Arkansas City Traveler, January 3, 1877.



Arkansas Valley.

[From the Chicago Comm'l Advertiser.]

From Wichita down the beautiful valley of the Arkansas, in the fairest of September days, is a drive to be long remembered; but the genuine pleasure of this valley ride came at


where I expected to find a rude hamlet of temporary dwellings and a motley group of border men. Miles away, I caught a glance at the stately and elegant schoolhouse, through a vista in the forest, and my visions of faro banks and keno dens; of dance houses, navies, and insolent, swagging ruffians vanished in an instant.

Arkansas City is on the border. The "Nation," as it is commonly called, is only three miles away. These border towns are supposed to be the rendezvous for the cut-throats, thieves, and bandits who seek refuge in the Territory. At Wellington and Oxford I found quiet and order, and an absence of every type of ruffianism or even roughness. Here in Arkansas City is


The town has a population of 700, mostly from Iowa, Illinois, Ohio, Indiana, and the Eastern States. They have built tasteful, comfortable homes, fine churches, a splendid high school house, and the streets and lawns are as nicely laid and kept as in a New England village. The public schools are fostered by an educated sentiment and will compare well with the village schools of Ohio and Michigan. Social life is cordial, intelligent, and elevated in tone. Good men and noble women have laid, here, the basis for a rational and enjoyable life. The town is


On the West and South is the broad valley of the Arkansas with the shimmer of its waters through intervals in the beautiful walnut groves. Eastward and northward is the matchless Walnut Valley and river, an embodiment of rural beauty. On every side, the table upon which the town stands, drifts downward into the bottoms, the groves and swift waters in graceful slopes. Beyond the waters, are such rolling, grand, and fertile prairies as one may not see again in hundreds of miles of travel. Three miles to the southward you stand upon


and look out upon the fairest land of the Continent. Plains, valleys, far-reaching rolling prairies, and bright waters flowing over the rocky beds, and groves of tropical fullness under the soft sunshine of almost endless summer. Hundreds of fattening herds are grazing, and there are none to molest. It is a score of miles away to the nearest Indian camp, where sentimental men and women are trying to domesticate and civilize a dirty, dissolute, lazy, lounging, stoical race, who are far less human than a hundred years ago. They are content to remain upon the reservations and eat Government rations, receive their annuities, gamble, drink bad whiskey, and practice the lower vices. A civilized Indian, with a christian sentiment is a rara avis. But the country set apart to the swarthy brutes is fairer than the Eden of Genesis. So, too, is all the country along the Indian border. Over in Sumner county, and down here in this county of Cowley, is a land for the princes of the herds and grainfields. Peace, order, intelligence, and progress are visible everywhere. Every condition to human happiness (save a railroad) is here in full measure. The soil is generous as a garden. Corn is a wonderful growth, wheat takes a bountiful yield. Fruits flourish under these genial skies. I have driven for says in sight of peach orchards that were as rich in foliage as the orange and olive groves of the tropics. Wild grapes of delicious flavor festoon the groves and forests everywhere and may be gathered by the ton. Pasture takes almost an infinite range. It is at least infinite to the vision. Herds of sheep and cattle are growing into wealth for the herdsmen, with hardly an effort at care. Lands range from $4 to $8 wild and $6 to $20 improved.

The Government lands of any value are,


The emigrant looks longingly over into the sweet valleys of the Indian "Nation."


but they are set apart for a favored race, and to him are forbidden ground. Still there are miles and miles of this beautiful


unbroken by the plow and awaiting purchase and subjugation to noble human uses. The lands that may be purchased today at $5 per acre will, in one of the coming days, bring $40 and $50 on a ready market. It is the old process which I have watched with solicitude in Michigan, Ohio, Illinois, and Iowa where the poor pioneer of yesterday has become the opulent farmer of today. There are


to consider, too. Timber is abundant along the valleys. Cottonwood, elm, walnut, pecan, and the oak and ash families are in good supply. Water flows from rocky springs in the ledges and ravines and downward to the river in clear brooks. White and gray magnesian limestone, soft enough for the plane or saw, is found in all the hills and river beds, and finds its way into stores, school houses, churches, dwellings; and valuable beds of gypsum are found in the neighborhood. Such a country, with no season worthy the name of winter, presents almost unrivaled inducements to the settler. Cowley county throughout is almost unexceptionable. Here and there are bold rocky bluffs, but they are crowded with the finest grasses and are just the lands for sheep and cattle ranges. There are settlers in all parts of the country. The farms extend square down to the Territory. Indeed, they take a higher value on the border on account of the unobstructed grazing.


is a railroad. Two lines are in early prospect. One from Ft. Smith, up the Arkansas river, and the other a branch of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad, down the Walnut Valley. The latter is already provided for, a portion of the way. With either of these lines Arkansas City and Cowley county will be about as desirable for human abode as any part of the green earth.


is full of sterling businessmen and has as much personal and public enterprise as any place of its age and size in all the country. It is rather an example in these respects. Most of the businessmen have a social turn, and are cordial and hospitable to strangers.

There are some strong firms here and a heavy trade is carried on in supplies for the Indian agencies in the Territory. I give herewith a commercial review of the city and think it will be seen that her merchants are far above the average both in the character of the men and the volume of their trade. During all my stay in town, I remember but a single case of whining or grumbling about hard times.

The high school is flourishing under the supervision of Prof. Bacon, a recent graduate of old Amherst. It is a happy commentary upon the enterprise, pride, and intelligence of a beautiful town.

Efforts are being made to clear the Arkansas river for steamboat navigation to this point. It is expected this object will be realized. Its consummation will bring a happy day to Arkansas City. This town was settled so late as 1870 and its social and commercial progress is one of the marvels of the Arkansas Valley. The settlement of the country is rapid. The average of cultivated land has been nearly doubled the past summer. Valuable improvements have been made in all directions. The country is fast taking the appearance of a great garden. Orchards are coming into bloom and fruition. Miles and miles of Osage orange hedge outline the farms and highways, young forests are dotting the grand prairie, the summers compass two-thirds of the year, and winters are but a reproduction of the Northern Indian summer. The winter wheat fields are as verdant as the forest in mid summer, and the benediction of heaven is upon "everything and all."





The Schools of Arkansas City.

We take pleasure in presenting to our readers, on this, our first issue for the year 1877, a stereotyped cut of the Arkansas City Public School Building. An edifice that not only Arkansas City, but Cowley county may justly feel proud of.


We have often felt a desire to present to the eye a view of our schoolhouse, knowing that no description by pen or pencil could give so adequate an idea. With the sight of the eye, all the details are taken in at a single glance, the length, breadth, and height, all appear at one view.

The building is fifty feet square, two stories high, with an observatory on top. In front is a projection, or tower base, of ten by sixteen feet, in which is the main stairway leading from the second story; so that in case of fire, the pupils in the upper story could have a safe and free egress from the building. In case of an alarm or panic, there would be no danger of a jam or closing of the entrance, as the stairway is wide and commodious, and the doors all open to the outside.

The building is of the best of brick, with our beautiful magnesia limestone corners, caps, and sills. The foundation and basement is of stone, well laid in mortar, with cut stone foundation above the ground.

The building is intended to be heated by furnaces, but at present is heated by stoves. It is finished in the best of manner and furnished with all the modern improvements of seats, desks, maps, charts, etc. The school at this time is composed of but two departments: principal and primary. The former is under the superintendence of Prof. H. M. Bacon, a graduate of Amherst College, Massachusetts. The primary department is in charge of Miss Georgia Christian, a thorough instructor of "little ones," who has over sixty pupils on her rolls, with an average attendance of forty-five days.

Prof. Bacon's department is generally well attended, his daily average being about 47, with over 60 enrolled scholars. The building, which undoubtedly is the finest in Southwestern Kansas, was erected in the summer of 1874, at an entire cost of over $10,000. The contractors were Dusing & Ashton, of Lawrence, superintended by Judge McIntire, of this city, a practical workman, to whom in part we are indebted for so good a job at so little cost.

The first principal at the opening of the school was Prof. E. W. Hulse, a graduate of the University of Wisconsin, assisted by Miss Lillian Norton of this place.

The building is comparatively new, being opened in October, 1874, and is capable of accommodating 250 scholars: 150 in the lower room and 100 in the upper room.

We copy from the first annual circular, published in 1874, a general statement, which is as true today as at that date.

"Arkansas City is now provided with the best educational facilities to be found in Southern Kansas. The new school building is one of the best in the State, and provided with all needful furniture and some illustrative apparatus excellent in quality. The corps of teachers is sufficiently strong for the present needs of the school, and will be enlarged as the necessities of the case may require. Boarding accommodations are such in variety and quality as to suit the public."

Arkansas City has a beautiful and healthful site, and the society of the town is exceptionally refined and cultivatedCas in evidence of this, we have not a single saloon, dram shop, or tippling house within ten miles of the city. As further evidence, we have three church edificesCtwo finished, and the third (the Methodist) now in course of construction, and it will be completed in a short time. It is of brick, 30 x 56 feet, with a tower 12 x 16.




Miners in the Black Hills.

General Crook's annual report says: The miners in the Black Hills did not violate the Sioux treaty till long after the Indians had ceased to regard it, and they have not suffered as much from the Sioux since they went to the Hills as they did while living on the border.

He also calls attention to the fact that his command, of less than one thousand, fought and beat Sitting Bull's band in the battle of the Rose Bud several weeks previous to Custer's disaster. He seems to think the Government has treated the Sioux nation with unparalleled liberality, which they have repaid by raids along the border of their reservations, limited only by the endurance of their ponies.




Red Cloud's Friendly Indians on the War Path.

Cheyenne, Wyo., Dec. 30. A courier in Ft. Laramie, from Red Cloud agency, reports that two couriers, a mail carrier and a wood chopper, left Sage Creek early Christmas morning. Two hours before sundown they were struck by a party of thirty friendly Indians within sixteen miles of Red Cloud, who killed the two couriers, named Dillon and Reddy; and also mortally wounded the mail carrier, who had two sacks of matter; and likewise severely wounded the wood chopper.

The wounded only arrived at Red Cloud day before yesterday. Being exposed during the interval to intense cold, they were severely frozen. They report hearing more firing in their rear an hour after being attacked. It is supposed that other parties not yet reported were attacked.





St. Louis, Dec. 27. In accordance with orders from Washington, all the ordnance stores at the St. Louis arsenal, formerly Jefferson Barracks, are to be removed, the cannon, over 800 in number, to Rock Island, and the guns and pistols to the St. Louis arsenal. The removal will commence at once. The arsenal here is to be converted into a cavalry recruiting station.




Charles A. Seward denies that he ever said "Wirt Walton moved a Government corner stone for $5," and gives a letter to the Courier to that effect.

Now that he has so completely vindicated Mr. Walton, we have to say we can prove he did say so, and we give his letters as written to us Nov. 20th and Dec. 3rd. The Courier is noted for the faculty of "brining men around," and the cause of Seward's change we can't account for.

First Letter from Seward.

WINFIELD, November 20, 1876.

Mr. C. M. Scott:

SIR. Today, for the first time, I find in the Cowley County Telegram a report said to have been published in your excellent paper, to the effect that I said W. W. Walton had moved a corner stone for money. Said statement is false, as concerning my having said so--though there has been such report.

For the facts, I would refer to G. W. Melville, now at Wichita, having a farm on Posey creek, where said surveying is said to have been done. Now I have no particular regards for Walton, or the tribe he is now connected with, in proof of which, though I am a Republican, I helped to elect your townsman, Hon. A. J. Pyburn, instead of one of my own party in whom I had no faith. I say this to prove my interest in the welfare of the people of this county. Yet I cannot permit my name to be abused and scandalized as it has been in the Courier, a paper which I ceased to take on account of the low origin of its contents.

Please rectify said mistake of the reporter.

Yours, with regard,



Second Letter from Seward.

WINFIELD, December 3, 1876.

Mr. Scott:

Dear Sir. I do not want you to make a correction of the statement published in your paper in regard to Walton moving a Government corner stone for money. I have heard such a report. That is all. Your reporter made a mistake when he said I had made such report to him, knowing the same to be true. I did not, neither do I think Walton a proper person for County Surveyor, for in my opinion he is not an honest man. Trusting you will correct the mistake (?) made by your reporter, I subscribe myself,

Yours, with respect,





SALT CITY, December 26, 1876.

Salt City has not improved much of late, but is waiting for spring to open, when boring for coal will be resumed.

We have one of the best schools here Salt City has ever had, under the charge of Miss Bella Nichols. We also have a spelling school on Thursday evening, which is very interesting. The house is crowded to overflowing, and is presided over by the teachers. A debating society has been organized, which is attracting considerable attention.

A grand Christmas hop came off last night in Thompson's Hall, and a large number of the bon ton of Sumner and Cowley counties were present. Fine music was had, and a sumptuous feast was partaken of with good relish by the lovers of the dance. Messrs. W. H. Walker and Charles Sullivan were the managers of the festivities.

The wheat crop looks fine in this part of the country, and the farmers predict a bountiful harvest. They are busy hauling their wheat to market, and getting in their winter's supply of wood.

The mystery still continues about the man found in Salt creek, supposed to have been murdered, but the case is being worked up, and from what I can learn, it will soon be unraveled.

During my sojourn at the Centennial, I observed that Kansas and Colorado surpassed all other States in their display of the production of the soil. Such a display of fruits, vegetables, grains, and minerals far exceeded the expectations of all, and it was the best way of advertising. I was interviewed by hundreds, anxious to know all about Kansas, and in the Eastern States I found colonies forming, numbering from 20 to 60 people each, and getting ready to come to Kansas in the spring. The main question was, "Did you see the Kansas building?"

A grand Christmas gift and birthday present was presented to Mr. F. L. Davis by Mrs. F. L. Davis, this afternoon, in the way of a 10 lb. boy. All doing well. L.





From Winfield.

WINFIELD, KAN., Dec. 23, 1876.

Our Christmas tree on Saturday evening, the 23rd, was a success; the most remarkable feature was the very large number of books distributed from it.

At the last regular communication of Adelphi Lodge No. 110, A. F. and A. M., the following officers were chosen for the ensuing year: W. M., Wm. G. Graham; Sen. W., J. E. Saint; Jun. W., M. G. Troup; Sec., James Kelly; Treas., R. F. Baldwin; Sen. D., C. C. Black; Jun. D., J. C. Roberts; Sen. S., Jas. A. Simpson; Jun. S., N. C. McCulloch; Tyler, W. W. Walton.

They were installed at the Courthouse on the eve of the 27th, St. John's Day, by Past High Priest, M. L. Read; at the close of the installation ceremonies, the retiring Master Hunt was directed to face the "East" when Bro. McDonald requested "permission to address Bro. J. S. Hunt," which being granted, he advanced, while he held in his hand a beautiful casket, proceed to deliver a presentation address and invest Bo. Hunt with one of the most elegant and modest P. M. jewels that it has ever been our fortune to behold, and the speech and response was in such beautiful harmony with the present and the occasion, it was a surprise token of regard from the Lodge. After this all were called from "labor to refreshments," and we turned to the tables where we found that the power and beauty of the culinary art had been exhausted to please the appetite and refresh the inner man.

On the morning of the 28th, Mrs. A. B. Lemmon and her sister, Miss Kate Millington, left our quiet city for Topeka, accompanied by W. W. Walton, our Chief Clerk and assistant State Superintendent, in embryo.

On the evening of the 29th we had a Rail Road meeting at the M. E. Church, which was largely attended by the businessmen of this city, which proceeded as follows. Dr. Davis was chosen chairman and B. F. Baldwin, Secretary. On motion a committee of three was appointed on resolutions, namely M. S. Robinson, E. C. Manning, and Judge McDonald, who reported a set of resolutions in favor of making an earnest effort to secure R. R. communication and recommending the appointment of a committee of five, whose duty it should be to devise some feasible R. R. project and report on or before Feb. 1st, 1877. D. A. Millington, J. E. Platter, M. S. Robinson, Judge McDonald, and J. B. Lynn on said committee, when meeting adjourned to the call of the committee.

Don't fret the "Wah Hoss's" but give them peas and let us have a rest. Yours, C.

LATER. Jan. 1st, 1877. Our R. R. committee met this morning and organized by electing J. E. Platter, President, and D. A. Millington, Secretary, and adjourned till this evening. C.




More About Wild Bill.

[From the Black Hills Pioneer.]

A Deputy United States Marshal, with a posse of five men, has started in pursuit of John Varnes, now on the "new stampede," who is charged with having procured the death of Wild Bill by paying a sum of money to Jack McCall, alias Sutherland, for committing the deed.

It appears that some time ago, Wild Bill and Varnes had a difficulty in Denver, and the animosity between the two was augmented by a dispute over a game of poker at the Senate saloon, in this city, a short time previous to the death of Wild Bill, at which time Bill interfered in a dispute between Varnes and another man. Bill covered him with his pistol, and arrogated to himself the position of umpire, after which friends interfered and ended the difficulty.

It is not necessary to speak of the arrest and trial of the murderer McCall. Suffice it to say he was arrested by the United States authorities at Cheyenne and taken to Yankton for trial. It appears that he now desires to turn state's evidence, and charges Varnes with having paid him money to murder Wild Bill.







The trial of A. F. Horneman, for the attempted murder of W. E. Dwyer, on the morning of the 8th inst., began on last Wednesday and closed last Saturday morning, at 2 o'clock, a.m., when the jury returned a verdict of guilty of an assault with a deadly weapon, with intent to kill. There were four forms of verdict given to the jury: the last one being a simple assault and battery. The jury retired at 9 o'clock Friday evening, and the first ballot on the general question of guilty or not guilty, they stood eleven in the affirmative and one in the negative. The second ballot was the same. A vote was then taken on the different findings, in which there was considerable division. The fourth ballot was eight for the first form, and four for the second. Fifth ballot, ten for number one, and two for number two, and the last ballot was eleven for the first form, with one not voting. The twelfth man, finally, without further ballotings, made the vote unanimous for guilty of intended murder. The penalty is confinement, at hard labor, in the penitentiary for from one to ten years. Wichita Beacon.




Messrs. Clark & Williams desire us to say that the "20 percent" mentioned in their advertisement will not be kept by them, in case the shares are not all sold, but that not only the 20 percent but the entire amount will be returned to each and every shareholder, should they not be able to sell the shares and do as they advertise in their Real Estate Distribution.




The Black Hills Territory is to be constituted by act of Congress, and miners are to be invited to take possession. They need very little invitation, however. Most of them will invite themselves if the Indians will only hold off.




The late snow almost insures the wheat crop.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. T. L. Davis, on Tuesday, December 26th, an eight-pound boy.

BUCKSKIN JOE and the boys with their ladies had a dance after the M. E. Festival on Monday evening.

VAN KELSO keeps a No. 1 fine cigar at the Central Avenue. His El Pluto and Flora de Cuba are excellent.

The Courier writes its own communications from Sheridan and Beaver townships denouncing W. P. Hackney.

DIED. On Tuesday; December 26, 1876, Sarah Louisa Gillis; born July 17, 1853; aged 25 years, 5 months, and 7 days.

SOME HUNTERS tracked and killed a wild cat while hunting for deer during the first snow, about two miles north of town.

GAME. In front of the City Bakery last week, we saw a pile of deer and wild turkeys, brought in from the Territory.

ANOTHER GROCERY is to be opened in Pearson's building soon after R. A. Houghton & Co. move to their new quarters.

"TOM" FINNEY is back at Osage Agency again as though it was his fate to be there. We regret to lose him from our social circle.

J. L. STUBBS and Miss Thompson were up from the Kaw Agency this week. J. L.'s headquarters are at Pawhuska, but he goes over to see the Kaws once in awhile.

ANDERSON STINER, son of James and Alice Stiner, died on the 22nd of December, 1876, near Spring Hill, Johnson county, Kansas. Funeral services by Rev. Minus.



SHEEP. We have had a number of persons inquire at our office asking where sheep could be bought. If any person has sheep to sell, they will do well to advertise them.

REV. S. B. FLEMING will preach a sermon next Sabbath morning reviewing the work of the church, of which he is pastor, from the time of his settlement until the present.

ONLY one boy was hurt during Christmas, and he was shot in the eye with a pop gun. We noticed one man, however, who was badly shot in the neck, but he soon recovered.

The thermometer indicated four degrees below zero, last Friday morning, and ice was reported ten inches thick where the water was still. It has been an unusually cold winter.

The ladies of this place presented Dr. Hughes a fine large album, in token of their appreciation and respect, on Christmas evening, and the Doctor is making a collection of photographs to place therein.

HON. C. R. MITCHELL will take his departure for the State Capitol this week, in company with Hon. A. J. Pyburn. Hon. L. J. Webb, who has been rusticating in Pennsylvania for some months, will join them in Topeka, fresh from the old hills, and full of vigor. The Cowley county team will be a hard one to get away with.


The Masonic supper and entertainment, held in Newman's new building on St. John's Day, was generally acknowledged to be one of the best social gatherings that has been held within the past two years. The installation of officers took place at the church, and the ladies were conveyed to the hall while the members of the order marched thereto. After a few minutes, a bountiful supper was placed upon a table seated by more than 70 persons, and for an hour the feast continued until no one cried for more. Then followed the dance, and different games, participated in by all. For those who did not wish to dance, tables with cards, checkers, and dominoes were provided, so that all could be entertained.


There were many noticeable features at the Presbyterian Festival, held on the evening of Dec. 25th. The management and execution of the charades was exceedingly well done, and all performed their parts well. Many persons were the recipients of handsome and valued presents. Among them Will. D. Mowry received a beautiful chromo in a fine frame, from the scholars of the Sunday School of which he is Superintendent, and our editor a tasty book of Whittier's poems, from the ladies of the Presbyterian Society. Rev. Fleming was honored with a number and variety of tokens, and received them with great appreciation.


The Methodist Festival held on last Monday evening at Newman's hall was largely attended by the citizens of town, and residents of the country. Many feared on account of the entertainment that had preceded it, that it would not be patronized as it should be, but their fears were soon at rest when they saw the numbers gathered at the hall. Everything passed off pleasantly and satisfactory, and a general good time was participated in. The oyster supper was attended by enterprising waiters, and the bivalvular mollusks served in good condition. The supper table, consisting of turkey, cakes, and numerous good things was well displayed with delicate eatables, and was generally well seated. In one corner was the Art Gallery, conducted by ladies, and in another, the Post Office, where letters could be had by paying ten cents each. The net receipts of the entertainment is estimated at $90, and besides being a paying institution, it was also socially a success.


The amounts of the receipts of the M. E. Festival, as handed in by one of the committee, was as follows.

Amount received for supper: $54.45

Amount received for apples: $.90

Amount received from Post Office: $2.53

Amount received from cake sold at auction: $1.10

Amount received from cake voted to oldest resident: $13.20

Amount received from butter duck sold to highest bidder: $4.00

Amount received from grab bag: $4.61

Amount received from art gallery: $9.20


A picture was sold for $2.40, and other minor articles, making in all the whole amount of receipts, $92.99. The $13.20 cake was voted to Mrs. Lucy Endicott (oldest resident), and Marshall Felton received the $1.10 cake, as it was sold to the highest bidder. Mr. Dupey bid off the duck.


SOLD OUT. A. A. NEWMAN sold his entire stock of dry goods to the old reliable firm of Houghton & McLaughlin, last week, and the goods are being moved to the latter's store until Newman's building is completed, when Houghton & McLaughlin will occupy the new room and continue as before (in spite of Indian raids, grasshoppers, or Nick himself), to be the "Old Reliable" green front store, known all over Southern Kansas as the cheapest place to buy any and all kinds of dress goods, dry goods, clothing, groceries, queensware, notions, furs, carpets, etc. They have been here from the first, and will remain to the last. Mr. Newman will now devote his whole time to his mill and Indian contracts.


GREAT CREDIT IS DUE MRS. A. A. NEWMAN and other members of the managing committee of the festival on Christmas night for the faithfulness with which the discharged their duties, and for their diligence in striving to make it pleasant and entertaining for the great crowd present. The proceeds of the Presbyterian Festival, after all expenses were paid, amounted to a fraction over $100.


MARRIED. On Thursday, Dec. 29th, at the residence of the bride's parents, by Rev. S. B. Fleming, MR. DAVID PRUDEN, of Dayton, Ohio, and MISS AMELIA MOWRY, of this place.

The marriage was one that has been for some expected, and was not a matter of surprise. The intimate friends and relatives of both parties were invited in, and after a few very appropriate remarks by the clergyman, they were pronounced one. The happy couple will take up their abode at the residence of the fortunate bridegroom, and Dayton's society will have an additional valued member and esteemed lady, while her friends here regret her departure.


CORN is steadily advancing at Wichita. Parties holding cattle in the western counties go there for their feed, and the new settlers of Sumner county depend largely on Wichita for their supply of corn. At Caldwell it is worth fifty cents per bushel, and along the trail, it varies from sixty cents to one dollar per bushel. A number of herdsmen have been in the southern part of this county making purchases, with a view of driving their stock in to feed during the rest of the winter. Cattle and ponies in the Territory that have been fed on grass alone are very poor. The last snow prevented their feeding.


WOLF. While coming from Winfield Friday evening, in company with our honorable Representative, we noticed in the road, about four miles north of town, what seemed to be a large dog, and our first thought was that it was lost. Driving more rapidly we came within a few paces of it, and saw it was a wolf of no meager size. The animal did not seem to be alarmed, and kept ahead of the horses for a mile or more, when it ran down a ravine and was soon out of sight.


O. P. JOHNSON, AN INDIAN SCOUT OF CONSIDERABLE RENOWN, dropped down from the Centennial last week. He expects to join McKenzie's command, and go north after Sitting Bull. O. P. has seen considerable service as a scout, and is recognized as one of the best in this section. At one time he was with Custer during the trouble in the Territory, and later acted with Gen. Miles.


SOME BAD BOYS were on the street at about 12 o'clock on New Year's Eve. After ringing the church bell, they ran a wheelbarrow up and down the sidewalk, and banged oyster cans and boxes on the stairways. The Marshal gave them a chase, but as the moon was shining brightly, he could not get hear them.


The annual meeting of the congregation of the First Presbyterian Church will be held on Thursday night of this week, January 4, at 7 o'clock, in the church. Besides the election of officers for the coming year, other business of great importance to church work will come up for consideration. Full attendance urged.


C. M. WILKINSON, (Mac), a former resident of this place during the corn bread and molasses siege, came down from Albert Lea, Minnesota, to see the green grass and verdant blooming roses, but found he was a month or two ahead of time this year.


We have heard that the festival held at the Valley school house last Christmas afternoon, in behalf of Rev. Wingar, was one of more than usual interest. Sixteen varieties of cake were placed on the table, besides chicken, turkey, etc. The net receipts were $18.00.


A drunken overcoat got on a man on Christmas day, and before he could get the thing off, it downed him in the snow, rolled him over, and used him up fearfully. He got it off as soon as he could, and hung it up to get sober. The man was all right.


MR. SPRAY, OF KAW AGENCY, has been suffering from pneumonia for several days past, and at one time was not expected to live. Dr. Hughes was finally sent for, and has since made two visits to the Agency, and reports Mr. Spray is now improving.


BRIDGE. We learn that Mr. Newman gave a bond agreeing to complete the Walnut River Bridge for $2,000. He expects it to cost him $2,500, but is willing to pay the additional $500 rather than not have a bridge.


R. A. HOUGHTON will remove his grocery store to the room formerly occupied by A. A. Newman, and open up another fresh lot of the best brands of sugar, coffee, tea, tobacco, flour, and all kinds of eatables.


AFTER the entertainment at Newman's building, on last Wednesday evening, several persons lost some knives and forks. If they are found by any to whom they do not belong; please return them to the post office.


FARMERS will notice that Morgatt & Rentschler have a meat market for their accommodation, where they can buy meat at Granger prices, and receive cash for hides, tallow, furs, etc. Try them.


AN ACKNOWLEDGMENT. I have the honor of acknowledging, with gratitude, the receipt of a beautiful album, presented by the rising generation of Arkansas City. Hoping that the future will record noble deeds in the life of each one, and that my early acquaintance will redound to the good of mankind, I am,



January 1, 1877.




Railroad to Cowley County--Definite

Arrangements Being Made.

Prof. L. B. Kellogg, of Emporia, writes to his brother, Dr. H. D. Kellogg, of this place, that definite and positive arrangements are being made with Eastern capitalists for a railroad from Emporia to Arkansas City, and that they are at work making out the proper papers to close a contract for building and operating the road before the winter of 1878, or in time to carry next year's wheat crop. The proposition will first be submitted to Lyon county, then Butler or Greenwood, and then to Cowley. It is generally understood that it is to be a narrow gauge, and that its course will be down the Walnut Valley. The Eastern capitalists are at Emporia, and Mr. Kellogg says it looks as though the road would be built. They can't get here too soon to please us.




Quapaws are good wood choppers.

Ah hu shin-kah died last Monday.

Red Eagle says that black wolves kill hogs on Bird Creek.

The Cherokees have over eighty common schools.

The Miami Indians have just received a payment of $200 each.

The Chickasaws have four public and about ten district schools.

Spotted Tail wants pay for the gold in the Black Hills.

The Choctaws have two public schools and over fifty district schools.

The Indians have sold over 20,000 pounds of pecans to Hiatt & Co.

One of the greatest wants of the people of this territory is civil law well administered.

The Cherokee National Council tried to impeach the second Chief of the Cherokees and failed.

W. P. Mathes has quit selling goods because he makes money faster selling religious manuscript.

The Cherokee Council legislated one of their school commissioners out of existence and created two more.

The Cherokee Council has ordered the M. R. & Ft. S. R. R. Co. to pull up and get off Cherokee soil.

The payment of annuity money and the issuing of blankets is over and the Osages are quiet.

This is freezing winter weather, but Osages strip to the breech cloth before running foot races.

Indians should not be compelled to attend court in the State any more than whites should be compelled to come here to attend court.

J. W. Burns, of Coffeyville, Kansas, has the contract for building 100 rods of fence and roofing a portion of the school building at this place.


At the Sac & Fox Agency, a few days ago, a high life wedding occurred. The ceremony was performed by a Baptist minister of the Creek Nation, who could not speak either Sac or English. The talking was done through an interpreter and was in this wise.

Addressing the man, the minister said: "Well, you like him, you take him to be your woman?"

The Indian replied, "Yes."

The minister said, "All right."

Then, addressing the woman, he said: "Well, may be you like him, hey? You take him to be your man?

She answered: "Yes."

The preacher then concluded: "Well, you man and woman now sometime." Journal.




Farmers' Meat Market.

Fresh Beef, Port, Mutton, Poultry, etc. We will pay the highest market price in cash for hides, tallow, furs, wool, pelts, etc.





For the benefit of the citizens of Arkansas City and vicinity, I hereby give the information that the laws regulating Indian trade prohibit any person or persons whosoever, without a license granted by the Indian Department, from trading with Indians in the Indian country, and any person violating the law at this Agency will be speedily punished.

S. MATLACK, Trader.

I have read the above notice, and believe the trader is justified to protecting his guaranteed right under the law.


Dec. 21st, 1876. U. S. Indian Agent.




The pioneer artist of Kansas, after spending the most of one year and a great deal of many in the Indian Territory, has taken the greatest variety of negatives, and has the largest and best assortment of Indian photographs, ever offered to the publicCa few of which will be mentioned.

Negative of the elegant Osage Government buildings in the TerritoryCthe magnificent Osage University, the Commissary, the U. S. Agent's, Government physician's, and black-smith's residences; a view of the dusky counselors as they sit on the brow of Council Hill; the Chief and head counselors photographed in groups or singly; a group of Indians in their war dance; photos of Indian families, men, women, and children; the elegant Osage Government stone mill; the traders' stores; the large hewed log farm house with citizens and family of Saucy Chief on his farm; the slaughtering yard on butchering day by the Osages; the University as the Indian children are at play. Also a splendid photographic view of the large Osage Agency farm, taken from the top of Council Hill, with Indian cabin and wigwams, and an Indian squaw standing by a tree with papoose strapped on her back, in the foreground, and large hills in the distance in the background. Any of the above can be obtained by mail, in any desired quantity, on receipt of price mentioned.

Pictures on 8 x 10 card sent postpaid, single copy, $1; 2 dozen, $5; 1 doz., $9. Pictures on card 7 x 9, single copy 75 cents; 2 doz, $4; 1 doz., $7. Pictures cabinet size, single copy, 50 cents; 2 doz., $2.50; 1 doz., $4. Photo cards, album size, single copy, 25 cents; 1 doz., $2.50.

Pictures sent by mail on receipt of price to any part of the United States, Canada, England, or Ireland. Address


Osage Agency, Indian Territory.




Sitting Bull is resting.

Osage Indian dogs are part wolf.

Osages want to go to Washington.

The Osage Legislature is in session.

Osages are drawing new blankets.

The Osage annuity payment is over.

Osages are no longer in pursuit of buffalo.

Osages call the spirits of the dead witches.

Kaw Indians use pole cat skins for tobacco bags.

Locher Harjo is principle Chief of the Creek Nation.

Soldiers are leaving Fort Sill en route for New York.

Spotted Tail says that his country is covered with gold.

Gray wolves howl and kill young cattle on Bird Creek.

Two teachers and 85 pupils constitute the Pawnee (Indian) school.

A Quapaw hunter has found one old panther and four young ones.

Spotted Tail and his people were warmly welcomed by the Creeks.

Indian dogs and wolves do not fight, but play together on the plains.

The Creeks are sensible in wanting northern Indians to occupy lands in this Territory.

Santanta, the Kiowa chief, hung himself recently, but was discovered and cut down.

Ing gro heh tow ah is the Osage name, for "Dead folks" town" or "Happy Hunting Ground."

John Twogiver is a full blood Mexican, and the Comanches sold him to the Osages when a little child.

The Creeks will send eighteen young men of their tribe to the States to be educated among the whites.

The law making powers of the Creek Nations consists of two Houses, one of Kings and one of Warriors.

Spotted Tail wants to see President Grant before deciding upon matter of his removal to this Territory.

Members of the Cherokee Delegation are paid $5 per diem and necessary expenses while at Washington.




Gen. Custer's camp pet during the last Yellowstone campaign was a famous dog, which had been given to him by a Bismarck Judge. Ten days after the massacre on the Little Big Horn, the dog returned to Fort Lincoln, a distance of 500 miles, in search of his master.




From the Territory.


The snow storm in this vicinity was terrible, lasting four days. The thermometer, Thursday and Friday nights, was below zero. Freighters have suffered much from the cold, many of them having their feet frosted. John Lane, a cattle boy coming down the trail, was badly frozen in the feet and ankles. Two companies of Infantry passed down today for Reno, having been out in all the storm.

Last week the old ranch was honored with a pleasant visit from a company of ladies and gentlemen from Caldwell. Such music, dancing, and sport as were enjoyed while their visit lasted does not often fall to our lot. I was sorry I could not follow them to the State, to partake of the feast I presume they will have over the 200 turkeys which the hunters bagged while here.

The old man who was murdered near this place was named

Warnemaker. Dick Simpson, the murderer, was captured at Jacksonborough, Texas. Respectfully,





The Younger Boys in Wichita.

"There is many a slip between the cup and the lip," and a fair tally of the number would probably show as many lucky slips as disastrous ones. What the true character of the slip that saved Wichita from, or defrauded her of, the notoriety of Northfield, Minnesota, we must leave our readers to settle.

That Wichita was chosen by the Younger and James Brothers as the theatre for the bold robbery committed and terrible tragedy afterward enacted at Northfield, we have the most satisfactory evidence.

To the failure of the First National Bank are we indebted, alone, for an escape from robbery if not bloodshed.

We believe it is not known to our City Marshal or police, to this day, that Cole Younger and a portion of the Younger and James gangs, consisting of three afterwards hung, and the two now in the penitentiary, were in Wichita at the time of the failure of the First National Bank, for the sole purpose of going through that institution. The fact of the large amount of money necessary to move the Texas cattle and the vast amount of grain that found a market here, no doubt convinced them that Wichita was the most favorable point for the nefarious job.

They were in our place between two and three weeks. One of the party was very genteelly dressed, and acted and talked like an intelligent businessman, and he posted himself as to the ins and outs of all our banks. Another of the party was genteel shabby--a man at least forty-five years old, whom one would have judged to have seen better days. The latter wanted land, but was not averse to taking a drink with the boys. The others we know nothing about, and don't know that we ever saw them. They were at no time together. Their arrangements, so far as known, were to have gone through the National Bank in daylight, upon the programme carried out at Northfield, where it will be remembered, a portion of the gang rode up and down the street, yelling like demons and shooting off their pistols, playing drunk, while others, during the street excitement, entered the bank and robbed its vault and killed the cashier.

We venture the assertion that it was a good thing for them that the bank busted, while it might have been a good thing for the bank's stockholders and officers had they succeeded. Upon the one hand, our officers and people would not have been panic stricken or stood, for a moment, any such nonsense as shooting revolvers on the open street, while on the other hand, the bank, just before closing, was very short of money, and had the robbers went through it, nobody but themselves and officers would have known how much they got.

We are not permitted this time to give the source of our information, but we assure our readers that it is perfectly reliable. In truth, the whole matter was known to a few immediately after the failure of the First National Bank. Eagle.





Their Custom of Courtship and MarriageCTheir Mode of Burial.

The Indians talk little under any circumstances. Thus it is naturally supposable that when a young fellow dons his best suit (which is generally set off with a calico blouse, having large, flaming sleeves, and his hat stuck full of feathers, with two or three yards of scarlet ribbon hanging down his back), he would be about speechless by the time he arrives at the "old man's" mansion. After dismounting from his pony, he takes his position on the fence and sits there until he sees his fair one at the door, when he grins audibly, and if she doeth likewise, he takes it for granted that he is welcome and goes into the house, which generally consists of one room and contains the whole family, and therein he has to make his speech, which at the furthest amounts to three grunts.

His success depends very much on an invitation to smoke by the father of the courted lass. If the "old man" has any respect for him, he lights his pipe, and after taking a whiff, hands it to the young man, who in turn, takes a whiff; and so they proceed, whiff about. The length of time they smoke depends altogether on the esteem the father has for the beau.

After a certain number of such visits, he finally musters up courage enough to say, "Che te ha li-de la li um mi?," which means in English, "Will you have me." If she says, "Ugh," he is accepted; but if she says, "Ky yo," which means "No," he takes himself off. If she gives a grunt, the preparations are made.

On the day appointed for the wedding, the groom arrives on a pony, and leading another, that has a side saddle for the bride. On arriving at the house, without dismounting, he fastens her pony to the fence, and then rides off a short distance in the direction they are to go. Shortly the bride steps out dressed in the height of fashion--a new calico dress, a white pocket handkerchief around her neck, and a large red one tied over her head and ears, and a pair of new shoes across her arm, which she puts on just before reaching the parson's. As soon as she mounts her pony, the man starts on, and she follows from 50 to 200 yards behind. On arriving at the parsonage, he gets off, ties his horse, and goes into the house and makes known his business. By this time the lady arrives, dismounts, secures her horse and goes into the house, leans herself on the side of it near the door, and patiently waits till someone discovers her and bids her enter.

All things being in readiness, the minister, who is usually a white missionary, motions the couple to stand up, and performs the ceremony in English, which is about as intelligible to them as Greek; but when the minister stops talking, they depart, leaving the poor clergyman without fee or thanks. They usually go to the husband's parents and stay about a year before attempting the arduous duties of housekeeping.

After getting married a Choctaw does as they do in IndianaCthat is, if he doesn't like the squaw, he gets a divorce, which is granted on the most frivolous pretext.

In case a husband or wife dies, the Choctaws have two funerals. At the death all the relatives and friends are sent for, and on their arrival, they commence a series of wailings and lamentations both loud and long. The nearest of kin keep up their howling and mourning during all the first night and until noon of the next day. The grave is dug in the house, generally in one corner of the room, and after the body is deposited and it is filled up, the surviving wife or husband must have a bed made directly over it and sit and sleep there for the next six days.

Anyone not a parent is buried outside of the house, somewhere in the yard. During the six weeks of mourning, the women let their hair hang down over their shoulders and the men do theirs up in a great knot at the back of the head. At the expiration of this time, preparations are made on a grand scale for a grand ado. Two or three beeves are killed and barbecued and a like number of hogs are dressed and boiled up with corn. All the knicknacks which they know how to cook are profusely supplied, and on the appointed day a long table of rough boards is erected and on it the eatables are placed. Just before eating the big dinner, all the relations collect around the grave and for half an hour, they make the woods ring with their howls.

At a given signal, however, this all terminates suddenly, and rejoicing takes the place of weeping and moaning. The women do up their hair and the men untie their pigtails, and a rush is made for dinner. After the general good feeling prevails; the survivor is congratulated on the get up of the whole affair, and the best wishes are expressed that he or she may soon find another partner, which is usually done in a very few weeks.

Ignorance and superstition still holds sway over these poor people. The half-breeds are much more intelligent. Since the war, or practically since the railroads were run through their county, they are really worse off than before, as stock men have come in and bought up most of their cattle, and, although they paid them a fair price, the Indians spent the money foolishly, and now have neither cattle nor money.





The Lord's Prayer.

We have been asked many times for a translation of the Lord's prayer into the Osage language, and for a long time we tried in vain to obtain it. There are but few people now living, who are conversant with both the Osage and English languages, and a translation of this kind, properly made, is regarded as one of the most difficult tasks undertaken by the translator. However, we induced Wm. Connor, one of the best translators in the tribe, to try his hand, and after much study, with the following result, which is probably the best interpretation of it that has ever been made, and as good as is likely to be made at any future period.

In tah tsa un-co-tah pe mo-heh mo she-tah ing sheh.

Shah sha e-tah-tsa o ho-pa-sa-low:

O wah tun kah lee-tah-tse tsa-low;

Mo heh mo she-tah hah-co-tse-tsa-tah a-co-tse tsa-low:

Hum-pah-la-cah wah-chu-tsa on-co-tah-pe hum-pah

ca-sah-ne wah-q-pe-o:

Osh-cah pe-she on-le-she-lah-pe-keh wah-lo-stah-pe

com-bli-o, Osh-cah pe-she wak-she-lah-pe-ka ong-co-lah-pe-o:

Osh-cah pe-she o-wah-gle-ho-wah-pe-lin-cah, Osh-cah

pe-she geh-tse-tah heh-wah-gle ste-stah-pe-o.




WINFIELD, KANSAS, January 3, 1877.

The ceremony of laying the cornerstone of the new M. E. Church at Winfield will take place on Wednesday, Jan. 10th, 1877, at 1 o'clock p.m. All Masons in good standing are cordially invited to be present and participate in the ceremonies.

Programme: The members of the Order will meet at the Masonic Hall at 1 o'clock p.m.; forming in procession, will march to the place where the building is to be erected; music, raising corner stone, prayer by Rev. J. E. Platter, depositing coins, etc.; music, ceremonies of laying cornerstone, anthem, address by Grand Master, oration by Rev. J. L. Rusbridge, doxology, benediction.





To the 22nd of February, 1877, Clark & Williams' enterprise. On the above date it will positively take place.


December 27th, 1879.




The thermometer on Friday morning last, marked nine degrees below zero. This is the coldest weather since the winter of 1872-1873, when it was colder by five degrees; the thermometer indicating fourteen degrees below for two successive mornings. Several persons were frozen to death and a large number more or less injured by the cold. When the window glasses are broken by the frost and the wagon wheels ring out like sleigh bells, it is a good sing of the low temperature. We notice quite a number of the large panes riven by the cold. Beacon.







WHOA! January.

RABBITS are plenty.

The ice-packers were busy last week.

ALBERT WELLS writes from Missouri that he had his foot cut off in a saw mill.

The gentle zephyr of Sunday morning last came near blowing out the front of Newton's shop.

MR. NAIL had his foot damaged by the falling of a cake of ice while packing it in Mitchell's ice house.

JAMES MITCHELL has 100 tons of ice in his house on the Walnut. It is nine inches thick and clear as crystal.

MR. PRUDEN and wife took their departure for Dayton, Ohio, last Saturday morning, accompanied by Henry Pruden.

The hunters returned from the Territory last Monday evening; after an absence of thirteen days. They killed four deer and several turkeys.

R. A. HOUGHTON made cash sales last Monday to the amount of over $100. He is now occupying the room one door north of the post office.

MARRIED. At Silverdale, on Thursday, January 4, by G. W. Herbert, Esq., Mr. White to Mrs. Battles, aged 65 years each; all of Silverdale township. "Never too late to mend."

CHEAP FOR CASH. M. S. FARIS & CO., are anxious to close out their winter clothing and gents' underwear, and will offer bargains worth looking after. Their stock is full and complete. Store opposite the Post Office in Channell & Co.'s former place of business.


At the last meeting of the County Commissioners, the contract for county printing was let to the Courier at one-fourth the legal rates prescribed by law. Dr. Graham was awarded the contract to attend the paupers in case medical assistance was needed for $5 for six months, and the contract for keeping paupers was let at $3.50 per week, cash, washing and mending of clothes included.



Membership in Presbyterian Church had increased from 27, twenty-one months ago, to nearly 90 at present. The Ladies' Society of the Presbyterian Church, organized some fourteen months ago, realized about $427 during that period.

"Rev. Fleming has preached more than 150 sermons since his location with us, but we doubt if he ever delivered a more powerful one than that of last Sabbath."



This, with their own stock of goods, has so crowded their store as to make it almost impossible to get around, and in order to dispose of them before spring, they offer better bargains than any other house this side of Emporia, notice of which will be seen in their new advertisement. This firm was well named "Old Reliable," having commenced here at the first settlement of the town six years ago, occupying a small room in the building now owned by L. C. Wood, and doing mostly their own hauling.

Business began to increase on their hands so rapidly that they were obliged to have an addition to the building, in all 50 feet long. This store was occupied three years, when, their business still further increasing, they were obliged to build the present large business house, known as the "Green Front," with several store-houses to hold their immense stock of goods, and now for the fourth time they are compelled to look for larger quarters.

We believe this firm has built up its present very large trade by straightforward dealing, treating all alike, and giving everyone the worth of his or her money. In spite of hard times, grasshopper, and Indian raids, and while nearly every house has changed hands one or more times during the past six years, the "Old Reliable" still holds together, and will continue to hold on to the last--giving all the most goods for the least money of any house in Cowley county.



NINETY-NINE YEARS OLD. FOR SEVERAL MONTHS PAST, NANCY McGUIRE, GRANDMOTHER OF MRS. BAKER, has ben living at this place, and caused no particular notice. She is a native of Ireland and came to this country about one year ago. From her childhood she has enjoyed good health, and is now as strong and spry as most women are at fifty years of age.

She was born in August, 1777, and is now over 99 years of age. At the age of fifty, she frequently walked eight miles to market and back in one day, carrying a pail of butter. She now does her own washing and housework, and bids fair to live to be a centenarian. Her habits are very regular and if she can have bread, buttermilk, and potatoes, she has all she desires.



At the residence of the bride's father, Col. Taylor, near Bonham, Texas, on Thursday, the 28th ult., by the Rev. Carrolton, Mr. HAROLD GOOCH and MISS MOLLIE TAYLOR. Denison Daily Cresset.

The happy couple have our hearty congratulations, and we trust that many years of wedded life are in store for them. Harold Gooch was one of the first in this section, and is remembered by many of our citizens.


The supremacy and power of mind over matter were strikingly illustrated during last Sunday's services by the undivided attention which A. A. Newman's dog, "Bob," paid to Mr. Fleming's remarks. He has evidently been the object of much careful training at home, and know how to listen respectfully, though his exploring propensities will sooner or later lead him into difficulty.


There will be a Lady Washington tea party given in honor of Washington, on his birthday, Feb. 22, by the ladies of the M. E. Society, for the benefit of the M. E. Church. Managing Committee: Rev. J. J. Wingar, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. McMullen, Mrs. Alexander, Mrs. Fitch.




The Kaw Lands.

The following dispatch from Senator Ingalls to Judge Huffaker, is agreeable news of our Kaw Land settlers. It is assurance to them that their Representatives have not left them alone, or been as indifferent to their interests as they were led to suppose, from the turn affairs had taken.

WASHINGTON, D.C., Dec. 12, 1876, 2:45 p.m.

T. S. HUFFAKER: The Commissioner has ordered the question to be again submitted to the Kaw Indians, at my request.


This re-opening of the case bids fair to secure what our people have so long and ardently hoped forCa final settlement of the question.




The spire of the Methodist Church at Winfield is to be 100 feet high. The corner- stone is to be laid on the 10th inst. by the Masons.




Kansas Chief: We learn that the belief prevails among the old neighbors of Bolivar B. Payne, formerly of Wolf River township, that he and his entire family were murdered, last summer, by Indians. They left Doniphan county last spring, for the Black Hills, and remained for awhile at Cheyenne. He wrote regularly every two weeks until he left Cheyenne for the Black Hills, in May, since when not a word has been received from him. There were accounts of the murder of a party of men, women, and children, containing just about the number of persons that Payne's party did, and about the time it would require his party to reach the point of the murder, after leaving Cheyenne.




Plenty of snow.

Our schoolhouse caught fire the 15th inst.

Lazette school in good condition, with an attendance of 75 scholars.

The Methodists are making a move toward building a church in this place.

You will save yourself much trouble by renting a post office box. The postmaster is a little deaf.

SILVER MINE IN COWLEY. What is reported to be a silver mine has been found near the east line of Cowley county on a tributary of the Cana. The precious metal crops out in three places in the banks of the stream, varying in thickness from four to eight inches. If such be the case, the eastern part of Cowley is not so far from no place after all.

On the 12th instant a prairie fire swept over the country on our north, devouring everything on its way. John Cooper is one among the many who suffered from its devouring elements, losing hay, grain, stable, harness, combined reaper and mower, and other farm implements. This should serve as a warning to all concerned. The guards should be made early in the fall for protection. Mr. Cooper has resided in this county four years, and has been partially burnt out three times.




SENATOR PYBURN is a member of the Judiciary Committee (one of the most important of the Senate), also, the Committee on Enrolled Bills, Accounts, Internal Improvements, and Texas CattleCfive in all.


PETITIONS are being circulated asking our Senator and Representatives in the Legislature to work for the repeal of the present Railway bond law, requiring a two-thirds vote to lend aid to a railroad. As the law stands at present, it is doubtful if bonds can be carried even in Cowley county, to say nothing of the counties north of us.


Eleven miners came into Camp Brown on the 6th after supplies, from the head of Wood river, Wyoming Territory, and brought coarse gold with them. The report about thirty men now in the diggings, working with rockers, making ten dollars per day and upwards. One man found a nugget weighing thirty dollars. The party report no snow on the mountains, and very little in camp. They will return immediately.




Legislative Summary. In the Senate the principal business was the announcement of the standing committees. H. C. R. No. 1, in relation to the Osage ceded lands, adopted by the House, was concurred in by the Senate, and President Salter [Lieutenant Governor M. J. Salter] thanked the Senators for their prompt action in behalf of the settlers.

In the House two long resolutions were introduced by Mr. Hubbard, one in regard to the Indian policy in the Indian Territory, and the other in regard to the construction of railroads in the Territory.



COAL six dollars per ton in Wichita.

WOOD five dollars per cord in Wellington.

HUNTING QUAIL is illegal after January 1st.

HOG killing continues with usual activity.

A SON was born to Mr. and Mrs. Kirtly last week.

MR. V. HAWKINS has his new house almost completed.

CORN brings thirty cents per bushel on the streets of Wellington.


SLIGHT rain Sunday evening, accompanied by thunder and lightning.

ANOTHER fearful storm on Monday. The winter has been a rare exception.

JAMES HUEY will move to and reside on his farm east of the Walnut next month.

JUDGE CHRISTIAN and Mr. Mantor have been confined to their houses for several weeks.

FIFTY teams will start for Fort Sill this week, loaded with flour. They will all go together.

The band boys' entertainment will be given as soon as Newman's building is plastered.

The wind last Monday night took the roof off of Mrs. Wright's addition to their stone house.

DIED. Clara, youngest child of Nathaniel Arnett, died last Saturday morning, aged four months.

HOUSES are so scarce in this place that stables have been fitted up and rented for five dollars per month.

REXFORD and ADAMS had their ears slightly frozen while coming from Newman's mill last Monday.

There is strong talk of a flouring mill at South Haven. It is just what the people in that vicinity need.

AN INDIAN makes his will by giving his ponies to his friends before he dies, and if he recovers, he claims his property again.

DIED. On Friday last, January 12th, Miss Logan, daughter of Drury Logan, of diphtheria. She was buried on Saturday following.

In the vicinity of Wichita hogs are dying in great numbers. The disease seems to affect the hind parts, making them unable to walk.


AGENT SPRAY has finally convinced a number of the Kaw Indians that it does no good to choke their best ponies to death over the graves of deceased Indians.

A. A. NEWMAN has the entire contract for furnishing flour to the Pawnees, Cheyennes, etc., having purchased Houghton & McLaughlin's, and R. C. Haywood's interests.

BUSINESS was quite lively in town last Saturday, notwithstanding the day was very unpleasant. Houghton & McLaughlin's store was crowded all day, making it almost impossible to get in or out.


THE THERMOMETER stood at twelve degrees above zero Monday afternoon, when it was so cold, proving the true saying of Kansas: "Out of the wind, out of the weather." Without the wind, it would not have been so cold.


CHETOPA, a noted chief of the Osages, is very low with consumption, and is not expected to live. He is one of the most intelligent and probably the best Indian of the Osage tribe. The members of his band are daily mourning for him, and paint their faces. If he dies, there will probably be the largest mourning party organized that has ever left the Agency. The Agent has been assured by leading men of the tribe that they will not commit any depredation when the mourning party goes out, but that they will merely go through the form of sending an enemy's scalp with him to the happy hunting grounds. On such an occasion, it can hardly be expected that they will lay aside all religious rites and the established customs of their forefathers, and we would not like to be caught in the Territory alone while the party is out.

"Che-to-pa" means four lodges, and the name is derived from the old chief attacking and capturing four lodges of his enemies many years ago. He will be remembered by many of our citizens, who always had considerable esteem for him.


ALLOWANCE should be made for the miscellaneous bitter and personal attacks of the Courier on public and private citizens. Ever since the election the defeated editor has not really been himself. Wrapped in his shawl, he stands about the corners snapping and snarling at everyone. Occasionally he endeavors to smile, but the attempt is so feeble that it causes sorrow to the bystanders. There was a time, his friends say, when he was affable and agreeable, but a gloom came over his aspirations, and he stands, as it were, alone, crestfallen, and bereft.


LIST OF OFFICERS elected by the Cowley County District Grange, Saturday, January 6th, 1877.

Wm. White, Master.

Ed. Green, Overseer.

G. N. Fowler, Lecturer.

C. C. Krow, Steward.

H. L. Barker, Assistant Steward.

S. H. Sparks, Chaplain.

Jas. O. Vanorsdal, Treasurer.

Calvin Coon, Secretary.

F. Schwantes, Gate Keeper.

Mrs. Vanorsdal, Ceres.

Mrs. Barker, Pomona.

Mrs. White, Flora.

Miss Birdzell, Lady Assistant Steward.



SEVERAL CASES OF DIPTHERIA are reported in this vicinity. It is also prevailing at Wellington, Sumner county.


WHEAT was sold as high as $1.28 per bushel in Wichita last week. There has been comparatively little taken in during the late cold spell. The chances are that it will advance still more, as it is quoted at $1.40 in St. Louis, and the tendency is upward. The farmers are having a happy time once more, and when they prosper, we all prosper.


In this issue the advertisement of the Old Reliable Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad appears. It is the most practical route from Kansas to the East, and affords a safe and pleasant journey. No change is made from Wichita or Kansas City, and only one change is necessary to carry you into Chicago.


The Lazette Bugle comes again. Since its last issue it has grown to double its original proportions. Among the ads we notice, "We, Us & Co., Attorneys at Jaw," "Get & Keep, Bankers," and other ingenious ads. Keep up courage, John, and the Bugle sound will be heard throughout the land.


ICE. MORGAN & RENTSCHLER have an ice house near the Central Avenue Hotel, and 150 tons of very clear Walnut river ice packed in it. The experiment of keeping ice over two winters will be tried by some parties. Last summer were was no ice in the market, owing to the mild winter before.


The Wichita market is full of wild game such as turkeys, prairie chickens, etc. There has been but very few on the market in Topeka this year.


Last Saturday night the snow was 10 inches deep on the level in Northern Texas. No such a snow storm has been experienced there in twenty years. In this part of Kansas, there has not been over six inches of snow on the ground at one time.




How One A. Jones Beat His Boarding Mistress.

"Boarders Wanted."

The above sign hung out at an uptown fashionable looking house some few months ago, and was quietly commented on by the passerby whether or no one on moderate means could board at such an austere looking place. But never mind the house, it is the occupants and he that did occupy the widow's best room that attention is called to just now.

He was a very elegant gentleman, a New Yorker, could converse upon all the favorite topics of the day, wore a No. 5 boot and an equally sized glove. His name out of respect to the widow, is called Adolphus Jones. Six months had he eaten and drank and slept in this house, knowing well that the widow's only income was from her boarders. At first he paid promptly, and was one of the shining lights in Kansas City's society, occasionally entertaining men of high standing, was looked upon in a business way. As a retired capitalist, he would saunter from the door step every pleasant morning, drawing on his dainty kids, smoking his Havana with an airy grace, and so irreproachably respectable, that the widow trusted him, as widows always have and always will.

Time flew on, and he was sorely embarrassed with his little financial affair, grew more delinquent, until he excused himself to the lenient widow, on the plea that he was going to New York, and sweetly promised her a draft from Gotham, and meanwhile, my dearest Madame, I will leave my trunk as security, and the perfumed conglomeration of Vanity Fair took his little grip sack and departed. Poor widow waited one month and no news from Adolphus; two months and Christmas come followed by New Year's, and no word from A. J. Her wrath could stand it no longer. She sent for a Main street locksmith and opened the trunk. She found 12 volumes of patent office reports, one pair of old boots, a pack of well worn cards, and two shirts whose bosoms were as faultless as the human breast they had once covered. The locksmith took the boots for his pay; Brown, the junk man, got the books, and the shirts go to the poor. The widow has taken in the sign and gone to Clay county to visit.

The curtain falls over this sad picture. Adolphus is in all probability not far away, comfortable enhoused under the immediate care of some unsuspected widow with an easy conscience, keeping up an appearance, with the adage of, "Present a fair outside to the world." Kansas City Times.

The above described "gentleman" will be remembered by the people of this place, as "Jones, the sheep man," who vacated his boarding place without leaving the usual recompense.








Frozen to Death.

Wichita, Kans., Jan. 12. A well-to-do farmer, Mr. E. Conklyn, living two and one-half miles southwest of Wichita, on returning home, found some stock missing. One of his sons left to look after it, and not returning at a late hour, the family looked for him during the night, but did not find him until too late. The bitter wind had chilled the young man and they found him frozen to death within seventy-five yards of Mr. Attwood's house, and one or two miles from home. The thermometer during the night was but two degrees below zero.




The Commonwealth in its mention of the different State Senators, says:

Andrew J. Pyburn was born September 12, 1837, in Andrew county, Missouri; received an academical education; read law at Bedford, Iowa; was admitted to the bar in 1870, and practiced at Bedford for two years; removed to Cowley Co., Kansas, in 1872, and has since practiced his profession at Arkansas City and Winfield; has served as County Attorney for one term; and was elected to the Senate as a Democrat in 1876.




Messrs. Williams and Rev. Platter will commence the erection of a hotel building on the corner of Main Street and 10th Avenue, as soon as the weather will permit. The building is to be 25 feet wide, 70 feet in length, and two stories in height, to be constructed of brick and stone with cut stone corners. This will be quite an attractive building and a great improvement to South Main street. Telegram.




County Road.

A petition signed by S. C. Smith, and others, of Winfield township, asking for a view and a survey for the purpose of locating a certain county road, commencing at or near the north end of a bridge, across the Walnut river, west of the city of Winfield, thence running southwesterly along the high bank of said river to the middle line of the northwest quarter of section 29, township 32, south of range 4 east, thence west on said line to the western boundary of said quarter section, thence northwesterly about 50 rods across a ravine, thence north to the south line of the southeast quarter of section 19, township 32, range 4 east, thence west on said line to the southeast corner of the southwest quarter of section 19, township 32, range 4 east, and for the discontinuance of that part of the road known as the S. C. Smith road, from last mentioned point to the intersection with the Winfield and Nennescah State road, was presented and granted, and that Samuel W. Phenix, H. Harbough, and Calvin Coon, viewers, and the county surveyor, will meet on the 10th day of March, A. D. 1877, at 10 o'clock a.m., of said day, and proceed to view and survey said road.


County Road.

A petition signed by G. P. Wagner, and others, asking for a view and a survey for the purpose of locating a certain county road, commencing on the county road at or near the school house in school district No. 5, running thence some thirty three degrees west to the north line of the town site of Dexter, at Maple street, and that the present county road between the place of beginning above and the range line between ranges six and seven be discontinued, was presented and granted, and A. J. Bryan, John Maurer, and W. W. Underwood, appointed viewers, and the county survey will meet on the 6th day of March, A. D. 1877, at 10 o'clock, and proceed to view and survey said road.




The Black Hills Pioneer says: "Five months ago where there was a tangled mass of pine and other brush, there stands the city of Deadwood, a city of three thousand inhabitants. The city is a mile long, has over two hundred business houses, a mayor, and a municipal government.




Some person or persons drove off Mr. Huff's team from the school house at Salt City Sunday evening, Jan. 14th, and at noon, Monday, he had no trace of them.


Jack McCall, the murderer of Wild Bill, is to be hanged on the first of next March. He says his name is not Jack McCall, but refuses to give his true name.





JOHN BOYD is a Granger.

WALKER has three bay teams.

WILL BURKEY has returned from Iowa

CHARLEY SIPES makes the best stove pipes.

S. D. PRYOR has married the cousin of his first wife. Success.

F. M. FRIEND will make your old watches new for a small sum.

Before going to Wichita, price Haywood's Kansas wagons.

The prospects of the war in Europe is raising the price of grain.

CORN. A number of teams are in from Sumner county after corn.

REV. RIGBY, of Winfield, has invented a patent safely lamp burner. [LOOKS LIKE SAFELY...???]

The wild geese have made their homes on the Arkansas all winter.

The small bridge north of L. C. Norton's is being repaired. It needs it.

SOLD. Charles Parker sold his house and lot to Hermann Godehard.

Some thief helped himself to 45 bushels of Wm. Kay's wheat last week.

Two doors south of Sid Major's hotel is the best livery in Winfield.

The brother of Mr. Baldwin died at the Central Hotel in Winfield on the 12th.

FRANK GALLOTTI sold his interest in the clothing store at Winfield to Mr. Wallace.

BENEDICT & Co. have a good, cheap, wooden pump, just the thing for farmers.

MR. MITCHELL's daughter, who was so badly burned last week, is slowly recovering.



The Pawnee and Kaw Indians adorned our streets all day last Sunday and Monday.

T. C. BIRD traded 80 acres of land north of town for A. O. Porter's blacksmith shop.

The ground is frozen twelve inches in depth, where it is bare, and unprotected by grass.

PROF. TICE predicts the coldest weather of this year will be during the latter part of January.

MARRIED, on Grouse creek, last Sunday evening, Dr. Anderson and Miss Laura Musselman.

CURNS & MANSER do the real estate business for Winfield and the greater part of Cowley county.

TO FT. SILL. JOSEPH SHERBURNE left for Fort Sill this morning. He expects to be absent two weeks.

75,000 pounds of flour left this place for Fort Sill last week, to supply the hungry Cheyennes and Arrapahoes.

VISITING. Major Sleeth left yesterday morning to visit his friends in Illinois and Ohio. He will be absent about a month.

THE ARKANSAS CITY BANK has a number of tracts of land taken on mortgages that can be bought far below the actual value.

The Cowley County Telegram is to be enlarged to a seven column, eight page paper, making it the largest weekly in the State.

NEWTON and MITCHELL say they can discount any man in the Southwest on good and cheap harness and saddles. Try them.

MR. BENJAMIN WRIGHT of Beaver Township lost his house by fire on the 11th inst., caused by a spark falling on the bed clothes.

A. CHAMBERLAIN writes us from Mauston, Wisconsin, saying it is too cold for him up there, and he expects to be back as soon as cold weather is over.

ED. FINNEY is a fast man, keeps fast horses, a fast dog, and a rattling good livery, with fast young fellows to look after the wants of transient's teams.

SID MAJOR paid this place a visit last week, on his way to his farm in Bolton Township. "Sid" is known all over Kansas as the toney hotel man of the Southwest.


INSTALLATION. A Committee of the Presbytery of Emporia will meet in the First Presbyterian Church of this place on next Sabbath morning, at half past ten o'clock, to participate in the installation of Rev. S. B. Fleming as Pastor of the Church.

The sermon will be delivered by Rev. Timothy Hill D. D., of Kansas City, Mo. The "Charge to the Pastor" will be delivered by Rev. James E. Platter of Winfield, and the "Charge to the People" by Rev. John P. Harsen, of Wichita.


DIED OF NIGHTMARE. Two brothers from New Boston, Chautauqua Co., Kansas, arrived at Wichita, one night last week, and slept in their wagons. Some time in the night the livery man, near whose stable they stopped, heard a groaning sound, but as it soon ceased, he paid no attention to it. In the morning when the brother went to the wagon to see why the deceased did not get up, he found him dead and stiff with cold. The apples were sold for $1 per bushel and the brother started home with him to their home.




The suicide of Helen Grey, of South Haven, has caused considerable excitement and comment in Sumner county. It was a cool, deliberate case of life taking, brought on by the only imprudent act of her life through the conniving influence of a base deceiver. The young lady made every preparation to leave the world, and dressed herself for the grave. She then made her last request and dying statement.


On Saturday, the 13th inst., Helen Grey, living sixteen miles west of this place, took strichnia and caused her own death, while her parents were absent from home. The victim was loved and respected by all who knew her, and was far above shame or reproach. The family were formerly from Iowa, and moved to their present location (3-1/2 miles southeast of South Haven) early in 1876, accompanied by a young friend and neighbor named August George, who settled on a tract of land nearby and boarded with the family. Young George and Miss Helen became very intimate, and as time wore on, the young lady became very much attached to him, and an engagement of marriage followed. All went well until four months ago, when George disappeared. Nothing unusual was thought of his absence, however, as he had talked of going to Waterville, in this State. But as the time of their marriage drew near, Helen grew uneasy, but not sad, until two weeks ago, when she received a card from her betrothed, saying "they would never meet again;" that he intended going to California, and would never marry her. The members of the family were all absent, except an innocent little girl six years of age, and the unfortunate young girl took advantage of the opportunity to destroy her life by her own hands.

Before committing the sorrowful act, she calmly seated herself at the table and write the following letter to her sister, in which she warns her to beware of deceivers, and asks forgiveness for herself and the destroyer of her happiness.

Dear Sister: Try to forgive me. The letter I received from August you will find enclosed. Rather than disgrace you all, I will go to my grave. Let me be buried just as I am dressed, near little brother. Let me be forgotten. I am prepared to die, and do not want to live. Father, mother, sister, try to forgive August! But how can I? Sister, do not ever be deceived as I have been. Farewell! I go down in prayer, and beg God to help you all.

Your Dear Sister, HELEN.


Dear August: For I can only call you so--why have you forsaken me? Can you so soon forget your vows? Will you let me go down in disgrace? You know you have robbed me of all that is dear to woman. You will never see my face again. Rather than bring the shame on my dear friends, I have resolved to take my own life. I will try to forgive. I ask one promise from you: Will you come to my grave every June and leave a rose, and think of your "sweet Helen," as you used to call me?--and think that you have driven me to the grave in disgrace? Perhaps you may never get this letter, but you may read it. Farewell forever!

Your Neglected




FIRE. On Tuesday evening of last week, the cry of fire was raised and a number rushed to the scene of action, among them Al. Mowry with an extinguisher, and the flames were soon subdued. The scene of the excitement was Mrs. McCoy's kitchen, which caught fire from the stove pipe. The extinguisher did not have a chance to play on the flames; but the fact of its being on hand, proves it was well placed in a convenient location.


PROF. WILKINSON is Agent for Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, and is disposing of a great many. The "Centennial" edition contains 3,000 cuts of animals, birds, reptiles, machinery, architecture, etc., besides the colored pages of the flags of all nations. The book is a very valuable one and almost indispensable to a library or household. A copy can be seen at the Post Office. Price, $12.00 cash; or $15.00 on one year's time.


In company with the gentlemanly manager of the "City Livery, Feed and Sale Stable," and two other gentlemen, we took a short ride to the spot on the divide where Arkansas City was to be, in case Max Fawcett's grape line survey of years ago made us in the Territory. The place has changed somewhat, and is now almost forgotten by the oldest residents. "Ed." drove the sorrels, and the ride was quick and pleasant.


BAND BOYS EXHIBITION. Next week the Band boys will give their exhibition in Newman's building. The exercises will consist of vocal and instrumental music, farces, Ethiopian delineations, and everything that has any fun in it. If you want a good laugh and to hear fine music, make it convenient to be on hand.


[ABOUT MANNING.] An effort was made to send a man to Topeka to "change the bond law," in Winfield, lately. The citizens were to pay his board and expenses. As the gentleman had played that game a number of times before, merely to look after political matters, they declined; and the gentleman remained at home.


FLOUR MILL. Mr. Johnson & Lewis, of Elk Falls, are building a good grist and saw mill, on Mr. Mann's farm on Grouse creek. Work on the dam has begun. It is estimated the cost of the mill and dam will reach $16,000. By cutting across a bend in the creek and building a twelve foot dam, he gets a fall of nineteen feet and eight inches.


Frightful Accident. A lamp exploded last week in the hands of Mattie Mitchell, daughter of James I. Mitchell, burning her face and arms frightfully. Mrs. Mitchell ran to her assistance and smothered the flames with her dress.


A. O. PORTER sold his blacksmith shop to T. C. BIRD, and CHARLES PARKER leased his to WILSON and WOODARD. RUDOLPH HOFFMASTER wants to sell his. The building, trading, and selling of blacksmith shops has been exceedingly lively during the last year.


It was reported that one of Pinkerton's detectives was in town last Thursday. The Salt City mystery and several other matters need looking after, besides the many depredations daily committed in the Territory.


AL. MOWRY is agent for a good and celebrated washing machine, and claims it is the best ever invented, warranted to wash paint, oil, or grease from any garment and the stains from a man's conscience.


HON. C. R. MITCHELL is a member of the Committee on Appropriations, Educational Institutes, and Revisions of Laws. Hon. L. J. WEBB is a member of the Committee on Printing and State Library.


WHEAT was sold as high as $1.35 per bushel in Wichita, last week, and the demand was very good. Our informant says, "I did not have to hunt around for a buyer, either."


MR. D. A. MILLINGTON, one of Winfield's most prominent and successful attorneys, thinks Cowley county must and will have a railroad within the next eighteen months.


The officers of the Winfield Chapter of Royal Arch Masons, were installed last Monday evening. Several members from this place attended.




Notice to Bridge Builders.

Sealed proposals will be received by the Board of Township Officers at the office of T. McIntire, until Thursday, March 1st, 1877, at 12 o'clock m., for the purpose of building the superstructure of a bridge, of either iron or wood, across the Walnut river, at or near Newman's mill: the bridge consisting of two spans, one ninety-four feet and six inches; and the other forty-five feet and six inches in length. Plans and specifications, with bonds for the completion of the bridge, must accompany each and every bid. The Board reserving the privilege of rejecting any and all bids.

T. McINTIRE, Trustee,

W. D. MOWRY, Clerk,





A Deserted Husband Sends Notice of His Wife

in Arkansas City.

WEIR CITY, CHEROKEE CO., KAS., January 5th, 1877.

Mr. C. M. Scott:

SIR: Please insert the following notice of my faithless wife, who I am informed is in your part of the State. I would have written sooner had I known she was there. I send this by a friend, who is on his way to Cedar Vale, in order that it may be more direct and safe.

NOTICE: This is to certify that my wife, Hannah Cobaugh, did shamefully, and without just cause or provocation, desert my bed and board, and openly elope with another man, and thereby destroy the comforts of home and family ties so dear to all. Hoping I shall never see the perfidious creature again, I hereby caution all honest and virtuous women against trusting her around their homes, or she may be the cause of destroying their future happiness, as she has done with others who have been deceived by her smooth and Christian-like ways.




SET HIS TRAPS AND WON THE BET. A young man by the name of Devore, living at Caldwell, made a wager that he could set four large beaver traps in four minutes and proceeded to do it. To set a trap without a lever is a difficult feat, and is usually done by placing a foot on each of the springs, and grasping the bottom of the trap with t2he hands in order to get a purchase to lay the springs. The young man set all the traps; but as he was using every exertion on the last one, he burst a blood vessel, and died in a few hours. The deceased was formerly a resident of this place, and will be remembered by many.


SINCE the lamp explosion of last week, our merchants are selling more candles, and lamps are being stuffed with cotton batting to prevent the spreading of the oil in case the lamp is broken.


A little compulsory education would be beneficial to some children in this vicinity. It is an injustice to keep them away from school.


ELDER WILLIAMS was arrested for assault and battery for whipping one of his pupils in school, last week.


One of our blacksmiths put on forty-one horse shoes one day last week.




Osages killed on buffalo.

The Indian pecan trade is over.

Sleigh bells jingle in Pawhuska.

Some Osage words resemble German.

Mourning Indians are wailing in the snow.

White Hair says the ice is 14 inches thick.

Most of the Osages have gone to their lodges.

59 Indian children are in school at this place.

Tommy Adams has shown us a five-footed pig.

Ferry boats have stopped and teams are driving over ice.

Locher Hargro, Governor of the Creek Nation, has been impeached.

Sermons by Supt. Nicholson are highly appreciated by Pawhuskans.

It is said that 12,000 Sioux Indians will come into the Territory next May.

Many houses built by the late Agent Gibson for the Osages have been abandoned.

John Robinson's absquatulated giraffe was recaptured in the streets of Catawba, North Carolina, last week. [???] [HAVE NO IDEA WHAT THIS MEANS...YES! WORD IS "absquatulated" giraffe...]

S. A. GALPIN, of the office of commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C., made Pawhuska his first visit last week.

CHE-TO-PAH, CHIEF COUNSELOR OF THE OSAGE NATION, who gave Agent Beede and Governor Joe a horse each as the last act of his life, is dead.

The Dodge City Times says a hunting party has returned from the Cimarron River where they killed 125 turkeys, 300 quails, 4 deer, and 4 buffalo.

Oliver S. Hiatt, of Fairmount, Kansas, is now Superintendent of the Pawhuska school, and will remain until the return of Supt. Huddleston, from the Kansas Legislature.

Hon. Aaron Huddleston, Superintendent of the Osage School at this place, has gone to Topeka, where he will represent the people of the 16th Representative District in the Kansas Legislature.




Mr. Goodyear furnishes us with the following figures of the transactions, for the month of December, at the cattle yards: Number of stock shippedChogs, 1,053; cattle, 119; sheep, 230; horses and mules, 10. Number received for same month, by railroad, sheep, 248; horses and mules, 45. Beacon.


The long looked for death of Commodore Vanderbilt occurred in New York City on the 4th inst. His last sickness was of several months' duration. He leaves property valued at 100 million of dollars. He was born on Staten Island, in May, 1791, and was consequently upwards of 83 years old.


Judge Campbell sentenced A. F. Horneman, convicted of an assault with an intent to kill, to five years in the penitentiary. J. I. Fink, convicted of horse theft, to the same period. Johnson, who confessed himself guilty of forgery, to one year in the State prison. The present term of the court has been more than usually fruitful of trials, for high crimes and misdemeanors. Wichita Beacon.


The Santa Fe road makes the following showing for the month of December, 1876, of shipments by car load, from Wichita: Wheat, 214 cars; corn, 25; hogs, 19; rye, 4; flax seed, 4; cattle, 6. The corn was shipped to Kansas City, Toledo, Ohio, and Pueblo, Colorado. A large amount of the wheat was shipped through to Toledo. Wichita Beacon.


The El Paso bridge is being thoroughly repaired or straightened up, quite a force of men being now employed in the work. The trouble seems to have been the foundation of shelving soap stone or slate upon which an upper side pier rested, and which washing out, caused a sag, swinging the entire structure out of plumb. The bridge will be made as good as new. But we are down on toll bridges when they can possibly be avoided, and we believe the county ought to own that bridge too. Eagle.




Che-to-pah and His Death.

It is well known by those of our readers who are acquainted with Indian history that rank or position in the tribeCof Osages especiallyCis accorded by hereditary right, either with or without qualification; but Che-to-pah was an exception to this rule. Royal blood did not give him position, above others. He was a self-made man among savages, who had forced his way, step by step, from one position to another, and ending his earthly career just one stop below that of his highest ambition.

He was a politician among savages, and at an early day he saw--as few of his race did--that the advancing hordes of civilization were encroaching upon the rights of Indians. At a time when it was unpopular among his people to advocate the cause of civilization, he saw before him two roads: the way of his ancestors with the enchantments of the chase; and the road to civilization and self-support by tilling the soil. In the absence of buffalo and the scarcity of other wild game, he saw necessity for the abandonment of the former and the acceptance of the latter; and though clad in a blanket, he put his children in school and advocated the civilization and education of his people.

Che to pah was a Chief CounselCor for the tribe, and the subject upon whom presents and favors were not unfrequently bestowed by the Agent, thus continuing his fidelity and alienating him from a portion of the tribe.

A little more than a year ago, the rupture assumed such formidable proportions that bloodshed among the Osages was loudly threatened, and in evidence of which we here quote from Agent Gibson to Supt. Hoag under date of Oct. 21, 1875.

"Last night I sent a request to the nearest military station (Cheyenne and Arapahoe Agency) for 100 cavalry for the purpose of preserving life and Government property at this Agency." . . .

The cavalry came and the bitterness of feeling that had been fostered in both factions culminated, but was lessened in no degree. The military remained two months and possibly prevented an outbreak and the shedding of blood, but still the party strife, in all the force of savage nature, was yet obvious and continued up to and on the advent of Cyrus Beede, the present U. S. Agent.

Che-to-pah was at the head of one party; and Joe Pah-ne-no-pah-she was at the head of the other. Each desired to be Governor of the tribe. The friends of no two Presidential candidates ever resorted to means more questionable to secure election or installation. Both parties claimed the electoral vote, and in this condition Agent Beede found the Osages less than one year ago. Two days were spent in tumultuous council before an opportunity was given him even to suggest a remedy for the trouble, which they felt their inability to settle in peace. At the close of the second day's council, when both parties were in despair, they were ready for the advice of their new Agent, which was an acknowledgment of Joe Pah-ne-no-pah-she as Governor, and Che-to-pah as Chief Counselor.

The fact of their being the leaders of contending factions gave them power to harmonize a distracted people, and also to led them on to a higher and better life. This advice being so unlike that given by their former Agent was a surprise; but at last accepted, and Joe and Che-to-pah were made Governor and Chief Counselor. The heated term now rapidly passed, and at the instance of Agent Beede, the Osages elected a Business Committee which, in conjunction with the Governor and Chief Counselor, transacts the necessary business of the tribe, and of whom mention was made in a former number of this paper.

Che-to-pah and Joe now became warm friends, and in proof of which, with the esteem in which Agent Beede was held by Che-to-pah, even to the last, there is no better evidence needed than which was witnessed in Che-to-pah's camp by Acting Commissioner Galpin, Superintendent Nicholson, and ourself on the 31st day of last month.

Che-to-pah had for some months suffered from disease, and being conscious of his near approach to death, runners were sent to invite Agent Beede, the Business Committee, and the gentleman above named, to his wigwam. After giving general instructions as to the disposition of his affairs, he referred to his life as a public servant and said he had hoped that he might live to do still more for his people; but that now death was near. He had two favorite ponies at the door of his lodge, one of which he requested Agent Beede to accept as a token of his friendship for him, and his confidence in his fidelity to the interests of the Osages; and the remaining one was his last present to Governor Joe, for whom he cherished no feeling of bitterness, but one of friendship.

Under the best treatment and nursing that could be given him in the absence of sufficient medical supplies and proper hospital accommodations, he rallied; and for eight days gave hope of ultimate recovery, but relapsed and died on the 9th inst.

Indian Herald.




SLIGHT rain Sunday night.

The roads are becoming heavy.

Concert a week from Friday next.

R. HOFFMASTER's little girl is very low with lung fever.

KELSO desired to drive stage, but failed to secure the situation.

ED. FINNEY took a flying trip to Wichita last Wednesday afternoon.

The late P. P. Bliss, the song writer, was a cousin of C. A. Bliss, of Winfield. Press.

MESSRS. Loyd & Illingsworth have started a plaster factory near Guelph P. O., Sumner county [DID HE MEAN KILLINGSWORTH??]

JAMES McDERMOTT, COUNTY ATTORNEY elect, has removed to Winfield, where he will remain permanently. Courier.

RETURNED. W. B. Skinner returned from Hancock County, Ill., Monday last, and reports everything O. K. in that section.

R. C. HAYWOOD has purchased the blacksmith shop formerly owned by A. O. Porter, and later by T. C. Bird. We believe Haywood will endeavor to give satisfaction.

THE PUBLISHER OF THIS PAPER started for Fort Sill, last Wednesday morning, in company with J. H. Sherburne. They purpose returning in about two weeks, no preventing providence.




Van Kelso.

Pretty name, isn't it?Cand a very pretty boy he was, too. It was in the month of October, when the luxuriant summer foliage had turned to autumnal gold, that he first introduced himself into our community as agent for the "world-renowned history of the Centennial Exposition at Philadelphia; the only authentic work published concerning the great show, and containing a fund of information not to be found elsewhere." He had been over the grounds times without number, and could safely recommend the work as truthful in every particular; "had made $35 per day selling the book"Cand from that he would launch out into as pretty a speech as one could wish to hear. The $35 per day business didn't pan out in this section, and transferring this lucrative agency to another person, he engaged in the more congenial occupation of "hash-slinging" at the Central Avenue Hotel, devoting his spare moments to taking notes of the rapid advancement in civilization in this part of the country, and informing house builders and others that he was reporter for the Atchison Champion. As "time slipped by on leaden wings," he gradually became confidential, and informed the boarders of a wife he had in Chicago, whose father was immensely wealthy, and who wrote such touching letters to him, praying that he would come back to her armsCthat her "dear papa" would speedily start him in business with a portion of his hoarded millions. Occasionally one of these loving epistles would be found by some member of the household, and upon it being returned to him, festive Van would explain as above, taking such opportunity to show a photograph of this wife of his bosomCa creature of surpassing loveliness.

Recent developments have caused some to suspicion that V. K. penned the letters himselfCand he was an artistic chirographer!Cand purposely placed them so that they might catch the eye of some passer-by. He was a frequent visitor to some locality in Sumner countyCrather too frequent, considering that he was "just from the East"Cand during his last visit, he conceived an idea which for purposeless deviltry, is hard to equal. We refer to the article on the death of a Miss Helen Grey, published in last week's issue, the particulars of which he furnished to the editor of this paper.

We are now informed that the entire account as given by him was false; that there was a lady of the above name who died there, but of a true and proper disease, and not by suicide. How true this is, we cannot say. We are loath to believe that even such a consummate imbecile as Kelso would thus deliberately strike at the reputation of a girl, and she in her grave at the time.

He had further informed the folks that his "darling wife" was to be here on last Wednesday's stage, and set about preparing a room for the two; but when the vehicle arrived (the stage, we mean), he evinced no desire to rush out and welcome her (the wife, this time), saying that he had concluded to meet her in Missouri.

Acting upon this determination, he collected the few accounts owing him (he was also a vendor of "Havana" cigars), and Thursday morning saw him safely off. But for the fact that he hadn't brains enough, he might have attempted to "fleece" some of our citizens. As it is, there are two boxes of cigars in the Express office, held for charges, and bearing his name, but that amount is probably a permanent investment for somebody.

Gone to meet Jones, "one of the representative men of Ohio."




MR. J. C. FRAKER, late President of the defunct First National Bank of Wichita, has "gone where the woodbine twineth and the moon ceaseth to shine;" gone in search of

"______ a lodge in some vast wilderness;

Some boundless contiguity of shade,

Where rumors of oppression and deceit"

will not be annoying his over-sensitive nature, which has received a severe shock in the past few months. From the Emporia News, we learn that Mr. Fraker commenced his western career as a Methodist minister in Emporia, in 1850, but afterward became a carpenter and "j'iner;" then county treasurer, dealing at the same time in such outside business as old clothes and Texas steers. He soon turned the finances of Lyon county "topsy-turvy." He then went to Eldorado, and finally to Wichita, where he opened a bank on a borrowed capital of $1,200, and ran the concern until it broke, carrying down to ruin many of the ex-Reverend's ministerial friends. That dog has had his day, and the sooner he is placed where he will do the most good, the better it will be for the community at large.




MRS. COBAUGH desires us to say that the article published in the TRAVELER of last week, purporting to have come from her husband, is utterly untrue, and purely malicious on the part of the writer.

Mrs. Cobaugh has resided in this part of the county since last summer, and during that time has lived a life above reproach, working by the week in private families for the support of her two boys. Mr. Cobaugh sent her here, paying her way himself, and she expected him to follow; but for reasons of his own he chose to act differently, and leave her to provide for herself and children. There is some doubt as to whether Mr. Cobaugh penned the advertisement referred to, and should Mrs. Cobaugh become satisfied of this, she may have more to say.



The concert to be given by the A. C. S. C. Band, conducted by Prof. E. J. Hoyt, has been definitely fixed for Friday evening, February 9th, at which time Newman's new store-room, in which it is to be held, will be thoroughly completed and fit for occupancy. The entertainment will be interesting and unique, embracing music both vocal and instrumental, comic speeches, burlesques, Ethiopian komicallities, and other side-splitting specialties. The concert will be a first-class affair, and such as the most refined need not fear to attend. The band will be ready to furnish good music for a dance after the concert, if it is so desired. Further particulars will be given in our next issueC"and don't you forget it."


Rev. S. B. Fleming was formally installed as permanent pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of this place last Sunday morning.


From the Telegram of last week, we learn of a case of accidental shooting of a man by the name of Austin, on last Tuesday afternoon. Mr. Austin had started out for a chicken hunt and not returning the evening, search was made by his anxious friends, who found him in a corn field, shot through the head. He had evidently stumbled forward and fallen, the gun discharging itself and the ball passing through the cheek and lodging in the back of his head. The jury brought in a verdict of accidental shooting. The deceased leaves wife and children.


