[Starting Thursday, March 13, 1879.]




To the Honorable the Board of County Commissioners of the county of Cowley and State of Kansas.

Inasmuch as the Southern Kansas and Western Railroad Company proposes to construct a line of railroad into and through the county of Cowley, in the State of Kansas, the undersigned, being more than two-fifths of the resident taxpayers of said county, respectfully petition your Honorable Board to call a special election in said county at as early a day as is practicable, and legal, and at such special election to submit to the qualified electors of said county, a proposition to subscribe 68 thousand (68,000) dollars to the capital stock of said Southern Kansas and Western Railroad Company, a corporation duly organized and existing under and by virtue of the laws of the State of Kansas, and to issue the bonds of said county in the like amount of sixty-eight thousand (68,000) dollars, in payment of said subscription, said bonds to be delivered to said railroad company for like amounts of the capital stock thereof as follows: Fifty-one thousand (51,000) dollars when said railroad is in operation to the point herein after named, near the city of Winfield, in said county, and the remaining seventeen thousand (17,000) dollars when the said railroad is in operation to the western line of said county.

We further respectfully petition, that in payment of said subscription the county of Cowley shall issue one hundred and thirty-six bonds of five hundred (500) dollars each, payable to said Southern Kansas and Western Railroad Company, or bearer, thirty years after date, but which may be paid by the county at any time after ten years, and bearing interest at the rate of seven percent per annum, with interest coupons attached, payable on the first days of January and July in each year; and that the conditions on which said subscriptions shall be made and said bonds issued shall be as follows: That said railroad company shall construct a standard gauge railroad from some point on the east line of said county to the point hereinafter designated near the city of Winfield, and thence to the western line of said county in the general direction of Wellington, in Sumner county, and shall establish at least two depots and side tracks on said line between said eastern line of said county to the point hereinafter designated near the city of Winfield, and shall establish and maintain a depot and side tracks within three-fourths of one mile of the crossing of Main street and 9th avenue in said city of Winfield, and east of the Walnut and south of Timber creek; and shall construct said line of railroad to the above point near Winfield with continuous rail communication from Independence, in Montgomery county, Kansas, by or before the first day of March, 1880, and to the western line of the county by or before the first day of May, 1880.

And said bonds shall not be issued to said railroad company unless it shall have its line in operation to the points above indicated within the time above limited.

And it is to be a further condition of the subscription and issue of bonds hereby contemplated, that said railroad company shall have its line in operation to Elk City, in Montgomery county, Kansas, by or before August first, 1879; to or near Longton, Nov. 1st, 1879; to or near Elk Falls, Dec. 1st, 1879; to the west line of Elk county by or before Jan. 1st, 1880.

We further respectfully petition that said special election may be called in said county in pursuance of the provisions of chapter 107 of the laws of Kansas for 1876, and the several acts amendatory thereof.

That the ballots to be used at said election in favor of said proposition shall have printed or written thereon the words, "For subscription of stock to the Southern Kansas and Western Railroad Company." And those against the proposition shall have printed or written thereon the words, "Against subscription of stock to the Southern Kansas and Western Railroad Company." And no vote shall be counted against said proposition that does not contain the above words.

We further respectfully petition your Honorable Board to require said railroad company to give security or make a deposit in money that it will pay the expenses of said special election in case the bonds should be voted and said company should fail to comply with the conditions of the same.



MARCH 13, 1879.

We always thought that we were offering too much apiece for railroads. We have held that $100,000 apiece was enough to offer them. In 1877 Cowley county offered $120,000 apiece for two railroads and did not get either of them. No company that was able would build a road for that. The Greenbackers told us it was because of the resumption act, and we thought it was because of the greenback agitation: Finally in the fall of 1878 an able company offered to build for $180,000. We thought it too much and would not support the proposition, though no responsible company offered to build for less. We insisted that $100,000 was enough and that $120,000 was the very outside figure which we ought to give, but the pressure was all the other way, and as it seemed to be a question of railroad or no railroad, we finally consented to support the proposition on condition that the amount should not exceed $144,000.

Such a proposition was submitted and we supported it, at least as effectively as anyone else, and the proposition was carried. Since then resumption has actually taken place, confidence is restored, as we said it would be, there is no longer any danger that the howlings of played out politicians will cause infamous legislation on the currency question and millions upon millions of dollars, hitherto hoarded for safety, are now seeking investment. Every railroad route that offers fair remuneration is being carefully explored and the capital is ready for the work and competing against other capital. Two heavy and responsible companies are seeking routes from the east through our county and one of them will build for $68,000. This, we of course consider cheap, but it only confirms our former position that $100,000 to $120,000 was the very extent we should ever have offered for a road through the county.



MARCH 13, 1879.

A late act of Congress has appropriated $5,000 for the relief of Mrs. O. F. Short, widow of the U. S. deputy surveyor Short, who surveyed the lands in Cowley and Sumner counties, and was afterwards killed by the Indians while surveying in Harper county. She is now living at Lawrence in this state.



MARCH 13, 1879.

As our city is about to assume the dignity of second class, the following will be of interest to our citizens.

Cities of the second class have special laws for their regulation in school matters. The board of education consists of two members from each ward, who hold office for two years, one being elected annually. No member of the board of education shall be a member of the council, and no councilman shall be a member of the board of education.

For the want of room for schools, children between the ages of five and seven may be excluded from the schools. Territory adjacent to cities of the second class may become attached thereto for school purposes only, application being made to the board of education, and the territory, if attached, is entitled to elect two members of the board of education when equaling any one ward in population or taxable property.

The annual election comes on the first Tuesday of April. The bord must organize at its regular meeting in May, and meets on the first Monday of each month. It electts its own officers, excepting the treasurer makes its own rules and regulations, and has sole control of the schools and school property of the city.

A superintendent of schools shall be appointed by the board, shall constitute the committee to examine all applicants for teacher's positions. In other particulars, cities of the second class are subject to laws similar to the general school laws of the State.



MARCH 13, 1879.

The legislature has authorized the publication of a manual of parliamentary rules for the use and government of the two houses of the legislature and members at the expense of the State. The compilation is to be done by Wirt Walton. It generally takes new members about the whole of one session to "learn the ropes" sufficiently to be able to do the country any good. This work is intended to help them to become useful much sooner. Wirt has become thoroughly well posted and our Solons could have done much worse than putting this work into his hands.



MARCH 13, 1879.

PRAIRIE GROVE, March 7, 1879.

MR. EDITOR:CSome fever in these parts, such as railroad, gold, and spring fevers. Some danger of buck ague since shotguns have been so freely used of late in the county. Literary at Prairie Grove will soon close with an exhibition. Give us an east and west road; bonds will carry up this way. Miss Fannie Pontious goes back to Richland to teach the summer school, which is an evidence of her ability to give satisfaction as a teacher.

In reply to U. R. A. Brick & Co., permit me to say if they would use the word Prairie Grove, the proper name of Dist. No. 108, given to it when organized, it would be some credit to them for if it was a buzzard's festival, U. R. A. Brick & Co. were the buzzards. They state they were attacked by the buzzards before they were done eating. Buzzards will congregate around




MARCH 13, 1879.

ED. COURIER:CAnd it came to pass in these days of shotgun persuasion, that all persons in this vicinity who are not possessed of a bad cold or an attack of lung fever, are out of the fashion, and Ike Ruth, who ostensibly started on a visit to Pennsylvania three weeks ago, returned last week guilty of committing matrimony in the first degreeCno shotgun used.

Mr. Samuel Watt has a dwelling in process of erection on his eighty acre farm. Sickness prevented Mrs. Ed. Chapin from discharging her duties as governess in Dist. No. 115 last week. Miss Grimes' school in No. 4 in one more week will be enumerated as one of the things that were.

Messrs L. Holcomb and Samuel Waugh last week exchanged places of abode. Dr. A. W. Holland has returned home from his medical course at Louisville, Ky., and assumes the editorship of the literary publication of Thomasville Lyceum. Charles Holcomb is sojourning in the State of Arkansas.

Yes, let us have another railroad election by all means, or some other excitement that will disturb this shotgun monotony.



MARCH 13, 1879.

Topeka has a distillery.

Galena has the measels.

The fall wheat needs rain.

The peach buds are killed.

Silver Lake has a coal mine.

Lecompton has a brass band.

Sedan expects to get railroad.

Winfield has a $20,000 opera house.

Applies are $3 per bushel in Hays City.

Salina expects to be a railroad center.

Arkansas City is preparing to ship grain down the river to Little Rock.

The population of Kansas is increasing at the rate of 100,000 a year. The receipts into the State treasury for the last fiscal year were $1,584,891, including a balance on hand of $378,215, and the expenditures were $1,278,910, leaving a balance in the treasury of $311,980. The bonded debt is only $1,181,975.



MARCH 13, 1879.

McGuire & Crippen had a fine awning put up last week.

Mrs. Whitehead is having a glass front put in her building.

Will Mowry was up from the "head of navigation" Tuesday.

Councilman Gully has erected a fine dwelling on south Main street.

A. H. Green has put a handsome gold leaf sign in front of his office.

Tom Barton proposes to have his street sprinklers in operation by the first of April. He intends to run two this season.

Lem. Cook, one of the "old residenters" of Cowley County, passed through Winfield on Monday for Topeka, which will be his future home.

In the United States the cost for public schools is $2.02 for each inhabitant. The army taxes us $1.39 per head, while whiskey is only $20 a head.

Mr. C. M. Wood returned from Kansas City on Sunday evening, having disposed of his hogs at that place. Cliff reports the hog market is "down."

Mr. T. S. Magill, of Miami county, in this state, is visiting his brother-in-law, C. C. Harris, in this city. He is well pleased with the place and prospects and intends to locate.

The board of commissioners met on Monday and called the election on the L. L. & G. railroad proposition, to be held April 29th.

Mrs. Anna Harris has succeeded Misses Olds & Curry in the Millinery business. Mrs. Harris is a first-class milliner and persons desiring goods in that line should call on her.

AD: Mrs. Anna Harris/Milliner. Having purchased the millinery stock of the firm of Misses Olds & Currry, I shall put in a/New Stock of Goods, and shall keep a full line of First Class Millinery Goods and Fancy Notions. Hats and Bonnets Trimmed/Dressmaking.

Remember the place: two doors north of Bliss & Co.'s. Winfield.


We regret to learn of the death of Mrs. Clarke, wife of Samuel Clarke, of the Southwestern Machine Works. Mrs. Clarke, although having resided in Winfield but a short time, had won the respect and esteem of the entire community.










AD: H. JOCHEMS, DEALER IN HARDWARE, STOVES & TINWARE. Special Attention Given to Guttering and Spouting. East Side Main Street, Opposite Read's Bank, Winfield, Kansas.


AD: THE NEW CHICAGO BOOT AND SHORE HOUSE, WINFIELD, KANSAS., HAS AN ENTIRELY NEW STOCK OF FIRST-CLASS GOODS, INCLUDING THE CELEBRATED CHICAGO BOOTS & SHOES, and a large line of the famous CABLE WIRE FASTENED GOODS, all bought at the lowest prices for cash. Call and see the Largest and Best Stock of Boots and Shoes ever displayed in Winfield, and get our low cash prices.


Notice the new "ad." of the Chicago boot and shoe store in another column. Smith Bros., the proprietors, have had a large experience in the boot and shoe business, and know the wants of their customers.


We were pleased to meet, last Tuesday, Messrs. Hendricks & Wilson, from Pleasant Hill, Mo., who will open a hardware store in the building just south of Mrs. Stump's millinery store. They are very pleasant gentlemen and we are glad to welcome them to Winfied as their future home. Their goods are now on the way, and they expect to open in a few days.


Lynn & Gillelen are making arrangements to bring on another immense stock of goods this spring. J. B. Lynn is now in Chicago, buying goods, and when they open the people may expect some rare bargains. These gentlemen never do things by halves, and besides having the largest store room in southern Kansas, they generally carry a stock that would do credit to Kansas City or Atchison.


Sam Myton returned from his eastern trip last Sunday, and brought an immense lot of goods with him.

A large stock of confectionery, just received, at Dever's Star Bakery.

We were pleased to meet Mr. J. S. Mann, from St. Louis, last Monday. Mr. Mann intends to engage in business here, and has rented the building belonging to Mr. Hughes on south Main street.

The Winfield Marble Works have some very fine patterns of tombstones, table-tops, etc., on hand now.

Mater & Son are doing a large business in the blacksmith line. Their shop is "chuck full" of work all the time. Everybody knows "Dan," nearly everybody patronizes him.

A. H. Green has sold several farms the past week, among others that of Rev. Wm. Martin, west of town.

C. H. Robinson has returned from a trip to Topeka. He reports everything lively and a great immigration.

There was a slight disturbance on the street last Friday evening, but it was quelled by the appearance of Charley Stevens. Charley never fails to be on hand.

Squire Normon, of Maple township, has a first-class horse-power corn mill. It has a capacity of thirty bushels an hour, and has been running quite regularly this winter.

And now Sam Jarvis is happy. It's a boy and weighs 12 pounds. Good enough, Sam, and our best wishes are that it may grow up to be as good a chap as its daddy.

It is astonishing to see how rapidly the eastern portion of this city is building up. Several very fine residences are in process of erection, which add much to its appearance. Those of Messrs. Barclay and Saunders Wilson are among the best.

Mr. J. F. Holloway has built for himself a neat little residence on South Loomis Street.



MARCH 13, 1879.

The quota of state school fund apportioned to this county, amounting to $3,692.62, has been received by the treasurer and is ready for distribution. Superintendent Story informs us that it will amount to 68-1/4 cents per scholar of school age.



MARCH 13, 1879.

Mr. E. E. Weightman, from Hendall Creek, Penn., has purchased the Wm. Martin farm, west of town, and will remove here some time in the future. Mr. Weightman is a stirring, enterprising man, and we are glad that he has concluded to make Cowley his future home.



MARCH 13, 1879.

NINNESCAH, March 1, 1879.

EDITOR COURIER:CThinking you would like to hear something more about the gold excitement that has been going the rounds for the past sixty days, I will let you know how things are running.

The cause of the excitement was brought around by the digging of a well on the farm of R. T. Kumbrough, and as to the truth of what has been said in regard to there being gold in said well, there is not one shadow of doubt. I speak this knowingly. True, there are some who do not think it true, but of late they are of the fewest number, or at least in this locality. There is a company from New York now at work sinking a shaft on the farm of J. S. Rotherock. The shaft at this writing is twenty feet deep. They are going to go down forty or fifty feet and there drift east and west. These gentlemen mean business and are willing to spend time and money in prospecting and if they find no gold they are able to stand their loss. Should they find it, all the better for Cowley, as it would give her a big lift, and make her the leading county in the west.



MARCH 13, 1879.

SILVER CREEK, March 10, 1879.

A prairie fire was put out on the 25th of Feb. in the north part of the township, the wind blowing from the northwest a perfect gale, driving the fire through the center and east part of the township, doing much damage. Those suffering most were

H. S. Millard and Daniel Kempton. Mr. Millard lost several tons of hay, one mile of hedge, his team badly burned, disabling them for spring work, and some fruit trees were killed. Mr. Kempton lost some corn and one-half mile of hedge.

We understand that Mr. A. P. Brooks will put out two hundred apple trees this spring. Dennis Cunningham has built a snug little house on his place. Born to Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Land, March 3rd, a son, weight 9 pounds.



MARCH 20, 1879 - FRONT PAGE.

We are indebted to Rev. A. H. Walter for the following list of appointments of the M. E. Conference, Wichita District.

Arkansas City, L. F. Laverty.

Augusta, G. W. Kline.

Belle Plaine, J. W. Cain.

Belleview and Rolling Green (Supply), E. B. Abbott.

Cartwright, Gates.

Caldwell, A. Ryan and Armstrong.

Dexter and Tisdale, W. H. Rose.

Douglass, C. A. Stine.

East Wichita, H. Waiff.

Eldorado, P. F. Jones.

Lazette (supply), Boicourt.

Oxford, J. M. Romaine.

Plum Grove (supply), J. S. Budd.

Quito, A. Cain.

Sedgwick, D. W. Cameron.

South Haven, P. D. Lahr.

Wichita, J. Kirby.

Wichita Mission, J. W. Stewart.

West Wichita, N. P. Ledrick.

Wellington, J. N. Bolcourt.

Winfield, J. A. Hyden.

Winfield Circuit, B. C. Swarts.



MARCH 20, 1879 - FRONT PAGE.

On last Friday week twenty-five hundred immigrants arrived on the different railroads seeking homes in Kansas. The rush to the State this year is unequalled in its history, and the class of people are intelligent and thrifty.



MARCH 20, 1879 - FRONT PAGE.

Eagle: Hon. W. P. Hackney, of Winfield, has been in the city for several days, engaged in a very interesting law suit.



MARCH 20, 1879.

For more than two months our State Senator, Hon. A. J. Pyburn, has been constantly at his post at the capital. His return to his home and friends is taken as an opportunity for speaking of his work.

Though differing from Mr. Pyburn politically, we take pleasure in commending his course during the winter. In his support of Mr. Ingalls, he obeyed the wishes of a very large majority of his constituents of all parties. By securing the enactment of the law governing the issuance, payment, etc., of school district bonds, he has rendered the entire State a service, this being one of the most important laws enacted by the legislature. Should it ever be our fortune to be again represented in the State Senate by a democrat, we shall hope that Mr. Pyburn will be the man.


