Better than Many, & More For Your Money!!

The undersigned respectfully informs


that he prepares the following medicines and guarantees them to be equal, and in many cases greatly superior to many similar preparations found on the shelves of the drug stores in the United States. It has been my study during the last year or two to compound a reliable TONIC MEDICINE that should be pleasant and agreeable to take and be within the reach of every person without the expenditure of a large sum of money. Hence I offer to the public an


which I believe will accomplish the objects I have in view.


are pre-eminently tonic and peculiarly adapted for improving the quality of the blood and giving TONE, STRENGTH, and SOLIDITY to the system generally.

During the hot dry weather of summer Infants and Young Children are very liable to

Sumner Complaints

and a suitable medicine should be within reach. In such cases offer the widely known


a medicine that I have found from experience to be very efficacious in controlling Diarrhea, Dysentery, Cholera-morbus, Cholera-Infantum and other forms of Bowel Complaints affecting children. I prepare also a reliable

Diarrhoea Compound,

adapted for the use of adults. It is very popular in the eastern states under the name of "Dr. Squibb's Cholera Mixture." There is no better medicine made for Diarrhoea, Dysentery, Cholera, Colic, and all deranged conditions of the bowels. I recommend also the

Universal Liniment for Man and Animal,

An improved preparation for external use in all cases of Rheumatism, Sprains, Bruises, Burns, Lame Back, Painful Swelling, Neuralgia, Sweeny, Splints, Cracked Heels, and all other cases where a liniment is likely to do good.

Sold at my Store at 25 and 50 cents per Bottle.

DR. MANSFIELD, Winfield, Kansas.








Custer's remains and three of the officers that fell with him have been brought in for a more appropriate burial.


Eldorado is to have a grand jollification when the railroad is completed to that place, which will transpire about August 1st. People from abroad are expected to participate.


By a private act of Congress approved March 3rd, 1877, Hon. T. B. Murdock, of Eldorado, was made a government pensioner. Let us see, that was a Democratic Congress; which side did you fight on, Bent?


The commissioners of Sumner county have been enjoined from issuing the bonds thereof to the Emporia Narrow Gauge and the Solomon Valley Narrow Gauge railroads. The suit is brought at the instance of parties in Sumner and not Cowley county, as has been represented. Hackney & McDonald are attorneys for plaintiff.




Sitting Bull has given his account of the battle in which Custer's command was annihilated. He states that the battle lasted only thirty minutes, and that Custer with a few men and officers had cut through the Indian line when he returned and charged back. The Indians were bewildered by this unlooked for desperate charge, but closed in on the few men and killed them all. Custer, it is said, shot five Indians and went down beating another with the butt of his revolver. This account corresponds with others coming from Indian sources.



Between the first and seventh of this month the following charter was filed at the Secretary of State's office, and from that time the corporation had an existence.

"Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railroad Company. Place of business Emporia, Kansas. Directors--J. K. Finley, C. V. Eskridge, C. N. Sterry, Joseph E. Young, and Lloyd B. Fuller."



There must be something wrong about the bond business over in Sumner county. William Carter, one of the Commissioners, published the following card in the Wellington Press in connection with the published report of the election returns.

"I enter my protest against the correctness and legality of the canvass of the vote as declared and shown above in the vote for and against the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern railroad, for the reason that the other two members of the Board, over my protest, and at the suggestion of others, counted for the proposition a number of ballots that legally ought not to have been counted, and neglected and refused to count a number that ought to have been counted against said proposition.






By the official records at Topeka, Cowley county stands the fifteenth on the list of counties in this State in the valuation of her personal property. There are sixty-four counties in the State, Cowley is among the very youngest. Its personal property valuation is greater than either Wyandotte, Saline, Osage, Nemaha, Neosho, McPherson, Marshall, Labette, Jefferson, Jackson, Davis, Dickinson, Coffey, Allen, Anderson, and fifty other counties in Kansas. It is more than half as large as the county of Leavenworth with all of its wholesale establishments, banks, manufactories, and rich men.

Cowley stands $476,989.00, Leavenworth county $897,389.00. Wyandotte county with its boasted age and wealth does not return one half the personal property that Cowley does.

Labette with its cities of Parsons, Oswego, Chetopah, and a half dozen little towns and two railroads is $42,765 below Cowley. Butler count is $100,000 behind us, and Allen county with its city of Humbboldt and other important towns falls below us nearly $200,000.

We believe there is something wrong in this matter, or else Cowley is a remarkably prosperous county. There must certainly be some swindle in the Leavenworth county returns. The Metropolis (?) of Kansas with the rich counttry around it ought to make a different showing.

Where is the personal property of the great Missouri Valley Life Insurance Company, alone reported to have $500,000 of assets? Come gentlemen, explain this matter.





The Walnut is up again.

Ripe blackberries are plenty. New apples in town.

Green corn 15 cents per dozen.

Col. Alexander has returned to Winfield.

Mrs. E. C. Manning has gone on a visit to Iowa.

Rev. Rusbridge and wife did not go to Colorado Springs.

The 1072 feet spire on the new M. E. church is nearly up.

The oat crop of Cowley is the best ever harvested in this county.

A. A. Jackson's brother, Frank, and wife are on a visit to Winfield.

False Bottom, Black Hills, is the present post office address of Ira E. Moore.

Winfield pays higher salaries to its school teachers than does the city of Atchison.

Miss Hannah Fletcher, the first young lady resident of Winfield, is visiting this place at present.

The Sedan Journal gives an unflattering notice of

D. H. Cross, late a resident of that county.

The tax on a part of N. E. quarter of section 20, township 34, range 4, Creswell township, is $292.54.

Chautauqua county has $133,000 worth of personal property exempt from taxation, by the $200 clause.

A Lawn Party will be held at the residence of D. A. Millington, Esq., on Tuesday evening July 26th, 1877.

The fish law ran out on the last of June, and now a man can sein without danger of being molested by the law.



Mr. A. A. Wiley has purchased Mr. McDorman's interest in the mercantile house at Dexter and now runs it alone.

MARRIED. It was Joe. Mack and Miss Bull who were married some weeks since and about whom there was so much guessing.

A. H. Green is sued for $5,000 damages for the false imprisonment of J. E. Searle, of this city. L. J. Webb, Attorney.

Mr. Searle, of this place, was released from custody in Wichita last Friday by writ of Habeas Corpus. L. J. Webb,


A fine two horse carriage, the property of O. N. Morris, sold at mortgage sale on our streets last Saturday for one hundred dollars.

The wind storm last Sunday evening blew forty feet in heighth of the steeple scaffolding off from the new M. E. church in this place.

The proposition for $5,500 in Winfield township bonds to be used in constructing two bridges across the Walnut river at this place was carried last Tuesday.

The Dedication of the M. E. Church, Winfield, will take place July 12th, 1877. SERVICES: At 10:30 a.m., sermon, Rev.

C. R. Pomeroy; 10:30 a.m., address, Rev. C. C. McCabe, D. D.;

2:30 p.m., Rev. A. H. Walter; 2:30 p.m. address, Dr. Pomeroy; 7:30 p.m., dedication exercises, Dr. McCabe. Services conducted by Rev. A. H. Walter, P. E.

This community will regret to learn that John P. McMillan and family are to permanently remove from this place to Colorado. He seeks a climate that agrees with him better than this. Such families as the McMillans are a credit to any community.

The Patrons of Husbandry of Sumner and Cowley counties hold a picnic at Krell's grove three miles northwest of Oxford on August 1st. Everybody is invited to be present whether members or not. Speeches, music, and other entertainments are on the programme.

The Wichita Eagle says: "Hays Brothers, of this city, bought last week of Mr. Stalter, of Rock Creek, Cowley County, 11,000 pounds of wool of excellent grade, light Merino, cut from 1,400 head of sheep. It was the largest single transaction in that line that ever occurred in these parts."


Good news from Elk! By a private letter dated July 14th, we learn that the L., L. & G. extension bond proposition has been withdrawn from that county. This leaves the field clear for the Parsons narrow gauge.

LATER. No election was held in Elk county on the

L., L. & G. bond proposition except in Greenfield township. There they were afraid it was a trick and hence turned out to a man and voted about 150 votes against the proposition.




The Normal Institue for this county will begin work August 1. Prof. L. B. Kellogg, formerly of the Emporia Normal School, will have charge of the Institute. He will be assisted by Geo. W. Robinson, of Winfield, Miss Ella Wickersham, of Tisdale, and R. C. Story, County Superintendent.


Mr. G. H. Buckman has been engaged to give instructions in vocal music. The tuition fee for the entire course is only one dollar.


Addresses, upon topics of special and general interest, will be given by Rev. Rusbridge, Flemming, Platter, Wingar, and by

D. A. Millington on the 13th of August. Doctor C. E. Pomeroy, President of the Emporia Normal School, will address the teachers and citizens. An examination of teachers on the 30th and 31st will close the labors of the Normal.


From Samuel Scott, of Vernon Township, we learn that a whirlwind-tornado passed from southeast to northwest through the northwest part of Vernon township, about 2 miles from the Arkansas river on Tuesday night about 9 o'clock. It appears to have struck the ground and then risen for a distance and then descended again at intervals of about a mile apart. The house of James Dale was utterly demolished, as also the house of Mr. Worthington; and one other house, whose owner we have not learned. There were six inmates in the house of Mr. Dale at the time and their escape from serious injury is remarkable. Crops, fences, and stock were destroyed and seriously tossed about in every locality struck by the cyclone. An idea of its force may be obtained from the fact that a wagon containing a barrel of water stood at the door of Mr. Dale's residence and it was torn to pieces and the front wheels with a broken wagon tongue were found about 300 yards from the house, but the remainder of the wagon had not been found on Wednesday, though diligent search had been made therefor.

LATER. The residence of James Paul, one mile east of Oxford, was twisted in two, the upper story being carried away and a large amount of bedding and wearing apparel belonging to Mrs. Paul carried with it, of which no trace can be found. A house belonging to R. B. Wait on the farm near the Bartlow place was also carried from the foundation entirely and thrown southwest and turned entirely towards the storm. Corn was twisted out of the ground and into withs wherever the monster struck the earth. The noise of the tempest is said to have been appalling.




MARRIED. HORTON - UNDERWOOD. Married at the Winkler House, Alma, Wabaunsee County, Kansas, June 27th, 1877, by G. G. Hall, Mr. Wm. A. Horton, of Wabaunsee county, Kansas, and Miss Ella Underwood, of Wilmington, Clinton county, Ohio.

Am puzzled why COURIER printed this item.


From Black Hills papers we clip the following:

The Black Hills land office opened yesterday on Deadwood avenue. The register and receiver are busy arranging matters for business. But few of the mines in the Hills have been surveyed.

The new jail building situated in South Deadwood is nearly completed. The whole building, outside measurement, is 30 x 49 feet in size. It is built very compactly of hewn pine logs, one story and a half in height.

There will be a grand glove prize fight at Gay City on Sundy next at 2:30 p.m., in which six professional contestants will engage. It will be the ablest and most scientific friendly contest ever given in the Hills.





Flour for cash can be had at Bliss, Earnest & Co.'s, at retail for wholesale rates. We mean business. XXXX Flour $3.50, XXX Flour $3.00, XX Flour, $2.25.


100 Spring Calves Wanted, by C. S. Thomas, at the City Hotel.


For the Next 30 days Frank Gallotti will sell boots & shoes at cost to make room for his fall stock. Give him a call.


All parties knowing themselves indebted to J. B. Lynn & Co., are requested to call and settle, for we are hard up for money.


For the next thirty days we will discount all bills over one dollar five percent cash. J. B. LYNN & CO.


A splendid Aultman & Taylor vibrating threshing machine for sale, either for cash or on time. Enquire of C. C. Harris or at the post office.


Go to Lynn's and buy a Fine Shirt formerly sold at $2.00 for $1.00 in case.


If you want to buy a Threshing Machine, come and see L. C. Harter & Co.




Cut Hair and Combings wanted by Mrs. N. J. Ross, 3rd door north of Read's Bank.


The EXCELSIOR RENEWER for cleaning kid gloves, silk, woolen, and cotton goods, prepared exclusively by Mrs. N. J. Ross, is the best thing yet for taking out grease spots, paint, etc. Mrs. Ross not only sells the article but will clean up your spotted cloths as well. Give her a call. 2 doors south of Read's bank.




The co-partnership heretofore existing between H. C.

McDorman and A. A. Wiley, under the firm name of McDorman & Wiley, at Dexter, Cowley county, State of Kansas, is this day dissolved by mutual consent. All accounts due the firm will be collected by H. C. McDorman.



Dexter, Kansas, July 19th, 1877.

NOTE: The undersigned will continue business at the old stand of McDorman & Wiley. The business of former patrons respectfully solicited. I shall conduct a cash or exchange business. Live stock and farm products taken in exchange for goods.







Petroleum has been discovered near Eldorado, Butler county. The quantity is believed to be sufficient to pay working.





The greatest uprising of labor against capital ever witnessed in this country has reared its bloody head along the lines of railroad from Baltimore to St. Louis. In different cities and railroad centers throughout that vast extent of country, the firemen, breaksmen [WAY THEY SPELLED IT], and other employees of the railroad have quit work, organized and armed themselves, and not only refuse to run trains but also prevent others who have not joined the movement from running them. In some districts the whole population, officials and militia, are on the side of the strikers.

The President of the United States has been called upon by the Governors of several States so widespread and powerful is the uprising. In some places the strikers and their allies have become an infuriated mob, burning buildings and robbing and destroying trains. The soldiers have fired into several riotous gatherings and killed quite a number of men. We cannot give full particulars this week, but according to our last advices, the end was not yet. The immediate cause of the trouble was an attempted reduction of wages by the railroad companies.

LATER. By Monday morning's extra from Kansas City, the startling news arrived Tuesday evening giving information of the extent and degree of the insurrection. It assumed the most formidable proportions at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on Saturday night and lasted until Sunday night, at which time the latest news was telegraphed. At Buffalo and other cities in New York; at Philadelphia, Reading, and other cities in Pennsylvania; at Cleveland and other cities in Ohio; Vincennes and other places in Indiana; at Chicago and St. Louis, the strike is in operation.

No serious outbreaks so far at these places. At Pittsburgh, however, 800 Philadelphia State troops fired into the rioters on Saturday evening. This increased their fury and numbers. The coal miners and rolling mill men joined the mob and the numbers grew to be thousands. The troops were driven out of the city, three miles of railroad buildings, locomotives, and loaded trains were destroyed by fire, and at evening Sunday the fires were spreading to other parts of the city. One hundred and twenty-five locomotives, over four hundred loaded cars, lumber yards, railroad hotels, union depots, etc., are among the ashes of the fire. Many of the cars were loaded with oil, coke, coal, and other combustible material. The amount of damage to property was several millions and loss of life several hundred at last accounts. Women and children joined in the onslaught and carried off thousands of dollars worth of all kinds of goods from the loaded trains before they were burned. The law stood paralyzed. Fifty thousand people from the housetops and other heights around Pittsburgh witnessed the work of destruction on Sabbath, but were afraid to interfere in behalf of justice or order.

LATER. By the dailies of Tuesday, information comes that the strike has extended to many other cities between New York and St. Louis and to several railroads. In most places the freight trains have been stopped and stock unloaded. Violence had been resorted to in but few places, and that not of a very serious character. The destruction and riot at Pittsburgh had died down on Monday. Uncle Sam is sending troops in several directions. A strike was to take place at Kansas City at noon Tuesday.






This from the Arkansas Traveler is the most unkindest cut of all. [NOTE: MANNING LOVES TO LEAVE OFF "City" WHEN REFERRING TO THE TRAVELER.]

"Some of the anti-Manning clique said they knew the Parsons road was a humbug, and would do nothing to help it along. But where do we find these same men at, and some weeks before, the election? Why, working for dear life for this same Parsons road, under their General, E. C. Manning, W. P. Hackney, first, and Allison, second Lieutenant, with a host of county officials and lawyers as Corporals--all jumping at the slightest nod of their little General, E. C."

And still we have no railroad.





Wheat threshing lively.

Ex-Sheriff Parker is in town.

The new churches are being plastered.

Green apples two dollars per bushel.

Candidates for the office of sheriff are plenty.

Corn 25 cents, good new wheat 80 cents per bushel.

Geo. Hudson returned Saturday from the Black Hills.

Elk county votes again on the Parsons road August 28th.

Peter Paugh has our thanks for a gallon of nice blackberries.

The Wichita stage comes in loaded with passengers every night.

Charley McClellan returned last Saturday from the San Juan country.

B. F. Baldwin wants everyone indebted to him to settle up at once.

A. L. Williams, ex-Attorney General, is watching the corners in our city.

Mr. P. Stump is building a two story stone business house south of the Tony Boyle corner.

Mr. Andy Kirby, of Dayton, Ohio, has been visiting his brother, Pat Kirby, during the past week.

The M. E. church has ordered the chandelier made of the new Rigby lamp, a Winfield man's invention.

John Seaton, "the foundry man of Atchison" came down this week to see about putting in a turn-table at this place.




Mr. Nickerson, president of A. T. & S. F. railroad, visited Winfield last Monday looking up the matter of an extension of his road to this place.

F. M. Hodge, late of Hiawatha, Kansas, and G. J. Killinberger, of Dayton, Indiana, made us a call this week. They expect to locate in this vicinity.

The lawn social at the grounds of D. A. Millington on Tuesday evening was the finest affair of the season.

DIED. Jacob Reil died in this place last Sabbath morning, a victim to strong drink. This is the second man that liquor has destroyed in this town within a few months. The family of the deceased has the sympathies of this community.

MARRIED. J. H. Service, of Dexter, has married a daughter of R. R. Turner's and moved to the vicinity of Cedarvale. Mr. Service is one of Cowley's best citizens.







Sumner county recently voted down a jail bond proposition. Of Course.



The "great strike" of July 20th to 30th will be long remembered in this United States. Much will be written about its causes and the remedies therefor. If a reader of the COURIER justifies the strike, let us say a word to him. There is no conflict between capital and labor--because capital is the product of labor. You, being a laborer, desire to accumulate competency and by years of perseverance succeed. Having obtained it do you want a "strike," a mob, the community, to destroy it in a night? What incentive is there for a man to labor and acquire a comfortable home or decent business property if a mob can rob him of it in a day? Everywhere in this county steady, industrious, intelligent, honest men are in demand. They do not need to go hungry, nor do they need to "strike" for higher wages. If mob law is to reign, if there is to be no security to capital invested in railroads, buildings, manufactories, machinery, homes, etc., then will capital seek other investments such as government securities, bonds, mortgages, or the vaults of its owners. If capital must seek these investments to be secure, then where is the employment for laboring men? The criminal folly of this striking business, and the demagogue cry of "conflict between labor and capital" are all alike.

If men cannot afford to labor for the wages they are receiving, they should turn their attention to some other pursuit. If it is true that men cannot afford to work for the prices paid by railroad companies, then no one will work long for them and the companies will be compelled to give higher wages or stop their trains. There are millions of acres of land in this country unoccupied, and a man can make a livelihood on any five acres of the same. As long as this is the case, there is no excuse for riot and bloodshed.

This uprising is going to affect the future legislation of this country. It should do so. The poppy-cock cry of "state's rights" has received a severe blow in the last thirty days. America needs and must have a strong central government or the nation is not safe. The spectacle of local militia refusing to suppress a mob composed of their neighbors, and the refusal of the authorities to pay militia for their services on such an occasion shows the weakness of "state sovereignty." A standing army of men who are not dependent upon the votes of a mob for their pay, having a head that cannot in any emergency be in sympathy with local eruptions, but that only knows the law and will enforce it, is what America wants. The red tape of Hayes' gingerbread policy, which compels the executive department of a great nation to wait until just so much property has been destroyed, just so many lives lost, just so many State militia whipped or refuse to serve, and then until he receives just such a formal call from the "Governor" of some so-called "sovereign state" before he can arrest outlaws and murderers in their career of communism has had an unhappy exemplification in the Pittsburgh affair.

Give us a strong central government that will protect "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."






Hotels full and running over.

Winfield boasts of cigar factory No. 274.

The editor has gone to look after the railroad again.

W. L. Mullen has gone to Kansas City with his cattle.

Burnett & Cutler have our thanks for a fine fish.

We received a call from Rev. P. G. Smith, of Dexter, yesterday.

Fish are very readily taken from the Walnut now with a hook.

The Harter Brothers of this place have opened a store in Wellington.

Tommy Robinson, the famous stone cutter, has returned to Winfield to stay.

Miss Josephine E. Mansfield, of New York, is visiting her father, Dr. Mansfield.







See the change in Wm. Newton's card. [Card reflects change of address to location near Cigar Factory from Mullin's Old Stand.]




Keeps a Full Stock of Everything in his line at

2 Doors South of Cigar Factory.




See in another column, the new ad. of Lynn & Gillelen, which speaks for itself.





than any other House in Cowley Co.



Since the last issue new arrivals at the Central Hotel number 74 and at the City Hotel 45.


Fifty teachers were enrolled at the Normal Institute yesterday, the first day, and still they come.


A. A. Jackson accompanied Nickerson (A. T. & S. F.) on his trip from Wichita via Winfield to Eldorado, and returned Saturday last.


The one hundred and seven foot spire of the new M. E. Church is completed. It looks well, Messrs. Hyde and Smiley constructed it.


For ten days Winfield dealers have been out of sulky stirring plows and they are getting short of many other things on account of the railroad strike.


Prof. L. B. Kellogg, of Emporia, made his appearance in our city on Tuesday evening. He is assisting the board of examiners at the Normal.


Miss Hannah Fletcher, who has been visiting old acquaintances in this vicinity for the past few weeks returned to Howard City yesterday.


C. J. Adams will preach in the Baptist Church on Sabbath evening at the usual hour.






Mr. S. W. Greer was knocked momentarily senseless last week by a stone falling from the hand of a son who was leading the same upon a wagon. He is recovering from a severe cut in the head.


On Tuesday evening Mr. Chas. E. Stueven, formerly of Wichita, arrived in our city with a new barber's outfit, which he had in running order yesterday morning in the building one door north of J. W. Johnston's furniture store.


We are happy to meet Mr. F. D. Taylor, formerly of Boston, Massachusetts, who arrived in our city a few days since. He comes to Winfield with the intention of permanently locating and engaging in the dry goods and grocery business.


C. S. Thomas, of this city, and R. H. Beardslee, late of Waldron, Illinois, are erecting a large water-power grist mill, with three run of buurs, on the Grouse, near Silverdale. The size of the building is 36 x 40. These gentlemen are experienced millers and will undoubtedly meet with success.


Messrs. Geo. Townsend and James Binner opened the doors of their new saloon, on the corner of Main Street and 8th Avenue, yesterday morning. The neat, clean room, new glassware and pictures, the pleasant and agreeable gentlemen, George and Jim, behind their new and handsome bar, attract considerable attention in that part of the city.


G. H. Crippen, who is handling so many agricultural implements for Harter Bros., was in Kansas City during the strike and threatened riot. He says nothing but the greatest prudence and nerve on the part of law abiding citizens prevented a violent outbreak and that during the last few days the ring leaders of the mob are being quietly picked up by the police and lodged in jail.


DIED. A mournful occurrence befell Spencer Bliss and wife last week. They were on their way back to Winfield from New York State, accompanied by their children, twins, Bertie and Birdie. One sickened and died at Burlington, Iowa. The afflicted parents brought the little corpse with them homeward. At Wichita the other child sickened and died. Thus the afflicted parents brought back to their home the corpses of those who promised to fill it with sunshine. The children were aged 14 months. Every parent will sympathize with the mourners.









The Sabbath school pic-nic at the Brane schoolhouse on the 21st ult. was the largest gathering of the kind held in this vicinity for some time. Four schools were in attendance. Everything passed off in the most pleasant manner. Odessa Sabbath school, the parent of the occasion, on last Sabbath passed resolutions thanking Rev. Rusbridge for the entertaining and useful address delivered at the pic-nic.


Charley Stewart, a ten year old son of Archie Stewart of this place, was struck insensible by a frightened horse in the stall last week. The lad was watering the horse and stumbled as he approached the animal, which occasioned the result. His brave mother ran into the stable and drew the helpless boy away from the perilous position and he was soon restored. A bad cut on the head is the worst visible effect of the blows. Otherwise he seems all right.


List of letters remaining unclaimed in the Post Office at Winfield, Cowley county, Kansas, on the 1st day of August, 1877.


Anderson, Geo.; Buckwalter, W. H.; Boyles, J. M.;

Burns, Wm. D.; Butler, H. B.; Carson, Miss Annie;

Cadwell, James B.; Charles, C. B.; Dixon, Joseph Church;

Eulms, Miss; Elpanara, Mrs. B.; Espy, Eliz; Kofer, Julie E.; Gooale, Elizabeth; Gilland, Wm.; Graham, Eliza A.; Gibson, Lucinda; Hewit, Chancy S.; Hubbard, Geo. W.; Herron, J. S.; Hannah, Mr. Barlow.


Jackson, J. S.; Keely, Lucia; Kenard, Arthur;

Lear, Mrs. Sarah; Kilgore, J.; Magors, W. A.; Morse, N. C.; Mount, M. H.; McRoamer, L. D. H.; Mackey, J. C.; McKimm, Melinda; Meanor, Armstrong; Martin, Ida M.; Nixon, Anne; Prebler, Ab.; Price, Edmund; Stevens, Mrs. Sallie; Smith, Samantha;

Turner, C. R.; Windsor, Elizabeth.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say







THE A. T. & S. F.

The Commonwealth of the 27th ult., says:

"Night before last the switches of Emporia and Newton were turned and spiked by a few of the employees of the A. T. & S. F. R. R., and no trains except passenger trains allowed to pass. When the passenger train from the south yesterday reached Emporia, a committee of employees desired to come to Topeka to lay their grievances before the superintendent.

"The conductor not having authority to pass the men, the train was delayed till that authority could be given him, which was done, and the train came in about on time.

"The committee had an interview with Mr. Morse, the superintendent, and presented their grievances. The officers are reticent as to their nature, but we were informed that no concessions were made. The superintendent stated to the committee that this was no time to consider grievances. At this time their property was valueless to them, and if there should be a strike all they would do would be to close the road to business and await events. The whole subject was, however, talked over in a friendly manner, and an agreement arrived at, the result of which was that the men on the Emporia and Newton division, where the trouble was, have resumed work.

"The free use of the telegraph wires was given to the committee to consult with their colleagues at Emporia, and after the interview closed, a special train was furnished them to return to Emporia.

"The railroad iron for the Florence road, which had been stopped, was allowed to go on, and the completion of that road by the 1st of August is now assured. This, we judge, ends all danger of a strike on this important road. The employees of this road are exceptionally intelligent, and the officers, without making any concessions, have so managed as to retain the good will of the men, and the latter will continue to perform their duties with the feeling that all grievances will be arranged in due time."




The Topeka Blade, of July 27th says:

"A thousand stand of Springfield rifles, with one hundred thousand cartridges, have been received by Gov. Anthony. The arms and ammunition that have been stored in the old armory were quietly removed last night to a place of safety. The old canon has been dismantled to prevent its falling into wrong hands."



We have this day (August 1st, 1877) associated with us as a partner, Mr. Warren Gillelen. All persons owing the firm previous to this new connection are requested to settle as speedily as possible.

J. B. LYNN & CO.












All persons knowing themselves indebted to Mrs. Philip Stump will please call and settle at once.


Fresh breakfast Bacon and hams at Wallis & Wallis.


Mince pies at the new bakery of Burnett & Cuttler.





Cars were run to Eldorado July 31.


The remains of Gen. Custer, Col. Cook, Lieut. Riley, and Dr. De Woolf arrived in Chicago August 1.



On Saturday last, by a trick, T. K. Johnston, of this place, was made chairman of the Republican Central Committee of this county. Less than one half of the members of the committee were present in person and only five of those who were present voted to name Mr. Johnston as its chairman.

The committee consists of twenty-two members, one from each township in the county. Mr. Sam Jarvis, the late chairman, has moved out of the county. The committee had been called together by the Secretary and it was understood by the committee that Mr. Chas. Eagin, of Rock, should be named as its chairman. Everybody seemed satisfied with that choice and no other result was expected. But in a clandestine manner certain parties had been sent to different members of the committee and obtained their proxies. In every case of which we have heard that any choice for chairman was expresed by the committeeman himself on giving his proxy, that expression was adverse to Mr. Johnston. But these proxies, disregarding their instructions, voted for the very man they were instructed to vote against.

Aside from the sneaking manner in which this outrage upon the Republican party of Cowley county was perpetrated, the disgrace of putting a vicious Democrat like Johnston at the head of a Republican committee must fall heavily upon the men who are responsible for it. Mr. Johnston has never voted or worked with the Republicans of this county. He has persistently fought the party and voted against its candidates. If he took a fancy to a particular man on the ticket, he would vote for such only. For six years he has tried to break down the Winfield COURIER, and to build up the Cowley County Telegram. The one has been a consistant Republican journal, the other has been everything but Republican and is now a square-toed Democratic paper.

The COURIER, during that time, has had two different proprietors--Mr. Waddell and Mr. Kelly--and three different editors, Messrs. Waddell, Kelly, and Manning.

Last fall we were informed by some of his friends that Johnston voted for Tilden against Hayes and for Martin against Anthony, and for Crawford against Ryan and for other Democratic candidates. He was to have been the first lieutenant in Bill Hackney's company that was going to help inagurate Tilden with bayonets. He has always been a chief counsellor in the camp of the Democrats of this county and can say and has said who they should or should not nominate as candidates, when their conventions should be held and when not. And now, if he can nominate such men in the Republican convention as he desires, the Democrats will not make any other nominations but will ratify the selections he makes. Every step taken by Republicans in party matters will be reported by him to his associate managers of the Democratic party.

His favorite political journal during the presidential controversy last winter was the Kansas City Times. He has never given a Republican journal in the county any business or countenance but has given all his business to the Democratic journal. And it is a man of these inclinations and with this kind of a record who was put at the head of the Republican


Of course, if a man wants to be a Democrat, it is his right, but he has no business in the counsels of the Republican party. The members of the Republican Central Committee should assemble in person and repudiate this outrage. The job was put up for the purpose of getting the advantage of the Republicans of Cowley. Johnston and his counsellors will run both party machines; and if the Republicans do not dance to their music, then the Democratic forces will be rallied.

The duty of the COURIER is plain in a case like this. It cannot be silent and see the party to which it owes fealty betrayed. It would not be worthy the confidence of Republicans if it did so. Hence we are compelled to say that this movement has the appearance of a trade among certain politicians. Johnston and his huckstering Democratic associates have agreed that the Democrats shall not run anyone against George Walker as a candidate for Sheriff and it was three or four men who are pushing George ahead as the Republican nominee who put Johnston where he could command the forces of both parties. This high-handed outrage will find little else than stern repudiation among the Republicans of this county.










Did not General Sherman speak the truth when he said, a little while ago, that without an army the American people would become a mob? We have the mob today. It would be a greater one if the army were smaller. If there was no army, the mob would rule. If one does not know what mob rule means, let the history of the French Revolution be studied. Gen. Sherman was very nearly a prophet. Let him be honored in his own country.

Kansas Tribune.


The Eldorado Times says: "On Wednesday evening, while parties were blasting in the coal oil territory, south of town, the last blast set the gas on fire escaping from the crevices of the rock which blazed up twenty feet high for some minutes. This is the best indication yet of a genuine coal oil discovery."


It is singular how a dangerous emergency inspires respect for a soldier. And then to think that a cowardly Democratic Congress so crippled and refused to provide for the little handful of blue-coats, that they have to give their obligations and submit themselves until a future Congress shall pay them their $13 a month! Who has more cause to strike than the soldiers of the United States?





Charley Stevens is living in town now.

Spencer Bliss is still confined to the house by sickness.

Hotel arrivials for the week ending August 8th: Central Hotel, 65; City Hotel, 53.

L. Shamleffer, of Council Grove, is stopping temporarily in Winfield.

The five thousand dollar damage suit instituted against

A. H. Green by J. E. Searle has been withdrawn.

Mr. L. B. Riggs, of Emporia, has been in town a few days this week looking after the interests of the Emporia railroad.

Nate Robinson has put a two-horse hack on his mail route from here to Eldorado. It runs daily to the railroad: fare, $3.50.

While out hunting one day last week, Mr. F. D. Taylor was shot in the left hand by the accidental discharge of his shot gun.

There is no opposition in Elk county to the bonds for our east and west road. The proposition will surely carry and the road will be built.










The dwelling house that John Roberts built for his intended and then did not occupy was moved to town this week, drawn by six mules and six horses.

We were happy to meet Mrs. E. C. Boyle, of Augusta, on Monday. She has been visting friends, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Bangs, in this city a few days of the past week.

Two different companies, in which the Courthouse has been insured, have failed and the county has lost the insurance money. T. K. Johnston was the agent who wrote up the policies.

The Republicans of the county may expect to see the call for a Republican convention in the Telegram, the private and official organ of the man who is acting as chairman of the Republican Central Committee.

Dr. and Mrs. J. O. Houx left this morning for Columbus, this State. The Dr. will return in about ten days, while his wife will remain there visiting her father, Mr. S. A. Weir, during a portion of the coming fall and winter.

Sam Myton has a new fangled grain drill on exhibition in front of his store that seems to beat everything heretofore in-

vented. It is called "The Best." It is no kin to our sewing machine man. He sows (sews) where he does not reap; it does not.

W. C. Root & Co., the new firm which purchased T. E. Gilleland;s business and stock, has arrived and taken possession. They will endeavor to keep on hand a stock of the very best boots and shoes manufactured, and will sell the same at the lowest prices.

Winfield Courier, August 9, 1877.

At this week's meeting of the county board, Mr. M. L. Robinson was appointed Trustee of Winfield township in place of J. S. Hunt, resigned. P. Hedges was appointed constable of Tisdale township, and G. H. Norman was appointed Clerk of Maple township.

The County Commissioners, having been presented with the necessary petition, called an election to vote on the question of issuing $120,000 bonds to the Emporia Narrrow Gauge road. It will be held on the 18th of September. The proclamation will appear in next week's paper.

Next Sabbath the new M. E. Church building of this place will be formally dedicated to the worship of the Lord. The occasion promises to be one of unusual interest. Rev. C. C. McCabe, famed throughout the United States for his eloquence and melody, will be among the noted personages present. Rev. C. C. Pomeroy of Emporia, Rev. A. H. Walter, Presiding Elder of this district, and other divines will participate in the ceremonies. The new church is the finest structure of the kind in this State south and west of Lawrence. It is a proud monument to the enterprise of its founders and a worthy tribute from human hands to the worship of "Him who doeth all things well." The congregation on that occasion will test the accommodating capacity of the elegant building.




JAKE MUSGROVE, of South Haven, visited Winfield this week. Jake is an old time resident of this place. Like a sensible man, he took one of Winfield's fairest girls to his side a few years ago and went down on the border to do and dare for him and his. He now owns many broad acres, counts his harvest yield by the thousands of bushels, has cattle, mules, and horses by the hundreds, takes the COURIER and pays for it, votes the Republican ticket, and is fat and happy.


A FRAUD. The press of the State will bear witness that the COURIER has given space to few if any of the humbug advertisements that are constantly sent to publishers. But we have been sold by one. L. Dresser, 307 N. Seventh St., St. Louis, Mo., by very flattering representations got us to insert

his ad., $20 American Watches for $10." He agreed to pay therefor on receipt of the first copy of paper containing ad. The ad ran two months and no pay yet. Of course, he is a fraud and his wares are the same or he would not lie about paying his bills.


A SQUIRT. The look of astonishment on the county commissioners' faces was as good as the side show of a circus. This was when T. K. Johnston presented a formal written document to the board directing how the county should be divided into commissioner districts and signed "T. K. Johnston, Chairman of the Republican Central Committee of Cowley County." The law directs how a county shall be divided, and a citizen might make suggestions; but just how the "chairman" of a political committee could "officially" give directions or make suggestions in a matter of this kind was a stunner. He will probably formulate the programme for the coming dedication and sign it "officially."


Mr. J. J. Todd, living four and half miles east of this city, has one of the largest and finest peach orchards we ever had the pleasure of visiting. In setting out, three years ago, the trees were placed equal distance apart upon about fifteen acres of ground, which has been kept in good order since. The trees are now sufficiently large to afford an excellent shade while passing through the orchard, where scarcely a weed is to be seen, and are laden with the most luscious fruit. He also has an apple orchard of seven hundred trees, all of which are thrifty and fine looking, some bearing lightly this year. His large blackberry patch yielded more fruit than he could possibly find time to gather. His vineyard also looks fine. The vines are all drooping to the ground, so heavily laden are they with fruit. The yield will be something near two thousand pounds of the finest varieties of grapes.



The following are the teachers attending the Cowley County Normal.

Winfield. Misses Ella C. Davis, Mary Pontious, Fannie Pontious, Miss C. Johnson, Alice Pyburn, Lusetta Pyburn, Mattie E. Minihan, Lissie Sumners, Mattie E. Walters, Rachel E. Nauman, Alie Klingman, Alice A. Aldrich, Genie Holmes, Ella E. Scott, Ella Hunt, Ella Wickersham, Emma Saint, Mollie Bryant, Ella Freeland, Maggie Stansbury, Amy Robertson, Lizzie Kinne, Sarah Hodges, Jennie Hare, Sallie Levering, Effie Randall, Sarah E. Davis, Ina Daniels; Messrs. O. S. Record, Frank Starwalt, M. H. Marcum, J. D. Hunt, J. A. Rupp, C. C. Holland, J. B. Freeland, N. N. Winton, A. B. Taylor.

Arkansas City. Misses Lizzie Landis, Mattie F. Mitchell, Ella Grimes, Albertine Maxwell, Belle Birdzell, Flora Finley, Kate Hawkins, Stella Barnett, Mary A. Pickett, Tillie Kennedy, Anna O. Wright; Messrs. B. F. Marich, E. R. Thompson, J. F. Hess.

Dexter. Misses Alpha Hardin, Viola Hardin, Sarah J. Hoyt, Rettie Landis; Mr. T. J. Rood.

Tisdale. Misses Gertrude Davis, Sarah Davis.

Cedarvale. Miss Martha J. Thompson; Mr. S. T. Hockett.

Oxford. Miss Veva Walton.

New Salem. Miss Sallie Bovee.

Red Bud. Mrs. Belle Seibert; Mr. H. S. Bush.

Lazette. Miss Kate Fitzgerald.





The New Commissioner Districts.

Some townships having been elected since the last division of this county into commissioner districts, it became necessary to redistrict the county, which the commissioners proceeded to do as follows last Tuesday. At the next election district number one elects a commissioner to serve for one year, district two for two years, and district three for three years.

District No. 1: Population in townships.

Winfield ......... 1,444

Rock ............. 737

Maple ............ 408

Ninnescah ........ 341

Vernon ........... 593

Beaver ........... 477

Total: 4,000








District No. 2: Population in townships.

Bolton ........... 731

Creswell ......... 1,052

Pleasant Valley .. 435

Liberty .......... 425

Silverdale ....... 403

Spring Creek ..... 223

Cedar ............ 275

Otter ............ 527

Total: 4,071

District No. 3: Population in townships.

Dexter ........... 616

Tisdale .......... 503

Sheridan ......... 373

Windsor .......... 582

Silvercreek ...... 338

Richland ......... 710

Omnia ............ 188

Harvey ........... 341

Total: 3,651










Winfield Courier, August 9, 1877.

The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad has arranged with the various railroad lines in the country for special round trip rates to the Rocky Mountains, and has secured the following rates to Denver, Colorado Springs, Canon City, Pueblo, and return.

From Kansas City and Atchison, $45; St. Louis, $50; Chicago, $65; Quincy, $50; Cincinnati, $65; Buffalo, $75, and correspondingly low rates from all points east, north, and south. These tickets are good for 90 days, and to stop at all stations west of the Missouri river. Tickets are on sale at all principal stations throughout the country. This is the new route to Denver through the garden of Kansas and Colorado. Send for maps, circulars, time tables, etc., to


Gen. Pass. Agent,





The Tax Levy.

The county commissioners have been in session this week, and among other things done by them the annual tax levy was made. Below we give the levy. The school district tax is not given, because that cannot be known until the annual school meetings are held, which come off today.

State tax 52 mills (Levied by the Legislature).

County tax, general purposes, 6 mills.

County Bond tax, 12 mills.

Beaver township, general tax, 1 mill.

Bolton township, general tax, 1 mill.

Bolton township, bond tax, 33 mills.

Bolton township, road tax, 3 mills.

Creswell township, general tax, 2 mills.

Creswell township, bond tax, 9 mills.

Creswell township, road tax, 3 mills.

Cedar township, general tax, 1 mill.

Dexter township, general tax, 1 mill.

Harvey township, general tax, 1 mill.

Liberty township, general tax, 2 mills.

Maple township, general tax, 2 mill.

Ninnescah township, general tax, 1 mill.

Omnia township, general tax, 1 mill.

Otter township, general tax, 1 mill.

Pleasant Valley township, general tax, 1 mill.

Richland township, general tax, 1 mill.

Rock Creek township, general tax, 1 mill.

Spring Creek township, general tax, 2 mills.

Silver Creek township, general tax, 1 mill.

Silverdale township, general tax, 1 mill.

Sheridan township, general tax, 1 mill.

Tisdale township, general tax, 1 mill.

Vernon township, road tax, 2 mills.

Windsor township, general tax, 1 mill.

Winfield township, general township, 1 mill.

Winfield township, bond tax, 6 mills.







To the Republicans of Cowley County:

I hereby announce myself as a Candidate for the office of Sheriff of Cowley county, subject to the decision of the Republican Nominating Convention, and I pledge myself to abide by the decision of that Convention.


Tisdale, Kansas, Aug. 7, 1877.





Township Board's Notice for Proposals for Bridge Building.

To all whom it may concern:

Notice is hereby given that sealed proposals will be received by the Township Board of the township of Winfield, in the county of Cowley, State of Kansas, until the hour of 10 o'clock a.m., on Friday, the 17th day of August, A. D. 1877, for the construction of two bridges across the Walnut river, in said township at the following points, to-wit: One on the C. S. Smith county road, and one at the site of the old bridge on the W. S. Voris county road. Proposals for the building of such bridges must be accompanied with complete plans and specifications of the same (including the kind and quality of materials to be used in the construction of each material part thereof) and must state the price to be charged therefore in the bonds of said township at par value, and the difference, if any, between this and the price which would be charged therefor in cash.

Each and all of such proposals must be filed in the office of the clerk of said township in the city of Winfield, and be accompanied by a bond in an amount equal to double the proposed cost of such bridge with sureties to the approval of said board, conditioned for the faithful execution of the proposed work and the carrying into effect by the bidder, of any and all contracts entered into by him with said township, in reference to the building of such bridge or bridges.

The board reserves the right to reject any and all bids.

J. S. HUNT, Trustee.

E. S. BEDILION, Township Clerk.







The Republican voters of Cowley county are hereby notified that there will be a delegate convention of Republicans to be held at the Courthouse in the city of Winfield on Saturday, Sept. 22nd, 1877, at 11 o'clock A.M., for the purpose of nominating one Sheriff, one County Clerk, one Register of Deeds, one Treasurer, one County Surveyor, one Coroner.

Also one Commissioner each for districts No. 1, 2, and 3, to be nominated by the delegates from their respective districts.

The following is the representation each township is entitled to in the convention as fixed by the Central Committee, at their meeting Aug. 4th, 1877.

Beaver, Cedar, Harvey, Liberty, Maple, Ninnescah, Omnia, Otter, Pleasant Valley, Silver Creek, Sheridan, Spring Creek, Silverdale, Tisdale, two delegates.

Bolton, Dexter, Rock Creek, Richland, Vernon, Windsor, three delegates.

Creswell, four delegates.

Winfield, six delegates.

It is recommended by the committee that the primary meetings for the election of delegates be held on Saturday, Sept. 15, 1877, at 2 o'clock p.m., at the usual place of voting in each township, except in townships where there are two voting precincts, in which case the place of meeting may be designated by the Chairman of the Township Committee, except further that in Winfield and Creswell townships said primaries will be held at 1 o'clock p.m.

CHAS. H. EAGIN, Secretary.



From every township in the county the earnest Republicans protest against the action of a few committeemen who attempted to make T. K. Johnston chairman of the Republican Central Committee. The significance of the movement is too apparent and the outrage too flagrant to be passed unnoticed. As will be seen by a card elsewhere a majority of the committee refuse to recognize the action taken by that minority as binding upon the committee and have united in a request to the secretary to call a convention. In pursuance of that request he has issued a call which appears elsewhere.





Endeavoring always to state the truth in the COURIER and willing at all times to correct misstatements, we now say: that having in last week's paper, said, under the head of "An Outrage"

"In every case in which we have heard that any choice for chairman was expressed by the committeeman himself on giving his proxy, that expression was adverse to Mr. Johnston. But these proxies, disregarding their instructions, voted for the very man they were instructed to vote against."

Our information being second hand at that time was only partially true. These are the facts: Mr. Wooley instructed the party to whom he gave his proxy to cast the vote for Chas. Eagin for chairman. Mr. Vanorsdol says that he instructed his proxy against Mr. Johnston; Mr. Norman was known by the person to whom he gave his proxy to be opposed to the putting of Johnston into that important position. His instructions were: "McDermott first, Eagin next."



We, the undersigned members of the Republican County Central Committee, believing that the election of T. K. Johnston as chairman of said committee does not represent the wishes of the Republican party of this county and that said election was by a minority of the Committee do hereby disapprove of and repudiate the same, and hereby request the Secretary, Chas. H. Eagin, to publish the call for a county convention at the time and in accordance with the order of the Committee made at the meeting held on the 4th of August, 1877.

P. Stout, Ninnescah Tp.

W. H. Gilliard, Omnia Tp.

J. O. Vanorsdol, Richland Tp.

Wm. B. Norman, Maple Tp.

L. L. Newton, Harvey Tp.

A. P. Brooks, Silver Creek Tp.

B. H. Clover, Windsor Tp.

H. C. McDorman, Dexter Tp.

R. P. Goodrich, Spring Creek Tp.

W. A. Metcalf, Cedar Tp.

C. W. Roseberry, Beaver Tp.

I unite with the committee in protesting against and repudiating the attempt to elect Mr. T. K. Johnston as chairman of the Committee.

CHAS. H. EAGIN, Rock Tp.





When the Republican Central Committee was in session on the 4th inst., someone moved to have the proceedings and call published in the Republican papers of the county, and T. K. Johnston instinctively, and forgetting the company he was in, suggested that they be published in the Cowley County Telegram," the Democratic organ.


Nez Perce Indians.

The Nez Perce Indians in Montana Territory were attacked August 9th by Col. Gibbon, U. S. A., and about 180 men. The Indians were victorious, killing and wounding more than half of the command and capturing all their horses.



When Republicans see a sidewalk politician going in and out at T. K. Johnston's Democratic headquarters, they should spot him. Such men are in the ring whose purpose is to surrender the Republican party of Cowley to the Democrats. They expect to accomplish by intrigue and strategy that which cannot be done by reason and numbers.



Every year heretofore at this season there has been great bustle and activity in the Democratic and Reform political camps of this county. Not so now. The Democratic leaders are hid in the fence corners watching the result of T. K. Johnston's effort to manipulate the Republican party in their interest. If he succeeds, they will fall into line. If the Republicans shake him off, then will the call "to arms and reform" be sounded.



The Leavenworth Times, August 9th, contains an infamous suggestion which counsels electing a legislature that will pass a law enabling counties to repudiate their railroad bond indebtedness. Leavenworth city has made unwise and foolish efforts to concentrate railroads there in its strife for commercial supremacy on the Missouri river. Having overreached itself, it would disgrace the whole State in an effort to escape its own folly.




Silver Creek Heard From.

At a meeting of the Republican voters of Silver Creek township, Cowley county, held August 11th, 1877, Mr. J. P. McDaniel was chosen chairman, and A. P. Brooks, secretary of the meeting.

On motion Mr. A. P. Brooks was elected chairman of the township Republican committee, and as the member of the Republican County Central Committee from this township in place of S. M. Jarvis.

The remaining members of the township central committee not being known, Z. W. Hoge and James Goforth were elected as the remaining members of the township committee.

The Republicans of this township feeling themselves outraged by the selection of a Democrat to the position of chairman of the Republican Central Committee of this county adopted the following:

Resolved, That we, the Republicans of Silver Creek township, do most earnestly protest against the action of the Central Committee in electing T. K. Johnston as chairman and recommend that the secretary of said committee issue a call for a county convention in accordance with the call agreed upon.

Resolved, That we deny the righht of any individual or individuals not residents of this township to say who shall represent it as a member of the County Central Committee.

Resolved, That the Republican party is composed of the bone, a sinew of the county, and they are able to take care of themselves.

J. P. McDaniel, Chairman.

A. P. Brooks, Secretary.







The M. E. Church Free From Debt.

On Sunday last in the new stone church one of the largest audiences that ever met in Winfield congregated to help dedicate the new and imposing edifice to the good of man and the glory of God.

C. R. Pomeroy, D. D., of Emporia; C. C. McCabe, D. D., of Chicago; Presiding Elder Walters, of Wichita; J. E. Fox, P. E. at Hutchinson; Rev. J. Kirby, and Rev. J. P. Harson, of Wichita; Rev. H. J. Walker, Wellington; Rev. J. W. Stewart, Oxford; Reverends B. C. Swarts, Arkansas City; E. Nance, Maple City;

____ Long, of Tisdale; W. H. McCamey, of Dexter; J. E. Platter,

C. J. Adams, P. Lahr, and J. L. Rusbridge, pastor, of Winfield, assisted in the labors of the day.

Chaplain McCabe spoke for an hour to an attentive and interested audience, pointing in forcible and glowing terms to the work of the church, the needs of our people, the dangers to our Republic, and the saving power of religion in matters of dollars and cents, of bread and butter. True is it, as he said, that the demon of intemperance finds its most untiring and relentless antagonist in the church of Christ. As a social, a political, an economical, and an educational investment, our church capital is productive beyond all other investments.

The sermon of the morning was followed by a statement from Mr. Rusbridge concerning the financial condition of the M. E. Church of Winfield. A building had been erected at an expense of $7,000, of which some three thousand dollars remained unpaid. The work of this day, the prefatory exercises of the dedication, was to raise the sum of twenty-five hundred dollars, which would practically cancel the immense debt of the church and free the building from all incumbrances.

At this announcement from Mr. Rusbridge, the hearts of the most hopeful failed them, and few felt that the work of this day would remove this immense burden. In a few minutes contributions and subscriptions began to pour in. One hundred dollars was reached--then five hundred, and soon a thousand had been subscribed, and then the hopes of all grew stronger, and the purses of the many grew liberal, while rich and poor, male and female, saint and sinner, gave of their means to aid the noble cause. By the close of the morning services about eight hundred dollars had been given. At the afternoon exercises a few hundred more was given, and at night the entire amount of twenty-five hundred dollars was reached, and then the audience rose up and sang that grand old song, "Praise God from whom all Blessings Flow." The work was done! The church was free! The service of dedication was finished, and the people departed to their homes proud of the beautiful edifice which adorns our city, but prouder still of that generosity and liberality which adorns the hearts and minds of our enterprising citizens.

Of the music, of the songs, of the sermons, of the vast crowd assembled, we say nothing, as the entire city seemed to have been present and to enjoy the occasion, and so our readers need no comments upon these matters.

An elegant silver set for communion service, presented by

F. M. Friend, and a fine clock from Will Hudson were among the donations.

The building is 40 x 80 feet in size, with an arched ceiling 27 feet high. It is beautiful in outline and harmonious in its appointments.




Thanks to D. Reed for ripe peaches.

Hay put in the stack for $3.00 per ton.

A new house on 9th Avenue by Geo. W. Martin.

The County Normal has seventy teachers as pupils.

New residence by Capt. Stevens on Millington Street.

Frank Williams new hotel will open about August 27.

Judge McDonald's wife is visiting relatives in Denver.



The high water has made havoc with the dam at Bliss' mill.

A nice new residence on south Mansfield street by F. S. Jennings.

Dr. Thompson, a true blue Republican of Tisdale, called Tuesday.

The big stone store is fast approaching completion for J. B. Lynn & Co.

Two new residences by B. F. Baldwin, one on 5th and the other on 8th street.

Tom Wright has returned from the Shot Creek mines. He made the trip on foot.

The little toads which are so thick just now are the natural enemy of chinch bug.

Hotel arrivals for the week ending August 15th, numbering as follows: Central Hotel, 78; City Hotel, 55.

Mrs. L. A. McRaw, of Winfield, Kansas, is in the city visiting her son, Mr. Charles Prall. Kansas City Mail.

Col. J. C. McMullen and family, of Arkansas City, were up to Winfield last Sabbath to attend the dedication.

The contract has been let, to T. A. Wilkinson, to erect a new school house in the east end of this school district, No. 1.

Dr. Mansfield has sold his drug store and business. Ira McCommon, clerk at B. F. Baldwin's, takes charge of the


T. J. Floyd, an old subscriber of the COURIER, of Areanum, Ohio, has come to Cowley county to live, and called upon us last week.

A shotgun, laying in a teamster's wagon, in front of Brotherton & Silvers, was accidentally discharged last Friday. 'Twas a wonder no candidates were hit.

The tax levied at the annual school meeting in this district is as follows: Teachers' wages, 8 mills; incidental expenses, 32 mills; for new school hours in Kings neighborhood, 12 mills.

Prof. L. B. Kellogg, of Emporia, will address the teachers and citizens Friday evening at the Courthouse on "Education for the People." Free to all. Give him a house full.

J. H. Wood, of Wellsburg, New York, brother-in-law of

L. J. Webb, called upon us this week. Like all newcomers, he is delighted with Cowley county and thinks of becoming a citizen thereof.

Criminal and civil suits are brought against Hoover Gibson, of Sheridan township, for being the prospective sire of offspring outside of his own family. A girl of sixteen makes the complaint.



The ladies propose to "strike" next Tuesday evening and get no supper. To relieve the distress occasioned by this movement, the Ladies' Aid Society, of the Presbyterian church, will furnish supper to the famishing community at Williams' new building for 25 cents.


John Hoenscheidt, of Eureka, Kansas, has placed us under obligations for an elegant map of Greenwood county, accompanied with a plat of Eureka and engraving of the city, courthouse, and school house. The plats and designs are all the workmanship of Mr. Hoenscheidt, who is a first class architect, surveyor, and civil engineer.


The COURIER changes hands Sept. 1st. The present publisher wants to collect everything due up to that date. Quite a number of those who owe for the paper responded to last week's notices. There are a good many back yet. Over six hundred dollars are due us from subscribers in sums varying from ten cents to $3.35. The amounts are small to them, but the amount is large to us.


The annual meeting of school district No. 1 was, we hear, rather slimly attended. Rev. J. E. Platter was elected director for the ensuing term. A tax of 13 mills was levied for school purposes for the present year. The number of children in the district of school age is 345. During the last year $700.12 has been paid out in excess of amount in treasurer's hands, the same drawing an interest of $57.71. The sum paid to teachers was $1,800.00. For the present year one teacher gets $90, one $45, and two $40 each, a month.


Hon. Levi Wilson, of Leavenworth, has the contract for furnishing 532,000 lbs. flour to the Cheyenne Agency, Indian Territory, at $4.03 per cwt.


The Rose Hill & Walnut Valley nursery, which is supplying everybody in this county with trees, shrubs, and vines of all kinds, and for which W. B. Trissell is agent, has become one of our Cowley county institutions. Owing to a crowd of matter their ad is left out this week. It will appear next week.





For Sheriff.

I hereby announce myself as candidate for the office of Sheriff of Cowley county, subject to the decision of the Republican county convention.

A. T. SHENNEMAN, Vernon Township.





Instead of E. C. Manning, Publisher, paper now shows...



The "COURIER" Company.





The Republican voters of Cowley county are hereby notified that there will be a delegate convention of the Republican party to be held at the Courthouse, in the city of Winfield, on Saturday, September 22nd, 1877, at 11 o'clock, a.m., for the purpose of nominating the following officers:

One Sheriff, one County Clerk, one Register of Deeds, one Treasurer, one County Surveyor, one Coroner.

Also one Commissioner each for districts 1, 2, and 3, to be nominated by the delegates from their respective districts.

The following is the Representation each township is entitled to in the convention, as fixed by the Central Committee at their meeting Aug. 4th, 1877.

Beaver, Cedar, Harvey, Liberty, Maple, Ninnescah, Omnia, Otter, Pleasant Valley, Silver Creek, Sheridan, Spring Creek, Silverdale, Tisdale, two delegates each.

Bolton, Dexter, Rock Creek, Richland, Vernon, Windsor, three delegates each.

Creswell, four delegates.

Winfield, six delegates.

Total, 56.

It is ordered by the Committee that the primary meetings for the election of delegates be held on Saturday, Sept. 15th, 1877, at 2 o'clock p.m., at the usual places of voting, in each township, except in townships where there are two precincts, in which case the place of meeting shall be designated by the Chairman of the township committee, except further that in Winfield and Creswell townships, said primaries will be held at 1 o'clock p.m.

Let every Republican voter in the county be present at the primary meetings at the hours above designated, in order that a fair and impartial representation may be had in the convention.

By order of the Republican Central Committee.

T. K. JOHNSTON, Chairman.

NOTE: IN THE PREVIOUS ISSUE, COURIER PRINTED ELECTION NOTICE BY CHAS. H. EAGIN, SECRETARY...IT WAS REPEATED IN THIS ISSUE...THE NOTICE GIVEN BY EAGIN AND JOHNSTON WERE MORE OR LESS IDENTICAL EXCEPT EAGIN SAID "It is recommended by the committee that the primary meetings for the election of delegates be held on Saturday, Sept. 15, 1877, etc.," WHEREAS JOHNSTON SAID "It is ordered by the committee, etc.," and added final paragraph: "Let every Republican voter in the county be present at the primary meetings at the hours above designated, in order that a fair and impartial representation may be had in the convention," followed by the line "By order of the Republican Central Committee."






With regret I announce to you my retirement from the COURIER. Twenty-two months ago I became publisher of the paper with the determination to remain with it until the rail-cars should enter our valley and start across the Indian Territory. With what fidelity the paper has labored to that end you all know. The principal obstacles in the way have been removed and you can almost hear the cars whistle. The COURIER during that time has tried to advocate that policy and those measures which seemed best for its readers and for the county at large. Man is fallible. Newspapers controled by men can be no better. Please remember the good and forget the evil it has done.

I had expected to remain with the paper until Sept. 1st prox. Business matters brought the separation sooner. I leave the office as one steps from the threshold of his home. We are all proud of Cowley county; none prouder than I--proud of its resources, proud of its municipal history and reputation, proud of its citizens. It has not been like many new counties, the refuge of criminals and the mother of swindles. The pages of her history are not darkened by the record of any heinous offense. May it ever be thus.

No one instrumentality can so far mould, protect, and preserve that reputation as the press. The prosperity of a county comes from the prosperity of its people. He who, or that which, strikes at their prosperity is its and their normal enemy. An honorable newspaper stands like an armed sentinel on guard, to protect and warn against dangers to its prosperity and blemishes upon its reputation. Such has been the endeavor of the COURIER in the past; such, I believe, will be its endeavor in the future.

As a business enterprise the paper is in a healthy condition. Especially have the businessmen of Winfield given it a hearty support. Its circulation in the county is good and its readers comprise the best men in our little province. For their countenance, counsel, and support in the past, I return earnest thanks for myself and public acknowledgment for the COURIER. For twenty-two months I have dropped in at your firesides once a week--a visitor for good, I hope. In stepping down and out from that important relation, to make room for those who are better and abler for the work, let me utter this exhortation: "Stand by the COURIER and the COURIER will stand by you."






In assuming the management of the COURIER we now make our salaam to you, the people of Cowley county, for it is for your interest that we are to labor and it is to you that we are to look for encouragement and support.

We hope to be able to serve your interests so well that you will help us to make the COURIER a county paper of which you may well be proud, such a paper as you may feel an interest in and call your own.

We shall not pretend, however, that our motives are wholly patriotic, we admit that the idea of bread and butter enters somewhat into our calculations, we even hope that our labor may be so remunerative that our wife and children may have some rather nice looking duds to exhibit in church and Sunday school, in fact we are not entirely free from the disease so epidemic in this country, the desire to make money.

We are, however, well aware that no newspaper can flourish in such a county as this unless the people are prosperous.

We admit, too, that next to ourselves and family the welfare of Winfield lies nearest our heart. When Winfield had scarcely begun to exist, we made it our home and invested our money in it.

Since then we have spent much of our time and money in trying to work up measures for its aggrandizement, and we feel a kind of proprietorship in its success and beauty, far in excess of our actual interest in it, and we intend that the COURIER shall work faithfully to promote all the best interests of this city of our own pride.