ACCIDENT. An accident of a very serious nature befell Mr. John Linton, of Bolton township, on Wednesday last, through the breaking down of a scaffold upon which he was standing. He was at work upon J. Brown's new stone house, when the scaffold gave way, precipitating him to the ground, a distance of twelve or sixteen feet, and fracturing his thigh. Drs. Shepard and Kellogg were in attendance as soon as possible and reduced the fracture, and the unfortunate man is now progressing as favorably as can be expected.


On Sunday, January 21, Deputy U. S. Marshal Jones arrested Messrs. W. A. Thomas, E. G. Wright, and J. W. Eldridge, formerly of the First National Bank of Wichita, on suspicion of being in conspiracy with J. C. Fraker. Mr. Thomas was a director; Mr. Knight, bookkeeper; and Mr. Eldridge, cashier; and they have always been regarded (and are yet by those who know them) as men above suspicion. The "sculduggery" of Fraker is making it seriously inconvenient for all who were in any way connected with him.


DIED. On Thursday, January 25th, 1877, of dropsy, Mrs. Dwyer, aged 52 years, wife of Harvey Dwyer, of Beaver township. The deceased lady was a much respected and earnest Christian. The funeral took place on Friday, the 26th.


MARRIED. On Sunday, January 21, at the residence of the bride's stepfather, J. P. Musselman, by Samuel Jay, Esq., Mr. Irvin M. Altum, of Illinois, to Miss Laura Nelson, of this county. The happy couple started for Arkansas a few days since. May their united lives be full of bliss.


HOGS. JOHN BOYD and RUSSELL BAIRD have gone into the hog business. They intend to feed a large number in the spring. They have 40 head on hand now, and are buying as fast as they can get hold of the right sort. The boys are O. K., for there's money in that kind of a corn crib.


There will be social of the M. E. Society at Pearson's Hall this (Wednesday) evening; also a meeting of the ladies at the residence of J. C. McMullen on Thursday afternoon. A cordial invitation is extended to all who would be pleased to meet with us. By order of Society.


C. M. SCOTT, while idly experimenting with a loaded shot gun, on last Wednesday morning, blew a hole through the partition between the post office and R. A. Houghton's grocery, resulting in no further damage, however, than a general scare for a minute or two.


SOLD OUT. Mr. B. F. Nesmith, an old and well known resident of Beaver, has sold his farm to a Mr. Tannyhill, of Indiana, for $4,400. Mr. Nesmith intends to start for California, to see how that country will compare with Cowley, the banner county of Kansas.


OUR CITY MARSHAL "roped in" a stolen horse and the supposed thief on last Friday, a few miles this side of Caldwell. The animal had been taken from Joplin, Missouri, and was the property of one Dan Collins.


The stages have been arriving at this end of the line "on time" every night during the past week, thus making glad the hearts of our businessmen who wish to spend the evening with their families.




CALDWELL, January 18, 1877.

Harvey Devore, a young man of more than ordinary promise, and brother of Mrs. Thomas and Mrs. Wells of this place, died at his father's residence in Harper county, on Monday last. And on Tuesday, the day following, his nephew and his namesake, Harvey Wells, infant son of O. G. and Louisa Wells, died of membranous croup.

Yesterday the procession, which early in the morning had gathered at Mr. Wells' residence, moved slowly away to the residence of Mr. Devore in Harper county, some ten miles, where a very affecting scene was witnessed by all present. An old man, whose head is white with the frost of more than eighty winters; a young man on a sick bed, to all appearances at the point of death, and another in his coffin--all in the same room, where the cries and sobs of numerous friends, and the copious rushing of tears, made the scene one long to be remembered. The two Harveys, uncle and nephew, were buried side by side.





Skeleton Creek, Indian Territory.

Thursday, Jan. 25, 1877.

Arrived here this evening, 50 miles from Caldwell. Good weather, good time, plenty of fun. Two wolves wounded, one polecat slayed. Will reach Dan Jones' tomorrow night, and probably write from Wichita Agency. Joe thinks we will be absent two weeks. C. M.





Wichita Beacon: The following is the aggregate of shipments at Wichita since last July. Wheat 1,420 cars, or 568,000 bushels; corn 201 cars, or 80,400 bushels; cattle 619 cars, or 12,380 head; hogs 37 cars, or 2,140 head; flour 26 cars; rye 9 cars; horses 6 cars; barley 1; sheep 2; flax seed 1.





Here this evening with Dan Jones. Wolves, Prairie Dogs, and wild turkeys on all sides. Good weather and excellent traveling. Will make Cheyenne Agency tomorrow. All quiet. Haven's seet any of the Arkansas City teams yet. Pawnees left here yesterday for the buffalo range 150 miles west. Yours,





FAIR weather continues.

The price of freighting remains the same.

REUBEN BOWERS had a set of double harness stolen from his stable on Monday night of last week.

We expect the editor of this paper home tomorrow or Friday, since learning that the Indians failed to capture his scalp.




During the past month it has been generally known that the members of the Arkansas City Silver Cornet Band purposed giving an entertainment, consisting of vocal and instrumental music, character sketches, etc., as soon as Newman's new building was ready to accommodate them. Their uniform success heretofore has had the one drawback: insufficient stage room and seating capacity. This being remedied, the boys will undoubtedly do themselves greater justice, while the audience can be comfortably seated. They have been fully six weeks preparing themselves. Our brass band is confessedly the best one in the State, outside of Topeka and Leavenworth. Should this concert prove a financial success, the boys contemplate a trip to Wellington, where the performance will be repeated. The price of admission has been fixed at 25 cents, reserved seats 50 cents, and children under ten, 15 cents. No charge for children in arms. Tickets for sale at both the drug stores.




On last Wednesday evening a man rode through this place on his way to Winfield, and gave the startling information that six freighters from this place had been killed by a mourning party of Osages while returning from Fort Sill. But few people gave the matter much thought that night, but the next morning, as the rumor spread and became more widely known, some of our citizens began to think there might be something in it, as it was known that the Chetopa morning party had left the Agency.

Hank Endicott started for Caldwell in the morning, to learn more about it if possible, but meeting a man from that place who told him they had heard nothing of the rumor there, he returned, satisfied that the whole affair was a canard.

Friday evening A. A. Davis, one of the freighters, came in from the Territory, and relieved everybody by saying that all the boys were together, safe, and sound, and had seen no signs of redskins.

It is now plainly evident that the story was started by someone for a purpose of his own, and it may not be a very difficult matter to guess either the person or the purpose. The time has passed when the people along the border are to be easily frightened by plausible tales of Indian massacres, but the practice of inventing such rumors is one that cannot be too severely condemned. Rest assured the object will never be accomplished in that way.




DIED. Mr. Henry Foote died on Grouse creek, this county, January 31st. Mr. Foote came to this county about a year ago, from Decatur, Illinois. It is thought his native state was New York, and his home at or near Buffalo. From New York he went to Michigan, from there to Decatur, and then came to Cowley, where he has lived a quiet, secluded life, making but few acquaintances. He was seized with fits, or spasms, which continued with slight intermission for seventeen hours, when he died, unable to explain his affairs to those around him, who buried him the day following. He was supposed to have considerable real estate near Buffalo, New York. New York and Michigan papers are requested to copy the above, as it may lead to a discovery of the whereabouts of his friends or relatives. His address was Arkansas City, Kansas.



We clip the following complimentary notice of Mr. Pruden and wife, nee Miss Amelia Mowry, from a Dayton, Ohio paper.


Our esteemed young fellow-citizen, Mr. David Pruden, of Sachs & Pruden, after a month's absence in the "Far West," has returned home. Reference to the marriage notice column will explain the cause of his extended absence. Himself and handsome young wife will receive a warm welcome from friends in this city. Dave has been very sly about this matter, but he is a good fellow, and all will unite in congratulating him upon his departure from single blessedness.


MR. M. E. WELSH came down from Winfield last Friday evening, feeling as well as he ever did, but at about 9 o'clock he was taken with congestion of the liver, and suffered terribly all night. The next day, Saturday, he was no better, and Drs. Hughes and Kellogg were up with him all the following night. Sunday evening his friends began to think he would not live through another night, but he improved towards morning, and we are now glad to say he is in a fair way to recover. Mr. Welsh has experienced such attack before, but they have never been so severe as this one.


MARRIED. MR. THOMAS BAIRD, of Arkansas City, married Adelia, only daughter of MR. W. H. DEMOTT, of Bolton township, February 6, 1877, at 11 o'clock. The ceremony was performed by Rev. Fleming.


DR. J. O. HOUX, practicing dentist, of Winfield, will be in our city February 14, and will be prepared to attend to the wants of any parties that may be so unfortunate as to want a dental operation performed. Dr. Houx was an old time resident of this place, and we gladly recommend him to those in need of his services.


We print on our fourth page this week a list of the town lots in Arkansas City which were sold for taxes, and which will be deeded to the purchaser if not redeemed prior to the 7th of May; also the tracts of land which were sold in 1874 for the taxes of 1873. [NOTE: AM SKIPPING THIS LIST.]


A. O. HOYT showed us some handsome specimens of fossilized shells, last Saturday afternoon. They are of large size, and were taken from the solid rock by himself and Mr. Bacon a few miles north of town.




FOR SALE. A No. 1 heavy yoke of work cattle for sale cheap for cash. Also a good wagon for trade. A. J. REEVES.


If you have any of my tools, bring them back to



A FACT. Sure and certainCthat the Distribution of Clark & Williams' Enterprise will positively take place the 22nd of February, 1877. CLARK & WILLIAMS.


FOUND. On Sunday last, near the Arkansas river bridge, a lady's fur cape. Owner can have the same by identifying and paying charge of advertising.


FOR SALE. 12 tons of millet hay. C. M. HENSHAW.


FOR SALE OR TRADE. I will sell or trade for a good team or stock my farm of 92 acres on the Arkansas river 5 miles southeast of Arkansas City. Inquire of H. T. SHOEMAKER.


FULL-BLOOD Berkshire pigs for sale cheap, for cash.



ROBE. Whoever has my buffalo robe will confer a favor by returning it. My name is dimly printed on the inside. E. B. KAGER.


ONION SEED. Mrs. Lorrey has for sale several pounds of the seed of the New Giant Rocca Onion. Will sell in quantities from 1 oz. upwards. Inquire at this office.




Erysipelas is in school.

Chetopah had two wives.

Wolves are yet killing hogs.

The Pawnees have gone after buffalo.

The Little Osages are without a leader.

Osages still want to go to Washington.

Chetopah's grave is in Pawhuska Cemetery.

Chetopah's wives walk the streets and mourn

A cruel Pawhuska lad killed 27 birds at one shot.

Osages think assafoetida makes their ponies run fast.

A $40 American flag waves over Chetopah's grave.

"Oc la no-wa" is a traveler in the Choctaw language.

Strong hog meat and no bread is hard living for Osages.

At the commencement of the war in the States, the Choctaws owned 3,000 slaves.

Osages don't want Cherokees or Delawares to steal timber from their reservation. Whites do enough of it.

Osages are looking for fresh beef. They say the contractor delivered hides and bones some time ago, and the meat will come next.

Some of the Kaw Indians say they know of a vegetable, the root of which is 5 or 6 feet long, and a facsimile of a human being.

Peter P. Pitchlynn first attended school in Tennessee, 200 miles from his tribe, where he thrashed the bully of the school for poking fun at him.




Mr. PyburnCA Democrat in a Republican Senate, is Chairman of an important Committee and a member of five others. Manning, a Republican, in a Republican House, in 1871, and who voted for the successful candidate for Speaker, was made member of no Committees, whatever, and yet Manning says that "Pyburn will not set the world on fire."

Oh Jealousy, thou Green eyed monster! Thy name is certainly E. C. Manning. Telegram.




The case of the United States against Gen. Belknap was today dismissed on the motion of the district attorney general, for the reason that the evidence would not sustain the prosecution. The action of the attorney general is taken by direction of President Grant, who endorses the statement made by the district attorney general, as follows: In view of the within statement of the district attorney to the effect that he believes a conviction impossible, and in view of the long suffering of the accused and the great expense to which he has already been subject, I think the district attorney should be directed to dismiss the suit.





FRUIT is scarce in this neighborhood.

ONIONS $3.00 per bushels, and mighty scarce at that.

EGGS were selling at eight cents per dozen last Saturday.

Our town has been literally full of Indians during the past week.

Nearly all of the freighters have returned from Fort Sill, and not a scalp missing.

TOM BAIRD and wife returned last Friday night from a short wedding trip north.

J. C. BENNETT, the weighty grocery man of the West, was in town last Friday.

BLACKBOARD and lights (the want of) is what's bothering the Bolton singing school.

There will be a dance at the Bland school house on Thursday, February 22nd. All are invited.

MONDAY's spell of weather was death on the hoppers that had already hatched, and we devoutly hope on those that hadn't.

REV. F. W. NANCE, of Maple City, gave us a call yesterday. He reports everything in that locality in a prosperous condition.

The editor of this paper returned home last night, after an absence of three weeks among the dusky tribes in the territory.

We understand that George Harmon has moved to Chautauqua county, near Elgin.

The cornerstone of the M. E. Church will be laid at an early day, due notice of which will be given. Work on the brick wall is progressing lively.

CHESTER LOVELAND, late of Boulder, Colorado, and formerly of this place, has been here on a visit for the past two weeks. He left for Wichita yesterday.

RENTED. MR. JOSEPH WINSLOW, of Vernon Township, has rented S. S. Major's farm in Bolton township, and will move thereon in the course of a few days.


W. M. BURKEY advertises his farm and residence for sale in this issue, as he desires to make a change in his business. It is an excellent bargain for the purchaser.

AD: FOR SALE. The cheapest property in Cowley county for sale. Farm 1-1/2 miles northwest of Arkansas City; 30 acres good timber, 50 acres under cultivation; hewed-log house, orchard, splendid running water through farm; in all, One Hundred Acres--for Thirteen Hundred Dollars. One-third cash, balance in one year with 12 percent interest.

Also, brick residence in Arkansas City, with four lots, cellar, and outbuildings; best well in KansasCfor Eight Hundred and Fifty Dollars; terms as above. Change of business desired. This is undoubtedly the best bargain in Cowley county. This offer is only open for the next thirty days.


February 14, 1877.


We have a Mrs. Partington in Arkansas City, who, when told that one of our musicians had a catarrh in the head, sententiously remarked, "That must be where he gets all his music." Fact.


MARRIED. On Thursday, Feb. 8th, by Rev. F. W. Nance, at the residence of the bride's father, Joseph N. Moyer to Miss Mary M. Guinn, both of Sheridan township. Prosperity attend them.


The concert last Friday night was attended by one of the largest audiences ever assembled in Arkansas City, the hall being literally crowded. The performances passed off smoothly, with frequent applause. Ed. Finney's stump speech "brought down the house," while the music by the full brass band, and the songs, "Speak, Only Speak," "Cora Lee," and "Little Barefoot," were enthusiastically encored. It was a financial success, as the boys cleared about $50. The dance held n the hall after the concert was well attended, and judging from the demeanor of the participants, was fully up to expectations. Given lovely belles, manly beaux, good music, and a well lighted and convenient hall, nothing short of success could result.


CROOKED. Messrs. Kellogg & Hoyt tell us they are informed that freighters from this town are in the habit of purchasing whiskey, in quantities of five and ten gallons, of the wholesale dealers of Wichita, stating that they (K. & H.) have sent for the same. As they have the money to pay for it, suspicion is not aroused, and they get it at wholesale prices, which goes a good way towards paying for the trouble of hauling. Messrs. K. & H. desire to say that they do not buy their liquors at Wichita, nor have they ever done so.


COAL. The power with which the Salt City coal prospectors have been drilling has been purchased by L. C. Wood of this city, and was removed to this place last week. Considerable territory has been leased in this vicinity for the purpose of prospecting for coal, but whether this is an indication of renewed efforts in that direction, we cannot say. We are informed that the works at Salt City are still to be pushed forward, and a steam power for that purpose has been purchased.



For the benefit of those who may yet be inclined to credit Kelso's plausible (?) wife story (if there are any such), we will state that we lately read a letter from this wealthy man, in which he says he has no son-in-law, knows nothing of such a person as Van Kelso, but that he is undoubtedly a "fraud of the first water." Now, Van, you had better take a little advice, and keep your mouth shut hereafter on that wife business.


QUITE a large number of horses are suffering from the epizootic in this county. While they are not so badly affected as they were some two years since, when this epidemic raged over the entire State, yet in most cases they are incapacitated from work; but with ordinary care, a cure can generally be effected.


O. C. SKINNER intends putting up a stone house, 18 x 26, two stories high, upon his farm in Egypt. E. T. Lewis has the contract, and is now getting out the rock for the same. Wonder what he's going to do with a house? Guess he's after some small game or other.


MR. W. H. WALKER starts for Cincinnati, Ohio, this week. We wish him a pleasant trip and speedy return, though the reason of this sudden journey to the Queen City is somewhat of a mystery. But then Walker has lived single for a long while.




The Superintendent of the school for Indian children at this place reports one hundred and fourteen Osage children now in attendance. Of this number forty are young men and women, aged from thirteen to twenty years. They are pleasant, obedient, and attentive, readily adapting themselves to the customs of, and learning the language of, whites. Most of them read and write while many of them are making fair progress in arithmetic, grammar, geography, and drawing.

They are great lovers of music, and are never so happy as when collected in the school room or chapel, mingling their voices with their teachers when singing the beautiful songs found in the books so kindly furnished. The school is happily supplied with musical talent. The teachers, Gertie Finney, Mamie Beede, Lizzie Hiatt, and Luella Carey, assistant matron, are all fine singers, as well as accomplished performers on the organ.

It is believed that much good will be accomplished by the development of this natural talent to the school. These children readily learn the words of a song and their meaning, and while we would not encourage the culture of music to the neglect of any other branch, we do believe it to be essential to the success of the Indian work, and we unhesitatingly commend the Superintendent for the wisdom he has manifested in his selections of the above named parties as instructors and guardians of the children under his care. The school was never so large, and never in so prosperous a condition as at present. Indian Herald.




Peter Wintermute, who shot and killed Gen. McCook, at Yankton, Dakota Territory, two years ago, died of consumption, at his father's home, in Horse Heads, Chemung county, New York, on Saturday last.






Fort Sill, Wichita, Cheyenne, Kiowa, and Cheyenne Agencies.

Wednesday, Jan. 24th, in company with Joseph H. Sherburne, we left Arkansas City at about noon and started for Fort Sill, in a light spring wagon; behind the team that so nearly caused the death of Mr. Hawkins, intending to reach Caldwell before sundown. The day was warm and pleasant, and roads in the very best condition. On our way we sped by Guelph, but stopped a few minutes at South Haven to converse with Col. Hunter and other friends. The road from South Haven to Caldwell is changed in many places since we first traveled over it, but is practically the same. On the west bank of Shoo Fly creek, J. W. Hamilton has erected a fine stone residence, two stories high, with windows and doors capped with cut stone, and generally improved his farm.

Arriving at Caldwell at about 8 p.m., we found the drive longer than we had anticipated, but yet we had scarcely noticed it, as the moon was shining brightly and the setting of the sun made but a slight difference. We were not long in hunting a hotel and our acquaintances, and soon found John Blair and J. H. Sain, with whom we spent most of the evening.

Thursday morning we left Caldwell, crossing Fall Creek one half mile south of the town, then Bluff Creek three-fourths of a mile farther on, then the head of Polecat, which was dry, where old Mr. Chisholm, the first man who ever drove cattle over the present trail, killed a number of skunks, thereby giving its name; then Cottonwood four miles from Polecat, then Bullwhacker, where Laflin's men had "stuck," then Pond Creek, where John Murphy is located at the stage stable.


derives its name from the pond of good water nearby. The stream is well timbered, and affords good shelter for stock. A short distance from Pond Creek, we crossed the Salt Fork, a muddy, brackish stream flowing through the Salt Plains, where a party of freighters encountered difficulty in crossing, and indulged in language more emphatic than polite. One and a half miles from the Salt Fork, we crossed a slough, then the Big Wild Horse, where a number of wild horses were seen by Chisholm when making the trail, and two miles further on the Little Wild Horse, then Sand Creek, Spring Branch, and Skeleton, where we stopped for the night at GILCHRIST'S RANCHE,

a double picket house made of logs buried three feet in the ground, and extending six feet from the surface and plastered up with mud. This ranche is 47 miles from Caldwell and 21 miles from Pond Creek. While stopping here we were well entertained by Burt Giffin, who had charge of the place, while Mr. Gilchrist was absent hunting ponies. It was on this creek that two Mexicans were killed by men from Kansas, for murdering a herder in the State. Three miles from Skeleton Creek is Boggy Springs, and seven miles further, Hackberry Creek, where a man answering the description of Mrs. Beecher's "Uncle Tom," makes his home. On this creek the bones of an Osage Indian lies unburied, the body since having been food for the coyotes. It is on the head of Hackberry Creek, where the road from Arkansas City intercepts the Ft. Sill trail, 90 miles from Arkansas City. Sixteen miles from Skeleton Creek is Buffalo Springs, where there is always water. Then comes Bull Foot's Springs, 22 miles from Skeleton, and six miles further Little Turkey, then Dan Jones' ranche on Red Fork or Cimarron River.

At Buffalo Springs, or what was formerly known as Mosier's ranche,


was brought to our recollection. On the left hand side and only a few feet from the road is a single mound with a rude board for a tombstone, with the following inscription cut on it.

T. Calliwell,

G. Fawn,

E. Cook. Killed by Indians. July 3, 1874.

Underneath the loose earth are the remains of three cherished sons, whose parents are yet in doubt as to their existence, although it is believed they have learned of their terrible and cruel massacre, by the Cheyennes, which occurred on the road not very distant from where they lie, while freighting from Wichita to the Agencies. A mile or more from them, in the center of the road is the grave of Pat Hennessy, whose bones were buried where he fell, after his body had been tied to a wagon wheel and burned. The details of this horrible proceeding is too fresh in the minds of all our readers to recite at this writing, save that they were surprised and all shot except poor Pat Hennessy, who was doomed to meet a greater suffering.

All along the route we saw thousands of prairie dogs and were scarcely out of sight of their towns, of which were several miles in length and covering more than 1,000 acres in extent.

Towards the close of the afternoon, a large gray wolf met us in the road and did not seem disposed to stand aside until we gave him the contents of one barrel of our shot gun at a distance of about 20 yards, knocking him completely over. Soon after another came near and Joe tried a Sharp's rifle on him. He evidently struck him on the belly as the animal jumped fully five feet in the air and ran like a race horse for some distance. A skunk was the next animal to court our acquaintance, and we demolished his perfume factory with a load from our pistol, followed by a dose of shot. With nothing else to call our attention, we drove till we came to the well known and hospitable ranche of our fellow townsman,


situated 1-1/4 miles from the Red Fork River in a beautiful bottom with pleasant surroundings. As we drove up, we could not help noticing the neatness of the premises. Little prairie dogs made their houses a few feet from his door, while near the timber, a half mile distant, a flock of wild turkeys were quietly feeding, and in the jack oaks nearby is the favorite resort of deer and other game. The place is one we have frequently heard described, or dreamed of in our imagination, but never before realized.

At the door we were met by Dan, whose countenance showed an agreeable surprise, when we inquired if the landlord was in. After a short look about the ranche, which is the neatest on the entire route, we started in pursuit of the turkeys we had seen, and within fifteen minutes saw our companion lower his gun, and in another second one of the noble birds was fluttering on its back. For fear we would not be lucky enough to secure our game, Dan started out in an opposite direction; and before our return, had two killed and one almost ready for the oven. We were so well entertained at the ranche that we stayed half of the next day before going further, and regretted then that we were compelled to go on.

While here we learned the story of the killing of the men by Charley Lyons was not correct, as Mr. Lyons had been at Caldwell all the time the killing was said to have been done. We also learned that the Osages had caught and stripped a twelve-year-old boy, by the name of Miller, during the first snow, and after taking his pony, turned him out in the storm to die. The boy then stole a pony from them, rode to a cattle camp, and thus saved his life.

While the Sac and Fox Indians were hunting on the Red Fork, they killed a monstrous black bear a few miles north of the ranche. The Pawnees had visited the place and left the day before we arrived, having killed a number of deer and wild turkeys. They were on their way west to the buffalo ground, 150 miles distant. A short time before the Indians came, a party had been down from Caldwell, and in five days had killed over 200 turkeys.

The stage station of T. P. Williamson, of Independence, Missouri, who with Vance & Co., have the mail contract from Caldwell to Fort Sill, is located at Jones' ranche. It is a tri-weekly mail, running four horses as far as Cheyenne, and a buckboard from thence to Sill and the Kiowa and Comanche Agency. Jones' ranche is eighty miles from Caldwell, thirty miles from Cheyenne Agency, or Fort Reno. From the Cheyenne Agency to the Wichita Agency is forty-five miles, and from the Wichita to Fort Sill, or the Kiowa and Comanche Agency, thirty miles.

The first creek crossed after leaving the Red Fork or Cimarron, 82 miles, is Kingfisher, then Caddo Springs, and four miles beyond, the North Fork of Canadian, on which the Cheyenne Agency is located on the north bank, and Fort Reno, or Darlington, a mile beyond, on the south side.


after dark, and did not have an opportunity of visiting the school and public buildings. At the office we met Agent Miles and spent a few minutes in pleasant conversation, after which we expressed a desire to visit the camp of the Cheyennes where the Indians were dancing.

We were furnished a guide and soon found our way to the inside of a lodge where we were introduced to


a prominent chief, and Big Horse, a "soldier chief." A delegation of Northern Cheyennes and Sioux lately visited the camp of Bull Bear to induce him to go North and fight the whites, but the old chief wisely concluded he had enough war after the troubles of 1874, and told them to go back and not to come to him again on such an errand.

After smoking the pipe of peace with them, we were conducted to the lodge where they were dancing. A circle of men and women had formed around the little fire in the center of the lodge, and when the drum began its doleful sound, the squaws sang and all moved around, jumping stiff legged. After a few minutes the din ceased and all were seated. Then at the sound of the drum, which was made of raw hide stretched over a hoop, all jumped up again. This time it was a squaw dance, and as near as we could judge "ladies' choice," as two young girls would look around until they found one of their favored ones, when they would take him by the hand, pull him up, and with one hold of each arm jump up and down, then reverse, and continue jumping.

While we were quietly enjoying the scene, our surprise can better be imagined than described when our companion was taken by the hand and pulled up, being the favored choice of Minnehaha ("Laughing Water"), as beautiful an Indian squaw as it has been our good fortune to have seen. She is the daughter of a chief, and won some notoriety by carrying away the first premium for horseback riding at the Muskogee Fair last fall. Our companion at first declined, but finally consented, remarking that we had come for fun and he was not to be bluffed. The sight was one we shall not soon forget. In the midst of a group of red faces, the beaming countenance of our weather-beaten friend could be seen, as he hopped up and down like a puppet, enjoying the exercise full as well as any of the nomads. At the conclusion of his freaks, the Indians all laughed loud and applauded, seeming well pleased.

Another set was formed and as the music arose, our guide informed us: "They are going for you this time." We promptly declined, but he informed us they would make us, when we considered discretion the better part of valor and worked our way out of the lodge as quick as possible.

Among the Cheyennes we saw many noted chiefs and warriors. Noticing a number of scars on the left arm of Bull Bear, we inquired how he came by them, and learned that he had cut them himself to tally the number of beings he had killed. There were twenty-eight in all. Some, he informed us through our interpreter, he killed with his bow and arrows; others he ran through with his spear, and some he shot.

On the opposite side of the lodge was a very old woman who had been very sick, but was recovering as she had offered a sacrifice by cutting the end of her little finger off at the first joint.

All through the camp, dogs of almost every description were to be seen from a lap dog to the largest Newfoundland. Many of them were crossed with the wolf, as is generally the case with Indian dogs.

Early in the morning of Sunday, the 28th, we were on our way to


48 miles distant, over the roughest and most sandy road along the entire route. After crossing the North Fork, we came to the main Canadian twelve miles below, then Spring Creek, eight miles further, then Stinking Creek, twenty-three miles from Cheyenne, then another Spring Creek, then Sugar Creek, five miles from Wichita Agency.

The Canadian is a wide, sandy, muddy, and treacherous stream, but was easily crossed as the water was low. In crossing any of the large streams of the west, it is not safe to stop a minute or the vehicle will settle so completely in the quick sand as to make it impossible to withdraw it. Knowing this we kept our team steadily moving, having taken the precaution to water our horses before entering it. Some of the freighters in crossing this stream had to hitch on to the hind end of their wagon and withdraw it, as they stopped for a minute and stuck in the sand. Sugar Creek, near the Wichita Agency, derives its name from the sugar maples that grow near its head.

We arrived at Wichita Agency at four o'clock, p.m., and were met at the Agent's office by J. A. Stafford and Mr. Spray, who showed us into the house, where we met Mrs. Williams and her daughters, Mrs. Stafford, and others, who cordially received us as old acquaintances. We had not long to wait when Mr. Williams came in, whom we were exceedingly glad to meet. Our descent upon them was somewhat surprising and all the more enjoyable.

We were so well treated and entertained at Mr. Williams' that we did not leave until Tuesday following, and even then, with regrets. While there we visited the school under charge of Henry Dolls and brother, and were astonished at the rapid progress made among the Indian children. They repeated the multiplication table from two times one are two, to twelve times twelve are 144, with rapidity, and read, spelled, and sang readily. Mr. Dolls is an Englishman by birth and has the reputation of being one of the best Indian educators in the Territory.

In his school thirteen different tribes are represented, as follows: Wichita, Caddoes, Utes, Comanches, Creeks, Kechis, To-wak-o-nies, Delawares, Wacos, Cherokees, Seminoles, Shawnees, and Chickasaws. All learn fast, considering their circumstances and prejudices.

As we entered the school, the teacher was endeavoring to convince the younger ones that the earth was round, which seemed to be received as a preposterous idea, when they could look out the window and see it was flat. There were eighty-three pupils in the room, and the roll showed a list of more than one hundred, but as they are permitted to go to their camps on Sunday, many had not yet come in.

When supper was called, we went to the dining room to see them eat, and observed all had remarkable appetites. Before eating, however, they were told to ask God's blessing, which they did in a brief manner. After supper they repeated the Lord's prayer at the top of their voices, leading us to think they would all make good Methodists some day. From the matron we learned that for breakfast they were allowedCbread, meat, gravy, rice, beans, and water to drink. For supperCmush and milk, coffee, sugar, and water.

They drink their coffee without milk, and on Sunday are given pie and cake. As a conse-quence of this, it is a rare case to have any sickness on Sunday, as it is generally postponed until the next day.

Boys are detailed to cut the wood, carry water, and sweep the school house, while the girls wash the dishes, scrub the floor, and make the beds. At first the boys are inclined to the idea that the girls should do all the work as they have to in camp, but the idea is soon removed.

The children adorn themselves with every variety of jewelry that can be obtained, and frequently make their own earrings, bracelets, and breastplates. On one we could not help noticing were large key checks, as we at first thought, but examination proved it to be some city dog check, as the inscription read "No. 74, Dog Tax Paid." Taking a thorough look at the owner of the metal, we concluded she was properly labeled.

Among the number before us was one of bright countenance and lighter complexion than the rest, which caused us to call the attention of Agent Williams to her, when he informed us she claimed a former Agent as her father. Others whom we supposed were white children, were pointed out as the results of renegade whites among the Indians. The Arrapahoes, Wichitas, Caddoes, and some other tribes are very licentious, and it is seldom a virtuous woman is found among them. But among the Cheyennes, a majority are chaste.

It is a familiar sight on the border to see the letters "U. S. I. D." prominently displayed, but here we see it everywhere: on the backs of Indians, on wagons, on boxes, bags, letters, and envelopes. The Agent claims it signifies United States Indian Department, but it is generally recognized as "Uncle Sam's Idle Dollar."

Noticing a number of wagons coming from the south on the evening of our arrival, we went to where they were camped and found them to be Arkansas City freighters on their return from Fort Sill, namely: E. D. Bowen, A. A. Davis, R. B. Scott, Gardner Mott, Johnny Mott, Brown, Provose, Thompson, Dilworth, Belknap, and Campbell. The latter three were on their way down. After leaving the last TRAVELER and telling all we could think of, we left them for the night.

Wichita Agency is in township 7, range 10, six miles north of the 35th parallel, and 16 miles west of the 98th meridian, on the Washita River; 69 miles west of Arkansas City and 132 miles south. A. C. Williams, formerly Agent of the Kickapoos and a resident of this place, is the Agent, and has under his charge seven distinct tribes, as follows: Caddos, Wichita, Comanches, Towakonies, Kechia, Wacos, and Delawares.


numbering 500, were formerly residents of Louisiana, and years since treated with the United States to leave this country, never to return. They settled in Mexico, and when Texas was annexed to the United States, they came into the Union with it. They are a very industrious class, and are rapidly embracing the white man's ways. Many of them are farming, and 21 were building houses. Agent Williams, through an unaccountable influence, has induced a mania for house building among them, and during our stay they were constantly clamoring to have them builtCoffering to trade ponies, robes, or almost anything in their possession.

Wah-loo-pe is chief of the Caddos, and is named after a river in Mexico.


are the next largest band, numbering 200. They are the original owners of the land in which they now live, and have consequently lived here a long time. The Wichita mountains of this vicinity are named after them, as is Wichita, Kansas, where they were camped during the war. They are not as far advanced in civilization as the Caddos, but are gradually improving. Some three years ago the Osages killed their chief, I-sad-a-wa, and while they do not make war against them, they cannot forget it. A settlement was made by the Osages paying them $1,500, which gained their forgiveness until a good opportunity offers for them to revenge it. Is-o-da-co is their present chief.

The Towakonies, Wacos, and Wichitas speak the same language, while the Cheyennes, Arrapahoes, Kiowas, Comanches, and all the Plains Indians understand one another by signs similar to those used by deaf and dumb persons.

The Wichitas, Towakonies, and Kechis live in houses made from poles covered with dried grass, resembling a large bee hive or hay stack.

The Comanches live in tents made of buffalo robes.

Most Plains Indians wear robes, while the more civilized wear blankets.


under charge of Agent Williams, number 168. They were formerly from Texas, and the mountains of Mexico. Tush-ha-wa, head chief of the tribe, is a very old man, and has figured in a number of treaties with the United States. His name means "bright handle." At request of the Agent, he built a house of his own, and is living in it as an example for his tribe to follow. The Comanche Indians have been regarded as among the worse, most desperate, and murderous tribes in America, only seconded by the Cheyennes, Apaches, and Kiowas.

In the camp of the tribe under Agent Williams is a Mexican woman, who was taken prisoner in Mexico fifteen years ago, and who is now at the Agent's house awaiting the Government to return her.

The Towakonies number 100 in all. They used to inhabit the Red River country. Ne-as-to is their chief.

The Kechis have but 92 individuals in their tribe, which used to be counted by the thousands. They have always been residents of this section, and have the Kechie hills named from them. To-wah-hum-ta is their chief.

The Wacos, formerly of Texas, number but 70. "Buffalo Good" is their chief. He told us he had been a wild, bad Indian, but was now on the white man's road, and had corn in his crib and stock on the prairies.

There are 83 of the Delaware tribe, and the history of the "big water" is a familiar story with them, as their forefathers at one time inhabited what is now the State of Delaware.

Captain Black Beaver is chief of the Delawares. During the war he figured in a number of important matters. From "A Quaker Among Indians," by Thomas Battey, we quote the following history of this remarkable man. To the author of the above work, we are also indebted for many ideas during our stay at the Kiowa and Comanche Agency.

"Captain Black Beaver was guide to Captain Marcy in his explorations in the West, also to Audubon, the naturalist. He has a large farm under cultivation, and lives in a very comfortable manner, having good, substantial, frame buildings. He commenced life as a wild Indian trapper until, becoming familiar with almost all the unexplored regions of the west, and being a remarkably truthful and reliable man, he was much sought after as a guide, and accompanied several expeditions in that capacity. His life has been one of bold adventure, fraught with many interesting incidents, which, if properly written out, would form an interesting and entertaining volume."

At Wichita Agency thirty head of cattle per week, and 2,205 pounds of flour are issued weekly, being only half rations. Captain Leach and Major Lannigan have the beef contract, and A. A. Newman is the contractor for flour.

The Wichitas and Caddos smoke cigarettes made of the strongest chewing tobacco, furnished them by the Government, and very seldom use a pipe, as most Indians do. The women wear balmoral skirts for dresses, and never lace, often complaining that the waists of the skirts are made too small.

The Wichita Agency is beautifully located on a high knoll overlooking the beautiful Washita bottom, where Gen. Davidson had the conflict with the Comanches and Kiowas in 1874.

The Agency has been well favored with permanent improvements. Among them the Agent's house and office, school building, saw mill, etc.

Another peculiar feature at this Agency was the number of negroes that could not speak English.

In the afternoon of Monday, Mr. Stafford tendered us a ride behind his sparkling bays to a camp a few miles north. We accepted and were well paid for the visit. Almost every lodge had a squaw in front of it tanning robes. As we walked through the camp the little children ran and screamed at the sight of strange white men, and the dogs showed by their barking that they were not accustomed to white intruders.

Tuesday morning we left Wichita Agency for Fort Sill. After we had traveled about five miles, we met George Shearer, Jerome Hilton, Charles Peters, and E. Worther, and at noon we came to where a number more were camped for dinner, on Killpecker Creek, to wit: Frank Hutchinson, A. W. Patterson, Walt Dolby, H. S. Adams, Hank Nelson, Ross Merrick, Cass Endicott, Sam Endicott, John Tolles, Buck Wintin, Frank Wintin, Jack Martin, Frank Johnson, Wagstaff, Jim Burrell, and Benj. Harberson. Hank Nelson had met with an accident and had his arm in a sling, having been thrown from his wagon while trying to get ahead of someone. We were the invited guests of Ross Merrick, and partook readily of his "sow belly," biscuit, and what the boys called "bovine" gravy. The rain fell in chunks while we were at dinner, and the meal was stowed away as soon as possible.

After dinner we moved along and before long met M. E. Garner, Poke Stevens, Daniel Hunt, Geo. Christy, Mr. Stevens, Dan Fegans, Ab. Christy, O. J. Palmer, Andrew Meisner, J. Clark, D. Pendergrass, and Joe Garner, on their way back from Sill.

Not a great distance from the Fort, we met our friend, Capt. Leach, and renewed acquaintances.

We reached FORT SILL

about four o'clock, but did not stop until we drove to the Agency, a mile and an eighth below, where we met Agent James M. Haworth, Thomas Battey, Frank Moltby, and others, and were welcome.

We were agreeably disappointed in the Agent, as we expected to find him a down-eastern, harsh in manner, and as unsocial as a saw log. Instead, we found him to be a thorough Kansan: affable, agreeable, and very cordial. He hails from Olathe, Kansas, but was formerly from Hamilton county, Ohio. Under his charge are the three wildest tribes in the Indian Territory and the west, and it is gratifying to see what influence and control he has over them.

Within his jurisdiction are 1,000 Kiowas, 1,500 Comanches, and 300 Apaches.



Ash-tie-la: meaning "Feather Head."

Gas-ta-a-ka: meaning "Running Bear."

Que-a-pate: meaning "Trotting Wolf."

Odo-pate: meaning "Red Otter."

Hide seek: meaning "Crow Lance."

While at the Agency we met most of the prominent chiefs, among them "Poor Buffalo," "Feather Head, "Running Bear," "Trotting Wolf," "Red Otter," "Crow Lance," and Stumbling Bear, Zebeil, White Man, and Little Robe. The Indian names of the last four we did not get.



"Standing Bear" is a very large and powerful man, weighing over 300 pounds, and standing nearly six feet. He came to the Agency on Thursday (issuing day) in a spring wagon. Agent Haworth informed us that there were still larger men in the tribe, and thought there was one that would weigh over 400 pounds.

Most of the Indians came in on issuing day to receive their rations, and afforded us a good opportunity to see them. Five barrels of sugar, with coffee, flour, and crackers in proportion are issued weekly. Then besides their rations they receive annuity goods to the amount of $25,000 during the year.

The amount of rations allowed to each individual per day is as follows; but as they draw it weekly, they receive seven times the quantity mentioned at one time.

Three pounds of beef gross weight.

1/2 pound of flour.

3/4 of an ounce of coffee.

1-1/4 ounces of sugar.

1/6 of an ounce each of salt and soap.

1/12 of an ounce of tobacco.

3/4 of a pound of bacon.

Crackers, or hard bread as it is generally called, is issued in lieu of flour.

The morning of "issue day" was cold and damp, and yet most of the men, women, and children were with nothing on their feet; and one child, old enough to walk, had nothing but a thin calico shirt on, and yet they did not complain of the cold. Many suffer from rheumatism and pneumonia in consequence.

Among the Kiowas and Comanches are men who have taken the lives of many, and until their head chiefs were captured and sent to St. Augustine, Florida, and confined as prisoners in Texas, they openly boasted of their exploits and atrocities.

The Plains Indians all wear their hair long, never cutting it except in mourning for the dead. Many of them pride themselves in keeping it well arranged, but it is generally allowed to hang loosely over their shoulders.


There are many peculiar traditions among them. A few of which we give below, as received from Mr. Battey, who has spent years among them.

"One of the party asked the chief what the Kiowas thought of the moon. He replied, 'It is the Great White Man;' then, looking for a cluster of stars, which he did not succeed in pointing out to us, he stated to have the outline of a man, and to be the Great Kiowa. He subsequently pointed out to me the Pleiades, with some of the surrounding stars, as this cluster.

"In reply to the question, 'What becomes of us when we die?' he answered that he did not know what became of white people, as they were not made by the same being that made the Indians. But when Kiowas die, the spirit travels a great way toward the sunset, and crossing a high mountain ridge, it comes at length to a wide water, which it has to cross. Upon arriving at the opposite shore, it is met by former loved friends, who have gone before to this happy land, and who now rejoice to meet it again. There the game is always fat and plenty, the grass is always green, the horses large, swift, and beautiful. The inhabitants are never sick, nor feel pain. Parting and tears are un-knownCjoy fills every heart. A high mountain stands near the boundaries of this land, and watchers are set upon it, who are continually looking along the road leading from this country, watching for the spirits of the dying and newly deadCwhether they die naturally, in battle, or by accident; and when they discover any coming along the road, they immediately call to the friends of the coming spirits, who go forth with rejoicings to meet them, and conduct them to the lodges they have prepared for them."


Dangerous Eagle was again compelled to remain behind on account of his wife's illness, which continued for several days before she expired. Before leaving, I saw this woman engaged in digging her grave. This led me to fear that the patience of her husband was so nearly exhausted by his repeated detentions on her account, that violent means would be resorted to if she did not soon die. I have known instances among these peopleCthough not among KiowasCof men becoming discouraged, and killing their wives with their own hands, when they have been for some time sick, and their medicine (jugglery) failing to effect a cure. Indeed, I know a Comanche chief who cut the throat of his wife for that reason. She was sick a long time and their medicine did not cure her; so, to avoid the inconvenience of caring for a sick wife, who was not able to care for herself, after making 'medicine or preparation,' to fit her for a happy reception in the unknown land of spirits, he took her life, though mourning her untimely death. Such deeds are rare among them, but are still sometimes practiced, they setting but small value upon human life, and sick or very aged people are a great hindrance to their wild, roving, unsettled way of life.

The Caddos claim their fathers first spring up out of the ground. The Comanches' idea is that they were born in a cave, and that the Indians and buffalo were enemies, with the power in favor of the buffalo, until the Great Spirit sent a messenger informing them that they should conquer. They went forth with the messenger, who killed a deer, took the sinews from it, and strung a bow, and from a piece of flint made an arrowhead, and the first time the buffalo attacked them, it was killed.


The Apatches claim their father was the son of God and lived among the clouds with the Almighty. One day as their father was descending to the earth on a spider web, the Great Spirit sent a bolt of lightning and cut him in two; and out of one half of their Father, women grew, and children multiplied. The place of this remarkable occurrence is located across the "big water" in the Northwest, where the Indians crossed on the ice and came to this country.

All the traditions of the Apatches do prove that they came from the Northwest, and some even have a knowledge of Behring's Straight, where they claim their forefathers crossed. It is well established the Apatches have inhabited the mountains for more than a century; and it is the opinion of many that they are a part of the lost tribes of Israel, and the original pilgrims of this hemisphere.

We made it a point to visit the school of this Agency, also, and were well paid for the visit. The building is 1-1/4 miles from the Agent's house, and the school is conducted by Mr. A. J. Standing, a teacher of many years' experience among them. He had 62 pupils in the school, who were boarded, clothed, and cared for under his direction.

Mr. Standing took great interest in showing the advancement they had made while with him, and presented us with a number of specimens of writing and drawing, executed by the boys and girls.

With the older and younger members of the tribe, Agent Haworth seemed to be a favorite, and we were amused with the earnestness with which they examined the gray hairs of his beard to see if he would live long with them. They all know him as "Red Beard," the agent of Washington.

A very valuable article among them is the tooth of an elk. As most elks have no teeth, and never more than two, they are prized very highly, two teeth being worth one mule. We noticed a little girl, the daughter of a chief, who wore a sack on which were sewn 27 teeth, worth about $1,300, and were informed that another had one worth $2,100 according to their estimated value. A herd of thirty elk roam within forty miles of the Agency, but are rarely killed, owing to their remarkable instinct of avoiding their enemies.

On the road from the Cheyenne to the Wichita Agency, we saw 60 miles distant, with the naked eye, the elevated dome of Mount Scott, rising majestically above the horizon, surrounded by Mounts Sheridan and Medicine Bluff.

The first house after crossing the Canadian is that of George Washington's, a full blood Indian of considerable reputation, and formerly chief of the Caddos, of which tribe he is a member. During the war he fought against the Union Indians in the cause of the rebellion.

"In the summer of 1871, Caddo George, having had a field made, raised some corn to sell. He accordingly went to Shirley, the trader, and contracted his corn, and was furnished with a corn-sheller to shell it, and sacks to put it in. In due time the corn was delivered, which, from some cause, weighed unusually heavy. George, however, was paid in goods, at a heavy price, corresponding with the weight of the corn.

"When the sacks were emptiedCwhich was not done for several daysCa large stone was found in the middle of each sack, fully accounting for the great weight of the corn. George was called to an account by the trader, to whom he acknowledged that he had put the stones in the sacks.

"George stated that, having started on the white man's road, he thought it was a pretty good road, and was anxious to follow it up. He accordingly watched the white men, in order to learn it well. The trader had cheated him a great deal, and he thought it was part of the white man's road, and he would try and cheat him just a little. The logic was good, and George had been paid, the trader could recover nothing, and he had to consider the explanation satisfactory."

Among other good jokes told of George is that of an individual with whom he had traded horses and lost about $7.50, who stopped with him for dinner one day. After partaking of a hearty meal, he asked George what was his bill, when George replied in stuttering tones:

"Una, una, seven dollars una fifty cent."

"My G__d! For dinner?"

"Una, una, yes. You cheat me some day."

It don't do to refuse to pay board bills in that country, so the traveler had to come down with that amount.

The Kiowas are an exceedingly lively class of Indians, and are happy as long as they have plenty to eat. They relish quantity more than quality, and devour almost anything that a hog would eat, with great satisfaction. We witnessed the killing of a cow for beef. After shooting it a half dozen times in the shoulders and sides, the animal fell, and was soon divested of its hide. The meat was then cut from the bones, and part of the entrails saved. An unborn calf was cut open and its liver eaten raw while yet steaming with life.

Mothers picking and eating the insects from their children's heads, and other instances of filth unparalleled could be seen almost any time in the camps, and yet these Indians are far superior in manliness than those adjoining or near the settlements.

The wilder tribes are more honorable in war, and more faithful to promises than many of those nearer civilization. The language of the Kiowas cannot be interpreted; and in order to make their wants known, they talk Comanche, which is regarded as the predominant and standard language of the western portion of the Territory. Many speak Spanish, and all know the answer: "No savey,"C(don't understand), so commonly used in this country by the Chinese. "Wano," is good, and "chuckaway," something to eat. Many of the whites have abbreviated the word, and call it "chuck." All names of individuals have a meaning, and when anyone distinguishes him or herself, they are given a new name. "Ese-tike" is one of very peculiar meaning. "Ese"Cwolf, and "tike,"Ctail.

They call Sunday the white man's medicine day. To make medicine with them is to worship or call on Deity for assistance. They do not believe in future punishment, but are confident that all Indians go to Heaven, or the happy hunting ground, as they term it. They never speak the name of the dead, and are believers in spiritualism.

Among the Comanches is a man, who they claim performs miracles equal to those of our Savior.

The young medicine man makes bold pretensions. He claims that he has raised the dead to life. He is reported to have raised from his stomach nearly a wagonload of cartridges at one time, in the presence of several Comanches. He then swallowed them again, informing the Comanches that they need not fear the expenditure of ammunition in carrying on a war against the whites, as he can supply all their needs in that line. He can make medicine which will render it impossible for a Comanche to be killed, even though he stands just before the muzzles of the white man's guns. He ascends above the clouds far beyond the sunCthe home of the Great Spirit, with whom he has often conversed.

He has done these things in open daylight, in the presence of many Comanches, remaining in the sky overnight, and coming back next day; he has been known to do this four times. In short, he has power to control the elements, to send wind, lightning, thunder, rain, and hail upon his enemies, and in no respect is he inferior to the Great Spirit.

The main body of the Comanches believe all this, and are afraid to disobey him for fear of his medicine if they offend him. Horseback, who has hitherto been friendly, brought in and left his ambulance with the agent, and gone to the great medicine council. Some few are bold enough to brave his medicine, and remain near the Agency. What the result will be it is impossible to forecast; but in all probability, the Comanches will be led by him wheresoever he sees fit. It is seriously to be feared that he will lead them to destruction, in which many others may become involved.

How this bold pretender succeeds in deluding the minds of this people may be understood from the following: It is given out that at a certain time he will visit the sun, the dwelling place of the Great Spirit. A number of prominent persons are in attendance as witnesses. He withdraws himself a short distance from them, charging them to look directly at the sun until he speaks to them, then to let their eyes slowly fall to the place where he is standing; as they do this, they will see dark bodies descend to receive him, with which he will ascend.

His directions being complied with, the dark objects descend to him, and being blinded by their continued gaze upon the orb of light, he bids them slowly raise their eyes, and the dark objects arise, while he conveys himself away, and keeps concealed until the time appointed for his return. These men, thoroughly deluded, believe and report that they saw him ascend to the sun.

While at the different Agencies, our resident minister, Rev. Fleming, who made a tour similar to our own through the Territory, with Mr. O. P. Houghton, some time since, was highly spoken of and requests made that he should repeat his visit.

Corn at the Wichita Agency retails at 40 cents per bushel. Flour retails at $6 to $8 per 100 pounds. Hay by contracts, $7 per ton. Apples sixty cents per dozen. Ponies from $20 to $40 each.

Fort Sill is a military post of some importance, and frequently numbers 1,000 inhabitants. The buildings are built of stone in a very substantial manner, and would afford strong defense against an attack. There is a store, one hotel, one photograph gallery, one saloon and billiard hall, a barber shop, several laundries, besides a number of officers' residences and soldiers' quarters. A telegraph line extends to Jackborro, Texas, and while they are a long ways from civilization, they enjoy many advantages. Every two or three weeks, the soldiers give an entertainment of a theatrical nature, and dull time is driven away by the sports of horse racing and hunting game. The location is good, healthy, and very pleasant. They have a tri-weekly mail from Caddo, on the M. K. & T. Railway, and a tri-weekly from Wichita, Kansas. A new contract has been agreed upon by which the time required from Wichita to Sill is but forty-eight hours. The fare by stage between Caldwell and Sill is $20. From Caldwell to Cheyenne Agency $15. To Wichita Agency $18.

After remaining eight days at the Kiowa and Comanche Agency, we turned our faces homeward and drove about five miles, when we met a pack mule heavily loaded, with a white canvass over his load, making it appear as large as a small-sized elephant. Before we could give our horses an introduction to the harmless beast, they reared, plunged, and finally whirled round and started to run. As they wheeled, the pole of the wagon snapped off and the vehicle almost upset. We held on like grim death to a dying nigger, and by the timely assistance of our companion, were prevented from being dragged over the dashboard. The animals at last subsided and we crawled out to take an invoice of damages.

Finding we could not proceed, we straddled one horse, and leading the other, returned to the Agency after a wagon to draw ours in with. Agent Haworth, as usual, tendered his assistance, and before night Wm. Wikes, the carpenter, and David McBride, the blacksmith, had our vehicle ready to proceed with. The next morning we started again, avoiding every-thing in the shape of pack mules, and made a pleasant drive back to the Wichita Agency, where we met Theodore Moore, Howard, and Simms, going to Sill, and Jack Seaman, McCoy, and Hank Reed, just starting.

At ten o'clock the next day, we were on our road again and drove to George Washington's and stopped for the night. Bright and early the morning of the next day, we were again in our wagon, and reached Cheyenne Agency before noon, where we were entertained by Agent Miles for dinner.

Mr. Miles was in the height of enjoyment, as he had but recently been the recipient of a ten pound boy. (Babies weight two pounds more in the Territory than in this vicinity.) Before leaving we visited the school building, but did not have the opportunity of seeing the school in session as it was Saturday, and the children had gone home. They have 114 pupils enrolled. The school house is a very clean, and in a commodious building, well heated and ventilated. Mr. Miles is a thorough businessman and good financier. He has recommended to the Department that the Indians be awarded the contract for transporting their own goods, and has a bill before Congress to that effect.

Lee & Reynolds, at this Agency, will buy 10,000 buffalo hides of the white hunters this winter and hire the Indians to tan them, paying $3 for the tanning of each robe. A squaw can tan four a week.

The plan is a good one and meets the hearty approval of the Agent, as it will net them $30,000.

We drove from Cheyenne Agency to Jones' ranche during the remainder of the day, overtaking L. C. Norton, R. B. Scott, B. Hyde, and Coffey at the Cimarron. After supper we took a turkey hunt by star light, but after wandering a distance of twelve miles and seeing but one bird, we returned to the ranche at 1 o'clock pretty well fatigued.

The next morning by daylight we were on our way again, and drove to Uncle Tom's cabin by twelve, and prepared to take dinner, when to our sorrow, our bread and cake had all moulded during our long stay at Sill, and as we had managed to reach a ranch each meal time, we had not noticed it. What was to be done? Ninety miles from nowhere, no chuck, nothing to make any; and no friends. With a face as long as an ordinary bootjack, we implored Uncle Tom to bake us two loaves of bread, promising good pay. He did it in just an hour, and we were not long in starting again. Uncle Tom lives on Long BranchCso called from the fact it takes so long to find it.

We had proceeded but a few miles from our dining place when a fearful storm arose, accompanied by rain. Being anxious to get home, we kept on until our overcoats were soaked with water. A cold north wind with hail and snow then set in, and our faces were beaten blue with hail stones, and coats frozen on our backs, before we reached timber and a good camping place.

In camp we soon had a good fire, dried our clothes, and made our bed in the wagon, and were soon warm and fast asleep, notwithstanding we had been told that the Endicott boys had been murdered and scalped by Indians a few days before, near the same place. We were then in the treacherous Osage country, and used discretion accordingly, although we had no apprehensions of trouble.

The next day was equally cold, but the snow was not falling so fast. After a tedious drive of only 35 miles over a muddy road, we arrived home in time for supper, having eaten the last of our supplies early in the morning.

All in all, the trip was an enjoyable one, as well as profitable in the way of experience; and one that we shall be glad to repeat at no distant day. To parties who have never made a trip through a wild, unbroken prairie country, it would be relished beyond comparison. Early in the spring, after the grass is well started, or in the fall before cold weather, would be the best time to go.



[Beginning Wednesday, February 21, 1877.]








LEGISLATIVE. Nothing of special importance has transpired in the Legislature of late. L. J. Webb has been recognized and exceedingly favored on several Committees. The Senate passed a concurrent resolution asking Congress to give Kansas the fort buildings and reservation at Fort Harker, the State to relinquish all claims on account of the Price and Indian raids. It was stated that the object was to make a reform school at Harker. About a dozen resolutions instructing Congress on various subjects, were then passed. Among these: The Senate concurrent resolution asking Congress to organize a Territorial Government in the Indian Territory was passed. On the third reading the bill to allow the school fund to be invested in school bonds was lost, but left in a shape to be brought up again. A resolution asking Congress to organize a Territorial Government in the Indian Territory was adopted.




Deadwood, Feb. 15. During the last week a number of reports of Indian depredations have been coming in from small towns adjacent here. Today these rumors assumed an alarming aspect, and substantiated news of the simultaneous attacks in different directions leads to the belief that the Indians are surrounding this vicinity. Nolen's large cattle train was captured entire near Bear Butte yesterday.

Fletcher's herd of mules was also captured in the same vicinity. Montana ranche, a short distance from here, was attacked about the same time, the Indians capturing all the stock. Wigginton's herd of horses, near Crook City, were all captured, Wigginton wounded, and his assistant killed. Considerable stock in the vicinity of Spearfish were also run off.




WINFIELD, KAS. Jan. 23, 1877.

This is a list of officers of Winfield Chapter No. 51, Royal Arch Masons, installed at their hall on Monday evening, January 22nd, 1877, for the ensuing year.

John D. Pryor, High Priest.

M. L. Read, King.

Jas. A. Simpson, Scribe.

W. C. Robinson, Captain of the Hosts.

A. Howland, Principal Sojourner.

W. G. Graham, Royal Arch Captain.

J. W. Johnson, Commander of the Second Vail.

S. H. Myton, Commander of the First Vail.

Frank Gallotti, Treasurer.

C. C. Black, Secretary.

N. C. McCulloch, Sentinel.

Past High Priest Hargis, of Wichita, Acting Chief Marshal.

Rev. Rusbridge, though not a member, was Acting Chaplain, he being an invited guest.

The rites were witnessed by the wives and sweethearts of the members, also Prof. G. W. Robinson, Principal of the Winfield schools. The ladies saw those that are near and dear to them clothed in the beautiful robes of the Order, and assigned to stations that are alike responsible and honorable. The Chapter then called "off" to the Central Hotel, where we were all made happy by the commodious and comfortable rooms, and the bounteous repast which we found weary in waiting for those that hunger and thirst, and to which we did ample justice, and went away feeling that it was good for us to be there. JUST A LOCAL.




DEXTER, KAS., Feb. 13, 1877.

We have had some beautiful weather in this part for several days past, until yesterday, when we were visited by a storm of sleet and snow, which is about two inches in depth today. We suppose most all the young grasshoppers that had hatched out will perish, and the farmers are not sorry.

The wheat is coming out nicely. A number of our farmers have begun plowing for spring crops. There will be a third, if not one-half more corn put in on Grouse valley this season than ever before.

Dexter is still holding her own, notwithstanding the hard times. Trade is pretty good, and building is going on to some extent. Dr. Wagner has just completed a neat and attractive dwelling on the edge of town, and James Harden is finishing a large and commodious dwelling just north of town.

John Graham has made an addition to his wagon and blacksmith shop, and Hoyt & Bro. are building a harness and shoe shop.

A. A. Wiley, of Maple City, I understand, is going into the merchandise business in Dexter.

The Dexter mills have changed hands. A Mr. Stump, of Winfield, is the present owner, and we hope he will stump us all in the way of good flour, good turn-outs, etc. Yes, Mr. TRAVELER man, if you were a married man, and had your wife to look scissors and three legged stools at you on account of dark looking bread, when you had visitors, you would feel interested in having a good miller, too. HUGO SANDERS.




EGGS eight cents per dozen.

CADDO squaws ride on side saddles.

WINFIELD is to have a literary society.

A. C. WELLS is on his way back to this place.

JUDGE CHRISTIAN has some very nice imported hogs.

WM. SLEETH returned from a visit to Ohio, last Friday.

MR. MANTOR is on his feet again, and enjoying the fresh air.

The chances are we shall have a railroad before another year.

DR. SHEPPARD will appear in a newly painted buggy next week.

DURING the dull times Monday, H. & Mc. sold $400 worth of dry goods.

A new store is to be opened at Salt City next week with a full stock of goods.

GEO. F. HOWELL, chief clerk of Pawnee Agency, and Agent Burgess' son are here.

MR. WM. COOMBS has been disabled for several days from an old sprain in the back.

GEO. A. EDDY, brother of our fellow townsman, spent a few days in this place last week.

DURING a storm, the Wichita Indians take off everything of red color, as flannel, ribbon, etc.

The Emporia Ledger will have an interesting communication from Prof. Norton next week.

COL. HUNTER, of South Haven, paid us a visit this week. Glad to see you Colonel; come again.

The good people of Hutchinson presented Rev. Swarts with a new suit of clothes lately.

RECT DAVIS tells of a lively occurrence that took place at Kiowa, last week, in the way of a coon hunt.

THE LEGISLATURE passed a resolution protesting against the removal of the Sioux to the Indian Territory.

The dance at Bland's school house is to be on Friday, the 23rd, instead of the 22nd, as announced last week.

MR. A. CHAMBERLAIN arrived from Wisconsin, Monday evening. He reports snow two feet deep in the north.

DURING the bad state of the roads, a buckboard was put on the mail route from Wichita, in place of the stage.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

PONCA, OSAGE, PAWNEE, AND KAW INDIANS were all represented at the Central Avenue dining table one day this week.

For the able management of the paper during our absence, we are indebted to Ed. Gray and the boys of the office.

The number of men at Fort Sill has been reduced to two companies of infantry and two of cavalry. Gen. Hatch is in command.

FIVE FAMILIES of newcomers from Illinois came in last week, brining some of the best horses we have seen in the State.

MR. SKINNER's brother in Quincy, Illinois, was thrown from a buggy and killed, the day after he left him, on his recent visit.

THE M. E. SOCIAL will be held at Pearson's Hall, as usual, on next Thursday. All who fail to attend will miss a good time.

MR. TRISSELL, the Rose Hill Nurseryman, has moved his family to this place, and expects to be a continual resident among us.


Arkansas City boasts of a cheese factory; but it isn't running this winter. Ex.

No, the cheese isn't running, but the factory is.





PONCA INDIANS. A party of eleven Ponca Indians from Dakota Territory arrived at this place on Saturday afternoon of last week from the Kaw Agency, in charge of Agent J. Lawrence, of Dakota, Colonel E. C. Kemble, of Washington, D. C., and Rev.

S. D. Hinman, of Nebraska. They came via Independence, Kansas, and visited the Osage and Kaw Agencies on their way, the whole time occupying eleven days. The Indians with them are the representative men of their tribe, and are as fine looking and intelligent red men we have seen. All are large and powerful men, and apparently intelligent. The Ponca tribe numbers 730 people, who have advanced considerably in farming and agricultural pursuits. Their reserve is in Dakota Territory, on the Missouri river. Owing the frequency with which the grasshoppers visit them and the frequent raids of the Sioux, they have become discouraged and expressed a desire to remove to a warmer climate, remote from wild Indians, where they could live in peace, farm, and raise cattle; and for this purpose, have come to see the Indian Territory. Before arriving here they were tired out and homesick, and it is doubtful if they can be suited in a location. The old Kickapoo reserve is the choicest locality in the Territory; and if they consent to remove at all, they will probably choose it for themselves.

The names of those with the company are: Wan-ni-di-sha, Ta-tan-ka-in-agin, Tou-ani-toucan, Wich-te-el-cera, Heboka-ton-ka, Maten-lojia, Wiearay-olape, Frank Le Flesche, Xota-kaga, Xdya-u-ka-la, Chas. Le Clair.

The Ponca Indians claim to have been members of the Osage tribe many years ago, and speak nearly the same language. At their recent visit to the Agency, they claim the Osages treated them very coldly, and reported the country they were going to see as bad land, so as to discourage them from coming. The meaning of their names published above is White Eagle, Standing Buffalo, Big Elk, Long Chief, Sitting Bear, White Swan, "The Chief," Smoke Maker, Standing Bear, and Little Picker.




"WILD CAT" writes us from Guelph, under date of February 18th, that there is a man in that vicinity who openly boasts that he "intends making it warm for someone about the TRAVELER Office," and that "some fine day this week he is going down to put a head on the editor." "Wild Cat" kindly gives us the name of the party, but out of charity we withhold it from the public.

Now, if the gentleman could realize how it shocks our mental and physical constitution, he surely would not speak so rashly. Ever since we first made our abode in the beautiful and verdant county of Cowley, we have had to undergo the tortures of threats of being shot, waylaid at midnight, and finally a new head is to be put on our person.

The thought of it is terrible! But what is, must be. Our fighting weight is just 127-1/2 pounds; time for fracases, twenty-five minutes of 12, at noon, as that is the time we feel most hungry and savage.

If the gentleman desires "deadly weapons," we can furnish them, as we like to be accommodating. Our choice is shot guns, at long range. We will not quarrel about the distance. The bluff north of town and Dr. Leonard's fence would suit us nicely for stations. Our second will be Jim HueyChe can't run. Now if these arrangements are satisfactory, the gentleman can name the day, and we will endeavor to have a friend there to explain the cause of our absence; otherwise, he will have to take the perilous chances of standing in front of our accident shot gun, that goes off without provocation, or being demolished with a hair space.




SHOOTING AFFAIR. One week from yesterday a slight quarrel ensued between Charley Lyons and Hiram Jones in a saloon at Caldwell, finally resulting in the shooting of Lyons. The circumstances as near as we could obtain them were as follows.

Hiram Jones had left a pistol and belt with the saloon keeper, and Lyons had taken them. Hiram asked Charley for them, and was refused. He then watched his opportunity, and as Charley was walking down the street, Hiram stepped up behind him and grabbed the pistol, presented it to the face of Lyons, remarking, "Now, give me the belt." Lyons refused to give it up, and no more was said until Jones got Lyons' coat. Both agreed then that each should go to the saloon and leave the property of the other, which was done; but as Hiram reached for the belt, Charley grabbed the pistol, and during the scuffle it went off, the ball striking Lyons on the cap of the knee and causing him to fall. Hiram, becoming frightened, fled, but was soon brought back under arrest, and tried for the offense. The jury returned a verdict of not guilty, which seemed to be the sentiment of most those who were acquainted with the facts. Lyons was taken to Wellington and his leg amputated, but his recovery is pronounced doubtful. Both parties are well known in this vicinity.

LATER. Charles Lyons died from his pistol wound in his knee, at Wellington, last Friday. His career has been a varied and excited one.




Since the Indian excitement of last week has subsided, it is now easy to see how a story can be started without any foundation whatever. The report was that two of our citizens had been killed, scalped, and cut to pieces, but as the parties came in shortly after, it was proven entirely groundless. Such reports are a detriment to the peace and prosperity of any border settlement, and the parties originating them should be rigidly dealt with and punished by the law.







Has anybody captured a young grasshopper in order to try his powers of endurance under a low thermometer? Ledger.

Yes, verily. We have the animile in our possession that has stood the wind, rain, and storm, been chilled to a degree that not a muscle could be stirred, and yet placed in the sun, soon evinced its usual activity. Fire and water is all that will get away with them, although we do not fear that they will remain long enough to do any material damage.


If you are troubled with headache, dullness, incapacity to keep the mind on any subject, dizzy, sleepy, or nervous feelings, irritability of temper, or a bad taste in the mouth, palpitation, unsteady appetite, pains in the side, or any such symptoms of liver complaint and constipation of the bowels, go to your physician and get a bottle of quinine with a little spirits fermenti mixed with it. Take the latter, leave the quinine, and rub the bottle on your neck, and you will feel as if you had taken something.


CALLED. WM. CONNER, well known in this vicinity, and the Territory, as the most intelligent Osage Indian in the Territory, made us a call last week to renew acquaintances. "Bill" was on his way west, as a guide to the party of Ponca Indians inspecting the country west of the Arkansas. Since leaving this place some years ago, Wm. Conner has donned citizens' clothes and has a farm of 107 acres on the Cana river, with a number of ponies and hogs.


CALDWELL MAIL. Mail service between Arkansas City and Caldwell has been increased to three times a week instead of two as heretofore. Time of arrival Mondays, Wednesday, and Fridays at 12 m., and leave the same days one hour after arrival. The increase will prove very beneficial to the people of this place as well as Guelph, South Haven, Caldwell, and vicinity. Henry Schultz is the carrier and Mr. Draper, of St. Louis, the contractor.


MAD DOG. A mad dog was seen running at large on the Arkansas, in the vicinity of Geiser's last Sunday. On its mad career it bit a dog and a calf belonging to Mr. Passmore, also Mr. Geiser's dog. A party started in pursuit of the canine, headed by Capt. Geiser, and considerable excitement prevailed. We have not yet learned whether the animal was overtaken or not, but at last accounts they were on its trail.


FIRE. On last Wednesday afternoon, while Mrs. A. O. Hoyt was absent from her rooms at the Central Avenue, a spark escaped from the stove and caught fire in the carpet. One of the girls at the house smelled something burning and went in just in time to prevent the flames from spreading. The affair made some excitement with the household, and might have proven very serious.


RUNAWAY. A lively runaway took place in front of our office last Thursday, creating a little stir for a short time. The team belonged to R. A. Houghton, and took fright while standing alone, untied, running around Houghton & McLaughlin's store, and striking the hub of another wagon as they passed. A number of persons followed them yelling whoa, whoa. No material damage was done.


The Literary Society that has met at Hartsock's school house for some time will meet hereafter at Parker's. A meeting will be held tomorrow evening, when the usual dialogues, declamations, and the reading of the paper, will be performed.


NEW GROCERY. Mr. Berry, of the firm of Berry Brothers, of Pulaska Co., Ill., has arrived and will open a large and fresh stock of groceries, queensware, and glassware, in Pearson's building in about two weeks. The young men are enterprising and accommodating and will soon meet the favor of all who patronize them.


LAZETTE, 21st, 1877. All quiet on the Grouse except the railroad excitement, which is running high. The people are at a loss to know whether they will build the depot in Lazette or on Ben Clover's farm. The general opinion is that Ben will get the switch and depot both.


DIED. Harriet Matilta, wife of George Egbert, died at the residence of Mr. John Splawn, February 5th. She came from Missouri to this county in December last for her health. She leaves a husband and six children. Her husband arrived here a few days after she was buried.


At the Lyceum at Salt City, last Friday, the question of debate was "Resolved that a man should be worth $1,000 before he could be married by law." It was decided by the ladies that he should not. Question for next Friday: Resolved that women should have the right of suffrage.


LEADS, the Government (?) inspector for the different Indian Agencies in the Territory, evinced so much smartness during his recent visit that his services were dispensed with when he returned to New York. His main errand was to work against western contractors.


CAPTAIN VANN, of the Cherokees, once had a steamboat built in Cincinnati, Ohio. The boat was called Lucy Walker, and said to be the finest of olden times. Herald.

Wonder if he ever tried to bring it up the Arkansas?


MR. S. MATLACK, of Pawnee Agency, paid us a call this week. Mr. Matlack has been with the Pawnees seven years, and for three years last past a trader among them. See his notice in another column relative to whites trading with the Indians.


[Dec. 21st, 1876, notice.]


MR. WILKES, OF FORT SILL, owns that well imported stock farm just south of Caldwell. It is one of the best in Sumner County, having the advantage of being adjacent to the State line, with good water and plenty of stables for stock. It is for rent.


The Lady Washington Tear Party meets at Pearson's Hall tomorrow evening, to have an old fashioned supper, and general good time. Admittance ten cents. Supper, including oysters 50 cents.


In dry weather the best route for freighters is by the "cut off," or the regular road from this place. After a heavy rain the Caldwell route would prove best, as the ruts are not as deep as those on the Fort Sill trail from this place.


The sermon of Rev. S. D. Hinman, of Nebraska, on the subject of religious work among the Indians, was received with considerable interest. The house was crowded to overflowing.


In the grave of Pat Hennessey, on the trail from Caldwell to Jones' Ranch, is buried a copy of the TRAVELER, probably the only orthodox literature that could be obtained at the time.


J. LINDSEY STUBBS was Acting Agent during Mr. Beede's recent absence. The compliment to our friend, J. L., is a high one, and evidenced good judgment on the part of the Agent.


MR. JOHNSON, of Elk Falls, and Mr. Lewis, the parties who are to erect the grist and saw mill near the mouth of Grouse creek, are on the grounds and are ready for work.


It is said that water is so scarce at Cedar Vale that even the dumb animals have taken to drinking whiskey, and the animals that are not dumb, soon become so after drinking it.


MR. LETTS received a letter from Todd & Royal of Wichita, that they would resume boring for coal at Salt City in a few days. The gentlemen surely have pluck.


PECULIAR. The gentleman (?) who has been "living with his sister" in the vicinity of Eads' school house, Sumner county, had an addition to his household last week.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

THE PONCA INDIANS all had their photographs taken at Bonsall's yesterday, dressed in the most attractive manner. He will have a number for sale in a few days.


AGENT HAWORTH, of the Kiowa and Comanche Agency, has sufficiently recovered from his prolonged illness to be able to attend to his official duties.


The Sac & Fox Indians are said to be the best tanners in the Territory. Herald.

The Caddoes can shame any Indians in the Nation on tanning.


The Democratic pole of this place has been constructed into a hitching rack at Benedict's store, and the jacks and mules are tied to it as before.


The Waco Indians, numbering 47 men, left Wichita Agency Oct. 5th and returned January 1st, with 683 buffalo hides and over 300 wolf skins.


DIED. Monday, February 19th, an infant of Mr. and Mrs. Kouns. Aged one year. A subscription had to be raised to buy a coffin for it.


EDWARD N. STEBBINS, of New Jersey, has been appointed a member of the board of Indian commissioners.




The following is a list of the pardons granted by Governor Osborn for the year ending November 30, 1876, with the names of the persons pardoned, the crimes, and the counties where they were convicted.

James Dall, Grand larceny, Cowley county.




The last census of the Pawnee tribe foots up 1,667.

Wild turkeys are not so plentiful in the Territory as formerly.

Indian Agent Burgess and family are hunting on Cimaron river.

The Pawnee ferry boat is run in the Arkansas river by contract.

The Pawhuska school for Indian children contains 119 pupils.

Immense number of buffalo are being slaughtered in the Territory.

Quapaws sprinkle ashes around their huts to keep ghosts from choking them to death while sleeping.

The Shawnees recently cut a hole in a coffin lid, over the face of the corpse, for the escape of the spirit. They then burnt a living dog to prevent the return of the spirit to the body.

Six Kaw Indians passed through this place the other day en route for their Agency west. For two months previous they had amused the inhabitants of the principle cities of Kansas and Missouri with the contortions of the mazy scalp dance, and now go home to rest.

Arkansas City Traveler, February 21, 1877.

[Item from the Indian Herald.]

Acting Agent Stubbs has shown us a telegram stating that Indian Inspector Kemble and a delegation of Ponca Sioux, are on their way to this place. The Osages are ordered to meet them in council, and before our next issue, big speech making will be the order of the day.


The Pawnee scouts, now being employed by the Government in the Sioux war, are wintering at Sidney, Nebraska. These scouts, under the leadership of Major Frank North, have rendered efficient service in the campaign just closed, and have received high commendations from the principal officers with whom they have come in contact. They now have one hundred fine ponies, captured from the Sioux. They came out of every battle and skirmish unscathed, not having lost one of their number. They have done but little in the business of scalping, this winter, and have but one such trophy to show: a white man having stolen the only other one taken. Most of them talk a little English, write to their people in the Territory nearly every week, are in good heart, and seem to enjoy soldiering. Indian Herald.




The House passed a bill removing the boundaries of the Texas cattle grazing ground to the west line of Comanche county, about one hundred miles west of Wichita. This practically opens up for agricultural purposes the counties of Barber, Harper, Comanche, and the west half of Sedgwick, which are at present within the range of the "long horns."

The bill is being vigorously opposed by the delegation from Sedgwick county, reinforced by a large lobby from Wichita, and the officers of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad company.

The effect of the bill, if it passes the Senate and becomes a law, will be to compel the extension of the railroad to Arkansas City, or Caldwell, or some other point on the line of the Indian Territory, to which the cattle can come without let or hindrance, for the Santa Fe folks will not surrender the cattle trade to the Kansas Pacific rather than build sixty miles of road through a level county.

Mr. Hubbard deserves well of his people for the untiring efforts for this bill, which resulted in its passage by a large majority. Journal of Commerce.


Legislative Summary.

WE neglected to state yesterday that the House passed the bill removing the Texas cattle dead line ninety miles west of where it is now.

The Senate yesterday adopted a resolution calling on the proper authorities to tell what they know about Sam Lappin and his securities. It passed, on third reading, several bills; one enfranchising some fifty persons, and one giving the rights of majority to some minors, which could have been done by the courts.

The bill to amend the herd law so that counties that wish to repeal it was lost.

The bill to repeal the law for funding the Territorial debt was carried.

The concurrent resolution providing for the opening of the Indian Territory and its apportionment among the different tribes, was adopted by a vote of 63 to 21. In the afternoon Speaker Wood entered a protest against the passage of the above resolution, on the ground that it would be the means of depleting the population of Kansas.




PROGRAMME of proceedings at Lady Washington's tea party, held in the interest of the Ladies' Society of the M. E. Church of Arkansas City.

Martha Washington - Mrs. Dr. Alexander.

George Washington - C. Swarts.

Columbia - Miss Josie Howe.


Gen. LaFayette - F. York.

Gen. Knox - C. B. Wolf.

Lady Knox - Miss K. Beach.

Gen. Francis Marion - M. A. Felton.

Widow Hamilton - Miss Myres.

Friend Penn (widow of Wm. Penn) - Mrs. Gray.

Mother Washington - Mrs. Bailey.

Widow Warren - Mrs. Cramer.

Miss Cathrine - Mrs. Bonsall.

Red Jacket, Indian chief - Wm. York.

Mother Washington's working maids:

Peggy Jane - Miss Ida Grimes.

Sally An - Miss Nelly Porter.

Bridget and little daughter - Mrs. Fitch and daughter.

Irish character - Mrs. Gibby, assisted by mother McGuire.




The Arkansas river is full to its banks again.

TELL WALTON, Deputy County surveyor, called yesterday.

REVS. PLATTER and FLEMING exchanged pulpits last Sunday.

BERKEY has a Post Office at last, at Salt City. That is, he has one in his store.

ARKANSAS CITY needs a silversmith and tailor. Either of the above would do well here.

DIED. On Sunday, February 25th, of consumption, Melissa Beeson; aged 21 years.

A harness maker from Cedar Vale will locate here as soon as a room can be prepared.

CHAS. PARKER has laid the foundation for a new house near

T. H. McLaughlin's residence.

MR. FARRAR, father of H. P. Farrar, returned to his home in Phillips, Maine, yesterday.

A lamp exploded in the hands of a little girl at Oxford last Friday, and burned her terribly.

MRS. FITCH will remove her stock of millinery to the building just vacated by Mr. Newton.

CAPT. BIRD sold 80 acres of land three miles north of town to H. C. Merrick, last week, for $800.

It costs a newspaper publisher about twenty cents a year postage on each paper sent out of the county.

HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN will continue the grocery trade in their old store building after they remove to Newman's brick.

SOLD OUT. Esquire Coburn sold his farm to Mr. Warren for $1,900. Mr. Warren also bought McFadden's and Reed's places.

DR. HOLLAND and a number of others expect to start to the Black Hills in April. They have their own teams and will go by land.

FOUR NEW STORES are to be opened at this place within the next six weeks: two dry goods, one grocery, and one drug store. Business.

SOME thief or thieves stole a rope from Theo. Houghton's oxen, and appropriated two of A. A. Newman's poorest ponies last week.

There are more preachers to the square mile about Arkansas City than any other town in the state, and new ones coming in every week.

PONY RACE. A race took place between Tom Boner's horse and Parr's two-year-old colt, on Grouse creek last Saturday. The colt won the races.


On next Friday evening, March 2nd, at the First Presbyterian Church in this city, that celebrated poem, Enoch Arden, by Tennyson, will be read by Rev. J. C. Rushbridge, for the benefit of Rev. J. J. Wingar of this place. It is well known to the good people of this vicinity that Rev. Wingar has labored here earnestly and effectually for the last two years, with but a small pittance for a support. He is about to leave us, with hardly means sufficient to even get to Wichita. Now is the time for the people to show their appreciation of him by coming out to hear read what will be highly interesting and instructive.

Rev. Rushbridge has deservedly a high reputation as a reader, having read this poem several times in England and Scotland, and in the Eastern States.

Tickets 25 cents; for sale at both drug stores.


There were two funerals last Monday at Parker's school house. Isaac Stanbury died on the 25th inst.; born July 13, 1805, in Green county, Tennessee; removed to McLean county, Illinois, in 1836; was connected and united with the M. E. Church in 1839, of which he has been an honored member ever since. Deceased has recently moved to this place from Illinois with his family, was much loved by them and all who knew him, and leaves many to mourn his loss.

Also, on the same day, Malissa, daughter of Wm. and Sarah Beeson, aged 21 years. She was a member of the M. E. Church, and lived and died in full faith and trust in her Redeemer, expressing a desire to depart and be with Christ. Funeral services conducted by Rev. J. J. Wingar, pastor M. E. Church.


LOOK OUT. Last week two ponies were stolen from A. A. Newman's pasture, and a bridle taken from E. B. Kager. Monday evening Charles Roseberry's mules were loosened rather suspiciously, and a saddle and bridle was found near the rock ford of the Arkansas. Parties have been seen loitering about, with no apparent business, and a few evenings since, someone tried to break into Journey Breene's house. Dr. Jones took up a pony that was wandering about his place, lately, which had evidently escaped from the rider as the bridle and saddle found near the ford indicate. It is rather early for horse stealing yet, but as soon as the grass is sufficient to afford feed, it will be well enough to keep a look out.


The Courier publishes a shameful and slanderous attack against Rev. J. L. Rushbridge, of the M. E. Church of Winfield, because the gentleman expressed sentiments contrary to those of the editor. It seems to be the disposition of the Courier to arraign everyone who differs with them. All are entitled to their own opinion and the privilege of expressing them, and as an editor has the opportunity of reaching the ears and attention of a multitude of readers, it is undue advantage to constantly assault everyone because they think and reason differently.


FAREWELL. REV. WINGAR preached his farewell sermon to a crowded house last Sunday evening. The Conference will be held at Wichita this week, and an effort made to have him returned. Arkansas City owes the present flourishing condition of the church and Sabbath school to him, and the united feeling of the members. A new church building is now under way, owing to his untiring energy, and it seems to have a stranger in his place would only be to abandon what has already begun, for no one can be sent to satisfactorily fill his place.


The entertainment at Pearson's Hall last week was well worth seeing. Besides the plays, songs, etc., there were the old fashioned characters of Washington, LaFayette, etc. Supper was served in the room below, and general enjoyment prevailed. The receipts were nearly $60. The proceeds will be devoted to building the new church.



THE PONCA INDIANS at the Central Avenue last week, thinking that the Agent intended taking them to Washington, started on foot to their reservation in Dakota, at about twelve o'clock at night. The distance is probably not less than 400 miles. The Ottoe Indians of Nebraska are their friends, and they expect to obtain ponies from them.


DIED. On Sunday morning, February 25, Mr. Stansburry, father-in-law of Mr. Jasper Hartsock. The old gentleman had just experienced a severe attack of pneumonia, and his system was so prostrated that he could not recover. Aged 71 years.


MAP OF COWLEY COUNTY. We present our readers this week a small map of Cowley county, with description of the same, the abstract assessment roll of 1876, official vote of the county, calendar of 1877, tax law, and other valuable reference matters. It is given as an additional inducement to the patrons of the TRAVELER, and will be given to subscribers only.


THE LOTTERY DRAWING OF CLARK AND WILLIAMS took place at Williams' school house last Thursday, before a number of people. As but one-tenth of the tickets were sold, very little of the property advertised was put in. The largest prize being a team and buggy, drawn by some party living in Winfield. The other prizes were of minor importance, such as lead pencils, beer, etc.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

The number of prescriptions filled by Eddy's Drug Store since the beginning of Arkansas City is _____. Dr. Kellogg issued the first prescription, being "Five Compound Cathartic pills, to be taken at one dose." If we could just find out the man who took the pills, now, we could make it a matter of history for future generations.


ON THE 17TH DAY OF MARCH, 1877, at 4 o'clock p.m., at Parker's school house, there will be a meeting of the members of the Prairie View Cemetery to prepare means for fencing the grounds, and such other business as may come before the house. All who are interested are requested to attend.

G. H. SHEARER, Sec'y.

Feb. 26th, 1877.


We notice by the Telegram of last week that John D. Pryor and Miss Jennie Greenlee were married by Revs. Platter and Rigsby, on Wednesday, the 21st past. Mr. Pryor is a young man of considerable distinction, and has secured one of the most estimable ladies of Winfield's society.


The corner stone of the new Methodist Church will be laid with Masonic ceremonies on Friday, March 2nd, at 4 o'clock p.m. All Masons in good standing are invited to be present and assist in the ceremony. Members of the order will please meet at the Hall at one o'clock.

H. P. FARRAR, Secretary.


W. S. HUNT announces himself ready to attend to all matters pertaining to real estate, and will buy and sell land, pay taxes, execute transfer papers, etc. Mr. Hunt has been a long time resident of Cowley County, and is familiar with every portion of it. Give him a call at Bonsall's Gallery.


S. M. JARVIS has purchased the Cedar Vale Blade of W. M. Allison. Mr. Jarvis was formerly of Tisdale, this county, and while he is a new hand at the wheel, we know him to possess the required energy and tact that will make the Blade an interesting and readable county paper.


WORK ON THE NEW M. E. CHURCH goes steadily forward. The brick are laid above the window sill, and the frames will be put in in a day or two. Go around and look at it, and then lend your encouragement by sending a man around to work or leave something with them.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.


THE PONCA INDIANS that left this place last week, without the knowledge or consent of the Agent, are stopping at the Richie House in Wichita. A number of the Pawnees have gone up with ponies and pack horses to help them reach their reservation.




THE OFFICE OF COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT will be open, until further notice, on Saturday of every week, in the courthouse.


STRAYED. From the premises of Thos. Baird, in Bolton Township, on or about January 20th, one large black and white brood sow, in thin order. Anyone having or hearing of the same, will please address the undersigned at this office.



FOUND. Three desk keys tied together with twisted twine.


FULL-BLOOD BERKSHIRE PIGS for sale cheap, for cash.



MULES FOR SALE. Team, wagon, and harness. W. S. HUNT.



