[Starting with Thursday, August 26, 1880.]



AUGUST 26, 1880.

We are needing more rain at present.

Watermelons and green cucumbers in abundance.

We understand that Daniel Miles, an old resident of this township, was in the neighborhood last week.

The report reaches us that a little son of Mr. W. H. H. Baum had his leg nearly severed by a mowing machine a few days ago. While Mr. Baum was endeavoring to avoid breaking up a duck's nest with the mower, the little fellow got in front of the sickle bar, and received a terrible cut.

Mr. M. P. Haworth has returned from his visit to Emporia.

It is reported that L. T. Harned has purchased three hundred head of sheep from Mr. Parks. Messrs. Strother and Woolsey have purchased five hundred head.

W. H. Gillard, our store keeper, has another girl. She is most too young to stand behind the counter.


August 14, 1880.




AUGUST 26, 1880.

The executors of A. T. Stewart's will, Judge Hilton and Mrs. A. T. Stewart, have decided to erect male and female colleges in the immediate vicinity of Stewart's Episcopal cathedral, now nearly finished, in Garden City, Long Island. The estimated cost of the institutions and their endowments will reach the sum of $4,000,000. The colleges will be three in number, and one of them is already in course of construction. The intention is the establishment of an institution that will equal the best of the European universities.


Dr. Benepe, who was arrested at Douglass last week on a charge of selling liquor without a license, was bound over to the October term of court in the sum of $2,000. He was afterwards arrested on a charge of forging a paper with the intention of defrauding the government. His examination is set for September 3rd. The doctor is an old citizen of our county, and his friends are loath to believe that he has been engaged in anything "crooked." Eldorado Times.


Some of the Democrats suppose that Gen. McDonald, who has recently demoralized the Republican party by publishing a book of what he knows about whiskey frauds, is the same McDonald who is running for Congress in this district. Because we do not want them to vote for the nominee, we will state he is J. Wade McDonald, and of an entirely different breed from Gen. John McDonald, the prison bird. The latter can tell more lies a few minutes than J. Wade will tell in a whole campaign.


Hon. E. S. Torrance now has thirteen delegates instructed for him, lacking only three of the necessary number. It will not be hard for him to get those three, and he will then have a practical walk-over. Recent statements have led us to think that Torrance is the best man for the place, and we hope Butler county will instruct for him and thus secure the nomination of a good man. Douglass Index.




AUGUST 26, 1880.

Judge Coldwell makes a bitter attack on W. P. Hackney in Tuesday's daily Telegram. In his preface he says: "Mr. Millington refuses to publish it because it gives a true record of Mr. Hackney." This statement misrepresents what we said to him. He told us that it was a reply to insinuations against himself, but contained a terrible indictment against Hackney, or words to that effect. We told him to consider his article declined; that while we would cheerfully publish for him anything personal to himself, we would not use our columns to publish attacks on Republican nominees.

Taking out the sensational and the wholesale and indefinite charges of malice, mendacity, cowardice, despicable scoundrel, etc., terms which angry men can throw at the best with perfect ease, there is left nothing new in this "terrible indictment." It simply charges that his record as a Republican is defective, and then is extremely sensational over a dictum of the Illinois Supreme Court in a case ten or twelve years ago in which Hackney was not a party and had no opportunity to defend his acts. If he committed any crime or became liable for any sum of money, he has been here all these years holding considerable property, and his location has all this time been well known by all who knew him in Illinois. Why have they not closed in upon his property? Why has he not been arrested and taken to Illinois for trial? The terrible indictment looks rather thin.



AUGUST 26, 1880.

It is said that in the Wichita convention someone stated that J. Wade McDonald was a soldier in the rebel army, and that in response one delegate stated that he would vote for a rebel soldier full as soon as for a union soldier, and another said that he questioned the democracy of any man who would oppose a man because he wore the grey.

Now, we do not propose that his friends shall be allowed to make capital for him among Democrats by making them believe he was a rebel soldier and killed Republicans. We boldly assert that such is not the case, but that J. Wade McDonald was a soldier in the Twentieth Illinois infantry, a regiment whose preserved banner is emblazoned with the names of Fredericktown, Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Corinth, and Vicksburg; that he killed Democrats, that he was discharged from service on account of wounds received, and that he still carries rebel lead in his thigh. We don't believe he will be a popular candidate with his party.




AUGUST 26, 1880.

Augusta has got a new Opera House.

The east school building is taking its roof.

Mr. W. T. Roland is busy in Nixon's office registering deeds.

Grenola has its first Municipal election today as a city of the third class.

The blacksmith, Stout, was thrown from a wagon Monday and seriously injured.

The last heard of C. A. Bliss, he was at Saratoga Springs attending a Moody meeting.

John W. Smiley has taken the contract to drill a new military company at Wilmot.

Hodges & Moore are filling a contract for Winfield flag stone to be shipped to Chanute.

Chas. Clayton, Timme the tailor, and Mr. Strahan have gone to the Territory for deer and turkies.

Who says that B. F. Cox is the happy dad of a fourteen pound boy? You cannot prove it by us.

John Q. Ashton, the contractor of the school houses, has been confined to his bed for several days.

Charley Jordon arrived from Denver and the mountains last Monday. He is looking well and enjoyed his trip.

C. C. Black escaped from the torments of Chicago and returned last Monday. So did J. E. Allen, Butler and family.

It is reported that Bert Crapster has got a situation as hotel clerk at Caldwell. We saw him in Winfield last Monday.

Eli Youngheim has moved to the room lately vacated by E. T. Roland's hardware store, where he exhibits a fine stock of clothing.

A conductor of a construction train named Wm. Jackson got his foot so badly crushed at Wellington last week that it had to be amputated.

U. S. Attorney Hallowell, before Commissioner Hughes, at Arkansas City last week, dismissed the complaint against J. W. Ledlie as groundless.

W. L. Mullen bought at Caldwell last week five thousand head of Colorado stock wethers. Iowa men bought at the same place seven thousand head at $2.25.

William Hallock and John P. Hanson, who were arrested here for stealing hides at Wellington, were taken back and bound over in $300 each to answer in the District court.

Some say E. C. Manning has gone east after material to start a newspaper in Winfield and others say he has gone back to New Mexico. We think the latter is true for we do not think he was either crazy or drunk enough to do the other thing.

Dr. Graham and J. D. Pryor got left while returning from Chicago. We suggest that they reform the pernicious habit of smoking and stay among the civilized. In that way they can escape being switched off on the Fort Scott track where all smokers go.

J. P. Short, wife, and child had a close call last Monday evening. They were riding in a buggy near the ford beyond the Tunnel mill with a timid team, when a man rose up in the weeds beside the team, which frightened the horses, and they ran the buggy on a stump, which pitched J. P. out on his head. Mrs. Short caught the child and chucked it down in the bottom of the buggy, reached down over the dashboard, and secured one of the trailing lines, by which time the team had rushed down the bank into the rocky riverbed, where they ran in a circle over the rocks until men enough got inside the ring to stop them. Short is very lame, but little other damage was done, though it is a wonder that all had not been killed. We honor the brave lady for her prompt and sensible act in such a bewildering emergency.


In the late distribution of the State school fund, Cowley is the seventh county in order of those receiving the greatest sums. It gives forty-seven cents for each person of school age. The following are the leading counties in the order of amount


Leavenworth ..... $5,300.

Shawnee ......... 3,736.

Doniphan ........ 3,665.

Atchison ........ 3,545.

Labette ......... 3,418.

Bourbon ......... 3,294.

Cowley .......... 3,184.

Montgomery ...... 3,117.

Johnson ......... 3,090.


At a recent meeting of the I. O. O. G. T. of this city, the following officers were installed: James Kelly, W. C. T.; Mrs. E. T. Trimble, W. V. T.; Henry Rowland, W. S.; Miss Mollie Bryant, W. F. S.; Frank Berkey, W. T.; Rev. Cairns, W. C.; Mr. Linn, W. M.; Miss Clara Berkey, W. G.; T. H. Soward, W. S.


Timme, and the other brave hunter boys, who went to the Territory, have returned. The blue coated people escorted them to the line and excused their further presence in that domain.


The Young Ladies Archery Club will meet with Miss Sarah Hodges, Thursday evening, at 5 o'clock sharp. It is desired that all the members be present.


W. L. Mullen shipped three cars of hogs and W. J. Hodges shipped two car loads of the same kind of fruit on Tuesday.


Mr. Jacob Hackney, father of W. P., has returned from





AUGUST 26, 1880.

Upon Examination of the county records we elicit the starling information that only thirty-two physicians have filed their certificates with the county clerk as required by law. Here they are.

Danl. E. Anderson.

A. C. Barr.

George Black.

D. W. Cole.

Jas. A. Chapman.

F. M. Cooper.

D. Cunningham.

Judson A. Chapel.

W. E. Davis.

P. K. Dobyns.

Geo. Emerson.

W. G. Graham.

Jas. P. Graham.

Jas. A. Griffith.

J. J. Harden.

C. G. Holland.

Geo. M. Hawkins.

Jno. B. McDill.

W. S. Mendenhall.

M. E. Munger.

A. G. Mudget.

Jas. H. Pleasants.

J. W. P. Rothrock.

J. W. Wright.

H. B. Rude.

Robert H. Reed.

Jas. T. Sheppard.

W. M. Schofield.

S. C. Tomlinson.

Jas. Vawler.

Silvester Wilkins.

J. J. Wolf.

Wm. T. Wright.

Geo. P. Wagner.

Homer & Wells.





SEPTEMBER 2, 1880.

The Republican Judicial convention for the Thirteenth Judicial District of Kansas, which met at Winfield September 24th, could not have done better than it did in the nomination of Hon. E. S. Torrance for judge of this district for the next four years. In any event, the Republican nomination in this district is about equivalent to an election, but this nomination is recognized by all parties as so fit that it is probable the Democrats will wake no nomination, and that Mr. Torrance will have no opposition.

Mr. Torrance comes from a clear-headed, vigorous, and intellectual stock. His father, the Rev. Adam Torrance, of Washington, now eighty years old, is still in full vigor mentally and physically.

Elisha S. Torrance was born at New Alexandria, Pennsylvania, in 1846. He graduated at the Washington and Jefferson College, Pennsylvania, in 1867, at the age of 21. He then continued the study of law in the offices of distinguished attorneys, the last of whom was the Hon. Almerin Gillett, at Emporia, from January 1 to September 15th, 1870, at which time he came to Cowley county and commenced the practice of law.

During the last ten years he has devoted himself to the study of his profession with untiring assiduity, and has risen to an enviable rank as a scholarly attorney. His practice has been quite large, and he has filled the office of county attorney in this county for six years with distinguished honor and ability.

With a spotless record, a high character, a clear head, a cultured brain, an enthusiastic love of justice and right, we predict for him a noble career on the bench.



SEPTEMBER 2, 1880.

"From my soul I pity Mr. Millington. I know that his better nature revolts at the dirty work required of him. I pity the sorrows of a poor old man who is trembling for his postoffice."

Judge C. Coldwell in the Telegram.

The venerable Judge has a very "sore head," sore all over, so sore that he forgets his dignity and steals and fiest at us some of the wit and low slang that Allison invented and has already discharged at us two or three times. If the judge would so no dirtier work than to support Republican nominees, if he could get his heard cured, if he suffered no more from sensibility than we, and if the danger of a change in the post office did not worry him more than it does us, he would be infinitely happier than he appears to be at present.

We will just here give notice to the great judge, that we are running this thing in Cowley county and that if he or Bill Hackney or any other persons wants a post office change, he will well to first find out whether we approve of it or not. We are not given to boasting of what we can do, so our readers must excuse us this once and consider that we are dealing with one who is gifted in that line.

Judge Coldwell handed us a reply to our articled headed "Coldwell vs. Hackney," which we intended to publish but he has rendered it stale by publishing its substance in the Telegram. He says the Illinois Supreme Court opinion was not a mere dictum so far as it referred to Hackney, as we represented it, but a judgment of the court. We answer that the issue was between two other parties as to title to real estate, which Hackney claimed no interest in, and therefore did not answer or defend. The court probably found the allegations of the petition true because not disputed, and we insist that it was mere dictum so far as Hackney was concerned.

And now we will put Judge Coldwell before his head was sore, against Judge Coldwell with a sore head in relation to this same matter, and will ask him some questions, the affirmative of which we expect to prove if he denies.

Did you, while a candidate for nomination as probate judge, tell many different persons at different times that you would support Hackney for Senator? Did you then tell Hackney that you had examined that Illinois Supreme Court matter, and that there was nothing in it? That there was no good reason why he should not be elected senator, and that you would support him and vote for him?

Did you say this believing you were telling the truth? Did you say this for the purpose of securing the support of, or to silence the opposition to you, of Hackney and his friends? Did you while a candidate for that nomination make a speech at the Opera House, in which you promised to support the whole ticket, and did you not afterward say that you meant the promise to include Hackney? Was it not your defeat in that nomination which made your head so sore? Was it not that which soured you on most of your old friends here? Did not that defeat so effect your once strong mind, now weaked by extreme age and blinded by rage, that you have forgotten your former dignity and chivalry and are severing your late statements and promises?

Truly may we:

"Pity the sorrows of a poor old man"

Whose trembling limbs have brought him to our door.

Before this we have treated Judge Coldwell with courteous respect and have had a right to expect from him the same, but we now answer him according to the case he makes.




SEPTEMBER 2, 1880.


EDITOR COURIER: After passing a very delightful time with friends in and around New York City, and receiving a visit from my son, Rupert, who came from Charleston, South Carolina, I determined to proceed up the Sound, notwithstanding the recent collision between the Narragansett and Stonington and the burning of the Seawanbaca, whose hull and smokepipe were still above water. Every steamer leaving her dock in all directions is loaded with passengers, and every train bears its burden of human freight, as the whole world was on the move. The night was bright, and the sail to Boston charming, which we reached about 7 o'clock next morning. From the top of Bunker Hill monument, I wrote you a postal. The places of interest are numerous, and among them we visited the commons, public garden, public library, art museum, and others of notoriety, a description of which would be tedious on paper. I bought views from all places which I have seen to take home with me. At Watertown, about six miles from Boston, we visited a cousin, who took us to Mount Auburn, a cemetery of great interest, and one which I have for many years longed to see. In it reposes the last of Charles Sumner, Edward Everett, Hosea Ballou, Louis Agassiz Bowelitch, Chas. Turner Torrey, Margaret Fuller Ossoli, Charlotte Cushman. N. P. Willis, Fanny Fern, Harnden, the first expressman, Francis S. Osgood, and others who we all know by reputation. This cemetery is by far the most beautiful flower garden of any I have seen, its beds being of the most original designs and finest contrast of foliage and flowers.

Greenwood excells in its monuments. Rural, of Albany, in its romantic scenery, and Mount Aubure for its flower gardens.

But the grandest of all is known as Payson's farm of 120 acres, kept in the most perfect order and free to the public. Here are vast lawns, a deer park, with fawns that are so tame they will lick your hand, nicely trimmed hedges, a world of flowers and vegetables, greenhouses filled with every imaginable variety of tropical plants too beautiful to describe, peaches, nectarines, black Hamburg and Muscat Alexander grapes, under glass, bananas and pineapples, all in the most luscious state of ripeness, and yet untouchable. In short, the whole place surpasses description, so scrupulously tasty and neat was every inch of it. A carpenter was employed by the year, and I was told that the expense of running it is $25,000 a year. It is not a market garden, but simply for his own pleasure and for the public.

At Cambridge we visited Agassiz's museum, which consisted of stuffed animals of all countries, birds in endless variety, fishes, reptiles, etc., in alcohol, skeletons of everything, mastodons, etc.

In all my tour, no scenery compared with the Hoosac tunnel route to Albany. The day was cloudy, with a slight rain, which caused a fog to fall in clouds below the peaks of the mountains, giving them a weird appearance, ever and anon winding and twisting like smoke around their very base. The short curves in the railroad, which kept the train following closely the bank of a winding stream, with its pebbly bottom and clear water, swayed us here and there as the cars rushed along, until it seemed as though we were certainly going to upset, but finally found ourselves safely in Albany, and onward until we reached this place, a haven of rest, which I shall call "The Welcome," in commemoration of the same which my cousins gave me upon my arrival, and ever since. Every hour has been one of enjoyment. Here I was reared, and here I have met friends who knew me as a child, and in my riper years, who have rejoiced in my joy and soothed me in my early bereavement. Our visit here is nearly ended, from which we proceed to Ohio and so on home, where our arrival may be looked for about the 11th of October.






SEPTEMBER 2, 1880.

Wichita is to have a crocker factory.

E. N. Henthorn, of Burden, was in town Saturday.

W. L. Mullen has sold the five thousand sheep he bought at Caldwell.

Swain and Watkins take the sub-contract for the wood-work of the courthouse wing.

Miss Mattie Tice will commence a select school in the frame school house next Monday.

Rev. C. H. Canfield, of Independence, occupied the Episcopal desk at the courthouse last Sunday.

Wichita is to have a new representative of the Union Spy during the fair and military encampment.

Miss Mary Bryant will open a select school in one of the rooms of the frame school house next Monday.

Mr. Ashton, the contractor on the school building is recovering from a severe illness of typhoid fever.

Prof. E. T. Trimble has concluded his labors in conducting the normal at Columbus, and returned home.

The new work on the Catholic church in this city was dedicated last Sunday by Father Leary, of Newton, Kansas.

The firm of Bryant & Bennett has dissolved. Bryant continues the business and Bennett returns to Texas.

