Political, Official and Social Notes as Gathered by Our Regular

Washington Correspondent.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

There will be a caucus of Republican Senators held soon to decide upon the course to be followed with regard to President Cleveland's appointments. The exact date of the meeting has not been fixed, but it will probably be about a week before the beginning of the session. There is a wide difference of opinion among Senators as to the best course to follow. Some of the most radical are in favor of opposing the confirmation of all new officials whose appointments are considered to be opposed to the tenure of law. Others believe the President should be accorded the right to name his own officials at pleasure, where his doing so is not a violation of the civil service reform law. The question will be thoroughly discussed in caucus, and it is altogether uncertain what the decision will be. Your correspondent had a brief talk on the subject with Senator Hale a day or two ago. He said it would be impossible to tell at this time what the attitude of the Senate would be. For his part he did not think he would oppose the confirmation of a good man. "Do you think it likely that there will be a general opposition to the appointments on the ground that they are in violation of the tenure of office law?" I asked. "I can't say," replied the Senator, "that is yet to be decided." "In caucus?" "Yes, I presume that is the question the caucus will consider." "When will the caucus be held?" I asked. "That has not yet been decided, but it will be a little while before Congress meets."

Pension Commissioner Black has issued a circular letter containing information that the rules of the office prohibit clerks from answering correspondence relating to pension claims, etc. It states that all communications will be promptly replied to, but they must be sent to the commissioner in the regular course of business.

Miss Cleveland arrived from New York last Saturday afternoon, having been four months absent. Mrs. Hoyt will remain at the White House until next week, when, it is understood, she will go to her home in New York, to return here in January to assist Miss Cleveland in dispensing the hospitalities of the White House.

Few of those at the White House Monday afternoon desired more than a look at the President and a shake of his hand, and they were all accommodated, and no time was lost. Minister Soteldo was among those present, and was accompanied by some old friends of the President, whom he was glad to see. A colored nurse, as black as a hat, held in her arms a flaxen-haired little one two years old, dressed all in white. When she reached the President, she raised her charge as high as she could and said: "Kiss de Pres'dent!" "Well, little one," said the President, impressing a kiss upon its cheek, "you are not old enough to remember me." The President does not make a practice of kissing children, but there was no alternative in this instance.

Chief Clerk Youmans, of the Treasury department, has called the attention of the employees particularly to rules 1 and 2 of the department regulations, which provide that all delinquencies in not promptly attending the morning hour or not continuing diligently during business hours will be daily reported, and that employees should not receive visits, read newspapers, or smoke during business hours. These rules have been partially disregarded for some time past, and the noting of the names of tardy clerks last Friday was the commencement of a plan to rigidly enforce them. The chief clerk has a package of printed warnings ready to distribute to delinquents, which state in effect that violations of the rules unless satisfactorily explained, will be reported for action.

With the organization of the next House less than a month off, the indications that the old officials, except the doorkeeper, will be re-elected, increase. No opposition has yet appeared to the incumbents: Gen. Clark for clerk, Mr. Leedom for sergeant-at-arms, and Mr. Dalton for postmaster. With regard to doorkeeper, the generally prevailing impression now is that Col. Sam Donelson, of Tennessee, has practically a walk-over. Several other candidates are mentioned, but neither of them has any solid or organized following. Representative Ward, of Indiana, said today: "I am for the Tennessee horse, Donelson, and he has a walk-over. He couldn't be beaten now."

In connection with the election of a doorkeeper, it is said that the Pennsylvania democrats have an idea of bringing out a dark horse. The report was that Pennsylvania expected to nominate Mr. Carlisle for Speaker, and propose his unanimous re-election; that in return for this compliment, Kentucky would be asked to support a Pennsylvania Democrat for door- keeper. But some of the Kentucky members are already pledged to Donelson, and unless the entire delegation could be induced to join in such a movement, it is not thought it could succeed. L.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Thanksgiving turned off a small matrimonial grist: Albert H. Abrams and Minnie F. Sumpter; Sherman Wing and Libbie Davis; Walter S. Wooley and Edith Stewart. The Judge joined Mr. Wing and bride right on the spot.

The claim of W. A. Lee was allowed against the estate of Wm. Kates, deceased, for $40.

The following claims were allowed against the estate of J. C. McKibben, deceased: S. E. Schermerhorn, $944; Geo. Eaton, $266.15; Winfield Bank, $162.79; same Bank, $158.05; W. C. Robinson, one claim $184.25, and one for $136.20; W. A. Lee, $65.24; S. H. Myton, $40.45.

Inventory filed in the estate of J. C. McKibben by Geo. Williams, administrator: personal estate $919.20, besides 10 acres growing wheat. The estate also embraces two good quarters of land.

Nannie J. Platter filed her petition as guardian, an order authorizing her to sell certain property belonging to minor heirs of James E. Platter, deceased.

S. W. Chase made his fifth annual settlement as guardian of William A. and Lincoln Chase, minors.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

We have lauded the glories of Cowley! We have unceasingly heralded her gigantic prolificnessher stupendous productions of everything known to the civilized World! We have sat on our big toe on the highest pinnacle and with our finger on our nose challenged the world for a parallel. It has comean exact parallel. It is from "Pat" Donan, away out in Dakota. Here it is: "Dakota is the sole remaining quarter section of paradise in the western world. It is no uncommon thing for a whole Dakota family to sit on the end of a potato while the other end is roasting in the fire. We hatch our own wild geese of such dimensions that eastern and southern tenderfeet are liable to mistake them for winged hippopotami, on lakes of never freezing rose water and cologne. We wail for wells the holes from which we pull, with stern derricks and 1,800 horse power engines, our radishes and beets, and make cow sheds and circus tents of our turnip rinds. We put rockers under our empty pea-pods and use them for cradles."


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The Harper Daily Graphic comes to us in eight column size, with two full page ads. The Graphic is a daisy for enterprise. If they will turn their old black type into the "hell-box" and put in clean, light faced type, it will be among the best and neatest local dailies in the west.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A couple of railroad graders had it a la Sullivan today, in one of our lunch rooms. Knives were used with lively effect. One fellow got badly cut on the face and neck, nearly severing the jugular vein. Too much budge. We didn't learn their names.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The crowd at the post office this morning was considerably amused at Dressie's dog smoking one of those fine cigars of his. He will have to learn this pup better tricks.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Mr. L. C. Rise, of our new nursery firm of Gregg & Rice, from Portland, Indiana, dropped in on THE COURIER today. He appears to be just the gentleman to make a success of this undertaking. They go right to work to arrange their nursery farm, three miles southeast of town, for the reception of their big stock, which is now arriving. Mr. Gregg has gone back to bring out his family and that of his partner and to close their business at Portland.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The meetings at the Baptist church are very encouraging to the pastor and members. Eight have already been baptized as the result of the meeting thus far. A large number are deeply interested. There will be services each day at 2:30 p.m. and at 7:15. All who are interested in the progress of the Master's work are earnestly solicited to attend the meetings. The services will close this Monday evening in time to allow those who wish to attend the service of son at the Opera House to do so.


A Married Woman Elopes From Oswego to Winfield.

Her Hubby Follows and Jugs the Illegal Co-Habitors.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

William Purden and Susan Green are guests of the Hotel De Finch, charged with elopement and criminal co-habitation. Last spring Samuel Green and his wife and little girl resided at Burden. There William Purden, a stock dealer, got acquainted with Susan. The husband suspicioned nothing. Purden was going to Missouri to buy horses and mules, and offered Green a team and wagon and good wages if he'd take his family and go along. He did so. At Eureka the attentions of Purden to his wife got too flagrant for Green, and the caravan split, Green and family going to Oswego, where they lived happily until last Saturday evening, when Green came home from the country to find his wife and child gone. Neighbors told of the occasional visits to Green's while he was away, of a man bearing Purden's description, and that he was there Saturday. Mrs. Green had packed up systematically and checked her baggage to Beaumont. Monday Green followed her and found that Purden had joined her on the road and together they had come to Winfield over the K. C. & S. W. Arriving here Green placed warrants in Constable Harrod's hands and soon found the elopers at Purden's place north of town, and had them jugged. The woman weakened and tearfully confessed all, and wanted to be taken back to the bosom of her husband; but he wouldn't take. He was after the child only as well as to make the elopers suffer the penalty of their crime. Realizing Green's determination, she consented to let him take the child, as she couldn't support her. Green says he shall apply for a divorce and foreswear her forever. He is less than thirty and she about twenty-five. They have been married six years and their little girl is four years old. Their lives were perfectly congenial, he says, until Purden came on. The trial of Purden and Mrs. Green was set in Judge Snow's court for two o'clock today, but owing to technicalities was continued to Monday. Green is without competencydependent on his daily exertions for a living, but appears to have plenty of energy and grit.


A Winfield Accountant Examines the Books.

Kirkland Gone to AustraliaHis Brother Pays His Peculations.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

James Brewster, President of the Merchants' & Farmers' Bank, of Oxford, sent to Winfield Monday to get an experienced accountant to examine the books of his bank and ascertain, if possible, the exact state in which the absconding cashier, P. C. Kirkland, left things when he bid his abrupt farewell to the village on the banks of the Nile of America. John A. Smith, bookkeeper for Ed. J. McMullen & Co., was recommended and secured. Mr. Smith, on tackling the books, struck a white elephanta contract laying in the shade any government mule contract. Kirkland hadn't struck a balance since the bank opened, a year ago last June. The accounts, especially during the last six months, were in a conglomerated muddle, without head or tail. All that could be done was to take the collateral on hand as the resources and take the liabilities as they came in, proven by bank books. The capital of the bank, $11,000 or more, is entirely gone. The collateral paper on hand is sufficient to pay the liabilities, about $5,000, if it could be turned in cash. But of course it has to await its redemption. Everything shows that Kirkland's peculations have been going on for months past. Kirkland's actions prove him to be one of the basest ingrates. Brewster took him up from the streets of Council Bluffs, Iowa, a ragged, homeless orphan lad, educated and raised him, with as much paternal care as though he were a son indeed. Kirkland always behaved himself admirably until this episode. Brewster had implicit confidence in Kirkland. Having outside affairs to absorb his attention, he gave his cashier full control, paying little attention to the condition of the bank. The report that Kirkland swamped the bank in option dealing is not credited by those who know him. During the last year he has been drinking, gambling, and carousing generally, though mostly on the sly. His trips away were mostly for this. The condition of affairs indicate that Kirkland didn't take more than three thousand dollars with him. He has a rich uncle in Australia. He has had the Australia fever for a year or so, and his wife and child, left behind with no means of support, are confidence that there is where he has gone. No effort will be made to run him down. Brewster's first determination was to hunt the rascally ingrate who had betrayed his confidence to rob him. The president, though having property in town, had all his available capital in the bank, and was unable to pay a depositor. Kirkland's brother is president of a prominent bank in Council Bluffs. He was notified of P. C.'s episode, and telegraphed that he would square things. Placing a sum sufficient in a Kansas City bank, he sent his nephew, James C. Kirkland, to fix things up. The nephew is now at Oxford, paying the claims as fast as proven. The brothers' magnanimity is certainly most creditable. Mr. Brewster has also acted in such a way as to crystalize the esteem in which he has always been held. He will dispose of his Iowa property, concentrate his surplus funds, and re-open the bank soon. The report that Kirkland got away with secret society funds is a mistake.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Wednesday eve, the 25th, the ceremony was pronounced, by Rev. H. D. Gans, that united in hand, heart, and fortune Mr. A. B. Taylor and Miss Maggie Limbocker. The wedding, at the home of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Limbocker, on east 8th avenue, was a quiet one, only the relatives and a few intimate friends being presentenough for an elegant supper and a lively time all around. The tokens were handsome and elegant. From appearances Al has been contemplating this most creditable deed for some time. A slight inkling of his impending fate makes congratulations all the heartier. Mr. Taylor is deputy Register of Deeds. His many years' residence in the county have acquainted all with his genial manner, his intelligence, frugality, and industry, which have made him many warm friends. Miss Limbocker is a member of one of Cowley's pioneer families, who came here way back in 1870. She is vivacious and winning socially, of attractive appearance, and of sterling worth. The "little brown front," purchased some time ago by Mr. Taylor for this occasion, awaits its pair and in a few days Mr. and Mrs. Taylor will be settled down to housekeeping. Their home is on east 8th avenue, 8 blocks out, and is very neat and cozy. Here's to your health, Al, and "may you leef long and brosber," as remarked the late lamented Rip Van Winkle. May your life be full of sunshine, with just enough shadow to mellow the light and ripen the years as they roll on and on forever and ever. Amen.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Cooper & Taylor's shot gun drawing took place last evening at 8 p.m. For some time all buying one dollars worth of goods received a ticket to this drawing. G. T. Phillips, a traveling man, C. M. Leavitt, and Mr. Miller were appointed a committee to see the thing through. The four hundred tickets were placed in a hat, and Harry Abbott was blindfolded and drew ticket by ticket, it being agreed that the twenty-fifth one drawn should be the lucky one. No. 106 took in the gun, which proved to be owned by Isaac Clark, a farmer in Vernon. Mr. Clark purchased two dollars worth of goods last Saturday, which took the prize. The gun is a breach loader, and first class. We congratulate Mr. Clark on his good luck.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Mr. A. A. Wiley of Arkansas City, and Miss Annie M. Baker were united in marriage by Rev. P. B. Lee, at the residence of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Baker, near Seely, Cowley County, Kansas, November 25th, 1885.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The beautiful autumn leaves, tastefully arranged, make handsome ornaments for the parlor. The time to gather them is on sunshiny days, when two people can sit on a stump, beneath the branches of a tree and talk the thing over waiting for the leaves to come around.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Pawnee County carried the D., M. & A. bonds by 400 majority. This about completes the entire line to Baxter Springs: bonds voted solidly all through.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The boys at work on the K. C. & S. W. had a big thanksgiving dinner at the Leland in A. C. yesterday, through the kindness of the company.


Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

W. W. Andrews left for California Saturday, to be absent some time.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Miss Anna Johnson, from Wheeling, West Virginia, a niece of Ed. Bedilion, is visiting him.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A number of the stores of the city are draped in mourning for the death of Vice-President Hendricks.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The S. K. passenger train, east bound, has changed its time to 4:57. The west bound gets here at the old time.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Henry Goldsmith will give the city a fight on the case against him for emptying his refuse paper into the street.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

THE COURIER force was the recipient of an elegant array of cake, from the Taylor- Limbocker wedding supper.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Judge Torrance returned yesterday from Illinois with his family. They got in just in time for the Thanksgiving turkey.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. W. R. McDonald left last Thursday for their old home, Cameron, West Virginia, to remain till after the Holidays.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

D. B. Van Sickel, a prominent attorney of Girard, Kansas, is in the city for a short visit with his brother-in-law, J. P. Sterling.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

G. W. Miller is through with his cattle business in the Territory for this season, and is at home to make hogs squeal, regardless of price.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

County Commissioner Irwin was over from Cambridge Thursday. He has been down with the fever for several weeks and is looking very dilapidated.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Ed. Weitzel, when he gets his big three story hotel done, will change its name from the Commercial to the St. James. The third story is now going up.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A. D. Speed is over from Wellington. He is ye landlord of the Arlington Hotel, in which "posish" he is the acme. He catches all the boys and is doing well.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Drs. D. M. DeCow and son, Frankie, of Durango, Colorado, are visiting a few days with Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Allen, being on their way to their old home in Canada.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Mrs. Mellia Zook has erected a handsome monument in honor of her departed husband. The erection of this elegant granite monument adds greatly to our already beautiful cemetery.

Saybrook Gazette.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Hon. J. D. Maurer was over from Grouse Thursday. He has just returned from a months ramble around the haunts of his youth, Miami County, Ohio. He gained thirteen pounds in corpulency and had a big time.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Henry E. Kibbey made his periodical visit to Winfield from Elk Falls, Saturday. There appears to be a very enticing attraction here for Henry. Who could blame him for yielding.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The fine bay team of Mr. Wilson, the miller of the Kellogg roller mills, took a spin on their own hook Saturday evening. Fortunately very little damage was donemostly excitement. A dray team scared them.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

I. Martin looks as though he had come in contact with Slugger Sullivan and got knocked clear out of the ring. His mask got twisted at the rink last night, and he knocked the stuffing out of a post. His eye and arm are both in a sling.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Joseph O'Hare got home from Topeka Thursday, where he appeared before the Supreme Court in the Riehl vs. Likowski case in which she sues Joe for damages for the death of her husband by whiskey. The case will be settled in a few days.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Mrs. C. Strong has returned from Fon Du Lac, Wisconsin, to where she accompanied the remains of Miss Delia Richardson.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

T. W. Myton, after a visit of a month or more with his brother, S. H., left last evening for his home, Huntingdon, Pennsylvania.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Henry Goldsmith was brought before Judge Turner Thursday, charged with dumping his waste paper in the street, without burning immediately, which is against the "statoots" made and provided therein. The trial was put off to Monday.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A. V. Alexander & Co., Arkansas City lumber dealers, have got their defaulting clerk, who skipped with $160 a few weeks ago. He is in official hands in Arizona, waiting the arrival of our Sheriff. Sheriff McIntire left today to bring him back.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Mr. Cohen showed us a letter this morning from Mrs. Brewster, wife of the president of the Oxford Bank, denying that Kirkland, the defaulting cashier, got away with any secret society funds. The letter states the downfall of Kirkland to be in dealing in options.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Died, at his parents' home, six miles southwest of Winfield, in Beaver township, Frankie, the sixth child of George H. and Martha A. Teter. Frankie was born October 5, 1882, and died November 22, 1885. The funeral services were held at the residence, conducted by Rev. J. H. Reider, of this city.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Last Friday J. B. Lynn came very near having a disastrous fire, but by prompt action it was put out and he notified the agents of the different companies that he was insured in. This morning W. J. Wilson, agent of the Lancashire Insurance Co. of England, paid his company's portion of the loss. It was the first company to pay.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Willie Reynolds fell over the stairway banister of the Second Ward school building last week, breaking his arm and wrist and otherwise bruising himself up. He fell head first about eight feet. A few years ago he had a foot split from toe to ankle while around a threshing machine, from which he limps badly. The weakness of this foot caused the disaster yesterday.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Robert C. Ivers filed a petition with District Clerk Pate asking a divorce from Julia A. Ivers. He filed a petition last spring. A short time afterward they came together, kissed, made up, and the petition was withdrawn with a brighter future for their conjugal existence. But the old war was renewed this fall and now he swears quite for good. The charge is adultery. The case of the city of Udall vs. E. B. Bradley, an appeal from a fine of $5 and cost for running a dray without a license, was also filed yesterday.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Tom J. Eaton and Ed. J. McCulloch girded their loins and went forth last evening to assassinate all the game in the country. They stayed all night at T. P. Carter's, over on the Arkansas, and were out at daylight this morning to kill ducks. They didn't get any. But they found a bear in the brush. It had hardly snorted before the festive Nimrods had bored him. The animal squealed pitifully and the boys ran to grab it by the tail. It was a big black hog. The boys were thunderstruck, and started for home, accompanied by two meadow larks, a cotton tail, four sore fingers, torn raiment, and no ammunition.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Messrs. Gregg & Rice, our new nursery-men, are now in the field ready to accommodate all in need of first-class fruit or ornamental trees and shrubs of all kinds. Their general agent, Mr. H. W. Gilmore, is now a resident of our city. Mr. Gregg is now in the east and will probably be here with his family during the coming week. Mr. Rice's family will come with Mr. Gregg. This firm is now a home institution of our county, and we trust all of our citizens will give them a cordial welcome, and a liberal patronage. There is now no longer any need of ordering anything in the nursery line from any eastern parties. Patronage of our own people will result in advantage to ourselves and the county.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A young man from the rural districts was lounging about the courthouse Tuesday, remarks the Wellington Press, and was gobbled up by the sheriff to serve on a jury. He strenuously objected, but could give no good reason why he should not serve his country and was taken in. When asked by an attorney upon the case, if he was married or single, he confusedly answered that he did not know exactly. An explanation being demanded, he said that he had come to town to be married and while waiting for his girl, had been seized by the officer to serve upon the jury. Amid the roar of the court room audience, he was excused. In the meantime the girl came to town and could not find her lover and had several persons out looking for him. The reluctant juryman finally got free. He could not find the girl for some time, and after he did find her and went with her to the probate judge's office, he had gone. But he was finally hunted up and the couple, fully believing all their troubles at an end, were made one.


Sudden Death of the Vice President of the United States at Indianapolis.

No One Present When His Life Passed AwayHis Previous Indisposition.

Consternation in Washington.

A Cabinet Council Immediately Held and Official Action Taken.

He Was Long Known to be Suffering From Heart Disease.

A Sketch of His Career.

The Political Consequences of the Unfortunate Event.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

INDIANAPOLIS, IND., November 26. Vice President Hendricks died very suddenly at his residence a few minutes before five o'clock yesterday afternoon. Mr. Hendricks came from Chicago early in the week and complained of feeling unwell, but nothing serious was thought of it at the time. Tuesday night the Vice President and Mrs. Hendricks attended a reception at the residence of the Hon. J. J. Cooper, and after he came home, he complained of pains in his side and stomach. In the morning he was no better and his family physician, Dr. Thompson, was called in. He gave him an emetic and later in the day an injection. Mr. Hendricks stayed in his room all day, and the most of the time in bed, although he sat up at frequent intervals. Mr. Hendricks received no callers, but about five o'clock Mrs. Hendricks left his bedside to see a caller for a few minutes in the parlor. She was delayed longer than she expected, and when she returned to the room, she found that Mr. Hendricks was dead. The end of a busy and eventful life had come peaceably and quietly. On his face there were no indications of pain or suffering, and his eyes were only half closed, as if in a gentle sleep.


Dr. W. C. Thompson and relatives of the family were immediately sent for. There was a scene of much confusion at the house, and it was with the greatest difficulty that any information could be obtained further than that given above. There was nobody in the Vice President's room when he died, and only Mrs. Hendricks, the servants, and a caller were in the house. Mrs. Hendricks was almost distracted with grief and could not restrain her feelings sufficiently to talk. The house was soon filled with anxious friends, while a crowd collected around the door and it was found necessary to refuse them admission. Dr. Woodburn, who came in with Dr. Thompson, says that he is inclined to believe the Vice President's death was caused by some affection of the heart, for had it been apoplexy, there would have been some indications of it in the appearance of his face. He complained principally of his stomach in the morning, although there was a nervous twitching of the muscles of his face. The news spread throughout the city like a wildfire and all the fire and other bells in the city wee tolled sixty-six timesone stroke for each year of his life. All the newspapers put out bulletins and their offices were crowded with people anxious to learn the particulars. Manifestations of sorrow were universal as the deceased was personally known to a large number of people, irrespective of party, with whom he was a favorite.


In attending the reception of the Hon. John J. Cooper, Treasurer of State, Tuesday night, Mr. Hendricks had taken off the heavy clothing which he usually wore and put on a dress suit of lighter material; and before he got home he complained of chilliness and a certain degree of exhaustion, but attributed it to malarial influences. He sat by the fire for an hour or more before retiring, but declined to send for a physician although urged to do so. He slept restlessly until about eight o'clock yesterday morning, when he arose, dressed himself, and ate quite a hearty breakfast, saying that he felt much better and intended to attend to considerable delayed business during the day. The Vice President and Mrs. Hendricks walked out for nearly half an hour in the morning and he apparently regained his physical vigor and cheerfulness. An hour later, however, he began to be troubled with pains in the region of the stomach and Mrs. Hendricks sent for the family physician, Dr. W. C. Thompson, a life-long and confidential friend of the Vice President. As the pains in the stomach continued to increase, he was given an emetic and afterward an injection, and relief came in the natural way. He arose from his bed, in which he had lain only a few minutes, and read the morning papers, talking cheerfully to his wife and an old house servant. Just before noon he had a relapse, however, and his physician was again summoned and administered the usual remedies, beside bleeding the patient, and Mr. Hendricks again expressed himself as being greatly relieved. He remained in his room all the afternoon, occasionally rising from his bed, to which he was compelled to return by the recurrence of the abdominal pains.


To all callers who came, and they were numerous, Mr. Hendricks sent word that he was indisposed, but would be glad to see them next day. About 4:30 o'clock Mrs. Hendricks, who had been at his bedside all day, went down into the parlor to see a caller, who had come to consult with her regarding the affairs of a reformatory institution, of which she was one of the managers. She remained with him about twenty minutes. Tom, a colored servant, and Harry Morgan, Mrs. Hendricks' nephew and page in Washington, remained with him. The servant went out and Mr. Morgan stayed. Mr. Hendricks tossed uneasily in his bed and complained of great pain, but suddenly it seemed to cease and he said to his nephew: "I am free at last. Send for Eliza," meaning his wife. These were his last words, for the young man, not realizing the urgency of the message, did not deliver it at once. Just before five o'clock, Mrs. Hendricks came into the room and found that her husband was dead. The end of a long and eventful life had come peacefully and quietly. He lay in the bed, outside of the covering, only partially disrobed, with his eyes half closed as if he were in a gentle sleep. On his face there were no traces of pain or suffering, but a pallor had come over it that indicated only too plainly that he had passed away. It needed no close examination to tell that he was dead, and Mrs. Hendricks screamed and ran downstairs. A servant was dispatched to the residence of Dr. Thompson, adjoining, and he came immediately, but by the time he had reached the bedside the limbs of the distinguished dead man were becoming cold and rigid, and to Mrs. Hendricks' pathetic appeal: "Oh, doctor, can't you do something?" he was obliged to answer: "It is too late."


Mrs. Hendricks became almost distracted with grief and it was an hour or more before she became sufficiently composed to give any information about her husband's last moments. The family servants, two of whom had lived with them for years, ran about the house crying and moaning, and there was the utmost confusion for a time. When the news was bulletined downtown, it was generally discredited and in a very few minutes one hundred or more of Mr. Hendricks' close political and personal friends had hurried to the house. Very soon a great crowd collected around the entrance, and on the street it was found necessary to refuse admission to any and all comers except the immediate relatives. Mr. Hendricks died in his private chamber, a large, comfortable room in which he did the most of his work. Near his bedside was a case containing legal and political works, and on his desk were his papers, memoranda, and a large number of letters, which had been allowed to accumulate without answering in the last two or three days. His dressing gown and slippers were at his bedside, and nearby was a small stand on which were various medicines and a goblet of water. Portraits, landscapes, and bric-a-brac adorned the walls of the room and were in striking contrast with the sad scene within.


Dr. Thompson says that in his opinion Mr. Hendricks died of paralysis of the brain and there will probably be a post mortem examination to establish what the disease was. For several years Mr. Hendricks had not been a robust man and was subject to frequent "bad spells," as he called them, during which he would be prostrated sometimes for days at a time. About two years ago, he was confined to his room for several weeks by a gangrenous affection of the foot which, at the time, it was feared would result in blood poisoning, and it was then thought that the end of his life was near at hand, but he apparently recovered entirely from this and was in his usual health. While in Washington during the last session of Congress, he was overworked and almost worn out by the press of political matters and upon his return home he signified his intention of laying aside all public business this summer and devoting the time to recreation. He spent three weeks at Atlantic City fishing, bathing, and yachting, and then came west and went to the northern lake resorts and afterward to the Miami reservoir in Ohio on a fishing expedition. He returned from there two weeks ago and at the time said that he never felt better in his life. Last week by special invitation the Vice President attended the Fat Stock Show at Chicago and was the recipient of considerable attention there in the way of banquets and receptions, returning home on Saturday. He was indisposed then. At the reception he attended Tuesday night, however, he appeared to be unusually cheerful and remained much later than was his custom on such occasions.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

WASHINGTON, November 26. The news of the Vice President's death reached this city about six o'clock last night in press bulletins, and after receiving them, the President soon after received a telegram from ex-Congressman W. H. English confirming the report. Upon the receipt of this, the President's private secretary addressed the following notice to each member of the Cabinet.

EXECUTIVE MANSION, November 25. Sir: The President directs me to inform you that the Vice President died of paralysis, at his home in Indianapolis at five o'clock this afternoon. The members of the Cabinet are requested to meet the President at 8:30 o'clock tonight. Very respectfully, DANIEL S. LAMONT, Private Secretary.

The Cabinet began to assemble almost immediately, and the officials began to call at the White House for information as to what was to be done. The cabinet meeting was attended by all the members except Secretary Manning and Attorney-General Garland. It was decided that the President and the members of the Cabinet should attend the funeral. When the Cabinet adjourned the President issued the following.

To the People of the United States:


November 25. Thomas A. Hendricks, Vice President of the United States, died today at five o'clock at Indianapolis, and it becomes my mournful duty to announce the distressing fact to his fellow countrymen. In respect to the memory and the eminent and varied services of this high official and patriotic servant, whose long career was so full of usefulness and honor to his State and to the United States, it is ordered that the National flag be displayed at half mast upon all the public buildings of the United States; that the executive mansion and the several executive departments in the city of Washington be closed on the day of the funeral, and be draped in mourning for the period of thirty days, that the usual and appropriate military and naval honors be rendered; and that on all the legations and consulates of the United States in foreign countries, the National flag shall be displayed at half mast on the reception of this order, and the usual emblems of mourning be adopted for thirty days. By the President. GROVER C. CLEVELAND.

T. F. BAYARD, Secretary of State.

The following was sent to the Secretary of the Senate.

To the Hon. Anson G. McCook, Secretary of the Senate:

EXECUTIVE MANSION. Washington, D. C. November 25. I am directed by the President to inform you that he has received intelligence of the death of the Hon. Thomas A Hendricks, Vice President of the United States, and to convey you his suggestion that you take immediate steps, in conjunction with the Clerk of the House of Representatives, to secure a proper representation of Congress at the funeral of the deceased. Very respectfully, your obedient Servant, DANIEL S. LAMONT, Private Secretary.

The President was just sitting down to dinner when the following dispatch was handed him.

To President Cleveland: INDIANAPOLIS, IND., November 25. Vice President Hendricks died suddenly this afternoon. Disease probably paralysis. WILLIAM H. ENGLISH.

Mr. Cleveland was greatly shocked at the news it contained, and immediately sent the following telegram to Mrs. Hendricks.

MRS. T. A. Hendricks, Indianapolis.

EXECUTIVE MANSION, WASHINGTON, D. C., November 25. The sudden and lamentable death of your husband excites my profound sympathy for you in this hour of your great bereavement, and I deeply mourn the decease of one so lately associated with me in the execution of the people's highest trust, while the nation mourns the loss of an honored citizen and faithful public servant. GROVER CLEVELAND.

Shortly afterward the President received the following.

INDIANAPOLIS, IND., November 25. Mr. Hendricks sent me a message after noon today at which time he was slightly unwell only. He died about four p.m., no one being present at the actual moment of his death. Dr. Thompson, his physician, thinks paralysis of the heart occasioned his death, which was wholly unexpected. WILLIAM H. ENGLISH.

The work of draping the White House and the various departments will begin this morning. A large force of workmen has been engaged for the purpose. Sergeant-at-Arms Canaday of the United States Senate has requested all the Senators now in the city to meet at the Judiciary Committee Room of the Senate at eleven o'clock today, to take action in regard to the funeral of Vice President Hendricks.


WASHINGTON, November 26. The announcement of the death of Vice President Hendricks was not a surprise to some of his most intimate Indiana friends here. Indeed, some of them predicted his early death some months ago and no one realized more fully than the Vice President himself his frail physical condition. He remarked to his private secretary some time ago that he believed he had discovered symptoms of apoplexy of the heart and that when he died it would be of that affection. A short time after the inauguration of President Cleveland, and while there were a number of prominent Hoosier Democrats in the city, a Democratic State Senator, who had been on intimate personal terms with Mr. Hendricks for many years, said in conversation: "I don't believe Mr. Hendricks will serve out the first year of his official life. Few people know his physical condition. His life hangs on the most slender thread. At this moment that gangrene difficulty has poisoned his blood. It has been taken up to his brain, has destroyed his nervous system, and he is liable to drop dead at any moment from paralysis, apoplexy, or one of a dozen troubles of the brain or heart. Really he has not the physical or mental strength that a Vice President should have. His mind is clear and strong except at intervals, when he is momentarily beclouded and loses all control of himself. I have frequently seen him fall asleep while in a conversation of an animated character when seated with a number of friends or in the chair of a presiding officer; he is liable at any moment to go to sleep or drop into a mental abstraction which makes him wholly oblivious to all that is occurring about him. There is not one chance in three that he will serve a year, and not one in twenty that he will serve out his term." Although very loth to speak upon the subject, the Vice President's private secretary last night intimated that the condition of Mr. Hendricks since his recent induction into office life was of the character above indicated. He said that the Vice President had lived in constant apprehension of death of affection of the heart.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Thomas Andrews Hendricks, Vice President of the United States, was born near Zanesville, Ohio, September 7, 1819. On the maternal side he is of Scotch descent. His mother, Jane Thomson, was a granddaughter of John Thomson, who emigrated from Scotland to Pennsylvania before the Revolution, and, by his representations of the advantages of the country, induced a large following of Scotchmen, by whom Cumberland County was chiefly settled. Thomas' grandfather was one of the pioneer settlers of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, and held various township and county offices, and was a member of the State Legislature. John Hendricks, the father of Thomas, was born in Ligonier Valley, and not long after his marriage moved to Zanesville, Ohio, and on a farm near that place Thomas was born.

When he was six months old his parents removed to Madison, Indiana, then the residence of his uncle, William Hendricks, who was successively a member of Congress, Governor of the State, and United States Senator. John Hendricks was appointed by President Jackson a deputy surveyor of public lands, and long served in that capacity. In 1832 he removed again, and located a homestead in the then sparsely settled county of Shelby, and the county town, Shelbyville, is upon a part of the old Hendricks farm.

In this home Thomas A. Hendricks passed his boyhood till 1837, when he entered Hanover College at Hanover, Indiana, from which he was graduated in 1841. His brother, Abram Hendricks, went through the course at the University of Ohio and at Hanover, and became a Presbyterian clergyman. Thomas went to Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, studied law in the office of his uncle, Judge Thomas, was admitted to the bar in 1843, and returned to Shelbyville, to practice. His success in his profession was phenomenal. In 1845 he married Eliza C. Morgan. They have no children, their only son having died in infancy. In the same year, at the age of twenty-six, he was sent to the State Legislature, where he served one term, but he would not accept a re-election. In 1851 he was elected without opposition a member of the convention that was called to revise and amend the State constitution of Indiana, and was prominent and efficient in that work.

In 1851, and again in 1853, he was a member of Congress from the Fifth District of Indiana. At the close of his second term he intended to return to his law practice, but President Pierce appointed him Commissioner of the General Land Office, and he served in that capacity for four years, administering the affairs of the office with great ability. In 1860 he was nominated as Democratic candidate for the Governorship of Indiana, but was defeated by the Republican candidate, Henry S. Lane, who became Governor by 9,757 majority. In the same year Mr. Hendricks removed from Shelbyville to Indianapolis, where, in 1862, he formed a law partnership with Oscar B. Hord, extended in 1866 to Mr. Hendricks' cousin, Colonel A. W. Hendricks, under the firm title of Hendricks, Hord & Hendricks.

From 1863 to March, 1869, Mr. Hendricks was a member of the United States Senate from Indiana, and was regarded as a Democratic leader in that body. He served efficiently on the Committees on Claims, the Judiciary, Public Lands, and Naval Affairs. He strongly opposed the Republican plan of reconstruction, and opposed the amendment to the constitution as being hasty. He did not wish to hinder the progress of rational settlements of great difficulties, but wanted to make haste slowly. In 1864 he advocated and voted for large appropriations to bring the war to a close and spoke eloquently in favor of an amendment to increase the pay of the soldiers fifty per cent, because of the depreciation of the currency.

In the Democratic National Convention of 1868, in New York, on the twenty-first ballot, he received 132 votes as candidate for the Presidency, standing next to General Hancock, who received 135½ ; but on the final ballot Horatio Seymour was nominated. In the autumn of that year he was again a candidate for the Governorship of Indiana, but was defeated by 941 majority by the Republican candidate, Conrad Baker, who afterward became a lawyer partner of Mr. Hendricks. At the close of his Senatorial term, he returned to Indianapolis, and resumed the practice of his profession.

In 1872 he was elected Governor of Indiana, defeating the Republican candidate, Thomas M. Brown, by a majority of 1,148. In July, 1874, he was Permanent Chairman of the State Democratic convention at Indianapolis. In the National Democratic convention at St. Louis in June, 1876, he received 133½ votes for the Presidential nomination, and when Samuel J. Tilden was nominated, he received 730 out of 738 votes as candidate for the Vice Presidency.

In 1877, and again in 1883, accompanied by Mrs. Hendricks, he made a brief tour in Europe as a relaxation from his arduous professional pursuits. He was a member of the National Democratic Convention at Chicago in July, 1884, and in behalf of the Indiana delegation nominated Joseph E. McDonald, of that State, for the Presidency. After the nomination of Grover Cleveland, William A. Wallace, of Pennsylvania, nominated Thomas A Hendricks for Vice President, and the entire 816 votes cast for him made him the unanimous nominee of the convention. He was at Saratoga when he was officially notified of his nomination, and subsequently made formal acceptance in a brief letter.

Mr. Hendricks was five feet nine inches tall, weighing 185 pounds. He was a consistent member of the Protestant Episcopal Church, and his private life was without a stain.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

WASHINGTON, November 25. The death of Vice President Hendricks created a profound sensation at the National Capital, hardly less than that which followed the assassination of President Garfield or the demise of General Grant. The community had retired to their houses and were dining with their families when the sad news was received and at once borne on the wings of the wind to every quarter of the city. Instantly people of all degrees rushed to the telegraph offices, hotels, and places of public resort to ascertain the particulars, and the lobby at Williard's became crowded with excited citizens, officials, and politicians, eagerly discussing the affair and speculating upon the possible effect which the death of the Vice President might exercise upon national affairs.

The ultra or extreme element of the Democracy with which Mr. Hendricks was universally popular, manifested feeling at the event which not only deprived them of the political services of so trusty a friend and counselor, but disturbed all plans and calculations concerning a possible tie in the Senate two years hence, which would, by the casting vote of the President, give the control of that body to the Democracy during the last two years of President Cleveland's administration.

As matters now stand it is but a repetition of the condition which existed when Vice President Wilson died November 21, 1875, just ten years and four days ago. Congress was not in session, the Forty-fourth Congress assembling on the first Monday in December, 1875, and hence there was neither President pro tempore of the Senate nor Speaker of the House, and only the life of the then President, General Grant, interposed against a nation without a head. There is now the one life of President Cleveland similarly intervening.

Congress has repeatedly considered bills providing for the Presidential succession to like cases, but none have become laws. Senator Hoar vainly endeavored to secure the passage of this bill at the last Congress, and likewise Congressman Eaton in the House, but no agreement was reached.

It will be remembered that prior to the adjournment of the special session of the Senate last March, an effort was made at the closing hours to elect a president pro tem., but it was defeated by the action of Vice President Hendricks, who hastily adjourned the body before the Republican majority could select Mr. Edmunds. When Congress convenes the Senate will proceed at once to elect a President pro tem., and the chances favor the selection of General Logan, who will become acting Vice President, although defeated for the Vice Presidency at the last election.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The British elections, so far as heard from on the 24th, showed Conservative gains.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Three hunters were reported hanged by farmers near Jonesboro, Arkansas. The hunters had set fire to the undergrowth.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Joe Emmett, the actor, was recently taken from the St. James Hotel, New York, to Bellevue Hospital, suffering from delirium tremens.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A meeting of Socialists was held recently at Amsterdam which ended in a riot. The police cleared the hall and dispersed the mob with drawn sabers.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Jacob Snider, an employee at the Pithgow manufactory, Louisville, had his head crushed recently between the elevator and floor, killing him instantly.

The Allan Line steamship Buenos Ayres, which arrived at Greenock, Scotland, on the 24th from Montreal, was quarantined, small-pox having broken out on board.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The new steel cruisers Boston and Atlanta will be ready to receive their crews about March 1 next, and the Chicago will be launched at Chester early in December.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Thomas A. Doyle has been re-elected Mayor of Providence, Rhode Island, by 2,940 majority over Asa Lyman, Prohibitionist. The Republicans had no candidate. License secured 826 majority.




Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Snow is already two feet deep in the region about Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, and still falling. The storm is the heaviest for years.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Junction City Union: It is understood that all the druggists in Dickinson County were indicted by the recent grand jury.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Mr. Riel has only been hanged, but the French-Canadians are making almost as much fuss about it as if he had been vaccinated.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Congress meets soon and there will be a confrontation of interest again in Washington. We shall keep our readers posted on events as they transpire.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Lieutenant General Sheridan and Inspector General Baird will leave Washington in a few days, by direction of the President, to visit Arizona in connection with the recent Indian troubles.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

When Servia and Bulgaria tire each other out, Austria and Russia will step in, arrest both parties for disorderly conduct, and confiscate their possessions to pay the fines and costs.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A terrible cyclone swept over the Philippine Islands yesterday. Eight thousand buildings, including numerous churches and school buildings, were destroyed, and twenty-two persons were killed.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A gentleman who claims to know, and who, by the way, is a scholar and a Christian, says that the only difference between Kansas and Paradise is that Kansas is receiving much the heaviest immigration and has the best roads.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A rural exchange asks the question: "What does George Martin, of the Junction City Union, want?" For the information of our neighbor, we will state that George probably wants the Democratic nomination for governor. Ex.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Osage Chronicle: Kansas newspaper men who want to be State printer should reflect that eight years of annoyances and disappointments in that position made a sad wreck of the once sunny temperament of poor George Martin, of the Junction City Union.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The high tides along the coast, from Massachusetts to New Jersey, are almost unprecedented. Serious damage has been done in many places. An earthquake wave caused the tide to rise three feet above high water mark on the 24th.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

General Sherman recently mailed the following reply, without his signature, to a letter requesting a lock of his hair and an autograph: "I regret to state that, as my orderly is bald, and that the man who formerly wrote my autographs has been dismissed, I cannot comply with this request."

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The postal authorities arrested three notorious crooks, Pat Lavin, Bob Dowdall, and Henry Clayton, in Wyandotte, Kansas, yesterday. They are suspected of several postoffice robberies in Kansas and Nebraska and when arrested were selling stamps at a wholesale discount. It is thought a strong gang has been broken up.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

There has been no fuss made about it, but the citizens of Galena, Grant's old home, have just erected a monument to the memory of their former fellow citizen. It is a massive and tall shaft of Rhode Island granite, with a medallion portrait of the great chieftain on one of the faces. This is the first monument erected in memory of the great deed, and appropriately so at the place where Grant so long resided and labored, and from which he departed to begin a career unequaled in the records of history.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Speaking of purchasable voters, the Osage City Free Press says: "In this country the `darkies' are not half as easy to buy as some white men. In fact, the bribery of voters in Osage County is chiefly confined to the white men who live in the towns. Politics has nothing to do with it. It is a mere question with them of amount. They try to get the most they can, sell out as often as possible, and if they cannot get $2.50, they will take a quarter. This must be broken up. Let the leading men of all parties join hands on this proposition."

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

It is said that rip-roaring Bill Hackney, of Cowley County, who figured so prominently in framing the first prohibitory law while in the state senate, has experienced religion. Such a report can hardly be true. If it is, there is still hope for the country. Leavenworth Times.

We believe nothing new in relation to Bill's religious experience has occurred, but he was always religious and mild mannered. It is believed that the editor of the Times has experienced a religion which opens his eyes to the fact that saloons are and always will be the most dangerous and determined enemies of the Republican party as well as of the welfare of the community at large; and will incite him hereafter to help Hackney "pulverize the rum power." When such men as D. R. Anthony experience that kind of religion, there is indeed "hope for the country."

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A great war of telegraph rates is imminent between the Western Union and its prospective rival, the Baltimore & Ohio. The plan of the conflict which it is reported will commence in a few days will first be developed by the announcement by the Western Union of a 5 cent rate to all points between Boston, Philadelphia, Washington, and Baltimore reached by the Baltimore & Ohio wires, and a ten cent rate to all the most distant places, such as Chicago, Cincinnati, St. Louis, and other western cities east of the Mississippi river covered by the competing lines. These will be the lowest rates ever known in telegraphic circles, and it is predicted they will cause the fiercest kind of competition. It is claimed that there is not room for two companies to do business at a profit, hence the probable movement on the part of the Western Union to adopt heroic measures to freeze out the other company.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A set of scoundrels about Washington have been trying various dodges to swindle Union soldiers until it is now hard work to get up a scheme that will catch on, and they have now turned their attention to the confederate soldier, taking advantage of the fact that a Democratic administration is in power. Circulars are sent out addressed to ex-confederates asking if they were conscripted or otherwise "pressed" into the confederate service. It then goes on to say that the constitution of the United States pledges protection to all its citizens, and if they were forced to do service in the war they are entitled to damages, and that an appropriation is expected from Congress to pay these damages. The law of England is quoted to sustain this statement. But each person address is requested to remit $5 to the attorneys for the purpose of defraying expenses in procuring such appropriation. Some philosopher has said that the best evidence of the drift of public sentiment is the plans and devices of the rascals in society. The above scheme simply discounts the popular opinion of the party in power on the confederate question. As about 150,000 men are supposed to be alive who were confederate conscripts, one way or the other, five dollars from one in ten of them would be a pretty little sum to pay for circulars with.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

We will send THE WEEKLY COURIER and the LEAVENWORTH WEEKLY TIMES for one year for two dollars, to any subscriber paying up all arrearages and in advance. Or THE COURIER and the AMERICAN FARMER, a sixteen page monthly, for $1.75, or the three for $2.25. This arrangement will continue until January 1st. It is one of the best we have been able to offer and will pay every subscriber to take advantage of it.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

There is proposed a "call for a national Republican temperance convention," to meet at Toledo, Ohio, May 12th, 1886, with delegations made up in the usual way of Republican national conventions, to consult and take measures to make prohibition one of the planks of the Republican national and state platforms.

We do not think such a convention would do any good and do think it would be likely to do much hurt to both the Republican party and prohibition cause. It would tend to divide and disorganize the friends of both and to arouse prejudices and jealousies unnecessarily.

In Kansas prohibition is a part of the Republican creed and is there to stay. In Iowa, Maine, and perhaps some other states, the Republican party has adopted or might adopt this article of political faith and sustain it. In other states it depends on the strength of prohibition sentiment. All that Republican prohibitionists have to do is to attend the primary meetings of the Republican party and secure if they can the election of delegates to the county and state conventions, which will express and carry out their views in this respect. When in a majority of these states, the Republicans have adopted the reform; when the Republicans can elect delegates to a national convention, a majority of whom are for national prohibition, it will be quite time enough to attempt the thing, and then, the regular national convention of the party is the place in which to consult and settle the policy of the national party on this question. Until then the work must be done at the primaries and in the county and state conventions.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The funeral of the late Vice President Hendricks takes place tomorrow noon. The pall bearers will be prominent citizens of Indianapolis, all old friends of the deceased. A meeting of the cabinet has been held in Washington in which arrangements were made for the president and cabinet to attend the funeral. A strong protest has arisen against the attendance of the president, on the ground that it is improper for the president to expose himself to the dangers of railroad traveling while the peace and quiet of the nation rests on his life. This protest looks to us as childish. We do not think it necessary in this country to keep the chief magistrate cooped up in a castle and surrounded by guards to prevent attacks or accidents, as is the case with the Czar of Russia. If the ordinary dangers of railroad traveling are such as to make it imprudent for a president to travel a thousand miles, they are such as should prevent all railroad travel until the matter can be improved.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

La Cygne, Kansas, Nov. 25. In the district court of Linn County today, Judge French sentenced Robert Wisner, of this city, to four months imprisonment and pay a fine of $500 and costs, for violation of the prohibitory liquor law.


Interesting Items Gleaned From State Exchanges.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Severy Journal: The new railroad from Beaumont to Winfield is doing a splendid business already.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Dodge City Globe: A large prairie fire may have been seen Saturday night on the south side of the river that illuminated the country for a stretch of eight or ten miles, which from appearance was not beyond eight miles from the city.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

It is asserted that an improved process of making Bessemer steel has been discovered in works at Pittsburg whereby steel equal in quality to crucible steel, which costs 11 cents a pound, can be made for a little over one cent a pound.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Ex-Mayor John B. Bowman, of East St. Louis, was assassinated last night in front of his own door. He was a man of great energy of purpose, prominent in East St. Louis politics, and had many enemies among the factions in that city.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A number of people who drank water from an old well recently opened in Chester County, Pennsylvania, have been poisoned. Two of those who drank the water, a Miss Poole and a man named Townsend, died Thursday.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The recent decision of Judge David Martin, of Atchison, has created a stampede among the saloon keepers in that city. They will either have to flee to poor old Missouri or Leavenworth.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Biscuits were eaten in a McPherson, Kansas, hotel recently made from flour ground from wheat which was standing in the field 90 minutes previous to the call for supper. Kansas leads in everything.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

While using a vulcanizer in Coldwater, Michigan, Thursday afternoon, Dr. Allen Cope, a dentist of that city, had his right arm blown off and was otherwise severely injured by an explosion of the machine. He is in a critical condition.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

At Troy, Ohio, recently, Washington Rice was awakened by a burglar who demanded his money. Rice shot the man in the side and he was captured. He gave his name as Joseph Porter and said he came from Illinois.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

St. Paul is going to build an ice palace this winter. It is suggested that it be built half way between St. Paul and Minneapolis, for the coolness between these cities will cause it, doubtless, to last well into the summer.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Counterfeiting the money of the realm seems to be quite an industry, when it is said over $300,000 worth of spurious money has been captured during the present year by the secret service detectives of the government.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

There are already fifty-six old soldiers in the soldiers' home at Leavenworth.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A new town called An Dale has just been started twenty miles west of Wichita.

[Present day spelling is "Andale."]

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The telephone line between Wamego and Fostoria, a distance of twenty-seven miles, will soon be completed.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A disastrous fire occurred in Lebo, Coffey County, last Friday. The loss was fully $30,000. Insurance $12,000.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

An infant child, 20 months old, died on the 18th, inst., in Kansas City, Kansas, within two hours after eating eight bananas.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Howard Mattison, aged 16 years, accidentally shot and killed James Conklin, aged 12 years, last Saturday near Washington, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The Coyville mills, Wilson County, were entirely destroyed by fire on the morning of November 18. The property was partially insured.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A little boy accidentally shot his playmate at Pratt Center last Thursday. The wounded boy may live, although he has five or six fine shot in his lungs.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The New York Witness urges Protestants not to vote for Roman Catholics. The Witness is the silliest and meanest paper in the United States.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

It is said that Russian women talk less than American women. This is due to the language. One Russian word is calculated to last a talkative woman some time.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Beecher's doctrine of evolution, as contained in his new book on that subject, is not as far to the front as many of scientists have gone, but it is a step forward. That step will not be retraced. The world moves.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The Anarchists asked at their Thanksgiving day meeting, "What are we to be thankful for?" Why, you should be thankful because you are out of jail; for if in the country you came from, you were to hold public meetings and make speeches, and pass resolutions threatening to murder employers, burn up property, and rob and destroy stores, you would be arrested and cast into prison, every one of you.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A fine vein of eighteen inch coal has been found at Mulvane in Sumner County. Several Exchanges.

No doubt of it, for several veins of 18 inch coal have at sundry times been found in Butler, Cowley, and Sedgwick counties adjoining, and why should not such be found in Sumner, and especially at Mulvane so near the corners of these four counties. But the trouble is that this 18 inch coal is not a good kind of coal and is of no earthly use for fuel. It usually cannot be distinguished from slate or blue stone, but is so shelly that it cannot be used for building purposes. Its only use is to get up a boom with and even at that it is not equal to our Cowley gold ore and solid silver mines.

Perhaps Mulvane has a duplicate of Bent Murdock's coal hole of a few years ago which had been salted with a few little lumps of Anthracite. It would not take more than six lumps of nut coal to make an 18 inch vein.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Mr. M. M. Whelan, representative of the Janauschek Company, was in the city yesterday making arrangements for the appearance of this great tragedienne here on Saturday evening next, December 5th, in Shakespeare's illustrious tragedy, "Macbeth." The Sacramento Sun says of a recent performance in that city: "A large and fashionable audience greeted the first appearance of Madame Janauschek at the Metropolitan theater last night, when the lady appeared as "Lady Macbeth." She was well supported by her splendid company, which includes Messrs. George D. Chaplin, Jas. Carden, A. H. Stuart, B. W. Turner, Connor, Beverly, Brens, and Fisher, and Misses Rand, De Forest, Nelson, and Lyster. Madame Janauschek has not lost any of her old-time fire and strength in acting. It is pleasant to realize that she has been so long on the stage and has not lost any of her vitality. Her efforts last night were fully appreciated, and she was called before the curtain twice. Macbeth was repeated at the matinee this afternoon, which was largely attended. Her acting in heavy parts is superb, and in them she has justly earned the title of the greatest living actress."


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Architect Ritchie has completed a sketch of the City Building, east elevation. It shows the building to be a model of artistic architecture: one a great credit to the city.


Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

New Salem still flourishes, and its inhabitants ought to grow fat if they always have as much to east as on Thanksgiving day and evening.

The Presbyterian Ladies Aid Society gave a supper and only charged 25 cents a ticket, and although the evening was dark and a heavy mist falling, a goodly number were there, and a trifle over thirty dollars was cleared. All seemed to enjoy themselves. Had the evening been fine, we presume the hall would not have accommodated all the goods. Did we all offer thanks to the bountiful giver of all our blessings?

The Methodist, Baptist, and Presbyterian ministers have been holding a series of union meetings in the M. E. church and several have manifested a desire to seek a higher life than this world can give. May they all find the "pearl of great price" and live happy and useful lives.

Rev. Bicknell has been sick for several days and is thus unable to perform the duties he wishes to do. He is better at present and hopes soon to be with his people.

The Rev. Hopkins has also been quite ill and is still confined to his room and bed.

The Hoyland family is happy over the arrival of Mrs. Erickson and her three lively little daughters from Argyle, Wisconsin. Old joys are talked over and time seems to fly rapidly when loved ones are with us whom we know we cannot keep forever. Mrs. Erickson and girls are highly pleased with Kansas and think they could live happily here. We only hope the husband and father will like our bright prairies as well when he comes to visit Kansas relatives.

W. C. Douglass is in this vicinity on business and pleasure.

Mrs. Gilmore is thinking of going west to spend the winter with her daughter, Mrs. Douglass. We shall miss her smiling face, but congratulate Mrs. Douglass on the acquisition of her dear mother to her lonely household.

Mrs. John Davis has returned from her visit in Winfield and reports a fine time. Mr. Davis has also returned from his hunting expedition in the Indian Territory. Pass around the venison, Mr. Davis. There were eleven in their party and they captured sixteen deer and piles of turkeys.

Mr. Edgar and family have moved to Salem.

G. D. Vance and family occupy the house vacated by Edgar's.

The G. A. R. Post have taken in quite a number of new members and the old members and their wives prepared a sumptuous repast for the new members and their wives. And again on Friday evening, the 25th, they had goodies of various kinds with oysters sandwiched between. Salemites live to eat, or eat to live, I don't know which.

On Sabbath there was quarterly meeting at the M. E. church. A good attendance, sermon, and collection. Everything passed off nicely and a good time by all that participated in the feast of love and good will. Four additions to the church by letter.

"Billy" Potter gladdened the hearts of his Salem friends by his presence for a day or two last week.

Mr. Perry has put up a nice little stable.

Mrs. Fitzgerald is visiting friends in this vicinity.

Mrs. Vance is quite ill at present; hope she will recover soon.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

W. S. Rigden was in Winfield Saturday.

Quite a number from Cambridge attended church here Sunday night.

Link Branson attended the necktie party at Dexter Thursday night.

Mrs. G. W. Wilson has been suffering for several days with neuralgia.

Miss Mary Calvin is quite sick with the fever. Hope she is not dangerous, and will soon recover.

Miss Day and Gans were at Capital Hill Sunday. Hope they will call again.

A number of young men from Burden were in Torrance Sunday, but not over on the Hill.

Mr. Coleman, our station agent, is at home visiting his parents for a few days. Mr. Brownfield, from Attica, has charge of the depot during his absence. We are sorry he can't stay with us longer.

Mr. Hull has a niece visiting here.

Mrs. McCalet, nee Laura Gardenhire, who has been visiting her parents here, returned to her home in the nation Friday. She was accompanied by her brothers, Jake and Charlie.

Mrs. Ida Straughan spent Sunday with Laura Elliott.

Mr. Abbott took his family to Winfield last week to make it their home.

Mr. Evans had built an addition to his house, making him a real neat little residence.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Anticipating making a change in our business the 1st of January, we will from now until that date offer goods at greatly reduced prices for cash. Our stock of HARDWARE and TINWARE will be closed out at COST. All parties being indebted to us will please call and settle.


Winfield, Kansas, November 19, 1885.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Recap Sheriff's Sale. G. H. McIntire to sell Monday, December 14, 1885, property to settle District Court order, The Traveler's Insurance Co., Plaintiff, vs. Mathew S. Hooker, Elizabeth A. Hooker, A. D. Wear, and Bertha E. Savage, Defendants.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Recap Sheriff's Sale. G. H. McIntire to sell Monday, December 14, 1885, property to settle District Court order, The Traveler's Insurance Co., Plaintiff, vs. Myron F. Munson and Jennie A. Munson, Defendants.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Recap Sheriff's Sale. G. H. McIntire to sell Monday, January 4, 1886, property to settle District Court order, Eliza Reihl, Plaintiff, versus Joseph Likowski, Defendant. Property described: One-fourth interest in Lot No. 8, Block 109, Winfield. Said property was appraised at $1,200.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Recap Notice of Final Settlement in the matter of the estate of Nathan M. Schofield, deceased, by James E. Schofield, Administrator.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Recap Notice of Final Settlement in the matter of the estate of Joseph F. Vermilye, deceased, by Robert P. Vermilye, Administrator.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Recap Notice of Final Settlement in the matter of the estate of M. T. Covert, deceased, by T. S. Covert, Administrator.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Recap Notice of Final Settlement in the matter of the estate of Albert T. Shenneman, deceased, by Ella C. Blair, Administratrix. Settlement to be made January 4, 1886.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Recap. Assignees Notice of the Adjusting of Accounts. To creditors in the estate of J. E. Coulter, assignor, by Wm. B. Norman, Assignee of J. E. Coulter, Assignor. Dated at Winfield, December 3, 1885. Hackney & Asp, Attorneys for Assignee. Date: April 12, 1886.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Mr. Edward Sidel was the chief assistant to the architect for the Exposition Buildings at New Orleans. He writes that he used St. Jacobs Oil with the best effects in a severe case of rheumatism, and recommends it to all similarly afflicted as the quickest and most certain remedy.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

N. Davis, R. W. Bortin, and Mrs. R. Higgins were over from Grenola today.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.


From the Medical and Surgical Health Institute, of Kansas City, Mo., of which Institute he is Surgeon in Charge, will receive at the parlor of the Brettun hotel, any person desirous of consulting the Doctor on any chronic disease of the Lungs, Heart, Liver or Kidneys, the Nervous System, and Female Diseases. Dr. Eberle's success in the treatment of Chronic Diseases has been exceptionally phenomenal. By his accurate diagnosis and kill in treatment, he cures many diseases which are considered by other physicians INCURABLE.

Dr. Eberle is a graduate of the McGill University of Montreal, Canada, and has been Professor of Histology and Medical Microscopy for the past two years in the Kansas City Medical College. He is acknowledged by all to be unrivaled in his specialties. The Doctor especially invites persons afflicted with Piles, which he cures without any PAINFUL PROCEDURE whatever, and without any detention from business. He makes it possible for every woman to treat her own WEAKNESSES by his simple Method of cure. The New Antiseptic Specific, or his COMMON SENSE CONSUMPTION CURE for any disease of the Lungs, Throat, or Nose. Only curable diseases will be treated by the Doctor, and there is no money required until the CURE is permanent. No charges for consultation. Winfield, Kansas, At the Brettun,


Wichita, Nov. 22, 1885.This certifies that we have been visited by Dr. H. A. Eberle, of Kansas CitySurgeon in Charge of Med. And Serg. Health Institute, and are pleased with the improvement in our state of health and also with the Doctor's faithfulness and promptness in his visits and we recommend the Doctor to others similarly affected.

R. Jackson, Arthur Steele, Almira Jackson, A. A. Adamson.

Abilene, Sept. 10, 1885.We, the undersigned people of Dickinson Co., have been taking treatment, both medical and surgical, from Dr. H. A. Eberle, of the Medical and Surgical Health Institute, Kansas City, Mo., and we express our unqualified satisfaction with the services of the Doctor, curing many of us whom other physicians have pronounced incurable. We heartily recommend the Doctor to others similarly afflicted.W. R. Moore, Mrs. Nessley, A. G. Buchanan, Miss Mary Engle, Mrs. N. A. Holland, Mrs. J. R. Dunlap, Orlando Fenton, J. N. Shick, Mrs. P. H. Burt.

This is to certify that I was affected with Piles and disease of the Liver and Kidneys and have been greatly benefitted by treatment from Dr. H. A. Eberle. Have not felt so well for years. My Piles seem entirely cured.

J. M. Stewart.Abilene, Nov. 6, 1885.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.


We take Pleasure in announcing that we have received, this week NEW GOODS In every department and can show you in MEN'S SUITS!

New GoodsFall Suits at $5, $6, $8 and $10; Nice Dress Suits at $12.50 to $20.00; Boys Suits from $3 to $10; Children's Suits and Overcoats from $2.00 to $4.50; Men's OVERCOATS At $2.50, $5.00, $6.00, $7.50, $8.50, and $10.00. We give these figures from our new stock MARKED IN PLAIN FIGURES. Do not be deceived by Cost Sale on old Shelf Worn Goods. We have the largest and best FURNISHING GOODS Ever offered to the trade in this section. Good, heavy Knit Shirts or Drawers at .20, .50, .75 and $1. If you will consult your interests you will examine this stock of


A full line of wove, Half-Hosiery. Silk and Linen Handkerchiefs and Mufflers. Fur wove, Buck, Kid and Doeskin GlovesFleece-lined Gloves at the very lowest prices. Men's, Boy's, and Children's Chinchilla and other caps. Now is the time to make your purchases and select your presents from elegant lines of Fine Goods. We claim the largest stock of new goods ever seen in Winfield. You are Respectfully invited to join the good people of the City and County, in the benefits derived from purchasing Clothing, Hats and Furnishing Goods from the only


Come and Examine for Yourself.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.






FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.


J. A. Bryan, an old Citizen of Dexter Township, Thrown From his

Wagon and his Neck Broken.Sad Ending of a Valued Life.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

J. A. Bryan, brother of T. R. Bryan, well-known in Winfield, and brother-in-law of Samuel Nicholson, of Dexter, was killed Tuesday afternoon about two o'clock, 3 miles northeast of Dexter, by being thrown from his wagon. He left home in the morning to go after a load of wood about three miles from his home, and after loading his wagon, started for home. After going about 2 miles and when near Roe Maurer's farm, in going down a long, steep hill, by some means the neck yoke gave way and his team started to run, throwing him to the ground head first, and it is supposed breaking his neck, as indications point to instantaneous death. There were no bones broken, as far as could be seen, and, from appearances, the only bruise or scratch was on the side of his head. The team ran about 300 yards when it became detached from the wagon and after running about 2 miles, stopped to feed on a wheat field, where Mr. Graham found them and went on in hunt of the owner, whom he found lying by the roadside. Word was immediately sent to Dexter and the authorities repaired to the scene and took charge of the body, which was placed in a wagon and conveyed to his home, where a heart-broken wife and two children awaited the arrival. As no one was with him at the time of the accident, various theories are advanced as to the manner of his death, and it is hard, at this time, to give very authentic details of the sad affair. Mr. Bryan was one of the oldest settlers of Dexter township and was highly respected by all. The people generally sympathize with his family in this their sad affliction. The remains will be buried Thursday at 10 o'clock, five miles east of Dexter. The funeral services will be conducted by Judge Gans.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The members of the National Union had another of their pleasant social gatherings at their hall last evening. This Order, though not so familiarly known, is one of the best secret societies existing, for general fraternity and mutual insurance. As its name indicates, it is a typical American institution, governed on the plan of our general government. The local body is a Council, the state body an Assembly, and the National body the Senate. The Senate is the supreme law-enacting power and every state membership of 500 entitles one senator; 3,500, two senators; and an additional senator for each 6,000 thereafter. The insurance is on the mutual plan, graded assessments on from $1,000 to $5,000, embracing, heretofore, all persons of good moral character and sound body, male or female, between the ages of twenty and fifty. A recent enactment excludes the ladies on the ground of too great risk. The insurance is among the cheapest and surest. The Winfield Council has a membership of seventy-three of the city's prominent gentlemen and ladies. It is offered by: Lewis Conrad, president; Mrs. C. D. Austin, vice-president; A. A. Howland, secretary; Dr. W. G. Graham, financial secretary and medical examiner; Wm. Newton, treasurer; Mrs. E. S. Bliss, speaker; Miss Emma Howland, chaplain. The gathering last night evidenced the success of the National Union as a Social Order. The hall was fullof people, and genuine social intercourse was mingled with a splendid supper, served in regular table style. These socials are indulged in often, including non-members as well as members.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The world of art is widening. Every year brings forth something new to attract lovers of fine artto please the aesthetic tastes of an aesthetic people. The latest novelty is Tinsel Arasene, a new style of painting that is attracting great attention at present. The Ladies Home Journal for September contains an interesting account of this art and its inventor. Mrs. G. W. Hartzell, of Portland, Oregon, an artist of much intelligence and refinement, is in the city, with rooms, at present, at the Olds House, and will teach this art. She displays some elegant samples of her handiwork. To acquire the art, no years and years of study, as in oil painting, are required, though when handsomely executed the work is equally attractive. It can be learned in five lessons, at a cost of three dollars. The patterns are stamped and the work is done with common lead paints and a steel pen. With colors nicely blended, and glossed with power "flitter," the effect on felt, flannel, or velvet is lovely. For dress ornament, hat linings, tidies, and various ornamental work it is unexcelledbeautiful and durable. Anybody can learn it. Those desiring a really elegant yet simple art should consult Mrs. Hartzell at once. She has had great success in introducing it in various cities of the State, as well as in the south, where she was acting commissioner of the Educational Departments of Nebraska and Louisiana at the World's Fair.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The Caney Chronicle, in Chautauqua County, is now managed and edited solely by Miss Retta Reynolds, a young lady of twenty-two. She makes a bright paper, far brighter than it ever was under male management. She is exceptionally independent, intelligent, and business like. There is no "taffy" about this assertion. Neither would there be about the assertion that the number of dudes who are shying around the Chronicle office since she is such a successful proprietress, is simply wonderful. But she only smiles sweetly on them, the coquettish girl, and with a most creditable self-confidence, says: "No!" and the dudes faint. There ought to be more such girls.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

At a meeting of the College Hill Co., held at Curns & Manser's office yesterday, the treasurer was instructed to pay to the treasurer of the South Western Kansas Conference College the first installment on its subscription of $10,000 to the College building, amounting to $3,333.35, which has been done and receipted for. The subscriptions made by the citizens of Winfield to this College are being paid promptly and satisfactorily, and there is nothing to prevent its completion for the fall term of 1886.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Don't count too much on a mild winter. While we think we will not have near as cold a winter as lastand may have a warm onewe may have some cold blasts, and that quite soon. Better be prepared for them, and especially prepare, as far as possible, to protect your stock from the storms.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Six births were filed with County Clerk Hunt yesterday, under the new law requiring physicians to make record of all births and deaths. Only thirty-nine births have been filed so far. The Doctors don't appear inclined to make such record.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Wanted. A farm of 600 to 1,000 acres in one block; good land and well watered. Anyone having such a tract for sale will please send full description and cash price to "T.," lock box No. 3, Brockport, Monroe County, New York.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

December comes in like a lamb and if the old adage holds true, it will go out with a mighty cold "lam" resembling the roar of the king of beasts. We hope not.


Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

W. A. Lee's infant child is very sick.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

M. S. Hess was doing the city Tuesday from Burden.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Dr. Van Moneilischer, of Berlin, Germany, is at the Central.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

She who Mrs. to change from Miss has Mr. chance of married bliss.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Nathaniel Reed, one of Maple's best farmers, was doing Winfield Saturday.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A. W. Chiverall has just finished a very fine job of painting on one of Arthur Bang's busses.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Mrs. E. H. Jimison, who has been confined to her bed for some time, is now able to be about again.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Wm. M. Allison and Will T. Walker were over from Wellington Tuesday whiffing the air of a live city.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. Frazee, who lost their little daughter recently, have a very sick child with diphtheria.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

W. R. Stolp, one of the substantial farmers of Omnia and a brother of our Winfield Stolp, made us a pleasant call Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

George H. Williams, administrator of the estate of J. C. McKibben, has filed a petition for the sale of the real estate belonging to said estate.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Mrs. Clara Wilson from Tallula, Illinois, is visiting W. H. Thompson's family on East 11th Avenue.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Ed Weitzel has changed his cognomen of the Commercial to "The St. James." Sounds tony, don't it?

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

George Frazier, formerly of Udall, but now prospering finely at Elk Falls, was in the Queen City today.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Miss Grace Wood arrived today from Emporia. Miss Wood is a sister of Mrs. Warren Stone and will assist in the City Book Store until after the holidays.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Eli Blenden and Mr. Rider have bought out Mr. Bradley, of the Lindell Hotel. We predict a good custom for the new landlords.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

H. H. Martin, bookkeeper and general manager of the Udall Roller Mills, was in town Tuesday interviewing our businessmen.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Hillia, youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Frazee, died Tuesday morning. The funeral will be held from the residence, 1504 South Fuller Street, tomorrow at 3 o'clock.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Taylor left today for their home, Muskegon, Michigan. C. W. will return in two weeks. She will remain for an extensive visit.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

W. H. Upton, of Murphysboro, Illinois, an old railroad man, will be agent for the K. C. & S. W. at Arkansas City. He went in Tuesday. The Adams Express opened at Arkansas City today, on the K. C. & S. W.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The case of W. P. Overton versus E. J. Shurlock, appeal from Justice Buckman's court, on suit to recover $59, on protested note, was filed in the District Court Tuesday, also the State versus William Johnson, for stealing a horse from R. A. Wilson.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

J. J. Merrick, J. S. Rothwell, W. S. Ferrey, Jas. Munger, Geo. W. Finch, and George Kendall were over from Harper Monday to consult with the K. C. & S. W. officials regarding the securing of this road for their city. They are offering big inducements and will likely succeed in getting the western branch.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

In mentioning the death of the Very Rev. William J. Halley, the distinguished Cincinnati priest recently deceased, the name of his sister in this city was made Mrs. Julia M. Johnson, instead of Mrs. Anna M. The printer did it in a proof correction, and were he not such a good prohibitionist nothing could convince us that he hadn't been testing a liquid "joint."

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Robinson Crusoe, alias L. F. Bradley, pilot of the "Kansas Millers" and for years among the Indians, is introducing a new society game at Arkansas City, "The Game of Indian," played with cards containing the Indian Sign Language. The Democrat says it promises a big fever. Anything from the majestic, sweet-scented Noble Red Man usually does produce a fever: a loud-smelling, decaying fever.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A Mrs. Thompson, a widow lady with one little girl, both residing in Phoenix, Douglas County, Illinois, desires a situation in some family where she can make a living for herself and child. The latter is old enough to attend school. Can give good recommendations as regards to house-work or cooking. Anyone needing help can write to her at once. Address Mrs. Martha Thompson, Phoenix, Douglas Co., Illinois.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Matrimony was away up yesterday, three in one day, the biggest grist for a month. Lewis P. Barnett and Elizabeth E. Foley; James W. Whooper and Minnie Orrill; John M. Hayes and Tressa A. Fitch got licenses authorizing them to sail off on the sea of double bliss.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Greek George, the noted Greco Roman wrestler, who is now giving exhibitions at Wichita, will be down here to wrestle with T. G. Thompson, of Topeka. He issues a challenge that he will pay a forfeit of one hundred dollars if he does not throw any man in fifteen minutes. Those desirous of tackling him will address P. O. box 207.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

John M. Hays and Teresa A. Fitch were united in the ties that bind, last night. He is from Texas and the bride and family recently from Abington, Ohio. Mr. Hays and Mis Fitch were school mates in Abington and have been engaged for years, waiting to get old enough to consummate their love. They are a most happy young couple. Elder B. C. Swarts, the family's old pastor, came over from Anthony to perform the ceremony.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The Whist Club met last evening with Miss Anna Hunt, with a full representation, five tables. The evening was passed most enjoyably, supplemented by the regulation coffee, sandwich, and pickles. One of the by-laws of the club is that nothing more than these articles can be provided for luncheon. A tabulated score of the different games is being kept, the champion player to be announced at the end of the season.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Mr. Albert Abrams and Miss Minnie Sumpter were married Sunday at the bride's home in Beaver township. Miss Sumpter is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John R. Sumpter, who are prominent among Beaver's oldest and most influential citizens. She is a young lady of sweet disposition and many sterling accomplishments. Mr. Abrams is a brother of Joseph Abrams of this city, and is one of the county's sturdiest young men. The COURIER's best wishes will accompany them adown the hill of time.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Architect W. A. Ritchie, of the firm of W. A. Ritchie & Co., whose offices are located at Winfield, Kansas, and Lima, Ohio, was in the city Monday looking after building interests. The firm has prepared plans for the M. E. College, a $60,000 building, at Winfield; the school building, St. James Hotel, City Hall, and Bank building, which are to be the finest in the state, and a number of other buildings in that city, so that any further recommendation as to their ability as architects is unnecessary. Harper Sentinel.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Tuesday eve was the occasion of a most happy scene at the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Cooper, corner of 10th Avenue and Millington Street. Over sixty of the little friends, girls and boys, of Miss Maud Cooper, gathered in celebration of her eighth birthday. Each bore a token of regard, all of which formed an elegant and valuable array. There is no joy like that of childhood. When a gathering of children abandons itself to hilarious fun, satisfaction is supreme. So it was last night. No restraint was visible, and the liveliest time imaginable was kept up until eleven o'clock, sandwiched by a grand feast. The happy little folks departed completed elated over the big time enjoyed, wishing Miss Maud many more returns of such jolly birthday anniversaries.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Having put in new machinery, we will grind your corn, oats, and wheat or exchange at any time. Good meal and feed on hand. Moore Bro.'s & Co.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The Capital copies an Eli Perkins screed from the Winfield Courier, which contains a very complimentary (?) allusion to the editor of the Eagle. The name of Winfield sounds kind of familiar, but we cannot, just now, place that town or its Courier. It may be one of those struggling hamlets of which we have heard, situated down among the hills of Walnut creek. Wichita Eagle.

You don't know us, eh? Very recent since we were evacuated from your memory, isn't it? When you were watching with fear and trembling lest Winfield, this "struggling hamlet," should down you for the M. E. College of the Southwest Conference, and when we did down you, how well you knew us! How well you realized the fiery grit, progress, and enterprise by which our citizens are characterized. Yes, and you'll continue to know us, will this little village of Wichita. You fear us now. The Queen City of Southern Kansas stands the great impediment to your onward progress. The superior fame, wealth, beauty, and general grandeur of Winfield is turning you green with envy. Think we don't know it, dear Marsh? You will have to get on a new supply of wind or the "Windy Wonder" will collapse, while o'er it will grandly sail this citythis metropoliswhich has made a growth in the past year laying clear in the shade every city of the fair west, and whose prosperity, in all its broad expanse, has just begun; whose citizens are the personification of the motto of this glorious state, as astra per aspera; whose visible resources, possibilities, and assured future are the envy of such unfortunate neighbors as Wichita; whose fame and progress will naturally continue to make poor Marsh Murdock lose his memory in the contemplation of what Wichita "might have been," and make him absolutely without vent for the Eli Perkins proclivities he now spreads in big globs. Then he will die. The ex-citizens of Wichita, nearly all of whom will be prospering in Winfield, will go up to attend his funeral. And we will all chip in and buy him a big monument, "Dedicated to the Great and Only Original Windy Wonder of the Great Southwest." Selah!


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Tuesday was the reckoning day for last month. A custom has become almost universal, if a man has any credit, to say "charge it" for everything he gets during the month. The first of the month he "pays up"if he has the lucre. The extent of this "charge it" system can be fully realized by standing on the street corner on the first of every month to watch the army of bill collectors that come and go in every direction. They make many a man's pocket beat with an empty throb. This credit system is a fraud. Its sanction is a detriment to humanity generally. It wouldn't be so bad if everybody would pay what they owe. But many persons get credit without any show of paying up, expecting, apparently, something to "turn up." Then others get credit with the pay in view, but the wrong thing "turns up," and they find themselves unable to meet their bills. There is another class that gets credit, whenever they can, with no show and no great desire to ever pay. Such are very scarce in Winfield. Businessmen around town say "charge it" as a seeming convenience. The credit system is so engrafted as an American custom that it can hardly be eradicated. What we want is promptness in paying bills and honesty in making them. If everybody in this country would pay his bills, there would be no hard times. Good times are the result of money in free circulation in its legitimate lines. One dollar passed around liquidates a great many dollars of debts. Money is made for circulation, not to hoard. If the actual money capital of Winfield was turned loose in the many remunerative channels, our boom would be trebled, with sure prospects for good returns. If every man or woman who owes a debt would pay it, people would soon note surprisingly active timesconfidence would become firm and all trade would increase. But the man who never uses credit, who pays for everything as he goes along, and when he hasn't the money does without is the happiest and most prosperous being on earth. He is under no financial obligations to anybody and never pays for a "dead horse." He is more independent, his merchant is proud of his custom, and he can get more for a dollar every day. Goods sold on "time," however short, are seldom sold as low as the cash could get them formerchants can't afford it. They must put on a little to help out the d. b. list. Cash is king.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The Fourth Quarterly meeting of Sheridan Circuit, United Brethren Church, will be held at the Sheridan schoolhouse December 12th and 13th, beginning at 2 o'clock on Saturday. Everybody invited. Rev. T. A. Williams, Pastor.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

At its regular meeting, Friday evening last, the A. O. U. W. Lodge of Winfield formed the following resolutions.

On Saturday, November 21, 1885, obedient to the summons of the Supreme Master Workman of the universe, Bro. Wm. Moore was taken from his place amongst us. We thus lose a valuable comrade and brother, his family a devoted father, and an affectionate husband.

Resolved, That in paying tribute to his memory, we commend the wisdom which induced him "while in health and strength of body," to make provision for the time when he would be unable to protect those near and dear to him from the dangers incident to pecuniary want and distress.

Resolved, That we, in extending our fraternal sympathy to those whom by reason of family ties are left desolate, we commend them to the care of our All wise Father, a husband to the widow, a father to the fatherless.

Resolved, That while we cancel the pecuniary obligations into which we entered with our late brother, we will still guard with our "shield of protection" the interests of those whom he confided to our care.

C. C. Green, J. E. Snow, Louis Conrad, Committee.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

6 Jersey heifers, from 5 to 8 months old, solid colors, and 1 bull 7 months old. Will sell the lot at a big bargain if sold soon. J. J. Carson.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

G. C. Wallace, at Spotswood's old stand, has just received three car loads of very choice Iowa and Nebraska potatoes and keeps the largest line of the very best imported teas, pure buckwheat flour, and maple and sugar syrups, all at bottom prices. Corner Main and 10th Avenue.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

A fine brood mare, will take as part pay a milch cow. Inquire of W. W. Limbocker, at Albright's office.


Out on the Cold World is the Sequel to Susan Green's Elopement.

Purden Gets $100 and Costs.

She Gets $5 and Costs and Left Homeless.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The case of the State against William Purden and Susan Green for adultery, was concluded in Judge Snow's court Monday, he being fined $100 and costs and she $5 and costs and three days in jail. She plead guilty. He stood trial, but made no defense, when he saw the sure character of the State's evidence. THE COURIER's account of this case is fresh. Purden and Mrs. Green got acquainted at Burden. She and her husband, Samuel Green, accompanied Purden on his way to Missouri to buy mules. When they reached Burlingame, Green thought Purden and his wife were too "thick," and pulled his family out of the caravan, going to Oswego and settling. All went well till Saturday week, when Green came home from the country to find his wife and little girl, four years old, gone. The neighbors described Purden as having been there. Green tracked them to Winfield, pleased warrants in Marshal McFadden's hands, and had them arrested. Purden was found at his place north of town and she at Steve Van Buren's in this city, where Purden had left her. They were put in the bastille. Green was grit from the word go: determined to get his child and put the eloping adulterers through. He got the little girl and left her with his sister at Burden. Mrs. Green, with tearful penitence, begged her husband to forgive her and take her back to his protection. He refused. Green is about thirty years old and she is not over twenty-four or five. She is of very delicate form and fair looks. Purden has a young wife, who is now visiting in the east and means to make it warm for her unfaithful husband. Purden paid his fine this morning. Mrs. Green is penniless, a stranger in a strange land, with no place to go and no one to protect. She is a woman of high temper and much obstinacy. Otherwise she could probably have made peace with her husband, who Monday morning offered to take her back if she'd plead guiltythe first time he had relentedbut the consultation ended in her telling him to "go to the d l!" Green appears to be an industrious young farmer. He said, "I would rather have laid her in the grave than that this should have happened!" Mrs. Green seems to take the sequel to her crime very hard at times, though she exhibits occasionally a "fool- hardy" grit. She has no idea as to what will become of her now. She has little worldly experiencelittle knack at coping with the world. And her mistake has killed honorable opportunities. There is always an outstretched hand for the prodigal son, but never for the prodigal daughter. Her virtue questioned, she can turn any way and meet only disdain. And her own sex, in its generality, is the first to ostracize herwith the knowledge that in doing so she is driven to entire destruction. Oh, humanity! where is thy charitythat charity that suffereth much and is of long standing?


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Sheriff McIntire, on his road to Arizona after A. V. Alexander's peculator, took Ollie Richardson to the State Reform School at Topeka. Ollie is the orphan lad who broke into McGuire Bro.'s store at Tisdale. He plead guilty and was sentenced by Judge Snow to the Reform School where he will stay till twenty-one. He was in the jail a month or more. On the road to Topeka he gave away to Sheriff McIntire a scheme conducted by the prisoners to make a bold break for freedom one day this week. There are two large slop pails, with lids; one is taken out each evening and the other, after an all day airing, is brought in by two prisoners under guard. An outside pal was to put two loaded revolvers in this outside slop pail, the prisoners expecting, as usual, that the pail would be carried back without examination. They were to watch a time when Jailor Finch took a meal in without an official guard at the door. Two were to grab him, while the others, with the revolvers, paralyzed the guard. Finch and the guard were then to be slapped into the cooler, the iron door clamped, and the birds would fly. McIntire immediately wrote Jailor Finch to be on his guard, and the scheme was nipped in the bud. The bastille contains a dozen or more prisoners, some of them very tough cases, and had their scheme ripened, would have likely been effectual, giving the officers a good tussle at least. However, Jailor Finch is seldom found off his guard. He watches for surprises. But such superior forces would have been hard to control when they had the weapons.


What a Winfield Businessman of Experience Says About It.

A Way in Which Everybody Can Be Made Happy.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

One of Winfield's prominent businessmen halted our scribe yesterday with: "Come here, I want to interview you." The idea of a merchant interviewing a faber pusher was an innovation, and we answered him on the double-quick. "What made you put that article in THE COURIER last evening about paying bills?" he said. "Because it was the proper thing," we responded. "Well," said he, "you are right. It was the proper thing. Now let me tell you that I've been in business here for years, and in other places, too, and I believe I know what I'm talking about when I day that if everybody would pay the bills he owes to his neighbors once in thirty days, or upon presentation, you would never hear any talk about what we call hard times. The man who owes a dollar and has got it, or can get it, to pay, but hangs to it, prevents the payment of numerous debts. The journey a dollar travels the first week of the month, and the speed it makes, would be a big surprise to the man who never investigated. I marked a dollar once and kept track of it a few days, requesting each man to keep a record from whom it was received by him and to whom he paid it. Before I lost track of it, before the end of the first week of the month, it had paid twenty-seven dollars in debts. A few days since I presented a bill of forty dollars to a man abundantly able to pay it. I knew he had the money. But he looked scared and said `I can't collect my bills and so I can't pay you; wait awhile.' Now, that forty dollars belonged to me, but he had it in his possession and of course I couldn't take it away from him. If he had paid it to me, as he should, I would have paid it out almost immediately and the chances are that it would have been kept going, and by this time have paid ten times the value in debts. You see," he continued, "money is valuable only when in circulation. Like blood in a man's body, when stagnant, it is of no use. There are too many cowards. We have them right here in Winfield. A man who grips his dollars when he ought to pay his debts with the, or the man who will contract debts he has no assurances of paying, is no good to any communityis a positive injury. We want more honest, brave menmen who earn money to circulate, not to hoard. The financial coward does more to hinder a town than any other cause. He is a stumbling block and a nuisance. Like the mule, his other end is the liveliest. He is always kicking somethingeither too cowardly or too stingy to get into the traces, without a kick, and pull on to victory. We talk of the timidity of capital. It is not the money, but the men who control it, that are timid. You were right," continued this philosopher, "when you said that if everybody in Winfield and Cowley County would pay their bills, our prosperity and happiness would double and confidence between man and man be ten times greater. We can make courage and confidence, if we will. I am glad you touched up the dead beats. Some men who are chronic dead beats put on more "dog" than anybody. I can point you out a man, and you know him, who struts Main street with more style than anybody and his creditors are thicker than bees, and would make it twice as warm for him if they could get a chance. He stands them off with cheek remarkable. He thinks his creditors will always take his wind. He is going it high now. His dodges are only known to those he catches. But he is bound to come to dishonor and disgrace. There is plenty of money, plenty of produce, and plenty of everything now-a-daysexcepting honesty and courage. The community with lots of pluck, honesty, and confidence will soon turn every croaker's toes up to the daisies and have the grandest prosperity on earth. I'm glad THE COURIER has touched people up on this subject and I hope you'll do it some more." The elongated rushed off with a fat take, laden with solid truths tersely put, and we "do it some more."


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.

William A Smith et ux to Emma J Latham and Abbie E Smith, lots 7, 8 and 9, blk 18: $300

John J Hutto et ux to Daniel Graham, lot 6, blk 246, Citizen's ad to Winfield: $700

Charles H Holloway et ux to Harry P Farrar, lot 19, blk 81, A. C.: $500

Harry P Farrar et ux to Theodore Fairclo, ½ lot 19, blk 81, A. C.: $500

Edward A Busch et ux to Michael Busch e hf w hf se qr 14-30-3e: $350

Joseph Kinnaid et ux to L J Richards, nw qr 17-31-8e, 160 acres: $4,000

Miles S Williams to Lydia E Redenbaugh, tract in lot 1, blk 51, Williams ad to Udall: $80.00

Harriet A Walcott to S Pennington, sw qr se qr 2-32-3e, q-c: $90.00

S Pennington to Julia Ann Pennington, sw qr se qr 2-32-5e, q-c: $1.00

J T J Stinson to George C Lossy, lots 1, 2, and 3 and ne qr nw qr 30-33-7e: $1,675

C M Scott et ux to Charles Stanton, lots 17 and 18, blk 121, A. C.: $60.00

Margret Finney to Douglas Own, lots 21 and 22, blk 80, A. C.: $2,000

Adam B Griffin et ux to David Vanscoik, n hf se qr and sw qr ne qr and se qr ne qr 12- 30-7e, 160 acres: $1,500

Alonzo D Penland to Henry C Reynolds, se qr 30-30-3e, 160 acres: $3,800

Charles Stanton et ux to Jackson Barnes, lots 17 and 18, blk 112, A. C.: $300.00

John A Rogers et ux to John M Mater, e hf nw qr 10-31-5e, 80 acres: $1,200

W H H Pitman to D D Kellogg, lot 12, blk 39, Udall: $50.00

Highland Park Town Co to Isaac Mendenhall, lots 8 and 9, blk 11, H P ad to Winfield: $100.00

Samuel F Harden to P G McDaniel, lots 7, 8, and 21, sec 18-30-8e and e hf ne qr and ne qr sw qr sec 13 and se qr sec 12-30-7e: $8,000

Charles L Clary to Coleman S Estes, tract in sw qr 22-32-4e: $400

Andrew Walck et ux to Gabriel Carlton, sw qr 10-32-3e: $1,600

Richard A Williams to M L Robinson, lots 3 and 4 and sw qr nw qr 5-32-8e, 118 acres: $750

A G Goodrich et ux to Mary R Byers, lot 10, blk 229, Fuller's ad to Winfield: $325

Dennis R Laycock et al to Leah A Walker, lot 7, blk 200, Courier Place, Winfield: $1,200

Frank J Hess et ux to Albert A Newman and T H McLaughlin, ½ lot 19, blk 115, A. C.: $20.00

Edgar C Mason et ux to Henry G Bailey, lots 1, 2, 3 and 4, A. C.: $850

Frank J Hess et al to Edgar C Mason, lots 1, 2, 3 and 4, A. C.: $200

N J Stamper to Henry G Bailey, lots 25 and 28, blk 144, A. C.: $650

Chancy B Wolfe et ux to William P Wolfe, hf lot in blk 152, A. C.: $65.00

Frank S Burt et ux to Frank McFarlin, lots 15 and 16, blk 6, A. C.: $400

John L Huston et ux to William F McKee, lot 28, blk 133, A. C.: $325

Harry P Farrar et ux to John L Huston, lot 28, blk 133, A. C.: $100

C M Scott et ux to F W Farrar, lot 11, blk 62, A. C.: $105

A J Thompson et ux to Delila Conrad, lots 1 and 8, blk 331, Thompson's 2nd ad to Winfield, q-c: $1.00

Elizabeth V Bastin to Samuel M Bastin, n hf se qr sw qr and n hf sw qr se qr and nw qr n3 22-30-5e, q-c: $1.00

Harvey C Reynolds et ux to Alonzo D. Penland, 1 acre in 27-32-4e: $2,000


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The Winfield Machine Shops are rapidly establishing themselves in the appreciation of our people. Mr. J. M. Stayman, the proprietor, has no superior among machinists and his workmen are all first-class mechanics. During the past week Mr. Stayman and his head man, C. W. Gest, have entirely overhauled THE COURIER presses, piped our gas room, and set up our gas engine in a manner far beyond expectation. Intricate parts of our press, for which we anticipated having to send away, they have made perfectly. They can make about anything that can be manufactured from iron or steel. And when it comes to setting up any kind of machinery, they can't be beaten. The Winfield Machine Shops are thoroughly equipped, capable of doing any work that is needed in Cowley County. Mr. Stayman is a genuine gentleman, with whom it is a pleasure to do business. The benefit to Winfield of these shops is incalculable. If your machinery gets out of gear, has any broken parts or needs any new parts, or if you want any machinery set up, you know where to go to get perfect and speedy satisfaction. Mr. Stayman is working up an appreciation most gratifying. His investment is large, his institution one of our substantial and growing manufactories and THE COURIER is glad to note his success.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Found. The end of a bedstead, in Vernon township, marked G. F. Fowler. Owner can have the same by calling at this office and paying for notice.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.


Caveats, Re-Issues and Trade-Marks, and all other patent causes in the Patent Office and before the Courts promptly and carefully attended to.

Upon receipt of Model or Sketch of Invention, I make careful examination, and advise as to patentability FREE of charge.

Fees moderate, and I make NO CHARGE until patent is secured. Information, advice, and references sent on application.

J. R. LITTELL, Washington, D. D.

Near U. S. Patent Office.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.


I wish to warn my Friends, Patrons and the Public Generally, to be on their Guard, as once again the old trick is to be tried to make the People Believe that worn out old Dodge.


To People of Common sense, this must Appear Ridiculous, as this same thing has been tried season after season with the same Result, Namely:


and shopworn goods at a good Profit to the Merchant, while the Honest Citizens of Cowley County have been made to


by being Deluded and Deceived in Buying goods at higher Prices than ever ELI YOUNGHEIM ever asks for them.

FriendS, CitizenS, KansanS!

Don't be led astray by these

Catch Penny Advertisements!

Look before you buy a Single Dollar's worth.



Splendid Fitting Garments!

With those that are old enough to "walk alone," and above all


And then you will awake to the fact, that ELI YOUNGHEIM is the only


-The Only-


Of the People of Cowley County.

ELI YOUNGHEIM, Mammoth Clothing House.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.


During the month of December we will sell our


-At a-


And give a Pattern with every dress sold. Our


Is going out very fast at the prices we are selling them at. Our stock of


Is Complete, and the largest stock in the city.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.


We have now the Finest Line of Yarns in the City in



And Common Knitting in all Shades to suit the Purchaser.



Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Recap Sheriff's Sale. G. H. McIntire to sell property on December 28, 1885, to settle suit by Mary A. Buck, plaintiff, versus Whitfield D. Mathews, Mary A. Mathews, Barth Carty, and James Bullen, defendants. Mortgage was given by defendants to Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company for $3,500, January 1, 1884. Said interests of defendants was appraised at the sum of $5,173.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Recap Notice for Service by Publication. Hackney & Asp, Attorneys for Plaintiff. Julia F. Randall, Plaintiff, against Charles E. Randall, Defendant. Divorce petition to take place December 25, 1885. Her maiden name, Julia F. Northrup, to be restored. To have custody of minor child, Charles Randall.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Final Notice by William H. Ashworth, Administrator, Estate of Zachariah Ashworth, deceased. Final settlement January 4, 1886. Filed October 16, 1885.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Recap Summons by Publication. F. F. Leland, Attorney for Plaintiff. Annie E. Firebaugh, Plaintiff, Against Isaac A. Firebaugh, Defendant. Petition for divorce. Date to take effect: December 26, 1885. Ed Pate, Clerk.

Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Recap Sheriff's Sale. G. H. McIntire, by F. W. Finch, Deputy. Property to be sold November 30, 1885, to settle Francis M. Jones, Plaintiff, vs. H. L. Wells and G. B. Stiles.

[Seems odd that this came out in paper after the fact.]


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

The Very Rev. William J. Halley, Vicar General of the Cincinnati Cathedral, died a few days since. He was in his forty-eighth year and one of the most prominent among the Catholic clergy of the Union. He was a brother of Mrs. Julia M. Johnson, of Winfield, and her only surviving near relative. Their attachment for each other was very deepsuch as can only grow up between brother and sister whose relatives have all dropped along the pathway of time, leaving them alone. Father Halley's love for his sister was unbounded. For years back he has bestowed every care within his power. Mrs. Johnson had almost completed arrangements to go to Cincinnati to reside with him permanently. He leaves a large fortune, which, aside from extensive beneficent bequeathments, is left to his sister. All the Catholic Journals are draped in mourning for Father Halley, with columns of his eventful history. The Cincinnati Post, a non-sectarian paper, among other mention, says: "The departure of a good man from among us is a source of regret; his place is hard to fill. It makes no difference whether he be churchman, layman, or exemplary moralist. Men of self-sacrifice, who live for others, are very rare, and, probably, in proportion to our population, their numbers yearly decrease. Cincinnati can ill afford to lose so excellent a man as Father Halley, who has labored for so many years to keep alive religious fervor, and inculcate morality in this city. It is a public misfortune when the career of one who has been so efficient a laborer for human weal is ended so early. Yet the work that he has done, and the good he has accomplished, will endure long after the stones of the Cathedral in which he served shall have crumbled into dust."


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Litigation's lengthy list was increased yesterday by the filing in the District Court of the case of Elsie McCoslin vs. Clarence McCoslin, another divorce case. She charges desertion. Divorce suits are going on the docket at a rate that shows a startling condition in the conjugal relations of the country. District Clerk Pate fires a divorce suit at our reporter nearly every day. People appear to get married now-a-days on trial. If the trial don't suit, a little petition is filed, the case is thrown into the hopper with a lot of good corroboration, and the petitioner is again thrown upon the matrimonial turf. And it don't take long to find some fool who is willing to act number two in the affections that pretend to bind. Seventeen divorce suits now await the justice mill. The last term of court ground out twenty-six divorces. In the words of Shakespeare's philosopher, "There appears to be something decayed in Denmark." Judge Gans declares these "shaky" contracts were all made in a foreign land. He guarantees a Cowley marriage every time. He says they always stick. This is a point in favor of our county's fair name that we are glad to append. The Judge is mighty good authority on matrimony.


Winfield Courier, December 3, 1885.

Died, at her late residence on East 5th street, on November 27th, Mrs. Maggie Abrams, wife of Joseph Abrams, who is well known to the citizens of our city. Mrs. Abrams was the fifth child of Thos. and Elizabeth M. Hemphill, and was born to them in Attica, Indiana, September 10, 1848. In company with her parents, she moved to Des Moines, Iowa, where, in the year 1865 she united with the First Baptist church of that city. Five years later she moved with her parents to DeSota. There being no church there of her choice, she labored with the Methodist people. From there she moved to Winfield, where she was united in marriage to Joseph Abrams February 4, 1885. She was a devoted christian and only a few days before her last sickness expressed a desire to engage in christian work. To know her was to love her. Her interest in the poor was such as to cause her to give liberally of her means. The funeral services were held in the First Baptist church on last Sabbath at 3 p.m., before a large and sad audience. The large attendance indicated the high esteem in which she was held. The sermon was preached by Rev. Reider, pastor of the church, by her request, and Rev. Kelly, of the M. E. church, assisted.




Render Unto Scissors The Things That are Scissors.

Neighboring Faberisms.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

A week filled up with selfish, small-souled scheming, and Sunday stuffed full of religion, will make a good Pharisee but a mighty poor christian.

A. D. Penland, we learn, has sold his farm to a Mr. Reynolds, of Winfield. Mr. Reynolds is a practical well borer and is going to prospect for coal, a show of which has been found on the Penland place.

A butcher in Winfield advertises that he will dress hogs for those that wish his services, cheap, etc. This is really getting near home. We have been sending our hogs to Kansas City for a number of years, to have them killed and dressed for us.

The report of a gas explosion in Winfield, last week, resulted from other causes than first published. It was in a real estate office, where there was a party of Wichita and Arkansas City men, and was caused by a foul Winfielder coming in with a lighted cigar.

One of the best ways to settle a mortgage on a farm is to stop up a break in the hedge with a sulky rake and leave an expensive mowing machine in the fields. We know farmers who are following this plan with fine assurances of success who feel that they cannot afford to take their home paper.

Weather forecast of December. During this month the weather will be variable with local "disturbances" near the end of the month. The chief "storm centers" will be Kansas City, Winfield, and other jobbing towns. "Showers" of statements will be followed by "heat" and "wind." Towards the end of December and the first of January there will be a "rain" of duns, followed by some "freezing" and general "cold" feelings.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Thirty-three deer and ninety-seven turkey were shipped to Kansas City last week from this point. They were nearly all brought in by Oklahoma boomers, who killed them on their return from the "Promised Land."

A man who has kept account of the number of kisses exchanged with his wife since their union, consents to its publication as follows: First year, 36,500; second year, 16,000; third year, 3,670; fourth year, 120; fifth year, 2. He then left off keeping the record.

Considerable excitement prevailed in Winfield the other night over the appearance of a supposed ghost. An investigation, however, revealed the fact that the ghost was nothing but Ed. Greer washing his only shirt in the Walnut river by moonlight.

A man recently married in this city has been paying his address to another damsel since that event, but the wife became cognizant of what was going on, and made it uncomfortably warm for the husband. Now the damsel to whom he made love threatens him with a breach of promise suit unless he comes down with something to soothe her wounded soul.

The "Order of the Eastern Star," an auxiliary degree of Freemasonry to which only master-masons, their wives, mothers, sisters, and daughters are eligible, was instituted in this city on Wednesday evening, by P. G. M. Wm. Cowgill, Custodian of the Masonic Grand Lodge of Kansas.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Archie Dunn says there is as much passenger travel over the new road as is carried over the Santa Fe.

The road is being extended southward to the state line, and pile drivers are at work on the canal sinking supports for a bridge.

Gabe is the euphonious name of the station to be established five miles south of this city, and at the temporary terminus of the railway.

Henry E. Asp yesterday showed us the ground plan and elevation of the new K. C. & S. W. depot to be erected in this city. Its dimensions are 88 x 20 ft.; 53 ft. being given up to the freight room; 14 ft. to the office, and the rest of the passenger waiting room. The design is very tasteful and was prepared by Mr. Wingate, engineer of the road.

The Thanksgiving issue of the WINFIELD COURIER was a daisy. Six pages, nine columns wide, filled with the freshest news, allowing liberal space for ads, showed the enterprise and activity of the editorial corps, and reflected credit on the material resources of the office. THE COURIER people are chock full of vim, and they deserve the success they are winning.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Not a minister in the city of Winfield, in his sermons or prayers last Sunday, mentioned the name of the dead vice-president. Partisanship is all very well but when a man is so hide bound that he cannot pay just tribute to the nation's dead because the deceased was of opposite political belief, he is deserving of being classed as a fanatic. When Garfield died every pulpit in the South was draped with the emblems of woe and every minister delivered a fitting eulogy upon the life and death of the nation's chieftain. But for ways that are dark and the tricks that are vain, the average Kansas republican is peculiar. Telegram.

Go to church, Walter. For your own sake, for your party's sake, and in the interests of common intelligence, go to church! Did you not follow in the wake of your party, keep on the dark side of everything and away from enlightenment, you would have never made the above criticism. Some old moss-back, who never stuck his head in a church, has told you this, with a great pomp of justice and courtesy, and you have gobbled it in your ranting Democratic zeal without the least investigation. Did you know the metal our ministers are made ofhow they reach out in supplication for all that is good and noble, you would never have made such a grievous mistake. Winfield has not a minister who allows his robes of priestly office to flutter in the breezes of partisanship, only as some great reform is championed or denounced. They are not the pinch-souled, prejudiced men you would make them out. When it comes to a National loss, they are always ready with sympathy and acts. So in this case. The writer hereof attended two different churches, one in the morning and one in the evening, last Sunday, at each of which the invocation included the Nation's loss; that a great man had passed away and a Nation was in mourning; that the All-wise, who holds in His hands the destiny of Nations, would guide the ship of state safely in its loss; that He would strengthen, console, and spread continually His watchful care over the bereaved relatives; that the National executive would hear the prompting of God to control it in this and every time of need. We are surprised that the Telegram would accuse our ministers in the administration of their sacred office, with being controlled by petty partisan prejudices. They are all noble, self-sacrificing men, working zealously and grandly for the upbuilding of all humanityking and potentate, rich and poor, Republican and Democrat. They would even reach out an encouraging hand to the Telegram mandid he give them a chance. He has made the very grave mistake of firing at long range. Get in sight, at least, Walter, and you'll know better how to load.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Again are the boomers busted. They are out of luck. Their hopes of settling in an earthly paradise have dissipated in thin air. The troops are bringing them all out of Oklahoma and the Territory by the left ear, on the double quick. Caldwell outbid Arkansas City, early in the year, to obtain the boomers' headquarters. None of the border towns are bidding now: they lie low in terror lest the paupers may chance to cast their camp. The numerous bootless errands of the boomers have detained them from profitable employment, and now they find themselves on the approach of winter, again turned out of doors, and many of them without a dollar to support their families. They are clustered about in disconsolate groups, cursing the tyranny of the government, and inveighing against the degeneracy of the American people in suffering them to be thus driven about. We hear that a great number of these disappointed boomers are as badly demoralized with the wreck of their plans that they have given up all interest in life, and have no higher ambition than to throw themselves on the county during the inclement season for support.


Political, Official and Social Notes as Gathered by Our Regular

Washington Correspondent.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

In a little more than a week the Forty-ninth Congress will convene, and there is a bustle of preparation at the Capitol, putting the building in final readiness for the event. The work of cleaning up, repairing, and making improvements generally has been going on at the Capitol during the entire recess. Under the direction and supervision of Chief Clerk Towles, a new carpet of original design has been laid on the floor of the House. The carpet was made to order, and 1,300 yards, the quantity hitherto used to cover the floor, was ordered. But with a view to economy, a design in which the figures formed a perfect square was adopted. A great deal of cutting has to be done in fitting a carpet to this floor, and as the square made it easy to join pieces and fragments, 155 yards were saved. The desks have all been thoroughly cleaned, revarnished, etc., and the gildings and brass work repolished. The corridor of the members' private lobby on the south side of the hall is carpeted with a magnificent Wilton rug 100 feet long by 8 feet wide. The private sitting or retiring rooms, just across the lobby, are furnished with the same elegant set of furniture which was bought for that purpose. It is as good as new.

Your correspondent called on Senator Camden at his headquarters at Willard's Monday and talked with him concerning the coming session of Congress, while he looked over his mail. "I don't think," he said, "that there will be any organized opposition to the confirmation of Mr. Cleveland's appointments. I think each nomination will be considered on its merits, and the republicans as a party will not make any opposition. I think we are going to have a quiet, hard-working session." "Will not the democrats oppose some of the nominations?" I asked. "As to that, I can't say. I have not talked with any of the Senators, and don't know just what the feeling is. There has been some complaining, but we in West Virginia have no cause for dissatisfaction. The party is not quite pleased with the matter of appointments, but we are ourselves in a great measure to blame for this. We have agreed always upon what ought to be done. It will finally be seen, I think, that this is a good democratic administration, and the party will have no cause to complain. In a year from now all the republican officials will be out, and the party will see that the President is a good democrat and has acted wisely." "What important matter do you expect to be considered by congress this winter?" "There will be some action taken with regard to the tariff and silver questions. I think there will be a reduction in the tariff and a modification of the tariff laws. On the silver question there will be some compromise. Nothing will be done that will injure the standing of silver as money, but there will be a proper adjustment. The question will be handled in a conservative way, and, if it is necessary to suspend silver coinage for a while, it will be done in a way not to affect the standing of the metal."

The movement to amend the House rules will, it seems from interviews with Senators, get considerable support from the Senate end of the Capitol, for the reason that the present rules are a drawback to the transaction of business between the two houses. The proposed change is popular at the House end because it tends to equalize the individual influence of its members. From its great power in controlling expenditures, the appropriations committee has come to be regarded as practically the real House, whose decrees the representatives accept as a matter of course. It seldom happens that the committee is beaten on the floor, though its budgets are often unpopular. So great is this power that it has come to be understood, in placing members in organization of a new congress, that simple membership on the appropriation committee, is equivalent to a chairmanship of any other committee, except that of ways and means. Under the new dispensation this scale of importance would be altered, and it is quite likely that the ways and means committee would regain its former standing as the leading committee of the House.

There is some talk of Mr. Daniel Reeder, of Pennsylvania, as a candidate for doorkeeper of the House, and it is understood that he is supported by representative Curtin. But Mr. Reeder's candidacy, like that of several others, scarcely creates a ripple upon the surface. It is regarded by most of the members now here as too late for a new man to take the field with any sort of hope of success. Nothing has yet occurred to change the probabilities that the incumbents will be elected as speaker, clerk, sergeant-at-arms and postmaster, and Col. Donelson as doorkeeper, all by acclamation. That is, that they will be nominated by acclamation in the democratic caucus, and that is equivalent to election. L.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

"Why don't THE COURIER mention our church once in a while," said a prominent light of one of Winfield's churches, yesterday. "Why don't you tell us something to say?" we answered. "Do you expect us to keep track of everything going on in all the seven churches of the city? Can one man attend the dozen or two weekly services of them all?" If anything regarding your church that would be of interest to the public, don't appear, don't blame anybody but yourself. If you put a padlock on your mouth and go gawking through the world, you can't expect much from the press or anybody else. Every church has numerous items whose publication would benefit that church and be news to everybody. Jot them down and hand them in. You know all about it. It is your business to know. It is your business to do anything that will keep your church before the public and widen its influence for good. We have always noticed that the loudest squealers about newspaper neglect are persons from whom a twelve horsepower pump could never extract an item. They sit around with their mouths shut and wonder why so and so wasn't mentioned. If you want something regarding your church, or anything else, published, jot it down tersely and hand it in or tell us about it. Don't be too modest, if it should touch yourself. It won't hurt you to get your name in print. THE COURIER wants to publish everything, but it is not omni-present. It gets its news from others. If you know anything, tell it.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Dr. A. A. Holcombe, the State Veterinary Surgeon, is down from Topeka to look after glandered horses owned by J. B. Evans, of Vernon. Mr. Evans bought a horse at street auction a few days ago. He proved to be glandered and infected Mr. Evans' stable, containing sixteen or seventeen head of horses. The Doctor has not made an examination since his last trip to Winfield, when he came to examine Carson's Jerseys. Then the developments were but slight, since growing worse. If the cases are as bad as expected, the infected animals will be ordered into quarantine, until a report is made to the State Veterinary Commission, which can either kill the animals or order a strict quarantine until the owner is satisfied to have them killed. There is no remuneration in an order to kill.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

At a meeting held in Winfield in the interest of the Geuda Springs, Caldwell, Harper and Northwestern railroad, the following officers were elected: President, A. Stevens, Chicago; vice-president, Jos. Munger, Harper; secretary, W. S. Forrey, Harper; treasurer, T. J. Huey, Arkansas City; attorney, Henry Asp, of Winfield. We were informed that the prospect for the road was flattering if the people would work for it. Harper needs another railroad badly, and the citizens should not let this chance slip. Let her come. Harper Sentinel.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The holiday season is approaching and our enterprising merchants are opening out a prodigal display of goods suitable to the time. Artists and artisans join in a generous rivalry to embody beauty in their multiform products, and refining taste is cultivated by a mere contemplation of the articles submitted to our gaze. For the next month the store windows and heaped up counters will be repositories of the skill and ingenuity of all the industrial nations and our eyes will be feasted with things of beauty, which, the poet tells us, are a joy forever.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The WINFIELD DAILY COURIER has come to us lately an eight column paper with nineteen columns of advertising matter, none of which, we are told, is taken at less than one dollar an inch per month. We are glad of THE COURIER's wonderful success.

Wellington Press.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The Wichita Beacon of Tuesday says "B. W. Mullack," of Winfield, is at the Occidental. Our B. W. Matlack would no doubt like to paralyze that reporter.


Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

H. V. Sanders, Louisville, Ky., spent Sunday at the Brettun.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Ed. G. Gray spent Sunday at Arkansas City with his "brother."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

E. H. Leadley, from America's sheol, was at the Brettun yesterday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Now it is J. J. Hutto who is as happy as a clam at high water. It is a chubby ten pound boy.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The case of Marshal, Field & Co. vs. V. M. Ayers, to recover $468 on promissory note, is the latest filing with District Clerk Pate.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Frank W. Finch has invested a hundred dollars in one of Carson's fine Jerseys and will cream himself hereafter. She's a beauty.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Gov. Martin has issued his proclamation convening the legislature in extra session at twelve o'clock on Tuesday, January 19th, 1886.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The Young Folks Literary Society of the Presbyterian church will meet at Dr. Van Doren's Friday evening. This is the society organized at Mrs. Platter's two weeks ago.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Amos Snowhill now goes around with his beauty covered up with a pair of dude specks. A gigantic cold has settled in his eye, and he may have to send it to K. C.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

We were favored with a friendly call Wednesday by Mr. Leavitt, of the WINFIELD DAILY COURIER. THE COURIER is a splendid little daily and only costs $6 per year. It is one of our most valued exchanges. Cambridge News.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Sumner County has brought suit against the railroad companies that have received aid from the county to compel them to make a showing as to what disposition they have made of the $172,000 stock taken by the county.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

A gentleman who claims to know, and who, by the way, is a scholar and a christian, says the only difference between Cowley County and Paradise is that Cowley is receiving much the heaviest immigration and has the best roads.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

George Jennings has left us a wonderful freak of nature: a flat Osage orange plant, with branches like the curing horns of a deer. It resembles a cactus very much, but it thousands of prickers are more venomous. George got it on the Territory line, when on his recent hunting tour.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

On the 29th day of January, 1886, the State of Kansas will be twenty-five years of age; will have completed her first quarter of a century of existence as a member of a Federal Union. In many of our public schools the 29th of January has been observed for several years as "Kansas Day."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Patrick Somers and Mary E. Daly were joined by Judge Gans Wednesday, in the P. J.'s office. John M. Hubbell and Mary N. Pearson were wed by Judge Buckman. Both licenses committed before getting chilly. The first couple live near Arkansas City and the last in Winfield. We hope they will never have use for the bald-headed end of the broom.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Frank Sydal is now the man who don't know whether he's afoot or horseback. His employees have feared, all day, the necessity of harnessing him up, haltering himor anything to keep him down. His phiz is a conglomeration of smiles and blushes, as he receives congratulations on his patriotismon his activity in the interests of his country. They are twins, a boy and a girl, who made their advent this morning. They are plump, rosy, and vociferous.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Harris & Clark, our real estate firm. Have taken in a new partner, Captain Huffman, who is well known here to be a good businessman and a rustler. The old firm stands upon a solid basis as live real estate men, and with the new acquisition will be still stronger. They will make real estate hum in this part of the world. They will make loans a speciality and will furnish money to parties desiring it in any amount as cheap as anybody.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The businessmen and citizens of Arkansas City tendered a fine banquet to James Hill last night in recognition of his services to the city in the building of the K. C. & S. W. railroad, and the Caldwell branch. It is no doubt gratifying to him to know that his services are fully appreciated by the people of his home. They have stood behind him in every work, united and harmonious. Such backing always results in success, and prosperity for the successful.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The Rev. B. C. Swarts, of our city, went to Winfield Tuesday to perform the marriage ceremony for J. M. Hays and the lady of his choice. The young lady chose that her former pastor should officiate at an occasion full of bright hopes to her future. The young gentleman in this instance is the son of a Texas cattle owner and reputed to be possessed of much of this world's goods. May the young couple never want for a competent share of it.

Anthony Herald.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The following officers were elected for the ensuing year at the meeting of Cowley Legion No. 16, S. K. of A. O. U. W., last night. P. S. C., J. E. Snow; S. C., W. G. Seaver; V. C., T. J. Harris; L. C., C. H. Cleaves; R., J. F. McMullen; R. T., A. B. Snow; T., C. A. Bliss; M., C. E. Steuven; S. B., Dr. C. C. Green; J. W., S. H. Crawford; S. W., E. F. Blair; G., David Dix. The installation will occur on the evening of the first meeting in January.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Stafford's lightning express took wings and flew Friday at the S. K. depot. The driver left his express backed up, as usual, to the platform when a noise like untold distant thunder was heard by the bystanders, and, turning around, a vehicle hitched to a flying steed was seen in the distance. The driver pulled down his vest and throwing off his coat, started in hot pursuit. Step by step the driver gained on the flying charger and finally overtook it somewhere on South Millington street. It was a close race. Time 2:40; first heat won by the driver.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Charley Roberts, Freeman Newton, and Fred Bates, of the Roberts Orchestra, got left by the train, Friday, and had to face the frigid blasts by team to Burden, where they played for the regular bi-weekly hop of the Young Men's Social Club. The Burden boys are captivated with the music of our Orchestra, and will have it regularly during the winter. They want everything first-class, if expenses are a little elevated. Their hop last night was one of the liveliest, enhanced by the breezes from Alaska's icy fields. As we have numerously remarked, it takes a mighty good town to excel Burden in social gatherings. They have a crowd of gentle, refined, and handsome young folks that would do credit to a much larger place. They have no clique or classall genuine, free-hearted sociability.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

A. T. Spotswood returned Thursday from Richfield, the new Winfield town in Kansas County. He is enthusiastic over the prospect. The lots are selling very rapidly and the town on a consolidated boom. He goest to K. C. today to buy the furniture for Richfield's new hotel. He will return the first of the week, when his family will accompany him to make their home in the wild west. Our people will greatly regret the departure of this highly respected family. For years they have been prominent among our best families. Mrs. Spotswood has ever been zealous in all society movements and Miss Margaret is a great favorite with our young folks. Mr. Spotswood retains his residence property here, and, while wishing them every success in their new home, all will hope for their return to Winfield to reside at a not too distant future.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Winfield, notwithstanding her name for superiority in everything that goes to make the best citizenship, has some low, sneaking scoundrels. We are chagrined to chronicle so contemptible a trick as the breaking with a hatchet or other instrument of several of the large cut stone pilasters of the M. E. College, which were beautifully dressed and awaiting their places. The corners and edges were knocked off and the stones generally haggled: completely ruined. This shows a spirit that ought to be reciprocated with a horse-whip or cat-o-nine-tails. The contributors or college trustees could not suffer from such vandalismno spite could be vented against them in such an actit all falls on the contractor, who scratches his head in vain to place the damnable trick. There must have been some motive. The trick was deliberate. Whoever did it are unworthy of recognition as American citizens. They are as groveling and hellish as the lowest heathen.


A Campbellite Preacher Charged With a Horrible Crime.

A Policeman Gets Five Years for Inadvertently Killing an Obstreperous Gambler.

Fatal Stabbing.

Fifteen Fraudulent Land Pre-emptors Under Arrest.

The Mail Robbed in Texas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

CASSOPOLIS, MICH., December 4. The preliminary examination of Rev. Norman Osborne, a well known Campbellite or Christian minister, who is charged with a terrible crime, was commenced here this morning. For five years, up to a week ago, Osborne filled the pulpit of the United Brethren's church at Calvin, five miles south of here. He is a very tall, spare man, middle aged with long black beard and solemn countenance, and has been highly esteemed for his piety. About a week ago he suddenly disappeared and it then became known that his oldest daughter, a pretty girl of seventeen, had made a complaint charging that her father had repeatedly debauched her since July, 1883; that for the last year he had prevented her from making complaint by the statement that as she was now over sixteen, the law would regard her as equally guilty with himself, and that her step-mothershe being Osborne's daughter by a former marriagehad been cognizant of the crime. Upon these facts a warrant was issued for the preacher's arrest, and on Sunday last he was discovered at the Clifton House, in Chicago, where he had registered as J. Bartlett, of Pennsylvania. When arrested he said he had just come from Kansas, where he had been traveling for his health, and when searched at the Central station, a superb new revolver was found in his hip pocket. When asked why he, a minister of the gospel, carried such a weapon, he said that he was struck with a slung-shot while in Kansas City, and had purchased the weapon to protect himself from future assaults. He was brought back here Monday by Sheriff Sawyer. Public feeling against him is strong, and there have been threats of mob violence.


HOT SPRINGS, ARK., December 4. Carlo Brutus, colored, who while acting as policeman, killed Charles Foulke, alias Charles Watson, in this city last December, was today taken to the penitentiary at Little Rock under a sentence of five years. The killing occurred on a Sunday night. Watson was driving up Central avenue at a rapid rate and was boisterously drunk. He was whooping and firing his revolver. Brutus attempted to stop him, but the officer's commands were unheeded, and when Watson was about a hundred yards distant, Brutus fired a single shot, which took effect, producing instant death. Brutus did not intend to hit Watson but only fired to cause him to halt. Watson was one of the leading sporting men of the city and had many personal friends even among the better classes. He was one of the principal backers of Doran in the notorious Flynn-Doran feud.


NASHVILLE, TENN., December 4. William Quinn, while crossing the common from the depot at South Pittsburg, Tenn., met Ben Johnson, against whom he had a grudge. Quinn, who was under the influence of whiskey, spoke somewhat abusively to Johnson. Johnson put his hand in his pocket, and while backing from his victim, who could scarcely stand on his unsteady feet, took out an open knife, with which he struck Quinn blow after blow. The smitten man never spoke, but fell back bathed in his own gore. Johnson was arrested. In the dead man's pocket was found a package of candy he was taking to his little ones, saturated with their father's life blood. He leaves a wife and six children, who depended upon his efforts for support. He was an industrious and inoffensive man, his only fault being drinking. Johnson has a young wife.


OMAHA, NEB., December 4. On Monday next the United States District Court will commence a remarkably large number of trials of people who are charged with having defrauded and with conspiring to defraud the United States by means of fraudulent land entries. The United States Marshal has arrived from Denver with fifteen prisoners against whom indictments were found at the last term of court and it is said that the number of fraudulent entries will reach two hundred. The prisoners claim that they are backed by a syndicate that will expend a million dollars in their defense if necessary. It is also charged that the same parties have made fraudulent entries on a large scale in Wyoming Territory.


SAN ANTONIO, TEX., December 4. The Fredericksburg mail was stopped near Comfort about dark yesterday and robbed by two young men. They took the mail driver's watch and overcoat, also unhitched two horses from the coach, and went off in the direction of Fredericksburg after they had cut the telegraph wires below town. The mail robbers are supposed to have passed through Fredericksburg at ten p.m., for later they cut the telegraph wires again, cutting off all communication. A posse of citizens and officers, under the Sheriff, has gone in pursuit, with strong hopes of recovering the highwaymen. The amount of valuables received from the mail bags is not known.


CHICAGO, December 4. Mrs. Annie Smith, aged twenty-seven, recently released from an insane asylum at St. Peters, Minn., yesterday attempted to murder her brother and his two little children. She had been released as cured only recently.


PITTSBURGH, Pennsylvania, December 4. Burglars entered the private banking house of Bantel & Co., at Freedom, Pa., and exploded the safe, with giant powder. The thieves secured about $15,000.


NEW YORK, December 4. Goode, the murderer of Policeman North, was yesterday sentenced to prison for life.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

CLINTON, ILL., December 4. The Clinton Gas Company began boring for natural gas in this city this afternoon. The work has been delayed for several weeks, but will now progress without further interference. A depth of thirty-five feet was reached today.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

NEW YORK, December 4. The Chamber of Commerce adopted resolutions deploring the decline of American shipping, and suggesting as a remedy the establishment of a bureau of commerce under the control of the Secretary of the Treasury.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The will of the late Vice President Hendricks, recently probated, bequeathed all his property to his widow.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

WASHINGTON, December 4. Commissioner Sparks of the General Land Office today promulgated the following order modifying his order of April 3 last to suspend final action to issue patents on settlement and improvement claims for examination with respect to compliance with the law: "The Commissioner will certify and request the issue of patents upon all entries not subject to reasonable doubt, viz.: First, in contests where the rights of the successful parties have been established; second, where examinations have been made by the Government agents and no fraud appears; third, homestead entries where residence, improvement, and cultivation have been made according to law. A board to consist of the Assistant Commissioner, the Chief Clerk, and the Chief Law Clerk are hereby organized to pass upon and report said cases to the Commissioner."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

BRIDGEPORT, ILLINOIS, December 4. A prominent physician, who was Hendricks' friend and attendant for a longer period than any other doctor, says Hendricks did not die of heart paralysis. Several years ago he was stricken with paralysis, from which he never fully recovered, and as usual in cases of paralysis, fat formed, which eventually reached the brain and caused death.


That Divided Responsibility was the Cause of the Recent Savage Outbreaks In

Arizona and New Mexico. His Understanding With the Executive.

He Claims to Have Been Thwarted by Agent Ford.

The Matter Satisfactorily Arranged.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

WASHINGTON, December 4. Brigadier General Crook, commanding the Department of Arizona, in his annual report describes at considerable length the circumstances which attended the outbreak of the Chiricahuas, under Geronimo, Mangus, and other chiefs last spring, and declares substantially that the want of harmony between the agents of the Interior Department and the military makes such outbreaks possible. He says that upon returning to the Department of Arizona in 1882 he found the Apaches huddled about the agency, where there was no land for them to cultivate. The Indians complained of this, and the agent, Mr. Willcox, acknowledged the justice of the complaint, but said he was acting in strict compliance with his orders in keeping them there. He said, however, that if General Crook would take the whole responsibility of the management, he (Willcox) would make no objection to their removal to other localities within the reservation. The Chiricahuas were then out, and it was agreed on all hands that it was best to bring in all that could not be killed.


"This whole matter," writes Crook, "was fully understood before I started for the Sierra Madre. Imagine my surprise when I reached the border on my return from the Sierra Madre with a portion of the Chiricahuas as captives to learn that the agent had telegraphed to Washington protesting against their being brought on the reservation."

Soon afterwards General Crook was ordered to Washington for consultation and in his presence, after full discussion, a memorandum was signed by the Secretary of War and the Interior by which the police control of the entire reservation was vested in the War Department. "The scope of this control," he says, "was thoroughly discussed and was thoroughly understood, not only by myself but by the other persons present, viz.: the Secretary of War, Secretary of the Interior, and the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. The idea that the authority which I had already exercised on the reservation, simply as a matter of necessity, was to be in any degree lessened or limited was never hinted at. On the contrary, my duties and powers were by the agreement expressly recognized and made record and were exercised and enforced without any objection for nearly two years.


"Upon this express understanding I made myself responsible for the peace and quiet of the Indians. For more than two years there was not a single depredation committed by the Apaches, the first time within the memory of white men that so long an interval of peace had been enjoyed in Arizona and New Mexico. As I have said before, up to this time the Indian Department seemed only too willing to have me manage the entire Indian business, giving me the most hearty cooperation, and I certainly could not conceive that with the added danger of the Chiricahuas there would be any less degree of cooperation. Months afterwards it appears that on the very day the above agreement was entered into the Secretary of the Interior wrote Agent Willcox in terms which must have convinced him that neither he nor the Commissioner of Indian Affairs were in accord with my views in reference to Indian management and at the same time saying the agreement was a makeshift to relieve them from responsibility and transfer it to my shoulders; also hinting that expression of views adverse to the method of settlement would be agreeable to the department.


"The result was inevitable, and on September 12 I find that Agent Willcox is complaining to the Interior Department with reference to the agreement that it deprived him of his power in his government of the Indians and left little to sustain his authority and influence, and recommended its termination. Of course I have no knowledge of the contents of the confidential communications between the Indian Department and its agent, but as the sequel I find that early in December following, in less than five months, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, in a letter to the Secretary of the Interior, takes the ground that the agreement was with the express understanding that the military officers were to have the supervision of the police regulations on the reservation under the direction and with the approval of the Indian agent. With this action of the Interior Department officials at Washington, it is not to be wondered that the dangers of divided control and want of cooperation should become manifest."


In December, 1884, Agent Willcox was relieved and a Mr. Ford was appointed in his place. The new agent worked in harmony, but by the middle of January he took another course. General Crook reported the matter, and asked that his administration be sustained or that he be relieved of responsibility. He was instructed, pending a conference between the two departments at Washington, "not to interfere with the farming operations of Indians who are not considered as prisoners," and informed that the question of relieving him must in public interest be held in abeyance for the present. Thereupon General Crook wrote the Adjutant General a letter, the concluding paragraphs of which are as follows: "As this right of control has now been withdrawn from me, I must respectfully decline to be any longer held responsible for the behavior of any of the Indians on that reservation. Further, I regret being compelled to say that in refusing to relieve me from this reservation as requested in my letter of January 20, and at the same time taking from me the power by which these dangerous Indians have been controlled and managed and compelled to engage in industrial pursuits, the War Department destroys my influence and does an injustice to me and the service which I represent."

The outcome of the matter was the appointment of Captain F. E. Pierce, First Infantry, as Indian agent at San Carlos and the dangers from divided responsibility were at an end.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Reports were in circulation in Madrid that the young Queen Mercedes had developed symptoms of lung disease and scrofulous debility inherited from her father, and will never be in a proper condition of health to succeed to the throne.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

MURPHYSBORO, ILL., December 4. An old and highly respected citizen of this place met with a serious and perhaps fatal accident this afternoon in the mines here, known as the new shaft. The cage fell upon him, producing a concussion of the spine in the lumbar region. The injuries are of a very serious nature.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

RICHMOND, VA., December 4. The official canvass of the vote at the late election for Governor was completed today. The following is the result: Total vote cast for Governor 280,071, of which Fitzhugh Lee (Democrat) received 152,544; John S. Wise (Republican) 136,510; scattering, 17.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

CHICAGO, ILL., December 4. The committee in charge of the affairs of the National Base Ball League has decided to limit the number of clubs in the league to six. They are: Chicago, St. Louis, Detroit, Philadelphia, New York, and Boston.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

WASHINGTON, December 4. The Postmaster General has appointed the following fourth-class postmasters in Missouri: At Malden, William H. Shelton; at Montrose, T. M. Curtis; at Wright City, John V. Haves.


A Tug, Struggling to Get Through Hell Gate, New York, Bursts Its Boiler.

The Boat Shattered to Pieces and the Crew Nowhere to be Found.

Great Fire in Detroit.Loss, $300,000.

A Large Sawmill at Bay City, Michigan, Destroyed.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

NEW YORK, December 4. At about six o'clock last evening while the tugboat, Dory Emory, was towing a stone barge up the East River, her boiler exploded opposite Sixteenth street. The report of the explosion was heard at least two miles and a number of boats put out to render assistance, but no trace of the tug could be found and it is believed that she sank immediately with all on board. The barge was taken in tow and made fast to a pier at Blackwell's Island. The search for the tug and its crew continued for some time, but no trace of either was found. Persons near the scene of the explosion say the tug was blown to pieces, and all on board were drowned. Persons living along the river front describe the explosion as terrific. The windows of many houses in the neighborhood were completely shattered. Several buildings were badly shaken, and for a time great excitement prevailed. Horace A. Green, a deck hand, employed on the steamer Franklin Edson, which was about 250 yards distant, says that immediately after the explosion he put off in a boat to render assistance, but could find no trace of the tug or any of the crew. As far as can be learned, the crew numbered six men, and there seems little doubt that all perished. The names of the men have not yet been learned. The crew of the tug consisted of five men: Captain Garrett Morris; Louis Capperati, engineer; Charles Davis, cook; Thomas Van Hansen, fireman; Garret Morris, Jr., deck hand. Last evening the tug started down the river with a scow lashed to its side. The scow was freighted with stone for ballast. At Hell Gate a strong flood tide was too much for the tug, so she put on extra steam to aid in stemming the current. The supposition is that the extra pressure was too sudden and caused the disaster. A steam launch picked up the scow on which there were, at the time of the accident, four men. The health boat was at the scene of the explosion soon after the accident, but found no trace of any of the crew. There is no doubt but that all perished. The Dory Emery was valued at $10,000.


DETROIT, December 4. Yesterday morning at six o'clock fire broke out in the stockroom of the Barnum wire works. There was a delay of fully ten minutes before an alarm could be turned in, and the fire spread with great rapidity. Three alarms were sent in, and half a dozen engines were called, but the whole building was a mass of flame before they arrived. A gale of wind from the west fanned the flames into a fury, huge cinders were hurled high into the air and carried them blocks away, and for a time it seemed that the whole neighborhood was doomed. The efforts of the fire department were devoted chiefly to saving property in the neighborhood, it being impossible to save the wire works. Notwithstanding the hard work of the firemen, the fire spread to Howard street, and the men were compelled to retreat before the flames with scorched hands and faces burned. The heat was intense, and set fire to three double, two-story houses, which were about half consumed before the firemen could get to work on them. The occupants were able to move most of their furniture to a place of safety. These houses were valued at $8,000; insured for $6,000. After the fire in the wire works had burned for some hours, the walls began to fall, and the firemen had many narrow escapes. The works were an almost entire loss. Building, valued at $112,000; stock, $50,000, and machinery $150,000. Total insurance $116,700. Two hundred men are thrown out of employment.


BAY CITY, MICH., December 4. At eleven o'clock last night fire broke out in the cupola of the fire room of the McGraw saw mill, owned by Birdsall & Barker. The wind was blowing lightly from the west and carried the fire to the main building of the mill, which soon became a mass of seething flames. The firemen saw that the mill would be consumed and directed their attention to keeping the fire from spreading, and by strenuous efforts confined the conflagration to the mill property and adjoining tramways. At one o'clock the mill was in ruins. It was the largest saw mill on the Saginaw River and at the time of its erection in 1873 was the largest of the kind in the world. Mr. Birdsall places the loss at $150,000; insurance, $100,000. It is not known whether it will be rebuilt.


ST. JOSEPH, MO., December 4. At Stanberry, Gentry County, at three o'clock yesterday morning, fire was discovered in a row of buildings on First street, which destroyed an empty building belonging to O. C. Arnold, S. C. Carlisle's restaurant, M. Barnett's grocery store, C. F. Gardner's hardware house, the dressmaking rooms of the Misses Judge, and J. B. Foxworthy's harness shop. All the houses were well stocked. The following are the losses and insurance: C. F. Gardner, hardware, stock $6,000, building $14,000. M. Barrett, grocer, stock, $3,300, building, $1,400, insurance $3,000. O. A. Arnold, building, loss $1,200, insurance, $500; James Brown, building, $800, insured for $400. Dawson, building, loss about $1,000. Carlisle's and McCoy's losses are covered by insurance.


BALTIMORE, MD., December 4. Noble L. Mitchell, city school examiner, his mother and his brothers, were poisoned by arsenic which accidentally found its way into their coffee at breakfast this morning. Mrs. Mitchell had put arsenic in an extract box lid on the cupboard shelf for mice, and forgetting all about it, replaced the lid on the box, this mixing the poison with the extract. All are recovering.