NEW STORE. Mr. Wilson, of Leavenworth, has been spending several days at this place, to make arrangements to open a dry goods store. He has secured the building south of Gardner's, and as soon as it can be made ready, will open a new stock of goods.


The corner stone of the M. E. Church will be laid by the Masonic Fraternity, in due and ancient form, next Friday afternoon at two o'clock. A copy of the TRAVELER, history of the church, and other matters, will be deposited beneath the stone.


MR. BERKEY traded his farm to Houghton & McLaughlin for $2,200 worth of dry goods and will open a store in Salt City this week. His stock will be about a $3,000 one, and will be a great benefit to the residents of Salt City.


CAUGHT AT LAST. Monroe and Magee, the illicit whiskey distillers whom Sheriff Walter frightened out of this county, were arrested near Elgin, Kansas, last week, by a detective, and are now at Topeka awaiting trial.


J. L. HUEY will in a week or ten days open a real estate office in this city, where all kinds of notary work will be attended to such as drawing deeds, mortgages, etc., and any other business in that line.


BORN. On Friday, February 23rd, to Mr. and Mrs. Mussleman, a son. Weight eight pounds. It is two pounds below the average, but it is a bright, sparkling boy. This makes nine for Mr. Mussleman.


ALLEN & SPEERS have entered into partnership and will hereafter be ready to give estimates and take contracts for all kinds of painting. Both are well known, and reliable men.


PASSMORE shot his dog that was bitten by the mad dog last week, but is keeping the calf and hog to await developments. The dog that was mad was not Joseph Hoyt's.


RACE. A race of three hundred yards will take place seven miles east of Caldwell, next Saturday, between "Gray Cow," and Murdock's "Sleepy Jack," for $400 a side.


MR. WM. NEWTON takes up his residence at Winfield this week. He is a man of whom we have great respect, and our wish is that he may prosper in his new location.


GEO. O. SWEET, of Alleghany, Pennsylvania, made a stay of a few days in this place last week. He represents a leather and hide firm of the Keystone State.


MR. ADDISON STUBBS has gone south to dispose of some of the celebrated Hamilton Corn Shellers, and will probably accept the position of Issuing Clerk at the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indian Agency, tendered him by Agent Miles. A more competent or exemplary young man Agent Miles might search for a long time in vain. Emporia Ledger.




Indian ponies are dying of starvation.

Dr. Payne, of the Cherokees, is dead.

The Osage delegation is yet in Washington.

More than 60,000 Indians live in this Territory.

Myriads of grasshoppers, small as wheat grains, bask in the sun.

An old Indian battle ground is plainly marked on this reservation.

A herd of about 20 deer graze in the south part of this reservation.

A bill appropriating $100,000 for the Osages has passed the House.

The Star-Vindicator is the organ for the Baptist church in Oklahoma.

Governor Overton, of the Chickasaw nation, has gone to Washington.

There is no probability of the Sioux being removed to this Territory now.

There is a church membership of more than 6,000 persons in the tribes of this Territory.

The wheat crop in some portions of the Indian Territory is a failure. Denison (Texas) News.

Yesterday an Indian carried a polecat in his blanket, and today his wife feasts her little ones on soup.

We have seen a living grass root and a swelling elm bud, and next week Kansas editors will talk "spring" to us.

Stock of all kinds in the Indian Territory has been on the decrease from year to year ever since the war. Star Vindicator.

An old Pawnee woman is said to be dancing herself to death because her son, who is now in the Black Hills country, has killed three Sioux.

The big "Indian scare" in Arkansas City the other day reminds us of similar occurrences in former days. There are no Osages out and the whole thing is a farce. Kansas had better talk of war with the grasshoppers this year than death from Osages.




The M. E. Church held a festival at the Centennial school house, which was a financial success, the net proceeds amounting to $42.00. The money was immediately handed to Rev. Jones, preacher in charge. A cake was voted to one of our handsomest young ladies.

The Good Templar Lodge, Red Bud, No. 41, is still flourishing, increasing in numbers and interest.

The P. of H. Grand Prairie Grange No. 881 is alive and active in carrying out the principles of the Order. This Grange boasts of several members who have not bought five dollars worth of goods or groceries on credit during the past five years.

Gustavus Locker recently sold his farm to John Walck, Auglaize county, Ohio, for $2,075. Mr. Walck bought this farm for a homestead, and it is the fifth quarter section he has bought in this township.

The Lyceum at the Star Valley school house meets weekly to discuss questions of political and social economy. The first was, Resolved, That every young man should acquire property to the amount of $1,000, before taking unto himself a wife, and was decided in the affirmative. The second, Resolved, That Cowley county vote bonds to aid in the construction of a railroad through the county, was negative. Capt. Siverd and Mr. Lane were the chief disputants. Tough, isn't it? We do pity you Arkansas City chaps, but as we are 25 miles nearer the kingdom, we will try to stand it. RED BUD.

February 19, 1877.




A resolution, protesting against the removal of the Sioux to the Indian Territory, passed the Arkansas Legislature without a dissenting voice. Star Vindicator.




PLEASANT VALLEY, KANS., February 26, 1877.

Your correspondents need not poke us with their essays on 'hoppers, and charge it to our sins. We have good reasons to believe that the laws of nature govern all 'hoppers. When they are drouthed out of our great Northwest, they ride with the most available winds to green fields. When God created anything, he created a law to govern it for all time to come. When he made the 'hopper, the chinch bug, the army worm, the Colorado nettle, the weed seed, etc., they can not suppose the Creator expected to pay especial attention to each individual bug or seed of the weed, while it was in his power to make what we call the natural law that governs all. Neither need our county papers come to us and go to our friends at a distance, telling the astounding stories that "grasshoppers are hatching out on the Arkansas," or "a few miles above town." Is there a person living so benighted as to suppose God had ever made such a mistake as to make the 'hopper before he made the grass to feed him on? Bosh. On general principles, the same balmy wind and sun that sprouts the grass hatches the 'hopper; otherwise, the job would be a bad one.

Wheat is growing fast; prospect for a good crop if the 'hoppers spare it.

Please don't send us too many railroads. Tell your citizens to drive slow, as we farmers are not going to build a road until we see money in it. Pleasant Valley has no corner lots in Arkansas City or Winfield, and our city friends need not come at us with oil on their tongues and spice on their breath. We are awake, and if we go a nickle on a railroad, we want to know when and how we will make five cents out of the investment. In other words, farmers must look to their own interests, and let those who are interested in city real estate look after it. We want no such thing as a majority bond law.

South Bend Grange has "broke ground" for a Grange hall on Granger Jo Hill's farm near Posey creek, he donating 2-1/2 acres. Building, 24 x 28 x 10.

School District No. 10 had a base ball club. They have penalties attached to all swear talk, improper words, and to wallowing on Ed. Chapin's hay stacks. They have just ordered a McNeale & Urban safe for the use of the treasurer. They also have a Lyceum, and will discuss female suffrage next Friday night at the Holland school house; after that they will correct matters at Washington, etc. OLD GROWLER.



Arkansas City Traveler, March 7, 1877. Front Page.

The Ponca Indians.

Inspector E. C. Kemble, of the U. S. Indian Service, James Lawrence, U. S. Agent for the Poncas, White Eagle, Standing Buffalo, Big Elk, The Chief, Standing Bear, Smoke Maker, White Swan, Lone Chief, Hard Walker, and Little Picker, head chiefs of the Poncas, and United States Interpreter Charlie, are now stopping at the residence of Agent Beede and at the De Larue House.

They are here on a tour of inspection, having agreed to cede their Dakota lands to the government of the United States, and accept a home in this Territory where all Northern Indians will ultimately come for the preservation of their tribes and protection against encroachments by whites.

A larger framed and nobler set of men it has never been our fortune to see. Their language is strikingly similar to the Osage, many words of the same meaning being pronounced alike by both tribes. This, together with a tradition which has been transmitted from their ancestors to the present generation, makes us believe that they were once a part and parcel of the Osage Nation.

From this place they go west to the valley of the Ne-shu-tsa (Arkansas) and probably to the Chicaska River also before returning to their kindred in the north.

Their present reservation contains 96,000 acres and is located in the southeast part of the Dakota Territory, on the Missouri River, where they claim to have lived for more than one hundred years. In the rear of their Agent's residence is an old grass and tree grown fort, which they say was built by and for the protection of their ancestors from the murderous attacks of the Sioux, for whom they yet cherish no feeling save that of hatred and revenge.

The tribe now numbers 742 souls, and, notwithstanding the loss of those who fall victims to the war parties of the Northern Sioux that continue to raid upon them during spring and summer, they have slowly and steadily increased in numbers during the last six years.

We are informed by Agent Lawrence that they cultivated 600 acres last year without the aid of white labor. They have a day school with an average attendance of 75 pupils. He also informs us that scrofula and consumption are most prevalent among them, and that the word "ague" is unknown to the Poncas.

The Poncas stopping here are all dressed as citizens first, and then covered with finely beaded blankets. When at home they have substantial log cabins to live in and none of the tribe now acknowledge the lodge or wickiup as home; and when they first came on this reservation and saw the cone-like lodges of the Osages made of United States flags stretched over poles, they were disappointed in their own people.

The Poncas all have fields in which they grow corn, wheat, potatoes, pumpkins, etc. The men of this tribe do the roughest of outdoor work, and in weight and muscular strength are far above that of whites.

Some three years since, the Rev. J. Owen Dorsey, an Episcopalian Missionary, was sent to labor among these people, and at the close of the first year twenty of the tribe were admitted to church membership. They now have a neat chapel in which from 150 to 200 Poncas assemble every Sabbath and quietly listen to instructions given by May, a teacher, in the absence of an ordained minister. This is an index to the moral and intellectual condition of this tribe; but yet ignorant and evil designing people continue to proclaim the impracticability of the Peace Policy among Indians. Indian Herald.




The Sun Dance.

During the years of long ago, before Episcopalian Missionaries commenced their labor of love among the Ponca Indians, the "Sun dance" was their mode of worshiping the Great Spirit.

A plot of ground was enclosed by a high wall leaning toward a still higher post, which stood in the center of the enclosure. This post was firmly planted, and from its top was suspended a half dozen lariats. The ground here was now sacred; and the preparation for worship complete.

The pious Poncas, in buckskin shirts, extending from the waist to the ankle, leaving their chest and arms to display the gaudiness of paint, then entered, formed a half circle, and were seated, facing the center post. A red stone pipe of peculiar finish was next passed from one to another, and each whiffed upward the blue curls as an invocation to the Great Spirit. After this they arose, sounded their bone whistles, and commenced dancing, when two to five of these religious devotees broke ranks and gathered at the center post, where they were joined by "medicine men" who commenced the work of "trying their souls."

This they did by making four perpendicular incisions, two parallel with each other and near each nipple. The skin between the incisions on each breast was separated from the flesh beneath it and a wooden cylinder, long enough to reach from one side of the chest to the other, was then inserted. To this piece of wood and immediately over the sternum (or breast bone) was tied a lariat suspending from the top of the post, and while the blood oozed from their wounds, they blew whistles and danced, swinging to and fro until the pieces of wood were actually torn from their bodies.

The ring dancers gazed steadily upon the sun from the commencement of the ceremony until it sank behind the grass covered hills of the west, and thus the name "Sun dance." Indian Herald.




The Township board will be petitioned to appropriate a sum of money not exceeding $360.00 to be used in repairing of the bridge across Dutch Creek, just above town. It is now proposed to raise the piers and put in an iron bridgeCwhich can be done at the cost of something over $800,000Cthe gentlemen proposing to erect it agreeing to take the subscriptions already raised for pay as far as they go. Telegram.





PRETTY GOOD. The Courier of last week gives an exceedingly complimentary notice of the editor himself, for the wonderful influence he exerted in securing the passage of the new bond law bill requiring a majority vote only, and says:

"The friends of a railroad have reason to thank Col. Manning, Leland J. Webb, and R. L. Walker for their untiring efforts in their behalf. Leland J. Webb, solitary and alone, aided by Col. Manning's fertile brain and Dick Walker's splendid tact, wins the fight and the people are again triumphant."

The facts are that the two gentlemen spoken of, not members of the Legislature, learned at Winfield that the law was about to pass, as we learned here, and immediately hurried away to share the supposed glory of its success. The matter was all understood before the gentlemen left Winfield, and they barely arrived to see the result of it, notwithstanding credit is given to the gentleman of "fertile brain" notoriety.

Mr. Webb worked earnestly for the bill, and with the assistance of Prof. Kellogg, of Lyon, and members from the Western counties, secured its passage, while the Winfield gentlemen were eagerly hunting over the papers to learn the result.




Senate Bill No. 74, by Mr. Savage.

An act to amend an act entitled "An act to enable counties, townships, and cities to aid in the construction of railroads, and to repeal section eight of chapter thirty-nine of the laws of 1874," approved Feb. 25, 1875.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Kansas:

Section 1. That section five of the act to which this is amendatory be amended so as to read as follows:

Section 5. If a majority of the qualified electors voting at such election shall vote for such subscription or loan, the board of county commissioners for and on behalf of such county or township, or the mayor and council for and on behalf of such city, shall order the county or city clerk, as the case may be, to make such subscription or loan in the name of such county, township, or city, and shall cause such bonds with coupons attached, as may be required by the terms of said proposition, to be issued in the name of such county, township, or city, which bonds when issued for such county or township shall be signed by the chairman of the board of county commissioners and attested by the county clerk under the seal of such county, and when issued for such city shall be signed by the mayor and attested by the city clerk under the seal of said city: Provided, No such bonds shall be issued until the railroad to which the subscription or loan is proposed to be made shall be completed and in operation through the county, township, or city, voting such bonds, or to such point in such county, township, or city as may be specified in the proposition set forth in the petition required in the first section of this act.

Sec. 2. That section five of the act to which the amendatory be and the same is hereby repealed.

Sec. 3. This act shall take affect and be in force from and after its publication in the Weekly Commonwealth.

The above bill passed the Senate on a vote of 21 for and 7 against, and the House, by a majority of three.




Time Table.

A. T. & S. F. RAILWAY.

Express and mail, arrives at Wichita daily.

Leaves daily, at 3:40 a.m.

Freight and accommodation arrives daily at 4:45 p.m.

Through freight and stock express leaves daily at 9:00 a.m.

Trains leave Newton for the west--express, 10:25 p.m., freight, 2:15 p.m., 11:45 p.m., and 1:35 p.m.

Trains connect at Wichita with Southwestern Stage Company, for Augusta, Douglas, Winfield, Arkansas City, Oxford, Belle Plaine, Sumner City, Wellington, Pond Creek, Cheyenne Agency, Wichita Agency, and Fort Sill.




WINFIELD has a milk wagon.

A slight snow fell last Sunday.

ED. FINNEY and JOE SHERBURNE have returned from Osage Agency.

SID MAJOR has refurnished his furniture at the Central Hotel in Winfield.

H. O. MEIGS is contemplating building a handsome residence in Wichita.

The schoolhouse seems to be an inducement for the increase in population on the north side.

THE WALNUT RIVER BRIDGE is to be built of iron and wood, and to be completed June 2, 1877.

MR. BEAN, a silversmith from Iowa, has opened a shop in the post office building, and is ready for work.

BORN. On last Saturday morning Mr. James Benedict was made the happy recipient of a ten-pound boy.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. James Hughes, on Saturday, March 3rd, a son. Dr. Alexander had charge of ceremonies.

Another jewelry swindler "took in" a lot of the unwary last Monday. Tom Boner lost $16 and David Bright a small sum.

J. L. KELLOGG, ex-Treasurer of Sumner county, and relative of Dr. Kellogg, has been spending several days at this place.

A special meeting of Crescent Lodge will be held at Benedict's Hall this Wednesday evening.

The grass northwest of town was set fire Monday evening, and many acres burned over. If the grass is allowed to remain until the grasshoppers are hatched, it would serve a good purpose.


It is rumored that Miles, Agent of the Cheyenne and Arrapahoe Agency, intends to place a guard over the timber in the Indian Territory, with a view to arresting and prosecuting parties who go there for wood.


BERRY BROTHERS' stock of groceries began coming in last Monday. The teams were all well loaded, and there were a number of them. Call up and examine them--store opposite the Cowley County Bank, in J. H. Sherburne's old stand.


LAYING THE CORNERSTONE. The ceremony of laying the cornerstone of the M. E. Church building at this place was conducted in due and ancient form by the members of Crescent Lodge No. 132, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, on last Friday afternoon. Deputy Right Worshipful Master, M. L. Read, of Winfield, had charge of ceremonies, assisted by Rev. Rushbridge and Wingar.

The members of Crescent Lodge were well represented, as well as members of the fraternity from adjacent Lodges, and the residents of this vicinity. The procession was headed by the Arkansas City Brass Band, followed by the Stewarts, Entered Apprentices, Fellowcrafts, Master Masons, Senior and Junior Deacons, Senior and Junior Wardens, and Past Masters. At the proper time a sealed tin box, containing a sketch of the Lodge, history of the M. E. Church and Arkansas City from their beginning, two copies of the TRAVELER, with statistics of Cowley county, inducements to emigrants, and a number of coins, were placed in the rock, and the stone lowered to its place, after which the assembly dispersed.


WALNUT RIVER BRIDGE. A contract was made last Friday by T. McIntire, Trustee; Wyard Gooch, Treasurer; and W. D. Mowry, Clerk of Creswell township, with Mr. J. A. Bullene, agent of the Missouri Valley Bridge Co., of Leavenworth, for a wrought iron arch span of 100 feet, and a combination Queen Truss span of 50 feet, over the Walnut river at Newman's mill, to be completed on or before the second day of June, 1877. The bridge is to be 150 feet long, built in two spans, and have one roadway twelve feet wide in the clear, to be constructed on the Arch and Queen Truss bridge plan, for which the Township Trustee, for and on behalf of Creswell township, agrees to pay $2,000 in ten years, ten percent, township bonds, and $200 in township warrants payable: one-half on February 1st, 1878, and one-half February 1st, 1879; binding themselves in the penal sum of $1,000 for the faithful performance of every article of agreement.


MR. WM. COOMBS has some extra fine Brahma chickens on his place, and being desirous of introducing the breed more extensively in this section, he offers the eggs for sale, for setting purposes. These chickens were brought from the East, and are of superior quality. Our farmers could not do a better thing than invest in a few of these eggs, and raise first class poultry.


They carry the mail between Winfield and Arkansas City in a lumber wagon. Courier.

Everyone cognizant with the facts knows the above to be an unmitigated lie. The mails on any route to this place have not been carried in a lumber wagon for several years.




One day last week we were shown a sample of plaster paris, manufactured five miles east of South Haven, in this county, by Messrs. Lloyd and Illingsworth, from the gypsum found in inexhaustible deposits in that locality. The plaster exhibited is said by competent judges to be of excellent quality, and it took the various tests to which it was submitted in our presence, handsomely. This firm is also manufacturing water lime and cement from stone found in the same locality. The manufacture of the articles promises to become a very important industry in Sumner county. Press.




The grist and saw mill of McClaskey & Spencer, located on the Shawkuska river, within one-half mile of the Territory, is now ready for work.


300 POUNDS OF FISH. MR. HARTSOCK seined out 300 pounds of fish from the Walnut last Wednesday, and among the rest a shovel catfish, with a beak a foot and a half long.


PARTIES at Wichita are endeavoring to have Dr. Hughes remove to that place. The Doctor has a wide reputation and extensive practice at this place that he cannot well afford to abandon.


MARRIED. MR. FRANK GALLOTTI and MISS ELEN ROSS, both of Winfield, were married by Rev. Platter, on the evening of February 22nd. The many friends of Mr. Gallotti rejoice in his good fortune.


LAMP EXPLOSION. A lamp exploded at Poke Steven's house last Tuesday evening, after most of the family had retired. The fire caught a dress that was hanging up, and came near setting the house on fire.


A resident of Winfield, with whom we conversed the other day, remarked "The attack of the editor of the Courier on Rev. Rushbridge will just about play him out entirely in Winfield. It was the last kick of his death stroke."




A White Man, Single-Handed,

Repulses a Large Band of Sioux.

By Mr. Henry Tilley, of Ness county, says the Hays City (Kan.) Sentinel, we learn the particulars of an Indian fight which occurred about four weeks ago, in what is known as the "Cone," at the mouth of Sand Creek, about 65 miles west of Ness post office, in which Dr. Tichenor killed four Sioux Indians, and was himself wounded.

The Doctor and a man named Dickenson were out in that section of the country poisoning wolves, and had built a temporary dug-out in which to store their skins and provisions. A few days previous to the fight, Dickenson had taken their team and gone into the settlement after provisions, leaving the Doctor to run the camp.

The Doctor was asleep in their dug-out on the morning of the third day of Dickenson's departure, when he was awakened by a slight noise at the door. Thinking the intruder was a wolf or a skunk, he took up his gun and opened the door, to be confronted b a many, and that man was a Sioux brave, but at that time it was so dark that he could distinguish little more than the outlines. He demanded his business, when the brave turned and fled; and as the Doctor stepped outside to get a shot at him, he was greeted with a volley, which drove him back into the dug-out. Barricading the door as best he could, he awaited daylight.

In the meantime, the Indians, numbering about forty, as near as he could tell, had moved further up the creek; but with daylight, one of them whom Tichenor thinks was the chief, from his dress, came to the dug-out carrying a white rag, and in broken English, demanded his surrender. Tichenor told him there were three men in the dug-out well armed and prepared to fight, and refused to surrender. The chief commenced to threaten, and told the valiant Doctor he would have his scalp. This the Doctor thought to be a declaration of war and shot the red man dead in his tracks, and at the very door of the dug-out. The entire band then rushed in, but were driven back by several well directed shots. The next maneuver by the assailants was an attempt to smoke him out by burning buffalo chips and the wood-work of the dug-out. From his position in the dug-out he could not see the Indian who was superintending the conflagration department, and knowing that if a stop was not put to it, he was a "goner." He made a dash for the outside, kicking the buffalo chips aside, and exchanged shots with the head fireman, who was making tracks for his comrades, killing him instantly, and received a bullet through the lower part of his person. This man fell within five feet of his dug-out door.

Then commenced a long ranged shooting match, in which the Doctor is confident he killed two or more and wounded one. This was kept up during the day, but toward nightfall a terrible snow and wind storm came up, driving the red men to the south and snowing the brave man in. Had it not been for this, they would evidently have got him, for his wound though not dangerous, incapacitated him for fighting. He lay in bed for three days, suffering severely. At the expiration of sixteen days the weather moderated, and he started on foot for the settlements, reaching them in safety, and bringing trophies of one of the most remarkable fights on record. Though wounded but once, the Doctor received several bullets through his clothing, and during his subsequent stay, picked forty bullets out of the wall of the





The Chetopa Herald says Miss Lucella Neale is "the prettiest girl in Dexter." Pass her round.


Senator Ingalls has reported from the Committee on Indian Affairs his new bill for citizenizing the Indians.


There is considerable anxiety on the subject of opening up the Indian Territory. Congress is doing nothing now but attending to the Presidential matter, and nothing else will be done outside of appropriations before next December.





From the Black Hills.

[From the Cowley County Telegram.]

The following letter, from the Black Hills, we are allowed to publish through the courtesy of the gentleman to whom it was addressed.

DEADWOOD, Feb. 15th, 1877.

WM. C. BRIANT: I received yours, of December, and laid it by, as I had not time to answer it at that time, and it has got misplaced; and in consequence, will have to answer your many questions from memory. If I do not answer all, do not think that I did not want to do so. The first, if I remember, was, would it pay you to come out in the spring? That would be a hard question for me to answerCbut I will just say that if I was there, I would not comeC

you can do as you please.

2d. You could not get anything to do at this time. I think wages will be from $2 to $3 per day.

3d. Green hands have done as well as old miners, so far.

4th. Board is from $3 to $16 per week.

5th. Shoe making and carpentering is over done here, the worst of any place I ever saw.

6th. I would not advise anyone to come; but if they are bound to do so, I would say, come with a team and leave the railroad at Sidney.

7th. If I was coming with a wagon, I would bring flour, bacon, sugar, and coffee.

8th. That would depend on how you were coming. If you come by wagon, I would start by the first of April--if by rail and stage, you can start as soon as you please, as the stage comes in three times a week.

9th. There is a paper printed here and I have been sending it to the New Salem Free Press, in care of C. P. all winter. Let me know if they have been receiving them. I will send you a copy. Yes, send me all the reading matter you can, for we don't get much here.

Now if I have omitted any question you asked, just write again and I will try and save it until I answer. Now, let me say a word--the mines are not half as extensive as the papers report them. We have a very small mining country. There was nothing discovered last summer or this winter in the shape of gulch or placer diggings. There has been some quartz lodes discovered here that I think are tolerably good but nothing extra.

* * * * *

Send along the papers. I will be thankful for them.

Respectfully, etc.,





The various township assessors met at the Courthouse on Monday last, for the purpose of adopting a uniform personal property valuation list. Every township in the county was represented by its assessor except one. The meeting was organized by electing Capt. J. S. Hunt Chairman and S. S. Moore Secretary. On motion the following grades and appraise-ments were adopted for the present year.

HORSES. Stallions and fast horses, from $150 to $500; work horses, 1st grade, from $75 to $150; 2nd grade, from $35 to $75; ponies and colts, from $10 to $35.

NEAT CATTLE. 1st grade, bulls and four-year-old fat cattle, and over, from $30 to $45; 2nd grade, bulls and all fat steers less than 4 years old, $20 to $30; Cows--1st grade, from $20 to $30; 2nd grade, from $10 to $20. Steers--three-year-old, from $15 to $30; two-year-old, and heifers, from $8 to $15; yearlings, from $3 to $8. Twenty percent off for Texas cattle.

WORK CATTLE. 1st grade, from $70 to $100; 2nd grade, from $40 to $75.

MULES. 1st grade, per pair, from $200 to $250; 2nd grade, per pair, from $75 to $200; young mules, from $25 to $75; asses, from $20 to $250.

SHEEP. Fine wool bucks, from $7 to $13; common, from $1.50 to $5.

HOGS. From $2 to $25.

GOATS. From $1 to $3.

AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS. First class headers, harvesters, and threshing machines; 50 percent off from first cost; reapers, mowers, and wagons, 30 percent off from first cost; all other farming implements left to the judgment of the assessor.

Motion made and carried that all grain be assessed at its cash value at the bin and crib.

Motion made and carried that the papers in Winfield and Arkansas City be requested to print this basis gratuitously.

S. S. MOORE, Secretary.




A proposition has been made, and accepted by a steamboat man, for the bringing of the "General Wiles" from Little Rock, Arkansas, to this place.


The citizens of Butler and Cowley counties are invited to meet at Douglass, March 17, 1871, at 11 a.m., to consider a proposition to vote county bonds to a narrow gauge railroad.


STEAMBOAT. Mr. Graverock, an engineer of Kansas City, of some reputation, has accepted the proposition of the Boat Company of this place to bring the steamboat "Gen. Wiles," from Little Rock to this place, and says it is only a question of time when he will reach here. He owns one small boat that was built for, and is being used, on the Neosho river for carrying rock for bridge purposes, and intends to bring it up also.




FLOCKS of geese are flying north.

TOM CALLAHAN has taken up a stray mule.

The farmers are jubilant over the present prospects of a railroad.

SALE. B. F. Nesmite will sell horses, hogs, and corn on April 2nd.

A very large prairie fire extended for miles east of the Walnut Monday night.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Maurer, of Beaver township, February 20th, a son.

Some parties at Maple City have tried blue grass on the prairie, and find it grows well.

The sign "Bashaw Livery," has been painted over as it did not answer well for a millinery sign.

The butchers killed a hog the other day raised by Wm. Randall, that weighed 576 pounds, live weight.

A couple of our citizens visited Winfield last Saturday, and the brewery gave out, as a matter of consequence.

MR. AND MRS. HENRY PRUDEN arrived from Dayton, Ohio, last week, having enjoyed a very pleasant visit.

M. A. FELTON and MR. YORK attended the M. E. Conference at Wichita, with a view of being ordained ministers of the gospel.

The Followers of Christ church organization that began with three members in Bolton Township one year ago, now number 51 members.


Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

Total number of prescriptions filled at the "People's Drug Store," 6,419; number filled by Kellogg & Hoyt in fifteen months, 2,790; number filled in September, 1876, 677.

McGEE and MONROE, who were arrested a few weeks since at Elgin, were confined nine days in jail at Independence, and finally released for want of sufficient evidence.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. Purdy, on last Wednesday, a ten-pound boy; as fine a young fellow as the attending physician ever looked upon. Dr. Alexander was the attendant.

A NEW BOARDING HOUSE AND RESTAURANT is to be opened by H. Godehard this week, in the building opposite the City Bakery. Hermann will feed his patrons on the fat of the land.

The office owes its thanks to Hermann for a treat to oranges and apples. The oranges are the first of this spring's market, and are delicious, and the apples genuine Michigan fruit. Fifty cents will buy a dozen oranges.

At church Sunday evening the dogs took quite a prominent part, and for awhile it was a question which would be heard. The owners of the animals should consider the feelings of the congregation, and leave their canines at home.


A CHASE. Sunday evening of last week a man riding a jaded horse supposed to be stolen, stopped at the City Livery. After he had left the next morning, a Colt's improved revolver was missing. The constable and Ed. Finney went in pursuit, following up the Arkansas to Oxford, thence to Nenescah, where they learned their game had passed during the afternoon.

Near Winfield, at about 10 o'clock at night, they found the house he stopped at, and riding up to the door, shouted, "Hello." Presently the man of the house came to the door and inquired what they wanted. He was told, and requested to tell the stranger to come out. The stranger declined, asking the boys to "come in." The boys insisted that he should come out, and he finally did so, when they told him what had been found missing. He simply remarked, "You've barked up the wrong tree this time, gentlemen. It won't take two minutes to go through my baggage." They examined him and found nothing stolen, and soon came back, as they had no authority to detain him for the supposed stolen horse.


HORRIBLE DEATH BY FREEZING. On last Wednesday evening, George Tolles, a dwarf, aged 54 years, left Mr. Blendins, near Maple City, and started for his home on Grouse creek. As all will remember, a cold, windy hail storm began about 9 o'clock, during which Tolles was out, only a few miles from home. Not being a man of sound mind, he soon lost his way, and instead of going southwest, went southeast; then back almost to where he left the road, and southwest again. He then left the road and went southeast, until he reached the Territory, where he laid down and died. When he came back to the road a second time, he was within one mile an a half of Mr. Musselman's house. Not hearing anything of him, a party started in pursuit a day afterwards, and after following his tracks many miles, finally came to where he lay dead and stiff. Some animal had eaten a portion of his face, and his appearance was sad and horrible. The day following the neighbors carried him to a resting place, where his remains lay unmarked, except by the new made earth.


FIRE. On last Wednesday morning, while Dr. Alexander was smoking some meat in an apartment just back of his house, the flames caught fire to the floor and extended to his building, and had it not been for the timely discovery of one of the neighbors, would have burned the entire buildings. The doctor made a thanks offering by giving one-half of the meat to the poor, after he discovered his danger.


McGEE AT LIBERTY. On the 27th of February, McGee was arraigned before the court at Independence, Kansas, charged with illicit distilling, and making spirituous liquors without a license. There being no evidence against him, he was released. He then entered suit against the parties that arrested him for $1,000, for false imprisonment, and finally compromised by them paying him $200. F. M.


ALL WHO SERVED IN THE MEXICAN WAR, who reside in the Arkansas Valley, are requested to meet at Eagle Hall, in Wichita, on the afternoon of March 24th, for the purpose of creating and perfecting an organization of the old veterans, the object of which will be explained at the meeting. It is hoped that all who possibly can will attend.


SIMMS' HORSE, "Sleepy Jack," won the race with Jim Moreland's "Gray Cow," last Saturday, by seven feet. It was a close race, but the owners of the winning horse are ready to put up $1,000 on a 500 yard race with anyone that wants to run. The distance ran was 200 yards.


That herd of cows driven through town last Monday was won at the horse race near Caldwell, last Saturday. The pig in the wagon was also won, but as it was a pet, and the wife and children made such a fuss over it, we thought we wouldn't mention it.


LAND AGENTS. AMOS WALTON and RUDOLPH HOFFMASTER have entered into partnership for the sale of real estate. They are old residents and know every foot of land in Cowley and Sumner counties, and parties desiring to buy will be conveyed to all parts of the county free of charge. Legal documents executed at reasonable rates, and titles and abstracts carefully looked after. We can recommend them as perfectly responsible men.


NEW STORE. In another column appears the advertisement of A. W. Berkey, who has recently opened a large stock of goods at Salt City. We have examined his stock and find it to be one of the best, and would suggest that the people of Salt City and vicinity give them a liberal patronage, as they propose to sell as cheap as any house south of Wichita.



REVIVAL. Revs. Taylor, a Baptist, Broadbent, of the Christian Church, and McCue of the United Brethren have been holding a series of meetings for three weeks at the Theaker school house, with good success--fifteen having embraced the faith.


MILKS had his hand severely hurt by his team running away at Wichita. They took fright at the cars, and Milks intends to stay at home now until the cars come here, and then he will get them used to the engine.




Hon. L. J. Webb returned from his labors (which, by the way, have been much for this place) on the 8th, and will resume the practice of law.

The "Philomathic," a society organized among the enterprising portion of the community for literary purposes, meets every Friday evening. The programme for tonight consists of music by the string band, essays, and debate. The topic for discussion tonight is, "Resolved, That man is a creature of circumstances." In connection with the exercises, they answer all scientific and historical questions.

Our new church buildings are progressing finely, and will soon be completed. It is the wish of the community that Rev. Rushbridge should be returned to this charge, for which he has been laboring unceasingly.

Platter's and Williams' building will be pushed as rapidly as possible until completed. W. H. Maris is refitting his store building with a new front, when it will be occupied by T. E. Gilleland's boot and shoe store. The same gentleman will soon begin to build a stone store building, 25 x 100 feet, on the same block, opposite the Central Hotel. As soon as completed, it will be occupied by J. B. Lynn. Mr. Wm. Newton, from Arkansas City, has opened a harness shop in Mullen's old stand, where he keeps a full supply of goods in his line. A new store is being opened in Boyle's old stand by a firm from Council Grove.

The above are only a few of the improvements taking place in our little city.

The repeal of the bond law is discussed often and long, and yet some are not convinced it is for the best. "And still we have no railroad." ***

P.S. Since writing, or rather, while writing, the jubilee began, and the enthusiastic ones are making things lively by firing anvils, building bonfires, making speeches, etc.




Notice. Persons having cattle to herd would do well to drop Wm. Allen a note. He will herd them for 20 cents per month, and furnish salt. Herd ground 4 miles west of Arkansas City, on State line.


Cattle Herded. I have a range of 4 miles on the Arkansas River and Territory line, with timber and good water, and will herd cattle for 20 cents per month and colts at 25 cents, and be responsible for the stock. A good Durham bull with the herd. M. Chambers, 9 miles southeast of Arkansas City.






Will sell your lands. We keep a team constantly on hand to show lands, and have all the requisites of a first-class Real Estate Office. Call and see us, in the Benedict building, corner of Summit Street and Central Avenue, Arkansas City.





Its Perambulations in Cowley County.

Ever since the creation of the world, it has been the custom to tell ghost stories, and of the rattling of chains, etc. But our story is of a milder nature.

About two miles and a half northeast of Tisdale, in Cowley County, lives a family by the name of Mulford. They came from Iowa about two years ago. They are all consistent members of the Methodist church, and have never believed in spiritualism or in the many ghost stories so often told.

But about three weeks ago, after returning from evening service, Mrs. Mulford says she was unable to go to sleep, and, from some unknown reason, she had laid awake until the clock was just striking twelve, when the door opened softly, and by the light of the moon, she saw a most beautiful woman with dark eyes, pale face, dressed in a loose flowing robe, and her hair falling down over her shoulders in dark, rich folds. She says at first she was so surprised that she knew not what to do or say; but after a little reflection, she felt sure of the protection of Providence, and determined to speak to the object, let it be woman, devil, or ghost.

She spoke and asked the mission of the strange being. And the lady in black approached her, walking softly and majestically, and said about twenty-three years ago, my husband and I were returning from California, and we were pursued and captured by Indians, but we escaped and traveled night and day, leaving the regular trail, expecting to elude them, but were finally over-taken on a certain high point on the Mulford farm. She described it so minutely that Mrs. Mulford very readily recognized it.

The woman said that when they saw that they would be overtaken, they buried a pot of gold on the top of the hill, and placed a stone over the top of it. After saying this, she gently departed. And the next night at exactly the same time, she returned again as before, and the next, until she had appeared three nights in succession.

Mrs. Mulford was so strongly impressed of the truthfulness of the spirit that she wrote to a spiritual medium in Iowa, asking him if the lady in black would injure her in any way if they searched for the gold.

At last accounts, she had not received any answer. The circumstance has created quite an excitement in the neighborhood.

Cedarvale Blade.




Fence posts eight cents each.

A. K. JENKINS died of pneumonia last week, after lingering but a short time.

The trade in hides and furs at this place is much more extensive than people would believe.

The first hogshead of sugar ever at Arkansas City came in for Berry Brothers, last week.

BERRY BROTHERS give seven inches of smoke for five cents. Their long horn cigars measure over half a foot.

Mrs. Tyner, who is staying at Rudolph Hoffmaster's, drank some vitral by mistake, last week, and is now suffering from the effects of it.

One of Godfrey's horses fell from the little bridge near Newman's mill last week. The harness was cut and the animal dropped into the creek, and it made its way out.

DICK WILSON came in town again last week, looking up the grocery interests of this place. Dick is one of our old time commercial men.


Why would not a beef packing establishment be just the thing for this place? We believe it would be a good investment.


It would be. There is a pork packing establishment here that does very well.




Be easy, neighbors of the border. The Sioux are not coming to the Territory. You will be left free to fight grasshoppers and chintz bugs this year and have no big Indian scares. This, however, may be sad news, for it is a nice thing to be employed as militia men at public expense in the time of a western famine, and especially so when the Indians are known to be at home. Indian Herald.

Yes, those that Capt Tucker caught in Barbour county are "at home" in a warmer climate than ever Sunny Kansas.


Letters from the Pawnee scouts informs us that they have taken 15 Cheyenne and Sioux scalps, instead of two, as reported in the Herald last week. They have had several fights, but all have escaped without a scratch: this causes them to believe that God is "on their side" and aids them in battle. They are now at Sidney barracks and number one hundred. Herald.







From Salt City.

SALT CITY, March 15, 1877.

Editor Traveler:

DEAR SIR: Shortly after the 7th of November last, we started up the Arkansas river on the steamer Gen. Wiles for Washington, to look after the post office at your city. After traveling for several weeks, with prospects the brightest, on nearing an island opposite Big Bend, we saw an armed force, and supposed they were friends, but afterwards found them to be enemies, strongly fortified. They ordered us not to attempt to pass. We finally laid siege, and after several weeks of most bitter struggling, they sent out a flag of truce with the following: "You can't take an eight spot with a seven." They went back and opened out on us with all vengeance, and we soon finding ourselves overpowered by numbers, dropped back, and off to the left to the mouth of Salt water. In order to save ourselves, we ran up Salt water some distance, and on examination found the water was getting hot. Fearing some evil ahead, we dropped back and made for land, and on nearing land we were met by friends, who welcomed us among them, even offering us the post office of this city. Now that the struggle is over, we feel safe, happy, and contented. The country is lovely, with good lands and cheap homes for all that may wish to come among us. W. M. BERKEY.




If the people of Cowley county want a railroad, now is the time to secure it.


Leland J. Webb, of Winfield, will be appointed Register of Wichita Land Office in place of H. L. Taylor, present incumbent. W. V. Times.

While we have no objections to Mr. Taylor, we should be gratified to see Mr. Webb so well favored.


The survey of the Arkansas City and Independence State road, will begin at this place April 2nd. I. H. Bonsall is one of the commissioners. It is a road that has been long needed, and the people of the county can thank Bob Mitchell for its location.


A party of citizens from this place visited Winfield last Thursday, in company with Gov. Eskridge and J. K. Finley, to talk over railroad matters, and take steps to bring the matter before the people of the county. The proposition asked aid to the amount of $4,000 per mile, and agreed to complete the road in eighteen months from Kansas City to Arkansas City. No meeting was held, but a number of the people of Winfield were conversed with, who evinced a desire to let the matter alone until they could hear from an east and west project. The importance of bringing the matter at once before the people was urged, but not coincided with, so the gentlemen were compelled to leave without any definite understanding.



lated throughout the county asking that an election be called."








SALT CITY has a new doctor.

W. H. WALKER has returned.

BOWEN has rhubarb ten inches long.

MR. BILSON, of Elk Falls, is missing.

The narrow gauge is the farmer's railroad.

Planting garden seeds is now fashionable.

The prospect for a fine peach crop is good.

More people should engage in sheep husbandry.

Rev. Wingar entertained a full house last Sunday.

COL. McMULLEN returned from Emporia last week.

CORN COBS are selling at $1 per load at Independence.

SHERB HUNT will sell his household goods on the 31st.

FIVE CARPENTERS all busy finishing Newman's store room.

OSAGE ORANGE SEED $6.50 per bushel. Five pounds for $1.00.

AL MOWRY bought a fine large span of horses at Wichita last week.

S. P. CHANNELL has been appointed a Notary Public for Cowley county.

JOHN D. MILES, Indian Agent at the Cheyenne Agency, Indian Territory, is at Topeka.

A large fire was raging in Bolton township Monday night, but did no material damage.

DISTRICT COURT convenes on Monday, May 7tth. Wm. P. Campbell, Judge of District.

An immersion was made last Sunday at Nipp's ford, by the resident minister at Pleasant Valley township.

REV. SWARTS declined an appointment by the M. E. Conference, and will return to his farm for the next year.

Someone stole 40 bushels of wheat from Henry Mowry, last Thursday night. It was in his claim house, across the Arkansas.


The following are the appointments in this vicinity of M. E. ministers.

Wichita, J. Kirby.

El Paso, K. Jones.

Wellington, H. J. Walker.

Oxford, J. Stewart.

Belle Plaine, A. Cameron.

South Haven, E. A. Abbott.

Arkansas City, J. J. Wingar.

Winfield, Rev. Rushbridge.

Lazette, C. A. Stine.

Tisdale, S. S. Steele.

Dexter, To be supplied.


While Jas. Hanson, of Maple City, was temporarily absent from home last Wednesday, his house caught fire from the cook stove, and was burned to the ground. The bedding and furniture was mostly saved. The house was recently built of pine lumber, lathed and plastered, and they feel their loss most keenly. His neighbors are now contributing quite liberally to help him rebuild.



NO SCHOOL FUNDS. From R. C. Story, our efficient County Superintendent of Public Instruction, we learn that the apportionment of State Funds for Cowley county for this month is $2,685.75, or 73 cents per head for every child of school age reported in the county. Thirty-two districts made no report for the year ending July 31, 1876, and of course get no State fund.


LAST Friday night someone cut the halter of Frank Speers' horse, and stole his saddle. He evidently meant to take the horse. The day before a man was at the house, looking at the animal and inquiring of the dog would bite. As soon as grass comes, look out for horse thieves.


DROPPED SENSELESS. Last Friday while Frank Wintin was loading hay, he suddenly dropped senseless and did not speak intelligently for several days. Drs. Shepard and Kellogg were called, who pronounced the singular occurrence as being similar to spotted fever.


REV. WINGAR returned from the M. E. Conference at Wichita last week. His station will be at this place one year more. An effort was made to place him at Newton, but at the earnest request of the members at this place, he was permitted to return, and we are glad of it.


JUDGE McINTIRE, our Assessor, called last week with his blank statement of personal property. Every year the same blanks come to be filled, and every year the tax has to be paid. Death and taxes, candidates and hell, are four things we never can escape.


W. B. TRISSELL respectfully solicits the patrons of Rose Hill nursery to call at his delivering ground in Arkansas City on Thursday, March 22nd, and on Monday, March 26th, and get their nursery stock, as Mr. Bowen desires his lots for planting.


THE P. M. AT WINFIELD sports a plug hat, but his hair is growing gray. The anxiety of the late campaign tells on him. However, he gives satisfaction and has a sure lease for four long years. May he enjoy peace and prosperity.


A SUIT was held before Justice Hunt last week between Houghton & McLaughlin and Pittman, for an amount due on account. The first parties gained the suit. C. R. Mitchell was attorney for plaintiff, and E. B. Kager, for defendant.


The attendance at the Bell Ringers exhibition last Saturday night at the First Church was not very large, owing to the short notice that was given. The music of the bells was excellent.


BENEDICT & BRO. are repairing the building south of Gardner's new house for Mr. Wilson, the dry goods man of Leavenworth. They are also laying a brick sidewalk in front of it.


MR. HARVEY DWYER has sold his farm and is going to California. B. F. Nesmite will accompany him. W. S. Hunt, of this place, also expects to start in a few weeks.


A. A. DAVIS now has his house near Wintin's. It was built first in Sumner county, then placed on the sand hill near the Arkansas, and is now a town residence.


FIRE. MR. HOWARD, living east of town, lost 200 bushels of corn by fire on Friday last. The fire originated from some ashes that had been thrown out while still hot.


COL. J. C. McMULLEN, of Arkansas City, was in town this week. He reports a deep interest in the narrow gauge enterprise in Cowley county. Emporia News.


MAJOR SLEETH and T. H. McLAUGHLIN visited Elk county last week on matters pertaining to the narrow gauge railway from Kansas City.


CLOVER seed 20 cents per pound. $10 per bushel. Timothy ten cents per pound. Alfalfa 40 cents per pound. Blue grass $2.25 per bushel.


SALT CITY held a railroad meeting last week in the interests of the east and west railway. We are glad to notice them so wide awake.



BASE BALL soon. CROQUET will soon be resumed.

MRS. NEWMAN is visiting friends in Emporia.

CHARLES ROSEBERRY planted potatoes last week.

MR. MUMMERT will resume cheese making this summer on his farm at the spring cave.

A subscription was raised last week to get provisions for Jim Barr, who has been sick for two or three weeks, and was reported nearly destitute.


Real Estate agents have loomed up like mushrooms within the last two weeks. Mitchell & Channell, Walton & Hoffmaster, W. S. Hunt, J. L. Huey, and some others have expressed the determination to engage in the business. It is a branch of business that has been somewhat neglected heretofore, and we are glad to see the institution well represented.


Winfield Telegram: On Thursday night of last week Mr. Cleveland's house, three miles northwest of Wellington, caught fire and was burned, consuming all the furniture, relics, and clothing of the family.




The Committee from Winfield, who were delegated to look after an east and west road, returned last Saturday with no definite proposition whatever.


CITY ELECTION. On next Tuesday the election of officers for the government of Arkansas City, for one year, will be held. The main issue will be whether a retail liquor license shall be granted or not, and the contest will be close.


The petition to call an election on the proposition of the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Railway, has received the requisite signatures of two-fifths of the tax payers of Cowley county and will be presented to the Board of Commissioners at their meeting on April 9th, and a vote taken on the proposition.


The editor of the Telegram does not support the K. C. E. & S. railway proposition, as offered by the agents who recently visited this county to bring the matter before the people, and cites his reasons therefore, saying the narrow gauge would be his last choice. He favors an east and west project, stating that the Emporia scheme should be laid to rest for awhile.




Bids received March 26, 1877, for breaking 800 acres of prairie at Pawnee Agency, Indian Territory, to be completed by the 15th of June.

L. C. LONG SHORE, 800 ACRES AT $2.50.

A. W. PATTERSON, 200 ACRES AT $2.75.


BERRY BROS., 200 ACRES AT $2.74.

BERRY BROS., 200 ACRES AT $2.65.

BERRY BROS., 200 ACRES AT $2.50.


M. E. GARNER, 200 ACRES AT $2.50.


R. A. HOUGHTON, 200 ACRES AT $2.50.

T. R. HOUGHTON, 200 ACRES AT $2.50.


DAVID JAY, 150 ACRES AT $2.60.

W. D. SHOW, 100 ACRES AT $5.60.

J. REED, 150 ACRES AT $2.60.

Several others from Cowley County had previously offered to brake at $3.00 per acre.

Breaking to be done in a good and workmanlike manner, and as such accepted by the agent, who will present duly certified vouchers for payment to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.

The work was awarded to the lowest bidders, in the order of the bids, except the bid of Mr. LONG SHORE, who did not wish to contract for a part only.

Frank Ward, 200 acres.

M. E. Garner, 200 acres.

R. A. Houghton, 200 acres.

T. R. Houghton, 200 acres.




The scholars of District No. 33, two miles east of Parker's school house, will given an exhibition on Wednesday evening, March 28, 1877.

Participants: Risdon Gilstrap, Emma Gilstrap, Frank Lewis, Lizzie West, Anna Hyde, J. O. Wilkinson, Mary Shoemaker, Frankie Hyde, Erastus West, Fred Lewis.

The whole to be sandwiched with tableaux, charades, etc. The best of music has been engaged for the occasion, led by Prof. E. J. Hoyt, long known as the best musician in Kansas. A small fee of 20 cents will be charged to pay contingent expenses.




There are three saw mills on this reservation, but the demand for lumber is so much greater than the supply that half-breed Osages are building houses of lumber manufactured in the Cherokee nation. Indian Herald.




Kansas hogs are dying of cholera.

Heavy mortality among the Kaws.

The streets are covered with Indians.

Kaw Indians are building new houses.

The Kaw Agency sawmill is running again.

Osages on Cana are dying of pneumonia.

Indians look lean and say they are hungry.

Pawhuska has been full of visitors this week.

Kaws will plant more corn this year than ever before.

On the 12th inst., six Kaws had died during the month.

50 Kaw Indian children are now in school at their Agency.

Young Strike Axe is now the leading spirit among the Little Osages.

The artichoke is known as the "Indian potato" by the natives of this Territory.

A blanket Osage will give some white man a good pony for the building of a log cabin.

A Little Osage offers an average pony for the breaking of twelve acres of corn ground.

Mrs. Pat Rodgers, of the Osages, is crazy and the nation has neither a hospital or an asylum.

Osage women plant corn before breakfast to prevent insects from destroying the young plant.

Kaw Indians want to purchase farm implements with their money instead of expending it for white labor.

Uriah Spray has tendered his resignation as Superintendent of Kaw Agency on account of poor health.

Augusta Captain discovered a white wolf the other day large enough to kill a mule or "pack a man."

The half breed band is constantly increasing in numbers. The little fellows come onto this reservation two at a time.

Gesso Choteau was in today, and from his chat a stranger might think he knew of an inexhaustible mine of goldCin the Territory.

Leading Kaws propose to quite the dress and habits of Indians and follow in the wake of whites, if the Government will help them into new houses.

Osage squaw patches are made in the brush on water courses, and if a tree in the patch is struck by lightning before the corn is harvested, the whole crop is abandoned.

Two Pawnee Indians, "Medicine Men," were recently employed to treat a case of enlarged spleen in an Osage, but he died. The Osages think they busted his gizzard.

The Osages say that the artichoke grows in this Territory and at this season constitutes the principal part of their living, especially among those who live in the valley of Cana River.




PAWNEES in town.


FISHING parties are in vogue now.

BONE's boy's name on Grouse creek is Napoleon Ponepart.

PASSMORE's calf that the dog bit has gone mad, and died.

MR. WM. COOMBS lost a fine large mare on the road to Wichita last week.

JAMES BARE is lying very low with consumption, and not expected to live.

WILL ALEXANDER returned last week, having abandoned his Black Hills expedition.

The editor contemplates a visit to Pawnee Agency before many weeks, to look after male matter.

W. T. YORK began his first school, at Pleasant Grove school house, on Grouse creek, March 19th.

REV. THOMPSON's house on a claim east of the Walnut was burned by the prairie fire Monday night.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. Bone, on February 28th, a daughter, weight ten pounds. Grouse creek still ahead.

A new house is being erected east of E. D. Eddy's, and the stone for the foundation of one, northeast of the school house.

A crystal wedding was held at Mr. L. McLaughlin's, last Monday evening, at which many of our prominent citizens attended.

A child of Nathaniel Arnett swallowed a pin last Saturday, and regardless of its perilous situation, it is apparently as happy as a lark.

This week closes the time for catching fish with a seine or net in the rivers of Kansas. April, May, and June are the months it is prohibited.

A prairie fire on Grouse creek last Thursday burned 200 bushels of corn belonging to Mr. Cattrell, besides doing considerable other damage.

MR. MUSSLEMAN has a cat nursing two young squirrels. He caught the squirrels and put them with the cat, after taking two of her kittens away from her.


BITTEN BY A MAD DOG. Two little boys, aged six and twelve years, the children of Wm. Morgan, of Otto, Kansas, were bitten by their own dog and not until after it was known that he had bitten chickens, hogs, dogs, cattle, and even horses, did it occur to Mr. Morgan and his family that the dog was rabid, actually suffering, hydrophobia.

The gravity of the case shocked and made the family and neighbors heartsick, and for the time they wished that they had never seen a dog, but we are informed by J. W. Blair, a brother-in-law of Mr. Morgan's, that all the stock bitten are still alive and being cared for as though they had never been bitten. Unless the people of Southern Kansas are in possession of an antidote for hydrophobia, unknown to the United States Pharmacopeia, and which is infallible in its effects, we do not see why cause for great mortality is so improperly attended to in a supposed to be wide-awake community.


RUNAWAY. Last Sunday as Mr. McMasters, of Winfield, was riding with Miss Pittman, near Wyard Gooch's farm, east of the Walnut, one rein of the harness broke and the teams ran away, throwing both parties from the buggy, breaking the arm of the gentleman and dislocating the shoulders of the lady.


AGENT BURGESS, of the Pawnee Agency, was in town this week. Mr. Burgess has a host of friends at this place, as well as along the entire border. He has sent in his resignation to the Department, as agent of the Pawnee Indians, but it was not accepted. We should be sorry to have him leave the Pawnees.


The city schools closed last Friday for a week's vacation. The attendance during the term was good, notwithstanding the prevalence of sickness. Miss Lizzie Ela will take charge of the Intermediate department for the summer term.


FRANK LORRY has just purchased 225 four-year-old trees from Mr. Trissell. He wants a fruit and grain farm, now that he will be able to get them to market on the railroad.


REV. SWARTS and family returned from Hutchinson last week, after an absence of about one year. They have many friends who are glad to welcome them back.




BOLTON, March 22, 1877.

Revs. Kerr, McCuean, Taylor, and McCue, assisted by Revs. Broadbent and Herbert, have been holding a protracted meeting in the Theaker school house during the last four weeks. There were over twenty converts.

Grasshoppers have not made their appearance on the prairie yet, but are daily looked for and expected, although we do not expect a very great number owing to the last cold spell.

We understand that Frank Lorry is canvassing the northern part of the county with a petition asking the County Commissioners to call a railroad election, to give us an opportunity to vote against the narrow gauge road from Emporia to the south line of the State.

Mr. McGuire had a well built on his farm one day last week. Mr. Will Thompson was contractor and builder. Mr. James Sample is going to have one built by the same party.

Mat Gainey started to Chautauqua county. "Wonder if he will fetch her back?"

Mr. and Mrs. DeMott have just returned from visiting a brother of Mr. DeMott in the northern part of the State. They were gone about three weeks, had a pleasant visit, and Mr. DeMott's health is improved some.

Mr. Ed. Burnett succeeded in conquering the Black Hills fever and has resolved to try what virtue there is in a claim. Ed and family moved west to Sumner county about two weeks ago.

Many of our farmers are contemplating breaking prairie this season. They are not discouraged yet, nor will they be so long as the prospects for a railroad are as flattering as they are with us at present.

Master Fred Houser reports the prairie covered with flowers and the grass from two to six inches long in the Nation, 72 miles south of Arkansas City.

Mr. Winslow has rented and moved on Mr. Major's farm in West Bolton. Mr. Sample formerly occupied the farm. He moved to Prof. Wilkinson's farm.

The prospects for a good wheat crop were never more flattering, should the hoppers stay away. The peach crop is all right as yet. We expect a heavy yield this year.

No marriages, births, or deaths in our township of late.

C. C. H.





A daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs. Sanford Day on the 13th inst., and to Mr. and Mrs. Graham on the 9th.

Our wheat prospect is not as good as could be expected in this neighborhood. Farming is going on in good earnest. We will have any quantity of peaches this year.

A number of newcomers have taken claims and made their residences among usw. Mr. A. T. Hackett is our school teachers, and has given satisfaction. School closes in one week.





100 Bushels of Corn for sale by F. M. Vaughn, 3 miles east of town.


Choice dried fruit, California dried Pears, California dried Nectarines, California dried Peaches, California alden dried apples at H. Godehard.


All unsettled accounts of R. A. Houghton & Co., not settled by April 20th will be placed in the hands of the Justice of the Peace for collection. We mean business and must have money.


Horse Bills. We have a horse and jack cut and are prepared to execute horse bills in a workmanlike manner, and on reasonable terms.


AUCTION. I will sell at my residence in Arkansas City, at 10 o'clock a.m., on Saturday, March 31st, 1877, my household effects, consisting of furniture, stoves, dishes, etc.



A GOOD TEAM, harness and wagon, for sale for cash, on time, on first mortgage security. R. A. HOUGHTON.


45 acres of good corn ground for rent on liberal terms.



LAND FOR SALE OR RENT. The undersigned has five quarter sections of land at his disposal which he will sell or rent on favorable terms. Three of the above tracts have houses on them. For further particulars, apply to Rev. David Thompson, of this city.




THE CENTRAL AVENUE has a parrot. It can say almost


A great many red birds are found in the timber near this place.

A Creek Indian lives in a $8,000 house and has 2,000 head of cattle.

The new head of the Indian Herald does not improve it. It looks too much like a Sunday School paper.

A new mail route is to be established from Eureka, by Grouse creek, Lazette, Dexter, and Cabin Valley to Arkansas City.

The Osages were in town last week, again, and arrangements were made with them to give a war dance at this place next 4th of July.

The young man who murdered the old stock man on Turkey creek, Indian Territory, last fall, has been found. An account of the murder was published in the TRAVELER.


AL MOWRY lost one of his fine gray mares last Wednesday, within twelve hours from the time he arrived with them. The animal was cut open and a hole found in its bowels, eaten by botts.


We are sorry to learn that Ed. Finney is soon to return to Osage Agency, to take his former place in Florer & Rankin's store. His older brother will take his place in the Livery here. Ed. has a host of acquaintances and warm friends at this place, as he deserves to have.


JACK BEAL has returned from Arkansas, where he went to buy mules. Jacob is one of those old fashioned, hardy, good natured mountaineers that we are always glad to meet; as genial as the noonday sun. Once a friend, always a friend, slow to wrath but quick to resent an injury.





W. B. Trissell, agent of Rose Hill Nursery, Chetopa, Kansas, has a sample of the most thrifty and best assortment of Nursery Stock, Ornamental Trees, Hedge, etc., that we have ever seen in Southern Kansas or elsewhere. Their sales of last spring have given entire satisfaction. They have established a


On the farm of S. E. Maxwell, and will continue to deal out justice to the patrons of ROSE HILL NURSERY.

Time until Oct. 1, 1877, will be given to good parties. Call and examine their prices and stock. Satisfaction guaranteed. The agent can be found at the City Hotel, in Winfield, or Central Avenue Hotel, Arkansas City.











[As many of our readers remember Rev. Hinman, who accompanied the Sioux to this place and delivered a sermon not long since, we publish the following account of his labors among Indians taken from the Indian Herald published at Osage Agency, Indian Territory.]

Rev. S. D. Hinman.

In a glance at the daily papers, we see "The Treacherous Redskins" in bold capitals, and if these partisan sheets afforded us our only means of obtaining a knowledge of Indians, we should feel more excusable in believing them to be untrustworthy, but while the Iape Oaye, Indian Herald, and similar publications are contained as disseminators of truth among impartial thinkers, "The Treacherous Red Skins," as such, will never be known to any save the treacherous and untrustworthy whites; and while such hearts beat as the one which throbs in the bosom of the man whose name heads this article, there can always be shown a better side, than is represented by political tricksters.

More than twenty years ago the Rev. Mr. Hinman went, alone and unprotected by any save He who touches with a finger of love, tenders and softens the hardest hearts, to the lodges of the Indians on the Minnesota River, where he commenced camp life as one of their own number, and when they were satisfied of his good intentions, he commenced the work of instruction the children and their mothers, and through them he reached the wild and war-like fathers.

In the Indian war of 1861, Mr. Hinman was warned of impending danger by his Indian friends in time to take them to a military post for protection, and after the storm was over, they were removed to Dakota Territory where many of them died of starvation during the first winter. Here they built a chapel and also established three stations or outposts. The work of civilizing and christianizing Sioux Indians had a small beginning, but it has been blessed and continuous to advance.

Four Indian clergymen, two of whom are full blood Sioux, are now engaged on the proof sheets of a bible and common prayer book which are being printed in their own language. They now have several publications of their own and among which is the "Gospel among the Dakotas" which we think would interest any of our readers. Nine of the tribe became ministers and preach the gospel to their own people and in their own language, often at the risk of their lives.

One of these pioneers of the gospel was waylaid and killed by a brother in ambush, and another froze to death. Meetings for religious worship are attended by Indians from every quarter of the reservation; they have a full blood organist and a full blood choir.




A committee composed of Wm. Allison, Cliff. Wood, Frank Williams, Rev. Platter, E. C. Manning, and Dr. Mansfield from Winfield visited this place Tuesday, March 27, for the purpose of combining an east and west railroad proposition with the Walnut Valley project. A meeting was held in Pearson's Hall in the afternoon, and a committee of seven elected to meet and confer with them, composed of Amos Walton, James Benedict, Frank Lorry, S. P. Channell, C. R. Mitchell, J. C. McMullen, and C. M. Scott.

The committee from this place agreed to unite the two propositions if they could be voted on at the same time on the same ballot, and if it was not legal to vote for both on the same ballot, then they wanted the Winfield people to vote for the Walnut Valley project first, and our people would give them every reasonable assurance and pledges that they would support the proposition offered, or any definite project from the east.

No positive agreement could be made and the matter was adjourned.


Railroad Meeting.

A meeting was held at Pearson's Hall on Tuesday, March 27th, to consult with a delegation from Winfield on railroad matters. S. P. Channell was elected chairman and I. H. Bonsall, secretary.

Rev. Platter requested Col. Manning to address the meeting, and explain a proposition he had with him for an east and west road; also to inform our citizens of the actions of meetings held at Winfield on railroad matters. He said that Winfield wished to avoid a clash, if possible, and to come to some understanding with this part of the county in regard to railroads. Mr. Millington and himself were sent by the people of Winfield to the eastern part of the State, to see what the prospects were for an east and west line. They went to Fredonia first, and found things too uncertain there to make it worth while to wait on the uncertainty; from thence to Parsons, where they found the people holding a conference with Eastern contractors; from there they proceeded to Oswego, and found the situation such as to give no hope of help from that quarter. They then returned to Parsons, and had a full conference with the Parsons men, and found as good prospects for a road from that point as from Emporia.

Col. Manning admitted that a proposition he read for the Parsons road had not been accepted by the railroad company, but that he would make the company accept it.

They returned by the Parsons route proposed, and in their estimation found a good route. The franchise is being worked up as far as the east line of Elk county.

In Elk county the petition had been signed by a sufficient number, but they preferred to change the proposition from township bonds to county bonds, as the recent change in the railroad law made it possible to carry county bonds.

Winfield feels that an election for railroad bonds at this time would be premature, and prefers to wait until the other counties have voted and secured a line to Cowley county.

Rev. Platter thought Col. Manning had given a true version of the case as it now stood, and said that Mr. Hamilton, a civil engineer, wanted Winfield to call an election for the Parsons road. He believed that the present proposition of the Emporia road was such as would not be sustained at all, there being clauses which, in his estimation, could not be changed to suit at all.

He said Winfield wanted an east and west proposition submitted at the same time that the north and south proposition was submitted, and that if Arkansas City wanted a north and south road, she must consent to an east and west road to secure the support of Winfield.

C. M. Scott moved to appoint a committee of seven to confer with the Winfield delegation, and see if a compromise could not be agreed upon. After considerable discussion, the motion was seconded, and the following committee appointed: Frank Lorry, of Bolton, Amos Walton, C. R. Mitchell, S. P. Channell, James Benedict, C. M. Scott, and Col. McMullen.

On motion meeting adjourned, to give the committees time to confer.

S. P. CHANNELL, Chairman.

I. H. BONSALL, Secretary.





An Exciting Day in Cedar Vale.

On Thursday, the 22nd inst., about half past nine a.m., the cry of fire! fire! rang out shrill and clear upon the morning air.

A large crowd soon gathered at the scene, and they found a barn and haystacks belonging to Mr. Davis all ablaze. The barn was situated between his dwelling and store, and the first efforts were to put out the fire. But they found it impossible, and then turned their attention to protecting the store, and a large corn crib which was contiguous.

By strong and effective work on behalf of the citizens, the fire was kept away from the store. The corn crib, containing several hundred bushels of corn, twice caught fire, but was each time put out. The loss is estimated at from $500 to $800.

The fire is supposed to have originated from sparks flying from the flue of his dwelling. It was a very windy day--blowing a perfect gale, and sparks were seen dropping near the barn. There were numerous people from the country who assisted in putting out the fire. Otherwise, the whole town would, doubtless, have been laid in ruins.

After the fire was entirely subdued, the cry of fire again startled the citizens. This time the fire originated in the building known as the Titus house, occupied by Mr. Cox and the editor's family. This fire also was caused by a defective flue. Citizens again answered the call and this fire was soon extinguished, doing but very little damage. Blade.




White people must get off of this reservation.

The atmosphere was laden with the fragrance of the dead--dogs.

David Finney will quit the Osages and try his hand in Arkansas City.

Governor Florer is studying botany. He has the largest garden of our knowledge.




ELMS are in bloom.

JOE DISSER has a jour.

PEACH trees are in bloom.

BEES are gathering pollen.

NEW AWNING in front of Hartsock's.

NEWMAN wants all the wheat he can buy.

KICKAPOOS are coming in from the hunt.

OSAGES say the eagle is not the king of birds.

We must have more dwelling houses in town.

MR. SAMUEL HOYT left this morning for Canada.

JOHN SMALLEY has returned to the land of promise.

OSAGES think the sun sets in a hole in the ground.

THOS. E. BERRY purchased A. O. Porter's house yesterday.

MISS MATTIE MITCHELL has recovered sufficiently to sit up in bed.

JAMES I. MITCHELL sold seventeen set of harness to the Osages this week.

BERRY BROS. sold over $200 worth of groceries to the Pawnees last week.

ESQUIRE COBURN and Samuel Jay leave for Colorado next week, by wagon.

CAPT. NORTH, of Emporia, made his regular visit to this place last week.

HENRY PRUDEN, the enterprising farmer of Salt City, has forty acres of corn planted.

A printer by the name of Norton called this week. He was on his spring's wandering tour.

MR. FINLEY, who bought a part of the Wilson farm north of town, last fall, will be here this week.

The survey of the Arkansas City and Independence State road began at this place late today.

The fire last week in South Bend destroyed full grown hedges, several stables, and a quantity of corn.

H. P. STANDLEY made a trip to Wichita this week to "prove up" on his 80 acre claim, near Grouse creek.

SHERB HUNT's house came very near being destroyed by fire last Friday. It caught from the stove pipe.



Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

CITY ELECTION. The election of city officers took place last Monday, quietly and peaceably, with the following result.

Mayor: Dr. Kellogg.

Police Judge: Jas. Christian.

Councilmen: James Benedict, H. P. Farrar, James I. Mitchell, H. Godehard, I. H. Bonsall.

There was another ticket in the field, composed of Wm. Sleeth for Mayor, Judge Christian for Police Judge, and A. A. Newman, O. P. Houghton, E. D. Eddy, J. A. Loomis, and J. T. Shepard, for Councilmen; but as one was composed of, or was generally understood to be "license" men, the issue was made "license" and "anti-license," and the vote stood 70 for the former and 41 for the latter. Both tickets were composed of the best men of the community.




MARRIED. At the residence of the bride's father, on Wednesday, March 28th, by Rev. S. B. Fleming, MR. WILLIAM N. WRIGHT and MISS XINA COWLES, both of this county.


MR. ABNER LEMERT, OF CEDARVALE, AND I. H. BONSALL, OF ARKANSAS CITY, appointed Road Commissioners to locate State Road from Arkansas City, in Cowley county, to Independence, Montgomery county, met at Arkansas City, Monday, April 2nd, and elected J. S. Cotton to fill the vacancy occasioned by I. H. Pugh's absence. After being sworn in, Mr. Lemert was elected Chairman and I. H. Bonsall, secretary.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 3, 1877.

NEW ARRIVALS. On the night of the 29th of March, at the residences of two of our citizens, Judge Christian and J. M. Holloway, each of said families have two additional mouths to provide for. The youngsters are all pert and lively. With this kind of immigration, Cowley will soon take rank with the most populous counties in the State.


CORN is worth more at this place than at Wichita. Here it is held at 30 cents, and at Wichita it is but 26; and the farmers ask 30 cents for corn in the crib in this vicinity. Very little wheat is being hauled to Wichita, and buyers say it is the dullest time they have had for a long time.


MR. TRISSELL, the invincible tree agent, has closed out about all of his trees, hedge, small fruit, etc., at this city. Parties that ordered stock increased their orders from one-third to one-half, claiming the stock to be better than represented. Such a gentleman is worthy of patronage.


We notice by the Indian Herald that our friend, James G. Chatham, of the Kansas City Times, had his leg broken while on his way to the Osage Agency. We are sorry for Jim, but then he is fearful tough and can stand it.


PONY SALE. Thirty head of ponies were sold at Cheyenne Agency last Saturday, being the property of Richard Wanamaker, who was murdered by Dick Simpson near Cheyenne Agency on

November 24th, 1876.


DIED. Of consumption, on Saturday, March 31st, after many weeks of painful suffering, James Barr, aged 25 years. He leaves a wife and three children. The burial ceremony was performed on last Sunday.


In the race for Mayor last Monday, H. D. Kellogg received 72 votes, Major Sleeth 40, and Rev. Thompson 1.

For Police Judge, James Christian received 112 votes, and Rev. David Thompson 1.

For Councilmen, Jas. Benedict received 72, E. P. Farrar 72, Jas. I. Mitchell 72, H. Godehard 71, I. H. Bonsall 71, A. A. Newman 40, O. P. Houghton 40, E. D. Eddy 40, J. A. Loomis 40, Dr. J. T. Shepard 40, Rev. Wingar 1, Rev. Swarts 1, Rev. Will York 1, L. C. Norton 1, J. C. Topliff 3, Sherb Hunt 1.


The employees on the Arkansas City and Independence State road are John Myrtle, surveyor; J. C. Evans and Marshal Evans, chainmen; P. Lorry, flagman, W. J. Gray, marksman; Chas. Balcom, cook; Jas. Jordon and a man from Cedar Vale, teamsters, and the three Commissioners, I. H. Bonsall, J. S. Cotton, of Montgomery county, and A. Lemert of Chautauqua county.


BADLY BURNED. MR. COLLINS, living near Flat Station, set fire to the grass Monday evening, while his two little children were close by, and the flames caught the clothes of his little girl, and before they could be subdued, burned her so badly that it is doubtful if she will recover, and even is she should, it is thought her arm would have to be amputated.


WINFIELD CITY OFFICERS. The election of city officers at Winfield last Monday resulted in the following vote: For Mayor R. L. Walker, 119, Dr. Davis, 82. Police Judge--J. W. Curns, 197. Councilmen--Wilson, 201; Jachon, 195; Baird, 197; S. C. Smith 122; Cliff Wood, 106; Charles Black, 88; S. H. Myton, 89. The first five were elected.


A PROPOSITION to include the road from town to the Arkansas river bridge, into this road district, has been suggested by Judge McIntire and meets with general favor. By that means the road tax of this district could be used to good advantage in making it a passable road. Heretofore all the road tax has not been expended.


A meeting of the board of Creswell and Bolton Townships will be held at the bridge Friday morning at ten o'clock to examine the Arkansas river bridge and decide upon repairing it.


AGENT BEEDE, wife and daughter were here yesterday. Also, Mr. Hopkins, of Osage Agency. It is a pleasure to see such representatives of the peace commissioners as Mr. Beede.


CHARLES McINTIRE, who has been in Arkansas for several months, returned last week. Will Leonard, who went with him, remained there. Charley don't go much on that region.


MR. CRIM left for Colorado yesterday. Nesmite, Dwyer, Sherb. Hunt, John Grimes, and A. O. Porter start for California and Oregon soon, and Austin Bailey has left for Emporia.


RUNAWAY. A team belonging to Mr. Stansburry, ran with a wagon a distance of six miles yesterday. They started up the Arkansas and ran into town before they were stopped.


WAGA-res-sa-gab-ha, (Ed. Finney), is visiting Osage Agency this week. The above is his Indian name, and means "make write," or the man that writes.


BUB. WILSON killed a rattlesnake with seventeen rattles and a button on its tail. A. O. Hoyt purchased it and sent it with his father to Canada.


MISS MINNIE HOUGHTON returned to her home in Weld, Maine, last Monday, in company with T. H. McLaughlin.


JUDGE CHRISTIAN's twins are doing finely. The little fellows are as pert as crickets, and as playful as kittens.


BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. McCormick a nine pound girl, Tuesday evening. Dr. Holland, general superintendent.


DIED. On the 28th inst., Albert G., son of Mr. and Mrs. Lafayette Goodrich. Age 3 years and 8 months.




1,000 LADIES WANTED. To examine my New and Elegant Stock of Millinery. Ladies' Furnishing and Fancy Goods. Prices to suit all. Goods as cheap as the cheapest. Berlin Patterns of every style. Room corner Central Avenue and Summit Streets, Arkansas City. MRS. D. B. HARTSOCK.


NOTICE. I will be absent some two or three weeks on business. All work due can be had by calling at the house.



FOUND at the church Wednesday evening, a lady's



100 Bushels of corn for sale by F. M. Vaughn, 3 miles east of town.




Retail Market.

Prints, 8-1/4 cents

Flour, $3.50 @ $4.00

Bacon, 16 cents

Lard, 12 cents

Butter, 18 @ 20 cents

Eggs, 8 cents

Molasses, 60 @ $1.25

Sugar from, 6 to 8 lbs. for $1

Dried Apples, 10 @ 12 cents

Peaches, 15 cents

Currants, 12-1/2 cents

Prunes, 10 cents

Blackberries, 15 cents

Salt, $1.75 @ $2.00 cwt.

Rope, 15 cents

Potatoes, $1.00 bu.

Tea from, 40 @ $1.25

Coffee from, 25 to 40 cents

Coal Oil, 50 cents

Flooring from, $2.50 @ $4.00

Common Boards, $3.50

Siding, $2.70

Lathes, per 1,000, $5.50

Native Lumber, $2.15 @ $2.50

Pine Shingles, $4.00


Skunk and pole cat, 10 to 25 cents

Kitten, 25 cents

Opossum, 60 cents

Coon, 25 to 50 cents

Wild cat, 20 cents

Badger, 10 to 20 cents

Mink, 60 cents

Wolf, 40 to 75 cents

Beaver, 75 cents to $1.25 per lb.




NOTICE. Notice is hereby given that the Board of Creswell Township will issue to the Missouri Valley Bridge Co. on the 1st day of May, A. D. 1877, bonds to the amount of two thousand dollars ($2,000), for the purpose of building a bridge over the Walnut river near Newman's mill.

Signed, T. McINTIRE, Trustee,

WYARD E. GOOCH, Treasurer,

W. D. MOWRY, Clerk.




SALT CITY, March 30, 1877.

A mining party leaves here next week for the San Juan mines. Among the number are J. J. Letts, Dr. Covell, Jno. Reynolds, Will and Hugh Walker.

While Dr. Covell was out hunting geese, his gun bursted, and a piece of the barrel struck him in the face. He id dowing well.

An entertainment was given by the Salt City Literary Society last Thursday evening. It was a grand success.

A great many grasshoppers were hatched out previous to the last rain storm; from appearances most of them were destroyed.

Born to Mr. and Mrs. O. J. Palmer, on the 18th inst., a boy, weight 10-1/2 pounds, all doing well.




Trees are leafing out; Geese are flying north.

Prairie fires can be seen every night.

The Kaw Indians are dying at a fearful rate.

While some of the leaders of Winfield oppose the present offer of a railroad, all the mechanics and laboring men know it will be for their interests, and will vote for it.

A shower of rain fell last Wednesday night, during which thunder and lightning prevailed, and the chimney of Thos. Baker's restaurant was struck, cracking the chimney, but doing no serious damage.

A tenant house belonging to Rev. D. Thompson, near the Parker school house, with forty bushels of corn belonging to his tenant, W. H. Sims, was burned on the night of the 26th, through the recklessness of some persons who set fire to the grass near said dwelling.


The following teachers received certificates at the examination at Winfield, Friday and Saturday, March 23rd and 24th.

Misses Emma Burden, Sallie Levering, Sarah E. Davis, Jennie Hanse, Ida Roberts, Arvilla Elliott, Mary Tucker, Effie Randall, Mary Lynn Emma Saint, Dora Winslow.

Mrs. M. S. Tucker, Mr. S. J. Hospell, Mrs. A. R. Houser, Mrs. Adelia Baird.

Sixteen received certificates. Whole number of applicants thirty-seven. The first three received first grades. Many who failed have been teaching in the county two and three years.


WINFIELD CITY OFFICERS. Mayor, D. A. Millington.

Police Judge, J. W. Curns.

Members of the Council: M. G. Troup, C. A. Bliss, H. Brotherton, T. B. Myers.

Clerk, B. F. Baldwin.

City Attorney, J. E. Allen.

Marshal, Walter Dening.

Examining Surgeon U. S. Pensioners: W. Q. Mansfield.


Trustee, J. S. Hunt.

Treasurer, B. F. Baldwin.

Clerk, E. S. Bedillion.

Justices of the Peace: Wm. M. Boyer; J. W. Carns.

Constables: Ed. Evans; Burt Covert.




The County to be Deprived of a Railroad

On Account of Local Jealousies.

The following letter from the representatives of the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Railway, to the committee who were sent from this place to overtake and confer with them, explains itself, and it is plain to all under the present disposition of some parties who claim to represent communities, if their course of action it is not changed, the county will be deprived of a railroad.

HOWARD CITY, KAS., March 17th, 1877.

Messrs. W. M. Sleeth and T. H. McLaughlin:

GENTLEMEN: As representatives of the company proposing to construct the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern R. R., we thought it unadvisable to submit the matter to the further consideration of the people of your county, owing to divisions arising from local jealousies. In this view we may be mistaken. As you desire, however, to have an expression of your county, we will say that if you act promptly and favorably upon the proposition, the company will build the road.




At a railroad meeting, called at Winfield on the 14th inst., to take in consideration a proposition from the representatives from the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern railroad company to extend their contemplated line of narrow gauge road down the Walnut Valley, in consideration of certain aid to be furnished by the county, the proposition was, by vote, rejected, thus giving the company to understand that the people of Winfield are no narrow gauge men, especially when that gauge it is not exclusively in the interest of that city. Oxford Independent.





STANDARD GAUGE (4 FEET 8-1/2 INCHES)...Iron laid on standard gauge roads it is usually 56 pounds or 60 pounds to the yard; the cost laid down in Kansas would be about $48 per ton, or from $4,224 to $4,524 per mile.

NARROW GAUGE (3 FEET)...Iron laid on narrow gauge roads weighs 30 pounds to the yard; the cost laid down in Kansas would be about _________ [not given in this article.]



Standard $1,500

Narrow $900


Standard $1,350

Narrow $900


Standard $300

Narrow $200


Standard $250

Narrow $140


Standard $75

Narrow $50

Ties, 2,640 to the mile:

Standard $870

Narrow $580

Iron, 56 pounds to the yard:

Standard $4,824

Narrow $2,356

Bridging and Culverts:

Standard $550

Narrow $300

Right-of-way, assuming that a large portion would be donated:

Standard $275

Narrow $200

Station houses, water stations, etc.:

Standard $400

Narrow $300


Standard $300

Narrow $150


Standard $400

Narrow $400

Track laying and surfacing:

Standard $500

Narrow $225

Standard Gauge. Cost of road per mile: $9,944

Narrow Gauge. Cost of road per mile: $5,951

Rolling stock for a moderate equipment:

Standard $4,800

Narrow $3,500

Cost of road and equipment per mile.

Standard $14,444

Narrow $ 8,451

[Facts obtained from the Chicago InterOcean.]


Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

Fight Between the Comanches and White Hunters.

From a gentleman who has just returned from Fort Sill, we learn that a fight took place between eight hunters and a band of 250 Quahada Comanche renegade Indians known as Mauwa's band, who have been absent from the Agency some time, in the Pan Handle of Texas, about 200 miles west of the Kiowa and Comanche Agency, not far from Double Mountain. The whites had lost some ponies and followed the trail until they came upon them in a ravine, when one man held the horses while the seven went to fight. Finding more Indians than they expected, the man left had to tie the horses, in order to help. The Indians seeing the horses tied ran upon them and stampeded them. The hunters finally had to beat a retreat, following a creek all day, in order to keep out of sight. The Indians, thinking that there were a number of whites, did not push them, so that by several days hard travel they reached a trading post and were safe. In the fight "Spotted Jack," a half-breed darkey, was wounded in the left thigh. D. Cairns, who came up the road with a load of buffalo meat, last week, had been with Marshall Sewell, of Missouri, who had been killed a few days before the fight took place. There are about 500 buffalo hunters in the Pan Handle, and a company of 100 men was organized and started in pursuit of the band that murdered Sewell, from Charley Rath's ranche. Also a company of soldiers from Fort Griffin, Texas, and two from Fort Sill, Indian Territory, and two from Fort Elliot, Texas.

The above report comes direct from Mr. N. A. Haight, and we believe will be substantiated.





Nail Down the Hatchways!

Prepare for Action.

This is the language of the heading of an unfair article in the Courier of March 29. If it means anything, it means a deadly, bitter fight; and it would be well if all the fair and impartial citizens of Cowley county would honestly consider what this man, who thus pretends to represent the city and citizens of Winfield and the people of Cowley county, is determined to fight in such a bitter way. Surely the city of Winfield must be in great danger to thus have to prepare her decks for action. What is it? you ask. Well it is simply this: Certain gentlemen of known wealth and reputation, having secured the confidence and franchises of Lyon county, proposed to build a road of three feet gauge to and through the city of Winfield. The Courier man has said himself that the men who are backing the road are able to build it.

Then flows an enumeration of Winfield objections to the proposition of the company, which is characterized as an arbitrary provision. Now will the people of Cowley county go back on the record a few years and test the sincerity of the citizens of Winfield, and of the writer of the article, "Clear the Decks." He and they not only advocated such a proposition before, but he, the aforesaid writer, was very anxious to have the escrow part fulfilled. He hankered more after crow a year or two ago than he does now. Then it was perfectly proper and safe; now it is dangerous. Now, again, go back on the record a little over a year ago, when the writer of "Clear the Decks," was anxious to form a local company and build a narrow gauge road from Emporia. If this gentleman and one or two others who were intimately connected with him will refresh their memories, they will find that they stated over and over again that $150,000 was not enough for building through the county.

You see it makes some difference who is to handle the bonds as to how much the county ought to giveCaccording to some people's notions. Now we will make a quotation to show the unfairness of this article, and the evident determination of the writer, whose malignant feeling toward Arkansas City is shown in every line. We quote:

"Without coming to any agreement, the gentlemen went to Arkansas City, and soon thereafter we find men in every township in the county from Arkansas City, circulating petitions."

An omission of the writer makes a lie and a misstatement in the above as much so as though he had put it into words. He should have been sworn to tell the whole truth.

He forgot to tell the people of Cowley county that the gentlemen representing the road returned to Winfield, and with them a deputation of the best citizens of Arkansas City, and that they stayed all day; and that the citizens of Winfield would not even get together in a room and state what modifications they wanted, nor listen to any terms of agreement, but treated the citizens of their neighboring city with such marked disrespect as to amount almost to insult; that they said, in effect, "Winfield controls the countyCwhen we get ready to say the word, Arkansas City and the country townships can walk up to the trough and drink, and not until then."

After this, in the same article, comes a statement in regard to a committee from Winfield visiting Arkansas City, and again the writer's memory proves treacherous, and he only states that their committee offered to put in $100,000 each for an east and west and a north and south roadCforgetting entirely to state that they offered to give $120,000 to a north and south road, and take just enough to bring an east and west road to the city of Winfield, and no further.

He forgot, also, to state that they had no reliable, reasonable project to present at Arkansas City, or anywhere else, in regard to a road from the east.

To conclude this article, I would make this one observation in the shape of an appeal to all fair minded citizens, and especially to the farmers and producers of the county: There is in the article referred to a feeling of malignity exhibited against a thriving village in your midst, in which you cannot share. It may be only the members of a bitter political controversy, only existing in the mind of one man, and it may be the feeling of property holders in the city of Winfield, who think that they will be largely benefitted by anything which will destroy the growth of a sister town. But neither reason applies to the large majority of the citizens of the county. Every dollar of taxable property added to either city helps the county so much towards lightening the burden of taxation, and is an aid to them.

A. W.


Arkansas City Traveler, April 11, 1877.

Railroad Matters.

The committee who went from this place to Augusta, learning that Mr. Young and Gov. Eskridge intended going to Winfield to confer with the people of that place, at the urgent request of one of the citizens and a member of the Railroad Committee of Winfield, sent word for a delegation to come up to agree to a new proposition. A number went, but upon their arrival, found that no agreement could be made, as the Committee of Winfield had stated they could entertain any proposition from the north, as they had one from the east. Mr. Young and Gov. Eskridge then came to this place and submitted the proposition to Cresswell Township to build their road down the west side of the Walnut by Township aid. The same proposition will be submitted to Rock, Nennescah, Vernon, Beaver, Cresswell, Bolton, and probably Pleasant Valley Townships, and if the aid is rendered, the road will be built.

In the evening a large and enthusiastic meeting was held at the church, during which a stirring speech was made by Mr. Eskridge, and remarks by Mr. Young, Rev. Fleming, Judge Christian, Amos Walton, Mr. Channell, and others, after which a committee of eleven were appointed as follows, as Managing Committee, with power to appoint Finance, Canvassing, and Sub-Committees: Dr. Hughes, O. P. Houghton, C. M. Scott, A. A. Newman, James Christian, J. C. McMullen, S. B. Fleming, M. R. Leonard, Amos Walton, R. C. Haywood and S. P. Channell.

