[Starting July 18, 1877.]



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.


Winfield vs. Railroads.

Friend Scott:

Has the attitude or action of Winfield, our county seat, in regard to railroad matters, been a credit or disgrace? And will it not tend to make our county second when it might have been first in everything that tends to its development?

They say to us: "We are the county seat of Cowley, and unless we can have all the railroads terminate here, Cowley may sink; for we will not allow a railroad to run through our town and terminate at Arkansas City." Why? Because a few politicians who intend to run this county were snubbed down here at the election last fall, and they would sink the county rather than let us have anything.

They say: "Yes, we believe the K. C., E. & S. road is backed by a substantial company, and will be built if the aid is voted; but it runs to Arkansas City, and that won't do; so we will get up a humbug in the Memphis & Parsons road to defeat it."

Some of the anti-Manning clique said they knew the Parsons road was a humbug, and would do nothing to help it along. But where do we find these same men at and some weeks before the election? Why, working for dear life for this same Parsons road, under their General, E. C. Manning, W. P. Hackney, first, and Allison, second Lieutenant, with a host of county officials and lawyers as Corporals--all jumping at the slightest node of their little General, E. C.

Now, will this kind of business pay? This is a pertinent question for us, who are out of the political ring to ask. Let us review. In the first place, a company of capitalists propose to build a railroad through the most populous portion of the county, making Winfield a point. Winfield says No; that it will build up another locality, and make two lively towns, while they want and will have but one. Therefore, until assured of the success of a road which will terminate at Winfield, "we cannot consider your proposition." Winfield then, at an expense of several hundred dollars to the county, put a proposition before the people, commencing at the tail end (unless it was all tail end, as many believed), and tied up the county to the amount of $120,000--and then discovered that there was a gap in the franchises which they could not fill up. And thus the grand scheme of building a railroad from Memphis to Winfield vanishes into thin air.

Then, again, gentlemen who have secured franchies to the line of Cowley county propose to certain townships that they will build a road through them, and through a portion of the county.

Winfield again takes the field, and in a canvass remarkable for lying and misrepresentation, again succeeds in preventing a portion of the county from giving aid to an honorable company that would build them a road. So far as they rate it, their success has been good: they have given aid to a wishy-washy concern and defeated a solid, reliable one.

Now comes their Waterloo. Having attached a franchise to the tail end of their Parsons road, they see the necessity of instructing the people of Elk county. How should they know, in the benighted regions east of us, what they want in the railroad line? So over to Elk they go, under their indomitable leader, who so fitly represents them, but whose pluck beats his judgment, and sometimes takes him in when he should have stayed out. They went in with flying colors, but alas! the people of Elk refused to be instructed. The called the great Pasha of the Walnut Valley a fool, and said he had better go home and mind his own business, and they came home like barnyard roosters that had sought the wrong dung hill--their combs badly torn and their tail feathers dangling in the dirt. So fearful an inroad did this last battle make on the little man's constitution, that he had to take a trip to the mountains and sip cold tea for a week. But he came home hungry, and determined to find a project to kill; and looking over west toward Sumner county, they found a proposition set before that people which did not suit the people of Winfield.

Why should Sumner county vote bonds without consulting them? They had come to the conclusion that if they were not good at building railroads, they were splendid on keeping them out of the country. They went, they saw, but they didn't conquer.

Hard-hearted Sumner said: "What you have unceremoniously kicked out of the way, we wil take. You have with unsurpassed ability succeeded in preventing your own people from securing cheapter transportation. We can attend to our own business."

Sumner voted the bonds, and it was settled that a road might possibly be run southwest without the aid of Winfield, and even against her opposition.

Now comes the crowning and most infamous act of the drama. Not content with interfering with and dictating to other counties, the city which would rule the Walnut Valley calls in the lawyers. Sumner county is not to be permitted to settle the question of the legality of her own votes, but Winfield men and Winfield money must still be used to defeat an election held in another county and among another people. The matter, however, must be nicely covered up.

Somebody must come over from Sumner, and get the attorneys; somebody from Sumner must carrry on the negotiations, but looking closely, you can see the cloven foot, and "he that runs may read." By their fruits ye shall know them, and if the people of Winfield have, by determined and persistent effort, succeeded in beating themselves, who shall _____________.

[Last line cut off.]




School District Officers Attention.

The annual school meeting will be held on the 9th of August, at 2 o'clock p.m. At this meeting a director should be elected for a term of three years, and vacancies in other offices should be filled for the unexpired part of the term.

Clerks should post notices of this meeting at least ten days previously thereto, and in three or more public places.

Officers elected at this time should qualify within twenty days thereafter.

District clerks should make complete records of each and every meeting held in their respective districts.

The clerk's annual report of the year ending July 31st, should be complete in every particular, and presented to the meeting for necessary correction, and then sent at once to his office. He should make a complete list of the tax payers of his district, and send the same to the County Clerk on or before August 25th. He should report to the County Clerk at once the amount of tax levied at the annual meeting. Any failure in making this report renders the clerk liable to a fine of fifty dollars. The District Clerk should report to this office the names and post office addresses of all newly elected officers. He should promptly report, also, the beginning of every school term.

In no case should school boards contract with parties not holding certificates, and when contracting, the board should carefully examine the certificate of the applicant.

Every school district in Cowley county should hold its annual meeting, and make its annual report. Our county loses every year hundreds of dollars by failures in this matter.

Full supplies of blanks, copies of school laws, and district records are in my office, and district officers should call for them in time for the annual meeting.

School boards are authorized by law to make uniform the text books used in their respective schools, and this should be insisted on by every school board in the county. Districts which have tried the plan of buying their own books are fully satisfied with the gain in every respect.

District boards which have no district records are authorized by law to get such records, and no district should be without them.

R. C. STORY, County Superintendent.




ELLSWORTH, July 4th, 1877.

Rev. David Thompson:

DEAR SIR: Your letter of inquiry of the 22nd ult., received. I will say for your information that I am doing all I can to have the streams of Kansas stocked with fish. I have procured for the State 100,000 young shad which were, contrary to my intention, deposited in the Kaw River. I expect to get Solomon this fall. I shall visit your portion of the State some time this fall. I find that it will be impossible to stock any but the principal streams this year, but hope in time to see all the streams stocked with fish that will thrive in our waters; the most we can do at present is to protect the fish now in our streams and introduce such varieties as are known to do well in streams of the same latitude.

Yours Respectfully,





War Relic.

Hanging in the office of the Empire Hotel, Empire City, Cherokee county, is an old Springfield musket, such as the army used before the hostile Indians demanded (for their own use) something better, and attached to the stock is the following bit of history.

"This gun belonged to Sue Mundy, the Kentucky guerrilla who was captured with Magrauder, the outlaw, while sick, in a log cabin, in Hardin county, south of Louisville, in April, 1865."

"Sue Mundy was, from his youthful appearance, supposed by many to be a girl. He was only 17 years old, but was an expert in the saddle, and both an excellent shot and a daring man."



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

B. F. Saunders, just returned from the Territory, found crops through Sedgwick and Sumner counties looking splendid, especially corn and oats of which there will be a larger crop than ever before. He found farmers very busy harvesting--wheat will be all harvested this week.

He went to see herds of Hood & Hughes, who are holding their cattle on Pond Creek. Since the 15th of February, Mr. Saunders has purchased and shipped the follow lots of corn fed cattle.

Chas. Tabin, 108 head, at 3-3/4 cents.

Archibald Elhs, 141 head; extra beeves at 4-1/2 cents.

Mr. Wilday, 60 head, at $56 per head.

Mr. Fowler, 33 head at $58 per head.

A. B. Woodruff, 21 head, at 4 cents.

Mr. Myton, 27 head, at 3-3/4 cents.

The above gentlemen are residents of Butler county.

R. F. Burden, 42 head, 4 cents.

Mr. Wiley, 60 head, at 4-1/4 cents.

E. & B. Shiver, 134 head, at 3-3/4 cents.

S. R. Smith, 104 head, at 4 cents.

All of the above gentlemen are residents of Cowley county.




TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

The old feud that has existed between the Pawnees and Osages for so many years came near culminating last week. The territory occupied by the Pawnees has long been used by the Osages as a pasture ground for their ponies, and, ever since it has been owned by the Pawnees, the Osages have herded their ponies on it.

The Pawnees recently requested the Osages to keep their ponies on their own side of the Arkansas, and stated that if they were driven into their reservation another time, they would take care of them, but the Osages were unwilling to yield to a set of men whom they compare to women, and drove their ponies over again.

The Pawnees, though small in stature, have long been used to fighting the Sioux, and not being much afraid of the Osages, made their word good.

This, of course, raised a rumpus with the Osages. The Osages then sent runners all over their reservation, calling for volunteers to attack the Pawnees, and before the ponies could be returned to the Osages, they had mustered a force sufficient to whip the world (in their estimation). It, however, terminated by timely interference, without the loss of blood. Herald.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

Osages have quit eating dogs.

Osages found buffalo near Salt Plains.

Osages paint in black and play "shinny."

Osages think wheat straw poisons their hogs.

Dr. Hunt, physician for the Kaws, is sick.

Osage hunters are at home feasting on fat buffalo.

Osages need fresh buffalo skins to make lodges.

The Big Hill Band of Osages is the wealthiest of the tribe.

Half breeds danced in Big Chief's hall on the evening of the Fourth.

Osages report white hunters scarce on the plains of the Territory.

Nearly 800 Indians with 2,000 ponies were at the wedding last week.

Osages have nothing to keep them at home, and need fresh meat.

The old time Osages killed panthers and bears with bows and arrows.

Osages say their horses were overjoyed at the sight of the buffalo ground.

Osages found a herd of wild horses west of Salt Plains, and captured two of them. They are fine ponies.

The Big Hills are anxious to return to the buffalo pasture, near Salt Plains.

Osages don't like to tell bear stories in summer time. They are afraid of snakes.

The Osage brave smokes under a coffee beah [?], while his squaw mauls a pecan into rails.

Osages don't like to kill snakes, and when they find a rattlesnake in camp, they let it go.

Dog Stealer's son married Mo-show-ka-she's daughter last week. He gave ten ponies for his bride.

Tah-wah ga-reh, Queen, is a name eagerly sought by belles of royal families, and is both bought and sold.

Wah-co Cab he-cak, Chief Woman, is an honored name among Osages, and it takes ten of the fleetest ponies to obtain it.

How-kah, is the name of an old Osage ceremony. It was abandoned for 20 years, but is now being revived by western Osages.

Osage women do most of the outdoor labor, and Sam Bevenue wants them allowed to vote and hold office instead of painted dandies.

Dr. Frank Trumbley, the only professional Osage, has fifty acres of corn, from which he expects a yield of more than fifty bushels to the acre.

The bear, panther, and beaver skins are used by the Osages in their "medicine works," but the skin of the wild cat is prized higher than all others.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

Crop reports for the past ten days have assumed a new phase, especially concerning the wheat. Some fields were blighted by rust to such an extent that the yield will be from three to four bushels per acre; other fields will not be cut at all; some more will yield from eight to twelve bushels, and the remainder will range from twelve to thirty, while the average will not exceed fifteen. This, though less than anticipated, is very good when all the circumstances are taken into consideration, and judging from reports received from Minnesota, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Missouri, and portions of Ohio, is far ahead of those states. Our farmers have no just cause for complaint, but every reason to feel encouraged. Gazette.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

The steamer Fletcher has just arrived from Little Big Horn, bringing the remains of Gen. Custer and other officers massacred with him June 25th, 1876. They will be taken to Fort Lincoln for the present.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

Mr. Robert Mills, of Salt City, informs us that it is all "bosh" about him being Mayor of that city. Said the report was circulated by some slanderous mischievous individual of Winfield, who entertained fears of that becoming a rival town.

Sumner County Democrat.


Indian Agent Barns, of Nevada Agency, telegraphs to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs from Wadsworth that Benjamin Holland, a farmer at the Reservation in Southeastern Nevada, and W. H. Carter, formerly a blacksmith there, were shot and killed by four withe men. The Indians whites from the reservation are in pursuit of the murderers.


Col. Whipple's command attacked Looking Glass and his tribe near Clear Creek and killed seventeen Indians.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

FLOUR $4.50 per hundred weight.

EGGS 10 cents per dozen and still falling.

CALDWELL is to have a steam flouring mill.

One drunk and one arrest last Saturday.

The much needed rain fell last Monday.

CUCUMBERS are now in order--so is the stomachache.

The City Marshal is adorned in a cardinal red jacket.

The barber is sick and the boys all wear hair on their faces.

One of the amusements of the day now, is breaking Texan ponies.

A large number of the farmers of this county have finished harvesting.

New wheat was sold in Wichita last week for sixty cents per bushel.

The Indian Herald has a young Cherokee learning the boxes in that office.

It is stated that Rev. Wingar has sent for all his goods and does not expect to return.

REV. SWARTS has been filling the place of Rev. Wingar in the M. E. ministry during the latter's absence.

NINETEEN THOUSAND FEET OF LUMBER was sawn in four days and a half, last week, at Lippmann's mill.

D. H. CLOUGH will sell out his goods one week from Saturday, and start for the Willomett valley, Oregon.

THE CALL FOR AN ELECTION to vote bonds to rebuild the Arkansas river bridge in Bolton township appears this week.

BORN. And now comes Perry Woodyard with the happy announcement that it is a boy. Born Sunday evening.

MR. HOPKINS was at this place a few days ago, returning from Coffeyville, where he made a good sale of his cattle.

CALDWELL has become a town of considerable prominence since it became the terminus of the K. C., E. & S. Railroad.

MR. BULLINGTON, of Dexter, is going to Kentucky soon after some fine cattle. He will keep them on his place near Dexter.

MR. CLOUGH offered his wheat for sixty cents per bushel, and did not have long to wait until he found a puchaser in Mr. Findley.

The Commissioners at their last meeting allowed the bills of witnesses at court, road viewers, judges and clerks of election, etc.

One of the country post offices gave the mail lock key to the baby to play with and had to do without mail until the key was found.

WHOEVER has number 25, volume six, of the TRAVELER will confer a favor by sending it to the State Historical Society at Topeka.

MR. GRIMES has a fish pen at the mouth of the cave near Newman's mill, where he keeps his fish alive until he is ready to butcher one.

The boys arrested by Mr. McLeese are the same parties spoken of in another item; the mother of one of them supposed he was hung.

A man by the name of Fuson, from Canola, Elk County, was in town yesterday, in search of a sorrel mare and colt, stolen from him last week.

MR. WILL MERYDITH, OF DEXTER, was at this plce this week, buying calves and one year old cattle. He paid a fair price and got a number of them.

CHAPLAIN McCABE, the sweet singer and eloquent preacher, will assist at the dedication of the new Methodist church in Winfield, sometime in August.

Thirty-one transients at Godehard's restaurant last Saturday, mostly farmers of this vicinity. The Central Avenue House also had a large patronage.


TOUGH. Mr. McLeese, City Marshal of Coffeyville and deputy Sheriff of Montgomery county, has a constitution something like Buffalo Bill's. Leaving Coffeyville on the morning of Saturday, the 7th inst., in pursuit of the two young horse thieves recently arrested near this place, he traveled almost constantly, snatching what sleep he could on the open prairie, with no blanket or covering whatever, and arrived at this place Tuesday morning. Waiting until a little past noon, he started for South Haven, twenty-two miles distant, in company with A. W. Patterson, and returned about 10 p.m., with one of the thieves. Stopping only for a bite of supper, the two left immediately for Oxford, another twenty-mile stretch, and returned in the morning with thief No. 2. He started for home the same day with the prisoners, doubtless well tired out, but with a stiff upper lip and a determination to reach home without loss of time. He is a faithful officer.


BOY HORSE THIEF CAUGHT. Last spring two boys, eighteen and twenty years of age, living on Shoo Fly creek near South Haven, by the names of John Voucher and James Hudson, left home and were gone until last Wednesday, when Voucher came back to his mother's house. He had not been there a great while when parties came after him and took him to Caldwell. Before going he told his mother that they had arrested him for horse stealing, and that he and Hudson had been in jail, but that he escaped. Nothing has been heard of the young man since he was re-taken, and Mrs. Voucher expects to hear that he has been hung. His father died in the Black Hills, and the affliction on the distressed parent is very severe.


MARRIED. By Esquire Bonsall, on Wednesday evening of last week, at the bride's sister's residence, at the City Hotel, in this place, Mr. W. L. Sullivan and Miss Emily Bridges, both of Sumner county. So it seems the Bridge question has been agitating Sullivan's brain, as well as the people of Bolton township, who are willing to do almost anything to get over the rushing water.


A heavy rain fell at Dexter Sunday night, and corn in the Grouse valley is looking splendid. Wheat is turning our much better than most farmers anticipated. Mr. J. Cline cut ten acres that he supposed would yield but 100 bushels; but to his surprise, found he had 254 bushels when he threshed it." He had five acres of oats that made 217 bushels.


MARRIED. W. H. WALKER returned last Friday from near Faulmouth, Kentucky, bringing with him the former Miss Lydia Drake, to whom he has been united in the holy bonds of matrimony.


MR. GOATLEY killed a large animal on Grouse creek last week that resembled a young panther or lynx. It had been taking his chickens for several weeks past, but this time he saw it early in the morning, and set the dogs after it, and it was not long before they had it up a tree, in easy range of his shot gun.


Those who think peaches will not ripen early in Southern Kansas should call on Geo. Shearer. He showed us a fine specimen of the "Alexander" variety last Wednesday afternoon, and says they were ripe as early as the 4th. Mr. Shearer has a fine orchard, and is confident that peach growing will prove a success in this part of the State.


MR. HAYWOOD desires to thank his friends for the patronage he has received, and retires from business with the best of feelings towards all.

MR. CHANNELL invites all his former patrons to try him again, and assures all he will sell as cheap as anyone in Southern Kansas for cash.