But our great field of labor is the whole county, our grand and glorious Cowley, with her twelve thousand industrious and thriving population, her forty-five hundred quarter sections of land rich in everything necessary to make desirable homes for her citizens and future wealth, her sixty thousand acres of wheat, her fifty thousand acres of the most luxuriant growing corn ever seen, with her herds and flocks, her schoolhouses and churches, her improved farms and thriving villages, her virtue and intelligence; here is our work and whatever shall promise advantage to all of the people of the county shall have our chiefest care.

There are many advantages that we need, and that will yet require much hard work, many journeyings and negotiations, much writing and time and anxiety and care, and we shall work with you to secure them.

Our railroads we must have and two if we can get them.

While we shall adhere to our east and west road so long as it is possible that it can be built into our county, we shall advocate the north and south road which is now before the people. In supporting both we do not fear that we shall secure too many or too soon. We ardently hope that neither will fail, but in case of such misfortune we shall work until we secure at least one road and cheap freights to and from eastern markets. When this is accomplished, we shall then truly be on the high road to prosperity.

We shall try to promote the interests of our common school system, of our churches, and of all other societies and organizations that are well calculated to make our people, young or old, more virtuous, more intelligent, more prosperous, better citizens, and happier in all our social relations.

We shall try to run clear of all rings and factions should any such exist, but shall have our own opinions on social, economic, and political questions, and shall express them freely and fearlessly when in our judgment the occasion exists.

In politics we believe in the Republican party, the party of progress and of freedom, the party which has abolished slavery and preserved the integrity of our nation for seventeen years, the most trying and turbulent in the history of our republic, made so by the errors of former Democratic administrations, and which, leaving behind all of the past but its lessons, deals with the living present and looks forward to a grand future.

When that party was first organized, we were of its members, have ever since adhered to its fortunes, and intend to work for its success so long as it shall remain true to its history and traditions and move forward in the course we have described.

We shall try to promote the unity of that party, to harmonize factions, and to keep the party in good working order.

The COURIER shall be eminently a newspaper, containing accounts of all matters of general interest transpiring in our county, with a summary of the news of the state as derived from our exchanges, together with the latest news from all parts of the world.

Everything of general interest that we can make room for will appear in our columns, correspondence, science, and literature each having a reasonable space, and we hope the files of the COURIER will be worthy of preservation as a history of the times in which we live.

Nothwithstanding our many hopes and aspirations for the future of the COURIER, it is with great diffidence we assume its control. We succeed in its charge an experienced newspaper man who has written his name high among the names of Kansas journalists, and has made the COURIER respected throughout the State, and we feel it an undertaking of no small magnitude to sustain its present position, much more to improve it, but with your liberal encouragement and support, we will do what we can.








Our district school board are in negotiation with the trustees of the Presbyterian church with a view to rent the basement of the new church building for school purposes. The church trustees are to finish up the room ready for the furniture and the school board are to make a temporary partition dividing the space into two rooms, and to furnish the rooms. The rent is to be $300 per year. The question of leasing for two years instead of one is not settled at this writing.

We think the school board should not hesitate one moment to engage the room for two years, for it will certainly be as much as two years before new rooms can be built by the district to pay $300 yearly rent than to pay from $500 to $800 yearly interest on the cost of a new schoolhouse. The church basement will be convenient and suitable in every way. It will be warm in winter and cool in summer and be a very pleasant place for the pupils of the two lower grades. We heartily approve of the project.



Our friend, Robert Hudson, has got his divorce. It will be recollected that he had a suit for divorce pending before the District Court of this county for some time which culminated in the refusal of his honor, Judge Campbell, to grant the divorce, but charging him ten dollars per month to be paid to his wife for her support.

Feeling deeply grieved by this decision of the court, he followed in the footsteps of the illustrious Brick Pomeroy, and like him obtain his decree in a probate court of the land of Brigham.

Like Brick, he too accepted the services of a sharp Chicago lawyer, who, for the sum of one hundred dollars, to be deposited in Read's bank to await the result, agreed to obtain for his client a decree of divorce without alimony that would be valid in this or any other state, and be so pronounced by our courts, and when it should have been so procured and tested, Read was to pay over the fees.

The famous Poland bill which passed Congress and became a law, in giving jurisdiction to the territorial courts of Utah, provides that the Probate Courts of Utah in their respective counties shall have jurisdiction of suits for divorce for statutory causes concurrently with the District courts.

The act of the Territorial legislature of Utah relating to bills of divorce provides that "Any person who is a resident of the Territory or wishes to become one, could maintain an action for divorce in that Territory, and "when it shall appear to the satisfaction and conviction of the court that the parties cannot live in peace and union together, and that their welfare requires a separation" then a divorce shall be granted.

Now neighbor Hudson really does wish to become a resident of Utah, and it is really true that he and his wife "cannot live in peace and union together," therefore it was very easy to satisfy and convince a probate judge in Utah of these facts. So having first made the required publication in some Utah newspaper that has a circulation of 150 copies, our Chicago limb of the law presents his evidence and the decree of divorce is granted without alimony. An attested copy of the decree is on deposit at Read's bank awaiting a judicial test in our courts.

Mr. Hudson proposes to refuse payment of the next $10 alimony, which is due Sept. 1st, at which time the District Court will be in session, which will precipitate the test of his divorce which he desires.

We shall leave the matter without expressing an opinion for the court will soon act upon the case.




The convention of County Attorneys at their late meeting at Topeka have given the following answers to legal questions which were propounded to them.

"Neither the people of a school district at an annual meeting, nor the School Board of a district, have the right to appropriate money raised for building purposes to the payment of a judgment against the district.

"County Clerks, in making certificates of final payment on school lands forfeited by the purchasers, have no authority for compounding the interest due.

"If a School District has bonds outstanding, the County Superintendent can divide the district, but the whole territory of the old district will be liable for the old indebtedness.

"The Clerk and Director of a school district cannot call a meeting of the district for the transaction of district business without first notifying the Treasurer.

"Where a school district Treasurer has been re-elected, and fails to give a new bond, and has not been specially requested to do so by the Clerk and director, he is Treasurer until the Superintendent appoints a successor.

"A School Board has no right to employ teachers before the annual meeting in August, such teacher to teach after said meeting.

"In case a bridge is to be built which is to cost more than $1,000 and the county agrees to appropriate $1,000, the delinquent road tax collected, belonging to the township in which said bridge is to be built, cannot be used by said township in completing such bridge.

"Where the cost of the bridge exceeds $1,000, but the excess is raised by private or other means, the County Commissioners can appropriate $1,000 to complete the bridge.

"If trustees fail to furnish, in time, a list of jury names, a legal jury can be drawn from the names furnished."




The R. R. Bond Elections

Will soon be upon us, and the people will again be asked to deposit their ballots either for or against the proposition to take $100,000 stock in the Memphis & Ellsworth railroad, which proposes to run through our county east and west through Longton, Elk Falls, and Greenfield townships. The bonds will, beyond a doubt, be carried, but it is well that all who favor to be on hand on election day and see that the assurance is made doubly sure. The election takes place on Tuesday, the 28th inst.

Howard City Courant.




The piers for the bridge across the Walnut are nearly completed. Had it not been for the high waters, the bridge would have been completed by this time. Augustta Gazette.

Had it not been for the high water, the bridge would not have been built at all.



The only acknowledgement by Manning that Millington has taken over control of the COURIER appears on the "Personals" page of the August 23, 1877, issue.

To Courier Readers.

All subscribers to the COURIER who are in arrears for subscription will please settle the same up to September 1st, 1877, on my account. Mr. D. A. Millington, at the COURIER office, will receive the same for me for the next thirty days. Accounts not paid at that time will be left with an attorney for collection.


August 23rd, 1877.





This year's wheat crop will reach 750,000 bushels.

Miss Nellie Barnard, of Wellington, visited Winfield last week.

Mr. C. S. Thomas, of the City hotel, took a trip to Wichita the first of the week.

Sid Major and wife visited friends in the vicinity of Arkansas City during last week.

The school board has taken a lease of the basement of the Presbyterian church for two years.

Rev. C. J. Adams was too ill to preach last Sabbath.

Messrs. Simpson and Stewart have the contract to build the piers and abutments of the new iron bridges.

Hotel arrivals, in this city, for the week ending August 22, 1877, number as follows: Central, 51; City, 40.

Cowley county will produce this year a million and a half bushels of corn. Never before was the corn crop so promising.

The ground is in splendid condition for seeding with wheat. The breadth of land to be sown this fall will probably reach 65,000 acres.

Mr. D. A. Millington will lecture before the teachers and citizens at the Courthouse on Friday evening next. Subject: Prairie and Forest Fires.

The boys in the office are under obligations for several very fine peaches which were tossed through an open window by Mr. J. D. Cochran, our city marshal.

A game of base ball is to be played, five miles west of this city, on Saturday, September 1st, between the Grasshoppers, of Vernon, and the Modocs, of Belle Plaine.

A picnic will be given in Marshal's grove, on the Arkansas river, in this county, on Friday, August 31st, by the Aurora Sunday School, of Vernon township. All are invited.



Rev. J. L. Rusbridge is going east to be absent a few weeks and recruit after his months of arduous lobor in building a church and raising the funds to pay for it, in addition to his regular pastoral duties.


Read Prof. Jones' professional card in another column. The Prof. is a first class workman and you can always depend on what he tells you.






House, Sign, and Carriage Painting, Graining and Papering.

Office under Read's Bank, Winfield, Kansas.


Now we get the answer to who is handling paper...

THE COURIER COMPANY is composed of D. A. Millington, James Kelly, and A. B. Lemmon, who will jointly edit and conduct the business of the COURIER. Job work, subscriptions and advertisements are respectfully solicited.


Harter, Harter & Co. have taken a contract to supply the Cheyenne, Comanches, and Wichita Indians with flour. This will make a home market for a large quantity of wheat and save a large amount of hauling to Wichita.






There is to be a meeting at the Vernon Center schoolhouse, in Vernon township, on Saturday evening, August 25th, to form a secret organization for protection against horse-thieves. If the originators of the movment desire secrecy, they must not tell about it to a COURIER man.


Our Cowley county readers in going to Independence should take the hack line at this place and go by Sedan thence to Independence by daily stage. At Sedan they will find good hotel accommodation at the Great Western, kept by a Cowley county man, Capt. H. W. Stubblefield.


Mr. "Tuck" Southard, with the Baird Bros., at Winfield, was in our city last week. He reports the Bairds as prosperous. Also, Wm. C. Robinson, as great a Sunday School worker as ever, and very popular; and Mr. T. E. Gilleland as having sold out his boot and shoe business and going into clothing. All prospering.

Independence Courier.



The Normal Institute still increases in interest and in the number of teachers in attendance. An accession of five has been made this week, and the total number in attendance reaches seventy-five. It is really exhilarating to meet fifty neatly dressed, bright looking, jolly schoolmarms on the narrow sidewalk everytime one goes to dinner.


The new Presbyterian Church will be dedicated on the 3rd Sunday in September if nothing occurs to prevent. President Anderson, of the Agricultural College at Manhattan, is expected to be present and take part in the exercises. The directors intend to raise the funds to supply the deficiency by private subscription before the day of dedication.


ALMOST A RUNAWAY. Last Sunday afternoon as a gentleman and lady from Arkansas City were leaving the hotel in a buggy, one of the horses began kicking and trying to run. Several gentlemen endeavored to stop them, but without success, until John H. Rearick boldly ran in, caught the unruly one by the bridle, and brought them to a full stop. Mr. Rearick certainly deserves great credit for averting what would undoubtedly have been a serious affair.


The festival given by the Presbyterian ladies, to raise funds to carpet the new Presbyterian church, came off on Tuesday evening at the new palace building of Mr. Frank Williams. Everybody was there with his wife, baby, sweetheart, brother, uncle, and mother-in-law, as Short says, "to get one good square meal." The way the loads of two-story biscuits, pressed hash, chickens, grapes, ice cream, peaches, cake, etc., disappeared was wonderful. Everyone said a great many smart things and joined in the general merriment. Altogether it was one of the most enjoyable occasions that Winfield has ever seen. The receipts reached $90.


Mr. Daniel Read, who lives on upland prairie land, in Tisdale township, two and one half miles west of New Salem schoolhouse, has a farm and an experience in Cowley county that shows what an energetic man can do. He settled there six years ago. Two years ago he became a little discouraged and went to California for a new location. He thought that no improvement on this county and in seven months was back upon his place in this county.

He has 320 eight-year-old bearing apple trees, 850 bearing peach trees, many of them the choicest varieties, one acre of blackberries, three acres of cottonwood trees, 1,800 in all, some of them thirty feet high. This grove he used for a hog and stock lot, and it contains a large artificial pond of water. He has sixty acres of fine corn and raised this year considerable other crops. Twenty months ago, on his return from California, he purchased a six-months-old pig for $3.50 and from that start in hogs he now has seven brood sows and altogether thirty hogs, and has twenty-five dollars worth besides. He is now selling peaches from his orchard and has had ripe peaches for four weeks. He has been in twenty-one different states of the Union and considers this section the best country for a man of moderate means that he ever saw. Some specimens of Early Amburge peaches from his orchard are before us as we write.




The Bridges.

The township board of Winfield township have let the contract to build the bridges across the Walnut river to the King Bridge Co. for the sum of $7,000.

Several styles of bridges were presented in the bids and specifications and the board selected therefrom King's best and strongest style of patent tubular wrought iron bridges.

The cost is $600 more than it would have been had one of the lighter styles been selected, but the board have done well in selecting the best.

The South bridge is to be of one span of 150 feet, and the abutments are to be taken down 13 feet, rebuilt, and raised 6 feet higher than before, and is to be completed ready for travel on or before the 27th of next October.

The West bridge is to have a main span 120 feet, an east approach span 60 feet, a west approach span 30 feet, two stone piers 30 feet above low water, and one stone abutment, the whole to be completed by the 17th of November next.

The bridges are to be paid for with the bonds authorized by our late election so far as they go and the balance by private subscriptions, of which nearly the necessary amount is already pledged.

The specifications on file are very voluminous and minute, leaving no loophole, so far as we can see, for a misunderstanding with the contractors or for slighting the work. Everything necessary to a perfect and substantial job seems to have been specified.

We opposed the bonds at the election because we did not believe we were able to build both bridges, and feeling that the South bridge was most important we desired that it alone should be undertaken. It now looks as though we were mistaken and that both will be built in a short time, and we are prepared to give those who have labored so effectually to this end due credit for all the success that shall be achieved.




That Accident.

The following account of a most painful accident, which will interest a good many people in Cowley county, where the unfortunate young man lived and was well known, we copy from the Black Hills Daily Times.

"Just as the miners, who are working claim No. 11, Deadwood Gulch, above discovery, owned by James Burns, were leaving their work for noon today (August 9th), a fatal accident occurred in the following manner: Two men had been raised out of the shaft, forty-five feet deep by six feet square, in one bucket, and while two others, John Philbin and Joe Carter, were awaiting the descent of the other bucket, it became detached from the chain, and fell with lightning-like rapidity down the shaft, striking, in its descent Philbin and Carter. The former fortunately escaped with severe bruises on the left side of the head and left shoulder, but the latter, we regret to announce, was killed instantaneously; in fact, never moved a muscle after being struck. Philbin says the bucket struck the unfortunate man on the crown of the head, felling him at once, and that he never spoke or moved again. The bucket weighs about fifty pounds. The only manner in which the accident can be accounted for is that the descended bucket must have become entangled with the one ascending, and was borne to the surface, in company with the bucket containing the two miners who were being raised, which, of course loosened the chain so that the hook turned and the bucket fell back into the shaft.

"DIED. Joe Carter came to the Hills from Cowley Co., Kansas, in April last, where he lived, a near neighbor to Mr. Burns, the proprietor of the mine, and where his mother, step-father (named Fannestock), and one married brother reside at the present time. He has worked for Mr. Burns about two months.

"I am informed that it is a common occurrence for the shaft buckets to become entangled in the way I have mentioned above."





Earlier issues showed S. W. Chase and A. T. Shenneman announcing their candidacy for Sheriff.

This issue showed three more:

County Clerk.

I hereby announce myself as candidate for the office of County Clerk, subject to the approval of the Republican

convention. JAMES S. HUNT.



I hereby announce myself as a candidate for the office of Sheriff of Cowley county, subject to the decision of the Republican Nominating Convention, and I pledge myself to abide by the decision of that convention. L. LIPPMAN.



To the Republicans of Cowley County.

I am a candidate for the office of Sheriff of this county, and shall submit my name in the Republican Convention, to be held on the 22nd of September.

Some of my opponents have circulated a report that I am a Democrat. I have always been a Republican, and voted the Republican ticket. I shall abide by the decision of the Republican convention and support its nominees.






Nice, smooth, dry wood for sale by J. C. Franklin, as his Harness Shop.


The highest price in cash paid at the mill of C. A. Bliss & Co. for good milling wheat. Do not sell to anyone else until you see them. Their mill is now running on full time.


A Word to the Wise.

All parties knowing themselves indebted to the firm will call and make a settlement by September 1st. We start east then to buy goods and want our money.


Winfield, August 21, 1877.


Cash for Wheat.

Harter, Harris & Co. want 10,000 bushels of wheat delivered to them at the Tunnel Mills within the next thirty days.




For Sale.

Barley and Timothy seed, by A. G. Forney, living 22 miles southeast of Belle Plaine, Sumner Co., Kan., at the following prices: Barley, $1.00 per bushel; Timothy, $2.50. Also two choice varieties of seed wheat, viz: California May and Todd, the latter was procured in Ohio two years ago.


Farm for Sale.

400 acres of choice upland, in Sheridan township, 12 miles east of Winfield. Inquire at this office, of



A Bargain.

My home and lot, situated in Winfield, is for sale cheap. Price $400.00; $100.00 down and balance on time, in small payments.

W. E. DOUD, Eureka, Kan.



at the


Keeps the Best and Purest Liquors.

Corner 8th Avenue and Main Street,







Architect and Builder,


Designs for buildings of any description, with estimates of cost, free. To all those with whom I make contracts I desire to call attention to the fact that I can and will do as good work, and as at low prices, as any workman can do it. Call and see me before you build. A liberal share of patronage solicited. Shop next to old M. E. church building.







The election for the Emporia railroad comes off Sept. 18, prox., and we hope that the bonds will carry by a large majority. Indeed we cannot see why a single voter in the county should vote against the proposition.

We know, however, that there are many who oppose all bonds from principle, and while we respect both them and their views, while we deprecate as much as they, the system of reckless issues of county bonds in large amounts on many different occasions, as has been done in many of the older counties of this State, yet we hold that there may be and are occasions when bonds to a limited amount may be voted and issued to secure great and important interests when such interests cannot be secured in any other way, and this we believe to be one of those occasions.

We cannot if we would issue bonds in the reckless manner that some of our older counties have done. They have bonded themselves from $400,000 all the way up to $1,300,000. It is no wonder that they complain of high taxes but it is a wonder and a disgrace that they should try to repudiate their bonds. But since they have bonded themselves so heavily a law has been passed limiting the issue of bonds in each county to $100,000 and 5 percent of the assessment of the county. Under this law the limit based upon the last assessment is less than $200,000 in the aggregate for railroad purposes, which is a very modest sum for a great county like this, capable of becoming the wealthiest county in the State if we only had railroads.

It is true that we have already voted $120,000 to the Parsons road, but those bonds are not issued, perhaps they never will be, it is not quite sure that that road will be built. Even though that one raod would be sufficient for all our purposes, yet that road is not as certain as our necessities, and we cannot afford to reject another equally probable road for fear that we may have $80,000 or even $120,000 more to pay.

If we should get both roads, unless our assessment should be increased above $2,000,000, both together could not get over $200,000 of our bonds, though we had voted ten times that amount. The company have the law before them, know that the law is a part of every contract, and know that we have voted to the Parsons road; therefore, when we vote to the Emporia Company $120,000, it is no promise to deliver them more bonds than the law will allow.

If our assessment should be raised to $2,800,000 by the time the roads are built and if neither company forfeits, but both build to us on time, then perhaps we may issue $120,000 to each road. In that case, however, it will be because the building of the roads will have induced a large amount of capital to be brought into the county sufficient to be assessed $800,000 and with so much new capital to pay taxes the rate of taxation for the bonds would be reduced, to say nothing of the very material help this new capital would be in reducing our other taxes. But let us consider the effect on our taxes of the issue of the highest amount contemplated, $240,000, which will be considered as the worst that can happen if we vote these bonds.

Taking all our taxes together, State, county, township, school, schoolhouse, etc., they will aggregate on an average throughout the county about 40 mills on the dollar assessment. Calling our present assessment $2,000,000 in round numbers the 40 miles $80,000 taxes levied in the county for all purposes. We will suppose that this sum will be required each year hereafter besides interest and principle of railroad bonds. If we issue the $240,000 in bonds, the yearly interest will be $21,600, but the local tax, county, township, and city, collected from the railroad property is by law applied directly to reduce this amount. We shall then have at least 70 miles of road to tax which will be assessed at not less than $5,000 per mile, or $350,000. The local taxes will probably average 15 mills and on the railroads will raise $5,250. This deducted from the above interest, $21,500, leaves $16,250 per annum to be raised by taxation to pay balance of interest. This added to the $80,000 for all other purposes, will give $96,250 total amount to be raised yearly.

But the total assessment is in this event at least $2,800,000, and if we levy an average of 40 miles as now, we shall raise on this increased assessment $112,000, which is $15,750 more than is wanted and we may reduce the present rate 52 mills and only levy 342 mills on the average, and still pay both the $80,000 and the $16,250 interest. This 52 mills which we would save for the payers of taxes on the present property $2,000,000 would amount to $11,000 a year and $110,000 in ten years.

But let us go farther. The principal of the bonds will have to be paid too. Let us take the last ten years the bonds have to run, to pay off the principal--directly as provided in the Parsons proposition, and to raise a sinking fund to pay the Emporia bonds, investing that sinking fund at 8 percent and you will find that during this time if we levy the 40 mills as now, upon the $2,800,000, the yearly excess of $15,750 which we should raise over and above the present amount raised for all purposes and the yearly interest on the bonds, would be more than sufficient to pay off the principal of the bonds when due. So if we vote these bonds and the result is that both roads are built so as to be entitled to the whole amount of bonds voted, and if our assessment shall have increased so that the whole amount may be issued to the two roads, then the present taxpayers will save $110,000 at least of taxes on their present property by voting the bonds. If these figures seem to you to be incorrect, get out our pencils and figure it yourselves. It is a good exercise for your boys and girls.

We have above stated the facts substantially and will add that the Parsons bonds draw 10 percent interest and run 20 years, the last ten years of which one tenth of the principal is to be paid each year. The conditions of the Emporia bonds you find in the call for the election in this issue.

Please read that call carefully and make your figures, then come up to the polls Sept. 18th and vote for the bonds.





All admit the need, the necessity we have for at least one railroad, all admit that one road would save the people of this county at least $150,000 per year, but some that if we hold on we will get a railroad without bonds. Have we not been holding on for at least five years? Has there ever been a time in these years when we did not need a road, when we were not inviting and urging every company or individual that we suspected could or would aid in building a road to do so? Has there ever been a time in those years when the attitude of the A. T. & S. F. Co. was different in relation to the building of a road down this valley from what it is now? The only proposition it has made is that it will build us a road from Eldorado in eight months after the countty bonds of Butler and Cowley counties have been voted to the extent of $4,000 per mile in both counties and the right of way and depot grounds procured for the road.

Now we know very well that the bonds of Butler county cannot be procured. If it were not so, this proposition of the A. T. & S. F. is undoubtedly the best we have had. It is true that this proposition would be about equivalent to requiring of the county $160,000, but we could well afford to pay that much for a road in 8 months rather than half that sum for a road in sixteen months. The evident fact is that Butler county will not give them a bond and we have not the least indication that the Santa Fe Company ever intend to build without bonds. Our five years of experience and waiting should prove to every mind that no road will ever be built to us without a liberal subsidy. The only fear we have is that we may not get a road at all.

The Emporia proposition now before us is the only thing in sight in that direction, the amount of bonds required is only $120,000 at the outside limit. If the bonds are voted, the road will be built within a year without reasonable doubt and that is the best thing for us we know of. It is the only road that we can make ourselves sure of, at least from that direction. Let us vote the bonds.



The Junction City Union, Winfield Courier, and a number of other journals in the State are bitterly denouncing the action of several counties that have refused to levy a tax to pay the interest on their county bonds. These journals generally mention Atchison as one of the repudiating counties. They are mistaken. Atchison county has levied a tax, every year, to pay the interest on her bonded debt, and the interest has been regularly paid. The tax for interest has been levied this year, for 1878, as usual. Atchison county is, we think, able to meet all her obligations promptly and honorably. Champion.

Good for Atchison county. She is an honor to the State. Repudiation is a moral disease and is apt to be contagious and when it gets into a county, there is danger that it taints all the municipal corporations within the county, and most of its citizens, and that it spreads into adjoining counties.

We hope Atchison county has quarantine regulations sufficient to keep out the disease for all time.

It is a terrible complaint and a community infected with it is a bad place to live in and to invest money in. Honest men with capital to invest will be shy of such districts. If it only affected the credit of the infected counties, it would not be so serious as it is, but the fact that the disease is raging in any county throws discredit upon every county in the state.

No doubt some counties have issued bonds recklessly and foolishly. No doubt that they have been swindled out of some of their bonds, but there is no excuse for their refusing to pay any bond legal upon its face which is outstanding against them. It is true that the amounts of these bonds against some bounties are very large, $400,000 to $1,300,000 to a county, but we venture to assert that no county in this State which has a railroad through it is worse off though it should pay every dollar of its bonds, than it would have been had it never had a railroad.

Cowley county could this year well afford to pay the interest on the Leavenworth $1,300,000 bonds if that would give us a railroad to move our present crops. Our farmers will sacrifice in time and expenses for hauling their wheat crop alone enough to pay that interest.

If a bonded debt of that amount was the only means of securing a railroad in this county, it would still be better for us to have the road. We could, however, probably secure a road for less than one-tenth of that sum if these old countries which have got their railroads and have become rich because of them, would pay their debts "like a little man," and not discredit the bonds of new counties which have no railroads.

This question is one of interest to us beyond its moral aspect, beyond our State pride; it takes hold of our pockets.






Cowley county is a sovereignty. If "State's rights" are good as consideration against "National rights," then "county rights" are better. But of course we Republicans abjure "State's rights;" consequently "county rights." But nevertheless, Cowley county is a sovereignty--in the following sense at least: the county, after paying its State tax, has performed all the duty it owes the State. It is expected to keep the peace within its own borders, and pay for the maintenance thereof. It is expected to support its own courts of justice, to protect life, liberty, and property; to contract and pay its own debts, to erect its own internal improvements, to promote the welfare and happiness of its own inhabitants. These duties she has performed.

The Republican party is a National party, a State party, a county party. Men who join its ranks believe that the American principle--"an inalienable right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness"--can be best promoted and sustained by the maintenance and prosperity of the Republican party. Men who believe in caste and class, aristocracy in blood and color, the degradation of labor and the ignorance of the masses, and scorn national unity and American glory, have no affinity for or sympathy with Republicans.

A majority of the people of Cowley county are Republicans. Note the evidences on every hand: the schoolhouses on the hill tops, the humble homes and broad fields--built of sovereign hands--in every valley. Republicans rule in county and State. They should rule in nation. Their principals are right and safe in politics. By them--as Americans--they are willing to live and die. Another American principle is "rotation in office." In every township of the twenty-two in Cowley, there are men as honest, as capable, as patriotic, as those who hve filled the offices of state in Kansas, from Governor down. James M. Harvey, twice Governor and once U. S. Senator, Sam. J. Crawford, twice Governor and once candidate for Congress, and other ex-State officers of lesser fame and note, can find their peers in every respect in each township within the boundaries of our own fair Cowley. Our own Lemmon, who was but "one of the boys" with us, has proven himself the best State Superintendent of Public Instruction the State has had. Our own Walton, who was another of "the boys" with us, has proven himself the best Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives that was ever called to fill that difficult position in Kansas, a position that Governors Harvey, Crawford, and other "statesmen" could never have creditably


In maintaining a party organization someone in each of these townships must attend to party machinery; someone must keep booked up in county, State, and national matters; someone must spend time and energy for party--hence national--welfare. Every true American citizen has some public pride and ambition. Eveyone would like at some time to be honored, respected, and famed to some degree. They would like, among a people like ours and in a county like this, to have an opportunity to show of what metal they are made, what their qualifications are, and further, if there be a lucrative office, they would like to enjoy that for a season.

There is nothing dishonorable in their ambitions; on the contrary, they are meritorious. These premises being true it is but right that they be put in force. It is not fair, not liberal, not generous, not American, not Republican, that the strong, those who can, those who have the opportunity, should get hold of the offices in a county, form a ring, establish combinations, and "run the machine" in their personal interest, instead of that of the party or the people who gave them the power. There are as good men, with as large hearts, as tender consciences, and as generous impulses, scattered about over this county who have not been honored or favored as there are among those who have.

After a man has enjoyed official honor and profit a reasonable period, he should be willing to give way to someone else. Give the worthy all a chance. This is a good platform in county politics; if it is not, let someone promulgate a better one.





Normal Institute closes tomorrow.

Winfield schools begin Monday, Sept. 10th.

Ivan Robinson has been quite ill with billious fever. He is recovering.

The new Presbyterian church will be dedicated on the 4th Sunday in September.

Hotel arrivals in this city for the week ending August 29, 1877: Central, 97; City, 47.

Notice the new card of Geo. P. Townsend's saloon, the Custom House. [Gave this card earlier.]

The election in Elk county, to vote $40,000 bonds to the K. C. E. & S. K. R. R., will be held September 11th.

Apples sell on the streets for $1.00 and peaches for 60 cents per bushel. Think of that, ye fruit growing districts.




Mr. Miller is erecting a large and commodious stone blacksmith shop on the corner of Main street and 11th Avenue.

Will Mowry, of the new drug store in Arkansas City, called Monday. He reports the base ball fever as raging in the City at present.

Mrs. W. D. Russell's troup of vocalists will give a concert at the Courthouse in Winfield on the evening of Sept. 8th.

Tom Baker, who left Winfield about a year ago and went to Arkansas City, is again engaged in the tonsorial profession in this city. He is assisting in John Nichols' shop.

The Foults Bros. purchased the new patent chair and barber's outfit of Mr. Chas. E. Steuven, late of Wichita. It is quite an addition to their already neatly and well furnished room.

Mr. P. Stump is erecting a new stone business building on the east side of Main street, between 10th and 11th Avenues. Size: 25 feet front by 30 feet deep and two stories high.

Every day men and women are going the rounds inquiring for houses to rent. Even the corn cribs are occupied with families. Seventeen new houses have recently been built to rent, and fifty more are wanted.

Mr. Jos. Mason, living about five miles south of town, gladdened the hearts of the COURIER office boys, on last Saturday, with two fine large watermelons.

We were happy to meet Ed. G. Gray, foreman of the Traveler offfice, and A. P. Stanley, assistant post master, of Arkansas City, last Sunday.

Yesterday John T. Mackay, late captain in the U. S. regular army and late residing in Scotland county, Missouri, was admitted to the bar of the District Court. The Captain comes to us highly recommended.

J. S. Baker, of New Salem, is a man of sense. He says that after a man is announced as a candidate for office, he will not believe any scandal he has not before learned against the candidate unless he himself admits it under oath.

The following attorneys have arrived since Monday, and are in attendance at the District Court this week: Thos. George, of Wellington; Chas. Wilsie, of Oxford; A. L. Redden, of Eldorado; J. C. McMullen and James Christian, of Arkansas City.

U. S. Pensioners should bear in mind that the biennial examination commences on Tuesday next, and that the law requires all pensioners not exempted to be examined by the examining surgeon in Winfield before their September installment can be drawn.

A. H. Barnard called on us on Monday. He knows how to keep a hotel, as the guests of the Valley House at Wellington will testify.




A lively game of base ball was played in Arkansas City last Thursday between the "East Side" and "West Side." The two nines were made up from the ball players living and doing business on the east and west side of Summit street, as the name of each nine indicates. The score stood, at the end of the 9th, the last inning, 20 to 25, in favor of the "East Side." Another game will be played soon.


Charles C. Black, Esq., was admitted to the bar last Monday, after passing a most rigid and exhaustive examination, in open court. Charley may be said to be one of the pioneers of Cowley county, coming here when a mere boy he, by his upright, manly conduct, readily won his way to the hearts of our entire community. The COURIER predicts for Mr. Black a brilliant and honorable career in the line of his chosen profession.


The District Court commenced its session on Monday with a light docket, and it is to be hoped that it will be cleared up this week. The following members of the bar present: Hon. W. P. Campbell, Judge; E. S. Bedilion, Clerk; R. L. Walker, Sheriff; M. S. Adams, of Wichita, C. R. Mitchell, E. B. Kager and A. Walton, of Arkansas City; J. McDermott, County Attorney, J. E. Allen, A. J. Pyburn, O. M. Seward, W. M. Boyer, L. J. Webb, W. P. Hackney, J. W. McDonald, E. S. Torrance, H. E. Asp, D. A. Millington, S. D. Pryorr, J. D. Pryor, F. S. Jennings, G. H. Buckman, and A. H. Green, of Winfield, attorneys.

The Hon. C. Caldwell, and his son, N. C. Caldwell, late of Texas, were admitted to the bar. The Judge comes to us with an honorable reputation as a man and a lawyer, having served with distinction as a Judge of the Supreme Court of Texas. He, with his amiable family, consisting of his lady, son, and three beautiful young lady daughters, are a great social as well as intellectual acquisition to Winfield.

Charles C. Black, of Winfield, and Charles Eagan, of Rock, were also admitted to the bar after sustaining very creditably a long and rigid examination in open court, proving that they had been dilligent students. Mr. Black invited the officers of the court and members of the bar and press to refreshments at Jim Hill's, in the evening, which were served up in the best style, and it was an occasion of festivity and enjoyment.


Camp Meeting.

There will be a Camp Meeting held 6 miles north of Winfield, commencing September 7th, and will continue through the following week. All are invited to attend.






Winfield Laundry.

Remember your old washer-woman, Mrs. A. Nichols, the neatest and best washer in town. Try her once and see. Leave all your orders and clothes at the barber shop of John W. Nichols.


Town Lots For Sale cheap. Inquire of D. A. Millington, at the COURIER office.






Silverdale Township.

The Republicans of Silverdale township will hold a primary meeting at the residence of William Butterfield, on Saturday, Sept. 15th, 1877, at 2 o'clock p.m.

Richland Township.

There will be a meeting of the Republican voters of Richland township at the Floral schoolhouse, on Saturday, the 8th day of September, 1877, at 2 o'clock p.m., for the purpose of electing delegates to attend the County Convention on the 22nd day of September, 1877.

D. MAHER, Chairman Township Committee.

L. B. STONE, Secretary.





From Arkansas City.

ARKANSAS CITY, Aug. 9, 1877.

EDITOR COURIER: At this season of the year there is seldom a break in the monotonous routine of a country town. We move, breathe, and have our existence with the regularity of the old open-faced Dutch clock that used to stand in the corner at home--and with almost as apparent indifference to the happenings in the outside world.

Our people had a partial awakening today, however, over that old sore--the school teacher. No man less self-willed than Grant need hope to teach the young ideas of Arkansas City how to shoot, and maintain amicable relations with the various so-called "rings." (What would the average American talk about if that much-abused word were struck from the vocabulary of the English language?)

But to the meeting. The good people assembled at the schoolhouse, and actually dared to interfere with, and take exceptions to, the proceedings of that august body, the school board, in the matter of appointing a teacher.

Some of the bolder ones have expressed the opinion that, when two or more applicants present their names to a board, asking for an appointment, a vote should be taken by the members, a majority ruling, and no favoritism to be displayed. This, however, is clearly proven by the gentlemen in the negative, to be mere buncomb; that all that is necessary in such a case is an intimation by one of the board that the appointment of such and such a one would be desirable, and presto, the thing is done. Then, to avoid any serious complications between themselves, another member is granted the appointment of a particular friend (he may be a relative), and thus a most happy state of affairs is preserved.

As "those who know knothing about nothing," a simple statement to the board that the applicant is efficient, and in every way capable, silences all questions on that score. Of course, it is a matter of no significance that the main supporters of this admirable system of municipal government are employees and relatives of these "moguls," who thus openly tweak our social noses; and of course, the mere hint of such a thing as a "ring" is moonshine.

Such a thing might be in suburban villages, but in Arkansas City, the Lawrence of Southern Kansas, a "quituate" of the Emporia Normal School, and having the best school (house) in the county--preposterous!

The sum and substance of the whole matter is, no one has a particular dislike for the gentleman who is at present trying to gain a certificate which will justify him in calling for eighty dollars per month from our tax-payers, but there is a great deal of dissatisfaction among our people because of the looks of the thing.

If a man with but a common school education (such a one, in fact, as our school once aimed to give) can draw the same salary as the college graduate, the wielders of the birch bid fair to become numerous, while the reward for a higher type of learning will cease.

There are two ways of doing business--honorably and dishonorably. They have one way of doing it down here. Of course, we are not retrograding to the home of the sand hill, crane, and illiterate natives, but--just see how it looks!

Two or three people have got the fool notion into their heads that they want something, and how to get them rid of said notion is a perplexing question. One young enthusiast, but a stranger to Lindley Murray, went so far as to assert that the present appointee "don't know nothing;" whereupon one of the "relatives," who might profitably court the above named gentleman's acquaintance, retorted with: "Yes, he does, too." And I think so, myself. TAX PAYER.

[NOTE. We would not allow such a state of affairs as the above to exist in Winfield a single day! Ed.]




The county commissioners of Lawrence county, in which the city of Deadwood is located, have adopted an order declaring that their county is overrun by Indians, and that as the government has failed to give protection, they (the commissioners) will give "the sum of $250 for the body of each and every Indian, dead or alive, killed or captured, within the boundaries of said county, upon satisfactory proof being given that such Indian was killed or captured within said county by the person claiming such reward.


The "road agents" in the Black Hills are humorists in their way. A gang of them who recently robbed a stage made the messenger surrender the treasure-box, which contained $800, and then told him that he ought to quit working for a company that did not carry more money than that.






WHEREAS, on the 18th day of August, A. D. 1877 the board of county commissioners of Cowley county, in the State of Kansas, made and entered on record this following order, to-wit:

NOW on this 8th day of August, A. D. 1877, comes W. M. Boyer, a resident taxpayer of the county of Cowley and State of Kansas, and with him comes 1,299 other resident tax-payers of said county of Cowley and State of Kansas and present their petition in writing to the board of county commissioners of said county of Cowley praying that a special election be called for the purpose of submitting to the qualified voters of said county a proposition for said county to subscribe to the capital stock of the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railraod Company to the amount of one hundred and twenty thousand ($120,000) dollars in payment for said stock, upon the terms and upon the conditions, in said petition mentioned and descrribed. And said board of county commissioners having duly heard, examined, and considered said petition doth find: That said petition is in writing; and that said petition is signed by more than two-fifths of the resident tax-payers of said county of Cowley in the State of Kansas, and is in all respects according to law. It is therefore ordered and declared by said board that the prayer of said petitioners be granted;

And that a special election be held in said county of Cowley, at the usual place of holding elections therein, on Tuesday the 18th day of September A. D. 1877. And that thirty (30) days notice of said election be given by the Sheriff of said county by publication in the Winfield COURIER, a weekly newspaper published and printed in said county of Cowley, and of general circulation therein; and it is further ordered by said board of county commissioners that said subscription to the capital stock of said Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad Company be made, and bonds of said county of Cowley in payment for said stock be issued, upon the following conditions, to-wit:

That the county Cowley, State of Kansas, by the county commissioners, subscribe for, and in behalf of said county, take the capital stock of the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Railroad Company in the amount of $120,000.00; and in payment therefor, execute and deliver to said railroad company the bonds of said county to the amount of $120,000.00, payable both principal and interest at the Fiscal Agency of the State of Kansas, in the City of New York, in thirty years after the date thereof, with the privilege reserved said county of paying the whole or any part of said bonds at any time after five years from the date thereof, by giving notice thereof for twelve months, and the further privilege reserved to said county, of paying for and redeeming the whole, or any part of said bonds at the time of the delivery thereof, as herein provided: at the rate of eighty-five cents for each dollar of the face value of said bonds so paid and redeemed.

Said bonds to be issued in demoninations of $500.00 each, and to draw interest at the rate of eight percent per annum from the date of their delivery to said railroad company; payable semi-annually on the 15th day of January and July in each and every year, and all interest coupons matured or to mature within three months of said delivery of said bonds to be cancelled and returned to the county commissioners. Said bonds to be issued in consideration of the construction, operation, and maintenance of the said railroad into and through said county, from the north line thereof in the direction of Douglass, in Butler county, to the south line of the State of Kansas, at or near Arkansas City, over the most practicable route between said points, and the erection and maintenance of suitable freight and passenger depot, and the necessary side tracks at the following points in said county, to-wit:

At a point not exceeding one and 2 miles north of the point where said railroad shall cross Rock creek, at a point not exceeding one mile from the point where said railroad shall cross Little Dutch creek; at a point not exceeding one-half a mile from a point in the city of Winfield where Ninth street intersects Main street; at a point in Pleasant Valley township nearly equi-distant from Winfield and Arkansas City; at a point not exceeding one eighth of a mile from the corporate limits of the city of Arkansas City; and at a point at or near the south line of the State in the township of Bolton.

And upon the further condition that the said road shall be completed and trains running thereon from the City of Emporia to the south line of Lyon county, on or before February first, 1878, and to the City of Eureka on or before August first, 1878; and to the south line of Butler county on or before the first day of February, 1879; and to its depot at Winfield on or before the first day of April, 1879, and to its depot at Arkansas City on or before the first day of May, 1879, and to the south line of the State, in Bolton township, on or before the first day of August, 1879.

And should said Railroad Company fail to construct said road to any of the points above mentioned, on or before the dates herein mentioned, said Railroad Company shall forfeit the bonds of said Cowley county.

Immediately after the proposition is voted by the people of said county, and the result of the election duly ascertained to be in favor of said proposition, said subscription to the capital stock of said Railroad Company shall be made.

The said Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railroad Company or their assigns shall construct and equip as aforesaid, and have in operation a railroad of a gauge of three feet, so constructed as to form one continuous line from the east line of the State of Kansas, at or near Kansas City, Mo., by way of Emporia, in Lyon county, Kansas, and Eureka, Greenwood county, Kansas, to the points herein mentioned in said Cowley county, within two years from the first day of August, 1877.

Said road to be constructed in a substantial manner, and the equipment thereof to be first class, and sufficient for the ordinary traffic of the road. And no part of said bonds shall be delivered to said Railroad Company, nor be of any binding force or validity upon said county until said railroad is completed to the points in said county, and at the times hereinafter


If, however, the said Railroad Company shall be restrained from prosecuting the work, of constructing said road by legal proceedings instituted by citizens of Cowley county, the length of time such restrain shall exist shall be added to the time herein specified for the construction of said road to the various points in said Cowley county,

Provided, That when said road is completed and trains running thereon a distance of ten miles in said county, the bonds of said county to the amount of thirty thousand dollars shall be delivered to said Railroad or their assigns and the stock of said company in equal amount, dollar for dollar, shall be delivered at the same time to the commissioners of said county; and when said road shall be completed and trains running thereon a distance of twenty miles in said county, there shall be an additional amount of thirty thousand dollars of the bonds of said county delivered to said railroad company, and an equal amount of the stock of said company shall be delivered at the same time to the commissioners of said county, and when said road shall be completed and trains running thereon a distance of thirty (30) miles in said county, there shall be an additional instalment of the bonds of said county delivered to said railroad to the amount of fifty thousand dollars ($50,000) and an equal amount of the stock of said company shall be delivered at the same time to the commissioners of said county; and when said road shall be completed and trains running thereon to the south line of the State, in the township of Bolton, there shall be delivered to said railroad company the bonds of said county to the amount of ten thousand dollars ($10,000), and an equal amount of the stock of said company shall be delivered at the same time to the commissioners of said county.

And provided further, that if this proposition is adopted by a majority of the legal voters of Cowley county, and the subscription to the capital stock of the said railroad company shall be made, and the bonds of the county executed and delivered as herein provided, then the said railroad company hereby releases all claim to the subscription of stock, and delivery of bonds to said railroad company heretofore voted by the townships of Creswell and Bolton in said Cowley County.

And that the form of ballots to be used at said election in voting upon said proposition be "For subscribing to the capital stock of the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Rail Road Company and issuing bonds in payment therefore," and "Against subscribing to the capital stock of the Kansas City, Emporia and Southern Railroad Road Company and issuing bonds in payment therefor," as prescribed in said petition.



I, M. G. Troupl, Co. Clerk and clerk of the board of county commissioners, in and for the county and State aforesaid certify the foregoing to be a true and correct copy of the order of said board, concerning the matter therein set forth and contained.

Witness my hand and seal this 9th day of August, A. D. 1877.

M. G. TROUP, County Clerk.


NOW, therefore, I, R. L. Walker, Sheriff of Cowley county, Kansas, do hereby proclaim and make known that on Tuesday, the 18th day of September, A. D. 1877, there will be held a special election at the usual places of voting in said county of Cowley for the proposition contained in the above order in the manner and form therein provided and set forth.


Sheriff of Cowley county, Kansas.





We learn that work is progressing rapidly on the narrow gauge south of Emporia. The company propose to have trains running to Eureka 50 miles by Jan. 1st, next; to Augusta, 90 miles, by May first, and to Winfield, 120 miles, by Aug. first, 1878.


We understand that the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad Company contemplate extending the Florence, Eldorado and Walnut Valley branch of their road from Eldorado to Caldwell, via El Paso, Belle Plaine, and Wellington, in case the Emporia and Southern, narrow gauge, is built down the Walnut valley. Let us wait and see. Wellington Press.

All right, Mr. Press. Get the Santa Fe road if you can. Nobody in Cowley county will feel badly about it. If our work for the narrow gauge will assist you in getting the broad gauge, we shall all rejoice together. We hope it will be your privilege to wait and see instead of waiting and not seeing as we have been forced to do. ---


Some voters say they would vote bonds to a standard gauge road but they do not want narrow gauge roads. A few years ago when a three feet gauge road was unknown in this country, we might well have said that such a road was unknown in this country; we might well have said that such a road was an untried experiment at best; and that it was safer to invest our bonds in standard gauge roads that we know something about. But now, since a hundred 3 feet gauge roads have been wholly or partly constructed at from one-third to two-thirds of the cost of standard gauge roads in similar situations, and have been operated at from 1/2 to 2/3 of the expense of other roads, making about the same time, with equal convenience and greater safety, it is too late to make any such objections. Since hundreds of our acquaintances and friends have had experience in traveling and transportation on these roads, we have about as conclusive knowledge of their feasibility and practicability as we have of other roads.





With all the experience of the past three or four years, while railroad accidents have been numerous and terrible, who ever heard of a serious accident on a narrow gauge? Who ever complained of want of convenience or dispatch in its transportations? Who ever found freights or fares on them as high? Whoever found more comfortable passenger cars than those on the Denver & Rio Grande?


If the narrow gauge is worth $6,500 per mile and has $3,000 per mile actually invested in it raised from municipal bonds, the remaining $3,500 of its value could probably easily be raised from the sale of its mortgage bonds; but if after being built, it will not pay anything on its cost, it is therefore valueless. No capitalist will subscribe to its stock or take its bonds at any price and it cannot be built.

The Santa Fe Co. is the only standard gauge company in the State that by any possibility would or could build us a road and it evidently has concluded that it will not pay.





Geo. Walker is announced as a candidate for Sheriff. George is a gentleman and a whole souled good fellow, well qualified by education, energy, and experience for the position he seeks.

A. T. Shenneman is announced as a candidate for Sheriff. He is in every way well qualified for the position. In his long career in this county in business of the same nature as are the duties of sheriff, he has proved himself to be honorably and eminently efficient. He has hosts of friends.

Leon Lippman comes forward as a candidate for sheriff with a host of friends to support him who insist that he is thoroughly well qualifed for, and eminently worthy of the position in every respect. We heartily agree with them.

Notice the announcement of E. P. Kinne as a candidate for re-election to the office of Register of Deeds. He has not got rich from the office the first term by charging illegal rates, nor by pinching and penuriousness, but he has been a faithful, obliging, pleasant, and gentlemanly officer, satisfied with the moderate pay provided by law, a noble and generous citizen always ready and willing to assist with his time and money in every good work, and he deserves a re-election.

James S. Hunt is announced in our columns as a candidate for County Clerk. We have known the candidate for many years as a truly liberal citizen, a faithful and honorable man and officer, and he is eminently well qualified for the office he solicits.




One of the proprietors of this paper visited the lead mines at Empire City, Cherokee county, recently. He is satisfied they have immense quantities of the ore. For several miles Short Creek is being honey-combed with shafts. Many have already reached paying ore and all are hopeful. The town is growing rapidly. It now contains near three thousand inhabitants.

Mr. S. A. Weir, who used to keep the Lagonda House in Winfield has the best residence in Empire City.



Meetings will be held at the following places for the purpose of discusing the proposition to vote $120,000 in bonds to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern Railway Co., as follows:

Thomasville schoolhouse in Beaver tp., Monday, Sept. 10th, at 7 p.m.

Brane's schoolhouse, Pleasant Valley tp., Tuesday, 11th, at 7 p.m.

Park's schoolhouse in Silverdale tp., Wednesday, 12th, at 7 p.m.

Dexter schoolhouse, Thursday, 13th, at 7 p.m.

Coburn's schoolhouse, in Silverdale township, Friday 14th, at 7 p.m.

Maple City, Saturday, 15th, at 7 p.m.

Patton's, in Cedar tp., Monday 17th, at 7 p.m.

Darien schoolhouse, Rock tp., Monday, Sept. 10 at 7 p.m.

Floral schoolhouse, Rock tp., Monday, Sept. 10, 7 p.m.

Lazette, Wednesday, Sept. 12th, at 7 p.m.

Tisdale, Thursday, Sept. 13th, at 7 p.m.

Worden schoolhouse, Vernon tp., Friday, Sept. 14, 7 p.m.

Schoohouse near the line between Ninnescah and Maple townships, Saturday, Sept. 15, at 7 p.m.

Courthouse at Winfield, Monday, Sept. 18, at 7 p.m.

Everybody invited to be present. Don't fail to attend to this, the most important of all matters relating to your welfare.




The Bismarck Tribune says: "A gentleman who had just made a trip down that river from the mouth of the Big Horn reports having met twenty steamers between the mouth of the Big Horn and the mouth of the Yellowstone, on their way up, loaded with freights for the military posts now being constructed on the Big Horn and at the mouth of the Tongue river. Steamers have found no difficulty so far in running up the mouth of the Big Horn, a distance of eight hundred miles from the mouth of the Yellowstone."


[AD: W. C. ROOT & CO.]


W. C. ROOT & CO.,

Successor to








Bring us some wood.

Court adjourned Monday.

Allison has oxen and nursery stock for sale.

Winfield boasts of three photograph galleries.

Concert at the Courthouse Saturday evening.

Presbyterian church dedication September 23rd.

C. M. Scott, of the Traveler, called upon us last week.

The peach crop of Cowley is estimated at 15,000 bushels.


Winfield Courier, September 6, 1877.

P. Stump drives the fine bays formerly owned by M. L. Robinson.

Mr. Jas. H. Vance and wife, of the Centennial hotel, are visiting in Wichita this week.

Cowley county has 47,000 acres of corn which promises to average 50 bushels to the acre.

Mrs. C. S. Thomas was called to the sick bed of her sister at Chillicothe, Missouri, last week.

A. A. Jackson succeeds Jim Hill in the restaurant business. Jackson knows how to run the biz.

Nate Robertson has been down from Eldorado this week. His stage line is doing quite a business.

C. C. Harris sports the finest buggy in Cowley county, to which he drives a span of fine black horses.

The bright, smiling countenance of John Bacheldor is again behind the counters of Lynn & Gillilen's store.

On Monday the Tunnel Mills loaded an ox train of thirty wagons with flour for the Cheyennes and Wichitas.

A. N. Deming, formerly "mine host" of the Lagonda, is down from Wichita selling farm machinery in Winfield.

Hotel arrivals, in this city, for the week ending September 5th, 1877, number as follows: Central, 97; City, 47.

Ten thousand head of cattle are held by Sumner county owners, near the State line, in the Indian Territory.

Wellington Press.

Mr. Brooking is again an employee of the Winfield boot and shore store. He is a good workman and a jolly whole-souled fellow.



The Harter Brothers have bought out the McMillen & Shields stock and propose to fill up and run the mercantile business again.

The city of Winfield has over 1,500 inhabitants, and more coming. Houses, shops, cellars, barns, and corn cribs are in demand for dwellings.

Two horse thieves started last Tuesday morning, in charge of a deputy sheriff, for Leavenworth, where they will engage in hard labor for two years.

The Winfield schools will not begin on the 10th inst., as announced, on account of the rooms not being ready, but will commence September 17th.

J. P. Short says he will have on his farm just southeast of town about 300 bushels of the largest and finest peaches he has seen. They are mostly late varieties of budded fruit.

Elk county, on Tuesday, August 28th, voted $100,000 bonds to the Parsons road by over 600 majority. Now we want to hear of work, and expect President Mathewson and Manager Hamilton will stir themselves.

See the new ad. of W. C. Root & Co., successor to T. E. Gilleland. They carry a very extensive stock of boots and shoes, consisting of over one hundred and eighty different styles.


Last Tuesday the Harter Brothers had their stock of dry goods, groceries, etc., transported from Wellington to this place. They say there is more business done in Winfield in one day than in Wellington in a whole week.

BIRTH. FACTS VS. THEOLOGY. The good orthodox dogma, that all are born sinners, was refuted in this city on Monday morning by the fact that a girl, weighing nine pounds, was born a Saint. If proof is wanted, J. Ex. will testify.

They have a ferry across the Arkansas river at Salt City now, which makes a direct line from Winfield to that place, South Haven, and Caldwell, without going to Arkansas City. The ferry is said to be the best ever constructed on the river.

Last week Mr. C. S. Thomas took a large drove of hogs to Kansas City. He returned Tuesday evening and tells us that the trade of the City hotel is increasing daily. Mr. Thomas is a No. 1 landlord and always furnishes his customers with the best the market affords.

We understand that Bert Crapster is engaged in the wholesale dry goods business in Rock Island, Illinois. The name of the firm of which he is a member is H. C. Wivill & Co. We wish him success in his new undertaking.

Dr. Rising, who resides near New Salem, made us a call this week and told us all he knows about farming. He is a staunch Republican and an able physician. He has lately commenced farming in this county, and is not only in name but in fact a Rising man.



That jolly, good natured, whole souled deputy postmaster, A. P. Stanley, of Arkansas City, spent last Friday afternoon with us.

Mr. B. Gray, late of Bloomington, Illinois, has arrived and will remain, during this month, in Winfield with his photographic instruments and tent. He has pitched his tent next to Bliss, Earnest & Co.'s store, where parties desiring first class work should call at once.

G. W. Aze, "runner" for Sayrs, Thompson & Co.'s wholesale tea house, of Chicago, and the Metropolitan Jewelry Co., of New York, accompanied by Mr. D. P. Hubbard, "runner" for an extensive boot and shoe house, of Chicago, spent several days of last week in this city.

Tommy Dryden, who has been clerking in J. B. Lynn & Co.'s store for something over a year, left Winfield yesterday morning for Kansas City. During his stay in our midst and his experience in the employ of Lynn & Co., he has proven to be an amiable, straight-forward young man and a good salesman.

Mr. D. Robertson called at the COURIER office Monday with a bag of choice peaches, of a native variety, which he had gathered from trees in the northeast part of this township. He thinks the crop this year is the best ever seen, and he wants two railroads. The more farmers of his stamp Cowley has the better.

D. C. Stevens, of Floral, called on us Monday. He is raising some short-horn young cattle, and thinks this is the kind of stock for the farmers of Cowley--thinks the farmers should fence their pastures, raise short horns, wheat, and corn, get all the railroads possible at a reasonable expense, and be prosperous.

John Johnson, who was convicted, and Thomas Cronkhite, who plead guilty of the crime of horse-stealing, at this term of court, were sentenced on Monday morning to two years imprisonment each, in the penitentiary. They are young men of good appearance and evidently capable of becoming useful citizens. We hope they may accept their punishment as a lesson and that when they again appear in the world, it will be as young men determined to redeem themselves.

DIED. Mrs. Mary Smith, mother of Mrs. Millington, of this city, died at Belle Plaine, Iowa, on the 28th of August, at the advanced age of 84 years. Hers has been a very eventful life, in many scenes of which she has manifested heroic fortitude, as well as the more tender graces and virtues of womanhood, and she has ever enjoyed the love, respect, and admiration of all her acquaintances. She was an enthusiastic and consistent member of the M. E. church.



The Winfield Silver Cornet Band serenaded Judge W. P. Campbell last Monday night, at the residence of Judge McDonald, whose guest Judge Campbell had been during the term of court just closed. The boys played a few beautiful airs, when they were invited in to partake of the good things set out by the clever host, Judge McDonald. Quite a sprinkling of the members of the bar were present and, of course, an impromptu meeting was organized. Remarks were made by several gentlemen present, complimenting Judge Campbell as a judge and a man, to which his Honor responded feelingly and gracefully. The party broke up about 11 o'clock satisfied that it was one of the most pleasant affairs which has happened for a long time.


The Williams House, Frank Williams, proprietor, is open for business. This is an entirely new brick hotel, neatly and tastefully arranged, beautifully painted and embellished, furnished throughout with new, neat, and beautiful furniture. Altogether it is just the neatest, pleasantest, and most comfortable place to stop that can be found in southern Kansas. Frank and his estimable lady know just how to keep a hotel, as everyone who visited them at Philadelphia, during the Centennial exhibition, is ready to testify. They are affable and attentive to their guests, who will have all the comforts of a pleasant home. Excellent arrangements are provided to accommodate commercial travelers, and a fine sample room is prepared. Any description we could give of the house and its arrangements would fail to do it justice. Go and see for yourselves.


DIED. Died on the 28th ult., of cholora infantum, after a brief illness, the infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. S. H. Phoenix, of Richland township.

The bereaved parents have the sympathy of the entire community.


List of letters remaining unclaimed in the Post Office at Winfield, Cowley county, Kansas, on the 5th day of Sept., 1877.


Anderson, Randolph; Allen, Lou; Brown, Ann; Brown, N. M.;

Brown, W. F.; Brown, Thomas J.; Briggs, L. M.; Bragg, Abner P.; Blair, J. S.; Birdzell, Joshua; Bishop, J. A.; Baily, Thomas A.;

Carter, Hannah R.; Clemm, J. R.; Day, Wm. G.; Fisher, Elmer; Guian, T. M.; Grose, W.; Gore, Joanna; Hynds, L. S.; Homes,

I. W.; Irvin, Matilda; Johnson, S. B.; Jones, Mary;

Johnson, John; Johnson, A. A.; Johnson, Wm. H.



Kefert, Julia E.; Keesey, Melvina; Lloyd, Miss Hannah; Musselman, D. C.; More, Chas.; Miles, J. F.; Mann, Alice; Mayginnis, T.; McAdow, Horace; Northup, Philo; Newland, Mr.; Mill, Wm. T.; Park, Wm.; Park, W. J.; Rhodes, M. B.;

Snyder, C. F.; Smith, R. G.; Seward, W. H.; Thompson, Flora;

Wright, Maggie; Wright, A. N.; Woofert, Samuel; Willis, Mary;

Williams, James; Williams, John W.; Weathers, Wm.; Waddell, C.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say "advertised."







It won't pay you to put up dry, flavorless seedlings when you can get budded fruit. I have any amount of late Crawford, Snow, and other favorite canning varieties, and the Heath Cling, an extra large cling for pickling. See samples and leave orders at A. H. Green's drug store, or with J. P. SHORT.


Horses For Sale.

One span of brown mares, good work animals ...... $100.

One span of sorrel driving mares, 3 years old ... 80

One gray work mare .............................. 40

One roan saddle pony ............................ 40

One sorrrel saddle pony ......................... 30

One small gray saddle pony ...................... 20

C. M. SCOTT, Arkansas City, Kansas.



After September 1st I will have fine peaches at from 50 to 75 cents per bushel, at my farm, one mile southeast of town.



The Sitting Bull Matter.

The commission appointed by the United States Government to proceed to Fort Walch, Canada, will be afforded every facility for making a treaty with Sitting Bull for his peaceable return with his tribe. While in Washington lately, Hon. Edward Mills fully explained to President Hayes the Canadian system of dealing with Indians. The president expressed his intention of adopting a similar line of policy and give the management of the outposts to experienced army officers and do away altogether with the agent.

