The Last Day of The Cowley Co. Fair--A Grand Success.


The Possibilities of Cowley Co. Shown in all Their Glory--Various Fairisms.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.


This is Winfield and Arkansas City Day at the Fair and decidedly the biggest day of all. Prettier weather couldn't be asked for than has been given the Cowley County Fair & Driving Park Association for their grand exhibition this week. Every day has been clear and balmy. Today was experienced the first terror--the dust, which a high breeze and the immense crowd stirred up in huge gobs that slapped a fellow in the face like hail stones. Uncle Wesley Paris, with his street sprinkler, kept the dust down as far as the Santa Fe depot. The wealth to send him clear through should have been raised. The first reinforcement this morning came in at 8 o'clock from Arkansas City, six coaches, jammed full, and accompanied by the Buckskin Border Band, in their Noble Red man uniforms. Their music is first class and one of the most acceptable sources of pleasure on the Fair Grounds today. The Arkansas City crowd was followed by delegations from everywhere, a big majority of Cowley's population and a fine representation from every joining county. Winfield was out in full force and the business houses were closed this afternoon from 12 to 5 o'clock. Today finished the awarding of most of the premiums, and red and blue ribbons were decorating the exhibits in profusion, making everything in intelligent shape for the thousands of sight-seers. The profusion of compliments and enthusiasm over the vast possibilities of old Cowley fell like rain. The magnificent exhibits in every department entranced all, and made an advertisement for our splendid county that will go thundering down the ages, a charm to thousands of easterners. Strangers, in Kansas prospecting, visited our fair numerously and were almost knocked down with surprise at the hugeness of Cowley's productions. They did not expect to find the same prolificness way down in a border county. Facts kill concocted ideas every time.


There were three entries for P. H. Albright's special bushel of corn premium. Ambrose Rowe, of Oxford, had 57½ ears in his bushel of 70 pounds, and took first prize of $15. M. S. Rowe had 51 ears and took second. S. Kennedy had 52 ears and took third.


The competition in this department was lively and created some feeling. The display was excellent. We find it impossible to publish the awards today, but will give them in due time.


The display in the Floral department was hardly as large as it might have been desired. Rose & Moueller, of Wichita, had the largest display and took ten ribbons. Miss Hope Manser took the blue ribbon on her handsome hand bouquets, and Mrs. Wm. Trezise on her best half dozen button hole bouquets. Mrs. Trezise received several ribbons on her display, which was very fine.


The elaborate display of furniture made by A. B. Arment, 1007 South Main street, is as fine a lay out as was ever produced at any Fair, and charms hundreds of appreciative eyes. The display was arranged by Sidney B. Carnine, and is exquisite, showing up most creditably the mammoth furniture house of A. B. Arment.


in the show for hogs had quite a head of English Berkshires. At the head of his herd is American Sovereign, No. 3627 (American Berkshire record), weighs 800 pounds. Kansas Queen, No. 12,000, weighs 600 pounds. Has 5 brood sows, 15 head of pigs, and quite a number of others. His hogs were not pampered the last year for show. He has been keeping them for breeding purposes and not for show. Cowley farmers can get here as good Berkshires as are bred.


This has been a gala day for music. Four bands are in attendance. The "Buckskins" of Arkansas City are very striking in their buckskin suits and coon skin caps. They are a very fine body of young men and good musicians. The Terminus may well be proud of this band and should encourage them by a liberal support. The three Winfield bands were out, the Courier, the Juvenile, and the Union. The Courier Cornet band was sixteen strong and filed up in front of THE COURIER headquarters and played one of those splendid overtures to an admiring audience. President Martin then made them a warm congratulatory speech. THE COURIER filled their pockets with cigars and the band filed out in splendid order, looking like a drilled company. The Juveniles are winning high words of praise and are great favorites with the public. THE COURIER acknowledges a fine serenade from the boys, which was highly appreciated.


Mr. J. D. Guthrie got through with his department yesterday, that of agriculture. This department includes the big pumpkins, corn, and other products, and the farm displays. Isaac Wood took the blue ribbon on red fall wheat, white and yellow corn, and orchard grass. The competition in white oats was brisk, there being five entries. H. Harbaugh took first and J. H. Curfman second. In red oats W. A. Murry was the winner. W. C. Hayden took first on sweet corn and J. H. Curfman second. Mr. Curfman also captured first on pop corn and on late Irish potatoes. Geo. Vanway had a fine display and captured six blue ribbons. W. C. Hayden also took a whole string of blue ribbons, and a lot of reds. S. S. Linn took first on early Irish potatoes. The big pumpkin prize was captured by J. Eddy. The great feature of this department was the displays of Cowley County products from a single farm, the prize being $25 to first, $15 to second, $10 to third, and $5 to fourth. There were three entries, all splendid as described in Tuesday's DAILY COURIER. President J. F. Martin took first, N. S. Perry second, and W. C. Hayden third--Mr. Hayden took first on best display of garden vegetables from a single garden.


The fruit department is attracting a good deal of attention. President Martin's legend is ready by every person and calls out much merriment. There are a few very noticeable features--that to speak of previous to the action of the judges we don't think we will do any harm. W. M. Limbocker has an apple of unknown variety that measures fourteen inches in circumference. J. B. Callison, a pear, "Duchess de Argentine," twelve inches, and a plate of each averaging over eleven inches. Mr. Kennedy, of West Bolton, a peach (seedling) ten and three-fourth inches and a bucket full very little less; none less than ten inches in circumference. Kate McClung, of Pleasant Valley, has three plates--and some in a basket--of the Tallawalen apple, one of which measures thirteen and one-fourth inches. Mr. Browning, of Beaver, three plates each of Grimes, Golden, Smith, Cider, and Pennsylvania Red Streak, that are exceptionally fine. Two plates of Blood Red and Transcendent crabs, and three plates of American Golden russets attract attention--some claim that the russet can't be made a success in Kansas.


The 2:40 pace had three entries--"Bashaw," owned by M. J. Willis, Burden; "Hany Phelps," by W. J. Kinchler, Equity, Kansas, and "B. L.," by W. Trotter, Wellington. Hany Phelps got the three straight heats, with B. L. a very close second. 2:39¼, 2:43, and 2:45. Purse $150. Bashaw, who is totally blind and at one time a daisy flyer, persisted in breaking but saved his distance. He is a reacher from long taw, without an equilibrium. Henry Phelps and B. L. paced a beautiful race--as pretty as any pace our ring has afforded.

The contestants in the running race, half mile dash, were "Accidental," F. H. Fitch, owner; "Nellie Buckles," owned by M. Y. Hudspeth; "Gray Buck," by J. Barnes, and "Rosewood," by W. M. Vizey. This race drew unusual interest from the fact that Miss Mary Williams, of Wellington, whose twenty mile contest with Cricket Still at Bismarck made famous, rode Nellie Buckles. Gray Buck took first money, Accidental second, and Nellie Buckles third. Purse $30 to first, $12.50 to second, and $7.50 to third. Time 53 seconds. Miss Williams rode beautifully, but her horse was lame, making her show disadvantageous.

The closest speed ring contest yesterday was in the 2:40 trot, 1½ mile best three in five. Judge McDonald's "Rebecca," A. E. Gibson's "Brown Bird," Emeline and Frank N. Strong's "Nellie Mac." The full five heats were run, the first two won by Nellie Mac and the last three by Rebecca, giving the latter first money and Gray Bird second and Nellie Mac third. Purse $100. Time 2:40. Rebecca is a beautiful traveler, a stretcher from the word go; but when she breaks on a heat, she is mighty hard to get down to business.

The speed ring runs along--the smoothest way under the superintendency of James Vance, and the judgeship of Capt. P. A. Huffman, Messrs. A. T. Spotswood, and Sol Burkhalter. They are old in turf experience and can readily tell every point in a race.

Sam Platt, of W. A. Ritchie's architectural rooms, kept the speed ring's official record yesterday. He's a good one anywhere.

Mrs. Brown, of Winfield, and Miss Mary Williams, of Wellington, competed yesterday for the best driving by ladies. Miss Williams, in turning, came very near meeting with a serious accident. The harness became loosened and the horse began to run, throwing Miss Williams out. The horse ran around the track at break neck speed, getting loose from the buggy, and was finally caught. The lady was not hurt beyond a bad scare. The buggy was badly torn up.


The show of roadsters was very fine. Jim Vance, Joe Harter, Capt. Nipp, Gene Wilbur, Billy Hands, Arthur Bangs, Joe Moore, and Judge McDonald were in the ring with their steeds. The driving was very fine and resulted in Joe Harter capturing the blue ribbon and Gene Wilbur the red. In double roadster teams, Billy Hands, Gene Wilbur, C. C. Pierce, and John Hahn competed. The teams were as fine as any one could wish to see. Billy Hands took first premium and Gene Wilbur second. The teams were very evenly matched and the decision hard to make. In the roadster stallion class, Capt. Lyon captured first premium for 4 year-olds. For 3 year-olds, Judge McDonald's "Malcomb Spray" took first.


Mr. Callison exhibits some Kansas grass (Blue Stem) eight and a half feet long. It was cut a little green and not fully matured. Mr. Callison says he will bring some next year not cut until it gets its growth.

The president received from Mr. Secretary Bracket a dispatch yesterday saying that it would be impossible for him to attend our fair, and that he regretted it more than we did.

Parties visiting the fair should not fail to see the operations of the celebrated steam washer, being practically demonstrated by the agents, Conrad & Shearer, just west of the exhibition building.

Secretary Kretsinger gave a lady a license to sell perfumery yesterday. In a short time her perfumery business developed into a very ingenious game, whereby the unsuspecting youth could be divorced from his dollars. Siverd's eagle eye detected her and she was brought up and compelled to quit. She was an adventuress of the most adventurous sort.

Among the representations of Cowley's industries, her magnificent stone has not been forgotten. J. E. Conklin has an elegant display from his quarry east of town, the most notable of which is a beautiful turned vase, as smooth and perfect as though turned from marble. Mr. Conklin also exhibits an obelisk made from Cowley County stone, showing the ease and perfection with which this stone can be worked. G. W. Yount also shows a large obelisk made of stone from his quarry near town. It is eight feet high, two feet square at the base, and a perfect specimen of the tractability of Cowley's magnificent stone. It attracts much attention and comment as one of the industries that is rapidly making our county famous.


Yesterday was an immense day for the Cowley County Fair. Never before was there such a jam. Over ten thousand people were on the grounds and the attractions satisfactory. From morning till night all was a perfect mass of surging humanity. It is a marvel that no accidents are to be chronicled today--it is only owing to the perfect Fair management. Today has been a good day also, the grounds being well filled all day. This afternoon the crowd would compare very favorably with yesterday. This was children's day, and all children under thirteen years of age, when accompanied by parents, were admitted free. That the Fair has been an immense success in every department is a prominent fact. The satisfaction of all patrons is most gratifying. This Fair has shown up grandly the gigantic possibilities of our splendid young county. Every old pioneer goes home with a heart running over with joy at the results he has done so much toward attaining, while strangers were at first dumbfounded and knocked down by the immense productions that everywhere greeted their eyes. They had heard big stories, but not half. And there they were face to face with facts that seemed too huge for comprehension. This Fair has been an advertisement to Cowley County that will go thundering over the country, of incalculable benefit to the best county in all the fair west.


This morning witnessed the grandest show of the fair--the sweepstakes in horses and cattle. In the ring for the best stallions of any age or blood, sixteen stallions were exhibited. The horsemen were enthusiastic over the show. There were horses of every form, shape, and weight from the limb built, silken haired thoroughbred to the mammoth Clydesdale, weighing a ton. The society was very fortunate in the selection of judges for the difficult task of awarding the premium in the persons of S. W. Phenix, D. W. Frew, and J. W. Morse. Mr. Morse is a stranger, but a fine horseman. Capt. Lyons' "Bertrand" was awarded the premium. The premium for best mare was awarded to F. P. Harriott. The award for the best brood mare, with two or more of her offspring, was given to L. Stout, and that for best stallion, with five of his colts, to N. L. Yarbrough. In the sweepstakes for cattle, the show was equally as fine. Eight bulls were in the ring. The prize was awarded to John R. Smith & Sons. The blue ribbon for best cow of any age or breed was taken by Bahntge, Kates & Co., and that for cross cow by John R. Smith. Bahntge, Kates & Co., also took the prize for best herd of thoroughbreds. The blue ribbon for best cow with three of her calves was taken by J. Johnson, of Maple City. The judges were Owen Shriver, E. P. Young, and Chauncey Hewett.


The agricultural exhibits of President Jas. F. Martin, N. S. Perry, and W. C. Hayden drew out universal enthusiasm from every beholder. Their grandeur is inexpressible. Easterners stood and gazed at these wonderful collections by the hour, with eyes bulged out. They embrace about everything an unsurpassed soil and experienced agriculture can produce, from the little bean to the huge pumpkins, displayed in a manner most neat and enterprising. Mr. Martin took first premium, Mr. Perry second, and Mr. Hayden third. These exhibits were the greatest puzzle to the judges. Each exhibit embraced from one to two hundred varieties--embracing everything in fruits, vegetables, grains, and grasses. As an advertisement of Cowley County's famous prolificness, they were paramount to anything on the Fair grounds. The labor these exhibits cost is incalculable--not remunerated a hundredth part by the premium money. Messrs. Martin, Perry, and Hayden have the sincere gratitude of every citizen of Cowley for their energy and enterprise in advertising our county by these magnificent shows.


The first race yesterday was the free for all pace, mile heats, best three in five, three entries--Budweiser, by E. J. Wood, Coffeyville; Caroline, by Judge McDonald, Winfield; Harry Phelps, by W. J. Kinchler, Equity. Caroline made the first half-mile heat in 1:14--a 2.28 gait--the best time ever made on our track. She won the three straight heats, followed by Budweiser. Harry Phelps was withdrawn after the first heat. Time, 2:23¼, 2:35¾, and 2:42. Purse $37.50 to first and $22.50 to second.

The next race was a trot, best three in five, mile heats, with three competitors: O'Neal's Lady Hart, Frank Strong's Nellie Mac, and M. J. Wells' Major B. Nellie Mac had an easy job, just reining ahead all around, getting the three straight heats without much effort. Major B. came in second, and Lady Hart tailed up. Time: 3:00, 3:10, and 2:59. Purse $75.00

The prettiest race of the afternoon was the running contest, mile heats, best two in three. There were three contestants: Rosmore, Hybernia, and Willis Renfrou. Hybernia won the two straight heats, Rosmore second. Renfrou was distanced the first heat. Purse $60.00 to first, $25.00 to second. Time 1:49¾.

The contest for J. J. Carson's special prize of a fine hat for the best gentleman rider was competed for by Parker Hahn, George W. Miller, Dick Chase, and E. M. Chase. The judges were Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, Mrs. A. H. Doane, and Miss Margie Wallis. Mr. Miller won the prize. He threw a beautiful bouquet to the ladies just before the decision, which likely cut some figure.


One of the most noticeable and popular exhibits on the grounds has been that of the Adams & Westlake Manufacturing Company of their Monarch Gasoline Stoves. The exhibit was in charge of J. M. Gundlach, their western agent. Under a handsome pavilion in one of the L's of the main exhibition building were arranged the stoves of all sizes and styles, in actual operation, and turning out bread of snowy whiteness, and cakes that were the envy of all the ladies. They entertained the four cornet bands with lunch, all cooked in the open air on the grounds on THE MONARCH stoves. Their exhibition proved equally attractive with the big pumpkins and fine stock, and will make the Monarch gasoline stoves very popular among the homes of our county. The display was a very important addition to the attractions of the Fair. Messrs. Horning & Whitney are the exclusive agents for these stoves in Winfield. Mr. Gundlach intends to return in the spring and will give a grand free dinner to the people of Cowley, all cooked on the Monarch. The Monarch was awarded the first premium, to which it was well entitled.


The judges, Walton, Croco, and Stewart, had a laborious day Thursday on passing through the apples only. There were some 40 varieties of late and winter, and 20 to 15 summer. Two of the judges were fruit men in Ohio, yet many of the well known varieties were so changed by the climate and soil that they scarcely recognized them. They were larger, more distinctly colored, and of a more pronounced flavor. There were exhibited in some of the more popular varieties from 10 to 15 plates, and this only increased the trouble of the judges. It was almost impossible to decide which was first and second best where there were a dozen almost or quite equally good. The rule was adopted of selecting the plate that held the fruit most fully representing in shape, color, and other qualities supposed to belong to the kind of apple presented. The same rule was applied to all fruits in their department. The judges expressed themselves as being enthusiastic over Cowley's fruit, and the fine artistic taste of the management of class H. It probably was the finest display of fruit ever seen in Southern Kansas. There is no longer any question as to the ability of Southern Kansas as a fruit growing country. It will take some years, if not decades, to decide the special locations as to soil and altitude for the different varieties for fruit. As yet it appears that the most solid fruit comes from the highlands in the eastern part of the county. The best pears were from the Arkansas river bluff, and the largest fruits from the valleys of the Arkansas and Walnut rivers.


George M. Drake, postoffice inspector, arrived yesterday for the purpose of locating the postoffice. He is in favor of the building now occupied by the 9th Avenue Hotel.

The parade drill of Co. C., K. N. G., on the Fair grounds yesterday afternoon drew much attention. Under Capt. Steuven and First Lieutenant Finch, the evolutions were gone through most creditably. The company was in its bright new uniforms and presented a splendid appearance. That Cowley sported such a well drilled and complete military company was a surprise to many who hadn't had the opportunity to see them on dress parade.

Company C will go to the Topeka reunion on a special train Sunday afternoon at 3 o'clock. Capt. Steuven issues a command for the members of the company to meet at the Rink Sunday punctually at 10 o'clock. The Courier Cornet Band and the First Light Artillery will go on the same train.

One of the finest collections in the art department is the collection of Emerson Martin. It embraces twenty varieties of coral and sea shells and ferns and shell curiosities of very conceivable kind. The exhibit is worthy all the admiration it elicits. Mr. Martin has spent years in its collection, and means to have it descend from generation to generation as an heirloom, increasing as it goes down. J. S. Mann makes a good display of clothing in the art department. He couldn't get room for a large display in the main hall. Profs. Wood and Inskeep, of our new Normal and business college, have an elegant display of penmanship at the Fair. It is the work of Prof. Inskeep, and the specimens of animals and various fancy strokes show him to be a marvelously expert penman.

The handsome gray driving team of Gene Wilbur, which attracted so much attention in the driving team contest at the Fair Wednesday, is one of the very best teams in the West. They are perfect beauties: solid, sleek, and full of life, yet so gentle and well trained that anybody can drive them. They are perfectly built and capable for any work. Gene offers this elegant team for sale and the man who gets them will be in luck.

Of course, J. B. Lynn, the pioneer merchant, had a representation at the fair grounds. His dry goods business is just like an open book in Cowley, so he took a special turn, and made a mammoth display entirely of carpets. Every conceivable pattern, Brussels, Ingrains, mats, rugs, and stair patters. It is a very fine exhibit and the subject of much favorable comment.

The Courier Cornet Band, under its brightly arrayed drum major, Judge Snow, had a parade drill in the speed ring park yesterday afternoon, going through numerous and varied evolutions, allowing much proficiency. The boys will attend the Topeka soldiers' reunion, and will no doubt carry off golden laurels.

Vernon township carries off the prize on wheat. F. W. Schwantes coming up with 870 bushels, raised on twenty-one acres of ground, making forty-one and three-sevenths bushels to the acre.

There were forty-two instruments playing at once in the band stand Thursday. This is the best band display ever seen at a county fair.

The lemonade men conspired against the pump on the fair grounds today. It refused to work and investigation brought to light a handful of tacks. A policeman with a club protected the water supply for the balance of the day.

Capt. Siverd, as assistant manager, as everybody who has attended this Fair expected he would, filled a "long felt want"--an assistant manager that could manage. As he is so well known and one of our own townsmen, perhaps it would look rather egotistical to say he can not be beaten for that position, but will say that he just suits the patrons of the Cowley County Fair.

The police management was the admiration of all visitors. On Thursday there were at least ten thousand persons and five to six hundred horses and a great number of all manner of wheeled vehicles inside of the magnificent grounds, and yet the quiet gentlemanly demeanor and military precision and firmness of the corps and Chief Strong kept things just as quietly and orderly as if there had been five acres to each team. Chief Strong and his score of ex-soldiers deserve great credit for their quiet yet firm manner of keeping order. But then it is not much of a job to manage a large crowd of Americans when there is no whiskey or gambling. Prohibition prohibits at least at the Cowley County Fair. Sam Strong as chief is the right man in the right place. He had had an assistant, Sid Cure, who appeared to occupy the same position.

N. T. Snyder's Jerseys were beauties and took the ribbons all around. His herd received universal attention and were praised by all. The Jerseys are by long odds the best domestic animals.

Ab. Holmes' Galloways carried off the ribbons. His bull is a dandy and received much attention from stock men.

The Fair association took in between fifteen hundred and two thousand dollars yesterday. The amphitheater brought about $300.

The elegant swallow-tailed coat of Julius Goczliwski on exhibition at the fair grounds is one of the finest garments ever turned from a tailor establishment, and caught all the boys.

The beautiful hand made foot rest of Mrs. Harry Steinhilber, and the lovely table scarf of Mrs. Henry Brown attracted much attention in the fine art department.

Among the fine art attractions was a lovely landscape painting by Miss Pauline Baird. This is Pauline's second effort and most creditable it is indeed. The colors blend beautifully and the objects are fine in proportion. She takes much interest in art, and starts out with an aptness that insures success.

Isaac Woods has some orchard grass seed on exhibition and specimens of Arkansas valley growth of orchard grass. He informs us that off one half acre he gathered five bushels of seed. (Cut with cradle.) Immediately after cutting the seed, he mowed it with a machine, and got one and a half tons of good hay, and since then on the aftermath, he has pastured six of his fine Poland China brood sows with no other feed and they are yet doing fine and will till a heavy frost. As the President says about fruit: "If we could only grow grass, what a fine country we would have." Mr. Woods claims that in the Arkansas river bottom (the best corn land in the world) he can raise as much feed for hogs on one acre of orchard as he can on two acres planted in corn, and he raises corn that weighs 2 pounds to the ear.


Saturday closed the five days of the Cowley County Fair. The attendance yesterday was very large--compared favorably with Thursday, when the attendance was immense. The interest throughout the fair was intense. The whole week has been a holiday--everybody quitting their daily vocations to witness the attractions of Cowley's big show. A grand show it was, is the verdict of all. Representatives of various farmers' journals, who have attended every fair in Southern Kansas so far this year, pronounce our fair far ahead of any of them in every department, and equal to the State Fair at Peabody. The satisfaction of patrons is astonishingly unanimous. Everything was complete. The management was the subject of much praise. All worked as smoothly as clock work. As to the fair's financial success, it cannot yet be ascertained. But the fair association is safe. The receipts were enough to pay the premiums in full and total expenditures with a sum to apply on the improvements made this year.


The speed ring was opened yesterday afternoon with the free for all trot. Three entries, Black Tom, by H. M. Balch; Alladin, by S. B. Oberlander. Black Tom got first and Alladin second. Clifford was distanced the first heat. Purse, $50 to first; $30 to second. Time, 2:36, 2:30, 2:32¼, 2:34. The next was the novelty running race, $25 to winner first ¼; $35 to winner first ½; mile $50; and 1½ mile $65--total purse $175. The entries were Gray Buck, Hybernia, and Rosmore. Gray Buck got ¼ and 1½ and Rosmore 1 and 1½. Hybernia pulled out after the first heat.

The ladies riding exhibition had six competitors: Lille B. Rosenbury, Arkansas City; Mary Williams, Wellington; Mabel Myers, Miss Brown, and Isaac McArthur, of Winfield; and Jennie Cooper, Texas. Mable Myers took first money, $10, and Isaac McArthur, second place, $5.


The entire fruit exhibit, over a hundred and fifty plates of every variety, was carefully packed in barrels today and left via Adams Express over the S. K. this evening for the State Fair at Indianapolis, accompanied by the committee appointed by Cowley's real estate men, President Jas. F. Martin, Capt. P. A. Huffman, and Mr. J. D. Guthrie. The fruit was splendidly preserved and under the management of this experienced committee, will make an exhibit of grand advertisement to our magnificent county. It will make the Hoosier's eye bug with a great big illuminated B. The Express Company transported the exhibit free.


One of the most attractive things in the department of home manufacture at the fair was the historical quilt of Mrs. Sarah P. Fazel. She is sixty-four years old, and began the quilt in the Centennial year, 1876. It is made of varied-colored calico. It is an allegorical history of the Union from 1776 to 1876. Starting with the rebellion, where "1 man beat back 1,000 and 2 men put 10,000 to flight," there are the monuments of Washington and Lafayette; thirteen starts representing the original states; the rebellion, where "1,800,000 of our brave freed 4,000,000 slaves"--the slaves represented by dark colors; the seceding states, represented by broken links; the U. S. Senators, two for each state, with three black spots showing as many colored members. The principal trunk line railways, with the large cities on them, and their population; the capital building at Washington; the muskets of peace stocked and rusting; the names of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, the name of every president, with the bright and black representing those whose terms were partially served, and numerous other historical symbols. This is indeed a wonderful quilt, exhibiting remarkable historical study and patriotism. Of course, it got the blue ribbon. The old lady finished it just before the fair began, having been working on it at odd times for about nine years.


The Fair Grounds look dilapidated today. Where all was rush and jam, all week, is now a dreary waste. Exhibitors were busy all over the grounds today pulling out their exhibits, and this evening not a thing is left, but a few racers in the stalls.

School opens Monday and the small boy from then on for the next eight months will suffer all the torment that confinement can inflict on the young mind. The high school and grammar department will open in the McDougal building.

The grand stock parade at 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon was the best display of fine stock ever made in a western county. It reached clear around the speed ring, and drew thousands of enthusiastic spectators.

Monday THE COURIER will present a full gist of the premiums awarded by the Fair Association and who got them. It was impossible to get them all until transferred to the secretary's books.

While riding a match race yesterday afternoon, a boy by the name of Connor, riding for Mr. Peters, of El Dorado, was thrown from his horse and received some very severe bruises and had his collar bone broken. Drs. Wells and Marsh dressed the wound temporarily, after which he was removed to the office of Dr. Wells and more careful attention given the case.

Foreigners were prominent in the hog department at the Fair. The object of competing with all comers is to let our farmers see what is being done and to see the very best specimen in stock, and if our breeders fail to have the very best, our farmers should know where it can be secured. The breeders are generally a class of men that take care of their interest and the papers and the citizens should assist the farmers to find who are the very best breeders of the state. Mr. Hubbard, of Sumner, had as good a herd of Poland China and of Berkshire hogs as money and a well informed head can get up. Mr. Keagy, of Sumner, and Mr. Moore of this county, have each a large number of the very best breed of Berkshire. Mr. Keagy had his in excellent trim for exhibition and consequently took most of the first premiums on Berkshires. Mr. Moore had equally as well bred a herd, but they were not in as good fix to draw attention as was his neighbor's. The best of feeling prevailed among the competitors. They all speak highly of the officers and management of the fair.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The Infirmarian of Mount St. Clements College, Rochester, Maryland, writes that Red Star Cough Cure has given much satisfaction in that institution. In a severe case of consumption, it gave great relief, and after its use restless nights and night sweats disappeared.


Some Pointers for Strangers Looking for Homes, Investments, Etc.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Although times are dull and money scarce, generally speaking, Winfield has not lost her grip and the expressions and opinions of strangers who have been visiting our Fair verify our statements regarding the advantages our city enjoys over her neighbors. No stranger can walk our miles and miles of sidewalks without seeing the busy mechanics and hearing the music of the saw and hammer on every hand. The building season is just beginning and before the winter sets in there will be a marked improvement all over the city. The large and elegant building of the Farmers' Bank and J. P. Short, on the corner of Ninth and Main, the Weitzel extension to the Commercial hotel, the Winfield National Bank addition, the fine residences of John A. Eaton, Mrs. Silliman, and numerous others equally as good, are a true indication of the boom we are experiencing and shows that our capitalists are not timid with their money. No stranger looking for a location can note all this without readily deciding on Winfield as the proper place to locate. She enjoys school facilities unexcelled by any city in the State. Aside from these two most important factors in the make-up of a live, moral city, we can point with pride to our inexhaustible water-works, our gas works, our shipping facilities--a better place could not be found to bring up your girls and boys. Within the shadow of our Methodist college and various churches, where can be found a better place to raise a family? We are proud of Winfield, we are proud of her magnificent buildings, of her churches and enterprising citizens.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

LONDON. In a recent trade-mark suit it was shown by sworn evidence that over nine million bottles of St. Jacobs Oil had been sold here during the past few years. Leading chemists certify that the sale of this remedy exceeds that of all others; and that it is being recognized as the best pain cure ever discovered. In serious rheumatism it has accomplished astonishing results.

[Above is one of the many medicine ads in each issue of paper on front page.]


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

We are in receipt of the Atlanta Advertiser, a neatly printed, six column folio, full of local news about that thriving new town.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

J. Q. Merriam came in from Ft. Scott Saturday evening.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Bro. Henthorn, of the Burden Eagle, has the following to say in regard to our Fair Association. "The Cowley County Fair Association has had an opportunity to grow rich and it has done so, but at the expense of the people of the county. The small premiums offered for worthy exhibits have kept the number growing smaller each year. In this connection we wish to remark that a clearer case of robbing has never come under our notice. In most places a ticket of admission entitles the holder to all privileges of the grounds. Not so here. You get inside the gate, then if you want to see the races you must take your choice of staying in the hot sun and dust looking through fence slats, or pay twenty-five cents admission to the amphitheatre, or the same to the speed ring. If the Association fails to furnish better accommodations and let up on such unjust extortion, its future will be unsuccessful."

You are all wrong, Bro. Henthorn. The unlimited liberality of the Association in premiums have given them enough to come out just about even and no more. The Association has never yet been able to declare a dividend and if there is a balance this year, it will be out of pocket.


Our Magnificent Fruit Display to Go to the Hoosier State Fair.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

A meeting was held at THE COURIER office on the Fair Grounds today to arrange for exhibiting the display of Cowley County fruit at the Indiana State Fair next week. H. G. Fuller was chosen chairman and N. T. Snyder secretary. The meeting was enthusiastic. Mr. Snyder stated that the real estate men of Arkansas City would bear their share of the expense. Mr. Manser moved that the real estate men should pledge the sum necessary to carry the exhibit east. A committee consisting of Messrs. Manser, Fuller, and Snyder was selected to attend to the finances. President Jas. F. Martin, J. D. Guthrie, and Capt. Huffman were selected to take the exhibit to Indianapolis. This idea is one of the best ever proposed in the interest of our county. A finer exhibit of fruit than ours was never made, and its display, appropriately decorated with banners, will make the Hoosiers' eyes bug out. The committee start Saturday.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The city schools opened Monday and the Superintendent, Prof. A. Gridley, has been bobbing around variously in getting the various departments started off. The high school and grammar rooms of the Central school building are dilapidated by the progressing addition and the high school and one grammar department have rooms in the McDougal building--the main hall and a room suite--until the Central building is finished. The teachers this year are: Prof. W. N. Rice, Principal of high school; Miss Lola Williams, grammar department--McDougal building.

Central building--Miss Louise Gregg, grammar room; Miss Sadie Davis, 2nd Intermediate; Miss Maude Pearson, 1st intermediate; Miss Josie Pixley, 2nd primary; Miss Mary Berkey, 1st primary.

Second ward--Miss Flo. Campbell, 2nd intermediate, Miss Fannie Stretch, 1st intermediate, Miss Clara Davenport, 2nd primary; Miss Jessie Stretch, 1st primary.

[I question the following: Jessie Stretch (1st intermediate and 1st primary???]

Third ward--Miss Alice Dickey, 2nd intermediate; Miss Mary Hamill, 2nd primary. Miss Mattie Bryant, teacher of the 1st primary in this ward is necessarily absent in Colorado, and her department will be taught till her return by Miss Jennie Lowry.

The enrollment today is large. All will be jam until the new building is done.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Among the exhibits in the horse department at the Fair, J. C. McMullen's was most noticeable. It consisted of ten splendid large Clydesdale mares, with their seven colts besides, and his two magnificent stallions, Cadder Lad and Iago. Cadder Lad is one of the purest bred Clydesdales in the west. He is four years old and weighs 1,860 pounds, and of a disposition as gentle and domestic as a kitten. He took the first premium at the Iowa state fair. Iago is a three year old and weighs 1,600 pounds, and is a beauty, but not so perfectly developed as Cadder Lad. The Colonel never does things by halves; and when he went into the stock business, he selected only the best without regard to cost. He paid $3,000 for Cadder Lad and $2,000 for Iago. His enterprise in this connection will be most valuable to Cowley, and before many years "scrub teams" will be a thing of the past. The Colonel's horses carry quite a string of ribbons now, over warm competition.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Company C, K. N. G., under Capt. Steuven and Lieuts. Finch and Snow, with the Courier Cornet Band, sixteen pieces, and the First Light Artillery, took a special train for the Topeka Soldier's Reunion, Sunday, at 3 o'clock. The boys left in high spirits and their bright new uniforms and looked war-like: with a dozen or two watermelons to load up with. There is no doubt that our company is one of the best drilled in the state and will carry off high honors. The artillery, under Capt. Haight, will make the echoes resound and will be a fine adjunct to the Reunion. And the Courier Cornet Band will win golden laurels. The music they selected for the occasion is of the highest order and will be rendered charmingly. It will be a hard job to find a band in the state to excel our boys.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

A short session of the District Court was held Saturday by Judge pro tem Dalton.

Ada M. Rice was given a divorce from Lewis C. Rise. Both parties, after hanging fire for three or four terms, now have divorced and must be happy.

Ina the case of J. C. Fuller vs. Chas. Izzard et al, judgment was given plaintiff for $209.62, with foreclosure of mortgage.

The case of Leonard Farr vs. Archibald F. McClaren et al, was dismissed with prejudice.

The court adjourned to Thursday when the bar will meet and probably decide to adjourn this term owing to Judge Torrance's necessitated absence. The adjournment can't be had till after October 5th, to which time the jury and witnesses in criminal cases were dismissed.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The Akron Town Company has filed its charter with the Secretary of State. This is on the D., M. & A. at Akron postoffice eight miles north of Winfield in Fairview township. The Directors are Thomas S. Covert and J. M. Covert, of Akron; J. J. Burns and Thomas Donohue, of Belle Plaine; and Chas. C. Black, of Winfield; and the capital stock is $10,000. The headquarters will be at Akron and Winfield.

We notice that three other town companies on the D., M. & A. west of this place have filed charters, viz:

Mallory Town Company. Located in Sumner County. The Directors are Donohue and J. J. Burns, of Belle Plaine; Chas. C. Black, Winfield; and Jo. Hansen, St. Joseph. The capital stock is $10,000.

Belmont Town Company. Located in Kingman County. The Directors are Geo. Thompson, Harper; William Stoors, Belmont; Chas C. Black, Winfield; Jo. Hansen, St. Joseph; J. J. Burns, Belle Plaine. The capital stock is $10,000.

The Milton Town Company, with headquarters at Milton and Winfield, has filed its charter. The directors are Chas. C. Black, Winfield; J. J. Burns and Charles Donohue, Belle Plaine; and Jo. Hansen, St. Joseph. Capital stock: $10,000.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

A lady picked up a piece of Doane's patent fire kindler the other day. It is made of rosin and sawdust and looks very much like a stick of patent yeast. This is what she took it for. Getting home she put it to soak. After soaking it a whole day, imagine her chagrin at it remaining as thick as ever. It wouldn't swell up and soften, and she tumbled to the sell. It is death to yell "yeast" to that woman now. We have seventeen affidavits to attach to this story if necessary.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Our Fair reporter was tired Saturday: so tired that in his final summing up of Fair events he chronicled the successful lady rider as "Isaac McArthur." It should have been Miss Sadie McArthur, who took first premium and Miss Mable Myers, second. However, after writing thirty-six columns of original matter during the week, a mistake at the last end don't count.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The WINFIELD DAILY COURIER showed its usual enterprise last week by enlarging to a nine column paper during the fair, with a full and complete report of each day's doings. THE COURIER is always ready to keep pace with the demands of a reading public.

Oxford Register.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Samuel Loutenschlager, of Wooster, Ohio, a brother of Mrs. Sam Smedley, is visiting them.




Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

J. C. Pusey, the defaulting clerk at the penitentiary, plead guilty on four counts, and was sentenced to the penitentiary for two years on each count, or eight years in all, the lightest punishment that could be inflicted under the law. We presume that this is a compromise.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Ohio Republican politicians think the number of Democrats in that State who will vote the Republican ticket for the purpose of procuring the re-enactment of the Scott law, will be as great as that of Republicans who will vote the prohibition ticket for the purpose of siding to keep the rum party in power.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The Kansas City and Southwestern railroad company will open its line between Beaumont and Winfield, Kansas, a distance of forty-two miles, on the 1st of October. It is stated that an extension from Winfield to Arkansas City will be completed by the 1st of December. Press Dispatch.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The Norristown Herald appears to have the combination of the business situation. It remarks: "This summer Senator Vance has killed a very large bear, Senator Ransom has killed a very large snake, Secretary Whitney has killed a very large business industry, and President Cleveland has caught a very large trout. And yet some persons pretend that the country under a Democratic administration is not booming."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Ex-Senator McDonald, of Indiana, gave President Cleveland, the other day, the benefit of his advice about Indiana affairs. When Vice-President Hendricks came along, the President received some advice that was directly contrary to that of McDonald. The amount of ignorance about Indiana which the administration acquires in listening to both sides of McDonald's and Hendricks' stories is something phenomenal.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Is St. Louis as bad as London? It is said it is an unsafe place for a young girl to be left alone, as was proved in the case of Zoe Watkins and of Miss Garrison. And now they have at the morgue the body of a young woman which over fifty mothers, it is said, have viewed in the hopes of identifying, each, as the daughter who has mysteriously disappeared from home. Young girls not wishing to be recorded forever among the misses should keep away from St. Louis.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The Kansas City Journal has got up an enterprising scheme to report the soldiers reunion at Topeka. It has chartered of the A. T. & S. F. a special train, which lives Kansas City at 5 o'clock every morning, arriving at Topeka at 7:10, remaining at the camp grounds during the day as the Journal headquarters, and leaves Topeka at 8 o'clock every evening, arriving at Kansas City at 10 o'clock with its reporters and all the news of the day. Score one for the Kansas City Journal. It seems to have an abundance of new life and hot surging blood of late.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

A worse than buzz saw accident happened on Thursday at Sankey's brick yard in Pittsburg. One of the machines is a powerful rock crusher, and a boy, fourteen years old, named John Ostermier, who was feeding the machine, somehow fell into it and was immediately torn to pieces by the iron wheels of the circular revolving pan. A few bones crushed into pieces an inch long and a torn mass of flesh mingled with the dust on the bottom of the pan were all that remained of the boy who a minute before was feeding the merciless machine. Emporia Republican.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The new board of examiners appointed by Secretary Whitney to overhaul the Dolphin and report what changes and improvements are necessary to bring her up to the standard required by the contract and the act of Congress providing for her building have completed their labors. They report that the sum of $325 will be all that will have to be expended for the purpose. Now let the heathens rage and the inhabitants of Kentucky imagine a vain thing. Whitney has a black eye and his war on old John Roach appears in the most contemptible light. $325 is a vast sum to make all this expense and row about.

W. C. T. U.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

At the annual meeting of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union of the State of Kansas, a resolution was adopted declaring that the hope of the temperance cause is with the Republican party, and to that party the people must look for the success of prohibition. Another resolution urges that the sale of liquor in this State under the excepted purposes provided for in the prohibitory law ought to be vested in or controlled by an officer appointed by the State authorities in order to prevent the abuse of the privilege of selling now accorded to druggists.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

A gentleman of this city who recently had occasion to look over some old papers at Remsen, Oneida County, found among others a lawyer's bill. It is dated "March the 1, 1815," and is a curious comment on the customs and expenses of the courts of those days. It reads:

Archibald Blue to Alexander Allen, Dr. to covering one suit against Even Luis to my cash expense for liquor to treat the court........ $1.00.

To my trouble and Travelers fees............. $2.00.

To cash paid the jury................................. .75

To my fees for subpoenaing witnesses...... .37½

Total: $4.12½

--Syracuse Standard.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The following charter was filed Friday, with the secretary of state.

"Kansas & Colorado Midland railway," capital stock $16,000,000, estimated length of road 800 miles; line of road from Kansas City, Mo., to Denver, Col.; course of road, through the State of Kansas to the western boundry line of said State; thence through the state of Colorado to the city of Denver, with a branch diverging from the most favorable point in Butler or Greenwood County, and running in a southwesterly direction to the city of Winfield, Kansas; thence to the south line of said State; thence, southwesterly across the Indian Territory and the Panhandle of Texas to the Rio Grande river. Directors for the first year: J. L. Horning, J. C. Long, and M. L. Robinson, of Winfield, Kansas; H. W. Hall, of New York City; L. S. Olmstead and B. F. Beesley, of Jacksonville, Illinois.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

A Journal correspondent got an interview with J. C. Pusey, who has got a sentence of eight years in the penitentiary for defrauding the state by false claims paid to him while a clerk in the penitentiary. Pusey informed the correspondent that Geo. W. Glick, while governor, with the aid of C. W. Jones, warden, stole from the state penitentiary four carloads of coal, one at a time, and that Jones commanded Pusey to cover it up, which he did by making no note of the four carloads on the books of the institution. The correspondent went to the penitentiary and examined the books, found the entry of the first car on the waste book, and scratched out again, as Pusey had told him. He then examined a lot of old shipping bills of the Union Pacific R. R. and found bills of lading for the four carloads shipped by Jones to J. M. Covert, Atchison; but found no account of them on the books and no show of them ever having been paid for. He then went to the Union Pacific freight office and found the records of the four carloads as having been delivered for Gov. Glick, and delivered the coal on Gov. Glick's orders.

The exposure of these steals has opened the eyes of the present prison officials and they have instituted a search for more rascalities. It seems that the Democratic State officers worked on the principal of "making hay while the sun shines" and worked the state finances for all they were worth during the two years' term of Democratic rule. The Normal school land steal and other frauds were but small samples of what seems to be coming. "The rascals" are now turned out of our state government, but are being provided with good berths by the Cleveland administration, where they can continue to practice their crooked ways.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The second monthly meeting of the Cowley County Teachers' Association will be held at Arkansas City on October 17, 1885, the program to be as follows.

1st. What are the secrets of success in school government?

Paper: Prof. Gridley. Discussion: J. W. Warren and Miss Cora B. Beach.

2nd. In what respect should recitations in primary classes differ from those in advanced classes?

Paper: Prof. Weir. Discussion: Miss Jessie Stretch and F. E. Haughey.

3rd. Importance of essay writing--the means to secure it.

Paper: Miss Flo Campbell. Discussion: Florence Patterson and Laura Barnes.

4th. Should a knowledge of vocal music be a qualification of the common school teacher?

Paper: Miss C. Bliss. Discussion: E. Collins and Chas. Wing.

5th. The teachers preparation for assigning and conducting a recitation.

Paper: Miss Sadie Pickering. Discussion: Amy Chapin and L. B. Hart.

6th. The feasibility of dropping technical grammar from the course of study of the

common school.

Paper: Miss Ella L. Kelly. Discussion: Misses Lida Strong and Maud Pierson.


Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

School begins Monday.

Lou and Matt are happy.

Johnnie Carson has gone back to the nation.

Lou Wilson was in Winfield Thursday and Friday.

Link and Laura attended the Fair at Winfield Friday.

Mr. Jones, of Cambridge, made his regular trip Sunday.

The Mite met at Capital Hall Saturday night and had a jolly time.

Mr. Jones and Miss Lolly Haygood attended the Fair at Winfield Thursday.

Colonel Reynolds left Monday for Ford County, to be gone several weeks.

Mr. W. S. Rigden came down from Winfield last Thursday with a new buggy.

Mr. Al. Chambers, of Arkansas City, spent several days at Capital Hill last week. Come again, Mr. Chambers, we are always glad to see you.

Mr. Gardenhire and Jackson brought two men in from Cedarvale Sunday. They were arrested for stealing cattle from a man over by Grenola, and selling them to Gardenhire and Jackson.

Willie Reynolds died at his home in Torrance after four weeks of untold suffering. Willie was a bright boy; just entering into manhood, and his death is a sad blow to his many friends as well as to his parents, brothers, and sisters.

Asleep in Jesus; blessed sleep.

From which none ever wake to weep,

A calm and undisturbed repose,

Unbroken by the last of foes.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Beautiful weather for the fair last week.

W. E. Rowe spent Monday in Grenola.

Jas. McClellan has moved to Cambridge.

Mrs. Lucy Crooper's baby died last Thursday.

The recent rains have made fine range for the stock.

Lou Wilkins will teach in the O'Connor district this winter.

D. T. Rowe and lady have gone to Wichita to visit friends.

Mrs. Lee, of Howard, is visiting her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Farris.

Miss Ida Stranghan has gone to Oxford to have her eyes doctored.

Mr. Gardener, of Kansas City, is visiting his sister, Mrs. D. Ramage.

We hear that Dr. O'Connor is going to move to Grenola in the near future.

Miss Alice Ashford, of Marysville, Missouri, was the guest of Miss Hattie Utley last week.

Miss Susan Welborn, of Manchester, Ohio, is visiting at her niece's, Mrs. J. C. Hendrickson.

Mr. and Mrs. Foster, who have been visiting their son the past two weeks have returned to their home at Olathe, their son accompanying them.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Mr. Hutchinson is building Mr. Provine's house.

Mr. Werden Roberts has gone back to Ohio on business.

The McHenry brothers are putting up a nice new house.

Mr. Thomas Perry is putting up a nice addition to his house.

Mr. Calvert's house and shop is going to add to the looks of Salem.

Items of interest fail to put in an appearance, so by by, for this time.

Miss Jay Jackson was the guest of Miss Belle Cayton two days last week.

Mr. Lou Dorfman, accompanied by his cousin, Irvin, have gone to Labette.

Mrs. Earnest Johnson and her mother spent several days in Winfield last week.

Tirzah Hoyland spent several days pleasantly with relatives near Burden recently.

Mr. Causey and Mr. Nelson have lost most of their hogs with the cholera, or whatever it is.

The cottage of Mr. Ave's is looming up nicely on the hill, or rather pretty raise of ground.

Mrs. J. J. Johnson and daughter, Mrs. L. S. Downs, were guests of Mrs. Platter last Friday.

Mr. F. S. Pixley has sold his farm to a stranger: don't know his name. Do not know where Mr. Pixley intends going.

Mr. W. P. Hoyland has sold his farm to a young man from Ohio. Mr. Hoyland is acting as land agent while his family remains in the old home.

Mrs. Bicknell has gone on a visit to relatives in Tennessee, and the Rev. Bicknell is left to the gentle care of his good sister. May Mrs. Bicknell have an excellent time is the wish of her many friends.

The Ladies Aid Society met with Mrs. W. H. Lucas on Thursday and had a good time. The next meeting will be in the home of Col. Jackson and a good time is anticipated as the members are requested to ge there at 10 a.m. and devote their time to quilting until dinner time--and the same work on program for afternoon.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The Santa Fe railroad, the only corporation interested in defeating the D., M. & A., are now heralding through press dispatches that the bonds voted to the D., M. & A. are worthless. The bonds are voted for a standard gauged road and the company's charter incorporates a narrow gauge road. It will be readily proven that the Santa Fe is again off its nest.


Awarded at the Cowley County Fair,

September 21st to 25th, 1885.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The list given below shows money premiums only. Checks for same will be ready after October 1st, and must be claimed by November 1st, 1885, or forfeit to the association. (See rule 12.) Diplomas for exhibits having no competition may be had by calling at the Secretary's office.

Class A.--HORSES.

Lot 1. Thoroughbreds.

Stallion, any age. M. Y. Hudspeth, 1st; J. M. Buffington, 2nd.

Lot 2. Percheron Norman.

Stallion, any age. J. M. Buffington 1st, S. Allison 2nd.

Lot 3. Clydesdales.

Stallion, any age. J. S. Williams 1st, J. C. McMullen 2nd.

Lot 4. Native Draught.

Stallion, 4 years old and over. L. Stout 1st, J. M. Buffington 2nd.

Stallion, 2 years old and under 4. S. Allison 1st, F. H. Conkright 2nd.

Foal of 1885. J. C. McMullen 1st and 2nd.

Mare, 4 years old and over. F. P. Harriott 1st.

Mare 2 years old and under 4. F. P. Harriott 1st.

Foal of 1885. L. Stout 1st, J. C. McMullen 2nd.

Lot 5. Agricultural.

Stallion, 4 years old and over. A. J. Lynn 1st, H. C. Hawkins 2nd.

Stallion, 3 years old and under 4. S. Allison 1st.

Stallion, 2 years old and under 3. F. H. Conkright 1st, N. J. Thompson 2nd.

Stallion, 1 year old and under 2. John McMahan 1st, N. S. Yarbrough 2nd.

Foal of 1885. F. B. Evans 1st and 2nd.

Gelding, 4 years old and over. F. W. Schwantes 1st.

Gelding, 2 years old and under 3. M. L. Read 1st, E. J. Wilbur 2nd.

Mare, 4 years old and over. J. S. Baker 1st, E. I. Johnson 2nd.

Mare, 2 years old and under 3. N. J. Thompson 1st, J. R. Smith 2nd.

Mare, 1 year old and under 2. L. Stout 1st, J. Harter 2nd.

Foal of 1885. R. W. Stevens 1st, N. L. Yarbrough 2nd.

Lot 6. Roadsters.

Stallion over 1 year. A. J. Lyon 1st, S. Allison 2nd.

Stallion under 4 years. J. W. McDonald 1st.

Mare or gelding over 4 years. J. N. Harter 1st, E. J. Wilbur 2nd.

Mare or gelding under 4 years. A. J. Lyon 1st.

Span mares or geldings over four years. Hand and Gary 1st, E. J. Wilbur 2nd.

Span mares or geldings, any age. F. Schwantes 1st.

Family carriage, mare or gelding, any age. F. P. Harriott 1st, J. W. McDonald 2nd.

Lot 7. Sweepstakes.

Stallion any age or blood. A. J. Lyon 1st.

Mare any age or blood. F. P. Harriott 1st.

Brood mare, any age or blood, with two or more of her offspring. L. Stout 1st.

Stallion, any age or blood, showing the best 5 colts under 2 years old. N. L. Yarbrough 1st.

Lot 8. Jacks and Mules.

Foal of 1885. Henry Hahn 1st and 2nd.

Class B.--CATTLE.

Lot 1. Shorthorns.

Bull 3 years old and over. N. J. Thompson 1st, Bahntge & Co., 2nd.

Bull, 2 years old and under 3. J. R. Smith 1st, J. Johnson 2nd.

Bull, 1 year old and under 2. J. Johnson 1st, J. R. Smith 2nd.

Heifer, under 1 year. I. W. McClelland 1st and 2nd.

Lot 2. Herefords.

Bull, 3 years old and over. J. P. Cogswell 1st, L. F. Johnson 2nd.

Cow, 2 years old and under 3. L. F. Johnson, 1st and 2nd.

Lot 3. Polled Angus and Galloways.

Bull, 2 years old and over. A. T. Holmes 1st.

Bull, 1 year old and under 2. Bahntge & Co., 1st.

Lot 4. Holsteins.

Bull, 3 years old and over. C. F. Stone 1st and 2nd.

Bull, 1 year old and under 2. Bahntge & Co., 1st.

Bull calf, under 1 year. C. F. Stone 1st.

Cow, 3 years old and over. C. F. Stone 1st and 2nd.

Cow, 2 years old and under 3. C. F. Stone 1st and 2nd.

Cow, 1 year old and under 2. C. F. Stone 1st and 2nd.

[Note: There was no Lot 5 listed.]

Lot 6. Jerseys and Alderneys.

Bull, 3 years old and over. Norton & Snyder 1st.

Bull calf under 1 year. F. A. A. Williams 1st.

Cow 3 years old and under 2. N. T. Snyder 1st.

Heifer, under 1 year. F. A. A. Williams 1st.

Lot 7. Grades and Crosses.

Cow, 3 years and over. J. R. Smith 1st and 2nd.

Cow, 2 years old and under 3. N. J. Thompson, 1st and 2nd.

Heifer, 1 year and under 2. J. R. Smith 1st, N. J. Thompson 2nd.

Heifer 6 months and under 1 year. N. J. Thompson 1st.

Heifer calf, under 6 months. J. R. Smith 1st, N. J. Thompson 2nd.

Lot 8. Sweepstakes.

Bull, thoroughbred, any age. J. R. Smith 1st.

Cow, thoroughbred, any age. H. Bahntge & Co., 1st.

Cow, cross, any age. J. R. Smith 1st.

Cow, any age or blood, with 3 of her off-spring. J. Johnson 1st.

Thoroughbred herd, owned by exhibitor, consisting of not less than 1 bull and 5 cows or heifers. J. R. Smith 1st.

Class C.--SHEEP.

Lot 1. Long Wools.

Ram. 1 year old and over. M. R. Lowe 1st.

Three ewes 1 year old and over. M. R. Lowe 1st.

Three ewe lambs under 1 year. M. R. Lowe 1st.

Lot 2. Fine Wools.

Ram, 1 year and over. C. F. Stone 1st, Neer Bros., 2nd.

Ram lamb, under 1 year. C. F. Stone 1st and 2nd.

Three ewes, 1 year old and over. D. F. Stone 1st and 2nd.

Three ewe lambs under 1 year. C. F. Stone 1st, Neer Bros., 2nd.

Lot of sheep, not less than 5, shown with sire. C. F. Stone 1st, Neer Bros., 2nd.

Lot 3. Sweepstakes.

Ram, any age or breed. C. F. Stone 1st.

Ewe, any age or breed. C. F. Stone 1st.

Class D.--HOGS.

Lot 1. Poland China.

Boar, 1 year old and over. J. Wood 1st, T. A. Hubbard 2nd.

Boar, 6 months and under 1 year. T. A. Hubbard 1st.

Boar, under 6 months. T. A. Hubbard 1st, F. W. McClelland 2nd.

Sow, 1 year old and over. T. A. Hubbard 1st and 2nd.

Sow, 6 months and under 1 year. T. A. Hubbard 1st, I. Wood 2nd.

Sow, under 6 months. T. A. Hubbard 1st, F. W. McClelland 2nd.

Pen of 5 pigs, farrowed since March 1, 1885. T. A. Hubbard 1st, I. Wood 2nd.

Sow and litter of pigs, not less than 5, under 2 months old. I. Wood 1st.

Pen of breeding hogs, to consist of 1 board and 5 sows, over one year old, to be owned by exhibitor, and the sows to have farrowed and raised a litter of pigs within the past 12 months. T. A. Hubbard 1st.

Lot 2. Berkshire.

Boar, 1 year old and over. M. B. Keagy 1st, T. A. Hubbard 2nd.

Boar, 6 months and under 1 year. M. B. Keagy 1st, E. R. Morse 2nd.

Boar, under 6 months. M. B. Keagy 1st, E. R. Morse 2nd.

Sow, 1 year old and under. T. A. Hubbard 1st, M. B. Keagy 2nd.

Sow, 6 months and under 1 year. M. B. Keagy 1st, E. R. Morse 2nd.

Sow, under 6 months. M. B. Keagy 1st, E. R. Morse 2nd.

Pen of 6 pigs, farrowed since March 1, 1885. T. A. Hubbard 1st, E. R. Morse 2nd.

Sow and litter of pigs, not less than 5, under 2 months old. M. B. Keagy 1st, E. R. Morse 2nd.

Pen of breeding hogs, to consist of 1 boar and 5 sows, over 1 year old, to be owned by exhibitor, and the sows to have farrowed and raised a litter of pigs within the past 12 months. M. B. Keagy 1st, T. A. Hubbard 2nd.

[Note: There were no Lots 3, 4, and 6.]

Lot 5. Chester Whites.

Boar, under 6 months. W. H. Roach 1st.

Sow, under 6 months. W. H. Roach 1st.

Lot 7. Grades and Crosses.

Sow 1 year old and over. I. R. Smith 1st.

Sows 6 months and under 1 year. I. R. Smith 1st.

Lot 8. Sweepstakes.

Boar, any age or blood. T. A. Hubbard 1st.

Sow, any age or blood. T. A. Hubbard 1st.

Class E.--POULTRY.

Trio white partridge Cochin fowls. Mrs. W. Gilbert 1st, E. R. Morse 2nd.

Trio buff Cochin fowls. L. E. Pixley 1st.

Trio light Brahma fowls. J. D. Pryor 1st, A. Knox 2nd.

Trio black-breasted game fowls. A. Pickard 1st, L. E. Pixley 2nd.

Trio Plymouth Rock. L. E. Pixley 1st, A. R. Lord 2nd.

Trio White Leghorns. L. E. Pixley 1st.

Trio Brown Leghorns. L. E. Pixley 1st, J. R. Smith 2nd.

Trio Houdans. D. Taylor 1st and 2nd.

Best and largest display by one exhibitor. L. E. Pixley 1st, J. D. Pryor 2nd.


Half bushel red fall wheat. I. Wood 1st, J. R. Sumpter 2nd.

Half bushel white oats. H. Harbaugh 1st, J. H. Curfman 2nd.

Half bushel red oats. W. A. Murry 1st. S. S. Linn 2nd.

Half bushel orchard grass. I. Wood 1st, J. H. Curfman 2nd.

Peck early Irish potatoes. S. S. Linn 1st, W. C. Hayden 2nd.

Peck late Irish potatoes. J. H. Curfman 1st and 2nd.

Peck sweet potatoes (Nansemond). N. S. Perry 1st, W. C. Hayden 2nd.

Peck sweet potatoes white or red. Geo. Van Way 1st, W. C. Hayden 2nd.

Half bushel white corn. I. Wood 1st, A. W. Beswick 2nd.

Half bushel sweet corn. W. C. Hayden 1st, J. H. Curfman 2nd.

Half bushel pop corn. J. H. Curfman 1st, J. A. Huff 2nd.

Peck beets, red. Geo. Van Way 1st, W. C. Hayden 2nd.

Peck beans. I. Wood 1st, W. C. Hayden 2nd.

Peck carrots. Geo. Van Way 1st, W. C. Hayden 2nd.

Pumpkins, five. J. Eddy 1st, M. S. Rowe 2nd.

Muskmelons, four. W. C. Hayden 1st, N. S. Perry 2nd.

Cucumbers, six. W. C. Hayden 1st, N. S. Perry 2nd.

Pie plant. W. C. Hayden 1st, J. F. Martin 2nd.

Best display of products from a single farm in Cowley County. Test to be, 1st, quantity of exhibit; 2nd, quality of exhibit; 3rd, taste in arrangement of same. J. F. Martin 1st, N. S. Perry 2nd, W. C. Hayden 3rd.

Best display of garden vegetables from a single garden in Cowley County. W. C. Hayden 1st, Geo. Van Way 2nd.


Best two pounds butter. Carrie Chase 1st, Mrs. Gilbert 2nd.

Best five pounds butter, June made. Mrs. J. H. Mounts 1st, Mrs. Trezise 2nd.

Two loaves of wheat bread, made with hop yeast. Mrs. D. H. Dix 1st, Miss M. Fahey 2nd.

Two loaves brown bread. Mrs. J. H. Curfman 1st and 2nd.

Sponge cake. Mrs. G. W. Robinson 1st and 2nd.

White cake. Miss F. Bullen 1st, Mrs. W. McEwin 2nd.

Jelly cake. Mrs. N. R. Lowe 1st, Mrs. J. H. Curfman 2nd.

Marble cake. Miss M. Fahey 1st, Mrs. McEwin 2nd.

Ginger cake. Mrs. Geo. Van Way 1st, Mrs. McEwin 2nd.

Custard pie. Miss H. Trezise 1st, Mrs. J. H. Curfman 2nd.

Lot 2. Jellies.

Apple. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. R. F. Sparrow 2nd.

Cherry. Mrs. W. H. Serrott 1st, Mrs. M. E. Brane 2nd.

Plum. Mrs. R. F. Sparrow 1st, Mrs. McEwin 2nd.

Rhubarb. Mrs. M. E. Brane 1st, Mrs. Trezise 2nd.

Siberian crab. Mrs. W. H. Serrott 1st, Mrs. M. E. Brane 2nd.

Grape jelly, green. Mrs. M. E. Brane 1st, Mrs. W. H. Serrott 2nd.

Grape jelly, white. Mrs. M. E. Brane 1st, Mrs. R. F. Sparrow 2nd.

Grape jelly, red. Mrs. J. F. Balliett 1st, Mrs. W. McEwin 2nd.

Best display in this lot: Mrs. M. E. Brane.

Lot 3. Canned Fruits.

Canned apples. Mrs. M. E. Brane 1st, Mrs. Van Way 2nd.

Canned blackberries. Mrs. N. R. Lowe 1st, Mrs. W. McEwin 2nd

Canned cherries. Mrs. W. H. Serrott 1st, Mrs. W. H. McEwin 2nd.

Canned gooseberries. Mrs. W. H. Serrott 1st, Mrs. G. W. Robinson 2nd.

Canned grapes. Mrs. K. J. Wright 1st, Mrs. W. McEwin 2nd.

Canned peaches. Mrs. N. S. Perry 1st. Mrs. W. McEwin 2nd.

Canned pears. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. W. McEwin 2nd.

Canned plums. Mrs. G. W. Robinson 1st, Mrs. W. H. Serrott 2nd.

Canned quinces. Mrs. G. W. Robinson 1st, Mrs. W. H. Serrott 2nd.

Canned raspberries. Mrs. N. R. Lowe 1st, Mrs. W. McEwin 2nd.

Canned strawberries. Mrs. J. D. Pryor 1st, Mrs. McEwin 2nd.

Canned Siberian crab apples. Mrs. G. W. Robinson 1st, Mrs. W. McEwin 2nd.

Canned tomatoes. Mrs. McEwin 1st, Mrs. N. R. Lowe 2nd.

Best display in this lot: Mrs. N. R. Lowe.

Lot 4. Preserves.

Preserved apples. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. W. McEwin 2nd.

Preserved blackberries. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. G. W. Robinson 2nd.

Preserved cherries. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. G. W. Robinson 2nd.

Preserved currants. Mrs. G. Emerson 1st, Mrs. G. W. Robinson 2nd.

Preserved pears. Mrs. G. W. Robinson 1st, Mrs. S. S. Linn 2nd.

Preserved peaches. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. G. W. Robinson 2nd.

Preserved plums. Mrs. W. H. Serrott 1st, Mrs. S. S. Linn 2nd.

Preserved Siberian crab apples. Mrs. G. W. Robinson 1st, Mrs. W. McEwin 2nd.

Preserved tomatoes. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. G. W. Robinson 2nd.

Best display in this lot: Mr. G. W. Robinson.

Lot 6. Butter or Jams.

Apple butter. M. E. Brane 1st, Mrs. S. S. Linn 2nd.

Peach butter. Mrs. W. McEwin 1st, Mrs. S. S. Linn 2nd.

Plum butter. Mrs. G. W. Robinson 1st, Mrs. S. S. Linn 2nd.

Grape butter. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. G. W. Robinson 2nd.

Blackberry butter. Mrs. W. McEwin 1st, Mrs. S. S. Linn 2nd.

Raspberry butter. Mrs. G. W. Robinson 1st, Mrs. W. McEwin 2nd.

Best display in this lot: Mrs. G. W. Robinson.

Lot 7. Pickles, etc.

Sweet pickled grapes. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. W. McEwin 2nd.

Sweet pickled cucumbers. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. W. McEwin 2nd.

Sweet pickled pears. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. G. H. Allen 2nd.

Sour pickled peaches. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. McEwin 2nd.

Sour pickled cucumbers. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. W. McEwin 2nd.

Sour pickled tomatoes. Mrs. W. McEwin 1st, Mrs. S. S. Linn 2nd.

Sour pickled piccalilli. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. G. Van Way 2nd.

Pickled stuffed pepper. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. G. Van Way 2nd.

Pickled cabbage. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. W. McEwin 2nd.

Catsup, tomato. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. G. Van Way 2nd.

Catsup, gooseberry. Mrs. S. S. Linn 1st, Mrs. G. Robinson 2nd.

Best display in this lot: Mrs. S. S. Linn.

Class H.--FRUIT.

Lot 1. Apples.

Plate Maiden's blush. H. Hawkins 1st, J. Nixon 2nd.

Plate Rambo. J. D. Guthrie 1st, H. Hawkins 2nd.

Plate Wine Pa Rs. J. W. Browning 1st, J. W. Chambers 2nd.

Plate Ortley, R. Wellman 1st, S. C. Sumpter 2nd.

Plate Jonathan. H. Hawkins 1st, J. B. Callison 2nd.

Plate McAfee's Nonesuch. F. Williams 1st, J. Nixon 2nd.

Plate Hubbardstone. M. L. Martin 1st, S. Kennedy 2nd.

Plate white winter Pearmain. S. C. Sumpter 1st, J. Nixon 2nd.

Plate Rome Beauty. F. Williams 1st, G. Robertson 2nd.

Plate Dominie. S. C. Cunningham 1st, S. C. Sumpter 2nd.

Plate Smith's Cider. J. W. Browning 1st, H. Hawkins 2nd.

Plate Yellow Bellflower. S. C. Sumpter 1st, M. L. Martin 2nd.

Plate Missouri Pippin. J. D. Guthrie 1st, M. L. Martin 2nd.

Plate Willow Twig. S. C. Sumpter 1st, J. B. Callison 2nd.

Plate Rawles' Janet. H. Hawkins 1st, S. C. Sumpter 2nd.

Plate wine-sap. J. D. Guthrie 1st, R. Wellman, 2nd.

Plate Ben Davis. Mentch & Son 1st, J. Nixon 2nd.

Plage Wagener. H. Hawkins 1st, J. Nixon 2nd.

Plate Northern Spy. R. Wellman 1st, Mrs. Prather 2nd.

Crab apples. L. E. Pixley 1st, S. C. Sumpter 2nd.

Other varieties. F. Williams 1st, H. C. Hawkins 2nd.

Lot 2. Pears.

Late Bartlett [? Next to impossible to read and interpret this one.] H. Hawkins 1st, J. B. Callison 2nd.

Plate Duchess. J. D. Guthrie 1st, S. C. Sumpter 2nd.

Plate, any other variety. H. Hawkins 1st, J. B. Callison 2nd.

Lot 3, Peaches.

Plate Heath's Cling. J. A. Denning 1st, G. S. Manser 2nd.

Plate Ward's Late. K. J. Wright 1st, J. H. Curfman 2nd.

Plate Steadley. F. Brown 1st, H. Harbaugh 2nd.

Plate any variety. J. B. Callison 1st, H. Harbaugh 2nd.

Plate seedlings, any variety. S. Kennedy 1st, J. C. Brand 2nd.

Lot 4. Grapes.

Plate Concord. J. F. Martin 1st, C. J. Brand 2nd.

Plate Dracut Amber. C. J. Brand 1st, J. D. Guthrie 2nd.

Plate any other variety. C. J. Brand 1st and 2nd.

Plate quinces. S. B. Fleming 1st, D. U. Wolf 2nd.

Lot 8. Orchard Display.

Best display of fruit from any one orchard in Cowley County, not entered in any other class. C. J. Brand 1st, H. C. Hawkins 2nd.

Lot 9. Fruit Collection.

Best collection of fruits grown during this season. Open to all. H. C. Hawkins 1st, W. C. Hayden 2nd.

Class I.--FLORAL.

Largest and most tasteful display of cut flower work. Rose & Mueller, 1st and 2nd.

Best and most tasteful funeral design. Rose & Mueller 1st and 2nd.

Best and most tasteful basket of flowers. Rose & Mueller 1st and 2nd.

Best pair hand-bouquets. Hope Manser 1st, Rose & Mueller 2nd.

Best one-half dozen button-hole bouquets. Rose & Mueller 1st, Mrs. W. Trezise 2nd.

Best pair bouquets of everlastings or immortelles. Mrs. W. Trezise 1st, Rose & Mueller 2nd.

Best design in flowers, grasses, straws, etc. Rose & Mueller 1st, Mrs. W. Trezise 2nd.

Class J.--FINE ARTS.

Landscape from copy, in oil, done by exhibitor. Miss M. Taylor 1st, Annie Doane 2nd.

Animal painting from copy, in oil, done by exhibitor. Mrs. F. R. Raymond 1st, Mrs. C. H. Taylor 2nd.

Flower piece in oil, done by exhibitor. Mrs. F. R. Raymond 1st, Minnie Fahey 2nd.

Fancy painting in oil, done by exhibitor. Mrs. J. F. Balliett 1st, Mrs. F. R. Raymond 2nd.

Fancy painting in water colors, done by exhibitor. Mrs. J. F. Balliett 1st, Minnie Fahey 2nd.

Animal or bird piece, done in crayon, by exhibitor. Mrs. F. R. Raymond 1st, Carrie Dickey 2nd.

Specimen of plaque painting, done by exhibitor. Minnie Fahey 1st, Mrs. W. J. Wilson 2nd.

Specimens of pencil drawing, by exhibitor. H. L. Snyder 1st, Mrs. J. F. Balliett 2nd.

Best display of hair-work. Mary Anderson 1st, C. Whitaker 2nd.

Best display of scroll sawing. Willie Brown 1st, A. H. Doane 2nd.

Best painting on satin. Mrs. F. R. Raymond 1st, M. Taylor 2nd.

Geographical drawing, by any pupil in Cowley County. H. L. Snyder 1st, J. Wallis 2nd.


Embroidery, transferred. Mrs. J. R. Cottingham 1st.

Display of crochet work. Mrs. M. Brown 1st, Mrs. S. Watt 2nd.

Crochet tidy. Mrs. J. R. Cottingham 1st, M. Schemerhorn 2nd.

Crochet Afghan. Mrs. W. J. Wilson 1st, Mrs. M. Brown 2nd.

Display of applique work. Sue Fitzgibbon 1st, Mrs. M. Brown 2nd.

Bracket lambrequin. Mrs. S. D. Pryor 1st, Carrie Dickey 2nd.

Best outline embroidery, cotton. Mrs. G. W. Robinson 1st, Minnie Taylor 2nd.

Best hand-made point lace. Mrs. G. W. Robinson 1st, Sue Fitzgibbon 2nd.

Kensington embroidery, silk. Miss March, 1st and 2nd.

Chair scarf, any design or make. Mrs. S. Watt 1st, Carrie Dickey 2nd.

Table scarf, any design or make. Pearl Van Doren 1st, Miss March 2nd.

Lamp-mat, any design or make. Sue Fitzgibbon 1st, Mrs. Howard 2nd.

Afghan, any design or make. Lib Whiting 1st, Mrs. F. W. Doane 2nd.

Bible cover, any design or make. Mrs. G. W. Robinson 1st, Sue Fitzgibbon 2nd.

Dresser cover, any design or make. Mrs. S. Watt 1st, Miss March 2nd.


Pair woolen stockings. Mrs. F. Williams 2st, Mrs. Holland 2nd.

Pair woolen socks. Mrs. Holland 1st, Mrs. Phoenix 2nd.

Cotton socks. Mrs. J. R. Smith 1st, Mrs. Holland 2nd.

Specimen of plain sewing, by lady over 60 years of age. Mrs. Holland 1st, Mrs. H. C. Lee 2nd.

Calico quilt. Mrs. M. C. Gibson 1st, Mrs. W. Gilbert 2nd.

Fancy quilt. Mrs. J. H. Fazel 1st, Mrs. H. D. Gans 2nd.

Cotton spread. Carrie Dickey 1st, Mrs. Holland 2nd.

Woolen coverlet. Mrs. Holland, 1st and 2nd.

Hearth-rug. Mrs. A. Hammond 1st, Mrs. E. Beeny 2nd.

K. C. & S. W. DAMAGES.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The Board of County Commissioners have made their returns on damages allowed through Winfield on the K. C. & S. W. right of way, as follows.

R. B. Waite, $426.

Al. B. Sykes, $350.

A. B. French, $55.

M. L. Reed, $250.

S. H. Myton, $250.

Helen L. Chase, $340.

Winfield Water Company, $400.

L. W. Kimball, $900.

Margaret J. Manning, $1,500.

J. C. McMullen, $1,000.

John Lowry, $1,268.

Cowley County Fair and Driving Park Association, $830.

Riverside Park Association, $350.

M. L. Robinson, $35.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Agent Kennedy of the A., T. & S. F. depot will sell excursion round trip tickets to St. Louis for single fare, commencing Saturday.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

A fine stock farm consisting of 1,000 acres, for rent. J. C. McMullen.


Twenty Thousand Canadians Opposed to Vaccination, Inaugurate a Riot.

In Montreal by Wrecking Public Buildings. The Military at Last Called Out.

A War of Races Feared.