[A. T. & S. F. R. R.]

MARCH 20, 1879.

We have the authority of Gen'l. Strong of the A. T. & S. F. R. R. for stating that the extension of the Wichita branch will be commenced at once and that the iron and ties have been contracted for. In view of the building of lines in Kansas this season by this company, twenty locomotives, five hundred box cars, one hundred stock cars, fifty coal and flat cars, fifteen cabooses, five baggage cars, and eighteen coaches have been ordered. The new cabooses are to be the same as those already in use, which are so popular with stockmen. Mr. Strong says that this southern extension of the road will be one of the most important divisions on the line and that within another year, it will, in all probability reach Fort Smith, Arkansas. It might not be out of place for us to add in connection with the above that Gen'l. Strong seemed quite anxious to impress upon our mind the fact that he is specially desirous that the interests of the Company and the people shall be mutual and that a sympathy between them shall become firmly established. Before the next harvest is ready for shipment, another reduction in freight charges will take place; and we are informed further reductions will voluntarily be made as rapidly as the business of the Company will permit.

Gen'l. Strong appears to be very sincere in all he says regarding the welfare of the people along the line of his road, and we believe if his ideas are faithfully carried out, much good will result to all concerned. We found him to be a gentleman in every respect and very frank in expressing his ideas on the subject mentioned in this article.

CHarvey County News.



MARCH 20, 1879.

On the first of March there were 40,007 post offices in the United States, 1,314 of which were in the State of Kansas.



MARCH 20, 1879.

Cowley County has $35,563.13 in its treasury.

Over 86,000,000 bushels of corn was raised in the State last year.

Twenty-eight thousands acres of blue grass pasture in the State.

Twenty-six and one-half millions bushel of wheat raised in the State last year.

The I. O. G. T. installed their officers for the present term, at Little Dutch, Cowley County, last week.

The state of Kansas has 266,575 children of school age, and 4,520 school houses, or about sixty children to each school.



MARCH 20, 1879.

Smith Bros. have a white and black sign.

Col. Manning came home from Topeka last Sunday.

Senator Pyburn returned home from Topeka last week.

Judge W. P. Hackney has gone to Sedan on legal business.

J. T. Weston has been making some changes in his hardware store.

If you want to learn anything of blooded fowls, ask N. T. Snyder about them.

The firm of McGuire & Crippen has been dissolved. McGuire continues the business.

John Easton has moved his gunsmith shop to Ninth Avenue opposite Terrill's livery stable.

The Semi-Weekly has moved into its new quarters, just across the street from the COURIER office.

J. C. Page has dropped the rod and ferrule and has gone to selling plows and agricultural implements.

The Yale time lock man has been in the city the past two days regulating the time locks of our excellent banks.

Mr. A. B. Lemmon with his wife and "that boy" arrived in Winfield last Friday evening and will remain until next week.

The COURIER office has the most perfect map plate of Cowley county that has ever been prepared. We shall use it next week.

J. D. Pryor has purchased the residence on South Loomis street formerly owned by J. C. Franklin, and will occupy it for a residence.

C. C. Harris returned from the Ponca Agency on last Monday. He doesn't like the society down there as well as he does that of Wichita however.

The receipts for lock boxes at the post office are more than twice as great as they were three months ago; and still there are other boxes for rent.

District 69, Bolton township, was visited by a severe fire Thursday last. Considerable damage was done to hedges and trees, but to no other property so far as heard from.

The show business is getting stale in Winfield. For the past six weeks the opera house has been occupied almost every evening by some kind of a traveling show, and still they come.

Negotiations are pending for the construction of a fine business house of two stories and basement to cover the entire lot at the southwest corner of Ninth Avenue and Main Street.

The next number of the COURIER will be specially devoted to the interests of Cowley county, and persons desiring extra copies to send to their friends should leave their orders at once.

District 75 has had two prairie fires which, owing to the energy of teacher, scholars, and neighbors, were kept from doing the destruction they otherwise would have done. Look out for fires.

Marshal Stevens was called upon to settle a slight dispute, arising from the too frequent use of bad whiskey on Monday, which he did in the most preemptory manner. Mr. Stevens' arguments in favor of "peace and quiet" are generally conclusive.

Why can't our citizens agree to plant shade trees along their front walks? Let all lots that front on any one street be adorned with one kind of tree, and so on, until every street running north and south would have its own kind of tree. Anyhow, put out shade trees.

The Arkansas Valley Teachers' Association will hold a spring session at Newton, April 3, 4, and 5. A good time is expected. Reduced rates on cars and at hotels have been secured for teachers going to this association. Our county superintendent is on the program for a paper on "Supervision of Schools."

We would call your attention to the advertisement of Johnston's Great Western Gun Works in another column. Our Pittsburg agent endorses Mr. Johnston as being a reliable and honorable businessman, and one of the oldest and largest dealers in the United States. Send stamp for his large and illustrated catalogue.



If you are in want of anything in the way of


Pistols, Ammunition, Gun Material, Fishing Tackle, or any other Fine Sporting Goods, send stamp for my Large Illustrated Catalogue and Price List.


Winfield Courier, March 20, 1879.

The residence of Col. J. C. McMullen, when completed, will be one of the most con-venient houses in Southern Kansas. It is lighted throughout with gas, having jets in every room, from garret to cellar, is heated with hot air, and the system of warm and cold water pipes is equal to any we have ever seen. It is a credit to the city, as well as a monument to the enterprise of one of Cowley's oldest and best citizens.


The Presbyterian Synod of Kansas has appointed a committee and is taking steps toward locating a Presbyterian college somewhere within the limits of the Synod. Emporia has offered $10,000 toward having it located at that place, and Salina proposes to give $15,000.

Rev. J. E. Platter, who is one of the committee, has offered to donate 20 acres of land adjoining Winfield toward having the college located at this place, and we understand that an effort will be made to get additional subscriptions. With the building of the A. T. & S. F. from the north, the L. L. & G. from the east, and the Mo. Pacific from the northeast, Winfield would be a desirable point for the location of such an institution. Would it not be well to work this matter up?


Several hundred dollars were paid last week on orders for state school fund, "and still ther's more to follow."

Can't our school districts appoint an "arbor day" for the purpose of planting trees? This is a matter that all good citizens should encourage.

Springs will tell. Go to Wichita in Shinneman & Millspaugh's rigs, as cheap as the stage.

Dr. Hughes, of the Traveler, and Hon. M. R. Leonard came up from Arkansas City last Tuesday.

Beeney has a new billiard table, also a fifteen ball pool table, and now has the best billiard hall in the city. Give him a call.

Messrs. Hendricks & Wilson, of Pleasant Hill, Mo., have opened a new hardware store on Main street, south of the Williams House. They are live, enterprising men, and will undoubtedly do a good business.

[AD: MARCH 20, 1879.]

Hendricks & Wilson,

-Dealers In-



Winfield, Kansas.

We have opened a Large, New and Complete Stock of HARDWARE, which we intend to sell at the Lowest Reasonable Rates FOR CASH.

We have on hand a full line of Wagon Woodwork, Shelf, and Builder's Hardware.


Mr. Smith, of the "New Chicago Boot and Shoe House," arrived here last week.

McCommon & Harter have a miniature aquarium on exhibition in their front window, in which they have confined serval specimens of that historic fish known as the "sucker."

Col. Loomis and M. Thompson started for Leadville, Colorado, with a carload of pork last Tuesday.

W. H. Hartman, who purchased the lot next to Mater & Son's blacksmith shop, writes A. H. Green that he will be in Winfield in a few days and commence the erection of a stone building to be used as a hardware store.

Mr. Will Hudson and Miss Emma Green were married on last Sunday evening.

Mr. Nate Fisher has opened a candy shop on the corner of Main and Ninth Avenue.

Bret. Crapster, ye local of the Telegram, has returned from his visit East. We suppose that he has accumulated a "fu of humor and a store of wit" with which he will embellish the columns of the Telegram for the next two or three weeks.

Herrington & Austin have put up a handsome sign over the entrance to their paint shop.

We employed Messrs. Cady & Fortner to build us about 1400 sq. feet of stone sidewalk in ninety days. In ten days it was done and well down with large well fitted, thick stone, and we have some of the most substantial walks in the city.

The students of our city schools presented a pleasing sight as they marched up Ninth avenue Tuesday afternoon to witness the phonograph exhibition at the Opera House. There were between three hundred and four hundred in line marching in two ranks. The older students had the lead and as the long line tapered down to the A B C folks, it looked as if the professor in charge or someone else had whittled the school down "almost to a fine point."


[St. L., K. & A. R. R.]

MARCH 20, 1879

During the past few days the attention of our people has been called directly to this proposed extension of the Missouri Pacific railroad. The first of this week Messrs. D. R. Garrison and Melville C. Dey, of St. Louis, officers of the proposed road, arrived in the city. They spent a couple of days conferrning with our poeple and on Tuesday evening met a goodly number of our most prominent citizens at the city council room for the purpose of discussing with them the advantages of the contemplated line of road. The meeting was organized by the election of Mr. C. A. Bliss, chairman, and O. M. Seward, secretary. Aftger considerable speech-making, the following resolutions were unanimously adopted.

Resolved, 1. That we have confidence in the stability of the St. Louis, Kansas & Arizona Railway company to building the proposed railroad into Southern and Southwestern Kansas.

Resolved, 2. That we believe that the construction of the proposed railroad would be of immense advantage to this part of the State by giving us the shortest and most direct route to an eastern market, and that when a reasonable proposition therefor is made, we shall contribute as we are able to do.

We trust that arrangements will be made to secure the construction of this important road to our town. It would forever settle the question of cheap freights.



MARCH 20, 1879.

In the division of our city into wards, we find this gentleman the only councilman left in the first ward. Mr. Jochems is one of our best businessmen, honorable, fair-minded, of sound judgment, and devoted to the interests of the city. He has been a faithful officer and ward No. 1 should reelect him.



MARCH 20, 1879.

LITTLE DUTCH, March 14, 1879.

Swift-footed time speeds on and places us in certain positions before we are aware of it; so it placed us in a position to fight fire last night like "gee whiz." The prairie fire burned four straw stacks, a coral, considerable fence, and quite a number of fruit and forest trees for Mr. White.

Yes, it was a hard wind last night; so hard that a "bran new" pair of breeches belonging to one of our citizens went sailing off for another clime.



MARCH 20, 1879.

WINFIELD, KANS., Marc. 17, 1879.

Council met at the usual place and hour, C. M. Wood, President of Council, in chair; Councilmen Gully, Jochems, Manning, and Robinson; J. P. Short, clerk, and N. C. Coldwell, city attorney, present.

The Governor's proclamation making Winfield a city of the second class was then read, after which a petition of some ninety citizens in opposition to changing eht class of the city was read; and Mr. Manning moved that the prayer of the petitioners be granted. The matter was discussed by Councilman Manning and

H. E. Asp and J. E. Allen, citizens, for, and N. C. Coldwell, Col. Alexander, and M. G. Troup, against. The roll being called the vote stood as follows: YesCJochems and Manning. NayCGully, Robinson, and Wood.

On motion of Robinson, the clerk was instructed to spread the Governor's proclamation on the Record.

Ordinance No. 84, dividing the city into two wards, was then passed.

Action was taken on the following bills.

J. Hoenscheidt, establishing grade, $10,00, referred to Finance committee.

J. P. Short, taking census, $9.00.

C. C. Stevens, city marshal, $40.00.

John Beckem, removing nuisance, $1.25.

James Walsh, laying crosswalk, $10.00.

All allowed and ordered paid.

On motion Council adjourned to 24th inst.

C. M. WOOD, Acting Mayor.

Attest: J. P. SHORT, Clerk.


Whereas, It appears from a certificate of the Mayor and Council of the city of Winfield, in the county of Cowley, and State of Kansas, duly authenticated by the clerk of said city under the seal thereof, and bearing date February 19th, 1879, which has been duly filed in this Department, that the said city of Winfield, in the said county of Cowley, and State of Kansas, has attained a population of over two thousand and not exceeding fifteen thousand; and

Whereas, the Mayor and Council of said city of Winfield, have duly made out and transmitted to the undersigned an accurate description by metes and bounds of all the lands included within the limits of said city and the additions thereto;

Now, therefore, I, John P. St. John, Governor of the State of Kansas, in pursuance of the statute in such case made and provided, do hereby declare and proclaim said city of Winfield, in said county of Cowley, and State of Kansas, subject to the provisions of an act entitled "An act to incorporate cities of the second class and to repeal former acts," approved February 28th, 1872.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto subscribed my name and caused to be affixed the great seal of the State.

[SEAL] Done at the Executive Department, Topeka, Kansas, this 27th day of February, 1879.

By the Governor: JOHN P. ST. JOHN.

JAMES SMITH, Secretary of State.



MARCH 20, 1879.

Miss Addie Turner, of Baltimore, and Miss Ray Nauman, of Winfield, are visiting at Mr. Craig's.

Mr. John Ingraham and family have moved from the city of Floral to this neighborhood.

Mr. John Cox is building a very nice stone house.



MARCH 20, 1879.

Mr. Tibbetts has moved to Sumner County. Mr. Ellis has moved on Mr. Waite's farm.

They have ceased operations at the gold mines, but it is thought it is only for a short time. The different parties took some of the nicest rock that they blew out last Saturday and lit out, some for Kansas City and some for other places, to have it thoroughly tested. The mineralogist that was here last week said it was one of the richest ledges that has ever been discovered in the west or it was one of the grandest cheats.



MARCH 20, 1879.

ED. COURIER: For the sake of our city, it is to be hoped that no mistakes will be made this year by any of our good citizens. Last year our temperance folks with the best intentions, in which they have our sympathies, endeavored to secure a city government which would favor the prohibition of the sale of intoxicating liquors. It is claimed on the part of some that mistakes of managers defeated this ticket.

We will not pause to discuss this point, except to say that it is entirely probable that even had there been the utmost wisdom and skill displayed by those directing the movement, still the opposition ticket would have been elected. Regret it as much as we will, it is not at all certain that public sentiment is ripe for such sweeping measures as absolute prohibition in Winfield.

But passing this all by and looking at the result of the election, we find that nothing was secured except what every good citizen must deplore. We may lay it down as a principle that radical temperance issues raised in an election if not successful will result in giving a thorough-going whiskey city government. Those interested in the support of the traffic rally their forces and nominate a ticket and back it by money or whiskey, and see to it that only those who will stick at nothing to favor them are on the ticket. This was exactly what happened at the last election. The present city government began its work of service for the liquor interest by granting licenses to men on insufficient petitions and with scarcely a pretense of examining some of them. They licensed Page to keep a dram shop, knowning that it was but the cover of a gambling den, and it was asserted by Rev. Risbridge, and has never been denied as far as we have heard, in a sermon soon after the death of Page, that members of the Council and officials of the city accepted private keys to Page's gambling rooms.

They have allowed drug stores to sell liquor with impunity and saloons to sell liquor on Sunday late at night without disturbance. In short, if the present members of the city government had said, "We are here to see that liquor selling and gambling are not interfered with," they could not better have indicated the course of action they have pursued. They were elected by a fight on churches; that was their battle cry. They signalized their advent into office by unanimously signing every liquor petition. Some of them worked assiduously for signers to saloon keepers' petitions, and one member of the Council, who stands preeminent for the championship of the whiskey interests, requested a man to sign the petition, informing him at the same time that he wanted a sufficient petition, and if that could not be had, they would grant the license anyhow.

Last of all, with the information by Col. Manning that a number of cities of the second class in Kansas were petitioning to be relieved of the burdens this form of government imposed, and asking to be placed back in the third class, and after his request and that of other influential citizens to delay the action until a matter involving such changes could be investigated, they rushed the ordinance through. This will involve much expense and heavier taxation, and with this only compensating advantage, that it gives the Council greater powers in granting saloon licenses.

Last year much was said about economy and the benefit of the license money simply because it served to further the whiskey interest; now the Council have suddenly grown careless about money when the whiskey element can be served.

Now, in view of these facts, would it not be better for temperance folks to keep out of the spring election with a ticket and accept the best men offered by the citizens at large. They cannot do worse, and they can scarcely have a change without bettering themselves if they do not force temperance into undue prominence. By throwing the temperance vote solid for the best men, we can secure a change, and that is the important thing. We can get men who will see that other interests be protected besides the whiskey interests. PROGRESS.



MARCH 20, 1879.

Mr. P. W. Watkins has shown us plans for a new Presbyterian church at Little Dutch. The plans are well drawn and beautiful. The church will be a neat and imposing edifice to cost about $1500.



MARCH 20, 1879.

The Presbytery of Emporia will neet in this place April 7, at 7:30 p.m. The session of the Presbytery will be opened with a sermon by the retiring Moderator, Rev. F. P. Berry, of Wellington. The meetings of Presbytery will probably continue until Friday or Saturday. This Presbytery embraces about one sixth of the Presbyterian churches of Kansas, and there are five others in the State. The number of delegates entitled to sit in this body are one minister and one ruling elder from each church.

