[Beginning Wednesday, February 21, 1877.]






LEGISLATIVE. Nothing of special importance has transpired in the Legislature of late. L. J. Webb has been recognized and exceedingly favored on several Committees. The Senate passed a concurrent resolution asking Congress to give Kansas the fort buildings and reservation at Fort Harker, the State to relinquish all claims on account of the Price and Indian raids. It was stated that the object was to make a reform school at Harker. About a dozen resolutions instructing Congress on various subjects, were then passed. Among these: The Senate concurrent resolution asking Congress to organize a Territorial Government in the Indian Territory was passed. On the third reading the bill to allow the school fund to be invested in school bonds was lost, but left in a shape to be brought up again. A resolution asking Congress to organize a Territorial Government in the Indian Territory was adopted.




Deadwood, Feb. 15. During the last week a number of reports of Indian depredations have been coming in from small towns adjacent here. Today these rumors assumed an alarming aspect, and substantiated news of the simultaneous attacks in different directions leads to the belief that the Indians are surrounding this vicinity. Nolen's large cattle train was captured entire near Bear Butte yesterday.

Fletcher's herd of mules was also captured in the same vicinity. Montana ranche, a short distance from here, was attacked about the same time, the Indians capturing all the stock. Wigginton's herd of horses, near Crook City, were all captured, Wigginton wounded, and his assistant killed. Considerable stock in the vicinity of Spearfish were also run off.




WINFIELD, KAS. Jan. 23, 1877.

This is a list of officers of Winfield Chapter No. 51, Royal Arch Masons, installed at their hall on Monday evening, January 22nd, 1877, for the ensuing year.

John D. Pryor, High Priest.

M. L. Read, King.

Jas. A. Simpson, Scribe.

W. C. Robinson, Captain of the Hosts.

A. Howland, Principal Sojourner.

W. G. Graham, Royal Arch Captain.

J. W. Johnson, Commander of the Second Vail.

S. H. Myton, Commander of the First Vail.

Frank Gallotti, Treasurer.

C. C. Black, Secretary.

N. C. McCulloch, Sentinel.

Past High Priest Hargis, of Wichita, Acting Chief Marshal.

Rev. Rusbridge, though not a member, was Acting Chaplain, he being an invited buest.

The rites were witnessed by the wives and sweethearts of the members, also Prof. G. W. Robinson, Principal of the Winfield schols. The ladies sqw those that are near and dear to them clothed in the beautiful robes of the Order, and assigned to stations that are alike responsible and honorable. The Chapter then called "off" to the Central Hotel, where we were all made happy by the commodious and comfortable rooms, and the bounteous repast which we found weary in waiting for those that hunger and thirst, and to which we did ample justice, and went away feeling that it was good for us to be there. JUST A LOCAL.




DEXTER, KAS., Feb. 13, 1877.

We have had some beautiful weather in this part for several days past, until yesterday, when we were visited by a storm of sleet and snow, which is about two inches in depth today. We suppose most all the young grasshoppers that had hatched out will perish, and the farmers are not sorry.

The wheat is coming out nicely. A number of our farmers have begun plowing for spring crops. There will be a third, if not one-half more corn put in on Grose valley this season than ever before.

Dexter is still holding her own, notwithstanding the hard times. Trade is pretty good, and building is going on to some extent. Dr. Wagner has just completed a neat and attractive dwelling on the edge of town, and James Harden is finishing a large and commodious dwelling just north of town.

John Graham has made an addition to his wagon and blacksmith shop, and Hoyt & Bro. are building a harness and shoe shop.

A. A. Wiley, of Maple City, I understand, is going into the merchandise business in Dexter.

The Dexter mills have changed hands. A Mr. Stump, of Winfield, is the present owner, and we hope he will stump us all in the way of good flour, good turn-outs, etc. Yes, Mr. TRAVELER man, if you were a married man, and had your wife to look scissors and three legged stools at you on account of dark looking bread, when you had visitors, you would feel interested in having a good miller, too. HUGO SANDERS.




EGGS eight cents per dozen.

CADDO squaws ride on side saddles.

WINFIELD is to have a literary society.

A. C. WELLS is on his way back to this place.

JUDGE CHRRISTIAN has some very nice imported hogs.

WM. SLEETH returned from a visit to Ohio, last Friday.

MR. MANTOR is on his feet again, and enjoying the fresh air.

The chances are we shall have a railroad before another year.

DR. SHEPPARD will appear in a newly painted buggy next week.

DURING the dull times Monday, H. & Mc. sold $400 worth of dry goods.

A new store is to be opened at Salt City next week with a full stock of goods.

GEO. F. HOWELL, chief clerk of Pawnee Agency, and Agent Burgess' son are here.

MR. WM. COOMBS has been disabled for several days from an old sprain in the back.

GEO. A. EDDY, brother of our fellow townsman, spent a few days in this place last week.

DURING a storm, the Wichita Indians take off everything of red color, as flannel, ribbon, etc.

The Emporia Ledger will have an interesting communication from Prof. Norton next week.

COL. HUNTER, of South Haven, paid us a visit this week. Glad to see you Colonel; come again.

The good people of Hutchinson presented Rev. Swarts with a new suit of clothes lately.

RECT DAVIS tells of a lively occurrence that took place at Kiowa, last week, in the way of a coon hunt.

THE LEGISLATURE passed a resolution protesting against the removal of the Sioux to the Indian Territory.

The dance at Bland's school house is to be on Friday, the 23rd, instead of the 22nd, as announced last week.

MR. A. CHAMBERLAIN arrived from Wisconsin, Monday evening. He reports snow two feet deep in the north.

DURING the bad state of the roads, a buckboard was put on the mail route from Wichita, in place of the stage.

PONCA, OSAGE, PAWNEE, AND KAW INDIANS were all represented at the Central Avenue dining table one day this week.

For the able management of the paper during our absence, we are indebted to Ed. Gray and the boys of the office.

The number of men at Fort Sill has been reduced to two companies of infantry and two of cavalry. Gen. Hatch is in command.

FIVE FAMILIES of newcomers from Illinois came in last week, brining some of the best horses we have seen in the State.

MR. SKINNER's brother in Quincy, Illinois, was thrown from a buggy and killed, the day after he left him, on his recent visit.

THE M. E. SOCIAL will be held at Pearson's Hall, as usual, on next Thursday. All who fail to attend will miss a good time.

MR. TRISSELL, the Rose Hill Nurseryman, has moved his family to this place, and expects to be a continual resident among us.


Arkansas City boasts of a cheese factory; but it isn't running this winter. Ex.

No, the cheese isn't running, but the factory is.




PONCA INDIANS. A party of eleven Ponca Indians from Dakota Territory arrived at this place on Saturday afternoon of last week from the Kaw Agency, in charge of Agent J. Lawrence, of Dakota, Colonel E. C. Kemble, of Washington, D. C., and Rev.

S. D. Hinman, of Nebraska. They came via Independence, Kansas, and visited the Osage and Kaw Agencies on their way, the whole time occupying eleven days. The Indians with them are the respresentative men of their tribe, and are as fine looking and intelligent red men we have seen. All are large and powerful men, and apparently intelligent. The Ponca tribe numbers 730 people, who have advanced considerably in farming and agricul-tural pursuits. Their reserve is in Dakota Territory, on the Missouri river. Owing the frequency with which thhe grasshoppers visit them and the frequent raids of the Sioux, they have become discouraged and expressed a desire to remove to a wamer climate, remote from wild Indians, where they could live in peace, farm, and raise cattle; and for this purpose, have come to see the Indian Territory. Before arriving here they were tired out and homesick, and it is doubtful if they can be suited in a location. The old Kickapoo reserve is the choicest locality in the Terri-tory; and if they consent to remove at all, they will probably choose it for themselves.

The names of those with the company are:

Wan-ni-di-sha, Ta-tan-ka-in-agin, Tou-ani-toucan,

Wich-te-el-cera, Heboka-ton-ka, Maten-lojia, Wiearay-olape,

Frank Le Flesche, Xota-kaga, Xdya-u-ka-la, Chas. Le Clair.

The Ponca Indians claim to have been members of the Osage tribe many years ago, and speak nearly the same language. At their recent visit to the Agency, they claim the Osages treated them very coldly, and reported the country they were going to see as bad land, so as to discourage them from coming. The meaning of their names published above is White Eagle, Standing Buffalo, Big Elk, Long Chief, Sitting Bear, White Swan, "The Chief," Smoke Maker, Standing Bear, and Little Picker.




"WILD CAT" writes us from Guelph, under date of February 18th, that there is a man in that vicinity who openly boasts that he "intends making it warm for someone about the TRAVELER Office," and that "some fine day this week he is going down to put a head on the editor." "Wild Cat" kindly gives us the name of the party, but out of charity we withhold it from the public.

Now, if the gentleman could realize how it shocks our mental and physical constitution, he surely would not speak so rashly. Ever since we first made our abode in the beautiful and verdant county of Cowley, we have had to undergo the tortures of threats of being shot, waylaid at midnight, and finally a new head is to be put on our person.

The thought of it is terrible! But what is, must be. Our fighting weight is just 127-1/2 pounds; time for fracases, twenty-five minutes of 12, at noon, as that is the time we feel most hungry and savage.

If the gentleman desires "deadly weapons," we can furnish them, as we like to be accommodating. Our choice is shot guns, at long range. We will not quarrel about the distance. The bluff north of town and Dr. Leonard's fence would suit us nicely for stations. Our second will be Jim Huey--he can't run. Now if these arrangements are satisfactory, the gentleman can name the day, and we will endeavor to have a friend there to explain the cause of our absence; otherwise, he will have to take the perilous chances of standing in front of our accident shot gun, that goes off without provocation, or being demolished with a hair space.




SHOOTING AFFAIR. One week from yesterday a slight quarrel ensued between Charley Lyons and Hiram Jones in a saloon at Caldwell, finally resulting in the shooting of Lyons. The circumstances as near as we could obtain them were as follows.

Hiram Jones had left a pistol and belt with the saloon keeper, and Lyons had taken them. Hiram asked Charley for them, and was refused. He then watched his opportunity, and as Charley was walking down the street, Hiram stepped up behind him and grabbed the pistol, presented it to the face of Lyons, remarking, "Now, give me the belt." Lyons refused to give it up, and no more was said until Jones got Lyons' coat. Both agreed then that each should go to the saloon and leave the property of the other, which was done; but as Hiram reached for the belt, Charley grabbed the pistol, and during the scuffle it went off, the ball striking Lyons on the cap of the knee and causing him to fall. Hiram, becoming frightened, fled, but was soon brought back under arrest, and tried for the offense. The jury returned a verdict of not guilty, which seemed to be the sentiment of most those who were acquainted with the facts. Lyons was taken to Wellington and his leg amputated, but his recovery is pronounced doubtful. Both parties are well known in this vicinity.

LATER. Charles Lyons died from his pistol wound in his knee, at Wellington, last Friday. His career has been a varied and excited one.




Since the Indian excitement of last week has subsided, it is now easy to see how a story can be started without any foundation whatever. The report was that two of our citizens had been killed, scalped, and cut to pieces, but as the parties came in shortly after, it was proven entirely groundless. Such reports are a detriment to the peace and prosperity of any border settlement, and the parties originating them should be rigidly dealt with and punished by the law.







Has anybody captured a young grasshopper in order to try his powers of endurance under a low thermometer? Ledger.

