[Starting Thursday, November 4, 1880.]



NOVEMBER 4, 1880.


I should have written to you long since, but my transition has been so rapid from one place to that of another, that it has been impossible for me to say where I would remain sufficiently long to enable me to hear from anyone, however dear they may have been to me.

I have located at Silver Cliff and find it to be one of the most beautiful towns in the state. The population numbers some five or six thousand. There are low foothills to the north and east, and to the south and west mountains can be seen that rear their snow capped peaks fourteen thousand feet above the level plain below.

The discovery of the mine which has led thousands to seek this wonderful locality was made by Mr. J. R. Edwards, of the firm of Edwards, Powel & Hafford, on the 29th day of June, 1878, while standing in the shade of the cliff. Mr. Edwards knocked off a piece from the rock beneath which he was standing, and to his surprise found that it was quite rich in horn silver. The discovery was not made public until the first of July, when the company commenced the survey of the Racine Boy mine, located at the same time on the old cliff. There were three claims running parallel with each other: the Racine Boy, Silver Cliff, and the Wet Mountain Valley. They also on the same day stated, claimed, and caused to be surveyed the Horn Silver and other silver mines situated on a spur running north from Round Mountain, which is about a mile northeast of the city.

The minerals combine the various qualities of ore, both smelting and free milling. The former are found in carbonate deposits and galens with gray copper in fissure veins; the latter in mass deposits in the form of chlorides and horn silver in the porphyry formation.

The climatology and sanitary attractions do not differ greatly from those of similar localities in Colorado, all mainly deriving their usual salubrity from three general conditions: altitude, dryness, and temperature. While the conditions are generally beneficial to invalids suffering from asthma, consumption, nervous prostration, nervous dyspepsia, and ailments arising from kindred causes, some localities seem preferable to others for those whose condition renders a long residence necessary or desirable, and it is by personal experience rather than the name of the disease that the shrine of locality is to be decided.

Regarding the sanitary influence of altitude, it is well known that the air becomes lighter and thinner as we rise above the sea level. HE GOES ON AND ON LIKE THIS.

The West Mountain ranges seem to be scooped out from between the Sangre de Christo and the Wet Mountain ranges. The Wet Mountain valley is thought by some to be the basis of a primeval lake, which was drained when the Arkansas river formed its grand canon by passing through the mountains to the plain below.

The Sangre de Christo range, the Sierra Majado, and the Wet Mountain valley are the pride of the people of this county. The richness and almost unbounded extent of their mines, the beauties of their natural scenery stirred my emotion whilst looking upon the grand mountain scene that looms up in the distance, dark, stern, and unfathomable in forest fern and moss, their lofty peaks crowned with eternal snow. You stand aghast as Stanley stood when upon the mountain, only to wonder at the awful crash that shook the world when its hills were made.

Of the discovery of Pike's Peak, Canon City, the people's court established, Judge Howard's romantic answer to his wife's petition for divorce, including his quit claim deed, the hot springs and the beautiful surroundings of Wagon Wheel Gap, I will write you, at no distant day.





NOVEMBER 4, 1880.

MANHATTAN, KS., OCT. 25, 1880.

ED. COURIER: Probably a few items from this point would be of interest to some of your readers.

Caesar does not this year have the pleasure of attending the College, as he has a "sit" on the Nationalist, "ending up type."

S. C. Mason, a scientific student, found the remains of a pre-historic elephant near this place a few days ago. Two tusks, nearly ten feet in length, were unearthed; also two teeth, one of which was eighteen inches in length, and nine inches deep. This is a "big fish story," but seeing is convincing. The remains are in charge of Prof. Fallier, of the College. They will probably be given to the Kansas Academy of Science.





NOVEMBER 4, 1880.

Mr. and Mrs. Irwin Cottingham are still very sick.

Mr. Newt. Yarbrough and party have returned from their trip to the eastern part of the state. Also Messrs. Howard, Wright, and Goodwill have returned from Missouri.

A little daughter of Mr. and Mrs. L. B. Stone is sick.



NOVEMBER 4, 1880.

Mrs. Ida Johnson returned from a visit to Canada last week.

LOST! A buffalo robe between Spotswood's store and Posey creek. The finder will be liberally rewarded by leaving the same at Spotswood's.

Mr. Jones, on the D. Davis place, near Seeley, lost his house and contents by fire last Friday morning about four o'clock. The fire was not discovered until it got such headway that very little of its contents could be saved.

John M. Wilson has bought out the large stock of goods of Bliss & Co., in this city and is filling up with new goods. He intends to make this establishment second to none in this city. He is one of the most energetic and honorable merchants in the state. A year ago he came from Winchester, Illinois, where he had made a splendid record, and has since completed business in Douglass for a year and made a host of friends. He will make things move in this city and will be a valuable acquisition to the business of the place.

We had the pleasure of attending a social party at the residence of Mr. Huff, in Pleasant Valley township, last Wednesday evening. The "youth and beauty" of the valley were out in force, and were most hospitably entertained by Mr. and Mrs. Huff and their accomplished daughters, Misses Mollie and Lena. Among those present were Messrs. Wright, Roe, Wallace, Wolf, Graves, Mr. Will Moore and wife. Mr. Sanders, and Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Broadwell. Among the young ladies were Misses Kirkpatrick, Hattie, and Alice Graves, Mattie De Turk, Miss Camp, Miss Kramer, and many others whose names we did not get.

The Wizard Oil outfit has been a great attraction on our streets this week. It consists of a fine carriage drawn by four splendid, large gray horses, and filled with cushioned seats for performers, and an excellent organ. The crew are a driver, three vocalists, and an orator, each perfectly and wonderfully fitted for his position. John Moffatt plays the organ and sings the air in a perfect and inimitable manner; W. H. Roscoe has a wonder-fully strong and melodious tenor voice, and W. H. Hunt is the best bass we have heard for years. Together they make a glee club that cannot be beat. After singing a few amusing songs, Dr. E. McConkey, one of hthe finest orators in the country, explains the virtues of Wizard Oil for an hour and then adjourns to the next time. It is the best circus we have had, but we are skeptical on the question.

The firm of Bliss & Co. has sold out. The members of this firm retire from the business with the respect and kindest wishes of their wide circle of friends. C. A. Bliss came to Winfield in 1870 and became one of the few settlers at that time. In company with his brother-in-law, Mr. Tousey, he purchased of E. C. Manning the only stock of general merchandise in the city, and has ever since been one of the leading business men in the place. Mrs. Tousey, now Mrs. Rigby, continued her means in the business for some time, and they have built the best flouring mill in the county and several valuable buildings, adding materially to the grandeur of our young city. E. S. Bliss and E. H. Bliss are straight, energetic business young men without a bad habit and enjoying the respect of all, such men as these cannot sit idly down to enjoy the fruit of their successes but will undoubtedly soon again be found in active business.




NOVEMBER 4, 1880.

It is one of the wonders of the city and country, that men otherwise sensible will buy fruit and shade trees, flowering plants, and other nursery stock from canvassers from other counties and states, paying them twice as much as home grown stock of the same sizes and varieties would cost. This stock when transported from a distance must be received by the buyer whenever it arrives whether he is ready to attend to it or not. It frequently comes in a bad time, and in bad order, much of it out of the ground so long that it dies after transplanting to the place desired to remain. The experience of most people in this county is, that from one fourth to one half of this imported stock dies the first year.

It is not so with home grown stock which is allowed to stand where grown in the nursery, and when the buyer is ready to put it in place, it is taken from the nursery and immediately reset. The consequence is that with proper care it all lives. Of several hundred trees sold by R. I. Hoge from his home nursery, near Winfield, to one man last spring, all but two trees are now alive and have made a fine growth, and this in the dryest year we have ever had. Another reason for patronizing home nurseries is that you are more likely to get trees which are true to name. Your neighbor cannot afford to put a fraud on you, but the distant nursery is not your neighbor. It only wants your money.



NOVEMBER 4, 1880.

Last Thursday Mr. Pat Kirby was in town with a wagon on which were high sideboards and above them a high spring seat. While driving home, he reached over from his seat to secure a bag of apples when a lurch of the wagon threw him off; and falling to the ground on his head and shoulders, he was so terribly injured that he died in a few hours. His funeral was attended on Saturday under the charge of Father Kelly of the Catholic Church. Mr. Kirby is one of the early settlers of this county, was a hard working man, and highly respected.





Notwithstanding the western drouth Winfield is "booming," and in spite of the adverse seasons, they have public spirited men who have confidence enough in the future to build solid stone and brick blocks which would do credit to older and larger cities. S. L. Brettun is building a magnificent hotel of magnesia lime-stone, 56 x 120 feet, four stories high, with every modern improvement, including steam, hot and cold water in rooms, passenger elevator, etc., to be completed this winter at a cost of $25,000.

Our genial friend, Charlie C. Black, has just erected a very fine stone printing office, which will be completed in all its appointments, with steam power, presses, etc. It is only a pity that he should waste such sweetness on the desert air of Kansas Democracy.

A new brick block has just been completed by Weitzel and occupied by Major Baker, who is running the Commercial House. Your correspondent found the house full, and had to content himself with a cot in the parlor.

The new store, 140 feet deep, by Lynn & Loose has just been occupied by them and is filled with as fine a stock of dry goods and carpets as can be found in the metropolis of Kansas. The second floor has fourteen large offices, with outside entrances onto a fine iron verandah. The building is certainly an ornament to the city. These with two brick blocks, three rooms each, which are just ready for occupancy, are all on Main street.

Business houses in other parts of the town and several very fine residences have been erected this summer. Leavenworth Times.



NOVEMBER 11, 1880.


Thousands Witness the Payment of Election Wagers.


Mayor Lynn Goes In With a Load of Rock.

The COURIER Always Ahead.

The most fantastic and humorous performance that this city has ever witnessed took place last Saturday, at 2 o'clock p.m. The crowd of people assembled on the sidewalks, in the streets, in the windows of adjacent buildings, and on the awnings, was simply immense and the enthusiasm displayed was indescribable.

The procession was formed at the Brettun house in the following order:

1st. The Winfield Cornet Band.

2nd. The St. John Battery.

3rd. Hon. O. M. Seward, Chairman of the Republican Committee, on a fiery steed that looked as though he had just had a race of a hundred miles and distanced his competitor, bearing the legend: "This is the Maud S. that won the race;" and Hon. S. L. Gilbert, chairman of the Democratic Committee, on a used up mule labeled, "This is the mule that beat us."

4th. Hon. J. B. Lynn, Mayor of Winfield, bare-headed, in overalls and flannel shirt, wheeling a large load of rock.

5th. Hon. C. C. Black, editor of the Telegram, wheeling the editor of the COURIER.

6th. The working men on the Brettun House building, forty strong, with their trowels, hammers, saws, hods, and other implements of labor.

7th. The COURIER force with plug hats and canes, headed by Ed. P. Greer, each bearing an appropriate motto.

8th. Charles Kelly, representing the postal service, with the motto: "A clean sweep. No postoffices for rent."

9th. The Telegram force, mounted on a huge dray with a large job press printing Telegram extras and passing them out to the crowd.

Arriving at the COURIER office, the procession halted, and D. A. Millington mounted the chair on the wheelbarrow and addressed the crowd and prolonged cheers as follows.


Ladies and Gentlemen: I usually shrink from a position too conspicuous before my fellow citizens, but at present there are two of my friends even more conspicuous than myself, and I will try to stand it. This is the first time I ever figured in a circus, but I have reason to be proud of my surroundings. I see around me the representative talent and gayety of my city and county.

I am escorted by the Cornet Band, the pride of Winfield; the chairmen of the committees of two great parties; the representatives of the artisans who have built the proud structures around me, and the representatives of the press, the bulwark of liberty.

I am following the first officer of our grand, young city, one of the merchant princes of Kansas, one who has done much to make our city what it is and whose fame for enterprise and honor is widely known.

My propelling power is the editor and proprietor of the best and neatest daily published in any Kansas city of the size of this, of the largest, most ably edited and most widely circulated weekly Democratic newspaper in the state, a man who has built the finest printing building and is every inch a man and a gentleman.

I have been told that if one does not "toot his own horn, it will not be tooted," so I will add that I represent the WINFIELD COURIER, the newspaper which has the largest local circulation in the state, and is the best patronized by the people of its county and especially by the businessmen of its city. This fact is the evidence that it is appreciated. For all this I thank you, my fellow citizens.

We claim that the two papers represented here today are the leading county papers of their respective parties in the state. They have by their enterprise beat all other papers in the state in collecting and announcing the returns of the late election. The full returns of Cowley county sent by these were the first to be received at Topeka. They united in the expense of having messengers at every poll in the county, who brought the returns to them as quickly as horse-flesh could carry them after the count was completed. They united in the expense of telegraph returns from all parts of the nation, and each kept bulletin boards to display the news to the anxious, surging crowds of citizens. And now they unite both the victor and the vanquished in pleasant, jolly humor in this celebration.

Charles C. Black then mounted the chair and addressed the people as follows.


Friends, countrymen, and lovers: I came not here to talk. Ye know too well the story of our thraldom. I came with these brown arms and brawny hands to wheel 5,000 pounds (for I believe Mr. Millington weighs 5,000) of editorial wisdom and ability down Main street for your entertainment. I came in a spirit of conciliation. Many hard things have been said during the campaign, now closed. I came in a spirit of forgiveness. I forgive Bro. Millington for all the hard things I have said about him. I forgive him for putting this yoke upon me today. I even forgive him for compelling him to wear this thing (holding up a new silk hat) at my own expense.

I hope today's celebration will heal all the animosities growing out of the late political campaign in the county. Let us have peace. I am glad to see so many present today, helping us ratify. I congratulate everybody upon the general good feeling which prevails, and now, in the language of 20,000 or more orators and candidates, spoken four or five hundred thousand times during the last thirty days, "Thanking you for your kind attendance and attention," I will now step down and out.

The procession then moved on to the Williams House, halted, and Mr. Lafe Pence delivered a short and patriotic address, which we presume was on behalf of Mayor Lynn; after which the procession moved forward another block, counter marched, and dispersed.


The following are the names of the enterprising citizens who brought in the returns from different townships on the night after the election.

Beaver: C. W. Roseberry, M. S. Teter.

Bolton: J. D. Guthrie, from both precincts.

Cedar: James Utt from both precincts. He rode 35 miles in 3-1/2 hours.

Cresswell: Ed Gray, C. R. Mitchell.

Dexter: H. C. McDorman.

Harvey: R. S. Strother.

Liberty: Justus Fisher, Capt. Stubblefield.

Maple: J. B. Johnson; also W. B. Norman, W. P. Heath.

Ninnescah: H. H. Martin; also Leonard Stout, A. A. Jackson.

Omnia: ______ _______.

Otter: C. R. Miles, F. H. Bartgus, also J. J. Smith.

Pleasant Valley: Z. B. Myer, Sampson Johnson, Henry Harbaugh, A. H. Broadwell.

Richland: S. W. Phenix, J. M. Bear, W. H. McCormick, M. Headrick, I. N. Lemmon.

Rock: S. P. Strong, J. M. Harcourt, W. H. Grow, W. H. White, G. L. Gale, R. Booth, H. Fisk, J. B. Holmes.

Sheridan: Charley Irwin, also E. Shriver, L. W. Graham.

Silver Creek: D. O. McCray, also S. S. Moore, ___ McComas.

Silverdale: J. H. Livings.

Spring Creek: Fred Nance.

Tisdale: S. W. Chase, also J. R. McGuire, Walter Deming,

J. S. Baker.

Walnut: J. C. Roberts, also J. S. King, S. E. Berger.

Windsor: A. J. Pickering.

Vernon: J. B. Evans, P. B. Lee, Oscar Wooley, J. F. Paul, W. B. Skinner.

Others ought to have been noticed, but we were so much occupied that we did not take their names.



NOVEMBER 11, 1880.

Hon. C. R. Mitchell, member elect from the 89th representative district, proves to be old 329 himself. His majority is exactly 329, and when Democrats write those figures on postoffice boxes, door steps, and windows after this, C. R. will prosecute them for forgery.

From the official returns as given in the corrected table in this paper, it will be seen that in this county Garfield's plurality is 1,073; St. John's 1,080; Ryan's 1,058; Torrance's, 4,000. In the county Hackney's majority is 774; Jennings, 919; Gans, 912; Bedillion's, 1,121; Story's 484. Lemmon's majority in the 88th representative district is 631; Mittchell's in the 89th is 329. Bullington's majority in the 3rd commissioner district is 164.

Wellington Press: A private letter from Ft. Reno informs us that two squads of Sumner county Oklahoma boomers were brought into the fort under arrest the first of last week. There were seven men in one squad and ten in the other. A detachment of soldiers is kept in Oklahoma constantly, and the Indians are also aroused against the invaders. We would repeat the advice heretofore given: If you want to settle in the Territory, just wait until Uncle Sam gives you permission. It is a big undertaking to "buck" the United States Government.

Since the legislature which is to meet next January is composed of men who will doubtless attend to business and be valuable to the state, we wish the house to have a first class journal clerk. We therefore recommend Fred C. Hunt, of Winfield, for that position. He is a bright, active young man, of unexceptionable character and habits, well educated, writes a neat hand rapidly, and is an ardent republican. He has had valuable experience in writing and book-keeping; has been clerk in the office of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction and deputy county clerk of Cowley county. We believe no better candidate for the position will be presented, and ask for him the favorable consideration of the members elect to the house.




NOVEMBER 11, 1880.

The Wizard Oil outfit is at Arkansas City this week.

L. J. Webb came down from Topeka to save his vote.

St. John ran 7 votes ahead of his ticket in this county.

Rev. D. P. Mitchell ran 31 votes ahead of his ticket in this county.

The Rifles are talking of giving a masquerade ball during the holidays.

Dr. N. M. Schofield, postmaster of Maple City, was in town last Monday.

Capt. H. L. Barker is building a fine residence in the Northeast part of the city.

E. S. Torrance, judge elect, will soon build a fine residence on the Southeast corner of Fuller block.

Mrs. S. J. Ford started Thursday for Oskaloosa, Iowa, where she will remain during the winter.

Mr. Lemmon's residence on east 9th avenue looms up finely since the addition has been completed.

A snow blockade up about Topeka delayed the mail train on the Santa Fe road three hours yesterday.

Every township, precinct, and ward in Cowley county gave a Republican majority in the late election.

It is probable that Professor Gridley, of Oxford, will take care of the grammar department of our schools.

Mr. Palmer's new brick residence on 9th avenue toward the mound is nearly completed, and makes a substantial show.

The Young Men's Social club opened the season last Friday evening with a ball, which is said to have been a complete success.

The marble walls of the Brettun House are going up finely. This Hotel will be the largest and most elegant in Southern Kansas.

It seemed like old times to see the majestic figure of J. A. Paul "threading the airy mazes of the dance," at the opera house last Friday evening.

Mr. O. F. Boyle and lady and Mr. Geo. W. Melville returned from Leadville last Monday morning after a highly argentiferous summers work.

The colored people take this method to thank the Hancock club of this city for the use of their lamps, for their Garfield celebration last Friday evening.

Miss Birdie Godfrey, of Wellington, spent several days of last week in Winfield. She was one of the prettiest and most tastefully dressed ladies at the ball.

One of Lynn & Loose's clerks is bound to be a bachelor all his life. You see that is his name. Telegram.

He is not a batchelor, has been married many years, and his name is not bachelor, but Batchelder.

Ed. Greer started on Saturday afternoon for Illinois to bring home his wife and baby, leaving us without a local again. Mrs. Greer has been absent since July visiting an only sister.

Our fellow townsman, Mr. J. W. Cairns, is enjoying a visit from his sister, Mrs. Smith, from Pennsylvania. We hope she will like Kansas well enough to remain at least all winter.

Miss Jennie Hane is expected home from Freeport, Ill., this week. She writes that she is enjoying her visit very much, but is ready to return. Her many friends will gladly welcome her.

Lemmon ran 29 votes ahead of his ticket in his district.

C. R. Mitchell 45. These are supposed to have been greenback votes. The greater portion of the greenback vote was polled in C. R. Mitchell's district.

Mrs. J. Wade McDonald returned last week from a long visit to her mother in Denver, Colorado. Mrs. A. D. Speed, her sister, preceded her about a week. The two ladies are looking well and seem to have enjoyed their visit.

W. H. Clay, the time honored trustee of Sheridan township, has been assisting Doctor Chapman in the dry goods business in Burden. Mr. Clay is well known throughout that part of the county, and the doctor could not have found in all the county a better assistant than "Hank" Clay.

Through the efforts of Hon. A. B. Lemmon, the Walnut river is to be stocked with trout and shad and perhaps some other kinds of fish. State Fish Commissioner Long has procured us 20,000. They are now on the road. J. P. Short will start today to receive them at Topeka, bring them down, and place them in the river. Telegram.

Married: At the residence of the bride's mother, Mrs. Stewart in Winfield, Nov. 4th, 1880, by Rev. J. Cairns, Samuel E. Kephart and Ella L. Stewart.

W. A. Lee, agent for the Moline Wagon, advertising for a lawyer to do his business that did not dabble in politics, has an application from Pennsylvania oil region, from a lawyer who is agent for a colony, who says that after traveling over a greater portion of the United States, he has about decided to make our county their place of locating.

For Sale: 170 head of choice Merino Ewes, 2 to 4 years old in fine condition. Call on subscriber, 2 miles N. E. of Floral P. O., Cowley Co., Kansas. JACOB T. WRIGHT.

After next Tuesday the rural newspapers will be filled with the annual wail, beseeching farmers to avoid starting prairie fires. The Winfield COURIER doubtless has a double leaded warning already in type, backed by scientific argument that would cause the Sphynx to cover itself with a wet blanket were it stationed where the Walnut River and Timber Creek bifurcate. Clay County Dispatch.

That is so Wirt. We advise you to fight fire awhile to get used to it and help save your part of the country from drouth next year.