The Canadian Indians of the northwest are fiercely jealous of the advent of the hostile Sioux, and it is feared at any time may make war upon them if their removal is not secured. It is expected that the new policy toward the Indians, about to be adopted by President Hayes, will bring about a withdrawal of the American Indians from Canada.






Generals Terry and Lawrence constitute the commission to go and treat with Sitting Bull. At last accounts he had decided to stay in British America.


An Independent Greenback Convention has been called to meet at Wyandotte Wednesday, September 19th. Every county in the State is entitled to six delegates. Will Cowley be represented?



This is our last issue before the election of the 18th inst., and we feel that we shall then meet a crisis in the history of our county without a due appreciation of its momentous importance.

If we should fail to carry the bonds, there is great danger that the result will be disastrous.

A few months ago we felt confident of the building of the Parsons road, and the A., T. & S. F. also, but since that time a great change has taken place in the sentiments of capitalists in relation to railroads, and bonds issued in aid of railroads.

Since then there have been great railroad strikes and riots destroying millions of dollars of railroad property, and men are in consequence disinclined to invest in railroads. Since then many of our older counties have made and are making attempts to repudiate their bonds issued in aid of railroads; and as a consequence, capitalists do not want any more such bonds, and it will be much more difficult to negotiate bonds and build railroads than was then anticipated, so difficult that the A., T. & S. F., as hinted by Mr. Nickerson when here, seems to have concluded to attempt to do nothing towards building further in this direction; so difficult that it is not at all sure that the Parsons company will be able to move in time to avoid the forfeit of the bonds we voted.

Should they fail and should we vote down the bonds next Tuesday, we shall be left out in the cold for perhaps another five years.

The A., T. & S. F. will then surely not build any further for they would have nothing to gain by it and there is no other show that we can name for a road in five years. In that time it will cost our people a million of dollars for moving freights that would be saved with a railroad, all that time we shall be living in retired poverty while we should be in the midst of the world where intelligence would seek homes and capital seek investment had we a railroad, and at the end of that time we shall be in no better situation than we are now at best, while with a road we should be in a county rich and prosperous.

Now here is another chance to get a road, much the best chance that has been offered. The road is in process of building and is progressing favorably. The contracts are let to within seventy miles of us, the grading is being rapidly made, bridges are being constructed, the iron is on the way, the money is on hand and is being expended on the road, the county bonds are negotiated in advance of their issue, and the company exhibits more vim, and persistence, more determination and "git up and git," has more working men whose souls are in their work than any other company in Kansas, and they are much more likely to build a road than any other company. An enormous amount of work has been done by Bancroft and others to get the project in motion and it is done successfully. A continuation of the same persistent energy will build the road to us in a year if we vote the bonds.

Let us vote the bonds and secure one road sure, then if we get the Parsons road, so much the better, but it is surely not wise to risk all our chances on that road alone.



The Elements of Book-Keeping is a new text book from the pen of Prof. S. A. Felter; Geo. W. Martin of Topeka is the publisher. This, we believe, is the first school book published in the State. The work has been prepared especially for common schools. It has the endorsement of our present, and several of our ex-State superintendents of education. The plan of the work is excellent. But one difficulty is introduced at a time. Every principle is illustrated by numerous practical problems. In these problems the names of Kansas towns and persons living therein are given. This may help to popularize the book, but we object to his leaving "our Wirt" in debt for cod fish. It is not improbable that the boy ever owed that kind of a debt.

The book is printed in the best manner and is sold for about half the price usually charged for such works by eastern firms. We predict that it will become a very popular text-book.




Nez Perce Indians.

Gen. Howard has been severely criticized, particularly by the Democratic press, because he has not succeeded in overtaking and destroying Chief Joe and his Nez Perces. The criticism has probably been inspired partly by his staunch Union, Republican, and Christian record. Gen. Howard is an accomplished officer and enjoys the respect of the whole corps of army officers. There is no doubt that he has done all that could be done under the circumstances toward the suppression of the hostiles.


An Excellent Educational Pamphlet.

Prof. A. B. Lemmon, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, was elected president of the State Teachers' Association, at a late meeting of the association at Emporia.

Prof. Lemmon recognizing the importance of placing the papers read before the association in the hands of every teacher in the State, has published in pamphlet form 5,000 copies of the proceedings, which will be distributed without charge among the teachers and others interested in educational work. Among the addresses published are "The Opening Address," by Prof. L. B. Kellogg.

Kansas Farmer.


Republican Convention.

The Republicans of Richland township, Cowley county, met pursuant to call at the Floral schoolhouse Sept. 8, 1877.

On motion N. J. Larkin was chosen chairman and James Groom secretary.

On motion Samuel Groom and John R. Thompson were elected delegates to the county convention by acclamation.

On motion the third delegate was elected by ballot. M. C. Headrick received 13 votes, Daniel Maher received 17 votes and was declared elected.

Motion to instruct the delegates for Walker for Sheriff and Troup for clerk was lost.

Daniel Maher offered the following preamble and resolutions and moved their adoption.

WHEREAS, We Republicans of Richland township in caucus assembled, believe that T. K. Johnston was chosen chairman of the County Republican Committee by unfair means and against the best interests of the party, therefore,

Resolved, That our delegates are hereby instructed not to recognize him as such chairman, but to recognize Chas. H. Eagan as secretary and chairman pro tem.

Resolved, That our delegates are instructed to use their votes and influence in the county convention for James S. Hunt for County Clerk and A. T. Shenneman for Sheriff. Adopted.

Moved and carried that the proceedings of this meeting be published in the Winfield COURIER.

On motion adjourned.

N. J. LARKIN, Chairman.

JAMES GROOM, Secretary.




The Normal Institute.

MR. EDITOR: It will certainly be gratifying to your readers, who have the best interests of our county at heart, to learn that with all her other achievements, in the way of development, Cowley county is not behind in the matter of education. With sterling and enterprising men to manage the rapid improvement, we have attained a success of which every citizen can be justly proud, and today our county stands almost a prodigy in wealth and prosperity. It might be supposed that, with all the incidents and vicissitudes naturally attendant upon the new settlement and development of a new county, the educational interests would be neglected, but it is certainly not so in this county, and nothing can be more indicative of the enterprise and determination of our people in this direction than the well attended and eminently successful normal that has just been held.

Mr. Story, our county superintendent, spared no efforts to induce a full attendance and secure good and efficient instructors, and was certainly very successful in both. Prof. Kellogg, formerly president of the State Normal, assisted by R. C. Story, Prof. G. W. Robinson of the Winfield schools, Miss Wickersham, also of the Winfield schools, and Mr. Geo. H. Buckman, conducted the various branches of study pursued.

The attendance from the first was equal to the most sanguine expectations of those interested, there being on the first day over sixty enrolled. This number was steadily augmented until it reached almost a hundred earnest hard-working teachers. The interest throughout was unabating, and every branch in which applicants for teachers' certificates are required to be examined was thoroughly and systematically discussed.

In addition to the regular exercises, a course of lectures was given by some of the most eminent men of the State and county on moral, educational, and scientific subjecxts. These lectures were well attended and very highly appreciated. Dr. Pomeroy, Prof. Kellogg, D. A. Millington, Esq., Rev. J. E. Platter, Rev. J. L. Rusbridgee, and Rev. C. J. Adams filled the different appointments in this course.

The immediate effects of the normal were very perceptible in the teachers' examination held at the close; out of nearly eighty applicants, only seven failed, while twelve got first grade and six "A" grade certificates although the rate of marking was higher than at any time during the past year, and we think it safe to predict that our schools will be conducted with greater efficiency during the coming year than ever before.

The following is a list of teachers who received certificates at the examination.

Winfield. Grade "A". Misses Mina C. Johnson, Alice A. Aldrich, Emma Saint, Sarah Hodges.

Winfield. Grade 1. Misses Ella Freeland, Ella Scott, Allie Klingman, Sarah E. Davis, Jennie Hane, Mr. O. S. Record.

Winfield. Grade 2. Misses Maggie Stansberry, Amy Robertson, R. E. Nawman, Fannie Pontious, Mary Pontious, Lissie Summers, Mattie Minihan, Effie Randall, Alice Pyburn, Lusetta Pyburn, Mattie Walters, Mrs. B. Seibert, Messrs. J. D. Hunt, John Bower, A. B. Taylor, B. F. Starwalt, E. M. Snow, M. H. Markcum.

Arkansas City. Grade "A". Miss Lizzie Landis.

Arkansas City. Grade 1. E. R. Thompson, J. O. Wilkinson, Mrs. R. Stauffer, Miss Ella Grimes.

Arkansas City. Grade 2. Misses Annie O. Wright, Albertine Maxwell, Lillie Kennedy, Dora Winslow, Kate Hawkins, Mary Pickett, Messrs. C. C. Holland, B. F. Maricle, J. F. Hess,

C. L. Swarts, N. N. Winton.

Oxford. Grade "A". Miss Veva Walton.

Lazette. Grade 1. H. T. Albert, M. Hemenway, Miles J. Smith.

Lazette. Grade 2. Miss Kate Fitzgerald, Mr. J. F. Tucker.

Dexter. Grade 1. Miss Kate L. Ward.

Dexter. Grade 2. Misses Alpha Harden, Cela Toplin, Belle Byard, Messrs. T. J. Rude, J. C. Armstrong.

New Salem. Grade 2. Mrs. I. E. Brown, Misses Sarah Bovee, Ella E. Davis.

Cedarvale. Grade 2. Misses N. P. Seacord, Martha Thompson, Mr. Geo. W. Seacord, S. T. Hockett.

Red Bud. Grade 1. Porter Wilson.

Red Bud. Grade 2. C. H. Eagin, R. T. Tarbet, J. M. Crawford.

Polo. Grade 2. Mrs. S. Hollingsworth.




Items from the Traveler.

Shields and Parr took a load of dressed cat-fish to Winfield last Thursday and sold them for five cents per pound.

Several pupils from Kaw Agency will attend school at this place.

Mathias Hoyt has been appointed postmaster at Dexter, Cowley County.

It costs fifty cents per hundred pounds to have goods hauled from Wichita to this place a distance of fifty miles.

Mr. Thomas Parvin wishes to return thanks to the parties that stole fifty bushels of wheat from him, last Saturday night, for leaving him their scoop shovel.





Notice of Application for Pardon.

Notice is hereby given that on the 27th day of September, 1877, the undersigned will apply to the Governor of the State of Kansas for the pardon of one John W. Barber, now confined in the jail of Cowley county, Kansas, having been convicted at the May term, 1877, of the district court of said county, of the offense of assault with intent to rape.


Attorney for John W. Barber.

Winfield, Kansas, Sept. 6, 1877.






Gen. Howard has arrived at Bozeman. No man conflicts with the Indians reported. [ODD PHRASING...???]


Sept. 5. Eldorado is in its glory, the railroad celebration is a success; eight carloads of Butlerites excurt to Florence; many carloads of guests excurt to Eldorado; Hon. T. B. Murdock, Hon. P. B. Plumb, Hon. Sidney Clark, Judge Lewis Hanback, and others orate. Our sister city has our cordial congratulations.


The fall session at the Kansas State University, at Lawrence, opened with an unusually large attendance. The number of pupils this year will be considerably over 400.




The Indian chief, Crazy Horse, has gone to the "happy hunting grounds." He was captured by the U. S. troops and in attempting to make his escape received a wound from the effects of which he died soon after.


The principal agitators among the Indians of the west are to be apprehended and confined in Florida. So say the dispatches.


It cost Pennsylvania $800,000 for calling out troops to suppress the late railroad riots.


Gen. Howard has got Joseph in the valley of the Yellowstone, Gen. Miles is hunting him from the east, and it begins to look very scaly for the Nez Perces. [Scaly ???]





Vote for the bonds.

A new jeweler and watch maker in town.

Fire Company meeting tomorrow (Friday) evening.

W. W. Andrews is reputed at Deadwood to have made $100,000.

C. S. Thomas has sold out the City hotel business to J. L. Bruce & Co.

The new Presbyterian church will be dedicated Sunday, September 23rd.

Judge Caldwell's new residence is assuming an imposing appearance.

If you want live, vigorous nursery stock with plenty of roots, order of Trissell.

Next Tuesday will determine that we shall have a road to move our next crops if we vote for the bonds.

A. E. Baird has returned from the east, having brought piles of goods which will be on hand in due time.

Hotel arrivals, in this city, for the week ending September 12th, 1877, number as follows: Central, 56; City, 50.

On Tuesday evening two bran new buggies arrived at Mr. Wilson's livery stable, from the factory at Quincy, Illinois.

C. C. Harris has traded his patent, back acting, quadruple spring, buggy to W. M. Allison for his prairie breaking long and short horned oxen.

Rev. Father Shurtz is about to move to Winfield and build a residence. He will superintend the building of a new Catholic church just north of the schoolhouse.



Rev. Adams preached a very instructive and entertaining sermon last Sunday evening. Mrs. Russell's company from Wichita formed the choir and added much interest to the exercises.

Dr. A. V. Polk, of Rock township, called to see us last Friday. He is about to visit his old friends in Pennsylvania and will be absent about a month or two. Dr. Polk is one of our best citizens, and we wish him a pleasant visit and safe return.

Read the announcement of Jacob Nixon for Register of Deeds in another column. A cripple for life in his country's service, a man fully qualified for the office he seeks, the party would honor itself as well as him by the nomination of the "Little Sergeant."

Mr. James Binner at the saloon corner of Main street and 8th avenue, lost by theft $600 a short time ago. The thief has not been detected. Deposit your money in a bank the next time, James. Winfield has two of the soundest banks that there are in the State.

O. F. Boyle has returned from the Black Hills. He met the road agents and was beaten severely and robbed. He reports T. A. Blanchard at Deadwood, but about to start for Colorado; Seth Blanchard also there with Rodocker taking views; John Swain about to come home.

The Winfield schools commence on Monday next, September 17th. The first and second grade classes will occpy the schoolhouse, the third and fourth grades the basement of the new Presbyterian church. Teachers: Prof. Geo. W. Robinson, Miss Emma Saint, Miss Ella Wickewrsham, and Miss Mollie Bryant.

Notice the announcement of T. R. Bryan as a candidate for re-election to the office of County Treasurer. Mr. Bryan has by his straightforward honesty, his promptness, accuracy, and gentlemanly bearing, in transacting business, won the respect, confidence, and good will of all he has done business with, and it seems as though he has no competitor.

At a railroad meeting held at the Darien schoolhouse, in Rock township, last Tuesday evening, W. H. Grow, J. B. Holmes, William White, Alexander Grabeer, and Harvey Harris were appointed a committee to look after the interests of Rock Creek in the approaching election.

With the interest already manifested and such a committee, Rock Creek will go almost solid for the bonds.



On Thursday evening last we had the pleasure of taking tea at Frank Williams' new hotel with a very pleasant party of guests, who did ample justice to the bountiful spread of choice viands and the finest fruits of the season. The table was richly decorated with silver plate and flowers, and the host and hostess by their polite attentions made the occasion one of delight to all present.


The Russell concert on last Saturday evening, notwithstanding the rain, was a success. Mrs. Russell sustained fully her reputation as the finest vocalist in Southern Kansas. It is a delight not only to hear her, but to see her sing.


We would call attention to the announcement of I. H. Bonsall as a candidate for the office of Register of Deeds. Mr. Bonsall is one of the original free state men of the Territory of Kanss, and fought and suffered in that early struggle. He was a Republican when it cost him three years of persecution to be one, and has always supported the Republican party. He is in every respect eminently well qualified for the position he seeks.


The line of the Emporia railroad is permanently located in Greenwood county, and contracts let. The firms that have the grading have twenty-five grading machines, each of which is doing the work of ten teams with scrapers. Ties and iron are provided and track laying will begin about the 20th inst. An engine and construction train are on the way. There is no doubt but that the road will be here to move our next crop if we vote the bonds.


The Hon. E. P. Bancroft, of Emporia, and other speakers, will address the voters of Cowley county on the subject of railroads as follows: Thursday evening, Sept. 13th, at the Tisdale schoolhouse, Tisdale; Friday evening, Sept. 14th, at the Worden schoolhouse, Vernon; Saturday evening, Sept. 15th, at the schoolhouse near the line between Maple and Ninnescah townships, Monday evening, Sept. 17th, at the Courthouse in Winfield.


DIED. By the courtesy of Mrs. Swain, we are shown a letter from her husband, John Swain, stating that N. C. McCulloch, of this place, died at Deadwood, Dakota Territory, on Sunday morning the 2nd inst., of convulsions, which came on without warning and ended fatally in three minutes.

Mr. W. W. Andrews called on us and says that when he left Deadwood, only a few days ago, Mr. McCulloch was in apparent robust health. Mr. O. E. Boyle, who left there more recently, remarks that his health appeared excellent when he left.

Mr. McCulloch was about to start for home. His bereaved wife is in St. Joseph, Missouri, suffering severely from illness.



MARRIED. BUCKMAN - NEWMAN. We have known G. H. Buckman, vocalist and young limb of the law, for a year or two and have considered him a gentleman of good behavior until last Thursday evening, when we learned that he had for some time past been making systematic attacks upon the heart of Miss Annie Newman, one of Winfield's fairest daughters and that he had gone so far as to persuade the Rev. J. E. Platter to assist him in his wickedness by tying the strong and silken cords to bind the lady to him for life. Mr. Platter does not seem to suffer remorse for his part in the transaction, and the lady makes no complaint, even seems to be happy. Well, since we cannot veto the bill, we give in and wish the happy couple a long and joyous life together. [Gather they were married Thursday, Sept. 6, 1877.]


Camp Meeting.

There will be a camp meeting, 6 miles north of Winfield, commencing on the 28th of September, 1877. The tabernacle will be there.


DIED. Died at her residence, on Silver Creek, on the 2nd day of September, 1877, Mrs. E. M. Thomas, wife of Elder Thomas.





County Treasurer.

T. R. Bryan announces himself a candidate for the office of County Treasurer, before the Republican convention. He has endeavored to conduct the business of the office in such a manner as to merit the approval of the voters of Cowley county.


Register of Deeds.

We are authorized by the old comrades and friends of Jacob Nixon, of Vernon township, to announce him as a candidate for the office of Register of Deeds, subjecxt to the decision of the Republican convention, September 22nd, 1877.



Register of Deeds.

I hereby announce myself as a candidate, from Creswell township, for the office of Register of Deeds.









Of the largest stock of


Ever brought into Southern Kansas.

I have for sale the well-known ST. LOUIS HAND MADE BOOTS and SHOES, in Single, Double, and Lap Soles. The BEST BOOTS that can be made in KIP, VEAL, AND CALF.


Also the CELEBRATED CHICAGO BOOT, together with the best assorted stock of Ladies', Misses, and Children's goods ever shown in Southern Kansas.

Call and see my Goods at Prices that People Cannot Refuse to Buy.

Hoping for the continuance of past patronage, I remain,

Yours truly,





Go to McGuire & Crippen's for dry goods.


The finest stock of Ladies fine Shoes in the city at

W. C. ROOT & CO.'S.



JAMES ALLEN, Proprietor.

One door south of Baldwin's Drug Store,

Winfield, Kansas.

Choice and tender steaks, roasts, and all kinds of fresh meats always on hand.



[Beginning Thursday, September 20, 1877.]

Beginning with this issue:






Gen. Sturgis is pursuing the Nez Perces down Clark's ford, overtook them and fought them a whole day, killing or capturing several hundred Indians and taking 150 horses.



There is considerable feeling in the county over the chairmanship of the Republican County Central Committee. Some of the townships have made that an issue in their primary meetings. We understand a few parties are disposed to drag it into the convention to be held next Saturday. If this is done, it is liable to result in the holding of two conventions and the nomination of two tickets. Under such circumstances what should be the policy of the men who believe in the party and rejoice at its success?

The writer of this article does not care to discuss the question of the chairmanship of the central committee. He was not here when Mr. Johnston was selected for the place, does not know by what means he secured it, and does not think the question of sufficient importance to merit much attention. If, all things considered, Mr. Johnston is the proper man for the place, the people will endorse the men who put him there. If the selection was unfortunate, their action will not be sustained.

When we assumed control of the COURIER, it contained a call for a county convention signed by Mr. Eagin as secretary of the central committee. Soon after Mr. Johnston handed us another one worded almost as the first and signed by himself as chairman. Since then these two calls have been published in the same column and strange as it may appear, they have not quarreled.

Is it not possible for the delegates elected under these two calls to meet in the same hall, transact the business for which they have been chosen, and adjourn without any serious disturbance? We believe it is, and we believe the time has come when personalism should be banished from the politics of this county.

The primaries of last Saturday were largely attended and they show clearly that the party belongs to no man nor clique. It is a party of principle and every attempt to make it one of prejudices should be condemned.

We believe that Mr. Johnston has always claimed to be a Republican. However that may be, he is now serving as chairman of our central committee. Unless he resigns or is deposed by the committee, it will be his duty and privilege to call the county convention to order. This will end his duties unless the convention reelects him. It is a small matter not worth making a fight about. We hope that the delegates to the convention will look at this as we do. We believe they will. It is for the good of the party that they should. It is very important that there should be a good worker as chairman of that committee, for the success of the coming canvass depends largely on his efficiency. We hope this matter will receive the attention it merits, and that the position will be filled by one not inferior as a speaker to the present incumbent.





Items from the W. V. Times.

The depot building is fast approaching completion.

The iron bridge for the Walnut--a ninety feet span--came in on the railroad a few days ago and was taken from here to Augusta by six or eight teams on Monday last.

The Walnut Valley Oil Company let a contract last Monday to Mr. Spencer, for boring a five-inch hole one thousand feet deep for the sum of $2,500, work to commence at once and to be completed by March 1st. A hole 1,000 feet deep will strike coal, petroleum, lead, or something else. But we will not predict. The indications for coal are excellent and the boring will commence at once.



Republican Convention.

The following persons are elected delegates to the Republican convention at the Courthouse next Saturday.

Beaver. M. Teter, A. B. Littell.

Bolton. Hawkins, Buzzi.

Cedar. Wiley, W. A. Metcalf.

Creswell. A. A. Chamberlain, R. A. Houghton, T. E. Manter, Dr. Cormack. [Manter ? Thought it was Mantor ?]

Dexter. J. F. Hardin, Wallace Craiger.

Harvey. Martin Barber, Robt. Strother.

Liberty. J. H. Mounts, Henry Collier.

Maple. H. H. Seiverd [? Thought it was Siverd ?],

W. B. Norman.

Ninnescah. Dr. Keffer, Leonard Stout.

Omnia. W. H. Gilliard, E. Henthorn.

Otter. J. J. Smith, Hiram Utt.

Pleasant Valley. T. J. Harris, Chas. Seacat

Richland. Daniel Maher, Samuel Groom, John R. Thompson.

Rock. Chas. Eagin, W. J. Funk, Geo. H. Williams.

Silver Creek. Wm. May, Harvey Smith.

Silverdale. B. French, B. W. Herbert.

Sheridan. H. Treadway.

Spring Creek. Wiley.

Tisdale. J. S. Baker, O. P. West.

Vernon. F. W. Schwantes, P. M. Waite, C. S. Smith.

Windsor. M. Jackson, J. Reynolds, Geo. Lee.

Winfield. Jno. E. Allen, H. L. Barker, W. P. Hackney,

N. M. Chaffee, L. J. Webb, and Sampson Johnson.





EDITOR COURIER: As our public schools open throughout the county some changes will be needed in text books. But no district should make changes unless upon very urgent reasons. If bad books are in use, they should of course be thrown out. If a school has no uniformity in text books, all but those of one kind should be discarded. The law makes it obligatory upon school boards to make uniform the books of their respective schools. To do otherwise is the worst kind of extravagance. Without uniformity in books, the teachers are crippled in their labors. Where this does not exist, the blame rests wholly on the school board, as the law put this matter entirely into their hands. Where uniformity exists, changes should seldom be made, and then only upon good grounds. A good teacher can do good work with even bad text books, for such a teacher is independent of his books. But poor teachers, cheap teachers, are compelled to depend upon books in teaching, and hence should be supplied with the best works published. It is true with books and it is true with teachers, that the best are the cheapest, and the poor ones are the most expensive. We have books in use in the county that should be discontinued because of their worthlessness. But wherever good books are in use, school boards should make changes with great caution and reluctance, the arguments of interested parties to the contrary notwithstanding.





The following is the vote on the Emporia railroad proposition, as far as heard from.


Beaver 60 13

Bolton 127 2

Cedar 3 18

Creswell 268 2

Dexter 8 72

Harvey -- 63

Liberty 1 33

Maple 6 48

Nennescah 2 46

Omnia -- 27

Otter (South) -- 19

Pleasant Valley 40 9

Richland 4 102

Rock 113 8

Sheridan 5 46

Silver Creek -- 58

Silverdale 47 7

Spring Creek 1 20

Tisdale 5 63

Vernon 10 22

Windsor 1 88

Winfield 332 62


FOR: 1,033



The north precinct in Otter yet to hear from, which will probably be about twenty votes against, reducing the majority below 200.





Notice the Williams House card in this issue.




Opened Monday, September 10, 1877. A new brick building. Everything new, clean, and attractive. The traveling public will find accommodations up to city standard.

Good Sample Rooms.





Rock, Cowley Co., Kansas.



Physician and Surgeon.

Office and residence, corner of Eleventh and Millington streets, Winfield, Kansas.




At Tarrant's old stand. Will supply you with Bread, Pastry, Fruit, and Confectioneries at low prices. He has a No. 1 baker. Call and see.

Fresh made Candies.



JAMES ALLEN, Proprietor.

One door south of Baldwin's Drug Store, Winfield, Kansas.

Choice and tender steaks, roasts, and all kinds of fresh meats always on hand.



JOS. LIKOWSKI, Proprietor.

The oldest house in the city. Choice Kentucky whiskies, wines, beer, and cigars always ready to be "set up" (for the cash) by "Old Joe."




Bliss, Earnest & Co. have new goods on the way.

Wallis & Wallis have a choice stock of groceries.

A. A. Jackson is running the Jim Hill restaurant.

Wilson & Harter have some new buggies. Try them.

H. S. Silver has gone into the country after a big snake.

The city schools commenced Monday with 165 scholars.

Hurrah for the Emporia railroad. The bonds are carried.

Every store in Winfield did a rousing business last Saturday.

Tyrrell says the livery business never was better than now.

W. B. Norman, Esq., of Maple township, was in town yesterday.

W. C. Root & Co. are enjoying an excellent trade in boots and shoes.

Chas. Eagin is practicing law and will be found at Rock.

The Courier will be represented at the Kansas City Exposition this week.

C. C. Black started for Illinois for a visit among his friends last Friday.

W. H. Stump's new business building is fast progressing toward completion.

C. J. Brane has been budding peach trees for us. He knows how to do it.

Dr. Mansfield, at his drug store, has just received a large lot of school books.

Harter Bros. & Co. are receiving new goods at their store, McMillen's old stand.

Messrs. Lynn & Gillelen will move their goods into Maris' new building next Monday.

Jim Huey was with us again last week assisting Treasurer Bryan in his arduous labors.

Messrs. Hill & Christie have moved their meat market two doors south of Read's bank.

McGuire & Crippin are daily in receipt of new goods. See their special, wheat wanted.

Mr. T. D. Lewis, capitalist of Utica, New York, is looking after his investments in this county.

Winfield has more money invested in churches than any other city in Southern Kansas.



Esq. Helbert, of Silverdale, was in town yesterday and favored us with an item. Thanks.

Our estimate of the peach crop was too small. Cowley will have about 25,000 bushels.

Col. Manning has returned from St. Louis. He has been looking after the narrow gauge railroad.

Mc. D. Stapleton, of Lazette, was in town yesterday. He is enthusiastic for the Parsons road.

Dr. Wagner of Dexter, gave us a call yesterday and reports Dexter still alive and flourishing.

Rev. J. L. Rusbridge returned home Monday evening looking less fatigued than when he left.

Col. G. M. Simcock says he has all the work he can do selling the Estlin stock of goods at cost.

Mr. H. Jochems has just received a carload of cooking and heating stoves which he will sell at low prices.

Will Leonard, of Arkansas City, a jolly good type, graced the COURIER with his presence last Saturday.

A social little knock down between two of our citizens gave tone to the general excitement last Saturday.

BIRTH. Judge Gans is proud and happy. It is a girl and the Judge says she is not a candidate for any county office.

L. C. HARTER has gone to Kansas City for a new burr, a wheat duster, and flour packer for the Tunnel Mills.

It is said that the Indians never kiss their wives. If the squaws that visit Winfield are a fair sample, who would?

Walter Denning, our city auctioneer, left last Monday for Paola, this State. He will be gone about four weeks.

Miss Josephine E. Mansfield has bought out Mrs. M. M. Goddard and intends to open a first class millinery establishment.

BIRTH. And now cometh Dr. Davis and testifyeth that it is a boy and he has named him Winfield Cowley Davis. Good, Doctor, good.

Miss Sue Barnes, sister-in-law of the Hon. W. P. Campbell, is visiting in Winfield as the guest of Miss Kate Millington.

Still time for first class photos. Gray will remain in Winfield another month--perhaps permanently. Gallery by Bliss' store.


Read J. C. Franklin's proclamation in another column. Now is your time to buy harnesses and saddles cheap.

Ad: Harness exchanged for good wood by J. C. Franklin.

Ad: J. C. Franklin's Proclamation No. 1. As I wish to return to California, I will sell my entire stock of Harness, Saddles, etc., at reduced prices for cash.



See J. M. Dever's card, Star Bakery. He has a first class baker and candy maker, and his customers are well pleased with his wares.

Prof. Lemmon returned to Topeka last Monday. Miss Jessie Millington went with him. She is to spend the winter at the State capitol.

Mr. R. Birnbaum has returned to Winfield with his family and has come to stay and run the only cigar factory in Cowley county.

Hotel arrivals in this city, for the week ending September 19th, 1877, number as follows: Central, 57; City, 66; Williams House, 38.

Mr. Leonard Farr, one of the staunch men of Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, has been in this vicinity for some time looking after the Requa estate.

Harter, Harris & Co., are making extensive improvements at the Tunnel Mills. Stone masons are at work building solid foundations.

The bells of the kitchen gave a surprise party to Miss Jessie Millington on last Friday evening in honor of her departure for a visit to Topeka.

Somebody will be disappointed next Saturday. We have counted them over time and again and cannot find quite half enough offices to go around.

Mr. Firman, a mile and a half east of town, has one of the most extensive peach orchards in the county. The peaches he exhibits are simply immense.

Frank Gallotti has got the finest lot of boots and shoes ever brought to Winfield. He buys exclusively for cash and is able to compete in price with anybody.

We have accumulated a large amount of editorial and local matter which is crowded out this week for want of room. We propose to enlarge as soon as possible.

An immense amount of material has been collected at the south bridge. The derrick is up and the abutments will soon be built. The iron will be here about Oct. 10th.

A few weeks ago the man who did not have a carriage, or at least a buggy, was of no account; but these toys have got to be so common in Winfield now that the owners are quite approachable.

Mrs. Mansfield and son, Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Black, Mr. C. S. Thomas, W. D. Roberts, Wm. Hudson, and T. M. McGuire are attending the Kansas City exposition.

Baird Bros. are filling their store with their fall stock of goods. They are thorough businessmen and realize the fact that next to printer's ink a good stock of goods is the best advertisement.

Gary C. Roberts, son of John C. Roberts, brought us on Tuesday a peck of the largest and finest peaches we have ever seen, many of them measuring nine inches in circumference. Many thanks.

John Hoenscheidt, architect and civil engineer, has bought W. E. Doud's house in Winfield and moved into it with his family. Mr. Hoenscheidt comes well recommended and will be a valuable acquisition to our city.



Uncle Rube Rodgers, that indefatigable auctioneer and chicken hunter, accompanied by his family, is with us once more and has gone to work just where he left off, as if he hadn't been a wanderer for two years.

J. W. Thomas, who lives near Tisdale, met with a heavy loss by fire last week. His house, with all his furniture, bedding, clothing, library, etc., was destroyed. The family were absent from the house when the fire was discovered.

Eugene E. Bacon, from Burlington, Kansas, is in town and proposes to open in the jewelry business. He is a graduate of the Waltham Watch Factory and understands watches and all the branches of his business thoroughly. We welcome such businessmen.

Hon. E. P. Bancroft has been in this county for the past week at work for the Emporia Narrow Gauge railroad. He was the man who initiated the idea of building a narrow gauge road from Kansas City via Emporia down the Walnut Valley, and has done more persistent hard work in organizing the present project and putting it in its present working condition than any other man, and we predict that if we get a road down this valley within the next five years, it will be that road and we shall owe it to Major Bancroft. He has made hosts of friends in this county, and the time will come when his labors in our behalf will be fully appreciated.

A camp meeting will be held at a grove on Posey creek, one mile south of the Brane schoolhouse, in Pleasant Valley, commencing Wednesday, Sept. 26th, under the auspices of the United Brethren. A number of ministers from abroad will be in attendance.

MARRIED. GRAHAM - ROBERTS. Mr. A. B. Graham and Miss Emily Roberts entered the state of double blessedness last Monday evening, and started for the State of Ohio the next morning. Rev. J. L. Rusbridge arrived from the east just in time to tie the knot. We wish the happy couple much joy and a safe return.

Friends of the parties will be pleased to learn that our friend, Linus S. Webb, and his brother, Howell, both brothers of our L. J. Webb, are attending the far famed University at An Arbor, Michigan. They are intelligent and gentlemanly fellows and we predict that they will prove an honor to the institution.


We invite attention to the advertisement of the Kansas State Agricultural College in this issue. This institution is in the management of one of the most accomplished educators in the whole country, President John A. Anderson, and is the place for obtaining a thorough and practical education.








Four Years' Course.


No Tuition or Contingent Fees!

Students can meet part of their expenses by paid labor. Fall term opened Aug. 23rd and closes Dec. 20, 1877. Students can enter at any time. Send for catalogue to JNO. A. ANDERSON, President, Manhattan, Kansas.


JOHN W. BARBER gives notice in another column that on the 27th inst. he will make application for a pardon. We are surprised at his doing this. He is the guest of the county and is as highly honored in Winfield as Gen. Grant is in Eurrope. Some months ago the mayor presented him with "the freedom of the city."

Notice of Application for Pardon.

Notice is hereby given that on the 27th day of September, 1877, the undersigned will apply to the Governor of the State of Kansas for the pardon of one John W. Barger, now confined in the jail of Cowley county, Kansas, having been convicted at the May term, 1877, of the district court of said county, of the offense of assault with intent to rape.


Attorney for John W. Barber.

Winfield, Kansas, Sept. 6, 1877.




The streets of Winfield presented a lively appearance on Saturday last. The hitching posts were all occupied and the streets were throunged with vehicles coming and going; a couple of auction sales, a candy factory, the political squabble, dashing carriages and buggies, gave to the streets quite an appearance suggestive of Broadway, New York.

C. A. Bliss & Co. have sent us from the Winfield City Mills a bag of flour marked "Our best, from the cream of the wheat." There are no X's on the bag, for it would take too many to express the superior quality of this flour. Our wife has tried it, has tried a great deal of other flour, is familiar with the best St. Louis Brands, and says that Bliss' "Our best," is equal to the best she has ever tried.


The boys tell one on Shenneman: Our friend, James McDermott, has a young man stopping with him. He just came into the country lately, and is looking around with a view to locating. He is rather new to our county politics, but Shenneman heard he was working for the Lippman delegation, and he posted off in hot haste to electioneer him. The young man weighs ten pounds and Mac calls him his baby. How is it A. T.?



Mr. John P. McMillen has returned to Colorado Springs, where he goes into the hotel business as proprietor of the Howard House of that place. His family started yesterday. They are forced to make this move on account of Mr. McMillen's health. We heartily commend this excellent family to the good people of Colorado Springs. They will be a valuable acquisition to that place. They have a host of friends in Winfield who deeply regret their depature.

The Republican primary meeting held in this city last Saturday was attended with unusual interest and excitement. W. Q. Mansfield was chairman and J. M. Bear secretary. The principal battle was between the candidates for sheriff. Two sets of delegates were voted for, the one ticket being put in the field by the friends of Walker, the other by the friends of Shenneman, and the township was scoured for votes. The result was the election of the Walker ticket by a majority of one in a total vote of 355.

"Dr. J. M. Wright, of Hopeville, started for Kansas yesterday, taking with him his family and property, intending tto establish himself permanently at Winfield, in that State. The Doctor has proved to the people of this county that he is a worthy, capable gentleman, who richly deserves the confidence of the people, and success in life, wherever he may go. Clark county sustains a loss in the departure of Dr. Wright, and Kansas makes a substantial gain in acquiring him." We clip the above from the Osceola (Iowa) Beacon, of Sept. 13th. The Dr. J. M. Wright alluded to is a cousin of our Dr. W. O. Wright, of Winfield, who is "all right."

Rev. J. C. Hill, of Adrian, Michigan, will deliver a lecture, interspersed with reading, at the courthouse on tomorrrow (Friday) evening. The proceeds to be applied for the benefit of the new Presbyterian church. Admittance 25 cents. Mr. Hill is highly recommended as an orator and humorist, and has made his name quite famous in Michigan.





The new Presbyterian church will be dedicated on Sunday morning next, Sept. 23rd. Rev. F. S. McCabe, of Topeka, will preach the occasional sermon. Mr. McCabe is the oldest preacher of the denomination in the State, and has acquired a reputation as a deep thinker, a sound preacher, and a pleasing orator, second to none in the State.

In the afternoon a conference will be held in which several ministers will make short addresses: subject, "The church in its relations to society."

In the evening will be held a praise meeting.

A considerable number of preachers from adjoining counties will take part in the exercises. All are invited to attend.



[County Surveyor.]


County Surveyor.

We would call special attention to the announcement of

G. S. Manser as a candidate for nomination to the office of county surveyor in another column. The matter of sheriff and some other offices has so absorbed the attention of the party that the office of county surveyor has received very little attention. Yet this is the office above all others in which incompetency is most disastrous to a county. If your surveyor is incompetent, if he makes mistakes, endless litigation will follow and the county will be continually disturbed with neighborhood wars. There are plenty of men in the county capable of performing well the duties of any other office in the county, but the men who are fully competent for the office of county surveyor are scarce indeed. We know G. S. Manser well, know him to be thoroughly well qualified for the office. He is a mathematician by nature and education; was educated as a surveyor and engineer, has had long experience in the business in the employ of the government, and of the public, and as a railroad engineer. He is careful and accurate, and a skillful draftsman. The convention will honor itself and confer a great benefit on the county by making him its nominee, not because he is thorough Republican, but because he is eminently fit for the place.

ANNOUNCEMENT: County Surveyor.

We are authorized to announce Mr. G. S. Manser as a candidate for the office of County Surveyor, before the Republican convention which meets next Saturday.





DIED. Of consumption, in Tisdale Township, on the 18th inst., in the 48th year of his age, Hiram Chase, brother of S. W. Chase, of Tisdale Township.

Howard County (Indiana) papers, please copy.




Topeka has purchased a new steam fire engine at a cost of $4,600.

Ottawa has a miniature steamboat. It is used by excursion parties on the Marias des Cygnes.

Coffeyville is now without a bank. Two have failed there recently. One of the bankers has just been convicted of embezzlement. [Mr. M. R. Eby, cashier of the banking firm of Noah Eby & Co., has been convicted of embezzlement.]


Nez Perce Indians.

Gen. Sheridan has received an official account of the battle of Big Hole, of August 8th, from Col. Gibbons, who says that the white inhabitants of Montana sustained and helped the Nez Perces by supplying them with provisions. The Indians Numbered 200. Gibbon by forced marches with 144 men and officers and 34 citizens, overtook them and made the attack late at night. The Indians sought shelter in the bushes and poured volleys into the troops who were on open ground. In a few minutes the whole camp was in possession of the troops, but the Indians continued the firing at long range; but were finally so much cut up that they withdrew. Gibbon's loss was 29 killed and 40 wounded. The Indians left 89 dead on the field.


The proposition in Elk county to vote $40,000 bonds to the Emporia narrow gauge road carried on the 11th inst. by a large majority.





WINFIELD, KANSAS, Sept. 22, 1877.

Pursuant to the call of the Republican County Central Committee, of Cowley county, the delegates assembled in convention at the courthouse, in the city of Winfield, on Saturday, Sept. 22, 1877, at 11 o'clock a.m.

The convention was called to order by T. K. Johnston, Chairman of the Republican County Central Committee.

On motion Albert Chamberlain of Creswell township, was chosen temporary chairman, and Chas. H. Eagin, of Rock township, temporary secretary.

On motion the following committees were appointed by the chairman: Committee on permanent organization, C. A. Metcalf, A. A. Wiley, Robt. Strother, C. S. Smith, and H. L. Barker.

Committee on credentials, W. P. Hackney, H. H. Siverd, James Utt, G. W. Herbert, and Daniel Maher.

On motion convention adjourned to meet at half past 1 o'clock.

A. CHAMBERLAIN, Temporary Chairman.

CHAS. EAGIN, Temporary Secretary.


Convention called to order by the chairman.

The committee on credentials submitted the following report.

Mr. Chairman: Your committee on credentials beg leave to request that the following townships and delegates therefrom are entitled to representation and seats in this convention.

Maple: H. H. Siverd and W. B. Norman.

Winfield: J. E. Allen, H. L. Barker, W. P. Hackney, N. M. Chaffey, L. J. Webb, and S. Johnson.

Ninnescah: A. S. Capper, Len Stotle.

Harvey: Robt. Strother, Martin Barber.

Spring Creek: A. A. Wiley, J. B. Callison.

Richland: Sam'l. Groom, J. R. Thompson, Daniel Maher.

Vernon: W. F. Schwantes, P. M. Waite, Chas. S. Smith.

Sheridan: C. Treadway, J. W. Dow.

Tisdale: O. P. West, J. S. Baker.

Silverdale: Benjamin French, G. W. Herbert.

Beaver: S. B. Littell, M. S. Teter.

Windsor: J. W. Jackson, Jos. Reynolds, Geo. Lee.

Bolton: L. Harkins, M. Bussi [? Buzzi ?], J. O. Herbert.

Omnia: J. L. Parsons, E. A. Henthorn.

Otter: J. J. Smith, Jas. Utt.

Liberty: Henry Colyer, J. H. Mounts.

Rock: Chas. H. Eagin, Frank Akers, Wm. J. Funk.

Creswell: A. Chamberlain, D. W. Cormic, Kendall Smith, Reuben Houghton.

Silver Creek: Harvey Smith, Mr. Peters.

Dexter: Jas. Harden, Fred Coger, John Wallace.

Cedar: W. A. Metcalf, Henry Thompson.

Pleasant Valley: Chas. Seacat, T. J. Harris.

Total: 56 delegates.

Respectfully submitted.

W. P. Hackney,

Dan'l. Maher,

H. H. Siverd,

Jas. Utt,

G. W. Herbert.

On motion the report was adopted.

The committee on permanent organization submitted the following report.

Mr. Chairman: Your committee on permanent organization and order of business beg leave to submit the following report.

For permanent chairman, J. B. Callison; for permanent secretary, Chas. H. Eagin; assistant secretary, R. A. Houghton. That the order of business be as follows.

1st. Selection of County Central Committee.

2nd. Nominations in the following order: Sheriff, Coroner, County Clerk, County Treasurer, Register of Deeds, County Surveyor, and County Commissioners.

3rd. That in balloting for each candidate the secretary shall call the roll and each delegate as his name is called will answer with the name of the person he desires to vote for.

W. H. Metcalf,

A. A. Wiley,

C. S. Smith,

R. S. Strother,

H. L. Barker.

On the question of the adoption of the report, a motion prevailed to adopt the order of business, excepting the selection of Central Committee and the manner of voting for candidates.

It was then moved and carried that the selection of County Central Committee be the last thing in the order of business, and that tellers be appointed to receive and count the votes for candidates in the regular way.

Nominations being next in order, a motion to take an informal ballot to bring out candidates for Sheriff was carried.

On the first ballot Leon Lippman received 21 votes; A. T. Shenneman, 16; Geo. Walker, 15; S. W. Chase, 4.

The balloting continued until the 24th ballot was reached, when the convention adjourned for supper.

At 7 p.m. convention called to order and proceeded with the ballot for sheriff. At the 45th ballot S. W. Chase withdrew from the race. When the 53rd ballot was reached, A. T. Shenneman withdrew in favor of Lippman, followed by Geo. Walker.

A motion carried to suspend the rules and call the roll of the house on the question of making Mr. Lippman the nominee. The roll was called and resulted in favor of Lippman, who was declared nominated.

Nominations for Coroner being next in order, Dr. J. Headrick and Dr. W. G. Graham were nominated. The ballot for Coroner resulted as follows: Dr. Graham, 38; Headrick, 13. Graham was declared nominated.

Nominations for County Clerk being next in order L. J. Webb announced that M. G. Troup had withdrawn in favor of J. S. Hunt and moved the nomination of Hunt by acclamation. The motion prevailed and Hunt was so nominated.

Nominations for County Treasurer being next in order, T. R. Bryan having no opposition was nominated by acclamation.

Next in order was Register of Deeds. Jacob Nixon received 5 votes, E. P. Kinne, 30, Chas. Irwin, 10, M. G. Roseberry, 4, I. S. Bonsall, 5. E. P. Kinne was declared nominated.

Next in order was County Surveyor. G. S. Manser and N. A. Haight were nominated. Manser received 5 votes, Haight, 44; result declared in favor of Haight.

On motion a county central committee consisting of one member from each township was chosen by the delegates from the respective townships. The following gentlemen were selected:

Maple, W. B. Norman; Winfield, L. J. Webb; Ninnescah, H. Martin; Harvey, L. L. Newton; Spring Creek, J. B. Callison; Richland, N. J. Larkin; Vernon, P. M. Waite; Sheridan, B. Longshore; Tisdale, S. W. Chase; Silverdale, John Tipton; Beaver, C. W. Roseberry; Windsor, S. M. Fall; Bolton, Reuben Bowers; Omnia, W. H. Gilliard; Otter, C. R. Miles; Liberty, Justus Fisher; Rock, Frank Akers; Creswell, C. R. Mitchell; Silver Creek, A. P. Brooks; Dexter, H. C. McDorman; Cedar, W. A. Metcalf; Pleasant Valley, T. J. Harris.

The following named gentlemen were nominated by the delegates from their respective districts as candidates for County Commissioners:

1st District: Geo. L. Gale.

2nd District: W. M. Sleeth.

3rd District: R. F. Burden.

On motion convention adjourned.

J. B. CALLISON, Chairman.

CHAS. H. EAGIN, Secretary.

R. A. HOUGHTON, Assistant Secretary.




Official count of the vote on the Emporia railroad proposition was given in this issue. Not bothering with breakdown given...Total for: 1,033; against: 865.

Majority for railroad: 168.








Opposite Read's Bank,


Needles, Oil, Attachments, and Supplies for all machines always on hand.

J. A. SEXTON, Agent for Cowley.


1872 1877




Winfield, Kansas,

Special Agent for the "NEW NO. 8,"

For the Counties of Cowley, Sumner, Elk, and Chautauqua.

A new Machine with straight needle, particularly self-setting. No shuttle to thread, work runs back from operator, does not oil thread or goods.

It is the simplest and easiest to handle; runs easily, quietly, and rapidly, and is the most durable and best Machine in the World. Sold on Easy Terms and Fully Warranted.


We are also prepared to furnish Organs and Pianos of the best standard makes at reasonable prices, on terms to suit purchasers. We make a specialty of the new AMAGIC STOP@ ORGAN, which possesses special advantages over other organs.

Call and See and Hear them at our Rooms on Main St.

Stock or Produce taken in payment for Machines, Organs, or Pianos.


Needles, Oils, Attachments, and Repairs for all Machines.

Office on Main Street.




Winfield Courier, September 20, 1870.



Harter, Harris & Co.,

Proprietors of the Old Reliable


The above named firm is paying the highest cash price for wheat. They Grind for Cash, They grind for Toll, They grind the best Flour in the Valley. GIVE THEM A TRIAL.

The exchange Flour for Wheat, Flour for Corn, Flour for ACorn in the ear.@ No other Mill in the county offers to do this. Flour, Meal, Bran, and Chop Feed always on hand.


One Half Mile South of the City.




A. H. GREEN is opening in the real estate business.

It has been dry, windy, and dusty for the last week.

Wm. Newton has a large stock of harnesses and saddles.

The corn is mostly ripe and an early frost could do but little damage.

Sid Major drives a span of handsome and well matched cream-colored horses now.

Our gentlemanly boot and shoe man, W. C. Root, reports a lively trade last Saturday.

The convention balloted 56 times last Saturday in nominating a candidate for sheriff.

The Central Hotel registered 65 names last Saturday, the City 56, and the Williams House 49.

Mr. A. Howland is at home. The "Knights of Honor" have engrossed his special attention of late.

DIED. The young child of Mr. H. Brotherton, a boy, died last Sunday. Mr. Brotherton has our sympathy in his affliction.

The Rev. J. C. Hill, who has lectured and preached in Winfield recently, is a brother of our townsman, J. L. M. Hill.

Our friend, Tony Boyle, is stopping at Wichita now, for the present, where he is engaged in buying and selling grain.

L. C. Harter has returned from Kansas City. He succeeded in purchasing the new machinery wanted for the Tunnel Mills.

They made Lippman stand upon the table and make a speech when he was declared by the convention the nominee for sheriff.

Mr. Millington, editor of this paper, has gone to Eldorado and Wichita, accompanied by Mrs. Millington. They will attend the Wichita exposition.

Building operations are still lively in Winfield. More new buildings have been erected this year than in any previous year.

S. H. Myton has got stoves until you cannot rest. His backyard is full of them and he is looking around for a place to put them.



That's funny! Timothy McIntire, formerly of this vicinity, is president of the Democratic club at Arkansas City. Emporia News.

Hotel arrivals, in this city, for the week ending September 26th, 1877, number as follows: Central, 121; City, 91; Williams House, 70.

Tell W. Walton is a candidate for the office of county surveyor in Sumner county.

There will be a meeting in Winfield tomorrow (Friday) evening, to organize the Grand Lodge of the State of Kansas of the "Knights of Honor."

We understand that a gentleman by the name of S. Suss will put in a stock of dry goods and clothing in the building lately vacated by Lynn & Gillelen.

Messrs. Lynn & Gillelen have moved into Maris' new building. They have more room for their immense stock of goods than any other house in the border tier.

LYNN & GILLELEN moved into their new quarters last Monday. They have the best storerroom in town, and their goods are well displayed and arranged, presenting a very attractive appearance.

The camp meeting of the United Brethren on Posey creek, 52 miles south of Winfield, commenced last evening and will continue until Sunday night or longer. There are refreshments provided on the grounds.


Notice Mrs. Stump's new advertisement in another column. Mrs. Stump has had much experience in her business and is gifted with good taste and judgment. Ladies will be sure to be pleased with her stock and prices.


Has just returned from Chicago with an immense stock of





Which, having bought at bargains, she will sell cheap for CASH.

Ladies will please call and examine her stock of


A full Line of Buttons,


Latest Novelties in Canvas,



Decalcomania & Cigar lighters,

Ladies' Reform Dress Goods.

Ruches, Two for 5 cts.


Mrs. Stump has spared no pains or expense in visiting the

Trimming department, and feels confident she can please the most fastidious.

Mrs. Stump ia agent also for selling the Magic Plaiter, which is far superior to any other.


Done on short notice and warranted to give satisfaction.




A number of Arkansas City gentlemen have called at the COURIER office during the past week. Among the number were Mr. A. P. Stanley, of the postoffice, Mr. I. H. Bonsall, E. G. Gray, of the Traveler, and J. H. Sherburne.


See the new ad of Mr. Eugene E. Bacon, watch maker and jeweler, formerly of Burlington, this State. Mr. Bacon is a first class workman and will warrant satisfaction. You will find him one door north of the new brick hotel.





Winfield, Kansas.

Manufactures to order, and keeps constantly on hand, a full line of Watches, Clocks, and Jewelry of latest styles.


Skillfully and promptly done, and all work Warranted satisfactory.




We got the names of the delegates to the Republican convention last week quite wrong in many cases. We used the best means we had, to get the facts. Will our friends throughout the county please furnish us as early as possible with such information and much oblige.

While in Lynn & Gillelen's new store last Tuesday morning, Mrs. Swain had her pocket book, containing about $15 in greenbacks and currency, and Black Hills gold to the amount of $7.50, stolen. The supposed thief, Merc. Young, of Eldorado, was immediately arrested, searched, and put in the "cooler" until the property was returned. He was released on condition that he would leave the county within a given time.

Mrs. Mansfield has returned from the Kansas City Exposition, and says that in works in art and ornament the display was rather meagre, but the displays of goods from different mercantile houses, and of machinery, were large and excellent. She did not notice the blooded stock, but believes this display to have been the been the superior attraction to others. She much admired the trotting of Goldsmith Maid, and is not willing to believe the great show was Barnum's at all, it was so feeble.



The lecture on "Wit and Humor," delivered by the Rev. J. C. Hill, at the Courthouse on Friday evening, was well attended and was a decided sensation. The lecturer is a young man of good looks, pleasing address, and a first class elocutionist. His renderings of various selections and readings to illustrate the subject of his lecture were exquisite, and his audience were frequently convulsed with laughter. The general expression we have heard from those who attended has been that the lecture was the best of the kind they had ever heard.


NOT "A FRAUD." Some time since this paper had occasion to reflect upon L. Dresser, the St. Louis agent of the New York Watch Company. Since that time a satisfactory explanation of the delay in paying for his advertisement has been made, and we gladly acknowledge our error in having spoken disparagingly of him. A citizen of this place, not connected with this paper, has one of Mr. Dresser's watches and is very well pleased with it, and recommends them to those who are in need of good time pieces. Mr. Dresser's advertisement appears in another place in this paper.

AD: $20 American Watches for $10.

Your Express Agent will show you the watch before you pay

your money.

These are $4 American Movements put into a 3-oz. nickle case, worth $6 making Movement and Case $20. The case is better than silver, and will last longer. Can give you the case in Open Face or Hunting. We will send you Movement and Case by express, in good running order, and warrant the Watch to keep good time for one year, all for $10.

You can send money by Express or Post Office Order, or we will send the Watch

C. O. D., and your express agent can collect the money from you. Address all letters to


L. DRESSER, General Agent,

305 N. Seventh Street,



With an order of eight Watches at one time, we give ONE WATCH FREE.

Nickle Plated Chains, $.00, $.50, and $2.00 each.



Rev. J. E. Platter.

Rev. Dr. McCabe, in his preliminary remarks Sunday morning, paid a well merited compliment to the Rev. J. E. Platter, of this place, and added that he had it in his heart to say much more that might be too unseemly praise to be spoken in the presence of the subject of his commendation. We have it in our heart to say even more than all that the Rev. Dr. could have had to suppress. When Mr. Platter first came to Winfield four years ago we said: AWhat can that good looking boy do?@ We were told that he was rich as well as good looking. We answered, ASo much the worse; wealth will spoil any young man in his situation.@ But the young man has since labored among us pleasantly, earnestly, successfully. He found his church with scarcely more than a name, he has made it a great power for good. We owe it largely to his persistent energy and his means that we have the finest church building in Southern Kansas. He has made other valuable material improvements in our city and county, has labored with us in promoting our railroad and other enterprises for the general good, he has entered into our social life with his genial spirits, his ready wit, and his large fund of general information, he has become a leading preacher and lecturer, and is now honored, respected, and loved, not only by his own church but by all his acquaintances. May the bright promise of his early manhood be abundantly realized in his after life.


Winfield Courier, September 27, 1877.


The dedication of the new Presbyterian Church on last Sunday was an occasion of great interest. The house was furnished with beautiful and substantial seats, the rostrum with desk and chairs of the most beautiful and appropriate style, and the aisles with carpets. Greenhouse plants and flowers and trailing vines arranged with teaste added greatly to the enchantment of the scene. A large Oleander in full blossom was perhaps the most striking feature. There was a full choir, whose performance was excellent. About six hundred persons were seated comfortably and enjoyed the pleasing solemnity of the exercises. The statement of the board of trustees showed that the house had cost about eight thousand dollars, which was all paid up except about twenty-seven hundred dollars, and that some two hundred dollars more than that amount is pledged by citizens, the largest portion of which is immediately due and the balance due in six and twelve months, so the house may be considered as practically out of debt.

The exercises were conducted in a pleasing and impressive manner. The occasional sermon was delivered by the Rev. Dr. F. S. McCabe, of Topeka, which was listened to with marked attention. Rev. Berry, Rev. J. L. Rusbridge, Rev. C. J. Adams, Rev. E. P. Hickok, Rev. S. B. Fleming, of Arkansas City, Rev. J. C. Hill, of Michitan, and Rev. Patton, of Wellington, took part in the exercises of the day. Rev. J. E. Platter conducted the services in his usual graceful manner.

In the afternoon was held a conference meeting in which several clergymen delivered short addresses, and in the evening a sermon was delivered by Rev. J. C. Hill.


Winfield Courier, September 27, 1877.

DIED. Died at 8 o=clock a.m., September 26th, at the residence of her son-in-law, T. R. Bryan, Mrs. Sarah V., wife of Elder Joshua Jones, in the 75th year of her age.


Winfield Courier, September 27, 1877.

In Memoriam.


WHEREAS, It has pleased the Supreme Architect of the universe to summon hence Mrs. E. M. Thomas, the wife of our beloved brother, David Thomas, and while we reverentially and humbly bow with submission to this dark and afflicteive dispensation of our Supreme Grand Master who doeth all things well; we also feel more closely drawn toward our brother in his great affliction, therefore be it

Resolved, That we deeply share in the sorrow of Brother Thomas and the other relatives of the deceased, and hereby extend to them our heartfelt sympathy and condolence, and we beseech Him who is gracious, and merciful, to bind up their broken and bleeding hearts.

Resolved, That these resolutions be spread upon the minutes of this lodge and that the secretary furnish copies thereof to the city papers and request their publication.

By order of the Lodge.


JAMES KELLY, Secretary.

Winfield, Kansas, September 18, 1877.



Opening Services

At the Methodist church on Sabbath next, Sept. 30th. Preaching by the pastor at 11 a.m., sermon in monosyllables to the young.

At 7:30 p.m., sermon. Subject, "The Great Mystery."

The public are requested to visit the committee at the church on Friday next at 3 p.m., to select seats in the church. All seats free.

J. L. RUSBRIDGE, Pastor.


MARRIED. HATFIELD. - BROWN. By G. W. Herbert, J. P., at the residence of Mr. Cattell, in Silverdale township, Mr. Wm. Hatfield to Miss Martha Brown.





Correspondence From Lazette.

On Saturday, the 15th inst., in a shady grove in the Grouse Creek valley, about four miles above Lazette, the Armstrong Union Sunday School with other neighboring schools had a grand time. Mr. Story, County Superintendent, delivered a masterly address expatiating on the great necessity of keeping the Sabbath day by various sublime illustrations, man's dependence for physical, mental, and moral culture, exhorted all to keep the laws of nature (which were the laws of God) inviolate, observe strict obedience and unswerving loyalty to the laws of our being--of God and our country.

Elder Thomas, a Baptist minister, made a good speech; said many good things. His late bereavement of the companion of his bosom caused many a heart to vibrate in sympathy. Dr. Snyder, a Christian minister, was then called for by order of the programme. He made a lucid discourse upon the bible, its divisions, and how to study it. . . .

Interspersing all these exercises we had fine music, Miss Rosa Herr at the organ and a selection of the best musical talent of the country. Mr. Hall, marshal of the day, acquitted himself nobly. Messrs. Peebler and Smith, superintendents, gave all a fine reception. After all was over at the grounds we saw a couple joined in matrimony by Dr. Snyder on the banks of the Grouse. [Name of couple not given.]






Sitting Bull a College Graduate.

The New York World's correspondent at Fort Walsh, British Columbia, has the following about Sitting Bull.

In conversation after dinner, with one of the police officers the other day, he said Sitting Bull was a native of Fort Garry, and an alumnus of St. John's College. These statements Sitting Bull himself afterwards confirmed. Several old traders who have had a look at him declare they remember him well as Charlie Jacobs, a half breed who attended the college in its infancy, thirty years ago. This young Jacobs was an Objibway, and was a remarkably intelligent lad, with ambition to become a "Big Injun." He disappeared from Fort Garry about 1853. When asked by a police officer if he recollected anything about Fort Garry, Sitting Bull laughed heartily, and said he knew the principal people there--among others, Donald A. Smith, a Hudson Bay factor; James Sutherland, and Father Vary, now missionary at the Sault. He was also well acquainted with the late James Ross, Chief Justice of the Riel-Lepine Government in 1869-1870. Indeed, he says, they were boys together. Ross was a half breed who, after graduating at St. John's College, went to Toronto University, where he was gold medalist. Sitting Bull says his father, Henry Jacobs, was at one time employed as an interpreter by Father Prouix on Manitoulin Island, but whether the old gentleman is dead or not, he does not know. Sitting Bull is thoroughly familiar with French and English and several Indian languages. He is about 42 or 43 years of age, a medium sized, athletic built man, of no distinguished traits beyond those always found in a half breed. He is an excellent conversationalist, and will talk on every subject but his plans for the future.