Yes, verily. We have the animal in our possession that has stood the wind, rain, and storm, been chilled to a degree that not a muscle could be stirred, and yet placed in the sun, soon evinced its usual activity. Fire and water is all that will get away with them, although we do not fear that they will remain long enough to do any material damage.


If you are troubled with headache, dullness, incapacity to keep the mind on any subject, dizzy, sleepy, or nervous feelings, irritability of temper, or a bad taste in the mouth, palpitation, unsteady appetite, pains in the side, or any such symptoms of liver complaint and constipation of the bowels, go to your physician and get a bottle of quinine with a little spirits fermenti mixed with it. Take the latter, leave the quinine, and rub the bottle on your neck, and you will feel as if you had taken something.


CALLED. WM. CONNER, well known in this vicinity, and the Territory, as the most intelligent Osage Indian in the Territory, made us a call last week to renew acquaintances. "Bill" was on his way west, as a guide to the party of Ponca Indians inspecting the country west of the Arkansas. Since leaving this place some years ago, Wm. Conner has donned citizens' clothes and has a farm of 107 acres on the Cana river, with a number of ponies and hogs.


CALDWELL MAIL. Mail service between Arkansas City and Caldwell has been increased to three times a week instead of two as heretofore. Time of arrival Mondays, Wednesday, and Fridays at 12 m., and leave the same days one hour after arrival. The increase will prove very beneficial to the people of this place as well as Guelph, South Haven, Caldwell, and vicinity. Henry Schultz is the carrier and Mr. Draper, of St. Louis, the



MAD DOG. A mad dog was seen running at large on the Arkansas, in the vicinity of Geiser's last Sunday. On its mad career it bit a dog and a calf belonging to Mr. Passmore, also Mr. Geiser's dog. A party started in pursuit of the canine, headed by Capt. Geiser, and considerable excitement prevailed. We have not yet learned whether the animal was overtaken or not, but at last accounts they were on its trail.


FIRE. On last Wednesday afternoon, while Mrs. A. O. Hoyt was absent from her rooms at the Central Avenue, a spark escaped from the stove and caught fire in the carpet. One of the girls at the house smelled something burning and went in just in time to prevent the flames from spreading. The affair made some excitement with the household, and might have proven very



RUNAWAY. A lively runaway took place in front of our office last Thursday, creating a little stir for a short time. The team belonged to R. A. Houghton, and took fright while standing alone, untied, running around Houghton & McLaughlin's store, and striking the hub of another wagon as they passed. A number of persons followed them yelling whoa, whoa. No material damage was done.


The Literary Society that has met at Hartsock's school house for some time will meet hereafter at Parker's. A meeting will be held tomorrow evening, when the usual dialogues, declamations, and the reading of the paper, will be performed.


NEW GROCERY. Mr. Berry, of the firm of Berry Brothers, of Pulaska Co., Ill., has arrived and will open a large and fresh stock of groceries, queensware, and glassware, in Pearson's building in about two weeks. The young men are enterprising and accommodating and will soon meet the favor of all who patronize them.


LAZETTE, 21st, 1877. All quiet on the Grouse except the railroad excitement, which is running high. The people are at a loss to know whether they will build the depot in Lazette or on Ben Clover's farm. The general opinion is that Ben will get the switch and depot both.


DIED. Harriet Matilta, wife of George Egbert, died at the residence of Mr. John Splawn, February 5th. She came from Missouri to this county in December last for her health. She leaves a husband and six children. Her husband arrived here a few days after she was buried.


At the Lyceum at Salt City, last Friday, the question of debate was "Resolved that a man should be worth $1,000 before he could be married by law." It was decided by the ladies that he should not. Question for next Friday: Resolved that women should have the right of suffrage.


LEADS, the Government (?) inspector for the different Indian Agencies in the Territory, evinced so much smartness during his recent visit that his services were dispensed with when he returned to New York. His main errand was to work against western contractors.


CAPTAIN VANN, of the Cherokees, once had a steamboat built in Cincinnati, Ohio. The boat was called Lucy Walker, and said to be the finest of olden times. Herald.

Wonder if he ever tried to bring it up the Arkansas?


MR. S. MATLACK, of Pawnee Agency, paid us a call this week. Mr. Matlack has been with the Pawnees seven years, and for three years last past a trader among them. See his notice in another column relative to whites trading with the Indians.


[Dec. 21st, 1876, notice.]


MR. WILKES, OF FORT SILL, owns that well imported stock farm just south of Caldwell. It is one of the best in Sumner County, having the advantage of being adjacent to the State line, with good water and plenty of stables for stock. It is for rent.


The Lady Washington Tear Party meets at Pearson's Hall tomorrow evening, to have an old fashioned supper, and general good time. Admittance ten cents. Supper, including oysters 50 cents.


In dry weather the best route for freighters is by the "cut off," or the regular road from this place. After a heavy rain the Caldwell route would prove best, as the ruts are not as deep as those on the Fort Sill trail from this place.


The sermon of Rev. S. D. Hinman, of Nebraska, on the subject of religious work among the Indians, was received with considerable interest. The house was crowded to overflowing.


In the grave of Pat Hennessey, on the trail from Caldwell to Jones' Ranch, is buried a copy of the TRAVELER, probably the only orthodox literature that could be obtained at the time.


J. LINDSEY STUBBS was Acting Agent during Mr. Beede's recent absence. The compliment to our friend, J. L., is a high one, and evidenced good judgment on the part of the Agent.


MR. JOHNSON, of Elk Falls, and Mr. Lewis, the parties who are to erect the grist and saw mill near the mouth of Grouse creek, are on the grounds and are ready for work.


It is said that water is so scarce at Cedar Vale that even the dumb animals have taken to drinking whiskey, and the animals that are not dumb, soon become so after drinking it.


MR. LETTS received a letter from Todd & Royal of Wichita, that they would resume boring for coal at Salt City in a few days. The gentlemen surely have pluck.


PECULIAR. The gentleman (?) who has been "living with his sister" in the vicinity of Eads' school house, Sumner county, had an addition to his household last week.


THE PONCA INDIANS all had their photographs taken at Bonsall's yesterday, dressed in the most attractive manner. He will have a number for sale in a few days.


AGENT HAWORTH, of the Kiowa and Comanche Agency, has sufficiently recovered from his prolonged illness to be able to attend to his official duties.


The Sac & Fox Indians are said to be the best tanners in the Territory. Herald.

The Caddoes can shame any Indians in the Nation on tanning.


The Democratic pole of this place has been constructed into a hitching rack at Benedict's store, and the jacks and mules are tied to it as before.


The Waco Indians, numbering 47 men, left Wichita Agency Oct. 5th and returned January 1st, with 683 buffalo hides and over 300 wolf skins.


DIED. Monday, February 19th, an infant of Mr. and Mrs. Kouns. Aged one year. A subscription had to be raised to buy a coffin for it.


EDWARD N. STEBBINS, of New Jersey, has been appointed a member of the board of Indian commissioners.




The following is a list of the pardons granted by Governor Osborn for the year ending November 30, 1876, with the names of the persons pardoned, the crimes, and the counties where they were convicted.

James Dall, Grand larceny, Cowley county.




The last census of the Pawnee tribe foots up 1,667.

Wild turkeys are not so plentiful in the Territory as formerly.

Indian Agent Burgess and family are hunting on Cimaron river.

The Pawnee ferry boat is run in the Arkansas river by contract.

The Pawhuska school for Indian children contains 119 pupils.

Immense number of buffalo are being slaughtered in the


Quapaws sprinkle ashes around their huts to keep ghosts from choking them to death while sleeping.

The Shawnees recently cut a hole in a coffin lid, over the face of the corpse, for the escape of the spirit. They then burnt a living dog to prevent the return of the spirit to the body.

Six Kaw Indians passed through this place the other day en route for their Agency west. For two months previous they had amused the inhabitants of the principle cities of Kansas and Missouri with the contortions of the mazy scalp dance, and now go home to rest.

Acting Agent Stubbs has shown us a telegram stating that Indian Inspector Kemble and a delegation of Ponca Sioux, are on their way to this place. The Osages are ordered to meet them in council, and before our next issue, big speech making will be the order of the day.


The Pawnee scouts, now being employed by the Government in the Sioux war, are wintering at Sidney, Nebraska. These scouts, under the leadership of Major Frank North, have rendered efficient service in the campaign just closed, and have received high commendations from the principal officers with whom they have come in contct. They now have one hundred fine ponies, captured from the Sioux. They came out of every battle and skirmish unscathed, not having lost one of their number. They have done but little in the business of scalping, this winter, and have but one such trophy to show: a white man having stolen the only other one taken. Most of them talk a little English, write to their people in the Territory nearly every week, are in good heart, and seem to enjoy soldiering. Indian Herald.




The House passed a bill removing the boundaries of the Texas cattle grazing ground to the west line of Comanche county, about one hundred miles west of Wichita. This practically opens up for agricultural purposes the counties of Barber, Harper, Comanche, and the west half of Sedgwick, which are at present within the range of the "long horns."

The bill is being vigorously opposed by the delegation from Sedgwick county, reinforced by a large lobby from Wichita, and the officers of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad company.

The effect of the bill, if it passes the Senate and becomes a law, will be to compel the extension of the railroad to Arkansas City, or Caldwell, or some other point on the line of the Indian Territory, to which the cattle can come without let or hindrance, for the Santa Fe folks will not surrender the cattle trade to the Kansas Pacific rather than build sixty miles of road through a level county.

Mr. Hubbard deserves well of his people for the untiring efforts for this bill, which resulted in its passage by a large majority. Journal of Commerce.


Legislative Summary.

WE neglected to state yesterday that the House passed the bill removing the Texas cattle dead line ninety miles west of where it is now.

The Senate yesterday adopted a resolution calling on the proper authorities to tell what they know about Sam Lappin and his securities. It passed, on third reading, several bills; one enfranchising some fifty persons, and one giving the rights of majority to some minors, which could have been done by the courts.

The bill to amend the herd law so that counties that wish to repeal it was lost.

The bill to repeal the law for funding the Territorial debt was carried.

The concurrent resolution providing for the opening of the Indian Territory and its apportionment among the different tribes, was adopted by a vote of 63 to 21. In the afternoon Speaker Wood entered a protest against the passage of the above resolution, on the ground that it would be the means of depleting the population of Kansas.




PROGRAMME of proceedings at Lady Washington's tea party, held in the interest of the Ladies' Society of the M. E. Church of Arkansas City.

Martha Washington - Mrs. Dr. Alexander.

George Washington - C. Swarts.

Columbia - Miss Josie Howe.


Gen. LaFayette - F. York.

Gen. Knox - C. B. Wolf.

Lady Knox - Miss K. Beach.

Gen. Francis Marion - M. A. Felton.

Widow Hamilton - Miss Myres.

Friend Penn (widow of Wm. Penn) - Mrs. Gray.

Mother Washington - Mrs. Bailey.

Widow Warren - Mrs. Cramer.

Miss Cathrine - Mrs. Bonsall.

Red Jacket, Indian chief - Wm. York.

Mother Washington's working maids:

Peggy Jane - Miss Ida Grimes.

Sally Ann - Miss Nelly Porter.

Bridget and little daughter - Mrs. Fitch and daughter.

Irish character - Mrs. Gibby, assisted by mother McGuire.