Dr. S. Wilkins, of Cambridge, called last Thursday and reports late rain and a probable fair corn crop in that section.

A new warehouse is being erected on Main Street, near the K. C. L. & S. depot. We believe Mr. Johnson a heavy grain dealer.

Capt. Siverd has lost all his boarders except Munson, a prisoner of Uncle Sam, who is charged with giving whiskey to an Indian.

The large and beautiful commercial building of Lynn & Loose is nearly completed. It will soon be filled with a heavy stock of goods.

Mr. John Batchelder, who has been confined to his bed for the past ten days with bilious fever, we are pleased to learn is fast recovering.

T. A. Blanchard and family are taking a family excursion with wagon, camping out in Missouri and Arkansas. That is the true way to "excurt."


Winfield Courier, September 2, 1880.

Col. M. L. Robinson has returned from the mountains and mines looking as though trout, rabbits, and other game must have suffered in his presence.

A big Pawnee Indian with his squaw got their pictures taken last Saturday. The Indian was five times as big as the squaw, while she was five times as pretty as the Indian.

Hon. C. R. Miller and lady, of Wichita, were guests of L. C. Myers and family. Mr. Miller is one of the heaviest capitalists of Sedgwick county.

The well at the mound is a foot in diameter, and is said to be 175 feet deep with 75 feet of water. No one can tell whether there is much of a supply of water there or not, but the presumption is in the negative.

Sheriff Shenneman started last Monday with his prisoners, Wilson, Gray, Waterman, Davis, and Edwards for the Leavenworth penitentiary. Hancock's majority in that institution will be increased five votes.

Judge Campbell tried a divorce case last week, John M. Schultz vs. his wife. No defense was made, but the judge was satisfied from his own story that he had abused his wife more than she had him and refused the divorce.

The first ward school house progresses finely. The roof is on, and the interior is nearly ready for the plasterers. It looks well in most respects, but we don't like the looks of that roof, and won't pretend to unless we are paid something handsome for it.

Rev. J. A. Hyden and wife returned from their short vacation the first of this week. The rest seems to have had a good effect on the pastor. He is looking improved.


Messrs. Klingman & Heller now have their blacksmith and wagon shop running in good order. Mr. Klingman has a large acquaintance over the county and is known as one of the best wagon makers that ever drove a spoke.




Are now prepared to do all kinds of Wagon, Buggy, and Blacksmith work cheaper than ever done before in Winfield. Horse-shoeing a specialty. We warrant all our work.


Amos Newhouse, the boss stone cutting and artist, has presented this office with a beautiful paper-weight cut from the fine inter-limestone slate which is used to ornament some of our Winfield stone work. Amos is a genius and an evidence that native American blood is not incompatible with exquisite skill.


MARRIED, at the residence of the officiating clergyman, Rev. Hyden, in Winfield, on the 15th inst., Mr. O. L. Wilson, of Lake Charles, Louisiana, to Miss Ella Davis, of Cowley county.

Mr. Wilson for the past 15 months has been bridge superintendent on the L. W. R. R., and during that time has won the confidence of the officials and all connected with the road. Miss Davis is well and favorably known as one of the most refined and accomplished ladies of Cowley county. The bridal party start for Lake Charles this morning, carrying with them the well wishes of their friends. As they float down the stream of time, may there never be a ripple or squall to mar their happiness.




SEPTEMBER 2, 1880.

The District Court convened in the courthouse in this city last Wednesday, Judge Campbell on the bench. The weather was hot and the attendance was not large. A large number of cases were continued by consent.

The several late occupants of the jail were arraigned in term and plead guilty, except that Frank Williams plead not guilty of the larceny of Hoenscheidt's horse and wagon. The case was terminated by a nolle pros, he having plead guilty to charge of assault upon the jailer and attempt to escape, for which crimes he was sentenced to ten years in the penitentiary.

John Gray, for larceny of Hoenscheidt's horse and wagon, was sentenced to three years imprisonment.

D. B. Waterman, for stealing C. J. Brane's horse, was sentenced to three years imprisonment.

George Davis, colored, for horse stealing, received a sentence of two years.

George Edwards, colored employee in the Arkansas City Hotel, for carving the cook, sentenced for eighteen months.

Court adjourned to Saturday, Sept. 4th, at 9 o'clock a.m.




SEPTEMBER 2, 1880.

The following persons hold certificates at this time and are legally qualified to contract with school boards.



Mary J. Melville.

Arah E. Davis.

P. S. Martin.

T. J. Floyd.

R. B. Corson.

Nellie M. Aldrich.

Lena Bartlett.


Allie E. Dickie.

Mrs. Will B. Caton.

A. B. Taylor.

Ella Freeland.

Lena McNeil.


William Wycoff.

Anna F. Cuppage.

W. B. Dickerson.

Rosa Frederick.

A. E. Hon.

Nannie McGee.

Caro F. Meech.

Ray E. Nawman.

Fannie Pontius.

Amy Robertson.

Mrs. P. B. Seibert.

Maggie Stansbury.

Mrs. Flora Ward.

J. J. Stevens.

R. S. White.



Fannie B. Skinner.

Albertine Maxwell.

Mrs. Lizzie L. Standley.

Frances Pehlps.

Orlin Phelps.

Mary Theaker.

Mattie F. Mitchell.


J. R. L. Adams.

Chas. Hutchins.

Jas. E. Perisho.

Mrs. L. M. Theaker.


Ghyrza Dobyns.

Flora Finley.

R. C. Galley.

Ella Grimes.

W. N. Henderson.

Derwin Hunter.

Susie L. Hunt.

Blanche Marshall.

S. C. Murphy.

Linnie Peed.

Sada Pickering.

Jessie Sanky.


S. F. Overman. - B.

R. B. Overman. - B.

Ada Overman. - C.

A. P. Cochran. - C.


H. T. Albert. - B.

H. F. Albert. - B.

M. Hemenway. - B.

R. O. Stearns. - C.


Mary A. Tucker. - A.

E. A. Millard. - A.

Arvilla Elliott. - B.

S. Chandler. - C.


T. H. Aley. - B.

Martha Thompson. - B.

J. H. Bartgis. - C.

S. T. Hockett. - C.


Sada E. Davis. - C.

Rosa Rounds. - C.

Mattie West. - B.


W. E. Ketcham. - B.


Porter Wilson. B.

P. W. Smith. - B.


L. McKinlay. - B.


Mrs. H. Knickerbocker. B.

Mrs. A. M. Gillespie. - C.

W. H. Funk. - C.


L. C. Brown. - C.


Nettie D. Handy. - C.


F. A. Chapin. - C.


A. Limmerick. - B.




SEPTEMBER 2, 1880.

A Rare Chance.

For sale, a fine house with one acre of ground. The house contains five rooms all complete, a splendid well, and cellar, the house new and just painted. Hedge on three sides of the lot, 25 fruit trees, out building, etc. The above property will be sold cheap for cash. Call and see me, and also, please inspect the property. Winfield. Aug. 24th, 1880. E. E. BACON.




SEPTEMBER 9, 1880.

The safest political team we know of is the legal firm of Hackney & McDonald, of Winfield, Kansas. Mr. Hackney is a Republican, and is a candidate for the State Senate. Mr. McDonald is a Democrat, and is a candidate for Congress. At the game of "Heads I win--tails you lose," these gifted young men have few equals and no superiors. Kansas City Times.


We notice that a very unfair and persistent fight is being made in Cowley County against the Republican nominee for State Senator, Hon. Wm. Hackney. Some Republicans are going into this fight, and, we think unfairly. Mr. Hackney is an able man, as his worst enemy will admit, and is a man who has had, and will hereafter have, great influence with any body he may be a member of. His county, in common with all the counties in that part of the state, have great interests in the next legislature, growing out of the apportionment which is to be made. Mr. Hackney would have quadruple the influence in the senate than any Democrat that could be elected, and if Mr. Hackney is not sent to the Senate, a Democrat will be. Our friends in Cowley county should bear these things in mind and not let their prejudice run away with their interests or their Republicanism. There are other districts in the state in the same predicament, and this word of advice is as applicable to Republicans in those districts as to those of Cowley county. Commonwealth.




SEPTEMBER 9, 1880.

After E. B. Brainerd was put in nomination by Hon. A. L. Redden, for Treasurer, M. G. Troup, of Winfield, arose and in a short address seconded the nomination. We were back of the Cowley delegation sitting on a table at the end of the hall beside the Hon. Eugene Ware, the famed poet of Fort Scott. Mr. Ware remarked to us that Mr. Troup's speech was "just the neatest and best thing of the kind he ever heard." Not long after this Mr. Troup was strolling past us and we had the pleasure of introducing to the poet the orator he had so gracefully complimented.

We met Gen. Rice, manager of the Western National Fair at Bismarck Grove. He told us to say that an attempt had been made to supply all Kansas editors with tickets to the fair, and if any have been missed, they should present themselves and let it be known and they will be provided with tickets. The fair opens the 13th and closes the 18th.

When we got home we found it currently reported that Wirt W. Walton was the nominee of the Convention for Secretary of State. This is a mistake by just two years. Wirt was like the colored Mr. Waller who, when named in the Convention for attorney-general arose and said he would not ask for the nomination "at this time."

The delegation to Topeka would have had a good time had it not been for Jim Finch, who prevented them from getting the full benefit of their Havanas. Before one got his cigar two-thirds smoked, Jim would come around and borrow it under the pretence of lighting his own with it; but the moment he got the stub into his hand, he would stick it into his mouth and march smoking away. How many stubs he got in that way is unknown.

Some Crawford county men insisted that our name was Millington and that we were their candidate for the legislature. It was with difficulty that we convinced them that we were not our Crawford county brother.

Col. D. R. Anthony got into the St. John ranks before the lists were too full to admit more.

Judge Campbell was beaten as chairman of the convention 194 to 100. This was not a test of the relative merits of Morrill and Campbell as estimated by the convention, but only a test of the strength of St. John. Morrill was the St. John candidate, and it was expected that those in favor of St. John would vote for Morrill.

Wirt Walton and F. P. Baker do not like to eat crow, but much prefer chicken. They are usually quite fastidious about their diet and like to range themselves on the winning side. But both missed it this time, hence their disagreeable diet.

Reed, of the State Journal, declares he won't eat the crow, he will be shot first. Wonder if he is interested in that Protective Union campaign fund.

W. P. Hackney, A. H. Green, Fred C. Hunt, and some others got left at Poppendick's Friday morning when the train passed for the southwest. The night clerk woke up the wrong set of passengers.

M. G. Troup was a member of the committee on credentials and was complimented on the efficient work he did in that capacity.

Leading Republicans from all parts of the state inquired anxiously of us if there was any danger that Hackney would be defeated, stating that such a result would be a bad blow for the party not only in Cowley but throughout the State. We assured them that W. P. Hackney would be elected by more than 500 majority.

The trouble with Col. H. L. Taylor, of Sedgwick, E. B. Brainard, of Butler, and James McDermott, of Cowley, was that their local delegations were cold or lukewarm. In the latter case no canvass had been made in the State, or among the delegates, while opposing candidates had made a vigorous canvass and their local delegates were for them first and ready to trade anything else for them. Our delegates were for St. John first and were not solid for McDermott in any event. It was generally admitted that McDonald made the best impression and was the equal in other respects to any candidate. The only way to secure a nomination is to have some local delegation composed of effective and experienced workers who are for him so earnestly that they will be ready to sink all other preferences in his interests.



SEPTEMBER 9, 1880.

WINFIELD, Ks., Sept. 7, 1880.

EDS. COURIER: In the Daily Telegram of Monday is an article entitled "Two Edged Swords," in which among other falsehoods, is the following:

"Hackney during the last legislature spent the full term there. Knowing Pyburn, Hackney suggested to the Santa Fe people his employment."

This in the personal organ of Senator Pyburn, is peculiarly significant.

I did not go to Topeka as the paid attorney of any railroad company, as this article charges. The people of Cowley had no railroads. Our bonds had been voted to the Santa Fe company on condition that this company should build the road in a limited time. Before the company had effected the loans necessary to raise the money with which to build this road, the legislature met and immediately was commenced a war on the Kansas roads, seeking by legislation to take the control of them from the men who furnished the money with which to build them, and to place it in the hands of men to be appointed by the Governor.

These movements on the part of the legislature had the effect to so intimidate Boston capitalists who were to furnish the money to build our railroads, that they would not invest. The committee which had been appointed by our citizens were notified that this road could not be built if the proposed legislation should be effected.

Thereupon the committee and citizens of Winfield and Cowley county were alarmed, and applied to me to go to Topeka and try to prevent the passage of what was known as the Rigg's bill. Busy as I was at the time, and much as it cost me in the loss of valuable law business, I was prevailed upon to go for ten days. At the expiration of that time I should have returned, but for the personal solicitation of General Manager Strong, who assured me that the pending legislation was having a disastrous effect upon the attempts of the company to raise the money to build our road. At his request, I remained until some time in February, when I met the men who organized the Southwestern Kansas and Western railroad company. I was chosen one of the directors, went to Kansas City, examined into the matter, and became convinced that they meant business and could build the road.

I came home with Gen. Blair, their attorney, and the proposition to vote bonds to the east and west railroad was submitted. The proposed legislation was defeated; both roads have been built, and the people have the benefit. I have never received one nickle for the time and money I expended in securing these roads. I am still a director in the latter, having been re-elected since because, as I suppose, of their faith in my honor.

Before I went to Topeka, our people hauled their wheat and hogs 50 to 75 miles to Wichita, and there paid $45 a car to Kansas City. In consequence of the building of these two roads through the county, for the last two months our farmers have been shipping their wheat, hogs, and corn from home to Kansas City for ten dollars a car, and no hauling to Wichita, and have saved enough already to pay the bonded debt.

Then why this railroad howl against me in the Telegram? It is only to try to beat me by any means, fair or foul.

No railroad corporation or agent of one has ever approached me on the subject of what will be my course with regard to railroads if elected to the senate. No person, corporation, or firm has ever contributed one cent toward my election or the expenses connected therewith either directly or indirectly, and I never said anything to indicate otherwise. When the impersonal columns of the Telegram or its personal owner says aught to the contrary, it or he simply lies, and I mean this statement to be broad and long enough to cover every charge made in that article and that the shoe shall fit him who asserts and him who circulates these lies, let them be whom they may.

The Telegran says because I knew my man, I could get the Santa Fe people to employ him. Now I assert that Pyburn and I were not divided in opinion but stood on the same platform and acted in concert that winter. I had supposed that the company employed Pyburn because of his ability as an attorney, but the ass-tute manager of the Telegram tells us that such is not the case, but that he was appointed at my request because I knew my man. The Telegram intimates that his employment was not on account of his legal ability but for the purpose of controlling his vote on the pending legislation. This is the only inference that can be drawn from the Telegram article. Verily does Pyburn suffer from this insane zeal to vilify me. It is bad to have a fool-friend. If the Telegram keeps going, it will convince its readers that Senator Pyburn is either a fool or a knave, possibly both. I suppose that Mr. Pyburn attends to such legal business as is entrusted to him by the Santa Fe company. The firm of which I am a member does the same for the K. C. L. & S. company. We do this work for pay just as we work for other clients.

And now I pronounce the fusillade of billingsgate with which the columns of the Telegram have been filled, regarding myself, for weeks and months past, as false, malicious, cowardly, and libelous, and the authors of them characterless hypocrites and malicious scoundrels. I invite the small pack of coyotes who contribute to its columns to do their dirtiest, I expect no favors from them in this campaign and will grant none. My public services are well known to the people of the county; and if again wanted, they will elect me to the Senate in spite of such opposition. If not, I shall be content and henceforth give my individual attention to my business.





SEPTEMBER 9, 1880.

Judge Coldwell thinks it terribly mean for Hackney or anyone else to write to Texas inquiring about the standing of the Judge in his old "stamping ground," but Hackney does not seem to feel any alarm when anyone writes to Illinois for his record. All his old Illinois acquaintances seem to feel just as John Adams does. Hear him.


Kansas, Sept. 6th, 1880. )

EDS. COURIER: On last Friday two men called at my home in my absence, and inquired for me, saying that they had learned that I was from Logan county, Illinois, and knew W. P. Hackney, and that they wanted to get an affidavit from me as to the bad character of Mr. Hackney in Illinois. They left leaving word for me to go down to Seeley, and they would leave an affidavit for me to sign, there. Now I will inform those gentry that I knew Mr. Hackney well at his old home in Illinois, and that if these gentlemen stood half as well in Kansas as he does in Illinois, they would be in better business than they are. I will support Mr. Hackney for the State Senate, as will all his old acquaintances from Illinois, the slime of the mud-slingers to the contrary notwithstanding.





SEPTEMBER 9, 1880.

M. L. Read returned from Colorado last week.

The Richland state militia company is growing finely.

The K. C. L. & S. railroad is completed to Harper.

The building of the Brettun House makes haste slowly.

Miss Jennie Hane has gone to Freeport, Ill., on a visit.

F. M. Friend has gone to Chicago to lay in a stock of goods.

Mr. Rigby has his bell in place on the tower of his new rock palace.

W. J. Hodges has succeeded in gathering in two more car load of hogs.

Mrs. T. A. Wilkinson and children have returned from New Mexico.

If Johnny Hudson keeps feeding our boys on watermelon, we shan't answer for the result.

Mr. Ed. Nicholson, our popular and efficient assistant marshal, retires from the police force.

Mr. J. England, of Dexter, Merchant, farmer, scholar and Stalwart, visited the COURIER last Monday.

Dr. Graham and his new partner, Dr. Parsons, have moved into their new office on the old Central Hotel grounds.