The Small-Pox Epidemic at Its Height, Intensified by Fanaticism.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

MONTREAL, September 29. In consequence of the inauguration of compulsory vaccination, at about seven o'clock last evening a howling mob surrounded the East End Branch Health Office and completely wrecked the building. The police on duty were powerless and the mob, gathering strength from this, marched upon the Central Office in the City Hall. By this time, however, a riot alarm had been sounded, and a strong force of Constables were gathered together inside; but having no one to command them, the mob drove them out of their way like sheep. After the mob had smashed the Central Office, they turned their attention to the Central Police Station and soon had all the windows in that building broken. Revolver shots were freely fired at the police. To scare them the police fired over their heads, only to be received with jeers and laughter. Things now looked so bad that the police were armed with rifles with fixed bayonets, but happily it was not deemed necessary to use them. The Constables now charged the mob, clubbing them right and left, and succeeded in dispersing them, but not before they had succeeded in wrecking the greater portion of the courthouse windows which are opposite the city hall. The mob broke up in different bodies and proceeded to wreck the windows of the Herald office and the windows of the offices of the Medical Health officer, Chairman of the Finance Committee, and Public Vaccinators. A number of arrests were made and the city was in a state of great excitement. It is thought that the riots will be continued tonight. The police will patrol around the public buildings, while the military will be held in readiness to quickly put a stop to a repetition of such scenes. The placarder of the Eastern Health Bureau affixed a small-pox placard to a house on St. Catherine street; but it was no sooner up, than a woman of the house tore it down. A crowd assembled, and headed by the husband, proceeded to the Eastern Health Office and began to hoot and insult the officials. The crowd, strengthened by neighbors, soon assumed the dimensions of a mob, and commenced breaking windows of the office, and threatened the officers with bodily injury. Police protection was finally obtained, and the mob dispersed.

2 a.m.--The rioters have burned an Alderman's house in the East End. They are now marching on the Star newspaper office, crying "Vengeance on newspaper men," "the newspaper men, doctors, and Englishmen must go." The police have since made a number of arrests and great excitement prevails. Several of the police were badly beaten. The police have been ordered to patrol the public buildings all night. At a late hour the mob had dispersed for the night, and the city was quiet. The riot has caused a great sensation throughout the city, and deep indignation is expressed on all sides against the French Canadians. The English are determined that such actions must be put an end to, and nothing will be left undone to prevent a repetition of last night's riot. The military have been ordered under arms, and the several regiments are now parading. The Mayor expresses his intention of calling an emergency meeting of the city the first thing today and will proclaim martial law if necessary. A feeling was expressed that there must be no wavering now, and that the French must be made to obey the order of the health authorities.


MONTREAL, September 29.--The fact that compulsory vaccination began yesterday, added to the frenzy of French Canadians throughout the infected districts. Placards were torn down as fast as posted. It seemed as though the law could not be enforced without the aid of the military. Such a state of affairs exists, with 4,000 cases in the city and deaths occurring at the rate of 300 a week, but not a single doctor has been employed to give medical aid to the poor. After the riot in the afternoon the excitement was intensified. About six o'clock some 100 people gathered at St. Catherine street, where the East End branch of the health office is located. They broke in the windows, tore down the doors, smashed the counter, and generally wrecked the place. After completing the ruin of the building the mob, greatly augmented in numbers, proceeded to the Riden Bros.' drug store, at the corner of St. Denis and St. Catherine streets, which they mistook for the store of Medical Health Officer Gray. In twenty-two minutes the store was wrecked completely. The mob then marched to the city hall with shouts of "To h ll with the Council!" "Kill the vaccinators!" "Burn the town!" "Hang the English sons of b s." The mob at once began a furious onslaught upon the public buildings. The Central Police Station is located here. But four officers were present; most of the force being at the East End, where a riot was expected. The crowd began to throw stones, and soon every window in the spacious structure was smashed. The police were hurriedly summoned, and came on the run. Revolvers were drawn and some twenty shots were fired. Fortunately no one was injured. The crowd now numbered several thousand and it was not until the entire police force of the city had been summoned that the mob was driven away, and officers surrounded the building, prepared to defend it. The Mayor was busy detailing special police to protect the lives and property of citizens. The crowd now left the vicinity of the City Hall and proceeded to Victoria Square, where the Herald building is located. The windows of this building were smashed, but the pressmen and printers stuck to their post. A squad of fifty officers charged, and, after a hard fight, dispersed the mob, which moved off vowing vengeance on the d d English paper, which favors vaccination. The mob then proceeded to Alderman Greemer's house, and demolished everything about it that was breakable, thence to the house of Dr. L. Chappell, a member of the Provincial Board of Health; Dr. Laberg, Medical Health officer, and Dr. Laroche, Public Vaccinator, smashing the windows and gutting the premises of each. By this time Colonel Stevenson, Senior Commander in the Military District, had appeared on the scene accompanied by Major Beaugrand, who acknowledged his inability to control the mob. The engineers were at once put under arms and awaited orders to clear the streets. Colonel Stevenson's field battery was also ordered under arms and commanded to clear the streets without regard to cost or effect. It was now past midnight and the mob had retired to the east end of the city, which is composed exclusively of French, and the streets here were filled with a surging mass of 20,000 men in a perfect frenzy of excitement. They declare they will not submit to the English dogs. At 1:00 a.m. the streets were still packed and bloodshed is expected. The English people say this is but the beginning of a war of races which, while they deplore it, they will push. The mob is led by cracked-brained fanatics, some of whom are members of the City Council.

1:40 a.m.--The engineers have just marched toward the East End where the mob is rioting.


An Editor Shot by an Enterprising Candidate and Relatives.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

LYNCHBURG, VA., September 29. Judge G. W. Ward, editor of the Examiner, and Commonwealth Attorney for Washington City, while about to enter the Colonnade Hotel in Abingdon yesterday about four p.m., was fired upon by Dr. William White, independent candidate for State Senator, who had been concealed in a store room nearly opposite the hotel. White stepped out of the door and discharged one barrel of a shotgun loaded with buckshot at Ward, who fell face foremost, but recovering on his knees, drew his pistol and fired three shots at a young relative of White's, who was on the opposite side of the street behind a tree. White had stepped inside the door, but hearing the firing, came out again and fired a second barrel at Ward, who fell. While he was lying on the ground, two of White's relatives, one of whom Ward had already shot at and whom he though had shot at him, walked up and fired seven shots at him, all of which took effect. Ward is in a very critical condition and it is thought he cannot live. Dr. White and his two relatives have been arrested and were bailed in the sum of $7,000 each. Great excitement exists, but no fear of further violence is entertained.


A Mill Attacked by Strikers. The Assailants Driven Off.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

PITTSBURGH, PA., September 28. Saturday morning at 2:30 a serious riot occurred at Laughlin's mill, above Martin's Ferry, Ohio, in which at least two hundred shots were exchanged. The riot was precipitated by an attack upon the workmen in the mill by a number of armed men. The workmen had sentinels on guard or the result might have been more disastrous. From thirty to fifty men armed with shotguns and revolvers came up the railroad track from the direction of Martin's Ferry and approached to within thirty paces of the mill, when the guards called out "Halt." The men still advanced and in a second or two the command "Halt" was repeated, without effect. A third time the mill guards called out "Halt." The attacking party began firing, when the men in the mill at once returned the fire and brisk firing was kept up for twenty or thirty minutes. The attacking party then ceased firing and almost immediately retreated, going toward the river. An examination of the force in the mill showed that several had been shot. Only two, however, were seriously hurt. William Duff, a watchman, had sixty-two shots from a shotgun in his body and Millard Bailey was shot through the thigh with a rifle ball. As far as can be learned, four or five of the attacking party were hurt, one seriously. The force of armed men in the mill were eighteen or twenty. The attacking party, or the ringleaders at least, are known. The mill force after their assailants had retired rested on their arms, fearing another attack, but there are no further indications of trouble. The riot was occasioned by the introduction of non-union men in the Laughlin mill. The non-union men have been boarding and sleeping in the mill. The workmen at present employed at the Laughlin Nail Works, as rollers and heaters, are members of the Amalgamated Association, while the strikers are members of the United Nailers. The party which made the assault consisted of strikers from Wheeling, Bellaire, Brilliant, Mingo, and Martin's Ferry. Warrants were issued for those engaged in the riot and about fifteen of the ringleaders were arrested and placed under bond for their future appearance. The arrests were made without resistance. No further trouble is anticipated, but as a precaution the Laughlin Mill Company have bought a number of good breech-loading rifles and a large lot of ammunition, which were sent over to the mill for the defense of the workmen.


WHEELING, W. VA., September 28. Yesterday's investigation shows that James Stevens, reported killed on the assault on Laughlin's mill, is at his home in Mingo, badly wounded. In addition to the casualties reported Saturday, Clark Finn has a load of shot in his back. Henry Carter has a ball in his back and Jack Halpin one in his arm. A man named Wright, who came from Brilliant to take part in the assault, has a bullet hole through his body. Phil Rierling, who is shot in three places, and Thomas Dorsey, who was shot through the body, can hardly recover. The excitement is still running high.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

WASHINGTON, September 28. General Toombs is growing worse. He is really weaker mentally. He speaks of things happening years ago as if it were today.


Minister Bingham Tells How the European Powers Prevented the Proposed

Treaty with Japan.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

WASHINGTON, September 28. The Post prints an interview with the Hon. John A. Bingham, ex-United States Minister to Japan, in which Mr. Bingham is quoted as saying: "I tried to arrange a treaty of commerce between the United States and Japan seven years ago. The treaty was drawn up and it was the only decent commercial treaty that had ever been offered to Japan. But before it was signed, the European powers heard of it. Germany and England sent their agents and their gunboats to Japan. The agents called upon the Foreign Minister and, pointing down to the harbor, one of them remarked: "Do you see those gunboats lying there? Well, by all the powers those gunboats represent, we forbid you to conclude any treaty with the United States of America until treaties have first been arranged with our gunboats." Thereafter the Foreign Minister called upon me with the draft of the treaty I had proposed, but with another clause added: "Providing that this treaty shall not take effect until similar treaties have been entered into with the European powers." I asked what the meaning of that was, and the Minister, pointing to the ironclads in the harbor, said he was afraid to offend the European powers. Seven years have elapsed, and not one of the European powers who then interfered has proposed any such treaty as America and Japan were then asked to wait for. I steadfastly refused to join the European powers in their outrageous treatment of Japan. I believed it would not be in accord with the policy of Washington, 'Friendship with all nations, entangling alliances with none.' I told to the President the story I now tell you, only not so fully. He approved of my conduct all through, and is going to continue the policy of George Washington."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

PASO DEL NORTE, September 28. The Mexicans have begun a warfare against polygamy, and well grounded rumors are afloat here that a demand has been made of President Diaz that he rescind the grant of land in Northern Chihuahua to the Mormons. The Catholic Church is at the head of the movement, and demands that the laws against polygamy be enforced. The church is supported by a strong public sentiment, especially in the Northern States of the Republic.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

BOSTON, MASS., September 28. Shortly after her marriage to Frederick A. Gower, of Brooklyn, Miss Lillian Norton, the singer, applied for divorce on the ground of abuse. The case has come to a sudden and startling termination. While in Paris recently, he was tempted to make a voyage in a balloon. Neither the balloon nor Gower have been heard of since. Mrs. Gower has started for Paris to claim his estate, which is valued at $2,000,000.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

HARTFORD, CONN., September 28. An application has been made for the appointment of a receiver for the Charter Oak Life Insurance Company. The application is at the instance of the Insurance Commissioner. The company got into a bad condition financially about eight years ago soon after the erection of a building for its offices costing nearly $1,000,000.


FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The Woman's Suffrage Society held a meeting of unusual interest at the pleasant home of Mrs. C. Strong, 510 east 9th avenue, last evening. The exercises were most entertaining and instructive, nicely sandwiched by remarks from the gentlemen present. Mr. Gates spoke of woman's interest in the cause as the result and necessity of literature. "The Signs of the Times," a historical sketch by Mr. Samuel Dalton: As the ages advance even men demand that the old black laws be abolished, till later on women stand on the same plane and speak from the same rostrum.

He spoke of the Kansas laws, their liberality and injustice, the old homestead that husband and wife have toiled for side by side, may at her death be his to have and to hold, but should he die first, an administrator must be appointed and a consuming process of law be carried on till the toddling babe becomes of age.

"Intellectual capacity of the sexes," by Mr. P. H. Albright: There should be a knowledge of the laws and government in order to vote intellectually, and in the ratio of responsibility comes intelligence. When women have the responsibility of government, they will vote as intelligently, if not more os, than men.

A sketch from "How to Win," a series of articles by Francis Willard, was read by Mrs. E. D. Garlick.

Music and general sociability, with the exercises and discussions, made the evening pass with much pleasure and profit.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

There is nothing on earth (except our step-mother-in-law) that we would go farther to see than a nice dirty elephant, in all his sweet-scented useless grandeur, standing around chewing cheap hay in his bare feet. Sensational chills of horrible joy trot all over us every time we gaze at one. The elephant is like a dead-beat at a hotel: he eats on his trunk, but the former takes his with him all the time while the latter leaves his for the landlord to carry downstairs and empty the bricks out in the back yard. If an elephant foot was sticking through a knot hole in a high, tight board fence, no one could tell without seeing the animal, which foot it was, as the arch is cut bias on both the north and south side. However, the fault is with the architect, notwithstanding Tom Richardson's opinion that the original foot of the animal were cut off by Elijah, who made pickled pigs feet of them in the mountains, at the time the ravens were carrying him bad-smelling bread from Wichita, leaving the monster and his posterity to go around on those graceful looking stumps.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The new ten cent special delivery stamp will be placed on sale at the postoffice tomorrow morning. Upon the arrival of a letter at a special delivery office bearing one of these special ten cent stamps, in addition to regular postage, the letter will be placed in the hands of a special messenger, who will at once deliver it to the party addressed, provided the party does not live beyond a radius of one mile from the postoffice. While these stamps can be purchased at any postoffice, the delivery system is a population of 4,000 and over at the last federal census in 1880. The list of special delivery offices in Kansas are as follows: Atchison, Emporia, Ft. Scott, Lawrence, Leavenworth, Ottawa, Parsons, Topeka, Wichita, and Wyandotte. Any further information, with lists of special delivery offices throughout the union, will be cheerfully furnished at the postoffice. GEO. C. REMBAUGH, P. M.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The case of Uncle Sam against Ben Bartlow came up before U. S. Commissioner Webb Wednesday. Ben was charged with sending an obscene letter from Hazelton to Katie Hixon, a girl employed in the dining room at Axtel's restaurant. Hon. W. C. Perry, of Ft. Scott, U. S. District Attorney, conducted the prosecution and Will T. Madden the defense. Ben swore that he never wrote or caused to be written this letter and that he knew nothing whatever of the letter until his arrest. He had been corresponding with the girl and was aware that she had shown his letters to the boarders, but he never resented. No evidence could be deducted from the half dozen witnesses that showed probable cause for holding him over, and he was discharged.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The Fair has gone, the theater has gone, and the focus has gone, and we have all fallen from the second heaven of sweet expectancy, clear to the cellar, and we are all glad it is over. So much crowd and jam is a strain not easily borne, even by people of a town which knows nothing but constant activity. While the usual throng has subsided, our streets present a lively appearance and the music of the hammer, the saw, and the trowel resound all over the city. That we are on a regular consolidated, two-hundred-per-cent-on-the-$ Boom that is as solid as the rock of ages is apparent to every observer.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The bonds voted for the erection of our new central school building have been purchased by the State school board, at par, and the $14,000 is in the treasury of our school board. These bonds draw 6 percent and are payable any time after ten years. This mode of investing the State school fund is a good one. On state and national sureties, but four percent was realized. By investing in district school bonds, the State funds realize two percent more and the districts are enabled to get money four percent less.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

We hear complaints about our county fair that it robs its visitors by charging them twenty-five cents for admission, and then if they want to see the races from a seat in the amphitheater, twenty-five cents for a seat. These same persons, some of them at least, went to the Kansas City fair, paid fifty cents to get in, and fifty cents for a seat in the grand stand besides other charges, and did not complain a whimper, though the exposition was not near as good as that of the Cowley County Fair.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

A meeting was held at the Brettun house on Monday to contract for the erection of the new Walnut river bridge at Bliss & Wood's mill. A dozen or more of those most interested were present. A. McLoath represented the Leavenworth bridge company in the meeting, and contracted to erect a $5,000 bridge, as soon as the funds are guaranteed. The finance committee of this bridge association will proceed at once to raise the amount, most of which is subscribed, and the bridge will go in by January 1st.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

In order to facilitate the payment of postoffice box rents, which will be due and payable tomorrow, a special window will be opened for the sole purpose of receiving these rents. At the close of the tenth day from the first of the month, this window will be closed, and all boxes with rents unpaid will be declared vacant in compliance with the law. Unless a man is dead, there will be no reasonable excuse why his box rent is not paid within the time specified.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

For the first time in its history, THE DAILY COURIER has failed to connect on an advertisement. Some time ago L. D. Latham, of the K. C. & S. W., told us to get him a house to occupy as soon as the road reached Winfield. We have advertised for the house now for a week and no answers. Is it possible that there isn't a good house to rent in Winfield?

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

In the 1½ mile novelty race Friday, Cliffwood won second money, giving Black Tom a close rub. Our report that Cliffwood got left was erroneous. In the novelty race, 1½ mile dash, Gray Buck got the ¼ and ½, Rossmore the mile and 1½, closely crowded by Hybernia. The first quarter was made in 25; the ½ in 53; the mile in 1:49; and the 1½ in 2:46.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The ladies of the W. C. T. U. are sensible and in strong contrast with the crankism which attempts to run prohibition tickets, which can only have the effect to divide the temperance forces and ensure victory to the rum power.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

At P. H. Albright & Co.'s loan office, you will always find all the money you can put up real estate security for--on the safest and most reasonable terms and rates. We run a small hand money mill of our own.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Ladies and Misses fine shoes a specialty at Baden's.


Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Ed G. Gray is assisting in the county clerk's office.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Ira Kyger has returned from a short trip to Indiana, highly pleased with his visit.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

John F. Mays and Mary E. Lane were joined in wedlock by Judge Gans last evening.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

W. C. Carey, paymaster of the K. C. & S. W., went to El Dorado on Monday on railroad business.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

T. W. Jones, of the Register's office, has been lying very low for the past few days with malaria fever.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

J. G. Meyers, who lives on south Loomis street, has been very sick with malaria. He is slowly recovering.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Robt. Ratliff and wife and Wm. June and wife, Udall, were in the hub Tuesday--just to see the animals, you know.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Lou Harter shot a beaver in the Tunnel Mills tunnel Saturday. It weighed over fifty pounds and was a beauty.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Henry E. Asp went west Monday to submit propositions for the K. C. & S. W. Geuda Springs and Caldwell branch.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

H. N. Jarvis is home from an extensive California trip. He gives some glowing descriptions of California scenery.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The west half of A. D. Hendricks' quarter block, where his residence is, was sold Monday through J. M. Stafford, for $500.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

B. H. Meigs, F. E. Barnett, J. C. Endicott, and Theo. Fairclo were among the Arkansas City fellows drawn Tuesday by the elephant and trapeze girl.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Mrs. M. L. Whitney, mother of Will, has returned home from an extended trip to Wisconsin and Michigan; she reports a very enjoyable visit.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Miss Maude Corson, of Fairview township, is attending our Commercial College, making her home with Miss Emma Strong, an old Wisconsin friend.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Word from J. J. Burns says the sixty-one miles of grading on the D., M. A. is finished, all but the surfacing, and that track laying will begin the last of the week.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Mr. F. Austin and wife, nee Miss Cora Andrews, came in from the Black Hills Monday and will spend a week visiting here before going to California, their future home.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Rev. J. H. Snyder conducted the U. B. quarterly meeting at Hackney, in the absence of the presiding elder, Sunday evening. His pulpit here in consequence was vacant.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Joe Burdette gives another hop at his hall at Tisdale Thursday evening next. These social gatherings are always very pleasant. As usual, a number of couples will go from Winfield.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Willis A. Ritchie now sports a bay charger and buggy, and is prepared for numerous whirls around the city. The animal is a daisy roadster and will prove the charm Willis anticipates.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Isaac Wood lost one of the best hogs he exhibited at the Fair while taking them home Saturday. The heat and moving was too much for the animal. It was a male and very valuable.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

A hanging lamp in Julius Goczliwski's tailor shop fell Monday night, breaking to pieces and making a big blaze. Julius squelched the blaze with his coat. It ruined the coat and the lamp--that's all.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Fred Kropp returned Monday from Geuda Springs, where he moved four houses for Dr. Perry. Fred and his mules could move the state of Kansas in a reasonable time. He gets there all the time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Henry E. Kibbey was over from Elk Falls again to spend Sunday with--the boys, of course. The attraction is great, Henry, and we don't blame you for yielding. Most anybody would: if they had the chance.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

If our late compositor and story writer, now Mrs. J. C. Curry, had happened to have been a president's sister, she could have made twenty-five thousand dollars from her stories published in THE COURIER.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

S. H. Rodgers is in from Syracuse, where he is running a lumber yard, for a few days with his family. He says Veteran, for which Syracuse is the supply point, is coming up with very bright prospects. The county is filling up magically.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Douglass Miller and Annie Shrubshell were joined in the bonds that nothing but a divorce court can sever, by Judge Gans Monday. They reside in Richland township. THE COURIER wishes them a safe and prosperous slide down the slippery path of time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

J. O. Taylor came over from Geuda Sunday. Two weeks ago he started westward, only getting to Geuda, when James P. Gardener was taken sick; then the horses got into a barbed wire fence and were unable to travel. Today the vicissitudes were removed and westward they took their way to Clark, Meade, and other counties.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. L. Shearer, relatives of Mr. W. H. Shearer, dropped down in Winfield on Monday from Geneseo, Illinois, all unawares to W. H. They hadn't met for many years and the surprise was most happy, especially when considered that the surprise came just in time to attend the 20th wedding anniversary of their nephew and wife.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

James Monical and Sarah E. Haven came over from Cowley County Monday and were united in marriage by Judge Monnett. It is not known why they did not go to Winfield for the necessary permit, but it is presumed that on account of their youthfulness (only 44 years of age) they ran away from papa. Wellingtonian.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Senator Hackney, Senator Long, Judge Soward, Rev. B. Kelly, Supt. A. H. Limerick, Capt. J. B. Nipp, A. B. Arment, John McGuire, J. E. Conklin, and many others are off to take in the Topeka Soldier's reunion. About 130 from Winfield and surroundings took the train this afternoon for Topeka. Half of the Winfield Post went. The round trip fare is but $4.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

We are informed that Messrs. Hubbard & Keagy, of Wellington, who made the fine hog display at the Fair and carried away most of the ribbons, are complaining that THE COURIER didn't give them a "wright up." THE COURIER failed to write them up for the same reason that they failed to give THE COURIER a hog. They raise hogs for a living: THE COURIER exists for the same sublime and strictly legitimate object.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Mr. Chas. Parker, late of Bristol, England, arrived in Winfield a few days since, and proposed locating here. Mr. Parker is an intelligent gentleman, who thoroughly posted himself before coming--that is why he came to Kansas. He is delighted with this beautiful country and its free institutions, and his anticipations were more than realized. His wife is in Niapa, New York, visiting her sister, and will be here in a few days.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

S. M. Shaffer, who has been with Eli Youngheim for some time past, was called to his old home, Hagerstown, Maryland, Tuesday by a telegram announcing the death of his old employer. Mr. Shaffer was tendered the management of the store, a large establishment. He is a very agreeable young man, a thorough salesman, and while regretting his departure, we congratulate him on his good fortune, his promotion implies.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Among the most active and efficient officers of the Fair was Sid Cure, assistant chief of police. He was continually on duty and kept everything in the best of shape, eliciting the warmest appreciation. Sid always does everything in "apple-pie" order, and the Fair Association made a good strike in getting him in this position. On his black charger, with his straight form and appropriate uniform, he gave dignity to the Fair and was always readily recognized.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Real estate begins to change hands at a rapid rate and good figures. Messrs. Harris & Clark have just completed the sale of the J. P. Henderson farm, in Pleasant Valley township, to Dr. S. W. Biddinger, of Columbus, Indiana, for $7,200. Also the W. P. Gibson farm, Ninnescah township, for $2,000, together with numerous other sales. If you want to sell your farm or city property, put it in the hands of Harris & Clark and it will be readily sold. They now have the cash purchasers for three or four eighty acre tracts within the radius of 3½ miles of Winfield. If you want to sell such a farm, see them at once.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Under the agreeable courtesy of Mr. C. A. Davis, press agent of Forepaugh's show, our reporter was shown through every department of the show Tuesday, from the ticket wagon to the make-up tents--chatting with Adam Forepaugh, next to P. T. Barnum, as a veteran and successful show man; John A. Forepaugh, manager; the Caucasian girl, and various individuals of interest. Adam Forepaugh is a very pleasant gentleman and takes great pleasure in explaining everything regarding his colossal show. His daily expense averages $3,000. He gives his constant and personal attention, with his sons John A. and Adam, Jr., to the management of the show and has few subordinate managers. Adam Senior is about sixty years old and his sons are young men between thirty and forty. Of the show in detail we speak elsewhere.


Supt. Myer's Protest. A Few Facts by Mr. Friend.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

"The White is again crowned King among sewing machines. It is victorious in fair and square competition at the Cowley County Fair, with the Davis over which so much blate and blow has been made. Mr. A. H. Fitch, of Arkansas City, the sole agent of Cowley County, got the first premium on best sewing machine for family purposes; on best general work; best display of work; and best display of sewing machines. He exhibited nothing but the famous White and its work. Mr. Fitch was assisted in showing his machines by Mr. W. H. Seavy, of Kansas City, general agent of the White sewing machine company. In the awarding of the premiums, in competition with the Davis, were: The lightest running; less noise; general durability; finest line of attachments and general finish. The White is clear above any other machine on the market, a fact thoroughly demonstrated--not only at this Fair but in its everyday work--in its universal satisfaction and popularity with every household it enters. Mr. Fitch has established an agency in Winfield, at the Dollar Store, and will have no trouble in placing the White in every home needing a machine. Mr. Fitch had a very fine display and carried off the premiums most worthily. It was a big triumph--one deserving, a result always attainable by the celebrated and popular White."--Mr. Fitch in Friday's Courier.

After the award was made, Capt. T. B. Myers, superintendent of Class M., entered the following protest on class book.

"It is my opinion that in this award the judgment was not fair and impartial, and would recommend that the diploma be withheld until the matter is investigated. T. B. MYERS."

The Davis Sewing Machine Co. have for years advertised a reward of $500 to any machine that could equal them in their range of work. The Domestic has twice accepted their challenge, but has each time reconsidered and withdrawn before the time set for work. The Vertical Feed, found only in the Davis machine, will stand all tests, where an under feed fails. The Davis Co. make their own attachments and fit them to the machine and they are the only company that make and warrant their attachments. "The Davis" always courts examination and test by experts as to material and workmanship. The 1st cost at factory of $5 to $7 more than the White for similar style of machine. This difference is in material and skilled finish, which will tell in years of use. Respectfully, F. M. FRIEND, Sole agent for the Davis in Cowley and Sumner counties.

The opinion of all who know the facts in this case is that there is something radically wrong. One judge was selected by Fitch and one by Friend, these two to select the third. The third was selected against the protest of Friend's judge, and afterwards proved to be an old acquaintance of the White family. That the Davis exhibit was superior, all acknowledge. H. W. Darling, general agent of the Davis Sewing Machine Co., was here from Chicago to practically demonstrate the superiority of his machine. The expression of all is that the two prejudiced judges had their judgment made up before entering the investigation. Had justice been done, the Davis would certainly have got the blue ribbons, as everyone familiar with the two machines can testify. In everything considered, the Davis stands head and shoulders over the White.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Winfield, during the past ten days, has been continually thronged with people. The good order and perfect deportment characterizing this busy time has been a matter of wide comment, especially by strangers visiting the city. In all the rush and jam of Fair week, but two or three "plain drunks" were noted--men drunk enough to need official attention. Such order is remarkable and could have been maintained in no other city of Winfield's size. True, our standing police force, though small, is the best, and last week's temporary force was first-class, but they had little actual "raking in" to do. Our people are still law-abiding: people of the highest citizenship. And the necessary "stuff" to buoy our very few rowdies don't flow like milk and honey--is might "scarce," as has been plainly proven in the last week. The chronic growler who goes around with a visage four miles long, with his lip clear down in the cellar, jawing that "prohibition is a farce--more whiskey drank now than ever before," got a Sullivan blow under the fifth rib in the universal good order of the last ten days.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

We call special attention to the public sale, on Thursday, the 28th of October, of Mr. Holloway's entire herd of fifty-eight high grade Durham cattle sale, to commence at 10 o'clock a.m., on his farm, four miles east of Winfield, on the old Tisdale road. The herd is composed of fresh milk cows with young calves, fine young cows near calving, other young cows more or less forward with calf, steers and heifers, one and two years old last spring, and some very fine spring calves. The herd is in splendid condition and is a very desirable lot of cattle to buy. A credit of 12 months will be given on all sales, the purchaser to give bankable note, with 10 per cent interest.

$1000 REWARD.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

I have been actively engaged in loaning money on real estate for the last five years. I have averaged more than one loan a day during all that time. Since January 1st, 1885, our books show a business of $665,752.61, or at the rate of over half a million a year. During all that time I have never made known of a mortgage made by myself or the firm of P. H. Albright & Co. being foreclosed, and there are none now in process of foreclosure. I will pay $1000 for the name of any man or firm on top of God's green earth that has made as good a record as, Yours Truly, P. H. Albright.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

I have just received a large assortment, and have more coming, of the best goods and the latest styles in the market, which I will make up to order or sell by the yard, at the lowest prices and first-class workmanship. A cordial invitation is extended to all to call and examine my goods. They are the best ever brought to Winfield, and when completed will give an assortment of over 500 different styles. A. Herpich, the Merchant Tailor, Over Post Office.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Rodocker had a very fine display at the Fair, the pictures of some of our young ladies. The work was admired by all. Strangers stopped and gazed in admiration at those beautiful portraits and exclaimed, what fine work! I hardly thought Kansas could produce such fine work or such handsome young ladies. Call at Rodocker's north Main, and examine this work. We challenge the state to produce such a fine collection of art.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

I have 850 for sale or will buy 500 to 1000 more. Address, N. R. Collins, Eureka, Kas.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The contract was closed today with the Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron Company, through A. McTouth, their representative, for an 18 foot Pratt truss, double track bridge across the Walnut river at Bliss & Wood's mill. It will cost $5,000. There is but $1,700 yet to raise, which will be easily and speedily done. Let the good work go on; we need this badly.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The little five year old boy of Samuel Oliver, residing on 9th avenue west, just this side of the old stone stable, was kicked by a vicious horse last evening. The horse was sharp shod, and the hollow of the boy's left cheek bone was laid bare to the bone. Dr. Downey dressed the wound. The little fellow was playing in the barn where the horse was.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Mrs. F. M. Freeland is visiting at Floral.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

FOR SALE. At quarry north of the cemetery and adjoining Jimmy Land's homestead, rubble stone at 50 cents a two horse load. J. B. Conklin, manager Winfield Stone and Brick Company.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

A car load of cider and a car load of Iowa potatoes just received; special prices to the trade. J. P. Baden.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

P. H. Albright & Co. loan money on city property for any length of time--from one day to three years.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

EYE AND EAR. Dr. Hays, of Wichita, will be at the Central Hotel every first and third Monday and Tuesday of each month.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Dr. Houx the dentist: Torrance-Fuller block, will be absent next week.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

My line of clothing is complete, make your selection while they go at cost. J. P. Baden.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Children's suits in great varieties and selling at cost at Baden's.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Notice is hereby given that Isaac Wells will petition the Governor to pardon Charles Neal, convicted of grand larceny, in the district court in and for Cowley County, Kansas, at the December term thereof. Said petition will be presented to the board of pardons at their meeting to be held Oct. 13, 1885.


The China Wedding of Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Shearer.

An Unique Occasion.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The pleasant home of Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Shearer, 917 Mansfield street, was the scene of a most happy gathering Monday evening. The occasion was the celebration of the 20th wedding anniversary of Mr. and Mrs. Shearer. Though the rain interfered with the attendance of a number, by nine o'clock over eighty were present, in their happiest mood. Soon after nine o'clock the "bride and groom" were presented and re-united in the bonds whose sweet and bitter they had thoroughly experienced. Rev. J. H. Reider re-tied the knot in a novel and jolly ceremony, the groom consenting to all the compulsory vicissitudes of a "hen-pecked" husband, and she to clothe, feed, protect, scold (in foreign language) until death. After the ceremony and hearty congratulations, a collation of choicest delicacies was served in profusion and most thoroughly enjoyed. The presents were handsome and valuable, the most prominent being an exquisitely painted china dinner set. It embraced a hundred and twenty-five pieces--the handsomest thing obtainable in china ware. It was a token from the following persons: Rev. and Mrs. J. H. Reider, Rev. and Mrs. B. Kelly, Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Wood, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Soward, Dr. and Mrs. F. M. Pickens, Mr. and Mrs. S. L. Gilbert, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Dalton, Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Bliss, Mrs. R. B. Waite and Mrs. Hartwell, Mrs. E. M. Albright and family, Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Silliman, Col. and Mrs. Wm. Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. Ed. Nelson, Prof. and Mrs. I. N. Inskeep, Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Burnett, Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Arment, Dr. and Mrs. H. L. Wells, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Whiting, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Mann, Mr. and Mrs. Frank W. Finch, Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Thompson, Mr. and Mrs. D. Taylor and Miss Minnie, Mr. and Mrs. A. Herpich, Mr. and Mrs. L. Conrad, Mrs. A. Silliman and Miss Lola, Mrs. C. Strong and Miss Emma, Mrs. Dr. Bailey, Misses Fannie, Jessie, and Louie Stretch, Miss March, Misses Mattie and Mary Gibson, Nettie and Anna McCoy, Lydia Tyner, Maggie Herpich, Maude Kelly, Ida Johnston, and Maude Pickens, Mr. and Mrs. C. Collins, and Miss Lena Walrath. Among the other presents were: Fruit holder and saucer, by Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Burgauer; individual pepper and salt holders, Miss Burgauer; cup and saucer, Wm. Statton; fruit dish, Dr. and Mrs. C. Perry and Mrs. Judd; China Plaque, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Balyeat; soup bowl, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Newton; pickle dish, Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Harrod; fruit plate, Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Lynn; fruit plate, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Johnston; fruit plate, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. R. Bates; fruit plate, Geo. D. Headrick; fruit plate, John Roberts and Mrs. Reed; fruit plate, Mr. and Mrs. L. W. Randall; cut glass fruit and pickle dish, tooth-pick holder and finger bowl, Mesdames G. H. Allen, D. L. Kretsinger, A. H. Doane, C. S. Van Doren, and John Tomlin; plate, bowl and pitcher, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Bullene; water pitcher, Mr. M. Hahn; cake stand, Kate Shearer; $20 gold piece, Mr. and Mrs. Louis Shearer of Geneseo, Illinois. A good majority of the donors were present, and under the agreeable hospitality of Mr. and Mrs. Shearer, nicely assisted by their daughter, all passed the evening most enjoyably, departing at a late hour, wishing that the bride and groom might have many more such happy anniversaries, clear down to the one of gold, with its silvery locks and ripened years.


The Fourth Annual Reunion of Kansas Veterans at Topeka.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

TOPEKA, KAN., September 29. The fourth annual reunion of the soldiers and sailors of Kansas opened this morning at Camp Grant. All the trains which arrived brought several posts and there are now about 5,000 veterans in the city. As fast as they arrived, the old soldiers proceeded at once to the camp, and were assigned to their various departments. The camp is divided into seven departments, each Congressional District of the State constituting one, and as fast as the various posts arrive they are assigned to their proper brigade. The following posts have arrived.

Ellison Post No. 16, of Burlington, Coffey County.

Emporia Post No. 55, of Emporia.

Hackluman [?] Post No. 142, of Cherryvale, Montgomery County, fifty strong.

Oneida Post No. 13, of Oneida, Pottawatomie County.

General Bailey Post No. 49, of Girard, Crawford County.

General E. O. C. Ord Post No. 110, of Moline, Elk County.

W. H. Little Post No. 32, of Fort Scott.

Gilpatrick Post No. 130, of Garnett.

Pea Ridge Post No. 113, of Chetopa, Labette County.

B. F. Larned Post No. 18, of Larned.

Pittsburg Post No. 72, of Pittsburg, Crawford County.

Pap Thomas Post No. 52, of Great Bend.


The following are the commanding officers of the camp.

Major General Thomas M. Carroll, Paola.

First brigade, Brigadier General W. M. Fuller, Topeka.

Lieutenant Colonel G. E. Finch, Burlingame.

Second brigade, Colonel L. N. Woodcock, Wichita.

Vice Brigadier General Timothy McCarthy, absent.

Third brigade, Colonel Henry Case, Beloit.

Vice Brigadier, General Adam Bixon, absent.

Fourth brigade, Brigadier General J. N. Roberts, Lawrence.

Colonel L. L. Patrick, Oswego.

The following is a roster of the officers on the Commander-in-Chief's staff, who are present.

A. B. Campbell, Colonel and Adjutant General.

C. J. McDavitt, Colonel and Quartermaster General.

Harry E. Insley, Colonel and Paymaster General.

J. B. Hibben, Colonel and Surgeon General.

W. H. Caldwell, Lieutenant Colonel and Aide-de-Camp.

Harry Jones, Lieutenant Colonel and Aide-de-Camp.

L. V. B. Taylor, Lieutenant Colonel and Aide-de-Camp.


The Pope a Happy Selection for German Interests.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

NEW YORK, September 29. A London special cable to the Herald says: The question of the Caroline Island, which but a few weeks ago threatened to compromise the peace of Europe, has been submitted to the mediation of Pope Leo XIII. Whatever may be the issue, Catholic Spain will submit. It must not be believed, however, that protests and remonstrances will not arise. On the contrary, we may expect to see the whole republican party in a state of frantic excitement if the head of the church should give a verdict not exactly in accordance with Spanish aspirations. As regards Germany, the choice must be considered a truly happy one. If the mediation turns out favorably to Germany, the Pope will have given a direct blow to Herr Windhorst and the German Ultramontanes, who, through their mouthpiece, Germana, have advocated all along the sacredness of Spanish rights. If, on the contrary, the Holy Father's verdict should be given Germany, Prince Bismarck will have gained more by mediation than the German merchants would have been likely to gain from the factories at Yap or in any of the Caroline Islands.


Lawsuits Threatened.

A Plucky Woman Saves a Neighbor's Wheat Stacks.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

BISMARCK, D. T., September 29. Several very interesting lawsuits are about to arise from the results of the disastrous prairie fires which have swept over the country during the past two weeks. Warrants have already been issued for the arrest of parties who started the prairie fires, and they will be prosecuted with the utmost rigor of the law. In several cases men who were seen starting back fires for the purpose of forming firebreaks and saving their property have been arrested because the flames got beyond their control and added to the destructive force of the main fire. A report comes from the southeastern portion of this county that a school teacher named Belle Franklin saved a neighbor's wheat stacks and house by her heroic efforts during the night of the 22nd. Seeing the flames surrounding the premises, and knowing that the owner was absent, she arose, rushed to the barn, harnessed the horses, and hitching them to a plow, turned several furrows between the property and the fire before they could reach the stacks, thus saving several thousand dollars to the negligent farmer who had left his home unprotected.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.

Mary J. Swarts and hus to Julia A. Howard, lots 1, 2, 3, 4, blk 185, Swarts' ad to A. C.: $225

Henry C. McDorman et ux to Thos N Culberson, lots 3, 4, in sec 2-33-6e, 78 acres: $800

Jacob W Haynes et ux to E A Houser, pt ne qr nw qr 18-30-43, 3 acres: $15

Ellen A Baldwin to Francis M Baldwin, se qr sec 16-31-6e; also sw qr sec 16-31-7e: $3,500

State of Kansas to David Gatton, nw qr 19-36-6, 160 acres, school land: $1,640

Ira D Black et ux by G H McIntire, Sheriff Cowley County, to the State Savings Bank, St. Joe, sw qr 3-32-5e and e hf se qr 14-30-6e: $1,854

George M Work to Tyler H McLaughlin, lots 26, 27, 28, blk 70, and lots 5, 6, 7, 8, blk 85, A C: $200

Julia A Howard to Edward Marshall, lots 1, 2, 3, 4, blk 185, Swarts' ad to A C: $250

Samuel S. Hard et ux to H K Newton, tract in sw qr 28-32-4e: $1,500

Julia Reynard to W S Houghton, lot 13, blk 81, A C: $5

Dougal Owen et ux to Lizzie Benedict, ne qr 9-35-7e, 160 acres: $3,200

Albert P Johnson et ux to H C McDorman, lots 3, 4, 2-33-6e: $550

James A McKibben et ux to Meyer & Robinson, lots 11, 12, 13, 14, blk 49, A C: $1,500

Frank J Hess et ux to Charles M McIntire, lots 19, 20, blk 157, A C: $150

Thos J Johnson et ux to Sidney S Wood, lots 11, 12, blk 266, Citizen's ad to Winfield: $585

Lafayette and Tyler H McLaughlin et ux to Robert B Baird, lot 14, blk 52, A C: $150

Samuel B Scott et ux to Adolphus G Lowe, lot 9, blk 167, Leonard's ad to A C: $850

John W Curns et ux and G S Manser et ux to C M E Bassett, lot 12, blk 226, Citizen's ad to Winfield: $250

Tyler H McLaughlin et ux to Amanda Ball, lots 1, 2, blk 146, A C: $100

Jacob Smith et ux to Lyman Fairclo, lots 12, 13, 14, blk 142, A C: $1,000

Amy J Saunders to Sidney S Wood, tract in 27-32-4e: $1,100

J M Alexander et ux to Amy J Saunders, and hus, tract in ne qr 28-32-4e: $200

Frank H Houghton to Thomas H Lupton, 2 acres in 19-34-4e: $315

A J Thompson et ux to Sidney S Wood, tract in nw qr 27-32-4e, Thompson's ad to Winfield: $3,000

Sid S Major and Ivan A Robinson to Elizabeth Major, lots 11, 12, 13, and 14, blk 49, A C: $800

John A Rogers et ux to Thomas J Kelley, lots 3 and 4, blk 18, New Salem: $500

Alice M. Merrill and hus to Mary B. Hoyland, lots 2 and 3, blk 12, ad to Winfield: $600

Atlanta Town Co to Wm Johnson, lots 4 and 5, blk 21, lots 10 and 11, blk 29, 1 and 2, blk 11, Atlanta: $225

Franklin Lefler et ux to Christopher C Brown, lot 3, blk 4, Dexter: $80

John L Waldien to M L Robinson, w hf nw qr 33-31-8e: $750.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Wallis & Wallis have just received a crate of Lustre Band Queensware. Something new.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Wallis & Wallis keep constantly on hand a lot of "Castor Machine" and "Prime Engine Oil."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

If you don't want to be troubled at night, give your little ones Cole's Diarrhoea Remedy for cramps, colic, etc. Prepared and sold only at Cole's Drug Store, Winfield.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Three of my family had the ague. One bottle of Cole's Ague Cure has cured them. I can cheerfully recommend Cole's Ague Cure as the best ague remedy I ever used. A. L. Crabtree.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

I took up on Tuesday nine head of cattle, two cows, and other young cattle. Owners can get same at my place, two miles south of Kellogg, on payment of charges. H. D. Syron.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Knowing the formula of Cole's Diarrhoea Remedy, I consider it the best medicine a person can use for all summer complaints--Colic, Diarrhoea, etc. Every family where there are children should keep it in the house for immediate use. Dr. Rothrock.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

One man says he got 115 dozen eggs from twelve Brown Leghorn hens and asks who can beat it? No one wants to; but I have two of the same kind that laid 19 dozen in the same length of time, 6 months, and still in the business. I have for sale my entire stock of full bloods and half breeds, and give a guarantee. I have also 100 common hens and plenty of chicks for eating purposes. I will wholesale or retail the entire lot.

MAJ. P. FARNSWORTH, west of Santa Fe depot, Winfield.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

FOR SALE. Fifty head of shoats ready for feeding, one mile east of south end of Main street. J. P. Short.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.


Around our business reputation we have drawn a circle within whose bounds no foot-prints of deceit or double-dealing can be seen. We are the "Up and Up" Merchant of the Arkansas Valley. We are


We stake our reputation and our good name on our acts and our actions. We conduct our business on principles that are as eternal as the rock-ribbed hills. We have never made a promise or a proposition to the public that we have not fulfilled TO THE LETTER. We have always given the people better value for every dollar that they have spent with us, than they could have obtained in the city.

This Fall We Intend to Do Better Than Ever Before.

Our constantly increasing business gives us facilities in buying that are possessed by few firms in America. We are just the firm to take advantage of this truth, and we propose this fall to sell all of our Goods at such close figures that we shall double our trade, save you money, and worry the other merchants.




Whatever article you may need, come pick it out--the price for the quality will be lower than you will expect. With the assurance that there never has been such a stupendous and elegant stock displayed in Kansas, We are respectfully,

ELI YOUNGHEIM, The Widely-Known Clothing Merchant.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.


Of all competitors prices will be seen by going through the Splendid stock now on exhibition at the


We eclipse them not only in prices, but in the beautiful and varied selections recently made in the eastern markets at prices that rent the "rocks" asunder and we "scooped 'em up."


Dress flannels in plain, fancy and plaids; cashmeres, black and colored; ottoman cloth, black and colored; velontines, bourettes, in plain and fancy designs; canvas suitings and an unlimited quantity of cheap dress goods. Dress trimmings in all the latest novelties, a large and varied selection of fancy


and notions. Special drives in white and linen goods, table linens, demarks, napkins, towels, towelings, stamped tidies, scarfs, and toilet sets. In


the stock is complete, with flannels, cassimeres, jeans, suitings, and a large lot of blankets, white and--"the celebrated Jacksonville blankets and flannels a specialty." Woolen cashmere, and Persian Shawls. We again remind you of those Springer Brothers' cloaks which down them all for neatness and fit. We call special attention to the


which are simply elegant and attractive beyond belief. Be sure and come in and say "Howd'ye, if you don't buy. We are always pleased to see you. Remember the NEW YORK STORE, 921, Main street.


P. S. We offer no baits, expecting to beat you on something else to make it up, but give you low prices on everything in the store.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.



Wish to inform the public that they are headquarters for anything in the line of

Hardware, Stoves, Tinware

Roofing, Guttering, Pumps, Iron Pipe, Rubber Hose, Etc.

We have the exclusive agency for Winfield of the celebrated


STOVES AND RANGES, one of the finest lines of Stoves ever brought to Winfield. We also keep a full line of the "ECONOMICAL GOLD MEDAL" Soft Coal Heaters; keep fire all night, with a Patent Gas Consumer; burns one-half of the coal of other Heaters. A written guarantee with every stove. Guarantee satisfaction or no sale. Call and see us.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.


The largest, best assorted and most desirable stock of

Dry Goods, Clothing, Carpets, Etc.

Every department full of unapproachable bargains. We will save you both time and money.


The Largest Stock to Select from.

Rock Bottom Prices on every article.

No Goods misrepresented.

No trouble to show Goods.

M. HAHN & CO.,

Main Street and West Ninth Avenue, Winfield.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

The Ninth Avenue Hotel.



Neat, clean and terms reasonable.


JOHN McALLISTER, Proprietor.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

Recap Sheriff's Sale. G. H. McIntire, Sheriff. Property to settle claim of Elizabeth McQuain, Plaintiff, vs. Nancy A. Baldwin, William C. Schooling, Francis A. Schooling, Isabella S. Schooling, Mary A. Schooling, and Luella C. Schooling, Defendants. Date: October 19, 1885.


Remarkable Incident in the Franco-Prussian War.

The Train Which Carried the Dispatches.

Faith of a Little Girl in Her Father's Watchfulness and Care.

The Engineer's Daughter.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 1, 1885.

[Courier des Etats Unis.]

I arrived at the station at the appointed hour. I entered, or rather was thrown by an attendant, into the car nearest to me. The door was quickly shut. The whistle was blown and we were off.

Curiously enough, the car was not crowded. I formed the fifth passenger. Two of the corners were occupied, one by an officer and the other by a civilian. Facing me was a woman about thirty years old, neatly and modestly dressed, and beside her sat the most beautiful little child I ever saw--a little girl about six years old, with a flood of blonde curls waving under her immense straw hat. Now and then the child would look through the window in the direction of the engine, and then her eyes seemed to wander in the infinite space that was unrolling itself before her. We came to a station. The train stopped. The little girl put her face to the window. "I don't see him," she said to the lady beside her. "I don't see him." Then suddenly her face brightened and her eyes lit with golden hues, shining with indescribable joy, while her lips came down upon two hands that came from the exterior and were placed upon the frame of the window. "Ah, papa! Here is papa!" exclaimed my little neighbor, with the exuberant and innocent joy of her six years.

It was the engineer of our train, who had come to speak to his little daughter and his wife, who were seated in front of me.

"We are going very fast," said the woman.

"We must make up for lost time," replied the man. "Were you afraid, Jeanne?"

"No," said the child, "because I knew that you were driving."

"Well, by-by," said the man, as he left.

"By-by, papa," said the child, throwing herself into his arms.

The train started and gradually reached an extraordinary speed. I worship children, and I began to examine the little one in front of me. She was full of life and good humor. She amused herself with everything and nothing, cajoling with her mother, inquisitive with the window, and severe with her doll. She was carrying on a thousand different conversations all at once, and with a noise that was almost deafening, when suddenly the gentleman in the other corner exclaimed.

"Decidedly we are going too fast. The train will surely run off the track."

"Oh, don't be afraid," said the child seriously; "papa is driving."

The officer was reading. He looked out of the window, and then resumed his reading without making any observation.

The other gentleman again began to talk.

"This is certainly madness," said he. "Yes, madam," he continued, addressing the lady, "your husband is either drunk or crazy."

"Oh, sir," said the lady, "my husband never gets drunk. You saw him a little while ago. Certainly, the train is going at a furious rate. I don't understand it."

The officer closed his book and stretched himself along the seat. "I would advise you all to do the same," said he, with the greatest coolness. "If you keep seated, your legs will be smashed. Remember the Versailles accident."

Certainly the train was running at a terrifying rate. What in the world could the engineer mean by such driving?

"I am afraid!" said the citizen, white with terror.

Then the officer took me aside. "Here is my name and address," said he. "If I am killed or mortally wounded in the accident to which we are running, and you escape, promise me now that you will carry these dispatches without a moment's delay to the General whose name you will find by opening this envelope."

I promised.

The woman took the child in her arms and covered her little face with tears and kisses. She seemed to wish to make a rampart of herself to protect the little one against the frightful smash-up that was momentarily expected.

"I am not afraid," said the child, smiling; "papa is driving." And she alone among the passengers of the car, and doubtless she alone among all on board the train, had faith and confidence. We could hear in the other cars cries of terror and wailings of despair, and, in spite of the mother, the child leaned out of the window in the back door and shouted out with all the force of her little lungs: "Don't be afraid; papa is driving." Ah! That sweet little girl, in the general terror, was a tower of strength with that sacred love of a child for a father--an affection that nothing can break down.

Gradually the train slowed and then came to a standstill. We were at a station. The engineer came to the door. "We have been going very fast," said he, "but at all hazards we must get to Reims before the Prussians. That we must do at the risk of being blown up or smashed to pieces on the way. I'm told that we are carrying important dispatches," and he looked at his little girl with tears in his eyes.

"Give me your hand," said the officer. "Your are a brave fellow. It is I who have the dispatches." "En route!" then said the man, and he gave a parting glance at the fair form of his child as if to bid her farewell. But Jeanne was not afraid; and, moreover, nobody in our compartment was afraid any longer. We knew that we were risking our lives for our country, and that satisfied us. As for the train, it recommenced its furious race.

This was in the month of September, 1870, on the Eastern line.




The Hoosiers Charmed by Cowley's Grand Display at the Indiana State Fair.

Our Display Carries off The First Premium Amid Loudest Praises.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.


The Indianapolis Journal, in its write-up of Indiana's State Fair, gives the grand fruit exhibit sent from Cowley County, this handsome notice: "'And where is Cowley County!' was the eager inquiry of hundreds of the thousands who looked admiringly upon the magnificent array of apples, pears, peaches, grapes, melons, and other products temptingly spread in the Exposition Building. Well might they ask, for surely a finer fruit display was never seen in Indiana. Cowley County is in Southern Kansas, on the border of the Indian Territory. The exhibit is for the purpose of advertising to the world the productiveness of that new and wonderful region. The display is in care of Capt. P. A. Huffman, a well known Indianan, recently moved there, together with J. F. Martin, President of the Cowley County Agricultural Society, S. P. Strong, vice-president, and J. D. Guthrie, one of the directors. The county seat is Winfield, a beautiful little city of 7,000, with gas, water, and every convenience possessed by Indianapolis. Arkansas City, another beautiful little city of 4,000 residents, is also in Cowley County. This county, only fifteen years old, is the eighth in population, ranks eighth in the production of corn, ninth in cultivated lands, and tenth in wheat. It has 30 postoffices; church organizations, 36; church edifices, 26; value of church property, $110,000. Of organized school districts, it has 145; school buildings, 143; value of buildings, $162,817; school population, 10,800. In June 1870, when the first census was taken, its population was 726. It is now 32,000. Its climate is that of the most salubrious portions of middle Tennessee. No wonder it is fertile, as it is watered by the Arkansas and Walnut rivers, and Silver, Grouse, Rock, Timber, Dutch, Little Dutch, Muddy, Badger, Beaver, Otter, Cedar, and Steward creeks, all of which are skirted with timber, such as walnut, oak, locust, cottonwood, hackberry, sycamore, mulberry, ash, elm, hickory, maple, etc. We fear that Captain Huffman and the gentlemen with him, together with the handsome showing of the products of this Kansas garden spot, will cause an exodus of thrifty, enterprising Hoosiers to that place which we can hardly afford to spare."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Under date of the 30th ult., James F. Martin writes of Cowley County's splendid exhibit at the Indiana State Fair. "The weather has been cloudy since our arrival, and this evening it is raining quite hard, and it thus looks bad for tomorrow's fair, which all say will be the big day. The work of your fellow servants in displaying our fruits, etc., and advertising grand old Cowley was highly satisfactory to ourselves and a joy and surprise to the Hoosiers. If you could but see the multitudes on first beholding our fruits and learning from whence and how they came here, throwing up their hands and uttering expressions of astonishment and pleasure as though they had found a treasure, you, also, would say, 'Well done, faithful servants.' I speak advisedly when I say that our exhibit, which comprises full one-tenth of the exhibit in horticultural hall, attracts twenty times as many admirers and enquirers as all the remaining exhibit. In certain quarters and among some officials, it has created uneasiness approaching alarm. Truly we have bearded the lion in his own den, and yesterday the Superintendent of this department was sullen, and finally assigned us space on an inside table on which our fruits could only be seen from the end of the table. This morning we quietly usurped a portion of an adjoining table, which was designed to display flowers that would have enveloped us. Then the lion growled, and told us that they did not favor such exhibits in attracting emigration from the State. Of course, we could afford to be happy in our newly gained possession, so we gently turned him over to the tender mercies of Capt. Huffman, who very pleasantly told him that Kansas nor Cowley County were neither in the mood nor position to beg for privileges or favors, and that he had but to intimate his desire and our fruit would at once be packed and removed from the building. The Superintendent settled down, feeling, no doubt, very much like a person does when it happens that his feet slip from under him on the icy pavement. Of course, you know that we are not egotistical when we say that we have our own way, and in discoursing on Cowley County to the eager multitudes, our eloquence affects them just like we have thought Demosthenes did. Well, seriously, the medicine we give is pleasant and profitable to us, and almighty good to take. I expect to remain tomorrow and next day and then return home."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The Indianapolis Evening Minute gave the exhibit of Cowley County at the Indiana state fair this meritorious send-off. "Cowley County, Kansas, comes to the front with a display that is unparalleled in the history of our fairs, and the show is more marvelous when we learn that the entire exhibit is from this one county alone, and not gathered up from the entire state. To enumerate more particularly, there are forty-seven varieties of apples along, seven varieties of pears, and an endless profusion of peaches and grapes, mammoth melons and enormous pumpkins, corn, wheat, oats, rye, and barley, and many other items that must be seen to be fully appreciated. As this exhibit is intended more to advertise Cowley County, it has been placed in charge of representative men, including Capt. P. A. Huffman, a well known citizen of Indiana, who now makes Kansas his home; J. F. Martin, president of the Cowley County Agricultural Society; S. P. Strong, vice president; and J. D. Guthrie, one of the directors. These gentlemen are prepared to give all the information desired; but for fear some may miss seeing them and fail to learn the facts, we will state that Winfield is the county seat, with 7,000 inhabitants, and possessing all modern conveniences in the way of gas, water, etc., and as the city is, so is the county, fully up to the march of modern improvement in all that makes life pleasant. The moral tone of the county is exemplified in the fact that prohibition of the liquor traffic is strictly enforced, schools and churches abound on every side, and the emigrant leaving his home in the east for Cowley County finds that instead of moving into the wilderness, he has only exchanged one civilization for another and perhaps a better one."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

"You can put Kansas at the head, as our fruit exhibit took the blue ribbon today in a large competition for county or other society display. The blue here means the second premium. When we consider the number of entries and their character, the one taking the first prize having sixty varieties of apples, twenty-seven of splendid grapes and other fruits in proper proportion, and that the preparation of this exhibit extended over two months, while ours for shortness of time in getting it ready, was simply a surprise to everyone. It is a wonder that we came in second best. The great superiority of the fruit we had caused the recognition we have received. The day has been favorable and a vast multitude was on the grounds and jammed the exposition building almost to suffocation, and all day your committee have worked hard in talking about Kansas. It is with pleasure that we acknowledge the valuable services so cheerfully given your committee by Mr. Hynes, our railway agent. Good weather and a big crowd is expected tomorrow. Permit me to say that every available opportunity is improved by the undersigned in gaining information from experienced fair managers as to best methods, etc., for conducting fairs, and I hope to make these pointers beneficial to our fair in Winfield Oct. 4th and give personal account. I remain yours respectfully,


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.


"I arrived home Sunday morning from Indianapolis, having left our fruit exhibit on Friday evening last in care of Capt. Huffman, Mr. Guthrie, and Mr. Strong. The directors decided on Friday to continue the fair through Saturday, hence the necessity for some of us to remain. The anxiety on my part in regard to health of my family caused me to turn thus early homeward, not even remaining long enough to take a look at the city and its suburban residences and public buildings. While I am glad to find my family comfortable, I am led almost to regret being deprived of their pleasure. Mr. Guthrie will probably return on Tuesday, and Mr. Strong in eight or ten days. Capt. Huffman will start homeward with a splendid lot of Jersey cattle about the middle of the week. The Captain had a splendid opportunity to make his selections and Cowley will thus have a fine acquisition. My companions no doubt had a world of trouble with the fruit, etc., on yesterday, from which knowingly, I made an escape. During the fair we had hundreds of appeals for samples of the exhibit, that they might carry them to their homes, but from necessity we could not grant such requests during the fair, but finally arranged that at 12 o'clock on Saturday, the distribution would take place. Just think of about fifteen hundred people, more or less, clamoring for a share. Penning these lines in haste, I leave the reader to imagine the dilemma of my friends, and how, at this distance, I can enjoy, to them, a terrible ordeal.



The Democratic Convention Very Tame Indeed.--No Competition Whatever.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The Democrats of Cowley County met at the Courthouse Saturday to go through the same old farce of nominating a county ticket to be easily defeated by the Republicans: a sequel inevitable in grand old Republican Cowley. About fifty delegates were present, with a small audience of visitors. J. L. Andrews, of Maple City, was chosen chairman and Ed Gage secretary. Everything was as tranquil as a May morning. The office went round hunting its man, as usual in Democratic conventions in Cowley. Nobody could smell meat, and didn't care to sacrifice themselves on the party altar. The convention was exceedingly tame--no opposition whatever. The following nominations were unanimously made.

For sheriff, Capt. C. G. Thompson, of Arkansas City.

Treasurer, Rudolph Hite, of Dexter.

Register of Deeds, John Ledlie, of Burden.

County Clerk, Fred C. Hunt, of Winfield.

Coroner, Dr. T. B. Tandy, of Winfield.

Surveyor, J. W. Weeks, of Udall.

The Democratic County Central Committee for the coming year stands as follows.

Arkansas City: Geo. R. Westfall, T. E. Braggins, Peter Wycoff, and C. M. McIntire.

Winfield: Capt. Gary, H. S. Silvers, Geo. Crippen, and J. B. Lynn.

Creswell: W. J. Abbott.

East Bolton: Amos Walton.

Cedar: Martin Dale.

Dexter: W. J. Hardwick.

Richland: R. W. Stevens.

Harvey: J. A. Primrose.

Maple: A. J. Walck.

Omnia: E. Harned.

Windsor: G. W. Gardenhire.

Silverdale: O. S. Gibson.

Silver Creek: John Ledlie.

Tisdale: Bacon.

Sheridan: W. M. Smith.

Spring Creek: J. L. Andrews.

Walnut: J. R. Smith.

Vernon: J. Scott Baker.

Ninnescah: L. M. Buffington.

Pleasant Valley: [No one listed.]

Rock: Jeff Williams.

Fairview: H. C. Shock.

Beaver: Garnett Burke.

Liberty: M. Calkins.

Otter: Wm. Gammon.

The committee met, after the convention adjourned, and elected Capt. S. G. Gary, of this city, chairman, and C. M. McIntire, of A. C., secretary.

The delegates of the 2nd Commissioners district also met and unanimously selected Amos Walton for commissioner.


The Democratic convention last Saturday, adopted the following declarations.

First. The Democracy of Cowley County, Kansas, in convention assembled, do endorse and heartily approve The National platform of 1884, and also the platform of the Democracy of the State of Kansas and the policy of President Cleveland in the adoption of civil service reform and the removal from office of offensive partisans.

Second. We are opposed to class and individual legislation at the expense of the laboring, wealth-producing people of the country.

Third. We are in favor of more rigid economy in the administration of county offices and a reduction of salaries of county officers to a point not in excess of ordinary profits of legitimate business and we demand that the office of County Auditor be abolished.

Fourth. We approve of the careful, economical, and prudent course of Amos Walton as just, fair, and commendable in his efforts to reduce county expenditures, while a member of the Board of County Commissioners.

Fifth. We are opposed to prohibition and in favor of high license and local option.

Sixth. That in President Cleveland the country has found a man of solid judgment, conscientious integrity, unswerving fidelity, patriotism, and courage and equal to that of Andrew Jackson, and in his efforts for economy, for the exposure of the criminal acts of the Republican party and its officers; for his unflinching firmness in dealing with the cattle kings; for his zeal in behalf of reform; for his efforts to save the public lands for settlers; for his effort to enforce the law against polygamy, and for his constant watchfulness of the public welfare, in such a way as to receive the hearty thanks of the Democracy of Cowley County and its unswerving support. And with these principles we come before the people of Cowley County calling upon all to unite with us in bringing about these results, to which we are hereby pledged.


Who are they anyhow?

No speeches, no enthusiasm--no nothing.

Not who will we take--who can we get? Nominate anybody who'll have it. There's no show anyhow.

But one of the nominees of the convention was present. The rest will be notified in time to accept before the election.

"Too good a thing to let go out of the family. If I can't get it, may be Fred, Democratic for revenue only, can." County Clerk Hunt.

The delegates didn't appear to care a continental who was nominated, and took whoever turned up without a murmur. They knew it all a huge farce anyhow.

"Pa was there and smiled as nicely as you please when Dr. Cole nominated me. But how in the nation can Pa support me after that card he published in THE COURIER?"--Fred Hunt.

Walter Seaver, of the Telegram, was the only fellow in the convention who could write, and his chicken scratches would make Horace Greeley faint, could he see them.

Ye Gods! Compare the two tickets!! The kid against the staunch old soldier; corpulency against the big hearted, eloquent, and public spirited Tom Soward; a man almost unknown against the popular and enterprising Capt. Nipp, and old soldier and a patriot--and so on clear through.

It was as tame and timid as a little lamb, but when the election is over the candidates will think it too darned easy to be "lamed." "I didn't know he was a Democrat" is the expression regarding several of the nominees. 'Twas ever thus. When did a Democratic convention find timber enough in their own ranks.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

This little squib caught our eye in the A. C. Democrat. That it is a lie, anybody of sane mind knows. Winfield has no real estate men with brains shallow enough or judgment thin enough to depreciate any part of our splendid county: "The prominent citizens from this place while on a trip to Winfield recently stepped into a real estate office and very innocently made some inquiries respecting the size and prosperity of Arkansas City. In answer to their inquiries, the gentlemen were somewhat surprised to learn that Arkansas City was a passive, unpretentious little village situated on an isolated sand hill, and with a population of about 1,500. Verily these Winfield real estate agents are too honest to make a great success."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The office of P. H. Albright & Co. is being opened up by double folding doors throwing the three rooms in one, when necessary. This is one of the most commodious and pleasant offices in the city.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The following we clip from the Wellington Press. It will explain to some of our impatient citizens and subscribers to the telephone circuit the reason of non-action on the part of the telephone company.

"There has been much complaint recently made by subscribers to the Circuit Telephone company that no work is being done. Those having money deposited to advance the interest of the scheme have become impatient, as they had a right to be, but the following letter explains matters satisfactorily and the entire line, embracing Wichita, Wellington, and Winfield and all intermediate points will soon be completed.

"United Telephone Company, General Office, Kansas City, Missouri,

"September 27, 1885

"Jno. G. Woods, Esq., Wellington, Kansas.

"Dear Sir: We are delayed in the building of our line by the non-arrival of poles. We are promised them in about 10 days, and will push the work as rapidly as possible; all the other material is on hand. Yours, W. W. Smith, General Superintendent."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

A COURIER representative circulated around Wichita, the windy wonder of the southwest, Wednesday. Wichita shows substantial growth all over. In business houses and business bustle, she is certainly a great city--nearly as great as Winfield will be in a few years, with her network of railroads, public improvements, and commercial importance. In fine residences Wichita is deficient, though her residences are all neat, and embowered in leafy verdure. Wichita's Fair Grounds and park hardly bear comparison to those of our city: far inferior, without the natural advantages for much improvement. The boating course of Riverside Park is its best attraction. The new Manhattan hotel, corner of Douglass and Topeka avenues, is a magnificent hostelry, one of the best this side of Kansas City. Everything about it is new and elegant and Messrs. M. O.& F. S. Roberts, the proprietors, run it in truly metropolitan style. Wichita's lack of stone pavements is a very noticeable deficiency to a Winfieldite.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The evidence in the above named case on which final preliminary action took place Wednesday, was very queer. Wednesday's trial was the third attempt to collect all the evidence, none of which would even justify Ben's arrest, let alone conviction. He has been compelled to lay here for the last thirty days at a heavy expense and much inconvenience. His stock of goods, which he was handling at Hazelton, was necessarily removed here, where he could place it in someone's hands that was trustworthy. It all looks very odd to us and when everything is summed up, it looks like nothing less than a low blackmailing scheme in which someone was foiled.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Your correspondent had the pleasure of handling a few days since, some very interesting relics which were gathered from all parts of the world by Capt. Rodgers, father of Ernest Rodgers, the energetic young farmer of Vernon. Some of them were as follows: A pair of Chinese shoes, made of wood with leather buckle, singular for their size and neatness, brought by the Captain from China thirty years ago; a piece of wood brought from the tomb of Napoleon Bonaparte on the island of St. Helena; a veritable ostrich egg found in the Desert of Sahara, and a Turkish hubble-bubble (smoke pipe) consisting of a beautiful ornamented vase with metal bowl at the top for tobacco, and a morocco tube highly wrought, through which the smoke is drawn. Through the proverbial hospitality of Mrs. Gardner, we were allowed the pleasure of taking an old-fashioned (?) smoke from this interesting pipe brought by her former husband from Alexandria, Egypt. The sensations were peculiar; we felt at once that we were an oriental khedive of the whole Ottoman empire. Another was not the sword, but a sword used at the battle of Bunker Hill, of an antique and historic character. Lastly was a chip of stone from Pompey's Pillar in Alexandria, and which is a twin relic of Cleopatra Needle. Mr. Rodgers is also possessor of the finest collection of sea shells and nautical curiosities probably to be found in the county, all forming a cabinet valuable and full of interest from their association and exotic character, which it was good for your correspondent to see.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

A short session of the District Court was held Thursday by Judge Pro Tem Dalton. The sheriff's sale in W. C. Robinson vs. Andrew J. Cress was confirmed. Minnie Taylor was given a divorce from W. L. Taylor, on grounds of abandonment. James McDermott, Jos. O'Hare, and Lovell H. Webb were appointed to examine Aus. F. Hopkins and P. M. Storms for admission to the bar. The examination is unfinished at this writing Court will adjourn to next Monday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Cowley has one man who out-hog's any two-legged hog we have yet heard of. He had a very fine peach display at the fair, some of which the committee were very anxious to take east with our fruit display. They so informed him, but as soon as he could, he gathered them in his basket and took them away. Considering the fact that our fruit exhibit at Indianapolis is for the benefit of the whole community, the action is a very small one.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Married, at the Baptist parsonage Thursday, by Rev. J. H. Reider, Mr. Oscar Cochran (brother of Ed., Jap, and Jethro, of this city), to Miss Fannie C. Headrick. They are both well known in this city. Mr. Cochran is a young man of promise and has made a wise choice in the selection of a companion. They left on the morning train for Anthony, their future home. May their future be as blessed as the present is now promising.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Those of our fellows who have got back from the Topeka Soldiers' Reunion report an immense time. Over twenty-five thousand people from everywhere were in Topeka Wednesday and Thursday was expected to be the biggest day of all. The parade of the Flambeau clubs, Wednesday, was a grand display. Senator Hackney delivered several fine speeches during his two days' chase of the festive bean around the camp-fire.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

President Jas. F. Martin writes THE COURIER from Indianapolis, dated at 4 o'clock Tuesday: "Just arrived. Rained nearly all night, but has not rained here. The people here expect a very large fair. We will repair to the grounds as early as we can get there. We still hope to down the Hoosiers on fruit."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

It is our impartial and unbiased (?) judgment that the Winfield Weekly COURIER is the neatest, handsomest newspaper printed in the United States, and back our opinion by the offer of a thousand dollars for a copy of a better looking paper, ourselves to be the judges.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Died, on the 23rd ult., at the home of her parents in Winfield, Eva Amanda, infant daughter of Charles F. and Anna F. Warner. The funeral services were held at the parents' home near the Stewart Hotel, on the 25th, ult., conducted by Rev. J. H. Reider, assisted by Rev. R. F. Brady.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Postmaster Rembaugh has at last received a case of postal cards, about half the order of August 10th. The post offices of the county generally have been out of postal cards all this time. The economy of the present administration is something wonderful.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The DAILY COURIER had full and complete reports of the fair from day to day, and are deserving of great credit for the manner in which they got up their reports. The work evinces the handle and brains of well drilled newspaper men. Telegram.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mrs. Helen M. Gougar is so pleased with Winfield, its society, and prospects that she is trying to buy some property here to provide for a time when she may want a pleasant home in a live enterprising, moral, and law abiding city.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Arthur Bangs and Bert Crapster left Saturday for a week in St. Louis. They will take in the St. Louis Fair, which begins Monday. The veiled prophets will appear Tuesday night.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

R. E. Brooking has left THE COURIER a triune apple. The three are perfectly joined, though nicely formed and smooth. These triplets are certainly a rare freak of nature.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The telephone people are being delayed with their Wichita line on account of poles. They will rush it up in about a week.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The post office has a bran new Republican bag rack. It is a great improvement over the old one.


Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

A. J. Werden was down from Udall Friday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

E. G. Kimball was over from Burden Thursday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

V. M. Ayres was up from Arkansas City last Wednesday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Wm. B. Norman was down from Udall Thursday, on various "biz."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Capt. Stevens, one of Richland's prosperous farmers near Floral, was in the city Thursday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

George Ropes, State Architect, is at the Brettun, here, on business relating to the imbecile asylum.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mr. John Ireland, formerly of this place but now of Wellington, is stopping in the city for a few days.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Miss Jennie Thompson, who has been visiting Robert Allison, returned to her home in Missouri Thursday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mrs. Capt. Gary left Thursday for Oskaloosa and Osceola, Iowa, for a month with relatives and old friends.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mrs. C. A. Bliss returned from Topeka Friday, where she has been visiting her folks and taking in the reunion.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Judging from the Wellington papers, our friend, A. D. Speed, is doing a pretty thriving business in his hotel at that place.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mr. Emmet North, of Columbia City, Indiana, is now in the employ of Mr. J. N. Harter. Mr. North comes highly recommended.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

H. P. Farrar filed a case in the District Court on Friday against V. M. Ayres to recover $5,100 on three promissory notes.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

J. E. Conklin, J. J. Carson, T. A. Blanchard, Dr. Pickens, and others got home from the Topeka Soldiers' Reunion Thursday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Dr. Fitch, the big telescope man, left Thursday for Wichita to see if his instrument will magnify the town up to sixteen thousand.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

L. F. Chandler, of Oxford, was here Thursday. He called at this office and left the lucre for a year's subscription to THE COURIER.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Harold Mansfield, formerly of Winfield, is now the efficient and popular cashier at the banking house of A. C. Jobes, at Attica, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

W. M. Boyer, formerly of Winfield, has been at McPherson a week and is very low with Bright's disease, and it is not expected that he will long survive.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Senator Hackney and Chas. C. Black came down from Topeka on the Santa Fe, branching off at Mulvane, the Senator for Wellington and Chas. C. Black for Belle Plaine.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

J. F. McMullen returned Thursday from Topeka. He reports our boys having a big time and that the attendance is large. The Juvenile Band, especially, is admired.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Col. J. B. Cook, of Chetopa, is in the city. He is a prominent member of the Kansas Legislature and a director of the D., M. & A. His visit to Winfield is in the interests of the D., M. & A.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Capt. Nipp, Judge Soward, Samuel Smedley, John McGuire, and John Ledlie and others got home from the Topeka reunion Friday, badly worn out, but highly elated over the big time enjoyed.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Dr. Geo. Emerson and Dr. T. B. Tandy have formed a partnership in the practice of medicine. They will have office rooms over Harter's drug store. These gentlemen are well known as physicians of high standing.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

H. C. Wherritt, after a week's visit with the family of A. D. Hendricks, left for his home, Pleasant Hill, Mo., taking with him little Harry, son of Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Hendricks. He was delighted with Winfield.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

O. J. Dougherty has retired from the coal yard of J. L. Dennis & Co., his place being filled by F. M. Dennis, a brother of J. L. Dennis. O. J. Dougherty will open a yard on Ninth Avenue east, on his own hook. He is a rustler and will readily succeed.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mr. J. H. Gest, of the firm of Smedley & Gest, Winfield Fence Works, left Thursday for Chicago and the east, to be gone a few days. We have an inkling that a fair and wealthy widow lady of Knox County, Ohio, is the magnet that is drawing our friend away.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Joseph Hutchins, a brother of the Hutchins boys in Arkansas City, is in the city introducing a patent buggy spring, his own patent. It certainly is a very easy spring. There is only one spring to a buggy, extending from axle to axle. It is a novel invention.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The S. G. Martin farm in Pleasant Valley township was sold Thursday through Harris and Clark to W. H. Merritt, of Louisiana, for $8,300.00 cash. Mr. Merritt is a very wealthy gentleman and knows a good investment when he sees it. Harris & Clark are making things boom in the real estate line this fall.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Henry Goldsmith is preparing to make his book store one of the finest in the west, as soon as the postoffice is out. He is having new shelving made throughout, to be handsomely adorned in ebony and gilt. Henry means to make a palace book store, for which he has the room, enterprise, and taste.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mrs. Bishop has resigned her position as manager of the Central Telephone office. Mrs. Bishop has filled the office well and has given general satisfaction. Being in poor health, she was compelled to take a rest. W. T. Rowlin takes her place and no doubt will fulfill the duty to the satisfaction of all.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mr. H. D. Syron is preparing to erect a fine residence on his farm in Vernon. It will be a beauty and cost about eighteen hundred dollars. Mr. Syron completed a fine barn last year and made many other substantial improvements, all from the profits of his farm. And still some croakers say farming don't pay. It is the most productive and independent calling on earth.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

S. Kleeman had a little fire Thursday evening: one that came near being very serious. In lighting the window gas jet, the cock was turned on too long before the match struck it. The escaping gas of course filled the window and when the match was lit, all was a flash. It was soon smothered out, but not until it had considerably mutilated the nicely trimmed window.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Walter Seaver, the quill driver on the Telegram, has certainly got it. Gone entire; we don't know what else it could be called by. It's too bad, though we didn't think his case so serious. Listen to this: "The action of the COURIER in ascribing the authorship of 'The Gilded Age' to Bret Harte is about as ridiculous as the case of John Phoenix saying Shakespeare was the author of Byron's 'Pilgrims Progress.'"

THE COURIER has never ascribed the authorship of "The Gilded Age" to Bret Harte or anyone else, for that matter. The ridiculous part is on your side. Better clean the cob-webs from your eyes, Walter, you are off this time sure.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

A. F. Hopkins and P. M. Starnes were examined in the District Court Thursday by a committee composed of James McDermott, Lovell H. Webb, and Joseph O'Hare, appointed by Judge Pro Tem Dalton, and admitted to the bar as counselors at law in the courts of Kansas. Their examination was highly creditable, showing a keen studiousness that will do much toward pushing them to the front in legal affairs. They have the zeal and ambition, which, if properly applied, insures success with increasing years. They are of our best young men, in good character and general attainments, and their admission to the bar, with credit and honor, is the legitimate result of the labor and determination that make our most successful men.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Messrs. Fitzgerald and Mallory together with Mr. J. J. Burns, the two former gentlemen contractors of the D., M. & A., and the latter vice president of the above named road, made THE COURIER a pleasant call Thursday. An effort will be made to make Winfield their construction headquarters, bringing their supplies over the S. W. from St. Louis. This will be a feasible matter in a few days. The K. C. & S. W. track will be in this city by Saturday. The feasibility of this matter is not the only good feature either. Instead of all the supplies going to Wichita and then down on the Santa Fe to Belle Plaine, at least 80 or 90 miles out of the way, it can be transferred from the Frisco road at Beaumont to the S. W. and run down here in much less time and with considerably less trouble. Besides Winfield is a much better point for getting their incidental supplies.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Thursday a couple of strange women entered the New York store and were waited upon by Mr. Baird. Mr. Nelson was out collecting and only Mr. Baird and the boy were there. The women seemed to be quite respectable and Mr. Baird did not think it necessary to watch with an eagle's eye. The women soon went out. Mr. Nelson, upon coming in, noticed that a particular shawl was "nix cum rouse." This reminded Mr. Baird that he noted a shawl upon her arm that corresponded with the lost one. The kid was sent out to run them down and they were found down street. Mr. Nelson asked the woman where she got the shawl. She replied in Illinois, but finally she owned up that probably she might have made a mistake and picked up a new one instead of her old one. Coming back to the store, she searched for her old one, but couldn't find it. The women are supposed to be some campers in the west part of town. At least they made rapid tracks for that part of the city--not to return.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mrs. Gougar lectured at the Baptist church Friday evening to a large audience, considering that scarcely over twenty-four hours notice was given. The audience was intelligent and appreciative and received many new ideas on the conditions and prospects of the leading reforms which re in issue before the American people. The lecture was a resume of the relations of Woman Suffrage to other important reforms and its necessity to the complete success of prohibition. Her arguments were sound and unanswerable. Her subject was not one of those in which she arouses applause and enthusiasm by her wit and eloquence, and the character of the audience and of the place seemed to forbid such demonstrations, but it was a strong and eloquent appeal to the friends of temperance and moral reform to unite to carry the municipal suffrage bill in our legislature and the submission of an amendment to the State constitution striking out the word male from the suffrage clause. She thinks it possible to pass both at the special session of our legislature next winter, and pleads that it would be a fit thing that the State which was the first factor in the abolition of slavery and the first to adopt constitutional prohibition, should be the first state to adopt impartial suffrage, the great reform which includes the practical success of all others.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The wolf hunt Friday afternoon was hardly as exciting as the seventy-five or a hundred spectators and dozen or more participants anticipated. The wolf was too gentle, two scared, or something. When turned out of the barrel, he surveyed the scene with appalling calmness, and didn't light out with the lightning rapidity hoped for. Once started, however, he made a pretty lively forty-mile dash, when the fifteen hounds were turned loose on him, taking him in without much strain. The dogs wounded the wolf up in a few moments, and last evening the corpse of the assassinated animal was stretched out in front of Whiting's butcher shop. A jack rabbit chase would have made four times the excitement.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Geo. C. Rembaugh, P. M., has received a daisy distributing table for the post office. It is one that the late postmaster had been figuring on a year to get the postmaster general to make an allowance of about $70 to pay for it. He finally succeeded but too late to enjoy the fun of distributing mail on it. We will not describe it, but George will take pleasure in showing it to you.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Will R. Stivers, brother of our George, and highly esteemed in Winfield as formerly one of "our boys," led to the altar of matrimony on Thursday at Fredonia, Miss Edith M. Condat, one of that city's most accomplished and winsome young ladies. Will is one of the best boys in the land, including everything--brilliant, sturdy, and natty. Congratulations will be many and warm. Here's our old boy, and may you live long, prosperously, and happily in the blissful wedded bonds.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Fred C. Hunt, of Winfield, with Jarvis, Conklin & Co., spent Monday night in the city. Fred and the writer hereof at one time played sweet on the same girl, bought gum-drops at the same confectionery stand, "writ" valentines to the same girls, and otherwise conducted themselves as brother dudes in society. Caldwell Journal.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The first touch of frigidity swooped down on us Friday, doubling humanity up in a double bow knot, and reminding one of red-hot stoves and gigantic coal bills. The linen-duster and straw hat have about taken their last tearful farewell, though winter proper never sets in in this climate till nearly December first.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. O. Branham and daughter got home Saturday from a most delightful two months ramble along the entire Rio Grande system, clear down into Old Mexico. They also took in the northern lakes and visited a while in Indiana. They returned greatly refreshed and elated over the magnificent trip they enjoyed.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mrs. Searcy was coming in to town Saturday over the north bridge when her horse scared at some boys in trees near the road and backed off the embankment, throwing the buggy over and mixing things up generally. For a wonder no one was hurt.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Take a slip of paper and place thereon, in figures, your age in years, dropping months, weeks, and days, multiply this sum by 2, then add to the result the number 3,768, add 2, and then divide by 2. From this result subtract your age, and see if you don't obtain figures you are not likely to forget.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Will Franklin and Winfield Crum, young men from Burden, have opened a billiard and lunch hall in Seward's frame building on east 9th avenue.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Miss Lizzie Jones, of Columbus, Ohio, is visiting her mother, Mrs. A. Defenbaugh, and her brothers, James and Will Jones.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

A. H. Lacy and wife are here from Canton, Kansas, visiting friends. They are much pleased with the appearance of our city.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

How dear to my heart is the old family bible that stood on the table so solemn and still; where oft I've hid everything I thought liable to fall into the hands of my bad brother, Bill. How ardent I've seized it with eyes that were glowing and shook its bright pages till out my things fell; but now all its charming old secrets are going, with the new fangled bible, the twenty-cent bible, the new revised bible that says sheol for hell.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Cattle are being rolled east over the S. K. road at the rate of twenty-five cars daily. With corn in abundance, as large in the ear as cord wood, with wheat enough to lead the nation, fat cattle and hogs enough to bring millions of dollars, the great state of Kansas is as far from a famine as the highest peak of the mountains in the moon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The beautiful and charming watermelon which has been the leading fruit for the last three months is about ready to take its leave until next year and on its journey hence it will be accompanied by the deceitful and mischief making muskmelon that we have learned by bitter experience to abhor.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Wichita and Wellington are about to put up a thousand dollars in gold each, to prove that either place is the commercial center. Neither place will hardly win the wager, as Winfield promises to leave them both badly in the shade in that regard. Udall Sentinel.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The smoky, hazy atmosphere of the Autumn season is spread over the land, reminding us that the time has again rolled around for all vegetable life to perish, and that we will soon be compelled to retire from filling the vacant places in the stomach with watermelons.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

A good many are complaining of the condition of the west bridge. It has several holes in it. Someone will go through sooner or later and someone will have to put up. Get a move on and repair it.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The ground for the new Methodist college will be broken next week.


Interesting Letter From Jas. F. Martin, Cowley's Fruit Exhibit the Big

Attraction of the Indiana State Fair.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

James F. Martin, one of the committee who accompanied Cowley County's grand fruit display to the Indian State Fair at Indianapolis, writes THE COURIER as follows, dated the 29th ult. "Well, the day's duty is done and everything highly satisfactory. I never unpacked so fine a lot of fruit in regard to size, appearance, and condition. Most of our peaches were as fresh and beautiful as when they were first wrapped in paper. The fruit exhibit is large: I would say about six times greater than Cowley's fruit exhibit at our county fair. When we consider this is a State fair, held in the midst of an old fruit region and that here are old fruit growers and experienced fruit exhibitors who have public spirit enough to make them do their level best in whatever they engage, the fruit show is small indeed; and when compared to Cowley's fruit, in size and general appearance and freedom from blemishes, it is quite inferior. The states of Michigan, Ohio, and Indiana, also county and individual displays, are here in contrast and competition. We have no fear of any competition except the Indiana state horticultural, and if she takes the prize, it will be only from having a greater number of named varieties, especially, in pears. The awards will be made tomorrow, but the visiting public constantly awards ours as being the finest ever beheld here. Not a peach is on exhibition except ours, and the visitors are so captivated with their beauty and fragrance that we are led to think that many of them have not enjoyed such a sight for many years. This is a fine city and grand old country; but in contrast, ours is as a maiden of great beauty and future promise. She has nothing of which she need be ashamed, standing as she does, admiring and being admired everywhere."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Standing down at Wheeler's blacksmith shop, east Ninth avenue, is a vehicle whose history is parallel with that of the James gang and various Missouri marauders. It is a primitive stage coach, and is owned by Cal. Ferguson. It was run out of Springfield, Missouri, behind six mules, way back in 1861, when the bloody rebellion was terrorizing the country. Its history indicates many bloody wars in its walls, and that the James gang have plundered its passengers numerously. The old stage shows some wicked bullet holes--yet it stands, the dumb history of romantic years. It is built on the order of the old dime novel stage coach-- heavy spliced-leather springs, axles principally wood--everything indicating the days when the mechanical art was very infantile. Cal. has had the old relic on his territory route for some years, but its days of usefulness are ended. With gray hairs, tottering form, and a whispered story on its lips, it will soon pass into the unknown. Go down and look at it.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Reuben and Florence Hutchinson were lodged in our bastille Thursday, charged with stealing four head of steers in Chautauqua County. They sold two of the steers to George Gardenhire and two to J. M. Jackson, of eastern Cowley. The prisoners are young brothers of twenty-five and twenty-eight years old, and have no earthly possessions--not even wives. They live on the Big Cana. They claim that they were coming up to Torrance, met a man with a bunch of cattle, and bought four, to make a little speculation on. The owners of the steers, near neighbors of the Hutchinson boys, followed the cattle up and claimed the property. Gardenhire and Jackson then proceeded to gobble the thieves, and as a result, the Hutchinson brothers look out from the iron bars, with dark prospects. Their little speculation was a bigger one than they expected.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.


Below are two more ads re drugs...


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mr. G. E. Bryan, No. 151 Putnam St., Cleveland, Ohio, has naturally much experience in sickness--with a family of 7 children, and his doctors' and druggists' bills are heavy. He states publicly that he has given Red Star Cough Cure a thorough trial in his home, and finds it to be the best remedy that he has ever used for coughs or colds. It contains neither morphia nor opium, and therefore leaves no depressing effects.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mr. J. M. McCann, of Bridgeport, West Virginia, a contributor to poultry journals of the United States and Canada, and a large chicken raiser, says from experience that if St. Jacob's Oil is mixed with dough and fed to poultry suffering from chicken cholera, all that are able to swallow will be restored to health, and if saturated pills are forced down the throats of those that cannot swallow, they will flap their wings and crow in your face.




For County Treasurer, J. B. NIPP.

For Register of Deeds, T. H. SOWARD.

For Sheriff, G. H. McINTIRE.

For County Clerk, S. J. SMOCK.

For County Surveyor, N. A. HAIGHT.

For Coroner, H. L. WELLS.

For County Commissioner (2nd District), J. D. GUTHRIE.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mr. J. D. Guthrie, of Bolton township, is the Republican nominee for County Commissioner from the 2nd district of this county. He is eminently fit for the office, being a man of sound judgment, well acquainted with the ways of the world, and with the wants of the county; intelligent and enterprising and at the same time economical. He is a real farmer and deeply in sympathy with the taxpayers and will be a great improvement on the lawyer-politician who now encumbers the position and is the Democratic candidate for re-election. We should suppose that Guthrie would get every Republican vote and the votes of the better class of the Democrats. We believe he will be elected by a handsome majority, and will honor the office and merit and receive the hearty approval of his constituents.

He has just returned from Indianapolis, where he has been one of the four to exhibit the Cowley County Horticultural display, and his ability and enthusiasm did much to make our county famous in the Hoosier State, and to give it a national reputation for that matter. He is a pleasant, genial man, whom everyone who knows him likes, and yet he is firm in his convictions of duty.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

As we have remarked before, it is utterly impossible for a newspaper in Kansas to attempt a fair and just criticism of an office-holding Republican, and not be abused for it, as it is for the average Kansas newspaper to refrain from lying about the crops.

Eldorado Republican.

That's stuff and nonsense, Bro. Murdock, and you know it. Nobody objects to "a just and fair criticism" of anybody or anything. It is the unfairness and injustice that the people object to. When an alleged criticism bristles all over with malice, and hate and disappointment, and vindictiveness, everybody who is not inspired by similar motives, laughs. An angry man cannot be answered--he will not be answered. The madder a man becomes, the greater fool he makes of himself, and so the only response necessary to be made to an angry man's utterances is to shake a red rag in his face--that is, to laugh at him, boo-hoo at him, "abuse" him, if that expression is preferred.

Brother Murdock has started out to settle a real or fancied old score with Mr. Ryan, the able, industrious, and patriotic member of congress from this district. The character of his fault finding thus far has served only to call attention to the fact that he, Brother Murdock, is a man with a grievance--vulgarly expressed, a man with a sore head. The mails in the vicinity of Butler County are unreliable, so Bro. Murdock alleges, hence down with Mr. Ryan! The mails in the vicinity of Newton and Wichita, Mr. Peters' district, are unreliable, so Brother Murdock alleges; hence down with Mr. Ryan! The mails way out on the Union Pacific, within the political jurisdiction of Congressmen Anderson and Hanback, are unreliable, so Brother Murdock alleges; hence down with Mr. Ryan! New, fresh, and inexperienced Democratic postmasters, route agents, and clerks are being appointed at the rate of many scores per day, without regard to Mr. Ryan's wishes--the natural result is the service becomes deranged, inefficient, and abominable, Brother Murdock does not allege; but, at all events, hence down with Mr. Ryan! The great human family is subject to other ills, so Brother Murdock alleges; hence down with Mr. Ryan! Now, the truth of the matter is, it is Bro. Murdock's duty as a loyal Republican to charge all these delinquencies upon the present administration. He could do this with perfect safety and without any fear of being "abused" except by the ungodly Democracy, and abuse from that quarter, as Brother Murdock well knows, would be a crown of everlasting glory!

Osage County is well enough pleased with Mr. Ryan. She has no ambitious citizens who desire to wear his shoes--at least, none who have had the frankness to say so--our mail service, with the exception of the pardonable mistakes of our new Democratic postmasters are very satisfactory, and there is no man in the Fourth Congressional district that she would trade off for, except for big booty. And this is probably the sentiment that will animate her delegates in the next congressional convention! Osage City Free Press.

We want to say that neither Kansas nor any other State ever had a more industrious and efficient representative in Congress than Tom Ryan. He has looked to the interests of his constituents in every particular, and has accomplished almost everything he has undertaken. If there is anything wrong in relation to the mails or any other service, it is not his fault nor within his power nor that of any other member to prevent it.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

We allowed the boys to have their little bit of fun Saturday over the nomination of Fred Hunt for County Clerk, but we want to say in all seriousness that we know J. S. Hunt well and that he is equal to the occasion. We know that he does not approve of Fred's candidacy and though it places the Captain in a very delicate situation, he will support the Republican nominee ably and earnestly. He is a Republican in every bone and fiber, and his head is not the least bit sore. He has been an officer in our county second to none in efficiency and popularity and can be relied upon in every emergency. We honor him and will bet on him every time.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The "offensive partisans" continue to resign and such mild mannered partisans as Martin N. Sinnott are taking their places. In yesterday's list of Presidential appointments we find: M. N. Sinnott, Arkansas City, vice J. C. Topliff, resigned; B. F. Devore, Independence, vice W. T. Yoe, resigned; T. A. McCreary, Medicine Lodge, vice W. D. Van Slyke, resigned; S. S. Carey, Harper, vice J. O. Graham, resigned; T. R. Love, Wellington, vice J. J. Coffman, resigned; C. Campbell, Florence, vice W. A. Standford, resigned. This about closes out the list for this section of Kansas except Marsh Murdock, of Wichita, who, as a partisan, is not the least bit offensive.


The next article was almost impossible to read. There were scratches on paper that almost obliterated numbers. Further, article gave "1886" instead of "1885" in the second line.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Gov. Martin's speech at the Peabody fair was full of interesting statistics. Some of the figures, for the year 1885 show the wonderful development of the state. Assessed value, $148,820,272--increase on 1884, $11,805,505; the value on real estate increase represents nearly [? 6,000,000 or 0,000,000] of this sum. The railroad property is valued at $30,569,820, an increase of [? $3,911,912], and we have 1,480 miles of completed railroad. All this was the growth of the past year. After showing the advance westward of the rain line from the Blue River, thirty years ago, to the foot hills now, he stated that the belt kept pace with the plow and the settlement.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

L. M. Williams took the S. K. Saturday evening for Boston and New York to buy goods and bring his wife and family home, who are now in New Hampshire.


Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mr. J. L. Higbee was in Winfield Saturday.

Miss Lolly Haywood is very sick with the erysipelas.

Elmer Swim has been visiting his many friends here for the past week.

Link Branson is visiting his parents in Eureka this week.

Jim Haywood was in Winfield Saturday.

Mr. Will Taylor, who has been up at Latham for several weeks, returned home Saturday night to remain for the present.

Will Frazier and Scott Weaverling, two of Burden's nicest young men, were over Sunday.

Mr. Jones, Horman, and McLellan, of Cambridge, attended the Mite Saturday night.

Mr. Reynolds talks some of removing his family to Ford County. We would be sorry to lose them.

Messrs. James and McKee and Miss Lou Jarvis, of Dexter, attended the Mite Saturday night.

Mr. Burden and Lou Hutton were at Capital Hill Sunday.

The Mite will meet with the Misses Haygood Saturday evening.

There is talk of an oyster supper here about two weeks from Friday.

There were two young ladies out horse back riding Sunday, but I won't give them away.

School commenced here Monday morning with H. O. Norton and Mattie Rittenhouse, teachers. We wish them success.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Sowing wheat is the order of the day.

An infant child of Mr. and Mrs. Leffler died Sunday.

Old Mr. Booth is seriously sick.

Mrs. Ella Ellinwood, of Topeka, has been visiting friends in this vicinity. The writer had a pleasant call from her while here.

Mr. Fred Secrest and sister, Minnie, spent Saturday in Winfield.

Rev. Bourges, the Baptist minister, is talking of organizing a church in Dexter.

There is a new cattle firm started up on Grouse creek, and will be known as W. P. Hardwick & Son. He arrived two weeks ago, weighs seven pounds, and yells for Cleveland. All parties doing well.

S. H. Wells and Joe Church attended the reunion at Topeka. They report a big time.

Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Johnson visited Mrs. L. Bullington Sunday.

Dexter is making big preparations for the reunion to be held here the 15th, 16th, and 17th of October. Everybody invited to come.

There was a Sunday school convention held at the schoolhouse Sunday afternoon for the purpose of making a permanent organization of the Sunday schools of the southeastern part of the county. Mr. L. J. Johnson was elected president and Rev. N. E. Rankin vice-president. There were delegates from several Sunday Schools present, but were not all in the district represented. After making all arrangements they adjourned to meet the first Friday in November at 2 o'clock. We think this is a good plan and hope that it will be successful. Let all come out and make it interesting.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

S. H. Wells is attending the reunion at Topeka.

Mr. R. S. Kaster has been quite sick for several days.

Mrs. Shermie Henderson visited her parents Saturday.

Quite a number of our citizens were in Winfield Saturday.

Miss Lucy Hite has commenced her school in Fairview township.

Dr. Wagner and wife are entertaining a handsome baby girl at their house.

Hoping everybody and his wife attended the fair and had a jolly time, I will close.

Rev. Rankin's family will be here this week and they will reside in the Presbyterian parsonage.

Jesse Hines is beginning to wear a long face of late: his better half has gone to visit in Illinois.

Building still continues. Messrs. Service & Gary are building quite an addition to their store. Also John Clifton is putting an addition to his livery stable. John has just put up the first street lamp in town in front of his barn.

Mr. Sam Nicholson and Miss Maggie Williams were united in marriage Tuesday evening, Willis Elliott performing the ceremony that will henceforth cause "two hearts to beat as one." We wish them a long and happy married life.

Rev. Burgis, Baptist minister, of Butler, Missouri, has been preaching in Dexter and vicinity for the past week. He is a very interesting speaker and a fine gentleman and is highly pleased with our part of Kansas. He is a guest of I. D. Salmons while here.

Mrs. Reynolds, wife of Thomas Reynolds, living near Torrance, died last Thursday and was buried Friday in the Dexter cemetery. Rev. Warner made some touching and very appropriate remarks at the grave. She leaves a husband and several children to mourn her loss.


Henry Mowry Admitted to $7,000 Bail.--The Case Presented and Ably Argued.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The case of the State against Henry Mowry, charged with the murder of J. P. Smith at Arkansas City, in August, came up before Judge Dalton yesterday afternoon, and was continued to the next term of the District Court and the defendant admitted to $7,000 bail. The State's evidence as given at the preliminary examination was presented to the Court by the defending attorneys, Senator Jennings, of this city, and W. E. Stanley, of Wichita, to show a bailable case, County Attorney Asp holding out against. In addition to the stenographic evidence, Senator Jennings, who had examined the Godfrey premises at Arkansas City, put a new phase on the matter by swearing that Mowry fired into Godfrey's house through the window of a room in which he couldn't help but know, being familiar with the house, neither Godfrey nor his wife were in, with no possible show of hitting them, indicating that the shots were for a scare. The arguments, by Asp, Jennings, and Stanley were pointed and pithy, as to whether deliberation and premeditation, necessary to murder in the first degree, were proven in Mowry's killing of Smith. Asp claimed positive evidence of deliberation in the fact that Mowry halted Smith three times before he shot, warning him each time. Smith had no visible weapon and was the only one in close pursuit--if not almost the only one in pursuit at all. The defense argued that Mowry's terrible fear made deliberation impossible, and that the shot was the result of momentary passion--could be nothing else from the evidence. The Court held that the evidence was not sufficient to prove premeditation and deliberation. A number of Mowry's friends and the State's witnesses were present from Arkansas City, and Mowry was congratulated on getting fail, the most noticeable one who shook his hand being O. F. Godfrey, over whose wife this whole tragedy occurred. The bond was taken down to Arkansas City last evening. The bondsmen will be W. D. and Al. Mowry and their mother and others. The bond will likely be approved tomorrow, and Henry released.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

At the Grand Reunion of veterans, T. J. Harris, of our city, entered the headquarters tent for the Illinois soldiers to register. As he entered someone called his name, and on looking around, he beheld one of his old comrades lying just as he left him over 22 years ago on the battle field. Both were on the skirmish line, when Harris' comrade was wounded and fell, and they had never seen each other until they met last week at the reunion. The meeting of these comrades caused quite an exciting time in the tent. As the wounded comrade could not get around through the crowd, he had laid down to rest, and was resting his head on his arm just like Harris left him on the battle field. "Well, my comrade, have you been lying here for 22 years?" said Harris. "No!" said the comrade, with tears in his eyes, "but it overwhelms my heart with joy to be able to be at this reunion to grasp the hardy hands of my old comrades."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Don't be a clam. Don't advertise by fence painting or sign boards because it has been done for 30 years, or because you have always done it, or because some old fossils believe in it. Every family takes a newspaper nowadays; they didn't do so thirty years ago. Be on the lookout for new ideas. Be open to improvements. Keep up with the times. Don't get set in your ways. Don't be a clam.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The public is hereby notified that the two noted stallions, Bertrand and Col. B., will make a fall season at the Fair grounds near Winfield, Kansas. Terms, $15 to insure a live colt.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.

Sallie G Vawter and hus to Walter J Fowler, lots 4 and 5, blk 31, A. C.: $1,000

Catherine Stevenson and hus to William S Houghton, lots 27 and 28, A. C.: $4,500

Joseph Furman et ux to Mrs Bertha Black, lots 15 and 16, blk 4, Dexter: $45

Thos R Ryan et ux to Bertha McGee, lot 17, blk 3, Dexter: $10

Clarence Friedley et ux to James Glover, lot 4, blk 14, Smith's ad to Udall: $135

John P Mitchell et ux to Martha Ann Overman, lot 4, 18-34-7e, 34 acres: $200

Rebecca Fowler to James Vawter, lots 1 and 2, ne qr 4-35-7e, 104 acres: $1,000

Robert E Booth et ux to William H Booth, lot 5 and se qr nw qr sec 6 and 40 acres n hf nw qr sec 6-33-7e: $2,000

Chas H Eastman et ux to Darwin Eastman, w hf sw qr sec 8 and w hf nw qr 33-30-5e: $1,030

J M Alexander et ux to Sol Z Fredrick, tract in ne qr 27-32-4e: $426

H F Fuller et ux to D R Laycock et al, lot 7, blk 290, Courier Place, Winfield: $200

Arthur H Fitch to Edgar A Barron, lot 20, blk 121, Torrance, and hf lot 12, blk 73, lots 25, 26, 27, and 28, blk 115, and lot 8, blk 17, lots 24 and 25, blk 37, A. C.: $450

Emma Carnine to Hiram Smedley, lots 10, 11, and 12, blk 286, Thompson's ad to Winfield: $1,000

S L Gilbert et ux to Andrew Kennedy, w hf ne qr and ne qr ne qr 32-33-8e: $1.00

Southwestern Stage Co. to Mrs H A Tisdale, n hf of lots 27 and 28, blk 69, A. C., q-c: $5.00

D R Rigdon to Henrietta Branson, lot 27, blk 6, A. C.: $125

A H Fitch et al to Henrietta Branson, lots 26, 27, and 28, blk 30, A. C.: $600

C M Scott to A Lowe, lot 22, blk 50, A. C., q-c: $25.00

G W Spickelmier et ux to Uriah Spray, lots 17 and 18, blk 7, Hess ad to A. C.: $500

Uriah Spray et ux to P H Perry, lots 10, 20, and 21, blk 46, A. C.: $900

Lizzie H Benedict to Dougal Owen, lots 13 and 14, blk 62, and lot 26 in blk 128 and lot 26, blk 17, A. C.: $3,200

M A Corby to Isaac M Stamper, lots 9 and 10, blk 157, A. C.: $100

Mark Morris to M F Adams, lots 25 and 26, blk 123, A. C.: $50

J B McCray et ux to H H Young, lot 13, blk 283, Thompson's 3rd ad to Winfield: $500

Lizzie H Benedict et al to A A Newman, lot 23, blk 82, A. C., q-c: $100

Southwestern Stage Co. to Mrs. H A Tisdale, lots 15, 16, and 17, blk 108, and lots 9 and 10, blk 165, Winfield, q-c: $5.00

E A Henthorn et ux to Ben B Powell, lot 6, blk 31, Burden: $500

George D Vance et ux to David Mills, e hf se qr 26-31-5e, 80 acres: $200

Albert D Stuber et ux to John R Thompson, n hf ne qr and n hf nw qr 31-30-5e: $800

Mary E Robinson to John W Robinson, lot 3, 2-35-6e, 46 acres: $250

J F Stedman et ux to J F Beecher, lots 19 & 20, blk 80, A. C.: $1000

George A Rhodes et ux to Andrew Shaw, lot 18, blk 246, Citizens ad to Winfield: $75

Albert D Stuber et ux to John R Thompson, n hf ne qr and n hf nw qr, 31-30-5e: $800

Mary E Robinson to John W Robinson, lot 32-35-6e, 46 acres: $250

J F Stedman et ux to J F Beecher, lots 19 & 20, blk 80, A. C.: $1,000

George A Rhodes et ux to Andrew Shaw, lot 13, blk 245, Citizens ad to Winfield: $75

James Lorton to Andrew Shaw, lot 9, blk 245, Citizens ad to Winfield: $16.00

J M Alexander et ux to A. Shaw, lot 14, blk 245, Citizens ad to Winfield: $160

Joshua M West to Lyman G Myers, ne qr ne qr 34 and se qr se qr 27-32-6e: $800

George W Dawson et ux to Joshua M West, ne qr 34 and se qr se qr, 27-32-6e: $620

Ira Barnett et ux to Henry Endicott, hf of 1½ acres in se qr se qr, 36-34-3e: $125

Steven M Maxey and husband to J H Briscoe, lot 6 and 7, blk 17, and lots 6 and 7, blk 10, Grand Summit: $400

Highland Park Town Company to Emily A Honold, lots 4 and 11, blk 5, H P ad to Winfield: $500

Cyrus M Scott to Thomas A Gaskill, lots 15, 16, and 17, blk 135, A. C., q-c: $150

J F Beecher to Lydia J Stedman, lots 18 and 20, blk 80, A. C.: $1,050

Otto A Randall et ux to T H Aley, se qr se qr 31-33-8e: $100

Willis E Howell et ux to J W Aley, lots 20, 33, and 32, sec 6, and lot 37-8e: $440

Daniel Lohman et ux to J C McMullen, e hf ne qr and w hf ne qr, 10-34-6e: $1,000

Fannie E Lewis to J W Aley, lots 17 and 18, 6-31-8e, 80 acres, q-c: $200


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Tom H. Harrod brought John Kurns in from near New Salem last evening, charged with being a dangerous character. He is eighty-five years old and childish, yet withal pert and arbitrary. Some time ago he deeded his farm to his nearest relative, a niece, Miss Sadie Kurns, about thirty-five years old. The old gentleman, Sadie, and her intimate friend, Eva W. Whittaker, about Sadie's age, lived on the place together. Recently the old man got it into his head that he wanted his farm deeded back to him. Sadie thought it only a childish freak, and refused. He got furious and swore he'd kill her, and flourished a club around in frenzy. Yesterday he came to Winfield to get a gun to kill her with. He got as far as John Coffey's, at neighbor, with his gun, when John stopped him, investigated, and Eva Whittaker swore out a warrant for Kurns' arrest. When Tom Harrod went after the old man, finding him yet at Coffey's, he said, "I won't go; you can't take me!" He had to be taken by force, and appears to be extremely obstreperous for one of his age. His trial comes off before Judge Snow this week.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Another of the boys has fallen into the arms of Cupid and ended all in matrimony. Mr. Arthur H. McMaster and Miss Anna F. Green were joined in wedlock this afternoon at two o'clock, at the home of the bride's parents, General and Mrs. A. H. Green, by Rev. B. Kelly. The wedding was a quiet one, only intimate friends and relatives being present. The happy pair left on the Santa Fe for an eastern bridal tour, taking in Chicago, Arthur's old Michigan home, and on the return, stopping at Carrollton, Missouri, to visit the bride's relatives. Mr. McMaster is one of Winfield's staunchest and most popular young businessmen. His bride is possessed of many admirable qualities. She has grown to womanhood in Winfield, and marked the years with many friends. Mr. and Mrs. McMaster will receive the hearty congratulations all around. Here's to your health, Arthur, and may yourself and bride glide down the long hill of time amid happy and prosperous years.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

And still they marry. Cupid's latest disciples are Mr. P. H. Marsh and Miss Luella Bonnewell, who were united in marriage Sunday, at the home of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Bonnewell, in Beaver township, by Rev. P. B. Lee, D. D. The ceremony was witnessed by some thirty relatives and friends, and the occasion was one of the pleasantest. THE COURIER was favored with samples of the magnificent spread, in wedding cake most delicious. These young folks are among the staunchest of Beaver township. The groom is a son of Dr. H. W. Marsh, of Tannehill, and a brother of Dr. S. R. Marsh, of our city. He is a bright and substantial young man, with the ambition that augurs nothing but success. His bride is possessed of sterling qualities--winsome, intelligent, and frugal. THE COURIER throws its old shoe of good luck after Mr. and Mrs. P. H. Marsh with a vim, wishing a long and prosperous career in the double harness they have so early and auspiciously taken on.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

There will be a meeting of the Republican Central Committee, Saturday, October 10th, at 2 p.m., at the COURIER office. J. C. Long, Chairman.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

"The only Democratic governor Kansas ever had," seems to have run the State while he ruled as a sort of a private concern, as far as the penitentiary coal is concerned at any rate.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Jack has come in all his blighting, crystal beauty. He "arrove" numerously last night. Saturday night a slight frost fell, but last night was the first blighting one. It was heavy and blackened the eye of vegetation.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The Clifford Dramatic Company, which was well received here last year, will be back here again in a few weeks.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Everybody is sending their DAILIES east with accounts of Cowley's grand victory over Indiana. Send 'em all.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Lost. A black-gam coat, lined with flannel. Finder please return to this office.


The Congregational Minister at Rock Springs Says the Chinamen

Fired Their Dwellings to Save Their Money.

Desperate Convicts in Texas.

Sixty of Them Make a Break for the Wall. Twenty-five Killed and Wounded.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

GREEN RIVER, WYO., October 6. Some testimony of a startling character was given to the grand jury yesterday calculated to throw new light on the transactions at Rock Springs during the riot there. The Rev. Timothy Thirloway, the Congregational minister who resided at Rock Springs with his family during the riot, made a sworn statement, showing that the Chinese set fire to their own houses in order to prevent the white men from robbing them of their money, which was buried in the ground under their dwellings. Subsequent events have shown that this was the case, for as the Chinamen returned to Rock Springs, they commenced excavating under the ruins and in one instance over $6,000 was found.

Timothy Thirloway being duly sworn, made the following statement: "I am a minister of the gospel and was residing at Rock Springs on September 2 last, on which day the riot occurred and was in the vicinity of Chinatown on that day. I heard there were a large number of men moving around toward the north end of Chinatown with guns, clubs, and other weapons. I stepped out of my house with my wife and saw the first two houses that were set on fire. While we were standing there, I could see a number of white men on the north side of Chinatown and at the same time four Chinamen came out of a house in the southeast part, only a short distance from us. They were some two hundred yards from the white men. The four Chinamen had not moved more than twenty yards from the house with their bundles when someone called them back, and they remained in the house for two or three minutes before coming out again. In the meantime a volley was heard on the north side of Chinatown and almost instantly the Chinamen rushed out of the building. They had hardly left when we saw the building was on fire. No white men were to be seen near the house, and it was apparent that the house was fired by the Chinamen themselves. My daughter, who talked with some of the Chinamen afterward, can tell you more about the object of the Chinamen in setting fire to their own houses. The two houses that were first burned belonged to the railroad company and were known as numbers 15 and 16. Among the Chinamen that came out of No. 16, the first house set on fire, I recognized Ah Quong."

The statement of Miss Ellen Thirloway was as follows: "I came to Rock Springs last December and have given instruction to the Chinese at my father's house in the evening. I think I had the confidence of the Chinese, who regarded us as their friends. Just as soon as they returned, some of them came to see us and told us about their troubles. Ah Quong, who lived in the cellar of gang house No. 16, which was the first house set on fire, told me that China boy was scared, afraid American boy would get things, and so China boy set fire to the house. Lew Ack Sen, a nephew of Ah Say, the Chinese interpreter, also told me the same facts about setting on fire the houses of other Chinamen and that they were afraid white men would find their money and for that reason the Chinese set fire to the houses. Ah Quong said: 'China boy, no likee American boy; catch him things and China boy set fire to houses.'"

Mrs. Eleanor Thirloway testified substantially as her husband and also that the Chinamen were seen running from the houses, which immediately burst in flames as if touched off with gunpowder.


RUSK, TEX., October 6. Yesterday at the terminus of the Kansas & Gulf Short Line near Lufkin, Texas, sixty convicts working on the road made a desperate break for liberty, just as they had finished their supper. With deafening yells they started up in a body and rushed for the neighboring woods. Guards opened fire on them with deadly effect. The latest report says twenty-five of them were killed or wounded. The prisoners were in one large body, and the guards simply emptied their repeating rifles and small arms into the moving mass. Rumors of an intended mutiny in this camp have been rife for some weeks past. These rumors were strengthened by the fact that many of the convicts were serving life sentences and were known to be desperate characters, and extra precautions were being taken. Every means possible is being used to recapture the thirty-five who succeeded in eluding the rifles of the guards. All avenues of escape are being guarded and posses are being organized to scour the country. The scene of the outbreak is some miles from a telegraph office.


Turkey Alive to the Situation. The Lurking Fear of Turkish Soldiers.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

NEW YORK, October 6. A London special cable to the Herald says: The interest in Eastern complications is now centering in Albania. Ten battalions of Turkish troops are marching upon Pusrend, which is the most easterly portion of Albania and the portion nearest Bulgaria. It is an important strategic position, as its firm occupation by Turkey would check Servian designs upon Macedonia, and prove an obstacle in the way of Austria's march to Salonica and the sea, which march, though not immediately threatened, is always regarded as an eventual possibility of the Balkan situation. The Albanians are fully imbued with the spirit of territorial extension. If the Turks are again repulsed, the effect upon the whole Balkan peninsula will be disastrous in the extreme. The restless states of the south and west are now held in check only by their awe of the Turkish army. If it becomes generally known or believed that that army exists mostly on paper, Servians, Albanians, Macedonians, and Greeks will rise as one man. The one unquestionable superiority possessed by Turkey is her supply of field and mountain artillery. Without these armaments she could not control her turbulent subjects in Europe for an hour. As it is the next few days will probably decide the fate of the Porte.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

DETROIT, October 6. The Custodian of the Sault Ste. Marie Canal reports to General O. M. Poe that business of the canal was greater during the month of September than for any month in its history, exceeding that of any previous month by more than 16,000 tons. An interesting fact in that connection is that the traffic for the month named exceeds that of the Suez Canal nearly 20,000 tons.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

[Washington Cor., Boston Budget.]

One of our local newspaper men was on the committee appointed to escort the Mexican visitors around the city. He was assigned to a carriage in which one of the young ladies belonging to the party was seated. Taking it for granted that his companion spoke only her own language, and knowing that he himself was in the same linguistic condition, he leaned back in the carriage and permitted his companion to enjoy the scenic delights of the journey without a word. So the pair journeyed to and from the Soldiers' Home, and on reaching the city, several places of interest were visited, always in silence. As the carriage approached the Capitol, however, the newspaper man felt that he must say something, even if he received no answer. Accordingly, pointing to the noble pile, he ejaculated: "El Capitola, very fine, 'magnifica.'" To which the young lady replied, in good, broad, comprehensive American: "You bet your it is."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

[Boston Herald.]

The Overseer of the Poor of Oxford Township, Warren County, New Jersey, has just taken to the County Alms-house the last surviving slave in this county, if not in the State. In 1810 Philip Mowrey, father of ex-State Senator Philip Mowrey, now deceased, purchased of Abraham Axford for $200 a young negro boy. Shortly after being sold, Jack, as the slave was familiarly called, met with an accident that resulted in permanent injury. When the emancipation laws were passed, Jack refused to accept his freedom. When Mr. Mowrey, Sr., died, the slave descended to Senator Mowrey and his two maiden sisters. Upon the death of Senator Mowrey, $4,000 was set apart, the income of which was to be paid for Jack's support. This provision has been faithfully carried out.


Conviction of the Agent of an English Company.

Fraudulent Work of Railroads.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

WASHINGTON, October 6. The General Land Office is informed of the trial and conviction of R. C. Bloomfield, in Denver, Colorado, on the 21st ult., for conspiring to defraud the United States in procuring fraudulent pre-emption entries under fictitious names. Mr. Bloomfield is an Englishman, very wealthy, and the manager of the Arkansas Valley Land & Cattle Company composed almost entirely of Englishmen. This company, it is represented, own over 300,000 acres of country through illegal means. The conviction of Bloomfield is regarded at the Interior Department as highly important in that it will be likely to deter others from continuing in the same illegal business. When the jury returned its verdict, Bloomfield fainted in open court. H. K. Pinchney, who was indicted with Bloomfield, escaped before his trial came off. He is represented as having furnished the men means to personate actual settlers. He employed cowboys until the supply was exhausted, when he put up paper men. Pinchney was a clerk in the local land office, and was of great assistance in successfully executing the fraudulent entries. Several agents of the Department of the Interior report the cutting of large amounts of timber on public lands, adjacent to the line of the Northern Pacific Railroad, by large forces of the men, who claim to be employed by the Montana Improvement Company, which it is alleged, is but a branch of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company. Saw mills are said to be running in full blast among a vast area of country. It is understood that suits will be immediately instituted against the guilty parties. Reports are said to have been received at the department to the effect that the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Company, by making fraudulent locations, have secured large areas of land to which they are not entitled.


A Large Meeting of League Representatives Resolve to Aid Parnell in Ireland.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

NEW YORK, October 6. A large meeting of gentlemen who have been active in Irish National League matters in this city and Brooklyn was held yesterday afternoon at the office of Mr. John Rooney, No. 145 Broadway, for the purpose of taking into consideration the best and most effective means of assisting the Hon. Charles Stewart Parnell in the coming election for members of Parliament. Mr. John C. McGuire, of Brooklyn, was elected chairman, and General M. Kerwin was chosen secretary. A long preamble and accompanying resolutions were adopted. The preamble sets forth that the general election about to take place for members of Parliament offers to the people of Ireland an opportunity to prove their loyalty and devotion to the cause of Irish nationality, seldom, if ever, equaled in the history of that unfortunate, misgoverned, and persecuted country, and asserts the steadfast and unswerving fidelity of the Irish people to the cause of national independence, and the great results accomplished under the leadership of Parnell and his associates; emphasizes the oppression and despoliation of Ireland through the system of landlordism; gives warning to England that she has not only depopulated Ireland to deal with, but that "ten millions of her exiles of the Irish race on this continent look on with anxious eyes, and with strong arms and willing hearts, to render such assistance as may be needed by their brothers in Ireland to accomplish this end." It concludes as follows.

Resolved, That we send fifty of the representative members of our race in the United States to assist Hon. Charles Stewart Parnell and his associates in the hustings, for the purpose of effecting candidates selected and approved by that heroic and trusted leader.


General Hazen Returns.

His Belief in the American Weather Predictions as the Best System.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

WASHINGTON, October 6. General Hazen, Chief Signal Officer, has returned from his trip to Europe. His admiration for our signal service was not lessened by a comparison with the service of European countries. He says the conditions in this country are most favorable to an accurate test and rapid development of a system of weather predictions. This view he bases on the great expense of the country and its climatic conditions afford a vast field for study and experiment and its complete telegraphic system tending to render reports more accurate and serviceable than in other parts of the world. He says that the signal service of the United States compares very favorably with any in existence. One of the principal objects of his European trip was to attend the International Meteorological Congress at Paris. The object of this conference was to bring about great uniformity in the methods of making weather predictions in different countries and much was accomplished in this direction. General Hazen says his inspection of the methods pursued in European countries suggests minor changes in our system.


He Fixes the Future of Europe in a Prophetical Sort of Way.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

NEW YORK, October 6. General Lew Wallace, ex-Minister to Turkey, in an interview, says in regard to the Balkan troubles: "I do not think any action will be taken by Turkey until the signatory powers meet. The Sultan has too much common sense to rush haphazard into war. He will await the issue of a conference. In case of a disagreement between the powers probably the whole of Europe will be swept into hostilities: Russia, France, and Italy on one side and England and Austria on the other. Germany, guarded by Bismarck, will endeavor to act as arbiter. Austria would immediately take possession of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Russia would occupy Bulgaria and Romania. The conference is most likely to result in a status quo. One of the world's greatest wars will happen before the crescent disappears from the Bosphorus."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

ABILENE, KAN., October 6. Judge Nicholson at Junction City today decided that the receivership obtained by the Travelers Insurance Company for a large amount of property owned by T. C. Henry, in and adjoining this city, was illegal and void. This decision restores the property to Henry's control, although the Travelers will probably appeal to the Supreme Court. The amount involved is nearly $200,000.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

LONDON, October 6. The Globe denies that the case of Crawford vs. Sir Charles Dilke has been dropped. The trial, it says, will probably come off in December next.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The special delivery system of the postal service was inaugurated in the various cities on the 1st.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The Stockholm (Sweden) Severiges Tidning has been confiscated for calumniating the Prince of Wales.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The window glass trade was reported at a recent convention held in New York to be in a very unpromising condition.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mme. Emma Nevada, the prima donna, was married in England recently to Dr. Raymond Palmer, of Birmingham.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The rebels Salcedo and Estrada, belonging to the party of Limbano Sanchez, were shot on the 29th ultimo at Babacoa, Cuba.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The Missouri Pacific Railroad Company has leased the Central Branch of the Union Pacific road. The lease is to run twenty-five years.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

A recent dispatch stated that the mail stage running between San Angela and Abilene, Texas, had been stopped and robbed by highwaymen.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Judge Brewer in the United States Court at St. Louis granted a decree of foreclosure and sale in the case of the St. Louis, Hannibal & Keokuk Railroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

What was thought to be a sensational mystery in Boston turned out to be the case of a dog which had been shot, tied in a bag, and thrown into the Charles River.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

At the sugar plantation "Aurora," near Jovelianos, Cuba, recently, four workmen, who had taken refuge from the rain under a cart, were struck by lightning and killed.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Grant memorial services were held in the Metropolitan Church, Washington, on the 1st under the auspices of the local commandery of the Grand Army of the Republic. General Logan delivered the address.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

OTTAWA, CAN., October 6. Mr. A. P. Low, of the Geological Museum, has returned from Lake Distassina, where he completed the survey of that sheet of water. Instead of the lake being of greater proportions than Lake Superior, he found that it was only 125 miles in length and from fifteen to twenty-five miles in width.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

ATHENS, October 6. A fatal collision occurred on the Corinth & Kiatara Railway, today. The killed and injured number fifty.


Mrs. Druse, of Herkimer, N. Y., Found Guilty of the Murder of Her Husband.

A Shocking Crime With Sensational Incidents.

The Fire at Schell City, Missouri.

Arrest of a Prominent Merchant for Incendiarism.

A New Jersey Headless Spook.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

LITTLE FALLS, N. Y., October 6. The trial of Mrs. Druse for the murder of her husband, William Druse, closed at Herkimer half an hour before midnight yesterday. The jury brought in a verdict of murder in the first degree. It is probable the first person hanged in this county will be a woman, as the murder was one of the most brutal known in this section of the State.

Early in January of the present year rumors respecting the mysterious disappearance of William Druse, a farmer of moderate means living about three miles from Richfield Springs, began to circulate. Soon these rumors developed into hints of foul play, and one of the neighbors was heard to say that it was his belief that Druse had been murdered and his body burned in order to destroy trace of the crime. A Mr. Eckler and others of the neighbors, it appears, noticed on December 18 a heavy black smoke arising from the Druse house, while the air was impregnated with a foul odor, this state of affairs lasting about two hours. Owing to the seemingly earnest efforts made by Mrs. Druse and her daughter to discover the missing man's whereabouts, the reports of foul play were not generally credited. Living with the Druse family was a lad named Frank Gates, a nephew of Mrs. Druse, aged fourteen years. Mrs. Eckler and Charles Pott, a neighbor, questioned the lad respecting the smoke and foul odor noticed December 18, and eventually the lad became confused and was frightened into confessing. The matter was finally brought to the notice of District Attorney A. B. Steele, of Herkimer, who reached the scene of the murder January 17, and immediately took charge of the proceedings. Coroner Nellis impaneled a jury on the following day. The remains, which were found in a swamp not far from the house, were an almost indistinguishable mass of dirt, ashes, and charred bones, frozen together, it being subsequently discovered that the flesh, after being boiled and burnt off the bones, had been given to the hogs. The boy, Frank Gates, upon being examined, stated that he lived in Warren with his aunt, Mrs. Druse, and the killing of Druse, her husband, was done December 18, and that Mrs. Druse and her daughter had, during the previous summer, tried to hire him to shoot William Druse. On the day of the murder, according to the boy's statements, William Druse asked him to get up and build the fire, which he did. Mrs. Druse and her daughter, Mary, also arising at the same time. After breakfast Mrs. Druse sent George, her son, out of the house and then calling the boy, she handed him a revolver and told him to shoot Druse or she would shoot him. The boy said that he then fired at Druse, and the woman, snatching the pistol from him, fired at her husband until it was empty. She then took an axe and pounded him over the head, afterwards decapitating the body. The boy and George Druse were then compelled to build a large fire in both stoves and were afterwards set on watch at the windows while the body was being burned. The boy stated the next morning all he saw of Druse's body was a large bone, and even that was eventually placed in a stove by the daughter, Mary. The ashes and a few remains were then put into a bag and a tin box and thrown into a neighboring swamp, the axe and pistol being consigned to a pond, where they were afterwards found. The inquest was closed January 18, the jury finding that William Druse was shot and killed by Rosanna, his wife, aged forty years, and that Mary, the daughter, aged twenty, George W. S. Druse, the son, aged ten, and Frank Gates, the nephew, aged fourteen, were feloniously present and gave aid and comfort to the women. Mrs. Druse had not roomed with her husband for ten years.


SEDALIA, October 6. Ever since the burning of one of the best business blocks in Schell City by an incendiary on the night of August 4, the businessmen of that thriving little city, assisted by Constable Miller, have been quietly at work endeavoring to ferret out the guilty parties. Although a clue was obtained soon after the burning of the buildings, which pointed to L. P. Morrison, a well-known citizen of the village, as being the guilty one, enough evidence to warrant his arrest was not obtained until Sunday. The warrant was sworn out by Henry Coble, a barber who was one of the victims of the disaster. The prisoner was at once turned over to Sheriff Hill, who had been called up from Nevada, and taken to the county jail to await an examination, which will be given him today.

The fire alluded to occurred about eleven o'clock on the night of August 4th, and was the most destructive one that has ever visited the town. It was started about the center of the principal business block in the city, and could not be extinguished until after the entire block had been consumed. Indeed, it was with the greatest difficulty that the many buildings on the opposite side of the street were saved. The block burned consisted of thirteen frame structures and two two-story bricks, all of which with the exception of one, were occupied by different branches of business. The arrest caused great excitement in the village.


CREAM RIDGE, N. J., October 6. This part of Burlington County has in process of production a ghost story with notable modern improvements. A few nights ago a party of four persons driving along a country road near Ellisdale saw the figure of a man standing by the roadside ahead of them. It neither moved nor spoke as they passed it, and each noticed that it was headless. The negro driver lashed his horses into a gallop. The others looked back, but there was nothing to be seen on the spot where the headless man had been standing. All agreed that the figure had on a white shirt and red suspenders, and was without a light. Hard-headed farmers laugh at the ghost idea and say that the figure was either a scarecrow set up by boys or a tramp who had temporarily removed his head to rest his shoulders. Half a dozen negro farm hands, however, have already succeeded in remembering that they have met the same headless phantom in lonely roads and dark corners of the woods recently, and as soon as somebody can think of a murder to fit, an elaborate and highly ornate ghost story will be ready for publication.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Colonel Cundiff, business manager of the Missouri Republican, died at St. Joseph, Missouri, on the 4th.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

TOPEKA, October 6. State Veterinarian Holcomb reports that between thirty and forty counties in Kansas are now infected with hog cholera. The disease, he states, is rapidly spreading, causing the daily loss of thousands of swine. Some counties have reported a loss of $40,000 from this cause alone. Dr. Holcomb combats the idea that the malady is not cholera, but is some new and fatal disease. Vomiting or coughing are the sure symptoms marking the first stages of this disease. Usually the sick animal is thirsty, because he is feverish; the ears droop, the head hangs low, the back is humped, the hind parts stagger, etc. The percentage of loss is heaviest among the younger animals, ranging from seventy-five to 100 per cent. Death often occurs with pigs during the first twenty-four hours. With older animals death may happen at any time during the first two or three weeks; if they live long, they usually recover. Dr. Holcomb holds out little encouragement to farmers of the efficacy of any particular treatment.


He is Very Sick.--His Medical Adviser Doubtful of His Recovery.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

NEW YORK, October 6. It is announced this morning by Archbishop Brugan that Cardinal McClosky is very ill. The prayers of all congregations of the diocese are solicited in behalf of his eminence. The Cardinal's health has for several weeks past been failing. He has no specific ailment, but his strength has been severely tried by the head of the summer. The Cardinal's regular medical adviser said early this morning: "The Cardinal's condition is serious. Though there is no radical disease, his illness is critical." His dissolution will be slow and gradual. One of the priests in attendance added that the Cardinal was able to take nourishment, was conscious, and maintained cheerfulness of mind. He recognizes the gravity of his situation. The Cardinal is a native of Brooklyn. He became a priest fifty-two years ago. He is the first Cardinal appointed in the Western Hemisphere.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Ex-Minister Kasson has had several conferences recently with Secretary of State Bayard. Mr. Kasson is firmly of the opinion that Bismarck is laying his plans for the German acquisition of Cuba.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The other night some drunken tramps fired the cattle sheds at the fair grounds at Fort Wayne, Indiana. An unknown tramp was burned to death, and another giving the name of Griffin, was rescued horribly burned.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

W. S. Hubbell, a well to do and prominent farmer living thirty miles east of Bismarck, Dakota Territory, was killed recently by a run-away team. The blade of the plow to which the horses were hitched penetrated his chest.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

An attempt was made the other night to blow up with dynamite a Czechian club house in Duc, a town in Bohemia. Fortunately no one was injured. A bad feeling was reported as existing between Germans and Czechs.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The schooner Ansa Tomine, from Muskegon for Chicago, loaded with lumber, got waterlogged and capsized the other morning about five miles west of Grand Haven. The crew of six men were saved by the life saving crew.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

A fire broke out the other night in Taylor's machine shop at Jersey City, N. J., and communicated to N. and S. E. O'Donnell & Co.'s cooperate warehouse, Gookey's dry dock, and Jones & Whitmore's dry dock. The loss reached $100,000.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The Imperial Ottoman Legation at Washington attributed the report cabled from Constantinople to the effect that the Sultan was believed to be becoming demented "to the malice of the enemies of Turkey," and emphatically denied that there was any truth in it.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Skipped. Very, very long and very detailed when compared with previous reports. They covered Grain and Provisions as well as cattle, sheep, and hogs; and had market reports from St. Louis, Chicago, New York, and Kansas City. Complete change in earlier "market reports" given by the newspaper.


City of Vicksburg Bumps the Government Dyke Near Cape Girardeau, Mo.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

CAPE GIRARDEAU, MO., October 6. Yesterday evening about six o'clock as the Anchor Line steamer City of Vicksburg, Captain Henry Keith, was coming down the Illinois side of Devil's Island, about seven miles above here, she struck part of the Government dyke erected there several years ago. The chute is very narrow at this place. It is one of the most dangerous places on the river between St. Louis and Cairo. The shock knocked both her chimneys down and the one on the starboard side went overboard and was lost. Captain Keith ordered her run on a buoy, when an examination was made, and almost twelve inches of water was found in her hull. The shock was terrific and caused the greatest consternation among the passengers, of whom a great number were ladies. Captain Keith and the officers of the boat remained very calm and self-controlled, and soon succeeded in quieting the passengers. Nobody was injured, but all were greatly frightened. The Anchor Line steamer City of Providence came along shortly after the accident occurred, and with the assistance of the towboat Mab, of the Grand Tower & Carbonate Railroad, succeeded in lightening the Vicksburg so that another examination could be made, when a hole was found in the fore part of the hull. After putting in a bulkhead and pumping out water, she was soon afloat and proceeded down the river, arriving here at 11:30 today. The freight, with the exception of a few barrels of flour, was not damaged. After discharging a lot of freight, she left for Vicksburg at 1:00 p.m.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

OXFORD, MASS., October 6. An important suit between Colonel B. H. Evers, of London, England, and Thomas Watson, of Chicago, involving the ownership of one million acres of land in this State, was finally disposed of in the United States District Court here on Saturday last, by a decree of Judge Hill, in which all the lands are awarded to and revert back to their original owners, Colonel Evers and associates.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

500 Pair of Roller Skates


One Pair of Skates with Nickle Plate Trimming given away with

Each Suit out of our Line of

Boys' and Children's Suits!

Our Elegant Stock, Selected with so much care in the Eastern Markets,

now in line on our tables. Also full line

Single or Odd Coats, Single or Odd Vests,


Immense Line of ODD PANTS, for Men, Boys, and Children,

from a Child 3 years old to a Man 50 inches in waist.



Will treat you Politely whether you wish to buy or not.

Nobby Assortment for Young Men and Boys a Specialty.


J. S. MANN, The Broad gauge Clothier.

See Wire Sign Across the Street.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Competitors, May, Can & Do talk

about giving you bargains, but talk is cheap. We are the only house that has Blankets, Flannels & Yarns from our own factory. Our own brands of Canton Flannels, Ladies', Misses', and Children's Cloaks, that are manufactured expressly for our trade. Shawls, yarn-knit Hosiery, direct from factories--paying no middle man profit. Our stock of

Fall & Winter Dress Goods

Silks and Velvets is the largest in the city. We are mutually interested in this matter. We want your trade, and you want to buy where you can do the best and know when you look through our stock and hear our prices you will say that the Model Dry Goods House of




Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Clothing! Clothing!




Dry Goods, Notions, Boots & Shoes

is in, and our room is crowded with goods. Parties needing Clothing can be supplied at a very low price. We have a full line and splendid assortment of

Men's and Boys' Clothing,

and can fit the biggest man as well as the smallest boy, and hope that everybody needing anything in the Clothing line will come and see me.



FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

John Kurns, the old gentleman of eighty-five years, from near New Salem, who was arrested the other day charged with threatening the life of his granddaughter, Sadie Kurns, had his hearing before Judge Snow yesterday afternoon and was placed under a peace bond of $500. He was unable to give bond and languishes. The trouble grew out of a deed. For various kinship considerations, John Kurns deeded his $4,000 farm to Sadie. The old man, Sadie, and her "chum," Eva Whitaker, live on the farm together, Sadie taking care of Kurns. He got a freak that he wanted his farm deeded back to him. Sadie thought it only childishness and refused. The old man got furious and came to town and got a gun to kill her with. When in a mile of home, on his return with the gun, on complaint of Eva Whitaker that he was a dangerous character, he was arrested. He has a violent temper. Sadie, according to the neighbors, has given him devoted care. His temper is such that angelic care wouldn't satisfy him and he kept the house in a continual furor. For one of his age, he is exceedingly lively and bitter in demonstration. He seems to have an awful bitterness against Eva Whitaker, whom he imagines is trying to boss things too much--swaying Sadie too easily. Sadie and Eva are between twenty-five and thirty years old, the former an orphan.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The educational enterprise of Richland township is showing itself substantially. A stock company, composed of Messrs. T. R. Carson, N. J. Larkin, S. W. Phenix, J. R. Thompson, D. C. Stevens, H. J. Sandfort, H. F. Hornaday, and others, has been formed to erect a township high school at Wilmot. The building will be 24 x 40, two stories, and cost to start on between fifteen hundred and two thousand dollars. It will be erected at once. The intention is to have a regular graded school, to commence in November. They expect to employ the best talent, and have a school in every way a credit to the public spirit, wealth, and intelligence of Richland township. This is a move most commendable, and will succeed finely. It will be run as a subscription school until the township is able to take it off the stockholders' hands. Richland is always foremost in every move for the general upbuilding of her citizens.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Henry Brown has completed a very neat and convenient barn on the lots he bought of A. H. Doane. It is 20 x 32, containing four stalls with plank floor. There is a shute for hay with a hole just large enough for the horse to pull the hay out. This saves a great waste of hay; below this is a trough for bran and oats; just east of the stalls is a hallway running north and south. A stairway ascends from this hall to the loft; in the loft is a bran and oats bin with shutes leading to the ground floor. East of the hall is the carriage room, with a small closet for harness. On one side of the hallway is a large bin for corn. It is the neatest and handiest barn we have seen lately. Anyone wishing to build a barn would do well to look at this.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The Kansas City Journal's Topeka Reunion correspondent gave our Courier Cornet Band this notice: "The Second regiment band, of Winfield, known as the Courier band, saluted the Journal today, and gave the great daily a fine serenade. The members of the band are: G. H. Crippen, leader; J. E. Snow, C. Roberts, A. R. Harvey, Jesse and Fred Bates, C. H. Page, Judge Buckman, Clarence Roberts, Sidney Carnine, J. E. Holliday, Frank Spring, F. J. Newton, A. T. Roberts, W. I. Warner, J. D. Armstrong, and A. Fiddler. This band is a credit to Winfield, the members being the best young men of that beautiful city. The Journal extends greetings.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

On last Friday Dr. H. J. Downey received intelligence of his wife's death in Ohio. She passed away on the 25th and just one week from that date he received the word. She had been an invalid for years, and although her death had been expected for some time, the news was a terrible blow to the Doctor. This is the second death which has occurred in his family within the past year, one of his little children having died just before he came to Kansas. Mrs. Downey leaves two children--a boy near seven years old and a girl about fourteen. The Doctor's friends here will sympathize with him in this his sad loss.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Since THE COURIER's history of that old stage relic of Cal Ferguson's, standing down by Wheeler's blacksmith shop, it has been the object of hundreds of scrutinizing eyes. Men stand around it in little knots and discuss the probable murders that have stained its Missouri history in border-ruffian days. The bullet holes are the greatest enigma. So many seem unable to find them. They are there, all the same. We've got the affidavit of Frank James to prove it. The Hon. and defunct Jesse James, also sends us word that he is ready to corroborate the sworn statement of Frank at any time. Look again, fellows.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Jack Henthorn, of the Eagle, put his thumbs in the armholes of his vest and with a keen wink and omnibus smile that betokens much pride, very truthfully ejaculates: "The city of Burden is a thriving and growing place. It has never faltered from the first. At times, hampered by leeches and moral lepers, it has grown out of their reach and today is a monument to the men who invested in it at first and have stayed here attending to their own business and assisting those who sought to locate.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

A "citizen" sends us the following communication, written on a memoranda page of a patent medicine circular indicating his desperate condition. "Are the children to start to school when the bell begins to ring or when it quits? If, when it quits, there are not many hours of school. Is the janitor paid by the hour for ringing? If so, why not hire him by the day, for he rings most of the time anyway. Is there no law to prosecute a man for ringing a bell all the time?"

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The Board of County Commissioners convened in regular quarterly session yesterday. So far its grindings have been mostly on various claims against the county. The viewers' reports in the A. T. Harris county road were adopted, and damages of $19 allowed to J. W. Hiatt; also in the J. W. Hiatt road, and damages allowed S. Ayers, $309, and J. W. Kennard $20. Tax was remitted on s hf se qr 35-30-5-e.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The Democratic press finds fault with the civil service plank of the Republican platform because it favors the old soldiers who, on examination for an office, grades 80 over a dude getting 90. The Democrats favor a dude even, especially when brought into competition with an old union veteran. Anything to down a union soldier.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The English Kitchen has been sold to H. M. Zimmerman, who will hereafter be mine host. Of course, Messrs. Burnett & Clark will remain in Winfield and soon branch out in some new direction.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The Ladies Library Association has changed its library to rooms over Curns & Manser's real estate office. It is open from 3 to 6 Wednesday and Saturday afternoons.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Lost. A large halter strop, on the Fair Grounds. Finder please leave at this office.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

J. J. Carson has just received word from his brother in Kentucky that they will ship him at once a car load of choice high grade Jersey cattle from their Jersey stock farm, Willow Grove, Lincoln County. Parties that desire something good will have a chance to get a good cow cheap.


Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

W. H. Gilliard was down from Atlanta Saturday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

W. W. Slane left for Iowa Friday for several weeks visit.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

A. D. Ayers and W. G. McKee were up from Arkansas City last evening.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

W. H. Smith is in the east purchasing a big stock of boots and shoes.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

V. M. Ayres & Co., Arkansas City millers, have made an assignment.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Pugh's Kentucky Grocery is out with a daisy new sign, put up by Reed & Oliver.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Some Wichita men have laid out a new town in Scott County called Kansas City.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

E. B. Dickson has the neatest pair of scales we have seen lately. Expressly for weighing candy.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

L. M. Williams left Friday for his old home in New Hampshire. He will bring his wife back with him.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Joe Conklin has a curiosity in the shape of an apple tree that has borne one crop of apples and has bloomed twice since.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mr. A. H. Hyde brings in a choice bunch of his Niagara White Grapes. We have never seen anything in the line more beautiful.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Rev. B. C. Swarts, of Anthony, and Rev. Thomas Audas, of Wichita, members of the board of M. E. College Trustees, are in the city.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Cal Ferguson will devote his time now exclusively to the stage business, having sold his livery stock here to J. M. Eugler, from Iowa.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

County Attorney Murray was over from Wellington on the Edwards murder case, which came up in our court on change of venue from Sumner.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

James M. Felton and Mary A. Chancey were married this afternoon at the Commercial Hotel parlors by Judge Gans. Both are from Arkansas City.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mrs. Ed Weitzel is off for a week or so at Ft. Smith, Arkansas. Ed will have all his Ft. Smith effects moved to Winfield, for which purpose Mrs. Weitzel went down.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mr. G. W. Gill, of Chicago, traveling and advertising agent for the State Gazette, is in the city gathering information and statistics for his great work.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Col. John M. Alexander left for Florida today. He will return in the spring when he will build an expensive block in Winfield and make other improvements.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Senator Hackney and Frank K. Raymond went to Anthony, the Senator on legal business in Harper's District court, and Frank as that court's official stenographer.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Miss Nellie Branham, of Princeton, Indiana, who made many acquaintances while visiting here some time ago, is again here to spend the winter with her brother, Mr. O. Branham, of the S. K.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Miss Emma C. Fulton is home from two months with relatives in Petersburg, Illinois, and is again at her old post in the Probate Judge's office. Her return is gladly welcomed by her many friends.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mrs. F. M. Friend is off for an eastern purchasing tour, taking in the St. Louis Fair in her rounds. Her mother, Mrs. M. A. Monlux, who has been visiting here for some time, accompanied her to Kansas City.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

John W. Orand and Ora Irvin, Martin G. Elwood and Sarah J. Moore, Alfred Rice and Harriet A. Rabb are the latest matrimonial victims, according to Judge Gans' record. The Judge spliced the two last couples.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

We are in receipt of No. 1, volume I, of the Clearwater Leader, published by S. T. and E. A. Palmer. It is a five column quarto, full of spicy local, editorial, and miscellaneous reading matter. We wish it much success.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mr. Owen Shriver, who settled in Dexter township in 1870, passed through overland today for Montague County, Texas, where he will reside. Of course he won't settle long--they always come back, determined to stay.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Capt. M. N. Sinnott, now deputy County Clerk, has been appointed postmaster at Arkansas City, J. C. Topliff having resigned. He is popular, thoroughly competent, and will fill the office with satisfaction to all.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

E. A. Henthorn, of Burden, passed through Saturday on his return from an inspection tour of the western country. He thinks it is rain and wealth, or drought and death--that's all. He didn't buy the country this time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

L. D. Latham's wife and two sons have arrived. They will be at the Central a week before going to house keeping in the Frank Lockwood residence, south Mansfield street, which Mr. Latham has purchased.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

George Corwin has severed his connection with G. C. Wallace's grocery and will start for the west Wednesday. We are sorry to lose George. He is a gentleman and a good businessman. Mr. Wallace loses a good clerk. We wish George success in his new field of labor.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Last Thursday being the annual election of the Ladies' Christian Aid Society, the meeting was held at the residence of Mrs. Dr. Tandy. The following officers were elected: Mrs. G. W. Miller, president; Mrs. H. C. Buford, vice-president; Mrs. J. J. Carson, secretary; Mrs. Warren Stone, treasurer.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

J. C. Topliff is likely to continue as p. m. of Arkansas City for some time, remarks the Republican. The two Democratic factions could not agree upon a man--'cause too many wanted it--and the pressure that each side brought to bear against the other was more than Cleveland dared to antagonize.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

According to the Cedarvale Star, Bob Robinson, living five miles northwest of Cedarvale, was taken sick recently, and during his illness he complained of a tickling in his throat, causing him to cough frequently, and during one of his coughing paroxysms he spit up a snake measuring about fifteen inches in length.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

C. M. Leavitt, the heavy man of THE DAILY COURIER, was over Thursday soliciting "subs" for his paper. He kept strictly sober, and has none of the flighty characteristics that marked him during the hot times of the bond war. Leavitt is a good fellow and THE COURIER a welcome evening visitor at this office. Burden Eagle.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Mr. D. Taylor hands us his old home paper, Xenia, Ohio, Gazette, containing this remarkable item: "A cremation is said to have taken place at Yellow Springs, Thursday afternoon, in the burial of Mrs. Evaline Gates. Her desire was to be cremated, but having no crematory, she adopted a novel way of having her remains buried, or what she termed a 'second cremation.' A box was made in coffin shape, with slats nailed along the sides, leaving openings about three inches between them. The body was placed in this box and covered with a sheet, and put in the grave without any box. When lowered in the grave, the lid was removed and a bushel of slacked lime placed on the body, then dirt was packed in all around the box before the grave was filled up. Her idea was that the lime would consume her body almost as soon as the process of cremation. The body was disposed of according to her express directions made several days before her death, her novel coffin being made according to her orders two days before that time."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

A horrible accident occurred in the Indian Territory, just below Kaw Agency, on Tuesday last. A man named Thomas Thompson and John E. Smith, residents of Independence, this State, who were in the Territory on a hunting expedition, went out from camp Tuesday morning and soon routed a flock of turkeys. Then they separated, each going in a different direction. Mr. Thompson walked briskly for two or three hundred yards when he saw some turkeys. He prepared to shoot, and while waiting, Smith came slipping along under a little bank, being about half bent or stooping, which made him about the size of a turkey. Mr. Thompson was watching through a small open space in the bushes when he saw an object darkening the spot, which he thought was a turkey, and fired. Mr. Thompson dropped his gun and ran to Smith, saying: "John, have I hurt you?" John replied, "Yes, Thomas, I believe you have killed me." Mr. Thompson told him he would have to go and get some help to get him to camp. Smith asked him not to leave him there to die alone. Mr. Thompson shouted for help as long as he could, but could make no one hear. He then told Smith that he would be obliged to go for help. Smith finally consented and Thompson then went to a cow camp some two miles away, and told his story, and three of the men from the ranch went with Mr. Thompson and assisted him in taking the wounded man to camp. The ball entered the breast just above the right nipple, passing through the body and out just below the left shoulder blade. He was shot about 9 o'clock Tuesday morning and died at 2:30 in the afternoon. He was conscious up to the last moment, and had a letter written to his wife explaining fully the sad accident, and giving her directions how to settle his affairs. Smith was about 30 years of age. He leaves a wife and two children who reside near Independence. A. C. Democrat.