Cedarvale Blade: Quite a number of cattle have died in this vicinity of a disease supposed to be dry murrain.


J. L. King, the correspondent who offended the Dexter girls last year, is about to marry a sister of Mrs. Thos. Ryan.


The Blade says: At Ross City, at the home of Peter Funk, a Mr. Alexon, in an altercation about a pig, shot Funk through the heart, killing him instantly.


Gen. A. L. Pearson, commander of Pennsylvania State troops during the riot, was arrested recently on complaint of a citizen of Pittsburgh charging him with murder. He has since been released on a writ of habeas corpus.


We met in Wichita the Hon. H. L. Taylor, Register of the Land Office. He says he is doing a good business. About 100 Osage entries were made during the last month. Mr. Taylor proposes to visit Winfield before long.




In Elk, Chautauqua, and the eastern part of this county are many men engaged in the stock business who are clamorous for a law of Congress made with the consent of the Osages, authorizing the sale of all unentered lands in the Osage Diminished Reserve, at auction to the highest bidder, and our member, Hon. Thos. Ryan, seems to favor the project.

It occurs to us that this would not be a wise course, that the result would be to favor land monopoly, to throw large quantities of land into the hands of the few at very low prices.

The true land policy of the government is to give as many heads of families as possible permanent homesteads at the least possible cost to them, and we heartily favor a reduction of price for the unimproved Osage lands, even to the actual cost of survey and sale. We have never believed it just or right to give the Indians all the advantage that arises from the labors of settlers in improving this country. In 1870 but a small portion of this land was worth $1.25 per acre. The balance was then worth from ten cents to a dollar per acre and the average value of the whole reserve was not over forty cents if more than twenty-five cents per acre. In fact, in 1869 at Drum Creek the Osages made a treaty by which the whole reserve was to be sold to Sturgis of Chicago, for less than nineteen cents per acre.

Now because white men have settled and improved the country, these lands have risen in value to four times the value they then had and land that was not then worth thirty cents will now sell at $1.25.

There is no doubt that the Osages have already got all their lands were worth when they left them, and it is time some disposition of the balance was made that will benefit the country instead of making an enormous Indian fund from the labor of white settlers. Of course, we counsel honesty and adherence to treaties until modified, but we should say let the government make a treaty with the Indians by which their interest in the balance of these lands shall be extinguished for a small gross sum and then offer the land to actual settlers in quantities not exceeding 160 acres (including the Osage land each has already entered) at actual cost to the government, then give settlers at least five years to settle upon these lands and make homes and if at the end of that time any land is not entered, it will be because it is not suitable for homes; therefore, let it be sold to the highest bidders and this will give the stockmen sufficient opportunity to acquire large ranches at low prices.




We had last week at Wichita an interview with our former

M. C., who engineered in Congress the defeat of the Sturgis treaty and the passage of the act opening these Osage lands to settlement. He was quite indignant at the ingratitude of the settlers of the ceded lands of Labette and adjoining counties in failing to pay the late Gov. Wilson Shannon his fee in the great land suit by which they won their farms against the R. R. companies. Mr. Clarke [? title sez Clark ?] says that Gov. Shannon devoted two years of his life with all the resources of his powerful intellect and extensive legal knowledge and research to working up that case for the settlers, and has now deceased, leaving his family in need of all the money due him from them, and if they do not now promptly pay over the amount they agreed to pay, the are too mean to live in Kansas.



Hon. Thomas Ryan, our Member of Congress from this district, in his speech at Wichita, said:

"Our seventy-six millions of bushels of corn, produced in 1875, brought us but sixteen millions of dollars, while the same number of bushels reward the farmers of New York, Pennsylvania, and other Eastern States with fifty millions of dollars."

Now this is a very common error and one we are surprised that our observing member should have fallen into. He neglects to count the great difference in the first cost of the land, the preparation and manuring of the soil, and the cost of cultivating the crop in those States and in Kansas. Had he done this, he would have found them balancing the drawbacks of poor transportation and remoteness of markets referred to and would have placed Kansas where she belongs, in the front rank, as rewarding the toiling husbandman.





We believe our patrons will read with interest the following extract from the last letter of a very excellent series, written from Colorado for the Kansas City Journal of Commerce by its traveling correspondent, Mr. A. R. Green.

Concerning the San Juan country, he writes:

"I have not a word to say to those who have money to invest in that country. Money is the one thing needful out there, and the opportunities for investments are various and inviting. But I want to say to the laboring men who are thinking of removing to the San Juan, make haste slowly. Labor is not in demand in that country. Wages are low and living is high, and the working season short. The country is overrun with men out of employment, out of money, out of provisions, out of heart.

"Quartz mining is very different from placer mining. The one requires large capital, and years of preparation and experiment. The other requires a shovel and pan and a day's provisions. The one is for the rich man, the other for the poor man.

"San Juan is exclusively a quartz mining country, and no place for a poor man. Ten years from now when millions have been expended in developing the mines, there will be a demand for all the laborers that may apply, and the avenues for profitable employment will be increased a hundred fold.

"Somebody is terribly to blame for misrepresenting the facts in the case, and inducing so many men of no capital to go to that country. I met men who were well to do in Kansas and Missouri, but who had been allured to the San Juan by lying reports of its richness and availability, only to meet with disappointment and return, ruined in fortune and disgusted with life and with humanity. Men find themselves victimized, and after cursing their ill luck awhile, turn out to play the same game upon others.

"The consequence is a race of sharpers that are doing much, and will yet do much more, to arouse suspicion of the country's resources and retard its development.

"Three or four of these fellows lay their heads together and concoct a plan to sell shares in a mine. One of their number is sent East with samples of their ore and their assay to negotiate sales with 'tenderfoot' capitalists, and the chances are fearfully in favor of his being successful, and the unsuspecting purchaser finding when it is too late that he has been taken in and done for."

From the description of his trip in a four-horse stage-coach from Lake City to Silverton, we clip the following.

"I shall never forget the ride up Henson creek, over a toll road that was planned and built by three Yale graudates, along a route that seemed at every foot of the way to have been obstructed and blockaded by the Almighty; so steep and apparently inaccessible were the granite walls, and the fields of great boulders piled in grand and inextricable confusion across the route. But the impression this produced sank into insignificance in the contemplation of the view from the summit of Engineer mountain. One must go to Silverton to see mountains. Standing there on the great ridge of the San Juan, with a world of mountains around us, lifting their spectral forms into cloudland, with thousands of acres of snow glistening beneath us in the sunlight, with five rivers born of the snow, their sources at our feet, and their courses winding in and out among granite walls to the valleys of Colorado and the plains of Utah, then uniting their waters in one grander stream and stretching away under the cloudless skies and among the orange groves of California to the Pacific, we were lost in contemplation of the vastness, the grandeur, and the oppressive solitude of the scene, and a feeling of awe came over us as we seemed above the world, above the sphere of human effort--intruders upon the sacred precincts of Almighty God. How strangely out of place that stage and horses seemed, and how like desecration that giddy trail, zig-zagging up the mountain, until, in its serpentine course it had crossed the line of vision eleven times in reaching the summit. And then suddenly remembering the boy on the box, who had held a steady hand and kept an iron nerve as he guided that team along the brink of chasms within an inch of eternity to a point twelve thousand feet above the sounding sea, the whole party gave a hearty cheer for Will Goff and his dauntless courage and skill."




Sept. 21--

U. S. notes in treasury $84,319,697.

Bank notes in treasury 12,461,996.

Total: $96,681,693.

Redemption fund ....... $44,700,000.


Gen. Sturgis writes that at the fight and pursuit of the Nex Perces on the 13th, 14th, and 15th, 20 dead warriors were found, that more were killed, and the Indians' loss in wounded must be 60. Four soldiers were killed and 12 wounded.


Sitting Bull is still in British Columbia. The commissioners have not yet reached him.


Delegations of Sioux and Arrapahoe braves of the Red Cloud and Spotted Tail agencies visited the president. Speeches were made by Big Road, Little Wound, Little Big Man, Iron Crow, Three Bears, Black Coat, American Horse, Young Man Afraid of his Horse, Yellow Bear, and He Dog.


Within the last year in a single county in Utal 240 divorces have been granted by the Probate Court when neither plaintiff nor defendant were ever in the territory of Utah.





EDITOR COURIER: I observe in the Telegram a call for an independent county convention, signed "C. C. Black, Secretary," and purporting to be by order of some committee. It is a well-known fact that Mr. Black is secretary of the Democratic committee, but this call does not come from that source, else it would be signed by the chairman of that committee, J. Wade McDonald. Mr. Black has been absent for more than two weeks, and never saw or even heard of this call to which his name appeared. I am informed by Mr. McDonald, the chairman of the Democratic central committee, that there is nothing Democratic about this independent call, but that it was gotten up in the interest of a few sore-head Republicans. The last clause of the call shows the source from which it emanates. Here it is:

"Come Democrats; come Republicans; come all who are dissatisfied with the Republican nominees and want to see a square fight."

Republicans read this, look at the Republican ticket. It is worthy of your hearty support. Let us not be misled by those who are "dissatisfied" with the nominees. If such men are to rule, we had better turn over the party to them and let them run it.






That was an interesting and impressive picture which Congressman Ryan drew in the Wichita address--published in the Commonwealth yesterday--of the wonderful development of southwestern Kansas, along the line of the old Spanish trail. The facts seem hardly credible, and yet we know that they might have been considerably enlarged and still kept within the truth. The picture is one well worth studying, not only for what it shows in the way of assured results, but also for the certain promise it gives of greater things yet to be achieved.

Mr. Ryan's remarks on the subject of agriculture proper were sensible and to the point, as were his remarks upon the labor problem; and he touched upon a matter of vital interest when he referred to the fact that our failure to guard and promote national maritime commerce has virtually lost us the foreign trade which, if we had it, would speedily solve all our industrial difficulties. While not committing himself to the policy of subsidizing steamship lines, he alluded significantly to the fact that other countries have shut us out of the foreign markets by doing, as he alleges, that very thing.

He spoke strongly, also, in favor of remonetizing silver, presenting the matter in a very direct and practical way; and from this turned to the southern policy of the administration, and committed himself, unreservedly in favor of giving the president's policy "a patient and hopeful trial." He did not say he thought it the wisest or safest policy that could have been pursued, nor yet did he denounce it as a mistake or a fraud. "It is now beyond control," he said, "and we cannot avoid it if we would." Therefore, he argued, the best thing we can do about it, is to submit in silence, if we cannot endorse it, and trust to the president's "purity of intention and exalted patriotism" to resort to harsher and sterner measures if the south shall interpret his offer of the olive branch to be "a surrender" of the things secured by the overthrow of the rebellion.

On the whole, Mr. Ryan's address was one which did him credit, as a citizen and as a member of congress, and we are sure that all who heard it, and all who read it, will agree with us in commending its rare good sense, its freedom from clap-trap, and its general suitableness to the time and the occasion.





Wichita Beacon, 26th: The shipment for the week ending September 7th, was: Wheat, 22 cars; corn, 1 car; hogs, 3. For the week closing the 14th: Wheat, 19 cars; cattle, 16 cars. For the week ending the 23rd: Wheat, 28 cars; corn, 1 car; cattle, 18 cars; horses, 1 car; hogs, 1 car. On Sunday last 15 cars of cattle and one of hogs were shipped. On Monday 12 cars of cattle and three of wheat.


Emporia News: Mr. Manning, who lives west of town, brought us lately several fine apples grown on trees which he planted out last Spring, and are now but three years old. Each tree yielded from 30 to 40 apples. He has the reputation of a good orchadist.




Peace and Harmony in the Republican Party--A Full Ticket Nominated.--Presbyterian Church Dedicated.

WINFIELD, Sept. 24, 1877.

To the Editor of the Commonwealth.

Peace and harmony prevails once more in the ranks of the Republicans of Cowley. They met last Saturday, and from the many good men presented, selected the following straight Republican ticket:

For sheriff, Leon Lippman; clerk, Capt. J. S. Hunt; treasurer, the present incumbent, Thos. R. Bryan; register, present incumbent, E. P. Kinne; surveyor, N. A. Haight; coroner, Dr. W. G. Graham; commissioners, G. L. Gall, and the present incumbents. W. M. Sluth [SHOULD HAVE BEEN SLEETH...WONDER HOW MANY OTHER MISTAKES WERE MADE???], and R. F. Burden.

The principal fight lay between Messrs. Shenneman, Walker, and Lippman, all first-class men, candidates for sheriff. The convention met at one o'clock and balloted until ten, resuting in the nomination of Lippman on the fifty-sixth ballot. This is without doubt one of the strongest tickets ever placed in the field here, and I predict for it complete success. The Democrats and a few "off" fellow will probably form an alliance and make a break for one or two of the best offices on the "independent" or "greenback" line. The convention selected J. B. Callison as chairman of the county central committee, a man who will not expect a post office in consideration of his services for the party. This last selection is an unusually good one.

The fruit crop is much better than was anticipated--in fact, Cowley will have more peaches than she can use. Farmers are preparing to sow a greater breadth of wheat than ever before. It is estimated that at least seventy thousand acres--twenty thousand more than last year's crop--will be sown within the next forty days.

The county voted aid last week to the Emporia and Southwestern (narrow gauge) railroad, and Winfield is blooming like a country school-marm at a town picnic. Business is lively in every channel, and new men coming in every day. The town boasts of having over fifteen hundred bona fide inhabitants, with a prospect of increasing the number to two thousand "before snow flies."

The Presbyterians, who have been "laying low," so to speak, since the grand dedicatory ceremonies at the completion of the Methodist church recently erected here, came to the front yesterday in right royal style. Over six hundred of our citizens occupied seats in the newly and handsomely finished Presbyterian church yesterday and listened to Dr. F. S. McCabe, of your city. The occasion was one of great interest and enjoyment. Dr. McCabe fully sustained his high reputation as a pulpit orator. The Presbyterian fraternity are justly proud of their five thousand dollar house of worship, as it is the best one in the state south of Topeka. Winfield now claims the honor of having the best church building in Kansas, considering her wealth and population.

The COMMONWEALTH, in its new dress, is the best looking daily, and under the new order of things, with Cliff Baker as city editor, is the spiciest local in the state. As I take the paper--and pay for it--I will be pardoned for expressing my views in this manner.





The Nez Perces.

Chicago, September 29. A telegram from Benton, Montana, says the Nez Perces attacked the rifle pits at Cow island, at sundown on the 23rd [? NOT REALLY SURE ABOUT DATE ?] inst., making seven charges, and fighting until ten o'clock the next morning, when they left, probably for Mill river. Sunday night they burned the freight pile, containing thirty tons of government and twenty tons of private freight. Citizens Weymore and Walker were seriously wounded in the fight. It is believed the hostiles are making their way to the British possessions.

The Sitting Bull commission has arrived at Benton, but owing to the absence of troops necessary for an escort, it will not leave before the 1st proximo.



Address of Hon. Thomas Ryan, Delivered at Wichita,

September 27, 1872.

Over three hundred years ago a Spanish expedition passed not many miles from where we now stand. One Coranado, at the head of twelve hundred men, then traversed the counties of Barbour, Kingman, Reno, Harvey, and McPherson. Could he have done the same thing again but a few short years ago, taking in also the counties of Cowley, Sumner, and Sedgwick, he would have explored the garden of the universe, still occupied by beast and savage, precisely as he found it three centuries before. But were he to return today and chronicle the prenatural change, and we could go 500 years into futurity and read his marvellous narration, we should doubtless conclude that Coranado was the champion liar of the age in which he wrote.

But seeing is believing: with our own eyes we behold Cowley county with her 15,000 population, her school houses, her magnificent churches, her mills, her newspapers, her 400,000 acres paying tribute to government, and 150,000 producing acres, and yet she was organized but seven years ago.








Graham & Moffitt,

Dealers in LUMBER,

Windows, Doors, Blinds, Hair, Cement,



Building Material Generally,

And will sell at

Lowest Living Rates.

YARD and Office Corner of 9th and Millington Streets,

Winfield, Kansas.


W. B. Graham, M. D. C. H. Strong, M. D.




Office 1 door South of Bliss & Co.'s store.



J. EASTON, GUNSMITH, Keeps constantly on hand a good stock of Guns, Revolvers and Repairs.


Repaired and warranted to run as good as new, or no pay required.

Shop one door west of Stone Livery Stable, Winfield, Kansas.






Main Street, 2 doors north of Bliss, Earnest & Co.'s store.




Manufacturer of


And Dealer in


Winfield, Kansas.




Bottom Prices!

CLOTHING, Hats and Caps,

Gent's Furnishing Goods, and STAPLE DRY GOODS.

The undersigned desires to inform the People of Cowley County that he has brought to WINFIELD the largest and best selected stock of the above named goods ever seen in SOUTHERN KANSAS, and is determined to sell them at prices which Defy Competition. Give Him a Call and be Convinced. Fair Treatment Guaranteed to all.


At Lynn & Gillelen's old stand.





The Garden of the Great Southwest!

The Best County in the Best State in the Union!

Map, Resources, Development and Advantages of

Cowley County, Kansas.


[BOX] shown below map...indicates areas with shaded box

are Government Lands.


(Since the above map was made about one half of the land represented as Government land has been patented.)


The people of the eastern states are hungry for information in regard to Kansas. Every mail brings letters of inquiry from persons who think of casting their lot in our State. Immigrants are pouring into Kansas faster than they have ever done before. They come on every train, and our principal highways are lined with "prairie schooners" filled with people in search of homes. They have heard of our splendid climate and the wonderful productions of our soil, and have determined to come and ask for themselves. This article is written that some of the questions of the former may be answered more fully than they can be by letter, and that the attention of the latter may be called to this part of the State, a section that has never received its share of advertising, and that offers advantages unequaled by any other.


Cowley county is situated on the south line of the State, one hundred and ten miles west of its eastern border. It is bounded on the east by Elk and Chautauqua counties, on the north by Butler county, on the west by Sumner county, and on the south by the Indian Territory.

It is about 240 miles southwest from Kansas City, from which it is reached via the A., T. & S. F. railroad to Eldorado, or Wichita, and thence by stage about forty-five miles to Winfield.

The best wagon road from Kansas City to Cowley county is via Paola, Humboldt, and Howard City.


The western part of the county is smooth and level with slight undulations. The eastern part is rougher, there being some rugged, rocky bluffs along the streams.

Bottom lands are generally considered the most valuable for agricultural purposes, the uplands being better adapted to grazing. As shown by the report of the Surveyor General, one third of the territory of the county is bottom land. The uplands are the smoothest, containing the least rock, and are the most productive of any in the State.


Concerning the soil of this region the editor of the American Agriculturist says:

"It is a deep black loam, resting upon a lighter colored subsoil, consisting of loam, clay, and gravel, both soil and subsoil being so porous that surface water readily passes through them, and in no case is there any difficulty experienced in crossing with any wagons or stock, any water courses or beds of streams. Teams may be driven across springs or creek bottoms fearlessly without danger of miring. This porosity of the soil, while it renders it capable of being plowed or worked immediately after the heaviest rains, at the same time keeps it constantly moist by evaporation from below and protects it from drouth. Within six hours of the cessation of a rain, in which we judge at least three inches of water fell, I saw farmers breaking sod and cultivating young corn.

The crops of corn, oats, rye, spring and fall wheat, potatoes, and garden vegetables, which I saw growing on both old and new breaking, in various localities in the valley, are equal to any that we have ever seen anywhere during many years experience. I know of no part of the country possessing a more attractive soil for the farmer than this."


As a glance of the above map will show, the county is well watered. No other county in the State has more streams of good, pure, clear, running water. The Arkansas river flows through the southwestern part of the county. Its principal tributary, the Walnut river, one of the most important mill streams in Kansas, extends entirely across the county from north to south, about ten miles east of its west line. Grouse creek is a large stream flowing from near the northeast corner of the county southwest to its confluence with the Arkansas. Timber, Silver, and Rock creeks are important streams. These and the other streams located upon the map are fed by springs of the purest water, and they have never been known to "go dry." Abundance of good water can be secured anywhere by digging from fifteen to forty feet, the average depth of wells being about twenty-five feet.

The rainfalls occur at the time they are most needed. Generally the ground is thoroughly saturated with water in May and June. Then again in August copious showers put the ground in good order for fall wheat. The winter months are dry, so dry that stock requires but little shelter, and wagon roads keep in prime condition.

Timber. Width of timber belt of the Arkansas one-eighth of a mile. Varieties: Cottonwood and sycamore. On the Walnut, one-fourth mile: Walnut, oak, and hackberry. On Grouse, one-fourth mile. On Timber, Rock, and Silver creeks, one-eighth of a mile. Varieties: Walnut, oak, and hackberry.

Fuel costs in the timber from twenty-five to fifty cents per wagon load. Good cord wood sells on the streets of Winfield at from $3.50 to $4.50 per cord.

Coal. Coal has been found in the southeastern part of the county, but not in sufficient quantities to pay for mining. Further investigations will be likely to result in the discovery of good veins of coal. The indications are very favorable.

Building Stone. East of the Arkansas inexhaustible quantities of best quality of magnesia limestone are found.


The first settlements in the county were made in 1869. They were in the groves growing along the principal streams.

The county was organized in February, 1870, and named in honor of Matthew Cowley, a brave Kansas soldier, who died in the service at Little Rock, Arkansas, August, 1864. Cowley is one of the largest counties in the State. It is almost square, being about 34 miles from east to west, and 33 from north to south, and containing more than eleven hundred square miles of territory.


At its organization in 1870 the county contained seven hundred inhabitants, about one-twentieth of its present population. Then there was no taxable property in the county, now there are about four hundred thousand acres. In every industry marked development has been made. Growth has been continual, steady, satisfactory. The following figures are taken from the assessors' reports of last March.

Number of acres in county, 718,080; taxable acres, 384,443; under cultivation, 126,440; increase of cultivated acres in one year, 25,132.

Dairy Products. Cheese manufactured in 1876, 648 lbs. Butter manufactured in 1876, 185,327 lbs.; increase, 71,525.

Farm Animals. Number of horses, 4,501; increase in one year, 765; mules and asses in 1876, 891; increase 312. Cattle in 1876, 12,107; increase 211. Sheep, 4,883; increase, 3,157. Swine, 14,982; increase 6,980.


This county is on the Osage Diminished Reserve lands, and has been open to purchase only to actual settlers, in quantities of not more than 160 acres each, at $1.25 per acre. The entire western half of the county has already been patented. In the eastern part of the county there are yet near 100,000 acres of good land subject to pre-emption and entry. As the land is purchased direct from the general government titles are unquestioned. Not a railroad grant covers any part of the county. The question of title is in no respect complicated by the conflicting claims of railroad corporations.


Substantial improvement is being made on almost all the lands that have been purchased or claimed. Nearly every quarter section is occupied by an intelligent and industrious family intent on making a home. Most of the people now here have come to stay. They have built as good houses as they can afford. The planting has received considerable attention. Many fine groves have been planted, and, where they have been properly cultivated, the growth has been wonderful.

Fences. Considerable rail, stone, board, and wire fence has been constructed, but the Osage orange hedge is destined to be the fence of the future in this part of the State. At present growing crops and trees are protected by a herd law, which requires every man to take care of his own stock. Hedges have been planted so extensively that in a few years a majority of the farmers will be surrounded by an everlasting fence. Then the herd law will be abolished.


Nearly all kinds of fruit do well in this locality. As yet the country is too new to contain many orchards of bearing apple trees. The young trees are thrifty and the fruit thus far produced has been of excellent quality. Cherries, grapes, strawberries, blackberries, and raspberries have been thoroughly tested. The fruit is luscious and the crop abundant. Our peach orchards have begun to yield. The first crop has just been harvested. No finer peaches grew anywhere than this year's crop in Cowley county. Every four year old tree in the county has been loaded down with delicious fruit.


More than four-fifths of our people are agriculturalists. At present wheat and corn are our staple productions. During the past year more than fifty thousand acres of wheat have been produced in the county. Not less than seventy thousand acres either has been or will be sown this fall. The yield of corn is very large. We now have more than forty thousand acres, standing in the fields, ripe and ready for the huskers. Fed to stock, it will be a great source of revenue to the county.

Many farmers are turning their attention to stock raising. As soon as the herd law is abolished, this is destined to become a great grazing country. Its heavy growth of nutrious grass and many fine springs and streams of running water specially recommend it. Cattle, sheep, and horses could not do better than they do in Cowley county. Our stock of hogs is very fine, and no disease of any kind has ever been among them.

There are six excellent flouring and several corn and saw mills in the county.


There are nearly fifteen thousand people living in Cowley county. They are the cream of the population of older states. Generally they are intelligent, industrious, enterprising, go-ahead young people. They have been reared in the best society and educated in the best schools of other states. They read the newspapers, support schools and churches heartily, and think for themselves. They are the kind of people God sends to a country that He intends to bless. The man who hesitates about coming to Kansas on account of our society is fooling himself. It is as good and as cultivated as he will find anywhere.


The county contains one hundred and eleven school districts, nearly all of which have substantial schoolhouses. Many of these houses have already been wholly paid for. In a very few years every dollar of our school bond indebtedness will be paid. The people tax themselves as high as the law allows for the support of schools, and keep the schools open just as long each year as they can afford to.

There is a church organization in nearly every neighborhood in the county. Most of these hold their services in schoolhouses. A few

have built excellent church edifices and others are "talking the matter up."

The teachers and ministers in the county are up to the average almost anywhere. The man who preaches to the keen, shrewd, thinking people of the west, or who teaches their children, must have brains, education, and grit.


A considerable portion of the wheat crop just harvested will be required to supply the forts and Indians in the Indian Territory. The market will be at home, the price fair, and the payment cash. What cannot be disposed of in this way must be hauled to Wichita or Eldorado, each forty-five miles distant from Winfield.


At present the county is without a railroad, but work is progressing on two roads, one of which is to be constructed to Winfield within a year and the other within eighteen months. The A., T. & S. F. company has commenced the construction of a road down the Walnut Valley. More than thirty miles of this road has been built during the past season. Many think it will be the first road to reach our county.


No danger need be apprehended from Indians. Since the settlement of the country, seven years ago, they have not committed an outrage within our borders. Their location is really a blessing to us. It furnishes us a good market at home for much that would have to be hauled away were they removed.


The grasshoppers, chinch bugs, and other pests are no more numerous than in other localities west of the Missouri river. The first named have never visited tthis locality but once, and then they came too late to do much harm. The region of their origin is many hundreds of miles to the northwest and when they move, they either distribute themselves over the region north of us or arrive in this locality too late in autumn to do much harm. We have no fears of ravages from them.


Good farming land can yet be had at $1.25 per acre by settlement and pre-emption, but all the best of the unimproved land will be found already entered, and can be bought at from $2.00 to $5.00 per acre. Good farms more or less improved can be had at from $4.00 to $15.00 per acre, depending upon location and the amount of improvements.


Winfield, the county seat of Cowley county, is a young city of about 1,500 inhabitants. It is situated on an undulating prairie on the left bank of the Walnut river, is bounded on the north, south, and west by a beautiful belt of timber and on the east by a line of finely rounded mounds, and is in the midst of natural scenery of surpassing loveliness. It commenced to be built in 1870; the early buildings were of timber frames and rather small, but each year has added more spacious and substantial buildings until now it has many large and beautiful structures of brick and of magnesian limestone which compare well with those of older and larger cities of the East. Winfield is the center of business for the county and has the reputation of being the liveliest city of its size in the State. The streets are generally well filled with teams and the merchants are doing a very large business. Nearly all kinds of business are represented with good stocks. The citizens are enterprising and intelligent, society is excellent, and one needs only to visit the splendid costly churches and the schoolrooms where from 200 to 300 pupils are taught efficiently by the most approved modern methods, to be satisfied as to the tone of morals and culture of the place. The names and lines of business, of the leading businessmen of Winfield, will be found in our advertising columns, in which we refer the reader.


Arkansas City is a city of some 600 or 700 inhabitants, beautifully situated near the confluence of the Walnut and Arkansas rivers. It has a class of citizens of unusual intelligence and culture, and some fine large business houses with large stocks of goods. It has the finest schoolhouse in the county.

Dexter is a thriving village on the left bank of Grouse creek, as is also Lazette; both do a considerable business and bid fair to become towns of some importance.

Tisdale is a thriving town in the geographical center of the county. All these towns are favored with ambitious and enterprising citizens.


Men who want good farms at moderate prices for improvement as homes, and have energy and perseverence should come to Cowley county. Men who have vim, perseverence, industry, and thrift should come at once, bring their families, make farms, build houses, shoe horses, drive mills, make brooms, sell goods, buy wheat, do almost any kind of business, become rich and happy; but men who do not like to work at any useful business had better stay away, they will not be appreciated.





Frost last night.

The Central Hotel has a new bell.

The Williams House has a new register.

Mr. John Swain has returned from the Black Hills.

John W. Smiley is building a new wagon shop just east of the Central Hotel.

Our city Marshal and esteened citizen, J. D. Cochran, is very dangerously ill.

The Belles of the Kitchen will meet next Tuesday evening with Miss Kate Millington.

A. B. Taylor supplied the boys in the office with some choice apples last Saturday.

Mr. W. McRaw and Mr. S. Mullin have returned from the Black Hills. We met them in Wichita.

Hotel arrivals, in this city, for the week ending October 3rd, 1877, number as follows: Central, 70; City, 55; Williams House, 48.

In accordance with an invitation the COURIER force took dinner at the City hotel last Sunday, as guests of J. L. Bruce & Co., the proprietors. The dinner was an excellent one, consisting of the best the market affords.

The Winfield schools are doing good work. In attendance, first grade scholars, 49; Prof. Geo. W. Robinson, principal. Second grade, 44; Miss Emma Saint, assistant. Third grade, 40; Miss F. Wickersham, teacher. Fourth grade, 77; Miss M. Bryant, teacher. Total attendance: 210.

The residence of our esteemed citizen and ex-hardware dealer, Mr. N. M. Powers, four miles west of Winfield, was destroyed by fire on last Saturday. The fire is supposed to have originated from a defective stove pipe and was under such progress when discovered that but little could be saved and the clothing of the family, bedding and furniture, excepting an organ and some small articles, were lost.





Jolly old bummers,

For several summers

Have been regular comers.

There are several in town now.


Nice rain Monday and Tuesday.

The whistle of the steam thresher is heard in the land.

"Lo! the poor Indian," has been having his picture taken.

The Eldorado stage now leaves at seven o'clock a.m., its old time.

Wilson & Harter's livery stock earned them $375 in the last thirty days.

A. G. Wilson will soon go to Missouri to visit friends and bring back his family.

Harter, Harris & Co. have got their Tunnel Mills well fitted up with new machinery and four run of burrs.

We met Mr. James Vance and lady, of the Central Hotel, at Wichita enjoying the fair. They returned on Friday.

The vane on the M. E. church steeple was a little too vain. The wind yesterday bent it over to a more humble posture.





Mrs. E. E. Olds, milliner and dress maker, appears with a new card in the supplement. She is a newcomer, but has had long experience in her business.

On last Friday we met Mr. C. M. Wood on the way to Wichita with a drove of fat hogs. We also met John B. Holmes with a load of the same kind of fruit.

We were heartily glad to meet Enoch Maris in town one day last week. Enoch is one of the prosperous men of Eldorado, and reports that place improving rapidly.

Dr. J. H. Phelps of Floral made us a pleasant call on Tuesday. He says the farmers of Richland township have planted about one-third more wheat this year than last.

E. C. Manning is again in Parsons. He received a dispatch from there stating that the contracting parties were on the ground ready commence work on the East and West road, and desiring his presence there immediately.

J. C. Fuller makes an addition to his ad this week. He has one of the best burglar proof safes in the State, which is guarded by the Yale time lock. No city in Kansas has two sounder, safer banking institutions than those of J. C. Fuller and of M. L. Read, of Winfield.

An adjourned meeting of the congregation of the Presbyterian church will be held at the church on Friday evening (tomorrow) to decide upon the manner of occupying seats and of raising a salary for the pastor. All interested in the prosperity of the church are requested to attend.

An important meeting was held at Doctor Mansfield's drug store Tuesday morning, to take steps toward organizing a lecture and library association. Committees were appointed and directed to report on Friday morning next, at the courthouse, when a permanent organization will be effected. Let all interested parties attend.

Our readers will notice a new ad. of S. Suss, late of St. Louis, in the clothing and furnishing line in the supplement. Mr. Suss is an experienced merchant, knows what is wanted, how to buy, and how to treat customers, and is determined to build up a trade in this city second to none in the State. Our readers will do well to give him a call.

Not being ready yet to enlarge the COURIER, we have this week issued a supplement which contains much matter of interest. Do not destroy this supplement, but read it and send it to your friends. We send this issue to many who are not subscribers, but hope they will become such. The COURIER will appear in the enlarged form on October 25th.


The following is verbatim of a letter received at the Winfield postoffice: "Mr. postmaster Dear sir will you pleas send me a justice of the piece of that place or that county and you will oblige HENRY FORTNEY."

Now, if some aspiring judge will step up and pay his own postage, the postmaster will send Henry one.


The opposite side of this supplement is taken from matter printed in the Commonwealth. The article headed "Cowley County Contented," should be corrected as follows: The nominations for Commissioners should read, G. L. Gale, W. M. Sleeth, and R. F. Burden. The Presbyterian church cost about nine thousand dollars, instead of five thousand as stated.




Winfield Courier, October 4, 1877.

Our readers will not fail to notice the new advertisement of M. L. Read, which has appeared in the two last issues. It contains an excellent cut of Mr. Read's substantial bank

building. Mr. Read is a substantial banker, does business in a substantial way, has a substantial safe that neither fire nor burglars can penetrate, and a time lock that will keep the cahier and his assistant from delivering up the contents of the safe during the night, though strongly persuaded by an exhibition of shooting irons.


Our Safe is Guarded By The Yale Time Lock.

Collections Solicited and Promptly Attended to.

M. L. Read's Bank,


Does a


M. L. ROBINSON, Cashier. W. C. ROBINSON, Asst. Cashier

Possessing ample means for the successful conduct of our business we would be pleased to receive accounts from any believing we can make it to their advantage to do business with us.


First National Bank, Kansas City, Mo.

Cass County Bank, Beardstown, Ills.

Rev. O. M. Stewart, Trinity M. E. Church, St. Louis, Mo.

Wichita Savings Bank, Wichita, Kansas.

F. W. Fraey, Cashier 1st. N'l. Bank, Springfield, Ill.

Donnell, Lawson & Co., Bankers, New York City.




We clip the following from the Kansas City Times, which is well worth remembering by school children and their parents:

"One of the greatest annoyances of the day is the rush of school children to the post office every noon spell and at the close of school in the afternoon. They go rushing in pell mell, making all the noise possible, annoying everybody within hearing, and frequently several children out of one family will clamor noisily for mail that the father or head of the family usually has received at the regular distribution of the mails. The post office is too public a place for modest little girls to frequent several times a day. Parents should see to this."


"A Horse, a Horse!"

The Topeka Driving Association will hold a fair at Topeka, from Oct. 16th to 19th inclusive. The finest and fastest trotting horses in the west will be there. 2:20 to be beaten by three different horses for $1,000. Everybody is going. The cheapest rates ever offered to the people of the southwest. The

A., T. & S. F. railroad will sell round trip tickets, good from 16th to 20th, from Eldorado or Wichita to Topeka for $5. Round trip stage tickets will be sold for $4. Good board at the best hotel in the State, the Tefft House, only $1.50 per day. You who want to have a good time for a week, see the State Capitol, the fastest horses on the turf and otherwise, take the train for the north.




List of letters remaining unclaimed in the Post Office at Winfield, Cowley county, Kansas, on the 3rd day of Oct., 1877.


Barnes, Preston; Bishop, J. A.; Black, J. D.;

Brown, Nancy M.; Castilberg, W. J.; Cates, Geo.; Chambers, West; Chambers, C. A.; Chancy, Hiram; Clark, S. B.; Craig, H. H.; Crosby, Walter; Draper, A. O.; Dixon, E. W.; Eastman, Sarah E.; Eads, Geo.; Edwards R. S.; Fagin, D. J.; Fee, J. A.;

Gilliard, C. M.; Gore, Joanna F.; Headrick, Jacob E.; Higginbottom, Eliza; Higbee, S. P.; Hickman, James;

Hoblitt, Annie; Howie, Robert; Juman, Elinor; Jones, T. H.; Kegger, Mr.


Kevzer, W. H.; Livergood, H. C.; Lloyd, T. Addis; Martin, Mrs. Jennie; Martin, F. J.; Miller, Mrs. K; Miller, Frank; Moffitt, Daniel; Morgan, Thomas; Nelson, Wm.; Paul, C. F.; Plants, Edward; Poe, Amos; Rhodes, H. B.; Richards, Harvey; Sandercook, John; Smith, C. Hinchmon; Sweet, William;

Sullivan, P.; Tubbs, Eva; Vessels, Thomas; Wartan, Emily;

White, Chas.; White, Emma; Williams, Hannah; Wilson, Philander; Wilson, Emily; Wilson, Rebecca; Williams, James.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say "advertised."






Grouse Valley Notes.

Mr. H. T. Albert has been selected to teach the Lazette schools.

Mac. D. Stapleton's new dwelling house adds much to the appearance of Broadway and Cherry.

Several new buildings are in process of erection in Lazette.

Windsor township turned out in force to attend the primary.

A picnic was given by the Union Sunday school of Harvey township on the 15th. Music and a long table of good things, in addition to the speeches of R. C. Story, Rev. Mr. Thomas, Doctor Snyder and Lear made the day and the occasion pleasant.

Harvey had a large turn-out at the primary.

Wheat is green and growing well. The corn crop will be very large.

BIRTH. It is a girl, and Gans says that he can handle any sixteen men in the county. [he???]

Mr. L. M. Fall and family, Mac. D. Stapleton, and Dennis Laycock, of Lazette, were in town a few days ago. Mac. says it isn't so.

Why have so many of our evergreens died this summer?






The sun-flower harvest has commenced and the crop is estimated at ninety cords to the acre.

On Tuesday of last week we visited Douglass, saw a horse race in which the gray formerly onwed by W. P. Hackney ran against a large bay and won a mule.

Douglass has an excitement. Mrs. Neil Wilkie and Mr. George Yewel are members of the school board, and, with the approval of the teacher and Mr. Neil Wilkie have ordered a change in the text books in use in the school and the rest of the people are indignant and their grievances are the sole topic of conversation from which we concluded that the Wilies and Yewells were right and have started a much needed reform.





Teachers' Examination.

There will be an examination of teachers in the Winfield high school building, beginning at 9 o'clock a.m., October 12th. Parties desiring to teach will please report at that time, as it will positively be the last examination this year.

R. C. STORY, Co. Supt.







Drouth and Grasshoppers.

The year 1874 is specially noted as the drouthy grasshopper year in Kansas. In that year but little rain fell in Cowley county from June first to September first, and therefore late planted grain and other farm products suffered much from drouth, and the grasshoppers came in the last of August and first of September and devoured such products as were then unmatured.

It happened that much of the corn and vegetables were planted late and were a complete failure, but the early planted corn and such other products as got their principal growth during the Spring months did not suffer materially from the drouth and were too ripe for the grasshoppers when they came, so such produced about the usual crop. There were instances in Cowley county in that year of early planted corn producing fifty to seventy bushels per acre. The wheat crop was ready for harvest in the beginning of the dry time producing a full crop averaging about twenty-three bushels per acre throughout the county. The wheat harvest commenced June 5th and the weather thereafter was very favorable for securing the crop, so that the quality of the wheat was unusually good.

In September, 1876, the grasshoppers appeared again, but as the season had not been specially dry the crops were all mature, and the hoppers done very little damage except that they stayed so long that the frightened farmers did not sow their wheat in September, the proper time, fearing the hoppers would destroy it as fast as it came up, but delayed sowing until November. The result was that it did not get much growth until the warm showery weather of the spring when it grew so very rapidly that the straw rusted and the wheat shrunk, so that this year quantity and quality were both reduced to the value of about one-half of a good crop. There are some farmers in this county, however, that sowed their fall wheat in September last and have this year harvested a full crop of first quality of wheat.

With these two exceptions this county has never failed of producing large crops of almost every kind that has been tried. Experience points unmistakably to the conclusion that had all crops been sown early and at the proper time, there would have been no faiure in the past, and that there need be no failure in the future in Cowley County. Much growth occurred until the warm showery weather of the spring when it grew so very rapidly that the straw rusted and the wheat shrunk, so that this year quantity and quality were both reduced to the value of about one-half of a good crop. There are some farmers in this county, however, that sowed their fall wheat in September last and have this year harvested a full crop of first quality of wheat.

There is no county in the United States whose average wheat crop has been larger per acre and better, for the last six years, than that of this county, and the farmers are so well assured of a crop that instead of planting less on account of the partial failure, this year have planted during the past September about 75,000 acres in place of the 50,000 acres of last fall.

The climate here is by no means a dry climate. There has been more complaints of too wet weather than of too dry since this county was settled eight years ago. There is not a State in the West, if in the Union, where there has been in the same time so little failure on account of drouths. The rains are usually as frequent and as abundant as could be desired.

So far as the grasshoppers are concerned, we believe their history establishes the fact that they never invade any territory except in a very dry time, and we have no occasion to fear that they will visit us at all more than once or twice out of a dozen years, or that they will do any material damage at their visits if farmers follow the maxim, "plant early."





Republicans, Take Notice.

The Republicans of Winfield township will take notice that a convention of the Republican voters of said township will be held at the Courthouse in Winfield on Saturday, November 3, at 2 o'clock p.m., for the purpose of placing in nomination candidates for the various township offices.

C. C. PIERCE, Chairman.

S. E. BURGER, Secretary.


Republican Caucus.

The Republican voters of Rock township are requested to meet at Darien schoolhouse on Thursday evening, October 18, 1877, at 7 o'clock, to nominate candidates for the several township offices.


Chairman of the township central committee.


The Republican county central committee met at Winfield, Saturday, October 6, and organized by the election of C. R. Mitchell, of Creswell Township, Chairman; Augustus Fisher, of Liberty Township, Secretary; Frank Akers, of Rock Township, Assistant Secretary.


Mrs. Dr. Dolar, of Paola, has a mad stone and claims she can cure any case of hydro-phobia with it. This item may yet be valuable to some of our readers. Make a note of it.



On the 25th inst. the COURIER will begin its issue in the enlarged form. It will be printed in smaller type than heretofore, one column will be added to each page, the length of the columns will be proportionately increased, and it will contain twice the amount of matter it has had heretofore. We have ordered new nonpariel type for the principal part of the reading matter and other necessary furniture, and the change will nearly double the cost of publishing the paper, an outlay greater than the receipts of the office have ever been; but we are determined that the people of this county shall have a county paper equal to the best in the State, one worthy of our glorious county, worthy of the generous support of its people, and we expect to get such support. Of course, we must have such help if we succeed.

Citizens of Cowley, will you please help us in this undertaking? Will every subscriber please forward whatever is due the COURIER and constitute himself a committee of one to urge others to subscribe? There are a thousand persons in this county who should immediately subscribe; there are a considerable number of men in business who should forward us their advertisements. Every dollar we get from these sources will add to the value of the COURIER and will be fully appreciated by the publishers.






On Saturday, September 22nd, the Republicans of Cowley county in a regularly called and organized convention, selected from the many good men in the party, the following gentlemen as candidates for county officers at the ensuing election. After an unusually warm contest


was nominated for Sheriff. Mr. Lippmann is a native of France, of French parentage, and is 33 years old. He came to the United States when but eleven years of age; joined the Union army in 1862 and was honorably discharged from the same at its close in 1865, with all the rights of citizenship of the government. However, to avoid all imaginary objections, he presented his proofs at the last term of our district court, and was "naturalized" under the laws of the U. S., a proceeding entirely unnecesary. He has been a resident of Cowley since 1870, and a more temperate, honorable, and upright citizen does not live within this county, all the flings and covert insinuations of his enemies to the contrary notwithstanding. Mr. Lippmann is a Republican, has always supported the nominees of the party by his voice and vote, and is now deserving of the straightforward and honest support of the entire party.

[NOTE: Name is LIPPMANN. Sometimes they have LIPMAN OR LIPPMAN.]


In the selection of E. P. Kinne for re-election to the office of Register of Deeds, the convention did just what the people would have done had they been present, retained a good and faithful officer at his post. Mr. Kinne has the confidence of all classes and will receive his reward in November.


One of the first settlers of the valley, now engaged in farming in Vernon township, is our candidate for the responsible position of County Clerk. He is competent, willing, and worthy, and the COURIER assures the people of this county that their business will be properly attended to and their records reliably kept while Capt. Hunt is their clerk.


[Candidate for Treasurer.]

needs no introduction or "good words." Two thousand "snow flakes" will fall from the hands of the honest voters on the 6th day of November and express in a better and more lasting manner what we refrain from saying here. The people are not afraid to trust their money in his hands.


Candidate for County Surveyor, is highly recommended by those who know him and have seen his work. Competency above all things should be considered in connection with the office and we are assured that Mr. Haight is competent.

Of the County Commissioners we scarcely need speak. Messrs. Burden and Sleeth will be elected without opposition, and Mr. Gale, of this district, should and will poll the entire strength of the party. He is well known and esteemed as a citizen of Rock township.

This is the ticket--our ticket, and we shall use all honorable means to secure its election in November.



Mr. Hildredth, the contractor who is building the Narrow Gauge, stated in his speech on Tuesday that on Monday he had received orders from the east to go ahead and push the road bed through with all possible energy, and that he was now going to grade at the rate of a mile and a half a day, and would have the road finished and running to the south line of the State in twelve months. No one in Emporia now doubts the speedy completion of the road. Emporia News, Oct. 5.


Central City, Dakota Territory, October 4. A fatal shooting affray occurred this evening. Jno. S. Bryant, owning a placer claim here, claimed surface ground of his claim as a mill site. A. W. Adams, formerly a correspondent of the Salt Lake Tribune and Chicago papers, whose nom de plume was "Old Pioneer," and "Ching Foo," also claimed the ground by right of purchase. The difficulty culminated this evening. They met on the ground. Adams shot Bryant through the body, and turned and fled. Bryant then, drawing a navy revolver, fired three shots at Adams, the first missing; after the second shot, Adams fell. Bryant still advanced, and placing the pistol at his head, sent a ball through Adams' brain, killing him instantly. Bryant is not expected to recover.

We believe that Mr. Bryant is a son of Mrs. Lowry, of this place, and visited here two or three months in 1872. Mr. Bryant has since died.




They have a Greenback county convention in Chautauqua county on the 17th inst.


Oct. 1. During September the public debt decreased $3,882,524, special redemption funds $51,945,468 on hand, coin in the treasury $39,997,500, outstanding legal tenders $356,914,932.

The mints of the U. S. coined $7,056,200 during September.


The Red Cloud and Spotted Tail chiefs had a final interview with the president, wanted their agencies established in new places in the Territory, and wanted to live like white men. The president answered that it was too late in the season to effect such change until next Spring.


Eight companies of U. S. Troops under Cols. Shafter and Bullis are raiding on Mexican soil in pursuit of depredatory Indians.


Gen. Crook arrived in Washington from Portland, Oregon; he started next day for San Francisco.


Spotted Tail, in his talk to the president, said: "If you pay us for it, probably we can move (to the Missouri river); otherwise we cannot," in answer to which Secretary Schurtz said that the provision for the Indians was at the Missouri river and could not be transported to them, so they must go to the provisions.


Cols. Bullis and Shafter returned from their raid in Mexico unsuccessful. The Indians had been warned and escaped.


N. Y. Gold $1.02-3/4.

Kansas City. Wheat, No. 2 $1.13, No. 3 $1.06, No. 4 $.95.


The total loss by fire at McKeesport, Pa., will probably reach $175,000.


Cheyenne, Oct. 4. Last night's coach from Deadwood, carrying six passengers, was stopped by two road agents twelve miles south of Fort Laramie. The robbers got about $4,000. The treasure box was broken open but contained nothing of value to them.


Custer, Dakota Territory. Three road agents undertook to rob Myers freight outfit, but young Myers, one of the outfit, was too smart for them. One of them, the noted Texas Frank, was killed, the two others escaped.







Apples are scarce at $1.50 per bushel.

Harry Foults is again an attache of the COURIER office.

Mr. D. Tyrrell, of Tisdale, made us a pleasant call on Tuesday.

J. L. M. HILL has bought A. G. Wilson's interest in the livery business.

A. G. Wilson goes to Wisconsin instead of Missouri, as stated last week.

A. J. Pyburn's law office is temporarily located in the office of Curns & Manser.

Rev. Berry filled the pulpit pro-tem at the Presbyterian church last Sunday evening.

We have a smooth white sweet potato from the garden of Rev. J. E. Platter weighing

4 2 pounds.

The old meat market building next to the St. Nicholas restaurant has been torn down and moved away.



W. B. Norman, of Maple township, was in town Monday morning and made us a pleasant call.

M. L. Bangs is doing a heavy business with his stage line carrying passengers to and from Wichita.

Bi [? By ?] Terrill now has one of the finest driving teams in the city. He also has a bran new carriage.

Mr. Ed. Fenlon, a large government contractor, was in town on Monday looking up Indian supplies.

Charley Foults, brother of "Jack" and Harry, is again flourishing the raxor at the old stand in this city.

Hotel arrivals, in this city, for the week ending October 3rd, 1877, number as follows: Central, 55; City, 42; Williams House, 43.

A gentlemen from Missouri is fitting up the room just north of J. W. Johnston's furniture store, preparatory to putting in a stock of drugs.

Last Monday Mr. O. S. Record commenced a four month's term of school in the southeast part of this county, six miles east of Maple City.

Mr. W. H. Clay, township trustee of Sheridan township, was in town Tuesday.

Mr. James Baldwin, Miss M. M. Baldwin, and B. F. Leach, from Illinois, have been visiting their brother, B. F. Baldwin. They left for their home yesterday morning.

Wilbur Dever is one of the boys that will never curry favor from any man. Since he got kicked out of the stable while currying his horse, he is afraid to curry anything.

Ten large government wagons, drawn by sixty oxen, came down from Wichita last Saturday loaded with lumber for Graham & Moffitt. They loaded again, at the Tunnel Mills, with flour for the Indians.

The Ladies' Aid Society, of the M. E. Church, will give a supper and sociable in the lecture room on Friday evening of next week, October 19, 1877. Proceeds for the building fund.

The Tunnel Mills have a grinding capacity of 500 bushels per day, and will grind within the next ninety days 600,000 pounds of flour for the Indians, besides filling their merchants' orders and doing their custom work.



At a special meeting of the city council on Saturday evening, James C. Binner was granted the privilege of carrying on the saloon business under the license issued to Geo. P. Townsend, and at a special meeting on Monday evening his bond was approved by the council. On Monday evening Chas. C. Stevens was appointed city marshal to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of James D. Cochran.


DIED. J. D. COCHRAN, a highly esteemed citizen of this city, who has of late honored the position of city marshal, died at his residence on Saturday morning, the 6th inst. He leaves a wife and several children to mourn his irreparable loss. The funeral was conducted by the Masonic fraternity on Sunday from the new M. E. church, which was crowded to overflowing by a sympathizing audience. The procession was one of the largest that have ever been seen on a like occasion in Winfield.


Mr. D. M. Commons and family, of Wilson county, have been spending several days in Winfield visiting their daughter, Mrs. Harry Foults. Mr. Commons thinks the soil of Wilson is equal to that of Cowley, but is of the opinion that the citizens of this county are of a more enterprising class, judging from the amount of land under cultivation. He was surprised to find Winfield as large as it is and such a vast amount of improvement going on.


Mr. James P. Henderson, from Poplar Flat, Lewis county, Kentucky, arrived here last Saturday night with his family, consisting of eleven persons, and with Joseph Bryant and family, from the same place, and five young men. They all propose locating in this immediate neighborhood, and will make valuable acquisitions to our county. Mr. Henderson says that on the train in which he came were six hundred immigrants to Kansas. He says: "This is surely the garden spot of the world."


A. N. Deming, formerly of the Lagonda House, Winfield, has bought the Empire House, in Wichita, and is fitting it up in good style. The house is a very large one and has been moved from far uptown down to Douglas Avenue, near the depot.


The city of Winfield has over 1,500 inhabitants, and more coming. Houses, shops, cellars, barns, and corn cribs are in demand for dwellings. Winfield Courier.

If you will make a careful examination of the assessment rolls of Winfield township, for March, 1877, you will find that you did not have at that time, 1,500 in your town and township. Winfield is a fine young town, and next to Eldorado, the largest in the Valley, and if her people will only wait till they get cross roads at that place, they will have a larger town than they now have. Walnut Valley Times.

"Next to Eldorado, the largest in the Valley," ha, ha, ha! But, that is good. During the last six months five dollars have been invested in new buildings in Winfield to one in Eldorado, and our population is increasing more rapidly than that of any other town in the southwest. Move some of your empty buildings down to Winfield, so they can be rented. Eldorado is a nice lively town, but then when one undertakes to compare it with Winfield--tut, tut. But you ought to know better. Come and see for yourself.




Flouring Mills.

There are at Winfield two excellent flouring mills, each working four run of burrs and doing a large business. They are both run by water, having each an excellent water power on the Walnut river. They make a good market for a large amount of wheat. The upper mill is a large stone structure, and has a fall of eight feet. The lower is a large frame upon a substantial stone basement. The river at this place runs in the form of an ox bow, with the two ends near together. Under this neck a tunnel is constructed, a distance of about 100 feet, through which the water passes to the mill and attains a fall of about eight feet. There are some other mills in the county.


Our Sidewalks.

Those running east from Main street are in a graceful condition. They warp up and they warp down. They curl and twist and stand on end; they rock with every passing breeze. They are embellished with loose boards and promiscuous holes. They lie in undulating waves and steep descents; they roll and pitch, and one-half hour's travel on them will give a bad attack of sea sickness. We are not complaining on our own account, but for the cattle in the town herd. Since they have become high-toned enough to use the sidewalks, half the herd is lame. Can't this outrage on dumb beasts be stopped? The walks ought to be made wider, too. Three cows can't walk abreast without crowding. We don't mind clambering over them, ourselves, we are pretty athletic, but for a poor cow now that can't handle herself, we say it's a shame.



Winfield has four excellent church buildings. The Baptist church was built of Magnesian limestone in 1871, at a cost of $2,500. At that early day when but few people had located on the town site, it was something quite wonderful that so good and costly a structure should be built. The enterprise, energy, and public spirit displayed in the erection of this church has not been excelled or equaled, considering the circumstances, in the erection of the more recent and more imposing structures.

A M. E. frame church was erected at the same time, when the Methodists were few, and their self-sacrificing energy at that time was at least equal to that exhibited in producing their present new and magnificent structure. This last was built during the past year, of magnesian limestone, costing $7,000, and is perhaps the most spacious and imposing church in Southern Kansas. It is capable of seating, comfortably, 800 to 1,000 people; has a fine orchestra and class room, is beautifully furnished, and its windows are magnificent.

The building of the church of Christ is a fine frame building, built in 1874, when the church had very few members, but these few were thoroughly imbued with genuine Western enterprise.

The Presbyterian church, which has been built during the last year at a cost of $9,000, is of brick, with a stone basement, and is perhaps the most beautiful structure of the kind in Southern Kansas. It is magnificently furnished, and is a delightful place to spend an hour.

Other churches are projected and will probably be built within a year or two.





Of the Philomatic Society to be held at the Courthouse in Winfield, Friday evening, October 12th, 1877.

1. Music.

2. Reading of the minutes of last meeting.

3. Election of officers.

4. Music.

5. Valedictory by out-going president.

6. Music.

7. Discussion of the question: Resolved, That our country owes its prosperity more to the civil law than to the Divine law.

Affirmative: W. P. Hackney and O. M. Seward.

Negative: J. L. Rusbridge and F. S. Jennings.

8. Miscellaneous business.

9. Music.

10. Report of committee on programme.

11. Adjournment.

C. M. WOOD, President.

EMMA SAINT, Secretary.


HALL OF ADELPHI LODGE, No. 110, A. F. & A. M.,

WINFIELD, October 7, 1877.

WHEREAS, The grim tyrant death has invaded our fraternal circle and taken from our midst our worthy brother, James D. Cochran, thereby depriving our brotherhood of one of our brightest and most exemplary members, the family of our beloved brother of a loving husband and father, and the community of a useful and energetic citizen; Therefore be it

Resolved, That while we bow in humble submission to the will of our Supreme Grand Master, we do most sincerely deplore the great calamity thus visited upon the fraternity, the family of our departed brother, and the community at large,

Resolved, That we extend to the bereaved family our sincere and heart-felt sympathy, and more especially do we mingle our tears with her, who is thus left a widow--to her and to the children thus bereaved, we pledge our brotherly guardianship in this their life's greatest affliction.

Resolved, That these resolutions be spread upon the records of the Lodge, that a copy be furnished to the family of our deceased brother, and also to the city papers for publication, and that the members of the Lodge wear the usual badge of mourning for thirty days.


M. G. TROUP, Committee.





Call and see our $2.50 boots, at W. C. Root & Co.'s.

A. G. Wilson wants to buy several good milch cows for cash.

J. W. Johnston keeps on hand a well selected stock of burial cases.

10,000 lamps (more or less), at McGuire & Crippen;s.

Low Prices is what attracts the crowd at Frank Gallotti's Boot and Shore store.

Go to A. A. Jackson, at Jim Hill's old stand, to get a good square meal for 25 cents.

Town Lots for Sale cheap. Inquire of D. A. Millington, at the COURIER office.

Come and see. A fresh stock of Groceries, cheaper than ever, at Wallis & Wallis'.

Farms to exchange for wheat or cattle, fit for full feed this winter. F. M. FRIEND.

Orders for fine Photographs, are coming fast at Gray's gallery. Call early, examine styles and prices. Next to Bliss' store.

Don't you forget it. A. McInturff is ahead on good pictures. Makes gems, photographs, and landscape views. Just opposite the post office, Winfield, Kansas. Call and see work done in Winfield.

Farm for Sale.

400 acres of choice upland, in Sheridan township, 12 miles east of Winfield. Inquire at this office, of D. A. MILLINGTON.





In compliance with a law enacted last winter, the State Auditor has been collecting information in regard to the indebtedness of the municipal corporations in the State. He has returns from sixty-six of our seventy organized counties from which we glean the following items.

Leavenworth county heads the list with an indebtedness of one and a half million dollars.

In twenty-two counties the entire municipal indebtedness amounts to less than fifty thousand dollars each.

Outstanding county bonds and warrants amount to nearly seven million dollars.

The bonded indebtedness of school districts is nearly two million dollars, nearly one third of which belongs to the State permanent school fund.

The aggregate municipal indebtedness in the State is about thirteen million dollars.

Cowley has outstanding $31,500 of county bonds. The township bonds in the county amount to about the same sum. Our one hundred and eleven school districts owe in the aggregate about fifty thousand dollars.






Wheat Culture Again.

VERNON, KAN., Oct. 1, 1877.

EDITOR COURIER: I called the attention of our wheat raisers in July, 1876, to an experiment in making a hard seed bed for wheat, by harrowing and rolling the plowed ground before drilling in the wheat. The return of the pesky grasshopper prevented a trial last fall, and we presume most all have forgotten the suggestion. The result of drilling in a field of wheat by a roller drill which yielded 22 bushels per acre in north Vernon by Mr. Brannon, and also the report of method and results of a wheat grower in Reno county, prompts me to again call our wheat growers attention to it. This wheat grower in Reno county, after getting his land in cultivation, does not plow his land, but burns off the stubble and keeps the ground free of weeds with the harrow until seeding time (a mower could be used), when he drills in his wheat on this unplowed ground and gets a yield of from 30 to 40 bushels per acre, or about one-half more than the average in that vicinity on plowed land. I obtained about the same results on a road square or so in drilling on an unplowed turning row in this year's harvest. It is late for seeding, but will not everyone that has clean stubble give it a comparative trial at once, say one acre each unplowed, drilled on plowed ground, and harrowed in on plowed ground, and report results another harvest.








September 15, 1877.

WHEREAS, We the citizens of Otter township assembled in primary convention, looking to the selection of candidates to be voted for at the ensuing fall election, feeling this a fitting opportunity to express our opinions respectfully and firmly in regard to certain grievances which have been bearing heavily upon us for years, do, with honest, sincere intentions uphold and support the principles contained in the following resolutions.