The Committee then elected Dr. Hughes, President, J. C. McMullen, Vice President, Amos Walton, Secretary, and R. C. Haywood, Treasurer. The hour being late, the Committee then adjourned.




A Farmer's Opinion of the Railroad.

FLORAL P. O., March 25, 1877.

MR. SCOTT: Although not a constant reader of your paper, I see it occasionally, through the friendship of my old Kentucky friend, James Christian, of your place. I see your people are advocating a railroad down the Walnut valley, and I saw your petition and signed it last week, but at the time I told Mr. Christian that I would vote against it. But as I have been considering the matter over in my own mind, and have come to the conclusion to vote for the bonds.

Nearly all the people in my neighborhood favored an east and west road, and we are still in favor of one of that kind if we could get it; but I see no hopes of one soon. I am an old man, and have lived here on Timber creek six years. I am getting tired waiting for a railroad, and will now favor this one, the first tangible proposition that I have seen, and shall advise my neighbors to do likewise.

Cowley it is a big county, and all cannot have a road to their door yard. I find that by an examination of the little maps that Mr. Christian gave me that not a man in ranges 3, 4 and 5 (the best half of the county) will be more than 10 miles from some point on that road. This is near enough in all conscience for any of us. We can start from home in the morning with a load; go to the railroad, and be back home before night to do our chores, feed our stock, etc., as no farmer ought to be away from home after night if possible.

I am a Republican, and a believer in "the greatest good to the greatest number." I further find from that little map that in the three ranges the west half of the county contains 7,401 population, while the three east ranges contain only 2,720Ca little over one-third of the population of the county. So that the proposed road down the Walnut valley will accommodate two-thirds of the present and prospective population of the county.

I am now fourteen miles northwest of Winfield, but eight miles will take me to Little Dutch P. O., on the line of the road, and I have no doubt but we will have a station at that point or near it; so you see we will not be badly injured if we do not get an east and west road, provided we get one up and down the valley. What first put us in the notion of an east and west road was that nearly all the surveys that were made run up and down our creek. Two of them run across my land. But I am not so selfish as to contend for a road by my own door, to the injury of any neighbors. A road east from Winfield must run up our creek to the head of Grouse in order to cross what is called the flint hills, leaving all the balance of the Grouse creek valley out in the cold, for we cannot have two east roads in our day.

Therefore, let us be generous and accord the greatest good to the greatest number by going in heart and soul for the Walnut valley road. It takes us five days to make the trip to Wichita and back, and live like hogs while on the road at that.

Yours Respectfully, L.




Little Rock, April 5. The Kansas detectives passed through Fort Smith yesterday, en route for Kansas with the supposed Bender family, arrested in Crawford county on Tuesday. The family went by the name of Keafor. They were arrested by a Mr. Beard, of Kansas, a private detective, on a requisition from the Governor of Kansas. Beard is the man who discovered the bodies of the murdered York and others, on the Bender's place in Kansas, in 1872. He followed the family down the Atlantic and Pacific road to Pierce City, Mo., and thence to Fairville, in this State. The Family separated at Fairville, but reunited at the house of a son of old man Bender, on Cedar Creek, where they engaged in agricultural pursuits.

After satisfying himself as to the identity of the family, the detective, Beard, proceeded to Kansas. The Governor offered a reward of $2,500 and a requisition for George Keafor, alias John Bender, Mrs. Keafor, alias Mrs. Bender, Lena Keafor, alias Kate Bender, and Philip Keafor, alias John Bender, Jr. The arrest was made quietly by the Sheriff, the only resistance being by Kate, who drew a shovel on the detective and attempted to get a pistol, but was prevented from doing anything.

The whole party deny they are the Benders. All the circumstances are so strong that everyone in the locality where the arrests were made believe they are the real Bender family. Keafor made a good citizen, but rested under suspicion ever since his residence in the country. He came into the country on foot, like all the family, one at a time. But the old man soon commenced buying farms and agricultural implements, always having plenty of money to pay his way. Since they left Kansas, Kate has become the mother of two children.




Cowley county is divided on her railroad projects. Arkansas City and the north part of the county are in favor of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern road, while Winfield is opposed to it and wants only an east and west road. If this road cannot get through Cowley, it will have to go round it and into Sumner, where the people are ready and anxious to get it and will doubtless vote the requisite aid. Emporia News.





Spring is here again. Grass is growing fine but needs rain. Cattlemen are on the move. A good drive is anticipated this summer.

Most of the Cheyennes and Arrapahoes are in from their winter buffalo hunt, which has been quite a success. Tanning robes is the squaws' occupation now. A sale of the Warnemakers ponies was made at the Agency on last Saturday. Advertisement has been made for the relatives of the murdered man, but none has yet been found.

The Cheyenne and Arrapahoe children are just emerging from a siege of the measles and whooping cough.

In company with some parties, a few evenings ago we visited the camping grounds to witness one of their balls. Making our way to one of the lodges which was lighted up, and by the noise and general racket indicated that that was the place of mirth, entering we seated ourselves preparatory to witness the dance. The music eased. The music consisted of two drums, from which, it seemed to me, two Indians were getting all the racket it was possible to be made, and singing (howling) at the top of their voices. Soon one Indian says: "Go John," and pointed to the opening of the lodge, "papoose sick," pointing to a child that was lying on a pallet. "Heap sick, make medicine." We passed out, the racket of the drum and howling commenced.

Well, the general exclamation of the visitors was measles, small-pox, or yellow fever, would be preferable to the making of that medicine.

On last Monday we saw four teams plowing, being handled by the Indian school boys in stirring old ground for corn. Today twelve or fourteen older Cheyennes and Arrapahoes passed up on their way to Wichita after wagons for the Agency. Some had their wives with them.

Imagine an old bachelor cooking a meal and a lot of ladies looking on. Stumbling around the stove, a dishrag under each arm, burning his fingers, spilling the coffee, dropping the frying pan of meat, a cat on each corner of the table, an old dog and pup fighting over a bone, chickens scratching in the corner, mule looking in at the door, and after you have invited them to be seated at the tableCOh! must it be toldChave forgotten to bake bread. ROBINSON CRUSOE.






WASHINGTON, March 30, 1877.

SEALED PROPOSALS, indorsed Proposals for "Beef," Flour, Clothing, Transportation (as the case may be), and directed to the COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, No. 40 Leonard St., New York, will be received until 12 m. of TUESDAY, MAY 8, 1877, for furnishing the following Supplies, Goods, and Transportation required for the Indian Service for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1878:

Beef on the hoof, 34,838,000 pounds.

Flour, 5,764,500 pounds.

Bacon, 879,400 pounds.

Hard-bread, 90,000 pounds.

Corn, 2,464,500 pounds.

Lard, 14,000 pounds.

Mess-pork, 790 barrels.

Coffee, 453,900 pounds.

Sugar, 896,600 pounds.

Tobacco, 59,350 pounds.

Soda, 16,750 pounds.

Baking Powder, 28,340 pounds.

Rice, 83,000 pounds.

Tea, 6,580 pounds.

Beans, 184,500 pounds.

Soap, 118,420 pounds.

Hominy, 153,000 pounds.


Blankets, Clothing, Woolen and Cotton Goods, Hardware, Notions, and Medical Supplies.


Transportation for such of the above supplies as may not be contracted to be delivered at the several Indian Agencies.

Schedules, showing in details the quantities and kinds of goods and supplies required for each Agency, transportation routes, time and place of delivery, conditions to be observed by bidders, and terms of contract and payment, together with blank proposals and forms of contract and bond, will be furnished upon application to this Office (in Washington or at No. 40 Leonard St., New York); to E. M. Kingsley, 30 Clinton Place, New York; to Wm. Nicholson, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Lawrence, Kansas; to the Commissaries of Subsistence, U. S. A., at St. Louis, Chicago, Sioux City, St. Paul, Leavenworth, Omaha, and Cheyenne; or to the several Indian Agents.

J. Q. SMITH, Commissioner.



C. R. MITCHELL is at Topeka.

BEAN the jeweler has vacated his stand.

GARDNER & CO.'s new drug store will be opened next week.

CATTLE now grace on the prairies. Grass is green and abundant.

O. P. HOUGHTON had about eighty rods of fence destroyed by the prairie fire east of the Walnut, last Thursday.

W. W. WALTON has been tendered a position as clerk in the office of State Superintendent of Public Instruction.

WILL MOWRY has severed his connection with E. D. Eddy, after five years steady application, on account of his health.

CORN AND OATS. Bids will be received at Fort Leavenworth, until May 8th, for corn and oats, to be delivered at Fort Gibson, Reno, and Sill, and elsewhere.

THOS. CALLAHAN circulated a petition last week asking the Township Trustee to call out a force of men to destroy the festive grasshopper, under the law of last winter.

M. E. WELCH, the contractor and superintendent of the stone work upon the M. E. Church building in this place, is a well skilled mechanic and is executing tip-top work in hand. When completed, it will be a credit to him as well as to the city.


The officers of the east and west railroad from Cherokee are Matthewson and L. S. Hamilton of Parsons, J. McCune, of Crawford county, Col. Wilson, of Fort Scott, G. W. Brown, I. W. Lucas, J. N. Dennis, of Cherokee, backed by Mr. Kimball, of New York.

MR. JAMES WILSON, of Leavenworth, wrote E. D. Eddy that he would ship his stock of dry goods to this place on Monday, and that he and his family would reach here about Saturday. The church of which he is a member in Leavenworth gave a party in honor of his departure last week.

CHEAP LANDS. In another column will be seen a long list of lands advertised by the Arkansas City Bank, that are offered at very reasonable rates, for cash or on time. Any man with a few hundred dollars could make a purchase from the list that would pay him fifty percent on the money invested when the railroad comes.


West 2 of Section 36, Township 34, south of Range 3 East; 230 acres, joining Arkansas City; all bottom land; plenty of water and timber. One hundred acres in cultivation. This is a very desirable tract of land; price $3,000. As soon as a railroad reaches here, this place will be worth double this sum.

South 2 of southeast 1/4 of sec. 5, tp. 34, south of range 3 east. This tract is in the finest portion of the Arkansas River Valley; known as the Sweet land; price $600.

N W 1/4 sec 31, tp 33, S R 3 E; very fine bottom land; plenty of timber and water; price $4 per acre; known as the McLane tract.

SE 1/4 sec 22, tp 34, S R 4 E; seventy acres in cultivation; good house, plenty of water; price $1,300; 3-1/2 miles east of Arkansas City; known as the Kerr place.

SW 1/4 sec 22, tp 34, S R 4 E; 135 acres broken; fair house and spring of good water; three miles east of Arkansas City; price $1,400; known as the Huff place.

SE 1/4 sec 23, tp 34, S R 4 E; very fine stock farm, five miles east of Arkansas City; price $1,000; known as the Cave Spring farm.

Lot 2, block 89; lot 25, block 132; lots 5 and 6, block 17; lots 9 and 10, block 150; and five acres of timber land on Arkansas River, near Max Fawcett's farm.

SE 1/4 sec 7, tp 35, S R 4 E; 8 acres in cultivation, three miles south of Arkansas City; plenty of water and some timber. Price $500; known as the Cary farm.





Kansas State Militia.

From the Military Signal published at Columbus, Ohio, we clip the following, which at this date is rather amusing:

Governor Anthony, Commander in Chief, Topeka.

H. T. Beman, Adjt. Gen., Topeka.

Maj. Gen. Sam'l Walker, Commanding Division, Lawrence.

Brig. Gen. F. H. Dernning, Commanding 1st Brigade, Wathena.

Brig. Gen. T. T. Taylor, Commanding 2nd Brigade, Hutchinson.

Brig. Gen. Percy Daniels, Commanding 3rd Brigade, Girard.

Brig. Gen. H. C. Snyder, Commanding 4th Brigade, Glasco.

Col. G. H. Norton, Arkansas City.

Capt. A. D. Keith, Arkansas City.

Capt. J. R. Musgrove, South Haven.

Capt. R. Hoffmaster, Arkansas City.

Capt. E. R. Evans, Winfield.

Lieut. Geo. Wagstaff, Guelph.

Capt. E. B. Kager, Winfield.

Capt. T. J. Riley, Wellington.

Capt. W. S. Coburn, Arkansas City.

Capt. R. W. McNown, Maple City.

Capt. E. M. Hewins, Cedarvale.

Capt. C. W. Rambo, Elk Falls.

Capt. J. W. Vannoy, Elgin.

Lieut. Jno. Moseley, Medicine Lodge.

Lieut. H. E. Vantrees, Sun City.

Capt. L. C. Smith, Stockton.

Capt. Chas. Schaefer, Ledgwick [? Sedgwick ?].

Capt. Chas. Collins, Hutchinson.

Lieut. Jas. M. Worster, Langdon.

Capt. S. M. Tucker, Wichita.





The city election Monday resulted in the choice of the following officers for the ensuing year: For Mayor, R. L. Walker; for Councilmen, A. G. Wilson, S. C. Smith, A. E. Baird, C. M. Wood, and H. Jochems; for Police Judge, John W. Curns.









I have this day opened an excellent assortment of Spring and Summer Dry Goods, Ready-Made Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Fancy Goods and Notions, Which I will sell at the very lowest possible rates FOR CASH! You are respectfully invited to call and examine the goods. As I have come to stay, I shall use every honest effort to make WILSON'S CENTRAL STORE Known all over this beautiful new country for Fair Dealing, Low Prices and First-Class Goods.







Mr. S. S. Sisson sold one of his carriage horses to an Indian chief at Cheyenne Agency last week. The Indian was a good judge of horse flesh.

Winfield, desirous of being a railroad terminus, snubs Arkansas City, which is affected by the same laudable ambition. Either is willing, however, to dispense with a railroad, rather than let the other have one. Meanwhile, the farmers, who are most interested, are compelled to haul their wheat fifty miles to market. 'Twas ever thus since the earliest settlement of Cowley.


Railroad Matters in Cowley.

We understand that the Commissioners of Cowley county, last Monday, submitted a proposition to the people of that county to vote aid to the Memphis, Parsons & Ellsworth R. R., Western branch. According to the terms of the proposition, the road is to be terminated at Winfield. At the same time the petition praying the Commissioners to submit a proposition to aid in the construction of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railway (north and south) was rejected.

This action, as we understand it, precipitates a square fight between Winfield and Arkansas City, and will unite almost solidly, the western and southern portions of the county in fierce and concentrated opposition to the proposition submitted. The proposi-tion being gotten up and submitted in the interests of Winfield, utterly ignores the interests of the people of the largest, and by far the better half, of the entire county; and it remains to be seen whether they will submit to the imposition of being taxed enormously and for years to come merely for the benefit of the politicians and property owners of Winfield.

In the meantime, petitions are in circulation, praying for the submission of a proposition to vote township aid for the north and south road, on a line west of the Walnut, to terminate at Arkansas City.

The people are warming up to the work, and between fighting the festive grasshopper, circulating petitions, and canvassing for votes, are likely to be actively employed for the next six weeks to come. Wellington Press.




FINE rain Sunday evening.

RAILROAD is all the talk now.

PEACH trees are full of fruit buds.

Our Uncle Jim is Mayor of Akron.

A lot of strolling Kaw Indians are in town.

WM. SPEERS repaired the boiler of his engine this week.

Mr. A. Wilson, of Leavenworth, is here and ready for business.

GEORGE NEWMAN wrote the locals for the Emporia News last week.

WINFIELD continues to play dog-in-the-manger on railroad matters.

W. B. SKINNER intends to move to his farm in Bolton township this week.

SHERIFF DICK WALKER is Mayor of Winfield, and John Allen, City Attorney.

MR. CARDER left us some specimens of green wheat twenty-five inches high.

The call for the election on the Cherokee east and west road is to be May 22nd.

SOME PARTIES FROM KENTUCKY are here for the purpose of engaging in the saloon business.

THOS. BAKER has removed his barber shop to the basement of the City Hotel building.

DEXTER goes back on the Parsons project. Some of her people have been over to Independence.

A continuous brick sidewalk and awning is to be built from Mr. Wilson's store room to Benedict's corner.

A large prairie fire extended over the cemetery and a great portion of the country west of it Monday evening.

JAMES MITCHELL has prepared for a large sale of harness, collars, and horse fixtures, by laying in a supply early in the season.

A meeting was held at Mercer's school house Monday evening, at which it was decided every man should take care of his own grasshoppers.

The Memphis road leaves Tisdale out in the cold. We don't see the object of it exactly, unless Winfield still entertains fears of losing the county seat.

Two prominent and extensive farmers of Creswell and Bolton townships, M. R. Leonard and Frank Lorry, are enthusiastic for the Kansas City railroad.


The parties that passed through this place with a wagon, carpet sack, and camping outfit, were Col. E. H. Topping and Hon. Ed. Smith, of Miami county, and Hon. T. P. Connard, of Lincoln, Nebraska, commissioners appointed by the Secretary of the Interior to appraise fifty miles square of the Indian Territory, in pursuance of the treaty of 1866 made with the Cherokee Indians. They had a cook, teamster, and secretary. The work will take about four months, for which each commissioner gets eight dollars per day and expenses.


On Saturday and Sunday the Central Hotel was well patronized by "location seekers," attracted to this point no doubt by the various railroad projects that are engaging the attention of our citizens. Knowing that our conspicuously located situation cannot long remain unoccupied and unobserved by businessmen and railroad projects.


The increase of intemperance is more apparent every day. The record of last week shows five men all "how-come-you-so?" at one time, and one perfectly helpless lying on the sidewalk at full length, entirely insensible--and still we have no saloon.



MR. LEANDER FINLEY, an old and esteemed citizen, having resided in this county over twenty years, moved westward, Wednesday, and will settle at Arkansas City, Kansas. He took with him a lot of fine stock, which will be a valuable importation to that section. Monmouth (Ill.) Atlas.


COL. YOUNG, after carefully looking up a line for his road on the west side of the Walnut, expressed himself as highly pleased with the route, and stated that the road could be built much cheaper on that line than on the east side, crossing at Winfield.


A meeting of the Union Stock Protective Association will be held at Bland's school house next Saturday evening, at 7 o'clock, April 21st. All members are requested to be present. By order of R. HOFFMASTER, Captain.


A dispatch from Fort Smith says the Keafor family, arrested on the charge of being the Kansas Benders, after an examination before United States Judge Parker, were released. The parties from Kansas failed to identify them.


Two gentlemen from Elk City and Longton report that it will be impossible to carry any bonds for the Parsons narrow gauge road from east to west, for the reason that there are none but standard gauge roads to connect with.


The County Commissioners called the election for the Parsons road May 22nd, instead of the 15th, as we were informed last week. The election proclamation was ordered published in but one paper in the county.


M. E. CHURCH NEWS. By a decision of Bishop Simpson, the present Presiding Elder of this district will occupy Emporia station, and Rev. A. H. Walter takes his place as Elder of this district.


ICE CREAM social at Pearson's Hall tonight by the M. E. Society. Admission fifteen cents. The proceeds go toward paying for the building of the new church and should be well patronized.


MR. P. F. ENDICOTT, road overseer, has declared war with the grasshoppers, and called out the hands and gone to driving and burning them, and we hope all overseers will do likewise.


BORN to Mr. and Mrs. Orin Wilkinson, Friday evening, April 13th, a daughter. By special request we withhold the name of attending physician and weight of the new comer.


Six families and thirty persons live in one house at Thomasville, all from Indiana. They are representative farmers who will add to the prosperity of the country.


PLANT PEANUTS. One pound of seed will produce eight bushels of nuts, worth $2.00 per bushel. Raw peanuts are worth fifteen cents per pound.


The County Commissioners met last Monday to act on the railroad petitions of Rock, Nennescah, Beaver, Cresswell, and Bolton townships.


FIVE PETITIONS for saloon licenses are in circulation, and one man offers to give $500 for the exclusive privilege to retail liquors.


ONE MAN near Winfield killed all the hoppers on his corn ground by harrowing them with a brush harrow heavily loaded.


SOME PARTIES are smoking seed corn before planting to prevent the gophers from destroying it, and others soaking it in coal oil.




50 pieces jeans and cassimiers that must be sold cheap. 36 pieces cottanades and ducks, brown and bleached muslins, etc., at Wilson's Central Store.


SALE. A. O. Porter will sell at his residence in Arkansas City, on Saturday, April 21, 1877, his household goods, consisting of furniture, carpets, charter oak stove nearly new, two heating stoves, etc.


A GENTLEMAN in Dayton, Ohio, proposes to bring a distillery from that point. Any parties having capital and a desirable location for the same, should address Martin Eichelberger, Dayton, Ohio.




Col. Vliet, R. R. engineer favored us with a call last week. He is looking over the proposed railroad route. Col. Vliet is confirmed in his opinion, from an intimate knowledge of railroad affairs, that we, by proper work, may secure a road during the present year.

The local directors of the railroad company met and perfected their organization on Tuesday last. The eastern point of beginning was changed from Oswego to Independence, and the number of directors raised to eleven. The next meeting of the directors will be held in Sedan on Saturday, April 28th, when a full attendance is desired.

Mayor S. P. Channell, and J. H. Sherburne, of Arkansas City, were in town on Tuesday to attend the meeting of the railroad directors. They report Arkansas City and the Southern part of Cowley county as being in full sympathy with us, and ready to cooperate for an east and west road.





WE, the undersigned, being more than two-fifths of the resident tax payers of the municipal township of


in the county of Cowley, etc.





[Beginning April 25, 1877.]




To the Citizens of Cowley County.


Citizens of Cowley county, let us reason together. Do you really and sincerely want a railroad into or through our beautiful county? If you do, act like sensible men. Come out in your might and crush the hired minions that are trying to deceive you by false propositions and bogus companies, not worth a dollar. Men who may mean well enough, but who could not raise a dollar for any such purpose to save their necks from the halter.

I do not wish to impugn the motives of any man, but when I see men act as some are acting in this county, I am constrained to believe that they are dishonest, for no honest man will sail under false colors. No honest man will be untruthful; these men are not deceived as to the ability of the men comprising the Parsons Narrow Gauge Company, commonly termed the East and West route. Several of them are good fair men, but they do not pretend to be capitalists or have a dollar to put into railroads, and should they ever get to Parsons, there is no evidence that they will build a narrow gauge any father. Then where are you?

Where is Parsons, pray? A station on the M. K. & T. R. R., at the junction of the L. L. & G., thirty-five miles southwest of Fort Scott, in Labette county, one hundred and forty miles from Kansas City, the market town of Kansas and the New West.

But to resume, Cowley county is comprised of twenty-two municipal townships, and a population of over ten thousand five hundred souls, if everyone has a soul, which seems doubtful by their act. Seven thousand five hundred of the population is in the Walnut Valley. A road up and down the valley would accommodate two thirds of our present and prospective resident tax payers and build up two prosperous towns where the comforts and conveniences of civilization would center for the benefit of the great farming and producing class of the country as well as the improvement of our species.

All these benefits must be thwarted to gratify a hell engendered spirit of revenge of a few sore head politicians and disappointed office seekers whose principles are rule or ruin. Citizens of Winfield and Cowley county, the day is coming, and is not far distant, when you will curse in your bitter wrath the memory of the men that are now plotting your destruction under the false and delusive pretense of being your friends.

Take down the map of your county, examine it closely, see where its best lands lay, see for yourselves if you are not blinded by local prejudices or actuated by the most vindictive hate to a sister village of your own county, that can in no shape or manner be a rival to your commercial and financial prosperity where the bulk of our population lays. Don't let passion subjugate your judgment, you have the County Seat, the public offices, and a favorable location for a thriving business town.

Without descending to particulars and statistical information on the comparative cost of broad and narrow gauge railroads, we will state the cost per mile for what is termed standard and three feet gauge over the same character of country; the former costing $9,944, the latter $5,951, or in about the proportion of five to nine, a little over half. The cost of equipments of the two roads would be a little more in the proportion of three and a half to four and a half. The cost of standard gauge being $9,944 per mile, and thirty miles through our county, amounts to $298,320, while a three feet gauge would only cost $178,530, leaving a balance of $119,790, near $120,000 for the road alone without equipments or rolling stock, this $120,000 would be dead capital that we would have to pay interest on in the shape of passage and freight, money that the farmers and traders have to pay the railroad, for all freight and passage money is intended as interest on the capital invested. The more that is invested in the road, the more is to be paid by the producer and trader. The buyer and seller in this, as in all business transactions, will invariably look for the consumer to pay the tariff, and the mass of mankind are consumers. Do not then tarnish your good name by such a suicidal course, such a dog in the manger policy.

Abandon your trumped up East & West company, you know that it is a myth, an iguis pat-n-us, a jack-nith o lantern.

Unite with the friends of Cowley county in putting through a proposition that will accommodate the great bulk of our citizens. As I said before, two-thirds of our voters and taxpayers reside in the Walnut Valley. This section of our county, as you all know, is the great wheat and grain producing region. East of the Walnut it is more broken and better adapted to stock raising, a species of farming that does not so early need a railroad, but which it will have in due season. . . .





No Parsons Narrow Gauge for Tisdale.

TISDALE, April 16, 1877.

Editor Traveler:

A meeting was held in Tisdale on Saturday, the 14th inst., to take an expression of the people with reference to voting bonds on the Parsons east and west railroad.

With the exception of two individuals, whom we were informed at the time, were promised a station at their doors, the meeting was unanimous against the bonds.

Many speeches were made, and many who were never known to make a public speech in their lives, gave vent to their feelings on this occasion, and held the floor for some time.

On the same evening a meeting was held in the Jarvis schoolhouse in the north part of Sheridan township. The floor was held the greater part of the evening by a man named Thomas. This man Thomas lives near Mount Contention, and whether he spoiled the Mount or the Mount spoiled him, we were unable to tell; but one thing we do know: he was very contentious. From the amount of information we could obtain, even as far north as that locality, the greater part were against the humbug.

It is the full opinion of the community, as far as I have heard, that the company is not a responsible one, that their man never was worth anything in his life, and is reported to be worth nothing now, and is a mere railroad adventurer.

The matter is hurried upon us without giving us any opportunity of judging for or against it, and this is done for a purpose.

Never were truer remarks penned by man, than those of Rev. Platter, of Winfield, in writing from Philadelphia last summer to the Winfield Courier. He stated that eastern capitalists and railroad companies looked upon the people of Kansas as a people who wished to make their living by their wits, and not by solid industry. So it is at the present time. Some sharpers wish to make a pile by their wits, and not by any honest principle.

As we have no confidence in the company; as we have no certainty that the road would be built even if the bonds were voted, but perhaps bring us into a disagreeable litigation without any return; and as the whole matter seems to be rotten, let us by all means vote it down, and when the time comes to vote bonds for a road, let them at least have a better appearance of value than the present proposition.





The Emporia News saysCwell, we will let it tell its own story.

Thomas Beers, of this city, formerly jailer of the county, was deputy sheriff of Labette county at the time of the terrible Bender murders. He knew the Benders well. He stayed at a hotel where the notorious Kate worked for some time. He was the man who discovered the body of Dr. York. He has always believed he could find them, and was at one time close upon their track. Owing to circumstances he could not control, and because other detectives were favored above him, he gave up the chase until the administration changed.

As soon as Governor Anthony took the reins, Beers renewed his efforts, and urged an appropriation for the purpose of capturing the worst set of murderers who have stained the annals of crime. He finally received such encouragement from Governor Anthony as to go in search of the criminals himself. He claimed all the time that he knew where they were, because he had formerly lived in the same section of Arkansas where the criminals are now residing.

It would seem that Mr. Beers made a mistake, and did not know the Benders as well as he thought he did.




The Struggle.

Had an impartial observer happened to be at the county seat of Cowley county, on Monday and Tuesday last, he would have thought that the right of the people of Bolton, Creswell, Beaver, and Rock townships to peacefully petition the Commissioners on a matter entirely concerning themselves, was denied by prominent citizens of Winfield, who were in full force, to say that no railroad proposition should be entertained, unless the citizens of Winfield were consulted, and allowed to fix the route.

Not only that, but the citizens of Winfield insisted and did fix the day upon which the petitioners should vote, although every petitioner had asked for a different day, giving as their reason that they did not want to lose two days in the busy season.

Yet Manning, Millington & Co. insisted upon fixing the time, and carried the day. But after the two days= struggle, the elections were ordered. The people of four of the largest townships in the county are now permitted to say whether they want a railroad or not.

Winfield will graciously permit them to vote if she cannot help it. She will allow them to market their grain at their very doors if she cannot force them to come to her. She will allow them to have stations, depots, and towns in their midst, if she cannot defeat the railroad, which is to build to them. It now remains to be seen whether a selfish policy, which would grasp everything in Cowley county, can succeed. If so, Winfield will be ahead.




Railroad Items.

A narrow gauge road six miles in the township will give on its road bed $42,000 valuation with a proportion of the selling stock of the road. The station and a few stores will add $2,000 more taxable valuation, and it will also bring every man in the township within three miles of a shipping point. A township can very easily stand a larger tax when you raise the taxable valuation $100,000.

There was a man in Winfield who thought a majority of the votes in Rock was not equal to two fifths of the resident tax payers.

Winfield, after driving away a live prospect from the practical railroad men, and leaving Rock, Tisdale, Dexter, and other townships out in the cold, is now crying out, "Thou canst not say I did it." But the deed is done; the townships east and west propose to build their own roads and enjoy them at home.

Howard City and Elk City having united in the support of the Emporia narrow gauge road wraps the binding sheet around the Parsons, Winfield, Ellsworth, and Puget Sound road.

In justice to the feelings of Winfield, it should be "laid away tenderly, buried with care; fashioned so slenderly, young and so fair."




The Kansas City Journal says that its article about the lynching of the Benders was based upon the confession of one of the lynching party, as alleged. It adds:

The fact that Gov. Osborn denies any knowledge of the affair does not disprove the lynching. Detective Baird saw the Benders in New Mexico just as he saw them in Arkansas, but he didn't get them, and never will. They have crossed to the other shore, and are citizens of a foreign realm and a hotter climateCa place where sharp detectives sometimes venture, but where extradition treaties are of no account.


It has Baird in a tight place, that is certain. The story which we published was similar to the one in the Journal, but came to us from a different source.

The fact that the two stories came from entirely different sources, both pretending to reveal the facts of the death of the Benders by lynching, is significant, to say the least. If true, it is very strange the authorities knew nothing of it. It is absolutely certain that Gov. Osborn did not.




Don't Be Fooled.

Every day we learn that St. Louis men in Southern Kansas are at work to prevent the people from aiding in the construction of railroads leading to Kansas City, and urging them to throw away their money on the St. Louis narrow gauge. Away out in Sumner and Cowley counties, they are urging them to vote for an "east and west road," on the assurance that St. Louis is going to build to them.

Now, let us have a few sensible words with those peopleCjust a little common sense. It is five hundred miles from St. Louis to those countiesCand not a foot of the proposed road has been built, not a dollar subscribed or voted for it, and not even a company organized. And if everything was ready to commence, it would be five years before it could be built, as the three last years have proved Kansas City would still be the better market.

Why then begin way out in the buffalo country by a few township subscriptions to build a road that St. Louis has not and cannot even commence? It merely puts a debt on the people without a benefit.

Now, turn this way. One hundred and fifty miles of road will connect the most remote corner of those counties with Kansas City. And when here, there are two roads and a navigable river leading to St. Louis; three roads to Chicago, and one road to Toledo, and one to St. Paul.

Here are four first-class markets available, instead of one, and at a saving of two-thirds of the distance, nine-tenths the cost, and four-fifths the time.

To us the matter is so plain that we only wonder anybody can doubt for a moment, or be deceived by any smooth told tale. The matter is as plain as a prairie. But, after all, is it not a very little business for St. Louis to be engaged in? Journal of Commerce.




[Correspondence K. C. Journal of Commerce.]

EMPORIA, KAN., April 14, 1877.

An encouraging sign for the return of an era of prosperity is the revival of railroad building throughout the country. For four years this industry has been practically paralyzed. The panic found Kansas in a fever of excitement over lines of road projecting in every direction, for which they were voting bonds most lavishly, although in many cases there could be given only the most vague and suspicious reasons for their construction.

The banks failed, the crash came, and the chimerical schemes vanished. Then the mania relapsed into the greatest revulsion against anything that ran on a track. Candidates for United States Senator even disdained to ride on the cars, and meandered to Topeka in farm wagons. This was the memorable "hay seed" era, and no man was considered available for office unless he could establish beyond controversy his opposition to railroads from infancy. It may be remarked this was no difficult task for the average Kansas politician.

So from one extreme, the people went to the other, and instead of being all in favor of railroads, they were nearly all opposed to them.

The panic gave men time to cogitate, if not the opportunity to look about them and get their bearings. Now after four years of observation and study, during which time the State is well nigh restored to financial health, they are prepared to act more intelligently and support a sounder policy.





Narrow Gauge Prospects.

We have seen several prominent gentlemen from along the line of the K. C., E. & S. railroad this week, and all report much interest felt in its success by the people.

The A. T. & S. F. company is taking an active part against the narrow gauge. Of all things they do not want a competing line through Southwestern Kansas, and especially do they dislike the idea of competing with a narrow gauge. They have their agents and bummers at work circulating all sorts of stories in regard to the narrow gauge proposition.

Among other things, they took the pains to send to Chicago to pry into the private affairs of the gentlemen who propose to invest in the narrow gauge, and are now circulating stories to the effect that the company has no money. That is an old dodge, and was played on the Santa Fe company when they were talking of building that line. Such stories are not worth a moment's attention.

We have seen the most emphatic and satisfactory statements from the leading bankers of Chicago that the narrow gauge company is entirely able to undertake the enterprise. We urge the people not to be turned aside by stories told by parties interested in other projects. Emporia News.




Capt. Hunt ordered out the grasshopper brigade this week. They went out with cornet band and flying banners.

Messrs. Channell, Walton, Houghton, and others, of Arkansas City, represented that city before the Board of County Commissioners, in the North & South Railroad matter.

We call attention to Mr. Newton's harness advertisement, which appears in this week's issue of our paper. Mr. Newton is himself a first-class harness maker, and employing none but good hands, using none but good stock, he is turning out the best of work, which he offers at reasonable rates. Give him a call.

The following extract, from a postal card to the editor, from R. W. McNown, of Maple City, may be of interest: "There are no grasshoppers on this prairie. The people in this part of the county say that if they do not get a railroad to run through this county, they will go to Cedar Vale to do their trading. The new State road has been laid out directly by my place, and gives good satisfaction, so far."




The State road surveyors returned last Saturday.

The mill on Grouse creek has been abandoned.

We are sorry to learn of the death of Capt. J. B. Nipp's wife.

Mr. Chamberlain traded for Mr. Burkey's brick house this week.

Dr. Kellogg started for Iowa, last Monday, to make a short visit.

Thomas Henderson starts for the lead mines of Joplin, Mo., this week.

LUMBER. MR. SILAS PARKER will open a lumber yard at this place next week.

JACK McCLOSKY sold his interest in the Sha-was-cos-pa mill to B. B. Spencer.

DIED. On Friday evening, of consumption, Mrs. Olds, aged about forty years.

THE WALNUT has been raging for several days, and the necessity of the bridge realized.

During the absence of His Honor, H. D. Kellogg, James Benedict will act as City Father.

Two calves belonging to Mr. Simms were carried down the Walnut last week by the high water.

RUDOLPH HOFFMASTER intends going to the mountains soon, and proposes to sell everything he has.

The freighters who went into the Territory loaded with corn, got to racing, and had a general smash up.

Dr. Shepard returned from St. Louis Monday evening. While there he purchased the drugs for L. H. Gardner's store.

Mr. Lewis tried the ford at Murdock's after Mr. Rhodes went downstream, and returned home to tell his friends he got wet.

If Standley hadn't made the shore when he was plunged from his horse into the mighty Walnut, he would have been cold meat by this time.

Mr. Smith, one of the Commissioners to appraise the Indian lands, made us a pleasant call Monday. His camp at present will be on Bodoc creek, sixteen miles south of this place.

CAPT. O. C. SMITH, who left this place about three years ago to accept a position on a Lake Erie boat, returned last week. The Captain is an old-time resident of Cowley County.

Agent Burgess, at Pawnee Agency, expects his successor to arrive every day. Mr. Burgess' health did not permit him to stay with the Indians, and they all express regret that he is compelled to leave them.


NARROW ESCAPE. While H. P. Standley was attempting to cross the Walnut at Harmon's ford, last Sunday, his horse went down and he was compelled to leave him and swim ashore in order to save himself. After struggling a few minutes, the horse came to the surface, turned about and made its way to the bank. Mr. Standley did not see the animal until he came back in a boat, and had thought it was drowned. Being a good swimmer is all that saved him from a watery grave.


MR. RHODES, with Mr. Ela's team, was washed down the Walnut last Friday evening, as he was crossing at Murdock's ford. The team and wagon landed on an island a short distance below the ford. Mr. Rhodes complains that there was no water gauge to indicate the depth of the water. Road overseers should see that every stream of any importance has sign posts showing the depth of the water. The law imposes a heavy fine for the neglect of it.


DIED. Of consumption, March 30th, after two years of almost continuous confinement, Mrs. Matilda A. Mouser, of Beaver township. She leaves a husband and three children to mourn her loss, besides a large circle of relatives and friends. She was a member of the church, and for many years lived a consistent Christian life. Her brother, E. G. Brown, died four days later, of heart disease, at Santa Rosa, Sonoma County, California.



The Commissioners appointed to appraise the fifty mile strip of the Cherokee land in the Indian Territory, have their camp at present on Shilocco. They expect a company of soldiers to join them before they start west. The object of the appraisement of the lands is to locate and sell it to friendly Indians, according to the treaty of 1866. Many Pawnees are already occupying a portion of the reserve.


A company of soldiers arrived here this week to accompany the Commissioners in the Territory. Their work begins on the west side of the Arkansas river at this place, thence west to Colorado on the north line, and to the Pan Handle of Texas on the south line, including a strip nearly 300 miles long by fifty-four in breadth, and is for the purpose of locating friendly Indians on it.


MARRIED. On Thursday, April 19th, by Rev. Platter, John M. Reid and Miss Lizzie Ross, both of Winfield.

On the same evening, by Rev. Rushbridge, James Vance, of Wichita, and Miss Jennie McGahy, of Winfield.


T. H. McLAUGHLIN returned from his Eastern trip last Saturday, having found the market to suit him in New York and Boston. He made a large purchase just in the nick of time, before the late advance caused by the European war, and promises to sell lower then ever. The goods will be here by next week.

Arkansas City Traveler, April 25, 1877.

The City Council met and organized last Saturday. Wm. Sleeth was appointed Treasurer and I. H. Bonsall City Clerk. No Marshal or Street Commissioner was appointed. The officers are: Mayor, H. H. Kellogg; Police Judge, Jas. Christian; Councilmen: James Benedict, H. P. Farrar, J. I. Mitchell, H. Godehard, and I. H. Bonsall.


READ the railroad propositions to the townships of Rock Creek, Beaver, Creswell, and Bolton, and see if they are not the best that have ever been offered to the peopleC

especially those of Rock Creek and Beaver townships. Nenescah and Vernon are determined to have similar ones, and the line will then be complete.


SILVER. Great excitement prevails east of Lazette from the discovery of silver ore on the Flint Hills. A specimen was sent to St. Louis to be assayed, and the assayist wrote that he would come immediately to the place where it was discovered, as it was of an extraordinary quality.


DICK WALKER, MAYOR OF WINFIELD AND SHERIFF OF THIS COUNTY, was in town yesterday with his deputy, Burt Covert, in search of John Barber, who attempted to rape his half sister at Dexter last week, and was shot in the head by her brother, the ball striking about the ear and coming out alongside of the nose. Barber was lying in bed, unable to be up, as all supposed, until last Sunday when he heard that he was to be tried for the murder of four soldiers in Texas. He then got up and left. When last seen Monday noon, he was riding a poor pony, coming from Harmon's ford, with a bandage about his head. Parties are in pursuit of him.


ANOTHER RAILROAD. A meeting will be held in Neosho Falls, Kansas, on May 2, 1877, in the interest of a narrow gauge railroad from Kansas City, by way of Paola, Garnett, Neosho Falls, Yates Center, Toronto, and Eureka, through Cowley and Sumner counties, in the direction of Santa Fe, New Mexico. By direction of G. A. Colton and others.


THE M. E. CHURCH OF THIS CITY, now in course of erection, is 56 feet long by thirty in breadth; height of wall 15 feet. It is now rapidly approaching completion, and is a fine specimen of architecture, and will be large enough to accommodate any audience ordinarily assembling in Southern Kansas.


LIEUTENANT O. T. WIETING, of the 23rd U. S. Infantry, from Fort Riley, Kansas, with fifteen men, camped south of town last night. The men are picked soldiers, and as gentlemanly fellows as any we have met on the border. They are to accompany the Commissioners in the Indian Territory.


There is a particular spot near Wyard Gooch's place that the lightning strikes almost every storm. During the last month it has set the prairie grass on fire twice. Just as like as not there is a silver mine there, or some other mineral.


SOME PARTIES are reporting that the object of appraising the Indian land south of us is to open it for settlement. The statement is entirely false and will prove a detriment to the county if it is not properly understood.


FROM JUDGE McINTIRE, OUR TRUSTEE, we learn that there are 1,052 inhabitants in Creswell Township. In 1875 there were but 720, showing an increase of 332. Number of families exclusive of old bachelors and maids: 206.


THE COWLEY COUNTY BANK has just purchased one of the latest improved "time locks," at a cost of about $400. These locks are set by a clock, and cannot be opened until the time arrives that they are set to.


PROF. HOYT is teaching the El Dorado boys to blow. No man in the southwest is more capable to teach fine music than Joe. It is a treat to hear him render the Whippoorwill solo and Arkansas Traveler.




The commissioners to locate the State road from Arkansas City to Independence met at the former place on Monday last and commenced the work. The length of the road to be established is about 80 miles, and to do the work properly will take some time. The commissioners cannot expect to please every individual or every locality, and hence they should not start in with that idea. A road over good ground, though it be a few miles longer, may be a shorter route in fact than it would be on a more direct line but worse ground. A road too, through a thickly settled community, would be preferable to one through a district sparsely settled, but the commissioners will consider all these things before making the final location. Chautauqua Journal.




Accidental Drowning at Winfield.

[From our special correspondent.]

On Saturday morning, April 21st, while attempting to cross the Walnut river at what is known as Tunnel Mill Ford, south of Winfield, Miss Belle Wren was drowned. The facts as disclosed at the coroner's inquest are as follows.

Miss Wren, in company with John Boylan (a cousin), started to see about a school south of Arkansas City. When they came to the ford, the river was swollen by recent rains above, and it is supposed there was about seven or eight feet of water in the ford. The gentleman objected to driving in, but she insisted, saying she had crossed there the day before and there was no danger. Driving in, before they had gone 15 feet from the shore, the horses began to swim, and undoubtedly would have succeeded in crossing; but under excitement, they tried to turn around and make for the shore they had left. The buggy upset in turning, and threw both parties into the river.

He caught some willows with one hand, the bit of one of the horses with the other, and tried to turn them to the shore, but the current proved to be stronger than he, and he had to release his hold, and was able to reach the shore in safety. In the meantime she caught on the harness of one of the horses and was carried downstream, crying for help, until about 75 yards above the Tunnel Mill, when she and the horses, buggy and all, disappeared and were not seen anymore. Mr. Stump, the miller hearing her cries, started to help, and just as he got outside of the mill, he saw her disappear. Mr. Stump arrived in time to prevent Mr. Boylan from springing in to help her.

The alarm was raised, and the people instantly commenced searching for the body, which was kept up until 4:30 p.m. when the body was found opposite the mill some 75 or 100 yards below where she disappeared, having lain in the water some nine or ten hours. The body was removed to town, and the coroner summoned a jury, whose verdict was that the deceased came to her death by accidental drowning. Her brother-in-law, Mr. Crane, then took charge of the body. No blame is attached to Mr. Boylan, and he deserves praise for his manly efforts in trying to save the lady. The horses were found the next morning near the same place in a drift of logs and brush. The team belonged to Mr. Wm. Robinson, a livery man of this place.




THOSE wishing the chains for the Marsh Harvesters can get the same by calling on me. And anyone wishing repairs for Harvesting Machines, must give their orders now, in order to be sure of them by harvest time. R. C. HAYWOOD.


CASH FOR GROCERIES. On and after April 30th, we will give no credit for groceries. Will take all kinds of country produce in exchange. HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN.


STRAYED. A sorrel horse, 6 years old, star and snip, collar marked. Had a leather halter on. Supposed to be in the Territory as he went toward Pawnee Agency. Anyone returning him will be liberally rewarded. D. LOGAN.


SIR ARCHIE stallion will be at this place Thursday, Friday, and Saturday.








A freight wagon, bound for Fort Sill, was labeled: "C. B. & Q. R. R., 1877, B.C."

CLARENCE HARRIS, one of the main helps in the printing office, has recovered from his sickness, and is up again.

We have learned that the commissioners appointed to appraise land in the Territory have warned the whites from taking timber therefrom under penalty of the law, which makes it a penitentiary offense.


Arkansas City licenses no saloons. The drug stores supply the demand for "firewater" for the thirsty "Arkansawians," while the sturdy farmers wend their way to the city of Winfield for their little refreshments. Telegram.

William, you know better than that. The drug stores didn't supply you when you were here last, because you hadn't a prescription.


Salt City, Sumner Co., April 16, 1877.

Robert Thompson was married to Miss Ora Belknap on Tuesday evening.

Born to Mr. and Mrs. Thos. Mills, on Sunday the 7th, a daughter: weight 92 lbs.

Salt City is favored with a saloon and drug store.

Crops are looking well and farmers are busy. B.


FIRE. On last Wednesday night, at about 12 o'clock, during the rain, flames were seen in the direction of Judge McIntire's house, and a rush was made for the scene by those who chanced to be up at the time. On arriving at the fire, it was found to be the one just vacated by the widow of Jas. Barr, and owned by David T. Thompson. Mrs. Barr had moved out of the building in the morning, and no fire had been left, and no one was seen about in the evening until it was in a blaze. No cause can be assigned for the fire, except that it was the work of an incendiary. It was burned so completely that not a shingle or scrap of board could be seen afterwards.




Regret the Change.

If ever the truth was spoken, it is expressed in the following item from the Cowley County Telegram, the editor of which opposed the change of the law, as did the TRAVELER, citing the disadvantages of a change at the time.

"There are a few men in this county who strongly favored the change of the bond law from a two-thirds vote to a majority vote, who now curse the day the law was changed. They see they ran their necks square into a noose, and now that it is being slowly but surely tightened, they have awakened to a sense of their danger and wish themselves well out of the scrape. If it should lead to the building of a railroad around Winfield, the citizens of Winfield will then heap bitter curses upon them, and the devilish tricks by which the law was changed.




Be Sure You're Right, Then Go Ahead.

Citizens and voters of Cowley county, I am a railroad man in favor of a narrow gauge up and down the most densely populated portion of our county: the Walnut Valley, the wheat growing region of our county. But I must confess I was forcibly struck with the remark of a gentleman in the northeastern part of our county a few weeks ago.

"My friend, I have taxes enough to pay now. I sell all I can raise here at home. This county is emphatically a stock raising country; we don't need a railroad. I make more money in raising cattle and hogs than I can in raising wheat to sell. Enough to bread myself, and family is all I want, and my stock can walk to market. I am perhaps the largest taxpayer in my township, but I find no difficulty in getting along without a railroad. The distance to market don't bother me, and I have as much to sell as any of my neighbors. My experience is that the man who has nothing to sell is the furthest from market. My neighbor across the creek is just the man for you to call upon. He has nothing to sell, neither grain nor stock, but he is crazy for a railroad."

These remarks took me back, as they were too true.

I remember, when a boy in my native land, of seeing a tavern sign called "The Four 'Alls.'" It was the picture of four men, each rigged out in the toggery of his respective calling. One had a crown on his head, and under him the words, "The king rules all;" another had a gun on his shoulder, and under him the words, "The soldier fights for all;" the third had a big book in his hand, and under him the words, "The preacher prays for all;" while the fourth fellow was represented as wearing a long-tailed coat and bearing in his hands a bag of money, with under him the words, "The farmer pays for all." Yes, my farmer friends of Cowley county, in this land of civil and religious liberty; in this land of freedom, as well as in monarchical old England, you have the inestimable privilege of "paying for all."

If there is any railroad built through your county by the aid of railroad bonds, you will have it to pay for. Then exercise your prerogative, and say where it shall run to do the greatest good to the greatest number, and also what description of road you want. Don't let a few town lot speculators bulldoze you out of what your sense of right and justice demands. Demand that the road, if built, shall run where it will do the most good to the farmer, the produce raiser for and life sustainer of all.





On the morning of April 16, in company with a fellow townsman, we found ourselves eastward bound, to see what was to be seen and learn what was to be learned. What we learned of the Flint ridges, etc., does not concern us now. What we learned while in Elk, pertaining to railroad matters, may interest your readers as much as anything else.

One of the first things we learned was that COWLEY COUNTY was a unit on the narrow gauge east and west. Prominent gentlemen from Winfield had represented to citizens of Elk county that Cowley would "go solid" for the M. P. & W. R. R. narrow gauge. This was new to the unenlightened, and hard to reconcile with what we knew to be a factCthat a very respectable proportion of the citizens of Cowley county regarded the east and west proposition as a wild project to defeat a more substantial proposition, which would now have been before the county, had it not been for the dictatorial attitude of the city of Winfield.

The only plausible and possible explanation that we could give was that these prominent gentlemen either supposed they were Cowley county, or that they carried Cowley county in their pockets, as heretofore asserted.

Another thing we learned was that ELK COUNTY was not united on railroad matters. We did not find a single man who preferred a narrow gauge to a standard gauge east and west. They said: "The standard gauge is what we want; but if we cannot get the standard, we want the narrow gauge, rather than no road at all."

We learned also that a proposition was likely to be submitted soon to build a STANDARD GAUGE from Independence westward to Cowley County. Independence gentlemen expressed themselves as favorable to extending the line of the L. L. & G. railroad westward to save to the city of Independence and to that road the amount of trade already tributary to it, as well as to tap the trade in Cowley and Sumner counties, now tributary to the A. T. & S. F. railroad.

In short, Mr. Editor, from what we could learn, we are candidly of the opinion that the standard gauge from Independence is the only east and west road that will be built for many years to come.

Is it then the part of wisdom for Cowley county to commit itself for eighteen months or more to a project that never had any existence than in the brain of a few scheming, selfish men?




TRAVELER, MAY 2, 1877.


"The Arkansas City TRAVELER of April 25th contained six columns of opposition to an east and west railroad into Cowley county. That is a good paper to lay away for future reference. It may be that the TRAVELER and Arkansas City can afford to fight a railroad proposition that proposes to come to Cowley county, and it may be that they cannot."

We shall take pleasure in having that paper laid away for reference. Place it with the one of 1873, where we opposed the issue of the $200,000 bonds to the Kansas & Nebraska Company, when the editor of the Courier endeavored to have the Commis-sioners issue them after it was known they had defrauded Marion county and did not expect to build any portion of the road from the beginning to the terminus.

The people of Arkansas City favor any responsible east and west road, as the record of the Secretary will show at the meeting of March 27th, when the Committee of this place met the Railroad Committee of Winfield at the Central Avenue hotel at this place. Lay it away so that the people of Cowley county can see that we oppose every bogus proposition.



TRAVELER, MAY 2, 1877.

Railroad Talk from Tisdale.

TISDALE, April 23rd, 1877.

In view of the election called by the Commissioners of this county on the 22nd of May, for the purpose of voting bonds for an east and west railroad, these facts suggest themselves.

Is it right for the producers of this county to support a proposition so evidently one sided; or in other words, to assume a large debt with only a prospective benefit, for the purpose of forwarding the interests of the town of Winfield? You will find that the men who are prominent in urging this road are the same who by combination in fixing the lowest tariff or prices, have in times past bought your wheat, wood, and other products at rates that insured your continued poverty. They hold mortgages on three-fourths of your farms, to secure money loaned at the most usurious interest, and they now ask you to assume an additional debt, for purposes for which they chiefly will be gainers.

It is very doubtful, in principle, whether any railroad should be built except by the unassisted efforts of its own corporators. With us at this juncture, with the possible ravages of the grasshoppers, the assumption of such a burden is of questionable expediency. It cannot be that the terminus of this road at Winfield is for the interest of the county at large.

Its extension to Arkansas City would furnish us with an additional market for our products, while it would enable us to make purchases of goods at from five to ten percent less than sold for at Winfield.

As for the additional claim, urged by those who are representatives of that place, viz.: that the wealth, intelligence, and moral character of the county are centered there, and that the counties should support these virtuesCthis all may be so. Of the versatility of its citizens, there is little doubt. When you find professional men engaged in trade, public educators as peddlers, and even divines ready, not only to heal the bruised spirit, but to loan money at 30 percent, it must, indeed, be a carping mind that would deny their liberality.

Finally, previous to casting his vote, let each voter ask himself, "Which can I do the easierCpay this additional tax, or haul my produce to Wichita at a time of year when I have nothing else to do?"

Do not delude yourselves with the idea that what you consume will cost less. Freight now is carried cheaper by team than any railroad can transport it. Increased taxation in the United States has always meant a cessation of immigration and a decline in the value of real estate.




TRAVELER, MAY 2, 1877.

South Kansas & Western Railroad.

In pursuance to adjournment of a previous meeting, the Directors of the South Kansas & Western Railroad Company met at Sedan, Saturday the 24th of April, and proceeded to organize by electing Wm. Floyd, Chairman, and H. B. Kelley, Secretary.

PRESENT: Thomas Kelo, Wm. Floyd, S. P. Moore, E. B. Hibbard, A. B. Kelly, C. M. Scott, and S. P. Channell, by proxy.

On motion of C. M. Scott, it was moved that the officers of the local company should consist of a President, Vice President, Treasurer, and Secretary.

Mr. E. B. Hibbard then nominated Mr. Channell for President. On motion of H. B. Kelley, S. P. Moore was nominated Vice President, and E. B. Hibbard Secretary. S. P. Channell, C. M. Scott, S. P. Moore, and H. B. Kelley were appointed as committee to draft constitution and by-laws. On motion of Mr. Hibbard, Dr. Wagner, of Dexter township, was appointed to fill the vacancy if Mr. Miles failed to qualify. After discussing matters of general interest, the meeting adjourned to meet at Sedan, May 12th, 1877, at which time it is expected a proposition will be made to the people of Chautauqua and Cowley counties for the speedy construction of a standard gauge road from Independence, Kansas, to Arkansas City. WM. FLOYD, Chairman.

H. B. KELLEY, Secretary.



TRAVELER, MAY 2, 1877.


CORN 40 cents per bushel.

STREETS lined with teams.

NEWCOMERS in town every day now.

PAWNEES in town with robes to trade.

New stage driver in Tommy Young's place.

Walker's bay "Spray" team travels lively.

The railroad bonds have carried in Butler county.

Greenwood county is to have the K. C. R. & S. F. R.

Coyote wolves are becoming numerous north of town.

JOHN EVANS is going to apply for a city license to sell beer.

WHEAT $1.50 per bushel in Arkansas City and $1.70 in Wichita.

MR. RANDALL is erecting a new house north of this present location.

School began in Theaker's school house Monday. Mrs. Houser is teaching.

A. THOMPSON sold his south 80 acres to Gardner Mott for a team worth $300.


BARBER CAUGHT. Before leaving this place last Tuesday week, Sheriff Walker deputized A. W. Patterson, and offered him a bonus of fifteen dollars if he would capture John Barber, who had escaped from the authorities at Dexter two days before. Mr. Patterson secured the assistance of Constable Gray, and the two started in pursuit. Before going far, they learned he had gone up the Walnut, and immediately followed. After hunting the most of the night, they abandoned the pursuit until next morning.

In the morning Patterson and George Walker found the trail of the criminal and followed it until they came to the house of Robert White, where it stopped. Alighting from the buggy both went into the house and found the man lying in bed asleep, with a Colt's improved revolver and Bowie knife hanging in their sheaths on the bed post near his head. These were taken possession of by the officers, and a gun and pistol aimed at his head while they took hold of his leg to awaken him. As soon as he opened his eyes, Patterson said to him, "You are my prisoner." He realized his situation at once, and coolly remarked, "Where are you going to take me?" He was told that he would have to go to Winfield, and he readily assented to it, as his wound needed careful treatment. He told the officers he did not want to go back to Elk county for fear his father and brother would mob him.

In conversation afterwards he told the officers if he had not been wounded, they could not have taken him. In reply to a question of killing the soldiers in Texas, he stated he had heard of it and that it was a man by the same name as his own, but not him. He is now in jail at Winfield, awaiting trial. From all accounts, his father and brother are not as worthy people as they might be, as the father of the culprit, it is said, sent his son to shoot the half brother, saying he had $6,000 to clear him with.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

BRAKE DOWN AND UPSET. On last Friday morning Judge Christian and the editor of this paper started for Tisdale and Howard county in a light spring buggy. After traveling some fifteen miles, the spring of the buggy was broken by a sudden jar, and they were compelled to return for repairs. While returning on the east bank of the Walnut, the wheel slipped somewhat, throwing the weight on the broken spring, which was in front, causing the buggy to instantly capsize. Mr. Christian was thrown a considerable distance, striking the ground on the back of his head and shoulders, but soon recovered himself. The editor went with the buggy and alighted very easy. The horses did not make much of an effort to run, and in a few minutes the buggy was arighted, and they came into town balancing the vehicle by both sitting on the same side. This made the second fall Scott has received on the east bank of the Walnut within the last year, and the second upset Judge Christian has experienced within the past few months.


We have just received "The Black Hills, and American Wonderland," by H. N. Maguire, who has spent twelve years in the Hills and Yellowstone region. The latest, fullest, and only truthful accounts of gold and silver prospects, agricultural and grazing resources, climate, hunting and fishing, the Indians, and settlers adventures and conflicts with them; mining and wild Western life, and the grand natural wonders of this most remarkable countryCthe waterfalls, boiling geysers, noble scenery, immense gorges, etc. Illustrated with 27 fine engravings and a new map. Price only ten cents; sold by all newsdealers, or sent, postpaid, for twelve cents, by Donnelly, Loyd & Co., publishers, Chicago, Illinois.


STREET PREACHING. Rev. Phillips writes us he will preach on the streets of this place Saturday, May 12th, at 1 o'clock p.m., if there are no objections by those in authority. Mr. Phillips is a member of what is known as the Free Methodists, and will give a plain sermon on facts, treating on different topics, regardless of sectarianism and orthodox doctrines.

Many who do not attend church can have an opportunity of hearing the gospel preached without leaning their backs against a seat, or being compelled to wait until church is out to go home. The idea strikes us a novel way of reaching sinners, and we should like to see the experiment tried.


J. L. STUBBS and Miss GERTRUDE FINNEY are to be married by Rev. Fleming, at Osage Agency tomorrow. We have not the pleasure of the acquaintance of the lady of Lindsey's choice, but know she is of one of the best families of Lawrence. What we could say in behalf of our friend could not add more to his credit, as he is, and always has been recognized as one of the most gentlemanly young men that ever graced the Kansas border. May peace, prosperity, and long life attend them.


HORSE RACE. Arrangements have been made to try the speed of "Sleepy Jack," owned by Hodge Murdock, and "Gray Cow," owned by Jim Moreland, on the second Saturday in June, next, for $500 a side, with $50 forfeit, on the track seven miles east of Caldwell.


MARRIED. At Winfield, on Thursday, April 26th, by Rev. Platter, Mr. JOSEPH DISSER and Miss KATIE BIRDZELL, both of this county. The lonely and dismal surroundings of a bachelor's life were too much for the genial and lively disposition of Joseph, and hence he has acted upon the wise and noble example of his forefathers, and taken unto himself a partner for life. Keeping "batch," mending breeches, and living alone no longer is

Not for Joe, Oh, no, no,

If he knows it, not for Joseph.


IN THE AIR. A marriage contagion surely pervades the atmosphere at Osage Agency. Tomorrow J. L. Stubbs is to be married. Next week Ed. Finney will do likewise, and the week following Mr. Furguson, of the same place, will unite himself. Bachelors from Kaw and the neighboring Agencies fear to remain long while on business at Pawhuska's fair capitol on account of the prevalence. The trader from Kaw made a visit there last week and nearly killed a horse getting home, so great was his fright.


A saloon firm in Cedar Vale advertises thusly:



We wish to announce to our many friends, as well as the strangers, that we keep constantly on hand the poorest brands of Cigars, and meanest Wines, Whiskies, Brandies, etc., this side of the Rocky Mountains. We shall be glad to serve you, if you have the Cash; we keep no slate.


The County Commissioners of Elk county have ordered a special election to vote county bonds to the tune of $120,000 in aid of the construction of the M. & E. narrow gauge.

It is generally believed the bonds will be defeated, owing to the want of confidence in the parties who are to build the road.


STEAMBOAT COMING. MR. GRAVEROCK, who has contracted to bring the "General Wiles" steamboat, belonging to the company at this place, from Little Rock, says he will make the start in about thirty days. He asked for more time so as to allow him to finish erecting a bridge in Neosho county that he has the contract for.


HOLTON ARGUS. We have received one of the first numbers of the Argus, published at Holton, Kansas, by J. C. Lillie, formerly of this place. Holton is the terminus of the Leavenworth narrow gauge railway, and deserves just such a paper as Mr. Lillie will make them if he has half a chance, or half patronage.


TOMMY YOUNG has been a driver on Tisdale's stage line for seven years. Within the past few months he has not enjoyed very good health, and has taken a "lay-off" of a few months to recruit.


ARKANSAS CITY's prospects for becoming the terminus of two railroads are becoming more apparent every day, and many people are seeking locations in the town in consequence of it.

Arkansas City Traveler, May 2, 1877.

The editor and Judge Christian made a visit to Chautauqua county last week, going by the way of Silverdale, Maple City, Otto, and Cedar Vale to Sedan. They were absent three days.


THE TRAVELER OFFICE ATTACHES furnish a local each week now. Last Sunday week Standley navigated the Walnut, and a few days after the editor measured his length in the clay banks.


McBEA, OF HOWARD CITY, says emphatically that the Parsons road will be defeated without a doubt, and that the proposition is only laughing stock for the people of Elk county.


BENEDICT and GARDNER are going to build another building between their stores on Summit street, and erect a new tin shop in place of the old one.


FIRE. DR. SHEPARD'S dwelling took fire from the flue last Saturday evening, but it was discovered and extinguished before much damage was done.


Now that we have sold all our wheat and flour, it is thought flour will have to be shipped in before harvest. It will be the same with bacon.


JAMES HUEY goes to the county seat to make a numerical index of the land titles of Cowley county, by order of the Commissioners.


Mayor's Proclamation!

NOTICE TO DOG OWNERS: On and after the 1st day of May, A. D. 1877, all dogs found running at large, within the city of Arkansas City, not having a proper check as provided by ordinance, will be liable to be killed by the City Marshal, and the owners of such dog or dogs, will be liable to arrest, and upon conviction before the Police Judge, fined in sums not less than $5.00 nor more than $10.00 for each offense.

Arkansas City, May 1st, A. D. 1877.


City Clerk. Acting Mayor.


Sedan Journal, 20th: The heaviest hail storm ever witnessed in this county occurred on Tuesday afternoon at this place. The stones averaged about the size of Minnie balls, and completely covered the ground.



TRAVELER, MAY 2, 1877.

MAPLE TOWNSHIP, April 23, 1877.

No bonds in ours is the present sentiment of the people of Maple township.

The residents of school District No. 72, have hedged in their Centennial schoolhouse and planted the lot with shade trees.

Grasshoppers in this township are doing very little damage on the prairie, and not much on the bottom lands.

The present prospect for a full crop of wheat and oats is good.

Corn is not up yet.

The usual amount of hedge, grove, and orchard planting has been made.

Preaching at the Centennial school house each alternate Sabbath by the Rev. Jones, pastor of M. E. Church.

A resident of this vicinity recently sold his farm and had his pocket picked of the purchase money in a saloon in Wichita. No clue to the thief. Moral: never get tight.




TRAVELER, MAY 2, 1877.

The farmers are all busy planting corn. Mr. Bowen has thirty acres up and looking well, but the grasshoppers have begun work on it. Wheat never looked better, and if the grasshoppers but mind their business, the farmers will be all right.

Mrs. Stauffer's health has improved so much that she has returned to her home in Sumner county.

John Myrtle has returned from his surveying trip. The people are at a loss to know where he spent Sunday evening.

Polk Stevens has moved off of the State line. It is a good thing for the people, as they need what little State line he left to tie that iron horse, when it comes down on the narrow gauge.





FRIEND SCOTT: As it may be of interest to some of your readers to know what is going on at the capitol, I send you the following items.

Everywhere, on the streets or in the stores, where two or more are congregated, you will find if you listen that their main topic is "railroad." There is not a man in this city that really believes that if the east and west proposition should be carried at the coming election that the road would be built. It is simply gotten up to kill the north and south proposition, and to fill the pockets of a few corner lot men in the city of Winfield.

I am a resident of this city, but do not think that the good, square farmers and taxpayers of this county should be bulldozed in any such manner. We need a railroad, and must have one, but let's not tie our county up in aid of a road that will never reach us.

In conversation with one of the ring leaders of this east and west humbug, last week, I asked him why could they not compromise with Arkansas City. He said that "there was no use as they would hear to nothing," simply pointing to the escrow clause as the main objection, stating that bonds placed in escrow were liable to be stolen; and another prominent gentleman and corner lot man of this city said, "Let Arkansas City go to h__l. We have no faith in the east and west proposition, but when we want a railroad, we can get it without the assistance of Arkansas City."

This, you understand, is not the feeling of all, but of a great many who are ignorant of the fact that this is a rotten affair gotten up to fill the pockets of a few, and deprive the people of the benefit of a railroad for years to come, and who allow themselves to be led about by such men as above mentioned.

Winfield has a street preacher who preaches on the streets every Saturday.

Everyone has the measles, mumps, or railroad fever.

Jo. Disser stopped with his bride at the Central Hotel Sunday night.





Letter from an Old MinerCGrasshoppers

In the MountainsCNarrow Gauge.


Friend Scott:

A thought just struck me that you would like to hear direct from Colorado, and from me, Jack, once more. In the first place I must let you know all about the grasshopper crop in the Rocky Mountains at present. About four days ago they were hatched out by the millions, about the size of a grain of rice, and everything looked favorable for the hopper. But "there is many a slip, etc." Monday, the 22nd, it commenced snowing and it is still snowing. Snow two feet, four inches deep at present, and good indications for another foot. Now, I would like to know how the grasshoppers are going to live until their blanket of snow wears off of them. But perhaps the grasshopper commissioners may explain that for me, as they are paid for such work, but I have my doubts about their ability to settle that question, as there are hundreds of men in these mountains who say that this snow will not injure the 'hopper at all. Well, we will see what we will see.

I see by your paper that you are having quite a lively time on the railroad question, standard gauge vs. narrow gauge. I also see in your paper some well written pieces concerning the different gauges of railroads, but I think the narrow gauge has the best of itCthat is as far as my experience goes, and I think I have had quite an experience, if you call riding on a narrow gauge any experience. I always pay great attention to it for it is my favorite railroad, and I think it will just suit Cowley county. I would like you to ask your many readers if they can cite a case of a bankrupt narrow gauge railroad. Of course, there are not many in this country yet; but all that are built, pay well, so that speaks well for the narrow gauge railroad.

I see that your old enemy, Winfield, has broken out in a fresh place. It appears that they want the terminus of a railroad, and will not be satisfied with anything short of that. Now it seems strange to me that Arkansas City and its surroundings will be bulldozed so long by Manning & Co. You have got the fort, now hold it. Make no compromises, for you are in the right and the right wrongs no man, and I hope you will succeed in voting the necessary bonds to build the road.

You know that I have taken your paper ever since I left Arkansas City, something over two years ago, and in that time I have shown it to some hundreds of people. They read the paper and say, "Well, Jack, that must be a great country, but what caused you to leave it?" "Well, it is sixty miles to a railroad point." "Ah! that is it. Well, I don't want any of it in mine." Now that is the prevailing opinion with everyone that I have come in contact with, that is, if they want to farm. For myself, with a railroad, I can go on my claim and make money, or salt, but without one, it is no earthly account to me.

I see by your paper that quite a number of men are coming to Colorado from Salt City, to go into the mining business, but they will find that it is not all gold that glitters. They will find that there is quite a lot of base metal mixed with itCat least, I have found it so, and I am an old miner. I suppose they will not be contented, however, until they give it a trial. They will find, also, that it is quite different in a man working for himself or for someone else, especially in these bad times; for when a man hires another, he takes the worth of his money of him. They will find that there it is quite a sprinkling of the "slave driver" in the employer in mining districts. JOHN McLAY.



The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the May term of the District Court, of Cowley county, to be begun and held on the first Monday, 7th day of May, A. D. 1877, and have been placed on the Trial docket in the following order.


State versus Andrew H. Horneman.

" " Martin Barber.

" " Jacob G. Titus.

" " Zebulon Foster.

" " John W. Barber.


Nathan K. Jeffries vs. Martin L. Read.

Oliver Sparkman vs. Wm. Thurman.

Francis Black vs. Edward Patton et al.

Henry F. Ford vs. Nathan Robertson.

Brettun Crapster vs. Stephen D. Williams.

John Rief vs. Gertrude Rief.

Barclay Hockett vs. R. R. Turner.

M. L. Read vs. Enoch G. Willett.

Albert Covert et al vs. Rufus B. Waite.

David Rodocker vs. James Jordon.

William A. Sharp vs. R. L. Walker.

Geo. W. Ballou vs. Rufus B. Waite.

R. B. Waite vs. Geo. W. Ballou.

Robert Hudson vs. Francis R. Hudson.

James C. Hix vs. Joseph Stewart et al.

Elisha S. Torrance vs. Samuel Greer et al.

Wm. R. Warner vs. M. G. Troup Adr.

Arkansas City vs. Jas. L. Huey, Treas.


A. G. Wilson vs. Henry F. Ford.

R. L. McDonald & Co. vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

Challis Bros. & Co. vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

Charles P. Kellogg & Co. vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

Ben Wood & Co. vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

L. Kiper & Sons vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

A. Cuddington vs. A. D. Lee.

Buck McCunes & Patterson vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

James J. Hood vs. Zumri W. Hoge et al.

Lewis Hart vs. Edward L. Walker et al.

Susan J. Ford vs. E. R. Evans.

Martha E. Quimby vs. J. Frederick.

Andrew Dawson vs. John W. Funk.

Andrew Dawson vs. Wm. Brown.

A. G. Wilson vs. Wm. B. Doty et al.

Emily J. Houston vs. Philena Darrah et al.


Emily Houston vs. Thomas M. Carder et al.

Frank Akers vs. A. H. Green.

Neosho County Bank vs. A. Stoddard.

Albert Minnich vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

M. H. Kenworthy vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

B. W. Sitter vs. Heirs of Tho. F. Lent deceased.

Robert Hudson vs. Francis R. Hudson.

W. S. Paul vs. Benj. H. Bodwell et al.

Sol Nawman vs. C. C. Pierce.

Stephen Brown vs. E. B. Kager.

Thomas Sampson vs. George Walker.

Cynthia Payne vs. Travis Payne.

James Z. McKee vs. Wm. H. Farney.

M. L. Read vs. S. A. Smith et al.

M. L. Read vs. Armstrong Menor et al.

M. L. Read vs. Armstrong Menor et al.

Arthur Graham vs. James H. Tullis et al.

E. A. Graham vs. Robert Corkins.


Samuel Pitt vs. Elizabeth Pitt.

Nancy McMannes vs. J. S. Harmon et al.

M. L. Read vs. Oscar O. Menor.

Royal H. Tucker vs. Mary L. Tucker.

Drury Warren vs. Tice Saulsberry.

R. B. Waite vs. A. A. Jackson et al.

Wheeler & Wilson Mfg. Co. vs. S. E. Smith et al.

M. J. Thompson vs. S. W. Greer et al.

W. H. Berryman vs. Wm. Bartlow et al.

John Dunstan vs. L. M. Brown et al.

G. J. Gross vs. Leanah Funk.

New Eng. Loan Co. vs. E. G. Willett et al.

Sarah E. Parker vs. Seymour Tarrant.

Desier A. Clapp vs. T. M. Carder et al.

E. V. Blue vs. R. C. Seehorn et al.

John W. Brown vs. L. A. Packard et al.

Frederick McReynolds vs. S. W. Greer.

Geo. O. Sweet vs. Sumner Oaks.


Sarah A. Bartlow vs. Wm. Bartlow.

E. V. Blue vs. John W. Taylor.

A. H. Green vs. Emily J. Houston.

C. C. Harris vs. Wm. Bartlow et al.

Nancy A. Rogers vs. J. B. Williams et al.

S. L. Brettun vs. Henry F. Ford et al.

S. L. Brettun vs. Wm. Frederick.

Wm. Fritch vs. Wm. S. Hoff.

Abel D. Bent vs. H. D. Gans.

James Hanlin vs. J. B. Baxter et al.

Cornelius Perry vs. L. Lippman et al.

Mercy M. Funk vs. Heirs of Zimri Stubbs.

W. H. Hitchcock et al vs. J. N. Yerger et al.

M. M. Wells vs. Wm. W. Anderson et al.

James D. Hanlin vs. John Baxter et al.

Peter Yount vs. John D. Headrick Adr.

E. S. BEDILION, Clerk.





A Young Man Shoots His Brother.

Martin Barber, of Dexter, Cowley county, shot and severely wounded his half brother, J. W. Barber, on Friday, the 20th inst.

The circumstances, as we learn them are as follows.

J. W. Barber is rather a dangerous and dissipated man who has been in Texas and on the frontier for eight years previous to last December, when he came to his father's place near the head of Grouse creek in Cowley county, where he has remained until a short time ago. Two or three weeks ago he attempted to perpetrate an outrage upon his half sister, and has conducted himself generally in an outrageous and scandalous manner, threatening to shoot the whole family.

On Sunday, the 14th inst., he came to Howard City, where his father was staying and got in a quarrel with him, threatening to shoot him, etc., but finally agreed that for $125 he would leave the country forever. To this, the old gentleman, Leander Barber, consented and paid him the money, and the young man went back to the home of the family on Grouse creek, where he remained for several days, when he went to Dexter.

About this time, Martin Barber, who is a man of exemplary character, about 23 years of age, returned from Emporia, and was told what had occurred; also, that his brother, J. W., had gone to Lazette and left word for Martin to come and see him. Martin started immediately, and not finding him at Lazette, went on to Dexter and found him. After having a few words together, Martin drew a revolver and fired at J. W., the ball taking effect just below his right ear and coming out under his right eye; inflicting a dangerous but not necessarily fatal wound.

Martin Barber then gave himself up to the authorities of Cowley county, and was taken to Winfield, where he waived a preliminary examination and gave bonds in the sum of $2,000 for his appearance at the next term of the District Court.

J. W. Barber, on Sunday night, after having been wounded on Friday, left Dexter, avowedly for the Indian Nation. He is said to have remarked on leaving that he would yet come back to Howard City and "wake them up," meaning his father and sister.

There seems to be some old grudge existing between J. W. Barber and his father, Leander Barber; what it is we have not heard.

Leander Barber moved to this country some two or three years ago from Bath county, Kentucky.

Martin Barber, the man who did the shooting, has always borne a good character where he was known, and we are convinced that the deed was committed, as he conscientiously believed, in the defense of the lives of his father and sister.

Elk County Ledger.




Coal at Salt City.

SALT CITY, KAS., April 28, 1877.

At a meeting called for the purpose of taking action with regard to the organization of a coal company at this place. On motion Mr. L. Small was elected Chairman and W. E. Chenoweth, Secretary.

A letter was read by Mr. Wm. Berkey, from Todd & Royal, with regard to their proposition, on the shaft already begun. Short speeches were made by the following named persons, concerning the past, present, and future goal prospects: Messrs. Foster, Broadbent, Acton, Mills, Ward, Berry, Chenoweth, Berkey, Reynolds, and Lewis. A lively time was had.

On motion of Mr. Wm. Berkey, an election of five directors for a coal company was ordered. This resulted in the selection of the following gentlemen: George Reynolds, I. H. Hudson, Robert Mills, L. Small, and Wm. Berkey.

Moved and seconded that H. B. Pruden be the Treasurer of the company. On motion, W. E. Chenoweth was chosen Secretary.

Messrs. Berkey and Mills were instructed to confer with Todd & Royal and make arrangements with them on a proposition to proceed with the old shaft.

Motion made by Mr. Lewis that the two men who confer with Todd & Royal meet the Board of Directors on Saturday, May 5th, 1877, at 10 o'clock a.m., and give their report of the result of the conference, and that they invite Todd & Royal to meet the board at that time in the schoolhouse at Salt City.

Motion carried that there be a meeting of the citizens of the vicinity, and all interested parties, at 2 o'clock p.m., at the same place, May 5th, 1877.

Moved and carried that the Arkansas City TRAVELER, Winfield Courier, and Oxford Independent be requested to publish these minutes.

On motion the meeting adjourned.

L. SMALL, Chairman.

W. E. CHENOWETH, Secretary.



TRAVELER, MAY 9, 1877.

RAILROAD MEETING. A railroad meeting will be held at this place in Pearson's Hall, Wednesday, May 14th, at one o'clock, to consider the railway interests of Cowley county. All are invited to be present. Endeavors will be made to have prominent railway men address the meeting.


A correspondent of the Coffeyville Journal, from Muskogee, Indian Territory, under date of April 18th, 1877, says:

John Dean, late of Cowley county, Kansas, who was reported drowned in the Arkansas river, near We-a-lar-ka; Creek Nation, July 1876, circumstantial evidence and partial admission is that he was murdered. The officers of the law are at work.


Did the Representatives of the K. C., E. & S. R. R.

Offer to go Through Winfield?

Letter from Gov. Eskridge.

EMPORIA, KAN., April 30th, 1877.

S. P. Channell, Esq.

DEAR SIR: Your letter of the 27th inst., with copy of Cowley County Telegram, containing a statement of the R. R. committee, of Winfield, came to hand this morning.

You call my attention to the statement of the committee and suggest whether a reply would not be appropriate. I answer, respectfully, no. The high regard I have for the committee forbids a dispute with reference to details merely. It is enough for the people of your county to know that after four different efforts by Mr. Young, and others, to secure the cooperation of the people of Winfield in the construction of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad, we failed to accomplish the object.

It is sufficient to say that upon the last visit made by Mr. Young and myself, the railroad committee, through its chairman, Mr. Smith, informed Mr. Young that they had one railroad proposition before them (the east and west road) and they did not at that time wish to entertain any other. As near as I can remember, those are his exact words.

The provisions of the modified proposition may have still been objectionable to the committee, but its rejection by the committee, so far as we knew, was on the ground solely that they did not wish to entertain it. The committee did not even invite us to its room to hear its conclusions, but sent its chairman to us at the hotel to inform us (if he reported truly, and I have no doubt he did) that they didn't wish to entertain it.

Mr. Young thanked the chairman for his prompt answer, and in a short time thereafter we left town. It is no use to multiply words. Those who have been acting for the people of Winfield know very well why a proposition to aid this road via that place was not agreed upon.

Say to the people of the townships, in which the propositions are now pending, if they want the road, vote the aid and they will get it. Greenwood county has carried the proposition and the survey will commence this week, and then work for the construction will be prepared as fast as possible.

The truth will do to stand by. Mr. Young will be here Wednesday next to commence the location of the route.

Truly yours, C. V. ESKRIDGE.


TRAVELER, MAY 9, 1877.

Railroad Matters in Butler Co.

AUGUSTA, May 2nd, 1877.

R. C. Haywood, Esq.

DEAR SIR: Replying to your letter of the 27th ult., I have to say that the people of the several townships in Butler county, in which propositions are submitted to vote bonds to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad Company are generally wide awake and are deeply interested in the result. We shall vote on the propositions in a few days, and shall then know the result beyond any peradventure. But we feel confident that all the townships will vote the necessary aid to this most important enterprise, and that there will be no questions about the road being built to the south line of this county, from Kansas City, Mo., within 18 months from the time the aid is secured along the whole route to Arkansas City. But should your people fail to vote the aid, I am of the opinion the enterprise will either stop entirely, or seek an outlet in Sumner county. I have seen a number of Sumner county people within the last ten days who are very anxious to have the road built through their county.

It is a good route for the people of Southwestern Kansas, giving us easy access to the capital of our State and other Kansas cities, and brings us into close competition with Chicago, St. Louis, Baltimore, and other Eastern cities, at Kansas City, which is now the focus of railways in the West.

We have no doubt whatever of the financial standing of the men who are backing the project, nor of their good faith in the matter. If the people vote the aid along the proposed line, the railroad will be built on time and there is no question. We are as certain of that as we can be of anything that is not a finality.

It is possible one township in this county may reject the proposition; but if that should be the case, it is also as certain that the proposition will be resubmitted and carried.

Maj. E. P. Bancroft, of Emporia, is in the several townships explaining the facts to the people. He meets with great success, carrying conviction to the minds of the people. They have great confidence in his integrity as a man.

Hoping that you will be successful in your efforts to procure the aid proposed, I remain, respectfully, yours,




TRAVELER, MAY 9, 1877.

From the San Juan Mines.


Editor Traveler:

Supposing that some of my old friends would like to know what I am doing, I will ask for room in your columns to explain. I am mining red hot, but my partner being on the sick report this evening, I have to stay in. I have a one-fourth interest in twelve mines, and have been offered five thousand dollars for some of them, but think I can do better. I think I can stick to the Mountains one year more and then leave satisfied. I have not done much this winter but prepare for the summer. My prospects now are flattering, but boys, take my advice, and don't come out here strapped.

A man coming out here dead broke, knowing nothing about the country or mining, and a regular tenderfoot (as we call 'em out here), will be in a bad row of stumps, for I have tried it. But a man can do well here if he has a little money, and if he has property there, such as land or town property, or any kind of stock, he can trade for mines. You can trade anything you have there for mines, but grasshoppersCanything from a Nova Scotia gentleman cow to a South American sea crab, for their real value.

Lake City is a red hot little town of two years, and about fifteen hundred inhabitants. Has good churches, good schools, good society, and about seventy-five business houses. It is situated on the Gunnison river at the junction of the Gunnison and Henson rivers, between two large mountains on the east and west side, river running north. There is one smelter in the edge of town and one a mile up the Gunnison river, that is all there are in this camp, but I think one year more will bring lots of them. There is a lively little paper in Lake City called the Silver World, and it is just such another as the TRAVELER, all the time getting off something.

Please accept my compliments, and don't forget old Bill Wilson.

Yours truly,




TRAVELER, MAY 9, 1877.


Twelve hundred head of cattle belonging to Mr. Buckley passed up the trail last Friday. The first herd were wintered in the Territory, and were to be driven to the Red Cloud Agency, Nebraska. Four hundred ponies passed up Saturday, for Great Bend, Kansas. Nine hundred and fifty through cattle passed up yesterday.

L. A. E. Hodge, Agency physician, reports a number of deaths among the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians.

Several hundred acres of prairie breaking is to be let to the lowest bidder to be broken in various places. Each Indian to receive as many acres of breaking as he will break for himself.

Loafers and horse thieves stand but little show in this country now. A man found without a pass, who cannot give a pretty good account of himself, stands a pretty good chance of spending a few nights in the guard house. Thus the peace of the country is preserved.




TRAVELER, MAY 9, 1877.

The following parties received certificates at the examination held in Winfield on the fourth and fifth instant.

First Grade: Miss Lena Bartlett, Miss M. E. Saint, Winfield; Mr. W. E. Ketcham, Maple City.

Second Grade: Anna O. Wright, Carrie Dixon, Georgia Christian, Stella Burnett, Arkansas City; Sarah Hollingsworth, Polo; Lucy Bedell, Lazette; Mary Pontius, Winfield; Veva Walton, Oxford; Adelia Eagin, Rock.



Arkansas City Traveler, May 9, 1877.

Council met in regular session, at the office of I. H. Bonsall, Monday, May 75h, James Benedict acting Mayor; J. I. Mitchell, H. P. Farrar, Ho. Godehard, I. H. Bonsall, Councilmen.

Judge Christian reported on his trip to Winfield to redeem city lots sold for taxes, but not paying all taxes due, they were not redeemed.

Bill of E. D. Eddy allowed.

Bill of R. C. Haywood, $6.65, referred to Finance Committee.

Petition of L. W. Currier's for dram shop license, containing 125 names, referred to City Clerk, I. H. Bonsall, and City Attorney, Amos Walton.

On motion the Council adjourned to meet Tuesday evening at 7 o'clock.



TRAVELER, MAY 9, 1877.

STRAW HATS are in vogue now.

Mr. Newman has wheat that has headed.

Jeffers has a boy, and Hawthorne a girl.

A child of Mr. Garris was buried yesterday.

Mr. Estus is building a good frame building.

Chet Ward sold his blacksmith shop to Felton & Wood.

Haywood sold three mowing machines to the Osage Agent this week.

Old Mr. Sweet is living with his son George at Alleghany, Pennsylvania.

Rev. Wingar expects to be absent three or four weeks on a tour to recuperate.

E. C. Hawkins has his cane mill ready for work waiting for the time to come.

Salt City was represented last Saturday by Wm. Berkey and

H. B. Pruden.

Ladies always meet a cordial reception and prompt attention at Wilson's Central Store.

Rev. David Thompson supplied the pulpit of the First Church last Sunday evening.

Will Mowry was learning city life in Wichita this week. He returned Monday evening.

Charley Hawkins, Rev. Blevins, and old Mr. Terry were married last week. All widowers.

J. L. Stubbs and wife, escorted by Monateur De La Ed. Finney, will be at this place May 16th.

COURT began last Monday. There are 92 cases on the docket, and six days will probably complete the term.

According to the announcement some time ago, Bishop Vail will preach at the First Church next Friday evening.

MR. WM. COOMBS will have native lumber for sale next week, and will contract for the cutting and hauling of fire wood.

RYE. RUSSELL COWLES left us a sample of rye, yesterday, measuring three and one half feet long, with a head of 6-1/2 inches.

DIED. On Tuesday, May 1st, Mrs. Smith, wife of R. W. Smith, living east of the Walnut. The old lady had been lingering for two years.

SID MAJOR, at the Central Hotel, Winfield, will be glad to meet all his acquaintances during court week. The Central is the best hotel in the city.

The blackbirds are eating young grasshoppers by the thousands. Where there were millions a few weeks ago, there are now comparatively few.

