[Beginning August 30, 1876.]




Centennial Notes, Sights and Wonders.

On the morning of Tuesday, July 11th, we took passage to Wichita, by the usual mode of conveyance (Henry Tisdale's stage line) on our way to the East and the great Centennial. The weather was fair and the heat not so great but that with summer clothes it was comfortable traveling. We dined at Nenescah, lodged at Wichita, and on Wednesday morning at 4 o'clock, was seated in a commodious car, making speed five times greater than the day before, with fewer delays and more conveniences. Over the Santa Fe road to Kansas City, nothing unusual attracted our attention. The country was about the same as that of Southern Kansas, only that corn was not so well matured and the grass shorter. The regular fare from Wichita to Kansas City is $12.10. From Arkansas City to Wichita, by stage, $5.00.

At Kansas City at 4:35 we took the branch of the Hannibal and St. Joe, to Cameron Junction, and from thence to Quincy, Illinois, over the same road. Fare $9.50. At Cameron we met Dr. Gray, of whom we spoke in a previous letter, acting as conductor of a palace car.

We arrived at Quincy at 2 in the morning, and at 4:45 a.m. took the Toledo, Wabash & Western to Springfield, Illinois, and then to Chicago via the Chicago & Alton, arriving there at 7:50 in the evening. Fare from Quincy to Chicago $9.70. Here we rechecked baggage direct to Washington, D. C., via the Michigan Central, Canada Southern, N. Y. Central, Northern Central, etc., going via Southern Canada, Niagra Falls, Geneva Lake, Harrisburg, and Baltimore. Fare from Chicago to Washington $19.50. Southern Canada is a doleful country, almost wholly swamp or timber land. At the depot at Niagra we found a number of carriages, representing different hotels. In former days at this place, great confusion generally prevailed among strangers and coachmen in the strife for patronage, resulting frequently in knockdowns. The authorities have regulated it now so that the coachmen are not permitted to speak to a passenger unless they are first addressed; and the result is they have adopted the Congressmen's style of calling a page; that is, stand clapping their hands and motioning with their fingers. We had taken the precaution to inquire and make our choice of a hotel beforehand, and were driven to the Catarack House, one of the grandest hotels in the United States, built out on, and affording an excellent view of the rapids.

We remained at the Falls one day and a half, visiting the Canada side, Suspension Bridge, Burning, Spring, and all the principal objects of interest. The Falls has the reputation of being one of the most expensive cities to visit in the United States. Board is $4.50 per day. Carriage hire from one to four dollars per hour, and everything in proportion. It costs 25 cents to cross the bridge, 40 cents to see the burning spring, $1 for the hire of a rubber suit twenty minutes, to go underneath the falls, 50 cents for small, rude specimens of stone, etc., and these exorbitant rates are authorized by the Government, making one feel that they would hide the falls, if canvass sufficient could be had, so as to extort pay for looking at them. Such an interesting and National wonder, should cost as little as possible in order that persons of the smallest means could have the pleasure of witnessing them.

Leaving Niagra we passed through Central New York by Lake Geneva, one of the smoothest, clearest, and prettiest small bodies of water our eyes ever beheld. The thoughts of Lake Geneva even now makes our heart swell to think of its beauty.

Our road lay on the west bank; almost to the water's edge. On the east were the small, hilly farms, divided into little patches like garden spots, by the old style rail fence, making the wheat, corn, and pasture fields resemble sheep pens, rather than farming lands. Here could be seen the quiet home and unchanging life of an Eastern farmer, no different from the hardy handed sons of toil of the west. To him every convenience and comfort is offered. The neat, white-painted cottage to live in, surrounded by fruit trees of various kinds. The large and commodious barn, nearby. The spring house, grainaries, etc., all within a mile of cheap transportation and a never failing market. How long will it be before we enjoy the same? But we will not dwell on these beautiful homes; they are far beyond our reach, and the life, too, with all its comforts, a monotonous one to those accustomed to broad prairies, pure air, and ever changing scenes of life.

Our journey from the lake to Baltimore was after night, hence we saw nothing until reaching


where we arrived Sunday morning. After spending the Sabbath with Dr. Wm. Pittis, we visited the capitol of the United States, calling on our members of Congress, heard speeches from different Congressmen and Senators, and then began a general review of the city, stopping at the U. S. Post Office, Treasury Department, Patent Office, Smithsonian Institute, Arsenal, Agricultural Hall, Art Gallery, Medical Museum, Soldiers Home, Government Printing Office, and numerous other places.

In the General Land Office we met G. P. Strum and Wm. Naylor, formerly of Barrett's Surveying Corps, stationed at Arkansas City, a few years ago, and in the Government Printing office we saw Johnny Jones. In the evening we met John Lanfer, and together, called on Capt. Darling at his private residence.

The Captain was as lively and social as ever, and greeted us cordially, and would hardly consent to our leaving the city until he had shown us around behind his span of black thoroughbreds. We enjoyed our visit with the boys, and believe it actually did them good to see an Arkansas City man once more. Strum and Billy are studying law in their spare moments, and declare their intentions of returning to Cowley county to practice as soon as they have completed their labors.

Our main object in visiting Washington was to Congress in session and present the petition of the settlers asking that the Cherokee Strip Lands be brought into market again. The latter we did, and had the satisfaction of knowing our efforts were not altogether useless before we left, and before arriving home, we were made aware that the bill had passed.

From Washington we went to Philadelphia, and made our home with Mrs. M. A. McManus, mother of John E. McManus, formerly a surveyor of this place, and a lady of more than ordinary influence in the city; being a sister of the Hon. Wm. Moran, Secretary of Legation at England. The home was a quiet, retired, and pleasant one, affording us great comfort after an all day's sight seeing.

There were many things that surprised us at


The city has a population of over 800,000, yet covers fully as much ground as New York; which has nearly 100,000.

We expected when we reached the city to find it greatly crowded, yet there was plenty of room and the only evidence of crowds was on the street cars. Then again we thought boarding houses would be full, while on the contrary hundreds of them are vacant, and many who invested largely in building hotels, restaurants, etc., are today bankrupt. All along the streets signs are out, "Boarding by the week." "Boarding by the day." "Meals for 25 cents." "Lodging 50 cents." This shows that many made preparations, and their expectations were not realized.

Philadelphia is a cheap place to live in. Good board can be had in first-class families from $6 to $12 per week. Their excellent system of street railways does away with the necessity of carriage traveling, and groceries, fruit, and eatables are very low. The city has a population of 800,000, and it lives in an area of 129-1/2 square miles.

There are 1,000 miles of streets and roads opened for use, and over 500 of these are paved. It is lighted by nearly 10,000 gas lamps. The earth beneath conceals and is penetrated by

13-1/2 miles of sewers, over 600 miles of gas mains, and 546 miles of water pipes. It has over 212 miles of city railways, and 1,794 city railroad cars passing over the railroads daily; 2,025 steam boilers; over 400 public schools, with suitable buildings, and over 1,600 school teachers, and over 80,000 pupils. It has over 400 places of public worship and accommodation in them for 300,000 persons; it has nearly 9,000 manufactories, with a capital of $185,000,000, employing 145,000 hands, the annual product of whose labor is over $384,000,000.

Many persons are prevented from visiting the Centennial on account of the great cost, and thousands living in the States of Pennsylvania, New York, and Ohio, of moderate means, have abandoned the hope of seeing the greatest display the world has ever known. Those who are content with the moderate comforts of life, can visit Philadelphia for a very reasonable sum.

The following figures show the regular rates from Chicago, to which would have to be added the railway and stage fare from this place, being $36 each way, without incidentals.

1. Excursion Ticket, Chicago to Philadelphia

and return ...................................... $ 32.00

2. Four meals going, $3.00; four meals

returning, $3.00 ................................ 6.00

3. Supper, lodging and breakfast in Philadelphia,

one day ......................................... 2.50

4. Street car fare, two trips ...................... .14

5. Admission to Exposition ......................... .50

6. Noon lunch in Centennial Grounds ................ .50


Total cost of trip and one day at Exposition .... $ 40.64

Sleep Car, double berth, each way $5.00 ......... 10.00


$ 59.64

Each additional day at Exposition, as per items

3, 4, 5, and 6 .............................. 3.64


From the above statement, it will seem that a person can go to the Centennial with first-class accommodations, and remain 10 days at the cost of $73.40, with Sleeping Car $83.10; two persons occupying the double berth, $156.80.

The above rates are the "regular" charges, and can be materially reduced, counting board at $6 per week.

The ground selected for the Exhibition is Fairmont Park, just at the edge of the city limits, and contains 256 acres. Street cars from all parts of the city directly run to the grounds, as does the Pennsylvania Railroads. The Exhibition is the largest ever held in the world.

The following table shows the size of previous Exhibitions in acres and tenth, proving the Philadelphia grounds 200 acre larger than any previous to it, and the buildings alone, of this one, covering more space than the entire grounds of any others.

New York, 4.2

Munich, 4.4

England, 1851, 18.6

Paris, 1855, 22.1

London, 1851, 23.9

London, Crystal Palace, 1871, 25.6

Paris, 1867, 31.0

Vienna, 1874, 56.5

Philadelphia (Buildings), 60.0

Lineal number of feet of the enclosure, 16,000.

Dimensions - Main Building, 1,880 feet by 464 feet: 21.47 acres.

Art Gallery, 210 feet by 365 feet: 1-3/4 acres.

Machinery Hall, 360 feet by 1,402 feet: 14 acres.

Horticultural Hall, 160 feet by 350 feet.

United States Government Exhibition Building,

360 feet by 30 feet: 1-1/2 acres.

Office for the United States Commission,

334 feet by 80 feet: 3/4 of an acre.

Avenues and walks: 7 miles.

Average distance between the buildings: 550 feet.

There are about 150 buildings on the grounds.

To say the least of them, they are immense.

Think of a house covering 21-1/2 acres of ground, as the


does. It is in the form of a parallelogram, extending east and west 1,880 feet in length, and north and south 464 feet in width. The framework is of iron. The foundations consist of 672 stone piers. The large portion of the structure is one story in height, and shows the main cornice upon the outside at 45 feet above the ground, the interior height being 70 feet. At the centre of the longer sides are projections 416 feet in length, and in the centre of the shorter sides are projections 216 feet in length. In these projections, in the centre of the four sides, are located the main entrances, which are provided with arcades upon the ground floor, and central facades extending to the height of 90 feet.


At a distance of 542 feet west of the Main Exhibition Building is located Machinery Hall. The Main Hall is 360 feet wide by 1,402 feet long, and has an annex on the south 208 feet by 210 feet. This building is extremely attractive in appearance, durable in construction, and covers nearly 14 acres. Along the south side are placed the boiler houses, and small buildings for special kinds of machinery.


is designed as a Memorial of the Centennial Exhibition and a repository for Paintings, Statuary, and other works of Art. It is built of granite, glass, and iron. The building is fire-proof, 365 feet in length, 210 feet in width, 59 feet in height, has a spacious basement, and is surmounted by a dome. The dome rises from the centre of the edifice, 150 feet from the ground. The centre hall and galleries form one grand hall 287 feet long and 85 feet wide, and holding 8,000 persons. R. J. Dobbins was the builder, the contract price being $2,199,273. The expense of this building was borne by the State of Pennsylvania and the City of Philadelphia.


stands north of the Horticultural Building. The materials used are glass and wood. The ground plan is a parallelogram of 540 by 820 feet, covering a space of about 10 acres. In this building is a collection of the all the products of the forest; the fork of the giant trees of California; fruits of varied climes, fish, reptiles, and insects, also a wonderful display of agricultural Machinery and implements.


Is a little north of the Maine Exhibition Building, and commands a view of the Schuylkill river and portions of the city. The building is 383 feet long, 193 wide, and 72 feet high. This edifice is intended as a permanent ornament to the Park. In it can be seen almost all the plants of the globe.


is 480 feet long by 346 wide, and covers more than two acres. It was intended to construct this edifice of iron; but owing to the extreme economy demanded by the Congressional appropriation, wood and glass have been substituted. The utmost that the appropriation of $65,000 would permit has been accomplished. The War Department exhibits a complete historical display of the progress made in the manufacture of arms, ammunition, accourtrements from the earliest days of the Republic until the present time. Combined with this are represented figures clad in uniform illustrating the most prominent periods in the history of the army of the United States, from the world-renowned and picturesque costume of the Revolutionary times to the severely simple utilitarian equipment of the present day. The most striking feature of our present state of perfection in the mechanical arts is shown in the manufacture on the spot of the regulation rifle and cartridge by workmen detailed for the purpose from the national arsenals. Old Probabilities revealed the secrets of his trade, and with the help of the light houses and fog signals showed us the pleasant paths of peace.

The Treasury shows how money is made and the Engineers' and Quartermasters' Departments how to spend it. The long lines of fortification models, torpedoes, and army wagons are shown, in connection with our admirable hospital and ambulance service.

A field hospital of twenty-four beds, erected as a separate building, is close at hand, designed to exhibit the American pavilion system of hospital architecture. The Navy Department shows what improvements have been made in the means by which Perry, Porter, Decatur, and Jones established the glory of our flag. The Interior Department, among its various exhibits, presents the most of the useful and visionary models of the Patent Office. The Indian Bureau tells all about the red man's manners and customs, mode of warfare, costume, etc., illustrated by the presence of some distinguished sons of the forest. The Smithsonian Institution embraces the occasion to carry out the design of its founder: "the diffusion of knowledge among men." Its vast collection of treasures of the sea and land, in every department of knowledge, and in every branch of Science and Art thrown open to the world, and amply repay prolonged and minute investigation.


is devoted to the exhibition of the handiwork of women of the United States. The building is one of the finest on the grounds, and contains only articles made by the women, such as fine wood carvings, statuary, elegant designs in stained glass and tiles, paintings, and many useful inventions and patents. One lady in Iowa, who raises bees, exhibits a complete apiary in working order. The object is to show women that they can do something besides mere drudgery.


causes general interest and attraction. The collection of cereals, fruits, minerals, animals, etc., far exceeds that of any other State, and has made for this young and growing commonwealth a reputation never before attained. The tall stalks of corn, grass, monstrous squashes, large vegetables, etc., open the eyes of the "back East," farmer and cause him to doubt if "Drouthy Kansas" ever gave birth to such wonderous productions.

The above described constitute some of the most important buildings except those of Great Britain and the foreign nations. Almost every State is represented by some structure, most of which are only for the accommodation of their citizens and without a display of production of any kind.

Ohio has a neat stone house, made of stone from different sections of the State. Canada has a log house, and Tennessee a tent. To attempt anything near a description of each, would be to continue this article for years to come.

While we wish to mention those of most interest to ourselves, we must in justice, say that it is a mere iota to what the grounds contained. As yet we have said nothing of Old Independence Hall, Zoological Gardens, the English, French, German, and Spanish Government buildings, the Glass Works, Photograph building, Japanese Dwelling, the fountains, statuary, monuments, Patrons Camp, the great paintings in the Art Gallery, Water works, and wonderful machinery.

Among the curiosities that attracted our special attention was a Hindoo Idol, found in the Ganges river in 1831, and supposed to be 2,000 years old. It is of stone, about four feet high, and was named "Goor yu deb," signifying "Good of the Sun."

Another relic was a chair made from the wood of the tree under which George Washington took command of the American army, July 3, 1775. It was for sale at $1,000.

Another was a horse, raised in Ohio, that weighed 2,800 pounds at six years old, and stood 21-1/2 hands high. It lived twenty years, and when dead was bought and stuffed by Barnum.

In the line of writing material, we saw one ream of paper six feet wide by eighteen feet long, weighing 2,000 pounds, which, cut into ordinary sizes, would make 500,000 sheets of note paper.

One gun had a ten-inch bore and weighed twenty-two tons.

One Corliss engine furnished the power for all the machinery in Machinery Hall.

A short horn bull weighing 3,100 pounds was another animal wonder.

Fort Scott and Leavenworth furnished some excellent specimens of granite. That of Leavenworth is blue, and susceptible of very fine polish. That of Fort Scott, very dark, almost like coal, and equally well polished.

In the Women's Department was a printing office, conducted wholly by women. On the wall hung the familiar warning so common in composing rooms, "Don't speak to Compositors." We ventured to break over the rules, but were embarrassed to find the young lady addressed, with her mouth so full of apple, was unable to respond. So we concluded "Don't speak to Compositors," was a rule so as to allow the young ladies time to eat.

In one of the aisles of Machinery Hall can be seen an entire sewing machine, complete in all parts, occupying a space of not more than two inches square, run by a small thread for a band, from the Corliss engine. Nearby are all kinds of sewing machines, some with a fan attachment, so that the operator is constantly being fanned while the machine is moving.

In the Canadian building is a part of a white pine tree, of sixty-six years growth, that measures 303 feet high, and eight feet five inches in diameter.

A violin, 171 years old, made in 1705, was in exhibition and for sale at $1,000.

An infant's dress, made of point lace and linen cambric, is marked "sold" at $600; a bride's dress, of white corded silk and point lace, was priced at $4,300.

The Waltham Watch company exhibit a case containing 2,200 watches, the result of six days work in that establishment. Tiffany, among many rare and costly gems, had a diamond necklace valued at $80,000, the earrings to match priced at $60,000, a feather made of diamonds for $7,000, and bracelets, $13,000 each.

The entire set was priced at $160,000.

In the Telegraph department we met J. A. McManus, who is one of the chief clerks. John is married and has a family of one: a girl, about fourth months' old.

California made a grand display of silks, laurel wood, minerals, etc.

After a week's sojourn in the city of wonders, we left its busy scenes and gorgeous displays for a milder and more congenial place of retirement: the place always longed for and cherished most, home. Home, with its familiar faces, bosom friends, fond remembrances, and strong attractions; where we met our gray-haired father and aged mother, and took by the hand those who have shared the sports of childhood. To those who never enjoyed the blessing of a happy home, no idea can be conveyed of the pleasure in thus stepping from manhood back to the days of youth. We recognized our place at the table, the room we used to sleep in, the plum tree in the garden, and every path and short-cut through the fields and over the hills where we often trudged with our poke of chestnuts, or bag of walnuts.


Among the old burnt clay hills, there is a cherished memory of the past, respected by great and small, where the lamented General Custer spent his early life. We listened with great interest to the stories of Gen. Custer's boyhood, told by an eye witness and familiar acquaintance of the family, who said the General and his brother used to ride into the town of New Rumley barefooted, on a bareback horse; and recalled the time when the Principal of the Hopedale Normal School ordered Custer from a fence post he was sitting on. Custer replied: "Professor, the day may come when I may be in authority, and you not, and I shall remember you." Time rolled on, Custer was appointed a cadet at West Point, war broke out, and the Professor one day found himself a Captain under command of General Custer, who asked him if he remembered the circumstance of years ago. The Professor did, and resigned his commission.