The Young Men's Social Club have elected D. L. Kresinger president; Fred Hunt vice President; H. Bahntge secretary; W. A. Smith treasurer. Members elected by ballot and admitted on payment of $3, initiation fee. Monthly dues $1. First meeting this evening. Prof. Fero is engaged as instructor.

We understand how Charlie Black could take his defeat for senatorship so cheerfully. On Monday he held up his head and stepped around as though he had been the victor. On inquiry we learned that it was a boy 9-1/2 pounds, mother and child doing well, father proud and happy.

Notice: We have at our disposal $50,000.00 which we wish to place on 5 years' time within the next two weeks. None but good security need apply.

For Sale: A fine heifer calf, from one of the best milk cows in the county. Inquire of John Forgey, butcher.




NOVEMBER 11, 1880.

Bill of fare of the supper to be given at Manning's Hall, on Thursday, Nov. 11th, by the ladies of the Presbyterian church.

COLD MEATS: Roast turkey with Cranberry sauce.



Boiled ham.

RELISHES: Chicken salad, Cold slaw, Pickles, Pickled

peaches, Pickled eggs, Pickled beets.

BREAD: French Rolls, Boston Brown, Cream-Loaf.

CAKE: Cocanut, Pound, Chocolate, Fruit, Jelly.

MISC.: Tarts, Apple Sauce, Canned Fruit, Jelly.

Tea and Coffee.

Supper, 25 cents. Hall open at five o'clock.

Ice cream table in the east part of the hall. Ice cream and cake, 15 cents.







The Methodist are holding a protracted meeting at the Richland schoolhouse. The services are conducted by Rev. Wilson, of Douglass.

Mr. Casper is putting up a stone building to be used as a smoke house.

It becomes my painful duty to chronicle the death of Mr. Irving Cottingham, who died on Thursday, the 4th inst. He leaves a wife and two little boys who are still quite sick of the same disease that caused the death of Mr. Cottingham. The people throughout the whole country mourn the loss of one of our best and most respected citizens, but none more deeply than his Sunday school class of little girls.

An infant child of Mrs. Miller died on Friday and was buried on Saturday of last week.

Dr. Woodruff has contracted to teach a second term of singing school at this place, and has also organized one at Queen Village. He is a number one teacher.

Mr. James Stephens and Miss Coe were united in the holy bonds of matrimony on Wednesday of last week, at the residence of and by Rev. Irving.

The Monitor and its correspondent at this place did our friend, Mr. Daniel Maher, injustice in last week's paper, by saying he gave aid and comfort to the democracy. I don't think anyone ever heard Mr. Maher say anything in favor of democracy; on the other hand, we all know him to be one of our truest republicans. He was not in favor of Mr. Hackney, but he did not electioneer against him or any other candidate on the Republican ticket. Mrs. Rustic hints in her items that he aspired to the candidacy of state senator on the temperance ticket. Everyone know, that knows anything about Mr. Maher, that he is as free from any aspirations to office as any man we have in the


Our schools have an enrollment of about seventy-five pupils.

Uncle Tom Hart has not given up the election of Hancock, and says that he won't for a month yet.

Capt. Stevens has moved from Winfield to his farm near this place. We are glad to welcome him in our midst.

I saw the smiling faces of Mr. and Mrs. Hooker, of Burden, at church last Sunday. They have three in their family now, instead of two when they left here last winter.

We had a fine rain last night and this morning.

Wheat looks well.

November 9, 1880. SIMON.




NOVEMBER 18, 1880.

Quite a number of new students are enrolled this year. There are now about 400 in attendance.

Mr. S. C. Higgins, one of Cowley county's citizens, has moved with his family to this city.




NOVEMBER 18, 1880.

The historic Libby prison at Richmond has been sold at auction on a deed of trust for $6,725. It was used before and since the war as a tobacco factory.

It is said that Sitting Bull's band are nearly out of ammunition and meat, and propose to surrender so that they may be furnished with arms and ammunition by the government; when they can wage war again.

Sedgwick county gave pluralities as follows: Garfield, 934; St. John, 844; Ryan, 747; Torrance, 2321; Sluss, 1145; Prohibition, 152.

Sumner county gave pluralities as follows: Garfield, 654; St. John, 646; Ryan, 580; Torrance, 2,111; Sluss, 468; Prohibition, 1,193.




NOVEMBER 18, 1880.

The costs of the late election to Cowley county was about $300.

Capt. Payne, the Oklahoma boomer, is ill with fever at Mulvane.

Prof. McKim has commenced a libel suit against the Wellington Press.

James Harden, county treasurer, has recently visited Iowa and returned.

Mr. S. S. Holloway has moved into the city, having rented his farm in Tisdale township.

Rev. T. H. Pryor, of Reynolds, Ill., is visiting his brothers, S. D. and J. D. Pryor, in this city.

The District Court, Judge Campbell presiding, sits in Winfield on Monday, December 6th.

Frank Weakly has been appointed administrator of the estate of Patrick Kirby, deceased.

Mrs. Jewell, the splendid vocalist, is a good writist, as appears at the office of Register of Deeds.

Messrs. O. F. Boyle and Geo. H. Melville propose to visit the old silver mines of Sonora, Mexico, soon.

Mr. Lemmon's vote for representative, 1538, is the largest we have seen reported for any member of the Kansas house.

Winfield got a moderate sprinkle of the excursionists who have lately visited the State. The railroads have no land for sale here.

G. W. Chapman, of Ligonier, Ind., a gentleman of the old school and a steadfast subscriber to the COURIER, called on us last Monday.

Col. J. C. Fuller is happy in the society of his mother, from Lockport, New York, and his eldest brother, of Grunnell, Iowa, who are visiting him.

Mrs. M. C. Tucker got hurt last week by jumping from a wagon when the team was running away. She was badly bruised, but is recovering.

Taylor Fitzgerald is having a very extensive correspondence in the pension agency business. He seems to be the center off the whole country.

When a man tells you that he will leave money at the post office for you, don't believe him. It is only a ruse to get rid of you for the time being.

The funeral of Jose, infant child of J. F. and Kate Holloway, will be attended today, Thursday, at 11 o'clock a.m., at the residence of Mr. S. S. Holloway.

Troup & Lemmon have increased their law library so much of late that they have been compelled to put in a fine, new, large book-case extra. They have a large and fine looking library.

Jennings & Buckman have come to the front, that is they have removed their office from the back room to the front room. We are always glad to see our bright young men move forward.

W. H. Doty, tobacco and cigar dealer on Main street, is about to dispose of his interest in the business. He has been made a liberal offer as engineer on an eastern road by his former employers.

E. S. Torrance has been buying a large amount of law books and probably intends to be fully read up on the questions on which he will have to adjudicate. He has one of the most extensive law libraries in Southern Kansas.

Ex Saint returned Saturday from Kansas City, where he had been spending a week, posting up. He remained in Winfield until Monday evening, when he started again for New Mexico, where he has worked up a very large trade.

The city schools will commence on Monday, Nov. 22nd. The completion of the new buildings will give a First and Second Primary and First and Second Intermediate in each ward. The High School and Grammar Room will be located in the East ward.

The seven miles by nine territory which was formerly Winfield township polled at the late election about 2,000 votes, viz: City 597, Walnut 277, attached to Pleasant Valley 78, attached to Vernon estimated at 48. The population of the old Winfield township is about 5,000.

We are informed that Judge H. W. Martin, who has been the right of way attorney of the K. C. L. & S. railroad, died of typhoid fever at Kansas City on the 7th inst. Judge Martin was a man of high personal and mental qualities and his death will be deeply regretted by all of his acquaintances.

The Ladies of the Winfield Library Association have got the institution to running again. They have done a great amount of work for the benefit of the city, for which they get no remuneration, only in the consciousness of doing good. We ask our citizens to assist and encourage them in every possible way.

J. F. Witherspoon, formerly of the Lindell Hotel, has succeeded J. B. Williams, of the American House, on Main street. He took possession on the 1st inst., has entirely remodeled and furnished it throughout, and it is crowded with guests. It is the intention of Mr. Witherspoon to make this one of the most popular resorts for the travelling and commercial public.

Rev. Isaac M. Frey, who was recently located in Winfield as pastor of the Protestant Episcopal church, has commenced the publication of a paper at Independence called The Parish Churchman. The first number is before us, containing a sermon and other matters of interest. It does not inform us how often it is to be published, but the price is 25 cents a year. It is small but neat.

We have neglected to give Jacob Nixon, our big hearted, energetic Register of Deeds, his due credit for attention to guests and visitors from distant parts of the county. On the morning after the election when there was a crowd from a distance who had come in during the night to get the news, Mr. Nixon took some of them home to breakfast and distributed twenty tickets for breakfast at Ledlies.

Messrs. Lemmon and Hackney paid Mr. Short's expenses to Topeka to receive from state commissioner Long about twenty thousand California trout which were to be used in stocking the Walnut. Mr. Short started from Topeka with them in good shape, but owing to delay of the train caused by eastern excursionists, he was unable to get them here alive. Mr. Lemmon has worked hard to get these fish, and he declares he will not give it up so, but will try it again. Monitor.

Fitzgerald & Co., publishers of the Humboldt Library of popular scientific works, in a letter to Henry Goldsmith, of this city, pay our county the following compliment: "We are surprised to learn how large a sale our 'Library' is meeting with in your town: a sale unequaled save in some of the busy manufacturing centres of New England. Evidently Winfield is settled by Yankess of pure type. At least such appears to us to be the only explanation of the intellectual activity of its people."

For the last few days there have appeared in this city a hundred or two of excursionists who have strayed from the main channels in which they were directed by the railroad interests. The whole number of visitors to Kansas on these late excursion trains from the east cannot be less than 15,000. The Kansas City Times says that in a single day the Santa Fe sent out sixteen cars loaded with them, the Fort Scott, 22 cars, the Union

Pacific, 16. Altogether the Fort Scott has filled about 50 cars, the Santa Fe 60, the Union Pacific 50, and the Missouri Pacific 40, making at least 200.

We expected that between Long and Short we should get 20,000 fish of medium length, but through the series of unforeseen circumstances, we do not get any. Commissioner D. B. Long put up at Topeka for J. P. Short to bring to Winfield 20,000 California trout of the size of about an inch in length. The barrels in which they were to be transported had been used for some other purpose, but were approved by Mr. Long. Mr. Short was instructed to keep ice in the water and keep the water cold.

He shipped with his fish on the regular train, but there were on board about 2,000 excursionists, which made the train so long, heavy, and slow that the ice provided got melted before the journey was half performed. Mr. Short could not get more ice on the way, nor water colder than the wells, and the fish died on his hands. This is the Long and Short of it.

Painters who want a large job of work, apply at this office.

Kill the Dogs That Chase Sheep. No man has a right to keep an animal unless he can prevent the animal from doing damage to persons and property. If a dog attacks sheep, he must be killed on sight. Such a dog was never reformed. Some dogs lately chased sheep belonging to John Stalter, of Rock, and did him damage to the amount of $300 or $400, more than all the dogs in Cowley county are worth. Four of Mr. Stalter's high priced merino bucks were killed, and four others were badly injured. The law should be put in force against such depredations; and if the law is not sufficient, it should be made so during the coming session of the legislature.




NOVEMBER 18, 1880.

Winfield, Nov. 16, 1880.

This statement I make to show the farmers that I have been handling hogs in this county in very small margin. I have shipped to Kansas City and Chicago the following number of hogs from Cowley county. October 1st 1879 to November 1st, 1880, 18,224 head, 4,268,087 pounds, cost $168,250.85.





NOVEMBER 18, 1880.

Died: Clarence H. Hicks, infant son of Henry F. and Mollie Hicks, on Thursday morning, Nov. 11th, 1880, aged two months and eleven days.


Torrance, Nov. 13, 1880. R. E. H.




NOVEMBER 18, 1880.

Married at the Baptist Parsonage, in Winfield, Nov. 14th, 1880, by Rev. J. Cairns, Mr. William P. Phenix and Miss Cora L. Cochran, both of Cowley county.

R. S. Beymer, of Union county, Iowa, called on us last week. He has land in this county, and will be interested in the sheep business here.



NOVEMBER 18, 1880.

Our genial friend, Rudolph Huffmaster, has once more taken up his abode in our city after a summer spent at the Geuda Springs. He has taken charge of Terrill & Ferguson's livery stable on Fifth avenue.

Another party of hunters start for the Cimarron tomorrow: Dr. Chapel, Boon and Jasper Hartsock, George Allen, Will Barnett, and Frank Winans. They propose making a ttrip of about ten days' duration, and doubtless think they are going to kill something.


Somebody started a rumor Monday afternoon, in the neighborhood of the schoolhouse, to the effect that one of the horses belonging to the Wizard Oil troupe was to walk a rope up in town. So excited became the children over the prospects of such a show that it is said the teachers dismissed school in honor of the event. Good enough for the children.




Winfield Courier, November 25, 1880.

While in Winfield last Friday evening, we enjoyed the hospitality and friendship of Messrs. Lynn & Loose, at their elegant and spacious store room for a half hour very pleasantly.

The firm of Lynn & Loose is perhaps one of the oldest in Cowley county: at least the senior member has been engaged in active business at Winfield for the past eight years. A country or town is judged by the inhabitants. The city of Winfield, the most beautiful town in all Kansas, or we may say the west, has a warm place in the affections of all who visit and view her beautiful streets, fine buildings, and become acquainted with her live enterprising people. Men build towns, and LIVE men build good substantial towns. J. B. Lynn, the mayor of the city, is one of the class that believe in enterprise, progress, advancement, and improvement. He is a man of high character, honor, and integrity, and the magnificent building which he has recently erected in Winfield, at a cost of many thousand dollars, will stand as a monument to his energy, enterprise, and progress of spirit. It is a credit not only to Winfield but to Cowley county.

No town in Kansas can present such a fine store room, as well arranged for a general merchandising house as that of Lynn & Loose. It is 25 x 140 feet, two stories with a basement underneath: full length. One hundred and ten feet in front is the dry goods department, and a better displayed stock of goods cannot be found in the State. Thirty feet in the rear is cut off for the grocery department, where everything is kept in a clean and neat manner.

The cellar is filled with heavy articles, such as sugars, coffees, queensware, crockery, salt, provisions, etc. The first one hundred feet in the front, on the second floor, is divided into seven suits of rooms, suitable for law offices. In the rear is a large carpet and clothing room, filled to its fullest capacity. In front of the basement is a fine room which is to be used by a tonsorial artist. A large elevator is erected in the rear of the building, so that heavy goods can be raised from the cellar or lowered from the second story. Altogether, this store is better arranged than any one in Southern Kansas. It is lighted by gas. From what we observed in looking through this fine business room, we judge it contains about $40,000 worth of merchandise. All credit is due to these enterprising men for their energy and push, and the people of Cowley County may well be proud of such substantial men. They are men of worth to any community and are just such as build cities like Winfield. Their fine stone store room would do credit to our large cities. We thank Mr. Lynn for his kindness in showing us through his building.

Burden New Enterprise.



NOVEMBER 25, 1880.

W. L. Mullen shipped five car loads of hogs Tuesday.

Too many quails appear in our markets. It is wicked to kill quails.

Pay your taxes before Dec. 20th if you can and save five percent.

Three thousand turkeys died in Cowley county last evening, the 24th.

Swain & Watkins have the contract for the wood-work of the courthouse wings.

A lamp explosion took place last week at the house of Mr. Sherburn, at Oxford.

Frank Manny talks of converting his brewery into a flouring mill. Good for Frank.

Wood, of the late firm of Wood, Jettinger, & Co., is now the sole owner of the Winfield mill.

W. T. Ekel was relieved of a fine gold watch in Topeka last week by some smart pick-pocket.

We are happy to learn that Judge Martin is not deceased, but is recovering; though slowly.

Max Shoeb has taken a partner, Mr. Brown, in the blacksmithing and wagon making business.

Why don't someone fit up an ice house? They might get a corner on it, as Jim Hill did in 1876.

We hear of cases of the epizootic in mild forms among horses in different parts of the county.

Bahntge & Bro. have sold out their splendid property, corner of 10th and Main, to a Mr. McDonald.

'Squire Kelly has moved his office to the rooms formerly occupied by Jennings & Buckman.

Skating is all the rage among the boys and girls, and the river above the Bliss mill is kept alive and noisy.

Messrs. T. H. Soward and Henry E. Asp have formed a law partnership. It will be an able and active firm.

Miller & Cox give a well-timed lecture on "deceased meats," in this issue.

N. C. Myers and family spent last Sunday with Hon. C. R. Miller and family, of Wichita, returning Monday noon.

Mrs. C. A. Bliss is home again at last. She arrived Saturday evening. We hope that her health is materially benefited.

The officers of the military company left for Topeka, Tuesday, to attend a meeting of state militiamen at that place Wednesday.

Wm. McGraw, whom we met at Albuquerque last February, has returned to Winfield to spend the winter with his family we presume.

Wm. R. Land, a former citizen of this county, but now residing in Arkansas, is visiting his father, James H. Land, and other friends in this vicinity.

Dressed chickens are selling at 5 cents per pound; dressed turkeys at 6 cents per pound. A great many quails are being brought in. They sell at $1.25 per dozen.

Miss Fannie Skinner, of Bolton township, has secured a position to teach at the Ponca agency.

Ex-treasurer Bryan settled with the County Commissioners last week, and it was found that his accounts did not agree with those of the County Clerk by one cent.

Tax paying commenced at the county treasurer's office a week ago, and Mr. Harden and Will Wilson are kept busy taking in greenbacks. If on going to pay your taxes, you find them higher than last year, don't lay it to the assessor, but remember that we had no bridge bond tax, and now have to pay for the two years.

Frank Barclay has put up a handsome sign, the work of Schrudl & Blomburg. Mr. Barclay has fitted up the basement of Read's bank building, in which his shop will hereafter be.

John Moffitt, wife, and baby left for Illinois Monday. John goes back to look after large property interests there, while Mrs. Moffitt visits. He will return in two weeks and she will stay all winter.

"Krets." has again taken up his Faber, and the columns of the Daily fairly sparkle with the productions of his lively imagination. As long as almanacs and exchanges hold out, Krets will make a good local page.

The ladies of the Baptist Church gave a social at the residence of Col. McMullen last Thursday evening. It was largely attended and the Colonel's elegant parlors were filled to overflowing with the elite of the city.

Frank Weakly, administrator of the estate of Patrick Kirby, will sell the personal effects of the deceased on December 3rd. Persons who desire to purchase cattle, hogs, horses, farming implements, or household goods on easy terms should attend this sale.


Many persons do not understand the stray laws of the state. If a stray is taken up, it must be advertised in the Kansas Farmer. Every county clerk is required to keep a file of the Farmer in his office for reference. If you have lost a horse, go to the clerk's office, look over the Kansas Farmer, and if your horse has been taken up anywhere in the state, it will be advertised in the stray list. A gentleman from Sumner county called at the courthouse last week inquiring about a horse which had strayed from him and which he had been anxiously hunting for a week. County Clerk Hunt turned to his file of the Farmer and pointed out his horse in the first number. It had been taken up by a neighbor not more than a mile from the owner's house. So it is in many cases, and if all who read this will bear it in mind, it may prove of value to them.


The Telegram urges the necessity of water works, or some adequate means of controlling fires. Its warning is a timely one and should be heeded. The season of fires is now upon us, and we may be called upon at any minute to turn out and help save our city from this devouring element. In what condition are we to meet it? Most of the wells along Main street are dry, hence the "soda-fountain" would be useless. We would just simply have to stand in the street and let the raging demon work its own sweet will. We have had one costly warning: shall we fold our arms and wait for a more disastrous one? Now is the time to act, we willingly join hands with the Telegram in urging this matter upon the citizens.


When Ex Saint was en route to New Mexico last week, Wednesday, he called on Mr. and Mrs. T. A. Wilkinson, at La Junta. Mrs. Wilkinson was sick of the place and did not like her surroundings. It was snowing so the train was provided with two engines and twenty shovelers. About half way to Trinidad the train plunged into a long cut filled with snow, and "stuck". The east bound train was four miles ahead, "stuck" also. The shovelers succeeded in cutting a passage through in a few hours. At Trinidad he met J. B. McMillen, who was temporarily selling goods for a Chicago house. Mac goes on to New Mexico with Ex.


S. M. Jarvis, of the great real estate and money loaning firm of Gilbert, Jarvis & Co., returned from the east last week, where he has been spending some seven weeks visiting and looking up business. He has been well fed and looks plump and healthy. He found money close in the eastern markets just before the October elections, a little easier from then until the November elections, and then the purse strings relaxed and money seeking investments became suddenly abundant.


Levi is making a general stir in the clothing market. He has recently had put into his hands for sale a lot of clothing owned by a wholesale house in Philadelphia. They have concluded to go out of business, and have turned their entire stock over to Mr. Levi for sale at such prices as will most quickly dispose of the bgoods. He will receive and open them up in a few days, when some astonishing bargains will be given.

AD: I have in my possession from an Eastern Wholesale House, which are retiring from business, and I must close out their entire stock, which consists of over


which will be sold as follows:

SUITS WORTH $11.50 TO BE SOLD AT $ 7.35,

SUITS WORTH $ 8.00 TO BE SOLD AT $ 5.75,

SUITS WORTH $14.00 TO BE SOLD AT $10.25,

SUITS WORTH $18.00 TO BE SOLD AT $13.90,

SUITS WORTH $22.00 TO BE SOLD AT $19.50.

Good Chincilla Overcoats worth $10.00 to be sold at $7.50.

Very fine Overcoats worth $14.00 to be sold at $9.00.

Overcoats worth $3.50 to be sold at $2.50.

Single Coats worth $6.00 to be sold at $3.50.

A Good Working Coat worth $4.00 to be sold at $2.75.

The above goods must be sold out by January 1st, 1881, and there will be no deviation under any circumstances, as the above will sold for less than manufacturing prices. Call early and secure bargains. I can fit a man weighing 300 lbs. in the same goods.

Great Philadelphia Clothing House,

First Door North of Post Office.