FESTIVAL. The M. E. festival of ice cream and blackberries on last Friday evening was well attended, the young people predominating in numbers. Music, a general social time, and plenty to eat were the pleasures attending the affair. We learn that $13.05 was made above expenses.


The prospects of a railroad at Eldorado have not given that place any unusual excitement yet. Several businessmen have expressed their determination to move to this point as soon as they can sell out, as they believe this will be the terminus.


MARE. Taken up by G. W. Horn, of Guelph township, one sorrel mare, 13 hands high, about 5 years old; roached mane, both hind feet white, bald face, saddle marks; branded with letters

"B H" posted before A. J. McManis.


S. P. CHANNELL purchased the hardware store of R. C. Haywood yesterday, and is now ready to serve all in need of anything in his line. Mr. Haywood will devote his time to collecting accounts due him, for awhile.


ELDER H. D. GANS, of Winfield, will preach at the Teaker school house Saturday night, July 21st; also the following Sunday at 11 o'clock a.m. J. J. BROADBENT.


Since the flood on Grouse creek, the farmers are turning their attention to stock raising. Many of them will now favor the continuance of the herd law, since their fences have been destroyed.


FESTIVAL. The ladies of the First Presbyterian Society of this place will give a blackberry nd ice cream festival at the Central Avenue House on Friday evening, July 20. All are cordially invited to attend.


And now we have to chronicle the happy announcement of a bouncing girl for E. D. Eddy. Born Tuesday, July 17th, in the 101st year of the Independence of the United States of America.


PEACHES. Captain Burrell brought in some of the finest peaches last week we have seen for a long while, some of them weighing a half ounce. They sold readily at 20 cents per dozen.


The bridge bond question is now being generally talked over in Bolton township. The proposition will meet with some opposition, although many influential farmers will favor it.


Good calves are worth from $4 to $6 in this vicinity; yearling heifers, $8 and $10 each; steers, $10 to $12; two-year-old cattle, $17 to $20. Ponies can be bought from $15 to $50.


We overlooked the mention of the picnic held in Coombs' grove on the 4th. Those who attended it all speak in high terms of the pleasant time that was enjoyed.


CHANGE. MR. L. McLAUGHLIN has purchased the grocery department of Houghton & McLaughlin's store, and is conducting the business at the old "Green Front."




MR. WILEY has purchased Mr. McDorman's interest in the store at Dexter, and is conducting the business wholly under his own management.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

SALE OF FARMING AND HOUSEHOLD GOODS. On Saturday, July 28th, I will sell at public auction, in Arkansas City, for cash, my Farming tools, Household furniture, Carpenter and Mason tools, cooking stoves, tables, bedsteads, etc.



FOR SALE CHEAP AT BERRY BROTHERS--One set Blacksmith's tools, good Bellows and anvil.


HAY. All those wanting hay this fall can make sure of it by calling on J. W. Hutchinson.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

In the matter of the petition of Frank Lorry and others, voters and resident taxpayers of said township asked for a special election to be held for the purpose of voting bonds to repair the bridge across the Arkansas River in Section One, Township Thirty-five, Range Three East, to the amount of Two Thousand Dollars. Signed by J. M. Sample, Trustee; A. J. Kimmel, Treasurer; and T. Parvin, Clerk on July 14, 1877.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

Prof. Hoyt is getting up a joint stock association for the purpose of putting up a building to be used by the Gymnasium Society: shows, theatres, balls, and such like. The shares are being taken rapidly, and, from what we can learn, it will be a success. A building of the kind contemplated will be a good thing to have in town, and an excellent good thing to have for our Railroad Celebration. We hope it will be put up in tme to be used for that purpose. Eldorado Times.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.



LAWRENCE, KANSAS, July 9, 1877.

SEALED PROPOSALS will be received in this office until 3 p.m. of Friday, the 3rd day of August, for the erection of a stone building, for accommodation of a manual labor school, at the Pawnee Agency, Indian Territory; said building to be com-

pleted to the satisfaction of the U. S. Indian Agent in charge, according to plans and specifications, which may be examined in this office, or duplicates thereof at the office of the Eagle, Wichita, Kansas. Each bid must contain a guuarantee signed by two responsible parties that, in case the bid is accepted, the contract will be entered into with good and sufficient bonds within ten days after the award is made.

The privilege is reserved of rejecting any or all bids. Bidders are invited to be present at the opening of the bids, at the hour above named.

WM. NICHOLSON, Superintendent, Indian Affairs.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

A Monster Railroad Meeting was held in Sweet's grove at Longton on the Fourth inst. The Elk Falls Cornet Band was in attendance, as were also several prominent railroad men from Cowley Co., who made flaming speeches in favor of the narrow gauge railroad from Parsons to Winfield to the intense gratification of a few but to the infinite disgust of the many who had been coaxed out under the promise of a Fourth of July celebration.

Several gentlemen who attended the meeting have since informed us that it was simply a "narrow gauge effort" but that it fell perfectly flat. That the people were disgusted and expressed great indignation that they should be gulled in the manner in which they had been.

There were three speeches made--all by men from Cowley county, and all railroad speeches--no allusion, however, to the Fourth of July. Elk County Ledger.

The railroad alluded to is the defunct Memphis & Parsons road, on which Cowley county was duped to the tune of $180,000.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

Prof. Hoyt is organizing a class in gymnastics in Eldorado.

Caldwell hopes soon to have a daily mail to Fort Sill.


Mr. A. M. Colson, of Caldwell, sold 332 head of cattle last week at $20 per head.

It is estimated that there are 1,200 Russian emigrants in the land district embracing Hayes City, exclusive of Mennonites.

Dodge City is the largest Texas cattle market in the west. The drive will run close to two hundred thousand head this season.

Petitions are again in circulation to submit bond propositions in the townships that failed to vote aid to the

K. C., E. & S. R. R. in Butler county.

A proposition to aid in the construction of the

L. L. & G. R. R. (standard gauge) west from Independence will be voted upon in Elk county on the 17th inst.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

The Walnut Valley Times announces that the track of the Florence & Eldorado railroad will be laid to Eldorado by the 31st inst., and that there will be a free excursion train run between the two places on the 1st day of August. This is the first road into the county of Butler, and naturally enough, they feel good over it.


A young man by the name of Gross was drowned on Monday evening last, while bathing in the Arkansas river, at Mr. Somerville's place, on section 36. Mr. Gross had been working in the harvest field for Mr. Somerville during the day, and in company with the two Mr. Somervilles, went to the river in the evening to bathe; where, getting some distance from the shore and in deep water, he became exhausted and apparently alarmed and sank, since which all efforts to recover the body have been unsuccessful. Mr. Gross was a single man, 22 years of age, and a recent comer here; lived with a brother-in-law four miles southwest of town. Oxford Independent.



TRAVELER, JULY 18, 1877.

A change in the Courier management is rumored. The new firm would stand: Lemmon, Kelly, & Millington, with Fred Hunt as local editor. Telegram.


"What about that east and west road? is put to us daily. Just hold your breath friends. Winfield Courier.




Wild Bill.

The murder of W. B. Hickok, known as Wild Bill, a frontiersman, whose fearlessness, skill, and manly beauty Gen. Custer has praised in a magazine article, attracted wide attention about a year ago.

A Cheyenne correspondent of the World gives this new account of the killing.

"Fate brought him to the same card table with Jack McCall, a gambling sharper. On the last hand McCall bet $10 and lost; and when he came to settle, found that he had only $7.50. Bill, remarking, "You oughten't to overbet your pile; that's no way to play cards," handed him back $5 to pay for his lodging and breakfast. Next morning Bill was in a saloon, when McCall came behind him noiselessly, placed the muzzle of his revolver to the back of his head, and killed him."

The same writer sketches the widow of Wild Bill. She has had two husbands, both public characters, and both doomed to a violent death. In 1847, at the age of 15, she married William Lake, a clown, of whose circus she became financial manager. In 1869, while the circus was at Granby, Missouri, a loafer named John Killion, slipped in without paying. Lake ejected the deadhead, who armed himself, returned to the tent, paid his way in, and seeking out Lake, shot him dead. After her husband's death, Mrs. Lake took the management of the circus, which she conducted for three seasons, visiting all parts of the Union. She then sold off her menagerie, apparatus, and stud [?], and in 1875 went to San Francisco. There she remained but a few weeks, going to Cheyenne a year ago last April, where a little afterwards she was married to Wild Bill.




[From the Eureka Herald.]

The engineers on the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern compliment the Metropolitan Hotel at this place, in saying the change from their experience at Emporia to it is decidedly refreshing.

The City Council at their session last Saturday evening passed an order directing the payment of expenses incurred in the campaign in favor of the proposition to vote bonds on the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad.

Mr. Fuller informs us that he confidently expects to have the line through this county ready to let to contractors by the 10th of August. He is greatly pleased with the country from the Verdigris to this place--says it's beautiful enough to delight the heart of man. This coming from a practical engineer is decidedly poetic.

Mr. Fuller with his engineer force arrived in Eureka last Thursday evening. Yesterday morning he started west intending to look over the line through Butler. He proposed to put the men to work on the line at the west line of his county and have them survey back this way and thence to Madison. It was necessary to do this as Mr. Fuller had never been over the proposed route and was unable to give the necessary directions.

We are informed by Mr. Fuller that the contracts for building the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern to the south line of Lyon county are all let, and men are already at work getting out stone for the masonry. The grading is let to a Chicago firm fully prepared to prosecute the work without delay as they are regular railroad builders and own all the necessary teams, tools, and



[From the Oxford Independent.]

The railroad is coming; let her come.

The Kansas City, Emporia and Southern railroad is progressing rapidly from Emporia south; contracts let and material brought upon the ground.

A number of Wellington's heretofore zealous railroad men are opposed to the Emporia road because it costs so much to run it to Caldwell. Of course, they are glad to have it go there, but then its too hard on the poor taxpayers. Now this may be all right, but to some, it looks pretty thin.

We understand that some of the Winfield attorneys propose to put a quietus on the railroad enterprises in Sumner county, by contesting the issuing of bonds voted in aid of the road, i.e., and provided always that Belle Plaine will raise them $500 to start in with. At last accounts Belle Plaine had raised $7 of the money. Of course, this assures the success of the scheme; these patriotic attorneys will never stand back for the small amount yet in arrears.




Ed. Smith, one of the government agents to appraise Indian lands, has returned to his home at Paola. He will again go to the frontier about the first of September.


Messrs. Henning and Nettleton of the Gulf and L., L. & G. railroads, contemplate visiting Elk county this month in the interest of the extension of the L., L. & G. road into that county.


A call will soon be made for an election in Wellington township, to vote on the proposition of issuing township bonds to the amount of $600, to aid in building a bridge across Salt Creek.


From the Emporia News we learn that the contracts for building the Emporia Narrow Guage Southwest have been let, and that the road will probably be completed to Eureka this year.


Mr. Ed. Fenlon, the Government shipping and freight contractor, has bought the Jackson warehouse on Douglas Avenue, east of the depot, and rented the Greeley warehouse east of the People's elevator. Both houses are filled at the present time with goods for the agencies in the Indian Territory. Wichita Beacon.



TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.

The Wichita Eagle says W. P. Hackney, Leland J. Webb, Hon.

E. C. Manning, and W. M. Allison were all up at Wichita last week "and got it."


A temporary injunction has been granted parties at Winfield preventing the issue of the bonds recently voted to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad. It will more than likely be set aside at the August term of court.


Ex-Senator Colonel St. Clair, of Sumner county, is making about as big a fool of himself working up opposition to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railway bonds, just voted, as he did in the Legislature when Hackney got away with a Senatorial district for Cowley county alone, while the Colonel took Sumner and all the cayote districts to make the tail end of Wichita's district.


WM. NICKERSON, President of the A., T. & S. F. railway, was at Winfield last Monday. He came at the request of the citizens of that place, but made no proposition to extend the road he represents into Cowley county, but stated that he would consider the matter, and give them an answer in sixty days. He also said that if he made a proposition at all, it would be to go to the State line.

The Kansas City, Emporia & Southern are steadily working up their enterprise, and we may yet have a choice of two roads from the north.



TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.

The prominent dignitaries of the city of Winfield were all up this week. W. P. Hackney, Esq., was after an injunction against the issue of railroad bonds in Cowley county. He got it. Leland J. Webb, Esq., wanted a writ of habeas corpus for a client. He got it. Hon. E. C. Manning was up for a taste of city life. He got it. Will Allison, editor of the Telegram, was up for money. From his looks, we guess he secured an abundance.



TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.

RIPE tomatoes.


TOWN full of strangers.

ROASTING ears plentiful.

BLACKSMITHS are all busy on plow work.

The yield of oats this year is remarkabley large.

Blackberries are selling at fifteen cents per quart.

Ripe apples and peaches are offered for sale on the streets.

JOHN McMILLAN and family have left Winfield in disgust.

PARKER and CANFIELD are erecting watermelon houses.

The Dean boys sold their cattle and made about $3,000 on them.

More grain stacks in Cowley county than in any other county in the State.

A. O. HOYT returned from the north last week, where he had been on business.

NINE TEAMS loaded with freight for the Pawnee Agency left town on Monday.

The bridge pier on the Walnut washed out last week. It will be rebuilt by Mr. Newman.

The chandelier of Houghton & McLaughlin's store fell to the floor and was demolished yesterday.

The Superintendent of the Emporia schools is to receive $675 for the next nine months term.



D. H. CLOUGH sold a span of ponies, new wagon, and harness to Thomas Baird last week for $150.

DOCTOR R. H. REED, of Longton, Elk county, Kansas, is in the city seeking a location for a drug store.

THIRTY FEET of the stone dam at Winfield was washed out during the high water of the Walnut this week.

COL. J. M. HAWORTH, Indian Agent at Fort Sill, accompanied by his wife, passed through Wellington last week, en route to Olathe.

NEW ADS. L. McLAUGHLIN's and S. P. Channell's new advertisements appear this week, and Berry Brothers and Houghton & McLaughlin have made a change in theirs.

AD: BERRY BROS. Continue the Grocery Business at SHERBURNE'S OLD STAND, -with a full line of- GROCERIES, QUEENSWARE, STONEWARE, AND CUTLERY. Remember the "Opposition Store." BERRY BROTHERS.



I invite my friends and the public generally to call at the "Green Front" and see if I cannot save you money in anything in my line. I will endeavor to sell at the lowest prices, and furnish good articles in every line. Give me a call.


AD: This space reserved for S. P. Channell's announcement of




Having bought Houghton & McLaughlin's store south of the old bridge, will keep on hand a general stock of STAPLE DRY GOODS!

BOOTS, SHOES AND GROCERIES, Which he will sell at the lowest possible price for cash. Call and see me. FRANK WALDO.





Have opened a Drug Store in the new building south of

Benedict's store, and have just received a large and fresh supply of Drugs, Patent Medicines, Chemicals, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, and Pure Liquors for Medicinal Purposes.




Have a large stock of Dry Goods, Notions, Ribbons, Hats, Capts, Boots, Shoes, Clothing and Carpets, than Any Other Two Houses in Cowley county.

Our facilities for buying are equal to any concern in the State. We bought our entire spring stock on a market from 10 to 25 pr cent. lower than any other house in this county, and we propose to give our customers the benefit of our great bargains. Each line of goods in our stock is more complete than the same line of goods in any other house in the county, and we guarantee better prices. Come and see, and satisfy yourselves.





BENJAMIN HARBERSON had a violent convulsion in Mitchell's harness shop last Saturday, and suffered terribly for fifteen minutes from the effect.


The 27th of last month was the 50th anniversary of the establishment of Fort Leavenworth, the post having been established June 27, 1827.


NARROW ESCAPE. While O. C. Skinner was crossing Shilocco Creek in the Territory last week, one horse refused to swim, the wagon box floated off, and one of the ladies--Miss Ida Small--was carried down stream, and would have drowned if she had not been rescued. Mr. Skinner had crossed the creek many times before, but was not aware it was so deep, knowing there had been no rain and forgetting that the Arkansas was full, and that the backwater was in all the streams emptying into it. The parties in the wagon were Mary Skinner, Ida Small, Miss Graves, and himself. When the contrary horse laid on his side and the wagon stopped, the bed floated off. The horses then plunged and made for the shore. Mr. Skinner held to the box until he could jump ashore and land his sister and Miss Graves. He then ran down stream after the missing girl, whose hand he saw extended out of the water. In a few minutes, after an effort worthy of the young man, he succeeded in getting her to shore. After throwing up a quantity of water, she gained her senses, and was brought safely home.


JAMES DODWELL, a former resident, has returned to Eldorado to stay and will engage in business at once. He is accompanied by others who will make Eldorado their home. Eldorado Times.

Guess not, Mr. Times. Mr. Dodwell looked around Eldorado, and concluded it would be no town at all after the railroad gave it the go by, and came on down to Arkansas City, the terminus, where he has rented a house, bought a lot, and is going to build a shop, and go into business in a live town. His father-in-law and brother, both heavy boot and shoe dealers of Michigan, accompany him, and will locate here.


MR. L. S. COOKE, the first white man who ever drove a stake on the townsite of Arkansas City, called on us yesterday, with J. P. Short, another old settler. It was on the 4th day of November, 1869, when Chetopa was camped on the Walnut, and the Indians had full sway. They took their wagon to pieces in order to get over the bluff near Tom Callaham's. There were no whites in this part of the county then. Soon after Prof. Norton and others came, jumped the claims, that had then been abandoned, and started the town.


A man came to Joe Sherburne to rent a house a few days ago. Joe said he had no house. "Well, they say it is yours," said the inquirer. "Oh! You mean my stable?" "I don't care what you call it. It is the only house I can get in town, and I want it." Joe told him to move in, and now considers he has a house, sure enough.