The K. C. & S. W. Completed to Winfield and Opened for Through Traffic.


Another Big Stride in the Progress of The Queen City of Southern Kansas.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Again does THE COURIER chronicle another big stride in the progress of Winfield. From month to month and from year to year has it heralded steps in our city's advancement that have gradually placed her in the ranks of the best cities of the west--with present worth and future promise--the admiration of all. Improvements which in the infantile days of the city, would have resurrected every booming cannon and screaming eagle and old wood cut in the office, now pass with a few lines of notice. These material advances, backed by a people whose motto, like that of the state, is "Ad astra per aspera," have come to be taken as matters of common note. The first railroad, which set our people wild with hilarious demonstrations, has been gradually followed with a second road, our splendid water and gas works, our magnificent Fair Ground and Park, the Imbecile Asylum, the M. E. College, and now a third railroad, with the fourth in the grasp of the very near future. And the city's private improvements stand absolutely unexcelled by any city of Winfield's age. At six o'clock Tuesday evening the construction train of the Kansas City & South Western railroad rolled into the depot, on North Main. Today the road was opened for through freight traffic, the first freight going out being three car-loads of flour for the Winfield Roller Mills. The first passenger train left this morning at 8:30. Tomorrow morning a through St. Louis coach leaves Winfield at the same hour, connecting directly with the Frisco at Beaumont--no change of cars. The regular passenger train will leave Winfield at 8:30 a.m. and return at 7:00 p.m. An accommodation coach will be attached to the regular freight the last of this week or the first of next. The Kansas City freight for points on the K. C. & S. W., now comes by Winfield. This road's equipments are splinter new throughout and first-class in every respect. The road is as good as any in the west. It gives Winfield direct and through freight and passenger connection with St. Louis, something badly needed, giving a much shorter and quicker route, with reduced freight rates. Five hundred men and teams are now at work surfacing, grading, and track laying. The depot here is neat and convenient, and will soon have its network of side track. The track will reach Arkansas City by November first, when work on the Geuda and Caldwell branch and eastward from Beaumont will be commenced and pushed right through. The Kansas City & Southwestern railroad will be one of the main arteries reaching out from Kansas City through the Southwest. It is backed by men of large influence and capital. Every foot of road so far has been built with the company's money, without the sale of a bond. Not a bond has been placed on the market. Hon. M. M. Towle, at the head of the company, is now here from Chicago looking over the line and is highly pleased with its outlook. Hon. Alonzo Stevens, of Chicago, Mr. Towle's associate, also inspected the road and its prospects a few weeks ago, with equally satisfactory results. James N. Young, L. D. Latham, and James Hill are personally supervising the construction of the road, and are determined to make it one of the best lines in Kansas. The origin of this road was with Winfield men, several of whom are members of the company, and the headquarters of the road are at Winfield. Winfield money and enterprise inaugurated the line, and its feasibility and splendid opening for investment soon enlisted eastern capitalists who have made it a solid reality--one of vast benefit to Winfield and every town it strikes.


The completion of the K. C. & S. W. to Winfield was celebrated last evening in the Brettun by a grand banquet given to the railroad track layers and graders by L. D. Latham & Co., the contractors. Owing to camp headquarters being yet at Floral, a number of the employees couldn't be present, but one hundred and eight of them engaged in the feast, and expressed the warmest appreciation. After the supper to the gang men, Messrs. Harter & Hill, ye landlords of the Brettun, complimented the officers, contractors, managing employees, and engineer corps of the road with a magnificent banquet, which was thoroughly enjoyed and most appreciably received.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Edward G. Roberts and Emma J. Gerard, Edward L. Kingsbury and Ella M. Barnett, were granted certificates of unalloyed bliss by Judge Gans today. Roberts is the Udall druggist who was in the toils a few weeks ago. His affianced then exhibited a determination to swing to him till the last armed foe expired, and he seemed to be of a ditto determination.

First settlement was made with the Probate Judge today in the estate of J. D. Hammond, deceased. Chas. Hammond was the administrator. The second annual settlement of J. J. Smith as guardian for the minor heirs, Florence and Lawrence Smith, was today filed with Judge Gans and approved.

Owing to the vast labor attached to culling out the druggists' record, we are a little late in presenting it this month. It will appear tomorrow, with suitable comments.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

A telegram from J. Wade McDonald, Washington, announces to Mr. S. L. Gilbert that his commission is signed. He has been a little blue of late while awaiting his expected appointment as Receiver of the U. S. Land Office at Wichita, but he changed color immediately when the telegram was put into his hand. He will make a first rate officer and we congratulated him heartily.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

I have just received a large assortment, and have more coming, of the best goods and the latest styles in the market, which I will make up to order or sell by the yard, at the lowest prices and first-class workmanship. A cordial invitation is extended to all to call and examine my goods. They are the best ever brought to Winfield, and when completed will give an assortment of over 500 different styles. A. Herpich, the Merchant Tailor, Over Post Office.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

A full line of the finest selection of guns and ammunition in the west at Horning & Whitney's, agents for Hazard power company.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

A complete line of the world renowned Garland cook stoves at Horning & Whitney's.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Wanted. Three hundred bushels of white oats. H. G. Fuller & Co.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Notice is hereby given that Isaac Wells will petition the Governor to pardon Charles Neal, convicted of grand larceny, in the district court in and for Cowley County, Kansas, at the December term thereof. Said petition will be presented to the board of pardons at their meeting to be held Oct. 13, 1885.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.


OFFICE over Wallis & Wallis' grocery store, first stairway north Farmers' Bank. Residence 1011, Church street, opposite M. E. Church.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The 30th judicial day of this term of the District Court convened Monday, Judge pro tem Dalton presiding. The case of A. E. Kirkpatrick vs. Herman Trafflick et al, was dismissed.

Parmelia H. Emley was given a divorce from William Emley, on grounds of abandonment.

The city of Winfield vs. J. C. McMullen was continued and cost bond fixed at $100.

Mary H. Buck vs. Whitfield D. Mathews et al: judgment for plaintiff for $3,612,37, with 10 per cent interest, and foreclosure of mortgage, the sheriff being appointed receiver.

Kathrine Esch vs. J. S. Shipman et al, suit to quiet title, judgment that the contract be reformed on payment of $2,479.45 to J. S. Shipman.

Lilly Carter vs. James Carter, divorce decreed on ground of abandonment, plaintiff given custody of minor children.

A. A. Lee vs. A. H. McMillin, leave given to file amended petition, 20 days for answer and reply.

State vs. Elias Burton: stricken from docket.

State vs. W. I. Burge, continued.

State vs. R. R. H. McGinnis, continued to first day of next term.

State vs. Mary Jeffries, continued to first day of next term and bond fixed at $700.

State vs. John Kennedy and F. L. Milligan, continued as to Kennedy, bond at $500.

State vs. John Otto: recognizance forfeited, case continued to next term.

State vs. John Cooley, cause dismissed.

State vs. Abner Carson: continued with bond at $400.

The regular jury was dismissed permanently for this term.

This term will hardly be permanently adjourned for a week or two yet, as a number of cases are pressing. At this writing the case of Henry Mowry, for the murder of J. P. Smith, is being presented to the Court with hopes of obtaining bail.


Our Militia, Light Artillery, and Bands Come Home From Topeka

With Bright Laurels.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Company C, the First Light Artillery, and the Courier Cornet and Juvenile Bands got home from the Topeka Soldiers Encampment Sunday morning at one o'clock. Our fellows were prominent variously in the Reunion. Company C, under its Captain, C. E. Steuven, was conceded to be by far the best drilled and best behaved company on the grounds, while our Artillery Company, under Capt. N. A. Haight, was the only one there. The Courier Cornet and Juvenile Bands received marked attention among the hundred or more bands present. They did themselves proud. The Border Buckskin Band, of Arkansas City, was also a good representative of Cowley, with its unique buckskin uniforms. Our folks all came home elated over the glorious week they spent. It was one of the grandest reunions ever held on American soil. Thursday last was the biggest day Topeka ever saw or ever will see again: over sixty thousand visitors present. Company C comes home with new equipments entire--new guns and complete tenting outfit.


It Materializes At Last and Will Now Boom Ahead.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The trustees of the M. E. College held their last meeting Tuesday and have left the building committee and Architect in full power to proceed at once with the work on the building, and they have begun as may be seen by the "Notice to Contractors" in another column. The building was located by the committee and architect yesterday and tomorrow it will be staked off. The contract for the excavation for the basement will be let next Saturday at 4 p.m., and Monday morning will see a busy life around the College Hill, which will end only when the building is completed, which will be in time for the opening of the first term in September, 1886. Architect Ritchie will have the complete superintendency of the building and is now well prepared, with his new rig, to go to the building on short notice and watch it closely, which will insure a building second to none in the west, so far as convenience, stability, and handsome appearance is concerned.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

John Soloman and Maggie Smith, colored, were taken in by Marshal McFadden Monday and lodged in our bastille, charged with illegal co-habitation. Maggie is too much married. Two weeks ago she left husband number one in Topeka for a visit at Arkansas City. She also visited a day or two here, met John Soloman, and both caught a bad case of struckology. Yesterday they were married. Smith expected his wife home several days ago and when she didn't come, began to skirmish and finding out about her goneness on Soloman, sent a warrant for her arrest. It didn't come in time to head off the marriage. Maggie is in a bad box. She is a young girl and good looking. John Soloman has been almost raised in Winfield, and has no superior record as a masher. That this mash is complete and sad is very apparent. He didn't know he was getting a second hand girl, he says. The case will come up before Judge Snow Thursday.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Yesterday Joe Shaffer, the colored boy who was given three months in the bastille for forging a six dollar order on Smith & Zook last spring, was given sweet freedom by the County Fathers. Before he came out, he appeared to be much interested in getting something out of his old belt. Jailor Finch told him to come out, and finish his job outside. Frank helped him out and found a five dollar bill wrapped around a silver dollar. Investigation showed that Shaffer had stolen this lucre from one Murphy, an Irishman serving out a "plain drunk." Murphy had smuggled the money in his fob pocket, the entrance search failing to be as rigid as the darkey. Murphy claimed the "pile," and Shaffer was chucked back in jail to answer to a pilfering charge. He is a saucy obstreperous youth of nineteen, and gave the officers lots of "lip" over the charge.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

I will let out cattle for stall feeding in bunches of from 100 up to suit feeder, and will pay eight dollars per 100 pounds increase, to April 15th. G. W. MILLER.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

The second quarterly official statement of the Winfield National Bank appears in this issue. It is a splendid exhibition, and shows that this bank is getting right to the front. It shows deposits of about one hundred and seventy-eight thousand, with resources of about three hundred and nine thousand. This bank is one of the soundest banks in the west. Starting but a short time ago as a National Bank, it is rapidly gaining in public esteem and confidence. Its official statement is highly creditable in every respect.

[Note: Tried to give figures as paper did relative to financial conditions of the bank indicated below. Per usual, figures do not correspond at all! Do not know if it is a case of the newspaper making mistakes or inability to read figures correctly on microfilm. It seems that quite often figures given by paper were inaccurate! MAW]

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.


Report of the condition of the First National Bank at Winfield in the State of Kansas, at the close of business October 1st, 1885.


Loans and discounts: $244,123.27

Overdrafts: 1,608.47

U. S. bonds to secure circulation: 31,250.00

Current expenses and taxes paid: 3,225.02

Premiums on bonds: 6,440.39

Real estate, furniture, and fixtures: 12,715.50

Redemption fund with U. S. treasurer: 1,406.00

Due from approved reserve agents: 22,210.45

Due from other national banks: 30,434.14

Due from state banks and bankers: 26,356.97 79,001.56

Legal tender notes: $28,700.00

Bills of other banks: 16,450.00

Gold coin: 17,000.00

Silver coin: 4,201.00

Nickels and Pennies: 496.08

Checks and other cash items: 5,024.46 63,871.49

TOTAL RESOURCES: $443,611.70


Capital stock paid in: $125,000.00

Surplus Fund: 1,026.74

Undivided profits: 9,748.03

Circulation: 28,120.00

Individual deposits subject to check: 262,639.93

Time certificates of deposit: 17,107.00 $279,746.93



I. W. C. Robinson, cashier of the First National Bank of Winfield, Kansas do solemnly swear that the above statement is true to the best of my knowledge and belief.

W. C. ROBINSON, Cashier.

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 7th day of October, 1885.

G. H. BUCKMAN, Notary Public.

My commission expires August 1st, 1888.




Capt. Huffman Expatiates On How We Did Up The Hoosiers.

Big Immigration Certain.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Capt. P. A. Huffman, prominent among the committee in charge of Cowley's victorious display at the Indiana State Fair at Indianapolis, writes as follows. The Captain is an old Indianian and speaks authoritatively of our success.

"The Cowley County fruit exhibit at the Indiana State Fair was the envy and the admiration of the thousands of Hoosier who saw it, and your modest exhibitors were overwhelmed with congratulations. The questions regarding Cowley County that were showered upon us, we answered to the best of our ability and we venture to say that the information was put where it would do the most good. There is a strong interest in Indiana regarding Kansas and the eyes of enterprising Hoosiers by the thousands are turned in that direction. I think you had better make preparation for a large influx of Indianians into Cowley if one tenth of the promises we have heard come to anything. Our display was in competition with that of five states and carried off all the honors. We had some difficulty in getting a proper location for our exhibit, owing to the very narrow mind of the superintendent, he thinking that it was all out of order to give us a space from the fact that our exhibit was calculated to take away their citizens. I at once proposed to box our fruit and leave, knowing full well that it would be a large advertisement for us, but the President, learning the fact, stopped it, and we were treated with much kindness. We really now have nothing to complain of, as the Cowley County exhibit received from the newspapers here, from all the horticulturists, even those who were in competition with us, and from everybody else, the most friendly and hearty praise. When we told the Hoosiers that Winfield was a city of 7,000 people, with gas, water works, and all the comforts of civilization, and that Arkansas City was a beautiful place of nearly 4,000 people, and both cities in a county 15 years old, which in 1870 had only 700 population, and today has over 35,000, they rolled their eyes in the wildest wonder. Tomorrow is the last day of the fair, but today closes our exhibit. I only wish to say as a steward of the people of Winfield, that I feel as I had done my whole duty, and further, never in all my life have I had the pleasure of working with a more liberal and industrious committee of men, generous to a fault. P. A. HUFFMAN.


A True Story and Suggestive of a New Dish for Hard Times.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

[Boston Courier.]

In a town on Cape Cod lives a French family, of which the head was once an officer in the Belgian army, where he seems to have acquired strange tastes. He is somewhat given to experiments in cookery, and frequently concocts dishes which are the astonishment of his neighbors. He has recently decided to take to himself a helpmeet and fixed upon a pretty Irish girl in the vicinity as a sweetheart. His knowledge of English, however, is so imperfect that he was forced to call in a music teacher to act as interpreter. Going to the Frenchman's house, the music teacher found great difficulty in conducting negotiations, owing to the continual interference of an old Irish woman, who kept demanding what she was there for.

"What are you here yourself for?" demanded the interpreter at length, losing patience.

"Och hone!" cried the other, "an' is it what I'm here for, bad luck to the day! Didn't I smell the lovelies, smell of victuals cookin' that ever struck my old nostrils, saints be wid ye; and' it was that temptin' that I couldn't kape me feet from the door. An' when I came in it was that saductive me mouth watered at the thought of it. An' they axed me would I taste the stew. 'Would I?' sez I. 'I would that,' sez I. An' wid that I set to; an' I will say it was the swatest morsel ever made a bridge across my old tongue, by the powers. It was that tempered with arbs an' with onions an seasonin' quite too uligant entirely. An' I up and sez I: 'Tis the best mate I ever ate,' sez I. An' wid that he up an' sez he: 'Do you know what it is?' sez he. 'No, by the faith,' sez I. 'Tis yer own cat1' sez he. 'Me cat!' sez I. 'Saints preserve us,' sez I. 'You're a villain!' sez I. An' wid that we had words, an' I'll not go home till it's some satisfaction I get for me cat; an' to think o' my sitting' there and' eatin' my own cat as ef I was a heathen Chinee!'" The story is a true one and suggests a new dish for hard times.


Had Enough of Bear Hunting to Last Him a Life-Time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

[Hoxawattomie Herald.]

Parson Gimp concluded last week he wanted bear meat for supper. So he went up the turn, put on show shoes, and soon was rushing thus along the ice, when out came the bear. He fired and the animal fell. Then, thinking the bear was mortally wounded, he discharged his other pistol, and immediately after the bear jumped up and rushed at him. He had given his knife to one caitiff knave and his stock to another to hold, and when he looked round both the caitiff knaves had fled and he was quite defenseless. In his show shoes he could not turn, he could only make a circuit. So he jumped out of them and tried to sink into the snow. He sank, but unfortunately not entirely, for the top of his head remained above the snow. The bear came and tore off the top of his head and both his eyelids, then it hobbled away, but the cold was so great he scarcely felt any pain.

By and by the peasant slaves returned, and he heard them say: "There is the bear sunk into the snow; now we can kill him." Dr. Gimp cried out: "Oh, no, indeed, I am not the bear," and they can and dug him out. But when they saw what a state he was in, they said: "Well, now it is evident that you must die; so we must leave you, but we will make you a fire that you may die comfortably, for, as for carrying you five days' journey back to Hoxawattomie, that is quite impossible." But Dr. Gimp offered the peasants so large a reward if they would only take him to some refuge that at last they consented, and they picked up the eyelids, too, and carried them to a neighboring house. Then the old woman of the place, when she saw the eyelids, said: "Oh, I will make that all right," and stuck them on; but she stuck them on the wrong sides, and they continue wrong now.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

Owing to the presence of rats in large numbers, Auburn Prison has been named "the rat hole," and it has been known locally by that title for years. Copper John's rat population outnumbers the convicts two to one. The largest organized rat hunt in the history of the institution occurred in the fall of 1878. The storeroom adjoining the kitchen, which is used as a depository for the edibles consumed by the convicts, at that time, was at the mercy of the rodents. Their work of destruction was very great. Flour, potatoes, and cooked meat suffered. It was thought that $10 a day would not cover the loss. An examination of the outer walls showed that the rats had no means of ingress or egress. It was determined to remove the old wooden floor and substitute a grouted bottom in its place.

One morning after breakfast the carpenters appeared in the kitchen armed with crowbars and hammers. All hands were summoned to the slaughter. Fifty men responded. Board after board was removed until six rows only remained. The rats scampered to the rear of the building, where their escape was cut off by the thick stone wall. They were wedged in so deeply that the space between the floor timbers and the ground at this point was literally packed. Four dogs--all renowned rat destroyers--participated in the sport. The brutes were as eager for the fray as the fifty convicts armed with sticks and clubs.

After a few boards had been removed, the dogs were sent under the floor. The enemy outnumbered them and drove them out in short order. The canines were badly demoralized, and, save one tan terrier, refused to return. This dog made the second trip, and came back with a large rat in its mouth. Spots of blood on its side and back told plainly of the hard encounter, but the game little fellow never uttered a cry of distress.

The rats were finally cornered, and the work of destruction began. It was a sight which will always be remembered, and, as viewed from a lofty position on a cross beam, presented a heterogeneous mass of rats, striped shirts, and an occasional glimpse of a dog. The battle lasted fully ten minutes. The shouting of the men, the squealing of the rats, the barking of the dogs, and the swinging of the weapons was a scene of rare occurrence. Strong men quailed before the foe; and one moment the crowd would surge back, and in the next move forward. The rats fought savagely, and so did the men. When the last rat had bitten the dust, a loud cheer went up from the victorious army, which brought the convicts from the surrounding buildings to the scene of conflict. The victors removed the bodies to an adjoining lane, where they were deposited, and by actual count numbered 467.

In spring time, when the water in the outlet is high, the prison yard and shops swarm with sewer rats. The animals are larger than the common rat. They are very ferocious, and will battle with an ordinary-sized dog.

Some convicts adopt rats as pets. They capture and tame them while young, and carry them about their persons. A negro once had three of the strange pets. He carried them in the pockets of his jacket. When he called them by name, they would come forth and perch upon his shoulders, and never left their quarters in his coat until each was summoned by name. One of them was a clever tight-rope performer. Night guards were occasionally privileged to witness the performance of this athletic rat upon a stout cord stretched across its master's cot.


Of Course It Ends in a Marriage Ceremony.

The Latter Took Place at a Railroad Depot.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 8, 1885.

[Fort Worth (Texas) Special.]

A romantic nuptial ceremony took place in the Union Depot at midnight last night. There arrived on the Missouri Pacific passenger train from the North a very comely woman about twenty-six years of age. As she stepped from the train, she looked eagerly around and then quickly stepped up to a fine-looking man who had a white handkerchief bound around his right arm. An eager conversation followed, and then the couple entered the ladies' waiting-room, where the wedding ceremony was quickly performed. Five years ago the now happy bridegroom, Dr. H. C. Lane, then a widower, met his new bride, Miss Alice Towsley, of Port Washington, Wisconsin, in San Antonio, where she was then visiting. They were frequently thrown together, and a warm friendship sprung up between them, which quickly ripened into love and a marriage engagement. This, however, was bitterly opposed by Miss Towsley's father, who had been a staunch Union soldier, and positively declared he would never consent to his daughter marrying a rebel soldier. No amount of entreaty could induce the old gentleman to give his consent. The young woman was compelled to return to her Northern home unwedded. Love's flame was, however, kept alive by correspondence. In the meantime, Dr. Lane dropped his pill-bags and devoted his whole energies to the cattle business, and has been highly successful. The meeting last night was the result of an arrangement by the young woman, who was to leave her Wisconsin home and come to Fort Worth and there meet and be united to her lover, who agreed to make his way over the prairies from his ranch. The meeting was happily consummated. The Rev. Thomas Ish, of Brown County, who was at the depot preparatory to taking a train for home, was called upon and performed the marriage ceremony. When the reverend man was approached, it was discovered he was the same minister who had officiated at Dr. Lane's marriage to Miss Collins fifteen years ago in this city, and this was the first meeting between the two men since that time. This was regarded as a good omen by the happy couple, who will leave tomorrow for the doctor's ranch.




The Marriage of Mr. Ezra M. Nixon and Miss Jessie Millington Thursday Night.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Thursday night was the occasion of one of the most brilliant weddings in the history of the city, that of Mr. Ezra H. Nixon and Miss Jessie Millington, which took place at the pleasant, commodious home of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington. The wide acquaintance and popularity of the contracting parties, with the fact that the bride was the last child of a happy home, made the marriage anticipated with warm interest. The parents had planned a celebration fitting to the departure in marriage of the last and youngest member of their household--the one who was the greatest pride and joy to their ripened years.

Thirteen children and grandchildren were present, including Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Lemmon, of Newton, with their children, Masters Bertie Flint, Allen B., Jr., and Fred and little Miss Mary; Mr. and Mrs. J. Ex Saint, of Acoma Grant, New Mexico, with their little daughters, Irene and Louise; Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Wilson, of this city, and Master Roy. Mr. and Mrs. S. C. Millington, of McCune, Kansas, were also among the relatives present.

At an early hour the large double parlors, sitting room, and hall were filled almost to overflowing by the following friends.

Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Kennedy, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Schuler, Dr. and Mrs. Geo. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Capt. and Mrs. J. S. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Buckman, Mr. and Mrs. S. L. Gilbert, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, Rev. and Mrs. H. D. Gans, Col. and Mrs. J. C. McMullen, Senator and Mrs. W. P. Hackney, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bedilion, Mr. and Mrs. Ed P. Greer, Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Short, Judge and Mrs. T. H. Soward, Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Root, Mr. and Mrs. L. H. Webb, Senator and Mrs. J. C. Long, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Balliet, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Harter, Senator and Mrs. F. S. Jennings, Mr. and Mrs. O. Branham, Mr. and Mrs. R. Oliver, Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Richards; Mesdames J. C. Fuller, A. T. Spotswood, E. P. Hickok, Ed Beeney, T. B. Myers, A. C. Bangs, Judd, H. H. Albright; Misses Emma Strong, Sallie McCommon, Nettie R. McCoy, Annie McCoy, Anna Hunt, Margie Wallis, Lizzie Wallis, Ida Johnston, Leota Gary, Sadie French, Hattie Stolp, Lena Walrath, Minnie Taylor, Huldah Goldsmith, and Lillie Wilson; Messrs. R. E. Wallis, C. Perry, Geo. C. Rembaugh, C. F. Bahntge, W. C. Robinson, E. Wallis, Ad Brown, Lewis Brown, Ed J. McMullen, Frank H. Greer, P. H. Albright, I. L. Millington, T. J. Eaton, M. J. O'Meara, M. H. Ewart, R. B. Rudolph, M. Hahn, James Lorton, C. D. Dever, E. Schuler, F. F. Leland, Lacey Tomlin, Jos. O'Hare, Eli Youngheim, H. Sickafoose, H. Goldsmith, Moses Nixon, L. D. Zenor, and George Schuler.

At 8:30 the chatter of merry voices was ceased for a few moments and the bridal pair appeared, amid the sweet strains of Mendelsohns' wedding march, by Miss Nettie R. McCoy. The bride was on the arm of her father and the groom accompanied by the bride's mother. The bride looked beautiful in an exquisite costume of white Egyptian lace, with white satin slips. The groom was tastefully attired in conventional black. The ceremony, pronounced by Rev. H. D. Gans, was beautiful and impressive. The heartiest congratulations ensued and gaiety unrestrained again took possession of all. At the proper hour a banquet of choice delicacies was served and hugely enjoyed. The banquet over, an hour was spent in jovial converse, when the happy participants in a wedding most auspicious departed with renewed congratulations and wishes for a long, happy, and prosperous life for the bridal pair.

The voyage of Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Nixon certainly starts with a bright sky. The bride has grown to womanhood in Winfield, taking on, with a sweet disposition and ever active ambition, those accomplishments which most lastingly adorn. She will be greatly missed in the social circle in which she has taken such an active part for years, and especially will she be missed from the home of which she has been the principal life and light. Mr. Nixon is well known in this city, being one of its oldest residents and possessed of many sterling qualities. The happy pair leave in a few days for Medicine Lodge, where the groom is established in business, and where they will reside.

The bridal tokens were numerous, valuable, and handsome--the admiration of all who saw the array last night.


Mrs. Millington, bride's mother, plush rocking chair.

Mr. Samuel Nixon, Utica, Iowa, groom's father, check for $1,000.

Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Lemmon, Newton, Kansas, bride's sister, plush reception chair.

Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Saint, Grants, New Mexico, bride's sister, dinner set, decorated china.

Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Wilson, bride's sister, decorated chamber set.

Miss Anna Nixon, Utica, Iowa, groom's sister, two table scarfs.

Moses Nixon, groom's brother, five dollars.

Mr. and Mrs. R. E. Wallis and son, Amberina water set and tray.

Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Robinson, hammered brass plaque.

Mr. and Mrs. O. Branham and Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Miller, silver syrup pitcher.

Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Albro, pink satin toilet set.

Miss Maggie Taylor, beveled mirror, bronze frame.

Misses Margie Wallis, Lizzie Wallis, and Sadie French, silver and glass berry bowl.

T. J. Eaton, silver card receiver.

Mr. and Mrs. S. L. Gilbert and Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Soward, silver fruit knives.

Mr. and Mrs. I. C. Long, silver pie knife.

Misses Calhoun and Morford, silver nut-cracker and picks.

Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Hackney and Mr. and Mrs. H. E. Asp, silver butter pads.

Mr. and Mrs. Arthur C. Bangs, silver cake basket.

Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, silver card receiver.

Misses Minnie Taylor, Leota Gary, and Ida Johnston, silver napkin rings.

Mr. and Mrs. L. H. Webb, Mr. and Mrs. E. Beeney, and Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Balliet, silver and cut glass jelly dishes.

Mr. and Mrs. F. D. Blackman and Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Kennedy, silver and mosaic vases.

Frank H. Greer, silver card receiver.

Messrs. G. H. Schuler, James Lorton, and R. Hudson, silver and cut glass pickle caster.

Mr. and Mrs. Ed P. Greer, silver cake basket.

Mr. Harry Bahntge, silver soup tureen and ladle.

Mr. and Mrs. J. C. McMullen, silver breakfast carter.

Henry and Huldah Goldsmith, plush album.

Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Dr. and Mrs. Geo. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Brown, Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Hunt, Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Root, Mr. W. C. Robinson, and Mr. C. F. Bahntge, silver tea set, five pieces.

Mr. and Mrs. Geo. C. Rembaugh, willow rocking chair.

Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Doane, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Tomlin, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Horning, Mr. and Mrs. D. L. Kretsinger, and Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Spotswood, pair of fine, heavy wool blankets with "warm regards."

Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bedilion, Chas. S. Dever and mother, and Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Garvey, of Topeka, decorated china after dinner coffee cups and saucers.

Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Bitting, of Wichita, bronze plaque, "entertaining his play fellows."

Mr. and Mrs. E. W. Holloway, of Sedan, silver and cut glass pickle castor.

Miss Clara Garvey of Topeka, embroidered chair scarf.

Miss Mamie Garvey of Topeka, ornamented butter pads.

Miss Jennie Hane, Freeport, Illinois, solid silver sugar spoon.

Mr. W. W. Walton, Clay Center, plush shoe scissors case.

Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Holloway, Omaha, Nebraska, Amberina berry dish.

Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Richards, of Wellington, blue brocade plush corner chair.

Messrs. L. D. Zenor, S. L. Overstreet, H. E. Noble, W. J. McKinney, G. W. Ellis, and A. L. Noble, all of Medicine Lodge, reed rocking chair.

Mrs. E. P. Hickok, Mrs. J. P. Short, and Mrs. Geo. Emerson, bouquet of cut flowers.

Messrs. Lewis and Addison Brown and E. T. Schuler, copy of Evangeline in Alligator.

Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Hunt and Miss Anna, hand painted table scarf.

Miss Sadie French, Turkish rug.

Mr. and Mrs. F. S. Jennings and Mrs. T. B. Myers, Smyrna rug.

Miss Sallie McCommon, bouquet of cut flowers.

Misses Nettie P. and Annie McCoy, silver and cut glass bouquet holder.

Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, silver cake basket.

Mrs. F. S. Jennings, ebony clock.

Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Harter, silver berry spoon.

Dr. Perry and family and Mrs. F. M. Albright and family, celluloid toilet set.

Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Bliss, silver bouquet holder.

Mrs. E. J. Albright, painting and easel.

W. J. McClellan, silver salt cups.

Mr. and Mrs. R. S. Wilson and Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Hendricks, pair silver goblets.

Mr. and Mrs. G. H. Buckman, silver and cut glass perfumery bottle.

Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Schuler, hanging lamp.

Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Pryor and Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Hickok, silver berry bowl and spoon.

Mr. Jos. O'Hare, silver goblet.

Messrs. T. J. Eaton, Geo. D. Headrick, M. H. Ewart, Eli Youngheim, W. H. Dawson, Byron Rudolph, M. J. O'Meara, and M. Hahn, silver pitcher, tray, and goblets.

Mrs. C. Strong and daughter, Amberina egg cups.

Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Lundy, silver caster.

Mr. and Mrs. H. D. Gans, silver napkin rings.

Mr. and Mrs. C. M. Leavitt, hand painted sofa pillow.

Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Short, steel engraving, Lancelot.

Miss Lena Walrath, hand painted pin cushion.

Messrs. Lacey Tomlin, D. H. Sickafoose, and Ed J. McMullen, Geo. Elliott's complete works.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

We are glad we have given the Telegram something which it can talk about so as to give it some life. This week's issue is filled up about the awful, awful things that the COURIER said about Capt. Hunt, Fred Hunt, and John Ledlie. One would think from its tirades in editorial, local, and correspondence columns, all about the COURIER, that we had set the world on fire, and choked up the waterworks so that the fire could not be extinguished. Fortunately the fire is only raging in the brain of the Telegram. Wonder where he gets his whiskey? We reckon the three victims do not feel as bad about it as the Telegram man does. The following are the local notes on the Democratic Convention which appeared in the COURIER of Saturday and which so terribly upset the Telegram.

"Two good a thing to let go out of the family. If I can't get it, may be Fred. Democratic for revenue only, can."--County Clerk Hunt.

"Pa was there and smiled as nicely as you please when Dr. Cole nominated me. But how in the nation can Pa support me after that card he published in THE COURIER?"--Fred Hunt.

Ye Gods! Compare the two tickets!! The kid against the staunch old soldier; corpulency against the big hearted, eloquent and public spirited Tom Soward; a man almost unknown against the popular and enterprising Capt. Nipp, an old soldier and a patriot--and so on clear through.

Then on Monday the COURIER expressed full confidence in Capt. Hunt's political integrity, which seems to have been like salt and vinegar to the Telegram's wounds.


Two Men Tap the Phillips House Till for $150 and Come to Winfield.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Sheriff Henderson and John Crenshaw, landlord of the Phillips house, Wellington, were over Friday on the hunt of a tall man and a little man, exact description unknown, who relieved John's money till of $150 yesterday morning at four o'clock. The night clerk, about to wake up the day clerk, took his keys from his pocket, unlocked the money drawer for some causal purpose, when two men who were sitting in the office sprang on him, one of them saying, "It's in a big envelope in the lower part of the drawer!" Before they got the envelope, they tied the night clerk's hands and feet, gagged him, and left him on the floor. They got the booty and lit out. The $150 had been put in the drawer by the clerk before retiring, and the night clerk knew nothing of it, hence no suspicions were aroused in him regarding the fellows who came into the office, and sat around with such deliberation--he paid little attention to them. The day clerk came down at 5 o'clock, released the night clerk, and put the officers on. The robbers came to Winfield on the early freight. Our officials were telegraphed, but the description was too meagre to do any good. Henderson and Crenshaw also failed to get any track, excepting that a tall man and a small man got off here, paying fare from Wellington.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The petition laid over from the last meeting of the Board, asking the boundary lines of old Tisdale township be reinstated, came up Friday afternoon. A remonstrance signed by three hundred citizens of Richland township, sixty-one of whom reside in south Richland, formerly Tisdale, was presented. The first petition asking the reinstatement had less than a hundred signatures.

"We the undersigned citizens of Tisdale township, having, through a misunderstanding, signed a petition to your honorable body asking you to re-change the boundary lines, etc., of Tisdale township, now, after further consideration of the matter in controversy, ask and authorize our names to be changed from said petition to the remonstrance against the change of boundary lines as now defined by act of the Legislature; believing it is better for all parties to have the township organization stand as it now exists."

The matter being amicably settled by the parties themselves, by good majority, the Board rejected the petition for reinstatement. The County Clerk was instructed to notify the Governor of vacancy in office of Justice in Omnia township.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The city council held an adjourned meeting Wednesday afternoon.

The issue of the $20,000 in bonds to the K. C. & S. W. was ordered.

Sidewalk petition of Wm. C. Allen et al, for walk running out past Samuel Lowe's to the Highland Park, was granted and an ordinance passed.

The following bills were ordered paid: Black & Rembaugh, printing, $25; J. O. Stewart, city engineer, $16.50; city officers' salaries for September, $129.98; John Roberts, work on streets, $7.87; Paris & Harrod, dirt on streets, $111.70; J. C. McMullen, rent for fire department building for September, $25; Hendricks & Wilson, supplies, street commissioner, $190; Rinker & Harris, oil, $10; B. McFadden, burying dogs, $1.75; special police during fair and circus, $17.50.

Sidewalk petition of Ed. P. Greer and others was granted.

The city marshal was instructed to stop the running of water into the ditches from the street fountains.

Pauper claims of $90 were referred to the county commissioners for payment.

The council adjourned to next Monday evening.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The county commissioners are grinding on road cases. The viewers' report in the Tousley county road was adopted and damages allowed Rolf $30 and W. J. Humbert, $60; petition in the A. Bryan road was granted and Robert Hamil, Yates Smith and T. Williams appointed viewers; in the Irving Cole road and same men appointed viewers; in the O. A. Olmstead road, with S. D. Black, J. L. Andrews, and R. E. Goodrich, viewers; in the J. W. Parker road, with Jos. Shaw, H. Wilkins, and John W. Tull, viewers; in the E. D. Carter road, with S. D. Black, J. L. Andrews, and R. E. Goodrich, viewers; the W. Ketchem road was laid over to the January term. The S. E. Scott road was rejected.

Lotta Bennett, whose two months' sentence for adultery with George Bethel, had expired, was released. She is in bad shape to be turned out on the world--enceinte, with but five dollars and among strangers. She is trying to get a place to work. Her position is indeed pitiable, but brought on by her own misdeeds.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

W. A. Ellsworth, of Foreman, Dakota, says: "St. Patrick's Pills give the best of satisfaction." Try them and you will use no other, either for the liver or as a cathartic. Sold by Brown & Son.


Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Willie Hodges is now one of the First National Bank force.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Mrs. R. L. Spencer is visiting in Nebraska, taking in a family reunion.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Uncle Billy Moore is quite sick at his home. We hope he will soon recover.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Mr. S. C. Millington, brother of THE COURIER senior, arrived from Crawford County Thursday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Senator Hackney came in Thursday from several days at Anthony on legal "biz" in Harper County's District Court.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Will C. Higgins, the rustler of the Udall Sentinel, was doing the hub Friday, and fell in on THE COURIER. We are always glad to see Will.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Bliss & Wood are the first to ship three car loads of flour north on the new road. They went loaded Thursday for Latham, Atlanta, and points on the "Frisco."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

"It hurts my feelings to hear a Republican abused, for I ran a Republican paper lately myself. Now I'm a Democrat and will fight it out on this line." D. E. SEAVER.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Charley Harter is remodeling his billiard parlor under the Brettun. The tables will be recovered and the Brettun can boast of a billiard parlor second to none in the State.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

J. Ex. Saint came in from New Mexico Wednesday, very unexpectedly. He was on the grand jury and had given up hope of getting off in time to reach Winfield for tonight.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

We received a pleasant call from Mr. John Fouche, President of the First National Bank, El Dorado, Friday. He is an old friend of Mr. A. D. Hendricks and a guest at their home.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Mr. Cyrus Cotton and daughter, of Bluffton, Indiana, are here for a visit with his old friend, Rev. J. H. Reider. He is an extensive stock dealer and looks over our county with a view of locating.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Ed J. McMullen & Co. have just received from Chicago one of Macneal & Urban's finest safes. It has a time lock and is fire and burglar proof. Fred Kropp moved it to the office today.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

G. L. Rinker brings us in some very curious twin apples: two pair of them. They are both from the same stem, grown together, yet distinct apples in shape. This is a good year for nature freaks.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Cal. Ferguson got home Friday from the St. Louis Fair. He says it was immense. The exhibits of the New Orleans World's Fair were nearly all there, making a grand show in addition to the Missouri attractions.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Mrs. Helen M. Gougar came in from El Dorado Friday and will be the guest of Mr. and Mrs. H. G. Fuller for a day or two. She has bought property on 10th avenue east, and thinks strongly of locating in Winfield.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Misses Nona Calhoun and Bert Morford left Thursday, the former for a month with friends in St. Joe and the latter for the same time with Miss Sallie Bass, at Choteau, Kansas, near K. C. Miss Calhoun will return to spend the winter here.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Col. McMullen's sale of brood mares and colts was held Wednesday at his residence. He sold some eighteen or more. The Colonel has now disposed of all his stock but a dozen or more head of blooded horses. He will sow his 800 acre Omnia township farm to tame grass.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Lou Zenor fell into our den Friday for an old time chat. That wild and wooly cow-boy paradise, Medicine Lodge, hasn't greatly transformed him. He hung his spurs and deadly belt on the corporation line before coming into town, and appeared the same smiling lad as of yore.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

G. W. Miller shipped a car load of hogs over the Kansas City and Southwestern railroad Thursday for St. Louis. Mr. Miller is always on deck. He generally gets there first. It was the first swine shipped over this road as through freight. G. W. will keep it red hot with his large shipments.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Mr. Kretsinger, secretary of the Cowley County Fair, informs us that premium checks are now ready, according to the official publication in THE COURIER. All parties interested will please call at Mr. Kretsinger's office and get their checks. All checks will be paid at the First National Bank.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Joe Shaffer, who was chucked back in jail the other day, just after his sentence on an order of forgery, was tried before Judge Snot Friday for stealing six dollars from a fellow prisoner and got thirty more days in jail. He is a colored boy of nineteen. His first criminal experience is tough enough to cure him.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Mr. Handy sat up Wednesday with his corn pile to keep away some fellows he had reason to suppose were going corning. While he sat there the corn thieves went around on the opposite side of the house to the barn, took out the horse and buggy, and lit out. Mr. Handy found his horse and buggy this morning in the northeast part of town.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Seaver says the Democratic ticket is "one of the strongest ever promulgated by the Democracy." Yes, it is strong--very strong--with whiskey. C. A. Thompson, the Democratic nominee for sheriff, has only been up three times before a magistrate for unlawfully selling whiskey and beer--purely Democratic soup. Oh, yes, it is an awfully strong ticket.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

W. C. King, and old friend of James McLain, is here from Upper Sandusky, Ohio, looking to real estate investment and location. He is one of Ohio's oldest dry goods merchants, from which business he will retire. After traveling all over Kansas, he pronounces Winfield and Cowley County far ahead of all. He is charmed with our grand natural advantages and immediate prospects.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

H. F. Hornady shows us an ancient but very neatly got up book, being the first seventy-eight numbers of the "Gospel of Liberty," published in the years 1808, 1809, and 1810 at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, every other Thursday evening, by Elias Smith, at his house near Jeffrey street at one dollar per year. It seems to be a liberal, semi-religious newspaper and is now available as a relic of old times.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

White Rabbit, a chief, came up from Arkansas City Thursday and gave us a row. He also gave us a pair of beaded moccasins, simply because our paper had an arrow head. We asked him if he was feeling pretty good and he said: "No! Indian sick--no libty in Arkan Citee--no whisk--no pop fizz!" We diagnosed his case and found that he had an enlargement of the gall. It had grown so that it pressed his melt against his sixth rib and drove one lobe of his liver up and under his shoulder blade. His throat was dry and feverish; his limbs were stiff from lack of "joint water," his flesh was dry and withered. There was not a roast of steak in his anatomy, not even a good bone. We took him to a friendly apothecary, filed a caveat to be sent to the patent office, and got him a bottle of "pop fizz." He took the medicine all at one dose. Pretty soon his eyes brightened and he moved with more alacrity. All of a sudden he threw off his blanket and skipped around on one leg and shouted, "whoop pop fizz! Heap big good! Give White Rabbit much!" The apothecary declined and made him take up his blanket and leave. The last seen of White Rabbit he was prowling around Packer's corral trying to scoop a pony.


Cowley's Invalids Convalescing.

Only Four Barrels of Whiskey and 422 Bottles of Beer

Necessary To Drive Off September's Ills.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Cowley's invalids are recovering. Their interior departments are relaxing from their strike, as is indicated by the druggists' filings of October first. As an indication of how prohibition works in Cowley County, this monthly probate record is a splendid index. The only alternatives in procuring the "medicine" that makes g-a-l-o-r-i-o-u-s, have simmered down to "sickness" and a statement or prescription. And our druggists are gradually growing more cautious. They don't so readily take a man's "statement" that whiskey or beer is always a sure cure for all the ills and various vicissitudes of life--even a guilty conscience. The risk is too great for the lucre there is in it. Cowley has officers who are ever on the alert, and no violator can long evade the retribution the law metes out--the jail and disgrace. No man can scrutinize this monthly record and note the universal good order among our citizens without being forcibly impressed with the universal enforcement of the liquor law in Cowley County. It has grown to be a commonly accepted fact that won't down. It is enforced --or rather observed, for little necessity is found by our alert officials for force--even better than is the law against theft. The druggists record shows about all the liquor drank in Cowley. It is now rare that liquor is received through the express offices--very rare. It's too expensive--must come in too large lots. Most of the "plain drunks" in the police court now are produced by the meanest and most dangerous subterfuges for whiskey: Hop Bitters, Tippecanue for consumption and female complaints, and such stuff are gulped in the absence of the genuine forty rod article. The September record indicates that most of our druggists are doing as near the square thing as possible. It is not an easy matter to be an honorable druggist as one would suppose. A conscientious druggist will daily find occasion to refuse the statement of his best friend, with the risk of making him an enemy. But the people generally are getting to honor the druggist who exhibits such backbone, and in the long run every unlawful statement he refuses--every one he refuses to fill when he has doubt that it is for a beverage--places him that much firmer in the esteem and patronage of all law-abiding people. No greater evidence could be given in the last few days, with three or four hundred railroad Paddies here. Not a "plain drunk" has been in the police court for a week. These railroaders have plenty of money, have been no place where they could spend it for two months, and as one of them remarked to our reporter Tuesday night, "Ah, ba dad, and if we cud ondly git the 'stuff,' how we'd take yer town tonight!" Some of these fellows have been "full" enough to feel good, but sticking from their pockets was usually a bottle of "Tippecanue, for female complaints." They ransacked the town for the genuine article and couldn't get enough to make a good, oratorical drunk.

Following is the druggists' record for September, as gleaned from the records of the Probate Court.

[I skipped detailed report.]

Druggists named in Winfield: Williams, Glass, Harter, Brown.

Druggists named in Arkansas City: Steinberger, Fairclo, Mowry & Co., Eddy, Kellogg & Co., Brown.

Druggists named in other towns: Avery, Grand Summit; Woolsey, Burden; Roberts, Udall; Martin, Udall; Rule, Cambridge; Phelps, Dexter; Phelps, Burden.

September first the druggists of Winfield filed 922 statements, representing 603 pints of whiskey, 37 bottles of beer, and 370 pints of other "mechanicals."

The September record shows an increase of 97 pints of whiskey and a decrease of 18 bottles of beer and 37 pints in other drinks. Arkansas City filed September first 1,472 statements, to show for 840 pints of whiskey, 151 bottles of beer, and 285 pints of various liquors--the October record showing a decrease of 28 pints of whiskey, an increase of 143 bottles of beer, and 65 pints of other "medical purposes." Mowry & Co. seem to have the sick bovine by the horns at Arkansas City, and are making a record too strong to be healthy. Steinberger still holds his lionship in whiskey, but beer seems to have soured on him. The most promising improvement in invalids comes from the "other towns." Their record for August shows 929 statements, for 610 pints of forty rod, 419 bottles of beer, and 280 pints of various mechanicals. The October record gives a decrease of 187 pints of "rot-gut," and 310 bottles of beer. This is a showing most creditable. The September record for the county is the smallest yet filed--a splendid indication.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

"He has been a Democrat ever since he has been old enough to distinguish between the two parties and their principles."--Telegram about Freddie Hunt. How extremely slow in maturity must have been Freddie's intellect--so slow that he couldn't "distinguish between the two parties" until three years ago, when he married into the Democratic party, kicked off his preceding Republicanism, which he had so often declared a genuine chip off the old block, and began to scribble thin pablum in a "tariff for revenue only." Yes, Freddie is hoary headed in Democracy. He will soon die. So feeble is he that nobody will know that he is trying to put on his Pa's boots. And those who do find it out will treat it as a burlesque too huge for contemplation. When a young man gets his eyes so covered with film, his being so lethargic, his ambition so groveling, his progress so dead, as to drop from the ranks of Republicanism--the ranks of progress, purity, and reform--into the Democratic party, his coffin is ready and will soon encase him. Requiescat, Freddie.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Harris & Clark, the leading real estate firm of Winfield, have sold over $1,500 worth of property in Highland Park since Oct. 4th. Those desiring houses in the most beautiful part of the city should call on Harris & Clark and secure a lot in this beautiful addition at once.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Wellington's two dailies have been consolidated. Allison has sold his Wellingtonian to the Press Publishing Company, of which Jacob Stotler is president. The Daily Press will now be Wellington's only daily. This is proper. Such towns are too small for two dailies, but will support one good one. Let the Press bristle up, run a first-class paper in every respect, and its success is assured--will soon be an established fact, as is the success of THE DAILY COURIER. W. M. Allison, though having an interest in the Press Company, is now out of active newspaper work, but says he will remain in Wellington in some other vocation. It will seem queer to see Billy doing anything but newspaper work.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Beautiful October, the most bounteous and glorious month of the calendar, is abroad in all its glory, and with it come the bright, crispy mornings, hazy days, and incomparable evenings. It is the month when the yellow pumpkin dons his golden coat, and the luscious apples, peaches, etc., slightly touched by the magical fingers of Jack Frost are at their best. And then the pleasures of going hunting. The superb sport of gadding over the whole country and returning home with a cotton tail and a rapacious appetite. A few more weeks and the forerunner of winter will be here, and then is the winter of our discontent! Hang.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

James M. Pierce, Thomas Anderson, and R. B. Elliott, Kansas City, are Brettuned.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The boys in the art department of the COURIER have stopped the chills by the acquisition of a bran splinter new heat-stove and a few old air holes in the windows stopped by "puttying" new glass. Thanks, boss.


Her Fruit Gets the First Premium at the Saint Louis Fair.

More Flattering Press Notices.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Capt. P. A. Huffman, Mr. J. D. Guthrie, and Mr. S. P. Strong, who with President Jas. F. Martin, had charge of Cowley's grand agricultural and horticultural display at the Indiana state fair at Indianapolis last week, got home yesterday. They are hilariously enthusiastic over the magnificent success of our display. It was the biggest strike ever made for our splendid county. The committee were continuously besieged by eager witnesses and enquirers. Our committee did stalwart work in advertising Cowley. Besides the wonderful surprise and admiration elicited by our mammoth productions, thousands of circulars were distributed, showing up the vast resources of our county. Our fame was spread all over the east by this grand display, and an immense immigration is a surety. But the crowning point to our exhibit was the fact that a Michigan exhibitor who was downed by Cowley, bought thirty-five varieties of fruit from our display, took them to St. Louis, and took the first premium with them as Michigan apples--Cowley's victory, you see. Think of our young county getting the first honors in such an exposition, and competing as fruit from Michigan, but glorious for Cowley County. That we can down the world for prolific productions is assured. The fourteen-year-old kid gets away with its full grown cotemporaries of any age or breed. Hip! Hip!! Hurrah!!! Messrs. Huffman, Martin, Guthrie, and Strong have the sincere appreciation of every citizen for the grand work they have done in this big advertisement.


The Indiana Weekly Farmer, the representative agricultural journal of that state, gave our display this notice: "Cowley County, Kansas, with its splendid displays of peaches, pears, apples, etc., made our eyes stand out with wonder, and our mouth water with longing to taste. Such large, showy, perfect fruit it would be impossible to collect in our state, and it will not be strange if Kansas gets a large increase of Indiana immigration as a result of showing how highly nature has favored her in this respect."


The Indianapolis Bulletin grew enthusiastic and said: "It was hardly the fair thing for Cowley County, Kansas, to send such a superb exhibit of agricultural produce to the Indiana state fair because our farmers can't help wanting to go to Kansas and raise similar produce when they view the line this county displays. Such fruits, melons, vegetables, grain, etc., as is shown in this exhibit must raise visions of Eldorado, and truly give Kansas a wonderful advertisement. The exhibit is made by the Cowley County Fair Association, of which J. F. Martin is president and S. P. Strong, vice-president."


A Woman From Udall Passes a $50 Counterfeit Bill at J. B. Lynn's.

Pleads Innocense.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Thursday a tall, comely woman about thirty years old, with black hair, dark blue eyes, and a lame foot went into J. B. Lynn's dry goods establishment and purchased twenty-five dollars worth of goods, among them a suit of clothes, which she said was for her husband. She tendered the clerk a fifty dollar bill. It was put on the elevated railway and sent to the cashier, who promptly sent back the twenty-five dollars in change, and the woman left with her bundle, saying her wagon was only a block away and thanked the clerk for his declined offer to carry her bundles. At night when the cash was made up the bill was found to be the worst kind of a counterfeit--an old Missouri defense bond, issued in 1862, promising that Missouri would pay its State militia so much after such date. The Missouri militia "licked" by the blue coats and the union restored, these "defense bonds" were repudiated--became perfectly worthless. Mr. Lynn, as soon as the counterfeit was discovered, set about to find the passer. Sheriff McIntire soon got the scent, learned that she had gone to Udall on the day before on the train, and with Mr. Lynn, went after her. She was found in a neat rented house and was shocked at the charge that she had passed a bad bill. She said when herself and husband left Indiana, she took possession of the money received for their household goods. This was the largest bill among it and she had saved it, disliking to break it till the last alternative, which came Thursday. She didn't know from whom she got the bill. Her husband is an itinerant insurance man. They have no children. He came down to Winfield, horseback, the day she bought the suit for him. She claims that the reason he didn't go with her to get the suit was because of his shabby appearance. They have only been at Udall a week. She told a very straight story, which coupled with her appearance in the matter, convinced Mr. Lynn and the sheriff that she passed the bill innocently. It has little resemblance to a genuine bill. It is worn till the print is scarcely discernible. The woman gave her name as Nannie Brown and returned the goods and twenty dollars in money, all the money she had, and promised to bring or send the other five dollars down next Tuesday. No prosecution was made. The clerks of Lynn's establishment will have "a hy like a heagle" in taking in wealth hereafter.


The Fifteenth Annual Meeting of the Walnut Valley Baptist Association.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The fifteenth annual gathering of the Walnut Valley Baptist Association assembled with the Baptist church of this city yesterday at 10:30 a.m. In the absence of the Moderator, Rev. W. F. Harper, of Wichita, was called to the chair; Rev. W. J. Sandefur, of Sunny Dale, clerk.

The annual sermon was preached by Rev. J. C. Post, of Wichita, from the text, 1st Cor. I-31.32. Subject, "God's purpose of restoring man from sin to holiness." Points made were 1st, Christ given to set aside the effects of the fall.

Among the things to be done for man is fit him for companionship with God--

1st. He must be made wise. 2nd. He must be made righteous. 3rd. He must be sanctified. 4th. Redeemed. 5th. He will be glorified. The sermon was a timely and able effort, and was well received by the congregation.

The Chair appointed the following committee.

On enrollment: Rev. W. Bates, of El Dorado; Miller, of Augusta; and Bro. W. D. Bastow, Wellington.

On religious services: Pastor Reider and the Deacons of the Winfield church.

The moderator read the Constitution and Rules of order. The church letter of Winfield was read, after which the Association adjourned with prayer and benediction by D. W. Saunders.


Half hour devotional service, conducted by Bro. W. D. Bastow. The reading of letters were then taken up as follows.

Augusta: Pastor J. H. Citter; Arkansas City, Pastor F. Walker; El Dorado, Pastor, W. E. Bates; Bethel, Pastor F. W. White; Fairview, no pastor; Floral, Pastor C. B. Childs; Grand View, Pastor J. B. Conner; Kechi, Pastor W. L. Sandefur; Leon, Pastor J. S. Buckner. The reading of these letters was very encouraging. On motion of F. A. Brady, twenty brethren were invited to a seat in the body.

Following is a complete list of the delegates present.

Arkansas City: Rev. F. L. Walker, Mrs. Charlotte Pillsbury, Mrs. A. B. Gray, Mrs. Peed, and Mrs. F. L. Walker.

Augusta: Rev. J. H. Miller, E. W. and Mrs. Eva Jones.

Bethel: F. W. White and J. B. Robertson.

Douglass: Rev. Geo. M. Fortune, J. E. and Jas. Johnson, and Mrs. D. Shanks.

El Dorado: Rev. W. E. Bates and wife, J. Foutch, Mrs. M. Foutch, J. Karnahan, and Frank Green.

Burden: R. C. Childs, C. W. Ryan, and J. C. West.

Floral: T. W. Dicken, Lewis Stevens, F. M. Mundy, Rev. J. F. McEwan, and Rev. R. C. Audas.

Geuda Springs: A. D. Phelps and Mrs. Matilda Carter.

Grand View: Mrs. Mary D. Bruce.

Kechi: Rev. W. J. Sandefur and M. M. Smith.

Leon: J. S. Buckner.

Keighley: Rev. J. S. Buckner.

Mt. Olive: Rev. J. E. Williams.

Oxford: G. W. Humphreys and Mrs. Wilcox.

Pleasant Vale: Rev. J. M. Via, W. Mercer, M. U. Mercer, and J. M. Sample.

Pleasant Valley: Philip and Maggie Teter.

Pleasant View: Rev. W. J. Sandefur and wife.

Richland: Rev. James Hopkins.

Derby: S. H. Reynolds, W. D. Allen, and Mrs. R. C. Cutter.

Udall: Rev. F. A. Brady and wife, and D. D. Kellogg and wife.

Wellington: Rev. W. D. Sanders and wife, Miss Ada Hart, F. P. Neal, and W. D. Baston.

Wichita: Rev. W. F. Harper, Rev. J. C. Post, Mrs. W. F. Harper, Mrs. J. L. Dyer, J. T. Holmes and wife, Josie E. Reynolds, F. A. North, Mrs. Josie Stanley, and Mrs. E. C. Holloway.

Winfield: Rev. J. H. Reider and wife, B. F. Wood, M. L. Wortman, Mrs. J. S. Hunt, J. S. Warner, Mrs. Jno. Tyner, S. L. Gilbert, J. Stretch, Mrs. A. Silliman, A. P. Johnson, and H. J. Roderick.

Visitors: Rev. L. H. Holt, of the Western Baptist, Topeka; J. P. Ash, of the American Baptist Publishing Society; Z. W. Muma, Leon; Rev. J. G. Burgess, Dexter; Rev. W. W. Durham, Wellington; Miss Rhoda Denham, Topeka Woman's B H S; Mrs. A. S. Merrifield, Newton; Rev. F. M. Wadley, Utica, Missouri; Rev. Eli Poole, Adrian, Michigan; Rev. Ira H. Reece, Grenada; Rev. B. Kelly, Winfield; Rev. R. Atkinson, Ottawa; Prof. M. L. Ward, President of the Ottawa University.


A meeting of the Ladies' Missionary Society of the Walnut Valley Association was called to meet in the lecture room of the Baptist church at four o'clock.

Pursuant to this call quite a large delegation from the various churches comprising the Association met promptly at the hour appointed. Owing to the indisposition of the president, Mrs. Merrifield, Mrs. F. S. Walker, of Arkansas City, presided. After reading and prayer, a list of the churches was called for and reports from the various missionary circles, with results as follows.

Augusta reported a circle both home and foreign. Good work is being done.

El Dorado reported a home mission circle with Mrs. Rev. Bates as president and a membership of twenty-five.

Fairview, a small but active and growing circle.

Oxford reports a society and sends a collection.

Pleasant View is desirous of organizing a circle and the prospects are they will soon have one.

Udall reported a circle recently organized and have but lately begun to work.

Wellington reported a large and active circle. They have divided the entire membership of the church into sections, and committees have been appointed to see each one and solicit her cooperation. The chief difficulty has been to arouse sufficient interest among the sisters to induce them to attend the meetings.

Wichita has a circle both home and foreign organized. They meet every two weeks and the exercises consist of reading and talking upon some special phase of the mission work and field.

Winfield has a mission circle which is doing a grand work. They have a missionary tea every month which is not only a means of financial support to the missionary cause but of social culture as well.

Geuda Springs reported a circle with a membership of six. Not much has been done this summer, but they are preparing for aggressive work during the coming winter.

Mrs. Brady read a letter from the Udall circle which was replete with good cheer and of hope for the success of the cause.

Mrs. Merrifield, of Newton, who is too well known to the Baptists of Kansas to need more than mention, addressed the meeting in her usual telling and inspiring way. She was followed by Mrs. Dewman, of Topeka. She called attention to the Industrial school with which she is connected. She urged that each circle could organize an auxiliary school, where children could be taught the use of the needle, etc. After a few questions were asked and answered by Mrs. Dewman, the meeting adjourned.


Routine business occupied the Association during the morning. The officers chosen for ensuing year: Rev. W. F. Harper, moderator; Rev. W. E. Bates, clerk.

Resolutions on temperance, endorsing the prohibitory amendment, and recommending changes in the drugstore administration. Strong speeches were made buy Rev. Reider, Fortune, Brady, Atkinson, and B. Kelly, of the M. E. Church of Winfield. The customary vote of thanks to the citizens and church of Winfield was passed by a rising vote.

The committee on program announced an educational meeting this evening, conducted by Principal L. M. Ward, of Ottawa University.

The following churches were provided for as follows.

Baptist--morning. Rev. S. W. Sanders, Wellington; evening, Rev. Geo. M. Fortune.

M. E. Church--morning, Rev. W. F. Harper, Wichita; evening, Rev. F. A. Brady, Udall.

Presbyterian Church--morning, Rev. W. E. Bates, El Dorado; evening, Post, Wichita.

No other churches at this stage of the proceedings invited, and therefore no other provisions were made.

The afternoon session was given to the consideration of Home Mission, Foreign Mission, and the work of the Publication Society. The report of this meeting will be furnished in Monday's edition.

Throughout the greatest interest and enthusiasm prevailed among the Brethren.




Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The following letter from Senator Plumb will be read with much interest by a very large number of people. The letter is in answer to a question as to whether the Southern Kansas had the right of way through the Indian Territory.

EMPORIA, KANSAS, Sept. 19, 1885.

L. A. HOFFMAN, Esq., Attica, Kas.:

DEAR SIR: Replying to yours of the 18th, I have to say, that the Southern Kansas railroad company, which is, as you know, controlled by the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad company, has the right by authority of act of congress of July 4, 1884, to construct a line of railroad from a point on the northern line of the Indian Territory south, or southerly from Winfield; and thence south in the direction of Denison in Texas, on the most practicable route to a point at or near where the Wichita river enters into the Red river, and also the right to construct a branch from a point at or near the starting point, westerly, along or near the southern line of the Territory, to a point at or near where Medicine Lodge crosses the Territory line, and from that point in a southwesterly direction, via Camp Supply, to the west line of the Indian Territory at or near where Wolf creek crosses the same. The company is obliged to build at least a hundred miles of its railway in the Territory within three years after passage of the act, or the grant will be forfeited as to such portion as is not then built. This, I think, answers your question as to the right.

As to the intention of the company, I have no means of information, but I am bound to suppose that it will at least build the one hundred miles spoken of by or before the first of July, 1887. Yours truly,



Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Meeting of the Republican County Central Committee held at the office of G. H. Buckman, Oct. 10, 1885, pursuant to a call of the secretary. Minutes of last meeting read and approved. J. C. Long, E. A. Henthorn, J. R. Sumpter, H. F. Hornaday, S. M. Fall, and L. E. Wooden were appointed as an executive committee. It was decided to hold meetings in the different townships as follows.

Sheridan: Two meetings, Sheridan schoolhouse and Shrine schoolhouse.

Windsor: Two meetings, Cambridge and Grand Summit.

Walnut: Two meetings, Maple Grove schoolhouse and District No. 1.

Bolton: Two meetings, Theaker and Mowry schoolhouses.

Cedar: Two meetings, Centennial and Otto schoolhouses.

Creswell: One meeting, Lone Star schoolhouse.

Dexter: One meeting, Dexter.

Harvey: Two meetings, Hickman and Armstrong schoolhouses.

Rock: One meeting, Rock.

Otter: One meeting, place to be yet selected.

Arkansas City: One meeting, Arkansas City.

Beaver: One meeting, Tannehill.

Tisdale: Two meetings, Tisdale and one schoolhouse to be selected.

Vernon: One meeting, Vernon Center schoolhouse.

Liberty: Two meetings, Rose Valley and Prairie Ridge schoolhouses.

Richland: Two meetings, Floral and Prairie View.

Spring Creek: One meeting, Maple City.

Omnia: One meeting, Atlanta.

Pleasant Valley: Two meetings, Odessa and South Bend schoolhouses.

Maple: One meeting, Centennial schoolhouse.

Fairview: One meeting, schoolhouse to be selected.

Ninnescah: One meeting, Udall.

Silver Creek: One meeting, Burden.

Silverdale: One meeting, Estes schoolhouse.

Winfield: One meeting.

Time of meetings and speakers to be fixed by the Executive Committee. On motion committee adjourned. E. A. HENTHORN, Secretary.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The Tisdale squabble, over which so much blowing was done by J. J. Johnson and J. S. Baker, was settled Saturday by the Board of County Commissioners refusing to change the boundaries established by act of the Legislature. Sixty-one of the residents of the New Salem strip petitioned the Board to let it remain as it is and about all of Tisdale township. Only about fourteen wanted the old boundaries. Still Amos Walton voted with the fourteen against the express petition of three hundred, presumably because he wanted to "spite" some one. The prejudices of a little mind are as unfathomable as the depths of an ocean.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

In this issue will be found the speech of Senator W. P. Hackney delivered at the soldiers reunion at Topeka. We have been trying to make space for it for several days, considering it an open, frank, and fearless exposition of the real situation and a just rebuke to the milk and water style of wash which seems to be in vogue for honoring those who fought to destroy the American Union. It is characteristic of its author and an eye-opener.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Judge McDonald has evidently sometime snubbed the Washington correspondent of the Kansas City Journal who is trying "to get even." The following is the latest "dig" at our townsman.

"J. Wade McDonald, of Oswego, Kansas, who has been here some weeks in the interest of several applicants for place, was himself defeated for postmaster, and one or two of his friends have gone under since."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Among the guests at the Nixon-Millington wedding last Thursday evening were Mrs. Henry E. Asp, of Winfield; and Mrs. Jas. M. Dever, of Topeka.

Among the presents were:

Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Nixon, groom's brother, illustrated Shakespeare.

Col. and Mrs. E. C. Manning, Washington, D. C., solid silver berry spoon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The rapidity with which Kansas is settling up is evidenced by the report that the Santa Fe road has disposed of all its lands, not having an acre of the many millions it had a few short years ago.


She Sits Down on Standard Oil Rule and Crankism.

[Illustration of a slumped over rooster with caption: "A Sick Democrat."]


The Democrats Sick--Foraker Gets There in Good Shape.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

From the latest despatches we get the estimate of the Republican Committee that Foraker and the Republican State ticket are elected in Ohio by about 18,500 plurality and that both branches of the Legislature are Republican. The Democratic Committee concedes from 15,000 to 18,000 Republican majority, and a Republican majority on joint ballot in the Legislature, but claim that they may have the Senate. Leonard, prohibition candidate with his third party ticket, got a very light vote--much lighter than was expected. Had they received as large a vote as was claimed for them, the State would have gone Democratic. All honor to the good sense of the Ohio prohibitionists. The cranks are not very numerous among them. Ohio has done nobly. She has shaken off the standard oil rule and don't endorse the Cleveland administration worth a cent.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

It comes to our ears that Capt. J. S. Hunt is heavily aggrieved at the criticisms of THE COURIER, and charges us with base political ingratitude in thus speaking of him. THE COURIER always takes especial pride in redeeming its political debts and does not care to have this entirely erroneous impression prevail in the Captain's mind. If it owes him any political obligation that it has not fully discharged, it is not aware of it. THE COURIER about ten years ago had the pleasure of giving Capt. Hunt its warm support in his candidacy before the Republican convention for County Clerk. He received the nomination over M. G. Troup, who was then a candidate for the third time. We assisted to make his campaign then on the ground that he was thoroughly competent, needed the office, was a life-long Republican, and that the then incumbent had held it two terms and should step aside and allow some other equally as competent and worthy to enjoy the benefits of public patronage. His nomination was won on this ground. Troup bolted, ran independent, and Mr. Hunt was defeated. Again, in two years THE COURIER gave its best efforts to secure Capt. Hunt's second nomination. He received it, was elected, and served the term faithfully and efficiently as THE COURIER had repeatedly pledged that he would. Again, for the third time this paper gave to the Captain its warmest and most cordial support, and for the third time he was made the candidate of the Republican party and elected to a third term by a splendid majority, as his many excellent qualities demanded. Then for the fourth time he became a candidate for the honors and emoluments of the office. In this fourth effort, THE COURIER had no choice and gave no encouragement. While it recognized Capt. Hunt's efficiency, his faithful discharge of duty and his many excellent qualities, it also realized that there were others as competent, as worthy, as loyal to the principals of their party, and as zealous in its service, who were more needy and fairly entitled to their term at the political crib. Hence, it took no part whatever in the campaign, content to follow the dictation of the Republican convention in the matter. Mr. Hunt for the fourth time was made the nominee of the party and was elected to a third term by a largely increased majority, and with our earnest and active support. THE COURIER thought that surely this would be enough. That after being four times nominated and three times elected by the Republican party of the county to a lucrative office, he would realize his obligation to the men who had fought the battles of the party and made it possible for him to enjoy the benefits of its ascendency, and ask the party to select from its ranks another as competent, worthy, and needy to fill the place. But, contrary to this and the expectation of his many friends, he chose to announce for the fifth time. But again THE COURIER remembered its friendship for him and kept its opinions entirely to itself, trusting the Republicans of the whole county to express their convictions upon the matter. The primaries were held and the conviction was expressed in a most emphatic manner by the selection of a majority of the delegates for his opponent--a man as well qualified, as honorable, as upright, as efficient as Capt. Hunt or any other citizen, and who, maimed and crippled in the service of his country and almost incapacitated for physical labor, is needy to that degree that the employment of his talents in the discharge of the duties of this office would be the greatest boon with which the party could reward a lifetime of loyalty to the nation and to it. After the selection of Mr. Smock, Capt. Hut did what he should have done in the opening of the campaign--thanked the party for past favors, withdrew from the race, and declared for the party's choice. This action was commendable though coming at the eleventh hour. Then, upon the heels of this appears his son as the candidate of the Democratic party for the same office. This is too much and the criticisms of THE COURIER have echoed and re-echoed among the hills and homes of Cowley until the young man who aspires to keep this office in the family at all hazards, will wonder if he had really been a candidate.

It may be that Capt. Hunt didn't encourage and couldn't help Fred's candidacy, but he is very unfortunate in having a son unmindful of his father's interest and obligations as to place him in this very delicate position.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Why do Kansas newspapers ignore the grand fact that the Cowley County fruit exhibit at the late Cowley County Fair was sent to the Indiana State Fair at Indianapolis, and there took the second prize, after which the commission in charge sold the Cowley exhibit to Michigan parties, who took it to the St. Louis exposition, and there exhibited it as Michigan fruit and took the first premium against all competitors in one of the best displays ever exhibited? Is not this some glory for Kansas as well as Cowley County?

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The signal corps and the government weather prophet have defined the territory particularly liable to cyclones, as well as designated localities that never would be troubled. New Jersey was exempted, but the people of that state had hardly got through with their self-congratulations when a cyclone swept down on a town and destroyed it.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The trial of Mrs. J. R. Walkup for the alleged poisoning of her husband is set for the October term of the Lyon County District Court, Judge C. B. Graves presiding. Eminent counsel have been engaged. The testimony and proceedings of the trial will be published in full from day to day in the Emporia Daily Republican. Copies will be mailed to any address at the rate of 75 cents per month. It is not probable that a full report will be published in any other paper. People who desire to read the evidence in full should send in their orders, with 75 cents in each case. No subscriptions received for less than one month, to begin at any day designated by the subscriber. The intense interest felt in this remarkable case is undiminished and will reach a fever heat during the progress of the trial, and we advise all who wish to read the evidence for themselves, and are not taking the Republican, to send in their orders with remittance.


Political, Official and Social Notes as Gathered by Our

Regular Washington Correspondent.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The transfer of the silver cargo of the United States steamers Swatara and Yantie, amounting to $10,400,000 in standard dollars, to the U. S. Treasury, was completed Wednesday. The coin will be counted in a few days. It is believed, however, that it has all been safely delivered. The Yantie, which was unloaded first, started from the Navy Yard last Tuesday for Norfolk, but had not proceeded far when she got out of the river channel and ran aground. Tugs were engaged Wednesday in dragging her out of the mud into deep water. It is said at the Treasury Department that owing to the trouble and delay in transporting money by water that railroad transportation only will be employed in the future.

Postmaster Congor, of this city, has addressed a letter to the Postoffice Department, in which he suggests that the special messengers be permitted by the department to collect as well as deliver messages, when called upon to do so, just as the American District messenger does. He believes that the lads would willingly do this additional work for the sake of the increase of business it would bring about and the corresponding increase of pay. If men could have the messages taken from their houses or places of business by telephoning to the postoffice for a messenger instead of being obliged first to carry them down to the postoffice, more messages, he thinks, would be sent.