Dave Stump is working at the case in the Press office at Wellington. The first "typographical row" we ever had was with Dave, when he wanted to make up the old Telegram forms with a break line at the head of a column. Dave was foreman, our advice was gratis, and we got kicked out of the office for our pains. Since then our paths have been separate, and Dave can make up his forms out of the ______ box for all we care.

Business was very lively Saturday, and our businessmen correspondingly happy. The past few days have shown an upward tendency in the hog market, they being quoted at $3.80 to $4 per hundred. This has had the effect of bringing in a large number of hogs, and shippers are kept busy. Corn also commands a fair price, and is selling by the wagon load for 35 cents per bushel. Wheat is quoted at 60 to 75 cents and not much is coming in.


The courthouse repairs are going on apace. The work on the new wings has been stopped on account of the recent "spell" of weather. The inside work is beng done by P. W. Watkins. He has removed the partitions and has made four rooms instead of six in the lower story of the old building. With the present improvements, our courthouse is one of the most commodious in Southern Kansas.


Wirt W. Walton is a candidate for re-election to the office of Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives this winter. As no one else has been spoken of in connection with the place, we suppose he will get it. Will not the Clay Center Dispatch raise its voice in righteous indignation at this attempt at "third-termism," or is this "a horse of another color."


C. Trump, formerly with S. H. Myton, has started a tin shop, hardware, and stove store first door east of Harter's drug store. Mr. Trump is acknowledged to be the best tinsmith in town. Give him a call when you want good honest work at 25 percent less than you have been paying.




NOVEMBER 25, 1880.

A certain firm in Winfield makes a statement that meats from the packing house of Plankinton & Armour are superior to that of home productions, using this as an excuse for selling meats from this firm.

Just let us consider the proposition one minute.

Plankinton & Armour buy their hogs from all parts of the country, and as a result they get many that are diseased: some with cholera, and others with that still more horrible disease, the trichina spiralis.

Now we use Cowley county hogs; our customers know exactly what they are buying, and are assured of the fact that they run no risk of being killed by diseased meat. For it is a fact that Cowley county has no diseased hogs.

Another point. The foreign firm named uses a large amount of saltpeter, which injures the meat, and is unhealthy. We cure with salt instead.

In conclusion, we want to say to our patrons that we buy our hogs here. We pack our own meats and sell the products, and in patronizing us, you patronize a home market. Keep your money at home, and get meats that are cheaper and better than Plankington & Armour's, or other man's who packs in large cities.

We claim for our meats that they are better at the same price, and can prove it by customers who have used both.

If you want meats of any kind, we invite you to call at a home market.


P. S. Wanted: Two or three good hands to pick chickens.

Butchers preferred.






NOVEMBER 25, 1880.

The Winfield schools are underway with ten rooms occupied and ten teachers, viz:

Mrs. Will B. Caton, first primary, first ward, north room, first floor.

Miss Mary A. Bryant, first primary, second ward, south room, first floor.

Miss Laura Bartlett, second primary, first ward, east room, first floor.

Miss Jennie Melville, second primary, second ward, north room, first floor.

Miss Alice Aldrich, first intermediate, first ward, west room, first floor.

Miss Allie Klingman, first intermediate, second ward, south room, second floor.

Miss Cook, second intermediate, first ward, north room, second floor.

Miss Sarah Hodges, second intermediate, second ward, north room, second floor.

Prof. A. Gridley, Jr., grammar, first ward, east room, second floor.

Prof. E. T. Trimble, high school, first ward, west room, second floor.

The schools will soon be perfectly organized, graded, and in the best working order.

Prof. Trimble is the principal and Prof. Gridley, assistant. Their departments receive pupils from both wards, in the other departments the pupils will attend the schools in their own wards.



NOVEMBER 25, 1880.

We regret that we have to record the failure of the dry goods and grocery firm of Williams & Jettinger, who have occupied the building vacated by Lynn & Loose. They opened up about three months ago, and were apparently doing a good business until Monday morning, when the goods were turned over to Mr. E. P. Kinne on behalf of the creditors. Mr. Jettinger is also partner in the old Bliss mill. The liabilities of the firm, we understand, were very heavy. It is not yet known what effect this break well have upon the mill firm. Mr. Kinne still has charge of the stock, amounting to about ten or twelve thousand dollars, and will dispose of it to the best advantage for the creditors.




NOVEMBER 25, 1880.

Trial docket for December term, commencing on the first Monday (6th day) of December, A. D. 1880:


John P. Baden el al.

Alfred Conway.

Thomas R. Shannon.

James Cunningham.

Theodore Miller.

John Land.

Thomas F. King.

Robert E. Lewis.

Clinton Grimes.


Patrick Harkins vs. David F. Edmonds.

C. C. Harris vs. Sanford Day et al.

Mercy M. Funk vs. Cynthia Clark et al.

Christopher C. Harris vs. J. B. Lynn.

W. H. H. Maris vs. T. W. Gant el al.

Pierpont & Tuttle vs. Lucy A. Clarke et al.

Nancy Rogers vs. O. F. Boyle et al.

James Kelly vs. Frank Manny.

J. A. Myton vs. S. E. Myton et al.

James Jordan vs. C. S. & Ft. S. R. R. Co.

M. E. Bolton vs. Caroline Arnold.

S. D. & J. D. Pryor vs. Frank Lowry et al.

Chicago Lumber Co. vs. T. A. Wilkinson et al.

John Lowry vs. C. S. & Ft. S. R. R. Co.

Seymour Tarrant vs. David Hitchcock.

Seymour Tarrant vs. Charles L. Harter et al.

Benjamin F. Cox vs. Flora E. Covert et al.


B. B. Vandeventer vs. S. K. & W. R. R. Co.

M. L. Read vs. William S. Page et al.

Sylvester W. Chatterson vs. L. K. Myers, sheriff.

John S. Mann vs. J. D. Burt et al.

John R. Lynn vs. S. K. & W. R. R. Co.

M. L. Read vs. Francis M. Small et al.

M. L. Read vs. John J. Breene et al.

Curns & Manser vs. Warren Gilleland.

J. W. Lane vs. R. S. Green.

John Stuart vs. B. Corrygan.

Edward Geist vs. B. Corrygan.

John Templeton vs. B. Corrygan.

J. E. Hayner & Co. vs. R. L. Cowles.

William D. Ragon vs. John Brooks.

Emma J. Keffer vs. George Brown et al.

Appling & Burnet vs. Leland J. Webb et al.

Nancy J. Stansbury vs. George W. Rogers.

Ed G. Cole vs. S. K. & W. R. R. Co.


Mater & Son vs.l S. K. & W. R. R. Co.

M. L. Read vs. James H. Maggard.

Emma J. Keffer vs. A. T. Shenneman et al.

Albert P. Johnson vs. S. K. & W. R. R. Co.

Edward Martin & Co. vs. W. M. Boyer et al.

John L. Burke vs. John A. Wallace.

Joseph M. Weeks vs. A. T. & S. F. R. R. Co.

Oscar F. Weeks vs. A. T. & S. F. R. R. Co.

John Brooks vs. Jones B. Williams et al.

Martha C. Dyer vs. Andrew R. Wilson.

H. M. Rogers vs. Riley C. Story et al.

Daniel Bell vs. County Commissioners.

J. K. Harmon vs. County Commissioners.

C. C. Hollister vs. County Commissiones.

Larkin & Young vs. Spotswood & Co.

George M. Miller vs. John Gleason et al.

Robert M. Snyder vs. John Gleason et al.


Sarilda Baxton vs. Clayton A. Baxton.

Eliza J. Bowen vs. Elisha Bowen.

Miles L. Smith vs. William P. Olney et al.

H. F. Bartine vs. Mary C. Caywood et al.

William Case vs. Albert Chamberlain.

D. M. Osborn & Co. vs. Godferd ast et al.

Harry McNeil vs. A. T. Shenneman.

John Moffit vws. John W. Smiley et al.

A. Furrst & Co. vs. Knisley & Bowles.

Ferdinand Westheimer & Co. vs. Knisley & Bowles.

Myer & Myer vs. Knisley & Bowles.

John Smiley vs. Thomas Wright et al.

F. S. Jennings vs. Lyman C. Wood et al.

A. Meyer & Co. vs. Knisley & Bowles.

James F. Miller vs. John P. Baden.

Ella M. Barret vs. Isaac H. Barrett.

Jesse Wilmot vs. Clarke & Dysert.


George W. Chaplin vs. Leon Lippman et al.

Truman C. Woodruff vs. Jennie M. Woodruff.

Joseph W. Pagley vs. A. T. Shenneman.

Stephen D. Thomas et al vs. David S. Sherrard.

Parmelia E. Coleman vs. John Coleman.

John A. Hurst vs. Ellen Hurst.

Mary Lawson vs. Peter Lawson.

John F. Johnson vs. Martha Johnson.

Wyland J. Keffer vs. T. C. Norman.

McCord, Nave & Co. vs. A. T. Shenneman.

Susan McGuire vs. James N. McGuire.

Idaw W. Patterson vs. A. T. Shenneman.

Lucy Carter vs. Eli Carter.

James Fahey vs. W. M. Boyer, Police Judge.

City of Winfield vs. James Fahey. [2 cases]

City of Winfield vs. Joseph Poor.

Martha Ryan vs. Thomas Ryan.


J. C. McMullen vs. William Tousley, et al.

Joseph W. Scorres vs. Jacob G. Titus et al.

John W. Dunn vs. William M. Null.

Malin Fowler & Co. vs. Knisley & Bowles.

John Himelspach vs. Knisley & Bowles.

Ida Arnold vs. Elizabeth Dressell et al.

John B. Fleming vs. C. C. Krow.

Winfield Bank vs. F. M. Linscott et al.

Moore Brothers vs. J. H. McBeth.

J. L. Byers vs. W. B. Seward et al.

James Jordan vs. Calvin Coon et al.

S. H. Myton vs. Jacob Troxel et al.

Mary J. Gilky [?] vs. Robert Goodrich.

Emma A. Bullock vs. W. H. H. Bullock.

James Dawson vs. John St. Clair.

J. C. McMullen vs. A. McCarney et al.

M. L. Read vs. H. Tisdale et al.

Basheba Goodell vs. Charles Goodell.

W. H. Fritch vs. T. M. Maddox.

H. E. Andrews Bx vs. James P. Fleek et al.

Dye Brothers & Co. vs. Baird Bros.

Samuel Thompson vs. William Titsworth

Thomas J. Jackson vs. James P. Williams et al.

E. S. BEDILION, Clerk.



DECEMBER 2, 1880.

Miss Sadie McIntire is visiting at Mr. Yarbrough's.

Mr. Robbins returned from a visit to Emporia last week.

Miss Hattie Pontious is visiting her sister, Mrs. Hooker, at Burden.

There was a social hop at Williams' new house on Thanksgiving evening.

Mr. Read, our merchant, has purchased a fine horse. I suppose he is going to have a team as soon as he can find a match for him.

It is said that Mr. Allen cheated Robertson out of a horse. Some of the ladies say that Allen's horse cannot carry home a washing of soap.

Mr. I. N. Lemmon rides seven miles to school. He is teaching at Queen Village. SIMON.


Winfield Courier, December 2, 1880.

Major Powell has eight parties in the field engaged in making a study of the North American Indians: their condition, their habits of life, their languages, their history, etc., as well as taking a census of them. These parties, who are roughing it with tents, mule teams, etc., are scattered throughout California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, and Arizona, and Major Powell is going to visit them all to ascertain personally how they are progressing with their work; he will probably be absent about two months. The taking of the Indian census was begun October 1st, and will probably not be finished until next spring, owing to the scattered locations of the various tribes. The name of every Indian is written out in full, together with his age, sex, etc., and other statistics are obtained, just the same as of the civilized citizens of the United States, as far as practicable. Besides these eight ethnological parties who are doing this work, there are special agents of the census bureau, who are assisting with the various Indian agents. It is estimated that the total number of Indians in the United States will foot up over 300,000. One of Major Powell's parties has just discovered in New Mexico and Arizona a number of old ruins and pueblos, which means old Indian villages. These are now being carefully explored. In New Mexico they have discovered, west of Santa Fe, the largest collection of ruins ever found on this continent.



DECEMBER 2, 1880.

Capt. Dave Payne and other boomers do not succeed very well in getting up such a grand rush to the Indian Territory as to over power the government as they assert was done at the Black Hills. Concluding that their inability to repeat the Black Hill experiment arises from the lack of a gold excitement, there are now in circulation, canards about the discovery of gold, silver, and lead in the Wichita Mountains, and the boomers are being organized into mining companies.




DECEMBER 2, 1880.

Fred C. Hunt, our popular and efficient Deputy Clerk, is a candidate for Journal Clerk of the next House. It is doubtful whether there is a gentleman in the State better qualified for the position. Winfield Monitor.

We cheerfully bear witness to Fred's ability and would be glad to see him succeed to any position his ambition aspires. The position of Journal Clerk demands a ready writer, prompt attendance on session hours, and a man with the patience of a Job. We know the young man well and think he would fill the bill. Clay Center Dispatch.




DECEMBER 2, 1880.

The directors of the following named roads have made an arrangement to consolidate their stocks into one corporation and management called The Kansas City, Topeka and Western Railroad company. The terms of the consolidation are, that the stock of the Kansas City, Lawrence and Southern is to be taken up at 95 cents on the dollar, the stock of the Southern Kansas and Western at 75 cents on the dollar, and the stock of the Sumner county at 75 cents, and the stock of the Kansas City, Topeka and Western substituted therefor at par. This latter stock is to be taken at par and paid for by secured 5 percent 40 year bonds of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad company. The present Lawrence, Topeka and Western railroad is the line from Kansas City to Topeka which has been operated by the A., T. & S. F. under a lease. The K. C., L. & S. is the road from Lawrence (and we think from Olathe) to Independence and Coffeyville.

The S. K. & W. is the road from Independence via Winfield to Harper; and the Sumner county is the branch from Wellington to Hunnewell. It is the S. K. & W. in which Cowley county owns $68,000 of stock. The proposition so far as it affects this county substantially involves the sale of our $68,000 of stock for $51,000 A. T. & S. F. five percent 40 year bonds.

We are inclined to think that this would be a good operation for this county. The bonds would doubtless sell at any time at par in cash while the railroad stock may never be worth more than 75 cents on the dollar and in case of a financial revulsion, it might go down to next to nothing.

There never was a time when railroad stocks were so much in demand as they are at present. The scramble of Jay Gould and several great corporations to get control of so many railroad lines by buying in a majority of their stocks has so inflated railroad stocks that they sell much above their real value. How long this state of things is going to continue cannot now be seen but it is probable that some of these operators will before long get so heavily loaded that there will be a magnificent failure like that of Jay Cook in 1873 when the bubble will burst and railroad stock such as ours will not sell for ten cents on the dollar. At the same time first mortgage and other well secured railroad bonds will be but little affected by the money stringency that would ensue for they must first be paid. The sale of a road to pay such bonds has usually frozen out the stock entirely and rendered it worthless.

We suppose the consolidation will be affected by the directors, whether our county as a stockholder in one of the roads consents or not; but we suppose the exchange of our stock for the bonds cannot be made without a vote of the people. A proposition in relation to the matter has been sent to J. S. Hunt, county clerk, to be laid before the commissioners for their action. We do not know what will be done about it, but presume the commissioners would wish to have the matter laid before the people, and would desire to have an expression from as many as possible in relation to the matter.




DECEMBER 2, 1880.

Wirt W. Walton is talked of again for chief clerk of the house. For that position we do not think he can be beat. He will get the place without opposition if he will accept.

Two human skeletons have been found in a cave near Silver Cliff, Colorado, and it is supposed that they are those of two of the earlier adventurers into the mines in that locality. Two bars of gold worth $900 were found with them.

There is now in the Cowley County treasury $1,100 of the old Winfield township funds, raised to pay the bridge bond indebtedness, and it is said that there is no authority to pay it out without an act of the legislature, notwithstanding that there are $2,000 of the old bridge bonds now due besides $200 in interest. If we were Gen. Jackson and had the management of this matter, we would "take the responsibility" and pay out this $1,100 on these bonds "quicker than you can say Jack Robinson."



DECEMBER 2, 1880.

I notice that a new hand is wielding the pen at Fairview. I do not think Buena Vista was cut out for a newspaper correspondent. But think she would be better employed at the hard end of a broom.

John E. Mitchell, the "hogman," has removed his family to this burg.

Prof. Rounds, of Tisdale, has organized a singing school here. The Prof. is an experienced and efficient teacher.

Mr. Mitchell has secured the services of "Judge" Cunningham to assist him in buying hogs. The "Judge" has had a great deal of experience in the hog business, and "Mitch" could not have made a better selection.





DECEMBER 2, 1880.

A new paper is to be started at Torrance.

R. P. Goodrich keeps a good hotel at Maple City.

Fred Nance is a wide-awake hotel keeper at Maple City.

Dr. Fleming is on the move with his drug store again.

Miller & Cox were displaying six fine deer last Saturday.

G. W. Childers, of Cedar, is wintering seven hundred sheep.

Will Finch has returned from the mountains and the mines.

The hog market is still brisk. The price is $1 per hundred.

S. Suss is an itinerant merchant from a Cincinnati house.

The Monitor understands that Windsor township wants to divide.

Senator Pyburn will be found at his old quarters in the Page building.

Henry Goldsmith went to St. Louis last week, but returned Saturday.

The Arkansas City post office has been made a presidential office with a salary of $2,000 a year.

The K. C., L. & S. are about putting up a wind machine to pump water for their tank at this place.

House to rent. Three rooms, well, cellar, etc., good location, $12 per month. Call at the COURIER office.

For Trade. A well improved farm for a good stock of store goods. Inquire at the Tisdale post office.

The bankrupt sale developed the fact tht we have a few sneal thieves in Winfield. Many goods were carried away Saturday without being paid for.

Wood brings good prices, ranging from four to six dollars a cord. A large amount has been brought into town lately.

A new warehouse for storing grain is in progress of building at the K. C., L. & S. depot. S. A. Brown & Co., are the proprietors.

Telegram: Conductor Miller, of the A., T. & S. F., had his hand badly crushed while coupling cars Thanksgiving morning at Mulvane.

Baird Bros. had a grand run at the Williams & Jettinger store last Saturday. The house was crowded all day and ten salesmen were kept busy.

The county superintendent is trying to locate and distribute the state fund, some twenty-two hundred dollars, now in the county treasury, but uncalled for by school districts.

Judge Stivers and wife, of Fredonia, Kansas, came over to eat turkey with their children, M. G. Troup and wife, and George R. Stivers. The judge is hale and looks in the prime of life.

J. M. P. Butler has gone into the service, for the winter, of a wholesale jewelry firm of St. Jo. His partner, George A. Schroeler, will continue at the old stand to attend to customers.

The Monitor calls attention to the condition of our bridges. That is correct. These matters should be attended to, and the press should keep up a noise about it until it is attended to.

Mr. Wm. Wood and wife, of Ohio, are visiting his brother, Cliff M. Wood, in this city. He is enthusiastic in praise of our city and county, but his magnificent farm in Morrow county will keep him from desiring a change.

Commonwealth: Eugene Bacon, of Winfield, a watchmaker, has come to Topeka and gone into that business. His office is with Stringham & Phillips. Mr. Bacon will be remembered by many as Docket Clerk of the Senate in 1873 and 1876.

Baird Bros. bought the full Williams & Jettinger stock of goods for $7,750 cash. They sold out the groceries to J. A. Earnest. It is considered that this will pay off the chattel mortgages and 67 percent on the other liabilities of the late firm.

Arkansas City Traveler: The Arkansas river bridge is reported to be on the move towards the Bolton shore. Mr. Parvin is our authority and states that by actual measurement the whole fabric has already receded some eight inches from the northern bank.

Dave Dix is the boss well digger of the county. Last Friday he pulled the wall out of S. W. Greer's well, sunk it two feet in solid rock, and had the wall partly in again before dark. The family were deprived of the use of the well only twenty-four hours.

Henry Goldsmith has struck a lead which will be of great benefit to the people of this county. It is the extensive information usually found in encyclopedias and scientific works at a cost of from $100 to $200, which is put up in a cheap form and can be had at less than one-tenth of the usual cost. The people are taking hold of this opportunity, and Mr. Goldsmith is the instrument of a higher culture and wide intelligence in our midst.

Next week Uncle Isaac Comfort leaves Winfield for Wisconsin, where he will hereafter reside with his daughter. Uncle Isaac has been one of the fixtures of Winfield almost since the birth of the town. His kindly face has always been welcome at our fireside, and his words of encouragement have helped many who were just beginning the battle of life. He always had a kind word for his friends, and although bodily infirmities weighed heavily upon him, he bore them bravely and struggled on without a murmur, until borne down by the weight of seventy years, he is compelled to give up, and will pass his few remaining years among his children.

B. F. Baldwin writes from Silver Cliff, Colorado, that he has been settled there a week and expects to remain permanently. He is in business there and likes the place very much. He has an excellent cattle ranch about eight miles northeast of Colorado Springs, which rents for nearly two thousand dollars a year.

R. F. Burden, the father of our town, brought in some young cottonwood trees last Friday and set out six in front of our office. He told us to state to our readers that a can of dynamite was planted underneath each tree, and the first fellow who had no more sense than to hitch a horse to one of them, would get blowed to Torrance. If this isn't sufficient, we shall plant three shot-guns in front of each tree, and then look out. Burden Enterprise.

G. W. Childers, while digging for water to supply his sheep, on his farm on Rock Creek, in Cedar township, cut through a vein of coal twelve to fourteen inches thick. Further investigation shows that the vein extends through a large tract of land. He immediately got out two loads of coal, which he sold at Cedar Vale for 25 cents per bushel. He has employed several hands and will supply the whole section. Samples sent to us are an excellent article. We think he has a bonanza.

The saloon men have resolved to test the prohibition matter and have opened their saloons again. They believe that the courts will hold that they have the right to sell until their licenses expire. They will be prosecuted and the matter will go through the District Court at this term, and a decision will probably be rendered by the Supreme Court by the first of March.