Hillary Holtby brought us in a sample of his California Russett potatoes, last Saturday. They weighed about a pound each.

Messrs. Bradt & Snook, from Michigan, have rented the Taggart brick building and will put in a stock of furniture soon.

J. C. Walters has removed to Wellington and has assumed the cares and responsibilities of landlord of the Commercial Hotel.

Will W. Frye has returned from his long visit to Labette county, and takes his position at his case in this office as natural as life.

Messrs. Hackney and Gans will address the people at Rose Valley school house in Liberty township on Saturday evening, Sept. 18th, 1880.

The compliment tendered the young Republicans of Cowley county by electing Henry E. Asp chairman of the state club is highly appreciated all over the county.


An advertisement of Mrs. DeFaulk, milliner and dressmaker, appears in this issue. Mrs. DeFaulk has taken room adjoining Mrs. Stamp's and will open out about Sept. 20th.

AD: NEW CITY MILLINERY, MRS. DeFAULK AND SISTER Have taken the storeroom two doors north of Mrs. Stump, where they will open about Sept. 20th one of the most Select Stocks of Millinery ever brought to Winfield. They will also conduct Dress and Cloak Making. Cutting and Fitting will be made a specialty. They are agents for the celebrated Butterick Patterns. Being ladies of a number of years experience in this business, they hope to merit the patronage of the public.


Mrs. J. L. Horning accompanied Miss Himebaugh on her return to her home in Muskegon, Michigan. The latter will remain, but the former will return after a visit of a few weeks.

Last week ended the uneventful career of the Oxford Reflex. Bro. Stump has made a good paper, and should have been sustained by the people of Oxford. We will miss the paper.

On tomorrow (Thursday), at 7:45 p.m., there will be held a meeting for the purpose of organizing the Young Men's Christian Association, in the M. E. church lecture room. All christian and moral men are invited to be present.

We guess that in going to the State convention, Winfield deadheaded on the Santa Fe road rather heavily, for we heard that Major Anderson had issued orders that if any conductor attempts to collect fare from any man claiming to be from Winfield; "shoot him on the spot."

A lamp explosion occurred at Flemming's drug store last Saturday evening, and for a short time there was danger of a conflagration, but the citizens quickly assembled in large numbers; and headed by the mayor, they quickly succeeded in smothering the flames.

Dr. W. T. Wright, returned from his ramblings Tuesday having gained over thirty pounds during his absence. After traveling overland over a large part of the state, he is more convinced than ever that Kansas is the garden spot of the world, and that Cowley is the best part of Kansas.

J. C. Roberts and daughter returned from a visit to friends in the east Tuesday evening. While absent J. C. visited the Indiana State penitentiary, and while there learned the political preference of the convicts working in one of the shops. The convicts numbered 24 and the vote stood Hancock 22, Garfield 2. Horace Greeley wasn't far from right when he said that "every democrat was not a horse thief, but every horse thief was democrat." It is supposed that the two who voted for Garfield voted fraudulently.


"The cruel war is over." Last Monday the railroads came to an understanding, and the old rates established. The low rates lasted over two months, during which time thousands of dollars have been saved to the farmers of Cowley county. One firm in Winfield saved on freight alone over twenty-five hundred dollars, and thus been enabled to sell goods about 7 percent lower than they otherwise would. As it was with this firm, so has it been with all the leading firms in Winfield, and today the farmers of Cowley county are getting 7-100 more goods for a dollar than their less fortunate neighbors in Elk and Montgomery counties.


Winfield is to have another first-class dry goods store. Wood, Jettinger & Co. have rented the building now occupied by Lynn & Loose, and will put in a twenty-five thousand dollar stock of dry goods as soon as they get possession, which will be about Oct. 1. The have secured the services of Mr. Will Hyden; formerly with M. Hahn & Co., as head clerk. Will is a popular salesman, and his acquaintance with the people will make his services doubly valuable. Messrs. Wood, Jettinger & Co. are making large investments in Winfield and are valuable citizens.


There were about fifty exodusters in Winfield Saturday, on their way to Arkansas. They attended the Republican meeting and heard the speech of Hon. Geo. R. Peck, in which he contrasted Arkansas and other southern states with Kansas and other northern states and put his points so clearly that even the exodusters could understand and feel the force of the argument. The result is that the said exodusters declare that they will not go to Arkansas on any account.


J. W. Sipe, of Beaver township, was bitten by his dog on Monday evening. The wound was on his hand and only slight, but the hand swelled temporarily. The dog appeared to have fits in the evening and was killed. The question arose whether the dog was rabid. Mr. Sipe came to town Tuesday and examining the COURIER files of two years ago, found that E. Shriver, of Sheridan, had a mad stone. He went over to see Shriver and the mad stone.


That well at the mound is a "big bore," that is to say, it is 200 feet deep and 11 inches in diameter. If the water would only gush out of that hole, if only some hidden force would send an 11 inch solid column of water 200 feet into the air to fall in rain and spray, there would be a chance of getting some water for the city. But it does not act that way, strange as it may seem, and we must look to some other source for our fire department



John E. Allen presented us with a large "watermillion" last Monday, and here is the puff to which it entitles him. Of course, he slipped in afterwards, stole the melon, and presented it to Allison, securing another puff; then stole it again and presented it to Conklin, got another puff; then stole it again and ate it himself. We expect he stole it at first from some farmer's wagon.


Mrs. James McCullough, of Indiana, mother of Mrs. M. S. Teter, has been visiting her friends and relatives in Beaver township. Her husband visited here last year and wanted to sell out and move here, but she would not consent. She has now written him to sell out and come on. If she likes this country so well in this year of drouth, we think she will stand it any other year.


John S. Foster, who lives near Little Dutch, brought us half a dozen ears of corn from a sixty acre field, which was planted May 1st. If anyone desires to see what Kansas can produce in the way of big corn in a dry year, he is invited to call at this office and see these samples, and if any wish to procure the right kind of seed corn, they had better call on John S. Foster.


Hon. D. J. Evans, supervisor of census, writes us to correct our error in stating the populations both of Wellington and Winfield. He informs that "the returns of the United States enumerators as reported to this (his) office give Winfield a population of 2,850, and Wellington a population of 2,700." This shows Winfield has 150 more than Wellington.


Mr. Shannon, the state man at Cambridge, met with a terrible accident last week while coupling cars. He got his arm pinched so as to tear off the flesh to the bone above the elbow. He was brought to Winfield for treatment, and we hope his injuries may not prove dangerous as well as frightful.




SEPTEMBER 9, 1880.

"Now, honestly, Charley, don't you feel it in your bones that the Telegram item of 'What will happen - Nov. 2. Election of Hancock and English' is a whopper." If you believe it is true, we fear that you will occupy rooms at Osawatomie before Nov. 2 - COURIER.

"On the contrary Brother Millington, Charley is so thoroughly convinced of the truthfullness of the 'item,' and that his own reason shall remain enthroned; that he hereby proposes, to wheel you in a wheelbarrow at noon at as early a day as the result shall be definitely known, from the Brettun House down the middle of Main street to the Stewart House, if Hancock and English fail to receive the majority of electoral votes cast for President and Vice President in the coming election! Provided that you agree to wheel him the same distance and under the same circumstances in case Hancock and English do receive the majority. Party being wheeled to furnish suitable music for the occasion. Do you accept. Telegram. CHAS. C. BLACK."

All right. It is a bargain. We accept on the ground that the election returns will sound to Charley so like "the rack of empires and the crash of worlds," that he will certainly go daft unless his mind is diverted at once by good vigorous wheelbarrow exercise.




SEPTEMBER 9, 1880.

D. F. Cunningham is buying and shipping peaches to Colorado and New Mexico.

Twenty-five teams with Wichita Indians as drivers loaded with flour at Searing's Mill this morning.

The A. T. & S. F. R. R. Co. are building a new round house at Mulvane. It is to be the same size of the one here.

We are informed that Mr. Conrad, living one mile north of town, has purchased a hay press and steam engine, and intends putting up several hundred tons of hay to bail and ship this fall.

Henry Hasty and sister and Miss Shaply, of Pleasant Valley township, met with quite a serious accident last Sunday evening while out riding. They were going down a steep hill, when the neck-yoke broke and the tongue of the buggy run in the ground, throwing them out and bruising them pretty badly. Fears are entertained that Miss Shaply will not recover.

The salt marsh at Salt City is one of the prettiest scenes of natures doings we ever saw. It covers forty acres of land. Viewing it from the South it appears like a beautiful lake; from the north, like a vast snow-field glistening in the summer's sunshine, but upon approaching it, you find a vast field of crystalized salt. It is indeed beautiful, and will pay anyone well to make a trip to the city to see it.



[Y. M. R. C.]

SEPTEMBER 9, 1880.

One hundred and eleven young Republicans met in Representative Hall in Topeka last week and organized a Young Men's Republican Club for the State of Kansas. The Republican Club of Winfield was represented by Henry E. Asp, Fred C. Hunt, Will Wilson, and Ed. P. Greer. The contest over the chairmanship was spirited, and resulted in the election of Cowley's bright young orator, Henry E. Asp. The candidates for the position were C. C. Baker, of Topeka; J. R. Burton, of Abilene; John Coulter, of Leavenworth; and Henry E. Asp, of Winfield. Mr. Asp was elected on the fourth ballot, receiving 62 votes, Burton 41, Baker 1.




Winfield Courier, September 9, 1880.

It has ever been the pride of the press and citizens of Winfield to point to our magnificent opera house, our fine church buildings, residences, and business houses; also, our new hotel and school houses, now in course of construction, with a great deal of satisfaction.

But now comes Col. Manning with his usual energy and enterprise, and proposes to expend over fifteen hundred dollars for the improvement and finish of his opera house.

Mr. Barclay is now engaged putting in gas, the pipes and jets being nearly all completed. Two large twelve-light chandeliers will light up the audience room, with the assistance of side burners and foot lights. The stage and dressing rooms are also furnished with sufficient light.

This morning Messrs. Tschudi & Blomberg, fresco painters and scenic artists, of Cincinnati, Ohio, commenced the frescoing and painting of the entire opera house, and the re-painting of all old scenery, with the addition of quite a number of new scenes.

It was these gentlemen who did the work on the opera house at Wichita and many of our citizens know the quality and style of their work; hence we can safely say our opera house will be well done. Long live the Colonel and may his public enterprise never grow dim.





SEPTEMBER 9, 1880.

Married by Simeon Martin, at his resideance, in Maple townsxhip, on Tuesday, Aug. 31st, 1880, Mr. Gary Blackheart to Miss Minerva Fluke, both of Rock Township, Cowley County, Kansas.

Married on the evening of September 1st, at the residence of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Palmer, in Cedar Falls, Iowa, Mr. Frank Smith, of Chelsea, Iowa, to Miss Emma R. Palmer, of Cedar Falls. The Rev. John G. Palmer, the bride's brother, officiating.

Mr. Smith is a nephew of Mrs. D. A. Millington, and was here last summer visiting her. The couple have taken up their residence in Chelsea, Iowa, where the groom is engaged in the mercantile business. The wedding was a large one.




SEPTEMBER 9, 1880.

Mr. Si. Dahlgran has a nice garden if the later rains only fall.

Mr. Stone has sisters from Ohio and Washington City visiting him.

Mrs. Jarvis and Mrs. Allen are both quite sick with bilious fever. Doctor Knickerbocker is attending.

Mr. Taylor McKee buried a little three-year-old boy last Tuesday.

Mr. Read will give a dinner to his Sunday school class next Sunday.

The doctor's heels are so he can wear his boots. You see that walk back to Sammy Allen's was enough to produce blisters.

Mr. Read had a well drilled in front of his store, which promised a fine supply of water but the extreme drought caused it to fail.

We fear Samuel Allen will not be in good plight for the political race this fall. It is observed that he is becoming bow-legged since he carried the doctor on his back across Timber creek on the night of the charivari.



SEPTEMBER 16, 1880.

Mr. Evans, of Ohio, is one of the latest arrivals in this neighborhood. He proposes engaging in the sheep business and locating permanently.

A brother of Elisha and Leonard Harned, from Kentucky, is making them a visit. Of course, he is well pleased with Kansas, regardless of the parched condition of the country.

Elder R. S. Thompson and R. W. Pester have each begun making sorghum.

More stone fences will be built this coming winter than any previous year in this township. Wm. Jenkins. W. R. Stolp, and R. S. Johnson contemplate building a considerable amount.

Mr. Frank Haycraft is expecting his brother, Mr. Abe Haycraft, of Minnesota, here on a visit soon.

Sept. 6th, 1880. CAESAR.




SEPTEMBER 16, 1880.

Several new houses are being built in our neighborhood.

There is a state militia company here. Mr. C. W. Doty was elected lieutenant, so I understand.

Aug. 30th, 1880. MRS. GRUNDY.




SEPTEMBER 16, 1880.

A. D. Speed has built him a fine house.

The basement walls of the Brettun House are up.

Cattle have been dying rapidly, below in the Territory.

Col. McMullen and family left for Bismarck Tuesday.

L. Knight went up on Monday to attend the Wichita fair.

Mr. Sinnot has been appointed marshal of Arkansas City.

Henry Asp returned from Abilene and the north, Sunday.

Taylor Fitzgerald returned from his visit to Indiana Sunday.

Ten thousand head of cattle were shipped at Hunnewell last week.

It is said that Capt. Nipp has discovered coal on his farm in South Bend.

The second ward school house walls have risen to the height of two stories.

Three extra cars were brought down on the Santa Fe Monday for the accommodation of the militia.

The new dry goods firm is to be Williams & Jettinger instead of Wood, Jettinger & Co., as we stated.

J. S. Mann leaves for the east Thursday. He will buy a magnificent stock of clothing, etc., before returning.

Col. J. C. McMullen and wife, and Mrs. J. C. Fuller left on Monday morning to spend the week at the Bismarck fair.

The Winfield Rifles left Monday afternoon for Wichita to participate in the regimental drill at that place this week.

Mrs. Sam Pryor has returned home after an absence of two months, and S. D. Pryor now looks smiling and pleasant as of old.

The editor has gone to Kansas City, where he will meet his better half and daughter, and with them attend the Bismarck fair.

D. L. Kretsinger has gone to Lecompton to hunt the slave state constitution which Bill English tried to force upon free Kansas.

Lafe Pence has been confined to his bed with malarial or political fever. He is better now, but will be sicker than ever November 2nd.

Mrs. Col. Manning has gone to Topeka with Miss May Manning, who will be placed at school in the College of the Sisters of Bethany.

The Arkansas City schools commenced on the 6th with Prof. Phelps and wife, Miss Finley, and Mrs. Theaker as instructors, and 170 pupils.

Rev. Mr. Frey has accepted the post of rector of the parishes of Coffeyville and Independence, and removes to Independence in a week or two.

Capt. A. D. Lee has finally decided to go to Seeley, Cowley county, and open up a store there, taking with him his stock of goods he purchased here. We wish him success. Douglass Index.

Lem Cook, formerly of Pleasant Valley township, in this county; also of the Topeka grocery house of Cook, Clugston & Co., is now the proprietor and landlord of the Leland House Caldwell.

The Humboldt Rifles passed through Winfield Monday on their way to Wichita. They are a fine body of men, well officered, and have the reputation of being the best drilled company in the State.

Henry Goldsmith, with his usual enterprise, has received a full stock of political works, describing every president from Washington down, and containing much information of interest to the people.

We would like to know who was mean enough to steal the collection which was taken up to pay the eloquent temperance lecturer the other night and spend it at Fahey's saloon setting up the drinks for the crowd.

S. P. Case, of Vernon, understands the wants of hungry printers to a dot. He brought the boys at this office a peck of very fine peaches last Tuesday, and they are ready to vote for him the first time he runs.


Hon. W. W. Perkins intends to leave next week and settle down to the law practice in Kansas City. He has an opening there which promises to advance him financially and feels that he must accept it.


U. S. Marshal Horn arrested one Wilson, Wednesday morning. He has been passing counterfeit money for some time. A set of plaster paris moulds was found in which he moulded lead dollars, and he had passed some twenty of them. He was arrested in the house with one Mrs. McCabe, with whom he has been living for some time.


George Waterman, who was recently sent to the penitentiary from Winfield, was very sorry before he started up that he had not telegraphed so as to have his father meet him at Leavenworth. However, the young man was gratified by greeting his old father when he arrived, as the old man had preceded him a few days, on a five years sentence for robbery. Telegram.


Snyder & Spotswood are doing a "Land Office" business shipping produce. They send out nearly a car load of chickens, peaches, and "sich" every day. They are shipping mostly to New Mexico and Leadville.


Free Library. The free library is again secured to us for another year by the action of the city council on Monday night, in passing an ordinance appropriating $1,200 to pay the running expenses of the Topeka library association. The people value the library more and more, day by day, and since it is settled that they are to still enjoy it, they are glad. Commonwealth.

"How is this for high?" Have our city council the authority to do likewise by the Ladies Library Association in Winfield? If so, can they do a better thing for this city than to make an appropriation of about $50.00 per month.




SEPTEMBER 16, 1880.

Miss Sarah Robb, of Maple township, committed suicide last week by taking strychnine. The cause was remorse over the result of a love affair and the birth of an illigitimate child.

The Lynn & Loose building is almost finished and will be occupied next week.

James Biggs of Frankfort, Marshall county, has bought property in this city, will put up several buildings, will put in some money as an investment, and may come here to live. Knew Col. Manning 23 years ago at Marysville. C. L. F. Johnson is his son-in-law.