The statements of the formation of a bureau of intelligence in the War Department, similar to the office of naval intelligence, are somewhat premature. Adjutant General Drum is in favor of such a bureau, but its immediate organization is not thought of. The plan is, in receiving clerks in the department, to secure those who would be qualified for duties in a bureau of intelligence, as a foundation, and gradually work to the desired end if everything proves favorable. With this object in view, the War Department recently applied to the civil service commission for two clerks of class one, who, in addition to passing the regular civil service examination, shall have a knowledge of nautical affairs. These clerks are to be assigned to the office, and will form a nucleus for the intelligence bureau when the suitable time arrives for its formation.

It is learned that Minister Foster's recent negotiations with Spain did not have in view another reciprocity treaty, as was supposed, but looked to the establishment of freer commercial relations between the United States and the Spanish colonies, and especially to the lessening of the annoyances and mitigating the onerous regulations to which shipping merchants are subject in trading with Cuba. There is reason to believe that Minister Foster succeeded in his mission, although all official information is denied.

There have been no regular reports received at the postoffice department of the operation of the special letter delivery system, which went into operation October 1st. From verbal reports received, it is concluded that the system will be a decided success, and it is expected that as people become accustomed to the system, the use will be more general. The reports so far, however, give promising indications for the future.

Many of the newly appointed Democratic officials hold state or city offices and under the executive order of Gen. Grant, made in 1872, federal officials are prohibited from holding state or municipal offices. Inquiries are being received, especially at the Postoffice Department, to know whether this order is in force. The reply is made that it is still in operation, and that it can only be rescinded by an order of the President. As these officials are members of boards of supervisors, and act in other capacities in carrying on the elections, the enforcement of the order will be felt widely.

Gen. Atkins, the commissioner of Indian affairs, proposes to profit from his experience as chairman of the House committee on appropriations, and in his estimates for the next year, he will ask for only what he actually wants. He expects to get everything that he asks for. The total amount which he will ask for will be larger than the amount appropriated last year, for the reason that the educational system among the Indians will be extended, and as far as possible, the government will take charge of all schools, instead of carrying them on in connection with the religious societies. Mr. Atkins has traveled extensively among the Indians since he became commissioner, and he will therefore have a number of recommendations to make of practical value. L.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Yesterday was a perfect day--yes, the most perfect of the whole year. Lovely October, with hazy sky, genial sun, and balmy atmosphere, stuck out all over it. The day came in upon frosty, silvery wings, and as it tripped upon the velvet covering of time, all things seemed imbued with happy harmony. On such days the whispering voice of divinity seems to secretly confide to each and every heart, "peace on earth, good will to men." Such a day is a forcible reminder of the good, the pure, the perfect--all of which are breathed in the elements. How could any one be otherwise than happy while basking in such elements? But thousands are. Nature may smile and put on her most charming attire and never phase the chronic scowl of some sick livered ingrates.

P. S. Any young school Miss having an essay to write might plug in this dissertation: it is warranted to fit anywhere.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The new addition to the Central school building walls are ready for the cornice and exhibits to some degree the imposing appearance of the whole building as improved. Of course, the magic change will be when the old rookery roof is taken off, a neat cornice put on the old walls, and a handsome roof put on. Entirely completed it will be the handsomest school building in Southern Kansas--a beauty and a joy forever. But even these extra five rooms won't give us room enough. Winfield's prolificness is as remarkable in "young 'uns" as in everything else.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Married, at the Baptist parsonage, on the 11th inst., by Rev. J. H. Reider, assisted by D. W. Sanders, Mr. Emmet M. North and Eva L. Merrill. We have known Emmet since his early childhood, and believe him to be in every way worthy of the hand of the excellent lady he has taken as a companion for life. May true prosperity ever attend them as onward through life they go.


Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Health generally good.

Corn husking has begun.

A social hop at A. M. Fletcher's Thursday evening.

School opened Monday with R. B. Corson, teacher.

Weather gradually growing cooler with some frost.

What has become of the "Pet" COURIER correspondent?

The K. C. & S. W. railroad adds much to the music of the neighborhood.

J. W. Curfman's youngest child had an attack of fever, but is recovering.

Mrs. Addie Clem and family, of Indiana, visited friends and relatives in this neighborhood a short time ago.

Mr. Larimer has purchased a new organ and Miss Minnie is taking music lessons of Miss Lowry, of Winfield.

I think all of the correspondents must have had too much Fair and circus, as there has been but few items since.

Mr. and Mrs. Crotsley, parents of our old friend, J. H., arrived a few days ago from Pennsylvania. They are charmed with Kansas.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Mrs. Robt. Weakly spent the day with Mrs. Foose lately.

Why don't Adam Sipe take that son to see the neighbors.

Farmers are putting in large crops of wheat in this locality.

Miss Linn and Mrs. Belle Arnold were visiting Mrs. Hanna recently.

Wheat threshing is yet going on at a lively rate southeast of Bethel.

Mrs. J. F. Martin and son and daughter were visiting Mrs. Will Schwantes Saturday and Sunday.

A glorious rain Saturday night. Wheat will certainly get a fine start, for the ground is in excellent order.

Miss Howard is the one selected to train the young minds at Bethel again, and has taught one week quite successfully this term.

I have been in different States and seen fine crops of wheat and corn and vegetables that could hardly be beat, but never yet heard any State get such a send off as Kansas.

Several neighbors were at J. A. Buckers Sunday and report a fine time, having a variety of both instrumental and vocal music. Dakota Fowler was present. The life of him seem to be good music. [Last sentence: ?]


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Mrs. J. W. Hoyland was ill last week, but is better.

Mrs. Jackson and daughter, Miss Gay, are indisposed.

Dr. Crabtree has gone west with Messrs. Peters and Crane.

Rev. Bicknell preached an excellent sermon the 4th inst. at the M. E. Church.

The Christians held a series of meetings recently in the Hall.

Mr. McMillen entertained a gentleman friend from Illinois several days last week.

Miss Nettie Fink, of Sheridan, spent several days of last week with Salem friends.

Mr. J. A. Shields has sold his pretty home to a Mr. Sawyer, of Independence, Kansas.

Mr. John Orand and Miss Irwin are one now. May happiness always be theirs is the wish of their friends.

Mr. A. R. Carrol is once more a Salemite--and is the Old Salem school marm. Teacher and pupils all seem happy.

Miss Mary Dalgarn is the owner of a pretty pony and it carries her from her home to and from her school in Crooked Elm District.

Messrs. Watsonberger and Hoyland and son, Joe, spent several days fishing in the Walnut, but only succeeded in getting a few.

Mr. H. C. Miller has made Salem friends a short visit. Messrs. Robert and Jessie Nelson accompanied him back west. They will stay and improve their farm in Comanche County.

Messrs. Shields, J. McMillen, and J. E. Hoyland will start for the west this week. May they find no lands as pretty as Cowley is my sincere wish--so they may rest content in Salem homes.

Mr. Starr is back from his claim and he believes in combining business with pleasure, and while visiting old friends, is also acting in the capacity of plowman, etc., on the farm of J. W. Hoyland and son.

Mr. G. D. Vance has sold his lovely little home next to Mr. Mills. Mr. Vance has not given full possession yet and cannot tell precisely where his new home will be. He is off to the Territory on business at present. May their new home not be afar is the wish of their many friends. We extend a hearty greeting to Mr. and Mrs. Mills, and to Mr. and Mrs. Vance a parting tear. Good byes are hard to say.

Mr. Shields will go west and look at the country and try to find a home for his family while they will go on a short visit to their old home in Wisconsin. May happiness and prosperity attend them wherever they go. With sad feelings we see our kind friends and neighbors going away. Our old time Lodge sisters and brothers are widely scattered. May the temperance banner wave over their homes while they are dwelling on this pretty globe.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

LAREDO, TEX., October 13. Jesus Mavario, a returned convict of the State penitentiary at Huntsville, stabbed his wife at Nueva Laredo this morning, inflicting a serious wound from which she is not expected to live. On his return here he found that she had moved to Nueva Laredo, where she was living with another man. He immediately crossed the river, hunted her up, and assaulted her as above stated. He was arrested and jailed in this city.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

DEL RIO, TEX., October 13. Wm. Davis, who keeps a saloon here, last night killed Wm. Beck, son of an old army officer. Beck tried to borrow a five from Davis, and the latter, refusing to lend it to him, he went off, secured a pistol, returned, opened fire on Davis, and was shot by the latter with buck shot, living only half an hour. Davis has given bond. Davis was unhurt. It is generally regarded a clear case of self-defense.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

DALLAS, TEX., October 13. The postoffice safe at Sulphur Springs was last night blown open and burglarized. About $300 in post-office funds were secured, as well as the contents of a number of registered packages. There is no clue to the burglars, but they are believed to be the same who blew open and robbed the safe of Jeffrys & Ardiss at Carrollton on Wednesday night.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

BRUSSELS, October 13. Gladstone has written to Emile Louis Victor Laveleye, a well known writer on political economy: "I favor the Bulgarian union, but trust its territory will not exceed its present limits, because I fear disastrous competition between the great powers themselves and also the Hellenic and Slavonic races for extension of territory. I express myself on the question with reserve because my mind is perplexed by many difficulties surrounding it. I see that the Bulgarian union, although excellent in itself, may produce immeasurable evils."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

PARIS, October 13. M. Brisson, Premier, in answering the congratulatory address on his re-election to a seat in the Chamber of Deputies, said: "The Conservative gains cannot shake the confidence of the Republicans, who will have one hundred and fifty majority in the new Chamber." He declared the Monarchists tried to overthrow the Republic, and would cause a revolution in attempting to secure that end. Neither Republicans nor Monarchists desire war abroad, but the Republic alone can assure peace at home.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

LONDON, October 13. A dispatch from Belgrade states that Austria has strongly advised King Milan to adopt a conciliatory policy and abide by a decision of the Powers with regard to a settlement of the difficulties arising from the Bulgarian Eastern Roumelian Union.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

LINCOLN, NEB.,October 13. At an election today on the question of granting the Missouri Pacific Railroad $50,000, the proposition was carried by a vote of 1,700 for to 56 against. The railroad will come from Weeping Water or Avoca, and be completed by October 1, 1886.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

OMAHA, NEB., October 13. O. B. Morse, aged seventy-four, charged with poisoning his wife, aged thirty-four, in June last, who was on trial all last week at Beatrice, has been found guilty of murder in the first degree.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

HALIFAX, N. S., October 13. The latest advices indicate that the political struggle in Newfoundland will result in the election of twenty-one Protestants and fourteen Catholics.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Hon. W. P. Hackney, of Winfield, delivered the following address at the Soldiers Re-union at Topeka.

We, as a people, enjoy advantages, opportunities, privileges, and possibilities never enjoyed by any other people of the habitable globe. Our national achievements are without a parallel in either ancient or modern history; and Kansas, the State of our adoption, is rich in historical lore, wonderfully prosperous, and has a future without a rival among all of the American States. And with all these privileges, blessings, and advantages we have assembled together today to commemorate some of the darkest and bloodiest deeds recorded in American history--a tragedy that mantles the cheek with shame of every lover of his country. Nowhere in the civilized world is there an instance recorded upon the pages of ancient or modern history where a people claiming to be civilized, were guilty of the barbarity, the cruelty, the villainous, infamous, and brutal bestiality which characterized the treatment of your comrades and mine, in Andersonville, Belle Isle, and elsewhere, by the people of the south. The enormity of these crimes are of such a character as to characterize them on occasions of this kind, insufficient to make the ghosts of our comrades come back from their graves and condemn every man who should omit it. We are the only people recorded in history who ever suffered the outrages and allowed the perpetrators to live, much less to share with us in the government of this country. And yet we are told that we must not talk about these things at our re-unions for fear it will tend to keep alive sectional animosity and hate. To such I reply that we are not responsible for sectional animosity and hate. We fired upon no flag of this country; we attempted the destruction of no government; we sought no opportunity to wring from the sweat of other men's brows a livelihood, while we lounged in idleness. But we fought for this country, we bled for it, and our comrades died for it; and but for us the whining whelps and sycophants who dictate the suppression of plain speech on occasions of this kind, would not have any government. We, as soldiers, at these re-unions, propose to talk about the crimes perpetrated by treason; we propose to discuss the starvation and cruel murder of our fellows by a people base enough and infamous enough to perpetrate the Andersonville outrages. They shall not conceal with the lapse of time one of the darkest pages in American history, that for cruelty, barbarity, and inhumanity has no parallel in the history of the outrages perpetrated by the savages of this continent, whom civilization has robbed of their heritage.

The soldier of the rebellion, who fought us, today enjoys all the privileges that you and I enjoy. He is found in the council chamber of the nation, in the halls of the national congress, and he controls the very men that dole out to you and I, the pitiful pensions wrung from their disloyal hands. That government which we saved, today pays the union soldier through the instrumentality of the men we thrashed. But we have not, neither do we intend to, apologize to them for the privileges we took in killing their relatives and friends in order that they might enjoy the great blessings that we have conferred upon them. They, in common with us, today enjoy the fruitage of the victories that we wrung from them on many a bloody battlefield. It is said that they are loyal today: if so, this is a point in their favor that is creditable to their heads, but not to their hearts, because they cannot help themselves. You and I thrashed rebellion out of them and we pounded loyalty into them. For this we claim no especial credit because their loyalty is of a character that for generations to come, needs to be watched. Our action was not based upon any other sentiments than those contained in the Declaration of Independence and the book of divine revelation. The sentiments that actuated the Puritan fathers to some extent actuated the Puritan north in the great conflict. The rights of man, the fear of God, and the loyalty to self-government were the moving spirits which animated and actuated the union soldier and made him bleed and die that these great principles might live.

On the other hand, the southern soldier fought for no such principles. That he was brave, it is conceded, but his victory meant the degradation of man, while ours meant his elevation; his victory meant that the poor laborer of the north should stand on an equality with the slave of the south, while our victory meant the freedom of the slave, the elevation of the chattel, and his equality before the law.

It has been said that these re-unions can be conducive of no good; that they revive memories that ought to be forgotten; and there are men, I am sorry to say, who claim to have been soldiers that advocate this doctrine. We had one of them in my regiment. He was so solicitous of rebel feelings that he always ran when the firing commenced. I knew other regiments were afflicted with warts of the same character. Such fellows may be usually found on occasions of this kind talking about "fraternal feelings," "the bridging of the bloody chasm," and poppycock of that character. We fought the south for principle; we subjugated the south for the perpetuity of that principle. Anglo-Saxon language is the only tongue that I claim I can speak; and they do say that I speak that very imperfectly. Be this as it may, as long as I shall live, I shall continue to call treason--murder; barbarism--barbarous; and the action of the south in the treatment of our men and in the inauguration of the rebellion, infamous. And if I should do this in such a way as to offend the grammatical ear of some critical pismire, who was robbing the dead when you and I were fighting, I have no apologies to make. The ideas we fought for were an inspiration from Almighty God and animated by them, we shot the rebellion to death; and if there is anything calculated to grieve and wound the feelings of the old battle-scarred veterans of this nation, it is to have these political morphidites criticizing your language and mine on occasions of this kind.

What this union needs now above all else is not that the standard of loyalty shall be lowered, in order to lessen the breach between it and treason, so as to accommodate the late rebellious portion of our country, the infernal authors of Andersonville and the other hells made by the people of the south during the late war; but the standard of loyalty should be upon a plane and kept upon a level with that which animated Grant and Sherman and the legions they led while they hammered the confederacy to death. Any nation that squints at or lowers the standard of loyalty required of its citizens by it, is sowing the wind and it will certainly reap the whirlwind. Loyalty to the constitution and the laws of this State and this union is the first duty of good citizenship and should be exacted by the government both State and National from every subject within their borders, and the infraction of which by any man or set of men, either in this State or in the nation, should meet with the severest punishment.

The dangers that beset the progress of this nation today have their foundation in the lowering of the standard of loyalty by a large portion of our community in order to placate the feelings and pacify and tranquilize the late rebellious portion of this country. This is all a mistake; it is a national crime. No people on earth can tamely submit to the violation of the constitution or laws of their State or country. Only the venal, vicious, and treacherous element of States and communities desire to do this; and all good men should stand as a wall and frown down and trample out characters and tendencies of this kind. Had this been done by the people before the war, the tragedy which we today meet to commemorate would not blacken the pages of American history. It was the debasing and brutalizing effect of human slavery which made Andersonville possible in the nineteenth century, and this should teach us that no great national wrong can be tolerated without receiving great national punishment therefor. The visitation of divine displeasure upon the human family, when it comes, falls on all alive, both the just and the unjust; and as the laws of life cannot be violated with impunity, neither can social and political laws be trampled upon with safety, and sooner or later both the individual and the community must suffer for the infraction of either. Wisdom, patriotism, and common sense unite in demanding of each citizen in a government like ours, loyalty and obedience to every law and constitution under which we live.

It is the glory of the union soldier that he had the courage of his convictions; that for these he abandoned home, his family, and all that he held most dear in this life, and became a living target for the poisoned shafts and venomous assaults of a people so debased and brutalized by human slavery and human bondage as were the people of the south. That after he conquered, a peace which meant the perpetuity of everything that he held most dear, he took off the habiliments of war, took his old place in the pathway of peace, and has been true to the principles for which he suffered so much, and today enjoys all the advantages his courage won, in a united country under the flag.

History furnishes no parallel to the issue joined in our conflict, nor to the intelligent valor of the men who fought on the northern side. War is a terrible thing and its lessons are seldom forgotten. Nobody knows those lessons better than we, and we should teach our children what it cost us to give them the heritage which they enjoy. They should be told by these reunions of the valor of their fathers, and taught the lessons which the war gave us. They should understand that obedience to constituted authority, whether state or national, is the first great duty of good citizenship; and that the man who defies it is either a sneaking traitor, whether in open rebellion with arms in his hand, or sitting upon a goods box with rotten tobacco in his mouth, promulgating his infamy. And this is true whether we be upon the sacred soil of Kansas, made famous by John Brown and the great principles for which he contended, or in barbarous, bestial, and cruel Mississippi. And what a contrast! Kansas, the child of the republic, for whose freedom from slavery so much blood has been shed, is today the fairest and most prosperous state in this united country; while cruel, venomous, infamous Mississippi is unto the loyal states of this union what her miasmatic swamps are to the health of her people. Happy will this nation be, indeed, when every species of disloyalty, disobedience, and opposition to constituted authority shall have been trampled out.

The first step in this great reformation is to put a stop to the annual exodus to our shores of the criminal hordes furnished us by the leprous monarchists of Europe, and to put a stop to the power given them by enfranchisement to kill your vote and mine with the ballot. The laws we have on this subject should be repealed. These vicious elements must remain disfranchised; henceforth, we must throttle them at the threshold, or, with the vicious and venal of our own production, they will become a disturbing element in our politics that will make our state and nation what they have made the municipal government of New York and Chicago. While this country should remain a refuge for the oppressed of all nations, for those who have tyranny and love law and order, it should not be a receptacle of every drunken, blear-eyed, and bestial vagabond sloughed off from the diseased body politic of the cancerous communities of the old world. But the better element, fleeing from their wrongful oppressions, who come here to be Americanized, who are willing for the sake of the privileges we confer upon them to lay aside the teachings of the nations of their birth, and anxious to identify themselves and become true American citizens, obeying our laws and loyal to our constitution, to such, I say, Godspeed, we bid you come, and will divide with you the best that we have. But to the others let us say: Depart from us, ye cursed and unclean, we have too many of you already.

The thoughtful men of this age and all true statesmen, contemplating our wonderful increase in population and the difficulties and dangers that always surround attempts at self-government, will do well to consider all these questions, to the end that the wrongs which we now suffer may be speedily rectified. Let us so live and act and vote that the great principles for which we fought shall not die; but that they shall be as immutable as God himself, and that we and our children may so live that we may fully enjoy the fruitage of the great victories we won for them.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The opponents of the extension of suffrage to women have always contended that the most intelligent women did not ask for it, and that, were it granted, it would merely increase the unintelligent vote. They have therefore been content to say that it would be time to consider the question seriously when the demand was seriously and generally made. Meanwhile, however, certain concessions have been made to the limited demand, and in Boston as in New York, the school elections have been opened to women upon certain conditions. Last year a Roman Catholic member of the school board in Boston, having voted to discontinue a school in a certain neighborhood where the presence of school prevented the opening of dram-shops, his name was omitted from the ticket which was supported by the women voters this year. Choosing to regard this incident as an attack upon his church instead of a blow at the dram shop, a Catholic clergyman in Charlestown advised that women should take care to be registered and vote at the next school election. The result is the enrollment of 1,843 women against 271 last year, and it is computed that there will be more than twice as many women voters this year as there were last year. Archbishop Williams, of the Boston diocese, however, says that not only is there no movement of his church to enroll women to vote, but that he does not approve of the participation of women in politics. He adds that politicians will undoubtedly try to enlist their aid, especially for questions of temperance and of other reforms. The archbishop might have added that in the school question their aid will be still more earnestly invoked. The admission of women to the school suffrage, which is also legalized in New York, is in this view a fact so serious that those who are accustomed to say that it would be time enough to consider the question when women ask to have it considered, should reflect that the first step toward general suffrage has been already taken. The principle is established. If a woman owning property which is taxed for schools may properly vote upon the expenditure of the tax for that purpose, she may logically vote upon other public expenditures. Harper's Weekly.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The rice plantations near Savannah, Georgia, were all submerged and great loss was caused by a couple of tidal waves recently.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Thirty cases of cholera and ten deaths have occurred aboard the Couronne, the gunnery training vessel lying off Toulon, France.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Surgeon General Hamilton said at Washington on the 12th: "The danger of a cholera invasion of this country has passed for the present."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The Rev. Daniel Irving, D. D., Secretary of the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church, died in Orange, New Jersey, the other morning, aged sixty-four years.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Demonstrations in favor of war were being held throughout Greece. The army was being rapidly mobilized. The King called out the reserves to the number of 40,000 men.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

A dispatch from Dallas, Texas, of the 12th, says that Indians surprised the San Simon Company's cattle ranch, killing four cowboys and a number of cattle. They also drove off 125 horses.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The Madrid newspapers consider the six weeks' negotiations between Spain and German regarding the Carolines question a complete failure. The announcement of a settlement previously cabled was premature.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Mary Druse, who helped her mother to kill, cut, and boil her father in Warren, Herkimer County, New York, pleaded guilty of murder in the second degree, and was sentenced to the Onondaga Penitentiary for life.


The Manner in Which Flood Rock at New York was Shattered to Pieces.

Touched Off by an Eleven-Year-Old Girl.

The Upheaval of the Waters.

A Grand Sight for Spectators. Three Photographs Taken.

Opinions of Engineers.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

NEW YORK, October 12. The 250,000 pounds of dynamite, under Flood Rock, at Hell Gate, was exploded at 11:13 o'clock Saturday morning. The shock was plainly felt at the lower end of Manhattan Island. At precisely 11:13 o'clock the earth trembled and the bosom of the river was pierced with a mighty upheaval of rocks and timbers. Up, up went the glittering masses of water until it seemed as if they would never stop. At the height of 200 feet the uplifted waters paused and fell back again to the river. At this moment, when the air for hundreds of feet in each direction was filled with the white masses of sparkling water, the spectacle was grand beyond expression. Mary Newton, an eleven year old daughter of General Newton, who as chief engineer, has conducted operations at Hell Gate since the start, touched the button that sent the electric current that exploded the submarine mines and shattered


lifting it out of the bosom of the sea and crushing it into a million fragments. It was Mary Newton who, when a mere baby, touched off the first Hell Gate explosion a few feet from the point where she stood on Saturday. The shock of the collapse was felt only slightly on the east shore and the noise resembled far distant subterranean thunder. Where Flood Rock had lifted its strong black mass, broken rock was seen on top of it all. A big derrick that had been left to its fate turned over on its side unbroken. A huge wreck that had been left at the end of the island still stood in place tilted over a little, as it had settled when let down with the angry waters from its aerial flight. Immediately after the explosion fire broke out in the wreck and burned hastily amid the seething waters. Four instantaneous photographs were taken by officers of the corps of engineers from the firing point. As far as it was possible to judge from the position and appearance of the wreck, the explosion had been an entire success, though for the present the vicinity of the blasted rock will be even more dangerous than heretofore, until the wreck has been removed. The shock was felt to a light extent in the city. It was distinctly felt in the City Hall building, the structure trembling for the space of five seconds. At the County Court House the shock was also distinctly felt. In the upper part of the building floors shook and windows trembled when the explosion occurred. The only accident reported in connection with the explosion was the burning of General Newton slightly on the neck by a piece of fuse attached to the photographic camera. The engineers of whom General Newton was chief did not, as was expected, make a thorough examination of the work done by the explosion. A tug boat with a few persons on board cruised about in the vicinity of the place, but no soundings were taken. The work of surveying the bed of the river will be commenced next week, and it will not be known until after this survey is made just what the effect of the explosion has been. One of the engineers, in speaking of the work done by the dynamite and rend-a-rock, said that so far as his observations had extended, the explosion was eminently a success. Flood Rock was not buried out of sight. It sank perhaps three or four feet and that was all. Some had affirmed that the bed of the river would be so broken and jagged with rocks that the middle channel would become impassable until the debris was removed. Such did not prove to be the fact. The sound steamers experienced no difficulty whatever in making their trips through the channel. If the work of the electric current failed at any point to discharge the cartridges, it was probably under the rock known as "Nigger Rock" opposite the electric light stand on Hallett's point. The keeper of the light, who watched the upheaval of the waters, said that the water at that point was not disturbed. It might be, however, that he was mistaken. The engineer felt confident that an examination of the bottom of the river would show that the rocks were shattered into fragments.

Captain John Somers of the lighthouse boat, John Rogers, after the explosion, said: "We were to buoy the scene of the explosion after it occurred if necessary. We found at the south end of the island six fathoms of water, on the west end three or four fathoms. There were three or four feet of water there before this. We did not find it necessary to buoy the place at all, while the main channel is entirely clear so that the explosion is a success, and vessels can pass without any fear." Captain Mercer, of the United States engineer corps, who formerly had charge of the Flood Rock work, said: "I am perfectly satisfied. The explosion was a success. It has accomplished all that was anticipated by those in charge of the work. Of course people who expected to see the whole nine acres of rock blown skyward and fall back to the water in cobble-stones were disappointed. We did not expect that to occur. In my opinion, the rock is in just such a condition as will render its removal easy. Of course, until the surveys are made, it will not be know where the underparts of the rock have been acted upon. I believe every pound of dynamite was exploded and did its duty. When I went on the rock with Lieutenant Derby, I did not care to stay long. Why? Well, because there was no telling what might happen. It might subside. I would not care to be upon it when it subsided and no one knows what effect the moving of the gases and the action of the water might have upon the lower portions."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

PHILADELPHIA, October 12. Great anxiety is felt at this port for the safety of the Swedish bark Prima, Captain Holm, which sailed from Hull, England, on July 10 for this port, and it is feared that she foundered and all on board have been lost. She had a cargo of 800 tons of chalk, consigned to parties at this port, and has a crew of thirteen men on board. Her consignors have given her up for lost, as she is now ninety-three days out.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, October 12. Steve Renfroe, the Summit County ex-Sheriff and desperado, who escaped from the convict prison at Pratt mines, the night of the 3rd, turned up Saturday night at Lexington, the county seat of Sumter County. The Sheriff tried to take him and fired twice at him with a shotgun. One of the shots wounded a Deputy Sheriff, while Renfroe escaped uninjured. The detective who caught him the last time left here yesterday to go on his trail. It is understood that other men have been pursuing him ever since he escaped.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

WASHINGTON, October 12. The Department of Agriculture reports that the yield of wheat per acre for the area harvested is 10½ bushels, and only nine on the area sown, which was nearly 40,000,000 acres. The area harvested will not exceed 34,000,000 acres. In corn the indications point to a yield of 26½ bushels per acre, which would give a yi8eld of 1,960,000,000 bushels. The oat crop exceeds 600,000.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

WASHINGTON, October 12. First Auditor Chenowith said today that he had not concluded the consideration of the expense accounts of the Civil Service Commissioners, but that he had already made up his mind not to allow such items as "ginger ale," "lemonade," "newspapers," etc., under the head of necessary expenses.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

SYRACUSE, N. Y., October 12. At a conference of glass manufacturers and workers here Thursday, it was decided to start up the factories substantially on the Pittsburgh plan, which is a reduction of ten per cent in wages on the present selling prices, wages to be advanced in proportion to the advance in selling prices.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

CONCORDIA, KAN., October 12. John D. Wilson, Sheriff of Cloud County, died of consumption last night at five o'clock. The funeral will be held this afternoon.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

A destructive fire occurred at Durham, near Chico, California, recently, and two warehouses containing 50,000 sacks of wheat were entirely consumed. The origin of the fire is unknown. The estimated loss is $125,000, nearly all of which was on wheat. Partially insured.


FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Note: Skipped Markets Report on prior page.

Note: Skipping Time Table of Kansas City and South-Western Railroad this page.

Shows trains going west and going east. Shows as stations: Beaumont, Burgess, Latham, Atlanta, Wilmot, Floral, Winfield.

Shows S. C. Gibbs, Gen. Passenger Agent.

Shows F. D. Blackman, Local Agent.

Shows L. D. Latham, Superintendent.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The District Court convened on Monday, with Judge Dalton presiding. A dozen or more cases were continued.

Edward G. Maitland vs. Malvina A. Maitland, divorce granted plaintiff on ground of abandonment and neglect.

J. P. Graham vs. K. C. & S. W. R. R., dismissed.

Nancy A. Cleary vs. Isaac O. Cleary, divorce decreed plaintiff on grounds of gross neglect of duty, defendant to pay costs.

Arkansas City vs. L. C. Rice, dismissed at cost of plaintiff.

Arkansas City vs. Bassow, dismissed at plaintiff's cost.

Elijah Syner, vs. Anna Syner, case dismissed and costs paid.

H. T. Simon et al vs. C. H. West et al, judgment for plaintiff for $586.90 and costs.

State vs. Frank S. Ridgway, plea of assault and fine of $10 and costs.

State vs. Simeon Baughn, change of venue from Sumner, for the murder of David Hahn, continued to the January term, with bond at $7,000; bond given.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Monday was the first shriveling day of the season, a strong reminder of winter's frigidity and the ghastly grins of the coal man. Men went around the streets with their hands in their pockets and their backs humped like the apex of a dromedary. The straw hat, gauzy underwear, and linen duster were laid away in their little coffin where rust and moths do corrupt and where the little mouse breaks through and steals. All over town were being hugged--warm stoves. We hate winter. We want perpetual spring, but have little hopes of getting it until we reap the printorial reward and walk the celestial vistas whose entrance is through the pearly gates. And we're in no hurry for the reward, however great. We don't care to quit a sure thing, if it is cold once in a while.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Many will remember to the tune of various amounts the high toned family of beggars who put up at the Commercial and worked Winfield some time ago, and whom THE COURIER exposed as frauds of the first water. A sweet little girl and her bigger sister did the alms act, with great success--taking in all Kansas. The Wichita Eagle remarks: "The bright little fraud who took in so many Wichita people this summer with her woeful tale so artless told of how her father had died, in their beautiful home in Florida, and how she and her mother were struggling to get to California, has worked Emporia, Burlingame, and Osage City, and other towns successfully. They are undoubtedly high toned beggars and frauds."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

If our transient e. c. would get down off his stilts once in a while, he could hit the mark much oftener. He says: "Subject of Rev. Harper at the Methodist church Sunday evening, 'The Model Woman.'" As usual, e. c. went to sleep in church. "The Model Woman" was presented by Rev. F. A. Brady, of Udall, one of the brightest ministers of our own county. It was a grand sermon: one of the best a Winfield audience has heard for many a day. If that sermon couldn't keep our e. c. awake, then indeed is his case hopeless.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The whiskey joints of Wichita are not walking in clover knee high, as some anti-prohibs would have us believe. The Eagle says: "Six jointists were discharged from the jail yesterday after taking oath and giving bond to abstain from selling intoxicants within a prescribed time. Six other men in for the same offense were discharged. John Sulliard refused to accept the terms offered and will sue out a writ of habeas corpus before Judge Sluss Monday to contest the validity of the commitment."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Transient travel and speculative immigration begins to pour into Cowley and Winfield astonishingly. Last night every hotel in the city was full, and the arrivals yesterday were more numerous still. And many of these newcomers are drawn by the fame and merit of our splendid county and come to cast their lot with us, to invest in property, and swell the wealth and influence of our people. Real estate men are on the jump, encased in entrancing smiles.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Two of the best theatricals extant are now billed for Winfield, their ads appearing in THE DAILY, Little's "World," and Louise Sylvester's "Hot Time." The World is undoubtedly the best play ever presented here. Sylvester has gained loud praises at her every appearance here. Both are first-class and will find Winfield a good show town when there is "hay in the rack." They respond when there is something worthy to respond to.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The contract was awarded Saturday to Paris & Harrod for the excavation of the Methodist college building. They took it for twenty cents a yard, ten cents below the estimated and regulation price. Several foreigners were here for competition and got nicely downed by our house men. It will take twelve days to throw the dirt out. It began to fly today, and will have no let up, till finished, when the foundation walls will go up at once.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Sam Platt, for some time past a draughtsman in W. A. Ritchie's architectural rooms, left for his home in Kansas City on Tuesday, called by a telegram announcing his father's dangerous illness. He is uncertain whether he will return or not. We hope he will. He is a thorough artist in his line and a young man of admirable qualities generally. Mr. Ritchie will part with him very regretfully.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

A yoke of regular old-timer Texas steers were on the street Monday, reminding one forcibly of the pioneer and sod-breaking days in Cowley. One of these steers had horns three or four feet wide and looked wicked out of his left eye and right hind foot. The days of big cattle teams has about passed in Cowley, transplanted by blooded horses and the long-eared, devil-heeled mule.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The Santa Fe passenger train left a big crowd of people at Winfield Monday. The busses were all chock full and about fifty walked up town. It was the fullest train that has pulled in this fall. Many immigrants, land seekers, general settlers, and investors got off. Let 'em come. We will receive all with warm embrace, and they'll never regret having cast their lot in fair Cowley.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

A petition is out and numerously signed for an eight foot sidewalk on the east and west and north half of the Court House square. This is the proper thing. It is not only needed but will add dignity to the county's public square. The earlier the better.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

I wish to say to all my friends and people generally that I have accepted a position as salesman in Prather's shoe store, where I will be pleased to have you call and see me. Very Respectfully, Ivan Robinson.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Most of the pulpits of the city were filled Sunday by the visiting Baptist clergymen, here attending the meeting of the Walnut Valley Baptist Association. They are all men of ability and good address and their sermons were much enjoyed.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Wellington is blowing about her prospects for gas works. She always had gas enough we are sure and will wager that the new gas works will not be able to compete with the old.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

A. C. Botts was up before Hizzoner, Judge Turner, Monday afternoon, for disturbing the peace and quiet of J. S. Bryant and family. He got $17.70, fine and costs.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The "City Dads" have put a stop to Whiting's fountain in their meat shop, complaints being made that it floods the cellar of Wallace's grocery.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Elder F. M. Kibby, the Christian minister of Clay Center, preached an able sermon in the Christian Church of this city Sunday morning.


Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

W. J. Hodges came up from the Territory Sunday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Judge Pyburn was among the A. C. courters Monday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

J. P. Voorhees and S. H. Gerard were down from Udall Monday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Gen. Green informs the public that his Real Estate News is free to all who will send them east.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

M. G. Troup got home Monday from his St. Louis trip, having had a week of mighty good recreation.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Miss Hattie Andrews was in from Darien, where she is conducting a very successful school Sunday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

James Kirk, administrator, has made final settlement with the Probate Court in the estate of John Service, deceased.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

P. T. Walton and Fred Stodder, of the State Bank of Burden, drove over Saturday afternoon, returning last night.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Mr. E. H. Nixon, with his bride, left Tuesday for Medicine Lodge, where they will proceed to establish their new home.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. John Foutch returned to their home at El Dorado Tuesday, after a short visit with their cousins, Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Hendricks.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

All sons of veterans who have membership blank applications are requested to return them to the camp at once. W. L. Pridgeon, captain.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Saint left Sunday for Kansas City, from whence Mr. Saint will return to New Mexico and Mrs. Saint will return to Winfield.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Hands & Gary took the blue ribbon on their bay team at Wichita. There were ten competitors. They were offered five hundred dollars for the pair before leaving.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The funeral of the infant child of Mr. and Mrs. Benson Rupp was held at their residence in Vernon, last Saturday. Rev. J. H. Snyder preached the discourse.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Mr. Daniel McConn, of Ft. Madison, Iowa, arrived here Monday to visit Mr. D. Palmer. They are friends of long standing and this visit is most enjoyable.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

S. P. Strong, one of Cowley's Indianapolis fruit exhibit committee, got home Monday. He remained longer than others of the committee to visit his old Indiana friends.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

W. A. Richey, W. W. Dill, Ed Kinney, W. L. Johnson, and J. Eckart were down from the city of bad odor and dark "joints," Wichita, Monday, on business in our District Court.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Master Harry Hendricks, little son of Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Hendricks, returned home Tuesday after a short visit at Pleasant Hill, Missouri, accompanied by H. C. Wherritt, nephew of Mrs. Hendricks.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Emmett M. North and Eva Merrill were granted authority by Judge Gans Saturday evening to join their hearts, their fortunes, and their fates in the misty bonds of love and matrimony.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Mrs. Helen Gougar left Sunday evening for Grenola. She had been the guest of Mr. and Mrs. Homer G. Fuller, of this city, for the last two or three days, while writing up Winfield for the Chicago Inter Ocean.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Mrs. Ed Weitzel got home from Ft. Smith, Arkansas, Tuesday, and the melancholy shades of the Commercial house have disappeared. Ed found it up-hill business doing the landlord and landlady act all at once.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Dr. and Mrs. Mather, with their son and daughter, Harry and Letta, of Huntington, West Virginia, are visiting their relatives, Mr. and Mrs. Cal Ferguson. The Doctor and Cal will take a trip into the Territory this week.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Chas. F. Keeney and Mary A. Holloway are the latest matrimonial victims according to the everlasting records of the P. J. With the approach of cold weather, the Judge anticipates a big increase in the matrimonial market.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Arthur H. McMaster and bride returned Tuesday from their eastern bridal tour. Their new home, on east 10th avenue, is progressing finely, and in a short time they will be settled down to housekeeping--regular "olds folks."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Jno. D. Pryor has an unique type writer, "The Sun." It is perfect simplicity and the price is only $12. Like other patents, competition is knocking the wadding out of high priced type writers.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Hon. George R. Thompson, member of the Kansas Legislature and cashier of the First National Bank, of Harper, was in the city Monday on business with the D., M. & A. folks. He is one of the foremost young men of the western counties.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

O. J. Dougherty is rushing up his coal office and bins on east Ninth, egged on by the appearance of stern frigidity. The coal men are preparing for a picnic and the consumer looks sad. The scales are again bowed down with a guilty conscience.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Judge Snow and Chas. E. Steuven are at Leavenworth as U. S. grand jurors, and will be absent about ten days. They expressed a strong likelihood of getting into the "pen" before their return--for a view of its departments and boarders.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

John W. Willis, the handsome and smiling salesman of Smith & Zook, left on Tuesday for a six weeks visit with his parents at Mattoon, Illinois, and with relatives at Indianapolis and other places. Of course, such a trip couldn't fail to afford Johnnie a splendid vacation.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

We have been informed that Mr. Cooter, of Winfield, has bought an interest in the large dry goods and grocery store of Dunbar & Co., of this place. Mr. Cooter is an experienced man in the merchant business and will no doubt have a tendency to make the trade lively in Atlanta. Atlanta Advertiser.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

J. H. Saunders, of Tisdale, is marketing his 250 bushels of apples. They are as pretty as ever produced--large, uniform, and luscious. He has a hundred bearing trees, of various varieties. He gets a dollar a bushel straight for his apples. They are a splendid exhibition of what Cowley can do in horticulture.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

James Lynn, of Wabash, Indiana, dropped in on THE COURIER Monday with County Commissioner Irwin. Mr. Lynn is visiting his cousin, S. M. Fall, of the Grouse Valley, and making a prospecting tour of Southern Kansas. Like many Indianians, he thinks strongly of casting his anchor in Kansas. Of course, he is delighted with our county and its grand prospects.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Arthur C. Bangs and Bret Crapster got in Monday from a week at St. Louis. They had an immense time, taking in the fair, which they pronounce gigantic in varied interest, with numerous sights calculated to drive off dull care and make one hilarious generally. Arthur looks none the worse for wear, but Bret--well, its awful to contemplate. He looks like he needed a whole apothecary shop and seventeen galvanic batteries. The week about did him up.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

W. A. Lee's implement house manager at Grenola was the medium between an Iowa horse and wagon thief and justice, the other day. Things looked suspicious and the manager telegraphed to Iowa to find his surmises true. An arrest was made and the thief and--it is said murderer--was taken back in shackles. The wagon was bran new, stolen from an Iowa implement firm, and the team a valuable one. He had just come in with them, via land.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Mike J. O'Meara and Mat H. Ewart will leave in two weeks to start a bank at Meade Center, Meade County. That two of our best and most popular boys are going to leave us is a matter of regret to all. They are both rustling young businessmen with the business qualities and financial start to insure success. Meade Center is a town of much promise, the boys will have the only bank in the county, and the future presents a roseate view, which we hope will be more than realized.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Prof. Paul Finefrock will take the principalship of the Richland High School at Wilmot, which will open November 2nd. The building is progressing rapidly. Three courses will be taught: literary, commercial, and elocutionary, including vocal music. It will thoroughly fit the pupil to enter either our State University or State Normal School without taking a preparatory course. This High School, which is instituted by a stock company and run on subscription until the township gets able to buy it, is a masterpiece of enterprise. The building is 25 x 40, two stories, and will cost nearly $2,000.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Elder J. S. Myers has resigned his pastorate of the Winfield Christian Church and leaves this week to enter upon the pastoral duties of the Atchison Christian Church. He preached a farewell sermon to his congregation last night. We regret the departure of Elder Myers. During his labors of a year here he has made many warm friends. He is a young minister of bright promise, zealous in the cause he espouses, of firm convictions, and a fearlessness most admirable. The charge to which he has been called is one of the best in the west, and will give wider scope to the Elder's ambitions. The Winfield church has grown well under his pastorate, but is of course unable to offer the pecuniary inducements of a city like Atchison. Atchison will find the Elder a man who says what he thinks on religion, on prohibition, or on any question affecting the morality and general welfare of humanity, regardless of consequences.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

That the darts of cupid are awful, terrible, many are aware. Absent mindedness is a sure sequel to a bad case. But now we have the most deplorable case of all. And the effect was mutual--an innovation, the same on both sides. Their hearts being conglomerated into one, beat in unison; their minds being one, acted simultaneously and alike. The groom besieged Judge Gans and told him to be at the P. J.'s office at 7 o'clock that evening, ready to commit a matrimonial deed. The Judge rushed home, hurried through supper, arrayed himself in his Prince Albert and lovely smile, and promptly at the appointed hour was behind the wedding altar. But the fellow forgot to lead his bride up. They forgot to get married. The Judge pondered, nervously and wearily, until a late hour, but no "happy pair" appeared. The Judge was now certain that the cigars were on himself. But an evening or two afterward, all such thoughts were dispelled by the fellow again turning up. He had forgotten all about it until too late. The second time was the charm, and the knot was tied, given a double twist and extra bow, for its romance. Still worse, however, the mesmerized groom innocently confessed that he had come to get tied two evenings before, about supper time, and the Judge was gone. It is a mighty virulent love fever that will treat its victims like that. This is the truth, so help me John Rogers. Don't mention this, please; we promised not to give it away.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The Wellington papers are kicking with both feet at the proposition of the K. C. & S. W. to go through Geuda and southern Sumner to Caldwell. But their kicks land against solid rock and the injury all flies back on the kickers. All southern Sumner is heartily in favor of the K. C. & S. W. They know it is a reality: a solid, live, indomitable fact from which they can realize their greatest need. Wellington is mad, awfully mad. She looks just to her north and views the D., M. & A., turns to her south and the K. C. & S. W. looms up--both just missing Wellington. That burg stands with but one thin paper prospect, the Ft. Smith, Wellington and Northwestern, which they hope to get from Ft. Smith up through the Territory to Wellington. But it won't pan. Its backing is known to be very airy--too slim for contemplation. Southern Sumner is too smart to lose a road they are certain to get in two months, for a thin air road with no backing and no possible show for success. The bonds for the K. C. & S. W. will be voted without the least opposition, in the townships voting, and before January first the road will have tapped the Saratoga of the west and the cowboys' paradise. Meanwhile Wellington paws the air. Let 'er paw. Nobody cares.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

After our report Monday, the case of J. Neil et al vs. C. H. Wert and A. W. Wert, was decided for the plaintiff and with judgment for $675.00.

Adelia A. Kibbe vs. Lyman S. Kibbe, suit for divorce, set for the 17th.

John A. and Chas. A. Riehl, minors, vs. Joseph Likowski, suit for $5,000 damages for death of their father from liquor sold by Likowski, was removed to the U. S. Circuit Court, the sum demanded exceeding the jurisdiction of the inferior Court.

Alice V. Matson vs. John Matson, divorce given plaintiff on grounds of extreme cruelty and general cussedness, with $275 alimony, to be a lien on certain property, and $6 a month until paid, which must be in six months; plaintiff given custody of children. This is the most aggravated case that has ever come up in our court, showing Matson to be about on the level with the brute.

John Lowry vs. County Commissioners, tried and taken under advisement by court. This is an appeal from $400 damages allowed on extension of west 9th avenue.

Court adjourned to Monday next at 9 a.m.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The State convention of the Christian church held last week at El Dorado appointed a college committee and instructed it to proceed at once to raise a fund of one hundred thousand dollars, and to visit such places as shall invite them, with a view to the selection of a suitable location, and the committee were authorized to locate and establish the college as soon as the necessary funds are pledged. It is the intention of the brotherhood to establish one University in the State. The Wichita Eagle remarks: "Only two possible candidates were discussed at the convention, Atchison and Wichita, with a very pronounced preference for Wichita." All very well, Mr. Eagle, if you can keep Winfield out of competition. When we go in, poor old Wichita will cry and give up. She may be able to tackle Atchison, but knows Winfield too sadly to buck her alarmingly. Wait till your M. E. college sore heals up. Its running badly yet.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

And still the Queen City continues to spread! The latest addition is the B. B. Vandeventer tract, just north of the city, which has been purchased by H. G. Fuller, C. E. Fuller, C. C. Black, and J. B. Lynn, and will be platted at once. It is a very pretty body of land. It lies just to the left of the section line joining north Main, takes in nearly all of Island Park and all that land lying in the bend of Timber creek north of the S. K. track. The tract contains one hundred and forty acres and was bought for seventy-five dollars per acre: $10,500.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

We note with pleasure the continued progress of this institution. This is the first week of the second month, and the enrollment is more than three times what it was at the opening, and new pupils are coming in from our city, from various parts of Cowley County, and from Harper County. Others are expected soon from a distance. Classes are in successful operation in all the branches included in a first grade certificate, also in pedagogy and in Latin. Arrangements are being made to secure an additional teacher.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

James McDermott, upon returning home to dinner Monday and as he drew near his house, noticed a party just mounting a horse with a buggy whip in his hand. The party seemed to be a little hurried, which raised Mr. McDermott's suspicions, seeing that the man came from his barn and that he was once the possessor of a bran new buggy whip, so he went into the carriage room and investigated. The whip was gone: taken right before his eyes. This is one of the cheekiest and coolest steals out. The villain taking it should have it worn out on his back.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The Phillips House robbery, mentioned in THE COURIER Saturday, was traced to Earnest Skillings, the night clerk, and Frank Shearman, a roustabout printer. They are young men of heretofore good reputation. They confess all. The Wellington Press says: "The boys put up the job between themselves to get that good roll of $150, but they had been honest during the rest of their lives and worked the matter very clumsily. Sunday we called on the boys and they feel bad and have our sympathy. We trust they may be allowed all the sympathy the law will give, for we feel satisfied that it is the first attempt they have ever made in the line of a burglary."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Capt. C. W. Rogers, General Manager of the St. Louis & San Francisco railroad, came in on the K. C. & S. W., Tuesday, in his palace dining car, and took a look over Winfield. He was taking a trip over the Frisco and the K. C. & S. W. folks invited him to take a run over their line, hitched his car to their engine, and brought him down. This was his first visit to Winfield. He was delighted with our beautiful city, with its life and general spread.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

M. D. Covell, of Wellington, was in the city Tuesday and left a card in THE COURIER advertising his Sumner County "Percheron Stud Farm." His life has been spent as a breeder of fine stock, having traveled all over France and other countries in perfecting his experience. His fine stock is a big addition to Southern Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

E. T. Cartlidge, tax levy inspector of the Santa Fe railroad, was in the city Tuesday, seeing that the tax levy of this county is all square. He visits annually the county seat of every county through which the Santa Fe runs, computes the tax, and makes comparisons with the regular tax levy. He is an expert and never fails to detect any errors, even to a cent.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Best Buckskin gloves on earth. McGuire Bros.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.

J J Allton et ux to John Alexander, lots 8, 9, 10 and 11, block 36, A. C.: $600

Wm H Johnson et ux to Chas Galloway, lot 13, blk 34, A. C.: $150

C M Scott et ux to Wm H Johnson, lot 13, blk 34, A. C.: $35

Highland Park Town Co. to Southwest Kansas Conference, 20 acres in Highland Park, for College purposes. [No dollar amount given.]

David P Marshall et ux to Charles Galloway, lot 14, blk 4, A. C., q-c: $22.00

John Alexander et ux to John J Allton, nw qr ne qr 13-34-3e, 40 acres: $1,000

Henry Phenix et ux to J C McMullen, e hf se qr 33-32-4e: $1,500

James M Felton to Maria Felton, lots 3 and 4 and e hf sw qr 19-34-5e, ex 40 acres: $1,600

Harriet M Sanders and hus to J C McMullen, nw qr sec 9 and ne qr 18-32-6e: $5,000

Charles A Cooper et ux to L C Cooper, n hf nw qr and nw qr ne qr 22-20-7e: $550

Chris C Brown to Franklin Lefler, lots 2 and 3, blk 340, Dexter: $300

Atlanta Town Co. to E A Henthorn, lot 1, blk 21, Atlanta: $50

H P Snow et ux to J P Zimmerman, lots 11 and 12, blk 21, Burden: $2,000

Amanda S Abell to H P Snow, lots 11 and 12, blk 21, Burden: $2,000

F E Lockwood et ux to L D Latham, lot 9, blk 92, Menors ad to Win.: $1,800

Louise Fitzsimmons et ux to Milligan Pope, lot 1, blk 38, Udall: [No dollar amount given.]

Philip Huffman et ux to Patrick Castello, tract in 27-34-6e: $50

Trower Jacobs to J F McDowel, e hf ne qr 22-23-7e: $800

Lewis D Land to A. H. Jennings, se qr 9-31-5e, 100 acres: $950

Adam E Madorie et ux to Henry Hulse, lots 19 and 20, blk 48, A. C.: $225

Fielding McClung et ux to Frankie F McClung, w hf sw qr 24-32-3e, 80 acres: $2,500

Millie Zook to Eugene S Bliss, lots 10, 11, and 12, blk 30, Winfield: $2,100

W C Robinson to James Jordon, se qr 30-31-4e, q-c: $1.00

Charles S Seitz to Cordelia Eldridge, lot 26, blk 108, A. C.: $80

Annie K Scott and hus to Robert M Wood, lot 17, blk 40 and lot 17, blk 143, A. C.: $50

D B Jackson et ux to Laura F Otis, lots 1, 2 and e hf nw qr 19-33-7e, 191 acres: $2,500

Nixon S Buckner et ux to Willis A Ritchie, lots 14 and 15, blk 16, College hill: $400

Adolphus G Lowe et ux to George L Brown, lot 16, blk 168, A. C.: $165

Adolphus G Lowe et ux to Samuel B Scott, lot 6, blk 170, Leonard's ad to A. C.: $225

James T Shepard et ux to Calvin S Aker, lot 19, blk 146, A. C.: $40

Isaac N Stamper to Alfred H Dodd, lot 9 and 10, blk 157, A. C.: $100

Alfred H Dodd to Arial Fairclo, lots 9 and 10, blk 157, A. C.: $100

P T Walton et ux to the State Bank of Burden, lot 4, blk 40, Burden, q-c: $150

Trustees of Baptist church to W H Moore, lot 5, Parson's ad to Winfield: $35

W B Kelly et ux to A Bennett, lot 15, blk 286, Thompson's 3rd ad to Winfield: $600

G W Fry et ux to Albert A Newman, lot 19, blk 77, A. C.: $15

John W Eley et ux to Willard G Tidd, tract in se qr 28-32-4e: $1,500

George W Foughty et ux to Eliza Lacy, tract in se qr sw qr 23-32-5e: $400

Benj F Ayers et ux to J C McMullen, lots 1 and 2 and e hf ne qr 7-30-7e: $1,000

John D Pryor et ux to William A Harman, s hf nw qr and nw qr ne qr 25-34-6e: $1,800

Highland B Spice et ux to Isabella M Hodgson, lots 24, 25, 28, and 29 in 6-30-8e: $1,500

George A Cox et ux to Charles H Elliott, n hf nw qr 21-31-5e, 80 acres: $300

Albert N Parlin et ux to Rufus C Haywood, lot 26, blk 45, A. C.: $25

Andrew M Journey et ux to Mollie Zook, lot 5, blk 171, Winfield: $675

Lafayette McLaughlin et al to John Landes, lots 19, 20, 21, and 22, blk 70, A. C.: $500

Henry Ramage to McD. Stapleton, se qr 2-32-7e, 160 acres: $200

Mary C Seybolds and hus to Robt C Losey, lots 5, 6, and 11, 18-34-8e, 120 acres: $225

James C McClelland et ux to Robt C Losey, lots 4, 13, and 14, 18-34-8e, 120 acres: $925

G W Fry et ux to Sarah E Pickering, lot 19, blk 104, A. C.: $40

Michael Harkins to John A Mitchell, ne qr 11-35-3e, 160 acres: $2,600

John A Mitchell to Thomas H Tyner, ne qr 11-35-3e, 160 acres: $3,000

Thomas A Gaskill et ux to William Gibby, lots 15, 16, 17, 18, and 19, blk 135, A. C.: $1,500

Isaac H Cass et ux to Arannah M Clark, nw qr 12-31-4e: $1,200


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Rev. F. A. Brady, Udall's Baptist minister, delivered a sermon in the M. E. church Sunday evening on "The Model Woman." It was eloquent and forcible in practical logic and deep pathos. He took his text from Prov. xxviii:10-31--the grandest verses in the bible in profitable precept. The Reverend represented the model woman as the true, christian-like, womanly woman--one who looks to the welfare of all around her; whose constant thought is to live right and do right; whose capabilities and desires are exerted in the upbuilding of humanity; a frugal, economical woman, the devoted helpmate of her husband and the ever-watchful guardian angel of her household. The stingy, groveling, ungodly, inhuman, and scoundrelly man who marries a virtuous, promising woman to blight her life and possibilities was shown up in all his reptile form and stingingly rebuked. He exhibited the great responsibilities of man in allowing opportunities for the development of a model woman. It was a grand sermon, delivered in Rev. Brady's most zealous and effective manner. Such sermons have great power in elevating humanity and stimulating right thinking and right living.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

A COURIER representative spent some days at Latham, the new town in Butler County on the K. C. & S. W., last week. The town is but three months old and contains about two hundred inhabitants and fifty houses. It is full of bustle and activity and promises great things in the future. Its business location is most favorable, being the only available supply point for a large territory of rich agricultural lands. New settlers are flocking in and the improvement and growth of the place is phenomenal.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Some merchants still persist in piling their rubbish all over the sidewalks and throwing their offal into the gutters, making the streets look like a barn yard and giving the gutters the odor of a mixture of Limburger and decayed eggs. This is contrary to the "statoots." Marshal McFadden don't propose to tell you to quit it any more. He'll come down on you with official grip without further warning. So clean your premises of its "excrementiousness." (We found this word wrapped in an old shirt a tramp printer left in the office last week.)

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

A rolling stone gathers no moss. Paste this in your hat, you who are thinking of trying new fields and pastures green. Persons who sold out and left Winfield three or four years ago lost a young fortune, and the same thing will be experienced by those who sell out and leave now. Sure as little apples were made by the creator of all things.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Man is a harvester. He begins life at the cradle; learns to handle the fork; often has rakish ways, and sows wild oats; threshes his way through the world, and when he arrives at the sere and yellow leaf, time mows him down, and his remains are planted on the hillside.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

"I never was exactly buried alive," said an old clerk, recounting his experience, "but I once worked a week in a store that did not advertise. When I came out my head was almost as white as you now see it. Solitary confinement did it."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Coal is the burning issue of the hour: and the appearance of the man going after a ton of it with a peck measure is a burning shame.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.


OFFICE over Wallis & Wallis' grocery store, first stairway south Farmers' bank. Residence 1011 Church street, opposite M. E. church.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Fresh Cranberries at Wallis & Wallis'.

Headquarters for fine glassware, Polka dot and Amberina at Wallis & Wallis'.

We can sell you a hanging lamp 30 per cent less than before. Wallis & Wallis.

Call and see the latest novelty in hanging lamps and you will have no other. Wallis & Wallis.

Just received four crates of meat, uncanvassed Hams, and Breakfast Bacon. Dry, salt, and smoked Bacon at Wallis & Wallis'.

We will for the next 60 days slaughter prices and sell glass and queensware at greatly reduced prices to avoid the trouble and expense of moving. Wallis & Wallis.

The best and largest assortment of Library Lamps ever offered to the people of Winfield and Cowley County and the latest improvements adjusted for a ceiling 12 feet down to 7 feet, and at way down prices for the next 60 days. Wallis & Wallis.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.



Percheron Stud Farm.

For 15 years a breeder and importer of Percherons. RECORDED STUD-BOOK and HIGH-GRADE, acclimated animals of all ages and both sexes for sale.

For reference, inquire of Jennings Brothers.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Recap. M. L. Read, plaintiff, vs. Ira Freeman, Henry Freeman, Van Freeman, defendants.

Suit filed in District court asking judgment for $60.00 with 12 percent interest, from March 12, 1881, Concerned real property and asked for sale of such. Jennings & Troup, Attorneys.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Recap Administrators Notice. James A. Goforth, Administrator of the estate of Alice Goforth, deceased. Hackney & Asp, Attorneys. Notice sent to Orlena Goforth, J. J. Goforth, W. P. Goforth, Robert Goforth, Lucy Goforth, Laura Goforth, Jane Goforth, Clyde Goforth, C. B. Goforth, Alice Goforth, Ellen Goforth, May Goforth, A. P. Brooks, T. P. Brooks, William Brooks, J. B. Brooks, James Brooks, Osborne Brooks, Nattion [?] Brooks, Cordelia Cockrum, C. T. Cockrum, James Cockrum, Laura Myers, George Myers, and James A Goforth. Asked for sale of real estate. Hearing: November 9, 1885. H. D. Gans, Probate Judge.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.



House Furnishing Department.

The Largest Stock West of the Missouri River.

We are Prepared to Furnish the Finest Mansion as well as the Most Humble Cottage.

Velvet Brussels, Body Brussels, Tapestry Brussels, Cocoa Matting, Stair Carpets, Floor Oil Cloth, Tapestry Matts, Crump Cloth, Two-Ply Ingrains, Extra Super Ingrains, Hemp and Rag Carpets, Napier Matting, Borders, Oil Cloth Rugs, Velvet Rugs, Smyrna Rugs,

And a most elegant line of

Window Shades and Lace Curtains.





Dry Goods, Carpets, Clothing.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.


Around our business reputation we have drawn a circle within whose bounds no foot-prints of deceit or double-dealing can be seen. We are the "Up and Up" Merchant of the Arkansas Valley. We are


We stake our reputation and our good name on our acts and our actions. We conduct our business on principles that are as eternal as the rock-ribbed hills. We have never made a promise or a proposition to the public that we have not fulfilled TO THE LETTER. We have always given the people better value for every dollar that they have spent with us, than they could have obtained in the city.

This Fall We Intend to Do Better Than Ever Before.

Our constantly increasing business gives us facilities in buying that are possessed by few firms in America. We are just the firm to take advantage of this truth, and we propose this fall to sell all of our Goods at such close figures that we shall double our trade, save you money, and worry the other merchants.




Whatever article you may need, come pick it out--the price for the quality will be lower than you will expect. With the assurance that there never has been such a stupendous and elegant stock displayed in Kansas, We are respectfully,

ELI YOUNGHEIM, The Widely-Known Clothing Merchant.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.



Wish to inform the public that they are headquarters for anything in the line of

Hardware, Stoves, Tinware

Roofing, Guttering, Pumps, Iron Pipe, Rubber Hose, Etc.

We have the exclusive agency for Winfield of the celebrated


STOVES and RANGES, one of the finest lines of Stoves ever brought to Winfield. We also keep a full line of the "ECONOMICAL GOLD MEDAL" Soft Coal Heaters; keep fire all night, with a Patent Gas Consumer; burns one half the coal of other Heaters. A written guarantee with every stove. Guarantee satisfaction or no sale. Call and see us.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

H. G. FULLER, Seven years in the Loan Business.

W. L. MULLIN, The Land Man with

C. E. FULLER. Formerly Assistant Cashier Winfield Bank.


Real Estate, Loan, and Insurance Agents,


Loans negotiated on improved farms on as good terms as any agents can make in this county. Will sell you a farm on short notice.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.



Shelf and Heavy Hardware.

The Celebrated Hawkeye Barb Wire a Specialty.


And a full assortment of Shelf Hardware. Our motto is "Honest dealing and small profits." Come and see us.

East 9th Avenue, opposite Ferguson's Livery Stable.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

Furniture and Carpets.

Having secured the exclusive right of the Patent Carpet Exhibitor,

I am prepared to


than ever. Call and see the wonderful invention, even if you don't want to buy carpet. I will also keep in stock

Carpet Sweepers, Stretchers, Binding,

Oil Cloth, Carpet Felt, Door Mats, Rugs and Matting. Also the largest, latest, and most select styles of Parlor, Chamber, Dining, Office and Kitchen Furniture to be found in the county. Picture frames of all kinds, oil paintings, chromos, water colors, brackets, towel and hat racks, foot rests, and blacking boxes, and other articles too numerous to mention. Also keeps on hand a full line of mattresses. When in need of any articles in my line, please call at

918 Main Street, East Side.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.



Shelf and Heavy Hardware,


Plumbers, Gas and Steam Fitters

Hose, Reeds, Lawn Sprinklers, Gas and Water Plumbing at Lowest Rates and

Satisfaction Guaranteed.

West side Main street, between 9th and 10th avenues.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.



Incorporated 1865.

NOBLE CALDWELL, District Agent,

909 Main Street, Winfield, Kansas.


Assets January 1st, 1885, $1,659,798.95; Surplus to Policy Holders, $423,908.41; Premiums paid in Kansas, 1884, $230,164.82; Losses paid in Kansas, 1884, $70,212.58. No bulldozing at time of loss. All loss on stock and damage settled at my office. Four other First-Class Companies in my Agency. Before trying cheap insurance, read the policy, then call and read the German Policy and see which is the farmers' friend--see which is the cheaper at time of loss. NOBLE CALDWELL, District Agent.


He is Royally Welcomed in St. Louis and Given a Banquet.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

ST. LOUIS, MO., October 10. Vice President Hendricks was taken on Change about noon yesterday by a committee of representative merchants, both Democrats and Republicans. A great crowd awaited him, including a large number of ladies. Mr. Hendricks was introduced from the rostrum by President Hoarstick and made a brief speech complimentary to St. Louis on her commercial prosperity. He also spoke of the unity of the great Mississippi Valley, the greatest unity save that of the union itself and predicted that the influence of the valley would eventually extend to every part of the country. Governor Marmaduke, in a short speech, welcomed Mr. Hendricks in behalf of the citizens of Missouri. General John B. Henderson was called out and referred to the fact that from the very platform on which Mr. Hendricks stood to address them, he had been nominated for the Vice-Presidency nine years ago. He referred to the pleasant relations with Mr. Hendricks, and said that having tried for six years to convert each other, they had finally made a good compromise, and Mr. Hendricks was only about one-half Democrat and half Republican and so was he. Mr. Hendricks was then escorted around the hall and the members welcomed him with constant cheers. After a short stay the Vice President was taken in charge by a committee of four ex-Mayors by a committee of four ex-Mayors of the city with whom he drove to Mr. Henderson's house where a light lunch was served. The party then drove out to the fair grounds. Mr. Hendricks will leave for home this morning. A strictly private banquet was given to Vice President Hendricks at the St. Louis Club House last night. Only forty covers were laid and the affair is understood to have been of a purely social character.


The Great Explosion at Hell Gate a Success. Felt in New York.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

NEW YORK, October 10. The explosion under Flood Rock occurred exactly at 11:13 a.m. The shock was perceptibly felt in the lower part of the city, the earth quaking for an interval of about a second.


NEW YORK, October 10. At nine o'clock this morning, the residents of Blackwell's Island, comprising the inmates of the various public institutions, could be seen marching out in neat order to the north lawns. There is no work for the prisoners this morning. There is an air of subdued excitement about everything which would lead a stranger to at once infer that "Something is up." That something is today's great explosion. The harbor police are busy keeping the river clear. Four hundred and fifty policemen are on duty on Blackwell's Island. A cordon of them surrounds the prison while about two hundred are within watching the prisoners as they are marching out into the halls.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

NIAGARA FALLS, ONT., October 10. With a view to preventing the introduction of small-pox into the United States from this point, Dr. Briggs and a corps of sanitary inspectors from Buffalo had a conference here today with officials of the Grand Trunk and Michigan Central Railways. A rule was adopted that all passengers from Canadian points for the United States must produce certificates of having been vaccinated within a year. The Canadian railroads will have passengers examined before reaching this point, to prevent confusion and delay. The authorities on both sides of the river are making arrangements for compulsory vaccination.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

PARIS, October 10. It is stated that as a result of the elections, General Campenon, Minister of War, has instructed General Courcey, the commander in Tonquin, to confine the French occupation to forts on the Red River Delta and return the remainder of the troops to France. General Pittis, President Grevy's Secretary, in an interview today, said that the President believed that the Republicans will unite and form a compact majority. The President does not intend to exile the Orleanists unless they break the laws.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

NEW YORK, October 10. There were two heavy wrecks on the Erie Road this morning at Turner's Station. A very heavy freight train left the track and the wreck was complete. No lives were lost. At 7:15 a.m. another freight train was derailed by a broken wheel just below Garfield, N. J., and the cars loaded with Glucose in barrels were thrown in every direction. The loss on rolling stock is very great. The wreckers got to work quickly and there was little delay to local trains.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

KANSAS CITY, Mo., October 10. A special to the Times from Osage City, Kansas, says: Report reached this city last evening that the Sheriff of Osage County was a defaulter in a large sum of money, and that the County Commissioner had on that account declared the office of Sheriff vacant. The present Sheriff being the nominee of the Republicans at their county convention, the matter is creating quite a sensation.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

LONDON, October 10. The members of the Cabinet were in session almost two hours. It is said that the session was devoted chiefly to a discussion of Irish affairs. Some discredit is thrown on this, however, from the fact that Lord Salisbury had a prolonged conference with County Von Munster after the sitting adjourned, and it is asserted that the Bulgarian question was also a topic of discussion.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 15, 1885.

PARIS, October 10. The War Office received a dispatch today dated Tamatave, from Miet, Commander of the French forces in Madagascar, stating that the French and Hovas had an indecisive fight September 26 at Passandova Bay. The French lost thirty-one killed and wounded and the Hovas twenty-seven.




Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.




Is here, and to remind you that we are "on top," as usual, we want you to come in and look through the


department, in which we offer extraordinary inducements for this week.


in Llama, Saxony, Spanish, German Knitting, Germantown and Standard Yarns, of all colors. Don't forget to see those fine

Springer Brothers Newmarkets.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.


of both pleasure and business that we announce the arrival of our new stock of seasonable


Furnishing Goods, Hats, Caps and Gloves,


for men, boys, and children. Come and look at them. It will cost you nothing. Our prices are marked in plain figures and all goods sold at marked prices. Remember that we ask no one to buy on the strength of our advertisement. We know that the

Quality and Price of Our Goods

will appeal to your good judgment. We trust that every reader of this paper will be sufficiently interested to call and examine our


We are always glad to show our goods and think our display cannot fail to please you. By strict attention to business, careful study of the wants of our patrons, and the faithful performance of our obligations, we hope to merit your patronage and deserve your esteem.

Respectfully Yours,






Alleged Irregularities and Frauds in Cincinnati Lead to an Excited Feeling.

Rumors Regarded as Extravagant.

Speak of the City as on the Verge of Another Riot.

The Legislature Claimed by Both Parties.

A Determined Fight in Prospect.--Tabulated Returns.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

CINCINNATI, October 16. There can be no absolute certainty about the result of Tuesday's election in Hamilton County until the official count is made. The vote in two precincts of the Nineteenth ward, whose counting was unfinished last night, is now being counted, and the result on Governor with one county precinct missing, which is 1884, gave seventeen Republican majority, stands thus: For Governor--Hoadly, 33,667; Foraker, 33,362; Leonard, 1,020. Hoadly's plurality, 305. The returns are far from complete on the legislative ticket. The Times-Star estimates the average vote on the Republican members of the Legislature exceeds Foraker's vote by 1,015. If that rate is maintained, it would elect the Republican delegation except Robert Harlan. Nothing can determine this contingency except an official count. Figures from the State, exclusive of Hamilton County, indicate a plurality of from 18,000 to 20,000 for Foraker. The totals should read as follows: Foraker's plurality, 53,368; Hoadly's plurality, 33,301. Foraker's net plurality, 20,085. Admitting that Hamilton County is about even, and that Brown and Ottawa yet to hear from, will give Hoadly a majority equal to the majority for Cleveland last year. Foraker's plurality will be 18,189. Very little can be said regarding the Legislature. The Republicans claim the Representatives in Hardin County, and admit the election of a Democrat in Stark County. Otherwise the situation remains unchanged.

Skipped the rest of above article.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

CINCINNATI, OHIO, October 16. The irregularities and alleged gross frauds in connection with Tuesday's election in this city has made a most profound impression on all classes of well-meaning people. The palpable crime of putting more than two hundred votes in one box in excess of the registration for that precinct has aroused the deepest indignation, especially in the German quarter of the city. A little meeting, quite private, was held to discuss plans. Fiery talk was had and a general understanding that steps would be taken today for calling an indignation meeting. The matter was discussed, but no formal call was made. Notwithstanding this, there was a large gathering about Turner Hall last night, and application was made for the hall for the purpose of holding an indignation meeting. The proprietor took advice and refused to open the hall. The men lingered about the place, some uttering most violent denunciations of the leaders, whom they regarded as responsible for the violations of the law and counseling summary measures. Others argued in favor of moderation and urged that the fullest possible support be given to the committee of 100, which is now at work preparing for the discovery and prosecution of offenders against the law. As there was no opportunity to hold a meeting, the crowds finally dispersed. The police authorities had notice of the proposed indignation meeting, and fearing that it would result as did the one held at Music Hall to denounce the Berner trial when the mob burned the courthouse, strengthened the force and used all precautions to meet such a result. The holding of an indignation meeting has been discouraged by Mayor Smith and by all who wish peace, but there is a widespread feeling that some action shall be taken to preserve the purity of elections.


CINCINNATI, October 16. Extravagant reports have been telegraphed from here that there is intense excitement in the city over election returns and a riot is anticipated. There is no reason whatever to believe there will be any trouble of the kind. The figures show a closeness in the vote that is uncomfortable to both parties. In several cases, perhaps, the official court will be necessary to decide who is elected, but on the face of the returns, the Democratic ticket is elected with the exception of two county officers.


