after by him.

That Cowley County will furnish one of the "big four" there seems no longer any doubt, and we can assure the people of Kansas that none will be more proud of him than the Republicans of his own home. Hackney will get there.


Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

The accounts that reach us from all portions of the State in relation to the coming reunion of veterans at Topeka, next September, indicate the largest assemblage of soldiers that Kansas has yet seen. An unusual spirit of enthusiasm has been awakened upon the subject, and counties are emulating each other in getting up the largest delegations. Cowley is organizing her large number of old soldiers, and will go up to the reunion as a whole regiment with its full field and staff. We are pleased to see such an interest in this matter, and that Cowley will not be in the rear on this occasion, we are satisfied.

We have certainly the material in this County out of which to coin one of the largest and best equipped regiments that will take part in the exercises. There are in this County not less than fifteen hundred honorably discharged soldiers. Out of that number there should, and we doubt not will be, one thousand join the veteran organization.


Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

Miss Lutie Newman is again able to take charge of the Dollar Store after a short illness.

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

P. H. Albright, who has been over attending to some business interests in Chautauqua County the past ten days, returned to Winfield Saturday evening.

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

Hon. Richard L. Walker, of Vernon township, Cowley County, Kansas, returned last evening from a trip to New Mexico and Arizona. He will remain with us a few days. [Cowley County papers please copy. Wichita Times.]

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

The Volitary played during the time that the collection was being taken up in the Baptist Church last evening was composed and written by Ed Farringer, who rendered it. Young Farringer is an excellent musician and will make his mark.

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

Another lot of Kaw Indians were on our streets last week, and as we stood and gazed at them, as they passed from one business house to another, we were led to inquire: "Man, what art thou? from whence came you? and whither art thou going."

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

Captain Steuven is reorganizing his military company so as to have it in readiness to attend the fairs and reunions this summer and fall. He has about fifty names already enrolled, and would like to have fifty more. Young men, this is your chance to join a crack company. Winfield ought to assist the boys who will some day reflect credit upon her. Fall in, fall in.

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

Another stone has been laid on the new government building at Topeka. Uncle Sam began to grouse a little, because everything was so quiet around there; so the contractor sent a fellow down here for another stone. As soon as the Cowley County rock was placed on the wall everybody was satisfied, and the Topeka papers began to talk about the rapidity with which the work was being pushed forward.

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

We tumble to the following racket from a Geuda Springs correspondent of the Arkansas City Democrat, who signs himself "Stranger," and are happy to know that our suggestions have worked.

"The writer hardly realizes he is writing of a town that has been built almost entirely in the last three months; hence generally closes with a batch of criticisms, in which they have but little regard for the truth. Especially was this the case with the editor of the Winfield Courant. Coming in with his family on Sunday last, without any marks or brands perceivable to distinguish him from the common rabble, he appears to have lashed himself into a furor at the hotel keeper because he did not recognize him, and feed him with a spoon with the finest exquisitely delicate hands."

This correspondent is respectfully notified that THE COURANT is particularly friendly to Geuda and its proprietors. We believe it will only be a short time when this will be recognized as the most famous watering place in the West. We did not criticize the hotels, but the manner in which they are kept. A cook is a very essential attachment to a hotel, and we hope soon to hear of one being imported into the flourishing little health resort. This is the only complaint made of Geuda.

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

If John A. Martin was on the right side of prohibition and female suffrage questions, we would throw up our hat and wade in for him for Governor. He is one of the ablest men in the state, has done much for his country, state, and party, and is sound as a dollar on all points except wine and women. Winfield Courier.

In other words, if John A. Martin were in favor of prohibiting wine and unsexing women, father Millington would be in favor of him for Governor. Wichita Times.

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

H. C. Sanford, of Richland township, a life long Republican, called on THE COURANT office Monday and gave us a pleasant chat. Mr. Sanford is a strong anti-monopolist and very properly thinks it about time that the process by which a few accumulate and retain vast wealth should be looked into a little more closely by those who have the bills to pay. So far, his head is eminently level.