From Cadiz we visited the city of Akron, Ohio, town of manufactures. Here the largest water wheel in the United States furnishes the power for an oat meal mill. Wheels are buzzing in every direction, clouds of smoke rise all over the city, and the flames of fire tell of machine shops, rolling mills, and pottery works. A short distance from the city are the powder mills and match factories, where most of the powder and almost all of the matches used in the West are made. Akron is a pretty city with picturesque scenery on all sides, and a delightful place in which to live.

Sunday evening we took the western train from Akron to Chicago, and after a journey of one day and one night arrived at Kansas City. The next morning we took the train for Topeka and arrived at noon, in time to attend the Republican Nominating Convention of State officers. On Thursday evening in company with about 300 delegates, spectators, and lobbyists, we sped on to Wichita, and on Friday witnessed each candidate try his strength for Congress. Saturday morning we climbed into the stage coach again and in the evening reached Arkansas City.








Murder of Wild Bill at Deadwood,

and the Trial of the Murderer.

[Special Correspondence of the Inter-Ocean.]

DEADWOOD, D. T., Aug. 3, 1876.

Yesterday afternoon about 4 o'clock the people of this city were startled by the report of a pistol shot in the saloon kept by Messrs. Lewis & Mann. Your correspondent at once hastened to the spot and found J. B. Hickock, commonly known as Wild Bill, lying senseless upon the floor. He had been shot by a man known as Jack McCall. An examination showed that a pistol had been fired close to the back of the head, the bullet entering the base of the brain, a little to the right of the center, passing through in a straight line, making its exit through the right cheek between the upper and lower jaw bones, loosening several of the molar teeth in its passage, and carrying a portion of the cerebellum through the wound. From the nature of the wound, death must have been instantaneous.

A jury was convened which decided that J. B. Hickock came to his death from a wound resulting from a shot fired from a pistol in the hands of Jack McCall.


A meeting was called during the evening at McDaniels' Theater, which was given up by Mr. Languishe for that purpose. Officers were elected to conduct the trial, which was set for 9 o'clock this morning. Three men were selected, one to go up Whitewood, another up Deadwood, and the third down Whitewood early this morning, for the purpose of informing the miners of the trial. At the time appointed, the prisoner was led into the theater by the guard, and in charge of Joseph Brown, who had been elected Sheriff, and placed upon the stage beside the table at which was seated Judge Kuykendall and other officers of the court. The Judge called the meeting to order, and, in a neat address asked the people to sustain him in the discharge of the duties which devolved upon him in the unenviable position which they had forced him to accept.


Never did a more forbidding countenance face a court than that of Jack McCall. His head, which is covered by a thick crop of chestnut hair, is very narrow as to the parts occupied by the intellectual portion of the brain, while the animal development is exceedingly large. A small sandy mustache covers a sensual mouth. The nose is what is commonly called "snub," cross eyes, and a florid complexion, and the picture is finished. He was clad in a blue flannel shirt, brown overalls, heavy shoes; and as he sat in a stooping position with his arms across his breast, he evidently assumed a nonchalance and bravado which was foreign to his feelings, and betrayed himself by the spasmodic heavings of his heart.

A hundred names were selected, each written upon a slip of paper and placed in a hat, from which they were taken by one of the committee who had been selected to draw the jurors. Nearly all the list was exhausted before the jury was declared full.


The first witness called was Charles Rich, who said he was in the saloon kept by Lewis & Mann on the afternoon of the 2nd, and was seated at a table playing a game of poker with Wild Bill and several others when the prisoner, whom he identified, came into the room, walked deliberately up to Wild Bill, placed a pistol to the back of the deceased, and fired, saying: "Take that." Bill fell from the stool upon which he had been seated without uttering a word.

Samuel Young testified that he was engaged in the saloon; that he had just delivered $15 worth of poker checks to the deceased, and was returning to his place behind the bar, when he heard the report of a pistol shot. Turning around, he saw the prisoner at the back of Wild Bill, with a pistol in his hand, which he had just discharged, and heard him say "Take that."

Carl Mann, who was one of the proprietors of the saloon, testified that he was in the poker game. He noticed a commotion and saw the prisoner (whom he identified) shoot Wild Bill.


The defense called for the first witness, P. H. Smith, who said he had been in the employ of the defendant for four months. He testified that Mr. McCall was not a man of a quarrelsome disposition, that he had always considered him a man of good character. The witness testified that he had been introduced to Wild Bill in Cheyenne, and drank with him, and that the deceased had a bad reputation, and had been the terror of every place in which he had resided.

H. H. Pickens said that he had known the defendant four years and believed him to be a quiet and peaceful man. Wild Bill's reputation as a "shootist" was very hard; he was quick in using the pistol and never missed his man, and had killed quite a number of persons in different parts of the country.

Ira Ford testified he had known the defendant about one year and stated: "Like a great many other men, he would go upon a spree like the rest of the boys." Wild Bill had the reputation of being a brave man, who could and would shoot quicker than any man in the western country, and who always "got away" with his antagonist.

The defense called several others, the tenor of whose evidence was but a repetition of the foregoing. No attempt was made to show that Wild Bill had ever seen the prisoner.


The prisoner was called upon to make a statement. He came down from the stage into the auditorium of the theater, and with his right hand in the bosom of his shirt, his head thrown back, in a harsh, lewd, and repulsive voice, with a bulldog sort of bravado, made the following statement.

"Well, men, I have but few words to say. Wild Bill killed my brother, and I killed him. Wild Bill threatened to kill me if I ever crossed his path. I am not sorry for what I have done. I would do the same thing over again."

The prisoner then returned to his place on the stage.


The prosecution then adduced testimony to prove that Wild Bill was a much abused man; that he had never imposed on anyone, and that in every instance where he had slain men, he had done so either in the discharge of his duty as an officer of the law or in self defense. Bill's reputation as a gambler was bad.


The case having been placed in the hands of the jury, the theater was cleared, with the understanding that the verdict should be made known in the saloon where the murder was committed. The prisoner was remanded to the house where he had been imprisoned during the night. At 9 o'clock the following verdict was read to the prisoner.


Deadwood City, Aug. 3, 1876: We, the jurors, find the prisoner, Mr. John McCall, not guilty.




After the inquest the body of the deceased was placed upon a litter made of two poles and some boards; then a procession was formed, and the remains were carried to Charley Utter's camp, across the creek. Charles Utter, better known as Colorado Charley, had been the intimate friend of the deceased for fifteen years, and with that liberality, which is a feature among mountaineers, had always shared his purse with him. Charley was much affected by the death of his friend, and incensed at the villain who had murdered him. A tepee was pitched at the foot of one of the giant trees which rise so majestically above Charley's camp. Preparations were at once made for the funeral. The following notice was printed and sent out. "Funeral notice. Died, in Deadwood, Black Hills, August 2, 1876, from the effect of a pistol shot, J. B. Hickock (Wild Bill), formerly of Cheyenne, Wyoming. Funeral services will be held at Charley Utter's camp, on Thursday afternoon, August 3, 1876, at 3 o'clock. All are respectfully invited to attend."



At the time appointed a number gathered at the camp. Charley Utter had gone to a great deal of expense to make the funeral as fine as could be had in this country. Under the tepee, in a handsome coffin covered with black cloth and richly mounted with silver ornaments, lay Wild Bill, a picture of perfect repose. His long chestnut hair, evenly parted over his marble brow, hung in waving ringlets over the broad shoulders. His face was cleanly shaved excepting the drooping mustache, which shaded a mouth--which in death almost seemed to smile, but which in life was unusually grave. The arms were folded over the stilled breast, which enclosed a heart which had beat with regular pulsation amid the most startling scenes of blood and violence. The corpse was clad in a complete dress suit of black broadcloth, new underclothing, and a white linen shirt. Beside him in the coffin lay his trusty rifle, which the deceased prized above all other things, and which was to be buried with him in compliance with an often expressed desire.

A clergyman read an impressive funeral service, which was attentively listened to by the audience, after which the coffin lid hid the well known face of Wild Bill from the prying gaze of the world forever.


A grave had been prepared on the mountain side, toward the east, and to that place in the bright sunlight, the air redolent with the perfume of sweet flowers, the birds sweetly singing, and all nature smiling, the solemn cortege wended its way and deposited the mortal remains of Wild Bill.

Upon a large stump at the head of the grave, the following inscription is deeply cut: "A brave man--the victim of an assassin--J. B. Hickock (Wild Bill), aged 48 years; murdered by Jack McCall, August 2, 1876."

The city is now exceedingly quiet, although the people are determined to have no more jury trials.




Chicago, August 23. A dispatch just received at military headquarters here says an Indian arriving yesterday at Standing Rock Agency, on the Missouri river, reported that about ten or twelve days previously a severe fight took place between the troops and Indians, at a point north of the Black Hills, and that the loss on both sides was heavy, but the troops had possession of the field. The Indians broke into bands and dispersed over the country, with the troops in pursuit.


St. Paul, August 23. A Pioneer special from Bismarck says a white scout named Burke has just arrived from Mount Rosebud with dispatches. Crook and Terry, after making a junction, and following up the main Indian trail, left their wagons, tents, etc., took thirty-seven companies of cavalry and eight of infantry, and were making forced marches, expecting to overtake the Indians before they reached the Yellowstone river. Night before last


appeared on the opposite bank of the river from Berthold Agency and demanded supplies. Upon being refused they opened fire, which lasted about fifteen minutes. They then withdrew and struck south toward Fort Lincoln.


Later disptaches just received from the commanding officer at Standing Rock, says that Indians from Sitting Bull's camp report a terrible battle between Sitting Bull and Terry and Crook's combined forces. The Indians were repulsed and have scattered. Terry and Crook, however, are reported as having sustained quite as heavy losses as the Indians.





We learn from Mr. Harry Duffy, who returned yesterday from Fort Laramie, that what was known as the Caldwell surveying trip to Salt Lake, has been abandoned on account of the Indians and the fact of not having a proper escort. He left the remainder of the party at Laramie, and thinks they will remain there for a short time. He reports that the Indians about Red Cloud and Spotted Tail agencies are very impatient and restless, and seem only to be waiting to get an opportunity to evade the vigilance of the authorities to break away and join the war parties. He says the mountaineers who are coming into the outposts are very much annoyed by small bands of prowling Indians, whose only object in life seems to be to steal horses.










The value of the structures in the Centennial grounds, with contents, is estimated at $104,820,350.


There are about five hundred Russians, all told, in Ellis county. They have already founded three villages.




The Utes who deserted Lieutenant Spencer at Cheyenne river, arrived at Rawlins, turning over their arms to Sheriff Rennie.




Will Cowley county ever have another agricultural fair?

An unusual amount of sickness prevails among the children of this vicinity.

The recent rains put the Walnut past fording last week. How about that bridge below town?


The Normal Institute now in session is in a very flourishing condition. Forty teachers are now in attendance and more are dropping in every day, with the prospect that the number will run up to sixty. Prof. Lemmon, assisted by Geo. Robinson, has charge. R. C. Story is expected this week to help in conducting the institute.

Jay Bryan, a six year old son of Hon. T. R. Bryan, of Dexter, was seriously injured last Friday by falling from a loaded wagon, that was in motion, and being struck across the chest and shoulders with the wheel. The lad says the wheel ran over him, but his father thinks the boy must have been pushed from under the wheel as it moved forward; otherwise, the wagon was loaded heavy enough to have had fatal results.




Jewell county has unearthed a mastadon which answers to this description: Tusks 9 feet long and 9 inches in diameter; thigh bone 4 feet and 6 inches; shoulder blade bone 2 feet and 4 inches in length, and 2 feet in width; teeth 4 inches wide and 9 inches long, with 4 teeth on each side, 20 inches between the eyes; length of carcass 52 feet; height 15 feet; coupling 8 feet from shoulder to hip; 5 feet across hips of solid bone; socket joint of fore leg 15-1/2 inches in diameter; 4 feet from the top of the head to the lower end of the jaw, solid bone.




HOUSES are in demand.

MAGEE! Oh, where is he?

H. P. FARRAR has returned.

IMMIGRATION continues to come in.

No coffin sold in the city this week.

O. P. HOUGHTON is a Notary Public.

PRESBYTERIAN Sabbath school at 12 m.

ANOTHER Sheriff's sale notice this week.

DICK ROSEY will start for the Centennial next week.

The well-digger, Scott, is looking for that colt yet.

WHEAT threshing continues with its unusual activity.

PROF. BACON, the new teacher, is expected this week.

BUTTER, 20 cents; eggs, 10 cents; spring chickens, 25 cents.

METHODIST Sabbath school at 9 a.m. Everybody invited.

The proceeds of the M. E. Concert amounted to $18.35.

J. C. FULLER, of Winfield, has returned from the Centennial.

REV. SWARTS is down from Hutchinson to spend a week here.



E. D. EDDY expects to visit his home in Michigan in a few weeks.

SWEET POTATOES are in the market. They are worth $1.60 per bushel.

The Osage Indian name for Little Arkansas is "Weshutsee Shinka."

In some parts of Kansas pressed hay is used for fuel. It makes a hot fire.

New coffee mills, granite ware, cooking stoves, etc., at C. R. Sipes this week.

THIS is the last number of Volume 6, and the TRAVELER enters on its seventh year next week.

LARGE quantities of apples from Missouri and Arkansas are being brought into this county now.

J. L. STUBBS, Henry and Will Mowry went out Monday afternoon and brought back thirty-nine chickens.

SNAKE BIT. A daughter of Chas. Bash's was bitten by a rattlesnake, while plowing in her barefeet, last week.

J. L. STUBBS came up from the Osage Agency last Monday. He reports everything quiet. Agent Beede is visiting the East.


DEPUTY U. S. MARSHAL R. L. WALKER has been for several days engaged in ferreting out the illicit distilling of liquor near this place, and on Sunday last found where the still had been, and arrested Wm. Magee as one of the parties connected with it. Magee was brought to town and confined at the Central Avenue hotel. On Monday morning, about three o'clock, he asked to go out, pretending to be sick. Mr. Walker gave his consent, telling Mr. Magee to leave his boots and hat. Magee left them, and in his shirt and pants, made a run toward the Arkansas bridge, getting so much of a start that the Sheriff did not overtake him. The still, we are informed, was on Cass Endicott's farm, but had not been there a great while. Not long ago it was on Grouse creek, and by this time there is no telling where it is. It seems the parties connected with it moved it about from place to place, and located it where they chose, without the knowledge of the owners of the land. It remains to be proven whether even Magee was in any manner connected with it. The efforts of the Sheriff, however, have resulted in stopping its work in Cowley county.



STEAMBOAT. Mr. Hoyt, A. Chamberlain, and L. McLaughlin returned from Little Rock last week, and Allen Mowry and the pilot are expected soon. It was found that the boat with its present power could not come farther on account of the strong current over the rapids above Little Rock. A new engine is to be put on and another trial made soon. The pilot reports good water all the way down, and the only difficulty is insufficient power. Parties at Little Rock offer to put on the additional engine, and take an interest in the boat in order to make the enterprise a success, or put a boat of their own on the river as soon as one can be built, and run the two. Mr. Hoyt deserves great credit for the effort made to bring the boat up. His health failing, he was compelled to come home, and is at present down with the Arkansas chills.


DEMOCRAT SOLD. Chas. McIntire sold the entire office of the Cowley County Democrat to Wm. Allison last week. Mr. Allison is to fulfill all unexpired subscriptions and advertising contracts. The publishing of the Democrat was an experiment from the first, and has now proven that the fourth paper cannot live in Cowley county. Mr. McIntire conducted the paper honorably and

thoroughly, and would have made it a good journal had he received sufficient support and encouragement.


A PETITION is in circulation asking the proper officers to call an election to vote on the proposition of issuing $2,000 in bonds to rebuild the bridge across the Walnut. If the bridge can be properly built for $2,000, then we say put it up, for already it has been a detriment to that amount. It is claimed that the piers can be built four feet higher, and the bridge put up in a safe condition, for that amount, but we doubt it.


BASKET MEETING. A basket meeting began last Saturday on Grouse creek, near Lippman's mill, under the direction of Rev. Brady, M. E. minister stationed at Dexter, and will be continued until next Sabbath. General invitation extended.


THE STORE ROOM OF CHANNELL & HAYWOOD's is now completed and the goods will be moved in this week. It is one of the neatest stores, and comprises one of the largest stocks of hardware to be found in the Southwest.


HON. WM. P. HACKNEY, one of the most successful lawyers in Southern Kansas, with O. M. Seward, of Coshocton county, Ohio, were attending the trial of Speers versus Goodrich, before Judge McIntire yesterday.


The game law will allow you to shoot prairie chickens, wild turkeys, pheasants, and deer after the 15th of August. Quails must not be shot before November 1, and no insectivorous or carnivorous bird at any time.


E. J. FITCH went to his farm three miles north of town, last Wednesday, and was taken suddenly sick with congestive fever, which assumed so violent a form that he could not be moved to his home for several days.


TWO PAWNEE INDIANS passed through this place last week, on their way north. They will endeavor to be employed as scouts against the Sioux, who have for many years been their deadly



SAMUEL HUFF sold his farm to John Pittman, of Elkhart county, Indiana, for $1,600 recently, and expects to return to Osowatomie, where he says he "can keep a cow without tying her by the head."


It is rumored that considerable whiskey was sold from the distillery at this place. We were told that it could only be obtained at night from a stranger--a woman, or a man in women's clothes.


A railroad and steamboat meeting was held at Kager's office Monday evening, and it was determined to offer an inducement to parties at Little Rock to come up with one of their large boats.


The social at Judge Christian's last Wednesday evening was largely attended, and a lively evening spent. "Music hath charms," and the audience were well entertained with it.


CATTLE KILLED. Frank Lorry had a pole shed made, and put his threshed straw on it for a roof. While a yoke of his cattle were under it, it came down, killing both of them.


CHAPLAIN McCABE, of Chicago, will lecture at this place Oct. 31st, on "The Bright Side of Libby Prison. Its songs and its Life." Mr. McCabe has a wide reputation.


A new dry goods store is to be started in the building vacated by Channell & Haywood. The gentlemen are from St. Joseph, who are to engage in the business.


MARRIED. Sunday, August 13, by Frank Hunt, Justice of the Peace, MR. ORVILLE SMITH and MISS MILAM HAWK, both of Sumner County. "Happy may they ever be."


The members of the Hayes and Wheeler Club are requested to meet in Kager's office, Friday evening next, to elect officers and complete the organization of the club.


R. A. HOUGTHON returned from Caldwell last week. We noticed his store room full of customers last Saturday, and concluded that Rube has all he can attend to at home.