COLUMBUS, OHIO, October 16. The excitement was at fever heat here last night. It was understood the Democrats are arranging to look after the count in close counties and sending agents to the different localities to represent them; they are still claiming the Legislature on joint ballot by the same figures which they gave out last evening with fifty-six members in the House and twenty-one in the Senate. They claim Hamilton County solid, while the Republicans have settled down to the idea that they have from 400 to 800 majority on the entire ticket with the exception of one candidate for the House, Colonel Robert Harlan. The contest hangs there, and if there is any trouble, it will originate from that point. Should the Republicans find they cannot secure the Legislature on a joint ballot without Hamilton County, they will make a desperate effort to secure a part of it at least. A large number of prominent Republicans have come in from different parts of the State on the evening trains and they are making efforts to meet the enemy in anything which may be attempted in the close counties. The chairman of the committee again sent telegrams to all the chairmen of the committees of the close counties where the contests have not yet been decided, and have put them on guard to the effect that there is an effort being made to steal a United States Senatorship, and to use the greatest care in the protection of tally sheets and poll-books until the official count is completed. The Republicans claim majorities in Hamilton on the entire ticket from 400 to 800. All sorts of stories are rife as to how the thing is going to come out. Governor Headly, in an interview last night, expressed regrets over the information which he has received that there has been corruption in some of the counties and districts. While there was no money used against them, so far as he knew, on the State ticket, he says he has it on good authority that the Republicans have been making the most reckless use of money in some of the counties. He congratulates the state and the Democrats that they have accomplished one thing at the election, if nothing else, and that is, they have done away with the October election in the State, and it will be some conciliation, he says, if there should be a Democratic Legislature in order that they might be able to administer a rebuke to Sherman and his methods.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Chaperoned by Architect Ritchie, behind his bay flyer, our reporter enjoyed a spin to College Hill, the "Phool school," and other places Wednesday. Paris & Harrod are throwing dirt lively from the college excavation and will have it done next week. Every time you visit this location, you are more forcibly imbued with the grandeur of its views. A prettier location for such an institution couldn't be found in the land. Winfield, as it nestles in this lovely valley, embowered in leafy verdure and skirted by the meandering wood of the Walnut river and Timber creek, presents an entrancing sight. Then an ascension of the mound gives a grand view for miles and miles around. The excavation for the Imbecile Asylum is about done. The charm of this location is almost equal to that of College Hill. We were in good time yesterday to avoid the rush and get a choice room. The last big boulders are being lifted from the basement by the crane and crampoons. The excavation has been a gigantic job. It was a continual blast through the hardest of lime stone: almost as hard as flint. The whole grounds are strewn with the immense boulders that have been taken out. Much of the stone from the excavation is being worked up for window and door sills, the foundation, etc., though it is too hard to be used altogether. Contractor J. Q. Ashton says he can lay down, all worked up ready for use, the softer stone from the regular quarries for less than he can dress the hard stone from the excavation. The walls will begin to go up Monday morning. Much of the stone is prepared and waiting use. When the Imbecile Asylum and our magnificent college building are finished with a street car line, which will be inevitable, these places will be a popular resort for visitors and a big thing in spreading the fame of our city. Couple these with our numerous and valuable private improvements, and our splendid railroad prospects, and The Queen City's future surely presents a roseate hue.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Still the newspaper encomiums on the grand exhibit and victory of Cowley County at the Indiana State Fair come rolling in. The latest to catch our eye is the following, from the Hamilton, Butler County, Ohio, Democrat. "Everybody asked where in this wide world is Cowley County? They were told that it is in Southern Kansas, bordering on the Indian Territory. Capt. P. A. Huffman, a former Hoosier, together with J. F. Martin, president of the Cowley County Fair, were the gentlemen having the great exhibit in charge, assisted by other members of the society. Their county, although only fifteen years old, is the eighth in population. They came here with the largest and unquestionably greatest display of fruits ever made in Indiana. Apples and peaches that would make the mouth of a Buckeye water, to look at them. Apples, well we cannot attempt to describe anything so tempting as they were. Some of the Indianians present say they fear the exhibit will cause an exodus from their number that they cannot well afford. We have always heard of southern Kansas as being a great fruit country, and now we are satisfied that it is all it has been represented to be."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

In a recent issue of THE DAILY COURIER a statement was made that an exhibitor of fine fruit of our Fair refused to permit the committee to take his fruit to Indianapolis. I have no doubt but what this statement was made honestly, supposing the information to be correct, but it gives me great pleasure to state, as far as my knowledge extends, that such a circumstance did not occur. There were a few parties that carried their fruit away at the close of the Fair, but not until, agreeable to their request, I examined it and selected such as was not suitable to ship. As far as I know, every exhibitor most cordially acquiesced when requested by the committee to leave the exhibit entire, from which selections were made on Saturday. Great credit is due our fruit exhibitors in thus donating their choicest fruits that the committee might so grandly advertise Cowley County at Indianapolis. From the inception of this plan to its full consummation, was one continued success, and will be attended with important results. J. F. Martin.

K. C. & S. W. DAMAGES.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The board of County Commissioners has filed its report of damages allowed on the K. C. & S. W. right of way from Winfield to the south line of Pleasant Valley township, as follows: J. H. Snyder, P. B. Lee and Dr. Marsh, $15; A. G. Robinson, $643.20; S. S. Linn, $725; M. E. Rodocker, $574; N. S. Perry, $31; H. R. Shaughness, $575; Z. B. Myers, $377; Uriah Copeland, $357; Lewis Fibbs, $519.50; W. H. H. Teter, $514; Z. S. Whitson, $431.50; Holtby Estate, $325; Lucius Walton, $349.50; John W. Snyder, $526.50; Wilson Shaw, $539; Daniel Mumaw, $509.50; L. Walton, $634; J. H. Wooley, $491.50; J. R. Tuner, $460.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

We are informed that there is a blind tiger running with full head of steam in Mulvane, just over the county line in Sedgwick County. We would call the attention of the authorities of that county to his bold defiance of the law. It is no credit to Sedgwick County that men who do not dare to violate the law in Sumner County have no hesitation to do it a few feet further north in Sedgwick.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Hon. James N. Kerns, United States Marshal of Pennsylvania, writes that during the severe winter weather his family used Red Star Cough Cure and were much benefitted by it. He states that he knows nothing better in relieving colds or sore throats.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The Wellington Press is trying to cure itself of a very bad case of stagnancy by guying Winfield on her population compared to Wellington. Her affidavits prove nothing. Nearly half of Winfield was outside of the city limits at our last census. Give us your ear, Thomas, and listen to the colossal fact that Winfield's next census, with all her platted territory taken into the limits, will give her eight thousand inhabitants, seven thousand of whom we have Friday. Keep your shirt on, dear sufferers! Winfield will continue to crawl up the ladder of fame population and wealth at a rate to draw out your greenest envy.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The postoffice was moved Saturday night to the building formerly known as the Ninth Avenue Hotel. The building has been painted and papered and will make a very good building for this purpose. The only trouble will be there is not room enough between the door and general delivery. However, it is the best building that could be procured.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The Fahey brick, on east Ninth, is being calsomined and papered in glowing neatness for the reception of the postoffice. It will make a splendid building for this purpose, plenty of room and light, a back door mail entrance, and all essentials. The second story of the building is being remodeled for offices.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The Telegram is as tame as an infant this week. It pulls at the political bottle with a lethargy that denotes emptiness. Its drivel shows a big cave from its arrogant pabulum of last week. It begins to see how really thin a ticket the Democracy has hoisted.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The Telegram has caught on to THE COURIER's revere tactics. Since giving our first little three liner four columns in reply, it concludes the mode a daisy and proceeds to pattern. Whoever saw a democratic brain capable of originating anything?

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The Telegram says it cannot reply to the political criticisms of THE COURIER. Of course you can't. Facts will knock you down every time. But why didn't you find it out sooner, Walter? You have now cast six or eight columns on the desert air.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The cellar walls of the Weitzel-Ransdall and the Curns and Manser-Wallis blocks, on south Main, are about finished and the main walls will soon be looming.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Oh! dear me! I am afraid D. Seaver will down me, he blows too much and don't put in just what I write, but adds a little to it. Smash the Ring.--Fred Hunt.


Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

J. F. Graham left Thursday for Keene, Ohio, for a short visit.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The little child of Mr. and Mrs. James McDermott is very sick.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

P. A. Huffman has received a car load of high bred Jerseys. They are daisies.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Mr. Hartsock is building a neat addition to his residence on east Ninth avenue.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

W. H. Damsel, general route agent of Adams Express Company, was in the city Thursday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Oscar Andrew, representing the Garrison Chappell, Pine Paper Co., St. Louis, was doing the city Friday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Sam and T. W. Myton have returned from a few days at Garden City, Medicine Lodge, and other places.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

J. C. Fuller left on Thursday for two weeks at his Leadville, Colorado, mine, which is said to be panning out considerably now.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

D. Mater and Baxter Norton are putting up a blacksmith shop just south of Glass' coal house, and will be prepared to do work in a short time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Wm. Melville and Mary Seabridge; Daniel Garner and Anna Brown are the last souls to obtain the documents from Judge Gans to make them one.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

G. C. Wallace and Peter Croco have bought lots of H. N. Jarvis, corner of Loomis street and Riverside avenue, and will erect handsome residences.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Mrs. A. Graff and her little daughter, Tacy, came over from Wellington on Thursday for a few days with Mrs. Collins and Miss Lena Walrath.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Rev. F. A. Brady returned Friday from Galena, where he attended the wedding of Nelson Clark and Louie Kneibler. Mr. Clark is an old resident of Vernon township.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Judge Dalton is erecting a neat and roomy residence on his quarter block on east 10th avenue, nine blocks out. It is in the most desirable residence portion of the city.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Capt. H. H. Siverd, the irrepressible, of Winfield, looked in on us Wednesday. As is a usual thing, with his visits here, he returned home having plenty of company.

Udall Sentinel.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Judge McDonald's Caroline took first money in the big pacing race at the Hutchinson Fair this week, making the mile in 2:28.This is the fastest time made in this circuit of fairs.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Mrs. N. M. Powers is enjoying a visit from her cousin, Mr. Addison Steele, of New York. He is accompanied by his wife and they are highly pleased with Winfield and Cowley.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The bright little child of Mr. and Mrs. James McDermott died Friday, of inflammation of the brain, and was buried Saturday, the ceremonies being conducted by Rev. Reider.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Mr. Levi Rodocker, a brother of D. Rodocker, and family arrived Saturday from Twin Grove, Wisconsin. He will make this his home. Mr. Rodocker is a contractor and speculator.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Frank Manny has again got to courting, this time in Judge Turner's court, for shooting his gun too close to Jimmy Land's fowls. The trial is set for tomorrow. Frank will plead not guilty.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

John Swain, well known as a resident of Winfield for years, has just returned from a trip to England. THE COURIER was sent to him during his England sojourn. It now goes to his home, Mt. Dora, Florida.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

J. M. Householder, one of Vernon's best and brightest farmers, was in town Thursday inquiring about the prospects of the Ninth avenue bridge across the Walnut. This bridge should be attended to.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

H. N. Jarvis has sold his residence property on south Loomis street to Wm. H. Day, of Atlanta, for $2,000. The sale was made through H. G. Fuller & Co. Mr. Jarvis and family go to California next week, to reside.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

"Smash the Ring, boys. D. Seaver says so. Smash it wide open and let me in. I'm going to get there big. A good many of the Democrats will vote for Smock, but I'll get there all the same."--Fred Hunt.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Matrimony is looming up. Chas. Grant and Jennie Banister, Jas. Frost and Hannah Bannister; Robert Hunt and Ella King; William Stivers and Ada Rice, are the latest victims, according to Judge Gans' Record.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The cases of James A. Bowlin vs. Selora A. White, suit on failure of sheep contract, 200, and Henry E. Asp, guardian of Lin Scott estate vs. W. M. Roberts, suit to partition real estate, were filed with District Clerk Pate on Wednesday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Mrs. Al. Roberts was taken to Winfield Wednesday and has been placed under the care of Dr. Emerson. Mrs. Roberts was so weak that she had to be carried aboard the cars in a chair. We hope to hear soon that she is speedily recovering. Udall Sentinel.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

"Yes, I'll own up that I run a Republican paper because I got land notices by so doing. I'm making a big blow now because there is money in it and the party make me. I'd just as soon be a Democrat as a Republican, or vice versa. . . ." D. Seaver.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

We should think Geo. Rembaugh would feel lonesome. Most of the new Democratic postmasters and appointees seem to be ex-convicts or have been up to some deviltry. Hope George will persevere in well doing notwithstanding it is in such bad form in his party.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Sheriff Fisher caged a tiger in his Wellington den the other day. It was a whiskey joint: a dark cellar. It took four revolver shots to halt the jointist in his precipitate flight. He got a big fine and costs. It's getting to be a mighty thorny business, this joint racket.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Born to Charles and Abigail Allison, Oct. 12th, twin boys. The little fellows are lively and just as pretty as can be. No one can tell one from the other, they are so near alike. Mr. Allison is very proud of them, and says he will move west now and grow up with the country.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

A Kansas City man of money, standing, and experience, anticipates starting a pork packing establishment in Winfield. To prove to him that our hog industry will make such an establishment profitable, the shipments of the past year are now being officially aggregated. More anon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Geo. Custer, chief engineer of the D., M. & A. railroad, spent Thursday in the city among friends. He is superintendent and general manager in charge of the building of the road, and stated to a gentleman that the D., M. & A. company was in a good financial working condition, and bid fair to build that road without unnecessary delay. Wichita Eagle.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Jay Gould's few hours sojourn in Wichita Thursday seem to have been to look and not talk. All the converse pumps that could be used on him failed to elicit what he thought of Wichita or how he felt about extending special favors. He went to Anthony, the terminus of his road, and returned to Ft. Scott the same evening, in his palace car.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Col. Sinnott, our newly appointed P. M., came to town on Saturday, and stayed over till Monday. He reported work on the tax rolls progressing in the county clerk's office, but it will take upwards of a week to finish the work. He will not be likely to assume charge of our city mails till the close of the month. Traveler.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Frederick Lockley, editor of the Arkansas City Traveler, fell into our sanctum, Thursday. He is a very agreeable gentleman, mature in newspaper experience and ability, and is making the Traveler one of the best weeklies in the southwest. And its patronage, we are glad to see, is in harmony with the paper itself.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

On last Thursday evening there occurred one of the big events of the season at Winfield. Mr. Ezra H. Nixon and Miss Jessie Millington, the youngest and only single daughter of Judge Millington, the sage of THE COURIER. We have known Miss Jessie for more than a dozen years. We have not met Mr. Nixon, but he ought to be a very good man to be worthy of Jessie. It is probably unnecessary for us to assure Mr. and Mrs. Nixon that they have our very best wishes for their future happiness. Burden Enterprise.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The boys of Sam Myton's establishment had Ohio's sick Hoadly fixed up in bold reality Thursday. He was represented by a dummy. His hands were kid-gloved and his left held the newspaper containing his doom, which froze the gore in his veins. With his feet on a Col. Mulberry Sellers stove, a dilapidated stub in his ivory, and a general sick appearance, the dummy was a good representation of Ohio's third and last Democratic governor. It was an attractive take off.


The Soul of Charley Bell Ushered Into Eternity at a Moment's Warning.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

An extremely sad accident occurred on the farm of Wm. M. Bell, the old Stubblefield place in Sheridan township, Thursday afternoon. Charley Bell, the twelve-year-old son of Wm. Bell, hitched up the team and with three of Joe Dunham's boys, went to Silver creek after a barrel of water. They drove into the creek, filled the barrel, and started back. As they came up the bank and out of the timber, one of the horses scared and made a sudden spring, throwing Charley Bell out at the back end of the wagon, which had no tailgate, against a stump. The water barrel followed with great force, the edge striking him on the left side of the head, just above the temple. The skull was crushed in horribly. He was picked up totally unconscious and died in half an hour. Before he died, his brains oozed from his mouth and nose and several pieces of skull were taken out of his mouth. It was a terrible death; and set the family wild with grief. The father is out at Ashland, where he went last Tuesday, and was telegraphed to Friday. Charley was a bright boy, the pride and joy of his parents, and his tragic death has produced a shock whose effect will never be shaken off.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Saturday a young man by the name of Cates, from Rock township, about 19 years of age, entered McGuire Bro.'s store and priced some hats and caps in company with four others. Not finding anything just to suit him, he went out. Joe Hudson commenced to straighten up the pile, and, lo! and behold! there was one old hat laying on the table in place of a new one. The hats were similar but Joe's eagle eye soon detected the change. He rushed out and found the young men at Youngheim's trying on his large stock of hats. Joe went out and informed Marshal McFadden, who at once took the young man to the cooling off apparatus in Castle De Finch. The young man begged nobly to be let off, saying it was all a joke and that he would pay up, but no good. The Marshal's clutches were on him. McGuire Bros., after thinking the matter over, concluded not to prosecute him and told the Marshal to let him out. He brought the young fellow up, when he owned up to taking the hat and laughed over it as being an immense joke. Such jokes don't pan out sometimes worth a cent. If McGuire Bros. had so decided, they could have given the youth a winter's job behind the grates. Our advice to young men is to wear their own hats and not be such practical jokers. It don't pay with businessmen.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

There will be an adjourned term of court on November 9th, of one day. The following suits were filed last Saturday.

E. A. Henthorn vs. W. E. Sanders, action to foreclose mortgage of $400.

R. B. Waite vs. K. C. & S. W. R. R. Co., appeal from Co. Com. award of $188, as damages.

R. B. Waite vs. K. C. & S. W. R. R. Co., appeal from Co. Com. award of $148 as damages.

A. B. French vs. K. C. & S. W. R. R. Co., appeal from Co. Com. award of $55 as damages.

J. B. Lynn vs. K. C. & S. W. R. R. Co., appeal from Co. Com. award of $425 as damages.

John Lowry vs. K. C. & S. W. R. R. Co., appeal from Co. Com. award of $1,268 as damages.

Riverside Park Association vs. K. C. & S. W. R. R. Co., appeal from Co. Com. award of $350 as damages.

A. B. Sykes vs. K. C. & S. W. R. R. Co., appeal from Co. Com. award of $350 as damages.

Winfield Water Co. vs. K. C. & S. W. R. R. Co., appeal from Co. Com. award of $400 as damages.

W. W. Curtis vs. W. H. Speers et al, action to foreclose mortgage of $500.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

This city is flooded with foreign apple peddlers at the present time. They are subject to no license and have full swing. All other peddlers from a book agent down have to pay a license. There is certainly a lameness in the law not providing for these kind of peddlers. It is doing our merchants a great injustice to allow these peddlers to come here and not be subject to a license. Our merchants pay a yearly tax; they spend their money hee. These foreign peddlers are of no advantage to us. They sell their goods the same as our merchants. Of course we have no reference to our county farmers. They should be exempted. No doubt there is from one to two hundred dollars per day taken out of this town by these peddlers and not five dollars left here. We hope the city council will see to this. It is an act of justice to our home merchants. If an agent or hawker on the street is subject to license, certainly a foreign apple peddler should be.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Again has a whiskey vender turned up his toes to the daisies. Capt. H. H. Siverd and Marshal McFadden, as soon as they got on the Dexter reunion grounds Thursday evening, saw that whiskey was flowing. The set about to find the source. About two o'clock in the morning they found it, had an ambassador secure the ardent for evidence, got a warrant from Justice Hines, and the whiskey jointist was raked in. He gave his name as Moore, and was with some itinerants who claimed to be from Las Vegas, New Mexico. There were four wagons, three men, and two boys. Moore confessed to having sold whiskey. He had run out and when arrested had sent a man to Burden for a new supply. The Captain and Marshal brought the jointist in Friday, and lodged him in the bastille.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The last sitting of the District Court for this term was held Saturday, Judge Dalton on the bench.

Edgar Smith vs. Thomas S. Wilkinson et al., Sheriff's sale confirmed.

Capt. Lowry vs. Board of County Commissioners, judgment for plaintiff for $750 and costs.

Henry E. Asp, guardian of minor heirs of Linscott, judgment to partition real estate, and S. C. Smith, J. F. Miller, and M. L. Read appointed to make said partition.

William G. Hill vs. C. C. Pierce et al, Lovell H. Webb appointed guardian ad litum of minor heirs.

Margaret J. Manning vs. K. C. & S. W., cause dismissed with prejudice.

State vs. E. Kimmel, cause continued and bond approved.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The Ladies' Library Association has moved its library into rooms over Curns & Manser's real estate office, and are making strong efforts to renew the interest in it. The yearly membership fee has been reduced to two dollars and the weekly book rental to five cents per week. At these rates, the library should certainly have a good patronage. It is a very complete library, containing all the latest and best works of the day. Every citizen should take a membership ticket and encourage the ladies to another effort to open a public reading room, one of the great needs of our city.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Messrs. Harris & Clark, of the South Western Land Office, Saturday closed the sale of Henry Harbaugh's farm of 308 acres in Pleasant Valley township to W. H. Thompson, of Morgan County, Illinois. Consideration: $18,250.00. It is Mr. Thompson's intention to make a fine stock farm. They also closed the sale of S. G. Martin's farm, 165 acres, for $8,300; also, one-half interest in the Lynn & Bryant building, consideration $3,000.00. This we would call land office business.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Wichita was all stirred up yesterday by distinguished visitors. Jay Gould and party, embracing his son, George, the millionaire, Russell Sage, and others, went over Jay's sunflower route to Anthony, stopping a few hours to accept the hospitalities of Wichita. The Eagle says Jay was completely taken with this country. By the way of description, the Eagle says: "Mr. Gould, contrary to the general idea or estimate of the man, is small of stature, weighing about 125 pounds, of very pleasant face, eyes as clear and steady as those of an eagle, and as quiet and gentle in his demeanor as a woman."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The COURIER CO. has ordered a four-horse Otto Silent Gas engine, which will arrive in due time and do our printing for us. We have seen these engines work in Chicago and they are beauties and do up the work silently, neatly, and with dispatch. The Topeka Capital is the only newspaper in the state using the Otto Gas engine.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

J. A. Park is slowly recovering from a sick spell.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The general life and vim on our streets Thursday was the admiration and remark of every stranger, and strangers were numerous. Main street was a perfect network of teams, and sidewalks were crowded. And this life was not unusual, only augmented by the beauty of the atmosphere. The remarkable thing to an old resident, as he watched the hundreds of pedestrians, was to note the number of strange faces. Winfield's population is increasing at a very rapid rate with a wealthy and influential class. Dozens of strangers from the east are daily arriving, determined to invest and locate in the Queen City and Banner County. The next few months will mark a grand era in the onward progress of Winfield and Cowley.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Clarence Murdock returned Saturday from a visit to Harper County.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

As predicted by THE COURIER Friday, a crowded house assembled to witness Mr. J. N. Little's portrayal of the "World" last night. The reputation he established here last year had not been forgotten, and our intelligent theatre loving people nearly all turned out. Since his last appearance here, he has changed his scenery considerably, making quite an addition and a marked improvement over the old. The vessel leaving port with its full complement of passengers, the villainy on board by the rogue in the cast assisted by the miserly and ever sneaking "sheeney," the mutiny of the sailors and timely assistance given by the hero of the plot, Mr. Little, were all portrayed in a very realistic manner, with the humorous Irish comedian to relieve the tragic vein of the presentation. The panoramic scene, owing to the limited stage room, was not as fine as could be produced, but was really good. But the raft on the billowy waves was the most thrilling and most realistic of spectacular effects and held the audience spell bound and almost breathless until the rescuing vessel passed almost by and then noticed the three almost perished human occupants of the frail, open craft on the boundless ocean. The play throughout was excellent, and was highly appreciated and applauded from time to time. The music for the occasion was furnished by home talent, on a piano alone, by Prof. Charles Page. He is a musician of more than marked talent and a whole orchestra within himself. His rendition of several difficult and classical selections always brought forth a hearty encore. It may not be known by many, but Winfield contains in Prof. Page one of the best pianists in the United States. He has successfully defeated Blind Boone on numerous occasions, gaining several points over him, and has a standing challenge to meet the next best pianist, Blind Tom, and test for championship.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

It is strange but true that eastern people have peculiar ideas of Kansas, not so much now as a few years back. The writer very well recollects upon leaving Kentucky five years ago, the wise advice that a good old man gave him to beware of the terrible cowboys, the wild coyotes, the painted savages, snakes, and famine. Upon arriving here Kansas was found to be considerably ahead of "Kentuck" in many things. There is hardly a day but what strangers are arriving in our beautiful city and are dumbfounded upon beholding the elegant pavements, fine business buildings, and spacious and elegant dwellings all over the city. They stare in surprise to find we have water and gas works, that our streets are alive with business, that we are far ahead of the eastern town that was an old town when Kansas was the abode of the howling wolf and the wild red man. Homes are far cheaper here then in the east and our advantages are as great if not greater. The people of the east are finding this out and are flocking to Kansas and especially the Eden of Kansas: Cowley County. Daily the trains bring new arrivals. They, as a class, are solid businessmen. Let them come. Once here they will locate just as soon as their eyes rest upon our fair domain.


The Servian Army Crosses the Bulgarian Frontier.--A Panic at Sofia.

The City Liable to Fall by a Coup de Main.--Bulgarian Reserves Called Out.

The Belligerents Warned by the Powers.

Turkey's Position Upheld.--Montenegro Ready.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

LONDON, October 17. The Servians have crossed the Bulgarian frontier near Charko. They are advancing toward Sofia, and are now near Dragoman pass. King Milan is in command. A panic prevails at Sofia. Four battalions of infantry have gone to defend Dragoman pass. They have with them only five batteries of small field guns. There is no Bulgarian heavy artillery nearer to the scene of disturbance than at Sistova and Rustchuk. It is expected that Sofia will be captured by a coup de main. Austria has warned King Milan that whatever may be the issue of the present trouble, it will be useless for him to expect support from Austria. The railway companies in Austria and Hungary and the Danubian Navigation Company have been notified to prepare for the transportation of troops and munitions of war.


CONSTANTINOPLE, October 17. The Ambassadors presented a note to the Porte, in which they say further time will have to be afforded them so as to complete the European understanding respecting the Roumelian difficulty, and advises the Sultan to continue his peace policy. They do not, however, dispute the Porte's right to send troops into Roumelia to assert his rights in that province. It is generally believed the Powers have advised Bulgaria, Servia, and Greece more strongly than heretofore to remain quiet. The Porte's note regarding the armaments of Greece and Servia gave the Powers grounds to protest against their warlike attitude. The report that Greece had offered to form an alliance with Turkey is unfounded. The Ambassadors have adjourned their sittings, but will reassemble shortly, when it is expected they will have received further instructions from their respective Governments. The Porte considers the note of the Ambassadors satisfactory, but has intimated that he will not recognize the Bulgarian Union, no matter what the ultimate result of the conference may be. Herr Von Redowitz, the German Ambassador, and M. Neledoff, the Russian Ambassador, have refused to receive M. Petroff and M. Tehamekoff, the delegates who had been commissioned by Prince Alexander to assure the Porte that peace and order reigns in Eastern Roumelia.


SOFIA, October 17. The Ambassadors of the Powers have presented a collective note to the Government urging Bulgaria to refrain from hostility and holding her responsible if peace is disturbed through her menacing attitude. Prince Alexander was given an ovation on his arrival here. Addressing a crowd of citizens, he promised every sacrifice in order to maintain the union. He afterward presided at a meeting of the council to prepare a reply to the note of the Powers.


ST. PETERSBURG, October 17. The Journal de St. Petersburg today commenting on the Bulgarian question shows signs of impatience at the delay in settling the difficulty, and says that Russia will not submit to the dictation of M. Karaveloff, the Bulgarian Prime Minister. If the warning of the Ambassadors to Prince Alexander to pacify Roumelia at the risk of losing the union will not make Bulgaria return to reason, a fresh conference, to assemble shortly, will settle the difficulty on the same basis as the starting point in the present course of action.


BELGRADE, October 17. Servia has protested against the decision of the Ambassadors on the Roumelian question, and has commenced military operations against Bulgaria. A large force of Servian troops crossed the Bulgarian frontier at Nissa at five o'clock Thursday afternoon.


PHILIPPOPOLIS, October 17. A decree has been issued calling out all the reserves for active service. Prince Alexander has inspected the military works at Tiernova, Jambova, and Sofia, and is now visiting the southwestern frontier.


LONDON, October 17. Delegations from the Servian Red Cross Society have arrived at Pesth and Vienna. They are commissioned to purchase hospital wagons. It is reported that a Servian war declaration has been printed.


ATHENS, October 17. It is stated Prince Bismarck has proposed to the powers that Prince Alexander remain Prince of Bulgaria, and that the Turks be permitted to occupy the Balkans.


CATTARO, October 17. The Montenegrin army has been supplied with ammunition and is in readiness for service.


Prophets Afraid of Predicting Who Will Get the Office.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

WASHINGTON, October 17. One more day has passed without adding anything to the stock of information about the St. Louis post-office appointment. In face of the wholly unexpected delay, the gossip mongers have found it wise to refrain from predictions. A week and more ago there was an apparent belief that anybody could tell just how the thing was going, but prophets are not so numerous now, although there is still a little pretense of wisdom about the preferences of the President or the Postmaster-General, which is found to be simply and only pretense when sifted down to actual facts. No one knows anymore today than was know two weeks ago, and that is only another way of saying that nobody knows anything. Colonel Priest talks with everyone he meets, and says frankly that he has not been informed who will be appointed. He seems to be quite undisturbed about the delay of action, and in that respect is altogether the most unconcerned Missourian here.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

ALBANY, INDIANA, October 17. A band of fifty masked men who called themselves "Knights of the Switch," all mounted, called at the residences of a dozen families last night on Burch Creek, and left warning of an intended visit at another time, and they then went to the house of a well-known citizen, William Williams, broke down the door, took Williams from bed, tied him to a tree, whipped him with a hickory switch, until he swooned. They refused to give him the reason for their action.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

OTTAWA, ONT., October 17. D. O. Mills, of New York, financial agent of Mr. Onderdonk, the Pacific Railway contractor, has arrived here. Mills says the British Columbia section of the Pacific Railway has been completed, but the Government has not yet accepted it. Sir Charles Tupper will arrive in a day or two, when the final arrangements will probably be made with Messrs. Mills and Onderdonk, and the British Columbia section handed over to the Pacific Railway Company. Onderdonk's claim for extras is understood to be very large and will probably be referred to arbitration.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

LINCOLN, NEB., October 17. A terrible crime is reported from Wahoo. Last night the neighbors of Peter Hengen, living near Ithaca, had their attention attracted by the burning of Hengen's house, and were horrified on going to it to find the body of Hengen's wife and daughter, horribly charred, lying in the ruins. Further investigation showed that their skulls were crushed. They went to the barn and found Hengen's brother lying dead with a pistol shot through the temple and a revolver at his side. The Coroner's Jury came to the conclusion that he had killed Mrs. Hengen and the girl and suicided.




By Republican County Central Committee.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.


Maple: Centennial schoolhouse, Oct. 16th. W. P. Hackney and H. Siverd.

Harvey: Armstrong, Oct. 24; Hickman's, Oct. 27. F. S. Jennings and T. H. Soward.

Ninnescah--Udall, Oct. 29. F. S. Jennings and A. H. Limerick.

Fairview--Little Dutch, Oct. 24. A. H. Limerick and Henry E. Asp.

Richland--Floral, Oct. 31; Wilmot Nov. 2. M. G. Troup and C. M. Leavitt.

Vernon--Vernon Center, Oct. 28. W. P. Hackney and C. R. Mitchell.

Walnut--Maple schoolhouse, No. 41, Oct. 27. W. P. Hackney and E. P. Greer.

Tisdale--New Salem, Oct. 28; Tisdale, Oct. 27. H. D. Gans and Henry E. Asp.

Silver Creek--Burden, Oct. 28. T. H. Soward and Capt. Tansey.

Dexter: Oct. 29. Capt. W. E. Tansey and E. P. Greer.

Otter--Stockdale's, Oct. 23. Capt. A. Stuber and Henry E. Asp.

Beaver--Tannehill, Oct. 27. H. D. Gans and Henry E. Asp.

Bolton--Theaker's, Oct. 29; Mowry's, Oct. 30. F. S. Jennings and C. R. Mitchell.

Pleasant Valley--South Bend, Oct. 29, T. H. Soward and H. H. Siverd; Victor, Nov. 2, C. R. Mitchell, Cal Swarts, and E. P. Greer.

Creswell--Lone Star, Oct. 29, C. L. Swarts and M. G. Troup.

Liberty--Rose Valley, Oct. 29; Prairie Ridge, Oct. 30. H. D. Gans and Henry E. Asp.

Silverdale--Estus, Oct. 26. C. R. Mitchell and E. P. Greer.

Spring Creek--Maple City, Oct. 28. E. P. Greer and Cal Swarts.

Cedar--Centennial, Oct. 30; Otto, Oct. 31. T. H. Soward, E. P. Greer, and Cal Swarts.

All meetings will be held at 7:30 p.m. Members of township committees will please see that the places of meeting are properly lighted and that due notice is given.

By order of Republican County Central Committee.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

A number of turbulent spirits in Arkansas City have got up a great rumpus and are tearing their hair out because the Geuda Springs and Western railroad is to branch from the K. C. & S. W. half way between Winfield and Arkansas City instead of at the latter place, and in their frenzy they threaten to beat the Republican county ticket at the approaching election unless the propositions are withdrawn from the southern townships of Sumner County. It seems to be a case of "if I can't lick you, I can make up mouths at your sister." They say that the Republican candidates certainly have influence enough with the railroad company to prevail upon it to withdraw those propositions and if they do not do it, they shall be sacrificed. We can only inform them that the Republican candidates have no more influence on the railroad company than have these men who threaten them, probably not one tenth as much and businessmen are not in a habit of sacrificing their business projects for the interests of any political party or set of party candidates. There would be just as much sense in the Arkansas City Democrats refusing to vote the Democratic ticket for the same reason, or for Arkansas City Methodists bolting the Methodist Church unless the Church should influence the railroad company to withdraw the propositions. We imagine that the Methodists as a church and the Republicans as a party will have nothing to do with this railroad building, nor with the Arkansas City canal or Mills, nor with the navigation of the Arkansas river or any other business interest.

There are seven candidates on the Republican ticket. Of these, three, Nipp, McIntire, and Guthrie, are Arkansas City men, in sympathy with Arkansas City's interests and doing all they can to secure the same ends which these A. C. Republicans who threaten them are working for. We fail to see what A. C. can gain by beating them and electing in their stead such men as Rudolph Hite of Dexter, whose railroad interests are opposed to those of A. C. and Thompson and Walton, whose only interests are for themselves. How much will they gain by electing John Ledlie, of Burden, instead of the broad gauged Soward, who has taken no part in this matter complained of but whose work for Arkansas City as well as the rest of the county is second to none in the county? How much will they gain by electing Fred Hunt, a Winfield man, instead of S. J. Smock, a Fairview man? How much will they gain by electing Weeks, of Udall, over Haight, a true and tried friend of Arkansas City? And how much will they gain by electing Tandy instead of Wells, both Winfield men? Would it not be cutting off their own noses to spite their faces? It is the silliest move we ever heard of and its movers will be heartily ashamed of themselves and kick themselves all over town when they get sober. We do not believe the Republicans of Arkansas City are such ninnies. They have shown too much good sense, energy, and business get-up heretofore to allow us to believe they can be guilty of such folly. We believe they will work sensibly as heretofore. If not, we can stand it as least as well as they can.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

It is said that the problem of aerial navigation has been solved, and the credit is due to a Frenchman, Capt. Renard. A short time ago, he experimented with a balloon of his own invention before a multitude in Paris, and the machine acted perfectly, being lowered as well as raised at will, and being directed to any point of the compass. In fact, it is said the balloon sailed off for miles and then returned over the starting place, and descended with an exactitude as if it had a will of its own. If this report be true, there will be a great revolution in the means of transportation, or rather a competition will be gotten up between aerial and terrestrial lines of travel which will cheapen our journeyings to and fro.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The Knights of Labor in Kansas City have boycotted Chinese laundries, but one of the Chinamen remarked to a reporter recently: "Knight of Labor, he no washee muchee, anyhow; he no wear clean shirt." If the bank clerks were to boycott the laundries, the effect might be serious.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

New Orleans Picayune: Breach of promise suits are unknown in Kansas. The girls out there do nothing on credit. They do not consider themselves engaged until they are married.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Kansas City expects to possess a panorama of the Battle of Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain, like the famous panoramas, the battle of Gettysburg and the siege of Paris.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Judge Tourgee did not succeed in securing the Republican nomination in the Thirty-second senatorial district of New York. His canvass was "A Fool's Errand."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

It is fun to see the way I've stirred up the Republicans of Arkansas City. I began it in fun, but I believe it will win.--Amos Walton.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Contrary to our expectations Ohio has gone Republican by a very large majority. The St. John cranks failed to draw off the enormous vote from the Republican party which they claimed and are beaten badly in their efforts to elect the Democratic pro-whiskey ticket.

Ohio has about 800,000 voters. Of these about 250,000 are prohibitionists and Republicans, about 250,000 are dead set against prohibition and are Democrats, and about 300,000 do not care a snap for prohibition and when they vote, they are about evenly divided between the Republicans and Democrats. The policy of the crank prohibitionists of the St. John school is to divide these 250,000 prohibitionists and get a part of them to vote a third party ticket so as to secure the success of the Democratic ticket and free saloons, and to punish the Republicans for not being all prohibitionists and for not having converted the 300,000 voters of the doubtful persuasion. The true prohibitionists will vote the Republican ticket and labor to convert the 300,000 to prohibition. When they have thus converted a majority of them, the Republican party can win with prohibition and prohibition will direct the policy and nominations of the party. Then Ohio would have a prohibition party which could do something, but such a party would not suit the soreheads because they could not control it and its nominations. Hence they want to beat the Republican party at all hazards.

However, we think that Judge Foraker ought to have been beaten for his cowardice in the joint debate. He did not dare to answer Gov. Headly's political inquiry, whether he was in favor of prohibition, and he was too sweet on the anti-prohibition voters to suit us. We like a public man who has the courage to boldly announce his opinions on matters of state and national policy, regardless of the consequences. We doubt whether he gained many votes by this course and we are sure he must have lost many. The idea that the voters do not know that the Democratic party is the natural help and ally to the saloon interests in Ohio and all other northern states is preposterous. The idea that the voters do not know that the Republican party is the natural foe of dram selling and the natural ally of prohibition, is equally absurd, and you cannot get the mass of real and sensible prohibitionists to abandon the Republican party. It is the party and the only party on which they can depend for this and any other reform, and they know it. And it is an organized party with all the machinery the accumulation of years and with the affection of its long time members. It is one of the only two great parties which can possibly win. There is only one way to carry a reform, and that is to enlist the better class of the people and convert a majority to the reform. Then the reform succeeds as a matter of course.

[Previous articles had Gov. Headly. This one stated "Gov. Headley."]


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Amos Walton is a schemer whose abilities in that line have not heretofore been fully appreciated. A week ago it was apparent to him that J. D. Guthrie was going to beat him for County Commissioner by at least 150 majority. Something must be done or Amos was a "gone sucker." He was equal to the occasion. He went about to stir up a war on the Republican ticket in Arkansas City. He is credited with the conception and propagation of the idea that the Republican nominees could and ought to cause the railroad company to withdraw the Sumner propositions, and with stirring up the great sensation and threats in Arkansas City last week. He well knew that the Republican candidates could not effect the withdrawal of the propositions, did not want them to, for that would have beaten his little game, which was to get Republican votes for himself. He well knew that the game could not change enough votes to defeat any Republican candidate except his opponent, Guthrie, and that was really all he wanted to effect. If the Republicans of Arkansas City in any considerable number tumble to his selfish racket and vote the Democratic ticket, they are a great deal softer and more gullible than we can believe until the facts prove it.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

There is one man in Richland township who has been suffering great agony for several years because nobody cares enough about him to notice him, talk about him, or elect him to a county office. He was a Republican as long as he could hope for notice in that party, and then became a greenbacker and anything else that came along, but the bitterest enemy of the Republican party. He is a sore head of the worst variety and sick for want of notoriety. He lately gave THE COURIER a dab through another Winfield paper, probably partly to ease his gall and partly to get some notice from THE COURIER. We will accommodate him just for once. His name is H. J. Sanford and he is deserving of notice just as is a calf with two tails and eight legs or any other monstrosity.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Our esteemed cotemporary says, "that the prohibition idea is gaining ground, is evidenced in the heavy prohibition vote in the late Ohio election, which reached over 20,000." How about the 280,000 votes for the prohibitory amendment in Ohio two years ago? If the prohibition party vote of 20,000 this year shows anything in regard to the progress of prohibition sentiment, it shows a tremendous falling off. But that 20,000 shows the crank one-twentieth of the 400,000 prohibitionists of Ohio. That is all it shows.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

J. D. Guthrie will make a very acceptable commissioner. He is a man of solid judgment, good business experience, and long identified with the interests of this district. Voters run no risk in supporting him at the polls, because it is an accepted rule that the man who can manage his own affairs successfully is competent to conduct the affairs of the community.

Arkansas City Traveler.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Senator Sherman made his Ohio campaign on the basis that an untrammeled negro vote at the south was the great national necessity, and his re-election by the Ohio legislature will make the issue largely the key note of the next presidential campaign.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Governor Martin read a neat welcoming address to the A. O. U. W. at Topeka on Tuesday. The governor is winning fame for saying well the right thing at the right time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

There is a complaint that the Second ward schoolhouse is not warmed up these cold mornings and the children suffer. We mention this to call the attention of the school officers to the matter.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

There was an appreciative audience present at the Pueblo opera house last night to witness the production of "Only a Woman's Heart," by the Gardiner dramatic company, Miss Julia Anderson taking the leading part in the drama. The play is all that it has been represented to be--pure, sweet, and heart appealing, and it was presented last night in a manner worthy of the most hearty commendation. The lines were interpreted by a company of artists who understand the arts of which they are exponents. There are no sticks in the company to mar the good work of others, but on the contrary every member of the company is an actor. Miss Julia Anderson won special praise and deserved it, too, but the other members of the company were not forgotten, and the people went away pleased and satisfied, determined to go again tonight and witness "A Dangerous Woman," Bartley Campbell's successful comedy drama. We hope to see the opera house crowded tonight. The company is worthy of liberal support. Pueblo Chieftain.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

WINFIELD, KAS., Oct. 8th, 1885.

T. A. Blanchard, Dear Sir:

I hope you will pardon me if I trespass on your time for the purpose of endeavoring to interest you in a matter which, while it is of considerable interest to me, may not be of much to you. As you are probably aware, the Democratic convention at Winfield tendered me the nomination of County Clerk, and which I have accepted.

I do not know how binding you consider party ties in local elections, but if I may presume upon friendship enough to solicit your vote, and perhaps your influence in my behalf, you will feel assured that such kindly interest on your part will be sincerely appreciated by myself. I have grown up in the county in your knowledge, and of course you can soon settle the question as to my fitness to serve the public in this office. I am with respect, very truly yours. F. C. HUNT.

Friend Fred, my first impulse upon the receipt of your letter was to let it pass unnoticed, but upon mature deliberation I have concluded that I would be untrue to myself and party without giving some of the reasons for resenting the insult, you have, perhaps unthoughtedly, given, for I can view it in no other light and define it by no milder term; and notwithstanding all this, I should probably have remained silent had I not been informed that many staunch Republicans throughout the county have been similarly insulted. It can only be regarded as a sneaking attempt upon your part to straddle both political parties, and thus thrust yourself into office against, what you know to be, the choice of the people.

I am willing to make all due allowance, and even presume that you acted without mature deliberation, and all this for I cannot think you ever had cause to regard me as the vile traitor you have asked me to become. Did you consider, have you ever considered, the enormity of what you ask? Did you not know that I was a member of the late Republican convention, that I was even honored by being chosen as their chairman, and trust I took more than an ordinary interest in the nomination of Mr. Smock? And for the sacrifice of my honor and betrayal of my party, you have not given or attempted to give a single reason, save the ties of old friendship. You labor under a great delusion when you think it a matter of little interest to me. Mr. Smock was a true, tried, and valiant soldier in the late war, and now bears the wounds received from rebel (I came near saying Democratic) bullets, and will go to his grave a maimed cripple. Did I not also spend four years of the best of my life and spill my blood battling for the principles of the Republican party, and for these principles a dear brother now fills a soldier's grave in the sunny south. Then talk to me about old friendship. That word but feebly expresses the ties that bind the old soldiers together. Are we not cemented by blood and welded by rebel fire? Now don't call it unfair to connect the Democratic party with reason and rebellion, for I tell you, Fred, they cannot be separated. It may be true that we hold some doctrine or professed doctrine of the Democratic party to be for the public good, particularly on the question of tariff, but I am fully convinced that if there is anything really good to be derived from reduction or abolition of the tariff, the Republican party will discover it as soon as the Democratic and will not be afraid or slow to reform or abolish the same.

No, no, Fred, when you seek my support it must be through the Republican party and in a more honorable mode than you have yet proposed. What has the Democracy ever done for me; in fact, what has it ever done for anybody? On the other hand, are we not indebted to the Republican party for every political blessing we enjoy, even for a government itself? Fred, you ask too much; the sacrifice is too great.

And now, Fred, in conclusion, I, in turn, ask your pardon for the plain manner in which I have tried to answer you, and promise at some future time and in the present like manner, to give you a little fatherly service, for you know I am much older than you and of course it will be permissible. And now let me wish you success (in your present occupation) and express the hope that you may conclude that I am not the vile traitor you seem to think.

Yours plainly and somewhat indignantly,



Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

A fine stock farm consisting of 1,000 acres, for rent. J. C. McMULLEN.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

LOUISVILLE, KY., October 20. A case which goes far to illustrate man's wickedness of mind and woman's fickleness of heart was reported in this city last night. Near Greensburg, in Green County, for some weeks past a great revival meeting has been in progress, and many of the worldly were made to wince by the fiery eloquence of the good old parson and his assistants in the amen corner. Prominent among the latter was Napoleon Wallace, a wealthy farmer and stock-raiser in the county, whose fervency in prayer had moved many of the black sheep to seek a mourner's bench. Among the latter was the young, handsome, but somewhat worldly wife of Sam Thompson, a prominent merchant of Greensburg. Saturday afternoon the goodly Wallace led in prayer, and the sinners fairly writhed under the picture he painted of their fate if they did not repent. The contrite Mrs. Thompson was more than ordinarily diffusive in her expressions of repentance, and it became necessary for Deacon Wallace to comfort her. He led the lady out of the building. When the meeting closed an hour later, they had not returned, and a search was instituted, which revealed the fact that the deacon and his convert had planned and successfully carried out an elopement. They had tied horses some distance from the church, and on going out, had mounted and ridden away. Wallace had been for years one of the props of the Presbyterian church, and leaves a wife and five children. He was fifty years old. Mrs. Thompson leaves three children. Her husband started on their trail, vowing he would not return until he had killed his false wife and her lover.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

SALT LAKE CITY, October 20. The particulars of the shooting of Robert Paxton at American Falls, Idaho, by a man named B. Jackson the early part of the week, have just been received. Paxton was a desperate outlaw and cattle thief, and was at the head of a gang of thieves that operated between the Nevada line and the head of Snake River, which gang of thieves is supposed to be in league with the Teton Basin outlaws. These desperadoes have driven off horses and horned stock of every description, and latterly they have engaged in the business of lassoing calves on either side of Raft River and taking them in boats to the other side and branding them with their own brands. This thieving practice has aroused the cattlemen to determined action to put a stop to the illegal business. Paxton met Jackson and mistook him for a detective and accused him of working up cases against him, and further stated to Jackson that he had been hunting him for twelve days to kill him. Whereupon both men made passes for their guns, and Jackson being the quicker, shot his victim in the eye, instantly killing him. It is thought that in the killing of Paxton, the tough cowboy gang in Idaho will be more easily broken up.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

MASCOUTARY, ILL., October 20. Miss Minnie Wriench, daughter of Henry Wriench, proprietor of the Louisville and Nashville eating house at this place, eloped last night with Charles Swersa, a well and favorably known engineer in the employ of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company. The parents of the daughter had not the slightest intimation of the contemplated elopement and were surprised this morning on going to their daughter's room and finding it empty, and that the bird had flown, leaving only the usually well-filled Saratoga trunk as a mocking reminder of the fair occupant of yesterday. Upon examination the trunk was found to be entirely empty, the contents having been spirited away by the redoubtable Charley at different times prior to the elopement.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

LAREDO, TEX., October 20. News reached this city of a horrible double murder committed yesterday on the ranch of Augustine Salinas, in this county. Ramaldo Gomez, an employee of the ranch, recently quarreled with his young wife and they separated. Yesterday Gomez returned to his wife's house, and finding her sitting in the door with her grandmother, deliberately shot them both dead. The murderer escaped to Mexico.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

SAN FRANCISCO, October 20. The Grand Jury in the Federal Court this morning commenced an investigation of the alleged attempt to bribe the customs inspector, Haines, by Deputy United States Marshal Melleus, to permit Chinese to land from a steamer without a proper certificate. It is proposed to have a full investigation of the alleged illegal landing of the Chinese, and the inquiry will occupy several days.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

EAGLE PASS, TEX., October 20. Five of the murderers of Croelle, all Mexicans, have been arrested in Piedras Negras, Mex., and they are being held to await the action of the United States authorities, as they are supposed to be American citizens. It is thought they can be extradited with but little trouble. Officers on both sides of the river are now in communication on the subject.


Details of the Terrible Accident on the Pennsylvania Railroad Near Jersey City.

The Dead and Wounded Awfully Mangled.

Difficulty in Getting Precise Information.

Thomas P. Pratt, the Telegraph Operator, the Cause of the Disaster. He is Arrested.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

NEW YORK, October 20. The news of yesterday is the terrible railway accident on the Pennsylvania line. Although the collision occurred soon after eight o'clock Sunday evening, the meagerness of details twelve hours afterward proves we have a howling wilderness in Jersey meadows only three miles from the city hall as impenetrable and as distant as the Sierra Nevadas. Though there are no fewer than eight railway tracks at the point in question, there is not a habitable house in either direction for miles. The precise spot of the collision was under a coal shute beyond the west end of Hackensack bridge. An express train ran into an emigrant train, knocking the caboose that was at the rear of the latter across the east bound tracks. Both trains were bound west. Before the track could be protected across which the caboose had been thrown, a passenger train of the Lehigh Valley road came thundering up the east track. It splintered the already dismantled caboose and was itself derailed, the engine plunging down a steep embankment and into the mud, into which it settled four feet. The baggage car followed the engine half way down the bank, and the smoking car left the track. The emigrant train was filled with passengers, many of them women. After the immediate shock many passengers joined the train hands in search of the hurt, to which they were guided by the cries of the victims. The area of the disaster was not more than the length of two cars. There was at once pulled out from under the caboose one woman whose head had been cut off. The other was the body of a man crushed beyond recognition. A man with his head bleeding crawled up the bank from which the engine toppled. He was Owen Hall, engineer of the Lehigh express. The others were found in the cars. A woman lay on the floor near the rear door in the cars that immediately preceded the caboose on the emigrant car, which was telescoped. As the men raised her, her leg dropped off of her dress. It had been cut off at the thigh. Word was sent to Jersey City soon after the accident, and at nine o'clock a relief train arrived at the scene, and with a portion of the dead and wounded at once returned to Jersey City and another arrived to take its place, which at ten o'clock went back with the rest of the dead and wounded. The accident was caused by the delay of the emigrant train in getting out of the way. It had left Jersey City at 8:03, the express following at 8:25. The emigrant train stopped at the shute for coal, had loaded, and was backing slowly when the express came along, not having been warned by the operator at Block station or Marion. The bodies of two boys and a woman were found under a Lehigh Valley engine. The bodies have not been identified. Thomas P. Pratt, telegraph operator at Marion, has been arrested. Pratt, who is twenty-six years old, is an experienced operator. He admits that he did not give the right signal. He says he was advised by friends to desert, but he refused to do so. He is held to await the action of the Coroner's jury. The three bodies discovered beneath the front of the Lehigh Valley engine were brought to this city and placed in the morgue. The woman is unknown and unrecognizable. The two boys are apparently ten years of age. The tracks have been cleared and trains are running on scheduled time. All that remains of the wreck is the Lehigh Valley engine, which is completely destroyed. It will be dug out some time, and it is thought more bodies will then be found. There have been eight deaths in all, and most of the wounded will, it is thought, die. The depot is surrounded by a crowd waiting the news, and great excitement prevails here. The bodies at the morgue have not been identified.


JERSEY CITY, N. J., October 20. The following is a list of the dead as far as known. Carl Henry Grommer, aged thirty years, Norwegian, head off. He had three tickets from New York to Battle Creek, Michigan, and papers showing that he arrived by the steamer Ellie. An unknown boy, aged eight years, horribly crushed. An unknown woman, head off. Eulina Arreares, aged twenty-six years, who was on her way to Madison, Wisconsin, where her father resides, died at St. Francis Hospital. Four more bodies were found this morning under the wrecked Lehigh Valley locomotive. They were not identified. Two unknown boys were found under the pilot truck, one aged eight years, the other twelve. An unknown woman, head and arms gone; the remains were badly scorched. An unknown man, trunk burned to a crisp, found five feet below the surface of the wreck. The bodies were sent to Speer's morgue.

The wounded brought to Jersey City, and sent to St. Francis hospital are: Marinas Klinger, eighteen years old, Norwegian, reported dead, but still living. He had both legs and his skull fractured; will die. Owen Hall, engineer of the Lehigh Valley train, severe concussions about the head and neck, but still alive. Stuart A. Bowers, fireman of the Lehigh Valley train, aged thirty, skull fractured and internal injuries. It is believed he cannot live. Ralph Curry, an Englishman aged twenty-nine, injured about the neck, not dangerous. Christina Bosin, Norwegian, aged forty, leg broken and injured internally. Her condition is considered critical. She was on her way to Minneapolis, Minn. Laura Redessen Melanarnd, Norwegian, aged thirty-two years, severely injured about the head and back, not considered dangerous. Her two-year-old child had its leg broken. She was on her way to join her husband at Norwood, Iowa.


Thomas P. Pratt, the telegraph operator, was arraigned today on a charge of manslaughter. He waived an examination, and was held to await the action of the Coroner's jury. Norman L. Rowe, counsel for Pratt, makes the following statement. "Pratt was stationed on the Marion signal tower, near the station of that name. He controlled the east section of the road, known as a block, extending from Marion to the Fish House, on the Hackensack meadows, about three miles distant. It was his duty to record the passage of trains, and their passing the Fish House, upon a tally sheet which lay before him. The emigrant train had passed his station thirteen minutes before the western express approached. Pratt glanced at his sheet and mistook another entry for the record of the emigrant train passing the Fish House. The emigrant train had left the block, however, having backed down to pick up two cars, which had broken loose from the train." In his statement to Chief of Police Murphy, Pratt admitted that he had not received the signal from the Fish house, but took it for granted that the block was clear because of the thirteen minutes which had elapsed. Superintendent Crawford, of the New York Division, states that an investigation shows that Pratt alone is responsible. A white signal denoting a clear track was shown, and justified the engineer of the express train in running upon the block. The uninjured emigrants have been forwarded to their destination. County Physician Converse is satisfied that there are but seven bodies at the morgue. The supposition that there were eight was caused by the mixing up of the dismembered limbs of the woman found this morning.


A Fire in a St. Louis Box Factory Jeopardizes the Lives of a Number of Girls.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

ST. LOUIS, MO., October 20. At 4:30 yesterday afternoon a fire broke out in the basement of Holman Bros.' paper box factory, No. 2 South Commercial street. The building was five stories high, and upon the third, fourth, and fifth floors seventy girls, between thirteen and twenty years of age, were working. Owing to the inflammable nature of the basement, which was used as a store room, the fire gained headway rapidly. One of the Holman brothers immediately rushed up the stairs and began assisting the panic stricken girls to escape. A part of them got out down the stairways, but that point of egress being closed before all came out, those of the girls who had escaped horrified the crowd by declaring many were yet in the burning building. A number of firemen were about to enter the building to rescue the unfortunates when the brave Holman appeared on the roof, where he had led the seven remaining girls, and from thence the entire party escaped to adjoining houses. But for Mr. Holman's prompt and decided action, many of the girls would undoubtedly have been lost. The building was completely gutted. Loss, $10,000.


Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Lon. Bryant seems to have very poor health at times.

Mr. Fred Arnold and wife were at the social at Weakly's lately.

Too rainy for Rev. Knight to make his appearance at Bethel Sunday.

Robert Weakly and wife are visiting his brother in Harper at this writing.

If you want to see Laura Hanna smile, just ask her who was there Sunday evening.

J. A. Rucker, Jr., is herding about six hundred head of sheep, and seems to be making a success of it.

Sunday, the gloomiest day we have had for a long time, far too gloomy for sunny southern Kansas.

Someone wanted to know why Eva Anderson stopped coming to Bethel so suddenly. Plain case enough, I think.

The grasshoppers are working badly on some of the early sowed wheat. Geo. Brown is sowing some the second time. Poor farmer, he has a hard time.

Alex Shelton seems to be making good progress, repairing the road between Davy's and Searcy's, and will complete the job about the 22nd of this month.

On the anniversary of Frank Weakly's 40th birthday, quite a number of young folks collected together and went over at night and made him quite a surprise.

No visiting to report in this vicinity this week, but Mrs. John Anderson says she expects to have a fine time this week while John is gone, but did not learn where he is going.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Work has been recommenced on the Library building, and it will be pushed rapidly to completion.

An exhibition of fancy skating was given at the rink Saturday night by a young man by the name of Weaver.

Mrs. Charles Clark left last night for Omaha, Nebraska, to join her husband, who went a couple of weeks ago and prepared the way.

Several of our citizens depart for the west this week and expect to be gone all winter. Among them are J. P. Zimmerman, Allen Ford, and William Campbell.

W. L. Hutton, Mayor of our city, having disposed of the bakery, is now employed on the Enterprise. He has moved into the M. E. parsonage and Rev. Woodson will live with them.

Mr. Dunbar, the gentlemanly manager of the rink, yesterday accepted a position with G. B. Shaw & Co., to buy grain for them at Newhaven, Sumner Co., and left immediately for that place.

Rev. C. K. Woodson, pastor of the M. E. Church here, returned last Saturday after an absence of two weeks, and occupied the pulpit Sunday morning. He is feeling much better than when he left.

The enrollment of the schools here is now 292. The teachers have adopted the plan of taking turns to stay at the schoolhouse during noon, in order to insure quiet and good behavior. Everything is moving along smoothly in the schools.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Mr. Mann has been quite sick.

Mr. and Mrs. Cain are visiting friends on the Arkansas.

A relative of Mr. Taylor's from the east, was visiting him last week.

It is reported that Mr. Polk is going to start a hardware store at Wilmot.

The Akron school is progressing finely under the management of Mr. C. S. Parsell.

Mrs. Ernest Wilson has been called to Arkansas City on account of the sickness of her sister.

Mark Metzger has returned from his trip in the east part of the state, with a fine load of apples.

We missed our superintendent, C. F. Baxter, last Sunday. He has been away the past two weeks getting apples.

Some of our New Salem friends were over last Sunday to attend our services, but came too late. They should try again.

There was no church last Sunday afternoon on account of the absence of Rev. Bicknell, who is visiting friends in Tennessee.

The Woman's Missionary Society will meet with Mrs. McKibben next Saturday, the 24th. The meetings are very interesting. The ladies should all try to be present.

This chilly weather reminds us that it is about time to commence house cleaning and putting up stores for winter, which makes the men very nervous. If anything will try a poor man's patience, it is fitting stove pipes and putting up stoves.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Miss Nellie Holtby is attending school at Arkansas City.

Ye scribe has been extremely busy the past two weeks with the usual fall seeding.

Mr. J. C. Snyder's aunt and sister, of Ohio, were visiting him some three days of last week.

Mr. and Mrs. John Berry were made happy on the 8th inst., by the arrival of their first born, a son of nine pounds avoirdupois.

Many of our farmers postponed seeding till quite late, hoping to avoid insect depredation thereby. A few are not yet through at this writing.

Much of the early sown wheat is seriously damaged by the Hessian fly, assisted by the native grasshoppers. The latter are uncommonly numerous.

Schools are now in session in districts 4, 10, and 115, with a good daily attendance. The pedagogues are Messrs. Ed Garrett, J. C. Snyder, and E. H. Ewing.

Billy Whitzon, our road supervisor, has been diligently working the polls of this district the past week. Many little irregularities on our public highways have been repaired, which adds greatly to the convenience of public travel. Bill is a careful and skillful officer, one of the best the district ever had.

An empty whiskey bottle was found near the close of the first week of school in the rear of the Centennial schoolhouse. It is presumed that the teacher was complying with the recent school laws, in practically illustrating the injurious effect of alcoholic stimulants and narcotics on the human system. The illustration must have been very impressive as it exhausted the contents of the bottle.

Bob Hunt and Miss Ella King launched their barque on the turbulent tide of matrimony this week. Bob is an exemplary young man, and by industry, economy, and frugal habits has secured a fine farm and provided a cosy home for his bride. Miss King has been one of our intelligent and energetic teachers, and will be missed from the ranks of the profession. Their many friends wish them a happy and prosperous voyage down the ceaseless stream of time.

Hon. Henry Harbaugh disposed of his two quarter-section farms a few days ago for a consideration of $13,250. This seems to be a bona fide sale as $100 cash was paid to bind the bargain. Henry Harbaugh retains possession until the first of March when he will probably emigrate to Washington Territory. He is one of the oldest residents of this locality, and has been closely identified with public affairs of both township and county since their earliest settlement, and this community will very regretfully part with him and family.

The temperance association of this community organized two weeks ago, held its second meeting last Sunday evening at the chapel. The officers are: W. R. Anderson, president; J. C. Snyder, secretary; Mrs. Ella Beach, treasurer. The writer was unfortunately unable to be present at this meeting. However, Madame Rumor says that Rev. P. B. Lee, D. D., of Vernon, and pastor of the chapel, Prof. B. T. Davis, and Dr. Elder, of Winfield, delivered very interesting addresses on appropriate subjects, interspersed with music, and an essay by Mrs. Amy Chapin and select reading by Miss Edith Holland. The following is the program for the evening of Oct. 25th: Addresses by Mr. J. C. Snyder and Dr. A. W. Holland, essays by Mrs. Frank Brown and Miss Nettie Anderson, select reading by Miss Mollie Constant and Mrs. Ella Beach with the usual supply of music.

The graders are throwing dirt lively on our new railroad, running down the first half section line of east Beaver township. The road has a straight line of six miles across our beautiful valley, and but very little work will be required to make a good road bed, simply surfacing for the laying of the ties and rails. Section twenty-four of our neighborhood being centrally located in the triangle formed by Winfield, Geuda Springs, and Arkansas City, would be of course the proper place for the proposed junction and station. A Station established at this point would be in the heart of a fertile and wealthy agricultural region, and with the necessary shipping facilities and conveniences for transacting business, would command a strong and profitable trade and prove a powerful rival to the Santa Fe. Our farmers are keenly anxious for direct connection with the St. Louis markets, and hail with joy the advent of the South Western railroad.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Mr. G. Gardenhire is in the Territory.

Invitations are out announcing the marriage of Miss Lizzie Higbee to Mr. Fred Darrow, of Schell City, Missouri, Oct. 20th.

There was a blind man lectured at the schoolhouse Saturday night, on "The World." Those in attendance seemed to be highly pleased.

Mr. Will Little, who has been spending the summer with his uncle, Mr. G. W. Wilson, left for St. Louis last Tuesday. He will go back on the road as "Newsy." Will is sadly missed by the young people.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Mr. McMillen has gone to Nebraska.

Miss Phoebe Bicknell is visiting Mr. Edgar's.

Mr. Dal Ery left for West Virginia Saturday.

Mr. Watsonberger is going to move to Winfield.

Rev. Bicknell, of New Salem, has gone to Tennessee on a visit.

Jack Frost has come at last and we will have to say good bye to dear, old summer and try to enjoy the winter.

This is the first time I have written to your paper, and if this don't find the waste basket, I will try and write again.

Mr. Darrow and Ad Higbee were in Winfield Monday.

Miss Ida Straughn, of Cambridge, visited here last week.

Henry Salmon is with us again. Don't know for how long.

Lou and Matte attended the dance at Burden Friday night.

Quite a number from here attended the reunion at Dexter, Saturday.

Mrs. J. L. Higbee and M. L. King were in Winfield on last Tuesday.

Mr. Combs will move his family to Arkansas City some time soon.

Jake Gardenhire has recovered from his late illness and is among the boys again.

The Mite met at Capital Hill Friday night. All present seemed to enjoy themselves.

There will be an oyster supper at the Torrance schoolhouse Friday, Oct. 23rd. Everybody invited.

Mr. Gene Higbee and wife and Fred Darrow, of Schell City, Mo., arrived in our city Saturday to remain several days.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Charles Leland, the well-known hotel keeper, died at Long Branch, New Jersey, on the 19th, aged sixty-one years.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Seven farmers have been sentenced in Limerick to one month's imprisonment for rioting and boycotting.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The Chinese Government has unanimously decided to proceed speedily with the work of building railways throughout the empire.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

A Farmers' Alliance has been formed in Texas to affiliate with the Knights of Labor. Political complications, it was thought, might possibly ensue.

At a meeting of the Westinghouse Air Brake Company at Pittsburgh, Pa., on the 19th, the capital stock of the company was increased from $600,000 to $3,000,000.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

W. A. Rowe, of Lynn, Mass., lowered the world's twenty mile bicycle record at Hampden Park on the 18th. His time was 58:20. The best previous time was 58:56½, made by Mr. J. M. ("Star") Webber last September.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Five girls, the oldest fourteen, the youngest eleven, were arrested the other afternoon at Lowell, Mass., in a state of groveling drunkenness. They had not been home for weeks, and were sent to the State Industrial School.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

At the Armagh (Ireland) sessions, John Howard Parnell, of New York, brother of Mr. Charles Stewart Parnell, sued several of his tenants for non-payment of rents for seven years. A verdict was given for Parnell in each case.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

I am skipping all of the "market reports." Each is very long, and in very small type. Almost impossible to read. The paper really gave details from various locations: St. Louis, Chicago, New York, and Kansas City. Gather these reports were very important and usually given once a week.


A Large Number of Good Post-Office Positions Filled by the Effect.

A Number of Minor Western Offices Also Filled.

Other Changes in the Departments.

Garland Pays His Respects to Judge Vincent.

Refugee Indians from Canada.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

WASHINGTON, October 20. The list of Postmasters named yesterday included those to quite a number of important positions, as will be seen by the subjoined.

In Tennessee: At Nashville, B. F. Cheatham, vice W. P. Jones, commission expired; salary $3,300; at Knoxville, James M. King, vice O. P. Temple, commission expired; salary $2,900; at Murfreesboro, R. K. Henderson, vice J. D. Wilson, resigned; salary $1,600; at Tullahoma, W. L. Norton, vice G. W. Davidson, resigned; salary $1,100.

In Nebraska: At Lincoln, Albert Watkins, vice J. McBride, commission expired; salary $2,900; at Stromsburg, J. A. Frawley, office become Presidential; salary $1,000.

In Oregon: At Portland, Charles W. Roby, vice George A. Steele, commission expired, salary $3,200.

In Texas: At Fort Worth, Julius Field vice Belle M. Burchett, commission expired; salary $2,700.

In Iowa: At Vinton, Abraham Rose vice J. F. Pyne, resigned; salary, $1,700. At Ames, Perley Sheldon vice John Watts, resigned; salary, $1,500. At Villisca, P. D. Minuck vice J. M. Natton, commission expired; salary, $1,500.

In California: At Modesto, Walter T. Scott vice W. F. Perry, resigned; salary, $1,700. At Livermore, George Beck, office become Presidential; salary, $1,000.

In Maryland: At Centreville, Daniel C. Hopper vice W. J. Hunt, commission expired; salary, $1,300.

In Utah: At Park City, John L. Street vice A. B. Emory, commission expired; salary, $1,500.

In Massachusetts: At Bradley, Warren Perley, office become Presidential, salary, $1,000.

In Dakota: At Ipswich, J. D. Pratt, office become Presidential; salary, $1,000.

In Michigan: At Hudson, Wm. Schermerhorn vice E. J. Southworth, resigned; salary, $1,700.

In Mississippi: At Holly Springs, John S. Finley vice Mary H. Mahon, resigned; salary $1,300.

After a running fight of nearly eight months, during which time he has been antagonized by Judge John Martin, of Topeka, Mr. W. F. Petellon, of Dodge City, today secured the registership of the Garden City, Kansas, Land Office.

Colonel John C. Kelton, Assistant Adjutant General, today assumed charge of the appointment commission and personal branch of the Adjutant General's Office of the War Department, relieving General Chauncey McKeever, who will take the station at San Francisco.


WASHINGTON, October 20. The Postmaster-General has appointed the following named fourth-class postmasters for Western Points.

In Iowa, at Gifford, C. T. Gifford; at Waubeck, George J. Wright; at Tabor, S. P. McCormick; at Viola, M. F. Shanklin; at Buffalo, Mrs. Mary Dodge.

In Arkansas, at Forest City; Mrs. M. E. Winfield.

In Missouri, at Shannandale, D. W. Perkins; at Dawn, Daniel Morgan.

In the Indian Territory, at the Pawnee Agency, Isaac Ochs.

In Kansas, at Logan, Mary J. Covington; at Aliceville, John R. Bryant.

In Dakota, at Aurora, A. B. Baker.


WASHINGTON, October 20. Attorney General Garland said last night, in regard to the request of Chief Justice Vincent, of New Mexico, that he be allowed to come to Washington to vindicate himself, that he had made no reply to Mr. Vincent's request or the dispatches he had received from other parties requesting our investigation and that he would not consider the case until all that is to be said about the matter is before him. The appointment of Dorsey as a jury commissioner, Mr. Garland said, was only one of many indications that had led him to believe that Mr. Vincent was not in the proper atmosphere to exercise the judicial functions with entire impartiality. Mr. Garland added that Mr. Vincent's previous assertions were prejudicial to him, and that this fact in other cases had made it impracticable for the administration to follow absolutely that plank in the Democratic platform which said that territorial offices should be filed by residents of the Territories. He said that the administration knew that Mr. Vincent had been engaged in land litigation and had been imprisoned by the former chief justice of the territory, but these matters had been explained satisfactorily before the appointment was made.


WASHINGTON, October 20. The agent in the Fort Belknap Indian Reservation in Northern Montana has informed the Interior Department that a number of Cree Indians, refugees from the British Possessions, have crossed the line into the reservation, having in their possession silverware, articles of ladies' apparel, and other spoils supposed to have been captured during the Big Bear outbreak. The agent requested that the intruders be escorted across the line and forbidden to enter the United States. The matter was referred to the Secretary of State, who has replied that the Indians cannot be arrested except upon extradition by the British authorities and that this Government should not countenance any kidnaping of the Indians. The Interior Department is at a loss to know how the dangerous refugees can be removed under the circumstances.


WASHINGTON, October 20. James Crowley, of Buffalo, N. Y., was today appointed appointment clerk of the Post-office Department vice James A. Vose, of Maine, transferred to the record division of the Postmaster-General's office. Mr. Crowley has been attached to the editorial staff of the Buffalo News for many years, and is said to be a personal friend of President Cleveland.


WASHINGTON, October 20. The shipments of coin from the overcrowded vaults at the different subtreasuries to the Treasury at Washington since the general transfer began on September 23 amount to about $26,000,000 in silver and about $5,000,000 in gold. The $10,400,000 in silver brought from New Orleans in naval vessels is included in the above statement. All the gold came from San Francisco, from which place about $13,000,000 had previously been sent to New York by registered mail. It is estimated that it will take about a month and a half to count the coin already received at the Treasury. A new and improved weighing machine was received at the department today from the Philadelphia mint, and will be used in weighing the coin.


WASHINGTON, October 20. The issue of standard silver dollars from the mints during the week ended October 17 was $1,029,750; during the corresponding period of last year, $594,997. The shipments of fractional silver coin from October 1 to October 17 amounted to $567,559.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

ATHENS, October 20. The Greek army is eager for war and the Ministers are delivering inflammatory speeches. The war rumors from the Balkans conflict. A dispatch from Pesth states that the Bulgarian troops now mask their movements and that an attack on the Turkish frontier is imminent. The Bulgarian Prime Minister, M. Karaveloff, it is stated, despite the refusal of King Milan to receive an emissary of Prince Alexander, has left for the Servian capital to propose a joint Bulgarian and Servian attack on Turkey.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

MEMPHIS, October 20. Newman Erb, Receiver, has received the following circular: "The Memphis, Salina & Brunswick Railroad Company will be organized at an early date under the name of the Memphis, Birmingham & Atlantic Railroad Company. In anticipation of the event from and after this date, the railroad will be operated under the latter name."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

PITTSBURGH, PA., October 20. A Sharon, Pa., special says: A terrible explosion occurred at Greenville, Mercer County, yesterday. Andrew Hillig was driving a natural gas well and had reached a depth of 800 feet when the boiler exploded with terrible force, killing Henry Faust, aged sixty-five years, and seriously wounding several others.


FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

K. C. & S. W. R. R. CO.

Time Table No. 1.

(In effect Oct. 1, 1885.)


Leave Winfield 8:30 A. M.

Leave Floral 9:10 A. M.

Leave Wilmot 9:25 A. M.

Leave Atlanta 9:35 A.M.

Leave Latham 10:40 A.M.

Leave Burgess 11:05 A.M.

Arrive Beaumont 11:30 A.M.


Leave Beaumont 4:30 P.M.

Leave Burgess 4:55 P.M.

Leave Latham 5:20 P.M.

Leave Atlanta 5:55 P.M.

Leave Wilmot 6:20 P.M.

Leave Floral 6:40 P.M.

Arrive Winfield 7:00 P.M.

Trains connect at Beaumont with St. L. & S. F. Railway trains. A through coach will be run between Winfield and St. Louis, Through tickets for sale at coupon offices to all points East and baggage checked through.