Father Kelley opened a select school in the Catholic church Monday morning. All are admitted to this school without regard to religious beliefs. All the common school branches will be taught, and also the languages to those who desire. Terms reasonable.

Rev. W. B. Avery, elder and pastor in charge of a district comprising Montgomery, Cowley, and intermediate counties for the A. M. E. church, is in the city soliciting funds with which to put the church in this city on a good working basis. Our businessmen and others should help him.


And now the democratic Black Allison & Company ring has succeeded in driving Mr. Pyburn from their ticket so that the ambitious "Charles" might secure the very doubtful compliment. During the canvass he will "rattle around" in the place recently filled by Mr. Pyburn.

[EARLIER: Hon. A. J. Pyburn, the best timber that the Democrats had for State Senator, placed his withdrawal from the candidacy in the hands of the Democratic committee last week, and that committee met last Saturday and placed C. C. Black in nomination.

Charley Black does not stand half the chance Pyburn did, but he has got the money to run the machine with, and lots more of it coming in as interest on his notes and mortgages. He can afford it.]


S. H. Roberts and Miss Sarah Pooley were married Tuesday afternoon. This is another campaign dodge. Sammy is a regular hard-shelled democrat and Miss Pooley is one of our most enthusiastic republican ladies. All arguments having failed to convince him of the error of his ways, this was the only course left to pursue and will result in another vote for Garfield and Arthur in November.




Barreled Salt. I have a large lot of Salt on hand, purchased during the Low Freight Rates and which will be sold at a bargain. MARTIN WEST, GROCER. SOUTH MAIN STREET, WINFIELD.


T. M. McGUIRE. Received a car load of salt on the last day of the 10 cent rate, and is now able to sell it at prices below competition.


FOR SALE. 155 head of thrifty sheep. Call on H. E. Silliman, Winfield.


FOR SALE. 130 Merino rams purchased from some of the best breeders of Addison county Vermont. Mostly registered stock, all pure bred and free from disease. Prices reasonable. Four miles east of Winfield. EZRA MEECH.


NEW FIRM. Miss Mansfield has taken into partnership Miss Smith, an accomplished milliner, and the purchaser of the Yankee Notion store. They keep no old stock. Their goods are all new and fresh.


Money to loan on good personal or chattel security.



NOTICE. Those who owe us MUST call and pay at once. this is no idle threat but means business. MATER & SON.






Hon. Thos. Ryan, assisted by Senator Plumb, secured a law last session providing for a final sale of the Osage trust and diminished reserve, which were in status quo for a long time. When brought into market, the department ordered the Wichita and other land offices to charge interest from one year after settlement. Some of the settlers had been on the lands since 1870, and the order was a great hardship. Ryan knew that it was not the intention of Congress to saddle such a burden on the settlers and he started immediately for Washington to see if he could get the order revoked. He wrote us last week that he did not propose to give the matter up until the department offered some relief. The dispatches of last Friday announce that in payment for the Osage trust and diminished reserve lands in Kansas under act of May 28th, 1880, settlers can only be charged interest on deferred payments and that no interest is properly charged nor any default of payment under previous laws. The first installment required to be paid consists of one-fourth the purchase price of the lands and does not include accrued interest.

We congratulate our Congressman on his success in impressing the department with his own views, and we assure him that the settlers will appreciate his prompt action. It is only one thing among a thousand that he has accomplished for the people of his district, and he has earned a unanimous endorsement without regard to party.




SEPTEMBER 23, 1880.

Dry and dusty is the cry.

Floral needs a street sprinkler.

Some improvements going on.

D. Read surely has a good well, judging by the number of teams that water there. Also, we see he has a pair of Fairbanks scales, which are capable of weighing anything from a cat up to a Garfield ox.

Considerable wheat is being marketed at Floral.

Corn is beginning to be gathered for feeding.

Mr. Jarvis' sale was a success.

Messrs. Wright and Yarbrough report their sheep in a thriving condition. Also, Mr. L. Dickens, be believe, has a pet lamb.

Mr. S. Cox thinks of clerking for D. Reed this winter.

New Salem items say that C. Dalgrain is clerking for Mr. King. He must work by telephone, as we have not missed him from our city.

Mary Maher and Lizzie Ferguson are very busy at their dress making.

Michael Maher has gone away to school. He will be very much missed in our school, as he is a very worthy young man.

Sammy Allen had better take a few bottles of strengthening cordial, as his knees will get weaker before the 2nd of November. He will have a heavier load than the doctor to carry.

Miss Frankie Miller, of New Salem, is visiting her cousin, Brilla Read, of Floral.

Mr. Stone and J. R. Cottingham sold a nice lot of hogs, for which they got a nice sum of money.

Messrs. Thirsk and Bair are busy making up their sorghum, which is giving good satisfaction.

C. B. Dalgern has the best garden in this city. He is sure of plenty "sass" this winter. REAL.




SEPTEMBER 23, 1880.

We fear that Charley Black sprouted too late as a senatorial candidate to keep out of the way of the early frosts.


The display made at the Bismarck fair last week of fruit, wheat, corn, and grain of all kinds, hogs, cattle, horses, sheep, machinery, and the products of our manufactories has never been equaled in the west, and was not exceeded at the exhibition of 1876, at Philadelphia. For fruit and grain Kansas leads the world, and at Bismarck the visitor had the opportunity of seeing the finest of Kansas products. In the display of manufactured products Leavenworth took the lead, for there were few, if any, articles in that line exhibited that did not come from here. Kansas is the finest State in the Union and Leavenworth is its metropolis and the manufacturing center of the west.

Leavenworth Times.




SEPTEMBER 23, 1880.

The Daily Telegram of the 16th states that last week Monday, James Fahey was convicted of selling intoxicating liquors on Sunday, and sentenced to pay a fine and costs, thereby acknowledging the justice of the conviction and sentence. It then quotes the following as a section of the city ordinance copied from the dram shop act in the laws of the State.


Any person who shall keep open any dram shop, whether licensed or unlicensed, or who shall sell or retail any vinous, fermented, distilled, or intoxicating liquors, on the first day of the week, commonly called Sunday, the Fourth of July, or any election day, shall upon conviction thereof, be fined in any sum not less that $25.00 nor more than $100.00, or be imprisoned not less than ten nor more than thirty days or both such fine and imprisonment. If such person is licensed as a dram shop keeper, he shall in addition, forfeit his license, and shall not be permitted to obtain a license within two years next after conviction.

The Telegram states that Fahey has clearly forfeited his license and is now retailing liquor without a license, and is liable to be fined for every glass of liquor he sells and to have his house closed up as a nuisance, and says:

It is clearly the duty of the City Attorney to at once proceed against Fahey for keeping a dram shop in violation of city ordinances, and to cause his house to be closed.

The inference is that the City Attorney is neglecting his duty.

We wish to call the attention of our readers to the fact that the City Attorney is the creature of the City Council, and his duties are simply to advise the city officers and attend to such legal business as the City Council shall call upon him to perform, that the City Marshal is the executive officer of the Mayor and City Council, and the proper person to execute the ordinance and orders of the City Council. It happens that the City Attorney is a Republican; the City Marshal, the Mayor, and all the City Council, but one, are Democrats. This accounts for the attempt to fasten on the City Attorney the onus of neglect of duty.

We have not examined the matter; but on behalf of the people of the City and county, we demand of the Mayor and Council that they examine into and attend to it promptly, and see that the laws and ordinances are strictly enforced.

While this was a city of the third class, those who presented honest petitions of a majority of the citizens both male and female and in all other respects complied with the law, were entitled by law to receive licenses to retail liquors, and we did not oppose them; but we are satisfied that even then some persons obtained licenses by fraudulent means which we condemn as vile outrages. But this was not sufficient, for it was a great deal of trouble to get up petitions that could by any pretense be made to answer the law; therefore, a plan was adopted to do away with petitions altogether by incorporating as a city of the second class.

This Democratic measure was effected contrary to the wishes of the best men in the city and of a majority of its citizens, sacrificing many other important interests, making a fearful muddle of the township debt, all to enable dealers to obtain licenses without legal petitions. Since this was effected with such fearful costs, we now demand that retailers be held to the strict letter of the law and be punished promptly for every violation, and we do not doubt that every Republican in the city is with us. The Republicans believe in an honest and strict enforcement of the law and the Republican City Attorney will do his whole duty in the premises.

It must be borne in mind, however, that in all such cases unless the Marshal catches the accused in the act, there must be a prosecuting witness who will make the complaint, and there must be witnesses to prove the violation of the law, and it is the duty of good citizens as well as the Marshal, Mayor, and Councilmen, to furnish the evidence.




SEPTEMBER 23, 1880.


The Supreme Court Reverses the Decision of

Judge Campbell.

Allison and ourself are discharged. Will try to give the full text of the decision next week.




SEPTEMBER 23, 1880.

We learn that there is some excitement in this county on account of the belief that Dave Payne has been tried at Fort Smith and acquitted on the ground that the law gives any citizens the right to settle and occupy under the preemption, homestead, and town site acts, any lands which belong to the government; and that under this belief many are making arrangements to invade and occupy that certain tract of 36,000 acres in the Territory immediately south of here, which has not been set apart to any particular tribe of Indians.

None of the above beliefs are true. Payne has not been tried, has not been acquitted. He was taken to Fort Smith and there gave his recognizance to appear for trial at the set (In November, we think.), and was released. When first found in the Territory, he was arrested, escorted to the line, and told to leave. The second time he was arrested, taken to Fort Smith, and held for trial, as just stated. The next time he will be held in jail for trial.

There is no law to the effect that every tract of land owned by the government is subject to settlement. No one believes that the law gives one a right to settle on the reservations at Leavenworth and other forts. The whole Indian Territory is a reservation for the purpose of establishing the various Indian tribes thereon. Most of it years ago was parceled out to Indian tribes. Within the last ten years five different tribes have been assigned to certain other tracts and what remains is held by law for the purpose of receiving other tribes that may be brought in.

These are the facts in the case and those who go there to settle or speculate will fool away their time and money and get into trouble. Only those who are sharp enough to get away with the money of their dupes will gain anything.




SEPTEMBER 23, 1880.

At a meeting of the order of Good Templars, held at Dexter, September 15, resolutions were passed in the memory of Brother Minard Taplin. He died September 4, 1880.




SEPTEMBER 23, 1880.

Joe Harter has a baby at his house.

The hay crop will be light this season.

H. M. Bronson is running a store at Torrance.

The Kansas City fair is in progress this week.

Baden is making a great display of new goods.

E. H. Rogers, of Cedarvale, was in our city Monday.

Capt. A. D. Lee is buying wheat and selling goods at Seeley.

The Baptist church again holds services at Manning's Hall.

Mrs. Doctor Knickerbocker, of Floral, was in town Tuesday.

Dr. Mendenhall was on the train with us returning from Bismarck.

We saw Capt. Bacon and Lieutenants O'Neil and Haight at Lawrence.

Miss Bonnie Anderson has gone to Leavenworth to spend the winter.

Miss Ella Freeland returned Tuesday from her visit to friends in Wichita.

Foster Tucker, of Burden, has gone to Lawrence to the State University.

The cornet band has resurrected and we hope it will be supported this time.

The four Misses Harden have returned to Lawrence to attend the University.

Mr. A. E. Millspaugh is recovering rapidly. He was able to sit up Tuesday.

The Wichita fair was pronounced a success. The military display was very fine.

Miss Mollie Davis and Miss Harden have gone to the University at Lawrence.

Miss Lillie Ford, who has been visiting friends near Mulvane, returned Saturday.

The Episcopal social at Frank Barclay's, on Monday evening, was a decided success.

Col. McMullen and wife, Mrs. Fuller, Mrs. Manning and others, have returned from Bismarck.

Lynn & Loose have moved into their new store building, the most magnificent one in the state.

The first ward school house is nearly ready for occupation. The second ward building has its roof on.

Mrs. H. P. Mansfield and her son, Ritchie, returned Tuesday from the long wanderings in the east.

Parks & Campbell, of Cambridge, have sold 1,700 sheep this season. Their wool clip was about 18,000 pounds.

A dead man named McDonald, was found in a wagon at Wellington last week. He had been on a big drunk.

We see from the Topeka papers that our Will R. Stivers is one of the Young Men's Republican Club orators in that city.

Yes, yes, confound you! We've heard from Maine. Telegram.

Don't swear, neighbor. Maine is all right.

John W. Tull, of Cambridge, has bought the farm formerly owned by W. Titsworth, a few miles north of Cambridge.

George Lee, of Grenola, has sold out his entire stock of goods, and now returns to Cowley to engage in stock raising.

The improvements and decorations of the Opera House are completed and we now have the gayest theater in the country.

Judge Coldwell has gone into the boot and shoe business at McPherson. The judge is one of the best informed men in the state.

George Thompson, of Omnia, has gone back to Manhattan to attend school. George is one of Cowley's promising young men.

J. W. Leach, the Democratic nominee for commissioner of the third district, had an encounter with a male swine last week and got whipped.

Ex Saint has sent us from Soccorro, New Mexico, a basket of grapes of that country. They are not large, but are the most delicious we have tasted.

The K. C., L. & S. railroad changed time last Sunday. No more Sunday trains. Mail train leaves at 5:40 in the morning and arrives at 9:58 in the evening.

Mr. E. W. Hovey, the purchaser of the Giles Bros. drug store, is a first class druggist, a clever gentleman, and will keep his store fully up to the standard.

David Miller, of Oxford, got bitten by a rattle snake last week, and it was so long before he could apply remedies that he was in danger, but he has recovered.

Most of our Chicago excursionists and visitors to the east have returned and are generally much improved in health and spirits, having had "a good time." Mrs. Sykes and children, Mrs. Millington and Jessie, Mr. Cairns and wife, Mrs. Beach, Mrs. Kretsinger, Mrs. Holloway, and Mr. Fitzgerald are some of the returning wanderers that we know of.


Wednesday, Sept. 14, was the Jewish Day of Atonement, and was commemorated by fasting and religious services by the Hebrew people all over the country. In Winfield Messrs M. Hahn & Co., I. Levy, and Eli Youngheim closed their stores and suspended all business operations during that day.


Billy Anderson, one of Winfield's "old timers," is located at Hunnewell. Billy is as fat, jolly, and whole-souled as ever, is in the employ of one of the leading firms, owns and operates a stage line, and has various other interests which occupy his leisure time. He will make us a visit before many days.


We were pleased last Monday with a call from Mr. M. C. McKimme, the postmaster of the new post office of New Canton, near the northwest corner of this county. He is a good looking, pleasant, and intelligent gentleman whom we would be happy to meet often.


The two railroads building west into Harper county have come to an agreement and have quit work in building the roads. The K. C., L. & S. had nearly reached Harper City, and the Santa Fe was within eight miles of Anthony.


Mrs. Henderson, wife of Rev. J. P. Henderson, died Sunday morning. Her disease was congestion of the lungs. She was loved and respected by a large circle of friends, and her death casts a gloom over the whole neighborhood.


It is said that J. Wade McDonald will be withdrawn from the race for Congress by the Democratic committee to carry out a plan for general fusion of the Democratic and Greenback parties.


We acknowledge a call by Alexander Whitehall, Esq., Master in Chancery, Watseka, Illinois. He is visiting his uncle, Capt. Stevens, and considering the propriety of casting his lot in this county.


Johnny Hoover, a farmer's 11 year old boy, near Leon, Butler county, was killed by an engine on a railroad bridge last week. Boys must keep away from the railroad, especially the bridges.


Winfield Courier, September 23, 1880.

A very fine and successful lawn party, for the benefit of the Ladies' Library Association, was held at the residence of Col. M. L. Robinson, last Thursday evening.


We were pleased to meet Major Gunn, the chief engineer of the K. C., L. & S. railroad, in this city last Sunday. He was in company with Mr. Hamilton, assistant engineer.


Hoffman, of Burden, and Reader, of Rock, blacksmiths, have followed Wilson and Mrs. McCabe in being arrested for making and passing counterfeit silver coin.


Will Root comes to the front again with a double quarter in relation to boots & shoes. His stock this fall is much larger than ever before.


Joe Harter is in the girl baby business.




Winfield Courier, September 23, 1880.

Last Tuesday Messrs. Lynn & Loose moved into the magnificent new store room on the corner of Main street and Eighth avenue. This is perhaps as fine a business house as can be found in the State. It is 140 feet deep, by 25 feet wide, two stories and a basement. Two thirds of the basement, all of the first story, and one-third of the second story will be occupied by the firm; the balance has been divided into offices and will be rented. John Allen will occupy the two front rooms. One hundred feet of the first floor will be used by the dry goods department. The grocery and butter and egg business will be carried on in the rear forty feet, fronting on Eighth avenue. An elevator connects this floor with the basement and upper story. The whole is lighted by forty gas jets, which make a brilliant illumination. The front is of the finest quality of French plate glass, two of the panes being six feet wide, fourteen feet high, and three-quarters of an inch thick. The glass for the front alone cost over $300. The shelving is elaborate, and although it has been put in as economically as possible, the firm is troubled about finding room for their immense stock. The energy and enterprise displayed by Messrs. Lynn & Loose in erecting this magnificent building will draw to them crowds of customers. It shows that they are here to stay and have an abiding faith in the future prosperity of our city and of Cowley county. They have too many interests at stake to deal otherwise than fairly, and the people know it. If the extra pains taken to make this building a model one, and the $10,000 spent in erecting it does not prove to be a capital investment, then we miss our guess.




SEPTEMBER 23, 1880.

James Fahey was arrested yesterday for retailing liquor in violation of law. His examination is set for today. The case will be better understood after reading the editorial on the matter in another column. The city authorities are trying to do their duty in the matter.