J. C. BENNETT, of Emporia, and Mr. Hyme, of St. Louis, both commercial men, made it convenient to spend the Sabbath at the Central Avenue at this place.


The Ladies' Society of the Presbyterian Church will meet on Wednesday, August 30, at 2 o'clock p.m., at the residence of Mr. L. McLaughlin.


UNCLE DAVID THOMPSON says the man that steals his wood the next time will be blown up, or get a dose of buckshot in an inconvenient place.


BRIDGE DOWN. We learn that one span of the bridge across the Arkansas at El Paso is down on the water, caused by the sinking of a pier.


CORN is cheaper than firewood, and many persons are burning it. We have two wagon loads we expect to send up the flue this winter.


ONE-HALF of the six months' term of the great Centennial Exposition of Philadelphia has now elapsed. The total number of admissions up to this date was 2,860,000; total cash receipts at the gates and for licenses, etc., are over a million of dollars.




$88 LOST. Sunday evening, between Thomas Carder's farm and Fawcett';s vineyard, I lost my pocket book containing $88 in money, and notes to the amount of $66. The finder will be liberally rewarded. HERMANN GODEHARD.


50 neatly printed visiting cards for $1 at the Traveler office. Send in your name and the cards will be mailed to you.


LOST. Last Saturday, a summer shawl; all wool, double border. MRS. A. T. ANNIS.


LOST. A lady's photograph, in or near town.



All parties knowning themselves indebted to C. M. McIntire for subscription to the Cowley County Democrat, who get their mail at this office, are requested to call at Judge McIntire's office and settle immediately. C. M. McINTIRE.


FOUND. A brass door key.


WANTED. A male teacher for school district 53 for a six months' term of school beginning October 1, 1876; ability to teach the rudiments of music; recommendation from District Board preferable to graded certificate.

WM. MERCER, Director, Bolton Township.


ONE HALF section of land for sale, by John Dean, living nine miles west of county line on the Shoe Fly road, in Sumner county.


TO RENT. 6 miles east of town, 14 acres of good land, broken last June. Apply at the Post Office.


FALL BARLEY. Some choice fall barley for sale at Houghton & McLaughlin's and S. P. Channell & Co. Call early and secure it at once.


FOUND. A leather belt with plated buckle. Apply at this office.




The Commissioner of Indian affairs has given permission to Sheridan to raise 100 Pawnee scouts for the Sioux war.


A battalion of independent rangers and Indian fighters is being raised in Atchison. The men are to furnish their own horses and clothes, an application will be made to the government for arms.


Assistant Adjutant General Crum has just received a dispatch from Fort Brown, Wyoming Territory, stating that a Shoshone Indian had left Gen. Crook on the 10th instant well down on Tongue river. He thought Gen. Crook would strike the Indians on the 11th or 12th.


The horrors of the Custer massacre are somewhat alleviated by the announcement that one of the men who fell in that terrible fight was a book agent of twenty-two years' standing, who had gone to the frontier to sell "Blatherick's Life of Eryspelas," in thirty monthly parts, fifty cents a number. Burlington Hawkeye.




If Sitting Bull was a cadet, and was abused at West Point, as stated, he ought to reflect that the whole country is not to blame for it.


All but twenty-seven of the Utes who left Fort Fetterman, after having been feasted and armed, and having indulged in numerous war dances, deserted at Cheyenne river, taking with them the arms which were furnished them to fight the Sioux.


Hard Rope, one of the distinguished Osages, says that Gen. Custer did not know how to fight Indians, and that ever since the killing of Black Kettle, he has known that Custer would some time meet his fate at the hands of Indians.




Volume Seven, No. 1.

With this issue, the TRAVELER enters its seventh volume. SIX YEARS AGO LAST JULY, we first made our appearance on the grassy knoll which was to be Arkansas City, and six years ago from Wednesday, August 24, 1876, the TRAVELER was first issued. In looking over the first number, we find the names of parties advertising with us then who continue yet, and our old subscription books reveal many names that are yet on our list. The advancement of Cowley County has been our advancement, and the progress of the people our progress--and it does us good today to say to our readers; you were with us then, we are with you now.


STEAMBOAT! Mr. E. B. Kager received a letter last night from Mr. H. O. Barnes, the pilot who explored the Arkansas river from this place to Little Rock, in which he says there is plenty of water, and a larger boat with a more powerful engine will start for this place in two days. She gets $300 when he lands at this place and a load back. The name of the boat is the

"Inspector." In side of four weeks we expect to see her.


The sale of land for delinquent taxes began yesterday at Winfield, and will probably continue a day or two. All lands on which all of the tax has not been paid will be sold. From the date of the sale, the tax certificates draw interest at the rate of fifty percent per annum; if paid one month after the sale, the interest would be one-twelfth of fifty percent, or four and one-sixth percent;. two months would be eight and one-third percent; three months would be twelve and a half percent; and so on.

If the land is not redeemed in three years, a tax deed will be issued to the holder of the tax certificate. In paying taxes, compare your receipts with your patents, and see that you have paid all instead of half the tax. Taxes are due again November 1, and the whole or one half the same may be paid on or before December 20, without penalty.




The farmers are all busy getting ready to sow their fall crops of wheat, but have been obliged to stop plowing on account of the ground being too hard to work. If rain does not come soon, a large amount of ground will have to lay over until next spring. Quite a number have threshed their wheat, averaging from eight to twelve bushels to the acre where a part is sod, and on old ground, from sixteen to thirty. In most cases where wheat has been headed, the stacks have been badly damaged, leaving the grain in poor condition.

We have a steam threshing machine run by Christy and Stevens, and a more gentlemanly set of men never traveled with a machine--no swearing, etc., quite unusual with such a company. They also do good work, and can turn out 900 or 1,000 bushels per day if necessary. Hartsock's, Kerr's, and other machines are busy at work over here, and giving good satisfaction.

I notice that J. C. Topliff and John Brown have at some expense introduced fall barley, which has proved to be a grand success. That on the farm of the former was very nice, yielding nearly forty bushels to the acre, and without doubt, it would have gone sixty bushels if it had been sown early.

Quite a number of improvements are being made. A. Battoni has nearly finished a very neat 1-1/2 story brick house; S. Pepper and John Brown have each underway a stone house, and several others are talking of building soon.

There is a good demand here now for teams to plow, as a large number are wanting to sow more than they can possibly do.

Our bridge to your city is sadly in need of repair. Planking has been going on for three or four weeks, and it is yet unfinished. Please hurry them up.

Grasshoppers have not as yet made their appearance, and should they come, but very little damage could be done.





Plowing, harrowing, making hay and threshing are the daily vocations of our farmers now, the two former receiving the most attention at present, as the farmers are determined to do their seeding early this fall.

At the annual school meeting of district No. 10 there was no change of officers made, Mr. Ed. Chapin being unanimously elected to the clerkship of the district.

I understand that Mr. Joshua Birdsell's house and all its contents were destroyed by fire about ten days ago. It is thought the fire was caused by a defective flue. Such accidents as this will occur as long as people trust to the safety of a stove pipe extending through the roof, instead of a brick flue.

Messrs. Beach and Mumaw have invested in what is generally called a "portable humbug," viz.; the pulverizing harrow, which is being sold by an agent from the north. The harrow is endorsed as being good for all it is recommended.

The countenance of Jim Whitson was lighted with sparks of brotherly love, last Saturday, by the arrival of a brother from Kentucky. Mr. Whitson, Jr., expresses himself as being well pleased with our country, and will probably locate in Pleasant Valley.

I am informed that Holland and Holtby threshed for Mr. Beesley, of Beaver creek, 104 bushels of wheat from three acres of land. C. C. H.





August 25, 1876.

As it is cool enough this morning to keep the flies quiet, I will write you a few lines. At 2 o'clock p.m., yesterday, the thermometer registered 115, but a cool wind from the northwest this morning has brought the temperature down to 68.

Agent Miles, with his two amiable daughters, stopped with me last night. The Agent reports all quiet about the Agency. Two squaws were killed and two soldiers badly injured by lightning during a severe storm that passed over that section last Sunday night.

He reports that the Cheyennes and Arrapahoes are thinking of selling off part of their ponies and engaging in cattle raising.

Mr. Miles was on his way to Leavenworth after his wife, who has been there for some months.

The cattle drive is over. Quite a number of ponies have been driven past here this summer from Texas for Kansas and Colordo. The road is lined with freighters.

The other day a freighter mistook Messrs. Jackson and Smith, of Wichita, for Indians; and thinking his time had come, unhitched his horses and struck off over the prairie, leaving his wagon load of freight standing unguarded. The two men ran after him, calling out for him to stop; but the harder they yelled, the faster he ran. It was the poor fellow's first trip, and probably will be his last to this part of the country.







Sheriff to sell at the south front door of the courthouse in Winfield, for cash, the following premises, to-wit: Beginning 24 rods south of the northeast corner of the southeast quarter of section 22 in township 33, south of range 6 east, running thence north, parallel with the first line, 40 rods, thence east to place of beginning, containing 5 acres, with the appurtenances thereunto belonging, valued at $75.00; and the Dexter Mill Property, consisting of five acres of land, with the all appurtenances thereunto belonging, situated on the northwest corner of the northeast quarter of the southeast quarter of section 13, township 33, south of range 6 east, situated in Cowley county, appraised at $3,000.









NO CIRCUS this summer.

WATERMELONS are given away.

WALNUTS will be plenty this fall.

PEACHES will be plentiful in our market this fall.

IMPROVEMENTS are steadily progressing over town.

CONTRIBUTIONS for beer by express are taken up tri-weekly.

COL. MANNING addressed a meeting at Silverdale last Saturday.

MEASLES have made their appearance in the vicinity of South Haven.

The roads have been more duty the past week than for many months.

CHANNEL & HAYWOOD occupy their new building as a store room now.

MISSOURI apples are offered on the streets every week at two dollars per bushel.

A man came in from Missouri to Grouse Creek with eighteen head of work mules, for sale.

EIGHTEEN bushels of wheat to the acre was the amount produced on the sand hills near the cemetery.

WHEAT is coming up again. For a few days after the bank broke, it was difficult to sell at fair figures.

MISS GEORGIE CHRISTIAN has been engaged as assistant teacher in the schools at this plce at $25 per month.

WHEAT sells all the way from 70 to 80 cents at Wichita. Considerable has been taken this week from this place.

CHARLES McINTIRE will start a paper at Cedar Vale, Chautauqua county. It is a small but growing place, 35 miles east of Arkansas City.

HODGE MURDOCK has a boy. That is, there is a new boy at his house, belonging to him and Mrs. Murdock. Dr. Shepard's presence was demanded.

G. B. GREEN is building a house 36 by 14 feet with an L, 14 by 20 feet, with main part 14 feet high, on Grouse creek, estimated to cost nearly $1,000.

A. J. PYBURN came down last week to see his many friends in this vicinity. He will be the nominee for State Senator on the Democratic ticket this fall.

The teachers' examination for certificates takes place at Winfield next week, after the close of the Institute, which will probably be Friday and Saturay.

Last Thursday evening as Mr. Hollenbeck was about to go home, his horse became frightened, and jumping from under him, let him fall, and broke his collar bone.

The social of the Presbyterian society will be held at the residence of Mr. O. P. Houghton on Wednesday evening, Sept. 13.

COL. McMULLEN AND WIFE returned last week from the Cen-

tennial and the East. During their absence, Mrs. McMullen and her child were very sick, and they are glad to get back safe.

POSTPONED. As Prof. Bacon desired to attend the Teacher's Institute now in session at Winfield, the public schools at this place have been postponed until September 18th, nearly two weeks.


Some Indian squaws fancied A. A. Davis' sulky plow, the other evening, as he was passing by, and asked for a ride. Mr. Davis, according to his usual generosity and disposition to accommodate, let two of them on, and started on a brisk trot down the hill north of town, over stones, ruts, and rails.

The Indians enjoyed it at first, but soon gave vent to expressions of pain rather than pleasure, but could not jump off. "Oh! Ah! Ugh! White-te man no go so soon; too much-ee heap ride." Yet, happy as a lark, Davis drove on, nearly bursting with laughter, until one after the other rolled off--gathered up their traps and leaned against a fence post to rest, as they did not care to sit down. You can't get one of them near a sulky plow now.


CANDIDATES. L. J. Webb will probably be the nominee, on the Republican ticket, for Representative from the northern district of Cowley county; J. M. Allen for County Attorney; R. C. Story for Superintendent of Public Instruction--that is, if "straws show the way the wind blows." The friends of Capt. McDermott insist on him coming out in place of Allen, but the Captain is slow to aspire for any honor. On the Democratic ticket, Amos Walton is fishing for Representative again, from this district, and the friends of Judge Christian want him to come forward as County Attorney, and Judge Gans for Probate Judge.


HORSE STOLEN. Last week a man going by the name of John P. Rierden, from Reily Springs, Texas, came to Walker's stable and hired a white-face, sorrel horse, with three white feet, and branded W B on left hip, for the purpose of hunting a claim, saying he would be back on Tuesday evening. When the time came and he did not come in, Mr. Walter started after him and trailed him as far as Beaver creek near Kaw Agency, where he found the thief had too much of a start and abandoned pursuit. Rierden evidently started for Dennison, Texas, and should be arrested wherever found.


We learn that Sidney Major will soon move to his farm near this place. While we will be glad to have Sid, back with us, we regret that we can't have him to stop with at Winfield.

LATER. We learn that Mr. Major has leased the Lagonda House, and will continue in business at Winfield.


BARRELS. The parties connected with the whiskey distilling who stored twenty-two empty barrels in Mr. Maxwell's timber will have until Saturday to get them away. The parties are known, so they need not run around after night to do the work, but come right out in the daytime if they want them.


REAL ESTATE. H. O. MEIGS has entered into partnership with a gentleman from Illinois, and will open a real estate office at Wichita. To the public generally, we take pleasure in recommending Mr. Meigs as a man of good judgment, a careful purchaser, and one in whom every confidence can be placed.



CEDAR VALE is a fast town for so small a place. They have a fight, foot race, or pony purse almost every day. Not long ago three of their bullies jumped on the little Dexter blacksmith, and he punished them all; not however, until one of them cut an ugly gash in his arm.


GONE EAST. T. H. McLAUGHLIN is rusticating about New York and Boston, and laying in a supply of fall and winter goods for this market. We can expect something nice in the goods line, when Mc. returns. He will take in the Centennial before



The lumber for the new floor in the Arkansas bridge is being delivered by Mr. L. Lippman. There is to be 14,000 of two inch elm lumber furnished at $27 per thousand feet. Payment to be made in Township orders.


The Sheriff told us last week he had Magee at the Central Avenue. He was mistaken; in short, he lied, for Magee was at Walker's barn. We say this because the Central Avenue don't want the credit of keeping him. That is, keeping Magee.


GRASSHOPPERS! Last Thursday evening a cloud of grasshoppers came down on the farms about four miles north of town, but were too late to do any damage. We believe they have all moved on from this county.


COURT begins Tuesday, Oct. 3rd. The docket is not very full, and the session will probably not last longer than one week. The jurors will be selected on the first day of the court.




A meeting was called to form a Hayes and Wheeler club on Friday evening, September 1, at E. B. Kager's office. Wm. Sleeth was chosen chairman of the meeting. On motion S. P. Channell was elected President of the club; C. M. Scott, Vice President; C. R. Mitchell, Secretary; I. H. Bonsall, Corresponding Secretary;

W. S. Hunt, Treasurer.

Wm. Sleeth, E. R. Thompson, and H. P. Farrar were appointed as committee on constitution and by laws.

On motion E. B. Kager, Geo. Allen, Wm. Sleeth, A. W. Patterson, and W. D. Mowry were appointed an executive committee.

On motion E. R. Thompson, H. G. Bentley, and W. D. Mowry were appointed a committee on music, with power to form a glee club.

Moved and seconded that the proceedings of this meeting be published in the TRAVELER; also a notice of the next meeting of the club, and an invitation extended to all Republicans in the country adjoining to join the club.

After listening to remarks from Messrs. Kager, Scott, Rev. Thompson and others, the meeting adjourned, to meet Thursday night, September 7.


C. R. MITCHELL, Sec'y.




[From the Wichita Eagle.]

This Wednesday morning, the First National Bank posted a notice on its doors that it had gone into voluntary liquidation. No further statement is made, except that so much money had been checked out for wheat yesterday and a failure of currency expected this morning by express, forced a suspension of payments. They say their assets are abundant to meet all liabilities. We venture no opinion.

P. S. Since penning the above, the Vice President of the bank, and one of the directors requested us to announce that a statement of the affairs of the bank would be made immediately. They declare confidently that the calamity was unexpected to them as to the depositors, and all for the want of money; that they have enough in the United States Treasury to meet 25 percent of their deposits, and enough exchange and good paper to cover all liabilities. If hey had had one day more to cash their drafts, they would have tided over. They say further that since the suspension of the Eldorado bank, there has been a steady drain upon them by depositors, and that it was an impossibility to collect notes on the best men in town.

As to all the above, we vouch nothing, only expressing the hope that for the sake of our people, whose money they have had, as well as for the honor of the officers and men connected, all may come out square.




Prints: 7 cents

Flour: $3.00

Bacon: 16 cents

Lard: 16 cents

Butter: 20 cents

Eggs: 10 cents

Molasses: 50 to 90 cents

Sugar from: 6 to 10 lbs. for $1

Dried Apples: 15 cents

Peaches: 15 cents

Currants: 12-1/2 cents

Prunes: 12-1/2 cents

Blackberries: 16-1/2 cents

Salt: $1.75 @ $2.00 cwt.

Rope: 15 cents

Potatoes: 40 cents bushel

Tea from: 40 @ $1.25

Coffee from: 25 to 30 cents

Coal Oil: 50 cents

Flooring from: $2.50 @ $4.00

Common boards: $3.50

Siding: $2.70


per 1,000: $5.50

Native Lumber: $2.15 @ $2.50

Pine Shingles: $5.00




Omaha, August 31. A. A. Jones, agent of Clark's Pony Express at Deadwood City, arrived from Sidney this morning. He says the Indians raided the road between Custer and Deadwood. On the 20th they killed Weston Smith, a minister, and three miners named Jake Brown, Pallins, and Mason, carrying off their stock. On the 22nd they made a raid on a party five miles south of Custer City, and killed James Kidd, Samuel Wallace, J. Weilley, and Thompson. The Indians are supposed to be Northern Sioux from the hostile camp. On the road to the Agencies, Jones says, the country is full of Indians. No truth in the statement of Deadwood being corralled.




FOUR CONTRACT. MR. A. A. NEWMAN has been awarded another contract to supply the Pawnee Indians with 30,000 pounds of flour. The contract is not so large this time, but more are expected.