SPRING HILL, KAN., December 4. This city is having a big blaze. A fire originated in Governor Lyon's hardware store at eight o'clock this morning and the store and contents, also the Commercial House, Geffee's harness shop, Mrs. Bailey's millinery shop, and Mackey's office and about half the lumber yard are a total loss. The fire is thought to be now under control. The insurance is light.


HARTFORD, CONN., December 4. About three o'clock this morning fire was discovered on the fourth floor of the clock case shop of E. N. Welsh & Co., of Forestville. The building was four stories high and built of brick and wood and was entirely destroyed, together with the engine, boilers, machinery and stock. The loss was $90,000; insurance, $43,000.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

PITTSBURGH, PA., December 4. A special from Oil City, Pennsylvania, says the Standard Oil Co. has a scheme under way to pipe the natural gas for heating and illuminating purposes to Buffalo. The plan is to lay a large trunk line from the Venango District to Corry and from thence to Buffalo. At Corry will be placed the pumping machinery necessary to force the gas on to its destination. The machinery, it is said, is to be constructed on the principle of the great Worthington duplex pumps used by the National Transit Company for pumping oil, modified in such a manner as to adapt them to their new uses.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

WASHINGTON, December 4. Advices from the west representing that Missouri people abroad complain of the needless delay in the receipt of St. Louis and Kansas City newspapers indicated the fact that St. Louis and Kansas City not being exchange offices for foreign mails, it operates to the disadvantage of these cities. As it is all mail from St. Louis and Kansas City for foreign countries has to go to the city postoffice in New York and be distributed by the clerks there, the result being that newspapers which reach New York on the day the mail steamer sails, are not sent out until the next steamer.




Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Representatives of the whiskey interest are in Washington feeling their way to a reduction of the tax on whiskey from 99 to 50 cents a gallon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

It is understood that the noble commonwealth of Delaware is firmly convinced that Dakota has not yet acquired the proper development for a State.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Whiskey has done what the Republican party was never able to accomplish. It has made possible a fair count of the colored man's vote in Georgia. But it is for this occasion only.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

It is a sublime spectacle to see Senators and Representatives from little seven by nine States making vigorous opposition to the admission of the great, populous, and healthy territory of Dakota.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The Boston Herald says that the art of making pumpkin pie is a lost one in New England. There must be something in it, for the Herald speaks right out this way the day after Thanksgiving.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The mayors of the various cities in Iowa having a population of more than 4,000 will meet at Des Moines December 16th, to discuss the liquor problem, with a view to influencing legislation.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Atlanta has voted for prohibition, and the Atlanta Constitution has been dressed in a new suit. Many an Atlanta man will now be able to get a new rig with money that was formerly dropped at the saloon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The death of Grant, followed by McClellan's and Hendricks' have kept the newspapers for several months filled with funeral effusions. Let us hope that the solemn need of obituary literature has passed for a long time to come.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Kansas wants two new military forts on her southern border; and Nebraska two on her northern border. These four garrisons, it is believed, will settle all probable Indian demonstrations east of the Rocky Mountains for all time to come.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

No reason can be given why Senator Logan should not be elected as president of the Senate. Precedent establishes the election of a Republican, and the late Republican nominee is well known to have ample qualifications for the office of vice president.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

A change of 502 votes in the State of New York would have made General John A. Logan Vice President of the United States in place of Thomas A. Hendricks. What could be more fitting than the election of General Logan by the Senate to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Vice President Hendricks?

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The English have subdued King Theebaw, and will at once annex Burmah to the Indian empire. The war that has subjugated the Burmese is the shortest on record, not being over three weeks in duration. Prussia whipped Austria in six weeks, and that, up to the war between England and Burmah, was regarded as the shortest ever history recorded.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The men who were implicated in the enormous robberies of Ferdinand Ward that brought about the memorable collapse of May, 1884, are being gradually brought to account. Ward has been sent to join Fish in the penitentiary, and now Warner and Work are jointly indicted with Ward for conspiracy to defraud the stockholders to the Marine Bank, who were among the victims.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The Democrats warmly encourage the prohibition party movement in Ohio, New York, and other northern states. If it is from principal and not because that party will draw nearly all its strength from the Republican party, they will of course encourage a prohibition party in Georgia where much of its strength will be drawn from the Democratic ranks. But they won't do it. It will be as dangerous in the South for a man to vote a prohibition party ticket as it now is to vote a Republican ticket.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

It has been stated and believed that in the Southern states the strength of prohibition was entirely in the white vote and that the colored voters were generally opposed to prohibition, therefore, that the success of that measure depends entirely upon Democratic votes, the exact reverse of the situation in the Northern states. But the late vote in Fulton County, Georgia, in which is the city of Atlanta, does not seem to support this idea. The country precincts and North Atlanta, where much the largest proportion of negroes live, gave 550 majority for prohibition, while South Atlanta precincts, where two thirds of the people are whites, gave a majority of 331 against prohibition.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Senator John A. Logan was nominated in the Republican senatorial caucus for president of the senate, but he declined peremptorily to accept. Possibly he was influence in his refusal by the large amount of slush which has been published in not only Democratic papers but in some Republican papers also, to the effect that it would be dangerous to elect Logan as it would be an invitation for some Republican crank to kill Cleveland that he might be succeeded by Logan as chief magistrate of the nation, and calling attention to the fact that a Democratic crank assassinated Lincoln and a Republican crank assassinated Garfield.

We consider all this as mere Democratic bluff (echoed by a few fool Republicans) to scare the senate with ten Republican majority, out of electing a Republican chairman; for we see no reason against Logan's election as president of the senate, which is not equally strong against the election of any other Republican senator. If any Republican senator is green enough to vote for a Democrat for president of the senate on that one count he should be caught and confined in some institution for the imbecilic.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Another change has come over us and we are again on the wing, not, however, by choice but of necessity. I have here a very united and affectionate people and one of the great trials of my life is to leave them. The labors of Mr. Trimble, at Colfax, are beyond his strength. He has been pastor of the church and president of the college. Under the double work his health is giving way, and so he resigned the pastoral care of the church to devote his whole time to the college which has increased under his administration from 9, when he first opened, to an enrollment of 130 students. And now it becomes my duty to take up double work as I have both pastoral care of the church and the financial agency of Colfax College. We have resolved to raise funds between now and next September for suitable buildings. That would be a small matter amongst the princely citizens in Winfield, but it will be no small matter with us. Wheat is selling at 87 [?] cents per bushel and the people are generally poor. Now, Mr. Editor, if you think that you can put a few hundred in to help us, we will give you credit. I do not feel that we can dispense with your regular visits and so I hope we will find assistance henceforth at Colfax, Washington Territory. Excuse haste and expect more anon.


[Note: Much of this item was almost obliterated on the left side of article. Had to guess at some of the words and really could not make out the price of wheat. MAW]


The Winfield Courier.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

With the compliments of the season, the publishers of THE WINFIELD COURIER extend their warmest thanks to their thousands of patrons for their very generous support, which has enabled us to supply this office with a large amount of new, beautiful, and costly material, making it the most complete office in Southern Kansas and enabling us to do our work in all departments of the printing business rapidly, neatly, and in the most beautiful and perfect manner, and at a considerable less expense for the same amount of work. Our new four-horse power gas engine alone is saving us two-thirds of the former expense for power and our additional job material and press enables us to nearly double the amount of work formerly done and in a more perfect manner.

These improvements and savings we credit largely to our grand list of Weekly subscribers, who have stood by us with their prompt payments and encouraging words, and we propose to give them the benefit of these improvements.

We shall get things in shape by January 1st, 1886, prox., and on and after that date we shall enlarge the WEEKLY COURIER to a six page paper, thus giving our readers double the amount of reading matter that we have been able to give them in the past. This will make it the most valuable weekly newspaper in Kansas, and enable us to give more fully the local news of our County, full reports of Legislative, State, Congressional, National, and foreign news, full reports of the local and general markets of the country, a vast amount of selected, interesting, and valuable miscellaneous matter, and editorial comments on current topics.

THE COURIER has always kept pace with the wonderful growth and progress of Cowley County, or a little ahead. If it has not been the leader in all these improvements, it has kept ahead of the procession and has contributed no mean share of the work which has made this county one of the most prosperous on earth. When it started in January, 1873, it was a seven column, four page paper, of the size of our smallest DAILY COURIER now, but printed in much larger type, giving not half as much reading matter in a column as now, but it was so much ahead of the county that it did not pay, and its originator, R. S. Waddell, an experienced newspaper man, was obliged to sell out. His successors, James Kelly and E. C. Manning, were able to keep it up to its initial size and cost until in 1877 the increased support arising from the progress of the county made it begin to pay reasonably well. In August, 1877, it came under the present management and was immediately enlarged to an eight column paper.

In the spring of 1878 it was again enlarged in effect by discarding its large or primer type for brevier and its old brevier for nonpareil, which added nearly fifty per cent to its amount of reading matter. At the same time it added a thousand dollar press and new type and material. By persistent and expensive efforts, it increased its subscription list from 600 to 2,000; but all this cost the proprietors two thousand dollars to make the receipts balance the expenses for two years. Then the paper was again far ahead of the county in its advances. Later it absorbed the Monitor and increased its list to 2,700. A year ago it put on a new dress of beautiful minion, which being smaller than brevier, increased its amount of reading matter. It has been on a paying basis for the last four years and now enlarges again on January first to such extent as to double its amount of reading matter and that will all be home printed and carefully edited, and our subscribers will get double returns for their money.

There are 7,000 voters in this county and nearly as many more who ought to be voters and the WEEKLY COURIER ought to have from these a subscription list of not less than 5,500. It ought to double its list in the next thirty days. It aims to be the best and most valuable family paper in the state, the peer of any newspaper anywhere, and its character for purity of tone and devotion to the best interests of its county and its patrons is well established.

Please send in your subscription at once. If you cannot spare but twenty-five cents, send it along with your post-office address and you shall have the paper as long as that lasts at least. The price will not be increased, but remain as heretofore, $1.50 in advance or $2 if payment is delayed three months. When you remit, if you want the paper discontinued at the end of the time it pays for, please state it, for most of our subscribers in the county desire it right along and when we know the parties to be good pay in a reasonable time we prefer, to not discontinue, but we must have the option to discontinue in all cases when the time of prepayment has expired.

Terms if paid in advance:

Two months: $ .25

Four months: .50

Six months: .75

One year: 1.50

Persons visiting Winfield are invited to call on us and see the workings of our new gas engine and power presses.


One week: $ .15

Four weeks: .50

Three months: 1.50

One year: 6.00


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Our big bargains in ready made men's suits at five and ten dollars, is going off rapidly. Come in and look at them. M. Hahn & Co.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

R. I. Hogue, formerly of the Winfield nursery, has gone into the nursery business at Ashland.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

From now until Jan. 1st we will sell zephyr at five cents and Germantown wool at eight cents a skein. M. Han & Co.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

A lot of men's odd coats at two dollars a piece. M. Hahn & Co.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The recent "flare up" at Yale College concerning the education of a lady to the law school is something that the opposition will not be proud of in years to come. As it appears, she is a graduate of Ann Arbor, and has passed the requisite examinations. The necessary fees have also been paid, and, as the Dean of the law department knew nothing in the constitution and by-laws to keep her out, she was admitted to the class. A woman in the law school of Yale College! Think of it, and then conceive the cold chills that ran down the backs of the conservative faculty in general, and President Porter in particular. How could the world go calmly round with a young woman student in Yale College? Shades of the dead- and-gone fathers would rise up and howl. As report goes, President Porter, in college parlance, "flew on" the Dean of the law school, and the Dean "sassed back," and said there was no good reason, that he could see, why a well-behaved, industrious young woman should be kept out. There is nothing in the rules and regulations to prevent the admission of properly qualified women. And then the President "tore madly around," and said the idea of girls in Yale had never been contemplated for a single minute. A rule for their exclusion had never been made because no such ridiculous contingency had ever been dreamed of in their philosophy. The Dean stuck to his point, and as to putting the young lady out after she had been regularly admitted would have brought more unpleasant notoriety than "the faculty" fancied; the matter was compromised by allowing her to remain, but her name was not to be permitted to appear on the catalogue, and she was to receive no diploma, however proficient she might be or however high her standing.

After this chivalric and equitable adjustment had been made, President Porter retired to try and reconcile his great mind to such an appalling innovation within the classic shades of Yale. It is sad to record that the idea of a girl in college was too much for him, and he has since resigned the Presidency. Still things might be worse. "A woman lost Marc Antony the world."

Suppose Miss Jordan's name does not appear on the catalogue of the college, it will appear in the world's records as that of the first woman who entered Yale College. And as to the diploma, if she earns one, its denial will be forever a dark blot on the proud escutcheon of one of the greatest colleges in the country.

The end of all this bull-headed obstinacy will be the free admission of women into all of our first-class colleges.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Congress meets next Monday, and one of its first and most important duties is to settle the Indian Territory question. Provisions should be made for a territorial government to go into effect at once, and to make allotments in severalty to all the Indians in the territory of lands to the amount of 160 acres per head. Sufficient time should be taken to make these selections and locations for the Indians and the necessary surveys, which should be done promptly, during which time all settlers should be kept out by a plenty of military force until a time set, at as early a day as the preparations can be made, when the unappropriated lands of the whole Territory shall be open to preemption and settlement. For the purpose of enforcing these regulations and of protecting the borders of Kansas from Indian raids during the time of turbulence which might and probably would follow this radical change, there should at once be at least three military posts established along the border in Kansas, one in Cowley County, one in Comanche County, and one near the southwest corner of the state. This is a work imperatively demanded of Congress by the necessities of the case to prevent anarchy and bloodshed, and to advance the interests of civilization, good government, and general prosperity.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

A few years ago we made club rates with the Leavenworth Weekly Times and placed that paper in some 400 or 500 families in this county. It was regarded as one of the best, largest, spiciest, ablest, and most fearless newspapers in the whole country and full of the condensed news of the world and of this state in particular; yet its list has dropped off to a minimum in this county, probably because its anti-prohibition position did not meet with such a response as it did in some other counties. Later events have changed its position in that respect, have opened its eyes to the fact that prohibition can be enforced in this state, and that the liquor traffic is the natural enemy of the Republican party and all progress, and it is now a strong supporter of the enforcement of the prohibitory law.

Of course, it now encounters the hostility of the saloon interest, which will boycott it and threaten violence; but it will, with its accustomed fearlessness, pursue its course.

Whatever faults its editor, D. R. Anthony, may have, cowardice is not one of them. His career has been one succession of dangers, and startling events. His conflicts with the slave power, the rebellion, and with all sorts of frauds, have subjected him to the violent hatred of those whom he exposed and to their frequent attempts of assassination. But he yet lives a terror to frauds.

The club price of the Weekly Times and the Weekly COURIER is two dollars per year paid strictly in advance, to persons who first pay all arrears, if any, to the COURIER. Persons who have already paid for the COURIER beyond Jan. 1, 1886, may pay us such sum in addition as will make up $2.00 for the year 1886, and receive both papers up to January 1, 1887.

We advise all to avail themselves of this offer before January 1, 1886, for the proposition may be withdrawn at that time.


Interesting Items Gleaned From State Exchanges.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The earnings of the penitentiary for October exceed the expenditures by more than $4,590.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The Independent at Salina, has been changed to the Republican, and politics changed accordingly.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

A teacher in the deaf and dumb institution at Olathe has been arrested for cruelly beating a number of inmates of that asylum.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Fred Hale accidently shot John Tinnurman at Lawrence last Sunday. Hale didn't know the revolver was loaded. Tinnurman cannot live.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Mr. Henry Pedigo, an old resident of Aubery, Johnson County, accidently shot himself last Tuesday morning and died instantly. He was about 55 years old.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The mayor of Washington, Kansas, has ordered the skating rinks of that place closed. He claims that the tendencies are demoralizing, wholly evil, and in direct opposition to the best interests of the town.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

A young man by the name of Henry Zimmerman, while racing horses with another young man at Robinson, Brown County, a short time since, was violently thrown from his horse against a wire fence, which resulted in injuries from which he died last Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Paola Times: The family of Dr. Floyd were severely poisoned from eating canned oysters Monday evening. Five of the family were attacked, and for a while things wore a serious aspect; but prompt action prevented anything more unpleasant than severe illness.


Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The Holtby estate will experiment on listing eighty acres of corn on fall plowing.

"Rural," of the Tribune, has now undertaken a herculean taskthe sprouting of sideburns. A close observation reveals the fact that he has induced four hairs to make an appearance on each side.

Several of our enterprising farmers are improving this fine weather in plowing their ground preparatory to planting corn early in the spring. The late rains put the ground in fine condition for the plows.

The Thanksgiving dinner at Irwin Chapel was not a brilliant success financially. There were literary exercises in the evening spiced with oysters. Mark was unable to be present because of pressing business elsewhere.

Will Beach has not yet returned from his Florida trip, whither he accompanied his invalid brother, George, three weeks ago. The latter will spend the winter in that mild region eating oranges and alligators as an antidote for consumption.

The prospective station on the K. C. & S. W. is still hanging fire. The aid of the Board of railroad commissioners will probably be invoked to enable the company to make a decision. Much valuable business is being lost by procrastination.

The recent drizzling rains were an immense benefit to the growing wheat. Notwithstanding the fact that most of the seeding the past fall was done quite late, the wheat crop looks more thrifty and vigorous than it did the same time last fall.

Messrs. Harbaugh and Victor returned last Friday from a month's prospecting tour in the western counties. Mr. Harbaugh was not favorably enough impressed with that country to invest, while Mr. Victor exchanged forty-five hundred dollars for real estate in Pawnee County, near Larned.

If "Nellie Gray," of the Telegram, alias a farmer correspondent for THE COURIER, from these "diggin's" would divest herself of that auburn mustache, lengthen her petticoat, and part her hair in the middle, her disguise would be more complete. There is nothing in a name, but the fact of two hundred pounds of masculine avoirdupois sailing under feminine colors may indicate a softening of the brain.

Last night a literary society was organized at the Centennial schoolhouse in district four. Officers elected: Hon. C. P. King, president; M. H. Markham, vice-president; Ed Garrett, secretary; Miss Lulu Teeter, treasurer. A programme was extemporized for next Tuesday evening when the following question will be discussed: "That wealth causes more happiness than poverty." Chief disputants: affirmative, W. D. Holcombe; negative, John Vandevere.

Our Pleasant Valley depot, on the K. C. & S. W., is a sweet-scented reality and looms up majestically directly opposite the Zack Myers schoolhouse. Lon Broadwell and Kyle McClung may now cease kicking each other and making faces at their neighbors and come up and occupy said building. By leaving their number tens out doors, the capacity of the building might then accommodate their manly forms. Stop whining about those bonds now and go do in your pockets for lucre.

Died, Monday, November 23rd, Frankie, infant son of Mr. and Mrs. George Teter, of diphtheria. The remains were interred the following day in the Tannehill cemetery on the banks of the Arkansas river. Rev. J. H. Reider, of Winfield, officiated in the funeral services.

The precious jewel, dear and fair,

Is now transplanted over there

Beyond earth's cruel pain and strife,

To revel in eternal life.

"Cypress," in last week's Tribune, takes the liberty of venting some spleen against "Mark" ostensibly in defense of "Teacher" and that empty whiskey bottle. It is quite plain now who imbibed the contents of said bottle. "Teacher" is hereby relieved of all the circumstantial evidence connecting him with the affair. Those who live in glass houses should exercise caution about throwing stones. "Cypress" being an emblem of sadness and mourning, the Tribune correspondent could not have chosen a more appropriate signature to represent the true state of his feelings. No my dear "Cypress," if this is your funeral, have some decency about you and conduct yourself in a manner becoming in a respectable corpse.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Dr. Rothrock and wife spent Sunday day at Bob Weakly's.

Mr. Fred Arnold and wife at this writing are visiting down on Grouse creek.

Some persons not as honest as they should be stopped at the schoolhouse and gathered some of the furniture and other articles, also some coal, and made their escape unmolested. Of course it is aid to movers.

Jimmy Rucker finished his sheep herding and feels quite proud of his first earnings, and well may he be, for he did well. He is now ready for school and will be successful there if any of them are.

Clark Bryant and two sons and his brother have gone on a hunting expedition.

The young folks had an oyster supper at B. D. Harmon's recently; not such a big crowd but all seemed to enjoy themselves.

I have been informed that Grandma Weakly thinks probably that the item in the last November issue had reference to her, as they are the only ones that have a hired hand in this neighborhood. Well, others have boys about them and I hear, don't want them to set up and eat at the table with them when they have company.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

A cold wave broke in upon our sunshine last Friday.

Mrs. Scothorn, of Winfield, took dinner at the Chapple [?] Thanksgiving.

Mr. D. Whitson is building an addition to his already commodious house.

Mrs. J. Ricks is entertaining her brother from the Hoosier state. He will remain all winter.

Rans Holland and Charley Metcalf are home from their western trip. Have not learned whether they located or not.

Mrs. Will Fisher, of Winfield, was out to eat turkey Thanksgiving.

Will Muret and Mr. Gody have gone west with a view to locating.

John Hughes, of Beaver, has squatted on a claim in Stanton County. It is rumored that he has to haul water 18 miles. When John hauls water for this winter and it freezes to a cake of ice, then his only cry will be cold water.

Christmas is coming, and just as sure as it comes there will be a Christmas tree at the Pleasant Valley church. The Irwin Chapel folks will join in with them and a big time is expected.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The Republican administrations have been paying all demands on the treasury besides reducing the principal of public debt about one hundred millions a year. We now have had over nine months of Democratic reform administration during which time not one dollar of the public debt has been paid, but it has increased several millions, and now appears a probable deficiency of twenty-five millions of expenditures over receipts for the current fiscal year. And yet the party is pledged to reduce the tariff and make sundry new appropriations. At this rate it will not take long to place the country in the same condition it was under the last Democratic administration 1856 to 1860 when U. S. 12 per cent bonds would not bring par and the treasury was empty. Then you could buy labor and farm produce for less than half what it brings now, while manufactured articles in competition with foreign wares brought double the price they do now. Yet a return to the condition of 1860 is Democratic reform.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

W. J. Hodges came up from Ponca yesterday. He says the big Territory fire was not so bad as reported, though fearfully destructive. Only eight head of cattle, mostly calves, have yet been found burned to death. Tomlin and Webb have 200 tons of hay left, but all their buildings, fences, etc., were swept away. The ranches of Hill & Allen, Beach & Pickens, Dick Best, Botts, and others lost about all their feed, fences, etc. The range is all burned off and the cattle will have to be brought to the State. The loss of cattle was badly exaggerated. Lacey Tomlin and Ed McMullen went down to Tomlin & Webb's ranch yesterday, but have not yet returned. T. & W. have 2,500 head of cattle.


A Resume of the Stuff Dispensed For the Past Month.

The County Hospital Record, as Shown by the Druggists' Filings

With the Probate Judge.

5 Barrels of Whiskey and 367 Bottles of Beer.Other Drinks.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

November has come and gone and with the approaching cold weather we find a slight increase in the sale of intoxicants by comparing notes of the sales in the county. This fact can be easily explained when we take into consideration the amount of transient travel through our county and city, and the rapid increase in our population. It is beginning to dawn upon the minds of rational peoplepeople who care for and appreciate a good thing when it becomes known to them, that the forty rod whiskey usually obtained in this country is not a sure panacea for all the ailments the human body is heir tooare becoming aware that there are thousands of other things that fill the void with much better results to both health and mind than whiskey. There are some, however, that would guzzle anything they can get, if it will only muddle the brain regardless of the consequences to character or bodily injury. This class of citizens will continue to booze up every opportunity they get, and it is useless to attempt to educate them to any higher degree of civilization. The sooner they are encased in their wooden coats and planted, the better it will be for the community in general. The comparison of whiskey for October and November shows an increase of 470 pints for the past month over October, with Arkansas City far in the lead as usual. Steinberger continues to be the lion of the Terminus, recording the sale of several gallons more than any of his competitors, in his own town and every other town as well. His sales amount to six pints less for November than for October, taking all the rope he can safely, and we presume conscientiously to himself; but in behalf of Mr. Steinberger and for the benefit of our readers, we will state that his drug trade is very largemuch larger than his competitors, and his whiskey business could be done on the same scale and still be legitimate and not over the bounds of the law. His beer record for the last month is creditableremarkably so, having dropped from 35 bottles to nothingin fact, everything but whiskey seems to be out of his line. He does not propose to be lionized by anyone on this beverage. November shows a decrease of 51 pints of alcohol under that of Octobera good showing in the right direction. The brandy record is a bad onean increase of 135 bottles over October. Phelps, of Burden, is the beer lion of the county, by nearly half more than any other druggist, and also the whiskey lion of his own town. Beer is not the beverage usually called for by persons with female ailments and the most of the sales in the county were undoubtedly made to parties for nothing short of a beverage, and we have a measly idea that this fact is known by the most of the sellers. The devil should be given his dues. The most of the druggists have certainly overstepped the bounds of what is meant by the prohibition law. The wine record is 28 pints shorter than for October and ale also was not so much sought after as in October, or was not so liberally dispensed at any rate. The alimentary canals of those who use beverages seemed to require more gin during November than in October, increasing 33 pints in the past thirty days over the month preceding them. The reason for this we hardly understand and will not attempt to explain. Taylor, of Floral, is a new victim, and he is certainly trying to do an honest business or has not been long in the field. Below we give the official record for November, as taken from the Probate filings.

Note: Skipped the detailed record, as it next to impossible to work it up.

Recap: Winfield had the following druggists: Williams, Glass, Harter, and Brown.

Arkansas City had the following druggists: Steinberger, Fairclo, Mowry & Co., Eddy, Kellogg & Co., and Brown, Balyeat & Co.

Other towns: Avery at Grand Summit; Woolsey at Burden; Roberts at Udall; Martin at Udall; Rule at Cambridge; Phelps at Dexter; Phelps at Burden; Hooker at Burden; and Taylor at Floral.

The statements show 15 bottles of bitters, and 7 of stout sold in the county during the month.

It will be seen by this table that Winfield's record is remarkably good in everything but whiskeya large decrease from October in alcohol, brandy, wine, ale, and gin, and no beer this month to mar the record. It will also be seen by this table that Arkansas City holds her own with former monthsMethodist measure and running over. Other towns combined, come down with equally as good, if not better, measure than Arkansas City. The record for bitters shows an increase of 11 bottles over October and a decrease of 2 bottles of stout.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Wanted. 20,000 live turkeys to be delivered between the 12th and 18th of this month.

J. P. Baden.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Recap. G. H. McIntire, Sheriff, to sell property Monday, January 11, 1886, to settle case of Carhart & Williams, Plaintiffs, vs. T. C. Sands, Defendant.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Recap. Jennings & Troup, Attorneys for Plaintiff, Amos Dressel, Elizabeth Bryant, and John Bryant, Plaintiffs, versus Charles Dressel, Lewis Dressel, and August Dressel, and A. A. Jackson, as guardian for Lewis Dressel and August Dressel, minors, Defendants. Petition to be answered by January 22, 1886, relative to one-fifth interest in property. Property must be sold and divided, one fifth each, to Defendants having an interest in property.


FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The wind was in a bad tirade Friday. Real estate sailed around the heavens interviewing the angels, while part of it was playing thunder down here on earth. Out-houses were scattered all over town. The S. K. train was latecouldn't make speed against the wind. The wires wee blown down in several places. At the depot, while waiting for the train, Stafford's "Old Queen" gray and buss was picked up by a gust and carried down Millington street about half a mile. Stafford started after her and ascended an air balloon. In some mysterious way, both were recovered. At the courthouse the weight of brains, influence, and general ability was too slim to hold things down, and the old house shook like an autumn leaf. The air had a spite of Judge Gans and blew the chimney off his office and through the roof on top of the vault. It broke three heavy joists, making an awful hole. Nobody was killed. Arthur Bangs lost his fine bus cap this morning two miles this side of Burden. A gale turned it out to grass. "Bill," at Ferguson's stable, had his hat lifted while at the depot this morning. He found it on Ninth avenue, a mile away. Judge Bard and Walter Seaver can't be found, and it is rumored that they rode off this morning on the bosom of a miniature cyclone. One of Hank Paris' bus sorrels was blown up on the platform at the depot this morning, with his hind feet under. His last end was too fast and came near standing him on his head. Seven men lifted him out. The roof of Warner & McIntyre's planing mill on North Main was ripped to pieces. The building is owned by Mr. Jordan. The lower part is used by Warner & McIntyre, the upper story by Mr. Jordan for sleeping rooms.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Every town has its contemptible yapsblockheads who never appreciate anything and are always opening the cavity in their heads to mar the enjoyment of others. Once in a while they worm themselves into the Opera House. They go to witness Shakespeare's high tragedy, expecting to see a nigger show or a can-can. Some of these boors were out to hear Sheridan, and in the midst of his finest actingacting as good as any stage ever afforded, they bellowed out like Balsam's sauciest muleexhibiting just about as much refinement. The same thing occurred Saturday night, in the death-like stillness of Lady Macbeth's sleep- walking. They should at least give somebody else a chance, if their gigantic brains can't see anything to appreciate. The Opera House manager should use his patent bouncer, with all its horns protruding, and set these yaps out in the cool, bracing air.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The following circular has been received by Dr. Emerson, county health officer, from the state board of health, which is of interest to physicians and clergymen. "As County Health Officer, through this circular, or your county papers, or both, you will please notify every physician and midwife in your county that they are required by the State Board of Health Law to return all certificates of births, still-births, and deaths to the County Health Officer, instead of the County Clerk; and notify every minister, judge and justice of the peace in your county that the law requires them to return all marriage certificates to the County Health Officer, instead of the County Clerk. All of said certificates must be returned as above directed from and after the date this notice is received.

J. W. Redden, M. D., Secretary State Board of Health.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Nearly all printers and compositors sweareditors rarely. The profanity of the former is no doubt caused by the many trials and vexations to which all who handle type are subjected. The devil in the COURIER office is no exception; on the contrary, he makes things fairly blue around this office occasionally. In order to break him of the habit, a fine of five cents has been of late imposed upon him, which, by the way, has left him in debt. Prompted by an ad he chanced to see in one of our exchanges, he lately sent fifty cents to a New York firm to learn "how to keep from swearing." The reply came back: "Don't open your mouth." He has swore ever since.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Someone fired a No. 28 revolver ball through a window in the sitting room of J. S. Rothrock's house, in the Third Ward, last evening. It is not supposed murder was intended, but some "smart Aleck" or crank probably did it for pure cussedness. But such is not only destructive of property but dangerous to live, and whoever the scoundrel is, ought to be sent to the pen until he learns something.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

It is undoubtedly a misfortune to be a genuine crank, but to be a combination of a crank and an imbecile, and at the same time laboring under the idiotic delusion that you are a revised edition of Daniel Webster or Henry Clay Dean, when your actions show that you more closely resemble a cross between a money-wrench and a knot hole, is certainly deplorable. We have sympathy in carload lots for such individuals.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Whenever a high wind occurs in Kansas, newcomers are wont to prate about Kansas winds, but the accounts of our late blizzard contained in our dispatches from other states, where the snow came down in torrents, as it were, and drifted so as to obstruct travel, and play hob generally, knocks the wind out of those who are disposed to expatiate on Kansas winds.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The telephone line from Wichita to Winfield, via Mulvane, Belle Plaine, Wellington, and Oxford has reached us and will be ready for gab this evening. The circuit will be a big convenience to Winfield, nearly completing our connection with surrounding towns of importance. We hope to see it extended to Burden and Douglas soon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Our people are busy recovering from the little whirl of Thursday. Very fortunate was the domicile that retained its chimney. Very fortunate the long eared mule, or "too cute for anything," little Jersey or driving nag, who didn't get its barn lifted. It will take a week to replace all the chimneys. The brick masons are all on piece work.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The Millennium is coming: don't you hear it? The report is circulated that the saloons of Dodge City, that cowboy's Paradise, have been closed. The devil will be an angel next. If this has really been accomplished, it is a gigantic victoryone that only fair Kansas can win. She ought to be proud of it, and is, if the report is true.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Farmers, when you want blacksmithing done, don't forget that Mater, the pioneer blacksmith, is again in the business with Baxter Norton. Also a wood shop in connection. Give us a call, corner 12th avenue and Main. Mater & Norton.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The wind got in its work Friday on the Vernon Cemetery Church, near the Vernon Center schoolhouse. It was just enclosedthe floor was not in yet. It tore it to pieces so that the work will all have to be done over. The damage is estimated at four hundred dollars.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The Winfield DAILY COURIER comes to us Saturday enlarged to an eight column folio: another laurel added to its rapid growth. With its new gas power and other improvements, it now stands among the leading dailies of Southern Kansas. Dexter Eye.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The Western Union is putting its telegraph line on the K. C. & S. W. The mail, owing to the "red tape" business at Washington, has not got on yet. The order is expected soon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The Ashland Herald says the wife of R. B. Pratt, well known as a Cowley pioneer, is lying at the point of death with paralysis at their home four miles east of Ashland.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The roof of the boiler room of Bliss & Wood's mill was torn to pieces Wednesday by the gentle breezes. This roof has been on but a short time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The tax collector is now beginning to meet his first siege. The first penalty of five per cent attaches the 21st. If you want to avoid it, whack up.


Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

C. S. Lycan, an old friend of Dr. S. B. Park, is here from Marshall, Illinois, for a visit.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Miss Fannie Saunders, of New Salem, is a saleslady at Goldsmith's till after the holidays.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Levi Quier, of Burden, called Thursday, on his return from the slaughter of deer and turkeys in the Territory.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

A wedding certificate was issued Friday to Joseph N. Nichols and Jennie Thornton. They reside at Grand Summit.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Frank E. Lockwood is over from Medicine Lodge. His father-in-law, living opposite M. L. Robinson's, is very sick.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Capt. Huffman sold J. D. Guthrie a fine Jersey cow, which was delivered today, price paid, one hundred and fifty dollars.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

G. C. Reed, editor of the Mulvane Record, dropped into our sanctum Saturday. Mr. Reed is a live newspaper man and gets out a spicy sheet.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

John H. Rorick and Etta Dillow, of Maple City, were married Saturday at the residence of John Bobbitt, in Winfield Judge Gans tied the knot.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Elizabeth Schurman has filed a petition in the District Court for a divorce from Ferdinand Schurman, on the ground of inebriety and cruelty. Will T. Madden is her attorney.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

C. C. Harris came in Friday, and is at the Central. C. C., now a festive liquid drummer, can't keep away from home very long at a time. He run in occasionally to the folks.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

All the girls were mashed on the little creole contralto of the Stewart Concert Company, and it may be said also, by way of side remark, that a number of the boys were in the same fix.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Mr. D. H. Rush was over from Cedarvale Saturday assisting to move Mr. L. Blackman's family over to Winfield. He drove facing the severe wind of Friday and did not like these Alaska zephyrs.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Capt. J. B. Nipp, treasurer of Cowley County, came in Thursday evening on the coach from Dodge. He is here on a visit to his son-in-law, King-Berry, and will remain with us a week or ten days. Ashland Herald.

[Am puzzled: King-Berry? Or should it be King Berry?]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

E. F. Osborn's barn, near Mulvane, burned at 1 o'clock a.m., Saturday, with two horses, some hogs, 800 bushels of corn, all his farm machinery, 15 tons of hay, wheat, oats, etc. Fully insured. Cause of fire unknown.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Sam L. Gilbert was down from Wichita Monday, as smiling and rustling as ever. He is getting pretty thoroughly citizenized in the Windy Wonder, but yet has a mighty warm side for the Queen of the west, Winfield.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The funeral of Mr. A. Hagerman, stepfather of Frank and George Lockwood, took place Monday at 10:30 from the residence, South Menor Street. Rev. B. Kelly conducted, and the remains were laid to rest in Union cemetery.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Hon. Alonzo Stevens, wife and little daughter, are here from Chicago, the guests of James N. Young. Mr. Stevens is president of the K. C. & S. W., and is here to look over the road and its prospects, which he finds very flattering.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

J. Cairns was in town Monday. John is now loose and will probably locate in Clearwater, Sedgwick County. He says the report that James A. and Rosa Rounds were married out in Wyoming Territory is a canard. Jim is single and prospering.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

T. B. Kier, uncle of Mrs. P. P. Powell, of southeast Winfield, got his foot caught in a switch at Parsons the other day, mashing it to a jelly, and necessitating its amputation at the ankle. He has been railroading for twelve years, the last three on the Ft. Scott and Gulf.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Harris & Clark are now located in their bright, new office in the Winfield National Bank extension. It is large and well lighted and well furnished. They ought to be able to talk a land seeker blind in two minutes in such an office.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

John Mitchell, about twenty years old, got the third finger of his right hand run through a derrick cogwheel at Yount's quarry yesterday. Dr. Wells amputated it this morning. The little finger was also mashed badly. It will lay him off for a month or two.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Mr. S. A. Cook is in receipt of a letter from J. B. Mabury, of Chillicothe, Ohio, and old friend who visited here a few weeks ago, stating that he finds the charm in Winfield and will invest and locate here. He took in the whole west, but this city beat everything.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Capt. Myers has received the lumber for the Opera House new floor and will put it down at once. The members of the Pleasant Hour Club can pick the splinters out of their feet and prepare for tripping the light fantastic on a beautiful, smooth floor.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Tom Richardson, of the Wellington Press, wrote: "Dainty sacks in which their money and valuables are carried are displayed by our ladies." The printer got it, "dirty socks," and the women of the town called an indignation meeting and passed a string of resolutions that made Tom's hair stand on end.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Archie Olmstead, a lad of eighteen, is one of the best pianists in the city. He furnished the music for the "G. O." Club Thursday evening, his excellent time being highly commended. His playing always elicits the most favorable remark. As a piano instructor, he is a remarkable artist, and has a good class.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Mr. Wm. Montgomery, of this city, while at work on a building at Wilmot last Friday, met with quite an accident. The scaffold broke and he fell to the ground, a distance of twelve feet. There were three men on the scaffold, all badly hurt. Mr. Montgomery was brought home, and is not able to walk, one foot and ankle being badly mashed. He will not walk for a month.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Dr. Curfman, who has been with us a short time, left Saturday for Burlingame, Osage County, Kansas, to take charge of a lucrative practice of a friend of his, who is going off on a visit of a few months. In the spring Dr. Curfman will become assistant superintendent of an insane asylum at Jamestown, Dakota. We are sorry to lose the Dr., as he has made many friends in his short sojourn here and has proven himself to be a physician of ability.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

D. E. Corbie, of Union township, in Butler County, was in town Monday and reports the prairie fire which swept over southeast Butler and northeast Cowley, last Friday, did a very considerable amount of damage. A Mr. Tussing lost his stable, corn, hay, and about everything he had combustible except his house and team; Nelson and many others lost feed, hay, corn, and other property. It was a windy day and the fire swept all in its way.

[Paper really goofed on the next item. His name was "William McCuish."]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

One McConn, a stone mason of Arkansas City, was brought to that place this morning from the Territory, dead. He was on a hunting tour. Seven miles this side of Ponca, yesterday, he went to take his shotgun from the wagon. He caught it by the muzzle. The trigger caught on the wagon bed and the gun discharged. The load of turkey shot went clear through McConn's body. He died instantly. We are told that he has a brother, also a stone mason, working in Winfield. McConn was a newcomer at A. C.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. James F. Martin and Jacob Nixon returned Saturday from the annual meeting of the State Horticultural Society, at Manhattan. The meeting was large and of great interest and profit. The location was a good one, giving an opportunity to see the workings of the State Agricultural College. Mr. Martin delivered a very fine address on Forestry, which THE COURIER will shortly publish. Mr. Nixon exhibited some very fine specimens of Cowley fruits and vegetables.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Jerry McGee, the porter who tried to set the Leland Hotel at Arkansas City on fire, had his preliminary Friday and Saturday and was bound over with bond at $2,500. He gave bond, with the Occidental proprietor, Judge Sumner, Love and others as sureties. McGee pleads not guilty. The evidence showed the deed to be the result of spite. He had been an employee of the Leland, but had changed to the Occidental, swearing he'd have all the Leland's patronage in two weeks. He saturated the floor with oil and just as the fire was started, a chambermaid going to a closet after bed clothing, discovered it, collared McGee, and gave the alarm. Things appear to be rather blue for McGee.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Dick Howard, the smiling young editor of the Arkansas City Republican, illuminated our sanctum today. Dick felt very uncomfortable in the Queen City. He is accustomed to plenty of rooma rural street aspect. Here he was constantly bumped and knocked around by the surging crowds. He didn't stay long. Dazed with wonder at the gigantic boom and general life of Cowley's metropolis, he returned to his village home at 11:51. Dick, we will parenthetically remark, is one of the brightest young journalists in the State and is making a big success of his paper. As a boomer of Arkansas City's interests, he is immense. Come often, Richard. We are always glad to view your happy phiz. You must come frequently to be able to recognize our cityit's getting bigger and bigger, and a common villager is very liable to get lost.


The Grist in Waiting for the December, 1885, Term of the District Court,

Beginning Tuesday, the 15th.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.


State of Kansas vs W I Burge, H E Asp, County Attorney.

State vs Newton Knowles.

State vs Newton Knowles.

State vs Newton Knowles.

State vs John Clark.

State vs John Clark.

State vs William Brumine.

State vs William Brumine.

State vs James Baxter.

State vs Jerry Doe real name unknown.

State vs E Kimmel, M G Troup for State.

State vs R R H McGinnis.

State vs Alice Jeffries.

State vs John Kennedy and T Q Milligan.

State vs John Otto.

State vs Edward Ellendow.

State vs Abner Carson.

State vs W T Edwards.

State vs Simeon Baughn.

State vs Henry Mowry.

State vs Reuben Hutchinson and Francis Hutchinson.

State vs C D Indian called Geo McCum.

State vs Peter Harpole.

State vs Peter Harpole.

State vs Frank W Graham.

State vs William Johnson.


Henry Hansen vs Joseph Davis, Jennings & Troup for prosecution; Hackney & Asp for defense.

Elizabeth McQuain vs Nancy A Baldwin et al, Hackney & Asp pros; Jos O'Hare defense.

Houghton & McLaughlin vs John Brown, A J Pyburn pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Francis J Sessions vs J P Strickland, Hackney & Asp pros; Jennings & Troup defense.

J C Fuller et al vs L B Stone et al, J F McMullen and McDermott & Johnson pros; Jos O'Hare and Hackney & Asp defense.

Dwight Ripley vs D A Millington, Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Winfield Bank vs William A Hybarger et al, J F McMullen pros; D C Beach, McDermott & Johnson and Hackney & Asp defense.

William M Null vs Nell Willsie et al, Hackney & Asp pros; McDonald & Webb defense.

Southern Kansas R R Ro vs L B Stone Co. Treasurer, Hackney pros.

Assignment of Conway Bros, Jos Oldham assignee.

James Jordan vs Winfield Twp et al, Jennings & Troup pros; Jos O'Hare and Hackney & Asp defense.

Bliss & Wood vs C C Harris, McDonald & Webb pros; David C Beach defense.

J A Field & Co vs Brotherton & Silver, David C Beach pros; Jennings & Troup defense.

C E Foss & Co vs Phillip Sipe, D C Beach pros; Jennings & Troup defense.

School District No. 13 vs School District No. 133, Jennings & Troup pros; McDonald & Webb defense.

Bartlett & Co vs A T & S F R R Co., Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Wichita & South Western R R Co vs L B Stone Co Treasurer et al, Hackney pros; Jennings & Troup defense.

Schuster, Tootle & Co vs G B Sigler, McDonald & Webb pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Smith, Frazee & Co vs G B Sigler, McDonald & Webb pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Stout & Wingert vs S S Baker sheriff et al, McDonald & Webb pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Stout & Wingert vs S S Baker sheriff et al, McDonald & Webb pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Nannie C Fuller vs Board County Com et al, J F McMullen pros; Jennings & Troup, Jos O'Hare and Hackney & Asp defense.

O M Stewart vs David A Merydith, McDonald & Webb pros; McDermott & Johnson defense.

Burton L Weger vs The City of Winfield, Hackney & Asp pros; Jos O'Hare defense.


James Jordan vs Elisha Wade, Jennings & Troup pros.

F W Schwantes vs C A Bliss et al, S D Pryor pros; W A Tipton and Jennings & Troup defense.

M Ingram et al vs P Fouts et al, McDonald & Webb pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

M L Read vs J E Parking, McDonald & Webb pros; Jennings & Troup defense.

Appeal of R B Waite, S D Pryor pros; McDonald & Webb defense.

Appeal of R B Waite, S D Pryor pros; McDonald & Webb defense.

Appeal of Henry S Ireton, S D Pryor pros; McDonald & Webb defense.

Appeal of Henry S Ireton, S D Pryor pros; McDonald & Webb defense.

James K Shapper vs David Hahn, Hackney & Asp pros; J F McMullen defense.

Appeal of F W Schwantes, S D Pryor pros; McDonald & Webb defense.

Marshal Lambert vs Hiram Blenden, Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

H S Bixby vs William Cohagan, Dalton & Madden pros; D C Beach defense.

Lewis Conover vs Pink Fouts, McDonald & Webb pros; Mitchell & Swarts defense.

John S Mann vs Tannebaum, David & Co., McDonald & Webb pros; J D Houston defense.

B H Clover et al vs Charles H Elliott, Hackney & Asp pros; J F McMullen defense.

Jeremiah Weakly vs Burton D Guinn et al, Jennings & Troup pros; McDermott & Johnson defense.

Francis M Mullett vs Burton D Guinn et al, Jennings & Troup pros; McDermott & Johnson defense.


Wesley Mallett vs Burton D Guinn et al, Jennings & Troup pros; McDermott & Johnson defense.

E S Brown Receiver vs W J Pointer et al, A J Pyburn pros; H T Sumner defense.

Isaiah L Newman vs William H Speers et al, Mitchell & Swarts and Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

C M Scott vs H P Farrar et al, Mitchell & Swarts pros; A J Pyburn defense.

William Wilt et al vs The Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Co., Leavitt and McDermott & Johnson pros; McDonald & Webb defense.

B W Matlack vs Geo W Gray, J F McMullen pros.

B W Matlack vs John N L Gibson, J F McMullen pros.

B W Matlack vs Alice M Weeks, J F McMullen pros.

B W Matlack vs Frank J Hess, J F McMullen pros.

B W Matlack vs Richard U Hess, J F McMullen pros; Jennings & Troup defense.

B W Matlack vs William Vansickler, J F McMullen pros; A J Pyburn defense.

Ben Bartlow vs D P Hurst et al, Dalton & Madden pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

E S Brown Receiver vs W J Pointer et al, A J Pyburn pros.

Andrews & Losure vs Richard Gates, Dalton & Madden pros; Jennings & Troup defense.

A H Doane & Co vs Board Co. Commissioners, Jos O'Hare pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Sarah Cardiff vs Michael Cardiff, Hackney & Asp pros.

Edward I Barnes vs M L Robinson, C M Leavitt pros; Jennings & Troup defense.

City of Arkansas City vs D F Best.


Abel O'Harra vs Jennie O'Harra, O C R Randall pros.

Martha A Iliff vs Lemuel Iliff, Hackney & Asp pros.

John Buckles vs John Bevens, Jos O'Hare pros; J F McMullen defense.

Winfield Gas Co vs the City of Winfield, J F McMullen pros; Jos O'Hare defense.

Amasa K Jones vs Geo Heffron, Hackney and Asp pros; J F McMullen defense.

H M Beacham vs Geo E Hasie et al, Hackney & Asp pros; A J Pyburn defense.

Winfield Bank vs J B Nipp Co. Treasurer et al, McDonald & Webb pros; Hackney & Asp and McDermott & Johnson defense.

The Wichita & Southwestern Railroad Co vs G H McIntire as sheriff et al, Hurd & Dunlap and W P Hackney for pros; Henry E Asp, Jennings & Troup and C L Swarts defense.

R R Conklin vs John M Jarvis et al, A J Pyburn pros.

New Hampshire Banking Co vs James Loper et al, A J Pyburn pros.

S B Briggs vs Camilla Bigler et al, Kellogg & Sedgwick pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

William H Hilliard vs Samuel D Pack et al, A J Pyburn pros; Jennings & Troup defense.

J W. Hinton vs The Wichita & Southwestern R R Co., H G Ruggles pros; Huston & Bentley and W P Hackney defense.

Justin Hollister vs Board of Co. Commissioners, McDermott & Johnson pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

James Burrington vs Board of Co. Commissioners, McDermott & Johnson pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Geo W Cunningham vs M C Shivers, A J Pyburn pros; Wm M Jenkins defense.

Marie F Pearson vs John S Bryant et al, David C Beach pros.

Francis I Wharton vs James Fahey et al, Dalton & Madden pros; McDonald & Webb defense.


David C Beach vs Sarah C Murphy et al, D C Beach pros; Dalton & Madden defense.

J N Harter vs Board of Co. Commissioners, Jos O'Hare pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Frankie Morris vs The Equitable Life Assurance Society of the U S, A A Hurd and Hackney & Asp for pros; Geo J Barker and J W Green defense.

Frankie Morris vs The Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York, A A Hurd and Hackney & Asp for pros; Geo J Barker and J W Green defense.

A W Patterson vs J A McIntire et al, A J Pyburn pros.

The City of Winfield vs P M Sayman, Jos O'Hare pros; McDermott & Johnson defense.

D D Bronson et al vs W A Lee, no attorneys.

Eli Brock vs John Lane, no attorneys.

I Weil & Co vs Wert Bros, Hackney & Asp pros.

N M Pering et al vs Oscar Henderson et al, Samuel Day and Hackney & Asp pros; McDermott & Johnson defense.

A H Green vs D F Best et al, no attorneys.

R R Conklin vs William H Funk et al, A J Pyburn pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Peter McCuish vs Seaborn Moore et al, Hackney & Asp for pros; McDonald & Webb defense.

James Davidson, adm. Of estate of Thos McCampbell et al vs John Deffenbaugh et al, Hackney & Asp pros.

S M Jarvis vs Alonzo Johnson, A J Pyburn pros; David C Beach, Jno A Eaton defense.

Lawrence Dawson vs The Kansas Life Association, Hackney & Asp pros, Jennings & Troup defense.

Edward Grady vs E C Mason et al, Wm Jenkins pros; A J Pyburn defense.

J H Kendall et al vs Lafayette Wise et al, Dalton & Madden pros; McDermott & Johnson defense.


Assignment of Shriver & Co, P W Smith, Assignee.

The City of Winfield vs J C McMullen, Jos O'Hare pros.

The City of Winfield vs W A Lee, Jos O'Hare pros.

Adelia A Kibbie vs Lyman S Kibbie, Hackney & Asp pros; Jennings & Troup defense.

Morrison Implement Co vs Hiram Brotherton et al, David C Beach pros; Jennings & Troup defense.

Nicholson Belveal vs The Kansas Protection Union, Hackney & Asp pros; Sheble & Vandever defense.

J E Hayner & Co vs G M Gardner, Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Della Derusha vs The City of Winfield, Dalton & Madden pros; Jos O'Hare defense.

Henry Goldsmith vs Jerome E Beck et al, A J Pyburn pros; H T Sumner defense.

James S Sterrett vs Joseph W Calvin et al, G H Buckman pros; J F McMullen defense.

Geo Hefner vs W A Lee, Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Louisa Galbreth vs William H Galbreth, Hackney & Asp pros.

Alexander Hoel vs John A Cochran, Hackney & Asp pros; McDonald & Webb defense.

Chas W Frith vs Alfred P Cochran, Hackney & Asp pros; McDonald & Webb defense.

Chas W Frith vs Geo C Taylor, Hackney & Asp pros; McDonald & Webb defense.

Ella Marley vs Alvis Marley, David C Beach pros.

J W Ross vs A B Glass et al, Day & Dalton pros; McDonald defense.

James A Crane vs Lizzie Crane, Hackney & Asp pros; Jennings & Troup defense.

Ellen Riley vs Theodore Fairclo et al, McDermott & Johnson pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

John E Doyle vs Annie E Maidt et al, H T Sumner pros.

118, 1296. Levi Weimer vs Board of Co. Commissioners. McDermott & Johnson pros; Hackney and Asp defense.

119, 2187. William Blizard vs Frank L Thompson, H T Sumner defense.

120, 2191. Jamison Vawter vs Board of Co. Commissioners. Hackney & Asp defense.


121, 2192. G H Buckman vs Board of Co. Commissioners. G H Buckman pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

122, 1473. Wheeler & Wilson Manufacturing Co. vs Peter Thompson et al, S D Pryor pros; McDermott & Johnson defense.

123, 2195. Plum Creek Stock Co. vs Joseph Tetrich et al, McDermott & Johnson pros.

123, 2196. Warren Cottingham vs K C & S W R R Co., Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

125, 2198. Nancy A Cottingham vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

126, 2199. James Hollingsworth vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

127, 2201. Arkansas City vs Frank J Hess.

128, 2203. Arkansas City vs David J Lewis.

129, 2205. Daniel Maher vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

130, 2206. Jacob Smith vs Susan F Godfrey et al. A. J Pyburn pros.

131, 2207. Elmira Only vs Joseph Only, Hackney & Asp pros.

132, 2208. James F Mays vs Richard Constanzer et al, Hackney & Asp pros.

133, 2209. J W Cottingham vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

134, 2210. M C Hedrick vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

232, 2212. W J Orr vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

137, 2213. Volney Baird vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

138, 2515. Philip D Pierson et al vs Martin Heller, Dale & Dale pros; Harris & Harris and Firebaugh defense.

Fred J Patterson vs The Southern Kansas Railway Co. J F McMullen pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

City of Winfield vs H T Bayliss, Joseph O'Hare pros.

Maria A Andrews vs Kansas City & Southwestern R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp and Dalton defense.

Hattie M Williams vs Miles S Williams, Samuel Dalton pros; Stanley & Wall defense.

W G Graham vs Kansas City and Southwestern R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

G W Yount vs Kansas City & Southwestern R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

W W Limbocker vs Kansas City & South Western R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

W W Limbocker vs Kansas City & Southwestern R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

David C Beach vs Kansas City & Southwestern R R Co. David C Beach pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

L C Clark vs Kansas City & Southwestern R R Co. W. T. Madden pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Harriet M Saunders vs Martin L Hollingsworth & M S Hollingsworth, J F McMullen pros.

Adam Walk vs School District No. 91 in Cowley County, Kansas, George Tice, Director, E J Cole, Clerk and H I Daniels, Treasurer, said district. Hackney & Asp pros; Jennings & Troup defense.

City of Arkansas City vs C S Archer.

John W Curns & G S Manser, partners by the firm name and style of Curns & Manser vs Harvey W Stubblefield et al, Jennings & Troup pros.

C R McClung vs Southern Kansas R R Co. Dalton & Madden pros; W P Hackney defense.

W A Lee vs A W McMillen, J F McMullen pros; Wm Jenkins defense.

Homer G Fuller et al vs C W Jones et al, F F Leland pros; Dalton & Day defense.

Anna Mabee vs Ezra Mabee, Hackney & Asp, pros.

James H Land vs Monroe Marsh, Jennings & Troup pros.

Thomas McLean vs C W Jones et al, Hackney & Asp pros; Dalton & Day defense.

M L Pearson vs Robert Hudson, W T Madden pros; Jennings & Troup defense.

Assignment of J E Coulter, Wm B Norman, assignee. Hackney & Asp attorneys.

H P Farrar vs V M Ayres et al, A J Pyburn pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

The Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Alexander Fuller vs V M Ayres, C L Swarts pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

M L Read vs Ira Freeman et al, Jennings & Troup pros.

T M James vs W L Hutton, Samuel J. Day.

James C Bolon vs Selora A White, D C Beach pros.


R B Waite vs K C & S W R R Co. S D Pryor pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

R B Waite vs K C & S W R R Co. S D Pryor pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

A B French vs K C & S W R R Co. McDonald & Webb pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

J B Lynn vs K C & S W R R Co. McDonald & Webb pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

John Lowry vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings and Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Addie W Sykes vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Winfield Water Co vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

Riverside Park Association vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

W W Curtis vs William H Speers et al, Jennings & Troup pros.

The First National Bank of Brooklyn, Ia vs John Kirker, Hackney & Asp pros.

The First National Bank of Brooklyn, Ia vs John Kirker, Hackney & Asp pros.

The First National Bank of Brooklyn, Is vs John Kirker, Hackney & Asp pros.

The Wilcox and White Organ Co vs James L Huey, A J Pyburn pros; Henry T Sumner defense.

Sarah C Murphy vs Geo E Murphy, David C Beach pros.

Samuel S Linn vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings and Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

W H H Teter vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp, defense.

185, 2271. A G Robinson vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

187, 2272. A G Robinson vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.


187, 2273. A G Robinson vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

188, 2275. M D Rowe et al vs Eli J Sherlock, Hackney & Asp pros.

189, 2276. Lucius Walton vs K C & S W R R Co. McDonald & Webb pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

190, 2277. Lucius Walton vs K C & S W R R Co. McDonald & Webb pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

191, 2278. Estate of Hilary Holtby vs K C & S W R R Co. Jennings & Troup pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

192, 2279. Z T Whitson vs K C & S W R R Co. Hackney & Asp defense.

193, 2280. Van V Klinefelter et al vs V M Ayres, David C Beach pros.

194, 2282. R S Patterson vs John Fleming, David C Beach pros.

195, 2283. Alice A Patterson vs John W Patterson, McDonald & Webb pros; Jennings & Troup defense.

196, 2285. City of Winfield vs W S Reed, Jos O'Hare pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

197, 2286. City of Winfield vs W S Reed, Jos O'Hare pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

198, 2287. Jerusha Tousley vs William Tousley, Hackney & Asp and H T Sumner pros; Jos O'Hare defense.

199, 2288. A V Alexander and Co vs E C Mason et al, C L Swarts pros.

200, 2289. Harlow N Higginbotham vs V M Ayres, McDonald and Webb pros.

201, 2290. B F Kirker vs G H McIntire as Sheriff, Jennings and Troup pros.

202, 2291. Julia F Randall vs Charles E Randall, Hackney & Asp pros.

203, 2292. George H Stalter vs Francis M Mundy et al, Jennings and Troup pros.

204, 2393. J W Snodgrass and Co vs Geo E Gray.

205, 2294. Samuel M Bastin vs Elizabeth Bastin, McDonald and Webb pros.

206, 2295. Annie E Firebaugh vs Isaac A Firebaugh, F F Leland pros.

207, 2298. Harriet R Loomis vs K C & S W R R Co. J F McMullen pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

208, 2303. The City of Udall vs E B Bradley, W G Webster defense.

209, 2306. A A Newman et al vs K C & S W R R Co. A J Pyburn pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

210, 2307. Frank J Hess vs K C & S W R R Co. A S Pyburn pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

211, 2308. Mark Morris vs K C & S W R R Co. A J Pyburn pros; Hackney & Asp defense.

212, 2309. W P Overton vs E J Sherlock.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Big Bargains in books for young and old, at Goldsmith's.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

We are now offering a fair cotton flannel at five cents a yard. M. Hahn & Co.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Stafford & Hite have the cheapest money on three or five years time of any Money loaners in the city. The proof is call and see.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Persons attending Court will find cheap but neat and substantial accommodations at the "Old Home" Restaurant, corner Ninth and Millington streets. Try the "Old Home."

Havercamp & Augerman, Proprietors.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Select your holiday presents in time and you will avoid the rush, at Goldsmith's.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

A lot of very handsome slipper patterns, your choice for 25 cents. M. Hahn & Co.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Fresh Pick. Geese, duck, turkey and chicken feathers, in quantity to suit the purchasers.

J. P. Baden.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Zephyr five cents and Germantown wool eight cents a skein. M. Hahn & Co.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

If you consider your own interest, you will buy your holiday goods at Goldsmith's.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Farmers Take Notice. Having put in new machinery, we will grind your corn, oats, and wheat or exchange at any time. Good meal and feed on hand. Moore Bro.'s & Co.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Dolls at Goldsmith's, for every child in Cowley County.

$50 Reward.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

I will pay $50 reward for any information leading to the recovery of my spotted setter dog, Sport, and conviction of thief. Spot is nine months old, mostly white, with three large liver colored sots along back, liver colored ears, blue eyes, and long hair. Stolen Thursday, Nov. 19th, 1885. John R. Handy, Winfield, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Found. The end of a bedstead, in Vernon township, marked G. F. Fowler. Owner can save the same by calling at this office and paying for notice.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

For Sale. A No. 1 160 acre farm 3½ miles northeast of Winfield. Well improved, good house, barn, and orchard and one half of crop goes with farm. Price $8,500, ½ by Jan. 1st, 1886, balance in one year. See H. P. Fuller adjoining premises on east, or address C. A. Roberts, Santa Rosa, California.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

For Sale. A farm of 320 acres; 80 acres broke, 25 in wheat; 150 fenced; living water, hog, and cattle corrals; young orchard and shade trees; house 20 x 28, basement, kitchen, cellar, and cistern; would make a fine stock farm; situated ½ mile west of Geuda Springs, Kansas. Price $6,000. Address N. C. Kenyon, Geuda Springs, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Recap Sheriff's Sale by G. H. McIntire. Property to be sold December 28, 1885, to settle case of Mary A. Buck, plaintiff vs Whitfield D. Mathews, Mary A. Mathews, Barth Carty, and James Bullen, defendants.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Recap. Wm. B. Norman, Assignee of J. B. Coulter, assignor, Hackney & Asp, attorneys for assignee. Creditors to appear in District Court April 12, 1886, to make their claims.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Recap. T. S. Covert, Administrator, estate of M. T. Covert, deceased, Attorneys Jennings & Troup, to make final settlement of estate January 9, 1886.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Recap. Ella C Blair, Administratrix, estate of Albert T. Shenneman, deceased, to make final settlement January 4, 1886.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Recap. Robert P. Vermilye, Administrator with will annexed, Jennings & Troup, attorneys, Notice to creditors re estate of Joseph F. Vermilye, deceased, of final settlement of said estate January 9, 1886, at Winfield Court House. Property to be distributed according to provisions of will.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Recap. G. H. McIntire, Sheriff, to sell property Monday, December 14, 1885, to settle case of The Traveler's Insurance Co., Plaintiff, vs. Mathew S. Hooker, Elizabeth A Hooker, A. D. Wear and Bertha E. Savage, Defendants.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Recap. G. H. McIntire, Sheriff, by F. W. Finch, Deputy, to sell property January 4, 1886, to settle case of Eliza Reihl, Plaintiff, vs. Joseph Likowski, Defendant.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Recap. G. H. McIntire, Sheriff, to sell property December 14, 1885, to settle case of The Traveler's Insurance Co., Plaintiff, vs. Myron F. Munson and Jennie A Munson, Defendants.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Recap. James E. Schofield, Administrator of the estate of Nathan M. Schofield, deceased, to make settlement January 5, 1886.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The ball at the Rink Wednesday night was a very happy occasion. The boys and their best girls were out in full force. They were there for a good time; for an evening of first-class fun, and they had it. The order was goodas well behaved, yet lively a crowd as you ever see. John Herndon and Messrs. Losure and Crain furnished the music. John also prompted, rested up occasionally by Berry Scroggins. The Wellington Fire Department was over. They are all fine looking fellows and in their dark caps and dark blue suits, with bright trimmings, made a splendid appearance, and got around lively on the floor. Those from Wellington were S. R. Ferree, chief of the department; R. A. Ellsworth, G. W. Mishler, R. M. Hill, T. H. Bayers, A. T. Quick, Wilt Mitchell, W. S. Phelps, Will Stice, M. S. Barker, T. T. Robinson, P. W. French, Chas. French, O. P. Arnick, Mont Gatliff, J. M. McKee, and J. R. Buck. The Wellington boys were all highly pleased with their entertainment. It was a successful ball all around, replenishing our Fire Department's incidental treasury, and affording splendid enjoyment.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Miss Lou Cregg's [?Gregg's] department of the city schools was taking a lesson in natured history Wednesday with a live mouse on the sacrificial altar, caged by an upturned goblet. The goblet upset, the mouse jumped among the crowd of sweet young misses, creating a regular pandemonium. With screams that wildly tore the air, every girl jumped upon a desk, apparently trembling with fear. Even the teacher, the boys say, took an elevated position and vociferously cried, "Catch it quick!" Open the door wide and shoo it out!" The poor little mouse was finally cornered by some brave boy; but the awful fright broke up the experiment in natural history. The mouse had routed them all.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

The First National Bank brick chimney with elongated sheet-iron attachment, blew over this Friday, striking Gen. Green's office square on its pate. A hole was made four feet square, and the brick landed on the carpeted floor. The General was sitting in his arm chair and came in a foot of passing over the river.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.


WELLINGTON, KANSAS. Percheron Stud Farm. For 15 years a breeder and importer of Percherons. RECORDED STUD-BOOK and HIGH-GRADE, acclimated animals of all ages and both sexes for sale. For reference, inquire of Jennings Brothers.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.


Any one wishing to obtain a copy of the Scriptures, who is unable to pay for it, can have the same by applying at the Depository, Brown & Son's Drug Store.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Old Home Restaurant,


Meals served on short notice and to order. Board by the week, $3.00; meals, 25 cents.

Give us a call.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.



Plumbing, Gas and Steam Heating A Specialty.

We are Agents for the Eclipse and Althouse, Wheeler & Co. Windmills.

Dealers in Pumps, Pipe and Fittings.

Estimates furnished on short notice. We guarantee our work to be first-class.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.

Ninth Ave. Blacksmith & Wagon Shop.


All kinds of blacksmithing and wood work done to order and satisfaction guaranteed. Horse-shoeing a specialty. Give us a call.

Shop on corner next to Hands & Gary's livery stable.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 10, 1885.



Drugs, Books, Stationery and Wall Paper.






Sheriff McIntire Brings in From Arizona Frank W. Graham, the A. C. Forger.