Among the COURIER graduates who have made their mark as editors are Vinnie Becket, of the Norton Advance; Wirt W. Walton, of the Clay Center Dispatch; Tell W. Walton, late of the Mulvane Herald; Tom C. Copeland, of the Elk Falls Signal; Abe Steinbarger, of the Howard Courant; and Frank W. Frye, of the Labette County Democrat.

Beyond a doubt some parties are stealing cattle from the different herds in the territory. Thomas Hill, on Bitter Creek, has lost twenty one head, ten of them branded O on the left hip, and eleven with a diamond brand on right hip, and we have heard of a number of others who have sustained losses. Traveler.

Charley Black paid an eight dollar water bill since the saloons closed, and he doesn't like water very much either.




DECEMBER 2, 1880.

The Prohibitory Amendment to be Enforced.

Monday morning the saloons of Winfield were notified by the temperance committee that unless they quit selling liquor they would be prosecuted. The saloon men held a census and at 11 o'clock all the saloons in the city closed their doors and refused to sell liquor. It is thought that the four saloons will combine and make a test case. If this is not done, they will probably enter suit against the city for the amount due on their unexpired licenses. The temperance people are firm in their resolution to prosecute any and all infringements of the law, and money to carry on such prosecutions has been pledged. The matter is creating much comment.

LATEST. The saloons have opened and are selling again. It is understood that a special case is to be made against R. Ehret, which is to go through the courts as quickly as possible, and the other saloons are to abide the decision of the Supreme Court in this case.




DECEMBER 9, 1880.

Though we have had occasion to say some unpleasant things of Judge W. P. Campbell, as a fair and impartial journalist we should say good things of him when we think he deserves it. We expressed our admiration of his course two years ago when he had the manliness to assert his clear and sound views of the currency question in the face of general popular clamor. He now exhibits the same clear, strong sense in an article in the Eagle on the Oklahoma boom. We give an extract. Read it. It will do good.

"To the Editor of the Eagle:

I wish, through the Eagle, to give my views of Payne's raid upon Oklahoma. My purpose is to do what I can to save a few honest, hard-working men from being entrapped into a scheme that is not intended for their benefit, and can only end in loss to anyone who has anything to lose, and trouble and difficulty to all who go to Oklahoma in opposition to the National authorities.

I echo the sentiments of a large majority of the solid businessmen and farmers of this city and county, when I say that no honest laboring man can afford to be used by these Oklahoma boomers. And it is the wish of all such that their scheme will fail, as it certainly will. There is a sense of justice and honor and a disposition to abide by the law characteristic of the American people that when the test comes, will knock the wadding out of all such business.

Payne and his coadjutors pretend that there is no act of Congress against his going into the Oklahoma country, so called. But the law is too plain to be explained away on a flimsy technicality. The law prohibits anyone going into the Indian country without leave, and makes it the duty of the President to remove all intruders, and for that purpose to use the army if necessary. A second intrusion subjects the offender to a fine of one thousand dollars. The phrase "Indian country" is one of long and well understood meaning and includes Oklahoma as much as it does any Indian reservation, within the limits of the Indian Territory. Payne and his crowd laugh at this penalty inasmuch as it is merely a civil liability, and does not subject them to imprisonment. But before they can succeed in this movement, they must have the cooperation of men who are not indifferent about such matters. The only hope they have of success is to precipitate into the country such numbers that the army will be powerless to remove them until Congress shall be forced to recognize and legalize their occupancy.

If they could find the precious metals to tempt the cupidity of man, their scheme, lawless as it is, might succeed. But when you ask a man to risk his little all, and go to hard work, plowing in the ground, he is in no haste to do so. The average Oklahoma boomer is little given to plowing, except by proxy. He expects to reap a rich harvest from the sweat of other men's brows, and unless they delude a significant number of poor workingmen into the idea that by joining the expedition they can better their condition and obtain a valuable homestead in this promised land, their speculations will prove fruitless.

If asked to give the best reasons for opposing the Oklahoma raid, I answer, because it is not right. It sets at defiance the laws and treaties of the National Government, and the President cannot, under his oath of office, permit it to be done, and is charged by every consideration of honor, good faith, and duty, to prevent it, by the whole power of the army, if necessary.




DECEMBER 9, 1880.

On the second Tuesday in January Mr. Burden leaves the board of county commissioners and is succeeded by Mr. L. B. Bullington. For six years, Mr. Burden has been a member of the board and to his energy, tact, and splendid business qualifications, assisted by the counsel and advice of Mr. Gale, now the senior member more recently by Mr. Harbaugh, the people of Cowley county are largely indebted for the successful manner in which their business has been transacted.

Mr. Bullington, the incoming member, will prove a worthy successor to Mr. Burden. From an intimate association with him during the last campaign, we found him to be a first class businessman, a close observer, an open, outspoken gentleman, and one in whom the people may safely confide their interests. With Messrs. Gale, Harbaugh, and Bullington at the helm, the affairs of Cowley county will be in safe hands.




DECEMBER 9, 1880.

The county Commissioners met last Tuesday to consider the proposition to change the stock in the Southern Kansas and Western railroad belonging to this county at seventy-five cents on the dollar for Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe five percent forty year bonds at par. After a full discussion of the matter, they decided that they were not authorized to make any disposition of the stock without first submitting the question to a vote of the people, giving thirty days notice, and that it was impossible to do this in the limited time given. They however determined to investigate the matter to ascertain what our stock can be sold for, and to ascertain the value and security of the bonds offered, and then determine what is best to be done. The general feeling was that we should accept a cash offer or an offer of the bonds of our county at seventy-five cents on the dollar for the stock or even a considerable less. The commissioners desire an expression of the people as to whether they shall call an election in the matter and under what circumstances.

We would ask some friend in every township and neighborhood to ascertain the sentiment about him and inform us by letter or postal card.




DECEMBER 9, 1880.

EDS. COURIER: The Catholics of Winfield, under the efficient leadership of Rev. G. M. Kelly, are preparing to have a grand fair the last three days in December. As the cause is a worthy one, it is hoped that all our citizens will assist in every possible manner to make it a success.

When the present pastor came to Winfield, he found matters in a rather precarious condition, but through that untiring zeal and ambition which is a peculiar trait in his character, he went to work at once, worked hard and faithfully until he established and built up his congregation, which is at present an honor and credit to the city of Winfield.

Having first fitted up the church in a proper manner for the worship of the Most High, his next aim was to procure a neat, comfortable little parsonage. It is in order to clear this of debt, that the fair is to be conducted under his supervision. It is not saying too much, especially to those who are acquainted with Father Kelly, that an evening or two spent at his fair will not be lost time. All who know him say he is a man of pleasing and gaining ways, and it is promised that he and all the members of his church will make it as pleasant a time as will be afforded the public during the winter.





DECEMBER 9, 1880.

Ed. Cole is off on a trip to New Mexico.

The attendance at court this session is larger than usual.

Our city schools are too full for comfort in some departments.

E. H. Bliss has gone east. He will visit New York and other villages.

Taylor Fitzgerald left for Kansas City Tuesday morning on a business trip.

The I. O. G. T. lodge of Winfield numbers about one hundred and ten members.

A. J. Thompson is building a handsome house on east Ninth avenue, for rent.

Last week Frank Manny put up one hundred tons of ice, five and a half inches thick.

The epizootic has attacked most of the horses of the county with a few fatal results.

The traffic in quails has stopped, owing to a drop in the market from $1.20 per dozen to 50 cents.

The "we told you so" fellows are in their glory since the official announcement of the railroad change.

Our intelligent compositor last week made the salary of the postmaster at Arkansas City read $2,000 instead of $1,200 according to copy.

The Brettun House is booming away nicely. The walls of the basement and first and second stories are up and make a magnificent appearance.

The "Hotel de Siverd" will be deserted again next week. Only regular boarders can be accommodate hereafter, as he has shut down on transients.

Dr. W. R. Davis has been appointed surgeon of the Santa Fe railroad. Correct. The doctor is worthy of this compliment to his professional skill.

If anyone volunteers the information that they are moving the Santa Fe depot, don't be too inquisitive about it. We have been informed that it is a sell.

The express office had a crape on the door knob last week on the occasion of the death of Alfred Gaither, general manager of the Adams Express Company.

S. Bowermaster, of Leadville, Colorado, is visiting friends in this city and resting from his work during the severe cold and deep snows of that famous region.

Herve Cole has been spending a few days of each week in Winfield during his brother's absence. Herve is one of the most popular young druggists in the country.

Sam Watt, trustee of Pleasant Valley township, is having the south bridge across the Walnut river overhauled, tightened up, and got in first class condition this week.

C. R. Mitchell, Charley McIntire, and others are set down as the happy sires of new babies. It seems that there has been a united effort to increase the census of Arkansas City.

Will H. Stewart, who has been clerking at J. S. Mann's for several months past, left last week for Dallas, Texas. Will is a jolly good boy and leaves with the well wishes of many friends.

Lovell H. Webb has moved his office from the Bahntge block to the rooms over Read's Bank, lately occupied by Jennings & Buckman. Lovell is a bright, intelligent young lawyer of excellent habits.

As we predicted, C. A. Bliss has gone into business again. A man who has been in active business for many years cannot keep out of it. He has bought an interest in his old mill again and now he will buy wheat and sell flour. The new firm is styled Bliss & Wood.

Capt. Siverd is very popular with his pets in the stone jug. They praise him up to the highest notch because he furnishes them with plenty of turkeys and other good things to eat, and plenty of reading matter, music, etc. The captain is a whole souled warm hearted man.

Wirt W. Walton (our Wirt) is a candidate for re-election to the office of Chief Clerk of the House. He will be elected, and he ought to be. He has filled the office two terms, and has proved himself to be one of the best officers the House has ever had. We hope he will have no opposition.

Leland J. Webb came down Monday to attend court. Mrs. Webb accompanied him. When he returns he will take his household goods with him and will hereafter make his home in Topeka. He has formed a partnership with his father, Judge W. C. Webb, and will hereafter practice law at the capital.

A little child of Mr. T. J. Harris was considerably chilled while on the way to school Monday morning. We have been told that there is a rule keeping the doors of the school house locked until a short time before the opening of school. If there is such a rule, we think it should be suspended during the cold weather, so that the little ones who come early may not have to stand outside until the doors are opened. It might be a serious inconvenience in the discipline of the school, but is one that should be put up with when the health of the children is at stake.

Speculation is rife among our people as to what the Santa Fe will do with its two roads at this point. The seeming object of the company in getting possession of the L., L. & G. was to relieve their main line, which is already overburdened with Colorado and New Mexico business. By running some of their trains from Newton down over the L., L. & G. into Kansas City, they would relieve two hundred and fifty miles of the main line. If this prediction proves true, through trains from Kansas City to California may yet go west via Winfield. It is also rumored that the Santa Fe will extend its line from Harper City and connect with the main line at Dodge City, thereby making a more direct route via Winfield to Kansas City for such trains as they desire to run that way. If this is the intention of the company, it will make the old L., L. & G. stock much more valuable than it is at present, which perhaps accounts for their desire to exchange 5 percent bonds for such stock. The dividends on the stock would be more than interest on their bonds.

Mayor Lynn, R. D. Jillson, and C. C. Black called at this office last Monday to consider measures for the relief of the poor and destitute in our midst. After consideration, it was decided to call a meeting of the citizens to be held at the city council rooms, on this Thursday evening at 7 o'clock, to take steps in the matter, appoint committees to canvass the city and find out who are in need, to collect money and supplies, and to properly distribute them. The commissioners have a place for the county's poor and require that they shall be moved to that place or not receive aid from the county. There are many in our city who are in need, but temporary assistance would help them through, to whom a removal to the poor house would be disastrous. Let us find and help them. Please turn out to the meeting.

Young King pleaded guilty and was sentenced to one year in the penitentiary, last Monday. This is a case in which idleness was the incentive to crime. Had he "earned his bread by the sweat of his brow," he would not have regarded the possessions of others so lightly, and would have seen a crime in what he seems only to have regarded a slight offense. Father Kelly did all in his power to get the boy released, but the law knows neither young nor old, and both alike must suffer the penalty of their crimes. We trust the punishment will do him good.

Sneak thieves are abroad in our midst. One day last week we left the office and neglected to place in the bank the contents of our money drawer. During the stilly hours of the night, someone who had probably seen us take in money during the day, broke into our office and relieved the aforesaid drawer of its contents. If the person who did the deed will return the fifty cent piece, we will let him keep the dime and say no more about it. It will relieve his conscience of a mighty burden, and that is all the object we have in penning this squib.

The idea of moving the national capital to Winfield is feasible and good. Winfield is near the geographical center of the United States, near the line which divides the north from the south, accessible by railroads, has an intelligent, honest, and virtuous population, and is in the very center of the sentiment for prohibiting the sale of intoxicating drinks. With the seat of government located here, we might reasonably expect that congressmen, senators, cabinet officers, and clerks would keep sober and virtuous.




DECEMBER 9, 1880.

Died on Saturday, December 6th, 1880, Mr. J. S. Van Doren, in this city, after an illness of about two weeks. He was an intelligent and highly esteemed gentleman of about six years, a member of the Presbyterian church. Funeral services were held Sunday afternoon in the Presbyterian church, conducted by Rev. J. E. Platter, assisted by Rev's J. Cairns and J. A. Hyden.




DECEMBER 9, 1880.

On Tuesday a petition was presented to the commissioners asking that they request the Judge of the District Court to call a grand jury. In accordance with the petition the request was made and the judge called the jury to meet immediately. This is the second grand jury ever held in Cowley county, and if we mistake not, there will be a rattling of dry bones when the jury gets down to business.



DECEMBER 9, 1880.

Owing to the immense increase in the Land and Loan Business of the firm which which I am connected, I have resigned the office of postmaster at Burden, and shall hereafter devote my entire time to the Land and Loan business at Burden. Our firm has completed arrangements by which we can furnish money AT SIGHT on all first class loans. We have also made great reductions in rates, and can fill good loans on three or five years time at 6 percent. Office in postoffice building.






John W. Lane has just returned from Missouri with a drove of cattle and sheep.

Mr. McKown has moved into this township from Missouri. He also brought cattle and sheep.

Edwin Morse has returned from Missouri. He brought a fine pair of blooded Berkshires. They are beauties.

Joseph Kountz, on account of the ill health of Mrs. Kountz, has returned to Ohio. They expect to stay two years.





Fowler, (Ind.) Era, P. D. Corkins, Editor.

On the 12th inst. I decided to go into the south part of the state, hence took the K. C., L. & S. route, at 1 p.m. My first sight of Kansas was in Johnson county, which we traversed from northeast to southwest, through as rich farming country as I ever saw; the improvements through that and into Franklin county, to Ottawa, indicate wealthy farmers. Kansas City is their market. Fruit is grown in great abundance, but wheat and corn are the staples. Improved farms in Johnson county, I am told, can be bought at from $10 to $25 per acre. This is a desirable country in which to live. From Ottawa to Humboldt, in Allen county, the land along the route was rough and stony--not our "nigger heads," but a continued strata of limestone near the surface, jutting out along the brinks. This I would consider a good grazing county.

From Humboldt to Winfield we traveled in the night. The latter place is the county seat of Cowley county, 80 miles west of Independence, and about 250 miles southwest of Kansas City. The town was organized in 1870. Its nearest railroad point then was Emporia, 100 miles to the north, but now two railroads cross here, and it has a population of 3,500, well supplied with churches and other public buildings. The second school building is just completed at a cost of $9,000; the two costing $15,000. There is now in progress of erection a hotel at a cost of $25,000.

There are three weekly and one daily papers published here. One, the COURIER, weekly, Republican, has a circulation of 1700. They have a public reading room and the town is filled with live, wide awake, enterprising people. There are many residences far exceeding in cost and beauty that of Templeton's, in Fowler. The town is surrounded by hills filled with the best building stone. Many quarries are now being worked, giving employment to hundreds of hands. The country in the immediate vicinity is very rough and rocky, being fit for grazing only. The valleys, however, are very productive. About one-third of the county, in the east, is of this nature, a great portion being very rough and unproductive. The central one-third is rolling, with many small streams and rich valleys. The western one-third lies in the Arkansas valley, and is generally known as second bottom land, in appearance resembling Richland and Union townships in Benton, save there are no ponds or sloughs. Here I find all the land in cultivation. Many fine residences and barns, hedges, and orchards, indeed, I could imagine myself in Benton county, and that alone is sufficient recommendation. There is considerable public lands in the county, but of an inferior quality. Yet for men of some means there are chances for good homes at reasonable figures. The constant query with me as I travel over the country is, why are men so anxious to sell if the country is so productive and desirable? I am told that many by whom the country was settled came here without money, took their claims, and hired money with which to improve. Big interest and a failure of crops compels them to sell. Again, there are a class of men calculated only for frontier life, and are discontented. Others are shiftless or bad managers, and are being rooted out. As in all new countries, the third or fourth classes of settlers are the ones to reap the benefit. These good chances will not last many years.

The county has a population of 22,000. There are six flourishing little towns within its borders. There are splendid water facilities for manufacturing. Sheep raising is proving remunerative. There are already 80,000 sheep in the county, a woolen mill is being talked of at Winfield, and at no distant day will be in operation. There are 116 school districts in the county and a good school house in each, beside each town has one or two, making at least 125 school houses. The streams are spanned in many places by good iron bridges, public improvement is well advanced, so that taxes in the future will not be high.

There is no doubt a grand future for this part of Kansas. At this writing it is quite cold, yesterday morning the temperature was 6 degrees below zero, with three inches of snow, this, I am told, is very uncommon at this season of the year. The climate is mild, and my experience proves it is favorable for persons troubled with asthma, yet I don't recommend those having homes in old Benton to "pull up stakes" and move to this county. In fact, I think it would be injurious to come here without money. More anon.

Cowley Co., Ks., Nov. 19, 1880.




DECEMBER 16, 1880.

Our stockmen have had a great deal of trouble with their cattle during the late cold snap, through the stock straying off. The Eastus brothers lost over one hundred head and other herds are in the same fix.




[GEN. STRONG AND THE A., T. & S. F. R. R.]

DECEMBER 16, 1880.

The Atchiston, Topeka and Santa Fe, whether it ever makes the C., B. & Q. and Vanderbilt combinations or not, is about the biggest institution in the country. In ten years from the C. K., Holiday engine No. 1, and an old second hand passenger coach off the I. L. C. R. R., running over 27 miles of road, she now runs hundreds of engines and passenger coaches over a line of road more than a thousand miles in length, besides a half dozen branches which are themselves important lines. The road is operated independent of stock jobs or politics, being run purely as a matter of business and on business principles. The earnings of the road for the last half of November amounted to $510,000, and the company has ordered fifty new engines, forty new passenger coaches, and two thousand five hundred new freight cars. Gould and Vanderbilt have a match in General Strong, the manager of the A., T. & S. F. railroad. In the absence of all consolidations or combinations, the road under the lead of Gen. Strong's genius, will in five years be one of the most gigantic enter-prises known to civilization. Upon the other hand, a consolidation of the Santa Fe and Burlington will establish a system of roads that will serve a community of interests embracing the entire western half of the United States. It would have lines from Chicago to all principal eastern points, including all the Missouri river cities. Such a consolidation would give a line from Chicago to Denver and the Pacific via the Plattmouth bridge; another from St. Louis via the St. L. & S. F. and

Wichita, and from Atchison and Kansas City to the Pacific coast by their own road, which will soon be completed.

This will give them two lines to Gould's one; but the last line possesses immense advantages, in that it reaches Guayamas, on the Gulf of California, shortening up the line to Japan, Australia, and South America, by one thousand miles. And still this is not all. Arrangements have been made with the authorities of our sister Republic for the extension of this line to the capital of old Mexico. The magnificent and wonderful results that will follow the completion of the last named line cannot be computed. Eagle.




DECEMBER 16, 1880.

As we were not present when Judge Campbell charged the grand jury in relation to indictments for selling intoxicating drinks in violation of the constitution and dram shop act, and as what he said has been variously interpreted and has excited the deepest interest, we have interviewed the judge and got his view on the matter, clearly and tersely expressed in his own language.

In the charge to the grand jury the Judge said that he had reason to believe that the County Board were induced to ask for the summoning of a grand jury by citizens who felt a special interest in the suppression of the liquor traffic, and such being the case, he regretted that, entertaining the opinion he did, he was compelled to inform them there was no penalty in the state for selling intoxicating liquors.

This was sufficient so far as the grand jury was concerned. He was under no obligations to give any reasons for this opinion, but as the governor and perhaps some lawyers had expressed a contrary opinion, he would, out of regard to public sentiment, give his reasons, which were very plain and simple.

The constitution declares that "no bill shall contain more than one subject, which shall be clearly expressed in the title." The title of the dram-shop act is, "An act to restrain dram shops and taverns, and to regulate the sale of intoxicating liquors." The act must be construed with reference to the title. The amendment to the constitution, lately adopted by the people, prohibits the sale of liquors except for certain purposes. The prohibition is irreconcilable with the idea of a dramshop or tavern. The act prescribes certain penalties for selling liquor without "first taking out and having a license as dram shop or tavern keeper." The purpose of the penalty is manifestly to "restrain dram shops and taverns," that is to compel liquor sellers to procure a license. The idea of such a license is wholly inconsistent with the prohibitory amendment. The reason of the law having failed, the law itself fails.

The amendment is equally irreconcilable with the latter clause of the title of the act. It would perhaps be in order for the legislature to pass a law to regulate the sale of intoxicating liquors to correspond with the exception in the constitutional amendment, "except for mechanical, scientific, and medicinal purposes." But there is nothing in the dram shop act bearing upon this exception in the amendment. It does not contemplate any such regulation; on the contrary, the act plainly negatives any idea of such regulation; for under the dram shop act, though liquors were sold for "mechanical, scientific, and medicinal purposes," the sale was unlawful, in the absence of a dram shop or tavern license.