TERRY WOODYARD has put up a bench in Kellogg & Hoyt's store and will arrange the machinery of your watch so that it will keep sun or railroad time.

MR. KELLOGG, registrar of Sedgwick County, and G. W. Seevey, of Hoopstown, Ill., called on us last week. Mr. Seevey was looking for a suitable location for a bank.


HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN. Almost from the beginning of Arkansas City, the firm of Houghton & McLaughlin has been a familiar household word with the people of Cowley and Sumner counties. Other firms have started, changed hands, and finally gave way to the grasshopper and Indian panics, yet the "Old Reliable Green Front" has pursued its onward course, until now we find them occupying a building one hundred feet long, on one side of the street, filled with dry goods, clothing, and every conceivable article of apparel, while on the opposite side is their grocery and queens-ware department, almost as large. Their trade is by no means confined to this county alone, but reaches far to the western border and almost to Texas. During the year 1874, their trade with the Osage Indians alone, for four months, amounted to $30,000; and since then, they have been parties to a contract with the Kaws, Osages, Pawnees, Cheyenne & Arrapahoes, Wichitas, Caddoes, and affiliated bands, Kiowas, and Comanches. Having the advantage of buying largely, they buy cheap; and selling a large quantity of goods, they can afford to sell at a smaller margin. Last week their spring stock arrived, and it is now displayed on their avenue shelves. To all who have not seen them, or made a visit to the new store, it will pay to go.


A BOTANICAL RARITY. Mr. James Wilson, who has recently become one of our citizens, and who has long been known in this State, and to eastern botanists, as an enthusiastic lover of ferns, informs us that in one of his fern hunts in the beautiful canons that reach out from the Walnut river, and form a prominent feature of its romantic scenery, he has found among other species of rock ferns, one that has long been a disideratum amongst botanistsCthe rare and pretty little Nothalaena dealbata. He speaks of it as being very abundant in this neighborhood, and although for the past ten years Eastern botanists have been writing to him for specimens, he has never been able to find it until now.

At present its delicate little pods are half grown, and when its spores begin to expandCwhich will probably be in August, he will be glad to send carefully prepared specimens to Eastern botanists or others who may be interested in this, his favorite branch of botany. In the "Naturalists Directory," published a few months ago, his address was Leavenworth, Kansas. Naturalists will please notice that his address is changed to Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas.


ROSE'S HORSE. A little fun, meant entirely for a joke, came near resulting in a serious matter a few days since, in the peaceful township of Bolton. It was something after the following manner. A young man was in the habit of calling on a young lady. One evening not long past, he came as usual, tied his horse to the wagon, and went into the house. When he was ready to return home, his horse was gone, and he had to "foot it." A day or two passed and the horse did not return, and search began, with no result. Then vigilance committees were talked of, and orders given to one of the parties concerned to find that horse. Before violent measures were taken, the animal was found stuck in the mud, some distance from where it was turned loose.


One of the most cowardly, sneaking, detestable, and little tricks was perpetrated on Mr. L. C. Carrier, Monday night, that has been brought to our observation for some time. Evidently it has been some enemy of the man who has not the courage to speak to him or of him; but in the darkness of night, sought not only to ruin the name of the man but to drag down his family and connections. We refer to the obscene sign placed alongside of his house. The gentleman so grossly insulted can have the satisfaction, however, that the act is denounced as contemptible by every pure minded citizen.


UNIVERSAL FAIR. Mr. A. F. Wood, advance agent of the combination troupe of universal wonders, called on us last week and left a huge advertisement of their wonderful world's exposition and grand amusement organization. The animals of this paragon exhibition of the age, were wintered at St. Louis, Mo., and not being worn out by travel and exposure, are fat, lively, and manifesting exuberance of spirits. In the afternoon a free balloon ascension will be made if the weather is favorable, and an opportunity offered to view the landscape over.


PEACHES. ELISHA PARKER left with us a sprig from a peach tree, two feet in length, that contained eighty peaches about the size of a large grain of wheat. They were in clusters of three and four each, and had not been hurt by the frost.


In addition to the World's Fair to be held at this place next Monday, the Osage Indians propose giving a public war dance for a small contribution to be donated by the crowd. Many would rather witness their wild freaks than the trained actions of horse and riders. Come in anyway, and see the fun, whether you go to the show or not.


DEXTER, April 27th. Born to Mr. and Mrs. Merydith, Friday, April 20th, a ten pound daughter. The grasshoppers are sick, and are about to take a relapse on account of the cold rains. A railroad meeting was held at the schoolhouse on the 20th, to cuss and discuss railway matters in general. HUGO S.


TWO PETITIONS FOR A SALOON LICENSE were presented to the city council at their meeting Monday evening: one of L. C. Currier's with 125 names; and one of Vice and Newcome with 131 names. A remonstrance of 152 names was also presented. To obtain a license, it requires the names of a majority of the residents over twenty-one years of age, and as the Council had no census of the city, it was left with the City Clerk and Attorney to determine how many residents the city contained.


BOOTS & SHOES. We desire to call the special attention of our readers to the advertisement in this issue, of T. E. Gilleland's Boot and Shoe Store, at Winfield. Mr. Gilleland is an experienced leather merchant and understands himself perfectly. His stock is probably the best to be found in the Southwest, and his prices as cheap or cheaper than any other house. The first time you are at the county seat, give him a call and learn his prices.


NEW DRUG STORE. In another column will be seen the advertisement of L. H. Gardner & Co., who have opened a lot of pure, fresh drugs, and liquors, and offer them to the public at reasonable rates. Anything in the drug line can be purchased of them, and they will be very glad to have you given them a trial.



Have opened a Drug Store in the new building south of Benedict's store, and have just received a large and fresh supply of Drugs, Patent Medicines, Chemicals, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, and Pure Liquor for Medicinal Purposes.

Physicians' Prescriptions Carefully Compounded by an Experienced Druggist, at any hour of the day or night.



The work on the countering and shelving of Newman's store room, now occupied by Houghton & McLaughlin, displays workmanship equal to any we have seen in the State. The counters are made with black walnut tops, of one board two feet in width, with oak and pecan finish, giving it a rich appearance and finish.


We take pleasure in announcing that Capt. Nipp's wife is not dead, as reported. A neighbor of Mr. Nipp's died (Mrs. Olds); and the report was circulated that it was Mrs. Nipp. The Captain says his wife never was in better health, and was wonderfully surprised when she read her own death notice.


JONES, of Rock Creek, while on his way to the Territory with some stock, camped near the bluffs north of town, and noticed a wolf carrying food to a hole. He dug to the end of the hole and found six young wolves, which he took with him, intending to raise them for watch dogs.


A team, wagon, and plow were stolen from Hutchinson, Kansas, on Monday, May 1st, and the thief tracked this way. The horses were a black and roan, and the wagon "Whitewater" make. One of the parties in pursuit was in town last Sunday.


GEORGE ALLEN and FRANK SPEERS have made a number of new signs lately that were well lettered. Among others that of the "Arkansas City House"Ca new boarding house just opened by Mr. Williams, one door above the Bakery.


PONY STOLEN. On last Wednesday, Charles Cobaugh, a boy fourteen years of age, in the employ of A. M. Smythia, rode off on a black mare pony, the property of Mr. Smythia. Nothing has been heard of him since he left.


LUMBER YARD. MESSRS. PARKER and CANFIELD have opened a lumber yard near A. O. Porter's blacksmith shop, and have all kinds of pine lumber and shingles. Orders for large or small quantities promptly filled.


Will keep on hand a full supply of finished lumber, Doors, Sash, Blinds, etc., and desire the public to call and see them at A. O. Porter's old stand. They propose to sell cheap for cash.


The applications for the next term of the public school at this place, beginning in September, will be acted on by the Board soon, and the award made. Prof. Bacon and Edwin Thompson have applied, up to this date.


It is reported that Mrs. Couchman, formerly of this place, obtained a divorce from her husband and married a very wealthy old gentleman, interested in the lead mines near Joplin, Mo.


GOLD. We received a tasty little box filled with specimens of gold, from a Colorado mine now being worked by Jack McLay. A letter from him will be seen in another column.


SILVERDALE is not without noted characters, even Knights of the Green Cloth are represented, and all the spare change of several individuals passes freely over on the turn of a card.


MARRIED. REV. BLEVINS was married last week to Miss Pitt. Mr. Blevins always has endeavored to follow the teachings of the good book, and in this case, has helped an ox from the Pitt.


MRS. J. E. NYE, at Washington, Lorain county, Ohio, is very anxious to learn the whereabouts of her brother, C. M. Brandt, who resided at this place a few months ago.



TRAVELER, MAY 9, 1877.

Worth Remembering.

We have divided our stock of goods, moving all but the groceries, queens, and glassware to the new brick store, and hereafter no groceries leave the old green front until settled for with cash or ready pay. "Please make a personal application." Respectfully,



MILLET SEED in large or small quantities at Berry Bros.



On and after May 20th, 1877, I will have native lumber for sale at my place 12 miles northeast of Arkansas City. I wish also at that time to sell a large quantity of fire wood, and will let contracts for cutting and hauling the same. Parties wanting anything in the shape of native lumber or wood can apply to me personally, or leave their orders at the office of Mitchell & Channell. WM. COOMBS.


MULES. I have several good mules and four tracts of land I will sell reasonable.





The past week has added materially to railroad prospects of Kansas City. Let us see:

The road from Ottawa to Emporia, 45 miles, has been under contract for completion for some time. The vote of Greenwood county in favor of the subscription, has secured its extension from Emporia by way of Eureka to the west and south line of the county. From Eureka the road branchesCone to Augusta, in Butler county; the other to Howard City, in Elk county. From Eureka to Augusta it is 30 miles, and from Eureka to Howard City it is 22 milesCin all from Emporia, 92 miles of road. From Ottawa to Emporia it is 45 milesCan aggregate of 137 miles of new road, we may accept as secured.

This road will, we have no doubt, be soon provided for at Arkansas City, a distance of 40 miles more. At Howard City we are within 30 miles of the Indian Territory, and at Arkansas City, at the line. A glance at the map will show that these roads give an outlet to the country east of the Arkansas river to Kansas City and St. Louis and ChicagoCmuch cheaper, in one-tenth the time, and to better markets than any proposed line direct east. In time these roads will be extended so as to still further accommodate the country. With these lines completed, there will scarcely be a farm in all Southern Kansas east of the Arkansas river that will be twenty miles from a railroad station.

And to secure these accommodations, the people are only taxed upon $4,000 per mile, whereas under the former system, it was from $15,000 to $20,000 per mile. At the cost by the present plan, these 137 miles of road are to be built on an aggregate subscription of $585,000 upon the people of seven counties. Under the old system, it would at the minimum have cost a subscription of $2,055,000, or nearly four times that much. We congratulate the people of Southwestern Kansas on their escape from the burden of their older neighbors in Kansas and Missouri.

Then there is another road that we may count on as securedCthat from Florence on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe to Eldorado, in Butler County, a distance of thirty miles. The bonds of the townships of Prospect and El Dorado in that county were voted last Tuesday by a practically unanimous vote, and the contract having been let, work on the line has commenced. This is really a branch of the above road, and will be operated by it.

When we look at the map, with these lines all provided for, the future is secureCfor west of the Arkansas will be penetrated, not by new roads projected from other points, but by extensions of these lines, as the settlement and business of the country demands. The past week has been one of the most important to Kansas City for ten years, and because these things took place so far away and from under our immediate notice, makes them none the less so. Journal.




The changes and different phases assumed by the railroad question in Cowley county are so frequent and numerous that we confess our inability to keep pace, and have about come to the conclusion to abandon the field for one in which we feel a greater interest and which we regard as less susceptible of change.

We now learn that the compromise measures between the two factions in that county, to which we called attention to last week, failed to meet the approval of all parties, and hence failed of a confirmation, and each party took the field independently and on their own hook, not only each to labor for the advancement of their own pet measure, but at the same time to do what they might be able to accomplish the defeat of the other party.

In this manner the county was thoroughly canvassed by both parties, securing signatures to petitions. As the result, a petition was presented to the Commissioners on Monday, signed by over 1,900 pretended bona fide residents and legal voters of said county, praying for the submission to a vote of the question of issuing the bonds of the county in aid of the Memphis, Parsons & Ellsworth Western Branch Railroad, and the election was ordered to take place on the 22nd day of May.

The petitions heretofore circulated with a view to extending aid to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad were not presented for the consideration of the Board.

The proposition submitted is destined to meet with a good deal of opposition from the people of the county, and our neighbors of Winfield will very soon learn whether they are able to manipulate and engineer the people of the entire county, to the end that they may build up a little kingdom on the Walnut. We shall see. Our limited space precludes further comment at present. Oxford Independent.




Railroad Talk.

Since the panic of 1873 there has not been so much railroad talk as we hear now. The difficulty experienced by the people of Elk, Chautauqua, and Cowley counties in moving their crops for the past year or two have made them feel that they must have a railroad of some kind and from some direction. The most natural hope on their part is for the extension of a road from Independence westward, and we believe it is conceded on all hands that this is what they want first of all. But they have talked railroad so much that like most of the people they have resolved to have one at any price and whatever line it may be.

There are several other proposed lines, all of them we think impracticable. There is some talk of using the old grade from Thayer across to Fredonia, Wilson County, and extending it thence to Howard City, through Elk County, and on goodness only knows where. That would be a road commencing nowhere and terminating at the same place.

Then there's the infant wonder, Parsons, wanting to raise the wind in some way, lest she shall lose all her laurels since the east and west road has been extended to Oswego. So there is a proposed narrow gauge line from Parsons, meandering through Wilson, taking in some little hamlets that have been long since thirsting for glory, running down in Elk County by a southwesterly course, entirely flanking Independence. This would be a nice thing for Parsons, if nothing more, as it would require breaking bulk there, thus compelling all the shipments from the west to pay tribute to that enterprising terminus of the narrow gauge.

Then there is the proposed extension of the road from Emporia southward, but this would only penetrate Sumner and Cowley, leaving Chautauqua and Elk as bad off as they are now.

The extension of a road from Independence westward would of course settle all other proposed projects, and to this we are called upon to address ourselves now. In getting the Southern Kansas road here, we of course have to pay for it, and it is but natural that we should want to retain the terminus as long as possible; though we have never thought the extension of the road westward would have the effect anticipated by some. However, we may set it down that none of these lines will be extended except by local aid in the way of bonds; and it is certain, also, that Montgomery County will vote no railroad bonds at all. She has seen the danger, suffered the penalty, and it is idle to talk of county aid. So that the only aid of that character in this county must be by townships, if at all. Louisburg township would vote bonds to get the road.

We think that the best outlay in the direction of aid to railroads now is for the extension of the Missouri & Western from Oswego here, thus giving us a direct line to St. Louis, securing competition in rates, and at the same time securing to Independence the termini of both roads, or compelling one of the roads to push on further westward without any aid from us. That would certainly be killing two birds with one stone. Independence Tribune.




[For the TRAVELER.]

Who Tells the Truth.

The citizens of Winfield are continually asserting that they were never opposed to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern road. If this was the case, how do they explain the fact that they sent along with the so-called east and west petition, a remonstrance against the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern road; and if they had presented the remonstrance, as they intended to do, and had paid counsel to do, in case a petition for the north and south road (as they were pleased to call it) was presented, would that have shown any opposition to the road?

Why is it that you so continually assert that you were willing to give $100,000 for a north and south road; and that was sufficient, and yet insist now in bonding the county to the amount of $120,000 for a road that terminates northeast at the same place the north and south road, which you oppose, terminates?

And how is it that you rejected all propositions to run the east and west road either west or south after it reached your place?

And how was it you were so careful in a proposition, which was dictated by yourselves, to mention no point between Lazette and Winfield, and thus give a chance to leave nearly the whole Grouse valley out in the cold and make them tributary to


It seems as though in attempting to bury a rival, you had miscalculated the judgment and sense of the common people in other parts of the county, and had forgotten that possibly the farmers and producers of the county and in the townships, might think it well to look out for their own interests, as you were looking out for yours.

You forgot that the farmers of Beaver and Vernon, who have large crops of grain to market, might say that they would not as leave haul one or two thousand bushels of wheat ten miles as three miles, and that they might consider themselves as on the direct line of the road, and as having to pay for it the same as Winfield; and therefore entitled to its benefit the same.

And you forgot that they would trust you a great deal quicker in regard to the road going in, if you had made provision for it, than they would on your mere assertion that some time it would.

And when you thought that the farmers of lower Grouse could not see that a very little twist west, instead of east, would give them several miles more hauling to market their grain, you underrated their perception.

And again, when you told the tale that the eastern end of the road was completed to Memphis; when you told in Nennescah, for the sake of getting petitioners, that it was the Fredonia road; when you told that the franchises were worked up to our county lineCyou forgot that these county people might take the trouble to look the matter up, and finding untruth in the beginning, might not trust any of your assertions, and brand you for a sham.




May 8th, 1877.

In traveling over the country, I find there is a great difference in the appearance of the growing grain. Some fields look very well while others look poorly. The corn and potatoes that were above ground before the frost, last week, were all killed by that frost. Of course, they will all come up again. Peaches look very well; the frost did them no damage. The grasshoppers do not seem to be doing anything at present. Perhaps they are filing their teeth to use on the coming crop.

Every voter in this part of the county is going to vote against the east and west paper railroad. The grave Winfield dug to bury Arkansas City will now be used for the interment of her own selfish carcass, so think the people of this section. For one, I think she ought to be kept from having a railroad for the next ten years in payment for her infernal greed in trying to keep Arkansas City from getting either road. Alas! For the rarity of Winfield charity, in this respect.

A young blood, who is said to be one of Eldorado's merchants in the jewelry line, was down a short time ago, and while here, created quite a sensation among the young people near the mouth of Grouse creek; was also the cause of a large amount of saffron taking. In other words, he gave the measles to all the young folks he had the good fortune to be "knocked down" to. He tried to give his heart to one or two fair damsels on Grouse, but they thought he acted spoony, so they shipped him. He then got a gentleman to take him up the Arkansas about three miles, where lives the prettiest girl in Cowley county. He was just about to offer himself, a sacrifice on the shrine of the beautiful goddess (of course, we will say Venus), when, oh, terror! The God Apollo (in the person of an old white haired man, of the old school) smote him with his thunderbolt of wrath and told him to leave his realm instanter. The greenhorn struck an attitude then that no artist's pencil could portray, no matter how good he might be at sketching.

We will state here that the soft, silly, sickish-and-flat, had never seen the last mentioned lady before his visit. It was clearly a case of love at first sight. It is a pity that the gods of truth and decency did not annihilate the reptile on the spot. We suppose, owing to the eternal fitness of things, he got away with his miserable life. He will very likely go back to the land of gold, where Venus and Apollo will no more trouble him in his blissful ignorance. No doubt he thinks, "Tis folly to be wise," under the circumstances. We will state for the benefit of the El Ddorado merchant, that if he ever comes back to find out how a young lady's health is, or to ask permission to correspond with her, without any previous acquaintance, he will get scalded, and a split stick put on his--his--him. So mote it be.




TRAVELER, MAY 16, 1877.

[For the Traveler.]

A Few Inquiries.

The last resort of a weak case is to accuse your adversary of lying, and this is the disease in Winfield, and especially in the Courier office.

The arguments in favor of the Parsons narrow gauge are so thick they are not distinguishable when spread on paper. They have advocated the road with all the vim and powder at their command. Now in the closing days of the canvass, they see the props that have supported the enterprise, falling one by one, and the Courier, in agony of despair, stamps Arkansas City as a den of liars, and does not stop short of attacking the ministry to further the dying cause.

Good reader, imagine the man who, with the aid of the best of counsel and a thorough trial of a year or more in court, was able to present to the world by the court's own verdict, that his character was worth just one cent, accusing a community as a set of liars. Look up this man's record and see if he is a fit person to advise Cowley County as to her railroad interests, and whether he labors for the people in general or his own mercenary self.

Now what good does this originator of the Parsons & Puget Sound railroad give you for supporting this road at the polls?

First. Because it gives you direct connection with St. Louis. How? By breaking bulk in the line of the L. L. & G. R. R. and at Parsons on the M. K. & T. R. R. The distance between the two roads is so great that it affords no competition.

Second. Because the company is composed of substantial men, who are able to and will build the railroad if aid is voted. Matthewson, of Parsons, is the only man who is ever publicly referred to as one of the company; and they say he proposes to put twenty thousand dollars in the enterprise, enough to build a common flouring mill or build two or three miles of road.

The people ask: "Who composes the company that proposes to build the Parsons railroad, and have they the financial standing and means to build the road?

The "mouth piece" of Cowley County replies by giving the names of a contracting party and their standing, who are ready to build the road, or any other, provided they are paid for it. With equal consistency the manager of the Courier might define his finances by giving the names and financial standing of the parties with whom he contracts to furnish type, paper, etc.

Now, Mr. Courier, why don't you tell the people of Cowley County what you know to be the facts, in an honest and square way?

Why don't you tell the people that the proposition in support of the Parsons road was originated and written in Winfield for the sole purpose of defeating a fair proposition from the north that was being presented to the county? And that when the citizens of Tisdale asked for their town to be mentioned as one of the points, Hamilton replied that he could not do it, as the proposition was gotten up in Winfield!

Why don't you tell the people that in getting the names on your petition, you searched the graveyards, the townships in Sumner County, and the tax rolls of years ago, and to further the getting of names, you represented to men who did not read the petition that the road was to run in their immediate vicinity?

Why don't you tell the people about the financial standing of Hamilton, Matthew-son, and other men who comprise the company, living at Cherokee, Neodesha, and Winfield, and whether they know anything about building railroads, or have a dollar to put in the enterprise, and not dodge the question by giving the history of men who will do the work, if they are paid for it?

Why don't you tell the people that Missouri knows nothing of the line from Parsons to St. Louis? That no aid has been voted to such a project, nor can the road be built in the next five years?

Why don't you tell the people that the necessary number of petitioners in Tollerand and Dutch Creek townships, in Wilson County, cannot be obtained to call an election on the lines of your road, and that in Elk County you just barely obtained names enough to call an election, after working at it three weeks? That Howard City is solid against the proposition and Longton is divided, and that you haven't a ghost of a chance to carry this county?

Why don't you tell the people that the road is ridiculed at Parsons, and that the people there have no confidence in it, and that many citizens of Winfield strongly denounce the road as having no foundation, and say they will vote against the proposition; that you are urging the enterprise sprung to defeat another, simply to save yourself from failure, at the risk of tying up the county seven months on a bogus proposition?

Why don't you tell the people that these things, which you know to be facts, are true? And not answer honest inquiries by calling those who know something of this enterprise liars, etc.? Truth is stronger than fiction.




TRAVELER, MAY 16, 1877.

[For the Traveler.]

Facts Against Fancy.

Proof Against Bald Assertion.

A single glance at the map of Kansas will convince the most skeptical that all the twaddle about the east and west project to Parsons being the most direct route to market, for the farmers of Cowley, it is all boshCmere clap-trap. Men may prate about

Chicago, St. Louis, and other eastern cities being a market for our surplus products. So are London, Liverpool, Paris, Glasgow, and other places, consumers of our produce; but is there one buyer in a hundred that ships to these places? No, not one in a thousand.

What the produce raiser wants is a market near home. This we have in Kansas City, the emporium of the New West, and to that point we must look for our sales and purchases, whether we like it or not. "Larger ships may venture more, but little boats must keep near shore." Large dealers may ship East, but the smaller ones must look to Kansas City as a rallying point. This being an admitted fact, the question of the utmost importance to the wheat and grain raisers of the Arkansas and Walnut valleys is, how to get there by the most direct route?

We say that the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad is the most direct route that has been discussed, and is now before the people.

Arkansas City is in township 34, south range 4 east. Kansas City is in township 11, range 26 eastC196 miles in a straight line northeast. Parsons, the terminus of what is cunningly called the east and west road, is in township 31, south range 20 east, directly south of Lawrence.

Now count the distance by sections from Arkansas City up the Walnut to Augusta, Butler County; thence to Eureka, in Greenwood County; thence to Emporia, in Lyon County; thence to Ottawa, Franklin County; thence to Kansas City, our market. You will find the distance is 233 miles.

Then take the Parsons route to Elk City, thence to Parsons, thence by M., K. & T. road (broad gauge) to Kansas City, and you have 241 milesCeight miles the longer route to Kansas City, our natural outlet.

So much for this boasted east and west route being the most direct. You see it is all moonshine and a delusion.

Citizens of Cowley, you who will have to pay dearly for this bogus road if it is ever built (which you are satisfied it never will), think of these matters before you go to the polls on next Tuesday to cast your ballots for a road that has neither life nor vitality; but, aside from the injustice it would entail on two-thirds of the taxpayers of our county, come out in your might, and strangle the bastard institution at its inception.



TRAVELER, MAY 16, 1877.

From Tisdale.

TISDALE, May 14th, 1877.

Editor Traveler:

DEAR SIR: I attended the grand mass meeting held at Winfield, on Saturday last, and a grand affair it was. Some gentleman from the south part of Rock Township, I believe, was elected Chairman, and Cliff Wood of Winfield, was elected Secretary. Manning was called upon to explain the object of the meeting, and in his sonorous monotones made some statements about the Pikes Peak and Puget Sound Railroad, Winfield branch, and from his own statements, there is no likelihood of his road being built at all.

He was followed by a gentleman by the name of Rushbridge, I think, who lives at Winfield and is a preacher. Rushbridge made a rampant political speech about railroads in general, and in particular, in favor of the Parsons road and against the

K. C., E. & S. Railroad, and not particularly against the citizens of Arkansas City.

He said he knew the Parsons Railroad Company was substantial and that they would build the road. But when Mitchell asked him something about it, he could not even tell who its President is, and referred to General Peanut agent Manning.

Then followed Mitchell in a short speech in answer to the others, and Judge Hackney then made some statements about "escrow." This meeting appeared to me to be a fight between two or three little villages and a few individuals, and nothing about what railroads are needed in Cowley County.

It may be best to always consult the towns about railroads, but it seems to me the farmers might be entitled to be consulted once in awhile as they will have to pay for the roads when built. If this Parsons road is the same one which broke up some time since, over east, it is a humbug from beginning to end. I think it is the same Company, as some of the directors, at least in this company, are the same persons who were members of that company; and they busted up completely over there and could not pay the hands who did the grading; and I believe they still owe the workmen for the grade done on the same road at and near Brownsville.

I don't think the people of Tisdale want anything to do with this fraud, and you will see that their votes say the same at the election. The extreme wet weather probably kept the farmers from the meeting; and the city of Winfield, being the only part of the county represented to any great extent, had it their own way generally.

I believe there were but two persons from Vernon, two from Rock, four from Tisdale, three or four from Creswell, two from Dexter, and two from Lazette, and the balance from Winfield.

On the general wind-up they passed a resolution that we, the people of Cowley county, in mass meeting assembled, etc., favor the Parsons railroad project. The number voting in favor of the resolution as announced by the chairman was 51, and no announcement was made as to those opposed. I should think there were at least 25 votes in the negative, as I know there were at least that many persons present who do not favor the Puget Sound fraud.

Rushbridge had the manhood to move to strike out the word "the" in the resolution before "people" or "citizens," and Amos Walton had the charity to move to insert "we, the citizens of Winfield," and someone else had the ignorance to move to lay the amendments on the table, which would have taken the resolution with it, but Hackney's tactics defeated the amendments, and the General Peanut boy moved the passage of the original resolution; and it was carried with the result before given.



TRAVELER, MAY 16, 1877.

Levi Wilson was awarded the contract for supplying corn at Fort Leavenworth, yesterday, at 89 cents per hundred, and oats at $1.18 per hundred.

James E. Fenlon was awarded the contract for corn and oats at Fort Sill, Gibson, and Reno.

Major Adams, Manhattan, the contract for Fort Riley; 94 cents per hundred pounds corn, $1.50 on oats; and an honest granger got the contract for Fort Dodge; delivered at Newton, corn, $1.10.

A. C. Keever, of Topeka, contract for Dodge, oats, $4.65, delivered at Newton.

Some experienced grain men say that some of the bills are very low.

James E. Fenlon, at Ft. Sill, corn $1.41, oats $1.97; at Fort Reno, corn $1.59, oats $1.97; at Fort Reno, corn $1.59, oats $2.47; Fort Gibson, corn $1.27, oats $2.07.

Leavenworth Items, Kansas City Journal.




Put up your window and door screens.

How do you take your butterCwith onions?

Dr. Kellogg and wife returned from Iowa last week.

The street preacher failed to make his appearance last Saturday.

COUNTY SCRIPT is at par, and there is $5,000 [? $3,000 ?] in the county treasury.

The Arkansas and Walnut rivers were both full to the banks Monday.

J. L. Stubbs and Edward Finney with their wives are expected today.

ALFALFA. Frank Lorry left us a sample of alfalfa last week measuring two feet.

One man in the calaboose Monday night. It is a cold, lonesome looking place.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. L. C. Wood, Sunday, May 13th, a daughter. Weight 12 pounds.


The amount of taxes paid into the county treasury to May 1st reaches $37,000. On May 1st last year it was $35,000.

One of the monkeys of the side show jumped upon Wm. Berkey as he was passing it, and left the print of its teeth in his arm.

I. H. BONSALL and A. W. PATTERSON found it impossible to attend the railroad meeting at Sedan last week on account of high water.

SUMNER COUNTY is circulating a petition to call an election for the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad, to be extended from Cowley County, west.

THE CONTRACT for repairing the El Paso bridge across the Arkansas river was let by the County Board of Sumner County. The lowest bid was $350. Work is to be begun immediately.



We are pleased to announce the location among us of Doctors W. W. and W. A. McCormick, of Fredonia, Kansas. Both are medical men of no small reputation, and are bound to make friends.


The bridge across the Walnut is to be completed by June 2nd. Work on the piers has begun and the material for the iron span is at Wichita. Mr. Bullene, of Leaven-worth, has the contract.


MARRIED. On Thursday evening, May 3rd, at Osage Agency, Indian Territory, by Rev. Fleming, Mr. J. L. Stubbs and Miss Gertrude Finney, both of that place. Further notice will be given next week.


R. R. MEETING IN BOLTON. Meetings will be held at Bland's school house next Wednesday evening, and at Theaker's schoolhouse Friday, May 25th, to engage in free discussion over the railway interests of Bolton Township.


THE SHOW. Owing to the inclemency of the weather during the forenoon of Monday, and the raising of the streams, the people east of the Walnut and Grouse, as well as the Indians, were prevented from attending the exhibition. Eight cages contained all the animals, and the performances of horseback riders, contortionists, trapeze gymnasts, etc., lasted about two hours and a half. In the side show close by were a few monkeys, a bear, and little separate apartments, where the unwary were enticed to risk money on a lottery scheme, or be swindled by a female phrenologist. One young man, whose name we refrain from making public out of charity for him, put up $20 on an envelope said to contain $30, and lost his money. As he had no witnesses, the matter had to go by unheeded by the officers of the law, yet we hope has not been entirely thrown away, as it should make him a wiser and better man.


MARRIAGE LICENSES. The following are the marriage licenses issued by the Probate Judge during the months of April and May.

Levi Stump and Alice Mann.

Franklin P. Shuth and Amanda Vaneter.

Thos. D. Berry and Helen Wright.

John M. Reed and Elizabeth Ross.

W. D. Sitten and Sarah E. Rea.

Joseph Disser and Katy Birdzell.

Thomas Larkin and Martha Hayden.

John Blevins and Jennie Pitt.

Francis Knox and Mary Moyse.

J. V. D. Terry and Sarah Boyd.

Elijah C. Hawkins and Cynthiana Shaw.

W. H. Frazee and Susannah Morehead.

James H. Vance and Jennie McGauhy.

Chas. F. Allison and Sarah Toplin.

John Devore and Penlope Seacatt [? not sure of her name]

Geo. H. Dwyer and China Baldwin.

Robert Dewett and Corba Red.

The total number of marriage licenses issued in Cowley County since August 16, 1870, is 553; the first being to John D. Brown and Malinda Winscott, and the next to A. A. Jackson. The old docket is nearly worn out, but the Judge has a new one ready, so that there need be no delay.


DEXTER was a live town last Friday. Monroe's show was in the place, and many of the people of the surrounding country had gathered there. During their stay, Mr. Levi Miller, of Beaver Creek, was relieved of $90 he had just received of Mr. Wiley, in payment for some cattle, and several others found an opportunity to pay $2.00 for a phrenological chart. Mr. Miller claimed his pocket was picked, but the parties who paid $2 for the chart claimed the woman made it out without their consent and then demanded the fee. They at first refused, but seeing shoulder strikers nearby ready for any emergency, concluded it was better to pay the sum than fight. One young man, however, drew a pistol and showed fight, and was allowed to go free.


SHOOTING AFFRAY AT CEDAR VALE. On last Thursday, John Bybee, of Cedar Vale, had some words with Jesse Peterson, of the same place, which finally resulted in a quarrel, during which Peterson grabbed a carbine and shot Bybee in the head; the ball entering behind the ear and coming out in the jaw. Both have been residents of Cedar Vale for some time and the quarrel was the result of an old feud. Bybee is said to be a very quarrelsome man, and was shot once before in a quarrel.


BOY HURT. MARSH TRISSELL, son of W. B. Trissell, aged ten years, was knocked down by Walker's light wagon team, driven by a colored man, Banks, Monday afternoon while he was crossing the street. The double-tree struck him first, and he was thrown under the wagon; both wheels passing over him. For awhile the boy was unconscious, but was taken home and is now on his feet again.


ARKANSAS CITY IS EXPERIMENTING. For a number of years she has been without a saloon, and all the while liquor found its way as readily to those who wanted it as when a saloon was licensed. They now have issued two saloon licenses, and have $400 paid into the city fund, where they had nothing before.



TRAVELER, MAY 16, 1877.

[For the Traveler.]

From Winfield.

WINFIELD, May 9th, 1877.

FRIEND SCOTT. The east and west proposition is a fair one, and one that you need not be afraid of. The above is the language of the Telegram. Mr. Allison speaks truly when he says we need not be afraid of it, but forgets to addCof it being built.

Now we all know too well the financial condition of this road to be humbugged and led to believe that if the bonds are carried at the coming election, the road will be built.

We want an east and west road, but we cannot afford to vote bonds in aid of such a project as this, it is simply tying our hands against our own interests, and keeping us from procuring a proposition from a company that we know is reliable.

I believe that if we had a proposition from the east that was reliable, it would receive the hearty support of the entire county, but the one we have now will surely not. Consider well before you cast your vote. The time is close at hand when you will be called upon to decide this matter, and cast your vote either for or against the bonds. It is a serious matter, and one that should be well considered.

If you are not posted in regard to the financial condition of this road and its ability to comply with its contract to build a road across the flint hills of Elk County, and through the roughest portion of Cowley, for the small sum of four thousand dollars per mile, you should by some means be enlightened, and have the matter placed before you as it is, not as it is placed before you by the bulldozers of Winfield.

I do not wish to call anyone of the gentlemen who have been canvassing the county in behalf of the east and west proposition a thief, liar, or cut-throat, as does the Courier speak of some of your citizens, but I do know they have told some pretty slimy stories. They have even went so far as to make some of the good citizens of lower Grouse believe that there would be a branch road from Lazette to the mouth of the Grouse. Now a man that will tell such an absurd falsehood as this does it for some purpose; he probably owns a few corner lots in the city of Winfield, and thinks by lying and deceiving the people, he will be able to make a stake. We hope the people will look to their own interests before it is too late, and trample underfoot the serpent that is about to sting them.

Court makes it lively for the hotels. Sid and Robert have all they can do.

Winfield has more doctors and lawyers than any other town in the Southwest.

The Honorable Col. E. C. Manning says: "If Arkansas City defeats the east and west proposition, the citizens of Winfield will be so enraged that they will sink it to the very bottom of hell." The Colonel, no doubt, would like to have company, as he went there last fall, according to his own saying (to the Senate or to hell). M.



TRAVELER, MAY 16, 1877.

SHEEP FOR SALE. I have 400 young ewes for sale cheap for cash; can be seen at Sam Parks, 8 miles northeast of city.



TO TRADE FOR BREAKING, a new 40 steel teeth harrow, and a 14 inch breaking plow. J. ALEXANDER.


FRESH LIME at Moore's kiln.



TRAVELER, MAY 16, 1877.

BE IT ORDAINED by the Mayor and Councilmen of the City of Arkansas City:

SECTION 1. No person shall keep a saloon, or place where malt or spirituous liquors are sold in any quantity, without having first obtained a license for that purpose; and any person violating the provisions of this ordinance shall, upon conviction, be fined in a sum not less than twenty dollars nor more than one hundred dollars for each offense.

SECTION 2. An annual tax of two hundred dollars shall be levied and collected from each person or firm owning or conducting any saloon, dram shop, or place where malt or spirituous liquors are sold, on the first day of May of each year, or when such persons or firm commence business; provided that when they shall make application after the last day of May of each year, they shall only pay in proportion to the fractional part of the year, but in no case shall any deduction be made for the fractional part of a calendar month.

SECTION 3. All persons owning or conducting any saloon, dram shop, or place where malt or spirituous liquors are sold, shall, in addition to the requirements of this ordinance, comply in respects with the provisions of an act entitled "An act to restrain dram shops and taverns, and to regulate the sale of intoxicating liquors," approved March 3, 1868; and any person violating any of the provisions of said act, or of this chapter, shall, upon conviction thereof, where not otherwise specially provided for, be fined in a sum not less than one nor more than one hundred dollars.

SECTION 4. Ordinance fifty-one (51) of the City of Arkansas City is hereby repealed.

SECTION 5. The above Ordinance No. fifty-four (54) shall be in force on and after its publication once in the Arkansas City Traveler.


Attest: I. H. BONSALL, City Clerk.



TRAVELER, MAY 16, 1877.

Bids for Transportation.



LAWRENCE, KANSAS, May 11, 1877.

Sealed proposals will be received in this office until 3 p.m. Friday, the 1st day of June next, for transportation of Indian goods and supplies, from points in Kansas to various Agencies in the Indian Territory. Circulars containing full information can be obtained on application to this office.

WM. NICHOLSON, Superintendent.



TRAVELER, MAY 16, 1877.

Number of bushels of corn on hand the first day of March, 1877, in Creswell township, 12,535.

Wm. Sleeth and James I. Mitchell have the greatest number of bushels of corn. Mr. Sleeth has 1,500 and Mr. Mitchell 1,200.

On the first day of March, 1877.

No. of hogs over 5 months old: 503.

No. of horses over 6 months old: 523.

No. of mules over 6 months old: 86.

No. of cattle over 6 months old: 726.


Whole No. personal property statements in 1877: 304.

Whole No. personal property statements in 1876: 214.

Amount of taxable personal property in 1877: $68,617.

Amount of taxable personal property in 1876: $60,187.

INCREASE: $8,430.

Value of improvements: $6,370.

Land entered after March 1, 1876: 241

Total increase in 1877: 15,041.


Number of fruit trees in Creswell Township in 1877.

Peach trees, bearing: 8,911

Peach trees, not bearing: 11,999

Apple trees, bearing: 547

Apple trees, not bearing: 4,193

Cherry trees, bearing: 204

Cherry trees, not bearing: 318

Pear trees, bearing: 91

Pear trees, not bearing: 158

Plumb trees, bearing: 11

Plumb trees, not bearing: 55

Number of acres in fall wheat: 2,819.



TRAVELER, MAY 16, 1877.

From Dexter.

DEXTER, KANSAS, May 1st, 1877.

Editor Traveler:

Pursuant to agreement the people of Dexter and vicinity met to hear a report from the delegation sent to Sedan, on last Saturday. The committee reported verbally per Uncle John Wallace (one of their number) giving a detailed account of all that was done at Sedan. After their report, in which everybody seemed interested, speeches were made by Messrs. Calison, Elliott, and Esq. Smith, of Sheridan Township.

Just before the close of the meeting, an expression of the people was taken, both for this route running from the east through Chautauqua County, and westward to Winfield and Arkansas City, and against the Memphis, Ellsworth & Puget Sound railroad, which expression was unanimous in favor of the former and unanimously opposed to the latter. Was requested by vote of meeting to send the above to you for publication.

F. H. ALEY, Secretary.



TRAVELER, MAY 16, 1877.

Telegrams were received here last week, announcing the arrest of J. C. Fraker, the president of the defunct National Bank (Wichita). The Government detectives, we are informed, made the arrest over a week ago, somewhere on the Mexican border, in the State of Texas, and took the prisoner to Austin. Charley Jones, deputy U. S. Marshal, left last Friday for the above place, with the necessary papers, and will bring Mr. Fraker back to the State. He will be taken to Topeka or Leavenworth.



TRAVELER, MAY 16, 1877.

Mr. Young, the civil engineer of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern narrow gauge railroad, confidently anticipating the voting of the aid asked for the southern end of the line, is now working up the eastern end, and by the time the elections are all held in the southern counties, the several counties and townships along the eastern end will be ready to vote on the question of aid to the road, and we doubt not will readily vote the bonds asked.

Emporia Ledger.



TRAVELER, MAY 16, 1877.

Mr. E. C. Manning has been in our county this week, getting up a proposition for railroad bondsCwhich said proposition our people will soon be called upon to accept or reject at the polls. Manning cannot believe that any good will ever come of a railroad proposition which proposes to build a road to Arkansas City. He has disciples in Elk County who feel the same way about a road through Howard City. Elk County Ledger.



TRAVELER, MAY 16, 1877.

Florence voted the twenty thousand dollars in bonds to the Florence, Eldorado & Walnut Valley Railroad on Tuesday, by a vote of 133 to 15. All has now been done that was to be done by the township and the railroad company have a clean field before them. Parties coming from Florence report that large forces are at work throwing dirt along the line, and everything is being pushed along rapidly. Press.



TRAVELER, MAY 16, 1877.

The L. L. & G. railroad is to be sold to pay its unpaid mortgage, and will be bought by a company which will extend it from Independence to Arkansas City, and thereby give the latter place what it has long wantedCa railroad. News.






A Glimpse of the Happy Land Soon to Be Made

Accessible by Railroad.

[From the Kansas City Journal of Commerce.]

Arkansas City, Kans., April 18. The trip from Wellington to this place is accom-plished by "buck board" and stage, via Winfield, in eight hours.

The ride is recommended to dyspeptics.

This town is keeping pace with the spirit of improvement apparent all over Kansas. Good times are continually at her doors. The brick blocks of Newman and Haywood, and the Methodist church, are among the new buildings. The former is one hundred feet in depth, and two stories in height, with a handsome iron front. The finishing touches are being put upon it, and the goods for its shelves are arriving.

Mr. Haywood is already occupying his block with an immense hardware store. The church is nearly enclosed. One of the latest accession to the business facilities of the town is the arrival of Mr. Wilson from Leavenworth, with a large stock of dry goods, etc. Mr. Wilson has been well known among a large circle of people in Kansas for the past twelve years, as one of the leading merchants of the State, and has enjoyed to an enviable extent their confidence and respect. His removal to Arkansas City will be a surprise to many who considered him one of the "institutions" of Leavenworth's commercial and social circles.

He considers the name of this town unfortunate, and suggests that it be changed to "Twin Rivers," but Brother Scott of the Traveler objects to any new "turn of the tune." I was about to suggest


This is a grand country. As one stands here and gazes upon its rivers and forests and boundless sea of prairie beyond, he comprehends something of its possibilities. Here are millions of acres awaiting the plow. Here are forests to supply lumber and fuel. Here are inexhaustible quarries of magnesian limestone, that can be dressed with a saw and the plane.

Here are rivers and springs, whose limpid waters will yet turn myriads of spindles. Here is a soil and climate adapted to all the products of the temperate zone.

The rigors of winter never reach this latitude, and the hot sun rays of summer are tempered by a perpetual breeze. Sickness is almost unknown. There are no stagnant pools, no alkali, no miasmatic vapor.

With all the conditions for man's happiness so admirably prepared, it is no wonder that thousands are flocking to occupy the land.

Here is the wealth of an empire, with resources but hinted at by what has been accomplished.

In 1875, with but one eighth of its area in cultivation, the cash value of the wheat, oats, corn, and potatoes, raised in Cowley County, was $900,000.

This is an unfavorable season, and with the most superficial tillage in many instances, was a good showing.

Arkansas City has a very favorable location, which will be more apparent upon the advent of a railroad. Its natural advantages for commanding the grain and produce trade are equal to any town south of Wichita, while as the entry port for Texas cattle it is bound to excel any of its predecessors in their palmiest days. It is particularly fortunate in this respect. East of this the Indians have placed an embargo upon the traffic, and the routes west of this are obstructed by high water in spring, and parched with drouth in summer.

From this point good roads, with streams bridged, lead through the Territory to the forts upon the north and west frontiers of Texas, and directly through the great grazing region of the country.

The supplies for the various Agencies are hauled over these routes. The single item of flour manufactured here last year for the Indians amounted to more than one million pounds.

With these routes well established, with wood and water at convenient intervals for camping purposes, and with no prohibition from herding a million head of cattle on the boundless natural pastures that spread away to the south of the town, it takes no gift of prophecy to see what this point is destined to become in commercial importance.

Its isolation from railroads is the only unpleasant feature about it, and this will exist for only a short time longer.

The "Kansas City, Emporia and Southern" narrow gauge, of which I wrote you from Emporia, is certain to be built, the citizens of this part of the county being determined to have it at any cost.

A road of standard gauge is also being agitated from Independence west through Montgomery, Chautauqua, Cowley, and Sumner counties. Whether the route finally decided upon will be through Sedan to this point and hence to Caldwell, or striking further north through Longton, Elk Falls, Lazette, and Winfield, will terminate at Wellington, is to be determined somewhat by typography of the county, but more by the local aid it receives.

At any rate, the era of railroads is drawing upon this county, and "there's millions in it." G.




TRAVELER, MAY 23, 1877.

Kansas has more newspapers in proportion to population than any other State in the Union: One hundred and seventy-two.




TRAVELER, MAY 23, 1877.

MAPLE CITY, KAN., May 10, 1877.

I am still "on the wing" but getting badly jolted for one traveling in that way. I would advise a man who is contemplating a trip through eastern Cowley to take out a life policy in some good company for the future well being of his family.

I am compelled to say this from the bad condition of the roads. I don't believe the people of some sections of this part of the county even pretend to work on the roads.

Of course, I judge from their condition: Creeks I crossed seven years ago are still unbridged. This tells a badCvery badCstory, for the citizens living there.

Maple City is getting to be quite a little town. Mr. Southard is doing a fine business. He has a large stock of goods and is selling them rapidly and reasonably. He also has the post office where the TRAVELER is received by a large number of farmers. "Hard times" is the universal cry here.

The TRAVELER premium pictures "take" like hot cakes out here. The "Turn of the Tune," gets away with them completely. Everybody would take it if money was more plenty.

Twenty-five miles today in the rain, good bye. More anon.




TRAVELER, MAY 23, 1877.



Bridges Carried Away.

Wheat and Corn Fields Overflown and Devastated.

For the past ten days heavy rains have been falling throughout this section and the streams are gradually rising. On last Friday the Arkansas was noticed as being very full, and on Saturday the rise was very rapid, bringing with it drift wood and live trees. Some of the latter being cedar, supposed to have come from the mountains. This would go to prove that the rains had extended to the mountains, or the immense body of water caused by the melting of snow.

Until Saturday night no apprehensions of the destruction of the bridge were entertained until large trees came floating down and the water began to flow around the approach. The Township Trustee then engaged a number of men with poles to push the floating logs under the bridge; but they came so thick and fast, and the night being very dark, it was deemed useless, and they abandoned the work at eleven o'clock at night.

At three o'clock Sunday morning, Wyard Gooch and others went down, and found all but four spans of the bridge gone. They then sent back for rope and tied the remaining span on the north side to a post and a tree about half as thick as a man's body. Not long after a very large tree with heavy branches came sweeping past, and striking the span, carried it away. After being swept from the piles on which it was built, it swung around to the bank, and the force of the current caused the post to break and left it swinging on the one rope tied to the tree. This soon began to crack, and in a few seconds, the tree was pulled out by the roots and the structure went with the current. Those who were on the river bank most of the time say that large pine branches and portions of other bridge timbers could be seen every few minutes, supposed to have belonged to the El Paso and Wichita bridges.

The bottom lands on the Arkansas present a wonderful spectacle. Whole fields of wheat and corn opposite Arkansas City are completely inundated, and the country around almost under water. Nothing is left between Carder's house and the Arkansas river except the sand hills, and the only way to reach the bank of the river is by boat.

We made an effort to cross to the ridge just opposite where Davis' house stood, on horse back, and the horse was compelled to swim. Wm. Coombs, James Wilson, E. E. Eddy, and others, while making the attempt earlier in the day, mired their animals, and had to wade ashore. On the island we found a dog, and every few feet noticed rabbits, gophers, ground moles, or snakes that had gathered there for safety.

The current of the river is fearful, and the waves roll two feet in height.

From the overflow at this place, we should judge the city of Wichita to be flooded with water, and the country adjacent to the river in Arkansas City completely deluged. The losses from bridges alone will be considerable, to say nothing of the great destruction of grain fields.

The bridge at this place originally cost $13,000, and the damage to it cannot be replaced short of $4,000 or $5,000. An effort will be made to rebuild that portion that has been carried away at once, or to have a ferry run until it is done.






WICHITA has a St. Louis, and Kansas Central Railroad Company.


ROCK CREEK, BEAVER, CRESWELL, and BOLTON TOWNSHIPS are to vote on the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Railway proposition next Tuesday, May 29th.


When the official paper of the county resorts to petty tricks to make a call for a railroad illegal, it would be well enough for the commissioners to look for some other source to secure the work of the county.


The Courier takes the trouble to make the Sheriff's proclamation calling an election for Beaver and Bolton townships, on the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railway, come on the 29th day of April instead of May. Too thin, gentlemen. The TRAVELER makes the legal announcement this time, and has it correct. The people were fortunate enough to see to that before the election was called.


Next Tuesday a portion of the people of the west valley of the Walnut will be called upon to accept or reject the only definite railroad proposition Cowley County has ever had. By its acceptance, you bring prosperity to yourselves and neighbors; a ready cash market for your grain and produce, and the general benefits attending a railroad. The proposition has been thoroughly canvassed and your minds should be decided. Let your votes now bring about the long cherished wish of your hearts and the welfare of the people.



TRAVELER, MAY 23, 1877.

SEALED PROPOSALS will be received by the undersigned until noon Saturday, the 26th inst., for the delivery at his agency, on or before the 30th day of June, next, of one hundred cows and their calves. They must be natives, healthy, and in good condition for stock cattle. The age of the cows must not be more than six years in any case, and the weight of each not less than five hundred and fifty pounds (gross). Separate bids may be put in for a few of these cows without calves.

Bids will also be received for two bulls, not more than 3 years old.

The privilege is reserved of increasing or diminishing the number called for, to an extent not exceeding twenty-five percent.

The privilege is reserved of rejecting any or all bids.

The successful bidder will be required to enter into contract, with approved bond for the faithful performance of his obligations.


U. S. Indian Agent, Sac and Fox Agency, I. T.

Via Muskogee, Indian Territory.



TRAVELER, MAY 23, 1877.

Attempted Abduction of a Young Woman

From Grouse Creek By Two Young Men.

Last Saturday afternoon two young men driving a team of black horses with a buggy, stopped at a house on Grouse creek where a young lady of sixteen years of age was stopping with her brother-in-law. Seeing she was alone, one of them alighted and went to the door and asked the young lady if she didn't want to take a ride. She replied that she would not be likely to, with a stranger. "Well then, you will have to go, for I have come to take you."

Apprehending that he meant foul play, she reached above the door and took down a revolver, and pointed it at his breast, when he exclaimed: "You are not going to shoot, are you?"

She replied, "I am, if you don't leave the house."

He then said: "I guess you won't shoot. Come and go to the Kaw Agency?"

As he said this, he advanced toward her, when she pulled the trigger and fired; the ball passing just under his arm and lodging in the side of the house, taking part of his clothing with it.

With a yell of agony he ran backwards, exclaiming: "My God! Don't shoot me!"

"Leave the house then. I have another ball and will kill you if you don't leave!"

The man in the buggy then called to him: "For God's sake, let her alone, you drunken fool; she'll blow hell out of you in a minute!"

He then ran towards the buggy and the two drove off, in an eastern direction. They came from the direction of Winfield, and had a gray horse tied behind the buggy. Both were well dressed and gentlemanly looking men, and drove a good team. The girl had been sick and was very feeble. The nearest house was Mr. Chancey's, and that a half mile distant, so that after they had left, she did not have any chance to inform anyone until her brother-in-law returned in the evening, and then it was too late to follow them.

We withhold the young lady's name at her own request; but can produce it if any clue to the parties is found. Had it not been for the wonderful courage of the girl, her fate might have been too horrible to narrate.

If such unruly hell hounds are roaming about the country, it will be well enough to prepare for them.



TRAVELER, MAY 23, 1877.

It was our privilege to meet the good people of Osage Agency at the nuptial ceremonies of Mr. Stubbs and Miss Finney, on Thursday evening, May 3rd, and seldom have we seen a more social and joyous group of individuals. We were surprised to meet there ladies and gentlemen who had graced the best society in the land, and others whose presence would adorn any reputable society.

Our host and hostess, Mr. and Mrs. Florer, spared no pains to make everything pleasant for their guests, and how admirably they succeeded, the good feeling and hearty enjoyment of all present may testify.

We congratulate our friend, Stubbs, in his success in marrying into one of the most reputable families of the State of Ohio. Rev. Mr. Finney and his noble wife, the parents of Mrs. Stubbs, and "the boys," known to all, were missionaries of the Presbyterian church in the State of Ohio, and their sterling character and earnest piety contributed in no small degree to the high position which that State takes today in all questions of morals and religion. Though now in heaven, yet the impress of their lives and character is reflected in their children.

We extend our congratulations also to Mr. Ed. Finney and his estimable wife in their recent and happy union, and take this occasion to assure both of these recently married couples that the best wishes of their many friends in this community accompany them to their new homes.




TRAVELER, MAY 23, 1877.

Houses Blown DownCMan Killed.

A terrible wind storm swept over a portion of the county last Saturday night, destroying fences, tearing trees out by the roots, and blowing houses to pieces. It came from the southwest and went northeast. On Badger Creek, five miles northeast of Winfield, the stone house of George W. Vaneter was blown down, and Mr. Vaneter killed by the falling rock while he was lying asleep in bed.

Mr. and Mrs. Shaver, living close by, were severely hurt by the falling of some timbers of their frame house, while Mr. Hill, living one and one-half miles from Vaneter's, had his stone house scattered in every direction without being hurt. Some of the furniture from his dwelling was carried miles away.

The house of Robert Devore was also blown down, as well as Mr. Townsley's. Mr. White's house, in this township, was also completely wrecked.

Great excitement prevailed during the storm, and the people were almost wild with frenzy. At this place there was no unusual occurrence. A strong wind was blowing, but we were fortunate enough to be out of the line of the storm.



Arkansas City Traveler, May 23, 1877.

The following attorneys were in attendance upon the present term of the District Court: Hon. Alfred L. Redden, of Eldorado; Mr. White, Howard City; Judge M. S. Adams, Wichita; Mr. McBryan, Sedan; Hon. C. R. Mitchell, Amos Walton, Judge Christian, E. B. Kager and Col. McMullen, of Arkansas City; and Messrs. Hackney & McDonald, Pryor & Pryor, Jennings & Buckman, Pyburn & Seward, Jas. McDermott, Henry E. Asp, E. S. Torrance, J. E. Allen, L. J. & Linus Webb, D. A. Millington, A. H. Green, W. M. Boyer, J. M. Alexander, of Winfield.



JOHN HARMON is living on an island.

THE GRASSHOPPERS are no longer feared.

PARASOLS and linen coats at church last Sunday.

The mail has not arrived at this place since Saturday.

We have a specimen of flax, measuring nine inches long.

The bridges, mills, and dams on the Walnut are all right.

MARTIN BARBER was acquitted for shooting his brother.

We saw green peaches this week that weighed half an ounce.

COWLEY COUNTY has a half dozen "Centennial" schoolhouses.

MR. SHOEMAKER's house on the Arkansas is entirely surrounded by water.

TISDALE township is one of the best upland townships for corn in the county.

A daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs. Frank Gallotti on Saturday, the 12th of May.

POTATOES. James H. Lee, of Windsor Township, has new potatoes as large as walnuts.

MR. BENTLEY, formerly of this place, but late of Winfield, has returned to his home in Illinois.

JOHN SMITH shipped $3,000 worth of hogs from Tisdale last week. There is money in hogs in this county.

VERNON TOWNSHIP will support the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad, and have a road of their own.

LIVE cedars, cottonwoods, and other trees passed down the Arkansas on Sunday at the rate of five miles an hour.

SEVERAL HOUSES near the banks of the Arkansas are entirely surrounded with water, and the floors of many flooded.

The meeting announced by Winfield parties at Worden's schoolhouse in Vernon township, Saturday evening, did not take place.

It is proposed to repair the bridge just damaged by the recent flooding from the Arkansas, also to erect another bridge west of town.

HOUSE BLOWN DOWN. Last Saturday night the frame house of old Mr. White's near Grouse creek was blown down, and the old lady badly hurt.

One man fell from the remainder of the bridge on the Bolton side last Sunday, but caught hold of one of the piles before being carried down stream.

NEW HOUSE. Regardless of grasshoppers, floods, and other drawbacks, W. H. Walker is building a cosy dwelling on the corner opposite his place of business.

Dr. Alexander, Al., and Henry Mowry made a longer stay in Bolton last Saturday then they expected. Will Stewart and some others also remained on this side.

MARRIED. Thursday, May 10th, 1877, at the residence of Mr. A. M. Smythia, in the Indian Territory, Mr. L. S. Ganes to Miss Mary V. Gibson, by the Rev. J. Hopkins.

We had occasion to cross the Walnut yesterday, and got in the boat from the southeast corner of the townsite, and were rowed to near the foot of the bluff at Whitney's.

There was such a volume of water passing over the dam in the Walnut last Saturday and Sunday that it scarcely made a ripple, where it ordinarily has a fall of four feet.

The Board of County Commissioners meet the first Monday in June to equalize the taxation of the county. Erroneous assessments that should be rectified will then be attended to.

Last Saturday as Thomas Callahan was rowing Jerry Tucker and three others over the Walnut, the boat capsized, and all were thrown into the river. They made their way to the shore in safety.



TRAVELER, MAY 23, 1877.

MARRIED HIS COUSIN. Last week Levi Ganes visited this place with Miss Gibson for the purpose of being married in the Indian Territory, as they had no license, and the young lady was his cousin. They found a minister in Bolton township and repaired to the Territory and were pronounced one. Since their return, the father of the bride has entered a suit of criminal action against Levi, for marrying a relative contrary to the laws of this State, and the young man stands a fair chance to learn a trade behind a grated door for the next three years.



TRAVELER, MAY 23, 1877.

$100 FOR BITING HIS EAR. J. G. Titus, who was arrested for assault and battery inflicted on the person of one R. B. Corkins, was fined $100 for the amusement. The quarrel originated from Corkins taking up some cattle belong to Mr. Titus, and demanding pay before he would release them. Mr. Titus went to him on the last occasion while Corkins was plowing in the field. Words were exchanged, and finally Titus hit him on the back of the head and knocked him down, and during the affray bit a part of his ear off. Corkins objected to this ear work, and brought suit for damage, and received $100. He is well satisfied with the court's decision, and will sell the balance of that ear at the same rateC$100 a bite.



TRAVELER, MAY 23, 1877.

TAX ROLLS. The returns of the Township Assessors for 1877 have all been sent in to the County ClerkCthe first return being that of W. H. Clay, of Sheridan Township, and the last that of Lay, of Omnia. They show the entire taxable property of Cowley County to be $1,900,000. There are 50,000 acres of wheat in the county, 48,000 acres of corn, 17,000 head of cattle, 15,000 swine, 5,000 sheep, and a population of 12,000 people. On the first day of March, 1876, there were 225,000 bushels of corn on hand in the county, and on the first day of March, 1877, there were only 100,000 bushels.



DISTRICT COURT in Cowley County adjourned last Thursday evening. Barber was sentenced to six months in the county jail for attempting to commit rape on his half sister.

Zebulum Foster was committed to one year in the Kansas Penitentiary for forgery and attempting to sell the forged note at the two banks in Winfield. The names he had himself signed to the note were Saul Smith, John Smith, and Barney Shriver.


CORN. JOHN McGUIRE, the merchant at Tisdale, has 4,000 bushels of the best corn we have seen in the county that he offers for thirty-five cents per bushel in the crib. McGuire is doing a good business in dry goods and general merchandise at the center town of the county, and marks his goods down as low as any of his competitors.


JAMES KELLY and MR. BUCKMAN, of Winfield, called on us last week. They came down to talk to the people of Bolton township on the Parsons railway, and spoke at Theaker's schoolhouse Thursday evening. They abandoned the meeting at Bland's on Friday evening on account of the rain.


UNDER WATER. We learn from parties just down from Wichita that the streets of that town are flooded, and water covers the floors of many houses and half way up the counters of the stores. The bridges across the Arkansas are gone at Wichita, El Paso, and Oxford.


Some thief broke into Eistlin's store in Winfield last Wednesday night and stole some money, clothing, boots, and other articles. He left his old shoes. A number of tramps have been hanging around that place for a week or more.


L. J. JOHNSON, the man who was to erect a mill on Grouse creek, has collected a prairie wolf, a wild cat, a raccoon, a rattlesnake, and a gopher, and intends engaging in the show business. The mill project has been abandoned by these.


A heavy storm prevailed last Saturday night near Winfield, during which the roof was blown from a stone house, causing the falling of part of the rock from the top of the wall, which killed one man and broke another=s back.


JUDGE DEVORE, the first Treasurer Cowley County ever had, lately married Pennyroyal Seacatt. It is not the first instance, however, of a man marrying a cat, but they are generally of the wild species.


DIED. On Saturday, May 12th, Isabel Brown, daughter of W. H. and Sarah Brown. Aged fourteen years, one month, and eighteen days. She was buried on the following Monday.


The chimney of A. J. Pyburn's in Winfield caught fire yesterday, but was soon extinguished.



TRAVELER, MAY 23, 1877.

AUCTION SALE. A quantity of second hand carpets, bedding, dishes, etc., will be sold on Saturday next, at 2 p.m., at public auction, in the Green Front Store, Arkansas City; 6 months time will be given on amounts over $3 with good security.




TRAVELER, MAY 23, 1877.

RECAP: Sheriff R. L. Walker, G. W. McIntire, Deputy, selling at public auction 159.60 acres of land to satisfy suit made by Lyman C. Norton against George O. Sweet and Ann F. Sweet.



TRAVELER, MAY 30, 1877.

The bonds have been defeated in Rock Creek and Beaver Townships, and still we are determined to have a railroad and will get it.


Petitions are now being circulated in Elk County, asking that an election be called to vote $4,000 per mile to the L. L. & G. Company, for a standard gauge railway from Independence, via the Elk valley to Cowley County.


Railroad Bond Election.

The following is the result of the township elections to vote aid to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railway, held Tuesday, May 29th, 1877. The amount of aid asked of Rock township was $20,500; of Beaver, $19,000; of Creswell, $26,500; of Bolton, $21,500.




ROCK CREEK 50 138 --- 88 188

BEAVER, CRESWELL 228 7 221 --- 235

BOLTON (EAST) 34 12 22 --- 46

BOLTON (WEST) 69 14 55 --- 83


PARTIES from Winfield claim to have a proposition from the Santa Fe Company, offering to build a railroad into this county for $4,000 per mile, right of way and depot grounds. The Santa Fe Company have made a number of promises, and whether this one is made simply to defeat the Kansas City & Emporia project or not remains to be seen. Only a few months ago they entered into a written contract with the people of El Dorado, pledging themselves that if that town would secure $3,000 per mile for them, they would build to them and make them the terminus for three years. Now they want $4,000 per mile and propose to go by them.


Owing to high water and the danger of crossing the streams, a majority of eighty one voters of this county said they wanted the Memphis, Parsons & Ellsworth Railway, Western Branch, and voted $120,000 in bonds toward it. In Cedar and Otter Townships, and West Bolton precinct the proposition did not receive a vote favoring it. According to the contract the road is to be built from Parsons to the L. L. & G. Railroad in seven months. The distance is fourteen and a half milesCtwo miles of road to be built every month. The proposition has not yet been voted on in Elk County. When it is defeated there the friends of the imaginary road will begin to wonder if the road really is to be built; and will keep wondering.



TRAVELER, MAY 30, 1877.

The following letter to the Winfield Railway Committee by the President of the A., T. & S. F. Company is what is claimed to be the proposition for a road into this county. Inasmuch as it asks $4,000 per mile in county bonds from Butler County, in place of the $3,000 per mile in township bonds already voted, we do not think Butler County will accept it. And as no depots are specified in Rock and Pleasant Valley Townships, the people thereof will not consider it very favorable. The whole matter rests with El Dorado and the townships of Butler County, and as many of the citizens thereof have already declared their intentions to hold the terminus at the county seat of Butler, we cannot expect much from the present enterprise.

Copy of the Letter.

TOPEKA, May 18, 1877.

Messrs. A. A. Jackson, J. E. Platter, A. B. Lemmon, Committee:

GENTLEMEN: Referring to our conversation this morning, I will say that if you can induce Butler and Cowley counties to cooperate in the following plan, we will build immediately to Winfield, and later to the State line. The conditions are as follows:

The road to be built under the existing charter of the A., T. & S. F. R. R. Co., or under the general law, as we may prefer. Butler County to grant bonds to the extent of $4,000 per mile, instead of the township bonds hitherto voted in said county, amounting to $60,000. Said bonds to run twenty years, to bear interest at the rate of eight percent, and the bonds and coupons to be receivable in payment of all taxes. Cowley County to grant bonds to the extent of $4,000 per mile, similar in character to the above. Said bonds to be delivered to the railroad company in each county, in sections of not less than five miles, as soon as said sections are completed. The railroad company to receive right of way and depot grounds free of charge. The railroad is to be left free to establish its depots wherever in its opinion the business calls for them. The road to Winfield to be finished inside of eight months, and that to Arkansas City inside of eighteen months. We propose to finish to Winfield in time for this year's crops, but cannot run the risk of losing the bonds in case we are impeded by strikes, or other unforeseen accidents. But we will agree, in case we are behindhand in finishing the road to Winfield, to pay any forfeit named by you for each week of delay, provided you now agree to pay us the same forfeit for each week in case we finish it ahead of the time agreed, and we will make the same agreement regarding Arkansas City.

You understand that this requires the assent of the townships in Butler County that have voted us bonds, as we do not propose to change our bargain with them without their consent.

Very truly yours,




TRAVELER, MAY 30, 1877.

On Thursday evening of last week occurred a terrible shooting affray at this place.

It was but another scene in the Peterson and Bybee tragedy. For some time there has been a series of quarrels and troubles between parties known as Hell's Benders. At the March term of court, Bybee was acquitted of committing an assault with a deadly weapon with intent to kill Peterson. Since then both parties have gone armed and prepared for each other. Peterson has received several letters saying he must leave the county or he would be killed; but having a family to support, he thought best to remain and act on the defense.

During the day Bybee had threatened to kill Peterson, saying he was a Ku Klux from Hell's Bend and would carry it out.

About 7 o'clock p.m., both parties met in front of the law office of Albright & Hill, when words passed about shooting it out, etc. Bybee drew a revolver and fired, grazing the side of Peterson. Almost simultaneously Peterson fired, using a needle gun, the ball striking the upper lip, knocking out several teeth, striking the tongue, and passing out at the right jaw of Bybee.

Peterson immediately went to his house, where he remained until he was arrested a few minutes later by Deputy Sheriff, J. A. Johnson.

We advise our readers to withhold their verdict till they hear the testimony.

Cedar Vale Blade.



TRAVELER, MAY 30, 1877.

Indian Affairs.

Camp Robinson, Nebraska, May 23. The Cheyenne Indians of this place are feeling very bitter against the Sioux for harsh treatment received at their hands after being defeated last fall, and not wishing to live near them long, requested a few days ago to be removed to the Indian Territory.

After consulting the commissioner of Indian Affairs, Gen. Sheridan has given the authority for the transfer. They will start about the 28th inst., under charge of Lieut. Lawton of the Fourth cavalry, and will cross the Union Pacific railroad at Sidney. This band numbers about 1,150 persons, all told.

The six companies of the Fourth cavalry now stationed here are under orders to march in a few days. They will return to the department of the Missouri.



TRAVELER, MAY 30, 1877.

Mr. Isaac Wood, of West Vernon, called on Tuesday. Mr. Wood reports the Arkansas River up to his door, and all over the second bottom. All the families residing on the second bottom have been compelled to abandon their homesCthe water running right through their houses. Several families had to be rescued with rafts by their neighbors, the rise of the river was so sudden. There is an immense loss in property and crops, but no lives have been lost so far as we can learn. Mr. Wood, himself, has over thirty acres of nice growing corn under water, and several acres of number one wheat. Telegram.



TRAVELER, MAY 30, 1877.

"Micky" JimCthe stage driver from Wichita to El PasoCwas seriously hurt on Tuesday of last week in crossing the bridge over the little creek at the Dutch Ranche, some few miles this side of Wichita. He was driving his four horses and the heavy coach. The leaders getting frightened backed off the bridge, pulling the whole outfit after them. The horses were all more or less injured, and the coach smashed into flinders. "Micky" went down with the coach and horses, and sustained very serious injuriesChis arm being broken and his back badly hurt.




TRAVELER, MAY 30, 1877.

Statistics of Cowley County for 1877.

The following are the statistics of Cowley County as returned by the Trustees of said county for the year 1877.

No. of acres of land under cultivation: 95,220.

No. of acres of land under fence but not under cultivation: 27,034.

No. of acres of winter wheat sown in fall of 1876: 50,621.

No. of acres of rye shown in fall of 1876: 4,477-7/12.

No. of acres of corn planted in the year 1877: 47,795.

No. of acres of barley sown: 236.

No. of acres of oats sown: 5,703.

No. of acres of buckwheat sown: 15.

No. of acres of Irish potatoes sown: 641.

No. of acres of sweet potatoes sown: 14.

No. of acres of sorghum sown: 436.

No. of acres of castor beans sown: 17.

No. of acres of cotton sown: 34-5/16.

No. of acres of flax sown: 395-1/2.

No. of acres of hemp sown: 5/8.

No. of acres of tobacco sown: 10-1/8.

No. of acres of broomcorn sown: 41-2/5.

No. of acres of millet and Hungarian: 3,027-1/2.

No. of bushels old corn on hand March 1st: 213,642.

Produce of garden markets: 1,683.

Value of poultry and eggs sold during the year: $5,679.

Pounds of cheese made in factory: 4,230.

Pounds of cheese made in family: 260.

Pounds of butter: 210,712.

No. of horses: 4,501.

No. of mules and asses: 881.

No. of milch cows: 3,891.

No. of other cattle: 8,236.

No. of sheep: 4,883.

No. of swine: 14,982.

Value of animals slaughtered: $67,157.

No. of hogs died of cholera during the year: 63.

No. of sheep died during the year: 232.

No. of pounds of wool crop of 1876: 15,435.

No. of acres of nurseries: 46-7/8.

No. of apple trees in bearing: 5,363.

No. of pear trees in bearing: 340.

No. of peach trees in bearing: 144,371.

No. of plumb trees in bearing: 1,845.

No. of cherry trees in bearing: 2,047.

No. of apple trees not in bearing: 66,606.

No. of pear trees not in bearing: 2,805.

No. of peach trees not in bearing: 116,539.

No. of plumb trees not in bearing: 3,726.

No. of cherry trees not in bearing: 8,866.

No. of acres small fruit: 94-1/4.

No. of cultivated forest trees: 272.

No. of miscellaneous trees not otherwise mentioned: 27,702.

No. acres of vineyard: 43-1/4.

Population of county: 11,722.

STATE OF KANSAS, Cowley County.

I, M. G. Troup, County Clerk in and for the county and State aforesaid do hereby certify the foregoing to be a true and correct statement as showed by the records in my office.

M. G. TROUP, County Clerk.



TRAVELER, MAY 30, 1877.

RIPE gooseberries in the city.

EGGS are plentiful at Osage Agency.

J. L. STUBBS and wife returned to Osage Agency yesterday.

JAMES M. NAPIER has been appointed postmaster at Nenescah, this county.

JOHN GRIMES and party, who left here in wagons, expect to be in Denver today.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. O. P. Houghton, a daughter, on Thursday, May 27th.

DR. SHEPARD has removed his office to the room over Gardner & Co.'s drug store.

The editor expects to take a trip to Denver and the Rocky Mountains next month.

What has become of the nineteen hundred petitioners that wanted an east and west road?

We are glad to learn that the cancer has been taken from Mrs. Bowers, and she is recovering.

Rev. Fleming has had to swim a river and ride sixty miles to marry different parties lately.

MR. HARTSOCK in interested in a Short Creek lead mine in Cherokee County, Kansas, and preparing to work it.

CHESTER LOVELAND, formerly a resident of this place, made a short call last week. He came down from Wichita on Thomas Baird's lumber raft.

The farmers of Butler County are so bitterly opposed to the new Santa Fe project that they threatened to mob one of their leading men if he advocated it.

THE CENTRAL HOTEL AT WINFIELD is now conducted by Majors & Vance. Business was too rushing for one, and resulted in adding an additional gentleman as host.

WINFIELD acknowledges now that the Parsons road project was only to "bulldoze" the Santa Fe into building into this county. That's all well enough, but why fool the people.

The Pawnees are becoming nearly civilized and now wear shirts. The fact would not be noticed if they did not persist in floating the tail end to the breeze, as they pass up and down our streets.

Last Friday morning, in the road north of town, we noticed thousands of small, leadish colored worms about one inch long, similar to the "thousand legged worm." They were almost as thick as hail on the ground.



The Little Colonel is marshaling his forces to storm the county to carry a proposition for the Santa Fe Company, and add laurels to his individual crown. He has secured the support of the Winfield press and attorneys.


A wagon will carry parties to and from the river free of charge, until the ferry is built. They will also convey them across the river in a boat. The rope has been sent for and the boat is building, so that before many days the ferry will be running.


DROWNED. Wallace Blood, of El Dorado, was drowned last week while trying to swim the Walnut River. He had his clothes tied about his neck, and had nearly reached the opposite shore when he was taken down by a whirlpool. His body was found by dragging the river.


NOTICE the card of Doctors W. A. and A. W. Cormack, Room No. 1, in City Hotel building. Both gentlemen are graduates of the Eclectic Medical Institute of Cincinnati, Ohio, and physicians of twelve years experience. We commend them to our people.


MARRIED. At the residence of the bride's parents, on Thursday, May 24th, by Rev. S. B. Fleming, Mr. Russell Baird and Miss Mary A. Kimell, both of the noble and prosperous township of Bolton.



TRAVELER, MAY 30, 1877.

Railway Bond Election.

Official abstract of votes cast in Cowley County, Kansas, on the 22nd day of May, 1877, on the proposition to vote $120,000 to the Memphis, Parsons & Ellsworth Railway, Western Branch.


FOR: 1,335

AGAINST: 1,254





TRAVELER, MAY 30, 1877.

LUMBER RAFT. Last week Thos. Baird, Will Alexander, Chester Loveland, and a stranger lashed 15,000 feet of pine lumber together, at Wichita, making three rafts of it, and started for this place.

For awhile everything was a success, but as the lumber became soaked and the lashing more slack, trouble began to grow apparent. They followed the current, making time at the rate of ten miles an hour, until the river made a sudden bend, when one of the rafts struck a tree. The man jumped off of it and tied the rope, but the current was too swift, and it sped on down the river. When the others came along they tied up for the night, and in the morning went in search of the missing raft, which they found in a corn field not far away. The result of the experiment was, one raft left seven miles from Wichita, one left twelve miles above Oxford, and one that came through all right. The boys think if they were to try it again, they could come through safely.



TRAVELER, MAY 30, 1877.

MR. DANIEL GRANT sold his farm of 120 acres to Peter Hayner and Isaac Austin, who have commenced building a house and buying cattle. They intend to handle stock, and look and act like energetic businessmen. We would like to have more like them.




There is now on exhibition at T. K. Johnson's drug store, the petrified tooth of a Mastodon, which measures 42 inches in width and 72 inches in length. The entire root has been broken off, and yet the remainder of the tooth-enameled partCweighs something near four pounds. It is a monster and well worth looking at. Was found in Silverdale Township, near the mouth of Silver Creek. Telegram.



TRAVELER, MAY 30, 1877.


Drs. Cormack tender their professional services to the citizens of Arkansas City and vicinity. Office Room No. 1, City Hotel.



TRAVELER, MAY 30, 1877.

WANTED. A girl to do general housework.



NOTICE. On and after May 20, 1877, I will have native lumber for sale at my place 12 miles northeast of Arkansas City. I wish also at that time to sell a large quantity of fire wood, and will let contracts for cutting and hauling the same. Parties wanting anything in the shape of native lumber or wood can apply to me personally, or leave their orders at the office of Mitchell & Channell. WM. COOMBS.



WILL LEONARD is expected home from Emporia soon.

ICE two cents per pound, and the thermometer at 90 in the shade.

One aristocratic lawyer boards himself and family at the Central Avenue.

MRS. GRAY, AT CAPTAIN NORTON'S FORMER RESIDENCE, has a number of beautiful flowers in full bloom.

MR. BULLENE, of Leavenworth, contractor for the Walnut River bridge, came down last Thursday. June 2nd is the day specified that it shall be completed, but the recent high waters will detain them.



TRAVELER, MAY 30, 1877.

House Destroyed.

EAST CRESSWELL, May 21, 1877.

Friend Scott:

Last Saturday night, a heavy storm visited this locality, and did much damage. The wind came first from the southeast, then from the south, and then from the west. The southeast wind struck Mr. White's blacksmith shop, tearing it to pieces and carrying the roof about sixty yards.

His house came next, in which he and Mrs. White were sleeping. They jumped up, but before they had time to think, the house was torn away and they were buried in the ruins. The upper floor fell upon them, and one end of it struck upon a pile of dirt, and thus saved them from being crushed to pieces. Mr. White worked his way out and helped his wife out, and they had to wade through the rain, mud, and water to the nearest neighbors. Mr. White is badly bruised, but is able to be up. Mrs. White is very seriously, if not fatally injured.

The house and shop are scattered over the prairie, some boards and other articles being carried a hundred yards.

The force of the wind can be explained by its effect upon fences, many posts being torn from the ground while others were broken off.

Evidently this was the hardest storm ever witnessed in this section. Fortunately no lives lost.




TRAVELER, MAY 30, 1877.

San Antonio Express reported the total drive for 1877 will be 218,900 cattle to be driven north this season. The list did not comprise a few herds in the neighborhood and west of Ft. Worth. They figured that would swell the number to 250,000 head.



[Beginning June 6, 1877.]





All Principal Streams Overflow Their Banks.

[From the Oxford Independent.]

Since the time to which the memory of man runneth, there has been no such flood in Southern Kansas as the one with which we have been visited within the past week. After a long time, with no rain to speak of in this valley, copious showers commenced falling on about the 24th of April, since which time nearly every succeeding twenty four hours have been attended with a heavy rain. For a time the people rejoiced and were glad for the timely visitation, until about the 15th of May, when it was generally conceded by the farmers that we were getting too much wet. The prairies were thoroughly soaked, the ravines and small streams well filled with water, but showers came with the same regularity and increased immensity. On Friday and Saturday nights, May 18th and 19th, the clouds apparently gathered in renewed force, the rain descended, and the floods came.

The Arkansas, Ninnescah, and Slate Creek, with all their principal tributaries, were thrown out of bank and the bottoms, to the extent of from one to three miles wide, completely covered with water, corn, and wheat fields submerged, frequently to a depth of from one to three feet, which must inevitably result in great damage to the crops and a loss to the farmers by destruction, damaging and carrying away of loose property. In many cases the farmers living on bottom farms were compelled to vacate their houses and seek a more elevated position, the water having taken possession of the first floor, which, in many instances, happened to be the only one in the house.

The bridge across the Ninnescah, the only one over that stream in the county, having been for days considered unsafe, was finally cut off from dry land by a sheet of water from one to three miles in width, and in many places too deep for fording, and on the morning of May 19th, no longer able to resist the pressure, went down the river.

The bridge over Slate Creek, south of Wellington, the only bridge over that stream, was also on the same day carried away, leaving parties on different sides of the stream most effectually cut off from communication.

The bridge over the Arkansas, at Arkansas City, was the first upon that river to give way, and it is reported to have quietly let loose from its moorings on the night of May 15, 1877, and went whirling down that raging stream.

The bridge at El Paso fell early in the contest, and was carried away on the 17th, leaving the residents opposite no chance for escape except to the high land west of the Cow Skin, a distance of from three to five miles across the bottom, then nearly covered with water, and in places to a depth of from three to six feet, which was fortunately accomplished with no fatal results.

The bridge at Oxford was the last to yield to the force of the surging elements; was yet on Saturday night thought to be safe, but in this we were doomed to disappointment. With the bright sun on Sunday morning, the people of Oxford found themselves cut off from communication with the east, and all that was left of the Oxford bridge inaccessible by the space of over 300 feet, over which rolled the surging turbulent, and apparently angry waters of the raging Arkansas, three span of the west end of the bridge with two massive piers of masonry having entirely disappeared during the night.

The loss of the Oxford bridge is a heavy blow upon the business of Oxford, as well as upon the owners of the bridge. It was supposed to have been the best and most substantial bridge on the river; was owned by a private corporation here; built in 1872, at a cost of $14,500, and reflected great credit upon the enterprising owners, who conceived and executed the enterprise at so early a day and under very adverse circumstances. It was noticeable on Sunday morning that none of the owners appeared more discouraged or exhibited more profound regret at the loss of their property in the bridge than was manifested by the people generally. There is no property in Oxford but could have been better spared, or the loss of which could have been so sorely felt, but such is life.

Arrangements have been made by the bridge company by which a ferry boat will be immediately constructed and operated across the river at this point until such time as the bridge can be rebuilt. We have received or sent away no mail from this point since Friday, May 18th, so we are without news from the outside world. Arrangements are completed for transporting the mail across the river for the present by skiff, but up to date no one has been able to reach the stage road on account of high water in the bottom east of the river.

We have had no authentic communication from above this point, but it is rumored, upon what authority we are unable to say, that both bridges over the Arkansas at Wichita have been swept away by the flood. It is still hoped this may prove to be a mistake, but portions of broken bridges passed this point going down the river, hence there are grave fears that the rumor may be well founded.

Parties have now gone down the river in boats looking after bridges and other property that may have stranded or been carried out upon some of the over flowed bottom lands.




The following letter has been received by the Elk County railroad committee.

KANSAS CITY, MO., May 2, 1877.

Messrs. Woodring, Sweet and Vliet.

GENTLEMEN: We are authorized by Mr. Hunnewell, President of the L. L. & G. R. R. Co., to say that the extension of the Southern Kansas Railroad from Independence west will be made as fast as it can be done with the net earnings of the L. L. & G. and Southern Kansas road and individual subscriptions on the part of the bondholders of both roads, provided that aid of $4,000 per mile is secured. While they expect to accomplish more, they are willing to guarantee that the road will be finished to Elk City this year, to Elk Falls next year, and through Cowley County the year before. Yours,

GEO. H. NETTLETON, Gen. Manager.

B. S. HENNING, Receiver.

The Elk county Ledger says the surest indications we have seen that the L. L. & G. railroad is to be extended west is the fact that Independence is terribly scared. The people of that city send delegations out to Elk County to discourage and prevent our people from taking measures to secure the building of the L. L. & G. west from Independence. We cannot blame Independence for taking this courseCit is only in self defense.

But if the people of Elk and Cowley counties really want a standard gauge road built through their respective counties, they have only to take hold with a will and pull together, and, in our opinion, they will secure the road within a few months. We are confident that it intends to build the road right away, and if it will give the proper guarantees that it will pass through the center of the county, there will be comparatively little trouble in securing the amount of bonds asked for, i. e., $4,000. Press.




A Chance to Make Money.

The Legislature at last session passed a law, a portion of which reads like this:

That the county commissioners of the several counties within the State shall issue county warrants to the person killing, to the amount of one dollar for every wolf, coyote, wild cat, or fox, and five cents for each rabbit killed in said county. . . .

The person to whom the bounty is awarded shall deliver the scalps of the animal, containing both ears, who shall cause the same to be destroyed. This act does not apply to counties having a total property valuation of less than $5. This act shall not be enforced until the same has been ordered by the board of county commissioners.

It is the intention of the county clerk to range these scalps around the walls of his office, and he thinks thus to be enabled to start quite a respectable museum in course of time. Wolves are quite plenty in the southern part of the county, hence here's an opportunity for the young men having nothing to do to occupy their spare time with profit to themselves and the county.




Mr. Titus, of Cowley County, has recovered $100 damages from Mr. Corking, the latter having bitten off a part of Mr. Titus' ear. This pays better than the old testament rule of "an ear for an ear." Commonwealth.

How are you "an ear for an ear" for an old testament quotation? You will have to read scripture more frequently, Prentiss. Besides, it was Corking that lost the ear.




The Arrival, Yesterday, of the Defaulting

Wichita First National Bank President,

Being Accompanied by a United States Detective,

And Adorned With a Pair of Steel Bracelets.


Mr. Chas. Jones, a United States Deputy Marshal, of Wichita, arrived in the city yesterday at noon, accompanied by the very Rev. J. C. Faker, ex-clergyman and ex-President of the First National Bank, the funds of which, ably assisted by Eldridge, the cashier, and Wright, the teller, he succeeded in getting away with. Eldridge and Wright were indicted at the last session of the United States District Court at Topeka, but when the officers of the law cast their eyes about them in search of the festive and religious Fraker, no trace of him could be found, he having folded up his little tent and his carpet bag and gone off somewhere on a visit for the benefit of his health. But


The ubiquitous United States detective smelled him out and found that the devout defaulter was on his way to the friendly land of Mexico, that paradise of defaulters and criminals generally. Fraker played it sharp. He didn't disguise himself as a tramp, or pass himself off as an Italian count. He changed his name to James Franks, and represented himself as


with $35,000 cash, wanted to buy some of the fertile woodlands and prairies of Texas. He shaved off his whiskers, and except to an intimate acquaintance, he couldn't have been recognized by any photograph in existence. And that's they way the managed it. They sent a intimate acquaintance in the shape and form of the United States Deputy Marshal, Charles Jones, who followed him with steady pertinacity and stealthy persistence until he finally had the pleasure of turning over his man to the tender mercies of the United States Marshal in this city, yesterday. They didn't have the easiest time imaginable in capturing the revered rogue, as he was nervy and


sufficient to shoot his revolver a few times before being taken. The scene of his capture was El Paso County, Texas, near Isletia, about two weeks ago. He is under bonds of $9,000, and it is understood that the U. S. District Attorney Peck will endeavor to have it raised. In the meantime the revered gentleman is occupying his time between meals in playing checkers with his nose, which, although probably a more pleasant recreation, is hardly as profitable as robbing National Banks. Leavenworth Times.