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

Burden and vicinity will furnish a company of forty veterans at the first meeting of the ex-soldiers, the time for which will be named by the commanding officers in a few days, as soon as the reports can be received from the different townships.

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

Francis Small, who was sent to the penitentiary for the killing of Starbuck, in this county three years ago, has been pardoned by Governor St. John on account of good behavior.

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

We were truly sorry to be unable to attend the party at the residence of our young friend, Chas. Bahntge, Thursday evening, but those who attended enjoyed one of the most pleasant evenings spent in Winfield for some time. Mr. and Mrs. Bahntge have a large number of friends in Winfield, and those who were so royally entertained at their home Thursday evening think more of them now than ever before. The following is a list of those who were present: Misses McCoy, Jennie Hane, Amy Scothorn, Jessie Millington, Kate Millington, Margie Wallis, Lizzie Wallis, ___ Roberts, Florence Beeny, Josie Bard, Mrs. French, Miss Smith, W. C. Robinson, Ivan Robinson, Lou. Zenor, Lovell Webb, H. Goldsmith, C. C. Harris, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Read, Mr. and Mrs. Spotswood, Mr. and Mrs. Hackney, Mr. and Mrs. Buckman, Mr. and Mrs. Soward, Mr. and Mrs. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. Dr. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. Thorpe, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. George Whitney, of Sedgwick, Mrs. Carson, of Cherryvale, Mrs. Geo. Rhodes, W. H. Smith, Chas. Fuller, Jas. Lawton, Mr. Campbell, C. H. Connell, Sam Davis, Richard Bowles, Eugene Wallis, O. M. Seward.

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

Rev. Isaac Kretsinger and wife, of Logan County, Illinois, are in the city, visiting their nephew, D. L. Kretsinger. Uncle Ike, as he is familiarly known in old Logan County, is highly pleased with Southern Kansas, especially Cowley County, and is making a thorough inspection of our real estate, with a view of locating two of his children on farms, and purchasing city property for himself. Rev. Kretsinger is a prominent member of the United Brethren Church, and his location in Winfield will be the means of building up a flourishing church organization in our vicinity. We hope he may be suited and finally locate with us.

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

Mr. J. H. Finch met with a severe accident last Saturday evening. As he, with Gen. Green, was driving on the approach to the west bridge, the team jumped to one side, upset the buggy, and threw Mr. Finch to the ground, breaking both the bones in his left leg, a little above the ankle. Dr. Emerson reduced the fracture, and Uncle Jim is now getting along very well.


Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

AKRON, May 27, 1882.

ED. COURANT. As our postoffice is but seven miles from Winfield, and we have a daily mail from the south as well as the north, we would like for you to explain how our papers come so irregular. Sometimes we get them on Saturday, and then they come in a bundle from the north. We are convinced our P. M. does her duty. Now if your postoffice has some Jackanapes who do not know whether Little Dutch (Akron) is in Cowley or in the State of Ohio, you will please inform them. SUBSCRIBER.


Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

When a Southern Kansas man turns himself loose, there is no use trying to stop him, as he will go through without feeling. It will be remembered that our little neighboring town of Grenola, just east of the Cowley County line, just about a year ago furnished one of the finest sensations of the season, and at the time such remarks as "He did it with his little hatchet," and "such is happiness in the far west," were rife throughout that section of country. In fact the newspapers over there were really blessed with an actually real item, upon which their clamoring publishers wrote many a handsome "piece."