Owing to the difficulty and expense of reaching Winfield, it is probable that many of the elders and some of the ministers will not be present. About 30 delegates are expected. All who will entertain delegates will confer a favor by informing Mr. Platter or Mr. Curns of their willingness to do so and the number they can take.



MARCH 20, 1879.

WHEREAS, We, the undersigned, believe that everything in opposition to the rights of the laborer is inimical to the prosperity of the community, and

WHEREAS, We further believe that the prosperity of our city and our own individual interests as well, will be more perfectly assured by securing for officials men who can realize the wants and appreciate the necessities of the working classes.

Therefore, for the better protection of our rights and for the better government of our city, be it

Resolved, That we unite our efforts to effect a change in the management of the finances and improvements of our city. And be it further

Resolved, That we, and each of us, sustain and support the nominees of the labor party of the city of Winfield in the coming city election. And be it further

Resolved, That we denounce all kinds of bribery, and all attempts to influence the vote of any man by this means, and that we will support no man who will countenance the use of liquor for the purpose of influencing any man in the exercise of his franchise, or who boasts that he can or has used it for that purpose. C. CAYWOOD, Pres.

L. SPACH, Sec'y.



MARCH 20, 1879.

The following are the officers of the Cowley County Sabbath School Convention.

President: R. C. Story.

Vice President: W. M. Sleeth.

Secretary: F. S. Jennings.

Assistant Secretary: H. E. Asp.

Treasurer: James Harden.

Executive Committee: R. C. Story, F. S. Jennings, T. R. Bryan, Will Mowry, E. W. Jones, John R. Thompson, and A. S. Williams.



MARCH 20, 1879.

The following marriage licenses have been granted since March 1st.

J. A. Clover to Julia E. C'over.

Christian Schultz to Sarah E. Edwards.

John Lingenfelter to Lucy Mickelwaite.

Solomon Wise to Mary Lingenfelter.

Zebulon Foster to Malissa Summers.

James M. Lowry to Sarah E. Dunkin.

John Bumgardner to Mahala M. Gardner.

Millard F. Pitt to Clara B. Bagner.

Albert Wakefield to Nancy Wilson.

John C. George to Malissa F. Jackson.

Samuel F. Feagins to Elizabeth Christy.

Wm. Passmore to Flora A. Haine.

Henry O. Livergood to Sarah Meece.

John F. Horndeck to Moltie I. Bradshaw.

H. G. Russ to Hilke Rosendale.

James G. Atkinson to Ida M. Walker.

William Hudson to Emma Green.



MARCH 20, 1879.

Whereas, the county commissioners of the county of Cowley, State of Kansas, at a special meeting, held March 10th, 1879, made an order of which the following is a copy.

"At a special meeting of the county commissioners of Cowley county, holden at the office of the county clerk in the courthouse in the City of Winfield in said county on the 10th day of March A. D. 1879, there were present: R. F. Burden, Chairman;

W. M. Sleeth and Geo. L. Gale, Commissioners; with E. S. Torrance, County Attorney, and M. G. Troup, County Clerk; a petition was presented to the Board, signed by two-fifths of the resident tax-payers off said county which, with the signatures omitted is as follows: to wit:

"To the Honorable the Board of County Commissioners of the county of Cowley and State of Kansas:

"Inasmuch as the Southern Kansas and Western Railroad Company proposes to construct a line of railroad into and through the county of Cowley, in the State of Kansas, the undersigned, being more than two-fifths of the resident tax payers of said county, respectfully petition your Honorable Board to call a special election in said county at as early a day as is practicable, and legal, and at such special election to submit to the qualified electors of said county, a proposition to subscribe 68 thousand (68,000) dollars to the capital stock of said Southern Kansas and Western Railroad Company, a corportion duly organized and existing under and by virtue of the laws of the State of Kansas, and to issue the bonds of said county in the like amount of sixty-eight thousand (68,000) dollars, in payment of said subscriptions, said bonds to be delivered to said railroad company for like amounts of the capital stock thereof as follows: Fifty-one thousand (51,000) dollars when said railroad is in operation to the point herein after named, near the city of Winfield in said county, and the remaining seventeen thousand (17,000) dollars when the said railroad is in operation to the western line of said county.








From the First Biennial Report of the State Board of Agriculture.

POPULATION.CPopulation, in 1870, 1,175; population in 1875, 8,963; increase in five years, 7,788; population in 1878, 15,390; increase in eight years, 14,215. Rural population, 13,543; city of town population, 1,847; percent of rural to city or town population, 83.



FACE OF THE COUNTRY.CBottom lands, 33 percent; upland, 6 percent; forest (Government survey), 6 percent; prairie, 94 percent. Average width of bottomsCArkansas river, 5 miles; Walnutt, 2 miles; Grouse, Dutch, and Rock creeks, 1 mile each. General surface of the countryCwest of the Walnut smooth and level, with very slight undulations; the eastern part of the county is undulating, and along the streams bluffy.


TIMBER:CWidth of timber belt of the Arkansas, one eighth of a mile. Varieties: cottonwood and sycamore. On the Walnut, one quarter mile; walnut, oak, and hackberry. On Grouse creek, one quarter-mile. On Timber and Rock creeks, one-eighth of a mile. Varieties: walnut, oak, and hackberry. But little attention has been given to the growth of artificial timber, the natural growth being sufficient for immediate needs; what has been grown is mainly for shade around the dwellings.

PRINCIPAL STREAMS.CArkansas river, running southeast across the southwest corner of the county; principal tributaries, Walnut, Beaver, and Grouse, running south. Tributaries of the Walnut are Rock, Dutch, Badger, and Timber crees; direction, southwest; also Maple, Stewart, and other small streams; direction, southeast. Tributaries to Grouse, on the west side, Silver cree; direction, southwest; also Wild Cat, Plum and others from the east. Otter, Cedar, and Rock creeks, tributaries of the Big Caney, leave the county on the east. The county is well supplied with springs. Good well water, east of Walnut, 15 to 25 feet; west of Walnut, 15 to 40 feet.

BUILDING STONE, ETC.CInexhaustible quantities of best quality magnesia limestone are reported in every township in the county.

RAILROAD CONNECTIONS.CNo railroads yet constructed.

AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS.CAcres in the county, 718,080; taxable acres, 395,827; under cultivation, 151,394.37; culti-

vated to taxable acres, 38.25 percent; increase of cultivated acres during the year, 32,697.19.

VALUE OF GARDEN PRODUCE, POULTRY, AND EGS SOLD DURING THE YEAR.CGarden produce, 63,296.25; poultry and eggs, $3,706.20.

OLD CORN ON HAND.COld corn on hand March 1st, 1878, 266.140 bushels, or an average of 86 bushels to each family.

DAIRY PRRODUCTS.CCheese manufactured in 1875, 300 lbs.; in 1878, 1,630 lbs.; increase, 1,330 lbs. Butter manufactured in 1875, 161.082 lbs.; in 1878, 239,202 lbs.; increase, 78,126 lbs.

FARM ANIMALS.CNumber of horses in 1877, 4,501; in 1878, 5,160, increase, 659. Mules and asses, in 1877, 881; in 1878, 1,027; increase, 146. Milch cows, in 1877, 3,891; in 1878, 4,061; increase, 170. Other cattle, in 1877, 8,216; in 1878, 7,805; decrease, 411. Sheep, in 1877, 4,883; in 1878, 7,035; increase, 2,152. Swine, in 1877, 14,982; in 1878, 27,290; increase, 12,308.

SHEEP KILLED BY DOGS.CNumber of sheep killed by dogs, 92; value of sheep killed by dogs, $276.

WOOL.CClip of 1877, 23,070 lbs.

VALUE OF ANIMALS SLAUGHTERED.CValue of animals slaughtered and sold for slaughter during the year, $70,268.44.

HORTICULTURE.CAcres, nurseries, 181.81. Number of trees in bearing: apple, 5,754; pear, 1,425; peach, 196,554; plum, 7,582; cherry, 3,846. Number of trees not in bearing: apple, 68,566; pear, 2,795; peach, 101,409; plum, 4,258; cherry, 14,629.

HERD LAW.CThe herd law has been in operation since 1872. Public sentiment is greatly divided, but the majority are favorable to the law. It is held thqt it rewards fencing and hedge-growing, and stimulates the grown of small grains more than stock raising. The friends of the law claim that it renders fences unnecessary, and greatly enlarges the cultivated, grain-producing area.

FENCES.CStone, 26,048 rods; cost, $45,584.44. Rail, 60.209 rods; cost $84,292.60. Board, 17,905 rods; cost $25,604.15. Wire, 3,230 rods; cost $2,357.90. Hedge, 348,235 rods; cost, $226,852.75. Total rods of fence, 455,627; Total cost, $384,191.84.

APIACULTURE.CNumber of stands of bees, 28.

VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS.CAmount invested in agricultural implements, $71,268.

MANUFACTURES.CCresswell township: steam saw mill, capital, $3,000; water grist mill, capital, $30,000; steam saw and grist mills, capital, $3,500. Dexter township: steam saw and grist mills, capital, $5,000. Windsor township: steam saw mills, 2; capital, $550. Winfield township: breweries, 2; capital, $5,200; water power grist mills, 2; capital, $42,000.

VALUATION AND INDEBTEDNESS.CAssessed valuation of personal property, $447,200; total assessed valuation of all property, $2,020,074.60; true valuation of all property, $3,866,789.33. Total indebtedness of county, township, city, and school districts, $145,668.82; percent of indebtedness to assessed valuation, .07+.

SCHOOLS.CNumber of organized districts, 115; school population, 5,681; average salary of teachers, per month, males, $33.35; females, $26.48. School houses built during 1878, 9; frame, 8; stone, 1. Total number of school houses, 98; log, 1; frame, 89; brick, 8; stone, 5. Value of school property, $77,250. No report on shade trees.


Baptist: organizations, 11; membership, 375; church edi-fices, 1; value of church property, $2,000.

Congregational: organizations, 2; membership, 26.

Episcopal: membership, 15.

Methodist Episcopal: organizations, 30; membership, 746; church edifices, 2; value of church property, $14,000.

Presbyterian: organizations, 4; membership, 250; church edifices, 2; value of church property, $15,000.

Roman Catholic: organizations, 1; membership, 200.

United Presbyterian: organizations, 1; membership, 40; value of church property, $4,000.



MARCH 27, 1879.

The question of utilizing the vast, though ever-changing current of water, known as the Upper Arkansas river, flowing through our State from west to south-east, and making it the highway to a southern market, has been a living subject with the enterprising agricultural people of Cowley, Sumner, Sedgwick, and those counties lying along and contiguous thereto, ever since the first settlement of that fertile valley in 1870. Owing to their remote distance from a railroad or a market, and the consequent cost of transporting the vast surplus of wheat raised in Cowley and Sumner, this matter has been of vital interest to the people living within their borders. The subject has been discussed in the field and in the grange; has been the slogan of the country politician and the shibboleth of the farmers. It has been resolved upon by conventions, petitioned for by representatives and memorialized by our State Legislature until Congress has taken the matter under consideration, and appointed a commission of competent engineers to personally visit, examine, and report on the feasibility of opening up the stream for navigation, from some point near the terminus of the Wichita branch of the Santa Fe railroad to Little Rock, Arkansas.

In view of these facts, a brief account of the local and individual efforts to solve the problem will doubtless be of interest. During the fall of 1872, A. W. Berkey and A. C. Winton, of Cowley County, built a small flatboat at Arkansas City, loaded it with flour, and started down the river, bound for Little Rock. While they may not have had the "unexplored wildness," that lay between De Soto and the dream of his ambition, or the dangers that beset Coronado in his march of disappointment through undiscovered Kansas to encounter, yet four hundred and fifty miles of an unknown river, guarded by a semi-barbarous people who have no particular good feeling towards a frontiersman, lay between them and civilization, presented anything but a cheerful outlook for this pioneer voyage. The trip was made, however, without adventure, and in a reasonable length of time. The produce disposed of, the navigators returned overland to Arkansas City, and reported a fair depth of water and a lively current from the State line to Fort Gibson.

On the strength of this report, a joint stock company was immediately organized, and an agent appointed to proceed at once to the Ohio river and purchase a suitable steamer to ply between the points named. A light draught wharf packet was procured, and a point known as Webbers' Falls, between Little Rock and Fort Gibson, reached on her upward trip. Here it was found that her engines were of insufficient power to stem the current, so she was taken back to Little Rock, and there sold at a loss to her owners of twenty-five hundred dollars.

This failure temporarily dampened the ardor of even the enthusiastic commercial path-finders, and nothing further was attempted until the summer of 1878, when Messrs. W. H. Speer and Amos Walton, two leading public spirited citizens of the county, equipped a "ferry-flat" with a 10 horse-power threshing machine engine, and by several trips up and down the river for a distance of 60 miles from Arkansas City, demonstrated beyond a doubt that a steamer could be successfully propelledon the Arkansas river at any season of the year. The flat was fifty feet long, sixteen feet wide, and drew ten inches of water. This novel little craft visited Grouse creek, the Walnut river, Salt City, the Kaw Indian Agency, Oxford, and other points along the river, and attracted crwods of people wherever it went. At Oxford a public reception was tendered its officers and crew! These experimental trips were all made while the river was at its lowest stage, and prior to the annual "June rise."

Soon after this and while the "ferry-flat" was still prominently before the public, Mr. I. H. Bonsall, an experienced engineer and prominent citizen of Arkansas City, corresponded with the businessmen of Little Rock, and induced them to send a boat on a trial trip to the upper country.

The little steamer, "Aunt Sally," (see engraving) a tug built for the deep sluggish bayous of Arkansas, and used in the local cotton trade there, was selected and manned for the purpose. Though not designed for swift water, this crude little steamer made the complete voyage, and, in command of Captains Lewis and Baker, with Mr. Chapman as pilot, landed safely at Arkansas City, and was moored there, in the Walnut river, Sunday morning, June 30th, 1878. The officers reported sufficient water and a safe current for light draught steamers for the entire distance, and expressed themselves of the opinion that a boat built especially for the purpose could run regularly between the two States every day in the year.

Soon after the "Aunt Sally" returned South, Henry and Albert Pruden and O. J. Palmer, of Salt City, Sumner County, started for Little Rock with a "ferry-flat" loaded with seven hundred bushels of wheat. The wheat was sold at a good round figure, and the gentlemen returned, reporting a successful trip and a good stage of water.

On their return, the businessmen of Arkansas City, finding that steamboat owners in the lower country were not disposed to adventure up so far with their boats, resolved to build a steamer themselves, and with it make regular trips between their city and the Indian agencies in the Territory. After several attempts to find men of experience to take the matter in charge, McCloskey Seymour secured the services of Mr. Cyrus Wilson, who began the building of a boat for the purposes named.

Wednesday afternoon, November 6, 1878, the "Cherokee," the first steamboat ever built in Kansas, was successfully launched at Arkansas City.

The hull of this boat is 83 feet long, 16 feet wide on the bottom, and 85 feet long and 18 feet wide on the boiler deck; beam, 22 feet, with guards extending 2 feet around a model bow. She carrries two twenty-horse power engines, and with all her machinery, draws less than eight inches of water; and, when loaded to the guards, will not draw over sixteen inches. The shallowest water found on the bars between Arkansas City and Little Rock during the lowest stage of the river was eighteen inches. From this it will be seen that the "Cherokee" will answer the purposes for which it was built, and be of great service in transporting the supplies from these counties to the Indian Agencies lying south and east of Arkansas City.

With the Arkansas river opened for navigation, and a good line of boats and barges making regular trips between the points named in this article, business of all kinds will receive a fresh impetus in Southern Kansas. There will be no railroad monopolies, no "pooling of earnings," and no forming of combinations to affect the interest of the producers. The farmers of this locality will then have a highway of their own by which they can exchange their surplus wheat, flour, and corn for the coal and lumber of the Lower Arkansas. The advantages of this proposed line of commerce are apparent, and need not be repeated here. The attention of Congress has been called to them, and we patiently await the official report of its Commission on the subject of navigating the Upper Arkansas river.

C[State Agricultural report.]



MARCH 27, 1879.

In the southern part of Cowley County, is a town of some 800 inhabitants and is still growing rapidly. New houses are going up every day. It is beautifully situated on a high mound like elevation at the junction of the Arkansas and Walnut rivers, commanding a view of the surrounding country for many miles all round.

It is one of the best locations for a town in the State; high, dry, and healthful. It is in the very best portion of the Arkansas valley a short distance from where that river leaves the State and enters the Indian Territory. It has a class of citizens of unusual intelligence and refinement for a western town. Arkansas City has now as fine business houses as are to be found in the State with large and full assorted stocks of goods.

Arkansas City does a large and lucrative trade with the Indian Agency, just south in the Territory. It is nothing uncommon to see from 15 to 20 wagons driven by native Indians in its business street, loading up dry goods, groceries, and provisions to the Indians in the Territory south. Arkansas City is 4 miles from the south line of the State and six miles from west line of the CountyCthe largest town in the stateon the line.

Arkansas City is represented by one weekly newspaper, the Arkansas City Traveler.

We have the finest school building in the Southwest, costing upwards of $10,000. It is constructed of brick with cut stone corners, two stories high, and is finished in the best modern style.