S. C. GIBBS., General Passenger Agent.

F. D. BLACKMAN, Local Agent.

L. D. LATHAM, Superintendent.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

T. Riordan, paymaster of contractors Fitzgerald & Mallory, of the D., M. & A. R. R., arrived at Belle Plaine today with $50,000 to finish paying out balance on the grade, etc., from the Arkansas river to Kingman. This makes about $200,000 now actually invested in the D., M. & A. R. R. work to date, and as soon as the little impediments now thrown in the way of this important road by rival lines are overcome, as they surely will be as soon as a hearing can be reached, "The Chautauqua route"--"The Farmers Favorite," will materialize into one of our best roads. In the meantime iron, ties, and other supplies are being shipped and track will be laid before the summer from Winfield to Kingman. Great efforts are being made by the old established railroad lines of the State to cripple and compel the D., M. & A. to sell out for what they can get, but the parties managing the affairs of this company don't know failure and injunction and all other difficulties will be overcome, as the D., M. & A. is already one of the established enterprises of the State and by far the most important rival railroad enterprise of Southern Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

We publish below an article from the Winfield Courier. That splendid champion of home interests is highly and justly exultant over the victory lately won by the Cowley County exhibit of fruit, etc., at the Indianapolis, Ind., state fair recently. There is more enterprise to the square mile in Cowley, than in any other county in our state, and the sending of their county's unrivaled productions to a fair in the capital of one of the older and proudest states, putting a new county in a new state in competition with a commonwealth in toto dating the beginning of its existence over half a century ago, is an act of enterprise to note and imitate, and of audacity to admire. It is the biggest card yet played for immigration, and will win. We congratulate our Cowley County friends. Cedarvale Star.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The chilling breath of old Boreas is upon us, and we are forced to lay aside (?) our gauze underwear and low cut shoes. Our straw hat will have to be passed over to the small boy, who will contemptuously face frost and snow, freezes and blizzards, with this as the only covering to his tough and innocent capillary appendage. Our old overcoat will have to be hauled out from the woodshed, where the dog has made it his bed during the summer. After taking a bottle out of its side pocket and an old pipe from its larger pocket, the wife will fix it up for a winter's campaign. Glorious winter. It comes just when our summer clothes give out. Glorious summer. It comes just when our winter clothes become threadbare. Give us winter now and an early spring--very early.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

During the past week the hand organ business has been on a boom. In the morning an old lady has been grinding and the discordant sounds have grated upon our ears. We love good music even from a hand organ; if the crank is only turned by a beautiful young lady of sweet sixteen, we could overlook the discordant sounds under the circumstances. We have had a handless man and several curiosities and freaks of nature, and to cap it all, Rev. Kinney has given us one of his seances. Take it all in all, we can't complain. We might have fared worse.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The railroad bond election in Walton Township, the township that Geuda Springs is in, was held yesterday. This was a proposition to vote $23,000 to the Fort Smith, Wellington and Northeastern railroad, which road starts from Ft. Smith, passes northwesterly through the Indian Territory and Kansas into Colorado, striking Geuda Springs and Wellington. The bonds were defeated by 112 votes.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Rev. John C. Miller, of Topeka, has been called to the charge of the Presbyterian Church. The gentleman is now in the city. We have not had the pleasure of meeting him, but understand he is a highly cultured and eloquent gentleman. We welcome him into our midst. He has moved his household goods into the parsonage and his family will be here shortly.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

I'm kind of afraid Burden ain't going to help me out in this scrape I've got into. Some of the Democrats here are going to vote against me. They say an old union soldier don't look well on the whiskey ticket. They haven't faith in me. I wish I hadn't accepted. I'm kind of ashamed of myself. John Ledlie.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The heavy rain of Sunday caused a considerable dampness in the central school building. The roof is off part of the old wing so the water had full access to it. School had to be dismissed in several of the rooms on account of the damp walls. This week will get the building in good shape and we will have a building to be proud of.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

I hope you will pardon me for trespassing on your time. You have probably heard the Democrats tendered me the nomination for County Clerk. I have grown up with you and, consequently, you should vote for me. Fred Hunt.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

A stranger accosted Tom Harris the other day with this inquiry: "How many postoffices have you, Mr. Harris?" Tom was petrified for a few minutes, but informed the gentleman that he only had one.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

W. B. Caton has returned from a western trip to Harper, Anthony, and other western towns. He reports the towns west of this very dull, and says Winfield is the liveliest town in southern Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Oh, my! oh my! What did I write those letters to leading Republicans for, begging them to support me? I might have known it was wrong. I've got myself into a pretty mess. Fred Hunt.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

W. G. Seaver has sold out the Dexter Eye to W. E. Meredith. Mr. Meredith says the paper will be Democratic and the news gatherer for Dexter and Southeast Cowley.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

John Barnthouse has built an addition to the Bottling Works and is painting and papering the front rooms and will move his family into them.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Fred Whiting and Kendall Smith, of Arkansas City, left on Tuesday for a hunt. Their intention is to clear the western prairies of all game.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Voters don't forget to register at once. The election comes off one week from next Tuesday. You have no time to spare.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Rev. Kelly has been suffering with his old wound during the past two days, but is out now and feeling much better.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

J. J. Carson has rented E. A. Maybee's barn on Riverside avenue for his Jersey cattle, which will be here in a short time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Louis O'Neil, formerly Spotswood's deliveryman, has started a coal oil and gasoline wagon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Earnest Reynolds has built an addition to his residence, which adds much to its appearance.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Dr. Elder has moved into his residence on the corner of 11th avenue and Loomis street.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The K. C. & S. W. R. R. have their crossing in over the S. K.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

John A. Eaton, of the Farmers Bank, is back from Ohio.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Fourteen now in jail and more to follow.


Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

J. M. Cooter is now with Smith & Zook.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

J. C. Lowry left for Kansas City Monday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

T. J. Johnson has two very sick children.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

T. R. Bryan returned to Kansas City Sunday evening.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

W. R. McDonald is back from the wild west. He reports things booming.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Samuel Garver spent Sunday with his family returning to Cherryvale yesterday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Judge McDonald arrived Monday from Washington. He looks sleek and contented.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Col. J. M. Johnson, of Fayetteville, Arkansas, is here for a visit with his son, A. P. Johnson.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

W. H. Albro left for the East Monday to lay in a big stock of goods for the Dollar Store.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

G. Dougherty and Tilford have completed their coal office. It is as neat as a new pin.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Judge Torrance got in Saturday. He left his family in Illinois. His children are much better.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

L. A. Millspaugh came in Saturday from a two weeks' tour of his regular territory.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

D. R. Laycock has moved his carpenter shop off of Main street to his house on East 10th Ave.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

J. L. Wade is over from the village of Wellington. He pronounces our city far ahead of Wellington.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

J. J. Davis, from Green County, Ohio, a brother of Mrs. D. Taylor, is in the city to make this his home.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Mr. F. C. Flory, editor of the Longton Times, gave the COURIER a call Monday. He gives the Elks a spicy paper.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Mrs. Roy Millington returned from her eastern visit on Saturday, and Roy is as happy as a clam--a great big clam.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Hon. W. P. Hackney, of Winfield, who has been attending court, departed for his home yesterday. Harper Graphic.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Joe Conklin is just filling a bill of 10,000 feet of flagging besides material for a Gas house and gas holder for sister Wellington.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

John Keck, Berry Scroggins, Frank Schofield, and Milt Hite returned from a big hunt in the Territory. They report a fine trip and lots of fun.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Sam Smedley is in from a two weeks' tour in Butler County. There is not a blind man or woman in that county now. Sam can fix them out.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Henry Goldsmith is remodeling his book store. He will re-paper and put in new shelving and will make it the neatest and tastiest book store in Southern Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

A. W. Shaw, or Josh Billings, as he is known to the world, is dead. Mr. Shaw was a native of Poughkeepsie, New York, and was one of America's most famous humorists.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Charlie Fuller has let the contract for the erection of an elegant residence on east Tenth avenue adjoining and just west of E. P. Greer's.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Judge Gans gave the following couples Tuesday the necessary documents to make two hearts beat as one. Fred L. Darrow and Lizzie L. Higbee, George C. Whitson and Agnes Linchford.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

William Melville, a well-to-do farmer of Pleasant Valley township, and Mrs. Mary Seabridge, of this city, were united in marriage at the Baptist Parsonage Sunday afternoon by Rev. Reider.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

I tell you I felt kind of forsaken at the reunion the other day. Everybody seemed to be for Guthrie. Seaver and I and two others held a caucus in the bulrushes. We were mighty lonesome. I was glad to get home. Amos Walton.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. Ezra Nixon arrived here Tuesday night, and will make this their permanent home. Mrs. Nixon is an accomplished lady who will be a valuable addition to our society.

Medicine Lodge Cresset.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Capt. H. H. Siverd has been stirring Udall up again. He recently brought down a number of witnesses, on county attorney's subpoenas, to be pumped by Asp. Something will again "drap," with a mighty "dull thud."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Frank H. Greer left Sunday afternoon on the S. K. for a week's visit in the East. We have a "measley" notion that Frank has a girl somewhere towards the rising sun that is the lode stone of his travels and affections.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Lewis V. Coombs and Anna J. Meigs; John M. Maxwell and Lizzie Wilson; George Sheets and Anna Engles have received matrimonial documents from Judge Gans since our last report. The knot tying business is looming up immensely of late.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Frank Manny's police court case, on charge of Jimmy Land, for shooting too close to Jimmy's feathered birds, was dismissed, it being an erroneous prosecution. The Mayor had given Frank permission to shoot in that neighborhood. Jimmy put up the cost.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

George Corwin got back from the wild and wooly west Saturday. He will cast his lot in Kansas County. He has an interest in a bran new town just being started. We hope George will prosper in worldly goods beyond his most sanguine expectations.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

George L. Gale is building a residence just south of H. B. Schuler's residence in Highland Park. Mr. Gale is now digging the third cellar, having made a trade for other lots further west of where he intended to build first. He will build a neat two story house.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

O. Moore, who was charged with selling intoxicating liquors at the reunion at Dexter, was arraigned before Justice Buckman Saturday and fined $100 and 30 days in jail. He now languishes behind the bars. Verily the wages of transgression is great.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Samuel J. Platt, father of Sam Platt, recently with Architect Ritchie, died in Kansas City Wednesday afternoon. Sam left here Wednesday evening, called by a telegram, arriving home too late to see his father alive. The deceased was one of the oldest residents of Kansas City.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

J. T. Hackney and wife returned from Sumner County Friday. They report a very pleasant visit and that Wellington has just heard of our new railroad. The Wellingtonians were under the impression it would never be built until it struck that rural village. Poor souls.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

J. H. Gest, of Smedley & Gest, returned Saturday from Ohio, where he was united in marriage, October 5th, to Mrs. H. A. Turner, of Fredericktown, Ohio. His wife remains in Ohio a short time on account of family sickness. J. H. looks as happy as a school boy. We congratulate him.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Why did Thompson get caught selling whiskey? It is a mighty hard breaker to pull him over. I don't know about him being the next sheriff. It is all right to sell liquor, for it is a foolish law, if a man don't get caught. I've got to do something.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Judge McDonald did not return from Washington without a trophy. While there he attended bo business as well as pleasure, and was admitted to the Supreme Court of the U. S., being recommended by Attorney General Garland. He has had a beautiful bronze frame put around it.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

For several days one Bill Johnson, a cowboy, has been shadowed by Marshal McFadden on a telegram received from a Mr. Brown, who lives south of Caldwell. Bill is now in Arkansas City. Sheriff McIntire arrested him Tuesday and brought him up for free board. He is charged with horse stealing.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Friend has a very ingenious arrangement in his show window. He has a chromo of a very sweet girl; open rose-bud lips, pearly teeth, aquiline nose, heavenly eyes, and marble brow, arrayed in plumes and the general paraphernalia of a fashionable head dress. It is very unique and is an excellent model.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

John Kipp, who lives in the First ward, is a happy dad. It is a chubby little girl and pulls the scales at ten pounds, and made her appearance at 3 a.m. Dr. Park was the attending physician and says she is a daisy. John is doing as well as could be expected. His wife is in doubt which is the biggest baby of the two.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Mrs. Silver is brining light out of darkness. She has completely remodeled the carriage factory on North Main, painting and papering it, running partitions through it. She will have twenty-eight bed-rooms and everything will be conducted in first-class style. We predict for her a good business as she has a good location and is well known to be a thorough hotel woman.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Our reporter, with pure premeditation, dropped down in Burden Friday evening and enjoyed the agreeable courtesies of the Burden social club at its regular semi-monthly hop. The gathering, over thirty-five couples, would do credit to a much larger town--in fact, as we have remarked before, Burden can turn out more young people of genial refinement, comeliness, taste, and vivacity than any town in the State of her size. With no clicks and clans, no repulsive "aristocracy," their gatherings are supremely enjoyable.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

W. M. Allison is the proprietor of a new newspaper, "The Guardian," published at West Plains, Kansas. We looked the paper all over carefully to find in what part of Kansas West Plains is, but without success until our eye caught the words and figures, "Section 16, Township 32 , Range 30 West, in a descriptive article. Some may get the idea from this that it is 204 miles west of Winfield. It should name its county in the date line. It is a bright looking paper and will succeed if any paper can out there.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

A COURIER reporter spent Friday at the Dexter reunion. Camp "Pap Thomas" was located in a beautiful grove on Grouse Creek with plenty of pure, sparkling water and more hearty, honest, good cheer than we have ever met at a gathering in Cowley County. Dexter never does things by halves: her people are harmonious on everything they undertake, are of a generous, hearty, and hospitable nature, and nowhere is a stranger made to feel so much at home as among them. This was specially remarked by Department Commander Stewart, of the G. A. R., and Gen. Tim McCartney, who were present. The attendance was very large, and we venture to say that those who were fortunate enough to be present enjoyed it more than any reunion they have attended. During the afternoon speeches were delivered by Commander Stewart, Geo. McCartney, Senator Hackney, Revs. Brady and Fortune, Judge Soward, Amos Walton, and Capt. Tansey. Altogether the reunion was a grand success and the Dexter boys may congratulate themselves on the outcome of their efforts.


Of course Capt. Siverd was there. His auburn visage shows off well at a reunion and the boys can readily be excused for mistaking him for a campfire the first evening.

Sam Wells, Capt. McDorman, and Ed. Nicholson did the honors nobly and saw that everybody was provided for, if it took Jesse Hines last pig to do it.

They do say that Tom Soward and Capt. Nipp sat up all night to help forage for a pig.

Bullington took the biggest contract, that of filling up the orators and preachers with ye reporter thrown in. The way Mrs. Bullington's yellow legged chickens, cakes, and pies disappeared, was a caution. Levi and his estimable lady should have the sympathy of the entire Grouse valley.

The Burden post was present in force with John Ledlie at their head. John looks well in brass buttons.

Of course the Dexter band was on hand and their presence added much to the pleasure of the occasion. They are a fine body of young men and a credit to Dexter.

Mr. J. J. Carson met one of his old comrades, whom he had not seen since he left him lying on the battle field with his arm carried away by a cannon shot. He did not know he was alive until the meeting on Friday. You may be sure it was a hearty one.

The artillery boys waked the echoes in good style and made the old vets who know too well what the roar of cannon meant, instinctively dodge and prepare to "lay down."

Senator Hackney's speech stirred the boys up. You couldn't have kept him away from the Dexter reunion with the whole state militia. He says if there is a bigger hearted lot of people on earth, he would like to have someone trot them out.

Amos Walton's bald head went bobbing around in the crowd like a red cork in a trout pond. His "hello! old pard, give us yer vote--yer hand, I mean," accompanied by a six-by-ten smile that made one feel like asking him if he had the stomach ache, were most affecting. They do say that he gave a small boy ten cents to call him out for a speech, but this is probably a lie, as he is generally on hand without calling. He's as ready to pop and fizz as a soda bottle, and runs away much faster.

Uncle John Wallace, the patriarch of Grouse Valley, was on hand, looking as pleasant and jovial as if he had just turned thirty. Long may Uncle John live to enjoy these gatherings.

Tom Soward, as master of ceremonies, did himself proud, and sent the speakers off in good shape.

Everybody seemed to know everybody. The COURIER had invitations to eight or ten dinners and as many suppers. The reporter could have been eating yet if he had accepted them all, and he wishes he had.

Jesse Hines says he will give four postage stamps for correct information as to who foraged his fine, fat, orphan pig. We know.

It was Sidcuretomblanchardcapsiverdsamwellshemcdorman and four others who stole that pig. Send us the stamps, Jesse. Hold on! Capnipptomsowardanddoctorwells may know something about it, too.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

This new mill started yesterday under full steam. The firm is composed of James Kirk, well and favorably known to Winfield and vicinity, and Mathew Alexander, a brother-in-law of Mr. Kirk and a first-class businessman. They have secured the services of James Gillespie, who was formerly superintendent of the Anchor mills, St. Louis, and is a miller of know ability. The addition built on makes the building 38 x 40, with two stories and a basement. The latest and best improved machinery has been procured. They have a full roller process with a capacity of seventy-five barrels every twenty-four hours. The contract of building this mill was let to the Richmond City mill works, Richmond, Indiana. The superintendent in charge of construction was J. W. Heck. This new mill contains a full bolting system--Smith purifiers, Smith's centrifugal reels, one Eureka wheat scourer, one Brush smutter, one Richmond Brown duster, Barnor & Lee separator, five double stone Rickerson roller, mills 6 x 20. This new firm will do a big business, and add one more to Winfield's manufactories.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Will be sold at public sale, on Wednesday, the 11th day of November, 1885, at the Polled Angus Farm of Capt. Geo. W. Peters, located 6 miles northeast of Caldwell, Sumner County, Kansas, the finest herd of cattle west of the Mississippi, consisting of about as follows.

6 Imported Polled Angus Bulls (pedigreed).

13 Imported Polled Angus Cows (pedigreed).

11 Imported Polled Angus Calves (pedigreed).

57 Imported Polled Angus Bulls (Hamilton pedigree).

43 Thoroughbred Short-Horn Cows.

250 Calves of the above.

245 High Grade Durhams.

175 Calves.

Also a fine lot of horses and a large stock of hogs, mules, etc.


Parties wishing to buy on time must make satisfactory terms with creditors prior to day of sale.

This stock is recognized as being one of the finest herds in the West (many of the cows costing in the neighborhood of $1,000 each).

This sale is made to satisfy a note and mortgage made by Geo. W. Peters and wife to J. C. Fuller and J. C. McMullen, dated July 17, 1884, and recorded at Page 131, Vol. 7 of Mortgages; also subsequent mortgage given by same parties.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

A car load of purely bred Jersey heifers and cows for sale cheap. Also a Registered bull, all solid squirrel grays with black paints. I will only keep them here two weeks, after which they will be moved to Wichita. Come at once for bargains. I can be found at Holmes & Son's grocery store. P. A. Huffman.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Our new mill is now in operation. We have a fine set of rollers and everything is new and first-class. Flour, corn meal, hominy, and bran always on hand ready for exchange. We guarantee to give you honest measure and first-class goods.

KIRK & ALEXANDER, west 8th Ave.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

I have 850 for sale or will buy 500 to 1000 more. Address, N. R. Collins, Eureka, Kas.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

There are but two more days in which you can register. Friday is the last day for registration and if your name is not on the registration books on Friday evening at 9 o'clock, you cannot vote at the election November 3rd. Go to G. H. Buckman's office over the First National Bank and register.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.

Ella Tankisley to George A Harris, 60 acres, w end s hf sw qr 3-30-7e: $120

John B Harden et ux to Samuel F Harden, lots 7, 8, and 21, 18-30-8e and e hf ne qr and ne qr se qr 13 and se qr se qr 12-20-7e: $7,500

James M Templin et ux to John B Southard, 50 acres w side se qr 23-34-6e: $433

Harvey Gillespie et ux to R C Maurer, s hf se qr and sw qr se qr 20-32-7e, 160 acres: $400

Wm H Jones et ux to Esther McNutt, lots 25, 26, and 27, blk 114, A. C.: $175

Ben W Matlack to William H Jones, lots 25, 26, and 27, blk 114, A. C.: $85

John C Hall to Joseph T Hall, lots 1, 3, and 4 and s hf ne qr 3-30-5e, 153 acres: $600

Susan A Corwin and hus to H K Newton, 2 acres in ne qr 27-32-4e: $350

Peter C Clark et ux to Clarissa A Moor, lots 3 and 4, blk 48, Williams' ad to Udall: $450

Miles S Williams to Peter C Clark, lots 3 and 4, blk 48, Udall: $80

Wm T Hughes et ux to D B McCollum, sw qr sw qr 13-33-4e, 40 acres: $600

W L Sumner et ux to Stephen R Marsh, lot 5, blk 93, Menors ad to Winfield: $800

Thomas J Ishmael et ux to Benj J Ishmael, lots 3 and 4, blk 104, A. C.: $100

Sarah J Rushing to David W Frew, tract in 28-32-4e, q-c: $1.00

Atlanta Town Company to J R Cozort et al, lots 1 to 13, blk 44, Atlanta: $100

Wm E Martin et ux to Martha Brockett, tract in 21-32-4e: $1,400

Wm O Barnes et ux to Martha Brockett, tract in 27-32-4e: $1,000

John C Brockett et ux to Wm E Martin, lot 11, blk 143, village of Northfield: $800

Henry E Asp et ux to K C & S W R R Co., lot 2, blk 8, Manning's ad to Winfield: $1,000

Margaret Manning to Henry E Asp, lot 2, blk 8, except a strip fifty feet wide on the west end in Manning's ad to Winfield: $2,425

Mary I Martin and hus to M H Merritt, ne qr 15-33-4e and part of se qr 23-33-4e, 5 acres: $8,300

Henry E Asp et ux to J C McMullen, lot 2, blk 8, Manning's ad to Winfield, except fifty feet off the west end: $2,500

Arial Fairclo et ux to George L Pratt, lot 8, blk 63, A. C.: $600

Wilmot Town Co to William R Lorton, lot 1, blk 24, and lot 1, blk 34, Wilmot: $100

Wallace S L Rhodes et ux to David J Buckley, lot 9, blk 36, A. C.: $150

B B Vandeventer et ux to Henry E Asp, tract in 21-32-4e, 5 acres: $1,000

B W Matlack to Percilla Ray, lots 11 and 12, blk 142, A. C.: $75

James W Howard to Percilla Ray, lots 11 and 12, blk 142, A. C.: $55

Michael Earl et ux to Sarah A Dodd, lot 19, blk 100, A. C.: $200

Peter F Walton et ux to Alonzo C Newell, n hf se qr 33-32-6e: $1,000

T R Bryan et ux to J B Lynn and A B French, hf lot 11, blk 7, Winfield: $3,000

John A Rogers et ux to Wm H Hornady, w hf se qr 5-31-5e, 80 acres: $1,700

Henry Harbaugh et ux to A C Thompson, sw qr 17-33-4e; also the nw qr 17-33-4e: $13,250

Highland Park Town Company to Mary J Gale, tract in sw qr 23-32-4e: $500

School District No 77 to C A Briggs, tract in 19-32-5e, one acre: $8.00

Thomas Hickey et ux to John D Gore, se qr 23-34-7e, 160 acres: $500

Sarah A Drennan by G H McIntire to Byron Farrar, s hf ne qr 15-34-4e: $495

State of Kansas to S A Bendine, 100 acres, school land: $720

Robt Keiler et ux to Pauline Trotter, lots 17, 18 in blk 150, A C: $600


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

A small congregation greeted Bishop Vail at the Baptist church last evening. The services were beautiful and impressive. The music was grand. Bishop Vail was assisted by Rev. Edson, of Wichita, and Rev. McDonough of this place. Bishop Vail chose his text from Luke, 14:10, "But when thou art bidden, go and sit down in the lowest room; that when he that biddeth thee cometh, he may say unto thee, 'Friend, go up higher; then shalt thou have worship in the presence of them that sit at meat with thee.'" The text was divided into three heads. First, it teaches a rule of good manners. Secondly, it teaches a rule of temporal business. Thirdly, the parable is a rule of religion. The discourse was practical and to the point, well worth hearing. We are sorry we cannot publish it in full or at least a brief synopsis, but space forbids. Bishop Vail is a venerable looking old gentleman, his countenance stamped with benevolence. We are sorry he did not have a larger congregation. We are sure he would if more generally known he was to be here. At the close of the services, Albert Eddy was confirmed.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

This society will hold its monthly meeting at the office of Curns & Manser, on Saturday, 1 p.m., Oct. 2. A large attendance is expected, as it will be an important meeting. In view of the past season's experience, the question will be discussed, what varieties of apples, etc., shall be planted? Come and bring samples of fruit with you. J. F. Martin, President.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Married, Oct. 20th, at the residence of Deacon Miller, this city, by Judge Gans, Mr. Eugene H. Chesebro and Miss Mary E. Miller. Immediately after their marriage, they started for their future home, Ford County, this State. We throw our old shoe after the happy couple. May they live long and prosper.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The horse race that was to take place Thursday afternoon on our race track between Grey Robbin and Bull of the Woods was put off on account of not being able to procure the track. It will take place at Arkansas City Saturday afternoon. There is $100 up as a purse on this race.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The Walkup trial is stirring Emporia from center to circumference just now. Mrs. Minnie Walkup is only sweet 16½ years old and very pretty. She seems confident of acquittal.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The Courier Cornet Band were the first to pay their subscription of fifty dollars to the college fund. Tally one for the boys. They always get there first in everything.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Farmers, Attention. Take your beef hides to Whiting Bros.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

I don't like the way things look. I believe I'll get left. Rudolph Hite.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

I don't know much about surveying, but Amos says I'll get it. J. W. Weeks.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

The people of Winfield and Cowley do not know anything about hard times, such as the people all over the country are now suffering. The complaints come from every section of the country. Business is stagnant, men are out of employment, and produce is short crop and low prices. In Ohio they tell of the thousands who are wearing the "Cleveland badge," which is a patch on the seat of the pants.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

I have $15,000 to loan at 1¼ per cent in lots of $5,000 or more. G. W. Miller.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Recap. District Court. To be heard by November 28, 1885. M. L. Read, plaintiff, versus Ira Freeman, Henry Freeman, Van Freeman, Defendants. Asking judgment for $60 + 12% interest. Asking for sale of real estate to satisfy suit. Jennings & Troup, Attorneys for plaintiff.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Old Home Restaurant,


Meals served on short notice and to order. Board by the week, $3.00; meals, 25 cents.

Give us a call.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.






Will be at Central Hotel, Winfield, Oct. 15 to 26.

Owing to pressure of business, we will remain at the Central Hotel, until MONDAY, the 26th instant.

For testimonials see circulars.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Furniture and Carpets.

Having secured the exclusive right of the Patent Carpet Exhibitor, I am prepared to


than ever. Call and see the wonderful invention, even if you don't want to buy carpet. I will also keep in stock

Carpet Sweepers, Stretchers, Binding.

Oil Cloth, Carpet Felt, Door Mats, Rugs and Matting. Also the largest, latest, and most select styles of Parlor, Chamber, Dining, Office, and Kitchen Furniture to be found in the county. Picture frames of all kinds, oil paintings, chromos, water colors, brackets, towel and hat racks, foot rests and blacking boxes, and other articles too numerous to mention. Also keeps on hand a full line of mattresses. When in need of any article in my line, please call at

918 Main Street, East Side.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.



Shelf and Heavy Hardware.

The Celebrated Hawkeye Barb Wire a Specialty.


and a full assortment of Shelf Hardware.

Our motto is "Honest dealing and small profits." Come and see us.

East 9th Avenue, Opposite Ferguson's Livery Stable.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.





On Carpets, Oil Cloths, Rugs, Mats



Remember the place and the line of goods. I have put the knife in. It will pay all persons not supplied with these goods to look through and buy without delay, for this cut is for BLOOD. Respectfully,


Corner 8th and Main Streets


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

Recap. William H. Ashworth, Administrator of the estate of Zachariah Ashworth, deceased. Final settlement to be made January 4, 1886.


The Protection of Naturalized German-Americans.

The Bancroft Treaty a Fairly Liberal One.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

NEW YORK, October 17. A Washington special says a few days ago a cable dispatch from Berlin announcing that many American Germans having lately been molested by the German Government and pressed into the military service, Minister Pendleton was taking steps to save them from such annoyance hereafter. If that meant anything, it could only be construed into meaning that our Minister is either attempting to negotiate a new treaty affecting the status of German-Americans in Germany or to amend the Bancroft treaty. Fears having been expressed by some German-Americans that our Government might take steps involving the abrogation of the Bancroft treaty and thus remove the only safeguard under which a very large class of German-Americans can visit their fatherlands, an inquiry was made of First Assistant Secretary of State Porter, who is in charge of diplomatic affairs about the matter. Mr. Porter said that there had been many complaints of the insufficiency of the Bancroft treaty in protecting German-American citizens in their old home, but this Government had taken no steps to negotiate with the German Government in regard to the matter. He did not believe that Mr. Pendleton had done anything in the matter to find out what, if anything, can be done. Mr. Porter also stated that it seemed to be the general opinion of well informed people that the Bancroft treaty is very liberal, that we could hardly ask the German Government to forbear from punishing Germans who have obtained citizenship here for what violations of the laws of that country (including evasion of military duty) they may have committed before leaving Germany, and that it would also be unfair to both this and the German Government to ask the latter to permit a German to come here and become a citizen only for the purpose of returning to his native land and thus evade the duties of citizenship to both countries. Mr. Porter thinks, however, that if the conditions upon which a German-American can return to Germany can be made more liberal, it will be done.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

OMAHA, NEB., October 17. Articles of incorporation of the Omaha & North Platte Railroad have been filed in Lincoln. The capital stock is $5,000,000. The route is west from Omaha about seventy-five miles, thence northwest into Northern Nebraska. This is the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy scheme, and is intended to head off the Chicago & Northwestern from building an extension from Fremont to Lincoln. It has not even been presented to the Board of Directors and it is not known whether they will approve it. The scheme originated with the management of the Burlington & Missouri Railroad, otherwise known as the Nebraska Division of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

DETROIT, MICH., October 17. A number of burglaries have recently been committed in this city, and the police have been quietly following up a clue to the burglaries. Last night about ten o'clock the thieves were located in a low den on Atwater street. A squad of police were detailed to arrest the inmates, the squad was divided, and four policemen entered the saloon. On seeing the police the thieves drew pistols and began firing. The police returned the fire, and Charles Strong, a notorious character, was fatally shot. He died at Harpas Hospital this morning.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

LOUISVILLE, KY., October 17. While workmen were making excavations under an old brick wall on Main street, at noon, the wall gave way and fell in, injuring the following: Thomas Busch, hip broken and head fatally crushed; George Busch, serious internal injuries; Gus Weissers, head badly cut; William Cottons, leg broken, and an unknown man had his back broken.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

OMAHA, NEB., October 17. A dispatch received at military headquarters from Fort Robinson, says no trace was found of the Sioux Indians recently reported to be committing depredations along the northern frontier of Nebraska and Wyoming. Troops from Fort Niobrara are also scouring the country, but no report has yet been received from them.


The King of Servia Holds Back His War Proclamations.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

NEW YORK, October 17. A London cable to the Herald says: Contrary to expectations, King Milan has postponed the issue of his war manifesto. This, taken in connection with the vigorous suppression of all inflammatory telegraph news, has greatly encouraged the peace advocates. The stirring tone of the Austro-Hungarian newspapers within the past few days has undergone a radical change, and they are now generally silent regarding the Servian projects. It is thought King Milan is delaying his manifesto in order to await Prince Alexander's action relative to the demand of the powers for the withdrawal of Bulgarian troops from East Roumelia. In spite of the attempted restraint of Austria and the delayed war declarations, there are indications of a general movement of Servian troops toward the frontier with Sofia as the general objective point. There is a rumor current this morning that the Servian Government has discovered a plot to overthrow King Milan, and that bands of Montenegrins, Servian exiles, and Herzegovinians are engaged in secretly conveying arms supplied by Bulgaria, across the frontier. Under a new regime the exiles would return and concessions would have to be made to Bulgaria, who sees no hope of conciliating Servia, as King Milan has already proclaimed that he must go to war or abdicate. The effect of this rumor is heightened by the report that Eastern Roumelia is not so strong as it was in support of the union. Advices from Constantinople say that a statement is in circulation there to the effect that the Philippopolis branch of the Ottoman Bank has advanced funds for the purpose of pushing forward the Unionist movement.


King Theebaw Has a Fool's Expectation of Assistance from France.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

LONDON, October 17. Lord Salisbury, British Premier and Foreign Secretary, had a long conference today with Musurus Pasha, the Turkish Ambassador, and M. Waddington, French Minister. The subject of the conference with the Turkish Ambassador was the Balkan imbroglio, and M. Waddington's interview was in reference to the complications between Burmah, France, and England. It is evident that King Theebaw, of Burmah, is placing a vast and dangerous amount of reliance upon France for assistance against England. A cable news correspondent at Paris had an interview today with the Burmese Envoy to France, in which the latter asserted that England's threats were solely due to jealousy of the French. He said that England was taking advantage of petty lawsuits, which were purely a matter of internal administration, to make a wholesale land-grab, which should arouse the indignation of the world. In reference to the massing of Anglo-Indian troops for an advance upon Mandelay, he said that the Burmese would repel the invaders if it cost their last drop of blood. The Envoy was evidently confident that France would assist the Burmese King, but he is doomed to a bitter awakening as there was never a time when the French were less in the humor for new colonial adventures.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

INDIANAPOLIS, October 17. A special from Crawfordsville, Indian, says John W. Coffee was hanged there yesterday. The drop fell at 12:32. He was executed for the murder of an old man named McMullen and his wife in January last, the house being burned afterward to cover the crime. Coffee was utterly prostrated. He refused food, and the efforts of his spiritual advisers failed to afford him any consolation. He had to be carried to the scaffold. Before the drop fell, he made a short speech. The rope broke twice, but finally was adjusted satisfactorily and in twelve minutes life was extinct.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

BIDDEFORD, MAINE, October 17. On June 6 last, Nashum Morrison was drowned in the river. Dennis O'Connor, superintendent of burials for this city, buried the deceased, as was afterwards learned, without a shroud or coffin. Today the Widow Morrison brings suit against O'Connor for obtaining money under false pretenses, having charged her, as she says, for coffin, robe, and full service.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

EMPORIA, KAN., October 17. Mrs. Garrett, who disappeared from her home last Tuesday, was today found at Wycoff, a small station, about fifteen miles southeast of this city. She had become temporarily deranged while hunting a house to rent, and wandered off. She is feeling much better this morning, and the entire recovery of her mental faculties is hoped for by her friends.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

AITKEN, MINN., October 17. Five cars loaded with wheat were ditched on the Northern Pacific five miles east of here yesterday. Two men who were stealing a ride were found suffocated in the wheat. From letters on them they are believed to be John R. Cochrane, of Volante, Pa., and Louis Dust, of Champaign, Ill.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

NEW YORK, October 17. The large amount of wheat posted on the Produce Exchange as out of condition broke the market. The bears jumped in and pushed it strongly downward. Then the West, aided by Wall street, rushed in and bought to the extent of 3,000,000 or 4,000,000 bushels, forcing the price up again.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

SAN FRANCISCO, CAL., October 17. Colonel Bee, Chinese Consul at this city, has just completed a compilation of statistics showing the number of arrivals and departures of Chinese from this port since the restriction act went into force on May 6, 1882. The departures aggregate about 42,000; arrivals, 18,000.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

LEAVENWORTH, KAN., October 17. The Board of Directors of the Penitentiary have annulled the coal contract made with James A. Loper, of Atchison. One of the reasons given is that Mr. Loper has not removed all the coal contracted for.


A Slick Swindler Pretends Suicide, But is Found Out.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

CHICAGO, October 20. About a month ago a warrant was sworn out by E. P. Walker, a broker, for the arrest of Gilbert Zimmerman, a well-known man about town, whom expensive habits had led into financial difficulties, on the charge of disposing of mortgaged real estate. Zimmerman heard of the warrant and at once devised a plan to escape punishment. He wrote a letter to his family bidding them farewell forever, purchased a new suit of clothes, and threw his old ones into the lake. He was reported drowned, and being widely known, his suicide was extensively written up in the daily papers. The constable who had the warrant for his arrest read of his supposed death, and returned the paper with the inscription, "gone to a higher court." Funeral services were held and his wife donned widow's weeds. Today Mr. Zimmerman passed through here on his way West from New York, was recognized, and now reposes in the county jail.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.

CINCINNATI, October 20. Julius Dexter, one of the most active members of the citizens' committee of 100, now engaged in investigating the alleged frauds at the recent election in this county, was arrested yesterday on a charge of perjury. The trial was set for Wednesday and Mr. Dexter was released on $1,000 bail. The warrant on which the arrest was made was sworn out by John Minor and Patrick Kelly, judges of election at Precinct F, Ward Nineteen. It charges that Mr. Dexter made oath to a complaint before Squire Dunning that they, after the counting had been commenced in their precinct, postponed it and then removed the ballot box. They claim that Mr. Dexter committed perjury in swearing to this. Mr. Dexter has subscribed $500 to the committee's fund for carrying on the investigation.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.



Call and Examine Our Long List of Farm and City Property.

Office Over Winfield Bank.

Winfield, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.





Althouse, Wheeler & Co. & Jones' Water-Packing Cylinder.


Pumps of Every Make and Description, Pipe and Fittings, Drive Points,


Hose and Hose Reels, etc.

The ECLIPSE will run in a lighter wind, having more wind surface, and will run steadier in a strong wind than any other make. The Althouse, Wheeler & Co. is a vaneless mill and regulates itself perfectly. We have one put up in our store and would be pleased to have it examined.


711 North Main Street, Winfield, Kansas.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.



Drugs, Books, Stationery and Wall Paper.



Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 22, 1885.


At the Red Front, between 8th & 9th Aves., is the place to buy

School Books

And everything that is usually kept in a first class Book Store.

Picture Moulding a specialty.


School Books, Pencils, Etc.




The Present Relation of Political Parties to Prohibition.

An Address Delivered in Topeka, October 15th, 1885.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Mr. Chairman and Ladies and Gentlemen:

My theme is tonight "The present relation of political parties to prohibition." The importance of the subject cannot be overestimated; and as I must make statements which, taken by themselves, may possibly irritate some, I wish in the beginning to request hearers to listen to the end before deciding that they have been unfairly or unkindly dealt with, and to bear in mind that censure is only intended for those to whom it is directly applied. I hope no one here will be so weak and ungentlemanly as to insist on wearing away a cap made especially for someone else. The widening divisions and increasing bitterness in the prohibition ranks is mainly attributed to inaccurate statements, to a too sweeping appropriation or application of facts and of condemnation which may have been justifiable, and even necessary, when correct and deserved.

Except when I state the contrary, my remarks will refer solely to "The North." The general situation and attitude of parties in the old slave states is essentially different from what it is to the north of them, and the prohibition question, like most others, has to be considered from two standpoints in the different sections.

When I speak of prohibitionists, I mean all those who favor prohibitory laws, and not merely the (perhaps) one-twentieth portion of them, who use the term to designate their own political party--not a few of whom make themselves justly obnoxious, by the closeness with which they imitate the Pharisee who boasted of his own superior virtues, and thanked God he was not like other men.

With a rapidly increasing number of people, the dram shop problem is a paramount political issue of the times. With friends as well as foes of the saloon, other questions are fast becoming "side issues." Many still strive and hope to "keep the subject out of politics," but it cannot be done. "Regulation and Revenue," "Local Option," and "Prohibition" are equally political methods of dealing with a universally acknowledged evil.


Generally the longer a reform can be advanced by non-partisan agitation, the better. But in the advocacy of radical reforms against which large moneyed interests are arrayed, the time nearly always arrives when its friends are compelled to act with and rely on a political party. As a rule, reform measures that appeal strongly to consciences and hearts secure supporters most rapidly when entirely disconnected with party strife; but, when legislation is essential to success, their enemies are certain to, sooner or later, obtain control of and use political parties in their defense; and, of course, an organized opposition at the poles requires an organized support at the ballot box. For nearly a hundred years, the opposition to slavery was non-partisan in its character, but after abolishing the institution in a few states (in which it was always weak), prohibiting the slave trade and consecrating the Northwest to freedom, the anti-slavery agitation bore little further legislative fruit, and slavery grew stronger until a powerful political party antagonized it.


A very large majority of Republicans in every state are hostile to saloons, but a strong minority are more or less favorable to them, and in this minority are found a majority of the professional office-seekers and wire-workers. Its National convention took no position in the matter. In Kansas, Iowa, Vermont, and Maine it supports prohibition, and in the other states either ignores the question or favors a license system, for the ostensible purpose of diminishing the evils of intemperance by reducing the number of drunkard makers. I know of no exception to the statement that since the rebellion (if not since the organization of the party) every law passed at the request of the temperance element has received a very large percentage of its support from the Republicans; and that every measure passed against their protest has received much the largest percentage of its opposition from that party. Moreover the sentiment of hostility to the saloon is rapidly growing in its ranks. Of its ultra whiskey members, some are converted each year, and others die or join the Democrats, while the recruits for that side are comparatively few. An immense majority of the changes are for the better. A steady, irresistible drift of sentiment in the party is unquestionably everywhere. To deny these facts is to exhibit a degree of ignorance that is discreditable, or a willful wickedness that is abominable. If anyone says the party does not progress as fast as he thinks it should, and occasionally makes bad slips, I have nothing to say; but intelligent men who deny or ignore the facts in the case and call the republican party a friend of the saloon, have no right to complain when the millions of earnest and self-sacrificing prohibitionists in the ranks they so outlandishly malign, denounce them as willful liars and slanderers. And it needs no argument to prove that prohibitionists who thus unjustly assail and misrepresent the overwhelming majority of the friends of the cause, are, when doing so, practically working in the interest of the Democratic party.


It is everywhere admitted that an overwhelming majority of Democrats are hostile to prohibition. The national and State conventions of that party openly oppose it; and when they advocate a license system, it generally appears to be done for the money there is in it, or as the best way to antagonize prohibition, rather than from enmity to the traffic. Since the war, a very large majority of the votes of Democrats on measures affecting saloons have been cast in accordance with the wishes of that interest and against the protests and petitions of temperance workers. No saloon advocate ever leaves that party on account of its unkind and unfriendly acts; but, each succeeding year constantly increasing numbers gravitate into it from other parties. It has, in its ring, numerous strong temperance men; but each year, the acts and spirit of the party drive some of these into other organizations, and none of that class come from outside to take their places. The inevitable consequence is, that the democratic party is becoming more and more the recognized defender and servant of the dram seller, just as it formerly was of slave hunters. It will move forward on the new issue, as it did on the old, but only as fast as it is compelled to. Like an ox tied behind a wagon, that bellows with rage and pulls back with all its might, that party, with glaring eyes and foaming mouth, is pulling back at the rear of the car of progress, and will advance only as fast as the Republican horses, Humanity and Virtue, drag it. I should be glad to paint a less revolting picture here, but I am stating facts, and truth will not permit--except to say that there are some evidences, among Kansas Democrats, of a coming rebellion against saloon domination.


As the greenback party is steadily dissolving, little need be said of it, except that the majority of its remaining members are professed prohibitionists, but, unfortunately, have seldom put their ballots where they could help the cause gain a victory, and too often, as is now being done in Iowa, when offered patronage, have made combinations with the saloon party.


There is also a distinctive prohibition party. The most of its members are undoubtedly good men, whose purity of life and lofty aim secures respect, in spite of the colossal folly of their course, and the unpardonable mendacity and vindictiveness of some of their most influential leaders. So far as I have been able to learn, the party has not, except in a single instance, decided in convention to cast its vote for a prohibitionist who stood any chance of election, but has in many cases refused to support uncompromising prohibitionists; which refusal has, more than once, been the cause of the election of whiskey candidates. The actual results of its labor at the polls, therefore, thus far, nearly always has been to weaken the cause and its friends and to strengthen its enemies. Nor has its course on the rostrum or in the press been more commendable. Instead of bringing their batteries of fact, logic, and pathos to bear mainly against dram sellers and the party that openly defends and protects them, its leading advocates expend the most of their energies to denounce the party in whose ranks are found the great mass of the friends of temperance--and this denunciation is often as unjust and bitter as the most devilish malignity can make it. A copy now before me of The XVIth Amendment, one of the leading organs of that party, gives five times as much space to attack the Republican party as it does to mount an assault on the rum power or its partisan defenders; and three-fourths of the speech of Prof. A. Hopkins, on taking the chair at the last New York prohibition convention, was in the same vein. I am not dealing with motives now, but with facts, which no one will gainsay. However, it will not be improper to add that those who do these things know, and freely admit, in advance, what the present consequences of their acts must be, and their defense is the glorious things which they hope to accomplish some time in the shadowy future, after the Republican party shall have been destroyed. In order to induce us to leave the Republican party, these jaundiced and embittered men of God (or willing instruments of the devil) parade against it, as a whole, every bad act or word of every individual Republican speaker, officer, or newspaper, and warp and entirely distort innocent acts and language, but give credit for little or nothing that is good, and between the gnashing of their teeth, shed crocodile tears because life-long temperance advocates do not flock to their feet and beg the privilege of humbly following in their wake. Does any third party man think this language too strong? If so, let him remember, that it is uttered in defense of multitudes of self-sacrificing men and women unjustly slandered. It applies only to those of whom it is true--the malicious scoundrels and demagogues--of whom, unfortunately, too many have fastened themselves upon the third party.


However, notwithstanding the mistakes of their friends, the sentiment in favor of prohibition has grown with such wonderful rapidity that the dram selling fraternity has become thoroughly alarmed, and is now industriously perfecting state and national organizations for self-defense. A late copy of the Philadelphia Times contains a report of an interview with Louis Fresney, President of the Philadelphia Hotel and Saloon-keepers Union, giving an account of the league now being formed in that state in which he says:

"Of course the State League will have a say in the politics of the state. We shall choose such candidates for the legislature as will protect our interests and we shall use both influence and money to defeat the men who we know are antagonistic to our cause. It stands to reason that the combined forces of the liquor dealers of Pennsylvania will have a vast amount of political strength. Any man who deals in liquor can become a member of the State League. The objects of the League are protection against the law and order fanatics and to modify the blue laws of 1794--to do away with the Sunday closing, besides we want to take the power away from the Judges of revoking saloon and hotel keeper's license for the offense of selling liquor on Sunday. (Bills such as I have outlined will be drawn up and presented in the legislature and if they are not favorably considered at the next session, it will give the league an opportunity of knowing the members who are to receive our support and those whom we must displace, if possible. You can see the necessity of the concentrated action of the liquor dealers of the entire state. I can say that the big brewers and wholesale liquor dealers are in concert with us and we can count on them as strong allies to our cause.)"

How do you like this? Shall Mr. Fresney's liquor league decide who may sit in our legislature and congressional halls, and who are to fill our executive and judicial offices? Even a blind man can see that, with parties constituted as they now are, the general formation of such societies simply means a speedy transfer of the radical saloon advocates from all quarters into a Democratic party as fast as it becomes necessary for the protection of saloon interests. Nobody can blame dram sellers for concentrating (although the possibilities are that they will hasten their own doom by so doing), for the concentration of saloonists ought to lead to a concentration of prohibitionists also. Should not this movement operate as a notice to prohibition democrats to "come out from among them?"

Can they conscientiously continue to vote with and for a party that they know is hopelessly under the control of brewers, distillers, and dram sellers? And, if they conclude to leave it on that account, will it not be best for them to join a very strong organization, through which, with their help, the cause can be made to succeed within a reasonable time instead of a very small one, through which success is impossible for a long term of years--if not forever? Suppose they do dislike the word republican; should they indefinitely postpone the triumph of humanity rather than yield their prejudices even for a few years? In the days of the rebellion, multitudes pursued the patriotic course of acting with the party that represented radical Unionism, so long as they believed that to be a vital issue. Why not let humanity control now, at least to the extent that patriotism did then?


Is it not plain even to natural conservatives that the Republican party cannot comply with the demands of these liquor leagues? Do they not know that the Democratic party will always outbid them for the saloon vote--and get it, in steadily increasing numbers? And if this is so, is it not foolish as well as disgraceful to longer dally with the hideous harlot? Moreover, every concession made for the purpose of retaining irreclaimable saloon devotees repels prohibitionists of other parties who feel inclined to join us, and increases the number of prohibition Republicans who become disheartened and leave us. The dog that grasped for the shadow while crossing the stream lost the meat in his mouth. Is there not danger that, in striving to retain the certainly vanishing whiskey vote, we shall lose exceedingly heavily from the element that is anxious to remain, and repel those who are willing to join us? It is no answer to say that the prohibition democrats have not voted with us in the past when we nominated prohibitionists. Some of them have, and many more would have done so but for the fact that the Republican party has nowhere yet absolutely burned the bridges behind it on this question. So long as we bid for the saloon votes, prohibitionists in other parties will naturally be incredulous of our profession and tardy about joining us. Indeed, none but the most radical will do so. Viewed simply as a matter of policy, is it not best to respond to the demands of the saloon fraternity with a notice to change their vocation or strike their tents? Is it not ruinous folly to ignore the fact that conflict between the home and the saloon is irrepressible and deadly, and that, as the Republican party must, sooner or later, champion the cause of the home everywhere, or die, the sooner it takes its stand, throws off its fetters, and strikes out from the shoulder, the better? Until we do that we will inevitably lose from both elements and gain from neither. How long can the party stand such depletion?

The Republican party of Kansas is practically a prohibition party. I am aware that some of its members are still opposed to that policy, just as many republicans denounced manhood suffrage long after it became a law, but the irreconcilable are in hopeless minority in this state, and while that minority diminishes daily by conversion, desertion, and death, it draws few recruits from anywhere. The politicians who are now trying to persuade prohibitionists to ignore that question next year, are wasting their time--and worse. We should not, cannot, and will not comply with the demand.

The prohibition Republicans of Kansas are resolved to absolutely destroy the saloon business in this nation, and neither threats nor blandishment will deter them. Even if it could be shown that the destruction of the saloon meant the destruction of the party, they would still say "the saloon must and shall go;" but this is hardly among the possibilities. At the time St. John was defeated, any other prohibitionist could have been elected easily, and the cause is very much stronger now than it was then. Kansas is not afraid of prohibition or prohibitionists.

It is not for me to assume to say how the next republican platform shall read, but it needs no prophet to foretell that it will be formulated by uncompromising prohibitionists. I do not believe in making platforms unnecessarily offensive to minorities, and hope for and expect moderation in this direction; but the course decided upon will unquestionably be the one which, in the judgment of the majority, will be the most disastrous to the saloon business.

I have been thus explicit, because some anti-prohibitionists appear to imagine that they can frighten prohibitionists into surrendering their principles for the sake of party harmony. A few might be thus influenced, but the masses will say with the Troy Chief, that "There shall be no straddling hereafter," and no dodging. The truth is that the voters who prefer the death of the republican party to the destruction of the saloon, are no longer at home in its ranks, and no further attempts should be made to coddle them. The old party managers who want "harmony in the party" next year, should begin to work for it now; should put in the most of their time on themselves and their associates, and should remember that the only possible oasis of harmony is acquiescence in prohibition and the settled policy of the state, to be made as effective as the best laws rigidly enforced can make it.

Prohibitionists have much to encourage them, but, unfortunately, what is called the third party leaven is spreading rapidly, and there is danger that the placards seen above saloon counters in Marysville and other places last fall, which read "St. John our Savior" may be supplemented with the "Third Party Our Protector." I never yet saw a radical saloon advocate who did not insist that radical prohibition Republicans ought to join the third party, and urge them to do so; and the self-evident course is that they believe the third party prohibitionists are less dangerous to the saloons than the prohibition republicans are. Should not this fact cause men to think before taking advice of their enemies? Having no grudges to pay off nor axes to grind, and prohibition being with me the paramount issue, I think that I can consider the subject dispassionately. Will my third party friends, who are so confident that they are right, try to look at a few points with unprejudiced eyes? The first song sung by the third party siren, when trying to seduce a republican from his allegiance to his party, has been harped by democratic minstrels for twenty years, and is that all the issues growing out of the war are settled.

This is not true. In a dozen states "a free vote and a fair count" is not permitted. Do not become alarmed. I do not propose to "flaunt the bloody shirt," nor to repeat the old but too terribly true and woefully sad stories of unpunished murders and wandering exiles. It is of crimes still being perpetrated, and from which you and I are also suffering, that I speak. It is a cold fact and a burning shame that the men who drowned the Nation in blood now rule it through fraudulently managed elections. That the party in power in the south will not permit elections to go against them is denied by only these classes--the shamefully ignorant, and those who are absolutely blinded by prejudice and willful falsities. Southern democrats boldly admit the fact, and justify it. They draw a dark picture of the presumed evils that would result from the domination of ignorant negroes, and, with a manner that appears to say "that settles it," ask what northern men would do under similar circumstances. I cannot discuss that question now, but must be permitted to say that, in my opinion, it is never either right or necessary to do wrong. In the anti-bellum days, many of these same men believed that a war of races would certainly follow emancipation, and they were not more mistaken in the notion than they are now that ruin would be the result of permitting honest elections.

Just how these crimes can be stopped, I will not undertake to decide; but I will say that, so long as they continue to be systematically and persistently perpetrated, at least one vital issue growing out of the war will not have been settled: and I will add that I do not understand how any honest man can dispute the proposition that a party which perpetrates and profits by such offenses should not be permitted to control the national government. When I hear a former republican mouthing about there being "no difference between the old parties except the offices," it is sometimes hard to restrain indignation sufficiently to treat him civilly. Not content with robbing their always loyal neighbors of sacred rights, these political usurpers are also even now robbing nearly half a million American citizens in Dakota of their right to enter the Union. Having obtained power by openly disregarding the rights of others, they propose to retain it in the same way.

But I cannot enlarge on this theme. I have referred to it solely for the purpose of impressing on my radical prohibition republican friends the fact that we cannot acquiesce in these infamous crimes against the rights of millions of American citizens--crimes which indeed affect every citizen and the result of which cannot be foretold. The issues growing out of the war are not all settled. We must contend for prohibition with untiring zeal, but must also stand immovably by the political rock on which our government is founded, and resist to the uttermost all attempts to undermine it. Let not impatience at apparently slow progress in one direction lead us to deny or forget the vital importance of this matter.

And will not those republicans who have heretofore preferred to deal with the liquor traffic in some other way than by prohibition and are keenly alive to the importance of honest elections, strike hands with us in our warfare against this monster evil of intemperance also? We will help you all we can, but you must not, you cannot, close your ears to the wailing cry that comes from a million homes made wretched by rum. Political rights and suffering humanity, both antagonized by the same party, appeal to our manhood, our hearts, and our consciences. Shall we not close up the ranks and move forward, shoulder to shoulder, against the common enemy? Without your help we are, at present, powerless, but without our help, you now are, and always will be, equally so. Then will you not say with me that both objects can and should, must and shall be struggled for at the same time and upon the same platform? That "the ballot box" and "the home" shall both be protected by the same party?

But here comes a watery-eyed pair of spectacles and gasps, "the prohibitionists have been insulted."

"A million republican voters implored the national convention to favor protection to the home, and it contemptuously refused to notice their petition. The widow's only son must be allowed to go to ruin, but the nabob's profit on his sheep must not be diminished." This whining accusation is outrageously untrue, and despicably silly. There were not a quarter as many republican signatures to the petition as is alleged, and, as is always the case, multitudes signed without realizing what they were asking. Moreover, the committee on platform did consider the platform very carefully, and gave Miss Frances Willard, the spokesman for the petitioners, all the time she wanted and the most courteous treatment; and its decision to say nothing about the matter was heartily approved by nine-tenths of the prohibitionists of the country. Looking at the matter from the standpoint of a radical prohibitionist, my judgment is that it did exactly right, and that a contrary course would have given the democrats the electoral votes of nearly, if not quite, every state in the union, and the acknowledged whiskey party would have captured the state government also. Even in Kansas Glick would probably have been re-elected.

"So you admit, do you, that the Republican party acted like a coward, and dodged the right principle for the sake of electing a few men to office?" Well, yes, if it pleases you to put it in that way. A wise general never allows the petitions of friends who do not understand the situation, nor the jeers of enemies and jaunts of fools, to lead him to give battle or assault a fortress when he knows a crushing defeat is certain to be the result. He will try first to strengthen his own army or position, or weaken that of the enemy. In 1856 and 1860 the Republican party, with the approval of many of the critics above referred to, refused to favor the abolition of slavery, and but for "that exhibition of cowardice," etc., Lincoln never would have been elected, and slavery would now be stronger than ever. Again, in 1864 (still with the same approval), it "dodged a right principle" when it refused to declare in favor of manhood suffrage--but the suppression of the rebellion and the enfranchisement of the colored man was the consequence.

I have asked many sneerers, "Do you think the party should have come out for prohibition in 1872, 1876, or 1880," and the invariable response is "No." Why? "Because the times were not ripe for it then." So it is honest and manly to act the coward and dodge vital principles, when you think it is not safe to do so, is it? Somewhere in the neighborhood of 100,000 republicans thought the "times were ripe" for national prohibition last year, but two or three million, equally intelligent, disinterested, courageous, and honest enemies of the saloons thought differently; and because the party acted on the judgment of the overwhelming majority instead of the small minority, some honest men and many knaves heap upon it all the contumely they can find language to express. Is it not nauseating to see a few members of this minority going about with tears in their tones and plasters on their faces, calling attention to the places where they allege they have been "slapped" by a convention that declined to raise its hand?

Another assertion which many iterate and reiterate, as though it settles the whole controversy, is that "new issues always require new parties."

This is much oftener untrue than true. Successful parties represent general tendencies and aspirations rather than specific measures. The democratic party, for instance, has advocated one or both sides of many issues, some of which have long ceased to interest the people. Is there a man here who can tell, offhand, what specific issue brought it into existence?

The motive power of the democratic party is the selfish instinct, and its soul shines forth in the old saying, "Every man for himself and the devil take the hindmost." The motive power of the republican party is the humanitarian instinct, which is best expressed in the golden rule, "Do unto others as ye would that they should do unto you." Its first recognized object was to exclude slavery from the territories. This was done in 1861, more than twenty-four years ago, and, according to theorists, it should have died the year it came into power. But, fortunately, it did not, as it has since, in addition to a multitude of minor matters, settled several questions of great importance such as:

The abolition of slavery.

The suppression of the rebellion.

The reconstruction of the Union.

The enfranchisement of the Negro.

The preservation of the National credit.

Upon all except the second of these problems there was, at first, a serious division of opinion in the party; but the majority ruled, and the objectors either accepted and acquiesced in the decision, or left the party. A pumpkin vine bears one crop, and dies; but the fruit tree yields new stores for a long succession of years. Even when the crop was diminished in both quantity and quality, and decay has found a lodgment in its trunk, the owner of a choice tree from which he found his young love in the halcyon days, and under whose shade his children made merry, will not cut it down as a cumberer of the ground until he shall have dug about it, and pruned it, and used every possible means to restore it to health and usefulness. And shall the political tree which has given the nation such wonderful harvests of great and good and glorious deeds be abandoned to the axes of enemies without a determined effort to save it? No, no, my friends! The order for destruction should not be lightly issued. Show a necessity for it, and, though heart-strings break, I will join you; but that necessity must first be established, and it must also be shown that the new party is, on the whole, a better one, and will probably be able to do more work for the country and all humanity.

It is asserted by many that experience in Kansas has proved that prohibitionists cannot safely trust officials who do not openly endorse the principle of prohibition. The answer is, that if true, the proper remedy is to nominate no more candidates of that kind. But I do not entirely admit the proposition. Some anti-prohibitionist officials have done their whole duty; while other officials whose professions of devotion to the cause are pitched on the highest key, have failed to act as they talk. Abraham Lincoln, when elected president, was very far from being an abolitionist, but it was he who issued the emancipation proclamation. Last year the nomination of Col. Martin drew back into the ranks many republican voters, who have since become fully reconciled and are now aggressive supporters of the law. The permanent increase of strength gained by this conciliatory act, vastly outweighs any loss that may have resulted. But, asks an objector, has not Gov. Martin been untrue to prohibition? I answer that, even if he has, the balance is still on the profit side, for the cause. But I do not endorse the charge, as made. It is true that the governor has made grievous mistakes, from which much harm has resulted, and still more is likely to follow, but I am not prepared to assert that there has been any intentional betrayal of the trust reposed in him. I have not refrained from criticizing him with the utmost plainness, but I am as free to admit that it was his duty to exercise his own judgment and act according to his own convictions of duty. Some men appear to be unfortunately constituted that they cannot help defending all the acts of their party and its leading officials, and great harm is the result; but it is equally unfortunate and wrong to denounce as traitors to principle those who may simply be mistaken. Whenever, to accomplish a desired result, men must act together, patient perseverance and a conciliatory spirit is absolutely essential to success.

We should, of course, always fearlessly condemn the wrong, instead of endorsing and consenting to it, no matter who is the derelict or guilty person, and should as persistently advocate the right; but, even when the majority do not at once agree with us, it does not follow that we should despair and thereafter treat them as enemies. When Fremont's emancipation proclamation was revoked, the hearts of many abolitionists stood still; and when Union generals returned slaves to their owners, they were justly indignant. The temptation was strong to refuse support to a President and party that would permit such things, and a few did thus refuse--but they only weakened one holy cause without strengthening the other. Suppose that, in that trying hour, the abolitionists had, in their righteous wrath, withdrawn from the Union army, organized one of their own, announced their intention of fighting both Federals and Confederates; and suppose, further, they had insisted that, because the confederates were avowedly in favor of slavery, they were more to be respected than the Federals, many of whom professed hostility to the institution, but were still used to keep men in bondage, and that, heretofore, it was their first duty to destroy the Union army; and suppose still further that in accordance with these ideas, they had made their attacks almost entirely upon the Federal armies where they were being most severely pressed by the Confederates, who everywhere cheered and furnished them with supplies: What would have been the result, and what would history have said of them? And yet would not that course have been as defensible as that of the impatient prohibitionist whose chief effort now is to defeat the party that contains nineteen-twentieths of the friends of the cause; and who tries to do this with the full knowledge that success would put the acknowledged rum party in power? A man is, in law (and in common sense) presumed to intend and desire what is most likely to result from his acts. Therefore, it must be presumed that the third party men desire the transfer of the power to make and execute laws from a party, a large part, if not a majority, of which is opposed to saloons, to a party that is almost solidly in favor of them. It is not surprising that saloon men throw up their hats and help pay the campaign expenses of third party candidates; but how really honest prohibitionists can pursue so idiotic a policy, and yet act like sensible men in other respects is more than I can understand.

Our third party friends are never so delighted as when comparing themselves with the old abolitionists, who, in their opinion really abolished slavery. I would not detract one iota from the credit due to Garrison, Phillips, Birney, and those who acted with them, but it is not right to rob others for their benefit. While their eloquent appeals for the slaves did much good, it is also unfortunately true that the excessive bitterness of their language in denunciation of free-soilers who did not agree with them as to methods, as well as of slave-holders, did much harm. Greely, Chase, Giddings, Lincoln, and their associates, undoubtedly made ten converts where the partisan abolitionists made one. It is the leaven in the lump--not that on the shelf that leavens it. Free soil Whigs and democrats, when talking with party friends on this subject, converted multitudes who would have turned their backs on and closed their hearts to those who commenced by denouncing the constitution of their country and the party and church they loved. The Republican party was not an outgrowth from the abolition party, but was generated from the heat resulting from the repeal of the Missouri compromise operating on seed sowed by a multitude of good men, only a small portion of whom were abolitionists. Its position on the slavery question then was more conservative than it now is on temperance, and long after Lincoln was made president, he was denounced by Wendall Phillips as "the slave hound of Illinois." But as the sympathies and aspirations of the mass of the party were in the right direction, it steadily advanced to higher grounds on the slavery question, just as it is now doing on the saloon question. Before going further, it may be proper to ask, what is the general character of this independent prohibition party? So far as I can judge, it is, excepting on the question of prohibition, substantially a democratic party. It is true that the mass of its members were once republicans, but its most influential members were once democrats, greenbackers, or republicans who have not merely joined another organization to fight the liquor traffic more effectively, but have apostatized from their former principles; and it is not strange that this should be the case. It is natural that the prohibition democrats, with whom the cause is the paramount issue, should leave the party they know is hopelessly wedded to the saloons, and should become leaders in the one they join. Most of the same class of Republican intellects, however, see clearly that, sooner or later, their party must and will rally en masse around the home, and consequently remain in it. The Republicans who go into the third party are generally those who have more enthusiasm, or temper, than judgment; and are thus constitutionally unfitted for leadership. There are, it is true, some ex-republicans who are leaders; but in most instances, their antecedents raise a strong presumption that disappointed ambition, or mercenary motives, caused the change, which would also account for their extreme rancor and their apostasy from other ideas and principles they once advocated. Moreover their avowed intention of destroying the Republican party nationally leads them to belittle and controvert the principles and issues it advocates. It seems to me that no unprejudiced man can listen to the most active speakers, and read the proceedings of the principle conventions of the third party, without feeling that I am not mistaken in this matter. At the New York State convention, held September 11th, the following resolutions were adopted.

"Resolved, That it is the judgment of this convention, that the issues culminating in and resulting from the late war which have been for many years past a source of irritation to the old parties and which have been reviewed at each succeeding national and state contest are a menace to the south and the amity and good will which must prevail in order to secure a happy and united country, and that the time has come when they should be buried from our sight.

"Resolved, That the names, association, and memories of the two old parties (Republican and Democratic) are a constant menace to the peace, prosperity, and tranquility of the nation, and to the end that 'peace and good will,' may reign, we call upon all patriotic and God fearing people to unite with us in burying the unhappy memories of the past, and erecting anew our altars of devotion to our common country by engaging in our grand crusade against the great crime of crimes, and all political parties in affiliation with it, to the end that our Sabbaths may not be desecrated, and that our homes and children may be protected and our God honored."

How does this authoritative utterance sound to men to whom it smacks dishonor to abandon old allies merely because they are powerful and in trouble--ave, look like loathsome meanness and infernal wickedness? In the opinion of these degenerate dough faces of modern New York, even the heart stirring memories of the period when heroes risked their own lives to save that of their country must be buried out of sight, and the very name of the party that abolished slavery must not so much as be spoken in a whisper. The Grand Army of the Republic must, we suppose, hold no more reunions; Memorial day must be tabooed and half the chaplet must be torn from the brow of Lincoln, the emancipator, to be placed on that of Davis, the traitor. These resolutions were, of course, a bid by democrats, apostate Republicans, and unthinking men, for southern smiles and votes, and in all that convention of four or five hundred delegates there was not one to rise up and protest against such despicable truckling.

Others will do as they please, but, for one, I cannot honor a party which, during the first year of its revivified existence, volunteers to swallow so large an amount of the dirtiest kind of dirt, and smacks its greedy lips for more. Uriah Heep never made a more repulsive exhibition of himself. No one else is responsible for what I say, and I will therefore add that, while I take no exception to such a sentiment, when they come from old time democrats and think it natural that they should be anxious to even forget there had been a rebellion, language cannot express the mingled contempt and abhorrence I feel for old time Republicans who seek to do such dishonor to the glorious "memories" that have made our age illustrious. My vision cannot penetrate the future, and, for ought I know, it may yet become necessary for prohibition republicans to bury the party they love so dearly, but if that day ever comes, its requiems will never cease to sound, and the flowers on its grave will be kept fresh by the gratitude and love impelled tears of those whose God is not self. If ever we must go, we will carry with us our devotion to the rights of man and fair dealing. In short, we will be Republicans in fact let us be called what we may.

A favorite argument of some sincere third party men is that their organization will "Divide the solid south." Don Quixote never started on a more hopeless mission. The political methods in use at the South are not prompted merely by general cussedness and hatred of the Republican party, but by an insane dread of "negro ascendency." Her rulers actually believe that it is absolutely necessary for the preservation of society that the whites shall be kept substantially solid and the negro vote excluded from the ballot box, or nullified, and they will not permit any division that threatens to change the present political situation in that respect. Most southern prohibitionists are Negrophobites, and the argument there which makes the most votes is that whiskey sellers encourage negroes to steal. They are doing good work, in their way, but no will-o'-the-wisp was ever more deceiving than the idea that an independent prohibition party can be made a success in the south.

There are plenty of people in the old slave states who will talk about the democratic party and would like to join the new one, but when it comes to acting, they care not. The fundamental defect in the southern character is a lack of moral courage. Of physical courage, they have superabundance, but the native southerner who can stand up in a small minority (as Geo. W. Cabel is now doing) and act on their own convictions against the wishes of the ruling class, when it is aroused, is scarce. If the union men of the south had been as aggressive or their views as the secessionists were, there could have been no rebellion. If the whites now there would like to join the republican party were not afraid to do so--if they had the moral courage to act the part of true men--the democrats, in spite of all they could do, would lose half the south at the next election. But--the case is hopeless, at least for the present.

It may be well to consider here the chance of success if radical prohibition Republicans should join the 150,000 in the wilderness. The organization of a successful national political party is not child's play. There have been hundreds of attempts, more or less, in this country, but of them all, only five ever elected a president and two of these were really one party with different names. Several bid fair, for a time, in the opinion of many, to succeed; but only a very few ever elected a single elector. It is also as hard to kill a once successful national party as to build up a new one. From the foundation of our government only two parties--the Federal and the Whig--have died after once electing a president. The old Republican party merely changed its name (while in power) to that of democrat. The Federal party elected three presidents, and, after a hiatus, during which there was practically but one party, was followed by the Whig party. The Whigs won two national victories, but lost the fruit of both. The national career of that party was one of almost unbroken disaster, and yet, in 1856, it had been practically destroyed by the Know-Nothing party; its remains were strong enough to enable the Democrats to defeat Fremont, and would have been equally potent in 1860 but for the division in the democratic ranks. The democratic party is a still more forcible illustration of the difficulty of killing a once dominant party. And yet, with the plain teachings of history staring them in the face, enthusiastic young men, visionary old ones, and disappointed aspirants for office, appear to imagine that it will take them but a short time to wipe the Republican party from the face of the earth, in spite of its soul stirring record and the millions whose heart strings cling to it so tenaciously.

It is possible that the republican party will never elect another president, but no impartial student of history will ever dispute the proposition that it will remain in existence, a power for good or evil, long after this century closes. Under these circumstances can the third party ever succeed? I think not. Radical prohibition Republicans can, by leaving its ranks, permanently drive it from power, but by so doing, they would enable the old bourbon democracy, strengthened by radical whiskey republicans, to tighten its grip on the nation. Would that help the temperance cause? And if so, please tell me how. There are not enough radical prohibitionists--that is those with whom prohibition is the paramount question--in all the parties in any state to constitute a majority. Radicals are always in the minority, and never succeed until they, in some way, secure the support of a portion of the conservative element. With the republican party hopelessly crippled, and doing by the prohibition party what that party has done and is still trying to do by it, would not the saloon element have an indefinite lease of power?

Perhaps some verdant youth will suggest that, in such a contingency, the prohibitionists and republicans could unite and sweep the field. Perhaps so; but would they? On what basis could they unite? Would the prohibitionists who now denounce the republican party more frequently and bitterly than they do democracy, the saloon and the devil combined, vote the republican ticket? Would the republicans under such circumstances, support a ticket nominated by its most abusive enemy? Hardly; and what then? You tell; I cannot.

Some third party men lay the flattering unction to their souls that, although they will never elect a president, they will do good by teaching the Republican party a lesson. This is a mild way of saying we will punish certain friends by refusing to work for them for certain principles and measures, about which we are all agreed because they will not unite with us in favor of either measures they are opposed to entirely, or do not think it the proper time to bring to the front just now. They appear to forget that converts are seldom made by blows in the face, especially when dealt by professed friends. The assailed persons are much more likely, when able to do so, to give lesson for lesson and return blow for blow. Does it ever occur to honest and sensible third party men that the blows they strike fall mainly on friends instead of enemies of their cause? Is it possible that they are ignorant of the fact that everywhere dram sellers urge radical prohibition republicans to join the third party, and taunt them with inconsistency when they refuse to do so? Do they not know that whiskey democrats help to pay their campaign expenses and really regard its members as practically assistant democrats! And what is more, that they are right in doing so? Are they so utterly blinded by childish impatience, or by anger at the failure of others to do their duty, or at their own shortcomings, or by wounded vanity, that they cannot see the one thing essential to their success is concentration? The saloonists have undisputed control of the democratic party, and are steadily drawing their friends into it from all other parties. So long as prohibitionists are seriously divided they will be defeated, and the watchword of the hour should therefore be concentration. The aim of all sincere prohibitionists should be to harmonize, and to do this we must rise above prejudice and not stickle on non-essentials. Is it not easier for fifty men to walk twenty miles than for a thousand men to walk fifteen miles? Is it not easier for the few to go to the many than for the latter to go to the former? Three-fourths of the prohibitionists are republicans, and not one in twenty is a third party man. Shall the nineteen be required to go to the one? Would it not be better to persuade the one-fourth to go to the three-fourths?

Is the republican platform objectionable to the minority? The third party creed is at least almost equally so to the majority. The truth is that few thinking men ever endorse all of the planks of their party platform, without reservation or special interpretations. The language of a platform is of little importance in comparison with the spirit and real object of a party. Let the national republican party once become the acknowledged enemy of the saloon, and most of the sincere prohibitionists from other parties should, and, I think, will join it, in spite of objections to some portion of its platform, and those who do not join it will be more than offset by anti-prohibitionists who will remain in its ranks and vote its ticket. Cannot prohibitionists in other parties do more for the cause by joining the republican party and helping to commit it more entirely to the right, than they can by putting their votes where they know they will not count against the common enemy.

In my judgment the quickest and, indeed, the only way, to secure the triumph of prohibition is through the republican party, but to do this it must, of course, be made an uncompromising enemy of the saloon. Will those who take exceptions to this consider a few facts?

On the old issues, a majority of the people have been and are republicans. The party is now composed of two grand divisions--prohibitionists and anti-prohibitionists--and each of these bodies is again divisible into radicals and moderates.