The Arkansas river is full to its banks again.

TELL WALTON, Deputy County surveyor, called yesterday.

REVS. PLATTER and FLEMING exchanged pulpits last Sunday.

BERKEY has a Post Office at last, at Salt City. That is, he has one in his store.

ARKANSAS CITY needs a silversmith and tailor. Either of the above would do well here.

DIED. On Sunday, February 25th, of consumption, Melissa Beeson; aged 21 years.

A harness maker from Cedar Vale will locate here as soon as a room can be prepared.

CHAS. PARKER has laid the foundation for a new house near T. H. McLaughlin's residence.

MR. FARRAR, father of H. P. Farrar, returned to his home in Phillips, Maine, yesterday.

A lamp exploded in the hands of a little girl at Oxford last Friday, and burned her terribly.

MRS. FITCH will remove her stock of millinery to the building just vacated by Mr. Newton.

CAPT. BIRD sold 80 acres of land three miles north of town to H. C. Merrick, last week, for $800.

It costs a newspaper publisher about twenty cents a year postage on each paper sent out of the county.

HOUGHTON & McLAUGHLIN will continue the grocery trade in their old store building after they remove to Newman's brick.

SOLD OUT. Esquire Coburn sold his farm to Mr. Warren for $1,900. Mr. Warren also bought McFadden's and Reed's places.

DR. HOLLAND and a number of others expect to start to the Black Hills in April. They have their own teams and will go by land.

FOUR NEW STORES are to be opened at this place within the next six weeks: two dry goods, one grocery, and one drug store. Business.

SOME thief or thieves stole a rope from Theo. Houghton's oxen, and appropriated two of A. A. Newman's poorest ponies last week.

There are more preachers to the square mile about Arkansas City than any other town in the state, and new ones coming in every week.

PONY RACE. A race took place between Tom Boner's horse and Parr's two-year-old colt, on Grouse creek last Saturday. The colt won the races.


On next Friday evening, March 2nd, at the First Presbyterian Church in this city, that celebrated poem, Enoch Arden, by Tennyson, will be read by Rev. J. C. Rushbridge, for the benefit of Rev. J. J. Wingar of this place. It is well known to the good people of this vicinity that Rev. Wingar has labored here earnestly and effectually for the last two years, with but a small pittance for a support. He is about to leave us, with hardly means sufficient to even get to Wichita. Now is the time for the people to show their appreciation of him by coming out to hear read what will be highly interesting and instructive.

Rev. Rushbridge has deservedly a high reputation as a reader, having read this poem several times in England and Scotland, and in the Eastern States.

Tickets 25 cents; for sale at both drug stores.


There were two funerals last Monday at Parker's school house. Isaac Stanbury died on the 25th inst.; born July 13, 1805, in Green county, Tennessee; removed to McLean county, Illinois, in 1836; was connected and united with the M. E. Church in 1839, of which he has been an honored member ever since. Deceased has recently moved to this place from Illinois with his family, was much loved by them and all who knew him, and leaves many to mourn his loss.

Also, on the same day, Malissa, daughter of Wm. and Sarah Beeson, aged 21 years. She was a member of the M. E. Church, and lived and died in full faith and trust in her Redeemer, expressing a desire to depart and be with Christ. Funeral serviices conducted by Rev. J. J. Wingar, pastor M. E. Church.


LOOK OUT. Last week two ponies were stolen from A. A. Newman's pasture, and a bridle taken from E. B. Kager. Monday evening Charles Roseberry's mules were loosened rather suspiciously, and a saddle and bridle was found near the rock ford of the Arkansas. Parties have been seen loitering about, with no apparent business, and a few evenings since, someone tried to break into Journey Breene's house. Dr. Jones took up a pony that was wandering about his place, lately, which had evidently escaped from the rider as the bridle and saddle found near the ford indicate. It is rather early for horse stealing yet, but as soon as the grass is sufficient to afford feed, it will be well enough to keep a look out.


The Courier publishes a shameful and slanderous attack against Rev. J. L. Rushbridge, of the M. E. Church of Winfield, because the gentleman expressed sentiments contrary to those of the editor. It seems to be the disposition of the Courier to arraign everyone who differs with them. All are entitled to their own opinion and the privilege of expressing them, and as an editor has the opportunity of reaching the ears and attention of a multitude of readers, it is undue advantage to constantly assault everyone because they think and reason differently.


FAREWELL. REV. WINGAR preached his farewell sermon to a crowded house last Sunday evening. The Conference will be held at Wichita this week, and an effort made to have him returned. Arkansas City owes the present flourishing condition of the church and Sabbath school to him, and the united feeling of the members. A new church building is now under way, owing to his untiring energy, and it seems to have a stranger in his place would only be to abandon what has already begun, for no one can be sent to satisfactorily fill his place.


The entertainment at Pearson's Hall last week was well worth seeing. Besides the plays, songs, etc., there were the old fashioned characters of Washington, LaFayette, etc. Supper was served in the room below, and general enjoyment prevailed. The receipts were nearly $60. The proceeds will be devoted to building the new church.



THE PONCA INDIANS at the Central Avenue last week, thinking that the Agent intended taking them to Washington, started on foot to their reservation in Dakota, at about twelve o'clock at night. The distance is probably not less than 400 miles. The Ottoe Indians of Nebraska are their friends, and they expect to obtain ponies from them.


DIED. On Sunday morning, February 25, Mr. Stansburry, father-in-law of Mr. Jasper Hartsock. The old gentleman had just experienced a severe attack of pneumonia, and his system was so prostrated that he could not recover. Aged 71 years.


MAP OF COWLEY COUNTY. We present our readers this week a small map of Cowley county, with description of the same, the abstract assessment roll of 1876, official vote of the county, calendar of 1877, tax law, and other valuable reference matters. It is given as an additional inducement to the patrons of the TRAVELER, and will be given to subscribers only.


THE LOTTERY DRAWING OF CLARK AND WILLIAMS took place at Williams' school house last Thurday, before a number of people. As but one-tenth of the tickets were sold, very little of the property advertised was put in. The largest prize being a team and buggy, drawn by some party living in Winfield. The other prizes were of minor importance, such as lead pencils, beer, etc.


Arkansas City Traveler, February 28, 1877.

The number of prescriptions filled by Eddy's Drug Store since the beginning of Arkansas City is _____. Dr. Kellogg issued the first prescription, being "Five Compound Carthartic pills, to be taken at one dose." If we could just find out the man who took the pills, now, we could make it a matter of history for future generations.


ON THE 17TH DAY OF MARCH, 1877, at 4 o'clock p.m., at Parker's school house, there will be a meeting of the members of the Prairie View Cemetery to prepare means for fencing the grounds, and such other business as may come before the house. All who are interested are requested to attend.

G. H. SHEARER, Sec'y.

Feb. 26th, 1877.


We notice by the Telegram of last week that John D. Pryor and Miss Jennie Greenlee were married by Revs. Platter and Rigsby, on Wednesday, the 21st past. Mr. Pryor is a young man of considerable distinction, and has secured one of the most estimable ladies of Winfield's society.


The corner stone of the new Methodist Church will be laid with Masonic ceremonies on Friday, March 2nd, at 4 o'clock p.m. All Masons in good standing are invited to be present and assist in the ceremony. Members of the order will please meet at the Hall at one o'clock.

H. P. FARRAR, Secretary.


W. S. HUNT announces himself ready to attend to all matters pertaining to real estate, and will buy and sell land, pay taxes, execute transfer papers, etc. Mr. Hunt has been a long time resident of Cowley County, and is familiar with every portion of it. Give him a call at Bonsall's Gallery.


S. M. JARVIS has purchased the Cedar Vale Blade of W. M. Allison. Mr. Jarvis was formerly of Tisdale, this county, and while he is a new hand at the wheel, we know him to possess the required energy and tact that will make the Blade an interesting and readable county paper.


WORK ON THE NEW M. E. CHURCH goes steadily forward. The brick are laid above the window sill, and the frames will be put in in a day or two. Go around and look at it, and then lend your encouragement by sending a man around to work or leave something with them.


PONCAS. THE PONCA INDIANS that left this place last week, without the knowledge or consent of the Agent, are stopping at the Richie House in Wichita. A number of the Pawnees have gone up with ponies and pack horses to help them reach their reservation.




THE OFFICE OF COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT will be open, until further notice, on Saturday of every week, in the courthouse.


STRAYED. From the premises of Thos. Baird, in Bolton Township, on or about January 20th, one large black and white brood sow, in thin order. Anyone having or hearing of the same, will please address the undersigned at this office.



FOUND. Three desk keys tied together with twisted twine.


FULL-BLOOD BERKSHIRE PIGS for sale cheap, for cash.



MULES FOR SALE. Team, wagon, and harness. W. S. HUNT.



NEW STORE. Mr. Wilson, of Leavenworth, has been spending several days at this place, to make arrangements to open a dry goods store. He has secured the building south of Gardner's, and as soon as it can be made ready, will open a new stock of goods.


The corner stone of the M. E. Church will be laid by the Masonic Fraternity, in due and ancient form, next Friday afternoon at two o'clock. A copy of the TRAVELER, history of the church, and other matters, will be deposited beneath the stone.


MR. BERKEY traded his farm to Houghton & McLaughlin for $2,200 worth of dry goods and will open a store in Salt City this week. His stock will be about a $3,000 one, and will be a great benefit to the residents of Salt City.


CAUGHT AT LAST. Monroe and Magee, the illicit whiskey distillers whom Sheriff Walter frightened out of this county, were arrested near Elgin, Kansas, last week, by a detective, and are now at Topeka awaiting trial.


J. L. HUEY will in a week or ten days open a real estate office in this city, where all kinds of notary work will be attended to such as drawing deeds, mortgages, etc., and any other business in that line.


BORN. On Friday, February 23rd, to Mr. and Mrs. Mussleman, a son. Weight eight poinds. It is two pounds below the average, but it is a bright, sparkling boy. This makes nine for Mr. Mussleman.


ALLEN & SPEERS have entered into partnership and will hereafter be ready to give estimates and take contracts for all kinds of painting. Both are well known, and reliable men.


PASSMORE shot his dog that was bitten by the mad dog last week, but is keeping the calf and hog to await developments. The dog that was mad was not Joseph Hoyt's.


RACE. A race of three hundred yards will take place seven miles east of Caldwell, next Saturday, between "Gray Cow," and Murdock's "Sleepy Jack," for $400 a side.


MR. WM. NEWTON takes up his residence at Winfield this week. He is a man of whom we have great respect, and our wish is that he may prosper in his new location.


GEO. O. SWEET, of Alleghany, Pennsylvania, made a stay of a few days in this place last week. He represents a leather and hide firm of the Keystone State.


MR. ADDISON STUBBS has gone south to dispose of some of the celebrated Hamilton Corn Shellers, and will probably accept the position of Issuing Clerk at the Cheyenne and Arraphahoe Indian Agency, tendered him by Agent Miles. A more competent or exemplary young man Agent Miles might search for a long time in vain. Emporia Ledger.




Indian ponies are dying of starvation.

Dr. Payne, of the Cherokees, is dead.

The Osage delegation is yet in Washington.

More than 60,000 Indians live in this Territory.

Myriads of grasshoppers, small as wheat grains, bask in the sun.

An old Indian battle ground is plainly marked on this reservation.