SEPTEMBER 23, 1880.

WINFIELD, KS., Sept. 20, 1880.

To Charles C. Black, Democratic Candidate for the State Senate;

DEAR SIR: Having sent your trusted agent and kinsman, W. M. Allison to assault my private character in your behalf, at the meeting at Rose Valley on last Saturday night, and preferring at all times, when convenient to conduct such matters with the principals rather than with their agents, I respectfully invite you to join me in a joint discussion of the political issues of the day, and such other issue as you may desire to introduce into the canvass whether political or personal. If you accept I would respectfully suggest that we arrange the canvass so as to speak at least once in each township, that the chairman and secretaries of the respective Central Committee arrange the details at once.




We regret that Mr. Black's reply to Mr. Hackney's invitation was handed to us at so late an hour that we could not give it space in this issue.

He accepts the challenge for ten meetings, and upon condition that Mr. Hackney will join him in a newspaper discussion. His reply will appear in the Telegram.




SEPTEMBER 23, 1880.

Died on the 19th inst., at her residence, one and one-half miles east of this city, of typho malerial fever, Mrs. Elizabeth Henderson, wife of the Rev. J. P. Henderson.




SEPTEMBER 30, 1880.

John P. St. John, Governor of Kansas in 1880, was born at Brookville, Indiana, in 1833. He went to California, mined, and studied law, came back to Illinois, went into the war, rose to be Colonel of the 143rd Illinois Volunteers. After the war he lived in Missouri, then removed to Johnson county, Kansas, in 1868, and practiced law. A Republican, he was elected to the State Senate in 1872, and became Governor in 1878.



SEPTEMBER 30, 1880.


"How like a hateful ape,

Detected grinning 'midst his pilfered hoard,

A cunning man appears, whose worst frauds

Are opened to the day!"

The friends of Mr. Charles C. Black are attempting to prostitute the cause of temperance in this community toward securing votes for their candidate in his race for the State Senate. To prove that this is the case, we have taken some pains to examine into his past record, and contrast it with his present professions.

Persons who resided here in 1872-3 will remember the groggery kept in the building now occupied by Wallis & Wallis, known as the "Triplett Saloon." That saloon was owned by Chas. C. Black; the rum sold over its counter came marked to Chas. C. Black, and Black hired and paid the employees in and about the saloon.

And now Mr. Black comes before the people, not as a reformed rum-seller, but as one whose skirts are free from the contamination of the vile traffic, and asks for the votes of those who are honestly and earnestly striving to drive the rum demon from our midst. Fie, for shame!

Without the courage in 1873 to come boldly out and face the wives and children whose husbands and fathers he was driving to ruin, he found in the person of Triplett a tool, who, for a paltry sum, would assume the fearful responsibility, while he stood behind the scenes and reaped the profits; and those profits are perhaps today represented by mortgages on the homes of hard-working farmers, who, if they were willing to debase their manhood and sacrifice their principles by entering the same business, could in a few months pay them off. He worked for whiskey then because there was money in it; he works for temperance today because there is office in it. He helped to spread intemperance then because it paid; he wishes to help corral it now because it is popular to do so. He wanted money then; he wants votes now. He used Triplett to accomplish his ends then, and paid him for it; he wishes to use the temperance element to accomplish his ends now, and pays them in promises. If his positions then and now are consistent, we have nothing more to say. If they are not, we ask in the name of common decency that he either come boldly out and tell the people that he has reformed, hunt up the widows and orphans he has helped to ruin, and do all in his power to repay them for the injury done, or forever hold his peace.




SEPTEMBER 30, 1880.

While attending the State Convention at Topeka, we met the Hon. W. P. Hackney, of Winfield, Cowley County, the Republican candidate for State Senator from the 25th district.

Cowley county alone constitutes the district, and while it had about 500 Republican majority, still owing to jealousies heretofore existing in the ranks of the party, the district enjoys the proud (?) distinction of being represented in the senate by a Democrat. We are glad to be able to say to the Republicans of the state that there will certainly be a gain of our Republican Senator at the next session of the legislature, for W. P. Hackney will as certainly be elected as that an election is held.

Mr. Hackney is a man far above the average in ability; is a fine lawyer, and is the law partner of Mr. McDonald, the Democratic candidate for Congress, in the Third Congressional District, and right here, it may be pertinent to say that Mr. Hackney will as surely be elected as Mr. McDonald will be defeated.

Mr. Hackney was raised upon a farm and at the early age of eighteen, entered the Union army as a private soldier. He served four years in company "H," seventh Illinois infantry.

At the battle of Fort Donelson he was promoted to the rank of sergeant; at the seige of Corinth to the rank of orderly sergeant; and at the battle of Ottawa Pass, Georgia, to the rank of captain; at the latter battle he was twice wounded.

Mr. Hackney has resided in Kansas ten years, coming to the state in 1870. At the election in November, 1871, he was elected as a member of the legislature (in the house) from Sumner county, and was re-elected in 1873. In 1875 he was elected to the house from Cowley county. Being a member of the legislature at the time of the impeachment of State Treasurer Hayes, he was honored by being selected by the members of the house to prosecute him.

We have briefly stated these facts showing that Mr. Hackney has the advantage of legislative experience, and that when he takes his seat in the senate next January as the legally-elected successor of the Hon. A. J. Pyburn, that experience, together with his other sterling qualities, is the guarantee that the people of his district have, that the change will in no manner mediate against their interests.

Mr. Hackney came to Kansas a poor man, but in the practice of his chosen profession has accumulated a competence; he is a stalwart, and in every way worthy, and well qualified to grace the position to which he aspires. Without presuming to dictate, only making a suggestion, we say that the Republicans of Cowley county will do themselves honor in the election of W. P. Hackney by an old time majority, and we believe they will do it.

STENE, in Leavenworth Times.



SEPTEMBER 30, 1880.

Mr. John Randall has taken cases on the COURIER.

Ed Cole received two handsome show cases this week.

Come and help organize a debating club Friday evening.

Miss Ella Grimes, of Arkansas City, spent Friday of last week in our city.

The fresco work on the Opera House is about finished and improves the looks of the Hall wonderfully.

Mr. C. Trump is making arrangements to start a tin shop in the building opposite the old bowling alley.

Mrs. Pickering and daughter, who have been visiting Prof. Story and family, returned to Cambridge Monday.

Senator E. G. Ross, Democratic candidate for governor, will address the unterrified next Saturday, October 2nd.

Mr. Tom Giles and family left Tuesday morning for their old home in Missouri. They leave with the well wishes of a host of friends.

Miss Kate Millington accompanied her father on his trip to Denver and the Rocky mountains. They will be absent about two weeks.

Jo. D. Porter, one of the typos of the COURIER, started for Omaha, Neb., Monday afternoon. Jo is a good boy and we are sorry to lose him.

The walls of the Brettun House are rising Heavenward quite rapidly. With this house finished, Winfield will be the boss hotel town of Southwestern Kansas.

Last Friday the court granted an appeal on the Fahey saloon cases. They will be tried at the December term of the district court. The saloon was opened Saturday.

Mr. Millington is absent in the mountains this week, and as this is the first time we have attempted to spread ourself over both sides of the COURIER, our readers will not wonder at its being "thin" in spots.

Johnson & Hill opened up Monday an elegant line of paintings, and embossed pictures. This stock is something entirely new to the trade here. They are continually adding new features to their stock.

Mr. John W. Dix and Miss Mollie E. Booth, of Rock, were married by Squire Larkin last Sunday. This was the last day of grace for John. He is just twenty-nine and in another year would have been an old maid.

Mrs. J. E. Saint and children arrived Wednesday morning from Las Vegas and Santa Fe, New Mexico, where they have spent the past two months. They are in excellent health and spirits, and seem to have enjoyed the visit immensely.


The remains of Mr. A. E. Millspaugh were laid to rest in the Vernon cemetery Monday afternoon. His Sabbath school class of young ladies attended the funeral in a body. The funeral was one of the largest ever held in the county.

Col. Temple is here and preparing the cast for the "Union Spy." The cast will be a duplicate of the old one with the exception of the "Spy", which part will be taken by Will Allison and "Nellie Morton", which will be splendidly filled by Mrs. Landers.

It has been suggested that the young ladies who have been practicing archery in Mr. Roland's front yard, have a target painted on the back of Lynn & Loose's store. This will give a target 35 feet in diameter, and they perhaps could hit it if not too long a shot, say 25 feet or so.


We received a very pleasant call from Lieutenant Shelby, of the 16th U. S. Infantry, Tuesday afternoon. He is a brother-in-law of J. W. Millspaugh, and is on a visit to the family. Lieutenant Shelby was stationed with his command in Alabama and Louisiana for ten years past, and relates from personal observation many interesting facts regarding Southern outrages and election frauds. He was well acquainted with Judge Chisholm, and while the Judge was a Democratic sheriff in the county in which he was afterwards murdered for joining the Republicans, assisted him in breaking up the Ku-Klux organizations infesting the county. This Lieutenant is a polished gentleman, and one whom it is a pleasure to meet.


Much indignation is expressed by many of our citizens over the refusal of Marshal Stevens, after an order had been issued by the Mayor and police judge to allow the case of Mr. Jas. Poor to come up for trial Saturday evening. Marshal Stevens may have had sufficient cause for his arrest, but he can certainly offer no excuse for refusing to bring him up for trial upon the order of the Mayor, and at the request of the Police Judge. Mr. Stevens, during his three years of office, has in the main done his duty fearlessly and conscientiously, and we regard this as an error in judgment rather than a desire to be unfair.


Our band has been reorganized under the leadership of Geo. Crippen. Now that we have a good band once more, let us put forth every effort to encourage it. If the boys are ready to leave their business and turn out to play for us at any time, we should be willing to pay them well for such services.


Does Mr. Black desire a newspaper controversy with Mr. Hackney so he may claim credit for the articles written by others? Better take the stump, Charley, so that there can be no question as to your honesty in the discussion.



SEPTEMBER 30, 1880.

WINFIELD, Sept. 28, 1880.

To Charles C. Black, Democratif candidate for the State Senate:

DEAR SIR: The Telegran of the 27th inst. is before me, with a letter to me from you published therein, and dated September 25th. (I have never received such letter.) In this open letter you say, referring to my refusal to enter into the discussions of political issues in the papers with you:

"If you still decline my proposition, I shall consider that your invitation was made with a purpose other than that of presenting our respective views on political affairs to the people," etc.

Now just what you "shall consider" about the matter is the smallest possible concern to me. I told you that I had not the time, and I now say that I am not inclined to bother myself by writing arguments on the political issues of the day for newspapers. I shall take my chances on my public utterances being "distorted, misconstrued, and forgotten."

You say that you want to write and publish your arguments in the papers "for the express purpose of avoiding the use of one argument in one portion of the county and another in a different locality." Verily, your candor equals the astonishing proposition herein enunciated. While I am willing to accept your candid confession that in your public speeches you will make "arguments in one portion of the county" that you dare not "utter in a different locality." still I never thought you would publish such a confession to the world. Believing, from what you have already published that a newspaper controversy would be most fatal to you and your candidacy, and not caring to have a new Democratic candidate thrust in my face at the last minute as a result of your folly, in justice to you I will adhere to my original proposition.

Very respectfully,





SEPTEMBER 30, 1880.

Died on Sunday, September 26th, at the residence of his father in Vernon township, Mr. A. E. Millspaugh.

This was not only a sad blow to his friends, but an irreparable loss to the community. He was a rising young man, bright, active, and possessed of abilities which in time would have brought him fame and fortune. We sincerely mourn the loss of such a man, especially at this time, when our State needs men of courage and moral stamina to battle for the right, and against the social vices which are dragging down the people. He leaves a wife and family, and a multitude of friends who mourn with them his early death.



SEPTEMBER 30, 1880.

Married by Simson Martin, at his residence in Maple township, September 19th, Mr. Charles H. Eagin and Miss Ella F. Akers.




SEPTEMBER 30, 1880.

All my land office business is in the hands of Gen. A. H. Green, Real Estate Agent, who will attend to it. I shall be at home in time to attend to business in the District Court.





SEPTEMBER 30, 1880.

We received several copies of the "Elk Mountain Bonanza," published at Gothe, Gunnison County, Colorado, last week for which we have to thank Mr. W. R. Scott, who is out in that country.




We are after the prairie chickens. Will pay the highest market price in cash. J. P. Baden.

No rents, and only one clerk to pay, enables me to sell as low as the lowest. Wallis & Wallis.

NATIVE LUMBER. In plenty, to be had at the saw mill of Chase & Young on Rock Creek, six miles Southwest of Cedarvale.

Wallis & Wallis want one-eighth of the butter, eggs, cabbage, onions, and potatoes raised in Cowley county, and will pay cash.

The only place in town where you can buy twelve yards of good heavy gingham, for one dollar, is at M. Hahn & Co's. Sign of the Bee-Hive.

FOR SALE: Four good farms near Winfield at reasonable fugures. We have also some choice town lots at low prices: call on McDermott & Johnson.

WANTED: A good Lawyer to attend to my business: one that does not dabble in politics. Call at my implement house. W. A. Lee, Agent for Moline Wagon.

MONEY TO LOAN: On improved farms for five years, at ten percent interest, payable annually. No commission or charges deducted. Full amount of note paid to borrower. Apply to CURNS & MANSER.



Just one year ago M. Hahn & Co. opened up the Bee Hive store in Manning's block, and through energy, fair dealing, and lower prices than any other store, have already established for themselves a larger trade than any house in Southern Kansas. It's a treat to see their crowded store and more goods coming in daily.

New Sorghum barrels at J. P. Baden's.

Fresh meats at Simmons & Ott's meat market.






Something About Their Live Men and Business Interests.



Burden is a year old, and for a yearling has made a wonderful growth. It is situated in one of the richest portions of the county, surrounded by high rolling prairie, on which are located some of the finest farms the sun ever shone on. The men who own these farms are the men who helped make Cowley what she is today, and they are possessed of the nerve, grit, and "goaheaditiveness" to build up any country. The town was named after Hon. R. F. Burden, chairman of the board of county commissioners, and a member of the town company. The other members are Ford & Leonard and Maj. Gunn, chief engineer of the K. C. L. & S. Road (which runs through the town), and are gentlemen of prominence and character. The businessmen of Burden are live and active. They have not located here simply to trade awhile and then move on, but are putting their surplus money into the town in the way of good, substantial buildings. Noticeable among these are the Cunningham buildings: two large two-story cut stone business houses, each 25 x 65 feet. They are an ornament to the place and show a faith in the future of the town. The different branches of trade are well represented here. The following are a few of its most enterprising businessmen.

S. S. Moore, Land and Loan Broker and conveyancer, is doing a rushing business making deeds and looking up titles for settlers who are fast congregating here. Mr. Moore is one of the pioneers of the county; he came here in an early day, endured all the hardships through which early settlers were obliged to pass, and takes a just pride in the advancement of the county.

Messrs. E. A. Henthorn & Bro. Real Estate and Loan Brokers, are gentlemen of the highest standard in the community, and are at present doing a very extensive business. They have farms, lots, and all kinds of property in their hands for sale: and right here let me say that a homeseeker who can't be suited in Silver Creek township needn't look any further. He can't be suited anywhere.

Ford & Leonard have three large two-story cut stone stores, thrown into one by a large iron arch, which gives them every facility for doing an extensive trade. They are in the general supply business and carry all classes of merchandise. No matter what you ask for, they have it. M. W. Tanner is general manager of this extensive establishment. Mr. Tanner is not only a gentleman, but a "linguist." I heard him talking "Injun" to a number of squaws, who were making purchases. They all gathered around him and only the color of his skin prevented them from claiming relationship with him. Ford & Leonard have a large store at Hunnewell, in Sumner county.

Messrs. Hooker & Phelps do an extensive drug business and have their store fitted up in magnificent style. It is second to none in the state. They are live men and have done much to build up the town.

Doctor J. H. Phelps keeps his office opposite the drug store. He is a graduate from the celebrated Rush Medical College, and has an excellent practice both here and in surrounding country.

J. Q. McQuaine, general house furnishing goods, controls the trade here and does a very lucrative business. He is accommodating, courteous, and obliging, and has gained the good will of all through his strict attention to business and honorable dealing. He is now reviewing a large stock of furniture from the east. Give him a call.

S. A. Brown & Co., have a lumber yard here and are doing a good business. They have been fortunate in securing G. W. Lewis, Esq., as general manager of the establishment. Mr. Lewis is not only popular with his patrons, but the citizens, in general, speak of him as a strict businessman and a gentleman in every respect.

Messrs. A. N. Young & Co. run a Livery, Feed & Sale stable. They keep the handsomest turnouts in this section of the country and it is acknowledged by all classes that this stock is the fastest on the road. They are accommodating gentlemen and I am under many obligations to them for the courtesies extended.

G. L. Beurdett runs a photograph gallery here. He will duplicate you on tin, warranted to wear well, in less than a minute and for less than a dollar. He's cheap. Go and see him.

W. R. Vanhoozer keeps a very neat tonsorial establishment. When Mr. Vanhoozer lays his soft hand on your facile organ, you become completely mesmerized.

W. W. Leffingwell keeps a general grocery, provision, and confectionery establishment. Mr. Leffingwell is fast becoming popular. He is a young man who has gained the good will of all through his attention to business, and his prices are so reasonable that he is always doing a rushing trade.

Edward Dee, restaurant and bakery, is doing a lucrative business through his social treatment to all. His prices are very reasonable. Both himself and his good lady superintend the restaurant department. The citizens in general speak in the highest terms of Mr. Dee's honest dealings.