Radical prohibitionists are those who care even more for prohibition than for the party, while the moderates care most for the party.

Radical antis are those who will abandon the party when it becomes necessary to choose between it and the saloon; while the moderates will stand by the flag, no matter what is the attitude of the party toward the saloons.

It follows, therefore, that wherever the prohibitionists control the republican party, they will poll the votes of all the friends of the cause in the party--the most conservative as well as the most radical--and those of a majority of its opponents also. In some states, the prohibition republican party could succeed without outside help, but in others it would be defeated until earnest prohibitionists from outside joined it, or temperance boys grow into men. That they would soon be thus recruited is altogether probable. Men will join a powerful party for the purpose of securing a desired result, who will not join a weak one that is evidently unable to accomplish it, and a large majority of the young men who are growing up are enemies of the saloon.

This policy of working first in and then through the republican party, which is heartily commended to the republicans of other states, has been tested in Kansas and works well. With one exception, a large majority of the antis have voted for the prohibitionists on republican tickets; and that exception was on account of the individual and not of the principle.

But, says an objectioner, the prohibitionists are stronger in Kansas than elsewhere. That being true, division is all the more dangerous where the cause is weak. Our success is the result of intelligent, persistent, and self-sacrificing work; and prohibition will succeed in any state where its friends follow our example for a series of years--certainly much sooner in this way than in any other. I have no words of defense for the Ohio platform, and am not surprised that Ohio prohibitionists were nauseated by it. But they should remember that they were themselves much to blame. If they had attended the primaries, they could have controlled the convention and made the platform to suit themselves. Having failed to do their duty then, they could not help the matter by practically helping the enemies of honest elections. If I had been a citizen of Ohio, I think I should have written on my ballot, "voted under protest." But I would not have been satisfied with that. I would have decided never again to be found napping when I should be awake. One hour at a primary meeting is often worth more than a week's work at other times and places. This fact is well known and yet millions of "good" people refuse to attend them, and as persistently growl afterwards and lay the blame on the shoulders of others.

Let me, in conclusion, try again to impress on all friends of the cause the undeniable fact that concentration and organization are the chief essentials to success. We must, in some way, unite the great bulk of the friends of the cause, and to this end must bear and forbear. Sometimes, exceedingly plain language has to be used, but when that is the case, it should be done in a right spirit and applied only to those who deserve it.

Republican prohibitionists, especially, should not sweepingly condemn all third party men. As a whole, the latter are as honest as the former. Their error is of the head, not of the heart. They usually have less discretion and political knowledge than zeal and temper--and nothing is more common than for zeal and temper to become so inextricably mixed as to be mistaken, one for the other, and to transform good men into "blind leaders of the blind." I again, therefore, urge all friends of the cause to always be exceedingly careful not to speak so loosely that condemnation deserved by one shall seemingly apply to another.

Personal vanity, ambition, greed, like and dislikes, should, also, as far as possible, be ignored and the success of the cause ever kept uppermost. We should always be on our guard against plausible theories that promise splendid results--sometime in the future--but give the present advantage to the enemy. It is the practical man who accomplishes great results. Are we misjudged, snubbed, or wronged? Let us not grow peevish, fractious, nor soured; but, remembering that the happiness of millions of men, women, and children is at stake, keep at work doing each day what our hands find to do at that time. We are engaged in a war with a terrible monster on whose side are arrayed long established custom, laziness, vicious tendencies, powerful appetites, and hundreds of millions of money. It is indeed a powerful combination, but to meet it we have the disinterested friends of humanity, the lofty aspirations, and generous impulses of youth, the schools and churches of the land, and the God of the Universe. Victory is absolutely certain; but how soon it will be won or how long delayed, will depend upon the spirit and persistency of our labors.




Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The county election Tuesday, Nov. 3rd, is close upon us and it is time that the voters of this county were considering seriously its importance. With Republicans the facts that their ticket is fairly and honestly made and expresses in each candidate the choice of a majority of the party and that their solid and hearty support of its candidate is necessary to the success of Republican principals, are, or ought to be, sufficient reasons why every one of them should be at the polls and vote the straight ticket. What if I do not like one of the candidates and think he is a bad man? Then of course I have opposed his nomination as I had a right to do, but I have submitted my choice to the decision of the Republican convention and it has decided that he is the proper person to nominate and have nominated him, and now, as a Republican, it is my duty to support their decision and not attempt to disrupt the party by opposing my individual opinion to its decision, thus insisting that I know more than the whole Republican party.

To those who care little or nothing for the success of the Republican party and principles, we can truly say that no better ticket than the Republicans have placed before you was ever made in this county by any party. Each and every candidate is a man of tried efficiency, honor, and ability, and is worthy of your support.

We never had a better sheriff than Geo. H. McIntire, and when we say this, we know that we are saying much, for we have been more than once peculiarly fortunate in the election of our sheriffs. Geo. H. has a State reputation for unusual efficiency and honor in the discharge of his duties, and as the law limits him to two consecutive terms, it is of especial interest to this county that he be continued in the office for the remaining two years, and by such a majority as will show the appreciation of our people for his fidelity and valuable services. It would be the height of folly for the voters of this county to substitute an untried man who cannot possibly fully learn the duties of the office in less than two years, in place of one who is already well schooled.

In the next place we have Capt. J. B. Nipp for county Treasurer. He too is limited to two terms by law, and his efficiency and fidelity entitle him to the recognition of a second election. He has now learned the details and duties of the office and has become more valuable to the county than could any new man in the office without a two years tuition. Besides he is one of the ablest workers for the interest of his county and has done noble work in many ways to benefit the county.

Tom Soward is our candidate for a second term as Register of Deeds, and is the big hearted friend and eloquent and powerful advocate of every measure calculated to build up the prosperity of this county. We owe to his earnest efforts the location of the Methodist college in this county and to his efforts are largely due the present prosperity of this county while everywhere else is heard the complaint of suffering and hard times. No more honest, efficient, and deserving public officer is known, and he should be complimented with a second term by an unprecedented majority.

S. J. Smock is our candidate for County Clerk. In education and fitness he is the equal, and in energy, industry, and character the superior of any other candidate. Besides he is especially deserving of the suffrages and help of the patriotic citizens of this county, having sacrificed his best years and his left arm in defense of his country, rendering him unable to make a living by manual labor, yet leaving him amply competent for the duties of the office of County Clerk.

N. A. Haight, our candidate for surveyor, has proved himself an accomplished surveyor, an honorable and efficient officer, and a valuable citizen. Besides, he has the distinction of being the only candidate who knows anything about practical surveying.

Dr. H. L. Wells is well and favorably known in this county and has once held the office of Coroner of this county with credit and honor. He is the only candidate for that office who is known to be efficient.

In the second district the Republican nominee for Commissioner is J. D. Guthrie, of Bolton, one of the most intelligent and level-headed men in the county, and the superior in business ability of his competitor. Besides, he is an honorable, straight-forward man, fully alive to the interests of the people of his district and county. If he is not elected, it will show that the voters of the second district do not comprehend their own interests.

Such is the ticket presented to you. It is a splendid ticket and deserves, and will, we doubt not, be elected throughout by a majority which will express a generous appreciation of their character and services, and we earnestly exhort all their friends, not only to be on hand and vote this ticket, but to see that every friendly voter is brought to the polls and deposits his vote.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

"The Ring in Winfield is composed principally of Messrs. Millington, Greer, Hackney, and Asp, two firms which, for railroad and political purposes, have combined their influences and have been gathering into their control, as much as possible, the public interests of the county. There are other persons who, through necessity perhaps, are connected with and influenced by them, but who are tools rather than principal parts of the ring itself. Mr. Millington stands at the head of an old established paper and consequently possesses influence from this fact. He is or was, an officer of the K. C. & S. W. railroad and while he bitterly fought the D., M. & A. project until compelled by public opinion to surrender, he found no public interests in conflict with his own railroad project. Mr. Greer, his partner, and an employee of the K. C. & S. W. railroad, was made a member of the Legislature by the ring influences, and the voters of the district made the pleasant discovery that they had elected as a man to stand between them and the grasping nature of railroads, a railroad employee. By the same ring influences, Henry Asp was secured the election of county attorney and the voters again discovered that their paid and honored attorney, whose special business it was to guard the many legal interests of the county, was a salaried attorney of the same railroad company." Telegram.

What an astounding discovery? Who would have thought? But personally we feel rather complimented by the alleged composition of the ring. For the information of the Telegram, we will remark, however, that public opinion has not yet compelled us to resign and we are still a director of the K. C. & S. W. railroad. So is Greer, and Mr. Asp is still attorney for the same railroad company. Yes, and we all glory in our shame. We do not think the people of Winfield or of the county are going to "smash" us very badly for the part either of the four have taken in relation to the K. C. & S. W. railroad. The road is an established fact and has already reduced the rates of freight to and from the east twenty per cent. It has built up towns, and is giving Winfield and Arkansas City the biggest kind of booms. It has given employment to our people and laborers at round prices, has stimulated other enterprises, has paid large sums of money to our people for labor, supplies, and right of way, and has made Cowley prosperous in a time when elsewhere is the general cry of hard times. Yes, we are willing to admit that we are in a ring for that purpose. But the ring is much larger than would appear from the Telegram article. It embraces a very large number of men, energetic and active citizens of not only Winfield and Arkansas City, but of other parts of the county. So far as the D., M. & A. is concerned, though not in any way connected with its management, as are some others of our citizens, it has no warmer friends than the above named members of this ring, and later events have proved that our early position in regard to its first proposition to this county was the correct one and worked to the advantage of the project.

Politically this ring is somewhat differently constituted. While there are Democrats prominent in the ring for railroad purposes, they are excluded or exclude themselves for political purposes. But in this phase of the ring, it is much more extensive than in the former, embracing the majority of the voters of the county. In this respect the members of the ring disagree and their differences are settled by the Republican caucuses, when they take hold and work together to carry out the decision. For instance, Hackney disapproved of the candidacy of Greer for Representative last year and neither of the above named members, except himself, did a thing or said a word to help him to the nomination, yet the convention nominated him without their help, and we think his work in the Legislature has justified the convention in its action. Two of the named members supported earnestly the nomination of Capt. Hunt this year, and the two others did not oppose, yet Hunt was not nominated. In short, more frequently than otherwise, the said four members disagree in the choice of candidates for office and work against each other before the nominations are made, but we are happy to say that they invariably work together after the balance of the ring, the Republican party, has made up the tickets.

The attempt to slur Henry E. Asp in that article is simply contemptible. The duties of his office of county attorney are as ably, as faithfully, and as thoroughly attended to as under any former incumbent, and besides this he has done an incredible amount of work to secure our new railroad and to benefit the whole county, and this railroad would not have been built without his unremitting and efficient hard labor and his influence and sleepless nights. This community owes Henry E. Asp too much not to despise those who attempt to cast such slurs on his work. Few have done more to secure the D., M. & A. than Mr. Asp, though his province has been with the K. C. & S. W. The time will come when Henry E. Asp will be appreciated in this county and be honored as he deserves.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The COURIER's exuberant expression of regard for the old soldier is probably caused by the remembrance by the proprietors of that paper of the fearful experiences of their own military service. When the call for volunteers was made, Mr. Millington rushed with patriotic ardor to Fort Scott and commenced a fearful onslaught upon the enemy in the dry goods business. Comrade Greer's warlike bosom even now swells when he hears martial music, and the soldier record he would have made if he had had the opportunity would probably have equaled the record of the heroic Millington. The COURIER troops fought nobly when the cruel war was over. Telegram.

The persons above alluded to do not brag much on their military record. One of them was suppressed by his stern parents on the plea that he was only four years old and two young when the war commenced and his indignant kick against the suppression was of no avail. The other did enlist and served out his time. It was not a very long time nor did he fight any very severe battles. However, he did not go to Fort Scott during the war, but only started that way with the Leavenworth "old men's guards" to repel the Price raid. So long as these two editors did not fight the battles of their country, it is at least proper for them to appreciate and stand by those who did, and this at least they propose to do, but the Telegram men did not do any fighting for their country nor do they make any "exuberant expressions of regard for those who did."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Just at present the Democrats are trying to make capital out of the K. C. & S. W. railway junction, against the Republican nominees for county offices. Our dearly beloved brother and friend, Amos Walton, has tried his hand at it to some extent. We often see him closeted with the genial editor of the Democrat, when but a short time ago they spake not as they passed. What means this lying down together of the lamb and the lion? It means this, Republicans. They are scheming to defeat J. D. Guthrie for commissioner, an honest and capable Republican. He is an Arkansas City man, heart and soul. But pause a moment, Amos, and think. Have you not been at Winfield the greater part of your time lately? Did you warn Arkansas City of her peril? No, you did not. Don't you see you had better keep quiet about the Republican nominees as the tables are turned upon you. Remember this, Democrats, you who are so anxious that some Republicans should "scratch" and vote the Democratic ticket for home. Practice what you preach by "scratching" Amos Walton's name. He is just as much responsible for that branch talked of to Geuda as any of the Republican nominees.

Arkansas City Republican.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

I have $15,000 to loan at 1 per cent in lots of $5,000 or more. G. W. Miller.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

We have plenty evidence that there is a scheme matured by which tickets headed "Republican Ticket" containing the names of most of the Republican candidates, but substituting the names of at least two Democratic candidates, are to be printed and circulated at every poll in the county as genuine Republican tickets. It is to be regretted that there are men in this county so low down in villainy as to be guilty of such a crime, but such is undoubtedly the fact. We hope that Fred Hunt, John W. Ledlie, and Amos Walton are too good citizens to countenance such a fraud, but if such frauds are perpetrated or attempted in their interest, people will believe that they cannot be wholly innocent.

But there is another phase of this matter. The printing of such tickets and the circulation thereof are crimes, punished by law by fine and imprisonment, and the printer who prints them and every man who offers one of them to a voter is guilty of a crime and liable to a fine of five hundred dollars and imprisonment three months. Every man who enters into the scheme in any way is likewise liable for conspiracy to commit crime. The following is the section of law relating to


Sec. 218, page 357, of the compiled laws of Kansas: Any person who designedly gives a printed ticket or written ticket to any qualified voter of this State, containing the written or printed names of persons for whom said voter does not design to vote, for the purpose of causing such a voter to poll his vote contrary to his own wishes, shall on conviction, be adjudged guilty of a misdemeanor and punished by fine not exceeding five hundred dollars or by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding three months, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

We warn such scoundrels that the law will be enforced against them to the limit if it is possible to detect them, and we caution and exhort every honest voter to scrutinize every Republican ballot they see offered to a voter, and if in any manner different from the genuine ticket, cause the man offering it to be arrested on the spot and held for legal prosecution. At least take the names of all persons offering such ballots, and get as many copies of the ballot as possible for further evidence.

It can be found out later who printed the tickets and who conspired to have them printed.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The speech of Hon. Albert Griffin, which has for several days been running by sections in the Daily, now appears in the Weekly entirely, and we would ask our readers to give it a careful perusal. It is to our mind the best and truest exposition of the position of parties in this State, and throughout the north for that matter, in regard to prohibition. It is a powerful and comprehensive speech and expresses our views exactly in every particular, except that we do not see that the governor of this State has made any mistake, particularly in the matter on which Mr. Griffin has criticized him much, that of having refused or neglected to send the militia to Dodge City. We think it would have been a great mistake had he done so. Do not fail to read this grand speech.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Wellington claims to be larger than Winfield in population, business, and everything else, and its one daily, the Press, is the leading asserter of the idea. It has been well said that its newspapers are the truest index of the quantity and quality of business and population of a town, so we will just notice what such indices point out as regards the relative population, business, enterprise, and activity of Wellington and Winfield. The Press is the only Daily of Wellington, being a consolidation of the Press and Wellingtonian, and is edited by one of the ablest, most experienced, and popular editors of the state. It has been said that what Jake Stotler don't know about newspaper business is not worth knowing. If the business was there, Jake would get it, "you bet." THE COURIER is the only Daily in Winfield. The Press is 4 page 6 column, 29 inch, making 480 inches of columns; the COURIER is 4 page 7 column, 22 inch, making 616 inches of column. The Press sets up its editorial and local matter in larger type and 200 m's occupy the same space that 250 m's do in the COURIER editorial and locals. The Press has 244 inches of advertisements including standing and local ads; the COURIER has 394 inches of standing and local ads. The Press does not publish its advertising rates, indicates that it has to take what it can get, to fill up. The COURIER keeps its rates standing at the head of the editorial columns, which indicates that it rejects all ads, which will not pay full rates. The comparative indications are that the Press receives somewhat over one half as much for advertising as does the COURIER. The Press has nearly or quite as much reading matter as the COURIER. The Press is necessarily got up much cheaper than the COURIER, does not cost as much and, therefore, cannot look so well, but the Press is really a wonderfully bright and able paper and a much better paper than its patronage justifies. Judging from the evident support and patronage which these two papers get, one would conclude that Wellington had but little over half the population and business of Winfield. Of course we know there is not that difference, therefore, we have to conclude that Wellington businessmen are not the active, wholesouled, intelligent, and sagacious businessmen we have in Winfield, but are close, contracted, penny wise, and pound foolish. If those of Wellington with whom we have come recently in contact, are fair samples of the businessmen of Wellington, we do not see how the Press can live there at all. Men whose only idea of the use of a newspaper is to give them and their business free puffs and to build up the interests of the town and community without pay from those they work for, do not contribute much toward making a great and prosperous city, and that is evidently one of the reasons that Wellington is so far behind Winfield.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The Wellington Press comes out with a half column article devoted to contradicting our figures of Winfield's improvements for the past year. The editor of that brilliant and reliable sheet has lived in a dull village so long that he can't get it through his befogged pate that a live, rustling city, full of live enterprising citizens, can make rapid and progressive improvements in the way of buildings, both business and residence. He also gives vent to some sore hearted low flings regarding our Methodist college and Imbecile asylum. Wellington as well as other neighboring villages--Wichita, for one, and others we could mention, were we inclined, are still sore, very sore, because they could not muster stamina and wealth enough to secure these institutions, and never lose an opportunity to open their mouths and bawl about it. The Press further expresses a feeling of interest in the welfare of Winfield and THE COURIER, but almost in the same breath derides and ridicules the facts that we published a few days ago. It would certainly surprise the editor of that great battle ax of freedom did we tell him that in our footings of Winfield's improvements, we failed in our rush to mention many valuable buildings which have since come to our notice. It is really a pleasure to live in a live, bustling city like Winfield, Mr. Press, and if you will give your malicious quill a day's rest and devote the time (?) in Winfield, you will discover how to appreciate the fact. Come over.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

DEXTER, KANSAS, OCT. 26, 1885.

To the Editors of THE COURIER, Dear Sirs:--We see a communication in the Telegram of last week charging Dexter Post, No. 133, G. A. R., with passing resolutions denouncing Capt. Haight because he charged us ten dollars for one of the cannon at our reunion, and we will just say, nothing of the kind ever occurred, as the G. A. R. organization is non-partisan, and we believe we have one amongst the best posts in the department of Kansas, and we want to keep up our organization, and to pass any such resolutions, our charter would be taken from us and our post disbanded and the most of us old soldiers would feel aggrieved to be charged with such a thing. Now, as the article referred to, as we believe, was written for electioneering purposes and the Telegram man either knew he was misrepresenting Dexter post, or he does not know as much as a last year's bird's nest about the rites and rituals of the Grand Army of the Republic, whilst the Sons' of Veterans did not think it right to charge us for one of those guns, we do not intend that it shall be used in the present campaign against Captain Haight or anyone else. Those of our post that are Republicans, will vote the Republican ticket, and most of our post that are Democrats will vote the Democratic ticket. Who in the name of God has a better right to vote their sentiment than the men that helped save this nation, let them be Democrat or Republican? Now Mr. Telegram, Dexter post would very respectfully invite you to keep its name out of all petty party quarrels, and oblige the boys of Dexter. We, the undersigned members of Dexter post approve of this article.

Signed, S. H. Wells, J. V. Hines, Sam Nicholson, J. D. Salmon, and John Nichols.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

I noticed quite a nice letter in THE COURIER of Wednesday from Mr. Blanchard. I only wish to add that a few years ago it was very properly conceded by all parties in the north that other things being equal, the fact that a candidate for office had been a union soldier was to be taken to his advantage over a candidate who has not been a soldier. This was right and proper then and it is right and proper now. The man who volunteered in the service of his country as a soldier had and has a superior claim to recognition at the hands of the people who remained at home. The man who went to serve his country at $13 a month, leaving behind him the comforts and quiet of home, encountering the perils of the march, the camp, and the battle has certainly a superior claim to favor over a man who sat by his fireside and read of these things in the papers. Few, if any, men went into the army to make money. They entered the service from patriotic motives and to them should be accorded all proper benefits. Some might say that patriotism is having a market price attached to it. It is true that men went into the army as a matter of patriotism or duty, but the duty was alike to all the men who went as to the man who did not go. But it is not true that they claimed a price for their patriotism. It very ill becomes the man who remained at home in the peace and quiet of his fireside or who being too young to or who for any other reason did not go to say that the soldier has no superior claim on the country. These army associations are not partisan associations, but if they were, why might they not be so in the north as they are in the south. No man in the south or of the south can get an office unless he was a confederate soldier. Service in the confederate army has been a claim for all candidates. The truth is the soldiers of the union have been self-denying in their demand for office. There has not been an election in the north since the war closed at which federal soldiers have not voted for men who were not in the army. How times have changed since the close of the war. Mr. Lamar, the present Secretary of the Interior, who has the final decision of all questions relating to the granting of pensions to union soldiers, was not only a confederate soldier but he resigned his seat in Congress to become a confederate officer. More than fifty brigadier generals were members of the last House of Representatives, and every member of the United States Senate from the States lately in rebellion, was either in the rebel army or in the rebel congress. These are the men who with the dough faces of the north make the laws for the loyal soldiers of the nation, and who pass upon their pensions and the bills in which they have an interest. It ill becomes any man in the north to complain that union soldiers hold their camp fires, have their army organizations, and their re-unions. Has the time come when the Union soldier must apologize for the part he took in the war? I hope not. But soldiers, I do hope that the few chickens that were taken from the enemy by way of business, will not be recorded against you in the big book, but that the Provo guard now on duty at the gates of the new Jerusalem will present arms to you as you come straggling in and tell you that you are welcome to the best they have. P. A. HUFFMAN.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

I. S. Bachelder, of Concordia, Cloud County, writes to the governor tat he has discovered a remedy for the eradication of hog cholera. He states that the disease is a fever, the animal being costive, with a cough and no appetite. His remedy is oil of tar: two-thirds of a tablespoonful to a large hog twice a day, with two drops of carbolic acid; also, it costive, one heaping tablespoonful of sulphur a day in feed. If they will not eat, put it all in water. Keep them in a dry place. Give them a good "smudging" once a day, and sprinkle air-slacked lime in their nests. Mr. Bachelder states that he has cured seven out of nine after they had all the symptoms of the disease. He states that he has tried almost every remedy to no purpose until he tried this. He desires to make his discovery public, and asks only that he may be given credit for the discovery of the remedy.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

J. W. Weeks, the candidate on the Democratic ticket for county surveyor, is comparatively a stranger in this country. He was imported from Missouri by a couple of Udall parties for the purpose of instructing the young ideas of Udall and vicinity how to shoot. From some cause, the school board, after seeing him, concluded his friends were a little too anxious for him and did not hire him. He then offered to teach the kindergarten department at $35 per month, five dollars less than a lady offered to teach it for. The school board couldn't see it and did not hire him. His friends were bound to help him into something, and as the Democrats could not find anybody else, put him on the ticket. He is said to hold a third grade certificate for teaching, and has not been in the county long enough to have a vote.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

If Fred Hunt did not feel like going into a hole and pulling the hole in after him when he read Tom Blanchard's letter?

If the Telegram believes the Democrats will elect anybody this fall?

If the Democrats believe it would be to the interest of this nation to have rum shops on every corner?

If it hasn't been the policy of the Democratic party from the beginning to love rum and hate negroes?

If the Democrats will ever run for office in this county again after being snowed in this fall?


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Mr. W. W. Armitage, architectural draughtsman, No. 402 Montgomery street, San Francisco, California, writes that having a very severe cough, which he found it difficult to remove, he tried Red Star Cough Cure, and after a few doses was completely cured. Encouraged by this remarkable result, he gave it to the young members of his family who were sick from a like cause, and it produced similar effects upon them. He recommends its use in every household.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

It is reported that the east pier of the west bridge across the Walnut near this city is undermined by the action of the water and is in danger of falling. This must be investigated at once and the necessary work done to save the structure as well as to prevent disaster to lives as well as property. The attention of the Vernon trustee is imperatively demanded at once and our City Council must see to it that the matter is attended to without delay.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Attend the polls early and look sharp for fraudulent ballots. Some true and tried Republican whom you know will have genuine ballots at the polls. Examine them carefully and vote only such. If you see any different from them, compare carefully the names of candidates to see if the ballots are frauds and if so, take the names of persons offering them and of those to whom offered, and get copies of the ballots and report to the Republican committee.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

I have a car load of very choice eating apples which we will sell to the trade at less than they can buy elsewhere. J. P. Baden.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Henry Watkins, who was fined $100 and costs for selling liquor on the Fair Grounds, during our Fair, was indicted by the U. S. Grand Jury at Leavenworth for selling without government license. He is now languishing out a thirty day sentence and his delinquent costs, in our "jug." After we get through with him, the U. S. Marshal will take him in tow. Henry, with a silvery tear dimming his left eye, can cry out with the book of all books, "Verily, the way of the transgressor is hard."

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The first instalments of the subscriptions to the M. E. College of the Southwest Kansas Conference has been called for by the treasurer, M. L. Read, and is being paid in with a promptness always the result of such enterprise as Winfield contains. The College trustees have fully complied with their share of the contract.


Newsy Notes Gathered by The "Courier's" Corps of Neighborhood Correspondents.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.


Mr. Bonifield is erecting a new barn.

The whistle of the threshing machine is still heard.

W. L. Burton's new residence is nearly completed.

Jim Cottingham and Dick Shafer have gone out west.

William Baird was home on a short visit last week.

Monroe Curfman has treated himself to a new buggy.

H. N. Curfman was down from Wichita a few days ago.

Messrs. Sidel and Fletcher are now entertaining friends from the east.

Preaching at Fairview schoolhouse every two weeks at 4 p.m., by Rev. Knite.

A short time ago while R. A. Morgan was plowing with Mr. Orr's team, the horses became frightened and ran away, running into the barbed wire fence. Luckily the team was not seriously injured.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Mr. H. G. Norton spent Saturday and Sunday in Winfield.

Mr. Cliff Rockwell sold his house to Mr. McPherson last week.

Mr. W. S. Rigden drove up to Winfield Saturday and returned Sunday.

Mr. Combs and family left Friday for Arkansas City, to make it their future home.

Mr. Yates, the blind man, delivered two very interesting lectures in our city, last week.

Quite a number of the young men from Burden were in our city Sunday. Come again.

Link Branson and Will Barcelow took a drove of cattle to Eureka last week, and will bring another drove back this week.

Miss Alice Harden, of Burden, came down on the train Friday evening and remained until Monday morning with Miss Laura Elliott.

The oyster supper given at the schoolhouse on last Friday night by the mite society was quite a success. A number from Burden, Dexter, and Cambridge were present and all had a lively time.

The mite society met with Mattie Rittenhouse Saturday night, and owing to the rain, there were but few present. Will meet at the schoolhouse next Saturday night. Everybody come.

Misses Sally and Lollie Haygood left Tuesday week for their home near Rich Hill, Mo. They are jolly girls and we were sorry to lose them from our society circle, but best of friends must part. Bob and Jim will follow them some time soon.

Married at the home of the bride's parents, on Tuesday, Oct. 20th, Mr. F. L. Darrow and Miss Lizzie Higbee. The happy couple, with Mr. J. E. Higbee and wife and Sally and Lolly Haygood left on the 6:30 train for Schell City, Mo., their future home. On Tuesday evening they were given a grand reception at the home of the groom's parents, and a delightful time reported. May Mr. and Mrs. Darrow live a long and happy life, is the wish of "Dan."


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Wm. Schwantes and wife spent Sunday with her parents.

Mrs. J. F. Martin is having a set of teeth put up by Dr. Bull.

Several of our neighbors are losing their chickens with cholera.

The widow Foose was at Winfield Saturday. She had a pleasant day for the drive.

Wheat looks fine in this vicinity, but the farmers are not all done seeding yet.

Uncle Joe Hassel believes in keeping his stock warm. He is putting up a warm stable.

Threshing wheat is the order of the day. This week will finish up the work for Bethelites.

Bob Weekly has brought home his herd of sheep, and has hired Jack Paul for the winter.

Mrs. Hanna has got her new carpet from the weaver and has already pressed it into service.

Adam Sipe and wife took their new boy to Winfield on the 23rd. Adam appears quite youthful.

Mrs. Maggie Robinson and family, of El Dorado, are here visiting with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Mentch.

The Noble Red Man has visited every house in this vicinity begging money, wheat, or chickens. Who will scare them away?

Bob Weakly and wife have returned from Harper and speak well of that city. They brought some sweet potatoes home with them, one of which weighs four pounds.

The young people had a social at B. D. Hanna's on the 22nd ult., it being the anniversary of Miss Laura's 17th birthday. All enjoyed themselves immensely, especially when the refreshments were brought around.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The Home department of the weekly Inter-Ocean, of October 1st, leads off with the following from the pen of one of Cowley's lady writers, and will be read with interest by her many friends here.


"When God first built a home and formed the first family of which we have any knowledge he put the man to work, afterwards providing him with a helpmeet. They got along nicely until mother Eve went to gathering apples, and this being rather out of woman's line of business brought on trouble. And I do not see how any of her many daughters in the age of the world can be the happy, cheerful wife, faithful, right kind of a mother, useful member of intelligent society, builder of a noble, interesting home, at the same time acting as cook for her family, hired man, and company, seamstress, chamber-maid, do all the washing and ironing; in fact, all the house work, and then feel it is her lot to procure the fuel, eatables, milk the cows and chore about the barn. There are such homes; and here is where the reformation is most needed, and where the cry comes forth: 'Oh, tell me how to condense work.' If the dear sisters who are thus occupied had minds and hearts smaller and of less ability to ennoble, enlighten and happify others, they might drudge on uncomplainingly and without sympathy. But the very fact that they are at their post toiling faithfully for others, convinces us of their unselfish nobleness of soul, and it is to their encouragement that we devote this hour of leisure. The first lesson you must learn is to stop working so hard and ask yourself these questions: Is there not a better life for me than the one I am living? Did God place me here to become a constant toiler? Am I doing right to crowd out everything bright, cheerful, intellectual and much that is social, and in a few short years weaken, sicken, die and leave a little family at the mercy of those who will never care for it with a mother's love? When it is too late the father and husband can see clearly that over-work made his house one of mourning indeed. I have known young ladies whose girlhood days were passed in going to school and teaching school. They were first in the temperance cause, workers in the church and sabbath school, always at the weekly prayer meetings, bright in society, and for years weekly contributors to different papers and periodicals. They married, moved to a new country, exchanged old friends for strange faces, entered, as it were, a new world. Farm life, with its over-work, has robbed them of nearly everything once enjoyed, and if it were not for a congenial companion and hope of better days, life would lose most of its charms. God or his angel said first to the woman, 'Go tell of the risen Savior,' and if our sex ages ago was worthy to carry tidings of a risen Savior, she should by this time be far above the ordinary household drudge, and she is and will be. If the men need from one to three, yes, sometimes (on threshing days) twenty-three hired men, extra help should, by all means, come into the kitchen. Wives and mothers must look out a little for themselves and care for themselves. If some of them do not, no one else will do it for them. MRS. J. A. RUPP.


Kansas The Garden Spot of the World--The Home of the Man of Small Capital!

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

That Kansas is the place for a man of small means as well as the man of capital, there is no question. Her thousands of acres unsettled and untitled by the horny fisted sons of toil, can be made the comfortable and productive homes of hundreds and hundreds of industrious and enterprising agriculturists--can be made little paradises for the men of families who have the nerve and goaheaditiveness to go in to win the race in the rush and struggle for existence in this bee hive: the west. Uncle Sam's domain is broad and fertile and the man who invests the necessary pre-emption amount, stays with his investment and improves his little tract, will find himself the possessor, in a few short years--ten or fifteen, at the most, of a snug little fortune and be living in luxury and affluence. It has been said that "westward the star of Empire pulls her freight." This is a true saying in every sense of the term. The streets of Winfield are almost daily thronged with the proverbial prairie schooner, and nearly all seem to be pulling for the new west while some, of course, stop in Cowley, the occupants being captured by her charming valleys and rich fields. Cowley County can show advantages that are unparalleled and which the shrews easterner is not slow to perceive when he lands here. Cowley, and Kansas in general, has a climate that is the most conducive and genial to the highest state of vegetation and agriculture. It is a stock growing district unexcelled in this broad union. A man can have the choice of being one of the richest farmers as well as the most thrifty stock raiser. Come to Cowley, or to Kansas at any rate, ye crowded and pent up easterners, where you can spread your wealth as well as your lungs and grow fat and influential. Come to Kansas young men of the east, "and grow up with the country," go to the legislature and to congress, become presidents and bloated bondholders. Kansas is a mighty big country and fortune and fame awaits hundreds of men here. Enterprises are awaiting the man of capital here. There is room and need of a canning factory in our city; we need and should have a woolen factory; a pork packing establishment is another institution that would be a big paying investment for the man who knows how to conduct the business. With our present railroad facilities, freight rates are bound to grow less--much less, thereby lessening the price of coal, which is the bane at present of all southern Kansas manufacturers, giving the advantage of the reduction of freight rates and of coal to the interest of Cowley County and would be well patronized by Cowley people. Our people are awake to their interests and the proper aid would be given to anyone or all three of these institutions if assurances were given that they were in men's hands who would carry the matter to successful operation. We say to the eastern capitalists, who are pining for something in which to invest their idle "lucre," come to Cowley and Winfield. The door is open, you can walk in and be at home.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Messrs. Waltermeyer & Son were in the city Tuesday and presented Winfield a proposition to erect a canning factory here. They propose to erect a building one hundred feet square one story with two story front, equipped with all modern machinery and of capacity to employ an average of two hundred hands the year around and five hundred in the busy season. Their employees are not skilled laborers, but are men, women, and children of the community. Their proposition is that the city shall furnish them the ground, donate them five thousand dollars, and loan them five thousand more for five years, three years without interest. They own and now operate canning factories in Baltimore, Maryland, and in Atchison, this state, and do an immense business. They will prepare to use about all the produce of every description that can be raised in the county and will employ all the loose labor at hand. It strikes us at first thought that this might be a better investment than a city building, as this is about as desirable a manufacturing industry as we can secure. The gentlemen have been in this business for years and their goods have an immense market and a high standing as attested by the numerous medals and premiums which they exhibit. They will furnish the market for all we raise and employment for our labor to put it in marketable shape. We suggest that the mayor call a public meeting to consider this matter.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

During the fair it was suspicioned that a party calling himself Jim Jones was disposing of the ardent spirit upon the grounds. Jones got wind of it and slipped out between dark and daylight. Marshal McFadden kept still and kept a keen scent for his whereabouts. He largely discovered that he was in Wichita and swore out a warrant for his arrest, and gave the same to U. S. Marshal Burke, who brought him down Saturday and lodged him in our jail. Jones went by the name of T. M. Miller in Wichita. His real name is said to be J. J. Johnson, and that he is wanted in Missouri for killing his brother-in-law, for which there is $300 reward. Johnson was a quiet, able bodied man while here, and seemed to be a good natured, quiet man. He is certainly now in a close box, and will probably be dealt with severely by the rigid hand of the law.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The Teachers Association at Arkansas City last Saturday was well attended and the full program as published in THE COURIER some time ago was carried out. There were some forty or more of the teachers of this county present. Those who attended from here were Misses Fannie and Jessie Stretch, Gregg, Mary Berkey, Josie Pixley, and Flo Campbell, Supt. A. H. Limerick, and Profs. Wood and Inskeep. They report a delightful time and say the meeting was quite interesting as well as very profitable. We did not learn where the association decided to have their next meeting.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

J. J. Carson's brother will ship his fine Jersey stock to this place about November 1st. Those desiring fine stock will do well to see these, as they are from the finest herd in Kentucky.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The case of the state against Clarence Murdock came up in Justice Blackman's court Monday and he was cleared. He was charged with selling diseased sheep to James C. Bowlin. Eight or more witnesses were examined, about equally divided for and against the state. There is a heavy penalty attached to this kind of business and it was lucky for Mr. Murdock that he cleared himself of the charge.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

L. D. Latham & Co. will not be responsible for any order, discharge, or time checks issued by their employees until countersigned by Wm. D. Carey, Paymaster.

L. D. Latham & Co., contractors K. C. & S. W. railroad.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Judge L. D. Thoman's resignation as Civil Service Commissioner has been accepted by the President.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

A fight has taken place on the frontier of Montenegro between Albanian and Montenegrin troops. Three Albanians and six Montenegrins were killed.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The stockholders of Montoup mill at Fall River, Massachusetts, which has been idle for several months and is heavily in debt, have resolved to wind up the concern.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

M. Matice, Governor of Drutecas, Servia, has been murdered. The crime grew out of the political agitation. Several persons have been arrested in connection with the murder.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

A vein of rich looking ore was recently discovered near Atlanta, Texas, by J. W. Adams and Dr. Hornidy. Prof. Paul Fraugena, to whom a sample of the mineral was sent, reported that the ore assayed $200 per ton in gold and $150 in silver.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

John McCullough, the demented tragedian, who was brought from the Bloomingdale insane asylum, New York, to his home in Philadelphia recently in a pitiable condition, is reported to have been perceptibly improved by the change to his own home.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

A sensational arrest was made in Boston recently, Mrs. Emma Coolidge being charged with conspiracy to murder Mrs. Charles J. Mellen, a young Irish woman, who had married into a wealthy Baltimore family, and being widowed, was heiress to considerable property.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The fourth explosion on street car tracks in St. Louis occurred on the night of the 26th, on the Mound City road. There were no passengers in the car. The driver was knocked over and a car wheel was demolished. Rewards were offered for the capture of the perpetrators of these outrages.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

ST. LOUIS, October 16. A letter to the Globe-Democrat, from El Paso, Mexico, says there is a good deal of private talk among the intelligent and property owning Mexicans in Chihuahua in favor of annexation to the United States of the northern tier of Mexican States. No open movement has yet been made nor has the press touched the subject, but the letter asserts that there is a strong undercurrent running among the class above named in favor of linking their destiny to that of the great Northern Republic.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

ROCK SPRINGS, A. T., October 26. All reports of a recent raid upon the Chinese here are sensation and untrue. There has been no organized demonstration of any kind though one or two Chinamen who ventured out alone after night have been assaulted and a gang of Chinese section men were frightened from their homes Wednesday night by a gang of half a dozen small boys, who threw coal against the building occupied by them. Everything is quiet and there is no real reason to apprehend further trouble.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

WASHINGTON, October 26. A report has been received by the Secretary of the Navy from Rear Admiral McCauley at Panama, stating that everything is quiet there. Work on the canal is at a standstill. At the Pacific end for a distance of one mile from Colon, one-half of the depth and less than the width of the cutting has been excavated.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

READING, PA., October 26. A freight train was wrecked last night at Warnersville by the breaking of an axle and fifteen cars were smashed in splinters. Patrick H. Troy, a brakeman, was crushed to death, and several other trainmen were injured, but not seriously.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

BUCHAREST, October 26. More definite reports have reached here of the first fight between the Servians and Bulgarians. It was more than a mere skirmish, as over one hundred Bulgarians and Servians were either killed or wounded. A pitched battle is imminent.


FRANK H. GREER, Local Editor.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Married at the residence of J. L. Higbee, Miss Lizzie Higbee to Fred L. Darrow, of Schell City, Mo., by Rev. Childs, Oct. 20. There were present Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Higbee, of Schell City, Mo., brother of the bride, Miss Ida Straughn, of Cambridge, Lottie and Sallie Haygood, Laura Elliott, Low and Mattie Wilson, Eva Reynolds, Mattie Rittenhouse, and Ida Hemenway, all of Torrance. Gentlemen: Robert Haygood, Will and Ab Taylor, Link Branson, Chas. Elliott, H. G. Norton, Col. Reynolds, and Will Barr, of Torrance, and Thomas Jones, of Cambridge. The bridal party left for Schell City, Mo., where they will make their future home. The groom is a young man of noble character and habits, and has a fine prospect of future advancement. Mrs. Darrow will be missed by her many friends she leaves behind, and who wish her success and long life. The following are some of the presents: J. L. Higbee and wife, $25 in gold; Mr. Fred Darrow, gold necklace; Gene and Bettie Higbee, silver butter dish; Charles King, breast pin; Mrs. King, gold bracelets; David Higbee, set dishes; Ad Higbee, scrap book; Laura Elliott, set napkins; Eva Reynolds, pin cushion.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The Arkansas City Republican of Saturday says that 1,014 voters have registered in that city and claims that this registration indicates that A. C. is the largest city in Cowley County. THE COURIER reported on the same day the registration of Winfield, 1,213, which seems to tell another story. Taking into consideration the fact that citizens of Arkansas City kept hacks running with able canvassers bringing in the voters to register for a week or ten days previous to Saturday at an expense of six to nine dollars per day, and that Winfield citizens did not spend any time or money to get voters to register, we may safely conclude that A. C. registered about her whole voting population, say all but 36, making a total number of voters 1,050, as the Republican claims, and that Winfield, had she taken the same course, could have registered 300 more, leaving 42 unregistered, which together would make 1,575 voters. Then if A. C.'s population is five times 1,050 or 5,250, as the Republican claims, Winfield's population is five times 1,575 or 7,875, and this is very nearly the relative population of the two cities. Arkansas City is a great, prosperous, and growing town about two thirds as large as Winfield.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Why do Kansas newspapers ignore the grand fact that the Cowley County fruit exhibit at the late Cowley County Fair was sent to the Indiana State Fair at Indianapolis, and there took the second prize, all of which the commission in charge sold the Cowley exhibit to Michigan parties, who took it to the St. Louis exposition, and there exhibited it as Michigan fruit and took the first premium against all competitors in one of the best displays ever exhibited? Is not this some glory for Kansas as well as Cowley County?

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

One Professor Davis went up to New Salem last week and while gazing at the blue ethereal atmosphere which envelops that thriving city, fell into a hole that had been drilled for a well. A committee of leading citizens pulled him out and a small boy helped to scrape the mud off the distinguished gentleman's person. The boy was mad and said he proposed to go fishing the next time a man came to town whose brains were so heavy that they pulled his nose up toward the moon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

"The Arkansas City railroad imbroglio has had one good effect already. It is removing the super abundance of stomach from beneath Candidate Nipp's vest. If the brilliant young man of THE COURIER could see it (the result), he would rejoice greatly thereat, and marvel much."--Telegram.

Don't expatiate on what you never had, or never will, Bro. Seaver. A man so thin as not to be able to tell whether he has the back ache or the stomach ache is no judge of such matters.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The people of Winfield owe much to Henry Asp for his perseverance in sticking to his hobby, the K. C. & S. W. road, until it is now a reality. If the people of the hub are up to snuff, they will not let his services go forgotten. The same might be said of Charlie Black for the deep interest he has and is taking in the D., M. & A. road. These two roads are of great importance to the County. Udall Sentinel.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The depot building at Latham, on the K. C. & S. W., will be moved next week four or five hundred yards up the track, and the city of Tolles will be taken up bodily and placed some half a mile this way in order to make it a commercial center. Fred Kropp will hitch next week. Fred has moved almost everything in the last few weeks, but this is the first town he has unseated.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The Horticultural Society will meet at Curns & Manser's office, at 1 o'clock, on Saturday, Nov. 7th. This will be an important meeting and a huge attendance is expected. In view of the past season's experience, the question of what apples, etc., shall we plant? Will be discussed. Come and bring samples of fruit with you. J. F. Martin, Pres.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

W. J. Bonnewell has left with us specimens of apples that will beat anything that was in the collection that was sent to Indianapolis in size and beauty. They were raised on his farm in Vernon, about eight miles west of this place. He was so used to big apples that he did not consider it worthwhile to take such specimens to the fair.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Charles J. Peckham, of the D. M. & A., took dinner at the Brettun. He has just returned from a meeting of the D., M. & A. directory at Kansas City, and reports the dampness thrown in the way of building their road is of no consequence and that the road will be pushed through at once.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

A man walking the streets Sunday togged in a linen suit, duster, and all, was the occasion of considerable comment. He seemed to be in his element, however, and was all unconscious of the merry remarks his "out-of-the-season" costume caused.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The copious rain of Saturday night made the streets so muddy that it is difficult for vehicles to get around. This is splendid wheat weather though, giving the wheat a chance to get a good start before the hard winter sets in.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Milton Hite and J. M. Stafford have entered into a partnership in the real estate business. This will make a strong firm. Their place of business will be in the suite of rooms formerly occupied by the Tribune as editorial rooms.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

We hear of very numerous Republicans who have received copies of the letter to Blanchard begging their votes. The letter seems to have been stereotyped, and if all the Republicans he sent it to should vote for him, he would get there sure.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Whiting Bros. have a bran, splinter new meat block, 4½ feet in diameter. Cap. made a special trip into the Territory to get it, and it is a good one. It is warranted to make meat tender and juicy.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The addition to the Winfield National Bank is beginning to assume a finished appearance. It is now being plastered, and will make a set of elegant offices for most anything.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

In probate court Friday, William A. Weaverling was granted letters of administration on the estate of Margaret J. Weaverling.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

I have several car loads of choice Iowa Potatoes, which I will sell at close figures.

J. P. Baden.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The K. C. & S. W. have about completed their stock yards near the bridge over Timber.


Her Chronicle of the Comings, Goings and Doings of Persons at Home and Abroad.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Misses Lida and Stella Lash, from Indiana, nieces of R. Ammon, are visiting him.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

J. O. Caldwell and Ira A. Mardis, of Geuda, were up Friday, taking dinner at the Brettun.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Miss Hattie Andrews is down with quinsy. Miss Minnie takes her school for a few days.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Peter Brane, H. B. Hedges, and J. P. Henderson returned from the wild and wooley west Friday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

John Fuller, of Walnut township, came in Friday from Kingman, where he has been for the past six weeks.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Don't vote for any man by the name of Ledlie, or Hunt, or Thompson, or Hite, or Weeks, or Tandy, or Walton.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

G. M. Gardner, administrator of the estate of Wm. Whitted, made his annual settlement in the same Saturday.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Wm. H. Jones, from Ohio, a friend of Dr. Evans, has bought two lots in College Hill and is going to build soon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

E. Huntley and family leave Monday for Los Angeles, California, to make it his home. Winfield will be sorry to lose Mr. Huntley.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Charles Rempe has just returned from Ohio, bringing with him Jacob Singer, a wealthy citizen of that state.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Archie Dunn, C. H. Searing, C. G. Thompson, and H. G. Benley were up from the Terminus Monday refreshing the inner man at the Brettun.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Mrs. A. F. Cobean, of Wellington, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. Herpich, has been quite sick for a few days at her father's home, on south Fuller.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Robt. L. Maddux and Julia McGuire and A. E. Smith and Mary McGaughy were granted the documents Saturday to tread the waves of matrimonial bliss and woes.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. Joe Harter left Sunday for St. Louis on the S. K. Mr. Harter will lay in a stock of drugs and purchase the fixtures for his new store room while absent.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

A. H. Gladden, from Indianapolis, Indiana, an old friend of S. P. Strong, of Rock, dropped in on us Saturday. He is looking for a good location for a hardware store.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

H. N. Jarvis and family left Monday for Los Angeles, California, to make it their home. We are sorry to lose Mr. Jarvis and family, but our loss will be California's gain.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

S. C. Smith has been running a line on Main street for the purpose of getting a bearing on the Vandeventer tract, which is being laid off as the Vandeventer addition.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Dr. Lippincott's sermons were listened to Sunday by large audiences both morning and evening. The Doctor is a fluent and impressive speaker, and he was highly appreciated by our people.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Since our report of the improvements of Winfield, since spring opened, we find that the estimate is considerably deficient, from the fact that numerous and valuable improvements were not mentioned.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Mr. and Mrs. W. L. Hunt were recipients of a son last Saturday night of the regulation size and weight, and are happy beyond comparison. Dr. Marsh is responsible for this item and we have not smoked.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Deputy Sheriff, Tom Harrod, was up here last Saturday morning, posting up election notices in Ninnescah and Maple townships. Tom is a good, square dealing boy, and is well liked wherever he goes. Udall Sentinel.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Mrs. Mary Ann Lee, of Vernon, died last Tuesday, aged 81 years and eight months. She was buried in the Vernon cemetery on Wednesday last. She was mother of twelve children among which is Wm. Mock, of Vernon.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Dr. States, who has been with us for the past six months, left Tuesday for Ohio to reside. The Doctor is one of our most prominent physicians and we are sorry to lose him. We wish him abundant success in his new field.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

E. Cookson, Dan Roberts, and John Cochran have procured the necessary machinery, and will go into the business of rendering hogs, for the fat that is in them. Hogs are dying all over the county and they will fry them out to get the oil.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Col. J. M. Johnson, of Fayetteville, Arkansas, is visiting his son, A. P. Johnson, of this city. He was Colonel of the First Arkansas Infantry and fought for the Union during the war, and is yet hale and hearty and looks but little older than A. P.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Chas. V. McDaniel, superintendent of the telephone exchange, writes from Wichita that he is on hand with men to commence the construction of the connecting lines of the telephone circuit, embracing Winfield, Wellington, Wichita, and other towns.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Mrs. Mautz and Miss Flora Snyder, aunt and sister of Rev. J. H. Snyder, of this city, left on the S. K. Monday for their home in Illinois, after a visit of four weeks. They were very much pleased with our city and county and will probably invest in property here.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

John H. Reed, of Reed & Oliver, is all broke up, with a grin on his face from ear to ear. It is a big fine boy, pulling the scales at ten pounds. This is the first and Mr. Reed feels as though he was worth $100,000. We wish John H., the boy, and Mrs. John H. a happy time.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

A. H. Doane has lost one of his black ponies. It showed no sign of sickness up to a few minutes before it dropped dead. It was eating hay and all at once dropped, giving no warning. Mr. Doane and family are all broke up over this misfortune, as the pony cannot be replaced.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Married at the residence of E. L. Wilson at Akron, by Rev. J. O. Campbell of Arkansas City, Mr. J. M. Maxwell, of Arkansas City, and Miss Lillie Wilson, of Akron, on Thursday evening, Oct. 22nd. THE COURIER pitches the old shoe after the happy pair and sends its hearty congratulations.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Conductor H. B. North, of the K. C. & S. W., was the recipient of an elegant silver lantern last week, a present from some of his eastern railroad friends. "Hub" is an accomplished railroad man, affable, and accommodating, and will make the new road popular with the traveling public.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Little Pearl, six-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Frazee, died Tuesday morning with membranous croup. She was a bright little child and the parents are almost stricken by her untimely death. The funeral will be held from the residence, 1504 South Fuller street, Wednesday, at 2 o'clock.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Mr. L. M. Williams and wife returned Monday from Enfield, New Hampshire, where Mrs. Williams has been spending the summer. Mr. Williams was all over the New England states while away and had a splendid time, carrying a metropolitan air with his usual grace and dignity.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Capt. Sinnott, who has for so long been our efficient deputy county clerk, left Monday to permanently reside in Arkansas City, where he has been appointed postmaster. He assumes the duties of the office next Monday. The citizens of Arkansas City will find in Capt. Sinnott, though a Democrat, an official who will undoubtedly give them satisfaction.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Tell W. Walton, the heavy man of the Caldwell Journal, A. M. Colson, a prominent businessman, and Mayor Bailey, of Caldwell, also F. A. Hunt, a prominent citizen of South Haven, were in the city Monday and paid THE COURIER a pleasant visit. Tell Walton was at one time one of the boys here and is known by many. They returned today.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Mr. W. J. Wash left Tuesday for Beaumont, from where he goes to Wichita and there meets a party of gentlemen who are going to Clark and Meade counties to locate claims. Mr. Wash has been one of the bridge contractors on the K. C. & S. W. railroad and is a pleasant gentleman. We wish the party unlimited success in their western venture.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

A committee consisting of G. L. Gillard, W. E. Rash, J. P. Garnett, Wm. A. Ferguson, S. Severt, J. Hoskins, L. O. Hinson, L. L. Hicks were down from Tolles Thursday, stopping at the Central. Tolles is a new town on the K. C. & S. W. R. R. They were here for the purpose of consulting the officials of the road in regard to putting in a depot and switch in their neighborhood.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Mrs. Helen M. Gougar has returned to her home in Lafayette, Indiana. Her "write up" of this city and county has appeared in the Inter Ocean and shows her enthusiastic appreciation of this section and its people. In short, her enthusiasm has seen Mr. Gougar and a party of friends to visit us with a view to investment and possible settlement here. They are expected to arrive in a day or two.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

We were told last Saturday by Chas. Black, Secretary of the D., M. & A. road, that work was to commence Monday of this week to set the grade stakes on the D. M. & A. line from the Arkansas river through Udall to Winfield. Also that the right-of-way would not be condemned, but the secretary or someone appointed by him would settle personally with the land owner for the damage done him by the road passing through his land. So be of good cheer, Oh ye of little faith. Udall Sentinel.

So mote it be.

[Note: I had hoped to give the next article, which I thought would be of much interest, but something happened to the "microfilm" on this article. I almost had a complete "white-out" on most items. All I can do is either guess or leave blank the names that were given. The figures were legible. Whoever set this article also had problems and quite often indicated the first name as . Doubt if this article will prove useful. MAW]


Her Prosperity Unexcelled!


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The reporter mounting a steed sallied forth early Friday morning to take an inventory of the improvements and new buildings which have gone up since the season opened, and the ones under construction at the present time. Being rushed, we are satisfied many have been overlooked. The valuation given is below the market value rather than above. The following list we know will surprise our own citizens.

M. E. College $100,000

Imbecile Asylum 75,000

N. M. Powers' residence 5,000

M. E. Church 1,000

W. R. McDonald residence 1,000

Fred Blackman, residence 1,000

Captain Dressie, residence 1,000

W. H. P. Fisher addition 800

W. B. Kelley, addition 500

George Dresser, residence 2,000

Meech [?], residence 800

J. R. Clark, addition 1,000

Charles Cassell [?], residence 800

Shinn, residence 600

H. C. Buford, residence 3,000

C. W. Callison, residence 1,000

Baptist Parsonage addition 1,000

Wm. Mears [?], addition 800

Mrs. Parke [?], addition 1,500

C. W. Paris, addition 2,500

George Buff [?], addition 1,000

J. J. Hass [?], addition 500

Jos. Abramson, addition 300

H. B. Sander [?], residence 6,000

Geo. L. , residence 3,000

S. H. Crawford, residence 1,000

Frank brook [?], residence 1,000

Ed Bartine [?], residence 800

, residence 500

W. T. Merna [?], residence 800

, residence 500

W. A. Leach, residence 700

McClennon [?], residence 600

Andrew Walck, residence 600

Andrew Walck, residence 600

Charley Seacat, residence 1,000

H. S. Hines, residence 1,200

Dougherty & Tilford coal office 800

J. C. McMullen, office 800

Frank Finch [?], residence 1,000

Central School Building, addition 14,000

L. Klauser, residence 3,200

L. Klauser, residence 2,500

James Warner [?], residence 3,000

Cap Nipp barn 500

W. P. Hackney, improvements 2,000

W. T. Madden, residence 1,000

W. A. Lee, addition 1,000

J. W. Bachelder store 1,000

Mrs. Kedy, addition 800

Laycock & Hedges, residence 1,000

P. H. Albright, residence 4,000

E. Huntley [?], residence 2,500

C. E. Fuller, residence 3,000

J. M. Wells [?], residence 3,500

Peter Curclo [?], residence 3,000

B. Palmer, barn 500

Samuel Dalton, residence 2,000

W. H. Brooks, residence 1,200

A. Defenbaugh, residence 2,000

Geo. Flickinger [?], residence 1,000

Henry Goldsmith, improvements 1,000

Winfield National Bank, addition 10,000

Mater's shop 800

C. D. Ewing, residence 1,200

John Crane, residence 2,500

D. Mater, residence 1,000

Holmes & Son store 10,000

Holmes & Son coal and ice yard 4,000

Major Fikes [?], residence 1,200

H. H. J. Johnson, residence 5,000

D. Gramm, residence 2,500

J. W. Cuthbert, residence 1,000

R. S. Wilson, residence 5,000

Irv Randall, store 8,000

Commercial Hotel addition 8,000

W. E. Stolp, residence 2,500

Mr. Olin, residence 2,000

Mr. Olin, residence 1,000

Alexander & Kirk mill 12,000

Shaw Lumber yard, addition 1,000

Sam Myton store 25,000

Cochran, residence 3,000

P. Powell, residence 5,000

E. Willis, residence 1,000

L. W. Kendall, residence 1,000

Joe Maus, residence 2,500

S. E. Ross, residence 1,500

Ernest Reynolds, addition 1,000

Cap Siverd, addition 800

J. W. Schibley, residence 2,000

Mrs. Johnson, barn 300

H. E. Silliman, residence 8,000

Mrs. A. Silliman, residence 8,000

B. F. Wood, addition 1,000

A. H. Doane, residence 1,500

Lovell Webb, residence 1,500

Ed Beeny, residence 3,000

D. Kretsinger, addition 1,000

J. Norton, residence 800

Henry Brown, barn 800

Judge Turner, residence 1,500

Tom Wright, residence 1,000

Mrs. Carnine, residence 1,500

James Parker, residence 2,500

Mrs. Prichard, residence 5,000

A. B. Snow, residence 1,200

Mr. Morehouse, residence 1,500

K. C. & S. W. R. R. depot

Total: $536,300

Here we have a grand total of over one half million of dollars and the building boom is just commencing. There will be any number of new houses started in the next few weeks. In this statement we have not taken into consideration repairs such as painting, papering, and small repairs. We have not considered our new railroad, which has brought much cash into our midst, nor the stone quarries around town which put hundreds and hundreds of dollars into circulation monthly, nor our brick and tile works. We can safely say that taking these last interests, the sum would be swelled into over a million of dollars which has been placed in this city since spring opened. Our manufactories also would swell this statement. We defy any city in Kansas of comparative size to show such a record. There is hardly a day but strangers tell us "you have the liveliest town we've seen anywhere." We believe this to be a fact. Our resources--are immense. Our population will be doubled in the next five years, so we boom. Let the good work go on.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The following are the real estate transfers filed in the office of Register of Deeds since our last issue.

Henry W Blaisdell and Catharine Blaisdell to Zerelda W Dewitt, lots 4 and 5 of nw qr sec 30 tp 32 s r 3e-50-30-100 acres: $500

A A Newman and T H McLaughlin to Harriet A Crocker, lots 3, 4 and 5, blk 76, Arkansas City: $225

William Stearman to James K Miller, se qr 3-34s-r7: $800

Stephen A Bendure and wife to Benjamin A Bendure, w hf of w hf ne qr 36-33s-r5e, containing 40 acres: $600

Eugene R Loomis and wife to J C McMullen, e hf ne qr sec 20 and w hf nw qr 21-33s-r6e: $1,000

John C Metzger to Emanuel Klausen, lot 4, blk 268, Fuller's ad to the city of Winfield: $250

E A Goodrich and wife to J C McMullen, se qr 17-34s-r6e: $1,000

Fannie Clark Headrick to Geo D Headrick, lots 7, 8, and 9, blk 287, Thompson's 3rd ad to Winfield: $1,750

H N Jarvis and wife to William H Day, n hf lots 8 and 9, blk 105, Loomis' ad to Winfield: $2,000

Emanuel Klausen and wife to John C Metzger, lot 6, blk 206, Citizens ad to Winfield: $500

I J Tipton and husband to Isaac D Harklewood, s hf of the nw qr of the nw qr sec 3-21-14e, 140 acres: $100

T M Bates and Jennie Bates to J D Gougar, lots 2 and 3, blk 330, Thompson's 2nd ad to Winfield: $400

College Hill Town Co to L L Vallandingham, lots 10, 11, and 12, blk 14, College Hill: $300

John H Smith to S M Kroenert, lots 22 and 23, blk 42, A C: $150

Wm A and Wm R Harman and wives to Jno D Pryor, se qr sec 5, 33-4e, 160 acres more or less: $4,500

W W Huss et ux to J Birdzell, ne qr sec 1-34-4e: $3,500

Lyman Fairclo et al to Jacob Smith, lots 16, 17, 18 and 19, blk 79, A C: $2,400

Frank J Hess et ux to Jamison Vawter, lot 19, blk 151, A C: $25.00

Frank J Hess to Sarah E Abernethy, lot 7, blk 30, A C: $90.00

James W Popham to Jacob Smith, lots 12 and 13, blk 182, A C: $25.00

Wm E Merydith et ux to Maggie Seaver, lot 2 and se qr nw qr 5-34-7e, 120 acres: $500

Manley Elder and Mary A Elder to D M Pitt, se qr 30-31-7e, 160 acres: $850

Frank J Hess et ux to Jamison Vawter, lot 26, blk 78, A C: $150

Daniel Rigdon to Milliard C Copple, lots 7 and 8, blk 126, A C: $150

John Alexander et ux to John L Alexander, lot 13, blk 61, A C: $1.00

J W Campbell et ux to J C McMullen, lots 19, blk 133, Winfield: $300

College Hill Town Co to William Jones, lots 9 and 10, blk 16, College Hill addition to Winfield: $300

M L Robinson et ux to S H Overpeck, lot 4, blk 13, Grand Summit: $50.00

M L Robinson et ux to Alice Overpeck, lot 3, blk 13, Grand Summit: $100.00

W M Mahin et ux to Mark Morris, lot 6 and 19, blk 151, and lot 20, blk 149, and lots 27, 28, blk 119, A C: $80.00

W D Mowry et ux to John Kroenert and Frank Austin, pt of lot 7, blk 80, A C: $278

Catherine Rembaugh and husband to N M Powers, lots 12 and 13, blk 235, Citizens ad to Winfield: $450

H. P. T. Co. to H W Waugh, lot 7, blk 11, H P ad to Winfield: $80.00

Wilmot Town Co to David P McPherson, lot 3, blk 21, Wilmot: $40.00

Lewis Bosley to Jesse H Ellis, lots 8, 9, and 10, 31-30-8e, 139 acres: $400

Hannah Ellis to Jesse H Ellis, lots 6 and 7 in 30 and lot 22, 31-30-8e: $500

A H Havens et ux to Jennie S Havens, nw qr 10-33-7e: $800

Jay Eiklor et ux to A C Harp, s hf ne qr 8-35-8e, 80 acres: $800

Wm H Mosby to Jesse H Ellis, lot 11-31-30-8e, 40 acres: $160

J S Shipman administrator to Kathrina Esch, se qr 31 and sw qr 33-33-6e, 320 acres: $4,500

Martha Hand to John F Huffman, se qr ne qr 24-34-4e, 40 acres: $800

Samuel Andre et ux to Barnett B Vandeventer, lots 3 and 4 and s hf nw qr and sw qr 1-31-4e, $3,200

Susan Hackworth and husband to Barbara Hackworth, lots 1 and 2 and s hf ne qr 3-31-3e, quit claim: $1.00

State of Kansas to A M Shurts, lots 4, 5 and 6 and sw qr se qr 16-34-3e, school land: $495


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

On Saturday morning, the 26th, twenty of the officers and members of the Woman's Relief Corps met at their hall according to previous arrangements, to make a visit to the Arkansas City Relief Corps, upon an invitation extended from them, going by Arthur Bangs' four-horse buss and private conveyance. Arriving at about 11:30 a.m., we were received by a committee of ladies of the Relief Corps at the Leland Hotel, where dinner was waiting us, consisting of the good things of the land in abundance, and served in magnificent style. After dinner we were escorted by the committee to their hall, and in the regular business of the order found them earnest and energetic, doing much for the relief and encouragement of the members of the G. A. R. and their families. After the disposal of business, initiation of new members, etc., some half dozen members of the G. A. R. Post of the city called, greeting us with words of welcome and good cheer, and a general social time was indulged in, until we were compelled to prepare for our return home, starting about 5 p.m., delayed by the storm, arriving safely about 9 p.m., thanks to the careful driver furnished by Mr. Bangs. All are enthusiastic in praise of the Arkansas City Relief Corps, their earnest, energetic president, Mrs. J. Q. Ashton, their pleasing and agreeable manner of receiving and entertaining, and wishing we may have many opportunities of meeting and mingling with them in the future.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Marshal McFadden received a dispatch about one p.m., Thursday, asking him to keep an eye upon a young boy of sixteen that was supposed to be in this city. The marshal looked around but could find no such a party or any traces of him. The marshal and sheriff of Wellington came over Friday afternoon with blood in their eyes. From them the marshal learned that a young boy over there had stolen a bran new suit of clothes; also $200--had put on the clothes and put the money in his pocket, and deliberately walked out of the city, saying good bye to no one. It is thought the boy came over early on the freight and took the K. C. & S. W. north. The marshal did not learn the youth's name. His mother lives in Louisville, Kentucky, and no doubt he has gone home to her. Wellington seems to be afflicted with youthful money thieves in the last few weeks.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The following new suits were filed with District Clerk Pate Friday.

S. S. Linn vs. the K. C. & S. W. railroad, appeal from county commissioners, $725.

W. H. H. Teter vs. K. C. & S. W. railroad, appeal from county commissioners, $514.

A. G. Robinson vs. K. C. & S. W. railroad, appeal from county commissioners, $231.60.

A. G. Robinson vs. K. C. & S. W. railroad, appeal from county commissioners, $91.

A. G. Robinson vs. K. C. & S. W. railroad, appeal from county commissioners, $399.20.

Sarah C. Murphy vs. George F. Murphy, action for divorce.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

One hundred and sixty acres 2 miles from Atlanta; 50 acres in cultivation 2¼ acres in orchard, 2 wells and pond, one story house 14 x 24 with addition 7 x 10, stone barn with basement--stable cost $950, 3 stone corrals, granary, hog pen, etc., $1,300 mortgage at 7 per cent interest, due July 1st, 1890. Will exchange subject to incumbrance, for part cash and horses, cattle, or sheep. This is a bargain. H. G. Fuller & Co.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Ernest Reynolds received a severe cut on the head Friday while superintending a job at Amos Tolles, six miles from here. The mast wheel dropped from the well boring apparatus, striking him on the head, cutting a deep gash. Mr. Reynolds can congratulate himself that it was no worse.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The new stone schoolhouse in Dist. 43 is about completed and is located four miles southeast of town. In order to purchase a new bell for the school, the people of the District will hold a festival on Thursday evening, Nov. 5th. A good supper, oysters, etc., will be provided. All are invited.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Judge Gans rendered his assistance in tying the knots that can never be separated except by legal means or death. Alfred Hasty and Jennie Harold, William Eaton and Naomi Blackbourne, and Sanford Slates and Mary Treese.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Take your beef hides to Whiting Bros.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The election in Walnut township will be held at William Frederick's, the stone house south of Manny's brewery. JOHN C. ROBERTS, Township Trustee.


About Four Hundred of our People Take a Whirl Over the K. C. & S. W.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

About four hundred of our best citizens repaired to the K. C. & S. W. depot at 8:30 Saturday morning, where a long train was waiting in readiness to take the party of excursionists over this beautiful line of road to Beaumont, a distance of about 48 miles, where this neat little town of about 300 inhabitants is at the junction of the K. C. & S. W. and "Frisco" roads. Everyone started for a good time, prepared with baskets of every kind of culinary delicacies, the most necessary thing to insure a pleasant trip. THE COURIER scribe as usual, rushed off without once thinking of our lunch basket, but on landing at Beaumont, and, when searching in vain for some hotel that had not already been eaten out of house and home, the eye of W. H. Shearer fell upon us, and, supposing from the expression of our face and the leanness of our form, that a square meal would be the most essential thing to insure comfort, hailed us and invited us to follow him, which we did, to a large hall where we found a table spread with all manner of delicacies, presided over by Mrs. Col. Whiting, Mrs. Nelson, Mrs. Fred Whiting, and Mrs. W. H. Shearer, who invited us to a seat with them, which we accepted, and when everyone had refreshed the inner man to a satisfactory extent, the town was taken in until four o'clock, when the train started for Winfield, over as beautiful country as the eye could wish to gaze upon, stopping at Latham, a pretty little town only two months old and with about 250 inhabitants and grand prospects for a city of much importance in the near future, to gather up some of the excursionists who had stopped off, as we went up, on a prospecting visit. The next station at which we stopped was the beautiful town of Atlanta, about the same age as Latham, but some larger and with much more flattering prospects. Atlanta is situated about 22 miles northeast of Winfield, in the most fertile part of the state, surrounded by a thickly populated section of country and every advantage necessary to make a glowing city, and it already shows evidence of business and enterprise in the many fine business and residence buildings now nearing completion. Wilmot, our next stopping place, is also a thriving little place with a splendid foundation for a city equal to any in southern Kansas. The town of Floral has taken a boom since the railroad has settled on her fair soil and new buildings are shooting up like mushrooms. This was our last stop until we pulled up at the depot at Winfield at half past seven in the midst of the watery elements. Everybody pronounced the road first-class, and await the earliest opportunity for another excursion.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Married at the home of Mr. and Mrs. James Vance, at 8:30 Sunday, Mr. Abe Smith and Miss Mary Major, Rev. McDonough, the Episcopal minister of this city, officiating. The bride is a young lady well known here and high esteemed for her many excellent qualities. She is the daughter of Mrs. Sid Majors and the sister of Mrs. James Vance and Mrs. Geo. C. Rembaugh. The groom is a gentleman in every sense of the word and at present a popular conductor on the "Frisco" road. Immediately after the ceremony the happy couple took the K. C. & S. W. for Pierce City, their future home. They lave a host of friends here who wish them unbounded bliss and prosperity for their future lives and in which THE COURIER heartily joins them. We understand that they were tendered numerous and valuable presents by their friends, which we were unable to get a list of.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Messrs. Albert G. Shaw and John Gilpin from Raton, New Mexico, are visiting this county and are so much pleased with it that Mr. Shaw has bought a $17,000 farm and Mr. Gilpin will make a similar investment. Both will become permanent citizens of this county. The sale was made through Messrs. H. G. Fuller & Co.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

There will be a meeting of the District Temperance Union at Mt. Zion church in Vernon Township, on Sunday, Nov. 1st, at 3 p.m. Addresses by Rev. Lee and others. All are most cordially invited.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Rev. John Miller and family are visiting friends in the city. Mr. Miller is on his way to Winfield, where he has accepted a call to the pastorate of the Presbyterian church.

Newton Republican 24th.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Prof. R. B. Moore, principal of the Burden schools, returned from Clark County Monday after proving up his claim near Ashland. The Prof. is now one of the bloated landholders.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

R. W. Scott was up from the Southern limits Monday and dropped into THE COURIER sanctum. He is one of the men we like to meet.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Farm loans made from one day to five years, at lowest rates, by H. G. Fuller & Co.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Fresh Cranberries at Wallis & Wallis.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Hand-shellers from $800 to $10.00, at W. A. Lee's Implement House.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

I am agent for the celebrated Sandwich Corn Shellers. W. A. Lee.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

A fine stock of spring wagons at W. A. Lee's Implement House, at low prices.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

We can sell you a hanging lamp 30 per cent less than before. Wallis & Wallis.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Call and see the latest novelty in hanging lamps and you will have no other. Wallis & Wallis.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

We will for the next 60 days slaughter prices and sell glass and queensware at greatly reduced prices to avoid the trouble and expense of moving. Wallis & Wallis.

Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

The best and largest assortment of Library Lamps ever offered to the people of Winfield and Cowley County and the latest improvements adjusted for a ceiling 12 feet down to 7 feet, and way down prices for the next 60 days. Wallis & Wallis.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Recap Notice of Sheriff's Sale. G. H. McIntire, Sheriff, By F. W. Finch, Deputy. Selling on Nov. 30, 1885, real estate property to settle suit by Francis M. Jones, Plaintiff, versus H. L. Wells and G. B. Stiles, Defendants.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Mr. Edward Hanlan, the great oarsman, and until his recent contest with Beach in Australia, the champion of the world, may certainly be looked upon as authority in everything effecting athletic sports. Before leaving Australia for this country, he wrote a letter in which he stated that he had used St. Jacobs Oil with the most beneficial results. He found it a reliable remedy for muscular pains in the arms and limbs and from his personal experience took great pleasure in recommending it. No stronger proof of the truth of what is claimed for St. Jacobs Oil could be furnished than this, and it will undoubtedly carry great weight with all thoughtful and intelligent people.


Winfield Courier, Thursday, October 29, 1885.

Winfield has registered this year 1,243 voters. This is about 150 more than registered last year, and figuring it in the usual manner, Winfield has, without any doubt whatever, 6,215 people, making no allowance for the delinquents who never register, and the suburban part of the city will also swell her population several hundred, and it is safe to say Winfield proper has 7,000, and counting her suburban population, she will reach pretty near to 8,000 souls. It will be but a few years until the Queen city will be the metropolis of the west.