The constitutional amendment is two fold in its object. First, it prohibits the sale of liquors, which repeals all of the dram shop act, which authorizes a license and a sale of liquor thereunder. Second, it authorizes the legislature to regulate the sale of liquor, "for mechanical, scientific, and medicinal purposes" only, which there is no pretense of doing anywhere in the dram shop act. The adoption of the prohibitory amendment is a new emergency not contemplated by the legislature at the passage of the dram shop act, and hence it is not presumed that the legislature intended to provide for such emergency; and there is nothing in the title or text of the act from which such an intention can reasonably be implied.




DECEMBER 16, 1880.

The reports from the boomers along the line of the Indian Territory were so conflicting all last week that on Saturday the COURIER sent a reporter to the field of operation to get the facts.

On Monday the boomers began to arrive and go into camp near Arkansas City. Capt. Dave Payne was on hand and in command. He impressed strangers as a large, good looking gentleman not very talkative, but evidently having a strong purpose, which he meant to carry out as effectively as possible without resisting the troops. Beside them were camped about thirty U. S. cavalrymen under Lieut. Mason. Gen. C. H. Smith, of Gen. Pope's staff was also present. On Tuesday evening the boomers held a meeting with bonfires and illuminations, and Capt. Payne addressed the assembly in a moderate speech. Mayor W. W. Bloss, of the Chicago Times was present and made a few remarks. A petition to the president was read.

On Thursday the boomers had accumulated to the number of about eighty men and twenty-five wagons and they broke camp and started on their expedition. They moved on Westward and camped on Bitter Creek on the Kansas side of the line, the troops following in the wake.

It was given out that they would cross the line the next morning. Gen. Smith informed them that his orders were to arrest the "whole outfit" and take them to Fort Reno and there hold them prisoners until released by the government. Friday morning Capt. Payne did not move as was expected. He was inclined to avoid a collision with the troops. The boomers were hot and dissatisfied. They wanted to fight and called Capt. Payne a coward. They held a meeting and deposted Payne and elected Major Mains, of Wichita, as their general and leader.

On Saturday morning they took up their line of march, but instead of entering the territory they marched westward and camped at Shoo Fly creek near Hunnewell close to the state line. The troops camped close by, just across the line in the Territory. Col. Coppinger arrived and took command. Accessions to the boomers arrived from Caldwell and other points so that on Sunday there were in camp about fifty wagons and one hundred and eighty men. They are organized in eight military companies under eight captains with Mains at the head.

In a conversation with Col. Coppinger and Lt. Smith, Maj. Mains said they should disregard the president's orders and enter the territory at every hazard unless forbidden by Congress. The horses of the troops are in good condition, but those of the boomers present a scrawny woe begone appearance.

Major Randall with two more companies of cavalry was expected to join Col. Mason on Monday the 13th. One company of cavalry is occupying the Oklahoma town site and picking up stragglers. Other companies are watching the threatened incursions from Texas and other points. It was told at Hunnewell that considerable numbers of boomers had already entered the territory from Caldwell and other points, probably for the purpose of stimulating those at Hunnewell to desperation. Statements of persons who should know show that these reports were not true. Our reporter found both opposing forces in camp at the place near Hunnewell, and first visited the boomer camp where was found about 180 rough but apparently earnest, hardworking men with about fifty wagons.

The reporter was escorted by a gay company of young people, consisting of a versatile reporter for the Monitor, who amused the company on the route with speeches and songs. Mr. Ed. Rolland, Mr. J. Houston, a young attorney, Miss Grace Scoville, and Miss May Roland, Mr. and Mrs. Lem Cook, and Miss Summers were down from Caldwell to see the battle. These visitors together first paid their respects to the boomer camp, and were invited to remain and attend their religious services.

The visitors attended and furnished a part of the music for the occasion. The congregation united in singing, "Hold the fort for we are coming, Oklahoma still. Waive the answer back to Kansas, By thy grace we will." The sermon was delivered by the colony chaplain, supplemented by remarks from another boomer. The reporter forgets their names. A large flag was floating over the camp and the congregation sang, "Rally 'round the flag." Capt. Payne was called on and made a few remarks. The general and Lieutenant from the other camp attended the service by special invitation. After services the visitors were invited to partake of refreshments with the boomers, which they did with great relish, for camp life was new and interesting at least to the ladies.

Capt. Payne and others, including Major Bloss, treated the visitors with cordial courtesy, and made their visit very pleasant. They visited the camp of the troops where they were courteously received. There was found everything orderly and neat. There were a dozen tents looking trim, forty fine horses standing ready to be saddled and mounted on a moment's notice, and forty well clad and equipped soldier boys ready for action on like notice. One of the saddlers was asked how they expected to cope with so many boomers. He answered that the boomers were not well equipped or disciplined, and that no serious difficulty was expected. He did not think they would attempt to cross the line; but if they did, they would be easily disposed of. Some of the soldiers were practicing shooting at a red handkerchief on a bush, but all were civil and quiet. The contrast between the two camps was very great.

Our reporter thought Hunnewell a hard place to get anything to eat and in other respects. At about 4 o'clock p.m. the visitors left for Arkansas City, where they arrived at 8 o'clock in the evening, returning to Winfield the next day. The conclusion arrived at, is that the stories and press reports afloat about the boom are grossly exaggerated.




DECEMBER 16, 1880.

We believe in following all good fashions to the reasonable extent consistent with one's means, occupation, and duties. We believe that the cultivation of taste and love of the beautiful has a tendency to make better men and women. When a fashion is beautiful, convenient, healthy, and not too expensive, we say follow it by all means; but when it is ugly, or inconvenient, or unhealthy, we do not give its votaries honor or credit for adopting it.

We observe that a fashion is coming into vogue for ladies to wear short dresses, so short that they will not reach the floor or dirty sidewalk by about four inches. We hail the advent of this fashion with unalloyed pleasure, and pray that we may never again see one of those foolish trains, so ugly, so inconvenient, and so disagreeable every way.

Another new fashion is for ladies to wear substantial "common sense" shoes and boots, with wide and thick soles and low wide heels put on where the heel ought to be, and we entertain the ardent hope that the various ills of the late thin soles and twenty penny spikes standing under the middle of the foot called heels will disappear from this glorious land.

Another evidence of improved taste and civilization within two years is the style of ladies hats now worn. Then we felt conscious smitten when we called the ladies of Winfield beautiful; now we can make the statement boldly without mental reservation.




DECEMBER 16, 1880.

Is it possible that the Winfield Rifles and the St. John Battery are to have free passes to Washington to participate in the ceremonies of inaugurating President Garfield on Mary 4th? Such is the outlook of the following communication to Adjt. Gen. Noble, of the Kansas State militia.

WASHINGTON, D. C., Dec. 2, 1880.

To the Adjutant General, State of Kansas, Topeka, Kansas:

SIR: I have the honor to request that you will furnish this committee with a complete list of all military organizations known to you within your state, as we desire extending to each an invitation to be with us and participate in the parade and festivities in the city on the 4th of March next.

We hope to have an organization from each state in the Union, and shall appreciate any effort on your part to secure a handsome representation from your state.

I have the honor, to be very respectfully your obedient servant,


Assistant Adjt. Gen. U. S. Army and Cor. Sec. of Executive Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies.




DECEMBER 16, 1880.

It is the evident intention of the Missouri Pacific railway company under the direction of Jay Gould to extend the branch now built to Leroy, Coffee County, by way of Winfield, to the west line of the state at an early day, and probably to conttinue it through New Mexico to the Pacific.

That company has executed a mortgage on their road to John F. Dillon, of New York, to secure its bonds to the amount of thirty millions of dollars, covering the main line of its road from St. Louis to the Kansas line, 284 miles; the branch to Carondelet, 12 miles; the Booneville branch, 80 miles; the Lexington branch, 55 miles; a branch to be built called the Lexington & Southern, 200 miles; the branch to Atchison, 47 miles; a branch from the state line via Ottawa to Topeka, 200 miles, partly built; and last, but not least, a branch from the east line of Kansas through the counties of Miami, Franklin, Anderson, Coffee, Woodson, Wilson, Elk, Cowley, Sumner, Harper, Barbour, Comanche, Clarke, Meade, Seward, Stevens and Kansas, the entire length of the state, 430 miles. This mortgage is being placed on record in the various counties. A copy of it is on record in the office of Register of Deeds of Cowley county, and covers over thirty pages in the book of records. It covers in the aggregate 1,108 miles of road, built or to be built.

This road will be of great interest to the people of this county as giving us competing lines, a more direct route to the east and to the west, and placing us on the most direct through route between the Atlantic and the Pacific.

It is intimated that Jay Gould does not intend to ask for county or other municipal bonds, on the ground that the stock of the company will be worth as much as any county bonds and he does not wish to exchange stock for bonds.




DECEMBER 16, 1880.

GRENOLA, Kans., Nov. 24, 1880.

On Saturday, the 20th, I started by way of private conveyance from the thriving, bustling, little city of Winfield for the eastern portion of Cowley county. It was with regret that I left my comfortable quarters among my new made friends of this beautiful little city. But to see the country and test the climate is my object here. I started east. Leaving the Walnut Valley we went up, up, until we reached the high table land, from whence the most beautiful scenery stretched out before us that I had ever seen, even among the Alleghanies and Blue Ridge. Up here the land is gently undulating and very rocky, yet many farms are being opened out. I would consider it "up hill" business farming here. Land can be bought at from $1.25 to $8 per acre, good grazing land. About sundown we entered Grouse Creek valley at the little town of Dexter, snugly ensconced among the hills, forcibly reminding me of the pictures of New England villages often seen in our school books. Here I spent Sunday with an aged farmer, formerly from Indiana. The valley is from 80 rods to a mile wide, lands very fertile, and farms rate from $8 to $12 per acre.

Monday I came across the hills to Cambridge, where I spent the day clambering over the bluffs to Cedar creek. Cambridge, the metropolis (in anticipation), of Kansas. In the evening I boarded a freight for this place, arriving at 8:30 p.m. Here are to be found good accommodations for travelers. Grenola is a town of about 400 inhabitants, twelve business houses, some of them carrying large stocks of goods. Indeed, I find in all of these towns evidence of thrift and intelligence. The town is located in the Cana valley; which averages about two miles wide, and is of rich land. Nine miles below here are being opened and worked several coal mines, and old miners say there are strong indications of minerals; this of course is prospective. In all of these towns a good, nice, and substantial school house is the first public building that is erected. Elk county has a population of about 11,000. The surface is generally rough and limestone predominates. The valleys are productive. The Kansas City, Lawrence and Southern Railway affords an outlet to the East. I would not recommend Hoosiers to come here to raise grain, but would consider stock raising, cattle, and sheep a good business.

Corn is worth here today 22 cents; wheat, 60 cents; wild hay, $2; hogs, $4.

The weather is yet cold; today it is snowing briskly from toward Indiana. I will start for Kansas City tomorrow, and if the weather is favorable, will take a run west on the Kansas Pacific. Fowler (Ind.) Era.




DECEMBER 16, 1880.

Seymour Tarrant is again in town.

Col. R. L. Walker was in town last week.

W. C. Root has been on a trip to McPherson.

Ed. Cole has returned from his trip to Santa Fe.

Mr. Isaac Comfort has been seriously ill for a week past.

Conway was convicted of assault with a deadly weapon.

Major Henry Tisdale has been sojourning in town for a few days.

J. S. Mann returned from Topeka, a victor in his case in the U. S. Court.

Witherspoon's hotel, fformerly the American, is to be known as the Lindell.

Judge Brush came over from Grenola last week and is attending court.

D. L. Kretsinger has rsumed his place on the local columns of the Telegram.

Do not fail to attend the library social at Col. J. C. Fuller's on this Thursday evening.

Elbert H. Bliss is to travel for B. C. Clark & Co., of Leavenworth, in the queensware trade.

T. S. Parvin, of Bolton, was in town last week to see how the court, the taxes, and other matters were running.

McD. Stapleton, of Cambridge, illuminated our office with his smiling countenance last Thursday.

Wesley Snider brought us a good load of wood last week in consideration of the warmth he gets from the COURIER. More wood is wanted.

A. H. Baker, of Torrance, came over last week to see how things were moving at the capital.

Dr. S. H. McCormick, late from the east, called last Friday in company with his father, C. H. McCormick, of Richland. The doctor is so well pleased with this county that he will make it his home.

George S. Story, of Rock township, called last week. He is about to visit Kentucky for a few weeks, and we may hear from him.

Dr. John Alexander of Arkansas City called last week. He was attending court giving his testimony as an expert in the Bolton cutting and stabbing case.

Mitchell and Houston made an able and strenuous defence of Conway in the "assault with intent to kill" case last week. Mr. Houston is a talented young attorney who will yet make his mark.

Mrs. Dr. W. R. Davis has returned from Kentucky, where she has been visiting.

Judge Campbell has taken much pains to clear the court docket of all cases in which Judge Torrance has had part as counsel.

We have been informed that a move is under consideration in the Gould circles to extend the Leroy branch of the Missouri Pacific to Winfield.

The St. John Battery has elected Ed. Haight captain, and Messrs. Burroughs, Hoensheidt, Holloway, and Andrews, lieutenants.

Henry Harbaugh has gone to Shelbyville, Illinois, on account of the illness of his father. He will probably be absent at the next meeting of the commissioners.

The people of Rock township will present a petition to the commissioners to bound that township by the congressional lines of township 30 [?], range 4, and make a new township of township 31, range 4. [VERY HARD TO READ!]

Mr. Lynn has discovered a thin layer of coal west of town near the west bridge. It is not probable that coal can be found in paying quantities less than 300 feet deep in this vicinity.

John Hoenschedit has started another German paper, this time at Atchison, and called the Atchison Journal. John is capable of doing such things well.

The school board is making arrangements to fit up the old frame school house and will employ two more teachers. It seems almost impossible to get school room enough for all the children in Winfield. Two of the school rooms have enrolled over one hundred scholars each and all the others are crowded.

Evan Jones proposes to make a farm out of the town site of Lazette and has been taking assignments of the certificates of sale to the county for taxes.

The case of State vs. Ehret for selling liquor in violation of law is dismissed, the court holding that no law exists on the subject save the constitutional amendment, which does not provide a penalty.


Winfield Courier, December 16, 1880.

The Capital makes merry over the Commonwealth because it called Sam Wood an iconoclast. This reminds us of T. A. Wilkinson, who at one time got angry with and demolished our banker, M. L. Robinson, by calling him a Anepot.@


Mr. Robert Deming, of Wichita, made Winfield a visit this week. He is out of the hotel business for the present at least.

It is reported that Col. Manning is running a hotel at El Paso, New Mexico. We think the report is of doubtful authenticity.

Jim Allen goes into the restaurant business in the room formerly occupied by J. C. Walter and more recently by Mrs. Terrell.

The union meetings continue each evening and have been well attended. Crowded houses have been the rule.

The firm of Drs. Wright & Cooper has been dissolved. Dr. Cooper has opened an office next door to Mrs. Stump's millinery store.

Mr. D. Mentch has returned from the Black Hills, where he has been operating for some time past, and we suspect that he is "well heeled," as they say.


For the first time since its erection, the old Bliss store room is empty. It was built in 1870, and was at that time the only store in town. Bliss & Tousey purchased the Manning stock and moved it into the new building. It was at this store were, in the spring of 1871, we purchased a 50 pound sack of flour for $6.00, and frequently paid $1.00 for 3 pounds of bacon. The store did a large business during the years of 1871, 1872, and 1873, while pre-emptors were coming in by the hundreds. The post office and express and small officers were also there, and it was the depot for information of the outside world.


WHEAT FLOUR, PER 100 POUNDS: $2.25 AND $3.25.





DECEMBER 16, 1880.

The Blackman-Conway case ended last Friday by a decision against the defendant. The punishment will probably be light. The case was on trial for nearly six days and will cost the county upwards of seven hundred dollars. This is directly attributed to liquor, as in all probability the crime would not have been committed had Conway not been under the influence of liquor.

Isaac L. Comfort, one of our early citizens, whose industry and genial deportment has endeared him to our people, has utterly broken down in health and funds, and may not have long to live. Expressing a desire to end his days in the family of a daughter in Michigan, our citizens have made up a purse of over one hundred dollars and presented it to him as a testimonial of their appreciation.

J. S. Mann's suit in the U. S. Court at Topeka was in relation to the damages he claimed of an eastern firm, who through a drummer, sold Mann $4,000 worth of goods to be shipped from the east at once. Before the order arrived, the goods had advanced twenty-five percent, and the firm refused to ship them. Mann claimed damages and the jury gave him $650.

Capt. Nat Roberson, formerly the stage agent and a dealer in harness and saddlery at this place, but now running a stage and omnibus line at Eldorado, has been visiting Winfield this week. He has been thriving at the capital of Butler.

Walter Denning, of Tisdale township, is also Winfield's "boss" auctioneer. He is a stalwart Republican and ardent prohibitionist. He has never scratched a Republican ticket but once, and then because of his own radical prohibition principles. He will do to tie to in an emergency.

Sam Watt, trustee of Vernon township, has put the south bridge in a safe and first rate condition. Now it is in order for our friend Skinner, trustee of Vernon township, to investigate the west iron bridge and put it in like condition.

L. F. Johnson, of Beaver township, over the Arkansas, has just made a sale of thirty-four head of native cattle for $2,000 cash to Messrs. Hollisons. This is a pretty fair sum for a small lot of cattle. Mr. Johnson is one of the best farmers in the county and his cattle are always in prime order.

Our notice of the Winfield township tax two weeks ago was stated incorrectly. Instead of saying it was $1,100 of bond tax, we should have stated "road tax." Legislation will be necessary to dispose of this fund, and various are the opinions expressed as to how it should be appropriated.

Stafford Rowell, of Silverdale, made us a pleasant call last Tuesday. He has been a resident of that township for two years and is getting up a herd of short horn, thoroughbred cattle, which will be valuable in improving the stock of his neighborhood.

We object to the articles in a late Telegram on the value of water for cows. So long as the milk is well watered, who cares a nickel whether or not the cows get water! Then water is so scarce! Give the cows a rest, the milk-men will look after the water.

G. W. Rogers was on Tuesday brought before U. S. Com-

missioner Lovell H. Webb, charged with selling liquor without government license. The examination was continued to Jan. 21, 1881.

Bi Terrell is disposing of his interest in the Terrell & Ferguson livery stable to his partner, and will leave for old Mexico in a few weeks.

The grand jury has been at work since last Friday. As yet they have presented no indictments to the court.

Jim Hill has been trying his hand at artistic window hanging.




DECEMBER 16, 1880.

Jimmy Cottingham, the last of the children of J. I. Cottingham, of Richland township, died last Friday of typhoid malarial fever, aged 6 years. A short time since, Annie, a sister, 4 years old, died of the same fever. It will be recollected that about two months ago the father was laid in his grave, a victim of the same disease. His widow, the only remaining member of a once happy family, is now severely ill of the same fever. J. I. Cottingham was one of the best young men in the county, and these sad dispensations have cast a gloom over that neighborhood.




DECEMBER 16, 1880.

Last Monday morning A. T. Spotswood & Co., received 2,000 pounds of candies. This is the largest stock ever brought to the southwest. He has contracts for furnishing the Christmas candies for a large portion of the Sunday schools of the county, and for this purpose the stock was purchased. Those who have not purchased their candies would do well to call on him as he will be able to sell them cheaper than ever before offered.



DECEMBER 16, 1880.

A meeting was held in the council rooms last Thursday evening to consider means for temporary assistance to those in want in our city.

John B. Lynn was made chairman, and James Kelly, secretary.

By a vote of the meeting the city was divided into four wards by Main street and Ninth avenue, and committees were constituted as follows.

Northeast ward: Mesdames T. R. Bryan, Dr. Graham, and

Rev. J. Cairns.

Northwest ward: Mesdames McDonald, McMullen, and Miss Service.

Southwest ward: Mesdames Spotswood and Jillson, and Miss Mary R. Stewart.

Southeast ward: Mesdames Hickock, Silver, and Swain.

Committees to solicit contributions were appointed as


Northeast: Mesdames Holloway, Linticum, and Troup.

Northwest: Mesdames Short and Dr. Davis and Mayor Lynn.

Southwest: Mesdames Earnest and Landers, and Mr. R. D. Jillson.

Southeast: Mrs. Rigby, Miss L. Graham, and Mr. W. A. Freeman.

Lynn & Loose tendered their front basement for a storage room for the committees.

The committees were requested to meet in the council rooms on Tuesday, Dec. 14, at 2:30 p.m. to form plans of operation.




DECEMBER 16, 1880.

The stockholders of the Winfield Bank will take notice that the annual meeting of the stock holders will be held at the bank building in Winfield on Tuesday, January 4th, 1881, at 7 o'clock p.m. J. C. FULLER, Cashier.




DECEMBER 16, 1880.

The following are the grand jurors summoned by order of the court last week.

Wm. Randall, J. M. Ware, and A. B. De Bruce, of Cresswell township.

G. W. Gardenhire and S. M. Fall, Windsor township.

W. H. Teter and N. Westman, Beaver.

O. D. Tucker and J. R. Tate, Silver Creek.

H. R. Branson, Dexter.

Dr. Barkey, Vernon.

C. Eastman, Sheridan.

E. Miller, Otter.

A. Bookwalter, Pleasant Valley.

H. H. Hooker, Richland.




DECEMBER 16, 1880.

The Sheriff of Greenwood county called on our Sheriff Shenneman for Stoneman, whom Shenneman caught for stealing horses in Greenwood. Sheriff Verner paid the $50 reward and left with his prize.




Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

We have conversed with a great many citizens in relation to the railroad stock owned by this county and the expression so far is almost unanimous that an election should be called to vote on a proposition to authorize the county commissioners to sell our stock in the Southern Kansas and Western and in the Cowley, Sumner and Fort Smith, either or both, at not less than sixty-five cents on the dollar in cash or in the bonds of this county. Of course, they desire to sell at the highest possible rate, but think it better to take even 65 cents than to hold on long for a higher price. If on a close examination of the law, it shall be held that it means that the precise price to be sold at shall be named in the proposition and that it could not legally be sold, at a higher price, it would be necessary to find the highest price that could be obtained; but if, as seems most reasonable, the intent of the law is merely to prohibit the sale of the stock at a lower price than that named in the proposition, but allowing the commissioners to sell at as much higher price as they can after the vote authorizing the sale is carried, then there is no need of any delay in calling the election.