We had the pleasure, Saturday, of a call from Maj. Frank North, of this city. Maj. North has for some time been in command of the Pawnee scouts in the service of the Government, numbering several hundred, and was on his way back to camp at Sidney, Nebraska, from the Indian Territory, to which place he had taken the scouts, they now being discharged of service because the Cheyennes have surrendered and there is no serious trouble anywhere with Indians. Maj. North, though a native of New York, has passed most of his life on the frontier, and is one of the best known and most skillful Indian fighters in the service. He is very well informed in regard to the Indians, and acts as interpreter, as he can speak the language of a number of Indian tribes.

In personal appearance, Maj. North looks just like one would expect an Indian scout and frontiersman to look. Tall, athletic, keen eyed, with his perceptive and observing faculties prominently developed, easy and quick in his movements, and with just such features and expression as we should think an artist would portray were he designing the portrait of a man whose business it was to cope with the wily savage and force him to retire before the advancing wave of civilization, we found Maj. North a man worth listening to.

The Pawnee tribe, which occupies a reservation in the Indian Territory, is always called upon to furnish scouts in case of war with hostile Indians, and in some of the recent battles with the Cheyennes, these scouts have done most of the fighting.

Major North left on Monday for Sidney, and will remain in the service of the Government if the army is not largely reduced in consequence of the failure of Congress to appropriate money for it as usual. Emporia News.




The Commissioners, last Saturday, licensed a ferry on the Arkansas River at Oxford. Messrs. Murphy and Carroll will run it. Their application for license was hotly contested by other parties. Press.




The city of Newton lost one thousand dollars worth of bridges by the late flood.

Many sheep, cattle, and hogs were drowned in the vicinity of Sedgwick City, by the flood.

E. G. Topping lost three cows, and J. N. Hayes fifty lambs, near Sedgwick City, by the flood.

Henry Stansbury was drowned at the mouth of Sand Creek, south of El Paso, on Sunday last.

The dam across the Little Arkansas, at Halstead, was swept away by the late flood, and the mill damaged to the amount of $3,000.

The fine bridge over the ArkansasRriver at Oxford withstood the fury of the surging waters until 12 o'clock Saturday night, when it too weakened and went out.

Gatling, the inventor of the celebrated Gatling gun, formerly lived at White Cloud, Kansas.

J. C. Fraker, the Wichita fugitive banker arrested in Texas, passed down the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe yesterday guarded by two men, and in irons.

The chief engineer of the Santa Fe road says $5,000 will cover all damages to the track of that road by the recent floods.

A part of the Ponca tribe of Indians, in about 25 wagons, passed through here Wednesday en route to their new reservation in the Indian Territory. They had been 45 days on the road from Dacotah, and number nearly two hundred of all ages. The white men had charge of the party. The balance of the tribe will be along in about a month. Emporia News.




MORE rain. GREEN peas. NEW potatoes. STRAWBERRIES are ripe. RIPE cherries in market. MOSQUITOES plenty along the river.

New gilt sign over L. H. Gardner & Co.'s.

MR. TISDALE, proprietor of the stage line, came over the road last week.

The ferry boat at Oxford tipped up and put one man in the river last Friday.

WANTED. A good canvasser wanted in each township to travel for the TRAVELER.

The house of Mr. Samuel Hoyt, in Canada, was burned before he reached it, after leaving this place.

JOSEPH H. SHERBURNE started for Washington last Monday on business pertaining to Indian contracts.

A horse of A. C. Wells was drowned in the Walnut last Saturday while he was endeavoring to get it across.

WM. SPEERS had a new boat made and is carrying all parties with grists for his mill free of charge across the Arkansas.

O. P. HOUGHTON was taken suddenly ill last Friday with a severe cramp and chill, and was considered dangerously sick for awhile.

MR. REXFORD sold his 80 acre farm north of town to Mr. Campbell, of Clay County, Kansas, for $300. Mr. Campbell has moved upon the place.

THEORIZING. Al. Mowry, Frank Speers, the editor, and half a dozen other old bachelors were looking at Walker's new house last week, and making calculations.

VOYAGERS. Tom and Jake Haney and Hallett, with their wives, started on a journey to Arkansas in a small boat last week. They were making twelve miles an hour when last seen.



Southern Kansas to Have a Railroad.

By a letter from E. P. Bancroft, of Emporia, to S. P. Channell, of this place, we learn that the contract for the grading of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad in Lyon County will be let on the 15th inst., and the bridge for the Cottonwood River has been ordered, and is now being made at Chicago. Judge Peyton, of Emporia, has been appointed right of way commissioner for Lyon County, to adjust claims. The contract for the stone work of the Cottonwood bridge will be let this week, and work commenced on it as soon as the water will permit. The work will be pushed rapidly until the south line of Butler is reached.



The usual quiet and sereneness of our peaceable and moral town was somewhat modified last Sunday afternoon by an old cow getting her head fast in an empty salt barrel in front of the City Bakery. There happened (as usual) to be a number of small boys and several grown men standing nearby, and when the old cow launched out in a bewildered manner, they laughed.

"Small boys should not be laughing around on Sundays," an elderly gentleman remarked. But they did laugh. And the men looking on laughed tooCin fact, everybody laughed. But when the Dutchman sprang out and engaged in a foot race with her, yelling, "So! Bossi!" they more than laughed. That was bad. Finally, after crawling on her knees, standing on her hind feet, and bumping against a house or two, the animal stopped, and all said, "So, Bossi. Just so a minute." During the few minutes of the "so," the barrel was extricated and the bovine liberated; and soon after you could hear "the best children in the world" telling what a fine show there had been up at Hermann's. It will be no use to be on hand next Sunday, for while the show is an entirely new thing, it never repeats itself at any town, no matter how sanguine they may be of success. For the benefit of those who may not be able to acquaint themselves of the fact, we will state that Mike Harkins was alive yet when last heard from.


That equable state of the mind which is unruffled by trifling incidents, and looks on the sunny side of things in general, is the result of a healthful state of the brain and stomach. The dyspeptic and nervous invalid mayCalthough this is rare indeedCfeign cheerfulness, and bear the harassing symptoms which persecute him with an assumption of heroic indifference, but in reality he is the victim of despondency. To experience genuine cheerfulness of mind, the stomach must recover its lost tone, and the thinking organ its normal quietude.

To accomplish this no better remedy can be given than to partake three times each day of Kellogg & Hoyt's refreshing drink, known as "spring chicken," made of a whole lemon, an egg, some sugar, and ice cold water. You will say it is the best beverage you ever drank.



The Clerk of this township engaged a boat last week, and went down the Arkansas as far as Deer Creek, in search of the missing bridge. On the island at the mouth of the Walnut, he found one bottom cord and part of the flooring lodged in the trees. The next lot, one whole span was found on an island near Mr. Myers' in good condition. Someone had been taking it to pieces, and some of the iron was carried away. About two miles this side of Deer Creek, another lot was found, badly broken. Fully one-half of the missing part was found, and information gained that one span and a half had lodged near the Kaw Agency. They also learned that a considerable portion of a red painted bridge was lying near the mouth of Deer Creek.


As we were passing by the fashionable bootmaker's shop, one dreary night this week, we heard the gentle voice of that Anglo-Saxon, Al. Horn, indulging in the following hymn.

"Blow, oh blow, ye gentle breezes,

All among the leaves and treeses.

Sing, oh sing, ye heavenly muses,

And I will make your boots and shoozes."

A delegation soon waited on him and carried him out. The effort was attended with such exertion that he became too prostrated to walk alone.


EVERGREENS. June is the month for planting the evergreen tree. No tree excels the evergreen for adornment, and many more would be planted if it were not that most of those purchased heretofore have died. Mr. Trissell has a fine lot next to Kellogg & Hoyt's store that are fresh and growing, and he insures them to grow for $3 each. Inasmuch as he is living among us, and makes it his everyday duty to look after them, a better chance will not be offered to secure them.


We are glad to learn that arrangements have been made at Newark, New Jersey, for the extensive manufacture of the only successful peach paring machine ever invented, and that they will be placed on the market within the present year. Robert P. Scott, of Cadiz, Ohio, is the inventor of the long needed household implement, by whom all communications will be answered. His address it is No. 23 Orange Street, Newark, N. J.


COMPLAINTS are made of cattle running at large, and injuring shade trees and gardens. Notice is hereby given that all cattle found loose after this date will be taken up and held for

damages. Cattle must not be turned loose until the herders come for them.

W. J. GRAY, City Marshal.






That's what's the matter with those "spring chickens" at Kellogg & Hoyt's.


The practice of some of our businessmen taking midnight baths on the main street of town, during the refreshing showers, has become too well known for them to continue the practice without an audience.


SPRING CHICKENS with ice is what Kellogg & Hoyt propose to cool off on this summer. Try one and you'll not forget itCnor regret it.


GETTING the Santa Fe road down the Walnut Valley is like trying to make a whistle out of a pig's tailCit was made for another useful purpose. The hog is at Winfield, however, and the tail should be also.


The Courier wants another railroad election in Rock Township on the fourth of July. The lawyers got so tired hanging around Winfield that it is a treat for them to run up into Rock and startle the people with big stories.

MARRIED. On Saturday evening, May 19th, at the residence of the bride, by Rev. J. L. Rusbridge, Mr. Phillip Stump and Mrs. E. F. Kennedy.

Crossing Rush bridge has put an end to his Stumping around. How Ken he die.




DON'T forget those Spring Chickens!


WILL MOWRY keeps the best brands of Smoking and Fine Cut Tobaccos.


There will be a meeting of the Directors of the South Kansas & Western Railroad Company at Cedar Vale, Chautauqua Co., Saturday, June 9th. E. B. HIBBARD, Secretary.


$20 PER ACRE. The southwest quarter of Section 19, excepting fifteen acres, is for sale. It adjoins the town site on the north for over 130 rods; it is fertile and valuable. Inquire of L. C. Norton.



M. E. SOCIAL. A social will be given under the auspices of the M. E. Church, at Pearson's Hall, on next Wednesday evening, June 13th, to which all are cordially invited. Ice cream will be served at fifteen cents per dish, and lemonade at five cents a glass, so that it will come within the reach of all. A programme has been arranged for the evening exercises and amusements guaranteed. Anyone who attends and does not speak during the evening will be entitled to a treat. The proceeds will be devoted to paying for the erection of the new church, which we all take pride in seeing completed. Come one, come all, and enjoy a pleasant evening.


STRUCK BY LIGHTNING. During the thunder shower Sunday evening, William Crabb, residing on Posey Creek, was struck by lightning. He had been to church and returned home, and took the saddle off his horse, and was picketing his horse out when he was struck near the neck, the bolt ranging down his body, tearing his vest and pants, and breaking both legs. He was not found until the next morning.


NEW TOWN. BERRY BROTHERS are having a building erected on the south side of the Arkansas, near the bridge, and intend placing half of their large stock of groceries over there. Mr. Woodard will open a blacksmith shop, and an effort is being made to have Dr. Cormack locate on that side. If all parties go, they will make quite a little village.


The officers of School District No. 2 (Arkansas City), met at Mitchell's office, May 30th, and accepted the application of Mr. Edwin Thompson, as principal of the school for the ensuing year, commencing September 1st, 1877, at $80 per month, for ten months school. Miss Ela remains as Assistant.


One of the Winfield agrarians, who was lately up in Rock Township, actually voted his last twenty-five-cent shinplaster, and never discovered his mistake until he was kicked out of Old Joe's saloon for offering his ballot in payment for a glass of "red-eye" which he had just swallowed.


The Telegram promising us a railroad reminds us of the story of a fond mother who took her darling on her knee, and then a loaf, intending to make bread and butter for it; but by a strange fatality she buttered the child's face, and cut its head off before she discovered her mistake.


Mr. and Mrs. Eddy, of Adrian, Michigan, parents of E. D. Eddy, of this place, are making their son a short visit, in this new land of promise. Both parties are over seventy years of age and know what it is to grow up with a new country.


We have a sample of May wheat measuring four feet and ten inches in length, with heads five inches long, grown on Carder's farm on the Arkansas bottoms. Talk about sandy land not growing anything. It is the best.


LAWSUIT. A suit took place yesterday before Esquire Bonsall, J. P., between Samuel Endicott and Mr. Beach over some ponies. Mitchell and Christian were attorneys for Endicott and Kager for Mr. Beach.


BOLTON TOWNSHIP, June 3, 1877.

Friend Scott: As I have had some experience in buying fruit trees of canvassers since I have lived here, I thought I would let your patrons and my neighbors know who is the best man to buy of. I first bought $53 worth of T. A. Wilkinson; they are all dead. I then bought of Blair Brothers; their trees did not fill the bill, and I would not take them. I then bought 100 trees of W. B. Trissell, some four years old and some two years old. I set the 4-year-old trees out last fall, and mulched them well; heeled in the 2-year-old trees, and set them out this spring; have not lost a tree. Four of the 4-year-old trees had over 50 blossoms each; and one of them has two apples on itCthe Ben Davis varietyCand look very thrifty.

I would say to all who intend to purchase fruit trees, try Mr. Trissell once, and you will try him always. He takes great pains, in taking up his trees, to have good roots on them.



A special from Denison, Texas, May 11th, says: Capt. Lee, commanding the post of Fort Griffin, Texas, with a party of 40 soldiers and 15 Tonkaway Indians, surprised a band of Comanches 150 miles west of the post of Griffin on the 4th inst., killed four, and captured six squaws, 69 horses, 12 lodges, and a quantity of supplies. On the 6th, he captured and burned three lodges and some supplies. Casualties, one negro sergeant killed. These Indians had been depredating on the buffalo hunters, running off their horses, and otherwise harassing them. The success of this scout will be a wholesome lesson to marauders.





The undersigned will sell at auction, to the highest bidder, for cash in hand, at Fort Sill, Indian Territory, Wednesday, June 27, 1877, at 1 o'clock, p.m., the following condemned Government property.

12 Horses, 13 Mules, 12 Army Wagons, 6 single sets Ambulance Harness, 31 single sets Wagon Harness, 8 Wagon Saddles, 1 Range, 2 Cooking and heating Stoves, 1 Water wagon, 5 monkey wrenches, 38 chisels, 3 compasses, 4 gauges, 10 carpenter's hatchets, 4 drawing knives, 1 boring machine, 3 blacksmith's cutting nippers, 14 planes, 28 wood rasps, 2 saddler's cutting nippers, two wheelbarrows, 26 axes, two camp hatchets, 5 spades, and 9 shovels.

At the same time and placeC28 pounds Butter, 272 pounds Lard, 15 cans Plums, 10 cans Cranberry sauce, 5 pounds Green Tea.

Property to be removed at time of sale.

By order of the Department Commander:


1st Lieut. 4th Cavalry,

A. A. Q. M. & A. C. S.


STRAWBERRIES will soon be ripe.

STRAW HATS are becoming plenty.

EDDY'S fountain continues to flow.

SUMNER COUNTY hankers after a jail.

FARMERS are now busy plowing corn.

HARVEST will be on hand in two weeks.

THE FLOOD carried away every bridge in Sumner County.

LIPPMANN's mill it is now at work sawing lumber for Mr. Coombs.

The Oxford Independent is advertising R. Hoffmaster, as a livery man, yet.

WYARD GOOCH started down the Arkansas to Deer Creek last Friday in search of the bridge lately carried away.

RYE. Russell Cowles left us a bunch of rye last week measuring six feet, three inches in length, with heads nine inches long. Who can beat it?

The "June half" of taxes are due this month. If one-half of your taxes are paid on or before December 20th, a rebate of five percent will be made.



ABOUT FORTY PAWNEE INDIANS passed on the west side of the Arkansas last Wednesday, on their way to the Agency. They had thirty ponies and twenty-five Sioux scalps with them. They crossed the river at Great Bend.


The Stock Protective Union met Thursday night of last week, and elected Rudolph Hoffmaster, Captain, and Frank Lorry, First Lieutenant. The object of the organization is to prevent stock stealing, and follow the transgressors.


PARTIES who first came to this section say that large logs of drift wood were found on the bottom between the bluff on the north and this town, proving that at one time the river was fully five feet higher than it was during the late flood.


A suspicious looking character with two large revolvers strapped on him was seen hiding in the sand hills of the Arkansas south of town last week. He came into town at night and returned again before morning. He evidently was waiting on an opportunity to steal a horse.


RESIGNED. WM. BURGESS, AGENT OF THE PAWNEE INDIANS, has resigned his position on account of his poor health, and returned to his former home at Columbus, Nebraska. Mr. Burgess made many friends during his stay in the Territory and won the esteem of all who knew him.


One of the new laws passed requires that all deeds shall be registered with the county clerk before the register of deeds can receive them. The clerk is allowed five cents for registering each town lot transfer and ten cents for each description of land, and the register is liable to a fine of five dollars for recording a deed not having been first registered with the clerk. By a decision of the Attorney General, these fees belong to the clerk and not to the county.


A charter has been granted to the Elk Valley and Western Railroad Company. Place of business, Montgomery, Elk, and Cowley counties. Directors: M. D. Henry, J. C. Jocelyn, W. W. Woodring, Emery J. Sweet, Geo. B. Dusinberrie, M. S. Manswell, B. H. Clover, Jas. E. Platter, and S. B. Fleming.




A government train, composed of 72 wagons, accompanied by about 170 of the Ponca tribe of Indians from Dakota Territory, on their way to the Quapaw reservation in the Indian Territory, passed through town yesterday. The balance of the tribe, numbering about 700 in all, are yet to come. The party yesterday were in charge of Col. Kimball, the inspector of Indian Agencies.



TRAVELER, JUNE 13, 1877.

In Lawrence the Board of Education has reemployed all the city teachers, twenty in number. The wages of the teachers, however, were reduced, the principal hereafter receiving $90 instead of $100 per month, and a corresponding reduction being made throughout all the grades. Commonwealth.

A few years ago Lawrence paid the principal $1,900 a year.


From Silverdale.

SILVERDALE, June 11th, 1877.

"The floods came and the rain descended, and beat against that house; and it fell, and great was the fall thereof," so thought Mr. Turner, last week, when his house went down the Arkansas. The old man stayed in it until one-half of the foundation had been swept away. We need not say that the house was built on the sand; it was nevertheless. The oldest inhabitant never saw the like of this "right smart" rise of water, as some of them will have it.

The Haney brothers and Mr. Hallett started down the river last Tuesday, the 31st of May. Their boat was well made, and large enough to carry 20 tons. It was 12 x 80 feet, with gunnels 4 x 16 inches, with an additional plank, 2 x 10, pinned down four inches on the outside of the main gunnel, giving a depth of 22 inches. When loaded with their household goods, it drew about six inches of water. The good wishes of all their friends accompany them on their way. Mr. Haney intends to work at his trade in Arkansas.

The good people of Grouse valley and vicinity are going to have a grand jollification on the Fourth of July. We are going to have an old fashioned celebration. The fair damsels of Southeast Cowley will vie with each other in "fixing up." Speeches will be made, toasts given, and responded to. Vocal and instrumental music will be one of the main features of the day.

A greased pole will be on the grounds with money, of course, on the top of it for the lucky climber. Sack races and other amusements will be engaged in, such as swinging, playing croquet, etc. A mammoth kite will be raised for the benefit of the wee ones. The many citizens of Arkansas City are invited to attend and see what country Jakes can do, for all on the programme live in the country. Come out and see for yourselves. Young men bring out your sweethearts and see how people act in the rural districts.

The celebration will take place on the premises of Mr. J. O. West, in Southeast Creswell, about 20 rods from three of the best springs in the county; no one need get thirsty, as is often the case at celebrations. We again say come and enjoy yourselves.




TRAVELER, JUNE 13, 1877.

MAPLE CITY, KAN., June 11th.

We had the pleasure of a visit to the east part of Elk County, in company with Wm. T. Benson, of McLean County, Illinois. Our drive from home to Fall River was pleasant and interesting. We must give Elk County credit for the finest gardens, orchards, and groves of forest trees that we have seen in any new country that we have passed through. But she cannot come up with Cowley County for wheat and corn.

While in Elk County we made especial inquiry in regard to the general feeling of the people in regard to the "Parsons & Puget Sound Railroad." We found but one man who favored the proposition; he claimed to have the heart disease, but as he could not tell us why he was in favor of the proposition, we concluded that his brain was more effected than his heart.

On the way homeward we met two gentlemenCone of whom hailed from Winfield. We suppose they were up there to "steal a march on the boys," and tell them how to vote.

Crops in this vicinity are looking well, notwithstanding the recent heavy rains have kept the farmers out of their corn fields most of the time for over a week.

Mr. Southard is doing a lively business in general merchandise. Mr. Ketcham is teaching an interesting school in "Pinch Nickel" district, No. 58. More anon. OBSERVER.



TRAVELER, JUNE 13, 1877.

If the people will take hold of the enterprise, we think a railroad can be had through this county in a short time. The L. L. & G. road, we feel sure, desires to extend its business westward, and it could do no better than to run through Chautauqua County towards Arkansas City, even if it should run through Elk County. This would make no difference to us. It could easily do both, and we are inclined to think would be so, if the requisite aid were given, in both.

We regard it as almost certain that the Missouri and Western railroad from Oswego will be extended to Independence this season. The officers of this road were at Independence this week to see what could be done in that direction and the people of Independence are wide awake on the matter, and are extremely anxious to secure the road, if possible. We doubt not they will succeed in doing so.

Here are two chances for us to secure a road if we act promptly and at once. On account of high waters, the Directors of the South Kansas & Western Railway have had no meeting for some time past, but will have one as soon as possible. It is very important that they should; and also be prepared to make a contract where it can be done for the best interests of our people to procure a road through this county to Arkansas City and westward.

Peru News.



TRAVELER, JUNE 13, 1877.

Killed by Lightning.

Mr. Wm. Crabb, of Pleasant Valley township, was killed by lightning on Sunday night last. He had just returned from church to his farm, turned his horse out in the pasture, and started to the house, when the bolt struck him on the fore part of the head, passing down his body and lower limbs to the ground. In its passage down, his shirt front was torn out and both boots torn nearly off his feet. He was, it is supposed, walking toward the house, when struck by the force of the stroke and was whirled completely around so that when found he lay on his face with his head toward the pasture. He was a single man, and was boarding with a family living in his house; and they, supposing that he had gone home from church with some of the neighbors, thought nothing of his absence. Hence, he was not discovered until the following morning.

The coroner, upon hearing of the accident, empaneled a jury and drove down. The investigation brought out no facts except those mentioned above.

Mr. Crabb was a young man, well respected and liked by all who knew him, and great sorrow over his death is expressed by all his neighbors and friends. Telegram.



TRAVELER, JUNE 13, 1877.

The following dispatch was received at Chicago on the 5th.

Headquarters Yellow Stone Command,

Cantonment at Tongue River,

Wyoming Territory, May 16, 1877.

On the 7th inst., the hostile Sioux camp of 510 lodges, under Large Deer, was surrendered, captured, and destroyed. Four hundred and fifty horses, mules, and provisions were captured, and fourteen Indians left dead on the field, including the principal chief, leader and head warrior, Iron Star.

Our loss in killed: Privates Chas. A. Martindale and Frank Glacksueky, Company F, 2nd cavalry, and Privates Peter Lewis and Chas. Springer, Company H, 2nd cavalry.

Wounded: Second Lieut. A. M. Fuller, 2nd cavalry, right shoulder; Private R. W. Jeffey, Company G, 2nd cavalry, in scalp; Private Samuel Fryer, Company F, 2nd cavalry, right arm; Private Wm. Oweer, Company F, 2nd cavalry, right hand; Private Polk Ryan, Company G, 2nd cavalry, left arm; Private Thomas D. Gilmore, Company H, 2nd cavalry, neck; Private Fred Wilkers, Company L, 2nd cavalry, left hand; and Private Wm. Leonard, Company L, 2nd cavalry, chin wounded. They are in a comfortable condition.

Particulars reported by mail.


Col. Commanding.

This is the first official intelligence of the battle received at military headquarters.



TRAVELER, JUNE 13, 1877.

The stage came in last Sunday.

The wheat harvest begins this week.

The Winfield public schools closed last week.

The City Marshal began shooting dogs last Monday.

The Shilocco is navigable for frogs up to the county line of Sumner.

They haven't seen a wolf or killed a wild cat up at Kager's for a week.

Dr. Shepard was taken suddenly sick Saturday night. He is up again now.

Russell Cowles commenced cutting a twenty-acre field of wheat on Monday last.

Mr. Marshall, of Pennsylvania, has come out to see the land of milk and honey.

GEORGE NEWMAN, OF EMPORIA, retails more dry goods than any other house in Kansas.



The rivers are again on a high, and out of the banks. "How long, Oh Lord, how long."

HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN are going to put a grocery over the Arkansas. A feed stable would pay there now.

The stage does not run to Winfield now. Passengers and mail matter change coaches at a station a few miles west of town.

BENEDICT & BRO. have greatly improved their store by elevating the floor of their work room to a level with the salesroom.

E. J. Hoyt returned to El Dorado yesterday. He says the band boys at that place are going to have a big time on the 20th of July.

A couple of thieves are held at Osage Agency for stealing ponies from the Indians. One is an orphan, fourteen years of age.

MRS. BONSALL has a beautiful night-blooming jasmine in full bloom. The perfume is strongest between eight and ten o'clock in the evening.

ONE OF THE PAWNEE SCOUTS was shot and killed at Hays City, while on his way to the Indian reservation. It is claimed the shooting was done by mistake.

DAVE FINNEY visited Osage Agency last week, and reports plenty of water at that place. Mr. Beede was expected to leave last Sunday, leaving J. L. Stubbs in charge.

The foreman of the Telegram fell in a hole last week, and now has to bathe himself in chloride of lime for his health. His extreme length is all that saved him.

The editor has gone off excurting to the mountains. He started yesterday morning, leaving the office in charge of the boys. "Bully, bully, bully, bully, bully."

MR. CHAMBERS, a member of the Free Methodist church, preached on the street in front of Haywood's store last Saturday. His sermon was generally well received.


Arkansas River Bridge.

BRIDGE. A talk upon bridge matters was had by our merchants yesterday afternoon, but no definite line of action was decided upon. The question of repairing the break in the bridge across the Arkansas, either by means of an iron span (which would cost some $5,000) or a pontoon bridge to join on to the half of the old bridge still standing, was warmly discussed, as was the proposition to build a pontoon bridge west of town. The most feasible scheme would seem to be to repair the old bridge, using whatever of the old timbers that could be recovered.

Mr. Wyard Gooch, the township Treasurer, made a trip down the Arkansas last week to see if any portion of the lost spans could be recovered, and reports that he found at least one-third of the missing timbers that would be available for repairs.

Many of the farmers upon whose land the timbers were left by the flood have offered to return them to the bridge site free of charge if it is decided to use them.

Something should be done in this matter at once, for in some cases portions of the lumber of the wreck have been sold. In this connection we cannot help contrasting the activity of Mr. Gooch, both at the time of the break and since, with the apathy of the Trustee, whose duty it is to look after such matters, and for which he is paid.


DECEIVED. While we were enjoying a pleasant chat with Mr. Hoyt, at half past twelve one school day, three small boys came loitering along in front of the drug store, leisurely wending their way to school. By chance one glanced at the dumb clock in the window, when he exclaimed: "Good gracious! Seven minutes to two!" and the next minute the linen coat tail of the slowest was whipping around the corner of Hartsock's. When they arrived at the schoolhouse and found no one there, they could not account for it, and now denounce Perry Woodard in strong terms for causing such unusual exertion.


COBAUGH, the boy who stole the pony of Smythia, was caught at Fredonia, last week, and brought back. He had traded the animal off, but he told where it was, so that the property was recovered. He says he hardly knows what made him steal the pony.


There will be a meeting Bolton township at Bland's school house, on Saturday evening, June 16th, for the purpose of making arrangements for a grand celebration on July 4th. All are invited.


AT THIS WRITING, BOTH THE ARKANSAS AND WALNUT RIVERS ARE FALLING, and the fine weather of the past few days bids fair to continue.


For purifying your blood, and restoring the liver to healthy action, use a preparation of Sarsaparilla, Dandelion, and Iodide Potassium. All Physicians recommend it. For weakness, indigestion, and a debilitated system, it will be found beneficial. Sold at E. D. Eddy, Kellogg & Hoyt, and L. H. Gardner.


PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX. The penalty will be added on personal property tax after June 20th, and warrants for the collection of the same will be issued forthwith. All persons who have not already paid their taxes will do well to do so on or before the 20th inst.


CHRIS. BIRDZELL was capsized into the Walnut last Sunday while crossing the river in a boat to see his dulciana, and had to remain in a tree several hours before he was liberated.


Notice the large mirrors in Houghton & McLaughlin's. Mac says they will make a homely man look handsome. The editor has ordered a couple of them placed in his sanctum.


On Tuesday the Sheriff of Sumner County arrested at Arkansas City, this county, on a requisition from the Governor of Iowa, one John O. Fieldkirchner, of State Center, Marshal County, Iowa, and lodged him in the Winfield jail to await further orders. The young man is charged with seduction, which under the laws of the State of Iowa is very severely punished. Telegram.


The Wichita and Winfield road through the valley is in a miserable condition. The parties responsible for the keeping up of the roads, etc., should give this immediate attention. A team can be driven from the ridge to Arkansas City about as soon as it can be driven through the valley to Winfield. Telegram.



TRAVELER, JUNE 13, 1877.


WINFIELD, June 5, 1877.

NOTICE is hereby given that the Board of Commissioners of Cowley County, Kansas, will, at their regular July session, award the contract for the keeping of the paupers of said county to the lowest responsible bidder: Said contract to be made for a period of six months. All bids to be filed with the County Clerk on or before the 2nd day of July, 1877. The Board reserves the right to reject any and all bids.

M. G. TROUP, County Clerk.



DIED. On Friday, June 1st, the wife of Joseph Burtch.

HAYWOOD's harvesting machinery has come on and it is now ready for those who want them.


THE SAW FRAME OF LIPPMANN'S MILL was lost in the river while crossing in a boat at Newman's mill last Wednesday.


BRIDGE FOUND. Mr. Henry Hanson, living about seven miles up the Arkansas River, informs us that a bridge 100 feet long with floor and all complete has lodged on an island near his place.


NARROW ESCAPE. Lyman Herrick and Miss Urquehart attempted to ford Wolf creek in the Indian Nation, about sixteen miles from this place, last Wednesday, and barely escaped with their lives. The team of horses were drowned.



The editor is in Leavenworth today, attending the Kansas Editorial Convention, and will leave for Denver and the Rocky Mountains tomorrow. They expect to be absent two weeks, going via Santa Fe railway and returning on the Kansas Pacific.


CONTRACT FOR FREIGHT. Houghton & McLaughlin have been awarded the contract for transporting Indian goods from Wichita to the Pawnee and Kaw Agencies. Edward Fenlow received the contract for hauling the goods for the Osages, and those for the Sac and Fox and their stations was awarded to D. C. Blossom, of Muskogee, Indian Territory.


John Broderick Drowned.

On last Thursday, as John Broderick, of Salt City, was attempting to cross the Nenescah River on a ferry boat, with a team of mules, the boat was capsized by the mules becoming frightened and jumping, and all were thrown into the river. Mr. Broderick went under the water at the first plunge, and drowned with very little exertion. He will be remembered by many in this locality.


CAPT. NORTH had several adventures in getting away from Caldwell, during the high water last week. Leaving Caldwell he drove to the Sha-was-cos-pa where he found a ferry, and put his buggy and sample cases on it. Before the boat was half way across it tipped over, the buggy rolled off, and in a minute the whole outfit was rolling down stream. One minute the pole would be up, then the wheels, then the top, and nothing could be seen. Capt. North followed the vehicle a mile down the river to where it lodged among the willows. After considerable trouble it was taken out and repaired and started again. At Slate Creek he put the buggy on a ferry at that place, and had gone but a few feet from the shore when the boat tipped over and emptied its contents into the creek. The Captain had taken the precaution this time to take everything he had left out of the buggy. After many hours delay, the buggy was taken out, and he continued his journey. Endurance and pluck is all that carried him through.



TRAVELER, JUNE 20, 1877.

EMPORIA, KAS., June 14, 1877.


I arrived here todayCThursday, having been detained one day at Wichita. The road from Arkansas City was comparatively good, except one fearful mud hole one mile from Wichita, where the empty stage stuck, with four horses attached.

The wash-out near Ellinwood, on the A., T. & S. F. has been repaired and trains are running regularly. Wichita is dull, but not muddy any longer. All freight is behind time, and parties from Winfield and Arkansas City were anxiously waiting for it to come in.

No trains run over the Missouri Pacific. Passengers go via Atchison.

On the Arkansas River at Wichita I saw a boat 100 feet long by 16 feet wide, loaded with 27 reaping machines for Oxford and Wellington.

Col. Young, Gen. Course, and S. L. Simons, one of the directors and Treasurer of the Chicago & St. Louis Air Line Railway, are expected here every day. The following dispatch has just been received.

CHICAGO, ILL., June 13, 1877.

E. P. BANCROFT: Would like to have directors give attention to obtain right of way, at once. Refer to Engineers for location. Make costs within estimates.


The following notice appeared in the Emporia papers and shows the Company means to build the road.




EMPORIA, June 8th, 1877.

BIDS will be received at this office until June 25th for the earth work and masonry on the first division of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad, from Emporia to the crossing of the Verdigris River in Greenwood County. Profiles, plans, and specifications can be seen at the office of the Chief Engineer, at Emporia, on and after June 20th, 1877. Bids will be received for all or any portion of the work. Bidders will be required to complete their contracts within ninety days from date of letting. The Company reserve the right to reject any or all bids. Successful bidder will be required to give a satisfactory bond to the Company for the due completion of their contracts.

L. B. FULLER, Chief Engineer.

Everybody is interested in the enterprise here, and have no other idea than that the road will be completed before the time specified. Work has already begun and will be continued all winter. The profiles to the south side of the Verdigris River will be completed next Saturday. Distance twenty miles.

Mr. Jackson and Williams of Winfield were here yesterday, returning from Topeka, where they had been endeavoring to get a proposition from the Santa Fe Company. They were not much elated over the result of their visit.

W. H. Walker and myself separated at this place. He went on to Cincinnati, to be absent two months, and will return with a frow. C. M.



TRAVELER, JUNE 20, 1877.

A Basket Picnic will be held in Captain Smith's Grove, west of the Arkansas, on the Fourth of July. A cordial invitation is extended to all. The following committees have been appointed.

COMMITTEE ON VOCAL MUSIC: Estella Burnett, A. Lorry.

BAND: L. Herrick.

GROUNDS: C. J. Beck, S. Pepper, W. Linton, O. C. Smith, J. D. Guthrie,

H. J. Donnelly.

AMUSEMENTS: Lyman Herrick, Henry Endicott Jr.


MARSHALS: J. K. Stevens, John Lewis.

Calithumpians will appear just before dinner, etc.



TRAVELER, JUNE 20, 1877.


The Old Aborigine has Taken Refuge in the British Possessions.

He is interviewed and gives his story in regard to affairs.

Chicago, June 16. A special from Winnipeg, Manitoba, says: Dispatches from Ft. Walsh says Sitting Bull, with 850 lodges, is settling between there and Wood mountain. He claims to have won many victories over the United States troops of which the public know nothing, and exhibits numerous trophies, including arms, wagons, etc., some belonging to Custer's party. He holds that violations of federal treaties by the United States warranted his rebellion.

A Bismarck special says Rev. Abbot Martin returned yesterday from a conference with Sitting Bull, held at the latter's camp in the British possession, May 28. Martin, accompanied by six Sioux Indians and an interpreter, was joined while there by Major Walsh and other Canadian officers from Fort Walsh, some sixty miles away.

Sitting Bull was courteous, and very hospitable and attentive. He told the same old story of his errings in an eloquent and fiery speech. The conclusion reached was that Sitting Bull would not return to the United States, but would remain in the British possession. He could not bear the idea of surrendering his possessions, ponies, arms, etc. Besides, he feared for his personal safety. Indians lost all their lodges, many arms and supplies, while crossing the river this spring, and are in a bad condition to continue the war. There are three hundred and twenty lodges, or about 1,000 warriors. The British officers sympathized with them, and assured them of protection during good behavior. Father Martin thinks the band is better off as it is, and recommends that they be encouraged to remain, and believes the Indian war is over.



TRAVELER, JUNE 20, 1877.

WORK ON THE FERRY BOAT it is going lively now.

RAFTERS went up on the M. E. Church last week.

ICE has been in good demand for the past few days. It is selling for 2 cents per pound.

SCHOOL CLOSES. The present term of school will close on Friday the 22nd inst.

SPRING CHICKENS were sold in town last week at twenty-five cents each. Good demand.

The streets have been full of harvesters and other cutting machines for the past three days.

HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN have a branch store on the south side of the Arkansas River.

The road to the Arkansas River south of town has been fixed and is now in good shape for traveling.

RETURNED. JOHN PARDY [?PURDY] has returned from the Black Hills. We believe he took in Texas on his way back.

FORDABLE. The Walnut River became fordable at Harmon's ford, on Monday last, for the first time in six weeks.

BRIDGE. Now that the Walnut is down, we presume that no time will be lost in getting the bridge up at Newman's mill.

BUSTED. The Commercial Insurance Co. of St. Louis, Mo., made an assignment on the 11th inst. Mr. Bonsall was its agent in town.

NEW POSTMASTER. W. T. ESTUS, late P. M. at Silverdale P. O., gave up possession of that office to Israel Tiptor on Saturday evening last.

MARICLE. David Maricle, of Bolton Township, has 400 acres of wheat in first-class order. He commenced cutting on Monday last.

SALTY. MESSRS WILSON and J. I. MITCHELL, of this place, have opened branch stores for the transaction of their respective businesses at Salt City.

"FREE RIDE to the Arkansas" seems to have played out, and the sturdy yeoman is compelled to take a little extra exercise between the river and town.

FOUND. The body of John Broderick, who was drowned some weeks since by the upsetting of a ferry boat on the Nenescah river, has been recovered.

Several self binding Harvesters have been used in this vicinity, doing excellent work and saving an immense amount of labor necessary to harvest a crop.

At last the Walnut is fordable and the farmers are permitted to come to town without the exquisite pleasure of a ride on the ferry and a walk the balance of the way.


HORRIBLE. An experience of anything but a pleasant nature befell Mr. W. H. Nelson, one of our citizens, the other day, or rather night. He relates that upon retiring to bed he fancied there was something in the bed that had'nt ought to be there and arose to make an investigation, but could find nothing, and thinking at the most it could but be a mouse laid down and Morpheused till morning. Sso far so good, but in the morning while dressing, happening to cast his eyes upon the pillow, he beheld a very comely snake of the class which is called copperhead. His snakeship is now expiating his crime in a bottle of alcohol.


Arkansas City Traveler, June 20, 1877.

4TH OF JULY CELEBRATION IN BOLTON. On the fourth of July the citizens of Bolton will have a celebration at Captain Smith's grove and spring about a mile south of the bridge. Judge Christian is to deliver the oration. Amos Walton and other speakers are invited to address the crowd. A good time generally is expected. All are cordially invited to attend, and join in the festivities. Come one, come all, bring your baskets and have a jolly time.


MUDDY. Now that the river it is fordable something should be done towards draining the slue by Dr. Hughes. As it now stands, it is far worse to pull through the mud and water than it ever was last year. The road needs to be thrown up at least 4 feet and a culvert put in. The work done last year was good, but the trouble was that not half enough was done. We cannot expect people to come to town while the approaches thereto are in such bad shape.



NATIVE LUMBER. Wm. Coombs has secured the services of W. L. Lippmann, late of Grouse creek, who now has his saw mill in full blast on Mr. Coombs' land northeast of town. Mr. Lippmann is a thorough master of his business and all needing lumber will do well to see him. He expects to cut out a large amount of lumber during the summer, will keep on hand all kinds of sawed material, which he will sell at low rates. Go and see for yourselves.


LEGAL. WM. NAYLOR and GUSTAVE P. STRUM, two of the most well known and popular of the "Surveyor Boys" of bygone days, have turned their attention to the study of law and received diplomas from the Law Department of the Columbian University on the 13th inst. They have the best wishes of their many friends in this community for their success in their profession.


Our hardware merchants have been doing a driving business for the past week or two. Something over twenty harvesters and headers have gone over the Arkansas in the boat. This doesn't look much like as if Arkansas City was retrograding to be the home of the snipe and the gentleman with spectacles.


MR. D. P. MARSHALL, of Pennsylvania, had been viewing our county over for the last week or two and has about concluded to locate in this part of Cowley. We welcome him here, as he will make a first-class citizen.


RECOVERED. The saw frame belonging to Lippmann's mill, sunk in the Walnut River by the capsizing of the boat, was fished out yesterday. It was lying 15 feet under water and was bedded 18 inches in mud.


WORK UPON THE BRIDGE PIERS AT NEWMAN'S MILL has been resumed and will be pushed forward to completion as rapidly as possible. If everything pro-gresses favorably, we may expect to have the bridge in position by the middle of July.


ROUGH. THEORON HOUGHTON had quite a time getting back to town from the Pawnee Agency, where he had been breaking. It took him ten days to make the trip, and he had to leave his team at that. M. T. Bonar started a little ahead of him, and reached and forded the Red Rock; but when Theoron arrived, an hour later, the waters had risen so that he could not ford. The serious part was that Bonar had no provisions with him and after sticking it out five days in sight of each other waiting for the waters to subside, Theoron returned to the agency and Bonar started west for the cattle trail. Nothing has since been heard of him. A party of men went in search of him on Monday and have not yet returned.



AGITATING. We have heard several methods discussed as to the how to replace the Arkansas bridge, during the last two days on the streets. Although nothing has yet been done, it conclusively proves that the situation is grasped and the necessity for immediate action of some kind realized.


TOO LOW. While some persons with a team and wagon were fording the Walnut on Monday night, they by some means got too low down stream, and were compelled to leave the wagon and scramble out with the horses as best they could. The wagon was recovered the next morning.


I SCREAMED. The ice cream festival held in Pearson's hall last Wednesday evening was very well attended, and a first-class time was had, added to which it was a financial success.


GOOD. The lumber for the ferry across the Arkansas, south of town, arrived last Monday; and as all the necessary arrangements are now made, the same will speedily be in running order.


Rev. Wingar and his family think of taking a trip out "over the plains." There has been an unusual amount of sickness in his family for some time past and a trip like that would undoubtedly be beneficial.


THANKS. Through the courtesy of Wm. Naylor and Gustave Strum, Law graduates of the Columbia University, we are indebted for an invitation to attend the commencement exercises of The Class of 1877.


ERRATUM. In last week's issue, we stated that Mr. Chambers (the open air preacher) was a Free Methodist. We have since been informed that such is not the case, but that he is a member of the United Brethren.


COLLARS. Persons owning dogs upon which they have paid tax will do well to put collars with checks attached on the same, as after the 23rd inst. the Marshal intends shooting all dogs running loose without collars.


ED. G. GRAY, alias ye local, has been sick for the past few days, but is now progressing favorably, and will soon be convalescent. In view of the above, the readers of the "Traveler" must excuse all short-comings in this issue.


GOOD FOR BOLTON. No stronger proof for the good times in store for Bolton Township is needed than the fact that at this writing fifteen Headers and Harvesters and two Buckeye Reapers have been put across the Arkansas to harvest this season's yield of small grain.


MALARIA. CHARLEY COOMBS, one of the office boys, was compelled to go home yesterday morning, he having an attack of intermittent fever, which will probably invalid him for the balance of the week.


REMOVED. PARKER and CANFIELD have moved their lumber from under A. O. Porter's blacksmith shop, and may now be found back of Benedict's building.



TRAVELER, JUNE 20, 1877.

LOST at the Arkansas River, a dark checked frock coat. Finder will be rewarded by leaving the same at the Post Office.


The bridge has gone, but Houghton & McLaughlin have a full line of groceries and a full assortment of staple dry goods in their new store, near the old bridge on the south side of the river. Farmers, you can get your Harvest Supplies without crossing the river.


GOOD BOARD at the Arkansas City House, Summit street.

J. E. WILLIAMS, Proprietor.





"Our neighboring village of Freedom was the scene last Wednesday of a remarkable golden weddingCremarkable in the fact that the mother of one of the contracting parties was present. It is rare enough in itself that a couple celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of their marriage, but rarer still that a parent lives to an age to see a son or a daughter become one of the principals to such a golden wedding and the parent be present on the occasion. Indeed, such a sight might not be seen again in a life time. The parties to the Freedom celebration were Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Kelly, and the aged parent who was present on the occasion was Mrs. Black, the mother of Mrs. Kelly, who has passed the Centennial year of her existence."

We take the above from the Pittsburgh Leader of the 10th inst. Of late years in this country quite a stir has been made through the press about silver and golden weddings, and occasionally a diamond wedding, and some remarkable instances of longevity.

But these events in the "Old Country" create no such excitement. I was once present at the christening of a child in the old home of St. Patrick. When the ceremony was over and the feasting commenced, someone suggested the propriety of taking the ages of its progenitors then present, and the length of time the parents had been married. The father and mother had been married 30 years, the grandfather and grandmother 65 years, the great grandfather 83 years, the great grandmother having been dead some years. I have heard the term given to 25, 50, and 75 years of married life, but am at a loss what term to apply to this case of 83 years of married life. Here was an old gentleman 105 years old, who could have celebrated his 83 years of married life. A fact well known in the neighborhood of St. John's Point, Parish of Russglass, county Down, Ireland, 45 years ago.

Another remarkable case of longevity, as well as fecundity, upon this side of the "Herring Pond" came under my own observation shortly after my marriage in 1846. We paid a visit to my wife's grandmother, an old lady then past 90. Quite a number of the relatives sat down to dinner, having assembled to congratulate us upon our union, as well as to pay their respects to old "Grandma," as she was familiarly called. At the table sat the old lady, then past 90 years of age; next to her sat her oldest daughter, a married lady of 72 years; next to this lady was her oldest son, aged fifty years, grandson of the old lady. Beside this gentleman sat his daughter, 28 years old, and at her side was her little son, 6 years old.

"Grandma" could thus tell her grandson to help his grandson, all at the same table: five generations. Her 72 year old daughter was amongst the first babies brought into Kentucky. This venerable lady of some 90 years, accompanied by her husband, came with Daniel Boone and settled at Boonesborough at an early day. In their long march from Virginia, traveling by night and laying by during the day for fear of the Indians, "old Grandma" rode a pony loaded with all their worldly goods while her husband walked alongside with his trusty rifle.

The old lady known as "Grandma" died of old age in the bosom of her family to the fifth generation.





Editorial Excursionists.

MANITOU, COL., June 18. The Kansas Editorial excursion left here this morning and took a trip over the extension of the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, in the direction of the San Juan mining country. This road is completed to the highest point of the Veta Pass of the Sangre de Christo range, and the excursion train was the first passenger train to the summit. The altitude of that point is 9,340 above the level of the sea, or over 1,000 feet above the highest point on the Union Pacific Railroad, and higher than any other point reached by any railroad in the world. It is a magnificent triumph of engineering skill and railroad energy.

The scenery is wild and grand beyond description. Many of the curves far exceed the famous Horse Shoe bend on the Pennsylvania Railroad, sweeping around the sharp points of the mountains in graceful curves one above another, at dizzy heights from Lovets [?]. The summit distance is fourteen miles, and the ascent 2,400 feet. The greatest ascent for a single mile is 211 feet, and the average grade for the entire distance is 165 feet. The road will be completed to Ft. Garland by July, and opened for business. At that time it will be one hundred and seven miles from Pueblo to Ft. Garland in San Luis Park.

The excursionists were accompanied on the first trip to the summit by Gen. Dodge, General Passenger Agent, and J. A. McMurtry, the engineer under whose direction and supervision the road was built.

Before starting on the return trip from the summit, an impromptu meeting was held and brief speeches were made by Col. Anthony, President of the Association, Chief Justice Horton, and Congressman Haskell, of Kansas, congratulating Gen. Dodge and Mr. McMurtry on the successful completion of this road to the highest point ever attained by a railroad company, and the trip of the first passenger train over it. These gentlemen briefly responded.

The Kansas Editorial excursionists enjoyed the novelty of the ride and the grandeur of the scenery to the most. On Sunday afternoon John Anderson, president of the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, delivered a sermon in the parlors of the Manitou House. The party was furnished with splendid music for the occasion.

Today the excursionists visit Ute Pass, Williams Canon, Cheyenne Canon, Garden of the Gods, Glen Eyrie, Monument Park, and then Denver, which should be reached about 8:00 p.m.




And now the talk is of levees for the Arkansas River.


Rev. Mr. Upham, of Massachusetts, was visiting his son in Coffeyville recently, when he suddenly fell dead a few minutes after arriving in the morning. He was for several years Baptist missionary among the Cherokee Indians.




Beer Millionaires.

[From the Hartford Times.]

It is only about thirty years ago since lager beer came into use in the United States. The first brewery was established in Philadelphia in 1845.

Two years later the Schaefers introduced the business into New York. It is now one of the most important industries in the city. There are 37 lager beer breweries in the city and suburbs, and they turn out over a million barrels in the course of the year.

The beer made by George Ehret is considered to be the best; at least there is more demand for it than any other. Ehret sold 132,000 barrels of beer in 1876. Ruppert ranks next as an extensive manufacturer, his product the same year being 74,000 barrels. The Schaefers, who introduced the business, sold 45,000 barrels. It is hardly necessary to say that all the large beer brewers are Germans. Some have become very rich and only a few have failed in business.

The capital invested in it is very large. Ehret's capital is about $1,000,000. When he started eleven years ago, he had to borrow money to carry him over the first few months. Ruppert has $750,000 in his breweries, horses, wagons, etc. He started in 1867.

Another brewer who started in the same year, 1867, retired on a fortune a few years ago, and his partner continues the business on a capital of $400,000. Altogether, the money in-vested in the brewing of lager beer in and around New York is probably not less than $8,000,000.

The men employed in the business earn from $68 to $75 per month, and have all the beer they want to drink. Their hours are long, averaging fifteen out of the twenty-four. An employee who doesn't drink more than twenty glasses a day is considered economical. Many go up to fifty and sixty, and there are some who boast of a capacity for one hundred.

Ruppert's men drank 800 barrels last year at the expense of the firm.

Nearly all the beer manufactured nowadays is doctoredCthat is, to color and tone it up drugs are used. The business of supplying drugs to the beer men has become quite large. The brewers admit the use of drugs, and maintain that the beer is improved rather than injured by them.

The different sorts or kinds of beer are so well known that any steady imbiber can tell at a sip whose beer he is drinkingCwhether it is Ehret's, Ruppert's, Doelger's, Clausen's, or some other. Some of the brewers use Croton water, paying an immense tax for it yearly, and others get water from artesian wells. One firm has a well of this kind that yields over 200,000 gallons daily.



TRAVELER, JUNE 27, 1877.

The Editorial Excursion.

We can make but a brief allusion to our recent trip to Colorado and the mountains this week, owing to a late return. The convention of newspaper men of Kansas was held at Leavenworth, and an address delivered by Captain Henry King, of Topeka, that was pronounced to be the best ever delivered before the association. In it is a history of the Kansas press, and the able and courageous men who conducted it in an early day. Owing to the non-arrival of the stage coach, we were prevented from attending the convention, but joined the party at Emporia, as they came down the Santa Fe road on their way to Pueblo.

We left Emporia about 9 o'clock and were landed at Pueblo Friday evening, after following the Arkansas River a distance of nearly 500 miles, over fertile valleys and plains unequaled for verdant growths of green pastures. On the way we passed a number of beautiful cities and thriving towns of wonderful existence, and met near Great Bend the Illinois editors, who were returning from an errand similar to the one that we had just begun.

There were 98 members in the party, counting the ladies, and a general lively time was engaged in, as we sped rapidly on our way.

In the morning after our arrival at Pueblo we took the Denver & Rio Grande narrow gauge railway and traveled south to Chucharas, thence west to La Veta, and up the mountains to Sangre de Christo pass. The scenery over this route is too grand for comparison, and can only be realized by actual sight. For 14 miles the little giant engine made an ascent up a grade of 165 feet to the mile with 160 pounds pressure of steam to the square inch, drawing three well-filled passenger coaches behind it.

It was the first passenger train that ever made the ascent, which is at present the highest of any railroad in the world. The Sangre de Christo pass, generally known as La Veta pass, is 9,340 feet above the level of the sea, and at present the terminus of the railway leading to the San Juan country. It is the highest railway elevation on the globe, although one of still greater height is being constructed in Peru, South America.

The cost of construction of the railroad up the mountain was $18,000 per mile, and was built by Mr. Greenwood, chief engineer. In order to reach the summit, grades as great as 211 feet to the mile have to be climbed, which is done by a continuous curve around the mountains. The journey over this route in comfortable commodious cars, up steep grades at the rate of 18 miles an hour, with a load heavy enough for a three-wheeled driving engine of standard gauge, convinced the most unyielding ones that the three-foot narrow gauge railway system is a success, and should be generally adopted where the business is not sufficient for wider grades, as it is not yet in this and many other sections of the country. The most skeptical cannot fail to be convinced after a voyage over this route.

After spending a few hours on this great lookout, the party took their seats in the cars and did not stop for sight seeing until we reached Colorado Springs on Saturday morning. Manitou being the place of our destiny, seven miles distant, we took carriages and enjoyed a pleasant ride of about half an hour, when we drew up at the Beebe House, and remained during the Sabbath.

Manitou is a watering place of considerable renown, and is blessed with every variety of the healthy fluid. Within a scope of half a mile, soda, iron, sulphur, warm and cold waters are to be found. We partook freely of the soda water, which flowed from the ground in a large stream, and could be dipped up by the bucket full. To the taste, it is the same as the soda water made by druggists and sold at ten cents per glass. There it is as free as the air to all who desire it.

Every convenience is made at Manitou for the entertainment of strangers, and they have many to entertain, as excursion parties from almost every State in the Union are constantly visiting them. The BEEBE House is one of the grandest and best hotels it has been our good fortune to stop at, and reminds one of the fashionable houses of Niagara Falls, only they excel in quantity and quality of eatables.

Manitou is at the foot of the far famed Pike's Peak, that rises 14,836 feet towards the heavens. As we stood gazing at this great snow capped mountain, we could imagine that heaven's foundation rested upon it, so mighty is its construction.

After visiting the Ute pass, we directed our guide to drive to the "Garden of the Gods." Its entrance is gained by passing between two mammoth rocks rising 100 feet in mid air. Once within the almost continuous wall that surrounds it, every shade of living green can be seen on the earth, while on every side rise the mountain heights, and monuments of rock. Rocks of every form and feature are there to be found. One as large as an ordinary prairie house stands balanced on an eight foot footing, while others are mere stems at the bottom and small table lands at the top. They are so singularly shaped that you imagine lions, seals, and other animals out of their formation.

From the "Garden of the Gods," we drove to Cheyenne Canon, and after following the small stream to near its source, suddenly beheld the most grand scenery we found in Colorado. On each side of the narrow stream, solid blocks of stone rose to a height of from five to ten hundred feet, with overhanging tops that are ever threatening to crush all below them, while in front of us seven distinct and separate falls of silver water are rolling, tumbling, and gliding down the rocky abyss.

Stopping long enough at Colorado Springs to see the young and aristocratic city, we again took the train and did not stop until reaching the remarkable city of Denver, built upon a desert almost surrounded with high mountains. It is a pretty city, filled with enterprising and ambitious men from almost every State in the Union, and many representatives of foreign nations. Water courses all through its streets, for without it, the green trees that adorn it so beautifully would be but dry sticks.

There are many places of interest in Denver and many institutions that we would gladly mention, but that is not the purpose of this article at this time.

While at Denver we were exceedingly fortunate in meeting our old friend and fellow townsman of Cadiz, Ohio, Archie J. Sampson, Attorney General of the State, and his accomplished wife, who was a school mate of ours, among the clay and sun-burnt hills of our native Buckeye State.

On Tuesday morning our party left Denver for a ride up the wonderful Clear Creek Canon, which proved a pleasant and instructive excursion. Along the route we passed the once great city of Golden and reached the place in view, Idaho City, in time for dinner. Here we found one quartz mill at work with fifteen stamps, pounding riches out of nothing, comparatively speaking, for the ore resembled dirt or stone of no value.

After visiting the different springs and bathing places, we declared our willingness to return, and it was not long until we were back to the busy scenes of the champion western town, Denver.

After spending one day more in Denver, those of the party who had not gone the day before, again placed themselves on the plush cushions and were soon hurling homeward. The route along the Kansas Pacific, until we reached nearly the center of Kansas, was a dull and lonely one. Nothing but the short, green grass could be seen on either side for miles. As we neared Salina, large fields of wheat and corn took place of the unbroken sod, and but a short distance from the town, we passed through the enormous wheat field of Mr. T. C. Henry, covering 2,200 acres. It will not yield as well as it did last year, owing to the heavy rains, but may average fifteen bushels to the acre.

At Topeka we bid farewell to those of the party who had accompanied us that far, and by Saturday night we were in our office at home, well contented and well recompensed for the trip.

Colorado is a State of mining and stock raising, that is all. Farming there is but child's play in realization and profit, but the mines turn out gold and the hills are the best in the world for sheep pastures.



TRAVELER, JUNE 27, 1877.

The proposition to vote $4,000 per mile to the Memphis, Parsons & Ellsworth Railroad company in Elk County was defeated by a majority of 140 votes. An effort will be made next to carry the proposition by townships. Cowley's officials will figure in the project as before.



WELLINGTON, KANSAS, June 16, 1877.

The Solomon, Arkansas Valley & Eastern Railway Company was organized for the purpose of building a narrow gauge railway from Beloit, in Mitchell County, south to Wellington, and thence to the eastern boundary of the State, with another line from Wellington southeast down the valley of the Arkansas to Fort Smith via Arkansas City.

Sumner county votes July 2nd on a proposition to extend county aid to this company and in case the vote is in favor thereof, the road will be built to Wellington within 12 months, and to Arkansas City within 18 months from that day as well as to a connection with such other roads as may reach Cowley County in the meantime.




TRAVELER, JUNE 27, 1877.

We clip the following paragraph from the Augusta Gazette, of last week, concerning the narrow gauge.

"Winfield's railroad project, the West Branch of the Memphis, Parsons & Ellsworth, is likely to fall stillborn. Townships and counties along the main line are refusing to vote the bonds in aid of the same; and no county or township along the branch, save Cowley, has voted a dollar to help it, and if the papers along the route represent the sentiments of the people, no further aid is likely to be voted. We are inclined to believe that Winfield will regret her action toward the Kansas City road."



TRAVELER, JUNE 27, 1877.

C. M. SCOTT: Your complimentary notice of my peach paring machine having given rise to some correspondence upon the part of your subscribers, I desire to say that after July 1st, I will have no connection with the peach parer, having transferred the manufacturing to Mr. E. P. Monroe, who will have charge of it.

He is a courteous business gentleman and will attend promptly to all correspondence. He manufactures and sells exclusively to the regular hardware trade.




TRAVELER, JUNE 27, 1877.

Winfield is jubilant over the proposition of the A. T. & S. F. R. R. Company to build through Cowley County, and in their magnanimity say to their old neighbor, Arkansas City, "Now let us make up and be friends and we'll give you the A. T. & S. F." Well, they have got it, i. e., the proposition; we've seen a copy. Here is the text and conditions (not verbatim, but in substance).

1st. Butler County must give in county bonds $4,000 per mile for every mile constructed in that county, estimated at forty-five miles or $180,000, and assume the township bonds heretofore voted to the company by the townships between Florence and El Dorado, and Cowley County is to give in bonds $4,000 per mile for each and every mile across the county, from the northern boundary to Arkansas City, a distance in round numbers of forty-five miles, or $180,000.

Now, what are the prospects? Butler County has already secured a contract for the construction of the road to El Dorado without a dollar in county bonds, and, of course, will oppose the construction of the road below that point upon any terms, but will much prefer making El Dorado the terminus.

Cowley County has already voted $120,000 to the Memphis & Parsons road, hence, under the law, can only vote $80,000 more. Now, while we admit that the people of Winfield have a happy faculty of contracting or expending the resources of the county to suit almost any emergency, we, like their neighbors of Arkansas City, fail to see how they will be able to cover these deficiencies at home and carry Butler County. Hence the magnanimous offer to their neighbor, though no doubt prompted by good intentions, looks pretty thin.

Oxford Independent.



TRAVELER, JUNE 27, 1877.

Mr. John Wilkinson, a very excellent young man from the Ninnescah valley, was drowned June 14th in endeavoring to swim across that stream, to come over to Oxford. The drowning is difficult to account for as he was an excellent swimmer and acquainted with the stream; had been in town in the morning to look after a harvester and was returning to make arrangements to get it home, when the accident occurred. Independent.



TRAVELER, JUNE 27, 1877.

Watsa-shin-kah and Wah-kon-tike, members of the Ta wan-ge-he's band of Big Hill Osages, were in town on Monday with their families, doing considerable trading with our

merchants. Peru Journal.



TRAVELER, JUNE 27, 1877.

PUEBLO, COL., June 7th, 1877.

As we journeyed up the Arkansas River to Dodge City, we saw a great deal of wheat, good as any I ever saw. Dodge City is a lively little town, as well as a hard one. It is in the valley near Fort Dodge. Has near 250 inhabitants, with 17 houses of ill fame and 3 dance houses, where regular soldiers and cow boys, as well as citizens, take their spite out in shooting one another. I was told that there were over 200 persons buried there, and only 5 died of natural death.

Traveling through the eastern portion of Colorado, one can see many towns, which once were lively, but today are dead; Pueblo one among the rest. Pueblo once claimed near 5,000 inhabitants, but the rush to the mining districts hurt her. Property which four years ago could have been sold for $7,000 sold the other day for $2,500. A person can rent a nice brick residence in town for $5 or $6 per month.

Many who come to this country leave their families in Pueblo and vicinity and go on to the mines, as everything is cheap here and they can keep their families for half what they can in the mountains. Goods are as cheap here as they are in Kansas. Best flour, five dollars per hundred; coffee, 32 pounds per dollar; bacon sells at 13 cents per pound, and everything else in proportion. Dry goods are a good deal cheaper here than they are in Kansas.

Now let me say something about the mines. Doubtless, they are rich in all their mineral properties, but on account of their being mostly owned by poor men who are not able to buy a sufficient amount of machinery which they should have, they cannot give work to more than half of the people who are immigrating there at the present time. Taking Colorado all over, it is a poor place for a poor man. It is entirely overdone by poor men.

Lake City, among many other towns in the mines, has at present 800 or 1,000 men without money or work. Those who can get work for their board are doing so, while many are stealing. Hundreds are leaving and hundreds are coming in.

Colorado is a poor place for a poor man to come to at present. All those who can stay in Kansas and make their board, had better stay, for they can't make anything here. I think in the course of a year or two, when the mines get developed, it will be a good place for a laboring man, but it is running over with laboring men now.

I started to Colorado from Cowley County last April, where I had been living since 1870. I had the intention of making Colorado my home and haven't changed my mind yet. I like the country as well as I expected, and think Colorado is the healthiest country I was ever in. That is the reason why I expect to make it my home.

Rosy and Cass Endicott are well satisfied with the country, also Coburn and Jay.




TRAVELER, JUNE 27, 1877.

Another boat for the Lower Arkansas is now tied up at the bridge. It is sixty feet long, and provided with two cabins all complete and painted. Wichita Eagle.


The body of John Broderick, who was drowned in the Ninnescah, was recovered on the 12th inst. It washed ashore about one half mile below the place where he met his terrible death. Independent.



TRAVELER, JUNE 27, 1877.

TEN FEET of water in the Walnut.

TRADE is brisk with machine men.

The Traveler editor sports $18 alligator boots.

Prof. Bacon is employed at Kellogg & Hoyt's drug store.

We learn the wife of Capt. Smith is lying ill from a stroke of paralysis.

O. P. JOHNSON was at Winfield last week, hailing from the Black Hills.

The election in Elk County for the L. L. & G. railroad bonds has been called for July 17th.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. Patterson, on Monday night, June 25th, a daughter. Average weight.

The Oxford ferry-boat is doing a fine business crossing passengers and freight over the Arkansas River.

WILL LEONARD returned to his father=s house last week, after perambulating through Arkansas and a great portion of Kansas.

The Telegram's ad, "We still want a boy at this office," has been responded to, and the want supplied by the editor's wife.

The yield of wheat per acre will not be as large as anticipated in this county, owing to the heavy rainfalls when the wheat was in blossom.

Rev. Wingar and family will take a trip west this week for their health, camping out as they go along. They will be absent about six weeks.


ESCAPED. Last week A. W. Patterson and Wm. Gray arrested a man in Sumner County known under the assumed name of John Scott, by order of a Sheriff of Iowa. The arrested party was accused of horse stealing in Iowa, and broke jail from that State before his trial. The real name of the man was John Marahue. He was taken from this place to Wichita and was confined in a hotel during the night. Thinking him asleep, one of the officers left him locked in his room for a few minutes while he went downstairs after a pair of handcuffs.

As soon as Marahue discovered he was alone, he jumped out of bed, took his clothes under his arm, broke the lock of his door, and one on the hall door, and made his way out. He was then tracked in the mud under an elevator, but before a light could be procured, escaped from them again and is now at large. The Sheriff came down on the train Saturday night, but failed to find his man. Marahue was arrested at this place before he moved to Sumner County for stealing, but afterwards turned loose.


The committee appointed to arrange for some kind of an entertainment on the Fourth, after consulting with the friends of the different schools, have decided to join with the good people of Bolton in a general celebration. The place of meeting, in Capt. Smith's grove, just west of the Arkansas. The facilities for crossing the river afforded by the new ferry, just west of the city, have removed all objections to going to the west side, and for this reason the committee unanimously recommend that we avail ourselves of this opportunity of meeting our friends in Bolton. By order of committee.


HAIL STORM. On Monday night a hail storm fell in this section with considerable violence. At Mr. Clingman's farm a colt was killed by hail, and a mare by lightning. Parties who were out in the storm had to seek cover. Considerable wheat was blown down and threshed out.


DISTINGUISHED GUEST. O. J. Schneck, of the St. Charles Hotel, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, who lately paid this place a visit to see his friend, James Huey, is a young man of considerable renown. It was he, two years ago, who made the balloon ascension from Philadelphia that created be so much excitement. He has made five ascensions, varying from one to three and a half miles above the earth. It was his intention, when he left this place, to return and engage in the stock business before many months.


Among other acquaintances the editor had the pleasure of meeting in the mountains was Walt. Smith, of Colorado Springs, formerly a cattle man and Register of Deeds in this county, and David Lewis, of Denver, who is attending school at the above place. Also, Rev. I. O. Smith, who is following the avocation of selling books. Dave was lively, and apparently doing well. He works at his trade, stone-cutting, half of the time, and attends a commercial school the other half.



The Elk County folks speak in the highest terms of praise of the delegation sent by Winfield to assist in their bond election, Messrs. Manning, Seward, Kelly, Curns, and Kinne. Courier.

Yes, they praise them, for in working to carry the bonds, they defeated them. Elk County is able to manage her own affairs without the help of Winfield politicians.


LIGHTNING STRIKE. About two o'clock Tuesday morning a bolt of lightning struck the spire of the First Church, and tore the cupola considerably, besides knocking off the plastering and damaging the sides of the building. The cause of the damage is attributed to an old lightning rod being improperly adjusted on the building.


SICK. ED. G. GRAY, foreman of the printing office, has been confined to his room for several days, and Charley Coombs, one of the main helps, has just recovered from an attack of fever. The responsibility of the office for awhile rested entirely on Clarence Harris, who managed it manfully.


MR. YOUNG, engineer of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railway, with Gov. Eskridge, were at Nenescah yesterday. They represent a road that will be built into this section of country within the next two years.


About three thousand northern Cheyennes, accompanied by three companies of soldiers, are on their way to the Indian Territory, west of the Arkansas river. They should reach their destination next Saturday.


PANTHER. A couple of men from Colorado, camped back of Finney's stable, have a young panther three months old, about the size of an ordinary dog, that is as playful as a kitten.


SALT CITY has elected city fathers. One of the principal amusements in a western city of the third class is to pass ordinances. Some western Legislatures are addicted to the same habit.




MAPLE TOWNSHIP, June 26, 1877.

A heavy thunderstorm passed over Maple Township yesterday. Hailstones fell as large as hen eggs, though fortunately few in number. The house of Mr. John Gayman was struck by lightning, and a young lady sitting by the stove had her shoes torn from her feet, but was not personally injured.

A stable belonging to Mr. Butler was lifted from its foundation and turned partially around. Mr. B. K. Berry had a valuable horse killed by the lightning. No serious damage was done to the crops. Wheat badly damaged by rust; all ripe and ready at once for the sickle, ground too soft to run the reapers. Health good. Harvest hands plenty. RED BUD.




CORN is growing very fast.

EVERY stage brings strangers.

WHEAT harvesting everywhere.

The Walnut affords excellent swimming.

BLACKBERRIES are getting ripe and lots of them.

P. H. WOODARD goes to Pawnee Agency as blacksmith.

YOUNG prairie chickens will be ready to shoot by August 15th.

The Kaw Agency school closed last week for a vacation of six weeks.

Indian war dance and grand jollification over at Peru, Chautauqua County, today.

DIED. On Saturday, June 30th, of dropsy, B. F. Edwards, of Grouse creek.

WILD plums are ripe on the Arkansas, and will continue ripening for six weeks to come.

One of the stage horses driven by Tommy Young dropped dead in the road last Wednesday.

The wind storm of last Friday night blew down the stables of Charles Parker and J. T. Stewart.

The State Bank of Missouri has failed, and one of our prosperous farmers has a check of $500 on it.

JOSEPH H. SHERBURNE returned from Washington City last Monday. He has been absent several weeks.

JUDGE CHRISTIAN's daughter, who has been a missionary to Egypt, spent a few days with her parents this week.

One of the crew that accompanied Rexford on his trip to Kaw Agency became so dry on the way that he claimed to sweat dust.

Under a late decision by the Supreme Court of Kansas, a tax deed containing more than one description or tract of land is void.

MR. HOPKINS, formerly of Hopkins' Ranche, on Pond Creek, passed by this place this week on his way to Coffeyville with beef cattle.

PRESTON WALKER lost one of his ponies yesterday morning from costiveness [?]. It was one of the team known as the "Hughes" ponies.

PETITIONS are again in circulation to submit bond propositions in the townships that failed to vote aid to the K. C., E. & S. R. R. in Butler County.




The Courier implores its readers not to give up on the east and west railroad. It is only a question of time when they will give up the Parsons humbug.

It is rumored that two Indians were killed on Rock Creek, this county; last week, by parties from Nebraska, from whom said Indians had stolen horses.

DIED. On Wednesday, June 27th, of paralysis, Mrs. Smith, wife of Capt. O. C. Smith, of Bolton Township. The afflicted brother has our heartfelt sympathies.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 4, 1877.

MEN OF THE BORDER soon learn to provide for themselves in time of trial. In the winter the timber is warmer than the prairie, but if caught on the prairie, a hole dug in the ground large enough for the body would often prevent freezing. The compass or resin weed indicates north, as does the moss and bark on trees. Water can be obtained from the root of a prairie plant, while the cactus affords food when baked. Land turtles are found in the shade of small plants; and when roasted, are good eating. A match, ever be so wet, can be dried by placing it in the hair of your head, or next to your body.


MR. D. H. CLOUGH, having lately sold his place, intends starting for Oregon by the 1st of August next, either by rail or team. If he goes by wagon, he would like to have company, and consequently would be pleased to hear from any person or persons contemplating such a trip. From what we know of Mr. Clough, we feel safe in saying that he would be good company for anybody, and would do his share toward lessening the tediousness of such a journey. Parties desiring good company should address him at Arkansas City. He has the stamps, and is a whole-souled fellow.


A CASE OF BRUTALITY. We learn that one of our citizens, in a fit of passion, beat a fine calf to death on Sunday evening, because it would not do as he wanted it to do. We have a statute making it a misdemeanor, subject to a fine of $50, to beat, maim, or torture any horse, ox, or other cattle. If such a case occurs again, we shall give the name of the party guilty of such wanton cruelty.


PROF. HOYT is organizing a class in gymnastic performances. The courthouse is the place where they exercise themselves. The professor is quite an expert at the various tricks on the horizontal bar, tumbling, etc., having been connected at various times with traveling exhibitions. He is as good as any of them. Eldorado Press.

You can bet your last nickel on our "Buffalo Joe." He gave lessons to the circus performers here two years ago.



ANOTHER BOAT, about thirty-five feet long by twelve feet eight inches in width, is lying at the west ferry with a load of drugs, bound for Fort Smith. It has a cabin on each end, and contains thirteen persons and five tons of chattels. Dr. Trichen, of Wichita, has command of the vessel, and is moving his entire drug store from the railroad terminus of Sedgwick County.


We had the pleasure last week of meeting Mr. Searing, Agent of the Pawnees. Mr. Searing was formerly connected with the agency of the Sioux, and while comparatively a young man, is an experienced man among Indians. He it is an agreeable gentleman, and we hope to meet him often.


The Eldorado Times says: "Tom Bonar, of Grouse creek, is lost in the Indian Territory, and a party of men are hunting for him." Can't be. Tom's feet are so large that he could be trailed to California. The Times must mean that the Territory is lost to Tom Bonar.


SILVER BRICKS. While riding in the express car from Denver, we had the pleasure of seating ourself on three silver bricks, each about five by four inches broad on the end and ten inches long, being valued at $1,500 each.


The citizens of Bolton are requested to meet at the Turner schoolhouse on Saturday next, 7th inst., at 3 o'clock sharp, to take some action in regard to repairing the bridge across the Arkansas. Let there be a full turn-out. T.


MANSON REXFORD started from the place last Thursday morning, and reached Kaw Agency Friday morning with a load of machinery for the Agency, weighing 1,820 pounds. His boat was six by sixteen feet.


There will be a Fourth of July celebration at West's grove on Grouse creek today. Orations will be delivered by J. J. Johnson, Andrew Jackson Show, and Orin Wilkin-son. A general good time is expected.


THE STORM on Friday night blew down the old stable on Central Avenue. It had a slight leaning to the north for several days previous, but the wind on Friday night brought it down flat.


ORIN WILKINSON attempted to swim the Arkansas last week, with the halter strap of his pony tied around his neck. When he got about half way across, the animal turned about and towed the man to the shore he started from, nearly choking the life out of him in the performance.



The city council met and granted a saloon license to Blenden and Cundeff Monday evening. Ordered $250 to be paid for the ferry boat west of town on the Arkansas, and decided that it should be a free ferry.


That large lemon hanging in the Post Office was left by A. A. Beck, who has just returned from Los Angeles, California. He says California is no place for a poor man.




ALL persons indebted to P. H. Woodard, will please call at Berry Brothers for settlement.


30 head of large Texas horses for sale. Apply to L. C. Wood.


HORSE. Taken up by S. D. Cole, of Vernon Township. One black horse, 152 hands high; 10 or 12 years old, star in forehead, and white on end of nose and hind foot, stringhalted in both hind legsCswaybacked; had an old leather halter on when taken.



TRAVELER, JULY 14, 1877.

Wonder what the Oxford Independent thinks now about the Memphis & Ellsworth railroad? Winfield Courier.

Well, after considering the matter carefully and dispassionately, we have finally arrived at the conclusion that if, and if, the company had been composed of railroad men and really desired to build a road of that magnitude, over that line, and had been able to command the necessary capital to build it with, and Cowley County had made arrangements to construct the road entirely across the county, and Elk County, and other counties east, had voted the bonds at the rate of $4,000 per mile, the company might probably have built the road, but in the absence of any and all of these necessary adjuncts and qualifications, the "little Kingdom on the Walnut" is left out in the cold; but then, the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern road will be constructed, and near enough to be accessible to most people of that county, besides they, in time, may be able to get a branch of the road to Winfield. Oxford Independent.




Bill Posey, who had up to that time led a decent life in Limestone county, Texas, three years ago began the career of an outlaw. Lack of money could not have incited him to such a course, for he was doing well as a herder, and simple love of deviltry must have been the cause. He became a horse thief, and his crimes were so numerous that twenty-nine indictments accumulated against him.

He recently escaped from a prison to which he had been sentenced for ten years, and a Sheriff's party, hoping to get the reward of $500 that was offered for him "dead or alive," pursued him into the Indian Territory.

Bill Posey was armed with a rifle and two revolvers when overtaken, but a shot broke his right arm before he could fire. He tried to use a revolver with his left hand, but a bullet in his shoulder completely disabled him. Still he persevered, and, spurring his horse into a run, overturned one of his assailants by a violent collision. Then more bullets were fired into his body, and killed him.




Mr. O. P. Johnson and Miss Clara Tansey were married on Monday evening of this week. We have often wondered what attraction there could be at Winfield for O. P., who was so familiar with the excitements accompanying the life of an Indian scoutCand now the mystery is solved. O. P. has our heartfelt congratulations on the happy and successful termination of his scouting around Winfield. He has won a treasure of whom he may ever be proud, and we wish he and his fair bride every happiness that they could wish. That O. P.'s future "scouts" may not lead him into danger, but be made up principally of "little harmless scouts," is the wish of the Telegram.




The Indians are again at their devilish work in Idaho. They are on the war path in dead earnest, and are murdering men, women, children, and soldiers, stealing stock, and burning villages. There are no troops in that country and the chances are that it will be depopulated.


The Indians are on the war path near Washington Territory, and are said to number 1,500 braves, in several bands. A number of settlers have been killed by them, and Gen. Howard has ordered all available troops to Lewiston, and telegraphed to Gen. Sherman to send all he could as the outbreak is becoming formidable.


The Ponca Indians, who lately passed through this place on their way to the Indian Territory, are civilized, and have partially learned the arts of peace. In their new home they will undoubtedly progress more rapidly. In their new home the 800 Indians will have 40,000 acres of land, and will be the nearest tribe to Baxter Springs. Girard Press.


Five Indians stole seven horses at or near Grand Island, Nebraska, ten days ago. The officers were here after the thieves, having tracked them over three hundred miles and to within two miles of Wichita. In all that distance, the party passed through but two towns and high water forced them through these. The officers think they crossed the Big river night before last. No doubt the thieves were making for the Indian Territory. Eagle.



Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877 - FRONT PAGE.

The Fourth of July in Bolton.

[For the TRAVELER.]


Mr. Editor:

I attended the Fourth of July in Bolton last Wednesday, and took a few notes I want to tell you. I did not go for fun; I did not go for frolic; but for sober, solid information and instruction, and to see the people and things. I saw you there, to begin with, and concluded from appearances that the local department of the paper would be neglected, as you had your hand full, mind full, and from the monstrous basket you towed around, I took it for granted you would soon have a stomach full. An editor is always hungry, they say, and I believe it. But I don't want to write this article entirely about you, for there were others equally as handsome as yourself and lady.

Do not censure me if I am too critical, for you know half a woman lives for is to see and be seen, talk a great deal, and hear much more. Men are slow, stupid beings, capable of talking only one at a time, but we, the fairest of God's creatures, can talk all together.

Isn't it delightful to go to a picnic, sit down under a shady bough, and watch the people, and make comparisons? I had just such a location when I made these notes.

First on the scene was Mr. Skinner, senior. You can assure yourself he would be first if he came at all. Then came Frank Denton, Mr. Parvin, Capt. Hoffmaster, Mr. Steiner, and "Jim," with their amiable wives all neatly dressed. Soon after came what the TRAVELER has dubbed the "young bloods" of Bolton and Creswell.

There was that wild and reckless Will Stewart, who drives as though he was running a passenger coach, followed by modest (?) O. C. Skinner and the constable of your town, with gayly attired ladies.

Soon the dignity of Creswell appeared, with covered carriages and fine horses. Among them Col. McMullen, Dr. Alexander, Rev. Fleming, O. P. Houghton, and last, but not least, his Honor, Judge Christian, and Amos Walton, speakers of the day.

I did like Judge Christian's oration, and was surprised at the ability of the old gentleman and his powers of delivery. Anyone could see it was a speech prepared by hard study, and a great amount of reading. If the ground committee had done their duty and prepared seats, many more would have heard the speech, but for elderly per-sons to stand in a grove without a breath of air stirring is too much for comfort, much less to pay attention to an oration.

Among the audience there was the handsome young widow with money to loan, the belles of Bolton and their adored, the boisterous town roughs, and wives of distinguished citizens, who came alone, leaving their husbands to remain at home to look after the "by-bie." There were good, bad, and indifferent persons among the crowd. At the table also was a sight. On one side, mild, kind, and lovely women could be seen, and nearby the uncouth, voracious individual whose mouth looked as though he had his throat cut, every time he opened it.

There were many strangers I had never seen before, and familiar faces I have not had the pleasure of seeing for some time. One fine appearing, Christian looking gentleman, I learned, was from Illinois, and others I was informed lived across the Arkansas. Understand me when I say across the Arkansas, to mean on the north side, for I am a resident of Bolton Township.

But I have scarcely referred to my notes. Rev. McClanahan, a new preacher, began the exercises with prayer. The Declaration was then commendably read by Mr. Parvin, of our side; then the brass band of your place, after a series of toots, and yells for "Charley," "Frank," "Ret," "where's Lyman Herrick?" and "where's Ed. Thompson?" worked up a tune. We supposed "Charley" and "Frank" and "Ret" to be single men, and imagined they might be promenading with someone's sister, but we do not know it. Yes, they worked up a tune finally. I would give you the name of it, if I could, but I could not find anyone who knew it.

After prayer, Dr. Shepard, who was appointed Chairman, introduced Hon. James Christian. His speech lasted about half an hour, and was appreciated by all who heard it. Hon. Amos Walton then spoke in a strong, pleasing tone, after which the gathering began to separate and seek their homes.

This, Mr. Editor, is all I have to say. If at any future time you wish me to express my sentiments, I may be in the mood to favor you. I desire to thank the people of your township for the patriotism they manifested in coming to Bolton Township for a Fourth of July Celebration when they couldn't have one at home, and the good wives of the Bolton men who worked to make it a success.

I also want to say that the visit paid us by your most estimable ladies, Mrs. and Miss Revs. Thompson, Mrs. Fleming, Mrs. Shepard, Mrs. Hughes, Mrs. Sipes, Mrs. McMullen, and a number of others, will be returned, as they added much to the enjoyment of the occasion. I also desire to thank the band boys, for they meant well in their heads, but their hearts, I fear, troubled them. There were a number of young ladies, also, whom I would be gratified to have call on me at any time, and the young boys know they are all cherished and loved by






Incidents in the Career of Hon. Wm. Cody, Better Known as "Buffalo Bill"CHow He Obtained His SobriquetCAdventures in Indian Campaigns.

[From the San Francisco Call.]

Nearly everyone, male or female, young or old, is tinged with a love of adventure and admiration of those few whose daring deeds on flood or field have made them famous. One cannot help respecting bravery, whether moral or physical, and where it is aided by indomitable will, keen perception, strict integrity, unassuming modesty, and unfailing good humor, this respect merges into a still warmer feeling for the fortunate man who possesses so many good qualities.

William T. Cody, better known as "Buffalo Bill," is fully entitled to this character, as any army officer with whom he has served during the past 20 years will bear witness. Cody is


for, with every disadvantage of education and early training to contend against, he has steadily advanced upon the road which chance engineered for him, keeping clear of the pitfalls, and passing, one after another, all his competitors, until he stands today the foremost scout in America. This is no fulsome flattery, for everyone who knows Cody acknowledges his worth and feels honored in claiming him as a friend.

The writer of this article has had many opportunities to judge the man's character, and has always found him courageous, keen witted, and absolutely faithful to his friends. When serving as a scout, he is the associate, not the inferior, of the officers, is always a welcome visitor to their tents, and holds receptions in his own camp second only to those of the General in command. Or course, his roving, vagabond life has given little opportunity for the acquirement of society polish, or of educational improvement, and his manner lacks the refinement of the carpet knight; but that ingredient of the true gentleman, which instinctively avoids any word or deed that might wound the feelings of another, that self-denial for the sake of others, and that almost reckless generosity toward those who are in trouble, are found in Cody, and prove him to be one of those rare phenomena, a nature's nobleman.

Will Cody was born in Iowa, Scott County, in 1838, and is therefore 39 years of age. While he was yet an infant, his father, whose pioneer instincts always carried him to the farthest frontier, became an Indian trader in Kansas and Nebraska, and it was in that wilderness and under such untoward circumstances that "Little Billy," his then nom de plume, picked up the rudiments of education from the kindly wives of officers at different forts and trading posts.

In 1855 the boy started in life on his own account, and drove an army team until 1857, when he


and made the campaign under Sidney Johnston. During 1860 and 1861 he was employed as pony express rider on some of the most dangerous portions of the overland route.

Early in 1862 he joined that celebrated band known as Gen. Blount's "Red legged Scouts," and served with them in Kansas and Western Missouri until the close of the war, when he went out to the plains as government scout and dispatch carrier.

In 1867 he was appointed chief hunter of the Kansas Pacific Railroad Company, and it was in their service that he gained his sobriquet of "Buffalo Bill," on account of the immense number of bison that fell to his rifle.

When the Indian war broke out, during that year he served with the army under Generals Hancock and Custer, and in 1868 was appointed Chief of Scouts for the Department of the Missouri. He remained in service until 1871, when he had the management of the Grand Duke Alexis' hunting party.

In February, 1872, he paid his first visit to the East. Being then taken in hand by theatrical managers, who scented a fresh sensation in a good looking frontiersman, Cody made


and since that time has passed his winters in paint and tinsel on the stage, his summers in patched buckskin on the plains. So far superior to music is his love of actual warfare that at the outbreak of the Sioux war last year he forfeited an engagement in the East, and hurried to the front, where he was at once appointed chief of scouts, first to Gen. Crook's command and after to the joint commands of Crook and Terry. Toward the close of the campaign, Cody performed a remarkable feat of physical endurance, and the writer can vouch for the truth of the following description.