A herd of about 20 deer graze in the south part of this reservation.

A bill appropriating $100,000 for the Osages has passed the House.

The Star-Vindicator is the organ for the Baptist church in Oklahoma.

Governor Overton, of the Chickasaw nation, has gone to Washington.

There is no probability of the Sioux being removed to this Territory now.

There is a church membership of more than 6,000 persons in the tribes of this Territory.

The wheat crop in some portions of the Indian Territory is a failure. Denison (Texas) News.

Yesterday an Indian carried a polecat in his blanket, and today his wife feasts her little ones on soup.

We have seen a living grass root and a swelling elm bud, and next week Kansas editors will talke "spring" to us.

Stock of all kinds in the Indian Territory has been on the decrease from year to year ever since the war. Star Vindicator.

An old Pawnee woman is said to be dancing herself to death because her son, who is now in the Black Hills country, has killed three Sioux.

The big "Indian scare" in Arkansas City the other day reminds us of similar occurrences in former days. There are no Osages out and the whole thing is a farce. Kansas had better talk of war with the grasshoppers this year than death from Osages.




The M. E. Church held a festival at the Centennial school house, which was a financial success, the net proceeds amounting to $42.00. The money was immediately handed to Rev. Jones, preacher in charge. A cake was voted to one of our handsomest young ladies.

The Good Tamplar Lodge, Red Bud, No. 41, is still flourishing, increasing in numbers and interest.

The P. of H. Grand Prairie Grange No. 881 is alive and active in carrying out the principles of the Order. This Grange boasts of several members who have not bought five dollars worth of goods or groceries on credit during the past five years.

Gustavus Locker recently sold his farm to John Walck, Auglaize county, Ohio, for $2,075. Mr. Walck bought this farm for a homestead, and it is the fifth quarter section he has bought in this township.

The Lyceum at the Star Valley school house meets weekly to discuss questions of political and social economy. The first was, Resolved, That every young man should acquire property to the amount of $1,000, before taking unto himself a wife, and was decided in the affirmative. The second, Resolved, That Cowley county vote bonds to aid in the construction of a railroad through the county, was negative. Capt. Siverd and Mr. Lane were the chief disputants. Tough, isn't it? We do pity you Arkansas City chaps, but as we are 25 miles nearer the kingdom, we will try to stand it. RED BUD.

February 19, 1877.




A resolution, protesting against the removal of the Sioux to the Indian Territory, passed the Arkansas Legislature without a dissenting voice. Star Vindicator.




PLEASANT VALLEY, KANS., February 26, 1877.

Your correspondents need not poke us with their essays on 'hoppers, and charge it to our sins. We have good reasons to believe that the laws of nature govern all 'hoppers. When they are drouthed out of our great Northwest, they ride with the most available winds to green fields. When God created anything, he created a law to govern it for all time to come. When he made the 'hopper, the chinch bug, the army worm, the Colorado nettle, the weed seed, etc., they can not suppose the Creator expected to pay especial attention to each individual bug or seed of the weed, while it was in his power to make what we call the natural law that governs all. Neither need our county papers come to us and go to our friends at a distance, telling the astounding stories that "grasshoppers are hatching out on the Arkansas," or "a few miles above town." Is there a person living so benighted as to suppose God had ever made such a mistake as to make the 'hopper before he made the grass to feed him on? Bosh. On general principles, the same balmy wind and sun that sprouts the grass hatches the 'hopper; otherwise, the job would be a bad one.

Wheat is growing fast; prospect for a good crop if the 'hoppers spare it.

Please don't send us too many railroads. Tell your citizens to drive slow, as we farmers are not going to build a road until we see money in it. Pleasant Valley has no corner lots in Arkansas City or Winfield, and our city friends need not come at us with oil on their tongues and spice on their breath. We are awake, and if we go a nickle on a railroad, we want to know when and how we will make five cents out of the investment. In other words, farmers must look to their own interests, and let those who are interested in city real estate look after it. We want no such thing as a majority bond law.

South Bend Grange has "broke ground" for a Grange hall on Granger Jo Hill's farm near Posey creek, he donating 2-1/2 acres. Building, 24 x 28 x 10.

School District No. 10 had a base ball club. They have penalties attached to all swear talk, improper words, and to wallowing on Ed. Chapin's hay stacks. They have just ordered a McNeale & Urban safe for the use of the treasurer. They also have a Lyceum, and will discuss female suffrage next Friday night at the Holland school house; after that they will correct matters at Washington, etc. OLD GROWLER.




Inspector E. C. Kemble, of the U. S. Indian Service, James Lawrence, U. S. Agent for the Poncas, White Eagle, Standing Buffalo, Big Elk, The Chief, Standing Bear, Smoke Maker, White Swan, Lone Chief, Hard Walker, and Little Picker, head chiefs of the Poncas, and U. S. Interpreter Charlie, are now stopping at the residence of Agent Beede and at the De Larue House.

They are here on a tour of inspection, having agreed to cede their Dakota lands to the government of the United States, and accept a home in this Territory where all Northern Indians will ultimately come for the preservation of their tribes and protection against encroachments by whites.

A larger framed and nobler set of men it has never been our fortune to see. Their language is strikingly similar to the Osage, many words of the same meaning being pronounced alike by both tribes. This, together with a tradition which has been transmitted from their ancestors to the present generation, makes us believe that they were once a part and parcel of the Osage Nation.

From this place they go west to the valley of the Ne-shu-tsa (Arkansas) and probably to the Chicaska River also before returning to their kindred in the north.

Their present reservation contains 96,000 acres and is located in the southeast part of the Dakota Territory, on the Missouri River, where they claim to have lived for more than one hundred years. In the rear of their Agent's residence is an old grass and tree grown fort, which they say was built by and for the protection of their ancestors from the murderous attacks of the Sioux, for whom they yet cherish no feeling save that of hatred and revenge.

The tribe now numbers 742 souls, and, notwithstanding the loss of those who fall victims to the war parties of the Northern Sioux that continue to raid upon them during spring and summer, they have slowly and steadily increased in numbers during the last six years.

We are informed by Agent Lawrence that they cultivated 600 acres last year without the aid of white labor. They have a day school with an average attendance of 75 pupils. He also informs us that scrofula and consumption are most prevalent among them, and that the word "ague" is unknown to the Poncas.

The Poncas stopping here are all dressed as citizens first, and then covered with finely beaded blankets. When at home they have substantial log cabins to live in and none of the tribe now acknowledge the lodge or wickiup as home; and when they first came on this reservation and saw the cone-like lodges of the Osages made of United States flags stretched over poles, they were disappointed in their own people.

The Poncas all have fields in which they grow corn, wheat, potatoes, pumpkins, etc. The men of this tribe do the roughest of outdoor work, and in weight and muscular strength are far above that of whites.

Some three years since, the Rev. J. Owen Dorsey, an Episcopalian Missionary, was sent to labor among these people, and at the close of the first year twenty of the tribe were admitted to church membership. They now have a neat chapel in which from 150 to 200 Poncas assemble every Sabbath and quietly listen to instructions given by May, a teacher, in the absence of an ordained minister. This is an index to the moral and intellectual condition of this tribe; but yet ignorant and evil designing people continue to proclaim the impracticability of the Peace Policy among Indians. Indian Herald.




The Sun Dance.

During the years of long ago, before Episcopalian Missionaries commenced their labor of love among the Ponca Indians, the "Sun dance" was their mode of worshiping the Great Spirit.

A plot of ground was enclosed by a high wall leaning toward a still higher post, which stood in the center of the enclosure. This post was firmly planted, and from its top was suspended a half dozen lariats. The ground here was now sacred; and the preparation for worship complete.

The pious Poncas, in buckskin shirts, extending from the waist to the ankle, leaving their chest and arms to display the gaudiness of paint, then entered, formed a half circle, and were seated, facing the center post. A red stone pipe of peculiar finish was next passed from one to another, and each whiffed upward the blue curls as an invocation to the Great Spirit. After this they arose, sounded their bone whistles, and commenced dancing, when two to five of these religious devotees broke ranks and gathered at the center post, where they were joined by "medicine men" who commenced the work of "trying their souls."

This they did by making four perpendicular incisions, two parallel with each other and near each nipple. The skin between the incisions on each breast was separated from the flesh beneath it and a wooden cylinder, long enough to reach from one side of the chest to the other, was then inserted. To this piece of wood and immediately over the sternum (or breast bone) was tied a lariat suspending from the top of the post, and while the blood oozed from their wounds, they blew whistles and danced, swinging to and fro until the pieces of wood were actually torn from their bodies.

The ring dancers gazed steadily upon the sun from the commencement of the ceremony until it sank behind the grass covered hills of the west, and thus the name "Sun dance."

Indian Herald.




The Township board will be petitioned to appropriate a sum of money not exceeding $360.00 to be used in repairing of the bridge across Dutch Creek, just above town. It is now proposed to raise the piers and put in an iron bridge--which can be done at the cost of something over $800,000--the gentlemen proposing to erect it agreeing to take the subscriptions already raised for pay as far as they go. Telegram.





PRETTY GOOD. The Courier of last week gives an exceedingly complimentary notice of the editor himself, for the wonderful influence he exerted in securing the passage of the new bond law bill requiring a majority vote only, and says:

"The friends of a railroad have reason to thank Col. Manning, Leland J. Webb, and R. L. Walker for their untiring efforts in their behalf. Leland J. Webb, solitary and alone, aided by Col. Manning's fertile brain and Dick Walker's splendid tact, wins the fight and the people are again triumphant."

The facts are that the two gentlemen spoken of, not members of the Legislature, learned at Winfield that the law was about to pass, as we learned here, and immediately hurried away to share the supposed glory of its success. The matter was all understood before the gentlemen left Winfield, and they barely arrived to see the result of it, notwithstanding credit is given to the gentleman of "fertile brain" notoriety.

Mr. Webb worked earnestly for the bill, and with the assistance of Prof. Kellogg, of Lyon, and members from the Western counties, secured its passage, while the Winfield gentlemen were eagerly hunting over the papers to learn the result.




Senate Bill No. 74, by Mr. Savage.

An act to amend an act entitled "An act to enable counties, townships, and cities to aid in the construction of railroads, and to repeal section eight of chapter thirty-nine of the laws of 1874," approved Feb. 25, 1875.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Kansas:

Section 1. That section five of the act to which this is amendatory be amended so as to read as follows:

Section 5. If a majority of the qualified electors voting at such election shall vote for such subscription or loan, the board of county commissioners for and on behalf of such county or township, or the mayor and council for and on behalf of such city, shall order the county or city clerk, as the case may be, to make such subscription or loan in the name of such county, township, or city, and shall cause such bonds with coupons attached, as may be required by the terms of said proposition, to be issued in the name of such county, township, or city, which bonds when issued for such county or township shall be signed by the chairman of the board of county commissioners and attested by the county clerk under the seal of such county, and when issued for such city shall be signed by the mayor and attested by the city clerk under the seal of said city: Provided, No such bonds shall be issued until the railroad to which the subscription or loan is proposed to be made shall be completed and in operation through the county, township, or city, voting such bonds, or to such point in such county, township, or city as may be specified in the proposition set forth in the petition required in the first section of this act.

Sec. 2. That section five of the act to which the amendatory be and the same is hereby repealed.

Sec. 3. This act shall take affect and be in force from and after its publication in the Weekly Commonwealth.