In reply to a letter of inquiry sent to capialists in Boston by Capt. J. S. Hunt for the commissioners, he received a letter offering sixty-five cents on the dollar for the S. K. & W. stock.

Col. M. L. Robinson has a letter from Robert H. Weems, the bond man of the great financial firm of Donnell, Lawson & Co., which we copy below. From this it will be seen that the writer quotes the K. C., L. & S. stock at 91 to 92. In the consolidation the same stock is rated at 95. The S. K. & W. stock which we hold is put into the consolidation at 75. We presume if put on the N. Y. market, it would be quoted at about 72. The letter quotes the A. T. & S. F. bonds offered for our stock at 99.

If we should trade our $68,000 stock at 75 for these bonds and then sell the bonds at 99, it would realize us $50,490 in cash or 74-1/4 cents on the dollar in cash for our stock.

Another idea is that the calling of the election if done during this month need not cost the county but little extra, for the regular township elections are to be held on the first Tuesday in February and the stock elections could be held at the same time and with the same officers of elections.

The following is the letter above mentioned.

Mr. M. L. Robinson, Cashier, Winfield, Kansas.

Dear Sir: Yours of the 9th was duly received, and in reply we beg leave to state that the stock of the Kansas City, Lawrence & Southern R. R. is worth from 91 to 92. The 40 year 5 percent bonds of the A., T. & S. F. R. R. are worth 99 and interest. The consolidation you mention has appeared here in the various papers and as stated by you. This would result in the county securing $54,000 in 5 percent bonds, which are worth par, and we do not think that they will be worth less in the future. The county can undoubtedly trade them off to the Cowley, Sumner and Ft. Smith road. The 7 percent bonds issued by your county will be hard to get, as they are more scattered.

I will be pleased to hear from you further regarding this matter, and anything which I can do for you or for the county will be done most cheerfully and faithfully.

Yours truly,





DECEMBER 23, 1880.

Further advices from the boomers say that they are camped at Caldwell 180 strong, or rather weak. That the troops are camped near them, that their "forward or fight" principles have not rushed them into the territory yet, that the new commander, Maidt, is not more anxious for a fight than Dave Payne, that the leaders are spending their time selling shares in the Oklahoma Town Company at $25 each, and in telegraphing exaggerated accounts of their strength, courage, and determination to the associated press, and that they are awaiting the effect of these dispatches on congress.





DECEMBER 23, 1880.

It is claimed by some that the Santa Fe proposition to extend the El Dorado Branch is made at this time for the purpose of heading off the Fort Scott road, and to prevent the county voting bonds to aid its construction through this county, with a branch down the valley to Winfield. No man knows, outside the Fort Scott Company itself, whether they have the money to build or not.

This company, not having the money itself, may have secured the control of this line with the hope of being able to induce capitalists to take hold and build the road; they may be working it up with a view of selling out to some other corporation, or they may have the money to build. It is impossible to tell what they will or will not do until the line is completed to Humboldt, where it will connect with the Misouri, Kansas & Texas road, and until a reasonable amount of work is actually done on the line west of the last named place.

While it is claimed that this company intends building a branch line from El Dorado to Newton, in addition to the direct line to Wichita, it has never been claimed that they intended to build down the valley. "A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush," and it is fair to presume that the people of the southern portion of the county will take up with the Santa Fe proposition, regardless of any other that may be made. There is nothing in the future as sure as that the El Dorado branch will be extended, if the franchises are voted as specified in the proposition.

Having had some experience with "paper" railroads, we are not willing to believe the Fort Scott road is coming until we can actually see the smoke of the construction engine "on the top of the Flint Hills," or somewhere else in that immediate vicinity.

Eldorado Times.




DECEMBER 23, 1880.

Criminal Calendar. Parents look after your boys. Thieves keep out of Cowley county. An appeal for Conway.

When the curtain dropped last Saturday upon the last official act of Judge W. P. Campbell, so far as Cowley county is concerned, there was gladness in the hearts of some, and sorrow in those of others. It is not in my province to speak of the Judge as a jurist. I am incompetent, but to one not "learned in the law" he has been an honor to the Bench and the friend of the "Toilers" and the poor and from many of this class go with him their best wishes for the future, be his surroundings what they may. Perhaps the most painful causes in the court just closed were the large increase of divorce cases and crime. There seems to be something radically wrong somewhere. Men swear devotion to love's most ardent desire and then send their wives into the divorce court to have a long list of domestic trouble and horrors laid before the public, while men look on and chuckle with devilish delight at the woes and sufferings of heart broken wives whose highest hopes have been strangled and their future clouded, perhaps forever; but to the criminals:

Thomas King, aged 20 years, well educated, temperate in his habits, arrested for stealing money from the Rev. Father Kelly, plead guilty and was sent up for one year.

Ernest Lewis, aged 16, robbed Mr. Kelly's boot shop in Winfield, plead guilty. One year.

Clinton Grimes stole ten dollars from Mr. Venable of Richland Township by entering his house in the night time. One year.

Theodore Miller, aged twenty, charged with having stolen a buggy belonging to William Ausbrook of Winfield last February and brought back from Toledo, Ohio. Jury disagreed and in the very slightest manner he escaped a long term, probably, in the penitentiary.

Willie Fogg, aged fifteen, a smart, active, intelligent boy, for taking a horse from Mr. Bonnell, was sent to the county jail for six months. Is there not some good man who will interest himself in this boy's welfare? He is from New Hampshire and probably tells the whole story when he says he has a stepfather and that he has not seen his mother for two years. He wants to go to school and learn a trade.

The trial that awakened the strongest interest was that of Alfred Conway of Bolton township, tried for assaulting Rialdo Blackman with a deadly weapon with intent to kill: prosecuted with the energy and skill for which Torrance and Asp are noted; defended by Houston and Mitchell with the same stubborn determination as the prosecutors. The jury returned a verdict of guilty. Guilty? Yes, horrid word! It fell like a funeral dirge on the ears of the Conway family and that of his young bride; to her it meant more than death; to her it meant the shutting out of the last ray of sunshine that makes this life worth living; to her it meant the snatching away by the iron arm of the law, the Idol of her soul; the sheet anchor of her hopes upon this side of eternity. To her vision, seen through her tears, may have arisen the towering walls of the state penitentiary that seemed more terrible than the grave. Possibly, for the first time Andrew Conway realized his true position and may have regretted the hot blood of anger that when aroused flowed through his veins. The court, moved, maybe, by pity and the extenuating circumstances that surround the case, sentenced Conway--for six months to the county jail and to pay the costs. He has resolved to enter upon a new life and henceforth will devote his attention to the care of his young wife who was so faithful to him, and thereby challenge the respect of his neighbors and by their aid build up what he has torn down. Will they help him?





DECEMBER 23, 1880.

Boys! Read This and Consider.

Some years ago a boy in Beloit, Wisconsin, longed for an education, which he was too poor to get even at the preice furnished in a Western college. He took a commercial course, and applied himself to strict rules of business.

He enjoyed fun and a "good time" as heartily as any of his fellows; but abstemiousness was his highest feast, and he had not time to "fool away," as he expressed it.

He determined to make the most of himself, and took for his motto, "Whatever is worth doing at all is worth doing well." He pasted this motto in his hat, and as long as the motto stuck to the hat he stuck to the motto. He learned to operate a telegraph instrument at odd moments; but he learned it thoroughly. Mastering these two things, common bookkeeping and telegraphy, he applied for and obtained the agency for a small and obscure station far out on the railroads in the Northwest. His accurate reports and careful attention to details attracted the attention of his superiors, and he was soon promoted to a better station.

It was frequently noted that he was not merely working for a salary, but for character and standing among men. He has his reward. He has never forgotten his motto. One promotion followed another solely on his merit, as he had no influential friends to push him into office.

He became Assistant Division Superintendent of the road for which he had worked as an obscure station agent. He rose to the position of Superintendent of another railroad, and was in demand by these great corporations. He made himself a necessity. For some years he has been General Manager of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad, and controls millions of dollars in that gigantic enterprise. He knows all the details of the fifteen hundred miles of railroad under him from the grading of the road bed and laying of a tie to the manipulation of giant corporations in the interest of a thoroughfare to the great Wonderland of the Southwest toward the going down of the sun in the Pacific.

Modest, unassuming, conscientious to a scruple, yet tireless in his energy, William B. Strong stands as a hero in his calling, and will take his place in history among the mighty men who subdue the wilderness by steam, and civilize a land by the locomotive. Chicago Advance.




DECEMBER 23, 1880.

The item of ice alone, is no inconsiderable one, to the

A., T. & S. F. Railroad Company, which will be seen by a glance at the following figures, which were given our reporter by Mr. F. M. Smith, purchasing agent of the road.

The Company is storing ice along the entire length of the road, as follows: 700 tons at Lawrence, 500 tons at Topeka, 400 tons at Atchison, 450 tons at Emporia, 500 tons at Florence, 1,500 tons at Florence storehouse, 450 tons at Newton, 400 tons at Sargent, 500 tons at La Junta, 250 tons at Pueblo, 400 tons at Las Vegas, 350 tons at Pueblo, 400 tons at Las Vegas, 350 tons at Gallisteo Junction, 450 tons at Albuquerque, and 400 tons at San Marcial, or a total of 7,200 tons. This ice is to be used for the comfort of passengers by the Santa Fe. Commonwealth.




DECEMBER 23, 1880.

This strange malady, in a mild form, has infected a large proportion of the horses of this vicinity, without having, to our knowledge, terminated fatally in a single case. At this writing the epidemic has evidently spent its force; and it seems to be only a question of a few days when sneezing horses will be known no more. However mild as this disease has been, the owners of horse flesh have been put to no small inconvenience by it.

At the late meeting of the Central Kansas Breeders' Association, the question how best to treat horses suffering from this complaint, came up; and the views of several gentlemen of large experience were given. The opinion seemed to be that with ordinary precautions, no medicine need be used in the treatment of the disease.

All agreed that the horse, as soon as taken sick with the epizootic, should be exercised very little if at all; and, particularly, the horse should not be exposed to any sudden changes of temperature, or to severe exposure of any kind. It was also advised that rich and "healthy" food like corn should not be fed during the prevalence of this complaint; but instead oats, and particularly bran, were recommended. All the speakers agreed that severe exposure and sudden changes of temperature, and particularly over-exertion, were matters chiefly to be guarded against. Several instances were given of large livery stables which, by closing up entirely on the first appearance of the epizootic, passed the ordeal at the minimum of expense or trouble. Industrialist.




DECEMBER 23, 1880.

Items of Interest Gathered at the State Departments.

The Judges of the Supreme Court will meet next Monday for the purpose of consultation and to file opinions.


Articles of consolidation were filed in the office of the Secretary of State, yesterday, by the officers of the Kanss City, Lawrence & Southern Railroad, the Southern, Kansas & Western Railroad, and the Sumner County Railroad. The name of the Company will be the Kansas City, Lawrence & Southwestern Railroad. The articles are signed by H. H. Hunnewell, President, and Chas. Merriam, Secretary, for the S. K. & W., and Geo. H. Nettleton, President and Jas. S. Ford, Secretary, for the Sumner County road.

Commonwealth, 16th.




DECEMBER 23, 1880.

A correspondent of the Globe Democrat predicts an Indian raid from the territory that will penetrate as far as Topeka. If the Indian raid is not more penetrating than the boomer raid on the territory, it will not be dangerous.


The U. S. Senate rather "sat down on" the Oklahoma boom on Tuesday. Senator Cockrell presented the petition of the boomers, and after discussion as to whether it should be referred to the committee on territories or to committee on Indian affairs, it was ordered to lie on the table.




DECEMBER 23, 1880.

Captain Lee has sold out his store at Seeley.

Capt. S. S. Moore, of Burden, was in town Monday.

W. A. Lee sold seventy Hapgood sulky plows during 1880.

Allen B. Lemmon and wife came down from Topeka on Tuesday.

Post office open on Christmas from 8 to 9 a.m., and from 12 to 1 p.m.

Cowley county has eighteen representatives in the Kansas pentitentiary.

Remember the Catholic fair at Manning's Hall on December 29th, 30th, and 31st.

The silver dollar seems to trouble those who have it more than those who have it not.

Dr. W. Goss, a son-in-law of Dan Mater, has arrived and will enter into practice here.

Elijah Brown talks of quitting the farming business and going to mine in Colorado.

Mr. S. P. Strong, of Rock, came down Saturday. He was negotiating with Santa Claus.

Tuck Southard has been engaged by a wholesale house in St. Joseph as traveling salesman.

A. H. Green last week purchased a stock of goods at Oxford and is now closing them out "at cost."

D. O. McCray has been appointed postmaster at Burden, in place of E. A. Henthorn, resigned.

Gold coin is getting into quite general circulation. We will take it when we cannot get greenbacks.

Frank Hesse, of Arkansas City, made us a pleasant call Tuesday. He is engaged in Huey's bank.

Ed. Bedillion can well afford to look wise and mysterious. He is the custodian of those fifty-one indictments.

John B. Holmes registered at the Williams House Saturday. He reports everything flourishing on Rock creek.

Young Conway was sentenced to six months imprisonment in the county jail. A motion for new trial was overrruled.

Capt. Stubblefield made us a pleasant call Tuesday morning. The Captain is one off the "stalwarts of Liberty township."

Robert Phelps and lady were in the city Tuesday. Robert carries his newly acquired matrimonial honors gracefully.

The Baker Hotel has changed hands. Mr. Ed. Weitzel is now the proprietor. Mr. Baker left for the East Tuesday morning.

M. S. Teter and J. W. Browning, of Beaver, were in town Saturday. They are for selling the stock while it is worth something.

On account of the drama at the opera house on the evening of the 28th, the social and supper at the residence of C. A. Bliss is postponed temporarily.

Ford & Leonard have sold out their store in Burden. Messrs. Cunningham Bros. have purchased a part of the stock and are doing business in the old stand.

A. W. Davis, ye new landlord of the Occidental Hotel at Wichita, spent Thursday in Winfield. He pays weekly visits to the "metropolis of the Arkansas valley."

The Williams House has had its hands full for the past week. Hobart Vermelye sits up nights and lets the poor, over-worked drummers have his couch.

James Utt, of Cedar township, was in town Friday. He thinks he has got a coal vein under his farm and proposes to investigate. He is wintering 1500 sheep.

While rummaging around the courthouse last week, we accidentally stumbled into Judge Gans' office. They have moved him upstairs into the west jury room.

The first effort of "consolidating" will probably be about January 1st, when the chief telegraph office will be moved from the Santa Fe to the K. C., L. & S. depot.

Paris Hittle, a boy 15 years old, attending the first ward school, was thrown down in a crowd of scholars one day last week and one of the bones of his arm was broken.

Ralph Smalley is now clerking for Mr. Levi, proprietor of the Philadelphia Clothing House. Ralph is one of our most popular young men and his services are valuable to any firm.

MARRIED. At the residence of Mr. John Dix, in Winfield, December 16, 1880, by Rev. J. Cairns, Mr. John Q. McQuain, of Burdenville, and Miss Elizabeth Scheoling, of Baltimore.

Sheriff Shenneman started for Leavenworth, Monday, with Lewis, Grimes, and King, candidates for the penitentiary. Frank Finch went with him to see the sights and help guard the prisoners.

The workmen on the Brettun House took advantage of the bright moonlight nights last week, and the walls went up rapidly. It presents an imposing appearance and is the pride of the city.




DECEMBER 23, 1880.

The meeting of teachers, Saturday, was well attended. Professor Trimble had charge of the class in algebra and physiology. Superintendent Story had the class in geometry. The exercises were in every way commendable. The opportunity of "going higher" in these studies will be improved by many of our teachers. The query is, why don't all of them join in this work? Without question physiology will be added to the list of subjects for the examination of teachers, while algebra may become one of those necessary for a first grade certificate. Be this as it may, the teachers who have gone into this course of study and work will grow, while many who do not will get the dry rot. The recitation in primary reading, conducted by Miss Mary Bryant, gave the teachers a clear idea of the best method of beginning reading. The word, the phonic, the sentence, and the alphabet methods can be combined and followed with success. The debate on the compulsory educational law was conducted by Messrs. Hickok and Trimble. The fact was brought out that this law is occasionally the means of getting boys and girls into school who would otherwise be out all the time. The next meeting will be January 15, 1881.

Teachers present: Messrs. Trimble, Gridley, Hickok, Corson, Hutchins, Thompson, Wilson, Beaumont, Armstrong, McKinlay and Dickinson; Mrs. Will B. Caton, Misses Bryant, Klingman, Cook, Aldrich, Melville, Dickie, Freeland, Davis, Hunt, Bowman, Kelly, Rounds, Frederick, Dobyns, and McKinlay. Several other teachers were in town, but were too busy to attend the meeting. The program for the January session will be review and multiplication in algebra, the first book in geometry, and circulation in physiology. Teachers take hold of this work now.



DECEMBER 23, 1880.

The State Historical Society, under the excellent management of F. G. Adams, is doing a valuable work in gathering together documents relating to the early history of our State, and preserving a record of passing events. Atchison Patriot.

Kansas now has one million people, and is rich. She has substantially no State debt, and the taxes to support her State government and State institutions are less than Missouri pays on her bonded debt alone. And Kansas is wise in building up institutions and societies that honor the commonwealth, enhance its reputation, and increase its attractiveness. The amount of money that she spends in this way is so small as not to be felt by the taxpayers, but it adds largely to the reputation and glory of the State. Kansas is and intends to be a leader of civilization and progress.


The grand jury filed into the courtroom Saturday afternoon and presented the court a batch of fifty-one indictments. A person could have picked out every guilty man in the house when the number of fellows implicated was known. Our prediction of "a ratting around of dry bones" is likely to be more than fulfilled. It is rumored that most of our prominent citizens have been indicted for betting on the election. We hid our new hat until the danger was over. The orders of arrest have not been issued to the sheriff yet, so the public is rather anxious as to "who is who." It will all come out before another week, and then the members of that grand jury will come to town escorted by two shot-guns and a bowie-knife.


Judge Campbell paid Jailer Siverd a high compliment in his remarks upon the sentence of Willie Fogg, a mere boy arrested for riding off his employer's horse. The sentence was for six months in the county jail, and the judge consoled him with the thought that his confinement was in one of the best regulated jails in the state, and that he would be under the care of a man who, although firm and exacting in matters of discipline, was still kind and courteous to those under his charge. This is a deserved compliment, for in no county in the state can be found a better regulated and better disciplined jail than the one under Capt. Siverd's care.


J. L. Horning some weeks ago conceived the idea of heating his house by steam. Today he is warmed up by the realization that the whole business is an entire success, and at a very trifling expense compared to the amount of heat received and the fuel expense attached. In addition to heating his house, he has arranged a Turkish bath room for private use in which there is no trouble to run the heat up to 185 degrees. "76" is one of the men who believe in enjoying life with all its comforts and blessings, and never begrudges a dollar spent in that direction.



Mr. C. Y. Castanien, living one mile north of the famous Goldore mine, has a spring in which water boils up containing sulphur and carbon particles, and the water smells like the interior of an old gun-barrel. The presumption is that the water rises through a stratum of coal, but at what depth is a matter of conjecture. We think it should be prospected. Cowley needs a diamond-drill machine to bore for coal and other treasures of the earth. We believe it would develop something that would pay a thousand times over.


The grand jury put in a hard week's work, and their work was effective. The jury was composed of men who believed that laws were made to be enforced and that crimes ought to be ferreted out and punished. A perfect unity of feeling on this subject prevailed, hence the large amount of work accomplished. If a grand jury composed of such men as the last one was held at each term of court, infringements of the law would be less frequent than at present.


Will not our people come to the rescue of the library association and do something to keep it running all the time? The ladies have worked unceasingly, but the burden is too heavy for even our energetic and public-spirited ladies to bear. It is a public matter, and one of great importance, and should be supported, at least in part, by the city. We think no better thing could be done than to make a small monthly appropriation for it out of the city treasury.


Our former townsman, S. P. Channell, accompanied by Mr. Mullen, arrived in the city last Saturday on a business visit. S. P. is now residing in Minneapolis, and we are pleased to learn that both himself and family have been benefited by a removal to a colder climate than falls to the lot of Southern Kansas.



Winfield Courier, December 23, 1880.

Frank Barclay is making arrangements to put the gas and steam piping in the Brettun House. He is in Kansas City trying to engage several plumbers and gas fitters to help him in the work.



DECEMBER 23, 1880.

The business being done by M. Hahn & Co. is simply immense.

The question of railroad transportation is exciting much attention over the country at present. A convention of farmers has been called to meet at Topeka and take the matter into consideration.

James Utt dropped in to see us Friday. He comes from near G. W. Childer's coal mine and reports that they are still taking from it rapidly. He has used some of the coal and pronounces it first-class.

Mr. Zach, Whitson, one of the leading farmers of Pleasant Valley township, was perambulating the streets Monday. He came in, doubtless, to negotiate for a box of hats with which to pay "those election wagers."

Wirt W. Walton, formerly of Winfield, surveyor, engineer, chief clerk, and editor of the Clay Center Dispatch, is visiting in this city and brightening the countenances of his many friends.

Joe Greenlee sent us up a specimen of ore which he found in the territory. He is of the opinion that there is mineral in quantities in the Wichita mountains, and will prospect some before returning.

George Denton, of Harvey, George Gardenhire of Windsor, and James England and J. D. Maurer, of Dexter, were in the city Tuesday on business connected with the material interests of Grouse valley.

The county commissioners meet on tthe 24th to consider propositions to purchase the stock in the S. K. & W. railroad. The offer to give A., T. & S. F. bonds at par for the stock at 75 cents is to be held open until February 15th.

Messrs. Jack Randall and Charley Hodges returned Saturday evening from Manhattan, where they have been attending college. The were met at the depot by a delegation of friends who were glad to welcome them home once more.