We have the finest and best grist and saw mill in Southern Kansas, one steam saw mill, three Drug stores, three Dry Goods stores, two Hardware stores, one Shoe store, three Grocery stores, one large Furniture store, two Banks, three Blacksmith shops, one Bakery, one Lumber yard, five Doctors, two Dentists, four practicing Lawyers, two Real Estate Agents, three Hotels, two Livery Stables, two Milliners, one Paint Shop, one Photographer, two Harness Shops, one Barber, one Carpet-weaving house, one Gunsmith, two Tin Shops, two Carpenter Shops, one Cigar store, one Billiard Hall, three Churches, one Carriage and Wagon Shop.

The town is not in advance of the country, and must prosper as it becomes settled. It is the southern terminus of four prospective railroads; one from Wichita down the Arkansas Valley, one down the Walnut river from Eldorado, one from Independence via the Elk Valley, and one now building from Kansas City, via Emporia, which will reach this place in time to carry away next year's crops.



MARCH 27, 1879.

At the close of the last school year, July 31, 1878, Kansas had a school population of 266,575. Of this number 177,806 were enrolled in schoolCthe average daily attendance being 106,932. The increase of school population for the year was 33.701; in enrollment, 19,731, and in average daily attendance, 12,023. The average length of school term for the entire State was 22.6 weeks, this being an increase of 1.1 weeks over the previous year.




MARCH 27, 1879.

Through the persistent efforts of Hon. Thomas Ryan, four new mail routes have been established in this couty and the lettings for mail services will be made with the general lettings of mail contracts for this spring. The routes alluded to are

1st. Winfield via. Tannehill, Salt City, Guelph, and South Haven to Caldwell, tri-weekly.

2nd. Winfield via. Silverdale and Maple City to Otto, tri-weekly.

3rd. Winfield via. Bushnell, Littleton, and El Paso to Wichita, daily.

4th. Winfield via. Floral to Polo, tri-weekly.

The last has been run awhile semi-weekly before being established by Congress. It will now be regularly let.

The Winfield to Wichita route will be direct and will supercede the route via Oxford and to Arkansas City. A separate daily mail will be established from Winfield to Arkansas City and probably another from Winfield via. Oxford to Wellington. The Wichita mail will probably be required to reach this place at 3 o'clock p.m. and leave at 9 o'clock a.m.



MARCH 27, 1879.

Fred C. Hunt is writing up the abstract books in Curns' & Mansers' land office.

I. L. Comfort, the Pioneer wood-cutter, is around again looking for wood to cut.

Rev. J. A. Hyden, pastor of the M. E. church, conducted the services at the Presbyterian church last Sunday.

J. P. Short has been appointed by the mortgagees to dispose of the Stuart & Wallis stock of goods.

Mr. A. A. Rankin, brother-in-law of our lumberman, Mr. John Moffitt, arrived here Monday evening. He is on a trip of health, pleasure, and a look at the country.

Terrill & Ferguson have purchased Capt. E. Davis' interest in the stone livery stable on Ninth avenue. They now own and control the best livery outfit in the country.

The Winfield Mills of C. A. Bliss turned out 40,000 pounds of flour last week. How do you like this, you fellows "out west" who live on sod corn and bacon the year round?

Capt. Nipp sold the J. C. Fisler farm of 200 acres for $3,000, last Saturday. This is a very fine farm, located in South Bend, and was purchased by Mr. Jas. Rutter, from Ohio.


We would call special attention to the legal card of James Christian. Mr. Christian is a Kansan of the times that "tried men's souls" and is well known throughout the state as a talented attorney and orator.



ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW, Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas, Judge of the Police Court. Justice of the Peace, Notary Public, and Land Agent. Also, Agent for the "Home Insurance" Company of New York, and Phoenix of Hartford, Conn. Will attend promptly to all business in his line. Oldest practicing lawyer in Kansas. Charges, moderate.



Linus S. Webb returned to Winfield last week and expects, with no "intervening providence," to remain permanently with us. Mr. Webb made many warm friends during his former residence here.

The credit of getting up this edition of the COURIER is almost wholly due to Mr. Lemmon, who has been in the city for several days and taken cahrge of the matter. The other editor has made the selections from the superintendent's biennial reports without the entire approval of his partner.

We would call special attention to the notices in this issue of Messrs. Gilbert & Jarvis. They are building up a very large business and by their energy and careful attention to their work are winning golden opinions.





S. L. GILBERT, Notary Public. S. M. JARVIS, Attorney at Law.

They make a specialty of Farming LandsCboth buying and selling. They have now over One Hundred Farms for sale in COWLEY, SUMNER, AND BUTLER COUNTIES, comprising some of the Finest Farms in the State. You will find their prices and terms to suit.

Money to Loan at 8, 9, and 10 Percent on Improved Farms.


Among the names of candidates for Mayor, that of Mr. C. M. Wood has been mentioned. We have to say that as councilman he has been very efficient and our city owes much of the present good condition especially in streets and sidewalks to him. He should be at least retained in the city council.


Messrs. Simpson & Stewart, the "pioneer" bricklayers of Cowley county, are pushing the Fahey building forward rapidly. Their cries of "mort" and "more hard brick" are familiar sounds to the older residents of Winfield, as they have had a hand in "raising" most of the beautiful and substantial buildings of which we are so proud.




MARCH 27, 1879.

OMNIA TP., March 16, 1879.

We now have a blacksmith shop in full blast at Baltimore. So much on the strength of an eastern railroad. The extreme modesty exhibited by the L. L. & G., company in only demanding $68,000 is causing some comment among the farmers in Omnia when they consider the fact that the limit fixed by law will not allow us to vote anymore. But, "howsomer," the most of them will vote for the proposition.

We think it would be a good plan to elect a full board of county commissioners who live in Winfield when the time of the present board expires, and then they would either build a new courthouse or repair the old one so it would not fall down and kill some half a dozen of our county officials. We hope this matter will be promptly attended to when the proper times comes.

One of our estimable ladies, Mrs. A. L. Crow, has been called away by death since our last. Some of our farmers start to Wichita tomorrow for lumber to build a school house in District 109. They expect to build it immediately and have a school this summer.



MARCH 27, 1879.

There will be a meeting of the citizens of Winfield township at the courthouse on Saturday, the 29th day of March, at 2 o'clock p.m., for the purpose of selecting township officers to fill the vacancies caused by the city becoming a city of the second class.



MARCH 27, 1879.

On the first day of AprilCall fool's dayCWinfield and Cowley county will boast of something it never had before, and that is a full fledged Democratic paper.

The Telegram will be changed from a seven column mongrel sheet to a nine column folio, printed on a power press. The new machinery arrived on Thursday last, purchased by Mr. Crapster on his late visit east.C[Semi-Weekly.]


Sometime since we thought of purchasing a new power press for the COURIER but we read the fate of poor Warner and decided to profit by his example. Some years ago W. H. Warner located at Independence and purchased the "Kansan" published at that place. For a considerable time he did well, his paper constantly increasing in influence, circulation, and business. At last Warner became ambitious. He started a daily and bought a power press. As long as his money and credit lasted, everything went swimmingly. After awhile these were exhausted and then he was compelled to stop the daily and sell the weekly. Another took possession of the Kansan and Warner engaged in the patent outside business in Kansas City. Soon he broke again, this time deserting his wife and children, and fleeing the country with a paramour. We sincerely hope that this will not be the fate of our neighbor of the Telegram but for the present we shall use our hand press.



MARCH 27, 1879.

C. M. Scott, ex-editor of the Traveler, was thrown from his buggy on Saturday morning and his shoulder was dislocated.

A new building for the Cowley County Bank, is to be erected on Houghton & McLaughlin's corner lot, directly opposite the Traveler Office.

Prof. Story, the accomplished County Superintendent of Schools, gave us a call last week. Mr. Story is doing excellent work in our schools, and every parent and child in Cowley County should have a warm place in their hearts for him.



MARCH 27, 1879.

The Farms of Cowley County are the pride of her people. In every township may be found men who came here poor, but who by industry, perseverance, and economy have built for themselves homes which neither money nor mortgages can take from them.

We give the following as specimens.

Col. J. M. Alexander owns a farm adjoining Winfield. It contains a half section, one hundred and twenty acres of which are enclosed by a stone fence. Through this pasture runs an unfailing stream. The farm is one of the best in the west for dairy business.

Four miles northeast of Winfield, on Timber creek, is the farm of W. H. Limbocker. It is well improved, and is fenced principally with hedge. It took three teams twenty-five trips each to haul his vast wheat crop to market. His evergreens, forest trees, shrubbery, fruit trees, and small fruit indicate the hand of a good farmer.

Along the Walnut, north of town, lies the big farm of Frank Weakley. A long and wide sweep of the Walnut valley gives here a beautiful picture. The farm is under excellent cultivation, and yields crops of great magnitude.

Southeast of Winfield, about seven miles, lives Jacob Brogner. A few years ago he took a raw piece of land, and now has a farm that anyone could be proud of. He has over three miles of hedge large enough to turn stock. His apple, peach, pear, plum, and apricot trees all bore well last year, while an abundance of fruit was gathered from his grapes, blackberries, and other small fruits. He has a fine growth of walnut and cottonwood trees.

John Leach lives in Silver creek township. He settled on raw land, and has made all that his farm now shows. It is fenced by a fine large Osage hedge, has a good orchard of peach, apple, and other trees, and the stone house is a durable and comfortable building. The work done Mr. Leach shows what energy, perseverance, and good management will accomplish in Cowley county.

On the Walnut twelve miles southeast of town lies the stock farm of Capt. J. B. Nipp. The plow land is a deep rich soil, while the upland is excellent grazing land. Here nature seems to have cut out a stock ranch, for, with but little work and expense, a large pasture has been enclosed, the fence being the stone walls thrown up by nature, and so laid out that an immense tract of land was enclosed ready for stock when Captain Nipp entered the land.

In Sheridan township one finds in the farm of W. H. Clay proof of what labor and pluck will accomplish in this state. His house is a model of convenience and neatness. His hedge fences are thrifty and well grown. His forest and fruit trees are of great variety, and all are doing well under the excellent cultivation given them.

One mile north of Dexter lies the farm of Joseph Hinman. Stone fences and a stone barn, hedge fences, orchards, grapes, broad wheat fields, all indicate the presence of a good farmer. Uncle Joe's wheat crop is always a thing of which anyone would be proud.

Grouse creek is famous for its beautiful and rich farms. Nowhere in the west or in the east can we find a farm tht will discount the one owned by S. M. Fall. One hundred and sixty acres are enclosed in stone and hedge as pasture land and feed lots, well watered and well protected by native timber. One hundred and sixty acres of the best bottom land are enclosed by stone fence and hedge, and are subdivided by hedge fences. Mr. Fall's dwelling house, granaries, stables, work shop, orchards, and feed lots tell one that here lives a farmer who is content with his Kansas home, and who could not be induced to sell out to anyone.

Six years ago R. F. Burden came to Cowley county and started a home on the broad, rolling prairies of this county. Today his farm is a model one. Forty acres have been given to forest trees, cottonwood, walnut, ash, hackberry, coffe bean, and box-elder. Forty acres are devoted to orchards, peach, apple, cherry, plum, and all fruits that can be desired or thought of. Over six miles of fine hedge ffence this farm, which pasture land and feed lots are enclosed in stone and plank. In one season Mr. Burden sold about three thousand dollars worth of stock, hogs and cattle, all "to the manor born."

William Turner lives in Bolton township, southwest of Arkansas City. His farm is on the uplands west of the Arkansas river. It is a rich body of land, and is under excellent cultivation. Good hedges, orchards bearing fruit, blackberries, raspberries, and plums, make the improvements put out and cultivated by Mr. Turner. His dwelling, stable, granary, and other outhouses show that he came here to stay.

T. R. Carson, of Richland, owns one of the best farms in the west. Good stone fences, good houses, good corrals, hedges, orchards, and a tip-top wind mill for pumping water are the improvements he has thrown around over his farm of several hundred acres.

Squire N. J. Larkin is one of Richland's model farmers, citizens, gentlemen, and neighbors, of which this township possesses a host. Mr. Larkin's farm is cultivated in good style, and the efforts of its generous owner indicate that he intends making his home here for the years of his life. Well trimmed hedges, beautiful evergreens, well cultivated fruit trees, and productive wheat and corn fields tell of good judgment and good work on the part of the owner.

W. A. Freeman of Beaver township has made his prairie home beautiful by his skillful labor, and by keeping constantoy at work improving his farm. Hedges, forest trees, peach, apple, and other fruit trees have been put out in great variety, and a fine crop was the yield last year.

The farms which lie around New Salem are beautiful to behold. The land is rolling and stretches away in every direction in beautiful prairies. M. C. McMillen has a farm that has been well cared for. Thrifty hedges, vigorous shade trees, productive fruit trees in great variety, and ample wheat and corn fields show the result of a few years' labor and attention.

These farms are samples of Cowley county farms. They show what anyone can do here with a little capital backed by willing hands and an earnest spirit. Our valleys and uplands are the pride of the west. Take Rock, Beaver, and Grouse, on the east; Silver and Timber in the center; and the Walnut and the Arkansas for the west; and, with the uplands between these streams, you can find no richer, no lovelier lands on which to build homes, go where you will.



MARCH 27, 1879.

For the last several days there has been great excitement about the discovery of gold in the east part of Ninnescah township, in this county. It is said to have been discovered in a deep well, while excavating rock; that the rock is a kind of quarts and contains gold to a considerable amount. Other wells have been sunk in the vicinity with like results. Large numbers of persons have visited the location and become convinced that the discovery of gold is a fact. Real estate is changing hands at high figures and at a lively rate.

We are still skeptical on the matter, and, since the result of a former silver mine excitement, the Yates Center silver mines of last year, and the Eldorado coal hole, we do not propose to be in a hurry to endorse the Ninnescah gold mines.



MARCH 27, 1879.

Allen B. Lemmon, wife and boy left for Topeka last Monday.

Soloman Rodocker, father of D. Rodocker, our photograph man, arrived in this city last Saturday on a visit to his son.




MARCH 27, 1879.

WINFIELD, KANS., Mar. 24, 1879.

Council met at usual time and place, Mayor Lynn in chair. Present, councilmen Jochems, Manning, and Wood.

Sidewalk contract of Fortner & Cady approved. Treasurer made statement and Clerk instructed to examine same and vouchers, certify to its correctness, and have same published.

The following bills were allowed and ordered paid.

Lynn & Gillelen, mdse. for Mrs. Fox, $2.75.

McCommon & Hartel, stationery, etc. $1.70.

J. P. Short, clerk, $10.00.

J. H. Finch, boarding prisoners, $6.00.

Adjourned to meet April 2nd, 1879.

J. B. LYNN, Mayor

J. P. SHORT, Clerk.



MARCH 27, 1879.

The following is a list of the principal business firms of Winfield.


Lynn & Gillelen.

Baird Bros.

Bliss & Co.

T. M. McGuire.


J. L. Horning.

Wallis & Wallis.

J. A. Earnest.

Bahntge Bros.

Lofland & Gale.


W. C. Root & Co.

Smith Brros.


Alvin Gisbee.

August Kadau.

W. Kelley.

Geo. W. Martin.


Youngheim Bros.

J. B. Porter.


McCommon & Harter.

Brown & Glass.

Ed. G. Cole.

J. Fleming.

Giles Bros.

Johnston & Lockwood.


F. J. Sydall.

Wm. Newton.


M. L. Read's.




E. E. Bacon.

L. H. Hope.

R. B. Truesdale.

Hudson Bros.


Winfield City Mills.

Tunnel Mills.


Frank Williams

Majors & Vance.

J. H. Olds.

J. M. Spencer.


Miller & Kraft.

Jas. Allen.

Earnest L. Hazard.


Nommsen & Stueven.

Foultz Bros.

John Wilson.

John Nichols.


Max Shoeb.

Dan. Miller.

Mater & Son.

Mr. Stout.

J. H. Tucker.

Mr. Legg.


John Moffitt.

W. H. H. Maris.

Farmer & Drew.

T. A. Wilkinson.


B. M. Terrill.

Harter & Speed.

C. W. Garoutte.

Shenneman & Millspaugh.


Dr. Van Doren.

Dr. F. H. Bull.


J. C. Walters.

J. M. Dever.

Jas. Douglas & Co.

A. A. Jackson.


Henry Goldsmith.

F. E. Lebow. [? could be F. F. Lebow ?]


S. H. Myton.

J. T. Weston.

H. Jochems.

Hendricks & Wilson.


W. A. Lee.

Brotherton & Silver.

J. L. Berkey.


Johnston & Hill.

Robinson & Miller.

Daniel Sheel.


A. H. Green.

Gilbert & Jarvis.

S. C. Smith.

Curns & Manser.

C. H. Robinson.


John Easton.

J. W. Plank.


Dawson & Son.


Mmme. Roland.

Mrs. Stump.

Mrs. Kretsinger.

Mrs. Anne Haris.

Miss J. E. Mansfield.

Mrs. Whitehead.


F. M. Friend.

T. J. Harris.

D. F. Best.


John Hoenscheidt.

Swain & Watkins.

A. H. Hyde.

Patterson & Son.


Herrington & Austin.

J. H. Hetherington.

T. J. Jones.


Wm. Atkinson.

G. W. Hunt.


Robert Beeney's.

Cap. Sanford's.


Joe. Likoski.

James Fahey.