FOR SALE. A six-octave Estey Cottage Organ can be bought cheap for cash. Apply at Eddy's drug store.


COME, FRIENDS, pay up; we are crowded to meet our payments, and must have our pay. HENRY FRANKLIN.


80 acres of land to rent for wheat, with two houses attached. Inquire at KELLOGG & HOYT's.


TO RENT. 6 miles east of town, 14 acres of good land, broken last June. Apply at the Post Office.




Reform within the Republican Party.

WILLOW VALE, Sept. 5, 1876.

Editor Traveler:

Having been a Republican since the organization of that party, believing in the fundamental principles of that party, and anxious for its prosperity and perpetuation, I cannot but look with alarm at the widespread and general dissatisfaction within our ranks at the recent unexpected, disastrous, and disgraceful culmination that (through the apathy and neglect of the people themselves) has rendered it possible for the commercial politicians--the trading rings, shsyters, and tricksters, who have taken advantage of such apathy to debase the primary meetings for the election of delegates, and prostituted by fraud and chicanery the last county convention--to nominate a man of notoriously bad character for the high and honorable office of State Senator.

Go where you will, travel where you may, and is it possible to find a more earnest, honest, upright, and energetic people than are in Cowley county? Where will you find the diffusion of knowledge more general and widespread, the morals of the people purer, their love of virtue more proverbial? A high-toned, prosperous people, and such a nomination by the representatives of the last convention, who misrepresented the Republican party!

Well may it make old and tried Republicans tremble, causing them to bow their heads, while their cheeks are mantled with shame and indignation.

Oh! Why is it possible within our ranks for such men to receive a patient hearing, much less a nomination? Why is it that the people will stay at home from the primaries, and leave a few miserable trading tricksters to elect themselves delegates and nominate such a man?

How is it possible for any man in Cowley county to consider patiently for one monent the elevation of such a man as E. C. Manning to the State Senate? A man whose bad political record is not circumscribed within the limits of Kansas, but who himself has testified to his own infamy before a committee of the Senate of the United States. A man, who, by fraud and trickery, in 1870 had the Commissioners of Cowley County to disfranchise a portion of our people by rejecting the votes cast in six voting precincts that voted against him, and thus defeating his opponent, who on a count of all the votes cast had a clear majority of nine; but Manning, knowing a majority of the people had voted against him, went up and misrepresented us, as he swears to himself, before the committee of Congress.

These are not the only charges that men of unimpeachable integrity all over Cowley county are making every day and every hour. No wonder there is such universal sorrow and discontent within our party over his nomination. Never was there such universal, open, and notorious rebellion within our ranks over any nomination. Men who never bolted the ticket, nor scratched a name therefrom, are today asking each other what they should do.

They say, "Is this the reform within the party that we have waited upon so long, and which is the war cry of Republicans in their campaign?" The answer is: "No!" This nomination is unrepublican; we will not be bound by it. The man is a fraud, as was the convention that nominated him, and rather than be represented by him, we will vote for a Democrat--anybody rather than such a man. The misfortune incident to Democratic ascendancy, disgraceful though it would be, is far more preferable to the people than that the shameful knowledge should diffuse itself over the State that we of Cowley county were infamous enough to say that such a man was a representative of our people--because it is but too true that the people are judged abroad by the character of their Senators and Representatives.

Now, Mr. Editor, in behalf of our party, which has shown such energy and made such a gallant effort to reform abuses within itself; in behalf of that party that has not hesitated to drag from power some of our most trusted leaders, because of their trickery and rascality; in behalf of decency, honesty, and respectability; in behalf of the people of Cowley county, our good name and fame hereafter--in the name of all that is honorable in this Centennial year, let it never be said that there were enough infamous Republicans in Cowley county to elect this man to the Senate.

"But," say his backers, "he will get us a railroad." How has it come to pass that railroads can be built by law? Is it possible to induce Eastern capitalists to invest in Kansas railroads, with those that are here in the hands of Receivers?

"But," say they, "we will get the law changed so that a majority vote will carry bonds." Why change the law when you can't get even a proposition from responsible parties looking to the building of a railroad?

"But," say they again, "we will organize a local company and build a narrow gauge." He and his followers build a railroad? Ye gods! What a railroad they would build! Bankrupt in character, bankrupt in purse, only affluent in brass, brag, and political trickery.

Have the people forgotten the Kansas & Nebraska railroad fraud, and Manning's effort to get the bonds of this county for it? And how today Marion county is groaning under a debt of one hundred thousand dollars issued to this corporation? And "still they have no railroad!" Oh! Such hypocrisy! Such rum bosh! It may satisfy the unthinking, but to people of sense it is the merest clap trap to catch votes.

Last fall it was a Granger Bank; this fall it is a railroad. Last fall Manning pocketed the Granger Bank charter that was placed in his hands, to be filed with the Secretary of State, by the Grangers of Cowley County, who had pledged $60,000 to start a Grange Savings Bank. In full fellowship with the movement before his nomination, he suddenly discovered it was not popular with the money changers of Winfield (when he had withdrawn from the campaign)--and yet this man boasts that he is a Granger, and wants the Granger vote.

The time was when such men might, by the aid of the power and prestige of a presidential campaign, secure their election, but that day is passed.

The Republicans propose to break the power of party ties whenever the machinery of the party places men on the ticket obnoxious to them, and they will scratch them, regardless of consequences. The time has passed for self-styled dictators of the party to dragoon us into doing their bidding. The party whip is powerless, and when the ides of November shall come, we will by voice and ballot defeat this man--that the cup of bitterness prepared by providence in the elevation of this man (the consequence of our neglect of duty at the primaries) may pass from our lips.

Cowley county expects every man to do his duty, and if he does, the threatened disgrace that hovers over the good name of our county will pass away forever; and this man who bolted the Republican party in 1870, and organized the bolter's and Democratic Reform party of that day in Cowley county, will be drive to his old comrades for aid and comfort. Further, the Republican party will be purer and better therefor, and the disgrace attendant upon the recent frauds upon our party will never again be repeated.


[We have to repeat again that we are not responsible for the views of our correspondent in the above article, or for the opinions expressed in any communication.--ED.]




The Philadelphia Ledger of August 23rd, says:

"The Kansas State Commission arranged yesterday with Mr.

P. T. Barnum, the showman, to supply him with specimens of the wonderful productions of that State, the object being to give the display greater publicity. The specimens include corn, both in the ear and on the stalk; wheat, oats, hemp, osage orange, castor beans, millet, barley, rye, and grasses of various kinds.




Silverdale Not a Bolter.

FRIEND SCOTT: In a recent issue of the TRAVELER appeared an editorial in regard to the late Senatorial convention, making it appear that the delegates from Silverdale township bolted with the other townships named, and withdrew from the convention.

As I was one of the delegates, I deem it my right and my duty to deny the assertion. There were no grounds for saying that we of Silverdale bolted, save the fact that a gentleman, who had no right whatever to say so, said "Silversale will have nothing to do with this convention," and then withdrew. He did this before the properly elected delegates arrived, who were unavoidably detained.

When they arrived, they presented their credentials, and admitted into the convention, subsequently denying the statement presumptuously made by the self-constituted delegate from Silverdale-remaining in the convention to the end. They endorsed the nomination, and I now claim that the Republicans of Silverdale will sustain them at the polls.


SILVERDALE, Sept. 5, 1876.




Chicago, Sept. 4. The Inter-Ocean's Bismarck special says the latest by couriers arriving today from the Indian expedition is as follows.

The general feeling among both officers and men is that the campaign has been and is likely to prove an immense wild goose chase. No Indians have been seen of late, with the exception of occasional small bands making their appearance for the purpose of stealing, or harassing small parties engaged in moving supplies on Yellowstone.

The main column has not succeeded in overtaking slippery Sitting Bull, and is not likely to this season.

Orders have been received by Terry for the establishment of a camp at the mouth of Tongue river. The 22nd and 5th infantry and 5th cavalry will occupy these quarters.

On August 27th the 7th cavalry were on O'Fallon's creek. Crook had started the day before with his command for Glendine creek, and Gibbon with the greater part of Terry's command was moving toward the Yellowstone, near O'Fallon's creek.

Terry has returned to Powder river with his train and the Sixth Infantry, to prepare for crossing his whole command to the north bank of the river. Terry will endeavor to strike the Indian trail near Sitting Bull, then turn east along the north bank, striking down the south bank at the crook, and by this continued movement they expect to bring about a collision with the Indians, who are along the banks of the river.

The steamers Josephine and Yellowstone were both near Powder river some days ago, and a private on the Yellowstone was killed.

On the 29th a deserter by the name of Pickens was picked up by the Josephine, badly wounded. He and another soldier named Pequiet, of the Sixth Infantry, when four days out from the command, were attacked by Indians; Pequiet being killed, and Pickens escaping into the bushes, where he stood the Indians off for forty-eight hours.




Jack McCall, or Sutherland, the man who killed Wild Bill at Deadwood, has been arrested in Laramie City by Deputy Marshal Balcombe. He was taken to Cheyenne for examination before U. S. Commissioner Bruner, when, if the evidence against him be sufficient, he will be held to await a requisition from the governor of Dakota, and be taken to Yankton for trial for his crime.

McCall admits that Wild Bill never killed a brother of his, but that he killed Wild Bill because he snatched a card from him during the progress of a game between them.




The Winfield Courier tells how Mr. McClure attempted to cross Cedar creek, his wife and five children being with him. The team lost footing, and the current carried the wagon box off and it was soon overturned. The wife clung to a bush and the father saved two of the children, nearly losing his life in attempting to save the others. The three youngest were drowned, also the team, and fifty dollars in money and some other effects were lost. The harness and wagon were recovered.




We have received from E. C. Manning, and by his request, publish the following notice.


I will address the voters of Silverdale township at Lippmann's mill, Saturday evening, September 23, 1876. At that time I respectfully challenge all persons who have aught to say against me to be present, and make their charges publicly, that I may answer them.


We have not the time, nor do we think it necessary, to follow Mr. Manning over the county to make charges that have been through the courts and before the people sufficiently often and long to condemn him to every honest voter; but, since he asks for charges, and openly challenges any and all to make them we have a few to make.

1. As he pretends to be a true Republican, and is for reading out of the party any who are in opposition to him, we charge him with bolting the party in 1870, resulting in the defeat of his election; and afterwards fraudulently manipulating the throwing out of the votes of six precincts, in order to gain his aim and thereby defeating the person really elected, against the will of the people.

2. We charge him with being interested in and connected with the bridge swindle at Winfield, as published in the Telegram of October 2nd, 1873.

3. We charge him with opposing the proposition to vote aid to the Kansas & Nebraska Railroad Company, until after he had extorted a bond of $1,000 from the President and Secretary thereof.

4. With his attempt to have the $150,000 bonds of Cowley county issued to the Kansas & Nebraska Railroad Company after he knew the company had become bankrupt, and there was no possibil-ity of the road being built.

5. With mutilating the records of the Probate Judge, in the case of his pretended marriage license.

6. With his unscrupulous manipulation of the primary meetings in Winfield and other townships, resulting in his present nomination.

7. With his refusal to pay his promissory notes in the hands of poor farmers, while he has abundant means so to do.

8. We charge him with joining the Grange for political purposes, and pretending to organize a "Farmers' Savings Bank" for the same end, which he pocketed after his withdrawal from his nomination, stating that it was "simply to catch votes."

9. We repeat the charge of his having demanded $1,000 of Sid. Clark, for his vote for him as United States Senator.

10. We charge him with selling his vote to Caldwell as sworn to by Manning himself, before the Caldwell Investigating Committee at Washington.

These, and many other similar instances loom up before us when we read his card openly defying a charge to be made. The people of Cowley county know his record, know the man, and now that he challenges any to come forth, defying them to repeat what is already known and established, it is too much for human forbearance. The convention that nominated him made a great mistake; and since we have learned that it was called and manipulated wrongfully, we do not consider ourselves bound by it, neither do we expect to endorse it.








Indian Contracts Awarded to Newman, Channell & Haywood, to the Amount of $40,000 and over.

We learn by letter that the bids of A. A. Newman, Haywood (of Channell & Haywood), and McLaughlin (of Houghton & McLaughlin), for flour and transportation to the different Agencies south of us have been accepted as follows.

For Sac and Fox Agency, delivered there in indefinite quantities, at $2.48 per 100 lbs., and the following quantities to be delivered at the respective agencies:

For the Kiowa, 220,000 lbs. at $3.29.

For the Wichita, 80,000 lbs. at $3.29.

For the Pawnees, 200,000 lbs. at $2.23.

For the Cheyennes and Arapahoes, 260,000 lbs. at $2.97.

For the Osages, indefinite quantity, at $2.19 per 100 lbs.

This will give a cash market for wheat at our very doors, freighting for a number of teams, and employment to many men, and build up for the town a business greater than known before.

Mr. Thomas Lannigan, of Fort Smith, Arkansas, has the contract for beef, and will purchase largely in Cowley and Sumner counties. His contract is for beef on the hoof, at $3.73-1/2 for Kiowa and Comanche, 2,650,000 lbs.; for Cheyenne and Arapahoe, 3,000,000 lbs.; Wichita, 550,000 lbs.; Osage, 500,000 lbs.; Pawnee, 1,500,000 lbs., at $3.56.

With the prospect of the Walnut Valley Railroad, the steamboat that is now on its way, and the general prospects for good crops, we look forward to a bright dawn of the future.





The Massacre of Gen. Custer's Command,

As Seen by an Eyewitness.

Minneapolis, September 7. The Pioneer, Press, and Tribune will tomorrow publish a report of an interview with an old trapper, named Ridgely, who has been a long time in the Yellowstone country, and claims to have witnessed Custer's massacre, being a prisoner in Sitting Bull's camp, and seeing every movement of the troops.

He was taken prisoner last March, and kept in the camp of the Indians ever since. Until the Custer massacre he was treated kindly. He saw Sitting Bull, who organized the Indians not to fight the whites; but to drive the miners from the Hills.

Previous to Custer's attack, mounted couriers from Sitting Bull's camp had for eight days watched his forces. His division was divided into small detachments, and Custer's approach was observed with extreme delight; and while the Indians stood ready for an attack, many of them clambered on the side hill overlooking Custer's line of march.

The Indian camp was divided by bluffs, the point of which ran towards the Rosebud, and in the direction of the only available ford on the river to camp by this ford.

Custer followed their trail down toward the edge. There were but twenty-five Sioux visible to Custer, but there were seventy-five double lodges behind the bluffs not visible.

Custer attacked the smaller village and was immediately met by 1,500 or 2,000 Indians in regular order of battle. Every movement was made with military precaution. Custer began the fight near the ford, and fully one-half of his command seemed to be unhorsed at the first fire. Then the soldiers retreated toward the hills in the rear and were shot down on the way with astonishing rapidity, the commanding officer falling from his horse in the middle of the fight, which commenced at eleven o'clock and did not last more than forty-five minutes.

After the massacre of Custer's force, the Indians returned to the camp with six soldiers, and these six were tied to stakes at a wood pile in the village and burned to death. While the flames were torturing them to death, the Indian boys fired red-hot arrows into their flesh until they died.

Sitting Bull exultingly remarked that he had killed many soldiers and one damned General, but did not know who he was. The squaws armed themselves with knives and visited the battlefield and robbed and mutilated the bodies of the soldiers.

While the six soldiers were being burned, the Indians turned their attention to the force, evidently to renew and attack the lower end of the village. Ridgely says that Custer's command had been slaughtered before a shot had been fired by Reno's attacking the lower end of their camp about 2 p.m.

The Indians returned in the evening and said the men had fought like the devil. They did not make a statement of their losses. They said the soldiers had been driven back twice, and they piled up stones, and the attack was unsuccessful.

The prisoners were kept burning for over an hour; but Ridgely, not being permitted to speak with them, was unable to state who they were. One was noticeable from his small size and gray hair and whiskers.

Reno killed more Indians than Custer, who fell in the midst of the fight. Two captains, believed to have been Gates and Keogh, were the last to die.

Right after the fight the Indians were wild with delight. Many got drunk on whiskey stolen from the whites, and squaws performed the duty as guards for the prisoners. The squaws became drowsy; consequently Ridgely and two companions escaped. Securing ponies, they started on the long journey homeward. The party ate game, and laid in the woods four days to avoid the Indians. On the way Ridgely's horse stumbled, and he broke his arm; but the party finally reached Fort Abercrombie, and thence Ridgely came here.

Ridgely describes Sitting Bull as a half-breed, large in size, very intelligent, with a peculiar gait.





KILLED. Josiah H. Kellems was struck by lightning last Thursday evening, while near the residence of Frank Walker, and instantly killed. The deceased came to our county from Illinois about seven years ago, was 28 years of age, and unmarried. The bolt seemed to have struck him on the head, passing down his body and out at his feet. Walnut Valley Times.




POTATOES are scarce.

RAIN is much needed.

CENTIPEDES are gone.

The corn trade is dull.

The Arkansas is very low.

ONIONS are plenty this year.

FARMERS are cutting up corn.

THRESHING machines are busy.

Two sets of hay scales in town.

TUESDAY, Oct. 3rd, court begins.

SWEET POTATOES are getting good.

The wheat market is getting lively.

APPLES will be cheap here this fall.

FARMERS are preparing their ground.

SPLENDID shower Saturday morning.

VEGETABLES are not plenty in market.

EMIGRATION to and fro on the increase.

CORN will bring a good price next winter.

SEVERAL cases of malarial fever are reported.

GRASS ten and twelve feet high is common here.

The County Commissioners meet Monday, Oct. 2nd.

ED HORN was brought up from the Pawnee Agency, sick.

ESQUIRE LETTS, of Salt City, will visit the Centennial soon. Cowley is largely represented in the East this year.

There is some talk of organizing a Chapter of the Masonic Lodge at this place. Newman's hall will make a good room.

FEARFUL. A child of Mr. King's, living up the Arkansas, fell out of bed last Sunday and broke its neck. The parents are greatly distressed.

The bell tolled twenty-one times last Monday night, in remembrance of Miss McComb, who was twenty-one years of age at the time of her death.

SEVEN teams left Coshocton county, Ohio, last week, on their way to this place. Two more teams leave Guernsey county, Ohio, also for Arkansas City.


STEAMBOAT meetings will be held in the different school districts this month for the purpose of organizing a company whereby the farmers can ship their own products.


DIED. On Monday evening, Sept. 11th, 1876, at the residence of Rev. S. B. Fleming in this City, Miss Mary R. McComb, daughter of Rev. D. S. McComb, of Fern Valley, Iowa, aged 22 years. Cause: pulmonary consumption. She came to this climate to restore her health from Pennsylvania in the company of Rev. Fleming in the early part of last June, but to no avail.