A festival was given by the members of the First Church, at the Central Avenue Hotel, last Friday evening, and was generally attended. Ice cream, blackberries, coffee, and cake were served in the best of style, and all seemed to enjoy themselves.


The quarterly meeting of the M. E. church will be held at Holland's school house Saturday and Sunday, August 11th and 12th. Preaching Friday evening and Saturday at 11 o'clock in the morning and early candle light in the evening. Also on Sunday. Presiding Elder, Rev. A. H. Walter will be present.


JACOB PARR will cross parties over the Arkansas river at Denton's ford, in a small boat for five cents each. He has a team that can be hired for $2 per day, and will run it two days in a week, hauling passengers to town, and charging enough only to make the required two dollars.


HON. C. R. MITCHELL came down from his farm yesterday in an old fashioned manner, and went to work as though nothing had happened, and had it not been for our friends, we would not have known for a week that he was the proud father of another beautiful daughter.


A. CHAMBERLAIN has purchased the furniture store of

L. McLaughlin, and will conduct the business hereafter. Mr. Chamberlain is a licensed auctioneer, and in connection with his store, will have an auction every Saturday afternoon. Bring in what you have to sell.


REV. DAVID THOMPSON goes to Elk County, this week, by request of the members of the United Presbyterian church of Longton. The good people of Elk County will find Rev. Thompson a gentleman of extended experience and remarkably well read.


The newspaper men of Winfield were on their muscle last week. One had to be taken off of a big six footer, and the other made known his desire to bury the hatchet. That hatchet is dug up and buried every other day with one man.


UPSET. Charley Cline and a cattleman by the name of Babb had an upset last week, damaging the buggy considerably, and hurting Mr. Babb slightly. The latter named gentleman has a herd of 40,000 Texas cattle in the Territory.


Business is getting dull with the attorneys at Winfield, and one of them is making preparations to engage in the show business. He has a show horse and a buffalo calf already, and is buying old shirts to make the tent of.


MR. MUMMERT drove into the Walnut at Harmon's ford last Monday, and had some difficulty before he out out. Those water indicators should be replaced so that travelers may know the depth of the stream.


Last week a sun bonnet crossed over to Balcom's house. Soon after another one left, and presently sun bonnets were going hither and thither, all over town, and the news reached us Charley Balcom's was a girl.


A. H. GREEN is sued for $5,000 damages for the false imprisonment of J. E. Scarle [?], of Winfield, who was released from custody in Wichita last Friday, by writ of habeas corpus.


JOE MACK has been married to Miss Bull, at Winfield. "Bully, bully, bully, bully, by gum." Married a bull in Cowley county. What will be the result?



Business has begun to resume its usual activitiy, and the prospects of the railroad are bringing many visitors to this place.


The commissioners to appraise lands on the Cheyenne and Arrapahoe Indian reserves, south of the Arkansas river, have ceased their labors until cooler weather.


The Osages stole four horses from Jake Keffer about a month ago. He managed to get three of them back, and received pay for the other one after some delay.


S. W. CHASE, of Tisdale township, we learn, will be a candidate for the office of Sheriff before the Republican convention. He is well spoken off by his friends.


Every day new machinery is sent out by Channell and Benedicts. On the corner of Benedicts' the sidewalk is blocked with fanning mills, hay rakes, etc.


W. H. HASTINGS, in Sumner county, raised the price of his farm from $3,000 to $5,000 the day after that county voted the narrow gauge railroad bonds.


REV. SWARTS will preach at the M. E. hall, over Berry Brothers' store, next Sabbath morning, and at the Centennial school house in the evening.



TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.

FOR SALE AT A BARGAIN. 27 yards extra good rag carpeting. Apply at this office.


FRUIT JARS, both glass and stone, a large variety at Hermann Godehard's.


CHEAP FARM. 260 acres, 20 acres of timber, 3-1/2 miles south of Arkansas City, on the State line. A splendid stock farm. All for $1,600. Will take part in trade. A. Walton, Benedict building, Arkansas City.


NOTICE. On the first day of August, 1877, I shall send to each and every party indebted to me, a statement of account, which I expect to have paid within thirty days thereafter, or the accounts will be immediately placed in the hands of an officer for collection. This I am compelled to do.



On and after August 1st toll will be charged on the ferry for crossing the Arkansas river near Arkansas City as follows, from sun rise to sun set: 1 single or double team round trip, 10 cents; 1 passenger on foot or horse back round trip, 5 cents; each additional span of horses or yoke of cattle round trip, 10 cents; after sun set 25 cents per trip will be charged.



TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.

Everybody shakes hands with Geo. W. Newman and inquires after the health of little Miss Newman.

We learn that the A., T. & S. F. road has decided to survey a line from Pueblo to the Rio Grande, to meet there a line from San Francisco. The people of that city propose to extend a road to the Rio Grande to meet the A., T. & S. F. in order to head off the Tom Scott project to build a Southern Pacific road to San Diego. The A., T. & S. F. has also decided to survey from Elinor to Arkansas City, as soon as its branch to Eldorado is finished.



SALT manufactured at Salt City is retailed from the stores of this place.

10 acres of timothy yielded 4 tons of hay. The first in Bolton township.

DR. ALEXANDER has had a new sign painted, and an addition to his house on Summit street.

During the high water last Wednesday, the west pier of the Walnut river bridge was washed away.

D. MARICLE cut 360 acres of wheat that will average 10 bushels to the acre and 45 acres of oats that will average 50 bushels.

A cattleman came in last week and said that the Indians had stolen all of his ponies from the Cimaron river, where they were grazing.

WM. GRAY received a severe blow just below the eye from the lever of the wheel of the ferry boat last week, while he was helping to tighten the ropes.

REV. McCABE is to assist in the dedication of the M. E. church at Winfield on the 12th of August. The Rev. delivered a very fine lecture here last winter, on the "Bright side of Libby Prison."


RAINED TOADS. A freighter camped near El Paso on Monday night, July 18th, heard what he supposed to be heavy drops of rain or hail falling, but to his surprise found them to be live toads, falling thick and fast upon the ground, in the bed of his wagon, in his camp fire, and everywhere. They fell with a heavy spat, but soon were on their feet jumping around as though nothing had happened.


RIPE APPLES. Mr. Trissell presented us last week with several samples of the "Red Stripe" and "Early Harvest" apples, grown on Mr. William's Rose Hill nursery at Chetopa. The fruit ripened on the 15th of July, and was sent to W. B. Trissell of this place, who represents the nursery in this section.


MR. BULLENE, representing the Missouri Valley Bridge Com-

pany of Leavenworth, was at this place last week, and wanted part payment on the Walnut river bridge. The township officers refused to delivery any part of the bonds until the bridge was completed according to contract. Mr. Bullene has been delayed from building the bridge on account of the piers not being ready and has sustained some loss, but the bonds will not be transferred until the bridge is completed.


MR. CHANNELL has engaged a large space in the paper this week to tell the people what he has in the hardware line. He will go north soon to replenish his stock, and when it arrives, he will have one of the largest supplies of wagons, machines, and farming implements to be found anywhere in the Southwest. Mr. Channell always bore the reputation of selling the best hardware for the least money, and his many friends will be glad to learn that he is again in business.



TRAVELER, JULY 26, 1877.

MAPLE CITY, July 12th, 1877.

Friend Scott:

A man never knows anything until he learns it. Now there is one fact I, with others, would like to hear through the columns of the TRAVELER, and that is the status of our present herd law. When, if ever, without some action from the voters of this county, does it expire? I was not a resident of Kansas when the law passed, and upon inquiry I find quite a diversity of opinions as to how long the law is to continue. Also, I find by observation, that the law is becoming very unpopular. A strong public feeling is setting in against it here in this section of our county. Ventilate this question in the next TRAVELER, and oblige AN ENQUIRER.

The following explanation is given us by Hon. C. R.


"The law of 1872 is the one now in force. And as it now stands in our county, there is no power except the Legislature that can amend or repeal it at any time. A bill was up before the Legislature last winter to authorize the county Commissioners to say when this law should cease to be in force, and it required a majority of the voters of the county to petition the board of county Commissioners, to that effect, before they could take such action even then, but most of the western members were so bitterly opposed to a change of any kind in the herd law that although the bill passed the House, it was killed in the Senate.

The law in force at the present time can be found on page 384, of the Laws of Kansas for the year 1872."



TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.


I will speak for the town of Galena, which is "the silver camp of the hills." It is very rich in ore, has one silver smelter here in course of erection, with others on the way here. We have one water saw mill doing a good business, also a fine twenty-five horse power steam saw mill at work, which has a shingle mill and planing mill attached. We have about one hundred houses in town which we are resurveying now. We mean to build a city here. For business houses we have hotels, restaurants, bakeries, dry goods, and grocery stores, saloons, cards, etc., but be it said to the credit of the city that there is not a "hardy" house in town. The 4th was duly celebrated by ladies and gents alike assembling under a beautiful spruce tree where we had speeches, toasts, etc. The evening passed off pleasantly with a party. We have been here about two weeks and the town has nearly doubled in size in that time. I. A. L.



TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.

The Normal Institute for Cowley County will open Wednesday, August 1st, in Winfield. Prof. L. B. Kellogg, of Emporia, will conduct the exercises, assisted by Bro. W. Robinson, of Winfield, Miss Ella Wickersham, of Tisdale, and R. C. Story, County Superintendent. G. H. Buckman, of Winfield, will give special instruction in vocal music.

The following gentlemen will address the teachers and citizens upon subjects of interest: Rev. Mr. Fleming, August 3; Rev. Mr. Rushbridge, August 10; Dr. C. E. Pomeroy, August 13; Rev. Mr. Platter, August 17; Mr. D. A. Millington, August 25.

An address is expected from Rev. J. J. Wingar, should he return from the west before the close of the month.

Parties attending the normal will be charged a tuition fee of one dollar. Applicants for certificates will be examined August 30 and 31, fee one dollar.



TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.

Indian ponies are all the go now a days.

Kaw Indians are in town every day with plums to "swap."

Both mills are running day and night grinding new wheat.

BORN. On Thursday, July 12th, 1877, to Mr. and Mrs.

J. E. Platter, a son.

Born to Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Holloway, on the 16th inst., a boy. Weight eight pounds.

When completed Winfield will have two of the finest church buildings in the Southwest.

The Union Sunday school is prospering finely. Nearly 150 scholars attend regularly every Sabbath.

The bridge bonds were carried by a majority of 24. (3-5 vote) and now we will have bridges "till you can't rest."

R. Rodocker, formerly a photographer in this city, is said to be engaged in taking photographs of mines in the Black Hills.

War in the tonsorial business. You can get a good square shave now-a-days for ten cents. John Nichols will get away with opponents on a shave or in war to the razor.

Mr. Goff, proprietor of the salt works at Salt City, we are informed, has already manufactured upwards of fifty thousand pounds of salt this season. The salt is obtained by evaporation. The water from these springs is said to containe one pound of salt to every gallon of water. If coal should be found at this point, and no doubt it will at some future day, hundreds of thousands of pounds of salt will be manufactured yearly, and Salt City will become one of the liveliest town in the Southwest.



TRAVELER, JULY 25, 1877.

SALT CITY, July 17, 1877.

Mr. Berkey is at Wichita, as usual, purchasing goods for his store at this place. He has had a rich harvest this summer as his numerous trips to the railroad indicates.

Mr. James Mitchell is running a first-class harness shop at this place. He also keeps on hand a full supply of harness, saddles, and all kinds of goods pertaining to first-class establishments of this kind.

Mr. Thos. J. Royal, formerly of the firm of Todd and Royal, Wichita, Kansas, has located at this place. He is going to remain with us permanently. He is going to continue the coal prospecting at this place, commencing immediately. All parties interested in the discovery of coal at Salt City should inquire or address Thos. J. Royal, Salt City, Kansas.

The majority of the wheat is in stack. Several parties have threshed and report wheat yielding from 14 to 18 bushels to the acre. This is better than they expected.

The proposition to vote bonds to repair the old bridge across the Arkansas River at Arkansas City does not meet with much favor from the residents of West Bolton. Bonds for a new bridge west of the city would be more acceptable.

A bakery and restaurant, blacksmith and wood worker, and drug store would do well at this place. Parties desiring a good location address Wm. Berkey, Salt City, Kansas.

James I. Mitchell is going to open a full stock of hardware; shelf goods of every description can be found at his store.

Farmers have commenced plowing for wheat ground. The majority of them see the importance of early plowing and seeding.





SILVERDALE, July 20th, 1877.

After such a glorious rain, everyone feels happy. The blue bird is to all the sweet flowers of the dale (Silverdale, I suppose). The wild bee is humming at play, and soft is the sigh of the gale. All nature smiles with delight. All kinds of vegetation seems to have taken a new life since the rain. A great many thought we would get no more rain until fall. To such, we are glad to say they were mistaken for once.

Corn looks splendid. All say that it is a sure crop, so far at the weather is concerned.

Potatoes look well. The early kinds have been fit for the table for some time. The late varieties will need another rain before they will mature. Everything in the vegetable line looks well.

The Grouse has been past fording for two or three days, which reminds me that it ought to be bridged before another year. No matter how urgent a man's business is, he must wait until the water goes down before he can cross his team, and this too, after a settlement of nearly eight years. I have never heard a word about bridging the Grouse since I came to this country. It is time we commenced to talk about it at least, perhaps after a year or so we can do something towards building a bridge.


My fellow townsmen want to know what county in the Southern part of the State Winfield intends to bulldoze next, or does she intend to let Elk and Sumner counties build their own railroad? They want to know, also, if it will be possible, in the future, for any county or township in the State to vote bonds for a railroad, without first consulting the Lords and Dukes of Windburg. J. O. W.





The times in this section might be termed lively. Storms, stamped horses and cattle, Indian shooting affrays, etc.

Last evening a herder came into the ranch, stating that a Mr. Cannon, a man in charge of a herd of Kenedies cattle had been shot by one of the hands, a Mr. Robison, about 25 miles out on the Dodge Trail, was badly if not mortally wounded. Dr. Hodges, Agency Physician, arrived here at 10 o'clock a.m., to see the wounded man that was to have been brought to this place, but has not arrived yet.

A severe storm passed over this place the night of the 17th, stampeded herds of ponies and cattle, one herd of five hundred ponies scattered in every direction of the compass.

Johnnie Murphy, of the Pond Creek Ranch, was driving up a thousand head to put in the ranch, had a stampeded in the storm, many of them ran off a 15 foot bank, killing and wounding quite a number.

A number of Cheyennes and Arrapahoes passed up yesterday for Wichita, Kansas, after 40 new wagons. Agent Miles is determined the Indians shall freight their own "grub" from the railroad this winter.

More about the shooting affair when the facts are obtained.





Winfield is enjoying a first-class sensation. A young couple of the upper circle were married about 3 months ago, and were living happily together until about two weeks since, when the fair bride brought forth a fine son and heir. Then, even, the groom was highly elated over his success, but his acquaintances about town began to question his ability to perform such a feat, when the wool was drawn from his eyes, and he left the bride and son, and commenced suit against his wife in district court for damage in the sum of, we believe, $5,000. Of course, he ought to have the damages, and we think Judge Campbell will not hesitate for a single moment to give it to him.

Elk County Courant.




Harry Brown, a mail carrier, reports two horse thieves shot and killed near the Sac and Fox Agency, last week. The thieves were caught with horses stolen from the Indians, and after a desperate fight, they were riddled with bullets by the Indians.

The Patrons of Husbandry of Sumner and Cowley counties hold a picnic at Knell's grove three miles northwest of Oxford on August 1st. Everybody is invited to be present whether members or not. Speeches, music, and other entertainments are on the programme.

In view of the late disturbance in Montana, President Hayes and Cabinet held a session last Saturday and Resolved to call out a hundred volunteers and put a stop to all future Indian troubles. President Hayes will probably take the field and assume command.

We understand work on the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad is delayed by reason of some disagreement between the company and individuals in securing the right of way. As they cannot agree, the forms of the law will have to be complied with, and some time will be necessarily consumed thereby.

Eureka Herald.




We are under obligations to Judge Christian for helping us out during a rush, this week. Mr. Christian is an old newspaper man, and works in harness now as well as he did years ago.


Col. Thomas Nickerson, President of the A. T., & S. F. Co., was in town Tuesday and Wednesday of last week, on matters connected with our railroad. He expressed himself well pleased with the progress and future prospects of the Eldorado branch.

Walnut Valley Times.

Col. Nickerson was in Winfield also, but we did not hear of any expression that he made about the Winfield Branch.


Mr. Hildreth, of Chicago, the contractor for the grading of the Kansas City, Emporia, & Southern railroad, arrived here several days ago and has been waiting to commence work. The right of way difficulties have not yet been adjusted, but Mr. Hildreth could not wait longer and grading commenced south of Dry creek, three miles from the city, today. A large amount of his tools and other necessary grading apparatus are blockaded on the way from Chicago by the railroad strike, but they have enough to proceed with until the balance arrives.

We are more than ever convinced now that the road is to be pushed through. Emporia News.





Mr. Cannon, the boss of Kenedy's cattle, who was shot near this place last Friday, and brought here, died about 12 o'clock last night. He was buried on a mound south of the ranche this morning. Dr. Hodge was here to see him, and all was done that could be done, but death claimed him. Robinson, the man who shot him, was captured yesterday by the soldiers on North Fork, trying to make his escape to Texas. It was terrible to witness the suffering of the wounded man. He was shot through the bowels.

R. C.




Mrs. Wendall, of this place, has been very sick, but is now rapidly recovering under the dare of Dr. Maggard. We hope the landlady will soon be able to attend her daily avocations.

Our little town is becoming more lively every day. Our businessmen are in good spirits. Strangers are looking up town lots, and all are expecting the railroad.

Dr. Maggard, brother of the well known Dr. J. A. Maggard, of Oxford, has located at this place, and has his office in Saine's drug store. He is a finely educated gentleman, and just the man for the place. R.