He Confesses All and Implicates a Winfield Boy.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Sheriff McIntire got in yesterday with Frank W. Graham, the wily bookkeeper who tapped A. V. Alexander & Co., Arkansas City lumber dealers, for $168 a few weeks ago. He fled to Arizona, 1,400 miles away, and was there resting in thoughts of safety. But he chanced to send a paper home, which gave a clue, and soon he was awaiting the Cowley officials in the Florence, Arizona, bastille. He is a good-looking lad of twenty-three, bright in conversation, a good performer on the piano, violin, and guitar, and an elegant penman, and had fixed up a story of denial so convincing that the Arizona officials were about to turn him loose. He made no denial when Sheriff McIntire confronted him in his cell. "Hello, Mac," said Graham. "Who sent you after me?" "A. V. Alexander," said the Sheriff. "How much does he claim I got away with? "A hundred and sixty dollars." "He is mistaken; it was a hundred and sixty-eight," frankly answered Graham, and then and there confessed the whole thing, drawing into the game in equal criminality a former printer of the Democrat, at Arkansas City, an old Winfield boy, whom every old settler knows. This printer and Graham were familiar in various ways, and were anxious to take a trip west, but neither had the money. The printer suggested tapping Alexander & Co. for enough. Graham was to get one of the "bosses" signatures, draw the check, and the printer was to get it cashed, and together they would skip. The day before the forgery, Graham was sent to the bank with several hundred dollars in checks and $68 in currency for deposit. He stuck the sixty-eight dollars in his pocket and erased and raised the bank book to cover it. The next day he asked for ten dollars and was told to draw a check. Mr. Baldwin, of the firm, is rather old and of poor sight. Catching no one but Baldwin in the office, Graham drew a check for $110 and passed the book to Baldwin for signature, holding his hand over the book in such a way as to impede sight. He says Baldwin didn't show any desire to examine the check, but signed without a question or glance. He says he had an expense fixed up for the mistake in figures, had Baldwin detected it. When it came to the pinch, the printer caveddidn't have the nerve to present the check at the bank, and so Graham did it. The money was secured, placed in the printer's hands, so that Graham, if caught, would be moneyless, and buying the printer a new suit of clothes and each a revolver, they got tickets for Castle Grande, Arizona, on the Southern Pacific railroad, and lit out, a few hours after the forgery. Reaching Castle Grande, they found their money all gone, and being at what they thought a safe distance, began to shift for work. They found an editor from Pinal, a mining town thirty miles away, whose printer was on a drunk and himself liable to be called east at anytime. He found just what he wanted in Graham and pal, and paid their fare to Pinal and set them to work, Graham as editor and the printer on the case. They started in at good wages and were flying high when the telegram for Graham's arrest spoiled his fun. McIntire had no warrant for the printer's arrest and the bulk of the evidence being against Graham, the man of type, who had left a wife at Arkansas City, was left at his case, getting $20 a week and a room furnished. He will very likely be brought in, when THE COURIER will give him the benefit he deserves. Graham has had a few serious checkers in his life already. His father is a prominent attorney at Eskridge, near Emporia, and a man of means. Frank has been raised in refinement, with every advantage. His first serious mistake was the seduction of a girl, a year ago, from which crime he skipped, and has since been drifting around, with his whereabouts unknown to his parents. The father, through press dispatches, has learned of his son's crime, has written inquiring letters, and will likely be down here to see what he can do. Among Frank's first requests was that he be given the "pen" without the knowledge of his parents. He didn't want them to know anything about it.


Further Particulars of the Horrible Affair.

Various Theories Advanced.The Inquest.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The Wellington Press has the following particulars of the hanging of Frank Noyes, at Caldwell, Tuesday morning. "The train left Caldwell a few minutes after five o'clock, Tuesday morning. Up to five o'clock parties engaged in loading hogs were passing through the gate to the beam to which Noyes was hung. The train passed within seventy-five yards of the spot when it pulled out. Noyes was taken from his home between one and half past one o'clock, and could not have been hung until after five. Where was he during the interval? What confession did the party who hung him extort from him during that time? Mrs. Noyes stated that about one o'clock Tuesday night someone knocked at the door. She went to the door and opening it, asked what was wanted. She saw the figure of a man, who said he wanted Frank. She invited him in, but he said no, for Frank to dress and come out, that he was the sheriff of Sumner County and wanted him. Noyes called out and said he would be ready in a minute. Mrs. Noyes then attempted to shut the door, but the man put his foot inside and kept it from going shut. It was very dark and she could not tell whether the man was marked or not. When Noyes had dressed and passed out of the door, she attempted to follow, but the door was shut in her face and held. She called out to Frank and asked where he was going. He said, `I am going to Wellington in a wagon, I suppose.' Mrs. Noyes did not hear a sound of any wheels nor did she go out of the house till train time. At the inquest this afternoon, she testified that she recognized one of the men as Jones, the deputy sheriff, who lives at Caldwell. Frank Noyes was a man of about 35 years of age, about six feet high, and good looking. He had resided in Caldwell for several years; had kept a saloon there, and during the past year had been running a `blind tiger' or `whiskey joint.' He had recently served out a sentence of 30 days in the county jail for a violation of the prohibitory law. He had a reputation of being a hard case, though not a desperado, and at the time of the hanging had no visible means of support. Why was Frank Noyes hung? This is the question asked by everyone who has heard of the affair. All sorts of stories are flying around and several theories are afloat. One thing seems to be settled. The deed was committed by a small party, certainly not over eight or ten in number. A story is told that he was hung by his old partners in some crime, who were afraid he was going to turn state's evidence on them. Another report obtains considerable hearing that he was implicated in the burning of Editor Blair's residence a short time ago. And still another report is to the effect that a number of persons in the community had received mysterious warnings to leave the county and that Noyes was suspected of being the author of these."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

I know farmers in this statemen abundantly able to build comfortable homes, and to surround them with all that makes life opulent and happywho seem content to exist amid the meanest and most squalid surroundings. The charm and glory of a beautiful land is all about them, but it touches no responsive chord of their hearts. Their homes are not homesthey are simply places in which to eat and sleep. Summer and winter winds blaze and beat upon them. No overhanging trees throw around them the refreshing coolness of their shade. No verdure of grass or perfume of flowers encircles them. No birds make the air around them vocal with music. There they stand, lonely and desolate, avoided by every sweet and beautiful thing in nature; and even the fresh breath of morning and gentle breeze of twilight come to them tainted and impure. Every burden and trial of human life must be multiplied and intensified by such dreary surroundings. Yet I know, and all of you probably know, farmers' homes like unto this I have described.Gov. Martin.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

We know of a young lady in Arkansas City who says she believes that the wife should get up and build the fires. As winter is fast approaching, this is the kind of a wife every young man needs. Any young man meaning business can get further particulars by inquiring at this office.A. C. Democrat.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

And now Eli Youngheim is getting homelike. He has invested $1,600 in Thompson's addition. The next thing will be the little brown front and a sweet bride. Shake, Eli. This is our surmise.

[Note: The following article was reduced in size to fit on page. I know that mistakes were made by typesetter as well as myself in $ amounts given. MAW]


President Cleveland Sends His First Message to Congress, Pursuant to Constitution.

Relations With Foreign Powers Continue Satisfactory.

Objectionable Treaties.

The Various Departments.

The President Argues the Silver Question.Deprecates Further Coinage.

President Discusses the Mormon Question, Public Lands, and Civil Service Reform.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

WASHINGTON, December 9. The first message of President Cleveland was delivered to both Houses of Congress yesterday. It is as follows.


Your assembling is clouded by a sense of public bereavement, caused by the recent sudden death of Thomas A. Hendricks, Vice President of the United States. His distinguished public services, his complete integrity and devotion in every duty, and his personal virtues will find honorable record in this country's history. Ample and repeated proofs of the confidence in which he was held by his countrymen were manifested by his election to offices of the most important trust and highest dignity, and at length, full of years and honors, he has been laid at rest amid universal sorrow and benediction.

The Constitution, which requires those chosen to legislate for the people to annually meet in the discharge of their solemn trust, also requires the President to give in Congress information of the state of the Union, and recommend to their consideration such measures he shall deem necessary and expedient. At the threshold of a compliance with these Constitutional directions, it is well for us to bear in mind that our usefulness to the people's interests will be promoted by a constant appreciation of the scope and character of our respective duties as they relate to Federal legislation. While the Executive may recommend such measures as he deems expedient, the responsibility for legislative action will devolve on Congress. Contemplation of the grave and responsible functions assigned to the Executive branches of the Government under the Constitution, will disclose the partitions of power between our respective departments and their necessary independence, and also the need for the exercise of all the power entrusted to each in that spirit of comity and cooperation which is essential to the proper fulfillment of the patriotic obligations which rest upon us as faithful servants of the people. The zealous watchfulness of our constituency, great and small, supplements their suffrages and before the tribunal they establish, every public servant should be judged.


It is gratifying to announce that the relations of the United States with all foreign powers continue to be friendly. Our position, after nearly a century of successful constitutional government, maintenance of good faith in all our engagements, the avoidance of complications with other nations, and consistent attitude toward the strong and weak alike, furnish proof of a political disposition which renders professions of good will unnecessary. There are no questions of difficulty pending with any foreign Government. The Argentine Government has revived the long dormant question of the Falkland Islands by claiming from the United States indemnity for their loss, attributed to the action of the commander of the sloop Lexington in breaking up a piratical colony on those islands in 1811, and their subsequent occupation by Great Britain. In view of the ample justification of the act of the Lexington and the derelict condition of the islands before and after their alleged occupation by Argentine Colonists, this Government considers the claim as wholly groundless.


A question has risen with the Government of Austria-Hungary touching the representation of the United States at Vienna. Having under my constitutional prerogative appointed as estimable citizen of unimpeached probity and competency as minister at that court, the Government of Austria-Hungary invited this Government's cognizance of a certain exception based upon allegations against the personal acceptability of Mr. Keiley, the appointed envoy, saying that in view thereof the appointment should be withdrawn.

The reasons advanced were such as could not be acquiesced in without violation of my oath of office and the precepts of the Constitution, since they necessarily involve a limitation in favor of a foreign government upon the right of selection by the Executive and required such an application of a religious test as a qualification for office under the United States as would have resulted in the practical disfranchisement of a large class of our citizens and the abandonment of a vital principle in our Government. The Austro-Hungarian Government finally decided not to receive Mr. Keiley as the Envoy of the United States and that gentleman has since resigned his commission, leaving the place vacant.

I have made no new nomination and the interests of this Government at Vienna are now in the care of the Secretary of Legation acting as charge d'affaires ad interim.


Early in March last war broke out in Central America, caused by the attempt of Guatemala to consolidate the several States into a single government. In these contests between our neighboring States, the United States forbore to interfere actively, but lent the aid of their friendly offices in deprecation of war to promote peace and concord among the belligerents and by such counsel contribute impartially to the preservation of tranquility in that locality.

The emergencies growing out of the civil war in the United States of Colombia demanded of the Government at the beginning of this Administration the employment of an armed force to fulfill its guarantees under the thirty-fifth article of the treaty of 1846, in order to keep the transit open across the Isthmus of Panama. Desirous of exercising only the powers expressly reserved to us by the treaty, and mindful of the rights of Colombia, the forces sent to the Isthmus were instructed to confine their action to "positively and efficaciously" preventing the transit and its accessories from being interrupted or embarrassed.

The execution of this delicate and responsible task necessarily involved police control where the local authority was temporarily powerless, but always in aid of the sovereignty of Colombia. The prompt and successful fulfillment of its duty by this Government was highly appreciated by the Government of Colombia, and has been followed by an expression of satisfaction. High praise is due to the officers and men engaged in this service. The restoration of peace on the Isthmus by the reestablishment of the constituted Government there being thus established, the forces of the United States were withdrawn.

Pending these occurrences a question of much importance was presented by decrees of the Colombian government proclaiming the closure of certain ports, then in the hands of insurgents, and declaring vessels held by the revolutionists to be piratical and liable to capture by any power. To neither of these propositions could the United States submit. An effective closure of ports not in the possession of the government, but held by hostile parties, could not be recognized. Neither could the vessels of insurgents against the legitimate sovereignty be deemed hostis humani generis within the precepts of international law whatever might be the definition and penalty of their acts under the municipal law of the State against whose authority they were in revolt. The denial by this Government of the Colombian proposition did not, however, imply the admission of a belligerent status on the part of the insurgents. The Colombian Government has expressed its willingness to negotiate conventions for the adjustment by arbitration of claims of foreign citizens arising out of the destruction of the city of Aspinwall by the insurrectionary forces.


The condition of the Chinese question in the Western States and Territories is, despite this restrictive legislation, far from being satisfactory. The recent outbreak in Wyoming Territory, where numbers of unoffending Chinamen, indisputably within the protection of the treaties and the law, were murdered by a mob, and the still more recently threatened outbreak of the same character in Washington Territory, are fresh in the minds of all, and there is apprehension lest the bitterness of feeling against the Mongolian race on the Pacific slope may find vent in similar lawless demonstrations.

All the power of this Government should be exerted to maintain the amplest good faith toward China in the treatment of these men, and the inflexible sternness of the law in bringing the wrong-doers to justice should be insisted on. Every effort has been made by this Government to prevent these violent outbreaks, and to aid the representatives of China in their investigation of these outrages, and it is but just to say they are traceable to lawlessness of men not citizens of the United States, engaged in competition with Chinese laborers. Race prejudice is the chief factor in originating these disturbances, and it exists in a large part of our domain, jeopardizing our domestic peace and the good relationship we strive to maintain with China. The admitted right of a government to prevent the influx of elements hostile to its internal peace and prosperity may not be questioned, even where there is no treaty stipulation on the subject. That the exclusion of Chinese labor is demanded in other countries where like conditions prevail, is strongly evidenced in the Dominion of Canada, where Chinese immigration is now regulated by laws more exclusive than our own.

If existing laws are inadequate to compass the end in view, I shall be prepared to give consideration to any further remedial measures within the treaty limits, which the wisdom of Congress may devise.


I regret to say that the restrictions upon the importation of our pork into France, notwithstanding the abundant demonstration of the absence of sanitary danger in its use continues, but I entertain strong hopes that with a better understanding of the matter, this vexatious prohibition will be removed. It would be pleasing to be able to say as much with respect to Germany and Austria and other countries where such food products are absolutely excluded without present prospect of a reasonable change.

The interpretation of our existing treaties of naturalization by Germany during the past year has attracted attention by reason of an apparent tendency on the part of the imperial government to extend the scope of their residential restrictions to which returning naturalized citizens of German origin are asserted to be liable under the laws of the empire. The temperate and just attitude taken by this Government with regard to this class of questions will doubtless lead to a satisfactory understanding.


The marked good will between the United States and Great Britain has been maintained during the past year. The termination of the fishery causes of treaty of Washington in pursuance of the joint resolution of March 3, 1884, must have resulted in the abrupt cessation on the 1st of July of this year, in the midst of their ventures, of the operations of citizens of the United States engaged in fishing in British American waters, but for a diplomatic understanding with her Majesty's Government in June last, whereby an assurance was obtained that no interruptions of these operations should take place during the current fishing season.


In the interest of good neighborhood and of the commercial intercourse of adjacent communities, the question of the North American fisheries is one of much importance. Following out the intimation given by me when the extensional arrangement above described was negotiated, I recommend that the Congress provide for the appointment of a commission in which the Governments of the United States and Great Britain shall be respectively represented, charged with the consideration and settlement, upon a joint, equitable, and honorable basis, of the entire question of the fishing rights of the Governments and their respective citizens on the coast of the United States and British North America.

The fishing interest, being intimately related to other general questions dependent upon contingency and intercourse, consideration thereof in all their equities might also properly come within the purview of such commission, and the latitude of expression of both sides should be permitted. The correspondence in relation to the fishing rights will be submitted.


The inadequacy of the existing arrangements for extradition between the United States and Great Britain has long been apparent. The tenth article of the treaty of 1842, one of the earliest compacts in this regard entered into by us, stipulates for the surrender in respect of a limited number of offenses. Other crimes no less inimical to social welfare should be embraced and the procedure of extradition brought in harmony with the present international practices. Relations with her Majesty's Government for an enlarged treaty of extradition have been pending since 1870, and I entertain utmost hopes that a satisfactory result may soon be attained.


The frontier line between Alaska and British Columbia, as defined by the treaty of cession with Russia, follows the demarcation assigned in a prior treaty between Great Britain and Russia. Modern exploration discloses that this ancient boundary is impracticable as a geographical fact. In the unsettled condition of that region the question has lacked importance, but the discovery of mineral wealth in the territory this line is supposed to traverse admonishes us that the time has come when an accurate knowledge of the boundary is needful to avert jurisdictional complications. I recommend, therefore, that provision be made for a preliminary reconnaissance by officers of the United States to the end of acquiring more precise information on the subject. I have invited Her Majesty's Government to consider with us the adoption of a more convenient line to be established for meridian observation or unknown geographical features without the necessity of an expensive survey of the whole.


An international conference to consider means of arresting the spread of the cholera and other epidemic diseases was held in Rome in May last, and adjourned to meet on further notice. An expert delegate, on behalf of the United States, has attended its sessions, and will submit a report.


Our relations with Mexico continue to be most cordial, as befits those of neighbors between whom the strongest ties of friendship and commercial interests exit, a natural and growing consequence of our similarity of institutions and geographical propinquity.


The lately concluded commercial treaty with Mexico still awaits stipulated legislation to carry its provisions into effect, for which one year's more time has been secured by a supplementary article signed on July last, and since ratified on both sides.


Our good relationship with Russia continues. An officer of the navy, detailed for this purpose, is now on his way to Siberia, bearing the testimonials voted by Congress to those who so generously succored the survivors of the unfortunate "Jeannette" expedition.


An international copyright conference was held at Berne in September on the invitation of the Swiss Government. The envoy of the United States attended as a delegate, but refrained from committing this Government to the result, even by signing the recommendatory protocol adopted. The interesting and important subject of international copyright has been before you for several years. Action is certainly desirable to effect the object in view, and while there may be questions as to the relative advantage of treating it by legislation, or by specific treaty, the matured views of the Berne conference cannot fail to aid your consideration of the subject.


The negotiations with Venezuela relative to the rehearing of the awards of the mixed commission, constituted under the treaty of 1866, was resumed in view of the recent acquiescence of the Venezuelan envoy in the principal points advanced by the Government that the effects of the old treaty could only be set aside by the operation of a new convention. A result in substantial accord with the advisory suggestions contained in the joint resolution of March 3, 1883, has been agreed upon and will shortly be submitted to the Senate for ratification.


The inadequacy of existing legislation touching citizenship and naturalization demands your consideration. While recognizing the right of expatriation, no statutory provisions exist providing means for renouncing citizenship by an American citizen, native born or naturalized, nor for terminating and locating an improper acquisition of citizenshipeven a fraudulent decree of naturalization cannot now be canceled.

The privilege and franchise of American citizenship should be guarded with care and extended to those only who intend, in good faith, to assume its duties and responsibilities when attaining its privileges and benefits. It should be withheld from those who merely go through the forms of naturalization with the intent of escaping the duties of their original allegiance without taking upon themselves those of their new status, or who may acquire the rights of American citizenship for no other than a hostile purpose toward their original Government. These evils have had many flagrant illustrations.

I regard with favor the suggestion put forth by one of my predecessors that provision may be made for a central bureau of record of the decrees of naturalization granted by the various courts throughout the United States now invested with that power. The rights which spring from domicile in the United States especially when coupled with a declaration of intention to become a citizen, are worthy of definition by statute. The stranger coming with either intent to remain, establishing his residence in our midst contributing to the general welfare and by his voluntary act declaring his purpose to assume the responsibilities of citizenship, thereby gains an inchoate status which legislation has not properly defined.

The laws of certain States and Territories admit a domiciled alien to the local franchise, conferring on him the rights of citizenship to a degree, which places him in the anomalous position of being a citizen of a State and yet not of the United States within the purview of Federal and international laws. It is important within the scope of international legislation to define this right of alien domicile as distinguished from Federal naturalization.


I earnestly urge that Congress recast the appropriation for the diplomatic and consular service on a footing commensurate with the importance of our national interest at every point where a representative is necessary. The salary should be so graded as to permit him to live with comfort. With the assignment of adequate salaries, the so-called national extra official fees which our officers abroad are not permitted to treat as personal perquisites, should be done away with.


The report of the Secretary of the Treasury full exhibits the condition of the public finances, and of the several branches of government connected with his department. The suggestions of the Secretary relating to practical operations of these important departments, and his recommendations in the direction of simplification and economy, particularly in the work of collecting customs duties, are especially urged upon the attention of Congress.

The ordinary receipts from all sources for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1885, were $322,690,706.38. Of this sum $181,471,989.34 was received from customs, and $112,498,725.54 from internal revenue. The total receipts as given above, were $24,829,163.65 less than those for the year ended June 26, 1884. The diminution embraces a falling off of $12,596,550.42 in the receipts from customs and $2,687,246.97 in the receipts from internal revenue.

The total ordinary expenditures of this Government for the fiscal year were $280,226,935.56, leaving a surplus in the Treasury at the close of the year of $48,463,771.20. $40,929,854.32 less than the surplus reported, at the close of the previous year. The expenditures are classified as follows.

For civil expenses: $23,826,242.11; For foreign intercourse, $5,420,604.11; For Indians, $6,552,494.62; For pensions, $56,102,267.40; For the military, including river and harbor improvements and animals, $42,609,571.40; For the Navy, including vessels, machinery, and improvements of Navy yards $16,024,079.43; For interest on the public debt $53,386,356.47; For the District of Columbia $3,490,650.70; For miscellaneous expenditures, including public buildings, lighthouses, and collecting the revenue: $54,128,650.80.

The amount paid on the public debt during the fiscal year ended June 20, 1885, was $45,903,285.43, and there had been paid since that date and up to November 1, 1885, the sum of $869,828, leaving the amount of debt at the last named date, $1,514,475,860.47. There was, however, at that time in the Treasury applicable to general purposes of the Government the sum of $66,818,208.28.

The total receipts for the current fiscal year ending June 30, 1886, ascertained to October 1, 1886, and estimated for the remainder of the year, was $315,000,000. The expenditures ascertained, estimated for same time, are $245,000.000, leaving a surplus at close of year estimated at $70,000,000.


The value of exports from the United States to foreign countries during the last fiscal year was as follows.

Some of the principal exports, with their values and the percentage they respectively bear to the total exportation, are given as follows.

Cotton and cotton manufacturers: Value $213,799,049; Percentage 29.43.

Breadstuffs: Value $160,370,820; Percentage 22.07.

Provisions: $107,332,456; Percentage 14.77.

Oils, mineral, vegetable and animal: $54,326,202; Percentage 7.40.

Tobacco and its manufactures: $24,767,305; Percentage 3.41.

Wood and its manufactures: $21,464,322; Percentage 2.95.

Our imports during the year were as follows.

Merchandise: $579,580,053.80.

Gold: $26,691,896.00

Silver: $16,550,667.00

Total: $626,822,376.80

The following are given as prominent articles of imports during the year with their values and the percentage they bear to the total importation.

Of the entire amount of duties collected, 70 per cent was collected from the following articles of import: Sugar and molasses, 29; wool and its manufactures, 15; silks and its manufactures, 8; iron and steel and their manufactures, 57; cotton manufactures, 6; flax, hemp, jute, and their manufactures, 5.


The fact that our revenues are in excess of the actual needs of an economical administration of the Government justifies a reduction in the amount exacted from the people for its support. Our Government is but the means established by the will of a free people by which certain principles are applied which they have adopted for their benefit and protection, and it is never better administered and its free spirit is never better observed then when the people's taxation for its support is scrupulously limited to the actual necessity of expenditure, and distributed according to a just and equitable plan.

We should also deal with the subject in such a manner as to protect the interests of American labor, which is the capital of our workingmen. Its stability and proper remuneration furnish the most justifiable pretext for a protective policy. Within these limitations a certain reduction should be made in our customs revenue. The amount of such reduction having been determined, the inquiry follows where can it best be remitted and what articles can best be released from duty in the interests of our citizens.

I think the reduction should be made in the revenue derived from a tax upon the imported necessaries of life. We thus directly lessen the cost of living in every family of the land, and release to the people in every humble home a larger measure of the rewards of frugal industry.


During the year ended November 1, 1885, 145 National banks were organized, with an aggregate capital of $16,998,000, and circulation notes have been issued to them amounting to $4,374,910. The whole number of these banks in existence on the day above mentioned was 3,727. The very limited amount of circulating notes issued by our National banks, compared with the amount the law permits them to issue upon a deposit of bonds for their redemption, indicates that the volume of circulating medium may be largely increased through this instrumentality. Nothing more important than the present condition of our currency and coinage can claim your attention. Since February 1877, the Government has, under compulsory provisions of law, purchased silver bullion and coined the same at the rate of more than $2,000,000 every month. By the process, up to present date, $15,759,485 silver dollars have been coined.


A reasonable appropriation or a delegation of power to the general Government would limit its exercise without express restrictive words to the people's needs and the requirements of the public welfare. Upon this theory the authority to "coin money" given to Congress by the Constitution, if it permits the purchase by the Government of bullion for coinage, in any event does not justify such purchase and coinage beyond the amount needed for a sufficient circulating medium. The desire to utilize the silver product of the country should not lend to a misuse of the perversion of this power.

The necessity for such an addition to the silver currency of the Nation, as is compelled by the silver coinage act, is illustrated by the fact that up to the present time only about 50,000,000 of silver dollars so coined have actually found their way into circulation, leaving more than $155,000,000 in possession of the Government, the custody of which has entailed a considerable expense for construction of vaults for its deposit. Against this latter amount there are outstanding silver certificates of about $35,000,000.

Every month $2,000,000 of gold in the public treasury are paid out for $2,000,000 or more of silver dollars to be added to the idle mass accumulated. If continued long enough, this operation will result in a substitution of silver for all the gold the Government owns applicable to its general purposes. It will not do to rely on the customs receipts of the Government, the silver thus coined having been made a legal tender for all debts and dues, public and private. At times during the last six months 58 per cent of the receipts for duties have been in silver or silver certificates, while the average within that period has been 10 per cent.

The portion of silver and its certificates received by the Government will probably increase as time goes on, for the reason that the nearer the period approaches when it will be obliged to offer silver in payment of its obligations, the greater inducement there will be to hoard gold against depreciation in the value of silver, or for the purpose of speculating. This hoarding of gold has already begun. When the time comes that gold has been withdrawn from circulation, then will be apparent the difference between the real value of the silver dollar and a dollar in gold, and the two coins will part company. Gold, still the standard of value and necessary in our dealings with other countries, will be at a premium over silver. Banks which have substituted gold for the deposits of their customers may pay them with silver bought with such gold, thus making a handsome profit. Rich speculators will sell their hoarded gold to their neighbors, who need it to liquidate their foreign indebtedness at a ruinous premium over silver, and the laboring men and women of the land, most defenseless of all, will find that the dollar received for the wages of their toil has sadly shrunk in its purchasing power.

It may be said that the latter result will be but temporary, and that ultimately the price of labor will be adjusted to the change. But even if this takes place, the wage worker cannot possibly gain since the price he is compelled to pay for his living will not only be measured in a coin heavily depreciated, fluctuating and uncertain in its value, but this medium will be made a pretext for an advance in prices beyond that justified by the actual depression.

The words uttered in 1834 by Daniel Webster in the Senate of the United States are true today: "The very man of all others who has the deepest interest in a sound currency and who suffers most by mischievous legislation in money matters is the man who earns his daily bread by his daily toil." The most distinguished advocate of bi-metalism, in discussing our silver coinage, has lately written: "No American citizen's hand has yet felt the sensation of cheapness either in receiving or expending the silver act dollars," and those who live by labor or legitimate trade never will feel that sensation of cheapness. However plenty silver dollars may be, they will not be distributed as gifts among the people, and if the laboring man should receive four depreciated dollars where he now receives two, he will pay in the depreciated coin more than double the price he now pays for all the necessaries and comforts of life.

Those who do not fear any disastrous consequences arising from the continued compulsory coinage of silver, as now directed by law, and who suppose that the addition of the currency of the country intended as its result will be a public benefit, are reminded that the point is easily reached in the attempt to float at the same time two sorts of money of different excellence when the better will cease to be in circulation. The hoarding of gold, which has already taken place, indicates that we shall not escape the usual experience in such cases. So if this silver coinage be continued, we may reasonably expect that gold or its equivalent will abandon the field of circulation to silver. This of course must produce a severe contraction of our circulating medium, instead of adding to it. It will be disputed that any attempt on the part of the Government to cause the circulation of a silver dollar worth 80 cents, side by side with a gold dollar worth 108 cents, even with the limit that legislation does not run counter to trade; to be successful, it must be seconded by the confidence of the people, that both coins will retain the same purchasing power and be changeable at will. A special effort has been made by the Secretary of the Treasury to increase the amount of our silver coin in circulation; but the fact that a large share of the limited amount thus put out has soon returned to the public treasury in payment of duties, leads to the belief that the people do not now desire to keep it in hand, and this, with the evident disposition to hoard gold, gives rise to the suspicion that there already exists a lack of confidence among the people touching our financial processes. I recommend the suspension of the compulsory coinage of silver dollars directed by the law passed in February, 1875.


The Supervising Surgeon-General reports that during the fiscal year 41,714 patients have received relief through the marine hospital service, of whom 18,803 were treated in hospitals and 28,911 at dispensaries. Active and effective efforts have been made through the medium of this service to protect the country against an invasion of cholera, which has prevailed in Spain and France, and small-pox, which recently broke out in Canada.


The work of the coast and geodetic survey was during the last fiscal year carried on within our boundaries and of the coasts of thirty-two States, two Territories, and the District of Columbia. In July last certain irregularities were found to exist in the management of this bureau, which led to prompt investigation of its methods, the abuses of which were brought to light by this examination, and the reckless disregard of duty and the interests of the Government depending on the part of some of those connected with the service made a change of superintendency and other offices necessary.


The report of the Secretary of War is herewith submitted. The attention of Congress is invited to the detailed account which it contains of the administration of his department and suggestions for the improvement of the service. The army consisted, at the date of the last consolidated returns, of 2,154 officers and 24,705 enlisted men. The expenses of the department for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1885, including $13,164,394.60 for public works and river and harbor improvements, were $45,850,999.54.

Besides the troops which were sent in pursuit of the small band of Indians who left their reservation in Arizona and committed murders and outrages, two regiments of cavalry and one of infantry were sent last July to the Indian Territory to prevent an outbreak which seemed imminent. They remained to aid, if necessary, in the expulsion of intruders upon the reservation who seemed to have caused the discontent among the Indians, but the executive proclamation warning them to remove was complied with without interference.

Troops were also sent to Rock Springs, in Wyoming Territory, after the massacre of the Chinese there, to prevent further disturbances, and afterward to Seattle, in Washington Territory, to avert a threatened attack upon Chinese laborers and domestic violence there; in both cases the mere presence of troops had the desired effect. It appears that the number of desertions have diminished, but that during the last fiscal year the number was 2,907, and one instance is given by the Lieutenant General of six desertions by the same recruit. I am convinced that this number of desertions can be much diminished by better discipline and treatment, but the punishment should be increased for repeated offenses.

The Judge Advocate General reports that the number of trials by general court martials during the year were 2,328, and that 1,184 trials took place before garrison and regimental court martials. The suggestion that probably more than a tenth of the army has been tried for offenses great and small in one year may well arrest attention. Of course many of these trials of garrison and regimental court martials were for offenses almost frivolous, and there should, I think, be a way devised to dispose of these in a more summary and less inconvenient manner than by court martial. Of some of the proceedings of court martial, which I had occasion to examine, the present ideas of justice which generally prevail in the trials, I am satisfied, should be much reformed if the honor and the honesty of the army and the navy are, by their instrumentality, to be vindicated and protected.

The Board of Fortifications and Harbor Defenses, appointed in pursuance of provisions of the act of Congress, approved March 3, 1885, will, in a short time, present a report, and it is hoped that this may greatly aid the legislation so necessary to remedy the present defenseless condition of our sea coast.


The work of the signal service has been prosecuted during the last year with results of increasing benefit to the country. The field of instruction has been enlarged with a view of adding to its usefulness. The number of stations in operation June 30, 1885, was 489. Telegraphic reports are received daily from 160 stations; reports are also received from 75 Canadian stations, 375 volunteer observers, 51 army surgeons at military posts, and 383 foreign stations. The expense of the service during the fiscal year, after deducting receipts from military telegraph lines, was $797,402.07.


The military academy at West Point is reported as being in a high state of efficiency and well equipped for the accomplishment of the purposes of its maintenance. The fact that the class which graduates next year is an unusually large one has constrained me to decline to make appointments to second lieutenancies in the army from civil life so that such vacancies as exist in these places may be reserved for such graduates, and yet it is not probable that there will be vacancies enough to provide positions for them all when they leave the military school.


There should be a general law of Congress, prohibiting the construction of bridges over navigable waters in such a manner as to obstruct navigation, with provisions for preventing the same. It seems, under existing statutes, that the Government cannot intervene to prevent such a construction, when entered upon without its consent, though when such consent is asked, and granted upon condition that authority to insist upon such condition is clear.


The report of the Secretary of the Navy gives a history of the operations of his department, and the present condition of the work committed to his charge. He details in full the course pursued by him to protect the rights of the Government in respect to certain vessels unfinished at the time of his accession to office, and also concerning the dispatch boat, Dolphin, claimed to be completed and awaiting the acceptance of the department.

No one can fail to see from recitals contained in these reports that only the application of business principles has been insisted upon in the treatment of these subjects, and that whatever controversy has arisen was caused by the exaction on the part of the Department of contract obligations as they were legally construed. In the case of the Dolphin, with entire justice to the contractors, an agreement has been entered into providing for the ascertainment by a judicial inquiry, of the complete or partial compliance with the contract in her construction, and further providing for the assessment of any damage to which the Government may be entitled on account of a partial failure to perform such contract, or payment of the sum still remaining unpaid upon her price in case a full performance is adjudged. The contractor, by reason of his failure in business being unable to complete the other three vessels, they were taken possession of by the Government in their unfinished state, under a clause in the contract permitting such a course, and are now in process of completion in the yard of the contractor, but under the supervision of the Navy Department.

Congress at its last session authorized the construction of two additional new cruisers and two gunboats, at a cost not to exceed in the aggregate $2,995,000. The appropriation for this purpose having become available on the 1st day of July last, steps were taken for the procurement of such plans for the construction of those vessels as would be likely to insure their usefulness when completed.

These are of utmost importance, considering the constant advance in the art of building vessels of this character, and the time is not lost which is spent in their careful consideration and selection.

All must admit the importance of an effective navy to a nation like ours, having such an extended sea coast to protect, and yet we have not a single vessel of war that would keep the seas against a first-class vessel of any important foreign power. Such a condition ought not longer to continue. The nation that cannot resist aggression is constantly exposed to its foreign policy, is of necessity weak, and its negotiations are conducted with disadvantage because it is not in a condition to enforce the terms dictated by its sense of right and justice.

Inspired as I am by the hope shared by all patriotic citizens that the day is not far distant when our navy will be such as befits our standing among the nations of the earth, and rejoiced at every step that leads in the direction of such consummation, I deem it my duty to especially direct the attention of Congress to the close of the report of the Secretary of the Navy, in which the humiliating weakness of the present organization of the department is exhibited, and the startling abuses and waste of its present methods are expressed. The conviction is forced upon us with a certainty of mathematical demonstration that before we proceed further on the restoration of a navy we need a thoroughly reorganized navy department.


The affairs of the postal service are exhibited by the report of the Postmaster General, which will be laid before you. The postal revenue, whose rate of gain upon the rising prosperity of 1882 and 1883, outstripped the increasing expenses of our growing service, was checked by the reduction in the rate of letter postage, which took effect with the beginning of October in the latter year, and it diminished during the past two fiscal years $2,700,000, in about the proportion of $2,270,000 in 1884 to $520,000 in 1885. Natural growth and development have in the meantime, increased the expenditure, resulting in a deficiency in the revenue to meet the expenses of the department of $5,250,000 for the year 1884, and $8,333,333.31½ in the last fiscal year. The anticipated and natural revival of the revenue has been oppressed and retarded by the unfavorable business condition of the country, of which the postal service is a faithful indicator. The gratifying fact is shown, however, by the report that our returning prosperity is marked by a gain of $380,000 in the revenue of the latter half of the last year, over the corresponding period of the preceding year.

The change in weight of first class matter, which may be carried for a single rate postage from a half ounce to an ounce, and the reduction by one-half cent of newspaper postage, which, under recent legislation, began with the current year, will operate to restrain the augmentation of receipts which otherwise might have been expected to such a degree that the scale of expense may gain upon the revenue and cause an increased deficiency to be shown at its close. Yet after so long a period of increased prosperity, it is confidently anticipated that even the present low rates are as favorable as any country affords, and will be adequate to sustain the cost of service.


The report of the Secretary of the Interior, containing an account of the operation of this important department and much interesting information, will be submitted for your consideration. The most intricate and difficult subject in charge of this department is the treatment and management of the Indians. I am satisfied that some progress may be noted in their condition, as a result of a prudent administration of the present laws and regulations for their comfort. But it is admitted that there is lack of a fixed purpose or policy on this subject which should be supplied. It is useless to dilate upon the wrongs of the Indians, and as useless to indulge in the heartless belief that because their wrongs are revenged in their own atrocious manner, therefore they should be exterminated. They are within the care of our Government and their rights should be protected from invasion by the most solemn obligations. They are properly enough called the wards of the Government, and it should be borne in mind that this guardianship invokes on our part efforts for the improvement of their condition and the enforcement of their rights.

Our Indian population, exclusive of those in Alaska, is reported as numbering 260,000, nearly all being located on lands set apart for their use and occupation, aggregating over 134,000,00 of acres. These lands are included in boundaries of 174 reservations of different dimensions, scattered in twenty-one States and Territories, presenting great variations in climate and in the kind and quality of their soils. Among the Indians upon these several reservations there exist the most marked differences in National traits and disposition, and in their progress toward civilization.

The history of all progress which has been made in the civilization of Indians, I think, will disclose the fact that the beginning had been religious teaching, followed by, or accompanying secular education, while the self-sacrificing and pious men and women who have aided in this good work, by their independent endeavor, have for their reward the beneficent results of their labor and consciousness of Christian duty well performed. Their valuable services should be fully acknowledged by all who, under the law, are charged with the control and management of our Indian wards.

I recommend the passage of a law authorizing the appointment of six commissioners, three of whom shall be detailed from the army, to be charged with the duty of a careful inspection, from time to time, of all the Indians upon our reservations or subject to the care and control of the Government, with a view of ascertaining their exact condition and health, and determining what steps shall be taken on behalf of the government to improve their situation in the direction of their self-support and complete civilization, that they ascertain from such inspection, what, if any, of the reservations may be reduced in area, and in such cases what part not needed for Indian occupation may be purchased by the Government from the Indians and disposed of for their benefit. What, if any, Indians may, with their consent, be removed to other reservations with a view of their concentration, and the same on their behalf of their abandoned reservations. What Indian lands now held in common should be allotted in severalty. In what manner and to what extent the Indians upon reservations can be placed under the protection of our laws and subjected to their penalties, and which, if any, Indians should be invested with the right of citizenship; the powers and functions of the Commissioners in regard to these subjects should be clearly defined, though they should, in conjunction with the Secretary of the Interior, be given all the authority to deal definitely with the questions presented, deemed safe and consistent. They should be also charged with the duty of ascertaining the Indians who might properly be furnished with implements of agriculture, and of what kind, and in what cases the support of the government should be withdrawn; where the present plan of distributing Indian supplies should be changed, where schools should be established and where discontinued, the conduct, methods, and witnesses of agents in charge of reservations, the extent to which such reservations are occupied or intruded upon by unauthorized persons, and generally all matter related to the welfare and improvement of the Indians.


The public domain had its origin in cessions of land by the States to the general Government. The first cession was made by the State of New York, and the largest, which in area exceeded all the others, by the State of Virginia. The territory, the proprietorship of which became thus vested in the United States, extended from the Western line of Pennsylvania to the Mississippi River. These patriotic donations of the States were encumbered with no conditions except that they should be held and used "for the common benefit of the United States." By purchase with the common fund of all the people, additions were made to this domain until it extended to the northern line of Mexico on the Pacific Ocean and to the Polar Sea.

It is not for the common benefit of the United States that a large area of public lands should be acquired directly or through fraud in the hands of single individuals. The Nation's strength is in the people. The Nation's prosperity is in their prosperity; the Nation's glory is in the equality of justice; the Nation's prosperity is in the patriotism of her peoplehence, as far as practicable, the plan adopted in the disposal of public lands should have in view the original policy which encouraged many purchasers of the lands for homes and discouraged the massing of large areas. Exclusive of Alaska, about three-fifths of the National domain has been sold or subject to contract or grant.

Of the remaining two-fifths, a considerable portion is either mountain or desert. A rapidly increasing population creates a growing demand for homes, and the accumulation of wealth inspires an eager competition to obtain the public land for speculative purposes. In the future this collision of interests will be more marked than in the past, and the execution of the Nation's trust in behalf of our settlers will be more difficult. I therefore commend to your attention the recommendations contained in my report of the Secretary of the Interior with reference to the repeal and modification of certain of our land laws.

The nation has made princely grants and subsidies to a system of railroads projected as great National highways to connect the Pacific States with the East. It has been charged that these donations from the people have been diverted to private gains and corrupt uses and thus public indignation has been aroused and suspicion engendered. Our great Nation does not begrudge its generosity, but it abhors peculation and fraud; and the favorable regard of our people for the great corporations in which these grants were made, can only be revived by a restoration of confidence to be secured by their constant, unequivocal and clearly manifested integrity. A faithful application of the undiminished proceeds of the grants to the construction and perfecting of their roads, an honest discharge of their obligation and entire justice to all the people in the enjoyment of their rights on these highways of travel is all the public asks and it will not be content with less.


It appears from the report of the Commissioner of Pensions that there were on the 1st day of July, 1885, 345,125 persons borne upon the pension rolls, classified as follows: Army invalids, 241,243; widows, minor children, and dependent relatives of deceased soldiers, 78,841; navy invalids, 2,745; navy widows, minor children, and dependents, 1,923; survivors of the war of 1812, 205, and widows of those who served in that war, 17,212.

About one man in two who enlisted in the late war is reported as receiving pension, exclusive of the dependents of deceased soldiers. On the 1st of July, 1875, the number of pensioners were 234,821, and the increase within the ten years next thereafter was 110,304. While there is no expenditure of public funds which the people more cheerfully approve than that made in recognition of the services of our soldiers, living and dead, the sentiment underlying the subject should not be vitiated by the introduction of any fraudulent practices; therefore, it is fully as important that the rolls should be cleaned of all those, who by fraud have secured places thereon, as that meritorious claims should be speedily examined and adjusted. The reforms in the methods of doing the business of the bureau, which have lately been inaugurated, promise better results in both these directions.


In the Territory of Utah the law of the United States, passed for the suppression of polygamy, has been energetically and faithfully executed during the past year with measurably good results. A number of convictions have been secured for unlawful cohabitation, and in some cases pleas of guilty have been entered and a slight punishment imposed upon a promise by the accused that they would not again offend against the law or advise, counsel, and or abet in any way its violation by others.

The Utah Commissioners express the opinion, based upon such information as they are able to obtain, that but few polygamous marriages have taken place in the territory during the last year. They further report that while there cannot be found upon the registration lists of voters the name of a man actually guilty of polygamy, and while none of that class are holding office, yet at the last election in the Territory all the officers elected, except in one county, were men who, though not actually living in the practice of polygamy, subscribe to the doctrine of revelation, and a law unto all higher and more binding upon the condition than any human law, local or national.

This is the strange spectacle presented of a community, protected by a Republican form of government, to which they own allegiance, sustaining by their suffrages a principle and belief that acts at naught that obligation of absolute existence to the law of the land which lies at the foundation of Republican institutions. The strength, perpetuity, and destiny of the Nation rests upon our homes, established by the law of God, guarded by parental care, regulated by parental authority, and sanctioned by parental love.

There should be no relaxation in the firm but just execution of the law now in operation, and I should be glad to approve such further discreet legislation as will rid the country of this blot upon its fair name. Since the people upholding polygamy in our Territories are reinforced by immigration from other lands, I recommend that a law be passed to prevent the importation of Mormons into the country.


The report of the Civil Service Commission, which will be submitted, contains an account of the manner in which the civil service law has been executed during the last year and much valuable information on this important subject.

I am inclined to think that there is no sentiment more general in the minds of the people of our country than a constitution of correctness of principle, upon which the civil service reform is based. In its present condition the law regulates only part of the subordinate public positions throughout the country. It applies tests of fitness to applicants for these places by means of a competition examination and gives large discretion to the Commissioners as to character of examination and many other matters connected with its execution. Thus the rules and regulations adopted by the Commissioners have much to do with the practical usefulness of the statute and with the result of its application.

The people may well trust the commission to execute the law with perfect fairness, and with as little friction as possible, but of course, no relaxation of the principle which underlies it, and no weakening of the safeguards which surround it, can be expected. Experience in its administration will probably suggest amendment of methods of its execution, but I venture to hope that we shall never again be remitted to the system which distributes public positions purely as rewards for partisan services.


The present condition of the law relating to the succession to the Presidency in the event of the death, disability, or removal of both the President and Vice President is such as to require amendment. This subject has repeatedly been considered by Congress, but no result has been reached. The recent lamentable death of the Vice President, and vacancies at the same time in all other offices, the incumbents of which might immediately exercise the functions of the Presidential office, has caused public anxiety and a just demand that a reoccurrence of such a condition of affairs should not be permitted.


In conclusion, I would recommend to the wise care and thoughtful attention of Congress the needs, welfare, and aspirations of an intelligent and generous nation, and not to subordinate these to the narrow advantages of partisanship, or the accomplishment of selfish aims, or to violate the people's trusts and betray the people's interest. An individual sense of responsibility on the part of each of us and a stern determination to perform our duty well will give us place among those who have added in their day and generation to the glory and prosperity of our beloved land. [Signed.[ GROVER CLEVELAND.




Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Iowa has five women lawyers and one hundred and twenty-two women physicians.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

According to the land commissioner's report for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1885, there had been during that year 1,020,046 acres of land taken up by actual settlers in this state.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Senator Ingalls has introduced in the Senate a bill to appropriate $250,000 for the establishment of two new military posts to protect the settlers against Indians.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

While a steam thresher was running near Wm. Sill's place, in Goddard township, McPherson County, the other day, the engine blew up, killing the fireman, a young man named Lee. No one else was hurt.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Samuel Kincaid was accidentally killed at South Haven, Sumner County, by the discharge of a gun in the hands of a careless person. The ball entered his leg and he bled to death before aid could be summoned.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

We trust that the tariff tinkers will be sat down upon at the coming session of Congress. If there is any change in the tariff laws, there ought to be a heavy tax placed upon the mouths of some of the agitators. State Journal.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The Farmers' National Congress met at Indianapolis Thursday with a representation of sixty delegates from amongst the largest and wealthiest farmers in Kansas, Indiana, Kentucky, New Jersey, Missouri, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Minnesota.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Last week L. C. Reece, who resides on Tadpole, about eight miles south of Eureka, had about 100 tons of prairie hay and about 25 tons of millet burned. It was set on fire by some miscreant. Mr. Reece came very near losing his life in trying to save his hay.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

England has now four hundred and twenty-two women editors. It will be noted that women are making great progress in Great Britain, and are crowding the old duffers in the English parliament. The power of the press in England is receiving a new impetus under the invigorating pencils of the fair sex.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Democratic papers are querying whether Democratic Georgia has gone squarely back on the party, which has over and over again declared its unalterable opposition to all "sumptuary laws." The people of Georgia didn't seem to have asked politicians whether they would like it or not. Leavenworth Times.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Tilden is opposed to tariff agitation. He says as much when he urges congress to devote great sums to fortifying the seaports of our country. If this work be undertaken our revenues cannot be reduced, and Mr. Tilden urges legislation to this end before a consideration of the silver tariff or any other question.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

A dispatch from Iola, Allen County, says that J. M. Downing shot and killed one Earl, a respectable citizen, on the street of that city at 10 o'clock at night. Downing fled, but was captured and jailed. His reputation is bad, and the feeling against him runs high. The difficulty grew out of an attempt on his part to ruin Earl's 15 year old daughter.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Jay Gould's announcement that he will retire from Wall street at the close of the year is to be classed with that species of intelligence which is important if true; but there is room for the suspicion that, like the average prima donna, he is never so likely to stay as when he declares he is about to go. It will be well, therefore, for the speculators to move slowly in the matter of arranging deals for 1886, on the theory that he will be an eliminated quantity.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The fall of this year resembles to some extent the fall and winter of 1857, which was open and warm nearly all through. November and December thus farthe 10th have been sunny and warm, a type of Indian summer most of the time, and farmers have had the best of weather for doing their fall work. Corn gathering and fall plowing have been pursued almost without interruption for the past eight weeks, and as we write they are still speeding the plow. Burlington Patriot.

[Left side of each article chopped off. Guessed about some missing words and put a question when I could not. MAW]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Frank Pappan, a half-breed Osage, was shot and killed at Elgin, Chautauqua County, last week, while resisting arrest. He and two white men had been stealing and killing cattle that belonged to Wait & Carpenter, and the three rode into Elgin the other morning, and the citizens tried to detain them until the proper papers could be made out. They resisted and attempted to get away and in the melee that followed, Pappan was killed. The two white men surrendered and were taken in charge by the officers.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The coal mine at the state prison in Lansing, Leavenworth County, has an average output of 7,500 bushels of coal daily. There are 275 prisoners at work in the mine. One day last week, the state received 4,497 bushels, there was shipped outside of that 2,215 bushels, and about 400 were sold to wagons. The earnings of the institution, including hire and labor by contractors, was over [?] or about $60 an hour.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The Kansas State Historical Society has held some interesting sessions at Manhattan. F. P. Baker, of the Commonwealth, read an appropriate paper Thursday, before the meeting, in which he said: "You have, gentlemen of the Horticultural society, the gratification of knowing that the work you have done for Kansas is not only important, not only a value which you have seen and experienced, for one of the notions you have exploded is that a man plants orchards only for the next generation, but you will have the satisfaction of knowing that your work is everlasting. You have seen the question practically settled that Kansas is a fruit country; you have helped to settle it, and now the work will go on forever. There will never be fewer orchards and fruit trees in Kansas than there are now, but there will every year be hundreds and thousands more. Every year the trees will push to the [?]. You older men remember when the orchards whitened only the [?] of the Missouri and Kaw, and the Lower Neosho. They are growing now along the irrigating ditches that wind through the valley of the upper Arkansas. This is wonderful, yet much more and greater things you will see, if in the future, as in the past, you are content to labor and to wait.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The Rev. Leonard, of the M. E. church, was the prohibition candidate for governor in the State of Ohio last fall, but Judge Foraker, the Republican candidate, was elected. Recently the thirteen bishops of the M. E. church were in session in New York and appointed fraternal delegates to several kindred organizations in the state, among which Judge Foraker was nominated fraternal delegate to the M. E. church, south, leaving the Rev. Mr. Leonard out in the cold. This indicates what the bishops think of the characters of the two gubernatorial candidates.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The A. T. & S. F Railroad Company propose to extend the Florence and Douglass branch of their road from Douglass to Winfield immediately, with the view of making Winfield the division station of all their roads, and making a Union depot for the Douglass branch, the Wichita branch, and the Southern Kansas, with roundhouse and machine shops in due time, and an extension of their road through the Territory. The present proposition is: That if the people along the line from Douglass to Winfield will subscribe three thousand dollars per mile to the capital stock and vote bonds therefor, they will proceed to build to Winfield at once. This will take about $60,000. Of this amount Winfield can only take $15,000, as that is her limit under the law, having already voted bonds up to her limit within that sum. Fairview township having voted to the D., M. & A., can vote only $10,000 to this road, as that sum reaches her limit under the law. Rock is able to vote $20,000 and Walnut $15,000, which would make up the amount.

The question to be determined is, will we do it? Of course Winfield will do all she can under the law, and Fairview, we doubt not, will do the same; so the question of doubt is only on Rock and Walnut. Rock should not hesitate because, first, it is the only way to get the road built, and second, it would be worth to Rock many times what it would cost her. It would build up a town near the center of the township which would be a great convenience for local trade and shipping their produce and the road would add $40,000 to her assessment rolls and at least $60,000 more for the town improvements. So that her rate of taxation would be diminished instead of increased.

Walnut almost surrounds Winfield and is so close and so intimately connected with Winfield that whatever builds up Winfield, builds up Walnut. The more railroads center at Winfield, the more consumers in Winfield for farm and garden produce, the higher prices Walnut will get for everything she has to sell including her lands, and every convenience to Winfield is a convenience to Walnut. Winfield has voted bonds up to her limit to increase the mutual prosperity of the two, while Walnut is receiving the benefits without a bond in aid. She certainly will not think that $15,000 is too large a contribution of her share in all these mutual benefits. We think this road alone will benefit her far in excess of the cost to her. The road itself will add $30,000 to her assessment rolls, the tax on which will be enough to cancel the interest on the bonds.

We believe the people of these townships will see it in this light and that the bonds will be voted and the road built. Once we get the Santa Fe interests centered in Winfield by the extension of this branch and all these further works above mentioned are sure to follow.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

One of the questions that will no doubt receive considerable attention at the hands of the Forty-ninth congress is the admission of Dakota into the union. Dakota in common with the balance of our western country, has shared the wonderful growth and prosperity brought about by the increase of population and capital, and it is now ripe for admission into the union. The population of Dakota at present is in the neighborhood of 400,000, which is more than that possessed by any other territory at the time of its admission to the union as a state. In connection with the addition of Dakota into the union, another and very important question presents itself, and, that is, whether it would not be wise to divide the territory, thus making two states. Dakota, as it stands, contains just about twice as much territory as either Nebraska or Kansas, with a population of nearly 300,000, more than Kansas had at the time she was admitted as a state in 1861.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The first volume of the "Personal Memoirs U. S. Grant" has been issued, and is now being delivered to subscribers in all parts of the nation. The work has been so extensively mentioned that no comment on its especial merits is now necessary. As the last contribution of Gen. Grant to the American people, his memoirs deserve a place in the library of every family in the United States. Even a hasty examination of the first volume will convince every reader that the value of the work as a literary production and historical record has not been exaggerated by the press of the country.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

"Rhymes of Ironquill" is the title of a book of short poems of Hon. Eugene F. Ware of Fort Scott, Kansas, copyright and published by T. J. Kellam, of Topeka, Kansas. It is got up in the best of style and fine print, and will be a welcome guest in the households of Kansas. Some of these poems, as the "Washerwoman's Song," for instance, have the genuine poetic ring and have made its author famous. There are many poetic gems in the collection and the fact that it is wholly a Kansas production will commend it to our readers. For a copy send $1.50 to T. J. Kellam, publisher, Topeka, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

In a paper on the size of the brain in extinct animals, Prof. Marsh, of Yale College, has brought forward the remarkable fact that in the race for life during past ages the survival of any particular group of animals depend on the size of their brain as compared with that of their contemporaries of the same class. Brains won then, as now, and the brain of animals crushed out of existence was always found to be relatively smaller than that of those outliving them.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

There is abundant reason for believing that the earth's crust is very thin, asserts Mr. J. Starkle Gardner, and it seems not impossible that some means may be devised for utilizing the intense heat of the molten mass below. This is already being done, in fact, to some extent, an artesian well having been bored at Pesth to obtain warm water for public baths, etc. From a depth of about 3,000 feet a large quantity of water heated to 161 degrees Fahrenheit pours forth, and the boring is to be continued until water at 178 degrees is yielded.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

About the only bureau estimating for a less sum of money for the next fiscal year, than will be expended this year, is the pension bureau; and Commissioner Black announces it boastfully. Yes, it can be said, and should be sorrowfully said, that our old soldiers are fast dying off.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Senator Edmunds has reintroduced his old anti-Mormon bill, with some changes. It provides that:

First: That the husband and wife shall be competent witnesses in the prosecution for polygamy.

Second: That the attendance of witnesses can be secured by attachment; that prosecution can be had five years after the offense; that every contract of marriage performed in one of the territories of the United States shall be certified to by the priest, or other official performing the ceremony, in the presence of two witnesses, and that such certificate shall be filed within 30 days in the office of the clerk of the court, and any person failing to file such certificate shall be fined $1,000 and imprisoned for two years. The record shall be open to the public and shall be evidence in court.

Section 7 repeals woman suffrage in Utah.

Section 8 provides that the law which now requires ballots in Utah to be numbered shall be repealed.

Section 10 provides that illegitimate children shall not have any share in the estate of their fathers in Utah.

Section 12 repeals the article incorporating the church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, and provides that the president of the United States shall appoint fourteen trustees for said corporation, who shall act under the authority of the secretary of the interior and shall dissolve said corporation, pay its debts, and dispose of its property and assets according to law. The balance remaining shall be devoted and invested for the benefit of the public schools of Utah. The bill further provides that whoever commits adultery in Utah shall be imprisoned in the penitentiary not exceeding three years.

A new system of district schools is established in the place of the Mormon school now held and the bill prohibits the use in any school of any book of a sectarian character. No Mormon, and no person who believes in polygamy shall be employed as teachers.

The bill also provides the very strongest measures for the disposition of property of deceased persons in Utah.

The Senator seems to propose to kill not only polygamy but several other things which he does not approve of. Section 7, for instance, is not a blow at polygamy at all, but a stab at suffrage reform. The present law disfranchises male polygamists and is said to be inefficient because the plural wives can vote and do vote under the direction of their disfranchised husbands. So Mr. Edmunds is going to remedy this defect by disfranchising all women whether plural wives or not. In framing the present law he did not deem it necessary to totally repeal male suffrage, but contented himself with disfranchising male polygamists, leaving the suffrage to other men. Why, we ask, should not the same rule attain with regard to female suffrage; that is, why should not the disfranchisement of female polygamists, of plural wives suffice? Why should the good, intelligent, virtuous, anti- polygamy women of Utah be disfranchised? The ostensible object of the disfranchisement is to weaken the polygamists, and strengthen the anti-polygamists at the polls. Total disfranchisement of women will weaken the polygamists no more than it will weaken the anti-polygamists. The Senator's conservatism seems to cause him to strike a half and half blow on the polygamy question in order to strike a full blow at woman suffrage.

Perhaps if he should deal a full blow at polygamy in section 7, he would not need such stringent and unjust measures as are embodied in sections 10 and 12, in order to conquer polygamy.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The Hon. Albert Griffin, in the Nationalist, answers our objections to the calling of the above named convention as follows.

"It is astonishing how often intelligent men fail to understand what they read. THE WINFIELD COURIER, one of the ablest papers in the state, in an article opposing the Toledo convention, says: `All that Republican prohibitionists have to do is to attend the primary meetings of the Republican party and secure if they can the election of delegates to the county and state convention which will express and carry out their views in this respect.' This is exactly what it is proposed to do. The call says: `The convention will not, of course, assume to be the party, but will, we doubt not, instruct the various Executive Committees herein provided for to see that no fraudulent game is played, and that those who are in favor of the regeneration movement attend all Republican primaries, and elect to all conventions delegates who are in favor of protecting the home instead of the tippling house. The machinery provided is to be used solely for the purpose of enabling the majority of the party to overcome the opposition of professional wire pullers and make such changes in its general policy as they believe the interest of the Nation and of humanity requireand to do this without unnecessary friction. The difference between the course heretofore pursued and the one proposed is that the temperance element is now to be organized so that its influence will be equal to its strength. The practical questions are, shall temperance Republicans everywhere work for these principles? And, if so, shall they organize so as to make their work as effective as possible. What is worth doing at all is worth doing well. They should either not strike at all or make their blows as heavy as possible. The whiskey men are thoroughly organized and if temperance Republicans continue to work singly (when they do not stay at home) the saloons will continue to triumph. That is all there is of it. We are satisfied that if friend Millington will carefully read the Call, as published in the last issue of this paper, he will find that he misunderstood it."

We know that Mr. Griffin is both a staunch prohibitionist and a staunch Republican who will stay by his party whether it endorses the prohibition movement or not, because at worst it is far better than the Democratic party and contains the bulk of the prohibition sentiment besides being right on the other important issues. We know he is aiming at the same ends that we are, and we hold his judgment as to methods in the highest respect, but we apprehend that the convention named will not do more good than hurt. He may be right and we wrong in this particular, and as the convention is called, we do not want to say more. What we particularly desire is harmony of action among those who are working for the same ends and we deprecate the rather heated sparring and criticism which have been passing between the Nationalist and Capital, both stalwarts in the same cause.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

In the Telegram of last week appears an article, very long, very ornate, and containing a great many fine words, headed "the fundamental fallacy of prohibition." For the purpose of saving space and getting it into tangible shape, we condense into a few words what occupies nearly two columns, thereby stating its argument much more clearly and forcibly than amidst its original haze as follows.

The general assumption that the traffic in intoxicating drinks is the cause of the evils of intemperance is the fundamental fallacy of prohibition. It does not hurt to buy or sell whiskey; it is only the drinking which does hurt. The traffic is no more the cause of intemperance than the traffic in playing cards is the cause of gambling. Neither the traffic nor the saloons increase the drinking except to a small degree. The suppression of the saloons is the wrong method. It is no fault of the saloons and dealers that men are intemperate. It is because of bad education. The only way and the sure way to do the business is to educate every person in so iron clad a manner that he or she won't drink.

Such is the Telegram's argument in a nut shell. It does not need any reply, but we suspect it will be a long while before men shall all be so educated that they will never yield to appetite, passion, or avarice, without the restraints of law.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Immediately after the issue of THE DAILY COURIER Monday, citizens began to look into the office to discuss the McAllister affair and never have we seen more earnest feeling displayed than in this case. Numerous propositions were made for his release; but before any of these could be carried into effect, another had taken the matter into his own hands and prompted by the whole-souled, generous, and noble spirit which always characterizes his action toward the poor and oppressed, went immediately to the jail and pledged his individual credit for the amount necessary to secure Mr. McAllister's release. This man was George W. Miller. On reading THE COURIER last evening, he picked up his hat and started out. In answer to his wife's inquiry as to where he was going, he answered "to jail." He said he would have the old gentleman out or stay there with him, and walking straight over, he secured his release. The old gentleman was profoundly grateful for the generosity and kindness which prompted the action and Mr. Miller retired to his home satisfied in the thought that he had made at least one family happy and their scanty fireside brighter. For this act, let alone the many other of like character which he is performing every week, George W. Miller is entitled to the gratitude of this community.

We believe that the law which countenances an act so manifestly unjust is wrong and should be repealed. Had the verdict been simply one of acquittal, no complaint would have been found; but how on earth a jury could find the prosecution to have been brought "without probable cause," thereby throwing the costs upon the old gentleman, is more than we can understand. The two little McAllister boys are manly, industrious little fellows and have been carriers for THE DAILY COURIER since its first issue. They have always been prompt, respectful, and courteous. They are always at something. When not carrying papers, they are blacking boots, doing odd chores, and ever on the watch to earn an honest penny honestly, and they always give value received in return. But above and beyond all is the fact that every penny thus earned is carefully saved and cheerfully and heartily given to help support their aged parentsin fact, since their father's health has grown poorer, they have become almost the sole and only support for the family, and the father and mother have grown to lean on them, and small as they are, they have been as faithful and loyal as any children parents were ever blessed with. Under such circumstances, when Frank came home all bruised up from a whipping such as the father had never found cause to administer, he was justly indignant. His parental affection for the boy was strong and his faith in him implicit. He at once turned to the law, visited the county attorney, and filed a compliant which he believed to be just. But the cold arm of the law is not guided by a parent's love, and the teacher was acquitted. Then goes this jury farther and say that his prosecution of the case was "without probable cause," and he goes to jail for trying to protect his child from treatment which he had never thought necessary to inflict.

Men have been arrested in Cowley County for horse stealing and acquitted, but we believe there is no record of the prosecuting witness having to pay the costs. There was certainly more evidence to this gentleman that his boy had been mistreated than in the mere circumstantial evidence under which men are frequently arrested.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Judge Buckman is much incensed at our article of Monday on the McAllister incarceration as doing him, the officers, and the jury gross injustice. He instructed the jury that they might bring in either of four forms of verdict, embracing "guilty," "not guilty," and "not guilty and the prosecution was malicious or without probable cause." The jury selected the latter form, striking out the words, "malicious or" and leaving it reading, "not guilty and the prosecution was without probable cause." The verdict made it the duty of the justice under the law to tax the costs to the prosecuting witness, and to commit him to jail unless he should pay the costs or give sufficient bond that the cost should be paid in thirty days. Both of these McAllister positively refused to do. This was Saturday night. The justice took the risk to release him on his parole to appear before him on Monday morning. On Monday McAllister still refused and the justice had no other way but to pay the costs himself or commit McAllister to jail. He did the latter. The jury seem to have intended, by striking out the word "malicious" in their verdict, to release the prosecuting witness from the costs and yet to emphasize their verdict of acquittal. When we suggested to the justice that he ought to have instructed the jury as to the effect of their verdict in case they found "without probable cause," we were answered that "the jury had no business to know what would be the effect of their verdict. It was their business to find the facts in accordance to the evidence and without reference to the consequences." This may be law but it is not common sense or justice, and we observe that district courts instruct juries in that particular and that it is a cause for peremptory challenge if a juryman believes the effect of a verdict of guilty will be too severe on the defendant. We hold that the sole object of the law concerning such verdicts was to enable the jury to pass upon the question whether the prosecuting witness should be taxed with the costs and jail until he paid them, and they should have been instructed as to the effect of each form of a verdict. They needed to know the effect of the words "without probable cause," as much as they needed to know the effect of the words "guilty" or "not guilty." We observe, too, that it is getting to be the style in some states and cases that the jury shall not only find the verdict but pass the sentence.

But we did not intend to reflect on Judge Buckman or do him injustice. We have every confidence in his judgment, his devotion to justice and duty, and in his kindness of heart.

The jurymen were among the soundest, most intelligent, and honorable men in the community, but they were not lawyers and did not profess to be versed in the law. We do not believe they intended to tax the costs to the defendant to the amount of seventy-seven dollars and send him to jail until paid. In fact, some of them have told us so. They merely intended to emphasize the verdict of not guilty by using the form they did and struck out "malicious" to avert the costs from the complaining witness; but it did not have that effect, and the old man went to jail. It is probable too that if any of the jury did know the effect of such a verdict, they did not know the condition of the man and family of the complaining witness, but all agreed by their verdict that it was not a malicious prosecution and, presumably, that he ought not to be taxed with the costs.

THE COURIER complained of nothing but the outrage of sending the man to jail, did not believe he would be sent to jail until he actually went. It was then that it kicked. It did not kick at any one in particular but at the outrage and at anyone or anything that might be to blame in any way. It does not see that it has done anyone injustice, but if it has, we want to remedy it. Its main object was to liberate the old man and in that it succeeded. The old man was freed the same evening and the costs are disposed of without depriving his family of their only means of subsistence during winter.