GRASSHOPPERS. At the present writing the air is filled and the ground dotted with the plague: grasshoppers, and much anxiety is expressed concerning them. They are not more than half as numerous as they were two years ago, and from the fact they do not seem to be depositing their eggs, it is generally believed they will do no damage. They are too late to take the crop this year.


ANOTHER BOAT. The Baird Brothers are building a skiff boat to convey two passengers down the Arkansas. The parties hire the boat built, and expect to make a voyage to the Mississippi.


SCHOOL DISTRICT CLERKS are reminded that the new law requires them to make out their annual report on or before the 28th of August on each year. They will make out their reports and forward them immediately to T. A. Wilkinson, County Superintendent, of whom school laws should be obtained.


NEW STORE. Mr. M. S. Faris, of St. Joseph, Mo., is here refitting Channell & Co.'s vacated room ready for his dry goods. He will open within the next two or three weeks, due notice of which will be given.


We notice the name of R. C. Manser from Dexter, as a visitor at the Centennial. Good for Dexter, she tenerally turns out a wide-awake man when the time comes.


The Sociable of the 1st Presbyterian Church that was to have been held at the house of O. P. Houghton this week, has been postponed on account of sickness in the family.


The funeral of Miss Mary R. McComb, takes place this morning at 10 o'clock.


"SO FAR, SO GOOD" notified C. M. Scott that Miss Georgie Christian, engaged as assistant teacher in the Arkansas City schools, is perhaps the only native born Kansas teacher in the State. "The practice heretofore, in all parts of the State, has been to send East and import a teacher, with little or no experience, while we have native talent at home in persons that are fully capable and need the situation."




Full-blood Osages come 30 miles for quinine.

Agent Beede's health is improving up north.

Governor Joe recently visited the Sac Agency.

The State Normal School at Emporia will commence next Monday with about one hundred students in attendance.

The Commissioner of Indian Affairs has given permission to Sheridan to raise 100 Pawnee scouts for the Sioux war.




PARTIES wanting graining or marbelling will do well to call on Geo. Allen, who has an engagement with Mr. Wm. Parker, a painter of some experience, and who never fails to give satisfaction. The work on Channell & Haywood's new room was done by him.


160 ACRES of land in Beaver Township, 40 acres broke, and hedgerow. H. HOLTBY.


WHO wants to trade wood for a stove. C. R. SIPES.


YOU can purchase at the Arkansas City Bank a farm of 160 acres of first-class land, thirty acres in wheat, some fencing, most excellent spring water, in good neighborhood, for $800 down, the balance in yearly payment of $100 at 12 percent interest.



NOTICE. All those knowing themselves indebted to the firm of Parker and Tesh, will call and settle immediately. Owing to the death of Mr. Tesh, the business must be settled at once.



The man who took my plow from the field will save himself from exposure by returning it. WM. GIBBY.


COME, FRIENDS, pay up; we are crowded to meet our payments, and must have our pay. HENRY FRANKLIN.




We learn the painful news that Mrs. James McClure, who lost three children by drowning last week, is temporarily insane.

Winfield Courier.




A Reply to Mr. Lippmann.

FRIEND SCOTT: Mr. Lippmann evidently takes it to heart because it was claimed Silverdale bolted at the late Senatorial convention. I wish to give him the honor of being a delegate, but deny that he was there in time to vote--and I care nothing for his twaddle, was not that he misrepresented the language I used. At the time of voting Silverdale was not represented, and I told the convention she was not, nor did she wish to be. He makes me say that she would have nothing to do with the convenntion, while in reality I said she wanted nothing to do with it; and at the vote next November you will see my statement verified. Now, friend Lippmann, if you propose booming for this fellow, E. C. Manning, do it fairly and in the interests of your ring master, and you may possibly get to run for Sheriff.


P. S. Since writing the above, I am informed that you wrote your own credentials in Mr. Bliss' store at Winfield. If so, you should be ashamed. H. L. C. G.




We clip the following notice of Mr. J. J. Estus' mine from the Silver World, published at Lake City, Hinsdale county, Colorado.

"The Kansas Jim" is owned by J. J. Estus. It is worked down some 15 feet, and gives every encouragement to the owner that he has a fortune near at hand. Mr. Estus is also half owner of the Susan Hubbard, having sold one-half to a citizen of Kansas. This lode is very wide, and shows remarkably well on top. It would not surprise me if millions should be realized from it. A lode of this showing, if located near Virginia City, would sell for a large sum of money."

Many of our people will remember Mr. Estus, who used to reside at Maple City, and later on Grouse creek. He seems to have "struck it rich" in the mining districts.




Pat-teck quaw, a Sac chief, recently died of pneumonia.

Indian Agent Burgess and his family have gone north.

Instructions to the Sioux Commission are nearly complete.

B. F. Overton is newly elected Governor of Chickasaw Nation.

The Government favors the removal of the Sioux to this territory.

Full blood Sacs and Foxes talk of building a church on their reservation.

Alex Rankin garnered 1,550 bushels of wheat this year in Kansas.

The Choctaws will put into market nearly 3,000 bales of cotton this year.

The sale of arms and ammunition to Indians at nearly all the Agencies is prohibited.

Chief Keokuk, of the Sacs and Foxes, lives in a brick house and has 200 or more cattle on his farm.

The Ute Indians, after having been feasted and armed to fight the Sioux, skedaddled when on Cheyenne River.

250 tons of hay have been made on the Pawnee Reservation this year by the "blood thirsty and thieving Pawnees."

In meetings for the religious worship at the Sac and Fox Agencies, I. T., Dr. Cook reads aloud one of his ancient dreams of heaven.

The stubborn Mexican Kickapoos, who have persistently objected to the building of a school house, are now successful grain growers.

The Caddo Star thinks the financial condition of the Choctaw Nation is as rotten as New York was during the palmiest days of Tweed.




Cheyenne, Wyoming, Sept. 10. On the 8th instant Harry Benson, at Kane's ranch, on Pumpkin creek, near Sidney, was fired on by three Indians, at short range, one of the balls passing through his chest. He ran to the ranch, a short distance off, and got his gun and returned the fire. The Indians, taking refuge in a washout, drove him back into the ranch, where he sat eighteen hours with his gun across his knees and cartridges in easy reach, determined to sell his life dearly if again attacked. Parties have gone with a conveyance from Sidney to bring him in, and it is hoped that his wound will not prove fatal.

Five hundred recruits arrived here yesterday.




Gen. Sherman and Secretary Cameron started from Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Saturday, on a tour of inspection to the West.




One of the most earnest efforts was made at the Republican Convention, held at Winfield last Saturday, that ever has been made in this county, to correct a blunder made at the premature Convention. It was in the shape of a resolution, being a minority report of the Committee on Order of Business, denouncing the nominee for State Senator, and asking the Convention to repudiate the nomination.

In support of the motion to adopt it, the charges made by the TRAVELER last week were read, and the proof offered. After an exciting debate of some length, the motion to adopt it was lost by two votes.

Twenty-eight representative men from different parts of the county favoring the resolution, thereby proving that nearly one-half of the people of Cowley county were opposed to the nominee. It really is too bad in these days of hard times and grasshoppers, to have another affliction added to our lot by the disgrace of sending a man of such notorious record to represent us as a Senator, when it is our first representation from Cowley as a Senatorial District. But regardless of the sanguine feelings of the friends of Mr. Manning, and their boasts that they will carry the county, we have the satisfaction of a belief that he will never see the Kansas Senate as a Senator from this county.

We should have preferred to had placed on the ticket a man whom the whole people would have endorsed, and who have been a credit to the county and a representative of the real sentiments of the true Republicans of Cowley county, but as that was not done, the sense of duty, right, and justice will teach the voters the correct course, and all will end for the best.

The charges against Col. Manning, as we said before, are too well established to be explained away; and it is our belief his labored attempt so to do before the Convention only resulted in causing doubts in the minds of those who would not hear to them before.

Before the close of the Convention, the following nominations were made.

COUNTY ATTORNEY: James McDermott, 32 votes.

John Allen, 30.

PROBATE JUDGE: H. D. Gans, 35 votes.

S. M. Jarvis, 26.

SUPT. PUBLIC INSTRUCTION: R. C. Story, 35 votes.

W. C. Robinson, 26.

CLERK OF DISTRICT COURT: E. S. Bedillion was nominated by


A motion being made that a County Central Committee be elected, giving to each township in the county one member, the following were elected.























The nomination of officers and members of the Central Committee took but a short time, but the charges and attempted vindication continued until after dark.

The Secretary's report will be published when received.




The terms of the proposed new Indian treaty were read to the savages at the Red Cloud Agency by the United States commissioners on Thursday last. Addresses were made by Bishop Whipple and Col. A. G. Boone, and after rations for a feast were issued the council closed.




St. Louis, Sept. 8. The Board of Indian Commissioners completed their labors here today, and most of them left for home tonight. They will go to New York, where the proposals for clothing, etc., will be received and contracts awarded.

Contracts were awarded here to the following parties.

Beef on the hoof: Thomas Lanigan, Arkansas; Mr. Rosenthal, Santa Fe; Messrs. Park, Armour & Co., Chicago; Castner & Spencer, St. Paul; James E. Page, Sioux City.

Bacon: W. E. Richardson & Co., St. Louis; Armour & Co., Chicago.

Corn: F. H. Davis, Omaha.

Flour: C. E. Hodges, Sioux City; Castner & Penner, St. Paul; N. P. Clark, St. Cloud; N. W. Welles, Schuyler, Neb.;

J. G. McGannon, Seneca; Messrs. Newman, Haywood & McLaughlin, Arkansas City; W. S. Spleidgelberry, Santa Fe; and Newman, St. Louis.

Hardbread: James Gameau & Co., St. Louis.

Soap: Goodwin, Beher & Co., St. Louis.

Transportation: Northern Pacific Railroad; D. I. McCann, Omaha; John A. Charles, Sioux City; M. Brunswic, Chicago; A. Staab, Pueblo; Col. Enagle, Cheyenne; Ed. Fenlon, Leavenworth;

D. H. Nichols, Cheyenne; O. Hecht, Cheyenne.




Steamboat Meetings!

Meetings will be held at the school houses in the several school districts, to discuss the question of steamboat navigation on the Arkansas river, as follows:

At Salt City School House,

Parker's School House,

South Bend School House,

Bland's School House,

Coburn's School House,

Wednesday, Sept. 20, at 7 p.m.

At Theaker's School House,

Hunt's School House,

Holland's School House,

Spring Side School House,

Thomasville School House,

Maple City School House,

And the store at Silverdale,

Thursday, Sept. 21, at 7 p.m.

Speakers will be in attendance, and all are requested to be present and express their views.




A centenarian carriage used by Geo. Washington, is now on exhibition at Philadelphia.

The hand of the bronze statue of Liberty, which is to be erected on Bedlo's Island, in New York harbor, lies on the bank of the Centennial Lake at Philadelphia, and from four to five working hands get into it every day, to lunch, and to avoid the smoke from the fire engines. A man of medium size could crawl into the forefinger without difficulty.

The dog show has closed. It was successful.




Prairie fires are of daily occurrence.

Hops grow wild in the Territory.

An Osage has 127 cattle in Oklahoma.

Wolves kill the young cattle of the Osages.

Peter Perrier has 160 hogs on this reservation.

The watermelon crop is a failure.

Negroes have murdered a policeman in Dallas, Texas.

Some half-breed Osages are successful bee hunters.

Shawnees keep up smudges in which their ponies stand all day to keep away from flies.

Two Arrapahoe Indians have gone to Fort Smith, charged with murder at Cheyenne Agency.

Thousands of buffalo range between the North and Salt forks of the Canadian River, west of Wkeleton Ranch.

Cheyennes and Arrapahoes are hardening their ponies' necks for the collar, so they can do their own freighting.

George Waite, a white man and an accomplice of George Keeler, furnishes liquor at horse races on the Cherokee line.

"Pa she Tow-wah," "Hay Town," is the name given Independence by the two Osage Indians. There is some significance in it, and it has reference to the material first used in the founding of this smart town, and also keeps alive the Indian traditions which will one day be eagerly sought after.

Coker, the murderer of Johney cake, a respected Delaware Indian, was shot and severely, if not mortally wounded while in a saloon in Coffeyville, Kansas, on the evening of the 3rd inst. The town on this occasion was full of Delawares, some of whom have long sought this white outlaw, and, though the shot was fired by a party in the rear of the building, and in the night time too, it is supposed to have been the work of an Indian who had sought this opportunity to avenge the death of his friend.

Hon. Wm. Penn Adair, a Cherokee who has ably defended the interests of the Indian people before Congress, is now at his home in Vinita, Cherokee Nation.




Real Estate Agents and Notaries Public.

Will buy and sell Real Estate on Commission.


Improved and unimproved; also, business and dwelling houses for sale and for rent. We will loan and invest money and pay taxes for foreign parties, furnish abstracts or titles, make con-

veyances, and do a general Land Office business.


Office upstairs, opposite the City Hotel, Arkansas City, Kansas.




COOL weather begins.

QUAIL are very plenty.

SCHOOL began last Monday.

The council met last Monday.

The roads are no longer dusty.

REV. FLEMING is down with fever.

REMEMBER the steamboat meetings.

THERE is not a pound of ice in town.

NOTHING doing in the Justices' courts.

FROST will appear before many weeks.

No marriage licenses issued for some time.

HICKORY nuts and walnuts are plenty on the creeks.

GEO. O. SWEET is at 25 Washington St., Alleghany, Pa.

MR. HOYT's report of his steamboat trip was made in full, at the meeting, last Monday.

COL. McMULLEN offers some cheap lands for sale in Cowley and Sumner counties.

SOLD OUT. JAMES ALLEN sold out his interest in the City Meat Market to Mr. Cowgill, last week.

There are a dozen families in this town that are anxious to secure good dwelling houses.

It is claimed that the Wichita National Bank will be able to resume business in a few days.

MRS. FITCH will have some new fall and winter millinery goods this week. Call and see them.

SMALL pieces of coal have been bound in a well twenty-seven feet below the surface at Caldwell.

MARRIED. At South Bend, Saturday, Sept. 10th, by Esquire

J. P. Eckles, Miss Emma J. Straub and W. J. Keffer.

MR. WM. PARKER is doing some very fine work at O. P. Houghton's new residence. He is a splendid workman.

MOST of the town people have put up their winter hay. Hay is plenty at three dollars per ton delivered, or $1.75 on the field.

JOSEPH HOYT has returned for a short visit to Cowley county. Joe has plenty of friends and a wide reputation on the border.

We received a note yesterday from Jack McLay. He is perched up in the mountains, at Magnola, Colorado, among the clouds and grasshoppers.

DOWN THE RIVER. Chas. McIntire and Will. Leonard are having a boat built to make a voyage down the Arkansas. They are to engage in the rubber stamp business on the way.

PRAIRIE FIRES. The grass is now sufficiently dry in some places to burn, and all prudent persons will see that their buildings and hay stacks are guarded. Don't delay.

JIM LEONARD, after perambulating around in Illinois and Philadelphia, has at last "come home to work for dad." He thinks he is about as good a man to work for as he knows of.


The following is the list of jurymen drawn for the next term of court.

William Morrow, Sheridan Township.

G. S. Story, Maple Township.

J. C. Roberts, Winfield Township.

Rudolph Hite, Dexter Township.

John R. Thompson, Richland Township.

T. B. Myers, Winfield Township.

Hiram Blenden, Spring Creek Township.

J. E. Campbell, Windsor Township.

D. Francisco, Silverdale Township.

A. S. Capps. Nenescah Township.

S. H. Tolles, Pleasant Valley Township.

James Alley, Otter Township.


S. S. MAJORS opened the Central Hotel, at Winfield, last Thursday, and is now having as good patronage as any house in the valley. Most of the people from this place, visiting Winfield last Saturday, stopped with "Sid.," and all expressed themselves well satisfied. Mr. Majors is one of the best landlords in the Southwest, and a favorite with commercial men.


The following persons were appointed last Saturday as delegates and alternates to the Democrativ Convention, to be held at Winfield on Saturday, the 23rd.

Delegates: J. Benedict, A. Walton, T. McIntire, P. F. Endicott, A. J. Burrell, M. E. Welch.

Alternates: W. M. Berkey, Wm. Green, Jno. Harmon, S. Johnson, W. Dolby, Wm. Gray.



PAPER AT CEDAR VALE. The parties at Cedar Vale did not make satisfactory arrangements with Charles McIntire to start a paper at that place. Mr. Blevins, of Oxford, had some idea of giving them one, but we learn the contract has been made with Wm. Allison, of Winfield, who promises the first edition soon.


NEARLY every horse thief that passes through this county stops at Mr. Libby's house, near Maple City, to get something to eat, as that is the last house on the line. It would be well enough to send direct to him for information when a horse is stolen. If they go west, they generally stop at Hopkins' Ranch.


LICENSE GRANTED. The city council met last Monday evening, and on the petition of eighty-six citizens, granted a license to L. C. Currier to sell wine, ale, and beer. The matter has been several times before the council, but was never definitely settled.


The Presbyterian Society will hold a package social at the residence of Mr. C. R. Sipes, on Wednesday evening, for the benefit of Rev. Fleming and family. All are invited. By order of society. MRS. NEWTON, Secretary.


In burning down a wasp's nest at John Harmon's last Saturday, the shingles caught fire, and for a while the house was in a fair way to burn, but through the energies of Mrs. Harmon and the girl, it was subdued. John was away from home.



CENTRAL HOTEL, (Formerly the Lagonda House)


SID. S. MAJORS, Prop'r.

This house has been thoroughly renovated and remodeled, and is furnished throughout with new furniture. Special accommodations for commercial men. Stages arrive and depart daily.




MULE TEAM FOR SALE. I have a good mule team, with wagon and harness, I will sell for $325. W. H. WALKER, Salt City.

Inquire at this office.


All parties indebted to J. T. Shepard will please call and settle the same with money or note.





The following teachers were in attendance at the examination held at Winfield, Friday and Saturday, September 15 and 16, 1876.

WINFIELD. Louis P. King, Lusetta Pyburn, Mr. J. Huff, M. E. Lynn, Mary E. Bryant, E. M. Snow, Sallie E. Rea, C. A. Winslow, Amy Robertson, Mall Roberts, Mrs. Bell Siebert, H. W. Holloway, Mollie A. Davis, O. S. Record, Rachel E. Newman, Ioa Roberts,

F. T. Ross, Geo. W. Robinson, J. K. Beckner, Emma Saint, Sarah E. Davis, Maggie Stansbury, M. D. Snow, Byron A. Snow, Helen Wright, Mina O. Johnson, Kate Gilliland.