WALNUT fordable again.

A basket picnic will be held in Capt. Smith's grove today.

Agent Spray and Dr. Hunt, of Kaw Agency, were up last week.

Mr. Thompson, of Tisdale township, we learn, will be a candidate for Registrar of Deed this fall.

The Mexican herders camped on Bitter creek are all sick; caused by drinking water from the creek.

REV. DAVID THOMPSON's address for August and September will be Union Center, Elk county, Kansas.

Ripe apples from Missouri and Arkansas are offered for sale on the streets almost every day at ten cents per dozen or $2 per bushel.

It is predicted by many that hay will be scarce before next fall, as few are making any now. A hard winter would make hay scarce.

MARRIED. On Thursday evening of last week, by Esquire Bonsall, at the City Hotel, Mr. Frank Samuels and Miss Lucy Boggs.

CHEAP FARM. Mr. Chamberlain sold his farm, two miles east of the Walnut, to Mr. Marshall for $1,600. It is well improved and a very desirable place.

MR. TETER came up from the Territory last week and reported that the bodies of two white men had been found partially buried on one of the creeks.

MR. SIMPSON, Stansburry, Hank Taylor, Frank Johnson, and others, who went to Cheyenne Agency with freight, lost a number of their work cattle.

HEWINS & TITUS' herd of cattle were driven across the Arkansas last week for the Kansas City market. Mr. Hewins has gone on the trail to purchase more.

WORK on the M. E. church has been resumed, and all the brick will be laid this week. Rev. Swarts has taken hold of the completion of the work and is hurrying it along.

PROF. E. J. HOYT's smiling countenance illuminated our abode yesterday. Joe has become familiar with all Southern Kansas, and his reputation is growing every day.

HUNDREDS of plum hunters are scattered through the Territory. Generally they are not meeting with much success, as the frost killed most of the early plums while they were budding.

J. A. STAFFORD, of Wichita Agency, has relocated with us again, with his family. Miss Mollie Williams, daughter of A. C. Williams, agent of the Wichita Indians, is with him. They were greeted by many friends.


LOST HIS HAIR. An Osage mourning party met some plum-hunters in the Territory last week, and captured one man, living near Elgin. They took him to camp and informed him that one of their friends had died, and according to an ancient form and custom existing among all Osages, it would be necessary for him to leave with them a lock of his hair; not for its intrinsic value, but as a memento that they had performed their duty toward the dead. In former ages (when Gibson was agent) it was their custom to first kill and then scalp the victim, but under the existing circumstances over which they have no control, they concluded not to kill, but merely clip a lock of hair, which they did. The frightened man was then turned loose and he was not long in reaching the Kaw Agency, where he related his perilous adventure. When he left Kaw Agency, he declared his intentions to go to the State, raise a company of white, and wipe out the whole Osage tribe. If that man ever goes into the Territory again, it will be a wonder.


BACK AGAIN. PARKER, ex-Sheriff of Cowley county, is back again at Winfield, after an absence of several years. His face is as familiar and his countenance just as sneaking as it was four or five years ago, when he came to this place with the avowed purpose of whipping the editor for criticizing his fool-hardy actions as county official. While he sojourned with us in years gone by, he quarreled with every newspaper man in the county, and would have whipped the Traveler editor when he came down to Arkansas City, if his hand had not been so sore. We were awful glad his hand was sore, and yet we might have had cause to pity him, if it had been well. Parker is a fool. In every sense of the word, he acts foolish. Instead of letting bye-gones be bye-gones, and extending the right hand of fellowship to old acquaintances, he cherishes in his bosom a hatred so deep and malicious that misery is constantly bred in his own heart.


It is a sight worth seeing to go into a herders' camp where they are "ropeing" horses and mules that have never had a hand on them. The Mexicans will coil the rope once around the horn of the saddle and twice about their bodies and start their horse on a dead run until within a suitable distance when the rope is thrown, the saddle horse checked, and the pursued animal jerked on its back or haunches so suddenly that the neck is often broken. Once down, a mule is in the power of the man. The harness is then put on, and the animal allowed to get up, led to a wagon, hitched, and driven until it is perfectly subdued. Often they get away, smash the wagon, and tear loose from the harness, but in most instances they do little harm with men who are accustomed to them.


We don't know how true it is, but we learn that Captain Sybert, of Maple township, is another candidate for Sheriff, and Capt. Chenoweth and a gentleman by the name of Nixon, and one of the former clerks in the County Clerk's office, are candidates for Registrar of Deeds. Mr. True, of Beaver township, is a candidate for Treasurer, and Ed. Haight for County Surveyor. Their opponents will be the present officers holding the positions with the exception of Sheriff, which office the law prevents anyone from holding more than two terms in succession.


A Texas editor suggests that the fact that he once commanded a squad of rangers sent out to capture a Mexican woman who was required as a witness in a murder case, does not entitle him to the title of "Captain," and he would therefore prefer to be called mister.

If some of Cowley's citizens would follow the same plan, the Colonels, Captains, etc., would not be so numerous.


PONIES. A Texas man has four hundred head of horses and mules in the Territory, near Mr. Parvin's farm four miles south of this place, that he is offering for from $25 to $75 each. Most of the stock is small wild mules. The horses are ordinary animals, weighing probably from 500 to 700 pounds, most all unbroken to the saddle or harness.


THOUSANDS OF TEXAN' CATTLE are crossing the Arkansas at Deer creek crossing every week, on their way to Coffeyville. There is a beaten trail resembling a State road only a few miles south of us, and yet many people are ignorant of the fact that a railroad to this place would carry every hoof of cattle to market there is south of the State line.


All the candidates that come to town seek Judge Christian's office. Whether they are afraid of being brought before him in his official capacity as Police Judge, or want him to help them in the canvass this fall, we cannot say. Judge is a Democrat, but somehow the Republicans court his acquaintance all the same in a fall campaign.


Dexter has to go to Winfield and Arkansas City now to have their wheat ground. A good miller should purchase the mill there, now closed by mortgage, and run it. There is money in it.

The post office has been moved from McDorman's store to Hoyt's building.

A child of W. H. Haworth's died July 10th, of brain fever.


WILD PLUMS. Parties who have been to the Territory after plums say that about thirty-five miles south of this place on the Salt Fork there is any quantity of them. Henry Endicott and three others gathered eighteen bushels in half a day, and he said he left two hundred bushels on the bushes in one patch.


PEACHES. George Shearer treated the TRAVELER boys to a fine lot of peaches Monday morning, and they have been happy ever since. Mr. Shearer has a beautiful fruit farm three miles east of town, and from the quantity and quality of what he raises, we know he understands fruit culture.


A PETITION is being circulated among our citizens to raise the sum of $3,000 towards rebuilding the bridge across the Arkansas river. This is on condition that Bolton township votes $2,000 next month, for the same purpose. Creswell township is not able to vote any aid, and the City is not allowed, by law, to give anything, for any purpose, outside of the corporation, so that if the money is raised, it must come from the people here, who are subscribing very liberally.

It is to be hoped everyone will give something to make up the amount, and that Bolton will do her share. We hope to hear soon of the success of the movement, that a bridge may go up within the next 60 or 90 days.


There are about 200-1/4 sections of land in Bolton township, counting tractions. The amount of bridge bonds asked for is $2,000. $2,000 at 10 percent interest for two years would be $400, making in all $2,400 to be paid in two years. A tax of $12 on each quarter section would be $2,400, and this is higher than the facts will warrant for, the interest would only run 18 months instead of two years. I. H. B.


Some papers in the Southwest are trying to make capital out of the fact that a charter was filed the first week in July, for a C. C., E. & S. R. R. The facts in the case are these. The charter for the original K. C., E. & S. R. R. Co., was filed in February, providing for a road from Kansas City, via Emporia and Eureka, to the south line of the State at, or near, Arkansas City. This charter and this company yet remain intact. The charter filed in July was for the purpose of building the branch through Sumner county--not included in the original charter. There has been no "bust up," no unpleasantness, no change of plans--except as to Sumner, all things are lovely, and goose hangs altitudilum. It don't look so bad after all, does it boys?

Augusta Gazette.




I have a fine double-barrelled, Damascus steel shot gun, for sale or trade cheap. GEORGE ALLEN.


FOR SALE. A new or old double seated spring wagon, just what everyone needs on a farm or for light work. W. H. WALKER.


LIME. I have a large kiln of fresh lime burned. W. H. Moore, 2-1/2 miles southeast of Arkansas City, Kansas.




A Narrow Gauge road from Eldorado to Arkansas City is the latest sensation in town. Eldorado Times.

Milton is the name of the new railroad station near the county line between Butler and Marion. A town is being laid out on the A. T. & S. F. lands at the above point.

Patents on all lands entered at the Wichita land office prior to April 1st, 1874, are now ready for distribution to property owners. Parties interested had better get them and have them recorded at once.




From Samuel Scott, of Vernon township, we learn that a whirlwind-tornado passed from southeast to nortwest through the northwest part of Vernon township, about ttwo miles from the Arkansas river on Tuesday night about 9 o'clock. It appears to have struck the ground and then risen for a distance and then descended again at intervals of about a mile apart. The house of James Dale was utterly demolished, as also the house of Mr. Worthington, and one other house whose owner we have not learn. There were six inmates in the house of Mr. Dale at the time, and their escape from serious injury is remarkable. Crops, fences, and stock were destroyed and seriously tossed about in every locality struck by the cyclone. An idea of the force may be obtained from the fact that a wagon containing a barrel of water stood at Mr. Dale's residence, and it was torn to pieces and the front wheels with a broken wagon tongue were found about 300 yards from the house, but the remainder of the wagon had not been found on Wednesday, though diligent search had been made therefore.

LATER. The residence of James Paul, one mile east of Oxford, was twisted in two, the top story being carried away and a large amount of bedding and wearing apparel belonging to Mrs. Paul carried with it, of which no trace can be found.

A house belonging to R. B. Wait, on the farm near the Bartlow place, was also carried from the foundation entirely and thrown southwest and turned entirely towards the storm. Corn was twisted out of the ground wherever the monster struck the earth. The noise of the tempest is said to have been appalling.





Hayes & Brothers, of Wichita, have bought from Mr. Stotler, of Redbud, Cowley county, 11,000 pounds of wool, clipped from Mr. Stotler's flock of 1,400 sheep.







Up to May 1, 1877, conductors received $100 to $120 per month. May 1, 1877, they were reduced to $75 per month and no allowance made for extra time.

On Jan. 1, 1877, engineers made a special contract for $3.50 per 100 miles run on passenger and $3.75 per 100 miles run on freight trains. Firemen contracted $1.75 per 100 miles for passenger and $2.05 and $2.10 per 100 miles for freight trains. Brakemen received up to May 1st, $1.80 to $1.99 and $2.00 per day, but were on that date reduced to $45 per month and no allowance for extra time. They claimed that they were made to work more than 30 days of 10 hours each and then got but $45.

Trackmen got $1 per day. A general reduction of 5 percent was to take place August 1st.




The Republican County Central Committee met at Winfield last Saturday and elected T. K. Johnson, Chairman, to fill the vacancy occasioned by A. M. Jarvis' removal from the county.


THE BRIDGES. Work on the pier of the Walnut river bridge has been going steadily on for the past week. Mr. Buzzi has the contract and is doing good work. Stones two feet wide by four feet long and one foot thick are frequently put in the pier. The abutment on the east bank is also being rebuilt, and both piers being rip-rapped and built four feet higher. Mr. Gooch is overseeing the work during Mr. Newman's absence.

In the matter of the Arkansas river bridge, an election has been called by the officers of Bolton township to vote on the proposition to issue $2,600 payable in two years, for its immediate construction, and a petition circulated in this place which shows several hundred dollars subscribed. Creswell township cannot, by law, vote the aid required of it for its proportion (two thirds) of the construction of the bridge, owing to previous indebtedness, but many of the citizens have assured the people of Bolton that the balance needed ($3,000) would be raised. The whole amount of each township would then erect an iron span reaching to the three wooden spans on the south side of the river. If the bonds are defeated on the 18th day of August in Bolton township, the matter will then have to rest for the present. A ferry is used for crossing this river west of town, charging a toll of five cents each for footmen or horsemen, and ten cents each for teams, for the round trip. After sunset twenty-five cents each trip is charged.






The Farmers' Heart Gladdens and a New Dawn of Prosperity

Overshadows the Land.

Last week Mr. E. P. Bancroft, representing the Kansas City, Emporia, & Southern railway, by invitation from a number of Winfield's best citizens, came to this county for the purpose of adjusting differences and submit to the people of the county a proposition to build a narrow gauge road from Kansas City, Mo., to the State line near this place. Bonds have been voted along the entire line of the road from Emporia, south, except in one or two townships in Butler county, where the proposition is now pending. In two townships east of Emporia on the line to Kansas City aid has also been rendered. This virtually makes the road a surety and it will be built. The proposition is to build within two years afrom August 1, 1877, a railrroad from Kansas City to the south line of this county for $120,000 in bonds, drawing eight percent interest, and payable in thirty years. The bonds are to be left in the hands of the County Commissioners and not to be issued until the road is built and trains running.

Talked about depot at Winfield by April 1, 1879; depot at Arkansas City by May 1, 1879.

After the matter had been arranged at Winfield, a committee composed of Mr. Millington, Mr. Reed, and Mr. Frank Williams, accompanied Mr. Bancroft to Arkansas City, where the matter was generally discussed in a public meeting, and afterwards agreed upon the committee appointed by the meeting.





"Big Injun, me!" A number of Cheyenne and Arrapahoe Indians, headed by "Little Robe," and accompanied by some under chiefs, came up from the Territory last week for supplies for the Agencies. Col. Miles, having recommended the feasibility of the Indians hauling their own supplies if furnished by the Government with teams, this is the first attempt at a practical demonstration. These Indians have not forgotten their old friend and trader, William Griffenstein, of our city. As soon as they reached the city, they flocked to his residence with presents, among which were ten fine buffalo ropes and a large bear rope. During their stay they made many purchases, noticeably 15 or 20 baby dolls of G. H. Herrington. They were delighted with the dolls ornamented with real hair, and would have no other kind. Nearly everyone of their forty teams were furnished with a new wagon and new set of harness before they left. Wichita Eagle.




The Indian war in Oregon and California is still active, but Gen. Howard in command of the U. S. troops is pursuing the Indians under Joseph and White Bird, and hopes to soon strike a blow which will make them sue for peace.




The corn is an assured thing.

A very heavy rain fell last Monday night.

Hon. C. R. Mitchell will visit Iowa soon for a few days on legal business.

The parties wrecked in the Shawkaska saved themselves from drowning by wading ashore.

CHARLES COOMBS, one of the employees of this office, expects to leave to attend school at Lewiston, Maine, this month.

DRURY LOGAN, who was lost in the Territory, has returrned. He followed a deer's track until night and then walked home.

DIPTHERIA among hogs has manifested itself in this vicinity. Geo. Whitney lost one hog last week. They seem to choke to death.

SALT CITY will have a drug store within the next ten days. It will be added to A. W. Berkey's stock of goods. It has been long needed.

MR. SHINNEMAN, a gentleman will known in this county, made us a call last week. He is a candidate for Sheriff, and favors the narrow gauge.

MR. MILLINGTON, of Winfield, will assume control of the Courier in about two weeks. It is promised that it will no longer be a journal to further personal interests.

Those horses and mules announced last week near Mr. Parvin's did not reach their destination until today, on account of some parties promising to meet the herd while on Bitter creek.


The advertisement of the furniture store and auction room appears this week. Mr. Chamberlain has a good stock of all kinds of parlor and kitchen furniture, and sells them reasonable. You can buy a coffin of him on thirty days' time. A coffin is a convenient thing sometimes to have around. We once knew a man who purchased a coffin and paid for its labor, and it lasted him seven years before he used it. It was not dead stock on his hands either, for he used it as a wardrobe in the daytime and slept in it at night. Besides furniture, Mr. Chamberlain has an auction every Saturday afternoon. If you have anything to sell, bring it in; or if you have any loafing time, go up to his room on Saturday and hear him talk.



Having purchased the interest of L. McLaughlin in the furniture store, I now offer for sale all kinds of furniture at railroad prices.

Coffins, Caskets & Burial Cases

constantly on hand and furnished on short notice, and 30 days' time given when required. An auction sale is held every Saturday afternoon. Parties having household furniture, farming implements, machines, or stock, can have them sold on reasonable terms.




The Sheriff of Appanoose county, Iowa, writes A. W. Patterson that it is an old trick of Marrihue's to escape officers, and that if Pat. gets hold of him again, to "freeze on to him like grim death to a dying nigger." He also states that he "caught his preacher out in Colorado." The preacher spoken of borrowed some money and a horse without the consent of the owner, and forgot to bring them back. He would not have taken the money, only it was right there, and he picked up a rope and did not notice a horse was on the end of it until he was some distance away. Marrihue, spoken of, went by the name of Scott in this vicinity, and lived on a claim in Sumner county with his "sister."


MARRIED. MR. WILL BERKEY and MISS BESSIE REEVES were married last week at Salt City, in the presence of several persons from this place and a number from the adjoining neighborhood. The fair bride did not forget the hungry printers during the feast of plenty, but sent in a supply of good things calculated to make the inner man happy.


SHOOTING SCRAPE. We learn that the blacksmith at Salt City and Wm. Berkey came very near having a shooting scrape last week. The blacksmith becomes very quarrelsome when he is intoxicated and has attempted to pick a quarrel with Mr. Berkey on several occasions, during which he has not only threatned his life, but said "he would shoot the first Berkey he could get his eyes on." That's pretty strong language in a country like this, especially when it is made against a peacable citizen.