We approve of the verdict of acquittal. We do not think the defendants ought to have been convicted. Had the verdict been simply "not guilty" and nothing else, we think no injustice would have been done. We do not blame the teacher. We think she tried to do her duty properly in very trying circumstances. We sympathize with her in the distress which we know she has suffered on account of this trouble, more real to her than to anyone else except the father of the boy. We should be very slow to prosecute a teacher unless indeed it were a very serious case accompanied by malice. Our confidence in that teacher is not disturbed in the least. It is a tradition amounting to common law that teachers should inflict corporeal punishment on refractory pupils and it is too much to expect of any young girl to stem the tide of custom in such a case. She thought she had to do as she did. She did not understand the boy she was dealing with and we think erred in judgment as to the proper kind and amount of punishment.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Great stories of gold discovery come from Alaska, and that bleak region, after all, may prove worth far more than the $7,200,000 which was paid to Russia for it. Should the tales of gold be realized, Alaska, by bringing down the value of gold, may greatly contribute to a solution of the currency question.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The Davis family is numerous in the newspaper business. There seems to be about eighty-seven of them running newspapers in Kansas, besides a large sprinkling in Nebraska; and they are all either Democrats or cranks. Leavenworth Times.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

It is said Samuel J. Tilden, the sage of Greystone and the seer of Gramercy, has contributed $750,000 to the Democratic party for campaign purposes within the last ten years: and heaps of advice. The money has always been accepted.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

There are some who are trying to make a superior military record for Gen. McClellan by saying he was a second cousin of Lord Clyde, better known as Sir Colin Campbell, the hero of the Indian-Sepoy mutiny.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The Republican senators evidently are going to assume a fair attitude towards Mr. Cleveland's appointments, and assist him from being deceived by his party, as he claims he has been quite often.


A Complete List of the Teachers of Cowley County.

Their Districts and P. O. Addresses.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

1 Laura Barnes, Winfield.

3 T E Underhill, Mulvane.

5 Frank McClellan, Dexter.

5 Eva Reynolds, Dexter.

5 Laura Phelps, Dexter.

6 Ella Johnston, Grenola.

7 J R Smith, Torrance.

8 J W Warren, Oxford.

9 A J McClellan, Winfield.

10 Jno C Snyder, Hackney.

11 Chas J Wing, Udall.

12 Anna E Barnes, Winfield.

13 J W Campf, Seeley.

14 H G Norton, Torrance.

14 Emma L McKee, Torrance.

14 Mattie Rittenhouse, Torrance.

15 H F Alberts, Cambridge.

15 Jennie Weaverling, Cambridge.

16 F M Koons, Cambridge.

18 F E Craven, Atlanta.

19 J H Singleton, Wilmot.

20 W V Williams, Floral.

20 Carrie Plunkett, Floral.

21 R B Corson, Winfield.

22 Jennie Brengle, Wilmot.

23 J C Bradshaw, Rock.

24 H S Wallace, Rock.

25 Hattie Andrews, Rock.

26 C S Parcell [?Parsell], Akron.

27 W E Augerman, Seeley.

28 Millie A Taylor, Silverdale.

29 O M Akers, Rock.

30 H F Powell, Burden.

31 Harry Bryan, Kellogg.

32 E E Stiverson, Arkansas City.

33 C F Perkins, Arkansas City.

34 Mary S Theaker, Arkansas City.

35 Zoe Kephart, Arkansas City.

36 Alfred Wing, Arkansas City.

37 Lida Howard, Winfield.

38 Libbie Hutchinson, Dexter.

39 W H Lucas, New Salem.

40 Anna Mark, Winfield.

41 Lottie Wolf, Winfield.

42 Celina Bliss, Winfield.

43 W. P. Beaumont, Winfield.

44 Flora Sumpter, Tannehill.

45 Oliver P Fuller, Winfield.

46 F P Vaughn, Tisdale.

47 W H Funk, Tisdale.

48 Maggie Kinnie, Winfield.

49 Anna Kuhn, Winfield.

50 M A Cronk, Kellogg.

51 R B Overman, Winfield.

52 A R Carroll, New Salem.

53 L B Hart, Arkansas City.

54 Lucy Hite, Dexter.

55 F E Haughey, New Salem.

56 Lenna Taplin, Dexter.

57 Lottie Wilkins, Grand Summit.

58 W E Ketcham, Maple City.

59 Annie Chapin, Hackney.

60 Ruth A Kennaday, Polo.

61 Maggie Stansberry, Oxford.

62 J W McConnell, Arkansas City.

64 Haidie Trezise, Winfield.

65 Mollie E Cogdall, Winfield.

66 J H Benson, Cedarvale.

68 Ella S Kelly, Winfield.

69 H Kimbell [?], Arkansas City.

70 C P Hendershot, Cloverdale.

71 J W Campbell, Udall.

71 Anna Campbell, Udall.

71 Lida Strong, Udall.

72 G W Weaks, Udall.

73 J C Martindale, Rock.

74 Belle Bush, Rock.

75 T L Shaffer, Winfield.

76 C A Shively, Burden.

77 John Stevenson, Winfield.

78 Allie Harden, Burden.

78 Mary Manser, Burden.

78 Lillie Lyle, Burden.

78 Edie Young, Burden.

79 Bertha Olmstead, Geuda.

80 C W Powell, Arkansas City.

81 Clara Green, Akron.

82 H F Powell, Dexter.

83 J P Hosmer, Cedarvale.

85 Mrs. Wells, Maple City.

86 S F Overman, Otto.

87 J A Stockdale, Cloverdale.

88 Lon Jarvis, Torrance.

89 C F Cunningham, Arkansas City.

90 P L Alderson, Burden.

91 Hattie Daniels, Red Bud.

92 T J Baker, New Salem.

93 Sadie Pickering, Arkansas City.

94 F R Pennybaker, Box.

95 Grant Wilkins, Cambridge.

96 M R Arnett, Arkansas City.

97 Mollie Dalgarn, New Salem.

98 Viola Winters, Maple City.

99 J W Briscoe, Winfield.

101 D C Simons, Grand Summit.

102 J W Mason, Otto.

103 R B Hunter, Atlanta.

104 D W Ramage, Cambridge.

105 W B Holland, Wilmot.

106 W H Garrett, Winfield.

107 J W. Mannahan [?], Cedarvale.

108 Cora Beach, Winfield.

108 S J Shively, Burden.

110 A D Marble, Otto.

111 F N Chaplin, Maple City.

112 Hattie Utley, Cambridge.

113 John L Ballard, Box.

114 James Walker, Rock.

115 E W Ewing, Hackney.

116 Willie Combs, Winfield.

118 Alice Wheeler, Cambridge.

119 W F Weigle, Burden.

120 Alonzo Wilkins, Cambridge.

121 W H Johnson, Atlanta.

122 Alma Rogers, Rock.

123 L M Dalgarn, New Salem.

124 Hattie Tapley, Dexter.

125 Lottie Eveleigh, Akron.

126 Anna Baker, Atlanta.

127 Claude Rinker, Winfield.

128 Cora Robbins, Winfield.

129 U A Sartin, Cedarvale.

131 Mollie Conrod, Arkansas City.

132 Alice G Standiford, Dexter.

133 Ella Hunt, Winfield.

134 S E Gillett, Atlanta.

137 Levi Turney, Udall.

138 Clara Barnett, Winfield.

139 Eva B Preston, Geuda.

139 Lida A Taylor, Geuda.

140 Hattie Brown, Dexter.

141 R A Boys, Arkansas City.

142 Belle Bartgis, Cedarvale.

143 Geo Hosmer, Cedarvale.

144 A H Snyder, Winfield.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Our transient e. c. has given up the druggist's Probate record, in which he was so assiduous. It cost too much and his cheek in stealing from THE COURIER has received such sad blows that he accepts the inevitable and quite entirely. Poor fossil, with its big prohibition boasts. News of value to intelligent readers and of benefit to any great cause costs money and midnight toil. In these e. c. is minus. THE COURIER, the while, marches on with the enterprise it inaugurated, publishing monthly the hospital record as indicated by the county druggist's filings with the Probate Judge. THE COURIER's publication of this record has been one of the biggest levers in favor of prohibition ever exerted in the county. We will continue to show up the record, of some of the druggists kick and the expense and labor did sour on poor e. c., who realizes another unsuccessful attempt to ape the leading paper of Southern Kansas. An honest druggist has nothing to fearthe kicks of dishonest ones are the surest indication of the efficacy of the publication.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.


By actual count we have Six Hundred and Forty Ladies', Misses and Children's Cloaks and Newmarkets. We are very anxious to part with some or all of them and to do so we have marked them down to a mere nominal price. Ladies, call in and look at them. You will be astonished to see such elegant tailor-made garments. Splendid fitting and the latest style garments at these prices. We have a few Plush Coats, Ottomans and

Matlassee Newmarkets,

on which we've made big sacrifices. We also have some very fine white Blankets which we've marked down very low. To make this sale more interesting to everyone we will sell you

Germantown wool at 8 cts.

Zephyr per skein, 5 cts.

Please call and we'll convince you of the ABOVE FACTS. Respectfully,


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.


We take Pleasure in announcing that we have received, this week


In every department and can show you in


New Goods: Full Suits at $5, $6, $8 and $10; Nice Dress Suits at $12.50 to $20.00; Boys' Suits from $3 to $10; Children's Suits and Overcoats from $2.00 to $4.50; Men's


At $2.50, $5.00, $6.00, $7.50, $8.50 and $10.00. We give these figures from our stock


Do not be deceived by Coat Sale on old Shelf Worn Goods. We have the largest and best Line of


Ever offered to the trade in this section. Good, heavy Knit Shirts or Drawers at .20, .50, .75 and $1. If you will consult your interests you will examine this stock of


A full line of wove, Half-Hosiery. Silk and Linen Handkerchiefs and Mufflers. Fur wove, Buck, Kid and Doeskin GlovesFleece-lined Gloves at the very lowest prices. Men's, Boy's, and Children's Chinchilla and other caps. Now is the time to make your purchases and select your presents from elegant lines of Fine Goods. We claim the largest stock of new goods ever seen in Winfield. You are Respectfully invited to join the good people of the City and County, in the benefits derived from purchasing Clothing, Hats and Furnishing Goods from the only


Come and Examine for Yourself.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.


People of Winfield and Vicinity throng our store every day to profit by our

Great Sacrifice Sale



We have been here so long and are so well known that the


People know what to expect when we make such an offer and they profit by it.

Since we commenced this


Our cash receipts have far Exceeded our Expectations.

Be not Deceived by "Cheap John" Advertisements.

Come where you know you will get just what we Promise.

J. S. MANN, The Leading Clothier.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Clothing! Clothing!




Dry Goods, Notions, Boots & Shoes

is in, and our room is crowded with goods. Parties needing Clothing can be supplied at a very low price. We have a full line and splendid assortment of

Men's and Boys' Clothing

and can fit the biggest man as well as the smallest boy, and hope that everybody needing anything in the Clothing line will come and see me.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.


He has Started Somewhat earlier this year, and making Winfield first, went down S. KLEEMAN'S Chimney with his immense


And being overloaded, left with him the




With Particular instruction for him to Dispense them to the Appreciative public at


This Mr. Kleeman is now doing, and invites you to Inspect SANTA CLAUS' work at Headquarters.


Our Cloak Department is still full of Novelties which are being sold at greatly Reduced prices. In Dress Goods, Blankets, Flannels and staple Dry Goods, we offer the best goods for the Least Money.




FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The local markets have been very quiet since the snow fall, but with the bright sun and thaw opens up, briskly. Hogs bring $3.00 to $3.25 per cwt.; corn 29 to 31 cents per bushel; hay $4.00 per ton; eggs 29 cents per dozen; butter 20 cents per pound, and chickens 4 cents per pound. The small produce market is pretty active.


Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

William June has filed his first annual account as administrator of the partnership estate of Green & June, the former deceased.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Tom Johnson returned from a trip to the western counties yesterday. He thinks it will be only a question of time when the wild and wooly west will be all right.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Williams, the druggist, is alive to the latest and best novelties. He has one now in a money changer that does the work to perfection by machinery. It is well worth seeing.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Chas. Currier, Leavenworth, U. S. Marshal, came in today for John Watkins, who has just finished a whiskey sentence in our bastille and will now be tried on a U. S. indictment.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Lewis Geizer and Lizzie Rudolph got the document from Judge Gans yesterday that will cement two hearts with but a single thought. He lives in Beaver township and the bride is recently from Leavenworth County.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Messrs. H. A. and J. H. Miller, two of the intelligent farmers of Richland township, were doing the railroad center Tuesday. By the way, the Millers in this county are a very prominent feature of THE COURIER subscription list.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Senator Ed Hewins, of Cedarvale, was in the city today, returning from Kingman. The Senator is one of the ablest men of the Kansas legislature, and prominent for years as one of Chautauqua's denizens. He is one of Kansas' Cattle Kings.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

D. L. Kretsinger et al have been sailing around with the petitions calling the bridge bond election. No trouble is experienced and plenty of signatures will be secured in a day or two. The council will likely convene in special session and call the elections as early as possible.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Thomas Lynch, one of Frank Sydal's harness makers, came in from Caldwell yesterday. He saw the body of Noyes, as it dangled from the beam in the stock yards. He also saw a cowboy on the train, coming out from Caldwell, who was butchered up terribly and claimed to have been waylaid in Caldwell the night before. Some connected this cowboy's condition with the hanging of the night before. The general belief is that there was a council of war during the four hours between Noyes's leaving home and the supposed hour of his hanging.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

G. S. Goodnight, an old citizen of Dexter township, died a few days since. He went to Wichita and in his meanderings got a fall that bruised and fractured his wrist. He thought little of it till he got home, when the swelling and pain became burdensome. Remedies were applied without effect, and last Friday he had the arm amputated below the elbow. But his blood had been badly poisoned and he lived scarcely twenty-four hours after the amputation. He was a highly respected citizen, and his peculiar death causes deep regret. He leaves a wife and eight children. He was about forty-eight years old.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Capt. Nipp got in last night from a two weeks visit with his daughter, Mrs. I. K. Berry, at Ashland. The Captain says Ashland has made a wonderful growth and is now a sprightly little city of six hundred inhabitants, with three newspapers and a metropolitan air most creditable. Ashland has many formerly of Winfield folks, whom the Captain reports as prospering finely. The approaching winter has lessened the western influx, but great things are expected with the opening of spring. Veteran and Richfield, the latest results of Winfield enterprise in developing the new west, are also flourishing finely and have bright futures.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

One of the pleasantest parties of the season assembled at the hospitable home of Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Hunt last Saturday evening to celebrate the thirtieth anniversary of their wedding. The spacious rooms were well filled and the host and hostess were everywhere present with their careful attentions which, seconded by Miss Anna, made the enjoyment complete. During the evening the Rev. Mr. Reider was brought forward and in a neat and appropriate speech presented to the host and hostess a beautiful set of silverware as a testimonial of the high appreciation of the contributors for the recipients, accompanied by a card with the compliments of the following: Mr. and Mrs. R. E. Wallis, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Cooper, Mr. and Mrs. Jno. Keck, Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Hickok, Mrs. Whitney, Mrs. McClellan, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Dr. and Mrs. T. H. Elder, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Shearer, Mr. and Mrs. N. J. Young, Rev. and Mrs. Reider, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Schuler, Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Silliman, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Soward, Mr. and Mrs. Col. Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Brown, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Albro, Mr. and Mrs. M. G. Troup, Mr. and Mrs. E. D. Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. D. Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. G. L. Rinker, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Dalton, Mr. and Mrs. Sam Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Johnston, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Mann, Mr. and Mrs. Jno. Crane, Mr. and Mrs. H. S. Silver, Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Hendricks, Mr. and Mrs. Jas. McDermott, Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Arment, Mr. and Mrs. G. S. Manser, Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Handy, Mr. and Mrs. C. Collins, Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Pickens, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. McGraw, Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Friend, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Crippen, Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Wallace, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Carson, Dr. and Mrs. W. T. Wright, Mr. and Mrs. C. D. Austin. This silver tea set embraced cake basket, berry dish, six teaspoons, and sugar spoon. Dr. and Mrs. Geo Emerson, pearl card case. Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt, silver fruit dish.

Capt. Hunt responded as happily as the emotions of this surprise would permit.

A magnificent collation was placed before the guests, which was highly enjoyed, and after music and other entertainments, the party dispersed with many thanks to their entertainers for the pleasures of the evening. Those present were: Mr. and Mrs. R. E. Wallis, Mr. and Mrs. H. S. Silver, Mr. and Mrs. John Keck, Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Hickok, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Silliman, Mr. and Mrs. Col. Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Handy, Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Carson, Mr. and Mrs. C. D. Austin, Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Wallace, Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Arment, Dr. and Mrs. W. T. Wright, Mrs. McClellan, Mrs. Whitney, r. and Mrs. A. E. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Schuler, Mr. and Mrs. E. D. Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Shearer, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Soward, Rev. and Mrs. J. H. Reider, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. G. S. Manser, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Brown, Mr. and Mrs. M. G. Troupe, Mr. and Mrs. James McDermott, Mr. and Mrs. Jno. Crane, Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Hendricks, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Dr. and Mrs. T. H. Elder, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. McRaw, Mr. and Mrs. Elbert Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Dr. and Mrs. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. C. Collins, Mr. and Mrs. Spencer Bliss, Mrs. J. A. Cooper, Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

G. C. Wallace, corner 10th and Main, is just unpacking Christmas goods, consisting of ten sets of fine gold band and decorated china tea sets, lamps, decorated chamber sets, etc., and will sell them at bottom prices.


The Township Committees Meet and Arrange Propositions.

Some Convincing Figures.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The committees, appointed at the citizens' meeting, to work up the submitting of propositions for the extension of the Florence El Dorado & Walnut railroad from Douglass to Winfield, met yesterday afternoon in McDougall's hall to determine on the apportionment of the amount of aid asked. Judge T. H. Soward called the meeting to order. S. P. Strong was chosen chairman and W. J. Wilson, Secretary. M. L. Robinson then explained the object of the meeting, to get everything in readiness for aggressive work in submitting the propositions and securing this road. The townships through which the road will run were represented as follows.

Rock: S. P. Strong, H. F. Hornaday, E. J. Wilbur, and W. H. Grow.

Fairview: J. C. Paige and T. C. Covert.

Walnut: J. C. Roberts, J. B. Corson, John Mentch, T. A. Blanchard, J. Anderson, W. D. Roberts, and E. M. Reynolds.

Winfield: H. H. Siverd, J. A. Eaton, D. L. Kretsinger, Col. Whiting, T. H. Soward, B. T. Davis, M. L. Robinson, S. J. Smock, G. H. Crippen, J. E. Conklin, W. P. Hackney, G. L. Gale, Chas. Schmidt, W. J. Wilson, Ed P. Greer, H. E. Asp, A. H. Limerick, F. C. Hunt, and J. W. Curns.

Judge T. H. Soward then came forward with figures, taken directly from the official records of the county, that will knock the winds out of the "burdensome taxation" growler, should he attempt to display himself. They are conclusive evidence that the voting of bonds to secure this railroad is not a burden.

Here are the figures.


The assessed valuation 1885: $132,800.00

Tax levy of 1885 except school and road: $2,184.80

Interest on $18,000 bonds asked for at 6 per cent: $1,080.00

Valuation with proposed road bed: $178,300.00

The present rate of taxation on township with road, will produce: $3,137.98

Tax to be raised with interest on bonds: $3,264.89

Difference and amount to be raised: $226.91


Assessed valuation 1885: $16,335.00

Tax levy 1885 except school and road: $1,844.15

Interest on $19,000 bonds asked for, 6 per cent: $600.00

Valuation with proposed road bed: $183,835.00

Present rate of taxation with road bed will produce: $3,143.77

Total tax, with interest on bonds: $2,444.15

Difference in favor of township: $699.62


Assessed valuation 1885: $231,328.00

Tax levy 1885 except school and road: $3,642.51

Interest on $15,000 bonds asked: $900.00

Valuation with proposed road bed: $365,838.00

Same rate taxation will produce: $5,229.82

Total tax with interest on bonds: $4,542.51

Difference in favor of township: $687.37


Windsor township in 1879 had a valuation of $73,129.09

Valuation 1881 with S. K. R. R.: $193,153.00

Increase in valuation: $120,024.00

Maple township, 1879, had a valuation of $70,307.00

Valuation 1881, with R. R.: $90,278.00

Increase in valuation: $20,000.00

These figures prove conclusively that the increase of valuation by the advent of railroads pays the bonds with a sinking fund. There is no burden involved in the voting of aid to railroads. And when you add to the road itself the big increase of values through railroad facilities, transportation, convenience, etc., the benefit is incalculable.

J. C. Paige, T. C. Covert, W. P. Hackney, and W. H. Grow made pointed remarks. It was decided to submit propositions to Rock for $18,000; Walnut $15,000; Fairview $10,000; Winfield $17,000, making the $60,000 required for the extension. Committees were appointed to canvass and work up the propositions, as follows.

Rock: G. H. Williams, R. Booth, Sr., S. P. Strong, H. F. Hornaday, W. H. Grow, J. M. Harcourt, and E. J. Wilber.

Fairview: Tom Covert, J. C. Paige, H. C. Schock, J. W. Douglass, J. M. Barrick, R. P. Burt, A. J. McCollum.

Walnut: T. A. Blanchard, John Mentch, J. P. Short, John C. Roberts, W. D. Roberts, E. M. Reynolds, Chas. Schmidt.

The propositions are now being printed, and in a few days will be ready for signatures. The benefit of this extension is potent in every thinking man, and little opposition will be experienced.


The Ninth Avenue and Bliss & Wood Bridges.

Vernon and Winfield to Bond $16,000 to Build Them.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The Rulers of the city met in regular semi-monthly conclave Monday night. Present: Mayor Graham and Councilmen Connor, Jennings, Myers, Crippen, Hodges, Baden, and Harter; absent, Councilman McDonald.

Petition to remove drays from Main street or raise license to $50 was postponed.

J. W. Randall granted building permit for lot 8, block 110.

Petition of the Winfield Water Company, J. B. Lynn, Bliss & Wood, L. W. Kimball, J. W. Sickles, Blanche M. Sickles, C. J. Moore, J. Stretch, and R. B. Waite to have certain territory brought into the city, was granted.

Dray license of G. W. Crowell, $7.50, was remitted.

Request of Henry Brown to allow merchants to keep gasoline in their cellars was postponed.

The following bills were ordered paid.

H. L. Thomas, crossings, $46.25.

J. W. Thomas, stone for crossings, $94.65.

Horning & Whitney, supplies, $3.85.

Frank W. Finch, board city prisoners, $6.80.

City officers salaries, $129.08.

J. C. McMullen, rent Fire Dept. buildings, $25.

Wm. Moore & Sons, stone, $34.75.

The orders of H. L. Thomas and J. W. Thomas and Wm. Moore & Sons, $13.47, are not to be paid till February 1, 1886.

Pauper claims of A. B. Arment, $10, coffin for Grissom, and Hands & Gary, removing Albert Carlo to poor house, $2, were sent to County Commissioners for payment.

Messrs. H. H. Martin, trustee, J. M. Householder, clerk, and William Carter, treasurer, of Vernon township appeared before the Council to confer in relation to building the bridge across the Walnut at the west end of Ninth Avenue and at Bliss & Wood's mill. After consideration and full discussion, the following resolution was passed.

"Resolved, That it is the sense of this council that the city of Winfield shall vote $7,500 in bonds and that Vernon township vote $4,000 in bonds, to build a bridge across the Walnut at the west end of 9th avenue, on the J. F. Martin county road, and that the city of Winfield vote $4,500 to building a bridge across the Walnut at Bliss & Wood's mill, on the site of the old bridge."

The city attorney was instructed to get up the petitions. It was declared to be the sense of the counsel that the 9th avenue bridge be kept in repair by Vernon township and Winfield in proportion to the yearly assessed valuation of each.

Councilmen Crippen, Connor, and Myers were appointed to examine the plans of the city building.

Have changed "McAlister" into "McAllister" as the reporter on this article did not spell the name correctly...


Miss Pearson and W. G. Vizey Acquitted of the Charge of Brutally Whipping

A Pupil.Judge Buckman's Jury Charge.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The case of the state against Maud Pearson, teacher in the first Intermediate department of the Central Ward schools, and W. J. Vizey, charging her with brutally chastising Frank McAllister, a pupil, and Vizey, with assisting, was concluded at five o'clock Saturday evening. The jury, being out only twenty minutes, brought in a verdict of acquittal, finding that the case was brought without probable cause and throwing the costs on the prosecuting witness, John McAllister, father of the boy. The trial consumed two days, was largely attended and created exciting interest among all teachers and parents. All agreed that a conviction, even though the evidence had warranted it, would have been very demoralizing to the schools. It would have been a big incentive to obstreperous pupils, and greatly detrimental to good school government. The verdict, however, would have been much more satisfactory had it been a simple acquittal and left the costs to the State. Mr. McAllister is a poor man, unable to pay the costs over a hundred dollars. The law requires jail commitment until the costs are squared. There is little doubt that McAllister was conscientious in his prosecution. His investigation was not wide enough. He took too heavily the story of the boy, as the evidence in the case was given in THE COURIER Saturday, it is unnecessary to repeat it here. The charge of Judge Buckman to the jury is one that every teacher, parent, and responsible pupil should read. It contains information that all should possess.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Now the tramps are immigrating. The night freights on the S. K. bring in from five to a dozen nightly. The S. K. appears to have a spite at Winfield. It lets the tramps ride till they reach here and then bounces them teetotally. Marshal McFadden and Night watch McLain have a tough time getting the peregrinating Sons of Guns corralled every night. But they succeed in making the "git up and git" on the double quick. They don't stay here more than a day at best. Our atmosphere don't agree with their odorous and empty condition.


The Florence, Eldorado & Walnut Rail Road to be Extended to Winfield.

Machine Shops, Etc.


Another Big Enterprise for the Advancement of the Queen City of Southern Kansas.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

When it comes to the advancement of Winfield and Cowley County, our people are a unit. Enterprise, energy, and grit have put our county and city far in advance of any others in all fair Kansas and will continue to do so. Winfield is destined to be the great metropolis of Southern Kansas, one of the big commercial and educational cities of the big west. With citizens of rare intelligence, progress, and vim, with natural surroundings and possibilities unexcelled, she can be nothing else. The enthusiasm of our businessmen in securing enterprises for the advancement of our city was forcibly exhibited last night in the rousing meeting for the consideration of the extension of the Florence, Eldorado & Walnut railroad, owned by the Santa Fe Co. The meeting was called to order by M. L. Robinson. W. G. Graham was chosen chairman and W. J. Wilson, Secretary. Mr. Robinson then explained the object of the meeting, and read letters from A. A. Robinson, General manager of the Santa Fe, agreeing to extend this road from Douglass to Winfield for $3,000 a mile, reserving only the necessity of erecting an independent depot here, the road to either connect with the Wichita & Southwestern at the junction just over the Walnut bridge and run into the Santa Fe depot, or cross the S. K. just east of, and using, that depot. The intention is a union depot here for the Southern Kansas, Wichita & Southwestern and Florence, Eldorado & Walnut railroads. The Santa Fe is determined to push through the Territory, which right of way it has already secured, at once. The extension will be made from Winfield, with the machine shops, roundhouse, etc., for this southern division and the roads of southern Kansas, at this place. An editorial elsewhere explains the requirements and advantages fully. Enthusiastic speeches were made last night in favor of this and other enterprises by Rev. B. Kelly, Henry E. Asp, T. H. Soward, Senator Jennings, John A. Eaton, and John McGuire. Committees were appointed as follows to see that this matter is properly worked up.

Winfield: Capt. Nipp, J. E. Conklin, D. L. Kretsinger, C. Schmidt, Col. Whiting, J. A. Eaton, and A. H. Doane.

Walnut: J. B. Corson, J. B. Short, J. C. Roberts, T. A. Blanchard, and W. D. Roberts.

Fairview: M. C. Headrick, J. C. Paige, A. H. Limerick, J. W. Douglas, and T. S. Covert.

Rock: G. L. Gale, G. H. Williams, H. F. Hornaday, E. J. Wilber, J. M. Harcourt, S. P. Strong, J. P. Holmes, and John Stalter.

Every movement must have money back of it to insure its success. This and other enterprises needing agitation take money. Contributions were called for to be placed in the hands of the Winfield Enterprise Association for use in submitting these railroad propositions and any other progressive enterprise for which the Association sees necessity. Over $500 was subscribed as follows.

Farmers Bank, $50; First National Bank, $50; Hackney & Asp, $50; T. H. Soward, $25; A. H. Doane, $15; Harris, Clark & Huffman, $15; F. S. Jennings, $15; Curns & Manser, $10; H. Brown & Son, $10; Jennings & Bedilion, $15; Thos. McDougall, $10; H. G. Fuller & Co., $10; Cash, $10; G. L. Gale, $5; Col. Whitney, $5; Ed. Weitzel, $5; C. Schmidt, $5; H. T. Shivvers, $5; J. G. Kraft, $5; G. H. Buckman, $5; W. J. Wilson, $5; W. G. Graham, $5; Dr. C. Perry, $5; W. L. Morehouse, $5; J. P. Baden, $5; G. B. Shaw & Co., $5; Sol. Burkhalter, $5; Hendricks & Wilson, $5; Dr. Pickens, $5; E. F. Blair, $5; Mrs. E. J. Huston, $5; W. S. Mendenhall, $5; John W. Dix, $5; Gregg & Rice, $5; E. P. Young, $5; J. B. Farnsworth, $5; J. E. Conklin, $5; A. F. Hopkins, $5; V. W. Baird, $5; John McGuire, $5; A. E. Baird, $5; W. C. Root, $5; A. C. Bangs, $5; H. E. Silliman, $5; Bertram & Bertram, $5; Daniel Taylor, $5; W. C. Robinson, $5; W. F. Bowen, $5; R. B. Waite, $5; T H Group, $5; Frank W. Finch, $2.50; Stafford & Hite, $2.50; A. Gridley, Jr., $2.50; Frank Manny, $2.50; W. H. Dawson, $2.50; A. DeTurk, $2.50; D. Gramm, $2.50; W. B. Cayton, $2.50; Geo. L. Gray, $2.50; I. W. Cook, $2.50; D. L. Kretsinger, $2.50; W. W. Limbocker, $2.50; Sol Frederick, $2.50; F. J. Barnes, $2.50; John Stretch, $2.50; W. L. Pridgeon, $1.00; E. I. Crary, $1.00; J. D. Appleby, $1.00; T. B. Ware, $1.00; R. B. Mitchell, $1.00; J. A. Barr, $1.00; R. Taggart, $1.00.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Near Kellogg is one of the most dangerous crossings on the S. K. railroad. The main road crosses the track in a twelve foot cut, the approaches being very steep. Thursday morning, a farmer whose name, so far, we have been unable to obtain, started to cross the track at this place. He had ample time to make it, but, when the team got in the cut, they saw the train coming down the track, shied off, and started down the track with a twelve foot perpendicular bank on either side of them for a hundred yards. There was no escape and soon the engine dashed into the wagon, demolishing it, and injuring one horse so fatally that a passenger put it out of its misery with a bullet. The other horse was badly hurt, but will perhaps recover. The man saw the imperative fate in time to jump and save his life. The man knew the train was coming, took the risk, and can probably get no damages.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The District Court convened yesterday morning, with Judge Torrance on the bench and the full bar present. The cases of the State vs. W. I. Burge, Newton Knowles, John Clark, William Brumine, R. R. H. McGinnis, John Otto, and James Baxter were continued to the next term.

State vs. W. T. Edwardsdismissed for want of jurisdiction. This is a murder case, brought here on change of venue from Sumner County. The change was made over the objection of the defendant, which Judge Torrance holds illegal. William McDonald and Tom George, for the defense, and C. E. Elliott, deputy county attorney, appeared in this case. The case will not have to be tried over, in Sumner.

State vs. W. R. Smithdiscontinued on motion of county attorney.

C. F. Hutchins, attorney for the Equitable Life Insurance Co. of N. Y., presented bond and petition for the removal of the case of Frankie Morris, for $15,000 insurance on her mother's life, to the U. S. Circuit Court, which was granted.


Tom A. Blanchard is again bailiff and gets around with alacrity and precision.

G. M. Vandever, of Hutchinson, is here, appearing in the case of Belveal vs The Kansas Protective Union.

John A. Eaton, on examination by a committee composed of Henry E. Asp, Frank S. Jennings, and David C. Beach, was admitted to the bar, as a regular practitioner.

The docket this term shows 212 cases. It will keep the court on the jump to clear the docket.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Do you want to see Winfield the metropolis of Kansasthe great city her natural advantages entitle? Then go to the Court House tonight, prepare to get into the traces, and pull with a vim that brooks no defeat.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Big Bargains in books for young and old, at Goldsmith's.


Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

H. G. Norton Sundayed at home as usual.

Lou and Mattie were out sleighing Sunday.

Mr. Rittenhouse was in Winfield, Wednesday.

W. S. Rigden returned from the west Monday night.

Mr. Hull has been quite sick for some time, but is getting better.

Little Pearl Galloway has been sick for several days, but is getting better.

Will B. Taylor left for his home in Sparta, Illinois, Friday, never to return to these parts again. Before going he sold his cattle and household goods to John Carson.

There was spelling school at Torrance Friday night. After the spelling they organized a literary society, which will meet every Friday night. Let everybody come and help make it a success.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Whooping cough is raging among small children in this locality.

Mr. Tom Bryan has returned to his home in Kansas City.

Miss Carrie Salmon is visiting her sister, Mrs. Henderson.

L. B. Bullington and wife accompanied by Mrs. Hardwick spent a few days in Newton last week.

Miss Edith Holland, of Constant, will spend the winter with her brother, A. C. Holland, in this neighborhood.

The young folks have had a jolly time sleighing since the snow fall.

Miss Eva Reynolds is able to attend her school again.

Farmers are complaining of disease among their hogs, from which a great many are dying.

A little son of Mr. Snyder is, or has been, in a serious condition, caused from a wound on one of his limbs.

A child of Mr. Kirk, residing down Grouse, died last week, aged ten months.

J. R. Smith spent Saturday and Sunday with his parents in Winfield.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Items are scarce.

Mrs. Douglass had gone home.

The series of meetings have closed for the present.

Mr. and Mrs. Lucas are entertaining a fine new boy.

Mrs. Gilmore spent several days in Burden last week.

"Oh bless me ain't it pleasant sleighing with the girls?

Mr. Ford can shoe your horses in good shape. Give him a call.

Mr. Ed Condert has returned from his visit to Cherryvale friends.

Rev. Bicknell is again on the sick list, and Rev. Hopkins has not recovered.

"Olivia" and sister spent a few days in the metropolis recently and had a fine time.

Dr. Downs is still in the west and Mrs. Downs is at the parental home during the Doctor's absence.

The M. E. Sunday School will have a Christmas tree, and the young people will have a grand time.

New Salem is clothed in a mantle of purity and the boys have improvised sleights of various shapes and sizes.

"Olivia" begs pardon of the United Workmen for giving the G. A. R. the honor of their entertainment in last items. "Honor to whom honor is due."

Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Hoyland had all their children and grandchildren home to dinner on December 10th. The children of this couple numbered six, but one sleeps in the sleep that knows no waking, and of the fourteen grandchildren two are resting neath the sod. The parents of the married children were all present excepting Mr. Erickson, of Wisconsin. Other friends were also present and it is good to meet together in love and good will and partake of the bounties of Kansas, sent by a kind Father, and we hope and trust the circle may be an unbroken one in the happy home on high.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Mrs. Sarah Emery, of Illinois, is visiting her parents at this writing, Uncle Jos. Hassell.

Fred Arnold and wife were out sleighing Sunday and called on Wm. Schwantes and wife.

Wm. Schwantes has been selling some old wheat recently, getting 90 cents per bushel. Kansas markets are dull.

John Weakly has gone out west. Guess he has got the western fever, but think he will have to sell out here before he emigrates.

Supt. A. H. Limerick was visiting the Bethel school lately, and made the children a nice little speech, which seemed to please them very much.

Those that brag sunny Kansas up to be so mild through the winter will have to give under again. Nor is it as difficult to track a rabbit as some have talked.

Dakota Fowler, who went to Missouri so recently, reports a fine streak of luck, so I have been informed. He is teaching a band at $30 per month, and board thrown in. Glad to hear of old friends doing well.

Miss Howard seems prompt at her school these cold mornings, notwithstanding she has to drive from Winfield. She seems to be getting along nicely with her pupils. Miss Howard is a good teacher.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

In walking around town today we dropped into the Hardware and Stove House of I. W. Randall & Co., and found the firm up to their eyes in business. They are carrying an immense stock of Hardware and Stoves of all kinds, which they are selling at low prices. They believe in the rule of giving value received for every dollar spent with them. In addition to their Hardware and Stove business, they are doing an extensive plumbing business, gas fitting, and steam heating. They have taken some large contracts in this line, have just finished the plumbing in D. A. Millington's house, are also fitting up Col. McMullen and John A. Eaton's houses, and Farmers Bank and J. P. Short's buildings with Steam, Gas, and Water. Parties wanting work in this line should see these jobs; they speak for themselves.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Public Sale! Of grade Shorthorn cattle. I will offer for sale at public auction at my farm, 1 miles north and 1 mile west of Wilmot station, on the K. C. & S. W. Ry., and 12 miles northeast of Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas, on December 22nd, 1885, commencing at 11 o'clock a.m., 40 head of high grade short-horn heifers, one, two and three years old, all in calf by imported Galloway bull Black Prince of Nook, imported by A. B. Mathews, Kansas City, Missouri. Also one span of 5-year-old mares, 16½ hands high, bright bay color, weight 1300 each, good condition, both with foal by blooded horses. I have also 20 head of half- blood Galloway bull calves that I offer at private sale on same day. Terms of Sale: A credit of nine months will be given on all notes bearing bankable security and drawing 12 per cent per annum. A. T. Holmes, Wilmot, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Dr. Snediker brings the best financial references and indisputable evidence of his success in treating Rupture. Those who are afflicted cannot do better than to see him. He guarantees his treatment. At the Brettun December 15th to 22nd.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

For Rent. On and after March 1st, 1886, the southwest quarter of section 3, township 33, range 3, in Beaver township, owned by A. B. Story. A. H. Green, Agent.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The ladies of the Presbyterian Mite Society will give an oyster supper at Tisdale Friday evening, Dec. 18th. All are cordially invited.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

If you desire to give your classes Christmas presents, do not fail to call at the Dollar Store and examine our stock. We will give you the lowest prices in the city on Holiday goods.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Remember the Holidays are upon us. Remember the wants of the family, and then remember that these wants can be supplied at 813 MAIN STREET.

The wife and girls want Dress Goods; they want Cloaks and Shawls; they want Gloves', Hose, Hoods, and Underwear.

The whole family want Blankets.

The men and boys want Underwear, Gloves, and Socks, and I want to sell you all those articles and more. I want to sell you all your Holiday Goods, Towels, Tidies, Table Linens, Napkins, Ties, Collars, silk and linen Handkerchiefs, and an elegant line of fancy goods, jewelry, et.

Prices are no object, I want to sell you the goods and want to make a merry Xmas for ourselves and customers.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Adelphia Lodge No. 110, A. F. & A. M., elected its officers for 1886, last night, as follows: W. M., James McDermott; S. W., Q. A. Glass; J. W., H. H. Siverd; Tr., W. B. Graham; Sec., B. W. Trout. The installation occurs Wednesday evening of next week.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Having put in new machinery, we will grind your corn, oats, and wheat or exchange at any time. Good meal and feed on hand. Moore Bro.'s & Co.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

WHEREAS at a special meeting of the Township Board of the Township of Vernon, Cowley County, Kansas, the following proceedings were had and entered of record among the minutes of said Board: Now on


the Township Board, of the Township of Vernon, in the County of Cowley, and State of Kansas, convened in special session, there being present H. H. Martin, Trustee; J. M. Householder, Clerk; and William Carter, Treasurer, of said township, there was presented the petition signed by E. B. Gault and forty other voters of said Township, which said petition is in words and figures as follows to-wit:


To the Honorable Trustee, Treasurer and Clerk, of Vernon Township, Cowley County, Kansas:

We, the undersigned voters of Vernon Township, Cowley County, Kansas, would respectfully petition your Honorable body to submit the following proposition to the qualified voters of said Township, at a special election to be called for that purpose to-wit: Shall the Trustee, Treasurer and Clerk of Vernon Township, Cowley County, Kansas, issue the bonds of said township to the amount of Four Thousand ($4,000) dollars bearing interest at the rate of six per cent per annum. Interest payable semi-annually and running thirty (30) years, redeemable in ten (10) years at the option of said Township. Principal and interest payable at the fiscal agency of the State of Kansas in New York, for the purpose of building a public wagon bridge with approaches thereto in connection with the City of Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas, across the Walnut River, at a point between said City and Township where the J. F. Martin county road crosses said river. Said bridge to be constructed of iron and eighteen feet in width, with a double track and foot way. The said City of Winfield to also contribute the sum of Seven Thousand, Five Hundred ($7,500) dollars toward the construction of said bridge and approaches. And the Board after consideration of the matter set forth in said petition, and after being fully advised in the premises, grants the prayer thereof, and it is hereby ordered by said Township Board that a special election be held at the usual voting place in said Township, on

the 26th DAY OF JANUARY, 1886,

and that notice of said election be given by publication in the WINFIELD COURIER, a newspaper of general circulation in said Township, for three consecutive weeks, at which said election the proposition set forth in the above and foregoing petition shall be submitted to the consideration of the qualified voters of said Township.

Now therefore we, H. H. Martin, Trustee, J. M. Householder, Clerk, and William Carter, Treasurer, of said Vernon Township, Cowley County, Kansas, and the legally constituted Board of said Township, do hereby call and make know that there will be a special election at the usual voting place in said Township,

on the 26th day of JANUARY, 1886,

at which said election the proposition set forth in the above and foregoing petition and proceedings of said Board will be submitted to the consideration of the qualified voters of said Township. At which said election those voting in favor of said proposition shall have written or printed on their ballots: "For the Bridge Bonds," and those voting against said proposition shall have written or printed on their ballots: "Against the Bridge Bonds."

In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hands, in said township, this 16th day of December, 1885.

H. H. MARTIN, Trustee, J. M. HOUSEHOLDER, Clerk, WM. CARTER, Treasurer.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.




W. C. ROOT & CO.'S


We have Placed on This Counter

34 pairs Ladies' Cur, Kid Waukenphast Button Boots, Wright & Peters' make, $4.35. Former price $5.00

10 pairs Ladies' Cur Kid Waukenphast Button Boots, Reynolds Bros' make, $2.75 to $3.15.

3 pairs Ladies Cur Kid Cloth Top Button Boots, Reynolds Bros' make, $2.90. Former Price $3.50.

10 pairs Ladies' Dongold Best Make Button Boots, J. & T. Cousin's make, $4.00.

17 pairs Ladies' Cur Kid Button Boots, Zeigler Bros' make, $2.75 to $3.15.

11 pairs Ladies' Kid, Good Quality Button Boots, Zeigler Bros.' make, $2.70.

Be sure and examine these shoes before buying elsewhere as they

are the best goods in the city for the money.

W. C. ROOT & CO.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Recap. G. H. McIntire, Sheriff, to sell property on December 28, 1885, to satisfy Mary A. Buck, plaintiff, vs. Whitfield D. Mathews, Mary A. Mathews, Barth Curry, and James Bullen, Defendants.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Wm. B. Norman, Assignee of J. E. Coulter, assignor, Hackney & Asp, Attorneys for Assignee. Notice to creditors and all other persons interested in the estate of J. E. Coulter, assignor, notification that creditors will be satisfied in court adjustment of demands starting April 12, 1886, for two days at office of Clerk of the District Court.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Ella C. Blair, Administratrix, estate of Albert T. Shenneman, to make final settlement in the matter of the Estate of Albert T. Shenneman January 4, 1886.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Robert P. Vermilye, administrator with will annexed, Jennings & Troup, attorneys, notice of final settlement January 9, 1886.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

G. H. McIntire, Sheriff, to sell property to settle Carhart & Williams, Plaintiffs, vs. T. C. Sands, Defendant, January 11, 1886.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

G. H. McIntire, Sheriff, to sell property Monday, January 4, 1886, Eliza Reihl, Plaintiff, vs. Joseph Likowski, Defendant.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

Charles Dressel, one of the defendants, notified re Amos Dressel, Elizabeth Bryant, and John Bryant, Plaintiffs vs. Charles Dressel, Lewis Dressel, and August Dressel, and A. A. Jackson as guardian for Lewis Dressel and August Dressel, minors, Defendants. Petition to be answered by January 22, 1886, and judgement rendered re property.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 17, 1885.

The city draymen are hot at the petitions that have been presented to the City Council seeking to banish them from Main street, while awaiting jobs. The first petition resulted in an order for the marshal to require them to stand their drays in west Ninth avenue, near the bus barns, when not employed. They wouldn't have it, consulted an attorney and were informed that legally they didn't have to, and they didn't. The marshal was told to go to sheol. At the last meeting of the city rulers another petition was presented, asking an ordinance either compelling the draymen to keep a block from Main St. or have their license raised to $50. The City Fathers had examined the matter and satisfied themselves that no location restrictions would be legal. The draymen pay for a privilegeshould have more leniency than a common traveler. If any one of them blockade the street, there is an ordinance under which he can be handled individually. The draymen bring in considerable revenue to the city, pay their licenses promptly and are worthy of a location where they can reasonably command the most business. The dray business is not lucrative. At this season it is considerable strain for a living. It would be an outrage to make the license $50 a year. Not a fifth of the thirty-two draymen now licensed in the city could possibly pay it. Their work is out doors. To compel them to stand way off Main street, away from any windbreak and an opportunity for an occasional glance at a stove and where the liability of business is very slim would be an equal outrage to the $50 business. The draymen pay for the freedom of the street and ought to have less congregation of their wagons. When together they block the street and are an inconvenience and danger to pedestrians. The draymen express a willingness to scatter out and take up as little room as possible. They are disposed to be fair, if the people and city rulers are fair. Give the draymen a chance, so long as they conform to the stipulations of their license and the common requirements of the traveling public.




The Court, Jury and Bar in the Arms of Fair Alice.

Blushes, Hugs, and Kisses.How They All Took It.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The scene in the court room on the announcement of the dismissal of Alice Jeffries' case, was extremely pathetic. The fair heroine, with a heart o'er flowing with gratitude at her release from the horrible charge of midnight burglary, threw her arms around the neck of Judge Snow, her leading attorney, and affectionately impressed a sweet kiss on his manly brow. This was a signal for Campbell and Sumner, and she found them braced for the awful ordeal. She satisfied them with a hearty hug or two, and made for the jury, which looked desperately for a means of exitnone there. With tears dimming her eyes, she showed hand- shakes and thankful words clear around, even shaking hands with the two against her. The court, the while, was sightless with tears, but some considerate member of the bar, who saw, through tears, the Judge's impending fate, rushed up with encouraging words, "put him on." He wiped his weeping eyes and looked up just as the onslaught came. The two foot counter didn't save him. Reaching her eager arms over all, she took in the Court with a loving embrace, and "may heaven bless you, Judge." Judge Torrance has been called rather modest; perhaps he is, but the whole bar declare that his nerve on this occasion was heroicare almost ready to declare that they heard the smack of a kiss. But, next to Snow, Campbell took it the hardest, and absolutely put his hand up to ward off the kiss. Sumner took in the whole circus just as though he had been there before and didn't care a darn. But Snow was teetotally broke up. He had expected a demonstration among the other folks, but hoped for less publicity in his case. His blushes illuminated the whole court room. She hunted for Ed Pate, but he had hid under the counter. Sheriff McIntire came next, but he had hooked on to Time's forelock and slid out. She afterward tackled him in his office, with the curtain down. Composing herself for a moment, she bethought herself of the excellent courtesy shown her by Messrs. Hackney & Asp. She saw the awful dejected look o'erspreading Bill's face and tackled him first. Drawing his wild west locks over his brow, he took her demonstrations as meekly as a lambactually seemed rather to rather like it. Henry Asp by this time was under the table. But the attorneys hauled him out, about as nonplused an individual as you ever saw. Lovell Webb and Frank Jennings sympathetically braced him, one on either side, while Henry pleadingly extended his arms. He had to stand it, but swears he can never meet another attack like that. The whole scene knocked the hose clear off Walkup, Baily, or Frankie Morrisabsolutely beggared description. We don't pretend to do it justice. If Alice had given THE COURIER man a little attention, he could have written her up with much better satisfaction. She ran out of kisses before she got to us.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The Eagle tells a very pathetic story of a rich young widow. Two years ago Annie Davis was divorced from Nelson Davis, in the Sedgwick court. She retired to her farm with large alimony. Until a few weeks ago she remained in single blessedness. Bountiful crops blessed the harvest of the fair farmer, and as the roses blossomed, she was happy. But the big corn and fat hogs did not fill that aching void that the lone and lorn are prone to feel, and a sigh frequently bubbled up unconsciously. She went to a dance, where she met a solid looking man, a fiddler who played charmingly "The Old Gray Horse in the Wilderness" and the Arkansaw Traveler. Annie went there with a mind bent on fall wheat, fodder, and Berkshires. It was a fatal visit. An introduction; another tune; a sly glance, and all was over with the rural widow. Less and less did she think of the fat hogs, as the intimacy grew, and more and more of the "widder" and less and less of the rosin and bow. They wed. The scene changes. Mrs. Haskell is on the hunt of a decamper, who had drawn from the bank $1,200 of her good lucre. He had not waited to take his fair bride to his magnificent farm in Burton Harbor, Michigan. A woman had been betrayed, affections misplaced, and love assassinated, and the despairing widowdoubly a widow now, went back to her hungry Berkshires, her corn, fodder, and her fall wheat with another sad, sad lesson of misplaced confidence. Haskell is no doubt playing the Arkansaw Traveler to a delighted rural assemblage elsewhere.

[Note: The newspaper goofed badly! The following article concerns Louis Tournier, who was written about in Volume I of Cowley County History. MAW]


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Deputy Sheriff Rarick brought up and lodged in the bastille Wednesday, Lewis Teneer [Tournier], an old man of seventy-five years, and one Phillips. The old man is charged with dispensing whiskey on an island in the Arkansas, just below the mouth of the Walnut. He had a U. S. River license to sell the ardent. Imagining that the island being U. S. Property, was not in the State of Kansas, he sold without any reservation whatever. Phillips was his accomplice, transporting the whiskey to the island. The old man is a hermit, seldom saw anybody excepting to work up his trade, which has been going on for a long time. His rendezvous was visited by hundreds of the thirsty, who carried it away in their hides, jugs, and bottles. Of all the ruses for selling forty rod that have ever been concocted, this one takes the whole bake shop. Of course, the island is in the state of Kansas, and the evidence being so conclusive, the old man and Phillips are in a bad box. They have no money and will likely stick it out in jail, when sentenced. Teneer [Tournier] met with a shotgun accident a year ago that took off his hand at the wrist and put out one eye. Yet, he is wonderfully pert for one of his age.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

P. H. Albright received, Wednesday, a check for $50, as a Christmas present. It came from Geo. W. Moore & Co., Hartford, Connecticut, capitalists for whom Mr. Albright is the principal western agent. Last year, P. H. Albright invested a good sum in turkeys, which were distributed among the deserving poor of the city. Now, he determines to invest this entire $50 in turkeys, that Christmas may not find those in our city whom misfortunes have overtaken without the sunshine of a fat turkey. Many is the needy homehomes to whom Christmas would only be a stinging reminder of their sad conditionwill these $50 worth of turkeys come as a heavenly blessing, appreciated as only the worthy poor can appreciate. Any persons knowing poor families where a fat turkey can do good work, will leave the name either at Mr. Albright's office or at THE COURIER office. This is certainly generosity worthy of emulation.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

And now sweet matrimony has wound its silken cords around another couple of our young folks. Tuesday evening the words were pronounced by Rev. J. C. Miller that united for weal or woe, for sorrows and successes, Mr. Willard G. Tidd and Miss Mary M. Linn. The ceremony was pronounced at the home of Mr. and Mrs. S. S. Linn, parents of the bride, a mile southwest of town. The groom has been in the employ of Curns & Manser for some time past and is one of the county's sturdiest young men, industrious and frugal. The bride is of winning appearance and disposition, with the accomplishments that would lastingly adorn. Mr. Tidd has just been appointed to an excellent position with S. L. Gilbert, in the Wichita Land Office, where himself and bride will take up their residence after Monday. A long life of happiness and prosperity is the wish of many friends.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Perhaps many of our citizens are not aware that we have a live confectionery manufactory in our city. The gentlemen composing this firm are F. E. Pentecost, commonly known as Ed. to his many friends, and J. E. Hamilton, who has been associated in business with Mr. Pentecost in Arkansas City. Mr. Hamilton is a gentleman who comes among us highly recommended, not only as a gentleman and a good businessman, but a first-class workman in his line. The factory is back of Cohen's store. Their store room will be on Main street or 9th avenue just as soon as arrangements can be made for a suitable room. Their candies are as fine as a poor editor ever looked at. We are glad that we have such an institution in our midst.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

At P. H. Albright & Co.'s loan office you will always find all the money you can put up real estate security foron the safest and most reasonable terms and rates. We run a small hand money mill of our own.


Uncle Sam's Troops Making it Hot for all Territory Intruders.

Not a White Man Now in Oklahoma.

No Range and Cattle Dying like Sheep As They are Hustled out.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

C. R. Swain was at the Central Thursday. He was just from the Territory ranch of Anderson & Gilbert, in the heart of the Oklahoma Country, between the Cimarron and Canadian rivers. He has been in the employ of this firm for a year past, but now the whole outfit is hoisted from the Territory, by the troops. Anderson at first refused to go. He was in Oklahoma, like the other men, by common consent, and though the range was all burned off, he had hay enough to feed his cattle and proposed to be a little bull-headed. It didn't work. The soldiers picked him up and set him down in Caldwell, confiscated to the government use all his hay, and gave him two days to round up his cattle and drive them out. The big snow storm came about that time and in the drive cattle died like sheep. Every ranchman in the Territoryevery man without legal permission, is being served the same way. In the Territory proper, Swain says, a week more will leave not a soul except Indians and government employees. And the order applies also to the Cherokee strip, fifty-one miles along the north border of the territory, and the troops will next put their bouncing process to work there. All are being driven into Texas and all north into Kansas. And they are going on the jump. The range is all burnt off and the loss of cattle is already nearly fifty per cent. Nobody can get into the Territory now without a pass from a Commissioned U. S. officer and this pass is useless beyond the territory controlled by said officer. Soldiers are stationed on every road of any importance and turn everybody without a pass back. In two weeks, Swain says, if they keep this bouncing up, there won't be an intruder in the whole territory. He says the big cattle men are clear down at the heels, being doubly so this winter, which has run their herds down to almost nothing, comparatively. And there is great apprehension, he says, among the cattlemen with leases in the Cherokee strip. They are anticipating trouble, and whether the government disturbs them or not, most of them will have to bring their cattle out of the Territory to save them from starvation. Oklahoma is cleared totally, and liable to remain so, till the government makes its habitation by whites legal. Hunters in the Territory are scarce now, it being no easy matter to get a pass, which cannot be obtained nearer than Caldwell.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Miss Lizzie McDonald, of this city, who is attending college at Beaver, Pennsylvania, handles the faber admirably in a letter about Kansas, in the December number of the College Messenger, a sprightly paper, edited by the students. The letter will be read with much interest by Miss Lizzie's many friends in Winfield.

"I have been requested time after time to tell of my life way out in Kansas. A great many of the college girls have queer ideas of Kansas life. Yes, they imagine we are thrown right with the Red men of the forest, and that our homes are entirely different from those in Pennsylvania. In fact, they think we are cut off from the civilized part of the world and have a little world of our own, in which everything is wild and free. I remember the first day I was in Beaver College. What strange glances were cast at me. Had I come all the way from Kansas alone? Did we not have any good schools in Kansas. And questions too numerous to mention. I may have had a bewildered look about me, for what Kansas girl would not have been amazed at their ignorance! What! Did they not know that Kansas was already one of the first states in the Union! Where do you find a class of people so energetic, so go-a-head, more refined or intelligent? Our people, as a general rule, have had advantages in the way of traveling. They are liberal in their views. Our educational advantages rank with the highest in the land. Our towns are right up with the towns of the east, and indeed, far ahead, for while the towns through Kansas are full of life and ambition, so many of our eastern towns seem dead. What town of seven thousand inhabitants; only sixteen years old, in all Pennsylvania, has so many advantages as this very town? (Winfield.) It was at one time quite a summer resort, the grasshoppers came in such swarms that they failed to find accommodations, but being delighted with the country, they endured the disadvantages and remained throughout the season. The monotony of life is relieved by the occasional visit of whirl winds, and as ventilators and elevators, we have cyclones. Girls, if you want to have fun, you should just come to Kansas, for we believe in having good times. I can truly say that Kansas is the very place for me."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The Social and Literary circle met Friday eve at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Baird and passed two or three hours most pleasantly. The literary program was highly entertaining and instructive, and notwithstanding the tender age of the Society, the individual efforts of its members on last evening show the vim, interest, and determined spirit which animates them in the discharge of their duties. The vocal duet, "Larboard Watch," was very nicely given by Misses Josie Pixley and Bertha Wallis. The address by Rev. Miller was full of good sense and instruction to the young people as to the proper mode of conducting the society. The paper, The Chautauqua, Vol. 1, No. 1, was full of interesting and humorous items, and can be made a very prominent and useful adjunct to this social. Music by Misses Pearl Van Doren and Mamie Baird was excellent and applauded by all. The recitations of Misses Pixley and Baldwin were simply great. This is the first time Miss Baldwin has permitted herself to recite before the society for a number of months, owing to a serious affectation of the throat. Her delivery of "Mary, Queen of Scotts," last evening, however, was as fine a recitation, in point of expression and sentiment, as we have listened to in a long time. A little extravagant in gesture, which is well balanced, however, by her modulation, she shows herself a master of elocution, and would appear to good advantage in emotional characters of any kind. A. F. Hopkins' address, "True and false ambition," was forcibly presented and listened to by the society with interest and, we hope, benefit. To Mrs. Baird and her charming and indefatigable daughter, Miss Mamie, the society expressed their thanks for their reception and entertainment. Visitors and new members, who elsewhere might have felt themselves to be strangers, were made to feel perfectly at home and among friends. Everybody enjoyed themselves and all regretted that the evening passed so quickly. It is to be hoped that it will not be too long before we are invited there again.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The G. O. Club met Thursday eve in the very agreeable home of Miss Mary Randall. It was a thoroughly enjoyable party of our liveliest young folks, proving conclusively that the young ladies are adepts in arranging social gatherings. Those who enjoyed the occasion were: Misses Josie Bottom, of Ponca; Margie Wallis, Hattie Stolp, Leota Gary, Emma Strong, Jennie Lowry, Nona Calhoun, Bert Morford, Eva Dodds, Minnie Taylor, Ida Johnston, Nellie Rodgers, Anna McCoy, and May Hodges; Messrs. Harry Dent, of Ponca; P. H. Albright, Chas. F. and Harry Bahntge, Willis A. Ritchie, P. S. Hills, Ed. J. McMullen, George Jennings, Will Hodges, Fred Ballein, Harry Sickafoose, Frank N. Strong, Lacey Tomlin, Addison Brown, Livey Buck, and Frank H. Greer. The admirable entertainment of Miss Mary Randall, nicely assisted by her sister, Miss Ella, made all perfectly at home, with genuine jollity supreme. Cards, music, "the light fantastic," supplemented by a choice luncheon, filled up the evening splendidly. The young ladies made an unique "hit" in this club. It is the alternate to the Pleasant Hour Club, managed by the boys. But there is more hearty sociability about it. Meeting at the homes of the members gives better opportunity for widening friendships. The Opera House, where all is form and dancing, gives a perceptible stiffness and chilliness that never exhibits itself in a private home. Yet the Pleasant Hour Club has succeeded in banishing much of this restraintin trying to melt the cast that is always likely to exhibit itself at such parties. The social life of our young folks is more general this winter. Entertainments and parties are thicksomething about every evening in the week.


Render Unto Scissors The Things That are Scissors.

Neighboring Faberisms.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The piling for the bridge across the Canal slough was completed on Wednesday, and we learn that work on the bridge across the Arkansas river has already been begun.

We are sorry to learn that our esteemed friend, William Vanderbilt Raymond, more familiarly known as "Doc," is soon to shake the snow of Arkansas City off his feet, bid farewell to the gay and festive scenes of the Terminus, and seek rest and quiet in the dull, lifeless borough of Winfield, where, after recuperating for a season, he will devote the hours of his solitude to the study of architecture.

[William evidently has a level head. He knows a bonanza town when he sees it.]

We were greatly surprised one evening last week to receive a copy of the Winfield DAILY COURIER, delivered by special carrier. We presume that its enterprising publishers intend to make regular deliveries of the paper in our city, and believe that by so doing they will secure a large circulation. THE COURIER is a bright, newsy sheet, and our people should give it liberal support as an evening journal. Delivered here two hours after it is off the press will prove a luxurious treat to the reading public.

That was a queer young woman who came to an Arkansas City hotel the other day and, going to bed, refused to get up again until the police compelled her to do so. She was suffering from no physical ill. She was not a morphine eater, and she had not taken too freely of any other drug or stimulant. She was simply tired, and having found a bed that answered her purpose, she announced her intention of staying in it as long as she pleased. Probably such a visitor in Winfield would not have been discovered as she was at the Terminus because in the multiplicity of sleepers which that place has, one more or less would have attracted no attention. Here in Arkansas City she was bounced out an hour or two after the time when, in the usual order of events, every bed not occupied by an invalid should be vacant, and so serious was her offense that the police felt themselves warranted in taking her into custody. This incident illustrates the activity of life in the future city of the Southwest, and the uselessness of anybody who is tired and wants rest coming to Arkansas City, where the beds have to be made every morning.

[Yes, that same woman was here. She was hunting a place for quiet, sweet rest. She didn't stay. The numerous whisperings of Arkansas City, as the boss place for a Rip Van Winkle sleeper, took her on. The Democrat was the only thing in the Terminus with life enough to wake her.]

During the past week an itinerant street vender has kept up a continual crying of his wares right under our office window, greatly disturbing our peace of mind and almost tempting us to some dreadful deed of violence. We wish some stringent law would be passed by our city council which would exclude every such peddler from our streets. Our city merchants have to pay high rents, taxes, and a business license, and it is no more than fair that the city should protect them by refusing to issue licenses or permits to a class of persons who only tend to destroy all legitimate trade. There is no surer way of breaking up the business interests and ruining the prosperity of a town or small city than by allowing this class of trampsfor they are nothing elseto come in and palm off a lot of worthless truck upon the people. Whenever any important project for the benefit of the city is to be undertaken, the businessmen are the first to whom appeal is made, and it is expected that they will contribute liberally, which they always do; but what, let us ask, is ever obtained from this other class, who do nothing but sap the life of every business industry? They perhaps pay a few dollars into the city treasury for the purpose of plying their nefarious business upon the streets, but every dollar the city receives from such a source is but a premium on its own life-blood. Every business that is not strictly legitimate has a demoralizing influence upon trade. The Cheap John bankrupt and auction sales of shop worn goods are a decided injury to the welfare of any community.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

There were twenty-one accessories to the M. E. church as a result of the late revival meeting. These meetings have been a source of much good to the community.

Fitzgerald & Mallory are old experienced railroad contractors and builders, and when they put their own money in to an enterprise like the D., M. & A. road, the people may depend upon it that the road will surely be completed.

The Belle Plaine Resident is so jubilant over the prospect of the D., M. & A. road that it illustrates one page of the paper with five eagles and a crowing rooster. Let it come; and it will come as sure as water runs down hill and that the sun rises in the east.

A Wichita real estate man attended prayer meeting a few evenings agoprobably by mistakeand appeared to be completely absorbed in the petition of one of the brethern, that was praying for the prosperity of their city, they always harp on that; but, he astonished the good people when he exclaimed, rather disdainfully, "Oh, thunder! Don't worry, she'll get there."

If we want a live, energetic town here, we will have to work for it. Therefore, let every citizen, big and small, pull off his coat, figuratively speaking, and do everything he can which tends to promote the best interests of Udall. A policy of this kind, well acted upon, would soon do wonders for a place that already has so many natural advantages.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

People with good, comfortable homes, good clothing, plenty to eat, fuel to keep warm, etc., should remember those whose inwards yearn with a constant yearn, whose rags flutter in the December wind, and who know not one day where they will be located the nextthis resting with God and the landlord. Winfield, in her great prosperity, has but few of such. But, as the winter moves on, with weeks at a time when building and all outdoor work is at a standstill, many an honest, worthy family will suffer. He that lives all to self is far worse than a swine. The swine don't know any better. Remember the poor. And while you are assisting those who are down now, don't let your "sharper" nature bring others to suffering by devilish trickstering and avarice. Man's inhumanity to man makes countless millions mourn. If everybody dealt honestly and fairly with his fellows, there would be little want in this world: all would be peace, happiness, and prosperity. Indolence is not responsible for one thousandth part of the suffering depicted in every town.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The Telegram came out last week a ten page edition. It has over twenty columns of an exposition of the wealth, worth, and possibilities of Winfield and Cowley County, with the advertisements of our city's leading business firms. It is a wonderfully complete write up of The Queen City, exhibiting forcibly the lively enterprise of the Telegram folks. The superior newspaper ability and experience of Walter G. Seaver, local faberizer and business manager, sticks out all over it. Walter put in some good licks on this edition, and the result is certainly flattering. It is a daisyeditorially and typographically. It is not an edition to make money: the ads hardly pay expenses. It is truly an unexaggerated exhibition of the vast interests of our city and county, for its future advancement. THE COURIER is always ready to recognize the enterprise and vim of a worthy rival, such as the Telegram.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Kerect, Mr. Eureka Republican. "A naked corner lot at Winfield sold the other day for $12,000. One-half the value of that lot was given to it by enterprises that have been secured to that city through the liberality of its people the past eighteen months. Instead of sitting around waiting for something to turn up down there, they have been turning up something. `The lord help them who help themselves.'"

There is nothing like enterprise. Competition is at a fever heat all over the bustling west, and the town that launches out with a boldness and determination that brooks no defeat, will be christened Eli as sure as the sun shines. This Winfield has done and is doing, and in conjunction with natural advantages whose superiority is unquestioned, is gaining a fame and prestige that are placing her clear in advance of any towns of her age in all the State of Kansas.