Clarke & Dysert.


Millington & Buell.


Mrs. Clara T. Beach.


C. Farringer.


D. Rodocker.




BALTIMORE, Cowley Co., March 16.

Farmers sowing oats and plowing for corn. F. M. Boyer, a leading and respected citizen of Vernon, has located near Baltimore, and is erecting a beautiful stone house, and is going to build a barn of the same material of which he has an abundant supply. John R. Shipman and Chas. Gilliard are doing the mason work.




APRIL 3, 1879.

The Indian raids on the frontier of Kansas last season has led the legislature to make provision against a repetition of the inroads of the hostile redskins. The following is now a law, and its provisions will, it is said, be immediately carried into effect.

Sec. 1. That the Governor is hereby authorized and empowered to employ such a number of reliable and discreet men as he may deem necessary, not exceeding forty in number, to be under charge of two efficient officers, to be appointed by him, and to be governed by such rules and regulations as are not inconsistent with the constitution and laws of the State, to be under his direction armed and equipped, and to act as a patrol guard at such times and places on the frontier as he may direct, for the purpose of watching and reporting the movements of hostile Indians, and, so far as possible, rendering protection to settlers, and giving notice to the Governor and to settlers of the State of any actual or threatened danger from such Indians, and such guard shall be composed of citizens who have resided at least one year in the western part of the state.

Sec. 2. The wages for men furnishing their own horses and equipments therefor shall not exceed $40 per month, the State to furnish camp equipment for such men and horses.

Sec. 3. The wages for officers shall be as follows: One officer with the rank of captainCnot to exceed $65 per month. One officer with the rank of first lieutenantCnot to exceed $50 per month. Officers to furnish their own horses and equipments therefor.

Sec. 4. The captain may appoint four sergeants, which sergeants shall be entitled to five dollars per month extra pay for such service.

Sec. 5. Any officer or any enlisted man in such service, may, at the discretion of the Governor, be discharged from service at any time.

Sec. 6. The sum of $25,000, or so much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated as a military contingent fund for the years 1879 and 1880, for the purpose of defraying ex-penses in arming, equipping, with repeating rifle and Colt's navy revolver, feeding and paying the officers and guard hereinbefore provided for. And the Auditor of State, upon receipt of proper vouchers approved by the Governor, shall draw his warrant on the treasurer for such sums as may from time to time be required to carry out the provisions of this act, not exceeding in the aggregate the sum appropriated for such purpose.



APRIL 3, 1879.

Col. Broadhead, Engineer of the Mo. Pacific extension, and party of twelve assistants, completed the survey of their projected road from Paola as far as Winfield on last Thursday the 27th. inst. He has made a through survey, having been at work on this line of 150 miles for several weeks. He reports the route as entirely feasible and in the main easy of grade.

There are some parts of the route which will require a considerable expense in grading, but not so much as to effect the prospects of building the road in a nearly direct line. He will make a return survey varying his route somewhat to ascertain if there is a better line for a part of the way without varying the route materially from a direct line. Col. Broadhead is an accomplished engineer of large experience and has the full confidence of the company.



APRIL 3, 1879.

The election last Tuesday was very warm and excited, but everything went off pleasantly. The result was:

1st w. 2nd w.


John B. Lynn .................... 169 124

T. B. Myers ..................... 94 117


W. M. Boyer ..................... 261 219


O. M. Seward .................... 165 116

Chas. Payson .................... 99 122


J. C. Fuller .................... 138 105

J. C. McMullin .................. 123 133


J. D. Pryor ..................... 262 241


Long Term, H. Jochems ........... 156 ...

Long Term, J. W. Craine ......... 93 ...

Short Term, Chas. C. Black ...... 152 ...

Short Term, W. E. Baird ......... 84

Long Term, M. L. Read ........... ... 182

Long Term, Arckie Stewart ....... ... 104

Short Term, J. E. Allen ......... ... 100

Short Term, S. H. Myton ......... ... 135


Long Term, M. G. Troup .......... 146 ...

Long Term, B. F. Baldwin ........ 102 ...

Short Term, N. L. Rigby ......... 240 ...

Long Term, F. S. Jennings ....... ... 336

Short Term, H. Brotherton ....... ... 107

Short Term, I. W. Randall ....... ... 122

The majorities stand as follows:

Lynn ............................................... 82

Boyer .............................................. 490

Seward ............................................. 60

McMullen ........................................... 13

Pryor .............................................. 502

Jochems ............................................ 63

Black .............................................. 68

Read ............................................... 28

Myton .............................................. 35

Troup .............................................. 44

Rigby .............................................. 240

Jennings ........................................... 236

Randall ............................................ 15


Business of the Winfield post office for the quarter ending March 31st, 1879.


Sales of stamps, postal cards, and stamped

envelopes ................................... $1,226.35

Unpaid postage collected ...................... 2.70

Sales of waste papers ......................... 1.00

Box rents collected ........................... 147.75


Total revenues ........................... $1,377.80

708 money orders issued ....................... $7,165.04

Fees on same .................................. 81.75

444 money orders paid ......................... $8,650.42


The laboringmen made a very good ticket for city officers, but some of the leaders in the movement had made such remarks about the determination of the laborers to rule the city in their own interests, while one of their resolutions would bear the same construction, that suspicion was cast upon all the laboring men on the ticket that if successful we should be subjected to high taxes and enormous debts for the purpose of making more work and higher wages for the laboring men.

For this reason the ticket became at once very unpopular (though injustly) and of course was badly beaten at the polls.



APRIL 3, 1879.

There were 1,452 names signed to the L. L. & G. railroad proposition in Cowley county.



APRIL 3, 1879.

Mr. Olds is building a fine residence on 8th avenue.

W. O. Johnson is happy. It's a boy and tips the beam at eleven pounds. Next!

The surveying party of the Missouri Pacific railroad passed through Winfield last Thursday.

Judge James Christian visited the metropolis last Friday and reports the seaport as flourishing.

Mr. J. S. Chase has bought the Dexter steam mill and will run that mill in the future. He intends, however, to build a mill near Winfield after a while.

Mr. I. C. Loomis, father-in-law of J. C. McMullen, and wife, started for Colorado last Monday to visit a daughter, and will be absent several months.

The list of lands sold for taxes which will be subject to deed next September crowds out a large amount of local and editorial matter this week, which annoys us but cannot be helped.


A team belonging to Mr. Pierce became frightened last Saturday and kicked around in Main street at a lively rate with the wagon at their heels, but fortunately no serious damage was done.

Smith Bros. have erected, at considerable cost, large bulletin boards on all the principal roads leading into Winfield. These gentlemen have a splendid stock and intend to let the people know it.

Messrs. Hendricks & Wilson, proprietors of the new hardware store on south Main street, are putting in new shelving and getting ready to receive additions to their stock, which are now on the road.

We called on Messrs. Palmer & Drew, our new lumber dealers, last Monday and found them "head over heels" in business. They are live, enterprising men, and know how to run a lumber yard.

Several Ponca Indians were in town last week, and from the promiscuous manner in which they handled their blankets in mixed company, we should judge they were no improvement on the average Kaw.

We regret to announce the death of Mrs. J. P. McMillen, of pneumonia, at her residence in Colorado. Mrs. McMillen was one of the old residents of Winfield, and leaves a large circle of friends in this community who mourn her loss deeply.

The Citizens Bank has declared a dividen of 10 percent, being the net earnings on its capital for the six months ending March first, 1879. This is a splendid showing and goes to prove that Winfield has the soundest and best conducted banks in the state.

Messrs. Turner Bro's, late from Lincoln, Ill., will immediately fill the store lately occupied by B. E. Johnson, opposite the Williams house, with a new and splendid stock of staple and fancy dry goods, hats, and caps. They are gentlemen of energy and experience and will make things move.

Married, on Sunday evening last, at the Presbyterian church by Rev. Mr. Platter, Mr. Geo. Cunningham and Miss Nellie B. Lent. The young lady will never be Lent anymore for the young man is too cunning to ever return a Platter of hamCor words to that effect. We wish the young couple much joy.

School boards should "look a leedle oud," as the Legislature struck out the one mill state tax that has been levied heretofore for the state fund. The new law authorizes boards to adopt a uniform series of books in each grade, and forbids any change for five years, except on petition of four-fifths of the legal voters.

Last Saturday evening Mr. S. Cavanaugh was assaulted on the street by a man whose name we did not learn, who stole up behind Mr. Cavanaugh and struck him on the back of the head with a stone, knocking him down and wounding him seriously. The assailant fled and was not arrested, as no one seemed to comprehend at the time what had been done.

The people of Winfield should be alive to the idea of securing the location of the Presbyterian University at this place. It is a matter of very great importance and should be thoroughly canvassed by our citizens before the meeting of the Presbytery, which takes place next Tuesday. We suggest a meeting of the citizens to discuss the matter at once.

G. S. Manser's fine residence narrowly escaped destruction by fire last Thursday near midnight. It seems that a kettle of ashes was standing outside and the wind blew fire out of it into a lattice where it kindled and flamed up. Someone passing saw it and gave the alarm and the fire was extinguished at once.

MORAL: You cannot be too careful about securing your ashes.

J. C. Walter, just west of the post office, is not content with catering to the wants of the inner man but gratifies his catholic tastes by making a kind of conservtory of choice flowering and foliage plants. Some of these are very fine; we noticed particularly his calla lillies, carnations, and fuschias. He has a standing offer of $50 for a certain was plant. Call and see this collection by all means.

E. E. Bacon, in the P. O. building, has now a complete stock of clocks, watches, and jewelry which he offers for sale lower than ever. The clocks were made expressly for him and are bettern than any made for ordinary retail trade. They have polished steel pinions, pivots and plates. He is the only watchmaker in southern Kansas who has served a full apprenticeship in a watch factory [American] and has twenty-three years experience with fine and complicated watches. He is constantly doing work for other watchmakers in the state.

Married, on Tuesday evening, April 1, at the residence of

J. E. Saint, Winfield, by Rev. J. E. Platter, Mr. John Moffitt and Miss Emma Saint. It is a sad commentary on the tendencies of the times that Saints backslide and go the way of common sinners, but we have bright hopes that the parties to this transaction have entgered upon a state of bliss to be as enduring as life and not unworthy of a saint. So mote it be.


Rev. James Cairns.

In this time of church building, railroad building, rapid city improvements, large accessions to our population, and general activity and excitement, the Baptist church in this city is particularly fortunate in its pastor. Talented without conceit; eloquent without ostentation; energetic yet discreet; enthusiastic yet prudent; a cultured gentleman and a warm-hearted and consistent Christian, he is the right man in the right place.



Is hereby given that the annual meeting of the Walnut Valley Fair Association, will be held at the courthouse in Winfield on the second Monday in April, A. D. 1879, at 1 o'clock p.m., agreeable to sec. 2, chap. 9, session laws of 1873. All shareholders, and others interested, are expected to be present. An election of officers for the ensuing year will take place at that time. EUGENE E. BACON, Sec'y.


Necessity has been laid upon the Baptists of Winfield to enlarge their church accommodations to meet the wants of their increasing congregation and Sabbath school. They have determined to build a meeting house tht will be alike an honor to the denomination and an ornament to our city. To aid in this laudable undertaking, the ladies have secured Miss Phoebe H. Couzins to deliver two lectures on April 4th and 5th. Miss Couzins is the ablest woman on the platform in America today, as she was the first woman admitted to the bar. Never before have our citizens had such an opportunity. Secure your seats early as the Opera House is sure to be crowded.



A small house south of town near the residence of Mrs. Holmes was destroyed by fire on Friday last. It was owned by Mrs. Catharine Holmes, worth about $250, and occupied by Mr. Cummings. The alarm was given by someone who noticed the smoke from a window in town and in two minutes the fire companies with their engines and trucks were on the way. After a race of three-quarters of a mile, the men came up exhausted and the building was nearly burned down so there was nothing to do but to return. Mr. Cummings lost nearly all his household goods and $50 in cash. No one was at home but the wife.



APRIL 3, 1879.

WINFIELD, KANS., March 24, 1879.

To Hon. J. B. Lynn, Mayor of the city of Winfield.

The undersigned would respectfully submit herewith his report of his receipts and disbursements as Treasurer of the City of Winfield up to the present date as shown by the enclosed itemized statement.

May 8, 1878. To cash rec'd of J. C. Fuller,

former Treasurer ...................... $ 750.21

May 13, 1878. To License, J. Likowski .............. 300.00

Sept., 1878. To cash of T. H. Bryan ................ 144.80

Oct. 13, 1878. To cash, J. Reynolds for pest house . 60.00

Jan. 13, 1879. To cash, N. C. Coldwell, City Attorney 95.80

Feb. 6, 1879. To cash, Co. Treasurer, sidewalk tax . 223.53

To cash from all other sources ..................... 290.22




By cash paid on vouchers drawn by J. B. Lynn, Mayor,

and J. P. Short, city clerk ................... $1,864.28


Leaving a deficiency in the Treasury of .72


City Treasurer.

I hereby certify the above to be a true and correct copy of the city treasurers report as filed in my office the 24th day of March, 1879. J. P. SHORT,

City Clerk.


At the regular council meeting, March 24th, the clerk was instructed to examine the itemized report and vouchers accompanying the above, and if found correct to certify to the same, and publish it, with a synopsis of the report, which is given below, the fully itemized accounts of which are on file in my office and open to the inspection of anyone interested. The following are the principal receipts and expenditures not specified above.


License, Saloon ..................................... $900.00

License, Billiards and ten-pins ..................... 67.50

License, Concerts, shows, etc. ...................... 54.00

License, Auctioneers, peddlers, etc. ................ 98.75

Fines in police court ............................... 84.00

From Brooks estate .................................. 95.80


Small pox prevention ................................ 587.04

St. crossings, gutter stones, etc. .................. 842.39

Sidewalks ........................................... 222.53

Official salaries to date ........................... 480.00

Boarding prisoners .................................. 64.74

Rent to date ........................................ 51.00

The unpaid salaries, rent, and other expenses will probably increase the total expenditures for the year ending March 31st, 1879, to $2,000. There are outstanding at this date unpaid city warrants to the amount of $100.15. All of which is respectfully submitted.


City Clerk.




H. Holtby is increasing the area of his orchard by the addition of 300 fruit trees.

Beaver's literary institutions at the Tannehill and Enterprise school houses, after a pleasant and interesting winter session, have adjourned, to meet again when another season's crop is garnered.

Miss Grimes' school at Centennial closed last Saturday with a dinner entertainment...Clara Browning received an excellency for scholarship.

Mr. Rufus McCulloch has disposed of his farm to a representative of the "Hoosier" state; consideration, $650.


C. L. Harter was down and delivered a private discourse to P.S. from those humiliating and horrid documents for mistreatment of his "better half."


He had sacrificed several of the best years of his manhood in an effort to gratify her desires and pacify her whimsical notions, and in the meantime sunk $9,000; but all in vain, there still remained an "aching void" and an extravagant propensity, which, like the restless ocean, would not be curbed. Consequently, being thoroughly convinced of the fact that she was not an angel, Al. Ralston, last Tuesday morning, departed for more pleasant but unknown pastures, leaving in the possession of his "bitter half" the entire accumulations of years of toil and industry, excepting a team and wagon, and a note saying she would never see nor hear from him again. Toll the bell softly, oh, ye creditors! Sensation is the spice of life.


A certain farmer in the "bottom" makes a plow boy of his wife.


Last Thursday Mr. Charles Whitson was permitted to pull in the traces with Miss Dessie Williams, Rev. Hopkins officiating. Here is our cup [?], Charley, and may you and your estimable lady's efforts in the future be crowned with success.




APRIL 10, 1879.


An Editor of the Courier Interviews Gen. W. B. Strong and is

assured that the Santa Fe R. R. will be built from Wichita

to this point at an early day.

The material for the construction of the road has been purchased.

The surveyors and engineers are at work. In a few days the

Board of Directors will advertise for bids for the grading.

Let the people plant corn and rejoice, for the day of our

deliverance is at hand. This year's crops will certainly

be shipped by rail from Winfield.

"We Told You So!"

When at home two weeks ago we talked with many who feared that the proposed railroad from Wichita to Winfield would not be built within the time agreed upon. We were surprised to find so many residents both of the city and of the country distrustful of the intentions of the Santa Fe company. To all such we stated that on account of their attempt to secure occupants for their immense tracts of land in western Kansas, the company could not afford to advertise our county by beginning the construction of their road into it until the rush of the spring immigration is over, but that we were confident the road would be completed the coming summer.

Last Friday we called upon General Manager Strong, and were assured by him that our statement of the case was entirely correct, and that the engineers were then at work making the survey of the route. Mr. Strong stated that the materials for the construction of the road have already been purchased and that he expected within two weeks to send to the COURIER advertisements for bids for the grading. He says that the work on the extension will be pushed rapidly until the road is completed, and that if we said to do so he would yet put ten thousand dollars into the hands of our county treasurer as a forfeit to the county if he fails to have the cars running to Winfield by the 30th of September next.

Mr. Strong is a frank, outspoken man. He means exactly what he says, and we are just as confident that our "pass" is to be made "good to Winfield" within six months as we would be if the Santa Fe company had a forfeit of one hundred thousand dollars in the hands of our county treasurer.