The above bill passed the Senate on a vote of 21 for and 7 against, and the House, by a majority of three.




Time Table.

A. T. & S. F. RAILWAY.

Express and mail, arrives at Wichita daily.

Leaves daily, at 3:40 a.m.

Freight and accommodation arrives daily at 4:45 p.m.

Through freight and stock express leaves daily at 9:00 a.m.

Trains leave Newton for the west--express, 10:25 p.m., freight, 2:15 p.m., 11:45 p.m., and 1:35 p.m.

Trains connect at Wichita with Southwestern Stage Company, for Augusta, Douglas, Winfield, Arkansas City, Oxford, Belle Plaine, Sumner City, Wellington, Pond Creek, Cheyenne Agency, Wichita Agency, and Fort Sill.




WINFIELD has a milk wagon.

A slight snow fell last Sunday.

ED. FINNEY and JOE SHERBURNE have returned from Osage Agency.

SID MAJOR has refurnished his furniture at the Central Hotel in Winfield.

H. O. MEIGS is contemplating building a handsome residence in Wichita.

The school house seems to be an inducement for the increase in population on the north side.

THE WALNUT RIVER BRIDGE is to be built of iron and wood, and to be completed June 2, 1877.

MR. BEAN, a silversmith from Iowa, has opened a shop in the post office building, and is ready for work.

BORN. On last Saturday morning Mr. James Benedit was made the happy recipient of a ten-pound boy.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. James Hughes, on Saturday, March 3rd, a son. Dr. Alexander had charge of ceremonies.

Another jewelry swindler "took in" a lot of the unwary last Monday. Tom Boner lost $16 and David Bright a small sum.

J. L. KELLOGG, ex-Treasurer of Sumner county, and relative of Dr. Kellogg, has been spending several days at this place.

A special meeting of Crescent Lodge will be held at Benedict's Hall this Wednesday evening.

The grass northwest of town was set fire Monday evening, and many acres burned over. If the grass is allowed to remain until the grasshoppers are hatched, it would serve a good purpose.


It is rumored that Miles, Agent of the Cheyenne and Arrapahoe Agency, intends to place a guard over the timber in the Indian Territory, with a view to arresting and prosecuting parties who go there for wood.


BERRY BROTHERS' stock of groceries began coming in last Monday. The teams were all well loaded, and there were a number of them. Call up and examine them--store opposite the Cowley County Bank, in J. H. Sherburne's old stand.


LAYING THE CORNER STONE. The ceremony of laying the corner stone of the M. E. Church building at this place was conducted in due and ancient form by the members of Crescent Lodge No. 132, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, on last Friday afternoon. Deputy Right Worshipful Master, M. L. Read, of Winfield, had charge of ceremonies, assisted by Rev. Rushbridge and Wingar.

The members of Crescent Lodge were well represented, as well as members of the fraternity from adjacent Lodges, and the residents of this vicinity. The procession was headed by the Arkansas City Brass Band, followed by the Stewarts, Entered Apprentices, Fellowcrafts, Master Masons, Senior and Junior Deacons, Senior and Junior Wardens, and Past Masters. At the proper time a sealed tin box, containing a sketch of the Lodge, history of the M. E. Church and Arkansas City from their beginning, two copies of the TRAVELER, with statistics of Cowley county, inducements to emigrants, and a number of coins, were placed in the rock, and the stone lowered to its place, after which the assembly dispersed.


WALNUT RIVER BRIDGE. A contract was made last Friday by T. McIntire, Trustee; Wyard Gooch, Treasurer; and W. D. Mowry, Clerk of Creswell township, with Mr. J. A. Bullene, agent of the Missouri Valley Bridge Co., of Leavenworth, for a wrought iron arch span of 100 feet, and a combination Queen Truss span of 50 feet, over the Walnut river at Newman's mill, to be completed on or before the second day of June, 1877. The bridge is to be 150 feet long, built in two spans, and have one roadway twelve feet wide in the clear, to be constructed on the Arch and Queen Truss bridge plan, for which the Township Trustee, for and on behalf of Creswell township, agrees to pay $2,000 in ten years, ten percent, township bonds, and $200 in township warrants payable: one-half on February 1st, 1878, and one-half February 1st, 1879; binding themselves in the penal sum of $1,000 for the faithful performance of every article of agreement.


MR. WM. COOMBS has some extra fine Brahma chickens on his place, and being desirous of introducing the breed more extensively in this ection, he offers the eggs for sale, for setting purposes. These chickens were brought from the East, and are of superior quality. Our farmers could not do a better thing than invest in a few of these eggs, and raise first class poultry.


They carry the mail between Winfield and Arkansas City in a lumber wagon. Courier.

Everyone cognizant with the facts knows the above to be an unmitigated lie. The mails on any route to this place have not been carried in a lumber wagon for several years.




One day last week we were shown a sample of plaster paris, manufactured five miles east of South Haven, in this county, by Messrs. Lloyd and Illingsworth, from the gypsum found in inexhaustible deposits in that locality. The plaster exhibited is said by competent judges to be of excellent quality, and it tood the various tests to which it was submitted in our presence, handsomely. This firm is also manufacturing water lime and cement from stone found in the same locality. The manufacture of the articles promises to become a very important industry in Sumner county. Press.




The grist and saw mill of McClaskey & Spencer, located on the Shawkuska river, within one-half mile of the Territory, is now ready for work.


300 POUNDS OF FISH. MR. HARTSOCK seined out 300 pounds of fish from the Walnut last Wednesday, and among the rest a shovel catfish, with a beak a foot and a half long.


PARTIES at Wichita are endeavoring to have Dr. Hughes remove to that place. The Doctor has a wide reputation and extensive practice at this place that he cannot well afford to abandon.


MARRIED. MR. FRANK GALLOTTI and MISS ELEN ROSS, both of Winfield, were married by Rev. Platter, on the evening of February 22nd. The many friends of Mr. Gallotti rejoice in his good fortune.


LAMP EXPLOSION. A lamp exploded at Poke Steven's house last Tuesday evening, after most of the family had retired. The fire caught a dress that was hanging up, and came near setting the house on fire.


A resident of Winfield, with whom we conversed the other day, remarked "The attack of the editor of the Courier on Rev. Rushbridge will just about play him out entirely in Winfield. It was the last kick of his death stroke."




A White Man, Single-Handed,

Repulses a Large Band of Sioux.

By Mr. Henry Tilley, of Ness county, says the Hays City (Kan.) Sentinel, we learn the particulars of an Indian fight which occurred about four weeks ago, in what is known as the "Cone," at the mouth of Sand Creek, about 65 miles west of Ness post office, in which Dr. Tichenor killed four Sioux Indians, and was himself wounded.

The Doctor and a man named Dickenson were out in that section of the country poisoning wolves, and had built a temporary dug-out in which to store their skins and provisions. A few days previous to the fight, Dickenson had taken their team and gone into the settlement after provisions, leaving the Doctor to run the camp.

The Doctor was asleep in their dug-out on the morning of the third day of Dickenson's departure, when he was awakened by a slight noise at the door. Thinking the intruder was a wolf or a skunk, he took up his gun and opened the door, to be confronted b a many, and that man was a Sioux brave, but at that time it was so dark that he could distinguish little more than the outlines. He demanded his business, when the brave turned and fled; and as the Doctor stepped outside to get a shot at him, he was greeted with a volley, which drove him back into the dug-out. Barricading the door as best he could, he awaited daylight.

In the meantime, the Indians, numbering about forty, as near as he could tell, had moved further up the creek; but with daylight, one of them whom Tichenor thinks was the chief, from his dress, came to the dug-out carrying a white rag, and in broken English, demanded his surrender. Tichenor told him there were three men in the dug-out well armed and prepared to fight, and refused to surrender. The chief commenced to threaten, and told the valiant Doctor he would have his scalp. This the Doctor thought to be a declaration of war and shot the red man dead in his tracks, and at the very door of the dug-out. The entire band then rushed in, but were driven back by several well directed shots. The next maneuver by the assailants was an attempt to smoke him out by burning buffalo chips and the wood-work of the dug-out. From his position in the dug-out he could not see the Indian who was superintending the conflagration department, and knowing that if a stop was not put to it, he was a "goner." He made a dash for the outside, kicking the buffalo chips aside, and exchanged shots with the head fireman, who was making tracks for his comrades, killing him instantly, and received a bullet through the lower part of his person. This man fell within five feet of his dug-out door.

Then commenced a long ranged shooting match, in which the Doctor is confident he killed two or more and wounded one. This was kept up during the day, but toward nightfall a terrible snow and wind storm came up, driving the red men to the south and snowing the brave man in. Had it not been for this, they would evidently have got him, for his wound though not dangerous, incapacitated him for fighting. He lay in bed for three days, suffering severely. At the expiration of sixteen days the weather moderated, and he started on foot for the settlements, reaching them in safety, and bringing trophies of one of the most remarkable fights on record. Though wounded but once, the Doctor received several bullets through his clothing, and during his subsequent stay, picked forty bullets out of the wall of the dug-out.




The Chetopa Herald says Miss Lucella Neale is "the prettiest girl in Dexter." Pass her round.


Senator Ingalls has reported from the Committee on Indian Affairs his new bill for citizenizing the Indians.


There is considerable anxiety on the subject of opening up the Indian Territory. Congress is doing nothing now but attending to the Presidential matter, and nothing else will be done outside of appropriations before next December.




From the Black Hills.

[From the Cowley County Telegram.]

The following letter, from the Black Hills, we are allowed to publish through the courtesy of the gentleman to whom it was addressed.

DEADWOOD, Feb. 15th, 1877.

WM. C. BRIANT: I received yours, of December, and laid it by, as I had not time to answer it at that time, and it has got misplaced; and in consequence, will have to answer your many questions from memory. If I do not answer all, do not think that I did not want to do so. The first, if I remember, was, would it pay you to come out in the spring? That would be a hard question for me to answer--but I will just say that if I was there, I would not come--you can do as you please.

2d. You could not get anything to do at this time. I think wages will be from $2 to $3 per day.

3d. Green hands have done as well as old miners, so far.

4th. Board is from $3 to $16 per week.

5th. Soe making and carpentering is over done here, the worst of any place I ever saw.

6th. I would not advise anyone to come; but if they are bound to do so, I would say, come with a team and leave the railroad at Sidney.

7th. If I was coming with a wagon, I would bring flour, bacon, sugar, and coffee.

8th. That would depend on how you were coming. If you come by wagon, I would start by the first of April--if by rail and stage, you can start as soon as you please, as the stage comes in three times a week.

9th. There is a paper printed here and I have been sending it to the New Salem Free Press, in care of C. P. all winter. Let me know if they have been receiving them. I will send you a copy. Yes, send me all the reading matter you can, for we don't get much here.

Now if I have omitted any question you asked, just write again and I will try and save it until I answer. Now, let me say a word--the mines are not half as extensive as the papers report them. We have a very small mining country. There was nothing discovered last summer or this winter in the shape of gulch or placer diggings. There has been some quartz lodes discovered here that I think are tolerably good but nothing extra.

* * * * *

Send along the papers. I will be thankful for them.

Respectfully, etc.,





The various township assessors met at the Courthouse on Monday last, for the purpose of adopting a uniform personal property valuation list. Every township in the county was represented by its assessor except one. The meeting was organized by electing Capt. J. S. Hunt Chairman and S. S. Moore Secretary. On motion the following grades and appraisements were adopted for the present year.