ARKANSAS CITY. Lizzie Landis, Laura E. Turner, T. Kate Kawkins, Adelia DeMott, Fannie Skinner, Frank A. Chapin, Xina Cowles,

H. M. Bacon, Stella Burnett, Anna O. Wright, J. M. Hawthorne,

Georgia Christian, Jefferson Bowen, Mrs. A. R. Hauser.

LAZETTE. K. L. Ward, Kate Fitzgerald, M. S. Smith, George Lee, Lucy A. Randall.

DEXTER. Miss McDowell, W. E. Mereydith, C. W. Dover, J. C. Armstrong, Mary I. Byard.

TISDALE. Gertie Davis, Ella Wickersham, Emery I. Johnson,

Anna Mark.

ROCK. T. P. Stevenson, Chas. H. Eagin, Polly Martindale,

J. T. Tarbet.


Oscar J. Holroy, Lizzie Conklin, Cedarvale.

Mary E. Buck, Anna Buck, Canola, Elk County.

Veva Walton, Oxford, Sumner County.

T. B. Kidney, Mrs. Sarah Hollingsworth, Polo.

Porter Wilson, Red Bud.

Wm. E. Ketcham, Maple City.

R. B. Carson, Little Dutch.

I. H. Edwards, Floral.




PLEASANT VALLEY, Sept. 18, 1876.

The grasshoppers came, and are now gone--no one knowing from whence they came or wither they went. It is to be hoped they did not deposit eggs enough to do any damage, even if they hatch out this fall.

Mr. Wilson Shaw has just completed a barn and granary, which are a credit to the valley. Although the grasshoppers have been here recently, Mr. Shaw demonstrates that he is going to stay with them if they will stay with him.

Mr. Henry Cristie, who hailed from Davis county, Iowa, only two weeks ago, was bound in bonds of double blessedness with Miss Mary E. Retherford, of Pleasant Valley, last Saturday. The ceremony was performed at Winfield by Judge Gans.

C. C. H.




Millet is worth twelve dollars per ton.

Immigrant wagons rolling into Kansas.

Attendance at Centennial steadily increasing.

Centennial building and contents are worth $104,820,350.

The biggest strike at the Centennial is the Kansas


An $80,000 fire across the street from the Centennial Main Building.

Barnum has secured the Kansas Centennial exhibit for display in Europe.

Kansas corn crop estimated at 100,000,000 bushels, worth

$30,000,000 to $40,000,000.

To get rid of a cold, put nitroglycerine up your nose and hit it with a sledge hammer. The cold will go away.

Kansas Supreme Court affirms decision against railroads, giving full value for stock killed, with attorney's fees for collecting the same.




Gen. Terry came upon an Indian village a few days ago, when a fight ensued, in which two or three soldiers and several Indians were killed. The village was destroyed and a large amount of stores that the Indians had accumulated for the winter, captured, also a large number of ponies. Among the goods captured were a large number of arms and equipments taken from Custer's command.

Terry's and Crook's commands are on their return from the Indian country to their base of supplies for the winter.




Charge Number One.

Mr. Manning denies the charges made in the Traveler, of Sept. 13th, by saying "they are not true" and endeavors to gain sympathy by his usual whining plea that we had sent the papers abroad to hundreds of readers he can never meet. All those in Convention will remember we told him it was unreasonable for him to ask us to publish his statements when he has a paper of his own, that we agreed, and since have, furnished him with a list of our subscribers so he could send his own paper with his denial. It is much easier to deny a charge of any kind than to prove it, but we expect to prove every assertion made by ourselves, as soon as the evidence can be obtained.

In proof of the first charge, we have the following to offer, which, if not sufficient, will be verified by other "early settlers," proving Mr. Manning of bolting the regular Republican nomination.


WINFIELD, KANSAS, Sept. 9, 1876.

C. M. Scott, Esq.:

DEAR SIR: In reply to your question as to Manning bolting the Republican ticket in 1870, I have this to say. The party was organized by the appointment of a Republican Central Convention of one from each voting precinct in the County. This was done in Convention at Dexter. At the same time a delegate was elected to represent this County in the State Convention and he was admitted. Col. Manning, although there and claiming to represent the county, was rejected. That Central Committee called a Republican County Convention to be held at Winfield, I don't remember the date. At the appointed time the Convention met in the building, then unfinished, in which Green's Drug Store is situated, and organized by the election of John Irwin as Chairman and myself as Secretary.

All the precincts were represented but Winfield, and we nominated a straight Republican ticket. Afterwards a People's Convention was called at Winfield and E. C. Manning nominated for Representative; Judge T. B. Ross, of Winfield, for Probate Judge; A. A. Jackson, of Winfield, for County Clerk; John M. Pattison, of Rock, for Sheriff; William Cook, of Winfield, for Register of Deeds. The other members on the ticket escape my memory. My recollection is the ticket was composed of three Republicans and three Democrats. This ticket was the only ticket nominated that fall against the Republicans.

Manning was defeated at the polls, but the easy conscience of the County Board resulted in the throwing out of the votes returned from six precincts, resulting in Mr. Manning being declared elected.

I commenced a contest against him, and the notice was served on T. K. Johnson at Manning's residence, he (Manning) having absented himself to avoid such service.

When the Legislature met, the contestor, H. B. Norton (who was the choice of a majority of the voters of the county as aforesaid at that election), was very sick, and confined to his bed until towards the close of the session: hence the contest was abandoned.






The creditors of the First National Bank [Wichita] are satisfied that the assets of the bank, if honestly administered in the interests of the stockholders, will pay dollar for dollar. If they should pan out much under 100 percent, they will feel satisifed there has been a leak. Mr. Fraker, we understand, has conveyed his entire property to the bank to held meets its

liabilities. Beacon.




The sudden fall of water in Yellowstone River stops navigation and now supplies for troops at the new post must be hauled in wagons from Fort Buford, thus showing that even nature now aids the Sioux.




The following is a list of cases that will stand for trial at the October term, A. D., 1876, of the District Court, and have been placed on the trial docket in the following order.


State vs. A. H. Horneinan [?] Horneman.

State vs. W. J. Keffer et al.

State vs. J. S. Meloin.

State vs. Will M. Allison.

State vs. Emily J. Wilson.


N. K. Jeffries vs. M. S. Read.

George Warner vs. James Jordan.

Robert Hudson vs. W. S. Voris.

Oliver Sparkman vs. Wm. Thurman.

Francis Black vs. Ed Patton et al.

W. S. Paul vs. M. A. Andrews et al.

Francis Black vs. A. A. Jackson, ad'r.

H. T. Ford vs. N. Roberson.

R. B. Waite vs. John Morris et al.

W. R. Constant vs. H. H. Constant.

Stillwell & Bierce Mfg. Co. vs. J. C. Blandin et al.

Brettun Crapster vs. S. D. Williams.

E. E. Kirkly vs. Wm. Hallett.

Arthur Graham vs. John Swain et al.

H. F. Bartine vs. C. A. Kers et al.

John Rief vs. Gertrude Rief.

W. H. H. Maris vs. W. D. Purdy et al.

L. C. Norton vs. G. O. Sweet et al.

Barclay Hackett vs. R. R. Turner.

David Thomas vs. Martin Stewart.

M. S. Read vs. E. G. Willett et al.

Cowley Co. Bank vs. T. M. Carder et al.

F. R. Hudson vs. Robert Hudson.

Frazee Bros. vs. C. H. Kingsbury.

A. Covert et al vs. R. B. Waite et al.

David Rodocker vs. James Jordan et al.

F. Weathermire vs. Joseph Likowsky.

G. S. Manser vs. E. G. Willett.

Wm. Shivaly vs. H. M. Rogers.

H. T. Ford vs. James Ford.

Sophia Laubner vs. Peter Theis.

Emma J. Hawkins vs. Wm. Hawkins.

C. C. Black Adr. vs. D. D. Whisuant.

W. A. Sharp vs. R. L. Walker.

George Carman vs. W. H. Nelson.

M. E. Quimby vs. J. B. Gorham.

A. W. Graham vs. H. O. Meigs et al.

S. A. Groswold vs. L. F. Griswold.

A. A. Newman vs. Jno. P. Woodyard.

G. W. Ballou vs. R. B. Waite.

B. D. French vs. R. L. Walker.

R. B. Waite vs. G. W. Ballou.

M. T. Jackson vs. Jas. H. Jackson.

Dietz & Rov_nd vs. E. W. Coulson.

B. D. French vs. R. L. Walker.

R. G. Thompson vs. S. J. Thompson.

R. B. Waite vs. F. R. Hudson.

Frank Gallotti vs. Amelia Gallotti.

City of Winfield vs. Wm. Hersman.

J. S. Hilderbrand et al vs. John B. Holmes.

Nelson Gunsaullis vs. Mary Gunsaullis.

W. B. Skinner vs. W. G. Kay et al.

J. L. Farwell vs. Robert Hersbrough.

R. E. Gault vs. F. P. Smith.

R. E. Gault vs. T. P. Smith.

Samuel Hoyt vs. W. H. Brown et al.

Annie E. Brown vs. J. D. Brown.

G. P. Harris vs. F. W. Ward et al.

M. A. Baker vs. P. D. Baker.

D. H. Cross vs. N. J. Cross.

E. J. Kenton vs. Harvey Kenton.

Robert Hudson vs. F. R. Hudson.

J. C. Hix vs. Nancy J. Stewart.

J. C. Hix vs. Jas. Stewart et al.

E. S. Torrance vs. S. W. Green et al.

Samuel Hoyt vs. Frank Gallotti.

Samuel Hoyt vs. Geo. Jones et al.

Charles Fiske et al vs. J. J. Johnson.

William R. Warner vs. M. G. Troup Adr et al.





B. F. Baldwin, S. S. Moore, R. C. Story, A. H. Siverd and Daniel Maher were appointed members of the Republican Central Committee, for the 88th Representative district.

The members of Adelphi Lodge No. 110, A. F. & A. M., are hereby notified that P. G. M. Harmon G. Reynolds will address the fraternity at our hall in Winfield, Thursday evening, Oct. 15, 1876, at 7 o'clock p.m. All Masons in good standing are invited to attend, and bring with them their wives, mothers, sisters, and daughters. After the address a Chapter of the Eastern Star will be organized by Bro. Reynolds, if desired.

By order of the Lodge.

J. S. HUNT, W. M.

L. J. WEBB, Sec'y.

The District Conference, Wichita district, of the South Kansas Conference, M. E. church, will convene at Augusta, on Wednesday, the 27th day of September, 1876, and will be in session until after the next Sabbath. All ministers, also other members of the church so desiring, are most respectfully invited to attend.

J. HARRIS, Pastor Augusta Charge.





Reply to Mr. H. L. C. Gilstrap.

Mutual Friend Scott:

Mr. Gilstrap in his answer to a communication from me to the TRAVELER, makes some assertions and some insinuations that I feel inclined to reply to. I do not care for his twaddle if he would not misrepresent me. He makes a very nice distinction about what he said at the convention and what I make him say. The difference is certainly astounding to the many readers of the TRAVELER, that he said "she" [Silverdale, I cannot account for the gender,] "was not represented nor did she wish to be, and she wanted nothing to do with it," and audaciously make him say, "she would not have anything to do with it."

If anyone can find any material difference in the two assertions, they are in possession of a happy faculty for judging small matters. It seems to me, even in my blind adherence, that if Silverdale did not want to have antying to do with that convention, no power could make her, and as H. L. C. Gilstrap is not Silverdale Township, and the only one that I know of who asserted she wanted no hand in the matter, I presume to say he could not speak for a number of other citizens of this township who did; consequently, I am forced to think that Friend Gilstrap attached too much importance to the reputation and influence of one H. L. C. Gilstrap. So much for this part of the communication.

Now, Friend Gilstrap, a word to you in regard to the imputation you strive to cast, about my booming around for this felon, E. C. Manning. You say "do it fairly." I defy you or any other narrow, prejudiced, and harping person to show otherwise, and I would advise you before impugning my motives, to scrutinize yours and see if you are not looking into a mirror that casts back your own shadow.

As for the ring-master thrust, I am sorry your influence is of so little importance that you cannot supplant him, but it can be helped.

Do you remember my answer when L. J. Webb was a candidate and you strove to have me vote according to the dictates of your prejudice, by telling me at the polls that if I voted for him, you never would support me for sheriff? Do you remember that? Well, I am just as independent now as I was then, and if at the proper time I make up my mind to run for sheriff, I will have to be fully satisfied that my course and actions are condemned by better friends and truer republicans than you are, before I will be driven off the track.


P. S. Since writing the above, I have been informed that I was secretary of the meeting that elected me as a delegate and failed to write my credentials until I reached Winfield, and wrote them in C. A. Bliss' store and that C. A. Bliss was a witness to the shameful sight. And now that I am pushed so close, I feel an open confession would be a relief, so I will acknowledge that at the primary held in our township on the 9th of this month for the purpose of electing delegates to the county convention and to the representative convention, the occasion upon which you promised to see that "that fellow Lippmann would not have the opportunity to misrepresent Silverdale Township again, "having assured those gentlemen who did not wish to see me a delegeate, that you would be there and all would be right. The result I hope you have not forgotten, but as secretary to that meeting, I was compelled to write out credentials in favor of my master's servant and did not do it until the day of the convention, in Ed. Bedillion's office; and still I rear my head in effrontery and do not feel ashamed of my act, but I am inclined to think that there is ample ground that somebody should feel ashamed.

In conclusion, friend Gilstrap, let me say this to you in that spirit of kindness that ever characterizes my actions, don't cast too many insinuations, don't slur those that cannot in their ignorance see wisely like you, and of all things don't make so many statements that will have to be verified at a future time; and in all probability, there will be no cause for you and I to see who can say the meanest things.






A little son of Silas Kennedy, of Winfield, had his leg broken last Wednesday. He was with his father, who was hauling a load of wheat to this market, and while walking or playing alongside of the wagon, slipped and fell. The wagon passed over his right ankle, badly crushing the bones. His mother is nursing him at the Valley House. Beacon.




MAKE your fire guards.

UCH-TUN-BA-KA, and old Osage friend, called on us last week.

STOVES. Benedit and Sipes are getting in their heating stoves.

MRS. CRAMER has opened a boarding house in A. A. Davis' building.

FIFTY-FIVE children attend the primary school, and thirty-five the graded.

MR. WM. COOMBS has returned from the East and the Centennial, improved in health by the trip.

CAPT. McDERMOTT made one of the best speeches ever delivered in this county at Tisdale last week.

It must be gratifying for a man to read his own puffs in his own paper, as the editor of the Courier does.

JAMES I. MITCHELL shipped one car load of wheat to Kansas City and received 76 cents per bushel for it.

MRS. BROWN, mother of Wm. Burkey, aged 70 years, started to Iowa, alone, last Monday to see her son.

They have a band in Winfield tht dub themselves "Sitting Bull's Band." They are warring against the white's.

The steam thresher has been at Dr. Leonard's and Dr. Hughes. Some of Dr. Leonard's wheat yielded over thirty bushels per acre.

DIED. At the Central Avenue Hotel, after long and patient suffering, the infant son of A. O. and H. L. Hoyt, aged eight months and nineteen days.

LOST $800. Mr. Pittman, living near Elisha Parker's, lost $800 by the failure of the Wichita Bank. It is said, however, the bank will pay all it owes.

COTTON. Those who have never seen cotton growing can gratify their curiosity at Mr. Johnson's, near Newman's mill. He has a small patch in bloom.

The delegates that nominated C. R. Mitchell for Representative were very exuberant on their return. Guns were fired and a general hurrah indulged in.

FARM SOLD. O. P. HOUGHTON sold H. & Mc.'s half-section farm in Bolton Township last week for $2,500. It has 250 acres broken, and ready for wheat.

LOST MONEY. One man from Grouse Creek lost $20, and another $40 at the show, last Tuesday, betting on another man's trick. "Never too old to learn."

The members of the Hayes and Wheeler Club are requested to meet at Benedict's Hall tomorrow evening at 7 o'clock p.m., for the purpose of transacting business.



MR. GREEN says Manning will get eight votes in Pleasant Valley Township, by actual count, and one of those will be the man to whom Manning promised the Probate Judgeship.


MASHED UP. S. P. CHANNELL and H. P. FARRAR had a mash up in their buggy, as they left town Thursday evening, to attend the steamboat meeting at Theaker's.

The particulars of Channell and Farrar's accident was something like the following: They started out about dark, and going down the slope near Dr. Leonard's, the king bolt of the buggy broke, letting the fore wheels from under the front, and throwing the occupants on their heads to the ground. Mr. Channell had one rib broken, and Mr. Farrar was bruised. Silas Ward was riding horseback a short distance ahead, and when the horses were running, could not get out of the way quick enough, and was struck in the back with the buggy pole, and landed on his head. His horse then jumped in a post hole; and it, too, elevated its heels in the air. For a second, three men and one horse were wrong end up and in a bad condition, but finally all settled down with no serious injury, except Mr. Channell, who probably laughed more at the fun than all the rest.


ELOPEMENT. A couple came down from Douglass last Sunday for the purpose of being made one. They stopped long enough to get supper in town, and then put in half the night hunting for an able bodied minister. At twelve o'clock at night Rev. James Hopkins was found, and in presence of several witnesses, married the youthful couple in the Indian Territory, near Poke Steven's house. The groom's name is Jeremiah Buttingham, and the bride, Rachel Quinby, both of Douglass. The bride was but fourteen years of age. The cause of such great haste was from fear of the angry mother, accompanied by a gentleman with a shot gun.


RUNAWAY. A mule team took fright near Mr. Fitch's yesterday afternoon, and ran up the street. Three ladies were in the wagon and two leaped out, leaving Mrs. Chafee and her babe alone. With remarkable presence of mind, she laid her child down, took up the lines, and ran the mules into a fence, and stopped them. Mrs. Crow, one of the ladies, had her shoulder thrown out of joint. Mrs. Andrew Brown had the back of her head badly cut, and her child had its leg broken. Several parties ran to assist them, and got their shins peeled.


RUNAWAY. Yesterday morning Orville Smith's mule team took a notion to run away, while they were standing hitched to a spring wagon, with their heads in the door of Walker's stable, and Orville holding the lines. The lines broke and the mules ran through the stable, tearing the end completely out of the barn, and upsetting and breaking the wagon. No damage was done to the animals.


We learn that in almost every deposit of grasshopper eggs, a small worm is found destroying them. Mr. Wyard Gooch and J. C. Topliff report several examinations, resulting almost invariably in finding the presence of the worm. With the chances they will have to undergo in the spring of being killed by the cold rains, we think grasshoppers will be few next spring.


The City Marshal performed a very embarrassing duty last show day. It seems one youth came to the show with his girl. Another fellow cut in and cut him out. Then the youth appealed to the city marshal. "Billy, that fellow has my girl. Won't you get her back for me?" Billy considered the matter, and negligently made the request and comforted the afflicted.