OFF THE FERRY. A stranger drove on the ferry boat last week with a wagon and a woman sitting in the bottom of it. He had heard that the boat only went halfway across the river bed, and when the boat stopped in the middle of the stream a minute, he drove off. The horses went down almost out of sight, and the wagon sank until the woman's head was all that was out of water. She sat calmly in the bottom, however, until she reached the shore. It is hardly worthwhile to add she got wet.


Much sickness is brought on in many cases for want of pure water. Don't drink from the creeks if you can get water from a spring or well. Water that remains overnight in a sleeping room is apt to be impure. A scrap of sheet iron dropped in the bottom of the vessel will help to keep water pure.


RUNAWAY. Monday afternoon while Mrs. Mowry, little Charlie Milks, and Theodore, the darkey, were riding in a wagon with Milks' team attached, the horses took fright at the parasol and ran around Benedict's corner, upsetting the wagon box and throwing the passengers to the ground. Mrs. Mowry was considerably jarred, but the other two were but slightly injured. It was a narrow escape and might have been very serious.


MR. NEWMAN and HAYWOOD have been at Lawrence, looking after the letting of Indian contracts. We have not yet learned if they secured the award, but hope it will be let to someone that will buy the wheat in Cowley county. This year will be a risky one for wheat speculators. If the war continues in Europe, wheat will be high priced; if the war lags or ceases, it will be moderate. Parties bidding should figure on large margins.




The Sheriff of Deadwood has appealed to Governor Pennington, of Dacotah, for aid, saying that the Sioux Indians are massacreing miners through the Black Hills. The Governor could render no aid, but has authorized the Sheriff to organize two companies of militia, and telegraph Gen. Crook and the President for troops, which had gone east to quell the riots.




BE IT ORDAINED by the Mayor and Councilmen of the City of Arkansas City:

Sec. 1. That a tax of eight (8) milles on the dollar for general revenue purposes be levied and collected for the year

A. D. 1877, on all the real, mixed, and personal property within the limits of the City of Arkansas City, taxable according to the laws of the State of Kansas.

Sec. 2. That the above ordinance No. fifty-seven (57) be in force on and after its publication once in the Arkansas City TRAVELER.

H. D. KELLOGG, Mayor.

I. H. BONSALL, City Clerk.




Sealed proposals will be received at Salt City, Sumner county, Kansas, until August 15th, 1877, for the erection of a stone school house in School District No. 79, Bolton township, Cowley county, Kas. Plan and specification can be seen at the TRAVELER office in Arkansas City, and at the residence of W. E. Chenoweth, in the above named District. The board reserve the right to reject any or all bids. Bidders are requested to be present at the opening of the bids at 2 o'clock p.m. of August 15, 1877. Job to be paid for in cash when completed according to specifications.

A. M. SHURTZ, Director,


O. J. PALMER, Treasurer.

School District No. 79, Cowley Co., Kans.




San Francisco, Aug. 4. A press dispatch from Lewiston, Aug. 1st, says yesterday Indian Joe and his family, who have been with the people at Slate creek all through the Indian troubles, and proved true and faithful to the whites, returned from Kamiah, where he had been sent to ascertain the movements of the hostiles. His squaw says the Indians at Kamiah told they were going across the mountains by the Lolo trail with stock and families, and when they got them in a secure place, they would return and help fight the Indians.

She also states that before leaving Kamiah, they went to the friendly Indians camp and drove off all the young squaws, beat them with clubs, and forced them along like so many cattle. They also came back and robbed them of everything they could find and all their horses of any value. It is further stated that the hostiles are to be reinforced by other Indians from the other side of the mountains when they return.

Her statements are considered reliable by those who have known her. This morning Lieut. Wilmot, with 30 men, started to go across the Salmon river to ascertain if any hostiles remain there, it having been reported for several days that a few had been seen in that direction. The object is to hunt them out and destroy all supplies.

It is now believed by old acquaintances of Joseph that he will put away in safety his stores and extra horses, and return to Comas prairie, and returning by Elk City and Piete trails, which are much more easily traveled than Lolo. This trip can, with forced marches, be made in seven days. He has asserted his determination to burn the grain on Comas prairie and then arrange his plans to go to Wallowa, and the opinion is prevalent that he will attempt it.





[Boston Herald.]

Peanuts, or, as they are popularly known in the South, ground-nuts or goubers, grow in the ground, on the roots of the plant, exactly like potatoes. The stalk and leaves of the plant somewhat resembles clover, and to get the nuts when ripe, the plants are pulled out of the ground, the nuts adhering firmly to the roots. The greatest trouble with the ground-nuts is in picking them, which has to be done by hand, no machine having yet been invented to do the work, though it would seem as if such a machine in the shape of a coarse comb, might be easily invented. But labor is cheap in the places where they are grown, which are in the light sandy soils of Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina in this country.

Peanuts are also largely grown in Africa, India, Brazil, and other places. The best are raised in the valley of the Gambia, in Africa, and yield large quantities of oil. This product, when properly produced, is esteemed equal to olive oil; but is also used in woolen manufactures, in soap making, in lamps, and for lubricating machinery. Last year the crop in the United States was as follows: Tennessee, 235,000 bushels; Virginia, 450,000 bushels; North Carolina, 100,000.

The imports from Africa last year were 846,000 bushels, of which Boston imported 38,000 and New York 23,000. The average of the new crop this year is somewhat larger than that of last year, and the yield promises well, the nut being generally better filled and matured than for the past two years, and of finer quality.

The past year was marked by fewer changes than any former one; by a moderate but steady consumptive demand; by an absence of speculation, and by the small proportion of choice white nuts. Tennessee peanuts are put up in burlap bags of four or five bushels capacity, and are sold by the pound, the grades being respectively inferior, prime, choice, and fancy. The crop year begins October 1st and ends September 30th of the ensuing year. The new crop will come forward under very favorable auspices. The previous crop having been well sold up, stocks are light in the hands of commission merchants and dealers.




DIED. On Saturday morning, August 4, 1877, Robert T., only child of Wm. M. and Annie J. Allison: aged one month and twenty days.

We sympathize with our contemporary in his bereavement.


The Courier, of last week, comes out denouncing the action of the Republican Central Committee, of this county, for electing T. K. Johnson chairman of the Committee, and says it was a trick and a high handed outrage. If we were not aware that a personal quarrel existed between the present editor of the Courier and Mr. Johnson, we might give the matter further consideration, but knowing the truth of the matter, we can say it is an attempt of one man to make a party quarrel of his personal grievances. We repeat what we have many times said before, that this man cares nothing for the Republican party when it does not further his individual interests. He says "it was understood by the Committee that Mr. Chas. Eagin should be named as its chairman." ARTICLE GOES ON FURTHER...ONE CAN TELL THAT SCOTT IS BERATING E. C. MANNING AGAIN!


SCHOOL MEETING. A meeting of citizens congregated at the school house last Thursday afternoon, for the purpose of hearing the report of the school officers for the year past, and to make a levy for the support of the school the coming year. Dr. Kellogg, by virtue of his office, was legally Chairman, and T. H. McLaughlin, Secretary.

A resolution was then introduced condemning the School Board for making a change of school books, which was afterwards


A resolution was then carried instructing the Board not to employ any teacher as principal of the school unless he had a first class certificate, which called forth considerable discussion and personal remarks, ending in a very unpleasant wrangle.

The action of many people against the School Board reminds us of a story of an old man, his son, and a mule going to town one fine summer's day. The boy was riding the mule when they met a stranger, who shamed the boy for riding and causing his poor old father to walk. The boy then got off and let the father ride until another person was met, who growled at the old man for making his little boy walk. The old man and the boy both got on the animal then and rode in comfort until they met another man, who complained of the cruelty to the mule, remarking they should carry the animal rather than the animal should carry them. Their sympathies were excited and they bound the feet of the mule, put it across a pole, and were carrying it over a bridge, when the mule kicked and plunged and finally fell into the river and was drowned. Moral: In trying to please everyone, they damaged themselves and lost the mule.

There seems to be a disposition on the part of many to find fault with every teacher the schools have had at this place and with every member of the School Board. This disposition is growing every year. About a year ago a meeting was held that was a shame to the community, and the one the other day was little better than a row.

If the spirit manifested last Thursday continues, the result will eventually be no school at all. Many persons who complain have never visited the schools at all, and apparently take but little interest in anything but opposing the Board and teachers. If parents would visit the schools more frequently and make an effort to help the turors and the members of the Board, there would be less dissatisfaction, and the schools would prosper far better.




Bids for supplies for the Indians were opened at the Central Superintendency, Monday and contracts were awarded as follows.


Berry Bros. & Finney, Arkansas City, 2,700 bushels corn, 58 cents.

A. A. Newman, of Arkansas City, Kansas, 130,000 pounds at Pawnee Agency, Indian Territory, $3.15; 40,000 pounds at Kaw Agency, Indian Territory, $2.40.

Lawrence Journal.




HENRY PRUDEN purchased Joseph Hoyt's large bay team.

MR. CURRY lost a fine, large horse, last week, from snake bite.

The Walnut river was full from bank to bank again last week.

C. R. MITCHELL is now at Atsoka, Ill. He will return in two weeks.

The number of locomotives destroyed at the Pittsburgh riot was 102, and of freight cars 1,000.

MRS. GEORGE PLUMB, of Emporia, is visiting her parents, Mr. and Mrs. F. A. Cowles, near this place.

The M. E. church at Winfield was dedicated last Sunday. $2,500 was subscribed during the day to pay for its completion.


Notice the change in James Wilson's advertisement of dry goods, dress goods, and notions. He offers special inducements for everyone.


This is the New Cheap Store

That is so much talked about in this and Sumner County. Our small expenses enable us to sell CHEAP. The saving in the store Rent alone Pays More than the Freight; so that we guarantee to sell Our Goods as Low as any House West of the Mississippi River.

We keep only the BEST KIND OF GOODS, buy them in New York, and Sell for Cash.

Mrs. A. Wilson,

Dealer in Dry Goods, Read-Made Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Caps, and Fancy Goods Generally.

Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas.


CITY HOTEL. CHAS. S. THOMAS, of Winfield, at the City Hotel, extends a general invitation for all to give him a call. Try him.

REV. FLEMING returned last Saturday after an absence of three weeks visiting Solomon City.


The election to vote on the proposition of the

K. C., E. & S. railway proposition has been called for Sept. 18th. All who have the prosperity of Cowley county at heart will vote for the proposition.


The Vinita Herald, formerly Indian Herald, published at Osage Agency, says: Mrs. J. N. Florer, Mrs. J. L. Stubbs, Mrs. J. E. Finney, and others were thrown from a carriage last week.


GEORGE BEAVER, an Osage chief, sold a pony in Kansas the other day for $40 (and took part of his pay in whiskey). For the same pony he refused $60 in this place but a few days before.

Vinita Herald.



A slight change in the proprietorship of the Oxford Independent took place last week. J. L. Abbot purchased the interest of Mr. J. D. Kelly in the office, and will continue the publication as heretofore.


When you go to Winfield, stop at the Central Hotel. Major & Vance, proprietors, are hospitable gentlemen and know how to treat a fellow when they catch him away from home. Independent.


Apples, peaches, grapes, watermelons, and muskmelons for sale on the streets Monday. Peaches $1.25 per bushel, apples $2., grapes ten cents per pound, and melons ten to twenty cents each.


WILD PONIES. Pres. Walker and the editor made a purchase of thirteen wild Texan ponies last week, that never had a hand on them before they were caught in the corral back of the livery stable on Wednesday last. A large crowd gathered to see them caught, and as the lasso was thrown and a horse jerked on its back, yell after yell rent the air and the crowd gathered more and more, until the fence was lined with men and boys, and the back windows of business and private houses full of heads, with some even to the roof of the stable. It was wonderful to see the dexterity with which the Mexicans threw their lassos, and with what power they held the horses after caught. Once down the rope halter or "hackamo" was made in a few moments, placed on the head, and the frightened animal tied to a post. The animals reared and plunged until they became exhausted and conquered. They are not as a general rule vicious animals, and are soon tamed after the first fright is over. Two of them were placed in harness after a day's handling, and worked like old horses. Another was ridden without difficulty after being tied to a post a short time. Those who witnessed the catching of the animals declared it was as good as any circus they ever saw, but it was terrible cruel to the horses. The sight of so many men made the wild beasts frantic and they pulled and beat their heads far more than they would if caught on the prairie and led in. One fine gray mare pulled and fought to hard that she gave up and died the day following.


THE M. E. CHURCH. Rev. McCabe, of Chicago, and Rev. Kirby, of Wichita, made this place a visit Sunday evening for the purpose of preaching to the people and to raise $250 to complete the erection of the new brick church now almost finished.

The announcement was made previously that Rev. McCabe would preach, but in his place Rev. Kirby delivered the sermon, which was short, decisive, and well delivered. His sermon was one that almost any would have delighted to hear and full of information.

After many appeals $206 was raised. Some of it, however, was to be paid by hauling, some in work, and others in fruit trees, photographs, hogs, and hominy. From the amount of hogs subscribed, one would think the M. E. Society intended to engage in the stock business, but we believe they will endeavor to sell what they have for cash. The effort to have a church is surely commendable, although the means of obtaining the funds is at times laughable.


DURING the solicitation for monies, hauling, hogs, trees, photographs, and horses at the church Sunday evening, one man was heard to remark: "I'm but a stranger here," and then he added, "Heaven is my home, and I wish I was there now."


ONE of our worthy citizens was being urged by the eloquent Chaplain McCabe to give somewhat of his substance towards so praiseworthy an object; a respectful, but very decided shake of the head was not enough to rebuff the Reverend gentleman, who continued to expatiate on the christian grace of giving; and at length Rev. McCabe asked him: "Are you a Methodist?" "No." "Are you a Presbyterian?" "No." "What are you then?" The "worthy citizen" looked quietly up into the Chaplain's pleasant face and with a roguish look in his eye, said: "I am a harness maker."


FOR SHERIFF. The announcement of Leon Lippman appears this week, declaring himself a candidate for Sheriff of Cowley county, subject to the decision of the Republican County Nominating Convention. Mr. Lippman is an old resident of this county, and has many friends who will be glad of an opportunity to vote for him. A few years ago he came within three votes of receiving the nomination.


NEW MAIL ROUTE. A new mail route has been established between Eureka and this place, by the way of Grouse Creek post office, Lazette, Dexter, and Cabin Valley. Service to begin at once, and mail to be carried once a week; arriving at and leaving Arkansas City on Wednesday. It will give us communication with post offices that heretofore were difficult to reach.


CANDIDATE FOR SHERIFF. In another column the announcement of S. W. Chase, of Tisdale township, for the office of Sheriff of Cowley county. We like the manner of Mr. Chase in coming boldly forward to let the people know he is a candidate in time for them to learn who he is and all about him. He has a good reputation, is perfectly capable, and is not afraid to let everyone know it.


There are two parties living near this place by the names of Drake and Duck. Letters for either of them are placed in the "D." box, in the post office, and it requires some watching to see that Drake does not get Duck's mail. It would not be the first instance of a Drake getting a Duck's property, however.


That black eye of Wyard Gooch's was caused by a too sudden descent from an animated animal of Texan origin, to the earth's surface. Before he came down, he took a bird's eye view of the surroundings, and reports the air quite cool in the second current above the earth.


MR. WARE, of this place, was one of the lucky ones who drew a girl in the Kansas City Times's lottery. He don't know what to do with her now that he has her. Better trade her off for town lots or wild ponies.


FERRY TICKETS are sold at I. H. Bonsall's office. Single crossing on horseback two and one-half cents. Single crossing with wagon five cents. With four-horse team, ten cents. After sunset twenty-five cents.


Two half breeds of Osage Agency by the names of Kennedy and Shote, got into a quarrel about the delivery of 150 bushels of wheat, and resulted in Kennedy shooting and wounding Shote. Kennedy has been ordered to leave the Nation.


The house built by Mr. Chamberlain on Central Avenue, some years ago, has been moved to Summit street, between Kager's and Al. Horn's buildings. Mr. Welch had the contract for moving it. It is to be rented for a saloon by some parties now in Wichita.


The dedication of the M. E. Church at Winfield was largely attended by parties from Wichita and all parts of Cowley county. Many citizens from this place were in attendance. $2,500 was subscribed during the day, and two subscriptions were refused after the amount was raised because they were not needed.


INDIAN CONTRACTS. It will be seen by an article copied from the Lawrence Journal, that Berry Brothers & Finney, of this place have been awarded the contract for furnishing 2,700 bushels of corn, and A. A. Newman 130,000 pounds of flour, to be furnished at Pawnee Agency, and 40,000 pounds of flour at Kaw Agency.


The Normal Institute at Winfield will close on Wednesday, the 29th inst. An examination of applicants for teacher's certificates will be held on Thursday and Friday, Aug. 30th and 31st. Prof. Kellogg, of Emporia, R. C. Story, George W. Robinson, Miss Ela Wickersham are conducting the Normal, assisted by G. H. Buckman in instructions in vocal music.





Winfield may more appropriately be called "the hub" since she has two daily mails. The first connection of mail between this place and the Eldorado branch road was made last Monday. So Winfield now has two daily arrivals and departures of stage coaches.

The phase of railroad matters was completely changed in the last few weeks, say since the township bonds were defeated in Beaver.

The leading railroad builders of Winfield are now the most zealous workers for the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad project, while only a short time ago, they were the bitterest enemy the North and South road had. Winfield has concluded she had rather be a common station on the road than not be a station at all. We are glad Winfield and the "Sand Hills" have once more buried the hatchet, and hope it may prove permanently buried. So much for railroad matters.