Resolved, That because of our remoteness from the county seat, we have been treated with an indifference neither compatible with our interests, nor in accord with that feeling of independence which causes a desire for influence in governmental affairs.

Resolved, That we desire and respectfully demand as our due, representation in the county directory for 1878, having good and intelligent men, fully capable of performing the duties which an investment of office would devolve upon them.

Resolved, That we are fully and unqualifiedly opposed to voting bonds for the building of a railroad not calculated to benefit the interests of a majority of the tax-payers of Cowley county.

Resolved, That by vote of the convention, copies of these resolutions are directed to be furnished to the editors of the Winfield COURIER and Cedar Vale Blade, with the request that they receive insertion in their respective journals, and we hereby tender them our thanks for a favor, which we doubt not they will kindly grant us.




Corn Lands.

It has been generally supposed that the low rich bottoms along the Mississippi and other rivers and streams of the west were the only places, and the only soils where large crops of corn could be raised, but this is a mistake. If you come to Cowley county and visit the valley lands along her streams, you will find as good corn as ever the Mississippi bottoms produced; then, if you visit her upland farms, you will find corn equally good. The uplands of Cowley county seem to be an exception to all rules in other States, in producing abundant crops of corn.





In the nomination of Dr. W. G. Graham for Coroner, the late Republican convention made a wise selection. It is true that rarely a case of death occurs in this county that requires the intervention of a coroner, but there is other business and the office is an important one. Dr. Graham is a man of excellent judgment and is well read up in his profession. He will honor the office.



M. G. Troup is an independent candidate for County Clerk.

We think he is making a great mistake. It is true that he has for four years past filled that office ably, efficiently, and satisfactorily, true that many Republicans desire his re-election, and that many Democrats will vote for him; but it is equally true that there is a large number of the voters of this county who belive and justly, too, that there are a hundred other men in the county who would like a term at the office and are fully competent in every respect to fill it with credit, and these voters hold that such an office ought not to be monopolized by one person but be passed around and give others a chance, that Mr. Troup has held it long enough for one. It was this belief that nominated Capt. James S. Hunt for the office, that will impel not only Republicans but Democrats to vote for him, and will we doubt not, elect him by a handsome majority.

Capt. Hunt is popular where he is known, is eminently fitted for such a position, is honest, capable, and agreeable, was fairly nominated by his party, and should receive the entire vote of that party, while there is no good reason that Democrats should vote for Mr. Troup, another Republican, in his stead.





In another column will be found the names of the men who are to be chosen officers of Cowley county at the approaching election. Since the convention we have said little about the ticket nominated because, first, it was not required, and secondly, we have been crowded with other topics.

The COURIER expressed its unqualified approval of nearly all the candidates some time ago. We are more than satisfied with the ticket nominated. There is not a mean man on the list. Nearly all of our candidates are well known throughout the county. Most of them have lived among us since the organization of the county. Everyone of them are heartily endorsed and will be warmly supported by those who know them best. . . .





EDITOR COURIER: I see by the Traveler of this date, in a card by M. G. Troup, that he is "still a candidate for re-election" to the office of County Clerk. He says that he believes the action of the late Republican convention did not represent "the wishes of a majority of my party" in selecting a candidate for County Clerk. Well, Mr. Editor, that is good. Will Mr. Troup please tell the voters of Cowley county to what party he belongs? It is a well known fact that the convention recently held by the Republicans of this county represented the whole party. That its nominations were fairly and honestly made, that they are good nominations is not denied. The Republicans did not expect to make nominations for any party but their own. Troup says his party is dissatisfied, and therefore Troup is "still a candidate." Troupl was before the Republican convention distributing tickets from eleven o'clock a.m., until half past eleven p.m., and just before the vote was taken on County Clerk one of Troup's delegates said he was elected in Troup's interest, but Mr. Troup was no longer a candidate before that convention. Had he continued on the track and been nominated, his party would undoubtedly have thought the nomination satisfactory. Any way, it is fair to presume that if such had been the case, the head and front of Mr. Troup's party, Troup himself, would not have been dissatisfied.

Trusting that Republicans will give the matter due consideration, and believing that if they do so they will find Mr. Troup's party consists of himself, and knowing that it is the duty of Republicans to disregard the appeals of defeated candidates who run independent, we await information concerning "my party."


Winfield, Oct. 17th, 1877.






Jack Thurman is in trouble about a woman. [ODD COMMENT!]

Mr. Lane is building a residence in the north part of town.

S. W. Buell has given his house a new "patent outside."

Our foreman, T. C. Copeland, has been visiting in Augusta.

Judge Caldwell's large new residence is nearly completed.

There is a great demand for residences and residence property.

Reuben Rogers has built a residence at the south end of town.

J. B. Lynn is building a residence in the northwest part of town.

Ground is broken near the old M. E. church for a new bakery.

J. A. Foults is building a residence just north of the schoolhouse.

E. C. Manning has made an addition to Winfield on the west side.

DIED. A young child of Mr. Lebow died last Sunday morning of __________. [WAY THE ARTICLE APPEARED!]

Judge Gans says the marriage license business is distressingly dull.

J. C. Fuller has laid out an addition to Winfield on the east side of town.

E. E. Boyd, special mail agent from St. Louis, Mo., was in town last week.

John Hoenscheidt is making a county map for A. H. Green's land office.

John Wilson, our former barber, is in town renovating his residence building.



Rev. J. L. Rusbridge is building two residences in the south end of town.

J. W. Batchellor is about to build a residence in the northwest part of town.

Geo. Crippen is building a brick residence on Manning's Addition to Winfield.

Bring on your toads. Chinch bugs have appeared in the eastern part of the county.

P. Stump's new cut stone front business house is getting forward toward completion.

M. J. Miller, contractor, has elevated and lengthened his sthop, and put on a new outside.

Mr. Crippen, of McGuire & Crippen, is building a brick residence in the west part of town.

Sim Moore, the Republican war-horse of Tisdale, has returned from the Black Hills, hale and hearty.

The large stone blacksmith shop, which is being built by Mater, Son & Miller, is progressing well.

Wm. Atkinson, our new tailor, appears in a card today. He is well recommended. Give him a call. [COULD NOT FIND CARD!]

Levi Putnam has been buying residence lots in town, and proposes to built two or three residence at once.

E. C. Seward has fitted up the old M. E. church in excellent style, and it has become a fine and commodious residence.

Rev. N. L. Rigby is in the city again visiting his better half. He says his lamp manufacturing business is going on well.

Tom Blanchard, one of Cowley's earliest settlers and most substantial citizens, returned from the Black Hills last Saturday. [EARLIER THEY HAD HIM MOVING TO COLORADO???]

J. C. Fuller sold T. M. McGuire, E. P. Kinne, and E. S. Bedilion each a quarter of a block in his new addition, east of town, for residences.

BIRTH. E. Spencer Bliss comes to the front again, but is only half as proud as he was the other time. It is a boy this time, and Spencer is happy. [REMEMBER...HAD TWINS...BOTH DIED.]

Services at Methodist church next Sabbath as usual Subject of evening discourse, "Inspired truth in its relation to the past, present, and future."

J. W. Tull, of Lazette, made us a call last Friday. He says trade is good at that place, and that Stapleton has a new stock of goods and a new wife.

President Matthewson, of the Parsons road, assured Mr. Manning, last week, that his company would build 28 miles of their road this fall and winter.



MARRIED. Mac D. Stapleton, one of the leading citizens and merchants of Lazette, lately married Rebecca Ramage, of that place. Wish you much joy, Mac.

Remember the Supper and Sociable at the M. E. church next Friday at 5 o'clock p.m. Let everybody get a square meal for once, and help in time of need.

The Rev. pastor of the Catholic church asks the public to be punctual in handing to H. Jochems the moneys contributed or assessed to the church building fund.

Mrs. Nettie Lundy and her son, from Carrol City, Iowa, are visiting her mother, Mrs. Buell, and other relatives in Winfield. She is a niece of the senior editor.

Hon. J. McDermott, Hon. T. R. Bryan, Prof. Will G. Robinson, and others, whose names we did not get, have gone to Topeka. Wonder if the horse fair was the attraction.

The Arkansas City Traveler comes out somewhat improved in appearance, and proposes still further improvements. Scott makes a good paper, and deserves a liberal patronage.

WASH-PON-E-KA, king of the Kaws, "deposed and said," in Hackney & McDonald's office last Thursday, in relation to the marriage laws of his kingdon, for use in the U. S. court.

O. F. Boyle called on us last Saturday. He is in the grain buying business at Wichita, making his headquarters at the Westlake Elevator. Do not fail to see him when you have wheat to sell.

The School Basket will be read in the Intermediate Department of the Public Schools, on Friday afternoon, Oct. 26th. Parents and friends of the pupils are cordially invited to attend.

Goldie Triplett, a former resident of Winfield, returned last Friday. He is now living at Oswego. He says Winfield has grown beyond all his expectations.

DIED. Mrs. T. H. Henderson, known better as Mrs. McMasters, for some years a resident of Winfield, died at Joplin last week. Her relatives and numerous warm friends here will deeply mourn her loss.

Hon. J. S. Wilson, Attorney of Lawrence, was in town last Friday taking evidence in a case in the U. S. court, in which 400 acres of Kaw bottom lands is involved. He called at the COURIER office.

J. Ex. Saint and lady, James Kelly and lady, and L. J. Webb have gone to Topeka to attend the Masonic Grand Lodge, or the horse fair, or to visit their friends, we forget which. Hope A. B. will keep them out of mischief.

Rev. F. C. Wright, of Jefferson, Ohio, will preach at the Baptist church this evening, and on next Sabbath morning and evening. All are invited to attend. Mr. Wright is a talented preacher, and may be located here as pastor of the Baptist church. He is evidently the Wright man.



Col. E. C. Manning returned from Parsons last Friday. He does not bring a very flattering account of the progress of the Parsons road. Some difficulties are yet to be overcome before the work can start this side of Parsons, but it is believed they will be conquered in time to build the first fifteen miles before December 22nd.

We wish to give fair warning to any persons who are contemplating, or who may contemplate, abstracting any of our fire wood, that we have loaded several of the sticks with giant powder, and if anyone gets blown to the four winds of heaven, we refuse to pay any funeral expenses, or sympathise with the mourners.

The erection of the Catholic church will commence on the 29th, and will be pushed forward for completion so rapidly that services are to be held in it on the second Sunday in November. Building committee. Rev. J. C. Schurz, president; H. Jochems, treasurer and collector; Daniel Maher, secretary; J. Hoenscheidt, architect.

Rev. Father Schurz called on Monday, having held services in this city Sunday. He says that his district is too extensive, and that it is necessary to locate a pastor here, to take charge of a part of his district. The Rev. S. Rohr will probably soon be located as Catholic pastor. Services will then be arranged for twice a month.

A small cyclone, with heavy rain, passed over this city last Monday afternoon at 4 o'clock. The steeple of the new M. E. church was thrown to the ground and utterly demolished, doing much damage to the tower and church. This is a serious misfortune after the large expense of money and energy in its erection.

DIED. Miss Julia A. Barnard, who has been boarding with her grandmother, Mrs. Read, and attending school in this city, died Saturday, Oct. 13th, at 6:30 o'clock, aged 14 years. She was a member of the Missionary Baptist church for the past three years, and died with a bright hope of the future. Her remains were taken to Richland township for burial.

T. R. Carson, of Richland township, made us a call on Tuesday. He says the wheat in his section is very fine, completely covering the ground with a green carpet. He is a young farmer who uses brains as well as muscle in his farm operations. His windmill is one of his machines, and is used principally in pumping water for his stock and saves a great deal of labor, but can be put to a variety of uses. He is agent for the sale of such mills.




Republican Meeting.

FLORAL, KANSAS, Oct. 15, 1877.

There will be a meeting of the Republican voters of Richland township at the Richland schoolhouse, on the 27th day of Oct., 1877, at 7 o'clock p.m., for the purpose of nominating township officers, and selecting a township committee.


L. B. STONE, Secretary.



This grand body was organized in this city September 28th, by Past Supreme Dictator, A. E. Keyes, of Mansfield, Ohio, with the following officers.

Alonzo Howland, Past Grand Dictator; Dr. W. G. Graham, Grand Dictator, Winfield; C. W. Rambo, Elk Falls, Grand Vice Dictator; E. Maris, Eldorado, Grand Assistant Dictator; B. F. Smith, Oxford, Grand Chaplain; Henry J. Walker, Grand Reporter; S. P. Channel, Arkansas City, Grand Treasurer; R. W. Stephenson, Wellington, Grand Guide; H. O. Lystre, Cedar Vale, Grand Guardian; James Fogy, Douglass, Grand Sentinel.

The following were elected Trustees: H. O. Lystre, E. Maris, R. W. Stephenson, R. F. Smith, and L. F. Chandler.

The Grand Dictator appointed the following committees.

On Appeals: E. B. Kager, L. F. Chandler, and W. C. Robinson.

On Printing and Supplies: The Dictator, Vice Dictator, and Reporter.

On Laws and Supervision: A. Howland, R. F. Smith, and H. J. Walker.

On Finance: E. Maris, W. C. Robinson, and F. Sowers.

On Mileage and Per Diem: Thos. Osborn, H. O. Lystre, and A. E. Garrison.

On Returns: E. B. Kager, C. W. Rambo, and Dr. Lewis.

On State of the Order: H. J. Walker, A. Howland, B. F. Smith, J. W. McWilliams, and L. F. Chandler.

Upon motion the Grand Lodge adjourned to meet the second Wednesday in June, 1878, in the Knights of Honor Hall, in Eldorado, Kansas.

The first Lodge of the Order in this State was organized February 20, 1877, in this city. There are at present twelve subordinate Lodges working in the State, all in a good prosperous condition, having an aggregate membership of about 240 members.



The Philomatic Society

Met last Friday evening with a very respectable attendance. The society elected M. G. Troup, President; J. E. Allen, Vice President; Kate Millington, Secretary; Fred Hunt, Treasurer. The music was excellent, and the debate was ably conducted by Messrs. Seward, Rusbridge, and Jennings.

Next meeting Friday evening, Oct. 19. Music, Paper by F. C. Hunt and Kate Millington; Select Reading, Will Stivers; Discussion, J. E. Allen, W. Q. Mansfield, and others, with sundry exercises.


Hall of Winfield Chapter No. 31, R. A. Masons.

WINFIELD, KAN., Oct. 8, 1877.

WHEREAS, Death, for the first time, has invaded our circle, and taken from among us our companion, N. C. McCulloch, and;

WHEREAS, In the dispensation of Divine Providence we recognize the ruling of the Supreme Grand High Priest of the universe and bow submissively to his will.

Resolved, That we most sincerely deplore his loss, and in the true spirit of charity which animates our Brotherhood, we pledge to his bereaved family our sympathy and benefactions.

Resolved, That these resolutions be spread upon the minutes of the Chapter, a copy of the same attested by the Secretary and with the seal of the Chapter attached, furnished the family of our deceased companion and the city papers requested to make publication hereof.


W. C. ROBINSON, Committee.







To the Voters of Cowley County:

Believing that the action of the late Republican Convention of this county, in the choice of a candidate for County Clerk, does not represent the wishes of a majority of my party, and at the earnest solicitation of many friends, without regard to party, I am still a candidate for re-election to that office. Believing there is no political significance in the office of County Clerk, and regarding him simply as the servant of the people. I herewith pledge you that, if elected, in the future, as in the past, I shall endeavor to discharge the duties of the office to the entire satisfaction of the whole people, and not in the interests of any party, clique, or ring. Trusting that you will not be deceived and blinded by the "howl" and "smoke" that this Card will call forth from the "professional politicians" of the county.

I am most respectfully,

Your obedient servant.






Will start for



With teams sufficient to bring into this county $5,700 worth of Stock. We believe that the fruit growers of Cowley and adjoining counties are satisfied that the Nursery Stock sold by our agent, W. B. TRISSELL, Is just what it is represented to be.


Call upon him at his delivery grounds, in WINFIELD, or ARKANSAS CITY, on or about the 17th of November.



BAIRD BROS., At the New York Store,

Want 1,000 families to call and examine the largest stock of


Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps, etc., in Cowley County,

where everything is sold at

Grasshopper Prices.

Remember the place.

You can save money by buying of us.



I have engaged rooms in Maris' new building for the


and having lately been associated at Wichita, with a first-class artist from New York in that time, I am prepared to give satisfaction in


I would respectfully solicit a share of the public patronage.

I have received the latest fashions.





Corner of Main Street and 10th Avenue, Winfield.

Keeps constantly on hand a most stylish assortment of



Orders filled on the shortest notice, and on the most reasonable terms.



Prices Low for Cash.

Liberal Terms to Those who wish to Purchase on Time.

Payments can be made in Monthly Installments.

The "Webber" Piano,

The favorite of all first-class musicians.

The Bloomfield & Otis Pianos

The Emerson Piano,

The Celebrated "SILVER TONGUE" Organ,

manufactured by the oldest Reed Organ Home in the United States. Elegantly and durably finished. Sweetest tone and extraordinary power.

For circulars and terms apply to







Honest John Guthrie, of Topeka, is Grand Master of the grand Lodge of Masons.


Judge Prescott, of Salina, has decided that divorces granted in Utah are invalid in this State.


It is said that Spotted Tail, when at Washington, refused to accept a portrait of the nude statue of Venus. The old fellow is sadly in need of civilization.


The Sitting Bull peace commission have finally had an interview with the great warrior, who was afraid of treachery, would not surrender nor make peace, and the commission had to abandon the work of conciliation.



The announcement of this gentleman as an independent candidate for County Clerk deserves more comment. Four years ago he was nominated by the Republican party of this county for that office, and the Republicans stood by him and elected him; not because they knew anything about him but because their convention had endorsed him.

In Tisdale, hiw own township, where he was best known, a township largely Republican, his opponent received a majority of the votes cast. No other candidate who was before the convention that nominated Mr. Troup had the bad faith to run against him after being defeated in the convention. On the contrary, like honorable men, they accepted the decision of the convention and supported Mr. Troup. Again two years ago he was nominated by the Republicans and no one bolted the nomination to run independent.

Now the Republican convention has in its wisdom nominated Catp. J. S. Hunt for that office, and Mr. Troup says their action "does not represent the wishes of my party." He assumes by his action that any convention which nominates Mr. Troup is wise, and that any that nominates anyone else for the office does not represent the wishes of his party. His party is only satisfied when it nominates him.

In the COURIER for Sept. 18th is found side by side the announcements of M. G. Troup and J. S. Hunt as candidates for the office of County Clerk before the Republican convention. Both were well known to be candidates all over the county, both canvassed to a considerable extent, and the primaries were held more with reference to the claims of those two candidates than of any others save those for Sheriff, and were more fully attended than ever before; no set of delegates ever before so nearly expressed the will of their constituents, and when the convention assembled, Mr. Troup was there busy canvassing the delegates.

It was there ascertained that a great majority of them were for Capt. Hunt, a fact that Mr. Troup fully realized by his withdrawal, and Capt. Hunt was nominated without dissent. Never was a fairer nomination nor one which gave more general satisfaction to the party.

The people do not know that there is anything wrong about the Clerk's office. They hope that the incumbent has done his duty well, but they well know that there is opportunity for many frauds in that office, and many neglects of duty which would not be detected until a change of officers. They know that nearly all the astounding frauds that have been unearthed, have been perpetrated by persons who were considered above suspicion; who not having been scrutinized on account of the confidence reposed in them, have been tempted into small peculations which have grown with years into enormous embezzlements and other frauds. They know that in the office of County Clerk there are fees to collect and credit to the county; that there are large amounts of stationery and expensive books to be bought for the county, on which a high price is sometimes paid the seller, who in turn pays back the officer a high commission; that there are large amounts of county scrip to control and handle, that considerable sums of scrip are made and signed, ready for delivery, which are never called for, and should be cancelled and destroyed after three years; that there are the accounts of other officers to be kept straight; that the errors and frauds of county officers are usually only detected when there is a change of County Clerks; that County Attorney McDermott discovered last winter a $2,500 error in the late Treasurer's account which the County Clerk had for three years failed to detect; and that four consecutive years is as long as any person should ever hold that responsible position.

The late convention did well to decide upon a change. It expressed the wishes of nearly all the voters of the county if we may judge from the expression we hear. It did well in nominating Capt. J. S. Hunt, a man who is in every respect the peer of the present incumbent; a man whose whole record shows that he will thoroughly overhaul the past operations, and discover if anything is wrong; and Republicans will, we doubt not, vote for him almost unanimously, while the Democrats who prefer the good of the county rather than the damaging of the Republican party will also support him.


Winfield Courier, October 25, 1877.


Charley Harter, the Democratic nominee, is a good fellow, has no faults except such as are common to Democrats, and would possibly make a good sheriff, therefore it is to be expected that most of the straight unterrified Democrats will support him, but there is no good reason that any Republican or any Democrat who wants the best man elected should vote for him.

The Republican nominee for Sheriff, Leon Lippmann, was a candidate in the contest against two other Republicans, of acknowledged ability and fitness for the office, men that would have honored the party and the county had they or either of them been nominated and elected, yet the convention, composed of men of judgment and sagacity second to none in the county, selected Lippmann against the others, thus giving him such an endorsement as few candidates ever get.

Mr. Lippmann is not a stranger in this county. He is one of the early settlers, an honest, thoroughly educated, energetic, courageous, hard-working man. He has demonstratged his fitness for the office in his whole course of life and business in our midst, has earned his popularity by earnest hard work, fair, honest dealing, and pleasant, affable intercourse with all his acquaintances, and if any man deserves the office, that man is Leon Lippmann.

The only fault we have ever hearfd mentioned against him are the facts that he was not born in this country, and that he took out naturalization papers at the term of court last spring.

He was born in France because he could not help it, and the evidence we have that he would have helped it if he could, is that he migrated to this country at the age of eleven years, entered the Union army at the age of 18, and fought for our country during the war, receiving his honorable discharge three years later at the close of the war. Under the laws of the United States such service invests a foreign born man with all the rights and privileges of citizenship, hence in 1865, at the age of 21, Mr. Lippmann was as fully and legally a citizen of the United States as any other person, and had no need to take out naturalization papers, but to avoid all cavil he took the trouble to take out his papers last spring just as he would have done in 1865 when he had reached his majority, had he not been already invested with citizenship by his discharge papers.

No Republican, who desires the integrity of his party, no elector who has the interests of the county at heart, can afford to neglect to vote for Leon Lippmann on the 6th day of November.





We took a look through the register's office the other day and are pleased to be able to inform our readers that it is in the best possible shape.

The cases for books are on the most approved plan, the shelves being constructed so that the books slide back into their places on rollers, making the wear in handling them very slight. We have seen but one other office in the State so well arranged.

We find that the expense of the purchase of books for the office has been greatly reduced during Mr. Kinne's term. The records that cost us formerly $28, are purchased now for $22.

We have now as complete a set of abstract books as can be found anywhere. These books have been made for the public. The plan is so simple that anyone can determine at a glance the exact condition of the title to any piece of land in the county. These abstracts were prepared by Mr. Kinne for less than half the fees allowed by law. He has the business of his office so systematized that everything moves like clock work. Mr. Kinne deserves another term and he will get it by a majority of about six hundred votes.




Mr. Troup asserts that during his term he has saved this county ten thousand dollars. How, Mr. Troup? When were we in danger of sustaining such a heavy loss? Have you done any more than your sworn duty as an officer? On the contrary, we have just come into possession of evidence that satisfies us that this county did sustain a loss of at least $2,561.20, that is directly charged to either your inefficiency or neglect.

October 23rd, 1876, the retiring county treasurer filed in your office a statement of his business during his term. The board of county commissioners intrusted you to examine that statement in detail, and ordered the county treasurer to refund to Mr. Kager any sum of money you should find due him. You have, or should have, in your office such checks and balances as would enable you to detect at once any error in the county treasurer's accounts. On the 7th of last December, after examining the statement with Mr. Kager's attorney, you reported to Mr. Bryan that Mr. Kinne had overpaid the county $522.17, and that that sum should be repaid to him as ordered by the county board. Sometime after this county attorney McDermott called your attention to the fact that Dist. No. 5 had sustained a loss of about $300, and said that it must be an error in your settlement with the county treasurer. You denied this emphatically, and said you knew the statement was correct. Mr. McDermott showed you after your efficient (?) service of three years as county clerk, how to detect such errors, looked up with you the affairs of Dist No. 5, convinced you that a mistake of over $300 had been made in that instance, and left you to examine the accounts of other districts and see if other blunders had been made.

You then proceeded to make the examination and discovered that in your statement to Mr. Bryan you had made a mistake of $2,561.30, and you reported that blunder to the county board April 11th, 1877. Would the mistake ever have been discovered had it not been for the efficiency of the county attorney? Does not the county attorney deserve the credit for the detection of your blunder and the recovery to this county of the lost $2,561.30? We think so.

Did you save the balance of the ten thousand dollars in the same way?

You are invited to make your defense through the columns of the COURIER.




A. H. Green, lawyer and real estate broker, has issued the first number of a newspaper entitled The Kansas News, and devoted to the interests of the county of Cowley and the city of Winfield. He has already printed an edition of 5,000 copies, and proposes to increase it to 10,000. He is circulating the paper throughout the State, in the hotels of the principal cities further East, and on all railroad trains running in the State. It contains a complete description of the county, its productions, industries, trade, and products, and will be an invaluable advertisement for our county and city. We have the best county and the liveliest city in the State, but located as we are, away from the lines of railroad travel, men who have money and brains desiring to locate in Kansas have not visited us in such numbers as have examined other portions of the State, and though we have a goodly number of that class of men, particularly men of brains, yet a still larger number is desirable. If such be induced to visit our county, they will be pretty sure to locate. What they need are the facts, and A. H. Green has been to a large expense in time and money to lay the facts before such men. He is entitled to the gratitude of all who are interested in the growth and prosperity of this county. A man who can exhibit such enterprise will do your business efficiently. Give him a call.





WINFIELD, KANSAS, Oct. 23, 1877.

EDITOR COURIER: I understand that Mr. Troup and his friends are circulating the report that he (Troup) was "sold out" in the Republican convention, and did not have a fair show. When it became apparent that George Walker could not be nominated for Sheriff, I told Walker that there was nothing to be gained by prolonging the contest, and he authorized me to act for him as I saw fit, and therefore I withdrew his name. When I did so, Mr. Troup came to me and wanted to know what it meant, and I told him what I had told Walker. He replied, "Why didn't you wait a little longer and give me a chance to make some votes out of it?" I told him he was all right, and in no danger. He went away and shortly came back and said he was not going to have his name go before the convention. I tried to dissuade him from withdrawing. I told him he was already before the convention, and I believed he could be nominated. He said he could not, and authorized me to withdraw his name. He now charges Capt. Hunt's nomination to be a "trade," when there is no foundation for it. He was dissatisfied because he was not notified of Walker's intention of withdrawing, in order that he (Troup) might "trade" on it. These are the facts, and I only state them in justice to myself, and others of Mr. Troup's friends, who were anxious to have him nominated, but are now charged with these things, to secure Mr. Troup's election, against the regular nominee.





MARRIED. Frank Manny, who formerly lived in Rock township, lately married a Miss Mary Chamberlain, and is running a brewery at Wichita.


The Masonic Grand bodies have been in session in Topeka during this week. Hon. M. S. Adams, of this city, was elected Grand High Priest of the Grand Chapter for the ensuing year.





Sixty counties have held normal institutes under the law enacted last winter.




The Frazee brothers have returned from the gold regions.

The post office at Douglas has been made a money order office.

Mr. E. S. Bliss is making additions to his residence, and building a barn.

Seth Blanchard and D. Rodocker have left the Black Hills and gone East.

Nate Robinson's stage line between this place and Eldorao is well patronized.

Mr. A. G. Wilson is building a fine residence at his stock ranch, southwest of the city.

Quite a number of farmers went from Rock township to Eldorado with wheat last Tuesday.

J. B. Lynn's new house presents a fine appearance. It is enclosed and will be completed soon.

J. C. Fuller sold, this week, a half block north of his present residence to Rev. J. C. Schurz.

E. C. Manning is making arrangements to build a brick business house on the site of the "old log store."

E. Shriver and Barney Shriver, of Sheridan ttownship, have 600 head of cattle in the Territory, south of this place.

J. L. Bruce & Co. have sold out their interest in the City Hotel to W. D. Anderson, who will continue the business.

Our enterprising druggist, B. F. Baldwin, advertises in the Courier. He treats his patrons well and has a large trade.

Our popular stage agent, M. L. Bangs, had bought a lot on Ninth avenue, west of Main street, and is about to build a residence.



E. C. Manning sold two lots on 9th Avenue and three lots on his addition, to Levi Putnam, who is going to build residences to rent.

At the Rock Creek meeting, Mr. Troup attempted to explain the "crookedness" in the $2,561.30 deficiency, but utterly failed to exonerate himself.

J. C. Fuller has commenced the building of a new residence on his square southeast of the courthouse. It is supposed it will be something fine.

Joe Stansberry was taken with a paroxysm of insanity, while in Winfield last Tuesday, and attempted self-destruction. At last accounts he was nearly recovered.

It will take one thousand dollars to repair the M. E. church and make a new steeple, and it is to be done at once. The steeple will be on a more beautiful plan than the first.

John Hoenscheidt, whose ad appears today, is getting many jobs in architectural drawing, which he executes with great neatness and accuracy. He is a first-class architect.

Read Harter & Hill's ad. They are reliable young men, wide awake and full of business. Their livery stable is in every respect first-class. Give the boys a share of your business.

Charley Roberts, one of our most prosperous farmers, has gone with his family to Iowa to visit old friends. They will return about the time the "boys get the corn gathered."

Hotel arrivals, in this city, for the week ending October 24th, 1877, number as follows: Central, 70; Anderson House, 44; Williams House, 44.

There will be a meeting held in the classroom of the M. E. church next Monday evening, for the purpose of organizing a Glee Club. All interested in singing are requested to attend.

The Democratic candidate for Register of Deeds is a "middle man." His only visible means of support is a little store at Salt City. His place of business will soon be at the head of Salt river. [WHAT A NASTY COMMENT!]

The road to Eldorado has been improved recently. The steep hills have been graded and the rocks removed from many of the rough places. A little more work will put the road in excellent condition.

A meeting of the L. M. I. S. will be held at the residence of Mrs. Mansfield, Monday evening, Oct. 28th, promptly at 7 o'clock. MRS. A. C. WILKINSON, President.




HON. D. T. BLIGH, chief detective, of Louisville, Kentucky, visited this place a few days ago. He is a relative of J. W. Hamilton--likes the county so well that he bought a farm and talks of building several houses for rent in town.

E. Spencer Bliss, and his brother, Albert Bliss, have bought out the interests of Mrs. Rigby and Mr. Earnest in the general store of Bliss, Earnest & Co., and the new firm will be all Bliss, under the firm name of Bliss & Co.

Dr. F. H. Bull, dentist, late of Burlington, Iowa, has opened rooms upstairs in the S. C. Smith building to practice his profession. He is a first-class dentist, as many who know him will testify.

Will the judges of election in each township or precinct carefully prepare a statement of the vote at the election on November 6th and send it directly to the COURIER office by the person who brings in the sealed returns that day?

Joel Mason, of Pleasant Valley township, has left at our office a sweet potatoe, weighing 53 pounds, taken out of a lot of 100 that averaged 5 pounds. He also left an English flat turnip, weighing 4 pounds. Both are beautiful specimens.

Mr. John D. Pryor was appointed Grand Principal Sojourner of the Grand Chapter, and Dr. W. G. Grahma, Grand Junior Deacon of the Grand Lodge of Masons, at the recent session of the fraternity at Topeka.

Mr. W. D. Roberts, of this city, has accepted a situation as salesman to Geo. Y. Smith's store, at Wichita. He is to go to that city the first of next week to enter at once upon his duties.

Rev. N. L. Rigby exhibited to us his patent for his invention in lamps, issued to him by the government of Great Britain. To those who have never seen such a document, it is worth a visit to Mr. Rigby to see it. The document itself would do for a table-cloth, and is neater, whiter, and more substantial than most table-spreads. The seal wighs about four pounds, and the whole is enclosed in and fills up a neat case about twelve by sixteen inches, five inches deep.



Last Tuesday night, while grinding flour at Tabler's [? could be Tabier's ? PRINT SO SMALL IN THIS ISSUE THAT EVERYTHING IS VERY HARD TO READ!] mill, on Cana, the machinery, all of a sudden, refused to perform its revolutions. The next morning the miller "drew off" the water for the purpose of examining the water-wheel, which he found loaded [?] with large fish. He informs us that fifty pounds of fish were taken out, several of which weighed forty pounds. Cedarvale Blade.

What is it Sam? What are you trying to get through you? You had the idea, Sam, but you got the story awfully mixed.



DIED. At Central City, Dakota Territory, Oct. 5, 1877, John S., youngest son of William S. and Leonora Bryant, formerly of Peru, Lazette county, Illinois; aged 22 years and 14 days.

We clip the following from the Black Hills Daily Pioneer:

"The funeral of Mr. J. S. Bryant on Sunday was attended by a large crowd of his mourning friends. It was the largest funeral procession we have seen in the Hills. The services were conducted at Central City by Major Newson, and the choir led by Mr. Charles Lack. The Major made a most eloquent, touching, and appropriate address. We regret exceedingly not having space to publish it. It was a sermon preached out of the pulpit without gown or cassock, a just tribute to the memory of the deceased, and caused the tear of sympathy to mosten many a manly eye. It did not harrow up the feelings of the bereaved, but appealed to the hearts of all."



Charley Harter's democratic friends, have perpetrated rather a good joke on him. They intended it for a joke, but we understand he takes it in good earnest. They thought it would be a good thing to get Charley out of a store long enough to tan his face and soil his soft white hands. Had they intended to do him a favor they might have nominated him for county clerk, register of deeds, or some other office suited to his tastes. The idea of selecting a nice, ladies' man like Charley for sheriff, is simply ludicrous. Would it not be fun to see him called out of bed as 12 o'clock of a cold winter night to chase a horse thief? How long would it take him to get up? On such occasions wouldn't he give the boys who elected him blue blazes. Where would the horse thief be by the time Charley had put on two overcoats, drawn on his tight kid gloves, and over them a pair of buckskin gauntlets, warmed bricks, and put them in his stirrups to keep his feet from becoming cold, placed the sheepskin in his saddle to make his ride as easy as possible, tied a couple of handkerchiefs around his neck, and pulled a very broad-brimmed hat low down over his face to keep the moonshine from tanning him? Charley, take our advice and do not spend much money in this campaign. Quit rubbing your hands on the fork handle so much trying to harden them. You will only make blisters, not calloused spots. Stay in out of the sun and keep your hands and face smooth and white. The people may elect you to a nice indoor office, when they have one to spare. They would not think, for a moment, of subjecting you to the hardships incident to the sheriff's office. Lippmann was a poor orphan boy. He has always been exposed to hardship and toil. The hard work of the office will not hurt him. Let him have it and you take care of yourself.





Rooms upstairs in S. C. Smith's building.

Office days: Monday, Tuesday, Friday, and Saturday.





to order from the best stock and gives entire satisfaction to his customers.


Wm. Hudson & Bro.,

Watchmakers And Jewelers,

Keep constantly on hand the latest styles of Watches,

Clocks, and Jewelry.


done with promptness and skill, and



in which are kept all articles left for repairs.





Will make PLANS, SPECIFICATIONS, AND CONTRACTS For Buildings on short time at Reasonable Prices, in any part of Kansas or neighboring States.

Public Buildings Made a Specialty.

Correspondence Solicited.



9th Avenue, East of Main Street,

Winfield, Kansas.

Runs in connection with their Stable in Wichita.







Lodging connected with the House.






The following is a copy of the order made by the board of county commissioners Oct. 23rd, 1876, referred to in our editorial headed "Crookedness," to-wit:

"It appearing Oct. 23rd, 1876, referred to in our editorial headed "Crookedness," to-wit:

"It appearing to the board that E. B. Kager, ex-county treasurer, has turned over to his successor in office too much money, the present county treasurer is hereby ordered to refund to said Kager all money in his hands in excess of the total amount that shall be agreed upon by the clerk of this board and said Kager as being due the various funds at the expiration of said Kager's term of office."


ROCK, Oct. 27, 1877.

HON. L. J. WEBB: Dear Sir: I notice in this week's Telegram that it is claimed that my interests are not entirely in Cowley county, but rather in Butler. I will simply say to the voters of the first district, that I never owned a foot of land or property of any kind in Butler county. All the real estate I possess is located in this county.

Yours truly, G. L. GALE.

The above from Mr. Gale, the republican candidate for county commissioner for the first district, fully answers the insinuation that he is a Butlerite. Mr. Gale is a Cowley county man and as deeply interested in the welfare of this county as any other citizen. He is a warm, but judicious railroad man, and has heartily supported both the Parsons and the Emporia roads. He will use all judicious and honorable means in his power to secure the building of an east and west railroad through the center of the county, and another down the Walnut valley, in the shortest possible time, at the same time saving the county all unnecessary expense. The fears that some express that he will be disposed to throw obstacles in the way of any railroad company proposing to build into this county are entirely groundless. We confidently expect his election, and the aid of his strong, good sense, and his active work, in securing such improvements as our county still needs.




Some of the leading supporters of Charley Harter are throwing out hints that a scheme is on foot that will beat Lippmann and are offering to bet it will succeed. From other sources we have hints that some yarn against him has been fabricated and been sworn to by some unscrupulous samp, which is to be published in the Telegram and in hand bills and circulated on the morning of the election, when it is too late to refute it. Such tactics have often been practiced by politicians in desperate straits, but are too contemptible to think of. Every sensible voter should know that nothing but lies are ever circulated in that way.

As we go to press we learn that the Telegram has been printed but is still withheld, though it is now two days behind its regular time of publication. This confirms the suspicion that it contains something that the COURIER would disprove if published before the COURIER goes to press. It is possible that some similar game against Capt. Hunt is on foot.





The following editorial appeared in the COURIER of last week. [REPRINTS ARTICLE ENTITLED "CROOKEDNESS."]

To this Mr. Troup replies as follows:


This is to certify that we, the undersigned Commissioners of Cowley county, Kansas, have read an article in the editorial columns of the Winfield COURIER, entitled "Crookedness," and find the same to be a gross misrepresentation of Mr. Troup's official acts concerning the final statement and settlement of Mr. Kager's account vs. county treasurer of said county. Believing in the motto of "honor to whom honor is due," we would further say that no official act of Mr. Troup's in connection with Mr. Kager's final settlement would, in the least degree, indicate to the mind of any fair-minded person that he (Troup) was dishonest, inefficient, or unfaithful in the trust confided to his care, but on the contrary, his every act in that matter but serves to confirm us in the belief that he has been, and is, a faithful, efficient, and honorable public servant.

October 27th, 1877.

(Signed) R. F. BURDEN,



Now, Mr. Editor, I deem the foregoing to be a sufficient answer to the villainous article you published last week, and do not care to trespass further on your space with that matter. However, I desire to say that you must be supporting a most odious ticket indeed, if it requires such dirty work to carry it, as you had made use of, in your last issue. Does it not strike you as being a little riciculous, Mr. Editors, for you to resort to such infamous measures to carry a ticket, that is as worthy of support as you say yours is, in a county where you have a straight majority of 700 votes? Do you not think you could lend more dignity to the exalted position which you hold, at the head of the public education of this great commonwealth, if you were to devote more time to the educational interests of the state, and less to the publication of such articles, as emanated from your fertile brain last week? Is it not, in fine, just a little degrading to the Office of State Superintendent of Public Instruction, for you to come down here, 200 miles, to do the dirty work for a few political shysters, in a local canvass for county officers? I leave you to answer these interrogations at your leisure.

Now, Mr. Editor, having performed my duties honestly and faithfully, I feel confident that all future discoveries of "crookedness" will have the same foundation of fact, as the one mentioned last week. Having nothing to fear from a strict and impartial inquiry into my official career, I invite you to try again, in your search for "crookedness."

Yours respectfully,


There is no principle of newspaper courtesy that would require us to publish the above strictures on Mr. Lemmon. On the contrary, under the rules of the press we would be justified in refusing to publish the communication, because Mr. Troup has so forgotten that he should be a gentleman, as to call us hard names. However, we waive the discourtesy and publish the article entire.

We do not think the people care to be diverted from the issues in this canvass by a discussion of Mr. Troup's strictures on Mr. Lemmon. Mr. Lemmon is a citizen of this county; votes only here, has invested all his means here, returns to this county as his home when his official duties will permit, will permanently remain here when those duties are ended, feels as deep an interest in, and works as hard for the welfare of this county as any other citizen, and has an equal right to be heard in its politics and policies. But whether he is behaving badly or well is not an issue at this time, for he is not "running for office." Mr. Troup is a candidate for a third term as county clerk, and his official acts are legitimate subjects for discussion. Hence our editorial in last week's COURIER as above. Please examine it carefully and see where the "villainy," the "dirty work," and the "infamous measures," come in. We think we treated the subject with great fairness--even with tenderness. We stated certain facts which are not controverted in his reply, neither can they be successfully, for the records of his office and that of the county treasurer, together with the testimony of other county officers and other men of unquestioned veracity, amply prove them to be true.

The issue is made only on our conclusion, that the loss of about $2,500 to the county was due either to Mr. Troup's neglect or his inefficiency. It is a cheap way to controvert such conclusions, to write or dictate a denial in general terms like the above, and induce three of his particular friends to subscribe it as a favor. It is a fact often commented upon that most men at the instance of a friend will sign any paper except a promise to pay money. Our commissioners being human are not excempt from such weakness. But if they really meant to stand by what that paper contains, they are in the same boat with him. There was assuredly some neglect, or inefficiency, or something worse somewhere, or school districts in this county would not thus have lost more than $2,500 of the funds--a loss that would evidently never have been detected had it not been for the efficiency of county attorney McDermott. The use of this large sum for fifteen months was lost beyond recovery.

Mr. Troup makes the commissioners deny that his official action in this case indicates any dishonesty on his part. Please examine our editorial again and see where we intimate that he has been dishonest. We fail to find it. The idea of dishonesty has been suggested by Mr. Troup alone, and while we will not say that "a guilty conscience needs no accuser," we think it well, now that he has called our attention to this phase of the subject, not to brush the thought too hastily away, but to proceed to state a few more facts.

The law of 1875--a law that has been on our statute books for two and a half years, requires the county clerk to make under oath quarterly, and file with the register of deeds a detailed statement of the amount of fees received by him during the quarter. No such report has ever been filed with the register of deeds of this county. We leave it for others to say whether this is neglect, or inefficiency, or the other thing. The same law declares that county clerks shall be allowed "as full compensation for their services" in counties of 5,000 and less than 10,000 inhabitants, $1,200, and in counties of 10,000, and not more than 15,000 inhabitants, $1,500 per annum, which salaries shall be in full for all the services by law required to be performed in their respective offices." At the commissioners' meeting on the first Monday of October last, Mr. Troup presented his statement of account against the county, in which he claimed, after deducting certain fees, a balance due him for his services during the preceeding quarter of $663.15, and that sum was allowed and paid him. In that statement was included $300 for a duplicate tax roll. We have consulted the leading attorneys of this city and have failed to find one who will say that the account was a just one, or that it should have been allowed and paid. There is no law authorizing it, and even if there were, the work could have been done for one-fourth of the sum Mr. Troup has received for it, and besides the work had not been done, notwithstanding the account was verified by his oath, stating "that the amount claimed thereon is actually due." The tax roll had not been completed the first of this week, and yesterday it had not been received by the county treasurer.

What is the conclusion to be drawn from these facts? Are either of the three that are above considered sufficient? A year ago he also collected from the county in addition to his legal salary the sum of $300, for a duplicate tax roll, making with the late $300, and the $2,500, the sum of $3,100 saved to the county in his peculiar way.

The township assessors in the spring of 1875, after the law above referred to came into force, returned a total population of less than 10,000 in the county. Mr. Troup procured an addition to be made to the population returns of one township and raised the total to 10,020, thereby making his salary $1,500, instead of $1,200, thus saving $300 to the county for himself, and $300 for another officer, raising his sum of savings up to $3,700.

So why should we doubt that the whole $10,000 has been thus saved. Mr. Troup claimed to have found many evidences of the three faults we have been discussin in the records made by his predecessor in office. What will Mr. Troup's successor find? Here we gladly leave the subject of Mr. Troup's official record. We have stated facts only--facts which we have not searched for, but which our attention has lately been called to, and which we would not state until we had the proofs.

We feel no unkindness toward Mr. Troup, but so long as he and his friends have been perambulating the county making exaggerated statements about his honesty, efficiency, and faithfulness, and circulating slanderous statements about Capt. Hunt, it is due both to Mr. Troup and to the republican nominee for county clerk that the people should know these things that they they may vote understandingly.

It is due, however, that Mr. Troup's political record should receive some attention.

After the republican convention of Sept. 22nd, last, had nominated Capt. Hunt, and up to the time of the democratic convention, Oct. 13th, Mr. Troup repeatedly stated to republicans that he would not be an independent candidate, but would support Mr. Hunt. Was this for the purpose of avoiding an examination of his official record until it should be too late to get before the people in time to influence the election, any facts that might be discovered?

Last fall he requested to be placed on the Manning ticket as a delegate in the convention, and was so placed and selected a delegate. He entered that convention and supported and voted for Manning, as senator, but after Manning was nominated, he was among Manning's opposers, and anxious to be made a nominee for the same office against Manning. He has talked heavily against bonding the county for any purpose, when that view was popular, and has afterward made speeches in favor of voting bonds. He is strongly temperance, with temperance men; signed three petitions for saloon licenses in one season; and signed a petition and a remonstrance the same week. He has supported both Johnston and Kelly for post master at the same time. In fact, his political duplicity has become so notorious that it is often remarked that Troup is on both sides of every question.

He is a politician, and apparently only anxious to be found on the winning side. Two years ago the republicans nominated him as a republican and the democrats as a democrat, and being on both sides, with no opposing candidate, he was sure to win. Now he is at it again, and it remains to be seen whether he will win this time with similar tactics, now that he is opposed to a regular republican nominee.


JOHN D. PRYOR, Esq.: Dear Sir: Referring to our editorial entitled "Crookedness," in last week's COURIER, will you state what you know about the transaction therein referred to in relation to Mr. Troup's connection with that settlement with Mr. Kager? Yours truly, ED. COURIER.

MR. EDITOR: In reply to your inquiry above, I would say that I was Mr. Kager's attorney referred to in that editorial, and acted in place of Mr. Kager in that settlement. Your statement is correct so far as it relates to Mr. Troup's connection with it.

Yours truly, JOHN D. PRYOR.






WINFIELD, KANSAS, Oct. 31st, 1877.

EDITOR COURIER: In compliance with your request, I herewith submit a statement of the facts in relation to the discovery of the deficiency in the accounts of Mr. Kager, referred to in your editorial article entitled "Crookedness," in last week's COURIER, so far as they are within my knowledge.

To begin with, County Treasurer Bryan and myself are both tax-payers in school district No. 5 (Dexter), in this county and both interested in its welfare. Sometime in the summer of 1876, probably in July, I had occasion to, and did, examine the condition of the bond tax fund of that district, and informed myself as to its condition at that time and as to the amount of tax necessary to be levied on the assessment of 1876 to meet the bonds and coupons maturing up to and including June 1st, 1877. That amount (10 mills) was levied. On or about the 4th Monday in January 1877, County Treasurer Bryan prepared and published his first quarterly statement as required by law. That statement showed that district No. 5 had been largely overpaid on account of its bond tax fund, I think something over $300. Shortly after the making of this statement, I happened into Mr. Bryan's office and he called my attention to the fact that "our district" (meaning No. 5) was in a bad fix. Upon my inquiring what was the matter, he showed me the statement and added that, in addition to the large overpayment there shown, the district had one bond, then past due since the 1st of the preceeding June, and still unpaid.

I, referring to the information which I had obtained in the summer before, immediately stated that there was something wrong. That the district could not be in that condition. That there was an error somewhere. Reference was made to the ledger account of the district and an item, of date January 15th, 1877, of sundries $339.012 was found charged against the district. Mr. Bryan informed me that said item of sundries represented a balance claimed for Kager against the district in final settlement and which claim had been allowed by Troup and the item entered upon the ledger by J. D. Pryor.

I immediately walked into Mr. Troup's office and called his attention the matter, claiming that there was some mistake. He produced a statement which had been filed by J. D. Pryor for Mr. Kager and proceeded to show me that there could be no mistake. I called his attention to the fact that I had been in his office the summer before, looking into the condition of that district and he admitted having some recollection of that fact.

I then asked him to furnish me with the amount of the levy for bond purposes in that district for the years 1872 to 1875, both inclusive, which he did. (I do not remember the figures.) I then requested him to take his bond register and tell me the amount of bonds and coupons, issued by that district, which had become due June 1st, 1876, which was still unpaid. This he did and thereby demonstrated the fact that, if Kager had paid all the bonds and coupons which had become due, in fact everything which he could lawfully have paid on account of that district, there would still be a small balance due to the district instead of $339.012 against it. Having thus convinced Mr. Troup that there was an error somewhere, I left him to find it out. When I next saw Mr. Troup, he informed me that he had discovered the error and that Kager owed district No. 5 $351.69, thereby showing that, at the final settlement, Kager owed that district the sum of $12.672 instead of the district owing him $339.012, as claimed by him and as allowed by Troup.

Mr. Troup further stated that there were 12 other districts in the same condition and that the whole amount of $2,561.30.

The above, Mr. Editor, is the full story of the great discovery, so far as I am concerned, and which, I am informed, Mr. Troup denies; I also learn that the commissioners of this county, in a card, have denounced the above facts, with others, as "gross misrepresentations." In this connection, I desire to state that neither of the commissioners know anything about the facts herein stated, except what may have been told them, and either of the gentlemen ought to have more regard for their reputation as honest and sensible men, than to pronounce as false facts of which they have no knowledge, and I regret exceedingly, for the sake of Cowley county and the Republican party, that the said commissioners are not, to say the least, thoughtful men.

In regard to Mr. Troup's denial of these facts, I desire to say that if my information is correct, Mr. Troup has, in dealing with this matter, forgotten that he is a gentleman, and has appeared in the role of a blackguard, and, as I do not desire to compete with him for such doubtful honors, I will, so far as that is concerned, "leave him alone in his glory."

In deciding as to the truth or falsity of Mr. Troup's denial, it might be well to inquire: If my statement of facts, as above set forth, is not trrue, what led Mr. Troup, at that particular time, to make an examination of Mr. Kager's accounts? Mr. Troup admits, that in December he examined Kager's settlement in company with J. D. Pryor and found the sum of $522.17 due to Kager, and he (Troup) ordered Bryan to pay Kager that amount, which Bryan did. Now, if Mr. Troup was not satisfied with the result of that examination, he ought not, as a faithful officer, to have suffered, much less ordered, Bryan to pay Kager that money. If he was satisfied that the statement was correct and that amount of money due Kager, then why examine it again? Surely his attention must have been called to it in the way I have spoken of, if not then, how? Surely at some time matters of this kind must be finally disposed of, and if not so disposed of at the time they are examined and balances paid, then when? And if they are so disposed of at that time, then why examine them again? Mr. Troup, so far, has neglected to state.

Again, Mr. Troup, by his own admission, virtually says, that that statement of Kager's having been duly examined by the clerk (himself) under the order of the board of county commissioners, pronounced correct and balance shown to be due to Kager, being $522.17, paid, was filed away among the completed records of his office, and, in the regular course of business, would never be looked into again, and the snug little sum of $2,561.30 would have been wholly lost the 13 school districts to which it belonged.

Mr. Troup, I understand, complains that I collected the money and charged 5 percent for so doing. Mr. Troup is right. I collected the money with 152 month's interest and charged the 5 percent, which the statue says I shall have for such services, and I am convinced of two facts in regard thereto.

First, that the school districts had better pay me 5 percent than to lose the whole amount, especially as my commission amounted to only about one half of the interest collected.

Second, that I would never have had the opportunity of charging 5 percent, or any other percent, on $522.17 of that amount, if Mr. Troup had not, on the 7th of December last ordered Bryan to pay it to Kager.

Now, Mr. Editor, I have carefully refrained from calling hard names in making this statement. I have not undertaken to say that Mr. Troup is either "dishonest, inefficient, or unfaithful." I have simply stated the facts and will let the public draw their own conclusions.

If it had not been for serious sickness in my family, I would have met Mr. Troup, face to face, before the people and would not have asked the privilege of communicating with the public through the medium of your paper.

JAMES McDERMOTT, Co. Attorney.

I have read the above statement and so far as it refers to me or the records of my office, it is true. T. R. BRYAN, Co. Treasurer.




The republicans of Richland township met in convention Oct. 27th, with D. C. Stevens, chairman, and S. W. Phoenix, secretary, when the following nominations were made.

Trustee, M. C. Headrick.

Treasurer, T. R. Carson.

Clerk, James Groom.

Constables, J. Holaway, T. D. Givler.

Road supervisors: District 1, F. Dickens; District 2, C. Stevens; District 3, J. H. Edwards; District 4, David Roberts.

The following named gentlemen were elected as township republican committee: D. C. Stevens, E. B. Stone, and J. R. Thompson.

The meeting was addressed by several citizens of the township and gentlemen from Winfield.

Mr. Allen, of the democratic county central committee, said that his party had refused to support Mr. Troup for county clerk, and that if his name appeared upon their ticket, it would be as an Independent candidate for the office. They did not want any regular republican in theirs.

Voted that the proceedings of this meeting be published in the Winfield COURIER.


D. C. STEVENS, Chairman.

S. W. PHOENIX, Secretary.



The republicans of Omnia township, at their primary meeting last Saturday, nominated the following as their ticket at the approaching election.

W. H. Gillard, trustee.

Peter S. Loy, justice of the peace.

Eleazer Henthorn and A. B. Snow, constables.

Mr. Messenger, treasurer.

We failed to get the name of township clerk.

They had a large and enthusiastic meeting, and will elect the ticket nominated. Mr. Enos Henthorn, one of the best citizens of the township, was chairman of the meeting.




On account of wet weather, the horse fair at Topeka last week was a failure.

The Tefft House, Topeka, was sold recently to the Fire Association Insurance Company for $17,000.

The Independence Courier puts the entire indebtedness of Montgomery county and its citizens at $2,195,000.

Wild geese are so plentiful in Reno county that they would entirely destroy the crops of growing wheat if not wached and driven away.

Mr. Edward Copeland, residing in Richland township, near the southwest corner of the county, was in town Monday, and from him we gather some information about sheep raising. Mr. Copeland has five hundred and sixty head of Merino, all in good condition. It is his intention to increase his herd to a thousand before disposing of any. He bought several very fine Merino bucks of

A. J. Uhl, near Douglass, and expects to improve his stock.

Eldorado Times.




DIED. A child of Mr. N. Davis died Tuesday night.

Caywood says the rock trade is very heavy.

A large addition to the Tunnel Mills is in process of erection.

Col. Quarles lately fell from his buggy and was seriously injured.

Rev. J. L. Rusbridge read "Enoch Arden" at Oxford last night.

Rev. Rusbridge has an adult Bible class in the M. E. Sabbath school.



McIntruff has a fine photo of the Presbyterian church. Call and see it.

John R. Smith and B. Shriver have 700 head of cattle in Sheridan township.

C. C. Black has returned from Leavenworth in fine clothes and looking well.


Winfield Courier, November 1, 1877.

Read and Robinson have laid out a new addition to Winfield on the southwest.

Winfield Courier, November 1, 1877.

Some of the street crossings in the city ought to have more gravel immediately.

Harvey Dwyer has returned from Colorado and relocated in Beaver township.


See the change in the card of J. C. Binner's, the Railroad saloon, on the first page.

Saloon Cards.


at the


Keepts the Best and Purest Liquors.

(Corner 8th Avenue and Main Street)

Winfield, Kansas.


S. H. Mytton has a very large demand for stoves. He has some beautiful patterns for heaters.


The farm advertised for sale by Mr. C. C. Pierce is not his home place. That is not on the market.


Last Sunday the Presbyterian Sunday School decided not to elect officers until next Friday evening.


Who will attend to repairing the sidewalk between the residences of Will Allison and Mrs. Bruner?


Col. Manning has sold a full block in the west part of the city to A. H. Doane, son of Mrs. Mullin.


The barber shop of Nichols & Wilson has been thoroughly renovated and looks as neat and clean as can be.


We understand that Mr. F. M. Freeland will be a candidate for constable. No better selection can be made.


Our foreman, M. T. C. Copeland, is not excelled as a job printer. He can and will satisfy the most fastidious.



SIMPSON & STEWART have finished the abutments of the south bridge and have moved their derrick to the west bridge.

Geo. W. Martin, our popular boot and shoe maker, has removed his shop to the room two doors south of Read's bank.


H. Jochems has some beautiful patterns of parlor heaters. If he cannot suit you both in style and prices, you are hard to please.

Winfield Courier, November 1, 1887.

We took dinner with Mr. Carver, of Omnia, last Saturday. He has a fine farm, a substantial stone residence, and a very pleasant family.


The contract is let to grade the approaches to the south bridge, to be completed by the 15th inst. The superstructures will be raised immediately.


DIED. Huston, a young child of Robert E. Wallis, died last week. The parents have the warm sympathies of this community in their bereavement.


Mr. J. K. Beckner, who has for some time been waiting upon the customers of F. Gallotti's boot and shoe, returned to his old home in Missouri.


RETURNED. Col. J. C. McMullen returned from Wisconsin last week, after a visit of several weeks. Cowley county is good enough for him.


DIED. At the residence of his brother-in-law, S. H. Sharp, in Pleasant Valley township, Cowley county, Kansas, John Keer, aged 51 years. [PAPER HAD JOHN KEER...COULD THIS BE JOHN KERR?]


G. H. BUCKMAN is talked of as a candidate for the office of justice of the peace for this township. In our opinion, no better nomination could be made.


Mr. C. Farringer, a teacher of music and tuner and repairer of pianos and organs, late from Missouri, has been in town sometime and is getting up a class in music.



Drs. Davis and Mendenhall have formed a partnership for the practice of medicine. Both of them stand at the head of their profession. See their card on the first page.

CARD: W. R. Davis, M. D. W. S. Mendenhall, M. D.


Having associated themselves together in the practice of medicine, offer their services to the citizens of Winfield and adjacent country. Particular attention given to surgery and diseases of women and children.

Office upstairs, Corner of Main and 9th Avenue. (Manning's Brick.)

Prompt attention to all calls, day or night.

Oct. 27th, 1877.


Mr. S. D. Groom, of Richland, is one of the solid men of this county. He is a staunch republican, a public spirited citizen and takes no stock in shams of any kind.


The new firm of Bliss & Co. consists of C. A. Bliss, E. S. Bliss, and E. H. Bliss. It is in the merchandise business only. C. A. Bliss alone is the proprietor of the flouring mill.


Dissolution Notice.

WINFIELD, KANSAS, Oct. 19, 1877.

The firm of Bliss, Earnest & Co. has, this day, dissolved partnership. All debts due the firm to be paid to C. A. Bliss, and all debts of the firm to be paid by C. A. Bliss.




The Vinita Herald says: "An alligator or some other monster is causing great uneasiness among the Osages on the Arkansas. They keep fires blazing all night, and refuse to sleep near the water."


Mr. Fuller, engineer of the K. C., E. & S. W. railway, was in Winfield last Friday. He reports work progressing on the road, and says the company is desirous of reaching Cowley county as soon as possible.


Hotel arrivals (transient) in this city, for the week ending Wednesday evening, October 31st, 1877, number as follows: Central, 56; Anderson House, 48; Williams House, 49.


One of the largest cabbage heads we have seen for many a day was left in our office by David Bright. It was grown on the sandy land of the Arkansas river, and weighed twenty-one pounds.



We got hold of the wrong Berkey last week as the democratic candidate for Register of Deeds. A. W. Berkey is a clerk for the bank of J. C. McMullen, of Arkansas City, not a merchant at Salt City. He will go up Salt river all the same.





It will pay our businessmen to volunteer funds to pay for labor to repair the road from the north bridge across the Walnut west to the rise of the bluff, and to grade the approaches to the Timber creek bridge. The work should be done at once. Who will attend to it?


MR. DAVID CRAIG, while engaged on a contract for excavating earth at the Tunnel Mills, was on Monday seriously if not fatally injured by the falling of a high bank of earth and rock upon him, literally crushing him. Mr. Craig is a young man of industrious habits.


A line from W. W. Walton informing Mr. Lemmon that Wirt's sister, Miss Lillie, was hopelessly ill at Oxford, and that Wirt was on the way to see her, caused Mr. Lemmon to start suddenly for Topeka yesterday. Later we learn that Miss Walton is better and Wirt has returned.


Frank Gallotti has caused another row of shelving to be put in his store, upon which he has put another addition to his large stock of boots and shoes. He has employed the services of Mr. Perry Hill, a first class boot and shoe maker, for the purpose of mending and also manufacturing boots and shoes.