HORSES. Stallions and fast horses, from $150 to $500; work horses, 1st grade, from $75 to $150; 2nd grade, from $35 to $75; ponies and colts, from $10 to $35.

NEAT CATTLE. 1st grade, bulls and four-year-old fat cattle, and over, from $30 to $45; 2nd grade, bulls and all fat steers less than 4 years old, $20 to $30; Cows--1st grade, from $20 to $30; 2nd grade, from $10 to $20. Steers--three-year-old, from $15 to $30; two-year-old, and heifers, from $8 to $15; yearlings, from $3 to $8. Twenty percent off for Texas cattle.

WORK CATTLE. 1st grade, from $70 to $100; 2nd grade, from $40 to $75.

MULES. 1st grade, per pair, from $200 to $250; 2nd grade, per pair, from $75 to $200; young mules, from $25 to $75; asses, from $20 to $250.

SHEEP. Fine wool bucks, from $7 to $13; common, from $1.50 to $5.

HOGS. From $2 to $25.

GOATS. From $1 to $3.

AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS. First class headers, harvesters, and threshing machines; 50 percent off from first cost; reapers, mowers, and wagons, 30 percent off from first cost; all other farming implements left to the judgment of the assessor.

Motion made and carried that all grain be assessed at its cash value at the bin and crib.

Motion made and carried that the papers in Winfield and Arkansas City be requested to print this basis gratuitously.

S. S. MOORE, Secretary.




A proposition has been made, and accepted by a steamboat man, for the bringing of the "General Wiles" from Little Rock, Arkansas, to this place.


The citizens of Butler and Cowley counties are invited to meet at Douglass, March 17, 1871, at 11 a.m., to consider a proposition to vote county bonds to a narrow gauge railroad.


STEAMBOAT. Mr. Graverock, an engineer of Kansas City, of some reputation, has accepted the proposition of the Boat Company of this place to bring the steamboat "Gen. Wiles," from Little Rock to this place, and says it is only a question of time when he will reach here. He owns one small boat that was built for, and is being used, on the Neosho river for carrying rock for bridge purposes, and intends to bring it up also.




FLOCKS of geese are flying north.

TOM CALLAHAM has taken up a stray mule.

The farmers are jubilant over the present prospects of a railroad.

SALE. B. F. Nesmite will sell horses, hogs, and corn on April 2nd.

A very large prairie fire extended for miles east of the Walnut Monday night.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Maurer, of Beaver township, February 20th, a son.

Some parties at Maple City have tried blue grass on the prairie, and find it grows well.

The sign "Bashaw Livery," has been painted over as it did not answer well for a millinery sign.

The butchers killed a hog the other day raised by Wm. Randall, that weighed 576 pounds, live weight.

A couple of our citizens visited Winfield last Saturday, and the brewery gave out, as a matter of consequence.

MR. AND MRS. HENRY PRUDEN arrived from Dayton, Ohio, last week, having enjoyed a very pleasant visit.

M. A. FELTON and MR. YORK attended the M. E. Conference at Wichita, with a view of being ordained ministers of the ggospel.

The Followers of Christ church organization that began with three members in Bolton Township one year ago, now number 51 members.

Arkansas City Traveler, March 14, 1877.

Total number of prescriptions filled at the "People's Drug Store," 6,419; number filled by Kellogg & Hoyt in fifteen months, 2,790; number filled in September, 1876, 677.

McGEE and MONROE, who were arrested a few weeks since at Elgin, were confined nine days in jail at Independence, and finally released for want of sufficient evidence.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. Purdy, on last Wednesday, a ten-pound boy; as fine a young fellow as the attending physician ever looked upon. Dr. Alexander was the attendant.

A NEW BOARDING HOUSE AND RESTAURANT is to be opened by H. Godehard this week, in the building opposite the City Bakery. Hermann will feed his patrons on the fat of the land.

The office owes its thanks to Hermann for a treat to oranges and apples. The oranges are the first of this spring's market, and are delicious, and the apples genuine Michigan fruit. Fifty cents will buy a dozen oranges.

At church Sunday evening the dogs took quite a prominent part, and for awhile it was a question which would be heard. The owners of the animals should consider the feelings of the congregation, and leave their canines at home.


A CHASE. Sunday evening of last week a man riding a jaded horse supposed to be stolen, stopped at the City Livery. After he had left the next morning, a Colt's improved revolver was missing. The constable and Ed. Finney went in pursuit, following up the Arkansas to Oxford, thence to Nenescah, where they learned their game had passed during the afternoon.

Near Winfield, at about 10 o'clock at night, they found the house he stopped at, and riding up to the door, shouted, "Hello." Presently the man of the house came to the door and inquired what they wanted. He was told, and requested to tell the stranger to come out. The stranger declined, asking the boys to "come in." The boys insisted that he should come out, and he finally did so, when they told him what had been found missing. He simply remarked, "You've barked up the wrong tree this time, gentlemen. It won't take two minutes to go through my baggage." They examined him and found nothing stolen, and soon came back, as they had no authority to detain him for the supposed stolen horse.


HORRIBLE DEATH BY FREEZING. On last Wednesday evening, George Tolles, a dwarf, aged 54 years, left Mr. Blendins, near Maple City, and started for his home on Grouse creek. As all will remember, a cold, windy hail storm began about 9 o'clock, during which Tolles was out, only a few miles from home. Not being a man of sound mind, he soon lost his way, and instead of going southwest, went southeast; then back almost to where he left the road, and southwest again. He then left the road and went southeast, until he reached the Territory, where he laid down and died. When he came back to the road a second time, he was within one mile an a half of Mr. Musselman's house. Not hearing anything of him, a party started in pursuit a day afterwards, and after following his tracks many miles, finally came to where he lay dead and stiff. Some animal had eaten a portion of his face, and his appearance was sad and horrible. The day following the neighbors carried him to a resting place, where his remains lay unmarked, except by the new made earth.


FIRE. On last Wednesday morning, while Dr. Alexander was smoking some meat in an apartment just back of his house, the flames caught fire to the floor and extended to his building, and had it not been for the timely discovery of one of the neighbors, would have burned the entire buildings. The doctor made a thanks offering by giving one-half of the meat to the poor, after he discovered his danger.


McGEE AT LIBERTY. On the 27th of February, McGee was arraigned before the court at Independence, Kansas, charged with illicit distilling, and making spirituous liquors without a license. There being no evidence against him, he was released. He then entered suit against the parties that arrested him for $1,000, for false imprisonment, and finally compromised by them paying him $200. F. M.


ALL WHO SERVED IN THE MEXICAN WAR, who reside in the Arkansas Valley, are requested to meet at Eagle Hall, in Wichita, on the afternoon of March 24th, for the purpose of creating and perfecting an organization of the old veterans, the object of which will be explained at the meeting. It is hoped that all who possibly can will attend.


SIMMS' HORSE, "Sleepy Jack," won the race with Jim Moreland's "Gray Cow," last Saturday, by seven feet. It was a close race, but the owners of the winning horse are ready to put up $1,000 on a 500 yard race with anyone that wants to run. The distance ran was 200 yards.


That herd of cows driven through town last Monday was won at the horse race near Caldwell, last Saturday. The pig in the wagon was also won, but as it was a pet, and the wife and children made such a fuss over it, we thought we wouldn't mention it.


LAND AGENTS. AMOS WALTON and RUDOLPH HOFFMASTER have entered into partnership for the sale of real estate. They are old residents and know every foot of land in Cowley and Sumner counties, and parties desiring to buy will be conveyed to all parts of the county free of charge. Legal documents executed at reasonable rates, and titles and abstracts carefully looked after. We can recommend them as perfectly responsible men.


NEW STORE. In another column appears the advertisement of A. W. Berkey, who has recently opened a large stock of goods at Salt City. We have examined his stock and find it to be one of the best, and would suggest that the people of Salt City and vicinity give them a liberal patronage, as they propose to sell as cheap as any house south of Wichita.



REVIVAL. Revs. Taylor, a Baptist, Broadbent, of the Christian Church, and McCue of the United Brethren have been holding a series of meetings for three weeks at the Theaker school house, with good success--fifteen having embraced the faith.


MILKS had his hand severely hurt by his team running away at Wichita. They took fright at the cars, and Milks intends to stay at home now until the cars come here, and then he will get them used to the engine.




Hon. L. J. Webb returned from his labors (which, by the way, have been much for this place) on the 8th, and will resume the practice of law.

The "Philomathic," a society organized among the enterprising portion of the community for literary purposes, meets every Friday evening. The programme for tonight consists of music by the string band, essays, and debate. The topic for discussion tonight is, "Resolved, That man is a creature of circumstances." In connection with the exercises, they answer all scientific and historical questions.

Our new church buildings are progressing finely, and will soon be completed. It is the wish of the community that Rev. Rushbridge should be returned to this charge, for which he has been laboring unceasingly.

Platter's and Williams' building will be pushed as rapidly as possible until completed. W. H. Maris is refitting his store building with a new front, when it will be occupied by T. E. Gilleland's boot and shoe store. The same gentleman will soon begin to build a stone store building, 25 x 100 feet, on the same block, opposite the Central Hotel. As soon as completed, it will be occupied by J. B. Lynn. Mr. Wm. Newton, from Arkansas City, has opened a harness shop in Mullen's old stand, where he keeps a full supply of goods in his line. A new store is being opened in Boyle's old stand by a firm from Council Grove.

The above are only a few of the improvements taking place in our little city.

The repeal of the bond law is discussed often and long, and yet some are not convinced it is for the best. "And still we have no railroad." ***]

P.S. Since writing, or rather, while writing, the jubilee began, and the enthusiastic ones are making things lively by firing anvils, building bonfires, making speeches, etc.




Notice. Persons having cattle to herd would do well to drop Wm. Allen a note. He will herd them for 20 cents per month, and furnish salt. Herd ground 4 miles west of Arkansas City, on State line.


Cattle Herded. I have a range of 4 miles on the Arkansas River and Territory line, with timber and good water, and will herd cattle for 20 cents per month and colts at 25 cents, and be responsible for the stock. A good Durham bull with the herd. M. Chambers, 9 miles southeast of Arkansas City.






Will sell your lands. We keep a team constantly on hand to show lands, and have all the requisits of a first-class Real Estate Office. Call and see us, in the Benedict building, corner of Summit Street and Central Avenue, Arkansas City.





Its Perambulations in Cowley County.

Ever since the creation of the world, it has been the custom to tell ghost stories, and of the rattling of chains, etc. But our story is of a milder nature.

About two miles and a half northeast of Tisdale, in Cowley County, lives a family by the name of Mulford. They came from Iowa about two years ago. They are all consistent members of the Methodist church, and have never believed in spiritualism or in the many ghost stories so often told.

But about three weeks ago, after returning from evening service, Mrs. Mulford says she was unable to go to sleep, and, from some unknown reason, she had laid awake until the clock was just striking twelve, when the door opened softly, and by the light of the moon, she saw a most beautiful woman with dark eyes, pale face, dressed in a loose flowing robe, and her hair falling down over her shoulders in dark, rich folds. She says at first she was so surprised that she knew not what to do or say; but after a little reflection, she felt sure of the protection of Providence, and determined to speak to the object, let it be woman, devil, or ghost.