A man by the name of Hatchett, who was keeping a hotel in Grenola, became very familiar with a young lady named Beard, who, if we remember rightly, was his cousin or some other relative. After they had been so thick that the neighbors began talking of the future possibilities, Hatchett concluded he would not linger longer in that section, and one day left to seek a more genial clime. The girl's father, a respectable farmer of Elk County, about this time discovered that his daughter was to some extent in need of a parent's advice and protection, so he swore out a warrant, or had the girl do it, for Hatchett, and search was instigated for him at once. He was found up at Mulvane, arrested, and taken back to Grenola for trial. The Justice before whom he was arraigned, held that he had better linger about until District Court convened, but through some compromise, by which he agreed to provide for the young lady and her little Hatchett, he was liberated, and he again skipped, we believe without keeping his word in regard to the compromise. Several weeks passed and no word was received from him, though his re-arrest had been ordered by the court. One Sunday there were two men who stopped at the Lindell Hotel in Howard for dinner, and upon close obser vation, one of them was discovered to be Hatchett. He was promptly re-arrested, and after being taken to Grenola, was again liberated either through the incompetency of the prosecution, or some technicality.

Since that time there has been but little thought given to him. But after all his sad experience, Hatchett would not let up on his old tricks, and now we learn that he was arrested in Leavenworth last Saturday, and is languishing within the dingy cells. The Times of Sunday gives the following report of his arrest, which savors very much of one of Hatchett's tricks. There is still some mystery connected with his last break.

The Times says: "One week ago Friday night there arrived in this city, by the Missouri Pacific, a girl aged probably fifteen to twenty years, accompanied by a man of about forty years of age. Saturday afternoon Officer Murphy met the couple, and was at once attracted by the close resemblance of the girl to Miss Zou Watkins, the Denver young lady, who so mysteriously disappeared from St. Louis, where she had been visiting on the Thursday preceding. The girl's dress, its trimming, her build, her age, her hair, her nose, her round, full face, everything about her that could be taken in at a glance, corresponded with the description of the missing girl. With his customary shrewdness Officer Murphy began to watch the couple, and to hunt up something about them. Their actions only caused greater suspicion, and enveloped them in deeper mystery. At last they were located in a room on fifth street, between Seneca and Miami, which they had secured at a rental of five dollars a month. Saturday and Sunday they ate their meals on Cherokee street, but on Monday they moved their eating place to the restaurant opposite John Hannon's store on Fifth street, near Shawnee. Mr. Murphy met them several times, and each time they watched him with a sort of suspicious restlessness that betokened that they knew someone had discovered them in something wrong. After watching them several days, and becoming satisfied that all was not right, Officers Murphy and Cunningham yesterday morning went to the room on Fifth street to arrest the parties, only to find that the girl had flown or been stowed away in some un- known place. After he was arrested, the man, who gave his name as W. B. Hatchett, told the police that the young woman was his wife and that he had sent her away last month; then he said she was his niece, and that she had gone away, where he did not know. He told other very contradictory stories, and not being able to give an account of himself, he was put down below in the city jail to answer to the court."


Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

The railroad mash up east of Iola, last Saturday morning, was not the excursion train, as we stated, but a freight to which was attached a passenger coach, and in this there were only a few of the excursionists returning. Among them were Father Millington, of the Courier, and Capt. E. A. Henthorn of the Burden Enterprise. When the smash came, a lady in the rear end of the car came sailing over the seats, not paying much attention to where she was going, and when she stopped, she was astride Father Millington's neck, with one of her delicate feet sticking into Henthorn's eye. When all was quiet, Henthorn still lay there until the lady had gained her equilibrium, and turning to him she said: "Well, sir, I have seen enough of you to know that you are no gentleman!" "And," replied our tall literary friend, "I have seen enough of you to know that you are no lady!" Father Millington, recovering from his fright, added: "And I have seen enough of her to convince me that she is no gentleman!" The lady seemed to have had enough of the Cowley County editorial giants, and quietly withdrew from the controversy.


Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

The ladies of the Presbyterian church will give a paper festival at Manning's Hall, on Tuesday evening, June 6th. Everybody is invited to attend, and a general good time assured.


Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

TANNEHILL, May 25, 1882.