Notice the new advertisement of Harter Bro.'s & Co. This firm is too well and favorably known to need any words of commendation. They are reliable gentlemen, and always mean just what they say. Read their ad and act accordingly. If Virgil Harter cannot suit you with goods and prices, thee is no use of trying.


For the next 60 days we will offer

GREAT BARGAINS in the prices of




If you want

More Goods for Your Money

than be bought at any other store in


Go to Harter Bros. & Co.,

At the McMillen Stand.


Today we display a new advertisement of G. Y. Smith, of Wichita. Besides the attractions of cheap, first-class goods, and plenty of them, the citizens of Cowley county visiting Wichiga will find there their old acquaintance and friend.

W. D. Roberts, of Winfield, who is a salesman in that house. Call and see him, sure. Hon. J. C. Redfield, the late popular receiver at the land office, is the manager.





At a meeting held in the lecture room of the M. E. Church last Monday evening, an association called the "Winfield Musical Union" was organized, for the purpose of mutual improvement and enjoyment in music. It was decided to meet on Monday evening of each week, and to assess to each male member a monthly fee of 25 cents to defray the necessary expenses. Let everybody come out to the M. E. church next Monday evening, and let us have a good time.


Dexter, Kansas, Oct. 20, 1877.

EDITORS COURIER: On Thursday, the 25th inst., about noon, my son, Richard, wandered from home and got lost. The good people of Dexter and neighborhoos began the search about dark and continued it all night and all next day until dark, when he was found by Esq. Osborne, near the head of Beaver creek, some eight or nine miles southeast of town, while on his way home from Dexter. For all this interest and sympathy shown me and my family, I feel myself truly grateful, and will ever hold the people of this vicinity in remembrance for their kindness.



List of letters remaining unclaimed in the Post Office at Winfield, Cowley county, Kansas, on the 31st day of Oct., 1877.


Anderson, T. C.; Adams, Charlie; Anderson, Mollie; Allen, Elizabeth E.; Anderson, J. H.; Anderson, A. A.; Barnes, W.;

Bard, W. C.; Busten, James; Beck, Geo. A.; Beardsley, Mr.;

Brookwalter, E.; Bush, Henry S.; Burr, J. L.; Cane, Elizabeth;

Clemons, Mary; Clark, Miss Florence; Cox, Geo.; Collins, F. E.;

Coward, Wm.; Cook, Geo. L.; Craig, David; Crockett, John O.;

Cade, Benjamin; Davis, Gerty; DeWitt, James L.;

Downs, Rev. T. C.; Easts, W.; Ellexson, Lewis; Eads, Geo. W.;

Eckles, Ada; Evans, R. P.; Forbes, Henry; Frisbee, Geo. M.;

Hasley, John T.; Harger, C. F.; Hatcher, Hiram; Hanson, John C.;

Harlow, Wm. E.; Henderson, A. J.; Herniman [no first name given];

Herndon, John F.


Hoddy, W. S.; Haston, Wm.; Jones, Laura; Jenkins, Alice; Johnson, Sue; Johnston, J. L.; Jones, Alice; Jones, Will;

Koonize, Frank; Kehoop, Geo.; Laughbaum, Joseph; Leach, B. F.; Lewis, Wm.; Loomis, Mr.; Land, J.; Mayse, Clark;

Miller, Mrs. C. B.; McDowell, A. J.; McKibben, Joseph;

McClanahan, C. H.; Mullen, Samuel; Nevins, S. P.;

Norman, Geo. H.; Owings, James; Page, Cole; Phillips, I. N.;

Ratliff, Wm.; Ramsey, Robert; Ross, Miss M. J.; Reynolds, P.;

Robinson, H. M.; Skeer, James; Sacket, J. H.; Sandford, Annie;

Stoutt, Lizzie L.; Stewart, Joel; Swasy, G. W.; Thomas, Jacob;

Van Laningham, C.; Young, Laura; Wilson, Rebecca.

Persons calling for any of the above will please say "advertised."






Somewhere between Harter & Hill's Livery Stable, in Winfield, and the Thomasville schoolhouse on Friday evening of last week, a pocket-book, containing something like $15.00 in money, 1,000 mile ticket, issued by the A., T. & S. F. R. R., a Stage ticket and pass, Discharge from the U. S. army, and other papers issued to W. M. Allison--of no value whatever to anyone but the owner. The finder can keep the money if he will return the book and papers. Drop them in the post offfice, addressed to W. M. Allison, Winfield, or leave at the Telegram office.


Sunday School.

The Methodist Sunday School will give the first of a series of monthly concerts Sunday evening next, November 4th. The exercises to consist of select reading by Misses Ella Wickersham and Ina Daniels, recitations by Misses Lizzie Kinne and Eugenie Holmes, declamations by some of the little folks, and music by the school. All are most cordially invited.





Fresh Lime.

I have for sale at the old Amos Smith lime kiln, about six miles south of town, a kiln of lime just burned.




Wood, Corn, Potatoes, and Butter to trade for Boots and Shoes at Frank Gallotti's.





Teachers' Directory.

Geo. W. Robinson, Dist. No. 1, Winfield.

Miss Emma Saint, Dist. No. 1, Winfield.

Miss Ella Wickersham, Dist. No. 1, Winfield.

Miss Mary Bryant, Dist. No. 1, Winfield.

Miss Mina C. Johnson, Dist. No. 1, Winfield.

E. B. Thompson, Dist. No. 2, Ark. City.

Miss M. L. Els, Dist. No. 2, Ark. City.

Mrs. T. M. Theaker, Dist. No. 2, Ark. City.

J. F. Hess, Dist. No. 42, Ark. City.

C. Swarts, Dist. No. 10, Ark. City.

Mrs. R. Stauffer, Dist. No. 53, Ark. City.

C. C. Holland, Dist. No. 89, Ark. City.

Miss Lizzie Landis, Dist. No. 80, Ark. City.

J. O. Wilkinson, Dist. No. 62, Ark. City.

M. T. Albert, Dist. No. 15, Lazette.

[?] L. Tucker, Dist. No. 14, Lazette.

J. K. P. Tull, Dist. No. 84, Lazette.

M. Hemenway, Dist. No. 78, Lazette.

Miss Kate Fitzgerald, Dist. No. 30, Lazette.

R. B. Carson, Dist. No. 26, Little Dutch.

J. Rupp, Dist. No. 48, Winfield.

Miss S. E. Davis, Dist. No. 49, Winfield.

Miss Ida Brown, Dist. No. 52, N. Salem.

H. R. Attwater, Dist. No. 84, Cedarvale.

Miss N. P. Seacord, Dist. No. 66, Cedarvale.

Miss Celia Laflin, Dist. No. 107, Dexter.

T. H. Aley, Dist No. 5, Dexter.

T. J. Rude, Dist. No. 7, Dexter.

Eugene Millard, Dist. No. 46, Tisdale.

O. S. Record, Dist. No. 86, Maple City.

Miss S. Hollingsworth, Dist. No. 74, Polo.

Porter Wilson, Dist. No. 114, Red Bud.

H. S. Rush, Dist. No. 72, Red Bud.

C. Eagin, Dist. No. 29, Rock.

Miss Lena Bartlettt, Dist. No. 37, Winfield.

Miss Ella Davis, Dist. No. 97, Winfield.

Miss Ella C. Scott, Dist. No. 39, Winfield.

Miss Fannie Ponttious, Dist. No. 55, Winfield.

Frank Starwalt, Dist. No. 48, Winfield.

Miss Mary Pontious, Dist. No. 20, Winfield.

Miss Emma Burden, Dist. No. 94, Lazette.



[Beginning with Thursday, November 8, 1877.]






[From the K. C. Journal of Commerce.]



Interesting Reminiscences of the County Seat of Cowley County.


How they Surveyed Its Streets by the North Star and Located

An "Organ" by a Resin Weed.


Winfield's Proud Position as Queen of the Walnut Valley.


From our own Correspondent.

WINFIELD, KAN., Oct. 22. Seven years ago next December, a party of emigrants camped on the banks of the Walnut river, about twenty miles above its confluence with the Arkansas, in a beautiful bend of the stream where a prairie about two miles in extent lay environed by gently receding hills and a dense growth of forest bordering the river with a


stretching far way beyond, and pleasant breadths of sunshine. It was not only a place to camp, protected from the breath of the winter winds and convenient to wood and water, but it was worthy of a habitation for more than a day, and the emigrants took this view of it as they discussed their supper around the log fire.

By dark it was decided to locate a town, and half an hour later the party was out laying off the streets, with the north star for a compass and a lariat rope for a surveyor's chain. There was a preacher, a teacher, and a newspaper man--the invincible Trinity of Kansas--and they talked of their purposes and hopes as they drove the stakes and gave names to the streets. Here was to be reserved a lot for a church, there another for the public school, while on the principle thoroughfare was to be the newspaper office, and to designate the spot, the editor tied the dish rag on a resin weed. Late at night they returned to camp and "turned in" to dream of the metropolis of the Walnut Valley.


Today it has a population of fifteen hundred, and is much the best town of its size in the State. It has two banking houses with a capital and accumulated profits of $200,000, two excellent flouring mills that run day and night the year round, a score of stores that would do credit both in stocks and business to Topeka, and two newspapers that are doing more to settle up the county and increase its material wealth than all the other influences combined.

It is a young Brooklyn for churches, and boasts the phenomenon of a minister who exacts every dollar of his salary from his parishioners, and then faithfully covers it all back into the church treasury. The Methodist church suffered the loss of its spire during the gale a week ago, a damage that will require one or two thousand dollars to repair. The ungodly of the town consider this a judgment upon the sinful pride of the society for getting their weather vane several fathoms


than any other. The humility of these sinners is commendable.

This is one of the few towns in Kansas that manage to keep its streets cumbered with building material the year round. Since I was here in the summer, two dozen houses have been built, and fifty are now under way. The principle ones of the former are Lynn & Gillelen's two story cut stone, 25 x 100 feet, and a brick hotel at the south end of town. Among the latter, as conspicuous and handsome as any will be, the elegant seven thousand dollar residence of Mr. J. C. Fuller, President of the Winfield Bank. Mr. Fuller has been here since 1870, established the first bank in the county, and has large and valuable tracts of real estate adjoining the town. He has recently laid off a part of his land in an addition, and is selling some very desirable residence plats. The other bank is that of M. L. Read, of which M. L. Robinson is cashier and W. C. Robinson assistant. This bank has been established five years, and occupies the first brick building in Cowley County.

Both banks are doing a good business and have the entire confidence of the community. They are supplied with the celebrated "Yale Time" locks. The principal mill is that of

C. A. Bliss & Co., who also have one of the most extensive stores in town. Mr. Bliss is a Kansan of twenty-one years' residence and knows how it is himself. He is


I noticed thirty teams loaded with flour for the Cheyenne agency, Indian Territory, at one of the mills.

There are half a dozen hotels in town representing all degrees of excellence, from the Central Hotel, creme de la creme, down to a twenty-five cent hash foundry. Sid Major and Jim Vance are too well known as successful landlords to lose a wink of sleep over any threatened competition in this town.

The principal hardware dealer is S. H. Myton, who occupies a large two-story brick block, and keeps an extensive stock of shelf and general hardware.

An exclusive boot and shoe house is that of W. C. Root & Co. The leading clothiers are Boyer & Wallis, who can stop at any hotel in Saratoga. The most prominent real estate dealers are

J. C. Fuller, E. C. Manning, and A. H. Green, and from a score of lawyers I select as the probable leaders of the profession here

Hon. W. P. Hackney, Hon. L. J. Webb, the present representative from this district, Messrs. McDonald, Jennings & Buckman, and

E. S. Torrance. Mr. Henry E. Asp is a young limb of the law, just admitted to practice in the district court, and gives promise of a successful career.

The Courier changed hands some time since, Hon. A. B. Lemmon, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, succeeding Mr. Manning, the present style of the firm being Millington & Lemmon.


This county has voted the desired aid to the Kansas City, Emporia & Southern railway, now being built between Emporia and Eureka; Winfield and Arkansas City being designation points. This secures to these towns the best lines of railroad for its length in Kansas, and happily terminates one of the most unfortunate struggles that ever disturbed the welfare of two worthy towns.

It is not improbable that the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe road will be extended down the valley from Eldorado, to divide the business with the narrow gauge road, and thereby give this section competing lines within a year.

In view of these advantages, this county is receiving a large accession to its population this fall, and before another twelve months all the government land will probably be taken up.






Nez Perces.

A law of the Nez Perces is that a widower shall not marry within a year after the death of his wife. But polygamy is allowed, and when a man thinks his sick wife is about to die, he marries another woman, and so escapes the weary year of waiting.


Senator Plumb has introduced a bill providing that any army officer guilty of gambling shall be dismissed from the service.

Correct Senator. It is time this terrible evil in the army should be terminated.


None of the banks of the city of Pittsburgh will touch its city warrants. There is no money in the treasury, and the city is swamped with indebtedness. When it foots the bills for the losses in the strike, there will be nothing left among the people but poverty and curses.





The national debt has decreased $45,000,000 since the first of March.


Chautauqua county has a murder each week. Last week George Mefford killed a man by the name of Goodin at Peru.



Prof. Kellogg, of Emporia, was in our city last Wednesday, negotiating for the purchase of Dr. Hall's drug store for a brother in Arkansas City. Junction City Union.


Two robbers between Deadwood and Cheyenne recently in one day robbed a stage and seven passengers, a freight train, and six other men at different places, but were chased down and captured.


For U. S. circuit court convening at Topeka Nov. 26th the following named persons were drawn as jurors [LISTING ONLY TWO]:

Tell W. Walton, D. A. Millington.



The result of the late election so far as the offices of sheriff and county clerk are concerned is a republican defeat. The causes of this are quite apparent. In the first place the successful candidates, M. G. Troup and Charley Harter, are well known all over the county and their well known affability and obliging dispositions have made them extremely popular everywhere. In the next place Capt. Hunt and Mr. Lippmann were not so widely known, but that electioneering lies told against them had considerable effect.

The result does not show that they were not the choice of a majority of the republicans in the county, but it does show that they were not the choice of a minority of about one-fourth of the Republican voters, and that this minority voted with the democrats for Troup and Harter. Now that the election is over and the smoke of the contest is clearing away, we can look back on our course and the words we have published and say truly that we have done what we could honorably for the success of the whole republican ticket and have said nothing that we need to take back or apolotize for. We can stand by what we have said.






Topeka is to have a military company.

At the annual meeting of the Grand Lodge of I. O. O. F., which met in Topeka on the 8th inst., Secretary Burdette made his report from which we glean the following: There has been $7,221.50 paid for relief during the year in this State. Fourteen deaths are reported among members of the Funeral Aid Association, and their familes have received in the aggregate $21,000. The burden imposed upon the members by this loss was $9.90 per $1,000, or less than one per cent. The lodge is in a flourishing condition, though it has deteriorated slightly during the year. It has a membership in the State of 5,000.





Arkansas apples sell in Winfield at one dollar and fifty cents per bushel.

James Renfro has sold his farm to T. E. Gilleland and moved to Missouri.

A building association is about to erect a half dozen new houses in Arkansas City.

DIED. The young child of Hon. Jas. McDermott died on Tuesday last. Its parents have our sympathies.

Dr. Emerson, late of New York, is about to locate in this city and practice in his profession as a physician.

J. H. LAND is in the sorghum business heavily. He will soon be so sweet his friends won't know him.

DIED. David Craig, the young who was crushed by the falling of the bank at the Tunnel Mills, died last Sunday. [This indicates he died November 4, 1877.]

Walter Denning met with a serious loss last week in the burning of his granary containing 300 bushels of wheat.

Some person nightly abstracts wood from the residents east of Main street, several of whom are losers. Who is the winner?

A. B. Lemmon and W. W. Walton came from Topeka to Winfield, voted, and returned, being absent from Topeka only 45 hours.

W. M. Copeland and R. Stinson, of Augusta, brother and brother-in-law of our foreman, visited Winfield one day of last week.

It is said that railroad ties and other material are being accumulated in large quantities at Eldorado. What does that mean?

The trustees of the Presbyterian church are in the street repairing business. They are graveling up 10th street and the approaches to their church.

New building projects and improvements are becoming so numerous that we cannot keep track of them. Every builder and mechanic is crowded with work.

Mr. Road Overseer: Please to grade the road across the bottom west of town now while you can. Why don't somebody see that this road is repaired at once.

Hotel arrivals (transient) in this city, for the week ending Wednesday evening, October 31st, 1877, number as follows: Central, 72; Anderson House, 50; Williams House, 59.

W. D. Roberts returned from Wichita in time to vote. He concluded he could do better here. It is unpleasant for a married man to live so far from home, and for a Winfield man to live anywhere else.

"Uniformity in text books," is well handled by Mr. Story in another column. We think we need such legislation as will unquestionably authorize the district to purchase and own all the text books that are used in the schools.




Some of the attendants at the Methodist church last Sunday evening walked so loud that they jarred the church. There is no need of thumping along like striking with sledge hammers if you do wear boots weighing five pounds apiece.

BIRTH. John D. Pryor came into our office yesterday as though he had just received the papers conveying to him the entire fortune of W. H. Vanderbilt. We asked him about a certain paper and he answered, "It is down home." It is a girl.

Prof. C. Farringer, piano and organ tuner and teacher of vocal and instrumental music, is meeting with much success in his line of business in this city and in Oxford. He has quite a number of scholars in each place both in vocal and instrumental music.

DIED. Died suddenly in Maple township, Oct. 11, 1877, Henry Locker, son of Gustavus and Caroline Locker, aged three years and 8 months. Henry was a very bright child, and while in apparent good health was stricken by death. Supposed cause: suffocation by worms. The parents have the sympathy of all who know them.

The Presbyterian Sunday school is fully organized. Last Friday evening officers were elected as follows: Rev. J. E. Platter, superintendent; Henry E. Asp, assistant; G. S. Manser, secretary; T. B. Myers, librarian; Miss Mary Bryant, treasurer; J. D. Pryor, chorister; Mary Bryant, organist; Mrs. Earnest, assistant. The school meets regularly every Sabbath at 3 o'clock p.m.

Teachers should promptly furnish the county superintendent with their names, post office, number of the district in which they teach, etc. Those who had attended to this before November first will find the information thus given in this paper. Some teachers have complained that we slighted them by leaving their names out of the list. They are mistaken; they slighted themselves.

ROLL OF HONOR. M. H. Mounts, of Flora; N. J. Larkin, of N. Richland; A. P. Brooks, of Silver Creek; J. M. Barrick, of Rock; Richard Courtwright, of S. Otter; E. Henthorn, of Omnia; H. C. McDorman, of Dexter; and J. E. Allen, of Winfield, furnished us with the returns of the election, at their several polls in time for this issue of the COURIER. They have our thanks.

We copy from the Journal of Commerce today a letter from its correspondent, A. R. Green, a very forcible and spicy writer who lately visited this place. He has done justice to the improvements and businessmen he has mentioned, but could not be expected to learn about all the men and business in so short a visit. Thanks, Mr. Green, come again, and the "Queen of the Walnut Valley" will give you a grand reception.


Winfield Courier, November 8, 1877.

We have been unable to obtain before going to press the full returns of the election in this county last Tuesday, but we can give the result with sufficient certainty. Troup, Independent, is elected county clerk by about 150 majority; Harter, democract, is elected sheriff by over 100 majority; the republican candidates, Kinne for register of deeds, Haight for surveyor, Graham for coroner, and Gale, Sleeth, and Burden for commissions are elected by large majorities, and Bryan, republican, is elected treasurer without opposition.

Thos. G. Bronson, late of Independence, is about to locate in the building now occupied by Brotherton & Silver. He will open a stock of groceries and queensware, and is a first-class businessman in every respect. It is such men as he who are making Winfield the "Queen City," and it is indeed a compliment to our city that he should select it as his future home.


Teachers' Examinations.

Public examinations of applicants for teachers' certificates will be held during the coming year at the following times and places.

February 21 and 23, at Arkansas City, Dexter, and Winfield.

April 5th and 6th, and October 25th and 26th, at Winfield.

At the cose of the county institute for 1878, at Winfield.

A State examination will probably be held during the spring or summer at Winfield.

Certificates of grades one and two will be issued upon examination in orthography, reading, writing, English grammar, geography, arithmetic, United States history, and constitution.

Grade "A" certificates require an examination upon the following additional branches: book-keeping, industrial drawing, the elements of entomology, the elements of botany, and the elements of geology.

Second grade certificates will be issued to candidates whose standing in no branch falls below 70 and whose average is 75 percent; first grade certificates will be issued to candidates whose standing in no branch falls below 85 and whose average is 90 percent; grade "A" certificates will be issued to candidates who have a standing in every branch of not less than 90 percent.

Certificates can be neither extended nor dated back.

Private examinations are contrary to law and cannot be given.

Only those teachers who hold certificates can legally teach, and with those only should school boards contract.


GEO. W. ROBINSON, Board of Examiners.










Shall School Districts Own Text Books.


In the annual reports of school districts the questions "does the district own a part or all of the text books used in school, and from your experience are you in favor of the district owning the text books," are asked the clerks of the school districts of the State. In the last annual report of the State Superintendent, the following lines on this subject may be found.

"Forty-nine superintendents sent replies on this topic; of those seventy-eight percent recommended that the district purchase and own the text books on the ground of economy to the parent and efficiency in the school. They believe this the best method of settling the vexed question of text-book uniformity, and of avoiding the expense of frequent changes of text-books. Twenty percent oppose the plan, and two percent consider the plan, though desirable, not feasible. Of the districts actually owning their text-books, sixty-seven percent do not consider the plan an entire success."

The State Superintendent strongly favors the plan.

The clerk of district 46, Mr. A. T. Gay, in his last annual report, gives the following testimony on this subject.

"For the last four years we have furnished text-books for our school at a cost of $119.20, and average of $29.55 a year. Those who have taught our school say they would rather teach per month for five dollars less where the books are furnished by the district than otherwise. For the last four years we had seven months school per year. This would give us a saving of $5.45 a year over cost of books. I think this is the correct way to run our district schools."

As district 46 (Tisdale), has an enrollment of 60 pupils, the yearly cost of text books is only 493 cents per pupil.



Citizens of Cowley county! You can remove some of the most grievous evils that afflict our public schools by making the school books the property of the district using them. This great reformation can be effected at an actual gain in dollars and cents. By this you can secure uniformity in books, economy in expense, and completeness in classification of pupils, ends most desirable in every school in our country.




Total Cast for Troup and Hunt:

1,122 for Troup; 970 for Hunt.

Majority [Troup over Hunt]: 143.

Creswell: 118 Hunt, 82 Troup.

Bolton East: 8 Hunt, 31 Troup.

Bolton West: 19 Hunt, 7 Troup.

Winfield: 206 Hunt, 286 Troup.


Total Cast for Harter and Lippmann:

1,103 for Harter; 1,020 for Lippmann.

Majority [Harter over Lippmann]: 88.

Creswell: 23 Harter, 20 Lippmann.

Bolton East: 23 Harter, 16 Lippmann.

Bolton West: 5 Harter, 23 Lippmann.

Winfield: 333 Harter, 168 Lippmann.


It appears that voters did not pay any attention to the pleas of Millington and Lemmon; or else, they were showing their contempt for previous tactics taken by Col. Manning and voicing their disapproval of the Winfield "Clique."






C. G. Holland, Trustee; Warren Wood, Treasurer; W. A. Freeman, Clerk; C. G. Bradbury, Justice; Theo. Wright, Constable.



James Sample, Trustee; A. J. Kimmell, Treasurer; A. H. Buckwalter, Clerk; F. C. Davis, Justice; J. S. Lewis, J. W. Brown, Constables.



J. W. Searle, Trustee; D. M. Patten, Treasurer; John Belles, Clerk; No Justice; E. Osborn, W. Morgan, Constables.



M. R. Leonard, Trustee; M. Finley, Treasurer; W. D. Mowry, Clerk; J. Christian, I. H. Bonsall, Justices; Geo. McIntire, Jas. Morgan, Constables.



J. V. Hines, Trustee; O. P. Darst, Treasurer; J. B. Bryan, Clerk; M. Hoyt, Justice; G. W. Jones, C. M. Gates, Constables.



E. J. Horsman, Trustee; L. Smith, Treasurer; G. Savage, Clerk; R. S. Strother, Justice; A. Smith, L. L. Newton, Constable.



L. Weimer, Trustee; E. Newlin, Treasurer; J. Reynolds, Clerk; Geo. Moore, J. J. Hawkins, Justices; J. Campbell, Constable.



Thos. Cooley, Trustee; Newton Wilson, Treasurer; S. Martin, Clerk; W. B. Norman, Justice; David Walck, Constable.



L. Stout, Trustee; D. A. Byers, Treasurer; Charles James, Clerk; No Justice; A. B. Odell, Constable.



W. H. Gillard, Trustee; R. W. Pester, Treasurer; G. B. Darlington, Clerk; W. Savage,

F. A. Henthorn, Justices; A. J. Henthorn, A. B. Snow, Constables.



A. B. Shaver, Trustee; C. R. Myles, Treasurer; E. J. Edwards, Clerk; J. J. Smith,

J. McDonough, Justices; F. M. Ross, T. Thompson, Constables.


Pleasant Valley--

West Holland, Trustee; S. H. Tolles, Treasurer; C. J. Brane, Clerk; B. W. Sitter, E. H. Chapin, Justices; J. L. Hon, Constable.



M. C. Headrick, Trustee; T. R. Carson, Treasurer; J. P. Groom, Clerk; No Justice; T. D. Givier, J. Holoway, Constables.



W. B. Weimer, Trustee; J. M. Harcourt, Treasurer; G. H. Williams, Clerk; H. Fisk, R. Boothe, Justices; No Constable.



Joseph Burt, Trustee; Joseph McKay, Treasurer; R. R. Longshore, Clerk; W. Morrow, J. R. Smith, Justices; R. Moore, W. Smith, Constables.


Silver Creek--

J. A. Barr, Trustee; J. A. Goforth, Treasurer; No Clerk; H. Smith, J. Clover, Justices; J. Gatton, ____ Chandler, Constables.



D. Grant, Trustee; W. T. Estus, Treasurer; S. Cattrell, Clerk; D. Francisco, W. Butterfield, Justices; A. W. Butterfield, W. S. Gilman, Constables.


Spring Creek--

J. H. Gilleland, Trustee; Henry Sutliff, Treasurer; W. W. Thomas, Clerk; J. H. Callison, W. E. Ketcham, Justices; R. E. Howe, W. Thayer, Constables.



J. H. Hall, Trustee; O. P. West, Treasurer; A. J. Gay, Clerk; R. S. Morse, H. L. Thomas, Justices; No Constable.



E. D. Skinner, Trustee; D. M. Hopkins, Treasurer; F. H. Werden, Clerk; J. W. Millspaugh, P. M. Waite, Justices; R. McClung, Constable.



H. D. Wilkins, Trustee; J. H. Sweet, Treasurer; M. Hemingway, Clerk; T. Tyler, A. J. Pickering, Justices; D. A. Dale, C. W. Kelly, Constables.



C. C. Pierce, Trustee; B. F. Baldwin, Treasurer; E. S. Bedilion, Clerk; W. M. Boyer,

G. H. Buckman, Justices; J. H. Finch, Burt Covert, Constables.




Nov. 13th. Kansas City. No. 2 wheat $1.18; No. 3, $1.07; No. 4, $.93


Latest. The army appropriation bill passed the House on the 12th.


The Ponca Indians had a conference with President Hayes last Friday.


Congress will not probably reduce the regular army below twenty-five thousand.


Robert Addy, a base-ballist of Cincinnati, was dismissed from his club for getting drunk.


Gen. Sherman says that Gen. Howard's wonderful march after the Nez Perces is one of the greatest on record.


The Sitting Bull commission have returned to Fort Benton.


Exchanges in the north and east part of the state tell of having seen snow. We have not seen a flake here yet.


The army appropriation bill still "hangs fire" in the house. Senator Matthews' financial bill provides that legal tender notes redeemed under the resumption act may be paid out of the treasury again in the ordinary course of business so that not exceeding $350,000,000 shall be kept in circulation; that the treasury shall accumulate and keep on hand for redemption $100,000,000 in coin, but in case this reserve shall at any time be reduced to $50,000,000, the coin redemption shall suspend until the coin in the treasury is replenished. In that case legal tenders shall be redeemed in sums of $50 and over in U. S. four percents. It also authorizes the secretary to receive legal tenders in lieu of coin for any bonds he may sell.





A six foot vein of good coal has been discovered in the north part of Montgomery county. It is one hundred and thirteen feet under ground.

The new State armory at Topeka is rapidly approaching completion.

There are thirty-six lodges of colored Masons in Kansas.

Two lodges of the Knights of Honor have been organized at Topeka.





LITTLE DUTCH, Nov. 3, 1877.

EDITOR COURIER: I desire through your column to make a statement personal to myself. Some hard things have been said of me during the campaign to which I would reply that my friends may not be led astray. It has been said in speeches that a certain person (meaning me) was electioneering on the day of the republican convention for a nomination as commissioner because he could be used as Winfield dictated.

A report has been circulated by Mr. Gale's friends that E. C. Manning had stated that I could be thus used. What the effect of these statements was I neither know nor care, but I wish to say that I have never in any official capacity done anything favoring Winfield against the interests of other portions of the county, and those who have circulated such statements have simply given currency to falsehoods.

Mr. McDermott says the commissioners are not thoughtful men to sy the least. He may admit that one of them at least is not so thoughtless, when he learns that he was not the first man to discover an error in the statement submitted by J. D. Pryor. I myself first discovered something wrong in regard to district number 26, in which district I was a taxpayer. I happen to know what I was doing when I signed that card.

Now, Mr. Editor, you would like to make the people of Cowley county believe there was something wrong about the commissioners. You say that but for the efficiency of the County Attorney, the county would have lost so much money, and in another column you attempt to show dishonesty on the part of Mr. Troup and the board of commissioners in the matter of the duplicate tax roll.

It is a little strange that, lawyer as you are, you are not aware that you are getting your efficient County Attorney in a fix, as he is the legal adviser of the board who indorsed the claim "County liable." I believe that better men than Messrs. Sleeth and Burden for com-missioners never were or will be elected to that office in this county, and such stuff as the COURIER contained in relation to them is mere trash fabricated for electioneering purposes.

As for myself, Messrs. Webb and McDermottwith the COURIER man have fixed me out. Now, MR. COURIER, I have always been a republican, am now, and expect to remain so. Mr. McDermott deserves no credit in the Kager matter because I discovered an error first, and I think I should have called Mr. Troup's attention to it just about as repeatedly as I did Mr. McDermott's for six months after the mistake was discovered.

You are right about my signing Mr. Troup's card. I did it because I was his friend and believed I was stating the truth in his behalf--not because I was fighting Capt. Hunt, whom I have always considered a gentleman and my friend.

The future will probably devlelop the motives for using my name in this campaign, while I was not a candidate. Before this reaches you the election will be over, so it cannot be said this is for electioneering purposes. My object is to let my friends have the truth and not be led into error by false statements about the county board.

Yours Respectfully,


[We publish the above because Mr. White feels hurt by some matter which has appeared in the COURIER, and desires to be heard in reply thereto. The strictures we made were in reply to a card which termed our remarks referred to therein "gross misrepresentations," which was signed by Mr. White, knowing that it was to be published for electioneering purposes. If in proving that we did not misrepresent, we had to hit him, he has no reason to complain. We shall stand by our statement of fact. However, he did not accuse the commissioners of any official wrong, and we think with Mr. White that they are as good men for the office as we ever had or may expect to have. We do not think Mr. White's statement of facts warrants his conclusion that Mr. McDermott is not entitled to the credit of discovering the error in the account of district No. 5, and of causing the matter to be pursued until the total sum named was discovered.]--ED.



Bert Crapster is in town again, staying with Charley Black.

The wife of Harry Foults has been seriously ill for several days. We hope she will recover.

Miss Nellie Aldrich has hour thanks for specimens which we have added to our geological collection.

BIRTH. Dr. Mendenhall falls into line and keeps step with the "music of the union." It is a ten pound boy.

They are still counting the votes at Wellington. Somebody stole a part of the ballots and it takes time to get them back.

Miss Kate L. Ward is teaching a six-months school in Cowley county, at a salary of $35 per month. Garnett Plaindealer.

Mr. Ned Fuller, late of Lockport, New York, brother of

J. C. Fuller, has located in Winfield and will keep the books of the Winfield bank.



DIED. Dr. Andrews, of this city, died suddenly last Sunday evening. The funeral took place on Monday afternoon from the M. E. church.

E. C. Manning has sold his home place to Capt. Hunt. He will not build a grand residence across the street north of Capt. Lowry's.

David Stump, who is on his way to Missouri, from Oxford, is stopping in Winfield this week, has taken a "case" and is helping us out at the COURIER.

The heating apparatus at the M. E. church did not work well last Sunday morning. The preacher and audience were smoked out before the sermon commenced.

Quarterly meeting services will be held in the M. E. Church on Saturday and Sunday, Nov. 24th and 25th, 1877. Preaching by the Rev. A. H. Walter, P. E.


Winfield Courier, November 15, 1877.

By Terrill has purchased the fine carriage of M. L. Robinson. He now has one of the finest livery outfits in Southern Kansas. He keeps the very best of teams and good buggies.

Hotel arrivals (transient) in this city, for the week ending Wednesday evening, October 31st, 1877, number as follows: Central, 74; Anderson House, 51; Williams House, 57.

Mr. John S. Williams, from Iowa, made us a call recently. He is about locating near Winfield in this county. He is a substantial man and will be an acquisition to the county.


Notice the new advertisement of T. A. Wilkinson. He will furnish lumber of best quality at lowest prices. His well-known enterprise will secure him a good trade.



Would respectfully announce to the people of Cowley county that he has established a Lumber Yard in WINFIELD, at O. F. Boyle's old stand, on the corner south of the Williams House, and expects to keep constantly on hand all kinds of lumber for building purposes. Also a full stock of





Mr. Wilkinson is agent for the

Celebrated "VICTOR LOCK DESK."

and having had an opportunity, while he was County Superintendent, of examining nearly all the styles of school furniture in use, he can truthfully say that the "Victor Lock Desk" is the best school seat made in the United States. A sample may be seen at his office at any time.

"Fair and Upright Dealing" is his Motto.




Notice the new advertisement of McGuire & Crippen and learn where to get bargains for the next thirty days, especially in the various kinds of seasonable dry goods there mentioned.



Shirting, Sheeting, and Flannels, Dress and Pants Goods, Water-Proof, and all other kinds of


At First Cost. Come and see for yourselves.



We would call attention to the advertisement of The Emporia Normal Institute, in another column. This college is under the best kind of management and is eminently the place for those preparing to teach.



BIRTH. Another lawyer has come to town and yet there is "room in the upper story." This time the newcomer entered the house of W. P. Hackney. He weighs seven pounds. We owe Webb one for selling out the editor on this occasion.


There is a rumor that the A., T. & S. F. R. R. Co. have submitted a proposition to Sumner county to extend their Wichita branch to the state line, and that petitions are in circulation with five hundred names already procured.


GILES BROTHERS, late from Palmyra, Missouri, are opening up a large stock of drugs three doors north of the Williams House. From the quantities of cases on the sidewalk, we look for an exhibition of every kind of goods usually found in their line.


Winfield Courier, November 15, 1877.

Mr. M. L. Robinson sold his house place to Dr. Emerson. He will now improve his reserved block in the southwest part of town. We expect to see a residence there next spring that in magnificence will eclipse everything else in Southern Kansas.

J. N. VANDEMARK and lady, of Sidney, Ohio, have been visiting friends in our county. They report large numbers of people on the western excursions, and say that railroad men do everything possible to keep travelers from coming into Cowley county.


IRA McCOMMON and Jos. Harter have bought out the drug store of A. H. Green and will continue the business under the firm name of McCommon & Harter. Both are industrious, enterprising, and careful young men; with good habits and the good will of the whole community. Of course they will succeed.



On Friday evening of last week a literary society was organized at district No. 21, with W. W. Limbocker as president; J. H. Curfman as vice president; Miss Mattie Baird as secretary; and Miss Belle Curfman assistant secretary. The question for debate on Friday evening of this week is, "Resolved, That ladies should be given the ballot."


The city ordinance published this week repeals the fire ordinance which forbade the building of frame or wood buildings on the eight most central blocks along Main street. We think the city council should now pass an ordinance forbidding the construction of such buildings on the east half of blocks 108 and 109 and on the west half of blocks 128 and 129.


Union Thanksgiving services will be held in the Methodist church on Thursday, Nov. 29th, at 11 a.m. Discourse by J. L. Rusbridge. All are cordially invited to take part in these services and thus acknowledge the blessings that have come to us from our Father.




WHEREAS, Death has called from ourr midst Dr. Joseph Andrews, therefore

Resolved, That the medical fraternity of the city of Winfield, in meeting assembled, hereby tender the bereaved widow and relatives of the deceased our heartfelt sympathy in this their hour of sore distress, and that in their behalf we would invoke Divine assistance and comfort.

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the wife of the deceased and the same be handed our city papers for publication.

W. O. WRIGHT, M. D., Chairman.

C. H. STRONG, M. D., Secretary.

Winfield, Kansas, Nov. 12th, 1877.




R. B. Overman has begun school in our district and has a large attendance.

'Squire John R. Smith is making some substantial improvements on his farm in the shape of a new stone house.

Mr. David Hillicker, from Saginaw, Michitan, has moved into our township, and is stopping with his brother-in-law, W. H. Clay.

Mr. Tubbs, a Minnesota farmer, tried to find a new home in Texas, but disliking the "Lone Star State," he got this far on his homeward trip, and now concludes to try Cowley county.


Our County Superintendent faced the storm of Tuesday last to look after school interests in this part of the county. J.





[Published Nov. 15, 1877.]


An ordinance to repeal an ordinance, entitled "An ordinance to prohibit the construction of buildings of combustible material within certain limits in the city of Winfield," numbered sixty-four and approved June 4th, 1877.

Be it ordained by the Mayor and Councilmen of the City of Winfield:

SECTION 1. That said ordinance numbered sixty-four be, and the same is hereby repealed.

SECTION 2. This ordinance shall be in force and take effect from and after its publication once in the Winfield COURIER and Cowley County Telegram.

Approved November 12th, 1877.

R. L. WALKER, Mayor.

Attest, HENRY E. ASP, City Clerk.








An earthquake shock was felt on the 15th at about noon over a considerable extent of territory in Iowa and adjoining States. It was lightly felt as far southwest as Topeka. At Iowa City and Omaha it is said to have been severe. No considerable damage has been reported.



The following is a telegraphic report of a speech made by Mr. Crittenden in the House on the bill to repeal the resumption act.

Holding up a ten dollar legal tender note, he said he was much mistaken if the bill before the house was not downright repudiation. This note in his hand was a promise of the government to pay him ten dollars, but no time was fixed for the payment. The note was issued in 1875; and on the 14th day of that year Congress enacted a law declaring that this debt should be paid on the first of January, 1879. The government must keep its promise faithfully or it would become the leader of all repudiations in the land, including every defaulting town, city, and State. The question of honor was a vital and central point. In his discussion he criticized the opening speech made by Mr. Phillips, saying the contraction of currency during the resumption act had no more to do with the present suffering of the country, than it had to do with frozen feet of Turks in Shipka Pass. The limitations of paper money should be left to adjust itself under the free banking system, guided by intelligent, aggressive enterprise of the people. There was but one alternative: An exclusive greenback currency, subject at all times to caprice of Congress. The bill was hurtful, discreditable, and without excuse. The country was now shaken by a wild blast of grand currency illusion, which had swept over the plains of the south and the prairies of the west, carrying the house by a storm and threatening to engulf the national integrity. Greenback was the most powerful money the country had ever encountered, slavery alone excepted. It was a fraud; it was a sham. It familiarized individual and public conscience with shame. It had saddled all streams of honest thrift and solid enterprise; had confused and misled public judgment; had stopped the courage and wisdom of the federal treasury, and had given immense comfort to demagogues.


The finance committee held a special meeting, at which many gentlemen from New York and Philadelphia, representing banking and other financial interests, attended by appointment and presented their views against the House bill for the remonetization of silver. Frederick Fraley, of Philadelphia, argued it would be inexpedient now to adopt silver for full legal tender for obligations due by the government and people of the United States. We have large dealings with the outside world, and should we adopt the depreciated standard, our people would have to suffer the results. If paper currency were allowed to circulate, it would be but a few months before it would be at par with gold. The passage of the bill would completely check the negotiations of loans of funds on the six percent bonds. He advised the committee to look at the question as one which connected the United States government with the outer world and not act hostile upon so serious a matter. The New York delegation which included James M. Brown, A. A. Law, Samuel D. Babcock, and other members of the chamber of commerce, argued that should the bill be passed, no one could predict the amount of injury and great loss it would occasion. The bill had two prominent features: one, the remonetization of silver, the other the demonetization of gold. When the bill became a law, if it ever should, gold would go out from the country and silver would come in. If the bill were pressed upon the people it would injure the credit of the government and it would be injurious to all kinds of industry. The difficulties experienced by the laboring classes of the United States were [? ___sed ?] by capitalists withholding their mon- ??? REST OF SENTENCE CHOPPED OFF...THIS WAS AT BOTTOM OF COLUMN AND ARTICLE WAS NOT RESUMED.





The army register usually gives the name of each regiment in the service preceded by the names of the battles in which it has taken part. It is now stated that the War Department has issued an order taking off from the next number all mention of the battles of the rebellion.

If such an order is issued, it is simply contemptible. It is an official declaration that service in the Union armies during the rebellion was dishonorable, that the regiments and men which distinguished themselves in their efforts to save the Union should be ashamed of it, that the record of their acts should be blotted out as soon as possible, and that nothing but treason is commendable. This is on a par with placing none but rebels in the chairman-ships of the committees of the House.





Emporia is to have a democratic paper.

Topeka is making war on its gamblers.

The Indian pony trade is brisk at Coffeyville.

The schoolhouse in Ead's district, Sumner county, is burned down.

A twenty inch vein of coal has been discovered on Indian creek, in Potawatomie county.

A. P. Tenney, of Bloomington, Ill., is the new superintendent of the Insane asylum at Osawatomie.

The Murphy movement is spreading. It has reached Emporia, Cottonwood Falls, Newton, Eldorado, and Augusta.

W. B. Strong is the new manager of the A., T. & S. F. R. R. He is employed for three years at $12,000 a year with a bonus of $10,000.

Kansas distillers are having considerable trouble this fall. U. S. marshal Miller and his deputies manage to find a "crooked" one every few days.

Parties in digging a well at Neodesha, at the depth of 123 feet found salt water, and immediately struck coal and have gone down six feet in coal without finding bottom.

The Wellington Press says the proposition of the A., T. & S. F. R. R. Co. is to build a road from Wichita or Eldorado, at the option of the company, by way of Belleplain and Wellington to Caldwell, to reach Sumner county in 1878, and be completed in 1879, in case Sumner votes them $4,000 per mile.

It seems that there are land swindlers in Kansas as well as in Texas, and perhaps in our very midst. The register of deeds of Pottawatomie county has received from Indianapolis a pretended abstract of land that did not exist, signed "John A. Phillips, recorder," instead of the register's name, John A. Whims. The Indianapolis man says he has a similar abstract from Cowley county.





They had recently a $3,500 fire at Wichita.

L. B. Snow, at Eldorado, has sold out the National bank to a Mr. Wing.

A. B. Steinberger--our Abe--has beeen elected mayor of Howard City.

Mayor Fuller promises to build the Emporia narrow gauge to Howard City by July 4th.

Eldorado polled 314 votes at the late election. Winfield 512. Which is queen of the valley?

Judge Campbell has adjourned court at Howard City, and is now on the bench at Wellington.

Eldorado hoodlums tear down signs, blockade streets, and move boxes and wares that are left out overnight.

Buffalo steak is plenty at Wellington at four cents a pound. The animals themselves in their roving freedom are not so very far off.

Newton P. Scott was convicted in the Elk district court of the murder of Robert Daugherty and sentenced to the penitentiary for ten years.

Bent Murdock is jubilant. The borers for oil, a few miles below Eldorado, struck a three foot vein of coal, of a superior quality, almost equal to anthracite.



All the indications are that there will soon be an advance in the price of wheat and other breadstuffs.

The New England States haven't a single chairmanship of committees in the House of Representatives, and but few influential places on the committees.

The Senate has passed the army appropriation bill limiting the army to 25,000. The limit fixed by the house was 20,000. The bill goes back to the House for action on the Senate amendment.




From Our Dexter Correspondent.

Dexter is having a full school.

Our buffalo hunters have returned with plenty of beef. They killed seventeen buffaloes.

Our farmers are all very busy preparing for winter, our merchants are selling lots of goods, and everything is lively.

Seventeen loads of wheat started last Saturday for the Osage agency. The party returned today, having sold at $4.05.

Messrs. Elliott & Harden are preparing to feed 160 head of beef steers this winter; other parties are making similar preparations, and about 700 will be fed in this vicinity.

Mr. L. J. Rude, having wearied of his rude and lone fare, on last Saturday rudely appropriated about 130 pounds of Rice. Being a school teacher, he concluded that a rice diet was just the thing for him. This new edible will serve also for a companion, will keep his house in trim, and make home delightful.





Emporia, Kansas.

The winter term will commence Dec. 12th. Unsurpassed facilities are offered for a thorough professional or general education.

For circulars address the President,



Winfield Courier, November 22, 1877.

CARD. G. EMERSON, M. D., Physician and Surgeon.

Office over New York Store (Manning's brick.) Residence, corner 11th and Fuller Street. (Robinson house.)




The new Catholic church has been enclosed.

Revival meetings at the M. E. church every night.

The new bakery on Ninth avenue is nearly completed.

G. W. Hunt is building a new tailor shop on Ninth avenue.

W. L. Mullen has bought three lots on Ninth avenue recently.

S. Suss, one of our leading merchants, has gone east to buy goods.

A. G. Wilson started for his old home in Wisconsin last Tuesday.

The workingmen's party is made up of men who are too lazy to work.

Elder Dave Dale and Dennis Cunningham, of Lazette, were in town on Saturday.

Dempsy Elliott, one of Dexter's leading merchants, visited our city on Monday.

W. B. Gibbs has his new carpenter shop on Ninth avenue completed and in occupation.

BIRTH. J. B. Lynn is not to be beat in anything. Last week he became the happy father of a nice girl.

Rev. A. H. Walter, P. E., will preach in the Methodist church next Saturday and Sunday.

Twenty-seven new babies in town. Now we can take a census and count fifteen hundred, "you bet."

E. C. Manning, since he quit the newspaper business, is rich enough to build a nice house. Commonwealth.



MARRIED. David Guthrie and Nettie Bacon, of Chautauqua county, were married lately. And Guthrie saved his Bacon.

Judge Caldwell and son are making plans for more improvements in the town. This time it is an office on 9th avenue.

Messrs. Mater & Miller have completed their large stone blacksmith shop and are busy at work in it at their trade.

BIRTH. Hon. T. R. Bryan has taken a Deputy Treasurer into his employ--weight nine and a half pounds--name not given yet.

Arkansas City boys steal teams of horses and wagons just for fun. They should go to the stone institution near Leavenworth just for fun.

Nate Roberson was down from Eldorado last week and said that Winfield was growing fater than that place. And still we have no railroad!

Brotherton & Silver are building a business house on Ninth avenue, east of Main street. That avenue has become an important business street.

Linus and Lovell Webb and W. C. Campbell, of this city, are at Ann Arbor, Michigan, in the law department of the university. A recent letter from Mr. Campbell to a gentleman in Topeka states that they are all well and like the place and school very much.



Winfield, in Cowley county, has a Methodist minister who exacts every cent of his salary from his congregation in money and then donates it to pay for the church building.

We find the above in several of our exchanges. It originated in A. R. Green's letter to the K. C. Journal of Commerce, but Green did not say Methodist minister. We suppose he alluded to the Presbyterian minister. Both, however, are more justly famous for enterprise, energy, industry, and a high order of talent and Christian character, than for collecting salaries.



Among the substantial men of the county who have favored us recently are Justus Fisher, of Liberty; F. D. Davis, of Ninnescah; D. M. Hopkins and T. B. Ware, of Vernon; Samuel Watt, J. L. King, and S. Nawman, of this township; H. Fisk, of Rock; and J. A. Barr, of Omnia.


Last Saturday was the "boss" day for trade in Winfield. We counted one hundred and twenty-seven teams on the streets at one time. The streets, sidewalks, and stores were literally crowded with men and women. All our merchants sold large amounts of goods, some retailing from $300 to $600.


Col. J. C. McMullen, the leading banker of Arkansas City, has purchased in this city a block of land, which he will immediately improve with a splendid residence for himself and family. He will also build a bank building and open business in this place. He understands this "queen of the valley" matter.



T. J. JOHNSON [? could they mean Johnston ?] threshed his wheat last week, and got a better turnout than he expected. He had fifty acres, but it was harvested late with waste. He threshed out and saved 203 bushels to the acre, and thinks if it had been well saved, it would have yielded 22. It is a plump and good grain of the Walker variety.


Mayor Hope, of Wichita, has been in Winfield for a few days past, and has bought 450 head of cattle in this vicinity. He has leased the lot on Main street between A. A. Jackson's and Jim Hill's buildings and will build a store for a jewelry shop. His sons will occupy the building before Christmas with $4,000 worth of jewelry stock. They are experienced workmen in their business.


HOG DISEASE. On Sunday morning John Furgerson, who lives four miles northeast of this city, found one of his dogs dead and others sick. Five have since died and others will probably die. They first show symptoms of weakness and go around with their noses to the ground, and then appear blind and run against anything in their way, then turn round and round with a twitching or jerking movement, them become spotted purple and soon die.


R. Birnbaum just returned from the eastern part of the state. He says that Messrs. Paull Bro.'s are building a new iron jail at Sedan, which is a very fine building, and looks as though it would hold those fellows who are so handy with the pistol and knife. He also says that coal has been discovered in this county east of this place near the surface of the ground. He did not learn the thickness of the vein, but saw some of the coal which was clean and hard like anthracite.


On last Friday morning A. B. Taylor, teacher in district No. 21, repaired to his schoolhouse at a somewhat early hour, when he discovered the door had been broken open and the house occupied by a dead beat who, upon the appearance of A. B., made an attempt to escape by feigning crazy. A few vigorous jerks soon brought him to his right mind, when finding he was fairly caught, he determined to escape by main force, which proved unsuccessful. He was put to cutting wood to atone for the damage done to the schoolhouse, when he was permitted to depart in peace. He gave his name as Henry W. Morgan, says he lives 14 miles west of Wellington, Sumner county, Kansas, where he said he owns a farm. Sumner had better provide for her dead-berats instead of sending them to Cowley.





FRIEND MILLINGTON: Have you ever heard of Cowley county? Of Winfield? Of Kansas? Well, it beats the world how things grow out West! What sudden and wonderful development our country makes! How our population increases!


There was Dick Walker, who was not satisfied with being sheriff a second term, and mayor of Winfield, and so he brought on a walker to keep him company.

This got Doctor Davis on his ear, and he sent right off and got a full-blooded Kentuckian, but gave him a Kansas name.

Then Judge Gans thought he would trump that card, but he missed it, for it was only a girl.

Then our accommodating

record of their acts should be blotted out as soon as possible, and that nothing but treason is commendable. This is on a par with placing none but rebels in the chairmanships of the committees of the House.





Emporia is to have a democratic paper.

Topeka is making war on its gamblers.

The Indian pony trade is brisk at Coffeyville.

The schoolhouse in Ead's district, Sumner county, is burned down.

A twenty inch vein of coal has been discovered on Indian creek, in Potawatomie county.

A. P. Tenney, of Bloomington, Ill., is the new superintendent of the Insane asylum at Osawatomie.

The Murphy movement is spreading. It has reached Emporia, Cottonwood Falls, Newton, Eldorado, and Augusta.

W. B. Strong is the new manager of the A., T. & S. F. R. R. He is employed for three years at $12,000 a year with a bonus of $10,000.

Kansas distillers are having considerable trouble this fall. U. S. marshal Miller and his deputies manage to find a "crooked" one every few days.

Parties in digging a well at Neodesha, at the depth of 123 feet found salt water, and immediately struck coal and have gone down six feet in coal without finding bottom.

The Wellington Press says the proposition of the

A., T. & S. F. R. R. Co. is to build a road from Wichita or Eldorado, at the option of the company, by way of Belleplain and Wellington to Caldwell, to reach Sumner county in 1878, and be completed in 1879, in case Sumner votes them $4,000 per mile.

It seems that there are land swindlers in Kansas as well as in Texas, and perhaps in our very midst. The register of deeds of Pottawatomie county has received from Indianapolis a pretended abstract of land that did not exist, signed "John A. Phillips, recorder," instead of the register's name, John A. Whims. The Indianapolis man says he has a similar abstract from Cowley county.





They had recently a $3,500 fire at Wichita.

L. B. Snow, at Eldorado, has sold out the National bank to a Mr. Wing.

A. B. Steinberger--our Abe--has beeen elected mayor of Howard City.

Mayor Fuller promises to build the Emporia narrow gauge to Howard City by July 4th.

Eldorado polled 314 votes at the late election. Winfield 512. Which is queen of the valley?

Judge Campbell has adjourned court at Howard City, and is now on the bench at Wellington.

Eldorado hoodlums tear down signs, blockade streets, and move boxes and wares that are left out overnight.

Buffalo steak is plenty at Wellington at four cents a pound. The animals themselves in their roving freedom are not so very far off.

Newton P. Scott was convicted in the Elk district court of the murder of Robert Daugherty and sentenced to the penitentiary for ten years.

Bent Murdock is jubilant. The borers for oil, a few miles below Eldorado, struck a three foot vein of coal, of a superior quality, almost equal to anthracite.




All the indications are that there will soon be an advance in the price of wheat and other breadstuffs.

The New England States haven't a single chairmanship of committees in the House of Representatives, and but few influential places on the committees.

The Senate has passed the army appropriation bill limiting the army to 25,000. The limit fixed by the house was 20,000. The bill goes back to the House for action on the Senate amendment.





From Our Dexter Correspondent.

Dexter is having a full school.

Our buffalo hunters have returned with plenty of beef. They killed seventeen buffaloes.

Our farmers are all very busy preparing for winter, our merchants are selling lots of goods, and everything is lively.

Seventeen loads of wheat started last Saturday for the Osage agency. The party returned today, having sold at $4.05.

Messrs. Elliott & Harden are preparing to feed 160 head of beef steers this winter; other parties are making similar preparations, and about 700 will be fed in this vicinity.

Mr. L. J. Rude, having wearied of his rude and lone fare, on last Saturday rudely appropriated about 130 pounds of Rice. Being a school teacher, he concluded that a rice diet was just the thing for him. This new edible will serve also for a companion, will keep his house in trim, and make home delightful.






Emporia, Kansas.

The winter term will commence Dec. 12th. Unsurpassed facilities are offered for a thorough professional or general education.

For circulats address the President,



G. EMERSON, M. D., Physician and Surgeon.

Office over New York Store (Manning's brick.) Residence, corner 11th and Fuller Street. (Robinson house.)





The new Catholic church has been enclosed.

Revival meetings at the M. E. church every night.

The new bakery on Ninth avenue is nearly completed.

G. W. Hunt is building a new tailor shop on Ninth avenue.

W. L. Mullen has bought three lots on Ninth avenue recently.

S. Suss, one of our leading merchants, has gone east to buy goods.

A. G. Wilson started for his old home in Wisconsin last Tuesday.

The workingmen's party is made up of men who are too lazy to work.

Elder Dave Dale and Dennis Cunningham, of Lazette, were in town on Saturday.

Dempsy Elliott, one of Dexter's leading merchants, visited our city on Monday.

W. B. Gibbs has his new carpenter shop on Ninth avenue completed and in occupation.

BIRTH. J. B. Lynn is not to be beat in anything. Last week he became the happy father of a nice girl.

Rev. A. H. Walter, P. E., will preach in the Methodist church next Saturday and Sunday.

Twenty-seven new babies in town. Now we can take a census and count fifteen hundred, "you bet."

E. C. Manning, since he quit the newspaper business, is rich enough to build a nice house. Commonwealth.




MARRIED. David Guthrie and Nettie Bacon, of Chautauqua county, were married lately. And Guthrie saved his Bacon.

Judge Caldwell and son are making plans for more improvements in the town. This time it is an office on 9th avenue.

Messrs. Mater & Miller have completed their large stone blacksmith shop and are busy at work in it at their trade.

BIRTH. Hon. T. R. Bryan has taken a Deputy Treasurer into his employ--weight nine and a half pounds--name not given yet.

Arkansas City boys steal teams of horses and wagons just for fun. They should go to the stone institution near Leavenworth just for fun.

Nate Roberson was down from Eldorado last week and said that Winfield was growing fater than that place. And still we have no railroad!

Brotherton & Silver are building a business house on Ninth avenue, east of Main street. That avenue has become an important business street.

Linus and Lovell Webb and W. C. Campbell, of this city, are at Ann Arbor, Michigan, in the law department of the university. A recent letter from Mr. Campbell to a gentleman in Topeka states that they are all well and like the place and school very much.



Winfield, in Cowley county, has a Methodist minister who exacts every cent of his salary from his congregation in money and then donates it to pay for the church building.

We find the above in several of our exchanges. It originated in A. R. Green's letter to the K. C. Journal of Commerce, but Green did not say Methodist minister. We suppose he alluded to the Presbyterian minister. Both, however, are more justly famous for enterprise, energy, industry, and a high order of talent and Christian character, than for collecting salaries.




Among the substantial men of the county who have favored us recently are Justus Fisher, of Liberty; F. D. Davis, of Ninnescah; D. M. Hopkins and T. B. Ware, of Vernon; Samuel Watt, J. L. King, and S. Nawman, of this township; H. Fisk, of Rock; and J. A. Barr, of Omnia.


Last Saturday was the "boss" day for trade in Winfield. We counted one hundred and twenty-seven teams on the streets at one time. The streets, sidewalks, and stores were literally crowded with men and women. All our merchants sold large amounts of goods, some retailing from $300 to $600.


Col. J. C. McMullen, the leading banker of Arkansas City, has purchased in this city a block of land, which he will immediately improve with a splendid residence for himself and family. He will also build a bank building and open business in this place. He understands this "queen of the valley" matter.



T. J. JOHNSON [? could they mean Johnston ?] threshed his wheat last week, and got a better turnout than he expected. He had fifty acres, but it was harvested late with waste. He threshed out and saved 203 bushels to the acre, and thinks if it had been well saved, it would have yielded 22. It is a plump and good grain of the Walker variety.


Mayor Hope, of Wichita, has been in Winfield for a few days past, and has bought 450 head of cattle in this vicinity. He has leased the lot on Main street between A. A. Jackson's and Jim Hill's buildings and will build a store for a jewelry shop. His sons will occupy the building before Christmas with $4,000 worth of jewelry stock. They are experienced workmen in their business.


HOG DISEASE. On Sunday morning John Furgerson, who lives four miles northeast of this city, found one of his dogs dead and others sick. Five have since died and others will probably die. They first show symptoms of weakness and go around with their noses to the ground, and then appear blind and run against anything in their way, then turn round and round with a twitching or jerking movement, them become spotted purple and soon die.


R. Birnbaum just returned from the eastern part of the state. He says that Messrs. Paull Bro.'s are building a new iron jail at Sedan, which is a very fine building, and looks as though it would hold those fellows who are so handy with the pistol and knife. He also says that coal has been discovered in this county east of this place near the surface of the ground. He did not learn the thickness of the vein, but saw some of the coal which was clean and hard like anthracite.


On last Friday morning A. B. Taylor, teacher in district No. 21, repaired to his schoolhouse at a somewhat early hour, when he discovered the door had been broken open and the house occupied by a dead beat who, upon the appearance of A. B., made an attempt to escape by feigning crazy. A few vigorous jerks soon brought him to his right mind, when finding he was fairly caught, he determined to escape by main force, which proved unsuccessful. He was put to cutting wood to atone for the damage done to the schoolhouse, when he was permitted to depart in peace. He gave his name as Henry W. Morgan, says he lives 14 miles west of Wellington, Sumner county, Kansas, where he said he owns a farm. Sumner had better provide for her dead-berats instead of sending them to Cowley.





FRIEND MILLINGTON: Have you ever heard of Cowley county? Of Winfield? Of Kansas? Well, it beats the world how things grow out West! What sudden and wonderful development our country makes! How our population increases!


There was Dick Walker, who was not satisfied with being sheriff a second term, and mayor of Winfield, and so he brought on a walker to keep him company.

This got Doctor Davis on his ear, and he sent right off and got a full-blooded Kentuckian, but gave him a Kansas name.