The K. P. Ball at A. C. a Grand Affair.

Winfield and The Terminus Mingle.The Frigidity Broken.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

For years past there has been a considerable frigidity between Winfield and Arkansas City society. Why this was, couldn't be explained. Invitations to social events of note passed back and forth, but fell on the desert air. The ice had got to be a foot thick. It is now broken: completely melted, on the part of Winfield. Friday night did it. It was the occasion of a ball and banquet by the Knights of Pythias, of Arkansas City. This Lodge is composed of many of the Terminus' most prominent men. A grand affair was assured. A number of Winfield's young folks determined to participate, in answer to hearty invitations. A very happy and mutually agreeable party was made up, as follows.

Mrs. Riddell and Misses Julia Smith, Margie and Lizzie Wallis, Sadie French, Jennie Lowry, Emma Strong, Nona Calhoun, Bert Morford, and Anna Hunt; Messrs. J. L. M. Hill, E. B. Wingate, Willis A. Ritchie, Wm. D. Carey, Tom J. Eaton, Chas. F. and Harry Bahntge, Byron Rudolph, P. H. Albright, George Jennings, Eli Youngheim, and THE COURIER scribe. They went down on the K. C. & S. W., arriving at 7 o'clock, and were handsomely received. This ball and banquet was the biggest social event in Arkansas City's history. The entire management was perfect under the careful attention of

Executive committee: A. Mowry, G. W. Miller, and Geo. S. Howard.

Reception committee: John Landes, J. L. Huey, H. P. Farrar, A. J. Pyburn, S. F. George, and F. E. Balyeat.

Floor managers: C. C. Sollitt, F. W. Farrar, T. B. Hutchison, Thos. Vanfleet, and W. E. Moore.

Over a hundred couples of the best people of Arkansas City participatedits youth, beauty, and vivacity. Many of the ladies appeared in elegant costume. The music was furnished by the Wichita Orchestra. The Winfield folks were made perfectly at home and given every attention. Our girls "shook" the Queen City fellows for the handsome ones of the Terminus, and our boys put in the time admirably under the charming presence of the A. C. girls. It was a hearty mingling that made many agreeable acquaintances and completely broke the distant feeling heretofore existing socially between the two cities. The Terminus certainly shows enticing sociabilitya circle of handsome, stylish, and genial people, whom the Winfield folks are most happy to have met on this occasion. The banquet, set by H. H. Perry, mine host of the Leland, was fit to tickle the palate of kingseverything that modern culinary art could devise. At 3 o'clock the "hub" folks boarded a special train on the K. C. & S. W., which the managers of that road had kindly furnished for the convenience of the visitors, and were soon landed at home, in the sweet realization of having spent one of the most enjoyable nights of their lives. A jollier crowd of young folks than went down from here would be exceedingly hard to find. The got all the enjoyment there was in it. The A. C. people were delighted with the visit and expressed a warm desire and determination to return the compliment at the first opportunity. This is the inauguration of a new social feeling between the two towns.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

In November 1883, Holt & Hall, the Iowa firm who built the Winfield Creamery, commenced a suit in the United States Circuit Court, of Kansas, against the Winfield Bank of this place, to recover the amount of $1,000 and interest thereon from the Bank, being its subscription to the stock of the Creamery. This subscription was made by J. C. McMullen, as president of the Bank. The Creamery scheme was worked up by one M. W. Babb, as agent of Holt & Hall. About the time the Creamery Company was formed, J. C. McMullen having lost faith in the project, and foreseeing it would prove a loss to the Bank, gave notice to Babb that the Bank would not stand by its subscription, and informed all the stockholders of this decision, so that they could determine whether they would go on or not with their own subscriptions. To this suit against the Bank, the defense were interposed that by the terms of the contract over the subscriptions, the Creamery Company only was legally liable to Holt & Hall for the balance due upon the price of the Creamery buildings and not the individual subscriptions; and 2nd, that the Bank had no power in law to make a subscription to the stock of a Creamery or any other manufacturing business. Soon after the answer was filed, the plaintiff, fearing probably that the suit against the Bank might not win, brought a second suit against J. C. McMullen, basing their right of recovery on the ground that if his subscription did not bind the Bank, it would bind him personally; and to this suit the defendant interposed merely a denial of any liability to the plaintiffs. Both suits have just been tried together at Topeka, and decided in favor of the defendants. The court held that both these actions must fail. The first action must fail from the want of power in the defendant Bank, to make the subscription alleged in plaintiffs' petition and because of no privity of contract between the parties; and the second action upon the grounds laid down in Abeles vs. Cochran, 22 Kans., and the cases therein cited, as well as upon many authorities in the U. S. Supreme Court reports and the reports of other states, that where the contract is made in the name of the principal, and without any personal covenant on the part of the agent, and without any wrong on his part, either in act, statement, or omission, the latter is not responsible, even though the former be not bound. In the case and at the trial, the plaintiffs represented by Messrs. Rossington, Smith & Dallas, a leading firm of Topeka, and the defendants by J. F. McMullen, of this city, assisted by J. J. Buck, Esq., of Emporia. This office printed Mr. McMullen's brief in these cases, which was very length and elaborate, and in which all the questions of law bearing upon the cases, were cited and commented upon. The court decided the cases upon the two principal points relied upon in this brief, which we have given briefly above. The plaintiffs are adjudged to pay the costs in both cases, which are quite large. This settles the cases finally for there is no appeal.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Lorenzo Goff and Angie Mater got license Thursday to commit matrimony. These are only the second victims this weekan unusual drouth.

An order was made by the court yesterday for the sale of real estate of Bertram N. and Ada A. Kager, minors.

An order for sale of real estate of the estate of J. C. McKibben, deceased.

The claims of J. B. Kistler for $100 against estate of J. C. McKibben was allowed.

State vs. Charles Raupe, charged with stealing ten bushels of corn, was continued on motion of defendant and bail fixed at $200.

State vs. John Kennedy and F. L. Milligan, dismissed on motion of County Attorney. They were charged with hog stealing.

State vs. Peter Harpole, dismissed on motion of County Attorney. It is a peace warrant arrest, appealed in error with no transcript of preliminary.

Wm. Jenson, charged with horse stealing, withdrew his plea of not guilty and put one in of guilty, and was sent back to jail to await sentence.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Lafayette Wise died Wednesday at his home three miles northeast of the city. He was near his sixtieth year and has been debilitated in general health for some time past. His only relative in this county is a son, William, about twenty-five years old. The old gentleman was a member of the G. A. R., by whom he was buried Thursday.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

It is rumored that the terminus of the main Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe line will shortly be located at El Paso instead of Deming; that a local train will be run from Rincon via Deming to Silver City, to which place the gauge will be widened, and that the Southern Pacific line will follow suit by removing its Deming roundhouse to El Paso.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

When a man finds fault with his linen, just from as good laundrymen as there is in the State, you can set it down that there is a "to-let" in the ceiling of his frame or he is anticipating some awful calamitymatrimony, or something of that kind. Friday we heard a young fellow kicking like a steer about his shirts and collars, when at that moment the front of his necktie was under his left ear and his vest was on wrong side out.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

G. C. Wallace, corner 10th and Main, is just unpacking Christmas goods, consisting of ten sets of fine gold band and decorated china tea sets, lamps, decorated chamber sets, etc., and will sell them at bottom prices.


Political, Official and Social Notes as Gathered by Our Regular

Washington Correspondent.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

At ten minutes past 12 Thursday, President Cleveland's message was laid before the Senate and the reading of it was begun. The close attention paid to the message from beginning to end by the senate was remarked. On both sides of the chamber, the senators carefully noted every utterance of the executive. When the president's very positive declarations upon the silver question were reached, the sentiments of many senators on that question could be determined by their expressions of countenance respectively. Those who agreed with the president that the continued coinage of silver is an evil, exchanged nods of approval, while the believers in silver scowled and otherwise manifested their disapproval. The president's aggressive stand on the silver question makes it now almost assured that this will be the first engrossing subject to come before Congress. It is quite likely that legislation on this subject will be proposed in the senate at once, and it will certainly provoke a long debate, for the advocates of silver coinage are evidently no less determined than its enemies. The reading was concluded at 1:52 p.m., and the message was, as is customary, ordered printed and to lie on the table. The chair laid before the senate the annual report of the Secretary of the Treasury; also, a statement from the secretary of the court of claims showing the judgments rendered by that court for the past year; also, a statement of the secretary of the senate showing the receipts and expenditures of his office for the past year.

Immediately after the reading of the journal in the house Tuesday morning, the appointment of a committee on mileage and the reporting of the joint committee appointed to await upon the president, the president's message was presented and the reading began. Most of the members were in their seats and listened to the reading with marked attention. All conversation ceased, only two men were engaged in writing and two others held newspapers before them. The rest assumed attitudes of attention and listened very attentively.

The senate committee on privileges and elections met Thursday, every member being present, and took up the Hoar bill to regulate the presidential succession. The bill was discussed on its merits, there being nothing of a partisan character in any remarks that were made. The committee adjourned until today, when it is thought the bill will be agreed to in order that it may be reported to the Senate next Monday.

The question of devising some rule for Congressional printing that will do away with the present system which prints the same number of each bill without regard to its character or importance is an important one. Under the present system tens of thousands of printed bills, mostly of a private nature, go to waste, while the supply of bills of general importance usually run out before the demand is half supplied. The Senate committee on printing have the subject under consideration and will endeavor to report at an early day legislation embracing a plan that will regulate the number of bills, documents, etc., to be printed by their value or public importance of each.

Representative Holman, of Indiana, says he thinks there will probably be some legislation concerning the civil service reform law. The letter of the law will not be changed, he thinks, from what it now is but that the disposition will be to make the operation of the service conform to the law, and not to the will of the commission. He thinks there is a disposition, however, to wait and see what the present commission does. He says there is no objection to the law so far as it is limited to its operation the regulation of the appointment of clerks in the classified service upon their merit. But the attempt on the part of the commission to go beyond the law and try to prevent dismissals, and to meddle with matter outside of their authority will be rebuked, and they will probably be restricted to the authority given by the law. L.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Martha A. Iliff vs Lemuel Iliffordered that the defendant pay $50 per month during the pendency of this trial, for her maintenance; also to pay fee of Hackney & Asp, her attorneys.

The case of the State vs. Alice Jeffries was called yesterday afternoon, the plaintiff appearing by Hackney & Asp, County Attorneys, and the defendant in person and by her attorneys, Judge Snow and H. T. Sumner. She is charged with complicity in robbing Smith & Zook's safe, January, 1885. The trial is now progressing before the regular jury.

The jury in the Alice Jeffries case, after wrestling two days and a night, were called in Saturday evening, without a verdict. It stood ten for acquittal and two for conviction. The two hung like death to a deceased coontheir determination would be impossible to empanel a jury to try it again this term, everybody knowing something of the case. The evidence was all circumstantial, with no certainty of a conviction and the expenses being heavy, he deemed it best for all that the proceedings be dismissed. The case was ably conducted on both sides. Messrs. Hackney & Asp extracted all the evidence that could be squeezed out, and the defending attorneys, Judge Snow, seconded by Judge Campbell and Judge Sumner, brought out every point possible in her favor, and are greatly pleased over the result.

The Jeffries case is one in which there is little doubt of guilt, but which is mighty hard to prove. She is a reckless woman of wide experience and wily manner, and was no doubt a regular accomplice of the gang she was accused of assisting. Her detective story was too thin. She worked her cards wellsuch women always do. The evidence, coupled with her past character, was such as convinced all of her guilt, but was too vague in the law: evidence entirely circumstantial. The prosecution ferreted out all they could, but there were links that couldn't be found. She was badly scared, however, when the jury continued to hang Saturday, when she showed her first signs of weakening. She had seven hundred dollars in cash on deposit here for her appearance, during the year the case was pending, since last January. This case worried her considerably and cost her considerable cash. She is a large woman, of smooth form and rather even features, and dresses stylishly. She will never need anybody to take care of heris able to cope with anything that comes in her way. She was mighty happy over her dischargesee "A Pathetic Scene."

State vs. Peter Harpole, dismissed. Peace warrant, without preliminary transcript.

State vs. John Kennedy and F. L. Milligan, charged with stealing hogs, dismissed. Brought without probable cause.

State vs. Abner Carson, dismissed. He and Edward Ellendow were arrested on the same chargehorse stealing. Ellendow pleaded guilty. The papers in Carson's arrest contained an error, causing dismissal. He was rearrested before Buckman. It was found that before Carson's trial could come off, Ellendow, the main witness, would be in the "pen," leaving the prosecution in the lurch. Carson was discharged entirely and at 11 o'clock Saturday night, walked out of the bastille, a free man. Ellendow pays the penalty of a crime that both committed.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Several years ago, says the Press, when town lots in Wellington were plenty and cheaper than they are now and money was very scarce, it was a favorite pastime among some of the sporting men to get up pony races in which town lots were the stakes. A reporter heard an old citizen edifying a crowd by telling stories of the manner in which he got hold of a pony that was "lightning" and how he won nearly one-half the town site, only to lose it again to another citizen who "rung in" a first-class race horse as an old broken down cow pony and beat his pony out of sight. What larks some of the old citizens used to have, anyhow.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

There are ten lines of railway in course of construction in Kansas at this time, with twenty-five or thirty lines under contemplation. One of these lines has already reached Winfield, with its headquarters, and two more will be here soon. And we have a show for several more of them. The Queen City is bound to become a great railroad center and commanding metropolis. She is already the envy of cities almost twice her size and thrice her age.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Winfield is as well stocked with holiday goods as any city in Southern Kansas, and they are being sold at figures as low as at any of the larger markets, such as Kansas City and Topeka. We presume that our merchants are today retailing good goods at lower figures than can be obtained at retail in Kansas City.


Another Sensation in the Walkup Case.

Emporia Youths Claim to Know.

The Way the Prospective Heir to J. R. Walkup's Estate Was Brought About.

Mrs. Walkup Denies the Charges in Toto.

A Blackmailing and Conspiracy Scheme.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

KANSAS CITY, Mo., December 21. A special to the Times from Emporia, Kansas, says: The young and beautiful widow of the late acting Mayor Walkup has been brought before the public once more in another role than that of a fair poisoner. It seems Mrs. Walkup has preferred her claim as widow of the late J. R. Walkup, and also requested that provision be made for a child she seems to be expecting as the result of her marriage to her deceased husband. Mr. Walkup held a policy in the A. O. U. W., to which his other heirs lay claim, and the order has put the matter in the hands of the court for a decision as to who was the proper person to receive the amount called for by the policy. Doubts as to the paternity of the co-heir have been entertained and today two sensational depositions were obtained. The manner in which the matter became public is about as follows: Edward Gutekunst, one of the deponents, wrote a letter to Mrs. Walkup in New Orleans, in which he made a demand on her for money as the price of his secrecy. Mrs. Walkup wrote and informed William Jay, her guardian, in this city, who proceeded to investigate the matter, charging Gutekunst and young Wilhite, son of the Sheriff, with attempts at blackmailing. The boys said the money they asked for was the money they had let her have while she was in jail, and having been subpoenaed by counsel for the other Walkup heirs, they were induced to make a clean breast of the whole affair. The affidavits made by the young men both claimed immoral intercourse with Mrs. Walkup while she was in the custody of Sheriff Wilhite.


NEW ORLEANS, LA., December 21. On receipt of dispatches from Emporia containing the statements of Gutekunst and Wilhite, Mrs. Minnie Walkup was visited by the Times correspondent. She maintained that the whole proceeding was clearly for blackmailing purposes. She stated that she had never received a single note from Gutekunst. She remembered that on one occasion when leaving the court room, she was handed a note to this effect: "If you want your secret kept, send me $250 before you leave Emporia." The note was signed "Ed. the Fool." She presumed it was written by Ed Gutekunst, a former inmate of the jail, who had been appointed jailer. He was ugly, ragged, and repulsive. She said that she felt sorry that young Wilhite, who was a mere boy, and who had always treated her kindly, should have joined her enemies. Mrs. Walkup is of the opinion that the charges were trumped up against her by the Walkups in order to injure her, and possibly impair the claim of the expected heir. Regarding the statement that the boys had advanced her money while in prison, Mrs. Walkup said that neither of them possessed any so far as she knew. She had at times given Gutekunst quarters and half dollars for running errands for her. All the money she had received had been from her guardian, Mr. Jay.


Mrs. Walkup also said that the report was the outgrowth of one of the many blackmailing schemes that have been resorted to since her acquittal to extort money from her. She said that in the general opinion she had come into considerable money from Mr. Walkup's estate, whereas she had not received a penny except such sums as her guardian had loaned her. Mrs. Walkup said also that she had received no letter at any time from Gutekunst, and had not forwarded any to Mr. Jay. The letter handed her, as she was leaving the court room one day, she handed to Miss Jay and asked her what it meant. The latter read it and asked if it could have been written by Edward Gutekunst, the janitor. Mrs. Walkup said that she thought not, but Miss Jay handed the note to her father who saw the janitor and threatened to prosecute him if he was the author. Both Mrs. Walkup and Mrs. Wallace emphatically declare that they had never mentioned the subject of a prospective heir to any one, saying that they had claimed none of Mr. Walkup's property on that score. Mr. Finley, Mrs. Walkup's brother-in- law, stated that several blackmailing letters had been received by himself and other members of the family, to none of which had they paid any attention. Several demands for money had been made, accompanied by threats, to which no response had been made. Mrs. Wallace was of the opinion that the charge was trumped up by the Walkups in order to injure her and perhaps with a view of clouding the claim of an additional heir.


Four Soldiers and Surgeon Maddox Killed Near Silver City.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

DEMING, N. M., December 21. On Saturday morning, near White House, northwest of Silver City, a company of the Eighth United States Cavalry Troops, under Lieutenant Fountain, were ambushed by hostiles with disastrous results. The following were killed in the fight which ensued: Surgeon Maddox, Privates Collins, Gibson, Hutton, and McMillen. Lieutenant Cahill and Corporal McFarland were slightly wounded. The Indians numbered twenty-one. After the fight they headed west in the direction of Clifton. This is the same band with which Fountain had a fight on the 9th inst. No Indians are reported killed.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

DUBUQUE, LA., December 12. One of the most brilliant meteors ever observed in this locality was seen last evening about 5:30 o'clock. It started from the neighborhood of the moon and traveled in a southeast direction. It looked to be as large as a bushel basket and traversed a distance of twenty or thirty miles, breaking finally into three distinct globes of fire and leaving a flaming track behind. All who saw it were started at its brilliancy.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

WYANDOTTE, KAN., December 18. Hon. John H. Goodin died at his residence in this city at ten o'clock this morning. Judge Goodin moved to this city several years ago from Humboldt, where he had been a resident since he came to Kansas, over twenty years ago. He was several times elected Judge of the District in which Allen County is situated, and while on the bench was elected to Congress from the Second District. He subsequently was nominated by the State Democratic Convention for Governor and polled a large vote. Within the past year his health suddenly failed, which he vainly tried to restore by visiting health resorts. He returned from the mountains only a few weeks since. Judge Goodin was about fifty years old.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

In joint session on the 17th the so-called State Legislature of Dakota declared A. C. G. Moody and the Hon. A. G. Edgerton elected United States Senators for the State of South Dakota.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Seventeen persons were reported to be suffering from trichinosis contracted by eating diseased ham at a birthday party given by a family named Wetzell at 78 King street, New York, on Thanksgiving evening.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

A Deputy Sheriff recently arrested J. N. Israel, President of the defunct bank of C. W. Israel & Co., of Henrietta and Harold, Texas, on the charge of embezzlement growing out of the failure. He was taken to Wichita Falls.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The steamer City of Mexico was boarded by customs officers recently at New York and a large quantity of arms taken out. Information had been received that the arms were for a filibustering expedition on Cuba. A customs official was also put in charge of the vessel.




Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The departments at Washington are all asking an increase of appropriations, and most of them urge an increase of salaries. That is the way of Democratic reform.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

In round figures, the present Democratic administration asks for $50,000,000 more to run the government for a year than the last Republican administration required, or found necessary.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The members of the Fourth United Presbyterian church in Pittsburg have resolved hereafter to dress plainly at church, discarding jewelry, seal skin sacques, plumes, and such vanities.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The Cheyennes and Arapahos are made at missing the money they formerly received for their lands from the cattle men. They should call on the Great White Father at Washington for it.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

A dispatch says that travelers are snowed in on Italian railways and rescuing parties have been sent out to their aid. This is another proof that the climate of Kansas beats that of Italy.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Senator Plumb has introduced, by request, a joint resolution proposing an amendment to the constitution of the United States in relation to the manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquors.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The arrest of and inquiry into Gen. Shaler's management of the militia affairs of New York are about revealing a second Tweed regime in the democratic management of New York city politics.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The "cave of gloom" is to be lighted by Moonlight. It is understood that Hon. Thos. Moonlight is to be Pension Agent Glick's chief clerk. The Moonlight has been forgotten by the Cleveland administration thus far so the ex-governor will remedy the omission.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

By his strong stand in favor of temperance, the mayor of Nebraska City seems to have made some equally as strong enemies. One of them left a coffin at his door the other night as a warning. The mayor promptly sold the coffin for $13 and turned the money over to a temperance society.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

A French chemist proposes coating the bodies of the dead with a skin of copper by means of the well known electro plating process. A second plating of gold or silver could be added if desired. This treatment, which permanently preserves corpses, has already been applied to several human subjects and to many animals.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

A protest comes up from South Carolina against the admission of Dakota as a state of the Union. This comes with good grace from the first state to secede, considering that she polls a smaller vote than Dakota, has fewer schools, is less thrifty, intelligent, and loyal, and yet she has a leading place in the Union, with seven representatives and two senators in Congress.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Replacing Nerves. Successful experiments have been made in joining and restoring the functions of divided nerves, even nerves of different function, being used to replace those partially destroyed. It is thought that even sight and hearing may be restored after injury to the nerves on which they depend, by urging other nerves into service by artificial union.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The Irish servant girls in Boston and vicinity have this month sent thousands and thousands of dollars, saved from their scant earnings, to fathers, mothers, brothers, sisters, and friends in the Emerald Isle. In one day last week the Cunard people took $11,000 over their counters in exchange for drafts, averaging £2, more than they ever took before in a single day.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

In the death of Alfonso, and the consequent disturbances that may surely be expected in Spain, the Cubans see another opportunity for striking for the freedom of the Queen of the Antilles. The Cuban colony is said to be very active in New York, and with the opening of spring, or sooner, it is believed several filibustering expeditions will set sail from the United States for Cuba.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

One of the arguments used to discredit the grass leases of the cattlemen in the Indian Territory is that not enough has been paid for the valuable privileges thus secured. However that may be, it is quite certain that the Indians have realized $100,000 a year from the speculation, which is more than they have contrived to make their lands bring them in any other way during the whole period of their occupation of the Indian Territory.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Home rule in Ireland is nearly an assured fact. Gladstone is determined to die in harness, and to recover the government will go to greater lengths in his concessions to win Irish support than will the conservatives. In fact, he can do it more consistently than can Salisbury, for traditionally, the Tories have been more hostile than the liberals to the Irish cause, though when English friendship is manifested for Ireland it has been mostly forced. Parnell is now in a position to force it from one or the other of the English parties.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

In every department an increase is asked for. The total increase in the estimates for the next fiscal year over the entire sum, including deficiencies, appropriated for the last fiscal year of the Republican administration is $75,659,708; but for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1885, there was an appropriation of about $15,000,000 for rivers and harbors, which is $5,000,000 more than the estimate for next year. Deducting the appropriation for the navy department for six months of the last fiscal year, which is included in the appropriations for the current year, and the actual increase asked for next year over the appropriations for the current year is $57,000,000.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The Gazette gives this enchanting picture of life in St. Joseph: "The curse of St. Joseph is its feuds, its spites, and its low-bred and miserable personal jealousies. Street fights street. Bank makes war upon bank. Geographical section assails geographical section. One ward hates another. Whoever lifts himself up above the common herd of croakers and fault-finders to lead, like a practical, honest, sensible man, in some work which will benefit the town and bring trade and traffic to it in greater quantities, is set upon with the savage intensity of baffled conspirators and pulled down or pulled to pieces."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Ex-Judge Dawne, of Oregon, who was recently suspended from office by the President, having been appointed through misleading recommendations, has gone to Canada. While Mr. Dawne enjoyed the notoriety of appointment, he raised money with a high hand. A check endorsed by his father-in-law was raised from $500 to $2,500. He borrowed $9,000 from a man in Salem, Oregon, and he collected by means of forged notes and other devices $30,000 more. With this snug sum he visited the Dominion of Canada. If we remember rightly, the President never made known the names of those eminent Democrats who recommended Judge Dawne. But the recommendation taught the President a large lesson and that was that the Democratic party could not be trusted, and that he must give the office seekers a cold shoulder and do the best he could.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Senator John J. Ingalls was recently interviewed by a reporter of the Atchison Patriot, regarding the death of Vice President Thomas A. Hendricks. Senator Ingalls regarded his death as a loss to the country and especially to the democratic party. We publish the following extract from the interview touching upon Hendricks personally, as a public man.

Hendricks among politicians was like the fox among beasts. His manner and complexion were vulpine. He was bland, wily, cunning, and deprecatory in his methods. He always smiled and his movements were stealthy. He was cautious, wary, and diplomatic in his dealings with men. He succeeded by artifice and not by force. He first found out what people wanted to know and then told them. He ascertained what his party wanted done and then did it so far as he could. If he had any personal convictions, he reserved them for private use, and never squandered them in public. But he was amiable, industrious, and plausible, and there is no doubt that western democrats would have been much better satisfied had he been the head of the ticket in 1884 instead of its tail. Had he been president he would have reformed the civil service as a fox would reform a hen coop. His conduct at the close of the last session of the senate is an illustration of his party tactics. It is customary to elect a president pro tempore at the end of each session, if none had been chosen before, to guard against such contingencies as this that has just occurred, so that the senate upon assembling, may not be without a presiding officer. The senate, being republican, would have selected one of their own number and, under the law in the case of the death of the president, and vice president, he would have become acting president of the United States. But Mr. Hendricks did not want any republican to stand in the line of succession, so he never vacated the chair for a moment to give the republican majority an opportunity to choose a president pro tempore. But destiny has baffled and when the Senate meets on Dec. 7th, the republicans will elect a president pro tempore, who will become president of the United States should Cleveland die or resign, which is not probable, though the event of the past twenty years have prepared the public mind to anticipate fatalities in our politics. Death is a factor which can no longer be omitted from the problems of political ascendancy, and the situation at this time is perilous and grave.

[Much of the next article was blanked out by something making a great big white blob over much of the article. Will try to obtain as much as I can of the remainder.]


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Mr. W. H. H. Curtis, who has recently visited the Oklahoma country in the Indian Territory offers the following advice to those who are anxious to emigrate to that country.

"I never will en y one to go to a place that is so bitable as that country (O lose all feeling for ma I should hesitate whet To hell or Oklahoma.'

"If that wn open for settlement ded by thousands of p could better themselves before twelve months heard going up from and starved victims, and raiment from behind. The conn undergo a climate ch could be farmed even if which it is not, as the rains are regular. These lines are not paid for; they may not please Oklahoma boomers, but neither are they written in the interests of cattle men. I care not for either class, but write in the interest of what I believe to be the truth."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Here are a few facts that are called by the unwashed Democracy "bloody shirt statistics." Kansas sends seven representatives to congress on a vote of 260,769or 27,252 to each member.

South Carolina sends seven to the same congress on a vote of 90,250or 12,804 to each member, or as a Missourian puts it, "One Southerner whips three Yankees." They never have heretofore been able to do this job honestly and fairlythey do it now by bulldozing and driving black men from the polls.

As long as such statistics as the above can be had by simply going to the records, the bloody shirt will continue to wave.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The Chicago saloon keepers consider themselves aggrieved by the movement to restrain them from selling liquors on Sunday. They have prepared statistics to show that in 1884, while there were one hundred and seventy-four thousand people in Chicago having English and American characteristics and presumably in favor of Sunday observance, there were half a million foreigners, nearly all of whom favor open saloons and amusements on Sunday. That Chicago is a foreign city has long been shown, yet it will not hurt the people, even if they are so largely from abroad, to keep from using intoxicants on one day of the week. The activity of the saloon keepers shows that they are the chief losers by the Sunday closing.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

"Honeycombed with corruption," was a familiar phrase in Democratic platforms and speeches in the last presidential campaign. It was promised that when a Democratic president should be elected the exposures would astonish the people. Let us see the books, they cried. We will clean things up, and then you will see the profligacy of Republican administration. Well, they have the books now. They have had them and been looking over them nearly a year. They have found nothing to complain about except meagerness of salaries. Every department clamors for larger appropriations than were allowed their predecessors. This is Democratic reform.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Miss Sarah Brown, a daughter of old John Brown, was a clerk in the San Francisco mint until a few days ago, when she was discharged by the new Democratic superintendent because of "the offensive partisanship" of her martyred father. All the same, "Old John Brown's soul goes marching on."


If I Can't Lick You, I Can Make up Mouths at Your Sister.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Wichita seems to feel that Winfield is going to outstrip her in the race for commercial supremacy and is jealous in the extreme. The Wichita papers seek opportunities to hit a dab at Winfield, exaggerating every police item or lawsuit to a horrid affair and even manufacturing scandals for Winfield out of nothing.

A Wichita correspondent of the Commonwealth says in effect that Cowley County and its townships have voted bonds to first one railroad up to legal limit and then has repeated the vote to other roads far in excess of their ability, that this renders their bonds illegal and a swindle on capitalists, false pretenses, etc.

We wish to inform the Wichita liar and all persons who might not know better than to believe him, that neither Cowley County nor any one of its townships has ever voted bonds in the aggregate in excess of its ability to deliver the goods under the law, has never failed to deliver its bonds when earned under the contract, and has never thought of such a thing as avoiding payment of interest or principal; besides, neither of these municipalities is bonded or taxed by lightly in comparison with our envious neighbor who refuses to deliver the bonds when earned under the contract.

The other day citizens of Winfield subscribed and paid in over six hundred dollars to put the Enterprise Association in funds to pay its liabilities and to pay the expenses of working up the Santa Fe branch from Douglass to Winfield. The Eagle reports the circumstances in this wise.

"Winfield wants another branch or extension of the Santa Fe system, of which that town has already two. That people held a meeting in the subject the other night at which time it was announced that General Manager Robinson had notified that city that if $3,000 per mile was subscribed as a subsidy, that the Douglass branch would be extended to Winfield. The meeting decided that Winfield had gone into debt about as far as the law would permit, but a cash subscription was gotten up and some six hundred dollars of the necessary sixty thousand were subscribed. Our neighbor is plucky when it comes to subscription papers, however they may be when pay day comes. They can beat Wichita subscribing, but Wichita under the law, can vote yet about four hundred thousand dollars in addition subsidies, without exhausting her limit according to the last assessment roll, but she don't propose to do it. Wichita didn't get the so-called Methodist college, but she has got the hill it was to have been located on, as also the exorbitant sum of money that she was asked to subscribe, but which she didn't. If Winfield really wants another connection with the Santa Fe, we hope she may get it, but the six hundred in cash subscribed ought to be enough to secure it."

We will remark that Wichita is heavier in debt than Winfield and that Winfield can vote as much more under the law as Wichita, but we quote to show the spirit. We had hoped that the Eagle would have quit whining about getting beaten in the race for the Methodist college before this. But it rankles still. Yesterday it told the McAllister matter with additions and exaggerations which made it appear ten times worse than THE COURIER did and drew the lesson therefore that Winfield was not a fit place for the Methodist College.

Poor Wichita. Poor Eagle! We sympathize with your sufferings, but we can't afford to relieve you by neglecting our opportunities to make Winfield the great commercial, manufacturing, educational, and moral emporium and railroad center of Southern Kansas.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Opolis, Crawford County, was visited by burglars last week, and the postoffice relieved of $250 besides some registered letters.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Dodge City now has a game pit and the festive game cocks are matched against each other for the entertainment of her citizens.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

A vigorous and relentless war is being waged against the billiard halls of Olathe. One of the latest organized bodies put in opposition to them are the Knights of Labor.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Out of eight criminal cases, in the last term of court, in Chautauqua County, not an acquittal resulted. This is an off year in that county for murderers, horse thieves, and rapists.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Tom Foley, a boy about 19 years old, accidentally shot and dangerously wounded a boy by the name of Ed Wirth at Parsons, December 9. Wirth's chances for living are very slight.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The Kiowa Herald complains that wolves and coyotes wander into that town at night fall and with their barks and howls greatly interfere with the sleeping citizens of that burg.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

A proclamation was recently issued by the mayor of the city of Washington, Washington County, Kansas, closing the skating rinks inside the city limits, on the grounds of immoral tendency.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The city of Marysville, Marshall County, has passed an ordinance prohibiting any person from keeping in that city at any one time more than two barrels of coal oil, and one barrel of gasoline, or fifty pounds of gunpowder.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Lenora Leader: Joe Wilson succeeded after a number of attempts in catching one of the largest beavers, one day this week, ever seen in this county. It is incredible how they are cutting and destroying the timber along the Solomon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

T. Gordon, who lives some five miles northeast of Barnes, Washington County, killed a wild cat on December 9, that measured forty and one-half inches from tip of nose to tip of tail, ten inches around the neck, and his catship stood eighteen inches in his stockings.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Garnet Plaindealer: A mad dog is playing havoc in the McCoy neighborhood east of the city. Dr. A. L. Winans has lost eight cows, and others are bitten. Others have from one to three cows bitten. But the saddest of all is that two of Mr. George Heron's children were bitten by the animal.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

F. S. Webster, the Lebo, Coffey County merchant, who recently made an assignment and was then mobbed because it was thought that he had money hid away to defraud his creditors, has now been arrested under the charge of arson, being accused of causing the big fire which recently occurred at that place.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Howard Democrat: A lady living in the northwest part of town stepped out of the door yesterday to throw the water out of her dishpan, and stepped into an open well. She went, of course, to the bottom, but never relaxed her hold on the pan, keeping it tightly grasped until she was helped out. She sustained no serious injury.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Prof. Van Deman, of Allen County, has received the appointment as chief of the pomological division of the department of Agriculture. This is a new division of the agricultural department recently created by Commissioner Colman in order to further the interests of horticulture in the United States. This is an excellent appointment.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Columbus Advocate: Notwithstanding the bad weather we understand that Solon L. Chancey is pushing to completion his mammoth new barn upon his New Windsor farm. About 65,000 feet of hard lumber has been used in constructing the frame, and it took 91,000 shingles to roof it. The building when completed, will stall 100 head of cattle, and hold 150 tons of hay.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The sheriff made a raid on the old Pennsylvania house at Salina, Thursday night, and arrested Harmon Welsh and captured a gambler's layout including poker chips, dice, etc. Welsh was arrested on a warrant sworn out by C. Hart, of Beloit, who had been enticed into the den and fleeced out of about $50 in cash besides his coat and hat. Welsh was fined $50 and sent to jail because he couldn't "ante."


Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The beautiful snow has been displaced by the hateful mudas many inches in depth as the former was in altitude.

The growing wheat comes out from under its blanket of snow as smiling and pretty as a school ma'am at the close of a term of service.

Mr. John Breedin, our blacksmith, is now prepared to do the work of this community: a public convenience long needed. His expertness as a workman is rapidly attracting custom.

We would much prefer having our spring weather in March or April. It seems that instead of courting with old Boreas of the north, Kansas is flourishing with old Sol of the equator this winter.

A Christmas tree will be decorated by Santa Claus at the Pleasant Valley M. E. Church Thursday night. The Irwin Chapel people are lending a helping hand and the exercises, of course, will be an immense success. Everybody is invited to attend.

"Rural's" explanation is satisfactory. We are glad that he is fortifying himself against the fatality afflicting our eminent statesmen. His scholarly services will quite soon be called into requisition in the management of governmental affairs.

"Mark" must have hit the bulls-eye in his shot at "Nellie Gray," judging from the manner in which she rolls up her sleeves and spits on her hands in returning his compliment contained in previous "Happenings." Compose yourself darling "Nellie," and don't waste your sweetness on the desert air.

The temperance society met at Irwin Chapel last Sunday evening. Messrs. J. W. Feuquay, West Holland, and S. Fisher entertained with some practical thoughts on the progress of prohibition. The leaven seems to be working admirably when dyed in the wool Democrats bodily take a square stand in opposition to the dram shop.

Our prospective station on the K. C. & S. S. is still a bone of contention. Our farmers are righteously indignant over the actions of the company in failing to consider fair and reasonable propositions. The farmers are unwilling to surrender the greater portion of their interests in this fertile valley for a small station on this new road when they already have one in the neighborhood on the Santa Fe. The company are standing in their own light by postponing action in regard to this matter.

The Centennial literary in District 4 is booming with an illuminated "B." The exercises of last Tuesday evening attracted a crowded house. The question, Resolved, That the use of intoxicating beverages has caused more misery than war, will be discussed by Messrs. Mose Teeter, M. H. Markham, and E. M. Garrett on the affirmative and C. S. Byers and Sim Beach on the negative. Mrs. Ella Beach and Ed Byers are the present editors of the Evening Post and present a newsy and entertaining paper. Vocal and instrumental music, query box, select reading, declamations, and dialogues are a part of each program.

While I am in the mood, it might be as well to suggest the propriety of THE COURIER punching the mail agent on this division of the Santa Fe a few vigorous punches in the short ribs, just for luck. It is a matter of frequent occurrence for him to carry mail due this office to Arkansas City and back before distributingand not unfrequently does he pitch the mail sack to the platform unlocked and the end gaping wide open. It is bad enough to wait till the following day for our DAILY without having them carried all over the country. It seems that the fates have conspired to inflict these indignities on our crossroads; and if they persist in disrespecting our rights and saluting us with their thumbs on their proboscises, something will sooner or later "drap with a dull, heavy thud."

At the risk of being considered critical, I cannot refrain from remarking that, either through inexcusable oversight or intentional carelessness, the judge's charge to the jury, in the recent teacher's trial, was omitted in the issue of the weekly COURIER. The country people were treated to voluminous criticism and comments on the motives and actions of the parties directly interested in the trial, and also to quite a dissertation on the injustice of the law in this special case, but the most valuable information connected with the whole matter and on a subject which every patron and officer of country schools would be glad to be enlightened upon was lightly passed over in THE COURIER's edition having the largest circulation of any paper in the county. We would not feel so much slighted and aggravated over the matter, but, to cap the climax, our daily of that issue, as usual, when it contains important matter, failed to reach this office and not one of the daily subscribers here received a copy of that issue. Of all the papers published in the county, and notwithstanding the fact that one of them claims the exclusive right to publish an educational department and boasts of having a short hand reporter, fails also, to publish this instructive information. We depend on the COURIER for information regarding all matters of interest transpiring in Cowley County. To intensify our feelings the writer called at THE COURIER counting rooms the following day, but utterly failed to secure a copy of said issue of the DAILYnot one left to tell the tale. Now we hope the COURIER will redeem its good reputation as a newspaper by publishing this piece of valuable information in its weekly edition or it may have a few subscribers less at these crossroads. Patience and forbearance too much imposed on, ceases to be our crowning virtue.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

How's all the folks?

The last blizzard was a blow out in this locality.

Western Chautauqua is a way ahead in the direction of railroad prospects.

What has become of the D. M. & A.? We all expected to see it emerge from a tunnel in the Flint ridge before this.

Four weeks court in Sedan has got everybody's tongue out and causes the tax-paying granger to swear muchly. Six jail birds were sent up to the pen this term.

Lon West is preparing "The Veteran of 1812" to be played in Kussra's [?] opera house on the evenings of the 10th, 11th, and 12th of January. The Grand Army is backing the play.

Dr. C. G. Smith has returned from New York City, where he has been attending medical college for the past three months. He contemplates going to Texas.

Ed Hewins and Eli Titus were in the city most of last week. Mr. Hewins is now in Topeka and on his return we expect some railroad news from the north.

Jasper has been off on a visit to the wife's people, and that's the reason he wasn't on THE COURIER deck with the rest of the force.

With the prospect for a mild winter, two railroads, large immigration, and a revival of business in the east, we are all happy in the hope that better times are at hand. Let 'em come, O Lord.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Mr. Crowell has shipped his fat sheep to Kansas City.

The weather has been quite favorable for sleighing.

George Brown is enclosing his place with wire fence.

I will try to keep THE COURIER posted in Bethel items.

Wonder why a certain young lady was not invited to the Oyster supper at B. D. Hanna's?

Mr. John Haugh has returned to his home on Grouse. Bethelites are sorry to lose him.

James Rucker and sister went to the city in a very large sleigh, a week ago last Sunday.

If you call the young folks at Bethel "young bloods," where do you find your old bloods: A slur on old Sledge.

"Old Sledge" should tell who the folks were that would not let their hired boy eat at the table when they had company.

B. D. Hanna thought that he heard a thief trying to break into his house last Friday night. He got out to see, but the fellow was out of sight.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Mr. Grandy, of Winfield, moved back on his farm.

Mrs. S. D. Fisher visited relatives in Winfield last week.

Messrs. Green and Breeden's blacksmith shop is in operation at Hackney.

Mr. Mehan is attending court at Winfield. The wheel of justice continues to turn.

A goodly number of the young folks of this neighborhood attended the lyceum at the Centennial schoolhouse, in Beaver, last week.

Mr. and Mrs. Drew lost their infant child with membrane croup. The bereaved parents have our sympathy in their sad affliction.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Reward will be given to anyone who will return or give information that will lead to the recovery of the plans and specifications of the new city building, that were lost Saturday afternoon. Willis A. Ritchie & Co., Architects.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.

Louisa A Powell to John H Tomlin, lots 4, 5, and 6, blk 174, Winfield: $1,000

Cyrus M Scott et ux to John Hilliard, lot 1, blk 93, q-c: $1.00

Ben W Matlack to John H Hilliard, lot 3, blk 93, A. C., q-c: $1.00

Lizzie B. Greer and hus to John H Hilliard, lots 26, 27, and 28, blk 93, A. C., q-c: $1.00

Irvin W Randall et ux to Elizabeth Taylor, lot 1 and e hf lot 2, blk 209, Winfield: $1,650

Erastus R Moffet To Eliza Kennedy, lot 3, blk 9, Udall: $15.00

Adolphus G Lowe et ux to Carrell Atwood, lot 12, 13, and 14, blk 34, A. C.: $2,000

John Martin to B W Matlack, n hf se qr 28-33-4e, q-c: $300.00

John Collier et ux to William Mayfield, lots 6 and 7 and n hf nw qr 28-33-3e: $2,000

Errin Elias to Ellen M Finney, n hf nw qr 9-35-7e: $2,000

Sarah V Anthis to Frank Gilkey, ne qr se qr 29-34-6e: $400

John M Harcourt et ux to Thomas F Harp, 5 acres in se qr 17-30-5e: $225

S C Leffler et ux to Elizabeth Wellman, lots 8 and 9, blk 5, Burden: $800

James H Frazier et ux to Wm H Treadway, lots 7 and 8, blk 3, and lot 12, blk 33, Burden: $1,000

Clinton Mitchell et ux to John H Hilliard et al, lot 6, blk 1, East Geuda: $2.00

F G Patton et ux to A Adams, lots 28 and 24, blk 149, A. C.: $650

Rufus C Haywood et ux to Wm H Speers, lot 18, blk 44, A. C. q-c: $1.00

Henry E Asp et ux to Gideon C Grand, lot 1, blk 14, New Salem: $50.00

Ruth Hartman et ux to G C Orand, lot 3, blk 14, New Salem: $300

New Salem Town Co to G C Orand, lot 2, blk 14, New Salem: $25.00

Mattie Farron and hus to Theodore Heinseker, lot 12, blk 183, village of Northfield: $1,000

S B Sherman et al to Sarah Frazier, lot 5, blk 2, Cambridge: $15.00

Elvia Burge and husband to Geo Emerson, lot 7, blk 330, Thompson's ad to Winfield: $600

Isaac B Stearns et ux to Willard J Wilson, s hf ne qr sec 4 and sw qr nw qr 3-32-7e: $1,200

James H Woods et ux to Albert A Woods, tract in 31-8e: $1,500

Simeon I Stearns et ux to Willard J Wilson, 480 acres in 33-31-7e: $3,800

Wm J Cox to J K Woods, lots 7, 8, and 9, 7-31-8e: $315

Benj P Bonel to J K Woods, lots 5 & 6, 7-31-8e: $220

Julius L Raney to Arthur H Smith, lot 4, sec 1, and lots 1 & 2, 2-35-7e: $800

Joseph A Clover et ux to Benj H Clover, ne qr se qr 22 & n hf sw qr & sw qr sw qr 23- 31-7e: $800

Florence A Wagner et ux to W M Chastain, nw qr 24-33-7e: $1,200

Sarah A McKinne et al to Chas M McKinne, sw qr 12-30-3e: $1,000

David F McPherson et ux to Theadore Dangeheinekin, s hf sw qr 26-30-5e, 80 acres: $1,000

Ira N Holmes et al to John R Cochran, tract in nw qr 33-32-4e: $1,000

Minena B Anderson & hus to Zlatchley A Wright, w hf nw qr 22-32-3e: $2,500

Caster T Wright to B A Wright, s hf nw qr 10-33-3e: $1.00

Geo P Wagner et ux to W M Chastain, tract in blk 5, Dexter: $450

Reuben Booth et ux to John W Dix, lot 5, blk 186, Winfield: $400

Ulysses Berger et ux to Samuel W Berger, 168 acres in nw qr 3-30-3e: $2,000

John R Cochran et ux to Ira N Holmes, lots 9 and 10, blk 94, Winfield: $1,000

Chas H Carico et ux to Frank W Smith, lots 6 and 7 and e hf sw qr 6-30-7e: $2,000

James D Lewis et ux to Alexander Busey, se qr se qr 33 and sw qr sw qr 34-33, and lot 4, 3-34-6e, 119 acres: $200

Highland Park Town Co to Chas S Goodhart, lots 7 and 8, blk 10, H P ad to Winfield: $215

William E Johnson et ux to John A Eaton, e hf nw qr 8-30-6e: $750

George A Winn to Jonathan Duncan, ne qr 7-33-5e, q-c: $1.00

Alonzo Johnson to Jno A Eaton, s hf ne qr 8-30-6e: $600

Emily Sweet and hus to J Wade McDonald, 27 lots in blocks 87, 19, 16, and 86, A. C.: $1,100

William Henry et ux to Dunham Richard, s hf ne qr 8-31-5e: $1,200

John J Davis et ux to Thomas J Becket, 128 acres in sw qr 18-32-4e: $5,900

Douglass Neal to James Moore, s hf se qr and s hf sw qr 29-32-7e: $800

New Salem Town Co to John McBeth, lot 4, blk 2, New Salem: $25.00

S H Talles et ux to S H Myton, lot 6, blk 249, Winfield: $1,000

Windsor Drury et ux to P H Green, lot 6, blk 340, Dexter: $30.00

Sam Fitzsimons to James D Evans, lot 12, blk 38, Udall: $75.00

Samuel B Sherman et al to J L Cox, lot 1, blk 11, Cambridge: $125.00

F M Freeland et ux to John R Smith, lot 12, blk 288, Winfield: $1,600

Lafayette McLaughlin et ux to Sophia A Davis, lot 15, blk 140, A. C.: $25.00

Albert A Newman et ux to Sophia A Davis, lots 16 and 17, blk 140, A. C.: $50.00

Francis L Braniger et ux to Lovell H Webb, tracts in Menor's ad to Winfield: $450

Jamison Vawter et ux to Dougal Own, 25 acres in ne qr nw qr 25-34-3e: $3,000

Isaac B Todd et ux to James W McClellan, lot 9, blk 4, Cambridge: $200.00

James W McClellan et ux to Isaac H Todd, lots 17, 18, 19, 20, and 21, blk 12, Cambridge: $1,000

McD Stapleton et ux to I B Todd, lot 9, blk 4, Cambridge: $150.00

A H Doane et ux to Charlotte Brown, lots 12, 3, 4, 5, and 6, blk 69, Winfield: $1,500


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Having put in new machinery, we will grind your corn, oats, and wheat or exchange at any time. Good meal and feed on hand, Moore Bro.'s & Co.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

If you consider your own interest, you will buy your holiday goods at Goldsmith's.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Lost. A Shepherd dog, half wolf. A liberal reward will be given if returned to Kraft & Dix.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

For Sale. Several good milch cows. J. C. McMullen.


FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The extreme mud has dulled the local markets. Very little produce is coming in. What does come finds good demand, as follows: Hogs, $2.75 to $3.10 per cwt.; corn, 28 to 30 cents; wheat, 70 to 80 cents; oats, 20 to 22 cents; hay, $4 per ton; butter, 15 to 20 cents; eggs, 15 cents; chickens, $1.50 to $2.00 per dozen; turkeys, 6 cents per pound.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

A corps of Santa Fe surveyors came down on the train yesterday and got off at Mulvane to run a line to Douglass. We are also advised that a survey is being made from Douglass to Winfield and it appears that Winfield and the townships along the proposed line from Douglass here, must at once fall into line and do their duty in voting the aid asked to secure the building of this important link and forever settle the question now as to whether the Douglass branch will go. Should the road not come down the valley, and do it now, we simply take desperate chances on what will be the future R. R. map of this part of Kansas, and when too late, thinking they will come anyway, we realize our lost opportunity, and will have left us only the saddest of all sad thoughts, "what might have been." Now is the time to push matters while our route is favorably considered and make a certainty of our hopes and expectations of getting the extension to Winfield, then we shall feel secure and not till then.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Tom H. Harrod was circulating a paper and got money to send Susan Green, who was convicted of adultery and has been lying out a sentence in our bastille, to her mother in Missouri. The officers remitted their costs and the fine was only five dollars. She is not so much to blame. The cussedness of her husband no doubt drove her to elopement with Purden. When a woman is daily beaten almost to death, living in holy terror constantly, she can't be blamed for eloping with anything. Susan, during her month or more confinement in the bastille, has shown herself to be a pleasant, innocent, peaceable woman, who, under proper influence, would make a kind, loving, and frugal wife. Nobody could exercise such traits while living with an infernal brute.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Tom Harrod is a cute one. For a week back the officers have been seeking to serve a subpoena on Jack Ellis, a witness in the Jeffries case. Thursday Tom heard that Ellis would pass through on the S. K. train. McIntire was away with the subpoena, and there wasn't a minute's time to get another. Grabbing a document, Tom made for the train, caught his man, and in a manner whose solemnity was perfect, read the subpoena, which, through habit, Thomas had learned by heart. He brought in his man and after properly delivering him, looked, just for curiosity, to see what kind of a document he had read. It was a dirty, worthless warranty deed.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Bids were opened Monday on the city building. The two lowest bids were $8,580, one from Winfield parties and the other from a Cleveland, Ohio, contractor. The contract was not awarded, but will likely be let to Winfield parties this evening. This contract will be let at a price much below Architect Ritchie's estimate of the cost of the building, as also was the contract for the basement of the M. E. College building a couple of months ago, which with his designs, is the best recommendation an architect can receive.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Mrs. Elizabeth Adams, of Vernon township, was adjudged insane by a jury in the Probate Court, Saturday. Her first insanity began eleven years ago, when she was placed in the Fulton, Missouri, asylum, remaining three years. She then gave signs of recovery. Lately growing worse, it became a necessity to put her again in the asylum. She is only insane occasionally, when she gets wild, the result of epileptic fits.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Kansas can now show up a female quartette that downs the worldMinnie Walkup, Nellie Bailey, Frankie Morris, and Alice Jeffries. Jeffries is the last link in the chain and she plugs it out handsomely. They should congregate themselves and travel on their notoriety and good looks. Barnum would give a mint for them. As a dime museum attraction, they would be immense.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Saturday was a good matrimonial dayequaling all the rest of the week together. There were three victims, Frank Hubbard and Clida Carlton; Oliver Fuller and Eva Thomkinson; Chas. Show and Ellen Eli. Judge Gans pronounced the decree cementing the last couple right on the spot, amid a shower of sweet smiles, betokening a future as tranquil as the climate of Italy.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

There was a bold attempt at burglary near Bethel last Thursday evening. Miss Howard, the teacher, stayed all night at D. B. Hanna's. In the night Mr. Hanna was aroused by a noise and running up stairs, he saw a man jump off the front porch and run away. The teacher had just drawn her salary and it is supposed the midnight prowler was after it.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The Degree of Honor of the A. O. U. W., including both ladies and gentlemen in its membership, initiated eight Friday night, and after lodge had an oyster supper and social. Mirthful toasts were indulged in and a royally good time enjoyed. About forty were present. The Degree of Honor is an A. O. U. W. adjunct, taking in only relatives of Workmen.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

A cooking range was blown up in the Douglass avenue, Wichita, the other day. It is surmised that it was blown up by giant powder by someone having a grudge against the house or the head clerk, who was blown clear through a window. The damage is about $500.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

We want the boys to have a good time Christmas, but they are a little bit too fly with their sling shots. They are not very particular where, or at what they shoot, and no doubt somebody will be minus an eye or some accident will happen to them before long.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Winfield has some stocks of goods that cannot be excelled in variety and extent by any town in the State. Cowley County people, as well as those in the western counties, cannot fail to find what they want in this town at prices that defy competition.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Ben. S. Henderson, of Sedan, one of the D., M. & A. attorneys, was in the city Tuesday. He argued before Judge Wall in the D., M. & A. injunction suit at Kingman. He is satisfied the decision will be reversed by the Supreme Court.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Burden's fine new Baptist church was dedicated last Sunday by Rev. Reider of this city. The indebtedness was only $450 and $650 was subscribed, leaving a good sinking fund. Burden is enterprise from the word go.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The children are all looking for Old Santa Claus. Parents are advised by THE COURIER's columns where his numerous headquarters are. We are fuller'n anybody: paper as pretty as a spring daisy.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Cowley Climate: Tuesday, Dec. 22. Thermometer 55 degrees in early morning; cloudy; snow all gone; muddy; tame grasses in lawns and fields carpet the ground with lively green.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Theatrical attractions are not coming so thick as a few weeks ago. The next one booked for Winfield is Lizzie Evans, on January 23rd. She is now starring in a new play.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

George Schuler got home Tuesday from two weeks eastern and southern rambles, having had a pleasurable vacation mixed with business.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Joseph Retherford and Nora Dillow got authority from the P. J. Monday to join their hands, their hearts, and their fortunes.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

George Reed has returned from Ashland, having proved up on his claim, and is back at his old place with Hendricks & Wilson.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Go to Axtel's for some of that fine home-made candy made by Hamilton & Pentecost.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.


Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Jack Hudson and Laben Moore took in the G. A. R. ball at Burden Friday evening, which they report was a fine affair.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

J. F. Younger has bought the Ninth Avenue butcher shop formerly run by Dautcherman. He'll run it in first-class style.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Geo. W. Martin, the shoe-maker, has moved his house to the lot adjoining and he will erect a fine residence on the site of the old one.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

George Corwin is in from Richfield, Kansas County, for his family. He says prospects are good out there, the town and county booming.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Cards are out for the marriage of B. W. Matlack and Miss Gertrude McMullen, at the residence of J. C. McMullen, January 1st, at 2 o'clock.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Dr. Van Doren has fitted up dental rooms over Curns & Manser's. The Doctor is well known here and will receive his share of the custom.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Frank E. Balyeat, cousin of our Frank, of the Farmers' Bank, spent Sunday in the metropolis. He is one of Arkansas City's handsomest young men.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Judge Werden, E. M. Buffington, J. P. Brady, Mrs. S. H. Gerard, and O. L. Jewitt were among the Udallites here Thursday hanging up at the St. James.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

B. M. Terrill, the fat and jolly "B." well known in Winfield's pioneer days, is hung up at the Brettun. He is now sheriff of Holbrook County, Arizona.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Willis A. Ritchie and Wm. D. Carey left last Tuesday to spend the holidays at their old homes, the former in Lima, Ohio, and the latter at Chicago, Illinois.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

J. C. Fuller and Will Wilson have moved into their elegant new office in the Winfield Bank addition. Mr. Fuller has received a new desk, which is the finest in this part of the world.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

W. H. Weir, of LaPorte, Indiana, an acquaintance of Gene Wilbur, was here Friday, prospecting. He is looking through the west for a location for a son. He was delighted with Winfield.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Messrs. B. L. Myers, of Peru, Indiana, D. H. Caine, and Homer Shanaberger, of Bunker Hill, Indiana, arrived in this city last Saturday and will remain a few days. One of them at least, Mr. Caine, will locate permanently.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Dr. Hornaday left for Indiana for a three weeks visit, Sunday. There have only been two cases of sickness in Rock township since spring and Doc. Will try the effect of his absence for a while and see if things won't improve.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

G. M. Snyder, of Monroe, Wisconsin, is here for a visit. He is an old friend and school mate of Will R. Gray. Will's seductive letters gave Mr. Snyder an elevated idea of Cowley and Winfield, and he finds no disappointment.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

C. S. Dever got off Monday for a holiday bum. He will spend a week with his folks in Topeka, and then two weeks down in Pennsylvania, withwell, we promised to keep mum and we will. Grand vacation to you, Charles.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Miss Mary Berkey will assist at the City Book Store until after the holidays. Miss Berkey will make a splendid saleslady for the firm as her manner of conversation is attractive and her ability in that capacity is unquestionable.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Mr. Gregg, our new nursery man, has returned, accompanied by his partner, Mr. Rice, with their families, and will commence active operations at once. They are live, energetic gentlemen and will prove a valuable acquisition to our community.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Mr. J. J. Davis left Friday for Green County, Ohio, to procure a car load of fine stock to bring to this county. He thinks this is the place of all others for the best grades of stock. He has recently moved here from Ohio and is highly pleased with Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

A. Stowe, an old Friend and school mate of Landlord J. A. McKibben, spent Sunday at the Central, here looking with a view of location. He is from Newton Fall, Ohio. He and Mr. McKibben had an interesting day rehearsing the antics of their school boy days.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

John Lebo, now sentenced to be hung in Butler County, Missouri, is the same John Lebo who used to run a candy stand here and who undertook to lick General Green, and several others. It looks as though the General didn't give him enough and save him this trouble.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

W. Z. Brown and party returned from an extended trip in the Territory Wednesday. They took in thirteen deer, six dozen chickens, ducks, wildcats, panthers, opossums, bears, antelope, wet feet, bad colds, and numerous other things. They had a glorious time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Misses Haidee and Edith Dennis, of Grenola, and their friend, Miss Margaret Nice, of Philadelphia, are visiting in the city. The Misses Dennis are cousins of Tom J. Eaton and young ladies of charming social qualities. They will return home tomorrow evening.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

H. R. Knox, bookkeeper for Geo. W. Moore & Co., Hartford, Connecticut, for whom P. H. Albright is agent, was here Thursday and today, shown around by Mr. Albright. This was his first trip to Kansas, and of course he was highly delighted. He left this eve for New York.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

James Mansfield, brother-in-law of O. J. Dougherty, is here from St. Louis, and will probably locate. This is the first visit to this section, but O. J.'s glowing descriptions had given him an exalted idea, all of which this visit bears out fullyif our real estate is a little doughy.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Marshal McFadden was on his muscle Mondayscraping the mud off the crossings. This is about the prettiest mud Cowley has ever had. It has taken on the consistency of wax and sticks closer than taffy. Overshoes can be found most anywhere, sticking in the mud.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Judge W. P. Campbell made us a pleasant call Thursday. He is in the city in attendance on our court. The Judge is still as hale and hearty and active as of yore, when he used to dispense justice over the bar in this county. He is enjoying a large and lucrative practice at Wichita.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

J. W. Pugsley, formerly of Winfield, but a year past in business at Mound City, is in the city. Mrs. Pugsley is visiting in Ohio. He has sold his business at Mound City and will decide this week whether he'll return to Winfield. He has property here yet. He'll locate here, of course.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Manager Myers kicks on having the elegant new Opera House floor christened hard pine. He says it is imported rock maple, the most expensive and durable flooring made. It will take several decades to wear it out. It is as hard as adamantine, and as slick as oiled lightning.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

We had a pleasant call from Mr. A. P. Carman, of Rock township, last Saturday. He has recently removed from Wisconsin, has bought a stock farm south of John Stalter's, and is going into the stock business. He is a gentleman and the kind of a man we like to see settle in Cowley.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Friday THE COURIER received a call from Mr. and Mrs. E. I. Johnson, of Sheridan. He stated that he had not been blown through a wire fence on that windy Friday; but it was a swelled head needing lancing which brought him in to Winfield. We know so far and pleasant a lady as Mrs. Johnson could not have hit him on the head.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

W. G. Wood, of Sedalia, Missouri, is here for a visit with his old friend, G. M. Copeland, with M. Hahn & Co. These gentlemen shot ideas pulled wool, threw paper wads and performed various school-boy capers together in York State, and this meeting after many years of separation is most enjoyable. Mr. Wood may conclude to locate with us. So mote it be.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The installation of the officers of Winfield Commandery's Knight Templars took place Friday night at their asylum. The following are the names of officers elected for the ensuing year: I. W. Johnston, E. C.; C. C. Black, G.; Ed P. Nelson, C. G.; W. G. Graham, P.; J. B. Nipp, Treasurer; J. D. Pryor, Rec.; P. P. Powell, S. W.; Trout, I. W.; J. S. Mann, St. B.; S. A. Cook, S. B.; J. L. M. Hill, W.; J. M. Stafford, S.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

A Florida "mistletoe" raiser sens us a bunch of that wonderful plant, stating that as a Christmas necessity it is unequaled. You place it over the door and it gives authority to kiss any lady that passes directly under it. "Mistletoe" may be necessary in the south to authorize a man in kissing the girls, but we don't need any mistletoe to do that thing in Kansas. However, we have hung that branch of mistletoe over our office door and hereby announce that we will be in our sanctum all day Christmas. And the devil will be our right bower.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

John A. Murray, county attorney of Sumner County, and Miss F. Miexsell, were married at Wellington Tuesday evening. It was one of the biggest weddings Welling has ever had, over two hundred and fifty invitations being out. The bride is a very popular young lady, the daughter of one of the most prominent citizens of that place. Mr. Murray is at the head of Sumner's legal fraternity. The Wellington Press gives the wedding five lines. The Press certainly needs a society reporter about as badly as any paper in the Union, or has a mighty narrow, pinched disposition. It ought to be ashamed of itself.


Render Unto Scissors The Things That are Scissors.

Neighboring Faberisms.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Geo. Dresser, the photographer, returns to Winfield after December 28, 1885. He goes there to take charge of D. Rodocker's gallery.

The piling for the K. C. & S. W. trestle work over the Jack Oaks is driven, and the pile driver has been moved to the Arkansas river and work is commenced on the bridge. The piling was driven Thursday.

The K. C. & S. W. railroad company has purchased the Jos. Garris farm of 155 acres down on the State line, directly south of Arkansas City. We are told that it is to be used for depot and stock yard purposes at the new town of Gabe, which is to be started soon.

Rev. S. B. Fleming has received a call from Wichita to come to that city and take charge of a preparatory school and academy. He was given ten days in which to decide whether he accept the offer or not. The Republican hopes the Reverend gentleman will decide to stay here as pastor of the First Presbyterian church or that his congregation will not let him take his departure to other fields of labor.

D. P. Marshall came into our office Monday morning and reported seeing for the first time in this section the occurrence of a mirage. Mr. Marshall resides on a farm in West Bolton township. Several miles to the northwest of his home lies the town of Geuda down in a valley. While standing in his doorway yesterday morning and looking in the direction of Geuda, he was astonished very much by beholding the entire town of Geuda Springs and Salt City. He could not believe his eyes at first, so he called his wife, who saw and proclaimed the same as he. He says the outline of the town, buildings, etc., was plainly visible.

The country newspaper man of fifty years ago aspired to be a "literary fellow," wore his hair long and unkempt, and wrote long editorials upon profound and abstruse subjects. The country editor of today is a businessman, wears his hair and editorials short, and is a success in proportion as he has snap, push, and business capacity in him. Brevity, conciseness, incisivenessquality not quantityis now the rule in all well regulated newspapers. And the mission to occupy the fieldpublish all the news and reflect the daily life of all the community in which your lot is cast.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Last week, the last one before the attaching of the first five per cent penalty to unpaid taxes, was a lively one in the County Treasurer's office. Capt. Nipp and his rapid and accurate assistants, John W. Arrowsmith, Lewis Conrad, Frank Weaverling, and Bob Nipp, were kept on the jump from early morn till late at night, getting only one or two square dinners during the week. Sheckles were raked in, as follows:

Monday, $2,468.05; Tuesday, $4,075.15; Wednesday, $5,075.21; Thursday, $4,070.24; Friday, $4,112.64; Saturday, $20,773.10. Total: $40,574.30.

Saturday's receipts were the largest for one day in the history of the county. On that day the taxes of the S. K. and S. F. were paid. The whole week averages with, and go ahead, of last year, in the total. This shows good prosperity. When you come to get the work of the treasurer's office for last week down to a fine point, the amount is astonishing. The receipt stubs will average about twenty dollars apiece. Figure up your average and you'll find that, outside of the railroad tax, over two hundred tax receipts were turned out daily. Imagine now how many men it takes for that many receipts and you've got a bee hive of no miniature consideration. And they were all waited on with neatness and dispatch. Nobody had to wait long. Receipts were flying out of four windows at once, backed up by the genial smile and accommodating manner of County Treasurer Nipp, who is certainly the fulfillment of that ancient saying, "the right man in the right place." The 20th coming on Sunday, Treasurer Nipp extended grace over Monday, which was the biggest legitimate tax day of the year, $9,696.76. The office was a continual jam all day.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The city rulers met in regular session Tuesday night. Present: Mayor Graham and Councilmen Connor, Jennings, Crippen, Harter, and Baden. Absent: Councilmen McDonald, Myers, and Hodges.

Petition of remonstrance against removal of draymen from Main street was filed. The draymen need fear no action. Less congregation of their wagons will be the only requirement.

Bill of A. A. Abbott, repairing grader, $3.25, was referred back, to collect of party who had it done.

Bill of Water Company, hydrant rental to January 1, 1885, $1,572.50, was referred.

Bill of C. C. Pierce, $1.50, team and carriage, ordered paid.

Pauper claims of J. W. Johnston, coffin, $10, and W. G. Graham, coal, $1.50, were referred to County Commissioners for payment.

Commissioner on streets and alleys reported that the west bridge, now the City's property, needed a new floor and approach guards and the irons tightened, and such work was ordered.

The marshal reported having secured a person to remove paupers to poor house or grave yard at one dollar per trip.