The construction of this road is assured. It is a thing of which no man in the county should have any doubt. We believe that the ones who have charge of the enterprise will have the cars running to Winfield long before the fall immigration to the State will begin. The same things that cause delay in beginning work are arguments in favor of the rapid construction of the road when it is commenced.

COWLEY COUNTY FARMERS, YOU WILL CERTAINLY MARKET THIS YEAR'S CROPS AT WINFIELD. Cut out these lines and paste them in your hats so that you may refer to them occasionally for encouragement. The same labor that produced and marketed twenty acres of corn last year will double that number this. Instead of being compelled to freight your wheat, forty, fifty, or sixty miles to dispose of it, lying out of doors at night and being exposed in all kinds of weather, you will market your crops at home hereafter and enjoy your evenings with your families.

This spring every available acre of ground should be planted to some kind of paying crop. We should strain every nerve to make our productions as great as possible. The railroad will be of little value to us if we have nothing to ship. This summer breaking plows should be kept moving. (We have taken the advice we give you and shall have every tillable acre of our "points" put into cultivation this season.) Next fall we should sow one hundred and fifty thousand acres of fall wheat. With a home market our surplus from this crop alone will put us almost out of debt. If we continue in the future, industrious and frugal as we have been in the past, we shall find our county just entering upon an era of prosperity and development such as we have not yet known. Let all plans be made and work done as if the road was already constructed, for the highest authority in connection with the enterprise says it shall be pushed rapidly to completion. We give you not hearsay evidence, but the frank, honest statement of the man who controls.



APRIL 10, 1879.

Some of our exchanges are disposed to criticize us for not exposing what they call "the fraud" in relation to the gold excitement in this county. Now we are ready to expose the fraud when we find it out and have satisfactory evidence of it and not until then. We have stated and reiterated our belief that no native gold has been found in this county and we should think that people at a distance, knowing that the publishers of papers in the immediate vicinity of the object of excitement do not believe any gold has been found, would be very slow to drink in the wild reports that are circulated. Evidently some persons believe there is gold here and as we do not know who circulates the reports nor whether these are honest or dishonest in their expressed opinions, we have no one to charge with fraud.

We suppose that some persons who are as incredulous as ourself have helped to circulate these reports or at least have failed to express the incredulity from a desire to induce people from a distance to visit this county. We highly disapprove of such conduct and motives. We do not wish to induce people by any kind of misrepresentations to come here. If any man thinks of coming to this county to dig for gold, we hope he will not come, for he will only be disappointed and go away cursing the whole county as a fraud.

If any man wants to find productive land at low prices, land that will produce abundant crops of wheat, corn, and fruit, we want him to come here for he will find that all the encomiums of Cowley lands are true and he will give a goodly report of the county.

Let us tell the truth, the whole truth if we can, and if that will not induce a sufficient immigration we can well afford to wait.

Now we will give some reasons for our belief that no native gold has been found.

We have seen a great many specimens of rock from the Goldore diggins, said to be gold bearing quartz, but by all the appliances which our chemistry here can command, not one particle of gold has been discovered in them, and what is more, not one particle of quartz has been found connected with any of them. The rock called quartz is limestone more or less crystalized. There have been two or three specimens of gold-bearing quartz shown, but it was certain that they had been imported, for they were entirely unlike any rock found in this county.

Three thousand dollars or more has been brought from the East to this place, by persons connected with this matter, and deposited in Read's Bank and has been checked out from time to time, but the real estate sales at prices from $1,600 to $16,000 per quarter section appear to have been sales only in name. We cannot find that more than $400 or $500 altogether has been actually paid for land. The $16,000 offers were made in such a way that no prudent man would for a moment think that he could actually get that amount for his land and if any attempted it, they did not succeed.

It is easy to get up an excitement. The same man, whoever he is, wrote under different assumed names to the Eldorado, Topeka, Kansas City, St. Louis and Chicago papers, giving exciting accounts of marvelous gold mines, and people from a distance rushed in here and by their curiosity and enthusiasm convinced some of the weaker vessels of our county that there might be gold there.

We do not understand how anyone except the saloonist at Goldore and the hackmen can make anything out of the fraud, if it is a fraud at the bottom, but we do not believe there is a particle of native gold or quartz within ten miles of Goldore.



APRIL 10, 1879.

There are one hundred and seventeen school districts in this county. Around the school house in each of these a grove should be planted this spring. If the ground has not been broken or is not fenced, then the district board should see that it is put in cultivation; at the next annual meeting provision should be made for the fence and a year hence the trees should be planted. Delay not but go to work at once.



APRIL 10, 1879.

Messrs. Curns & Manser last week made the "boss" real estate sale of the season thus far. They sold for Wm. Vandeventer the farm northeast of the city entered by A. D. Speed to Judge Ide of Leavenworth for $6,200. cash down.

We congratulate our friends Curns & Manser not only on the splendid business they are doing but on the fact that they are locating the best kind of citizens. Judge Ide will make this place his home in the near future.



APRIL 10, 1879.

Wheat in Cowley county gives promise of an extraordinary good crop.

More miles of railway will be built in Kansas this year than in any year since 1873.


APRIL 10, 1879.

Wallace Miller is on the street with a neat dray.

C. R. Mitchell and C. M. Scott were in town last Monday.

Messrs. Lofland & Gale have the finest one-horse turnout in town.

Sixty-nine new buildings going up; and still we have no railroad.

Mr. By Terrill is training a trotting horse that bids fair to become a "rattler."

Mr. Old's house, when completed, will be the finest frame residence in the city.

The Methodist church has been repaired and now presents a very attractive appearance.

Mr. Kretsinger, ye local of the Telegram, has built a neat residence on Manning's addition.

Miss May Benedict, of Arkansas City, spent last week at this place, visiting Miss Jennie Lowry.

Mr. James Baldwin, brother of our fellow citizen, B. F. Baldwin, has been in town several days.

A. H. Beck has built a photograph gallery back of Bahntge's building, and will open out in a few days.

Mr. Dan Miller, our enterprising blacksmith, is erecting a neat residence just back of his shop on Main street.

Dr. W. T. Wright, late of Bushnell, Ill., has opened a City Infirmary in the rooms over Mrs. Stump's millinery store.

Mr. Timme, late of Chicago, has fitted up a room in Manning's block and will engage in the merchant tailoring business.

Mrs. Kretsinger has moved her millinery store to the room recently occupied as a photograph gallery on Main street.

Still they come. The stages are crowded, the hotels are crowded, and the land offices are crowded with people looking for homes.

You may move your fences into the street, to protect your trees, but you must build a stile or put up a turn-table on the sidewalk.

The Supreme Court of the State of Kansas has decided that a city is liable for accidents to persons injured by sidewalks being out of repair.

Mrr. E. C. Seward is building a large two-story frame building, 25 x 80, on Main street, opposite the Central Hotel. This will be the largest frame store-building in town.

The four-horse coach comes in loaded down every evening with persons from the east who have heard of the splendid seven-year-old farms in Cowley county and come to see for themselves.

J. H. Berkey, of Monticello, Wisconsin, is in town, visiting his cousin, A. W. Berkey, and looking at the country. Mr. Berkey states that there is quite a colony of Wisconsin folks making preparations to come to Kansas this spring and that Cowley will surely catch most of them.

We would call the attention of our readers to the card of Dr. J. J. Wolfe. The Doctor is one of the best practitioners in the State, and has operated successfully on some of the most difficult cases to which flesh is heir to. We would advise the afflicted to give him a call.

CARD: J. J. WOLFE, M. D., Physician and Surgeon. Especial attention will be given to the Diseases of Women, Children, & Surgery. Office in the building formerly occupied by Drs. Pittman & Metcalfe, east side Main street, Winfield, Kansas.


Mr. H. B. Lacy hopes to be soon "on the bench" as he has filed papers declaring Police Judge Boyer not eligible to the office, having served as judge at the election, and that he, having received the largest number of votes (5) was entitled to the office.


Miss Clara Brass, sister of Mrs. S. E. Kretsinger, accompanied by Master Lamar Kretsinger, returned last week from Perry, Kansas. Miss Brass brought with her a well assorted stock of millinery goods, purchased in St. Louis and Chicago during her absence.

Winfield Courier, April 10, 1879.

On Friday evening last week the young people assembled at the residence of Mrs. M. L. Robinson and a most delightful evening was spent. An elegant supper was served at ten o'clock, after which the tables were removed and the dining room given up to dancing, which was kept up until a late hour.

The entertainment given by Mr. Jennings' Sunday school class in the Opera House last Thursday evening was a decided success. It consisted of singing, tableaux, and recitatins, all of which was well performed. The proceeds, above expenses, amounted to something over forty-five dollars, which will be expended in repairing the parsonage.

Mr. L. Well, of the Herald Des Westens, of Kansas City, called on us last Friday. He is engaged in getting up an edition to his paper which shall give a description and history of this county. His paper is a first class German paper and as we have a first class German population, we suppose it will have many subscribers here.

Mr. Henry Goldsmith visited Independence last week, leaving for his return on Friday morning. He says that the L. L. & G.

R. R. Co. are receiving large quantities of ties and other material for building the road to Winfield, and that they promise that the cars shall be running into Louisburg township by the first of May.


Messrs. Turner Brothers have opened a splendid stock of dry goods in the Bahntge building.

AD: NEW ARRIVAL! TURNER BROS. are now ready to show their stock of DRY GOODS, HATS AND CAPS to the trade. We are daily receiving new novelties. These goods are all NEW AND SEASONABLE, were bought for cash, and we propose to give our customers advantage of the cash discounts, Every Department is Now Complete. We have an elegant line of CAMEL HAIR SUITINGS and DRESS GOODS, in latest Spring Styles. The ladies are invited to see them. Our Hosiery Department range in price from 5c. to $1.00 per pair. A nice assortment of Table Linen, Napkins. Muslins, Bleach and Brown, all widths. White Quilts, Imported and Domestic. A Good Assortment Cloths, Cassimeres, Cottonades and Jeans. We have a good Kid Glove, two-button, in all shades, for 50c. Our Hat stock embraces all new desirable Spring Styles. We sell a Good Wool Hat for 50c. Come in and see us. No trouble to show goods. Respectfully, TURNER BROS.


Last Friday the Citizens' Bank and the Winfield Bank consolidated, under the head of the Winfield Bank, with a capital of $50,000. J. C. McMullin was elected president, B. F. Baldwin, vice-president, J. C. Fuller, cashier, and D. A. Millington, secretary. They will immediately begin the erection of a brick building, 25 x 140, on the lot now occupied by the Winfield Bank. The first floor will be occupied by the bank, the second story for offices, and the basement by the COURIER. This organization makes one of the strongest banking institutions in the country.



We want the people of Winfield to park every street in the city at once. Ten thousand shade trees should be planted in our town this spring. Will not the Mayor appoint an arbor day and let all of us engage in a tree-planting frolic? If well managed, it would be the best day's work for the town that could possibly be done. The COURIER will do its share, not only of the talking, but also of the tree planting.



APRIL 10, 1879.

General Blair, attorney, and Major Gunn, engineer of the

L. L. & G. railroad extension to this place, were in town last Friday and report everything "booming" in relation to their work. Louisburg township, in Montgomery county, voted their bonds by a three-fourths majority. They think that the Elk townships will be carried by even greater majorities. Sumner county is active in the preparation to submit a bond vote and will no doubt put her shoulder to the wheel.

The engineers are out engaged in locating the Cowley, Sumner and Fort Smith railroad, extension of the Wichita branch of the

A. T. & S. F. Large amounts of material are in preparation for the work and dirt will soon be flying all along the line from Wichita to Winfield.


ADS: APRIL 10, 1879.


PHYSICIAN & SURGEON. Chronic diseases, surgery, and diseases of women specialties. Office over Mrs. Strump's Millinery Store.


T. C. Glascock has opened a boot and shoe shop on Ninth ave. opposite Citizen's bank.


BARGAINS! Having been appointed by the mortgagees, Bindskoff, Borbe & Co., to take charge of and sell the Stuart & Wallis stock of Clothing and Gents Furnishing Goods. . . .

It will pay you to inspect these goods as they are to be sold at STRICTLY COST PRICES and without reservation.

At the old stand on Main street, opposite the Opera House.


Winfield, March 24, 1879.


TOBACCO! Having traded for a large lot of Plug and Smoking

Tobacco, I wish to get clear of it as quick as possible and am offering it at very low prices. One door east of Brotherton & Silvers seed store. J. J. DODD.


The Goldore stages make two round trips daily from Little Dutch and Bushnell, leaving those places on the arrival of the stages from Winfield, Eldorado, and Wichita, and run direct to the Goldore gold fields, to the Hodoo Lode, and other diggings. Passengers can get good meals at the Patac Hotel, where all the delicacies of the season are provided at reasonable rates. Fare from Little Dutch or Bushnell to Goldore, 60 cents. Round trip, $1.00.


NOTICE. Mr. Atkinson has removed his Tailor Shop to the first door south of Prof. Farrninger's music rooms. Call and see the spring and summer fashions for 1879.


The best Sorghum in the market is made on Cook's Evaporator, and is sold at only 50 cts. per gallon at WALLIS & WALLIS.


MONEY TO LOAN. I am prepared to loan money on improved farm property, in Cowley and Sumner Counties, in sums of not less than Three Hundred Dollars, on as good or better terms than ever offered heretofore. Persons wanting to borrow money will do well to call on C. H. ROBINSON at office of

A. H. Green, next door south of Read's Bank, Winfield, Kansas.



APRIL 10, 1879.

Jno. McKee - Clara B. Limbocker.

Chas. B. Whitson - Josephine Williams.

W. W. Huss - Isabelle Birdzell.

Geo. W. Cunningham - Nellie R. Lent.

L'Doray Randall - Nettie A. Smith.

A. A. Thomas - Mary A. Hensley.

Geo. Henscel - Mary Darst.

Jno. Moffitt - Emma Saint.

A. J. Ramey - Lorinda J. Green.

Jno. A. L. Williams - Lavonia T. Merier.



APRIL 10, 1879.

Prairie Grove Literary adjourned until first Tuesday evening in November. Question discussed, "Resolved, That Cowley county is not justifiable in voting $68,000 to an east and west road." The Judges went to sleep, and when they awoke they decided in the affirmative, notwithstanding the bonds will carry in April. A pleasant time was had and all seemed to enjoy the occasion.

We have been going through the fiery ordeal for three or four nights, many hedges and some orchards having been burned.



APRIL 10, 1879.

Everybody going wild with excitement over the big bonanza south of here. The air is full of all sorts of reports regarding the richness of the new mines. It is reported that wagon loads of stone have been carried away in the pockets of the many visitors, what for your humble correspondent faileth to know. Reports of fabulous prices being offered and refused for real estate in and adjoining the reputed mines are rife, and readily gobbled down by the ever credulous. Every road leading in the direction of the mines is fast assuming the appearance of a regular stage route owing to the immense travel over them. Just where all this excitement or hubbub will end there is no telling at this time. As to the existence of gold there we are not prepared to say, but there is one thing we do know, that there is gold there or somebody is badly sold, but it "ain't we'uns."

Weather dry and cool; late wheat suffering badly for want of rain. Farmers busily engaged in planting corn or preparing ground for planting. Considerable corn already planted. Peaches all killed by late frosts. Oats coming up quite slowly owing to the dry weather.

People getting somewhat impatient to learn of work commencing on the Santa Fe road; begin to think it has played out. All ready and willing to vote for the eastern road, which is considered by all to be the road we need and ought to have. Immigrants coming in quite lively already. Among the latest arrivals in this line is a man now stopping east of Red Bud who has imported a fine large Kentucky jack, said to be the largest one in the country. REFLEX.

Maple Tp., April 5, 1879.




Notwithstanding the vagaries of Kansas weather, I beg leave to predict a dry spring - up to date.

The farmers are nearly all done planting corn. Garden sauce is somewhat backward, owing partly to the seeds being still in the papers.

John A. McGuire and one of his hired men went down to Newman's mill to catch fish. They succeeded in catching one poor little bass. John is much elated with his success and talks of going again, maybe. John McGuire starts a team to Wichita after goods this morning.

O. P. West is setting out trees and otherwise improving his place. Sam Moore talks of going to Arizona this spring. School begins this morning with Mrs. Ida Brown as teacher. Sanford Woolard's children are all sick with pneumonia. Ed. Millard, from Silver Creek, was in town last Saturday. Mattie West is teaching school in district No. 78. Sadie Davis will soon close her school in the northeast corner of he county.

E. A. Millard is clerking for John Mac. Phil Hedges is working at his trade. Our blacksmith is nursing a sprained hand.

R. A. McKanna was in town Saturday. R. A. has moved on his claim south of town and proposes to make a home of it.

Amasa Thomas and Mary Hensley were married on the 30th ult.

Tisdale is not thriving so extensively as it might. We can't get up any excitement whatever. Even the gold fever does not assume any exciting form, although three of our most expert "goldists" went up to the mines last week. They say that the gold, so far as they know, is aCprofanityCfraud. I hope they are mistaken, for if there is gold in that part of the county, there must be some here, as there is not anything else that can get up an average amount of "goaheaditiveness" in this town. Why, I will give a dollar for anything like an item of interest which originates in the city limits. The only thing in the shape of improvement this spring is a fence around Mr. McGuire's house and garden.