Next in order is the Normal School, which convened Aug. 1st, with Prof. L. B. Kellogg, of Emporia, as Principal, you know. The school is composed of seventy-one students, fifty-four of which are ladies and seventeen gentlemen. Prof. Kellogg is assisted by Prof. Geo. H. Robinson, who conducts the grammar class, G. W. Buckman, who conducts the class in vocal music, Miss Wickershaw [? other article sez Wickersham ?], who conducts the geography recitation, and Superintendent Story. The managers of the school have shown unequalled skill in their respective branches and have gained the confidence and good wishes of every member of the school. Mr. Kellogg and Mr. Robinson deserve especial commendation for their services rendered the school. Mr. Buckman is also doing a good work in vocal music. Mr. Buckman is a thorough musician, and will undoubtedly advance the cause of music in our district schools.

I would suggest District Officers, who desire to employ teachers, to visit the Normal and select from the whole school such teachers as they think would best suit their respective schools. More anon. C. C. H.





I hereby announce myself as a candidate for the office of Sheriff of Cowley county, subject to the decision of the Republican Nominating Convention, the action of which I expect to cheerfully abide by. LEON LIPPMAN.



I hereby announce myself a candidate for Sheriff, subject to the decision of the Republican County Convention. S. W. CHASE.



CHAS. S. THOMAS, Prop'r.

This house is thoroughly first-class in all its appointments. Good sample rooms, and especial accommodations for traveling men.

Terms--$1.00 per day. Liberal arrangements made with regular boarders.

Live Stock Bought and Sold.


I WILL SELL fifteen yards of best standard prints for one dollar, and twelve yards of Merrimac for the same.



LAST CALL. Persons due P. H. Woodard are notifed that their accounts will be sued upon as work and labor debts unless settled at once. BERRY BROS. Consignees.


GRAPES. Any one wanting grapes can get them by the pound or hundred pounds by leaving orders at R. A. Houghton's grocery store, or by calling on me at the Max Fawcet farm.





The following are the teachers attending the Cowley County Normal.

Winfield. Misses Ella C. Davis, Mary Pontious, Fannie Pontious, Minca C. Johnson, Alice Pyburn, Lusetta Pyburn, Mattie E. Minihan, Lissie Summers, Mattie E. Walters, Rachel E. Nauman, Allie Klingman, Alice A. Aldrich, Genie Holmes, Ella E. Scott, Ella Hunt, Ella Wickersham, Emma Saint, Molly Bryant, Ella Freeland, Maggie Stansburry, Amy Robertson, Lizzie Kinnie, Sarah Hodges, Hennie Hane, Sallie Levering, Effie Randall, Sarah E. Davis, Ina Daniels; Messrs. O. S. Record, Frank Starwalt, M. H. Marcum, J. D. Hunt, J. A. Rupp, C. C. Holland, J. B. Freeland, N. N. Winton, A. B. Taylor.


Arkansas City. Misses Lizzie Landis, Mattie F. Mitchell, Ella Grimes, Albertine Maxwell, Belle Birdzell, Flora Finley, Kate Hawkins, Stella Burnett, Mary A. Pickett, Tillie Kennedy, Anna O. Wright; Messrs. B. F. Maricle, E. R. Thompson, J. F. Hess.

Dexter. Misses Alpha Hardin, Viola Hardin, Sarah J. Hoyt; Rettie Lanis; Mr. T. J. Bood.

Tisdale. Misses Gertrude Davis, Sarah Davis.

Cedarvale. Miss Martha Thompson; Mr. S. T. Beckett.

Oxford. Miss Veva Walton.

New Salem. Miss Sallie Bovee.

Red Bud. Mrs. Belle Seibert; Mr. H. S. Bash.

Lazette. Miss Kate Fitzgerald.




The New Commissioner Districts.

Some townships having been created since the last division of this county into commissioner districts, it became necessary to re-district the county, which the commissioners proceeded to do at their last session, as follows. At the next election, district number one elects a commissioner to serve for one year, district number two for two years, and district number three for three years.

District No. 1. Winfield, population, 1,444; Rock, 737; Maple, 408; Nenescah, 341; Vernon, 593, Beaver, 477. Total: 4,000.

District No. 2. Bolton, population, 731; Creswell, 1,052; Pleasant Valley, 435; Liberty, 425; Silverdale, 405; Spring Creek, 223; Cedar, 275; Otter, 527. Total: 4,071.

District No. 3. Dexter, population, 616; Tisdale, 503; Sheridan, 373; Windsor, ___; Silver Creek, 338; Richland, 710; Omnia, 188; Harvey, 341. Total: 3,651.







Scalp Raising.


Dr. W. McKay Dougan:

I found so much work awaiting me here, that it has been impossible to fulfill my promise sooner. However, the facts connected with the meeting of Alexander, Broome, and Walton, with a party of Osages, on Gray Horse Creek, June 19th, are as


Upon approaching the creek, they were startled by yells and running horses from the rear, and were at once surrounded by a dozen Indians, who were mounted, armed, and painted.

They produced a trade dollar of Dunlap & Florer's, and from signs made the whites understand that they wanted to trade it for hair. It was thought best to comply, under the circumstances, and Harry Broome, for and in consideration of the dollar check, allowed them to cut from his head a lock of hair.

The Indians were now satisfied and left while the whites crossed the creek and stopped for dinner. While in camp they discovered an Indian on a bluff in the distance, who seemed to be signalling someone on the opposite side of the stream, and as they were about resuming their journey, they were again approached by Indians; this time three in number. This party was unarmed, and one of the number spoke tolerable good English. They were talkative and said a large party of Osages were mourning the death of a chief. They also stated that they were poor and had no money, but that they, too, wanted some hair, so that they could have a dance that evening. Broome was asked to furnish the article.

They objected to Alexander's hair upon the ground that it bore too close a resemblance to the hair of the horse and Walton was in no trouble as his hair was too short to admit of a close cut. I have written a faithful account of the affair as detailed to me by one of the party, in whose word I place implicit


Very cordially,



Indians have sins enough of their own to answer for without being with those committed by the whites. The border white man, or plainsman, knows better than to receive money from Indians as an excuse for supplying them with hair and getting an opportunity to make impressions that are both false and damaging.

On his return to Pawnee, Harry Broome stated that he had been scalped by a mourning party of Osages, and then to put it beyond question, he exhibited the localities which had been shorn in accordaince with his own will, at his own instance, for pay, and also for the vile purpose of setting a mark of disgrace upon the very people whose friendship he covets.

Old Mrs. Gossip was among the first to see how the young man's head had been skinned, and heard him say (as she went off into an hysterical tantrum) that it was done by a murderous band of mourning Osages, and the world was then on wheels. Broome went to Canaville, Kansas, and made a similar statement of his hairbreadth escape from death at the hands of Indians on the war path. Old men who had been neighbors with Indians for half a century, and must soon go to their graves, leaving behind them no prospect of sensational inscriptions for their funeral monuments, felt aggrieved to think that the obscurity of their lives had been the decree of fate; yet, everybody pitied poor Broome, and were full of doubt and curiosity as to how he felt as he set under the scalping knife of a wild Osage.

And as we have seen him passing each week, carrying the U. S. mail over the same route, nobody knows how we have wished we could have been brave and distinguished like him. We have admired the manner in which people approach and address him; we have courted and even stared at him until now, Stacy Matlack, the Pawnee (Indian) trader, says that Broome sold his hair to the Indians, and we learn that he was never scalped at all!

Two or three times a year we read of brutal murders and robberies of white settlers on the frontier by the Indians. And until the present Indian policy is perfected (instead of being abolished) and a provision is made for the care of the reckless whites, will the loss of life and the destruction of property in the future as in the past occasionally be cut. In nature prone to evil the hot blood of overbearing whites will continue to boil over in the way long familiar to the Indians.

Whites have taken but little pains to instill into the hearts of the Indians a feeling of confidence, but on the contrary, they have always tried to perpetuate the feeling of bitterness and distrust that exists between the two races.

There are now about two hundred and fifty thousand Indians in the territory of the United States, and they know and keenly feel their inability to cope with a nation numbering more than forty millions in the struggle for existence.

This emboldens bad white men to the commission of murder, treachery, and theft upon the persons and property of Indians. How then can it be wondered at that they do sometimes retaliate? They are not, today, accountable for the many blood conflicts that grew out of encroachment upon the rights of their ancestors by whites in years long gone by; nor are they answerable for the insatiable desire of the whites to pervert their innocent, devote, and ancient ceremonies into acts of bloodshed and rapine.

Vinita Herald.





The election in district sixty-two passed off quietly. We did not hear of any betting on the result.

4 p.m.: The returning board have counted in the new officials at this time. A gentleman came up to the school house and said he was going to "bust" the election. I was at the polls until about sundown, but did not see any "bustin'."

6 p.m.: Everything quiet; the police cleared the streets of all disorderly characters. All is well. Another election has passed, and the nation is safe.

In the political horizon objects can be seen flitting about--dimly at first--but seen distinctly after looking the matter up a little. We have heard of 900--I meant nine--candidates for sheriff. Ceaser! If they all receive a tie vote, what a time the commissioners will have.

Politicians are (some of them) brilliant, profound, far-seeing--everything but honest. It is strange that a man cannot obtain an office without being "pumped," and without having a few "feelers" thrown out to see if he is the "right stripe" to be allowed on the inside track.

But I did not intend for this to be a political letter, so I will lay the dirty thing down for awhile, to pick up at another time; for I think that "He who fights and runs away, will live to fight another day." For that reason I will resume in the near future, and because I think too that politics can be made as clean a thing as anything else, by discarding all those slimy, tricky, shystering "bats," who make politics a setting cesspot of corruption.

I am going on the war path this fall. They had better "look a leetle oud." I have my tomahawk, spear, hatchet, and bow; I will purge the threshing floor of its chaff. Let them beware. I will close by saying I am after them.





Some papers in the Southwest are trying to make capital out of the fact that a charter was filed, the first week in July, for a K. C. E. & S. R. R. The facts in the case are these: The charter for the original K. C. E. & S. R. R. Co., was filed in February, providing for a road from Kansas City, via Emporia and Eureka to the South line of the State at, or near Arkansas City. This charter, and this company yet remain intact. The charter filed in July was for the purpose of building the branch through Sumner county--not included in the original charter. There has been no "bust up," no unpleasantness, no change of plans--except as to Sumner, all things are lovely and the goose hangs altitudium. It don't look so bad after all, does it boys?

Wellington Democrat.




Comanches want a smoke with the Osages, and the Osages have invited them to their Agency.


Washington, Aug. 1. In accordance with a request of Gen. Crook that a delegation of Sioux be permitted to visit this city for the purpose of having an interview with the officers of the Interior Department, Commissioner Smith, today, after a consultation with Secretary Schurz telegraphed Gen. Crook, giving the required permission.


In the Black Hills greenbacks are worth eleven dollars more a hundred than gold dust.




E. C. Manning No Longer Courier Owner.

The proprietorship of the Winfield Courier changed from E. C. Manning to D. A. Millington, last week. Kelley retains a one-third interest, and the other two-thirds are owned by its present editor, Mr. Millington, and Mr. A. B. Lemmon. It is promised the paper shall be conducted in the interests of the Republican party and Cowley county generally, and shall not know or recognize any clique or faction. The Courier is a good paper, and all will delight to see it free from the personal abuse and quarrels heretofore characteristic of it.


Bolton Township Turns Down Bridge Repairs Cost.

The proposition to vote $2,000 to repair the bridge across the Arkansas by Bolton township, was defeated by thirty-one votes, on last Saturday. The vote of East Bolton was 32 for the bonds and 7 against. West Bolton polled 7 for the bonds and 63 against.

There is some talk now of uniting a proposition with the railroad company to build a wagon bridge with the railroad bridge. For temporary purposes an apron or inclined platform could be attached to the remaining part of the bridge, that would save half the fording of the river and make it so that it could be crossed during high water.


An attempt is being made to beat Sumner county out of a railroad by means of an injunction. It won't work. If the injunction is granted, the people will vote the required and by double the former majority, and the road will be built just as sure as fate, and that spedily. The K. C., E. & S. R. R. will be the first road to reach that rich and prosperous county. Mark the prediction. Register.


The following named ministers were present, and took part in the dedication of the M. E. Church building, on Sabbath, at Winfield: Revs. Dr. Pomeroy, A. H. Walter--P. E.; H. J. Walker, Wellington; J. W. Stewart, Oxford; W. H. McCarney, Dexter; J. W. Long, Tisdale; J. P. Harsen, and Jno. Kirby, Wichita; J. E. Platter and P. Lahr, Winfield; J. E. Fox, Hutchinson; C. C. McCabe, D. D.; B. C. Swarz, Arkansas City; E. Nance, Maple City.





Old friend--I am truly pleased to hear from you, and to find that you are still in the land of the living. Your discovery of my whereabouts is somewhat romantic. I hardly supposed any of my old friends would find me out, away here on the border of the Indian Territory, the south line of the State; but it is hard for a man to get out of reach in this country, so that he cannot be found out, if he has done any deviltry (unless he is a Bender). I had lost sight of you entirely, not having been in in Missouri since the war, and not much then except passing through.

But I am pleased to hear that yourself, wife, and family are all well as this leaves me and mine.

I am not as fortunate as you are, I have no boys--never had a boy-nor none married, so that I have not even a son-in-law, nor de facto.

But to business. Doctor, I hardly know what to say, as I am not sufficiently informed of how you are situated or what kind of a location would suit you, etc. Whether you want to make stock raising the principal business or main idea, or only incidental to your practice, all that I can say is that in my judgment Cowley county is by nature and locality, one of the best counties in the State.

The crops are generally good. Wheat has for the past five or six years been the great crop, but for the last two years, it has not proved as abundant as formerly. This season and last has produced the most abundant corn crop. Oats this season have been extraordinarily good, last year they were a failure. But like all new countries, money is very scarce and times dull. Things go very slow, but this is the case in all strictly farming communities. Kansas is no exception to the rule. Our farmers are terribly in debt. This county, as you are doubtless aware, was formed out of a part of what was the OSAGE INDIAN RESERVE, and when opened to settlement, seven years ago, all the poor men, poor devils, and poor farmers in the land flocked in to take claims. The consequence was they had no money to pay for it when the land came into market. They had to borrow of the shylocks, who also smelt the carrion afar off, and came also to loan money at from thirty to sixty percent, per annum interest. This debt has never entirely been removed, although many changes have taken place. Old notes have been renewed, interest paid on it, but still there is the same old debt. Then our people run wild about agricultural implements and machinery. Every new thing that comes along that eases labor and can be bought on credit, they buy. This is another curse by way of indebtedness that hangs over our community, although it will prove a blessing to the great mass of consumers around us, but ruin to the few that are involved in buying.

I send you a little map of the county, so that you can see the location of the various towns, streams, etc., giving you much information that you wanted to know about. I also send you a copy of the TRAVELER, published in our town, that will give you much information. You had better send $1 and take it six months. It is a live paper for a village newspaper, gives you just such information as emigrants desire.

P. S. We are well supplied with M. D.'s. We have the scriptural number--seven of them--and but little sickness, except the usual concomitant of the Western States, chills and fever. We have no malignant diseases in this locality.

If you think of locating in this part of Kansas, first come and see for yourself. We have no railroad at present nearer than sixty miles, but a good prospect for one from Kansas City, via Emporia, to this place, in the next twelve or eighteen months. The distance is now traversed by stage, daily--fare $5. This is a fair country to look upon, and as good as it is fair. We have a delightful climate. Good society for a new country--much better than usual. People from every State in the Union, with the cream of her Majesty's subjects from Canada.

Our kind regards to all.

Your old friend,





The Indian War in the Northwest, which for some time has been smouldering, has broken out with fresh vigor. The telegraph reports one of the hardest Indian fights on record, which occurred on the 8th inst., in Northern Montana, between United States troops and citizen volunteers under Gen. Gibbon, and the Nez Perces, of whom they were in pursuit. The troops were not victorious. Gen. Gibbon was wounded, and Capt. Logan and Lieut. Bradley were killed. One-half of the command, it is thought, were either killed or wounded. The soldiers were cut off from their supplies, and lost all their horses, a howitzer, ammunition, etc. It is estimated that 100 Indians were killed during the fight, which lasted all day.




The Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad.

Now that the above road has become a fixed fact, and work is being pushed with all possible speed, it may be well to examine the influence this road will have upon this city and county.

We will premise by saying that this will be a PEOPLE'S ROAD. The company fully realize the fact that their best interests, and the interests of the communities through which the road runs, are identical. They do not build this road in order to make the largest amount possible out of its construction, but to own and control a well constructed, well equipped property, which can be operated at the minimum expense, and therefore be able to do the business of the country at a low rate and at the same time make money for themselves.

The construction and operation of this road from this city to the Southwest, will probably for a short time, interfere with some kinds of trade in this city, as the goods which are now sent out by wagon, will be taken by rail. But as soon as the Eastern end is completed, and connections made with Kansas City, then we shall realize the benefits which the friends of the enterprise have so long and so earnestly contended for.

The principal benefit to the county at large will be an immediate rise in the price of all products which are exported, by just the amount the freight on those exports is reduced. It will also proportionally decrease the costs of imports, which are so largely consumed by the people of the county. Indirectly the whole county will profit by the stimulation of production, by reason of its increased profit; and also by the large amount of new land, cultivated by new men, BECAUSE of its nearness to the best inland market in the State.


In our opinion, it will turn the scale in favor of enduring prosperity for this whole community, and for the rich empire of the Southwest, whose energies have so long been repressed by reason of their isolated and independent position.

Bancroft's Emporia Register.




WINFIELD, KANSAS, August 18, 1877.


In looking over the last issue of the Courier, I am constrained to remark, "How art the mighty fallen." The columns of that paper teem with evidences of decay, and the editor thereof is evidently in a bad way. The once arogant autocrat of the politics of Cowley county has degenerated into a sick "chicken," professing to be a great politician, and if we are to believe his own assurances, a very shrewd, if not an honest man. He is compelled at last to step down and out, not only from the editorship of that paper, but from his pretended leadership of the Republican party.