She spoke and asked the mission of the strange being. And the lady in black approached her, walking softly and majestically, and said about twenty-three years ago, my husband and I were returning from California, and we were pursued and captured by Indians, but we escaped and traveled night and day, leaving the regular trail, expecting to elude them, but were finally over-taken on a certain high point on the Mulford farm. She described it so minutely that Mrs. Mulford very readily recognized it.

The woman said that when they saw that they would be overtaken, they buried a pot of gold on the top of the hill, and placed a stone over the top of it. After saying this, she gently departed. And the next night at exactly the same time, she returned again as before, and the next, until she had appeared three nights in succession.

Mrs. Mulford was so strongly impressed of the truthfulness of the spirit that she wrote to a spiritual medium in Iowa, asking him if the lady in black would injure her in any way if they searched for the gold.

At last accounts, she had not received any answer. The circumstance has created quite an excitement in the neighborhood.

Cedarvale Blade.




Fence posts eight cents each.

A. K. JENKINS died of pneumonia last week, after lingering but a short time.

The trade in hides and furs at this place is much more extensive than people would believe.

The first hogshead of sugar ever at Arkansas City came in for Berry Brothers, last week.

BERRY BROTHERS give seven inches of smoke for five cents. Their long horn cigars measure over half a foot.

Mrs. Tyner, who is staying at Rudolph Hoffmaster's, drank some vitral by mistake, last week, and is now suffering from the effects of it.

One of Godfrey's horses fell from the little bridge near Newman's mill last week. The harness was cut and the animal dropped into the creek, and it made its way out.

DICK WILSON came in town again last week, looking up the grocery interests of this place. Dick is one of our old time commercial men.


Why would not a beef packing establishment be just the thing for this place? We believe it would be a good investment.


It would be. There is a pork packing establishment here that does very well.





Be easy, neighbors of the border. The Sioux are not coming to the Territory. You will be left free to fight grasshoppers and chintz bugs this year and have no big Indian scares. This, however, may be sad news, for it is a nice thing to be employed as militia men at public expense in the time of a western famine, and especially so when the Indians are known to be at home.

Indian Herald.

Yes, those that Capt Tucker caught in Barbour county are "at home" in a warmer climate than ever Sunny Kansas.


Letters from the Pawnee scouts informs us that they have taken 15 Cheyenne and Sioux scalps, instead of two, as reported in the Herald last week. They have had several fights, but all have escaped without a scratch: this causes them to believe that God is "on their side" and aids them in battle. They are now at Sidney barracks and number one hundred. Herald.








If the people of Cowley county want a railroad, now is the time to secure it.


Leland J. Webb, of Winfield, will be appointed Register of Wichita Land Office in place of H. L. Taylor, present incumbent.

W. V. Times.

While we have no objections to Mr. Taylor, we should be gratified to see Mr. Webb so well favored.


The survey of the Arkansas City and Independence State road, will begin at this place April 2nd. I. H. Bonsall is one of the commissioners. It is a road that has been long needed, and the people of the county can thank Bob Mitchell for its location.


A party of citizens from this place visited Winfield last Thursday, in company with Gov. Eskridge and J. K. Finley, to talk over railroad matters, and take steps to bring the matter before the people of the county. The proposition asked aid to the amount of $4,000 per mile, and agreed to complete the road in eighteen months from Kansas City to Arkansas City. No meeting was held, but a number of the people of Winfield were conversed with, who evinced a desire to let the matter alone until they could hear from an east and west project. The importance of bringing the matter at once before the people was urged, but not coincided with, so the gentlemen were compelled to leave without any definite understanding.










SALT CITY has a new doctor.

W. H. WALKER has returned.

BOWEN has rhubarb ten inches long.

MR. BILSON, of Elk Falls, is missing.

The narrow gauge is the farmer's railroad.

Planting garden seeds is now fashionable.

The prospect for a fine peach crop is good.

More people should engage in sheep husbandry.

Rev. Wingar entertained a full house last Sunday.

COL. McMULLEN returned from Emporia last week.

CORN COBS are selling at $1 per load at Independence.

SHERB HUNT will sell his household goods on the 31st.

FIVE CARPENTERS all busy finishing Newman's store room.

OSAGE ORANGE SEED $6.50 per bushel. Five pounds for $1.00.

AL MOWRY bought a fine large span of horses at Wichita last week.

S. P. CHANNELL has been appointed a Notary Public for Cowley county.

JOHN D. MILES, Indian Agent at the Cheyenne Agency, Indian Territory, is at Topeka.

A large fire was raging in Bolton township Monday night, but did no material damage.

DISTRICT COURT convenes on Monday, May 7tth. Wm. P. Campbell, Judge of District.

An immersion was made last Sunday at Nipp's ford, by the resident minister at Pleasant Valley township.

REV. SWARTS declined an appointment by the M. E. Conference, and will return to his farm for the next year.

Someone stole 40 bushels of wheat from Henry Mowry, last Thursday night. It was in his claim house, across the Arkansas.


The following are the appointments in this vicinity of M. E. ministers.

Wichita, J. Kirby.

El Paso, K. Jones.

Wellington, H. J. Walker.

Oxford, J. Stewart.

Belle Plaine, A. Cameron.

South Haven, E. A. Abbott.

Arkansas City, J. J. Wingar.

Winfield, Rev. Rushbridge.

Lazette, C. A. Stine.

Tisdale, S. S. Steele.

Dexter, To be supplied.


While Jas. Hanson, of Maple City, was temporarily absent from home last Wednesday, his house caught fire from the cook stove, and was burned to the ground. The bedding and furniture was mostly saved. The house was recently built of pine lumber, lathed and plastered, and they feel their loss most keenly. His neighbors are now contributing quite liberally to help him rebuild.



NO SCHOOL FUNDS. From R. C. Story, our efficient County Superintendent of Public Instruction, we learn that the apportionment of State Funds for Cowley county for this month is $2,685.75, or 73 cents per head for every child of school age reported in the county. Thirty-two districts made no report for the year ending July 31, 1876, and of course get no State fund.


LAST Friday night someone cut the halter of Frank Speers' horse, and stole his saddle. He evidently meant to take the horse. The day before a man was at the house, looking at the animal and inquiring of the dog would bite. As soon as grass comes, look out for horse thieves.


DROPPED SENSELESS. Last Friday while Frank Wintin was loading hay, he suddenly dropped senseless and did not speak intelligently for several days. Drs. Shepard and Kellogg were called, who pronounced the singular occurrence as being similar to spotted fever.


REV. WINGAR returned from the M. E. Conference at Wichita last week. His station will be at this place one year more. An effort was made to place him at Newton, but at the earnest request of the members at this place, he was permitted to return, and we are glad of it.


JUDGE McINTIRE, our Assessor, called last week with his blank statement of personal property. Every year the same blanks come to be filled, and every year the tax has to be paid. Death and taxes, candidates and hell, are four things we never can escape.


W. B. TRISSELL respectfully solicits the patrons of Rose Hill nursery to call at his delivering ground in Arkansas City on Thursday, March 22nd, and on Monday, March 26th, and get their nursery stock, as Mr. Bowen desires his lots for planting.


THE P. M. AT WINFIELD sports a plug hat, but his hair is growing gray. The anxiety of the late campaign tells on him. However, he gives satisfaction and has a sure lease for four long years. May he enjoy peace and prosperity.


A SUIT was held before Justice Hunt last week between Houghton & McLaughlin and Pittman, for an amount due on account. The first parties gained the suit. C. R. Mitchell was attorney for plaintiff, and E. B. Kager, for defendant.


The attendance at the Bell Ringers exhibition last Saturday night at the First Church was not very large, owing to the short notice that was given. The music of the bells was excellent.


BENEDICT & BRO. are repairing the building south of Gardner's new house for Mr. Wilson, the dry goods man of Leavenworth. They are also laying a brick sidewalk in front of it.


MR. HARVEY DWYER has sold his farm and is going to California. B. F. Nesmite will accompany him. W. S. Hunt, of this place, also expects to start in a few weeks.


A. A. DAVIS now has his house near Wintin's. It was built first in Sumner county, then placed on the sand hill near the Arkansas, and is now a town residence.


FIRE. MR. HOWARD, living east of town, lost 200 bushels of corn by fire on Friday last. The fire originated from some ashes that had been thrown out while still hot.


COL. J. C. McMULLEN, of Arkansas City, was in town this week. He reports a deep interest in the narrow gauge enterprise in Cowley county. Emporia News.


MAJOR SLEETH and T. H. McLAUGHLIN visited Elk county last week on matters pertaining to the narrow gauge railway from Kansas City.


CLOVER seed 20 cents per pound. $10 per bushel. Timothy ten cents per pound. Alfalfa 40 cents per pound. Blue grass $2.25 per bushel.


SALT CITY held a railroad meeting last week in the interests of the east and west railway. We are glad to notice them so wide awake.



BASE BALL soon. CROQUET will soon be resumed.

MRS. NEWMAN is visiting friends in Emporia.

CHARLES ROSEBERRY planted potatoes last week.

MR. MUMMERT will resume cheese making this summer on his farm at the spring cave.

A subscription was raised last week to get provisions for Jim Barr, who has been sick for two or three weeks, and was reported nearly destitute.


Real Estate agents have loomed up like mushrooms within the last two weeks. Mitchell & Channell, Walton & Hoffmaster, W. S. Hunt, J. L. Huey, and some others have expressed the determination to engage in the business. It is a branch of business tht has been somewhat neglected heretofore, and we are glad to see the institution well represented.


Winfield Telegram: On Thursday night of last week Mr. Cleveland's house, three miles northwest of Wellington, caught fire and was burned, consuming all the furniture, relics, and clothing of the family.




The Committee from Winfield, who were delegated to look after an east and west road, returned last Saturday with no definite proposition whatever.


CITY ELECTION. On next Tuesday the election of officers for the government of Arkansas City, for one year, will be held. The main issue will be whether a retail liquor license shall be granted or not, and the contest will be close.


The petition to call an election on the proposition of the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Railway, has received the requisite signatures of two-fifths of the tax payers of Cowley county and will be presented to the Board of Commissioners at their meeting on April 9th, and a vote taken on the proposition.


The editor of the Telegram does not support the

K. C. E. & S. railway proposition, as offered by the agents who recently visited this county to bring the matter before the people, and cites his reasons therefore, saying the narrow gauge would be his last choice. He favors an east and west project, stating that the Emporia scheme should be laid to rest for awhile.




Bids received March 26, 1877, for breaking 800 acres of prairie at Pawnee Agency, Indian Territory, to be completed by the 15th of June.

L. C. LONGSHORE, 800 ACRES AT $2.50.

A. W. PATTERSON, 200 ACRES AT $2.75.


BERRY BROS., 200 ACRES AT $2.74.

BERRY BROS., 200 ACRES AT $2.65.

BERRY BROS., 200 ACRES AT $2.50.


M. E. GARNER, 200 ACRES AT $2.50.


R. A. HOUGHTON, 200 ACRES AT $2.50.

T. R. HOUGHTON, 200 ACRES AT $2.50.



W. D. SHOW, 100 ACRES AT $5.60.

J. REED, 150 ACRES AT $2.60.

Several others from Cowley County had previously offered to brake at $3.00 per acre.

Breaking to be done in a good and workmanlike manner, and as such accepted by the agent, who will present duly certified vouchers for payment to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.