Our harvest is fast coming upon us. The early May wheat is now fully developed, the grain being in the dough. The fruits are abundanttwo weeks laterbut are far enough advanced to warrant a bountiful crop. Should nothing befall it soon, our harvest bids fair for a large crop. The corn is looking somewhat sickly, on account of the cool wet weather. It has not had the amount of work it should have had. Some of it has been under water, and some under weeds, and will remain so, if the wet weather continues. The weeds are growing hugely, while the corn is on a standstill, though a few warm, dry days would bring it out all right yet.

Messrs. George and K. J. Wright went to Arkansas City on Monday, after their binding reaping machine. Six have been sold in this vicinity in the last ten days, at a cost of $1,800. The Deering machine seems to be all the go here this season.

The population of Beaver is largely on the increase in several ways, both by emigration and births.

BIRTHS. Mr. McMillen and Mr. W. C. Spruens have both been presented with a ten- pound boy.

Mr. McCullough, who is now the owner of the Browning farm, has recently moved from Illinois, and Mr. Guyer, who owns the Mendenhall farm, is also in our midst.

Mr. John Bower has also returned from the East, and adds one more to the list in the way of a housekeeper. The bachelors of our community have finally made a break in the direction of matrimony. We wonder who will go next? It may be George or Oliver, or perhaps Shannon. Who knows?

The Sabbath School Institute, held at Mount Zion Church in Vernon township a few days ago was a success. The people of Vernon township are worthy of the congratulations of the public in general for their energy in building so neat a church. It being under the control of the United Brethren, they have the credit of building the first church east of the Walnut river in Cowley County that is a country church. We hope Beaver will follow the example of her neighbors and build one this fall at Tannehill.

The heavy rain of Friday night has put Beaver creek on a high and swept away two bridges.

Those ditching machines, called corn-listers, do not pan out very well, this wet season, on rolling land. They have caused the land to wash terribly on low ground. The ditches hold too much water, while the middles are filled with noxious weeds, and it is impossible to get them out during the wet weather; consequently, the corn will soon smother out.

Our old friend and neighbor, David Dicks, has recently been in our midst, excavating the earth in search of water, having completed three wells with a fountain of water in each. If Dave fails to strike water, it is useless for anyone else to try, as he is an old experienced hand at the business.

Mr. B. W. Jenkins completed the carpenter work on Mr. Thomas Rogers' house yesterday. Mr. Rogers has a very convenient house, and when finished will add quite an item of improvement to the township. GRANGER.


Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

Politics in Omnia are in a quiescent state. We have no candidates for Congress or the Legislature, and don't feel any particular interest in any but Hackney, and think his nomination and election a foregone conclusion.

We are all temperance men, but not anxious for a third termer for Governor. Think the party can furnish plenty of as good and deserving men as St. John. Men who will accomplish as much in the execution of all our laws as he has, and with a less disgusting exhibition of fuss and feathers than has that illustrious patriot.

Mr. Wm. Gillard, postmaster at Baltimore, who is a confirmed invalid, took a walk out in his cornfield last Wednesday, and remaining longer than his wife expected him to, she instituted search, and found him helpless and insensible. Procuring assistance, he was conveyed to the house and Dr. Daniels summoned, who succeeded in restoring him to consciousness. He is laboring under a severe attack of pneumonia, but with hopeful prospects of recovery.

Contrary to the theory advanced by many eminent bugologists, that chinch bugs of full development never eat, they came out of winter quarters here with regular Kansas appetites, and attacked the young corn in such force as would soon have left but a moiety to tell of the granger's blasted hopes, but the heavy and cold rain of Friday night came in time to seriously diminish the numbers of the marauders, and we are again hoping for a crop of corn. On Thursday, every hill of corn examined had from ten to fifty bugs, but since the rain very few can be found, and we feel reasonably sure that eggs already deposited are destroyed.


Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

Muddy again.

Oh! The musical frogs.

Dutch Creek on ithigh.

M. Howard marketed two loads of hogs at 6-1/2 cents per pound.

Dr. C. Bryant is at home resting up for a few days.

Prospects for a blackberry crop are good.

A light frost Sunday night.