"Oh! what a fall" from an ambitious seeker after office (he having been defeated at every corner and turn made by him), he will step at once from his editorial sanctum and ambitious pretenses into the obscurity and privacy that will refuse to give him up, and from now henceforth his obnoxious and unsavory presence will be felt no more, and men will take his place as managers of that paper who, if they will, have the power to so conduct it that it will not as now be necessary to carry it out of our homes with a pair of tongs.

The Republicans of Winfield have long felt the need of a home paper devoted to their interests, and edited by men of character, who will scorn to use the columns of such a paper to perpetrate their quarrels and rascalities; a paper in fact, whose influence will be felt, and whose editorials will not smell so loud of corruption, venality, and rascality.

Will the new management raise above petty spite, and malice; and as honorable men, deal fairly with those in the party who dare to differ with them? If they will, they will build up a prosperous paper, and the coyote who has so long misrepresented, abused, and vilified some of the best men in the party, will sink into oblivion; no more to offend the public with his indecent presence.

With the advocate of railroads and immigration, will come good feeling and reconciliation among our people, and a better understanding among us will prevail, and the exhibition of petty spite and meanness so long evidenced by the Courier, will pass away and be forgotten along with their author.

Farewell, Manning. You have served the purposes of the Almighty, buzzard like, and we have no more use for you. Disgusting to your friends that were, contemptible in the sight of those whom you have tried in injure, obnoxious in the sight of respectable people. We haste with you with pleasure and will remember you only for your many petty meanness.

"Et, tre Brute!"






Friend Scott:

The Northern Cheyennes, numbering about one thousand, arrived here on the third instant, from the Black Hills country. They have been on the road since the 29th of May. They say they are well satisfied with this country, and intend to stay.

General McKinzie relieved them of twenty ponies, which did not belong to them rightfully.

Everything is quiet as usual along the trail. There is occasionally a little strike down here, but instead of being for higher wages, it is generally for horse and mules.

Yours muchly,






The dedication of the New M. E. Church, at Winfield, last Sabbath, was a grand occasion. Services were conducted throughout the entire day. Revs. Kirby, Harsen, and McCabe, and presiding Elder Walters, Mrs. Kirby, Mrs. Lane, Col. Lewis, Col. T. M. Lane, and probably others, went from Wichita.

The edifice cost between $7,000 and $8,000, and at the opening services was $2,700 in debt. At half past eleven o'clock at night, when the services were closed, every cent of indebtedness had been provided for. The church is the finest in Southern Kansas. Eagle.




L. Lippman has the contract for furnishing 24,000 feet of native lumber for the two Winfield bridges. They are to be completed in sixty or ninety days.




SEVERAL persons attempted to ford the Arkansas river last Sunday, while coming from the basket picnic near Gassoway's. One team stuck in the sand, and the driver, a modest farmer living east of the Walnut, was compelled to take his clothes off in presence of a wagon full of ladies, and get into the water to help the team out. It was rather tough work for the man, but fun for the balance of the company.




Still They Come.

The following letter explains itself. It is only one of a half dozen that we receive almost every day. When the railroad bonds are voted, they will be coming in by the thousands.

KINSEY, YELL CO., ARK., August 11, 1877.

Postmaster, Arkansas City:

Dear sir: I thus address you, wishing to know something about your locality. I think I would like your locality. I came from Indiana last spring, to the "Garden of the Southwest," viz: Arkansas, which I find about as poor as "Job's turkey"--would like to leave it. What is land worth with you? Is there any vacant land or claims that can be bought? What kind of land is it there? How is everything?

I am a first-class farmer and school teacher--am teaching at present. Am a young man (with wife and child). Please answer my questions, or if you cannot, please hand it to someone who will, and not throw it aside, and you will much oblige



Land is worth from $10 to $40 per acre, but is sold at from $2 to $10. There are yet vacant claims to be had by settling upon them, and paying the Government $1.25 per acre under the pre-emption law of Kansas. Everything is lovely here. Good crops, refreshing showers, young fruit trees yielding abundantly, the railroad coming, and we are all fat and happy. Come and see us.


Here's Another.

BROMSTORE, IOWA, Aug. 15th, 1877.

P. M., Arkansas City:

DEAR SIR: How many drug stores have you in your town, and are they good ones? Is there business for another good one? Can there be a room rented and a house to live in? W. W. QUITZLEY.

By reference to the advertising columns of the TRAVELER, you will see that we have three enterprising druggists. But "there is room for millions more" as soon as the railroad reaches us. We have no empty houses, and if you come, you will have to build one, as every other person does.




BUSINESS lively in town Saturday.

No. 2 wheat is selling at $1.00 per bushel in Wichita.

BUFFALO are within a day's travel of Cheyenne Agency.

Choice Arkansas apples are selling in market at $1.50 per bushel.

THREE MEN STOLE CHARLES GALLERT'S BOAT and went down the Arkansas river.

A very heavy rain fell last Thursday, accompanied by thunder and lightning.

The M. E. church building was damaged by wind or lightning last Thursday.

W. S. PACKARD and WILL. GRAY supply the Winfield and Arkansa City markets with grapes.

The ferry boat has been moved south of town, to where the bridge formerly was, and is much easier to get to it.

ANOTHER BOAT from Hutchinson is making a trip down the Arkansas. It was anchored at the bridge last Sunday.



DIED, of fever, on Friday, August 17th, a child of Mr. and Mrs. James Harmon. Aged three months. It was buried on


The herd of 400 mules, stopping about seven miles from this place, in the Territory, will move on to Missouri this week. Mr. Steen, of Texas, is the owner.

CHARLES CLINE has purchased the barber implements of Thomas Baker and is shaving all who give him a chance. He has had experience and gives a good shave.

SHERIFF WALKER and Hon. W. P. Hackney, made us a call last week. They are out for George Walker for Sheriff first, last, all the time, and forever more.

A BASKET MEETING was held near Mr. Gassoway's, in Bolton township, last Sunday, and was generally attended. Mr. Gans and Erwin performed the religious exercises.

DANIEL BACON, the man who killed a blacksnake six feet and ten inches in circumference, according to the Cedar Vale Blade, offers his farm for sale. We don't wonder he wants to leave after telling such a tale.

WILTON R. TURNER, a well known surveyor of Leavenworth, committed suicide in this city by taking poison. Cause, poverty.

It is thought this is the Will. Turner, formerly of this place, employed on the survey of the Indian Territory.

Before a month we shall know whether Cowley county is to have a railroad or not. The election is called for Tuesday, September 18th. Arrange your work so that you can be at the polls on that great day of Cowley's freedom.

MR. COLT, of St. Louis, and ED. FENLON, of Leavenworth, were in town Sunday. Mr. Fenlon is an extensive Government freighter and supply contractor, and came here to see about purchasing his flour at this place.


A PARTY consisting of Messrs. Sparkman, Condit, and their families were engaged in gathering plums near the Osage Agency week before last when they encountered a "morning party" of Osages, numbering over fifty warriors, armed with guns, revolvers, knives, and tomahawks. The chief mourners being attracted by the superior physique of Mr. Sparkman, demanded hair, in terms that a smaller man would have found it difficult to refuse. But so strongly impressed was Mr. Sparkman that hair meant hide, and that these poor bereaved people were accustomed to dressing their skins with hair on, that he entered a protest against the rites and ceremonies of such an expensive funeral; whereupon the "big injun" proposed to reduce him to the height of a common man, by going below the ears, for the poll tax must be paid. Happily a compromise was effected by Mr. Sparkman and his son, both contributing of their choicest locks to the solemn occasion.


Mr. Daniel Bacon killed a snake last Sunday, which measured six feet and ten inches in circumference. It was a species of the black snake.

The above is taken from the Cedar Vale Blade, published by Sam. Jarvis, formerly of this county. Sam. has been in the newspaper business less than a year, and yet we can hardly believe it when we read the above. We have heard of snake stories and big snakes, but my kingdom, Sam., do have some little regard for the profession of which you are a member; the church you cling to and your posterity in future. Do think it over and for your own sake, our sake, and the sake of Chautauqua county, do take it back, and say you meant in length rather than



KELLOGG & HOYT'S AD. It is hardly necessary to call attention to the advertisement of Kellogg & Hoyt this week, as it is the first thing noticed in opening the paper. This firm has engaged in the manufacturer of medicines, and are now offering fresher, purer, and better remedies than can be purchased anywhere abroad. The sale of their own preparations has been so extensive that they now have to manufacture for themselves. Call in and see them, price them, and try a bottle.




We represent above the "audible smile" of some of our Bolton friends over the result of the late election. A bottle of our


put up expressly for us, will produce the same "broad grin," they are so pleasant to take. Try them.

Are you troubled with the "ague?" If so, a bottle or two of our PERUVIAN AGUE CURE

will cure you. At least it would appear so, from these "photographs from life."

#2 MAN READING ITEM SAYING "I take Kellog & Hoyt's Peruvian Ague Cure."....

#3 MAN WITH DOWNCAST LOOK...CAPTION: "I don't, bad luck to me."

We take great pleasure in presenting to our patrons this admirable preparation for the "chills and fever." Each bottle contains full directions for taking, together with the name and amount of each ingredient. No arsenic, or other deleterious drug. Warranted pure and of full strength. Try it! Only 75 cents a bottle.


This old lady is evidently in a hurry! Behold her animated countenance! With what eagerness doth she extend her indexical digit! Why is this thusly? Incline thine ear, my friend--she is "going for" a bottle of our new


for the baby. She has learned by experience the inestimable value of the Drops for children. No opium; pleasant to take. Far better than Mrs. Winslow's, and only two-thirds the price.

Try, try, try.

Below we give a partial list of our


Kellogg & Hoyt's

Plant Bitters; a pleasant tonic and appetizer.

Santonine Lozenges; a safe and sure Vermifuge.

Peruvian Ague Cure; sure cure for "chills."

Compund Ex't of Buchu.

Blackberry Cordial; for Summer Complaints, etc.

Conc't Ess. Ginger; Stimulant and Carminative.

Ceylon Stove Polish; powdered in boxes ready for use.

Sewing Machine Oil, Strictly pure, only 15 cents a bottle.

Charm of Beauty for the complexion.

Wild Cherry Pectoral wines for Coughs, Colds, etc.

Medicated Soaps,

Co. Syr. Sarsap, and Potassium,

Catarrh Snuff,

Anise Soothing Drops,

Improved Cathartic Pills,

etc., etc., etc.

These preparations are put up only by us, and are warranted pure. Each and every package contains full directions for using, and a formula giving the common name and amount of each drug used in the preparation, so that every person using the medicines knows exactly what he is taking, and can safely rely upon their purity and strength.

In addition to the above, we keep constantly on hand a full line of Drugs, Medicines, Paints, Oils, Glass, Notions, Stationery, School Books, Lamps, Lanterns, Toilet Articles, etc., etc.

Don't forget the place.

"People's Drug Store," opposite City Hotel.

KELLOG & HOYT, Proprietors.

Arkansas City, Kans., Aug. 1877.



NEW HARNESS SHOP. The new building just erected by Parker & Campfield, opposite the Central Hotel, was built for Mr. James Dodwell, who the Eldorado Times claimed would never leave the terminus of a railroad to get ahead of a road. Nevertheless, he is here, and this is his property. When he first came here, he was told he could not get a room for his business, but like a true Kansan, he has erected one, and determined to become a citizen among us.


The announcement of George Walker, of Vernon township, for the office of Sheriff, appears in another column. Mr. Walker has acted in the capacity of deputy sheriff for several years, and has a thorough knowledge of the duties of the office. Throughout the county and at his home, he is a very popular man, and will be one of the strongest candidates before the Convention. His brother, "Dick," is the best Sheriff Cowley county ever had, and one of the best in the State.


Mr. T. K. Johnson, Chairman of the Republican Central Committee of this county, with his amiable wife, and Mr. S. C. Smith, paid this place a visit last Sunday. Mr. James Simpson, Charles McIntire, Mr. Devere, and Mr. Stewart were also here. Mr. Johnson is fast becoming one of the most popular men of the county.


SINCE THE FERRY has been moved from the west to the south of town, many persons, especially those of east Bolton, express themselves well pleased. We crossed on it last Sunday and found that less than half the distance over sand has to be traveled. If an inclined platform was built to the remaining part of the bridge now, it would help it a great deal more.


The grading machines of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad, is at work throwing dirt equivalent to 600 men's labor, and is coming right along. One of the Directors assures us that we can have the road a year before the contract time if everything moves on harmoniously and without interruption by high water or other drawbacks.


NO BARBER. THOMAS BAKER, our barber, expects to leave for Cincinnati soon, to put himself under the care of the U. S. hospital at that place, where he will receive medical treatment, boarding and clothing at the Government's expense. He has been failing in health very much lately.


PAW-NE-NO-PASHA, Governor Joe, of the Big Hill Osages, sends a communication to the Cedar Vale Blade, telling a long tale of how the poor Osages are treated. Ah! Joseph, you are a cunning man, but Agent Beede has charge, and his ways are different from the Agent you partially controlled by fear.


C. S. THOMAS, of Winfield, and R. H. Beardslee, late of Waldron, Illinois, are erecting a water power grist mill, with three run of burrs, on the Grouse, near Silverdale. The size of the building is 36 x 40. The gentlemen are experienced millers.


If anyone has a reasonable argument against the voting of bonds to the narrow gauge railway, we should like to hear from them. The matter has been so thoroughly discussed heretofore that we believe a large majority will vote it.


INDIANS report the country south of Salt Plains black with buffalo.


The Annual Fair of the Lyon County Agricultural Society, will be held on their grounds near this city, from the 4th to the 7th of September, inclusive.




$50 LOST. On Saturday, Aug. 18th, between Cleardale and Arkansas City, I lost my pocket-book, containing $53.35, also a note of $30. I will give $10 reward to the party returning the same to this office. FRANK FINNEY, Lawrence, Kas.


GUNSMITH. You will find me at C. R. Sipes' store ready at all times to repair guns, sewing machines, door locks, file saws, and will do all kinds of machine work. Have had thirty years experience. JOHN R. BUB.


TEACHER WANTED at the Coburn School House, Dist. No. 62; salary 30 to 35 dollars per month for 6 months. Apply immediately to Abe Mann or R. Rector, near Grouse creek.


NOTICE. All parties knowing themselves indebted to the old Democrat firm for subscription or advertising, will please call immediately at Hackney & McDonald's Law Office and settle up, and thereby save cost and trouble. I need the money and must have it. C. M. McINTIRE.


SECOND HAND two seated spring wagon for sale. Inquire of



LAND FOR NOTHING. 80 acres 2-1/2 miles south of Arkansas City, 12 acres broke, living water the year round; for $225, part on time. Inquire of A. Nelson.





I hereby announce myself a candidate for Sheriff, subject to the decision of the Republican County Convention.




I hereby announce myself as a candidate for the office of Sheriff of Cowley county, subject to the decision of the Republican Nominating Convention, the action of which I expect to cheerfully abide.




I hereby announce myself as a candidate for the office of Sheriff of Cowley county, subject to the decision of the Republican convention, and ask a fair and impartial consideration at the hands of the people.

A. T. SHENNEMAN, Vernon Township.


To the Republicans of Cowley Co.

I am a candidate for the office of Sheriff of this county, and shall submit my name to the Republican Convention to be held on the 22nd day of September. Some of my opponents have circulated a report that I am a Democrat. I have always been a Republican and voted the Republican ticket. I shall abide the decision of the Republican Convention, and support its nominees.




The bell for the school house was brought in on Monday morning, just in time to ring for the defeat of the Bolton bridge proposition. It cost $120 and weighs 309 pounds. Arkansas City now has three bells.


WHEAT. DAVID BRIGHT left us some very fine looking wheat raised by himself on his farm on the Arkansas. It does not weigh as heavy as it should however. One pint weighed three-quarters of a pound.



MR. SKINNER was in town yesterday worrying candidates.


REMEMBER the 18th of next month, and vote for a railroad into Cowley county.


We are indebted to James M. Smaple for the returns of the bridge bond election in Bolton township.


BUB has opened a gunsmith's shop in with C. R. Sipes, and will repair all the shooting irons left with him.


We have been complimented with a ticket to the Neosho Valley District Fair, to be held at Neosho Falls, Sept. 24th to 28th.


The businessmen of the west side of Central Avenue have challenged the east side to play a game of base ball on Thursday, tomorrow.


NEW harness shop, new gunsmith shop, and a medicine manufactory all started in Arkansas City within the last week. The railroad is coming and everybody is getting ready for it.


$50 LOST. FRANK FINNEY, traveling for Himoe & Co., of Lawrence, lost his pocket book containing $53 in money and a note of $30, between Cleardale post office in Sumner County, and Arkansas City, on Saturday last.


RIDING WILD PONIES continues to afford considerable amusement for our citizens. We noticed a black spot in the clouds yesterday morning, and afterwards heard a heavy thump on the ground. A rush was made to the spot and the substance proved to be an American citizen of African descent who had mounted a pony.


CHARLEY COOMBS, who has been employed in this office for the past two years, took his departure for Maine this morning, for the purpose of attending school for one year. Charley has been a faithful hand with us, and learned "the art of all arts" very rapidly for one so young. After his school term, he expects to come back and finish his apprenticeship.

Arkansas City Traveler, August 22, 1877.

A. T. SHENNEMAN made us a call yesterday and left his announcement as a candidate for sheriff with us. Among the many candidates for the office, a good sheriff should be chosen. If Mr. Shenneman is the choice of the Nominating Convention, we shall take great pleasure in doing our best for him, as we know him to be a worthy man and believe he would be a true and faithful officer.