The work was awarded to the lowest bidders, in the order of the bids, except the bid of Mr. Longshore, who did not wish to contract for a part only.

Frank Ward, 200 acres.

M. E. Garner, 200 acres.

R. A. Hougthon, 200 acres.

T. R. Houghton, 200 acres.




The scholars of District No. 33, two miles east of Parker's school house, will given an exhibition on Wednesday evening, March 28, 1877.

Participants: Risdon Gilstrap, Emma Gilstrap, Frank Lewis, Lizzie West, Anna Hyde, J. O. Wilkinson, Mary Shoemaker, Frankie Hyde, Erastus West, Fred Lewis.

The whole to be sandwiched with tableaux, charades, etc. The best of music has been engaged for the occasion, led by Prof. E. J. Hoyt, long known as the best musician in Kansas. A small fee of 20 cents will be charged to pay contingent expenses.




There are three saw mills on this reservation, but the demand for lumber is so much greater than the supply that halfbreed Osages are building houses of lumber manufactured in the Cherokee nation. Indian Herald.




Kansas hogs are dying of cholera.

Heavy mortality among the Kaws.

The streets are covered with Indians.

Kaw Indians are building new houses.

The Kaw Agency sawmill is running again.

Osages on Cana are dying of pneumonia.

Indians look lean and say they are hungry.

Pawhuska has been full of visitors this week.

Kaws will plant more corn this year than ever before.

On the 12th inst., six Kaws had died during the month.

50 Kaw Indian children are now in school at their Agency.

Young Strike Axe is now the leading spirit among the Little Osages.

The artichoke is known as the "Indian potato" by the natives of this Territory.

A blanket Osage will give some white man a good pony for the building of a log cabin.

A Little Osage offers an average pony for the breaking of twelve acres of corn ground.

Mrs. Pat Rodgers, of the Osages, is crazy and the nation has neither a hospital or an asylum.

Osage women plant corn before breakfast to prevent insects from destroying the young plant.

Kaw Indians want to purchase farm implements with their money instead of expending it for white labor.

Uriah Spray has tendered his resignation as Superintendent of Kaw Agency on account of poor health.

Augusta Captain discovered a white wolf the other day large enough to kill a mule or "pack a man."

The half breed band is constantly increasing in numbers. The little fellows come onto this reservation two at a time.

Gesso Choteau was in today, and from his chat a stranger might think he knew of an inexhaustible mine of gold--in the Territory.

Leading Kaws propose to quite the dress and habits of Indians and follow in the wake of whites, if the Government will help them into new houses.

Osage squaw patches are made in the brush on water courses, and if a tree in the patch is struck by lightning before the corn is harvested, the whole crop is abandoned.

Two Pawnee Indians, "Medicine Men," were recently employed to treat a case of enlarged spleen in an Osage, but he died. The Osages think they busted his gizzard.

The Osages say that the artichoke grows in this Territory and at this season constitutes the principal part of their living, especially among those who live in the valley of Cana River.




PAWNEES in town.


FISHING parties are in vogue now.

BONE's boy's name on Grouse creek is Naboleon Ponepart.

PASSMORE's calf that the dog bit has gone mad, and died.

MR. WM. COOMBS lost a fine large mare on the road to Wichita last week.

JAMES BARE is lying very low with consumption, and not expected to live.

WILL ALEXANDER returned last week, having abandoned his Black Hills expedition.

The editor contemplates a visit to Pawnee Agency before many weeks, to look after male matter.

W. T. YORK began his first school, at Pleasant Grove school house, on Grouse creek, March 19th.

REV. THOMPSON's house on a claim east of the Walnut was burned by the prairie fire Monday night.

BORN. To Mr. and Mrs. Bone, on February 28th, a daughter, weight ten pounds. Grouse creek still ahead.

A new house is being erected east of E. D. Eddy's, and the stone for the foundation of one, northeast of the school house.

A crystal wedding was held at Mr. L. McLaughlin's, last Monday evening, at which many of our prominent citizens attended.

A child of Nathaniel Arnett swallowed a pin last Saturday, and regardless of its perilous situation, it is apparently as happy as a lark.

This week closes the time for catching fish with a seine or net in the rivers of Kansas. April, May, and June are the months it is prohibited.

A prairie fire on Grouse creek last Thursday burned 200 bushels of corn belonging to Mr. Cattrell, besides doing considerable other damage.

MR. MUSSLEMAN has a cat nursing two young squirrels. He caught the squirrels and put them with the cat, after taking two of her kittens away from her.


BITTEN BY A MAD DOG. Two little boys, aged six and twelve years, the children of Wm. Morgan, of Otto, Kansas, were bitten by their own dog and not until after it was known that he had bitten chickens, hogs, dogs, cattle, and even horses, did it occur to Mr. Morgan and his family that the dog was rabid, actually suffering, hydrophobia.

The gravity of the case shocked and made the family and neighbors heartsick, and for the time they wished that they had never seen a dog, but we are informed by J. W. Blair, a brother-in-law of Mr. Morgan's, that all the stock bitten are still alive and being cared for as though they had never been bitten. Unless the people of Southern Kansas are in possession of an antidote for hydrophobia, unknown to the United States Pharmacopia, and which is infallible in its effects, we do not see why cause for great mortality is so improperly attended to in a supposed to be wide-awake community.


RUNAWAY. Last Sunday as Mr. McMasters, of Winfield, was riding with Miss Pittman, near Wyard Gooch's farm, east of the Walnut, one rein of the harness broke and the teams ran away, throwing both parties from the buggy, breaking the arm of the gentleman and dislocating the shoulders of the lady.


AGENT BURGESS, of the Pawnee Agency, was in town this week. Mr. Burgess has a host of friends at this place, as well as along the entire border. He has sent in his resignation to the Department, as agent of the Pawnee Indians, but it was not accepted. We should be sorry to have him leave the Pawnees.


The city schools closed last Friday for a week's vacation. The attendance during the term was good, notwithstanding the prevalence of sickness. Miss Lizzie Ela will take charge of the Intermediate department for the summer term.


FRANK LORRY has just purchased 225 four-year-old trees from Mr. Trissell. He wants a fruit and grain farm, now that he will be able to get them to market on the railroad.


REV. SWARTS and family returned from Hutchinson last week, after an absence of about one year. They have many friends who are glad to welcome them back.




BOLTON, March 22, 1877.

Revs. Kerr, McCuean, Taylor, and McCue, assisted by Revs. Broadbent and Herbert, have been holding a protracted meeting in the Theaker school house during the last four weeks. There were over twenty converts.

Grasshoppers have not made their appearance on the prairie yet, but are daily looked for and expected, although we do not expect a very great number owing to the last cold spell.

We understand that Frank Lorry is canvassing the northern part of the county with a petition asking the County Commissioners to call a railroad election, to give us an opportunity to vote against the narrow gauge road from Emporia to the south line of the State.

Mr. McGuire had a well built on his farm one day last week. Mr. Will Thompson was contractor and builder. Mr. James Sample is going to have one built by the same party.

Mat Gainey started to Chautauqua county. "Wonder if he will fetch her back?"

Mr. and Mrs. DeMott have just returned from visiting a brother of Mr. DeMott in the northern part of the State. They were goine about three weeks, had a pleasant visit, and Mr. DeMott's health is improved some.

Mr. Ed. Burnett succeeded in conquering the Black Hills fever and has resolved to try what virtue there is in a claim. Ed and family moved west to Sumner county about two weeks ago.

Many of our farmers are contemplating breaking prairie this season. They are not discouraged yet, nor will they be so long as the prospects for a railroad are as flattering as they are with us at prsent.

Master Fred Houser reports the prairie covered with flowers and the grass from two to six inches long in the Nation, 72 miles south of Arkansas City.

Mr. Winslow has rented and moved on Mr. Major's farm in West Bolton. Mr. Sample formerly occupied the farm. He moved to Prof. Wilkinson's farm.

The prospects for a good wheat crop were never more flattering, should the hoppers stay away. The peach crop is all right as yet. We expect a heavy yield this year.

No marriages, births, or deaths in our township of late.

C. C. H.





A daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs. Sanford Day on the 13th inst., and to Mr. and Mrs. Graham on the 9th.

Our wheat prospect is not as good as could be expected in this neighborhood. Farming is going on in good earnest. We will have any quantity of peaches this year.

A number of newcomers have taken claims and made their residences among usw. Mr. A. T. Hackett is our school teachers, and has given satisfaction. School closes in one week.





100 Bushels of Corn for sale by F. M. Vaughn, 3 miles east of town.


Choice dried fruit, California dried Pears, California dried Nectarines, California dried Peaches, California alden dried apples at H. Godehard.


All unsettled accounts of R. A. Houghton & Co., not settled by April 20th will be placed in the hands of the Justice of the Peace for collection. We mean business and must have money.


Horse Bills. We have a horse and jack cut and are prepared to execute horse bills in a workmanlike manner, and on reasonable terms.


AUCTION. I will sell at my residence in Arkansas City, at 10 o'clock a.m., on Saturday, March 31st, 1877, my household effects, consisting of furniture, stoves, dishes, etc.



A GOOD TEAM, harness and wagon, for sale for cash, on time, on first mortgage security. R. A. HOUGHTON.


45 acres of good corn ground for rent on liberal terms.



LAND FOR SALE OR RENT. The undersigned has five quarter sections of land at his disposal which he will sell or rent on favorable terms. Three of the above tracts have houses on them. For further particulars, apply to Rev. David Thompson, of this city.




THE CENTRAL AVENUE has a parrot. It can say almost anything.

A great many red birds are found in the timber near this place.

A Creek Indian lives in a $8,000 house and has 2,000 head of cattle.

The new head of the Indian Herald does not improve it. It looks too much like a Sunday School paper.

A new mail route is to be established from Eureka, by Grouse creek, Lazette, Dexter, and Cabin Valley to Arkansas City.

The Osages were in town last week, again, and arrangements were made with them to give a war dance at this place next 4th of July.

The young man who murdered the old stock man on Turkey creek, Indian Territory, last fall, has been found. An account of the murder was published in the TRAVELER.


AL MOWRY lost one of his fine gray mares last Wednesday, within twelve hours from the time he arrived with them. The animal was cut open and a hole found in its bowels, eaten by botts.


We are sorry to learn that Ed. Finney is soon to return to Osage Agency, to take his former place in Florer & Rankin's store. His older brother will take his place in the Livery here. Ed. has a host of acquaintances and warm friends at this place, as he deserves to have.


JACK BEAL has returned from Arkansas, where he went to buy mules. Jacob is one of those old fashioned, hardy, good natured mountaineers that we are always glad to meet; as genial as the noonday sun. Once a friend, always a friend, slow to wrath but quick to resent an injury.





W. B. Trissell, agent of Rose Hill Nursery, Chetopa, Kansas, has a sample of the most thrifty and best assortment of Nursery Stock, Ornamental Trees, Hedge, etc., that we have ever seen in Southern Kansas or elsewhere. Their sales of last spring have given entire satisfaction. They have established a


On the farm of S. E. Maxwell, and will continue to deal out justice to the patrons of ROSE HILL NURSERY.

Time until Oct. 1, 1877, will be given to good parties. Call and examine their prices and stock. Satisfaction guaranteed. The agent can be found at the City Hotel, in Winfield, or Central Avenue Hotel, Arkansas City.