The "Home Almanac," found its way to our table last week, with the compliments of Gilbert, Jarvis & Co. It is a beautiful publication, and is different from most almanacs in that it is a work of art as well as a book of reference.

CHRISTMAS TREE. The children of Grace Church (Episcopal) will have a Christmas tree on Friday evening, in the Courthouse, at 7 o'clock. Music, addresses, and gifts for the children. Christmas Day there will be services in the same place at 11 a.m.

W. H. and A. E. Johnson called on us Monday to consult on the route to Prescott, Arizona, which place they propose to visit soon and go into the quartz mining business. Their brother, E. T. Johnson, has been very successful in mining operations near that place.

The new courthouse vaults are the finest in the State. They are large, roomy, and completely fireproof, built up from the ground, and arched over with solid masonry. The walls and ceilings are twenty-four inches thick, laid up with brick, and filled in with dry sand.

The ladies of the library association gave a social at the residence of J. C. Fuller last Thursday evening. It was largely attended, and everyone had a good time, as they always do, when Mrs. Fuller entertains. The Cornet Band discoursed sweet music during the evening.

Little May, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Taylor Fitzgerald, was laid to rest in the cemetery Thursday. This is a great sorrow for them to bear. She was their first child, a bright little baby four months old.

Adam Sipe, one of our successful farmers of Walnut township, called on us the other day and suggested that it would be well to canvass the county about with a view to find and assist persons who will suffer from want, but are too sensitive to let even their near neighbors know of their situation.


Our town seems to be infested with sneak thieves. Farmers are complaining to me that they cannot leave dry goods, groceries, blankets, coats, or the least thing in their wagons while trading, but that is stolen. I will give $5.00 for the successful arrest and proof of the guilt of one of these thieves.

W. A. LEE.


What's the matter with our Cowley county girls? Here is leap year almost gone and several old bachelors still remain. It looks as if Charles Harter, O. M. Seward, Will Robinson, T. H. Soward, C. C. Harris, and a host of others will have to stand aside for another four years--and Tice says this will be an unusually cold winter.


Cowley County stone is now being shipped to Harper county. The government building at Topeka is being built of this stone; large shipments are being made to Kansas City, Emporia, Newton, Wichita, Wellington, and many other places east and west. Our quarries will in time prove to be a large source of revenue.


Mr. James C. Topliff has been nominated by President Hayes as postmaster at Arkansas City, in the place of N. B. Hughes. Mr. Topliff has been assistant postmaster for several years and is a general favorite. His fitness for the position is recognized by all, and the nomination, we feel sure, will be heartily seconded by the citizens of our sister city.


The reputation of our magnificent stone quarries is extending all over the southwest, and the demand for the stone is assuming no mean proportions. We clip the following from the Harper County Times. "The first car load of Cowley County stone arrived last Tuesday for Mr. I. P. Campbell's stone building. The stone is to be used as the trimmings, and will make a beautiful appearance in connecting with the red stone used in the body of the building."




DECEMBER 23, 1880.

Ye genial "Kret" is once more the local editor of the Telegram.

Charley Clayton has sold his insurance business to Pryor & Kinne.

Cambridge is building a new school house which is a credit to the enterprising citizens of that town.

The case of Uncle Sam versus G. W. Rogers before Com-

missioner Webb is postponed to January 21st, 1881.

Jim Hill is an artist. If you do not believe it, look at the show windows in Johnston & Hill's furniture store.

Mr. and Mrs. By Terrill are disposing of their Winfield interests as rapidly as possible with a view of going west.

Mr. Thos. H. Barnes, an attorney of Fort Smith, Arkansas, was in the city last week visiting his brother-in-law, Judge Campbell.

Mrs. J. C. Peck, of Ligonier, Indiana, has been visiting her sister, Mrs. Henry Brown, for the past five weeks. She returned home on last Thursday.

Ed. Cole committed sacrilege in Santa Fe, by taking a piece of plaster from the oldest church in America. He has placed it in his cabinet of curiosities.

H. M. Branson, the proprietor of the Torrance store, is building up a fine trade from the Grouse valley. Mr. Branson is an old citizen, an excellent farmer, and a successful


S. Watt, trustee of Pleasant Valley township, is entitled to the thanks of all the people who live in or come to Winfield. At a small expense he has made the south bridge secure. Now let the other trustees go to work.

John E. Thomas, engineer for the Santa Fe, spent Tuesday evening in our city. It is his opinion there will be more miles of railroad built the coming year than in any previous one excepting 1872, when there were seven thousand miles of new track laid.



DECEMBER 23, 1880.

George Gardenhire, of Torrance, returned from his ranche on Duck creek, Indian Territory, last Saturday, after an absence of four weeks. This week he has been attending to business in Winfield and reports that he has had stray from his ranche a horse, lame in left fore foot.

Mr. Joseph Houston's argument before the jury in the Conway case demonstrated the fact that he is a young man of more than ordinary ability. He moved to this county from Kentucky about a year ago, and has already won for himself a reputation that many an older man would be proud of.

The jury in the case of the State vs. Conway, which occupied the time of the court nearly all of last week, finally returned a verdict of guilty of the crime charged, under section 42 of the statutes. Sentence was deferred and Messrs. Mittchell and Houston, attorneys for defendant, have applied for a new trial.

While in Arkansas City, Monday, we had the pleasure of meeting W. Heimke, quarter master general. He is a graduate of West Point, and as is usual with West Pointers, he has secured for a wife one of the most handsome women we ever met. Gen. Heimke was down on business in regard to the Oklahoma boom.

A. D. Lee, of Seeley, has sold his entire stock of goods and real estate to George W. Maxfield, late of Indiana, who will continue the business. Mr. Maxfield came splendidly recommended. He has had many years' experience as a merchant, both in the store and on the road, and he will make a valuable acquisition to the merchants of Cowley county.

Wilber Dever left for Colorado last Thursday.

Married: At the residence of Mr. John Dix, in Winfield, Dec. 16th, 1880, by Rev. J. Cairns, Mr. John O. McQuain, of Burdenville, and Miss Elizabeth Schooling, of Baltimore.

Drs. Wright and Cooper have dissolved partnership. Dr. Wright continues business in the old stand, and Dr. Cooper has opened an office the second door north of Mrs. Stump's millinery bazaar.

Hon. J. R. Hallowell, U. S. district attorney for Kansas, in company with Capt. Smith, deputy U. S. marshal, honored our city with their presence on last Tuesday. Two livelier, whole-souled fellows cannot be found in Kansas.

The situation is still unchanged in regard to the Oklahoma raiders. They are still at Hunnewell, and the expedition is a failure: more for reason of brave intelligent leadership than anything else. Payne is nothing more than a drunken blatherskite.

Arrests are still being made of persons who have participated in the wholesale insurance swindle in Pennsylvania. An effort will be made to have the next legislature in that state enact stringent laws to prevent speculative insurance.

E. F. Widner, of this city, expects to issue the first number of the Oxford Weekly next week. The newspaper horoscope at this time is particularly favorable for new journalistic enterprise in southern Kansas. The sign of the zodiac certainly indicates a profitable present and a glorious future.

The intelligent businessmen of our city appreciate the need of water works, but the difficulty is to find out in what manner to supply the want. Scarcely a businessman in town but what is paying a big tax in the increased cost that he is obliged to pay for insurance. Water-works with Winfield is an absolute necessity, and it would be a wretched economy that would delay their building until the fairest portion of our city is laid in ashes.

We are sorry to learn of a serious disagreement that has arisen between two of our attorneys, Judge Brush, of Grenola, and Mr. Allen, of this city. The casus belli was a speech that the latter gentleman made, wherein he characterized the Judge in a manner to excite his hot southern blood. It is feared by mutual friends that serious results will come of it at the close of court, and in consequence R. L. Walker and Judge Campbell are doing what they can to reconcile the belligerant parties.





DECEMBER 23, 1880.

One of the most successful farmers of this county is John Brooks, of Windsor township. He has large farms with good stone houses, barns, and out buildings, large fields and corrals fenced with first-class stone wall, plenty of water for stock and everything complete. He raises each year from 1,000 to 1,500 bushels of wheat, 3,000 bushels of corn, and a variety of other crops. He has now growing 100 acres of wheat looking well. He fats each year about 50 to 60 hogs, and they are always marketed in the best condition. His hogs are Berkshire crossed with Poland China. He keeps about 60 head of cattle, buys fair grades of stock, and improves them with Durham short horns and Devon, generally selling yearlings past at about $35. He keeps plenty of good horses and his teams are always in good condition. He has a flock of 900 sheep, which he has built up from good grades of common stock, crossing with Merinos and Southdowns. His farming operations are all conducted on a well matured and sure plan, and probably no man in the county makes more money by legitimate farming and attending strictly to his business than John Brooks. He is one of the earliest settlers of this county, having come here in the infant days of Cowley from the state of Tennessee, bringing a large number of sons and other friends. His sons are settled in this vicinity on good farms, and are following in the same path to wealth and prosperity. They are all stalwart Republicans and valuable citizens, and Cowley county could never have become the grand county it is without such men as the Brooks family.




DECEMBER 23, 1880.

J. E. Allen served an attachment on A. Wilson's [?? HARD TO READ...PAPER SCRATCHED BADLY] stock of general merchandise, in Arkansas City, last Monday. Mr. Allen's promptness in this case saved his clients much trouble.


The Commonwealth says Fred Hunt has a clear field for Journal Clerk of the House. Our Cowley county boys seem quite fortunate, but it is less their good fortune than their eloquent qualifications for the positions they ask which make them popular. We congratulate Fred on his prospects.


Dr. Cooper has opened an office two doors north of Mrs. Stump's millinery rooms. It has been rumored that the doctor intends removing to another town, but he informs us that he will remain here. He has an enviable reputation here as a physician, which it would take some time to acquire in a new community. We are glad to know that he will still be one of us.


Fred Olds, a young man who was convicted of murder and sent to the penitentiary for life, has made a confession in which he states that his father committed the murder for which he was convicted. The father committed suicide some months ago, and the boy gives this as the reason of his confession. He has been in the penitentiary seven years. Gov. St. John has interviewed him, and will probably consider favorably the confession. The boys claims that his father induced him to plead guilty.


VERNON CENTRE, Dec. 10, 1880.

EDS. COURIER: You request an expression of opinion as to what is best to do with the railroad bonds. I have taken some pains to learn the prevailing sentiment of the people in this vicinity in regard to that matter, and find that they very generally, almost unanimously, would prefer $51,000 cash, or its equivalent, to the stock the company now holds. If time is not too precious, the spring election is near at hand and without additional expense the will of the people might find expression there. This seems to be the better way.

Respectfully yours,





DECEMBER 30, 1880.

Allen B. Henthorn's stable caught fire from the stove pipe on last Friday morning when he was in at breakfast. William Leonard saw the flames from home and ran over on his horse and apprised Mr. Henthorn of the fire. There were two horses burned in the stable including his fine stallion. They got one horse out, badly burned. A new set of harness was also burned. Loss $500.


A. L. Crow is teaching school at 109, his first school in Kansas, and both parents and children are well pleased.


Reb. Alrum Haycraft has arrived from Minnesota, a graduate from college.

There is some excitement over the combination of the Santa Fe and East and West railroads.




DECEMBER 30, 1880.

On last Friday night there was a festival at the new Valley school house for the purpose of procuring lights and other necessary things. $15.80 was taken in. Later a number went to the residence of G. W. Childers to trip to the music of the violin till the wee, small hours.

We hear the Valley coal bank is still in progress.




DECEMBER 30, 1880.

The commissioners of this county have called a special election to be held on Tuesday, the first day of February, A. D. 1881, to vote upon two propositions: the one authorizing the sale of the Cowley, Sumner and Fort Smith railroad stock, at not less than 65 cents on the dollar, and the other authorizing the sale of the Southern Kansas and Western railroad stock at or above same limits. This call is made in response to a general expression of the people as far as heard from favoring the submission of the proposition on the terms named.

This expression is not quite unanimous, for at least one of our citizens, whose financial opinions are entitled to as much weight as those of any man in this community, objects decidedly to holding the election, and considers it very imprudent to vote such authority to sell. He holds that the S. K. & W. stock is going to advance and is likely to go up to par, and that the principal object which any parties can have in making propositions to buy this stock is to make a large speculation on it. He thinks it wrong to expose the commissioners to the offers of personal advantage which will be sure to be made to them by parties anxious to buy, and that it will be time enough to vote authority to sell when we have an offer nearly equivalent to par in cash. He does not think that the C. S. & F. S. stock can be sold as high as 65 cents for a long time to come and that it is useless to vote authority to sell at present.

The idea of others with whom we have conversed and of the commissioners is, that with a limited authority to sell they are not required to sell at once, but can hold until it is evident that the best offer is made and the right time to sell has come, and that when such offer comes, it may require so prompt action to avail ourselves of it that there will not be time to submit it to a vote to acquire the authority to sell.

During the time up to the election, on February first, the market will be canvassed as thoroughly as possible, and all the facts in relation to the value and prospects of the stock that can be obtained will be. At the same time offers will be made. If it is thought best, we can then delay for months for more information and more offers.

If the offer of the K. C., T. & W. and the A. T. & S. F. already made should finally be found to be the best, if it shall be found that the bonds offered can be sold at par for cash, the intermediate trades of S. K. & W. stock at 75 for consolidated stock at par for Santa Fe bonds at par, could be made, provided that they were contingent on the sale of the bonds at par for cash or county bonds are delivered. This would yield the county $51,000 cash for its $68,000 stock on the S. K. & W.

The A., T. & S. F. offer stands until February 15th. By that time we can know more of the value and prospects of the stock, and can then decide whether it is best to accept that offer.

The highest offer yet received in cash direct is 65 cents. We have no fears of the result. We favored the calling of the election. It being called on the day for township elections will not be attended with much extra expense. There is no danger of it being carried against the will of the people, for the law requires a two-thirds vote for either proposition to carry it. If it is best that it be defeated, there are five weeks before the election in which to convince one-third of the voters of such fact.

Our columns will be open to those opposed to present their views in reasonable length. For ourselves we believe it best to vote the authority to sell and shall so advocate until otherwise convinced. We want the taxes reduced in any judicious way that can be devised, and do not wish to miss any chance to reduce our county debt as much as possible.




DECEMBER 30, 1880.

No sickness in the neighborhood.

Mr. and Mrs. Heath paid the New Canton school a pleasant visit on the 17th inst. Also Miss Lottie Walck. Rev. Mr. Snow preaches once each month at the school.

Stanton Walck still insists that coal can be found in small quantities on his father's farm.

Mr. George Litzenberg (Farmer Doolittle), will lecture at the school house in the future.

The fish are dying by the thousands along the creek. In fact, it looks as if none would be left in a short time.

The Walck brothers and Oman Null, who sent to Colorado last spring, returned some time ago. Mr. H. Sheubert, who went with the boys, returned the 15th instant. He reports things looming up in Colorado and proposes to return in the spring.

Esquire Walck contemplates a trip to Colorado in the spring. Maple township will lose a good citizen.

Mr. L. S. Hayne has nearly completed a neat stone house, which he will occupy soon. Dave is a good citizen.

Mr. John Walck, who bought the farm formerly owned by Mr. Whipple, has built a magnificent barn thereon, has bought 100 acres besides, and is going to enclosed 160 acres with a stone fence. Mr. Walck is an enterprising farmer and is making many fine improvements.





DECEMBER 30, 1880.

Hon. John B. Fairbank, of Massachusetts, appeared in Winfield last Tuesday, and met the cordial greetings of the early settlers in this vicinity.

Ten years ago when Winfield began to be, Mr. Fairbank first appeared to us. Then a very few box homes were all there was of this city, rooms were scarce, and law business had not opened. Mr. Fairbank, proposing to grow up with the country, commenced in the ground where growth usually commences. He lived in a dug-out near the bank of the river and "kept bach" with one or two others. We saw him shoving a jack plain day after day and he did it well. When the law business began to grow, he practiced law in the courts, in partnership with E. S. Torrance, now elected district judge.

At our first Republican convention for the nomination of a candidate for judge of this district, Mr. Fairbank came within one vote of the nomination; and if the Cowley Republicans had been as well consolidated then as they were last summer, he would have been our district judge for the last eight years.

He remained among us five years and then returned to his early home with the admiration and respect of all his acquaintances here and was soon placed in responsible and honorable positions in his native state.

Mr. Fairbank is a gentleman of rare culture such as is most highly appreciated in the higher walks of life in the old Bay State. He is in the prime and vigor of life, and his many warm friends here expect yet to see him prominent in the councils of the nation.




DECEMBER 30, 1880.

Below is a letter from Silver Cliff, Colorado, dated Dec. 21 and written by Mrs. B. F. Baldwin to a friend in Winfield. It presents a lively picture of the life in Silver Cliff; and coming from esteemed former citizens of this city, will be read with interest.

"Well now to Silver Cliff. It is peculiar in some respects, not much unlike these mining camps, but quite different from Kansas towns. The first thing you would notice would be the mines. Indeed, one could not well avoid them for they are everywhere: in the mountains, on the hill sides, on the flat prairie not three feet from the roadside, and even in the door-yards. All silver and all very rich (of course) and can be bought all the way from 15 cents to two hundred thousand million dollars and anyone not interested in mines would be safer to invest immediately.

We have silver everywhere, in the sidewalks, foundations of houses, and some of the ranchmen actually insist that the soil which produces their vegetables is full of silver; hence potatoes sell for 5 cents per pound, eggs 75 cents a dozen, and butter 44 cents per pound. Cannot understand about the butter and eggs though: can you? Quite a lengthy process, I should think.

The society is certainly very fine: while almost every phase is represented, still the moral and refined classes have the lead. The ladies are of a literary turn as you will see from the article I clip from our daily. Oh my! I shall have to lay aside my cook book and resurrect those ancients and have them teach me something, or I will not be able to hold forth here. I feel hungry already.

Another very striking feature of the town is the "trained dogs." I actually never have read or heard of the like: every man, woman, and child has a trained dog. You go into a store or call upon a lady, and you are immediately introduced to the trained dog, who entertains you a short time, when you are allowed to attend to other matters.

I have noticed and remarked several times (not to the displeasure of my husband) the large number of unusually fine looking gentlemen, many more than are usually found in one place. The ladies are rather pretty also, but all aspire to wearing fine clothes. There seems to be a spirit of rivalry in this particular.

We have in common with others all the ills which humanity is subject, including book agents, male and female. But you see we have one great cause for all this which you have not. All the woes of the people of this locality are traceable directly or indirectly to the "altitude" and lightness of the air (have forgotten whether agents are included or not) and it is really funny to hear people account for accidents and other misfortunes in this manner.

I must tell you of our fortunate escape. The hotel where we were stopping was burned to ashes, not a thing being saved, not even the register and money in the drawer. The wardrobe of all the inmates except what they had on, was destroyed and many barely escaped with their lives. A lady lying very sick was rescued by the proprietor, but the poor fellow lost his cherished mustache and one of his eye brows. It was reported and generally believed for some time that baby and I had not escaped, but we had moved out the day before.

A large restaurant kept by the noted Mrs. Hull, where we took our meals, was burned at the same time. Quite fortunate for us, was it not? Many reasons were given for the speed with which the fire spread, but none were so plausible as the one giving the lightness, and dryness, of the air as the cause.

I presume you receive on New Year's day; how very pleasant last year was. I remember it as one of the happiest I have ever spent. It is the anniversary of our wedding too, you remember, so to me it has a double charm. When you make up the list of those who will receive, please remember me, assisted by my daughter, Miss Florence, corner South and De Walt Streets, Silver City, Colorado. I shall not receive here as I am almost a stranger.





DECEMBER 30, 1880.

Hon. C. R. Mitchell was in town Monday.

Mr. J. S. Chase has removed his saw mill to Cross Hollows, Arkansas.

Robert Deming and Mr. Bitting, of Wichita, spent one day of last week in the city.

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Bryan celebrated the sixteenth anniversary of their wedding last Monday.

Wilber Dever has given up his position in Read's bank and will go to Colorado the first of January.

A. T. Spotswood sold over seventeen hundred pounds of candy last week. He was obliged to telegraph for a fresh lot.

Our town is so quite and orderly of late that the police judge and the marshal spend their time feeding snow birds on the public square.

Owing to the unfinished state of the blackboards in the east ward school building, the city schools get this week added to their vacation.

Miss Ella Hittle, living in the east part of the city, celebrated her 18th birthday Monday evening by giving a party to a number of her young friends. [Might have said 13th birthday??]

It is held that putting brandy in mince pies is not a violation of the constitution, which does not prohibit the use of brandy for medicinal purposes.

Capt. Siverd gave his boarders a Christmas dinner last Saturday. Rev. Canfield was present and helped to make the occasion profitable as well as pleasant.

G. L. Reed, editor of the Keota Eagle, published at Keota, Iowa, called on us last Monday. He is looking over the country for items and perhaps for a location.

Rev. C. W. Higgins, of Parkville, Mo., called on us Monday. He is a Presbyterian clergyman and had preached Sunday at Oxford. He is pleased with this country and desires to settle on a farm in this vicinity.

Young Taliefero, who went from here to New Mexico last year, has opened an office for locating and working mines for non-residents in White Oaks. All of our Winfield boys seem to have done well in New Mexico.

Mr. James Lorton returned from attending commercial college in St. Louis last week. James is one of last years graduating class from our high school. He will take a position as assistant book-keeper in the Winfield Bank.

The Sheriff has arrested a number of the persons indicted by the grand jury, among whom is a Josiah Whitman, of Burden. He is arrested for selling whiskey without license, and there are six indictments against him.

The Catholic church was too small to hold all those who attended the evening services on Christmas. The representation of the birth of our Lord was very fine. The Christmas tree was loaded down and the little ones were delighted with it.

The dwelling of Peter Sipe, five miles north of town, was destroyed by fire on Christmas day. All it contained is lost, besides his provisions for the coming year. Mr. Sipe is an industrious, hard-working man, and this is a sad calamity to him.