We understand that Mr. O. Smith, near South Haven, has some wheat and fall barley up; but the grasshoppers seem to be eating only the former, leaving the barley very little damaged. It would be advisable if every farmer would sow some barley, as the corn crop is very uncertain should the grasshoppers hatch out in the spring to do us any damage.


CHALRES McINTIRE and WILL LEONARD started from Harmon's ford yesterday, for the voyage down the Arkansas. They have a good boat, covered with oil cloth, with a portable stove in it to do their cooking, and expect to float all the way to New Orleans.


RETURNED. FRANK SPEERS, AL. MOWRY, MR. BARNES, and WILL ALEXANDER returned last night from Little Rock, where they have been looking after the Arkansas City boat. Most all of the number had been sick, and had a rough time of it.




St. Paul, Sept. 21. The Pioneer Press has a special from Madelia announcing the capture of four of the Northfield robbers. The four captured are those of whom the track was lost in the timber around Mankato, two of hom are supposed to be the Younger brothers. The dispatch says the four missing robbers went to a house at 7 o'clock this morning, about seven miles north of here, and bought some bread and butter and started west on foot.

News was sent in as fast as a horse could travel, and forty or fifty men were after them as soon as they could get horses and arms. They drove them about eight miles north of here. They then had them out on the open prairie and opened fire on them. The robbers returned the fire, but kept working toward the river and at last got there, and hid in the bushes.

By this time our men were all together, and surrounded the bush the robbers were in. Firing became general, our men firing all the time. As last the robbers saw there was no use, and gave up. One was killed, and the other three wounded. The one supposed to be Cole Younger is badly wounded in the hand and back. It is thought that one, perhaps two, will died of their wounds.

A special from Sioux City says the robbers who were chased into Dakota were overtaken by a citizens' posse six miles above Yankton today. The robbers when sighted, turned and fired, wounding one of the pursuers' horses, and then took to the woods and were again lost track of. The hunt is being continued and it is thought it will certainly end in running the band down.

LATER. The wounded robbers have confessed to the sheriff having them in charge that they are the Younger brothers, but they refuse to give the name of their dead comrade.


Winona, Minn., Sept. 22. The three wounded robbers now in Madelia jail have confessed that they are the Younger brothers--Cole, James, and Robert--but refuse to divulge the name of the dead man or the names of those killed at Northfield, or tell who are those that got away, saying they are bound by an oath to keep these things secret. Cole Younger has a rifle ball in his head and two in his body; James had half his upper jaw shot away, a bullet in his shoulder, another in his breast, and eight in various parts of his body. Robert, the youngest, was only slightly wounded in the side, but has a bad wound in the right arm, received at Northfield. James was also wounded in the right shoulder at Northfield.

The robbers have been kindly treated since captured, and their wounds dressed. They talked of their mother and sister. They express regrets for their crimes, and play the pious dodge by asking the prayers of Christians. Some parties tried to lynch them when they were first brought to Madelia, but Sheriff Glisper, leader of the party who captured them, threatned to shoot the first man who laid hands on his prisoners.

The first account of their capture is incorrect. They were not shot down at long range, but were skirmished by Sheriff Glisper and Capt. Murphy and the five volunteers of Madelia, in a five acre plain, which was surrounded by a large party at a safe distance.

The robbers opened fire on the skirmishers at twenty feet distance, and fought untill all were killed or disabled. But one or two of the citizens were hit, but not dangerously. Capt. Murphy's life was saved by a briarwood pipe in his pocket. The prisoners will be taken to Faribault, Rice county, for confinement and trial.




Osages are daily asking for the return of their Agent, Beede.




Six hundred wagon loads of wheat were delivered by farmers to Wichita warehouses and elevators one day last week.

The Russian immigrants have already formed three villages in Ellis county. They now number over one third of the population of that county and will soon be the majority.

The Sioux are said to have derived their name from an old due bill for ten dollars given by one of their chiefs by the name of Smith, whose name was abbreviated to S. The due bill then read. S. I. O. U. X.




"Reform within the Republican Party."

In an issue of September 13, 1876, we published an answer to a card of E. C. Manning, challenging his opponents to meet him on the stump and make their charges, among other charges, the following:

9. We repeat the charge of his having demanded $1,000

of Sid. Clark for his vote for him as United States


Now, in answer to this, Col. Manning grows indignant and demands the proof. In order to accommodate the gentlemena, we propose to give him the proof, and before doing so, we desire to call the attention of our readers to the fact that in 1870 Manning was defeated by the people for Representative, as we have fully shown by reference to a communication in last week's issue, over the signature of W. P. Hackney, in reply to a letter of inquiry from us.

We know personally that the statement of Mr. Hackney is true, and we know further that Mr. Hackney at that time was a citizen of this county, taking a prominent part in the politics of that day, and knows fully whereof he speaks--and at that date the name of E. C. Manning was synonymous with political trickery and personal rascality. He was defeated in a fair election by the people, and by fraud and trickery he went to Topeka as the respresentative of Cowley county against the expressed wishes of our people as shown by their ballots.

At that time money was plenty in Cowley county--far more so than at any time since--and at that date money could be had at 12 percent, with good security to an unlimited amount. In fact, Kansas was at that date far more prosperous than at any time before or since. The war was over; emigration was pouring into the State from every quarter of the globe; railroads were being constructed in every direction; peace and prosperity reigned everywhere.

These are facts that all the old settlers will bear us out in, and of the fact that money could be had at 12 percent, all over Kansas, the reader can satisfy himself by going to the District Clerk's office in Winfield and reading the deposition of ex-Gov. Thomas Carney in his testimony in the case of E. C. Manning against Will. M. Allison.

As we say above, Manning, by fraud, went to Topeka to represent the people of Cowley county. Previous to his election he, on the stump and elsewhere, pledged himself to support Sidney Clarke for the United States Senate that winter, and he went to Topeka with that understanding. How did he do it? With what fidelity did he perform his duty? Was he true to the people who had voted for him? And did he give the lie by his acts to the charges made against him in that campaign (that he was a tricky, trading politician, without honor or character) by the people who defeated him? No; but on the contrary, as soon as he reached Topeka, we find him forthwith trying to sell the vote he had for paltry dollars--trying to sell his influence to the highest bidder for cash--and for proof we refer the reader to the testimony of Sidney Clarke and D. M. Adams, on pages 34 and 35 and 144 and 145 of the report of the joint committee of investigation appointed by the Legislature of Kansas in 1872, and which reads as follows (Mr. Clarke's testimony):

Q. What do you know of the transaction of Mr. E. C. Manning, of Cowley county.

A. I know him. He was a member of the House of Representatives, and had rooms in the Tefft House during the Senatorial election. As I understood it, previous to my arrival at Topeka, from some of the citizens of Cowley county and others whom I deemed well informed on the subject, Mr. Manning had been elected with the distinct understanding on the part of those voting for him as well as those voting against him, that he would vote for me for U. S. Senator. One evening during the progress of the canvas, Mr. F. W. Potter, of Coffey county, came into my room and said I had better see Manning; that something was the matter with him. I called upon him in a room occupied by himself and Mr. Potter, if I remember rightly, and had a conversation with him in reference to his vote for Senator. Mr. Manning demanded of me peremptorily that I should pay him the sum of $1,000 before he would take any part in the canvas in my favor for Senator. He said: "It is reported that you fellows have got the money here, and I am in financial distress and have spent a great deal of money in politics; was a member of the first State Convention, and was a friend of yours when you were first nominated for Congress, and I think you ought to reciprocate now and give me $1.000." I told Mr. Manning that I could not and would not do it; that I had not got the money, and that if I failed in my election for want of money, I must simply take the consequences. My impression is that I had two conversations with Mr. Manning of a general character.

In our last conversation I said to him: "Mr. Manning, you were elected to the House of Representatives from Cowley upon the distinct pledge, and with the expectation on the part of your constituents that you would vote for me as United States Senator. Every foot of land upon which your constituents tread were saved to them by the fight I have made, running through a period of three years, against the Osage Treaty; and if you vote against me, I will never go back to Washington until I go down to Winfield in Cowley county, where you reside, and call a meeting of your constituents and state to them the demand you have made upon me. If I must loose your vote for want of money, so be it." In one of the previous conversations referred to, feeling very doubtful whether he would vote for me or not, I referred him to Major D. M. Adams, or got him to talk with Major Adams.

By Senator Stever.

Q. Did any other parties, members of the Legislature, except Mr. Phinney, Mr. Manning, and Mr. McCartney, intimate personally or by their friends to you that they wanted money for their vote?

A. I do not recollect any individual cases.

By Senator Stever.

Questions asked of Mr. D. M. Adams.

Q. Do you know E. C. Manning?

A. Yes. I know him.

Q. Did you ever have any conversation with him in regard to whom he was going to vote for last winter, and how much he wanted for his vote?

A. I did.

Senator Stever said: "You may state what the conversation was."

A. Well, gentlemen, that is a matter of history. It enters very largely into the campaign of last fall. Mr. Manning came to my room at the Tefft House. He said he was poor; it cost him a good deal to get elected, and he wanted a thousand dollars before he would vote for Clarke. He said: "You have got the money, I know it, I need it, and I am going to have it, or I will not vote for Clarke." I told him Mr. Clarke was a poor man, unable to pay any such sum; that he (Manning) had been sent here to vote for him, and that I would not pay him a dollar. He spoke harshly of Mr. Clarke for his meanness, and for his aversion for the same quality; left my room, and I have never spoken to him since.

Q. Who was present?

A. Not any one. He had previously been to Mr. Clarke on the same errand, and admitted to me that he had been to Mr. Clarke.

E. C. Manning, proclaiming to the people before the election that he was a friend and supporter of Sidney Clarke for the United States Senate!

Read the above, and then tell us that E. C. Manning shall again represent a free and intelligent people! OH! SAME, WHERE IS THY BLUSH! Is this the man that the convention had in view when it passed the following resolutions and nominated E. C.


WHEREAS, For the first time in the history of Cowley County the Republicans thereof are called upon to nominate a candidate for the office of State Senator, to fill said office for the next four years from said County in the Senate of Kansas; and

WHEREAS, During the term of four years next ensuing for which the said Senator from Cowley County will be elected there will occur the election of two United States Senators by the Legislature of the State of Kansas; and

WHEREAS, The honor of our State, and particularly of the Republican party thereof, has heretofore been sadly tarnished by the open, notorious, and inscrupulous use and receipt of money in all of the election of United States Senators, by the Legislature of the State of Kansas; Therefore, be it

Resolved, By the Republican party of Cowley County that every consideration of public policy and political integrity imperatively demands that our Representatives in each House of the State Legislature at the time of such approaching United States Senatorial Elections should be men against whose character for personal probity and political integrity, not the breath of suspicion has ever blown; and be it further

Resolved, That as the Republican party of Cowley County numbers within its membership hundreds of men whose characters are as spotless, both personally and politically, as the new fallen snow, and whose abilities are fully adequate to the honorable and efficient discharge of the duties of State Senator, we will therefore in the coming contest for that important and honorable position support no candidate therefor whose past and present political, as well as personal, history will not bear the closest scrutiny and most unsparing criticism, when viewed in the light of the foregoing resolutions.

But it is said that Sidney Clarke now endorses Manning. Certainly. It is reported to Clarke that Manning will be elected to the Senate this winter. He will, if elected, vote this winter for some man for United States Senator to fill the office now held by Gov. Harvey, and two years hence to fill the office now held by Senator Ingalls. Clarke is in hopes the lightning may strike him, and commercial politician that he is, he is ready to eat his own words in order to help Manning--that Manning may hereafter help him. Clarke is certain that in this way he can be of service to Manning, and thus place Manning under obligations to him. Each knows the rascalities of the other, and they put their heads together to help each other, on the principle of "You boost me and I will you," and all their followers with one voice shout: "Great is the little Manning!" But, again, we find by reference to the testimony of ex-Gov. Carney before alluded to in this article, that Manning approached him for the loan of money, and when asked by Carney who he (Manning) was for, for United States Senator, he said, "You (meaning Carney) are my choice;" that between Caldwell and Clarke he had no choice. How so, Mr. Manning? You told the people of Cowley county before the election that you were for Sidney Clarke, and you told Clarke so as you stated in your speech on Saturday, Sept. 16, at the county convention; and you swore to the same thing in Washington, as we shall show hereafter.

Again, by reference to the same volume, on pages 251 and 252, your evidence taken before that committee is as follows.


Having been sworn, testified as follows:

Examined by the Chairman.

Q. Where do you live?

A. I live in Winfield, Cowley county, Kansas.

Q. Did you have any conversation with Sidney Clarke last winter in regard to the Senatorial election? If so, state what it was?

A. He told me about a week before the first vote that he expected a man here on Wednesday with plenty of money to be used in securing his election. He said he would have one hundred and fifty thousand dollars to back him (Clarke). That party's name was Bob Stevens. Two or three days after that, he authorized me to say to any member of the Legislature who would vote for him that if they would vote for him for the United States Senator, and he was elected, that each member so doing should be paid whatever price they asked. I did not make any such proposition to any member. He asked me once or twice if I knew of any members whose votes could be secured for him with money. About this time or a short time previous, I had asked Mr. Clarke to loan me one thousand dollars, with which to make a part payment upon the note I had in the bank, which I have mentioned. I stated to him distinctly that I had made an arrangement with Mr. G. W. Veale, of this place, to endorse my note that I should give him (Clarke) for the one thousand dollars, which loan was to have been for one or two years time, with interest at ten percent. I stated to Clarke my circumstances, and that I asked this of him as a friend; that my desire was to get this note out of the bank, where it was drawing one and one-half percent per month; that Mr. G. W. Veale was my endorser upon my eighteen hundred dollar note, and had proposed that if I could borrow the one thousand dollars, he would endorse for me, and would take the note out of the bank for me, and would take some property which I proposed to throw over to him for the balance due upon the note. Clarke told me he thought he would let me have the money, and for me to see Dan Adams; that he thought I could get the money of him. I called on Adams, and he said he could not let me have the money. I told Veale of my failure and asked him if he knew anywhere else where the money could be had.

Now, by reference to the testimony of Gov. Carney, you will see that he swears money on good security could be readily had at that time in Kansas for 12 percent. Why did you not borrow the money of men who loaned money? It was because you wanted pay for your vote, and this was the dodge you took to get it. Everybody knows that men are not usually paid cash for their votes, but notes are given that all parties understand are never to be paid. Especially is this so in the light of your own testimony taken in connection with the fact that Sidney Clarke at that time was and now is financially worthless.

Again, in the same issue, we made the following charge:

We charge him with selling his vote to Caldwell, as sworn to by Manning himself before the Caldwell investigting committee at Washington.

The reader will remember that after Mr. Manning made oath to the facts above set forth, he was called to Washington to be sworn in the Caldwell investigation, and the following is his


WASHINGTON, January 21, 1873.

Edwin C. Manning sworn and examined.

Q. Where do you reside?

A. At Winfield, Cowley county, Kansas.

Q. Were you in the Legislature that elected Mr. Caldwell?

A. Yes, sir.

Q. Did anybody offer you any money to vote for Mr.


A. No one offered me any money to vote for Mr. Caldwell.

Q. Was there anything else offered you?

A. No, sir.

Q. Was there any accommodation sought by you or offered

to you in the way of a loan of money?

Q. [By Mr. Trumbull] Or any inducement?

The witness knows what we want.

A. No, sir--no inducement.

Q. [By the chairman] What about that note, Mr. Manning?

A. I had a note in bank that had been there in the Topeka

Bank some months over due, that I was very anxious

always to pay. A gentleman came to me and told me

that he believed I could get that note lifted if I

would vote for Mr. Caldwell.

Q. Did you have a conversation with Len. T. Smith?

A. No, sir.

Q. Did you with Governor Carney?

A. I did.

Q. What was the conversation?

A. Governor Carney was solicitous that I should vote for

Mr. Caldwell.

Q. Did you say anthing to Gov. Carney about the existence

of this note?

A. I did.

Q. What?

A. I asked him to assist me in making a loan on one or two

years' time, at 10 or 12 percent interest.

Q. [By Mr. Hill] For what amount?

A. Two thousand dollars.

Q. What did Governor Carney say to that? Did he decline?

A. I think he said he could assist me in procuring the loan

at that rate.

Q. Did he say he could or would?

A. That he could. I think he said he could.

Q. Did he tell you that he would speak to Mr. Caldwell for


A. I think he did.

Q. Did you understand that he had your permission to speak

to Mr. Caldwell?

A. Yes, sir, I think I did.

Q. And then you voted for Mr. Caldwell on that day?

A. Yes, sir.

The above evidence can be found on pages 301 to 309 of Mr. Manning's testimony before the U. S. Senate Committee in the Caldwell case.

Again, in the deposition of Gov. Carney before referred to, he swears he did see Caldwell for Manning, that Caldwell agreed to loan Manning the money, that he told Mr. Manning thereof, and that Manning told him they could depend upon him.

Again, we find in Mr. Manning's testimony before the U. S. Senate Committee above referred to, the following instructive statement.

Q. When you applied to Mr. Clarke for the loan of this

$1,000, he was a candidate?

A. Yes, sir.

Q. Is Mr. Clarke regarded as a wealthy man?

A. I believe not.

Q. How did you suppose he had $1,000 to loan?

A. I had several reasons for supposing that.

Q. What were those reasons?

A. One of those reasons was, he told me had money there

to procure his election. I ran as a Clarke man, made

my speeches as a Clarke man, and told them all I should

vote for Mr. Clarke. Every man expected I should vote

for Clarke.

Read all the foregoing testimony, dear reader, and then tell us that you will vote for this man, and that his reputation is as spotless as demanded by the convention that nominated him.

Oh, no; Manning is not the spotless candidate that the convention meant in those resolutions we should vote for, but he is the very character the convention pledged themselves and the Republican party that we and they should not vote for in this campaign. When the convention nominated him, and then passed the resolutions above set forth, they voted themselves not only asses, but political harlots. E. C. Manning pure and spotless in the light of the foregoing evidence? If so, then well may the brazen and debauched harlots that infest our cities proclaim themselves virgins.

But again, having proven charges 9 and 10, we propose to make charge 11 against you, Mr. Manning, so stand up. We charge that you, as a member of the State Senate of 1866, committed the gross offense of lying most shamefully, and by your vote in connection with other members of the Legislature, you robbed the present and future unborn generations of the children of Kansas of five hundred thousand acres of land, worth fifteen hundred thousand dollars.

Now the above is a serious charge, but we propose to prove it, and for that purpose we copy the third section of article six of the Constitution of the State of Kansas, adopted at Wyandotte, July 29, 1859, which has been in force ever since, and reads as follows.