Messrs. Chapman & Rose run a general supply store. They have a large, spacious room, keep everything called for here, and have an extensive trade both here and in the country. I am informed on good authority that through the able management of Messrs. W. H. Clay and M. Hemenway is attributed the success of this prosperous establishment.

Of course, Burden has its saloons--what Kansas town

hasn't?--and as saloons are generally classed with "business interests," I suppose I should mention them also. There are two of them here. They don't pay any license and therefore its all clear profit.

Albert Tuman keeps the "Bon-Ton" restaurant, near the depot. The table is always bountifully supplied with everything necessary to satisfy the most fastidious.

Mrs. C. Q. Jameson runs a millinery and dress making establishment. She is an artist in her line, obliging and pleasant.

A. J. Henthorn supplies the people with fresh beef and all kinds of salt meats, and keeps a general provision store. Mr. Henthorn is well and favorably known throughout the country and has gained the good will of all.

As the ladies in this vicinity are rather "dressy," it requires two millinery establishments to keep them supplied. Mrs. C. M. Combs runs the second one, and is very popular with the citizens of this place and surrounding country.

J. E. Bunce, general blacksmith, is an excellent mechanic and monopolizes the trade of the town.

I found the businessmen of Burden, as a class, to be liberal and whole-souled, and had the satisfaction of adding many of the best names to the COURIER's subscription list. If this town does not grow and prosper, it will not be the fault of its people. They have the best interests of the town at heart, and work together toward building it up.



This town is only six months old, and has sprung into existence like a mushroom. It is situated one-half mile west of Grouse creek and is almost encircled by this beautiful stream.

The scenery is both romantic and grand. Torrance is on an elevation overlooking the stream and valley, and at a distance on both sides of the stream are a range of bluffs which would meet the eye of a landscape painter very favorably. I think the citizens of Burden and Cambridge made a mistake by not combining and making this place the center of attraction. All kinds of fish are caught in the stream. The K. C., L. & S. R. R., with its usual liberality, intends to erect a depot here.

There is every facility here to make it one of the most populous towns. There is an extensive flag and limestone quarry within a distance of one-fourth of a mile. The Town Company, which owns 80 acres of ground where the town is built, is composed of gentlemen of wealth and prominence; and who extend a welcome to all settlers. Mr. Campbell, who is solicitor and notary public, is almost constantly employed making out deeds for settlers who are continually coming here. No person can appreciate this place without coming and judging for himself. The springs are as fine as any I have ever seen. The town has a steam saw mill, grist mill, good school facilities, doctors, drug stores, etc. The number of dwellings is about 25 all told.

D. Campbell, Esq., solicitor and notary public, is postmaster here. Mr. Campbell is in the real estate business and has several farms in the valley for sale. He is a gentleman in every respect, and the people in general place the most implicit confidence in his integrity. Every person coming here should call on Mr. Campbell respecting real estate and other


H. M. Branson runs the Torrance supply store (where the post office is located). He keeps a general assortment, comprising dry goods, boots, and shoes, groceries, furnishing goods, confectionery, tobacco, and every article contained in a general store. Mr. Branson is a gentleman well and favorably known throughout the county. The people of the town have implicit confidence in him.

Of course, the city has a hotel, the "Torrance House." James Lyons is the proprietor. This house has been lately erected by the proprietor for the acommodation of the traveling public. It contains ten rooms, large, spacious, well ventilated, and furnished in the best manner. The table is always provided with the delicacies of the season. Mr. Lyons is a gentleman who is well known, and one of the first to appreciate the advantages of the place. A livery, feed, and sale stable is run in connection with the house for the accommodation of commercial men and others.

Messrs. Bryant & Baker keep a general store, groceries, dry goods, boots and shoes, tobacco, confectionery, meats, etc. Their increasing business demands more room, and they are building a 40 feet addition to their store. These gentlemen have had considerable experience in the mercantile business, and are convinced of the advantages of this place as a business point. They are well provided with means to carry on an extensive trade, and from appearances they are taking advantage of the oppor-

tunity. Their motto is "quick sales and small profits."

G. W. Ballou, Esq., one of Cowley's oldest citizens and an enterprising man, is now erecting a handsome cut stone store and warehouse, 25 x 60, two stories with basement, which compares favorably with any building in Kansas, and is a credit to the town. Some of the most artistic styles of stone cutting have been executed on the keystone arch of this building by Michael Walker. David Walsh had the contract for the building. Mr. Ballou expects the building to be ready in six weeks from date, when he will open out with a general supply of merchandise suitable for the city trade and farmers in general. Mr. Ballou is very favorably known in the county, and formerly owned the town site. His word is as good as his bond with this community.

W. E. and J. C. Gates, contractors and builders of this place, are now building at Grenola, Elk County, a large stone school house, which is a credit to their architectural skill. They furnish estimates and specifications at short notice, and have become very popular in the surrounding country through their strict attention to business. They are always engaged in building, from the fact they complete the work to the satisfaction of those who employ them. Their motto is "Live and let live."

William Milton runs a general blacksmithing business and is an excellent mechanic. He does all kinds of wagon work and agricultural implement repairing on short notice. Work guaranteed and prices reasonable.




OCTOBER 7, 1880.

The world should know that Spring Creek township and Maple City, its metropolis, still moves on.

The farmers are busily engaged preparing the ground for seeding; while some are at work drilling in wheat.

The haying season is over, and the next step should be to prepare thoroughly for prairie fires.

Recently I took a trip from Otter township to Salt City, passing through Arkansas City, and took the pains to interview the people pretty thoroughly both ways; and I find them a "Solid South" for Story and Jennings. If the north part of the county does as well, these men will appreciate the position they occupy in the hearts of the people. Prof. Story, they say, is such a wonderful pacificator--using such wisdom and judgment in adjusting troubles of whatever kind in the school districts with which he has to do. And "Jennings," they remark, "is a Solon in law--gentlemanly and affable--just the man for the position he is soon to occupy."

I have just learned that the two horses stolen a week since from F. P. Myers, together with two others belonging to a half breed Indian, have been recovered. They were found a few miles southwest of this place in the Territory. One of the horses was 23 years old. Experts say thieves are changing their tactics; taking rather a poor quality of horses, which they consider renders their chances of escape more favorable. If report speaks true, the thieves in this case will not be likely to take any more horses from this community for some time.





OCTOBER 7, 1880.

Mr. Millington returned Monday.

Mr. W. B. Pixley is opening a new store in the Union block on North Main street.

Bert Crapster has returned from Caldwell. And will remain permanently with us.

It is said that 125,000 head of Texas cattle will be wintered in the territory south of Sumner county.

Our party of Oklahoma boomers started for the territory Tuesday. They will be back in about three days.

The Floral schools opened Monday. T. J. Floyd and Mrs. Knickerbocker are in charge of the two departments.

The Santa Fe lion is gobbling up all the little railroad lambs in this vicinity. They can't bleat without suffering for it.

Al Wilkinson has purchased Mr. Eidner's interest in the Grenola Argus and is now sole proprietor of that journal.

Messrs. John Randall and Charley Hodges left Tuesday for Manhattan to attend the Agricultural College at that place.

D. S. Rose and Miss Clement were married last week.

Messrs. James Kelly and Frank Finch left for Topeka Monday. They go as delegates to the Grand Lodge of Good Templars which meet there today.

Simmons & Ott are having a new front put in their meat shop. They are continually enlarging and improving and will soon have the neatest meat market in the city.

Mr. Hibbs, an old gentleman, and father of Mrs. Dr. Lear, was found dead near Cambrdige last week. He had had a paralytic stroke from the effect of which he is supposed to have died.

Mr. W. H. Barnes, florist of Independence, Kansas, is furnishing some of our citizens with splendid varieties of house plants. He has just imported from Holland several hundred choice bulbs of lillies, tulips, crocuses, etc.

Messrs. Williams & Jettinger are opening up their goods. They have purchased a splendid stock and will have the stone store filled from top to bottom. They will likely tell our readers when they get ready for business.

Our old friend, Aaron Hess, has deserted his bachelor friends. He was married last week to Miss Lizzie Howard; who will be remembered by Winfield society, having spent last summer here visiting W. M. Allison's family.

The Episcopal Church organized on Sunday last, a Sunday school, to meet at the hour of 10 a.m. L. H. Owen was elected assistant Superintendent, T. K. Woodruff, Secretary and

Treasurer. All children now going to any Sunday school will be cordially welcome.

Our band donate their services to the Winfield Rifles this week free of charge. This is a generous act and shows that the boys are desirous of promoting the best interests of the


Pryor & Kinne have been doing a lively business in real estate for several weeks past. Last week they succeeded in locating Mr. Wood, a brother of our Warren Wood, in Beaver township. We don't know Mr. Wood's politics; but if he is anything like Warren, Beaver is the place for him. They need a few more Republicans in that locality.

Rev. Avery, of the M. E. Church, colored, is in the city. He is making arrangements to organize a church here if sufficient funds can be raised to build a meeting house. Mr. Avery prints a letter in another column which speaks for itself. We can recommend him as an intelligent gentleman and one who is sincerely interested in the welfare of this people.

Young King, who has been living with father Kelly for several years past, was arrested Tuesday at Iola and is now in jail at that place. He left Tuesday morning for the East, taking with him $150 belonging to Father Kelly, or rather in his keeping, but belonging to the church. King is 19 years old, is of prepossessing appearance, and might have lived to be a useful man. As it looks now, he will likely have to serve a term in the state penitentiary.




OCTOBER 7, 1880.

From the reports now current, it seems pretty certain that the Santa Fe company is now, or soon will be, the owner of the K. C. L. & S. road. If this is the case, the Santa Fe road now has complete control of the transportation of Southern Kansas. With its main line running through the central part of the state from East to West, its many feeders reaching out from the main line on every hand, and now possessed of another and the only line from which opposition could come, they certainly are masters of the situation.




OCTOBER 7, 1880.

To the Benevolent Citizens of Winfield.

Kind Friends: The colored members of the M. E. Church, having organized as the second M. E. Church, are struggling to build them a church in which to train our youth in the paths of virtue, religion, and temperance, and thus build up in your midst a good and intelligent class of young men and women of whom any community might be proud. Most of us are but recently from the south, all of us are poor, we need and ask your sympathies, your prayers, and material aid in this effort. Donations of money or building material will be thankfully received, and faithfully applied. Remember God's poor, and in giving to them you lend to the Lord who will repay with interest. God will bless and prosper you. The following committee is authorized to solicit and receive subscriptions to the "building fund," viz: Mr. Allen Brown, Mrs. Julia Chiles, Mrs. Harriet Franklin, Mrs. Minerva Thomas, Misses Nannie Chiles, Lucy Warner, Irena Johnson. I was assigned to this mission by Bishop Foster, Bishop of Kansas Conference M. E. church.



Pastor 2nd M. E. Church, Winfield.

Oct. 5th, 1880.




OCTOBER 7, 1880.

Married at the residence of the bride's mother, Mrs. Dillingham, Sept. 29th, 1880, by Rev. Cairns, Mr. William H. Hudson and Miss Leonora P. Dillingham, both of Winfield.


Married at the residence of the bride's parents, by Simeon Martin, September 26, 1880, George W. Wilson and Alice A. McGuire.

Many friends and relatives of the bride and groom were present and partook of an excellent supper prepared for the occasion. September 27th the parents of the groom gave a dinner which was served in good style. The amusements of the day were many, among which croquet seemed to be the choice of those present. The best wishes for success and happiness are extended by all.





OCTOBER 7, 1880.

The Ball at the Opera house last Wednesday evening was a very pleasant affair. The youth and beauty of our city were out in force, and some of the costumes worn were "perfectly lovely."

During the evening quite a sensation was created by the unexpected arrival of Mr. Old-man-in-the-woods and lady from the Osage Agency, who took an active part in the festivities. Had we the space, we would describe some of the costumes. The most noticeable was that of the lady from the agency, who wore an elegant skirt trimmed a la flour sack with a basque ditto. She was the "belle of the evening."




OCTOBER 7, 1880.

The A. M. E. Church was organized in August, A. D. 1879 by Rev. A. A. Dailey and he has been in charge since that time. On Aug. 3rd, 1880, being yet wholly without a place of worship, Dailey with church members resolved to build a house or place of worship. L. W. Scott, W. W. Wier, and Walker are the building committee and authorized to collect the funds. The stone for the foundation are on the ground and the work has commenced.




OCTOBER 7, 1880.

The COURIER boys were treated yesterday morning to samples of cake of the choicest varieties, accompanied by a card bearing the following legend: "Compliments of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas S. Lowry. THOMAS S. LOWRY. CORA L. BRADISH.'

We congratulate the happy couple, and wish them all the joys which their young hearts now so fondly anticipate. Rev. N. L. Rigby performed the ceremony.




OCTOBER 7, 1880.

The annual meeting of the South Western Baptist Association will meet in the M. E. church, Winfield, Oct. 8, 1880, at 9 a.m. Opening sermon by Rev. C. W. Gregory. There will be three sessions a day, all open to the public, who are cordially invited to be present. A Sunday school convention will be organized on Thursday at 2 o'clock p.m., in connection with the association.



OCTOBER 7, 1880.

Albert Edwin Millspaugh was the son of J. W. and Harriet Millspaugh, and was born in Clearmont county, Ohio, April 7, 1840. His youth was mostly spent in Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. He pursued a complete course of study in the Academy and a partial course in the Wesleyan College in that town. He taught in Burlington, Iowa, for over four years, occupying the position of principal of one of the public schools. After being compelled to relinquish that position on account of ill health, he traveled two years. At the end of this time he completed his study of the law, which he had been privately pursuing for some years previous. About four years ago he entered upon the practice of his profession as a lawyer in Burlington, Iowa. A few months ago he removed to Winfield and began the practice of law. Before he was fairly settled in his new home he was taken suddenly ill, and after a few week's sickness, died at his father's residence in Vernon township. He was married to Miss Irene Shelby in August, 1868. He leaves a widow and four children, the oldest eleven years of age.

The outlines of the life so briefly sketched above give no true conception of what the man really was in his life and character. How he acted in the various relations of life into which he was brought, can only be known or appreciated by those who knew what he was in his everyday life. The testimony of those who knew him best, not only his own family, but his acquaintances and friends, could be summed up perhaps in this sentence: "He was faithful and honest in all the duties and obligations which rested on him as a man, and wherever his life touched on the lives of others, he was the bearer of light, gladness, and helpfulness to them."

When his father went to the war against the Rebellion, as the oldest son, the care of the family largely devolved upon him, and with a faithfulness not to be expected of one off his years, he discharged this trust. This circumstance developed in him an affectionate regard for his mother and an interest in all the other members of the family, which made him to them the model son and brother. His natural abilities were of a very high order, and his legal and literary attainments were solid and ample.


Soon after he came to Winfield, he took charge of a class of the larger girls in the Presbyterian Sunday school, and although he had charge of it only a few months and was hindered in this work by poor health, and the many cares incident to settling his family in their new home, he made his influence so felt in the school, and especially in his class, that when his death was announced, all seemed to realize that this event had robbed them of a near friend.

At his funeral his class attended in a body, and each member cast into his grave, as a tribute of affection, a bouquet of flowers.

A large delegation of the bar, of which he was a member, attended his funeral, as well as a great number of personal friends from Winfield and surrounding country.

J. E. P.

[The friends of Mr. Millspaugh have received from the Phoenix Lodge No. 142, A. O. U. W., of Burlington, Iowa, a letter and resolutions expressing the deepest sympathy with the friends of the deceased and the highest respect for his character and talent. ED.]






Something About Their Live Men And Business Interests.



This beautiful town is situated on a gentle slope on the west side of Cedar Creek, and east about one mile of Grouse Creek. It overlooks the fertile valley of Cedar Creek, and the scenery is grand and romantic. On the east of Cedar and west of Grouse is a range of gentle mounds, oval shaped, running for a distance of ten miles south. On both of these valleys, you will find some of the best land in the state of Kansas. It produces splendid crops of wheat, corn, or any other product. Cedar Creek is quite heavily timbered at this point, and its waters are supplied with fish of all kinds. The people here are intelligent and industrious and vie with each other in making this the paradise of eastern Cowley. They manifest a friendly feeling toward all new comers, and succeed in settling many in the vicinity. They have ample room for a large town and the advantages of the place can be seen at a glance. The town company are merchants of wealth and standing in the community and are liberal with all settlers who come to make a home among them. A. J. Pickering, Esq., who is land agent and notary public, is solicitor for the company, and is constantly at work making deeds, titles, etc. He is also postmaster of the town and druggist. Mr. Pickering is a gentleman who is widely known throughout the county and state. It is strongly represented that an enterprising merchant of this town has under consideration the erection of a large elevator for the accommodation of the farmers who ship their grain at this point. The town is already represented by all classes of trade, school facilities, church organizations, and other institutions to accommodate every person who wishes to settle in this prosperous town.

I will name a few of the solid and enterprising merchants who are now permanently located here and who have invested extensively.

B. H. Clover, Esq., has erected an extensive flouring mill, which will turn out 8,000 pounds of flour daily. His flour is from wheat grown on Grouse and Cedar valleys, which is of the finest quality. He ships flour to all the surrounding towns and settlements and can scarcely supply the demand. They have to run the mills at night in order to fill the various orders. Mr. Clover is an old pioneer in Kansas, and is well and favorably known throughout the state.