Then Judge Gans thought he would trump that card, but he missed it, for it was only a girl.

Then our accommodating county recorder, E. P. Kinne, resolved not to be out of the fashion, and he bought a ten pound boy.

After Dr. Mendenhall formed a partnership with Dr. Davis, of course he could not afford to be behind the times, so he rushed out one night and caught a bouncing big boy.

Then J. B. Lynn, chuckling in his sleeve, said he'd show 'em, and sent all the way to Kansas City for a little lad.

But how Tom Bryan laughed to himself, waiting till these other fellows got through, when he went up to Topeka to see the state treasurer, and now Tom has a bran new boy weighing nine and a half pounds.

Yours, SAMMY.

P. S. I forgot John D. Pryor, who, you know, is a broker. Well, seeing how matters were going around town, he broke out and fished up the sweetest little girl in town.

And there's Bill Hackney--well, he won't be behind anybody, and nothing would do him but to take a run into Sumner county, or into the territory, and bring back a full-fledged attorney-at-law, weight nine pounds.

Won't these chaps have a big Thanksgiving.



Mr. Clisbee is the new salesman in the drugstore of

B. F. Baldwin. He has had a long experience in the retail drug business, and wholesale as well. He has been for some time traveling salesman for Allwire, Woodard & Co., wholesale druggists, Peoria, Illinois. He comes well recommended.

Union Thanksgiving services will be held in the Methodist church on Thursday, Nov. 29th, at 11 a.m. Discourse by J. L. Rusbridge. All are cordially invited to take part in these services and thus acknowledge the blessings that have come to us from our Father.








WINFIELD, KANSAS, Nov. 9, 1877.

The Board of Commissioners met in special session. Present: R. F. Burden, W. M. Sleeth, and William White, Commissioners; James McDermott, County Attorney, and M. G. Troup, County Clerk.

Among other proceedings had, the Board allowed the following claims for election services.



E. A. Henthorn, W. H. Gilliard, J. L. Parsons, W. R. Stolp, A. E. Henthorn, N. J. Larkin, Calvin Sturm, T. H. Jones,

Alex Kelly, A. J. Sandford, Adam Walck, W. B. Norman,

A. J. Walck, J. W. Haynes, L. A. Walck, J. J. Smith,

John R. Robinson, R. B. Shaver, C. R. Myles, A. J. Edwards,

G. W. Herbert, W. Butterfield, W. A. Butterfield, S. Cattrell,

W. T. Estus, J. V. Hines, P. G. Smith, Cyrus Dover, J. A. Bryan,

Joseph Burdette, W. P. Hostetter, J. P. Eckles, Henry Forbes,

A. C. Holland, C. J. Brane, P. W. Smith, P. J. Copple,

William Sensenney, L. Goodrich, A. S. Capper, C. G. Bradbury,

McD. Stapleton, A. J. Pickering, J. W. Tull, S. Tyler,


J. E. Dunn, D. M. Hopkins, E. D. Skinner, F. H. Werden,

F. Starnwalt [? thought it was Starwalt ?], F. M. Osborn,

D. W. Willey, B. L. D. Caldwell, D. M. Patten, J. W. Searle,

A. Buzzi, R. Hoffmaster, John Herbert, T. S. Parvin,

C. C. Holland, W. H. Clay, Wm. Marrow, D. Terrill,

R. R. Longshore, Charles Irwin, J. H. Hall, C. G. Handy,

C. C. Krow, W. C. Bryant, A. T. Gay, A. P. Brooks, T. P. Carter,

J. A. Goforth, N. Brooks, H. N. Hulse, A. A. Wiley,

J. B. Callison, W. E. Ketcham, J. V. Waggoner, F. W. Nance,

J. M. Barrack, W. B. Wimer, Hiram Fisk, Frank Akers,

J. W. Douglass, J. J. Broadbent, J. M. Sample, J. W. Kimmell,

____ Sneigh, John Scott, John E. Allen, J. W. Curns,

C. M. Wood, F. S. Jennings, Charles E. Love, Robert Thrisk,

H. H. Robins, D. Maher, A. J. Jarvis, J. W. Thirsk,

M. S. Roseberry, R. H. True, D. W. Frew, L. P. King,

Justus Fisher, H. C. Catlin, Levi Weimer, John Hill,

Thaddeus MaGinnis, T. McIntire, I. H. Bonsall, E. J. Fitch,

_____ Bacon, ____ Williams, H. C. Sartin, R. Courtright,

Thomas Slater, Edward Fisher, John Rice, W. J. Gamel,

R. S. Strother, A. J. Peebler, Tohn [? John ?] Hodson,

Robert Barker.





The State Agricultural College has telephones.

New students arriving every week, the last one from Cowley county. Industrialist.

No less than thirty wagons passed through here one day last week, with people looking for homes. Censorial.

The wild geese are with us again, and farmers are compelled to drive them from their wheat fields or they would entirely destroy the crops in certain localities. Hutchinson Interior.

Our community has received a number of additional people from Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, and other cities during the past week. The prospects of a narrow gauge have a desirable effect. Censorial.

The friends of the Memphis & Parsons narrow gauge, Winfield branch, are highly elated over the prospects for the early completion of that road. A gentleman from Elk Falls informs us that they have positive information to the effect that work will commence on the road in a very short time. Elk Co. Ledger.

During four weeks in October, 1874, the Santa Fe road's weekly earnings were $116,379; same time in 1875, $178,954; in 1876, $285,088; in 1877, $840,242. During three weeks in October, 1874, the Kansas Pacific road's weekly earnings were $386,090; in 1875, $356,978; in 1876, $231,415; in 1877, $273,990. Commonwealth.

Work has commenced on the narrow gauge railroad bridge over the Cottonwood river, at Emporia, in earnest, we are creditably informed, and employing as much help as can conveniently get around; and that the grading contractors have put on the road another lot of grading implements, teams and men, and the work goes on. Madison Times.





Major Reno's Conduct in the Custer Fight Criticized.

Major Reno's conduct in the battle which resulted in the massacre of Custer's command, is severely criticized in view of Sitting Bull's corroboation of the suspicions excited by the stories heretofore derived from scouts and friendly Indians.

The Herald says: "As soon as it became possible to construct from the excited stories of the participants and witnesses a connected and logical chronicle of that bloody fight, it was seen that the conduct of Major Reno called for explanation. Observations were made at the time upon the circumstances that this officer appointed to cooperate in a combined advance upon the Indian position, did not do his whole duty under his orders, and not only that, but discontinued his advance altogether on encountering some resistance, permitted himself to be very easily whipped, and withdrew his force to a comparatively safe place and saved his men, within sound of the fire that annihilated the force with which he was to cooperate. "Sitting Bull now tells the story of the battle, which implies that Major Reno had so completely withdrawn from the field before Custer even got into it, that the Indians thought there was only one column, which had withdrawn from a first point only to advance at another. It was under the sense of encouragement given them by Reno's flight that the Indians assailed Custer's command with such unusual vigor, and having destroyed it, they would have destroyed Reno's also with equal thoroughness but for Terry's arrival. This new light on the battle, confirming so absolutely what was before thought, will give new occasion for regret that Major Reno is still an officer of the army, under a too lenient remission of his sentence for another offense."

The Tribune says: "If Sitting Bull tells the truth, Reno's first attack was merely a light skirmish, and his force remained perched upon the heights, and facing the squaws and superanuated warriors, when, if he had renewed the assault, in accordance with Custer's plan, he might have saved the lives of his gallant comrades. Reno has stated in his official report that he knew nothing of Custer's engagement. Sitting Bull says that the squaws in front of Reno heard distinctly the sound of the firing. Major Reno is not in fit position to command public sympathy. He was condemned by a court martial last spring for insulting a lady, and suspended from rank and pay for two years."




Butler County.

ELDORADO, Nov. 23, 1877.

I found the people here excited about the coal discoveries. The oil company claim that they have drilled through more than three feet of coal at the depth of seventy-three feet. Bent Murdock showed me a sample of superior coal, not anthracite, but better than any Kansas coal I ever saw--compact and hard. He said he knew it came out of the bore. I judge that he is not fully satisfied that it is a bona fide affair. I regard it possible that the company or some interested person may have procured the coal from some other source and repeatedly placed some of it in the bore of the drills. One reason for suggesting this idea is that the coal is so different from anything I should expect to find here. The citizens have the consent of the company to sink a well; have an offer of well-diggers to sink a well four feet in diameter to the depth of eighty feet for $285, and propose to raise the money at once, sink the well, and test the matter, so there shall be no doubt about the matter. If such a vein as is claimed has been reached, it will be of inestimable value to Butler county, and even to Cowley. D. A. M. [MILLINGTON]




As I passed through Douglass today (Nov. 23rd) C. H. Lamb was dying. He was one of the first settlers of Douglass and a prominent and highly respected citizen, well known to many people of Cowley. He has always been quite delicate in health and physical strength, but of a fine mental organization. He was incapable of much physical labor, but was an excellent penman, and was nominated by the Republican convention before the late election as candidate for Register of Deeds of Butler county.

Some candidates who were defeated in that convention had the meanness to put up a candidate in opposition and canvass the county thoroughly against Lamb, circulating false reports about his getting drunk, with other charges, and succeeded in beating him by an overwhelming majority. The exertions and excitement of the canvass, the terrible disappointment of the defeat, and, probably a cold, were too much for one so constituted, and he fell a victim to the treachery of men who should have supported him.

When a man shoots down another in cold blood, or steals a horse, the law takes hold of and punishes him, but when one is killed by treachery and carefully guarded, cowardly slander, there is no law that can reach the case. Even public sentiment is lenient and excuses the offender.

Our political atmosphere is foul with such crimes. If a man is a candidate for office, then it is that stories of vice and fraud are circulated against him by persons who otherwise are considered respectable, and who excuse themselves with the plea that all is fair in politics. It is one of the mysteries that anyone will believe stories circulated at such a time, but the result always shows that they are believed, that the poison always work, and sometimes fatally.

D. A. M.




Reimbursing Kansas.

The following is a copy of the bill introduced into Congress by Col. Plumb, to reimburse Kansas in repelling invasions and suppressing Indian hostilities.

SECTION 1. That the secretary of the treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to cause to be examined, settled, and paid, any and all proper claims of the State of Kansas for money expended by said State in organizing, arming, equipping, supplying, clothing, subsisting, transporting, and paying the volunteer and militia forces of said State, called into active service by the governor thereof after the first day of January, 1863, to aid in repelling invasions and suppressing Indian hostilities in said State and upon its borders.

SECTION 2. That the secretary of the treasury shall cause the proper officers to proceed at once to examine, audit, and pay all claims for money expended and indebtedness assumed by said State for the purposes herein named, including the claims assumed and paid by the State for horses and other property lost, while in the line of duty by said State forces: Provided, That in determining the claims to be allowed and paid under the act, the same rules and regulations shall be observed by the accounting officers in auditing and paying such expenses as have been applied to the claims allowed to States under the act approved July twenty-seventh, eighteen hundred and sixty-one, entitled "An act to indemnify the States for expenses incurred by them in defense of the United States."

SECTION 3. That in settling the accounts of said State as herein provided, the secretary of the treasury shall cause to be deducted, out of the aggregate amount allowed, the amount of direct tax due the United States from said State under the act entitled "An act to provide increased revenue from imports, pay interest on the public debt, and for other purposes," approved August fifth, eighteen hundred and sixty-one.

SECTION 4. That the sum of $470,726.15, or so much thereof as may be necessary, be and the same is hereby appropriated to carry this act into effect.





In another column will be found an account of the dedicatory exercises of the State University. This institution, located at Lawrence, is, in every respect, a credit to the state. The building is a very fine one. Probably no better university building can be found in the United States. It is a very substantial stone structure of real architectural beauty. The faculty of the institution is a strong one. Several of the professors have a national reputation; all are earnest, devoted teachers, and they are determined that our univeristy shall be in every respect worthy of the state.

At present there are about three hundred students in the school. They represent 40 different counties of the state. They are as interesting and enthusiastic a company of young men and women as could be convened anywhere.

The time will soon come, if indeed we have not already reached it, when the law and medical department of the university should be established. The institution should be in fact what it is in name--a university. Cannot the regents do something for these departments, soon?





Special dispatch to the Journal.

Lawrence, Nov. 22. Yesterday the new University building was formally dedicated. The exercises being specially interesting were attended by a large concourse of the citizens of Lawrence and from over the State. The large audience hall is furnished completely, frescoed in the Egyptian style, and seated with handsome opera chairs, making in its freshness and beautiful impressiveness the finest audience chamber in the West.

His Excellency, Gov. Anthony, was present and presided most happily on the occasion. Chancellor Marvin, on behalf of the Board of Regents, presented the building to the State of Kansas, Gov. Anthony responding and accepting the trust in well chosen language. A large company seated themselves at a banquet in an adjoining room. Adjourned at seven and one-half past to the main hall. The chancellor read a letter of regret from Amos A. Lawrence, of the State of Massachusetts. Judge S. O. Thatcher spoke on the relation of the people of the city and vicinity to the University.

Short pithy addresses, full of humor, sound logic, and argument. Periods were made by Rev. F. T. Ingalls, of Atchison, Hon. T. D. Thatcher, of the Lawrence Journal, and T. C. Henry, the wheat King of Abilene, Prof. Canfield, of the faculty of the University, and His Excellency, the Governor.

[??? Paragraph does not make sense to me. ???]

Later in the evening the Young Men's Social club serenaded the Chief Executive at the Ludington House and received words of cheer and apt advice.





J. B. Ives has been appointed postmaster at Douglass.


The jail bond proposition was defeated by forty-nine votes, while the twin proposition for the erection of public buildings, was carried by forty-nine majority. Wellington Press.


The detachment of United States troops that came up last week in charge of prisoners, left Sunday morning for their station, Fort Reno. Wichita Beacon.


The severe earthquake last Thursday noon was distinctly felt by us in the Times office, at a quarter past 12 o=clock noon. We had 3 distinct shocks, or waves, which swayed the building from north to south. The same wave was felt in a number of the western states. Eldorado Times.

Bent is bound that Eldorado shall not be behind any other town. Iowa City, Omaha, Atchison, Topeka, and other cities have had an earthquake lately. Of course, Eldorado must have an earthquake.


John H. Folks, of Wellington, has had greatness thrust upon him. He was elected coroner and nobody stole votes enough to beat him. Thus it is with editors; they get all the fat offices.


Salina felt the late earthquake.


The name of the county seat of Elk county has been changed from "Howard City" to simply "Howard."





St. Louis, Fort Scott & Colorado Railroad.

D. A. MILLINGTON, Esq., Winfield, Kansas.

DEAR SIR: To keep you posted upon the movements of our Company, I thought to write, that soon after a meeting of the executive board at Ft. Scott this week, I shall start from Humboldt withh a corps of engineers, on a survey and location of our line from Humboldt to Winfield. Everything looks like business and a survey with approximate estimate cost to build and statistics of ech county through which we run. Will in our opinion settle the question of going ahead at an early day.

I will write you again so soon as we get into the field.

M. S. Carter, the president of our company, will come out to Scott in a few days. He will visit your place again this winter. He was much pleased with your city and Cowley Co.

Very truly yours,

A. J. FRENCH, Chief Engineer.

Humboldt, Kansas, November 18, 1877.




From Red Bud.

EDITOR COURIER: In your showing of the official vote of Maple township in the COURIER of the 15th inst., you name Thos. Cooley, democrat, trustee. At the election Cooley received 18 votes and D. S. Haynes, republican, 21 votes. You make Newton Wilson, dem., treasurer. At the election Wilson received 11 votes and Thos. Daniels, received 28 votes. You give but one constable, D. Walck, dem., 31 votes. Two were elected, George Brown, republican, receiving 17 votes over L. Walck, democrat, 13. Please make the correction.


Red Bud, Nov. 20, 1877.





"The main fight was made on A. Troup, candidate for sheriff, Jas. H. Clark, a democrat being his opponent, and a gallant fight he made, but Troup received ninety-seven votes too many for him."

Kirwin Chief.

We understand that the above named gentleman is the father of our county clerk.







Slight snow Tuesday.

What has become of the Philomatic society?

C. M. Scott, of the Traveler, called last Friday.

Rev. J. McQuiston of Wichita visited Winfield this week.

A little game called "fifteen ball pool" is all the rage now.

Several of the boys have "sworn off" playing fifteen ball pool, billiards, and pin pool. They now play "pins."

Daniel Grant has been appointed postmaster at Silverdale.

The skeleton of a woman was found near Augusta not long since.

Six emigrant wagons from Illinois arrived in Winfield last Monday.

We understand that our friend Root starts for Iowa next


Will Klingman is learning the milling business at the Tunnell Mills.

Mr. Lew. Carr, cousing of W. M. Allison, formerly of Chetopa, this state, is at present clerking for Harter Bo.'s * Co.

Harter & Hill are putting a 42 foot addition to the rear of their livery stable on Main street. The boys are doing a good business.

D. Read, of Tisdale township, called this week and tells us of having a pig, which, at the age of sixteen months weighed five hundred and twenty pounds.

Col. Manning commenced work on the cellar for his new brick building. The building will be fifty feet front by one hundred feet deep, two stories high.

Mr. M. Moore is the chief engineer of one of Nate Robinson's trains to Eldorado, and runs his train in the best of style, besides being very attentive to his passengers.

Bi Terrill has improved the appearance of the stone livery barn by putting in new floors and making it almost air tight. He has also recently put an addition to the rear of the building.



The road to Douglass is in excellent condition. The approaches to the Timber creek bridge are well graded, the gulch at Grow's is smoothed down, and the rocky hill this side of Douglass is as smooth as a floor.


One of the boys, Ed. L. Walker, returned on last Wednesday evening from an extended visit to the eastern states. He looks well and hearty and appears to be pleased upon getting back to his old "stamping grounds."


The large eight light chandelier in the Methodist church fell down last Friday night and was completely broken to pieces. It fortunately happened that the lights had just been turned out after the evening services or the damage must have been very great. Truly it seems as if the fates were against the Methodist church.


Hotel arrivals (transient) in this city, for the week ending Wednesday noon, November 28th, 1877, number as follows: Central Hotel, 51; Anderson Hotel, 89.


The Walker brothers, who were out here a short time ago looking for a location, have returned with a well selected stock of groceries, which will be opened in the old Boyle building. We wish the gentlemen success.


Mrs. P. Stump moved her millinery store to her new stone building on south Main street last Monday. She has a large stock of goods in her line, and expects to do a good business in her new and handsome building.


D. A. Millington and wife, father and mother of Mrs. A. B. Lemmon, arrived in town yesterday. Mr. Millington is Mr. Lemmon's partner in the Winfield COURIER. They will remain about two weeks. Commonwealth of Nov. 24th.


Mr. Roberts, who made a Mrs. of Miss Rosa Cochran some years since, and carried her off, brought her back; and, as we hope, will now be a permanent resident of Winfield. He is the gentlemanly and obliging agent of Nate Robinson's stage line.


Mr. E. Bacon tells us he is doing a good business. He is a first-class workman, and is taking orders for articles in his line, of his own manufacture, for Christmas presents. His work shows for itself. Call and see him, one door north of the Williams House.



Dr. A. Howland, D. G. D. K. of H., of Winfield, Kansas, is in the city. The cabalistic letters at the end of the Doctor's name refer to a new social order, the Knights of Honor, a lodge of which the Doctor is instituting in this city.

Ottawa Republican.


D. RODOCKER returned last week from his trip to the Black Hills. He brings with him many beautiful stereoscopic views of the mountains, peaks, hills, gulches, claims, camps, and towns in the gold region. He says he will return to the Hills about next Centennial.


We know of a house in Winfield that is occupied both for a residence and stable. The people occupy the front and the horses and hay the rear rooms. This should not be allowed, and especially on Main street, as buildings in the immediate vicinity are endangered by fire.


The editor, Mr. Millington, accompanied by his wife and Master Bertie Flint, started for Topeka last Friday morning. Mr. Millington will be gone something over a week, while Mrs. Millington will remain at the capital about four weeks visiting her daughters, Mrs. Lemmon and Miss Jessie.


We were pleased to receive a call Tuesday from Mr. A. M. Breese, brother-in-law of C. M. Wood, of Mount Gilead, Ohio. Mr. Breese visits Kansas with a view of locating. He is well pleased with Cowley county and may, we hope, be persuaded to remain permanently among us.

We forgot to make mention of the party given by the Belles of the Kitchen at the residence of L. C. Harter, last week. Those who were there speak well for the liberality and sociableness of the belles. They have won a reputation for the handsome manner in which they treat their guests, and we say all honor to the Belles of the Kitchen!


The report of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture shows the number of acres of winter wheat in Cowley county for the year 1877 to be 50,621, and the number of bushels yielded, 55,683. We knew we had a light crop this year, but by Jove, you know, we thought we raised something more than a bushel to the acre, Mr. State Board of Agriculture. Why are these things thus?


The Courant and Ledger, long rival papers of Howard, Elk county, have consolidated under the name of the Courant-Ledger. The present editors, Steinberger and Reynolds, are both practical printers, and possess the ability and go-aheaditiveness to run a successful paper.


McCommon & Harter, at A. H. Green's old stand, have a full stock of Drugs, which they offer at the lowest prices. Special attention paid to prescriptions. Give them a call.



MARRIED. ADAMS - WILSON. On the 13th inst., by

Wm. B. Norman, J. P., at the residence of the bride's brother, Mr. I. N. Adams and Miss Elmira Wilson. All of Maple township, this county.

MARRIED. ROCHENBACH - STANLEY. On the 11th inst., at the residence of Sol. Smith, by T. P. Carter, J. P., Mr. C. A. Rochenbach and Permelia D. Stanley. All of Sheridan township, this county.




[Published November 29, 1877.]

Ordinance No. 68.

An ordinance provided for the construction of sidewalks.

Be it ordained by the Mayor, and councilmen of the City of Winfield.

SECTION 1. That sidewalks be constructed on the east and west sides of Main street, in said city, abutting and in front of all the lots in blocks numbering 108, 109, and 110, and 128, 129, and 130, and that said sidewalks be constructed of stone or wood and of the width of twelve (12) feet, if of stone to be of flag stone of uniform width, if of wood to be built of hard wood plank not less than one and one half (12) inches thick and not more than six inches in width,

Provided, That where such sidewalks now exist upon said street none need be built.

SECTION 2. That unless the sidewalks mentioned in Section one of this ordinance be built by the owner or owners of the lots or pieces of ground abutting on said sidewalks within sixty days from the publication of this ordinance, then and in that case the same shall be built by the city and an assessment for such building shall be made on all lots or pieces of ground in said blocks abutting on the said sidewalks according to the front foot so abutting.

SECTION 3. This ordinance shall take effect and be in force from and after its publication once in the Winfield Courier and Cowley County Telegram.

Approved November 19, 1877.

R. L. WALKER, Mayor.

Attest, Henry E. Asp, City Clerk.




W. B. Trissell's nursery stock has arrived just as we go to press. We counted seventeen wagons loaded down and piled on. Trissell will be here at Winfield on Thursdays, Fridays, and Saturdays until his stock is disposed of, to serve his customers. Now is your time.


D. Rodocker would respectfully announce to the citizens of Winfield and vicinity that he has visited all the first-class photograph galleries in the city of Chicago and is now on his way home to resume his business as soon as he arrives in Winfield.

TRENTON, MO., Nov. 12, 1877.


The highest price in cash paid at the mill of C. A. Bliss & Co. for good milling wheat. Do not sell to anyone else until you see them. Their mill is now running on full time.



All persons knowing themselves indebted to Boyer & Wallis must call and settle on or before the 1st day of December, 1877.



Special Holiday Presents.

I will open a well selected stock of silverware, jewelry, etc., the second week in December. Will give particular attention to special orders for the next ten days.




From the undersigned on Saturday, Nov. 24, a bay mare colt 5 months old; was seen in the city on the afternoon of Saturday. Whoever has taken up the colt will confer a favor by letting the subscriber know where it is.


82 [? OR 32] miles northeast of Winfield.






The Custer Massacre.

Sitting Bull has been talking with a correspondent and telling the story of the Custer massacre. He says: "The squaws were hell and a thousand devils; the squaws were like flying birds; the bullets like humming bees outside. We were whipped at first, but bye and bye, afterwards no. Your people were killed; I tell no lies about dead men. Those men who came with the long hair were as good men as ever fought; when they rode up their horses were tired and they were tired; when they got off their horses, they could not stand firmly on their feet; they swayed to and fro, so my young men have told me, like timber of cypresses in a great wind; some of them staggered under the weight of their guns, but they began to fight at once; but by this time our company were aroused, and there were plenty of warriors to meet them. They fired with needle guns; we replied with magazine guns (repeating rifles)." (Sitting Bull illustrated by putting his palms together with the rapidity of firing.)

"One young man rained lead across the river, and drove the white braves back and then they found that they had a good deal to do. The trouble with the soldiers was,s they were so exhausted and their horses bothered them so much, that they could not take good aim. Some of their horses broke away from them and left them stand to drop and die. All the men fell back fighting and dropping, but they could not fire fast enough, though they kept in pretty good order. They would fall back and make a fresh stand beyond the ground. There were a great many brave men in that fight, from time to time while it was going on, who were shot down like pigs. They couldn't help themselves; one by one the officers fell where the last fight took place. Where the last stand was made, Long Hair stood like a sheaf of corn with all the ears fallen around him, not wounded. Didn't know how many stood by him (a few). When he did fall, he killed a man. When he fell, he laughed."

"You mean he cried out?"

"No, he laughed, he had fired his last shot."

"From a carbine?"

"No, a pistol."

"Did he stand up after he first fell?"

"He rose up on his hands and tried another shot, but his pistol would not go off."

"Was anyone else standing up when he fell down?"

"One man was kneeling, that was all; but he died before Long Hair."

Sitting Bull says there were only squaws, old men, and little children in front of Reno keeping him in his strong position on the bluffs and preventing him giving aid to Custer.





School Laws.

The following points, from our school laws may be of interest to our readers.

1. There are no legal holidays for teachers.

2. A district officer cannot teach in his district without resigning his office.

3. The district clerk shall be fined $50 for not reporting the tax levy to the county clerk.

4. Teachers shall not be paid their last month's salary until they make a term report to the district clerk.

5. The district clerk is liable to $100 fine or three month's imprisonment for making a false report to the county superintendent.

6. The district board may require a teacher to teach any branch in the English language, provided he can teach it.

7. The district board shall be fined $100 per month for refusing children residing in the district the privileges of school, and admit children living outside the district, but may assess a per capita tax on them.

8. Parents or guardians of children over eight and under twelve years of age, who live within two miles of school and are able to furnish their children with books and clothes, shall send them to school three months of the year, six weeks of which shall be consecutive, or pay a fine of not more than ten dollars for the first offense, and not more then twenty dollars for each subsequent offense.





Wirt Walton informs us that Superintendent Lemmon left Topeka Monday to attend a call meeting of the Superintendents of the States and Territories at Washington. They will confer with the senate and house eommittees on education with a view of bettering the condition of the educational cause in the southern States and Territories. Other matters of importance will be discussed at the meeting. He will be gone some weeks.


The suit of Taylor vs. District 82 has been reversed in the Supreme Court. The schoolhouse was built on the corner of a farm, and the deed, though, not recorded. Afterwards the farm was mortgaged, and the mortgage foreclosed and an effort made to hold the school building. The mortgagee won the case in the District Court, on a technicality which is now reversed.


Our fish commissioner, Hon. D. B. Long, of Ellsworth, is a good officer. He is using the limited appropriations at his disposal judiciously. Already he has secured several large lots of fish spawn and placed them in the streams of Northern Kansas. Those streams will soon be well stocked with the finest fish. We would call Mr. Long's attention to the fact that our Walnut river is a constant stream of as pure, clear water as flows anywhere. We hope to come in for a share of his favors.


The silk crop of Kansas this year is worth $20,000.


The recent earthquake shock was felt at Marion Center.


The recent earthquake shock was felt as far west as Salina and Hutchinson.




Still in existence.

And everybody happy.

Corn is in good demand and sells readily at twenty cents a bushel.

Our thermometer made a flying visit to zero last Thursday morning.

Our ferry was unable to run three days last week owing to the quantity of slush ice running in the river.

We are gradually improving. A numer of new buildings have been commenced and will soon be ready for occupancy.

U. S. I. D.'s, or in plain English, Uncle Sam's Idle Dogs, were well represented in town last Saturday, mostly of the Kaw and Pawnee persuasion.

Sumner county will again look to Cowley for corn and feed this winter, they having already commenced supplying themselves from our cribs and granaries.

A Bolton lad, named Flonence [?] Randall, met with a very severe accident last week while wrestling with a comrade, he being thrown quite heavily, dislocating his shoulder.

Owing to the severity of the weather but few of our people attended the union Thanksgiving service at the First Presbyterian church, the majority preferring to return thanks around a warm fire at home.



Berry Bro.'s are enterprising grocery men having commenced the erection of a store room for their stock of groceries, queensware, etc. They still have faith in Arkansas City, in spite of the many disadvantages we are at present laboring under.

Messrs. Speers & Martin are making rapid progress on the new ferry west of town, and promise to have it completed and in running order in a few days. They don't propose to stop for ice, sand bars, high water, or anything else when they once get started.

We have heard it estimated that nearly one hundred persons collected at the south ferry at one time last Saturday in attempting to cross the river. Only a few succeeded in crossing, the rest returning to their homes minus the groceries, dry goods, etc., they intended to purchase of our merchants could they have got across the river. And still we have no bridge.

Arkansas City sports a real live literary society, which promises the means of our spending one evening in the week quite pleassantly this winter. It is a good move and should receive the support of all our citizens. I. H. Bonsall, president;

L. C. Norton and C. M. Swarts, vice-presidents; Miss Ella Grimes, secretary; Miss Flora Finley, treasurer; and A. W. Burkey and W. D. Mowry, musical directors.

The Thanksgiving festival, given by the ladies of the First Presbyterian society, proved a success in every particular. The supper was excellent; the supply of oysters, turkey, music, and pumpkin pie being inexhaustible, and made glad the hearts of the hungry multitude of persons. (I speak from experience.) The fancy table was well filled with the products of the nimble fingered ladies and made a handsome display. The fish pond was well stocked; and it only required one dime to secure you a fish, and the ever present grab bag--did you ever attend a festival without meeting it?--well it was there and found quite amusing to those in the grab; and last, but not least, the committee on amusement deserves credit for the fine entertainment given after the supper. The laughable farce, called the "Two Buzzards," was well rendered, and by the frequent bursts off applause, we should judge it was enjoyed by all. The play was well committed, and the acting in some parts, first-class. The receipts of the evening amounted to about eighty dollars, which we understand will be used to repair the church. The evening passed very pleasantly, and all returned feeling satisfied, and that it was good to have been there. TU TU.





There are plenty of new houses going up in Grouse valley.

Dexter is improving rapidly, and the farmers are following suit.

Messrs. Service and Merydith have started their threshing machine again. They have about 2,000 bushels to thresh.

BIRTH. Mr. John D. Maurer is one of the proudest men in this section, becoming the father of a long sought for daughter.

A man was found near Cline's ford, on Grouse creek, lying by his camp fire sick, and almost ready to pass in his checks, but Dr. Wagner and L. C. Patterson took him to Mr. Cline's house and he is now doing well.

I understand that Dexter mill is under contract. Mr. Nicholson and Meagin have contracted for the mill. I hope we will have a good mill. Mr. Stump, of Winfield, has been here working on the mill. Nicholson has it rented, and I predict he will do a good business. C. Z.





Notice is hereby given that the Board of Commissioners of Cowley county, Kansas, will at their regular session in January, 1878, receive sealed proposals for the care of paupers of said county. Said proposals must specify the pice per week at which the bidder will care for said paupers, exclusive of clothing and medical treatment. Bids must be filed with the County Clerk on or before January 7th, 1878. The conract to be for the year 1878. The successful bidder must enter into an undertaking for the faithful performance of duty. The Board reserves the right to reject any and all bids.

M. G. TROUP, County Clerk.





Heavy rain Sunday night and Monday.

Mr. Thompson, of Rock, was with us last week.

W. H. Clay, of Sheridan, was in our city on Saturday.

The M. E. church was crowded last Sunday evening.

F. J. Hess, of Arkansas City, was in town Saturday last.




On Thanksgiving morning the ground was covered with snow.

Town lots are selling like hot cakes and Winfield is booming.

The work on the new brewery northeast of town is progressing.

Court convened last Monday with forty-four cases on the docket.

Captain Sibert, of Rock, was in the city Friday and Saturday last.

Turnips have sold by the wagon load upon the streets for fifteen cents.

Frank Weakley has been appointed treasurer of school district No. 87.

The cold weather has caused Young America to buckle on their skates.

The new Catholic church will be dedicated on Sunday, January 6th, 1878.

Corn sells upon the streets for twenty cents per bushel; oats, fifteen cents.

J. G. Bullene is erecting a new building on Main street, opposite the cigar factory.

Rev. Mr. Nance, of Maple City, has been holding a series of meetings in Sheridan.

Mr. H. Jochem informs us that he will in a few days receive another carload of stoves.

Mr. Gerry, lately from Iowa, will soon move into his residence lately erected east of town.

Mr. Earnest is now to be found in the new grocery store in the Broterton & Silver building.

Mr. G. [? O. ?] H. Crippen removed his family and household goods to his new brick residence last week.

Elder E. E. Harvey, of Eldorado, has been having a successful revival in Pleasant Valley township.

We are under obligations to the Giles Bros. for a copy of the Louisville, Kentucky, Courier-Journal.

The new addition to Harter & Hill's livery barn is 42 feet long instead of 30 feet, as stated last week.

The question for debate at No. 21, this week is, Resolved, That a gun is of more use to a man than a dog.



See the new card of H. Thompson in another column. Mr. Thompson is a first-class stonemason and bricklayer.


Stone Mason and Plasterer.

Does work in his line according to contract, and guarantees satisfaction or no pay.


Mr. Ehret has caused the walls and ceiling of the Nations' saloon to be kalsomined and the bar to be repainted.

The tall form of S. S. Moore, of Tisdale, was seen on our streets last week. S. S. looks well after his trip to the Hills.


Wirt W. Walton came down from Topeka on Monday to attend court. He is a witness in two important cases.


A man in this place owns two teams and freights from here to Wichita. He drives one team, and his wife drives the other.


Mrs. Dillingham is occupying the residence building recently erected on Ninth Avenue, west of Main street, by Jas. Allen.


G. W. Hunt has erected a new building on Ninth avenue, two doors east of J. E. Allen's law office, and has moved his tailor shop thereto.


Hotel arrivals (transient) in this city, for the week ending Wednesday noon, December 5th, 1877, number as follows: Central Hotel, 54; Anderson House, 45.


Mr. W. H. Garrett, of Wichita, who resided in this city until about a year and a half ago, returned for a few weeks visit one day last week. We were happy to see him.


A fair crowd turned out to hear the Thanksgiving sermon by Rev. Mr. Rusbridge. The music was well rendered, the sermon was excellent, but what cold feet we all had!


Four cigar makers of the Cowley County Cigar Factory are kept busy rolling cigars day and night now. Mr. Birnbaum receives orders from all parts of the State for his cigars.



'Squire Curns has resigned the judicial ermine in favor of G. H. Buckman, J. P. elect. If anyone wants any marrying done, let him call on Buckman, as he knows how it is himself.


On the 30th day of November some of our ice gatherers commenced putting up ice. This is earlier than ever before. However, the ice has now all disappeared from the creeks and ponds.


The guests of the Anderson House have plenty of fun of evenings. One of the guests, Mr. W. H. Hudson, is a mesmerizer, and affords amusement by mesmerizing the boys and waiter girls.


Will Hudson & Bro. have filled their store cases chuck full of jewelry, silverware, and watches. It is the larges stock of jewelry ever brought to this city, from which any man, woman, or child can select anything they may desire for their own use or for holiday presents.


We were pleased to meet Mr. A. Hartenbower, of Butler county, brother-in-law of J. E. Allen, of this city, last Sunday. Mr. Hartenbower and a younger brother are two of Butler county's extensive cattle dealers.


A family named Roberts, late of Ohio, have settled in Pleasant Valley township; and each member of the family being a musician, are giving weekly concerts at the schoolhouse in that neighborhood.


J. B. Lynn's new residence building, upon the lots on the northwest corner of Seventh Avenue and Manning streets, will be completed by the last of next week. It is a large and commodious building.


The Foults Bros. are erecting a new building between the Yankee Notion Store and the City Meat Market, on the west side of Main street, to which they will move their barber shop about the first of next week.


Two new buildings, just east of McGuire & Crippen's store, are rapidly nearing completion. One is being erected for Messrs. Brotherton & Silvers, grain and feed merchants, and the other for C. Caldwell [? thought it was Coldwell ?] & Son, lawyers.


Mr. S. Suss returned last Thursday evening from a trip to St. Louis, where he went to visit relatives and buy goods. He will have in a few days a large and well selected stock of clothing and gent's furnishing goods.


On last Friday and Saturday evenings a few of the boys and girls of this city buckled on their skates and improved the first opportunity of the season. Capt. Lowry's pond afforded good skating. The ice was about four inches thick.


Rev. F. C. Wright, of Jefferson, Ohio, has accepted the call of the Baptist church of Winfield, and will commence his labors about the 1st of March next. In the meantime the church will build a parsonage and otherwise prepare for his coming.



Jim Binner has purchased four fine oil landscape paintings which he has hung upon the wall in the Railroad saloon, besides fine engravings of the many celebrated trotting and running horses, which adds much to the appearance of the already well furnished saloon.


The Walker Bros. opened up their large stock of groceries last Saturday, on South Main street, at Hitchcock & Boyle's old stand. Their stock is new and well selected. The boys are fine appearing young men, and by calling upon them, you will be convinced of their willingness to accommodate and oblige all.


Mr. M. A. Brunson, formerly of Independence, this State, has opened up a large and well selected stock of groceries, at the sign of "Headquarters," in the building formerly occupied by Brotherton & Silver. Mr. Brunson is a pleasant and agreeable gentleman, and those patronizing him will receive the best of treatment.


It still lives. The name of our east and west road has been changed to Memphis, Kansas and Colorado Railroad. The contract has been let for the construction of sixty-six miles of the road, to-wit: from Brownsville via the coal beds to Cherokee, thence to Parsons and Neodesha. Its present objective point is Winfield.


Mrs. P. Stump has settled down in her new stone building on South Main street and is as well satisfied as can be imagined. Her business room is large, in which her large stock of millinery and ladies' furnishing goods is neatly arranged and stored away upon shelves and in show cases. She tells us that she had a splendid trade last Saturday.


Captain Lee, of Cowley county, went to Emporia last week to inquire after the narrow gauge. He found ten or twelve miles of the grade completed and ready for the ties; the abutments for the Cottonwood bridge rapidly nearing completion; a large number of ties, and a construction train at Emporia, and he reports everything as looking very favorable for the building of the road. Augusta Gazette.


Arrangements have been made by the Baptist church of Winfield with Rev. A. F. Randall, the Evangelist, of St. Louis, and M. H. Evans, singer, to hold a series of revival meetings here about the second week in January. Preparatory to this, it is earnestly hoped that all members and others interested will attend the regular weekly prayer meetings of the church on Wednesday evening of each week.



Two children about nine years old, Harry Bair and Frank Cochran, of this place, a short time since encountered a porcupine with seven young ones on the bank of the Walnut river near town. They killed five of the young ones with clubs, by which time the old one drove the boys off by shooting its quills into them. One of the animal's arrows struck Bair in the forehead and the other struck him in the neck. His mother pulled them from the flesh after he arrived home.


On last Thursday evening as pleasant and select party as ever before assembled in Southern Kansas, assembled at the Courthouse in this city. The skies were cloudless and it was a most beautiful evening, though very cold--so cold and chilly that many who were invited could not attend. Notwithstanding, there were about thirty-five couples in attendance, all of whom expressed themselves as never enjoying themselves better and as being well pleased with the party in general. At 11;30 p.m., supper was called, which was served in good style at the Williams House. At 12 o'clock the party reassembled, the musicians resumed their positions, and tripping of the "light fantastic toe" was engaged in with rare vigor. The long-to-be-remembered party concluded at half past 2 o'clock with the "Scotch Real," after which about seventy-five happy persons, two by two, reluctantly wended their way homeward, regretting that Thanksgiving parties are given but once a year. The music, furnished by the Roberts Bros. and Will Marshal, was splendid.


Noble L. Prentis, late editor of the Topeka Commonwealth, has returned from Europe and is delivering his lecture on "The Old Country," to crowded houses in the northern part of the State. One who has heard it says it is the richest, rarest, funniest, and most interesting lecture he ever heard. It is equal to Bayard Taylor for "description," and Mark Twain for downright "fun." From the "love-sick couple at sea" to the top of Mt. Blanc, the brilliant Prentis takes you with him, and you see what he saw and enjoy what he enjoyed--a three months' trip through England, Ireland, Scotland, and France. It is to be hoped that our lecture organization in this city will secure him for an evening immediately.




In conversation with Mr. Kimball, the attorney from the east, at Topeka recently, he informed us that the company has been reorganized and that it is now known as the St. Louis, Kansas and Colorado Railroad Company. We learned from him that the new company has made a contract with Greene, Bennett & Co. for the construction of the road from Brownsville, on the Atlantic and Pacific R. R., to Parsons, a distance of forty miles, by the first of May next. This is one of the strongest construction companies in the United States. Mr. Greene, the leading spirit of the firm, has built over 2,000 miles of railroad, and he is now president of a company that owns and operates more than 700 miles of road. He also has very extensive mining interests in Colorado. His home is at Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Mr. Kimball thinks the road will certainly be built according to contract. He says that as soon as it is constructed to Parsons, another proposition will be submitted to the people of this county. He informs us that no attempt will be made to secure the bonds heretofore voted, but that the old company will pass resolutions admitting their forfeiture and releasing the county from all liability in relation to them, a copy of which release will be filed with our county clerk.





RANDALL. On Wednesday, November 14th, 1877, of typhoid pneumonia, at Central City, in the Black Hills, Dakota Territory, Mr. K. C. Randall.

The deceased was a brother of our fellow townsmen, Irvin W. Randall. He left Winfield about four years ago for Sterling, Nebraska, where he remained until last spring, when he emigrated to the Black Hills. We clip the following from the Daily Black Hills Herald.

"He came to the Black Hills but a few months since full of life and hopes of bettering his condition. He was a faithful husband, loving father, and a christian. Though he had never united with the church, he had been brought up by christian parents, who had spared no pains to give their son a classical education in his youth, and in his manhood he had never betrayed the confidence of honored parents or loved friends. With a bright intellect, a clear conception of right and wrong, he ever lived for those who loved him, for the heavens who smiled above him and await his spirit.

"The funeral was held at the residence of the Rev. David Ogden, father-in-law of deceased. Many friends and acquaintances were present to weep with the widow and mourning friends in their sad affliction.

"The funeral discourse was delivered from 1st Corinthians, 15th chapter, 55th verse. After the discourse an intimate friend of the deceased, Mr. R. Ellis, made a few brief and touching remarks relative to deceased, and of a happy meeting beyond the river of death. The funeral procession then proceeded to the burial ground at Deadwood, where the deceased was laid to rest."





HOSTETTER - SMITH. At the residence of the bride, on Wednesday, the 18th ult., Mr. Wm. P. Hostetter to Mrs. Sarah E. Smith. All of Pleasant Valley township.


WYETT - McGUIRE. At the residence of the bride's parents in Maple township, on the 21st ult., by Wm. P. Norman, J. P.,

J. D. Wyett to Miss Margaret McGuire, of this township and county.




Resumption and Remonetization.

The message appears to have had the effect, that immediately on its delivery, gold fell from three to two and one-half percent premium.

On the subjects of consumption and remonetization, it gave no uncertain sound. It was decidedly opposed to any measure that would delay resumption of specie payments, and equally opposed to any law which will authorize the payment of the government indebtedness in any currency worth less than gold coin. It is also decidedly against making silver a legal tender for any large amounts unless the gold and silver coinage shall be first equalized so that the dollar of the one shall approximate very nearly the commercial value of the other.

It now seems quite evident that the resumption act will not be repealed this session and that resumption will be an accomplished fact before another congress can interfere. It also appears that silver dollars of 4122 grains will not be made a full legal tender. So the fluctuations and disturbances in business circles on account of the threatened reappeals will be practically settled and business assume a more confident and vigorous tone.






This year will be noted for the great mortality among the savings banks of the country. There have been perhaps less than the usual number of failures among national and private banks. Several national banks have closed business and gone into liquidation not because they were in failing condition, but because of large accumulations in the bank of cash assets which could not be profitably loaned or invested; therefore, making the continuance of the business a losing operation.

The few private banks that have failed have been such as never had much capital and were running almost entirely on confidence. It is to be expected that such banks will fail whenever the operators have got into such a condition that their capital and public confidence becomes impaired; and when they fail, their depositors will suffer loss of course.

The system of savings banks of the country has been based almost exclusively upon the idea of public confidence. They have a nominal capital which is rarely paid in, and if paid in at first, is soon withdrawn. They are usually authorized by some kind of loose legislation, by which everything is made to look fair on its face, but which in fact only enables such institutions to run without actual capital and bank exclusively on the money of their depositors. They are purely "confidence" institutions. So long as times are "flush," they run finely, but the moment depositors begin to draw down their balances below the usual aggregate, the bank must suspend. It is then that the officers, having nothing to gain or save by showing a good balance sheeet, and being about to be thrown out of business, are tempted to grab what they can and leave for parts unknown.

The experience of the past should warn everyone not to deposit with such institutions. All should learn that such finely sounding names as are applied to these banks are but the clap-trap tried everywhere by "confidence" men to gull the unwary.

What, we ask, has ever been the need of any such institutions? Wherever there has been a demand for banks of deposit, there have usually appeared persons or banks with real capital, owned by men who must lose their capital by a failure; by men whose interest is entirely on the side of continuance in their business; men whose failure would be a heavy and almost fatal loss to themselves, and not to the public. Such banks are safe as a rule. Of course, some such bankers may be loose and extravagant men, and may manage very imprudently, but their customers can easily learn of these faults and act accordingly.

Put not your trust in savings banks.






The price of corn has advanced to twenty-five cents and commands ready sale.

We are going to have a bridge over the Walnut, at least it will be completed by the 10th of January next.

Carpenters are busy now. Something unsual for we'uns, but nevertheless we can stand it. Bring on another carpenter.

A select hop at the Central avenue, last Friday evening, was well enjoyed, so we understand, by those who participated in it.

Lippmann's mill is kept running on full time now, and can hardly supply the demand for lumber. Bring on another mill, we can use it.

A new storeroom is being built, between Benedict Bros. and Gardners, by Dr. Sheppard. There are a number of applicants for it, but who the lucky person is we have not heard.

Hardly a day passes but what we hear the remark, "What a good school we are having this winter." Ed is working hard to make it one of the best ever held here, and I think he will do it.

Some of our boys are getting desperate, and if they continue as they are doing, they will, no doubt, have occasion to visit the probate judge, soon. Keep it up, boys, it will make a good item.

Judge Gans, assisted by one or two officers, has been holding a series of meetings at Parker's schoolhouse, east of the Walnut. We learn that some fifteen or twenty have been baptized and signified a desire to depart from the evil of their ways.

Steamboating is the order of the day again. A man, calling himself Bacon, agrees to bring a steamboat up the Arkansas for the modest sum of one thousand dollars, payable when he arrives at our dock. Our people are not quite as anxious for a steamboat ride as they were a year or two ago.



The concert given by the First Presbyterian Sunday school proved a decided success, and was enjoyed by all who were fortunate enough to secure seats. The exercises were quite interesting and well delivered. The little folks, especially, deserve great credit for prompt responses. Another one is pronounced soon.


There is a great amount of building being done throughout this section of the county at present. A number of Boltonites have forsaken their claim shanties for more comfortable and commodious dwellings, and I notice they are improving their out buildings as well, putting up granaries, barns, etc., and making other general improvements which are necessary.


Rev. Swarts met with quite a severe accident last Sunday evening, being thrown quite violently from the wagon and striking upon the back of his head, causing him to remain unconscious for some time. It was feared at first that it might result seriously, but, fortunately, only a severe shock and a few bruises was the result.






Wichita has got the Murphy movement "bad."


More new buildings since our last. Never since its location, has Wellington grown as rapidly as during the past half year. Press.


The railroad committee met last Saturday and completed the draft of a petition asking for an election on the proposition submitted by the A., T. & S. F. railroad company. Press.


Judge Campbell made a Murphy speech at Wichita, in which he offered to sign the pledge, was opposed to licensing saloons, or having any license money paid into the public treasury.


The Independent man over at the ferry crossing called Oxford, has become a Murphyite, and signed the pledge never to drink intoxicating liquors again. He squirts it down with a syringe now.





In Mexico various bodies of Mexican troops are marching toward the Rio Grande.


Orders have been issued sending troops to the Rio Grande to secure the people against raiding parties from Mexico.


The fourth cavalry, from the Indian Territory, and the twentieth infantry, from Dakota, have been ordered to the Rio Grande.


Companies J, E, S, and M, of the seventh cavalry, 184 men, are ordered from Fort Lincoln to Deadwood. Deadwood is reported to be completely invested by Indians. Infantry from Standing Rock and Ft. Snelling will join in the march.


Gen. Ord testified before the committee on military affairs recently. He stated that the Mexican people and authorities on the lower Rio Grande were in sympathy with the raiders, and that there was not sufficient troops under his command to guard the frontier and pursue and punish the raiders as his orders required him to do.


In the senate, on December 6th, the house bill for the remonetization of silver coin was made the special order for the 11th.









No movement either religious or moral or political has ever stired Wyandott, Kan., as the present temperance movement and created such enthusiasm. It is the theme of conversation on the streets, in the business houses, in the home circle, and about the first thing after the morning's salutation is, "How is the temperance movement?"





There is a house in town occupied by hogs, horses, cows, and people.

A vocal music club will be organized next week, with Prof. Farringer as instructor.

G. H. Crippen will soon have his new block dwelling completed. Billy Parker is doing the inside painting. Mr. Crippen knows good work.

Hotel arrivals (transient) in this city, for the week ending Wednesday noon, December 12th, 187, number as follows: Central, 65; Anderson 39.

Judge Caldwell has lost a very valuable black and tan terrior. The person returning the same to the owner will be rewarded, and no questions asked.

Mr. J. Silverman, who has been clerking in Mr. Suss' clothing house since he arrived in Winfield, some four months ago, left for his home in St. Louis last Wednesday morning.



On last Tuesday morning, Messrs. L. J. Webb, Jay Page, Bert Crapster, and others whose names we have not learned, started for a grand hunt in the Indian Territory. They will return next Saturday.

McCommon & Harter have just received a complete stock of paints, oils, and varnishes; also school books and new goods for the holidays. They will be found at the corner drug store, opposite the post office.

Prof. Farringer is building a fine residence and music house on south Main street. As soon as the building is completed, the Professor will put in a good stock of all kinds of musical instruments, music books, and sheet music.

Mr. Cromer, who has been canvassing Cowley county for the past four or five weeks in the interest of an Ohio nursery company, informs us that there are plenty of deer in the Grouse valley--not a day passes but that from one to a half dozen are seen.

Prof. T. J. Jones is doing a rushing business. He swings his paint brush day and night now. The Professor is a good painter and paper hanger as his work shows.

Major & Vance, of the Central hotel, are having a big run now. The house if full every day and night. They have recently put another table in their dining room, making in all, five large well furnished tables. The silver and table ware are the best the market affords.

Charley Williams, the colored man, who plead guilty of horse stealing at the late term of court, was sentenced to one year's imprisonment in the state penitentiary. Sheriff Walker started on Tuesday morning for Leavenworth with the said Williams. Dick will return in a few days.

J. P. Short has leased ground on Ninth Avenue to Weston & Hyskill, who are erecting a hardware and stove store. He is also putting up a building adjoining, which will be occupied by Col. McMullen's bank. This makes six new business buildings that have gone up on that street within the last thirty days.

The new M. E. church is lighted by the latest style Rigby & Pryor lamps. A brass pipe, about an inch and a half in diameter, suspended from the ceiling by four rods, passes through the center of the building, upon which, about four feet apart, are a number of lamps, which illuminate the building as well as gas.

We were happy to receive a call last Saturday evening from Mr. Chas. H. Payson, fron Pontiac, Livingston county, Illinois. Mr. Payson comes to Winfield with the intention of remaining permanently and comes highly recommended both as a gentleman and an attorney. He has taken an office in Maris' new corner stone building, room No. 4.




L. H. Hope has completed his new store building, adjoining Jackson's restaurant, in which he puts the largest stock of jewelry, watches, clocks, and silverware this side of Kansas City or Leavenworth. Their stock is well selected, consisting of both solid and plated goods, and is neatly and tastefully arranged in the show window and cases. Mr. Hope is recommended to us, by parties who have known him for years, as being a first-class watchmaker, jeweler, engraver, and stencil cutter. We bespeak his success. See his "ad."


Watchmaker, Jeweler, Engraver, and Stencil Cutter.

I am now opening the Largest Jewelry establishment, outside of Kansas City or Leavenworth, in the State, and am located in Winfield to stay.

Watches, Clocks, Jewelry,

Solid Silver and Plated Ware,

Spectacles and Table Cutlery,

all in large Stock and Great Variety.

Watch, Clock, and Jewelry Repairing a specialty, and all work warranted. Goods sold at Kansas City Prices. Goods bought of me will be engraved free of charge. A share of your patronage is respectfully solicited.

Store Next Door to Jackson's Restaurant,






Winfield Socially.

The coming winter bids fair to be the most pleasant, socially, that Winfieldians have ever experienced. Many changes have taken place in the circle of young folks since the good old frontier days. New and attractive young ladies and gentlemen have settled amongst us, giving to Winfield an air of city life and gaiety when they meet "in convention assembled." The recent Thanksgiving ball was followed so closely by Miss Kate Millington's "dancing party," and both so largely attended, that the indications are that those "who look for pleasure can hope to find it here" this winter. The last mentioned party, to use a stereotyped expression, was a "brilliant success." Probably of all the gay and charming gatherings that have "tripped the fantastic," etc., in our city, this was the most pleasant. The music was excellent, the refreshments good, and the polite and attentive demeanor of the fair hostess most agreeable.

The following persons were fortunate enough to be present at this party: Judge W. P. Campbell, of Wichita; W. W. Walton, of Topeka; Herman Kiper, of Atchison; Fred C. Hunt, W. C. Walker, Bert Crapster, Ed. P. Greer, Charley Harter, J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. J. Holloway, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Green, Mr. and Mrs. Virgil Harter, Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Baird, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Earnest, Mr. and Mrs. James Kelly, Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Thompson, Miss Ina Daniels, S. Suss, Josephine E. Mansfield, G. E. Walker, Mary McGaughy, M. B. Wallis, Fannie Wallis, Wilbur Dever, Maggie J. Dever, W. C. Root, Jennie Hahe [? Hahn ?], W. Gillellen, Mattie Caldwell, J. N. Harter, Carrie Olds, T. C. Copeland, Katie McGaughy, O. M. Seward, Nora Caldwell, Dr. Strong, Amie Bartlett.

Of course, they one and all enjoyed themselves; wished the occasion might be often repeated, and voted (in their minds at least) Miss Kate to be the most "social campaign organizer" in the city.




The people of Winfield were surprised and startled last Saturday evening. Many were the questions asked, loud and strong were the cries of "circus!" "circus!" by the small boys, and great was the excitement. About 6:30 o'clock p.m., a wagon, loaded with a dozen or more happy boys and drawn by four fine horses, was driven upon Main street from 7th avenue. The street was brightly illuminated by the lanterns held in the hands of the boys and suspended from the wagon box. When opposite Mr. Lacy's residence, time was called, and as they passed on down Main street they favored the wondering people with the familiar piece of music, "The merriest girl that's out." They then passed up one street and down another furnishing free music to the citizens of Winfield for about two hours; and landing at the Central hotel about half-past eight o'clock, called for supper for the Oxford Silver Cornet Band, eleven in number. After partaking of a good supper, they again started out and serenaded each and every business house in the city, besides calling at several private houses. The boys have good strong lungs and make good music. Drop us a line previous to your next coming, boys.


On Friday night, November 16th, a meeting was commenced at Parker's schoolhouse, a few miles east of Arkansas City, through the efforts of a few members of the Christian church in that vicinity, having obtained the services of Elder E. E. Harvey, of Eldorado, Butler county. On Saturday, the 24th, a church with fourteen members was organized, choosing S. B. Adams, elder, and T. L. Brown and C. M. Henshaw, deacons. The meeting closed on Sunday night, December 2nd, leaving a church of thirty-seven members. Quite an interest was manifested during the meeting, and though the frequent rains and exceedingly dark nights seemed to forbid it, the house was crowded to its utmost capacity to the close.

J. J.




Last Saturday evening three of Winfield's young men attended a literary entertainment at the Excelsior schoolhouse, about three miles south of town. While in the schoolhouse witnessing very attentively to the interesting excercises, some wretched boys, of that neighborhood, not small boys, either, who lacked the training they should have had in their youth, sneaked outside and turned the young gentlemen's horses loose and started them on the run toward town. The consequence was that the young gentlemen were compelled to "foot it" home and wade the Walnut river. This was a little the meanest trick we have heard of for some time.


Two Winfield boys went hunting one day last week. When they returned home in the evening, they figured up to see how much they made. Their account stood like this:

Hired two guns: $1.00

6 lbs. shot: .75

1 lb. powder: .50

2 boxes wads: .70

2 boxes caps: .20

Dinner at farm house: .50

Broke one ramrod: .50

Blew one tube out: .15

Hired a man to take us home: 1.00

Total Indebtedness: $5.30

Hit one rabbit: $ .75

Almost shot a goose: 1.50

Saw seventy-five ducks: 1.85

1 quail (claimed by each), to balance 1.20

Total credit: $5.30




We are informed that several young men from the north part of Winfield township and the south part of Rock township started for the Indian Territory last Tuesday with a view of locating claims. Some "galloot" informed them that the Territory would soon be admitted as a State. We understand their intentions are to remain and pre-empt a quarter section of land as soon as it is admitted. We hope they have provisions to last them.


Mr. J. T. Weston, late of Creston, Iowa, has been stopping for a few weeks in our city, and has decided to permanently locate among us. He is building a business house on 9th avenue, just east of McCommon & Harter's drug store, in which he intends engaging in the stove and tinware business. Mr. Weston is a good workman and will give general satisfaction.


MR. EDITOR: The question for debate at No. 21 for December 21st is: "Resolved, That free trade is beneficial to the United States." A cordial invitation is extended the Winfield debaters to participate in the discussion.

W. L. BURTON, Pres.






Court Items.

Court convened on the 3rd inst., with an unusually small docket. Forty-three cases composed the term's work. The criminal business was exceedingly light, there being but two or three cases for trail.

The Negro horse thief, Chas. Williams, charged with grand larceny, plead guilty, and was given the mildest punishment prescribed by law, one year's hard labor in the penitentiary. The jury was only used in two cases.

Among the most important cases were the following.

Green vs. Requa, in which Green sought to recover $71 as a balance due on an account for legal services. The services were performed by L. J. Webb, and the account was assigned by Webb to Green. Mr. Webb had received $429 and claimed there was still $71 due him. The jury gave verdict in favor of Mrs. Requa, but a motion was made for a new trial, which was granted, and the verdict was set aside.

The cases of Dawson vs. Funk and Dawson vs. Brown, involving the title to about five acres of land, which Dawson claimed under a line, as he supposed, established by the government surveyor. Funk and Brown claimed the same land under a survey made by the county surveyor, Walton, and denied that the corner claimed by Dawson was the government corner. The land in dispute is worth probably $50; the costs in both cases is approximately $500. The court gave judgment in favor of Funk and Brown and established the line on the Walton survey. It is quite probable the case will go to the supreme court.

The case of Wilson vs. County Commissioners was brought for damages claimed by Wilson to be sustained from the fact that a road was laid out through his farm. The road viewers assessed Wilson's damages at $20, but the court raised them to $640. Pretty dear road for the county.

The case of Newlin vs. R. L. Walker, sheriff, involved the question of the validity of an assignment made by A. A. Estlin to Newlin, as assignee, for the benefit of his creditors. Walker held part of the goods assigned under an attachment. The court held the assignment good and gave judgment in favor of Newlin. It will doubtless go to the supreme court.

The case of Tout vs. Headrick Adair was brought to recover back purchase money for land, sold by Headrick to Tout, on the ground the title had failed. Headrick had pre-empted the land as administrator for the benefit of the heirs and then sold it, under an order of the probate court for expenses of administration. The court held that the land belonged to the heirs and was not subject to the claims for which it was sold and gave judgment against Headrick.