The mayor was appointed to represent the city at the annual meeting of the stockholders of the K. C. & S. W. R. R. Co., January 6, 1886.

The city attorney was instructed to dismiss proceedings of City vs. Henry Goldsmith.

A number of bids for the construction of the city building were presented, and Councilmen Crippen, Conner, and Harter appointed to examine them, with Architect Ritchie, and report at a special meeting tonight at 7 o'clock, to when the council adjourned.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

John A. Eaton has received the following.

"I received today a slip from one of your city papers giving the particulars of a meeting held in your city in regard to the Florence, Eldorado & Walnut R. R. As I expect to become a citizen of your city the coming spring, and as I take an interest in her welfareyou will oblige me by subscribing to the Winfield Enterprise Association fund for me, five dollars towards canvassing the enterprise. If you have forgotten me, Mr. S. A. Cook will tell you who I am. J. B. Mabury."

Mr. Mabury was here on a visit to his old friend, S. A. Cook, a few weeks ago. He was charmed with the prospects of our grand city and county and at once determined to locate. He is a man of means, and this letter exhibits enterprise and public spirit that is readily appreciated. It is evidence of a valuable acquisition. He hails from Ohio.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

J. Q. Ashton, of Arkansas City, wanted to bid on the Winfield City Building. Architect Ritchie let him take the plans and specifications, to figure on at home. He put them in his buggy, and about five o'clock, before starting to Arkansas City, hitched his team on Main street for a few minutes. He came back to find them gone. This is a mean trickcould not have been done through nothing but the smallest spirit. The party taking them could have had no use for them, and might have caused great trouble and delay, and a big loss to W. A. Ritchie. But he is always prepared for such an episodealways makes two copies of all plans and specifications. He is safe, with only the time and expense of making additional copies. It was a dirty trick, whoever did it.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Tom A. Blanchard and Tom H. Harrod swear that THE COURIER was partial in its report of the Jeffries hugging bee. Each declares that he was specially honored by fair Alice, and don't propose being left out in the cold, reportorially speaking. It was Tom Harrod who kept the court from adjourning until the circus was overwaiting for Alice to get to him.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Mrs. Peter Howard, living near the brick yard, died Friday last, and was buried Saturday, in the south cemetery. The funeral services were conducted by Rev. Snyder. She was a woman of admirable disposition, generous, energetic, and ambitiouscut off in the vigor of womanhood. She leaves a husband, but no children.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Willis A. Ritchie left Tuesday, via the K. C. & S. W., for a holiday vacation with the folks at home, Lima, Ohio. He certainly returns with a splendid recorda remarkable amount of work caged in four months. He is one of the best architects in the west, and his abilities are being splendidly recognized. He will be back in two weeks.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Florence Shannon, a bright lad of thirteen, died Sunday evening at his home, in the eastern part of the city, of hemorrhage of the lungs. He had been afflicted for years with lung trouble. The funeral was well attended yesterday afternoon, from the Presbyterian church, conducted by Rev. J. C. Miller.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

J. N. and E. H. Macbeth of Pantoni, Illinois, fell in on THE COURIER Monday with their old friend, Clarence Murdock. They have determined to move west and are highly pleased with our city and county. They went west on the S. K. today, to return for a further view.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Farm loans made from one day to five years, at lowest rates, by H. G. Fuller & Co.


A Cleveland, Ohio, Contractor Gets the Construction of the City Building,

For $8,580.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The City Fathers held a special meeting Tuesday night, at which the railroad election for the Florence, El Dorado & Walnut railroad was called for January 27th, 1886, and the contract for the City Building let. K. T. Uhl, of Cleveland, Ohio, got the contract for constructing the City Building. He is a member of a prominent contracting firm of Cleveland, who have determined to locate in Winfield in the spring. This is the reason they put in this bid, to introduce themselves. Our Winfield contractors declare that Uhl contributes $1,500 to introduce himself. Our contractors figured as closely as possible and couldn't get within a thousand dollars of Uhl's bid.

The contractor must give good and sufficient bond, with Cowley County sureties, to construct the building according to the plans and specifications, by July 1st, 1886, with a forfeit for every week's delay thereafter. Uhl has the best recommendations and will no doubt do as good work as can be done. We had hoped to see one of our old contractors get this work, but they couldn't come closer than a thousand dollars to Uhl's bid and the council could do nothing but award it to the lowest responsible bidder. The contract let at just about Architect Ritchie's estimate. The fact that Uhl will make Winfield his home, makes his getting the contract more acceptable. This will give the labor to our home mechanics and laborers and keep the money all at home, as would have been the case had one of our old contractors controlled it.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

State vs. John Kearns, peace warrant, tried by court: taken under advisement and defendant remanded to jail.

State vs. L. Lounier [Tournier], charged with selling whiskey on an island in the Arkansas just below the mouth of the Walnutdefendant plead not guilty, claiming the island to be from under the jurisdiction of the State of Kansas. Trial by court, and finding of guilty. Adjudged that defendant pay a fine of $100, be imprisoned 30 days, and pay costs of this action. Lounier [Tournier] is about seventy-five years old and made a very frank statement. He thought his U. S. river license would protect him. He is poor as a church mouse and will not be able to pay the fine or costs.

S. K. railroad vs. L. B. Stone, county treasurerdemurrer to petition overruled and judgment by default, perpetually enjoining collection of tax, plaintiff to pay costs.

Amos K. Jones vs. George Heffronjudgment for plaintiff, defendant to pay costs.

James S. Sterrett vs. Joseph W. Calvin, et alplaintiff given leave to amend petition; defendant given 30 days to answer; plaintiff 10 days to reply.

Anna Mabee vs. Ezra A. Mabeedivorce decreed on grounds of extreme cruelty and adultery; she given property described in information as alimony and the custody of minor children. Defendant to pay costs of this suit.

J. S. Crabtree vs. The Traveler's Insurance Company. Dismissed on motion of plaintiff.

[Newspaper got his name wrong: Jerry McGee is correct. See A. C. papers.]

The case of the State vs. Jerry McKee [McGee], charging him with trying to burn the Leland hotel at Arkansas City, was begun today before the following jury: H. C. McDorman, Levi Buck, Theodore Heineken, J. Linton, Jerry Weekly, C. McIlwain, Theodore Stevenson, John Meham, D. L. Henderson, G. P. Haycraft, and J. N. Henry. But two or three witnesses have been examined so far. There are a dozen or more witnesses in the case. It will probably take two days or more to try it. The prosecution is conducted by Hackney & Asp, county attorneys, and the defense by Judge Sumner, of Arkansas City.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The injunction suit against the D., M. & A, enjoining Kingman County from delivering the bonds voted to that road, came up before Judge Wall at Kingman, last week. The plaintiff was represented by Gillett & Whitelaw, county attorneys of Kingman, and H. W. Hagaman, a S. F. attorney from Topeka, and the defense by Peckham & Henderson, of Sedan; Lydecker & Leslie, of Kingman, and Hon. R. Hatfield, of Wichita. The case was ably argued on both sides, excepting a noticeable compulsory strain on the part of the plaintiff. Judge Wall took the case under advisement and Saturday last delivered his opinion, granting a temporary injunction against the delivery of one hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars of bonds voted by Kingman County to the Denver, Memphis & Atlantic railway. The court decided that the Denver, Memphis & Atlantic railway was chartered as a narrow gauge railway and had no power to build and operate a standard gauge, and with its contract with the county to build and operate a standard gauge was ultra vires, and that the bonds issued and in escrow with the Bank of Kingman were null and void. This decision, if sustained, will overthrow all bonds issued to the Denver, Memphis & Atlantic railway in this state by various cities, townships, and counties, amounting in the aggregate to about a million dollars. The Company will appeal the case at once to the Supreme Court. Lawyers of wide experience and ability declare that Wall's opinion will never stick in the higher court. The D., M. & A. are all ready for aggressive work on their line and mean to push the result of this injunction, that as little delay as possible will be experienced. It may take a special act of the Legislature to validate the bondsif the supreme court confirms Wall's decision.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

J. J. Burns, president of the D., M. & A. Company, was in the city today from Belle Plaine. He says that this injunction suit can't possibly delay work on this line longer than a monthnot longer than the weather would possibly delay. He says the best legal authority claim that the words "narrow gauge" or "standard gauge" are superfluous in any charter; that merely a railroad company is chartered, and that the stipulations as to the kind of a road to be built rest entirely between the company and the people voting the bonds. He has no fear that the supreme court will sustain Wall's decisionis certain it will reverse it. The company has everything in readiness for active operations, as soon as a favorable decision is made.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Among the leading and substantial men of this county who have visited THE COURIER office in the last few days are: James E. Hattery, of Omnia; Andrew Hattery, of Omnia; John K. Snyder, of Rock; Leonard Stout, of Ninnescah; J. H. Wooley, of Pleasant Valley; C. M. McKinney, of Maple; B. H. Clover, of Windsor; W. L. Crowell, of Walnut; C. M. Easley, of Spring Creek; S. C. Cunningham, of Ninnescah; J. W. Buhrlage, of Ninnescah; E. E. Young, of Ninnescah; S. A. Smith, of Dexter; Louis P. King, of Beaver; J. R. Sumpter, of Beaver; R. G. Burleson, of Tisdale; Irving Cole, of Dexter; and W. M. Taylor, of Ninnescah.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

To the public I wish to state that the affairs of the late Farmer's and Merchant's Bank, of Oxford, have been satisfactorily adjusted, I having paid every outstanding draft and every certificate of deposit, dollar for dollar. No man has or shall lose a dollar through me. The Bank will resume business again about January 1st, 1886, under the management of J. C. Brewster and L. J. Buchanan, the former, cashier, with a capital of twenty-five thousand dollars. It has been thought best to change the name of the Bank, and it will hereafter be known as the Sumner County Bank. James Brewster, Oxford, Kansas, December 19, 1885.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Ten head of fine Hereford bulls for sale. From good native cows and full blood Hereford bull, registered in American Herd book, Vol. 3. 8 miles south and 2 miles east of Oxford.

L. F. Johnson.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

On and after March 1st, 1886, the sw ½ of section 3, township 33, range 3, in Beaver township, owned by A. E. Story. A. H. Green, Agent.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

$5 reward for any information leading to the recovery of my white bull pup; ears trimmed round and long tail. John Hudson at Hudson Bros.


Grain and Provisions.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

I skipped this long report. Covered St. Louis, Chicago, New York, and Kansas City markets. Very tiny. Next to impossible to read accurately. MAW


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

WHEREAS the Board of County Commissioners of Cowley County, in the State of Kansas, at a special meeting duly convened on the 22nd day of December, A. D. 1885, duly made and caused to be entered of record in the office of the County Clerk of said County, the following order, to-wit:

NOW, on this 22nd day of December, A. D. 1885, at a special meeting of the Board of County Commissioners of Cowley County, State of Kansas, duly convened, present, S. C. Smith, Chairman; J. A. Irwin and Amos Walton, Commissioners, comes Jno. M. Harcourt, a resident tax payer of Rock Creek Township, in said Cowley County, and with him comes Sixty other resident tax-payers of said Township, and present their petition in writing to the Board of County Commissioners of said County, praying that a special election be called in said Township, for the purpose of submitting to the qualified voters of said Township, a proposition for said Township to subscribe for One Hundred and Eighty (180) shares, of One Hundred ($100) Dollars each, of the capital stock of the Florence, El Dorado and Walnut Valley Railroad Company, and in payment therefor to issue to said Railroad Company Eighteen bonds of said Rock Creek Township, of the denomination of One Thousand ($1,000) Dollars each, said bonds to be payable upon the terms and conditions in said petition mentioned and described, and the said Board of County Commissioners having duly heard, examined and considered said petition, and the evidence of witnesses introduced to support thereof, doth find: That said petition is in writing, that said petition is signed by more than two-fifths of the resident tax-payers of said Rock Creek Township, and is in all respects in conformity with the law. The following being a copy of said petition, to-wit:

To the Honorable Board of County Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas:

We the undersigned, your petitioners, being resident tax-payers and legal voters of Rock Creek Township, in the said County and State, respectfully petition your Honorable Body to submit to the qualified electors of said Rock Creek Township for their acceptance or rejection, at a special election to be ordered by your Honorable Body, under and in pursuance of the laws of the State of Kansas, and an act entitled "An Act to Enable Counties, Townships and Cities to Aid in the Construction of Railroads, and to Repeal Section Eight of Chapter 39 of the Laws of 1874," which took effect February 29th, 1876, and amendments thereto, the following proposition, with terms and conditions herein specified, to-wit:

Shall the Rock Creek Township, Cowley County, in the State of Kansas, subscribe for One Hundred and Eighty shares of One Hundred Dollars each, of the capital stock of the Florence, El Dorado and Walnut Valley Railroad Company, a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the State of Kansas, and in payment therefor, issue to said Railroad Company Eighteen bonds of said Rock Creek Township, of the denomination of One Thousand Dollars each; said bonds to be payable to the bearer at the fiscal agency of the State of Kansas, in New York City, thirty years after the date thereof, bearing interest at the rate of six per cent per annum payable annually, for which interest coupons shall be attached, payable at the fiscal agency aforesaid.

This subscription of stock and issue of Bonds to be upon the following conditions, namely: As soon as said proposition shall be determined in the affirmative, by canvass of the votes cast at said election, the Board of County Commissioners of said County of Cowley, for and in behalf of said Rock Creek Township shall order the County Clerk to make, and the County Clerk shall make, said subscription, in the name of said Township for said One Hundred and Eighty shares of capital stock of said Railroad Company; and when the Railroad of said Railroad Company shall be built of standard gauge, and completed, and in operation, by lease or otherwise from its present terminus at Douglass, Butler County, Kansas, to a connection with the Railroad of the Wichita and South Western Railway Company, at or near the junction of that Railroad with the Railroad of the Southern Kansas Railway west of Winfield, in the County of Cowley, in the State of Kansas, or to a connection with the Southern Kansas Railway or the Wichita & South Western Railway at any point between said junction and a point one-half mile east of present depot of the Southern Kansas Railway, at Winfield, the said Florence, El Dorado and Walnut Valley Railroad Company shall receive Eighteen Thousand Dollars of said bonds and issue One Hundred and Eighty shares of stock therefor.

The said Board of County Commissioners shall cause such bonds, with interest coupons attached, as aforesaid, to be issued in the name of said Township of Rock Creek and shall deliver the same to said Railroad Company on delivery or tender to the Treasurer of said Township by said Railroad Company, of certificates for its share of fully paid up capital stock of said Railroad Company, equal in amount with said bonds dollar for dollar; provided said Railroad shall be built and completed and in operation on or before the 1st day of November, 1886; and provided further, that said Railroad Company shall construct a suitable depot building, and side tracks at some convenient point in said Township.

And it is also to be stipulated and agreed between said Railroad Company and said Township by the delivery and acceptance of said eighteen bonds and exchange therefor of said capital stock, that said shares of said capital stock, and the subscription therefor by said Township, shall be valid and binding, irrespective of the authorized capital stock of said Railroad Company, which shall be otherwise taken and subscribed for.

The ballots to be used at said election shall be in the following form to-wit: The ballot in favor of said proposition shall contain these words: "For the subscription of stock and issue of bonds to the Florence, El Dorado and Walnut Valley Railroad Company." And the ballot against said proposition shall contain these words: "Against the subscription of stock and issue of bonds to the Florence, El Dorado and Walnut Valley Railroad Company."

NOW therefore, pursuant to the prayer of said petition, and in compliance with the laws of the State of Kansas, and an Act entitled "An Act to Enable Counties, Townships and Cities to Aid in the Construction of Railroads and to Repeal Section 8, Chapter 39, of the Laws of 1874," which took effect February 29, A. D. 1876, and the amendments thereto. It is therefore ordered and declared by the said Board of County Commissioners, that the prayer of said petitioners be and is hereby granted, and that a special election be held in said Rock Creek Township at the usual place of holding elections therein on

WEDNESDAY, the 27th day of JANUARY, A. D. 1886,

and that thirty days notice of said election be given by the Sheriff of said County as hereinafter provided; and at said election the said proposition as set forth in said petition shall be submitted to the qualified voters of said Township, and as soon as said proposition shall be carried at such election and shall be determined in the affirmative by a canvass of the votes cast at such election, the Board of County Commissioners of said County of Cowley for and on behalf of said Rock Creek Township shall order the County Clerk to make, and said County Clerk shall make, such subscription of stock in the name of the Rock Creek Township for One Hundred and Eighty (180) shares of the capital stock of said Florence, El Dorado and Walnut Valley Railroad Company, and the said Board of County Commissioners shall, at the time hereinafter mentioned, cause said bonds, with interest coupons attached to be made out in the name of said Rock Creek Township, to be signed by the Chairman of the Board of County Commissioners of said County of Cowley, attested by the County Clerk of said County, and said bonds shall be of the denomination of One Thousand ($1,000) dollars each, and shall be payable to the bearer at the fiscal agency of the State of Kansas in New York City, thirty years after the date thereof, and shall bear interest at the rate of six per cent per annum, payable annually; for which interest coupons shall be attached to said bonds as aforesaid, payable at the fiscal agency aforesaid. And when the said Railroad of the said Railroad Company shall be built of standard gauge, and completed and in operation by lease or otherwise, from its present terminus at Douglass, in Butler County, Kansas, to a connection with the Railroad of the Wichita & Southwestern Railway Company at, or near the junction of that Railroad with the Railroad of the Southern Kansas Railway Company west of Winfield, in the County of Cowley, State of Kansas, or a connection with the Southern Kansas Railway, or the Wichita & South Western Railroad at any point between said junction and a point one-half mile east of the present depot of the Southern Kansas Railway, at said City of Winfield, then the said Florence, El Dorado & Walnut Valley Railroad Company shall receive the said Eighteen thousand ($18,000) dollars of said bonds, being Eighteen bonds of the denomination of One Thousand ($1,000) dollars each as aforesaid, and the said Florence, El Dorado & Walnut Valley Railroad Company shall, at the same time it receives said bonds, make out, execute under seal of said Railroad Company, and deliver to the Treasurer of said Rock Creek Township in the name of and for the benefit of said Rock Creek Township, certificates of full paid stock of the capital stock of said Railroad Company, in an amount equal to the amount of the bonds of said Rock Creek Township so received by it, dollar for dollar in exchange therefor, and in consideration thereof, provided: That said Railroad shall be built and completed, and in operation, by lease or otherwise as aforesaid, on or before the First day of November, A. D. 1886, and a suitable depot building and side tracks shall be constructed at some convenient point in said Township.

The ballots to be used at such special election for and against the proposition to take stock and issue bonds therefore as recited shall be in the following form, to-wit: The ballot in favor of said proposition shall contain these words: "For the subscription of stock and issue of bonds to the Florence, El Dorado & Walnut Valley Railroad Company."

And it is further ordered that the sheriff of said Cowley County, make due proclamation of the holding of said election to the voters of said Rock Creek Township, of the time and place of the holding thereof by publishing the same for at least thirty days preceding the time of the holding of said election as required by law, in the WINFIELD COURIER, a weekly newspaper published and printed in the City of Winfield, in said County of Cowley, and of general circulation in said Rock Creek Township, and that in said proclamation he set forth the foregoing order and proceedings of said Board of County Commissioners in full.

Done by the Board of County Commissioners, of Cowley County, in the State of Kansas the 22nd day of December, A. D. 1885. S. C. SMITH, J. A. IRWIN, AMOS WALTON,

Board of County Commissioner of Cowley County, Kansas.

Attest: [SEAL] J. S. Hunt, County Clerk.

STATE OF KANSAS, Cowley County, ss.

I, J. S. Hunt, County Clerk of said county of Cowley, in the state of Kansas, do hereby certify the above and foregoing, to be a full and true and correct copy of the order of the Board of County Commissioners of said Cowley County, concerning the matters therein set forth, made and caused to be entered on record in my office as such County Clerk, this 22nd day of December, A. D., 1885. [SEAL] J. S. HUNT, County Clerk.


Now, therefore, I, G. H. McIntire, Sheriff of said county of Cowley, under and by virtue of the foregoing order of the Board of County Commissioners of said county and the authority vested in me by law as such Sheriff, do hereby proclaim and make known to the qualified voters of Rock Creek Township, in the county of Cowley, State of Kansas, that there will be held in the said Rock Creek township, on

WEDNESDAY, the 27 day of JANUARY, 1886,

a special election at the usual voting precinct in said Rock Creek Township, upon the proposition as set forth in the foregoing order of the Board of County Commissioners of said Cowley County, and in the manner and form as herein set forth, and that said election will be held, the returns made and the result ascertained in the same manner as provided by law for general election.

Done at the Sheriffs office in the city of Winfield, in the county of Cowley, State of Kansas, this, 22nd day of December, A. D., 1885.

G. H. McINTIRE, Sheriff of Cowley County, Kansas.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Recap Sheriff's Sale by G. H. McIntire of property January 25, 1886, to settle M. L. Read and M. L. Robinson vs. The Winfield Creamery. Said property was appraised at $1,600.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Recap Sheriff's Sale by F. W. Finch, Deputy to Sheriff G. H. McIntire of property on January 25, 1886, to settle Eliza Reihl, Plaintiff, vs. Joseph Likowski, Defendant. Undivided one-fourth interest in Lot No. 8, Block 101, Winfield.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.


In order to show to the public in general my appreciation of the last years liberal patronage, I will, from now until New Years' day, distribute, for the trifling sum of


Ten Yards of best Standard Calico to each customer. This will make a useful present to many a needy family. Wishing you all a MERRY CHRISTMAS and a HAPPY NEW YEAR, I am Respectfully yours,

S. KLEEMAN, 813 Main Street.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.


To All People Greeting.

I, Santa Claus, have made arrangements with Howland & Co., at the Dollar Store, to fill all my orders for Christmas presents, at lower prices than ever offered, and wish all to call and examine their large stock of Holiday Goods.

Santa Claus, at the Dollar Store!

The Old Dollar Store is again filled with the largest and cheapest stock of Holiday Goods ever offered to the people of Cowley County. Call and see us and be convinced that this is the place to buy your Christmas, New Year, Birthday, and Wedding Presents.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

Perfection Weather Strip.

I am now handling the best and cheapest weather strip in the market. It will keep your carpets dry, or no sale. Call and examine it at my carpenter shop.

East 10th., opposite Constant's Boarding House.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.


Contractors & Builders,

Shop, with steam power, near the corner of Main Street and 11th Avenue.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.



Shelf and Heavy Hardware.

The Celebrated Hawkeye Barb Wire a Specialty.


and a full assortment of Shelf Hardware.

Our motto is "Honest dealing and small profits." Come and see us.

East 9th Avenue, opposite Ferguson's Livery Stable.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.


Champion Furniture Store, South Main St., West side.

Don't fail to call when you want anythingfrom a Picture Nail to a Parlor Suit. I will not be undersold (quality considered) by any dealer in these woods. Chairs till you can't rest, for child, miss or adult.

Tables, Stands, Bedsteads, Sofas, Bedroom Sets, Parlor Sets,

Mouldings, Picture Frames, Etc., Etc.

N.B.A full line of Caskets, Burial Cases, Robes, etc. Will take charge of funerals city or country. Satisfaction guaranteed in all cases. Remember the place.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.


The Old Reliable Drayman

Will deliver your depot freight, or anything you want delivered, with dispatch and entire satisfaction. His 13 years' dray business in Winfield make his reliability unquestioned. Find him any where on the street.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 24, 1885.

The city draymen are hot at the petitions that have been presented to the City Council seeking to banish them from Main street, while awaiting jobs. The first petition resulted in an order for the marshal to require them to stand their drays in west Ninth avenue, near the bus barns, when not employed. They wouldn't have it, consulted an attorney, and were informed that legally they didn't have to, and they didn't. The marshal was told to go to sheol. At the last meeting of the city rulers, another petition was presented, asking an ordinance either compelling the draymen to keep a block from Main Street or have their license raised to $50. The City Fathers had examined the matter and satisfied themselves that no location restrictions would be legal. The draymen pay for a privilegeshould have more leniency than a common traveler. If any one of them blockade the street, there is an ordinance under which he can be handled individually. The draymen bring in considerable revenue to the city, pay their licenses promptly, and are worthy of a location where they can reasonably command the most business. The dray business is not lucrative. At this season it is considerable strain for a living. It would be an outrage to make the license $50 a year. Not a fifth of the thirty-two draymen now licensed in the city could possibly pay it. Their work is out doors. To compel them to stand way off Main street, away from any windbreak and an opportunity for an occasional glance at a stove and where the liability of business is very dim would be an equal outrage to the $50 business. The draymen pay for the freedom of the street and ought to have it. What wants to be done is to have less congregation of their wagons. When together they block the street and are an inconvenience and danger to pedestrians. The draymen express a willingness to scatter out, and take up as little room as possible. They are disposed to be fair, if the people and city rulers are fair. Give the draymen a chance, so long as they conform to the stipulations of their license and the common requirements of the traveling public.

[The above article might have been printed in previous issue.]




The S. K. Passenger Train Derailed and Demolished by a Jagged Bluff.


The Passengers Considerably Shaken Up and Cut by Glass and Splinters.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The east-bound passenger on the Southern Kansas, Friday evening, struck a broken rail about a mile west of town, throwing the baggage car, smoker, and two day coaches into the ditch, leaving only the sleeper, front trucks of the mail car, and the engine on the track. The engineer saw the broken rail before he struck it and turned on the air brakes, but the baggage car in jumping the track, knocked her air cylinder off, rendering connection with the cars following that impossible. The front trucks of the smoker slipped her sockets and, turning endways, were tumbled end over end under the car, causing them to pitch and toss much like a ship in a heavy sea. Running out almost to the rails of the track, just where the accident occurred, is an abrupt bluff of jagged rock. This bluff completely demoralized the side of the car and windows, filling the car with flying glass and splinters much to the discomfort of the passengers, who were vainly trying to climb up to the other sides. The ladies' car was also thrown almost on its side, causing a general mixture of scared females and equally as badly scared men, who hadn't presence of mind enough to grab a seat before they tipped. Fortunately, no one was hurtthat is, badly hurt. A few passengers in the smoker and the train boy received a few cuts about their hands and person by the flying glass. The escape of at least half the passengers with no injuries whatever was most marvelous, for all on the right hand side of the train were exposed to more or less chance of being badly hurt. It was quite ludicrous, after the danger was all over, to see the crowd of passengers, each holding on to his or her seat or window sill, and gazing at each other with blanched cheeks and voiceless tongues, unable to understand the situation and fearful of unknown and expectant dangers. When finally made to understand their true position, everybody shuffled out as well as they could by bracing themselves against the ends of the seats, took an inventory, found everybody safe, and most of the men walked the remainder of the distance to town. Some of our citizens were on the train with their families, whom they had to bring to town in vehicles, among them being Dr. Emerson and wife, Joe Harter and wife, Dr. Chamberlain, Mat Ewart, and Miss Anna Hunt, who Christmassed in Wellington. The loss to the railroad company is very great. At least two of the coaches are totally demolished, and the running gear and air brake apparatus of two or three more are in bad condition. The wrecking train was telegraphed for to Wellington, and was soon on the field of action. In connection with the section men here, they are succeeding in clearing the track and fixing it up, and all trains run on schedule time after Saturday noon.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Henry E. Asp was caned, silvered, and broomed last night. His services to the city of Winfield in securing the K. C. & S. W. railroad and in every public enterprise for the advancement of our splendid city have always been spontaneous, indomitable, and effective. This merry Christmas time was the occasion for a demonstration of appreciation. Accordingly an elegant silver tea set and water service, a beautiful gold-headed cane, anda jump from the sublime to the ridiculousa thirty-five cent broom, were secured as tokens by the following representative gentlemen of the city: Rev. B. Kelley, M. L. Robinson, W. C. Robinson, J. L. M. Hill, Senator Jennings, D. A. Millington, T. H. Soward, J. C. Long, Sol Burkhalter, Judge Gans, Col. Whiting, Senator Hackney, H. H. Siverd, J. L. Horning, and Ed P. Greer.

Word had been sent to Mr. Asp that a committee must meet him at his office on important railroad business. The above named gentlemen gathered at THE COURIER office, in the evening, preparatory for an onslaught on Mr. Asp's home. Two of the party were sent after the tokens, which were placed in a big basket and carefully covered up. But the railroad committee didn't turn up at the proper hour, and Henry got uneasy and popped into the crowd in THE COURIER office. Mr. Robinson hustled him out with some difficulty, while a man rushed over to tell the basket fellows to shun THE COURIER office, and the said fellows darted into a lunch room and hid their basket under the counter. Then the party, basket in hand and broom on shoulder, raided Henry's home, taking his wife completely by surprise. Henry was sent for, at his office, with the word that a committee from Geuda were over and had gone to his house, that the interview might be more secluded. The surprise was complete. Rev. Kelly made a very neat presentation and Mr. Asp responded in an eloquent little speech, full of deep feeling and warm appreciation. The water service was beautifully engraved: "Presented to Henry E. Asp by citizens of Winfield, in recognition of his services for our city." It was one of the happiest surprises of Mr. Asp's lifeone doubly merited by his indefatigable efforts in behalf of Winfield.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

A little fright may take the starch out of a man occasionally, but he generally rallies as soon as he finds out that he is in no real danger. We passed through the dangers of the railroad accident safely yesterday, and have sufficiently recovered from our fright to be able to say that Winfield is still the banner town of Southern Kansas. We spent Christmas in Wellington, took dinner with our friend, Luke Herring, the nice young man of the Standard, and were told that Wellington led the procession in the growth of Kansas towns, and had more business in her to the square inch than any young city west of the Mississippi. We found her businessmen congratulating themselves and each other on their big Christmas sales. The hotels are doing a big businessespecially the Arlington, whose bill of fare for Christmas dinner was headed, "modern Kansas drug store, in a horn"and all private and individual enterprises full of life and activity. But, alas, the town itself is in a bad fix. The boilers to the engines of the water works company are both burnt out; they are unable to run, there is no water in her pipes, and she has to adopt the Arlington drink or go without. How long this state of things may continue is unknown, but for the sake of Wellington, we hope not long. Winfield has a system of water works that never kicks, public wells or fountains on all her business squares, and our little Walnut river ain't no slouch.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Another illicit whiskey vendor has come to griefG. W. Hall, who kept kegs of "rot gut" in his room in the Lindell Hotel bath house, and peddled it in bottles at a dollar a pint. Constables Siverd and McFadden got on to his racket and soon had some of his forty-rod encased for evidence. Friday he was pulled and tried before Judge Snow. The evidence was of the kind that knocks a violator down at first sight. He got $200 fine and ninety days in jail. He hasn't the wherewith to pay the $200, but is simply able to lay out the bastille sentence, which will be an effective pill. He came here a few weeks ago from Licking, Ohio, and has been receiving letters under another name than Hall, supposedly from his wife.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

A thrill of ecstatic joy crept through the delicate frame of District Clerk Pate Monday on hauling from an envelope a draft payable to himself. He at first thought some rich relative had opened his heart in a big Christmas present. He read: "State of Felicity, January 1st, 1885. The National Bank of Prosperity, at sight pay to the order of the Clerk of the District Court of Cowley County, three hundred and sixty-five happy days, for value received, and charge to account of the Bank of Fortune, State of Happiness, capital stock unlimited." Ed didn't quite faint, but he wanted to. Such a strain on sweet anticipation ought to be severely punished. It was only a measly stationary advertisement.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Very many of the schools will observe "Kansas day." Every school in the State should. No teacher can better employ the 29th of January than by making a gala day of it on which pupils are given the opportunity to tell all they know about Kansas and listen to all their teacher can tell them of the great subject.


Its Grand Celebration in Winfield.

Christmas Tree, Amusements, and Glorious Life.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Christmas was grandly celebrated in Winfield. Never in the history of Cowley County has such generosity and good cheer been displayed. All our merchants report an unprecedented trade in holiday goods. The past year has been a prosperous one. With individual prosperity came general prosperity and all felt in a gift giving mood. The number of little stockings filled and the number of little and big ones made happy by Kris Kringle's annual visit is wonderful. And the number of fat turkeys sacrificed on the altar of appetite is equally wonderful. Baden sold over four hundred turkeys, Thursday, and a thousand pounds of dressed chicken. And the other poultry dealers made remarkably big sales. Those unable to buy turkeys were not forgotten. P. H. Albright's seventy-five charity turkeys, distributed by Capt. Siverd and Marshal McFadden, were the central figure in a big dinner in as many homes of the worthy poor. Nearly all the churches had Christmas doings of some kind.

At THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH an entirely new plan was adopted, one whose noble intent is worthy of emulation. Instead of arraying on a tree presents for each other, the members of the school brought presents to be distributed among the poor of the city. Everything conceivable in substantials was brought in, making three or four wagon loads of flour, meal, potatoes, clothingeverything. Nobody seemed imbued with the idea of how much can I get off with, but how much can I give. Christmas morning H. S. Silver got a rig and began the distribution. The light and good cheer sent into many an humble, unfortunate home was the greatest satisfaction the donors could possibly wish for. This is the true christian spirit exercised practically in a way that betters the world and draws all nearer to Him whose birth the day celebrates. If followed up strictly with the eloquent command, "As ye would that others should do unto you, do ye even so unto them," next year will show in Winfield no want, no suffering. Indolence is responsible for only a small share of the world's poverty. It is man's inhumanity to man.

THE METHODISTS had an immense "doings"a tree elaborately bedecked with presents innumerable. The church was packed with eager folks, young and old. The exercises were very appropriate and entertaining. A novelty was Mrs. Santa Claus, instead of the old man, arrayed in gaudy attire and church spire hat. Among the prominent presents was an elegant gold watch presented to Miss Maude Kelly, by the members of the church, as a token of appreciation of her valuable services as church organist.

At the BAPTIST CHURCH was also a Christmas tree and an immense jam of people. The exercises had less form than usual. The antiquated Kris Kringle was absent and after appropriate music, etc., the distribution of the huge array of presents began, making heart after heart thrill with joy as some token was received.

THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH was one of the merriest scenes imaginable Christmas eve. Santa Claus, with his usually wooly attire, was out in all his glory. The regulation evergreen tree was heavily ladened with every conceivable gift, whose distribution was received with great hilarity.


Christmas eve was the regular evening for the hop of the Pleasant Hour Club. There were nearly sixty couples presenta dress ball of no small dimensions. Many of the ladies were in elegant costume, as refined, handsome, and graceful a gathering of society people as cities twice our size can turn out. The festive Christmas season gave renewed zest. Genuine enjoyment was rampant and all pronounced it the most pleasurable hop of the winter, so far. It was a splendid index to the kind of a dress ball, regular swell, Winfield could get up. A great many strangers were noticeable, Christmas eve, who were charmed with the entertainment afforded them.


A lively time was had by the roller population. The elephant on wheels was out, trunk and all, and with the sack race, made great sport, after which everybody turned loose on the mazy skate, to the music of the Union Cornet Band.


Never, excepting in 1876, did Cowley see as beautiful a Christmas day as this year. The sun was warm and bright and the air as soft and balmy as in the glorious month of May. It was a puzzle to tell whether it was really Christmas or the Fourth of July.

Company C., K. N. G., were out on dress parade Christmas morning. At the rink they had a drill and were shot by Photographer Kelly. In their bright uniforms and warlike accouterments, they took a fine picture. In the afternoon they had a rifle practice in McMullen's pasture, on the west side.

Talk about epicurean lay-outs! The Brettun got up a Christmas dinner that would make the eyes of Queen Victoria water with ecstatic delight. A finer feast was never spread in Winfield. The printed "Menu," gotten up by the COURIER, was the acme of the art preservative and everybody got one to send to their eastern friends. Messrs. Harter & Hill scored a big favor in the feastone appreciated to the fullest extent.

The post office was the biggest Christmas tree of them all. The number of "call for heavy package" cards received was wonderful. Several cart loads of presents came in by mail.

Most of the stores shut up the greater part of yesterday, and the bosses and clerks reveled in fat turkey and bright sunshine, a very acceptable holiday.

It is to the little ones that Christmas comes with the greatest glory. Their innocent imaginings of Santa Claus and their wild joy over the stockings full of presents would melt the most sordid, stingy old cussbring sunshine and happiness to the most dejected being.

General gift giving was never so elaborate in Cowley County as this year. Many very costly and elegant presents were bestowed.

At the Christmas dinner at Rev. J. H. Snyder's, all had a chance to sample a watermelon, which was furnished by P. H. Marsh, a brother of Dr. Marsh, of this city. He waxed the stem and saved it from last fair time especially for Christmas. It was a great luxury, in harmony with the weather.

This Christmas was in vast contrast to last, which was colder than Greenland's icy mountains. But Christmas don't seem right without some frigidity.

The Presbyterian charity budget contained about seven sacks of flour, twenty sacks of meal, ten bushels of potatoes, thirty-five packages of coffee, numerous dressed chickens and other substantials in profusion.

How many different scenes of home happiness are presented by the distributing of presents on the glad Christmas morn. Over there in a stately mansion, richly dressed boys and girls received costly gifts, which evidenced that the parents have great influence with Santa Claus. But not a whit heartier was the laugh nor a shade brighter the eyes of such favored children of fortune, than of the little ones of the mechanic or laborer, who, from small earnings, has laid aside something with which to buy loving, blessed gifts for the little row of stockings they know would hang so expectantly. Oh! It is love after all that does most towards equalizing things in this world.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The jury in the case of the State vs. Jerry McKee [McGee] brought in a verdict of not guilty Friday morning, having been out all night. This was another case of entirely circumstantial evidence. The Leland Hotel employees swore they caught Jerry making away from the scene of the fire. The Occident employees, where Jerry was porter, swore he was at the Occidental at the hour the fire was claimed to have been discovered. The prosecution dug out all the evidence possible and from appearances had a good case. The jury thought not. Judge Sumner, McKee's [McGee's] attorney, made a splendid fight for his client and is of course very highly tickled over the acquittal, as is McKee [McGee], who was mighty nervous under the glaring stare of a ten years' penitentiary sentence.


Render Unto Scissors The Things That are Scissors.

Neighboring Faberisms.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Frank H. Greer, the stirring local of THE COURIER, was so impressed with the ball given by the Knights of Pythias on Friday night that he declares all social differences between Arkansas City and Winfield healed, and predicts that harmony will mark the future society relations of the two cities.

The Poncas held a council on Monday, the object of the meeting being to prepare a petition to the great father in Washington, asking him to revoke the license given to the new trader, W. J. Hodges, whom they do not take kindly to, and to renew the license of their old trader, Joseph H. Sherburne, so that he may continue his stay amongst them.

The grapes are sour. When the Oklahoma craze was at its highest, it was counted flat blasphemy for anyone to say that a single acre of that coveted land was not the finest under the sun for tillage. But the boom is busted, and Oklahoma script is down to zero. Now we are told by several returned Oklahomaites that the soil is sterile and the climate drouthy, and the choice between "Oklahoma and hell" is a hard one to make.

Coal of good quality and paying quantity has recently been found in Ford County, near Dodge City, and Wellington and Newton are going to bore for coal. Wichita has a fifteen hundred foot hole in the ground, but no coal. Coal veins of eighteen inches are being worked near Cedarvale, twenty miles east of this place, and it is said there is an eight inch vein on Drury Warren's farm, at the mouth of Grouse Creek; also a six inch vein in the bed of the Arkansas river, near Probasco's farm, on Grouse. Again there are indications on the Walnut river, within one mile and a half of town, which makes coal a certainty here if it was only developed.

The members of the First Presbyterian church in this city are in tribulation over the pending loss of their pastor, Rev. S. B. Fleming. A call has been made to this gentleman from Wichita to take charge of a theological academy, and Mr. Fleming has experience and aptitude as a teacher, and has accepted. He tendered his resignation to the session of the church a few days ago, and it was accepted; unwillingly, but as a duty and in the interest of the church at large. Next Sunday the action of the session will be submitted to the congregation for approval. This zealous and talented preacher has filled his present pulpit for ten years, working faithfully in the cause of his Master and preaching His word with acceptance. The retirement of so good and useful a man will be a loss to the city; but as the call is to a position of more enlarged usefulness, the deprivation must be submitted to for a greater gain.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

One hundred and eighty-seven thousand dollars have been expended so far on the D., M. & A. road. This money was certainly not thrown away, and by next summer we may surely hope to see the D., M. & A. built through Udall. Money talks.

Our school teachers should endeavor to rule by moral suasion rather than by corporal persuasion, as a lady at Winfield has stood a lawsuit for whipping a boy. She came out victorious, but it must have been very unpleasant for her.

In the state case against Ed. Roberts, which was called last week, the case was thrown out of court and Ed. is again a free man and the sole possessor of a bad cold, which the city of Winfield, with its noted generosity, has thrust upon him.

A nice looking gentleman stopped his buggy on the street, handed the lines to his wife, and ran into a drug store. After going behind the prescription case a few minutes, he came out with a cigar and stepped into the buggy and drove on, blowing the smoke into his wife's face. He didn't get her anything, not even a stick of candy. I thought it was real selfish, and wondered why he didn't give the cigar to his wife, and let her blow the smoke into his face.

W. F. Eavret, of Sumner County, was in Udall, Saturday, selling peanuts. He sold them at a dollar a bushel, and says that he raised this season 1,700 bushels on thirteen acres. This would be at the rate of 130 bushels per acre. That beats corn or small grain. If this soil is adapted to the growth of the plant, why can't our farmers engage in its culture? It is an easy crop to handle and does not require a lot of hands.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The United Brethren had their usual services Sunday, with good sermons from the pastor, Rev. Snyder.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Rev. Reider will preach his first annual sermon Sunday morning next, when some valuable statistics of local interest will be presented.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The pulpit of the Christian church was filled by Elder A. B. Dayton, of this city, and in the evening by Elder George Berry, recently from Iowa. The Christians expect soon to have a regular pastor again.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The Episcopal folks are holding regular services in the McDougal hall. Though their congregations are rather small, much interest is manifested. Rev. McDonough, Rector of the church, delivers some fine sermons.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Now that Christmas is over, the Sunday schools are resuming their normal attendance. For a month before Christmas, with big bags of candy enticing them, the little ones poured out in swarms and the attendance was simply huge.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

A series of union prayer meetings, preparatory to the union revival services, which begin next Sunday eve, will begin in the Baptist church tomorrow evening. They will change to the different churches nightly, conducted alternately by the pastors of the city.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Rev. Miller's morning sermon at the Presbyterian church was on the text, "Is it well with the child." The Reverend is getting up a warm interest in his church, increasing as his acquaintances broaden. His pastoral administration is admirable.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Rev. M. L. Gates filled the Methodist pulpit Sunday morning, preaching a grand sermon on "His name shall be wonderful." It was very appropriate to this Christmas time, and delivered with an ease and force most effective. Many of the audience declared it as good a sermon as they ever heard in our city. Such sermons are a great treat spiritually and mentally.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Would it not be well to change the pews around and have them face the door? Then the curious could see, without dangerously straining their necks, who is coming in, what lady wears the prettiest hat, or what gentleman sports the most utterly too, too mustache. It is an unpleasant sensation to feel that you are the only one listening to the sermon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The evening sermon at the Baptist church was a practical lesson drawn from the life and tragic death of Saul. It was very practically applied to young men, proving that there is no success with your back turned on Godonly defeat, dishonor, and death. Rev. Reider's sermons are all pithy and directly appliedalways something of profit to anybody and everybody.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The A. M. E. folks are adding a twenty foot addition to their church and otherwise improving it. When completed, it will be commodious and comfortableone an honor to the colored people, who are getting a warm interest worked up in their church. They invite everybody to their services, white as well as colored people. Rev. Young, recently from Osage Mission, is now their pastor.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Every stranger is astonished at the number of church goers Winfield has. All of our six churches, at their every service, are crowded with attentive people. We all go to church. And there could be no surer index to the intelligence, morality, and enterprise of our citizens. Then they always find plenty of "hay in the rack"our ministers are all zealous, logical, eloquent men, whose sermons always contain much of profit to both saint and sinner.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

It is said that "people hear best with their eyes closed." Perhaps this is so. But we saw, Monday, one of the way up deacons of one of our churches, not only with his eyes closed, but absolutely napping, while the minister was expounding an eloquent text, one upon which he certainly spent many weary hours. And the strangest thing of all is that this same sleeping deacon is the loudest in his clamoring against the occasional whispering and inattention of the young and more active people.


Political, Official and Social Notes as Gathered by Our Regular

Washington Correspondent.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The new code of rules for the House, adopted by the committee on rules, composed of the Speaker, and Messrs. Morrison, Randall, Hiscock, and Reed, increases the number of committees having the power to make appropriations from three to eight. The committees on rivers and harbors and on agriculture will continue to enjoy the right to frame appropriation bills, and the old appropriations committee, shorn of some of its functions, will continue to have charge of bills making appropriations for legislative, executive, and judicial expenses; for sundry civil expenses, for fortifications, for the District of Columbia, for pensions and for all deficiencies. The other committees endowed with control of appropriation bills are those on foreign affairs, military affairs, naval affairs, postoffices and post roads, invalid pensions, rivers and harbors, and Indian affairs. An important matter is the new code to prohibit legislation by "riders" on appropriation bills, even when directed to retrenchment of expenditure. It is claimed also that the new rules make it easier to reach business on the Speaker's table, and increase the opportunities of all committees to get their bills before the House.

The Supreme Court of the United States last Monday affirmed the judgment of the supreme court of Utah in the case of Angus M. Cannon, plaintiff in error against the United States. Cannon was indicted under the Edmunds act for unlawful cohabitation with more than one woman. The defendant objected to the giving of any evidence on ground that the indictment did not allege that he was a male person, nor that the cohabitation was with the women as wives. The objections were overruled and the defendant sentenced to pay a fine of $300 and to be imprisoned in the penitentiary for six months, and to be further imprisoned till the fine is paid. Justice Miller dissented from the opinion of the court.

A joint resolution, introduced by Senator Jackson today, proposes an amendment to the Constitution of the United States providing that the president and vice president shall hereafter be elected for a term of six years, and that they shall be ineligible to a reelection, and that the vice president shall be ineligible to the office of President after he shall have filled the same in case of a vacancy therein.

An Indiana member of Congress, with a bundle of freshly opened letters in his hand, yesterday remarked, "If there is anything in the world that my people don't write about, I don't know what it is. Now, look here (selecting a letter from the package), this is a letter from a woman of my district. She writes:

`Dear Sir: My husband left me seven years ago and I have not heard from him since. Will you please go to the census office, get his present address, and send it to me.'

"Now," continued the member, "here is another letter from a citizen of my district who requests me to write to the American minister at Rome and get him an Italian queen bee."

There was quite an animated debate in the Senate yesterday afternoon upon the subject of prohibition in the Capitol building. The joint rules being before that body, it was determined, by a yea and nay vote, to retain the thirteenth rule, which prohibits any intoxicating liquor being either kept, exhibited, or offered for sale in the Capitol, and provides that any officer or employee who disregards the rules shall be dismissed. The committee on rules recommended that this rule be stricken out on the ground that each house should regulate the liquor question to suit itself; but the senate disagreed. Mr. Ingalls thought the senate was straining at gnats and swallowing camels. He sent up to the clerk's desk and had read the wine list of the senate café. It contained, with prices annexed, about all the choice brands of wines and of most liquors. Mr. Ingalls said the keeper of the café had been advertised as the only man who would run a temperance restaurant. Mr. Cockrell said senators who were in the habit of keeping liquor in their committee rooms had voted to retain the thirteenth rule, knowing it would amount to nothing. He offered an amendment to make senators who should violate the rule subject to expulsion, saying it was unjust to hold employees responsible and exempt senators. There were several sharp passages. Mr. West said that in view of the statistics showing the sale of liquor in Maine, in spite of prohibition, he could not trust any man from that state not to sell liquor if he got a chance. Finally, as a compromise, the clause making employees liable to dismissal was stricken out, and the rules thus amended adopted. L.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The season of presents is about here again, and the clerk paralyzer is on her old round, visiting every jewelry and notion store and mercantile establishment of any kind, clawing all over the diamonds and gold watches, and books, and fine dress goods, and finally going home without having bought as much as a nickels worth of white gum. These are the individuals that tantalize the life out of the flip clerks, so they can't sleep at night or draw their salaries by day. We stood today watching a couple of these clerk paralyzers. They handled the new holiday goods over and over, with no more idea of buying a dime's worth than the average Democratic statesman has of writing his own speeches. This darling pair induced the boss himself to pull down and scatter around on the counter about seven thousand dollars worth of dress goods and after fumbling over them an hour, went out without even buying a spool of cotton thread. Most anybody likes to slip around and look at the new things, but they ought to have too much sympathy for suffering humanity to worry the clerks and bosses until life is a burden too grievous to be borne. But most of the merchants size such folks up at sight, and if they haven't got some green hand who's afraid to "knock down" at 'em for luck, the paralyzers don't get many smiles. The "up-to-stuff" bosses and clerks don't fool away too much good time and labor on them. But it's a horrid practice, anyway, and the chronic gawkers ought to find it out some time.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

James Jordon hands us a paper containing a long notice of the death and funeral of Mrs. Lafe Pence, wife of the young lawyer so well known and popular in Winfield in the early days, and whom many of our people most appreciably remember. The Denver Republican says: "Mrs. Pence was twenty-five years old. She was married in 1881, four years ago today, and leaves a boy two years old. She lived by a day and night after the birth of a beautiful pair of twins, a boy and girl, who never opened their eyes to the light. Last Thursday afternoon they were taken to a vault at the cemetery to await the time when Mrs. Pence should be sufficiently recovered to select a lot for them to be buried in. The next day she died. When the casket containing her remains was lowered into the earth yesterday, a little white coffin containing the two babies was brought from the vault and put into the same open grave. The funeral was one of the saddest and most impressive ever witnessed in this city. Mrs. Pence came to Denver when her husband was elected to the legislature last winter, and by her beauty and her charming manners soon won her way to all hearts. Many persons remember her particularly as she appeared at Ex-Governor Grant's farewell reception, full of health and spirits, and honestly happy in assuming the position in society she was so well fitted to fill. She was buried in her bridal dress of snowy white with beautiful flowers all about her, and a smile of heavenly calm on her sweet face. The afflicted husband has the heartfelt sympathy of the entire community."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Arkansas City's social life seems to be on the boom. Two handsomely printed invitations have reached us, one from "The Coterie," a society of Arkansas City's best people, for a Bal Masque on Friday eve, Jan. 1st; and one from "The Border City Dancing Club," for a Bal Masque on Thursday evening, December 31st. The Coterie invitations are about as fine as have ever struck us.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

W. H. Smith, for years one of Winfield's leading boot and shoe men, has decided to go into the same business at Leavenworth, and is now looking to a sale of his stock here, having several offers. This news will be received with great regret. Mr. Smith and sister, Julia, have a host of warm friends here. Mr. Smith sees a good opening at Leavenworth.

As in so many instances, $ figures given in the following article ARE SOMETIMES INCORRECT. I do not know whether the "typo" set these incorrectly or whether the initial paper gave them incorrectly. MAW


Hon. Sidney Clarke Explains the Proposed Measure.

Rights of the Indians Regarded.Area of the Territory.Indian Statistics.

The Propositions Submitted for the Action of Congress.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The Kansas City Times of a late date contained the following letter from Hon. Sidney Clarke, explaining the provisions of the new Oklahoma bill submitted to Congress.

LAWRENCE, KAN., December 22. Having received numerous inquiries from different sections of the country relating to the bill prepared by Captain Couch and myself for organizing the new Territory of Oklahoma, I desire through the columns of the Times to explain its main provisions and to give some reason why it ought to receive the prompt and favorable consideration of Congress. In the first place, let me say, the bill has been prepared with a strict regard for the rights of the Indians under the old system of treaty stipulations, and fully recognizes all the legal and equitable obligations of the United States due to said Indians under former agreements of every kind. The boundaries of the new Territory are fixed according to the present limits of the Indian Territory on the north, east, and south; but including on the west the public land strip which extends to the east line of New Mexico. The total area of the new Territory, according to the estimates published by the Indian Department, would be nearly 48,000,000 acres. It would be larger than the State of Missouri, more than twice as large as the State of Indiana, nearly twice as large as the State of Ohio, and exceeding by 3,000,000 acres the five States of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New York. The present population, consisting of Indians, half- breeds, and a large per cent of whites associated with the tribes, is estimated at 76,000, though in consequence of the dishonest methods which have been practiced in taking the census, 65,000 would be a more accurate estimate. It is safe to say that the Indian population of the Territory, exclusive of the whites, is less by several thousand than one-half of the present population of Kansas City.

The Chickasaws, Choctaws, Cherokees, Creeks, and Seminoles, known as the five civilized tribes, occupy about 19,000,000 acres. They claim a population of 60,000, but it would be safe to place the number at 50,000, with a probability of an overestimate at that. The same uncertainty prevails in regard to the number of small tribes, as was demonstrated in the recent count of the Cheyennes and Arapahos by Inspector Armstrong. In this case the tribes had been numbered on the books of the Indian Bureau as follows: Cheyennes, 3,780; Arapahos, 2,198. An accurate count showed that the Cheyennes numbered only 2,169, and the Arapahos only 1,207: total 3,376, instead of 5,967. If the same accurate count could be had of all the Indians in the Indian Territory, a large percent of the boasted Indian population would undoubtedly vanish like dew before the sun. Outside of the reservations of the five civilized tribes, there are in the Indian Territory 9,991,167 acres of unoccupied land, without the shadow of Indian occupancy, which belongs to the United States, and the balance of the Territory is covered by reservations assigned to the small tribes, several of them numbering less than 100, and with a few exceptions, all of them are able, under the protection of good government, to live upon homesteads and take good care of themselves. Scattered as they now are upon vast reservations, and practically encouraged in idleness and vice by our present Indian policy, they are without any proper protectionthe prey of dishonest agents, speculators, syndicates, and traders. While all these Indianscivilized and uncivilizedare the wards of the Government, and entitled to its protection, Congress has thus far denied them the blessings of civil government, and the legitimate result is a condition of things disgraceful alike to the past administration of Indian affairs, and to the age in which we live. Criminals of all kinds, from all sections of the country, flock to the Indian Territory for a safe refuge, and there crime runs riot and generally goes unpunished. Courts located at several points, outside of the Territory, are of little use, compared with the constant demand for the efficient administration of justice, and the decent protection of life and property. In a word, the exclusion of civilization from this fine region has left a black spot in the center of the continent, without law and order, resulting in the fearful demoralization of the Indians, the encouragement of crime, a cheap estimate of human life, the arrestation of educational and religious progress, the obstruction of inter-State commerce, and in the unnecessary perpetuation and encouragement of barbaric habits and customs, which have no rightful place in our beneficent system. "Unless industry is a myth, and enterprise a crime," and barbarism better than civilization, it is the first duty of Congress and of a reform administration to wipe this black spot from the map of the United States, and by the establishment of the necessary Governmental machinery, open the way for better things.

This is the object of the bill we have prepared organizing the new Territory of Oklahoma. It provides for all the departments of a complete Territorial GovernmentLegislative, Executive, Judicial. In this respect it is not unlike the organic acts of the Territories of Kansas, Colorado, Dakota, and Wyoming, with the exception that the rights and status of the Indians are more explicitly preserved and protected. The following is the language of the bill on this point, and is so plain that it precludes all possibility of misconception: "That nothing in this act shall be construed to impair the rights of person or property now pertaining to the Indians in said Territory, as to include any territory occupied by any Indian tribes to which absolute title has been conveyed by patent from the United States under treaty stipulations without the consent of said tribe; but all such territory shall be excepted out of the boundaries and constitute no part of the Territory of Oklahoma, until said tribes shall signify their assent to the President of the United States to be included within the said Territory of Oklahoma." It will thus be seen that the bill makes no change in regard to the lands, laws, and customs of the Indians, only as they may voluntarily negotiate with the commission authorized for the purpose. So far as the establishment of a Territorial Government is concerned, there can be no question about the right of the United States to do so. Most of the tribes have given consent in former treaties, though this important fact seems to have escaped the attention of Congress and the Indian Department. Article 7 of the treaty of 1866 with the Choctaws and Chickasaws contains the following: "The Choctaws and Chickasaws agree to such legislation as Congress and the President of the United States may deem necessary for the better administration of justice, and the protection of the rights of person and property within the Indian Territory." In article 8 the Indians agree that "a court or courts may be established in said Territory, with such jurisdiction and organization as Congress may prescribe." The same provisions are substantially in the Seminole and other treaties, and are clearly an assent on the part of the Indians to the establishment of a civil government whenever the same may be required in the judgment of Congress. But the assent of the Indians to such legislation is by no means necessary. A long line of statutes and court decisions affirm the right to establish a Territorial Government like that proposed, and the administration of justice and the rights and interests of both the Indians and the Government imperatively demand it.

The sections of the bill which dispose of the unoccupied land in the new Territory, and open the same to actual settlers only, are so manifestly good that they ought not to be the subject of controversy. As before stated, these unoccupied lands ceded to the United States by Indians comprise 9,991,767 acres, and adding the public land strip of 3,673,600 acres we have a total acreage of 13,664,767 for the immediate use of actual settlers. There is no longer any doubt about the absolute ownership by the United States of the famous Oklahoma country, which was ceded by the Creeks and Seminoles by the treaties of 1866. Secretary Lamar states in his report just published that "the two cessions combined aggregated 5,571,410 acres," and that "the Indians have been paid therefor according to agreement." A portion of the cession has been assigned to the occupancy of other Indians, but about 3,600,000 acres remain subjected by the bill to the operation of the homestead laws. There is no question about the title to the public land strip. It is a part of the territory ceded to the United States by the State of Texas in 1850. It has never been attached to any Territory or Judicial District, and is therefore entirely without a government of any kind. The bill disposes of it to actual settlers in the same manner as the Oklahoma land.

I now come to the unoccupied Cherokee strip, west of 96 degrees of longitude, and which was ceded to the United States by the treaty of July 19, 1866, and for which only part payment has been made. This body of land comprises more than 6,000,000 acres. An examination of the record will show that it is a question of much doubt whether the Cherokees ever had any original title to this land. It was at first regarded as an "outlet" over which the Cherokees were allowed to pass on their hunting expeditions after buffalo and other game. At that time the Government and the Cherokees were ignorant of the country to the west, and knew very little of its geography or extent. Out of this recognized "outlet," this right of way to the hunting grounds of what was then regarded as the great American desert has grown the present title of the Cherokees to the land west of 96 degrees of longitude. The Indians have got the advantage of the Government, obtained recognition for something they did not own and have thus built up a kind of title, which is not overburdened with equity, and which does not demand a very liberal compensation for its relinquishment. Nevertheless, we have drawn the section disposing of the strip with extending liberality to the Cherokees. The land is opened to actual settlers only, in tracts not to exceed 160 acres to each settler, at the uniform price of $1.25 per acre. A continuous residence of one year is required in order to obtain title. The money is to be placed to the credit of the Cherokees on the books of the treasury, less the cost of sale, and the amount heretofore appropriated to the Indians in part payment for said lands. This would give the Cherokees at least $7,000,000, which is more than double the sum they would have received if all the promises of the treaty of 1866 had been carried out, and would make them the most wealthy people per capita in the world.

Under the present illegal lease system, the Cherokees receive only $100,000 annually for the use of the strip, whereas the interest on the $7,000,000 they would receive from settlers, invested at the rate of four per cent per annum, would bring them the sum of $350,000, or $250,000 in excess of what they now receive.

One other section of this bill remains to be considered. It provides for a commission of five persons. The duties may be summarized as follows.

First: To enter into negotiations with the several Indian tribes within the limits of Oklahoma Territory for the purpose of securing the assignment of lands in severalty, and for the purchase by the United States of the relinquished and unoccupied lands.

Second: To attend to all matters relating to the settlement of the Indians upon home- steads, and to their education, civilization, and citizenship.

Third: To enter into any agreements necessary to accomplish the purposes of the organic act, and to report the same for the action of Congress.

This commission and the duties devolved upon it harmonize with the views of the President as expressed in his message. It seems to me this bill in all its provisions ought to be highly satisfactory to the Indians. As one of its originators, I have kept this point constantly in view while at the same time doing justice to the people. It should be remembered that the treaty power has been swept away never to return. The Indian tribes are no longer recognized as independent nations. In 1871 Congress declared "that hereafter no Indian nation or tribe within the territory of the United States shall be acknowledged or recognized as an independent nation, tribe, or power with whom the United States may contract by treaty," and this is now the law of the land. The Supreme Court has decided in more than one case that a subsequent law is superior to a treaty.

The Indians in the proposed Territory must see that to further resist the beneficent influences of a Territorial Government and the settlement of the unoccupied lands would be fatal to them. Not even the Congress of the United States, supreme in its powers under the constitution, is strong enough to stop the onward march of our civilization. The speculating syndicates, controlling public officials, and defying the law, may be successful today, but millions of American homes will be triumphant tomorrow.

There is still another and most conclusive reason why Oklahoma should be organized and settled. At present it is a Chinese wall, a fatal obstruction to the completion of the vast railroad system of the central portion of the continent. The railroad is one of the most potent civilizers of States and peoples. It should be allowed to find its way from East to West, and from North to South through all parts of the Territory. The broken links between Missouri, Kansas, Colorado, and the Gulf of Mexico should be supplied. These lines of transportation are justly entitled to receive the magnificent benefits that would come from the rapid increase of population and wealth which would surely follow the legislation contemplated. So also with the trunk lines connecting us with the Southwestern Territories, Western Texas, Old Mexico, and the Pacific States. The State of Kansas would be largely benefitted by an immense increase of population, stimulated to move in this direction. The demand for supplies of all kinds, while Oklahoma was being settled, would be enormous. I do not hesitate to say that I believe that the business of Kansas City would be increased by many millions annually from the new Territory, and that in less than five years at least 100,000 people would thereby be added to her population. Every reason connected with good government, the suppression of crime, the civilization and happiness of the Indians, the rights of the home seekers of America, the impartial enforcement of law and justice, the perfection of Inter-State commerce, and with national honor and self-respect, conspire to urge the organization of the Territory of Oklahoma. I am not wedded to any particular bill, though the one we have prepared is comprehensive in all its provisions, and against which I am confident it is impossible to make any legitimate objections. SIDNEY CLARKE.


Newspaper Men Go On an Excursion to New Orleans.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

CHICAGO, December 26. The lobby of the Palmer House was taken by storm today, by representative newspaper men from different parts of the East and West. Prominent among them were the doughty Colonel Aleck McClure, of the Philadelphia Times; the mild, auburn-whiskered Moses P. Handy, of the Philadelphia News; Amos Cummings, of the New York Sun; J. B. Wasson, of the New York Tribune; W. G. McLaughlin, a New York journalist; Colonel Frank A. Burr, of the Boston Herald; Hon. Joseph Wheeler, of the St. Paul Pioneer Press; Hon. Lewis Baker, of the St. Paul Globe; G. K. Shaw, of the St. Paul Dispatch; Will E. Haskill, of the Minneapolis Tribune; David Blakeley, of the Minneapolis Journal; George Peck, of Peck's Sun. The party is on its way to the New Orleans Exposition where, on Monday next, Press day will be celebrated, and the representative journalists of the United States will meet their brethren from Mexico and Central and South America. It is expected that several hundred of the rank and file of journalism representing all sections of this country and of the other American nations will be in the Crescent city on that day. The Chicago delegation includes W. W. A. Bogart, Herald; Governor Bross, Tribune; Clinton Snowden, Mall; Major Harlbunt, Times; W. H. Bushey, Inter-Ocean; W. R. Suliluan, Journal; John Ballantigne, News. Nearly every member of the party is accompanied by his wife or other female relatives.

The party will leave at 8:30 tonight over the Illinois Central in a special train of the handsomest excursion cars ever built in the world. They include drawing rooms, parlors, state rooms, sleeping berths, pantries and kitchens complete, and are supplied with all the essentials of luxurious travel. The train will arrive in New Orleans at nine a.m., Monday, and the visitors will be received in state by the Mayor, municipal authorities, and Exposition management.


A Young Husband Stabs His Wife for Moral Reasons,

Or Else is Inspired By the Most Despicable Ruffianism.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

NEW ORLEANS, December 26. Last night Martin Heindel, a gas fitter, aged twenty- one, called at the house kept by Eva Thompson on Custom House street, entered the hall and told his wife, Ernestine, aged twenty, that he desired to see her. The girl went out and immediately began shrieking. The women in the house ran out and found Ernestine lying on the flags with two stabs in her breast and one under the shoulder blade, the latter probably fatal. Some policeman, who heard the woman's shrieks, saw Heindel dart out from an alley, and pursuing, caught him on Canal street. His hands were bloody and a dagger stained with blood was found in the street. He admits the killing, saying he could not stand his wife's conduct. She left him three weeks ago and has since been an occupant of houses of ill-fame. He says he and Ernestine's brother, Jacob Beron, and her father had determined to kill her, and as her father was too old to live out a term in the penitentiary, it was better that a young man should do it. Jacob Beron accompanied Heindel to the house, and, it is said, held his sister while her husband stabbed her. The police have not yet arrested him. The girl recognized Heindel as her assailant, but as yet has made no charge against her brother. Eva Thompson, proprietress of the house, says Heindel had previously visited Ernestine, and had occupied the same room with her. His visit last night, she says, was for the purpose of extorting money from his wife, which was refused, hence the attack. The girl is at Charity Hospital in a critical condition.


Humanity Blessed by a Temporary Breathing Spell.

A Happy Christmas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

London, December 26. The gates of the Temple of Janus may almost be considered as again closed temporarily at least, as they are fabled to have been at the time of the events of nineteen centuries ago, which are now being celebrated. Servia and Bulgaria have laid aside the armor for the time being; the long warfare of France in Madagascar is just terminated; the British military expedition to Burmah has accomplished its task; no massacre in Tonquin mars the Christmas time of 1885 as of a year ago; and no war cloud darkens the horizon of any leading nation. The clergy of London, appropriate to the day, did not fail to dwell upon these acts, but none ventured to assert that the world had come much nearer to a universal peace than heretofore. Making allowance for the natural pessimism of some minds and the optimism of others, the consensus of Christmas morning's pulpit utterances can be a very hopeful state of mind in regard to a growth in the potency of Christianity as a practical guide in internal policy. But these abstract considerations do not touch the masses nor prevent their actual enjoyment of the season as one of feasting and of respite from toil. Never was a Christmas more generally observed in England, nor with more genuine evidences of happiness.




Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Commencing with the first number of volume 14 for 1886 the WEEKLY COURIER will be enlarged by adding two full pages of reading matter. It will contain double the amount of reading matter of any previous year and printed in our beautiful minion will be the handsomest and best weekly in the state, if the editors have the ability to make it such. It will at least have much the largest amount of reading matter. Subscribe at once and get the whole benefit of the improvement. Send $1.50 for one year; $1 for eight months; 50 cents for 4 months; or 25 cents for two months in advance. The terms are $2.00 a year if not paid in advance.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The new postoffice law provides that when persons receive or take mail belonging to others from any postoffice, and do not correct the mistake, they are liable to a fine of $500 or one year's imprisonment.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

A dangerous counterfeit $5 gold piece, of which hundreds of thousands are said to be in circulation, is supposed to have been made through the rascality of some ex-employees of the New Orleans mint. It was made with the genuine stamp, is fine gold on the outside, but filled with spelter and platina.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The Wichita Eagle says that "the matter has had but very little publicity as yet, but it is well known among railroad men that the Pennsylvania system has for some months been negotiating for the purchase of the St. Louis & San Francisco railroad system. As is known, the Pennsylvania now reaches St. Louis by the Indianapolis & Pittsburg railroad and the Vandalia Line. The acquisition of the Frisco would give them a continuous line from New York to Wichita, and to Tulsa, in the Indian Territory.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

An engineering corps, under W. C. Ellis, assistant chief engineer of the Santa Fe, left Burlington, Coffey County, Monday morning last, to locate the Santa Fe extension, via Toronto and Howard, connecting with the Southern Kansas at Grenola, making the distance eighty-five miles shorter to Kansas City from Winfield and points west of there than it is by way of Independence. This makes the shortest and only direct line from Kansas City to Southwestern Kansas, and appears upon the map as an air line. It is said that this completely checkmates the recent move of the Missouri Pacific and will probably cause a change in their plans. Grenola Chief.

This move on the railroad board is coming sooner than we expected. It means much for Winfield's future. Let every citizen be alive and awake to our opportunities. Now is the accepted time.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

In 1856 Theodore Parker made the following prediction concerning Kansas.

"In the year of Our Lord, 1900, there will be 2,000,000 men in Kansas, with cities like Providence and Worcesterperhaps like Chicago and Cincinnati. Her land will be worth $20 an acre and her total wealth will be $500,000,000 in money; 600,000 children will learn in her schools. There will be a Pacific railroadperhaps more than one. The 114,000 square miles of Kansas (32,000 of which has been given to Colorado) will fill up with educated and industrious men, each sharing the labor and government of society, helping forward the wisdom and progress of all; aiding the organization of Christianity and Democracy. The south will share with the north in this better organization of things and personsthe development of industry and education. There will never be another slave state nor another slave president; no more kidnaping in the north, no more preaching against the principles of humanity."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Judge Crozier on Saturday gave a decision in the matter of the application for an injunction to restrain Hannon & Baum, of Leavenworth, from selling intoxicating liquor, by allowing the injunction as prayed for by Attorney General Bradford. The issue of the injunction was resisted on the following grounds: First, that the act of 1881, and the amendments thereto, contain more than one subject, which is not clearly expressed in the title. Second, that the 13th section, above quoted, is part of a special act; and third, that this is a prosecution and the defendants are deprived of a trial by jury. Judge Crozier overruled all the objections. Judge Crozier concludes his decision by saying:

"What may be the rights of the defendants should they be arraigned for violation of the injunction, or upon the final trial, are matters not now before me, and I express no opinion thereon. The injunction will be allowed."

Mr. Fenlon took formal exceptions and asked for a speedy trial by jury. Judge Crozier said that when he made an assignment of cases for the 11th of January, he would put this case among the others.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The case and service testimonial to Henry E. Asp calls to mind the Christmas of 1875, just ten years ago, when a young student less than nineteen years old, a mere boy in looks but well educated and full of hope, energy, and ambition, came to Winfield, a stranger from New Boston, Illinois, and concluded to "grow up with the country," which he has been doing and keeping a little ahead of its wonderful growth ever since. He arrived here in the times just succeeding the great drouth and grasshopper year when everything was dull, and nobody wanted help. He first entered the law office of L. J. Webb, where he did chores for the privilege of reading law in that office. Later he became law clerk for E. S. Torrance. His unremitting study and labor soon made him quite well read up in the law and his energy was such that Mr. Torrance made him his law partner. His progress was so rapid and so well appreciated that in 1880, when he had been in the state but little over four years, he almost succeeded in beating one of the brightest and most popular lawyers in this county, who was supported by the newspapers, the bar, and the politicians, for the nomination for county attorney; being opposed only on the grounds that he was too young, a failing that he has not yet wholly divested himself of. After he had been an active partisan and attorney for four more years and had necessarily stirred up many elements of opposition, he was elected to the same office by a most flattering majority. For the last two years he has paid special attention to the working up of the project, and carrying to complete success, of the building of the K. C. & S. W. railroad, in which he has centered his talents and energies to a large degree and worked night and day to secure its success and to secure the best results to his city and county. In this work he has been secretary and attorney for the company and has enjoyed the full confidence of its managers as well as that of the best men of our county who had intelligence enough to see that the interests of the county and of the company are as yet identical. His services to the county and to Winfield as well as to the company have been great, valuable, and successful, and the memorial presentation of Christmas day was fairly and amply earned. Mr. Asp is a young man whom those who know him best believe in and trust most implicitly, and is a worthy example to the young men and boys who are coming upon the stage of action or will do so in a few years.


Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Wm. Schwantes and wife spent Christmas at her father's.

Mr. Mountz, though able to go about, gains health very slowly.

Country produce seems to bring a small price in the Queen City.

The prospect at present is favorable for a change of weather for the worse.

Mrs. L. Foos and daughter and granddaughter went to Winfield Christmas.

Someone said Henry Weekly had gone west. Perhaps a short distance east, is all.

Clark Bryan's sons are down in Arkansas, but don't report what success they have had.

J. R. Pugh's boys, of Winfield, were out in this vicinity gaming, the 25th. They were quite successful.

Miss Howard gave her pupils a vacation from the 24th of this month until the 4th of January. They seem to enjoy it.

Mrs. Emery spent Christmas in Winfield with the expectation of going to Oxford to see Mrs. Slade, who has, for several days, been suffering with the neuralgia.

Winfield seems to have a craze for railroads. Perhaps if those who are so anxious would take a trip to the country and see the damage farmers receive by these roads, they would go slow.

Jerome Hassel returned from his western trip the 23rd, seeming well satisfied with the quarter section he purchased while absent. He settles in Lane County and will go back in about a month.

We were quite favorably impressed with Mr. Albright's proposition to spend $50 in turkeys for those who were not able to buy. A good example for others to follow, that have plenty of cash.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Wonder if the girls got a basket of sample cake of the "bachelors' dinner? If not, why not?

Robt. Ratliff's new building for the post office begins to look quite stylish and will make an excellent office, superior to any in our sister towns of equal size.

An old fashioned charivari took place at the residence of Net Wilson, a few nights ago. Buckets of cold water ands live chickens were thrown through the window to induce the bridal pair to show up, but it was no go.

What is the matter with our mill, our grain buyers, and in fact, our merchants? Farmers come to town with wheat, but they can't sell it either at the mill or to our dealers. Gentlemen, for God sake, wake up or the grass will surely grown on our streets before the year of 1886 closes.

The different Sunday Schools had the usual Christmas tree, except the Baptist and Methodist, who tried a new innovation by spreading a sumptuous table with all the good things of this life, for the children to eat, which was partaken of by over 125 children and nearly as many adults. Among the latter we noticed the thin, dilapidated form of ye editor of the Sentinel, Will Higgins, busily engaged upon the frame work of a monstrous turkey. Will is excusable for the amount of hash stored away that night as his better ½ is out west holding the claim. Numerous speeches and recitations were had, among which was the rendition, by Miss Lida Strong, of "The Last Hymn." The singing by the "Udall Glee Club" was excellent, and in fact all who took part in the exercises did their parts splendidly.

Your correspondent has had the pleasure of participating in the first "bachelor's" dinner ever given in Udall, which was held in the Devore house on Christmas day. The dinner was originally intended for 16 members, who had united together for that purpose, but owing to a misunderstanding, all withdrew after the dinner was arranged except the General manager, J. R. Staton; Treasurer, O. L. Jewett; and Secretary, C. H. Martin, together with one lay member, J. C. Staton. These, with your humble correspondent, sat down to as fine a spread table as was laid anywhere in Cowley that day, although no woman's gentle hand assisted in any of the cooking or arranging of the table. One monstrous turkey weighing twenty-eight pounds was beautifully decorated, occupying the center of the table, surrounded by a beautiful wreath and the word "Bachelors" surmounted in roses of different colors making a magnificent sight to behold, with the beautiful glass and silverware in contrast. Over 55 courses were servedin fact, not one thing was omitted from the bill of fare. Champagne and other wines flowed freely, amid imported cigars of finest quality. This was an event your correspondent will ever record as one of the bright spots of life, and the mutual kindness of the "bachelors" will ever be remembered by him. We are very sorry that any hard feelings or rather misunderstandings occurred to mar the harmony of our feast, but those who remained and paid all the expenses of the affair cannot but feel proud of the success that crowned their efforts and the only thing your correspondent regrets is that "Bachelors" dinners only occur once a year.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Rev. Hopkins is on the mend, but is still confined to his room.

Communion services on Sabbath by the Presbyterian society.

Mr. and Mrs. Watsonberger spent Christmas with Mr. and Mrs. S. A. Chapell.

The Ladies Aid Society will meet with Mrs. S. A. Chapell on Thursday of this week.

Mr. Stiff has rented the Central hotel and has moved in, but it is now a private residence.

Mr. and Mrs. Garret Fitzgerald spent Christmas with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. James Chapell.

Mr. and Mrs. Avery are gain in our little burg, having moved back to their cottage from their late home on the farm of J. J. Johnson.

John Davis and wife, accompanied by Mr. J. M. Zike and Miss Gilmore, spent Christmas day in Winfield, the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Limbocker.

May the New Year bring many blessings to the homes and hearts of THE COURIER readers and if we live to see its close, may it find us better men and women than when it began. A happy New Year to all.

Thomas Walker rented his farm to G. Orand. Mr. Walker and family have taken up their abode in the hotel vacated by Mr. Orand, and as they wish to be a quiet family circle, behold Salem is minus a single hotel. Where will the weary travelers stop now?

Mr. Bovee and his amiable wife have returned from their visit to friends in the east. We hope they will like Kansas well enough after their rambles to make it their home. They and their daughter and her husband, Mr. and Mrs. Wesley McEwen, spent Christmas with friends in El Dorado.

Messrs. Eli Reid, of Burden, and T. Walker, of Salem, have bought the dry goods and grocery stock of Mr. Maris. Mr. Reid is determined to be a Salemite and Burden citizen also. Guess we will keep him in Salem this time. Are glad to welcome his family back. Mr. Maris and Rev. Irwin have bought the grocery store of Mr. Long in Winfield. Shall we lose these good, energetic citizens?

"Olivia" spent Christmas in a very quiet way at home. What a grand, glorious, and beautiful day Christmas was. There was plenty of heaven's sunshine for all our home, and we hope there was joy and happiness in all our hearts. Earthly griefs may leave wounds that may never heal this side of the grave, but patience and kindly forbearance can throw the mantle of charity over all that is not pleasing to the eye and thus help in making ourselves and others happy. 'Tis too late to wish for Christmas joy, but we hope you all had it in abundance.

Mrs. Erickson has gone back to her Wisconsin home highly pleased with her Kansas visit. Her two youngest children went back, but the eldest, Miss Eva, remained in the home of her grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. I. W. Hoyland. Her stay will last till "the roses come again" and we hope longer.

'Tis sweet to hold communion with those we love

But oh, how sad the parting

We press them, fondly to our heart

And feign would keep them there,

O! have them tarry near us,

But they must go, and sad the sweet good-bye

When hearts are wrung with anguish,

But we shall meet again consoles us in our sorrow.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Mr. Helen's have a very sick child.

W. S. Rigden has gone west with his mules.

Mrs. Reynolds left last week for Chase County.

Mrs. M. L. King is visiting friends in Schell City, Missouri.

Miss Ermie McKee has two young lady friends visiting her.

Mr. Wells and Reb Elliott took dinner at A. O. Elliott's Christmas.

Frank Pierce has moved into the house lately vacated by Haygood Bros.

Link Branson left Monday for Eureka, to spend a week with his parents.

Mr. Storms left Sunday evening on a visit to friends in Illinois and Indiana.

A number of young people from Burden spent Christmas night at Capital Hill.

Mr. Colvin's family leave one day this week for Pleasant Hill, Missouri. We wish them success.

There will be a sociable at the Torrance schoolhouse Thursday night. Everybody is invited.

Dave Higbee spent Saturday and Sunday in Winfield. Elmer Swim came home with him to spend this week among old friends.

Ab Taylor left last Wednesday for his home in Sparta, Illinois. Ab was one of our jolliest young men and we are sorry to lose him.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

For 50 cents, postal note, we will send post paid, a golden box of beautiful specimens from twenty different mines of Colorado. The specimens are beautifully arranged and cemented to a card in the box with the name and place from which it came, printed under each specimen. Each box contains a scarf pin, made of a large beautiful nugget so closely resembling gold that the best judges can hardly distinguish the difference. Circulars describing our specimens and curiosities sent free in each box. Address, S. W. Terrill & Co., Denver, Colorado.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Dairy farm 1 ½ miles east of Winfield, 320 acres with running water and well. Good house, stables, and granaries: 40 acres with rock fence. Suitable tenant can get it for a number of years. Apply at Kirk & Alexander's mill, Winfield.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Don't you forget that J. B. Lynn will offer his mammoth stock of goods at cost for the next 30 days. We must reduce our stock and the goods must go. We mean just what we say. If you want to get more goods for 100 cents than you ever did before, come and see me. See my special inducements next week.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Stafford & Hite have the cheapest money on three or five years time of any money loaners in the city. The proof is, call and see.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Skipped lengthy reports concerning grain and provisions: St. Louis, Chicago, New York, Kansas City.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.

Atlanta Town Company to Joseph F Kidwell, lot 7, blk 14, Atlanta: $35.00

John D Pryor et ux to Mary E Hawkins, nw qr nw qr 28-30-6e: $500

Ira C Walker to James Voyt, se qr 2-34-7e: $800

J F Fraker et ux to Charles R Sipes, lot 6, blk 132, A. C. q-c: $1.00

Sarah A Dodd and husband to Cyrus Miller, lot 19, blk 100, A. C.: $1,025

Austin Adams et ux to Geo W Spruill, lots 23 and 24, blk 149, A. C.: $425

Chas R Sipes et ux to Frank B Hutchison, lot 6, blk 132, A. C., q-c: $25.00

C C Black et ux to F M and A ? Frazee, lot 16, blk 111, Winfield, q-c: $10.00

G C Orand et ux to Thomas Walker, lots 1, 2, and 3, blk 14, New Salem: $1,200

Burden Town Co to James M Walker, lot 24, blk 29, Burden: $25.00

C H Wert et ux to E R Shelton, lots 1 and 2, blk 23, Burden: $700

F P Schiffbauer and James Benedict to W S Houghton, 14 lots in blk 75, A. C., q-c: $1.00

G H Allen et ux to A J Burgauer, lots 1 and 2, blk 30, Manning's ad to Winfield: $2,700

Frank J Hess et ux to Thomas Craft, lots 5 and 6, blk 148, A. C.: $125

Lafayette W C Robinson to Millard M D Robertson, one sixth of one hf se qr 12-33-4e: $50.00

Joseph W Simmons et ux to David C Beach, 280 acres, sections 13 and 18, 34-4 and 5e: $1,000

B Gilkey et ux to E F Hill, lots 24 and 24-3-35-6e, 137 acres: $2,000

Matilda Cochran et al to Cassie E Branham, 10 ft. ne lots 13, 14, & 15, blk 106, Winfield: $200

David M Adams et ux to F V Curns, e hf nw qr 8-33-4e: $2,500

John M Brocket et ux to Joseph F Reddick, tract in lot 2, Winfield: $00

David C Beach et ux to D B McCollum, ½ nw hf sw qr 13-33-4e: $220

Wm R Carr to David C Beach, ½ n hf sw qr 13-33-4e, executor deed: No $ amount.

Amanda Malone & hus to Frank J Hess, lots 3 & 4, blk 117, A. C.: $30

Dougal Own et ux to Jamison Vawter, lots 21 & 22, blk 80, & lot 26, blk 128, A. C.: $3,000

New Salem Town Company to R M Campbell, lots 5 & 6, blk 2, New Salem: $55

John Cox to R M Campbell, lot 5, blk 8, New Salem: $170

George A Winner et al to Jonathan Duncan, ne qr 7-33-5e, 160 acres: $1.00

Civillia J Searcy & hus to Jeremiah Weakley, e hf sw qr 24-34-5e, ex 1 acre: $2,000

Ada L Kager to Harriet A Walcott, lots 3 & 4 & e hf sw qr 7-34-5e: $550

Ada L Kager to Harriet A Walcott, lots 3 and 4 and e hf se qr 7-33-5e, q-c: $50.00

John Cox to R M Campbell, w hf sw qr 36-31-5e, 80 acres, and tract in 26-31-5e: $1,000

George Ordway et ux to Benton G Kirker, tracts in 7 and 8-35-6e: $3,270

Jacob S Overly et ux to H V Courtright, lots 10, 13, and 26, sec 30, and lots 6 and 7, 31- 34-8e: $600

Wm H Booth et ux to John B Harden, s hf nw qr and nw qr nw qr 6-33-7e: $2,600

George Bull to P H Albright, lots 31 & 32 & w hf se qr 31-33-8e: $300

John Gray et ux to F S Jennings, 123 acres in w hf se qr 31-23-6e: $4,050

E E Vandewark et ux to John D Pryor, n hf nw qr 9-32-5e, 80 acres: $1,200

Lula McCommon & hus to T M James, lots 19 & 20, blk 22, Burden: $300

Wm M Sleeth et ux to Joseph Bittle, lot 1, blk 80, A. C.: $3,500

Adam Defenbaugh et ux to Thomas R Brooks, lot 4, blk 331, Winfield: $300

B F Beal et ux to Thomas L Hill, lots 8, 9, 10 and 11, blk 58, A. C.: $3,100

Samuel Hoyt et ux to Chas T Pritchard, lot 42, blk 80, A. C., q-c: $1.00


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Recap. McDermott & Johnson, Attorneys for Plaintiff, State of Kansas, in District Court, Robert O. Bradley, Plaintiff, against Emily M. Bradley, Defendant. Notification to Defendant that Plaintiff will take depositions of sundry witnesses to be used as evidence in his behalf in trial against Defendant in office of Geo. E. Towne, situated over the store of Montgomery & Talcot, at the corner of Dunkirk street and the Square, in the town of Silver Creek, Chautauqua County, New York, on Thursday, January 21, 1886.


FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Receipts in the local markets are light, with hogs, $2.75 to $3.00 per cwt.; wheat, $.70 to $.85; corn, $.25 to $.28; oats, $.29 to $.25; hay $4.00 per ton; butter $.15 to $.20; eggs, $.15; chickens, $1.50 to $2.00 per dozen; turkeys, $.5 to $.6 per pound; Irish potatoes, $1.00; apples, $1.00 to $1.25.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Nearly every form of mild gambling has been indulged in by different churches to increase their exchequer or in common parlance, "raise the wind," but the newest venture in that line occurred down at Independence last week. Ten converts were baptized in the creek at that place; a photographer took a view of the scene and the pictures are now on sale for the benefit of the new church. This opens a new field for church finances. Photographs can be kept on sale having as their subjects, the interior of the church showing who is present, who pays attention to the sermon, and who is occupied with her neighbor's bonnet; the amen corner; the sinners bench; and, in time of revival, a good photograph of those who get the power. Indeed, the use of the camera in churches, while doing much to relieve the financial difficulties, would undoubtedly add much to the general appearance of the audience; keep them awake, and create a brisk competition for front seats.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The letter of S. S. Linn, in another place, hits from the shoulder on a subject that needs agitation. It not only shows need of action on the road in question, but in the erection of the Ninth Avenue bridge, for which an election is now called to vote bonds. This bridge has a good outlet, which can be made first class at small expense. But the Park road must be remedied and at once. That territory extending over the bridge is now a part of the city, making it the city's duty to keep the bridge and eastern approach in good condition. A new floor has been ordered on the bridge and the council will no doubt see that the road is improved. It is about the meanest piece of road in the county, however, and takes constant work.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Some "ornery cases," on Christmas morning, stole from the editor's desk, his knife, and since that time he has had to work with dull pencils, black finger nails, and bad erasers, so that his work had an unusual slouchiness about it, but Hendricks & Wilson have come to the rescue with a magnificent, sharp, pearl-handled knife with compliments. They have a certain pride in seeing THE COURIER come out with neatness and dispatch and are ready to supply the needed utensils as witness the pocket scissors which write the original editorials. Hendricks & Wilson always know what is wanted, always have the best, and always sell at the lowest living prices. In short, they are businessmen worth having in any community.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Winfield's prosperity during the past year has kept laborers in good hope, and this winter finds us with less than half as many as last winter, though the charity committee, on its rounds in the last day or two, finds a number of families in abject wantfamilies to whom substantial aid comes as a heavenly boon of sweetest flavor. Most of these needy families are so through sickness. Thee has been and is now plenty of work, and with good weather no suffering will be experienced among the healthy and industrious. It is the cold spells, when all labor is shut down, that the wolf gets in the door. There never was a more generous, noble-hearted people than ours, and nobody need suffer if they will let their wants be known.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

It is simply disgusting to hear persons speak scornfully of girls who work for a living. No sensible man is dazzled by the glitter of a jeweled finger, a gold bracelet or watch, bought "on tick" perhaps. (No pun intended.) All these have not half so much fascination as a pleasant disposition, a happy and intelligent face, a well cooked meal every day in the week, and a glistening, properly ironed shirt front. A dimpled chin and sunny face in the kitchen is worth half a score of "banged" millinery signs in the parlor clawing ivory and screeching the words of "A Flower from my Angel Mother's Grave," when very likely the poor mother is hanging out the washing in the back yard.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

It is a well known fact that as a rule the "great big bully" is an arrant coward. An exemplification of this rule was made on Ninth avenue Thursday. A fellow measuring about six feet two accosted a little chap not over five feet and in weight about half as large as the other, with the threat that "he had been looking for him some time and that now as the time and place to settle the difficulty." It didn't take the little fellow two minutes to settle. We saw the six-footer make tracks up one of our north streets about as near on the double quick as he could make without reference to the mud.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

A gentleman of this city showed us a paper last Tuesday that he keeps as a landmark of Burden, Kansas. It is nothing more nor less than a receipt for thirty cents. The way he got it was in this way: four years ago he brought a beef hide to a butcher in this city and asked the price. He was told the regular price; also the dock for cuts in the hide. The butcher counted up the holes, made the deduction, and brought our friend out in debt just thirty cents. He hadn't the money just then, but sold some stock and paid the bill, the receipt of which he handles with such car. Burden Eagle.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

There has not been a day for the past two months that the streets of Winfield were not crowded with people and teams. Everything presents a lively appearance, and judging from the smiles on the faces of our businessmen, we would say that they are enjoying a good trade. It is only the chronic grumbler that wears a long face and talks hard times. Keep yourself busy and there will be no time for grumbling. Work, advertise, keep up with the times, and you will be happy.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Some philosopher, who has probably been there himself, gets off this, which is applicable to this, the swearing off time: "Profanity never did any man the least good. No man is any richer or happier, or wiser for it. It commends no one to any society. It is disgusting to the refined, abominable to the good, insulting to those with whom we associate, degrading to the mind, unprofitable, needless, injurious to society."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

This elegant sunshine is making the blue grass lawns look charming, a green as soft and velvety as in the balmy month of May. If tomorrow is as pretty a day as today, it will indeed be a bright Christmas. The old saying goes "a green Christmas makes a fat graveyard." It looks like we'd have to stand it.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Half a dozen men in Wichita have been arrested for petty stealing, who declare that they committed the offense in order to receive food and shelter in jail. Such culprits should also be afforded something that perhaps they are not anxious for, viz., work.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

This beautiful weather has opened up everything in the building line, and the music of the hammer, the saw, and the trowel are again heard on every hand. An astonishing amount of building is going on for this season. With a fairly open winter, there will be no let up in our building boom.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Some of our exchanges look like an apothecary shop, being filled from stem to stern with patent medicine advertisements. We always feel sorry for an editor who is obliged to fill his advertising columns with such matter. It is the very worst kind of a give-away on the community.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Mr. Oliver P. Fuller and Miss Eva A. Tonkinson were united in marriage Thursday afternoon at the residence of the bride's father, six miles northeast of this city. Quite a large assembly of friends were present to enjoy the occasion. Rev. J. H. Snyder tied the knot.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

"According to an old saw," says an exchange, "we are to have twenty-six snow storms this winter." An old saw that makes such gloomy predictions should have its teeth knocked out.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Christmas seems to have used up everybody. It will take some time for the average head to go do to its usual size.


Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

W. C. Hamill was down Tuesday from Grand Summit.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Prof. and Mrs. E. P. Hickok came home Monday from Protection.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. Ray Oliver returned today from Christmas in Wichita.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

A. Jameson, formerly of Winfield, but now of Anthony, is here for a visit.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Miss Cora Robins is spending the holidays with Mr. and Mrs. N. W. Dressie.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

J. V. Hines and W. M. Chastain were in the metropolis Thursday from Dexter.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Mrs. H. L. Holmes, from Homer, Illinois, is visiting her daughter, Mrs. W. L. Mullen.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Ben Henderson came in on the Santa Fe Friday, returning to Sedan from Belle Plaine.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The ladies of the G. A. R. Relief Corps will give a charity supper on New Years eve. Place later.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

E. H. Nixon returned to Medicine Lodge Monday. Mrs. Nixon will remain till after the holidays.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Tony Boyle returned to Durango, Colorado, Monday, after a week or more among his many friends here.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Will Finch left Monday for Chapman, Dickinson County, where he takes a position in a mill.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Willie Bryan, son of T. A., and formerly in our Juvenile band, is here from Kansas City, to spend the holidays.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Frank Landes, Frank C. Deering, Ed. C. Gage, C. W. Roeling, and Harry Hill were up from the Terminus Friday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Arthur Bangs has erected a platform at the K. C. & S. W. depot on the north exclusively for the uses of his busses.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Samuel Kennedy and wife, of Peabody, came in Thursday to spend the holidays with their son, W. J. Kennedy, of the Santa Fe.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Miss Flo Campbell, of the second ward city school, spends her two weeks holiday vacation at her old Wisconsin home.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Miss Ollie Stubblefield is home from the State Normal, for the holiday season. She is progressing finely in her studies.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Mr. S. J. Churchill, of Lawrence, Kansas, is visiting Winfield. He is a cousin and the guest of the senior editor.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

C. C. Kennedy is opening a meat market in the Weitzel building, east Ninth, just this side of the Court House square.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

C. C. Harris is again hung up at the Central. He has a big hankering for Winfield if he does register from Louisville, Kentucky.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Miss Ora Worden, of Garnett, Kansas, is visiting her friends and former school mates, the Misses Nellie and Kate Rodgers.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

There will be a meeting of the Pleasant Valley Stock Protective Union at Odessa schoolhouse January 5, 1886. D. B. McCaw.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

J. L. Sparr, of Millerton, Sumner County, came over Monday for a visit with his sister, Mrs. A. B. Sykes. He returned Tuesday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Sheriff McIntire got the novel Christmas present. It makes an elegant watch charm, as well as Jeffries souvenir. Ask him about it.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Mr. G. E. Lindsey, the young attorney who has recently located here from Waverly, New York, will office with Hackney & Asp.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

H. L. Wilson, who owns the building occupied by the Farmers Bank, is here again from Kentucky, looking after business interests.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Prof. R. B. Moore, superintendent of Burden's schools, was in the Metropolis Monday. The holiday vacation comes very acceptably.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. Albert Cobean came over from Wellington yesterday, to spend a few days with Mrs. Cobean's parents, Mr. and Mrs. A. Herpich.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Geo. T. Frazier was in the Metropolis Thursday, from Elk Falls. He will be at Udall for several days settling up some business matters.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Mort Stafford is home from Osawatomie, where he was one of the state employees, to eat turkey and have a gala holiday vacation.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Miss Rosa Potter and Miss Myers, principal of the high school at Belle Plaine, are guests of Mr. and Mrs. Holloway during the holidays.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Presley B. French, foreman of THE COURIER Job Department, spent Christmas in Wellington and returned with four big turkeysinvisible.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

L. O. Hinson was down Monday from Towles, Butler County. He is an old war comrade of Judge Soward, whose guest he was while in the city.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. W. R. McDonald are home from their eastern visit, having spent several enjoyable weeks at their old home, Cameron, West Virginia.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Dr. T. M. Bosley, from Danville, Illinois, is here looking to a location. He graduated with Dr. Park and is from the home town of A. H. and Frank Doane.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Miss Lola Silliman has purchased of Carl Huffman's Music House, Leavenworth, a fine Chickering Piano. It is one of the finest instruments in the city.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

On New Years Day the ladies of the Relief Corps will give a dinner and supper in the Opera House for the benefit of the poor. All are invited to attend.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Frank Manny is getting out all right. He walked down town yesterday, and is greatly rejoiced to realize that his injuries are not what were at first feared.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Mrs. A. D. Hendricks and little Harry left last Monday for Pleasant Hill, Missouri, in answer to a telegram announcing the very dangerous illness of her mother.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Our Quincy Roberts went out in the country for his Christmas dinner, at a big wedding affair. He hasn't returned yet. Too much sauce and gander, probably.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Lou Wharton, of the Dexter Eye, came over to spend Christmas with his family. He will return tomorrow. He is making much improvement in the Eye's appearance.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Prof. W. G. Yates, the blind phrenologist, is here again. He possesses wonderful knowledge grappled from the dark. He went blind when but six months old.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Dr. H. L. Wells received, through Col. Woodcock, a commission from Gov. Martin of First Lieutenant of the 2nd Regiment, K. N. G. It comes an appreciated New Year's gift.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Architect S. A. Cook hands us a copy of a call for a meeting of Architects of Kansas, at the Windsor hotel, Topeka, on January 25, 1886, to organize a State Association.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Jo. H. Briggs, from Caldwell, is now editor of the Burden Enterprise. We hope he'll put a little life into it. It has been running itself, from appearances latelythin, awfully thin.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Rev. Ward Willis, of Garnett, who filled the Baptist pulpit of this city appending Rev. Reider's acceptance and arrival, is visiting in the city for a few days. His wife accompanied him.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

General Green downed the peregrinating artist, G. W. Tichenor, before Judge Snow Wednesday. The prosecution was found to be without cause and his artistship paid the $20 or more costs.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Dr. and Mrs. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. Joe Harter, Br. Chamberlin, Miss Anna Hunt, and Matt Ewart spent Christmas in Wellington, guests of A. D. Speed at the Arlington. The feast was immense.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

N. A. Riggin, of Mt. Sterling, Iowa, is visiting his brother, C. M. Riggin, at his ranch in the eastern part of this county. Mr. Riggin will probably locate in Winfield as he thinks Cowley is the garden spot of the west.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Mat. H. Ewart returned to Meade Center Wednesday, after a delightful visit of a week among his friends here. Mat. isn't as badly gone on the west as he might be. He likes Winfield. It is his center of gravity.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Miss Leota Gary entertained a number of her young friends in her agreeable home Friday eve. She is a very graceful entertainer and all spent a most enjoyable eveningan acceptable windup to merry Christmas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Leander Johnson, an employee of Bliss & Wood's Mill, met with a serious accident Tuesday. Frank Waldron, in throwing off a belt with a board, let the board slip, hitting Mr. Johnson in the eye. It made a very bad bruise.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

George Deiter, a respected citizen of Wichita, climbed up in a hay loft, the other night, and put a bullet through his brain. He left a note saying he was tired of life and had nothing to live for. He was 28 years old, and single.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Ed Weitzel left, via the K. C. & S. W., Tuesday morning, for Chicago. He goes to buy the furniture for his new hotel, which he is determined to have furnished in modern and complete styleas fine as any hotel in the Southwest.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The Presbyterian Sunday School elected officers for 1886 last Sunday, as follows: H. T. Shivvers, supt., Addison Brown, secretary; Hop. Shivvers, treasurer; Perry Tucker, librarian; Miss Mary Bryant, teacher infant class; Miss Pearl Van Doren, organist.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Dr. Wells' rank in the 2nd Regiment, K. N. G., according to his commission just received from Gov. Martin, is Assistant Surgeon with the rank of First Lieutenant. The 2nd Regiment embraces the companies of this Congressional district.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

W. P. Hoyland appeared on the street Tuesday with his bright new street bus, creating quite a sensation. It was turned out by Bishop & Monfort, at the Winfield Carriage Works, and is a beauty. It will readily get its share of the custom.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Prof. Gridley and Misses Jessie and Fannie Stretch, Lou Williams, Alice Dickey, Josie Pixley, and perhaps Miss Mary Berkey will attend the annual meeting of the State Teachers Association at Topeka Friday and Saturday of this week.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

S. M. Fall was in from Cambridge Saturday and ordered the DAILY sent him for a month in Indiana, as he was to start Sunday evening for a month's visit in that state. Says the Cambridge young folks had a splendid time with their Christmas tree.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Some scoundrel poisoned James McLain's fine English setter the other night. No provocation whatever is know. The animal was only 9 months old and promised to become very valuable. Jim would like to get hold of the cuss that poisoned him.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Prof. Rice, Prof. Limerick, and Miss Bertha Wallis left Monday for Topeka to attend the annual meeting of the State Teachers Association, which convenes Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday. Prof. Rice and Misses Fannie and Louie Stretch went up Saturday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Miss Nellie Cole returned Tuesday from three months at her old home, Des Moines, Iowa. She thought of spending the remainder of the winter in Florida, but Winfield's charms have drawn her home, indefinitely. Her many friends are delighted by her return.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Mr. H. McKibben was in from Tisdale Monday. He reports the Christmas "doins" on Christmas eve, at the Tisdale church, as among the biggest events of that township. The presents were elegant and numerousmore so than for years, and the crowd immense.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

A colored man was passing the stone and brick works, Thursday, and shot at something with a revolver. The shot passed through the window of the office and came very near killing Mr. James Mealley, the foreman. It was a careless act and a very close call for Mr. Mealley.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

J. A. Cooper left for Attica Monday to make arrangements for purchasing a 600 acre ranch, upon which he and William Camery are contemplating starting a new town, which will be called Camery. They will also make an effort to build Attica's round house upon this tract.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

C. C. Harris got word from his firm at Louisville, Kentucky, to "grip" his swallow-tailed coat, white kids, and other dude array, and report there Thursday for a "swell" party given to the employees of his firm and big citizens of Louisville. C. C. leaves on the K. C. & S. W. this morning.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Ed. J. McMullen & Co., agents, have deposited on our table a young lady of exquisite beauty, a "purp" with a dimpled little girl on either side, playing on the mat, etc., all typical of the Phoenix of Hartford. It's a daisy card and we hang it where our eyes can ever feaston the day of the year.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Miss Jessie Stretch was the recipient of a handsome and elegant upholstered arm chair, from the Baptist Sunday school, as a token of her excellent work in the juvenile department of the school. Her labors have been very effective, completely winning the little ones. Her abilities in this line are unbounded.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Frank Manny is pretty badly hurtworse than at first supposed. His breast bone is fractured, and with a bad concussion of the spine and other smaller injuries, he suffers terribly, unable to move his body. Frank thinks, taking this fall with his past misfortunes, that the fate are all against him. If anybody can brace up, however, Frank can.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The Presbyterian Christmas donation has not all been distributed yet, and is in the hands of a committee composed of Mrs. J. W. Curns, Mrs. W. C. Root, Mrs. G. S. Manser, Mrs. H. S. Silver, and Mrs. C. H. Greer, who will distribute the remainder as fast as needy families can be found. Leave names at THE COURIER office or at Curns & Manser's.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Geo. W. Miller, while standing on the street Saturday, noticed Mr. Taylor, the blind man who is well known here, pass without an overcoat. It struck Geo. at once that he needed one and he started out to raise enough money to get him an overcoat and to pay for a new suit of clothes. Such acts of kindness are common with Mr. Miller.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Dr. Perry has shown us a miniature photographed copy of the Wenona, Illinois, Index. On paper a foot square is represented a nine column sheet, that can be read as plainly as an impression from the press. It is done by means of a regular photographer's negative and may some day come into general use. This is the best one we have yet seen.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The ball at the rink Friday eve was a whooperover sixty couples present who had the liveliest time in the mazy whirl, to the music of the Roberts orchestra. Everything went off smoothly and quietly with the prompting of Charles Gay. The maple floor of the rink, smooth and sleek, affords a magnificent surface upon which to "trip the light fantastic."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Among the prominent and esteemed Cowley County visitors at THE COURIER office recently were Frank Weekly, of Walnut. T. W. Foster, of Vernon; A. J. Crum, of Silver Creek; W. Shaw, of Winfield; Joseph McMillen, of New Salem; S. M. Fall, of Cambridge; Dr. J. H. Griffith, of Winfield; Geo. G. Arnold, of Walnut; J. B. Evans, of Vernon; Miss Nellie Aldrich, of Winfield; and Miss Clara Wilson, of Winfield.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

County Attorney Asp has received a letter from Frank Freeland, at Pinal, Arizona, emphatically denying that he had anything to do with Graham's peculation from A. V. Alexander & Co., A. C. lumber dealers. He declares he knew nothing about where Graham got his money, and solicited the use of none of it, and that if the officials want him, he'll come on receipt of a pass, without an escort.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Senator J. C. Long has sold his grocery stock to W. H. H. Maris, of New Salem, who takes possession today. Mr. Maris is one of the oldest pioneers of Cowley, and was among Winfield's first businessmen. Senator Long will remain in Winfield, and already has his eye on another business, different in character. He thinks Winfield the boss townone in which his permanent residence can't be shaken. It is merely a change of business.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Judge Snow did the cementing act for Alfred L. Bradshaw, of Grand Island, Nebraska, and Miss Lida T. Allen, of this city, Thursday evening. They were united at the home of the bride's mother, in the First Ward, in the presence of a few relatives and friends. They leave Tuesday next, for Nebraska, via Iowa, where they will visit for a while. Mr. Bradshaw is largely interested in the milling business at Grand Island.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Manager Yocum had a bad case at the rink, Friday afternoon. One Palmer, one of the telegraph line constructors on the K. C. & S. W., was full of benzine and, in the crowd, got on the floor and began to raise regular sheol. Yocum collared him. He showed fight and banged the manager up considerably, the worst being a split lip. He went out, just the same, and Monday will contribute his $12.25.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Hop Shivvers et al, abstractors occupying District Clerk Pate's office, are daily besieged by hundreds of persons with, "Is the District Clerk in?" "He's up stairs!" was answered too often for comfort, and a scheme is now in vogue that answers forcibly indeed. On opening the door, you look down the muzzle of a cocked carbine, labeled, "District Clerk upstairs." It looks mighty wicked and creates lots of fun.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Jerry McKee [McGee] is getting very sassy since his acquittal. Friday he walked two or three blocks at Arkansas City to call Dick Hess, one of the state's witnesses, a "d n lying son of a b ." He hadn't more than said it until Dick began to pound him and in two seconds Jerry's frame was mopping the earth. Jerry would do much better to keep his mouth shut for a while, at least. He is liable to get it plugged numerously with fists.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Greek George, John Leon, and Jack Connors, two burly Greeks and a Johnny Bull, arrived in the city Tuesday. They are professional wrestlers who have traveled all over the country. They are solidly built fellows of massive muscle and nerve, and challenge anybody in this section for a wrestle with big forfeit. They will probably give an exhibition at the Rink on New Year's night. This is Winfield's first introduction to professional sluggers. Our local talent will likely be compelled to yield the field.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

E. W. Lichenor, a traveling artist, enlarged a picture for A. H. Green, who paid him in full and got a receipt in full, when Lichenor demanded five dollars more. The General had fulfilled his agreement, took up the picture, and walked off with it, whereupon the artist arrested him for disturbing his peace in carrying off the picture against said artist's will. The trial will come off this evening before Judge Snow. The General has the receipt and will prove the disturbance all on the other side. Traveling venders of any kind will seldom do to deal with. They should all be "shook."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

If THE COURIER knows of any parties having the above number of balloons for sale, you will confer a great favor upon me by making known where they are to be had. I want to get a "corner" on the balloon market. I think there would be "millions in it," as that mode of travel is about the only one left by which the citizens of Cowley County, living west of the Walnut river, can reach Winfield; therefore, the price of balloons must necessarily advance rapidly. Seriously, I think Winfield is pursuing a "save-at-the spile-loose-at-the-bung-hole- policy" by neglecting to keep the wagon roads leading into the city in a passable condition, more particularly the one leading to the west bridge. The citizens of two or three of the most populous townships in the county are compelled to travel a half mile through a narrow lane (by courtesy, called a road) with a railroad on one side and a fence on the other. The said lane is full of stumps, or what is worse, the holes from which stumps have been taken. In a word, such a road would be a disgrace to Hooppole township, Posey County, Indiana, where the old mossbacks are said to be voting for General Jackson yet, never having heard of his death. The writer claims to be as proud of Winfield as any man in the county and cheerfully contributes his mite to aid in securing every enterprise and improvement calculated to build up the city and enhance the value of property. As in the past, so in the future, the prosperity of the city must depend largely upon the development of the surrounding country, and Winfield cannot afford to fence out that part of the county west of the river, which brings more trade to her than all the balance of the county. If you know whose duty it is to fix the road referred to, whether the city or the railroad company, get a move on you and punch them up, and keep them moving until this road is grubbed and graveled. Otherwise, we will be compelled to build a town at "Last Chance," i. e., Pleasant Valley's new depot on the K. C. & S. W. railroad, which location has one important advantage in its favor, at least, viz.: good roads from every point of the compass. S. S. LINN.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The wiles of Cupid cannot be resisted by even the shrewdest. Our best young people will succumb sooner or later to the inevitable, matrimony. The latest victims are Mr. Oliver P. Fuller and Miss Eva A. Tonkinson, both of Walnut township. They were married on last Thursday afternoon at the home of the bride's father, Mr. David T. Tonkinson, by the Rev. J. H. Snyder, the United Brethren minister of this city. The wedding was a very quiet affair, only the families of the contracting parties witnessing the ceremony. On Friday the bridal pair were given a magnificent infair dinner by the groom's mother, Mrs. O. P. Fuller, and owing to circumstances which we are requested to withhold, only the immediate relatives and four or five intimate friends were in attendance, making some twenty-five or thirty present, among whom was a COURIER representative. Mr. Fuller is a young gentleman possessed of many sterling qualities, and highly respected by the entire community in which he lives. Endowed with more than ordinary abilities, success awaits him in any direction he may choose to take. He is one of Cowley's brightest and best school teachers and an honor to the profession. His bride is one of Maple Grove's most intelligent and accomplished young ladiesa pleasant disposition, she will bring nothing but sunshine and joy to Mr. Fuller's future. THE COURIER, with their many friends, joins in extending the heartiest congratulations and wishes for their unbounded prosperity, with just enough of the bitter mingled in their pathway to teach them to appreciate the sweets of this life.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

We are sorry to see a disposition among some of our citizens to send away for goods that they can get just as well at home, says the Arkansas City Democrat. It is a mistaken idea that the merchants of other towns sell cheaper than do ours. Nine times out of ten, if those who send to Kansas City or some other place for some special kind of merchandise, would lay the case before our dealers, they would duplicate the order, and save you the trouble of sending away. This habit of sending away for anything that can be had at home is a poor one. No one who is interested in building up the town, improving the quality of our stores, or helping each other will trade anywhere but with home dealers.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The bus rivalry is warming uphas come to physical persuasion. Ben Mays and Steve Paris, on the side of the Paris bus, and Will Beck on the other side, had a free-for-all tumble at the S. K. depot the other night. Nobody was hurt. But the future looked black and accordingly the boys were brought before Judge Snow last evening. Steve Paris was discharged on the grounds that he was not corpus hors de combatus, or, in other words, didn't get knocked down. The other two were fined $5.00 apiece and costs. The plea was that each was assailed by the other and that each was slugging in self defense.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The Woman's Relief Corps of Winfield will give a dinner and supper on Friday, New Year's day, at the Opera House. The object is to raise money to replenish their relief fund which is used for charitable purposes in the relief of the worthy poor. We earnestly request a liberal patronage from all. A soliciting committee will call on many of our citizens to contribute eatables, etc. And to all whom the committee shall not be able to see, prepare what you can and bring it to the Opera House early Friday morning, or leave your name, street, and number at McGuire Bros. store, where the committee can get it and send a team around early Friday morning.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

EDITOR DAILY COURIER: Your statement in regard to Sunday Schools and increase of attendance on account of expected large sacks of candy and return to normal attendance, does at least one of the schools injustice. The attendance at the Christian church Sunday school on the 27thSunday after Christmas entertainment, was 30 more than the 20ththe Sunday before Christmas. In justice to the children, I ask you to make this correction.

J. J. Carson, Superintendent.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

It is rumored that many of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians in the Territory are actually suffering for want of food. Some of the aborigines have been hovering around the cow-camps with frames so emaciated that their plug hats slip down over their heads and rest on their shoulders. The cause of all this hardship is some miscalculations in applying the treaty funds, and Congress must put some more money where it can be misappropriated or prepare for a scalping sociable. Arkansas City Democrat.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Kerect, Mr. Burden Eagle: "Winfield is making a hard pull for the extension of the Santa Fe road, called the Florence, Eldorado and Walnut. She'll get it if money will bring it." Grit and good judgment, characteristic of Cowley, always win. You bet we'll get it, and its benefits all along the line will be incalculableespecially after it gives us a straighter route to Ft. Smith, which is the main object of the Santa Fe folks in making the extension.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

L. S. Phillips, of Garden City, and Miss Hannah Williamson, of Winfield, were united in heart, hand, and fortune by Judge Gans, Monday afternoon. Mr. Phillips is a brother of Ben Phillips, formerly of the Phillips house, Wellington. The bride is a granddaughter of Mr. Catlin, of Tisdale township, and a young lady of fine appearance and winsome disposition. They left this morning for their home, Garden City.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

We are in receipt of a very laudable report from D. M. Adams, of the Christmas tree at Excelsior, two miles south of town. The tree, the presents, the exercises, and all were on a perfect scale, and genuine hilarity supreme. The Excelsior folks never do anything meagerly.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

To the Citizens of Winfield and vicinity. Remember "the poor we have with us" and they must be cared for. They can expect nothing from the city and what is done for them must be done through charitable efforts. The noble ladies of the Woman's Relief Corps will give a dinner and supper to raise funds to meet the demands that are continually made upon them for help. The Corps will need a great deal of provisions for this occasion and it will be impossible for the committee to wait on all, to see what you can give, so bring along your provisions early Friday morning to the Opera House, and feel thankful that you are able to contribute something to so noble an organization that has for its principal object, charity.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Her head was pillowed on his breast, and looking up in a shy way she said: "Do you know, dear George, that " "You mean, dear James, I think," he interrupted, smiling fondly at her mistake, "Why yes, to be sure. How stupid I am. I was thinking this is Wednesday evening."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

An exchange says: "Cultivate the habit of listening to others; it will make you an invaluable member of society." That's all right, but if everybody cultivated that habit, to whom would they listenthe mocking bird?

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

An Emporia woman applied for a situation as a car driver. Being asked if she could handle mules, she scornfully replied: "Of course I can; I've had two husbands."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

McKinlay & Stewart have finished the mason work on the Randall-Weitzel building, entirely to the satisfaction of all.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Yes, he lives in Winfield. We met him last night. We have met him several times before. But, bless the Lord, he is not numerous in these "diggins." He is always sombre and repellant. When you see him, though he don't utter a word, icy chills begin to chase each other up and down your spinal column. He is a natural pessimist. His life is all clouds. He is suspicious of everybody; no one will do to trust; all are scoundrels and robbers. His every utterance is a criticism. The very sight of him wearies and oppresses. His mission appears to be to show how infernally miserable it is possible to be in God's beautiful world, and to inflict his chronic misery on others. He is a bird of ill omen who cries "never more."

There is another man in Winfield. You have all met him. You can't meet him too often. His presence is always a benediction and his face full of sunshine. If he has sorrows, they do not cloud or depress. He has a reserve of good cheer for all comers. The geniality of his presence is all pervasive. He may say little that is specially wise or inspiring, may have little jollity, and seldom utters a witticism. Yet there goes out from him an impalpable something which soothes and cheers and puts all in his presence at ease. If a subject is broached, he always finds the cheerful side. He always see the bright side of life. He is a natural optimist. There is a hidden something that bubbles out in words or looks in magnetism wonderful.

We hate the pessimist. We love the optimist. The latter makes all the good there is in life. What is life in an incessant grave yard, every man appearing as a pallid, ghostly, ominous tombstone. Be cheerful, be social, be happy. A buoyant, bustling, progressive city like Winfield has no use for the chronic growler. If your liver gets upside down, flop it back so quick that it will be ashamed of itself. Watch for sunshine, brightness, love, and genuine content, and you will have health, wealth, and beauty. Don't fool around Alaska. Keep your feelings in the glowing warmth of the sunny South. One life so moulded, interwoven with grit, pluck, and energy that knock the daylights out of defeat on first sight, is worth a million old graveyard signs that see no good in anything.

These are our pictures. Which one are you?


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Court convened Monday at 8:30, after two days off for Christmas festivities.

The First National Bank of Brooklyn, Iowa, vs. B. G. Kirkerjudgment by default for $674.50, which includes $60 attorney's fee; interest of ten per cent and costs of suit. The objection of the defense against rendering judgment for attorney's fees was overruled.

Schuster, Tootle & Co. vs. Sigler, S. C. Smith, Frazee & Co., and Stout & Wingert vs. S. S. Bakercontinued by consent.

The court was grinding this afternoon on the case of School District 13 vs. District 133, suit concerning the apportionment of territory in the division of a district.

The case of District 13 vs. District 133, still grinds. The attorneys were out all forenoon trying to agree on a statement of facts. The suit is over the apportionment of territory in the division of a district.

James Jordon vs. Winfield and Walnut townships et aldemurrer of Walnut township overruled and excepted to.

I. M. James vs. W. L. Hutton; the Southern Wire Co. of St. Louis vs. B. H. Cloverdismissed by consent.

Julia F. Randall vs. Charles E. Randalldivorce granted on grounds of abandonment. She given custody of child and adjudged to pay costs.

George Heffron vs. W. A. Lee, appeal from Buckman's court, regarding millet sale to Leejury impaneled and sworn.

School District 13 vs. District 133trial on agreed statement of facts and finding for plaintiff $59.85, to which defendant excepts.

J. E. Hayner & Co. vs. G. M. Gardnerjury impaneled and sworn. Plaintiff objected to introducing any evidence on the ground that no defense is stated. Second objections sustained and jury discharged.

George Heffron vs. W. A. Lee, relating to sale of millet to Leejury impaneled and sworn. Plaintiff introduced his evidence and rested his case, when plaintiff objected to introduction of evidence by the defense on the ground that no defense is pleaded , which was sustained, and the jury discharged. Defendant given leave to file amended answer; case continued, defendant to pay costs of this term.

Louisa Galbreath vs. William H. Galbreathdivorce decreed on grounds of abandonment. She awarded custody of child and defendant adjudged to pay costs.

Alexander Hoel vs. John A. Cochrantrial by court and finding judgment for plaintiff, and new trial granted on notice; case continued to next term.

Chas. W. Frith vs. Alfred Cochransame order as above.

James H. Land vs. Monroe Marshservice applied and judgment by default for $408.65, with interest at 7 per cent and costs and sale of attached property.

M. L. Read vs. Ira Freeman et aljudgment by default for $94.50, interest at 12 per cent, and costs with foreclosure of mortgage and sale without appraisement.

Burten L. Weger vs. City of Winfieldsuit to recover $5,000 damages for injuries received by falling in an open gas trench a year agojury impaneled. Hackney for plaintiff; O'Hare for city. Now on trial.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Strayed; Sunday evening last a black pony built mare. Went south from Winfield. Information wanted. J. S. Hunt.

The Democrat remarks: "Winfield and Wichita are both struggling to become the great commercial metropolis of the great southwest, and as a natural consequence, are making faces and calling each other bad names. In another year they will realize their present folly and join hands to down their only unconquerable rival, for while they are fighting, the glorious Canal City is outstripping them both and marching right up to the head of the procession, which place of honor she will ever maintain. We feel kind of sorry to take such advantage of our neighbors, but then we can't afford to stop and mingle in their quarrels. We'd rather beat in a good square race for supremacy, but if they want to fight each other, we won't interfere."

When Winfield gets on her muscle, she can never be downed. This has been her condition for several years back, especially during the last year, and her magic strides are startling to the villages around her, such as Wichita. Our wonderful and magic popularity, wealth, and enterprise fills their souls with envy. But the result is inevitable. Winfield, from naturally superior advantages, grit, and general worth, is destined to be the big railroad center and commercial and educational metropolis of the great southwest. This fact is what makes her unfortunate rivals sickvery, very sick.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

L. S. Phillips and Hannah Williamson; Jesse Rulo [Rule?] and Topsy Pappan got matrimonial certificates Monday. He is a man of good intelligence and seemed to understand as much about matrimony as any white. They were to be married at Arkansas City.

[Above does not make sense. There were two couples involved.]

Wm. June has made final settlement of the partnership of Green & June, Udall.

G. T. Frazier made his first annual settlement as administrator of the estate of D. C. Green, deceased.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

John Cochran and his pony had a lively time on Ninth avenue Tuesday. We have heard of ponies kicking so hard that they split the air, but we never saw one before. John was driving along, loaded with hog heads, spinal columns, etc., when that pony began to kick. It got astraddle of the tongue and kicked the harder. It kicked and kicked and kicked, kicked, kick, kick, kickity, kick, kicked, and is still kicking, we suppose, as the reporter was kicked out of the crowd before the kicking was over.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

I have this day received from Kansas Council No. 540, Royal Arcanum, three thousand dollars, being the amount of the insurance held for my benefit upon the life of my beloved husband, William Moore, who died November 21, 1885. For your kind consideration and prompt payment, gentlemen of the Royal Arcanum, accept my sincere and heartfelt thanks. Yours very truly, Mrs. C. J. Moore.

Mr. Moore had been a member of this order for five years and had paid in $135.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

We struck a case of desertion yesterday. A pretty, sweet, and confiding wife, with two golden-haired, bright-eyed little ones had been left to shift for herself. The husband left several weeks ago, without the least warning. Hope kept up for a while, but turned to despair with the word that he was way down in Florida and had left with the intention of never returning. He had got sick and in his hours of suffering "caved" and sent word home. He had been a faithful husband, so far as anybody knows, and according to her statement, until this break.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Judge Torrance momentarily stopped the mill of justice, Thursday, to give the bailiff a sound reproof and to remind other county officers and attorneys that whispering and other annoyances in court had got to stop short, never to go again. The court room has been as quiet as a church congregation ever since.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

The Leavenworth Times calls Winfield the most enterprising town in Kansas. The fact is self evident. Everybody knows itif some rivals won't admit it.

There is not a more stylish, more sensible, or more social city on earth than Winfield. The people of Wichita, Wellington, and Arkansas City are the only ones that won't swear to it.

Winfield's real estate men always tell the truth. One of them was suspected of lying just a little, the other day, but on close investigation the emigrant found he had simply misunderstood.

Are you ready to "cuss" off. Good resolutions for the new year are now in order. Transfer your swears to paper, properly witnessed, and have a big fine imposed for violation. They will probably stick better.

If the news rambler were to take the word of the fellows that don't know "nothin," he'd show up mighty thin every evening. They all know something, but some times it takes an awfully active pump to draw it.

The G. O. Club has out neat invitations for its meeting with the Misses Lizzie and Margie Wallis New Year's eve. The place of meeting is evidence that it will be a most pleasurable gatheringa happy ending of the old year.

Still the Eli city's sidewalks spread. The rambler now has over fifty miles of the prettiest stone flagging walk in the world to ramble over, and yet he strikes some new pieces every day. The gaps are all being filled up.

The latest "Bosting" air has struck usa la Sullivan, sluggers from way back, who claim to be able to knock the stuffing out of anybody who comes along. Our local celebrities are grooming themselves, and the "profeshes" want to look out.

Our rambler will make a round of the city and pick up the numerous buildings and improvements and show people, in our edition of January 1st, just what we are doing in the building line, right here in the middle of winter. It will be an eye opener.

With the G. O. Club New Year's eve, the Relief Corps dinner, the wedding, the myriads of happy callers New Year's Day, with two hops and several other social gatherings in the evening, Winfield will certainly have an exceptionally lively New Year's.

The replacing of the sidewalk on the New Farmer's Bank south is a blessing. Big improvements always make us step high. But many's the person who has failed to step high enough there, on some dark night, and planted a black plaster on his nose.

Now comes John Keck and E. C. Seward, the heavy weights of Winfield, and declare that they can throw professional sluggers over the moon in two seconds and one round. They have heavy backing and the Noble Greeks and Johnny Bull are getting nervous.

Some of our ice men took time by the bangs and put up considerable ice during the late freeze-up. The quality was rather thin, but it is barely possible it is the best the winter will afford. With longing fondness the men of ice are looking for a better "heeling."

Wonder if Vanderbilt intended to set an example for the millionaire hereabouts. If so, it was in vain: Our millionaires are novelhave gone clear back on the old wealthy custom of changing residence in winter to a warmer climate and in summer to a colder one.

Some of our big dry goods emporiums have handsome holiday trims on their show windows. The old-fashioned "rag-out," with the increasing metropolitan air of our city, is a small part of ware display. The windows with their dazzling array of fine goods are very enticing.

The lawyers and preachers vs. the printers had a big spelling match in Topeka the other day. Of course, it is needless to say that the printers carried off the baggage. A match of that kind in Winfield would be a daisy. Our lawyers could make poor Noah Webster feel awfully sick.

Wellington has a poet who howls: "Oh where are the girls of the past?" If he means the long, long ago girls of the past, he can find a myriad of them in his own townall patched up with store teeth, store hair, cotton, crinoline, and rouge, vainly trying to palm themselves off for sweet sixteen.

Good resolutions are commendable, but to receive is not to execute. He who will not execute his resolves when they are fresh upon him, will never do it afterward. There is a great deal of sound sense in the declaration of St. Paul that "Now is the accepted time." It is a good one and should be heeded.

The gentlemen are arranging for a lively New Year. Some exquisite cards are already secured. Some of the boys will put on eclat laying "Bosting" in the shade. A large number of ladies will receive, from 2 to 8 p.m., a list of whom will appear in THE DAILY tomorrow. Hand in your names, ladies, with street and number.

The preachers of the State are making lively raids on the devil's breast works. And now Winfield, in addition to effective efforts in the last few weeks, is to have a regular revival, conducted by Rev. Alexander Patterson, an evangelist of wide note, ability, and magnetism. The meetings will be union, held in the Baptist church. Preparatory union prayer meetings are being largely attended.

Here it is, the middle of winter, and a ramble over the city will reveal building and other improvements progressing just as though no let up was expected. New business buildings, new residences, new fences, new paint, and general spread greets the eye all around. And laborers are buoyant and happy. Such a winter, if it only continues, is heaven's greatest boon to the laborer, dependent upon his daily earnings for his daily bread.

What citizen or visitor hasn't stood with gazing vision to take in the magnificent architecture and proportions of the new Farmers Bank building, corner of Main and Ninth? It is a structure in which everybody takes a personal pride. It's looming three stories, unique exterior design, and complete interior arrangement make it purely a metropolitan structure: one that would do credit to cities ten times our age and four times our size. But, with our eight thousand people, cities of fifteen or twenty thousand envy our superior enterprise. Oh, we boom.

The tower of the new Central Ward school building looms sky-ward and will soon be finished, as will the whole building. The tower is seventy feet from the ground. The building is the pride and admiration of every beholder, citizen or stranger. With its twelve large school rooms, complete light, ample corridors and vestibules, excellent heating apparatus and beautiful exterior architecture, it is a magnificent structurea monument of intelligence, progress and refinement of our people. Nothing could speak louder for the superior character and desirability of Winfield.

"THE COURIER is always blowing about the business of Winfield," was fired at the rambler today. "You can keep on blowing, but I know a branch of business that is distressingly dull." "Perhaps you haven't fully posted yourself," answered the defender of the Queen City on any and all occasions. "Yes, I have, too: I've made the matter a specialty a long time." "And pray what is that line of business which is so depressed?" "Oh, it's matrimony!" The growler was an old maid! We hastened to answer her that all indications at present pointed to a breaking of the depressiona letting in of the sunlight of hope.

"I am a stranger in your city," said a fine looking gentleman to our rambler today. "I passed through here, and spent a few hours, three years ago, and I've been looking around again today. The changes astound me. The advancement, while magical, is of a substantial character that forecasts a metropolis. For wealth and imposing residence and business buildings, it beats any city in the west of its age, and I've seen most of them this trip. Right here I can see more indications of thrift and bristling enterprise than any place I have visited. Look at your Main streetsee its crowd and life. Walk up and down that street and you are soon convinced of the superior worth of your city and county and the excellent character of your people. You can count me a citizen of Winfield after January 14th."

He was a regulation frontiersman. He had lived in Cowley, failed, and gone to the "wild west" to grow up with the country. He has been growing up with it for twenty years and isn't a bit richer (in purse) than when he started. He is now despairingly going back to his wife's relations. The outfit is easily distinguished from the emigrant of energy and pluck. The horses look as though corn was worth seven dollars a bushel. The harness and wagon look as though they had faced the storms of ages. Under the greasy cover is a wife and seventeen children, ranging from one to seventeen years old, covered with a blanket, the greasy sheet and the blue vault of heaven. Behind follow six "yaller" dogs of the Sooner breed, who haven't tampered with grub in many, many moons. These are the "cusses" who give Kansas her only bad sendoff. In order to excuse their shiftlessness, they blame the country. Get out and stay out.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Judge H. D. Gans and estimable wife were the recipients of a great surprise Thursday eve. Their friends found out that it was the twentieth anniversary of their wedded life and at once began to devise plans to enter their pleasant home and completely take them unawares. Mrs. Gans, by one pretense or another, was kept away from home yesterday afternoon. A business appointment was made for the Judge directly after office hours. Their countenances were studies when they returned home and found it crowded with nearly one hundred friends. It is the only time on record where the Judge was nonplused. After handshakings all around and social pleasantries, Mr. and Mrs. Gans were ushered into the parlor and Mr. J. T. Hackney married the happy couple once again. In a short but very fitting address, Mr. J. F. Miller, as master of ceremonies, invited the guests into the dining room where all did ample justice to the well loaded table. At the same time Mr. Hackney presented to the newly married couple an elegant dinner and tea set of gold band China, as the gift of their many friends. Also a beautiful cup and saucer to each by the Misses Andrews. The Judge replied, thanking their friends for kind wishes, in beautiful and touching remarks. After the repast, Mrs. Olive McGuire rendered an excellent recitation. Everybody enjoyed themselves. The Judge acted just as pleased as a school boy, and made everybody feel right at home. It was not only their own church represented, but friends outside of the church as well, which goes to show the high estimation in which Mr. and Mrs. Gans are held by all. We trust such occasions may occur many times again.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Having got our mill fitted up with the most approved machinery and operated by a miller of large experience, we are making a first-class flour. Having fitted up for the purpose of doing an exchange trade, and being centrally located for the convenience of farmers who may have business in Winfield, we invite all to give us a trial and they will find at the top both for the quantity and quality of flour for good wheat. Always on hand for sale or exchange, Flour, Graham Flour, Corn Meal, Hominy, Grain Feed and Ship Stuffs.

Kirk & Alexander, 8th avenue, west of Lynn's store.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

To the public I wish to state that the affairs of the late Farmer's and Merchant's Bank, of Oxford, have been satisfactorily adjusted, I having paid every outstanding draft and every certificate of deposit, dollar for dollar. No man has or shall lose a dollar through me. The Bank will resume business again about January 1st, 1886, under the management of J. C. Brewster and L. J. Buchanan, the former, cashier, with a capital of twenty-five thousand dollars. It has been thought best to change the name of the Bank, and it will hereafter be known as the Sumner County Bank. James Brewster, Oxford, Kansas, December 19, 1885.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Ten head of fine Hereford bulls for sale. From good native cows and full blood Hereford bull, registered in American Herd Book, Vol. 3. 8 miles south and 2 miles east of Oxford.

L. F. Johnson.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

On and after March 1st, 1886, the sw 1/4 of section 3 township 33 range 3, in Beaver township, owned by A. B. Story. A. H. Green, Agent.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

We want to dispose of our entire stock of groceries, glass, and queensware, wooden and willow ware. We have been in business here nine years and the large trade we have built up will go with it. Other business interests demand our sole attention, hence our reason for selling. Our stock will run about $4,000 and lease the store room. Terms easy.

Wallis & Wallis.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Come on with your money and we will convince you that goods can be bought much cheaper for cash than credit. We intend to make it an object for you to pay cash for goods. Remember no goods sold on time after January 1st. Cooper & Taylor.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

All persons indebted to me are requested to call and settle at once. Don't delay this matter for I must have these accounts closed up. John C. Long.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

For loans on improved farms, go to JARVIS, CONKLIN & CO. They will give lower rates and better privileges than any other firm can give. Money paid as soon as the papers are executed. They are the only firm in Cowley County that have the coupons on hand to deliver when the interest is paid.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

A. C. Bangs' Omnibus and Transfer Co. have the finest line of carriages in the city and can furnish them for parties, weddings, operas, and funerals, on short notice, day or night, at reasonable terms. Baggage called for and delivered to any train, day or night. Leave orders at A. H. Doane's coal office, or at the Brettun.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

For choice of routes and rates to all points east, call at the Southern Kansas depot. Special round trip rates to New Orleans, La., Mobile, Ala., Jacksonville, Fla., and other winter resorts south. All questions cheerfully answered. O. Branham, Agent.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

Commencing with January 1st, 1886, we will sell goods very close and for the next 60 days for cash only. Cooper & Taylor.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

We earnestly request all persons knowing themselves indebted to us to call and settle their accounts. Cooper & Taylor.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, December 31, 1885.

We will continue to sell our hardware and tinware at cost until it is closed out.

Cooper & Taylor.