McD. Stapleton keeps a general supply store. There is no article necessary for the household or other use but what you can get it at this monster establishment. The dimensions of the store are 25 x 110 feet. From the number of wagons distributed about his store tells how much business he does. As he purchases his goods directly from the manufactories, he monopolizes the trade of the town and surrounding country.

Heinrion & Walton also run a general supply store. These gentlemen are very extensive dealers and are doing a splendid business, both here and in the surrounding country. They keep every necessary called for, pay cash for their goods, and sell low. In connection with their store (which is 25 x 90 feet), Mr. Walton keeps a lumber yard and distributes his lumber as he does his groceries: cheap for cash.

"The Cambridge House," J. P. Craft, proprietor, contains twelve large, spacious sleeping apartments, well ventilated, elegantly furnished throughout, large dining hall, which will seat thirty persons at a time. Every appointment about the hotel is first class and the table is always supplied with the best of edibles. Mr. Craft is untiring in his efforts to make guests comfortable. Both he and his good lady superintend in person to see that nothing is deficient. Mr. Craft, being an old hotel keeper, understands hotel keeping to a letter, and in connection with his house keeps a livery, feed, and sale stable in order to accommodate the commercial public. He furnishes the fastest turnouts in this section of the country.

Dr. J. H. Pleasants, a graduate of the St. Louis Medical College, has an extensive practice here. You can always know the doctor's house, as there is generally a carriage at his door waiting for him. From what I can learn in this vicinity, the doctor's medical attainments are second to none in this part of the country.

L. C. Patterson runs a general blacksmithing shop. Mr. Patterson is a mechanic who has had considerable experience in that line. He makes a specialty of agricultural implement work. His rates are very reasonable.

Mr. W. M. Gooch, blacksmith, does a large share of the work done here, and his customers are always satisfied. Give him a call. Horse shoeing is one of his specialties.

W. S. Chandler is a general mechanic. He is now doing a lucrative business and monopolizes the trade of the vicinity, is well known, and commands the respect of all through his untiring energy and industry. Mr. Chandler will soon have to extend his place of business to more spacious quarters.



This town is situated on Grouse Creek at the foot of a range of oval shaped mounds overlooking the valley. The scenery along the valley is romantic and picturesque. The soil of this valley is noted for its richness. The finest wheat and corn in the state is produced on Grouse and Cedar valleys. Dexter has natural facilities for becoming a good country town. Lots are selling rapidly and settlers from all points are coming in. The people are liberal, wide awake, and well informed, and treat all strangers with courtesy. They have an excellent school, second to none in the county, church organizations, and Masonic and Good Templar societies. Business of all kinds is well represented in this place, lawyers, merchants, mechanics, etc. Timber is plenty along the creeks. Plum creek on the east and Crab creek on the west empty into Grouse near this point. These streams also abound in fish. The water is excellent.

Windsor Drury keeps a general blacksmithing and wheelwright shop. Estimates of various kinds of work will be given and attended to with promptness. Mr. Drury, from what I can learn, is one of the leading mechanics of Dexter, is agreeable and accommodating, and the people speak of him in the highest terms.

John H. Hutchins does a general blacksmithing and wagon making business. He is one of the early settlers here, and is well known throughout the county as one of the best mechanics in his line. Every person you speak to knows Mr. Hutchins. He is also engaged in the leather business.

R. Hite is Dexter's big merchant. He runs a general supply store and keeps hats and caps, boots and shoes, drugs, furnishing goods, etc. Mr. Hite is also an extensive cattle and hog dealer, and is an old pioneer in this county. He enjoys an extensive trade, is most favorably known, and is a straightforward, steady businessman.

S. Biblen keeps a general supply and grocery house. Mr. Biblen is in the same building with Mr. Hite and is one of the leading men. His industry and upright dealing has made him hosts of friends. Mr. Biblen is one of the men who believe honesty is the best policy.

James England keeps the "boss" family grocery in town. Mr. England is one of the oldest settlers here, and commands the respect of the entire community by his square dealing and


P. G. Smith, Esq., Justice of the Peace, was one of the original founders of the town and formed the town company. He is retired from active business, owns real estate, and is comfortably fixed. Mr. Smith is not only learned as a magistrate, but is a gentleman of the first water and is very popular in this


A. J. Truesdell deals in hardware, cutlery, tin ware, and agricultural implements, the only house in this trade in town. He buys direct from the manufactories, pays cash, and sells for cash. Mr. Truesdell is a pleasant and obliging gentleman and is one of the live men of the town.

Messrs. Darst & Kitchen run a very good livery, feed, and sale stable here. They are doing a very lucrative business, are accommodating and obliging, and will furnish you a team at any hour on the most reasonable terms.

"Central House," O. P. Darst, proprietor, contains ten sleeping apartments, and large dining hall, furnished in the best manner. Every appointment about this house is first class. The table is sumptuously supplied with everything to satisfy the most fastidious taste. There is no house in the county that feeds its guests better than this one. The reputation of the house is second to none. Mr. Darst and his lady preside in person and every attention is paid to guests. If you pass near Dexter, do not fail to call at the Central House and get a first class meal.

McDorman and Walker, general supply store, comprising dry goods, ready made clothing, boots and shoes, groceries, and every article in the general supply business. These gentlemen do a very extensive business. They are also dealers in cattle and hogs. It is certainly astonishing the amount of business these young enterprising merchants are doing. They are popular and have the good will of the people.

J. V. Hines, real estate, loan, and insurance agent, is postmaster at this place. Any person coming to Dexter should call on Mr. Hines for information respecting real estate, farms, and town lots. Mr. Hines is an old settler in this place and commands the respect and confidence of the community. He is agreeable and pleasant in his intercourse with every person, and is the only one in this vicinity who can give reliable information respecting town lots and real estate.

Grouse Valley Flouring Mill. This immense establishment is operated by C. Waldschmidt & Bros., who manufacture a splendid grade of flour. This flour is made from wheat produced in Grouse valley, which proved by Fairbanks tester 65 pounds to the bushel. These gentlemen supply the various towns and settlements in Cowley county and also ship to the Indian Territory. The mill is a two-story stone building, 30 x 60 feet, with engine house 30 x 30 feet. The mill has all the modern machinery and turns out 7,000 pounds of flour and 10,000 pounds of corn meal daily. It is running night and day to fill the various orders, and keeps three teams constantly on the road to supply the local trade.

Dr. G. M. Hawkins, a graduate of the university of the city of New York, is located here. It is unnecessary to offer any eulogy on the doctor's skill as a physician and surgeon. He is an old settler here and has a very lucrative practice in town and country. The people here speak in the most complimentary terms of Dr. Hawkins as a gentleman of high attainments.




OCTOBER 14, 1880.

Wichita Beacon: Our old friend and fellow citizen, Mr. Cal Ferguson, is the leading livery man of Winfield. He has a large stable and stock of livery horses is first class. His establishment is headquarters for all the "boys" from Wichita. We don't know any cleverer gentleman than Mr. Ferguson, and we are glad to know that he is prospering. He is just as popular in Winfield as he is in Wichita.




OCTOBER 14, 1880.

[Gather Millington wrote this article/NOT SURE THOUGH!]

Last week, Thursday, Mr. Jacob T. Wright placed at our disposal a fine span of horses and a buggy with an invitation to visit his sheep ranch. We take all such offers because we were brought up among sheep in the Green Mountain state when the Spanish Merino first came into notice and made Vermont prosperous and wealthy. We believe in sheep and in Cowley county as especially fitted for fine grade sheep. We look forward to the time when the farmers of this county will be nabobs of wealth made in the stock and sheep business. Wheat is a good crop when it can be so easily converted into pork, beef, and wool.

Well, we took along our better half, who likes sheep, too, and made the visit. Mr. Wright lives on the right bank of Dutch creek, two and a half miles north northeast of Floral. His post office address is Floral, Cowley county, Kansas. He with his hands was keeping bachelor's hall, but they got us up a magnificent dinner and treated us with the greatest kindness and courtesy.

Mr. Wright is a gentleman of the old school, of wide intelligence and fine social qualities. He has about three thousand sheep, mostly Merino ewes of high grade. These he does not wish to sell, but might part with a few in small lots to customers for his rams. He has some Missouri ewes and a few Southdown rams, but the flower of his flock consists in about eighty high grade Merino rams. These are good looking, healthy, hardy animals, and among them we saw finer and better rams than some that used to sell in Vermont at from $150 to $500.

Their wool is thick, fine, good length, and sufficiently oily and gummy at the ends. The frames are good sized and well put up and the characteristic wrinkles are abundant. They are completely wooled from nose to hoof. They are from one to three years old and just the kind needed by our amateur sheep men to improve their flocks of native Missouri and Colorado sheep. The prices of these rams will run from $20 to $50, which is very moderate for so choice stock. His rams are mostly from the flocks of Sanford and others, of Whitewater, Wisconsin, an association organized for the purpose of breeding fine and superior sheep, and from Phelps, of Geneva Lake, Wisconsin, who breeds for valuable long staple high grade fleeces. These sheep yield the heaviest fleeces in Wisconsin, and it seems to be a fact that here they yield twenty-five percent heavier fleeces than in Wisconsin, if properly kept and fed. The ewes raised by this association that shear 8 to 9 lbs. In Wisconsin, give 11 to 12 pounds after one winter in this county with corn feed. Bucks which there yield 20 to 25 pounds, here yield 30 to 35.

Mr. Wright is a farmer and has had long experience in sheep culture. Go and see him in regard to the care of sheep. He is a valuable acquisition to the county and such as he are the factors which will lead our county to wealth.




OCTOBER 14, 1880.

And now comes Charles C. Black, candidate for Senator, and publishes in the Telegram an insinuation that Mr. Hackney, his opponent, received the face with a very noticeable scar, in a drunken brawl. That scar, Mr. Falsifier, is Mr. Hackney's certificate of loyalty and bravery. He received that honorable wound from the rebels while grandly fighting in the front rank of the Union Army at Altoona Pass. It is his badge of heroism, which he will carry to his grave. When those who were dallying in the lap of luxury in the magnificent homes of nabob grandfathers, while such as Hackney were enduring hardships, privations, and wounds, fighting bravely for the union with death staring them in the face. Attempting to tear from the brows of these their hard earned laurels and place thereon instead a brand of shame, we have no adequate words with which to express our indignation. When such means are used by a candidate to beat his opponent, we ought to expect that even his partisans would seal their condemnation by their votes.




OCTOBER 14, 1880.

Mr. Levi [Levy?] now illuminates his clothing store with gas.

The Mulvane House was burned to the ground last week.

A. W. Davis has rented the Occidental hotel in Wichita, and will open up there shortly.

Mr. Provine, of Champaign, Illinois, a friend of E. P. Kinne's, spent several days of last week in this city.

Theodore Miller, the boy who took Mr. Osgood's buggy last winter, was captured in Ohio and is now in jail here.

Young King, who attempted to rob Father Kelly last week, was bound over to the district court in the sum of $500.

City Clerk, Short, will keep his office open Saturday evening for the benefit of those who cannot register during the day.

C. Trump will open his tinshop in the building back of Harter Bros.' drug store instead of near the bowling alley, as we stated last week.

A man started the rumor Monday that Will Robinson was to be married in a few week. The man starts for Ossawatomie tomorrow morning.

The bones of a man were found in the woods near Mulvane Monday. A bottle of whiskey and a half a bottle of Laudanum were found near them.

Mr. Geo. Smith will in a few days open out a five and ten cent notion store in the room formerly occupied by the Yankee Notion store. This is a branch of business entirely new.

If you wish to find Jos. O'Hare and he isn't in his office, just follow along down the sidewalk, guide yourself to the figures "329" painted thereon, and you will come to a rooming house. He lives there.

Ira McCommon needed more help on his farm. He secured a young apprentice for twenty-one years for his board, clothes, and schooling. Ira is well pleased with his bargain and says the boy is the best one he ever had.

The reported purchase of the K. C. L. & S. road has been denied. We are glad of this. With competing lines we are sure to have reasonable rates. With both roads in the hands of one corporation, we might fare worse.

The Rev. Dr. Post, an old and valued friend of the Editor, called last Friday. He was in town attending the Baptist conclave of ministers and is in charge of the interests of his denominations in the towns West of this place.

The silliest lie that Black's Telegram has made up is the statement that Lemmon undermined James Kelly and got the post office away from him. Mr. Kelly first suggested and recommended the appointment of the present postmaster.

Pryor & Kinne have furnished their office with an immense fire and burglar proof safe, one of the largest in town. Fred Krap had the contract for putting it into the second story from the ground, and did the work without a Jar. Fred understands the business.

The friends of Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Brinning, the well known cabinet maker, are rejoiced to learn that on the morning of the 12th they found in their residence, seven miles East of the city, a beautiful little son, weight about the average. Father happy, mother and child doing well.

The Baptist Association held a session in the M. E. Church at this place last week. Over seventy ministers were present. Rev. Jas. Cairns was elected moderator and Jas. McDermott clerk and treasurer for the ensuing year. The session was a very successful one and much work was done.

Pryor & Kinne's office resembled a barbershop last Saturday. The rooms were filled with people waiting for their turn. The increase of their Real Estate and Loan business during the past few months has been immense, and they today occupy a leading position among the live business firms of southern Kansas.

After four years of faithful service, Treasurer Bryan turned the records of his office over to his successor on Tuesday morning. No county officer has enjoyed confidence and esteem of the people as has Mr. Bryan. He leaves the office with every cent of the half million of dollars which have passed through his hands accounted for, with the books in a splendid condition, and the business of the office in perfect shape. Mr. Harden has filed his bond, signed by most of the leading men of the county, and representing a quarter of a million dollars. It is the most complete security ever offered in this or any other county.

Mr. Geo. L. Eastman, lady, and two children called on us Monday. They have just arrived from Potsdam, St. Lawrence county, New York, and will make their residence in this city and make a pleasing addition to our society. Mr. Eastman has a fine flock of high grade sheep and selects this county as the best in which to make money in the sheep business and we honor the judgment which has located him here. His sheep have been wintered in this vicinity and his ewes, which averaged 7 pounds of wool in Wisconsin, gave an average of 12 pounds here. His nine rams averaged 27-1/2 pounds this year.




OCTOBER 14, 1880.

Winfield now has the finest Opera House in Southern Kansas. The cost of fresco work, gas, and new scenery has been upwards of a thousand dollars and will swallow up most of the proceeds of the Hall for a year to come. The scenery is elaborate and of the finest workmanship.

The main hall is lighted by two large chandaliers, of 12 lights each. Over the stage are two rows of gas jets, with reflectors for throwing lights down upon the stage. The dressing rooms under the stage are also lighted by gas, which with the foot lights, makes forty jets in lighting the Hall. Mr. Manning is entitled to much credit for giving us this elegant Opera house, and we hope the investment may prove a good one for him, as it undoubtedly is for the city.




OCTOBER 14, 1880.

Caldwell, Kansas, October 9. Frank Hunt, deputy city marshal of Caldwell, was shot and fatally wounded last night, about half past 10 o'clock, by some unknown party. Hunt was sitting in front of a window in the Red Light saloon, talking with some gentlemen, when the dastardly assassin put a large revolver through the open window and placing it close to Hunt's side, fired. The ball passed through his body and lodged in the opposite side. Hunt was at once taken to his home, where he lies in a critical condition, although his physicians have some hope of his recovery. No better or more harmless a person lived in Caldwell, and yet he was the terror of all evil doers, knowing not the word of fear, and the shooting is considered by all a most cowardly murder. Commonwealth.

Most of the early settlers of this county knew Frank Hunt as our first sheriff and the original hardware merchant on the premises now occupied by S. H. Myton in Winfield.




OCTOBER 14, 1880.

Died on Sunday, October 3rd, at his residence in Vernon township, J. S. Wooley, aged 66 years. Mr. Wooley was one of the earliest and most highly esteemed citizens of this county, having settled here in 1870. We feel that in his death we, in common with a wide circle of his acquaintances, have lost a valued friend. We were absent from the county at the time and did not learn the sad news until we returned.




OCTOBER 14, 1880.

The polling place for Walnut township has been fixed at the Chenault house, in the Northwest corner of the Thompson addition, opposite the old Wm. Maris residence.

J. C. ROBERTS, Trustee.



OCTOBER 14, 1880.

The social party of Col. J. C. McMullen's was the most enjoyable of the season. There were present about fifty guests all in fine spirits and in jovial mood. Col. and Mrs. McMullen and Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Kinne were present everywhere attending to the pleasure of the guests. The supper was magnificent to which the visitors did full justice; and at the noon of night, when they took their departure, all felt that nothing had been wanting to make their enjoyment complete.




OCTOBER 14, 1880.

Rev. John W. Hunt, of Davis County, Iowa, has been visiting in this county the past week. He is the father of Frank Hunt, Winfield's earliest hardware merchant, now in Caldwell, and of Mrs. J. H. Evans, of Vernon township. He is sixty-seven years old, but is hale, strong, and fine looking, though he has done much work in his calling. Long may he wave.




OCTOBER 14, 1880.

In writing up Burden last week, our solicitor forgot to mention the Enterprise, Burden's live newspaper, and decidedly one of the institutions of the town. D. O. McCray, is a practical printer, a ready writer, and is doing a good work for the town. He has recently made addition to his office and will enlarge and improve the paper as rapidly as the business of the town justifies it.




OCTOBER 14, 1880.

Maj. Baker has moved into his new building and now has one of the best apportioned hotels in the city. The building is 25 x 65, two stories and basement, and has been fitted up expressly for him. It contains twelve hands, one sleeping apartment upstairs, a large, airy dining room, and is conveniently arranged. The Major has the characteristics which make a good Landlord and will not fail to make his house popular with the traveling public.