Charles Wilson is going to leave the state he is now in and go into the state of matrimony.

Esq. at the end of a man's name is like the curl in a pig's tailmore for ornament than use.

A man over at Fairview cured a snake bite with sweet cider.

Tom Wilson sheared from his sheep last week about a three pound average of wool.

Is. Weakley came down from their sheep ranche last Saturday. He looks as though running with sheep agreed with him.

Senator Burrows' patent Shark bill, for the protection of western farmers, is a fraud. About the greatest shark the farmers have to deal with is the present congress, and petitions should be circulated asking that congress now adjourn.

Your Omnia correspondent said in his last week's letter that one Mr. Cogswell, of Omnia, came to that place less than a year ago, and without capital, and lone handed, has raised h__l up there, broke 60 acres of ground, planted one thousand trees, and what else I am not able to say. Now that is too fishy. It takes years of toil and patience in Kansas to do all this, and now Mr. Omnia, please do tell us if this be true. Has Mr. Cogswell got a wife and baby? If so, we will start a penny subscription. Give it to us on the straight, will you please? MUNROE.


Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

James H. Finch has received his commission as deputy U. S. Marshal.

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

Mr. Rodocker has filled up his show cases with a splendid lot of new photographs.

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

We were pleased to meet our old-time friend, G. Bayard Lott, of Kansas City. Mr. Lott is a cousin of the Vermilye brothers, of this county, and a first-class fellow.

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

Bert Covert has sold his street sprinkler to Mr. Paris, the water man, who will attend to the business in a business-like and systematic manner. Mr. Paris gets the water at the K. C., L. & S. tank for the streets.

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

Capt. H. L. Wells, Adjutant of the old veteran regiment organized last fall, has, by order of Col. J. C. McMullen, addressed a circular letter to the company officers throughout the county, requesting reports from each as to the number of men they can muster to go to the reunion at Topeka next September. It is important that these reports be made as soon as possible in order that the Topeka managers may know how many men to provide for. There will also be an election for field and staff officers as soon as the roster is complete.

Cowley County Courant, June 1, 1882.

Our friend Finley, who lives about five miles south of town, must excuse us if we smile at his misfortunes. His trouble was all caused, too, by the possession of a bandbox, such as our good old grandmothers always carried along with them, and happened in this way. He had been uptown and bought a new suit of clothes and as he was unable to wear both old and new suits at one time, he carefully deposited one of them in the aforesaid bandbox, and being on horseback, tied the box on behind the saddle. He bought a bull calf the same day and was leading that home at the same time. When nearly home the box became loosened in some manner and was just ready to fall when he noticed it.

He dismounted, and in order to have both hands to work with, had to tie his calf to a neighboring fence, and as he was doing that, the pony got away and ran a mile or so. Well, he finished tying the calf, set the bandbox close to it for safety, and started for the pony, which he caught, mounted, and rode back. Then he was mad. No madder man ever led a calf than Finley was at that moment, for, while he had been gone, someone had taken his boxand openly and deliberately gobbled it. He saw the driver had taken extra pains to turn up there and also saw that the horse was going toward town. He hadn't much time left, as he had promised his wife to be home real early, and it was then getting late. But he didn't want to lose his clothes and thought the best plan was to follow up in the direction the buggy had taken. He inquired at a house and the folks told him the carriage belonged in town. He pursued it like a man, but it got home in advance of him. He hunted around and finally discovered his box at the Brettun house where it had been taken by the ladies who had picked it up, and after a brief description of its contents, it was handed to him and he mounted his pony and started for home, happy that he had not lost his clothes, but the least trifle mad to think he had been caused that extra trouble. Trials and vexations were not to end there, however, for when he reached the place where he had tied his calf, it too, had broken loose and strayed down the road a short distance, and he began to think the fates were against him. He soon found the animal, though, and went on home about as mad a man as was to be seen in that section. He reached his domicile about half past nine o'clock and there we leave him go, for the fates always provide for a man when he gets home too late.