The case of Gross vs. Funk was a foreclosure suit. Gross had purchased the note before due, and a plea of usury was put in. The court held that it makes no difference when a note is secured, whether it is assigned before due or not, so far as usury is concerned. Appealed to the supreme court.

Court adjourned on Saturday.






The suggestion made by the COURIER last week in reference to securing Noble L. Prentis to deliver his lecture on "The Old Country" before a Winfield audience has met with hearty approval by the "Winfield Institute." The institute has made all the arrangements to have him Friday evening, December 21st, without fail, at which time our people will have the pleasure of hearing a most interesting recital of his impressions of our mother country. There will be enough fun in it to keep the audience awake, we assure them, and genuine description, notes of travel, and "impressions" to keep them thinking long after Prentis is gone.





Winfield Institute Library.

The citizens of Winfield are respectfully informed that Noble L. Prentis, Esq., of Topeka, has been engaged to deliver his highly interesting lecture, "The Old Country," in the M. E. Church, the use of which has been kindly granted for the occasion, on Friday evening, Dec. 21st. Admission, 40 cents; two tickets, 75 cents; Reserved seats, 50 cents. Doors open at 7 o'clock, lecture to commence at 8.





MR. EDITOR: The Rev. James P. Henderson, of the Free Baptist church, commenced a protracted meeting about the middle of November at the King schoolhouse, which continued three weeks, preaching every night. On Sunday, December 2nd, a Free Baptist church was organized with a membership of thirteen and eleven candidates for baptism. On the Saturday following the first covenant meeting was held at which time six more united. We then went to where there was a sufficient quantity of water and buried with Christ in baptism fifteen happy converts. On the following day five more united; so now our present number is thirty-six, and still there is more to follow, for which we thank God and take courage. The name of our church is Science Valley.




STOUT - RUNYAN. On the 2nd inst., by P. W. Smith, J. P., at his residence, Mr. William M. Stout and Miss Dora S. Runyan. All of Ninnescah township, this county.


Public sale of farming implements, stock, and blacksmith tools, on Thursday, Dec. 20th. Nine months time given on sums over $5. Twenty percent per annum off for cash.


2 miles southeast of Winfield.



All persons indebted to the undersigned firm are requested to call and settle at once and thereby save further trouble and costs. We cannot wait for our money longer than Christmas. We must have a settlement either by cash or note. We mean business.




To all whom it may concern. I hereby give notice that I will neither ratify, nor in any way be responsible, for any building or other contracts made by G. C. Lilly and L. W. Spach, or either of them.


Dated Dec. 12, 1877.




$10 Reward.

The undersigned, on Sunday, Dec. 9, 1877, between Winfield and E. B. Johnston's residence, via C. S. Smith's, in Vernon township, Cowley county, Kansas, lost a small white envelope containing $68.00 in currency. The following address was written upon the envelope: "E. R. Evans, Winfield, Kans." I will pay the above reward for the return of the same.


Winfield, Kansas.


Prof. C. Farringer,

Teacher of vocal and instrumental music, director of choirs and singing societies, has now permanently located in Winfield and is ready to teach singing schools, societies, and give lessons on the Piano, Organ, Violin, Guitar, Flute, and in vocal culture, in Winfield, Oxford, and Arkansas City, and on the roads leading to these places. Pianos and organs tuned and repaired at reasonable rates. Orders left at his residence (house formerly occupied by Dr. Andrews), or Dr. Mansfield's drug store, will be promptly attended to. Call on Mrs. Farringer for pianos, organs, instruction books, etc. A good assortment constantly on hand.






New Grocery and Queensware house at Brotherton & Silver's old stand.


Our Best, only found at Bliss & Co.'s.


Mater, Miller & Co., at the stone blacksmith shop, on South Main street, do blacksmith, horseshoeing, and wagon work in first-class style, and always warrant satisfaction.






Teachers' Directory.

Geo. W. Robinson, Dist. No. 1, Winfield.

Miss Emma Saint, Dist. No. 1, Winfield.

Miss Ella Wickersham, Dist. No. 1, Winfield.

Miss Mary Bryant, Dist. No. 1, Winfield.

Miss Mina C. Johnson, Dist. No. 13, Winfield. [CHANGE IN DIST.]

E. R. Thompson, Dist. No. 2, Ark. City.

Miss M. L. Ela [? Eta ?], Dist. No. 2, Ark. City.

Mrs. T. M. Theaker, Dist. No. 2, Ark. City.

J. F. Hess, Dist. No. 42, Ark. City.

C. Swarts, Dist. No. 10, Ark. City.

Mrs. R. Stauffer, Dist. No. 53, Ark. City.

C. C. Holland, Dist. No. 89, Ark. City.

Miss Lizzie Landis, Dist. No. 80, Ark. City.

J. O. Wilkinson, Dist. No. 62, Ark. City.

H. T. Albert, Dist. No. 15, Lazette.

R. L. Tucker, Dist. No. 14, Lazette.

J. K. P. Tull, Dist. No. 94, Lazette. [CHANGE IN DIST.]

M. Hemenway. Dist. No. 78, Lazette.

Miss Kate Fitzgerald, Dist. No. 30, Lazette.

R. B. Carson, Dist. No. 26, Little Dutch.

J. Rupp, Dist. No. 48, Winfield.

Miss S. E. Davis, Dist. No. 49, Winfield.

Mrs. Ida Brown, Dist. No. 52, N. Salem.

H. R. Attwater, Dist. No. 84, Cedarvale.

Miss N. P. Seacord, Dist. No. 66, Cedarvale.

Miss Celia Taplin, Dist. No. 107, Dexter. [CHANGE IN NAME]

T. H. Aley, Dist. No. 5, Dexter.

T. J. Rude, Dist. No. 7, Dexter.

Eugene Millard, Dist. No. 46, Tisdale.

O. S. Record, Dist. No. 86, Maple City.

Miss S. Hollingsworth, Dist. No. 74, Polo.

Porter Wilson, Dist. No. 114, Red Bud.

H. S. Rush, Dist. No. 72, Red Bud.

C. Eagin, Dist. No. 29, Rock.

Miss Matt Minnehan, Dist. No. 29, Rock.

Miss Lena Bartlett, Dist. No. 37, Winfield.

Miss Ella Davis, Dist. No. 97, Winfield.

Miss Ella C. Scott, Dist. No. 39, Winfield.

Miss Fannie Pontious, Dist. No. 55, Winfield.

Frank Starwalt, Dist. No. 48, Winfield.

Miss Mary Pontious, Dist. No. 20, Winfield.

Miss Emma Burden, Dist. No. 95, Lazette. [CHANGE IN DIST.]



Miss Kate Ward, Dist. No. 56, Dexter.

Miss Dora Winslow, Dist. No. 36, Ark. City.

Miss Mary Pickett, Dist. No. 59, Ark. City.

Miss Lillie Kennedy, Dist. No. 34, Ark. City.

Miss Gertrude Davis, Dist. No. 40, Winfield.

Miss Alice Aldrich, Dist. No. 45, Winfield.

Mr. A. B. Taylor, Dist. No. 21, Winfield.

Mr. W. J. Stover, Dist. No. 63, Cedarvale.

Miss Sallie Leavering, Dist. No. 77, Winfield.

Miss Sarah Hodges, Dist. No. 19, Winfield.

Miss Ray Nawman, Dist. No. 106, Winfield.

Miss Mag. Stansbery, Dist. No. 108, Winfield.

Miss Allie Klingman, Dist. No. 50, Winfield.

Mrs. B. Seibert, Dist. No. 81, Winfield.

Geo. W. Rhodes, Dist. No. 41, Winfield.

B. W. Rutherford, Dist. No. 44, Winfield.

J. D. Hunt, Dist. No. 31, Winfield.

M. H. Markcum, Dist. No. 4, Winfield.

E. M. Snow, Dist. No. 9, Winfield.

R. B. Overman, Dist. No. 47, Tisdale.

J. D. Rude, Dist. No. 7, Dexter.

Miss Veva Walton, Dist. No. 111, Dexter.

Miss Alpha Hardin, Dist. No. 88, Dexter.

A. F. Overman, Dist. No. 54, Dexter.

J. T. Tarbert, Dist. No. 11, Ninnescah.

J. N. Crawford, Dist. No. 3, Littleton.

Miss Allice Pyburn, Dist. No. 60, Rock. [THEY HAD "ALLICE"]

E. F. Gard, Dist. No. 24, Rock.

J. C. Page, Dist. No. 25, Darien.

Granville Huff, Dist. No. 83, Cedarvale.

Martha Thompson, Dist. No. 70, Cedarvale.

B. F. Maricle, Dist. No. 32, Ark. City.

Miss Lussetta Pyburn, Dist. No. 6, Ark. City.

Miss Kate Hawkins, Dist. No. 33, Ark. City.

N. N. Winton, Dist. No. 65, Ark. City.

Miss Sarah Bovee, Dist. No. 22, Floral.

Miss Amy Robertson, Dist. No. 105, Floral.

W. E. Ketchum, Dist. No. 85, Maple City.

M. L. Smith, Dist. No. 18, Lazette.

Teachers, if your names are not in the above list, notify the county superintendent of the fact, giving him number of district in which you teach, and the list will be corrected.






School District Reports.



District 26 29 24

District 89 17 16



District 1 249 185

District 21 29 21

District 26 42 29

District 39 31 29

District 42 18 13

District 48 20 14

District 52 22 16

District 66 37 19

District 86 30 20

District 107 17 12




Decisions by the State Superintendent.

1. Temporary absence of a school officer from the district does not work a forfeiture of his office unless on account of that absence he shall be unable to discharge his official duties. If on account of his absence, the district shall be unable to discharge is official duties. If on account of his absence, the district should be put to great inconvenience, and its business be neglected, the county superintendent should consider the office vacant, and on a position of a majority of the legal voters (both male and female) of the district as provided in Art. 2, Sec. 11, page 12, of school laws, appoint some suitable person to the place.

2. Contracts of every kind, made between the board of directors of a school district and one of their number, being contrary to public policy, are illegal, and if not void, at least voidable. Such contracts should never be made. If either member of the board desires to teach the common school of the district, furnish fuel, furnish materials for the construction of the school house, or do any kind of work for the district for which he is to receive compensation, he should resign his office, and after the appointment of his successor, make his contract with the new board.

3. If a person agrees to teach a district school for a certain sum per month and hire an assistant to take charge of a part of the classes, must that assistant hold a teacher's certificate? The law does not authorize a district board to make a contract with one teacher for the services of another. All such contracts are illegal and void.

4. The law requires the State board of education to hold a meeting at Topeka on the fourth Monday of August for the examination of candidates for state certificates. They may hold examinations "at such other times and places as may by them be deemed necessary."

5. A teacher's certificate to be valid must be issued in strict compliance with law. County examiners are not authorized to issue certificates on private examinations.

6. The officers of a school district constitute the board of directors in such a sense as to be able to transact the school business of the district only when in session as a district board.

7. A school warrant signed by the individual members of a district board at different times and places is not valid, unless its issue was previously ordered by the board in session. Such a warrant may be made valid after having been issued by future action of the board.






Business in State and Federal Courts promptly attended to.

Collections made and Legal Interest carefully computed.


Office: Room No. 4, Maris' stone building, corner Main Street and 9th Avenue, Winfield, Kansas.



.....Interesting sidenote! In Dec. 20, 1877, issue.

Louisiana State Lottery.

The half-million drawing of the Louisiana state lottery took place at the Academy of Music, New Orleans, last Monday, in the presence of a large audience, under the supervision of Generals Beauregard and Early. The following numbers drew the principal prizes: 79,620 drew $100,000; 17,318 drew $50,000; 62,850 drew $20,000; 20,608 drew $10,000; 63,155 drew $10,050; and numbers 55,648, 23,717, 16,276, and 4,657 drew $50.00.






St. Louis was recently so sure of a war with Mexico that an office was opened in that village to enlist troops for the war.


The horse-shoe fall at Niagara is a horse-shoe no longer. An immense portion of rock recently fell in the depth of the bend, and leaves the shape nearly that of a right angle.


The prospect of passing the silver bill has been advancing of late, and so has the price of gold. Last quotation:



In the Utah legislature there are only two members that have but one wife. All the other thirty-nine are doubly blessed in this respect, and some of them are considerably more than twice blessed.


The amount of fractional currency now in actual use is believed to be not more than $3,000,000. The amount lost is calculated by the redemption to be not less than $15,000,000, instead of $8,000,000, as estimated originally by Treasury officials.





It has been said that the sentiments expressed by President Hayes in his annual message, in relation to resumption and remonetization, will meet with neither sympathy nor support in the West. It is assumed by some of the leading journals, both republican and democratic, that the people of Kansas almost unanimously desire that no steps shall be taken toward the resumption of specie payments; that the resumption act shall be unconditionally repealed, and that silver coin shall be made a legal tender for all debts, both public and private. It cannot be denied that such are the sentiments of many of the people of this state and of the West, that some newspapers advocate such views; that our members of congress, believing that a majority of their constituents hold such opinions, support the bills before the house to repeal the resumption act and to remonetize silver, because of that belief. But it may be seriously questioned whether it is a fact that they are really representing the views of a majority of their constituents, or even of a respectable minority.

Within the past few weeks we have taken much pains to ascertain from such persons as we have met, their views on these questions, and have almost invariably been answered to the effect, that they are in favor of specie resumption, but are not in favor of retiring greenbacks from circulation; that they would have them redeemed on demand, then reissued, and kept in circulation; that they want only that part of the resumption act repealed which provides for retiring and destroying the greenbacks; that all debts should be paid in such money as was promised when the debt was contraacted, if gold coin was promised, just such coin as was then meant or its equivalent in commercial value should be paid; if nothing but legal tender was promised, anything which was then legal tender or its equivalent should pay the debt; that it would not be honest to require a creditor to take less value than the coin promised or to compel a debtor to pay more value than the cheapest coin that would have answered the contract when the promise was made; that they are in favor of remonetization so far that the same coin which was a legal tender for the payment of a debt when it was contracted shall always be a legal tender to pay that debt; that if both silver and gold coin are to be legal tender there should be such an equalization that the commercial value of the silver dollar shall be equal to that of the gold dollar.

Some of these men believed that the resumption act requires the destruction of all the greenback currency, and for that reason did not like it and called themselves greenbackers, but held to the views above expressed, as did nearly all we interviewed.

We found some very few who held that an act of congress could make one metal worth as much as another, pound for pound; that whatever congress should name a dollar would be worth as much as any other dollar; and we found two persons who held that it did not make any difference whether the debtor agreed to pay in gold coin or not, the government had a right to make anything a legal tender and compel creditors to take that or nothing.

We imagine that more than three-fourths of the journals of the state, and a like proportion of the people, hold the views that most of those we have conversed with have expressed. We believe that a majority throughout the West hold the same opinions.

Now, we undertake to say that these are precisely the views presented in the message to which the president desires to give the force and form of law, and we challenge anyone to read the message carefully and point out the sentence inconsistent with them.

The people are undoubtedly with the president, notwithstanding the howling of demagogues about greenbacks and bond-holders and the "dollar of the daddies." The people are honest and want an honest government, an honest currency. Our members have placed too low an estimate upon the masses, and have gone astray. Let them return and support the president in his financial views and thus please their constituents.





We give herewith the bill recently introduced into the house of representatives by Congressman Ryan. It is of importance to the people of Cowley county and other counties in Kansas which lie within the limits of the Osage lands. We hope it will pass both branches of congress and become a law.

Under its provisions settlers who are upon the lands at the time the bill becomes a law have three and one half years to pay for the same. This of course extends the time of those who are now settlers but have not yet paid for their land; but it very wisely compels one payment within six months after which the land is taxable. If the first or any subsequent payment is not made when due, than any person is at liberty to purchase the land, it being sold to the highest bidder for not less than $1.25 per acre. Under section 4, the settlers who have already paid for their land are given the privilege for twelve months of purchasing unoccupied land contiguous to them. This advantage is two-fold: it is a reward for prompt compliance with the law in the past and enables those settlers desiring stock ranches to secure range at a low figure. We do not understand, however, that this section withdraws the land so located from sale to persons who may wish to settle upon and improve the same. Under this same section all lands east of the 6th principal meridian (which is twelve miles west of the east line of Sumner county) fall under the provisions of the bill. This will probably result in adding to the tax-rolls of the counties of Sedgwick, Sumner, Butler, Cowley, Greenwood, Elk, Chautauqua, Montgomery, and Wilson several hundred thousand acres of land within two years after its passage. All or nearly all the land that is desirable for cultivation in this vast area has been settled upon, and only the poorer grade of land remains unoccupied.

This law is a step in the right direction and could only be improved upon by throwing this whole unoccupied territory open to homestead entry. In the face of the treaty under which the Osages quit possession of their reserve, it is impossible, we suppose, to open the lands to homestead entry.

The following is the bill in question.


SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all persons who have entered upon and actually occupy lands within the limits of the Osage Indian trust and diminished reserve in the State of Kansas may pay one-fourth of the price of the same in six months after this act takes effect, and the remainder in three equal annual payments; but such person shall be required to comply with all laws not in conflict herewith, heretofore in force, in relation to the settlement and purchase of said lands; Provided, That nothing herein shall be construed to prevent any such person from making payment at any earlier date of the whole or any portion of the purchase money.

SECTION 2. If any such person shall fail to pay any of such installments, when the same shall be due and payable, his or her claim shall be thereby forfeited; and the lands upon which such default shall be made shall, under the direction of the secretary of the interior, be sold for cash to the highest bidder, at not less than one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, in quantities not exceeding one hundred and sixty acres to any one individual.

SECTION 3. That nothing in this act or any other law of the United States shall be so construed as to prevent said lands from being taxed under the laws of the State of Kansas, as other lands are or may be taxed in said State, from and after the time the first payment is made on said lands according to the provisions of this act.

SECTION 4. That the secretary of the Interior is hereby directed to offer for sale, for twelve months after the passage of this act, all lands unsold and not actually occupied when this act takes effect, within the limits of the said Osage Indian trust and diminished reserve lands in the State of Kansas, and lying east of the sixth principal meridian, in quantities not exceeding six hundred and forty acres to any one individual, at one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, cash, to persons residing upon and having a fee simple title to lands contiguous thereto; and all of said unoccupied lands remaining unsold at the expiration of said twelve months shall be sold, under the direction of the secretary of the Interior, for cash, to the highest bidder, at not less than one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, in quantities not exceeding six hundred and forty acres to any one person.

SECTION 5. That the secretary of the Interior shall make all rules and regulations necessary to carry into effect the provisions of this act.





Our Neighbor Mexico.

City of Mexico, December 5. The small band of Lerdoists, who had raised revolutionary banners in the state of Tamaulipas, has been crushed.

American citizens, residents of Tamaulipas, have registered for the purpose of preventing foreigner adventurers from playing the double game of reclamations.

Mexican troops continue to march to the Rio Grande. More than 1,000 cavalry are between San Luis, Potosi, and Saltillo. Others are following in the same direction. Several battalions of infantry are on the road to the same point, and 1,000 infantry and some artillery will be sent by sea from Vera Cruz to Matamoras. The troops are said to be well officered, and armed with improved guns.




Mr. Lo.

Chicago, December 15. Several Cheyenne Indian chiefs had a satisfactory consultation with General Sheridan today, in which they expressed a desire to remain with General Miles and assist him in case of Indian outbreaks in the spring. They were, however, informed that they must move to their reservation in the Indian territory early in April.



Kansas has sixty cheese factories.


Chief Joseph gets complimentary tickets to the shows of Leavenworth. [Nez Perces]


The Nez Perces at Fort Leavenworth one Sunday had three thousand visitors.


The Parsons Eclipse opposes again voting bonds to the narrow gauge railroad.


Capt. Stubblefield, formerly of Cowley county, has retired from the hotel business at Sedan.


Two carloads of U. S. troops passed down the M., K. & T. last week. The troops were destined for the Rio Grande.


In the case of George Stewart vs. Rufus B. Waite, error from Cowley county, the supreme court reversed the decision of the court below.


A Mr. Randall, living near Leon, in digging a well, struck a stream of water at a depth of twenty feet, in which fish were found from four to eight inches long.




Fighting on the Mexican Border.

Galveston, December 15. A News special reports that the

El Paso troubles have broken out anew, and fighting between the state troops and Mexicans has been going on for two days.





A Lecture Delivered Before the Kansas State Historical

Society by S. S. Prouty.


Charles Sumner had been assaulted by the ruffian Brooks in the Senate chamber of the United States, for his terrible arraignment of the Democratic party in the conduct in the "Crime against Kansas;" Lawrence had been sacked and partially destroyed by a pro-slavery mob; the oppressed freemen of Kansas were appealing to their brethren of the north for aid; Buford's band of southern desperadoes had entered Kansas with a great deal of parade and fustain; [? word that was used ?]; the north and the south were getting arrayed against each other bitterly in the struggle for the possession of Kansas, and the prophetic eye then foresaw in the contest on these plains premonitions of the great strife involving the whole nation, which shortly followed.

Such was the state of affairs early in June, 1856, when James H. Lane addressed a monster mass meeting in the courthouse square at Chicago. He was fresh from the scenes of dispute in the belligerent territory. He made a characteristic speech; teeming with invective, extravagance, impetuosity, denunciation, and eloquence. The grass on the prairie is swayed no more easily by the winds than was this vast assemblage by the utterances of this speaker. The saw the contending factions in the territory through his glasses. He infused them with his warlike spirit and enthusiastic ardor for the practical champions of freedom. Their response to his appeals for succor for the struggling freemen was immediate and decisive. An excited listener seized the speaker's hat and passed it around for contributions. Seventy-five thousand dollars were collected or subscribed on the spot, the chairman of the meeting leading off in a contribution of five hundred dollars. Cheers for free Kansas rent the air and the meeting adjourned by singing the "Star Spangled Banner," under the leadership of Frank Lombard. The next day the subscription paper was circulated until seventy-five thousand dollars more were raised. About this time some of the more conservative of the excitable populace began to inquire into the proposed disposition of the funds. In procuring the subscriptions no explanations had been made. "The money is for free Kansas," was all that was said.

A meeting of the donors was held, who resoved to establish


in Kansas. It was arranged to send an advance party of picked young men to select a location and prepare the way for families. They were to establish a city in Kansas, to be called Chicago. No difficulty was had in raising a company of seventy-five young men. Ten times the number volunteered to go. The only trouble was in gleaning from the volunteers.

When the desired number had been selected, the company met and perfected a civic organization. A man by the name of Andrews was elected President; S. P. Hand, Secretary; and A. A. Griffin, Treasurer. The names of the company were published in the newspapers of Chicago, and the intentions of, and great expectations from, the advance Chicago-Kansas colony were loudly proclaimed by orators and editors. It was announced that the company would proceed to Kansas by a steamer on the Missouri river; that they would be amply prepared to defend themselves, and knowing their rights, dared to maintain them.

About the middle of June they left the Garden City via the Illinois Central railroad. They were furnished with a year's supply of provisions, an ample quantity of camp and garrison equippage, enough agricultural implements to start them well in farming pursuits, and a reasonable amount of money for incidental expenses. At Bloomington they tarried two days to effect a military organization and study the manual of arms. At Alton they embarked on the "Star of the West," one of the steamers in a regular line of Missouri river packets, which had been especially engaged to come to Alton to receive this company.

The company numbered sixty-eight when they took the steamer, a few having fallen by the wayside. In one of the state-rooms were deposited a number of Hall's breach-loading carbines, which were to be given to the company when they reached the "promised land." These arms had previously been condemned and sold by the United States government. They were not to exceed a half dozen side arms in the company and probably there were not ten men who had ever discharged a firearm, and none had been accustomed to the fearful sight of a bowie knife dangling by the side of a person. Aside from this company, the steamer contained its usual number of mixed passengers.

All went serenely until the steamer reached Lexington, about 9 p.m., Sunday. No danger or trouble had been apprehended on the passage. The unsophisticated vindicators of free speech, free soil, and free men were as innocent and unsuspecting when the steamer was moored to the levee at Lexington as the lamb when led to the slaughter. Scarcely had the steamer's plank touched the shore before an immoderate rush of people was made to board the steamer. And such a people! They wore slouched hats, ejaculated expletives, brandished


and expressed too warm a desire to see the Chicago abolitionists. Before the situation was fully realized by our adventurers, the cabin of the steamer was crowded with these unwelcome visitors. An intimidating sight was also presented when the glare from the steamer's torches enabled the overawed freemen to distinguish objects on the shore. Drawn up in battle array on the levee were several companies of infantry, all armed with muskets that had previously been stolen from the government arsenal at Liberty. Our freemen had no difficulty in realizing that "business" was meant by the invaders and their co-operators on shore. A burly, solidly built man, with a slouched hat and linen clothes of spotless white, and a brace of revolvers dangling from a belt, appeared to be the leader of the motley and threatening intruders. This was Colonel Joe Shelby, subsequently the leader of the division in General Price's army that was so thoroughly whipped by the Kansas boys on the memorial Sunday during the Price raid. He moved about the cabin with a swagger, and demanded an interview with the officers of the Chicago company. The president and secretary met him. Said Colonel Shelby, in substance:


We have come here to disarm you, and we are going to do it. Don't make any explanations," said he, as the president attempted to speak. "We know all about you. We have the name of every member of your company, know how many guns you have, the number of the state-room they are placed in, and we know your intentions. Give up your arms peaceably, and you can proceed to Kansas unmolested. We only want to extract the fangs from the abolition snake before it enters Kansas."

The arms were surrendered. Many of the most respectable citizens of Lexington were present and acquiesced in the outrage. Said one genteel appearing man, in reply to a protest by a member of the company against such a gross insult by an entire community to a party of emigrants on a national highway: "Suppose that Kansas was north of Maine, and that you could only reach it by a river through that State; do you think that the Yankees would allow Southerners to go up that river to the territory; especially if those Southerners were to plant communities that would rob the Yankees of their property? We are acting only in self defense. If you make an abolition State of Kansas, slavery in Missouri will go to Halifax."

No indignities were offered to the company other than robbery of their arms.







Work is progressing on the M. E. church steeple.

Dr. Mansfield is building an addition to the south side of his drug store.

The Davis Family Troupe will give a concert in Winfield on Christmas evening.

Harter & Hill have a new phaeton, with spring back and seat, which cost $250.

Twelve new buildings have been erected on Ninth avenue within the past thirty days.

The Walker Bros. deliver goods purchased of them to all parts of the city free of charge.

Will Lipscomb is doing a splendid job of graining in the rooms of Maris' new stone building.

McIntruff [? could have sworn earlier it was McInturff...check on this name!] is about to move his photograph gallery to the new building recently built by Mr. Bullene.

The Winfield post office mailed five hundred letters Monday morning. How is that for a fourth-class office?

The bridge iron has arrived and the contractor is at work putting up the superstructure of the south bridge.

The Winfield schools will give an entertainment at the Methodist church on Thursday evening. Admission free.

T. J. Johnston and Albert Maris have gone East. It is supposed that they will return with each a better half.



Miss Hattie Hunt is about to open a dressmaking establishment in the room lately occupied by the Foults Bros.

The streets have been livelier for the past week than ever before. Merchants report business increasing every day.

The editor just returned from an absence of three weeks and hardly knew the place because of so many new buildings.

Mr. Fred Cropp is building a neat residence in the south part of town. What does this mean, Fred? Building it to rent (?).

The weather has been reasonably warm for the past week. The stores and offices have been sufficiently warm with open doors and no fires.

Mr. and Mrs. James H. Vance visited Wichita last week. Jim reports everything "dead" and dull in that once lively and thriving little town.

Hotel arrivals (transient) in this city, for the week ending Wednesday noon, December 12th, 1877, number as follows: Central, 65; Anderson, 39.

Curns & Manser are enlarging their office and putting in a handsome counter. The general cry among our businessmen seems to be "more room."

Ed. Holloway will soon appear at the old stand behind the counters of Mr. S. Suss, where he will dispense clothing and dry goods to his many friends.

There was quite an excitement raised Saturday by the report that several horse-thieves were camped near town. The sheriff and his posse were out in full force, but failed to find them.



It is reported that several persons of the foot pad variety stopped the stage between Wellington and Caldwell, last Thursday, robbing the passengers and cutting open the mail.

McCommon & Harter have just received a complete stock of paints, oils, and varnishes; also school books and new goods for the holidays. They will be found at the corner drug store, opposite the post office.

Mr. Payson has a gold leaf sign painted upon one of the windows of room No. 4, in Maris' new stone building. It is a splendid looking sign and shows off well. Prof. Jones always gives good satisfaction.

A preliminary meeting for the organization of a singing class, under the direction of Prof. Farringer, was held at the Presbyterian church on Tuesday evening, and it was decided to hold the first meeting on Friday evening, the 28th inst.

We made mention last week of a certain house in Winfield as being occupied by hogs, horses, cows, and people. Since that time we are informed by the lady of the house that the statement was correct with one exception, the cows being chickens.

B. F. Baldwin has a table in the middle of the floor of his drug store on which is a grand display of holiday goods consisting largely of porcelain ware which he says must be sold before Christmas. Now is an opportunity to buy at the lowest cost prices.

Last Monday we met a gentleman named Allen, who has land and other interests at and near Salt City. He was direct from Colorado Springs, Colorado, and informed us that Mr. J. P. McMillen is gaining in health and quite prosperous in his business, hotel keeping.

Jay Page, a gentleman lately from Eldorado and Topeka, has purchased the lot between Wallis & Wallis' grocery house and Boyer's clothing store on Main street in this city, and will immediately go to work putting up a two-story brick business house thereon.

Today we present our readers with another supplement making with the regular sheet forty-eight columns of which thirty columns are reading matter mostly set solid in small type amounting to from three to four times the reading matter usually found in county papers.

We are under obligations to Mr. F. F. Lebow, the "red-hot candy" man, for a fine lot of his fresh made candies. Mr. Lebow's large stock of candy is of his own manufacture and is always fresh and the best in the market. He also keeps a good stock of nuts, apples, cider, and other confectioneries.



Several robberies were committed between El Paso and Wichita last Friday and Saturday evenings after dark by two men on horseback. The victims were farmers on the way from market. One was relieved of $120, others of smaller amounts. Great excitement exists and parties are out hunting for the robbers.

The celebrated Davis Family Troupe is coming! Many of our citizens have, in the past, attended concerts given by this family, all of whom speak very favorably of their entertainments--as being the best of their nature they have ever visited. The troup will be in Winfield on Tuesday, Dec. 25th, and give an entertainment in the evening. Their lady's silver coronet band is the best traveling. The street parade at 2 o'clock in the afternoon will be grand.


We have received a very elaborate card of magnificent proportions inviting us to attend at New Orleans, the distribution of the Louisiana State Lottery on the 11th inst., when half a million dollars was to be distributed to ticket holders under the supervision of generals P. T. Beauregard and Jubal Early. We did not go. In fact, we were absent at Topeka and did not learn of the honor conferred upon us until it was too late, but we expect our Confederate friends, Early and Beauregard, have got up a game that for beating the North is worth two rebellions and any man who is fool enough to invest should next go South and attempt to vote a republican ticket.


N. J. Larkin, esq., of Richland township, called on us Tuesday. He says his neighborhood is filling up rapidly with a good class of citizens. Houses are all full, some have three families each, and building is progressing rapidly. Farmers are putting out large numbers of fruit trees. There is a considerable agitation of the herd law question.


W. W. Andrews Esq., started about ten days ago for the Black Hills. On the way up to Wichita his large trunk valise containing his spare clothing was lost out of the boot of the stage. While he was at supper a crazy woman got off with his $40 overcoat. Hearing that snow was three feet deep at the Black Hills, he concluded to return and re-equip. Monday he succeeded in recovering his trunk, but that overcoat, where, oh, where?

"Ask of the winds that far around."



Mr. Peter Walton is a sensible and substantial farmer of the Grouse valley. He came over to the Winfield mill the other day dressed suitably for handling flour bags. One of the mill boys asked him if he was Wirt's brother, and was answered in the affirmative. "Well," said the mill boy, "you don't put on as much style as Wirt does." "No," said Peter. "I used to be just such a d_____d fool as he is, had a three hundred dollar horse and wore brass toed boots, but I have got over that."


They pray loudly in the south end of town. A few evenings ago while two parties were repairing to their homes at about the hour of 9 their attention was arrested by the screams of a woman. They, supposing that some drunken fiend was beating his wife, hied to the scene at a lightning rate, tearing down clothes lines, jumping over fences, and falling over wood piles that came in their course. They rushed frantically up to the door nearly out of breath and were about to enter when the occupants of the house began to sing at the top of their voices, "Come to Jesus," etc. They didn't feel cheap, oh no.

M. E. SUNDAY SCHOOL. The M. E. Sunday school expect their "ship to come in" Christmas Eve. She will anchor at northeast corner of the M. E. church. It is said that she will be well laden with beautiful and costly gifts for the children. The seats in front of the landing place will all be free and will no doubt be well filled with happy children expecting an interest in the cargo. The ship will be manned by W. O. Johnson, Joseph Porter, Charles Dever, Frank Robinson, Alvah Graham, Willie Lappin, and Geo. Black, sailors. All expecting friends or gifts on the ship are expected to be at the landing.




One of the most beautiful and ingenious pieces of workmanship we ever saw, is a checkerboard at B. F. Baldwin's store, made by Mr. Geo. Bull. It is a highly finished article made off walnut, pine, red cedar, and mulberry wood in upwards of three thousand distinct pieces inlaid mosaic. No description can do it justice. Admirers of beauty and ingenuity may have a treat by calling to see it.



There will be a festival given by the Ladies of New Salem at the New Salem schoolhouse, on the 27th of December, for the benefit of the Presbyterian and Methodist ministers. Supper, 25 cents, children under 12 years of age, 15 cents. All are invited to come.




Items from the Lazette Bugle.

Dr. Snyder has just completed a nice residence of imposing size.

Our postmaster is better of his hearing since he had his ears burned.

Remember, there will be a Christmas tree at the Armstrong schoolhouse, Dec. 24th.

The looks of our town is greatly improved by the addition of Mc. D. Stapleton's new residence.

Our school is in splendid condition, with an average of seventy-five scholars.

Dr. Munson contemplates bringing a stock of drugs to this place.

One more dry goods and grocery store would find a good trade here.

Mrs. Miller sold her farm of eighty acres for $640.

Joe Snyder has purchased the H. A. Jackson farm of 160 acres.

The conspicuous young gentleman at the party up the creek the other evening, who sat down on the chair in which a lady left some taffey to cool, will save himself further trouble by returning the saucer.

W. H. Crow, of Indiana, will ship 2,000 head of sheep in the spring to his farm in Windsor township.






West Bolton Items.

December 17, 1877.

EDITOR COURIER: We ask space in your columns for a few items.

As spiritual matters should first claim our attention, we will state that a protracted meeting has for the last ten days been in progress at Salt City. It was initiated and has been conducted most of the time by the Rev. J. J. Broadbent. Judge Gans, of your city, preached to a full and attentive house last Sunday. A considerable interest is manifested and the meeting will continue during the present week.

At Theaker's schoolhouse, district thirty-six, Rev. McHugh, of the United Bretheren, begins a series of meetings tonight. Their quarterly meeting occurs next Saturday and Sabbath. A Sabbath school has been maintained at each of these places during the season.

The little folks will have a good time on Christmas Eve. With other attractions there will be a Christmas tree laden with a present for each child in the vicinity.

We have quite an interesting school in this place. The term closes about the middle of February.

Trade is good.

The Salt City ferry has a good business, running constantly, while other Arkansas river ferries are idle part of the time.

Farmers are improving this pleasant weather hauling wheat to Wichita. We hope that the next great crop which now promises so well may be transferred by rail. There are some heavy wheat growers in West Bolton, having from 100 to 800 acres. We surely need a railroad.

Please keep us posted about the Emporia road and all others, for we who are on the out posts shall not have to haul to Wichita when the lines are extended to Winfield.

The COURIER is vastly improved, and we wish you abundant success. RUDY.






The Winfield COURIER comes to us enlarged and vastly improved, under its new management. Our old friend, Millington, knows how to make a good paper. Emporia Real Estate Register.

The Winfield COURIER came to us this week enlarged to an eight column paper. The COURIER is one of the most newsy and spicy papers on the State, and we are glad to see such healthy signs of prosperity. Erie Record.

Mr. Millington, senior of the Winfield COURIER, was among our distinguished visitors. He interviewed the Beacon office. We have no doubt that under his management, the COURIER will have a prosperous career. Wichita Beacon.

The Winfield (Cowley county) COURIER appears in an enlarged form. The COURIER is an ably conducted and enterprising journal, reliably republican, and deserving a generous support. We are glad to know that it is prospering. Atchison Champion.

D. A. Millington and wife, of Winfield, spent two days at our fair. Mr. Millington has taken editorial charge of the COURIER of that city. He is an old and well known Kansan; having been a prominent businessman in Leavenworth for many years.

Wichita Eagle.

The Winfield COURIER now comes to us enlarged and clothed in a new dress. Its change has wonderfully improved its appearance. It is now one among our best looking exchanges, and rather considering it "one of the family," we very naturally wish the proprietor financial success. Eureka Censorial.

The Winfield COURIER has been enlarged and improved materially. The people of Winfield should not only feel proud of such a journal, but give it a most hearty support, as an investment will pay them better as a people. Our friend Millington is proving every inch the editor, and we sincerely congratulate him. Wichita Eagle.

The COURIER within the past few weeks, and especially since Millington and Lemmon assumed control of it, has improved wonderfully. Besides adding one column on each page, the reading matter is set in smaller type, thereby giving nearly double the amount of reading matter it did before. We have several copies at our office that can be seen by anyone that desires to see a model home paper. Arkansas City Traveler.

The Winfield COURIER has been robed in new apparel and enlarged to eight columns. It looks neat and wears an air of health and solidity. The COURIER represents one of the best towns in the state and a county (Cowley) second to none. The businessmen of Winfield give the COURIER a generous support, and in so doing not only help the paper but the community. A person living abroad has indubitable evidence of the prosperity and business importance of Winfield by the amount of advertising contained in the COURIER. Wilson County Citizen.

The Winfield COURIER comes to us this week enlarged to an eight column paper, and greatly improved in its general appearance, make-up, and in point of readable matter. Its new proprietors, Messrs. Millington and Lemmon, prove themselves, by their paper, to be competent to publish one of the best papers in the state. We are glad to see this change in the COURIER, and hope its proprietors may receive the support to justify them to gradually improve the paper in future. The COURIER has been the leading paper of Cowley county for several years, and is liable to continue as such. Courant and Ledger, Howard City.

The above are a few of the many complimentary notices we have received from the press, and we thank you all, gentlemen, for your kind words of encouragement. Most of these notices were written about the first of November, soon after our paper was enlarged. The improvements we haad made up to that time were scarcely greater than those we have effected since. Our amition is not yet full realized, but with the liberal help of the people of this county, we expect to make a paper of which the citizens of the best county in the state shall be proud.






El Paso Troubles.

Gen. Escobedo says the difficulty is not between Mexicans and Americans but between Americans.

The war department is informed that the trouble grew out of the right to certain salt mines and has assumed serious aspects.

The United States and State militia companies have been surrounded, and unless soon relieved," will fare badly. The disptach from Governor Hubbard, asking assistance from the president, was referred to the secretary of war, and by him to Gen. Sherman, who telegraphed Gen. Sheridan to send all the troops he can. The latter replied this morning that he had ordered all the available troops to the scene of the difficulty. It is thought the troops from Ft. Stanton have already reached

El Paso, and will probably be able to relieve the military surrrounded by the mob. Troops from Fort Bayard will no doubt reach the San Elizaro tomorrow, and with those from Fort Stanton will be sufficient to keep the peace. The affair is purely local, and no serious complications are anticipated.

Chicago, Illinois, Dec. 17. Official information received at military headquarters this evening shows that the mob at San Elizaro consists of about three hundred citizens of El Paso county, Texas. That no Mexicans have crossed the river to take part in the trouble, and that the Mexican authorities have given orders that none of their citizens should cross. About three hundred troops have been ordered from posts in New Mexico to the scene of the disturbances, to aid the civil officers of El Paso county. This withdrawal of troops leaves the Indian frontier exposed.

A special to the News from Austin says a dispatch was received by the governor from the sheriff of El Paso county, stating that the troops surrendered to the Mexicans at 3 p.m. yesterday. Their ammunition was exhausted and they were unable to hold out longer. After the surrrender, Harvard, Atkinson, and McBride were shot by the Mexicans.

The commands of Col. Young and Lieut. Bullis arrived on the 18th.






GRAND PRAIRIE, School Dist. No. 95,

Cowley Co., Kan., Dec. 13, 1877.

MR. EDITOR: As you seem so anxious to get all the news in the county, I am going to tell you a few things from this part of the vineyard. First, we have just completed our schoolhouse. It is 20 x 26 feet, well built and furnished throughout. It was built by T. A. Wilkinson and cost the District $500 in bonds, payable in one, two, three, four, and five years, with interest.

At a meeting of the citizens of the district for the purpose of accepting the house, it was decided to call it Grand Prairie schoolhouse, and to dedicate it with a grand supper, which was done last Friday evening, the 30th ult. Oh, ye gods! what a supper there was. "Big turkey, little turkey, and all, and the charge on that table beat Russians, Bashi Bazouks, or anybody else. I shall not attempt to describe it. It was a wild scene." Everybody was there. The ridge was out in force and the wharf rats from the little washouts on Timber and Grouse creeks seemed ready to fulfill the scriptural quotation of "behold and wonder and perish," but they didn't do it. They are used to eating when they can get it.

The district was well represented by Messrs. Burden, Barr Hollowell, Savage, and others. Among those from abroad were Dr. Snyder, of Lazette, who made some very appropriate remarks. Add Smith tried to fatten his family but failed. The most prominent feature was Foster Tucker with the hock joint of a turkey standing up from his coat pocket.

Yours, BUCK I.




Richland Township Heard From.

PRAIRIE GROVE, Dec. 22, 1877.

MR. COURIER: Jot this down. Health is generally good, some whooping cough; weather fine and spring-like; the sweet song of the frog has been heard all the week; wheat is as green as May and growing finely; corn not all gathered; schools successful, at least no complaint.

Miss Stansbury is teaching a good school at 108. Miss Mary Pontious teaches the Floral "young idea how to shoot."

Floral Grange still lives and has elected officers for 1878, as follows: James O. Vanorsdol, M.; S. B. Stone, O. T., Dicken, Stewart; H. Robin, A. S.; J. Howard, Ch.; F. Thirsk, Sec.; S. W. Phoenix, T. R.; J. J. Jarvis, Gate Keeper; P. T. Stevenson, L.; Miss Fanny Pontious, Ceres; Miss Laura Jones, Pomonia; Miss Martha Wilson, Flora; Miss Martha Pontious, S. A. S.

Grange meets second and fourth Friday evenings of each month. Literary meets every Thursday eve. A Good Templar's lodge is being organized at Floral.

A Christmas tree will bloom at Floral under the care of Misses Pontius and Mollie Hart.

Supper Friday eve.; admittance ten cents; proceeds for the tree.

A. F.





Troops from Forts Laramie and Lincoln are en route for the Black Hills.


Gen. Haerato, former governor of Sonora, is reported to be in Mexico with 2,000 American filibusters.


The Indians killed the mail driver from New Mexico in the San Simor valley. Troops are in pursuit.

A bottle of petroleum was brought into Deadwood, Dakota Territory, from an oil well that was discovered a few days ago, eight miles from Kinney stockade, and one hundred miles south of Deadwood. The petroleum is pronounced by experts to be superior to that of West Virginia.




The army paymasters recently paid out $1,500,000 at Fort Leavenworth.


The earnings of the A., T. & S. F. railroad for November was $335,600. Same month last year, $225,700. Increase forty-eight percent.


The little Indians of the Nez Perces ttribe spend the greater portion of their time in spinning tops. They can discount citty boys. They start a top and keep it going by lashing it with a whip until ehy are tired and the last one who strikes it wins the game. Leavenworth Times.





Col. Manning, of Winfield, and another gentleman from Parsons, passed through town on Sunday, looking after a "southwest" passage for a railroad. Sedan Journal.


Sedan Journal: The Cedarvale Blade will move to this place about January first, so we learn.


Rumor says that the test drill put down beside the hole at Eldorado in which the three-foot veing of coal was said to have been found, struck no coal. Just as we expected and asserted.



The coal shaft has been sunk to about three hundred and fifty-five or sixty feet. At this depth they have struck a slate formation, which is commonly found immediately over the coal formation. We wait, still hoping Mr. McCampbell will be successful. Eagle.


The stock dealers formed an association at Caldwell, Saturday, the 24th ult. Enos Blair was elected President;

F. A. Hunt, Vice-President; J. R. Musgrove, Secretary; and Sim Donaldson, Treasurer. An executive committee, consisting of Messrs. J. W. Hamilton, Charles Hatfield, and B. W. Hall was appointed. Wellington Press.







This number of the COURIER closes the fifth volume, and we flatter ourselves that it is the best number of the whole. . . .



We have just had an interview with a gentleman who is perfectly familiar with the situation of things in El Paso county, Texas. His statemens, which we give below, are supposed to offer reliable men more or less acquainted with the facts, and by historic records.

He says that by the treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo, that Mexican province was divided between Mexico and the state of Texas, making the Rio Grande the division line. By that division what is now El Paso country with a considerable Mexican population, was detached from Mexico, and became a part of the United States with the same rights of occupation and proprietorship to the lands which they had enjoyed under Mexican laws. They were protected in their rights by our government, and were satisfied, quiet, and happy under the new order of things. While their relatives and neighbors across the river under the Mexican rule were oppressed and plundered, they received nothing but benefits from the United States government, and became decidedly union men during our civil war, ever ready to assist the Union cause. The Texas rebels more than once overran their territory plundering and murdering.

In that county are some salt lakes which the inhabitants had utilized for their supply of salt, and to which they had a full right under the Spanish and Mexican grants. Since the war a lot of Texas roughs and scoundrels armed with bowie knives, pistols, and other firearms, have entered the county, seized all the county officers by virtue of commissions from the governor of Texas, taken possession of the most valuable lands and franchises, and have plundered and oppressed in every way the peaceable and defenseless Mexican population.

Among the lands they have seized are the salt franchises, which they claim and hold by some kind of fraudulent patent, and they have been taxking the people enormous sums for the privilege of using the salt. These outrages have finally culminated in resistance. The people have arisen en masse and have besieged and captured a body of the scoundrels and have killed three or four of the leading and most dangerous murderers and robbers of the outfit.

The Texas troops spoken of are merely assistant cutthroats, sent by a rebel Texas governor to help punish the Mexican American citizens for their loyalty. Representative Mills is a noted Texas politician who has been foremost in raising mobs to kill Texas republicans and Union men.

There is no interference from the Mexican side of the line. The Mexican authorities have been very careful to prevent all intercourse and there has been no crossing the river from Mexican territory. The Mexicans lay no claim to any part of the territory claimed for El Paso county, Texas. The attempt to connect Mexico with the disturbance is but a part of the plan of these Texas cutthroats to provoke a war, that they may have a new field for plunder. Of course, they call the citizens of El Paso county a mob and will use every excuse [? could not really make out word that was used ?] to create a prejudice against them.



Mrs. Chisholm, in describing the murderers of her husband, son, and daughter, says: There were Catholics, Presbyterian elders, and most of all I noticed two Methodist class-leaders that were very active all through the matter. One of these men was a great exhorter, and had often labored with us for the good our our souls."



The editor of the Madison Times has just visited the work on the narrow gauge railroad between Emporia and Madison, and says he found forty teams and fifty men at work on both sides of Coal creek, and thinks, at the present rate, the grading will be completed to Madison within sixty days. He also says there are five carloads of ties standing on the A., T. & S. F. side track for this road, the piers ready for the bridge over the Cottonwood, and the timbers probably on the ground. The editor is very much encouraged, but his account does not look very much to us like completing the road to Madison on February 1st, and keeping the Cowley bonds from being forfeited.


The Western members of Congress are said to be generally in favor of an income tax. If Congress wishes to reach the wealthy and the "bloated bond holders," the income tax is a much more decent and honorable way than an attempt to degrade the currency in order to cheat them out of a part of their dues. Let us have the income tax by all means, and perhaps we can afford to have a currency that shall be equal in every way to gold coin.


Sitting Bull is reported to have crossed the line and camped at Bear Paw mountain with a large force of Sioux and Nez Perces. It is also said that he has been joined by Lone Deer's band of seventy-five lodges.


Kansas has a population of fully 700,000 now. If our population increases as rapidly during the next two years, as it has during the past two years, we shall have fully a million people in 1880. Champion.





There is a persistent effort being made to procure the removal of this officer and the appointment of Hon. Sidney Clark to the position of U. S. marshal for the district of Kansas. To effect Miller's removal, some charges have been preferred against him in relation to the appropriation of moneys. There seems to be a small sum which is not accounted for by a vouncher, but which he claims to have paid out for the transportation of a prisoner from Washington. We do not believe there is anything in it that will not be fully made clear and show Mr. Miller to have been blameless. Mr. Miller has been one of the most efficient officers Uncle Sam ever had, and at the same time he has been always gentlemanly and obliging so far as his duties would permit. He has a host of friends all over Kansas who earnestly desire that he be retained in the office he now holds.





A large number of persons are making claims in the Indian Territory south of Montgomery county, and great excitement prevails. Uncle Sam will drive them out.


Stock dealers at Coffeyville complain that the taxes on cattle driven through the territory are so high as almost to prevent shipment at that place.


Prof. Kedzie delivers his lecture on the telephone at Emporia on the 31st inst. His lecture and experiments with the telephone are represented as exceedingly amusing, entertaining, and instructive. Winfield should secure a lecture.


The agricultural college has twenty-five miles of telegraph line and the same number of instruments.


The commissioners of the permanent school fund invested

$49,482.60 in district school bonds, during the month of November.


Kansas is determined to pay her teachers if she never lays up a cent. If the district fund is insufficient to pay the pedagogue, a tuition fee is legally assessed upon the pupils.




El Paso.

Maj. Jones commanding Texas State forces telegraphed Representative Mills December 20th, that 140 of the mob to whom his lieutenant surrendered and who killed three of his men and three citizens, were Mexican citizens from Mexico, and that he saw a regular Mexican officer drilling the mob.

The government will deal with the matter.




Sedgwick county takes the twelfth place in the list of counties in the State for the amount of corn produced this year--fifty-seven thousand nine hundred and ninety-three acres--producing a crop of ttwo million five hundred and fifty-one thousand six hundred and ninety-three bushels. Eagle.

The Catholics are about to build a church at Oxford.

Judge Foster, the entire bar of Topeka, Lawrence, Leavenworth, and Atchison, and all the State officers have signed a paper endorsing Chas. H. Miller, U. S. Marshal, as a faithful, efficient, and loyal officer and remonstrating against his removal. Oxford Independent.

A mining company is organized at Wellington with a capital stock of $20,000, and shares at $10 each, for the purpose of prospecting for coal.

The Eldorado Press says of the boring for coal in that vicinity, that inh that community, faith in coal has shrunk wonderfully while faith in cussedness has advanced. The drill in the new hole had passed the fifteen inch vein and no coal.

The Wellington Press says: Thomas Nelson was found in the Indian Territory in a destitute condition, with feet badly frozen. He was brought to Wellington and amputation deemed necessary, but he begged so piteously that he was allowed to retain his feet and is recovering in care of the overseer of the poor.

Jarvis has sold out the Cedarvale Blade to a Mr. Getchal, who will move it to Howard City and start a Democratic paper.





Our valley is well filled with fat hogs and cattle, and several flocks of sheep have lately come in.

Parks has twelve hundred sheep at Robert Armstrong's, and Peebler and Parks have eight hundred at Peebler's.

George Denton has a herd of seventy cattle on Skull creek.

James Lee is handling about fifty head of young cattle.

Lon Newton has some sixty yearling calves feeding on the Hodson farm.

Ben Clover has over seventy head of cattle, and a large lot of hogs on his 600 acre farm.

S. M. Fall is feeding fifty head of Texas steers.

R. F. Burden has about one hundred head of cattle, of which he is fattening about forty for the spring market.

Dempsey Elliott left some days ago with a large drove of fat hogs for Independence.

Barney Shriver has a lot of Texas steers feeding for spring sale.

Polk Tull is teaching at the Armstrong schoolhouse.

A literary society is supported by the scholars and patrons.

H. T. Albert has a large school at Lazette, and gives good satisfaction.

John F. Tucker is teaching in the Gardenhire district and has a good school.

Charley Jones still sells calico and coffee at his old stand.

Two new doctors help the Lazette people to keep well.

Stapleton is still to be found at the corner of Cherry and Main streets, except when at his beautiful new home.

BIRTH. Elder Dale looks very fatherly just now, and feels happy in the possession of a young daughter.

Wheat looks well all over the valley.





The supreme court has reversed the decision of the Cowley district court in the case of Brake vs. Ballou.

Charles F. Snow, of Winfield township, returned from Kansas City last Friday, where he has been shipping hogs.

It seems that a new post office has been established at Glen Grouse, in this county, wherever that is, and E. S. Field made postmaster.

A young child of Col. Manning's fell into the cistern one day last week, but, fortunately, J. A. Rarrick arrived soon and rescued it before it was drowned.

Among the late appointments of the governor, we notice the name of W. R. Stivers, notary public for Cowley county. All correct. He is a gentleman and a scholar.

Seventy-five teams were loaded with flour at the Tunnel Mills last Thursday, on the contract to supply the Indians at the Cheyenne, Arapahoe, and Wichita agencies.

A gentleman from Illinois named Chas. S. Landis will, about February 1st, commence building a very large business house on the corner of Ninth and Millington streets, which will be occupied with an extensive stock of furniture. Ninth street is looking up.

The following named pupils of the high school department of our city school are especially mentioned for their scholarship and deportment during the past term, namely, Misses Ella Freeland, Mattie West, Alice Johnson, and Sadie Davis, and Master Edward Likowski.

Miss Emma Saint, teacher of the intermediate department of our city schools, is much pleased with the progress and deportment of her pupils the past term. She mentions Misses Edith Kennedy, Leota Gerry, and Minnie Stewart, and Masters Willie Bryan, Alva Graham, and Berkly Bartlett especially worthy of praise.


J. F. Berner has his bakery on Ninth avenue by the old Methodist church in operation. He has a new and substantial building, is making complete arrangements for his business, and is turning out just the best and cleanest kind of bread, cakes, pies, and confectionery. We have tried his bread and know whereof we speak. See his card in this paper.


J. F. Berner, Proprietor,

Ninth Avenue, one block east of McGuire & Crippen's store.

All kinds of confectionery, bread, cakes, pies, etc., constantly on hand. We hve the best ovens, the best baker, and keep the best bread in the city. Try us.



W. B. Trissell is selling more nursery stock than all other dealers combined. He is well known, and customers know that what he says can be relied on.


At a stated communication of Adelphi Lodge, No. 110,

A. F. & A. M., held last week (Tuesday evening), the following officers were elected for the ensuing year: M. G. Troup, W. M.;

C. C. Black, S. W.; James McDermott, J. W.; B. F. Baldwin, Treas.; L. J. Webb, Sec.; J. S. Hunt, S. D.; J. Wade McDonald,

J. D.; W. G. Graham, Cahplain; Perry Hill, S. S.; J. H. Land,

J. S.; S. E. Burger, Tyler.


School Entertainment.

On Thursday evening last, one of the largest audiences we have witnessed in this town was entertained in a most enjoyable manner at the M. E. church by the pupils of our city schools. The entertainment was under the management of Prof. George W. Robinson, assised by Misses Saint, Wickerham, and Bryant. At an early hour every available seat in the church was occupied by some friend of the school, eagerly waiting for the commencement of the exercises. At about quarter after 7 o'clock the programme was commenced by a piece of music entitled "Home of Rest," very beautifully rendered by Misses Dever, Haine, Lowry, and Newman. We have not time nor space to make minute mention of each part of the exercises, but will make the sweeping statement that every part was excellent and merited great praise, and will let it suffice by mentioning more particularly a few which greatly impressed us. We considered the concert reading by the Fifth reader class of Miss Emma Saint's department the best exercise of the evening, in that it showed better than anything else the progress which the pupils are making. It showed great labor and training on the part of the teacher as well as the pupils. The recitation of the "Bridal Wine Cup," by Miss Lizzie Kinne, was very affecting, and left a deep impression on the minds of the listeners. The "Old Bachelor," by one of the little boys, tugged hard at the heart-strings of many present. The recitation, "Tom's Come Home," by Miss Haidee Tresize, was very affecting. "The Three Lovers," as read by Miss Ina Daniels, was excellent, and we hope the moral contained therein may be heeded by the young men of our flourishing town. Taken as a whole, the entertainment was a grand success. Great credit is due to our teachers for the manner in which the whole matter was conducted.




Henry Bronson, from Grouse, was in our city last week.

Charley Roseberry was shaking hands in town the other day.

McCommon & Harter have a new sign.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1877.

Samuel M. Martin, of Jacksonville, Illinois, has been visiting his brother-in-law, M. L. Robinson, the past week. Mr. Martin has been county clerk of his county for fourteen years. He thinks of locating with us.

Jennings wants to know if it's anybody's business whether he courts on the square or all 'round the circle.

John Cooper. of Harvey, was looking around town on Saturday.

Postomater Stolp, of Baltimore, was a Winfield visitor on Saturday.

R. C. Story, of Cowley county, is reported at headquarters as one of the most industrious and efficient superintendents of public instruction in the state. He has of late been busy visiting schools in different parts of the county.

J. O. Vanorsdol, the wide awake granger above Floral, called on us last week.

Justus Fisher, of Liberty, favored us on Saturday with the light of his countenance.

N. C. Clark, of Vernon, recently found the way to the second story of the "old log store."

A. F. Brooks, of Moscow, called to see us in the way we like.

R. B. Pratt is one of the men who keep things moving in Cowley.

J. W. Browning, of Bever, complimented us by his presence last week.

E. C. Seward leaves for a two months' visit to Ohio. He says he is not going to get married down there. We hope not, for such a good looking, enterprising gentleman is good enough for a Winfield lady.

W. H. Bullock, foreman of the Eagle office, Wichita, has been among the Winfield typos this week.

S. D. Klingman and D. F. Best will probably open a dry goods store. They each received many invoices of goods by the Methodist Christmas ship.

Mr. Birnbaum has the thanks of the COURIER boys for a package of excellent cigars as a Christmas present. Mr. Birnbaum beats the Cubans in making good Havanas.

Dr. Wagner, the Dexter Esculapius, recently honored our office with a call.

Dr. W. S. Mendenhall induces his wealthy friends to locate in the "queen city of the Walnut valley."

C. Swarts has closed his term of school in district No. 10.

J. Rupp has finished the first term of school in district No. 28.

O. L. Record is spending his holidays in Winfield.

Rev. C. J. Adams returned from the east in time for Christmas dinner.

B. J. Downing, of Rock, made us a very pleasant call yesterday.




Notwithstanding the superabundance of rain and mud, the lecture of Noble L. Prentis at the Methodist church last Friday evening was well attended and was a vivid word-picture panorama of the ocean, ship, Liverpool, London, Edinburgh, and many other scenes in England, Scotland, and Ireland, interspersed with anecdotes, historic sketches, quaint wit, deep pathos, and noble sentiments. The audience, composed of persons who read, think, and criticize, and who have heard most of the best lecturers of the country, seem to agree in the verdict, that as a popular lecture, this of Prentis' is one of the very best.


Winfield Courier, December 27, 1877.

Santa Claus usually travels in a sleigh drawn by tiny reindeer, but this year, owing to the late rains, he had to come in a ship. The cargo was discharged at the M. E. church.


The entertainment given by the Davis family on Tuesday evening was a complete success. The large room was crowded at an early hour, and large numbers of people were compelled to retire, being unable to get in for wan of room. The performances, consisting of vocal and instrumental music, songs and dances, were first class. For two and a quarter hours the audience were delighted with the alternating phases of grave, gay, patriotic, sentimental, and ridiculous, and were frequently convulsed with laughter. The Davis family are a real Kansas institution.


Bond Notice.

Notice is hereby given that the board of Winfield township, in the county of Cowley, state of Kansas, will, on the 21st day of January, 1878, at the office of the township clerk, in the city of Winfield, issue the bonds of said township to the amount of five thousand five hundred ($5,500.00) dollars, in payment for the construction of two bridges across the Walnut river in said township, the one at a point on the W. S. Voris county road, the other at a point on the C. S. Smith county road.

C. C. PIERCE, Trustee.

Attest: E. S. Bedilion, Township Clerk.





District No. Enrollment.

1 286

3 17

7 23

10 22

13 25

21 42

25 41

30 47

40 32

41 32

42 23

43 26

45 34

46 56

48 22

52 30

53 39

54 35

68 28

69 22

86 39

88 27

89 43

94 35

98 17

107 22