Believing the war practically at a close, so far as any actual fighting was concerned, when the command reached the Yellowstone River, he resigned his position and started for the Missouri on a steamer, the commands meanwhile marching back into the Bad Lands on their bootless (fruitless) search for the unfindable Sitting Bull.

The steamer was delayed for two days some few miles below the late camp, and as he was starting out on the second afternoon, met a steamer coming up from the settlement with dispatches for Terry and Crook. There were several well known scouts on board, but Gen. Whistler made a special request that Cody should carry the dispatches through, offering him, in case he should accept the task, the use of his own blooded mare.

The mission was not only difficult, but dangerous. Difficult, because the command was known to be at least thirty miles distant, and the intervening country to be as scarred and rugged as the face of a volcano; dangerous, on account of the small war parties of Indians that were scattered all through the district.

Of course, Cody undertook the mission, leaving the steamer at 5 a.m. He returned shortly after midnight with counter dispatches from the twin commands, and so great had been the exertion that General Whistler's mare died during the night.

Finding that a fresh batch of orders must be sent forward, Cody insisted upon carrying them, as he had already crossed the country and could make better time. At one o'clock, after only three-quarters of an hour's rest, he started off upon a fresh horse into the dark night, for it was raining, and the darkness seemed impenetrable.

At 11:00 a.m. the next morning he appeared mounted upon the third horse, for the second one also had broken down. His face looked haggard, and his step was weary as he came across the gang plank to be greeted by rousing cheers from rank and file;. but he quickly handed over the dispatches and said, "If you don't need me longer, General, I'll take a nap." Within six hours he was up again, apparently as bright and fresh as on the previous day, and that after riding more than 120 miles over a land that is truly named "God-forsaken."


Cody is a splendid looking specimen of humanity, over six feet in height, weighing nearly 200 pounds, and admirably proportioned, while his aquiline features, somewhat outre style in dress, and long dark brown hair, which falls in masses of curls over his shoulders, make him a center of attraction among the puny dwellers in cities.

A couple of anecdotes, as told by him to the narrator, told over the campfire and vouched for by gentlemen present, will give a fair idea of the life this adventurous man has passed, of his endurance in time of suffering, and desperate courage in the hour of danger.

"Look here, Will," said one of the officers as he kicked the glowing embers into a blaze, "spin us a yarn about yourself and shut up about other people." The request was unanimously approved, and one officer remarked: "Tell them about that rough spell on the Republican, for they have probably not heard it."

Will shook the last drop out of his canteen (it was only alkali water with a dash of lemon in it) and said: "I'm not much of a hand at blowing this sort of a trumpet, but if you want to hear


when he was on the ragged edge, I'll tell you how George Hanson stood by me.

In the winter of 1859, and it was a winter, George and I were trapping on a branch of the Republican River. The Indians were pretty much friendly at that time, and it was too cold for them to be browsing around much anyhow, so we felt cozy as pie in a little dug-out we'd made in the side of the bluff. One day while George and I were skylarking on the ice, I fell and broke my leg, or rather, I splintered the shin bone. That sort of thing isn't the pleasantest in the world, even if you are at a post where there's a doctor to look out for you, and when it happens on the plains in mid-winter, you feel like saying your prayers.

George took it very rough, almost worse than I did, and he just hustled around me as though I was a baby. He made some splints, and set the bone as well as he could, and then he got a lot of firewood and piled it in the dug-out, laid in a supply of meat, and as much water as we had cans to hold, and then he said: "I must get you to the settlement, old boy." Our horses saw nothing for them to eat thereabouts, so had wandered away some time before. George piled our blankets and pelts together, and laid me on them; then he took a pull at his belt, picked up his rifle, and started out a foot.

To say I felt lonely wouldn't express it, but you see I knew he ought to be back in twelve days, and I just counted the hours. The twelve days passed, somehow or other, then came the thirteenth, but George didn't turn up. All the wood I could get was gone by this time, so I couldn't melt the ice or cook the meat, and had to be content with raw flesh frozen and icicles or snow. Day after day passed and still he didn't come, and I knew he was dead or had come to grief somewhere, for that sort of a man don't leave a friend in the lurch, cost what it may. I tell you, gentlemen, you can hear the wolves now if you listen, but you are used to it and don't mind them, nor did I until that time; but when my fire was gone, they'd get around that dug-out at nights, and howl like dogs over their dead master. It wasn't cheerful at the start and didn't grow more comfortable as


But you see a man hates to die like a wounded bear, so I just held on for all I knew. Twenty days and nights had passed, and I began to reckon up what I had done in this world and the time I had left to stay in it. I got through that night somehow or other, but I guess my head was a little off next day, for I seemed to hear voices all around, and didn't feel the bitter cold as I had before. All of a sudden I heard footsteps crackling on the ice outside, but couldn't call out for the life of me. It was George. He crawled slowly into the dug-out and came along side of me, where I lay with my eyes shut, for I couldn't look up at first, and when I did thenCwell, didn't either of us say anything for awhile.

You see he had reached the settlements all right, and started back alone with an ox teamCpeople didn't care about traveling around much that winter. On the second day out, an awful snow storm commenced, and he struggled and blundered against it till his team wouldn't go any further. He didn't give up, however, but fought his way along whenever he could get a start out of his team, although he made up his mind at last that he'd find nothing of me but the bones; and this is how he came to be so late. He took me down to the nearest fort on the cart, and there they set the leg over again. You can see the lump on it still. No, that's a bullet wound, and that's where an arrow struck.


On another, but similar occasion, Will told the following story.

"We were coming back from the Mormon scrimmage, when Sidney Johnson had command, you know, and I was sort of assistant in the wagon train. I was quite a lad then. Lou. Simpson was Brigade Wagon master, and had charge of two trains, which traveled about 15 miles apart, and his second in command was George Woods. About noon one day Simpson, Woods, and I started from the hindmost train to overtake the one in front. Knowing there were Indians about, we kept the sharpest kind of a lookout, but didn't see anything until we got near Ash Hollow, on the North Platte, some eight miles from the train we'd left, when a band of about sixty Indians rose out of a gulch a half mile off and came for us. Simpson, who understood that sort of business, made us jump off and put our mules together, head to tail, in the shape of a triangle, and he then shot them dead in their tracks with a revolver. This made an all around breast-work, behind which we lay. Each of us had a heavy muzzle loading rifle and two Colt's revolvers, so we made it pretty warm for the reds; but it was right on the smooth prairie, and they charged up within a few yards of us, hitting Woods hard at the first fire. He couldn't do any more fighting, poor fellow, but he lay on his back and loaded while we did the shooting. The Indians didn't have any guns at that time, and they didn't charge right over people as they sometimes do nowadays, but they'd ride up within a few yards, pop off their arrows, and circle away, throwing themselves on the off side of their ponies. After keeping up this business until almost sundown, they gave it up and squatted out of range, evidently determined to starve us out, and so we had no way of getting water. They, of course, thought we were stragglers from the train they had seen pass. During that afternoon we killed twelve Indians, besides wounding a number, for they would ride up so close that we could give it to them with a revolver in each hand. In the morning they made a few charges, just enough to keep us excited, but the holding on policy is what they meant. At eleven o'clock that day the train hove in sight, and the Indians, whooping like devils, made one final charge, and left in short order. This is about the tightest scrape I ever got caught in, and it did not make me love the Indians any better, you may be sure."



TRAVELER, JULY 11, 1877.

A lady correspondent of the Leavenworth Times speaks complimentary of one of the editors of this county as follows.

"There was another little feller who belongs to the rural destricks, they called Manning. He is a nice, smart, little feller; he had lemon and sugar and tea. He would lemon and sugar and then fold himself up till he just fit in one of them seats; and slept and slept, and after awhile he would wake up and lemon and sugar, and say something nice and smart to the ladies, and go to sleep again. But then he was very kind with his cold tea; he passed it round quite often; he gave me someCawful strong tea, but pretty good. If ever I go again with the brains of Kansas, I hope Manning will be along."


MAPLE CITY, June 28, 1877.

Friend Scott:

I am in trouble. For six months or more there has regularly appeared, at the tail of my name, a phonetic specimen of writing, which at first, not understanding what it meant, looked quite funny, but soon the funny part of it left and it began to worry me. I commenced getting nervous whenever I took the TRAVELER out of the office and found that tail end still attached to my name. Soon the nervous symptoms began to give way for the more dreaded ones of the galloping consumption. Now, unless I can persuade you to stop that way of doing, you will certainly have my obituary notice to write in a very short time. I thought for a time it was one of your gentlemanly duns, and I sent $2 by W. T. Estus and got a receipt from you showing that my subscription was paid up two weeks or more in advance of the receipt, which was May 27, 1877. Now rise and explain by return mail if you please.



The joke is too good to keep, so we publish Mr. Libby's letter. He is the oldest subscriber we have at Maple City, and his name appears first on the list. The mailing clerk, in making up each "pack" puts a mark in phonography, for short, indicating what post office the pack goes to, so that when they are all made up and ready to be wrapped, the top paper shows the address. A few weeks ago we had to "explain" to the Wichita Eagle, and later the Oxford Independent inquired, and now comes Mr. Libby to cap the climax. ED.


The A. T. & S. F. R. R.

Its Proposed Extension to the Pacific Ocean.

Several papers both eastern and western, are publishing rumors to the effect that a junction between the new Southern California railroad and the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad is in contemplation, and will be made as soon as it becomes evident that a Southern Pacific road cannot be constructed at the expense of the Government.

The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad is private property, and was constructed by Massachusetts capital as a business investment. It runs in a southwesterly direction, through Kansas, through the Arkansas Valley to Pueblo, Colorado, and thence proceeds to Trinidad. But the design of the company is to cross the mountains in a pass near Fort Garland, and thence proceed almost due south to Santa Fe, in New Mexico; the company have the money to carry out their design.

There will remain only the gap between Tucson, the proposed terminus in Arizona of the Southern California road, and Santa Fe, the terminus of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, to fill up. This is a distance of about 450 miles, and two rich corporations, that have already built several thousand miles of railroad, will not find it difficult to arrange for filling up so short a gap, which will give them a new and independent route to the Pacific.


Major Wm. Burgess, for a long time agent of the Pawnees, and relieved at his own request, has gone back to his old home in Iowa. He leaves many warm friends in this locality, and we doubt if ever a better man fills the place he has so well and long filled. Coffeyville Courier.



TRAVELER, JULY 11, 1877.


The Last Stubborn Fight and Death

Of the Terror of the Indian Territory.

[From the Chicago Times.]

Eufaula, Indian Territory, June 22. "Killed while resisting arrest," is the return to be made by Sun thlar pee, of Utechee Town, Captain of the Creek light horse, in the chase of Bill Posey, one of the most notorious and reckless daredevils of the gang of Texas, Indian Territory, and Kansas desperadoes, horse and cattle thieves, that have invested this country for years.

With headquarters in Kansas and Texas, their trail has led through the Indian Territory from Coffeyville south through the wilderness of the Osage reservation, crossing the Arkansas River near Childer's ferry, through Creek and Chickasaw nations to Dennison or Fort Worth, Texas.

Tens of thousands of dollars worth of stock have been stolen from Texas, driven north through the Territory, always under charge of some outlaw along the route, driven by hidden and unused trails through a country so sparsely settled that often days elapsed without a human being in sight to identify either the stock or the thieves. Picking up cattle feeding on the range belonging to Indians, their droves were always increasing, until the loss to the citizens of the Creek nation became unbearable.

Among this band Bill Posey, an escaped convict from the Texas penitentiary, was a skilled, daring, and influential leader. A Spanish-Mexican, with a claim to Indian blood in his veins, Posey has made his headquarters on Cane creek, Polecat, and Arkansas rivers, drifting back and forth as occasion required, always armed to the teeth. With a long Spanish knife and three six-shooting revolvers in his belt, and a double barreled shot gun loaded with buckshot, he was the terror of the road.

For several years he had been a member of the gang in Texas. He had wealthy and influential friends in Limestone and other counties, who had managed to screen him until four years ago, when he was arrested, tried, and sentenced to five years in the penitentiary. He had served out twenty months of his sentence, but so turbulent had he been that he had inspired a feeling of terror even among the prison officials. Bucking, gagging, flogging, or showering failed to subdue him, and he was put in the chain gang and set to work on the streets under charge of guards.

While working one day with a twelve pound ball attached to his leg, he struck down one of the guards with a stone, snatched his gun, and "stood off" four of the guards. He called on the prison authorities, with oaths, to come out and rearrest him, and he would kill them all. Holding all the officers at bay, he slowly retreated toward some horses feeding nearby. Getting one of the horses between himself and the guard, he coolly picked up the ball, slung it over the horse, mounted and rode off to his father's house, where he secured his own gun, revolver, and a good horse, and crossed the line into the Indian Territory.

While at his temporary home on Cane creek, two Deputy United States Marshals attempted his arrest. He assented, and asked them into the house for dinner before starting for Fort Smith. With four revolvers pointed at his head, he coolly walked into the house with them, placed chairs, and ordered dinner quick for three, and made preparations for the start. Suddenly he reached under his low couch, brought out his six shooter, and sent one ball through the thigh of one of the deputies and another ball through the eye of the other. He then drove them from the house. He ordered them to throw up their hands, down their arms, and then coolly asked for the writ. This he destroyed. Then he compelled the officers to go back into the house and partake of the meal prepared for them, after which he let them go back to report their failure.

Between Muskogee and Okmulgee, Bill Posey built a block-house, surrounded himself with a set of desperadoes, and bade defiance to all the marshals of Texas or the Territory. Here for fifteen months he had been on the scout. During the day he never for a moment laid down his arms. He slept always with his belt of arms on the bed before him and the sixteen shooting Henry rifle in his hands. A fresh horse was always saddled near the door, and no man was ever permitted to approach him unless he was covered with the inevitable rifle. His reckless bravado led him, out of pure cussedness, to mingle with crowds of men, visiting stores, whenever supplies were needed, or taking a seat in church among the worshipers, armed, and taking care to keep the saints always to the front.

Recently the Governor of Texas made a requisition on the Chief of the Creek nation for Bill Posey's arrest and return to the Texas officials. Chief Ward Coachman placed the necessary papers at once in the hands of Capt. Sun thiar pee, of Utechee town, with orders to "bring in Bill Posey, alive or dead."

On Friday last the captain learned that Posey had visited Okmulgee that day and had a wounded finger amputated, and had gone toward the Arkansas River. All that night, with a posse of two picked men, the Captain followed on Posey's trail, and on Saturday evening they came up with him near Concharte town, on Polecat creek, driving some stray horses. He was well mounted, as usual, and disdained to run from three Indians. The Captain ordered him to surrender and throw up his hands.

Posey reached for his ever present rifle, but his lost finger was in the way, and before he could bring it to bear, a load of buckshot went through his right arm, breaking it above the elbow. As it dropped limp at his side, he dropped his rifle, drew his revolver with his left, and emptied two of the chambers, and then another mass of buckshot broke his left arm. Spurring his well trained horse, he charged full speed at the Captain, knocking him and his horse over the bluff to the creek below.

Posey then wheeled upon the posse, who stood their ground, firing at him with their revolvers. The orders to take him dead or alive must be obeyed. The fight was now at close quarters. Riddled with bullets and shot, the flesh torn from his hips, both arms broken, he continued to fight, trying to ride down the officers.

Capt. Sun thiar pee had again joined his posse, this time on foot. A well aimed shot from his revolver tore off Posey's nose. It seemed impossible to kill him. Still he refused to surrender. Then the last bullet from the Captain's revolver struck Posey in the chin, breaking his jaw, and went crashing up through his brain. Bill Posey fell dead from his horse.



Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

BOLTON TOWNSHIP, July 5th, 1877.

Today finds us in Bolton again, enjoying the luxuries of which all practical grangers have a bountiful supply about harvest time. Harvesting has been going on at a rapid rate during the past two weeks. Many farmers are done cutting wheat, and some have already commenced stacking. Mr. Parmer has cut 200 acres of wheat with one Marsh harvester and has a greater portion of it stacked. Mr. Dave Marcie is nearly done heading his 400 acres. Polk Stevens has been running his harvester day and night during the past week. He says he will get away with 275 acres with one machine.

The wheat crop is light this year, caused by the recent heavy rains. Corn and oats promise a good yield.

We had the pleasure of attending a picnic in Capt. O. C. Smith's grove, on Spring creek, yesterday, the 4th. Owing to the committee being busily engaged, the grove was not very well prepared. Notwithstanding the limited preparations made and the heat in the grove, the participators in the picnic seemed to enjoy themselves finely. The programme for the day was somewhat varied on account of the band boys being unable to get over until noon. The exercises of the day commenced with prayer by Rev. McClanahan. Then came Lieut. Thos. S. Parvin, who read the Declaration of Independence, which was listened to with extraordinary patience, as Mr. Parvin is an elegant reader. Next in order was dinner, which consisted of every variety of goodies, which are too numerous to mention. After dinner we listened to a very interesting, eloquent, and patriotic discourse, delivered by Judge Christian, of Arkansas City. Then came the band boys with a recital of "The Red, White, and Blue," which seemed to cheer all present, even the "old folks." Next in order was a speech from Mr. Amos Walton, who spread the eagle in the most elegant manner, after which lemonade, ice cream, music by the band, etc., until evening, when everybody went home with a gladsome heart.

The citizens of Bolton tender their many thanks to the gentlemen, speakers, and the band for their favors. More anon.

C. C. H.



TRAVELER, JULY 11, 1877.

SILVERDALE, July 9th, 1877.

The good people of Grouse valley celebrated the 4th in good style. Everything went well after getting started; but it took until 2 o'clock to get under headway owing to the neglect of some of the committees to perform duties allotted them.

All seemed to be happy, especially those young men who had their sweethearts along. The day was very warm, but the ground was well chosen, and situated in a fine grove of elm, walnut, mulberry, and other species of trees, without any underbrush or weeds. A good breeze was blowing during the day, which had free access to where the audience was seated.

The speaking was good. Owing to pressing business, Rev. McCarney, who was to deliver the oration of the day, was not on hand. Anyone else on the programme could have been spared better. The Toast, "The Flag of our Union," was well responded to by Mr. J. J. Johnson. Among other good things he said of the "old flag," I will mention one, viz: "Let an American be absent from home for the space of five or six months in foreign lands, and then let his eyes suddenly catch a glimpse of the stars and stripes. What a host of recollections of home, of friends, and all that we hold dear spring into the mind."

Mr. Daniel Grant responded to the toast, "New England," in an able manner and showed that he was acquainted with the subject. He gave the early history, in brief, of New England: the Pilgrim fathers, witchcraft, the Pequod war, etc. Among other things he said that New England was never behind when the nation was in danger, an assertion that all reading people know to be correct. Others were on for toasts, but did not respond.

The singing was excellent. The national songs, "America" and "Star Spangled Banner," were well rendered by the choir. "Take it up one side and down the other," it was a well spent Fourth.

Scott, what in the world ails that reporter of yours? Before he started out last week, he must have taken (to use a well known author's phrases) an "eye opener," a "whisky straight," a "brandy smash," a "stone fence," an earthquake," all at once, or he never could have got things mixed in regard to me as he did. I feel constrained to reply somewhat in detail, to his crooked assertions, simply because my name is used in the manufactured stuff. I found in the locals of July 4th the following concerning the celebration in Mr. West's grove: "Orations will be delivered by J. J. Johnson, Andrew Jackson Show, and Orin Wilkinson." Now, Scott, that is fearful. I wished I had another split stick, on a load of poles, I'd, I'dCwell, it don't make any difference, the fools are not all dead yet, I can see that. I was not down on oration, J. J. Johnson was not down for one either. And Andy ShowCwell, Andy, no doubt will whip the man that says he had anything to do with any part of the programme except the singing and firing the salutes. Rev. McCarney was down on the programme as orator of the day. Mr. Daniel Grant, to reply to a toast I have already given. Mr. Johnson, the same, and I read an essay on the "American Union," also read the "Declaration of Independence."

Now, Scott, make that reporter "take that back," or else I'llCwell, I'll not say anything more about it, only that he ought to be better posted, that's all on that.

Now about that halter, Arkansas river, pony, etc., I will say this. I did try to swim the river, but did not tie the halter around my neck, simply because I did not have any halter, but I tied the picket rope I had to the pony's neck, and started to swim the river; but the pony, like Mark Twain's mule, wanted to wade the stream, and because I would not let him he turned around and went back again. I wish the reptiles that report such stuff about me would all get the seven year itch, and scratch, scratch, scratch forever more.




TRAVELER, JULY 11, 1877.


Editor Traveler:

I don't know if I have any duty to perform and I am sure that I have no promise to render, but at the same time I feel like writing you a line about the same old theme so over done and so poorly done. I would not send this so far but I see that a recent number of the Courier of Winfield has taken the trouble to copy that old article of "B. B.," which was published and criticized by the Black Hills Daily Times some time ago but the remarks of the Times was entirely omitted and of course every reader of this partial exhibit will be deceived and pronounce the Black Hills a grand farce, which is totally false for they are as truly real as anything under the sun. Would they have moped around the parlor stove? Would they have missed those valuable experiences of life? Would they have those rich mines go undeveloped? Would they have the untold millions of wealth in gold, silver, and copper bored from the circulating medium of our country? Would they have the vast leads or lodes of lead, mica, and plumbago go unused? Would they have all those and more lay in the dark and hidden recesses of the earth? Would hey have some of the prettiest and best valleys of the northwest go unpeopled entirely? Would they have a vast body of pine timber, millions upon millions of feet unused go to the consuming fire and to decay? Would they let go unseen some of the prettiest views of nature's sublimest scenery, which is lavished here, that was ever given man to feast his eyes upon, or to treat the world to scenes by transferring them by the "Tripod" to stereoscopic views?

Then aside from those reasons for giving the "Hills" a fair hearing, I am free to say that there is not one young man in every hundred, but what will find one season spent in the Black Hills a valuable schooling to him. We hear forcible expressions to that effect every day not only by the young, who is getting his eye teeth cut, but by the old as well.

They behold a round, rugged, bold, and strong manhood displayed here that will soon be nowhere else except under these circumstances, and would never meet in our quiet, little country homes which we enjoy so much and have so well.

I am bold to say that a man cannot come here and spend a season and go away again without being either wealthier, wiser, or better, for his sojourn.

Botany and Geology are two branches of science that are very different from any other locality I ever visited, but enough of those now. Good bye, Mr. Editor, wishing you as beautiful scenes and as pleasant dreams as we enjoy here, we are as ever yours.




TRAVELER, JULY 11, 1877.

CORN in tassel.


KANSAS air is pure.


CABBAGE growing nicely.

RASPBERRIES are all gone.

HARVESTING is about over.

CUCUMBERS at the Central Avenue.

The church bells chimed last Sunday.

A child of Mr. Sifford's was buried last Sunday.

After sundown a toll will be charged on the ferry.

Newman paid $1.57 cash for 86 bushels of old wheat lately.

Fifty grists of new wheat were ground at Newman's mill last week.

The work on the bridge across the Walnut is delayed for want of lime.

A number of Texans were in town yesterday selling ponies and horses, from $10 to $75.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

Six hundred Ponca Indians have recently been located in the Indian Territory south of Baxter.

A few manipulators in Winfield have escrowed Cowley County out of a railroad, and gave it to Sumner.

MR. HUTCHINSON killed a large gentleman cow snake last week that measured six feet four inches in length.

A festival of blackberries and ice cream will be given at the M. E. Hall next Friday evening. All are invited.



A 300 pound bell was ordered for the schoolhouse yesterday, to cost $125. It will be here in about a month.


FREE FERRY on the Arkansas at this place. Come and go as often as you please without it costing a cent, as long as it is daylight.


A large work horse was sold by auction for $39, last Saturday, to satisfy a mortgage given by Spencer, of Sumner County, to Jacob Beall.


ANOTHER change in the ownership of the meat market took place last week. A. W. Patterson now has charge of it, and will supply the public.


WINFIELD votes on a proposition to erect a bridge across the Walnut at the brewery, and to repair the bridge south of that place, on the 17th inst.




MEAT. A. W. PATTERSON will deliver fresh meat at Salt City every Monday morning, and at the houses at this place every day in the week except Sunday and Monday.

Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.

JUDGE CHRISTIAN has been appointed a Justice of the Peace for Creswell Township by Gov. Anthony, and James Huey a Notary Public. Both appointments were well bestowed.


At the meeting of the city council Friday night, it was decided to employ C. R. Bridges to run the ferry on the Arkansas for one month, at $1 per day. The ferry will be free to everyone during that time.


A pretty good joke is told on one of Winfield's attorneys, that is worth telling again. On the 4th of July the said attorney went to Elk County to deliver the oration. He began by stating that "he had never made a 4th of July speech in his life, and did not have his speech ready when he left Winfield, but as he came along admiring the beautiful country, with its cattle blooming on the hill sides, in the gentle rays of the bright green sky," he was struck with the wonderful work of the Almighty." At this junction a titter was heard all around, and the speech soon ended, leaving the soaring eagle to go home with his feathers woefully dropped.


In another column can be seen the card of Drs. Graham & Strong, of Winfield, who will visit this place on Wednesday of each week, at the Central Avenue hotel.

Dr. Graham is the oldest resident physician in Cowley County, and has a reputation and practice that anyone might well be proud of. He was formerly of New York City, and is a graduate of the medical college of that place.

Dr. Strong, his partner, is a graduate of the Cleveland, Ohio, Homeopathic Hos-pital, and a young man of more than ordinary ability.

AD: Drs. GRAHAM & STRONG, Homeopathic Physicians of Winfield, Ks., will be at the Central Avenue Hotel, Arkansas City, on Wednesday of each week, where they will be pleased to wait upon any who may need medical aid. Office hours from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.

Arkansas City, July 6, 1877.



TRAVELER, JULY 11, 1877.

A few citizens celebrated the 4th on Mr. Hickock's farm.

A great many young as well as married men are addicted to drinking spirituous liquors; in fact, it is popular.

The Telegram does all of its own printing now.

Seventeen physicians are at the public service here. There is just one more lawyer than there are doctors.



The picnic in Bolton Township, July 4th, was well attended by an intelligent class of people. R. A. Houghton, Herman Godehard, and E. D. Eddy had stands on the ground and dispensed the lemonade, ice cream, candy, etc. We might go into details, but as we have two communications on the subject, will let it pass.


A petition has been in circulation in Bolton Township asking that an election be called to vote on a proposition to issue $2,000 in bonds, payable in two years, to complete the bridge across the Arkansas. Creswell, or Arkansas City, will be called on for $3,000, making a total of $5,000 for an iron bridge.


PARTIES IN WINFIELD are engaged in filing an injunction on the railroad bonds voted to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railway in Sumner. Let's see: Winfield is now manipulating Cowley, Elk, and Sumner counties against railroad interests.


MR. VANCE and lady, with Mr. Copeland and one of the belles of Winfield, were on the grounds of the 4th of July celebration in Bolton. Mr. Vance is one of the managers of the Central, and Copeland exercises a lively quill on the Courier.


R. L. WALKER, Sheriff of Cowley County, paid the TRAVELER a visit on Tuesday of this week. Dick must have good living and plenty of beer, as he is getting a regular lager beer Dutchman's "frontispiece" on him.



TRAVELER, JULY 11, 1877.

John Allen put on a good deal of style one day last week, driving a fast stallion through the streets without lines. He was showing him off with a view of making a sale.

Col. Nickerson, President of the A. T. & S. F. R. R., is expected down the valley this week. He comes to arrange for the extension of the Florence branch of his road into Cowley County.

A. B. Lemmon, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, is in the city. He arrived on Tuesday evening, accompanied by Mrs. Lemmon, who will remain in Winfield while Mr. Lemmon makes his annual visit to the various counties.

Several of the papers grow witty over the fact that the editor's son was born immediately after an advertisement for a boy was inserted in the Telegram. Easy, boys, don't throw yourselves away on this. You know that two thirds of you would advertise for a boy for a solid year if you thought it would do you any good.



TRAVELER, JULY 11, 1877.

Mr. W. P. Hackney was over from Winfield last week and spoke in a very hopeful manner of the early completion of the Parsons, Ellsworth & Puget Sound Railroad. Work will begin as soon as the core of engineers, now engaged in finding a suitable crossing over the Pacific Ocean, make a favorable report. This line of road is to encircle the globe parallel with the Equator. It is a mammoth undertaking, but the men having control of the enterprise are equal to the task. This will be one of the greatest achievements of the age. The bridge across the Pacific Ocean will be the grandest structure ever known. Sumner County Democrat.



TRAVELER, JULY 11, 1877.

TO RENT. 160 acres of land, all under cultivation; apply at this office or to Frank Lorry.


HAY. All those wanting hay this fall can make sure of it by calling on J. W. Hutchinson.


FARM FOR RENT. Bottom land, about 150 acres ready for cultivation; seed furnished; good accommodations; inquire of Houghton & McLaughlin.


FOR SALE. 1 mule and harness, also a set of double harness nearly new. 1 John Deere Sulky Plow, breaker and stirrer complete;. nearly new, and in good order. Also 1 double harrow very little used. Inquire of Houghton & McLaughlin.


HORSES FOR SALE. I have for sale, for cash, or on time with bankable security, one bay pony, warranted to work in plow or wagon, price $40; one light sorrel mare, $30; one light gray mare, $25. C. M. SCOTT.


MARES FOR MULES. I have a team of good brood and work mares I will trade for a team of good mules. GEORGE WHITNEY.


Arkansas City Traveler, July 11, 1877.


[Written for the Indian Herald.]

The Western Indian in 1806CNumbers and Names of ChiefsCCatlin, the Painter, Among the OsagesCRavages of the Small Pox.


In the chart prepared by Lieut. Montgomery Pike, U. S. A., who explored the Arkansas to the Great Rocky Mountains, and thence across to the Rio Grande, after whom Pike's Peak is named, we find the following locations of Indians of 1806.


Main village in fork of Kansas and Blue Earth rivers, numbering 1,565. Old villages were above the mouth of the Platte on the Missouri.


This tribe was located on White River, Arkansas, near where Forsythe now stands.


Grand Osage village on Sac River, at the head of Osage River, in Missouri, in Big Bend, on east side, numbering 1,695; Principal Chief, Cahagatonga, White Hair; Second Chief, Wat-cha-wa-ka.

Shen-ga-Was-saCBeautiful Bird, became most known from being a great deal with Pike.

The names of the other Osage Chiefs are given as:

Ta-wan-ga-ha, he who drives villages.

Ic-he be so hun-gar, wise family, (Son of White Hair).

Hapense Pointed Horn (first soldier).

Ona-po-ran-ga Go-ha-gat che, the Chief himself.

Wa-sa ba-gun ga, without nerve.

O-ga hawass, the Son-in-law.

Tonemancara, the heart of the town, Great Osages.

Nezuma, the rain that walks.

Tetobasi, without ear rings.

Taichem, the yellow skin deer.

Mandgraide, the big rogue, Little Osages.

The Osages warred with Pottawattamies, Arkansas, Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks, Comanches, Caddoes, etc.


This tribe was situated lower down on the west side of the Sac River, numbering 824; Principal Chief, Sut ta-sug-gyCThe Wind; Second Chief, Watch-kes-ingarCSol-dier Dog. Arkansas Osage village in forks of Vermillion (Verdigris) numbering 1,500.


Republican village on Republican Fork of Kansas, had 1,618. Chiefs Char-ac-ter-ishCWhite Wolf, and It is-ta kap be--Rich Man. Grand village on south side of Platte, near where Benton, Nebraska, now is, numbering 3,120. Pawnee Loups on Loup Fork of Platte, above the forks in Nebraska, numbering 1,485.


Or Tetans, as the French called them, numbering 8,200.


The Canadian River was called on Pike's chart Nesonchebrara.

The Poteau River is called Otter River.

South Fork of Canadian is called Nesconregasca.

The Cimarron is called Nesewketonga.

The Salt Fork of the Arkansas is called Negracka River.

At the mouth of the latter it is marked "crossing place of the Osage."

A little Osage camp is also marked on the Missouri, about where Lexington now stands, and "Satasuggy camps," near the mouth of a stream (apparently Buck Creek), running into the Arkansas, in the Indian Territory.

There was a camp of Missouris near the mouth of Grand River, Missouri, and remains of Otto and Missouri villages; in one, two hundred men, nearly opposite Shell River south side of Platte, now in Nebraska.

It is said that a party of Osages were at Braddock's defeat in 1755, and had to eat their horses on their return home. In their narrations of the circumstance, given early in this century, they said the party rendezvoused at a great waterfall. It might have been the Niagara.

I forgot to state that on Pike's chart, a Choctaw village is located opposite Arkansas Post, a Quapaw village on the Arkansas River, a short distance above; a Conshalta village on the Red River near Conshalta Shute, and old Caddo villages near where Fulton, Arkansas; Jefferson, Texas; and Shreveport, Louisiana, now stand.

[Note: Traveler failed to print all of the items. Missing are stories about Caitlin, the painter, the the ravages of smallpox. MAW]



TRAVELER, JULY 11, 1877.

COL. McMULLEN now owns Murdock's race horse, "Sleepy Jack."

AUNT MARY was the TRAVELER reporter on the 4th, in Bolton township.

A single man pays tax on $200 more personal property than a married man in Kansas.

MISS HORN was severely hurt by being thrown from a horse while riding last Wednesday.

It will be a good plan to take a side of bacon with you when you go to the timber, to rub the jiggers with.

The butt of Democracy that was left after the cutting of the pole on Benedict's corner is sprouting. It is too tender a growth, however, to endure the chill of winter.

A number of Pawnees were in town last week, selling ponies from $5 to $25 each. Some of the Indians were very thinly clad, having only a thin garment over their shoulders.

"COONEY," Joe Sherburne's dog, accompanied him on his return trip from Maine. The young terrier has been East about a year, and gives appearance of having enjoyed the sea breeze.

The principal amusement after the 4th of July was rubbing ammonia or salt bacon on the body to kill the jiggers. We noticed one of the merchants on Summit street with his pants over his ears, trying to find what made him itch so.

Hon. Ed. Hewins, member of the House of Representatives from Chautauqua County, made us a call last week while in town. Mr. Hewins has 600 head of cattle in the Territory, near the mouth of Deer Creek, that he is holding for shipment. Mr. Titus, of Kansas City, was with him. Both are wide awake cattle men.



TRAVELER, JULY 11, 1877.

How They Were Sold.

When the people of the New West go away three to five hundred miles to St. Louis, on another wild goose chase for a narrow gauge road, it will be their faultCthis time it was the fault of others.

They were made fun of, in some instances, by doggerel poetry published in the papers, and insulted by such paragraphs as this.

"Some of the Kansas delegates, who were talking in the Convention the other day about building a narrow gauge railroad, were around town last night trying to borrow a dollar to help them back home."

But they also met some gentlemen there too honorable to deceive them with false pretenses, who told them the exact truth, and no one did it more frankly than George Bain, one of the leading millers of St. Louis, and for several years president of the National Millers' Association. We take what he said because the staple of all the noise as to the narrow gauge has been about the grain of the West.

Mr. George Bain said:

"As a delegate from the Merchant's Exchange, I would say that, if they want a narrow gauge road built, they must build it themselves, or at least take the principal part of the burden."

Mr. Bain spoke knowingly. It was uphill work to get support for the project in St. Louis, although it would be something if it was that the counties were in earnest. He was in favor of the city giving its "moral" support. [Laughter.] They were all ready to do that. If the convention adjourned and left the whole matter in the hands of the committee of twenty-five, it would simply be "throwing straws" in the way of other roads, and he for one did not feel like doing this. He was not willing that the committee should take the whole affair in their own hands.

The mercantile community of St. Louis was divided into four classes.

1. Those who do nothing but take in their rent; and they never subscribe to anything.

2. Those who owned real estate, but could not subscribe to anything.

3. Merchants who owned millions, and who in the old days got 25 percent on all their transactions, and who would now never invest a dollar unless they could get a dollar back.

4. This class is that of the young merchants, who need everything they have for their own business.

Mr. Bain said that if $100,000 could be got out of St. Louis, he would be the most surprised man in the city.

We have taken some pains to ventilate this scheme, for the reason that we knew what there was back of itCnothingCand because it was misleading many honest communities who really want railroads and who must have them.

For example, the people of Cowley County, Kansas, on the representations made, defeated a connection with a road that runs to their county line from Emporia and El Dorado, and subscribed to an East and West road, where a narrow gauge will never be built, and sent delegates six hundred miles to find out just what Mr. Bain told them.

Now any man of railroad experience knows that, save the Pacific roads, built from the national treasury in time of war, no road of a thousand miles has ever been built in this country by even State aid, let alone county and individual subscriptions. The project was so wild that we did not affect to treat it gravely until we saw well meaning people deceived by it.

To build even a narrow gauge "from St. Louis to some point in Colorado," would, in cash, take $10,000,000, and as no county would subscribe except the road would pass through it, the whole would fall on some twenty-five counties, or $400,000 to a county. Or suppose half cash and half mortgage bonds, it would be $200,000 to a county.

The idea of selling county bonds, with the supreme court blockaded with suits against defaulting counties, among them nearly half the counties on the proposed line of road, the project is one of the craziest things ever undertaken by crazy men. We think, however, that it will be necessary to spend much more time in undeceiving the people as to this humbug.

Let the people address themselves to getting a way to market the best way they can, and let them hold on to their means until they see that they count. Don't credit the smooth tongued tales of anybody, and above all don't allow themselves to be frightened out of common sense, by threats to build somewhere else.

Money to a bona fide project commands the situation, and business terms will be met by men who mean business.

Kansas City Journal of Commerce.



TRAVELER, JULY 11, 1877.

Colorado Names.

Spanish or Indian names are very common in Colorado, and the editors who recently visited the State, as well as the public generally, may be interested in learning the signification of some of them, which we give below.

Animas: Souls; spirits.

Las Animas: Popularly, the souls of purgatory.

Canon: tube; hollow cleft.

Colorado: Colored; ruddy.

Cosejos: Rabbits.

Costilla: Timber.

Dolores: Grief; sorrow.

El Moro: The fortress.

Garita [La.]: The sentinel, or little fort.

Hermosa: Beautiful.

Huierfano (pronounced Warfano): Orphan.

La Junta (pronounced La Hunta): The junction.

Las Vegas: Meadows, or tracts of fruitful land.

La Veta: The uein [vein].

Laguna: Lake.

La Loma: Hill; mound.

La Plata: Silver.

Los Pinos: The pines.

Miguel: Michael.

Pueblo: A town; a people-place.

Rio: River.

Rio Grande del Norte: Great river of the North.

Rio Grande: The great river.

Rio San Juan: St. John river.

Rio de la Plata: Silver river.

Roseta: A little rose.

Santa Cruz: Holy Cross.

Sierra Blanca: White Mountains.

Sierra: Literally, serrated or notched; figuratively, rugged mountains.

Sangre de Cristo: Blood of Christ.

Santa Fe: Holy faith.

San Luis: St. Louis.

San Juan: St. John.

Sierra Madre: Mother mountainsCmain range of the Rocky Mountains.

Trinidad: Trinity.



TRAVELER, JULY 11, 1877.


Editor Traveler:

The floods have passed away and dry land can be seen once more. All travel which has been delayed by high water has opened up again. The cattle drive is proving to be a good one; over 100,000 have already passed up. Five thousand and sixty in one herd (the largest of the season) belonging to Littlefield & Huston, in charge of J. W. Jeffries, passed up yesterday: 4,000 were beeves, were worked with fourteen men, were in fine order.

The Northern Cheyennes are expected soon.

Occasionally some man rides off on another man's horse or mule.

Agent J. L. Miles' two daughters returned to the Agency today from Leavenworth, where they have been attending school. Many friends will welcome them.

Thermometer at 110 degrees in the sun with a strong breeze blowing.




[Starting July 18, 1877.]



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.


Winfield vs. Railroads.

Friend Scott:

Has the attitude or action of Winfield, our county seat, in regard to railroad matters, been a credit or disgrace? And will it not tend to make our county second when it might have been first in everything that tends to its development?

They say to us: "We are the county seat of Cowley, and unless we can have all the railroads terminate here, Cowley may sink; for we will not allow a railroad to run through our town and terminate at Arkansas City." Why? Because a few politicians who intend to run this county were snubbed down here at the election last fall, and they would sink the county rather than let us have anything.

They say: "Yes, we believe the K. C., E. & S. road is backed by a substantial company, and will be built if the aid is voted; but it runs to Arkansas City, and that won't do; so we will get up a humbug in the Memphis & Parsons road to defeat it."

Some of the anti-Manning clique said they knew the Parsons road was a humbug, and would do nothing to help it along. But where do we find these same men at and some weeks before the election? Why, working for dear life for this same Parsons road, under their General, E. C. Manning, W. P. Hackney, first, and Allison, second Lieutenant, with a host of county officials and lawyers as CorporalsCall jumping at the slightest nod of their little General, E. C.

Now, will this kind of business pay? This is a pertinent question for us, who are out of the political ring to ask. Let us review. In the first place, a company of capitalists propose to build a railroad through the most populous portion of the county, making Winfield a point. Winfield says No; that it will build up another locality, and make two lively towns, while they want and will have but one. Therefore, until assured of the success of a road which will terminate at Winfield, "we cannot consider your proposition." Winfield then, at an expense of several hundred dollars to the county, put a proposition before the people, commencing at the tail end (unless it was all tail end, as many believed), and tied up the county to the amount of $120,000Cand then discovered that there was a gap in the franchises which they could not fill up. And thus the grand scheme of building a railroad from Memphis to Winfield vanishes into thin air.

Then, again, gentlemen who have secured franchises to the line of Cowley County propose to certain townships that they will build a road through them, and through a portion of the county.

Winfield again takes the field, and in a canvass remarkable for lying and misrepresentation, again succeeds in preventing a portion of the county from giving aid to an honorable company that would build them a road. So far as they rate it, their success has been good: they have given aid to a wishy-washy concern and defeated a solid, reliable one.

Now comes their Waterloo. Having attached a franchise to the tail end of their Parsons road, they see the necessity of instructing the people of Elk County. How should they know, in the benighted regions east of us, what they want in the railroad line? So over to Elk they go, under their indomitable leader, who so fitly represents them, but whose pluck beats his judgment, and sometimes takes him in when he should have stayed out. They went in with flying colors, but alas! the people of Elk refused to be instructed. The called the great Pasha of the Walnut Valley a fool, and said he had better go home and mind his own business, and they came home like barnyard roosters that had sought the wrong dung hillCtheir combs badly torn and their tail feathers dangling in the dirt. So fearful an inroad did this last battle make on the little man's constitution, that he had to take a trip to the mountains and sip cold tea for a week. But he came home hungry, and determined to find a project to kill; and looking over west toward Sumner County, they found a proposition set before that people which did not suit the people of Winfield.

Why should Sumner County vote bonds without consulting them? They had come to the conclusion that if they were not good at building railroads, they were splendid on keeping them out of the country. They went, they saw, but they didn't conquer.

Hard-hearted Sumner said: "What you have unceremoniously kicked out of the way, we will take. You have with unsurpassed ability succeeded in preventing your own people from securing cheaper transportation. We can attend to our own business."

Sumner voted the bonds, and it was settled that a road might possibly be run southwest without the aid of Winfield, and even against her opposition.

Now comes the crowning and most infamous act of the drama. Not content with interfering with and dictating to other counties, the city which would rule the Walnut Valley calls in the lawyers. Sumner County is not to be permitted to settle the question of the legality of her own votes, but Winfield men and Winfield money must still be used to defeat an election held in another county and among another people. The matter, however, must be nicely covered up.

Somebody must come over from Sumner, and get the attorneys; somebody from Sumner must carry on the negotiations, but looking closely, you can see the cloven foot, and "he that runs may read." By their fruits ye shall know them, and if the people of Winfield have, by determined and persistent effort, succeeded in beating themselves, who shall _____________.

[Last line cut off.]




School District Officers Attention.

The annual school meeting will be held on the 9th of August, at 2 o'clock p.m. At this meeting a director should be elected for a term of three years, and vacancies in other offices should be filled for the unexpired part of the term.

Clerks should post notices of this meeting at least ten days previously thereto, and in three or more public places.

Officers elected at this time should qualify within twenty days thereafter.

District clerks should make complete records of each and every meeting held in their respective districts.

The clerk's annual report of the year ending July 31st, should be complete in every particular, and presented to the meeting for necessary correction, and then sent at once to his office. He should make a complete list of the taxpayers of his district, and send the same to the County Clerk on or before August 25th. He should report to the County Clerk at once the amount of tax levied at the annual meeting. Any failure in making this report renders the clerk liable to a fine of fifty dollars. The District Clerk should report to this office the names and post office addresses of all newly elected officers. He should promptly report, also, the beginning of every school term.

In no case should school boards contract with parties not holding certificates, and when contracting, the board should carefully examine the certificate of the applicant.

Every school district in Cowley County should hold its annual meeting, and make its annual report. Our county loses every year hundreds of dollars by failures in this matter.

Full supplies of blanks, copies of school laws, and district records are in my office, and district officers should call for them in time for the annual meeting.

School boards are authorized by law to make uniform the text books used in their respective schools, and this should be insisted on by every school board in the county. Districts which have tried the plan of buying their own books are fully satisfied with the gain in every respect.

District boards which have no district records are authorized by law to get such records, and no district should be without them.

R. C. STORY, County Superintendent.




ELLSWORTH, July 4th, 1877.

Rev. David Thompson:

DEAR SIR: Your letter of inquiry of the 22nd ult., received. I will say for your informa-tion that I am doing all I can to have the streams of Kansas stocked with fish. I have procured for the State 100,000 young shad which were, contrary to my intention, deposited in the Kaw River. I expect to get Solomon this fall. I shall visit your portion of the State some time this fall. I find that it will be impossible to stock any but the principal streams this year, but hope in time to see all the streams stocked with fish that will thrive in our waters; the most we can do at present is to protect the fish now in our streams and introduce such varieties as are known to do well in streams of the same latitude.

Yours Respectfully,




War Relic.

Hanging in the office of the Empire Hotel, Empire City, Cherokee County, is an old Springfield musket, such as the army used before the hostile Indians demanded (for their own use) something better, and attached to the stock is the following bit of history.

"This gun belonged to Sue Mundy, the Kentucky guerrilla who was captured with Magrauder, the outlaw, while sick, in a log cabin, in Hardin County, south of Louisville, in April, 1865."

"Sue Mundy was, from his youthful appearance, supposed by many to be a girl. He was only 17 years old, but was an expert in the saddle, and both an excellent shot and a daring man."



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

B. F. Saunders, just returned from the Territory, found crops through Sedgwick and Sumner counties looking splendid, especially corn and oats of which there will be a larger crop than ever before. He found farmers very busy harvestingCwheat will be all harvested this week.

He went to see herds of Hood & Hughes, who are holding their cattle on Pond Creek. Since the 15th of February, Mr. Saunders has purchased and shipped the following lots of corn fed cattle.

Chas. Tabin, 108 head, at 3-3/4 cents.

Archibald Elhs, 141 head; extra beeves at 4-1/2 cents.

Mr. Wilday, 60 head, at $56 per head.

Mr. Fowler, 33 head at $58 per head.

A. B. Woodruff, 21 head, at 4 cents.

Mr. Myton, 27 head, at 3-3/4 cents.

The above gentlemen are residents of Butler County.

R. F. Burden, 42 head, 4 cents.

Mr. Wiley, 60 head, at 4-1/4 cents.

E. & B. Shiver, 134 head, at 3-3/4 cents.

S. R. Smith, 104 head, at 4 cents.

All of the above gentlemen are residents of Cowley County.




TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

The old feud that has existed between the Pawnees and Osages for be so many years came near culminating last week. The territory occupied by the Pawnees has long been used by the Osages as a pasture ground for their ponies, and, ever since it has been owned by the Pawnees, the Osages have herded their ponies on it.

The Pawnees recently requested the Osages to keep their ponies on their own side of the Arkansas, and stated that if they were driven into their reservation another time, they would take care of them, but the Osages were unwilling to yield to a set of men whom they compare to women, and drove their ponies over again.

The Pawnees, though small in stature, have long been used to fighting the Sioux, and not being much afraid of the Osages, made their word good.

This, of course, raised a rumpus with the Osages. The Osages then sent runners all over their reservation, calling for volunteers to attack the Pawnees, and before the ponies could be returned to the Osages, they had mustered a force sufficient to whip the world (in their estimation). It, however, terminated by timely interference, without the loss of blood. Herald.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

Osages have quit eating dogs.

Osages found buffalo near Salt Plains.

Osages paint in black and play "shinny."

Osages think wheat straw poisons their hogs.

Dr. Hunt, physician for the Kaws, is sick.

Osage hunters are at home feasting on fat buffalo.

Osages need fresh buffalo skins to make lodges.

The Big Hill Band of Osages is the wealthiest of the tribe.

Half breeds danced in Big Chief's hall on the evening of the Fourth.

Osages report white hunters scarce on the plains of the Territory.

Nearly 800 Indians with 2,000 ponies were at the wedding last week.

Osages have nothing to keep them at home, and need fresh meat.

The old time Osages killed panthers and bears with bows and arrows.

Osages say their horses were overjoyed at the sight of the buffalo ground.

Osages found a herd of wild horses west of Salt Plains, and captured two of them. They are fine ponies.

The Big Hills are anxious to return to the buffalo pasture, near Salt Plains.

Osages don't like to tell bear stories in summer time. They are afraid of snakes.

The Osage brave smokes under a coffee bean, while his squaw mauls a pecan into rails.

Osages don't like to kill snakes, and when they find a rattlesnake in camp, they let it go.

Dog Stealer's son married Mo-show-ka-she's daughter last week. He gave ten ponies for his bride.

Tah-wah ga-reh, Queen, is a name eagerly sought by belles of royal families, and it is both bought and sold.

Wah-co Cab he-cak, Chief Woman, is an honored name among Osages, and it takes ten of the fleetest ponies to obtain it.

How-kah, is the name of an old Osage ceremony. It was abandoned for 20 years, but it is now being revived by western Osages.

Osage women do most of the outdoor labor, and Sam Bevenue wants them allowed to vote and hold office instead of painted dandies.

Dr. Frank Trumbley, the only professional Osage, has fifty acres of corn, from which he expects a yield of more than fifty bushels to the acre.

The bear, panther, and beaver skins are used by the Osages in their "medicine works," but the skin of the wild cat is prized higher than all others.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

Crop reports for the past ten days have assumed a new phase, especially concerning the wheat. Some fields were blighted by rust to such an extent that the yield will be from three to four bushels per acre; other fields will not be cut at all; some more will yield from eight to twelve bushels, and the remainder will range from twelve to thirty, while the average will not exceed fifteen. This, though less than anticipated, is very good when all the circumstances are taken into consideration, and judging from reports received from Minnesota, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Missouri, and portions of Ohio, it is far ahead of those states. Our farmers have no just cause for complaint, but every reason to feel encouraged. Gazette.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

The steamer Fletcher has just arrived from Little Big Horn, bringing the remains of Gen. Custer and other officers massacred with him June 25th, 1876. They will be taken to Fort Lincoln for the present.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

Mr. Robert Mills, of Salt City, informs us that it is all "bosh" about him being Mayor of that city. Said the report was circulated by some slanderous mischievous individual of Winfield, who entertained fears of that becoming a rival town.

Sumner County Democrat.


Indian Agent Barns, of Nevada Agency, telegraphs to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs from Wadsworth that Benjamin Holland, a farmer at the Reservation in Southeastern Nevada, and W. H. Carter, formerly a blacksmith there, were shot and killed by four white men. The Indians and whites from the reservation are in pursuit of the murderers.


Col. Whipple's command attacked Looking Glass and his tribe near Clear Creek and killed seventeen Indians.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

FLOUR $4.50 per hundred weight.

EGGS 10 cents per dozen and still falling.

CALDWELL is to have a steam flouring mill.

One drunk and one arrest last Saturday.

The much needed rain fell last Monday.

CUCUMBERS are now in orderCso is the stomachache.

The City Marshal is adorned in a cardinal red jacket.

The barber is sick and the boys all wear hair on their faces.

One of the amusements of the day now, is breaking Texan ponies.

A large number of the farmers of this county have finished harvesting.

New wheat was sold in Wichita last week for sixty cents per bushel.

The Indian Herald has a young Cherokee learning the boxes in that office.

It is stated that Rev. Wingar has sent for all his goods and does not expect to return.

REV. SWARTS has been filling the place of Rev. Wingar in the M. E. ministry during the latter's absence.

NINETEEN THOUSAND FEET OF LUMBER was sawn in four days and a half, last week, at Lippmann's mill.

D. H. CLOUGH will sell out his goods one week from Saturday, and start for the Willomett valley, Oregon.

THE CALL FOR AN ELECTION to vote bonds to rebuild the Arkansas River bridge in Bolton township appears this week.

BORN. And now comes Perry Woodyard with the happy announcement that it is a boy. Born Sunday evening.

MR. HOPKINS was at this place a few days ago, returning from Coffeyville, where he made a good sale of his cattle.

CALDWELL has become a town of considerable prominence since it became the terminus of the K. C., E. & S. Railroad.

MR. BULLINGTON, of Dexter, is going to Kentucky soon after some fine cattle. He will keep them on his place near Dexter.

MR. CLOUGH offered his wheat for sixty cents per bushel, and did not have long to wait until he found a purchaser in Mr. Findley.

The Commissioners at their last meeting allowed the bills of witnesses at court, road viewers, judges and clerks of election, etc.

One of the country post offices gave the mail lock key to the baby to play with and had to do without mail until the key was found.

WHOEVER has number 25, volume six, of the TRAVELER will confer a favor by sending it to the State Historical Society at Topeka.

MR. GRIMES has a fish pen at the mouth of the cave near Newman's mill, where he keeps his fish alive until he is ready to butcher one.

The boys arrested by Mr. McLeese are the same parties spoken of in another item; the mother of one of them supposed he was hung.

A man by the name of Fuson, from Canola, Elk County, was in town yesterday, in search of a sorrel mare and colt, stolen from him last week.

MR. WILL MERYDITH, OF DEXTER, was at this place this week, buying calves and one year old cattle. He paid a fair price and got a number of them.

CHAPLAIN McCABE, the sweet singer and eloquent preacher, will assist at the dedication of the new Methodist church in Winfield, sometime in August.

Thirty-one transients at Godehard's restaurant last Saturday, mostly farmers of this vicinity. The Central Avenue House also had a large patronage.


TOUGH. Mr. McLeese, City Marshal of Coffeyville and deputy Sheriff of Montgomery County, has a constitution something like Buffalo Bill's. Leaving Coffeyville on the morning of Saturday, the 7th inst., in pursuit of the two young horse thieves recently arrested near this place, he traveled almost constantly, snatching what sleep he could on the open prairie, with no blanket or covering whatever, and arrived at this place Tuesday morning. Waiting until a little past noon, he started for South Haven, twenty-two miles distant, in company with A. W. Patterson, and returned about 10 p.m., with one of the thieves. Stopping only for a bite of supper, the two left immediately for Oxford, another twenty-mile stretch, and returned in the morning with thief No. 2. He started for home the same day with the prisoners, doubtless well tired out, but with a stiff upper lip and a determination to reach home without loss of time. He is a faithful officer.


BOY HORSE THIEF CAUGHT. Last spring two boys, eighteen and twenty years of age, living on Shoo Fly creek near South Haven, by the names of John Voucher and James Hudson, left home and were gone until last Wednesday, when Voucher came back to his mother's house. He had not been there a great while when parties came after him and took him to Caldwell. Before going he told his mother that they had arrested him for horse stealing, and that he and Hudson had been in jail, but that he escaped. Nothing has been heard of the young man since he was re-taken, and Mrs. Voucher expects to hear that he has been hung. His father died in the Black Hills, and the affliction on the distressed parent is very severe.


MARRIED. By Esquire Bonsall, on Wednesday evening of last week, at the bride's sister's residence, at the City Hotel, in this place, Mr. W. L. Sullivan and Miss Emily Bridges, both of Sumner County. So it seems the Bridge question has been agitating Sullivan's brain, as well as the people of Bolton Township, who are willing to do almost anything to get over the rushing water.


A heavy rain fell at Dexter Sunday night, and corn in the Grouse valley is looking splendid. Wheat is turning our much better than most farmers anticipated. Mr. J. Cline cut ten acres that he supposed would yield but 100 bushels; but to his surprise, found he had 254 bushels when he threshed it." He had five acres of oats that made 217 bushels.


MARRIED. W. H. WALKER returned last Friday from near Faulmouth, Ken-tucky, bringing with him the former Miss Lydia Drake, to whom he has been united in the holy bonds of matrimony.


MR. GOATLEY killed a large animal on Grouse creek last week that resembled a young panther or lynx. It had been taking his chickens for several weeks past, but this time he saw it early in the morning, and set the dogs after it, and it was not long before they had it up a tree, in easy range of his shot gun.


Those who think peaches will not ripen early in Southern Kansas should call on Geo. Shearer. He showed us a fine specimen of the "Alexander" variety last Wednesday afternoon, and says they were ripe as early as the 4th. Mr. Shearer has a fine orchard, and is confident that peach growing will prove a success in this part of the State.


MR. HAYWOOD desires to thank his friends for the patronage he has received, and retires from business with the best of feelings towards all.

MR. CHANNELL invites all his former patrons to try him again, and assures all he will sell as cheap as anyone in Southern Kansas for cash.


FESTIVAL. The M. E. festival of ice cream and blackberries on last Friday evening was well attended, the young people predominating in numbers. Music, a general social time, and plenty to eat were the pleasures attending the affair. We learn that $13.05 was made above expenses.


The prospects of a railroad at El Dorado have not given that place any unusual excitement yet. Several businessmen have expressed their determination to move to this point as soon as they can sell out, as they believe this will be the terminus.


MARE. Taken up by G. W. Horn, of Guelph township, one sorrel mare, 13 hands high, about 5 years old; roached mane, both hind feet white, bald face, saddle marks; branded with letters "B H" posted before A. J. McManis.


S. P. CHANNELL purchased the hardware store of R. C. Haywood yesterday, and is now ready to serve all in need of anything in his line. Mr. Haywood will devote his time to collecting accounts due him, for awhile.


ELDER H. D. GANS, of Winfield, will preach at the Theaker schoolhouse Saturday night, July 21st; also the following Sunday at 11 o'clock a.m. J. J. BROADBENT.


Since the flood on Grouse creek, the farmers are turning their attention to stock raising. Many of them will now favor the continuance of the herd law, since their fences have been destroyed.


FESTIVAL. The ladies of the First Presbyterian Society of this place will give a black-berry and ice cream festival at the Central Avenue House on Friday evening, July 20. All are cordially invited to attend.


And now we have to chronicle the happy announcement of a bouncing girl for E. D. Eddy. Born Tuesday, July 17th, in the 101st year of the Independence of the United States of America.


PEACHES. Captain Burrell brought in some of the finest peaches last week we have seen for a long while, some of them weighing a half ounce. They sold readily at 20 cents per dozen.


The bridge bond question is now being generally talked over in Bolton Township. The proposition will meet with some opposition, although many influential farmers will favor it.


Good calves are worth from $4 to $6 in this vicinity; yearling heifers, $8 and $10 each; steers, $10 to $12; two-year-old cattle, $17 to $20. Ponies can be bought from $15 to $50.


We overlooked the mention of the picnic held in Coombs' grove on the 4th. Those who attended it all speak in high terms of the pleasant time that was enjoyed.


CHANGE. MR. L. McLAUGHLIN has purchased the grocery department of Houghton & McLaughlin's store, and is conducting the business at the old "Green Front."


MR. WILEY has purchased Mr. McDorman's interest in the store at Dexter, and is conducting the business wholly under his own management.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

SALE OF FARMING AND HOUSEHOLD GOODS. On Saturday, July 28th, I will sell at public auction, in Arkansas City, for cash, my Farming tools, Household furniture, Carpenter and Mason tools, cooking stoves, tables, bedsteads, etc.



FOR SALE CHEAP AT BERRY BROTHERSCOne set Blacksmith's tools, good Bellows and anvil.


HAY. All those wanting hay this fall can make sure of it by calling on J. W. Hutchinson.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

In the matter of the petition of Frank Lorry and others, voters and resident taxpayers of said township asked for a special election to be held for the purpose of voting bonds to repair the bridge across the Arkansas River in Section One, Township Thirty-five, Range Three East, to the amount of Two Thousand Dollars. Signed by J. M. Sample, Trustee; A. J. Kimmel, Treasurer; and T. Parvin, Clerk on July 14, 1877.


TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

Prof. Hoyt is getting up a joint stock association for the purpose of putting up a building to be used by the Gymnasium Society: shows, theatres, balls, and such like. The shares are being taken rapidly, and, from what we can learn, it will be a success. A building of the kind contemplated will be a good thing to have in town, and an excellent good thing to have for our Railroad Celebration. We hope it will be put up in time to be used for that purpose. Eldorado Times.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.



LAWRENCE, KANSAS, July 9, 1877.

SEALED PROPOSALS will be received in this office until 3 p.m. of Friday, the 3rd day of August, for the erection of a stone building, for accommodation of a manual labor school, at the Pawnee Agency, Indian Territory; said building to be completed to the satisfaction of the U. S. Indian Agent in charge, according to plans and specifications, which may be examined in this office, or duplicates thereof at the office of the Eagle, Wichita, Kansas. Each bid must contain a guarantee signed by two responsible parties that, in case the bid is accepted, the contract will be entered into with good and sufficient bonds within ten days after the award is made.

The privilege is reserved of rejecting any or all bids. Bidders are invited to be present at the opening of the bids, at the hour above named.

WM. NICHOLSON, Superintendent, Indian Affairs.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

A Monster Railroad Meeting was held in Sweet's grove at Longton on the Fourth inst. The Elk Falls Cornet Band was in attendance, as were also several prominent railroad men from Cowley Co., who made flaming speeches in favor of the narrow gauge railroad from Parsons to Winfield to the intense gratification of a few but to the infinite disgust of the many who had been coaxed out under the promise of a Fourth of July celebration.

Several gentlemen who attended the meeting have since informed us that it was simply a "narrow gauge effort" but that it fell perfectly flat. That the people were disgusted and expressed great indignation that they should be gulled in the manner in which they had been.

There were three speeches madeCall by men from Cowley County, and all railroad speechesCno allusion, however, to the Fourth of July. Elk County Ledger.

The railroad alluded to is the defunct Memphis & Parsons road, on which Cowley County was duped to the tune of $180,000.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

Prof. Hoyt is organizing a class in gymnastics in El Dorado.

Caldwell hopes soon to have a daily mail to Fort Sill. Wherefore?

Mr. A. M. Colson, of Caldwell, sold 332 head of cattle last week at $20 per head.

It is estimated that there are 1,200 Russian emigrants in the land district embracing Hayes City, exclusive of Mennonites.

Dodge City is the largest Texas cattle market in the west. The drive will run close to two hundred thousand head this season.

Petitions are again in circulation to submit bond propositions in the townships that failed to vote aid to the K. C., E. & S. R. R. in Butler County.

A proposition to aid in the construction of the L. L. & G. R. R. (standard gauge) west from Independence will be voted upon in Elk County on the 17th inst.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

The Walnut Valley Times announces that the track of the Florence & El Dorado railroad will be laid to El Dorado by the 31st inst., and that there will be a free excursion train run between the two places on the 1st day of August. This is the first road into the county of Butler, and naturally enough, they feel good over it.


A young man by the name of Gross was drowned on Monday evening last, while bathing in the Arkansas River, at Mr. Somerville's place, on section 36. Mr. Gross had been working in the harvest field for Mr. Somerville during the day, and in company with the two Mr. Somervilles, went to the river in the evening to bathe; where, getting some distance from the shore and in deep water, he became exhausted and apparently alarmed and sank, since which all efforts to recover the body have been unsuccessful. Mr. Gross was a single man, 22 years of age, and a recent comer here; lived with a brother-in-law four miles southwest of town. Oxford Independent.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

A change in the Courier management is rumored. The new firm would stand: Lemmon, Kelly, & Millington, with Fred Hunt as local editor. Telegram.


"What about that east and west road? is put to us daily. Just hold your breath friends. Winfield Courier.




Wild Bill.

The murder of W. B. Hickok, known as Wild Bill, a frontiersman, whose fearlessness, skill, and manly beauty Gen. Custer has praised in a magazine article, attracted wide attention about a year ago.

A Cheyenne correspondent of the World gives this new account of the killing.

"Fate brought him to the same card table with Jack McCall, a gambling sharper. On the last hand McCall bet $10 and lost; and when he came to settle, found that he had only $7.50. Bill, remarking, "You oughtn=t to overbet your pile; that's no way to play cards," handed him back $5 to pay for his lodging and breakfast. Next morning Bill was in a saloon, when McCall came behind him noiselessly, placed the muzzle of his revolver to the back of his head, and killed him."

The same writer sketches the widow of Wild Bill. She has had two husbands, both public characters, and both doomed to a violent death. In 1847, at the age of 15, she married William Lake, a clown, of whose circus she became financial manager. In 1869, while the circus was at Granby, Missouri, a loafer named John Killion, slipped in without paying. Lake ejected the deadhead, who armed himself, returned to the tent, paid his way in, and seeking out Lake, shot him dead. After her husband's death, Mrs. Lake took the management of the circus, which she conducted for three seasons, visiting all parts of the Union. She then sold off her menagerie, apparatus, and stock, and in 1875 went to San Francisco. There she remained but a few weeks, going to Cheyenne a year ago last April, where a little afterwards she was married to Wild Bill.




[From the Eureka Herald.]

The engineers on the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern compliment the Metropolitan Hotel at this place, in saying the change from their experience at Emporia to it is decidedly refreshing.

The City Council at their session last Saturday evening passed an order directing the payment of expenses incurred in the campaign in favor of the proposition to vote bonds on the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad.

Mr. Fuller informs us that he confidently expects to have the line through this county ready to let to contractors by the 10th of August. He is greatly pleased with the country from the Verdigris to this placeCsays it's beautiful enough to delight the heart of man. This coming from a practical engineer is decidedly poetic.

Mr. Fuller with his engineer force arrived in Eureka last Thursday evening. Yesterday morning he started west intending to look over the line through Butler. He proposed to put the men to work on the line at the west line of his county and have them survey back this way and thence to Madison. It was necessary to do this as Mr. Fuller had never been over the proposed route and was unable to give the necessary directions.

We are informed by Mr. Fuller that the contracts for building the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern to the south line of Lyon County are all let, and men are already at work getting out stone for the masonry. The grading is let to a Chicago firm fully prepared to prosecute the work without delay as they are regular railroad builders and own all the necessary teams, tools, and appliances.

[From the Oxford Independent.]

The railroad is coming; let her come.

The Kansas City, Emporia and Southern railroad is progressing rapidly from Emporia south; contracts let and material brought upon the ground.

A number of Wellington's heretofore zealous railroad men are opposed to the Emporia road because it costs so much to run it to Caldwell. Of course, they are glad to have it go there, but then its too hard on the poor taxpayers. Now this may be all right, but to some, it looks pretty thin.

We understand that some of the Winfield attorneys propose to put a quietus on the railroad enterprises in Sumner County, by contesting the issuing of bonds voted in aid of the road, i.e., and provided always that Belle Plaine will raise them $500 to start in with. At last accounts Belle Plaine had raised $7 of the money. Of course, this assures the success of the scheme; these patriotic attorneys will never stand back for the small amount yet in arrears.




Ed. Smith, one of the government agents to appraise Indian lands, has returned to his home at Paola. He will again go to the frontier about the first of September.


Messrs. Henning and Nettleton of the Gulf and L., L. & G. railroads, contemplate visiting Elk County this month in the interest of the extension of the L., L. & G. road into that county.


A call will soon be made for an election in Wellington Township, to vote on the proposition of issuing township bonds to the amount of $600, to aid in building a bridge across Salt Creek.


From the Emporia News we learn that the contracts for building the Emporia Narrow Gauge Southwest have been let, and that the road will probably be completed to Eureka this year.


Mr. Ed. Fenlon, the Government shipping and freight contractor, has bought the Jackson warehouse on Douglas Avenue, east of the depot, and rented the Greeley warehouse east of the People's elevator. Both houses are filled at the present time with goods for the agencies in the Indian Territory. Wichita Beacon.



TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.

The Wichita Eagle says W. P. Hackney, Leland J. Webb, Hon. E. C. Manning, and W. M. Allison were all up at Wichita last week "and got it."


A temporary injunction has been granted parties at Winfield preventing the issue of the bonds recently voted to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad. It will more than likely be set aside at the August term of court.


Ex-Senator Colonel St. Clair, of Sumner County, is making about as big a fool of himself working up opposition to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railway bonds, just voted, as he did in the Legislature when Hackney got away with a Senatorial district for Cowley County alone, while the Colonel took Sumner and all the coyote districts to make the tail end of Wichita's district.


WM. NICKERSON, President of the A., T. & S. F. railway, was at Winfield last Monday. He came at the request of the citizens of that place, but made no proposition to extend the road he represents into Cowley County, but stated that he would consider the matter, and give them an answer in sixty days. He also said that if he made a proposition at all, it would be to go to the State line.

The Kansas City, Emporia & Southern are steadily working up their enterprise, and we may yet have a choice of two roads from the north.



TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.

The prominent dignitaries of the city of Winfield were all up this week. W. P. Hackney, Esq., was after an injunction against the issue of railroad bonds in Cowley County. He got it. Leland J. Webb, Esq., wanted a writ of habeas corpus for a client. He got it. Hon. E. C. Manning was up for a taste of city life. He got it. Will Allison, editor of the Telegram, was up for money. From his looks, we guess he secured an abundance.



TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.

RIPE tomatoes.


TOWN full of strangers.

ROASTING ears plentiful.

BLACKSMITHS are all busy on plow work.

The yield of oats this year is remarkably large.

Blackberries are selling at fifteen cents per quart.

Ripe apples and peaches are offered for sale on the streets.

JOHN McMILLAN and family have left Winfield in disgust.

PARKER and CANFIELD are erecting watermelon houses.

The Dean boys sold their cattle and made about $3,000 on them.

More grain stacks in Cowley County than in any other county in the State.

A. O. HOYT returned from the north last week, where he had been on business.

NINE TEAMS loaded with freight for the Pawnee Agency left town on Monday.

The bridge pier on the Walnut washed out last week. It will be rebuilt by Mr. Newman.

The chandelier of Houghton & McLaughlin's store fell to the floor and was demolished yesterday.

The Superintendent of the Emporia schools is to receive $675 for the next nine months term.



D. H. CLOUGH sold a span of ponies, new wagon, and harness to Thomas Baird last week for $150.

DOCTOR R. H. REED, of Longton, Elk County, Kansas, is in the city seeking a location for a drug store.

THIRTY FEET of the stone dam at Winfield was washed out during the high water of the Walnut this week.

COL. J. M. HAWORTH, Indian Agent at Fort Sill, accompanied by his wife, passed through Wellington last week, en route to Olathe.

NEW ADS. L. McLAUGHLIN's and S. P. Channell's new advertisements appear this week, and Berry Brothers and Houghton & McLaughlin have made a change in theirs.

AD: BERRY BROS. Continue the Grocery Business at SHERBURNE'S OLD STAND, -with a full line of- GROCERIES, QUEENSWARE, STONEWARE, AND CUTLERY. Remember the "Opposition Store." BERRY BROTHERS.


I invite my friends and the public generally to call at the "Green Front" and see if I cannot save you money in anything in my line. I will endeavor to sell at the lowest prices, and furnish good articles in every line. Give me a call.

AD: This space reserved for S. P. Channell's announcement of Hardware.


Having bought Houghton & McLaughlin's store south of the old bridge, will keep on hand a general stock of STAPLE DRY GOODS! BOOTS, SHOES AND GROCERIES, Which he will sell at the lowest possible price for cash. Call and see me.





Have opened a Drug Store in the new building south of Benedict's store, and have just received a large and fresh supply of Drugs, Patent Medicines, Chemicals, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, and Pure Liquors for Medicinal Purposes.


HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN -AT THE- NEW BRICK CORNER, Have a large stock of Dry Goods, Notions, Ribbons, Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, Clothing and Carpets, than Any Other Two Houses in Cowley County.

Our facilities for buying are equal to any concern in the State. We bought our entire spring stock on a market from 10 to 25 percent lower than any other house in this county, and we propose to give our customers the benefit of our great bargains. Each line of goods in our stock is more complete than the same line of goods in any other house in the county, and we guarantee better prices. Come and see, and satisfy yourselves. HOUGHTON & M'LAUGHLIN.



BENJAMIN HARBERSON had a violent convulsion in Mitchell's harness shop last Saturday, and suffered terribly for fifteen minutes from the effect.


The 27th of last month was the 50th anniversary of the establishment of Fort Leavenworth, the post having been established June 27, 1827.


NARROW ESCAPE. While O. C. Skinner was crossing Shilocco Creek in the Territory last week, one horse refused to swim, the wagon box floated off, and one of the ladiesCMiss Ida SmallCwas carried down stream, and would have drowned if she had not been rescued. Mr. Skinner had crossed the creek many times before, but was not aware it was so deep, knowing there had been no rain and forgetting that the Arkansas was full, and that the backwater was in all the streams emptying into it. The parties in the wagon were Mary Skinner, Ida Small, Miss Graves, and himself. When the contrary horse laid on his side and the wagon stopped, the bed floated off. The horses then plunged and made for the shore. Mr. Skinner held to the box until he could jump ashore and land his sister and Miss Graves. He then ran downstream after the missing girl, whose hand he saw extended out of the water. In a few minutes, after an effort worthy of the young man, he succeeded in getting her to shore. After throwing up a quantity of water, she gained her senses, and was brought safely home.


JAMES DODWELL, a former resident, has returned to El Dorado to stay and will engage in business at once. He is accompanied by others who will make El Dorado their home. Eldorado Times.

Guess not, Mr. Times. Mr. Dodwell looked around El Dorado, and concluded it would be no town at all after the railroad gave it the go by, and came on down to Arkansas City, the terminus, where he has rented a house, bought a lot, and is going to build a shop, and go into business in a live town. His father-in-law and brother, both heavy boot and shoe dealers of Michigan, accompany him, and will locate here.


MR. L. S. COOKE, the first white man who ever drove a stake on the townsite of Arkansas City, called on us yesterday, with J. P. Short, another old settler. It was on the 4th day of November, 1869, when Chetopa was camped on the Walnut, and the Indians had full sway. They took their wagon to pieces in order to get over the bluff near Tom Callahan's. There were no whites in this part of the county then. Soon after Prof. Norton and others came, jumped the claims, that had then been abandoned, and started the town.


A man came to Joe Sherburne to rent a house a few days ago. Joe said he had no house. "Well, they say it is yours," said the inquirer. "Oh! You mean my stable?" "I don't care what you call it. It is the only house I can get in town, and I want it." Joe told him to move in, and now considers he has a house, sure enough.


A festival was given by the members of the First Church, at the Central Avenue Hotel, last Friday evening, and was generally attended. Ice cream, blackberries, coffee, and cake were served in the best of style, and all seemed to enjoy themselves.


The quarterly meeting of the M. E. church will be held at Holland's schoolhouse Saturday and Sunday, August 11th and 12th. Preaching Friday evening and Saturday at 11 o'clock in the morning and early candle light in the evening. Also on Sunday. Presiding Elder, Rev. A. H. Walter will be present.


JACOB PARR will cross parties over the Arkansas River at Denton's ford, in a small boat for five cents each. He has a team that can be hired for $2 per day, and will run it two days in a week, hauling passengers to town, and charging enough only to make the required two dollars.


HON. C. R. MITCHELL came down from his farm yesterday in an old fashioned manner, and went to work as though nothing had happened, and had it not been for our friends, we would not have known for a week that he was the proud father of another beautiful daughter.


A. CHAMBERLAIN has purchased the furniture store of L. McLaughlin, and will conduct the business hereafter. Mr. Chamberlain is a licensed auctioneer, and in connection with his store, will have an auction every Saturday afternoon. Bring in what you have to sell.


REV. DAVID THOMPSON goes to Elk County, this week, by request of the members of the United Presbyterian church of Longton. The good people of Elk County will find Rev. Thompson a gentleman of extended experience and remarkably well read.


The newspaper men of Winfield were on their muscle last week. One had to be taken off of a big six footer, and the other made known his desire to bury the hatchet. That hatchet is dug up and buried every other day with one man.


UPSET. Charley Cline and a cattleman by the name of Babb had an upset last week, damaging the buggy considerably, and hurting Mr. Babb slightly. The latter named gentleman has a herd of 40,000 Texas cattle in the Territory.


Business is getting dull with the attorneys at Winfield, and one of them is making preparations to engage in the show business. He has a show horse and a buffalo calf already, and is buying old shirts to make the tent of.


MR. MUMMERT drove into the Walnut at Harmon's ford last Monday, and had some difficulty before he got out. Those water indicators should be replaced so that travelers may know the depth of the stream.


Last week a sun bonnet crossed over to Balcom's house. Soon after another one left, and presently sun bonnets were going hither and thither, all over town, and the news reached us Charley Balcom's was a girl.


A. H. GREEN it is sued for $5,000 damages for the false imprisonment of J. E. Scarle [?], of Winfield, who was released from custody in Wichita last Friday, by writ of habeas corpus.


JOE MACK has been married to Miss Bull, at Winfield. "Bully, bully, bully, bully, by gum." Married a bull in Cowley County. What will be the result?



Business has begun to resume its usual activity, and the prospects of the railroad are bringing many visitors to this place.


The commissioners to appraise lands on the Cheyenne and Arrapahoe Indian reserves, south of the Arkansas River, have ceased their labors until cooler weather.


The Osages stole four horses from Jake Keffer about a month ago. He managed to get three of them back, and received pay for the other one after some delay.


S. W. CHASE, of Tisdale Township, we learn, will be a candidate for the office of Sheriff before the Republican convention. He is well spoken of by his friends.


Every day new machinery is sent out by Channell and Benedicts. On the corner of Benedicts' the sidewalk is blocked with fanning mills, hay rakes, etc.


W. H. HASTINGS, in Sumner County, raised the price of his farm from $3,000 to $5,000 the day after that county voted the narrow gauge railroad bonds.


REV. SWARTS will preach at the M. E. hall, over Berry Brothers' store, next Sabbath morning, and at the Centennial schoolhouse in the evening.



TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.

FOR SALE AT A BARGAIN. 27 yards extra good rag carpeting. Apply at this office.


FRUIT JARS, both glass and stone, a large variety at Hermann Godehard's.


CHEAP FARM. 260 acres, 20 acres of timber, 32 miles south of Arkansas City, on the State line. A splendid stock farm. All for $1,600. Will take part in trade. A. Walton, Benedict building, Arkansas City.


NOTICE. On the first day of August, 1877, I shall send to each and every party indebted to me, a statement of account, which I expect to have paid within thirty days thereafter, or the accounts will be immediately placed in the hands of an officer for collection. This I am compelled to do. JAMES I. MITCHELL.


On and after August 1st toll will be charged on the ferry for crossing the Arkansas River near Arkansas City as follows, from sun rise to sun set: 1 single or double team round trip, 10 cents; 1 passenger on foot or horse back round trip, 5 cents; each additional span of horses or yoke of cattle round trip, 10 cents; after sun set 25 cents per trip will be charged.



TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.

Everybody shakes hands with Geo. W. Newman and inquires after the health of little Miss Newman.

We learn that the A., T. & S. F. road has decided to survey a line from Pueblo to the Rio Grande, to meet there a line from San Francisco. The people of that city propose to extend a road to the Rio Grande to meet the A., T. & S. F. in order to head off the Tom Scott project to build a Southern Pacific road to San Diego. The A., T. & S. F. has also decided to survey from Elinor to Arkansas City, as soon as its branch to El Dorado is finished.



SALT manufactured at Salt City is retailed from the stores of this place.

10 acres of timothy yielded 4 tons of hay. The first in Bolton Township.

DR. ALEXANDER has had a new sign painted, and an addition to his house on Summit street.

During the high water last Wednesday, the west pier of the Walnut River bridge was washed away.

D. MARICLE cut 360 acres of wheat that will average 10 bushels to the acre and 45 acres of oats that will average 50 bushels.

A cattleman came in last week and said that the Indians had stolen all of his ponies from the Cimarron River, where they were grazing.

WM. GRAY received a severe blow just below the eye from the lever of the wheel of the ferry boat last week, while he was helping to tighten the ropes.

REV. McCABE is to assist in the dedication of the M. E. church at Winfield on the 12th of August. The Rev. delivered a very fine lecture here last winter, on the "Bright side of Libby Prison."


RAINED TOADS. A freighter camped near El Paso on Monday night, July 18th, heard what he supposed to be heavy drops of rain or hail falling, but to his surprise found them to be live toads, falling thick and fast upon the ground, in the bed of his wagon, in his camp fire, and everywhere. They fell with a heavy spat, but soon were on their feet jumping around as though nothing had happened.


RIPE APPLES. Mr. Trissell presented us last week with several samples of the "Red Stripe" and "Early Harvest" apples, grown on Mr. William's Rose Hill nursery at Chetopa. The fruit ripened on the 15th of July, and was sent to W. B. Trissell of this place, who represents the nursery in this section.


MR. BULLENE, representing the Missouri Valley Bridge Company of Leaven-worth, was at this place last week, and wanted part payment on the Walnut River bridge. The township officers refused to deliver any part of the bonds until the bridge was completed according to contract. Mr. Bullene has been delayed from building the bridge on account of the piers not being ready and has sustained some loss, but the bonds will not be transferred until the bridge is completed.


MR. CHANNELL has engaged a large space in the paper this week to tell the people what he has in the hardware line. He will go north soon to replenish his stock, and when it arrives, he will have one of the largest supplies of wagons, machines, and farming implements to be found anywhere in the Southwest. Mr. Channell always bore the reputation of selling the best hardware for the least money, and his many friends will be glad to learn that he is again in business.



TRAVELER, JULY 26, 1877.

MAPLE CITY, July 12th, 1877.

Friend Scott:

A man never knows anything until he learns it. Now there is one fact I, with others, would like to hear through the columns of the TRAVELER, and that is the status of our present herd law. When, if ever, without some action from the voters of this county, does it expire? I was not a resident of Kansas when the law passed, and upon inquiry I find quite a diversity of opinions as to how long the law is to continue. Also, I find by observation, that the law is becoming very unpopular. A strong public feeling is setting in against it here in this section of our county.

Ventilate this question in the next TRAVELER, and oblige


The following explanation is given us by Hon. C. R. Mitchell.

"The law of 1872 is the one now in force. And as it now stands in our county, there is no power except the Legislature that can amend or repeal it at any time. A bill was up before the Legislature last winter to authorize the County Commissioners to say when this law should cease to be in force, and it required a majority of the voters of the county to petition the board of County Commissioners, to that effect, before they could take such action even then, but most of the western members were so bitterly opposed to a change of any kind in the herd law that although the bill passed the House, it was killed in the Senate.

The law in force at the present time can be found on page 384, of the Laws of Kansas for the year 1872."



TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.


I will speak for the town of Galena, which is "the silver camp of the hills." It is very rich in ore, has one silver smelter here in course of erection, with others on the way here. We have one water saw mill doing a good business, also a fine twenty-five horse power steam saw mill at work, which has a shingle mill and planing mill attached. We have about one hundred houses in town which we are resurveying now. We mean to build a city here. For business houses we have hotels, restaurants, bakeries, dry goods, and grocery stores, saloons, cards, etc., but be it said to the credit of the city there is not a "hardy" house in town. The 4th was duly celebrated by ladies and gents alike assembling under a beautiful spruce tree where we had speeches, toasts, etc. The evening passed off pleasantly with a party. We have been here about two weeks and the town has nearly doubled in size in that time. I. A. L.



TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.

The Normal Institute for Cowley County will open Wednesday, August 1st, in Winfield. Prof. L. B. Kellogg, of Emporia, will conduct the exercises, assisted by Bro. W. Robinson, of Winfield, Miss Ella Wickersham, of Tisdale, and R. C. Story, County Superintendent. G. H. Buckman, of Winfield, will give special instruction in vocal music.

The following gentlemen will address the teachers and citizens upon subjects of interest: Rev. Mr. Fleming, August 3; Rev. Mr. Rushbridge, August 10; Dr. C. E. Pomeroy, August 13; Rev. Mr. Platter, August 17; Mr. D. A. Millington, August 25.

An address is expected from Rev. J. J. Wingar, should he return from the west before the close of the month.

Parties attending the normal will be charged a tuition fee of one dollar. Applicants for certificates will be examined August 30 and 31, fee one dollar.



TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.

Indian ponies are all the go now a days.

Kaw Indians are in town every day with plums to "swap."

Both mills are running day and night grinding new wheat.

BORN. On Thursday, July 12th, 1877, to Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Platter, a son.

Born to Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Holloway, on the 16th inst., a boy. Weight eight pounds.

When completed Winfield will have two of the finest church buildings in the Southwest.

The Union Sunday school is prospering finely. Nearly 150 scholars attend regularly every Sabbath.

The bridge bonds were carried by a majority of 24. (3-5 vote) and now we will have bridges "till you can't rest."

R. Rodocker, formerly a photographer in this city, is said to be engaged in taking photographs of mines in the Black Hills.

War in the tonsorial business. You can get a good square shave now-a-days for ten cents. John Nichols will get away with opponents on a shave or in war to the razor.

Mr. Goff, proprietor of the salt works at Salt City, we are informed, has already manufactured upwards of fifty thousand pounds of salt this season. The salt is obtained by evaporation. The water from these springs is said to contain one pound of salt to every gallon of water. If coal should be found at this point, and no doubt it will at some future day, hundreds of thousands of pounds of salt will be manufactured yearly, and Salt City will become one of the liveliest towns in the Southwest.


TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.

SALT CITY, July 17, 1877.

Mr. Berkey is at Wichita, as usual, purchasing goods for his store at this place. He has had a rich harvest this summer as his numerous trips to the railroad indicates.

Mr. James Mitchell is running a first-class harness shop at this place. He also keeps on hand a full supply of harness, saddles, and all kinds of goods pertaining to first-class establishments of this kind.

Mr. Thos. J. Royal, formerly of the firm of Todd and Royal, Wichita, Kansas, has located at this place. He is going to remain with us permanently. He is going to continue the coal prospecting at this place, commencing immediately. All parties interested in the discovery of coal at Salt City should inquire or address Thos. J. Royal, Salt City, Kansas.