Messrs. S. T. George, Tom Carter, A. Hughs, J. C. Cooper, and R. J. Brown, gentlemen comprising the Winfield Mining Co., in New Mexico, have sold one-half interest in one of their mines for $4,000, and three others for $300 each. They have several mines left.

Messrs. W. J. Hodges and Charles Snow had a "slight unpleasantness" at the "corners" last Saturday, over a hog trade. Charlie had his nose peeled and W. J. carries a skinned ear. Two panes of glass, a bottle of arnica, and $12.50 apiece were the damages.

The publication of the Monitor's locals last week brought us so much glory that we concluded to repeat the experiment. Besides, Joe gave us a nice little puff, and we were afraid people would think in vain if we reproduce it alone. We think some of devoting a half column to the reproduction of the Telegram's locals also.

Adjutant General Noble has received another letter from the Inaugural Committee in regard to bringing the Kansas militia to Washington, March 14th. The letter states that the militia will have to pay half fare and furnish their own provisions. This will perhaps settle the matter, for no company in the state can afford to go and pay its own expenses.

Mr. Adam Sipe, one of our oldest subscribers, made us a pleasant call last week. He received the first number of the COURIER, which was issued January 1st, 1872, and has been a constant reader of it ever since. It was the support and encouragement of such men as Mr. Sipe that held the paper up through the dark days of 1874, and have done much to make it what it is today.


Drs. Wright & Wilson have formed a partnership and their card appears in this issue. Dr. Wilson is a brother-in-law of Dr. Wright, and is one of the best physicians in the country, a perfect gentleman and a valuable addition to our community.


Especial attention given to chronic and surgical diseases.



Mr. Isaac Harris, of Bushnell, Illinois, arrived Tuesday evening. He will spend a week visiting friends in this vicinity. He is seventy-seven years old and this is his first visit to Kansas. He was somewhat surprised at finding the thermometer eleven degrees below zero way down here in southern Kansas.


Some unprincipled fellow sent a telegram from here to the Kansas City Journal last week, setting forth that Charlie Clayton left town with sundry board and wash bills unsettled. Mr. Clayton without delay jumped the Journal with a libel suit, and will likely make them pay dearly for the unreliability of their correspondent.


We give it up. Wirt Walton failed to outfigure us on population, but he can out-maneuver Satan. In his issue of December 1st he offered a premium of a gold dollar for every baby born in Clay county during the month. The ruse was abundantly successful, and we concede him "the cake." The only trouble about the matter is that his subscribers are clamoring for more time, and insist that the proposition was too precipitate.


Vernon township has in successful operation a circulating library. The membership is the payment of slight yearly dues, and all who can contribute a volume. In this way, they have accumulated a nice little library, accessible to any of the members. This is a most commendable enterprise and one that will be of immense good to the community. Every school district in the county might, with little expense, have such a library.


The total tax levied on our railroads for 1881 is as follows: A., T. & S. F., $6,488.89; S. K. & W., $5,853.55; total, $13,324.45. [THIS DOES NOT COMPUTE! I GET $12,342.44! THIS IS A DIFFERENCE OF $982.01!] The amount of interest due and payable on railroad bonds is $12,440. It will be seen that the county received more money by $884.45, from the railroad companies, than it pays out for interest on bonds. The Santa Fe company have paid their taxes in full, the S. K. & W. have paid one-half.



The post office squabble is over. Mr. J. C. Topliff has received the appointment as postmaster at this place. Mr. Topliff has for the past two years served in the capacity of assistant, and has, so far as we have been able to observe, given universal satisfaction. Speaking for all: the honors have been conferred on a deserving gentleman; and if the postal affairs of the city be conducted in the future as in the past, there can be no reason for complaint. Arkansas City Democrat.


RECAP OF LONG ARTICLE: Winfield ladies collected from the larders and closets of those who were able to give, large amounts of clothing and provisions. These were distributed Christmas Day to sixteen families in the city in destitute circumstances. They were supplied with food and clothing. Money is being raised to get them fuel.


It has been demonstrated by a preliminary survey that the whole volume of water in the Arkansas river can be utilized for manufacturing purposes. The plan proposed is to take the water by canal out of the Arkansas river one half mile west of the northwest corner of the city, at a point where the river turns to the south. The canal would run in a southeast direction, and enter Arkansas City at or near the west end of Central avenue, and proceed in the same direction to a point a little south of the city, thence east to the Walnut river. On this route we understand that the deepest cut in the canal will only be fifteen feet.

Another route has been surveyed, for the canal to enter the city near the same place, and proceed northeast on the lowest ground and leave the city at or near the northeast corner. On this route the cut would be much deeper, but the distance a great deal less.

We believe the first named route the most feasible as the survey shows the fall to be about fifteen feet. This would afford a vast water power, and when fully developed, would make Arkansas City the largest and best city in the southwest. By this power our city would be furnished with an abundant, and never-failing supply of water, which would prove much less expensive than steam power. Arkansas City Democrat.


Wednesday evening Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington were "at home" to about sixty of their friends. It was a re-union of lots of the "old timers," with a generous sprinkling of those of a more recent importance, and each vied with the other, in common with the kind host and hostess, to make the evening a charming one, and complete success crowned their efforts. Monitor.



Winfield Courier, December 30, 1800.

With the earliest settlers of Winfield, came Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Millington, since which time their hospitable home has been a favorite with our society people.

At their reception last evening an unusually happy and enjoyable time was had. Mr. and Mrs. Millington, assisted by their daughters, Misses Kate and Jessie, were truly at home in the manner and method of receiving their friends, with a smile and a pleasant word for all. No wonder the hours passed so quickly by. All restraint and formality was laid aside for an evening of genuine good feeling and pleasure.

Among those present were Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Bliss, Mr. and Mrs. N. L. Rigby, Mr. and Mrs. McDonald, Mr. and Mrs. Hackney, Mr. and Mrs. Spotswood, Mr. and Mrs. Gene Baird, Mr. and Mrs. Bedillion, Mr. and Mrs. Moffit, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. McMullen, Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Robinson, Mr. and Mrs. H. Brown, Dr. and Mrs. Black, Mr. and Mrs. Hickok, Mr. and Mrs. Sam Pryor, Mr. and Mrs. Troup, Mr. and Mrs. Scovill, Mr. and Mrs. Lundy, Mr. and Mrs. Lemmon, Dr. and Mrs. Emerson, Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Short, Mr. and Mrs. Kretsinger, Mr. and Mrs. Shrieves, Mr. and Mrs. Roberts, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Williams, Mr. and Mrs. Roy Millington, Mrs. Huston, Miss McCommon, Wirt W. Walton, and J. R. Conklin.

Refreshments were served to the satisfaction and praise of all, and not until a late hour came the "good nights" and the departure of friends for their homes, each of whom will not soon forget the pleasant evening with Mr. and Mrs. Millington.

Daily Telegram.


The trustees of the Presbyterian church with their usual energy are engaged in another enterprise which will much increase the utility and capacity of their church building. The basement story of the building is being divided into three rooms. One large one, which will seat three hundred, is to be used for a lecture room. It is seated with chairs, which can be removed when the room is needed for festivals or social gatherings. Another room, opening off the lecture room, is being fitted up as a church parlor, which the ladies will use for sewing societies, etc. Opening off of this is a kitchen, fitted up with cooking stove and utensils, cupboards, and other conveniences. The lecture room and parlor are connected by folding doors, so that the two may be thrown into one if necessary. The rooms are wainscoted and papered with light colors, which give them a bright, attractive appearance. The windows of the basement are entirely above ground, and the rooms are large. These improvements will make the Presbyterian church one of the most convenient for all church purposes in the State. Others may be larger and more elegant in their appointments, but none are more convenient or better adapted to church purposes. This has been accomplished without contracting any additional indebtedness. The church is now almost out of debt, and thirty or forty of the members are preparing to assume the balance yet due. And here let us remark that the liberality of our citizens in erecting the handsome and commodious places of worship which grace our city will be a lasting monument to their good sense and judgment. Nothing speaks so well for the moral and social standing of a community as its churches, and no other improvements tend more to induce healthy, desirable immigration, or to improve and elevate those already here.




DECMBER 30, 1880.

R. F. Burden, of Windsor township, is another of the successful farmers of this county. He has now 120 acres of growing wheat looking finely, 120 acres prepared for corn planting when the time comes, and considerable land prepared for other spring crops. He has four magnificent stock corrals fenced with stone wall three feet thick at the base and five feet high. His farm is fenced into seven fields or enclosures with six miles of the best kind of osage orange hedge fence. Much of his hedge bears oranges. His barns and outhouses are in good condition and he takes care of his tools. He has 12 acres of cultivated timber, consisting of walnut, ash, maple, cottonwood, etc., and this, with shade trees along the roads, is the glory and pride of his farm. He has 20 acres of orchard, containing 300 apple trees beginning to bear, 1,000 bearing peach trees, besides crab, plum, cherry, pear, and other varieties of trees. He has almost every variety of small fruits that can be found in the gardens of the west.

His principal dependence for money making is in stock raising. He keeps no sheep, has about 15 horses and colts, keeps about 60 stock hogs of the best breeds, and sells about 50 fat hogs per year. He has 185 head of cattle. Of those 86 are steers which he is feeding for market and 96 are cows and stock cattle. His cattle are graded Durham. He has a beautiful farm notwithstanding it never was ornamented with a mortgage. He never gets into debt; always waits for a thing until he can pay for it, and has been fortunate in being able to wait without serious inconvenience. He does not hire much work, but himself and boys succeed in turning off an immense amount of work.

He is amply seconded in his labors by a noble and intelligent wife, whom he has the good sense to fully appreciate, and six daughters and sons, all helpful, healthy, sensible, and affectionate. He considers himself the happiest man in the county.

He has had some ups and downs in life. His native state is Ohio, where he was educated and lived until the age of 19, when he moved to Iowa and went to work to carve out a fortune in that young State, then being newly settled. He married at the age of 21, and in the struggles of some 18 years he had accumulated a fortune and had created a magnificent farm; but he met a crushing loss, which so involved him that to extricate himself, he sold his farm and other property for what he could get, paid all his liabilities, and with sorrowful hearts he and his family left the scenes made sacred by so many years of mutual kindness and toil, and came with their little remnant to Cowley county in 1871, poor but not discouraged.

They located where they now live when their neighbors were many miles distant. Here they went to work, husband, wife, boys, and girls. It was a struggle with privations and hardships; but, with all, it was a happy family. Mr. Burden looks back on these years as the happiest in his life, though now he is comparatively wealthy and surrounded by every comfort and even luxury.

From the above it would seem that he is 48 years old. He does not look more than 35. He is strong, healthy, vigorous, and good looking, in the very prime of life, and we imagine if fortune should again sweep away his wealth, he would go to work again at the bottom and carve out another fortune.

He has the full confidence of the people of this county. His ability and honor are unquestioned. His services to this people as county commissioner for six years past have been valuable, and he could take any other honor in their gift which he would accept.




DECEMBER 30, 1880.

Married in this city, at the residence of C. [O.?] S. Van Deren, December 23rd, 1880, by the Rev. J. E. Platter, Mr. Isaac E. Johnson, of Tisdale township, and Miss Lillie B. Ford, of this city. No cards.

We are pleased to notice this erection of a new family altar and the formation of a new unit of government, even though from Winfield's social circle one of its gems has dropped away. Mr. Johnson has taken his bride to the home of his father, Mr. J. J. Johnson, in Tisdale township, and while the many friends of nee Miss Ford will miss her presence, they cannot but wish her all the happiness her new life can bring.




DECEMBER 30, 1880.

Married at the residence of P. M. Waite, Esq., in Vernon township, December 23rd, 1880, John P. Jackson and Lanie R. Hurst, all of Cowley county, Kansas.

John is one of the best young men in Cowley county, and the bride one of Vernon's brightest and fairest daughters. We wish them a long and happy life.



DECEMBER 30, 1880.

Adelphi Lodge No. 110, A. F. & A. M., elected and installed officers on Monday evening as follows.

J. S. Hunt, W. M.

James Kelly, S. W.

R. C Story, J. W.

J. C. McMullen, Treas.

E. T. Trimble, Secretary.

C. C. Black, S. D.

M. G. Troup, J. D.

J. Cairns, Chaplain.

W. A. Freeman, S. S.

W. W. Smith, J. S.

S. E. Berger, Tyler.




DECEMBER 30, 1880.

The Knights of Honor lodge met and elected officers Monday evening. The officers elected were:

Dictator: A. P. Johnson.

Vice Dictator: W. J. Hodges.

Assistant Dictator: S. S. Linn.

Chaplain: H. D. Gans.

Reporter: W. C. Root.

Financial Reporter: A. Howland.

Treasurer: E. F. Kinne.

Guide: J. W. Batchelor.

Guard: W. C. Robinson.

Medical Examiner: Dr. G. W. Graham.

Dr. Graham was also elected as delegate to the state lodge, which meets soon.





DECEMBER 30, 1880.

The Rev. J. A. Hyden invited to dinner on Tuesday last all the old men in the vicnity. Quite a gay party met and did full justice to the magnificent tables loaded down with turkeys, hams, cakes, pies, coffee, and the many et ceteras, got up in the best order and with the best taste.

During and after dinner the guests and host entertained each other with many pleasant stories and reminiscences of the past. Mrs. Hyden and her sons and daughters furnished charming music. Mr. Hyden made a short and very entertaining address, and the guests made short speeches of sentiment and thanks.

Charley Black appeared rather old and J. E. Conklin next. We did not succeed in getting their ages nor that of the COURIER man. We obtained notes concerning others as follows.

S. S. Holloway was born in Loudon county, Virginia, June 27, 1820, went to Belmont county, Ohio, in 1826; married there in 1846 to Miss Mary R. Weitzel; he was a Quaker, she a Presbyterian. The combination produced two good Methodists. Came to Cowley county in ____ [PAPER TORN...COULD BE 1878 OR 1875 ?].

J. W. Pugsley was born in Athens county, Ohio, Feb. 8, 1828; lived in Ohio 27 years and in Illinois 25 years, and arrived in this county June 4, 1880.

William Kelly, born in Ireland, June 15, 1820, came to America June 2, 1847, to Ohio in 1849, to Indiana in 1852, and to Cowley county, Kansas, in October, 1871.

Daniel W. Bliss, born at Saratoga, New York, April 28, 1822; went to Wisconsin in 1854, to Iowa in 1868, and to this county in 1876.

William Greenlee, born in Washington Co., Pennsylvania, August 3, 1816; went to Ohio in 1861, to Illinois in 1871, and came to Cowley in 1874.

John M. Alexander, born in Cortland Co., New York, Dec. 6, 1822; went to Pennsylvania in 1840, and to Kansas in 1854; came to Cowley county in July, 1870.

John T. Quarles, born in Pulaski Co., Kentucky, May 11, 1818; came to Kansas in 1855, and to Cowley in 1873.

D. V. Cole, born in Greene Co., Kentucky, June 23, 1824; went to Iowa in 1832, and came to Cowley Co., Kansas, in 1878.

Jacob T. Hackney, born in Pike Co., Ohio, Sept. 20, 1816; went to Indiana in 1825, to Illinois in 1828, and came to this county often during the last five years, but came to stay in March, 1880.

Samuel Ingham, born in Oneida Co., New York, April 29, 1814; went to Michigan in 1860, and came to this county in October, 1878. [COULD BE 1873...HARD TO READ.]

Francis D. Stebbins, born in Onondaga Co., New York, April 3, 1821; came to Cowley Co., Kansas, Feb. 24, 1880.

Leland Daggett, born in Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, Nov. 12, 1808; lived in New York state five years, in Illinois 36 years, and in Missouri 6 years, and came to this county in 1870.

James Call, born in Fayett Co., Pennsylvania, in 1796; lived in Canada until 1856, in Iowa until April, 1879, when he came to Cowley county. He is 84 and the oldest man present.

John C. McNeil, born in Washington Co., Virginia, May 16, 1814; lived in Ohio until 1842, then Indiana until 1878, when he came to Cowley county.

J. A. Hyden, born in Roane Co., Tennessee, May 19, 1830, and lived in that State until he moved to Kansas in 1877; came to Cowley in March, 1878.

We did not interview Will Hyden because we thought it would be delicate about telling his age, but will say that he was a gentleman in his attentions to his guests.

After music, an invocation and the doxology, the party dispersed with the warmest feelings for Mr. and Mrs. Hyden.




DECEMBER 30, 1880.

The weather for the past few days had been intensely cold, the thermometer ranging from 30 degrees above zero down to 11 below. There have been several flurries of snow, but not enough to make good sleighing. Some of our new comers have been amused to see two inches of snow made the pretext for getting out the sleighs.

The meat markets seemed to vie with each other in their preparations for Christmas. Miller & Cox came out ahead, and had their shop trimmed out in a style gorgeous to behold. Huge quarters of beef hung around the room decorated with evergreens, etc. Roast pigs, picked chickens, and rings of sausages tempted the passers by. Simmons & Ott were also decorated in fine style.

The drama which was enacted at the Opera House by home talent was a decided success, notwithstanding the stinging cold weather with the thermometer away below zero.




DECEMBER 30, 1880.

The Telegram has commenced war against the Santa Fe


There was a dance a few evenings since at Deacon Marris', at Little Dutch. No 'possum, there.

Mrs. W. C. Root is spending the holidays with her parents in McPherson, and Will in consequence pines in solitude.

The net results of the social held at Col. Fuller's for the benefit of the library amounted to the handsome sum of $42.

The wool growers of Cowley county are in earnest in regard to the taxing of dogs out of existence, as can be easily seen from their report in another part of this paper.

Frank Manny always keeps us on the jump to know what he is going to do next. He is now engaged in making hot-houses and he already has three thousand exotics and is propogating thousands more. Hereafter it will not be necessary for us to go abroad for house plants.

76 Horning now has his house heated with steam. He uses a low pressure engine at the expense of half a gallon of water and three hods full of coal per day. While the original outlay is considerable, yet when done, the cost of fuel is the least of any other plan.

Sheriff Shenneman and Deputy Frank Finch returned from Leavenworth Wednesday morning last, having safely delivered to the warden of the penitentiary Tom King, Kenton Grimes, and Earnest Lewis, who were sentenced at the late term of court. Cowley county now has eighteen representatives in that institution.

J. C. Topliff has been appointed postmaster at Arkansas City, vice Dr. Hughes removed. This course was first indicated by this paper at the close of our November election. The man appointed is an excellent one and fully meets the wishes and wants of the City people. [Ed.]

Weitzel is now the proprietor of the Commercial Hotel in place of Major Baker, who left on Tuesday morning, leaving a large amount of unpaid bills. While such an occurrence is lamentable, we do not believe that the Major would intentionally defraud any man. He has been unfortunate in business, could not pay, and saw no way out except the course he took. We have a right to say this for he owes me quite a bill.

The farmers are complaining that it is no longer safe to leave any article loose in their wagons, that more than likely it will disappear during their absence. We fear that these thefts are committed by young sneak-thieves, and we warn the boys to cease or they will find themselves in the grasp of the law. The marshal and his officers are keeping a strict watch and propose to make an example as early as possible.

The Rev. J. Hyden next Tuesday will entertain a large number of guests at the parsonage. The dinner will be unique in many respects. It will be confined to men whose age is sixty or upwards. They will be of all nationalities and conditions in life, and the intention is "to have a high old time."

Cal Ferguson started for Kentucky on last Thursday, and will be gone three weeks.

Miss Nannie Porter, daughter of Judge Porter, of Monmouth, Illinois, is visiting Mrs. W. P. Hackney.

Mr. and Mrs. Donohue, of Belle Plaine, spent a couple of days visiting the families of Messrs. McDonald and Hackney.

Dr. Parsons left Thursday morning for his former home, Evanston, Illinois, where he will spend the holidays with his parents and friends.

On the last three days of this month Father Kelly will give a fair for the purpose of paying off the debt of the Catholic parsonage. It is a worthy object, and the fair will unquestionably be a success.

The genial Wirt W. Walton has been making his old home a visit of business and pleasure. We felt the better able to take another tug at life's tread-mill after being with him an hour.

The grand jury presented fifty-one indictments, and for almost a week five hundred guilty men, more or less, have been "on the ragged edge," for no man excepting the officers of the court have been able to find out who are the accused parties.

Z. B. Myers, P. B. Lee, and Justin Fisher are entitled to the thanks of the Republicans of this county. Under trying circumstances they collected a large amount of money for carrying on the campaign, and absolutely without the loss of a cent, or the hope of any fee or reward. They will yet be remembered and rewarded.

Major Tom Anderson has resigned his position with the Santa Fe to go into the wholesale boot and shoe business. We esteem this resignation quite a loss to the Santa Fe, as Major Tom is blessed with as large a stock of good common sense as any man in the state of Kansas.

The Santa Fe has had their engineer go over the ground and report the cost of a road from Eldorado through Douglass to Winfield. If the people want to vote the necessary aid, they can have the road. Such a road would build up Little Dutch and Rock, and at the expense of Winfield.

Deacon Harris, of Little Dutch, says that Buckingham and others who started that 'possum story will be indicted for criminal libel, if he has to go before the grand jury himself. Deacon, we would advise you to keep away from that grand jury; it is a two edged sword that cuts both ways.




New Ruling.

Settlers on Osage Lands, Attention!

Parties who are holding filings on land filed upon previous to May 18, 1880, may prove up on their claims by entering a contest at the office of GILBERT, JARVIS & CO., Winfield, Kansas. Parties who have heretofore failed to deed their farms because formerly filed upon, please come in at once. Land Office plats on hand showing what land is filed upon and what is not.




AD: DECEMBER 30, 1880.


Will loan money for terms of 2, 3 and 5 Years at 8 per cent.

Office over Postoffice.



AD: DECEMBER 30, 1880.

A Carriage Trimming and Harness Shop on Ninth Avenue, East side of Main street, next door to Dr. Mendenhall's office.




AD: DECEMBER 30, 1880.



LEVY, the Clothier,

Great Philadelphia Clothing House,

First Door North of Post Office.