The peach crop is ruined by the late frosts, and wheat and oats are suffering from the continued dry weather.

S. Woodard is betting hats that the A. T. & S. F. R. R. will not be in Winfield at the time specified in the bonds. I want to take a few of those bets on myself as my hats are getting dilapidated. NIP.

Lazette, April 11, 1879.



APRIL 10, 1879 - FRONT PAGE.


All quiet along the Cowley, Sumner and Ft. Smith R. R.

We keep hearing that they are going to work in a few days. We are very hopeful and think we shall see one of these days the dirt shovelers coming across the prairies going toward Winfield, the iron horse following close in the rear drawing a train of 75 or 100 cars loaded with land agents and money loaners; but stop, we will tell them about the gold, and perhaps they will be either lawyers or doctors.

Plenty of land buyers through this part of the country.

Mr. Hollister has sold one quarter section for $1,400, no improvements except 20 acres broke.

Oliver Hammon is quite sick with the measles.

Mrs. Dr. Pope, of Bushnell, still lingers, just waiting the call of the good angel to go.

The meteor last Thursday night about 10 o'clock was very brilliant, apparently falling from midheaven toward the east. For a moment it was as light as day. There is no telling what the people of Kansas can do, but I tell you when we have such sudden starts and stops among the elements as we had last night, it makes one feel like saying Lord save or we perish.

Since writing the above I have learned something more about the gold, which, perhaps, is good enough to tell. We do not tell all that we hear. It would be useless, as the editor seems to think there is considerable puff and noise about what we say, and also to doubt the existence of gold in this country. Maybe he knows. The Kansas company is now at work. There are four men in the company who have worked in mines from three to four years in different places, and they say thee is gold here, whether in paying quantities or not is yet to be decided. They are energetic, enterprising men and mean business. VERY SOFT.



APRIL 10, 1879 - FRONT PAGE.

PRAIRIE GROVE, April 7, 1879.

Prairie Grove organized a Sabbath School last Sunday.

John Johnson has discovered lead upon his farm without a doubt.

John Filly has discovered gold in his well interspersed wiith diamonds of the first water. He holds his 80 at one hundred thousand dollars.

W. H. Grow holds his bluff land at $1,00 per acre.

Prairie Grove literary society gave a concert at its close, and we must say that nothing fails that the Prairie boys go into. Honest Injun was there with Barnum's museum, and it was loudly applauded. It is secretly reported that Henry Rogers has found gold on his farm. GO IN.



APRIL 17, 1879.

The Walnut Valley Times of Eldorado, in speaking of the movement to locate the Presbyterian college at Winfield, talks to us Winfielders thusly.

"If your people are united and are willing to put up a good bonus, you are sure to get this important institution located near your enterprising city. We see that the census, taken a few weeks ago, shows that you have over two thousand population in Winfield. This must be gratifying.

We also observe that you have organized your town into a city of the second class.

From the returns of your spring election, we observe you poll five hundred and fourteen votes in your city.

It has been reported here that you have a splendid opera houseCone of the largest and best in the State, that your hotels are large and commodious, and are ample to accommodate the traveling public; that your business streets are macadamized, curbed, and guttered; that you have a fire department; that your sidewalks are the best in the State; that contracts have already been let for a dozen brick business houses this spring.

Happy town; happy people; allow us to congratulate you that you have no "wicked ring" in your town that is endeavoring to destroy it. Permit us to hope that your people may always be united and that the spirit of public enterprise may always control the actions of your public men."



APRIL 17, 1879.

Wirt W. Walton, president of the Capitol Guards of our city, has been elected an honorary life member of the "Easton Guards," the crack military company of the Second regiment of the Connecticut National Guards, located at West Meriden, Conn., and has been invited to attend a grand reunion, in June, of all the military companies of that State. This is quite a compliment to the Guards and to Mr. Walton. Of course, Wirt will not allow Kansas to be unrepresented.CTopeka Commonwealth.



APRIL 17, 1879.

The letter of Col. E. C. Boudinot gives considerable information in regard to the Indian Territory. Colonel Boudinot is a Cherokee by birth, an orator, and a statesman. His letter shows that 12,000,000 acres of land within the Territory do not belong to any of the tribes, but are absolutely government land.

This would make 75,000 farms of 160 acres each, or enough for 75,000 families of five persons each, making homes therefore for three hundred and seventy-five thousand persons. These lands it will be remembered are entirely exclusive of any and all reservations of whatsoever kind.

Of the remaining 29,000,000 acres of the different reservations, it is proposed to set apart 100 acres for every man, woman, and child. This would require 10,150,480 acres, as the Indian population is only 48,736, whites 876, negroes 5,000. So far providing all these with their 160 acres each, there would still remain within these reservations nearly 19,000,000 acres for white settlement, in addition to the 12,000,000 above referred to. This would make 118,750 farms of 160 acres each, and counting five persons to a family would make homes for 593,750 persons. This would leave all the Indian lands still intact, and to each Indian family of five persons a farm of 800 acres as they would have 160 acres for each man, woman, and child.

It has been suggested that when the Territory is opened for settlement, and the Indians are given their lands in severalty, that it be fixed so that they cannot sell or convey their lands for a certain period of time, say ten or twenty years, in order that they could not be purchased away from them without ample and sufficient consideration. As a large portion of these people are civilized and many of them educated, it is not likely that their best interest can possibly suffer by the new order of things which is likely to take place in the near future.

CChetopa Advance.



APRIL 17, 1879.

Drs. Pitmann & Metcalf have left with their ladies for Colorado.

C. A. Bliss is putting up a fine iron fence around his dwelling.

Warren Gillelen's fine brick residence is enclosed and presents a very imposing appearance.

Mr. A. G. Wilson has sold a half interest in his dairy farm, south of town, to Mr. J. Q. Oldham for $2,000.

James Fahey's fine brick business house on 9th avenue is approaching completion and appears substantial and imposing.

Sanders Wilson's residence in the east part of the city is assuming quite a palatial appearance and will be one of the finest in the city.

The street sprinkler is abroad and it is a pleasure to get around our cool and dustless streets this windy weather. Pay him promptly and keep him going.

W. H. H. Maris has sold out his lumber business to Mr. W. T. Ekel, from Wichita, who is recommended as an excellent


AD: W. T. EKEL (SUCCESSOR TO W. H. H. MARIS,), Dealer in Lumber, Lath, Shingles, Doors, Sash, Blinds, Mouldings, etc., Plaster Paris, Bbl. Lime, Pastering Hair & Building Material

Yard at the old stand,



C. A. Bliss is putting in a new stone dam for his water power at the Winfield Mills. He hopes this time to put in a dam that will stay. Fortner & Cady have the contract.

We congratulate our friend Tell W. Walton on his position on the engineer corps of the C. S. & F. S. railroad. He will be close to home and among old friends and acquaintances.

Have we a shooting gallery in town? Is John E. Atlen the "boss shootist?" Did he shoot Max Shoeby in the heel? These are matters which the public ought to know all about.

Since the commissioners allowed the claim of the Walnut Valley Association, this agricultural society now have the funds on hand to pay up the premiums awarded at their fair last fall.

P. M. Waite, of Vernon township, will be a prominent candidate for nomination for the office of sheriff before the republican convention this year. He is well qualified in every way for the position.

The Telegram advises our ladies to organize an archery club. We advise them instead to practice with the pistol and be prepared for the trams which will surely infest this city on the approach of the railroad.

Col. Manning is not satisfied with his achievements thus far in making city improvements. He is excavating just back of the post office and opera house for another brick block to front on 9th avenue.

Capt. J. H. Hibbetts, of Chetopa, was in town the other day in company with Gov. St. John. He will be in command of the frontier guards which are being organized by the governor. His headquarters will be at Fort Dodge.

Wirt attempted to drive Tell's "brag" gray from Wichita to Oxford and Winfield last week, but about half-way down the horse was taken sick, and after nursing the animal overnight, Wirt had to leave him in the hands of a veterinarian and come on in the stage. He thought the horse would die.

On Chisholm creek, just this side of Wichita, the engineers in locating the road ran through a garden patch, and a woman came out with a mop, drove the whole corps off the premises, and pulled up the grade stakes. She did not wany any railroad across her onion bed.

Mr. J. L. Berkey, the agricultural implement man, and Mr. J. T. Weston, the hardware and tinware man, have formed a partnership in the hardware, tin, and agricultural implement business with their headquarters at the Page building, Weston's late stand. This will make a strong business firm. Both the gentlemen are active and enterprising.

Mr. Lewis Kingman, elect of the A. T. & S. F. surveying corps, arrived in Wichita on Wednesday with eight assistants and has taken permanent quarters at the Douglas Avenue House. He will arrange for an office somewhere on the Avenue. They will commence work immediately on preparing the working surveys of the Southern extension.CWichita Herald.

Governor St. John arrived in this city Friday evening last. He had been in the counties west of this, organizing the frontier guard. He thinks the Cheyenne scare has about as much foundation as the gold fever. He went to Arkansas City Saturday, returned here, and left for Topeka on Monday. The Colonel looks well and every inch a governor and has very many splendid friends and admirers in this city.

In view of the change in Winfield from a third class to a second class city, some changes in school district No. 1 will be made before the annual meeting. The superintendent contemplates forming a district east of town out of the following territory:

S. W. 1/4 of 13, S. 1/2 of 14 and 15; the N. 1/2 and S. E. 1/4 of 22; all of 23, 24, 25, and 26, and the E. 1/2 of 27, T. 32, R. 4.

All interested in this matter would do well too see the county superintendent, Saturday next, at 2 o'clock p.m.

Mr. A. DeTurk, of Pleasant Valley township, has one of the finest farms in Cowley county. Mr. DeTuck came here about a year ago from Indiana, bought land in Pleasant Valley, paying $2,300 for 140 acres, built a house, granary, and other buildings, costing about $3,000, and is making other very substantial improvements. He has one of the finest vineyards in the country, a splendid bearing orchard, fine hedges, and everything in first-class order.

Mayor Lynn in his inaugural address recommends that the minimum of fines for violating a city ordinance shall be raised from $1 to $5, and that the minimum for the offenses mentioned in section 50 of the act in relation to cities of the second class be $10, that dram shop license be raised to $400 or $500 and that druggists be charged $50 license for selling liquor on physician's prescription, all of which we approve.

On last Thursday one David Creak was arrested and charged with having stolen a cow from Mr. Wm. Hawkins, who lives five miles south of town. Mr. Hawkins missed the cow early Thursday morning, and upon investigation found tracks in some plowed ground between the corral and the road which led him to believe that his cow had been stolen, whereupon he came to town and found Creak trying to sell the cow to George Miller. County Attorney Torrance being out of town, Mr. Henry Asp made out the papers and in less then two hours, Mr. Creak was languishing in the "cooler" in default of $500 bail.



April 17, 1879.

The city council on last Monday evening resolved to tax peddlers and merchandise auctioneers $20 per day for selling on the streets of the city. Correct.

Ed. Nickerson was confirmed as assistant marshal and H. S. Silver as street commissioner.

The city marshal's salary was fixed at $430 per year; the city assessor, $2 per day, not exceeding thirty days; street commissioner, $1.50 per day, not exceeding thirty days; city engineer, $3 per day, not exceeding thirty days.



APRIL 17, 1879.

On and after May 1st mails will leave Winfield for Wichita Sunday mornings at 8 o'clock; and mails will arrive at Winfield from Wichita and be distributed here at about 5 1/2 o'clock p.m., after which the Winfield post office will be open one hour for delivery.




APRIL 17, 1879.

At a meeting of the stockholders held in this city on the 14th inst. the following were elected officers of the Walnut Valley Fair Association.

R. F. Burden, President.

E. P. Kinne, Vice President.

J. M. Alexander, Treasurer.

E. E. Bacon, Secretary.


W. J. Hodges.

A. A. Wiley.

S. R. Marsh

John Stalter.

H. B. Pratt.

Chief Marshal: P. M. Wait.

Chief Police: Jno. C. Roberts.

E. E. BACON, Sec.



APRIL 17, 1879.

Wirt W. Walton made a flying trip home to Winfield, arriving last Friday evening and leaving Sunday morning. His brother, Tell, had been in the employ of the A. T. & S. F. railroad company in the engineer corps at Grand Canon, Colorado, for a few weeks, and Wirt had got him transferred to the engineer corps on the Winfield branch. He came down with Tell and left him with the corps, which was at work a few miles this side of Wichita, establishing the line in this direction. Wirt is looking hale and hearty after his arduous services as chief clerk of the mob called the House of Representatives. He has finished up the journal of the House and left it with the state printer. He will now devote himself to his task of making a manual of rules for the guidance of our future legislators.



APRIL 17, 1879.

D. Read is building a large store at Floral and will soon be ready to stand behind the counter "with a pod of pepper and a bunch of knitting needles," ready to wait on his customers.

Addie Turner is quite low with the heart disease; the Dr. calls twice a day during the week and three times on Sunday. We think it likely she will recover.

Dr. Irwin likes the smell of the peach blossoms around Mr. Craig's. Father Beck and family will soon move to Washington Territory. Mr. Pixley and Family of Winfield have moved to this neighborhood.

Two "big braves" and their squaws were out riding last Sunday, causing a sensation.

Mr. Craig keeps that shotgun loaded for the benefit of Wesley.

Ett Johnson and family have moved to Coffey county.



APRIL 17, 1879.

LITTLE DUTCH, April 14, 1879.

Gold is the topic of the day. I visited Goldore a day or two since and found a hole about thirty-five feet deep and 4 x 8, out of which they are taking a sort of blue soapstone. Some few think there may be gold. Three houses constitute the city, one of which is a saloon.

The De Moss family gave a musical entertainment here on the 5th inst. which was highly appreciated. The Good Templar lodge of this place is in a flourishing condition. T. J. Floyd's school is progressing finely.

There will be a store started at Morton's mill in a few days.



APRIL 24, 1879.


Under this head the Semi-Weekly dishes up a column and a half editorial to prove that the county ought at once to go to a large expense in building additions to, and in remodeling the courthouse.

It says that "whoever is responsibile for building the courthouse where it is, with a swamp between it and the business portion of the town, demonstrates his unfitness to be entrusted with public interests, and has a small soul; that "Winfield has in days gone by been cursed by incapacity and cupidity;" that the courthouse, the school house, and the lost bridge "are the ear marks that indicate jobbery and rascality, "the indubitable evidences of "gigantic fraud" in those responsible for their construction.

About three months ago the editors of the Semi-Weekly came to this place utter strangers to the people of this city and county and found the city so prosperous and promising, the result of the labor and exertions of its earlier citizens, that they concluded to establish themselves here and reap a part of the harvest these earlier citizens had sown. Finding that in their gleanings they did not at first accumulate sheaves very rapidly, they concluded that the fault must be in the rascality and incapacity of those whose labor sowed the seed, and hence, we have this wholesale attack upon our best and most valued


The persons who projected and carried out the building of the courthouse and jail were W. H. H. Maris, then Mayor; S. C. Smith, R. B. Saffold, C. A. Bliss, H. S. Silver, J. D. Cochran, S. Darrah, then councilmen; J. M. Alexander, city attorney; Frank Cox, of Richland, John D. Maurer of Dexter, and O. C. Smith, of Cresswell, county commissioners.

Fifty-eight leading men of Winfield were most active in this matter and guaranteed the title to the courthouse ground and many prominent men of the county approved the measure.

The persons who projected and carried out the building of the school house were John B. Fairbank, District Clerk, J. D. Cochran, Director, S. H. Myton, Treasurer, and some others.

J. P. Short was the trustee and O. F. Boyle the treasurer by whom the contract to build the bridge was let, and during most of its construction, and H. S. Silver, E. S. Bedilion, and B. F. Baldwin were the township officers who made the final settlement with the contractors.

Here we have an array of names honored in this community, names of men never before charged with rascality and incapacity, men in whom we older settlers believe and trust and yet the sages of Mt. Pulaski in three short months have seen through all these men and found them guilty of incapacity, unfitness, jobbery, rascality, and gigantic fraud.

It may be that these gushing freshmen meant to attach these pet words to other than those mentioned above, to the members of the "Old Town Company, or rather Town Association," for instance. If that is the case, the records are open to inspection and we state distinctly that no member of the Winfield Town Association had any connection whatever with the building of the courthouse except to give a deed of the half block of land on which it stands to the county, and two lots on which the jail stands to the city, (all they ever agreed or were ever expected to give) in compliance with the bargain between the city council and county commissioners, that the county should build a courthouse and the city a jail in which the county should have a right to keep prisoners. One of them protested against the building of the courthouse.

One member of that Association, Fuller, was district treasurer when the contract for building the school house was let, but Myton succeeded him before the work commenced.

The original plan of the school house was made by John B. Fairbank, District Clerk, who requested Millington to help him in drafting and making specifications and estimates, which he did, but that plan was finally widely departed from in the construction, and therefore Millington is not entitled to a particle of the credit of that structure.

Millington only, of that Association, had anything to do with the letting of the contract and building of the bridge. He was temporarily the township clerk at that time and claims his share of the credit with his colleagues, Short and Boyle, and with other leading men of the town.

We challenge Mr. Conklin or anyone else to show that any member of the Town Association had any connection whatever with the building of either of these three structures except as above specified.