LAMP BURST. Early Monday evening, Mr. Gates went to the door of Channell's hardware store for the purpose of buying something, and found the door locked and the inside of the store in flames. While it was being talked over how they could get in, T. H. McLaughlin came to the rescue, and planting himself back on his patent leg, gave such a kick that would shame a mule, and sent the whole pane of glass in the door in a thousand and one pieces. This made an opening large enough to get in and out of very easily, and in a few minutes the lamps were lowered and carried out, and the flames smothered. Thge cause of the disaster was from a lamp bursting. The only damage done was the breaking of the lamp and scorching of a plow handle and the floor. The oil from the lamp had spread over the floor, and had it not been discovered soon after, the building would have been endangeread. Only a few persons were present at the time, but among them we noticed two or three candidates.




Caught at Last.

For some time past there has been a nest of petty thieves roostin in the neighborhood of Guelph, in Sumner county. A number of articles of small value have been missing, but none could find out where they went, or who took them; but circumstances pointed to three young men who have been working around among the farmers.

On last Wednesday George Richey, Martin Richey, and Silas McQuiston were arrested and brought before Squire Gilmore on Friday, for stealing a wagon sheet and pair of check lines, the property of Alfred Hurst. George Richey was found guilty, and fined $5.00 and costs of suit, amounting to $54.00. In default of payment he was committed to jail and sent to Wellington.

His brother, Martin, and comrade, Silas McQuiston, asked a continuance for ten days, but failing to obtain bail for their appearance, they were sent up to Wellington to keep George company.

One of the principal witnesses against the Richey brothers (not the hotel keepers) was an old chum of the Richey's, but he squealed on them. George Richey swears vengeance against him. He says that he did steal the articles, and others, but that the witness, Gordon, hid them; that he is as deep in the mud as they are in the mire. It is an old saying that when rogues fall out, honest people generally find their own. But Hurst did not find it true in this case. He did not find his wagon sheet.

Another young gentleman was also arrested, Maguis Kelso, for being a participant in the affair, but he slipped his head out of the noose of the law, and went to find his brother, the millionaire of Chicago, who used to sling hash at the Central Avenue and write sensational articles for this paper.





Something to Think About.

Citizens of Cowley Count, on the 18th of September you will be called upon to accept or reject the proposition to vote $120,000 in county bonds to the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Narrow-Gauge Railroad.

The great question with Kansas men when asked to undertake any proposition, and a pertinent one it is too: Will it pay? This is the principle that should govern your action in accepting or rejecting the proposition that will be presented to you on the 18th day of September. It is an enterprise that has for its object the noblest aim that can animate patriotic and christian men,--The public good--The development of our country's resources and prosperity,[[The happiness and comfort of our fellow men.

Over six thousand years ago, on the flowery banks of the river Euphrates, in the Old World, the command of Heaven was given, "Be ye fruitful and multiply; bring forth abundantly in the earth and multiply therein." Since that day until this, man had been engaged in developing the powers of earth and her capacity to bring forth abundantly for the comfort and convenience of man. The same power that gave this command, has also said: "I have given you every herb bearing see which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree in which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed to you it shall be for meat." That is, shall be your staff support and sustenance on the earth.

In sustaining this enterprise, in voting for these bonds, you are not only carrying out the decrees of Heaven, but you are developing the resources and material prosperity of our common country; increasing the comfort and convenience of yourselves and neighbors. In voting for these bonds you are not injuring any other locality, but simply building up yourr own and your neighbors fortunes.

Cowley County is a distinct organization and must act through the joint body of her electors as one man.

The proposition submitted to you is a fair and honest one, doing the greatest good to the greatest number.

Our county is 34-1/2 miles from east to west and 33 miles from north to south.

The aggregate wealth of our county is $1,962,078.25. Of that wealth $1,502,868 lays in the three west ranges of townships through which this road is to run, so that no man in either of these three ranges can possibly be more than nine miles from a railroad. About the same proportion of the population of our county lies in these three western ranges of townships, so that if that portion will be most benefitted, it will also have the most to pay. As 4 to 1 of the population and valuation of our county is embraced within these western townships, or in the Walnut valley, how can injustice be done to anyone by voting these bonds?

But, says the prudent, cautious calculator, "Will the benefit accruing to the people of the county by the construction of this road be more than counterbalanced by the outlay?" This is a very proper inquiry and one that should receive due consideration from every man before depositing his vote on the


To what extent will the grain raiser of the Walnut valley be benefitted by the construction of the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Railroad?

One source of profit, and the greatest one to the farmer, will be a home market for all his surplus produce, with the cash in his fist, a commodity that he rarely handles now.

The price of the wheat crop will be considerably enhanced by reason of the great reduction of freights which will inevitably follow the construction of this road and the consequent destruction of the oppressive monopoly now enjoyed by the

A. T. & S. F. R. R.

The increase of wealth and population that follow all such enterprises will have its effect here as elsewhere; the impetus to business; the advance in value of your present property, all demand that you should not throw away the present golden opportunity. "Strike while the iron's hot!" "Make hay while the sun shines!" Homely adages, but none the less true.

Vote for the bonds and you will have the road with all its advantages.







Winfield is a lively place just now. It seems like an old town--has stereotyped ways--like an old place in the East. It is growing quite rapidly considering the hard times. Several buildings are in course of construction at this date.

There are upwards of seventy teachers attending the Teachers Institute. Of all the steps that have been taken for the benefit of our school system, none have done so much good to awaken a general interest in the schools, as the Teacher's Normal Institute, now an establishing thing in every county of the State. A union--at these institutes--of all the teachers of the county, takes place; an interchange of ideas, a knowledge of the system by which different teachers govern the school over which they preside, is obtained by each member of the Institute.






Seven years ago last Wednesday, we sent forth the first number of the Arkansas City TRAVELER from the roofless shanty on the corner where Newman's two story brick now stands.

There were few men on the border then compared to those here now, yet every day we look from our door, we can see some of the old residents walking the street. The change is wonderful, and makes it seem as though we had lived a half century.

No farming country in the world ever settled more rapidly, and none ever accomplished more in the same length of time. While we have enjoyed, in the settlement of one new country, we do not have the desire to experience another. The future of Cowley county is almost decided, and that future is one of promised wealth and glory.




In conversation with a farmer who has always opposed bonds the other day, to our surprise he said, "I intend to support the narrow gauge proposition because it is the only thing we can do to get a market. I am opposed to the principle, but we cannot do otherwise in the situation we are now in."

The gentleman referred to is one of the leading farmers of Beaver township; an intelligent man, and one who has considerable influence throughout the county. His name is Lucious Walton.

A few months ago we argued for three solid hours with him on the necessity of paying a road to come into this county, but he did not believe the principle was a good or safe one.

If a railroad would pay from the time it was built into the county, then we would say they should come without asking us to bond ourselves to give them $120,000. But it is doubtful if it will pay the first year. If crops should fail, it certainly would not. There is a risk in building the road. Capital is always timid and has to have great inducements.

If we wait long enough, we might get a railroad for nothing, but will it pay us to wait when the expense of hauling our grain every year would amount to as much as the sum asked to build us a road? Then we have the road to tax to help pay for the bonds, and the amount of property would reduce instead of increasing our tax. It is not worthwhile to introduce figures here to prove these assertions for they have been made and proven time and again in the columns of this paper. We do not know how we can better illustrate the principle of paying a road to come into the county than by referring to the remarks of our friends about seven years ago when the survey of the Osage Diminished Reserve was being made.

Almost every man had "picked his claim" and was ready to make his improvements on it, but was afraid to do very much for fear when the lines were run, he might be cut off from his land. The surveyors were here, but declared their intentions to survey other portions of the Reserve unless they could have a bonus of $50 for surveying the township. We denounced the proposition as a swindle and did what we could to prevent the paying of the money until we were convinced by a friend that it would be best for us in time. He said: "I want to do my plowing and put up a fence. These men are not compelled to complete the survey for nearly a year, and can hold us back for that length of time. We have found by paying $2 each, we can easily raise the money, and in a few days we can go to work. I don't believe it is right, but I would rather give $10 or $25 than be held back a year with my work."

We saw that we were in the power of the men and that there was no immediate remedy, and concluded, rather than work an injustice to our friends and neighbors we would favor the paying of $50 to have the land surveyed after the Government had already contracted to pay it.

So it is with us at this day!

We are in the power of one railroad and that fifty miles distant. It costs us more to get the grain to the railroad than it does to get it from the depot to the market, if we had a depot here in our own county. Taking the matter just as it stands, it will undoubtedly be best to pay for it now than to wait ten or fifteen years and get it for nothing. All over the county men who opposed the voting of bonds now agree that is the only thing we can do under the existing circumstances.




Sid Major and wife visited friends in the vicinity of Arkansas City during last week.

The school board has taken a lease of the basement of the Presbyterian church for two years.

Mr. D. A. Millington lectured before the teachers and citizens at the Court House on Friday last. Subject: Prairie and Forest Fires.

Hotel arrivals, in this city, for the week ending August 22, 1877, number as follows: Central, 51; City, 46.

A game of base ball is to be played five miles west of this city on Saturday, September 1st, between the Grasshoppers, of Vernon, and the Modocs, of Belle Plaine.

A picnic will be given in Marshal's grove, on the Arkansas river, in this county, on Friday, August 31st, by the Aurora Sunday School, of Vernon township. All are invited.

The Courier Company is composed of D. A. Millington, James Kelly [not Kelley as they showed earlier], and A. B. Lemmon, who will jointly edit and conduct the business of the Courier. Job work, subscriptions, and advertisements are respectfully


Harter, Harter & Co. have taken a contract to supply the Cheyennes, Comanches, and Wichita Indians with flour. This will make a home market for a large quantity of wheat and save a large amount of hauling to Wichita.

There is to be a meeting at the Vernon Central school house, in Vernon township, on Saturday evening, August 25th, to form a secret organization for protection against horse thieves. If the originators of the movement desire secrecy, they must not tell it to a Courier man.

Our Cowley county readers in going to Independence should take the back line at this place and go by Sedan and thence to Independence by daily stage. At Sedan they will find good hotel accommodation at the Great Western, kept by a Cowley county man, Capt. H. W. Stubblefield.

The new Presbyterian Church will be dedicated on the 3rd Sunday in September if nothing occurs to prevent. President Anderson, of the Agricultural College at Manhattan, is expected to be present and take part in the exercises. The dedicators intend to raise the funds to supply the deficiency by private subscription before the day of dedication.

ALMOST A RUNAWAY. Last Sunday afternoon as a gentleman and lady from Arkansas City were leaving the hotel in a buggy, one of the horses began kicking and trying to run. Several men endeavored to stop them but without success, until John H. Rearick boldly ran in, caught the unruly one by the bridle, and brought them to a full stop. Mr. Rearick certainly deserves a great credit for averting what would undoubtedly have been a serious


Mr. Daniel Read, who lives on upland prairie land, in Tisdale township, two and one half miles west of New Salem school house, has a farm and an experience in Cowley county that shows what an energetic man can do. He settled there six years ago. Two years ago he became a little discouraged and went to California for a new location. He thought that no improvement on this county and in seven months was back on his place in this county. He has 820 eight-year-old bearing apple trees, 850 bearing peach trees, many of them the choicest varieties, one acre of blackberries, three acres of cottonwood trees, 1,800 in all, some of them thirty feet high. This grove he uses for a hog and stock lot, and it contains a large artificial pond of water. He has sixty acres of fine corn and raised this year considerable other crops. Twenty months ago, on his return from California, he purchased a six-months old pig for $3.50 and from that start in hogs, he now has seven brood sows and altogether thirty hogs, and has twenty five dollars worth besides. He is now selling peaches from his orchard and has had ripe peaches for four weeks. He has been in twenty-one different States of the Union and considers this section the best country for a man of moderate means that he ever saw. Some specimens of Early Amburge peaches from his orchard are before us as we write.





PLENTY of Texas ponies in town for sale.

OSAGE INDIANS won't eat fish prepared in any manner.

WILD PLUMS are selling for $1.75 per bushel in Emporia.

MR. HYDE is doing the carpenter work of the M. E. Church.

Mr. S. B. Adams has charge of M. S. Faris' store during the latter's absence.

Hon. C. R. Mitchell has returned from Illinois, where he has been on legal business.

CHARLEY BLACK and Chas. Eagin were admitted to the bar of Cowley county, on Monday.

JOHN PREWITT is not expected to live long, as he is in continual suffering from a cancer on his lip and face.

MR. HAWKINS, of Silverdale township, found a harrow at one of his neighbor's that he lost three years ago.

There is considerable demand for young cattle at this place. Many farmers are gradually accumulating stock.

The suit of Gallotti vs. Hill was compromised, and Mr. and Mrs. Gallotti have returned to their home together.



A ferry boat is to be placed on the Arkansas east of Salt City. Wm. Berkey has the contract for constructing it.

CAPT. HUNT and H. Evans, of Winfield, were at this place last week. Capt. Hunt is a candidate for the office of County Clerk.

We were presented with some choice peaches and grapes a few days since, the product of Mr. Shuster's orchard. Four of the peaches weighed one pound, lacking two ounces.


HORSE THIEF CAUGHT. On Friday night of last week, W. L. Han, living on Grouse creek, fourteen miles from the mouth, brought into this place one Thomas Conkhite, whom he had pursued and arrested for stealing a dark bay horse from his herd. The horse was taken by Conkhite while the owner was at dinner, and ridden to South Haven, where his father lives. As soon as Mr. Han found his horse missing, he followed the thief, and came upon him on the prairie near South Haven. When Conkhite saw Han, he started his horse on a run. Han rode the best horse, and soon came within shooting distance, and fired two shots. Conkhite then threw up his hands and cried: "I'll surrender; for God's sake, don't shoot me!" He was then brought into town and tried before Judge Christian, who bound him over in the sum of $300 and gave him in charge of Wm. Gray, the city marshal. Mr. Gray handcuffed him and kept him until three o'clock in the morning, when he deputized Mr. Han to watch him until daylight. Mr. Han went to sleep, and the prisoner ran to the Arkansas river, got on the ferry boat, and took it across. Just as he landed, he met a man with a team, whom he asked to cut off the handcuffs. The man worked at them awhile, and then drove on to town and told of the occurrence. Several persons started in pursuit, but could not find him. Before long he went to John Linton's house in Bolton township, and told him he had escaped from the officer in town, where he had been arrested for being drunk. Mr. Linton told him if that was the case, he guessed he would take charge of him, and brought him back. Mr. Linton's courage is commendable, espe-cially so since he has to use a crutch, to get along. After the arrival of Conkhite, he was taken to Winfield, and confined in the county jail to await his trial.


SCHOOL. By reference to the ad in this issue, it will be seen that the first term of school this fall will begin September 10th, and continues fifteen weeks. Then a vacation of two weeks will be given, and the second term of thirteen weeks will follow, and then the third term of twelve weeks. The term of tuition for pupils whose parents or guardians reside out of the school district is one dollar per month.

Board and rooms can be procured at the hotels for $5 per week, and at private houses for from $2.50 to $3.50, or rooms can be rented and parties board themselves very reasonable. Many teachers of this county have attended this school. Farmers and others who have no high schools near home cannot do better than to send their children to this place.


The following is the score of the game of base ball played August 23rd, between the east and west sides of Summit Street.




























A RICH TREAT, Mrs. Russell on Friday evening.


SHEEP FOR SALE. 1,200 ewes and good lambs; good healthy sheep, in a good order; thoroughly acclimated; were wintered on the range without receiving feed of any kind. Will be sold cheap to parties wishing to buy the entire lot. Address Wilson Purdy, Hutchinson, Reno county, Kansas. Care of G. Barrett.


I WILL TRADE one bushel of peaches for one bushel of good wheat. E. Bowen; 2-1/2 miles southwest of the Arkansas river bridge.



FORTY TEAMS, with about ninety Cheyenne Indians, are

expected at this place every day, after 20,000 pounds of flour for their Agency. They are paid by the Government to do their own freighting. As this is an experiment, it will be watched with considerable anxiety by Agent Miles and his friends.


ARRIVALS. Mrs. W. W. McKnight, Miss Sarah A. McKnight, Mrs. Dr. Tidrick (sister of Mrs. Bird), Mrs. Brown (sister of Mrs. Abrams, of Beaver township), all from Winterset, Iowa, are visiting friends at this place.


We have been requested to state that the Republican primary meeting to elect delegates to the county convention, in Silverdale township, will be held at Esquire Butterfield's house, on Saturday, September 15th.


REGISTRAR. The announcement of Mr. I. H. Bonsall to become a candidate for the Office of Registrar of this county appears this week.


MARRIED. August 19th, 1877, at the residence of the bride's parents, near Emporia, Mr. Thos. Gilbert, of Kaw Agency, Indian Territory, and Miss Anna Thompson of Emporia. Mrs. Gilbert has a large circle of acquaintances, all of whom unite in wishing the happy couple future prosperity and happiness. Emporia News.


M. E. PEACHES. The Methodist Episcopal Society will give a peach festival at Pearson's Hall on Wednesday evening, Sept. 12th. The proceeds will be applied to further completion of the new church.


DELL COBURN, now living in Indiana with his mother, came out on the excursion to Kinsley and down to this place this week. It has been about three years since he left Grouse creek. They give excursion tickets from Indiana to Kinsley and return, good for thirty days, for $26.


KENDALL SMITH had a narrow escape from an accident last Sunday. As he was driving down the steep hill opposite the Walnut, with a lady in the carriage, the pole strap of the buggy broke. He held the horses, however, until he could jump out and unhitch them.


SHOT. L. L. HILTON accidentally shot himself in the cap of the knee while cleaning a revolver last Sunday. After striking the knee, the ball glanced and struck the stove, and glanced again and hit one of his children on the toe.


The ladies of the U. P. Society will give a festival at their church Tuesday evening, September 4th. Peaches, ice cream, and other refreshments will be served, a good time is promised, and everybody is cordially invited.


Prof. Norton, in writing to the Emporia News, says that on the narrow gauge railray from San Jose to Monterey, in California, he met Mr. Austin, formerly a neighbor in Arkansas City, acting as conductor of the road.