The majority of the wheat is in stack. Several parties have threshed and report wheat yielding from 14 to 18 bushels to the acre. This is better than they expected.

The proposition to vote bonds to repair the old bridge across the Arkansas River at Arkansas City does not meet with much favor from the residents of West Bolton. Bonds for a new bridge west of the city would be more acceptable.

A bakery and restaurant, blacksmith and wood worker, and drug store would do well at this place. Parties desiring a good location address Wm. Berkey, Salt City, Kansas.

James I. Mitchell is going to open a full stock of hardware; shelf goods of every description can be found at his store.

Farmers have commenced plowing for wheat ground. The majority of them see the importance of early plowing and seeding.





SILVERDALE, July 20th, 1877.

After such a glorious rain, everyone feels happy. The blue bird is to all the sweet flowers of the dale (Silverdale, I suppose). The wild bee is humming at play, and soft is the sigh of the gale. All nature smiles with delight. All kinds of vegetation seems to have taken a new life since the rain. A great many thought we would get no more rain until fall. To such, we are glad to say they were mistaken for once.

Corn looks splendid. All say that it is a sure crop, so far at the weather is concerned.

Potatoes look well. The early kinds have been fit for the table for some time. The late varieties will need another rain before they will mature. Everything in the vegetable line looks well.

The Grouse has been past fording for two or three days, which reminds me that it ought to be bridged before another year. No matter how urgent a man's business is, he must wait until the water goes down before he can cross his team, and this too, after a settlement of nearly eight years. I have never heard a word about bridging the Grouse since I came to this country. It is time we commenced to talk about it at least, perhaps after a year or so we can do something towards building a bridge.


My fellow townsmen want to know what county in the Southern part of the State Winfield intends to bulldoze next, or does she intend to let Elk and Sumner counties build their own railroad? They want to know, also, if it will be possible, in the future, for any county or township in the State to vote bonds for a railroad, without first consulting the Lords and Dukes of Windburg. J. O. W.





The times in this section might be termed lively. Storms, stampeded horses and cattle, Indian shooting affrays, etc.

Last evening a herder came into the ranch, stating that a Mr. Cannon, a man in charge of a herd of Kenedy=s cattle had been shot by one of the hands, a Mr. Robinson, about 25 miles out on the Dodge Trail, was badly if not mortally wounded. Dr. Hodges, Agency Physician, arrived here at 10 o'clock a.m., to see the wounded man that was to have been brought to this place, but has not arrived yet.

A severe storm passed over this place the night of the 17th, stampeded herds of ponies and cattle, one herd of five hundred ponies scattered in every direction of the compass.

Johnnie Murphy, of the Pond Creek Ranch, was driving up a thousand head to put in the ranch, had a stampede in the storm, many of them ran off a 15 foot bank, killing and wounding quite a number.

A number of Cheyennes and Arrapahoes passed up yesterday for Wichita, Kansas, after 40 new wagons. Agent Miles is determined the Indians shall freight their own "grub" from the railroad this winter.

More about the shooting affair when the facts are obtained.





Winfield is enjoying a first-class sensation. A young couple of the upper circle were married about 3 months ago, and were living happily together until about two weeks since, when the fair bride brought forth a fine son and heir. Then, even, the groom was highly elated over his success, but his acquaintances about town began to question his ability to perform such a feat, when the wool was drawn from his eyes, and he left the bride and son, and commenced suit against his wife in district court for damage in the sum of, we believe, $5,000. Of course, he ought to have the damages, and we think Judge Campbell will not hesitate for a single moment to give it to him.

Elk County Courant.




Harry Brown, a mail carrier, reports two horse thieves shot and killed near the Sac and Fox Agency, last week. The thieves were caught with horses stolen from the Indians, and after a desperate fight, they were riddled with bullets by the Indians.

The Patrons of Husbandry of Sumner and Cowley counties hold a picnic at Knell's grove three miles northwest of Oxford on August 1st. Everybody is invited to be present whether members or not. Speeches, music, and other entertainments are on the programme.

In view of the late disturbance in Montana, President Hayes and Cabinet held a session last Saturday and Resolved to call out a hundred volunteers and put a stop to all future Indian troubles. President Hayes will probably take the field and assume command.

We understand work on the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad is delayed by reason of some disagreement between the company and individuals in securing the right of way. As they cannot agree, the forms of the law will have to be complied with, and some time will be necessarily consumed thereby.

Eureka Herald.




We are under obligations to Judge Christian for helping us out during a rush, this week. Mr. Christian is an old newspaper man, and works in harness now as well as he did years ago.


Col. Thomas Nickerson, President of the A. T., & S. F. Co., was in town Tuesday and Wednesday of last week, on matters connected with our railroad. He expressed himself well pleased with the progress and future prospects of the El Dorado branch.

Walnut Valley Times.

Col. Nickerson was in Winfield also, but we did not hear of any expression that he made about the Winfield Branch.


Mr. Hildreth, of Chicago, the contractor for the grading of the Kansas City, Emporia, & Southern railroad, arrived here several days ago and has been waiting to commence work. The right of way difficulties have not yet been adjusted, but Mr. Hildreth could not wait longer and grading commenced south of Dry creek, three miles from the city, today. A large amount of his tools and other necessary grading apparatus are blockaded on the way from Chicago by the railroad strike, but they have enough to proceed with until the balance arrives.

We are more than ever convinced now that the road is to be pushed through.

Emporia News.





Mr. Cannon, the boss of Kennedy=s's cattle, who was shot near this place last Friday, and brought here, died about 12 o'clock last night. He was buried on a mound south of the ranche this morning. Dr. Hodges was here to see him, and all was done that could be done, but death claimed him. Robinson, the man who shot him, was captured yesterday by the soldiers on North Fork, trying to make his escape to Texas. It was terrible to witness the suffering of the wounded man. He was shot through the bowels.

R. C.




Mrs. Wendall, of this place, has been very sick, but is now rapidly recovering under the care of Dr. Maggard. We hope the landlady will soon be able to attend her daily avocations.

Our little town is becoming more lively every day. Our businessmen are in good spirits. Strangers are looking up town lots, and all are expecting the railroad.

Dr. Maggard, brother of the well known Dr. J. A. Maggard, of Oxford, has located at this place, and has his office in Saine's drug store. He is a finely educated gentleman, and just the man for the place. R.




WALNUT fordable again.

A basket picnic will be held in Capt. Smith's grove today.

Agent Spray and Dr. Hunt, of Kaw Agency, were up last week.

Mr. Thompson, of Tisdale township, we learn, will be a candidate for Registrar of Deeds this fall.

The Mexican herders camped on Bitter creek are all sick; caused by drinking water from the creek.

REV. DAVID THOMPSON's address for August and September will be Union Center, Elk County, Kansas.

Ripe apples from Missouri and Arkansas are offered for sale on the streets almost every day at ten cents per dozen or $2 per bushel.

It is predicted by many that hay will be scarce before next fall, as few are making any now. A hard winter would make hay scarce.

MARRIED. On Thursday evening of last week, by Esquire Bonsall, at the City Hotel, Mr. Frank Samuels and Miss Lucy Boggs.

CHEAP FARM. Mr. Chamberlain sold his farm, two miles east of the Walnut, to Mr. Marshall for $1,600. It is well improved and a very desirable place.

MR. TETER came up from the Territory last week and reported that the bodies of two white men had been found partially buried on one of the creeks.

MR. SIMPSON, Stansburry, Hank Taylor, Frank Johnson, and others, who went to Cheyenne Agency with freight, lost a number of their work cattle.

HEWINS & TITUS' herd of cattle were driven across the Arkansas last week for the Kansas City market. Mr. Hewins has gone on the trail to purchase more.

WORK on the M. E. church has been resumed, and all the brick will be laid this week. Rev. Swarts has taken hold of the completion of the work and is hurrying it along.

PROF. E. J. HOYT's smiling countenance illuminated our abode yesterday. Joe has become familiar with all Southern Kansas, and his reputation is growing every day.

HUNDREDS of plum hunters are scattered through the Territory. Generally they are not meeting with much success, as the frost killed most of the early plums while they were budding.

J. A. STAFFORD, of Wichita Agency, has relocated with us again, with his family. Miss Mollie Williams, daughter of A. C. Williams, agent of the Wichita Indians, is with him. They were greeted by many friends.


LOST HIS HAIR. An Osage mourning party met some plum-hunters in the Territory last week, and captured one man, living near Elgin. They took him to camp and informed him that one of their friends had died, and according to an ancient form and custom existing among all Osages, it would be necessary for him to leave with them a lock of his hair; not for its intrinsic value, but as a memento that they had performed their duty toward the dead. In former ages (when Gibson was agent) it was their custom to first kill and then scalp the victim, but under the existing circumstances over which they have no control, they concluded not to kill, but merely clip a lock of hair, which they did. The frightened man was then turned loose and he was not long in reaching the Kaw Agency, where he related his perilous adventure. When he left Kaw Agency, he declared his intentions to go to the State, raise a company of whites, and whip out the whole Osage tribe. If that man ever goes into the Territory again, it will be a wonder.


BACK AGAIN. PARKER, ex-Sheriff of CowleyCcounty, is back again at Winfield, after an absence of several years. His face is as familiar and his countenance just as sneaking as it was four or five years ago, when he came to this place with the avowed purpose of whipping the editor for criticizing his fool-hardy actions as county official. While he sojourned with us in years gone by, he quarreled with every newspaper man in the county, and would have whipped the Traveler editor when he came down to Arkansas City, if his hand had not been so sore. We were awful glad his hand was sore, and yet we might have had cause to pity him, if it had been well. Parker is a fool. In every sense of the word, he acts foolish. Instead of letting bye-gones be bye-gones, and extending the right hand of fellowship to old acquaintances, he cherishes in his bosom a hatred so deep and malicious that misery is constantly bred in his own heart.


It is a sight worth seeing to go into a herders' camp where they are "ropeing" horses and mules that have never had a hand on them. The Mexicans will coil the rope once around the horn of the saddle and twice about their bodies and start their horse on a dead run until within a suitable distance when the rope is thrown, the saddle horse checked, and the pursued animal jerked on its back or haunches so suddenly that the neck is often broken. Once down, a mule is in the power of the man. The harness is then put on, and the animal allowed to get up, led to a wagon, hitched, and driven until it is perfectly subdued. Often they get away, smash the wagon, and tear loose from the harness, but in most instances they do little harm with men who are accustomed to them.


We don't know how true it is, but we learn that Captain Sybert, of Maple Township, is another candidate for Sheriff, and Capt. Chenoweth and a gentleman by the name of Nixon, and one of the former clerks in the County Clerk's office, are candidates for Registrar of Deeds. Mr. True, of Beaver Township, is a candidate for Treasurer, and Ed. Haight for County Surveyor. Their opponents will be the present officers holding the positions with the exception of Sheriff, which office the law prevents anyone from holding more than two terms in succession.


A Texas editor suggests that the fact that he once commanded a squad of rangers sent out to capture a Mexican woman who was required as a witness in a murder case, does not entitle him to the title of "Captain," and he would therefore prefer to be called mister.

If some of Cowley's citizens would follow the same plan, the Colonels, Captains, etc., would not be be so numerous.


PONIES. A Texas man has four hundred head of horses and mules in the Territory, near Mr. Parvin's farm four miles south of this place, that he is offering for from $25 to $75 each. Most of the stock is small wild mules. The horses are ordinary animals, weighing probably from 500 to 700 pounds, most all unbroken to the saddle or harness.


THOUSANDS OF TEXAN' CATTLE are crossing the Arkansas at Deer creek crossing every week, on their way to Coffeyville. There is a beaten trail resembling a State road only a few miles south of us, and yet many people are ignorant of the fact that a railroad to this place would carry every hoof of cattle to market there is south of the State line.


All the candidates that come to town seek Judge Christian's office. Whether they are afraid of being brought before him in his official capacity as Police Judge, or want him to help them in the canvass this fall, we cannot say. Judge is a Democrat, but somehow the Republicans court his acquaintance all the same in a fall campaign.


Dexter has to go to Winfield and Arkansas City now to have their wheat ground. A good miller should purchase the mill there, now closed by mortgage, and run it. There is money in it.

The post office has been moved from McDorman's store to Hoyt's building.

A child of W. H. Haworth's died July 10th, of brain fever.


WILD PLUMS. Parties who have been to the Territory after plums say that about thirty-five miles south of this place on the Salt Fork there is any quantity of them. Henry Endicott and three others gathered eighteen bushels in half a day, and he said he left two hundred bushels on the bushes in one patch.


PEACHES. George Shearer treated the TRAVELER boys to a fine lot of peaches Monday morning, and they have been happy ever since. Mr. Shearer has a beautiful fruit farm three miles east of town, and from the quantity and quality of what he raises, we know he understands fruit culture.


A PETITION is being circulated among our citizens to raise the sum of $3,000 towards rebuilding the bridge across the Arkansas River. This is on condition that Bolton Township votes $2,000 next month, for the same purpose. Creswell Township is not able to vote any aid, and the City is not allowed, by law, to give anything, for any purpose, outside of the corporation, so that if the money is raised, it must come from the people here, who are subscribing very liberally.

It is to be hoped everyone will give something to make up the amount, and that Bolton will do her share. We hope to hear soon of the success of the movement, that a bridge may go up within the next 60 or 90 days.


There are about 200-1/4 sections of land in Bolton Township, counting fractions. The amount of bridge bonds asked for is $2,000. $2,000 at 10 percent interest for two years would be $400, making in all $2,400 to be paid in two years. A tax of $12 on each quarter section would be $2,400, and this is higher than the facts will warrant for, the interest would only run 18 months instead of two years. I. H. B.


Some papers in the Southwest are trying to make capital out of the fact that a charter was filed the first week in July, for a C. C., E. & S. R. R. The facts in the case are these. The charter for the original K. C., E. & S. R. R. Co., was filed in February, providing for a road from Kansas City, via Emporia and Eureka, to the south line of the State at, or near, Arkansas City. This charter and this company yet remain intact. The charter filed in July was for the purpose of building the branch through Sumner countyCnot included in the original charter. There has been no "bust up," no unpleasantness, no change of plansCexcept as to Sumner, all things are lovely, and goose hangs altitudilum. It don't look so bad after all, does it boys?

Augusta Gazette.




I have a fine double-barreled, Damascus steel shot gun, for sale or trade cheap.



FOR SALE. A new or old double seated spring wagon, just what everyone needs on a farm or for light work. W. H. WALKER.


LIME. I have a large kiln of fresh lime burned. W. H. Moore, 22 miles southeast of Arkansas City, Kansas.




A Narrow Gauge road from El Dorado to Arkansas City is the latest sensation in town. Eldorado Times.

Milton is the name of the new railroad station near the county line between Butler and Marion. A town is being laid out on the A. T. & S. F. lands at the above point.


Patents on all lands entered at the Wichita land office prior to April 1st, 1874, are now ready for distribution to property owners. Parties interested had better get them and have them recorded at once.




From Samuel Scott, of Vernon Township, we learn that a whirlwind-tornado passed from southeast to northwest through the northwest part of VernonTownship, about two miles from the Arkansas River on Tuesday night about 9 o'clock. It appears to have struck the ground and then risen for a distance and then descended again at intervals of about a mile apart. The house of James Dale was utterly demolished, as also the house of Mr. Worthington, and one other house whose owner we have not learned. There were six inmates in the house of Mr. Dale at the time, and their escape from serious injury is remarkable. Crops, fences, and stock were destroyed and seriously tossed about in every locality struck by the cyclone. An idea of the force may be obtained from the fact that a wagon containing a barrel of water stood at Mr. Dale's residence, and it was torn to pieces and the front wheels with a broken wagon tongue were found about 300 yards from the house, but the remainder of the wagon had not been found on Wednesday, though diligent search had been made therefore.

LATER. The residence of James Paul, one mile east of Oxford, was twisted in two, the top story being carried away and a large amount of bedding and wearing apparel belonging to Mrs. Paul carried with it, of which no trace can be found.

A house belonging to R. B. Wait, on the farm near the Bartlow place, was also carried from the foundation entirely and thrown southwest and turned entirely towards the storm. Corn was twisted out of the ground wherever the monster struck the earth. The noise of the tempest is said to have been appalling.





Hayes & Brothers, of Wichita, have bought from Mr. Stotler, of Redbud, Cowley County, 11,000 pounds of wool, clipped from Mr. Stotler's flock of 1,400 sheep.






Up to May 1, 1877, conductors received $100 to $120 per month. May 1, 1877, they were reduced to $75 per month and no allowance made for extra time.

On Jan. 1, 1877, engineers made a special contract for $3.50 per 100 miles run on passenger and $3.75 per 100 miles run on freight trains. Firemen contracted $1.75 per 100 miles for passenger and $2.05 and $2.10 per 100 miles for freight trains. Brakemen received up to May 1st, $1.80 to $1.99 and $2.00 per day, but were on that date reduced to $45 per month and no allowance for extra time. They claimed that they were made to work more than 30 days of 10 hours each and then got but $45. Trackmen got $1 per day. A general reduction of 5 percent was to take place August 1st.




The Republican County Central Committee met at Winfield last Saturday and elected T. K. Johnson, Chairman, to fill the vacancy occasioned by A. M. Jarvis' removal from the county.


THE BRIDGES. Work on the pier of the Walnut River bridge has been going steadily on for the past week. Mr. Buzzi has the contract and is doing good work. Stones two feet wide by four feet long and one foot thick are frequently put in the pier. The abutment on the east bank is also being rebuilt, and both piers being rip-rapped and built four feet higher. Mr. Gooch is overseeing the work during Mr. Newman's absence.

In the matter of the Arkansas River bridge, an election has been called by the officers of Bolton Township to vote on the proposition to issue $2,600 payable in two years, for its immediate construction, and a petition circulated in this place which shows several hundred dollars subscribed. Creswell Township cannot, by law, vote the aid required of it for its proportion (two thirds) of the construction of the bridge, owing to previous indebtedness, but many of the citizens have assured the people of Bolton that the balance needed ($3,000) would be raised. The whole amount of each township would then erect an iron span reaching to the three wooden spans on the south side of the river. If the bonds are defeated on the 18th day of August in Bolton Township, the matter will then have to rest for the present. A ferry is used for crossing this river west of town, charging a toll of five cents each for footmen or horsemen, and ten cents each for teams, for the round trip. After sunset twenty-five cents each trip is charged.






The Farmers' Heart Gladdens and a New Dawn of Prosperity Overshadows the Land.

Last week Mr. E. P. Bancroft, representing the Kansas City, Emporia, & Southern railway, by invitation from a number of Winfield's best citizens, came to this county for the purpose of adjusting differences and submit to the people of the county a proposition to build a narrow gauge road from Kansas City, Mo., to the State line near this place. Bonds have been voted along the entire line of the road from Emporia, south, except in one or two townships in Butler County, where the proposition is now pending. In two townships east of Emporia on the line to Kansas City aid has also been rendered. This virtually makes the road a surety and it will be built. The proposition is to build within two years from August 1, 1877, a railroad from Kansas City to the south line of this county for $120,000 in bonds, drawing eight percent interest, and payable in thirty years. The bonds are to be left in the hands of the County Commissioners and not to be issued until the road is built and trains running.

Talked about depot at Winfield by April 1, 1879; depot at Arkansas City by May 1, 1879.

After the matter had been arranged at Winfield, a committee composed of Mr. Millington, Mr. Reed, and Mr. Frank Williams, accompanied Mr. Bancroft to Arkansas City, where the matter was generally discussed in a public meeting, and afterwards agreed upon by members of the committee appointed at this meeting.




"Big Injun, me!" A number of Cheyenne and Arrapahoe Indians, headed by "Little Robe," and accompanied by some under chiefs, came up from the Territory last week for supplies for the Agencies. Col. Miles, having recommended the feasibility of the Indians hauling their own supplies if furnished by the Government with teams, this is the first attempt at a practical demonstration. These Indians have not forgotten their old friend and trader, William Griffen-stein, of our city. As soon as they reached the city, they flocked to his residence with presents, among which were ten fine buffalo robes and a large bear robe. During their stay they made many purchases, noticeably 15 or 20 baby dolls of G. H. Herrington. They were delighted with the dolls ornamented with real hair, and would have no other kind. Nearly everyone of their forty teams were furnished with a new wagon and new set of harness before they left. Wichita Eagle.




The Indian war in Oregon and California is still active, but Gen. Howard in command of the U. S. troops is pursuing the Indians under Joseph and White Bird, and hopes to soon strike a blow which will make them sue for peace.




The corn is an assured thing.

A very heavy rain fell last Monday night.

Hon. C. R. Mitchell will visit Iowa soon for a few days on legal business.

The parties wrecked in the Shawkaska saved themselves from drowning by wading ashore.

CHARLES COOMBS, one of the employees of this office, expects to leave to attend school at Lewiston, Maine, this month.

DRURY LOGAN, who was lost in the Territory, has returned. He followed a deer's track until night and then walked home.

DIPHTHERIA among hogs has manifested itself in this vicinity. Geo. Whitney lost one hog last week. They seem to choke to death.

SALT CITY will have a drug store within the next ten days. It will be added to A. W. Berkey's stock of goods. It has been long needed.

MR. SHENNEMAN, a gentleman will known in this county, made us a call last week. He is a candidate for Sheriff, and favors the narrow gauge.

MR. MILLINGTON, of Winfield, will assume control of the Courier in about two weeks. It is promised that it will no longer be a journal to further personal interests.

Those horses and mules announced last week near Mr. Parvin's did not reach their destination until today, on account of some parties promising to meet the herd while on Bitter creek.


The advertisement of the furniture store and auction room appears this week. Mr. Chamberlain has a good stock of all kinds of parlor and kitchen furniture, and sells them reasonable. You can buy a coffin of him on thirty days' time. A coffin is a convenient thing sometimes to have around. We once knew a man who purchased a coffin and paid for its labor, and it lasted him seven years before he used it. It was not dead stock on his hands either, for he used it as a wardrobe in the daytime and slept in it at night. Besides furniture, Mr. Chamberlain has an auction every Saturday afternoon. If you have anything to sell, bring it in; or if you have any loafing time, go up to his room on Saturday and hear him talk.



Having purchased the interest of L. McLaughlin in the furniture store, I now offer for sale all kinds of furniture at railroad prices.

Coffins, Caskets & Burial Cases

constantly on hand and furnished on short notice, and 30 days' time given when required. An auction sale is held every Saturday afternoon. Parties having household furniture, farming implements, machines, or stock, can have them sold on reasonable terms.




The Sheriff of Appanoose County, Iowa, writes A. W. Patterson that it is an old trick of Marrihue's to escape officers, and that if Pat. gets hold of him again, to "freeze on to him like grim death to a dying nigger." He also states that he "caught his preacher out in Colorado." The preacher spoken of borrowed some money and a horse without the consent of the owner, and forgot to bring them back. He would not have taken the money, only it was right there, and he picked up a rope and did not notice a horse was on the end of it until he was some distance away. Marrihue, spoken of, went by the name of Scott in this vicinity, and lived on a claim in Sumner County with his "sister."


MARRIED. MR. WILL BERKEY and MISS BESSIE REEVES were married last week at Salt City, in the presence of several persons from this place and a number from the adjoining neighborhood. The fair bride did not forget the hungry printers during the feast of plenty, but sent in a supply of good things calculated to make the inner man happy.


SHOOTING SCRAPE. We learn that the blacksmith at Salt City and Wm. Berkey came very near having a shooting scrape last week. The blacksmith becomes very quarrelsome when he is intoxicated and has attempted to pick a quarrel with Mr. Berkey on several occasions, during which he has not only threatened his life, but said "he would shoot the first Berkey he could get his eyes on." That's pretty strong language in a country like this, especially when it is made against a peaceable citizen.


OFF THE FERRY. A stranger drove on the ferry boat last week with a wagon and a woman sitting in the bottom of it. He had heard that the boat only went halfway across the river bed, and when the boat stopped in the middle of the stream a minute, he drove off. The horses went down almost out of sight, and the wagon sank until the woman's head was all that was out of water. She sat calmly in the bottom, however, until she reached the shore. It is hardly worthwhile to add she got wet.


Much sickness is brought on in many cases for want of pure water. Don't drink from the creeks if you can get water from a spring or well. Water that remains overnight in a sleeping room is apt to be impure. A scrap of sheet iron dropped in the bottom of the vessel will help to keep water pure.


RUNAWAY. Monday afternoon while Mrs. Mowry, little Charlie Milks, and Theodore, the darkey, were riding in a wagon with Milks' team attached, the horses took fright at the parasol and ran around Benedict's corner, upsetting the wagon box and throwing the passengers to the ground. Mrs. Mowry was considerably jarred, but the other two were but slightly injured. It was a narrow escape and might have been very serious.


MR. NEWMAN and HAYWOOD have been at Lawrence, looking after the letting of Indian contracts. We have not yet learned if they secured the award, but hope it will be let to someone that will buy the wheat in Cowley County. This year will be a risky one for wheat speculators. If the war continues in Europe, wheat will be high priced; if the war lags or ceases, it will be moderate. Parties bidding should figure on large margins.




The Sheriff of Deadwood has appealed to Governor Pennington, of Dacotah, for aid, saying that the Sioux Indians are massacreing miners through the Black Hills. The Governor could render no aid, but has authorized the Sheriff to organize two companies of militia, and telegraph Gen. Crook and the President for troops, which had gone east to quell the riots.




BE IT ORDAINED by the Mayor and Councilmen of the City of Arkansas City:

Sec. 1. That a tax of eight (8) mills on the dollar for general revenue purposes be levied and collected for the year A. D. 1877, on all the real, mixed, and personal property within the limits of the City of Arkansas City, taxable according to the laws of the State of Kansas.

Sec. 2. That the above ordinance No. fifty-seven (57) be in force on and after its publication once in the Arkansas City TRAVELER.

H. D. KELLOGG, Mayor.

I. H. BONSALL, City Clerk.




Sealed proposals will be received at Salt City, Sumner County, Kansas, until August 15th, 1877, for the erection of a stone schoolhouse in School District No. 79, Bolton Township, Cowley County, KAS. Plan and specification can be seen at the TRAVELER office in Arkansas City, and at the residence of W. E. Chenoweth, in the above named District. The board reserve the right to reject any or all bids. Bidders are requested to be present at the opening of the bids at 2 o'clock p.m. of August 15, 1877. Job to be paid for in cash when completed according to specifications.

A. M. SHURTZ, Director,


O. J. PALMER, Treasurer.

School District No. 79, Cowley Co., Kans.




San Francisco, Aug. 4. A press dispatch from Lewiston, Aug. 1st, says yesterday Indian Joe and his family, who have been with the people at Slate creek all through the Indian troubles, and proved true and faithful to the whites, returned from Kamiah, where he had been sent to ascertain the movements of the hostiles. His squaw says the Indians at Kamiah told they were going across the mountains by the Lolo trail with stock and families, and when they got them in a secure place, they would return and help fight the Indians.

She also states that before leaving Kamiah, they went to the friendly Indians camp and drove off all the young squaws, beat them with clubs, and forced them along like so many cattle. They also came back and robbed them of everything they could find and all their horses of any value. It is further stated that the hostiles are to be reinforced by other Indians from the other side of the mountains when they return.

Her statements are considered reliable by those who have known her. This morning Lieut. Wilmot, with 30 men, started to go across the Salmon River to ascertain if any hostiles remain there, it having been reported for several days that a few had been seen in that direction. The object is to hunt them out and destroy all supplies.

It is now believed by old acquaintances of Joseph that he will put away in safety his stores and extra horses, and return to Comas prairie, and returning by Elk City and Piete trails, which are much more easily traveled than Lolo. This trip can, with forced marches, be made in seven days. He has asserted his determination to burn the grain on Comas prairie and then arrange his plans to go to Wallowa, and the opinion is prevalent that he will attempt it.





[Boston Herald.]

Peanuts, or, as they are popularly known in the South, ground-nuts or goobers, grow in the ground, on the roots of the plant, exactly like potatoes. The stalk and leaves of the plant somewhat resembles clover, and to get the nuts when ripe, the plants are pulled out of the ground, the nuts adhering firmly to the roots. The greatest trouble with the ground-nuts is in picking them, which has to be done by hand, no machine having yet been invented to do the work, though it would seem as if such a machine in the shape of a coarse comb, might be easily invented. But labor is cheap in the places where they are grown, which are in the light sandy soils of Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina in this country.

Peanuts are also largely grown in Africa, India, Brazil, and other places. The best are raised in the valley of the Gambia, in Africa, and yield large quantities of oil. This product, when properly produced, is esteemed equal to olive oil; but it is also used in woolen manufactures, in soap making, in lamps, and for lubricating machinery. Last year the crop in the United States was as follows: Tennessee, 235,000 bushels; Virginia, 450,000 bushels; North Carolina, 100,000.

The imports from Africa last year were 846,000 bushels, of which Boston imported 38,000 and New York 23,000. The average of the new crop this year is somewhat larger than that of last year, and the yield promises well, the nut being generally better filled and matured than for the past two years, and of finer quality.

The past year was marked by fewer changes than any former one; by a moderate but steady consumptive demand; by an absence of speculation, and by the small proportion of choice white nuts. Tennessee peanuts are put up in burlap bags of four or five bushels capacity, and are sold by the pound, the grades being respectively inferior, prime, choice, and fancy. The crop year begins October 1st and ends September 30th of the ensuing year. The new crop will come forward under very favorable auspices. The previous crop having been well sold up, stocks are light in the hands of commission merchants and dealers.




DIED. On Saturday morning, August 4, 1877, Robert T., only child of Wm. M. and Annie J. Allison: aged one month and twenty days.

We sympathize with our contemporary in his bereavement.


The Courier, of last week, comes out denouncing the action of the Republican Central Committee, of this county, for electing T. K. Johnson chairman of the Committee, and says it was a trick and a high handed outrage. If we were not aware that a personal quarrel existed between the present editor of the Courier and Mr. Johnson, we might give the matter further consideration, but knowing the truth of the matter, we can say it is an attempt of one man to make a party quarrel of his personal grievances. We repeat what we have many times said before, that this man cares nothing for the Republican party when it does not further his individual interests. He says "it was understood by the Committee that Mr. Chas. Eagin should be named as its chairman." ARTICLE GOES ON FURTHER...ONE CAN TELL THAT SCOTT IS BERATING E. C. MANNING AGAIN!


SCHOOL MEETING. A meeting of citizens congregated at the schoolhouse last Thursday afternoon, for the purpose of hearing the report of the school officers for the year past, and to make a levy for the support of the school the coming year. Dr. Kellogg, by virtue of his office, was legally Chairman, and T. H. McLaughlin, Secretary.

A resolution was then introduced condemning the School Board for making a change of school books, which was afterwards withdrawn.

A resolution was then carried instructing the Board not to employ any teacher as principal of the school unless he had a first class certificate, which called forth considerable discussion and personal remarks, ending in a very unpleasant wrangle.

The action of many people against the School Board reminds us of a story of an old man, his son, and a mule going to town one fine summer's day. The boy was riding the mule when they met a stranger, who shamed the boy for riding and causing his poor old father to walk. The boy then got off and let the father ride until another person was met, who growled at the old man for making his little boy walk. The old man and the boy both got on the animal then and rode in comfort until they met another man, who complained of the cruelty to the mule, remarking they should carry the animal rather than the animal should carry them. Their sympathies were excited and they bound the feet of the mule, put it across a pole, and were carrying it over a bridge, when the mule kicked and plunged and finally fell into the river and was drowned. Moral: In trying to please everyone, they damaged themselves and lost the mule.

There seems to be a disposition on the part of many to find fault with every teacher the schools have had at this place and with every member of the School Board. This disposition is growing every year. About a year ago a meeting was held that was a shame to the community, and the one the other day was little better than a row.

If the spirit manifested last Thursday continues, the result will eventually be no school at all. Many persons who complain have never visited the schools at all, and apparently take but little interest in anything but opposing the Board and teachers. If parents would visit the schools more frequently and make an effort to help the jurors and the members of the Board, there would be less dissatisfaction, and the schools would prosper far better.



Bids for supplies for the Indians were opened at the Central Superintendency, Monday and contracts were awarded as follows.


Berry Bros. & Finney, Arkansas City, 2,700 bushels corn, 58 cents.

A. A. Newman, of Arkansas City, Kansas, 130,000 pounds at Pawnee Agency, Indian Territory, $3.15; 40,000 pounds at Kaw Agency, Indian Territory, $2.40.

Lawrence Journal.




HENRY PRUDEN purchased Joseph Hoyt's large bay team.

MR. CURRY lost a fine, large horse, last week, from snake bite.

The Walnut river was full from bank to bank again last week.

C. R. MITCHELL is now at Atsoka, Ill. He will return in two weeks.

The number of locomotives destroyed at the Pittsburgh riot was 102, and of freight cars 1,000.

MRS. GEORGE PLUMB, of Emporia, is visiting her parents, Mr. and Mrs. F. A. Cowles, near this place.

The M. E. church at Winfield was dedicated last Sunday. $2,500 was subscribed during the day to pay for its completion.


Notice the change in James Wilson's advertisement of dry goods, dress goods, and notions. He offers special inducements for everyone.


This is the New Cheap Store that is so much talked about in this and Sumner County. Our small expenses enable us to sell CHEAP. The saving in the store Rent alone Pays More than the Freight; so that we guarantee to sell Our Goods as Low as any House West of the Mississippi River.

We keep only the BEST KIND OF GOODS, buy them in New York, and Sell for Cash.

Mrs. A. Wilson,

Dealer in Dry Goods, Read-Made Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Caps, and Fancy Goods Generally.

Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas.


CITY HOTEL. CHAS. S. THOMAS, of Winfield, at the City Hotel, extends a general invitation for all to give him a call. Try him.

REV. FLEMING returned last Saturday after an absence of three weeks visiting Solomon City.


The election to vote on the proposition of the K. C., E. & S. railway proposition has been called for Sept. 18th. All who have the prosperity of Cowley County at heart will vote for the proposition.


The Vinita Herald, formerly Indian Herald, published at Osage Agency, says: Mrs. J. N. Florer, Mrs. J. L. Stubbs, Mrs. J. E. Finney, and others were thrown from a carriage last week.


GEORGE BEAVER, an Osage chief, sold a pony in Kansas the other day for $40 (and took part of his pay in whiskey). For the same pony he refused $60 in this place but a few days before.

Vinita Herald.



A slight change in the proprietorship of the Oxford Independent took place last week. J. L. Abbot purchased the interest of Mr. J. D. Kelly in the office, and will continue the publication as heretofore.


When you go to Winfield, stop at the Central Hotel. Major & Vance, proprietors, are hospitable gentlemen and know how to treat a fellow when they catch him away from home. Independent.


Apples, peaches, grapes, watermelons, and muskmelons for sale on the streets Monday. Peaches $1.25 per bushel, apples $2., grapes ten cents per pound, and melons ten to twenty cents each.


WILD PONIES. Pres. Walker and the editor made a purchase of thirteen wild Texan ponies last week, that never had a hand on them before they were caught in the corral back of the livery stable on Wednesday last. A large crowd gathered to see them caught, and as the lasso was thrown and a horse jerked on its back, yell after yell rent the air and the crowd gathered more and more, until the fence was lined with men and boys, and the back windows of business and private houses full of heads, with some even to the roof of the stable. It was wonderful to see the dexterity with which the Mexicans threw their lassos, and with what power they held the horses after caught. Once down the rope halter or "hackamo" was made in a few moments, placed on the head, and the frightened animal tied to a post. The animals reared and plunged until they became exhausted and conquered. They are not as a general rule vicious animals, and are soon tamed after the first fright is over. Two of them were placed in harness after a day's handling, and worked like old horses. Another was ridden without difficulty after being tied to a post a short time. Those who witnessed the catching of the animals declared it was as good as any circus they ever saw, but it was terrible cruel to the horses. The sight of so many men made the wild beasts frantic and they pulled and beat their heads far more than they would if caught on the prairie and led in. One fine gray mare pulled and fought so hard that she gave up and died the day following.


THE M. E. CHURCH. Rev. McCabe, of Chicago, and Rev. Kirby, of Wichita, made this place a visit Sunday evening for the purpose of preaching to the people and to raise $250 to complete the erection of the new brick church now almost finished.

The announcement was made previously that Rev. McCabe would preach, but in his place Rev. Kirby delivered the sermon, which was short, decisive, and well delivered. His sermon was one that almost any would have delighted to hear and full of information.

After many appeals $206 was raised. Some of it, however, was to be paid by hauling, some in work, and others in fruit trees, photographs, hogs, and hominy. From the amount of hogs subscribed, one would think the M. E. Society intended to engage in the stock business, but we believe they will endeavor to sell what they have for cash. The effort to have a church is surely commendable, although the means of obtaining the funds is at times laughable.


DURING the solicitation for monies, hauling, hogs, trees, photographs, and horses at the church Sunday evening, one man was heard to remark: "I'm but a stranger here," and then he added, "Heaven is my home, and I wish I was there now."


ONE of our worthy citizens was being urged by the eloquent Chaplain McCabe to give somewhat of his substance towards so praiseworthy an object; a respectful, but very decided shake of the head was not enough to rebuff the Reverend gentleman, who continued to expatiate on the christian grace of giving; and at length Rev. McCabe asked him: "Are you a Methodist?" "No." "Are you a Presbyterian?" "No." "What are you then?" The "worthy citizen" looked quietly up into the Chaplain's pleasant face and with a roguish look in his eye, said: "I am a harness maker."


FOR SHERIFF. The announcement of Leon Lippmann appears this week, declaring himself a candidate for Sheriff of Cowley County, subject to the decision of the Republican County Nominating Convention. Mr. Lippmann is an old resident of this county, and has many friends who will be glad of an opportunity to vote for him. A few years ago he came within three votes of receiving the nomination.


NEW MAIL ROUTE. A new mail route has been established between Eureka and this place, by the way of Grouse Creek post office, Lazette, Dexter, and Cabin Valley. Service to begin at once, and mail to be carried once a week; arriving at and leaving Arkansas City on Wednesday. It will give us communication with post offices that heretofore were difficult to reach.


CANDIDATE FOR SHERIFF. In another column is the announcement of S. W. Chase, of Tisdale Township, for the office of Sheriff of Cowley County. We like the manner of Mr. Chase in coming boldly forward to let the people know he is a candidate in time for them to learn who he is and all about him. He has a good reputation, is perfectly capable, and is not afraid to let everyone know it.


There are two parties living near this place by the names of Drake and Duck. Letters for either of them are placed in the "D." box, in the post office, and it requires some watching to see that Drake does not get Duck's mail. It would not be the first instance of a Drake getting a Duck's property, however.


That black eye of Wyard Gooch's was caused by a too sudden descent from an animated animal of Texan origin, to the earth's surface. Before he came down, he took a bird's eye view of the surroundings, and reports the air quite cool in the second current above the earth.


MR. WARE, of this place, was one of the lucky ones who drew a girl in the Kansas City Times's lottery. He don't know what to do with her now that he has her. Better trade her off for town lots or wild ponies.


FERRY TICKETS are sold at I. H. Bonsall's office. Single crossing on horseback two and one-half cents. Single crossing with wagon five cents. With four-horse team, ten cents. After sunset twenty-five cents.


Two half breeds of Osage Agency by the names of Kennedy and Shote, got into a quarrel about the delivery of 150 bushels of wheat, and resulted in Kennedy shooting and wounding Shote. Kennedy has been ordered to leave the Nation.


The house built by Mr. Chamberlain on Central Avenue, some years ago, has been moved to Summit street, between Kager's and Al. Horn's buildings. Mr. Welch had the contract for moving it. It is to be rented for a saloon by some parties now in Wichita.


The dedication of the M. E. Church at Winfield was largely attended by parties from Wichita and all parts of Cowley County. Many citizens from this place were in attendance. $2,500 was subscribed during the day, and two subscriptions were refused after the amount was raised because they were not needed.


INDIAN CONTRACTS. It will be seen by an article copied from the Lawrence Journal, that Berry Brothers & Finney, of this place have been awarded the contract for furnishing 2,700 bushels of corn, and A. A. Newman 130,000 pounds of flour, to be furnished at Pawnee Agency, and 40,000 pounds of flour at Kaw Agency.


The Normal Institute at Winfield will close on Wednesday, the 29th inst. An examination of applicants for teacher's certificates will be held on Thursday and Friday, Aug. 30th and 31st. Prof. Kellogg, of Emporia, R. C. Story, George W. Robinson, Miss Ela Wickersham are conducting the Normal, assisted by G. H. Buckman in instructions in vocal music.





Winfield may more appropriately be called "the hub" since she has two daily mails. The first connection of mail between this place and the El Dorado branch road was made last Monday. Sso Winfield now has two daily arrivals and departures of stage coaches.

The phase of railroad matters was completely changed in the last few weeks, say since the township bonds were defeated in Beaver.

The leading railroad builders of Winfield are now the most zealous workers for the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad project, while only a short time ago, they were the bitterest enemy the North and South road had. Winfield has concluded she had rather be a common station on the road than not be a station at all. We are glad Winfield and the "Sand Hills" have once more buried the hatchet, and hope it may prove permanently buried. So much for railroad matters.

Next in order is the Normal School, which convened Aug. 1st, with Prof. L. B. Kellogg, of Emporia, as Principal, you know. The school is composed of seventy-one students, fifty-four of which are ladies and seventeen gentlemen. Prof. Kellogg is assisted by Prof. Geo. H. Robinson, who conducts the grammar class, G. W. Buckman, who conducts the class in vocal music, Miss Wickersham, who conducts the geography recitation, and Superintendent Story. The managers of the school have shown unequaled skill in their respective branches and have gained the confidence and good wishes of every member of the school. Mr. Kellogg and Mr. Robinson deserve especial commendation for their services rendered the school. Mr. Buckman is also doing a good work in vocal music. Mr. Buckman is a thorough musician, and will undoubtedly advance the cause of music in our district schools.

I would suggest District Officers, who desire to employ teachers, to visit the Normal and select from the whole school such teachers as they think would best suit their respective schools. More anon. C. C. H.





I hereby announce myself as a candidate for the office of Sheriff of Cowley County, subject to the decision of the Republican Nominating Convention, the action of which I expect to cheerfully abide by. LEON LIPPMANN.



I hereby announce myself a candidate for Sheriff, subject to the decision of the Republican County Convention. S. W. CHASE.



CHAS. S. THOMAS, Prop'r.

This house is thoroughly first-class in all its appointments. Good sample rooms, and especial accommodations for traveling men.

TermsC$1.00 per day. Liberal arrangements made with regular boarders.

Live Stock Bought and Sold.


I WILL SELL fifteen yards of best standard prints for one dollar, and twelve yards of Merrimac for the same.



LAST CALL. Persons due P. H. Woodard are notified that their accounts will be sued upon as work and labor debts unless settled at once. BERRY BROS. Consignees.


GRAPES. Anyone wanting grapes can get them by the pound or hundred pounds by leaving orders at R. A. Houghton's grocery store, or by calling on me at the Max Fawcett farm.





The following are the teachers attending the Cowley County Normal.

Winfield. Misses Ella C. Davis, Mary Pontious, Fannie Pontious, Minca C. Johnson, Alice Pyburn, Lusetta Pyburn, Mattie E. Minihan, Lissie Summers, Mattie E. Walters, Rachel E. Nauman, Allie Klingman, Alice A. Aldrich, Genie Holmes, Ella E. Scott, Ella Hunt, Ella Wickersham, Emma Saint, Molly Bryant, Ella Freeland, Maggie Stansburry, Amy Robertson, Lizzie Kinne, Sarah Hodges, Hennie Hane, Sallie Levering, Effie Randall, Sarah E. Davis, Ina Daniels; Messrs. O. S. Record, Frank Starwalt, M. H. Marcum, J. D. Hunt, J. A. Rupp, C. C. Holland, J. B. Freeland, N. N. Winton, A. B. Taylor.

Arkansas City. Misses Lizzie Landis, Mattie F. Mitchell, Ella Grimes, Albertine Maxwell, Belle Birdzell, Flora Finley, Kate Hawkins, Stella Burnett, Mary A. Pickett, Tillie Kennedy, Anna O. Wright; Messrs. B. F. Maricle, E. R. Thompson, J. F. Hess.

Dexter. Misses Alpha Hardin, Viola Hardin, Sarah J. Hoyt; Rettie Lanis; Mr. T. J. Bood.

Tisdale. Misses Gertrude Davis, Sarah Davis.

Cedarvale. Miss Martha Thompson; Mr. S. T. Beckett.

Oxford. Miss Veva Walton.

New Salem. Miss Sallie Bovee.

Red Bud. Mrs. Belle Seibert; Mr. H. S. Bash.

Lazette. Miss Kate Fitzgerald.




The New Commissioner Districts.

Some townships having been created since the last division of this county into commissioner districts, it became necessary to re-district the county, which the commissioners proceeded to do at their last session, as follows. At the next election, district number one elects a commissioner to serve for one year, district number two for two years, and district number three for three years.

District No. 1. Winfield, population, 1,444; Rock, 737; Maple, 408; Nenescah, 341; Vernon, 593, Beaver, 477. Total: 4,000.

District No. 2. Bolton, population, 731; Creswell, 1,052; Pleasant Valley, 435; Liberty, 425; Silverdale, 405; Spring Creek, 223; Cedar, 275; Otter, 527. Total: 4,071.

District No. 3. Dexter, population, 616; Tisdale, 503; Sheridan, 373; Windsor, ___; Silver Creek, 338; Richland, 710; Omnia, 188; Harvey, 341. Total: 3,651.







Scalp Raising.


Dr. W. McKay Dougan:

I found so much work awaiting me here, that it has been impossible to fulfill my promise sooner. However, the facts connected with the meeting of Alexander, Broome, and Walton, with a party of Osages, on Gray Horse Creek, June 19th, are as follows.

Upon approaching the creek, they were startled by yells and running horses from the rear, and were at once surrounded by a dozen Indians, who were mounted, armed, and painted.

They produced a trade dollar of Dunlap & Florer's, and from signs made the whites understood that they wanted to trade it for hair. It was thought best to comply, under the circumstances, and Harry Broome, for and in consideration of the dollar check, allowed them to cut from his head a lock of hair.

The Indians were now satisfied and left while the whites crossed the creek and stopped for dinner. While in camp they discovered an Indian on a bluff in the distance, who seemed to be signaling someone on the opposite side of the stream, and as they were about resuming their journey, they were again approached by Indians; this time three in number. This party was unarmed, and one of the number spoke tolerable good English. They were talkative and said a large party of Osages were mourning the death of a chief. They also stated that they were poor and had no money, but that they, too, wanted some hair, so that they could have a dance that evening. Broome was asked to furnish the article.

They objected to Alexander's hair upon the ground that it bore too close a resemblance to the hair of the horse and Walton was in no trouble as his hair was too short to admit of a close cut. I have written a faithful account of the affair as detailed to me by one of the party, in whose word I place implicit confidence.

Very cordially,



Indians have sins enough of their own to answer for without being with those committed by the whites. The border white man, or plainsman, knows better than to receive money from Indians as an excuse for supplying them with hair and getting an opportunity to make impressions that are both false and damaging.

On his return to Pawnee, Harry Broome stated that he had been scalped by a mourning party of Osages, and then to put it beyond question, he exhibited the localities which had been shorn in accordance with his own will, at his own instance, for pay, and also for the vile purpose of setting a mark of disgrace upon the very people whose friendship he covets.

Old Mrs. Gossip was among the first to see how the young man's head had been skinned, and heard him say (as she went off into an hysterical tantrum) that it was done by a murderous band of mourning Osages, and the world was then on wheels. Broome went to Canaville, Kansas, and made a similar statement of his hairbreadth escape from death at the hands of Indians on the war path. Old men who had been neighbors with Indians for half a century, and must soon go to their graves, leaving behind them no prospect of sensational inscriptions for their funeral monuments, felt aggrieved to think that the obscurity of their lives had been the decree of fate; yet, everybody pitied poor Broome, and were full of doubt and curiosity as to how he felt as he set under the scalping knife of a wild Osage.

And as we have seen him passing each week, carrying the U. S. mail over the same route, nobody knows how we have wished we could have been brave and distinguished like him. We have admired the manner in which people approach and address him; we have courted and even stared at him until now, Stacy Matlack, the Pawnee (Indian) trader, says that Broome sold his hair to the Indians, and we learn that he was never scalped at all!

Two or three times a year we read of brutal murders and robberies of white settlers on the frontier by the Indians. And until the present Indian policy is perfected (instead of being abolished) and a provision is made for the care of the reckless whites, will the loss of life and the destruction of property in the future as in the past occasionally be cut. In nature prone to evil the hot blood of overbearing whites will continue to boil over in the way long familiar to the Indians.

Whites have taken but little pains to instill into the hearts of the Indians a feeling of confidence, but on the contrary, they have always tried to perpetuate the feeling of bitterness and distrust that exists between the two races.

There are now about two hundred and fifty thousand Indians in the territory of the United States, and they know and keenly feel their inability to cope with a nation numbering more than forty millions in the struggle for existence.

This emboldens bad white men to the commission of murder, treachery, and theft upon the persons and property of Indians. How then can it be wondered at that they do sometimes retaliate? They are not, today, accountable for the many blood conflicts that grew out of encroachment upon the rights of their ancestors by whites in years long gone by; nor are they answerable for the insatiable desire of the whites to pervert their innocent, devout, and ancient ceremonies into acts of bloodshed and rapine.

Vinita Herald.





The election in district sixty-two passed off quietly. We did not hear of any betting on the result.

4 p.m.: The returning board have counted in the new officials at this time. A gentleman came up to the schoolhouse and said he was going to "bust" the election. I was at the polls until about sundown, but did not see any "bustin'."

6 p.m.: Everything quiet; the police cleared the streets of all disorderly characters. All is well. Another election has passed, and the nation is safe.

In the political horizon objects can be seen flitting aboutCdimly at firstCbut seen distinctly after looking the matter up a little. We have heard of 900CI meant nineCcandidates for sheriff. Caesar! If they all receive a tie vote, what a time the commissioners will have.

Politicians are (some of them) brilliant, profound, far-seeingCeverything but honest. It is strange that a man cannot obtain an office without being "pumped," and without having a few "feelers" thrown out to see if he is the "right stripe" to be allowed on the inside track.

But I did not intend for this to be a political letter, so I will lay the dirty thing down for awhile, to pick up at another time; for I think that "He who fights and runs away, will live to fight another day." For that reason I will resume in the near future, and because I think too that politics can be made as clean a thing as anything else, by discarding all those slimy, tricky, shystering "bats," who make politics a setting cesspot of corruption.

I am going on the war path this fall. They had better "look a leetle oud." I have my tomahawk, spear, hatchet, and bow; I will purge the threshing floor of its chaff. Let them beware. I will close by saying I am after them.





Some papers in the Southwest are trying to make capital out of the fact that a charter was filed, the first week in July, for a K. C. E. & S. R. R. The facts in the case are these: The charter for the original K. C. E. & S. R. R. Co., was filed in February, providing for a road from Kansas City, via Emporia and Eureka to the South line of the State at, or near Arkansas City. This charter, and this company yet remain intact. The charter filed in July was for the purpose of building the branch through Sumner CountyCnot included in the original charter. There has been no "bust up," no unpleasantness, no change of plansCexcept as to Sumner, all things are lovely and the goose hangs altitudium. It don't look so bad after all, does it boys?

Wellington Democrat.




Comanches want a smoke with the Osages, and the Osages have invited them to their Agency.


Washington, Aug. 1. In accordance with a request of Gen. Crook that a delegation of Sioux be permitted to visit this city for the purpose of having an interview with the officers of the Interior Department, Commissioner Smith, today, after a consultation with Secretary Schurz telegraphed Gen. Crook, giving the required permission.


In the Black Hills greenbacks are worth eleven dollars more a hundred than gold dust.




E. C. Manning No Longer Courier Owner.

The proprietorship of the Winfield Courier changed from E. C. Manning to D. A. Millington, last week. Kelley retains a one-third interest, and the other two-thirds are owned by its present editor, Mr. Millington, and Mr. A. B. Lemmon. It is promised the paper shall be conducted in the interests of the Republican party and Cowley County generally, and shall not know or recognize any clique or faction. The Courier is a good paper, and all will delight to see it free from the personal abuse and quarrels heretofore characteristic of it.


Bolton Township Turns Down Bridge Repairs Cost.

The proposition to vote $2,000 to repair the bridge across the Arkansas by Bolton Township, was defeated by thirty-one votes, on last Saturday. The vote of East Bolton was 32 for the bonds and 7 against. West Bolton polled 7 for the bonds and 63 against.

There is some talk now of uniting a proposition with the railroad company to build a wagon bridge with the railroad bridge. For temporary purposes an apron or inclined platform could be attached to the remaining part of the bridge, that would save half the fording of the river and make it so that it could be crossed during high water.


An attempt is being made to beat Sumner County out of a railroad by means of an injunction. It won't work. If the injunction is granted, the people will vote the required and by double the former majority, and the road will be built just as sure as fate, and that speedily. The K. C., E. & S. R. R. will be the first road to reach that rich and prosperous county. Mark the prediction. Register.


The following named ministers were present, and took part in the dedication of the M. E. Church building, on Sabbath, at Winfield: Revs. Dr. Pomeroy, A. H. WalterCP. E.; H. J. Walker, Wellington; J. W. Stewart, Oxford; W. H. McCarney, Dexter; J. W. Long, Tisdale; J. P. Harsen, and Jno. Kirby, Wichita; J. E. Platter and P. Lahr, Winfield; J. E. Fox, Hutchinson; C. C. McCabe, D. D.; B. C. Swarts, Arkansas City; E. Nance, Maple City.





Old friendCI am truly pleased to hear from you, and to find that you are still in the land of the living. Your discovery of my whereabouts is somewhat romantic. I hardly supposed any of my old friends would find me out, away here on the border of the Indian Territory, the south line of the State; but it is hard for a man to get out of reach in this country, so that he cannot be found out, if he has done any deviltry (unless he is a Bender). I had lost sight of you entirely, not having been in Missouri since the war, and not much then except passing through.

But I am pleased to hear that yourself, wife, and family are all well as this leaves me and mine.

I am not as fortunate as you are, I have no boysCnever had a boyCnor none married, so that I have not even a son-in-law, nor de facto.

But to business. Doctor, I hardly know what to say, as I am not sufficiently informed of how you are situated or what kind of a location would suit you, etc. Whether you want to make stock raising the principal business or main idea, or only incidental to your practice, all that I can say is that in my judgment Cowley County is by nature and locality, one of the best counties in the State.

The crops are generally good. Wheat has for the past five or six years been the great crop, but for the last two years, it has not proved as abundant as formerly. This season and last has produced the most abundant corn crop. Oats this season have been extraordinarily good, last year they were a failure. But like all new countries, money is very scarce and times dull. Things go very slow, but this is the case in all strictly farming communities. Kansas is no exception to the rule. Our farmers are terribly in debt. This county, as you are doubtless aware, was formed out of a part of what was the OSAGE INDIAN RESERVE, and when opened to settlement, seven years ago, all the poor men, poor devils, and poor farmers in the land flocked in to take claims. The consequence was they had no money to pay for it when the land came into market. They had to borrow of the shylocks, who also smelt the carrion afar off, and came also to loan money at from thirty to sixty percent, per annum interest. This debt has never entirely been removed, although many changes have taken place. Old notes have been renewed, interest paid on it, but still there is the same old debt. Then our people run wild about agricultural implements and machinery. Every new thing that comes along that eases labor and can be bought on credit, they buy. This is another curse by way of indebtedness that hangs over our community, although it will prove a blessing to the great mass of consumers around us, but ruin to the few that are involved in buying.

I send you a little map of the county, so that you can see the location of the various towns, streams, etc., giving you much information that you wanted to know about. I also send you a copy of the TRAVELER, published in our town, that will give you much information. You had better send $1 and take it six months. It is a live paper for a village newspaper, gives you just such information as emigrants desire.

P. S. We are well supplied with M. D.'s. We have the scriptural numberCseven of themCand but little sickness, except the usual concomitant of the Western States, chills and fever. We have no malignant diseases in this locality.

If you think of locating in this part of Kansas, first come and see for yourself. We have no railroad at present nearer than sixty miles, but a good prospect for one from Kansas City, via Emporia, to this place, in the next twelve or eighteen months. The distance is now traversed by stage, dailyCfare $5. This is a fair country to look upon, and as good as it is fair. We have a delightful climate. Good society for a new countryC

much better than usual. People from every State in the Union, with the cream of her Majesty's subjects from Canada.

Our kind regards to all.

Your old friend,





The Indian War in the Northwest, which for some time has been smouldering, has broken out with fresh vigor. The telegraph reports one of the hardest Indian fights on record, which occurred on the 8th inst., in Northern Montana, between United States troops and citizen volunteers under Gen. Gibbon, and the Nez Perces, of whom they were in pursuit. The troops were not victorious. Gen. Gibbon was wounded, and Capt. Logan and Lieut. Bradley were killed. One-half of the command, it is thought, were either killed or wounded. The soldiers were cut off from their supplies, and lost all their horses, a howitzer, ammunition, etc. It is estimated that 100 Indians were killed during the fight, which lasted all day.




The Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad.

Now that the above road has become a fixed fact, and work is being pushed with all possible speed, it may be well to examine the influence this road will have upon this city and county.

We will premise by saying that this will be a PEOPLE'S ROAD. The company fully realize the fact that their best interests, and the interests of the communities through which the road runs, are identical. They do not build this road in order to make the largest amount possible out of its construction, but to own and control a well constructed, well equipped property, which can be operated at the minimum expense, and therefore be able to do the business of the country at a low rate and at the same time make money for themselves.

The construction and operation of this road from this city to the Southwest, will probably for a short time, interfere with some kinds of trade in this city, as the goods which are now sent out by wagon, will be taken by rail. But as soon as the Eastern end is completed, and connections made with Kansas City, then we shall realize the benefits which the friends of the enterprise have so long and so earnestly contended for.

The principal benefit to the county at large will be an immediate rise in the price of all products which are exported, by just the amount the freight on those exports is reduced. It will also proportionally decrease the costs of imports, which are be so largely consumed by the people of the county.

Indirectly the whole county will profit by the stimulation of production, by reason of its increased profit; and also by the large amount of new land, cultivated by new men, BECAUSE of its nearness to the best inland market in the State. . . .

In our opinion, it will turn the scale in favor of enduring prosperity for this whole community, and for the rich empire of the Southwest, whose energies have so long been repressed by reason of their isolated and independent position.

Bancroft's Emporia Register.




WINFIELD, KANSAS, August 18, 1877.


In looking over the last issue of the Courier, I am constrained to remark, "How art the mighty fallen." The columns of that paper teem with evidences of decay, and the editor thereof is evidently in a bad way. The once arrogant autocrat of the politics of Cowley County has degenerated into a sick "chicken," professing to be a great politician, and if we are to believe his own assurances, a very shrewd, if not an honest man. He is compelled at last to step down and out, not only from the editorship of that paper, but from his pretended leadership of the Republican party.

"Oh! what a fall" from an ambitious seeker after office (he having been defeated at every corner and turn made by him), he will step at once from his editorial sanctum and ambitious pretenses into the obscurity and privacy that will refuse to give him up, and from now henceforth his obnoxious and unsavory presence will be felt no more, and men will take his place as managers of that paper who, if they will, have the power to so conduct it that it will not as now be necessary to carry it out of our homes with a pair of tongs.

The Republicans of Winfield have long felt the need of a home paper devoted to their interests, and edited by men of character, who will scorn to use the columns of such a paper to perpetrate their quarrels and rascalities; a paper in fact, whose influence will be felt, and whose editorials will not smell so loud of corruption, venality, and rascality.

Will the new management raise above petty spite, and malice; and as honorable men, deal fairly with those in the party who dare to differ with them? If they will, they will build up a prosperous paper, and the coyote who has so long misrepresented, abused, and vilified some of the best men in the party, will sink into oblivion; no more to offend the public with his indecent presence.

With the advocate of railroads and immigration, will come good feeling and reconciliation among our people, and a better understanding among us will prevail, and the exhibition of petty spite and meanness so long evidenced by the Courier, will pass away and be forgotten along with their author.

Farewell, Manning. You have served the purposes of the Almighty, buzzard like, and we have no more use for you. Disgusting to your friends that were, contemptible in the sight of those whom you have tried in injure, obnoxious in the sight of respectable people. We haste with you with pleasure and will remember you only for your many petty meannesses.

"Et, tre Brute!"





Friend Scott:

The Northern Cheyennes, numbering about one thousand, arrived here on the third instant, from the Black Hills country. They have been on the road since the 29th of May. They say they are well satisfied with this country, and intend to stay.

General McKinzie relieved them of twenty ponies, which did not belong to them rightfully.

Everything is quiet as usual along the trail. There is occasionally a little strike down here, but instead of being for higher wages, it is generally for horse and mules.

Yours muchly,





The dedication of the New M. E. Church, at Winfield, last Sabbath, was a grand occasion. Services were conducted throughout the entire day. Revs. Kirby, Harsen, and McCabe, and presiding Elder Walters, Mrs. Kirby, Mrs. Lane, Col. Lewis, Col. T. M. Lane, and probably others, went from Wichita.

The edifice cost between $7,000 and $8,000, and at the opening services was $2,700 in debt. At half past eleven o'clock at night, when the services were closed, every cent of indebtedness had been provided for. The church is the finest in Southern Kansas. Eagle.




L. Lippmann has the contract for furnishing 24,000 feet of native lumber for the two Winfield bridges. They are to be completed in sixty or ninety days.




SEVERAL persons attempted to ford the Arkansas River last Sunday, while coming from the basket picnic near Gassoway's. One team stuck in the sand, and the driver, a modest farmer living east of the Walnut, was compelled to take his clothes off in presence of a wagon full of ladies, and get into the water to help the team out. It was rather tough work for the man, but fun for the balance of the company.




Still They Come.

The following letter explains itself. It is only one of a half dozen that we receive almost every day. When the railroad bonds are voted, they will be coming in by the thousands.

KINSEY, YELL CO., ARK., August 11, 1877.

Postmaster, Arkansas City:

Dear sir: I thus address you, wishing to know something about your locality. I think I would like your locality. I came from Indiana last spring, to the "Garden of the Southwest," viz: Arkansas, which I find about as poor as "Job's turkey"Cwould like to leave it. What is land worth with you? Is there any vacant land or claims that can be bought? What kind of land is it there? How is everything?

I am a first-class farmer and school teacherCam teaching at present. Am a young man (with wife and child). Please answer my questions, or if you cannot, please hand it to someone who will, and not throw it aside, and you will much oblige


Land is worth from $10 to $40 per acre, but is sold at from $2 to $10. There are yet vacant claims to be had by settling upon them, and paying the Government $1.25 per acre under the pre-emption law of Kansas. Everything is lovely here. Good crops, refreshing showers, young fruit trees yielding abundantly, the railroad coming, and we are all fat and happy. Come and see us.


Here's Another.

BROMSTORE, IOWA, Aug. 15th, 1877.

P. M., Arkansas City:

DEAR SIR: How many drug stores have you in your town, and are they good ones? Is there business for another good one? Can there be a room rented and a house to live in?


By reference to the advertising columns of the TRAVELER, you will see that we have three enterprising druggists. But "there is room for millions more" as soon as the railroad reaches us. We have no empty houses, and if you come, you will have to build one, as every other person does.




BUSINESS lively in town Saturday.

No. 2 wheat is selling at $1.00 per bushel in Wichita.

BUFFALO are within a day's travel of Cheyenne Agency.

Choice Arkansas apples are selling in market at $1.50 per bushel.

THREE MEN STOLE CHARLES GALLERT'S BOAT and went down the Arkansas River.

A very heavy rain fell last Thursday, accompanied by thunder and lightning.

The M. E. church building was damaged by wind or lightning last Thursday.

W. S. PACKARD and WILL. GRAY supply the Winfield and Arkansas City markets with grapes.

The ferry boat has been moved south of town, to where the bridge formerly was, and it is much easier to get to it.

ANOTHER BOAT from Hutchinson is making a trip down the Arkansas. It was anchored at the bridge last Sunday.


DIED, of fever, on Friday, August 17th, a child of Mr. and Mrs. James Harmon. Aged three months. It was buried on Saturday.

The herd of 400 mules, stopping about seven miles from this place, in the Territory, will move on to Missouri this week. Mr. Steen, of Texas, is the owner.

CHARLES CLINE has purchased the barber implements of Thomas Baker and is shaving all who give him a chance. He has had experience and gives a good shave.

SHERIFF WALKER and Hon. W. P. Hackney, made us a call last week. They are out for George Walker for Sheriff first, last, all the time, and forever more.

A BASKET MEETING was held near Mr. Gassoway's, in Bolton Township, last Sunday, and was generally attended. Mr. Gans and Erwin performed the religious exercises.

DANIEL BACON, the man who killed a blacksnake six feet and ten inches in circumference, according to the Cedar Vale Blade, offers his farm for sale. We don't wonder he wants to leave after telling such a tale.

WILTON R. TURNER, a well known surveyor of Leavenworth, committed suicide in this city by taking poison. Cause, poverty.

It is thought this is the Will. Turner, formerly of this place, employed on the survey of the Indian Territory.

Before a month we shall know whether Cowley County is to have a railroad or not. The election is called for Tuesday, September 18th. Arrange your work so that you can be at the polls on that great day of Cowley's freedom.

MR. COLT, of St. Louis, and ED. FENLON, of Leavenworth, were in town Sunday. Mr. Fenlon is an extensive Government freighter and supply contractor, and came here to see about purchasing his flour at this place.


A PARTY consisting of Messrs. Sparkman, Condit, and their families were engaged in gathering plums near the Osage Agency week before last when they encountered a "mourning party" of Osages, numbering over fifty warriors, armed with guns, revolvers, knives, and tomahawks. The chief mourners being attracted by the superior physique of Mr. Sparkman, demanded hair, in terms that a smaller man would have found it difficult to refuse. But so strongly impressed was Mr. Sparkman that hair meant hide, and that these poor bereaved people were accustomed to dressing their skins with hair on, that he entered a protest against the rites and ceremonies of such an expensive funeral; whereupon the "big injun" proposed to reduce him to the height of a common man, by going below the ears, for the poll tax must be paid. Happily a compromise was effected by Mr. Sparkman and his son, both contributing of their choicest locks to the solemn occasion.


Mr. Daniel Bacon killed a snake last Sunday, which measured six feet and ten inches in circumference. It was a species of the black snake.

The above is taken from the Cedar Vale Blade, published by Sam. Jarvis, formerly of this county. Sam. has been in the newspaper business less than a year, and yet we can hardly believe it when we read the above. We have heard of snake stories and big snakes, but my kingdom, Sam., do have some little regard for the profession of which you are a member; the church you cling to and your posterity in future. Do think it over and for your own sake, our sake, and the sake of Chautauqua County, do take it back, and say you meant in length rather than circumference.


KELLOGG & HOYT'S AD. It is hardly necessary to call attention to the advertisement of Kellogg & Hoyt this week, as it is the first thing noticed in opening the paper. This firm has engaged in the manufacturer of medicines, and are now offering fresher, purer, and better remedies than can be purchased anywhere abroad. The sale of their own preparations has been so extensive that they now have to manufacture for themselves. Call in and see them, price them, and try a bottle.




We represent above the "audible smile" of some of our Bolton friends over the result of the late election. A bottle of our


put up expressly for us, will produce the same "broad grin," they are so pleasant to take. Try them.

Are you troubled with the "ague?" If so, a bottle or two of our PERUVIAN AGUE CURE

will cure you. At least it would appear so, from these "photographs from life."

#2 MAN READING ITEM SAYING "I take Kellogg & Hoyt's Peruvian Ague Cure."....

#3 MAN WITH DOWNCAST LOOK...CAPTION: "I don't, bad luck to me."

We take great pleasure in presenting to our patrons this admirable preparation for the "chills and fever." Each bottle contains full directions for taking, together with the name and amount of each ingredient. No arsenic, or other deleterious drug. Warranted pure and of full strength. Try it! Only 75 cents a bottle.


This old lady is evidently in a hurry! Behold her animated countenance! With what eagerness doth she extend her indexical digit! Why is this thusly? Incline thine ear, my friendCshe is "going for" a bottle of our new


for the baby. She has learned by experience the inestimable value of the Drops for children. No opium; pleasant to take. Far better than Mrs. Winslow's, and only two-thirds the price. Try, try, try.

Below we give a partial list of our


Kellogg & Hoyt's Plant Bitters; a pleasant tonic and appetizer.

Santonine Lozenges; a safe and sure Vermifuge.

Peruvian Ague Cure; sure cure for "chills."

Compund Ex't of Buchu.

Blackberry Cordial; for Summer Complaints, etc.

Conc't Ess. Ginger; Stimulant and Carminative.

Ceylon Stove Polish; powdered in boxes ready for use.

Sewing Machine Oil, Strictly pure, only 15 cents a bottle.

Charm of Beauty for the complexion.

Wild Cherry Pectoral wines for Coughs, Colds, etc.

Medicated Soaps,

Co. Syr. Sarsap, and Potassium,

Catarrh Snuff,

Anise Soothing Drops,

Improved Cathartic Pills,

etc., etc., etc.

These preparations are put up only by us, and are warranted pure. Each and every package contains full directions for using, and a formula giving the common name and amount of each drug used in the preparation, so that every person using the medicines knows exactly what he is taking, and can safely rely upon their purity and strength.

In addition to the above, we keep constantly on hand a full line of Drugs, Medicines, Paints, Oils, Glass, Notions, Stationery, School Books, Lamps, Lanterns, Toilet Articles, etc., etc.

Don't forget the place.

"People's Drug Store," opposite City Hotel.

KELLOGG & HOYT, Proprietors.

Arkansas City, Kans., Aug. 1877.



NEW HARNESS SHOP. The new building just erected by Parker & Campfield, opposite the Central Hotel, was built for Mr. James Dodwell, who the Eldorado Times claimed would never leave the terminus of a railroad to get ahead of a road. Nevertheless, he is here, and this is his property. When he first came here, he was told he could not get a room for his business, but like a true Kansan, he has erected one, and determined to become a citizen among us.


The announcement of George Walker, of Vernon Township, for the office of Sheriff, appears in another column. Mr. Walker has acted in the capacity of deputy sheriff for several years, and has a thorough knowledge of the duties of the office. Throughout the county and at his home, he is a very popular man, and will be one of the strongest candidates before the Convention. His brother, "Dick," is the best Sheriff Cowley County ever had, and one of the best in the State.


Mr. T. K. Johnson, Chairman of the Republican Central Committee of this county, with his amiable wife, and Mr. S. C. Smith, paid this place a visit last Sunday. Mr. James Simpson, Charles McIntire, Mr. Devere, and Mr. Stewart were also here. Mr. Johnson is fast becoming one of the most popular men of the county.


SINCE THE FERRY has been moved from the west to the south of town, many persons, especially those of east Bolton, express themselves well pleased. We crossed on it last Sunday and found that less than half the distance over sand has to be traveled. If an inclined platform was built to the remaining part of the bridge now, it would help it a great deal more.


The grading machines of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad, is at work throwing dirt equivalent to 600 men's labor, and it is coming right along. One of the Directors assures us that we can have the road a year before the contract time if everything moves on harmoniously and without interruption by high water or other drawbacks.


NO BARBER. THOMAS BAKER, our barber, expects to leave for Cincinnati soon, to put himself under the care of the U. S. hospital at that place, where he will receive medical treatment, boarding and clothing at the Government's expense. He has been failing in health very much lately.


PAW-NE-NO-PASHA, Governor Joe, of the Big Hill Osages, sends a communication to the Cedar Vale Blade, telling a long tale of how the poor Osages are treated. Ah! Joseph, you are a cunning man, but Agent Beede has charge, and his ways are different from the Agent you partially controlled by fear.


C. S. THOMAS, of Winfield, and R. H. Beardslee, late of Waldron, Illinois, are erecting a water power grist mill, with three run of burrs, on the Grouse, near Silverdale. The size of the building is 36 x 40. The gentlemen are experienced millers.


If anyone has a reasonable argument against the voting of bonds to the narrow gauge railway, we should like to hear from them. The matter has been be so thoroughly discussed heretofore that we believe a large majority will vote it.


INDIANS report the country south of Salt Plains black with buffalo.


The Annual Fair of the Lyon County Agricultural Society, will be held on their grounds near this city, from the 4th to the 7th of September, inclusive.




$50 LOST. On Saturday, Aug. 18th, between Cleardale and Arkansas City, I lost my pocket-book, containing $53.35, also a note of $30. I will give $10 reward to the party returning the same to this office. FRANK FINNEY, Lawrence, Kas.


GUNSMITH. You will find me at C. R. Sipes' store ready at all times to repair guns, sewing machines, door locks, file saws, and will do all kinds of machine work. Have had thirty years experience. JOHN R. BUB.


TEACHER WANTED at the Coburn School House, Dist. No. 62; salary 30 to 35 dollars per month for 6 months. Apply immediately to Abe Mann or R. Rector, near Grouse creek.


NOTICE. All parties knowing themselves indebted to the old Democrat firm for subscription or advertising, will please call immediately at Hackney & McDonald's Law Office and settle up, and thereby save cost and trouble. I need the money and must have it. C. M. McINTIRE.


SECOND HAND two seated spring wagon for sale. Inquire of



LAND FOR NOTHING. 80 acres 22 miles south of Arkansas City, 12 acres broke, living water the year round; for $225, part on time. Inquire of A. Nelson.





I hereby announce myself a candidate for Sheriff, subject to the decision of the Republican County Convention.




I hereby announce myself as a candidate for the office of Sheriff of Cowley County, subject to the decision of the Republican Nominating Convention, the action of which I expect to cheerfully abide.




I hereby announce myself as a candidate for the office of Sheriff of Cowley County, subject to the decision of the Republican convention, and ask a fair and impartial consideration at the hands of the people.

A. T. SHENNEMAN, Vernon Township.


To the Republicans of Cowley Co.

I am a candidate for the office of Sheriff of this county, and shall submit my name to the Republican Convention to be held on the 22nd day of September. Some of my opponents have circulated a report that I am a Democrat. I have always been a Republican and voted the Republican ticket. I shall abide the decision of the Republican Convention, and support its nominees.




The bell for the schoolhouse was brought in on Monday morning, just in time to ring for the defeat of the Bolton bridge proposition. It cost $120 and weighs 309 pounds. Arkansas City now has three bells.


WHEAT. DAVID BRIGHT left us some very fine looking wheat raised by himself on his farm on the Arkansas. It does not weigh as heavy as it should however. One pint weighed three-quarters of a pound.



MR. SKINNER was in town yesterday worrying candidates.


REMEMBER the 18th of next month, and vote for a railroad into Cowley County.


We are indebted to James M. Sample for the returns of the bridge bond election in Bolton Township.


BUB has opened a gunsmith's shop in with C. R. Sipes, and will repair all the shooting irons left with him.


We have been complimented with a ticket to the Neosho Valley District Fair, to be held at Neosho Falls, Sept. 24th to 28th.


The businessmen of the west side of Central Avenue have challenged the east side to play a game of base ball on Thursday, tomorrow.


NEW harness shop, new gunsmith shop, and a medicine manufactory all started in Arkansas City within the last week. The railroad is coming and everybody is getting ready for it.


$50 LOST. FRANK FINNEY, traveling for Himoe & Co., of Lawrence, lost his pocket book containing $53 in money and a note of $30, between Cleardale post office in Sumner County, and Arkansas City, on Saturday last.


RIDING WILD PONIES continues to afford considerable amusement for our citizens. We noticed a black spot in the clouds yesterday morning, and afterwards heard a heavy thump on the ground. A rush was made to the spot and the substance proved to be an American citizen of African descent who had mounted a pony.


CHARLEY COOMBS, who has been employed in this office for the past two years, took his departure for Maine this morning, for the purpose of attending school for one year. Charley has been a faithful hand with us, and learned "the art of all arts" very rapidly for one so young. After his school term, he expects to come back and finish his apprenticeship.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

A. T. SHENNEMAN made us a call yesterday and left his announcement as a candidate for sheriff with us. Among the many candidates for the office, a good sheriff should be chosen. If Mr. Shenneman is the choice of the Nominating Convention, we shall take great pleasure in doing our best for him, as we know him to be a worthy man and believe he would be a true and faithful officer.


LAMP BURST. Early Monday evening, Mr. Gates went to the door of Channell's hardware store for the purpose of buying something, and found the door locked and the inside of the store in flames. While it was being talked over how they could get in, T. H. McLaughlin came to the rescue, and planting himself back on his patent leg, gave such a kick that would shame a mule, and sent the whole pane of glass in the door in a thousand and one pieces. This made an opening large enough to get in and out of very easily, and in a few minutes the lamps were lowered and carried out, and the flames smothered. The cause of the disaster was from a lamp bursting. The only damage done was the breaking of the lamp and scorching of a plow handle and the floor. The oil from the lamp had spread over the floor, and had it not been discovered soon after, the building would have been endangered. Only a few persons were present at the time, but among them we noticed two or three candidates.




Caught at Last.

For some time past there has been a nest of petty thieves roosting in the neighborhood of Guelph, in Sumner County. A number of articles of small value have been missing, but none could find out where they went, or who took them; but circumstances pointed to three young men who have been working around among the farmers.

On last Wednesday George Richey, Martin Richey, and Silas McQuiston were arrested and brought before Squire Gilmore on Friday, for stealing a wagon sheet and pair of check lines, the property of Alfred Hurst. George Richey was found guilty, and fined $5.00 and costs of suit, amounting to $54.00. In default of payment he was committed to jail and sent to Wellington.

His brother, Martin, and comrade, Silas McQuiston, asked a continuance for ten days, but failing to obtain bail for their appearance, they were sent up to Wellington to keep George company.

One of the principal witnesses against the Richey brothers (not the hotel keepers) was an old chum of the Richey's, but he squealed on them. George Richey swears vengeance against him. He says that he did steal the articles, and others, but that the witness, Gordon, hid them; that he is as deep in the mud as they are in the mire. It is an old saying that when rogues fall out, honest people generally find their own. But Hurst did not find it true in this case. He did not find his wagon sheet.

Another young gentleman was also arrested, Maguis Kelso, for being a participant in the affair, but he slipped his head out of the noose of the law, and went to find his brother, the millionaire of Chicago, who used to sling hash at the Central Avenue and write sensational articles for this paper.


Arkansas City Traveler, August 29, 1877 - FRONT PAGE.


Something to Think About.

Citizens of Cowley County, on the 18th of September you will be called upon to accept or reject the proposition to vote $120,000 in county bonds to the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Narrow-Gauge Railroad.

The great question with Kansas men when asked to undertake any proposition, and a pertinent one it is too: Will it pay? This is the principle that should govern your action in accepting or rejecting the proposition that will be presented to you on the 18th day of September. It is an enterprise that has for its object the noblest aim that can animate patriotic and christian men,CThe public goodCThe development of our country's resources and prosperity,CThe happiness and comfort of our fellow men.

Over six thousand years ago, on the flowery banks of the river Euphrates, in the Old World, the command of Heaven was given, "Be ye fruitful and multiply; bring forth abundantly in the earth and multiply therein." Since that day until this, man has been engaged in developing the powers of earth and her capacity to bring forth abundantly for the comfort and convenience of man. The same power that gave this command, has also said: "I have given you every herb bearing seed which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree in which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed to you shall be for meat." That is, it shall be your staff support and sustenance on the earth.

In sustaining this enterprise, in voting for these bonds, you are not only carrying out the decrees of Heaven, but you are developing the resources and material prosperity of our common country; increasing the comfort and convenience of yourselves and neighbors. In voting for these bonds you are not injuring any other locality, but simply building up your own and your neighbors= fortunes.

Cowley County is a distinct organization and must act through the joint body of her electors as one man.

The proposition submitted to you is a fair and honest one, doing the greatest good to the greatest number.

Our county is 342 miles from east to west and 33 miles from north to south.

The aggregate wealth of our county is $1,962,078.25. Of that wealth $1,502,868 lays in the three west ranges of townships through which this road is to run, so that no man in either of these three ranges can possibly be more than nine miles from a railroad. About the same proportion of the population of our county lies in these three western ranges of townships, so that if that portion will be most benefitted, it will also have the most to pay. As 4 to 1 of the population and valuation of our county is embraced within these western townships, or in the Walnut valley, how can injustice be done to anyone by voting these bonds?

But, says the prudent, cautious calculator, "Will the benefit accruing to the people of the county by the construction of this road be more than counterbalanced by the outlay?" This is a very proper inquiry and one that should receive due consideration from every man before depositing his vote on the proposition.

To what extent will the grain raiser of the Walnut valley be benefitted by the construction of the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Railroad?

One source of profit, and the greatest one to the farmer, will be a home market for all his surplus produce, with the cash in his fist, a commodity that he rarely handles now.

The price of the wheat crop will be considerably enhanced by reason of the great reduction of freights which will inevitably follow the construction of this road and the consequent destruction of the oppressive monopoly now enjoyed by the A. T. & S. F. R. R.

The increase of wealth and population that follow all such enterprises will have its effect here as elsewhere; the impetus to business; the advance in value of your present property, all demand that you should not throw away the present golden opportunity. "Strike while the iron's hot!" "Make hay while the sun shines!" Homely adages, but none the less true.

Vote for the bonds and you will have the road with all its advantages. . . .






Winfield is a lively place just now. It seems like an old townChas stereotyped waysClike an old place in the East. It is growing quite rapidly considering the hard times. Several buildings are in course of construction at this date.

There are upwards of seventy teachers attending the Teachers Institute. Of all the steps that have been taken for the benefit of our school system, none have done so much good to awaken a general interest in the schools, as the Teacher's Normal Institute, now an established thing in every county of the State. A unionCat these institutesCof all the teachers of the county, takes place; an interchange of ideas, a knowledge of the system by which different teachers govern the school over which they preside, is obtained by each member of the Institute. . . .





Seven years ago last Wednesday, we sent forth the first number of the Arkansas City TRAVELER from the roofless shanty on the corner where Newman's two story brick now stands.

There were few men on the border then compared to those here now, yet every day we look from our door, we can see some of the old residents walking the street. The change is wonderful, and makes it seem as though we had lived a half century.

No farming country in the world ever settled more rapidly, and none ever accomplished more in the same length of time. While we have enjoyed, in the settlement of one new country, we do not have the desire to experience another. The future of Cowley County is almost decided, and that future is one of promised wealth and glory.




In conversation with a farmer who has always opposed bonds the other day, to our surprise he said, "I intend to support the narrow gauge proposition because it is the only thing we can do to get a market. I am opposed to the principle, but we cannot do otherwise in the situation we are now in."

The gentleman referred to is one of the leading farmers of Beaver Township; an intelligent man, and one who has considerable influence throughout the county. His name is Lucius Walton.

A few months ago we argued for three solid hours with him on the necessity of paying a road to come into this county, but he did not believe the principle was a good or safe one.

If a railroad would pay from the time it was built into the county, then we would say they should come without asking us to bond ourselves to give them $120,000. But it is doubtful if it will pay the first year. If crops should fail, it certainly would not. There is a risk in building the road. Capital is always timid and has to have great inducements.

If we wait long enough, we might get a railroad for nothing, but will it pay us to wait when the expense of hauling our grain every year would amount to as much as the sum asked to build us a road? Then we have the road to tax to help pay for the bonds, and the amount of property would reduce instead of increasing our tax. It is not worthwhile to introduce figures here to prove these assertions for they have been made and proven time and again in the columns of this paper. We do not know how we can better illustrate the principle of paying a road to come into the county than by referring to the remarks of our friends about seven years ago when the survey of the Osage Diminished Reserve was being made.

Almost every man had "picked his claim" and was ready to make his improvements on it, but was afraid to do very much for fear when the lines were run, he might be cut off from his land. The surveyors were here, but declared their intentions to survey other portions of the Reserve unless they could have a bonus of $50 for surveying the township. We denounced the proposition as a swindle and did what we could to prevent the paying of the money until we were convinced by a friend that it would be best for us in time. He said: "I want to do my plowing and put up a fence. These men are not compelled to complete the survey for nearly a year, and can hold us back for that length of time. We have found by paying $2 each, we can easily raise the money, and in a few days we can go to work. I don't believe it is right, but I would rather give $10 or $25 than be held back a year with my work."

We saw that we were in the power of the men and that there was no immediate remedy, and concluded, rather than work an injustice to our friends and neighbors we would favor the paying of $50 to have the land surveyed after the Government had already contracted to pay it.

So it is with us at this day!

We are in the power of one railroad and that fifty miles distant. It costs us more to get the grain to the railroad than it does to get it from the depot to the market, if we had a depot here in our own county. Taking the matter just as it stands, it will undoubtedly be best to pay for it now than to wait ten or fifteen years and get it for nothing. All over the county men who opposed the voting of bonds now agree that it is the only thing we can do under the existing circumstances.





Sid Major and wife visited friends in the vicinity of Arkansas City during last week.

The school board has taken a lease of the basement of the Presbyterian church for two years.

Mr. D. A. Millington lectured before the teachers and citizens at the Court House on Friday last. Subject: Prairie and Forest Fires.

Hotel arrivals, in this city, for the week ending August 22, 1877, number as follows: Central, 51; City, 46.

A game of base ball is to be played five miles west of this city on Saturday, September 1st, between the Grasshoppers, of Vernon, and the Modocs, of Belle Plaine.

A picnic will be given in Marshal's grove, on the Arkansas River, in this county, on Friday, August 31st, by the Aurora Sunday School, of Vernon Township. All are invited.

The Courier Company is composed of D. A. Millington, James Kelly, and A. B. Lemmon, who will jointly edit and conduct the business of the Courier. Job work, subscriptions, and advertisements are respectfully solicited.

Harter, Harter & Co. have taken a contract to supply the Cheyennes, Comanches, and Wichita Indians with flour. This will make a home market for a large quantity of wheat and save a large amount of hauling to Wichita.

There is to be a meeting at the Vernon Central schoolhouse, in Vernon Township, on Saturday evening, August 25th, to form a secret organization for protection against horse thieves. If the originators of the movement desire secrecy, they must not tell it to a Courier man.

Our Cowley County readers in going to Independence should take the back line at this place and go by Sedan and thence to Independence by daily stage. At Sedan they will find good hotel accommodation at the Great Western, kept by a Cowley County man, Capt. H. W. Stubblefield.

The new Presbyterian Church will be dedicated on the 3rd Sunday in September if nothing occurs to prevent. President Anderson, of the Agricultural College a