Now as relates to these three structures, built at that early day when there were no civil engineers or architects within reach and to procure such would cost such large sums, when everything was high and hard to get and when our citizens were beset by every kind of hardship and discouragement, we think these structures, though not beautiful nor even sufficiently substantial, were very creditable monuments to their enterprise and energy, the terrible denunciations of our neighbors


Now, Mr. Semi-Weekly man, we expect you, we challenge you to state precisely what were the "gigantic frauds," the jobberies and rascalities, which you charge in such sweeping and general terms, as to stigmatize the whole community at that time. Be specific and give the names of those who perpetrated them. If either of the gentlemen we have named, or any other citizen is guilty, give us the name and make specific charges against him that he may have a chance to defend himself. Then no longer make assassin and cowardly attacks in the dark, calculated to bring odium upon almost every man of note in the city without giving anyone an excuse for defending himself.

It is a very poor way to secure the desired additions to the courthouse to endeavor by misrepresentations and charges of fraud against the entire business population of Winfield and thereby making Winfield odious to the people of the county.

If you really desire the improvement you advocate, we would suggest that you examine the records of the past and give the facts.



Winfield Courier, April 24, 1879.

To the Voters of Cowley County.

On the 29th of this month you will be called upon to cast your ballots for or against the proposition to exchange the bonds of your county for $68,000 of the stock of the Southern Kansas and Western Railroad Company. It is your duty to prepare yourselves to vote intelligently, and in order to assist you in doing so, your committee, appointed to look after the railroad interests of your county, desire to advance a few reasons (which appear to them to be well founded), why this proposition should receive the favorable consideration of every vote in the county.

In the first place, the proposed road is greatly needed to advance the material interests and welfare of the people. It is to extend through the county from east to west, affording this county a connection with all the eastern roads running through Missouri to the Mississippi river; with the projected road through southern Missouri to Memphis and with the M. K. & T. road running through the Indian Territory to Texas, with a Ft. Smith connection soon to be made which will open up to us the long coveted market of Little Rock and other coveted southern points.

The advantages to be derived from these connections, in bringing to our doors the cheap lumber from the pineries of Missouri, Arkansas, and Texas, the superior coal of the eastern counties, reduced freights from St. Louis and the east, and in the transportation of our own exports to a favorable market, certainly cannot be over-estimated.

But will the road be built if the bonds are voted? This query, owing to the singularly modest demand of the company in asking but $68,000 for building nearly forty miles of first-class road, using steel rails, and overcoming the Grouse hills, may well be repeated and answered doubtingly by the reflective mind. Nevertheless, we can confidently assure you, fellow-citizens, that if the bonds are voted in Elk and Cowley Counties, the road will not only be built, but will be completed considerably ahead of time. A letter just received by the chairman of this committee from Major O. B. Gunn, chief engineer (and who, we may justly add, stands at the pinnacle of his profession), whose honor and truthfulness are unimpeachable, says: "I told your people that while our proposition was for the first of March, we should expect to reach Winfield by the 1st of January; but I am able to say that if the bonds are voted all along the line, so we can spread out, we shall try to do even better than I stated."

How do we know that the company mean business, and that the road will be constructed if the bonds are voted? We know it on business principles. The company is backed by representatives of some of the best railways in the country, and possessed of immense capital. The building of this road is necessary to the welfare and prosperity of other roads owned by these backers. The company have deposited with the Winfield Bank the amount of money fixed by the county clerk to pay the expenses of the election, provided the bonds are voted and they fail to comply with their agreement.

The company has placed in the hands of T. H. Bryan, county treasurer, a certificate of deposit of the banking house of Armour Bros., Kansas City, payable to the order of the county treasurer, for $10,000, dated April 12, 1879, to be forfeited to the county, provided the bonds are voted in Elk and Cowley counties, and the company fail to build the road as stipulated.

The contract for the construction of the road from Independence west to the Elk county line has already been let, to be commenced immediately, and the ties and steel rails for the same are purchased and waiting to be used.

But some men say that the voiting of this subsidy, though small, will, added to that already voted to the Cowley, Sumner & Ft. Smith company, increase and make our taxation burdensome. Let us see if it will. We propose to make a plain statement of figures that cannot lie, nor be controverted.

The interest on $68,000, for one year, at 7 percent, amounts to $4,760. The road will be assessed at not less than $6,000 per mile. Taking 38 miles as the least length (a low estimate) of the road, the assessment will amount to $228,000. We will average the tax at $3 on the $100 valuation, as some townships pay more, and some less. The tax on the road then will amount to $6,840, or $2,080 in excess of the interest! It is easy to see that this excess, each year for 30 years, without any accumulation of interest, would nearly extinguish the whole debt. But used as a sinking fund, which under the present law, it must be, and availing ourselves of the wise provision in the proposition, giving the county the privilege, after ten years, of paying off the indebtedness, as we become able, no one need feel the least apprehension that the county is assuming more than she is able to bear; but that, on the contrary, she could not do a wiser thing for her future welfare and prosperity, than to buy the construction of this road with her bonds, getting the stock of the company to boot, which may not be considered, by any means, worthless. The time may come when the stock of a first class road like this one, and backed by unlimited capital like this, will be worth nearly par.

But the road itself is by no means all the taxable property that it brings in. Consider the increased valuation of all kinds of property resulting from it! The settlement of unsettled landsCthe growth of towns and stationsCthe increase of crops and stock, and the inflow of capital for all purposes, certainly must convince a reasonable mindCa mind of fair capabilitiesCthat it would not be the part of wisdom to reject such a proposition as the one before us.

In conclusion, fellow-citizens, we would have been pleased to have paid a deserved eulogy to our county, the best and fairest, and to become the richest of the best and fairest state in the Union; a county, in which to be a resident, may justly add to one's pride and self-respectCbut our circular is full lengthy now; and we must be contented with the few plain facts herein stated.








APRIL 24, 1879.

The gross earnings of the A., T. & S. F. Railroad Co. for the month of March last were $532,000Can increase of $246,633 over those for the same month of 1878.



APRIL 24, 1879.

A Sunday stage is in operation between Winfield and Wichita.

A college is about to be established at Winfield. It will be under Presbyterian auspices.

A railroad bond election is to be held in Cowley county on the 29th. The company agreet for forfeit $10,000 if they do not carry out their promises.

The two banks of Winfield have been consolidated and will now do business under the name of the Winfield Bank. The capital stock is $50,000.

An Odd Fellows' celebration will take place at Winfield on the 26th. It is expected that the lodges of Sumner, Sedgwick, Butler, and Cowley counties will all participate.



APRIL 24, 1879.

Will Holloway is keeping books for Gilbert & Jarvis.

Judge H. G. Webb, of Oswego, was in the city last week.

Turner Bros. have put up a mammoth sign in front of their store.

Mr. Spotswood, of St. Louis, will soon open a new grocery in this city.

Mr. By Terrill lost a handsome lap robe from one of his buggies last Sunday.

Mr. Gilbert, of Madison, Iowa, is visiting his son, S. L.

Gilbert, of this city.

The Episcopalian services at Manning's Hall last Sabbath were well attended.

Look out for tramps. They are arriving in the county in considerable numbers.

Curns & Manser recently sold to some Illinois ladies the residence of R. E. Wallis for $1225.

Mr. Lemmon and family arrived in this city from Topeka last Friday evening and returned on Monday.

George Hudson's blacksmith sign was wrecked by the gentle zephyrs that played around so lively last Monday.

Mrr. T. B. Turner, of Turner Bros., started East last week to purchase additions to his stock of dry goods.

Mrs. Stump is making the "Ladies' Bazar" one of the most popular millinery establishments in the city.

Baird Bros. have changed the display in that wonderful window of theirs, and it now looks as gaudy as a peacock in June.

T. McGuire moved his stock of dry goods and groceries to the Hughes building, two doors south of Bahntge's, last Monday.


T. R. Timme, The Tailor, has received a supply of fine cloth, and is opening out in good shape.

AD: SPRING OPENING. Fine Diagonals, Imported Worsteds, Fancy Suitings, which will be made up in the Latest Styles. A Perfect Fit Guaranteed. T. R. TIMME, THE TAILOR. POST OFFICE BLOCK.


The click of the croquet mallet is heard throughout the land; and the lover of "Methodist billiards" quietly takes a hand.

Mr. Wilson, of the firm of Hendricks & Wilson, returned last week, bringing with him his own family and that of Mr. Hendricks.

Read's Bank has been receiving a new coat of paint at the hands of Monroe & Higgin's, which improves the appearance


The District Court sits a week from next Monday. A full docket of the business before the court will appear in the COURIER next week.

E. P. Kinne has purchased ground near the mound, at the head of Ninth Avenue, and intends creating a commodious residence during the coming summer.

The parties who sent deeds of land to the Kansas City King, who offered $100 per acre, had their deeds returned because there was no King to be found there.

Messrs. Hackney & McDonald and E. S. Torrance have received another lot of choice law books which is quite an addition to their already valuable libraries.

Mr. Chas. C. Black has been making some very substantial improvements in his residence and grounds this spring, and now has one of the handsomest places in town.

Sonebody lost a $40 promissory note and somebody else lost a $10 bill at the post office last Saturday. Both are found and are in the post office ready for delivery to the owners.

The engineering corps of the A. T. & S. F. road were surveying through Winfield Tuesday. It is said that the company will be throwing dirt on the road to Winfield in less than ten days.

The building in which the bankrupt stock of clothing belonging to Mr. Suss is kept was burglarized Monday night. Several suits of clothing and a few small articles are all that are missed. No clue to the thieves has been found.

Mrs. H. P. Mansfield returned from Michigan last Friday. She has been roaming in the rural districts and eating maple sugar some weeks and returns fair, healthy, and happy and reports a joyous visit.

Mr. George Youle, who lives north of town, will be a candidate before the Republican convention this summer for the office of county treasurer. He is a farmer, a gentlemen of fine talents and education, and is well qualified for the position.

Messrs. Gilbert & Jarvis have secured the agency for several of the leading fire insurance companies of the country, among which are the "Orient," of Hartford, and the "Connecticut," of Hartford. Persons desiring to insure will do well to call on them.

Our foreman has struck a bonanza, in the shape of a wringer, which, by the way, is the neatest, nicest, and handsomest little concern we have ever seen. It is not much larger than a coffee mill and works to perfection, wringing the clothes perfectly dry with scarcely an effort from the operator, and costs only $150. A good opportunity is offered agents to secure township rights for the sale of the "Climax Clothes Wringer." Call at the hardware stores and see one.

Now that the fishing season has commenced, and we watch the earnest but weary fisherman returning with a few sun-fish and occasionally a bass or small cat; we are firmer in the opinion that Newman's dam at the mouth of the Walnut should be supplied with a fishway. While our river and creeks are almost destitute of fish, and the lover of the sport must content himself with a few hard-earned finny specimens, and the lover of the fish go hungry, the river below the dam at Arkansas City fairly swarms with fish every summer. With a clear run from the Mississippi, the number that enters the Walnut must be great; and this was evidenced last summer when Arkansas City turned out over a big fish excitement and found the waters below the dam so full of fish that they rushed into the river and caught them in their arms. Our streets were graced with fishmongers from Arkansas City every day, and we could only gaze in wonder and pay ten cents a pound for glorious fish that should, according to all equity, have waved their tails in our own waters. We like fish, but do not like the idea of paying ten cents a pound for what rightfully belongs to us, or risk immediate death munching the bony bodies of little sun-fish. This is a subject that interests not only the people of this place, but the state at large. No better way could be found in which to stock our river and creeks with fine fish than by the opening of this dam at the mouth of the Walnut. Mr. Newman is violating the law and laying himself liable by not furnishing his dam with a proper fish way, and we think if he has any interest in the matter of stocking our streams with fish, he will do the necessary work. We spoke of this last summer, and we are of more opinion than ever that this is a matter of some importance.



APRIL 24, 1879.

On last Sunday a gentleman by the name of Myer drove down to the river, near the Tunnel mills, to wash his buggy, and not being acquainted with the "lay of the land," got a little too far down and drove into the "whirlpool" just above the mill, which is about ten feet deep. Soon after getting into deep water, the two outside tugs became loosened, causing the tongue to drop down and run into the ground. The horses were unable to swim out and were drowned. Mr. Myer came here from Lawrence, brought his family with him, and is now left almost without anything. He deserves the sympathy of the entire community.



APRIL 24, 1879.

Mr. Lemmon has sold his interest in the COURIER office, and this week Mr. Millington becomes sole editor and publisher of the paper.



APRIL 24, 1879.

Bliss & Co. propose to make two millions of pressed brick this season. They have all the conveniences and are pushing the work rapidly. Mr. E. H. Jones, the foreman, is an experienced brickmaker and understands exactly how to make first-class brick of the material he is using. Bliss & Co. have on hand and arriving, 800 cords of wood to be used for this purpose.

There is good reason to believe that there will be used for building purposes not only all the brick this firm can make, but a million from the yards of Messrs. McBride & Green and another million from Sligar & Thompson. We have not visited these two last named yards, but are informed that they are moving forward successfully. The number of men engaged in the manufacture of brick, and hauling material and wood, is not less than fifty.

In stone hauling and stone cutting the business is lively. Besides the large amount of new stone sidewalks which are being put down, there are a large number of cellars and other stone works in process of construction. Several stone buildings are projected and the stone-handling industry promises to be very large this season.

The lumber trade is specially active. Parmer & Drew, John Moffitt and Mr. Ekels are each doing a rushing business. Many loads of lumber are daily arriving at the yards and are disappearing therefrom as rapidly.

Nearly a hundred new buildings are in process of construction and many more are projected. This year promises to be one of marvelous growth for this city.



APRIL 24, 1879.

Persons wishing to telegraph to any point will be accommodated with all the information and conveniences at the Winfield post office, where their dispatches will be received and for-

warded. Dispatches left with the postmaster before 7 1/2 o'clock in the morning will be passed over the wires on the evening of the same day.



APRIL 24, 1879.

J. C. Walters' show windows, just west of the post office, have been gay and gorgeous with the rarest flowers and flowering plants for the last few weeks. What struck us as exquisitely splendid was a blossom of a Mexican cactus and some clusters of fuschias. Mrs. Walters is having a considerable demand for geraniums, carnations, and other sets.



APRIL 24, 1879.

OMNIA TOWNSHIP, April 19, 1879.

The new school house in district 100 is completed, and last Sabbath witnessed the organization of a Union Sabbath school therein, with the following officers.

Superintendent, A. L. Crow.

Assistant Superintendent, J. C. Stratton.

Chorister, J. A. Bresecker.

Secretary and treasurer, E. A. Henthorn.



APRIL 24, 1879.

James Wilson and Ed. Hill have dissolved partnership.

A couple of our citizens showed their pugilistic abilities by "pummeling" each other a few days ago. They have divied up the farm.

Dr. Carter has left our vicinity.

Dentist Sam Wells is doing a driving business, namely driving a team hitched to a plow and other farming implements.

Our young ladies have become very enthusiastic in regard to acrobat performing. For the want of something better, they have been practicing on an elevated round pole. Their fun was suddenly brought to an end last Sunday evening by one of the young ladies falling from the pole and injuring herself to such an extent that a young man had to take her home.

A. B. Taylor is teaching school in district 39. We saw him a few days ago in our midst shaking with the ague.

W. L. Burton has a fine herd of swineCabout 300 in number.

Henry Bowman has traded his team of horses to Charley Roberts for a span of mules. It was as good as a circus to see and hear them "dickering."

Mr. Newberry has got the gold fever badly. We hope the castles he has built in mid air will prove a success, but we fear his visionary allurements will overcome his better judgment, if it has not already done so.

Miss Belle Curfman has about recovered her former good health.



APRIL 24, 1879.

Last Thursday we made a visit to the brick works of Bliss & Co., across the river, opposite the Winfield Mills. They have got their works to running like clock-work, and will soon be turning out pressed brick of the best quality by the hundreds of thousands. One kiln was nearly burned and will soon be in the market; in an extensive drying shed, so constructed that it can be opened to the sun or closed against the rain at five minutes' notice, were large quantities of brick nearly ready for the kiln, and on the extensive beds were being placed the fresh pressed brick from the mill and moulds. Bliss & Co. will be able to supply brick enough this year to build a town.



APRIL 24, 1879.

From Mr. J. H. McGuire, of Dexter, we learn of the sudden death on Monday of Mr. William Hill, of Otter township, at his home. He was apparently well and about his work but a few minutes before he died. It is thought that diseased lungs was the cause.



APRIL 24, 1879.

We call attention to the advertisement of the letting contracts for the grading and other work on the railroad from Wichita. These contracts will be let Saturday of this week and then the dirt will fly.



APRIL 24, 1879.

By an almost inexcusable oversight the account of the proceedings of this meeting was left out of our paper last week. The Presbytery convened April 8th at the Presbyterian Church in this city and adjourned on the 11th.

Clergymen were listed...among them:

A. H. Lackey, Plum Grove.

J. P. Harsen, Wichita.

J. E. Platter, Winfield.

F. P. Berry, Wellington.

A. D. Moore, Sumner county.

J. S. McClung, Arkansas City.

C. P. Graham, New Salem.


No action was taken in relation to the location of the denominational university at this place, but the prospect of such location is encouraging.