OCTOBER 14, 1880.

Dr. B. R. O'Conner, of Mishawaka, Indiana, has been spending a few days in the city. The doctor is looking up a sheep ranch; and if he succeeds in finding one to suit him, he will remove with his family to Winfield in the spring and make this his future home. He is a gentleman of culture and will make a valuable addition to our society. We have room for more like him.




OCTOBER 14, 1880.

In Winfield they have wagons provided with tanks labeled "Water for sale." Poor Winfield. Dry weather did it for her.

Kingman Blade.

Winfield has 500 wells, each about twenty-five feet deep, and furnishing an abundant and constant supply of pure cold water. These tanks are used as street sprinklers and get their supplies of water from these wells. They are labeled all over with business advertisements of almost everything for sale except water. Winfield and vicinity are not worried by dry weather.




OCTOBER 14, 1880.

Mr. Sam'l Allison, from Munsey, Indiana, called Tuesday. He has bought a large farm near Dexter and is going into farming on a large scale, particularly into the sheep business. He has a correct estimate of the capabilities of this section for farming, fruit raising, and stock raising, and with his clear intelligence will be an acquisition to this county.



OCTOBER 14, 1880.

Allison was once fined one cent in the district court. Four years afterward he was fined two hundred dollars in the same court. If such a creature as Allison has risen from one cent to two hundred in four years, we think there is a chance for us yet, with ninety-nime times the start of him.



OCTOBER 14, 1880.

The second rendition of the Union Spy last week by the Winfield Rifles was much better than the first, although not a success financially. Mr. Allison covered himself all over with glory in the character of The Spy. Mrs. Lander filled the character of Nellie Moron to perfection. On the second and third nights Col. Temple recited a poem, "The Dying Soldier," which was pronounced by all to be the finest thing ever heard in Winfield. The Rifles have worked hard to build up their organization, and we are sorry to see so little interests manifested by our citizens in the matter. Such an organization would be of great benefit to the town.




OCTOBER 14, 1880.

Numbers of our citizens have been donating funds for the erection of a church building for the A. M. E. church. Rev. W. W. Wier is the minister in charge and has been handling the funds. Some time ago we heard a rumor derogatory to the character of Mr. Wier; and in justice to the colored people who are trusting him with their spiritual affairs, we spent some time in looking the matter up. We find that his name appears on the police records of Topeka, as having been implicated in a dry goods theft. We do not know the circumstances of the case, but think our colored friends should look into the matter before trusting Mr. Wier too far.




OCTOBER 21, 1880.





OCTOBER 21, 1880.

Born to Mr. and Mrs. Dickens, a girl, the 3rd inst.

The company, composed of Messrs. Read, Ferguson, Hart, and others, who went to Oklahoma some time ago, returned last Tuesday looking fat and greasy. They report a pleasant trip.

A little three-year old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Irwin Cottingham died of lung fever on the 4th and was buried the 5th instant.

Dr. Knickerbocker put up a new building in Floral this week.

Mr. Newt. Yarbrough and others have gone to Missouri after apples.

Our merchant, Mr. Read, has a new and handsome tea safe.

School at this place commenced Monday, with Mr. T. J. Floyd as principal and Mrs. Dr. Knickerbocker as primary teacher. I understand the attendance is good.

We have a new well at our schoolhouse.





OCTOBER 21, 1880.

The Telegram publishes again that old threadbare Illinois charge against Hackney with additions and variations. The following dispatches to Judge McDonald show what Hackney's former acquaintances in Illinois, who know all about that case, think of it and Mr. Hackney.

LINCOLN, ILL., June 17, 1880.

To J. Wade McDonald, Attorney at Law.

DEAR SIR: Information has reached this city that your partner, W. P. Hackney, is a candidate for the State Senate of Kansas, and that it is reported in Winfield that said Hackney absconded from the state of Illinois. We were well acquainted with Mr. W. P. Hackney at the time he left Illinois. He lived in this (Logan) county from youth. When about to leave, he in a public and notorious manner made it known that he was about to quit business, leave this state, and go west to reside permanently. He closed up his business and paid all his debts before leaving. His whereabouts since he left have at all times been known here. The people of Lincoln and this county generally have been gratified to learn of his success in Kansas, and will be pleased to know of his success in the future.


Mayor of City of Lincoln.


Sheriff of Logan county.


County Treasurer.


County Judge.


LINCOLN, IL., June 17, 1880.

J. Wade McDonald, Attorney at Law:

DEAR SIR: In the case of Smith vs. heirs of James Jackson, reported in the seventy-sixth Illinois reports, we were the attorneys for the complainants. Hackney was not personally served with process, he did not appear in the case, either as attorney or otherwise. We personally know that Hackney did not abscond the State of Illinois. Since he left his whereabouts has been known to us and the public generally.




OCTOBER 21, 1880.

PLEASANT VALLEY, Oct. 13, 1880.

ED. MONITOR: My attention has been called to an article in the Telegram, a paper edited, owned, and controlled by Chas. C. Black, the Democratic candidate for State Senator, charging that the scar on Mr. Hackney's face was received in a drunken row in Illinois, and not in the army. Chas. C. Black published a lie, and he knew it to be such when he did it. I am from the same county in Illinois (Logan), from which Mr. Hackney is. I served during the war with Mr. Hackney, in the same regiment, the 7th Illinois infantry. He was captain of Co. H. I was present and participated in the battle of Altoona Pass, in Georgia, October 5, 1864, and was wounded in that battle. Mr. Hackney was shot in that fight through the face and also through the body. His brother was wounded in three places during the same fight, and a brother-in-law was killed.

When a contemptible puppy like Chas. C. Black attempts to belittle W. P. Hackney and make sport of his scars, it is time that all soldiers, both Democratic and Republican, set down on him. It is to Hackney and such men as he that the country is indebted today for its existence; and the cowardly sneak who assaults him is a fit companion for rebels and their allies.

Yours truly,



We are informed that Wm. Skees, of Windsor township, G. W. Edgar, of Maple, Sampson Johnson, of Pleasant Valley, Andy Dawson and J. M. Harcourt, of Rock, and Marsh Allen were with Mr. Hackney at that battle and tell the same story.




OCTOBER 21, 1880.

The farmers are about done seeding.

Mr. Irving Cottingham is quite sick.

Our merchant, Mr. Read, has a boil on his wrist that is quite painful.

Mr. Williams is building a new residence.




OCTOBER 21, 1880.

The contract for the building of the new school house at this place was given to Mr. Welch, of Grouse Creek. Work will begin a short time.

There are one hundred and twenty five ricks of hay within two and a half miles of Grandview, which speak admirably for the grass crop in Cedar Valley.

Many of the farmers are drilling for water in the valley; the weather is getting too dry to have it.

A small boy of David Hotchkiss' accidentally cut his knee with a corn knife some time ago, which is proving a very bad wound. Boys should handle corn knives with care.

Several new buildings are in course of erection in the valley. Mr. German is building a very nice two-story, stone house, which will reflect credit upon its surroundings. Jno. F. Barnard is also building a very tasty stone house. We think Jno. means biz, and intends to retire from the life of a bachelor.

Mr. Haight, county surveyor, has been surveying in the valley the past week. He handles his instrument with precision; and his lines established are accurate and reliable.

Oct. 15, 1880. M. QUAD.




OCTOBER 21, 1880.

J. Wade McDonald is home for a short rest.

Seventy five thousand sheep have been claimed for Cowley County.

Devore Palmer is building a fine brick residence up east on 9th avenue.

The dwelling of James Axley, of Salt City, was destroyed by fire last week, Tuesday.


Notice Friends ad in this issue. He's got the largest stock of millinery in southern Kansas.



Dealer in Millinery & Milliner's Dry Goods.

Notions, Sewing Machines, etc.


Miss Clara Brass remains in charge of the Trimming



The Brettun is the name of a new brand of cigars at Goldsmith's. They are named after our new Hotel.

A premature discharge of a cannon at Wichita last week cost Corporal Eli Henthorn his thumb and two fingers.

Henry Goldsmith is building up a splendid book trade. He carries the best line of books in southern Kansas.

Mr. John Crame has the handsomest chimney in town on his house. He built it himself, and it is a credit to his skill as a workman.

M. L. Martin left at our office a three pound potato.

Mr. William Allen, of Vernon, has brought us a rounded up peck of potatoes, just eleven of them, fair and excellent, weighing in the aggregate 15 pounds.

Sheriff Shenneman has brought back Theodore Miller, the man who stole a buggy and harness, and put him in the cooler. He overtook his man at Toledo, Ohio.

Terrill & Ferguson have secured the services of Mr. John Stewart as his agent. John is a popular young man and keeps the buss business above the standard.

C. A. Bliss has returned from his summer cruise looking well, having seem most of the wonders of the East. He left Mrs. Bliss in Chicago, her general health must improved.

Mr. Joseph O'Hare denies having written 329 about town on windows, doorsteps, etc. He says that he does not approve any such thing and it is unjust and injurious to accuse him of it.


Messrs. William & Jettinger, the new firm which recently opened for business in the old Lynn & Loose stand, say their opening say in this issue. Their store is full of nice, clean new goods. Give them a call.



Are receiving and have on hand a large stock of

Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps and Groceries.

They must be sold. Give us a trial.




BRADT & SNOOK, Champion Furniture House, South Main Street,

Winfield, Kansas.


Mrs. Amelia Rapp, formerly a resident of Winfield, and who married a Mr. Shonafelt, was divorced from him recently. It is reported that she will continue her painting during the coming winter at Dallas, Texas.

Z. B. Meyers had a 10 pound Republican boy.

The coroners jury on the case of Frank Hunt, murdered at Caldwell, found that he was feloniously shot and killed by one David Spear, and that one Loomis was accessory before the fact. Both Spear and Loomis have been apprehended and are in custody. It was a deliberate and atrocious assassination.

Our friend, J. S. Stafford, called on us Monday, looking happy and healthy. He has 4,000 lambs at Kingman, and will sell half of them. They are just from Colorado, but they are graded improved stock, just the kind wanted in Kansas. He expresses the opinion that 200,000 sheep have been driven from Colorado to Kansas within the last ninety days. He has just sold 500 to W. J. Hodges.



OCTOBER 21, 1880.

Lillie May Clegg died August 14, 1880, near Winfield, of inflammation. Lillie May Clegg, only daughter of John and Katie Clegg, aged 1 year and 7 months.




OCTOBER 21, 1880.

The part of Pleasant Valley township belonging to the 88th Representative District, and which formerly belonged to Old Winfield township, will vote at A. A. Beckers house.




OCTOBER 21, 1880.

About 40,000 head of cattle have been shipped over the

K. C. L. & S. railroad this season.




OCTOBER 28, 1880.

EDS. COURIER: My attention was directed soon after locating in Winfield to an ever increasing source of disease within the city limits, especially that part of the city east of Main Street.

I have many times called the attention of individuals to the subject, but being a newcomer (in common parlance), modesty constrained me to defer publicly discussing the subject, hoping that someone more competent and longer identified with the interests of the city would assume the duty, and discuss the subject with the fervency its importance demands.

I take it that in a well regulated city or commonwealth, where the different elements of society sustain a legitimate relation to each other and the proper balance of mutual influences is maintained, the medical man is, or ought to be in some sense the conservator of the public health. His whole duty to society is certainly not performed in his laudable efforts to restore the sick to health, if he can preserve the health after it is restored and prevent the spread of disease.

It is natural enough for society to defer to the superior knowledge of medical men in the science of hygiene and sanitary laws and await their notice and advice, if there be an obscure or concealed enemy preying upon the health of the community. So in the absence of a board of health (which should always have an existence in every city), I will take the liberty of calling the attention of our people to the evil alluded to above.

I believe it is a fact well established by our well-diggers that water is not supplied to our wells by small veins or streams that may have sources running in different directions and at different depths, but at a certain distance from the surface a bed of sand and gravel is reached, below this a solid sheet of rock. This bed of sand and gravel constitutes the reservoir from which our wells are supplied with water; and this reservoir is largely, if not entirely repleted from surface drainage. Debris and impurities of divers kinds accumulate in the streets, alleys, upon the commons, about stables, barn-yards, and especially in privies. Through months these impurities accumulate, and with each rain they sink into the common reservoir. We cannot expect the water to be purified by passing through the ground to the reservoir, for a filter that has done duty so long has itself become contaminated, and would infect pure water were it pumped through it. These impurities are the home of festering poisons, noxious gases, cryptogamic vegetations, and swarms of infusoria, all capable of entering the system and poisoning the blood and generating disease, the result of which is death in many instances. Notably low forms of fever and epidemics riot in such toxic elements.

A report made by the board of health in an eastern town recently contained many points of interest touching this subject. Wells of water, in many instances those least suspected, were found to be seriously contaminated. One specification will answer our purpose as an illustration.

The water from a well was examined; the well and its surroundings were unexceptionally neat and clean, yet the water was found to contain excrementitious matter, which had found its way into the well from a privy situated one hundred and fifty feet away, the vault being six feet deep.

Those who have given this subject but little thought may be surprised to learn with what facility noxious elements find their way into wells, and probably not less surpised to learn the sad results to families who have been necessitated to use the water such wells afford.

These unhappy conditions are not peculiar to Winfield. They obtain in most of the cities and towns in the state. With few exceptions they are located in valleys, mostly along the streams, and are subject to some of the conditions that have been described as existing in this locality.

It is not my purpose to discuss this subject further than is necessary to invite our people to an appreciation of the necessity of sanitary precaution in constructing their residences. It will appear to everyone who will take the pains to investigate this matter, that it is not an imaginary evil, but is a fact, and one the proportions of which increase with the increase of population.

The remedy is obvious and complete. Do away with wells excepting for the purpose of watering stock and protecting against fire. Build cisterns with good filters instead of digging wells. It will cost but little if any more than our present system, and pure cistern water is infinitely preferable from every standpoint to water freighted so heavily with calcareous matter as the water of this place is, were it free from pernicious elements.

The city authorities would do a thing that would commend their wisdom and philanthropy to the intelligence and gratitude of the people would they have a large cistern constructed at each school building, that the children and people in the vicinity who are not owners of property might have the benefit of pure drinking water. Others for like purposes might be built at the courthouse, one or more of the churches, and at least two on Main street. Lynn's new building and Spotswood's store, would be available places for two large public reservoirs of pure drinking water, from which the stores, shops, offices, restaurants, and boarding houses might be supplied.

W. T. W.




























OCTOBER 28, 1880.

Ex Saint will be home from New Mexico in time to vote.

Miss Etta Robinson is visiting friends in New Salem this week.

Mr. and Mrs. D. S. Rose returned from their wedding tour this week.

Mr. Charley Pence, brother of orator Pence, is here; and he intends to remain.

Miss May Roland, of Arkansas City, spent several days of last week in Winfield. She came up to attend the ball given for the benefit of the band.

Mrs. L. L. Millington, who has spent the past year at the medical institute in Toronto, Canada, has returned to her home in Winfield, much improved in health.

Mrs. N. L. Rigby has returned from her summer vacation.

Quincy A. Glass has added a splendid line of school books to his stock.

Mr. John Witherspoon has sold his interest in the machine shops to Dan Mater, and has rented the American House. He will soon have the house in first class running order.

The drama of Ten nights in a bar room will be given at the Opera House on Friday evening of this week, with Allison as Tom Morgan. The proceeds will be given to the Library.

The Young Men's Social Club will give a ball at the Opera House, Friday evening, Nov. 5. Their parties were the social features last winter, and we are glad to see the interest in the club surviving.

The professional card of Dr. Green appears in this issue. The Doctor is a brother-in-law of Mr. Blair, city editor of the Telegram, and comes well recommended. He is a graduate of one of the best medical schools in the country.


Mr. Justin B. Porter left Sunday for Omaha, Nebraska. A young man, he was very popular here. We will miss him.

We understand that the Central Hotel, of Arkansas City, is giving entire satisfaction under the new management. W. T. Roland of this place, having taken charge of it some two weeks ago, he and his estimable family are capable of making his new enterprise a decided success.

Last Sunday an appeal was made by M. E. church for means to raise the indewbtedness on their church building. Over three thousand dollars was subscribed, beside the cash contributions. This will place the church entirely out of debt, and of course the Methodist people are happy.

J. A. McGuire, of Tisdale, has returned from his long visit to Indiana.

The Arkansas Valley Base Ball Club are disgusted with Sumner county. They went over to Belle Plaine last Saturday to play a match game with the club at that place, and after beating them, 24 to 20, had to go off and brush around for their supper as best they could. The understanding was that they were to have their expenses paid by the Belle Plaine club. The boys naturally feel as if they had been shabbily treated.

The ladies of the Library Association held a social Tuesday evening at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Pryor, which was a very pleasant affair and a success. The ladies are doing a good work in supporting this library with none too much assistance and encouragement, but they persevere and are bound to succeed. They have an invoice of new books and expect to have their rooms open again regularly after the election is over.

We were highly entertained last Tuesday for an hour by Col. Miles, agent for the Osages and Kaws. He is a highly cultured, warm hearted, and intelligent gentleman, one who understands the situation perfectly, knows his duty, and will do it. It pains him to be obliged to send home the poor man empty, who, living within the borders of Kansas, having worked hard all the season, his crops failing, suffering for want of wood, and with no means to buy it, goes down into the Territory and cuts a load of wood. He thinks the Territory being adapted to stock raising than anything else and that it would be best for Kansas if stock men only were to settle therein. He has no sympathy with the raids of the Oklahoma boomers who are trying to speculate in town lots at the expense of the ignorant.