"SECTION 3. The proceeds of all lands that have been or may be granted by the United States to the State for the support of schools, and the five hundred thousand acres of land granted to the new State under an act of Congress distributing the proceeds of public lands among the several States of the Union approved September 4th, 1841, * * * * shall be the common property of the State, and shall be a perpetual school fund, which shall not be diminished, but the interest of which, together with all the rents of the land and such other means as the Legislature may provide by tax or otherwise, shall be inviolably appropriated to the support of the common schools."

The above section of the Constitution was in full force and effect when Col. Manning was elected, and before he took his seat in the Senate, he solemnly swore he would obey that Constitution, and faithfully support and maintain the same.

How did he do it? Just as he did later in 1871, by forthwith trying to use his position as the servant of the people to make money out of an office they elected him to. And how did he do it? At that time the State school fund owned the five hundred thousand acres of land referred to in the above section of the Constitution, and that Constitution says that it "shall be a perpetual school fund which shall not be diminished, and shall be inviolably appropriated to the support of the common schools."

Yet that Legislature of 1866 passed an act appropriating the five hundred thousand acres of land referred to in the above section of the Constitution (and in violation of the spirit and letter of that section) to four Railroad Corporations, i. e., one hundred and twenty-five thousand acres to each of those corporations, and E. C. Manning voted for that bill.

At the time he voted for that bill, he was a member of one of said corporations; and his Company, under that bill, received by its provisions one hundred and twenty-five thousand acres of land, which the Constitution he swore he would support and protect, said should never be divested from the Common school fund of the State.

By that act he helped rob the children of Kansas and divided their property among the licensed plunderers of the public Treasury, with whom he at that time was, and ever since, has been found.

Below we give the votes and protest of members of the Legislature when the bill was passed. The people of Cowley county will do well to read these copies of official documents taken from the House Journal of 1866.

On the 17th of February, 1866, morning session, after reception of reports from committees and transaction of other business, House bill No. 24, "an act providing for the sale of public lands to aid in the construction of certain railroads," was read a third time. The question now being: "Shall the bill pass?" The yeas and nays were had with the following result: yeas, 44; nays 57. The following is the vote.

Gentlemen voting in the affirmative: Messrs. Authur, Brakford, Brice, Bond, Callen, Cavender, Craig, Cochrane, Coffin, Drake, Dow, Fletcher, Graham, Green, Griswold, Harmon, Harrington, Harvey, Hollenberg, Holliday, Johnson, Kelly, Massey, Mix, Montgomery, Moore, McCabe, Nash, Parker, Pearmain, Pennock, Power, Quinn, Rankid, Reese, Rue, Sanford, Stewart, Smith, 43rd, Stotler, Underhill, Walker, Wilson, and Mr. Speaker.

Gentlemen voting in the negative were: Messrs. Allen, Bauserman, Cain, Carlton, Foster, Glick, Gross, Humber, Jackson, Jennison, Kellogg, Knight, Kunkel, McAuley, McLellen, O'Brien, Preston, Phillips, Rodgers, Stabler, Shepherd, Smith, 15th, Smith, 17th, Smith, 36th, VanGaasbeck, Pellhouse, and Woodyard.

Mr. W. A. Phillips then offered the following protest, which was ordered to be spread at large upon the Journal of the House.

We, the undersigned, hereby enter our solemn protest against the passage of an act entitled "An act providing for the sale of public lands to aid in the construction of certain railroads," for the following reasons: 1st. This law would take from the school fund of this State, lands that have been set apart for their support, and appropriates them to other purposes; these lands being first, transferred by Congress to the State, by the State to the school fund, by a law found on page 572 of the Compiled Laws of Kansas; and, further, that this law, if passed, is in violation of section three of article sixth of our Constitution, which we have solemnly sworn to support; and, further, it appears by the files in the Secretary of State's office, that certain members of the Senate and House of Representatives, and State officers, namely: Chas. E. Fox, Chas. E. Parker, George Graham, Henry Hollenberg, House of Representatives; F. H. Drenning, E. C. Manning, Samuel Speer, Sol. Miller, Senate; J. D. Braumbaugh, Attorney General; D. E. Ballard, staff officer, are members of the corporations in question, and by their votes have passed this bill; and as it further appears that the bill passed into a law is passed by the votes of these corporators, who are the recipients of the lands appropriated to the extent of 10,500 acres to each, this being in violation of all parliamentary law, for no member has a right to vote on questions in which he has a direct personal and pecuniary interest, the Constitution fixing the amount and manner of their compensation.

[Signature not given.]

And this is the man who proposes, aye, who has the audacity to ask a confiding and honest people to send him back to the Senate and give him one more chance! If he, in 1866, could disregard his oath, and appropriate that land to Rail Road Companies, in his own interest, why not the coming winter appropriate the remainder of the School fund for the same purpose?

It won't do, voters, your interests are our interests, and we publish these facts that you may vote intelligently and with your eyes open.

Personally, we have no quarrel with Col. Manning, but his record is such that it ought to politically damn any man.

This is no time to trifle about candidates--our watch-word in this campaign is "reform within the party." This bold, bad man has secured the Republican nomination.

He has his followers in every Township and his retainers and strikers in every locality, all in connection with each other lustily yelling at every man who refuses to support him that they are bolters and Democrats. He is followed by as foul and corrupt a mob of vagabonds as ever disgraced Kansas, clamorous for his appropriation, ever ready to share in the spoil that his past foul and dishonest record leads them to believe will follow in his wake.

("Big fleas have little fleas upon their legs to bite 'em,

And little fleas have lesser fleas and so ad infinitum.)

Can it be possible that this man will be elected to the State Senate?

Let the people themselves answer at the ballot box.




The Sioux treaty requires the Indians to be removed to the Indian Territory, and the Black Hills to be sold to the whites. They will be followed by a sufficient body of soldiers, who will have to be stationed along the Kansas line.




"Vindication" Meeting.

On Friday morning of last week, Col. Manning came down to this place for the purpose of "making votes." After interviewing a number of our citizens, he went to Bolton Township, but returned again to spend more time here--disgusting some who formerly had a slight respect for him, by "Hurrahing for Manning" himself, thinking, doubtless, "He that tooteth not his own horn, the same shall not be tooted." To others, his favorite saying was "Vote for me for the State Senate, and I will build you a railroad," but all to no avail. "Unless a tree has borne blossoms in the spring, you will vainly look for fruit on it in the autumn."

In the evening he held a meeting at Benedict's Hall, which was largely attended by an audience that treated him with the greatest courtesy, and hoped, for the good name of the Republican party and common decency, to hear him explain away the serious charges made against him. The attempt was made in a lengthy, labored, and able mannyer, but the records of the county and sworn statements of prominent men was too much to be contradicted, and his hearers went away satisfied that truth was mighty and would prevail. Those who had said during the day they did not believe the charges, went home convinced they were true, and pitied the man for his infamy.

During his speech he called on a member of the Winfield Grange, and asked him if he had joined the Grange for political purposes, and the response was: "I think you did, Colonel!" "But I got in, didn't I?" "Partly in."

Again, he denied his actions on railroad matters at El Dorado, where he did not vote with the Winfield or county delegates on several issues, when it was proven point blank that he grossly misrepresented the facts. Out of sympathy for his feelings, we did not call for a vote of the house, but know the result would have been five votes for Manning--two gentlemen of this place, a Beaver township farmer, Wirt Walton (who was present to write up his "vindication" for the Courier), and Col. Manning. That was the sentiment.

We have claimed from the beginning that the Republicans made a mistake in permitting his friends to govern the primary meetings; made a mistake in nominating him, and made a mistake in not repudiating him, and taking up a man such as the resolutions call for.

We regret it for the party's sake; for the honor of the county, and good name of the people that such is the state of affairs, but it will teach us an unworthy man cannot be forced on an intelligent and pure-minded people simply because he claims to be a Republican.

An honest Democrat is far better than a dishonest


The man nominated has not the slightest interest in the welfare of the party, and only endeavors to use the name of Republican for his own personal and selfish motives.

Such actions have driven many of the best men from our ranks. All over the county we can recall to mind men who affiliated with us a few years ago, that are now identified with the most bitter opposition elements, simply because they saw the errors and did not have the courage to fight against them.

Let us make the fight for principle and show to our enemies and friends that the grand old Republican party of Cowley county has within itself the power and will of reform.




We give the evidence of Charges Number 9 and 10, against Col. Manning, on the first page; and will have proof of the remaining charges in due time. It is nearly one month before election, and ample time will be had to deny them, if they can be denied.

The fight we make against Mr. Manning is neither a fight of party or prejudice, but an open fight for principle. The Republican party has suffered enough by such men, and if they are not shown the party will not carry them, the party may suffer. The vote this fall will settle the matter whether the reform element of the Republican party of Cowley county is in the majority or minority, and teach honest men to look more closely after the Primary meetings that elect delegates.




Four lodges of Osages are over trading with the Cherokees.

An Osage fell dead on Saturday last.




Red Cloud Agency, Nebraska, via Sidney, Nebraska, September 22. This evening the commission consummated the treaty with the Sioux, Cheyennes, and Arrapahoes at this agency, the Indians agreeing to the proposition made them on the 7th inst., without change of a single word, which proposition has already been published in full.


The following named Indians were selected by their people to sign for the Ogollas [THINK THIS WORD IS WRONG], after the treaty had been read over, and interpreted, before signing.

Red Cloud

Young Man Afraid of his Horse

Red Dog

Little Wound

American Horse

Three Bears

Fire Hunter

Quick Bear

Red Leat [?]

Fire Eyes

White Cow

Good Bull

Sorrel Horse

Weasel Bear

Two Dance

Big Foot

Bad Wound

High Bear

Slow Bull

The Cheyennes and Arrapahoes will not sign until tomorrow, after which the Committee starts at once for Spotted Tail Agency to consummate a treaty there.

To the surprise of the Commission, after they had affixed their signatures of the treaty, the Indians hung back and speeches were made by a number of them before they would touch the pen and make their marks.

Red Cloud said: "I am afraid of the President, and you men who have come here to see me are chief men and men of influence; you have come here with the words of the Great Father, therefore, because I am his friend, I have said yes to what he has said to me. I suppose that makes you happy. I don't like it that we have a soldier here to give us food. It makes our children's hearts go back and forth. I want Major Howard for my agent. I want you to send word to Washington so he may come here very soon. If my young men come back and say the country is bad, it will not be possible for me to go there. As for the Missouri River country, I think if my people should move there to live, they would all be destroyed. Thee is a great many bad men there and bad whiskey, therefore I don't want to go. There is a great many of my relatives who have no money, and if they are employed to go to the Indian Territory to look at the country, I hope they will be paid out of the money of the Great Father that you have with you."

Young-Man-Afraid-of his Horse said: "This is the country where I was born. I have never made any man's heart feel bad. I have thought that the Great Spirit intended that I should live here and raise my children. I had wished that the Great Father should take care of me and that I should live here with my children and these white people who have married among us. I gave notice that it would take me a long while to learn the labor, and I expect the President will feed me for a hundred years, perhaps a good deal longer. You never heard of me behaving badly."

With this he took a pen in hand, and as he made his mark, he said: "This is to signify that the Great Father has fed and clothed me for a hundred years and given me wagons and cattle."

Fire Hunter came up holding a blanket over his eyes, signed blind-folded, and returned to his place in silence.

Big Foot, who had been engaged in agriculture for several years, said: "I am a farmer. I wanted a hundred wagons, but I have not see them, yet I am the man that is going down to see that country."

Crow, with a good voice, refused to sign the treaty, and walked away with quite a show of indignation.

All the others who had been selected and were present, offered to put their cross on the paper, a copy of which was given them at their request.




SHOO, fly.

COURT is in session.

SLIGHT rainfall last Thursday.

A number of stoves went up last week.

MAKE your arrangements for firewood.

WINDSOR is the largest township in the county.

The skies are illuminated nightly with prairie fires.

The walnuts have fallen, and are now ready to hull.

The Courier has no editor. W. W. W. acts as amanuensis.

WORK continues on Newman's upper story of the brick building.

MR. GARNER, a jeweler, will probably locate at this place this winter.

PARTNERS. Doctors Alexander and Loomis are partners in dentistry.

COL. MANNING spent two days at this place last week, seeking encouragement.

FROST. The first frost of this year appeared last Saturday morning. It was slight.

POTATOES, 40 cents; eggs, 10 cents per dozen; butter, 25 cents per pound; quinine, $5 per ounce.

PROF. BACON resumed his labors in the public school last Monday, after an illness of one week.

WOOD. We will take cord wood on subscription, and allow the highest market price. We need some now.

NEW-COMERS every day now, from almost every State. Indiana, Missouri, and Iowa seem to be the best represented.

A building is going up on Charley Sipes' corner, to be used by Mrs. Hartsock as a millinery store. It is a good location.

DIED. On Wednesday, Sept. 27th, of pneumonia, Edward F., son of Bernard and Elizabeth Geiser. Aged six months.

A petition has been made by Mr. Turner and others to have the vacated road south of Mr. Reuben Bowers' opened for public travel.

CHARLEY LISH's dog jumped through the glass in the door of Channell & Haywood's new store, Saturday. Damage, one V.

OUR LAWYERS are attending court this week. C. R. Mitchell has thirteen cases on the docket in which he is employed as


DR. HUGHES had one-half day of leisure last Friday, after six weeks' hard riding. All the medical men will have more time since the frost.

The County Commissioners met last Monday, and will probably be in session the greater part of this week. It is a regular meeting.


ELDER ALSOP, a Christian minister, delivered two sermons at the brick church last Friday and Saturday evenings, and one at Oxford Sunday evening.

IF all the necessary arrangements can be made, Eugene D. Eddy and Miss Georgia Sherburne will be married next Tuesday, October 16th, at Winnesago, Maine.

A meeting of the stockholders and directors of the Commercial Agency will be held at Wichita, Thursday, October 5th.

E. R. POWELL, Secretary.


ARKANSAS. From A. W. Patterson, who was lately over at Chetopa buying apples by the load, we learn that times about Chetopa are as dull as anywhere. The grasshoppers were more numerous than they were here, and ate the tall wheat that was up. In talking with Arkansas men, he learned that apples were 35 cents per bushel, sheep $1.50 per head, milch cows $20 each, and hogs as dear as in Kansas.


The boys tell some amusing anecdotes of their trip down the Arkansas. To avoid mosquitoes, they generally slept on a sand bar, and were almost certain to hear the steamboat coming every night. Nothing can be done until a new engine is put in, and our citizens are endeavoring to have it done, so that the boat can come up.


119 TEAMS. Thos. Parvin counted 119 teams loaded with wheat last Friday, on their way to Wichita. One difficulty, lately, is the scarcity of cars to ship the wheat, and frequently buyers refuse to purchase on that account. No. 2 wheat, last week, brought 80 cents; No. 3, 70 and 75 cents per bushel.


HUNTERS. Kendall Smith, Beall, Bentley, and August Lorry spent a few days hunting in the Territory last week, and got one deer and some small game. They report turkeys scarce and hard to get, on account of the high grass.


DIED. On Thursday, September 28th, at her residence on Grouse creek, in Silverdale township, Mrs. Ann Allison, aged 57 years. Whe was a devoted number of the M. E. Church.




The treaty with the Indians at Red Cloud has been signed by most of the head chiefs, some refusing to sign however. Those who signed, did so, conditionally--that if the Indian territory was suitable to their taste, they would go; if not, they would hold the country they have.




List of those receiving certificates at the examination held at Winfield, September 15 and 16, 1876.

"A" Grades: Xina Cowles, Ella Wickersham, Mary A. Bryant, Geo. W. Robinson.

"1st" Grades: H. M. Bacon, H. W. Holloway, Miss Mall. Roberts.

"2nd" Grades: Emery I. Johnson, J. H. Edwards, Wm. E. Ketchum, J. C. Armstrong, Oscar J. Holroyd, C. I. Record, T. B. Kidney, Porter Wilson, R. B. Carson, M. L. Smith, J. T. Tarbet, Charles H. Eagin, E. W. Snow, M. D. Snow, Byron A. Snow, C. W. Dover, George Lee, J. K. Beckner, Frank A. Chapin, J. M. Hawthorne, T. P. Stevenson, Mrs. Bell Seibert, Mrs. A. R. Hauser, Fannie Skinner, Sarah Hollingsworth, Sarah E. Davis, Stella Burnett, Laura Turner, Anna O. Wright, Veva Walton, Georgia Christian, Gertrude Davis, Adelia DeMott, Lizzie Conklin, Sallie Rea, Miss M. J. Huff, Miss M. E. Lynn, Miss C. A. Winslow, Lusetta Pyburn, Helen Wright, Anna Buck, Mary E. Buck, Ludy Pedell, Kate L. Ward, Emma Saint, Mina C. Johnson, Maggie Stansbury, Kate Gilliland, Rachel E. Nawman, Kate Fitzgerald, Mary I. Byard, W. E. Merydith, Ioa Roberts, Lizzie Landis, Amy Robertson, Kate T. Hawkins, Anna Mark.

"A" grades are valid two years, "1st" grades one year, and "2nd" grades six months. There were four "A" grades, three "1st" grades, and fifty-seven "2nd" grades.




There are 133 patients in the insane asylum at Ossowatomie.

Three cars loaded with Pawnee Indians recently passed through Humboldt on their way to fight the Sioux.




NOTICE. All persons knowing themselves indebted to me on account, or otherwise, are requested to make prompt payment in cash or marketable wheat at home prices. NATHAN HUGHES. September 29, 1876.


CHOICE FALL BARLEY may be had at Houghton & McLaughlin's, Channell & Haywood's, or of the undersigned, at $1.00 per bushel. Now is the time to sow. J. C. TOPLIFF.


800 ACRES of land, improved and unimproved, for sale at the Arkansas City Bank, on five years' time at 12 percent interest.




S. Matlock reports one half of the Pawnee tribe now sick.

Pony buyers from New York have made their second appearance this season.

Daniel Moulton, a white man from the New England States, died from hemorrhage from the lungs, on the prairie, in

Coo-wee-scoo wee district.

Upon the subject of Indian affairs, nothing has yet been heard from the Yearly Meeting of Friends in Iowa.

Indian Agent Cravens reports all the buildings at his agency, excepting three, as being carried away by the flood. His records and papers are all gone.

The removal of 40,000 Sioux Indians to this Territory will badly shake the imaginary castles that now occupy so much space beneath the Star of Oklahoma.

Dr. Daniels, of the Indian commission, was once agent at Red Cloud, and now finds many old friends among the Sioux.

A family of three persons have recently been found dead in Missouri. The parents evidently died of congestive chills, and the child in its efforts to obtain nourishment fell into a bucket of water and drowned.